U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Litigation Release No. 23262 / May 14, 2015
Securities and Exchange Commission v. North Star Finance LLC, Thomas G. Ellis, Yasuo Oda, Thomas H. Vetter, Michael K. Martin, Sharon L. Salinas, Capital Source Funding LLC, Capital Source Lending LLC, Civil Action No. 15-cv-1339 (D. Md.)
SEC Halts Advance Fee Loan Scam Targeting Home Building Industry
The Securities and Exchange Commission today announced charges and an emergency asset freeze against Maryland, Virginia, and California residents and their companies for defrauding dozens of investors, many of whom they solicited from the National Association of Home Builders ("NAHB"), in an alleged advance fee loan scam involving bogus prime bank instruments. The SEC filed its complaint under seal on May 11, 2015, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland.
Advance fee frauds solicit investors to make upfront payments before purported deals can go through, and perpetrators fool investors with official-sounding terminology to add an air of legitimacy to the investment programs.
According to the SEC's complaint, which the Court unsealed yesterday at the SEC's request, Thomas G. Ellis and Yasuo Oda, through their company, North Star Finance LLC, and Michael K. Martin and Sharon L. Salinas, through their companies, Capital Source Lending LLC and Capital Source Funding LLC, have collected approximately $5 million from defrauded investors since at least January 2013. The SEC alleges that North Star and the Capital Source entities promised investors that, for an advance fee that would be safely held in escrow accounts and used only for transactional expenses, they could "monetize" bank guarantees to generate millions of dollars. North Star and Capital Source promised that this windfall could then be made available to investors in the form of project funding on highly favorable terms. The SEC alleges that the bank guarantees that served as the backbone of North Star's and Capital Source's programs were a fiction, and underscores that several government agencies have warned investors away from transactions involving such instruments. Even if these bank guarantees did exist, the SEC alleges, they could never be "monetized" as there is no formal or informal market on which they might be bought or sold.
The SEC alleges that, with the assistance of Thomas H. Vetter, a trusted member of the NAHB community, Ellis first pitched North Star's scheme at an annual meeting of the NAHB in February 2014, managing to convince multiple building concerns to sign up. Thereafter, Ellis, Vetter, and Martin allegedly repeatedly lied to investors about the existence of the supposed bank instrument investments and the use of investor funds. Ellis and Oda sent several emails in which they pressured investors to sign phony documents, on the false pretenses that the investment program was both legitimate and available for only a limited time. Martin falsely told one of these investors that he had personally been involved in seven other transactions in 2014 in which he had "secured" and "monetized" bank guarantees. Salinas participated in and aided and abetted the scheme by establishing bank accounts for Capital Source Funding, by falsely representing herself to be an escrow officer, and by signing at least one document that fraudulently purported to be an escrow agreement for the safekeeping of investor funds.
The SEC further alleges that, more than a year after signing up their first investors from the NAHB, the defendants have yet to produce any funding. During this time, Martin, Ellis, Oda, and Vetter have lulled investors by giving them a string of phony updates promising funding was just around the corner; blaming delays on fictitious bank processes; and admonishing those investors who asked detailed questions about the status of their investments. Instead of using investor funds to secure the promised bank instruments and subsequent funding, the defendants converted the funds for their own personal use or unlawfully transferred the funds to third parties.
The Honorable George J. Hazel for the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland granted the SEC's request for a temporary restraining order to prevent the defendants from engaging in their bank instrument investment programs. The Court also granted the SEC's request for an order freezing the assets of all the defendants, requiring accountings, prohibiting the destruction or alteration of documents, and allowing for expedited discovery. A court hearing has been scheduled for May 26, 2015, on the SEC's motion for a preliminary injunction.
Separately, the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Martin on May 11, 2015, on wire fraud charges.
The Commission's complaint alleges violations of the antifraud, and securities and broker-dealer registration provisions of the federal securities laws. Specifically, it alleges that North Star, Ellis, Oda, Martin, Capital Source Funding and Capital Source Lending violated Sections 5(a), 5(c), and, except as to Salinas, Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5. The complaint further alleges that North Star, Ellis, Oda, Vetter, Martin, and Salinas aided and abetted violations of Securities Act Section 17(a), Exchange Act Section 10(b), and Rule 10b-5 thereunder; and Ellis, Oda, Martin, and Salinas aided and abetted violations of Securities Act Sections 5(a) and 5(c). Finally, the complaint alleges that Ellis, Oda, Vetter, and Martin violated Exchange Act 15(a). The Commission seeks preliminary and permanent injunctions, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains with prejudgment interest, and financial penalties against each defendant.
The SEC's investigation was conducted by Stephen W. Simpson and supervised by Timothy N. England. The SEC's litigation is being led by Matthew P. Cohen and Mr. Simpson. The SEC appreciates the assistance of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Buffalo Field Office.