U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Litigation Release No. 22743 / July 8, 2013
United States v. Jeffrey A. Liskov, No. 13-CR-10206 (D. Mass.)
Securities and Exchange Commission v. EagleEye Asset Management, LLC and Jeffrey A. Liskov, No. 11-CV-11576 (D. Mass.)
Criminal Charges Filed Against Massachusetts Investment Adviser For Defrauding Investors
The Securities and Exchange Commission announced that, on July 1, 2013, the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts filed a criminal Information against Jeffrey A. Liskov (Liskov) of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The one-count criminal Information charged Liskov with willfully violating Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (Advisers Act). The Commission previously filed a civil action against Liskov and his advisory firm, EagleEye Asset Management, LLC (EagleEye), for defrauding advisory clients in connection with foreign currency exchange (forex) investments. The factual allegations in the criminal Information are substantially similar to those in the Commission’s complaint in the civil case.
The Commission’s complaint in the civil case, filed on September 8, 2011, alleged that, between at least November 2008 and August 2010, Liskov made material misrepresentations to several advisory clients to induce them to liquidate investments in securities and instead invest in forex. The forex investments resulted in client losses totaling nearly $4 million, while EagleEye and Liskov came away with over $300,000 in performance fees, in addition to other management fees they collected from clients. The Commission alleged that Liskov’s strategy was to generate temporary profits on client forex investments to enable him to collect performance fees, after which client forex investments invariably quickly declined in value.
According to the Commission’s complaint, Liskov made material misrepresentations or failed to disclose material information to clients concerning the nature of forex investments, the risks involved in forex, and Liskov’s poor track record in forex trading for himself and other clients. The Commission’s complaint further alleged that, as to two clients, without their knowledge or consent, Liskov liquidated securities in their brokerage accounts and transferred the proceeds to their forex trading accounts where he lost nearly all their funds, but not before first collecting performance fees on temporary profits in these clients’ forex accounts. The complaint alleged that Liskov accomplished the unauthorized transfers by using “white out” correction fluid to change dates, amounts, and other data on asset transfer documentation. Liskov also opened multiple forex trading accounts in the name of one client, without obtaining the client’s consent, thereby maximizing his ability to earn performance fees on the client’s forex investments.
As result of the foregoing conduct, the Commission alleged that EagleEye and Liskov violated Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) and Rule 10b-5 thereunder and Sections 206(1) and 206(2) of the Advisers Act. The Commission also alleged that EagleEye failed to maintain certain books and records required of investment advisers in violation of Section 204 of the Advisers Act and Rule 204-2 thereunder, and that Liskov aided and abetted EagleEye’s violations of these recordkeeping provisions.
On November 26, 2012, after an eight-day trial in the Commission’s civil action, a jury found that EagleEye and Liskov violated Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 thereunder and Section 206(1) of the Advisers Act. After a further hearing, U.S. District Court Judge William G. Young found violations by EagleEye and Liskov of Section 204 of the Advisers Act and Rule 204-2 thereunder, concerning their recordkeeping obligations relating to EagleEye’s advisory business. On December 12, 2012, the court entered a final judgment against EagleEye and Liskov in the Commission’s civil action, ordering that they be permanently enjoined from future violations of the foregoing provisions of the securities laws. The court further ordered EagleEye and Liskov, jointly and severally, to pay disgorgement of their ill-gotten gains in the amount of $301,502.26, plus pre-judgment interest on that amount of $29,603.59, and the court also ordered EagleEye and Liskov each to pay a civil penalty of $725,000.
On December 27, 2012, the Commission instituted public administrative proceedings against each of EagleEye and Liskov to determine what sanctions against them, if any, may be appropriate and in the public interest.
The Commission acknowledges the assistance of Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts William F. Galvin’s Securities Division and the United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission, both of which filed cases against EagleEye and Liskov in September 2011.
For additional information, see Litigation Release Numbers 22086 (September 8, 2011), 22546 (November 27, 2012), and 22570 (December 14, 2012), and Advisers Act Release Numbers 3527 and 3528 (December 27, 2012).