Litigation Release 25668 / March 15, 2023
SEC Charges Exiled Chinese Businessman Miles Guo and His Financial Advisor William Je in $850 Million Fraud Scheme
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Ho Wan Kwok (a/k/a Miles Guo, Miles Kwok, Wengui Guo and Brother Seven), Kin Ming Je (a/k/a William Je), Mountains of Spices LLC (d/b/a New York Farm), and G Club Operations LLC, Defendants, and Mei Guo, Qiang Guo (a/k/a Mileson Guo), Hing Chi Ngok, and Sin Ting Rong, Relief Defendants, No. 1:23-cv-02200 (S.D.N.Y. filed Mar. 15, 2023)
The Securities and Exchange Commission today charged exiled Chinese businessman Miles Guo and his financial advisor William Je for their involvement in unregistered and fraudulent offerings that raised more than $850 million.
According to the SEC's complaint, since April 2020, Guo, also known as Ho Wan Kwok, Miles Kwok, Wengui Guo, and Brother Seven, and his longtime financial advisor, Je, also known as Kin Ming Je, misappropriated a large portion of the funds raised from investors to enrich themselves and their family members, who are named as relief defendants. For example, in connection with a private placement offering of common stock in GTV Media Group, Inc. (GTV), Guo and Je allegedly diverted $100 million of investor funds to a hedge fund for the sole benefit of a company that is owned by Guo's son. Additionally, Guo allegedly misappropriated investor proceeds in two other offerings to fund his and his family's lifestyle, including misappropriating approximately $40 million to purchase and renovate a mansion in New Jersey and $3.5 million to purchase a Ferrari for his son.
The SEC also charged Guo and Puerto Rico and New York-based G Club Operations LLC and New York-based Mountains of Spices LLC with violations of the registration provisions of the securities laws in connection with these offerings. A fourth offering, for which Guo alone is charged, raised hundreds of millions of dollars from investors through a crypto asset security referred to as "H-Coin," "Himalaya Coin," or "HCN" and a related purported stablecoin. In addition, since at least October 2021, Guo allegedly has made material misrepresentations to prospective investors in H-Coin, falsely stating that 20 percent of H-Coin's value was backed by gold and that he would personally compensate investors for any potential losses.
The SEC's complaint, filed in federal court in Manhattan, charges Guo and Je with violating the antifraud provisions of Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 thereunder. The complaint also charges Guo, G Club Operations, and Mountains of Spices with violating the registration provisions of Sections 5(a) and (c) of the Securities Act of 1933. Additionally, the complaint charges Je with aiding and abetting Guo's violations of the antifraud provisions of the securities laws, and names as relief defendants Guo's family members, Mei Guo, Qiang Guo, Hing Chi Ngok, and Je's spouse, Sin Ting Rong. The SEC's complaint seeks permanent injunctions, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains, civil penalties, and officer and director bars. The SEC's complaint also seeks a conduct-based injunction that prohibits Guo from participating in the issuance, purchase, offer, or sale of any securities, including crypto asset securities, other than for his own personal accounts.
In a parallel action, the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York today announced charges against Guo and Je.
In a related matter, in September 2021, the SEC charged GTV and two other entities with conducting an illegal unregistered offering of the company's common stock and GTV and its parent company with an illegal unregistered offering of a crypto asset security referred to as either G-Coins or G-Dollars. The SEC subsequently collected more than $454 million in disgorgement, prejudgment interest, and penalties, including approximately $70 million previously transferred to the hedge fund discussed above, from GTV and two other charged entities. The SEC is distributing the funds collected to harmed investors.
The SEC's continuing investigation is being conducted by William Conway, Amanda Rios, Kerri Palen, Daniel Loss, and Sandeep Satwalekar. The case is being supervised by Thomas P. Smith, Jr. The SEC's litigation will be led by Mr. Loss, Mr. Conway, and Ms. Rios.
The SEC appreciates the assistance of the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York, the FBI, and multiple international regulators.