DEF 14A 1 ntp10000723x1_def14a.htm DEF 14A

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A
(Rule 14a-101)

SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION
PROXY STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 14(a) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

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Soliciting Material under sec.240.14a-12

WESTINGHOUSE AIR BRAKE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION

(NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)

(NAME OF PERSON(S) FILING PROXY STATEMENT, IF OTHER THAN THE REGISTRANT)

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Notice of Annual Meeting—May 17, 2019
and Proxy Statement

WESTINGHOUSE AIR BRAKE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
1001 Air Brake Avenue
Wilmerding, Pennsylvania 15148

Dear Stockholder:

We invite you to attend the annual meeting of stockholders of Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corporation, doing business as Wabtec Corporation, on May 17, 2019 at 11:30 a.m. in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

This booklet includes the formal notice of the meeting and the proxy statement. Pursuant to the rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, we have elected to provide access to our proxy materials over the Internet. Accordingly, we are sending a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the “Notice”) to our stockholders. All stockholders will have the ability to access the proxy materials on a website referenced in the Notice or request a printed or e-mailed set of the proxy materials. Instructions regarding how to access the proxy materials over the Internet or to request a printed or e-mailed copy may be found in the Notice. In addition, stockholders may request proxy materials in printed or e-mailed form by mail, telephone or electronically by email on an ongoing basis.

The Notice was mailed to stockholders, and the proxy materials were first given to stockholders via Internet access, on or about April 5, 2019. On or before the time that the Notice was sent to stockholders, all materials identified in the Notice were publicly accessible, free of charge, at the website address specified in the Notice. Such materials will remain available on that website until the proxy materials for the 2020 annual meeting of stockholders are made available.

The proxy statement tells you more about the items upon which we will vote at the meeting. It also explains how the voting process works and gives information about our director candidates.

Whether or not you plan to attend the annual meeting, please cast your vote by proxy over the Internet by following the instructions provided in the Notice, by telephone or by requesting a paper proxy card to sign, date and return by mail. Regardless of the method used, please vote your shares so that enough shares are represented to allow us to conduct the business of the annual meeting. Voting over the Internet, by telephone or by proxy card if you request one does not affect your right to vote in person if you attend the annual meeting.

Sincerely yours,


Albert J. Neupaver
Executive Chairman

April 5, 2019

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WESTINGHOUSE AIR BRAKE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
1001 Air Brake Avenue
Wilmerding, Pennsylvania 15148

NOTICE OF 2019 ANNUAL MEETING

Date, Time and Place

May 17, 2019
11:30 a.m.
The Duquesne Club, 325 Sixth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222

Purpose

Elect two directors for a term of three years
Approve an advisory (non-binding) resolution relating to the approval of 2018 named executive officer compensation
Ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the 2019 fiscal year
Conduct other business if properly raised

Procedures

If you own stock directly, please vote by proxy over the Internet, by telephone or by requesting a proxy card.
If you own stock through a bank, stockbroker or trustee, please vote by following the instructions included in the material that you receive from your bank, stockbroker or trustee.
Only stockholders of record on March 22, 2019 receive notice of, and may vote at, the meeting.

Your vote is important. Please vote over the Internet, by telephone or by requesting a proxy card.


David L. DeNinno
Executive Vice President,
General Counsel and
Secretary

April 5, 2019

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Contents

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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General

We have provided you this booklet and proxy materials on or about April 5, 2019 because the Board of Directors of Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corporation, doing business as Wabtec Corporation (“Wabtec” or the “Company”), is soliciting your proxy to vote at the Company’s 2019 annual meeting of stockholders.

Who May Vote

Stockholders of Wabtec as reflected in our stock records at the close of business on March 22, 2019 may vote. You have one vote for each share of Wabtec common stock you own.

How to Vote

You may vote in person at the meeting or by proxy. We recommend you vote by proxy even if you plan to attend the meeting. You can always change your vote at the meeting. Your vote is important.

If you are a stockholder whose shares are registered in your name, you may vote your shares in person at the meeting or by one of the three following methods:

Vote by Internet, by going to the website address www.proxyvote.com and following the instructions for Internet voting shown on the website.
Vote by Telephone, by dialing 1-800-690-6903 and following the instructions for telephone voting shown on the proxy card.
Vote by Proxy Card, by completing, signing, dating and mailing a proxy card in the envelope provided if you requested copies of these proxy materials.

If you vote by Internet or telephone, you do not need to request a proxy card.

Shares registered in your name are generally covered by one Notice. If you hold shares through someone else, such as a bank, stockbroker, or trustee, you will get a Notice from them asking you to vote. Please follow the instructions on their Notice. Please vote with respect to each Notice you receive.

How a Proxy Works

Giving us a proxy means you authorize us to vote your shares in accordance with your directions. If you return your signed proxy card but do not make any selections as to how you wish to vote on a particular matter, your shares will be voted in favor of our director candidates, in favor of the approval of the advisory (non-binding) resolution relating to the approval of the 2018 named executive officer compensation, and in favor of ratifying the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP, as the case may be.

Changing Your Vote

You may revoke your proxy before it is voted by submitting a new proxy with a later date, including a proxy given over the Internet or by telephone, by voting in person at the meeting or by a notification in writing to the Secretary of Wabtec at 1001 Air Brake Avenue, Wilmerding, PA 15148.

Common Stock Outstanding

As of the close of business on March 22, 2019, approximately 162,466,364 shares of Wabtec common stock were issued and outstanding.

Quorum and Voting Information

To conduct the business of the meeting, we must have a quorum. This means at least a majority of the outstanding shares entitled to vote must be present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting. You are considered a part of the quorum if you vote over the Internet, by telephone or by submitting a properly signed proxy card if you requested copies of the proxy materials.

Abstentions and broker non-votes (i.e., proxies submitted by brokers that do not indicate a vote for a proposal because they do not have discretionary voting authority and have not received instructions as to how to vote on the proposal) are counted as present in determining whether the quorum requirement for the annual meeting is satisfied.

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For Proposal 1, the two nominees for director with the most votes are elected, subject to the following guidelines adopted by the Board. Wabtec’s Corporate Governance Guidelines require that any nominee for director in an uncontested election who receives a greater number of votes “withheld” from his or her election than votes “for” such election must promptly tender an offer of resignation for consideration by the Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will evaluate the director’s offer of resignation and recommend to the Board whether to accept or reject the offer of resignation. The Board will act to accept or reject the offer within 90 days following certification of the stockholder vote at the stockholder meeting at which the election of directors was held. The Company will publicly disclose the Board’s decision and the reasons behind the decision. A director who offers his or her resignation pursuant to these guidelines will not participate in a committee or Board decision regarding it.

The approval of each of Proposals 2 and 3 requires a favorable vote of a majority of the shares present and entitled to vote on the applicable matter. An abstention will have the same effect as a vote against each applicable proposal. Broker non-votes with respect to Proposals 2 and 3 will have no effect on the outcome of the vote with respect to that proposal.

Approval of any other matter that properly comes before the annual meeting requires the favorable vote of a majority of shares present and entitled to vote on the matter, unless the matter requires more than a majority vote under statute or our amended and restated by-laws. An abstention will have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes with respect to any such proposal will have no effect on the outcome of the vote with respect to that proposal.

If your shares are held by a broker, the broker will ask you how you want your shares to be voted. If you give the broker instructions, your shares will be voted as you direct. If you do not give instructions, one of two things can happen, depending on the type of proposal. For the ratification of the independent auditor (Proposal 3), the broker may vote your shares in its discretion. For all other proposals, the broker may not vote your shares at all if you do not give instructions.

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Common Stock Ownership

Director and Executive Officer Stock Ownership

Under the proxy rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), a person beneficially owns Wabtec common stock if the person has the power to vote or dispose of the shares, or if such power may be acquired, by exercising options or otherwise, within 60 days. The table below shows the number of shares of Wabtec common stock beneficially owned as of January 31, 2019 by our directors, nominees for director, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and the other named executive officers, and the directors and executive officers as a group. Each person has sole voting power and sole dispositive power with respect to the shares listed unless indicated otherwise.

Named Executive Officer
Shares Owned
Percent of Class
Raymond T. Betler
 
    230,078
(1)(2)(3)
 
    
*
Patrick D. Dugan
 
73,365
(1)(2)
 
 
*
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson
 
46,367
(1)(2)
 
 
*
David L. DeNinno
 
63,738
(1)(2)
 
 
*
Albert J. Neupaver
 
739,300
(1)(2)
 
 
*
Director/Nominee
Shares Owned
Percent of Class
Philippe Alfroid
 
3,380
(1)
 
 
*
Robert J. Brooks
 
448,645
(1)(4)(5)
 
 
*
Erwan Faiveley
 
6,309,480
(1)(6)
 
3.88
%
Emilio A. Fernandez
 
1,351,096
(1)(5)(7)
 
 
*
Lee B. Foster, II
 
70,106
(1)(8)
 
 
*
Linda A. Harty
 
6,254
(1)
 
 
*
Brian P. Hehir
 
26,575
(1)(9)
 
 
*
Michael W.D. Howell
 
5,650
(1)
 
 
*
William E. Kassling
 
1,095,378
(1)(5)(10)
 
 
*
Directors and Executive Officers as a Group (18 persons)
 
10,658,689
(1)(2)
 
6.56
%
*Less than 1%. Note that all Percent of Class calculations are based on the issued and outstanding shares of Wabtec common stock as of the March 22, 2019 record date.
(1)Includes restricted shares as follows: Mr. Betler 42,550; Mr. Dugan 29,800; Mr. Rambaud-Measson 35,183; Mr. DeNinno 29,800; Mr. Neupaver 39,075; each other non-employee director 1,620; and all directors and executive officers as a group 212,259. The restricted stockholders have sole voting power with respect to the restricted shares but do not have sole or shared dispositive power until the restricted shares vest.
(2)Includes options that are exercisable on or within 60 days of January 31, 2019 as follows: Mr. Betler 10,275; Mr. Dugan 4,550; Mr. Rambaud-Measson 0; Mr. DeNinno 3,850; Mr. Neupaver 140,825; and all directors and executive officers as a group 192,880.
(3)Includes 166,309 shares owned by Mr. Betler. Also includes 53,494 shares owned by a grantor annuity trust established by Mr. Betler.
(4)Includes 62,872 shares owned by Mr. Brooks. Also includes 385,773 shares owned by Suebro, Inc., a Delaware holding company.
(5)Includes certain shares pledged to financial institutions as collateral for credit arrangements at December 31, 2018 as follows. Mr. Kassling had a zero margin balance at that date with 475,000 Wabtec shares pledged in connection with this account. Mr. Brooks has pledged 385,773 shares of Wabtec stock along with non-Wabtec shares and other assets in connection with a loan balance of $15.1 million at December 31, 2018. Mr. Fernandez had a margin balance of $3.3 million at December 31 with 324,479 Wabtec shares pledged. On February 29, 2016, the Company’s Board adopted a policy prohibiting future pledges of Company stock as collateral for credit arrangements and requiring any such existing pledges to be eliminated by December 30, 2016 unless it is reasonably impracticable to do so and an extension is granted by the Board. In February 2019 the Board approved extensions for Messrs. Kassling,

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Brooks and Fernandez. The Board took into account the zero loan balance for Mr. Kassling, the fact that Mr. Brooks will be retiring from the Board in May 2019, and the relatively small loan balance for Mr. Fernandez. The Board’s view is that the overall number of pledged shares subject to outstanding loan balances continues to reduce and the size of the pledged position does not raise significant concerns at this time. The Board will continue to review and evaluate these outstanding pledges no less frequently than annually.

(6)Includes 6,305,582 shares held by the Faiveley Family Interests. Based solely upon the information in the Schedule 13D/A filed May 24, 2018, the Faiveley family members and entities described therein (collectively, the “Faiveley Family Interests”) have voting and dispositive power with respect to Wabtec’s common stock as follows: (i) Mr. Erwan Faiveley may be deemed to have sole power to direct the voting and disposition of 3,898 shares, and the shared power to direct the voting and disposition of 6,305,582 shares; (ii) Mr. Francois Faiveley may be deemed to have sole power to direct the voting and disposition of 190 shares, and the shared power to direct the voting and disposition of 6,305,582 shares; (iii) Financiére Faiveley S.A. may be deemed to have the shared power to direct the voting and disposition of 6,305,582 shares; (iv) Famille Faiveley Participations S.A.S. may be deemed to have the shared power to direct the voting and disposition of 6,305,582 shares; and (v) Faivinvest S.C.A. may be deemed to have shared power to direct the voting and disposition of 6,305,582 shares.
(7)Includes 836,746 shares owned by Mr. Fernandez. Also includes 514,350 shares owned by Mr. Fernandez’s wife. Mr. Fernandez disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by his wife.
(8)Includes 15,200 shares owned by Mr. Foster and 17,500 shares held by Lee B. Foster II Dynasty Trust, and 37,406 held by the Lee B. Foster II Revocable Trust.
(9)Includes 23,575 shares owned by Mr. Hehir. Also includes 3,000 shares held by the Brian P. Hehir and Janet S. Hehir Foundation for which Mr. Hehir serves as a trustee.
(10)Includes 73,444 shares owned by Mr. Kassling. Also includes 1,018,654 shares owned by Davideco, a Delaware corporation, and 3,280 shares owned by Mr. Kassling’s wife. Mr. Kassling disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by his wife.

Owners of More Than 5%

The following table shows shareholders who are known to Wabtec to be a beneficial owner of more than 5% of Wabtec’s common stock as of March 22, 2019.

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner
Beneficial
Ownership (1)
Percentage
of Class*
General Electric Company
41 Farnsworth Street
Boston, MA 02210
 
47,833,671
(2)
 
25.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Vanguard Group
100 Vanguard Blvd.
Malvern, PA 19355
 
13,977,818
(3)
 
8.60
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital International Investors, a division of Capital Research and Management Company
11100 Santa Monica Boulevard, 16th Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90025
 
10,478,330
(4)
 
6.45
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BlackRock, Inc.
55 East 52nd Street
New York, NY 10055
 
8,245,039
(5)
 
5.07
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*As of the close of business on March 22, 2019, approximately 162,466,364 shares of Wabtec common stock were issued and outstanding. Issued and outstanding shares as of March 22, 2019, excludes 28,815,464 shares of Wabtec common stock issuable upon the transfer by General Electric Company (“GE”) to a third party of 10,000 shares of Wabtec convertible preferred stock held by GE. Except as

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otherwise noted in the footnotes below, all percentages are calculated on the basis of 162,466,364 issued and outstanding shares of Wabtec common stock. Accordingly, the percentages of class reflected in the Schedules 13D or 13G filed by (a) the Faiveley Family Interests, (b) T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc., (c) Farallon Capital Partners, L.P. and its affiliates, and (d) Baillie Gifford & Co. were recalculated and each such entity was determined to no longer be a beneficial owner of more than 5% of Wabtec’s common stock as of March 22, 2019.

(1)Under SEC regulations, a person who has or shares voting or investment power with respect to a security is considered a beneficial owner of the security. Voting power is the power to vote or direct the voting of shares, and investment power is the power to dispose of or direct the disposition of shares. Unless otherwise indicated in the other footnotes below, each person has sole voting power and sole investment power as to all shares listed opposite such person’s name.
(2)Based solely upon the information in the Schedule 13D filed March 7, 2019, GE has sole dispositive power and sole voting power with respect to 47,833,671 shares. As reported in the Schedule 13D, GE determined its beneficial ownership of 47,833,671 shares of Wabtec common stock on an as-converted basis, constituting 19,018,207 shares of Wabtec common stock and 28,815,464 shares of Wabtec common stock underlying the 10,000 shares of Wabtec convertible preferred stock held by GE. Such shares represent approximately 25.0% of the shares of outstanding Wabtec common stock, as calculated by GE based on a total of 191,210,956 shares of Wabtec common stock (which is comprised of 162,395,492 outstanding shares of Wabtec common stock immediately following the acquisition of GE Transportation by Wabtec, plus the 28,815,464 shares of Wabtec common stock underlying the Wabtec convertible preferred stock).
(3)Based solely upon the information in the Schedule 13G/A filed March 11, 2019, The Vanguard Group has sole dispositive power with respect to 13,791,383 shares, sole voting power with respect to 156,497 shares, shared dispositive power with respect to 186,435 shares and shared voting power with respect to 30,651 shares.
(4)Based solely upon the information in the Schedule 13G/A filed February 8, 2019, Capital International Investors, a division of Capital Research and Management Company, has sole dispositive power with respect to 10,478,330 shares and sole voting power with respect to 10,104,651 shares.
(5)Based solely upon the information in the Schedule 13G/A filed February 6, 2019, BlackRock, Inc. has sole dispositive power with respect to 8,245,039 shares and sole voting power with respect to 7,653,403 shares.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership
Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires our directors and executive officers to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership of Wabtec stock. Directors and officers must furnish us with copies of these reports. Based on these copies and directors’ and executive officers’ representations, we believe all directors and executive officers complied with the requirements of Section 16(a) in 2018 except that, due to administrative error, in March 2018 each executive officer and in May 2018 each of the three non-US directors were late in the reporting of the withholding of shares to cover tax obligations related to the vesting of restricted shares.

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Proposal 1—Election of Directors

Wabtec’s Board of Directors currently has eleven members. The Board has determined that the number of Directors on the Board shall be no more than thirteen, and no less than seven. The Board is divided into three classes whose terms of office end in successive years. William E. Kassling and Albert J. Neupaver, whose terms of office are expiring have been nominated to serve for new terms ending in 2022. Mr. Brooks has reached the mandatory retirement age to serve on the Board and was not nominated to continue to serve an additional term. Mr. Brooks intends to resign his position on the Board at the Annual Meeting of shareholders. Although Messrs. Kassling and Fernandez will each reach the mandatory retirement age in 2019, both will remain on the Board, in accordance with the provisions of the Company’s amended by-laws. All nominations were made by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, as further described under “The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee” on page 11, and approved by the entire Board of Directors.

Our Corporate Governance Guidelines require our directors to possess qualities and skills necessary to oversee the management of Wabtec. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Charter establishes a commitment to find nominees for membership on the Board of Directors that are of the highest possible caliber and are able to provide insightful, intelligent and effective guidance to the management of Wabtec. As part of this process, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Charter requires the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to ensure that the Board of Directors consists of individuals from diverse educational and professional experiences and backgrounds who, collectively, provide meaningful counsel to management. Under the Corporate Governance Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to establish, and from time to time review with the Board, the requisite skills and characteristics for new Board members. In assessing potential nominees, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will take into account the following criteria:

background,
skill needs,
personal characteristics,
diversity, inclusive of gender, race and ethnicity, and
business experience.

With respect to nomination of continuing directors for re-election, the committee also reviews and considers each nominee’s contributions to the Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s process to recommend qualified director candidates is further described on page 11 under “The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.” As described above, and although the Board does not have a separate diversity policy, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers diversity as one of a number of factors in identifying nominees for director pursuant to its charter. The Board and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee believe it is essential that the Board members represent diverse backgrounds. In considering nominees for director, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee conducts inquiries into the background and qualifications of possible candidates and actively recruits qualified individuals. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee assesses the effectiveness of its approach as part of the annual review of its charter and the Corporate Governance Guidelines and as part of its annual review of the effectiveness of the Board and each committee of the Board.

Wabtec’s Corporate Governance Guidelines require that any nominee for director in an uncontested election who receives a greater number of votes “withheld” from his or her election than votes “for” such election must promptly tender an offer of resignation for consideration by the Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will evaluate the director’s offer of resignation and recommend to the Board whether to accept or reject the offer of resignation. The Board will act to accept or reject the offer within 90 days following certification of the stockholder vote at the stockholder meeting at which the election of directors was held. The Company will publicly disclose the Board’s decision and the reasons behind the decision. A director who offers his or her resignation pursuant to these guidelines will not participate in a committee or Board decision regarding it.

The description of each director and each nominee set forth below includes biographical information, on a director by director basis, and highlights the specific experience, qualifications, attributes, background and education of each director and each nominee that led the Board to conclude that each director or nominee should serve on the Board. In addition to the qualifications described in the biographical information set forth below, the Nominating and

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Corporate Governance Committee and the Board also determined that each director and each nominee possesses certain intangible attributes and skills, which led to the conclusion that each director and each nominee meets the criteria set forth in the Corporate Governance Guidelines and is qualified to serve as one of our directors. These intangible attributes and skills include, as to each nominee, integrity, the capacity to evaluate business issues and make practical and mature judgments, willingness to devote the necessary time and effort required to serve on our Board, the skills and personality to work effectively and collegially with other directors on a Board that is responsive to Wabtec’s needs, and the self-confidence and communication skills to participate effectively in Board discussions.

Vote Required

Your proxy will be voted “for” the election of these nominees unless you withhold authority to vote for any one or more of them. If any nominee is unable or unwilling to stand for election, your proxy authorizes us to vote for a replacement nominee if the Board names one.

Only votes “for” a candidate are counted in the election of directors. The two nominees who receive the most votes will be elected as directors.

The Board recommends you vote FOR each of the following director nominees.

Director Nominees to Serve for Three-Year Term Expiring in 2022

William E. Kassling
Age 75
Director since 1990
Lead Director of Wabtec since May 2013; Chairman of Wabtec from prior to 1997 to May 2013; Chief Executive Officer of Wabtec from May 2004 to January 2006 and from prior to 1997 to February 2001; President of Wabtec from May 2004 to January 2006 and from prior to 1997 to February 1998.
   
 
 
Director of Pittsburgh Penguins Inc., Texas Rangers, Gardner Denver, Inc., the Crosby Group, and Wabtec Foundation.
   
 
 
Due to Mr. Kassling’s experience as an officer and director of Wabtec, he has extensive knowledge of the Company and the industry, and has also served as a board member for other publicly traded companies, through which he has gained additional experience in corporate governance. With his vast experience, he provides the Board with broad leadership insight on the management and operations of a public company.
Albert J. Neupaver
Age 68
Director since 2006
Executive Chairman of Wabtec since May 2018; Chairman of Wabtec from May 2017 to 2018; Executive Chairman of Wabtec from May 2014 to May 2017; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Wabtec from May 2013 until May 2014; President and Chief Executive Officer of Wabtec from February 2006 until May 2013; President of the Electromechanical Group of AMETEK, Inc. from 1998 to February 2006.
   
 
 
Director of Wabtec Foundation, Carnegie Science Center, Genesee & Wyoming Inc. and Koppers Inc.; Member of Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Museums. Member of Robbins & Myers, Inc. Board of Directors from January 2009 to February 2013. Executive Board Member of UPMC Children’s Hospital Foundation; Board Member of Heinz History Center.
   
 
 
Mr. Neupaver currently is the Executive Chairman of the Board of Wabtec, a position he has held since May 2018. Previously, he was Chairman of the Board of Wabtec, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. During that tenure, Mr. Neupaver led the Company on an unprecedented growth initiative throughout the business cycle. His leadership and business acumen have been critical elements in Wabtec’s recent success. He also serves on the boards of non-profit organizations and other public companies, through which he has gained further insight into corporate governance issues.

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Continuing Directors with Three-Year Term Expiring in 2021

Erwan Faiveley
Age 39
Director since 2016
Mr. Faiveley was a member of the Board of Faiveley Transport, S.A., a leading provider of value-added, integrated systems and services that now is a wholly owned subsidiary of Wabtec, from January 2005 until December 2016. Mr. Faiveley also has served as President and Chairman of the Board of Financiére Faiveley S.A. and Famille Faiveley Participations S.A.S. since January 2005, is a Manager (Gérant) of Faivinvest S.C.A, and CEO of Domaine Faiveley.
   
 
 
Mr. Faiveley has over 12 years of experience in executive and board positions in the financial and transportation industry. His knowledge of the transportation industry and his experience as a director of Faiveley Transport, S.A. make him well suited to provide guidance to the Board while Faiveley has been integrated with Wabtec.
Linda A. Harty
Age 58
Director since 2016
Ms. Harty served as Treasurer of Medtronic, plc., a global leader in medical technology services and solutions, from February 2010 to April 2017. Prior to her tenure with Medtronic, she held executive and management positions with Cardinal Health, RTM Restaurant Group, BellSouth, ConAgra and Kimberly-Clark.
   
 
 
Ms. Harty is a member of the Board of Directors of Parker-Hannifin Corporation and serves on the Audit Committee as Chair and as a member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee. Ms. Harty is also a member of the Board of Directors of Syneos Health and serves as a member of the Audit Committee and Compensation Committee.
   
 
 
Ms. Harty’s extensive financial expertise, particularly in the areas of treasury, tax, decision support and acquisitions, serve as a valuable resource to Wabtec’s Board and our management team. Ms. Harty’s insights and perspectives are especially helpful as the Company continues to strengthen and grow while navigating a challenging global market. In addition, her service to the boards of other publicly traded companies provides further expertise and insight into corporate governance issues.
Brian P. Hehir
Age 65
Director since 2007
Retired in June 2008 from Merrill Lynch after 25 years of service; Vice Chairman of Investment Banking for Merrill Lynch from 1999 to 2008.
   
Member of the St. Francis Hospital Board of Trustees from 2011 to 2016. Member of Georgetown University School of Nursing and Health Studies Board of Visitors from October 2003 to February 2011; Member of University of Connecticut Health Center Board of Directors from November 2005 to July 2009; Member from 2004 to 2010 and Treasurer from 2006 to 2010 of U.S. Lacrosse Foundation Board of Directors.
   
 
 
Mr. Hehir has had an extensive career in global financial markets with over 30 years of experience working in investment banking, financing, corporate advisory services and capital markets. In this capacity, he advised clients on mergers and acquisitions and other corporate transactions, which are an integral part of Wabtec’s growth strategy. His experience from the highly regulated investment banking industry also provides the Board with a critical perspective on risk management.
Michael W.D. Howell
Age 71
Director since 2003
Chief Executive Officer of Transport Initiatives Edinburgh Limited from May 2002 to July 2006; Chairman of FPT Group Limited for six years starting in April 1998; Chairman of EVO Electric Limited, London, from September 2007 to February 2012.
   
 
 
Member of Council (Board) of the University of Leeds, UK from September 2016; Director of Hutchison China Meditech Limited, Hong Kong from May 2006 to March 2017; Member of Court (Director) of Clothworkers’ Company, London since 1999; Master (Chairman) of Clothworkers’ Company, London 2014 and 2015; Chairman of Trustees of City & Guilds of London Institute from September 2006 to October 2012.
   
 
 
Mr. Howell has 35 years of experience from executive and board positions with various companies in the railroad business, such as Cummins Engine Company, Inc., GE Canada, Inc., General Electric Company, Inc., Railtrack Group PLC and Transport Initiatives Edinburgh Limited. His understanding of many aspects of the United States and international railroad industries, as well as his CEO and Chairman experience, provides the Board with a broad and relevant background regarding the management and operations of a growing public company in the railroad industry.

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Continuing Directors with Three-Year Term Expiring in 2020

Philippe Alfroid
Age 73
Director since 2016
Mr. Alfroid has served as a director of Essilor International since 1996, serving on the Audit Committee and Nomination Committee; as a director of Gemalto since 2010, serving on the Remuneration Committee as Chairman, as well as the Mergers and Acquisition Committee; as a director of Faiveley Transport, S.A. (from 2009-2016), serving as Chairman of the Supervisory Board; and as a director of Eurogerm since 2011.
   
 
 
Mr. Alfroid previously served as Chief Operating Officer of Essilor International, the world leader in ophthalmic optics (1996-2009) and previously held several operational and senior management positions in Essilor International including Chief Financial Officer (1991-1996); and as Chairman of Sperian Protection (2003-2005), a leader in personal protective equipment.
   
 
 
Mr. Alfroid has over three decades of experience in executive and board positions in a variety of industries, including the transportation industry and large international companies. His knowledge of the transportation industry, understanding of the Company and his experience as a director of Faiveley Transport, S.A., make him well suited to provide guidance to the Board while Faiveley has been integrated with Wabtec.
Raymond T. Betler
Age 63
Director since 2014
President and Chief Executive Officer of Wabtec since May 2014; President and Chief Operating Officer of Wabtec from May 2013 until May 2014; Chief Operating Officer of Wabtec from December 2010 until May 2013; Vice President and Group Executive of the Transit Group of Wabtec from August 2008 until December 2010; President, Total Transit Systems for Bombardier Transportation from 2004 to 2008; various executive roles from 1979 to 2004 within Bombardier Transportations and its predecessors (Westinghouse, AEG Transportation and ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation (Adtranz)).
   
 
 
Director of Dollar Bank, CNX Midstream Partners (and member of the Audit Committee), National Safety Council, Carnegie Science Center and Wabtec Foundation. Trustee of Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh.
   
 
 
Mr. Betler currently is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Wabtec, a position he has held since May 2014. As a member of the Company’s Executive Office since 2008 and as Chief Operating Officer from 2010 to 2014, he has helped to lead the Company on an unprecedented record of growth. His leadership, business acumen and more than three decades of experience in the transportation industry have played an important role in Wabtec’s recent success. Through his service on corporate and non-profit boards, he has developed insight into corporate governance and public company issues.
Emilio A. Fernandez
Age 74
Director since 1995
Vice Chairman of Wabtec since March 1998; Executive Vice President of Wabtec from prior to 1997 to February 1998.
   
Mr. Fernandez has over 30 years of experience in executive positions in the railroad industry. His knowledge of the rail market, understanding of the Company’s products and his overall business acumen provide the Board with an executive and leadership perspective on our Company and the railroad industry in general.
Lee B. Foster, II
Age 72
Director since 1999
Chairman of L.B. Foster Company since 1998; Chief Executive Officer of L.B. Foster Company from prior to 1997 to 2002; President of L.B. Foster Company from prior to 1997 to 2000.
   
 
 
Director of L.B. Foster Company, Capital Guidance Ltd., Dakota, Minnesota & Eastern Railroad (“DM&E”) from 2001 to October 2007 and Wabtec Foundation.
   
 
 
Mr. Foster has had an extensive career within the railroad industry, including 35 years with the L.B. Foster Co., a supplier to the railroad and transit industries, where he has served in a multitude of roles including President, CEO and Chairman, as well as Director. Mr. Foster brings to the Board not only a solid background within the industry, but also his experience on various boards and committees, including the executive committee of DM&E and the audit and compensation committees of the private company Capital Guidance Ltd.

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Corporate Governance Matters

The Board and Committees

The Board met twelve times during 2018, which included six telephonic meetings. All directors attended more than 75% of all meetings of the Board and the committees on which they served in 2018. The standing Board committees that help the Board fulfill its duties include the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, the Audit Committee and the Compensation Committee. The Board also holds regularly scheduled meetings of non-employee directors.

In addition to the independence requirements set forth in the listing standards of the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”), the Board has adopted categorical standards to assist it in determining whether its members meet the independence requirements of the NYSE. These standards provide that the following relationships are deemed to be immaterial and would not in and of themselves impair a director’s independence:

a director or an immediate family member is an executive officer or employee of a company that makes payments to, or receives payments from, Wabtec or any of its subsidiaries for property or services in an amount which, in any single fiscal year, does not exceed the greater of $1 million or 2% of such other company’s consolidated gross revenue;
a director serves as an executive officer of a charitable organization and Wabtec’s charitable contributions to such charitable organization in any fiscal year do not exceed the greater of $1 million or 2% of the charitable organization’s consolidated gross revenues; and
a director beneficially owns less than 10% of Wabtec’s issued and outstanding common stock.

The Board has reviewed the independence of its members considering these standards and any other commercial, legal, accounting and familial relationships between the directors and Wabtec and has determined that all of its members were independent during 2018, with the exception of Mr. Neupaver, Mr. Betler and Mr. Rambaud-Measson (who resigned his position in February of 2019). Specifically, none of such independent directors has a material relationship with Wabtec, and each such director meets the Board’s categorical independence standards and the independence requirements of the NYSE listing standards. It is the Company’s policy that all directors attend the annual meeting of stockholders if reasonably possible. All directors attended the 2018 annual meeting of stockholders.

Board Leadership Structure

We have separated the roles of Chief Executive Officer and Executive Chairman of the Board as part of our ongoing succession process. The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for setting the strategic direction for Wabtec and the day to day leadership and performance of the Company. The Executive Chairman provides guidance to the Chief Executive Officer, supports management with its strategic growth initiatives, acquisitions and investor relations, sets the agenda for Board meetings and presides over meetings of the full Board. The Board believes that this structure is in the best interests of Wabtec and provides clear leadership responsibility and accountability, while providing for effective corporate governance and oversight by an independent Board of strong and seasoned Directors with an independent Lead Director. Our Board of Directors appointed Mr. Kassling as “Lead Director” to preside at all 2018 executive sessions of “non-management” directors, as defined under the rules of the NYSE. Our Board has also appointed him as “Lead Director” to preside at all such 2019 executive sessions. The Board generally holds such executive sessions at every regularly scheduled Board meeting. At least one executive session each year is required to be attended only by independent directors. The Board evaluates this leadership structure annually.

The Board’s Role in Risk Oversight

The Board of Directors is responsible for overseeing and monitoring the material risks facing the Company.

In its oversight role, the Board of Directors annually reviews Wabtec’s strategic plan, which addresses, among other things, the risks and opportunities facing the Company. The Board also has overall responsibility for executive officer succession planning and reviews succession plans each year. The Board has delegated certain risk management oversight responsibility to the Board committees. As part of its responsibilities set forth in its charter, the Audit Committee is responsible for discussing with management Wabtec’s major risk exposures and the steps management has taken to monitor and control those exposures, including the Company’s risk assessment and risk management

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policies. In this regard, Wabtec’s management prepares a comprehensive risk assessment report and reviews that report with the Audit Committee each Board meeting. This report identifies the material business risks (including strategic, operational, cybersecurity, financial reporting and compliance risks) for the Company as a whole, as well as for each business unit and for corporate common services, and identifies the controls that respond to and mitigate those risks. Wabtec’s management regularly evaluates these controls, and periodically reports to the Audit Committee regarding the controls’ design and effectiveness. The Audit Committee also receives annual reports from management on Wabtec’s ethics program and on environmental compliance. The Compensation Committee extensively reviewed the elements of compensation to determine whether any portion of compensation encouraged excessive risk taking and concluded:

significant weighting towards long-term incentive compensation discourages short-term risk taking;
rolling three-year performance targets discourage short-term risk taking;
incentive awards are capped by the Compensation Committee which discourages excessive risk taking;
equity ownership guidelines discourage excessive risk taking; and
Wabtec does not face the same level of risks associated with compensation for employees at financial services (traders and instruments with a high degree of risk) or technology companies (rapidly changing markets).

Furthermore, as described in our Compensation Discussion and Analysis, compensation decisions include subjective considerations, which restrain the influence of objective factors on excessive risk taking.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee annually reviews Wabtec’s Corporate Governance Guidelines and their implementation. Each committee reports to the full Board.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee approved continued use of its written charter at its February 4, 2019 meeting. A current copy of the charter is available on Wabtec’s website at http://www.wabtec.com.

The principal functions of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are to:

identify the skills and characteristics to be found in candidates to be considered to serve on Wabtec’s Board of Directors and to use such to select nominees;
recommend nominees for each Board committee;
oversee the corporate governance of Wabtec; and
recommend changes to Wabtec’s corporate governance guidelines.

The Committee met three times during 2018. The members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in 2018 were Mr. Brooks, Mr. Faiveley, Mr. Fernandez, Mr. Hehir, and Mr. Howell, who were each independent, as independence for such members is defined in the listing standards of the NYSE and the rules of the SEC. Mr. Fernandez is the Chairman of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.

The Committee will consider director nominees recommended by stockholders. Stockholders wishing to recommend a director candidate for consideration by the Committee can do so by writing the Secretary of Wabtec at 1001 Air Brake Avenue, Wilmerding, PA 15148 and giving the candidate’s name, biographical data and qualifications. Any such recommendation should be accompanied by a written statement from the individual of his or her consent to be named as a candidate and, if nominated and elected, to serve as a director. No candidates for Board membership have been put forward by stockholders for election at the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders. Our amended by-laws require that for a stockholder to recommend a director nominee, notice in writing must be given to the Secretary of Wabtec no later than the 60th day and no earlier than the 120th day prior to the first anniversary of the previous year’s annual meeting proxy statement.

In evaluating candidates for the Board, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers the entirety of each candidate’s credentials. The Committee is guided by the goal set forth in its charter of ensuring that the Board consists of individuals from diverse backgrounds (including diversity of gender, race and ethnicity) who collectively provide meaningful counsel to management. The Committee also considers the candidate’s character, integrity, experience, understanding of strategy and policy-setting and reputation for working well with others. In connection with this evaluation, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee determines whether to interview the

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prospective nominee and, if warranted, one or more members of the committee, and others as appropriate, interview prospective nominees. After completing this evaluation and interview, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee makes a recommendation to the full Board as to the persons who should be nominated by the Board, and the Board determines the nominees after considering the recommendation and report of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. If candidates are recommended by the Company’s stockholders, such candidates will be evaluated using the same criteria. With respect to nomination of continuing directors for re-election, the individual’s contributions to the Board are also considered.

The Audit Committee

The Audit Committee acts under a written charter. The Audit Committee reviewed and approved the continued use of its written charter at its February 4, 2019 meeting. A current copy of the charter is available on Wabtec’s website at http://www.wabtec.com.

The Audit Committee provides assistance to the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibility to stockholders, the investment community and others relating to the integrity of Wabtec’s financial statements, its financial reporting process, its systems of internal accounting and financial controls, the performance of Wabtec’s internal audit function and independent registered public accountants, the independent registered public accountant’s qualifications and independence, and Wabtec’s compliance with ethics policies and legal and regulatory requirements. The Committee is directly responsible for appointing, compensating, retaining and overseeing the work of the independent registered public accounting firm engaged by Wabtec. The Audit Committee has established procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by Wabtec regarding accounting, internal controls or auditing matters and the confidential anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.

The Audit Committee met six times in 2018, including one telephonic meeting. The members of the Audit Committee in 2018 were Mr. Alfroid, Mr. Brooks, Mr. Foster, Mr. Hehir, Mr. Fernandez and Ms. Harty. Ms. Harty is the Chairperson of the Audit Committee. Each of the foregoing members of the Audit Committee during 2018, and currently, is independent, as independence is defined in the rules of the SEC and in the listing standards of the NYSE. The Board has determined that Ms. Harty, the Audit Committee’s Chairperson, qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined in the regulations of the SEC.

Audit Committee Report

The Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing Wabtec’s financial reporting process on behalf of the Board of Directors. Management of the Company has the primary responsibility for the financial statements and the reporting process, including the system of internal controls. In the performance of our oversight function, we meet with management periodically to consider the adequacy of the Company’s internal controls and the objectivity of its financial reporting. We meet privately with the independent registered public accountants, who have unrestricted access to the Audit Committee. Specifically, we have reviewed and discussed with management and the independent registered public accountants the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

We have also discussed with the independent registered public accountants the matters required to be discussed by Auditing Standard 1301 (previously AS No. 16), Communications with Audit Committees, as adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

Furthermore, we have received and reviewed the written disclosures and the letter from the independent registered public accountants required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent accountant's communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence and have discussed with the independent registered public accountants their independence.

Based on the review and discussions referred to above, we recommended to the Board of Directors that Wabtec’s audited financial statements, as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2018, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Respectfully submitted,

Linda A. Harty, Chairperson
Philippe Alfroid
Robert J. Brooks
Emilio A. Fernandez
Lee B. Foster, II
Brian P. Hehir

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The Compensation Committee

The Compensation Committee provides assistance to the Board relating to the compensation of Wabtec’s officers and directors. The Compensation Committee has authority, pursuant to its charter, to make recommendations to the Board, which then establishes compensation. The Compensation Committee’s principal responsibilities include:

reviewing and approving goals and objectives for the Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and determining the Chief Executive Officer’s compensation;
reviewing and recommending compensation of all directors and officers; and
recommending incentive compensation plans and equity-based plans.

The Compensation Committee members in 2018 were Mr. Foster, Mr. Hehir and Mr. Howell, who were each independent, as independence for such members is defined in the rules of the SEC and the listing standards of the NYSE. In addition, the Compensation Committee members each qualify as “outside directors” within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. Mr. Foster served as the Compensation Committee’s Chairman. The Nominating and Governance Committee recommends the Compensation Committee members who are approved by the full Board of Directors. The Compensation Committee met five times in 2018. The Compensation Committee approved continued use of its written charter (as amended) at its February 4, 2019 meeting. A copy of the written charter is available on Wabtec’s website at http://www.wabtec.com.

The Compensation Committee reviews our executive compensation arrangements and recommends changes or adjustments to the Board, which then establishes these items. Base salaries are established at the beginning of the fiscal year and cash and equity bonuses (“Bonuses”) are awarded after fiscal year results are available. Base salaries depend mainly on the executive officer’s position and responsibility, while Bonuses are based on pre-established performance factors. These factors are established at the beginning of the year and include (i) a financial performance factor measuring either earnings per share or earnings before interest and taxes, and working capital management, and (ii) a personal performance factor which measures whether the individual executive attained certain quantitative and measurable goals established for that executive.

Executive officers also receive long-term incentive compensation. With respect to the long-term incentive portion of executive compensation, the Compensation Committee has discretion to grant equity-based, long-term incentive awards under our 2011 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (the “2011 Stock Incentive Plan”). Such awards take the form of stock options, performance units and restricted share awards. The Compensation Committee bases the amount of the award upon the executive’s job level, as well as other factors. These factors include benchmarking the total compensation an executive may earn to ensure it is competitive, compensating executives in a “pay for performance” manner and aligning the interests of the executives with the interests of the shareholders. The Committee also reviews the ratio of total compensation to total target cash compensation to ensure that the mix of long-term compensation is appropriate for each executive.

The Chief Executive Officer and the Executive Vice President of Human Resources suggest guidelines in discussions with the Compensation Committee regarding executive compensation. They provide recommendations and information regarding the competitiveness of the industry, key employees, performance of individuals, succession planning and other relevant data to the committee. The Chief Executive Officer is not present during any discussions concerning his own compensation. The Compensation Committee also has the authority to retain compensation consultants, advisors and legal counsel as it deems necessary and has the sole authority to approve such consultants’ fees, which are payable by the Company. The Compensation Committee engaged the consulting firm Pay Governance, LLC (“Pay Governance”) during 2018. During its engagement, Pay Governance provided the following services: (i) reviewed and assessed the Company’s current compensation practices for executives and non-employee directors; (ii) reviewed the current peer group and made recommendations to update the peer group; (iii) reviewed and provided a pay for performance assessment of the Chief Executive Officer compensation; and (iv) provided benchmarking of peer group and relevant industry data. In addition, Pay Governance reviewed and assessed the competitiveness of compensation provided to non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors. This review included benchmarking of the Peer Group and relevant industry data.

The Compensation Committee and Board adopted a recoupment policy during 2013. The recoupment policy provides that in the event of a financial restatement or a determination by the Board that misconduct by a responsible party caused financial or reputational harm to the Company, recoupment of cash bonuses and equity awarded as well as gains realized from the exercise of options may be pursued.

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Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

During 2018, Wabtec had no interlocking relationships in which (i) an executive officer of Wabtec served as a member of the compensation committee of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on the Compensation Committee of Wabtec; (ii) an executive officer of Wabtec served as a director of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on the Compensation Committee of Wabtec; or (iii) an executive officer of Wabtec served as a member of the compensation committee of another entity, one of whose executive officers served as a director of Wabtec. No member of the Compensation Committee was at any time during the 2018 fiscal year or at any other time an officer or employee of the Company, and no member had any relationship with us requiring disclosure under Item 404 of SEC Regulation S-K.

Compensation Committee Report

The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis included on pages 15 through 22 of this proxy statement with management.

Based on this review and discussion, the Compensation Committee recommends to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this proxy statement, and incorporated by reference in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC.

Respectfully submitted,

Lee B. Foster, II, Chairman
Brian P. Hehir
Michael W. D. Howell

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Executive and Director Compensation

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

Named Executive Officers

As of December 31, 2018, our named executive officers (“NEOs”) were:

Name
Title
Raymond T. Betler
President and Chief Executive Officer
Patrick D. Dugan
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Albert J. Neupaver
Executive Chairman
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
David L. DeNinno
Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Mr. Rambaud-Measson resigned as an executive officer and director of Wabtec as of February 12, 2019.

Executive Summary

This Compensation Discussion and Analysis should be read in conjunction with the tabular and narrative disclosures beginning on page 15 of this Proxy Statement. See “Executive Compensation Philosophy and Objectives” and the tables that follow for more information regarding our executive compensation programs.

Principal Elements of Executive Compensation

We provide three main elements of compensation: base salary, annual cash incentives, and long-term equity incentives delivered in the form of restricted stock awards and units, stock options and performance units. Performance-based incentives comprise the majority of compensation provided to each of our executives. Our other benefits and perquisites consist of life and health insurance benefits, social and health club dues, and a qualified 401(k) savings plan (including company matching contributions).

Compensation Practices

The Compensation Committee has implemented the following best practices with respect to the executive compensation program:

What we do:

The Compensation Committee reviews the executive compensation arrangements each year and considers the Company’s long-term business strategy, the results of the most recent say-on-pay advisory vote and contemporary market practices as periodically provided by an independent consultant.
The Compensation Committee uses the Company’s stock price and other value-creating financial metrics such as earnings before interest and taxes, earnings per share, working capital, and economic profit in our executive incentive arrangements.
The Compensation Committee annually reviews the risks associated with our compensation programs and mitigates the risks by:
capping incentive payouts earned under our annual cash incentive award plan and our performance unit long-term incentive plan;
maintaining stock ownership guidelines for executive management and non-employee directors;
maintaining a recoupment policy that applies to our cash and equity incentive awards; and
maintaining a policy that prohibits the hedging of Company stock.
The Compensation Committee and the Company require both a qualified change in control and termination (double trigger) in order for any cash severance to be paid under our change in control agreements.

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What we don’t do:

The Company does not gross-up for income or excise taxes on perquisites or severance benefits related to a change in control.
The Company does not provide executives with an enhanced executive retirement program but rather a defined contribution or defined benefit plan similar to that provided to all employees in the country where such employees reside.
The Company does not provide dividends or dividend equivalents on unearned performance shares.
The Company does not re-price or backdate stock options.

2018 Business Highlights

In 2018, Wabtec’s sales increased 12 percent compared to 2017, with growth in both the Freight and Transit segments. Earnings per diluted share in 2018 also increased 12 percent. In 2018, the Company’s Total Shareholder Return was -13 percent, including dividends, compared to the average Total Shareholder Return for our Peer Index Group for 2018 of -16 percent. For the five years ended December 31, 2018, the Company’s Total Shareholder Return was -3 percent, compared to the average Total Shareholder Return for our Peer Index Group for the same period of 19 percent.

Role of 2018 Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation in the Compensation Decision Process

The Compensation Committee reviewed the results of the 2018 stockholder advisory vote on executive officer compensation and incorporated the results as one of the many factors considered in connection with the discharge of its responsibilities. Because a substantial majority (approximately 93.5%) of our stockholders approved the compensation program described in our 2018 proxy statement, the Compensation Committee interpreted this strong level of support as affirmation of the design and objectives of our 2017 executive compensation programs. Accordingly, no changes were made to our executive compensation programs as a result of this vote.

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Executive Compensation Philosophy and Objectives

Overview. This compensation discussion describes the material elements of compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to each of our executive officers who served as named executive officers during 2018. This discussion focuses primarily on the fiscal year 2018 information contained in the following tables and related footnotes and narrative. We discuss compensation actions taken prior to 2018 or in 2019 if we believe it provides relevant information.

The principal elements of our executive compensation program are base salary, annual cash incentives, and long-term equity incentives in the form of restricted stock awards and units, stock options and performance units. Our other benefits and perquisites consist of life and health insurance benefits, social and health club dues, and a qualified 401(k) savings plan (including company matching contributions). Our philosophy is to position the aggregate of these elements at the average of that paid to executives of our peers with similar responsibilities. To ensure that the Company is able to attract and retain high potential executives, the Company benchmarks executive compensation using compensation surveys of similar-sized companies and also uses an index average based on available proxy disclosure compensation information of similar-sized manufacturing companies. This index during 2018 was comprised of: AGCO Corp., Ametek, Colfax Corp., Crane Co., Dana Incorporated, Dover Corp, Greenbrier Companies, Flowserve Corp., Navistar International Corp., Oshkosh Corp., Regal Beloit, Rockwell Automation Inc., Rockwell Collins, Inc., Snap-On Inc. Trinity Industries, Terex Corp., WABCO Holdings, and Xylem Inc. (the “Peer Index Group”).

Objectives and Philosophy. The overall objectives of our executive compensation program are to (i) enable us to attract, motivate and retain key executive talent essential to the achievement of our short-term and long-term business objectives; (ii) provide compensation competitive with others in our industry; (iii) reward senior executive officers in a “pay for performance” manner for accomplishment of pre-defined business goals and objectives; and (iv) align the interests of our executives with our stockholders. A significant portion of total executive compensation is variable compensation linked to corporate, business unit and individual performance. Our objective is to provide a significant portion of an executive’s total compensation in a form that is contingent upon achieving established performance goals. In regard to compensation based on performance, our objective is to provide a significant portion of such compensation in the form of equity awards.

In 2018, our named executive officers compensation, based on actual amounts awarded, was allocated as follows:

Name
Salary
Annual
Incentive
Award
Long-
Term
Incentive
Award
Raymond T. Betler
 
24.36
%
 
23.66
%
 
51.98
%
Patrick D. Dugan
 
23.64
%
 
18.07
%
 
58.29
%
Albert J. Neupaver
 
16.37
%
 
15.63
%
 
68.00
%
David L. DeNinno
 
25.40
%
 
16.64
%
 
57.96
%
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson
 
25.66
%
 
20.92
%
 
53.42
%

In setting base salaries at the beginning of the year, the Compensation Committee generally reviews information about compensation practices and levels in Wabtec’s industry and the position and responsibility of the particular executive which is publicly available or provided by the Chief Executive Officer and the Executive Vice President of Human Resources. The Compensation Committee also uses benchmarking to establish base salaries as discussed below. The cash bonus for 2018 is a cash award determined by the Compensation Committee based on pre-established performance factors. These factors are established at the beginning of the year and include (i) a financial performance factor measuring either earnings per share or earnings before interest and taxes, and working capital management, and (ii) a personal performance factor which measures whether the individual executive attained pre-determined goals and objectives established for that executive which are tied to the overall company strategic objectives for that year. Long-term incentives in the form of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance units are granted to provide the opportunity for long-term compensation based upon the performance of Wabtec and its ability to meet its long-term goals and objectives.

Compensation Process.

Compensation Committee. Executive officer compensation is administered by the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee approved the 2018 compensation arrangements for executive officers, including base

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salaries, cash bonuses and equity awards, described in this compensation discussion and analysis and recommended them to the full Board, which then approved them. Our Board of Directors delegates to the Compensation Committee the direct responsibility for, among other matters:

reviewing and approving goals and objectives for the Chief Executive Officer and determining the Chief Executive Officer’s compensation;
reviewing and recommending compensation of all directors and executive officers; and
recommending incentive compensation plans and equity-based plans.

Role of Compensation Experts. Pursuant to its charter, the Compensation Committee is authorized to engage compensation consultants to assist it with its duties. The Compensation Committee has the sole authority to engage any outside counsel or other experts or consultants to assist it in the evaluation of compensation of our directors and executive officers, including the sole authority to approve such consultants’ fees and other retention terms. The Compensation Committee may also obtain advice from legal, accounting, human resources and other advisors as it deems necessary. The Compensation Committee engaged the consulting firm Pay Governance during 2018. During its engagement, Pay Governance provided the following services: (i) reviewed and assessed the Company’s current compensation practices for executives and non-employee directors; (ii) reviewed the current peer group and made recommendations to update the peer group; (iii) reviewed and provided a pay for performance assessment of the Chief Executive Officer compensation; and (iv) provided benchmarking of peer group and relevant industry data.

Role of Our Executive Officers in the Compensation Process. The Chief Executive Officer and the Executive Vice President of Human Resources suggest guidelines in discussions with the Compensation Committee regarding executive compensation. They provide recommendations and information regarding the competitiveness of the industry, key employees, performance of individuals, succession and other relevant data to the Compensation Committee. The Chief Executive Officer is not present during any discussions concerning his own compensation.

Components of Compensation.

Our 2018 compensation program elements were primarily structured to reward our executive officers for achieving certain financial and business objectives.

Base Salaries. Base salaries for our executive officers are reviewed annually and depend mainly on the executive’s office and responsibility and are based on the competitive average for executives with similar responsibilities in peer group companies. In this regard, the Company uses two different benchmarks, one a broader benchmark study based on industrial and durable goods manufacturing companies that are similarly sized in terms of revenue and a second study that is an index average of the members of the Peer Index Group. Individual salaries may be above or below the competitive average based on the individual’s contribution to business results, capabilities and qualifications, potential and the importance of the individual’s position to our success.

For 2018, the base salary changes of our named executive officers resulting from the process described herein was as follows:

Executive Name
% Increase
Mr. Betler
 
25.00
%
Mr. Dugan
 
18.18
%
Mr. DeNinno
 
21.05
%
Mr. Neupaver
 
10.67
%
Mr. Rambaud-Measson
 
5.64
%

Mr. Neupaver was reappointed as an executive officer in May of 2018.

The Compensation Committee is dedicated to ensuring competitive compensation for each of Wabtec’s key employees and believes that these increases are in line with comparable industry practices and are merited based upon personal performance, company performance and return to our stockholders.

Annual Cash Incentive Awards. Our annual incentive award plan is intended to: (i) compensate participants directly if strategic and financial performance targets are achieved and (ii) reward participants for performance on those

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activities that are most directly under their control and for which they are held accountable. Corporate, business unit and individual performance goals under the annual incentive plan are linked to the annual business plan and budget. The actual amount of cash bonuses are a function of the Company’s overall financial performance, the participant’s individual performance and Board approval.

The cash bonus targets for 2018 for each of the named executive officers as a percentage of base salary were:

Name
Target
Raymond T. Betler
 
100
%
Patrick D. Dugan
 
80
%
Albert J. Neupaver
 
100
%
David L. DeNinno
 
70
%
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson
 
100
%

Cash bonuses are based upon the success of two factors: (1) a financial performance factor or “FPF” (ranging from 0 to 1.5 maximum), that measures either adjusted earnings per share (“EPS”) or earnings before interest and taxes (“EBIT”); and working capital management (measured excluding extraordinary items related to transaction costs, restructuring, and debt refinancing costs); and (2) a personal performance factor or “PPF” (ranging from 0 to 1.5 maximum) that measures whether the executive has attained certain goals agreed to by the executive, the executive’s supervisor, and the Board. The cash bonus formula is based on the product of the participant’s base salary, the participant’s target cash bonus percentage, the FPF and the PPF. If both the financial performance factor and the applicable personal performance factor were achieved, the named executive officers would earn 100% of their target cash bonus. To qualify for the minimum payout performance factor for EPS/ EBIT or working capital financial metrics under the cash bonus plan, the business unit or Company, as applicable to the particular participant, must achieve at least 80% of its plan’s target EPS or EBIT, or 80% of its working capital/ cash flow plan target for the year, as the case may be.

We believe that this philosophy encourages Wabtec and our executives to establish ambitious goals and that it promotes teamwork, productivity and profitability. Overall, total target cash compensation (the sum of salary and target cash bonus) for our executive officers is competitive with market practice for similar executive positions in similar companies when performance goals under the annual cash bonus plan are achieved. Target cash bonuses and performance factors were approved by the Compensation Committee at its meeting in February 2018. For 2018, the Company’s EPS and working capital/ cash flow results achieved an FPF of .9410 out of a maximum factor possible under the annual incentive plan of 1.5. The FPF for group executives and business unit leaders is based on performance to pre-established EBIT or EPS and working capital/ cash flow metrics relating to the applicable group and or business unit.

The table below provides both the 2018 financial metrics and our performance achieved in 2018 for our corporate wide executives including, Mr. Betler, Mr. Dugan, Mr. Neupaver , Mr. DeNinno, and Mr. Rambaud-Measson:

Performance Metric
Threshold
Target
Maximum
2018
Performance
Target
Weighting
Performance
Achieved
EPS
$
3.14
 
$
3.93
 
$
4.72
 
$
3.86
 
 
80
%
 
73.58
 
Working Capital/ Cash Flow
$
325M
 
$
360M
 
$
396M
 
$
364M
 
 
20
%
 
20.52
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
94.10
 

Long-Term Incentive Compensation. Our Compensation Committee administers our long-term incentive compensation through the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan, under which we grant stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance units. During 2018, the Company made the following grants of equity awards: 130,400 shares of restricted stock, 95,570 restricted stock units, 82,580 stock options and 175,100 performance units.

Equity awards made in February 2018 to all named executive officers are detailed under the table “2018 Grants of Plan Based Awards” on page 25. Options and restricted stock are generally granted to employees, including our executive officers, each February as part of their long term compensation. Additional awards were made throughout the year to new hires, current employees in connection with promotions, and key management obtained through acquisitions. We vary the relative amounts of options and restricted stock granted in a given year based on a number of factors including the overall performance of the Company, the stock price and retention of key management. The primary purposes of the long-term incentive program are to align the interests of executive officers and other key

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employees with those of our stockholders, to attract and retain key executive talent and to provide an incentive to meet and exceed long-term financial goals. Employees eligible for the long-term incentive program include those who are determined by the Compensation Committee to be in key policy-setting and decision-making roles, and to have responsibilities that contribute significantly to achieving our earnings goals. The size of an individual’s long-term incentive award is based primarily on individual performance, the individual’s responsibilities and position with our company. Long-term incentive award values generally are competitive with market practice for comparable executive positions in similar companies based on the Peer Index Group and other relevant data reviewed by the Compensation Committee.

Any awards made under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan may be subject to forfeiture at the discretion of the Compensation Committee if between the date of grant and the third anniversary of any exercise, payment or vesting of the award, the participant:

(i)engages in the operation or management of a business (whether as owner, partner, officer, director, employee or otherwise) which is in competition with the Company or any of its subsidiaries;
(ii)induces or attempts to induce any customer, supplier, licensee or other individual, corporation or other business organization having a business relationship with the Company or any of its subsidiaries to cease doing business with the Company or any of its subsidiaries or in any way interferes with the relationship between any such customer, supplier, licensee or other person and the Company or any of its subsidiaries;
(iii)solicits any employee of the Company or any of its subsidiaries to leave the employment thereof or in any way interferes with the relationship of such employee with the Company or any of its subsidiaries; or
(iv)makes any statements or comments, orally or in writing, of a defamatory or disparaging nature regarding the Company or any of its subsidiaries (including but not limited to regarding any of their respective businesses, officers, directors, personnel, products or policies).

Such forfeiture does not apply following the occurrence of a change of control event unless the award agreement specifically so provides or as required by applicable law.

Stock options and restricted stock are a part of our long-term incentive compensation program that seeks to align the interests of our executives with our stockholders. We have typically granted stock options and restricted stock in February of the applicable year. We have historically awarded options to purchase our common stock to executive officers at the fair market value (average of the high and low price) of our common stock at the grant date. We have not re-priced or back-dated any option awards. The vesting schedule for each grant of options and restricted stock is determined by the Compensation Committee and has typically been in 25% increments over a four-year period, subject to continued employment with the Company. In February 2018, we granted both restricted stock and stock options to all named executive officers as part of their long-term compensation with the Company. The grant date fair value of those awards is reflected in the Summary Compensation Table on page 23.

The Company also administers a rolling three-year long-term incentive program using performance units. This program is designed to reward executives for meeting or exceeding economic profit growth goals. Economic profit is a measure of the extent to which the Company produces financial results in excess of its cost of capital. The program is structured as a rolling three-year plan; each year starts a new three-year performance cycle with the most recently commenced cycle being 2019-2021. For each executive selected to participate in this program, we establish a target grant of performance units at the beginning of each three-year performance cycle. A performance unit is equal to a share of Wabtec common stock. If Wabtec achieves its three-year cumulative economic profit goal, then participants will earn the target grant of performance units. In general, the goals increase each year taking into account expected market conditions, and are intended to reflect a superior performance by management. If Wabtec achieves the maximum three-year cumulative economic profit goal, a participant will earn a maximum number (equal to two times the target level) of performance units. If Wabtec achieves the threshold three-year cumulative economic profit goal, a participant will earn a threshold number (equal to one-quarter of the target level) of performance units. No performance units will be earned for performance below the three-year cumulative economic profit threshold and no additional performance units will be earned for performance exceeding the three-year cumulative economic profit maximum. This program is intended to encourage the long-term stability of Wabtec’s management by establishing ambitious goals designed to promote the long-term productivity and profitability of the Company. If a program participant leaves the Company voluntarily, or is terminated for cause, he or she is not eligible to receive any performance units he or she may have earned under the program. If a program participant otherwise leaves the

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Company, his or her payout may be pro-rated in accordance with the amount of time he or she participated in the program relative to the performance period. For the 2018—2020 performance cycle, the Compensation Committee approved target goals based on cumulative economic profit for the performance period. These goals were based on a range of considerations including expected demand in Wabtec’s key end user markets, investor expectations and management’s business plan which includes year over year growth.

For the 2016-2018 performance period, Wabtec achieved 81.44% of its target three-year cumulative economic profit goal of $455 million for the 2016-2018 performance cycle, which resulted in the following payouts in March 2019 to the named executive officers:

Mr. Betler
18,731 shares of Wabtec common stock with a value at payout of $1,348,726
Mr. Dugan
4,886 shares of Wabtec common stock with a value at payout of $351,816
Mr. Neupaver
18,731 shares of Wabtec common stock with a value at payout of $1,348,726
Mr. DeNinno
4,886 shares of Wabtec common stock with a value at payout of $351,816

NEOs as a group received 47,234 shares of Wabtec common stock with a value at payout of $3,401,084. Mr. Rambaud-Measson did not participate in the plan as he was not an employee at the time these awards were granted.

Stock Ownership Requirements. In February 2007, Wabtec approved stock ownership guidelines for executive management and for non-employee board members. These guidelines were established to encourage our key employees and Board members to own and retain shares of stock. The guidelines are as follows: President and CEO to accumulate shares having a value equal to seven times base salary; executive officers to accumulate shares having a value equal to three times base salary; general managers and equivalent to accumulate shares having a value equal to two times base salary; and non-employee Board members to accumulate shares having a value equal to four times their cash retainer. These ownership guidelines are to be achieved within three to five years and are defined as a multiple of base salary for executives and a multiple of cash compensation for the non-employee board members. Except for Mr. Alfroid, each of the executive officers and non-employee board members has met their required stock ownership described above (including any shares deferred pursuant to the Deferred Compensation Plan). As of January 31, 2019, our directors and executive officers as a group owned approximately 6.56% of our common stock.

Recoupment Policy. In the event of a financial restatement or a determination by the Board of Directors that misconduct by a responsible party caused financial or reputational harm to Wabtec, the Compensation Committee will review the circumstances and make recommendations to the Board as to whether recoupment should be pursued. Misconduct shall include any intentional or reckless violation of Wabtec policies or any grossly negligent act of failure to act. The Compensation Committee will review all compensation that has been awarded to the responsible party and determine how such compensation may have been affected by the financial restatements or misconduct.

Should the Board determine that recoupment is appropriate, Wabtec may recoup from the responsible parties, any cash bonuses and equity awards in reliance on the financial statements that were restated or for the year in which the financial harm occurred as well as any gains realized from the exercise of options to the extent the Compensation Committee determines that the gains were based on such financial statements or resulted from such misconduct.

Prohibition on Hedging. In order to ensure our executive officers bear the full risk of Wabtec common stock ownership, in early 2015, the Compensation Committee approved a policy that prohibits hedging transactions related to our common stock.

Perquisites and Other Personal Benefits. Supplemental benefits are offered to selected executive officers with the goal of attracting and retaining key executive talent. Those perquisites may include: life and health insurance benefits, car and housing allowances, and social and health club dues.

Retirement Benefits. The Company maintains a qualified defined contribution program which includes a Company match on participant contributions which is provided to executives in the United States, on the same basis as is provided to other salaried employees of the Company who reside in the U.S. The Company also maintains various defined benefit plans which are provided to executives based on the same basis as are provided to other employees of the Company who reside or work outside the U.S.

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Deferred Compensation Plan. In December 2009, the Board approved and adopted a deferred compensation plan for executive officers and non-employee directors. Under the terms of the plan, eligible employee executive officers may elect to defer their base salary, cash bonus and/or long term incentive payout. No NEOs deferred any compensation during 2018 or any prior years.

Post-Termination Compensation.

The Board of Directors has entered into employment continuation agreements with senior executive officers, including all of the NEOs based in the United States. These agreements are discussed below generally, and only become effective in the event of a change of control of Wabtec. Also discussed below, certain of our benefit plans contain provisions that address termination of an individual or a change in control of the Company. In connection with the acquisition of Faiveley Transport, S.A., the Board of Directors entered into an employment agreement with one NEO as described on page 31.

Tax Implications of Executive Compensation. Our deductions for compensation payable to the named executive officers (other than the Chief Financial Officer) are potentially limited by Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), to the extent the aggregate amount paid to an executive officer exceeds $1 million. In 2018 and prior years, the Compensation Committee designed certain awards intended to be exempt from this deduction limit as “performance-based compensation,” including stock options and performance units. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts, however, eliminated the “performance-based compensation” exceptions under Section 162(m) effective January 1, 2018, subject to a special rule that “grandfathers” certain awards or arrangements that were in effect on or before November 2, 2017. As a result, compensation that the Compensation Committee structured in 2018 and prior years with the intent of qualifying as performance-based compensation under Section 162(m) that is paid after 2018 may not be fully deductible, depending on the application of the special grandfather rule. Compensation awarded after 2018 to our NEOs in excess of $1 million also will generally not be deductible. While the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will limit the deductibility of compensation paid to the NEOs, the Compensation Committee, consistent with past practice, will design compensation programs that are intended to serve the long-term interests of our company and stockholders, with deductibility of compensation being one of a variety of relevant factors.

Accounting Considerations with Regard to Compensation Practices. The Compensation Committee reviews on an on-going basis the impact of our compensation programs on Wabtec’s financial statements, including the accounting treatment of equity-based compensation, and the Compensation Committee’s decisions may be influenced by such factors.

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Summary Compensation Table

This table shows the compensation for Wabtec’s Chief Executive Officer, Wabtec’s Chief Financial Officer, the three other most highly paid executive officers, other than the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and the Executive Chairman of Wabtec at December 31, 2018.

Name and Position
Year
Salary
Stock
Awards (1)
Option
Awards (6)
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation (7)
All Other
Compensation (8)
Total
Raymond T. Betler
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
2018
 
$
1,250,000
 
$
2,440,860
 
$
288,260
 
$
1,242,122
 
$
29,006
 
$
5,250,248
 
 
2017
 
$
1,000,000
 
$
2,219,775
 
$
216,405
 
$
0
 
$
23,352
 
$
3,459,532
 
 
2016
 
$
825,000
 
$
3,217,253
(3)
$
244,237
 
$
201,783
 
$
23,101
 
$
4,511,374
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Patrick D. Dugan Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
2018
 
$
650,000
 
$
1,550,664
 
$
115,304
 
$
516,723
 
$
25,819
 
$
2,858,510
 
 
2017
 
$
550,000
 
$
1,035,895
 
$
100,789
 
$
0
 
$
24,949
 
$
1,711,833
 
 
2016
 
$
425,000
 
$
1,240,004
(3)
$
63,714
 
$
72,764
 
$
24,627
 
$
1,826,109
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson(4)
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
 
2018
 
$
900,000
 
$
2,297,280
 
$
0
 
$
900,000
 
$
203,894
 
$
4,301,174
 
 
2017
 
$
851,929
 
$
2,119,438
 
$
0
 
$
81,988
 
$
62,314
 
$
3,115,669
 
 
2016
 
$
58,539
 
$
1,443,394
(5)
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
4,419
 
$
1,506,352
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David L. DeNinno Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
 
2018
 
$
575,000
 
$
1,306,578
 
$
86,478
 
$
400,000
 
$
35,564
 
$
2,403,620
 
 
2017
 
$
475,000
 
$
739,925
 
$
72,135
 
$
0
 
$
35,169
 
$
1,322,229
 
 
2016
 
$
400,000
 
$
1,608,666
(3)
$
63,714
 
$
68,484
 
$
33,868
 
$
2,174,732
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert J. Neupaver (2) Executive Chairman
 
2018
 
$
700,000
 
$
2,615,300
(2)
$
411,800
 
$
695,589
 
$
28,714
 
$
4,451,403
 
 
2017
 
$
632,500
 
$
2,369,746
(2)
$
216,405
 
$
0
 
$
24,138
 
$
3,242,789
 
 
2016
 
$
890,000
 
$
2,398,003
 
$
244,237
 
$
217,682
 
$
34,689
 
$
3,784,611
 
(1)Reflects the aggregate grant date fair value dollar amount computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, which we refer to as “ASC 718”, related to the awards of a) restricted stock made to the named executive officers in February 2018 under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan; and b) long-term incentive awards granted to the named executive officers in 2018 for the 2018-2020 performance period. For the assumptions used in the calculation of this amount under ASC 718, see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Wabtec’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The value of the 2018 long term incentive award is based on probable achievement of the applicable target performance goals. The value of that award based on achievement of maximum performance level would be: for Mr. Betler – $2,871,600 ; for Mr. Dugan – $1,148,640; for Mr. Rambaud-Measson - $2,297,200; for Mr. DeNinno – $861,400; for Mr. Neupaver – $1,435,800.
(2)Mr. Neupaver was paid as an executive officer of Wabtec from January 1, 2017 to May 31, 2017, and then as a non-employee director from June 1, 2017 to year end. Mr. Neupaver’s salary for 2017 above reflects compensation as an employee of $432,500, as well as a cash retainer of $85,000, and an additional cash retainer of $115,000 as Chairman of the Board. Furthermore, Mr. Neupaver’s stock awards for 2017 above reflects an award as an employee of $2,219,715, as well as a stock retainer of 1,819 shares valued at $150,031 as Chairman of the Board. In May 2018, Mr. Neupaver was re-appointed Executive Chairman of the Board and an executive officer of the Company. Upon Mr. Neupaver’s re-appointment to Executive Chairman, Mr. Neupaver was awarded 20,000 shares of restricted stock, and 20,000 options. Please see the 2018 Grants of Plan Based Awards for additional details.
(3)Includes a special grant of restricted stock on December 12, 2016 upon the successful acquisition of a controlling interest of Faiveley Transport, S.A. in the amount of 10,000 shares for Mr. Betler, 7,500 shares for Mr. Dugan, and 12,000 shares for Mr. DeNinno. The entire award is subject to cliff vesting four years from the date of the award, or December 12, 2020, subject, in each case, to the executive’s continued employment with the Company through the applicable vesting date.
(4)Mr. Rambaud-Measson resigned as an executive officer and director of the Company on February 12, 2019. Cash compensation was paid to Mr. Rambaud-Measson in both US dollars and euros, and for purposes of the Summary Compensation Table and other applicable tables in this proxy statement converted to U.S. dollars using an exchange rate of 1.14 US$ per euro determined as of December 31, 2018.

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(5)Reflects the special grant of restricted stock units to Mr. Rambaud-Measson upon his appointment to President and Chief Executive Officer- Transit Segment. The award was made November 30, 2016 under Wabtec’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The entire award vested as part of Mr. Rambaud-Measson’s severance arrangement.
(6)Reflects the aggregate grant date fair value dollar amount computed in accordance with ASC 718 related to the named executive officers that had stock options granted during the year. For the assumptions used in the calculation of this amount under ASC 718, see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Wabtec’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
(7)Reflects amounts earned by the named executive officers for fiscal years 2018, 2017 and 2016 under Wabtec’s annual incentive award plan. Payment for 2018 performance was made in February 2019.
(8)The following table sets forth a detailed breakdown of the items which compose “All Other Compensation”:
Name
Year
Tax
Gross Up
Payments
Car and
Housing
Allowances (1)
Unemployment
Benefits (2)
Social
and
Health
Club
Dues
Company
Matching
Contribution
to 401(k)
Plan
Imputed
Group
Term
Life
Insurance
Premium
Payments
Total
Raymond T. Betler
2018
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
6,962
 
$
16,500
 
$
5,544
 
$
29,006
 
 
2017
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
1,908
 
$
15,900
 
$
5,544
 
$
23,352
 
 
2016
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
1,657
 
$
15,900
 
$
5,544
 
$
23,101
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Patrick D. Dugan
2018
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
7,387
 
$
16,500
 
$
1,932
 
$
25,819
 
 
2017
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
7,117
 
$
15,900
 
$
1,932
 
$
24,949
 
 
2016
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
7,333
 
$
15,900
 
$
1,394
 
$
24,627
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stéphane Rambaud-Measson
2018
$
0
 
$
189,739
 
$
14,155
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
203,894
 
 
2017
$
0
 
$
47,051
 
$
15,263
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
62,314
 
 
2016
$
0
 
$
3,336
 
$
1,083
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
4,419
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David L. DeNinno
2018
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
13,599
 
$
16,500
 
$
5,465
 
$
35,564
 
 
2017
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
14,018
 
$
15,900
 
$
5,251
 
$
35,159
 
 
2016
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
13,968
 
$
15,900
 
$
4,000
 
$
33,868
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert J. Neupaver
2018
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
5,649
 
$
16,500
 
$
6,565
 
$
28,714
 
 
2017
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
3,725
 
$
15,900
 
$
4,513
 
$
24,138
 
 
2016
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
0
 
$
8,121
 
$
15,900
 
$
10,668
 
$
34,689
 
(1)For 2018, Mr. Rambaud-Measson was provided use of a company vehicle valued at $5,656. The Company provided a furnished apartment plus utilities in Pittsburgh valued at $91,095, spousal travel valued at $87,085 and other miscellaneous relocation costs of $5,903.
(2)This represents payments made on behalf of Mr. Rambaud-Measson to an insurance company for unemployment benefits

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2018 Grants of Plan Based Awards

This table shows the equity based awards granted in 2018 to the named executive officers in 2018.

 
 
Estimated Future
Payouts
Under Non-Equity
Incentive
Plan Awards ($) (1)
Estimated Future
Payouts
Under Equity
Incentive
Plan Awards (#) (2)
All
Other
Stock
Awards:
Number of
Shares of
Stock or
Unit (#)s (3)
All
Other
Option
Awards:
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Options (#) (4)
Exercise
Price of
Option
Awards ($)
Grant
Date
Fair
Value of
Stock
and
Option
Awards ($) (5)
Name
Grant
Date
Threshold
Target
Maximum
Threshold
Target
Maximum
 
 
 
 
Mr. Betler
 
 
 
$
0
 
$
1,250,000
 
$
2,812,500
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,000
 
 
20,000
 
 
40,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,435,800
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,005,060
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14,000
 
$
71.79
 
$
288,260
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mr. Dugan
 
 
 
$
0
 
$
520,000
 
$
1,170,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,000
 
 
8,000
 
 
16,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
574,320
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,600
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
402,024
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8,000
(6)
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
574,320
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,600
 
$
71.79
 
$
115,304
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mr. Rambaud-Measson
 
 
 
$
0
 
$
900,000
 
$
2,025,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,000
 
 
16,000
 
 
32,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,148,640
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,148,640
 
 
 
2/6/18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mr. DeNinno
 
 
 
$
0
 
$
402,500
 
$
905,625
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2/6/18