Veterans have certain entitlements by law in competing for Federal civil service employment. The following online resources are provided to help you understand veterans' preference and other hiring flexibilities available to veterans.
How Federal Jobs Are Filled
In order for veterans to compete effectively for federal jobs, it is important to understand how federal jobs are filled
. The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has established occupational groups and series
that are used to classify the work of positions. This classification is made in terms of the kind or subject matter of the work, the level of difficulty and responsibility, and the qualification requirements of the work. The classification is made to ensure similar treatment for positions within a class in personnel and pay administration.
Determining Veterans Preference
Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA) Authority
(allows for appointment of eligible veterans in positions up to the GS-11 level):
30% or More Disabled Veteran Appointing Authority and Veterans Employment Opportunity Act of 1998 (VEOA):
Noncompetitive Appointment of Certain Military Spouses:
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA)
- The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA) protects individuals performing, or who have performed, uniformed service in accordance with 38 U.S.C. 4301-4335 from employment discrimination on the basis of their uniformed service, and provides for their prompt restoration to civilian employment when they return to civilian life.
- These documents provide SEC employees called to active duty, their employee rights and benefits under USERRA. In addition, the documents serve as a guide to assist employees and supervisors with documenting uniform service periods.
Searching for a Federal Job
All federal jobs are posted on USAJOBS. Use the advanced search options on USAJOBS
to further expand or refine your search for securities and exchange commission careers. To view all jobs open to veterans, select “Yes” under “Applicant Eligibility” at the bottom of the search screen
Applying for a Federal Job
Once a veteran has identified the job(s) they would like to apply for, they should click on the job, review the duties and qualification requirements, and note any specialized experience that may be required. If qualified for the job, the veteran should click “Apply Online.” During the application process, veterans may be asked to identify Veterans Preference status. Apply and upload all required supporting documentation. Note: failure to upload all required documentation may result in your application being denied.
Once a job closes, applications are reviewed. Those applicants who are determined “best qualified” are referred to the hiring official for possible interviews. If selected, applicant will receive a tentative job offer pending any security clearance requirements. Upon acceptance of clearance, a final job offer will be made.
Military Service Credit
If you have performed honorable, active-duty service in the uniformed services, you can get credit for it toward retirement eligibility and computation of benefits under either the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal Employees Retirement System. But since you weren't making contributions to the civilian federal retirement system during such service, you might have to pay a deposit to get the credit.
Military Service Deposit
A military service deposit is a payment made to the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) or the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) to allow creditable military service to be used toward retirement eligibility and in annuity computations.
How to Pay your Deposit
- All active duty military service is potentially creditable for retirement purposes if you pay a deposit.
- CSRS – the deposit amount is equal to 7 percent of your military base pay earned, plus accrued interest.
- FERS – the deposit amount is equal to 3 percent of your military base pay earned, plus accrued interest.
- There is a 2-year interest-free period from the date you first enter Federal service and are subject to the CSRS or FERS retirement system to pay your military deposit in full and not be charged any interest.
What to do Next
- Step 1: Obtain the form Request for Earnings (Form RI 20-97), complete the form and send to the appropriate military finance center (click here for the mailing addresses), with a copy of all DD Forms 214.
- Step 2: Upon receipt of the estimated military earnings, complete the SF 3108 Application to Make Service Credit Payment (FERS). Submit the application along with the completed RI 20-97 and DD-214 form(s).
To help you make a decision on whether or not you would like to buy back your military service time, use the new Military Service Earnings/Buy Back Estimator tool. This tool will project your estimated earnings and the estimated cost of buying back your military service time which is considered a Military Service Deposit. An official estimate of your earnings can take 60 business days/12 weeks. With the new online estimator, available 24/7, you can quickly receive an unofficial estimate of your military earnings and the estimated cost of buying back your military service time.
If you are an applicant who needs a reasonable accommodation for disability to participate in the application process at the SEC view our SEC Accommodation Procedure
and/or contact us at DisabilityAccommodation@sec.gov
at least 5 business days in advance of the date you need the requested accommodation.
For further questions and inquiries regarding our Veterans Program, please contact our Veterans Program Manager Kai Petty at firstname.lastname@example.org