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New Accounting Standards (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2011
New Accounting Standards [Abstract]  
Segment reporting (ASC 280)
Although each subsidiary of Chevron is responsible for its own affairs, Chevron Corporation manages its investments in these subsidiaries and their affiliates. The investments are grouped into two business segments, Upstream and Downstream, representing the company’s “reportable segments” and “operating segments” as defined in accounting standards for segment reporting (ASC 280). Upstream operations consist primarily of exploring for, developing and producing crude oil and natural gas; liquefaction, transportation and regasification associated with liquefied natural gas (LNG); transporting crude oil by major international oil export pipelines; processing, transporting, storage and marketing of natural gas; and a gas-to-liquids project. Downstream operations consist primarily of refining of crude oil into petroleum products; marketing of crude oil and refined products; transporting of crude oil and refined products by pipeline, marine vessel, motor equipment and rail car; and manufacturing and marketing of commodity petrochemicals, plastics for industrial uses, and fuel and lubricant additives. All Other activities of the company include mining operations, power generation businesses, worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities, energy services, and alternative fuels and technology.
Fair value measurement (Topic 820)
Accounting standards for fair value measurement (ASC 820) establish a framework for measuring fair value and stipulate disclosures about fair value measurements. The standards apply to recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements of financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities. Among the required disclosures is the fair value hierarchy of inputs the company uses to value an asset or a liability. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. For the company, Level 1 inputs include exchange-traded futures contracts for which the parties are willing to transact at the exchange-quoted price and marketable securities that are actively traded.
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly. For the company, Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, prices obtained through third-party broker quotes and prices that can be corroborated with other observable inputs for substantially the complete term of a contract.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs. The company does not use Level 3 inputs for any of its recurring fair value measurements. Level 3 inputs may be required for the determination of fair value associated with certain nonrecurring measurements of nonfinancial assets and liabilities.
Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS (ASU 2011-04) In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, which becomes effective for the company on January 1, 2012. The amendments in ASU 2011-04 result in common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS. As a result of these amendments, the requirements in U.S. GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements were changed. The company does not anticipate changes to its existing classification and measurement of fair value when the amended standard becomes effective. However, the company’s disclosures on certain items not required to be measured at fair value will be expanded when the amended standard becomes effective.
Comprehensive Income (Topic 220)
Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Presentation of Comprehensive Income (ASU 2011-05) The FASB issued ASU 2011-05 in June 2011. This standard becomes effective for the company on January 1, 2012. ASU 2011-05 changes the presentation requirements for comprehensive income. Adoption of the standard is not expected to have a significant impact on the company’s current financial statement presentation.
Acquisition accounted as business combination (ASC 805)
The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination (ASC 805) which, among other things, requires assets acquired and liabilities assumed to be measured at their acquisition date fair values. Provisional fair value measurements were made in the first quarter 2011 for acquired assets and assumed liabilities, and adjustments to those measurements may be made in subsequent periods, up to one year from the acquisition date, as information necessary to complete the analysis is obtained. No adjustments to the provisional measurements were made in the second quarter 2011. The company expects the measurement process will be finalized by the end of 2011.
Goodwill and other (ASC 350)
The acquisition date fair value of the consideration transferred was $3.4 billion in cash. The $39 million of goodwill was assigned to the Upstream segment and represents the amount of the consideration transferred in excess of the values assigned to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill represents the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. None of the goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. Goodwill recorded in the acquisition is not subject to amortization, but will be tested periodically for impairment as required by the applicable accounting standard (ASC 350).