10-Q 1 cvx-06302016x10qdoc.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
þ    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
or
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 001-00368
Chevron Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-0890210
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
6001 Bollinger Canyon Road,
San Ramon, California
 
94583-2324
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (925) 842-1000
NONE
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  o       No  þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class
 
Outstanding as of June 30, 2016
Common stock, $.75 par value
 
1,886,520,448
 



INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016, and 2015
 
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016, and 2015
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2016, and 2015
6
 
7-23
Item 2.
24-35
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
36
Item 2.
37
Item 4.
37
Item 6.
37
38
Exhibits:
Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
40
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications
41-42
Rule 13a-14(b)/15d-14(b) Certifications
43-44

1


CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS RELEVANT TO FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
FOR THE PURPOSE OF “SAFE HARBOR” PROVISIONS OF THE
PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Chevron Corporation contains forward-looking statements relating to Chevron’s operations that are based on management’s current expectations, estimates and projections about the petroleum, chemicals and other energy-related industries. Words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “believes,” “seeks,” “schedules,” “estimates,” “positions,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “budgets,” “outlook,” “on schedule,” “on track,” “goals,” “objectives” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the company’s control and are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. Unless legally required, Chevron undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are: changing crude oil and natural gas prices; changing refining, marketing and chemicals margins; the company's ability to realize anticipated cost savings and expenditure reductions; actions of competitors or regulators; timing of exploration expenses; timing of crude oil liftings; the competitiveness of alternate-energy sources or product substitutes; technological developments; the results of operations and financial condition of the company's suppliers, vendors, partners and equity affiliates, particularly during extended periods of low prices for crude oil and natural gas; the inability or failure of the company’s joint-venture partners to fund their share of operations and development activities; the potential failure to achieve expected net production from existing and future crude oil and natural gas development projects; potential delays in the development, construction or start-up of planned projects; the potential disruption or interruption of the company’s operations due to war, accidents, political events, civil unrest, severe weather, cyber threats and terrorist acts, crude oil production quotas or other actions that might be imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or other natural or human causes beyond its control; changing economic, regulatory and political environments in the various countries in which the company operates; general domestic and international economic and political conditions; the potential liability for remedial actions or assessments under existing or future environmental regulations and litigation; significant operational, investment or product changes required by existing or future environmental statutes and regulations, including international agreements and national or regional legislation and regulatory measures to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions; the potential liability resulting from other pending or future litigation; the company’s future acquisition or disposition of assets and gains and losses from asset dispositions or impairments; government-mandated sales, divestitures, recapitalizations, industry-specific taxes, changes in fiscal terms or restrictions on scope of company operations; foreign currency movements compared with the U.S. dollar; material reductions in corporate liquidity and access to debt markets; the effects of changed accounting rules under generally accepted accounting principles promulgated by rule-setting bodies; the company's ability to identify and mitigate the risks and hazards inherent in operating in the global energy industry; and the factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” on pages 21 through 23 of the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Other unpredictable or unknown factors not discussed in this report could also have material adverse effects on forward-looking statements.


2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Consolidated Financial Statements
CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
Revenues and Other Income
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and other operating revenues*
$
27,844

 
$
36,829

 
$
50,914

 
$
69,144

Income from equity affiliates
752

 
1,169

 
1,328

 
2,570

Other income
686

 
2,359

 
593

 
3,201

Total Revenues and Other Income
29,282

 
40,357

 
52,835

 
74,915

Costs and Other Deductions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased crude oil and products
15,278

 
20,541

 
26,503

 
37,734

Operating expenses
5,054

 
6,077

 
10,458

 
11,472

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,033

 
1,170

 
2,031

 
2,114

Exploration expenses
214

 
1,075

 
584

 
1,667

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
6,721

 
6,958

 
11,124

 
11,369

Taxes other than on income*
2,973

 
3,173

 
5,837

 
6,291

Interest and debt expense
79

 

 
79

 

Total Costs and Other Deductions
31,352

 
38,994

 
56,616

 
70,647

Income (Loss) Before Income Tax Expense
(2,070
)
 
1,363

 
(3,781
)
 
4,268

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
(607
)
 
755

 
(1,611
)
 
1,060

Net Income (Loss)
(1,463
)
 
608

 
(2,170
)
 
3,208

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
7

 
37

 
25

 
70

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
(1,470
)
 
$
571

 
$
(2,195
)
 
$
3,138

Per Share of Common Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
$
(0.78
)
 
$
0.30

 
$
(1.17
)
 
$
1.68

— Diluted
$
(0.78
)
 
$
0.30

 
$
(1.17
)
 
$
1.67

Dividends
$
1.07

 
$
1.07

 
$
2.14

 
$
2.14

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding (000s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
1,871,995

 
1,867,561

 
1,870,885

 
1,867,110

— Diluted
1,871,995

 
1,876,705

 
1,870,885

 
1,876,603

____________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Includes excise, value-added and similar taxes:
1,784

 
1,965

 
$
3,436

 
$
3,842







See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Net Income (Loss)
$
(1,463
)
 
$
608

 
$
(2,170
)
 
$
3,208

Currency translation adjustment
(7
)
 
6

 
2

 
(19
)
Unrealized holding gain on securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain arising during period
1

 
(8
)
 
10

 
(6
)
Defined benefit plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net actuarial and settlement losses
198

 
174

 
379

 
344

Actuarial loss arising during period
(14
)
 
8

 
(14
)
 

Prior service cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net prior service costs
8

 
8

 
13

 
14

Defined benefit plans sponsored by equity affiliates
5

 
14

 
14

 
27

Income tax expense on defined benefit plans
(73
)
 
(73
)
 
(145
)
 
(152
)
Total
124

 
131

 
247

 
233

Other Comprehensive Gain, Net of Tax
118

 
129

 
259

 
208

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(1,345
)
 
737

 
(1,911
)
 
3,416

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(7
)
 
(37
)
 
(25
)
 
(70
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
(1,352
)
 
$
700

 
$
(1,936
)
 
$
3,346









See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
 
At June 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
ASSETS
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
8,764

 
$
11,022

Marketable securities
320

 
310

Accounts and notes receivable, net
13,490

 
12,860

Inventories
 
 
 
Crude oil and petroleum products
3,680

 
3,535

Chemicals
431

 
490

Materials, supplies and other
2,316

 
2,309

Total inventories
6,427

 
6,334

Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1
3,470

 
3,904

Total Current Assets
32,471

 
34,430

Long-term receivables, net
2,469

 
2,412

Investments and advances
27,740

 
27,110

Properties, plant and equipment, at cost
339,081

 
340,277

Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
154,396

 
151,881

Properties, plant and equipment, net
184,685

 
188,396

Deferred charges and other assets 1, 2
6,316

 
6,155

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Assets held for sale
3,216

 
1,449

Total Assets
$
261,478

 
$
264,540

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
Short-term debt 2
$
5,530

 
$
4,927

Accounts payable
13,416

 
13,516

Accrued liabilities
4,458

 
4,833

Federal and other taxes on income 1
490

 
1,073

Other taxes payable
1,033

 
1,118

Total Current Liabilities
24,927

 
25,467

Long-term debt 2
39,487

 
33,542

Capital lease obligations
68

 
80

Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
22,712

 
23,465

Noncurrent deferred income taxes 1
18,342

 
20,165

Noncurrent employee benefit plans
7,617

 
7,935

Total Liabilities
113,153

 
110,654

Preferred stock (authorized 100,000,000 shares, $1.00 par value, none issued)

 

Common stock (authorized 6,000,000,000 shares; $0.75 par value;
     2,442,676,580 shares issued at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015)
1,832

 
1,832

Capital in excess of par value
16,436

 
16,330

Retained earnings
175,379

 
181,578

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,032
)
 
(4,291
)
Deferred compensation and benefit plan trust
(240
)
 
(240
)
Treasury stock, at cost (556,156,132 and 559,862,580 shares at June 30, 2016, and
    December 31, 2015, respectively)
(42,212
)
 
(42,493
)
Total Chevron Corporation Stockholders’ Equity
147,163

 
152,716

Noncontrolling interests
1,162

 
1,170

Total Equity
148,325

 
153,886

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
261,478

 
$
264,540

____________________
 
 
 
1 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-17. Refer to Note 9, "Income Taxes" beginning on page 13.
2 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-03. Refer to Note 5, "New Accounting Standards" on page 10.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
$
(2,170
)
 
$
3,208

Adjustments
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
11,124

 
11,369

Dry hole expense
334

 
1,160

Distributions less than income from equity affiliates
(486
)
 
(183
)
Net before-tax gains on asset retirements and sales
(661
)
 
(3,045
)
Net foreign currency effects
302

 
101

Deferred income tax provision
(2,240
)
 
(727
)
Net increase in operating working capital
(2,091
)
 
(2,025
)
Increase in long-term receivables
(33
)
 
(89
)
Net decrease in other deferred charges
52

 
42

Cash contributions to employee pension plans
(551
)
 
(386
)
Other
92

 
114

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
3,672

 
9,539

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(10,035
)
 
(15,245
)
Proceeds and deposits related to asset sales
1,370

 
4,877

Net maturities of time deposits

 
8

Net sales of marketable securities
2

 
64

Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
(158
)
 
(96
)
Net sales of other short-term investments
155

 
71

Net Cash Used for Investing Activities
(8,666
)
 
(10,321
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net borrowings (repayments) of short-term obligations
359

 
(1,920
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
6,926

 
5,989

Repayments of long-term debt and other financing obligations
(780
)
 
(15
)
Cash dividends — common stock
(4,002
)
 
(3,994
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(24
)
 
(26
)
Net sales of treasury shares
262

 
138

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
2,741

 
172

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(5
)
 
(19
)
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(2,258
)
 
(629
)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at January 1
11,022

 
12,785

Cash and Cash Equivalents at June 30
$
8,764

 
$
12,156







See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1. Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of Chevron Corporation and its subsidiaries (the company) have not been audited by an independent registered public accounting firm. In the opinion of the company’s management, the interim data includes all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. These adjustments were of a normal recurring nature. The results for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2016, are not necessarily indicative of future financial results. The term “earnings” is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation.
Certain notes and other information have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Note 2. Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses
The change in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses (AOCL) presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and the impact of significant amounts reclassified from AOCL on information presented in the Consolidated Statement of Income for the six months ending June 30, 2016, are reflected in the table below.
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) by Component (1) 
(Millions of Dollars)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Unrealized Holding Gains (Losses) on Securities
 
Derivatives
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Total
 
 

Balance at January 1
 
$
(140
)
 
$
(29
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4,120
)
 
$
(4,291
)
Components of Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Before Reclassifications
 
2

 
10

 

 
3

 
15

    Reclassifications (2)
 

 

 

 
244

 
244

Net Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
2

 
10

 

 
247

 
259

Balance at June 30
 
$
(138
)
 
$
(19
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(3,873
)
 
$
(4,032
)
________________________________
(1) All amounts are net of tax.
(2) Refer to Note 10, Employee Benefits for reclassified components totaling $392 million that are included in employee benefit costs for the six months ending June 30, 2016. Related income taxes for the same period, totaling $148 million, are reflected in Income Tax Expense on the Consolidated Statement of Income. All other reclassified amounts were insignificant.
 
Note 3. Noncontrolling Interests
Ownership interests in the company’s subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent are presented separately from the parent’s equity on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and the noncontrolling interests are both presented on the face of the Consolidated Statement of Income.
Activity for the equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the first six months of 2016 and 2015 is as follows:
 
2016
 
2015
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1
$
152,716

 
$
1,170

 
$
153,886

 
$
155,028

 
$
1,163

 
$
156,191

Net income (loss)
(2,195
)
 
25

 
(2,170
)
 
3,138

 
70

 
3,208

Dividends
(4,004
)
 

 
(4,004
)
 
(3,996
)
 

 
(3,996
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 
(24
)
 
(24
)
 

 
(26
)
 
(26
)
Treasury shares, net
281

 

 
281

 
158

 

 
158

Other changes, net*
365

 
(9
)
 
356

 
341

 
15

 
356

Balance at June 30
$
147,163

 
$
1,162

 
$
148,325

 
$
154,669

 
$
1,222

 
$
155,891

 _____________________
* Includes components of comprehensive income, which are disclosed separately in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

7

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 4. Information Relating to the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

The “Net increase in operating working capital” was composed of the following operating changes:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
(Increase) decrease in accounts and notes receivable
$
(858
)
 
$
296

Increase in inventories
(219
)
 
(611
)
Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets
23

 
775

Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(699
)
 
(1,894
)
Decrease in income and other taxes payable
(338
)
 
(591
)
Net increase in operating working capital
$
(2,091
)
 
$
(2,025
)
The “Net increase in operating working capital” includes reductions of $11 million and $13 million for excess income tax benefits associated with stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2016, and 2015, respectively. These amounts are offset by an equal amount in “Net sales of treasury shares.”
“Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities” included the following cash payments for interest on debt and for income taxes:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Interest on debt (net of capitalized interest)
$
50

 
$

Income taxes
1,297

 
3,404

"Depreciation, depletion and amortization" and "Deferred income tax provision" collectively include $2.8 billion in non-cash reductions to properties, plant and equipment relating to impairments and other non-cash charges.
"Other" includes changes in postretirement benefits obligations and other long-term liabilities.
Information related to "Restricted Cash" is included on page 21 in Note 14 under the heading "Restricted Cash."
The “Net maturities of time deposits” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Maturities of time deposits

 
8

Net maturities of time deposits
$

 
$
8

The “Net sales of marketable securities” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Marketable securities purchased
$
(9
)
 
$

Marketable securities sold
11

 
64

Net sales of marketable securities
$
2

 
$
64


8

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The “Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
$
(171
)
 
$
(96
)
Repayment of loans by equity affiliates
13

 

Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
$
(158
)
 
$
(96
)
The “Net sales of other short-term investments” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Purchases of other short-term investments
$
(3
)
 
$
(46
)
Sales of other short-term investments
158

 
117

Net sales of other short-term investments
$
155

 
$
71

The “Net borrowings (repayments) of short-term obligations" consisted of the following gross and net amounts:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Repayments of short-term obligations
$
(5,175
)
 
$
(8,116
)
Proceeds from issuances of short-term obligations
8,494

 
5,468

Net borrowings of short-term obligations with three months or less maturity
(2,960
)
 
728
Net borrowings (repayments) of short-term obligations
$
359

 
$
(1,920
)
The “Net sales of treasury shares” represents the cost of common shares acquired less the cost of shares issued for share-based compensation plans. Purchases totaled $1 million for the first six months in 2016 and $1 million for the first six months in 2015. No purchases were made under the company's share repurchase program in the first six months of 2016 or 2015.
The major components of “Capital expenditures” and the reconciliation of this amount to the capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates, are as follows:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Additions to properties, plant and equipment
$
9,796

 
$
14,599

Additions to investments
27

 
275

Current year dry hole expenditures
211

 
371

Payments for other liabilities and assets, net
1

 

 Capital expenditures
10,035

 
15,245

Expensed exploration expenditures
250

 
507

Assets acquired through capital lease obligations
4

 
29

 Capital and exploratory expenditures, excluding equity affiliates
10,289

 
15,781

Company’s share of expenditures by equity affiliates
1,703

 
1,526

 Capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates
$
11,992

 
$
17,307



9

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 5. New Accounting Standards
Interest - Imputation of Interest (Topic 835): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. Effective January 1, 2016, Chevron adopted ASU 2015-03 on a retrospective basis. The standard requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The effects of retrospective adoption on the December 31, 2015, Consolidated Balance Sheet were reductions of $43 million in "Deferred charges and other assets," $1 million in "Short-term debt" and $42 million in "Long-term debt".
Revenue Recognition (Topic 606): Revenue from Contracts with Customers. In July 2015, the FASB approved a one-year deferral of the effective date of ASU 2014-09, which becomes effective for the company January 1, 2018. The standard provides a single comprehensive revenue recognition model for contracts with customers, eliminates most industry-specific revenue recognition guidance, and expands disclosure requirements. "Sales and Other Operating Revenues” on the Consolidated Statement of Income includes excise, value-added and similar taxes on sales transactions. Upon adoption of the standard, revenue will exclude sales-based taxes collected on behalf of third parties, which will have no impact to earnings. The company continues to evaluate the effect of the standard on its consolidated financial statements.
Leases (Topic 842) In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 which becomes effective for the company January 1, 2019. The standard requires that lessees present right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The company is evaluating the effect of the standard on the company’s consolidated financial statements.

Note 6. Operating Segments and Geographic Data
Although each subsidiary of Chevron is responsible for its own affairs, Chevron Corporation manages its investments in these subsidiaries and their affiliates. The investments are grouped into two business segments, Upstream and Downstream, representing the company’s “reportable segments” and “operating segments.” Upstream operations consist primarily of exploring for, developing and producing crude oil and natural gas; liquefaction, transportation and regasification associated with liquefied natural gas (LNG); transporting crude oil by major international oil export pipelines; processing, transporting, storage and marketing of natural gas; and a gas-to-liquids plant. Downstream operations consist primarily of refining of crude oil into petroleum products; marketing of crude oil and refined products; transporting of crude oil and refined products by pipeline, marine vessel, motor equipment and rail car; and manufacturing and marketing of commodity petrochemicals, plastics for industrial uses, and fuel and lubricant additives. All Other activities of the company include worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
The company’s segments are managed by “segment managers” who report to the “chief operating decision maker” (CODM). The segments represent components of the company that engage in activities (a) from which revenues are earned and expenses are incurred; (b) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the CODM, which makes decisions about resources to be allocated to the segments and assesses their performance; and (c) for which discrete financial information is available.
The company’s primary country of operation is the United States of America, its country of domicile. Other components of the company’s operations are reported as “International” (outside the United States).

10

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Earnings The company evaluates the performance of its operating segments on an after-tax basis, without considering the effects of debt financing interest expense or investment interest income, both of which are managed by the company on a worldwide basis. Corporate administrative costs and assets are not allocated to the operating segments. However, operating segments are billed for the direct use of corporate services. Nonbillable costs remain at the corporate level in “All Other.” Earnings by major operating area for the three- and six-month period ended June 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented in the following table:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
Segment Earnings
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(1,113
)
 
$
(1,038
)
 
$
(1,963
)
 
$
(1,498
)
International
(1,349
)
 
(1,181
)
 
(1,958
)
 
839

Total Upstream
(2,462
)
 
(2,219
)
 
(3,921
)
 
(659
)
Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
537

 
731

 
784

 
1,437

International
741

 
2,225

 
1,229

 
2,942

Total Downstream
1,278

 
2,956

 
2,013

 
4,379

Total Segment Earnings
(1,184
)
 
737

 
(1,908
)
 
3,720

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest Income
17

 
16

 
32

 
32

Other
(303
)
 
(182
)
 
(319
)
 
(614
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
(1,470
)
 
$
571

 
$
(2,195
)
 
$
3,138

Segment Assets Segment assets do not include intercompany investments or intercompany receivables. “All Other” assets consist primarily of worldwide cash, cash equivalents, time deposits and marketable securities; real estate; information systems; technology companies; and assets of the corporate administrative functions. Segment assets at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, are as follows: 
Segment Assets
At June 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
United States 1
$
43,992

 
$
46,383

International 1
162,142

 
162,030

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Total Upstream
210,715

 
213,001

Downstream
 
 
 
United States 1
21,949

 
21,404

International
15,868

 
14,982

Total Downstream
37,817

 
36,386

Total Segment Assets
248,532

 
249,387

All Other
 
 
 
United States 1,2
5,043

 
4,728

International
7,903

 
10,425

Total All Other
12,946

 
15,153

Total Assets — United States
70,984

 
72,515

Total Assets — International
185,913

 
187,437

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Total Assets
$
261,478

 
$
264,540

____________________
 
 
 
1 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-17. Refer to Note 9, "Income Taxes" beginning on page 13.
2 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-03. Refer to Note 5, "New Accounting Standards" on page 10.

11

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Sales and Other Operating Revenues Segment sales and other operating revenues, including internal transfers, for the three- and six-month period ended June 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented in the following table. Products are transferred between operating segments at internal product values that approximate market prices. Revenues for the upstream segment are derived primarily from the production and sale of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the sale of third-party production of natural gas. Revenues for the downstream segment are derived from the refining and marketing of petroleum products such as gasoline, jet fuel, gas oils, lubricants, residual fuel oils and other products derived from crude oil. This segment also generates revenues from the manufacture and sale of fuel and lubricant additives and the transportation and trading of refined products and crude oil. “All Other” activities include revenues from insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 Sales and Other Operating Revenues
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
2,467

 
$
3,533

 
$
4,539

 
$
6,882

International
5,377

 
7,408

 
10,398

 
14,623

Subtotal
7,844

 
10,941

 
14,937

 
21,505

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(1,810
)
 
(2,553
)
 
(3,141
)
 
(4,664
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(2,278
)
 
(3,281
)
 
(4,207
)
 
(6,273
)
Total Upstream
3,756

 
5,107

 
7,589

 
10,568

Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
11,716

 
15,107

 
20,883

 
27,541

International
12,539

 
16,978

 
22,847

 
31,842

Subtotal
24,255

 
32,085

 
43,730

 
59,383

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(4
)
 
(8
)
 
(8
)
 
(14
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(196
)
 
(388
)
 
(459
)
 
(862
)
Total Downstream
24,055

 
31,689

 
43,263

 
58,507

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
296

 
438

 
545

 
763

International
11

 
10

 
19

 
17

Subtotal
307

 
448

 
564

 
780

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(264
)
 
(407
)
 
(484
)
 
(697
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(10
)
 
(8
)
 
(18
)
 
(14
)
Total All Other
33

 
33

 
62

 
69

Sales and Other Operating Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
14,479

 
19,078

 
25,967

 
35,186

International
17,927

 
24,396

 
33,264

 
46,482

Subtotal
32,406

 
43,474

 
59,231

 
81,668

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(2,078
)
 
(2,968
)
 
(3,633
)
 
(5,375
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(2,484
)
 
(3,677
)
 
(4,684
)
 
(7,149
)
Total Sales and Other Operating Revenues
$
27,844

 
$
36,829

 
$
50,914

 
$
69,144


Note 7. Summarized Financial Data — Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (CUSA) is a major subsidiary of Chevron Corporation. CUSA and its subsidiaries manage and operate most of Chevron’s U.S. businesses. Assets include those related to the exploration and production of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids and those associated with refining, marketing, and supply and distribution of products derived from petroleum, excluding most of the regulated pipeline operations of Chevron. CUSA also holds the company’s investment in the Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC joint venture, which is accounted for using the equity method.



12

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The summarized financial information for CUSA and its consolidated subsidiaries is as follows:

Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Sales and other operating revenues
$
38,275

 
$
52,777

   Costs and other deductions
40,905

 
54,019

   Net income (loss) attributable to CUSA
(1,218
)
 
(290
)
 
At June 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Current assets
$
11,100

 
$
9,732

   Other assets
56,910

 
59,170

   Current liabilities
14,305

 
13,664

   Other liabilities
27,392

 
29,100

   Total CUSA net equity
$
26,313

 
$
26,138

   Memo: Total debt
$
14,457

 
$
14,462

Note 8. Summarized Financial Data — Tengizchevroil LLP
Chevron has a 50 percent equity ownership interest in Tengizchevroil LLP (TCO). Summarized financial information for 100 percent of TCO is presented in the following table:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Sales and other operating revenues
$
5,044

 
$
7,304

   Costs and other deductions
2,900

 
4,122

   Net income attributable to TCO
1,501

 
2,232

Note 9. Income Taxes
Taxes on income for the second quarter and first six months of 2016 benefited earnings by $0.6 billion and $1.6 billion, respectively, compared with charges of $0.8 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively for the corresponding periods in 2015. The associated effective tax rates (calculated as the amount of Income Tax Expense (Benefit) divided by Income (Loss) Before Income Tax Expense) for the second quarters of 2016 and 2015 were 29 percent and 55 percent, respectively. For the comparative six-month periods the effective tax rates were 43 percent and 25 percent, respectively.
Excluding the effects of equity earnings, the effective tax rates for the 2016 and 2015 quarterly periods were 24 percent and 334 percent, respectively, a decrease of 310 percent between periods, and the tax rates for the respective six-month periods were 34 percent and 50 percent, a decrease of 16 percent between periods. The decrease in the effective tax rate between the quarterly periods primarily resulted from the effects of valuation allowances recognized on deferred tax assets, the absence of the 2015 sale of the company's interest in Caltex Australia Limited and foreign currency remeasurement effects, partially offset by jurisdictional mix impacts. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the six-month comparative period primarily resulted from the effects of valuation allowances recognized on deferred tax assets and the absence of the 2015 sale of the company's interest in Caltex Australia Limited, partially offset by jurisdictional mix impacts.
Tax positions for Chevron and its subsidiaries and affiliates are subject to income tax audits by many tax jurisdictions throughout the world. For the company’s major tax jurisdictions, examinations of tax returns for certain prior tax years had not been completed as of June 30, 2016. For these jurisdictions, the latest years for which income tax examinations had been finalized were as follows: United States — 2011, Nigeria — 2000, Angola — 2009 and Kazakhstan — 2007.
The company engages in ongoing discussions with tax authorities regarding the resolution of tax matters in the various jurisdictions. Both the outcomes for these tax matters and the timing of resolution and/or closure of the tax audits are highly uncertain. However, it is reasonably possible that developments regarding tax matters in certain tax jurisdictions may result in significant increases or decreases in the company’s total unrecognized tax benefits within the next 12 months. Given the number of years that still remain subject to examination and the number of matters being examined in the various tax jurisdictions, the company is unable to estimate the range of possible adjustments to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits.

13

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Effective January 1, 2016, Chevron early-adopted Income Taxes (Topic 740), Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (ASU 2015-17), on a retrospective basis. The standard provides that all deferred income taxes be classified as noncurrent on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The prior requirement was to classify most deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the classification of the underlying asset or liability. The effects of retrospective adoption on the December 31, 2015, Consolidated Balance Sheet were reductions of $917 million in "Prepaid expenses and other current assets," $603 million in "Deferred charges and other assets," $996 million in "Federal and other taxes on income," and $524 million in "Noncurrent deferred income taxes."
Note 10. Employee Benefits
Chevron has defined benefit pension plans for many employees. The company typically prefunds defined benefit plans as required by local regulations or in certain situations where prefunding provides economic advantages. In the United States, all qualified plans are subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act minimum funding standard. The company does not typically fund U.S. nonqualified pension plans that are not subject to funding requirements under laws and regulations because contributions to these pension plans may be less economic and investment returns may be less attractive than the company’s other investment alternatives.
The company also sponsors other postretirement employee benefit (OPEB) plans that provide medical and dental benefits, as well as life insurance for some active and qualifying retired employees. The plans are unfunded, and the company and the retirees share the costs. Medical coverage for Medicare-eligible retirees in the company’s main U.S. medical plan is secondary to Medicare (including Part D) and the increase to the company contribution for retiree medical coverage is limited to no more than 4 percent each year. Certain life insurance benefits are paid by the company.
The components of net periodic benefit costs for 2016 and 2015 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Pension Benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
124

 
$
134

 
$
247

 
$
269

Interest cost
94

 
125

 
188

 
251

Expected return on plan assets
(180
)
 
(196
)
 
(361
)
 
(392
)
Amortization of prior service credits
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(4
)
 
(4
)
Amortization of actuarial losses
83

 
89

 
167

 
178

Settlement losses
81

 
54

 
162

 
108

Total United States
200

 
204

 
399

 
410

International
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
43

 
49

 
83

 
94

Interest cost
63

 
72

 
130

 
141

Expected return on plan assets
(61
)
 
(65
)
 
(123
)
 
(130
)
Amortization of prior service costs
6

 
6

 
10

 
11

Amortization of actuarial losses
12

 
23

 
23

 
41

Settlement losses
17

 

 
17

 

Total International
80

 
85

 
140

 
157

Net Periodic Pension Benefit Costs
$
280

 
$
289

 
$
539

 
$
567

Other Benefits*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
15

 
$
18

 
$
30

 
$
36

Interest cost
32

 
37

 
64

 
75

Amortization of prior service costs
4

 
4

 
7

 
7

Amortization of actuarial losses
5

 
8

 
10

 
17

Net Periodic Other Benefit Costs
$
56

 
$
67

 
$
111

 
$
135

___________________________________
* Includes costs for U.S. and international OPEB plans. Obligations for plans outside the United States are not significant relative to the company’s total OPEB obligation.

14

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Through June 30, 2016, a total of $551 million was contributed to employee pension plans (including $317 million to the U.S. plans.) Total contributions for the full year are currently estimated to be $700 million ($400 million for the U.S. plans and $300 million for the international plans.) The company anticipates it will not make contributions to the primary U.S. pension plan for the remainder of 2016. Actual contribution amounts are dependent upon plan investment returns, changes in pension obligations, regulatory requirements and other economic factors. Additional funding may ultimately be required if investment returns are insufficient to offset increases in plan obligations.
During the first six months of 2016, the company contributed $95 million to its OPEB plans. The company anticipates contributing approximately $96 million during the remainder of 2016.

Note 11. Assets Held For Sale
At June 30, 2016, the company classified $3,216 million of net properties, plant and equipment as “Assets held for sale” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. These assets are associated with upstream and downstream operations that are anticipated to be sold in the next 12 months. The revenues and earnings contributions of these assets in 2015 and the first six months of 2016 were not material.
Note 12. Litigation
MTBE Chevron and many other companies in the petroleum industry have used methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as a gasoline additive. Chevron is a party to six pending lawsuits and claims, the majority of which involve numerous other petroleum marketers and refiners. Resolution of these lawsuits and claims may ultimately require the company to correct or ameliorate the alleged effects on the environment of prior release of MTBE by the company or other parties. Additional lawsuits and claims related to the use of MTBE, including personal-injury claims, may be filed in the future. The company’s ultimate exposure related to pending lawsuits and claims is not determinable. The company no longer uses MTBE in the manufacture of gasoline in the United States.
Ecuador
Background Chevron is a defendant in a civil lawsuit initiated in the Superior Court of Nueva Loja in Lago Agrio, Ecuador, in May 2003 by plaintiffs who claim to be representatives of certain residents of an area where an oil production consortium formerly had operations. The lawsuit alleges damage to the environment from the oil exploration and production operations and seeks unspecified damages to fund environmental remediation and restoration of the alleged environmental harm, plus a health monitoring program. Until 1992, Texaco Petroleum Company (Texpet), a subsidiary of Texaco Inc., was a minority member of this consortium with Petroecuador, the Ecuadorian state-owned oil company, as the majority partner; since 1990, the operations have been conducted solely by Petroecuador. At the conclusion of the consortium and following an independent third-party environmental audit of the concession area, Texpet entered into a formal agreement with the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador for Texpet to remediate specific sites assigned by the government in proportion to Texpet’s ownership share of the consortium. Pursuant to that agreement, Texpet conducted a three-year remediation program at a cost of $40 million. After certifying that the sites were properly remediated, the government granted Texpet and all related corporate entities a full release from any and all environmental liability arising from the consortium operations.
Based on the history described above, Chevron believes that this lawsuit lacks legal or factual merit. As to matters of law, the company believes first, that the court lacks jurisdiction over Chevron; second, that the law under which plaintiffs bring the action, enacted in 1999, cannot be applied retroactively; third, that the claims are barred by the statute of limitations in Ecuador; and, fourth, that the lawsuit is also barred by the releases from liability previously given to Texpet by the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador and by the pertinent provincial and municipal governments. With regard to the facts, the company believes that the evidence confirms that Texpet’s remediation was properly conducted and that the remaining environmental damage reflects Petroecuador’s failure to timely fulfill its legal obligations and Petroecuador’s further conduct since assuming full control over the operations.
Lago Agrio Judgment In 2008, a mining engineer appointed by the court to identify and determine the cause of environmental damage, and to specify steps needed to remediate it, issued a report recommending that the court assess $18.9 billion, which would, according to the engineer, provide financial compensation for purported damages, including wrongful death claims, and pay for, among other items, environmental remediation, health care systems and additional infrastructure for Petroecuador. The engineer’s report also asserted that an additional$8.4 billion could be assessed against Chevron for unjust enrichment. In 2009, following the disclosure by Chevron of evidence that the judge participated in meetings in which businesspeople and individuals holding themselves out as government officials discussed the case and its likely outcome, the judge presiding over the

15

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


case was recused. In 2010, Chevron moved to strike the mining engineer’s report and to dismiss the case based on evidence obtained through discovery in the United States indicating that the report was prepared by consultants for the plaintiffs before being presented as the mining engineer’s independent and impartial work and showing further evidence of misconduct. In August 2010, the judge issued an order stating that he was not bound by the mining engineer’s report and requiring the parties to provide their positions on damages within 45 days. Chevron subsequently petitioned for recusal of the judge, claiming that he had disregarded evidence of fraud and misconduct and that he had failed to rule on a number of motions within the statutory time requirement.
In September 2010, Chevron submitted its position on damages, asserting that no amount should be assessed against it. The plaintiffs’ submission, which relied in part on the mining engineer’s report, took the position that damages are between approximately $16 billion and $76 billion and that unjust enrichment should be assessed in an amount between approximately $5 billion and $38 billion. The next day, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment. Chevron petitioned to have that order declared a nullity in light of Chevron’s prior recusal petition, and because procedural and evidentiary matters remained unresolved. In October 2010, Chevron’s motion to recuse the judge was granted. A new judge took charge of the case and revoked the prior judge’s order closing the evidentiary phase of the case. On December 17, 2010, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment.
On February 14, 2011, the provincial court in Lago Agrio rendered an adverse judgment in the case. The court rejected Chevron’s defenses to the extent the court addressed them in its opinion. The judgment assessed approximately $8.6 billion in damages and approximately $900 million as an award for the plaintiffs’ representatives. It also assessed an additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages unless the company issued a public apology within 15 days of the judgment, which Chevron did not do. On February 17, 2011, the plaintiffs appealed the judgment, seeking increased damages, and on March 11, 2011, Chevron appealed the judgment seeking to have the judgment nullified. On January 3, 2012, an appellate panel in the provincial court affirmed the February 14, 2011 decision and ordered that Chevron pay additional attorneys’ fees in the amount of “0.10% of the values that are derived from the decisional act of this judgment.” The plaintiffs filed a petition to clarify and amplify the appellate decision on January 6, 2012, and the court issued a ruling in response on January 13, 2012, purporting to clarify and amplify its January 3, 2012 ruling, which included clarification that the deadline for the company to issue a public apology to avoid the additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages was within 15 days of the clarification ruling, or February 3, 2012. Chevron did not issue an apology because doing so might be mischaracterized as an admission of liability and would be contrary to facts and evidence submitted at trial. On January 20, 2012, Chevron appealed (called a petition for cassation) the appellate panel’s decision to Ecuador’s National Court of Justice. As part of the appeal, Chevron requested the suspension of any requirement that Chevron post a bond to prevent enforcement under Ecuadorian law of the judgment during the cassation appeal. On February 17, 2012, the appellate panel of the provincial court admitted Chevron’s cassation appeal in a procedural step necessary for the National Court of Justice to hear the appeal. The provincial court appellate panel denied Chevron’s request for suspension of the requirement that Chevron post a bond and stated that it would not comply with the First and Second Interim Awards of the international arbitration tribunal discussed below. On March 29, 2012, the matter was transferred from the provincial court to the National Court of Justice, and on November 22, 2012, the National Court agreed to hear Chevron's cassation appeal. On August 3, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio approved a court-appointed liquidator’s report on damages that calculated the total judgment in the case to be $19.1 billion. On November 13, 2013, the National Court ratified the judgment but nullified the $8.6 billion punitive damage assessment, resulting in a judgment of $9.5 billion. On December 23, 2013, Chevron appealed the decision to the Ecuador Constitutional Court, Ecuador's highest court. The reporting justice of the Constitutional Court heard oral arguments on the appeal on July 16, 2015.
On July 2, 2013, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an embargo order in Ecuador ordering that any funds to be paid by the Government of Ecuador to Chevron to satisfy a $96 million award issued in an unrelated action by an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law must be paid to the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. The award was issued by the tribunal under the United States-Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty in an action filed in 2006 in connection with seven breach of contract cases that Texpet filed against the Government of Ecuador between 1991 and 1993. The Government of Ecuador has moved to set aside the tribunal's award. On September 26, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands issued an opinion denying Ecuador’s set aside request. A Federal District Court for the District of Columbia confirmed the tribunal's award, and, on August 4, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed the District Court's decision. On September 28, 2015, the Court of Appeals denied the Government of Ecuador’s request for full appellate court review of the Federal District Court’s decision. On June 6, 2016, the United States Supreme Court denied the Government of

16

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Ecuador's petition for Writ of Certiorari. On July 22, 2016, the Government of Ecuador paid the $96 million award, plus interest, resulting in a payment to Chevron of approximately $113 million.
Lago Agrio Plaintiffs' Enforcement Actions Chevron has no assets in Ecuador and the Lago Agrio plaintiffs’ lawyers have stated in press releases and through other media that they will seek to enforce the Ecuadorian judgment in various countries and otherwise disrupt Chevron’s operations. On May 30, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed an action against Chevron Corporation, Chevron Canada Limited, and Chevron Canada Finance Limited in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Ontario, Canada, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. On May 1, 2013, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice held that the Court has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action, but stayed the action due to the absence of evidence that Chevron Corporation has assets in Ontario. The Lago Agrio plaintiffs appealed that decision and, on December 17, 2013, the Court of Appeals for Ontario affirmed the lower court’s decision on jurisdiction and set aside the stay, allowing the recognition and enforcement action to be heard in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. Chevron appealed the decision to the Supreme Court of Canada and, on September 4, 2015, the Supreme Court dismissed the appeal and affirmed that the Ontario Superior Court of Justice has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action. The recognition and enforcement proceeding and related preliminary motions are proceeding in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.
On June 27, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed a complaint against Chevron Corporation in the Superior Court of Justice in Brasilia, Brazil, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. Chevron has answered the complaint. In accordance with Brazilian procedure, the matter was referred to the public prosecutor for a nonbinding opinion of the issues raised in the complaint. On May 13, 2015, the public prosecutor issued its nonbinding opinion and recommended that the Superior Court of Justice reject the plaintiffs’ recognition and enforcement request, finding, among other things, that the Lago Agrio judgment was procured through fraud and corruption and cannot be recognized in Brazil because it violates Brazilian and international public order.
On October 15, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an ex parte embargo order that purports to order the seizure of assets belonging to separate Chevron subsidiaries in Ecuador, Argentina and Colombia. On November 6, 2012, at the request of the Lago Agrio plaintiffs, a court in Argentina issued a Freeze Order against Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and another Chevron subsidiary, Ingeniero Norberto Priu, requiring shares of both companies to be "embargoed," requiring third parties to withhold 40 percent of any payments due to Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and ordering banks to withhold 40 percent of the funds in Chevron Argentina S.R.L. bank accounts. On December 14, 2012, the Argentinean court rejected a motion to revoke the Freeze Order but modified it by ordering that third parties are not required to withhold funds but must report their payments. The court also clarified that the Freeze Order relating to bank accounts excludes taxes. On January 30, 2013, an appellate court upheld the Freeze Order, but on June 4, 2013, the Supreme Court of Argentina revoked the Freeze Order in its entirety. On December 12, 2013, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs served Chevron with notice of their filing of an enforcement proceeding in the National Court, First Instance, of Argentina. Chevron filed its answer on February 27, 2014 to which the Lago Agrio plaintiffs responded on December 29, 2015. On April 19, 2016, the public prosecutor in Argentina issued a non-binding opinion recommending to the National Court, First Instance, of Argentina that it reject the Lago Agrio plaintiffs' request to recognize the Ecuadorian judgment in Argentina.
Chevron continues to believe the provincial court’s judgment is illegitimate and unenforceable in Ecuador, the United States and other countries. The company also believes the judgment is the product of fraud, and contrary to the legitimate scientific evidence. Chevron cannot predict the timing or ultimate outcome of the appeals process in Ecuador or any enforcement action. Chevron expects to continue a vigorous defense of any imposition of liability in the Ecuadorian courts and to contest and defend any and all enforcement actions.
Company's Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration Claims Chevron and Texpet filed an arbitration claim in September 2009 against the Republic of Ecuador before an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. The claim alleges violations of the Republic of Ecuador’s obligations under the United States–Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) and breaches of the settlement and release agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet (described above), which are investment agreements protected by the BIT. Through the arbitration, Chevron and Texpet are seeking relief against the Republic of Ecuador, including a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation constitutes a violation of Ecuador’s obligations under the BIT. On February 9, 2011, the Tribunal issued an Order for Interim Measures requiring the Republic of Ecuador to take all measures at its disposal to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement or recognition within and without Ecuador of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending further order of the Tribunal. On January 25, 2012, the Tribunal converted the Order for Interim Measures into an Interim Award. Chevron filed a renewed application for further interim measures on January 4, 2012, and the Republic of Ecuador opposed Chevron’s application and requested that the existing Order for Interim Measures be vacated on January 9, 2012. On February 16, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Second Interim Award mandating that the Republic

17

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


of Ecuador take all measures necessary (whether by its judicial, legislative or executive branches) to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement and recognition within and without Ecuador of the judgment against Chevron and, in particular, to preclude any certification by the Republic of Ecuador that would cause the judgment to be enforceable against Chevron. On February 27, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Third Interim Award confirming its jurisdiction to hear Chevron's arbitration claims. On February 7, 2013, the Tribunal issued its Fourth Interim Award in which it declared that the Republic of Ecuador “has violated the First and Second Interim Awards under the [BIT], the UNCITRAL Rules and international law in regard to the finalization and enforcement subject to execution of the Lago Agrio Judgment within and outside Ecuador, including (but not limited to) Canada, Brazil and Argentina.” The Republic of Ecuador subsequently filed in the District Court of the Hague a request to set aside the Tribunal’s Interim Awards and the First Partial Award (described below), and on January 20, 2016, the District Court denied the Republic's request. On April 13, 2016, the Republic of Ecuador appealed the decision.
The Tribunal has divided the merits phase of the proceeding into three phases. On September 17, 2013, the Tribunal issued its First Partial Award from Phase One, finding that the settlement agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet applied to Texpet and Chevron, released Texpet and Chevron from claims based on "collective" or "diffuse" rights arising from Texpet's operations in the former concession area and precluded third parties from asserting collective/diffuse rights environmental claims relating to Texpet's operations in the former concession area but did not preclude individual claims for personal harm. The Tribunal held a hearing on April 29-30, 2014, to address remaining issues relating to Phase One, and on March 12, 2015, it issued a nonbinding decision that the Lago Agrio plaintiffs' complaint, on its face, includes claims not barred by the settlement agreement between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet. In the same decision, the Tribunal deferred to Phase Two remaining issues from Phase One, including whether the Republic of Ecuador breached the 1995 settlement agreement and the remedies that are available to Chevron and Texpet as a result of that breach. Phase Two issues were addressed at a hearing held in April and May 2015. The Tribunal has not set a date for Phase Three, the damages phase of the arbitration.
Company's RICO Action Through a series of U.S. court proceedings initiated by Chevron to obtain discovery relating to the Lago Agrio litigation and the BIT arbitration, Chevron obtained evidence that it believes shows a pattern of fraud, collusion, corruption, and other misconduct on the part of several lawyers, consultants and others acting for the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. In February 2011, Chevron filed a civil lawsuit in the Federal District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and several of their lawyers, consultants and supporters, alleging violations of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act and other state laws. Through the civil lawsuit, Chevron is seeking relief that includes a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation is the result of fraud and other unlawful conduct and is therefore unenforceable. On March 7, 2011, the Federal District Court issued a preliminary injunction prohibiting the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and persons acting in concert with them from taking any action in furtherance of recognition or enforcement of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending resolution of Chevron’s civil lawsuit by the Federal District Court. On May 31, 2011, the Federal District Court severed claims one through eight of Chevron’s complaint from the ninth claim for declaratory relief and imposed a discovery stay on claims one through eight pending a trial on the ninth claim for declaratory relief. On September 19, 2011, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the preliminary injunction, stayed the trial on Chevron’s ninth claim, a claim for declaratory relief, that had been set for November 14, 2011, and denied the defendants’ mandamus petition to recuse the judge hearing the lawsuit. The Second Circuit issued its opinion on January 26, 2012 ordering the dismissal of Chevron’s ninth claim for declaratory relief. On February 16, 2012, the Federal District Court lifted the stay on claims one through eight, and on October 18, 2012, the Federal District Court set a trial date of October 15, 2013. On March 22, 2013, Chevron settled its claims against Stratus Consulting, and on April 12, 2013 sworn declarations by representatives of Stratus Consulting were filed with the Court admitting their role and that of the plaintiffs' attorneys in drafting the environmental report of the mining engineer appointed by the provincial court in Lago Agrio. On September 26, 2013, the Second Circuit denied the defendants' Petition for Writ of Mandamus to recuse the judge hearing the case and to collaterally estop Chevron from seeking a declaration that the Lago Agrio judgment was obtained through fraud and other unlawful conduct.
The trial commenced on October 15, 2013 and concluded on November 22, 2013. On March 4, 2014, the Federal District Court entered a judgment in favor of Chevron, prohibiting the defendants from seeking to enforce the Lago Agrio judgment in the United States and further prohibiting them from profiting from their illegal acts. The defendants appealed the Federal District Court's decision, and, on April 20, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard oral arguments.
Management's Assessment The ultimate outcome of the foregoing matters, including any financial effect on Chevron, remains uncertain. Management does not believe an estimate of a reasonably possible loss (or a range of

18

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


loss) can be made in this case. Due to the defects associated with the Ecuadorian judgment, the 2008 engineer’s report on alleged damages and the September 2010 plaintiffs’ submission on alleged damages, management does not believe these documents have any utility in calculating a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss). Moreover, the highly uncertain legal environment surrounding the case provides no basis for management to estimate a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss).
Note 13. Other Contingencies and Commitments
Income Taxes The company calculates its income tax expense and liabilities quarterly. These liabilities generally are subject to audit and are not finalized with the individual taxing authorities until several years after the end of the annual period for which income taxes have been calculated. Refer to Note 9 on page 13 for a discussion of the periods for which tax returns have been audited for the company’s major tax jurisdictions.
Settlement of open tax years, as well as other tax issues in countries where the company conducts its businesses, are not expected to have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or liquidity of the company and, in the opinion of management, adequate provision has been made for income and franchise taxes for all years under examination or subject to future examination.
Guarantees The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to guarantees, direct or indirect, of debt of affiliated companies or third parties. Under the terms of the guarantee arrangements, the company would generally be required to perform should the affiliated company or third party fail to fulfill its obligations under the arrangements. In some cases, the guarantee arrangements may have recourse provisions that would enable the company to recover any payments made under the terms of the guarantees from assets provided as collateral.
Indemnifications In the acquisition of Unocal, the company assumed certain indemnities relating to contingent environmental liabilities associated with assets that were sold in 1997. The acquirer of those assets shared in certain environmental remediation costs up to a maximum obligation of $200 million, which had been reached at December 31, 2009. Under the indemnification agreement, after reaching the $200 million obligation, Chevron is solely responsible until April 2022, when the indemnification expires. The environmental conditions or events that are subject to these indemnities must have arisen prior to the sale of the assets in 1997.
Although the company has provided for known obligations under this indemnity that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity.
Off-Balance-Sheet Obligations The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to long-term unconditional purchase obligations and commitments, including throughput and take-or-pay agreements, some of which relate to suppliers’ financing arrangements. The agreements typically provide goods and services, such as pipeline and storage capacity, drilling rigs, utilities, and petroleum products, to be used or sold in the ordinary course of the company’s business.
Environmental The company is subject to loss contingencies pursuant to laws, regulations, private claims and legal proceedings related to environmental matters that are subject to legal settlements or that in the future may require the company to take action to correct or ameliorate the effects on the environment of prior release of chemicals or petroleum substances, including MTBE, by the company or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites, including, but not limited to, federal Superfund sites and analogous sites under state laws, refineries, crude oil fields, service stations, terminals, land development areas, and mining activities, whether operating, closed or divested. These future costs are not fully determinable due to such factors as the unknown magnitude of possible contamination, the unknown timing and extent of the corrective actions that may be required, the determination of the company’s liability in proportion to other responsible parties, and the extent to which such costs are recoverable from third parties.
Although the company has provided for known environmental obligations that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity. Also, the company does not believe its obligations to make such expenditures have had, or will have, any significant impact on the company’s competitive position relative to other U.S. or international petroleum or chemical companies.
Other Contingencies On November 7, 2011, while drilling a development well in the deepwater Frade Field about 75 miles offshore Brazil, an unanticipated pressure spike caused oil to migrate from the well bore through a series of fissures to the sea floor, emitting approximately 2,400 barrels of oil. The source of the seep was substantially contained within four days and the well was plugged and abandoned. On March 14, 2012, the company identified

19

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


a small, second seep in a different part of the field. No evidence of any coastal or wildlife impacts related to either of these seeps has emerged. As reported in the company’s previously filed periodic reports, it has resolved civil claims relating to these incidents brought by a Brazilian federal district prosecutor. As also reported previously, the federal district prosecutor also filed criminal charges against Chevron and 11 Chevron employees. These charges were dismissed by the trial court on February 19, 2013, reinstated by an appellate court on October 9, 2013, and then, upon Chevron's motion for reconsideration, dismissed by the appellate court on August 27, 2015. The federal district prosecutor has appealed the appellate court’s decision.
Chevron receives claims from and submits claims to customers; trading partners; joint venture partners; U.S. federal, state and local regulatory bodies; governments; contractors; insurers; suppliers; and individuals. The amounts of these claims, individually and in the aggregate, may be significant and take lengthy periods to resolve, and may result in gains or losses in future periods.
The company and its affiliates also continue to review and analyze their operations and may close, abandon, sell, exchange, acquire or restructure assets to achieve operational or strategic benefits and to improve competitiveness and profitability. These activities, individually or together, may result in significant gains or losses in future periods.
Note 14. Fair Value Measurements
The three levels of the fair value hierarchy of inputs the company uses to measure the fair value of an asset or liability are described as follows:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. For the company, Level 1 inputs include exchange-traded futures contracts for which the parties are willing to transact at the exchange-quoted price and marketable securities that are actively traded.
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly. For the company, Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, prices obtained through third-party broker quotes and prices that can be corroborated with other observable inputs for substantially the complete term of a contract.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs. The company does not use Level 3 inputs for any of its recurring fair value measurements. Level 3 inputs may be required for the determination of fair value associated with certain nonrecurring measurements of nonfinancial assets and liabilities.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At June 30, 2016
 
At December 31, 2015
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Marketable Securities
$
320

 
$
320

 
$

 
$

 
$
310

 
$
310

 
$

 
$

Derivatives
23

 
4

 
19

 

 
205

 
189

 
16

 

Total Assets at Fair Value
$
343

 
$
324

 
$
19

 
$

 
$
515

 
$
499

 
$
16

 
$

Derivatives
74

 
69

 
5

 

 
53

 
47

 
6

 

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
$
74

 
$
69

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
53

 
$
47

 
$
6

 
$

Marketable Securities The company calculates fair value for its marketable securities based on quoted market prices for identical assets. The fair values reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were sold at June 30, 2016.
Derivatives The company records its derivative instruments — other than any commodity derivative contracts that are designated as normal purchase and normal sale — on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at fair value, with the offsetting amount to the Consolidated Statement of Income. Derivatives classified as Level 1 include futures, swaps and options contracts traded in active markets such as the New York Mercantile Exchange. Derivatives classified as Level 2 include swaps, options and forward contracts principally with financial institutions and other oil and gas companies, the fair values of which are obtained from third-party broker quotes, industry pricing services and exchanges. The company obtains multiple sources of pricing information for the Level 2 instruments.

20

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Since this pricing information is generated from observable market data, it has historically been very consistent. The company does not materially adjust this information.
Assets carried at fair value at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, are as follows:
Cash and Cash Equivalents The company holds cash equivalents in U.S. and non-U.S. portfolios. The instruments classified as cash equivalents are primarily bank time deposits with maturities of 90 days or less, and money market funds. “Cash and cash equivalents” had carrying/fair values of $8.8 billion and $11.0 billion at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents are classified as Level 1 and reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were settled at June 30, 2016.
Restricted Cash had a carrying/fair value of $0.9 billion and $1.1 billion at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. At June 30, 2016, restricted cash is classified as Level 1 and includes restricted funds related to certain upstream abandonment activities and tax payments, which are reported in "Prepaid expenses and other current assets" and “Deferred charges and other assets” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Long-Term Debt had a net carrying value, excluding amounts reclassified from short-term, of $31.5 billion and $25.6 billion at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. The fair value of long-term debt at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015 was $32.6 billion and $25.9 billion, respectively. Long-term debt primarily includes corporate issued bonds. The fair value of corporate bonds classified as Level 1 is $31.7 billion. The fair value of other long-term debt is $0.9 billion and classified as Level 2.
The carrying values of other short-term financial assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet approximate their fair values. Fair value remeasurements of other financial instruments at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, were not material.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at June 30, 2016, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Before-Tax Loss
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six
Months
Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held and used)
$
358

 
$

 
$
13

 
$
345

 
$
2,261

 
$
2,335

 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held for sale)
288

 

 
285

 
3

 
314

 
541

 Investments and advances
23

 

 
20

 
3

 
214

 
218

 Total Assets at Fair Value
$
669

 
$

 
$
318

 
$
351

 
$
2,789

 
$
3,094

Properties, plant and equipment Due to reservoir performance and lower crude oil prices, the company reported impairments for certain oil and gas properties during second quarter 2016 primarily in Brazil and the United States.
Investments and advances The company did not have any material impairments of investments and advances measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis to report in second quarter 2016.

Note 15. Financial and Derivative Instruments
The company’s derivative instruments principally include crude oil, natural gas and refined product futures, swaps, options, and forward contracts. None of the company’s derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments, although certain of the company’s affiliates make such a designation. The company’s derivatives are not material to the company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity. The company believes it has no material market or credit risks to its operations, financial position or liquidity as a result of its commodities and other derivatives activities.
The company uses derivative commodity instruments traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange and on electronic platforms of the Inter-Continental Exchange and Chicago Mercantile Exchange. In addition, the company enters into swap contracts and option contracts principally with major financial institutions and other oil and gas companies in the “over-the-counter” markets, which are governed by International Swaps and Derivatives Association agreements and other master netting arrangements.

21

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Derivative instruments measured at fair value at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, and their classification on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and Consolidated Statement of Income are as follows:
Consolidated Balance Sheet: Fair Value of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of dollars)
Type of
Contract
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
At June 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
Commodity
 
Accounts and notes receivable, net
 
$
20

 
$
200

Commodity
 
Long-term receivables, net
 
3

 
5

Total Assets at Fair Value
 
$
23

 
$
205

Commodity
 
Accounts payable
 
$
72

 
$
51

Commodity
 
Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
 
2

 
2

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
 
$
74

 
$
53


Consolidated Statement of Income: The Effect of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
Gain / (Loss)
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Gain / (Loss)
Six Months ended
June 30
Type of
Contract
 
Statement of Income Classification
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Commodity
 
Sales and other operating revenues
 
$
(145
)
 
$
(31
)
 
$
(171
)
 
$
(152
)
Commodity
 
Purchased crude oil and products
 
(17
)
 
(13
)
 
(21
)
 
1

Commodity
 
Other income
 
3

 
(4
)
 
2

 
(11
)
 
 
 
 
$
(159
)
 
$
(48
)
 
$
(190
)
 
$
(162
)

The table below represents gross and net derivative assets and liabilities subject to netting agreements on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015.
Consolidated Balance Sheet: The Effect of Netting Derivative Assets and Liabilities
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
Gross Amount Recognized
 
Gross Amounts Offset
 
Net Amounts Presented
 
 Gross Amounts Not Offset
 
Net Amount
At June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
1,290

 
$
1,267

 
$
23

 
$

 
$
23

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
1,341

 
$
1,267

 
$
74

 
$

 
$
74

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
2,459

 
$
2,254

 
$
205

 
$

 
$
205

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
2,307

 
$
2,254

 
$
53

 
$

 
$
53

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets and liabilities are classified on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as accounts and notes receivable, long-term receivables, accounts payable, and deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations. Amounts not offset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet represent positions that do not meet all the conditions for "a right of offset."


22

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 16. Restructuring and Reorganization Costs
The following table summarizes the accrued severance liability, which is classified as current on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
 
Amounts Before Tax
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1, 2016
$
293

Accruals/Adjustments
93

Payments
(218
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
$
168

 
 

Note 17. Long-Term Debt
In May 2016, the company issued $850 million in aggregate principal amount of floating rate notes due 2018, $1.350 billion in aggregate principal amount of 1.561 percent notes due 2019, $250 million in aggregate principal amount of floating rate notes due 2021, $1.350 billion in aggregate principal amount of 2.100 percent notes due 2021, $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 2.566 percent notes due 2023, and $2.250 billion in aggregate principal amount of 2.954 percent notes due 2026. In June 2016, $750 million of Chevron Corporation 0.889 percent notes were repaid at maturity.


23


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Second Quarter 2016 Compared with Second Quarter 2015

Key Financial Results
Earnings by Business Segment
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(1,113
)
 
$
(1,038
)
 
$
(1,963
)
 
$
(1,498
)
International
(1,349
)
 
(1,181
)
 
(1,958
)
 
839

Total Upstream
(2,462
)
 
(2,219
)
 
(3,921
)
 
(659
)
Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
537

 
731

 
784

 
1,437

International
741

 
2,225

 
1,229

 
2,942

Total Downstream
1,278

 
2,956

 
2,013

 
4,379

Total Segment Earnings
(1,184
)
 
737

 
(1,908
)
 
3,720

All Other
(286
)
 
(166
)
 
(287
)
 
(582
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation (1) (2)
$
(1,470
)
 
$
571

 
$
(2,195
)
 
$
3,138

_____________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Includes foreign currency effects
$
279

 
$
(251
)
 
$
(40
)
 
$
329

(2) Income net of tax; also referred to as “earnings” in the discussions that follow.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation for second quarter 2016 was a loss of $1.47 billion ($0.78 per share — diluted), compared with earnings of $571 million ($0.30 per share — diluted) in the corresponding 2015 period. The net loss attributable to Chevron Corporation for the first six months of 2016 was $2.20 billion ($1.17 per share — diluted), compared with earnings of $3.14 billion ($1.67 per share — diluted) in the first six months of 2015.
Upstream incurred a loss of $2.46 billion in second quarter 2016 compared with a loss of $2.22 billion a year earlier. The decrease was mainly due to lower crude oil and natural gas realizations, partially offset by lower exploration and operating expenses and favorable foreign currency effects. The loss for the first six months of 2016 was $3.92 billion compared with a loss of $659 million a year earlier. The decrease was due to lower crude oil and natural gas realizations, lower gains on asset sales, and higher tax items, partially offset by lower exploration and operating expenses.
Downstream earnings in second quarter 2016 were $1.28 billion compared with $2.96 billion in the corresponding 2015 period. Earnings for the first six months of 2016 were $2.01 billion compared with $4.38 billion in the corresponding 2015 period. The decrease in both comparison periods was due to lower gains on asset sales and lower margins on refined product sales.
Refer to pages 27 through 30 for additional discussion of results by business segment and “All Other” activities for second quarter and first six months of 2016 versus the same period in 2015.

Business Environment and Outlook
Chevron is a global energy company with substantial business activities in the following countries: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Nigeria, the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, Philippines, Republic of Congo, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Venezuela.
Earnings of the company depend mostly on the profitability of its upstream business segment. The biggest factor affecting the results of operations for the upstream segment is the price of crude oil. The price of crude oil has fallen significantly since mid-year 2014, reflecting persistently high global crude oil inventories and production.

24


The downturn in the price of crude oil has impacted and, depending upon its duration, will continue to significantly impact the company's results of operations, cash flows, leverage, capital and exploratory investment program and production outlook. A sustained lower price environment was a factor in certain impairments in second quarter 2016, and could result in the impairment or write-off of specific assets in future periods. The company is responding with reductions in operating expenses, including employee reductions, reductions in capital and exploratory expenditures in 2016 and future periods, and increased asset sales. The company anticipates that crude oil prices will increase in the future, as continued growth in demand and a slowing in supply growth should bring global markets into balance; however, the timing of any such increase is unknown. In the company's downstream business, crude oil is the largest cost component of refined products.
Refer to the "Cautionary Statement Relevant to Forward-Looking Information" on page 2 and to "Risk Factors" on pages 21 through 23 of the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of some of the inherent risks that could materially impact the company's results of operations or financial condition.
The company continually evaluates opportunities to dispose of assets that are not expected to provide sufficient long-term value or to acquire assets or operations complementary to its asset base to help augment the company’s financial performance and value growth. Refer to the "Results of Operations" section, beginning on page 27 for discussions of net gains on asset sales during 2016. Asset dispositions and restructurings may also occur in future periods and could result in significant gains or losses.
The company closely monitors developments in the financial and credit markets, the level of worldwide economic activity, and the implications for the company of movements in prices for crude oil and natural gas. Management takes these developments into account in the conduct of daily operations and for business planning.
Comments related to earnings trends for the company’s major business areas are as follows:
Upstream Earnings for the upstream segment are closely aligned with industry prices for crude oil and natural gas. Crude oil and natural gas prices are subject to external factors over which the company has no control, including product demand connected with global economic conditions, industry inventory levels, technology advancements, production quotas or other actions imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), actions of regulators, weather-related damage and disruptions, competing fuel prices, and regional supply interruptions or fears thereof that may be caused by military conflicts, civil unrest or political uncertainty. Any of these factors could also inhibit the company’s production capacity in an affected region. The company closely monitors developments in the countries in which it operates and holds investments, and seeks to manage risks in operating its facilities and businesses. The longer-term trend in earnings for the upstream segment is also a function of other factors, including the company’s ability to find or acquire and efficiently produce crude oil and natural gas, changes in fiscal terms of contracts, and changes in tax laws and regulations.
The company continues to actively manage its schedule of work, contracting, procurement and supply-chain activities to effectively manage costs. However, price levels for capital and exploratory costs and operating expenses associated with the production of crude oil and natural gas can be subject to external factors beyond the company’s control including, among other things, the general level of inflation, commodity prices and prices charged by the industry’s material and service providers, which can be affected by the volatility of the industry’s own supply-and-demand conditions for such materials and services. In recent years, Chevron and the oil and gas industry generally experienced an increase in certain costs that exceeded the general trend of inflation in many areas of the world. As a result of the decline in prices of crude oil and other commodities since mid-2014, these costs have declined. Capital and exploratory expenditures and operating expenses can also be affected by damage to production facilities caused by severe weather or civil unrest, delays in construction, or other factors.

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The chart on the previous page shows the trend in benchmark prices for Brent crude oil, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil, and U.S. Henry Hub natural gas. The Brent price averaged $52 per barrel for the full-year 2015. During 2016, Brent averaged $46 per barrel in the second quarter, $40 per barrel for the six-month period, and ended July at about $42. The majority of the company’s equity crude production is priced based on the Brent benchmark. Prices continued to firm through May 2016 amid ongoing reduction of oil and gas capital budgets, increased supply disruptions, and slowly declining non-OPEC supply. However, upside price movement remained constrained by ongoing increases in OPEC supplies as Iran ramped up production, and concerns grew over continued high crude and product inventories globally (and in the U.S. in particular). Prices softened in June and July 2016 as wildfire-related disruptions in Canada waned, OPEC reaffirmed its market-share-oriented production policy, and confidence in the economic outlook for Europe was shaken following the unexpected vote in the United Kingdom to leave the European Union.
The WTI price averaged $49 per barrel for the full-year 2015. During 2016, WTI averaged $46 per barrel in the second quarter, $40 per barrel for the six-month period, and ended July at about $42. WTI values traded at around parity to Brent throughout the second quarter of 2016 as market sentiment was alternately influenced by reported weekly U.S. production declines, fluctuating crude inventory levels at Cushing, seasonal refinery maintenance cycles, and the onset of recovery in U.S. oil rig counts.
A differential in crude oil prices exists between high quality (high-gravity, low-sulfur) crudes and those of lower quality (low-gravity, high-sulfur). The amount of the differential in any period is associated with the relative supply/demand balances for each crude type, which are functions of the capacity of refineries that are able to process each as feedstock into high-value light products (motor gasoline, jet fuel, aviation gasoline and diesel fuel). In the second quarter of 2016, the differential increased slightly in North America as gains in heavy crude values from planned and unplanned supply outages in Canada were offset by increasing support for light sweet crude oil pricing from declining U.S. production and strong demand amid high U.S. refinery runs. Outside of North America, differentials contracted as high refinery maintenance in Europe dampened demand for light sweet crude in the Atlantic Basin, while rising output from Iran and other Middle East producers maintained pressure on heavier, more sour crudes.
Chevron produces or shares in the production of heavy crude oil in California, Indonesia, the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, Venezuela and in certain fields in Angola, China and the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea. (See page 33 for the company’s average U.S. and international crude oil realizations.)
In contrast to price movements in the global market for crude oil, price changes for natural gas in many regional markets are more closely aligned with supply-and-demand conditions in those markets. Fluctuations in the price for natural gas in the United States are closely associated with customer demand relative to the volumes produced in North America. In the United States, prices at Henry Hub averaged $2.02 per thousand cubic feet (MCF) for the first six months of 2016, compared with $2.82 during the first six months of 2015. At the end of July 2016, the Henry Hub spot price was $2.95 per MCF.
Outside the United States, price changes for natural gas depend on a wide range of supply, demand and regulatory circumstances. Chevron sells natural gas into the domestic pipeline market in most locations. In some locations, Chevron is investing in long-term projects to install infrastructure to produce and liquefy natural gas for transport by tanker to other markets. The company's long-term contract prices for liquefied natural gas (LNG) are typically linked to crude oil prices. Approximately 85 percent of the equity LNG offtake from the operated Australian LNG projects is targeted to be sold into binding long-term contracts, with the remainder to be sold in the Asian spot LNG market. The Asian spot market reflects the supply and demand for LNG in the Pacific Basin and is not directly linked to crude oil prices. International natural gas realizations averaged $3.92 per MCF during the first six months of 2016, compared with $4.75 per MCF in the same period last year. (See page 33 for the company’s average natural gas realizations for the U.S. and international regions.)
The company’s worldwide net oil-equivalent production in the first six months of 2016 averaged 2.597 million barrels per day. About one-fourth of the company’s net oil-equivalent production in the first six months of 2016 occurred in the OPEC-member countries of Angola, Indonesia, Nigeria and Venezuela. OPEC quotas had no effect on the company’s net crude oil production for the second quarter of 2016 or 2015.
The company estimates that net oil-equivalent production for the full-year 2016 will be near the bottom of the previously-reported guidance range of flat to 4 percent growth compared to 2015. Estimated full-year production has been unfavorably impacted by the continued shut-in of production in the Partitioned Zone, start-up issues at the Gorgon Project and the effect of other external events. This estimate is subject to many factors and uncertainties, including the duration of the low price environment that began in second-half 2014; quotas or other actions that may be imposed by OPEC; price effects on entitlement volumes; changes in fiscal terms or restrictions on the scope of company operations; delays in construction, start-up or ramp-up of projects;

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fluctuations in demand for natural gas in various markets; weather conditions that may shut in production; civil unrest; changing geopolitics; delays in completion of maintenance turnarounds; greater-than-expected declines in production from mature fields; or other disruptions to operations. The outlook for future production levels is also affected by the size and number of economic investment opportunities and, for new, large-scale projects, the time lag between initial exploration and the beginning of production. Investments in upstream projects generally begin well in advance of the start of the associated crude oil and natural gas production. A significant majority of Chevron’s upstream investment is made outside the United States.
In the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, production was shut-in beginning in May 2015 as a result of difficulties in securing work and equipment permits. Net oil-equivalent production in the Partitioned Zone in 2014 was 81,000 barrels per day. During 2015, net oil-equivalent production averaged 28,000 barrels per day. As of mid-2016, production remained shut-in, and the exact timing of a production restart is uncertain and dependent on dispute resolution between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The financial effects from the loss of production in 2015 were not significant and are not expected to be significant in 2016.
Refer to the “Results of Operations” section on pages 28 and 29 for additional discussion of the company’s upstream business.
Downstream Earnings for the downstream segment are closely tied to margins on the refining, manufacturing and marketing of products that include gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, lubricants, fuel oil, fuel and lubricant additives, and petrochemicals. Industry margins are sometimes volatile and can be affected by the global and regional supply-and-demand balance for refined products and petrochemicals, and by changes in the price of crude oil, other refinery and petrochemical feedstocks, and natural gas. Industry margins can also be influenced by inventory levels, geopolitical events, costs of materials and services, refinery or chemical plant capacity utilization, maintenance programs, and disruptions at refineries or chemical plants resulting from unplanned outages due to severe weather, fires or other operational events.
Other factors affecting profitability for downstream operations include the reliability and efficiency of the company’s refining, marketing and petrochemical assets, the effectiveness of its crude oil and product supply functions, and the volatility of tanker-charter rates for the company’s shipping operations, which are driven by the industry’s demand for crude oil and product tankers. Other factors beyond the company’s control include the general level of inflation and energy costs to operate the company’s refining, marketing and petrochemical assets.
The company’s most significant marketing areas are the West Coast of North America, the U.S. Gulf Coast, Asia and southern Africa. Chevron operates or has significant ownership interests in refineries in each of these areas.
Refer to the “Results of Operations” section on page 29 and 30 for additional discussion of the company’s downstream operations.
All Other consists of worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.

Operating Developments
Noteworthy operating developments in recent months included the following:
Angola — Restarted LNG production and cargo shipments at the Angola LNG plant.
Australia — Restarted LNG production and cargo shipments from Train 1 at the Gorgon Project.
China — Achieved start-up of the third train at the Chuandongbei Project.
Kazakhstan — Announced final investment decision on the Future Growth and Wellhead Pressure Management Project at the company’s 50 percent-owned affiliate, Tengizchevroil, which is expected to increase crude oil production at the Tengiz Field by about 260,000 barrels per day.
Results of Operations
Business Segments The following section presents the results of operations and variances on an after-tax basis for the company’s business segments — Upstream and Downstream — as well as for “All Other.” (Refer to Note 6, beginning on page 10, for a discussion of the company’s “reportable segments,” as defined under the accounting standards for segment reporting.)

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Upstream
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
U.S. Upstream Earnings
$
(1,113
)
 
$
(1,038
)
 
$