10-K 1 cpfh_10k.htm ANNUAL REPORT Blueprint
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
☑ ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
 
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period of  _________ to _________
 
Commission File Number 000-25958
 
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC. (The Company)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
North Dakota
45-0404061
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
1 Main Street North
Minot, North Dakota 58703
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
701.837.9600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock; $.0001 par value
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 ☐
 
Accelerated filer
 ☐
Non-accelerated filer
 ☐
 
Smaller reporting company
 ☑
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐No ☑
 
The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of March 13, 2017 was $788,261, based on the last reported sale price. For purposes of this calculation, the Registrant has assumed that its board of directors, executive officers and holders of greater than five percent of the Registrant’s shares are affiliates.
 
On March 15, 2017, there were 1,241 shares of the issuer’s common equity outstanding.
 
References in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the “Company”, “CFH”, “we”, “us”, “its” or “our” includes the subsidiary, unless the context indicates otherwise.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference: Portions of the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on July 11, 2017, are incorporated by reference in certain sections of Part III.
 

 
 
10-K
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC.
 
INDEX
 
 
 
Page#
PART I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Business
4
 
 
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
7
 
 
 
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
7
 
 
 
Item 2.
Properties
7
 
 
 
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
7
 
 
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosure
8
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
9
 
 
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
9
 
 
 
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
9
 
 
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
16
 
 
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
16
 
 
 
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
16
 
 
 
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
16
 
 
 
Item 9B.
Other Information
17
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
18
 
 
 
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
18
 
 
 
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
18
 
 
 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
18
 
 
 
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
18
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
19
 
 
 
 
SIGNATURES
20
 
 
2
 
Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements
 
When used herein, in future filings by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), in the Company's press releases, and in other Company-authorized written or oral statements, the words and phrases "can be," "expects," "anticipates," "may affect," "may depend," "believes," "estimate," or similar expressions are intended to identify "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including those set forth in this "Forward-Looking Statements" section, which could cause actual results for future periods to differ materially from those presently anticipated or projected. The Company does not undertake and specifically disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements.
 
Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about the Company’s:
 
Business strategies and investment policies,
Possible or assumed future results of operations and operating cash flows,
Financing plans and the availability of short-term borrowing,
Competitive position,
Potential growth opportunities,
Recruitment and retention of the Company’s key employees,
Potential operating performance, achievements, productivity improvements, efficiency and cost reduction efforts,
Likelihood of success and impact of litigation,
Expected tax rates,
Expectations with respect to the economy, securities markets, the market for merger and acquisition activity, the market for asset management activity, and other industry trends,
Competition, and
Effect from the impact of future legislation and regulation on the Company.
 
The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements, and future results could differ materially from historical performance:
 
General political and economic conditions which may be less favorable than expected;
The effect of changes in interest rates, inflation rates, the stock markets, or other financial markets;
Unfavorable legislative, regulatory, or judicial developments;
Adverse findings or rulings in arbitrations, litigation or regulatory proceedings;
Incidence and severity of catastrophes, both natural and man-made;
Changes in accounting rules, policies, practices, and procedures which may adversely affect the business; and
Terrorist activities or other hostilities which may adversely affect the general economy.
 
The Company has two operating subsidiaries, Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS” or the “broker-dealer subsidiary”) a FINRA member broker-dealer and Capital Natural Resources, Inc. (“CNR” or the “natural resource subsidiary”).
 
The Company is a financial services holding company that, through its broker dealer subsidiary, Capital Financial Services, Inc., provides brokerage, investment advisory, insurance and related services. The Company operates in a highly regulated and competitive industry that is influenced by numerous external factors such as economic conditions, marketplace liquidity and volatility, monetary policy, global and national political events, regulatory developments, competition, and investor preferences. The Company’s revenues and net earnings may be either enhanced or diminished from period to period by such external factors. The Company remains focused on continuing to reduce redundant operating costs, upgrade operating efficiency, recruit quality representatives and grow our revenue base. The Company provides broker-dealer services in support of trading and investment by its representatives’ customers in corporate equity and debt securities, U.S. Government securities, municipal securities, mutual funds, private placement alternative investments, variable annuities and variable life insurance. The Company also provides investment advisory services for its representative’s customers
 
A key component of the broker-dealer subsidiary’s business strategy is to recruit well-established, productive representatives who generate substantial revenues from an array of investment products and services. Additionally, the broker-dealer subsidiary assists its representatives in developing and expanding their business by providing a variety of support services and a diversified range of investment products for their clients.
 
 
3
 
 
PART I
 
Item 1. Business
 
OVERVIEW
 
Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. (“CFH”) derives the majority of its revenues and net income from sales of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities through Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”), the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary.
 
The Company organizes its business units into three reportable segments: Broker-Dealer Services, Holding Company and Natural Resource. The Broker-Dealer Services segment distributes securities and insurance products to retail investors through a network of registered representatives. The Natural Resource segment sought opportunities in petroleum and natural gas exploration and production, however in the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource assets in order to concentrate on its core business of Broker-Dealer Services.
 
The Company has been engaged in the financial services business since 1987. The Company was incorporated September 22, 1987, as a North Dakota corporation. The Company’s principal offices are located at 1 Main Street North, Minot, North Dakota 58703. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had 21 full-time employees consisting of officers, principals, data processing, compliance, accounting, and clerical support staff.
 
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
 
On March 7, 2007, the Company acquired certain assets of United Heritage Financial Services, Inc. (UHFS), a wholly owned subsidiary of United Heritage Financial Group, Inc., of Meridian, Idaho. UHFS had approximately 120 independent registered representatives who became part of Capital Financial Services, Inc. (CFS), the retail brokerage division of the Company. Pursuant to the agreement, in exchange for the assets of UHFS set forth above, the Company agreed to issue 50 restricted CFH shares and pay a deferred cash earn out payment totaling a maximum of $900,000, to be paid in 21 quarterly installments. On March 7, 2007, the Company issued 50 options to purchase shares of the Company to UHFS. As a result of this issuance of shares, $175,000 was recorded by the Company as goodwill relating to the purchase of the assets. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had made twenty-one quarterly installment payments. There is no longer a liability relating to this acquisition. Due to the goodwill impairment charge that was recorded for the periods ended December 31, 2010, March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2015, the total goodwill recorded relating to this acquisition was zero.
 
On June 9, 2014, the Company launched a wholly owned operating subsidiary, Capital Natural Resources, Inc., a Colorado corporation. Capital Natural Resources, Inc. sought opportunities related to natural resources in the United States, including petroleum, natural gas, and/or other minerals, water resources and land. In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource assets in order to concentrate on its core business of Broker-Dealer Services to enable a more efficient use of its personnel and financial resources. As of December 31, 2016 the segment met the definition of discontinued operations.
 
 
4
 
 
THE COMPANY’S SUBSIDIARIES
 
The Company organizes its business units into three reportable segments: Broker-Dealer Services, Natural Resources and Holding Company. The Broker-Dealer Services segment distributes securities and insurance products to retail investors through a network of registered representatives through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”), a Wisconsin corporation. The Natural Resources segment sought opportunities related to natural resources in the United States, including petroleum, natural gas and/or other minerals, water resources and land through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Capital Natural Resources, Inc. (“CNR”), a Colorado corporation. The Holding Company encompasses cost associated with business development and acquisitions, dispositions of subsidiary entities and results of discontinued operations, dividend income and recognized gains or losses.
 
The Company's reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each business requires different technology and marketing strategies.
 
Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. derives the majority of its revenues and net income from sales of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities through Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”), the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary.
 
Capital Financial Services, Inc.
 
CFS is a full-service brokerage firm. CFS is registered with the SEC as an investment advisor and broker-dealer and also with FINRA as a broker-dealer. CFS specializes in providing investment products and services to independent investment representatives, financial planners, and investment advisors and currently supports approximately 165 investment representatives and investment advisors.
 
Capital Natural Resources, Inc.
 
On June 9, 2014, the Company launched a wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Capital Natural Resources, Inc., a Colorado corporation. Capital Natural Resources, Inc. sought opportunities related to natural resources in the United States, including petroleum, natural gas, and/or other minerals, water resources and land. In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource segment in order to concentrate on its core business of Broker-Dealer Services to enable a more efficient use of its personnel and financial resources. As of December 31, 2016 the segment met the definition of discontinued operations.
 
DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
Brokerage Commissions
 
CFS’s primary source of revenue is commission revenue in connection with sales of shares of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities. CFS receives commission and Rule 12b-1 servicing revenue generated from the sale of investment products originated by its registered representatives. CFS also receives investment advisory revenue as a registered investment advisor. CFS pays a portion of the revenue generated to its registered representatives and retains the balance. Commission income and the related clearing expenses are recorded based on the trade date. The revenue earned from 12b-1 is recognized ratably over the period received. Investment advisory fees are derived from account management and investment advisory services. These fees are determined based on a percentage of the customer’s assets under sponsor management or a flat fee, may be billed monthly or quarterly and recognized ratably over the period received. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
 
5
 
 
REGULATION
 
Virtually all aspects of the Company’s businesses are subject to various complex and extensive federal and state laws and regulations. Regulated areas include, but are not limited to, the effecting of securities transactions, the financial condition of the Company’s subsidiaries, record-keeping and reporting procedures, relationships with clients, and experience and training requirements for certain employees. The Company’s subsidiary, Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”), is registered with various federal and state government agencies, including the SEC, as well as FINRA, a self-regulatory industry organization, as described below.
 
CFS is a registered broker-dealer subject to extensive regulation and periodic examinations by the SEC, FINRA, and state agencies in those states in which CFS conducts business. As a broker-dealer, CFS is subject to the Net Capital Rule promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). This rule requires that a broker-dealer must maintain certain minimum net capital and that its aggregate indebtedness may not exceed specified limitations.
 
Federal and state laws and regulations, and the rules of FINRA, grant broad powers to such regulatory agencies and organizations. These include the power to limit, restrict, or prevent the Company from carrying on its business if it fails to comply with such laws, regulations and rules. Other possible sanctions that may be imposed include the suspension of individual employees, restrictions on the Company expanding its business or paying cash dividends, the revocation of the investment advisor or broker dealer expulsions, censures, and/or fines.
 
The Company operates under the provision of Paragraph (k)(2)(ii) of Rule 15c3-3 of the Securities and Exchange Commission and, accordingly, is exempt from the remaining provisions of that rule. To the best of its knowledge the Company met the identified exemption provisions from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016 without exception.
 
Since 1993, FINRA rules have limited the amount of aggregate sales charges which may be paid in connection with the purchase and holding of investment company shares sold through broker-dealers. Congress and the SEC presently are considering amendments to Rule 12b-1 and other statutory provisions and rules that regulate the distribution of mutual fund shares. The effect of the rule amendments and other legislative or regulatory actions might be to limit the amount of fees that could be paid pursuant to a fund’s 12b-1 Plan in a situation where a fund has no, or limited, new sales for a prolonged period of time, as well as the imposition of other limits on the use of fund assets to pay for distribution.
 
COMPETITION
 
The Company derives substantially all of its revenues from commission revenue earned in connection with sales of shares of mutual funds, insurance products and various other securities, and also receives investment advisory revenue.
 
The Company participates in retail brokerage, a highly competitive related sector of the financial services industry. The Company competes directly with full-service stock brokerage firms, insurance companies, banks, regional broker-dealers, other independent broker-dealers, and other financial institutions, as well as investment advisory firms. Each of these competitors offer to the public many of the same investment products and services offered by the Company. Further, other broker-dealers providing the same services heavily recruit the representatives and advisors transacting business through the Company. This competition forces the Company to maintain high levels of support services and commission payouts for these representatives and advisors. These high levels of services and payouts could have a materially adverse effect on the Company’s earnings.
 
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
 
In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource segment in order to concentrate on its core business of Broker-Dealer Services to enable a more efficient use of its personnel and financial resources. As of December 31, 2016 the segment met the definition of discontinued operations.The sale was completed on March 3, 2017 for cash of $66,200. Impairment on its oil and gas properties was recorded based upon the actual value of the assets as determined by sale of the assets in open unreserved auction through an independent nationally recognized oil and gas property auction facility as of December 31, 2016.
 
 
6
 
 
AVAILABILITY OF SEC REPORTS
 
All SEC reports may be viewed and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days during the hours of 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. local time. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the Commission at 1-800-SEC-0330. The Commission maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the Commission.
 
All SEC reports are also made available on the Company’s website at http://capitalfinancialholdings.com. These reports, including annual reports on Form 10-K and 10-KSB, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and 10-QSB, and current reports on Form 8-K, are available on the same day they are filed with the SEC.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
 
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company.
 
Item 2. Properties
 
The Company’s principal offices are located at 1 Main Street North, Minot, North Dakota 58703. At this location, the Company leases 7,184 square feet of office and storage space. The Company believes that the leased space is adequate for the Company’s operating needs. The rental lease agreement ends March 31, 2018.
 
On November 16, 2016 the Company purchased commercial office space located at 1801 Burdick Expressway West, Minot, North Dakota. This location offers 10,720 square feet of office space. The Company is currently completing construction on this property and anticipates moving in to the new office space in June of 2017.
 
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
 
The Company operates in a legal and regulatory environment that exposes it to potentially significant litigation risks. Issuers of certain alternative products sold by the Company are in Bankruptcy or may have other financial difficulties. As a result of such alleged failings of alternative products and the uncertainty of client recovery from the various product issuers, the Company is subject to several legal and/or arbitration proceedings. These proceedings include customer suits, investments alleged to be unsuitable, and bankruptcies and other issues brought by claimants. The Company vigorously contests the allegations of the various proceedings and believes that there are multiple meritorious legal and fact based defenses in these matters. Such cases are subject to many uncertainties, and their outcome is often difficult to predict, including the impact on operations or on the financial statements, particularly in the earlier stages of a case. The Company makes provisions for cases brought against it when, in the opinion of management after seeking legal advice, it is probable that a liability exists, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The current proceedings are subject to uncertainties and, as such, the Company is unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may result from the outcome of these cases; however, results in these cases that are against the interests of the Company could have a severe negative impact on the financial position of the Company. As of December 31, 2016, the Company is a defendant in two on-going suits or arbitrations as discussed above. In the first quarter of 2017, the Company received notice of two new arbitration claims, both in the ordinary course of the business of the Company as discussed above. The Company expects to vigorously defend these cases. On December 21, 2016, the Company made a settlement payment in the amount of $200,000 for a case that was on-going in 2016. As of December 31, 2016, without admission of liability, the Company has recorded $63,000 for a potential settlement, pending the determination of liability, if any. The $63,000 is included in accrued liabilities as of December 31, 2016. The Company will continue to defend the case. The Company estimates that the $63,000 accruedis the maximum possible range of loss that may result from the outcome of this case.
 
 
7
 
 
On April 5, 2011, several broker-dealers and their principals/officers, including the Company and John Carlson, President and Chief Compliance Officer, filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of California for Orange County against Mayer Hoffman McCann, P.C. (“Mayer Hoffman”) captioned Signature Financial Group, Inc., et al, (“Signature”) v. Mayer Hoffman McCann, P.C., et al). The lawsuit arose out of reviews of the financial statements of Medical Capital Holdings, Inc. (“Medical Capital”) by Mayer Hoffman. In June 2009, Medical Capital was sued by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”). A finding was made that Medical Capital was conducting a “Ponzi scheme” and a receiver was appointed to liquidate Medical Capital. The plaintiffs in the Signature lawsuit are broker-dealers and principals of broker-dealers that sold Medical Capital investments to their clients. These plaintiffs sought to recover damages from Mayer Hoffman for the losses and expenses they incurred as a result of the Medical Capital financial deceptions and resulting expenses and losses to the plaintiffs. Specific claims asserted and relief requested included fraud-intentional misrepresentation of fact/concealment of fact; negligent misrepresentation; equitable indemnity and declaratory relief. On September 23, 2014, the Plaintiffs entered into a Confidential Settlement and Mutual Release Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Mayer Hoffman and entities affiliated with Mayer Hoffman to settle the Plaintiffs’ claims against Mayer Hoffman and all affiliated parties of Mayer Hoffman. The parties acknowledged that as between the Company and Mr. Carlson, one hundred percent (100%) of the settlement proceeds paid to them was for the alleged damage or harm to goodwill (and loss of goodwill). The settlement proceeds were received on December 4, 2014 and charged against goodwill carried on the consolidated financial statements of the Company. In a matter related to the Settlement Agreement, on or about October 6, 2014, the Company filed a lawsuit seeking declaratory judgment against its former errors and omission insurance carrier - Arch Specialty Insurance Company (“Arch”) - in the Circuit Court of Wisconsin for Milwaukee County (Capital Financial Services, Inc. v. Arch Specialty Insurance Company). On or about November 24, 2014, Arch filed counterclaims against the Company. The actions were for declaratory relief in connection with a dispute over whether Arch was entitled to any portion of the settlement proceeds that the Company received in exchange for dismissing the lawsuit with Mayer Hoffman. On approximately September 14, 2016 the Company and Arch agreed to settle the matter, on October 14, 2016 a Stipulation and Order for Dismissal was filed with the Court and on October 24, 2016 the Court entered an order dismissing the case, including all claims, counterclaims and third party claims with prejudice with no costs assessed to any party.
 
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure
 
Not applicable to the Company.
 
 
8
 
 
PART II
 
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
Information about the Company’s Common Stock
 
The Company’s Common Shares are traded on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol CPFH. The Company’s common shares began trading on the OTC Bulletin Board on November 7, 1997. On May 31, 2002, the shareholders of the Company approved a two for one (2:1) share forward split of the issued and outstanding common shares of the Company, which took effect on July 1, 2002. On June 19, 2013, the shareholders of the Company approved a 1:10,000 reverse stock split, which took effect on August 14, 2013. On December 31, 2016, the closing price of the Company’s Common Shares on the OTC Bulletin Board was $1,405 per share. At March 2, 2017, there were approximately 300 shareholders of record.
 
The following table sets forth the high and low closing prices for the Company’s common stock. The quotations reflect post-reverse stock split, inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down, or commission, and may not represent actual transactions.
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
Fiscal Year
 
 
Fiscal Year
 
Quarter
 
High
 
 
Low
 
 
High
 
 
Low
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
  2,500 
  855 
  1,250 
  1,250 
Second Quarter
  2,350 
  1,600 
  2,350 
  1,250 
Third Quarter
  2,000 
  1,600 
  2,350 
  1,600 
Fourth Quarter
  2,000 
  1,400 
  2,350 
  1,800 
 
The Company has issued the following securities in the past quarter without registering the securities under the Securities Act:
 
None
 
Smaller Reporting Company Repurchases of Equity Securities:
 
In November of 1997, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized the repurchase of up to $2,000,000 of its outstanding common stock from time to time in the open market. As of December 31, 2016 the approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs was $597,754.
 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
 
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company.
 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following information is provided in connection with, and should be read in conjunction with, the consolidated financial statements and notes included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
GENERAL
 
Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. derives the majority of its revenues and net income from sales of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities through Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”), the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary.
 
 
9
 
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, amounts included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and the percentage change in those amounts from period to period.
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
 
 
2015
 
 
 
2014
 
 
 
Variance 2016 to 2015
 
 
 
Variance 2015 to 2014
 
OPERATING REVENUES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fee income
 $1,227,001 
 $1,154,082 
 $1,095,610 
  6%
  5%
Commission income
  15,946,037 
  17,746,896 
  19,559,484 
  (10)%
  (9)%
Other income
  50,329 
  103,862 
  155,694 
  (52)%
  (33)%
Other fee income
  335,122 
  269,325 
  436,070 
  24%
  (38)%
Total revenue
 $17,558,489 
 $19,274,165 
 $21,246,858 
  (9)%
  (9)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
OPERATING EXPENSES
    
    
    
    
    
Compensation and benefits
 $1,490,033 
 $1,310,099 
 $1,873,558 
  14%
  (30)%
Commission expense
  14,987,254 
  16,610,792 
  18,214,481 
  (10)%
  (9)%
Goodwill impairment expense
  - 
  - 
  2,132,026 
  0%
  (100)%
General and administrative expenses
  1,352,032 
  1,100,417 
  1,127,582 
  23%
  (2)%
Depreciation
  47,796 
  43,752 
  32,708 
  9%
  34%
Total operating expenses
 $17,877,115 
 $19,065,060 
 $23,380,355 
  (6)%
  (18)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
 $(318,626)
 $209,105 
 $(2,133,497)
  (252)%
  (110)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
OTHER INCOME/ EXPENSES
    
    
    
    
    
Interest expense
 $(2,814)
 $(3,646)
 $(14,125)
  (23)%
  (74)%
Settlement proceeds
  - 
  - 
  835,873 
  0%
  (100)%
Total other income/ expenses
  (2,814)
  (3,646)
 $821,748 
  (23)%
  (100)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
INCOME (LOSS) OF CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAX
 $(321,440)
 $205,459 
 $(1,311,749)
  (256)%
  (116)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)
 $61,542 
 $(191,141)
 $(227,900)
  (132)%
  (16)%
NET INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 $(259,898)
 $14,318 
 $(1,539,649)
  (1,915)%
  (101)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 $(157,863)
 $32,310 
 $(2,535)
  (589)%
  (1,375)%
 
    
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
NET INCOME (LOSS)
 $(417,761)
 $46,628 
 $(1,542,184)
  (996)%
  (103)%
Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted:
    
    
    
    
    
            Continuing
  (209)
 12 
  (1,241)
    
    
            Discontinued
  (127)
 26 
  (2)
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
    
    
    
    
    
            Basic and diluted
  1,241 
  1,241 
  1,241 
    
    
 
 
10
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016, compared with Year Ended December 31, 2015:
 
Operating Revenues—Total continuing operating revenues for 2016 were $17,558,489 a 9% decrease from $19,274,165 in 2015. The decrease resulted from the net decreases in the income categories described in the paragraphs below. There are no material operating revenues from the Holding Company.
 
Fee Income—Fee income for 2016 was $1,227,001, a 6% increase from $1,154,082 in 2015. The increase was due to an increase in fees received by the Broker-Dealer Services segment as a result of an increase in assets under management in the Broker-Dealer Services segment’s registered investment advisor. Assets under management as of period ended December 31, 2016 were approximately $174,006,074 compared to approximately $141,962,379 during the same period ended 2015.
 
The Company earns investment advisory fees in connection with the Broker-Dealer Services segment’s registered investment advisor. The Company pays the registered representatives a portion of this fee income as a commission expense and retains the balance. These fees constituted 7% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2016 compared to 6% in 2015.
 
Commission Income—Commission income includes all concessions received. The Company pays the registered representatives a percentage of this income as commission expense and retains the balance. Commission income for 2016 was $15,946,037, a 10% decrease from $17,746,896 in 2015. Market conditions fluctuated between 2016 and 2015 accounting for the decrease in commission income. Future market conditions and fluctuations within the makeup of the Company’s representatives will continue to impact commission levels. Commission revenues constituted 90% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2016 and 92% in 2015.
 
Other Fee Income—Other fee income for 2016 was $335,122 a 24% increase from $269,325 in 2015. The increase was due primarily to a increase in marketing from sales on alternative investments. Other fee income constituted 2% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2016 compared to 1% in 2015.
 
Other Income—Other income for 2016 was $50,329 a 52% decrease from $103,862 in 2015. The decrease was due primarily to a decrease in income received from fees charged related to the Broker-Dealer Services segment. Other income constituted less than 1% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2016 and 1% 2015.
 
Oil Lease Income—Oil lease income includes the revenue received from operating oil leases within discontinued operations. There is no oil lease income related to any of the other segments. Oil lease income for 2016 was $64,785, a 35% increase from $47,965 the same period ended 2015. Oil lease income is discontinued operations and is reported in discontinued operations on the income statement.
 
Gross Margin – The Company’s gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2016 was 15% and 14% in 2015 The gross margin consists of continuing operating revenues and commission expense.
 
Operating Expenses—Total continuing operating expenses for 2016 were $17,866,077 a 6% decrease from $19,051,850 in 2015. The decrease resulted from the net decreases in the expense categories described in the paragraphs below.
 
Compensation and BenefitsConsolidated compensation and benefits expense for 2016 was $1,490,033, a 14% increase from $1,310,099 in 2015. The increase resulted primarily from an increase in the number of employees and increased employee wages, 401k matching and health insurance. Salaries and wages were $1,308,290 during the period ended December 31, 2016 compared to $1,165,081 during the same period ended in 2015. Insurance premiums were $140,780 during the period ended December 31, 2016 compared to $127,742 during the same period ended in 2015. Compensation and benefits by segment is as follows:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
Variance
 
Holding Company segment
  213,497 
  143,255 
  49%
Broker-Dealer Services segment
  1,276,536 
  1,166,844 
  9%
Discontinued operations
  55,097 
  40,187 
  37%
 
 
11
 
 
Commission Expense—Commission expense for 2016 was $14,987,254, a 10% decrease from $16,610,792 in 2015. The decrease in commissions corresponds with the decrease in concessions received within the broker dealer segment. There was no commission expense for the other segments.
 
Impairment Expense – There was an impairment expense of $190,094 recorded in 2016 related to assets held for sale in discontinued operations. There was no impairment expense for the other segments in 2016 or 2015.
 
General and Administrative Expenses—Consolidated general and administrative expenses for 2016 were $1,352,032, a 23% increase from $1,100,417 in 2015. The increase resulted from a net increases and decreases in the Company’s subsidiaries. General and administrative expenses for the Holding Company segment for 2016 were $375,580, an increase of 87% from $200,400 in 2015. The increase is due to an increase in accounting services, expenses tied to the building purchase and legal and settlement expenses. General and administrative expenses for the Broker-Dealer Services segment for 2016 were $976,452, an increase of 8% from $900,017 in 2015. The increase resulted from an increase in settlements paid, due diligence expenses and licensing fees. General and administrative expenses for discontinued operations were $82,345 for 2016, a 134% increase from $35,130 in 2015. The increase is due to the operating expenses tied to the oil leases within the discontinued operations.
 
Depreciation—Consolidated depreciation for 2016 was $47,796, a 9% increase from $43,752 in 2015. Depreciation for the Holding Company segment for 2016 was $3,238, a 4% increase from $3,100 in 2015. Depreciation for the Broker-Dealer Services segment for 2016 was $44,558, a 10% increase from $40,652 in 2015. The depreciation expense in 2016 for discontinued operations was immaterial and is carried in discontinued operations on the income statement.
 
Interest Expense—Interest expense was $2,814 for 2016, a 23% decrease from $3,646 in 2015. The difference is due to interest payments made within the Holding Company segment. There was no material interest expense in the other segments for 2016 or 2015.
 
Interest Income – Consolidated interest income was $16,206 for 2016, an 80% decrease from $82,795 in 2015. Interest income is related to discontinued operations and is reported discontinued operations on the income statement. There is no material interest income in the other segments for 2016 or 2015.
 
Depletion—Depletion expense was $18,887 for 2016, an 80% increase from $10,467 in 2015. The depletion expense is attributed to discontinued operations and is carried in discontinued operations on the income statement. There is no depletion expense attributed to the Holding Company segment or the Broker-Dealer segment.
 
 
 
12
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015, compared with Year Ended December 31, 2014:
 
Operating Revenues—Total continuing operating revenues for 2015 were $19,274,165 a 9% decrease from $21,246,858 in 2014. The decrease resulted from the net decreases in the income categories described in the paragraphs below. There are no material operating revenues from the Holding Company.
 
Fee Income—Fee income for 2015 was $1,154,082, a 5% increase from $1,095,610 in 2014. The increase was due to an increase in fees received by the Broker-Dealer Services segment as a result of an increase in assets under management in the Broker-Dealer Services segment’s registered investment advisor. Assets under management as of period ended December 31, 2015 were approximately $141,962,379 compared to approximately $141,000,000 during the same period ended 2014.
 
The Company earns investment advisory fees in connection with the Broker-Dealer Services segment’s registered investment advisor. The Company pays the registered representatives a portion of this fee income as a commission expense and retains the balance. These fees constituted 6% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2015 compared to 5% in 2014.
 
Commission Income—Commission income includes all concessions received. The Company pays the registered representatives a percentage of this income as commission expense and retains the balance. Commission income for 2015 was $17,746,896, a 9% decrease from $19,559,484 in 2014. Market conditions fluctuated between 2015 and 2014 accounting for the decrease in commission income. Future market conditions and fluctuations within the makeup of the Company’s representatives will continue to impact commission levels. Commission revenues constituted 92% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2015 and 2014.
 
Other Fee Income—Other fee income for 2015 was $269,325 a 38% decrease from $436,070 in 2014. The decrease was due primarily to a decrease in marketing from sales on alternative investments. Other fee income constituted 1% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2015 compared to 2% in 2014.
 
Other Income—Other income for 2015 was $103,862 a 33% decrease from $155,694 in 2014. The decrease was due primarily to a decrease in income received from fees charged related to the Broker-Dealer Services segment. Other income constituted approximately 1% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2015 and 2014.
 
Oil Lease Income—Oil lease income includes the revenue received from operating oil leases within discontinued operations. There is no oil lease income related to any of the other segments. Oil lease income for 2015 was $47,965, a 100% increase from the same period ended 2014. Oil lease income constituted less than 1% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in 2015.
 
Gross Margin – The Company’s gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was 14%.The gross margin consists of continuing operating revenues and commission expense.
 
Operating Expenses—Total continuing operating expenses for 2015 were $19,051,850 an 19% decrease from $23,380,355 in 2014. The decrease resulted from the net decreases in the expense categories described in the paragraphs below.
 
Compensation and BenefitsConsolidated compensation and benefits expense for 2015 was $1,310,099, a 30% decrease from $1,873,558 in 2014. The decrease resulted primarily from the settlement proceeds that ran through payroll (See Note 15 – Related Party Transactions) and bonuses paid to employees during 2014. Salaries and wages were $1,165,081 during the period ended December 31, 2015 compared to $1,341,499 during the same period ended in 2014. Insurance premiums were $127,742 during the period ended December 31, 2015 compared to $122,642 during the same period ended in 2014. Compensation and benefits by segment is as follows:
 
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
Variance
 
Holding Company segment
  143,255 
  556,667 
  (74)%
Broker-Dealer Services segment
  1,166,844 
  1,316,891 
  (11)%
Discontinued operations
  40,187 
  32,273 
  25%
 
 
 
13
 
 
Commission Expense—Commission expense for 2015 was $16,610,792, a 9% decrease from $18,214,481 in 2014. The decrease in commissions corresponds with the decrease in concessions received within the broker dealer segment. There was no commission expense for the other segments.
 
Goodwill Impairment Expense—There was no goodwill impairment expense in the Holding Company segment for 2015 compared to a goodwill impairment expense in 2014 of $2,132,026. There was no goodwill impairment expense for the other segments.
 
The Company’s goodwill represents the excess of purchase prices over the fair value of the identifiable net assets of previously acquired broker/dealer businesses. The goodwill is not amortized; instead it is tested for impairment annually or more frequently if the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying value. Absent any impairment indicators, the Company performs its annual goodwill impairment testing as of June 30 of each year.
 
The Company’s policy is to test goodwill for impairment using a fair value approach at the reporting unit level. The Company performs its goodwill impairment test in two steps. Step one compares the fair value of the reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of the unit determined in step one is lower than its carrying value, the Company proceeds to step two, which then compares the carrying value of goodwill to its implied fair value. Any excess of carrying value of goodwill over its implied fair value at a reporting unit is recorded as impairment.
 
The valuation methodology the Company utilized in testing the Company’s goodwill for impairment in 2014 is based on the Adjusted Book Value Method. The Adjusted Book Value Method computes the value of the ownership interest, or the owner’s equity, by adjusting the value of the individual assets and liabilities to their individual fair market values. The difference between the adjusted assets and the adjusted liabilities is the adjusted book value. Different premises or viewpoints (such as Fair Market Value, replacement cost, liquidation, or going concern) may be employed to value the individual assets and liabilities, depending upon the circumstances.
 
In the fourth quarter of 2014, due to a reduction in the estimated fair market value of the Broker-Dealer Services segment (the Company’s only reporting unit) the Company determined it was necessary to perform an interim goodwill impairment test. In step one of the impairment test it was determined that the fair value of the reporting unit had decreased below its carrying value. The Company then proceeded to step two of its impairment testing and compared the carrying value of goodwill to its implied fair value and determined that an impairment charge of $2,132,026 (See Note 15 – Goodwill) was necessary to reduce the carrying value of goodwill to its implied fair value of zero.
 
General and Administrative Expenses—Consolidated general and administrative expenses for 2015 were $1,100,417, a 2% decrease from $1,127,582 in 2014. The decrease resulted from a net increases and decreases in the Company’s subsidiaries. General and administrative expenses for the Holding Company segment for 2015 were $200,400, a decrease of 16% from $239,140 in 2014. The decrease is due to a decrease in accounting services, insurance expenses and legal expenses. General and administrative expenses for the Broker-Dealer Services segment for 2015 were $900,017, an increase of 1% from $889,442 in 2014. The increase resulted from an increase in legal fees, due diligence expenses and accounting and audit fees. General and administrative expenses for discontinued operations were $35,130 for 2015, a 2,539% increase from $1,331 in 2014. The increase is due to the operating expenses tied to the oil leases within the discontinued operations.
 
Depreciation—Consolidated depreciation for 2015 was $43,752, a 34% increase from $32,708 in 2014. The primary difference corresponds with the purchase of computer equipment and software for the Company. Depreciation for the Holding Company segment for 2015 was $3,100, a 15% decrease from $3,634 in 2014. Depreciation for the Broker-Dealer Services segment for 2015 was $40,652, a 40% increase from $29,074 in 2014. The depreciation expense in 2015 for the discontinued operations in 2015 and 2014 was immaterial and is carried in discontinued operations on the income statement.
 
Interest Expense—Interest expense was $3,646 for 2015, a 74% decrease from $14,125 in 2014. The decrease was due to a full year’s worth of interest payments made in 2014 compared to only a couple of months with interest payments in 2015 within the Holding Company segment. There was no material interest expense in the other segments for 2015 or 2014.
 
Interest Income – Consolidated interest income was $82,795 for 2015, a 167% increase from $30,900 2014. The primary reason for the increase was due to the interest income received to discontinued operations from the Baron Notes Receivable in 2015 (See Note 20 – Baron Notes Receivable). Interest income for discontinued operations for 2015 was $82,642 compared to $29,435 in 2014. Interest income received to the Holding Company for 2015 and 2014 is immaterial.
 
 
14
 
 
Depletion—Depletion expense was $10,467 for 2015, a 100% increase from 2014. The depletion expense is attributed to discontinued operations. There is no depletion expense attributed to the Holding Company segment or the Broker-Dealer segment.
 
FINANCIAL CONDITION
 
On December 31, 2016, the Company’s assets aggregated $4,954,985, an increase of 9% from $4,550,667 in 2015, due to an increase in fixed assets. On December 31, 2016, the Company’s working capital was $584,196, a decrease of 42% from $1,004,009 in 2015. The decrease was due to a decrease in accounts receivable, prepaids and cash and cash equivalents, offset by an increase in liabilities. Stockholder’s equity was $2,125,545 on December 31, 2016, compared to $2,543,306 on December 31, 2015.
 
On December 31, 2015, the Company’s assets aggregated $4,550,667, a decrease of 10% from $5,047,341 in 2014, due to a decrease in cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and income tax receivable. The main reason tied to the decrease of Company’s aggregated assets is the overpayment of taxes that was made in 2014. On December 31, 2015, the Company’s working capital was $1,004,009, a decrease of 9% from $1,104,533 in 2014. The increase was due to an increase in accounts receivable and income taxes receivable, offset by a decrease in settlements payable and other current liabilities. Stockholder’s equity was $2,543,306 on December 31, 2015, compared to $2,558,728 on December 31, 2014.
 
Cash used for operating activities was $22,311 for the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $230,268 for the year ended December 31, 2015 and net cash provided by operating activities of $349,239 for the year ended December 31, 2014. Cash provided by operating activities during year ended December 31, 2016, consists of net amounts of an increase in commissions payable related to the broker dealer segment, accounts payable related to an increase in conference expenses within the broker dealer segment and an increase legal expenses related to the holding segment and broker dealer segment, a reduction in income taxes payable, an increase in accounts receivable related to the broker dealer segment and impaired assets held for sale related to discontinued operations.
 
Net cash used for investing activities was $506,404 for the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to net cash used for investing activities of $313,115 for the year ended December 31, 2015 and net cash used for investing activities of $596,266 for the year ended December 31, 2014. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the net cash used for investing activities was from the purchase of the new commercial office space and the reduction of the Baron notes receivable. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the cash used for investing activities was from the additions to discontinued operations including the Kifer Lease, Shaffer leases and mineral, water rights and surface interests in Hudspeth County, Texas. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the cash used for investing activities was from the Baron notes receivable.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities was $425,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to net cash used for financing activities of $212,050 for the year ended December 31, 2015, and net cash used for financing activities of $84,773 for the year ended December 31, 2014. Cash provided by financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2016, consists of net amounts of payments on short term borrowings and proceeds from long term borrowing attributed to the purchase of commercial office space. Cash used for financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2015, consists of net amounts of payments on short term borrowings, proceeds from short term borrowing and shareholder distributions. Cash used for financing activities during year ended December 31, 2014, consists of net payments on short term borrowings, settlements payable in the amount of $22,000 and shareholder distributions in the amount of $62,050.
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
On December 31, 2016, the Company’s working capital was $584,196 compared to $1,004,009 in 2015. On December 31, 2016, the Company held $934,711 in cash and cash equivalents, as compared to $1,038,426 on December 31, 2015. Liquid assets, which consist of cash and cash equivalents, totaled $934,711 at December 31, 2016, as compared to $1,038,426 on December 31, 2015, and $1,333,323 on December 31, 2014. The Company is required to maintain certain levels of cash and liquid securities in its broker-dealer subsidiary to meet regulatory net capital requirements.
 
 
15
 
 
The Company has historically relied upon sales of its equity securities and debt instruments, as well as bank loans, for liquidity and growth. Management believes that the Company’s existing liquid assets, along with cash flow from operations, will provide the Company with sufficient resources to meet its ordinary operating expenses during the next twelve months. Significant, unforeseen or extraordinary expenses may require the Company to seek alternative financing sources, including common or preferred share issuance or additional debt financing.
 
In addition to the liabilities coming due in the next twelve months, management expects that the principal needs for cash may be to acquire additional financial services firms, broker recruitment, and repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock, and service debt. Management also expects to realize increases in consultant expenses as well as increased compliance and legal costs with respect to its broker dealer subsidiary related to regulatory and litigation matters and additional costs related to acquisition of remodeling the Company’s new office space.
 
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company.
 
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
The financial statements required by this item, the accompanying notes thereto, and the reports of independent registered public accounting firm are included as part of this Form 10-K immediately following the signatures page, beginning on page F-1.
 
Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.
 
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure controls and procedures are the controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
The Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-14(c) and Rule 15c-14(c) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report, pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act.
 
Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this annual report.
 
MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
 
Management of Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”), is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officers to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).
 
 
16
 
 
As of December 31, 2016, management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, based on the 2013 framework established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this assessment, management has determined that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2016, is effective.
 
The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and acquisitions and dispositions of assets; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the directors of the Company; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of Company assets that could have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.
 
This Annual Report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to final rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this Annual Report.
 
Item 9B. Other Information
 
None.
 
 
17
 
 
PART III
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
The information required by this Item will be contained in our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and such information is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 11. Executive Compensation
 
The information required by this Item will be contained in our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and such information is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The information required by this Item will be contained in our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and such information is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
The information required by this Item will be contained in our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and such information is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
The information required by this Item will be contained in our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and such information is incorporated herein by reference.
 
 
18
 
 
PART IV
 
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
The following exhibits are filed herewith or incorporated herein by reference as set forth below:
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
 
 
2.1
 
Share Purchase Agreement and Change of Advisor between Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. and Corridor Investors, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (File No. 0-25958) filed with the Commission on March 18, 2014).
 
 
 
3.1
 
Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 contained in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB, (File No. 0-25958), filed with the Commission on November 10, 2004 and amended Articles filed with Form 8-K/A on August 5, 2009).
 
 
 
3.2
 
Amended Bylaws of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 contained in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB, as amended (File No. 0-25958), filed with the Commission on August 11, 2006).
 
 
 
4.1
 
Specimen form of Common Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 contained in the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (File No.33-96824), filed with the Commission on September 12, 1995).
 
 
 
4.2
 
Certificate of Designation of Series A Convertible Preferred Shares (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 contained in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB, (File No. 0-25958), filed with the Commission on November 10, 2004).
 
 
 
4.3
 
Instruments defining rights of holders of securities: (See Exhibit 3.1 & 3.2)
 
 
 
14.1
 
Code of Ethics (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 14.1 contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB, filed with the Commission on March 30, 2004).
 
 
 
21.1
 
Subsidiaries of the Company.
 
 
 
31.1
 
CEO Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
31.2
 
CFO Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
32.1
 
CEO Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
 
 
32.2
 
CFO Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
 
 
99.2
 
Asset Purchase Agreement between Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. and United Heritage Financial Group, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (File No. 0-25958) filed with the Commission on March 18, 2014).
 
 
 
 
 
19
 
SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Registrant has caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC.  
 
 
 
 
Date: March 30, 2017
By:
  /s/ John Carlson
 
 
 
John Carlson
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer & President
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Date
Signature & Title    
   
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Date: March 30, 2017
By:
/s/ John R. Carlson
 
 
 
John R. Carlson
 
 
 
President, Executive Officer & Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
Date: March 30, 2017
By: /s/ Elizabeth A. Colby
 
 
 
Elizabeth A. Colby
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Secretary & Director
 
 
 
(Principal Financial & Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
Date: March 30, 2017
By:
/s/ Gordon Dihle
 
 
 
Gordon Dihle
 
 
 
Chairman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARY
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Pages
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
F-1
 
 
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
F-2 - F-3
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations
F-4
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
F-5
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
F-6 – F-7
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
F-8 – F-26
 
 
21
 
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
Capital Financial Holdings, Inc.
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. and subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
/s/ Hein & Associates LLP
 
Denver, Colorado
March 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
F-1
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $934,711
 $1,038,426
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtfulaccounts of $24,000 for 2016 and 2015)
  1,932,933 
  1,766,030 
Prepaids
  61,709 
  107,690 
Current assets of discontinued operations
 6,375
 46,317
 
    
    
Total current assets
 $2,935,727 
 $2,958,463 
 
    
    
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
    
    
Land
  98,409 
  - 
Building
  875,682 
  - 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
  543,601 
  513,830 
Less accumulated depreciation
  (422,058)
  (375,475)
Property and equipment of discontinued operations
  72,616 
  273,574 
Net property and equipment
 $1,168,250 
 $411,929 
 
    
    
OTHER ASSETS
    
    
Severance escrow
  258,185 
  257,927 
Deferred tax asset – non-current
  417,542 
  241,576 
Other assets (net of accumulated amortization
  175,279 
  180,772 
of $214,444 for 2016 and 2015)
 
    
    
Long-term assets of discontinued operations
 $- 
 $500,000 
Total other assets
 $851,006 
 $1,180,275 
 
    
    
TOTAL ASSETS
 $4,954,985 
 $4,550,667 
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-2
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
2016
 
 
  2015  
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 $292,987 
 $150,981 
Commissions payable
  2,027,962 
  1,712,109 
Income taxes payable
  10,187 
  61,667 
Other current liabilities
  12,963 
  24,366 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations
  7,434 
  5,331 
 
    
    
Total current liabilities
 $2,351,533 
 $1,954,454 
 
    
    
NON CURRENT LIABILITIES
    
    
Building mortgage
 $475,000 
 $- 
Non current liabilities of discontinued operations
  2,907 
  52,907 
Total noncurrent liabilities
  477,907 
  52,907 
 
    
    
TOTAL LIABILITIES
 $2,829,440 
 $2,007,361 
 
    
    
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    
    
Series A Preferred stock – 5,000,000 shares authorized, $.0001 par value; 3,050,000 shares issued and 0 outstanding
 $305 
 $305 
Additional paid in capital – series A preferred stock
  1,524,695 
  1,524,695 
Common stock – 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, $.0001 par value 1,241 and 1,241 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
  1,241 
  1,241 
 
    
    
Additional paid in capital – common stock
  10,221,515 
  10,221,515 
Accumulated deficit
  (8,322,211)
  (7,904,450)
Less Treasury stock, 3,050,000 preferred shares at $0.4262
  (1,300,000)
  (1,300,000)
 
    
    
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 $2,125,545 
 $2,543,306 
 
    
    
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 $4,954,985 
 $4,550,667 
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
F-3
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
OPERATING REVENUES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fee income
 $1,227,001 
 $1,154,082 
 $1,095,610 
Commission income
  15,946,037 
  17,746,896 
  19,559,484 
Other income
  50,329 
  103,862 
  155,694 
Other fee income
  335,122 
  269,325 
  436,070 
Total revenue
 $17,558,489 
 $19,274,165 
 $21,246,858 
 
    
    
    
OPERATING EXPENSES
    
    
    
Compensation and benefits
 $1,490,033 
 $1,310,099 
 $1,873,558 
Commission expense
  14,987,254 
  16,610,792 
  18,214,481 
Goodwill impairment expense
  - 
  - 
  2,132,026 
General and administrative expenses
  1,352,032 
  1,100,417 
  1,127,582 
Depreciation
  47,796 
  43,752 
  32,708 
Total operating expenses
 $17,877,115 
 $19,065,060 
 $23,380,355 
 
    
    
    
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
 $(318,626)
 $209,105 
 $(2,133,497)
 
    
    
    
OTHER INCOME/ EXPENSES
    
    
    
Interest expense
 $(2,814)
 $(3,646)
 $(14,125)
Settlement proceeds
  - 
  - 
  835,873 
Total other income/ expenses
  (2,814)
  (3,646)
 $821,748 
 
    
    
    
INCOME (LOSS) OF CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAX
 $(321,440)
 $205,459 
 $(1,311,749)
 
    
    
    
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)
 $61,542 
 $(191,141)
 $(227,900)
NET INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 $(259,898)
 $14,318 
 $(1,539,649)
 
    
    
    
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 $(157,863)
 $32,310 
 $(2,535)
 
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
NET INCOME (LOSS)
 $(417,761)
 $46,628 
 $(1,542,184)
Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted:
    
    
    
            Continuing
  (209)
  12 
  (1,241)
            Discontinued
  (127)
  26 
  (2)
 
    
    
    
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
    
    
    
            Basic and diluted
  1,241 
  1,241 
  1,241 
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-4
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014
 
 
 
Amounts    
 
 
 Shares    
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
Preferred stock and additional paid-in capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of year
 $1,525,000 
 $1,525,000 
 $1,525,000 
  3,050,000 
  3,050,000 
  3,050,000 
Preferred stock issued
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Balance, end of year
 $1,525,000 
 $1,525,000 
 $1,525,000 
  3,050,000 
  3,050,000 
  3,050,000 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Common stock and additional paid-in capital
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance, beginning of year
 $10,222,756 
 $10,222,756 
 $10,222,756 
  1,241 
  1,241 
  1,241 
Balance, end of year
 $10,222,756 
 $10,222,756 
 $10,222,756 
  1,241 
  1,241 
  1,241 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Accumulated deficit
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance, beginning of year
 $(7,904,450)
 $(7,889,028)
 $(6,284,794)
    
    
    
Net income (loss)
  (417,761)
  46,628 
  (1,542,184)
    
    
    
Capital dividends
  - 
  (62,050)
  (62,050)
    
    
    
Balance, end of year
 $(8,322,211)
 $(7,904,450)
 $(7,889,028)
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Treasury stock and additional paid-in capital
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance, beginning of year
 $(1,300,000)
 $(1,300,000)
 $(1,300,000)
    
    
    
Purchase of preferred stock
  - 
  - 
  - 
    
    
    
Balance, end of year
 $(1,300,000)
 $(1,300,000)
 $(1,300,000)
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Total stockholders’ equity
 $2,125,545 
 $2,543,306 
 $2,558,728 
    
    
    
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-5
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014
 
 
 
2016
 
 

2015
 
 
 
2014
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 $(417,761)
 $46,628 
 $(1,542,184)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
    
    
    
Depreciation and Amortization
  48,412 
  43,952 
  32,708 
Goodwill impairment expense
  - 
  - 
  2,132,026 
Impairment on discontinued operations
  190,094 
  - 
  - 
Depletion
  18,887 
  10,467 
  - 
 Provision (benefit) for deferred income taxes
  (175,966)
  123,851 
  135,976 
Effects on operating cash flows due to changes in:
    
    
    
Accounts receivable
  (134,109)
  175,080 
  (245,765)
Income taxes payable (receivable)
  (51,480)
  265,290 
  (203,623)
Prepaids
  51,311 
  (38,917)
  1,135 
Severance escrow
  (258)
  (257)
  (258)
Commissions payable
  315,853 
  (191,772)
  42,832 
Accounts payable
  144,109 
  (211,800)
  27,868 
Other liabilities
  (11,403)
  7,746 
  (31,476)
 
    
    
    
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
 $(22,311)
 $230,268 
 $349,239 
 
    
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
Purchase of property and equipment
  (22,313)
  (35,143)
  (96,266)
Purchase of building
  (984,091)
  - 
  - 
Additions to other property holdings
  - 
  (87,972)
  - 
Additions to O&G properties
  - 
  (190,000)
  - 
Advances on Baron notes receivable
  - 
  -
 
  (500,000)
Payment received on notes receivable
  500,000 
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
Net cash used for investing activities
 $(506,404) 
 $(313,115)
 $(596,266)
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-6
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
 
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
2014
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends paid
 $-
 
 $(62,050)
  (62,050)
Proceeds from long-term borrowing
  475,000 
  50,000 
  - 
Payments on short-term borrowing
  (50,000) 
  (200,000)
  (723)
Decrease in settlements payable
  - 
  -
 
  (22,000)
 
    
    
    
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
 $425,000 
 $(212,050)
  (84,773)
 
    
    
    
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 $(103,715)
 $(294,897)
  (331,800)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF YEAR
  1,038,426 
  1,333,323 
  1,665,123 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR
 $934,711 
 $1,038,426 
  1,333,323 
 
    
    
    
SUPPLEMENTARY DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
    
    
    
Cash paid during the year for:
    
    
    
Interest
 $2,814 
 $3,646 
 $14,125 
Income taxes
 $73,750 
 $30,280 
 $363,840 
 
    
    
    
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    
    
    
Goodwill impairment expense
 $- 
 $- 
 $2,132,026 
Impairment on discontinued operations
 $190,094 
 $- 
 $- 
 
SEE NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-7
CAPITAL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014
 
NOTE 1—NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
The nature of operations and significant accounting policies of Capital Financial Holdings, Inc., and its Subsidiaries are presented to assist in understanding the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
Nature of operations—Capital Financial Holdings, Inc., (the “Company”) is the parent company of Capital Financial Services, Inc. and Capital Natural Resources, Inc. Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. was established in September 1987 as a North Dakota corporation. Headquartered in Minot, North Dakota, the Company is marketing its services throughout the United States. The Company currently has three reporting segments:
 
Broker-Dealer Services
 
The Company derives the majority of its operating revenues from Capital Financial Services, Inc. through investment advisory fees as well as commissions earned from sales of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities. CFS is a full-service brokerage firm. CFS is registered with the SEC as an investment advisor and broker-dealer and also with FINRA as a broker-dealer. CFS specializes in providing investment products and services to independent investment representatives, financial planners, and investment advisors and currently supports over approximately 165 investment representatives and investment advisors.
 
The Company operates under the provision of Paragraph (k)(2)(ii) of Rule 15c3-3 of the Securities and Exchange Commission and, accordingly, is exempt from the remaining provisions of that rule. To the best of management’s knowledge and belief the Company met the identified exemption provisions from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016 without exception.
 
Natural Resources
 
On June 9, 2014 the Company launched a wholly-owned subsidiary, Capital Natural Resources, Inc. Capital Natural Resources, Inc. seeks opportunities related to natural resources in the United States, including petroleum, natural gas, and/or other minerals, water resources and land. In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource assets in order to concentrate on its core business of Broker-Dealer Services to enable a more efficient use of its personnel and financial resources. As of December 31, 2016 the segment met the definition of discontinued operations.
 
CNR follows the full cost method of accounting for crude oil and natural gas operations whereby all costs related to the exploration and development of crude oil and natural gas properties are capitalized into a single cost center (“full cost pool”).  Such costs include land acquisition costs, geological and geophysical expenses, carrying charges on non-producing properties, costs of drilling directly related to acquisition, and exploration activities. 
 
During the year ended December 31, 2016, CNR held leasehold interests on acreage located in Gonzalas and Taylor County, Texas, Lincoln County, Colorado and Divide and Williams County, North Dakota. Proceeds from property sales will generally be credited to the full cost pool with no gain or loss recognized, unless such a sale would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and the proved reserves attributable to these costs. In the first quarter of 2017 these assets were sold for $66,200.
 
Capitalized costs are depleted and amortized on the unit-of-production method based on the estimated proved reserves as determined by independent petroleum engineers.  The costs of unproved properties are withheld from the depletion base until such time as they are either developed or abandoned.  When proved reserves are assigned or the property is considered to be impaired, the cost of the property or the amount of the impairment is added to costs subject to depletion and full cost ceiling calculations.  For the year ended December 31, 2016, depletion expense was $18,887.
 
The Company assesses all items classified as unproved property on an annual basis, or if certain circumstances exist, more frequently, for possible impairment or reduction in value.  During the year ended December 31, 2016 the Company held non-producing and unproved properties in Lincoln County, Colorado and Divide and Williams County, North Dakota. In the first quarter of 2017 these assets were disposed of in transfers deemed effective as of December 31, 2016 by assignment documents in accordance with established practice in the oil and gas industry.
 
 
F-8
 
 
At the end of each reporting period, the Company performs a “ceiling test” on the value of the net capitalized cost of oil and gas properties. This test compares the net capitalized cost (capitalized cost of oil and gas properties, net of accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization and related deferred income taxes) to the present value of estimated future net revenues from oil and gas properties using an average price (arithmetic average of the beginning of month prices for the prior 12 months) and current cost discounted at 10% plus cost of properties not being amortized and the lower of cost is greater than the ceiling, a write-down or impairment is required. A write-down of the carrying value of the asset is a non-cash charge that reduces earnings in the current period. Once incurred, a write-down may not be reversed in a later period. The Company recorded on impairment of $190,094 on its oil and gas properties as of December 31, 2016, based on the sales price received for the assets at auction.
 
The impairment on its oil and gas properties was recorded based upon the actual value of the assets as determined by sale price of the assets in open unreserved auction through an independent nationally recognized oil and gas property auction facility. As of December 31, 2016 the segment met the definition of discontinued operations.
 
Oil and Gas Revenue
 
The Company recognizes oil and gas revenue for only its ownership percentage of total production under the entitlement method. There was no imbalance as of December 31, 2016.
 
Asset Retirement Obligations
 
Asset retirement obligation is included in other noncurrent liabilities and relates to future costs associated with the plugging and abandonment of crude oil and natural gas wells, removal of equipment and facilities from leased acreage and returning the land to its original condition.  Estimates are based on estimated remaining lives of those wells based on reserve estimates, external estimates to plug and abandon the wells in the future, inflation, credit adjusted discount rates and federal and state regulatory requirements.  The liability is accreted to its present value each period, and the capitalized cost is depreciated over the useful life of the related asset. As of December 31, 2016, asset retirement obligations were $2,907 and for the year ended December 31, 2016 accretion expense was not significant.
 
Holding Company
 
The Company encompasses cost associated with business development and acquisitions, dispositions of subsidiary entities and results of discontinued operations, dividend income and recognized gains or losses.
 
Principles of consolidation—The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Capital Financial Holdings, Inc., and its subsidiaries Capital Financial Services, Inc. (“CFS”) and Capital Natural Resources, Inc. (“CNR”). All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Concentrations—Capital Financial Holdings, Inc. derives the majority of its revenues and net income from sales of mutual funds, insurance products, and various other securities through CFS, the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary. The company’s revenues are largely dependent on the sales activity of registered representatives operating as independent contractors. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and the composition of assets under management impact revenues and results of operations.
 
Use of estimates—The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
 
F-9
 
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments – The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivables, accounts payable and accrued expense obligations. The carrying value of the Company’s financial instruments approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of their underlying terms.
 
Revenue recognition—Commission income and the related clearing expenses are recorded based on the trade date. The revenue earned from 12b-1 is recognized ratably over the period received. Investment advisory fees are derived from account management and investment advisory services. These fees are determined based on a percentage of the customer’s assets under sponsor management or a flat fee, may be billed monthly or quarterly and recognized ratably over the period received.
 
Cash and cash equivalents—The Company’s policy is to record all liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less as cash equivalents. Liquid investments with maturities greater than three months are recorded as investments.
 
Clearing Deposits—The Company has “Deposit Accounts” with each of its Clearing Firms, as set forth in each of the Clearing Agreements. Upon termination or expiration of these agreements, the Clearing Firms would deliver the balance of these accounts to the Company. As of December 31, 2016 the balance in the Company’s Dain account and Pershing account was $35,000 and $100,000 respectively.
 
Accounts receivable—The Company’s receivables consist primarily of concessions related to registered representative activity. Management evaluates the need for an allowance for doubtful accounts by identifying troubled accounts and using historical experience. Accounts receivable are written off when management deems them uncollectible. Recoveries of accounts receivable previously written off are recorded when received. The Company does not charge interest on its receivables.
 
Baron notes receivable – The Company monitors the credit qualify and associated risks of notes receivable on an individual basis based on criteria such as financial stability of the party and collection experience in conjunction with general economic market conditions. As of December 31, 2016, the Company no longer has a receivable for Baron notes.
 
Goodwill—The Company accounts for goodwill under the FASB accounting and reporting standards for goodwill and other intangible assets, which requires that goodwill and indefinite-lived other intangible assets deemed to have an indefinite useful life be assessed annually for impairment using fair value measurement techniques. As of December 31, 2016, the Company no longer has a value for goodwill.
 
Property and equipment—Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation computed on straight-line and accelerated methods over estimated useful lives of 5-7 years.
 
Other assets—Other assets include clearing deposits and other miscellaneous assets.
 
Advertising—Costs of advertising and promotion are expensed as incurred. There were no advertising and promotion costs in 2016 or 2015.
 
Earnings per common share—Basic earnings per common share was computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding of 1,241 in 2014, 2015 and 2016. Diluted earnings per common share is computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding adjusted for share equivalents arising from unexercised stock warrants, stock options, written put options, and preferred shares.
 
Income taxes—The Company files a consolidated income tax return with its wholly owned subsidiaries. The amount of deferred tax benefit or expense is recognized as of the date of the consolidated financial statements, utilizing currently enacted tax laws and rates. Deferred tax benefits or expenses are recognized in the financial statements for the changes in deferred tax assets between years. The Company’s policy is to evaluate the likelihood that its uncertain tax positions will prevail upon examination based on the extent to which those positions have substantial support within the Internal Revenue Code and Regulations, Revenue Rulings, court decisions, and other evidence. It is the opinion of management that the Company has no significant uncertain tax positions that would be subject to change upon examination. The federal income tax returns of the Company are subject to examination by the IRS, generally for three years after they were filed.
 
 
F-10
 
 
Severance Escrow—The Company’s severance escrow accounts are restricted cash held in third-party administered escrow accounts for the sole purpose of funding certain employee severance plans established in 2010 by the Company’s Board of Directors for the benefit of and with the purpose of retaining its employees. These funds are held in escrow accounts pursuant to several Involuntary Termination Severance Pay Plans and are not available to the Company for use other than the Involuntary Termination Severance Plan purposes nor is it accessible to creditors of the Company.
 
Reclassification—Certain amounts from 2015 and 2014 have been reclassified to conform to the 2016 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the Company’s net income/(loss).
 
Concentration of Credit Risk - The Company has a concentration of credit risk for cash deposits at various financial institutions. These deposits may at times exceed amounts covered by insurance provided by the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.
 
Recent Accounting Developments
 
ASU 2014-15 —Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The amendment requires that in connection with preparing financial statements for each annual and interim reporting period, an entitiy’s management should evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption of ASU 2014-15.
 
ASU 2016-02 – Leases (Topic 842): - The amendments in this update supersede nearly all existing lease guidance under GAAP. The amendment requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet by lessees for those leases currently classified as operating leases. Qualitative and quantitative disclosures are required. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted. Entities are required to apply the amendments at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption of ASU 2016-02.
 
ASU 2016-12—Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients – The amendments in this update affect the guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of update 2014-09 by one year. ASU 2014-09 is effective in the Company’s first quarter of fiscal 2018. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact of update, which is not expected to be material.
 
ASU 2016-15—Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments –This amendment becomes effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The pronouncement would impact the presentation of certain items on the statement of cash flows including debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, settlement of zero coupon debt instruments, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims and/or corporate-owned life insurance policies, distributions received from equity method investees, beneficial interests in securitization transactions, and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. Should the Company have any of the aforementioned items, they would be presented on the statement of cash flows in accordance to ASU 2016-15. Early adoption is permitted, but the entity must adopt all of the amendments in the same period. The Company is currently assessing the requirements of this guidance, but doesn’t foresee a reporting impact on the Company.
 
ASU 2016-17—Consolidation (Topic 810): Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control - The amendments in this Update do not change the characteristics of a primary beneficiary in current generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Therefore, a primary beneficiary of a VIE has both of the following characteristics: (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. If a reporting entity satisfies the first characteristic of a primary beneficiary (such that it is the single decision maker of a VIE), the amendments in this Update require that reporting entity, in determining whether it satisfies the second characteristic of a primary beneficiary, to include all of its direct variable interests in a VIE and, on a proportionate basis, its indirect variable interests in a VIE held through related parties, including related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has determined that there is no impact.
 
ASU 2016-18—Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force) - The amendments in this Update require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this Update do not provide a definition of restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the requirements of this guidance and has not yet determined the potential impact.
 
 
F-11
 
 
ASU 2017-01—Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business - Under the current implementation guidance in Topic 805, there are three elements of a business—inputs, processes, and outputs. While an integrated set of assets and activities (collectively referred to as a “set”) that is a business usually has outputs, outputs are not required to be present. In addition, all the inputs and processes that a seller uses in operating a set are not required if market participants can acquire the set and continue to produce outputs, for example, by integrating the acquired set with their own inputs and processes. Public business entities should apply the amendments in this Update to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company is currently assessing the requirements of this guidance and has not yet determined the potential impact.
 
NOTE 2—CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2016 and 2015 consist of cash and savings accounts of $934,711 and $1,038,426 respectively. At December 31, 2016 and 2015 the Company had severance escrow balances of $258,185 and $257,927 respectively. The Company’s severance escrow accounts are restricted cash held in third-party administered escrow accounts for the sole purpose of funding certain employee severance plans.
 
NOTE 3—PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
Property and equipment at December 31, 2016 and 2015, consists of the following:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
Office furniture and equipment
 $543,601 
 $513,830 
Land
  98,409 
  - 
Building
  875,682 
  - 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization
  (422,058)
  (375,475)
Property and equipment of discontinued operations
  72,616 
  273,574 
 
 $1,168,250 
 $411,929 
 
Depreciation expense for continuing operations totaled $47,796, $43,752 and $32,708 in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The recently purchased building and fixtures acquired in the purchase are not currently listed as active assets and are not depreciating.
 
NOTE 4—BUSINESS VENTURES
 
On March 7, 2007, the Company acquired certain assets of United Heritage Financial Services, Inc. (UHFS), a wholly owned subsidiary of United Heritage Financial Group, Inc., of Meridian, Idaho. UHFS had approximately 120 independent registered representatives who became part of Capital Financial Services, Inc. (CFS), the retail brokerage division of the Company. Pursuant to the agreement, in exchange for the assets of UHFS set forth above, the Company agreed to issue 50 restricted CFH shares and pay a deferred cash earn out payment totaling a maximum of $900,000, to be paid in 21 quarterly installments. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had made twenty-one quarterly installment payments. There is no longer a liability relating to this acquisition. Due to the goodwill impairment charge of $101,994 that was recorded on December 31, 2010, a charge of $25,862 that was recorded on March 31, 2012 and a goodwill impairment charge of $2,132,026 on December 31, 2014 (See Note 15-Goodwill). As of December 31, 2016, there is no goodwill recorded relating to this acquisition.
 
 
F-12
 
 
On June 9, 2014, the Company launched a new wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Capital Natural Resources, Inc., by acquiring 1,000,000 shares, .001 par value common stock of Capital Natural Resources, Inc. for the amount of $100,000. Capital Natural Resources, Inc. will seek opportunities related to natural resources in the United States, including petroleum, natural gas and/or other minerals, water resources and land. In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource assets.
 
On April 1, 2015, CNR obtained a non-operating working interest in an oil and gas property consisting of three oil and gas leases in Taylor County, Texas for a purchase price of $90,000 paid in cash.
 
On December 1, 2015, CNR purchased a non-operating working interest in the Kifer Rozella 1, producing oil well, located in the County of Gonzales, state of Texas. The purchase price of $100,000 for CNR’s interest was paid by $50,000 by a promissory note and deed of trust carried by the Seller, Origin Production Company, Inc. Said promissory note has an annual interest rate of 10% per annum and is payable in monthly installment of approximately $1,062 beginning January 1, 2016 with final maturity on December 1, 2020. On February 1, 2016 the Company paid off the promissory note in the amount of approximately $50,847 bringing the balance of the note to zero. Total interest paid on the promissory note was approximately $847. 
 
On July 28, 2015, CNR acquired five year oil and gas leases located in Williams County, North Dakota and two tracts located in Divide County, North Dakota for a combined acquisition cost of $7,676, including lease bonus and prepaid annual rentals. The oil and gas leases were obtained from the State of North Dakota Department of Trust Lands. The leases grant the right to conduct oil and gas operations and extract oil and gas from the property with payment of royalty to the lessor of 3/16 of oil and gas produced. The leases will expire August 3, 2020 unless held by production, meaning oil and gas is being produced from the properties.
 
On August 20, 2015, CNR acquired a five year oil and gas lease located in Lincoln County, Colorado at an initial acquisition cost of $1,652 including the first annual rental payment of $1,600. The oil and gas lease was obtained from the Colorado State Board of Land Commissioners. The lease grants the right to conduct oil and gas operations and extract oil and gas from the property with payment of royalty to the lessor of 1/6 of oil and gas produced. The lease will expire August 20, 2020 unless held by production, meaning oil and gas is being produced from the property.
 
The oil and gas leases in North Dakota and Colorado are currently non-producing properties and non-operating leases.
 
The purchase allocation for all four CNR oil and gas lease transactions was based on the estimated fair value of the assets acquired.
 
On May 19, 2015, CNR acquired interests in coal rights located in Kanawha County, West Virginia with 1,483,451 recoverable tons for a purchase price of $1,275 paid in cash.
 
On June 11, 2015, CNR acquired mineral, water rights and surface interests in Hudspeth County, Texas for a purchase price of $83,350 paid in cash.
 
In the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company determined to dispose of its natural resource segment. In the first quarter of 2017 all of the natural resource assets described above were sold for $66,200.
 
 
F-13
 
 
NOTE 5 – DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 
On March 2 and 3, 2017 the Company sold the assets in its natural resource segment, Capital Natural Resources, Inc. The sale included all of the leases and coal, mineral, water and surface interests.
 
The summarized balance sheet for discontinued operations is presented below:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 $5,626 
  - 
Current Long term receivable
  - 
  38,420 
Prepaids
  749 
  7,897 
Total current assets
 $6,374 
  46,317 
 
    
    
Property and Equipment
    
    
Oil and natural gas properties, Full Cost Method of Accounting
 $61,829 
  194,602 
Less accumulated depletion
  (29,354)
  (10,467)
Equipment
  4,690 
  3,362 
Less accumulated depreciation
  (816)
  (200)
Other property holdings
  36,267 
  86,277 
Net property and equipment
 $72,616 
  273,574 
 
    
    
Other Assets
    
    
Baron notes receivable
 $- 
  500,000 
Total other assets
 $- 
  500,000 
 
    
    
Total Assets
 $78,990 
  819,891 
 
    
    
 
    
    
 
    
    
Current liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable
 $7,434 
  5,331 
Total current liabilities
 $7,434 
  5,331 
 
    
    
Noncurrent liabilities
    
    
Asset retirement obligation
 $2,907 
  2,907 
Promissory note
  - 
  50,000 
Total noncurrent liabilities
 $2,907 
  52,907 
 
    
    
Stockholder’s Equity
    
    
Common Stock
 $300,400 
  515,000 
Accumulated deficit
  (231,751)
  246,653 
Total stockholder’s equity
 $68,649 
  761,653 
 
    
    
Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity
 $78,990 
  819,891 
 
The results of operations of Capital Natural Resources, Inc. are included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations as discontinued operations.
 
The company recorded impairment on the assets held for sale as of December 31, 2016. The proceeds of the sale, after giving effect to any working capital adjustments, will be allocated among the holding company.
 
 
F-14
 
 
The summarized income from discontinued operations is presented below:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
Operating Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil lease income
 $64,785 
  47,965 
Total operating revenue
 $64,785 
  47,965 
 
    
    
Operating Expenses
    
    
Compensation and benefits
 $55,097 
  40,187 
Impairment
  190,094 
  - 
Lease operating expense
  73,256 
  29,096 
General and administrative
  9,088 
  6,034 
Depletion
  18,887 
  10,467 
Depreciation
  616 
  200 
Total operating expenses
 $347,038 
  85,984 
 
    
    
Operating loss
 $(282,253)
  (38,019)
 
    
    
Other income (expenses)
    
    
Interest expense
 $(847)
  - 
Interest income
  16,206 
  82,642 
Total other income (expenses)
 $15,359 
  82,642 
 
    
    
Income (Loss) of discontinued operations before income tax expense
 $(266,894)
  44,623 
 
    
    
Income tax (expense) benefit
 $109,031 
  (12,313)
 
    
    
Net income (loss)
 $(157,863)
  32,310 
 
    
    
 
The Company did not reclassify its Statements of Cash Flows to reflect the various discontinued operations. Cash flows from 2016 are combined with the cash flows from continuing operations within each of the categories presented. Cash flows from discontinued operations are as follows:
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 $75,431 
Net cash provided by investing activities
 $498,672 
Net cash used for financing activities
 $590,583 
 
NOTE 6—LINE OF CREDIT
 
On July 14, 2014, the Company signed new loan documents for a line of credit with American Bank Center in the amount of $300,000. The line of credit had a variable interest rate of 1.509 percent above Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate. The loan matured July 14, 2015. The Company set up monthly payments with an automatic payment of $25,000. There are no financial covenants associated with the line of credit. The Company made a payment of $25,000 on July 6, 2015, and a final payment of $28,578 on July 14, 2015, bringing the balance to zero. The total interest expense on this line of credit was $8,061.
 
On September 12, 2016, the Company signed renewal loan documents for the line of credit with American Bank Center in the amount of $500,000. The line of credit has a variable interest rate of 1.509 percent above Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate which was 3.5% as of December 31, 2016. The loan matures with principal due on September 12, 2017. For the period ended December 31, 2016, the Company had no outstanding balance against this line of credit before renewal. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had zero outstanding and zero interest expense against its current line of credit. There are no financial covenants associated with the line of credit.
 
 
F-15
 
 
NOTE 7—INCOME TAXES
 
The provision for income taxes is based on earnings before income taxes reported for financial statement purposes and consisted of the following:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
Current income tax expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Federal
 $- 
 $65,206 
 $69,367 
State
  10,238 
  23,728 
  20,923 
Total current tax expense
 $10,238 
 $88,934 
 $90,290 
Deferred tax expense:
    
    
    
Federal
 $(162,337)
 $99,403 
 $121,404 
State
  (23,867)
  15,117 
  14,572 
Total deferred tax expense
 $(186,204)
 $114,520 
 $135,976 
 
    
    
    
Total provision (benefit) for income tax
    
    
    
expense
 $(175,966)
 $203,454 
 $226,266 
 
Deferred taxes arise because of different tax treatment between financial statement accounting and tax accounting, known as “temporary differences.” The Company records the tax effect of these temporary differences as “deferred tax assets” (generally items that can be used as a tax deduction or credit in future periods) and “deferred tax liabilities” (generally items for which the Company has received a tax deduction and has not yet been recorded in the consolidated statement of operations).
 
Deferred tax assets (liabilities) were comprised of the following:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
Deferred tax asset:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital loss carry forward
 $- 
 $- 
 $33,077 
Valuation on capital loss carry forward
  - 
  - 
  (33,077
Net operating loss carryforward
  135,209 
  - 
  - 
Intangibles
  32,111 
  - 
  - 
Stock option compensation
  211,523 
  293,908 
  357,386 
Other assets
  74,517 
  - 
  57,866 
 
    
    
    
Total deferred tax assets
 $453,360 
 $293,908 
 $415,252 
 
    
    
    
Deferred tax liabilities:
    
    
    
Plant, property and equipment