Skip to main content

Investor Alert—Don’t Trade on Pump-And-Dump Stock Emails

June 1, 2013

FINRA and the SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy are issuing this Investor Alert to warn investors to be on the lookout for email spam promoting “pump-and-dump” stock scams.

Email stock spamming is back in high gear.  The latest McAfee Threats Report confirms a steep rise in spam email linked to bogus “pump-and-dump” stock schemes designed to trick unsuspecting investors.

For years, fraudsters have used large-scale email pushes (what most of us call junk email, or spam) to lure potential victims into investment scams.  Many of these emails tout a company’s stock – typically small, so-called “microcap” companies – through false and misleading statements to the marketplace.  

These false claims could also be made on social media such as Facebook and Twitter, as well as on bulletin boards and chat room pages.  Often the promoters will claim to have “inside” information about an impending development, or to use an “infallible” system that uses a combination of economic and stock market data to pick stocks.  Some purport to allow investors to capitalize on a new technology, strike it rich in an emerging economy, or market-time their way to huge profits.  Subject lines and short messages are designed to quickly pique interest and lure investors into buying the stock – all with the goal of creating a run-up in price.

Investors should treat emails like these with extreme caution – they are very likely part of what are called “pump-and-dump” scams.

In reality, the fraudsters sending these emails are often paid promoters or company insiders who stand to gain by selling their shares after the stock price is “pumped” up by the buying frenzy that they create through the mass email push.  Once these fraudsters “dump” their shares by selling them and stop hyping the stock, the price typically falls dramatically – and investors lose their money or are left with worthless, or near worthless, stock.

FINRA and the SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy have one message for investors:  Don’t fall for these scams.  They are the “inbox” equivalent of a boiler room sales operation, hounding investors with potentially false information about a company.  When it comes to pump-and-dump spam, the smartest play is the easiest.  Just hit the delete key.

Additional Resources

To report a possible securities fraud, ask a question, or report a problem concerning your investments, your investment account or a financial professional, please visit

To receive the latest Investor Alerts and other important investor information, sign up for FINRA’s Investor News here.

To receive the latest Investor Alerts and Bulletins from the SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy, sign up for our RSS feed here or for email here.  You can also follow us on Twitter @SEC_Investor_Ed, or visit, the SEC’s website dedicated to individual investors.

We have provided this information as a service to investors.  It is neither a legal interpretation nor a statement of SEC policy.  If you have questions concerning the meaning or application of a particular law or rule, please consult with an attorney who specializes in securities law.

Return to Top