Welcome to the Division of Corporation Finance’s Financial Reporting Manual (FRM).
Disclaimer: This Manual was originally prepared by the staff of the Division of Corporation Finance to serve as internal guidance. In 2008, in an effort to increase transparency of informal staff interpretations, the Division posted a version of the Manual to its website. Because of its informal nature, the Manual does not necessarily contain a discussion of all material considerations necessary to reach an accounting or disclosure conclusion. Such conclusions about a particular transaction are very fact dependent and require careful analysis of the transaction and of the relevant authoritative accounting literature and Commission requirements. The information in this Manual is non-authoritative. If it conflicts with authoritative or source material, the authoritative or source material governs. The information presented also may not reflect the views of other Divisions and Offices at the Commission. The guidance is not a rule, regulation or statement of the Commission and the Commission has neither approved nor disapproved this information. The information included in this Manual may be updated from time to time and positions may change. As a result, some of the information in this manual may not be up to date.
Summary of most recent changes and PDF
Summary of changes in current update
Sections of the Financial Reporting Manual have been updated as of December 31, 2022. These sections have been marked with the date tag, “Last updated: 12/31/2022,” to identify the changes. Previous updates are marked using the same convention and represent the last revision to that section. We include a date tag when the change is significant. Changes that are administrative in nature (for example, section reference updates or grammatical improvements) are not marked with a date tag.
Below is a summary of significant changes included in this update. Clicking the linked section number will direct you to the location of the change in the document. You may click on the embedded link in the document to return to this page.
This update does not include changes for the following rulemakings, Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed BusinessesQualifications of Accountants. For questions related to these amendments, please contact the individual(s) listed on the related rulemaking.
Communications with CF-OCA
|Updated the phone number for contacting CF-OCA staff and provided a link to the new online submission for financial statement waiver or substitution requests.|
1430, 2500, 2600, 4110.5, 4110.7, 5310.1, 6220.4, 6230.2, 6340.2, 6350.1, 6410.1, 6410.2, 6410.12, 6500, and 9820
|Revisions for March, 2, 2020 amendments to Rules 3-10 and 3-16 of Regulation S-X in SEC Release No. 33-10763, Financial Disclosures about Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant’s Securities, (the “March 2020 Amendments”).|
|Revisions to add guidance related to the implementation of Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-12, Financial Services – Insurance (Topic 944): Targeted Improvements to the Accounting for Long-Duration Contracts.|
6120.4, 6120.5, and 11100
|Removed information that is no longer applicable due to the passage of time, such as the adoption of ASC 606.|
Modified: April 6, 2023