|Portfolio Type||Up / Down Market Move (High & Low Valuation Points)|
|Non-High Capitalization, Broad-based U.S. Market Index Option1||+/- 10%|
|High Capitalization, Broad-based U.S. Market Index Option2||+6% / -8%|
(3) Approved Theoretical Pricing Models.-- Theoretical pricing models must be approved by a Designated Examining Authority and reviewed by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("The Commission") in order to qualify. Currently, the theoretical model utilized by The Options Clearing Corporation ("The OCC") is the only model qualified pursuant to The Commission's Net Capital Rule. All member organizations participating in the pilot program shall obtain their theoretical values from The OCC.
(4) Eligible Participants.-- The application of the portfolio margin provisions of this paragraph (g), including cross-margining, is limited to the following:
(A) any broker or dealer registered pursuant to Section 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934;
(B) any affiliate of a self-clearing member organization;
(C) any member of a national futures exchange to the extent that listed index options hedge the member's index futures; and
(D) any other person or entity not included in (4)(A) through (4)(C) above that has or establishes, and maintains, equity of at least 5 million dollars. For purposes of this equity requirement, all securities and futures accounts carried by the member organization for the same customer may be combined provided ownership across the accounts is identical. Account guarantees pursuant to paragraph (f)(4) of this Rule are not permitted for purposes of the minimum equity requirement.
(5) Opening of Accounts.
(A) Only customers that have been approved for options transactions and approved to engage in uncovered short option contracts pursuant to Exchange Rule 721, are permitted to utilize a portfolio margin account.
(B) On or before the date of the initial transaction in a portfolio margin account, a member organization shall:
(i) furnish the customer with a special written disclosure statement describing the nature and risks of portfolio margining and cross-margining which includes an acknowledgement for all portfolio margin account owners to sign, and an additional acknowledgement for owners that also engage in cross-margining to sign, attesting that they have read and understood the disclosure statement, and agree to the terms under which a portfolio margin account and the cross-margining capability, respectively, are provided (see Exchange Rule 726 (d)), and
(ii) obtain the signed acknowledgement(s) noted above from the customer (both of which are required for cross-margining customers) and record the date of receipt.
(6) Establishing Account and Eligible Positions.
For purposes of applying the portfolio margin requirements provided in this paragraph (g), member organizations are to establish and utilize a specific securities margin account, or sub-account of a margin account, clearly identified as a portfolio margin account which is separate from any other securities account carried for a customer. Related instruments may be included in this portfolio margin account for a cross-margin effect, or member organizations may establish and utilize an additional, separate portfolio margin account exclusively for cross-margining. Written entries shall be made to record each movement between accounts.
(A) Portfolio Margin Account
(i) A transaction in, or transfer of, a listed, broad-based U.S. index option or index warrant may be effected in the portfolio margin account.
(ii) A transaction in, or transfer of, an underlying instrument may be effected in the portfolio margin account provided a position in an offsetting listed, broad-based U.S. index option or index warrant is in the account or is established in the account on the same day.
(iii) If, in the portfolio margin account, the listed, broad-based U.S. index option or index warrant position offsetting an underlying instrument position ceases to exist and is not replaced within ten business days, the underlying instrument position must be transferred to a regular margin account, subject to initial Regulation T margin and margined according to the other provisions of this Rule. Member organizations will be expected to monitor portfolio margin accounts for possible abuse of this provision.
(i) A transaction in, or transfer of, a related instrument (i.e., a cross-margin position) may be effected in the portfolio margin account provided a position in an offsetting listed, U.S. broad-based index option, index warrant or underlying instrument is in the account or is established in the account on the same day.
(ii) If the listed, U.S. broad-based index option, index warrant or underlying instrument position offsetting a related instrument ceases to exist and is not replaced within ten business days, the related instrument position must be transferred to a futures account and margined accordingly. Member organizations will be expected to monitor cross-margin accounts for possible abuse of this provision.
(7) Initial and Maintenance Margin Required.-- The amount of margin required under this paragraph (g) for each portfolio shall be the greater of:
(A) the amount for any of the 10 equidistant valuation points representing the largest theoretical loss as calculated pursuant to paragraph (g)(8) below, or
(B) $.375 for each listed index option and related instrument multiplied by the contract's or instrument's multiplier, not to exceed the market value in the case of long positions in listed options and options on futures contracts.
(C) Account guarantees pursuant to paragraph (f)(4) of this Rule are not permitted for purposes of meeting initial and maintenance margin requirements.
(8) Method of Calculation.
(A) Long and short positions in listed options, underlying instruments and related instruments are to be grouped by option class; each option class group being a "portfolio". Each portfolio is categorized as one of the portfolio types specified in sub-paragraph (g)(2)(H) above.
(B) For each portfolio, theoretical gains and losses are calculated for each position as specified in sub-paragraph (g)(2)(H) above. For purposes of determining the theoretical gains and losses at each valuation point, member organizations shall obtain and utilize the theoretical value of a listed index option, underlying instrument or related instrument rendered by a theoretical pricing model that, in accordance with sub-paragraph (b)(1)(i)(B) of Rule 15c3-1a under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, qualifies for purposes of determining the amount to be deducted in computing net capital under a portfolio based methodology.
(C) Offsets. Within each portfolio, theoretical gains and losses may be netted fully at each valuation point.
Offsets between portfolios within the High Capitalization, Broad-based Index Option product group and the Non-High Capitalization, Broad-based Index Option product group may then be applied as permitted by Rule 15c3-1a under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
(D) After applying the Offsets above, the sum of the greatest loss from each portfolio is computed to arrive at the total margin required for the account (subject to the per contract minimum).
(9) Equity Deficiency.-- If, at any time, equity declines below the 5 million dollar minimum required under sub-paragraph (4)(D) of this paragraph (g) and is not restored to at least 5 million dollars within three (3) business days (T+3) by a deposit of funds and/or securities; member organizations are prohibited from accepting opening orders starting on T+4, except that opening orders entered for the purpose of hedging existing positions may be accepted if the result would be to lower requirements. This prohibition shall remain in effect until equity of 5 million dollars is established.
(10) Determination of Value for Margin Purposes.-- For the purposes of this paragraph (g), all listed index options and related instrument positions shall be valued at current market prices. Account equity for the purposes of this paragraph (g) shall be calculated separately for each portfolio margin account by adding the current market value of all long positions, subtracting the current market value of all short positions, and adding the credit (or subtracting the debit) balance in the account.
(11) Additional Margin.-- If at any time, the equity in any portfolio margin account is less than the margin required, the customer may deposit additional margin or establish a hedge to meet the margin requirement within one business day (T+1). In the event a customer fails to hedge existing positions or deposit additional margin within one business day, the member organization must liquidate positions in an amount sufficient to, at a minimum, lower the total margin required to an amount less than or equal to account equity. Paragraph (f)(7) of this Rule - Practice of Meeting Regulation T Margin Calls by Liquidation Prohibited shall not apply to portfolio margin accounts. However, member organizations will be expected to monitor portfolio margin and cross-margin accounts for possible abuse of this provision.
(12) Net Capital Treatment of Portfolio Margin Accounts.
(A) No member organization that requires margin in any customer account pursuant to paragraph (g) of this Rule shall permit gross customer portfolio margin requirements to exceed 1,000 percent of its net capital for any period exceeding three business days. The member organization shall, beginning on the fourth business day, cease opening new portfolio margin accounts until compliance is achieved.
(B) If, at any time, a member organization's gross customer portfolio margin requirements exceed 1,000 percent of its net capital, the member organization shall immediately transmit telegraphic or facsimile notice of such deficiency to the Office of Market Supervision, Division of Market Regulation, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street NW, Washington, DC, 20549; to the district or regional office of the Securities and Exchange Commission for the district or region in which the member organization maintains its principal place of business; and to its Designated Examining Authority.
(13) Day Trading Requirements.-- The requirements of sub-paragraph (f)(8)(B) of this Rule - Day-Trading shall not apply to portfolio margin accounts.
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Delivery of Options Disclosure Document and Prospectus
Rule 726 (a) through (c) unchanged.
Portfolio Margining and Cross-Margining Disclosure Statement and Acknowledgement
(d) The special written disclosure statement describing the nature and risks of portfolio margining and cross-margining, and acknowledgement for customer signature, required by Rule 431(g)(5)(B) shall be in a format prescribed by the Exchange or in a format developed by the member organization, provided it contains substantially similar information as in the prescribed Exchange format and has received the prior written approval of the Exchange.
Sample Portfolio Margining and Cross-Margining Risk Disclosure Statement to Satisfy Requirements of Exchange Rule 431(g)
OVERVIEW OF PORTFOLIO MARGINING
1. Portfolio margining is a margin methodology that sets margin requirements for an account based on the greatest projected net loss of all positions in a "product class" or "product group" as determined by an options pricing model using multiple pricing scenarios. These pricing scenarios are designed to measure the theoretical loss of the positions given changes in both the underlying price and implied volatility inputs to the model. Portfolio margining is currently limited to product classes and groups of index products relating to broad-based market indexes.
2. The goal of portfolio margining is to set levels of margin that more precisely reflects actual net risk. The customer benefits from portfolio margining in that margin requirements calculated on net risk are generally lower than alternative "position" or "strategy" based methodologies for determining margin requirements. Lower margin requirements allow the customer more leverage in an account.
CUSTOMERS ELIGIBLE FOR PORTFOLIO MARGINING
3. To be eligible for portfolio margining, customers (other than broker-dealers and certain non-broker-dealer affiliates of the carrying broker-dealer) must meet the basic standards for having an options account that is approved for uncovered writing and must have and maintain at all times account net equity of not less than $5 million, aggregated across all accounts under identical ownership at the clearing broker. The identical ownership requirement excludes accounts held by the same customer in different capacities (e.g., as a trustee and as an individual) and accounts where ownership is overlapping but not identical (e.g., individual accounts and joint accounts).
POSITIONS ELIGIBLE FOR A PORTFOLIO MARGIN ACCOUNT
4. All positions in broad-based U.S. market index options and index warrants listed on a national securities exchange and certain exchange traded index funds based on the same index that underlies permitted index options are eligible for a portfolio margin account.
SPECIAL RULES FOR PORTFOLIO MARGIN ACCOUNTS
5. A portfolio margin account may be either a separate account or a sub-account of a customer's regular margin account. In the case of a sub-account, equity in the regular account will be available to satisfy any margin requirement in the portfolio margin sub-account without transfer to the sub-account.
6. A portfolio margin account or sub-account will be subject to a minimum margin requirement of $.375 multiplied by the index multiplier for every option contract or index warrant carried long or short in the account. No minimum margin is required in the case of eligible exchange traded funds (registered open-ended investment companies traded on an exchange).
7. Margin calls in the portfolio margin account or sub-account, regardless of whether due to new commitments or the effect of adverse market moves on existing positions, must be met within one business day. Any shortfall in aggregate net equity across accounts must be met within three business days. Failure to meet a margin call when due will result in immediate liquidation of positions to the extent necessary to reduce the margin requirement. Failure to meet an equity call prior to the end of the third business day will result in a prohibition on entering any opening orders, with the exception of opening orders that hedge existing positions, beginning on the fourth business day and continuing until such time as the minimum equity requirement is satisfied.
8. A position in an exchange traded index fund may not be established in a portfolio margin account unless there exists, or there is established on the same day, an offsetting position in securities options, other eligible securities and/or related instruments. Exchange traded index funds will be transferred out of the portfolio margin account (including a portfolio margin account dedicated to cross-margining) and into a regular securities account subject to initial Regulation T and NYSE Rule 431 margin if the offsetting securities options, other eligible securities and/or related instruments no longer remain in the account for ten business days.
9. When a broker-dealer carries a regular cash account or margin account for a customer, the broker-dealer is limited by rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and of The Options Clearing Corporation ("OCC") to the extent to which the broker-dealer may permit OCC to have a lien against long option positions in those accounts. In contrast, OCC will have a lien against all long option positions that are carried by a broker-dealer in a portfolio margin account, and this could, under certain circumstances, result in greater losses to a customer having long option positions in such an account in the event of the insolvency of the customer's broker. Accordingly, to the extent that a customer does not borrow against long option positions in a portfolio margin account or have margin requirements in the account against which the long option can be credited, there is no advantage to carrying the long options in a portfolio margin account and the customer should consider carrying them in an account other than a portfolio margin account.
SPECIAL RISKS OF PORTFOLIO MARGIN ACCOUNTS
10. Portfolio margining generally permits greater leverage in an account, and greater leverage creates greater losses in the event of adverse market movements.
11. Because the time limit for meeting margin calls is shorter than in a regular margin account, there is increased risk that a customer's portfolio margin account will be liquidated involuntarily, possibly causing losses to the customer.
12. Because portfolio margin requirements are determined using sophisticated mathematical calculations and theoretical values that must be calculated from market data, it may be more difficult for customers to predict the size of future margin calls in a portfolio margin account. This is particularly true in the case of customers who do not have access to specialized software necessary to make such calculations or who do not receive theoretical values calculated and distributed periodically by The Options Clearing Corporation.
13. For the reasons noted above, a customer that carries long options positions in a portfolio margin account could, under certain circumstances, be less likely to recover the full value of those positions in the event of the insolvency of the carrying broker.
14. Trading of securities index products in a portfolio margin account is generally subject to all the risks of trading those same products in a regular securities margin account. Customers should be thoroughly familiar with the risk disclosure materials applicable to those products, including the booklet entitled Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options.
15. Customers should consult with their tax advisers to be certain that they are familiar with the tax treatment of transactions in securities index products.
16. The descriptions in this disclosure statement relating to eligibility requirements for portfolio margin accounts, and minimum equity and margin requirements for those accounts, are minimums imposed under Exchange rules. Time frames within which margin and equity calls must be met are maximums imposed under Exchange rules. Broker-dealers may impose their own more stringent requirements.
OVERVIEW OF CROSS-MARGINING
17. With cross-margining, index futures and options on index futures are combined with offsetting positions in securities index options and underlying instruments, for the purpose of computing a margin requirement based on the net risk. This generally produces lower margin requirements than if the related instruments3 and securities products are viewed separately, thus providing more leverage in the account.
18. Cross-margining must be done in a portfolio margin account. Broker-dealers may require that a separate portfolio margin account be established exclusively for cross-margining.
19. When index futures and options on futures are combined with offsetting positions in index options and underlying instruments in a portfolio margin account, and a portfolio margining methodology is applied to them, cross-margining is achieved.
CUSTOMERS ELIGIBLE FOR CROSS-MARGINING
20. The eligibility requirements for cross-margining are generally the same as for portfolio margining, and any customer eligible for portfolio margining is eligible for cross-margining.
21. Members of futures exchanges on which cross-margining eligible index contracts are traded are also permitted to carry positions in cross-margin accounts without regard to the minimum aggregate account equity.
POSITIONS ELIGIBLE FOR CROSS-MARGINING
22. All securities products eligible for portfolio margining are also eligible for cross-margining.
23. All broad-based U.S. listed market index futures and options on index futures traded on a designated contract market subject to the jurisdiction of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission ("CFTC") are eligible for cross-margining.
SPECIAL RULES FOR CROSS-MARGINING
24. Cross-margining must be conducted in a portfolio margin account. A separate portfolio margin account may be established exclusively for cross-margining. A portfolio margin account is a securities account, and must be maintained separate from all other securities account.
25. Cross-margining is automatically accomplished with the portfolio margining methodology. Cross-margin positions are subject to the same minimum margin requirement for every contract, including futures contracts.
26. In instances where there is both a portfolio margin account and a separate, additional portfolio margin account used exclusively for cross-margin, margin calls arising in connection with cross-margining, and any shortfall in aggregate net equity across accounts, must be satisfied within the same time frames, and subject to the same consequences, as in a portfolio margin account.
27. A position in a futures product may not be established in a portfolio margin account unless there exists, or there is established on the same day, an offsetting position in securities options and/or other eligible securities. Related instruments will be transferred out of the portfolio margin account (including a portfolio margin account dedicated to cross-margining) and into a futures account if, for more than ten business days and for any reason, the offsetting securities options and/or other eligible securities no longer remain in the account. If the transfer of related instruments to a futures account causes the futures account to be undermargined, a margin call will be issued or positions will be liquidated to the extent necessary to eliminate the deficit.
28. Customers participating in cross-margining will be required to sign an agreement acknowledging that their positions and property in the cross-margin account will be subject to the customer protection provisions of Rule 15c3-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Investor Protection Act, and will not be subject to the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act, including segregation of funds.
SPECIAL RISKS OF CROSS-MARGINING
29. Cross-margining must be conducted in a portfolio margin account. Generally, cross-margining and the portfolio margining methodology both contribute to provide greater leverage than a regular margin account, and greater leverage creates greater losses in the event of adverse market movements.
30. Since cross-margining must be conducted in a portfolio margin account, the time required for meeting margin calls is shorter than in a regular securities margin account and may be shorter than the time ordinarily required by a futures commission merchant for meeting margin calls in a futures account. Consequently, there is increased risk that a customer's cross-margin positions will be liquidated involuntarily, causing possible loss to the customer.
31. As noted above, portfolio margin accounts are securities accounts and are subject to the customer protections set-forth in Rule 15c3-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Investor Protection Act. Cross-margin positions are not subject to the customer protection rules under the segregation provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act and the rules of the CFTC adopted pursuant to the Commodity Exchange Act.
32. Trading of index options and futures contracts in a portfolio margin account to achieve a cross-margin effect is generally subject to all the risks of trading those same products in a futures account or a regular securities margin account. Customers should be thoroughly familiar with the risk disclosure materials applicable to those products, including the booklet entitled Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options and the risk disclosure document required by the CFTC to be delivered to futures customers. Because this disclosure statement does not disclose the risks and other significant aspects of trading in futures and options, customers should review those materials carefully before trading in a cross-margin account.
33. Customers should bear in mind that the discrepancies in the cash flow characteristics of futures and certain options are still present even when those products are carried together in a portfolio margin account for cross-margining purposes. Both futures and options contracts are generally marked to the market at least once each business day, but the marks may take place with different frequency and at different times within the day. When a futures contract is marked to the market, the gain or loss is immediately credited to or debited from, respectively, the customer's account in cash. While an increase in the value of a long option contract may increase the equity in the account, the gain is not realized until the option is sold or exercised. Accordingly, a customer may be required to deposit cash in the account in order to meet a variation payment on a futures contract even though the customer is in a hedged position and has experienced a corresponding (but yet unrealized) gain on a long option. Alternatively, a customer who is in a hedged position and would otherwise be entitled to receive a variation payment on a futures contract may find that the cash is required to be held in the account as margin collateral on an offsetting option position.
34. Customers should consult with their tax advisers to be certain that they are familiar with the tax treatment of transactions in index products, including tax consequences of trading strategies involving both futures and option contracts.
35. The descriptions in this disclosure statement relating to eligibility requirements for cross-margining, and minimum equity and margin requirements for portfolio margin accounts, are minimums imposed under Exchange rules. Time frames within which margin and equity calls must be met are maximums imposed under Exchange rules. The broker-dealer carrying a customer's portfolio margin account, whether or not cross-margining is conducted, may impose its own more stringent requirements.
* * * * *
Sample Portfolio Margining and Cross-Margining Acknowledgements
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FOR CUSTOMERS UTILIZING
A PORTFOLIO MARGIN ACCOUNT
--CROSS-MARGINING AND NON-CROSS-MARGINING--
Rule 15c3-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires that a broker or dealer promptly obtain and maintain physical possession or control of all fully-paid securities and excess margin securities of a customer. Fully-paid securities are securities carried in a cash account and margin equity securities carried in a margin or special account (other than a cash account) that have been fully paid for. Excess margin securities are a customer's margin securities having a market value in excess of 140% of the total of the debit balances in the customer's non-cash accounts. For the purposes of Rule 15c3-3, securities held subject to a lien to secure obligations of the broker-dealer are not within the broker-dealer's physical possession or control. The Securities and Exchange Commission has taken the position that all long option positions in a customer's portfolio-margining account (including cross-margined positions) may be subject to such a lien by OCC and will not be deemed fully-paid or excess margin securities under Rule 15c3-3.
The hypothecation rules under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Rules 8c-1 and 15c2-1), prohibit broker-dealers from permitting the hypothecation of customer securities in a manner that allows those securities to be subject to any lien or liens in an amount that exceeds the customer's aggregate indebtedness. However, all long option positions in a portfolio-margining account (including cross-margin positions) will be subject to OCC's lien, including any positions that exceed the customer's aggregate indebtedness. The Securities and Exchange Commission has granted an exemption from the hypothecation rules to allow customers to carry positions in portfolio-margining accounts, even when those positions exceed the customer's aggregate indebtedness. Accordingly, to the extent that you have long option positions that do not operate to offset your aggregate indebtedness and thereby reduce your margin requirement in your portfolio-margin account, you receive no benefit from carrying those positions in your portfolio-margin account and incur the additional risk of OCC's lien on your long option position(s).
BY SIGNING BELOW THE CUSTOMER AFFIRMS THAT THE CUSTOMER HAS READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE FOREGOING DISCLOSURE STATEMENT AND ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT LONG OPTION POSITIONS IN PORTFOLIO-MARGINING ACCOUNTS, INCLUDING CROSS-MARGIN POSITIONS, WILL BE EXEMPTED FROM CERTAIN CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION AS DESCRIBED ABOVE AND WILL BE SUBJECT TO A LIEN BY THE OPTIONS CLEARING CORPORATION WITHOUT REGARD TO SUCH RULES.
CUSTOMER NAME: __________________________________
BY: ____________________________ DATE __________________
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FOR CUSTOMERS
ENGAGED IN CROSS-MARGINING
As disclosed above, futures contracts and other property carried in customer accounts with Futures Commission Merchants ("FCM") are normally subject to special protection afforded under the customer segregation provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act ("CEA") and the rules of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission adopted pursuant to the CEA. These rules require that customer funds be segregated from the accounts of financial intermediaries and be accounted for separately. However, they do not provide for, and regular futures account accounts do not enjoy the benefit of, insurance protecting customer accounts against loss in the event of the insolvency of the intermediary carrying the accounts.
As discussed above, cross-margining must be conducted in a portfolio margin account, and portfolio margin accounts are not treated as a futures account with an FCM. Instead, portfolio margin accounts are treated as securities accounts carried with broker-dealers. As such, portfolio margin accounts are covered by Rule 15c3-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which protects customer accounts. Rule 15c3-3, among other things, requires a broker-dealer to maintain physical possession or control of all fully-paid and excess margin securities and maintain a special reserve account for the benefit of their customers. However, with regard to portfolio margin accounts, there is an exception to the possession or control requirement of Rule 15c3-3 that permits The Options Clearing Corporation to have a lien on long positions. This exception is outlined in a separate acknowledgement form that must be signed prior to or concurrent with this form. Additionally, the Securities Investor Protection Corporation ("SIPC") insures customer accounts against the financial insolvency of a broker-dealer in the amount of up to $500,000 to protect against the loss of registered securities and cash maintained in the account for purchasing securities or as proceeds from selling securities (although the limit on cash claims is $100,000).
BY SIGNING BELOW THE CUSTOMER AFFIRMS THAT THE CUSTOMER HAS READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE FOREGOING DISCLOSURE STATEMENT AND ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT POSITIONS AND PROPERTY IN PORTFOLIO MARGIN ACCOUNTS, INCLUDING CROSS-MARGIN POSITIONS, WILL NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES UNDER THE CUSTOMER SEGREGATION PROVISIONS OF THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT AND THE RULES OF THE COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THE CEA.
CUSTOMER NAME: __________________________________
BY: ____________________________ DATE __________________
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1 In accordance with sub-paragraph (b)(1)(i)(B) of Rule 15c3-1a (Appendix A to Rule 15c3-1) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 17 CFR 240.15c3-1a(b)(1)(i)(B).
2 See footnote above.
3 For purposes of this Rule, the term "related instruments," within an option class or product means futures, contracts, and options on futures contracts covering the same underlying instrument.
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