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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ý   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

or

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 1-115272

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Maryland
(State of Organization)
  04-3262075
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

Two Newton Place,
255 Washington Street, Suite 300,
Newton, Massachusetts

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

02458-1634
(Zip Code)

Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code 617-964-8389

          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title Of Each Class   Name Of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Shares of Beneficial Interest   New York Stock Exchange
Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest   New York Stock Exchange
Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest   New York Stock Exchange

          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o    No ý

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ý

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

          The aggregate market value of the voting shares of the registrant held by non-affiliates was $3.0 billion based on the $24.25 closing price per common share on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2011. For purposes of this calculation, an aggregate of 494,217 common shares of beneficial interest $.01 par value, held by the trustees and officers of the registrant have been included in the number of shares held by affiliates.

          Number of the registrant's common shares outstanding as of February 28, 2012: 123,521,535.

          References in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the "Company," "HPT," "we," "us" or "our" include Hospitality Properties Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

          Certain information required in Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is to be incorporated herein by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement as filed with the SEC for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 9, 2012, or our definitive Proxy Statement.

   


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WARNING CONCERNING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

        THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K CONTAINS STATEMENTS WHICH CONSTITUTE FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995 AND OTHER SECURITIES LAWS. ALSO, WHENEVER WE USE WORDS SUCH AS "BELIEVE", "EXPECT", "ANTICIPATE", "INTEND", "PLAN", "ESTIMATE" OR SIMILAR EXPRESSIONS, WE ARE MAKING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS. THESE FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS ARE BASED UPON OUR PRESENT INTENT, BELIEFS OR EXPECTATIONS, BUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS ARE NOT GUARANTEED TO OCCUR AND MAY NOT OCCUR. FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS IN THIS REPORT RELATE TO VARIOUS ASPECTS OF OUR BUSINESS, INCLUDING:

    OUR HOTEL MANAGERS' OR TENANTS' ABILITIES TO PAY THE FULL CONTRACTUAL AMOUNTS OR ANY LESSER AMOUNTS OF RETURNS OR RENTS DUE TO US,

    THE ABILITY OF TRAVELCENTERS OF AMERICA LLC, OR TA, TO PAY THE AMENDED AND DEFERRED RENT AMOUNTS DUE TO US,

    OUR ABILITY TO OBTAIN AND MAINTAIN QUALIFIED MANAGERS AND TENANTS FOR OUR HOTELS AND TRAVELCENTERS ON SATISFACTORY TERMS,

    OUR ABILITY TO PAY DISTRIBUTIONS AND THE AMOUNT OF SUCH DISTRIBUTIONS,

    OUR ABILITY TO RAISE EQUITY OR DEBT CAPITAL,

    OUR INTENT TO REFURBISH OR MAKE IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN OF OUR PROPERTIES,

    THE FUTURE AVAILABILITY OF BORROWINGS UNDER OUR REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY,

    OUR ABILITY TO PAY INTEREST ON AND PRINCIPAL OF OUR DEBT,

    OUR POLICIES AND PLANS REGARDING INVESTMENTS AND FINANCINGS,

    OUR TAX STATUS AS A REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST, OR REIT,

    OUR ABILITY TO PURCHASE OR SELL PROPERTIES,

    OUR PLANS TO PURSUE THE SALE OF CERTAIN HOTELS,

    OUR PLANS TO REBRAND CERTAIN HOTELS,

    OUR EXPECTATION THAT WE WILL BENEFIT FINANCIALLY BY PARTICIPATING IN AFFILIATES INSURANCE COMPANY, OR AIC, WITH REIT MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH LLC, OR RMR, AND COMPANIES TO WHICH RMR PROVIDES MANAGEMENT SERVICES, AND

    OTHER MATTERS.

        OUR ACTUAL RESULTS MAY DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THOSE CONTAINED IN OR IMPLIED BY OUR FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS AS A RESULT OF VARIOUS FACTORS. FACTORS THAT COULD HAVE A MATERIAL ADVERSE EFFECT ON OUR FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS AND UPON OUR BUSINESS, RESULTS OF OPERATIONS, FINANCIAL CONDITION, FUNDS FROM OPERATIONS, NORMALIZED

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FUNDS FROM OPERATIONS, CASH AVAILABLE FOR DISTRIBUTION, CASH FLOWS, LIQUIDITY AND PROSPECTS INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO:

    THE IMPACT OF CHANGES IN THE ECONOMY AND THE CAPITAL MARKETS ON US AND OUR HOTEL MANAGERS AND TENANTS,

    LIMITATIONS IMPOSED ON OUR BUSINESS AND OUR ABILITY TO SATISFY COMPLEX RULES IN ORDER FOR US TO QUALIFY AS A REIT FOR U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX PURPOSES,

    COMPLIANCE WITH, AND CHANGES TO, FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE REAL ESTATE, HOTEL, TRANSPORTATION AND TRAVEL CENTER INDUSTRIES, ACCOUNTING RULES, TAX RATES AND SIMILAR MATTERS,

    COMPETITION WITHIN THE REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY OR THOSE INDUSTRIES IN WHICH OUR TENANTS AND HOTEL MANAGERS OPERATE,

    ACTS OF TERRORISM, OUTBREAKS OF SO CALLED PANDEMICS OR OTHER MANMADE OR NATURAL DISASTERS BEYOND OUR CONTROL, AND

    ACTUAL AND POTENTIAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST WITH OUR MANAGING TRUSTEES, TA, SONESTA INTERNATIONAL HOTELS CORPORATION, OR SONESTA, AND RMR AND THEIR RELATED PERSONS AND ENTITIES.

FOR EXAMPLE:

    OUR ABILITY TO MAKE FUTURE DISTRIBUTIONS DEPENDS UPON A NUMBER OF FACTORS INCLUDING OUR FUTURE EARNINGS. WE MAY BE UNABLE TO MAINTAIN OUR CURRENT RATE OF DISTRIBUTIONS ON OUR COMMON OR PREFERRED SHARES AND FUTURE DISTRIBUTIONS MAY BE SUSPENDED OR PAID AT A LESSER RATE THAN THE DISTRIBUTIONS WE NOW PAY,

    WE MAY BE UNABLE TO REPAY OUR DEBT OBLIGATIONS WHEN THEY BECOME DUE,

    CONTINUED AVAILABILITY OF BORROWINGS UNDER OUR CREDIT FACILITY IS SUBJECT TO OUR SATISFYING CERTAIN FINANCIAL COVENANTS AND MEETING OTHER CUSTOMARY CONDITIONS,

    THE SECURITY DEPOSITS WHICH WE HOLD ARE NOT IN SEGREGATED CASH ACCOUNTS OR OTHERWISE SEPARATE FROM OUR OTHER ASSETS AND LIABILITIES. ACCORDINGLY, WHEN WE RECORD INCOME BY REDUCING OUR SECURITY DEPOSIT LIABILITIES, WE DO NOT RECEIVE ANY ADDITONAL CASH PAYMENT. BECAUSE WE DO NOT RECEIVE AN ADDITIONAL CASH PAYMENT AND BECAUSE THE AMOUNT OF THE SECURITY DEPOSITS AVAILABLE FOR FUTURE USE IS REDUCED AS WE APPLY SECURITY DEPOSITS TO COVER PAYMENT SHORTFALLS, THE FAILURE OF OUR TENANTS OR MANAGERS TO PAY MINIMUM RETURNS OR RENTS DUE TO US MAY REDUCE OUR CASH FLOWS AND OUR ABILITY TO PAY DISTRIBUTIONS TO SHAREHOLDERS,

    WE EXPECT THAT WHILE THE SECURITY DEPOSIT UNDER OUR MARRIOTT NO. 234 AGREEMENT (DESCRIBED FURTHER IN THIS REPORT) IS EXHAUSTED, MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC., OR MARRIOTT, WILL PAY US UP TO 90% OF OUR MINIMUM RETURNS UNDER A LIMITED GUARANTY. THIS STATEMENT IMPLIES MARRIOTT WILL BE ABLE AND WILLING TO FULFILL ITS OBLIGATION UNDER THIS GUARANTY, OR THAT SHORTFALLS WILL NOT EXCEED THE $40.0

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      MILLION GUARANTY CAP. WE CAN PROVIDE NO ASSURANCE WITH REGARD TO MARRIOTT'S FUTURE ACTIONS OR THE FUTURE PERFORMANCE OF OUR MARRIOTT HOTELS,

    WE EXPECT THAT INTERCONTINENTAL HOTELS GROUP PLC, OR INTERCONTINENTAL, WILL CONTINUE TO PAY US THE NET CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS OF THE HOTELS INCLUDED IN OUR MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT AND THAT WE WILL UTILIZE THE SECURITY DEPOSIT WE HOLD FOR ANY PAYMENT SHORTFALLS. HOWEVER, THE SECURITY DEPOSIT WE HOLD FOR INTERCONTINENTAL'S OBLIGATIONS TO US IS FOR A LIMITED AMOUNT AND WE CAN PROVIDE NO ASSURANCE THAT THE SECURITY DEPOSIT WILL BE ADEQUATE TO COVER FUTURE PAYMENT SHORTFALLS FROM OUR INTERCONTINENTAL HOTELS,

    HOTEL ROOM DEMAND AND TRUCKING ACTIVITY VOLUME ARE OFTEN A REFLECTION OF THE GENERAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE COUNTRY. IF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE COUNTRY DECLINES, HOTEL ROOM DEMAND AND TRUCKING ACTIVITY VOLUME MAY DECLINE AND THE OPERATING RESULTS OF OUR HOTELS AND TRAVEL CENTERS MAY DECLINE, THE FINANCIAL RESULTS OF OUR HOTEL OPERATORS AND TENANTS MAY SUFFER AND THESE OPERATORS AND TENANTS MAY BE UNABLE TO PAY OUR RETURNS OR RENTS. ALSO CONTINUED DEPRESSED HOTEL OPERATING RESULTS FOR EXTENDED PERIODS MAY RESULT IN THE GUARANTORS OF OUR MINIMUM RETURNS OR RENTS DUE FROM OUR HOTEL INVESTMENTS BECOMING UNABLE OR UNWILLING TO MEET THEIR OBLIGATIONS OR THEIR GUARANTEES MAY BE EXHAUSTED,

    OUR RECENT AMENDMENTS TO OUR LEASES WITH TA MAY IMPLY THAT TA CAN AFFORD TO PAY THE AMENDED AND DEFERRED RENT AMOUNTS AND THAT IT WILL TIMELY DO SO IN THE FUTURE. IN FACT, SINCE ITS FORMATION TA HAS NOT PRODUCED CONSISTENT OPERATING PROFITS. IF THE CURRENT LEVELS OF GENERAL COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY IN THE COUNTRY DECLINE, IF THE PRICE OF DIESEL FUEL INCREASES SIGNIFICANTLY OR FOR VARIOUS OTHER REASONS, TA MAY BECOME UNABLE TO PAY THE AMENDED AND DEFERRED RENTS DUE TO US,

    OUR ABILITY TO GROW OUR BUSINESS AND INCREASE OUR DISTRIBUTIONS DEPENDS IN LARGE PART UPON OUR ABILITY TO BUY PROPERTIES THAT GENERATE RETURNS WHICH EXCEED OUR CAPITAL COSTS. WE MAY BE UNABLE TO IDENTIFY PROPERTIES THAT WE WANT TO ACQUIRE OR TO NEGOTIATE ACCEPTABLE PURCHASE PRICES, ACQUISITION FINANCING OR CONTRACT TERMS FOR NEW PROPERTIES,

    WE MAY BE UNABLE TO IDENTIFY PROPERTIES THAT WE WANT TO ACQUIRE OR TO NEGOTIATE ACCEPTABLE PURCHASE PRICES, ACQUISITION FINANCING TERMS, MANAGEMENT AGREEMENTS OR LEASE TERMS FOR NEW PROPERTIES, OR BE ABLE TO COMPLETE ACQUISITIONS,

    THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K STATES THAT WE HAVE ENTERED INTO AN AGREEMENT TO SELL ONE HOTEL. THIS TRANSACTION IS SUBJECT TO VARIOUS TERMS AND CONDITIONS TYPICAL OF COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS. THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS MAY NOT BE MET. AS A RESULT, THIS TRANSACTION MAY BE DELAYED OR MAY NOT OCCUR,

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    WE ARE CONSIDERING SELLING OR REBRANDING CERTAIN HOTELS. IN FACT, WE MAY BE UNABLE TO SELL OR REBRAND ANY OF THESE HOTELS OR MAY SELL THE HOTELS AT AMOUNTS THAT ARE LESS THAN THEIR CURRENT CARRYING VALUES, AND

    THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K STATES THAT WE BELIEVE THAT OUR CONTINUING RELATIONSHIPS WITH RMR, TA, SONESTA, AIC, AND THEIR AFFILIATED AND RELATED PERSONS AND ENTITIES MAY BENEFIT US AND PROVIDE US WITH ADVANTAGES IN OPERATING AND GROWING OUR BUSINESS. IN FACT, THE ADVANTAGES WE BELIEVE WE MAY REALIZE FROM THESE RELATIONSHIPS MAY NOT MATERIALIZE.

        THESE RESULTS COULD OCCUR DUE TO MANY DIFFERENT CIRCUMSTANCES, SOME OF WHICH ARE BEYOND OUR CONTROL.

        THE INFORMATION CONTAINED ELSEWHERE IN THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K OR IN OUR FILINGS WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, INCLUDING UNDER THE CAPTION "RISK FACTORS", OR INCORPORATED HEREIN IDENTIFIES OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT COULD CAUSE DIFFERENCES FROM OUR FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS. OUR FILINGS WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ARE AVAILABLE ON ITS WEBSITE AT WWW.SEC.GOV.

        YOU SHOULD NOT PLACE UNDUE RELIANCE UPON OUR FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS.

        EXCEPT AS REQUIRED BY LAW, WE DO NOT INTEND TO UPDATE OR CHANGE ANY FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS AS A RESULT OF NEW INFORMATION, FUTURE EVENTS OR OTHERWISE.


STATEMENT CONCERNING LIMITED LIABILITY

        THE AMENDED AND RESTATED DECLARATION OF TRUST ESTABLISHING HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST, DATED AUGUST 21, 1995, AS AMENDED AND SUPPLEMENTED, AS FILED WITH THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ASSESSMENTS AND TAXATION OF MARYLAND, PROVIDES THAT NO TRUSTEE, OFFICER, SHAREHOLDER, EMPLOYEE OR AGENT OF HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST SHALL BE HELD TO ANY PERSONAL LIABILITY, JOINTLY OR SEVERALLY, FOR ANY OBLIGATION OF, OR CLAIM AGAINST, HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST. ALL PERSONS DEALING WITH HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST IN ANY WAY SHALL LOOK ONLY TO THE ASSETS OF HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST FOR THE PAYMENT OF ANY SUM OR THE PERFORMANCE OF ANY OBLIGATION.

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HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
2011 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT

Table of Contents

 
   
  Page  

 

Part I

       

Item 1.

 

Business

   
1
 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

   
38
 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

   
53
 

Item 2.

 

Properties

   
54
 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

   
55
 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

   
55
 

 

Part II

       

Item 5.

 

Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

   
56
 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

   
57
 

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   
58
 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   
79
 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   
80
 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   
80
 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

   
80
 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

   
81
 

 

Part III

       

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   
81
 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

   
81
 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

   
81
 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   
81
 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   
81
 

 

Part IV

       

Item 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

   
82
 

Table of Contents

PART I

Item 1.    Business

        The Company.    We are a real estate investment trust, or REIT, formed in 1995 under the laws of the State of Maryland. As of December 31, 2011, we owned 288 hotels with 42,632 rooms or suites, and 185 travel centers. Our properties are located in 44 states in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. Our principal place of business is Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, Massachusetts 02458-1634, and our telephone number is (617) 964-8389.

        Our principal external growth strategy is to expand our investments in high quality real estate used in hospitality industries and enter leases and management agreements with qualified operators which generate returns to us that exceed our operating and capital costs. Our principal internal growth strategy is to participate through additional returns and percentage rents in increases in the operating income of our managed hotel properties and increases in total sales at our leased hotels and travel centers, respectively.

        Our investment, financing and disposition policies and business strategies are established by our Board of Trustees and may be changed by our Board of Trustees at any time without shareholder approval.


HOTEL PROPERTIES

        As of December 31, 2011, our hotels were operated as Courtyard by Marriott®, Candlewood Suites®, Staybridge Suites®, Residence Inn by Marriott®, Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts®, Hyatt Place®, InterContinental Hotels & Resorts®, Marriott Hotels and Resorts®, Radisson® Hotels & Resorts, TownePlace Suites by Marriott®, Country Inns & Suites by Carlson®, Holiday Inn Hotels & Resorts®, SpringHill Suites by Marriott® or Park Plaza® Hotels & Resorts.

        Courtyard by Marriott® hotels are designed to attract both business and leisure travelers. Our Courtyard by Marriott® hotels contain between 108 and 296 guest rooms. Most Courtyard by Marriott® hotels are situated on well landscaped grounds and typically are built with a courtyard containing a patio, pool and socializing area that may be enclosed depending upon location. These hotels generally have a market offering 24 hour snacks & beverages, a restaurant, lounge, meeting rooms, business services, a fitness center, guest laundry and a pool. The Courtyard by Marriott® brand is evolving to include upgraded public space, technology and new food & beverage offerings through the Bistro at Courtyard®. As of December 31, 2011, we have completed the required improvements to implement the Bistro at Courtyard® concept at 41 of our 71 Courtyard hotels. The guest rooms are similar in size and furnishings to guest rooms in full service Marriott® hotels. Each guest room offers free high speed internet. In addition, many of the same amenities as would be available in full service Marriott® hotels are available in Courtyard by Marriott® hotels, except room service may not be available and meeting and function rooms are limited in size and number. According to Marriott International, Inc., or Marriott, as of December 2011, 913 Courtyard by Marriott® hotels were open and operating in the United States and internationally. We have invested a total of $939 million in 71 Courtyard by Marriott® hotels with a total of 10,281 rooms.

        Candlewood Suites® hotels are mid-priced extended stay hotels which offer studio and one bedroom suites designed for business and leisure travelers expecting to stay five or more nights. Each Candlewood Suites® suite contains a fully equipped kitchen, a combination living and work area and a sleeping area. The kitchen typically includes a full size microwave, full size refrigerator, stove, dishwasher and coffee maker. The living area generally contains a convertible sofa or recliner, television, combination videocassette and DVD player and compact disc player. The work area includes a large desk and executive chair, free high speed internet access, two phone lines, voice mail and free local calls. Most Candlewood Suites® suites contain a king size bed. Other amenities generally offered at each Candlewood Suites® hotel

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include a fitness center, guest laundry facilities and a Candlewood Cupboard® area where guests can purchase light meals, snacks and other refreshments 24 hours a day. The Candlewood Suites® brand provides extended stay guests with the home away from home experience. According to InterContinental Hotels Group PLC, or InterContinental, the owner of the Candlewood Suites® brand, 285 Candlewood Suites® hotels were open and operating in the United States and internationally as of December 2011. We have invested $618 million in 76 Candlewood Suites® hotels with a total of 9,220 suites.

        Staybridge Suites® are upscale extended stay hotels that offer residential style studio and one or two bedroom suites for business, governmental, relocation and family travelers. Each suite typically offers a fully equipped kitchen and a work area with an oversized desk, multi-feature telephones, an ergonomically designed chair and complimentary high speed internet access. Other amenities usually include a free breakfast buffet, evening receptions, an onsite convenience store, complimentary guest laundry, fitness center and 24 hour business center. With the various amenities, guests are encouraged to feel at home and comfortable. According to InterContinental, the owner of the Staybridge Suites® brand, 179 Staybridge Suites® hotels were open and operating in the United States and internationally as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $487 million in 35 Staybridge Suites® hotels with a total of 4,338 suites.

        Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels are designed to provide business, governmental and family travelers with all the comforts of home while on long-term trips. Our Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels have between 102 and 231 studio, one bedroom and two bedroom suites. Most Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels are designed as residential style buildings with landscaped walkways, courtyards and recreational areas. Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels do not have restaurants. All offer complimentary continental breakfast and a complimentary evening hospitality hour. In addition, each suite contains a fully equipped kitchen and many have fireplaces. Most Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels also have swimming pools, barbeque areas, exercise rooms, business centers, a Sport Court® and guest laundry. According to Marriott, as of December 2011, 617 Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels were open and operating in the United States, Mexico and Canada. We have invested a total of $499 million in 37 Residence Inn by Marriott® hotels with a total of 4,695 suites.

        Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® is InterContinental's upscale brand targeted at the business and leisure guest seeking upscale accommodations at a reasonable price. Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® have a particular focus on small to medium sized meeting accommodations and related services. Our Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® contain between 295 and 613 rooms and between 5,000 and 25,000 square feet of meeting and banquet space. The Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® brand offers a wide variety of premium services and amenities, including fully-appointed guest rooms with ample work space, a full complement of business services, concierge services, dining choices, quality fitness facilities and comprehensive meeting capabilities. According to InterContinental, 387 Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® were open and operating worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $392 million in 12 Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts® with a total of 4,401 rooms.

        Hyatt Place® hotels are all suite upscale hotels offering casual hospitality in a well designed, high tech and contemporary environment catering to the multi-tasking business traveler. Hyatt Place® hotels are located in urban, suburban and airport locations. Our Hyatt Place® hotels contain between 98 and 134 rooms. Hyatt Place® suites typically include upgraded bedding, a wet bar, granite counters, a sectional sofa, complimentary Wi-Fi internet and a media center with a 42 inch high definition plasma television. A signature feature of Hyatt Place® is the Gallery, where guests can enjoy complimentary continental breakfast and access to the 24 hour guest kitchen that offers a variety of food selections for purchase. Additional food and beverage options are available through the Bakery Café, which offers various coffee options and a selection of beer, wine and cocktails and a grab and go case that offers salads, sandwiches and snacks that can be purchased and taken on the go. Hyatt Place® guests include individual and business travelers, as well as families. Hyatt Place® properties are also suitable for small corporate/executive group meetings. According to Hyatt Hotels Corporation, or Hyatt, the owner of the

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Hyatt Place® brand, 162 Hyatt Place® hotels were open and operating in the United States as of December 2011. We have invested $302 million in 22 Hyatt Place® hotels with a total of 2,724 suites.

        InterContinental Hotels & Resorts® are luxury hotels that blend consistent global standards with the distinctive cultural features associated with their separate locations in an effort to deliver authentic guest experiences. Our InterContinental Hotels & Resorts® contain between 189 and 485 rooms. InterContinental Hotels & Resorts® offer high levels of service for business and leisure guests seeking a luxury hotel experience. Amenities include a wide range of personal and business services in addition to restaurants, cocktail lounges, pools, saunas, meeting space and health/fitness centers. According to InterContinental, 169 InterContinental Hotels & Resorts® hotels were open worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $301 million in five InterContinental Hotels & Resorts® with a total of 1,479 rooms.

        Marriott Hotels and Resorts® is Marriott's flagship brand renowned for the consistent quality of their physical appearances and well trained staff. Our Marriott Hotels and Resorts® contain between 356 and 601 rooms. The guest rooms offer luxury linens, a "smart workspace" with an ergonomic chair and multi-feature telephones. Our Marriott Hotels and Resorts® have between 20,000 to 29,000 square feet of meeting and banquet space. Amenities include a wide range of personal and business services in addition to a choice of restaurants, cocktail lounges, concierge floors, pools, saunas, and health/fitness centers. According to Marriott, 555 Marriott Hotels and Resorts® were open worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested $161 million in three Marriott Hotels and Resorts® with a total of 1,349 guest rooms.

        Radisson® Hotels & Resorts is a leading full service hotel brand that serves both the business and leisure traveler. Our Radisson® Hotels & Resorts hotels contain between 159 and 381 rooms. Amenities and services often include Sleep Number® beds, large desks, free high speed internet access, a restaurant, room service and a pre-arrival online check in system. Our Radisson® Hotels & Resorts offer a Business Class room that extends upgraded amenities and services at a premium price. The meeting facilities at our Radisson® Hotels & Resorts generally can accommodate groups of between 10 and 600 people in a flexible meeting room design with audiovisual equipment. Most of our Radisson® Hotels & Resorts hotels also have a lobby lounge, a swimming pool and a fitness center. According to Carlson Hotels Worldwide, or Carlson, the owner of the Radisson® Hotels & Resorts brand, 406 Radisson® Hotels & Resorts were open and operating worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $116 million in five Radisson® Hotels & Resorts with a total of 1,134 rooms.

        TownePlace Suites by Marriott® are mid-priced extended stay hotels offering studio and one or two bedroom suites for business and leisure travelers. TownePlace Suites by Marriott® compete in the mid-priced extended stay segment of the lodging industry. Each suite usually offers a fully equipped kitchen, a bedroom and separate living and work areas, including the new in-room HomeOffice™ Suite. Other amenities offered typically include voice mail, free high speed internet access, guest laundry facilities, 24 hour staffing, a light complimentary breakfast, late night snack and beverage offerings from the "In a Pinch" market and a fitness center. According to Marriott, 201 TownePlace Suites by Marriott® were open worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested $105 million in 12 TownePlace Suites by Marriott® with a total of 1,331 suites.

        Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® is a mid-priced select service lodging chain catering to both business and leisure travel. Our Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® hotels contain between 84 and 180 rooms. Amenities and services at these hotels generally include spacious, well equipped rooms, free breakfast and high speed internet access. The meeting facilities at our Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® hotels generally can accommodate groups of between 10 and 200 people in a flexible meeting room design with audiovisual equipment. Most of our Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® hotels also feature a lobby with a fireplace, a swimming pool, exercise facilities, business center services, coin-op laundry service and a restaurant and lounge. According to Carlson, 469 Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® were

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open and operating worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $75 million in five Country Inns & Suites by Carlson® with a total of 753 rooms.

        Holiday Inn Hotels & Resorts® offers business and leisure guests all the services and amenities of a full service hotel in a contemporary style at a moderate price. Our one Holiday Inn Hotel® and our one Holiday Inn Select® hotel contain between 190 and 264 rooms. The Holiday Inn Hotel® and the Holiday Inn Select® hotel brands do not differ in product offerings. Each brand offers similar amenities and services including a large work desk, phone with voice mail, free high speed internet access, a business center with internet access, copy and fax service, in room coffee and tea service and designer bath amenities. The meeting facilities at our Holiday Inn Hotels® generally can accommodate groups of between 18 and 280 people in a flexible meeting room design with audiovisual equipment and catering options. These hotels typically also offer a swimming pool, fitness center, guest self-service laundry, a lobby lounge, room service and restaurant. The Holiday Inn Select® brand was discontinued in 2006; however, the hotels are allowed to carry the Holiday Inn Select® flag until the existing license expires. According to InterContinental, the owner of the Holiday Inn Hotels & Resorts® brand, 1,233 Holiday Inn Hotels® were open and operating worldwide as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $23 million in one Holiday Inn Hotels® and one Holiday Inn Select® hotel with a total of 454 rooms.

        SpringHill Suites by Marriott® are all suites hotels designed to attract value conscious business and family travelers. Guest suites can be up to 25% larger than standard hotel rooms. Each suite usually has separate sleeping, living and work areas, a mini-refrigerator, a microwave and coffee service. Other amenities offered include a pull out sofa bed, complimentary daily hot breakfast buffet, two phone lines, free high speed internet access and voice mail, guest laundry, lobby computer, access to a 24 hour market offering snacks and beverages and a fitness center. According to Marriott, 287 SpringHill Suites by Marriott® were open as of December 2011. We have invested $21 million in two SpringHill Suites by Marriott® with a total of 264 suites.

        Park Plaza® Hotels & Resorts is in the mid-priced segment of the full service hotel category targeting both business and leisure guests. Amenities and services available at this hotel include well appointed guest rooms with large work areas, free high speed internet access, room service and a restaurant. The meeting facilities at our Park Plaza® Hotel & Resort generally can accommodate groups of between 10 and 400 people in a flexible meeting room design with audiovisual equipment. Our Park Plaza® Hotel & Resort hotel also has a lobby lounge, a swimming pool and a fitness center. According to Carlson, the owner of the Park Plaza® Hotels & Resorts brand, 35 Park Plaza® Hotels & Resorts were open and operating as of December 2011. We have invested a total of $11 million in one Park Plaza® Hotel & Resort with a total of 209 rooms.

        The following table details the chain scale and service level of our hotels, as categorized by Smith Travel Research, as of December 31, 2011.

 
  Service Level    
 
Chain Scale
  Full
Service
  Select
Service
  Extended
Stay
  Total  

Luxury

    5             5  

Upper Upscale

    3             3  

Upscale

    18     95     72     185  

Upper Midscale

    2         12     14  

Midscale

    5         76     81  
                   

Totals

    33     95     160     288  

        On January 31, 2012, we completed the acquisition of the entities which own or lease two Royal Sonesta branded hotels. The hotels are managed by Sonesta International Hotels Corporation (formerly known as Sonesta Acquisition Corp.), or Sonesta, an affiliate of our manager,

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Reit Management & Research LLC, or RMR. For further information on these transactions, see Note 8 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


TRAVEL CENTER PROPERTIES

        As of December 31, 2011, we owned 185 travel centers; 145 of our travel centers are operated under the TravelCenters of America®, or TA®, brand names and 40 are operated under the Petro Stopping Centers®, or Petro®, brand name.

        Substantially all our travel centers are full service sites located on or near an interstate highway and offer fuel and non-fuel products and services 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Our typical travel center includes: over 23 acres of land with parking for 190 tractor trailers and 100 cars; a full service restaurant and one or more quick service restaurants which are operated under nationally recognized brands; a truck repair facility and parts store; multiple diesel and gasoline fueling points; a travel and convenience store; and a game room, lounge, private showers and other amenities for professional truck drivers and motorists.

        The physical layout of our travel centers varies from property to property. Many of our TA® branded properties have one building with separate service areas, while many of our Petro® branded properties have several separate buildings. According to TA, 168 TA® and 69 Petro® sites were open and operating in the U.S. and Canada as of December 31, 2011. We have invested $1.9 billion in 145 TA® branded properties and $725 million in 40 Petro® branded properties.


PRINCIPAL MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT OR LEASE FEATURES

        As of December 31, 2011, 287 of our hotels are included in one of five portfolio agreements; 233 hotels are leased to our taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRSs, and managed by hotel operating companies, and 55 hotels are leased to third parties. One hotel is not included in a portfolio and is leased to Marriott. Our 185 travel centers are leased under two portfolio agreements. The principal features of the management agreements and leases for our 473 properties are as follows:

    Minimum Returns or Minimum Rent.  All of our agreements require our managers or tenants to pay to us fixed minimum returns or minimum rent.

    Additional Returns or Rent.  Certain of our agreements require percentage returns or rent based on increases in gross property revenues over threshold amounts. In addition, certain of our hotel management agreements provide for additional returns to us based on increases in hotel operating income.

    Long Terms.  Our management agreements and leases generally have initial terms of 15 years or more. The weighted average term remaining for our agreements (weighted by our investment) as of December 31, 2011 is 15.0 years, without giving effect to any renewal options our managers or tenants may have.

    Pooled Agreements.  All but one of our properties is part of a portfolio combination. In all but one of our portfolio combinations, the manager's or tenant's obligations to us with respect to each property in a combination are subject to cross default with the obligations with respect to all the other properties in the same combination. The smallest portfolio combination includes 11 hotels in which we have invested $202 million; the largest portfolio combination includes 145 travel centers in which we have invested $1.9 billion.

    Geographic Diversification.  Each portfolio combination of properties is geographically diversified.

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    Strategic Locations.  Our properties are located in the vicinity of major demand generators such as large suburban office parks, airports, medical or educational facilities or major tourist attractions for hotels and interstate highways for travel centers.

    All or None Renewals.  All manager or tenant renewal options for each combination of our properties may only be exercised on an all or none basis and not for separate properties.

    Property Maintenance.  Generally our hotel agreements require the deposit of 5% to 6% of annual gross hotel revenues into escrows to fund periodic renovations. For recently built or renovated hotels, this requirement may be deferred for a period. Our travel center leases require the tenants to maintain the leased travel centers, including structural and non-structural components.

    Security Features.  Each management agreement or lease includes various terms intended to secure the payments to us, including some or all of the following: cash security deposits which we receive but do not escrow; subordination of management fees payable to the operator to some or all of our return or rent; and full or limited guarantees from the manager's or tenant's parent company. As of December 31, 2011, five of our seven portfolio agreements and our one stand alone property, a total of 290 properties, have minimum returns or minimum rent payable to us which are subject to full or limited guarantees. These properties represent 63% of our total investments, at cost, at December 31, 2011.

        Our lease with a subsidiary of Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc., or Host, for 53 Courtyard hotels has a current expiration date of December 31, 2012. We received notice in November 2010 that our tenant has determined not to renew this agreement. Upon expiration of the agreement, we expect to lease the hotels to one of our TRSs and to continue the existing hotel brand and management agreement with Marriott. In June 2011, Marriott provided notice to us that it intends to exercise its option to renew this management agreement for an additional 12 years to 2024.


INVESTMENT AND OPERATING POLICIES

        Generally, we provide capital to owners and operators in hospitality related industries who wish to expand their businesses or divest their properties while remaining in the hospitality business. Many other public hospitality REITs seek to control the operations of properties in which they invest and generally design their management agreements or leases to capture substantially all net operating income from their hotels' businesses. Our agreements with our operators and tenants are designed with the expectation that, over their terms, net operating income from our properties that accrues to the benefit of the operator will exceed minimum amounts due to us. We believe that this difference in operating philosophy may afford us a competitive advantage over other hospitality REITs in finding high quality investment opportunities on attractive terms and increase the dependability of our cash flows used to pay distributions.

        Our first investment in travel centers was structured differently than all our other investments. We acquired an operating travel centers business, reorganized the business to retain substantially all of the real estate and then distributed a tenant operating company to our shareholders. We may in the future make investments in this fashion, but we have no present intention to do so.

        Our investment objectives include increasing cash flow from operations from dependable and diverse sources in order to increase per share distributions to our shareholders. To achieve these objectives, we seek to: maintain a strong capital base of shareholders' equity; invest in high quality properties operated by qualified operating companies; use moderate debt leverage to fund additional investments which increase cash flow from operations because of positive spreads between our cost of investment capital and investment yields; structure investments which generate a minimum return and provide an opportunity to participate in operating growth at our properties; when market conditions

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permit, refinance debt with additional equity or long term debt; and pursue diversification so that our cash flow from operations comes from diverse properties and operators.

        In order to benefit from potential property appreciation, we prefer to own properties rather than make mortgage investments. We may invest in real estate joint ventures if we conclude that we may benefit from the participation of co-venturers or that the opportunity to participate in the investment is contingent on the use of a joint venture structure. We may invest in participating, convertible or other types of mortgages if we conclude that we may benefit from the cash flow or appreciation in the value of the mortgaged property. Convertible mortgages are similar to equity participation because they permit lenders to either participate in increasing revenues from the property or convert some or all of that mortgage into equity ownership interests. At December 31, 2011, we owned no convertible mortgages or joint venture interests.

        We may not achieve some or all of our investment objectives.

        Because we are a REIT, we generally may not operate our properties. We or our tenants have entered into arrangements for operation of our properties. REIT tax law changes known as the REIT Modernization Act, or the RMA, were enacted and became effective January 1, 2001. The RMA, among other things, allows a REIT to lease hotels to a TRS if the hotel is managed by a third party. As of December 31, 2011, 233 of our hotels were leased to our TRSs and managed by third parties. Any income realized by a TRS in excess of the rent paid to us by the subsidiary is subject to income tax at customary corporate rates. As, and if, the financial performance of the hotels operated for the account of our TRSs improves, these taxes may become material.


ACQUISITION POLICIES

        We intend to pursue growth through the acquisition of additional properties. Generally, we prefer to purchase multiple properties in one transaction because we believe a single management or lease agreement, cross default covenants and all or none renewal rights for multiple properties in diverse locations enhance the credit characteristics and the security of our investments. In implementing our acquisition strategy, we consider a range of factors relating to proposed property purchases including:

    Historical and projected cash flows;

    The competitive market environment and the current or potential market position of each property;

    The availability of a qualified operator or lessee;

    The financial strength of the proposed operator or lessee;

    The amount and type of financial support available from the proposed operator or lessee;

    The property's design, physical condition and age;

    The estimated replacement cost and proposed acquisition price of the property;

    The reputation of the particular management organization, if any, with which the property is or may become affiliated;

    The level of services and amenities offered at the property;

    The proposed management agreement or lease terms; and

    The brand under which the property operates or is expected to operate.

        In determining the competitive position of a property, we examine the proximity and convenience of the property to its expected customer base, the number and characteristics of competitive properties within the property's market area and the existence of barriers to entry within that market, including

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site availability and zoning restrictions. While we have historically focused on the acquisition of upscale limited service, extended stay and full service hotel properties and, more recently, full service travel centers, we consider acquisitions in all segments of the hospitality industry. An important part of our acquisition strategy is to identify and select, or create, qualified, experienced and financially stable operators.

        Whenever we purchase an individual property or a small number of properties, we attempt to arrange for these properties to be added to agreements covering, and operated in combination with, properties we already own.

        We have no policies which specifically limit the percentage of our assets that may be invested in any individual property, in any one type of property, in properties operated by or leased to any one entity or in properties operated by or leased to an affiliated group of entities.

        As stated above, our initial investment in travel center real estate was structured as the acquisition of an entire company, retention of the real estate and the creation of an operating company tenant. In making this type of acquisition, we have generally applied the same analysis described herein to real estate we retained.

        We have in the past considered, and may in the future consider, the possibility of entering into mergers or strategic combinations with other companies. A principal goal of any such transaction may be to further diversify our revenue sources and increase our cash flow from operations.


DISPOSITION POLICIES

        In the past, we have occasionally sold a property or exchanged properties which we own for different properties. As of December 31, 2011, we had 21 hotels being marketed for sale with a carrying value of $123.0 million; however, subsequent to December 31, 2011, we entered discussions with Marriott about retaining certain of these hotels in our Marriott No. 234 Contract. On February 10, 2012, we entered an agreement to sell our Marriott branded hotel in St. Louis, Missouri. We also continue to evaluate plans to either sell or rebrand 42 InterContinental hotels, including the conversion of certain hotels to the Sonesta brand and management. We may identify additional properties for sale in the future. We currently make decisions to dispose of properties based on factors including, but not limited to, the following:

    Potential opportunities to increase revenues and property values by reinvesting sale proceeds;

    The proposed sale price;

    Capital required to maintain the property;

    The strategic fit of the property with the rest of our portfolio and with our plans;

    Our operator's or tenant's desire to cease operation of the property; and

    The existence of alternative sources, uses or needs for capital.


FINANCING POLICIES

        Although there are no limitations in our organizational documents on the amount of indebtedness we may incur, our $750 million unsecured revolving credit facility and our unsecured term debt and convertible notes indenture and its supplements contain financial covenants which, among other things, restrict our ability to incur indebtedness and require us to maintain certain financial ratios and a minimum net worth. We currently intend to pursue our growth strategies while maintaining debt that is between 40% and 50% of our total book capitalization. We may from time to time re-evaluate and modify our financing policies in light of then current economic conditions, relative availability and costs

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of debt and equity capital, market values of properties, growth and acquisition opportunities and other factors; and we may increase or decrease our ratio of debt to total capitalization accordingly.

        Our Board of Trustees may determine to obtain a replacement for our current credit facility or to seek additional capital through equity offerings, interim or long term debt financings or retention of cash flows in excess of distributions to shareholders, or a combination of these methods. To the extent that our Board of Trustees decides to obtain additional debt financing, we may do so on an unsecured basis or a secured basis. We may seek to obtain other lines of credit or to issue securities senior to our common and/or preferred shares, including preferred shares of beneficial interest and debt securities, either of which may be convertible into common shares or be accompanied by warrants to purchase common shares, or to engage in transactions which may involve a sale or other conveyance of hotels to subsidiaries or to unaffiliated entities. We may finance acquisitions through an exchange of properties or through the issuance of additional common shares or other securities. The proceeds from any of our financings may be used to pay distributions, to provide working capital, to refinance existing indebtedness or to finance acquisitions and expansions of existing or new properties.


OTHER INFORMATION

        Manager.    Our day to day operations are conducted by RMR. RMR originates and presents investment and divestment opportunities to our Board of Trustees and provides management and administrative services to us. RMR is a Delaware limited liability company beneficially owned by Barry M. Portnoy and Adam D. Portnoy, our Managing Trustees. RMR has a principal place of business at Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, Massachusetts 02458-1634, and its telephone number is (617) 796-8390. RMR also acts as the manager to CommonWealth REIT, or CWH, Senior Housing Properties Trust, or SNH, and Government Properties Income Trust, or GOV, and provides management services to other public and private companies, including Five Star Quality Care, Inc., or Five Star, TA and Sonesta. Barry M. Portnoy is the Chairman of RMR, and its other directors are Adam D. Portnoy, Gerard M. Martin, formerly one of our Managing Trustees, and David J. Hegarty. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the executive officers of RMR are: Adam D. Portnoy, President and Chief Executive Officer; Jennifer B. Clark, Executive Vice President and General Counsel; David J. Hegarty, Executive Vice President and Secretary; Mark L. Kleifges, Executive Vice President; Bruce J. Mackey Jr., Executive Vice President; John A. Mannix, Executive Vice President; John G. Murray, Executive Vice President; Thomas M. O'Brien, Executive Vice President; John C. Popeo, Executive Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer; David M. Blackman, Senior Vice President; Ethan S. Bornstein, Senior Vice President; Richard A. Doyle, Senior Vice President; Paul V. Hoagland, Senior Vice President; Vern D. Larkin, Senior Vice President; David M. Lepore, Senior Vice President; Andrew J. Rebholz, Senior Vice President and Mark R. Young, Senior Vice President. Ethan S. Bornstein, Mark L. Kleifges and John G. Murray are also our executive officers. Other executive officers of RMR also serve as officers of other companies to which RMR provides management services. Mr. Kleifges, our Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer, also serves as Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of GOV.

        Employees.    We have no employees. Services which would otherwise be provided by employees are provided by RMR and by our Managing Trustees and officers. As of February 28, 2012, RMR had approximately 740 full time employees, including a headquarters staff and regional offices and other personnel located throughout the United States.

        Competition.    The hotel industry is highly competitive. Generally our hotels are located in areas that include other hotels. Increases in the number of hotels in a particular area could have a material adverse effect on the occupancy and daily room rates at our hotels located in that area. Agreements with the operators of our hotels sometimes restrict the right of each operator and its affiliates for periods of time to own, build, operate, franchise or manage other hotels of the same brand within various specified areas around our hotels. Under these agreements, neither the operators nor their affiliates are usually restricted from operating other brands of hotels in the market areas of any of our

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hotels, and after such period of time, the operators and their affiliates may also compete with our hotels by opening, managing or franchising additional hotels under the same brand name in direct competition with our hotels.

        The travel center and truck stop industry is highly competitive. Although there are in excess of 6,000 travel centers and truck stops in the U.S., we understand TA believes that large trucking fleets and long haul trucking fleets tend to purchase the large majority of their fuel at the travel centers and truck stops that are located at or near interstate highway exits and from TA and their largest competitors, Pilot Flying J Inc. and Love's Travel Stops & Country Stores. Long haul truck drivers can obtain fuel and non-fuel products and services from a variety of sources, including regional full service travel centers and pumper only truck stop chains, independently owned and operated truck stops, some large gas stations and trucking company terminals that provide fuel and services to their own trucking fleets. In addition, our travel centers compete with other truck repair and maintenance facilities, full service restaurants, travel and convenience stores, and could face additional competition from state owned interstate highway rest areas, if commercialized. The largest competitor of our travel centers is Pilot Flying J Inc., which resulted from the July 2010 merger of the companies that had then been the first and second largest companies in TA's industry based on fuel sales volumes. As a result of the Pilot Flying J Inc. combination, our travel centers may see increased competitive pressure, especially for large trucking fleets and long haul trucking fleets, that could negatively impact TA's ability to pay rents due to us.

        We expect to compete for property acquisition and financing opportunities with entities which may have substantially greater financial resources than us, including, without limitation, other REITs, operating companies in the hospitality industry, banks, insurance companies, pension plans and public and private partnerships. These entities may be able to accept more risk than we can prudently manage, including risks with respect to the creditworthiness of property operators and the extent of leverage used in their capital structure. Such competition may reduce the number of suitable property acquisition or financing opportunities available to us or increase the bargaining power of property owners seeking to sell or finance their properties.

        Environmental and Climate Change Matters.    Under various laws, owners as well as tenants and operators of real estate may be required to investigate and clean up or remove hazardous substances present at or migrating from properties they own, lease or operate and may be held liable for property damage or personal injuries that result from hazardous substances. These laws also expose us to the possibility that we may become liable to reimburse governments for damages and costs they incur in connection with hazardous substances. Our travel centers include fueling areas, truck repair and maintenance facilities and tanks for the storage of petroleum products and other hazardous substances, all of which create a potential for environmental damages. We reviewed environmental surveys and other studies of the properties we own prior to their purchase. Based upon those reviews we do not believe that there are environmental conditions at any of our properties that have had or will have a material adverse effect on us. Under the terms of our management agreements and leases, our tenants and operators have agreed to indemnify us from all environmental liabilities arising during the term of the agreements. However, no assurances can be given that conditions are not present at our properties or that costs we may be required to incur in the future to remediate contamination will not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition. Moreover, our tenants and operators may not have sufficient resources to pay environmental liabilities.

        The ongoing political debate about climate change has resulted in various treaties, laws and regulations which are intended to limit carbon emissions. We believe these laws being enacted or proposed may cause energy costs at our hotel and travel center properties to increase. We do not expect the direct impact of these increases to be material to our results of operations, because the increased costs either would be the responsibility of our tenants or operators directly or in the longer term, passed through and paid by customers of our properties. Although we do not believe it is likely

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in the foreseeable future, laws enacted to mitigate climate change may make some of our buildings obsolete or cause us to make material investments in our properties, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition or the financial condition of our tenants or operators and their ability to pay rent or returns to us. For more information, see "Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business—Acquisition and ownership of real estate is subject to environmental and climate change risks, and compliance with environmental and climate change laws may be costly".

        Internet Website.    Our internet website address is www.hptreit.com. Copies of our governance guidelines, code of business conduct and ethics, or our Code of Conduct, policy outlining procedures for handling concerns or complaints about accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the charters of our audit, compensation and nominating and governance committees are posted on our website and also may be obtained free of charge by writing to our Secretary, Hospitality Properties Trust, Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, MA 02458-1634 or at our website. We make available, free of charge, on our website, our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after these forms are filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Any shareholder or other interested party who desires to communicate with our non-management Trustees, individually or as a group, may do so by filling out a report on our website. Our Board of Trustees also provides a process for security holders to send communications to the entire Board of Trustees. Information about the process for sending communications to our Board of Trustees can be found on our website. Our website address is included several times in this Annual Report on Form 10-K as a textual reference only and the information in the website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

        Segment Information.    As of December 31, 2011, we had two operating segments, hotel real estate investments and travel center real estate investments. See our consolidated financial statements included in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further financial information on our operating segments.


FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

        The following summary of federal income tax considerations is based on existing law, and is limited to investors who own our shares as investment assets rather than as inventory or as property used in a trade or business. The summary does not discuss all of the particular tax consequences that might be relevant to you if you are subject to special rules under federal income tax law, for example if you are:

    a bank, insurance company, regulated investment company, REIT or other financial institution;

    a broker, dealer or trader in securities or foreign currency;

    a person who has a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar;

    a person who acquires our shares in connection with employment or other performance of services;

    a person subject to alternative minimum tax;

    a person who owns our shares as part of a straddle, hedging transaction, constructive sale transaction, constructive ownership transaction, or conversion transaction; or

    except as specifically described in the following summary, a tax-exempt entity or a foreign person.

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        The sections of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the IRC, that govern federal income tax qualification and treatment of a REIT and its shareholders are complex. This presentation is a summary of applicable IRC provisions, related rules and regulations and administrative and judicial interpretations, all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect. Future legislative, judicial, or administrative actions or decisions could also affect the accuracy of statements made in this summary. We have not received a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, with respect to any matter described in this summary, and we cannot assure you that the IRS or a court will agree with the statements made in this summary. The IRS or a court could, for example, take a different position from that described in this summary with respect to our acquisitions, operations, restructurings or other matters, which, if successful, could result in significant tax liabilities for applicable parties. In addition, this summary is not exhaustive of all possible tax consequences, and does not discuss any estate, gift, state, local, or foreign tax consequences. For all these reasons, we urge you and any prospective acquiror of our shares to consult with a tax advisor about the federal income tax and other tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our shares. Our intentions and beliefs described in this summary are based upon our understanding of applicable laws and regulations that are in effect as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. If new laws or regulations are enacted which impact us directly or indirectly, we may change our intentions or beliefs.

        Your federal income tax consequences may differ depending on whether or not you are a "U.S. shareholder." For purposes of this summary, a "U.S. shareholder" is:

    a citizen or resident of the United States, including an alien individual who is a lawful permanent resident of the United States or meets the substantial presence residency test under the federal income tax laws;

    an entity treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes that is created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia;

    an estate the income of which is subject to federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

    a trust if a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more United States persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust, or an electing trust in existence on August 20, 1996, to the extent provided in Treasury regulations;

whose status as a U.S. shareholder is not overridden by an applicable tax treaty. Conversely, a "non-U.S. shareholder" is a beneficial owner of our shares who is not a U.S. shareholder. If a partnership (including any entity treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes) is a beneficial owner of our shares, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership generally will depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A beneficial owner that is a partnership and partners in such a partnership should consult their tax advisors about the federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our shares.

Taxation as a REIT

        We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the IRC, commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 1995. Our REIT election, assuming continuing compliance with the then applicable qualification tests, continues in effect for subsequent taxable years. Although no assurance can be given, we believe that we have been organized and have operated, and will continue to be organized and to operate, in a manner that qualified and will continue to qualify us to be taxed under the IRC as a REIT.

        As a REIT, we generally are not subject to federal income tax on our net income distributed as dividends to our shareholders. Distributions to our shareholders generally are included in their income as dividends to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits. Our dividends are not

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generally entitled to the favorable 15% rate on qualified dividend income (scheduled to increase to ordinary income rates for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012), but a portion of our dividends may be treated as capital gain dividends, all as explained below. No portion of any of our dividends is eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate shareholders. Distributions in excess of current or accumulated earnings and profits generally are treated for federal income tax purposes as returns of capital to the extent of a recipient shareholder's basis in our shares, and will reduce this basis. Our current or accumulated earnings and profits are generally allocated first to distributions made on our preferred shares, and thereafter to distributions made on our common shares. For all these purposes, our distributions include both cash distributions and any in kind distributions of property that we might make, for example, our January 2007 spin off of TA to our common shareholders.

        The conversion formula of our Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares and our convertible senior notes may be adjusted under a number of circumstances; adjustments may include changes in the type or amount of consideration a holder receives upon conversion. Section 305 of the IRC treats some of these adjustments as constructive distributions, in which case they would be taxable in a similar manner to actual distributions. In general, a holder of our Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or our convertible senior notes would be deemed to receive a constructive distribution if the conversion price is adjusted for a taxable distribution to the holders of common shares. Such a holder's adjusted tax basis in, as applicable, the Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or the convertible senior notes would be increased by constructive distributions that are taxable as dividends or gain, and would be unaffected by constructive distributions that are nontaxable returns of capital. Conversely, a failure to appropriately adjust the conversion price of, as applicable, our Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or convertible senior notes could result in a constructive distribution to shareholders that hold our common shares, which would be taxable to them in a similar manner as actual distributions. A holder may also receive a constructive distribution if a conversion of its Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or its convertible senior notes is accompanied by a change in the conversion formula.

        If a shareholder actually or constructively owns none or a small percentage of our common shares, and such shareholder surrenders its preferred shares to us to be repurchased for cash only, then the repurchase of the preferred shares is likely to qualify for sale or exchange treatment because the repurchase would not be "essentially equivalent to a dividend" as defined by the IRC. More specifically, a cash repurchase of preferred shares will be treated under Section 302 of the IRC as a distribution, and hence taxable as a dividend to the extent of our allocable current or accumulated earnings and profits, as discussed above, unless the repurchase satisfies one of the tests set forth in Section 302(b) of the IRC and is therefore treated as a sale or exchange of the repurchased shares. The repurchase will be treated as a sale or exchange if it (1) is "substantially disproportionate" with respect to the surrendering shareholder's ownership in us, (2) results in a "complete termination" of the surrendering shareholder's common and preferred share interest in us, or (3) is "not essentially equivalent to a dividend" with respect to the surrendering shareholder, all within the meaning of Section 302(b) of the IRC. In determining whether any of these tests have been met, a shareholder must generally take into account our common and preferred shares considered to be owned by such shareholder by reason of constructive ownership rules set forth in the IRC, as well as our common and preferred shares actually owned by such shareholder. In addition, if a repurchase is treated as a distribution under the preceding tests, then a shareholder's tax basis in the repurchased preferred shares generally will be transferred to the shareholder's remaining shares of our common or preferred shares, if any, and if such shareholder owns no other shares of our common or preferred shares, such basis generally may be transferred to a related person or may be lost entirely. Because the determination as to whether a shareholder will satisfy any of the tests of Section 302(b) of the IRC depends upon the facts and circumstances at the time that the preferred shares are repurchased, we encourage you to consult your own tax advisor to determine your particular tax treatment.

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        Our counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, has opined that we have been organized and have qualified as a REIT under the IRC for our 1995 through 2011 taxable years, and that our current investments and plan of operation enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the IRC. Our continued qualification and taxation as a REIT will depend upon our compliance with various qualification tests imposed under the IRC and summarized below. While we believe that we will satisfy these tests, our counsel does not review compliance with these tests on a continuing basis. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will be subject to federal income taxation as if we were a C corporation and our shareholders will be taxed like shareholders of C corporations. In this event, we could be subject to significant tax liabilities, and the amount of cash available for distribution to our shareholders could be reduced or eliminated.

        If we qualify as a REIT and meet the tests described below, we generally will not pay federal income tax on amounts we distribute to our shareholders. However, even if we qualify as a REIT, we may be subject to federal tax in the following circumstances:

    We will be taxed at regular corporate rates on any undistributed "real estate investment trust taxable income," including our undistributed net capital gains.

    If our alternative minimum taxable income exceeds our taxable income, we may be subject to the corporate alternative minimum tax on our items of tax preference. This is especially possible where we utilize net operating loss carryovers against taxable income, in that the rules for net operating loss carryovers are generally more stringent under the alternative minimum tax.

    If we have net income from the disposition of "foreclosure property" that is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business or from other nonqualifying income from foreclosure property, we will be subject to tax on this income at the highest regular corporate rate, currently 35%.

    If we have net income from prohibited transactions—that is, dispositions of inventory or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business other than dispositions of foreclosure property and other than dispositions excepted under a statutory safe harbor—we will be subject to tax on this income at a 100% rate.

    If we fail to satisfy the 75% gross income test or the 95% gross income test discussed below, but nonetheless maintain our qualification as a REIT, we will be subject to tax at a 100% rate on the greater of the amount by which we fail the 75% or the 95% test, with adjustments, multiplied by a fraction intended to reflect our profitability.

    If we fail to distribute for any calendar year at least the sum of 85% of our REIT ordinary income for that year, 95% of our REIT capital gain net income for that year, and any undistributed taxable income from prior periods, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the excess of the required distribution over the amounts actually distributed.

    If we acquire an asset from a corporation in a transaction in which our basis in the asset is determined by reference to the basis of the asset in the hands of a present or former C corporation, and if we subsequently recognize gain on the disposition of this asset during a specified period (generally, ten years) beginning on the date on which the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, then we will pay tax at the highest regular corporate tax rate, which is currently 35%, on the lesser of the excess of the fair market value of the asset over the C corporation's basis in the asset on the date the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, or the gain we recognize in the disposition.

    If we acquire a corporation in a transaction where we succeed to its tax attributes, to preserve our status as a REIT we must generally distribute all of the C corporation earnings and profits inherited in that acquisition, if any, not later than the end of our taxable year of the acquisition.

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      However, if we fail to do so, relief provisions would allow us to maintain our status as a REIT provided we distribute any subsequently discovered C corporation earnings and profits and pay an interest charge in respect of the period of delayed distribution. As discussed below, we have acquired C corporations in connection with our acquisition of real estate. In each such acquisition, we have either made an election under Section 338 of the IRC to purge the earnings and profits of the acquired C corporation, or investigated the acquired C corporation and found that it did not have undistributed earnings and profits that we inherited but failed to timely distribute. However, upon review or audit, the IRS may disagree. As summarized below, REITs are permitted within limits to own stock and securities of a "taxable REIT subsidiary." A TRS is separately taxed on its net income as a C corporation, and is subject to limitations on the deductibility of interest expense paid to its REIT parent. In addition, its REIT parent is subject to a 100% tax on the difference between amounts charged and redetermined rents and deductions, including excess interest.

    In 2005, we acquired hotels in Canada and Puerto Rico. Our profits from properties outside of the United States will generally be subject to tax in the local jurisdictions. Under currently applicable law and through available tax concessions, we have minimized the Canadian and Puerto Rican income taxes we must pay, but there can be no assurance that existing law or concessions will be available to us in the future to minimize taxes. If we continue to operate as we do, then we will distribute all of our taxable income to our shareholders such that we will generally not pay federal income tax. As a result, we cannot recover the cost of foreign income taxes imposed on our foreign investments by claiming foreign tax credits against our federal income tax liability. Also, we cannot pass through to our shareholders any foreign tax credits.

        If we fail to qualify or elect not to qualify as a REIT, we will be subject to federal income tax in the same manner as a C corporation. Distributions to our shareholders if we do not qualify as a REIT will not be deductible by us nor will distributions be required under the IRC. In that event, distributions to our shareholders will generally be taxable as ordinary dividends potentially eligible for the 15% income tax rate (scheduled to increase to ordinary income rates for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012) discussed below in "Taxation of U.S. Shareholders" and, subject to limitations in the IRC, will be eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate shareholders. Also, we will generally be disqualified from qualification as a REIT for the four taxable years following disqualification. Our failure to qualify as a REIT for even one year could result in reduction or elimination of distributions to our shareholders, or in our incurring substantial indebtedness or liquidating substantial investments in order to pay the resulting corporate-level taxes. The IRC provides certain relief provisions under which we might avoid automatically ceasing to be a REIT for failure to meet certain REIT requirements, all as discussed in more detail below.

REIT Qualification Requirements

        General Requirements.    Section 856(a) of the IRC defines a REIT as a corporation, trust or association:

    (1)
    that is managed by one or more trustees or directors;

    (2)
    the beneficial ownership of which is evidenced by transferable shares or by transferable certificates of beneficial interest;

    (3)
    that would be taxable, but for Sections 856 through 859 of the IRC, as a C corporation;

    (4)
    that is not a financial institution or an insurance company subject to special provisions of the IRC;

    (5)
    the beneficial ownership of which is held by 100 or more persons;

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    (6)
    that is not "closely held" as defined under the personal holding company stock ownership test, as described below; and

    (7)
    that meets other tests regarding income, assets and distributions, all as described below.

Section 856(b) of the IRC provides that conditions (1) through (4) must be met during the entire taxable year and that condition (5) must be met during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months, or during a pro rata part of a taxable year of less than 12 months. Section 856(h)(2) of the IRC provides that neither condition (5) nor (6) need be met for our first taxable year as a REIT. We believe that we have met conditions (1) through (7) during each of the requisite periods ending on or before the close of our most recently completed taxable year, and that we can continue to meet these conditions in future taxable years. There can, however, be no assurance in this regard.

        By reason of condition (6), we will fail to qualify as a REIT for a taxable year if at any time during the last half of a year more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares is owned directly or indirectly by five or fewer individuals. To help comply with condition (6), our declaration of trust and bylaws restrict transfers of our shares that would otherwise result in concentrated ownership positions. In addition, if we comply with applicable Treasury regulations to ascertain the ownership of our shares and do not know, or by exercising reasonable diligence would not have known, that we failed condition (6), then we will be treated as having met condition (6). However, our failure to comply with these regulations for ascertaining ownership may result in a penalty of $25,000, or $50,000 for intentional violations. Accordingly, we have complied and will continue to comply with these regulations, including requesting annually from record holders of significant percentages of our shares information regarding the ownership of our shares. Under our declaration of trust and bylaws, our shareholders are required to respond to these requests for information.

        For purposes of condition (6), the term "individuals" is defined in the IRC to include natural persons, supplemental unemployment compensation benefit plans, private foundations and portions of a trust permanently set aside or used exclusively for charitable purposes, but not other entities or qualified pension plans or profit-sharing trusts. As a result, REIT shares owned by an entity that is not an "individual" are considered to be owned by the direct and indirect owners of the entity that are individuals (as so defined), rather than to be owned by the entity itself. Similarly, REIT shares held by a qualified pension plan or profit-sharing trust are treated as held directly by the individual beneficiaries in proportion to their actuarial interests in such plan or trust. Consequently, five or fewer such trusts could own more than 50% of the interests in an entity without jeopardizing that entity's federal income tax qualification as a REIT. However, as discussed below, if a REIT is a "pension-held REIT," each qualified pension plan or profit-sharing pension trust owning more than 10% of the REIT's shares by value generally may be taxed on a portion of the dividends it receives from the REIT.

        The IRC provides that we will not automatically fail to be a REIT if we do not meet conditions (1) through (6), provided we can establish reasonable cause for any such failure. Each such excused failure will result in the imposition of a $50,000 penalty instead of REIT disqualification. It is impossible to state whether in all circumstances we would be entitled to the benefit of this relief provision. This relief provision applies to any failure of the applicable conditions, even if the failure first occurred in a prior taxable year.

        Our Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries and Our Investments through Partnerships.    Except in respect of TRSs as discussed below, Section 856 (i) of the IRC provides that any corporation, 100% of whose stock is held by a REIT and its disregarded subsidiaries, is a qualified REIT subsidiary and shall not be treated as a separate corporation. The assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of a qualified REIT subsidiary are treated as the REIT's. We believe that each of our direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, other than the TRSs discussed below, will be either a qualified REIT subsidiary within the meaning of Section 856(i) of the IRC, or a noncorporate entity that for federal income tax purposes is not treated as separate from its owner under regulations issued under

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Section 7701 of the IRC. Thus, except for the TRSs discussed below, in applying all the federal income tax REIT qualification requirements described in this summary, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of our direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries are treated as ours.

        We have invested and may invest in real estate both through one or more entities that are treated as partnerships for federal income tax purposes, including limited or general partnerships, limited liability companies or foreign entities. In the case of a REIT that is a partner in a partnership, regulations under the IRC provide that, for purposes of the REIT qualification requirements regarding income and assets discussed below, the REIT is deemed to own its proportionate share of the assets of the partnership corresponding to the REIT's proportionate capital interest in the partnership and is deemed to be entitled to the income of the partnership attributable to this proportionate share. In addition, for these purposes, the character of the assets and gross income of the partnership generally retain the same character in the hands of the REIT. Accordingly, our proportionate share of the assets, liabilities, and items of income of each partnership in which we are a partner is treated as ours for purposes of the income tests and asset tests discussed below. In contrast, for purposes of the distribution requirement discussed below, we must take into account as a partner our share of the partnership's income as determined under the general federal income tax rules governing partners and partnerships under Sections 701 through 777 of the IRC.

        Taxable REIT Subsidiaries.    We are permitted to own any or all of the securities of a "taxable REIT subsidiary" as defined in Section 856(l) of the IRC, provided that no more than 25% of the total value of our assets, at the close of each quarter, is comprised of our investments in the stock or securities of our TRSs. (For our 2001 through 2008 taxable years, no more than 20% of the total value of our assets, at the close of each quarter, was permitted to be comprised of our investments in the stock or securities of our TRSs; before the introduction of TRSs in 2001, our ability to own separately taxable corporate subsidiaries was more limited.) Among other requirements, a TRS of ours must:

            (1)   be a non-REIT corporation for federal income tax purposes in which we directly or indirectly own shares;

            (2)   join with us in making a TRS election;

            (3)   not directly or indirectly operate or manage a lodging facility or a health care facility; and

            (4)   not directly or indirectly provide to any person, under a franchise, license, or otherwise, rights to any brand name under which any lodging facility or health care facility is operated, except that in limited circumstances a subfranchise, sublicense or similar right can be granted to an independent contractor to operate or manage a lodging facility or, after our 2008 taxable year, a health care facility.

        In addition, a corporation other than a REIT in which a TRS directly or indirectly owns more than 35% of the voting power or value will automatically be treated as a TRS. Subject to the discussion below, we believe that we and each of our TRSs have complied with, and will continue to comply with, on a continuous basis, the requirements for TRS status at all times during which we intend for the subsidiary's TRS election to be in effect, and we believe that the same will be true for any TRS that we later form or acquire.

        Our ownership of stock and securities in TRSs is exempt from the 10% and 5% REIT asset tests discussed below. Also, as discussed below, TRSs can perform services for our tenants without disqualifying the rents we receive from those tenants under the 75% or 95% gross income tests discussed below. Moreover, because TRSs are taxed as C corporations that are separate from us, their assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit generally are not imputed to us for purposes of the REIT qualification requirements described in this summary. Therefore, TRSs can generally undertake third-party management and development activities and activities not related to real estate. Finally, while a REIT is generally limited in its ability to earn qualifying rental income from

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a TRS, a REIT can earn qualifying rental income from the lease of a qualified lodging facility to a TRS if an eligible independent contractor operates the facility, as discussed more fully below. Restrictions are imposed on TRSs to ensure that they will be subject to an appropriate level of federal income taxation. For example, a TRS may not deduct interest paid in any year to an affiliated REIT to the extent that the interest payments exceed, generally, 50% of the TRS's adjusted taxable income for that year. However, the TRS may carry forward the disallowed interest expense to a succeeding year, and deduct the interest in that later year subject to that year's 50% adjusted taxable income limitation. In addition, if a TRS pays interest, rent, or other amounts to its affiliated REIT in an amount that exceeds what an unrelated third party would have paid in an arm's length transaction, then the REIT generally will be subject to an excise tax equal to 100% of the excessive portion of the payment. Finally, if in comparison to an arm's length transaction, a tenant has overpaid rent to the REIT in exchange for underpaying the TRS for services rendered, and if the REIT has not adequately compensated the TRS for services provided to or on behalf of a tenant, then the REIT may be subject to an excise tax equal to 100% of the undercompensation to the TRS. There can be no assurance that arrangements involving our TRSs will not result in the imposition of one or more of these deduction limitations or excise taxes, but we do not believe that we are or will be subject to these impositions.

        Income Tests.    There are two gross income requirements for qualification as a REIT under the IRC:

    At least 75% of our gross income (excluding: (a) gross income from sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale; (b) any income arising from "clearly identified" hedging transactions that we enter into after July 30, 2008 to manage interest rate or price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings we incur to acquire or carry real estate assets; (c) any income arising from "clearly identified" hedging transactions that we enter into after July 30, 2008 primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations relating to any item that qualifies under the 75% or 95% gross income tests (or any property which generates such income or gain); (d) real estate foreign exchange gain (as defined in Section 856(n)(2) of the IRC) that we recognize after July 30, 2008; and (e) income from the repurchase or discharge of indebtedness) must be derived from investments relating to real property, including "rents from real property" as defined under Section 856 of the IRC, interest and gain from mortgages on real property, income and gain from foreclosure property, gain from the sale or other disposition of real property other than dealer property, or dividends and gain from shares in other REITs. When we receive new capital in exchange for our shares or in a public offering of five-year or longer debt instruments, income attributable to the temporary investment of this new capital in stock or a debt instrument, if received or accrued within one year of our receipt of the new capital, is generally also qualifying income under the 75% gross income test.

    At least 95% of our gross income (excluding: (a) gross income from sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale; (b) any income arising from "clearly identified" hedging transactions that we enter into to manage interest rate or price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings we incur to acquire or carry real estate assets; (c) any income arising from "clearly identified" hedging transactions that we enter into after July 30, 2008 primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations relating to any item that qualifies under the 75% or 95% gross income tests (or any property which generates such income or gain); (d) passive foreign exchange gain (as defined in Section 856(n)(3) of the IRC) that we recognize after July 30, 2008; and (e) income from the repurchase or discharge of indebtedness) must be derived from a combination of items of real property income that satisfy the 75% gross income test described above, dividends, interest, or gains from the sale or disposition of stock, securities, or real property.

For purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests outlined above, income derived from a "shared appreciation provision" in a mortgage loan is generally treated as gain recognized on the sale of the

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property to which it relates. Although we will use our best efforts to ensure that the income generated by our investments will be of a type that satisfies both the 75% and 95% gross income tests, there can be no assurance in this regard.

        In order to qualify as "rents from real property" under Section 856 of the IRC, several requirements must be met:

    The amount of rent received generally must not be based on the income or profits of any person, but may be based on receipts or sales.

    Rents do not qualify if the REIT owns 10% or more by vote or value of the tenant, whether directly or after application of attribution rules. While we intend not to lease property to any party if rents from that property would not qualify as rents from real property, application of the 10% ownership rule is dependent upon complex attribution rules and circumstances that may be beyond our control. For example, an unaffiliated third party's ownership directly or by attribution of 10% or more by value of our shares, as well as an ownership position in the stock of one of our tenants which, when added to our own ownership position in that tenant, totals 10% or more by vote or value of the stock of that tenant, would result in that tenant's rents not qualifying as rents from real property; in this regard, we already own close to, but less than, 10% of the outstanding common shares of TA, and TA has undertaken to limit its redemptions and repurchases of outstanding common shares so that we do not come to own 10% or more of its outstanding common shares. Our declaration of trust and bylaws disallow transfers or purported acquisitions, directly or by attribution, of our shares to the extent necessary to maintain our REIT status under the IRC. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that these provisions in our declaration of trust and bylaws will be effective to prevent our REIT status from being jeopardized under the 10% affiliated tenant rule. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that we will be able to monitor and enforce these restrictions, nor will our shareholders necessarily be aware of ownership of shares attributed to them under the IRC's attribution rules.

    There is a limited exception to the above prohibition on earning "rents from real property" from a 10% affiliated tenant, if the tenant is a TRS. If at least 90% of the leased space of a property is leased to tenants other than TRSs and 10% affiliated tenants, and if the TRS's rent for space at that property is substantially comparable to the rents paid by nonaffiliated tenants for comparable space at the property, then otherwise qualifying rents paid by the TRS to the REIT will not be disqualified on account of the rule prohibiting 10% affiliated tenants.

    There is an additional exception to the above prohibition on earning "rents from real property" from a 10% affiliated tenant. For this additional exception to apply, a real property interest in a "qualified lodging facility" must be leased by the REIT to its TRS, and the facility must be operated on behalf of the TRS by a person who is an "eligible independent contractor," all as described in Section 856(d)(8)-(9) of the IRC. As described below, we believe our leases with our TRSs have satisfied and will continue to satisfy these requirements.

    In order for rents to qualify, we generally must not manage the property or furnish or render services to the tenants of the property, except through an independent contractor from whom we derive no income or through one of our TRSs. There is an exception to this rule permitting a REIT to perform customary tenant services of the sort that a tax-exempt organization could perform without being considered in receipt of "unrelated business taxable income" as defined in Section 512(b)(3) of the IRC. In addition, a de minimis amount of noncustomary services will not disqualify income as "rents from real property" so long as the value of the impermissible services does not exceed 1% of the gross income from the property.

    If rent attributable to personal property leased in connection with a lease of real property is 15% or less of the total rent received under the lease, then the rent attributable to personal

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      property will qualify as "rents from real property"; if this 15% threshold is exceeded, the rent attributable to personal property will not so qualify. The portion of rental income treated as attributable to personal property is determined according to the ratio of the fair market value of the personal property to the total fair market value of the real and personal property that is rented.

We believe that all or substantially all our rents have qualified and will qualify as rents from real property for purposes of Section 856 of the IRC, subject to the considerations in the following paragraph.

        We have received opinions from our counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, that (a) our underground storage tanks should constitute real estate, rather than personal property, for purposes of the various REIT qualification tests described in this summary, and (b) with respect to each of our leases with TA, although the matter is not free from doubt, for purposes of applying the 15% incidental personal property test above, regarding rent attributable to incidental personal property leased in connection with real property, the test will be applied in the aggregate to all the travel center sites leased under each such lease on a lease by lease basis, rather than on a site by site basis. If the IRS or a court determines that one or both of these opinions is incorrect, then a portion of the rental income we receive from TA could be nonqualifying income for purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests, possibly jeopardizing our compliance with the 95% gross income test. Under those circumstances, however, we expect we would qualify for the gross income tests' relief provision described below, and thereby would preserve our qualification as a REIT. If the relief provision below were to apply to us, we would be subject to tax at a 100% rate on the amount by which we failed the 95% gross income test, with adjustments, multiplied by a fraction intended to reflect our profitability for the taxable year; however, in a typical taxable year, we have little or no nonqualifying income from other sources and thus would expect to owe little tax in such circumstances.

        In order to qualify as mortgage interest on real property for purposes of the 75% test, interest must derive from a mortgage loan secured by real property with a fair market value, at the time the loan is made, at least equal to the amount of the loan. If the amount of the loan exceeds the fair market value of the real property, the interest will be treated as interest on a mortgage loan in a ratio equal to the ratio of the fair market value of the real property to the total amount of the mortgage loan.

        Amounts payable to us under agreements relating to the Canadian hotels we acquired in 2005 may be determined by reference to revenue and expenditure items denominated in Canadian dollars. Real estate foreign exchange gains recognized after July 30, 2008 are not considered in the 75% and 95% gross income tests summarized above. For exchange gains recognized prior to July 31, 2008, there was a lack of precise authority. However, because amounts paid to us, as opposed to our TRS, under these Canadian hotel agreements are denominated in U.S. dollars and determined by reference to more than just exchange rates, we believe that we did not have material amounts of exchange gains in respect of our Canadian investments from 2005 through July 30, 2008.

        Our January 31, 2007 spin off of TA was treated for federal income tax purposes as though we disposed of each of the individual assets of TA and its principal subsidiaries in a taxable transaction in which individual asset gains, but not losses, were recognized. The amount realized on each asset in this taxable disposition was equal to the fair market value of that asset at the time of the spin off, and our tax basis in the asset was the carryover tax basis inherited from TravelCenters of America, Inc., or TravelCenters. For these purposes, the assets and liabilities of any TRSs are ignored, and instead the stock in the TRS is treated like any other individual asset being distributed. Even though some of the gains we recognized on the distributed assets were not qualifying gross income under the 75% and 95% gross income tests of Section 856(c) of the IRC, we do not believe the recognized gains from the distribution materially affected our ability to comply with these tests.

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        Absent the "foreclosure property" rules of Section 856(e) of the IRC, a REIT's receipt of business operating income from a property would not qualify under the 75% and 95% gross income tests. But as foreclosure property, gross income from such a business operation would so qualify. In the case of property leased by a REIT to a tenant, foreclosure property is defined under applicable Treasury regulations to include generally the real property and incidental personal property that the REIT reduces to possession upon a default or imminent default under the lease by the tenant, and as to which a foreclosure property election is made by attaching an appropriate statement to the REIT's federal income tax return. Any gain that a REIT recognizes on the sale of foreclosure property held as inventory or primarily for sale to customers, plus any income it receives from foreclosure property that would not qualify under the 75% gross income test in the absence of foreclosure property treatment, reduced by expenses directly connected with the production of those items of income, would be subject to income tax at the maximum corporate rate, currently 35%, under the foreclosure property income tax rules of Section 857(b)(4) of the IRC. Thus, if a REIT should lease foreclosure property in exchange for rent that qualifies as "rents from real property" as described above, then that rental income is not subject to the foreclosure property income tax.

        Other than sales of foreclosure property, any gain we realize on the sale of property held as inventory or other property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business will be treated as income from a prohibited transaction that is subject to a penalty tax at a 100% rate. This prohibited transaction income also may adversely affect our ability to satisfy the 75% and 95% gross income tests for federal income tax qualification as a REIT. We cannot provide assurances as to whether or not the IRS might successfully assert that one or more of our dispositions is subject to the 100% penalty tax. However, we believe that dispositions of assets that we have made or that we might make in the future will not be subject to the 100% penalty tax, because we intend to:

    own our assets for investment with a view to long-term income production and capital appreciation;

    engage in the business of developing, owning, leasing and managing our existing properties and acquiring, developing, owning, leasing and managing new properties; and

    make occasional dispositions of our assets consistent with our long-term investment objectives.

        If we fail to satisfy one or both of the 75% or the 95% gross income tests in any taxable year, we may nevertheless qualify as a REIT for that year if we satisfy the following requirements:

    our failure to meet the test is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect, and

    after we identify the failure, we file a schedule describing each item of our gross income included in the 75% or 95% gross income tests for that taxable year.

It is impossible to state whether in all circumstances we would be entitled to the benefit of this relief provision for the 75% and 95% gross income tests. Even if this relief provision does apply, a 100% tax is imposed upon the greater of the amount by which we failed the 75% test or the 95% test, with adjustments, multiplied by a fraction intended to reflect our profitability. This relief provision applies to any failure of the applicable income tests, even if the failure first occurred in a year prior to the taxable year in which the failure was discovered.

        Asset Tests.    At the close of each quarter of each taxable year, we must also satisfy the following asset percentage tests in order to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes:

    At least 75% of our total assets must consist of real estate assets, cash and cash items, shares in other REITs, government securities, and temporary investments of new capital (that is, stock or debt instruments purchased with proceeds of a stock offering or a public offering of our debt with a term of at least five years, but only for the one-year period commencing with our receipt of the offering proceeds).

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    Not more than 25% of our total assets may be represented by securities other than those securities that count favorably toward the preceding 75% asset test.

    Of the investments included in the preceding 25% asset class, the value of any one non-REIT issuer's securities that we own may not exceed 5% of the value of our total assets. In addition, we may not own more than 10% of the vote or value of any one non-REIT issuer's outstanding securities, unless that issuer is our TRS or the securities are "straight debt" securities or otherwise excepted as discussed below.

    Our stock and securities in a TRS are exempted from the preceding 10% and 5% asset tests. However, no more than 25% (for our 2008 taxable year and earlier, 20%) of our total assets may be represented by stock or securities of TRSs.

        When a failure to satisfy the above asset tests results from an acquisition of securities or other property during a quarter, the failure can be cured by disposition of sufficient nonqualifying assets within 30 days after the close of that quarter.

        In addition, if we fail the 5% value test or the 10% vote or value tests at the close of any quarter and do not cure such failure within 30 days after the close of that quarter, that failure will nevertheless be excused if (a) the failure is de minimis and (b) within 6 months after the last day of the quarter in which we identify the failure, we either dispose of the assets causing the failure or otherwise satisfy the 5% value and 10% vote and value asset tests. For purposes of this relief provision, the failure will be "de minimis" if the value of the assets causing the failure does not exceed the lesser of (a) 1% of the total value of our assets at the end of the relevant quarter or (b) $10,000,000. If our failure is not de minimis, or if any of the other REIT asset tests have been violated, we may nevertheless qualify as a REIT if (a) we provide the IRS with a description of each asset causing the failure, (b) the failure was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect, (c) we pay a tax equal to the greater of (1) $50,000 or (2) the highest rate of corporate tax imposed (currently 35%) on the net income generated by the assets causing the failure during the period of the failure, and (d) within 6 months after the last day of the quarter in which we identify the failure, we either dispose of the assets causing the failure or otherwise satisfy all of the REIT asset tests. These relief provisions apply to any failure of the applicable asset tests, even if the failure first occurred in a year prior to the taxable year in which the failure was discovered.

        The IRC also provides an excepted securities safe harbor to the 10% value test that includes among other items (a) "straight debt" securities, (b) certain rental agreements in which payment is to be made in subsequent years, (c) any obligation to pay rents from real property, (d) securities issued by governmental entities that are not dependent in whole or in part on the profits of or payments from a nongovernmental entity, and (e) any security issued by another REIT.

        We have maintained and will continue to maintain records of the value of our assets to document our compliance with the above asset tests, and intend to take actions as may be required to cure any failure to satisfy the tests within 30 days after the close of any quarter.

        Our Relationship with TA.    On January 31, 2007, we spun off all the then outstanding TA common shares. Under the transaction agreement that governed the spin off, TA will generally be responsible for the tax filings and liabilities, including federal income tax filings and liabilities, of TravelCenters and its subsidiaries for the periods ending on or before the distribution date. Because TA and its principal subsidiaries were entities which were not regarded as separate from us for tax purposes prior to the spin off, TA and these subsidiaries immediately after the spin off were (and expected thereafter to remain) tenants in whom we have at all times during each taxable year an actual and constructive ownership interest of less than 10% by vote and by value. On August 11, 2008, we entered into a rent deferral agreement with TA under which TA had the option to defer specified monthly rent payments from July 1, 2008 through December 31, 2010. In exchange, TA issued 1,540,000 shares to us then

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equal to approximately 9.5% of its outstanding shares (we own approximately 8.8% of TA's outstanding shares as of December 31, 2011), determined after this new issuance. On January 31, 2011, we entered into an amendment agreement with TA to modify the terms of our leases with TA. Our leases with TA, TA's limited liability company operating agreement, the transaction agreement governing the spin off, the rent deferral agreement and the amendment agreement collectively contain restrictions upon the ownership of TA common shares and require TA to refrain from taking any actions that may result in any affiliation with us that would jeopardize our qualification as a REIT under the IRC. Accordingly, subject to the personal property considerations discussed above and commencing with the January 31, 2007 spin off, we expect that the rental income we receive from TA and its subsidiaries will be "rents from real property" under Section 856(d) of the IRC, and therefore qualifying income under the 75% and 95% gross income tests described above.

        Our Relationship with Our Taxable REIT Subsidiaries.    We currently own hotels that we purchased to be leased to our TRSs or which are being leased to our TRSs as a result of modifications to, or expirations of, a prior lease, all as agreed to by applicable parties. We may from time to time in the future lease additional hotels that we acquire in this manner. In connection with lease defaults or expirations, we terminated occupancy of some of our hotels by defaulting or expiring tenants and immediately leased these hotels to our TRSs and entered into new, or continued with existing, third party management agreements for these hotels. We may in the future employ similar arrangements if we again face lease defaults or expirations.

        In transactions involving our TRSs, our intent is that the rents paid to us by the TRS qualify as "rents from real property" under the REIT gross income tests summarized above. In order for this to be the case, the manager operating on behalf of the applicable TRS must be an "eligible independent contractor" within the meaning of Section 856(d)(9)(A) of the IRC, and the hotels leased to the TRS must be "qualified lodging facilities" within the meaning of Section 856(d)(9)(D) of the IRC. Qualified lodging facilities are defined as hotels, motels, or other establishments where more than half of the dwelling units are used on a transient basis, provided that legally authorized wagering or gambling activities are not conducted at or in connection with such facilities. Also included in the definition are the qualified lodging facility's customary amenities and facilities.

        For these purposes, a contractor qualifies as an "eligible independent contractor" if it is less than 35% affiliated with the REIT and, at the time the contractor enters into the agreement with the TRS to operate the qualified lodging facility, that contractor or any person related to that contractor is actively engaged in the trade or business of operating qualified lodging facilities for persons unrelated to the TRS or its affiliated REIT. For these purposes, an otherwise eligible independent contractor is not disqualified from that status on account of the TRS bearing the expenses of the operation of the qualified lodging facility, the TRS receiving the revenues from the operation of the qualified lodging facility, net of expenses for that operation and fees payable to the eligible independent contractor, or the REIT receiving income from the eligible independent contractor pursuant to a preexisting or otherwise grandfathered lease of another property.

        We have in the past engaged as an intended eligible independent contractor a manager that manages only a modest number of qualified lodging facilities for parties other than us and our TRSs, and we may in the future again engage such a manager as an intended eligible independent contractor. In the past we received, and in future instances would expect to receive, from our counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, an opinion to the effect that the intended eligible independent contractor should in fact so qualify. But if the IRS or a court determines that the opinion is incorrect, then the rental income we receive from our TRSs in respect of properties managed by ineligible contractors would be nonqualifying income for purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests, possibly jeopardizing our compliance with the 95% gross income test. Under those circumstances, however, we expect we would qualify for the gross income tests' relief provision described above, and thereby would preserve our qualification as a REIT. If the relief provision were to apply to us, we would be subject to tax at a

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100% rate on the amount by which we failed the 95% gross income test, with adjustments, multiplied by a fraction intended to reflect our profitability for the taxable year; even though we have little or no nonqualifying income from other sources in a typical taxable year, imposition of this 100% tax in this circumstance could be material if a material number of the properties leased to our TRSs are managed for the TRSs by ineligible contractors.

        As explained above, we will be subject to a 100% tax if the IRS successfully asserts that the rents paid by our TRS to us exceed an arm's length rental rate. Although there is no clear precedent to distinguish for federal income tax purposes among leases, management contracts, partnerships, financings, and other contractual arrangements, we believe that our leases and our TRSs' management agreements will be respected for purposes of the requirements of the IRC discussed above. Accordingly, we expect that the rental income from our current and future TRSs will qualify as "rents from real property," and that the 100% tax on excessive rents from a TRS will not apply.

        Annual Distribution Requirements.    In order to qualify for taxation as a REIT under the IRC, we are required to make annual distributions other than capital gain dividends to our shareholders in an amount at least equal to the excess of:

            (A)  the sum of 90% of our "real estate investment trust taxable income," as defined in Section 857 of the IRC, computed by excluding any net capital gain and before taking into account any dividends paid deduction for which we are eligible, and 90% of our net income after tax, if any, from property received in foreclosure, over

            (B)  the sum of our qualifying noncash income, e.g., imputed rental income or income from transactions inadvertently failing to qualify as like-kind exchanges.

The distributions must be paid in the taxable year to which they relate, or in the following taxable year if declared before we timely file our federal income tax return for the earlier taxable year and if paid on or before the first regular distribution payment after that declaration. If a dividend is declared in October, November, or December to shareholders of record during one of those months, and is paid during the following January, then for federal income tax purposes the dividend will be treated as having been both paid and received on December 31 of the prior taxable year. A distribution which is not pro rata within a class of our beneficial interests entitled to a distribution, or which is not consistent with the rights to distributions among our classes of beneficial interests, is a preferential distribution that is not taken into consideration for purposes of the distribution requirements, and accordingly the payment of a preferential distribution could affect our ability to meet the distribution requirements. Taking into account our distribution policies, including the dividend reinvestment plan we have adopted, we do not believe that we have made or will make any preferential distributions. The distribution requirements may be waived by the IRS if a REIT establishes that it failed to meet them by reason of distributions previously made to meet the requirements of the 4% excise tax discussed below. To the extent that we do not distribute all of our net capital gain and all of our real estate investment trust taxable income, as adjusted, we will be subject to federal income tax on undistributed amounts.

        In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax to the extent we fail within a calendar year to make required distributions to our shareholders of 85% of our ordinary income and 95% of our capital gain net income plus the excess, if any, of the "grossed up required distribution" for the preceding calendar year over the amount treated as distributed for that preceding calendar year. For this purpose, the term "grossed up required distribution" for any calendar year is the sum of our taxable income for the calendar year without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and all amounts from earlier years that are not treated as having been distributed under the provision. We will be treated as having sufficient earnings and profits to treat as a dividend any distribution by us up to the amount required to be distributed in order to avoid imposition of the 4% excise tax.

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        If we do not have enough cash or other liquid assets to meet the 90% distribution requirements, we may find it necessary and desirable to arrange for new debt or equity financing to provide funds for required distributions in order to maintain our REIT status. We can provide no assurance that financing would be available for these purposes on favorable terms.

        We may be able to rectify a failure to pay sufficient dividends for any year by paying "deficiency dividends" to shareholders in a later year. These deficiency dividends may be included in our deduction for dividends paid for the earlier year, but an interest charge would be imposed upon us for the delay in distribution.

        In addition to the other distribution requirements above, to preserve our status as a REIT we are required to timely distribute C corporation earnings and profits that we inherit from acquired corporations.

        Under Section 108(i) of the IRC, we elected to defer approximately $64 million of 2009 taxable income arising from our repurchase and retirement of a portion of our outstanding debt. We will be required to recognize this deferred income ratably over a five-year period commencing in 2014, subject to possible acceleration upon the occurrence of specified events. As a REIT, the amount and timing of our receipt of earnings and profits generally will follow the amount and timing of our deferred recognition of taxable income pursuant to the election. We do not anticipate that any portion of this deferred amount will be accelerated to a period prior to the five-year period commencing in 2014.

Acquisition of C Corporations

        In 2005, we purchased a hotel in Puerto Rico. In order to acquire the Puerto Rican hotel, we acquired all of the outstanding stock of a C corporation that owned that hotel as its primary asset. Upon our acquisition, the acquired C corporation became our qualified REIT subsidiary under Section 856(i) of the IRC. Thus, after the 2005 acquisition, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of the acquired corporation have been treated as ours for purposes of the various REIT qualification tests described above. In our acquisitions of the stock of C corporations, we are generally treated as the successor to the acquired corporation's federal income tax attributes, such as its adjusted tax bases in its assets and its C corporation earnings and profits. However, because we made an election under Section 338(g) of the IRC in respect of this acquired Puerto Rican corporation, we neither succeeded to its earnings and profits, nor acquired any built-in gain in this former C corporation's assets.

        On January 31, 2007, we acquired all of the outstanding stock of TravelCenters, a C corporation. At the time of that acquisition, this C corporation directly or indirectly owned all of the outstanding equity interests in various corporate and noncorporate subsidiaries. Upon our acquisition, the acquired entities generally became either our qualified REIT subsidiaries under Section 856(i) of the IRC or disregarded entities under Treasury regulations issued under Section 7701 of the IRC. Thus, after the acquisition, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of these acquired entities have been treated as ours for purposes of the various REIT qualification tests described above. In addition, we generally were treated as the successor to these acquired subsidiaries' federal income tax attributes, such as these entities' adjusted tax bases in their assets and their depreciation schedules; we were also treated as the successor to these acquired corporate subsidiaries' earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes, if any. Upon completing the acquisition, we effected a restructuring of the travel center business so as to divide it between us and TA, and we then spun off TA on January 31, 2007.

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        On January 31, 2012, we acquired all of the outstanding stock of a C corporation. At the time of our acquisition, this C corporation directly or indirectly owned all of the outstanding equity interests in corporate and noncorporate subsidiaries. Upon our acquisition, except to the extent we made an applicable TRS election, the acquired entities generally became either our qualified REIT subsidiaries under Section 856(i) of the IRC or disregarded entities under Treasury regulations issued under Section 7701 of the IRC. Thus, after the acquisition, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of these acquired and then disregarded entities have been treated as ours for purposes of the various REIT qualification tests described above. In addition, we generally were treated as the successor to these acquired and then disregarded subsidiaries' federal income tax attributes, such as these entities' adjusted tax bases in their assets and their depreciation schedules; we were also treated as the successor to these acquired and then disregarded subsidiaries' earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes.

        Built-in Gains from C Corporations.    As described above, notwithstanding our qualification and taxation as a REIT, we may still be subject to corporate taxation in particular circumstances. Specifically, if we acquire an asset from a corporation in a transaction in which our adjusted tax basis in the asset is determined by reference to the adjusted tax basis of that asset in the hands of a present or former C corporation, and if we subsequently recognize gain on the disposition of that asset during a specified period (generally, ten years) beginning on the date on which the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, then we will generally pay tax at the highest regular corporate tax rate, currently 35%, on the lesser of (1) the excess, if any, of the asset's fair market value over its adjusted tax basis, each determined as of the time the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, or (2) our gain recognized in the disposition. Accordingly, any taxable disposition of an asset so acquired during the specified period (generally, ten years) could be subject to tax under these rules. However, except as described below, we have not disposed, and have no present plan or intent to dispose, of any material assets acquired in such transactions. In the case of assets acquired in the January 31, 2007 acquisition, any built-in gain subject to tax may generally be reduced by certain net operating loss carryforwards that we inherited. Other than the assets we distributed in the spin off of TA as described above, we have not disposed of, and have no present plan or intent to dispose of, any other assets acquired in the January 31, 2007 acquisition. Although Sullivan & Worcester LLP is unable to render an opinion on factual determinations such as assets' fair market value, we reported only modest taxable gains from the spin off of TA, and net operating loss carryforwards were available to us so as to eliminate any applicable tax on such recognized gains.

        To the extent of our gains in a taxable year that are subject to the built-in gains tax described above, net of any taxes paid on such gains with respect to that taxable year, our taxable dividends paid to you in the following year will be potentially eligible for treatment as qualified dividends that are taxed to our noncorporate U.S. shareholders at the maximum capital gain rate of 15% (scheduled to expire for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012).

        Earnings and Profits.    A REIT may not have any undistributed C corporation earnings and profits at the end of any taxable year. Upon the closing of the January 31, 2007 and January 31, 2012 transactions, we succeeded to the undistributed earnings and profits, if any, of the acquired corporate entities. Thus, we needed, and in the case of the January 31, 2012 transactions we need, to distribute any such earnings and profits no later than the end of the applicable tax year. If we failed or fail to do so, we would not qualify to be taxed as a REIT for that year and a number of years thereafter, unless we are able to rely on the relief provision described below.

        Although Sullivan & Worcester LLP is unable to render an opinion on factual determinations such as the amount of undistributed earnings and profits, we retained accountants to compute the amount of undistributed earnings and profits that we inherited in the January 31, 2007 and January 31, 2012 transactions. Based on these calculations, we believe that we did not inherit any undistributed earnings and profits that remained, or will remain, undistributed at the end of the applicable tax year. However,

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there can be no assurance that the IRS would not, upon subsequent examination, propose adjustments to our calculation of the undistributed earnings and profits that we inherited, including adjustments that might be deemed necessary by the IRS as a result of its examination of the companies we acquired. In any such examination, the IRS might consider all taxable years of the acquired subsidiaries as open for review for purposes of its proposed adjustments. If it is subsequently determined that we had undistributed earnings and profits as of the end of the applicable tax year, we may be eligible for a relief provision similar to the "deficiency dividends" procedure described above. To utilize this relief provision, we would have to pay an interest charge for the delay in distributing the undistributed earnings and profits; in addition, we would be required to distribute to our shareholders, in addition to our other REIT distribution requirements, the amount of the undistributed earnings and profits less the interest charge paid.

Acquisition of Partnership

        In 2007, we acquired all of the limited partnership interests and the general partnership interest of a partnership as well as many of the partnership's noncorporate subsidiary entities. Pursuant to Treasury regulations issued under Section 7701 of the IRC, each of these acquired entities was either a partnership or disregarded entity for federal income tax purposes, and thus upon our acquisition these entities became disregarded entities of ours. Accordingly, after this 2007 acquisition, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of these acquired entities have been treated as ours for purposes of the various REIT qualification tests described above. Our initial tax basis in the acquired assets is our cost for acquiring them, and we believe that we did not succeed to any C corporation earnings and profits in this acquisition.

Depreciation and Federal Income Tax Treatment of Leases

        Our initial tax bases in our assets will generally be our acquisition cost. We will generally depreciate our real property on a straight-line basis over 40 years and our personal property over the applicable shorter periods. These depreciation schedules may vary for properties that we acquire through tax-free or carryover basis acquisitions.

        We are entitled to depreciation deductions from our facilities only if we are treated for federal income tax purposes as the owner of the facilities. This means that the leases of the facilities must be classified for federal income tax purposes as true leases, rather than as sales or financing arrangements, and we believe this to be the case. In the case of sale-leaseback arrangements, the IRS could assert that we realized prepaid rental income in the year of purchase to the extent that the value of a leased property, at the time of purchase, exceeded the purchase price for that property. While we believe that the value of leased property at the time of purchase did not exceed purchase prices, because of the lack of clear precedent we cannot provide assurances as to whether the IRS might successfully assert the existence of prepaid rental income in any of our sale-leaseback transactions.

Taxation of U.S. Shareholders

        For noncorporate U.S. shareholders, the maximum federal income tax rate for long-term capital gains is generally 15% (scheduled to increase to 20% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012) and for most corporate dividends is generally also 15% (scheduled to increase to ordinary income rates for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012). However, because we are not generally subject to federal income tax on the portion of our REIT taxable income or capital gains distributed to our shareholders, dividends on our shares generally are not eligible for such 15% tax rate on dividends while that rate is in effect. As a result, our ordinary dividends continue to be taxed at the higher

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federal income tax rates applicable to ordinary income. However, the favorable federal income tax rates for long-term capital gains, and while in effect, for dividends, generally apply to:

    (1)
    your long-term capital gains, if any, recognized on the disposition of our shares;

    (2)
    our distributions designated as long-term capital gain dividends (except to the extent attributable to real estate depreciation recapture, in which case the distributions are subject to a maximum 25% federal income tax rate);

    (3)
    our dividends attributable to dividends, if any, received by us from non-REIT corporations such as TRSs; and

    (4)
    our dividends to the extent attributable to income upon which we have paid federal corporate income tax.

        As long as we qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, a distribution to our U.S. shareholders (including any constructive distributions on our common shares, on our Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or on our senior convertible notes) that we do not designate as a capital gain dividend will be treated as an ordinary income dividend to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits. Distributions made out of our current or accumulated earnings and profits that we properly designate as capital gain dividends generally will be taxed as long-term capital gains, as discussed below, to the extent they do not exceed our actual net capital gain for the taxable year. However, corporate shareholders may be required to treat up to 20% of any capital gain dividend as ordinary income under Section 291 of the IRC.

        In addition, we may elect to retain net capital gain income and treat it as constructively distributed. In that case:

    (1)
    we will be taxed at regular corporate capital gains tax rates on retained amounts;

    (2)
    each U.S. shareholder will be taxed on its designated proportionate share of our retained net capital gains as though that amount were distributed and designated a capital gain dividend;

    (3)
    each U.S. shareholder will receive a credit for its designated proportionate share of the tax that we pay;

    (4)
    each U.S. shareholder will increase its adjusted basis in our shares by the excess of the amount of its proportionate share of these retained net capital gains over its proportionate share of the tax that we pay; and

    (5)
    both we and our corporate shareholders will make commensurate adjustments in our respective earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes.

        If we elect to retain our net capital gains in this fashion, we will notify our U.S. shareholders of the relevant tax information within 60 days after the close of the affected taxable year.

        As discussed above, for noncorporate U.S. shareholders, long-term capital gains are generally taxed at maximum rates of 15% (scheduled to increase to 20% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012) or 25%, depending upon the type of property disposed of and the previously claimed depreciation with respect to this property. If for any taxable year we designate capital gain dividends for U.S. shareholders, then a portion of the capital gain dividends we designate will be allocated to the holders of a particular class of shares on a percentage basis equal to the ratio of the amount of the total dividends paid or made available for the year to the holders of that class of shares to the total dividends paid or made available for the year to holders of all classes of our shares. We will similarly designate the portion of any capital gain dividend that is to be taxed to noncorporate U.S. shareholders at the maximum rates of 15% (scheduled to increase to 20% for taxable years beginning

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after December 31, 2012) or 25% so that the designations will be proportionate among all classes of our shares.

        Distributions in excess of current or accumulated earnings and profits will not be taxable to a U.S. shareholder to the extent that they do not exceed the shareholder's adjusted tax basis in the shareholder's shares, but will reduce the shareholder's basis in those shares. To the extent that these excess distributions exceed the adjusted basis of a U.S. shareholder's shares, they will be included in income as capital gain, with long-term gain generally taxed to noncorporate U.S. shareholders at a maximum rate of 15% (scheduled to increase to 20% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012). No U.S. shareholder may include on his federal income tax return any of our net operating losses or any of our capital losses.

        If a dividend is declared in October, November, or December to shareholders of record during one of those months, and is paid during the following January, then for federal income tax purposes the dividend will be treated as having been both paid and received on December 31 of the prior taxable year. Also, items that are treated differently for regular and alternative minimum tax purposes are to be allocated between a REIT and its shareholders under Treasury regulations which are to be prescribed. It is possible that these Treasury regulations will require tax preference items to be allocated to our shareholders with respect to any accelerated depreciation or other tax preference items that we claim.

        A U.S. shareholder will generally recognize gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized and the shareholder's adjusted basis in our shares that are sold or exchanged. This gain or loss will be capital gain or loss, and will be long-term capital gain or loss if the shareholder's holding period in the shares exceeds one year. In addition, any loss upon a sale or exchange of our shares held for six months or less will generally be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of our long-term capital gain dividends during the holding period.

        In contrast to the typical redemption of preferred shares for cash only, discussed above, if a U.S. shareholder receives a number of our common shares as a result of a conversion or repurchase of Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares, then the transaction will be treated as a recapitalization. As such, the shareholder would recognize income or gain only to the extent of the lesser of (1) the excess, if any, of the value of the cash and common shares received over such shareholder's adjusted tax basis in its Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares surrendered or (2) the cash received. Any cash a shareholder receives, up to the amount of income or gain recognized, would generally be characterized as a dividend to the extent that a surrender of Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares to us for cash only would be taxable as a dividend, taking into account the surrendering shareholder's continuing actual or constructive ownership interest in our shares, if any, as discussed above, and the balance of the recognized amount, if any, will be gain. A U.S. shareholder's basis in its common shares received would be equal to the basis for Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares surrendered, less any cash received plus any income or gain recognized. A U.S. shareholder's holding period in the common shares received would be the same as the holding period for Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred shares surrendered. If, in addition to common shares, upon conversion or repurchase a U.S. shareholder receives rights or warrants to acquire our common shares or other of our securities, then the receipt of the rights or warrants may be taxable, and we encourage you to consult your tax advisor as to the consequences of the receipt of rights or warrants upon conversion or repurchase.

        A U.S. shareholder generally will not recognize any income, gain or loss upon conversion of Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares into common shares except with respect to cash, if any, received in lieu of a fractional common share. A U.S. shareholder's basis in its common shares received would be equal to the basis for Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares surrendered, less any basis allocable to any fractional share exchanged for cash. A U.S. shareholder's

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holding period in the common shares received would be the same as the holding period for Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares surrendered. Any cash received in lieu of a fractional common share upon conversion will be treated as a payment in exchange for the fractional common share. Accordingly, receipt of cash in lieu of a fractional share generally will result in capital gain or loss, measured by the difference between the cash received for the fractional share and the adjusted tax basis attributable to the fractional share. If, in addition to common shares, upon conversion a U.S. shareholder receives rights or warrants to acquire our common shares or other of our securities, then the receipt of the rights or warrants may be taxable, and we encourage you to consult your tax advisor as to the consequences of the receipt of rights or warrants upon conversion.

        For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012, U.S. holders who are individuals, estates or trusts will generally be required to pay a new 3.8% Medicare tax on their net investment income (including dividends on and gains from the sale or other disposition of our shares), or in the case of estates and trusts on their net investment income that is not distributed, in each case to the extent that their total adjusted income exceeds applicable thresholds.

        The IRC imposes a penalty for the failure to properly disclose a "reportable transaction." A reportable transaction currently includes, among other things, a sale or exchange of our shares resulting in a tax loss in excess of (a) $10 million in any single year or $20 million in any combination of years in the case of our shares held by a C corporation or by a partnership with only C corporation partners or (b) $2 million in any single year or $4 million in any combination of years in the case of our shares held by any other partnership or an S corporation, trust or individual, including losses that flow through pass through entities to individuals. A taxpayer discloses a reportable transaction by filing IRS Form 8886 with its federal income tax return and, in the first year of filing, a copy of Form 8886 must be sent to the IRS's Office of Tax Shelter Analysis. The penalty for failing to disclose a reportable transaction is generally $10,000 in the case of a natural person and $50,000 in any other case.

        Noncorporate U.S. shareholders who borrow funds to finance their acquisition of our shares could be limited in the amount of deductions allowed for the interest paid on the indebtedness incurred. Under Section 163(d) of the IRC, interest paid or accrued on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry property held for investment is generally deductible only to the extent of the investor's net investment income. A U.S. shareholder's net investment income will include ordinary income dividend distributions received from us and, if an appropriate election is made by the shareholder, capital gain dividend distributions and qualified dividends received from us; however, distributions treated as a nontaxable return of the shareholder's basis will not enter into the computation of net investment income.

Taxation of Tax-Exempt Shareholders

        Subject to the pension-held REIT rules discussed below, our distributions made to shareholders that are tax-exempt pension plans, individual retirement accounts, or other qualifying tax-exempt entities should not constitute unrelated business taxable income, provided that the shareholder has not financed its acquisition of our shares with "acquisition indebtedness" within the meaning of the IRC, and provided further that, consistent with our present intent, we do not hold a residual interest in a real estate mortgage investment conduit.

        Tax-exempt pension trusts that own more than 10% by value of a "pension-held REIT" at any time during a taxable year may be required to treat a percentage of all dividends received from the pension-held REIT during the year as unrelated business taxable income. This percentage is equal to the ratio of:

    (1)
    the pension-held REIT's gross income derived from the conduct of unrelated trades or businesses, determined as if the pension-held REIT were a tax-exempt pension fund, less direct expenses related to that income, to

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    (2)
    the pension-held REIT's gross income from all sources, less direct expenses related to that income,

except that this percentage shall be deemed to be zero unless it would otherwise equal or exceed 5%. A REIT is a pension-held REIT if:

    the REIT is "predominantly held" by tax-exempt pension trusts; and

    the REIT would fail to satisfy the "closely held" ownership requirement discussed above if the stock or beneficial interests in the REIT held by tax-exempt pension trusts were viewed as held by tax-exempt pension trusts rather than by their respective beneficiaries.

A REIT is predominantly held by tax-exempt pension trusts if at least one tax-exempt pension trust owns more than 25% by value of the REIT's stock or beneficial interests, or if one or more tax-exempt pension trusts, each owning more than 10% by value of the REIT's stock or beneficial interests, own in the aggregate more than 50% by value of the REIT's stock or beneficial interests. Because of the share ownership concentration restrictions in our declaration of trust and bylaws, we believe that we are not and will not be a pension-held REIT. However, because our shares are publicly traded, we cannot completely control whether or not we are or will become a pension-held REIT.

        Social clubs, voluntary employee benefit associations, supplemental unemployment benefit trusts and qualified group legal services plans exempt from federal income taxation under Sections 501(c)(7), (c)(9), (c)(17) and (c)(20) of the IRC, respectively, are subject to different unrelated business taxable income rules, which generally will require them to characterize distributions from a REIT as unrelated business taxable income. In addition, these prospective investors should consult their own tax advisors concerning any "set aside" or reserve requirements applicable to them.

Taxation of Non-U.S. Shareholders

        The rules governing the United States federal income taxation of non-U.S. shareholders are complex, and the following discussion is intended only as a summary of these rules. If you are a non-U.S. shareholder, we urge you to consult with your own tax advisor to determine the impact of United States federal, state, local, and foreign tax laws, including any tax return filing and other reporting requirements, with respect to your investment in our shares.

        In general, a non-U.S. shareholder will be subject to regular United States federal income tax in the same manner as a U.S. shareholder with respect to its investment in our shares if that investment is effectively connected with the non-U.S. shareholder's conduct of a trade or business in the United States (and, if provided by an applicable income tax treaty, is attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base the non-U.S. shareholder maintains in the United States). In addition, a corporate non-U.S. shareholder that receives income that is or is deemed effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States may also be subject to the 30% branch profits tax under Section 884 of the IRC, which is payable in addition to regular United States federal corporate income tax. The balance of this discussion of the United States federal income taxation of non-U.S. shareholders addresses only those non-U.S. shareholders whose investment in our shares is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States.

        A distribution by us to a non-U.S. shareholder that is not attributable to gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest and that is not designated as a capital gain dividend will be treated as an ordinary income dividend to the extent that it is made out of current or accumulated earnings and profits. A distribution of this type will generally be subject to United States federal income tax and withholding at the rate of 30%, or at a lower rate if the non-U.S. shareholder has in the manner prescribed by the IRS demonstrated its entitlement to benefits under a tax treaty. In the case of any in kind distributions of property, we or other applicable withholding agents will collect the amount required to be withheld by reducing to cash for remittance to the IRS a sufficient portion

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of the property that the non-U.S. shareholder would otherwise receive, and the non-U.S. shareholder may bear brokerage or other costs for this withholding procedure. Because we cannot determine our current and accumulated earnings and profits until the end of the taxable year, withholding at the rate of 30% or applicable lower treaty rate will generally be imposed on the gross amount of any distribution to a non-U.S. shareholder that we make and do not designate a capital gain dividend. Notwithstanding this withholding on distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits, these distributions are a nontaxable return of capital to the extent that they do not exceed the non-U.S. shareholder's adjusted basis in our shares, and the nontaxable return of capital will reduce the adjusted basis in these shares. To the extent that distributions in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits exceed the non-U.S. shareholder's adjusted basis in our shares, the distributions will give rise to tax liability if the non-U.S. shareholder would otherwise be subject to tax on any gain from the sale or exchange of these shares, as discussed below. A non-U.S. shareholder may seek a refund from the IRS of amounts withheld on distributions to him in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits.

        From time to time, some of our distributions may be attributable to the sale or exchange of United States real property interests. However, capital gain dividends that are received by a non-U.S. shareholder, as well as dividends attributable to our sales of United States real property interests, will be subject to the taxation and withholding regime applicable to ordinary income dividends and the branch profits tax will not apply, provided that (1) these dividends are received with respect to a class of shares that is "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" such as the New York Stock Exchange, or the NYSE, both as defined by applicable Treasury regulations, and (2) the non-U.S. shareholder does not own more than 5% of that class of shares at any time during the one-year period ending on the date of distribution of the capital gain dividends. If both of these provisions are satisfied, qualifying non-U.S. shareholders will not be subject to withholding either on capital gain dividends or on dividends that are attributable to our sales United States real property interests as though those amounts were effectively connected with a United States trade or business, and qualifying non-U.S. shareholders will not be required to file United States federal income tax returns or pay branch profits tax in respect of these dividends. Instead, these dividends will be subject to United States federal income tax and withholding as ordinary dividends, currently at a 30% tax rate unless reduced by applicable treaty, as discussed below. Although there can be no assurance in this regard, we believe that our common shares and each class of our preferred shares have been and will remain "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" within the meaning of applicable Treasury regulations; however, we can provide no assurance that our shares will continue to be "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" in future taxable years.

        Except as discussed above, for any year in which we qualify as a REIT, distributions that are attributable to gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest are taxed to a non-U.S. shareholder as if these distributions were gains effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States conducted by the non-U.S. shareholder. Accordingly, a non-U.S. shareholder that does not qualify for the special rule above will be taxed on these amounts at the normal capital gain and other tax rates applicable to a U.S. shareholder, subject to any applicable alternative minimum tax and to a special alternative minimum tax in the case of nonresident alien individuals; such a non-U.S. shareholder will be required to file a United States federal income tax return reporting these amounts, even if applicable withholding is imposed as described below; and such a non-U.S. shareholder that is also a corporation may owe the 30% branch profits tax under Section 884 of the IRC in respect of these amounts. We or other applicable withholding agents will be required to withhold from distributions to such non-U.S. shareholders, and remit to the IRS, 35% of the maximum amount of any distribution that could be designated as a capital gain dividend. In addition, for purposes of this withholding rule, if we designate prior distributions as capital gain dividends, then subsequent distributions up to the amount of the designated prior distributions will be treated as capital gain dividends. The amount of any tax withheld is creditable against the non-U.S. shareholder's United States federal income tax liability, and the non-U.S. shareholder may file for a refund from the IRS of any amount of withheld tax in excess of that tax liability.

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        A special "wash sale" rule applies to a non-U.S. shareholder who owns any class of our shares if (1) the shareholder owns more than 5% of that class of shares at any time during the one-year period ending on the date of the distribution described below, or (2) that class of our shares is not, within the meaning of applicable Treasury regulations, "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" such as the NYSE. Although there can be no assurance in this regard, we believe that our common shares and each class of our preferred shares have been and will remain "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" within the meaning of applicable Treasury regulations, all as discussed above; however, we can provide no assurance that our shares will continue to be "regularly traded" on a domestic "established securities market" in future taxable years. We thus anticipate this wash sale rule to apply, if at all, only to a non-U.S. shareholder that owns more than 5% of either our common shares or any class of our preferred shares. Such a non-U.S. shareholder will be treated as having made a "wash sale" of our shares if it (1) disposes of an interest in our shares during the 30 days preceding the ex-dividend date of a distribution by us that, but for such disposition, would have been treated by the non-U.S. shareholder in whole or in part as gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest, and then (2) acquires or enters into a contract to acquire a substantially identical interest in our shares, either actually or constructively through a related party, during the 61-day period beginning 30 days prior to the ex-dividend date. In the event of such a wash sale, the non-U.S. shareholder will have gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest in an amount equal to the portion of the distribution that, but for the wash sale, would have been a gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest. As discussed above, a non-U.S. shareholder's gain from the sale or exchange of a United States real property interest can trigger increased United States taxes, such as the branch profits tax applicable to non-U.S. corporations, and increased United States tax filing requirements.

        If for any taxable year we designate capital gain dividends for our shareholders, then a portion of the capital gain dividends we designate will be allocated to the holders of a particular class of shares on a percentage basis equal to the ratio of the amount of the total dividends paid or made available for the year to the holders of that class of shares to the total dividends paid or made available for the year to holders of all classes of our shares.

        Tax treaties may reduce the withholding obligations on our distributions. Under some treaties, however, rates below 30% that are applicable to ordinary income dividends from United States corporations may not apply to ordinary income dividends from a REIT or may apply only if the REIT meets certain additional conditions. You must generally use an applicable IRS Form W-8, or substantially similar form, to claim tax treaty benefits. If the amount of tax withheld with respect to a distribution to a non-U.S. shareholder exceeds the shareholder's United States federal income tax liability with respect to the distribution, the non-U.S. shareholder may file for a refund of the excess from the IRS. The 35% withholding tax rate discussed above on some capital gain dividends corresponds to the maximum income tax rate applicable to corporate non-U.S. shareholders but is higher than the current 15% and 25% maximum rates on capital gains generally applicable to noncorporate non-U.S. shareholders. Treasury regulations also provide special rules to determine whether, for purposes of determining the applicability of a tax treaty, our distributions to a non-U.S. shareholder that is an entity should be treated as paid to the entity or to those owning an interest in that entity, and whether the entity or its owners are entitled to benefits under the tax treaty. In the case of any in kind distributions of property, we or other applicable withholding agents will have to collect the amount required to be withheld by reducing to cash for remittance to the IRS a sufficient portion of the property that the non-U.S. shareholder would otherwise receive, and the non-U.S. shareholder may bear brokerage or other costs for this withholding procedure.

        Non-U.S. shareholders should generally be able to treat amounts we designate as retained but constructively distributed capital gains in the same manner as actual distributions of capital gain dividends by us. In addition, a non-U.S. shareholder should be able to offset as a credit against its

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federal income tax liability the proportionate share of the tax paid by us on such retained but constructively distributed capital gains. A non-U.S. shareholder may file for a refund from the IRS for the amount that the non-U.S. shareholder's proportionate share of tax paid by us exceeds its federal income tax liability on the constructively distributed capital gains.

        If our shares are not "United States real property interests" within the meaning of Section 897 of the IRC, then a non-U.S. shareholder's gain on sale of these shares (including for this purpose a conversion of our Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares or our senior convertible notes into common shares) generally will not be subject to United States federal income taxation, except that a nonresident alien individual who was in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year may be subject to a 30% tax on this gain. Our shares will not constitute a United States real property interest if we are a "domestically controlled REIT." A domestically controlled REIT is a REIT in which at all times during the preceding five-year period less than 50% in value of its shares is held directly or indirectly by foreign persons. We believe that we have been and will remain a domestically controlled REIT and thus a non-U.S. shareholder's gain on sale of our shares will not be subject to United States federal income taxation. However, because our shares are publicly traded, we can provide no assurance that we have been or will remain a domestically controlled REIT. If we are not a domestically controlled REIT, a non-U.S. shareholder's gain on sale of our shares will not be subject to United States federal income taxation as a sale of a United States real property interest if that class of shares is "regularly traded," as defined by applicable Treasury regulations, on an established securities market like the NYSE, and the non-U.S. shareholder has at all times during the preceding five years owned 5% or less by value of that class of shares. In this regard, because the shares of others may be redeemed, a non-U.S. shareholder's percentage interest in a class of our shares may increase even if it acquires no additional shares in that class. If the gain on the sale of our shares were subject to United States federal income taxation, the non-U.S. shareholder will generally be subject to the same treatment as a U.S. shareholder with respect to its gain, will be required to file a United States federal income tax return reporting that gain, and a corporate non-U.S. shareholder might owe branch profits tax under Section 884 of the IRC. A purchaser of our shares from a non-U.S. shareholder will not be required to withhold on the purchase price if the purchased shares are regularly traded on an established securities market or if we are a domestically controlled REIT. Otherwise, a purchaser of our shares from a non-U.S. shareholder may be required to withhold 10% of the purchase price paid to the non-U.S. shareholder and to remit the withheld amount to the IRS.

Withholding and Information Reporting

        Information reporting and backup withholding may apply to distributions or proceeds paid to our shareholders under the circumstances discussed below. The backup withholding rate is currently 28% and is scheduled to increase to 31% after 2012. Amounts withheld under backup withholding are generally not an additional tax and may be refunded by the IRS or credited against the shareholder's federal income tax liability. In the case of any in kind distributions of property by us to a shareholder, we or other applicable withholding agents will have to collect any applicable backup withholding by reducing to cash for remittance to the IRS a sufficient portion of the property that our shareholder would otherwise receive, and the shareholder may bear brokerage or other costs for this withholding procedure.

        A U.S. shareholder will be subject to backup withholding when it receives distributions on our shares or proceeds upon the sale, exchange, redemption, retirement or other disposition of our shares, unless the U.S. shareholder properly executes, or has previously properly executed, under penalties of perjury an IRS Form W-9 or substantially similar form that:

    provides the U.S. shareholder's correct taxpayer identification number; and

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    certifies that the U.S. shareholder is exempt from backup withholding because it comes within an enumerated exempt category, it has not been notified by the IRS that it is subject to backup withholding, or it has been notified by the IRS that it is no longer subject to backup withholding.

If the U.S. shareholder has not provided and does not provide its correct taxpayer identification number on the IRS Form W-9 or substantially similar form, it may be subject to penalties imposed by the IRS, and we or other applicable withholding agents may have to withhold a portion of any distributions or proceeds paid to such U.S. shareholder. Unless the U.S. shareholder has established on a properly executed IRS Form W-9 or substantially similar form that it comes within an enumerated exempt category, distributions or proceeds on our shares paid to it during the calendar year, and the amount of tax withheld, if any, will be reported to it and to the IRS.

        Distributions on our shares to a non-U.S. shareholder during each calendar year and the amount of tax withheld, if any, will generally be reported to the non-U.S. shareholder and to the IRS. This information reporting requirement applies regardless of whether the non-U.S. shareholder is subject to withholding on distributions on our shares or whether the withholding was reduced or eliminated by an applicable tax treaty. Also, distributions paid to a non-U.S. shareholder on our shares may be subject to backup withholding, unless the non-U.S. shareholder properly certifies its non-U.S. shareholder status on an IRS Form W-8 or substantially similar form in the manner described above. Similarly, information reporting and backup withholding will not apply to proceeds a non-U.S. shareholder receives upon the sale, exchange, redemption, retirement or other disposition of our shares, if the non-U.S. shareholder properly certifies its non-U.S. shareholder status on an IRS Form W-8 or substantially similar form. Even without having executed an IRS Form W-8 or substantially similar form, however, in some cases information reporting and backup withholding will not apply to proceeds that a non-U.S. shareholder receives upon the sale, exchange, redemption, retirement or other disposition of our shares if the non-U.S. shareholder receives those proceeds through a broker's foreign office.

        Increased reporting obligations are scheduled to be imposed on non-United States financial institutions and other non-United States entities for purposes of identifying accounts and investments held directly or indirectly by United States persons. The failure to comply with these additional information reporting, certification and other specified requirements could result in withholding tax being imposed on payments of dividends and sales proceeds to applicable shareholders or intermediaries. Specifically, a 30% withholding tax is imposed on dividends on and gross proceeds from the sale or other disposition of our shares paid to a foreign financial institution or to a foreign nonfinancial entity, unless (1) the foreign financial institution undertakes applicable diligence and reporting obligations or (2) the foreign nonfinancial entity either certifies it does not have any substantial United States owners or furnishes identifying information regarding each substantial United States owner. In addition, if the payee is a foreign financial institution, it generally must enter into an agreement with the United States Treasury that requires, among other things, that it undertake to identify accounts held by applicable United States persons or United States-owned foreign entities, annually report specified information about such accounts, and withhold 30% on payments to noncertified holders. Pursuant to IRS guidance, future regulations will provide that such withholding applies only to dividends paid on or after January 1, 2014, and to other "withholdable payments" (including payments of gross proceeds from a sale or other disposition of our shares) made on or after January 1, 2015. If you hold our shares through a non-United States intermediary or if you are a non-United States person, we urge you to consult your own tax advisor regarding foreign account tax compliance.

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Other Tax Consequences

        Our tax treatment and that of our shareholders may be modified by legislative, judicial, or administrative actions at any time, which actions may be retroactive in effect. The rules dealing with federal income taxation are constantly under review by Congress, the IRS and the Treasury Department, and statutory changes, new regulations, revisions to existing regulations, and revised interpretations of established concepts are issued frequently. Likewise, the rules regarding taxes other than federal income taxes may also be modified. No prediction can be made as to the likelihood of passage of new tax legislation or other provisions, or the direct or indirect effect on us and our shareholders. Revisions to tax laws and interpretations of these laws could adversely affect the tax or other consequences of an investment in our shares. We and our shareholders may also be subject to taxation by state, local or other jurisdictions, including those in which we or our shareholders transact business or reside. These tax consequences may not be comparable to the federal income tax consequences discussed above.

ERISA PLANS, KEOGH PLANS AND INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

General Fiduciary Obligations

        Fiduciaries of a pension, profit-sharing or other employee benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, or ERISA, must consider whether:

    their investment in our shares satisfies the diversification requirements of ERISA;

    the investment is prudent in light of possible limitations on the marketability of our shares;

    they have authority to acquire our shares under the applicable governing instrument and Title I of ERISA; and

    the investment is otherwise consistent with their fiduciary responsibilities.

        Trustees and other fiduciaries of an ERISA plan may incur personal liability for any loss suffered by the plan on account of a violation of their fiduciary responsibilities. In addition, these fiduciaries may be subject to a civil penalty of up to 20% of any amount recovered by the plan on account of a violation. Fiduciaries of any IRA, Roth IRA, tax-favored account (such as an Archer MSA, Coverdell education savings account or health savings account), Keogh Plan or other qualified retirement plan not subject to Title I of ERISA, or non-ERISA plans, should consider that a plan may only make investments that are authorized by the appropriate governing instrument.

        Fiduciaries considering an investment in our securities should consult their own legal advisors if they have any concern as to whether the investment is consistent with the foregoing criteria or is otherwise appropriate. The sale of our securities to a plan is in no respect a representation by us or any underwriter of the securities that the investment meets all relevant legal requirements with respect to investments by plans generally or any particular plan, or that the investment is appropriate for plans generally or any particular plan.

Prohibited Transactions

        Fiduciaries of ERISA plans and persons making the investment decision for an IRA or other non-ERISA plan should consider the application of the prohibited transaction provisions of ERISA and the IRC in making their investment decision. Sales and other transactions between an ERISA or non-ERISA plan, and persons related to it, are prohibited transactions. The particular facts concerning the sponsorship, operations and other investments of an ERISA plan or non-ERISA plan may cause a wide range of other persons to be treated as disqualified persons or parties in interest with respect to it. A prohibited transaction, in addition to imposing potential personal liability upon fiduciaries of ERISA plans, may also result in the imposition of an excise tax under the IRC or a penalty under

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ERISA upon the disqualified person or party in interest with respect to the plan. If the disqualified person who engages in the transaction is the individual on behalf of whom an IRA or Roth IRA is maintained or his beneficiary, the IRA or Roth IRA may lose its tax-exempt status and its assets may be deemed to have been distributed to the individual in a taxable distribution on account of the prohibited transaction, but no excise tax will be imposed. Fiduciaries considering an investment in our securities should consult their own legal advisors as to whether the ownership of our securities involves a prohibited transaction.

"Plan Assets" Considerations

        The U.S. Department of Labor, which has administrative responsibility over ERISA plans as well as non-ERISA plans, has issued a regulation defining "plan assets." The regulation generally provides that when an ERISA or non-ERISA plan acquires a security that is an equity interest in an entity and that security is neither a "publicly offered security" nor a security issued by an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, the ERISA plan's or non-ERISA plan's assets include both the equity interest and an undivided interest in each of the underlying assets of the entity, unless it is established either that the entity is an operating company or that equity participation in the entity by benefit plan investors is not significant.

        Debt instruments that we issue with any "substantial equity feature" will be treated as an equity interest. However, an example in the applicable regulations concludes that a convertible debt instrument issued by a corporation, apparently on conventional terms, would not be treated as an equity interest because the conversion feature was deemed "incidental" to the issuer's obligation to pay principal and interest. Based on the foregoing, our counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, has opined that, while the matter is not free from doubt, our 3.80% convertible senior notes due 2027 will not be treated as equity interests under ERISA's plan assets rules.

        Each class of our shares (that is, our common shares and any class of preferred shares that we have issued or may issue) must be analyzed separately to ascertain whether it is a publicly offered security. The regulation defines a publicly offered security as a security that is "widely held," "freely transferable" and either part of a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act, or sold under an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, provided the securities are registered under the Exchange Act within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year of the issuer during which the offering occurred. Each class of our outstanding shares has been registered under the Exchange Act within the necessary time frame to satisfy the foregoing condition.

        The regulation provides that a security is "widely held" only if it is part of a class of securities that is owned by 100 or more investors independent of the issuer and of one another. However, a security will not fail to be "widely held" because the number of independent investors falls below 100 subsequent to the initial public offering as a result of events beyond the issuer's control. We believe our common shares and our preferred shares have been and will remain widely held, and we expect the same to be true of any additional class of preferred shares that we may issue, but we can give no assurances in this regard.

        The regulation provides that whether a security is "freely transferable" is a factual question to be determined on the basis of all relevant facts and circumstances. The regulation further provides that, where a security is part of an offering in which the minimum investment is $10,000 or less, some restrictions on transfer ordinarily will not, alone or in combination, affect a finding that these securities are freely transferable. The restrictions on transfer enumerated in the regulation as not affecting that finding include:

    any restriction on or prohibition against any transfer or assignment which would result in a termination or reclassification for federal or state tax purposes, or would otherwise violate any state or federal law or court order;

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    any requirement that advance notice of a transfer or assignment be given to the issuer and any requirement that either the transferor or transferee, or both, execute documentation setting forth representations as to compliance with any restrictions on transfer which are among those enumerated in the regulation as not affecting free transferability, including those described in the preceding clause of this sentence;

    any administrative procedure which establishes an effective date, or an event prior to which a transfer or assignment will not be effective; and

    any limitation or restriction on transfer or assignment that is not imposed by the issuer or a person acting on behalf of the issuer.

        We believe that the restrictions imposed under our declaration of trust and bylaws on the transfer of shares do not result in the failure of our shares to be "freely transferable." Furthermore, we believe that there exist no other facts or circumstances limiting the transferability of our shares which are not included among those enumerated as not affecting their free transferability under the regulation, and we do not expect or intend to impose in the future, or to permit any person to impose on our behalf, any limitations or restrictions on transfer which would not be among the enumerated permissible limitations or restrictions.

        Assuming that each class of our shares will be "widely held" and that no other facts and circumstances exist which restrict transferability of these shares, we have received an opinion of our counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, that our shares will not fail to be "freely transferable" for purposes of the regulation due to the restrictions on transfer of the shares under our declaration of trust and bylaws and that under the regulation each class of our currently outstanding shares is publicly offered and our assets will not be deemed to be "plan assets" of any ERISA plan or non-ERISA plan that acquires our shares in a public offering.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

        Our business faces many risks. The risks described below may not be the only risks we face but are the risks we know of that we believe may be material at this time. Additional risks that we do not yet know of, or that we currently think are immaterial, may also impair our business operations or financial results. If any of the events or circumstances described in the following risks occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could suffer and the trading price of our securities could decline. Investors and prospective investors should consider the following risks and the information contained under the heading "Warning Concerning Forward Looking Statements" before deciding whether to invest in our securities.

Risks Related to Our Business

The operating performance of our properties has not fully recovered from the recession, which has adversely impacted our managers and tenants and may jeopardize their abilities to pay our rents and returns.

        Our properties are operated in two segments of the economy which were severely impacted by the recent economic recession. While the economy grew modestly in 2011, we do not know if or when the economy will fully return to pre-recession levels. Most hotels rent rooms on a daily basis and hotels are among the first businesses to be impacted by general economic weakness. In 2008 and 2009, the U.S. hotel industry experienced declines in occupancy, revenues and profitability. These declines reflect reduced business and leisure travel resulting from reduced business and consumer spending during the recession. In 2010 the U.S. hotel industry saw modest gains in occupancy and revenues, but profitability generally declined or remained flat due to increases in operating expenses. In 2011, the U.S. hotel

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industry experienced gains in occupancy, revenues and profitability when compared to 2010; however, all these industry measures are still well below their 2007, pre-recession levels.

        Our travel centers primarily provide goods and services to the trucking industry. The slowdown in the construction industry and reduced consumer spending resulting from the recent recession continue to adversely impact the trucking industry which provides customers to our travel centers. The steady increase in global trade has historically mitigated the adverse impact of economic slowdowns upon the travel center business, but world trade was seriously and negatively impacted during the recent recession and this slowing continues to adversely affect business at our travel centers. Although the level of trucking activity and business activity at our travel centers improved in 2010 and 2011, they are still below their pre-recession levels.

        If the present general economic conditions continue for an extended time or if the present conditions worsen, our tenants and operators may be unable to meet their financial obligations to us. If we do not receive our rents and returns from our managers and tenants, our income and cash flows will decline, we may be unable to pay distributions to shareholders and the market value of our shares will likely decline.

Certain of our rents and returns are guaranteed by the parent companies of our managers and tenants, but these guarantees may not ensure that payments due to us will be made.

        Certain of our rents and returns are guaranteed by the parent entities of our managers and tenants. However, several of these guarantees are limited by dollar amounts and in duration; for example, our guaranty from Marriott for 71 hotels is limited to $40.0 million (of which $30.9 million remained available at December 31, 2011) and expires on December 31, 2017, our guaranty from Hyatt is limited to $50.0 million (of which $21.0 million remained available at December 31, 2011), and our guaranty from Carlson is limited to $40.0 million (of which $25.6 million remained available at December 31, 2011). If our Marriott, Hyatt and Carlson properties continue to produce less operating income than the guaranteed amounts of our minimum rents or returns for extended periods, these guarantees may be exhausted. Also, because the large majority of TA's business consists of operating properties leased from us, in the event TA does not earn sufficient income from our travel centers it may not have sufficient resources independent of these leaseholds to pay its guaranty obligations to us. The existence of parent companies' guarantees for our tenants' and managers' obligations to us does not assure that these obligations will be paid.

Certain managers and tenants have failed to pay the full amounts due to us, and the security deposits applied to cover the shortages will not provide cash flow to us.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, all payments contractually due to us under our hotel leases and management contracts were paid when due except for certain payments from Marriott and InterContinental.

        On June 14, 2011, we entered into an agreement to re-align and extend our Marriott No. 2, 3 and 4 management contracts. The new agreement covering 71 hotels was retroactively effective as of January 1, 2011. The combined minimum returns due to us under the new agreement remained unchanged at $98.4 million per year. Under the new agreement, the security deposits under the historical contracts were combined and were available to us to cover shortfalls in the payment of the minimum amounts contractually required for all 71 hotels. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, the payments we received under this agreement were $29.8 million less than the minimum amounts contractually required. We applied the remaining available security deposit of $18.4 million to cover the shortfalls and Marriott provided $9.1 million of guaranty payments to cover up to 90% of the minimum returns due to us. Also, during the period between December 31, 2011 and February 28, 2012, the amounts we received for this portfolio were $1.5 million less than the minimum

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returns due. Marriott provided $5.2 million of guaranty payments to cover up to 90% of the minimum returns due to us. The balance of this guaranty was $25.6 million as of February 28, 2012.

        On July 25, 2011, we entered into an agreement to revise and extend our four contracts with InterContinental. The new agreement covering 130 hotels was retroactively effective as of July 1, 2011. The combined minimum returns and rents due to us under the new agreement remained unchanged at $153.1 million per year. Under the new agreement, the security deposit we hold for the historical contracts continues to secure payments to us under the new agreement. In addition, InterContinental has provided us an additional $37.0 million to supplement this security deposit. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, the payments we received under this agreement were $18.1 million less than the minimum amounts contractually required. We applied the available security deposit to cover the shortfalls. Also, during the period between December 31, 2011 and February 28, 2012, the amounts we received under this agreement were $13.9 million less than the minimum returns due. We applied the available security deposit to cover these amounts. At February 28, 2012, the remaining balance of the security deposit which we hold for this agreement was $41.9 million.

        The security deposit from Marriott has been exhausted and the Marriott guaranty is limited to 90% of minimum returns due to us. The Marriott guaranty is limited to total payments by Marriott to us of $40.0 million and expires on December 31, 2017.

        When and if the aforesaid InterContinental security deposit and Marriott guaranty are exhausted, we may not receive the amounts contractually set as guaranteed amounts or minimum returns due to us from Marriott and InterContinental, respectively.

        When we reduce the amounts of the security deposits we hold for these agreements or any other operating agreements for future payment deficiencies, we record income equal to the amounts so applied, but it will not result in cash flow to us of these amounts. To maintain our REIT status under the IRC, we are required to pay substantially all of our income as distributions to shareholders; however, our Board of Trustees historically has considered our cash flows as an important determinant of our distributions. Accordingly, if we use security deposits to satisfy our tenants' and managers' payment obligations to us, we may not have sufficient cash flow to pay distributions or for other purposes.

TA may be unable to pay the reduced rent and deferred rent amounts due to us.

        On January 31, 2011, we entered into an amendment agreement with TA which modified the terms of our two leases with TA. Pursuant to the terms of the amendment agreement, the amounts of annual minimum rent due to us under the TA leases were reduced and the due date for the $150 million of rent TA had previously deferred under a rent deferral agreement was extended, without interest, to 2022 and 2024. Our entering this agreement does not ensure that TA can afford to pay the reduced and deferred rent amounts due to us and that it will do so in the future. TA has accumulated large losses since it became a separate public company in 2007 and future losses may limit TA's ability to pay the reduced and deferred rent amounts due to us.

Financial challenges at TA could continue or worsen.

        We lease all of our travel center properties, which constitute approximately 39% of our historical investments, to TA. TA generates a significant amount of its revenues from fuel sales, but generates low margins on these sales. TA's revenues depend largely on the retail sale of refined petroleum products to drivers who patronize TA's highway travel center facilities. The petroleum products pricing has been, and continues to be, volatile and highly competitive. During the past few years, fuel prices have increased and become materially more volatile, and fuel supplies have been occasionally disrupted and made more expensive by natural disasters, wars and acts of terrorism and instability in the U.S. and world economy in general. We cannot accurately predict how these factors may affect petroleum

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product prices or supplies in the future, or how, in particular, they may affect TA. A large, rapid increase in wholesale petroleum prices could adversely affect TA's profitability and cash flow if TA were unable to pass along price increases to its customers. Fuel price increases and price and supply volatility have also increased TA's working capital requirements. To mitigate the risks arising from fuel price volatility, TA generally maintains limited fuel inventories. Accordingly, an interruption in TA's fuel supplies would materially adversely affect its business. Interruptions in fuel supplies may be caused by local conditions, such as a malfunction in a particular pipeline or terminal, by weather related events, such as hurricanes in the areas where petroleum is extracted or refined, or by national or international conditions, such as government rationing, acts of terrorism, war and the like. Additionally, increased fuel costs have caused TA's customers to conserve fuel, resulting in less demand for products sold by TA. The recent recession has had an adverse impact upon the U.S. trucking industry from which TA draws customers because fewer goods tend to be shipped during slower economic periods. Price increases and volatility in fuel prices and continued weakness in the U.S. trucking industry may result in future losses at TA, including losses in excess of those previously experienced, which could jeopardize TA's ability to pay rent, including deferred amounts due to us and to satisfy TA's other obligations to us.

        On June 30, 2010, two of TA's competitors announced that they completed a merger. That merger combined the first and second largest competitors in TA's business, based on diesel fuel sales volume. As a result of this combination, TA may see increased competitive pressure that could negatively impact its sales volumes and profitability and could increase its level of selling, general and administrative expense, which could adversely impact TA's ability to pay rent to us.

We may be unable to access the capital necessary to repay debts, invest in our properties or fund acquisitions.

        To retain our status as a REIT, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our annual REIT taxable income (excluding capital gains) and satisfy a number of organizational and operational requirements to which REITs are subject. Accordingly, we generally will not be able to retain sufficient cash from operations to repay debts, invest in our properties or fund acquisitions. Our business and growth strategies depend, in part, upon our ability to raise additional capital at reasonable costs to repay our debts, invest in our properties and fund new acquisitions. Our ability to raise reasonably priced capital is not guaranteed; we may be unable to raise reasonably priced capital because of reasons related to our business or for reasons beyond our control, such as market conditions. If we are unable to raise reasonably priced capital, our business and growth strategies will fail and we may be unable to remain a REIT.

        We have large amounts of debts which will need to be refinanced within the next three years; for example, our $79.1 million of convertible notes may be surrendered to us for repurchase in March 2012, $100.9 million of our senior notes mature in July 2012, $287.0 million of our senior notes mature in 2013 and $300 million of our senior notes mature in 2014. At this time, it is uncertain whether we will be able to refinance these debt maturities or what the cost and other terms may be to accomplish such refinancings. The availability and cost of credit continues to be volatile, and credit availability for companies in the hotel and hospitality industry remains limited. Nonpayment at maturity or other defaults on our revolving credit facility or any of our other debt will likely cause a cross default of all our outstanding debt. If we are unable to access capital to refinance our debt maturities, we may be unable to pay distributions and the market value of our shares will likely decline.

Our failure or inability to meet certain terms of our revolving credit facility would adversely affect our business and may prevent our paying distributions to you.

        Our revolving credit facility includes various conditions to our borrowing and various financial and other covenants and events of default. We may not be able to satisfy all of these conditions or may

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default on some of these covenants for various reasons, including matters which are beyond our control. If we are unable to borrow under our revolving credit facility we may be unable to meet our business obligations or to grow by buying additional properties, or we may be required to sell some of our properties. If we default under our revolving credit facility at a time when borrowed amounts are outstanding under this instrument, our lenders may demand immediate payment. Any default under our revolving credit facility would likely have serious and adverse consequences to us and would likely cause the market price of our securities to materially decline and may prevent our paying distributions to you.

We have substantial debt obligations and may incur additional debt.

        At December 31, 2011, we had $2.1 billion in debt outstanding, which was 43% of our total book capitalization. Our note indenture and revolving credit facility permit us and our subsidiaries to incur additional debt, including secured debt. If we default in paying any of our debts or honoring our debt covenants, it may create one or more cross defaults, our debts may be accelerated and we could be forced to liquidate our assets for less than the values we would receive in a more orderly process.

We may be unable to provide the funding required for the refurbishment of our properties.

        Some of our management agreements and lease arrangements require us to invest money for refurbishments and capital improvements to our properties; for example, we expect to fund approximately $400.0 million under our new agreements with InterContinental and Marriott combined. We may have to invest significant additional amounts in properties that we rebrand. We may not have the necessary funds to invest, and such expenditures, if made, may not be sufficient to maintain the successful financial performance of our properties. Our management agreements and lease arrangements require us to maintain the properties in a certain required condition. If we fail to maintain these required standards, then the affected manager or tenant may terminate its management or lease agreement and hold us liable for damages.

Inherent risks in the hotel industry could affect our business.

        Approximately 61% of our investments are in hotel properties. A number of factors affect the hotel industry generally and therefore impact our operating results, such as:

    increased competition from new supply or existing hotel properties in our markets where our hotels are located, which may adversely affect our occupancy rates and revenues;

    the relative attractiveness of our hotel properties and the level of services provided to guests which may require us to invest in our hotels;

    dependence on business and leisure travel and tourism which generally causes hotel revenues to reflect general economic conditions;

    inflation, increased interest rates and borrowing expenses, higher energy costs, salaries and union labor costs, legal expenses, real estate taxes and other operating expenses at our hotel properties may reduce our margins or profits or our cash flow; and

    changing travel patterns in the U.S., for instance as a reaction to higher airfares and ground travel costs arising from higher fuel prices or taxes or from shifting consumer preferences for travel destinations, which could affect the number of visitors seeking lodging at our hotel properties.

        These and other factors could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, which may affect our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

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Events beyond our control, including wars, terrorism, natural disasters or pandemics could significantly reduce the financial results experienced in the hotel industry generally and the financial performance of our hotels. If these or similar problems occur, persist or recur, our operating and financial results may be harmed by declines in average daily room rates and/or occupancy.

        The threat of terrorism has a negative impact on the hotel industry due to concerns about travel safety, which may result in the reduction of both business and leisure travel. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 had a dramatic adverse effect on business and leisure travel and on our hotels' occupancy. Future acts of terrorism in the U.S. may adversely impact business and leisure travel activities and, accordingly, our business. Moreover, hotels have themselves been targets of terrorist attacks, and if any of our properties were to be attacked, we could incur significant damages and liabilities, some of which may be beyond the extent of our insurance coverage and contractual protections. Outbreaks of contagious diseases could cause travel to decline and have an adverse effect on the hotel industry in general. We cannot predict the extent to which additional terrorist attacks, acts of war, pandemics or similar events may occur in the future or the impact that such events would have on the hotel industry or on our hotel properties in particular, or their impact on our operating results and financial condition.

We are not permitted to operate our properties and we are dependent on the managers and tenants of our properties.

        Because federal income tax laws restrict REITs and their subsidiaries from operating hotels or travel centers, we do not manage our hotels or our travel centers. Instead, we or our subsidiaries that qualify as TRSs under applicable REIT laws, either retain third party managers to manage our properties pursuant to management agreements or lease our properties to operating companies. Our income from our properties may be adversely affected if our managers or tenants fail to provide quality services and amenities to customers or if they fail to maintain a quality brand. While we monitor our managers' and tenants' performances, we have limited recourse under our management agreements and leases if we believe that the managers or tenants are not performing adequately. Failure by our managers or tenants to fully perform the duties agreed to in our management agreements and leases could adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, our managers or tenants manage, and in some cases own or have invested in, properties that compete with our properties, which may result in conflicts of interest. Also, fees paid to our hotel managers are often set as a percentage of gross revenues rather than profits. As a result, our managers or tenants have in the past made and may in the future make decisions regarding competing properties or our hotels' operations that are not or would not be in our best interests.

We have a high concentration of our properties with a limited number of operators.

        TA leases all of our travel center properties, which constitute approximately 39% of our total historical investments. Two of our hotel managers, InterContinental and Marriott, operate approximately 27% and 26%, respectively, of our total historical investments. If any of these operators were to fail to provide quality services and amenities or to maintain quality brands, our income from these properties may be adversely affected. Further, if we were required to replace any of our operators, this could result in significant disruptions at the affected properties and declines in our income and cash flows.

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Increasing interest rates may adversely affect us and the value of an investment in our securities.

        Interest rates are currently at historically low levels and may increase. There are three principal ways that increasing interest rates may adversely affect us and the value of an investment in our securities:

    Our revolving credit facility requires interest at variable rates and matures in 2015. As of December 31, 2011, we had $149.0 million outstanding and $601.0 million available for drawing under our revolving credit facility. If interest rates increase, so will our interest costs on any borrowings we may have outstanding under our revolving credit facility, which could adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to pay principal and interest on our debt, our cost to refinance existing debt when it becomes due and our ability to pay distributions.

    An increase in interest rates could decrease the amount buyers may be willing to pay for our properties, thereby reducing the market value of our properties and limiting our ability to sell properties or to obtain mortgage financing secured by our properties.

    We expect to pay regular distributions on our shares. When interest rates on debt investments available to investors rise, the market prices of distribution paying securities often decline. Accordingly, if interest rates rise, the market price of our shares may decline.

Some of our management agreements and leases limit our ability to sell or finance some of our properties.

        Under the terms of some of our hotel management agreements and leases, we generally may not sell, lease or otherwise transfer the properties unless the transferee is not a competitor of the manager and the transferee assumes the related management agreements and meets other specified conditions. Our ability to finance or sell our properties, depending upon the structure of such transactions, may require the manager's consent or the tenant's consent under our management agreements and leases. If, in these circumstances, the manager or the tenant does not consent, we may be prevented from taking actions which might be beneficial to our shareholders.

Acquisitions that we make may not be successful.

        Our business strategy contemplates additional acquisitions. We cannot assure investors that we will be able to consummate further acquisitions or that acquisitions we make will prove to be successful. We might encounter unanticipated difficulties and expenditures relating to any acquired properties. We might never realize the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions. Newly acquired properties might require significant management attention that would otherwise be devoted to our ongoing business. Also, property operating costs for acquisitions may be higher than we anticipate and acquisitions of properties may not yield the returns we expect and, if financed using debt or new equity issuances, may result in shareholder dilution.

We face competition for the acquisition of properties.

        We expect to compete for property acquisition opportunities with entities which may have substantially greater financial resources than us, including, without limitation, other REITs, operating companies in the hospitality industry, banks, insurance companies, pension plans and public and private partnerships. These entities may be able to accept more risk than we can prudently manage, including risks with respect to the creditworthiness of property operators and the extent of leverage used in their capital structure. Such competition may reduce the number of suitable property acquisition opportunities available to us or increase the bargaining power of property owners seeking to sell their properties.

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Real estate ownership creates risks and liabilities.

        Our business is subject to risks associated with real estate acquisitions and ownership, including:

    the illiquid nature of real estate markets which limits our ability to purchase or sell our assets rapidly to respond to changing market conditions;

    management agreements or leases which are not renewed at expiration and may be replaced with management agreements or leases with less favorable terms or relet at lower returns or rents;

    costs that may be incurred relating to property maintenance and repair, and the need to make capital expenditures to maintain our properties' values or due to contractual obligations or changes in governmental regulations, including the Americans with Disabilities Act;

    increased supply of similar properties in our markets;

    catastrophic property and casualty losses, such as losses due to wars, terrorist attacks or natural disasters, some of which may be uninsured; and

    defaults and bankruptcies by our managers or tenants.

Acquisition and ownership of real estate is subject to environmental and climate change risks, and compliance with environmental and climate change laws may be costly.

        Acquisition and ownership of real estate is subject to risks associated with environmental hazards. We may be liable for environmental hazards at, or migrating from, our properties, including those created by prior owners or occupants, existing tenants, abutters or other persons. Our hotel properties may be subject to environmental laws for certain hazardous substances used to maintain these properties, such as chemicals used to clean swimming pools, pesticides and lawn maintenance materials, and for other conditions, such as the presence of harmful mold.

        The travel centers we own and that TA leases from us include fueling areas, truck repair and maintenance facilities and tanks for the storage of petroleum products and other hazardous substances, all of which create the potential for environmental damages. As a result, TA regularly incurs environmental cleanup costs. In the leases that we entered with TA, TA agreed to indemnify us from all environmental liabilities arising at any travel center property during the term of the leases. Despite this indemnity, various federal and state laws impose environmental liabilities upon property owners, such as us, for any environmental damages arising on properties they own or occupy, and we are not assured that we will not be held liable for environmental investigation and cleanup at, or near, our properties, including environmental damages at sites we own and lease to TA. As an owner or previous owner of properties which contain environmental hazards, we also may be liable to pay damages to governmental agencies or third parties for costs and damages they incur arising from environmental hazards at the properties. Moreover, the costs and damages which may arise from environmental hazards are often difficult to project and TA may not have sufficient resources to pay its environmental liabilities and environmental indemnity to us. The negative impact on TA of the recent economic downturn and volatility in the petroleum markets and other factors may make it more likely that TA will be unable to fulfill its indemnification obligations to us in the event that environmental claims arise at our travel center properties.

        The current political debate about climate change has resulted in various treaties, laws and regulations which are intended to limit carbon emissions but we believe these laws being enacted or proposed may cause energy costs at our hotel and travel center properties to increase. We do not expect the direct impact of these increases to be material to our results of operations, because the increased costs either would be the responsibility of our tenants or operators directly or in the longer term, passed through and paid by customers of our properties. Although we do not believe it is likely

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in the foreseeable future, laws enacted to mitigate climate change may make some of our buildings obsolete or cause us to make material investments in our properties, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations or the financial condition and results of operations of our tenants or operators and their ability to pay rent or returns to us.

We may experience losses from our business dealings with Affiliates Insurance Company.

        We have invested approximately $5.2 million in Affiliates Insurance Company, or AIC, we have purchased property insurance in a program designed and reinsured in part by AIC, and we are currently investigating the possibilities to expand our relationship with AIC to other types of insurance. We, RMR, TA and four other companies to which RMR provides management services each own approximately 14.29% of AIC and we and those other AIC shareholders participate in a combined insurance program designed and reinsured in part by AIC. Our principal reason for investing in AIC and for purchasing insurance in these programs is to seek to improve our financial results by obtaining improved insurance coverages at lower costs than may be otherwise available to us or by participating in any profits which we may realize as an owner of AIC. These beneficial financial results may not occur and we may need to invest additional capital in order to continue to pursue these results. AIC's business involves the risks typical of an insurance business, including the risk that it may not operate profitably. Accordingly, our anticipated financial benefits from our business dealings with AIC may be delayed or not achieved, and we may experience losses from these dealings.

We rely on information technology in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption or security failure of that technology could harm our business.

        We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit and store electronic information, and to manage or support a variety of business processes, including financial transactions and records, personal identifying information, tenant, manager and operating data. Some of these systems are owned by RMR and several are owned by our subsidiaries and operated by our tenants and managers. We and RMR purchase some of our information technology from vendors, on whom our systems depend. We and RMR rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide security for processing, transmission and storage of confidential operator and other customer information, such as individually identifiable information, including information relating to financial accounts. Although we have taken steps to protect the security of our information systems and the data maintained in those systems, it is possible that our safety and security measures will not be able to prevent the systems' improper functioning or damage, or the improper access or disclosure of personally identifiable information such as in the event of cyber attacks. Security breaches, including physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses, attacks by hackers and similar breaches, can create system disruptions, shutdowns or unauthorized disclosure of confidential information. Any failure to maintain proper function, security and availability of our information systems could interrupt our operations, damage our reputation, subject us to liability claims or regulatory penalties and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Our Taxation

The loss of our tax status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes could have significant adverse consequences.

        As a REIT, we generally do not pay federal and state income taxes. However, actual qualification as a REIT under the IRC depends on satisfying complex statutory requirements, for which there are only limited judicial and administrative interpretations. We believe that we have been organized and have operated, and will continue to be organized and to operate, in a manner that qualified and will continue to qualify us to be taxed under the IRC as a REIT. However, we cannot be certain that, upon

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review or audit, the IRS will agree with this conclusion. Maintaining our status as a REIT will require us to continue to satisfy certain tests concerning, among other things, the nature of our assets, the sources of our income and the amounts we distribute to shareholders. In order to meet these requirements, it may be necessary for us to sell or forego attractive investments. Furthermore, there is no guaranty that the federal government will not someday eliminate REITs under the IRC.

        If we cease to be a REIT, then our ability to raise capital might be adversely affected, we will be in breach under our revolving credit facility, we may be subject to material amounts of federal and state income taxes and the value of our securities would likely decline. In addition, if we lose or revoke our tax status as a REIT for a taxable year, we will generally be prevented from requalifying as a REIT for the next four taxable years.

Distributions to shareholders generally will not qualify for reduced tax rates.

        The maximum tax rate for dividends payable by U.S. corporations to individual stockholders is 15% through 2012. Distributions paid by REITs, however, generally are not eligible for this reduced rate. The more favorable rates for corporate dividends may cause investors to perceive that investment in REITs is less attractive than investment in non-REIT entities that pay dividends, thereby reducing the demand and market price of our shares.

Risks Related to Our Relationship with RMR and its Affiliates.

We are dependent upon RMR to manage our business and implement our growth strategy.

        We have no employees. Personnel and services we require are provided to us under contract by RMR. Our ability to achieve our business objectives depends on RMR and its ability to manage our properties, source and complete new acquisitions for us on favorable terms and to execute our financing strategy. Accordingly, our business is dependent upon RMR's business contacts, its ability to successfully hire, train, supervise and manage its personnel and its ability to maintain its operating systems. If we lose the services provided by RMR or its key personnel, our business and growth prospects may decline. We may be unable to duplicate the quality and depth of management available to us by becoming a self managed company or by hiring another manager. Also, in the event RMR is unwilling or unable to continue to provide management services to us, our cost of obtaining substitute services may be greater than the fees we pay RMR, and as a result our expenses may increase.

Our management structure and our manager's other activities may create conflicts of interest or create the perception of conflicts of interest.

        RMR is authorized to follow broad operating and investment guidelines and, therefore, has discretion in determining the types of properties that will be appropriate investments for us, as well as making our individual operating and investment decisions. Our Board of Trustees periodically reviews our operating and investment guidelines and our individual operating activities and investments, but it does not review or approve each decision made by RMR on our behalf. In addition, in conducting periodic reviews, our Board of Trustees relies primarily on information provided to it by RMR. RMR is beneficially owned by our Managing Trustees, Barry Portnoy and Adam Portnoy.

        In our management agreements with RMR, we acknowledge that RMR manages other businesses, including three other NYSE-listed REITs, and is not required to present us with investment opportunities that RMR determines are within the investment focus of another business managed by RMR. RMR has discretion to determine which investment or leasing opportunities to present to us or to other businesses it manages. We also have agreed with RMR to first offer any property within the principal investment focus of another REIT to which RMR provides management services to such REIT prior to entering into any sale or other disposition arrangement with respect to such property. Accordingly, we may lose investment opportunities to, and may compete for tenants with other businesses managed by RMR.

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        RMR also acts as the manager for three other publicly traded REITs: CWH, which primarily owns and operates commercial office and industrial buildings and leased industrial land; GOV, which owns properties that are majority leased to government tenants; and SNH, which primarily owns healthcare, senior living properties and medical office buildings. RMR also provides management services to other public and private companies, including Five Star, which operates senior living communities, including independent living and congregate care communities, assisted living communities, nursing homes and hospitals, TA, our largest tenant, and Sonesta, which operates, manages and franchises hotels. These multiple responsibilities to public companies and RMR's other businesses could create competition for the time and efforts of RMR and Messrs. Barry Portnoy and Adam Portnoy. Also, RMR's multiple responsibilities to us and TA may create potential conflicts of interest or the appearance of such conflicts of interest. In addition, we participate with RMR, CWH, GOV, SNH, Five Star and TA in a combined insurance program through AIC, an Indiana insurance company. RMR, CWH, GOV, SNH, Five Star and TA have each invested in AIC and all of our Trustees are directors of this company.

        Barry Portnoy is Chairman and an employee of RMR, and Adam Portnoy serves as President and Chief Executive Officer and as a director of RMR. All of the members of our Board of Trustees, including our Independent Trustees, are members of one or more boards of trustees or directors of other companies to which RMR provides management services. All of our executive officers are also executive officers of RMR. The foregoing individuals may hold equity in or positions with other companies to which RMR provides management services. Such equity ownership and positions by our Trustees and officers could create, or appear to create, conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving us, RMR and its affiliates.

Our management agreements with RMR and Sonesta may not be as favorable to us as they would have been if negotiated between unaffiliated parties.

        We pay RMR business management fees based upon the historical cost of our investments (including acquisition costs) which at any time may be more or less than the fair market value thereof, plus an incentive fee based upon certain increases in our cash available for distribution per share, as defined in our business management agreement with RMR. We also pay RMR property management fees for the office building component of one of our properties which also includes a hotel, based in part upon the gross rents we collect from tenants and the costs of construction we incur. For more information, see "Business—Manager." Our fee arrangements with RMR could encourage RMR to advocate acquisitions of properties, to undertake unnecessary construction activities or to overpay for acquisitions or construction. These arrangements may also encourage RMR to discourage our sales of properties. Subsequent to December 31, 2011, we consummated a purchase agreement and hotel management contracts with Sonesta, an entity owned by Messrs. Barry and Adam Portnoy, our Managing Trustees, which is affiliated with RMR. Our management agreements with RMR and Sonesta were negotiated between affiliated parties, and the terms, including the fees payable to RMR, may not be as favorable to us as they would have been were they negotiated on an arm's length basis between unaffiliated parties.

Our management agreements with RMR may discourage our change of control.

        Termination of our management agreements with RMR would be a default under our revolving credit facility unless approved by a majority of our lenders. RMR can terminate its management agreements with us if we experience a change of control. The quality and depth of management available to us by contracting with RMR may not be able to be duplicated by our being a self managed company or by our contracting with unrelated third parties, without considerable cost increases. For these reasons, our management agreements may discourage a change of control of us, including a change of control which might result in payment of a premium for your shares.

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The potential for conflicts of interest as a result of our management structure may provoke dissident shareholder activities that result in significant costs.

        In the past, in particular following periods of volatility in the overall market or declines in the market price of a company's securities, shareholder litigation, dissident trustee nominations and dissident proposals have often been instituted against companies alleging conflicts of interest in business dealings with affiliated persons and entities. Our relationship with RMR, with the other businesses and entities to which RMR provides management services, with Messrs. Barry Portnoy and Adam Portnoy and with RMR affiliates, including Sonesta, may precipitate such activities. These activities, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management's attention, even if the allegations are not substantiated.

Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

Ownership limitations and anti-takeover provisions in our declaration of trust, bylaws and rights agreement, as well as certain provisions of Maryland law, may prevent our shareholders from receiving a takeover premium or implementing changes.

        Our declaration of trust or bylaws prohibit any shareholder other than RMR and its affiliates from owning directly and by attribution more than 9.8% of the number or value of shares of any class or series of our outstanding shares. These provisions are intended to assist with our REIT compliance under the IRC and otherwise promote our orderly governance. However, these provisions may also inhibit acquisitions of a significant stake in us and may prevent a change in our control. Additionally, many provisions contained in our declaration of trust and bylaws and under Maryland law may further deter persons from attempting to acquire control of us and implement changes that may be considered beneficial by some shareholders, including, for example, provisions relating to:

    the division of our Trustees into three classes, with the term of one class expiring each year, and in each case, until a successor is elected and qualifies, which could delay a change in our control;

    shareholder voting rights and standards for the election of Trustees and other provisions which require larger majorities for approval of actions which are not approved by our Trustees than for actions which are approved by our Trustees;

    required qualifications for an individual to serve as a Trustee and a requirement that certain of our Trustees be "Managing Trustees" and other Trustees be "Independent Trustees";

    limitations on the ability of, and various requirements that must be satisfied in order for, our shareholders to propose nominees for election as Trustees and propose other business to be considered at a meeting of our shareholders;

    limitations on the ability of our shareholders to remove our Trustees;

    the two thirds shareholder vote required for removal of Trustees;

    the authority of our Board of Trustees, and not our shareholders, to adopt, amend or repeal our bylaws;

    the fact that only our Board of Trustees may call shareholder meetings and that shareholders are not entitled to act without a meeting;

    because of our ownership of AIC, we are an insurance holding company under applicable state law; accordingly, anyone who intends to solicit proxies for a person to serve as one of our Trustees or for another proposal of business not approved by our Board of Trustees may be required to receive pre-clearance from the concerned insurance regulators; and

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    the authority of our Board of Trustees to adopt certain amendments to our declaration of trust without shareholder approval, including the authority to increase or decrease the number of authorized shares, to create new classes or series of shares (including a class or series of shares that could delay or prevent a transaction or a change in our control that might involve a premium for our shares or otherwise be in the best interests of our shareholders), to increase or decrease the number of shares of any class or series, and to classify or reclassify any unissued shares from time to time by setting or changing the preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to distributions, qualifications or terms or conditions of redemption of our shares or any new class of shares created by our Board of Trustees.

        We maintain a rights agreement whereby, in the event a person or group of persons acquires 10% or more of our outstanding common shares, our shareholders, other than such person or group, will be entitled to purchase additional shares or other securities or property at a discount. In addition, certain provisions of Maryland law may have an anti-takeover effect. For all of these reasons, our shareholders may be unable to realize a change of control premium for any of our shares they own or otherwise effect a change of our policies.

Certain aspects of our business may prevent shareholders from accumulating large share ownership, from nominating or serving as Trustees, or from taking actions to otherwise control our business.

        Certain of our properties include gambling operations. Applicable state laws require that any shareholder who owns or controls 5% or more of our securities or anyone who wishes to serve as one of our Trustees must be licensed or approved by the state regulators responsible for gambling operations. Similarly, as an owner of AIC, we are licensed and approved as an insurance holding company; and any shareholder who owns or controls 10% or more of our securities or anyone who wishes to solicit proxies for election of, or to serve as, one of our Trustees or for another proposal of business not approved by our Board of Trustees may be required to receive pre-clearance from the concerned insurance regulators. These approval and pre-approval procedures may discourage or prevent investors from purchasing our securities, from nominating persons to serve as our Trustees or from taking other actions.

Our rights and the rights of our shareholders to take action against our Trustees and officers are limited.

        Our declaration of trust, bylaws and indemnity contracts limit the liability of our Trustees and officers to us and our shareholders for money damages to the maximum extent permitted under Maryland law. Under current Maryland law, our Trustees and officers will not have any liability to us and our shareholders for money damages other than liability resulting from:

    actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or

    active and deliberate dishonesty by the Trustee or officer that was established by a final judgment as being material to the cause of action adjudicated.

        Our declaration of trust, bylaws and indemnity contracts require us to indemnify any present or former Trustee or officer to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, who is made or threatened to be made a party to a proceeding by reason of his or her service in that capacity. However, except with respect to proceedings to enforce rights to indemnification, we will indemnify any person referenced in the previous sentence in connection with a proceeding initiated by such person against us only if such proceeding is authorized by our declaration of trust or bylaws or by our Board of Trustees or shareholders. In addition, we may be obligated to pay or reimburse the expenses incurred by our present and former Trustees and officers without requiring a preliminary determination of their ultimate entitlement to indemnification. As a result, we and our shareholders may have more limited rights against our present and former Trustees and officers than might otherwise exist absent

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the provisions in our declaration of trust, bylaws and indemnity contracts or that might exist with other companies, which could limit your recourse in the event of actions not in your best interest.

Disputes with TA, RMR and Sonesta and shareholder litigation against us or our Trustees and officers may be referred to arbitration proceedings.

        Our contracts with TA, RMR and Sonesta provide that any dispute arising under those contracts may be referred to binding arbitration. Similarly, our bylaws provide that actions by our shareholders against us or against our Trustees and officers, including derivative and class actions, may be referred to binding arbitration. As a result, we and our shareholders would not be able to pursue litigation for these disputes in courts against TA, RMR, Sonesta or our Trustees or officers. In addition, the ability to collect attorneys' fees or other damages may be limited in the arbitration, which may discourage attorneys from agreeing to represent parties wishing to commence such a proceeding.

We may change our operational and investment policies without shareholder approval.

        Our Board of Trustees determines our operational and investment policies and may amend or revise our policies, including our policies with respect to our intention to qualify for taxation as a REIT, acquisitions, dispositions, growth, operations, indebtedness, capitalization and distributions, or approve transactions that deviate from these policies, without a vote of, or notice to, our shareholders. Policy changes could adversely affect the market value of our shares and our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

Risks Related to Our Securities

Our Board of Trustees has the discretion to change our distribution policy from time to time, and there is no assurance that we will make distributions in the future.

        Our ability to pay distributions may be adversely affected by the risks described herein, including the recent U.S. recession and constrained conditions in the U.S. capital markets. In April 2009, our Board of Trustees determined to suspend the payment of regular quarterly distributions on common shares for the remainder of 2009. The suspension was the result of conditions in the capital markets, including the severe limitations on the availability of equity or debt capital to us to meet our obligations which are senior to the common shares, including our debt maturities in 2010 through 2012. We resumed making regular quarterly distributions in January 2010, but we can provide no assurances that we will continue to pay distributions on our shares in the future, as we continue to evaluate capital market conditions and our own earnings and other circumstances. To retain our status as a REIT, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (excluding capital gains). Differences between our income for financial reporting purposes and for applicable federal income tax purposes may affect the determination of our required minimum common share distributions. There are no assurances of our ability to pay distributions or regarding the form of distributions in the future. In addition, our distributions in the past have included, and may in the future include, a return of capital.

        Our payment of distributions is subject to compliance with restrictions contained in our revolving credit facility and our debt indenture. All our distributions will be made at the discretion of our Board of Trustees and the timing and amount of our future distributions will depend upon our earnings, our cash flows, our anticipated cash flows, our financial condition, maintenance of our REIT tax status, our ability to access capital and such other factors as our Board of Trustees may deem relevant and make determinations regarding these matters from time to time.

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Any notes we may issue will be effectively subordinated to the debts of our subsidiaries and to our secured debt.

        We conduct substantially all of our business through, and substantially all of our properties are owned by, subsidiaries. Consequently, our ability to pay debt service on our outstanding notes and any notes we issue in the future will be dependent upon the cash flow of our subsidiaries and payments by those subsidiaries to us as dividends or otherwise. Our subsidiaries are separate legal entities and have their own liabilities. Payments due on our outstanding notes, and any notes we may issue, are, or will be, effectively subordinated to liabilities of our subsidiaries, including guaranty liabilities. Substantially all of our subsidiaries have guaranteed our revolving credit facility; none of our subsidiaries guaranty our outstanding notes. Our outstanding notes are, and any notes we may issue will be, also effectively subordinated to any secured debt with regard to our assets pledged to secure those debts.

Our notes may permit redemption before maturity, and our noteholders may be unable to reinvest proceeds at the same or a higher rate.

        The terms of our notes may permit us to redeem all or a portion of our outstanding notes after a certain amount of time, or up to a certain percentage of the notes prior to certain dates. Generally, the redemption price will equal the principal amount being redeemed, plus accrued interest to the redemption date, plus any applicable premium. If a redemption occurs, our noteholders may be unable to reinvest the money they receive in the redemption at a rate that is equal to or higher than the rate of return on the applicable notes.

There may be no public market for notes we may issue and one may not develop.

        Generally, any notes we may issue will be a new issue for which no trading market currently exists. We may not list our notes on any securities exchange or seek approval for price quotations to be made available through any automated quotation system. There is no assurance that an active trading market for any of our notes will exist in the future. Even if a market develops, the liquidity of the trading market for any of our notes and the market price quoted for any such notes may be adversely affected by changes in the overall market for fixed income securities, by changes in our financial performance or prospects, or by changes in the prospects for REITs or for the hospitality industry generally.

We may not have the cash necessary to pay the principal return and any net amount upon the conversion of our convertible notes or to repurchase the convertible notes or other debt on specified dates or following certain change in control transactions.

        As of December 31, 2011, we had $79.1 million of convertible notes outstanding. Upon a conversion of notes in accordance with their terms, we will be required to pay the principal return of these notes in cash. Furthermore, there may be circumstances that prevent the issuance of our common shares for all or any portion of any net amount deliverable upon the conversion of notes, thereby requiring us to satisfy our net amount obligation in cash. Holders of notes also have the right to require us to repurchase the notes for cash on March 20, 2012, March 15, 2017 and March 15, 2022 or upon the occurrence of certain change in control transactions prior to March 20, 2012. Some of our future debt agreements or securities may contain similar provisions. We may not have sufficient funds to pay the principal return and any such net cash amount or make the required repurchase of notes, as the case may be, in cash at the applicable time; and, in such circumstances, we may not be able to arrange the necessary financing on favorable terms. In addition, our ability to pay the principal return and any such net cash amount or make the required repurchase, as the case may be, may be limited by law or the terms of other debt agreements or securities. Moreover, our failure to pay the principal return and any such net cash amount or make the required repurchase, as the case may be, would constitute an event of default under the indenture governing the notes which, in turn, would constitute an event of default under other debt agreements or securities, thereby resulting in their acceleration

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and required prepayment and further restricting our ability to make such payments and repurchases. In certain change of control circumstances, our future noteholders and some of our other lenders may have the right to require us to purchase our notes which they own at their principal amount plus accrued interest and a premium.

Rating agency downgrades may increase our cost of capital.

        Both our senior notes and our preferred securities are rated by two rating agencies. One rating agency lowered our corporate credit, senior unsecured debt and preferred securities ratings in October 2010. These rating agencies may elect to downgrade their ratings on our senior notes and our preferred securities at any time. Such downgrades may negatively affect our access to the capital markets and increase our cost of capital, including the interest rate and fees payable under our revolving credit facility.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

        None.

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Item 2.    Properties

        At December 31, 2011, we owned 288 hotels and 185 travel centers. The following table summarizes certain information about our properties as of December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands).

Location of Properties
  Number
of
Hotels
  Undepreciated
Carrying
Value
  Depreciated
Carrying
Value
  Number
of
Travel
Centers
  Undepreciated
Carrying
Value
  Depreciated
Carrying
Value
  Total
Properties
  Total
Undepreciated
Carrying
Value
  Total
Depreciated
Carrying
Value
 

United States

                                                       

Alabama

    2   $ 15,442   $ 10,281     4   $ 54,640   $ 45,274     6   $ 70,082   $ 55,555  

Arizona

    12     148,954     97,174     6     126,656     107,135     18     275,610     204,309  

Arkansas

                4     75,195     61,364     4     75,195     61,364  

California

    34     618,089     466,397     9     146,903     133,982     43     764,992     600,379  

Colorado

    4     35,135     24,764     3     27,490     22,375     7     62,625     47,139  

Connecticut

    1     3,520     3,366     3     32,358     25,124     4     35,878     28,490  

Delaware

    1     16,037     11,719                 1     16,037     11,719  

Florida

    12     153,284     112,578     7     123,658     109,403     19     276,942     221,981  

Georgia

    18     241,291     176,524     9     100,200     87,412     27     341,491     263,936  

Hawaii

    1     94,993     72,636                 1     94,993     72,636  

Idaho

                1     14,603     12,920     1     14,603     12,920  

Illinois

    12     124,714     91,858     7     52,758     43,285     19     177,472     135,143  

Indiana

    3     38,685     25,186     7     49,722     41,618     10     88,407     66,804  

Iowa

    2     17,051     11,809     1     7,924     6,820     3     24,975     18,629  

Kansas

    4     30,581     20,510                 4     30,581     20,510  

Kentucky

    1     1,618     1,534     3     39,499     32,812     4     41,117     34,346  

Louisiana

    1     27,412     20,850     6     97,971     83,516     7     125,383     104,366  

Maryland

    7     134,566     111,135     3     44,680     37,610     10     179,246     148,745  

Massachusetts

    12     154,876     112,149                 12     154,876     112,149  

Michigan

    9     47,421     36,851     4     25,521     21,903     13     72,942     58,754  

Minnesota

    4     40,023     27,333     1     3,638     3,224     5     43,661     30,557  

Mississippi

                1     21,656     17,752     1     21,656     17,752  

Missouri

    5     46,371     33,269     5     48,938     40,234     10     95,309     73,503  

Nebraska

    1     2,362     2,226     3     35,913     28,551     4     38,275     30,777  

Nevada

    3     46,695     34,835     5     141,590     128,369     8     188,285     163,204  

New Hampshire

                1     7,654     4,921     1     7,654     4,921  

New Jersey

    12     159,295     121,638     4     99,362     85,971     16     258,657     207,609  

New Mexico

    2     25,329     17,993     6     83,239     66,287     8     108,568     84,280  

New York

    5     106,217     79,804     6     18,590     15,328     11     124,807     95,132  

North Carolina

    11     94,753     68,869     3     32,502     27,983     14     127,255     96,852  

Ohio

    4     32,532     22,826     14     147,334     125,142     18     179,866     147,968  

Oklahoma

    2     17,097     12,076     4     31,512     25,991     6     48,609     38,067  

Oregon

                3     36,520     32,064     3     36,520     32,064  

Pennsylvania

    9     138,832     103,364     9     111,333     94,453     18     250,165     197,817  

Rhode Island

    1     14,323     10,137                 1     14,323     10,137  

South Carolina

    4     52,918     40,254     2     24,430     20,244     6     77,348     60,498  

Tennessee

    8     128,508     86,055     8     79,766     69,573     16     208,274     155,628  

Texas

    34     407,336     295,431     17     324,463     268,970     51     731,799     564,401  

Utah

    3     59,306     38,180     2     16,027     12,832     5     75,333     51,012  

Virginia

    12     149,931     100,505     4     54,410     46,574     16     204,341     147,079  

Washington

    6     84,474     57,694     2     4,501     2,957     8     88,975     60,651  

West Virginia

    1     8,911     6,053     2     7,403     6,044     3     16,314     12,097  

Wisconsin

    1     12,845     9,332     2     12,032     9,930     3     24,877     19,262  

Wyoming

                4     58,525     47,299     4     58,525     47,299  
                                       

    264     3,531,727     2,575,195     185     2,421,116     2,053,246     449     5,952,843     4,628,441  

Other

                                                       

Ontario, Canada

    2     40,574     28,603                 2     40,574     28,603  

Puerto Rico

    1     142,679     111,184                 1     142,679     111,184  
                                       

    3     183,253     139,787                 3     183,253     139,787  
                                       

Total

    267     3,714,980     2,714,982     185     2,421,116     2,053,246     452     6,136,096     4,768,228  
                                       

Held for sale

                                                       

Alabama

    2     19,314     12,827                 2     19,314     12,827  

Arizona

    2     12,965     11,096                 2     12,965     11,096  

Georgia

    2     5,029     4,861                 2     5,029     4,861  

Illinois

    2     7,485     7,200                 2     7,485     7,200  

Massachusetts

    1     6,767     6,611                 1     6,767     6,611  

Michigan

    3     23,113     19,451                 3     23,113     19,451  

Missouri

    1     34,356     18,440                 1     34,356     18,440  

North Carolina

    2     21,513     13,746                 2     21,513     13,746  

Ohio

    1     6,921     4,127                 1     6,921     4,127  

Pennsylvania

    1     6,020     5,896                 1     6,020     5,896  

Texas

    1     6,535     6,409                 1     6,535     6,409  

Virginia

    3     12,633     12,361                 3     12,633     12,361  
                                       

    21     162,651     123,025                 21     162,651     123,025  
                                       

Grand Total

    288   $ 3,877,631   $ 2,838,007     185   $ 2,421,116   $ 2,053,246     473   $ 6,298,747   $ 4,891,253  
                                       

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        At December 31, 2011, 14 of our hotels were on leased land. The average remaining term of the ground leases (including renewal options) is approximately 42 years (range of 27 to 77 years); the ground lessors are unrelated to us. Ground rent payable under nine of the ground leases is generally calculated as a percentage of hotel revenues. Twelve of the 14 ground leases require minimum annual rents averaging $242,279 per year; future rents under two ground leases have been pre-paid. Generally payments of ground lease obligations are made by our hotel managers or tenants. However, if a manager or tenant did not perform obligations under a ground lease or elected not to renew any ground lease, we might have to perform obligations under the ground lease or renew the ground lease in order to protect our investment in the affected property. Any pledge of our interests in a ground lease may require the consent of the applicable ground lessor and its lenders.

        At December 31, 2011, 20 of our travel centers were on land leased partially or in its entirety. The average remaining term of the ground leases (including renewal options) is approximately 18 years (range of 7 to 39 years); the ground lessors are unrelated to us. Ground rent payable under the ground leases is generally a fixed amount, averaging $445,718 per year. Payments of these travel centers ground lease obligations are made by our tenants. However, if our tenants did not perform obligations under a ground lease or elected not to renew any ground lease, we might have to perform obligations under the ground lease or renew the ground lease in order to protect our investment in the affected property. Any pledge of our interests in a ground lease may require the consent of the applicable ground lessor and its lenders.

        The aggregate depreciated carrying value of our properties subject to ground leases was as follows at December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

14 hotels(1)

  $ 219,570  

20 travel centers(2)

    122,704  
       

Total

  $ 342,274  
       

(1)
Three of these hotels with a depreciated carrying value totaling $94,047 are on land partially leased. The leased land is generally used for parking. In all instances we believe these three hotels would be operable without the leased land.

(2)
Four of these travel centers with a depreciated carrying value totaling $64,631 are on land partially leased. The leased land is generally used for additional parking or storm water runoff; however, certain building structures for one travel center are located on leased land. In all instances we believe these four travel centers would be operable without the leased land.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        None.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

        Not applicable.

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

        Our common shares are traded on the NYSE (symbol: HPT). The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low sale prices for our common shares as reported in the NYSE Composite Transactions reports:

2010
  High   Low  

First Quarter

  $ 25.08   $ 21.09  

Second Quarter

    28.32     20.60  

Third Quarter

    22.63     18.99  

Fourth Quarter

    24.73     21.34  

 

2011
  High   Low  

First Quarter

  $ 25.94   $ 21.79  

Second Quarter

    24.84     21.48  

Third Quarter

    25.74     19.00  

Fourth Quarter

    24.65     19.22  

        The closing price of our common shares on the NYSE on February 15, 2012, was $24.81 per share.

        As of February 15, 2011, there were approximately 686 shareholders of record, and we estimate that as of such date there were in excess of 62,739 beneficial owners of our common shares.

        Information about cash distributions paid to common shareholders for 2011 and 2010 is summarized in the table below.

 
  Distributions
Paid Per
Common Share
 
 
  2011   2010  

First Quarter

  $ 0.45   $ 0.45  

Second Quarter

    0.45     0.45  

Third Quarter

    0.45     0.45  

Fourth Quarter

    0.45     0.45  
           

Total

  $ 1.80   $ 1.80  
           

        All common share distributions shown in the table above have been paid. We currently intend to continue to declare and pay common share distributions on a quarterly basis in cash. However, the timing, amount and form of distributions will be made at the discretion of our Board of Trustees and will depend upon various factors that our Board of Trustees deems relevant, including, but not limited to, requirements to maintain our status as a REIT, limitations in our revolving credit facility and public debt covenants, the availability of debt and equity capital to us, our funds from operations, or FFO, our normalized funds from operations, or Normalized FFO, and our expectation of our future capital requirements and operating performance. Therefore, there can be no assurance that we will continue to pay distributions in the future or that the amount of any distributions we do pay will not decrease.

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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

        The following table sets forth selected financial data for the periods and dates indicated. This data should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in "Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 
  Year Ended December 31,  
 
  2011   2010   2009   2008   2007  
 
  (In thousands, except per share data)
 

Income Statement Data:

                               

Revenues:

                               

Hotel operating revenues

  $ 889,120   $ 736,363   $ 715,615   $ 899,474   $ 941,455  

Rental income

    304,582     326,771     302,484     328,051     316,819  

FF&E reserve income

    16,631     22,354     18,934     23,837     22,286  
                       

Total revenues

    1,210,333     1,085,488     1,037,033     1,251,362     1,280,560  
                       

Expenses:

                               

Hotel operating expenses

    596,616     477,595     460,869     620,008     657,000  

Depreciation and amortization

    228,342     238,089     245,868     239,166     216,688  

General and administrative

    40,963     38,961     39,526     37,751     37,223  

Acquisition related costs

    2,185                  

Loss on asset impairment

    16,384     163,681         53,225     1,332  
                       

Total expenses

    884,490     918,326     746,263     950,150     912,243  
                       

Operating income

    325,843     167,162     290,770     301,212     368,317  

Interest income

   
70
   
260
   
214
   
1,312
   
4,919
 

Interest expense

    (134,110 )   (138,712 )   (143,410 )   (156,844 )   (148,110 )

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

        (6,720 )   51,097          

Gain on sale of real estate

                114      

Reserve for straight line rent receivable

                (19,613 )    

TA spin off costs

                    (2,711 )

Equity in earnings (losses) of an investee

    139     (1 )   (134 )        
                       

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

    191,942     21,989     198,537     126,181     222,415  

Income tax expense

    (1,502 )   (638 )   (5,196 )   (1,846 )   (2,191 )
                       

Income from continuing operations

    190,440     21,351     193,341     124,335     220,224  

Discontinued operations:

                               

Income from discontinued operations

                    7,440  

Gain on sale of real estate used by discontinued operations

                    95,711  
                       

Net income

    190,440     21,351     193,341     124,335     323,375  

Preferred distributions

    (29,880 )   (29,880 )   (29,880 )   (29,880 )   (26,769 )
                       

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders

  $ 160,560   $ (8,529 ) $ 163,461   $ 94,455   $ 296,606  
                       

Common distributions declared

  $ 222,239   $ 222,122   $   $ 289,380   $ 287,272  

Weighted average common shares outstanding

   
123,470
   
123,403
   
107,984
   
93,944
   
93,109
 

Per Common Share Data:

                               

Income (loss) from continuing operations available for common shareholders

  $ 1.30   $ (0.07 ) $ 1.51   $ 1.01   $ 2.08  

Income from discontinued operations available for common shareholders

  $   $   $   $   $ 1.11  

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders

  $ 1.30   $ (0.07 ) $ 1.51   $ 1.01   $ 3.19  

Distributions paid per common share

  $ 1.80   $ 1.80   $ 0.77   $ 3.08   $ 3.03  

Balance Sheet Data (as of December 31):

                               

Real estate properties

  $ 6,136,096   $ 6,299,082   $ 6,467,132   $ 6,407,884   $ 6,196,231  

Real estate properties, net

    4,768,228     4,928,490     5,206,508     5,347,681     5,346,761  

Total assets

    5,133,573     5,192,286     5,548,370     5,572,737     5,677,168  

Debt, net of discounts

    2,115,714     2,111,223     2,193,561     2,639,060     2,542,032  

Shareholders' equity

    2,799,302     2,860,241     3,091,931     2,628,427     2,821,654  

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Item 7.   Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

Overview

        The following information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

        Our hotel tenants and managers.    Our hotel operating agreements contain security features, such as guarantees and security deposits, which are intended to protect minimum returns and rents due to us in accordance with our operating agreements regardless of hotel performance. However, the effectiveness of various security features to provide uninterrupted receipt by us of minimum returns and rents is not assured, particularly if the U.S. economy and the lodging industry takes an extended period to recover from the severe declines experienced during the recent recession. If our tenants, managers or guarantors default in their payment obligations to us, our cash flows will decline and we may be unable to pay distributions to our shareholders.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, all payments due to us under our hotel leases and hotel management contracts were paid when due except for certain payments from Marriott and InterContinental.

        Marriott agreement.    On June 14, 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align three of our contracts with Marriott. Additional details of this agreement are set forth in Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.

        After giving effect to the January 1, 2011 effective date of the new agreement with Marriott, the payments we received were $29,762 less than the minimum amounts contractually due during the twelve months ended December 31, 2011. We applied the remaining $18,392 of available security deposit to partially cover these shortfalls and Marriott provided $9,127 of guaranty payments to us.

        InterContinental agreement.    On July 25, 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align all four of our contracts with InterContinental. Additional details of this agreement are set forth in Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, the payments we received under our agreements with InterContinental were $18,052 less than the minimum amounts contractually required. We applied the available security deposit to cover these shortfalls.

        Other hotel management agreement and lease matters.    As of February 28, 2012, all other payments due to us from our hotel managers and hotel tenants under our operating agreements were current. Additional details of our guarantees from Hyatt and Carlson are set forth in Note 9 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.

        When we reduce the amounts of the security deposits we hold under our operating agreements for payment deficiencies, we record income equal to the amounts by which these deposits are reduced up to the minimum return or minimum rent due to us. However, reducing the security deposits does not result in additional cash flow to us of the deficiency amounts, but reducing amounts of security deposits does reduce the refunds due to the respective lessees or managers who have provided us with these deposits upon expiration of the respective lease or management agreement. Security deposits are non-interest bearing and are not required to be held in escrow. Under all of our hotel operating agreements that include security deposits, any amounts of the security deposits which are applied to payment deficits may be replenished from future cash flows under the respective agreements. When we receive

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payments under guarantees under our leases or operating agreements, we receive cash. When we receive guaranty payments under our hotel operating agreements, generally the hotel operator is allowed to recapture payments it makes to us out of some or all of the hotels' future cash flows after our minimum returns are paid.

        In November 2010, Host notified us that it will not exercise its renewal option at the end of the current lease term for 53 hotels which we have historically referred to as our Marriott No. 1 Contract. In the absence of any default by Host, upon expiration of the agreement on December 31, 2012, we expect to return the $50,540 security deposit to Host, to lease these hotels to one of our TRSs and to continue the existing hotel brand and management agreements with Marriott with respect to these hotels. In June 2011, Marriott notified us that it intends to exercise its option to renew these management agreements for an additional 12 years to 2024.

        TA amendment agreement.    On January 31, 2011, we entered into an amendment agreement with TA which modified the terms of our two leases with TA pursuant to which we lease 185 of our travel centers to, and which are operated by, subsidiaries of TA. Additional details of this agreement are set forth in Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.

        As of February 28, 2012, all payments due to us under our TA leases were current.

        Royal Sonesta acquisition.    On January 31, 2012, we completed our previously announced acquisition of the entities which own the Royal Sonesta Hotel in Cambridge, MA (400 rooms) and lease the Royal Sonesta Hotel in New Orleans, LA (483 rooms) for $150,500, excluding acquisition costs. Additional details of this transaction are set forth in Notes 4 and 8 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.

Management Agreements and Leases

        At December 31, 2011, our 288 hotels were operated under six operating agreements, including 233 hotels leased to our wholly owned TRSs and managed by hotel management companies and 55 hotels leased to hotel operators. We lease our 185 travel centers to TA under two agreements. Our consolidated statements of income include operating revenues and expenses of our managed hotels and rental income for leased hotels and travel centers. Additional information regarding the terms of our management agreements and leases is included in the table on pages 74 and 75.

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Results of Operations (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2010

 
  For the Year Ended December 31,
 
  2011   2010   Increase
(Decrease)
  % Increase
(Decrease)
 
  (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

Revenues:

                       

Hotel operating revenues

  $ 889,120   $ 736,363   $ 152,757     20.7%

Rental income:

                       

Minimum rents—hotels

    101,198     135,077     (33,879 )   (25.1)%

Minimum rents—travel centers

    201,505     190,244     11,261     5.9%
                 

    302,703     325,321     (22,618 )   (7.0)%

Percentage rent—hotels

    1,879     1,450     429     29.6%
                 

Total rental income

    304,582     326,771     (22,189 )   (6.8)%

FF&E reserve income

    16,631     22,354     (5,723 )   (25.6)%

Expenses:

                       

Hotel operating expenses

    596,616     477,595     119,021     24.9%

Depreciation and amortization—hotels

    146,567     157,497     (10,930 )   (6.9)%

Depreciation and amortization—travel centers

    81,775     80,592     1,183     1.5%
                 

Total depreciation and amortization

    228,342     238,089     (9,747 )   (4.1)%

General and administrative

    40,963     38,961     2,002     5.1%

Acquisition related costs

    2,185         2,185    

Loss on asset impairment

    16,384     163,681     (147,297 )   (90.0)%

Operating income

   
325,843
   
167,162
   
158,681
   
94.9%

Interest income

   
70
   
260
   
(190

)
 
(73.1)%

Interest expense

    (134,110 )   (138,712 )   (4,602 )   (3.3)%

Loss on extinguishment of debt

        (6,720 )   6,720     (100.0)%

Equity in earnings (losses) of an investee

    139     (1 )   140     n/m
                 

Income before income taxes

    191,942     21,989     169,953     772.9%

Income tax expense

    (1,502 )   (638 )   864     135.4%
                 

Net income

    190,440     21,351     169,089     791.9%

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders

    160,560     (8,529 )   169,089     n/m

Weighted average shares outstanding

    123,470     123,403     67     0.1%

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders per common share

  $ 1.30   $ (0.07 ) $ 1.37     n/m

        The increase in hotel operating revenues in 2011 compared to 2010 was caused primarily by the increase in revenues at our managed hotels and the conversion of 18 hotels (formerly our Marriott No. 2 Contract) and 19 hotels (formerly our Marriott No. 4 Contract) from leased to managed properties effective January 1, 2011. Revenues at most of our managed hotels increased from 2010 due to higher occupancy rates and increases in average daily rate, or ADR. Additional operating statistics of our hotels are included in the table on page 76.

        The decrease in rental income—hotels is a result of the conversion of the 37 hotels from leased portfolios to managed portfolios as described above, partially offset by increases in the minimum rents due to us as we funded improvements at certain of our leased hotels in 2010 and 2011.

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        The increase in rental income—travel centers is primarily the result of the increase in rental income we recognized in 2011 under our leases with TA due to TA ceasing as of December 31, 2010, to be able to defer additional rent pursuant to our rent deferral agreement with TA ($23,196, including $4,789 of straight line rent) and the increase in rents due to us from TA as a result of our funding of improvements to certain of our travel centers in 2011 ($2,165), partially offset by the elimination of interest paid to us by TA on deferred rent amounts in 2010 ($14,100 and recorded as rental income in our consolidated financial statements) pursuant to the terms of our rent deferral agreement with TA (see Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on our agreements with TA).

        The increase in percentage rent—hotels is a result of increased sales at certain of our leased hotels in 2011 versus 2010.

        FF&E reserve income represents amounts paid by certain of our hotel tenants into restricted accounts owned by us, the purpose of which is to accumulate funds for future capital expenditures. The terms of our hotel leases require these amounts to be calculated as a percentage of total sales at our hotels. The decrease in FF&E reserve income is primarily the result of the conversion of the 37 hotels from leased to managed as described above, partially offset by increased levels of sales at certain of our leased hotels in 2011 versus 2010. We do not report the amounts, if any, which are escrowed as FF&E reserves for our managed hotels as FF&E reserve income.

        The increase in hotel operating expenses was primarily caused by the conversion of 37 hotels from leased to managed as described above, and increased expenses associated with higher occupancy at our managed hotels, partially offset by the funding by certain of our managers of minimum return deficiencies and our application of security deposits to cover minimum return deficiencies. Certain of our managed hotel portfolios had net operating results that were, in the aggregate, $60,264 and $85,592 less than the minimum returns due to us in 2011 and 2010, respectively. When the shortfalls are funded by the managers of these hotels under the terms of our operating agreements, we reflect these fundings (including security deposit applications) in our consolidated statements of income as a reduction to hotel operating expenses. The reduction in operating expenses was $58,771 and $85,592 in 2011 and 2010, respectively.

        The decrease in depreciation and amortization—hotels is primarily due to certain of our depreciable assets becoming fully depreciated in 2010 and 2011 and the impact of not recording depreciation on 21 hotels classified as held for sale beginning in July 2011 in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, partially offset by the depreciation and amortization of assets acquired with funds from our FF&E reserve accounts in 2010 and 2011.

        The increase in depreciation and amortization—travel centers is primarily due to the depreciation and amortization of improvements made to our travel centers during 2010 and 2011.

        The increase in general and administrative costs is primarily due to an increase in business management and legal fees in 2011 versus 2010.

        Acquisition related costs represent legal and other costs incurred in connection with our January 2012 acquisition of the entities that own or lease two Royal Sonesta Hotels as described above.

        We recorded a $163,681, or $1.33 per share, loss on asset impairment in the twelve months ended December 31, 2010 to reduce the carrying value of 49 of our hotels to their estimated fair value. We recorded a $16,384, or $0.13 per share, loss on asset impairment in the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 to further reduce the carrying value of certain of these hotels.

        The increase in operating income is primarily due to the revenue and expense changes discussed above, particularly the loss on asset impairment recorded in 2010.

        The decrease in interest income is due to lower average cash balances during 2011 versus 2010.

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        The decrease in interest expense is primarily due to lower weighted average interest rates and lower average borrowings in 2011 compared to 2010.

        In 2010, we recorded a $6,720 loss on the extinguishment of debt relating to the purchase of $185,696 face amount of our 3.8% convertible senior notes due 2027 for an aggregate purchase price of $185,626, excluding accrued interest. The loss on extinguishment of debt includes unamortized issuance costs and discounts of $7,260 and $588 of transaction costs, net of the equity component of the notes of $1,058.

        Equity in earnings (losses) of an investee represents our proportionate share of the earnings (losses) of AIC.

        The increase in income tax expense is primarily the result of an increase in state income taxes as a result of higher taxable income for state income tax purposes in the 2011 period compared to the 2010 period.

        The increases in net income, net income available for common shareholders and net income available for common shareholders per common share in 2011 are primarily a result of the changes discussed above, particularly the loss on asset impairment recorded in 2010.

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Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009

 
  For the Year Ended December 31,
 
  2010   2009   Increase
(Decrease)
  % Increase
(Decrease)
 
  (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

Revenues:

                       

Hotel operating revenues

  $ 736,363   $ 715,615   $ 20,748     2.9%

Rental income:

                       

Minimum rents—hotels

    135,077     128,984     6,093     4.7%

Minimum rents—travel centers

    190,244     172,074     18,170     10.6%
                 

    325,321     301,058     24,263     8.1%

Percentage rent—hotels

    1,450     1,426     24     1.7%
                 

Total rental income

    326,771     302,484     24,287     8.0%

FF&E reserve income

    22,354     18,934     3,420     18.1%

Expenses:

                       

Hotel operating expenses

    477,595     460,869     16,726     3.6%

Depreciation and amortization—hotels

    157,497     163,024     (5,527 )   (3.4)%

Depreciation and amortization—travel centers

    80,592     82,844     (2,252 )   (2.7)%
                 

Total depreciation and amortization

    238,089     245,868     (7,779 )   (3.2)%

General and administrative

    38,961     39,526     (565 )   (1.4)%

Loss on asset impairment

    163,681         163,681     n/m

Operating income

   
167,162
   
290,770
   
(123,608

)
 
(42.5)%

Interest income

   
260
   
214
   
46
   
21.5%

Interest expense

    (138,712 )   (143,410 )   (4,698 )   (3.3)%

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

    (6,720 )   51,097     (57,817 )   n/m

Equity in losses of an investee

    (1 )   (134 )   133     99.3%
                 

Income before income taxes

    21,989     198,537     (176,548 )   (88.9)%

Income tax expense

    (638 )   (5,196 )   (4,558 )   (87.7)%
                 

Net income

    21,351     193,341     (171,990 )   (89.0)%

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders

    (8,529 )   163,461     (171,990 )   n/m

Weighted average shares outstanding

    123,403     107,984     15,419     14.3%

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders per common share

  $ (0.07 ) $ 1.51   $ (1.58 )   n/m

        The increase in hotel operating revenues in 2010 compared to 2009 was caused by the increase in revenues at our managed hotels. Revenues at most of our managed hotels increased from 2009 due to higher occupancy rates, partially offset by declines in ADR at certain of our hotels. Additional operating statistics of our hotels are included in the table on page 76.

        The increase in minimum rents—hotels was a result of our funding of improvements at certain of our leased hotels in 2009 and 2010 that resulted in increases in the annual minimum rents due to us.

        The increase in rental income—travel centers was a result of contractual rent increases in our lease agreement with TA for 145 travel centers and interest of $14,100 earned on deferred rent amounts in 2010 pursuant to our rent deferral agreement with TA discussed in Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Rental income for both periods excludes $60,000 of rent deferred by TA under the rent deferral agreement.

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        The increase in percentage rent—hotels was the result of increased sales at certain of our leased hotels in 2010 versus 2009.

        The increase in FF&E reserve income was primarily due to increases in the percentage of sales contributed to our FF&E reserves by some of our tenants in 2010 and increased levels of hotel sales in 2010 versus 2009 at our leased hotels. We do not report the amounts which are escrowed as FF&E reserves for our managed hotels as FF&E reserve income.

        The increase in hotel operating expenses was primarily caused by increased expenses associated with higher occupancy at our managed hotels, partially offset by the funding by certain of our managers of minimum return deficiencies and our application of a security deposit to cover minimum return deficiencies. Certain of our managed hotel portfolios had net operating results that were, in the aggregate, $85,592 and $75,205 less than the minimum returns due to us in 2010 and 2009, respectively. These shortfalls were funded by the managers of these hotels under the terms of our operating agreements and we reflected these fundings (including security deposit applications) in our consolidated statements of income as a reduction to hotel operating expenses.

        The decrease in depreciation and amortization—hotels was primarily due to certain of our depreciable assets becoming fully depreciated in 2010 and 2009, partially offset by the depreciation and amortization of assets acquired with funds from our FF&E reserve accounts or separately funded by us in 2009 and 2010.

        The decrease in depreciation and amortization—travel centers was primarily due to certain of our depreciable assets becoming fully depreciated in 2010 and 2009, partially offset by the depreciation and amortization of improvements made to our travel centers during 2009 and 2010.

        The decrease in general and administrative expense was due primarily to lower professional services fees in 2010 versus 2009.

        We recorded $163,681, or $1.33 per share, loss on asset impairment in the twelve months ended December 31, 2010 to reduce the carrying value of 49 of our hotels to their estimated fair value.

        The decrease in operating income was primarily due to the revenue and expense changes discussed above, particularly the loss on asset impairment recorded in 2010.

        The increase in interest income was due to higher average restricted cash balances during 2010 versus 2009.

        The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to lower average borrowings, partially offset by higher weighted average interest rates during 2010 than in 2009.

        In 2010, we recorded a $6,720 loss on the extinguishment of debt relating to the purchase of $185,696 face amount of our 3.8% convertible senior notes due 2027 for an aggregate purchase price of $185,626, excluding accrued interest. The loss on extinguishment of debt includes unamortized issuance costs and discounts of $7,260 and $588 of transaction costs, net of the equity component of the notes of $1,058. The gain on extinguishment of debt in 2009 resulted from our purchase of $367,421 face amount of our 3.8% convertible senior notes due 2027 and various issues of our senior notes for an aggregate purchase price of $303,341, excluding accrued interest. The gain on extinguishment of debt is net of unamortized issuance costs and discounts of $17,837 and includes a portion of the allocated equity component on the convertible notes of $4,854.

        Equity in losses of an investee represents our proportionate share of the losses of AIC.

        The decrease in income tax expense is primarily the result of lower state income taxes due to a decrease in taxable income for state income tax purposes as a result of our increased common share distributions in 2010 compared to 2009.

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        The decreases in net income, net income available for common shareholders and net income available for common shareholders per common share in 2010 are primarily a result of the changes discussed above, particularly the loss on asset impairment recorded in 2010.

Liquidity and Capital Resources (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

Our Managers and Tenants

        As of December 31, 2011, all 473 of our properties are operated under eight management agreements or leases. All costs of operating and maintaining our properties are paid by our hotel managers as agents for us or by our tenants for their own account. These hotel managers and tenants derive their funding for property operating expenses, FF&E reserves, and returns and rents due to us generally from property operating revenues and, to the extent that these parties themselves fund our minimum returns and minimum rents, from their separate resources.

        We define coverage for each of our hotel management agreements or leases as total property sales minus all property level expenses that are not subordinated to the minimum returns and minimum rents due to us and the required FF&E reserve contributions, divided by the minimum return or minimum rent payments due to us. More detail regarding coverage, guarantees and other security features of our operating agreements is presented in the tables on pages 74 and 75. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, all six of our hotel operating agreements, generated coverage of less than 1.0x (0.50x to 0.83x).

        We define coverage for our travel center leases as property level sales minus all property level expenses divided by the minimum rent payments due to us. During the twelve months ended September 30, 2011, our two travel center leases, representing 185 properties, generated coverage of 1.55x and 1.47x, respectively. Because substantially all of TA's business is conducted at properties leased from us, property level rent coverage may not be an appropriate way to evaluate TA's ability to pay rents due to us. We believe property level rent coverage is nonetheless one useful indicator of the performance and value of our properties as we believe it is what an operator interested in acquiring these properties or leaseholds might use to evaluate these properties' contributions to their earnings before corporate level expenses.

        Two hundred ninety (290) of our properties, representing 63% of our total historical investments at cost as of December 31, 2011, are operated under six management arrangements or leases which are subject to full or limited guarantees. These guarantees may provide us with continued payments if the property level cash flows fail to equal or exceed guaranteed amounts due to us. Some of our managers and tenants, or their affiliates, may also supplement cash flow from our properties in order to make payments to us and preserve their rights to continue operating our properties even if they are not required to do so by guarantees. Guaranty or supplemental payments to us, if any, made under any of our management agreements or leases do not subject us to repayment obligations, but, under some of our agreements, the manager or tenant may recover these guaranty or supplemental payments from the future cash flows from our properties after our future minimum returns and minimum rents are paid.

        As described above, certain of our agreements are generating cash flows that are less than the minimum amounts contractually required and we have been utilizing the security features and guarantees in our agreements to cover these shortfalls. However, several of the guarantees and all the security deposits we hold are for limited amounts and are for limited durations and may be exhausted or expire, especially if our properties operations and our managers and tenants do not sufficiently recover from the recent recession in a reasonable time period. Accordingly, the effectiveness of our various security features to provide uninterrupted payments to us is not assured. If any of our hotel managers, tenants or guarantors default in their payment obligations to us, our cash flows will decline.

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Our Operating Liquidity and Capital Resources

        Our principal source of funds for current expenses and distributions to shareholders are minimum returns from our managed hotels and minimum rents from our leased hotels and travel centers. We receive minimum returns and minimum rents from our managers and tenants monthly. We receive additional returns, percentage rents and our share of the operating profits of our managed hotels after payment of management fees and other deductions, if any, either monthly or quarterly. This flow of funds has historically been sufficient for us to pay our operating expenses, debt service interest and distributions to shareholders declared by our Board of Trustees. We believe that our operating cash flow will be sufficient to meet our operating expenses, interest and distribution payments declared by our Board of Trustees for the next twelve months and the foreseeable future thereafter. However, because of the impact of the weak U.S. economy on the hotel and travel center industries, our managers and tenants may be unable to pay minimum returns and minimum rents to us when due, in which case our cash flow and net income will decline and we may need to reduce the amount of, or even eliminate, our distributions to common shareholders.

        Changes in our cash flows in the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010 were as follows: (1) cash flow provided by operating activities increased from $341,444 in 2010 to $355,102 in 2011; (2) cash used in investing activities decreased from $122,203 in 2010 to $94,307 in 2011; and (3) cash used in financing activities decreased from $344,758 in 2010 to $257,374 in 2011.

        The increase in cash provided by operating activities between 2011 and 2010 is due primarily to the increase in rental income we received pursuant to our amended TA leases and increases in our minimum returns and rents under certain of our hotel operating agreements. The decrease in cash used in investing activities is primarily due to the supplemental security deposit we received from InterContinental in 2011 pursuant to the agreement to realign our operating agreements as described above compared to a $17,220 refund of a security deposit for an expired lease in 2010, partially offset by an increase in the funding of improvements to certain of our hotels and travel centers in 2011. The decrease in cash used in financing activities between 2011 and 2010 is primarily a result of reduced net borrowings under our revolving credit facility in 2011 and our repurchase of $185,626 of our convertible senior notes in 2010 compared to no repurchases in 2011.

        We maintain our status as a REIT under the IRC by meeting certain requirements. As a REIT, we do not expect to pay federal income taxes on the majority of our income. The IRC, among other things, allows a REIT to lease hotels to TRSs if the hotels are managed by a third party. The income realized by our TRSs in excess of the rent they pay to us is subject to U.S. federal income tax at corporate tax rates. The income we receive from our hotels in Canada and Puerto Rico is subject to taxes in those jurisdictions and we are subject to taxes in certain states where we have properties.

Our Investment and Financing Liquidity and Capital Resources

        Various percentages of total sales at certain of our hotels are escrowed by us as FF&E reserves to fund future capital improvements. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, our hotel managers and hotel tenants contributed $50,834 to these accounts and $144,436 was spent from the FF&E reserve escrow accounts and from separate payments by us to renovate and refurbish our hotels. As of December 31, 2011, there was $50,196 on deposit in these escrow accounts, which was held directly by us and is reflected on our consolidated balance sheets as restricted cash.

        Our hotel operating agreements generally provide that, if necessary, we may provide our managers and tenants with funding for capital improvements to our hotels in excess of amounts otherwise available in escrowed FF&E reserves. To the extent we make such additional fundings, our annual minimum returns or minimum rents generally increase by a percentage of the amount we fund. During

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the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, we funded $63,177 for capital improvements in excess of FF&E reserve fundings available from hotel operations to our hotels, as follows:

    During the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, we funded $17,138 for improvements to hotels included in our Marriott No. 1 Contract using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently do not expect to make fundings for capital improvements materially in excess of amounts available in escrowed FF&E reserves under this agreement in 2012.

    Pursuant to the June 2011 agreement we entered with Marriott for management of 71 hotels, we agreed to provide approximately $102,000 of funding during the next two years for renovations of certain of these hotels and for other improvements. As we fund improvements pursuant to this agreement, the minimum returns payable to us increase. We funded $7,402 of this commitment during the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We expect to fund approximately $75,000 of this commitment during 2012 using our existing cash balances or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. Also pursuant to this agreement, 21 hotels included in the agreement were identified for sale; however, subsequent to December 31, 2011, we entered discussions with Marriott about retaining certain of these hotels in the agreement. If we retain certain of these hotels in the agreement, we will be required to fund previously agreed amounts for renovations to the retained hotels which are in addition to the fundings described above.

    Pursuant to the July 2011 agreement we entered with InterContinental for management of 130 hotels, we have committed to a renovation program for all of the hotels included in the new agreement pursuant to which we expect to invest approximately $300,000 over the next two years. Pursuant to the agreement, we may rebrand or sell up to 42 hotels included in the agreement. The final amount we are required to fund for renovations will be adjusted based on the number of hotels which we determine to rebrand or sell and remove from the agreement; however, if we determine to rebrand certain properties, we expect to be required to fund amounts for rebranding costs and renovations to the rebranded hotels. As we fund improvements pursuant to this agreement, the minimum returns payable to us increase. We funded $38,637 of this commitment during the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We expect to fund approximately $227,000 of this commitment during 2012 using our existing cash balances or borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        In November 2010, Host notified us that it will not exercise its renewal option at the end of the current lease term for 53 Courtyard hotels which we have historically referred to as our Marriott No. 1 Contract. Assuming that Host does not default in its contractual obligations to us, upon expiration of this agreement on December 31, 2012, we expect to return the $50,540 security deposit to Host. We expect to fund the return of this security deposit using existing cash balances or borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        Our travel center leases with TA do not require FF&E escrow deposits. However, TA is required to maintain the leased travel centers, including structural and non-structural components. Under both our leases with TA, TA may request that we fund additional amounts for capital improvements to the leased facilities in return for minimum rent increases. We funded $69,122 for capital improvements to TA under this lease provision during the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $75,000 for capital improvements to our travel center properties during 2012, using funds from our existing cash balances or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. However, TA is not obligated to request and we are not obligated to fund any such improvements.

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        On January 14, 2011, April 15, 2011, July 15, 2011 and October 17, 2011, we paid a $0.5546875 per share distribution to our Series B preferred shareholders with respect to the periods ending January 14, 2011, April 14, 2011, July 14, 2011 and October 14, 2011, respectively. On December 1, 2011, we declared a $0.5546875 per share distribution to our Series B preferred shareholders of record on December 30, 2011, with respect to the period ended January 14, 2012. We paid this amount on January 17, 2012. We funded these distributions using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        On February 15, 2011, May 16, 2011, August 15, 2011 and November 15, 2011, we paid a $0.4375 per share distribution to our Series C preferred shareholders with respect to the periods ending February 14, 2011, May 14, 2011, August 14, 2011 and November 14, 2011, respectively. On January 6, 2012, we declared a $0.4375 per share distribution to our Series C preferred shareholders of record on January 31, 2012, with respect to the period ending February 14, 2012. We paid this amount on February 15, 2012. We funded these distributions using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        On February 23, 2011, May 24, 2011, August 23, 2011 and November 23, 2011, we paid a $0.45 per share distribution to our common shareholders. On January 11, 2012, we declared a $0.45 per share distribution to our common shareholders of record on January 27, 2012. We paid this amount on February 23, 2012. We funded these distributions using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        On January 3, 2011, we repaid without penalty our 8.3% mortgage note payable, which had a principal balance of $3,383, using existing cash balances.

        In July 2011, we sold our Holiday Inn branded hotel in Memphis, Tennessee, for net proceeds of $6,905. We used the net proceeds to reduce amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility.

        In January 2012, we sold 11,600,000 Series D cumulative redeemable preferred shares, or our Series D Preferred Shares, at a price of $25.00 per share in a public offering. The distribution rate on the preferred shares is 7.125% of the liquidation preference per year, or $1.78125 per share per year. Net proceeds from this sale of $280,365 (after underwriting and other offering expenses) were used to repay amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility and to fund acquisitions.

        On January 31, 2012, we acquired the entities which own the Royal Sonesta Hotel Boston in Cambridge, Massachusetts and lease the Royal Sonesta Hotel New Orleans in New Orleans, Louisana for $150,500, excluding acquisition costs. The purchase price was funded with proceeds from the offering of our Series D Preferred Shares described above.

        On February 10, 2012, we entered an agreement to sell our Marriott branded hotel in St. Louis, Missouri with 601 rooms. The contract sales price is $35,000, excluding closing costs. We expect to complete this sale in the second quarter of 2012. This pending transaction is subject to buyer's completion of due diligence and other customary closing conditions; accordingly, we can provide no assurances that we will sell this hotel.

        On February 13, 2012, we redeemed all of our 3,450,000 outstanding of 8.875% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares at the stated liquidation preference price of $25 per share plus accrued and unpaid distributions to the date of redemption. We funded this redemption using existing cash balances and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

        In order to fund capital improvements to our properties and acquisitions and to meet cash needs that may result from timing differences between our receipt of returns and rents and our desire or need to make distributions or pay operating expenses, we maintain a revolving credit facility with a group of institutional lenders. On September 8, 2011, we entered a new $750,000 unsecured revolving credit facility. The new facility replaced our previous $750,000 unsecured revolving credit facility, which

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had a maturity date of October 24, 2011. The maturity date of the new facility is September 7, 2015 and, subject to the payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, includes an option for us to extend the facility for one year to September 7, 2016. Interest paid under the new facility is set at LIBOR plus 130 basis points, subject to adjustments based on our senior unsecured debt ratings. The annual interest rate payable on our borrowings under the facility was 1.59% as of December 31, 2011. We may draw, repay and redraw funds until maturity, and no principal repayment is due until maturity. As of December 31, 2011 and February 28, 2012, we had $149,000 and $185,000, respectively, outstanding under our revolving credit facility.

        Our term debt maturities (other than our revolving credit facility) are as follows: $100,829 in 2012, $287,000 in 2013, $300,000 in 2014, $280,000 in 2015, $275,000 in 2016, $300,000 in 2017, $350,000 in 2018, and $79,054 in 2027. Our $79,054 of 3.8% convertible senior notes due 2027 are convertible into our common shares, if certain conditions are met (including certain changes in control), into cash equal to the principal amount of the notes and, to the extent the market price of our common shares exceeds the exchange price of $50.50 per share, subject to adjustment, either cash or our common shares at our option with a value based on such excess amount. Holders of our convertible senior notes may require us to repurchase all or a portion of the notes on March 20, 2012, March 15, 2017 and March 15, 2022, or upon the occurrence of certain change in control events.

        None of our other debt obligations require principal or sinking fund payments prior to their maturity dates.

        At December 31, 2011, we had $8,303 of cash (excluding restricted cash) and cash equivalents and $601,000 available to borrow under our revolving credit facility. We expect to use existing cash balances, the cash flow from our operations, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and net proceeds of offerings of equity or debt securities to fund future debt maturities and property acquisitions and for other general business purposes.

        When significant amounts are outstanding for an extended period of time under our revolving credit facility and as the maturity dates of our revolving credit facility and term debts approach, we currently expect we would explore alternatives for the repayment of amounts due. Such alternatives in the short term and long term may include incurring additional debt and issuing new equity securities. We have an effective shelf registration statement that allows us to issue public securities on an expedited basis, but it does not assure that there will be buyers for such securities.

        While we believe we will have access to various types of financings, including debt or equity, to fund our future acquisitions and to pay our debts and other obligations, there can be no assurance that we will be able to complete any debt or equity offerings or that our cost of any future public or private financings will be reasonable.

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        As of December 31, 2011, our contractual obligations were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 
  Payment due by period  
Contractual Obligations
  Total   Less than
1 year
  1 - 3 years   3 - 5 years   More than
5 years
 

Long-term debt obligations(1)

  $ 2,120,883   $ 179,883   $ 587,000   $ 704,000   $ 650,000  

Ground lease obligations(2)

    140,706     12,906     24,642     20,925     82,233  

Security deposits(3)

    106,422     50,540             55,882  

Capital improvements(4)

    358,663     302,481     56,182          

Projected interest expense(5)

    499,071     128,100     210,324     117,033     43,614  

Purchase obligations(6)

    150,500     150,500              
                       

Total

  $ 3,376,245   $ 824,410   $ 878,148   $ 841,958   $ 831,729  
                       

(1)
Holders of our convertible senior notes ($79,054 due in 2027) may require us to repurchase all or a portion of the notes on March 20, 2012, March 15, 2017 and March 15, 2022, or upon the occurrence of certain change in control events prior to March 20, 2012. The amounts in the table reflect these notes in the "Less than 1 year" category as we expect to be required by their holders to repurchase them on March 20, 2012.

(2)
14 of our hotels and 20 of our travel centers are on land leased partially or in its entirety. In each case the ground lessors are unrelated to us. Generally, payments of ground lease obligations are made by our managers or tenants. However, if a manager or tenant fails to perform obligations under a ground lease or elects not to renew any ground lease, we might have to perform obligations under the ground lease or renew the ground lease in order to protect our investment in the affected hotel or travel center.

(3)
Represents the security deposit balance as of December 31, 2011. We may draw upon security deposits to cover any rent or return shortfalls thereby decreasing the potential obligation to repay some of these deposits.

(4)
Represents amounts we have agreed to fund for capital improvements to our hotels in excess of amounts available in FF&E reserves as of December 31, 2011.

(5)
Projected interest expense is interest attributable to only the long term debt obligations listed above at existing rates and is not intended to project future interest costs which may result from debt prepayments, new debt issuances or changes in interest rates.

(6)
Represents the purchase price we paid to acquire two Royal Sonesta Hotels on January 31, 2012.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

        As of December 31, 2011, we had no off balance sheet arrangements that have had or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Debt Covenants

        Our debt obligations at December 31, 2011, consist of our revolving credit facility and $1,971,883 of unsecured term debt and convertible notes. Our unsecured term debt and convertible notes are governed by an indenture. This indenture and related supplements and our revolving credit facility agreement contain a number of financial ratio covenants which generally restrict our ability to incur debts, including debts secured by mortgages on our properties, in excess of calculated amounts, require us to maintain a minimum net worth, restrict our ability to make distributions under certain circumstances and require us to maintain various financial ratios. As of December 31, 2011, we believe

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we were in compliance with all of our covenants under our indenture and its supplements and our revolving credit facility agreement.

        Neither our indenture and its supplements nor our revolving credit facility agreement contains provisions for acceleration which could be triggered by our debt ratings. However, under our revolving credit facility agreement, our highest senior unsecured debt rating is used to determine the fees and interest rate we pay. Accordingly, if that debt rating is downgraded by certain credit rating agencies, our interest expense and related costs under our revolving credit facility would increase.

        Our public debt indenture and its supplements contain cross default provisions to any other debts of $20,000 or more. Similarly, our revolving credit facility agreement has cross default provisions to other indebtedness that is recourse of $25,000 or more and indebtedness that is non-recourse of $75,000 or more.

Related Person Transactions

        We have relationships among us, our Trustees, our executive officers, RMR, TA, Sonesta and AIC and other companies to which RMR provides management services and others affiliated with or related to them. For example, we have no employees; personnel and various services we require to operate our business are provided to us by RMR pursuant to management agreements. Also, as a further example, we have relationships with other companies to which RMR provides management services and with companies affiliated with RMR and which have trustees, directors and officers who are also Trustees, directors or officers of ours or RMR, including TA, which is our former subsidiary and our largest tenant, and we are its largest shareholder; Sonesta, which manages, and from which we purchased, certain of our properties; and AIC, an Indiana insurance company, of which we, RMR, CWH, SNH, GOV, TA and Five Star each currently own approximately 14.29% and with respect to which we and the other shareholders of AIC have property insurance in place providing $500,000 of coverage pursuant to an insurance program arranged by AIC and with respect to which AIC is a reinsurer of certain coverage amounts. For further information about these and other such relationships and related person transactions and about the risks which may arise as a result of those and other related person transactions and relationships, please see Note 8 to the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated herein by reference. In addition, for more information about these transactions and relationships, please see elsewhere in this report, including "Warning Concerning Forward Looking Statements" and the "Risk Factors" section for a description of risks which may arise from these transactions and relationships.

        We believe that our agreements with RMR, TA, Sonesta and AIC are on commercially reasonable terms. We also believe that our relationships with RMR, TA, Sonesta and AIC and their affiliated and related persons and entities benefit us, and, in fact, provide us with competitive advantages in operating and growing our business.

Critical Accounting Policies

        Our critical accounting policies are those that will have the most impact on the reporting of our financial condition and results of operations and those requiring significant judgments and estimates. We believe that our judgments and estimates are consistently applied and produce financial information that fairly presents our results of operations. Our most critical accounting policies involve our investments in real property. These policies affect our:

    classification of leases and the related impact on the recognition of rental income;

    allocation of purchase prices between various asset categories and the related impact on the recognition of depreciation and amortization expenses;

    assessment of the carrying values and impairments of real estate and intangible assets;

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    variable interest entities; and

    income taxes.

        Certain of our properties are leased on a triple net basis, pursuant to non-cancelable, fixed term, operating leases. Each time we enter a new lease or materially modify an existing lease we evaluate its classification as either a capital or operating lease. The classification of a lease as capital or operating affects the carrying value of a property, as well as our recognition of rental payments as revenue. These evaluations require us to make estimates of, among other things, the remaining useful life and market value of a leased property, appropriate present value discount rates and future cash flows. Incorrect assumptions or estimates may result in misclassification of our leases.

        We allocate the acquisition cost of each property investment to various property components such as land, buildings and equipment and intangibles based on their fair values and each component generally has a different useful life. For real estate acquired, we record building, land, furniture, fixtures and equipment, and, if applicable, the value of acquired in-place leases, the fair market value of above or below market leases and customer relationships at fair value. We allocate the excess, if any, of the consideration over the fair value of assets acquired to goodwill. We base purchase price allocations and the determination of useful lives on our estimates and, under some circumstances, studies from independent real estate appraisal firms to provide market information and evaluations that are relevant to our purchase price allocations and determinations of useful lives; however, we are ultimately responsible for the purchase price allocations and determination of useful lives.

        We compute depreciation expense using the straight line method over estimated useful lives of up to 40 years for buildings and improvements, and up to 12 years for personal property. We amortize the value of intangible assets over the shorter of their estimated useful lives, or the term of the respective lease or the affected contract. We do not depreciate the allocated cost of land. Purchase price allocations and estimates of useful lives require us to make certain assumptions and estimates. Incorrect assumptions and estimates may result in inaccurate depreciation and amortization charges over future periods.

        We periodically evaluate our real estate and other assets for possible impairment indicators. These indicators may include weak or declining operating profitability, cash flow or liquidity, our decision to dispose of an asset before the end of its estimated useful life or market or industry changes that could permanently reduce the value of our investments. If indicators of impairment are present, we evaluate the carrying value of the related investment by comparing it to the expected future undiscounted cash flows to be generated from that investment. If the sum of these expected future cash flows is less than the carrying value, we reduce the net carrying value of the property to its estimated fair value.

        We test our indefinite lived intangible assets for impairment on an annual basis and on an interim basis if events or changes in circumstances between annual tests indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test requires us to determine the estimated fair value of the intangible asset. An impairment charge is recorded if the fair value is determined to be lower than the carrying value.

        We determine the fair value for our long lived assets and indefinite lived intangible assets by evaluating recent financial performance and projecting discounted cash flows using standard industry valuation techniques. These analyses require us to judge whether indicators of impairment exist and to estimate likely future cash flows. If we misjudge or estimate incorrectly or if future operating profitability, market or industry factors differ from our expectations, we may record an impairment charge which is inappropriate, fail to record a charge when we should have done so or the amount of such charges may be inaccurate.

        We have determined that each of our TRSs is a variable interest entity, or VIE, as defined under the Consolidation Topic of the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards CodificationTM, or the Codification. We have concluded that we must consolidate each of our TRSs

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because we are the entity with the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact such VIEs' performance and we have the obligation to absorb the majority of the potential variability in gains and losses of each VIE, with the primary focus on losses, and are therefore the primary beneficiary of each VIE.

        We account for income taxes in accordance with the Income Taxes Topic of the Codification. Under this Topic, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We establish valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that are expected to be realized when necessary. We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under the IRC and are generally not subject to federal and state income taxation on our operating income provided we distribute our taxable income to our shareholders and meet certain organization and operating requirements. Despite our REIT status, we are subject to income tax in Canada, Puerto Rico and in certain states. Further, we lease our managed hotels to our wholly owned TRSs that, unlike most of our subsidiaries, are generally subject to federal, state and foreign income tax. Our consolidated income tax provision (or benefit) includes the income tax provision (or benefit) related to the operations of the TRSs and state and foreign income taxes incurred by us despite our tax status as a REIT. The Income Taxes Topic also prescribes how we should recognize, measure and present in our financial statements uncertain tax positions that have been taken or are expected to be taken in a tax return. Deferred tax benefits are recognized only to the extent that it is "more likely than not" that a particular tax position will be sustained upon examination or audit. To the extent the "more likely than not" standard has been satisfied, the benefit associated with a tax position is measured as the largest amount that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon settlement. Tax returns filed for the 2008 through 2011 tax years are subject to examination by taxing authorities. We classify interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions, if any, in our financial statements as a component of general and administrative expense.

        These policies involve significant judgments made based upon experience, including judgments about current valuations, ultimate realizable value, estimated useful lives, salvage or residual value, the ability and willingness of our tenants and operators to perform their obligations to us, and the current and likely future operating and competitive environments in which our properties operate. In the future, we may need to revise our carrying value assessments to incorporate information which is not now known, and such revisions could increase or decrease our depreciation expense related to properties we own, result in the classification of our leases as other than operating leases or decrease the carrying values of our assets.

Property Management Agreements, Leases and Operating Statistics

        As of December 31, 2011, we owned 288 hotels and 185 travel centers that are grouped into eight operating agreements. As of December 31, 2011, our hotels are managed by or leased to subsidiaries of hotel operating companies including InterContinental, Marriott, Host, Hyatt and Carlson under six agreements. Our 185 travel centers are leased to and operated by subsidiaries of TA under two agreements.

        The tables on the following pages summarize significant terms of our leases and management agreements as of December 31, 2011. The tables also include statistics reported to us or derived from information reported to us by our managers and tenants. These statistics include coverage of our minimum returns or minimum rents and occupancy, ADR and revenue per available room, or RevPAR, for our hotel properties. We consider these statistics and the management agreement or lease security features also presented in the tables on the following pages, to be important measures of our managers' and tenants' success in operating our properties and their ability to continue to pay us. However, none of this third party reported information is a direct measure of our financial performance and we have not independently verified this data.

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Property Brand:
  Courtyard by
Marriott®
  Marriott® / Residence
Inn by Marriott® /
Courtyard by
Marriott® /
TownePlace Suites by
Marriott® / SpringHill
Suites by Marriott®
  Marriott®   Staybridge Suites® /
Candlewood Suites® /
InterContinental® /
Crowne Plaza® /
Holiday Inn®

Agreement Reference Name:

  Marriott (no. 1)   Marriott (no. 234)(1)   Marriott (no. 5)   InterContinental(2)

Number of Properties:

  53   71(3)   1   130(4)

Number of Rooms / Suites:

  7,610   9,954   356   19,892

Number of States:

  24   24   1   31 plus Ontario and Puerto Rico

Tenant:

  Subsidiary of Host.   Our TRS.   Subsidiary of Marriott.   Our TRS and a subsidiary of InterContinental.

Manager:

  Subsidiary of Marriott.   Subsidiary of Marriott.   Subsidiary of Marriott.   Subsidiary of InterContinental.

Investment (000s)(5):

  $676,948   $957,026   $90,078   $1,820,743

Security Deposit (000s):

  $50,540   $—(6)     $55,820(7)

End of Current Term:

  2012   2025   2019   2036

Renewal Options(8):

  3 for 12 years each.(9)   2 for 10 years each.   4 for 15 years each.   2 for 15 years each.

Annual Minimum Return / Minimum Rent (000s)(10):

  $67,557   $98,854   $9,495   $156,220

Additional Return:

    62.5% of excess cash flow(11)     $14,423; 50% of excess cash flow(12)

Percentage Rent(13):

  5.0% of revenues above 1994/95 revenues.     CPI based calculation.  

Return / Rent Coverage(14):

               

Twelve months ended 12/31/10:

  0.75x   0.67x   0.17x   0.63x

Twelve months ended 12/31/11:

  0.81x   0.73x   0.50x   0.83x

Other Security Features:

  HPT controlled lockbox with minimum balance maintenance requirement; tenant minimum net worth requirement.   Limited guaranty provided by Marriott.(15)   Marriott guaranty.  

(1)
In June 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align three of our contracts with Marriott. The three contracts, which we historically referred to as our Marriott Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Contracts concerning 71 hotels, have been combined under one agreement, which expires in 2025 and is referred to herein as the Marriott No. 234 Contract.

(2)
In July 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align our four contracts with InterContinental. The four contracts concerning 130 hotels (one hotel was sold in July 2011), have been combined under one agreement, which expires in 2036.

(3)
We are considering the sale of 21 hotels included in this agreement, consisting of nine TownePlace Suites hotels, six Residence Inn hotels, five Courtyard hotels and one Marriott hotel. On February 10, 2012, we entered an agreement to sell our Marriott branded hotel in St. Louis, Missouri. The information provided in this table includes these 21 hotels.

(4)
In connection with the re-alignment described in Note 2, we may decide to pursue the sale or rebranding of up to 42 hotels included in this agreement. The information provided in this table includes these 42 hotels.

(5)
Represents historical cost of properties plus capital improvements funded by us and excludes impairment writedowns and capital improvements made from FF&E reserves funded from hotel operations.

(6)
The original amount of this security deposit was $64,700. As of December 31, 2011 we have fully exhausted this security deposit covering shortfalls in payments of our minimum return.

(7)
The original amount of this security deposit was $36,872. As part of the July 2011 agreement described in Note 2, InterContinental provided us with an additional $37,000 to supplement the existing security deposit that secures InterContinental's obligations under the new agreement. As of December 31, 2011, we have applied $18,052 of the security deposit to cover deficiencies in the minimum returns and rent paid by InterContinental for these agreements. We received $13,933 less than the minimum amounts due in January and February 2012 and applied the available security deposit to cover these amounts. As of February 28, 2012, the balance of this security deposit is $41,887.

(8)
Renewal options may be exercised by the manager or tenant for all, but not less than all, of the properties within each combination of properties.

(9)
In November 2010, Host notified us that it will not exercise its renewal option at the end of the current lease term. Assuming no default by Host, upon expiration of the agreement on December 31, 2012, we expect to return the $50,540 security deposit to Host, to lease the hotels to one of our TRSs and to continue the existing hotel brand and management agreements with Marriott with respect to these hotels. In June 2011, Marriott provided notice to us that it intends to exercise its option to renew these management agreements for an additional 12 years to 2024. The renewal options presented are Marriott's options related to its management agreement.

(10)
Each management agreement or lease provides for payment to us of an annual minimum return or minimum rent, respectively. Management fees are generally subordinated to these minimum payment amounts and certain minimum payments are subject to full or limited guarantees.

(11)
This management agreement provides for payment to us of 62.5% of available cash flow after payment of operating costs, funding the FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return, payment of certain management fees, replenishment of the security deposit, and reimbursement of guarantee payments.

(12)
This agreement provides for an annual additional return payment to us of the amount stated to the extent of available cash flow after payment of operating costs, funding of the FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return, payment of certain management fees and replenishment and expansion of the security deposit. In addition, the agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the available cash flow after payment to us of the annual additional return amount. These amounts are not guaranteed or secured by deposits.

(13)
Certain of our leases provide for payment to us of a percentage of increases in total sales over base year levels.

(14)
We define coverage as total property sales minus all property level expenses which are not subordinated to minimum payments to us and the required FF&E reserve contributions (which data is provided to us by our managers or tenants), divided by the minimum returns or minimum rent payments due to us. Coverage data for the Marriott No. 234 and InterContinental Contracts has been adjusted to reflect the terms of the new combined contracts. Effective July 1, 2011 through December 31, 2013, InterContinental is not required to make FF&E reserve contributions under the terms of the agreement entered in July 2011. The coverage amounts for InterContinental provided have been calculated without a deduction for FF&E reserve contributions for periods subsequent to June 30, 2011.

(15)
As of December 31, 2011, the available Marriott guaranty was $30,873.

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Property Brand:
  Hyatt Place®   Radisson® Hotels &
Resorts/ Park Plaza®
Hotels & Resorts/
Country Inns &
Suites®
  TravelCenters of
America®
  Petro Stopping Centers®   Total/
Range/
Average (all
investments)

Agreement Reference Name:

  Hyatt   Carlson   TA (no. 1)   TA (no. 2)   8

Number of Properties:

  22   11   145   40   473

Number of Rooms / Suites:

  2,724   2,096       42,632

Number of States:

  14   7   39   25   44 plus Ontario and Puerto Rico

Tenant:

  Our TRS.   Our TRS.   Subsidiary of TA.   Subsidiary of TA.   5 Tenants

Manager:

  Subsidiary of
Hyatt.
  Subsidiary of
Carlson.
  TA.   TA.   5 Managers

Investment (000s)(1):

  $301,942   $202,251   $1,897,029   $725,407   $6,671,424

Security Deposit (000s):

          $106,360

End of Current Term:

  2030   2030   2022   2024   2012-2036 (average 15 years)

Renewal Options(2):

  2 for 15 years each.
years each.
  2 for 15 years each.     2 for 15 years each.  

Annual Minimum Return / Minimum Rent (000s)(3):

  $22,037   $12,920   $144,391(4)   $55,852(4)   $567,326

Additional Return:

  50% of cash flow in excess of minimum return.(5)   50% of cash flow in excess of minimum return.(5)       $14,423

Percentage Rent(6):

      3% of non-fuel revenues and .3% of fuel revenues above 2011 revenues.   3% of non-fuel revenues and .3% of fuel revenues above 2012 revenues.(7)  

Return / Rent Coverage(8)(9):

                   

Twelve months ended 12/31/10:

  0.71x   0.59x   1.28x   1.15x   0.17x - 1.28x

Twelve months ended 12/31/11:

  0.81x   0.64x   1.55x(10)   1.47x(10)   0.50x - 1.69x

Other Security Features:

  Limited guaranty provided by Hyatt; parent minimum net worth requirement.(11)   Limited guaranty provided by Carlson; parent minimum net worth requirement.(12)   TA parent guaranty.(13)   TA parent guaranty.(13)  

(1)
Represents historical cost of properties plus capital improvements funded by us and excludes impairment writedowns and capital improvements made from FF&E reserves funded from hotel operations.

(2)
Renewal options may be exercised by the manager or tenant for all, but not less than all, of the properties within each combination of properties.

(3)
Each management agreement or lease provides for payment to us of an annual minimum return or minimum rent, respectively. Management fees are generally subordinated to these minimum payment amounts and certain minimum payments are subject to full or limited guarantees.

(4)
Effective January 1, 2011, we entered a lease amendment with TA and the rents presented above represent TA's contractual obligations under the amended lease. The amounts presented for the TA No. 1 lease include approximately $5,069 of ground rent due to us from TA.

(5)
These agreements provide for payment to us of 50% of available cash flow after payment of operating costs, funding the FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return and reimbursement to the managers of working capital and guaranty advances, if any.

(6)
Certain of our leases provide for payment to us of a percentage of increases in total sales over base year levels.

(7)
We have agreed to waive payment of the first $2,500 of percentage rent which may become due under the TA No. 2 lease as part of the agreement described in note 4 above.

(8)
We define coverage as total property sales minus all property level expenses which are not subordinated to minimum payments to us and the required FF&E reserve contributions (which data is provided to us by our managers or tenants), divided by the minimum return or minimum rent payments due to us.

(9)
TA rent coverage ratios were calculated based upon the contractual rent amounts and do not reflect the effect of any rent deferral.

(10)
Represents data for the twelve months ended September 30, 2011. Data for the period ended December 31, 2011 is currently not available from our tenant, TA.

(11)
At December 31, 2011, the remaining unpaid amount of the Hyatt guaranty was $21,020.

(12)
At December 31, 2011, the remaining unpaid amount of the Carlson guaranty was $25,598.

(13)
The TA guaranty is unlimited.

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        The following tables summarize the operating statistics, including occupancy, ADR and RevPAR reported to us by our hotel managers or tenants by management agreement or lease for the periods indicated. We have not independently verified this data.

Management/Lease Agreement
  No. of
Hotels
  No. of
Rooms /Suites
  2011(1)   2010(1)   Change

ADR

                             

InterContinental(2)(3)

    130     19,892   $ 84.82   $ 81.99     3.5%

Marriott (no. 1)

    53     7,610     108.10     104.87     3.1%

Marriott (no. 234)(4)

    71     9,954     100.97     98.03     3.0%

Marriott (no. 5)

    1     356     216.88     189.37     14.5%

Hyatt

    22     2,724     87.59     83.35     5.1%

Carlson

    11     2,096     87.11     83.55     4.3%
                     

Total/Average

    288     42,632   $ 93.84   $ 90.50     3.7%

OCCUPANCY

                             

InterContinental(2)(3)

    130     19,892     75.3 %   72.8 %   2.5 Pts

Marriott (no. 1)

    53     7,610     65.1 %   61.8 %   3.3 Pts

Marriott (no. 234)(4)

    71     9,954     69.9 %   67.5 %   2.4 Pts

Marriott (no. 5)

    1     356     85.6 %   82.5 %   3.1 Pts

Hyatt

    22     2,724     76.9 %   77.0 %   -0.1 Pts

Carlson

    11     2,096     64.2 %   60.2 %   4.0 Pts
                     

Total/Average

    288     42,632     71.9 %   69.3 %   2.6 Pts

RevPAR

                             

InterContinental(2)(3)

    130     19,892   $ 63.87   $ 59.69     7.0%

Marriott (no. 1)

    53     7,610     70.37     64.81     8.6%

Marriott (no. 234)(4)

    71     9,954     70.58     66.17     6.7%

Marriott (no. 5)

    1     356     185.65     156.23     18.8%

Hyatt

    22     2,724     67.36     64.18     5.0%

Carlson

    11     2,096     55.92     50.30     11.2%
                     

Total/Average

    288     42,632   $ 67.47   $ 62.72     7.6%

(1)
Includes data for the calendar periods indicated, except for our Marriott branded hotels, which include data for comparable fiscal periods.

(2)
On July 19, 2011, we sold our Holiday Inn branded hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. The information provided in this table excludes this hotel.

(3)
In July 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align our four contracts with InterContinental. The four contracts, which we historically referred to as our InterContinental Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 Contracts concerning 130 hotels, have been combined under one agreement. In connection with this agreement, we may decide to pursue the sale or rebranding of up to 42 hotels included in this agreement. The information provided in this table includes these 42 hotels.

(4)
In June 2011, we entered an agreement to re-align three of our contracts with Marriott. The three contracts, which we historically referred to as our Marriott Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Contracts concerning 71 hotels, have been combined under one agreement. In connection with this agreement, we are considering the sale of 21 hotels included in this agreement. On February 10, 2012, we entered an agreement to sell our Marriott branded hotel in St. Louis, Missouri. The information provided in this table includes these 21 hotels.

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Seasonality

        Our hotels and travel centers have historically experienced seasonal differences typical of their industries with higher revenues in the second and third quarters of calendar years compared with the first and fourth quarters. So long as guarantees and security deposits are available to supplement earnings shortfalls at our properties, this seasonality is not expected to cause material fluctuations in our income or cash flow because our contractual management agreements and leases require our managers and tenants to make the substantial portion of our return payments and rents to us in equal amounts throughout a year. If and as guarantees and security deposits which secure the minimum rents and returns due to us are exhausted our financial results may begin to reflect the seasonality of the industries in which our tenants and managers operate.

Impact of Inflation

        Inflation might have both positive and negative impacts upon us. Inflation might cause the value of our real estate investments to increase. In an inflationary environment, the percentage returns and rents which we receive based upon a percentage of gross revenues should increase. Offsetting these benefits, inflation might cause our costs of equity and debt capital and other operating costs to increase. An increase in our capital costs or in our operating costs will result in decreased earnings unless it is offset by increased revenues. In periods of rapid inflation, our managers' or tenants' operating costs may increase faster than revenues and this fact may have an adverse impact upon us if the operating income from our properties becomes insufficient to pay our returns or rents and the security features, such as security deposits or guarantees of our returns or rents are exhausted. To mitigate the adverse impact of increased costs of debt capital in the event of material inflation, we may enter into interest rate hedge arrangements in the future; the decision to enter into these agreements will be based on the amount of our floating rate debt outstanding, our belief that material interest rate increases are likely to occur, the requirements of our borrowing arrangements and the cost of such hedge arrangements.

Impact of Climate Change

        The ongoing political debate about climate change has resulted in various treaties, laws and regulations which are intended to limit carbon emissions. We believe these laws being enacted or proposed may cause energy costs at our hotel and travel center properties to increase. We do not expect the direct impact of these increases to be material to our results of operations, because the increased costs either would be the responsibility of our tenants or managers directly or in the longer term, passed through and paid by customers of our properties. Although we do not believe it is likely in the foreseeable future, laws enacted to mitigate climate change may make some of our buildings obsolete or cause us to make material investments in our properties which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition or the financial condition of our tenants or managers and their ability to pay rent or returns to us.

Non-GAAP Measures

        We provide below calculations of our funds from operations, or FFO, and Normalized FFO for the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. We believe that this data may facilitate an understanding of our consolidated historical operating results. These measures should be considered in conjunction with net income and cash flow from operating activities as presented in our Consolidated Statements of Income and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow. These measures do not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income, net income available to common shareholders or cash flow from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP, as indicators of our financial performance or liquidity,

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nor are these measures necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of our needs. Other REITs and real estate companies may calculate FFO and Normalized FFO differently than we do.

Funds From Operations and Normalized Funds From Operations

        We calculate FFO and Normalized FFO as shown below. FFO is calculated on the basis defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, which is net income, calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding gain or loss on sale of properties, plus real estate depreciation and amortization and impairment of assets. Our calculation of Normalized FFO differs from NAREIT's definition of FFO because we include percentage rent in the period it is received rather than when it is recognized as income in accordance with GAAP and exclude gain (loss) on early extinguishment of debt and acquisition related costs. We consider FFO and Normalized FFO to be appropriate measures of performance for a REIT, along with net income and cash flow from operating, investing and financing activities. We believe that FFO and Normalized FFO provide useful information to investors because by excluding the effects of certain historical amounts, such as depreciation expense, FFO and Normalized FFO can facilitate a comparison of operating performances between periods. FFO and Normalized FFO are among the factors considered by our Board of Trustees when determining the amount of distributions to our shareholders. Other factors include, but are not limited to, requirements to maintain our status as a REIT, limitations in our revolving credit facility and public debt covenants, the availability of debt and equity capital to us and our expectation of our future capital requirements and operating performance.

        Our calculations of FFO and Normalized FFO for the twelve months ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, and reconciliations of FFO and Normalized FFO to net income available for common shareholders, the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP reported in our consolidated financial statements, appear in the following table.

 
  Year Ended December 31,  
 
  2011   2010   2009  

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders

  $ 160,560   $ (8,529 ) $ 163,461  

Depreciation and amortization

    228,342     238,089     245,868  

Loss on asset impairment

    16,384     163,681      
               

FFO

    405,286     393,241     409,329  

Acquisition related costs

    2,185          

Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt

        6,720     (51,097 )
               

Normalized FFO

  $ 407,471   $ 399,961   $ 358,232  
               

Weighted average shares outstanding

    123,470     123,403     107,984  
               

Net income (loss) available for common shareholders per share

  $ 1.30   $ (0.07 ) $ 1.51  
               

FFO per share

  $ 3.28   $ 3.19   $ 3.79  
               

Normalized FFO per share

  $ 3.30   $ 3.24   $ 3.32  
               

Distributions declared per share

  $ 1.80   $ 1.80   $  
               

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Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk (dollar amounts in thousands)

        We are exposed to risks associated with market changes in interest rates. We manage our exposure to this market risk by monitoring available financing alternatives. Our strategy to manage exposure to changes in interest rates is unchanged from December 31, 2010. Other than as described below, we do not foresee any significant changes in our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates or in how we manage this exposure in the near future.

        As of December 31, 2011, our outstanding publicly tradable debt consisted of seven issues of fixed rate, senior unsecured notes and one issue of fixed rate, convertible senior notes:

Principal
Balance
  Annual
Interest Rate
  Annual Interest
Expense
  Maturity   Interest
Payments Due
$ 100,829     6.850 % $ 6,907     2012   Semi-Annually
  287,000     6.750 %   19,373     2013   Semi-Annually
  300,000     7.875 %   23,625     2014   Semi-Annually
  280,000     5.125 %   14,350     2015   Semi-Annually
  275,000     6.300 %   17,325     2016   Semi-Annually
  300,000     5.625 %   16,875     2017   Semi-Annually
  350,000     6.700 %   23,450     2018   Semi-Annually
  79,054     3.800 %   3,004     2027 (1) Semi-Annually
                     
$ 1,971,883         $ 124,909          
                     

(1)
The convertible senior notes are convertible, if certain conditions are met (including certain changes in control), into cash equal to the principal amount of the notes and, to the extent the market price of our common shares exceeds the initial exchange price of $50.50 per share, subject to adjustment, either cash or our common shares at our option with a value based on such excess amount. Holders of our convertible senior notes may require us to repurchase all or a portion of the notes on March 20, 2012, March 15, 2017 and March 15, 2022, or upon the occurrence of certain change in control events prior to March 20, 2012.

        Except as described in note 1 to the table above, no principal repayments are due under these notes until maturity. Because these notes bear interest at fixed rates, changes in market interest rates during the term of these debts will not affect our operating results. However, if at maturity these notes were refinanced at interest rates which are 10% higher than the rates shown above, our per annum interest cost would increase by approximately $12,491. Changes in market interest rates also affect the fair value of our debt obligations; increases in market interest rates decrease the fair value of our fixed rate debt while decreases in market interest rates increase the fair value of our fixed rate debt. Based on the balances outstanding at December 31, 2011, and assuming discounted cash flow analyses and other credit market conditions remain unchanged, a hypothetical immediate 10% change in interest rates would change the fair value of our fixed rate debt obligations by approximately $30,267. Changes in the trading price of our common shares may also affect the fair value of our convertible senior notes.

        Each of these fixed rate unsecured debt arrangements allows us to make repayments earlier than the stated maturity date. We are generally allowed to make prepayments only at face value plus a premium equal to a make whole amount, as defined, which is generally designed to preserve a stated yield to the note holder. Also, as noted herein, we have recently repurchased and retired some of our outstanding debts and we may do so again in the future. These prepayment rights and our ability to repurchase and retire outstanding debt may afford us opportunities to mitigate the risks of refinancing our debts at their maturities at higher rates by refinancing prior to the contractual maturities.

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        Our revolving credit facility bears interest at floating rates. At December 31, 2011, we had $149,000 outstanding and $601,000 available to draw under our revolving credit facility. We may make repayments under this agreement at any time without penalty. We borrow in U.S. dollars and borrowings under these agreements are subject to interest at LIBOR plus a spread (1.59% as of December 31, 2011). Accordingly, we are vulnerable to changes in U.S. dollar short term interest rates, specifically LIBOR. A change in interest rates would not affect the value of this floating rate debt but would affect our operating results. For example, the interest rate payable on our outstanding indebtedness of $149,000 under our revolving credit facility was 1.59% per annum at December 31, 2011. The following table presents the impact a 10% change in interest rates would have on our weighted average floating rate interest expense as of December 31, 2011:

 
  Impact of Changes in Interest Rates  
 
  Interest Rate
Per Year
  Outstanding
Debt
  Total Interest
Expense Per Year
 

At December 31, 2011

    1.59 % $ 149,000   $ 2,369  

10% increase

    1.75 % $ 149,000   $ 2,608  

10% reduction

    1.43 % $ 149,000   $ 2,131  

        The foregoing table shows the impact of an immediate change in floating interest rates. If interest rates were to change gradually over time, the impact would be spread over time. Our exposure to fluctuations in floating interest rates will increase or decrease in the future with increases or decreases in the outstanding amount under our revolving credit facility or other floating rate debt, if any.

Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

        The information required by this item is included in Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

        None.

Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures

        As of the end of the period covered by this report, our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Managing Trustees, our President and Chief Operating Officer and our Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15. Based upon that evaluation, our Managing Trustees, our President and Chief Operating Officer and our Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

        There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2011 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Management Report on Assessment of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

        We are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and Board of Trustees regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.

        Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011. In making this assessment, it used the criteria set forth by the Committee of

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Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control—Integrated Framework. Based on our assessment, we believe that, as of December 31, 2011, our internal control over financial reporting is effective.

        Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited our 2011 consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, has issued an attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting. Its report appears elsewhere herein.

Item 9B.    Other Information

        None.


PART III

Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

        We have a Code of Conduct that applies to all our representatives, including our officers and Trustees and employees of RMR. Our Code of Conduct is posted on our website, www.hptreit.com. A printed copy of our Code of Conduct is also available free of charge to any person who requests a copy by writing to: Secretary, Hospitality Properties Trust, Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, MA 02458-1634. We intend to disclose any amendments or waivers to our Code of Conduct applicable to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller (or any person performing similar functions) on our website.

        The remainder of the information required by Item 10 is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement.

Item 11.    Executive Compensation

        The information required by Item 11 is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement.

Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

        The information required by Item 12 is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement.

Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

        The information required by Item 13 is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement.

Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services

        The information required by Item 14 is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement.

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PART IV

Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

(a)   Index to Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules

        The following audited consolidated financial statements and schedule of Hospitality Properties Trust are included on the pages indicated:

        All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the SEC are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted.

        As of the date of this report, TA has not filed its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. Therefore, summary audited financial information regarding TA is not now available. We expect to furnish such information by an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K when it becomes available to us.

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(b)   Exhibits

  3.1   Composite Copy of Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust dated as of August 21, 1995, as amended to date. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 18, 2012.)

 

3.2

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of June 2, 1997. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1997.)

 

3.3

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of May 16, 2000. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2000.)

 

3.4

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of December 9, 2002. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002.)

 

3.5

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of February 15, 2007. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 15, 2007.)

 

3.6

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of March 5, 2007. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 7, 2007.)

 

3.7

 

Articles Supplementary dated as of January 13, 2012. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 18, 2012.)

 

3.8

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, as of January 13, 2010. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 20, 2010.)

 

4.1

 

Form of Common Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2008.)

 

4.2

 

Form of 8.875% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2008.)

 

4.3

 

Form of 7% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2008.)

 

4.4

 

Form of 7.125% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 18, 2012.)

 

4.5

 

Indenture, dated as of February 25, 1998, between the Company and State Street Bank and Trust Company. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1997.)

 

4.6

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 6, dated as of July 8, 2002, between the Company and State Street Bank and Trust Company, relating to the Company's 6.85% Senior Notes due 2012, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2002.)

 

4.7

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 7, dated as of January 24, 2003, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 63/4% Senior Notes due 2013, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002.)

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  4.8   Supplemental Indenture No. 8, dated as of February 15, 2005, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 51/8% Senior Notes due 2015, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 14, 2005.)

 

4.9

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 9, dated as of June 15, 2006, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 6.30% Senior Notes due 2016, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006.)

 

4.10

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 10, dated as of March 7, 2007, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 3.80% Convertible Senior Notes due 2027, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 7, 2007.)

 

4.11

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 11, dated as of March 12, 2007, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 5.625% Senior Notes due 2017, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 12, 2007.)

 

4.12

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 12, dated as of September 28, 2007, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 6.70% Senior Notes due 2018, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2007.)

 

4.13

 

Supplemental Indenture No. 13, dated as of August 12, 2009, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, relating to the Company's 7.875% Senior Notes due 2014, including form thereof. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.)

 

4.14

 

Renewed Rights Agreement, dated as of May 15, 2007, between the Company and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated May 16, 2007.)

 

8.1

 

Opinion of Sullivan & Worcester LLP as to certain tax matters. (Filed herewith.)

 

10.1

 

Amended and Restated Business Management Agreement, dated as of November 2, 2011, among Reit Management & Research LLC, the Company, Barry M. Portnoy, Gerard M. Martin and Adam D. Portnoy.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2011.)

 

10.2

 

Amended and Restated Property Management Agreement, dated as of January 13, 2010, between Reit Management & Research LLC and the Company.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 20, 2010.)

 

10.3

 

First Amendment to Amended and Restated Property Management Agreement, dated as of December 16, 2010, between Reit Management & Research LLC and the Company.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.)

 

10.4

 

Summary of Trustee Compensation.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated May 16, 2011.)

 

10.5

 

The Company's 1995 Incentive Share Award Plan.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Registration Statement on Form S-11/A (Pre-effective Amendment No. 2), File No. 33-92330.)

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  10.6   Amendment to the Company's 1995 Incentive Share Award Plan effective as of May 30, 2003.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2003.)

 

10.7

 

The Company's 2003 Incentive Share Award Plan effective as of May 30, 2003.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2003.)

 

10.8

 

Form of Restricted Share Agreement.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 21, 2010.)

 

10.9

 

Representative form of Indemnification Agreement.(+) (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.)

 

10.10

 

Credit Agreement, dated as of September 8, 2011, among Hospitality Properties Trust, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Administrative Agent, and each of the other financial institutions initially a signatory thereto. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 9, 2011.)

 

10.11

 

Master Lease Agreement, dated as of April 30, 1999, among the Company, HPTCY Properties Trust and HMH HPT Courtyard LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1999.)

 

10.12

 

Transaction Agreement, dated as of January 29, 2007, among the Company, TravelCenters of America LLC, HPT TA Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties LLC, HPT TA Merger Sub Inc. and Reit Management & Research LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010.)

 

10.13

 

Lease Agreement, dated as of January 31, 2007, among HPT TA Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties LLC and TA Leasing LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010.)

 

10.14

 

Guaranty Agreement, dated as of January 31, 2007, by TravelCenters of America LLC and certain of its subsidiaries, for the benefit of HPT TA Properties Trust and HPT TA Properties LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 9, 2007.)

 

10.15

 

First Amendment to Lease Agreement, dated as of May 12, 2008, among HPT TA Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties LLC and TA Leasing LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated May 13, 2008.)

 

10.16

 

Lease Agreement, dated as of May 30, 2007, among HPT PSC Properties Trust and HPT PSC Properties LLC, as Landlord, and Petro Stopping Centers, L.P., as Tenant. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010.)

 

10.17

 

Guaranty Agreement, dated as of May 30, 2007, made by TravelCenters of America LLC, as Guarantor, for the benefit of HPT PSC Properties Trust and HPT PSC Properties LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 4, 2007.)

 

10.18

 

First Amendment to Lease Agreement, dated as of March 17, 2008, among HPT PSC Properties Trust, HPT PSC Properties LLC and Petro Stopping Centers, L.P. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010.)

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  10.19   Deferral Agreement, dated as of August 11, 2008, among the Company, HPT TA Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties LLC, HPT PSC Properties Trust, HPT PSC Properties LLC, TravelCenters of America LLC, TA Leasing LLC and Petro Stopping Centers, L.P. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 11, 2008.)

 

10.20

 

Amendment Agreement, dated as of January 31, 2011, among Hospitality Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties Trust, HPT TA Properties LLC, HPT PSC Properties Trust, HPT PSC Properties LLC, TravelCenters of America LLC, TA Leasing LLC and TA Operating LLC. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 31, 2011.)

 

10.21

 

Amended and Restated Shareholders Agreement, dated as of December 16, 2009, among Affiliates Insurance Company, Five Star Quality Care, Inc., the Company, HRPT Properties Trust (now known as CommonWealth REIT), Senior Housing Properties Trust, TravelCenters of America LLC, Reit Management & Research LLC and Government Properties Income Trust. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.)

 

10.22

 

Pooling Agreement, dated as of June 14, 2011 but effective as of January 1, 2011, among HPT TRS MRP, Inc., Marriott International, Inc. and certain subsidiaries of Marriott International, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 14, 2011.)

 

10.23

 

Form of Management Agreement among certain subsidiaries of the Company and certain subsidiaries of Marriott International, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 14, 2011.)

 

10.24

 

Management Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2011, among HPT TRS IHG-1, Inc., HPT TRS IHG-2, Inc., HPT TRS IHG-3, Inc., InterContinental Hotels Group Resources, Inc., IHG Management (Maryland) LLC, and InterContinental Hotels Group (Canada), Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated July 25, 2011.)

 

10.25

 

Purchase Agreement, dated November 2, 2011, among Property Acquisition Corp. (subsequently known as Sonesta Acquisition Corp., now known as Sonesta International Hotels Corporation), PAC Merger Corp., and the Company. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 2, 2011.)

 

10.26

 

Management Agreement, dated as of January 31, 2012, between Sonesta Acquisition Corp. (now known as Sonesta International Hotels Corporation) and Cambridge TRS, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 1, 2012.)

 

10.27

 

Management Agreement, dated as of January 31, 2012, between Sonesta International Hotels Corporation and Royal Sonesta, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 1, 2012.)

 

12.1

 

Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges. (Filed herewith.)

 

12.2

 

Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preferred Distributions. (Filed herewith.)

 

21.1

 

Subsidiaries of the Company. (Filed herewith.)

 

23.1

 

Consent of Ernst & Young LLP. (Filed herewith.)

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  23.2   Consent of Sullivan & Worcester LLP. (Contained in Exhibit 8.1.)

 

31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification. (Filed herewith.)

 

31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification. (Filed herewith.)

 

31.3

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification. (Filed herewith.)

 

31.4

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification. (Filed herewith.)

 

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification. (Furnished herewith.)

 

101.1

 

The following materials from the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) related notes to these financial statements, tagged as blocks of text and in detail. (Furnished herewith.)

(+)
Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Trustees and Shareholders of Hospitality Properties Trust:

        We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Hospitality Properties Trust as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders' equity and comprehensive income, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Hospitality Properties Trust at December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.

        We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Hospitality Properties Trust's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 29, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

                        /s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Boston, Massachusetts
February 29, 2012

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Trustees and Shareholders of Hospitality Properties Trust:

        We have audited Hospitality Properties Trust's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Hospitality Properties Trust's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in Item 9A of Hospitality Properties Trust's Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading Management Report on Assessment of Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

        We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

        Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

        In our opinion, Hospitality Properties Trust maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the COSO criteria.

        We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the 2011 consolidated financial statements of Hospitality Properties Trust and our report dated February 29, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

                        /s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Boston, Massachusetts
February 29, 2012

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HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(dollars in thousands, except share data)

 
  As of December 31,  
 
  2011   2010  

ASSETS

             

Real estate properties, at cost:

             

Land

  $ 1,360,773   $ 1,389,594  

Buildings, improvements and equipment

    4,775,323     4,909,488  
           

    6,136,096     6,299,082  

Accumulated depreciation

    (1,367,868 )   (1,370,592 )
           

    4,768,228     4,928,490  

Properties held for sale

    123,025     7,125  

Cash and cash equivalents

    8,303     4,882  

Restricted cash (FF&E reserve escrow)

    50,196     80,621  

Other assets, net

    183,821     171,168  
           

  $ 5,133,573   $ 5,192,286  
           

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

             

Revolving credit facility

  $ 149,000   $ 144,000  

Senior notes, net of discounts

    1,887,891     1,886,356  

Convertible senior notes, net of discount

    78,823     77,484  

Mortgage payable

        3,383  

Security deposits

    106,422     105,859  

Accounts payable and other liabilities

    103,668     107,297  

Due to related persons

    3,713     2,912  

Dividends payable

    4,754     4,754  
           

Total liabilities

    2,334,271