10-Q 1 cvx-09302015x10qdoc.htm 10-Q 10-Q

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
þ    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015
or
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 001-00368
Chevron Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-0890210
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
6001 Bollinger Canyon Road,
San Ramon, California
 
94583-2324
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (925) 842-1000
NONE
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  o       No  þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class
 
Outstanding as of September 30, 2015
Common stock, $.75 par value
 
1,882,036,704
 



INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
2
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015, and 2014
3
 
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015, and 2014
4
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014
5
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015, and 2014
6
 
7-23
Item 2.
24-37
Item 3.
37
Item 4.
37
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
38
Item 1A.
38
Item 2.
39
Item 4.
39
Item 5.
Other Information
39
Item 6.
40
41
Exhibits:
Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
43
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications
44-45
Rule 13a-14(b)/15d-14(b) Certifications
46-47

1


CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS RELEVANT TO FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
FOR THE PURPOSE OF “SAFE HARBOR” PROVISIONS OF THE
PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Chevron Corporation contains forward-looking statements relating to Chevron’s operations that are based on management’s current expectations, estimates and projections about the petroleum, chemicals and other energy-related industries. Words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “believes,” “seeks,” “schedules,” “estimates,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “budgets,” “outlook,” “on schedule,” “on track” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the company’s control and are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. Unless legally required, Chevron undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are: changing crude oil and natural gas prices; changing refining, marketing and chemicals margins; the company's ability to realize anticipated cost savings and expenditure reductions; actions of competitors or regulators; timing of exploration expenses; timing of crude oil liftings; the competitiveness of alternate-energy sources or product substitutes; technological developments; the results of operations and financial condition of equity affiliates; the inability or failure of the company’s joint-venture partners to fund their share of operations and development activities; the potential failure to achieve expected net production from existing and future crude oil and natural gas development projects; potential delays in the development, construction or start-up of planned projects; the potential disruption or interruption of the company’s business, production or manufacturing facilities or delivery/transportation networks due to war, accidents, political events, civil unrest, severe weather, cyber threats and terrorist acts, other natural or human factors, or crude oil production quotas that might be imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; the potential liability for remedial actions or assessments under existing or future environmental regulations and litigation; significant investment or product changes required by existing or future environmental statutes, regulations and litigation; the potential liability resulting from other pending or future litigation; the company’s future acquisition or disposition of assets and gains and losses from asset dispositions or impairments; government-mandated sales, divestitures, recapitalizations, industry-specific taxes, changes in fiscal terms or restrictions on scope of company operations; foreign currency movements compared with the U.S. dollar; the effects of changed accounting rules under generally accepted accounting principles promulgated by rule-setting bodies; and the factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” on pages 22 through 24 of the company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition, such results could be affected by general domestic and international economic and political conditions. Other unpredictable or unknown factors not discussed in this report could also have material adverse effects on forward-looking statements.


2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Consolidated Financial Statements
CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
Revenues and Other Income
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and other operating revenues*
$
32,767

 
$
51,822

 
$
101,911

 
$
158,383

Income from equity affiliates
1,195

 
1,912

 
3,765

 
5,543

Other income
353

 
945

 
3,554

 
1,956

Total Revenues and Other Income
34,315

 
54,679

 
109,230

 
165,882

Costs and Other Deductions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased crude oil and products
17,447

 
30,741

 
55,181

 
95,408

Operating expenses
5,592

 
6,403

 
17,064

 
18,713

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,026

 
1,122

 
3,140

 
3,126

Exploration expenses
315

 
366

 
1,982

 
1,475

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
4,268

 
3,948

 
15,637

 
11,920

Taxes other than on income*
2,883

 
3,236

 
9,174

 
9,422

Total Costs and Other Deductions
31,531

 
45,816

 
102,178

 
140,064

Income Before Income Tax Expense
2,784

 
8,863

 
7,052

 
25,818

Income Tax Expense
727

 
3,236

 
1,787

 
9,980

Net Income
2,057

 
5,627

 
5,265

 
15,838

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
20

 
34

 
90

 
68

Net Income Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
2,037

 
$
5,593

 
$
5,175

 
$
15,770

Per Share of Common Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income Attributable to Chevron Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
$
1.09

 
$
2.97

 
$
2.77

 
$
8.35

— Diluted
$
1.09

 
$
2.95

 
$
2.76

 
$
8.29

Dividends
$
1.07

 
$
1.07

 
$
3.21

 
$
3.14

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding (000s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
1,868,444

 
1,880,915

 
1,867,560

 
1,887,778

— Diluted
1,872,420

 
1,896,492

 
1,875,193

 
1,902,698

_____________________________________________________________
* Includes excise, value-added and similar taxes:
$
1,800

 
$
2,116

 
$
5,642

 
$
6,182









See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Net Income
$
2,057

 
$
5,627

 
$
5,265

 
$
15,838

Currency translation adjustment
(16
)
 
(19
)
 
(35
)
 
(49
)
Unrealized holding (loss) gain on securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) gain arising during period
(18
)
 
(4
)
 
(24
)
 
4

Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net derivatives loss on hedge transactions

 

 

 
(66
)
Reclassification to net income of net realized gain

 

 

 
(17
)
Income tax benefit on derivatives transactions

 

 

 
29

Total

 

 

 
(54
)
Defined benefit plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net actuarial and settlement losses
204

 
125

 
548

 
350

Prior service cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net prior service costs
5

 
6

 
19

 
19

Defined benefit plans sponsored by equity affiliates
7

 
6

 
34

 
18

Income tax expense on defined benefit plans
(80
)
 
(55
)
 
(232
)
 
(147
)
Total
136

 
82

 
369

 
240

Other Comprehensive Gain, Net of Tax
102

 
59

 
310

 
141

Comprehensive Income
2,159

 
5,686

 
5,575

 
15,979

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(20
)
 
(34
)
 
(90
)
 
(68
)
Comprehensive Income Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
2,139

 
$
5,652

 
$
5,485

 
$
15,911




See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
 
At September 30
2015
 
At December 31
2014
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
ASSETS
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
12,933

 
$
12,785

Time deposits

 
8

Marketable securities
306

 
422

Accounts and notes receivable, net
14,240

 
16,736

Inventories
 
 
 
Crude oil and petroleum products
4,048

 
3,854

Chemicals
439

 
467

Materials, supplies and other
2,377

 
2,184

Total inventories
6,864

 
6,505

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
5,476

 
5,776

Total Current Assets
39,819

 
42,232

Long-term receivables, net
2,436

 
2,817

Investments and advances
26,710

 
26,912

Properties, plant and equipment, at cost
340,558

 
327,289

Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
153,153

 
144,116

Properties, plant and equipment, net
187,405

 
183,173

Deferred charges and other assets
6,593

 
6,299

Goodwill
4,588

 
4,593

Assets held for sale
898

 

Total Assets
$
268,449

 
$
266,026

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
Short-term debt
$
6,580

 
$
3,790

Accounts payable
15,307

 
19,000

Accrued liabilities
5,062

 
5,328

Federal and other taxes on income
2,039

 
2,575

Other taxes payable
1,156

 
1,233

Total Current Liabilities
30,144

 
31,926

Long-term debt
29,210

 
23,960

Capital lease obligations
86

 
68

Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
23,129

 
23,549

Noncurrent deferred income taxes
21,869

 
21,920

Noncurrent employee benefit plans
8,073

 
8,412

Total Liabilities
112,511

 
109,835

Preferred stock (authorized 100,000,000 shares, $1.00 par value, none issued)

 

Common stock (authorized 6,000,000,000 shares; $0.75 par value;
     2,442,676,580 shares issued at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014)
1,832

 
1,832

Capital in excess of par value
16,254

 
16,041

Retained earnings
184,167

 
184,987

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,549
)
 
(4,859
)
Deferred compensation and benefit plan trust
(240
)
 
(240
)
Treasury stock, at cost (560,639,876 and 563,027,772 shares at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively)
(42,552
)
 
(42,733
)
Total Chevron Corporation Stockholders’ Equity
154,912

 
155,028

Noncontrolling interests
1,026

 
1,163

Total Equity
155,938

 
156,191

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
268,449

 
$
266,026


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net Income
$
5,265

 
$
15,838

Adjustments
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
15,637

 
11,920

Dry hole expense
1,265

 
622

Distributions less than income from equity affiliates
(576
)
 
(1,505
)
Net before-tax gains on asset retirements and sales
(3,104
)
 
(1,516
)
Net foreign currency effects
(34
)
 
(61
)
Deferred income tax provision
(478
)
 
474

Net increase in operating working capital
(2,321
)
 
(376
)
Increase in long-term receivables
(92
)
 
(75
)
Net decrease (increase) in other deferred charges
92

 
(59
)
Cash contributions to employee pension plans
(719
)
 
(227
)
Other
(36
)
 
(57
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
14,899

 
24,978

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(22,055
)
 
(25,739
)
Proceeds and deposits related to asset sales
5,408

 
2,588

Net sales of time deposits
8

 

Net sales of marketable securities
122

 
1

Net (borrowing) repayment of loans by equity affiliates
(147
)
 
66

Net sales (purchases) of other short-term investments
64

 
(67
)
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities
(16,600
)
 
(23,151
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net borrowings of short-term obligations
2,049

 
5,294

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
5,989

 

Repayments of long-term debt and other financing obligations
(22
)
 
(27
)
Cash dividends — common stock
(5,993
)
 
(5,926
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(122
)
 
(18
)
Net sales (purchases) of treasury shares
158

 
(3,174
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities
2,059

 
(3,851
)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(210
)
 
(6
)
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
148

 
(2,030
)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at January 1
12,785

 
16,245

Cash and Cash Equivalents at September 30
$
12,933

 
$
14,215







See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1. Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of Chevron Corporation and its subsidiaries (the company) have not been audited by an independent registered public accounting firm. In the opinion of the company’s management, the interim data includes all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. These adjustments were of a normal recurring nature. The results for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, are not necessarily indicative of future financial results. The term “earnings” is defined as net income attributable to Chevron Corporation.
Certain notes and other information have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Note 2. Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses
The change in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses (AOCL) presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and the impact of significant amounts reclassified from AOCL on information presented in the Consolidated Statement of Income for the nine months ending September 30, 2015, are reflected in the table below.
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) by Component (1) 
(Millions of Dollars)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
 
 
Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Unrealized Holding Gains (Losses) on Securities
 
Derivatives
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Total
 
 

Balance at January 1
 
$
(96
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4,753
)
 
$
(4,859
)
Components of Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Before Reclassifications
 
(35
)
 
(24
)
 

 
15

 
(44
)
    Reclassifications (2)
 

 

 

 
354

 
354

Net Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
(35
)
 
(24
)
 

 
369

 
310

Balance at September 30
 
$
(131
)
 
$
(32
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4,384
)
 
$
(4,549
)
______________________
(1) All amounts are net of tax.
(2) Refer to Note 10, Employee Benefits for reclassified components totaling $567 million that are included in employee benefit costs for the nine months ending September 30, 2015. Related income taxes for the same period, totaling $213 million, are reflected in Income Tax Expense on the Consolidated Statement of Income. All other reclassified amounts were insignificant.
 
Note 3. Noncontrolling Interests
Ownership interests in the company’s subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent are presented separately from the parent’s equity on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and the noncontrolling interests are both presented on the face of the Consolidated Statement of Income.
Activity for the equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the first nine months of 2015 and 2014 is as follows:
 
2015
 
2014
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1
$
155,028

 
$
1,163

 
$
156,191

 
$
149,113

 
$
1,314

 
$
150,427

Net income
5,175

 
90

 
5,265

 
15,770

 
68

 
15,838

Dividends
(5,995
)
 

 
(5,995
)
 
(5,929
)
 

 
(5,929
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 
(122
)
 
(122
)
 

 
(18
)
 
(18
)
Treasury shares, net
181

 

 
181

 
(3,210
)
 

 
(3,210
)
Other changes, net*
523

 
(105
)
 
418

 
396

 
(197
)
 
199

Balance at September 30
$
154,912

 
$
1,026

 
$
155,938

 
$
156,140

 
$
1,167

 
$
157,307

 _________________________________
* Includes components of comprehensive income, which are disclosed separately in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

7

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 4. Information Relating to the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
The “Net increase in operating working capital” was composed of the following operating changes:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Decrease in accounts and notes receivable
$
2,337

 
$
1,388

Increase in inventories
(445
)
 
(931
)
Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets
167

 
237

Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(3,769
)
 
(946
)
Decrease in income and other taxes payable
(611
)
 
(124
)
Net increase in operating working capital
$
(2,321
)
 
$
(376
)
The “Net increase in operating working capital” includes reductions of $14 million and $55 million for excess income tax benefits associated with stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, and 2014, respectively. These amounts are offset by an equal amount in “Net sales (purchases) of treasury shares.”
“Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities” included the following cash payments for income taxes:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Income taxes
$
4,081

 
$
8,625

"Depreciation, depletion and amortization," "Dry hole expense," "Deferred income tax provision," "Net decrease (increase) in other deferred charges" and "Other" collectively include $2.6 billion in non-cash reductions to properties, plant and equipment recorded in second quarter 2015 relating to impairments and project suspensions and associated adverse tax effects, all of which stem from a downward revision in the company's longer-term crude oil price outlook.
"Other" includes changes in postretirement benefits obligations and other long-term liabilities.
Information related to "Restricted Cash" is included on page 21 in Note 13 under the heading "Restricted Cash."
The “Net sales of time deposits” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Time deposits purchased
$

 
$
(317
)
Time deposits matured
8

 
317

Net sales of time deposits
$
8

 
$

The “Net sales of marketable securities” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Marketable securities purchased
$
(6
)
 
$
(11
)
Marketable securities sold
128

 
12

Net sales of marketable securities
$
122

 
$
1

The “Net sales (purchases) of treasury shares” represents the cost of common shares acquired less the cost of shares issued for share-based compensation plans. Purchases totaled $1 million for the first nine months in 2015 and $3.8 billion for the first nine months in 2014. No purchases were made under the company's share repurchase program in the first nine months of 2015. During the first nine months of 2014, the company purchased 30.6 million common shares under the program for $3.7 billion.

8

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The major components of “Capital expenditures” and the reconciliation of this amount to the capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates, are as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Additions to properties, plant and equipment
$
21,273

 
$
25,094

Additions to investments
382

 
341

Current year dry hole expenditures
400

 
320

Payments for other liabilities and assets, net

 
(16
)
Capital expenditures
22,055

 
25,739

Expensed exploration expenditures
717

 
853

Assets acquired through capital lease obligations
44

 
12

Capital and exploratory expenditures, excluding equity affiliates
22,816

 
26,604

Company’s share of expenditures by equity affiliates
2,456

 
2,422

Capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates
$
25,272

 
$
29,026


Note 5. Operating Segments and Geographic Data
Although each subsidiary of Chevron is responsible for its own affairs, Chevron Corporation manages its investments in these subsidiaries and their affiliates. The investments are grouped into two business segments, Upstream and Downstream, representing the company’s “reportable segments” and “operating segments.” Upstream operations consist primarily of exploring for, developing and producing crude oil and natural gas; liquefaction, transportation and regasification associated with liquefied natural gas (LNG); transporting crude oil by major international oil export pipelines; processing, transporting, storage and marketing of natural gas; and a gas-to-liquids plant. Downstream operations consist primarily of refining of crude oil into petroleum products; marketing of crude oil and refined products; transporting of crude oil and refined products by pipeline, marine vessel, motor equipment and rail car; and manufacturing and marketing of commodity petrochemicals, plastics for industrial uses, and fuel and lubricant additives. All Other activities of the company include worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
The segments are separately managed for investment purposes under a structure that includes “segment managers” who report to the company’s “chief operating decision maker” (CODM). The CODM is the company’s Executive Committee (EXCOM), a committee of senior officers that includes the Chief Executive Officer. EXCOM reports to the Board of Directors of Chevron Corporation.
The operating segments represent components of the company that engage in activities (a) from which revenues are earned and expenses are incurred; (b) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the CODM, which makes decisions about resources to be allocated to the segments and assesses their performance; and (c) for which discrete financial information is available.
Segment managers for the reportable segments are directly accountable to, and maintain regular contact with, the company’s CODM to discuss the segment’s operating activities and financial performance. The CODM approves annual capital and exploratory budgets at the reportable segment level, as well as reviews capital and exploratory funding for major projects and approves major changes to the annual capital and exploratory budgets. However, business-unit managers within the operating segments are directly responsible for decisions relating to project implementation and all other matters connected with daily operations. Company officers who are members of the EXCOM also have individual management responsibilities and participate in other committees for purposes other than acting as the CODM.
The company’s primary country of operation is the United States of America, its country of domicile. Other components of the company’s operations are reported as “International” (outside the United States).

9

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Earnings The company evaluates the performance of its operating segments on an after-tax basis, without considering the effects of debt financing interest expense or investment interest income, both of which are managed by the company on a worldwide basis. Corporate administrative costs and assets are not allocated to the operating segments. However, operating segments are billed for the direct use of corporate services. Nonbillable costs remain at the corporate level in “All Other.” Earnings by major operating area for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, and 2014, are presented in the following table:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Segment Earnings
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(603
)
 
$
929

 
$
(2,101
)
 
$
2,895

International
662

 
3,720

 
1,501

 
11,325

Total Upstream
59

 
4,649

 
(600
)
 
14,220

Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
1,249

 
809

 
2,686

 
1,748

International
962

 
578

 
3,904

 
1,070

Total Downstream
2,211

 
1,387

 
6,590

 
2,818

Total Segment Earnings
2,270

 
6,036

 
5,990

 
17,038

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest Income
16

 
16

 
49

 
54

Other
(249
)
 
(459
)
 
(864
)
 
(1,322
)
Net Income Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
2,037

 
$
5,593

 
$
5,175

 
$
15,770

Segment Assets Segment assets do not include intercompany investments or intercompany receivables. “All Other” assets consist primarily of worldwide cash, cash equivalents, time deposits and marketable securities; real estate; information systems; technology companies; and assets of the corporate administrative functions. Segment assets at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, are as follows: 
Segment Assets
At September 30
2015
 
At December 31
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
United States
$
48,638

 
$
49,205

International
159,833

 
152,736

Goodwill
4,588

 
4,593

Total Upstream
213,059

 
206,534

Downstream
 
 
 
United States
21,579

 
23,068

International
16,229

 
17,723

Total Downstream
37,808

 
40,791

Total Segment Assets
250,867

 
247,325

All Other
 
 
 
United States
5,304

 
6,741

International
12,278

 
11,960

Total All Other
17,582

 
18,701

Total Assets — United States
75,521

 
79,014

Total Assets — International
188,340

 
182,419

Goodwill
4,588

 
4,593

Total Assets
$
268,449

 
$
266,026


10

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Sales and Other Operating Revenues Segment sales and other operating revenues, including internal transfers, for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, and 2014, are presented in the following table. Products are transferred between operating segments at internal product values that approximate market prices. Revenues for the upstream segment are derived primarily from the production and sale of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the sale of third-party production of natural gas. Revenues for the downstream segment are derived from the refining and marketing of petroleum products such as gasoline, jet fuel, gas oils, lubricants, residual fuel oils and other products derived from crude oil. This segment also generates revenues from the manufacture and sale of fuel and lubricant additives and the transportation and trading of refined products and crude oil. “All Other” activities include revenues from insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 Sales and Other Operating Revenues
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
3,207

 
$
5,676

 
$
10,089

 
$
18,386

International
6,540

 
12,084

 
21,163

 
37,419

Subtotal
9,747

 
17,760

 
31,252

 
55,805

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(2,165
)
 
(4,127
)
 
(6,829
)
 
(12,319
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(2,774
)
 
(6,317
)
 
(9,047
)
 
(18,676
)
Total Upstream
4,808

 
7,316

 
15,376

 
24,810

Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
13,795

 
20,623

 
41,336

 
62,043

International
14,484

 
26,071

 
46,326

 
78,474

Subtotal
28,279

 
46,694

 
87,662

 
140,517

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(6
)
 
(6
)
 
(20
)
 
(18
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(360
)
 
(2,252
)
 
(1,222
)
 
(7,146
)
Total Downstream
27,913

 
44,436

 
86,420

 
133,353

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
413

 
474

 
1,176

 
1,349

International
13

 
11

 
30

 
24

Subtotal
426

 
485

 
1,206

 
1,373

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(368
)
 
(404
)
 
(1,065
)
 
(1,130
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(12
)
 
(11
)
 
(26
)
 
(23
)
Total All Other
46

 
70

 
115

 
220

Sales and Other Operating Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
17,415

 
26,773

 
52,601

 
81,778

International
21,037

 
38,166

 
67,519

 
115,917

Subtotal
38,452

 
64,939

 
120,120

 
197,695

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(2,539
)
 
(4,537
)
 
(7,914
)
 
(13,467
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(3,146
)
 
(8,580
)
 
(10,295
)
 
(25,845
)
Total Sales and Other Operating Revenues
$
32,767

 
$
51,822

 
$
101,911

 
$
158,383



Note 6. Summarized Financial Data — Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (CUSA) is a major subsidiary of Chevron Corporation. CUSA and its subsidiaries manage and operate most of Chevron’s U.S. businesses. Assets include those related to the exploration and production of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids and those associated with refining, marketing, and supply and distribution of products derived from petroleum, excluding most of the regulated pipeline operations of Chevron. CUSA also holds the company’s investment in the Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC joint venture, which is accounted for using the equity method.

11

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The summarized financial information for CUSA and its consolidated subsidiaries is as follows:

Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Sales and other operating revenues
$
77,434

 
$
124,957

   Costs and other deductions
78,116

 
120,977

   Net income attributable to CUSA
424

 
3,697

 
At September 30
2015
 
At December 31
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Current assets
$
11,427

 
$
13,724

   Other assets
60,978

 
62,195

   Current liabilities
11,963

 
16,191

   Other liabilities
30,512

 
30,175

   Total CUSA net equity
$
29,930

 
$
29,553

   Memo: Total debt
$
14,466

 
$
14,473


Note 7. Summarized Financial Data — Tengizchevroil LLP
Chevron has a 50 percent equity ownership interest in Tengizchevroil LLP (TCO). Summarized financial information for 100 percent of TCO is presented in the following table:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)

   Sales and other operating revenues
$
10,215

 
$
18,628

   Costs and other deductions
5,779

 
8,112

   Net income attributable to TCO
3,109

 
7,360


Note 8. Income Taxes
Taxes on income for the third quarter and first nine months of 2015 were $0.7 billion and $1.8 billion, respectively, compared with $3.2 billion and $10.0 billion for the corresponding periods in 2014. The associated effective tax rates (calculated as the amount of Income Tax Expense divided by Income Before Income Tax Expense) for the third quarters of 2015 and 2014 were 26 percent and 37 percent, respectively. For the comparative nine-month periods, the effective tax rates were 25 percent and 39 percent, respectively.
The decrease in the effective tax rate between the quarterly periods primarily resulted from the effects of equity earnings, foreign currency remeasurement and one-time tax benefits, partially offset by the effects of valuation allowances recognized on deferred tax assets. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the nine-month comparative period was primarily due to the effects of equity earnings, foreign currency remeasurement, a reduction in statutory tax rates in the United Kingdom and jurisdictional mix, partially offset by the effects of valuation allowances recognized on deferred tax assets.
Tax positions for Chevron and its subsidiaries and affiliates are subject to income tax audits by many tax jurisdictions throughout the world. For the company’s major tax jurisdictions, examinations of tax returns for certain prior tax years had not been completed as of September 30, 2015. For these jurisdictions, the latest years for which income tax examinations had been finalized were as follows: United States — 2008, Nigeria — 2000, Angola — 2001, Saudi Arabia — 2012 and Kazakhstan — 2007.
The company engages in ongoing discussions with tax authorities regarding the resolution of tax matters in the various jurisdictions. Both the outcomes for these tax matters and the timing of resolution and/or closure of the tax audits are highly uncertain. However, it is reasonably possible that developments regarding tax matters in certain tax jurisdictions may result in significant increases or decreases in the company’s total unrecognized tax

12

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


benefits within the next 12 months. Given the number of years that still remain subject to examination and the number of matters being examined in the various tax jurisdictions, the company is unable to estimate the range of possible adjustments to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits.

Note 9. Assets Held For Sale
At September 30, 2015, the company classified $898 million of net properties, plant and equipment as “Assets held for sale” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. These assets are associated with upstream and downstream operations that are anticipated to be sold in the next 12 months. The revenues and earnings contributions of these assets in 2014 and nine months of 2015 were not material.

Note 10. Employee Benefits
Chevron has defined benefit pension plans for many employees. The company typically prefunds defined benefit plans as required by local regulations or in certain situations where prefunding provides economic advantages. In the United States, all qualified plans are subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act minimum funding standard. The company does not typically fund U.S. nonqualified pension plans that are not subject to funding requirements under laws and regulations because contributions to these pension plans may be less economic and investment returns may be less attractive than the company’s other investment alternatives.
The company also sponsors other postretirement employee benefit (OPEB) plans that provide medical and dental benefits, as well as life insurance for some active and qualifying retired employees. The plans are unfunded, and the company and the retirees share the costs. Medical coverage for Medicare-eligible retirees in the company’s
main U.S. medical plan is secondary to Medicare (including Part D) and the increase to the company contribution for retiree medical coverage is limited to no more than 4 percent each year. Certain life insurance benefits are paid by the company.
The components of net periodic benefit costs for 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Pension Benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
135

 
$
113

 
$
404

 
$
338

Interest cost
125

 
124

 
376

 
371

Expected return on plan assets
(195
)
 
(197
)
 
(587
)
 
(591
)
Amortization of prior service credits
(3
)
 
(3
)
 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Amortization of actuarial losses
89

 
52

 
267

 
157

Settlement losses
87

 
48

 
195

 
114

Total United States
238

 
137

 
648

 
382

International
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
46

 
46

 
140

 
143

Interest cost
68

 
84

 
209

 
257

Expected return on plan assets
(66
)
 
(75
)
 
(196
)
 
(227
)
Amortization of prior service costs
5

 
6

 
16

 
16

Amortization of actuarial losses
19

 
23

 
60

 
74

Total International
72

 
84

 
229

 
263

Net Periodic Pension Benefit Costs
$
310

 
$
221

 
$
877

 
$
645

Other Benefits*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
18

 
$
13

 
$
54

 
$
38

Interest cost
37

 
37

 
112

 
112

Amortization of prior service costs
3

 
3

 
10

 
10

Amortization of actuarial losses
9

 
2

 
26

 
5

Net Periodic Other Benefit Costs
$
67

 
$
55

 
$
202

 
$
165

__________________________
* Includes costs for U.S. and international OPEB plans. Obligations for plans outside the United States are not significant relative to the company’s total OPEB obligation.

13

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)



At the end of 2014, the company estimated it would contribute $600 million to employee pension plans during 2015 (composed of $350 million for the U.S. plans and $250 million for the international plans). Through September 30, 2015, a total of $719 million was contributed (including $600 million to the U.S. plans). Total contributions for the full year are currently estimated to be $850 million ($600 million for the U.S. plans and $250 million for the international plans). Actual contribution amounts are dependent upon plan investment returns, changes in pension obligations, regulatory requirements and other economic factors. Additional funding may ultimately be required if investment returns are insufficient to offset increases in plan obligations.
During the first nine months of 2015, the company contributed $148 million to its OPEB plans. The company anticipates contributing approximately $50 million during the remainder of 2015.

Note 11. Litigation
MTBE Chevron and many other companies in the petroleum industry have used methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as a gasoline additive. Chevron is a party to seven pending lawsuits and claims, the majority of which involve numerous other petroleum marketers and refiners. Resolution of these lawsuits and claims may ultimately require the company to correct or ameliorate the alleged effects on the environment of prior release of MTBE by the company or other parties. Additional lawsuits and claims related to the use of MTBE, including personal-injury claims, may be filed in the future. The company’s ultimate exposure related to pending lawsuits and claims is not determinable. The company no longer uses MTBE in the manufacture of gasoline in the United States.
Ecuador
Background. Chevron is a defendant in a civil lawsuit initiated in the Superior Court of Nueva Loja in Lago Agrio, Ecuador, in May 2003 by plaintiffs who claim to be representatives of certain residents of an area where an oil production consortium formerly had operations. The lawsuit alleges damage to the environment from the oil exploration and production operations and seeks unspecified damages to fund environmental remediation and restoration of the alleged environmental harm, plus a health monitoring program. Until 1992, Texaco Petroleum Company (Texpet), a subsidiary of Texaco Inc., was a minority member of this consortium with Petroecuador, the Ecuadorian state-owned oil company, as the majority partner; since 1990, the operations have been conducted solely by Petroecuador. At the conclusion of the consortium and following an independent third-party environmental audit of the concession area, Texpet entered into a formal agreement with the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador for Texpet to remediate specific sites assigned by the government in proportion to Texpet’s ownership share of the consortium. Pursuant to that agreement, Texpet conducted a three-year remediation program at a cost of $40 million. After certifying that the sites were properly remediated, the government granted Texpet and all related corporate entities a full release from any and all environmental liability arising from the consortium operations.
Based on the history described above, Chevron believes that this lawsuit lacks legal or factual merit. As to matters of law, the company believes first, that the court lacks jurisdiction over Chevron; second, that the law under which plaintiffs bring the action, enacted in 1999, cannot be applied retroactively; third, that the claims are barred by the statute of limitations in Ecuador; and, fourth, that the lawsuit is also barred by the releases from liability previously given to Texpet by the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador and by the pertinent provincial and municipal governments. With regard to the facts, the company believes that the evidence confirms that Texpet’s remediation was properly conducted and that the remaining environmental damage reflects Petroecuador’s failure to timely fulfill its legal obligations and Petroecuador’s further conduct since assuming full control over the operations.
Lago Agrio Judgment. In 2008, a mining engineer appointed by the court to identify and determine the cause of environmental damage, and to specify steps needed to remediate it, issued a report recommending that the court assess $18.9 billion, which would, according to the engineer, provide financial compensation for purported damages, including wrongful death claims, and pay for, among other items, environmental remediation, health care systems and additional infrastructure for Petroecuador. The engineer’s report also asserted that an additional $8.4 billion could be assessed against Chevron for unjust enrichment. In 2009, following the disclosure by

14

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Chevron of evidence that the judge participated in meetings in which businesspeople and individuals holding themselves out as government officials discussed the case and its likely outcome, the judge presiding over the case was recused. In 2010, Chevron moved to strike the mining engineer’s report and to dismiss the case based on evidence obtained through discovery in the United States indicating that the report was prepared by consultants for the plaintiffs before being presented as the mining engineer’s independent and impartial work and showing further evidence of misconduct. In August 2010, the judge issued an order stating that he was not bound by the mining engineer’s report and requiring the parties to provide their positions on damages within 45 days. Chevron subsequently petitioned for recusal of the judge, claiming that he had disregarded evidence of fraud and misconduct and that he had failed to rule on a number of motions within the statutory time requirement.
In September 2010, Chevron submitted its position on damages, asserting that no amount should be assessed against it. The plaintiffs’ submission, which relied in part on the mining engineer’s report, took the position that damages are between approximately $16 billion and $76 billion and that unjust enrichment should be assessed in an amount between approximately $5 billion and $38 billion. The next day, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment. Chevron petitioned to have that order declared a nullity in light of Chevron’s prior recusal petition, and because procedural and evidentiary matters remained unresolved. In October 2010, Chevron’s motion to recuse the judge was granted. A new judge took charge of the case and revoked the prior judge’s order closing the evidentiary phase of the case. On December 17, 2010, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment.
On February 14, 2011, the provincial court in Lago Agrio rendered an adverse judgment in the case. The court rejected Chevron’s defenses to the extent the court addressed them in its opinion. The judgment assessed approximately $8.6 billion in damages and approximately $900 million as an award for the plaintiffs’ representatives. It also assessed an additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages unless the company issued a public apology within 15 days of the judgment, which Chevron did not do. On February 17, 2011, the plaintiffs appealed the judgment, seeking increased damages, and on March 11, 2011, Chevron appealed the judgment seeking to have the judgment nullified. On January 3, 2012, an appellate panel in the provincial court affirmed the February 14, 2011 decision and ordered that Chevron pay additional attorneys’ fees in the amount of “0.10% of the values that are derived from the decisional act of this judgment.” The plaintiffs filed a petition to clarify and amplify the appellate decision on January 6, 2012, and the court issued a ruling in response on January 13, 2012, purporting to clarify and amplify its January 3, 2012 ruling, which included clarification that the deadline for the company to issue a public apology to avoid the additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages was within 15 days of the clarification ruling, or February 3, 2012. Chevron did not issue an apology because doing so might be mischaracterized as an admission of liability and would be contrary to facts and evidence submitted at trial. On January 20, 2012, Chevron appealed (called a petition for cassation) the appellate panel’s decision to Ecuador’s National Court of Justice. As part of the appeal, Chevron requested the suspension of any requirement that Chevron post a bond to prevent enforcement under Ecuadorian law of the judgment during the cassation appeal. On February 17, 2012, the appellate panel of the provincial court admitted Chevron’s cassation appeal in a procedural step necessary for the National Court of Justice to hear the appeal. The provincial court appellate panel denied Chevron’s request for suspension of the requirement that Chevron post a bond and stated that it would not comply with the First and Second Interim Awards of the international arbitration tribunal discussed below. On March 29, 2012, the matter was transferred from the provincial court to the National Court of Justice, and on November 22, 2012, the National Court agreed to hear Chevron's cassation appeal. On August 3, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio approved a court-appointed liquidator’s report on damages that calculated the total judgment in the case to be $19.1 billion. On November 13, 2013, the National Court ratified the judgment but nullified the $8.6 billion punitive damage assessment, resulting in a judgment of $9.5 billion. On December 23, 2013, Chevron appealed the decision to the Ecuador Constitutional Court, Ecuador's highest court. The reporting justice of the Constitutional Court heard oral arguments on the appeal on July 16, 2015.
On July 2, 2013, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an embargo order in Ecuador ordering that any funds to be paid by the Government of Ecuador to Chevron to satisfy a $96 million award issued in an unrelated action

15

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


by an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law must be paid to the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. The award was issued by the tribunal under the United States-Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty in an action filed in 2006 in connection with seven breach of contract cases that Texpet filed against the Government of Ecuador between 1991 and 1993. The Government of Ecuador has moved to set aside the tribunal's award. On September 26, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands issued an opinion denying Ecuador’s set aside request. A Federal District Court for the District of Columbia confirmed the tribunal's award, and, on August 4, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed the District Court's decision. On September 9, 2015, the Court of Appeals denied the Government of Ecuador’s request for full appellate court review of the Federal District Court’s decision.
Lago Agrio Plaintiffs' Enforcement Actions. Chevron has no assets in Ecuador and the Lago Agrio plaintiffs’ lawyers have stated in press releases and through other media that they will seek to enforce the Ecuadorian judgment in various countries and otherwise disrupt Chevron’s operations. On May 30, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed an action against Chevron Corporation, Chevron Canada Limited, and Chevron Canada Finance Limited in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Ontario, Canada, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. On May 1, 2013, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice held that the Court has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action, but stayed the action due to the absence of evidence that Chevron Corporation has assets in Ontario. The Lago Agrio plaintiffs appealed that decision and, on December 17, 2013, the Court of Appeals for Ontario affirmed the lower court’s decision on jurisdiction and set aside the stay, allowing the recognition and enforcement action to be heard in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. Chevron appealed the decision to the Supreme Court of Canada and, on September 4, 2015, the Supreme Court dismissed the appeal and affirmed that the Ontario Superior Court of Justice has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action. The recognition and enforcement proceeding will now proceed in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.
On June 27, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed a complaint against Chevron Corporation in the Superior Court of Justice in Brasilia, Brazil, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. Chevron has answered the complaint. In accordance with Brazilian procedure, the matter was referred to the public prosecutor for a nonbinding opinion of the issues raised in the complaint. On May 13, 2015, the public prosecutor issued its nonbinding opinion and recommended that the Superior Court of Justice reject the plaintiffs’ recognition and enforcement request, finding, among other things, that the Lago Agrio judgment was procured through fraud and corruption and cannot be recognized in Brazil because it violates Brazilian and international public order.
On October 15, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an ex parte embargo order that purports to order the seizure of assets belonging to separate Chevron subsidiaries in Ecuador, Argentina and Colombia. On November 6, 2012, at the request of the Lago Agrio plaintiffs, a court in Argentina issued a Freeze Order against Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and another Chevron subsidiary, Ingeniero Norberto Priu, requiring shares of both companies to be "embargoed," requiring third parties to withhold 40 percent of any payments due to Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and ordering banks to withhold 40 percent of the funds in Chevron Argentina S.R.L. bank accounts. On December 14, 2012, the Argentinean court rejected a motion to revoke the Freeze Order but modified it by ordering that third parties are not required to withhold funds but must report their payments. The court also clarified that the Freeze Order relating to bank accounts excludes taxes. On January 30, 2013, an appellate court upheld the Freeze Order, but on June 4, 2013 the Supreme Court of Argentina revoked the Freeze Order in its entirety. On December 12, 2013, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs served Chevron with notice of their filing of an enforcement proceeding in the National Court, First Instance, of Argentina. Chevron filed its answer on February 27, 2014. Chevron intends to vigorously defend against the proceeding.
Chevron continues to believe the provincial court’s judgment is illegitimate and unenforceable in Ecuador, the United States and other countries. The company also believes the judgment is the product of fraud, and contrary to the legitimate scientific evidence. Chevron cannot predict the timing or ultimate outcome of the appeals process in Ecuador or any enforcement action. Chevron expects to continue a vigorous defense of any imposition of liability in the Ecuadorian courts and to contest and defend any and all enforcement actions.

16

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Company's Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration Claims. Chevron and Texpet filed an arbitration claim in September 2009 against the Republic of Ecuador before an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. The claim alleges violations of the Republic of Ecuador’s obligations under the United States–Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) and breaches of the settlement and release agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet (described above), which are investment agreements protected by the BIT. Through the arbitration, Chevron and Texpet are seeking relief against the Republic of Ecuador, including a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation constitutes a violation of Ecuador’s obligations under the BIT. On February 9, 2011, the Tribunal issued an Order for Interim Measures requiring the Republic of Ecuador to take all measures at its disposal to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement or recognition within and without Ecuador of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending further order of the Tribunal. On January 25, 2012, the Tribunal converted the Order for Interim Measures into an Interim Award. Chevron filed a renewed application for further interim measures on January 4, 2012, and the Republic of Ecuador opposed Chevron’s application and requested that the existing Order for Interim Measures be vacated on January 9, 2012. On February 16, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Second Interim Award mandating that the Republic of Ecuador take all measures necessary (whether by its judicial, legislative or executive branches) to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement and recognition within and without Ecuador of the judgment against Chevron and, in particular, to preclude any certification by the Republic of Ecuador that would cause the judgment to be enforceable against Chevron. On February 27, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Third Interim Award confirming its jurisdiction to hear Chevron's arbitration claims. On February 7, 2013, the Tribunal issued its Fourth Interim Award in which it declared that the Republic of Ecuador “has violated the First and Second Interim Awards under the [BIT], the UNCITRAL Rules and international law in regard to the finalization and enforcement subject to execution of the Lago Agrio Judgment within and outside Ecuador, including (but not limited to) Canada, Brazil and Argentina.” The Republic of Ecuador filed in the District Court of the Hague a request to set aside the Tribunal’s Interim Awards and the First Partial Award (described below). Chevron filed its answer to the set aside request on December 31, 2014.
The Tribunal has divided the merits phase of the proceeding into three phases. On September 17, 2013, the Tribunal issued its First Partial Award from Phase One, finding that the settlement agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet applied to Texpet and Chevron, released Texpet and Chevron from claims based on "collective" or "diffuse" rights arising from Texpet's operations in the former concession area and precluded third parties from asserting collective/diffuse rights environmental claims relating to Texpet's operations in the former concession area but did not preclude individual claims for personal harm. The Tribunal held a hearing on April 29-30, 2014, to address remaining issues relating to Phase One, and on March 12, 2015, it issued a nonbinding decision that the Lago Agrio plaintiffs’ complaint, on its face, includes claims not barred by the settlement agreement between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet. In the same decision, the Tribunal deferred to Phase Two remaining issues from Phase One, including whether the Republic of Ecuador breached the 1995 settlement agreement and the remedies that are available to Chevron and Texpet as a result of that breach. Phase Two issues were addressed at a hearing held in April and May 2015. The Tribunal has not set a date for Phase Three, the damages phase of the arbitration.
Company's RICO Action. Through a series of U.S. court proceedings initiated by Chevron to obtain discovery relating to the Lago Agrio litigation and the BIT arbitration, Chevron obtained evidence that it believes shows a pattern of fraud, collusion, corruption, and other misconduct on the part of several lawyers, consultants and others acting for the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. In February 2011, Chevron filed a civil lawsuit in the Federal District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and several of their lawyers, consultants and supporters, alleging violations of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act and other state laws. Through the civil lawsuit, Chevron is seeking relief that includes a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation is the result of fraud and other unlawful conduct and is therefore unenforceable.
On March 7, 2011, the Federal District Court issued a preliminary injunction prohibiting the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and persons acting in concert with them from taking any action in furtherance of recognition or enforcement of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending resolution of Chevron’s civil

17

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


lawsuit by the Federal District Court. On May 31, 2011, the Federal District Court severed claims one through eight of Chevron’s complaint from the ninth claim for declaratory relief and imposed a discovery stay on claims one through eight pending a trial on the ninth claim for declaratory relief. On September 19, 2011, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the preliminary injunction, stayed the trial on Chevron’s ninth claim, a claim for declaratory relief, that had been set for November 14, 2011, and denied the defendants’ mandamus petition to recuse the judge hearing the lawsuit. The Second Circuit issued its opinion on January 26, 2012 ordering the dismissal of Chevron’s ninth claim for declaratory relief. On February 16, 2012, the Federal District Court lifted the stay on claims one through eight, and on October 18, 2012, the Federal District Court set a trial date of October 15, 2013. On March 22, 2013, Chevron settled its claims against Stratus Consulting, and on April 12, 2013 sworn declarations by representatives of Stratus Consulting were filed with the Court admitting their role and that of the plaintiffs' attorneys in drafting the environmental report of the mining engineer appointed by the provincial court in Lago Agrio. On September 26, 2013, the Second Circuit denied the defendants' Petition for Writ of Mandamus to recuse the judge hearing the case and to collaterally estop Chevron from seeking a declaration that the Lago Agrio judgment was obtained through fraud and other unlawful conduct.
The trial commenced on October 15, 2013 and concluded on November 22, 2013. On March 4, 2014, the Federal District Court entered a judgment in favor of Chevron, prohibiting the defendants from seeking to enforce the Lago Agrio judgment in the United States and further prohibiting them from profiting from their illegal acts. The defendants appealed the Federal District Court's decision, and, on April 20, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard oral arguments.
Management's Assessment. The ultimate outcome of the foregoing matters, including any financial effect on Chevron, remains uncertain. Management does not believe an estimate of a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss) can be made in this case. Due to the defects associated with the Ecuadorian judgment, the 2008 engineer’s report on alleged damages and the September 2010 plaintiffs’ submission on alleged damages, management does not believe these documents have any utility in calculating a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss). Moreover, the highly uncertain legal environment surrounding the case provides no basis for management to estimate a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss).

Note 12. Other Contingencies and Commitments
Income Taxes The company calculates its income tax expense and liabilities quarterly. These liabilities generally are subject to audit and are not finalized with the individual taxing authorities until several years after the end of the annual period for which income taxes have been calculated. Refer to Note 8 on page 12 for a discussion of the periods for which tax returns have been audited for the company’s major tax jurisdictions.
Settlement of open tax years, as well as other tax issues in countries where the company conducts its businesses, are not expected to have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or liquidity of the company and, in the opinion of management, adequate provision has been made for income and franchise taxes for all years under examination or subject to future examination.
Guarantees The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to guarantees, direct or indirect, of debt of affiliated companies or third parties. Under the terms of the guarantee arrangements, the company would generally be required to perform should the affiliated company or third party fail to fulfill its obligations under the arrangements. In some cases, the guarantee arrangements may have recourse provisions that would enable the company to recover any payments made under the terms of the guarantees from assets provided as collateral.
Indemnifications In the acquisition of Unocal, the company assumed certain indemnities relating to contingent environmental liabilities associated with assets that were sold in 1997. The acquirer of those assets shared in certain environmental remediation costs up to a maximum obligation of $200 million, which had been reached at December 31, 2009. Under the indemnification agreement, after reaching the $200 million obligation, Chevron is solely responsible until April 2022, when the indemnification expires. The environmental conditions or events that are subject to these indemnities must have arisen prior to the sale of the assets in 1997.

18

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Although the company has provided for known obligations under this indemnity that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity.
Off-Balance-Sheet Obligations The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to long-term unconditional purchase obligations and commitments, including throughput and take-or-pay agreements, some of which relate to suppliers’ financing arrangements. The agreements typically provide goods and services, such as pipeline and storage capacity, drilling rigs, utilities, and petroleum products, to be used or sold in the ordinary course of the company’s business.
Environmental The company is subject to loss contingencies pursuant to laws, regulations, private claims and legal proceedings related to environmental matters that are subject to legal settlements or that in the future may require the company to take action to correct or ameliorate the effects on the environment of prior release of chemicals or petroleum substances, including MTBE, by the company or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites, including, but not limited to, federal Superfund sites and analogous sites under state laws, refineries, crude oil fields, service stations, terminals, land development areas, and mining activities, whether operating, closed or divested. These future costs are not fully determinable due to such factors as the unknown magnitude of possible contamination, the unknown timing and extent of the corrective actions that may be required, the determination of the company’s liability in proportion to other responsible parties, and the extent to which such costs are recoverable from third parties.
Although the company has provided for known environmental obligations that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity. Also, the company does not believe its obligations to make such expenditures have had, or will have, any significant impact on the company’s competitive position relative to other U.S. or international petroleum or chemical companies.
Other Contingencies On November 7, 2011, while drilling a development well in the deepwater Frade Field about 75 miles offshore Brazil, an unanticipated pressure spike caused oil to migrate from the well bore through a series of fissures to the sea floor, emitting approximately 2,400 barrels of oil. The source of the seep was substantially contained within four days and the well was plugged and abandoned. On March 14, 2012, the company identified a small, second seep in a different part of the field. No evidence of any coastal or wildlife impacts related to either of these seeps has emerged. As reported in the company’s previously filed periodic reports, it has resolved civil claims relating to these incidents brought by a Brazilian federal district prosecutor. As also reported previously, the federal district prosecutor also filed criminal charges against Chevron and eleven Chevron employees. On February 19, 2013, the trial court dismissed the criminal matter, and on appeal, on October 9, 2013, the appellate court reinstated two of the ten allegations, specifically those charges alleging environmental damage and failure to provide timely notification to authorities. On February 27, 2014, Chevron filed a motion for reconsideration, and that motion was granted and the remaining criminal charges dismissed by the appellate court on August 27, 2015. The federal district prosecutor has appealed the appellate court’s decision.
Chevron receives claims from and submits claims to customers; trading partners; U.S. federal, state and local regulatory bodies; governments; contractors; insurers; suppliers; and individuals. The amounts of these claims, individually and in the aggregate, may be significant and take lengthy periods to resolve, and may result in gains or losses in future periods.
The company and its affiliates also continue to review and analyze their operations and may close, abandon, sell, exchange, acquire or restructure assets to achieve operational or strategic benefits and to improve competitiveness and profitability. These activities, individually or together, may result in significant gains or losses in future periods.


19

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 13. Fair Value Measurements
The three levels of the fair value hierarchy of inputs the company uses to measure the fair value of an asset or liability are described as follows:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. For the company, Level 1 inputs include exchange-traded futures contracts for which the parties are willing to transact at the exchange-quoted price and marketable securities that are actively traded.
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly. For the company, Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, prices obtained through third-party broker quotes and prices that can be corroborated with other observable inputs for substantially the complete term of a contract.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs. The company does not use Level 3 inputs for any of its recurring fair value measurements. Level 3 inputs may be required for the determination of fair value associated with certain nonrecurring measurements of nonfinancial assets and liabilities.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At September 30, 2015
 
At December 31, 2014
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Marketable Securities
$
306

 
$
306

 
$

 
$

 
$
422

 
$
422

 
$

 
$

Derivatives
125

 
95

 
30

 

 
413

 
394

 
19

 

Total Assets at Fair Value
$
431

 
$
401

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
835

 
$
816

 
$
19

 
$

Derivatives
75

 
48

 
27

 

 
84

 
83

 
1

 

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
$
75

 
$
48

 
$
27

 
$

 
$
84

 
$
83

 
$
1

 
$

Marketable Securities The company calculates fair value for its marketable securities based on quoted market prices for identical assets. The fair values reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were sold at September 30, 2015.
Derivatives The company records its derivative instruments — other than any commodity derivative contracts that are designated as normal purchase and normal sale — on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at fair value, with the offsetting amount to the Consolidated Statement of Income. Derivatives classified as Level 1 include futures, swaps and options contracts traded in active markets such as the New York Mercantile Exchange. Derivatives classified as Level 2 include swaps, options and forward contracts principally with financial institutions and other oil and gas companies, the fair values of which are obtained from third-party broker quotes, industry pricing services and exchanges. The company obtains multiple sources of pricing information for the Level 2 instruments. Since this pricing information is generated from observable market data, it has historically been very consistent. The company does not materially adjust this information.
Assets carried at fair value at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, are as follows:
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Time Deposits The company holds cash equivalents and bank time deposits in U.S. and non-U.S. portfolios. The instruments classified as cash equivalents are primarily bank time deposits with maturities of 90 days or less, and money market funds. “Cash and cash equivalents” had carrying/fair values of $12.9 billion and $12.8 billion at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively. The instruments held in “Time deposits” are bank time deposits with maturities greater than 90 days and had carrying/fair values of zero and $8 million at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The fair values of cash, cash equivalents and bank time deposits are classified as Level 1 and reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were settled at September 30, 2015.

20

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Restricted Cash had a carrying/fair value of $1.0 billion and $1.5 billion at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively. At September 30, 2015, restricted cash is classified as Level 1 and includes restricted funds related to certain upstream abandonment activities, tax payments, and funds held in escrow, which are reported in “Deferred charges and other assets” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Long-Term Debt had a net carrying value, excluding amounts reclassified from short-term, of $21.2 billion and $16.0 billion at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively. The fair value of long-term debt at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014 was $21.7 billion and $16.5 billion, respectively. Long-term debt primarily includes corporate issued bonds. The fair value of corporate bonds is $21.0 billion and classified as Level 1. The fair value of the other bonds is $0.7 billion and classified as Level 2.
The carrying values of other short-term financial assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet approximate their fair values. Fair value remeasurements of other financial instruments at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, were not material.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at September 30, 2015, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At September 30, 2015
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Before-Tax Loss
 
 
 
 
 
Three
Months
Ended
 
Nine
Months
Ended
 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held and used)
$
66

 
$

 
$
5

 
$
61

 
$
134

 
$
2,700

 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held for sale)
445

 

 
445

 

 
121

 
393

 Investments and advances

 

 

 

 
1

 
23

 Total Assets at Fair Value
$
511

 
$

 
$
450

 
$
61

 
$
256

 
$
3,116

Properties, plant and equipment The company did not have any individually material impairments of long-lived assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis to report in third quarter 2015.
Investments and advances The company did not have any material impairments of investments and advances measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis to report in third quarter 2015.

Note 14. Financial and Derivative Instruments
The company’s derivative instruments principally include crude oil, natural gas and refined product futures, swaps, options, and forward contracts. None of the company’s derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments, although certain of the company’s affiliates make such a designation. The company’s derivatives are not material to the company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity. The company believes it has no material market or credit risks to its operations, financial position or liquidity as a result of its commodities and other derivatives activities.
The company uses derivative commodity instruments traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange and on electronic platforms of the Inter-Continental Exchange and Chicago Mercantile Exchange. In addition, the company enters into swap contracts and option contracts principally with major financial institutions and other oil and gas companies in the “over-the-counter” markets, which are governed by International Swaps and Derivatives Association agreements and other master netting arrangements.

21

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Derivative instruments measured at fair value at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, and their classification on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and Consolidated Statement of Income are as follows:
Consolidated Balance Sheet: Fair Value of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of Dollars)
Type of
Contract
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
At September 30
2015
 
At December 31
2014
Commodity
 
Accounts and notes receivable, net
 
$
120

 
$
401

Commodity
 
Long-term receivables, net
 
5

 
12

Total Assets at Fair Value
 
$
125

 
$
413

Commodity
 
Accounts payable
 
$
71

 
$
57

Commodity
 
Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
 
4

 
27

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
 
$
75

 
$
84


Consolidated Statement of Income: The Effect of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
Gain / (Loss)
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Gain / (Loss)
Nine Months ended September 30
Type of
Contract
 
Statement of Income Classification
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Commodity
 
Sales and other operating revenues
 
$
211

 
$
86

 
$
59

 
$
112

Commodity
 
Purchased crude oil and products
 
18

 
(16
)
 
19

 
(32
)
Commodity
 
Other income
 
5

 
(3
)
 
(6
)
 
(26
)
 
 
 
 
$
234

 
$
67

 
$
72

 
$
54


The table below represents gross and net derivative assets and liabilities subject to netting agreements on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014.
Consolidated Balance Sheet: The Effect of Netting Derivative Assets and Liabilities
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
Gross Amount Recognized
 
Gross Amounts Offset
 
Net Amounts Presented
 
 Gross Amounts Not Offset
 
Net Amount
At September 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
3,047

 
$
2,922

 
$
125

 
$

 
$
125

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
2,997

 
$
2,922

 
$
75

 
$

 
$
75

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
4,004

 
$
3,591

 
$
413

 
$
7

 
$
406

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
3,675

 
$
3,591

 
$
84

 
$

 
$
84

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets and liabilities are classified on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as accounts and notes receivable, long-term receivables, accounts payable, and deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations. Amounts not offset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet represent positions that do not meet all the conditions for "a right of offset."

Note 15. Accounting for Suspended Exploratory Wells
The capitalized cost of suspended wells at September 30, 2015, was $4.1 billion, a net decrease of $130 million from year-end 2014. The decrease was primarily due to well write-offs and asset sales, partially offset by drilling activities. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, $522 million of exploratory well costs previously capitalized for greater than one year at December 31, 2014, were charged to expense.


22

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 16. New Accounting Standards
Revenue Recognition (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09) In July 2015, the FASB approved a one-year deferral of the effective date of ASU 2014-09, which becomes effective for the company January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted at the original effective date of January 1, 2017. The standard provides that an entity should recognize revenue to align with the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU, which replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP, provides a five-step model for recognition of revenue, guidance on the accounting for certain costs of obtaining or fulfilling contracts with customers and specific disclosure requirements. Transition guidance permits either retrospective application or presentation of the cumulative effect at the adoption date. The company is reviewing the requirements of the ASU to determine the transition method it will apply and to update its assessments developed throughout the FASB’s deliberation period. The company is evaluating the effect of the standard on the company’s consolidated financial statements.

Note 17. Restructuring and Reorganization Costs
In third quarter 2015, the company recorded additional charges for employee reduction programs related to the restructuring and reorganization of certain upstream operations, which are expected to be substantially completed by the end of 2016. A before-tax charge of $38 million ($11 million after-tax) was recorded in the International Upstream segment as “Operating Expenses” on the Consolidated Statement of Income. The following table summarizes the accrued severance liability, which is classified as current on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 
Amounts Before Tax
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1, 2015
$

Accruals/Adjustments
295

Payments
(2
)
Balance at September 30, 2015
$
293

 
 



23


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Third Quarter 2015 Compared with Third Quarter 2014
And Nine Months 2015 Compared with Nine Months 2014

Key Financial Results
Earnings by Business Segment
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(603
)
 
$
929

 
$
(2,101
)
 
$
2,895

International
662

 
3,720

 
1,501

 
11,325

Total Upstream
59

 
4,649

 
(600
)
 
14,220

Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
1,249

 
809

 
2,686

 
1,748

International
962

 
578

 
3,904

 
1,070

Total Downstream
2,211

 
1,387

 
6,590

 
2,818

Total Segment Earnings
2,270

 
6,036

 
5,990

 
17,038

All Other
(233
)
 
(443
)
 
(815
)
 
(1,268
)
Net Income Attributable to Chevron Corporation (1) (2)
$
2,037

 
$
5,593

 
$
5,175

 
$
15,770

____________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Includes foreign currency effects
$
394

 
$
366

 
$
723

 
$
55

(2) Income net of tax; also referred to as “earnings” in the discussions that follow.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Chevron Corporation for third quarter 2015 was $2.0 billion ($1.09 per share — diluted), versus $5.6 billion ($2.95 per share — diluted) in the corresponding 2014 period. Net income attributable to Chevron Corporation for the first nine months of 2015 was $5.2 billion ($2.76 per share — diluted), versus $15.8 billion ($8.29 per share — diluted) in the first nine months of 2014.
Upstream earnings in third quarter 2015 were $59 million compared with $4.6 billion a year earlier. The decrease between comparative periods was due to lower crude oil and natural gas realizations, and higher tax items and depreciation expenses, partially offset by lower operating expenses. The loss for the first nine months of 2015 was $600 million compared with earnings of $14.2 billion a year earlier. The decrease was due to lower crude oil and natural gas realization, higher depreciation expenses, primarily reflecting impairments, and higher tax items, partially offset by favorable foreign currency effects and higher crude oil production.
Downstream earnings in third quarter 2015 were $2.2 billion compared with $1.4 billion in the corresponding 2014 period. The increase was due to higher margins on refined product sales and favorable foreign currency effects. Earnings for the first nine months of 2015 were $6.6 billion compared with $2.8 billion in the corresponding 2014 period. The $1.6 billion gain from the sale of the company’s interest in Caltex Australia Limited and higher margins on refined product sales drove the increase.
Refer to pages 28 through 31 for additional discussion of results by business segment and “All Other” activities for third quarter of 2015 versus the same period in 2014.


Business Environment and Outlook
Chevron is a global energy company with substantial business activities in the following countries: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Nigeria, the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, the Philippines, Republic of the Congo, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Venezuela.

24


Earnings of the company depend mostly on the profitability of its upstream business segment. The biggest factor affecting the results of operations for the upstream segment is the price of crude oil. The price of crude oil has fallen significantly since mid-year 2014, reflecting robust non-OPEC supply growth led by expanding unconventional production in the United States, weakening growth in emerging markets, and the decision by OPEC to maintain its current production ceiling. The downturn in the price of crude oil has impacted, and, depending upon its duration, will continue to significantly impact the company's results of operations, cash flows, leverage, capital and exploratory investment program and production outlook. Since it is uncertain when prices might recover from current levels, the company plans to respond with further reductions in operating expenses, including additional employee reductions, further reductions in capital and exploratory expenditures in 2016 and future periods, and additional asset sales. The company anticipates that crude oil prices will increase in the future, as continued growth in demand and a slowing in supply growth should bring global markets into balance; however, the timing of any such increases is unknown. In the company's downstream business, crude oil is the largest cost component of refined products.
Refer to the "Cautionary Statement Relevant to Forward-Looking Information" on page 2 and to "Risk Factors" on pages 22 through 24 of the company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of some of the inherent risks that could materially impact the company's results of operations or financial condition.
The company continually evaluates opportunities to dispose of assets that are not expected to provide sufficient long-term value or to acquire assets or operations complementary to its asset base to help augment the company’s financial performance and growth. Refer to the "Results of Operations" section, beginning on page 28 for discussions of net gains on asset sales during 2015. Asset dispositions and restructurings may also occur in future periods and could result in significant gains or losses.
The company closely monitors developments in the financial and credit markets, the level of worldwide economic activity, and the implications for the company of movements in prices for crude oil and natural gas. Management takes these developments into account in the conduct of daily operations and for business planning.
Comments related to earnings trends for the company’s major business areas are as follows:
Upstream Earnings for the upstream segment are closely aligned with industry prices for crude oil and natural gas. Crude oil and natural gas prices are subject to external factors over which the company has no control, including product demand connected with global economic conditions, industry inventory levels, production quotas or other actions imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), actions of regulators, weather-related damage and disruptions, competing fuel prices, and regional supply interruptions or fears thereof that may be caused by military conflicts, civil unrest or political uncertainty. Any of these factors could also inhibit the company’s production capacity in an affected region. The company closely monitors developments in the countries in which it operates and holds investments, and seeks to manage risks in operating its facilities and businesses. The longer-term trend in earnings for the upstream segment is also a function of other factors, including the company’s ability to find or acquire and efficiently produce crude oil and natural gas, changes in fiscal terms of contracts, and changes in tax laws and regulations.
The company continues to actively manage its schedule of work, contracting, procurement and supply-chain activities to effectively manage costs. However, price levels for capital and exploratory costs and operating expenses associated with the production of crude oil and natural gas can be subject to external factors beyond the company’s control including, among other things, the general level of inflation, commodity prices and prices charged by the industry’s material and service providers, which can be affected by the volatility of the industry’s own supply-and-demand conditions for such materials and services. In recent years, Chevron and the oil and gas industry generally experienced an increase in certain costs that exceeded the general trend of inflation in many areas of the world. As a result of the decline in prices of crude oil and other commodities since mid-2014, these cost pressures have softened. Capital and exploratory expenditures and operating expenses can also be affected by damage to production facilities caused by severe weather or civil unrest, delays in construction, or other factors.


25


The chart above shows the trend in benchmark prices for Brent crude oil, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil, and U.S. Henry Hub natural gas. The Brent price averaged $99 per barrel for the full-year 2014. During 2015, Brent averaged $50 per barrel in the third quarter, $55 per barrel for the nine-month period, and ended October at about $48. The majority of the company’s equity crude production is priced based on the Brent benchmark. Prices eased early in the third quarter amid a surge in drilling rig counts and production in the U.S., and an uptick in OPEC output. However, downside price movement was limited by better than expected seasonal demand growth and a reversal in U.S. supply trends from late-August onward. Continued concerns over persistently high global crude inventories, expectations of a downturn in demand for crude oil due to fall refinery maintenance, continued growth in Iraqi production, and easing of geopolitical tensions in key regions kept subsequent price recovery to a minimum throughout September.
The WTI price averaged $93 per barrel for the full-year 2014. During 2015, WTI averaged $47 per barrel in the third quarter, $51 per barrel for the nine-month period and ended October at about $47. WTI continued to trade at a discount to Brent throughout the third quarter due to high inventories and excess crude supply in the U.S. market. However, with U.S. refinery runs at record highs and Brent seeing pressure from intermittent overhang of West Africa and North Sea crudes, the discount again contracted in the third quarter.
A differential in crude oil prices exists between high quality (high-gravity, low-sulfur) crudes and those of lower quality (low-gravity, high-sulfur). The amount of the differential in any period is associated with the relative supply/demand balances for each crude type, which are functions of the capacity of refineries that are able to process each as feedstock into high-value light products (motor gasoline, jet fuel, aviation gasoline and diesel fuel). In third quarter 2015, the differential expanded in North America as Canadian heavy crude production recovered from earlier planned and unplanned outages, while light sweet crude prices in the U.S. were supported by declines in drilling rig counts and production levels. Outside of North America, high refinery runs in Europe and Asia boosted demand and supported pricing for light sweet crude from the Atlantic Basin, while increased output from Iraq and other Middle East producers undermined support for heavier, more sour crudes.
Chevron produces or shares in the production of heavy crude oil in California, Indonesia, the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, Venezuela and in certain fields in Angola, China and the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea. (See page 34 for the company’s average U.S. and international crude oil realizations.)
In contrast to price movements in the global market for crude oil, price changes for natural gas in many regional markets are more closely aligned with supply-and-demand conditions in those markets. In the U.S., prices at Henry Hub averaged $2.80 per thousand cubic feet (MCF) for the first nine months of 2015, compared with $4.62 during the first nine months of 2014. At the end of October 2015, the Henry Hub spot price was $1.97 per MCF. Fluctuations in the price for natural gas in the United States are closely associated with customer demand relative to the volumes produced in North America.
Outside the United States, price changes for natural gas depend on a wide range of supply, demand and regulatory circumstances. Chevron sells natural gas into the domestic pipeline market in most locations. In some locations, Chevron is investing in long-term projects to install infrastructure to produce and liquefy natural gas for transport by tanker to other markets. The company's contract prices for liquefied natural gas (LNG) are

26


typically linked to crude oil prices. International natural gas realizations averaged $4.73 per MCF during the first nine months of 2015, compared with $5.91 per MCF in the same period last year. (See page 34 for the company’s average natural gas realizations for the U.S. and international regions.)
The company’s worldwide net oil-equivalent production in the first nine months of 2015 averaged 2.605 million barrels per day. About one-fifth of the company’s net oil-equivalent production in the first nine months of 2015 occurred in the OPEC-member countries of Angola, Nigeria, Venezuela and the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. OPEC quotas had no effect on the company’s net crude oil production for the third quarter or nine-month periods of 2015 or 2014. At their June 2015 meeting, members of OPEC supported maintaining the current production quota of 30 million barrels per day, which has been in effect since December 2008.
The company estimates that net oil-equivalent production for the full-year 2015 will be flat to 3 percent growth compared to 2014. This estimate is subject to many factors and uncertainties, including quotas that may be imposed by OPEC; price and other production entitlement effects; changes in fiscal terms or restrictions on the scope of company operations; delays in construction, start-up or ramp-up of projects; fluctuations in demand for natural gas in various markets; weather conditions that may shut in production; civil unrest; changing geopolitics; delays in completion of maintenance turnarounds; greater-than-expected declines in production from mature fields; or other disruptions to operations. The outlook for future production levels is also affected by the size and number of economic investment opportunities and, for new, large-scale projects, the time lag between initial exploration and the beginning of production. Investments in upstream projects generally begin well in advance of the start of the associated crude oil and natural gas production. A significant majority of Chevron’s upstream investment is made outside the United States.
In the Partitioned Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, a production shut-in began at the end of May 2015 and continued through third quarter 2015 as a result of difficulties in securing work and equipment permits. Net oil-equivalent production in the Partitioned Zone in 2014 was 81,000 barrels per day. The potential for a complete loss of production in the Partitioned Zone was not anticipated in the company’s 2015 full-year production guidance. The potential for a continued loss of production is uncertain, and the company cannot estimate its duration. The financial effects from the loss of production in 2015 are not expected to be significant.
Refer to the “Results of Operations” section on pages 28 and 29 for additional discussion of the company’s upstream business.
Downstream Earnings for the downstream segment are closely tied to margins on the refining, manufacturing and marketing of products that include gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, lubricants, fuel oil, fuel and lubricant additives, and petrochemicals. Industry margins are sometimes volatile and can be affected by the global and regional supply-and-demand balance for refined products and petrochemicals, and by changes in the price of crude oil, other refinery and petrochemical feedstocks, and natural gas. Industry margins can also be influenced by inventory levels, geopolitical events, costs of materials and services, refinery or chemical plant capacity utilization, maintenance programs, and disruptions at refineries or chemical plants resulting from unplanned outages due to severe weather, fires or other operational events.
Other factors affecting profitability for downstream operations include the reliability and efficiency of the company’s refining, marketing and petrochemical assets, the effectiveness of its crude oil and product supply functions, and the volatility of tanker-charter rates for the company’s shipping operations, which are driven by the industry’s demand for crude oil and product tankers. Other factors beyond the company’s control include the general level of inflation and energy costs to operate the company’s refining, marketing and petrochemical assets.
The company’s most significant marketing areas are the West Coast of North America, the U.S. Gulf Coast, Asia and southern Africa. Chevron operates or has significant ownership interests in refineries in each of these areas.
Refer to the “Results of Operations” section on page 30 for additional discussion of the company’s downstream operations.
All Other consists of worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.


27


Operating Developments
Noteworthy operating developments in recent months included the following:
Angola-Republic of the Congo Joint Development Area — Achieved first production from the Lianzi Project.
Australia — Continued to progress commissioning activities in preparation for start-up of Train 1 of the Gorgon Project. The Jansz-Io Field subsea infrastructure is fully complete. The first two wells have been opened to the Jansz pipeline, confirming the full operability of these subsea systems. All Train 2 modules are set on foundations and construction is progressing on critical path activities. Nine of 13 Train 3 modules have been delivered to site and set on foundations.
Australia — Continued progress on construction of the Wheatstone Project. All subsea equipment and flowlines are installed and offshore platform hook-up and commissioning is progressing on plan. Seventeen of 24 Train 1 process modules required for first LNG have been delivered to site.
United States — Announced a successful appraisal well at the Anchor prospect in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.

Results of Operations
Business Segments The following section presents the results of operations and variances on an after-tax basis for the company’s business segments — Upstream and Downstream — as well as for “All Other.” (Refer to Note 5, on page 9, for a discussion of the company’s “reportable segments,” as defined under the accounting standards for segment reporting.)
Upstream
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
U.S. Upstream Earnings
$
(603
)
 
$
929

 
$
(2,101
)
 
$
2,895

U.S. upstream incurred a loss of $603 million in third quarter 2015 compared to earnings of $929 million from a year earlier. Earnings decreased due to sharply lower crude oil realizations of $1.36 billion, higher depreciation expenses of $220 million and the absence of gains on asset sales of $140 million. Partially offsetting these effects were higher crude oil production of $220 million and lower operating expenses of $170 million.
U.S. upstream incurred a loss of $2.10 billion for the first nine months of 2015, compared to earnings of $2.90 billion from a year earlier. Earnings decreased primarily due to lower crude oil and natural gas realizations of $3.98 billion and $440 million, respectively. Higher depreciation expenses of $1.38 billion, primarily reflecting impairments, and lower gains on asset sales of $220 million, also contributed to the decrease. Partially offsetting these effects were higher crude oil production of $770 million and lower operating expenses of $400 million.
The average realization per barrel for U.S. crude oil and natural gas liquids in third quarter 2015 was $42, down from $87 a year ago. The average nine-month realization per barrel for U.S. crude oil and natural gas liquids was $45 in 2015, compared to $90 a year earlier. The average natural gas realization in third quarter 2015 was $1.96 per thousand cubic feet, compared with $3.46 in 2014. The average nine-month natural gas realization was $2.05 per thousand cubic feet in 2015 and $4.09 in 2014.
Net oil-equivalent production of 730,000 barrels per day in third quarter 2015 was up 53,000 barrels per day, or 8 percent, from the third quarter a year earlier. Net oil-equivalent production of 720,000 barrels per day in the first nine months of 2015 was up 9 percent from a year earlier. Production increases due to project ramp-ups in the Gulf of Mexico, the Permian Basin in Texas and New Mexico, and the Marcellus Shale in western Pennsylvania were only partially offset by normal field declines and the effect of asset sales in both comparative periods.

28


The net liquids component of oil-equivalent production of 505,000 barrels per day in third quarter 2015 was up 9 percent from the corresponding 2014 period. The net liquids component of oil-equivalent production of 502,000 barrels per day in the 2015 nine-month period was up 11 percent from the 2014 period. Net natural gas production was 1.35 billion cubic feet per day in third quarter 2015, an increase of 6 percent from the 2014 comparative period. Net natural gas production was 1.31 billion cubic feet per day in the nine-month period, an increase of 5 percent from the 2014 period.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
International Upstream Earnings*
$
662

 
$
3,720

 
$
1,501

 
$
11,325

___________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*  Includes foreign currency effects
$
258

 
$
344

 
$
634

 
$
144

International upstream earned $662 million in third quarter 2015 compared to earnings of $3.72 billion from a year earlier. The decrease was due to sharply lower crude oil realizations of $2.87 billion and higher tax items of $310 million, partially offset by lower operating expenses of $150 million. Foreign currency effects increased earnings by $258 million in the 2015 quarter, compared with an increase of $344 million a year earlier.
Earnings for the first nine months of 2015 were $1.50 billion, compared to earnings of $11.33 billion from a year earlier. The decrease was due to sharply lower crude oil realizations of $8.72 billion along with lower natural gas realizations of $570 million, higher depreciation expenses of $1.51 billion, primarily reflecting impairments, and higher tax items of $900 million. Partially offsetting the decrease were higher crude oil production of $410 million, lower operating expenses of $330 million, and higher gains on asset sales of $220 million. Foreign currency effects increased earnings by $634 million in the first nine months of 2015, compared with an increase of $144 million a year earlier.
The average realization per barrel of crude oil and natural gas liquids in third quarter 2015 was $45, compared with $93 a year earlier. The average realization per barrel of crude oil and natural gas liquids in the first nine months of 2015 was $49, compared with $98 a year earlier. The average natural gas realization in third quarter 2015 was $4.68 per thousand cubic feet, compared with $5.73 in the 2014 period. The average natural gas realization in the first nine months of 2015