485APOS 1 d137218d485apos.htm FORM 485APOS Form 485APOS
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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 12, 2016

Securities Act of 1933 File No. 033-78960

Investment Company Act of 1940 File No. 811-08510

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM N-1A

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

   THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933    x
   Pre-Effective Amendment No.    ¨
   Post-Effective Amendment No. 65    x

and/or

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

   THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940                                         x
   Amendment No. 68   

 

 

MATTHEWS INTERNATIONAL FUNDS

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

 

 

Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550

San Francisco, CA 94111

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code: (415) 788-7553

 

 

William J. Hackett, President

Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550

San Francisco, CA 94111

(Name and Address of Agent for Service)

 

 

Copies To:

David Monroe, Vice President

Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550

San Francisco, CA 94111

David A. Hearth, Esq.

Paul Hastings LLP

55 Second Street

San Francisco, CA 94105

 

 

It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box)

 

  ¨ immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)
  ¨ on                  pursuant to paragraph (b)
  ¨ 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  ¨ on                  pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  ¨ 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)
  x on April 29, 2016 pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485.

If appropriate, check the following box:

 

  ¨ this post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment.

 

 

 


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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities, and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

DATED FEBRUARY 12, 2016

Matthews Asia Funds  |  Prospectus

                 , 2016  |  matthewsasia.com

 

 

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The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) has not approved or disapproved the Funds. Also, the SEC has not passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Anyone who informs you otherwise is committing a crime.

 

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Table of Contents

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Matthews Asia Funds

matthewsasia.com

Contents

 

 

 

FUND SUMMARIES

     1   

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

     1   

Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

     6   

Financial Highlights

     12   

Additional Fund Information

  

Investment Objective of the Funds

     14   

Fundamental Investment Policies

     14   

Matthews’ Investment Approach

     14   

Risks of Investing in the Funds

     17   

Management of the Funds

     27   

Investing In The Funds

  

Pricing of Fund Shares

     30   

Purchasing Shares

     30   

Exchanging Shares

     33   

Selling (Redeeming) Shares

     33   

Market Timing Activities and Redemption Fees

     35   

Other Shareholder Information

     36   

Index Definitions

     38   

General Information

     39   

Privacy Statement

     39   

 

Please read this document carefully before you make any investment decision. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a Matthews Asia Funds representative at 800.789.ASIA (2742) or visit matthewsasia.com.

Please keep this prospectus with your other account documents for future reference.


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LOGO

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

FUND SUMMARY

 

 

Investment Objective

The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund (the “Strategic Income Fund” or the “Fund”) seeks total return over the long term, with an emphasis on income.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of this Fund.

SHAREHOLDER FEES

(fees paid directly from your investment)

 

        Investor Class      Institutional Class  
Maximum Account Fee on Redemptions (for wire redemptions only)        $9         $9   

ANNUAL OPERATING EXPENSES

(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

 

Management Fee               [0.65 %]               [0.65%]   
Distribution (12b-1) Fees1               [0.00 %]               [0.00%]   
Other Expenses         [0.63 %]         [0.44%]   

Administration and Shareholder Servicing Fees

     0.14%                  0.14%           
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses         [1.28 %]         [1.09%]   

Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement2

              [(0.16 %)]               [(0.19%)
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement         [1.12 %]         [0.90%]   

 

  1 The Trust’s 12b-1 Plan (the “Plan”) is inactive. Although the Plan currently is not active, it is reviewed by the Board annually in case the Board decides to re-activate the Plan. The Plan would not be re-activated without prior notice to shareholders and any amounts payable under the Plan would be subject to applicable operating expense limitations. If the Plan were reactivated, the fee would be up to 0.25% for each of the Investor Class and Institutional Class, respectively.

 

  2 Matthews has contractually agreed (i) to waive fees and reimburse expenses to the extent needed to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding Rule 12b-1 fees, front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, interest, brokerage commissions, short sale dividend expenses, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) of the Institutional Class to 0.90% first by waiving class specific expenses (i.e., Rule 12b-1 fees or shareholder service fees specific to a particular class) of the Institutional Class and then, to the extent necessary, by waiving non-class specific expenses of the Institutional Class, and (ii) if any Fund-wide expenses (i.e., expenses that apply to both the Institutional Class and the Investor Class) are waived for the Institutional Class to maintain the 0.90% expense limitation, to waive an equal amount (in annual percentage terms) of those same expenses for the Investor Class. The Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement for the Investor Class may vary from year to year and will in some years exceed 0.90%. If the operating expenses fall below the expense limitation in a year within three years after Matthews has made a waiver or reimbursement, the Fund may reimburse Matthews up to an amount that does not cause the expenses for that year to exceed the expense limitation applicable at the time of that fee waiver and/or expense reimbursement or to exceed any other agreed upon expense limitation for that year. This agreement will remain in place until April 30, 2017, may be renewed for additional periods not exceeding one year and may be terminated at any time by the Board of Trustees on behalf of the Fund on 60 days’ written notice to Matthews. Matthews may decline to renew this agreement by written notice to the Trust at least 30 days before its annual expiration date.

EXAMPLE OF FUND EXPENSES

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

     One year   Three years   Five years   Ten years
Investor Class   $114   $385   $682   $1,526
Institutional Class   $92   $321   $576   $1,306
 

 

MATTHEWS ASIA STRATEGIC INCOME FUND      1   


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PORTFOLIO TURNOVER

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example of fund expenses, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 44% of the average value of its portfolio.

Principal Investment Strategy

Under normal market conditions, the Strategic Income Fund seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing at least 80% of its net assets, which include borrowings for investment purposes, in income-producing securities including, but not limited to, debt and debt-related instruments issued by governments, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions, and companies in Asia. The Fund intends to achieve its investment objective by investing in income-generating securities across currencies and the capital structure. Investments may be denominated in any currency, and may represent any part of a company’s capital structure from debt to equity or with features of both. Debt and debt-related instruments typically include bonds, debentures, bills, notes, certificates of deposit and other bank obligations, senior secured bank debt, convertible debt securities, credit-linked notes, inflation-linked instruments, repurchase agreements, dividend paying equity securities and derivative instruments with fixed income characteristics.

Asia consists of all countries and markets in Asia and includes developed, emerging, and frontier countries and markets in the Asian region. A company is considered to be “located” in a country or a region if it has substantial ties to that country or region, and currently, Matthews makes that determination primarily based on one or more of the following five criteria: if the company (i) is organized under the laws of that country or any country in that region; (ii) derives at least 50% of its revenues or profits from goods produced or sold, investments made, or services performed, or has at least 50% of its assets located, within that country or region; (iii) has the primary trading markets for its securities in that country or region; (iv) has its principal place of business in or is otherwise headquartered in that country or region; or (v) is a governmental entity or an agency, instrumentality or a political subdivision of that country or any country in that region. Instruments will be deemed to be Asian securities if the issuer is headquartered in an Asian country, the instrument is denominated in the currency of an Asian country, or the instrument is issued with respect to a project located in, or secured or backed by assets located in an Asian country, or is otherwise linked to an Asian country.

Up to 50% of the Fund’s total net assets may be invested in securities of issuers from a single country (including the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions), and up to 25% of the Fund’s total net assets, may be invested in the securities issued by any one Asian government (including its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions).

The Fund will not seek to limit its foreign currency exposure and may invest without limitation in non-U.S. dollar-denominated securities and instruments. The Fund reserves

the right to hedge its exposure to foreign currencies to reduce the risk of loss from fluctuations in currency exchange rates, but normally does not expect to do so.

The Fund will typically engage in derivative transactions for a variety of purposes, including managing interest rate, currency and credit exposure, involving a variety of underlying instruments, including for example, currencies, debt securities, securities indexes, futures and options on swaps (commonly referred to as swaptions). In particular, the Fund may seek to take on currency exposure by using derivatives such as currency forwards and, as a result, the Fund’s exposure to a currency could exceed the value of the Fund’s assets denominated in that currency and could exceed the value of the Fund’s net assets.

The Fund is permitted to invest in debt securities of any quality, including high yield debt securities rated below investment grade (commonly referred to as “junk bonds”) and unrated debt securities. The Fund has no stated maturity or duration target and the average effective maturity or duration target may change. Matthews has implemented risk management systems to monitor the Fund to reduce the risk of loss through overemphasis on a particular issuer, country, industry, currency, or interest rate regime.

Matthews also may, from time to time, employ a currency overlay strategy for the Fund in an effort to enhance returns and moderate volatility. This strategy involves long and short positions on one or more currencies, with a total or gross notional value of these positions equal to as much as a substantial majority of the NAV of the Fund, although the net market value of these positions, on a marked-to-market basis, at most times, is expected to be substantially lower.

Principal Risks of Investment

There is no guarantee that your investment in the Fund will increase in value. The value of your investment in the Fund could go down, meaning you could lose money. The principal risks of investing in the Fund are:

Credit Risk: A debt instrument’s price depends, in part, on the credit quality of the issuer, borrower, counterparty, or underlying collateral and can decline in response to changes in the financial condition of the issuer, borrower, counterparty, or underlying collateral, or changes in specific or general market, economic, industry, political, regulatory, geopolitical, or other conditions.

Interest Rate Risk (including Prepayment and Extension Risks): Changes in interest rates in each of the countries in which the Fund may invest, as well as interest rates in more-developed countries, may cause a decline in the market value of an investment. Generally, fixed income securities will decrease in value when interest rates rise and can be expected to rise in value when interest rates decline. As interest rates decline, debt issuers may repay or refinance their loans or obligations earlier than anticipated. The issuers of fixed income securities may, therefore, repay principal in advance. This would force the Fund to reinvest the proceeds from the principal prepayments at lower rates, which reduces the Fund’s income.

Currency Risks: When the Fund invests in foreign currencies (directly or through a financial instrument) or in securities denominated in a foreign currency, there is the risk that the

 

 

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value of the foreign currency will increase or decrease against the value of the U.S. dollar. The value of an investment denominated in a foreign currency will decline in dollar terms if that currency weakens against the dollar. Additionally, Asian countries may utilize formal or informal currency-exchange controls or “capital controls.” Capital controls may impose restrictions on the Fund’s ability to repatriate investments or income. Capital controls may also affect the value of the Fund’s holdings.

Political, Social and Economic Risks: The value of the Fund’s assets may be adversely affected by political, economic, social and religious instability; inadequate investor protection; changes in laws or regulations of countries within the Asian region; international relations with other nations; natural disasters; corruption and military activity. The Asian region, and particularly China, Japan and South Korea, may be adversely affected by political, military, economic and other factors related to North Korea, the status of Taiwan, border disputes and strained relations between China and Japan. The economies of many Asian countries differ from the economies of more developed countries in many respects, such as rate of growth, inflation, capital reinvestment, financial system stability and the national balance of payments positions. Certain Asian countries are highly dependent upon and may be affected by developments in the United States, Europe and other Asian economies.

Volatility: The smaller size and lower levels of liquidity in Asian markets, as well as other factors, may result in changes in the prices of Asian securities that are more volatile than those of companies in the United States. This volatility can cause the price of the Fund’s shares (NAV) to go up or down dramatically. Because of this volatility, it is recommended that you invest in the Fund only for the long term (at least five years).

Risks Associated with Emerging and Frontier Markets: Many Asian countries are considered emerging or frontier markets. Such markets are often less stable politically and economically than developed markets, and investing in these markets involves different and greater risks. There may be less publicly available information about companies in many Asian countries, and the stock exchanges and brokerage industries in many Asian countries typically do not have the level of government oversight as do those in the United States. Securities markets of many Asian countries are also substantially smaller, less liquid and more volatile than securities markets in the United States.

High-Yield Bonds and Other Lower-Rated Securities: The Fund’s investments in high-yield bonds (“junk bonds,” which are primarily speculative securities) and other lower-rated securities will subject the Fund to substantial risk of loss. Issuers of junk bonds are less financially secure and less able to repay interest and principal compared to issuers of investment-grade securities. Prices of junk bonds tend to be very volatile. These securities are less liquid than investment-grade debt securities and may be difficult to price or sell, particularly in times of negative sentiment toward high-yield securities.

Derivatives Risk (including Options, Futures and Swaps): Derivatives are speculative and may hurt the Fund’s performance. Derivative products are highly specialized instruments that require investment techniques and risk analyses different

from those associated with stocks and bonds. The use of a derivative requires an understanding not only of the underlying instrument but also of the derivative itself, without the benefit of observing the performance of the derivative under all possible market conditions. Derivatives present the risk of disproportionately increased losses and/ or reduced opportunities for gains when the financial asset or measure to which the derivative is linked changes in unexpected ways.

Non-diversified: The Fund is a “non-diversified” investment company, which means that it may invest a larger portion of its assets in the securities of a single issuer compared with a diversified fund. An investment in the Fund therefore will entail greater risk than an investment in a diversified fund because a single security’s increase or decrease in value may have a greater impact on the Fund’s value and total return.

 

 

MATTHEWS ASIA STRATEGIC INCOME FUND      3   


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Past Performance

The bar charts below show the Fund’s performance for each full calendar year since inception and how it has varied from year to year, reflective of the Fund’s volatility and some indication of risk. Also shown are the best and worst quarters for this time period. The table below shows the Fund’s performance over certain periods of time, along with performance of its benchmark index. The index performance does not take into consideration fees, expenses or taxes. The information presented below is past performance, before and after taxes, and is not a prediction of future results. The bar charts and performance table assume reinvestment of all dividends and distributions. For the Fund’s most recent month-end performance, please visit matthewsasia.com or call 800.789.ASIA (2742).

INVESTOR CLASS:

ANNUAL RETURNS FOR YEARS ENDED 12/31

LOGO

INSTITUTIONAL CLASS:

ANNUAL RETURNS FOR YEARS ENDED 12/31

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AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURNS FOR PERIODS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015

 

        1 year        Since Inception
(11/30/11)
 

Matthews Strategic Income Fund—Investor Class

                     

Return before taxes

       0.58%           3.41%   

Return after taxes on distributions1

       -1.72%           2.04%   

Return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares1

       -0.24%           2.08%   

Matthews Strategic Income Fund—Institutional Class

                     

Return before taxes

       -0.27%           3.61%   

Return after taxes on distributions1

       -1.51%           2.16%   

Return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares1

       -0.07%           2.21%   

HSBC Asian Local Bond Index

         
(reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)        -3.17%           1.10%   

 

  1 After-tax returns are calculated using the highest historical individual federal marginal income tax rates and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Actual after-tax returns depend on an investor’s tax situation and may differ from those shown. After-tax returns shown are not relevant to investors who hold their Fund shares through tax-deferred arrangements, such as 401(k) plans or individual retirement accounts.

 

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Investment Advisor

Matthews International Capital Management, LLC (“Matthews”)

Portfolio Managers

Lead Manager: Teresa Kong, CFA, has been a Portfolio Manager of the Asia Strategic Income Fund since its inception in 2011.

Co-Manager: Gerald M. Hwang, CFA, has been a Portfolio Manager of the Asia Strategic Income Fund since its inception in 2011.

Co-Manager: Satya Patel has been a Portfolio Manager of the Asia Strategic Income Fund since 2014.

For important information about the Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares; Tax Information; and Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries, please turn to page 11.

 

MATTHEWS ASIA STRATEGIC INCOME FUND      5   


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LOGO

Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

FUND SUMMARY

 

 

Investment Objective

The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund (the “Credit Fund” or the “Fund”) seeks total return over the long term.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of this Fund.

SHAREHOLDER FEES

(fees paid directly from your investment)

 

        Investor Class      Institutional Class  
Maximum Account Fee on Redemptions
(for wire redemptions only)
       $9         $9   

ANNUAL OPERATING EXPENSES

(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

 

Management Fee               [0.65 %]               [0.65%
Distribution (12b-1) Fees1               0.00              0.00%   
Other Expenses         [1.45 %]         [1.29%

Administration and Shareholder Servicing Fees

     [0.14%]                  [0.14%]           
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses         [2.10 %]         [1.94%

Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement2

              [(1.00 %)]               [(1.04% )] 
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement
        [1.10 %]         [0.90%

 

  1 The Trust’s 12b-1 Plan (the “Plan”) is inactive. Although the Plan currently is not active, it is reviewed by the Board annually in case the Board decides to re-activate the Plan. The Plan would not be re-activated without prior notice to shareholders and any amounts payable under the Plan would be subject to applicable operating expense limitations. If the Plan were reactivated, the fee would be up to 0.25% for each of the Investor Class and Institutional Class, respectively.

 

  2 Matthews has contractually agreed (i) to waive fees and reimburse expenses to the extent needed to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding Rule 12b-1 fees, front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, interest, brokerage commissions, short sale dividend expenses, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) of the Institutional Class to 0.90% first by waiving class specific expenses (i.e., Rule 12b-1 fees or shareholder service fees specific to a particular class) of the Institutional Class and then, to the extent necessary, by waiving non-class specific expenses of the Institutional Class, and (ii) if any Fund-wide expenses (i.e., expenses that apply to both the Institutional Class and the Investor Class) are waived for the Institutional Class to maintain the 0.90% expense limitation, to waive an equal amount (in annual percentage terms) of those same expenses for the Investor Class. The Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement for the Investor Class may vary from year to year and will in some years exceed 0.90%. If the operating expenses fall below the expense limitation in a year within three years after Matthews has made a waiver or reimbursement, the Fund may reimburse Matthews up to an amount that does not cause the expenses for that year to exceed the expense limitation applicable at the time of that fee waiver and/or expense reimbursement or to exceed any other agreed upon expense limitation for that year. This agreement will remain in place until April 30, 2018, may be renewed for additional periods not exceeding one year and may be terminated at any time by the Board of Trustees on behalf of the Fund on 60 days’ written notice to Matthews. Matthews may decline to renew this agreement by written notice to the Trust at least 30 days before its annual expiration date.

EXAMPLE OF FUND EXPENSES

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

     One year   Three years
Investor Class   $112   $423
Institutional Class   $92   $363
 

 

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PORTFOLIO TURNOVER

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example of fund expenses, affect the Fund’s performance. Because, the Fund is newly formed and commenced operations on [            ], 2016, no portfolio turnover data is available for the Fund.

Principal Investment Strategy

Under normal market conditions, the Fund seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing at least 80% of its net assets, which include borrowings for investment purposes, in debt and debt-related instruments issued by companies as well as governments, quasi-governmental entities, and supra-national institutions in Asia. Debt and debt-related instruments typically include bonds, debentures, bills, securitized instruments (which are vehicles backed by pools of assets such as mortgages, loans, or other receivables), notes, certificates of deposit and other bank obligations, bank loans, senior secured bank debt, convertible debt securities, credit-linked notes, inflation-linked instruments, repurchase agreements, preferred equities, warrants, payment-in-kind securities and derivative instruments with fixed income characteristics.

The evaluation of credit risk of securities and issuers will be a key element of our analysis. Matthews uses a fundamentals-based approach with a focus on risk-adjusted return. Matthews seeks to assess whether an instrument’s return is consistent with its risks and its value relative to other investment opportunities. Matthews judges this by analyzing each issuer based on a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, the strength of the balance sheet, the quality and sustainability of cash flows, the incentives and alignment of management, the ability of a company to weather business cycles, and each issuer’s corporate and capital structure. As a result, Matthews may look for investments such as oversold assets with intrinsic value, potential ratings upgrade candidates, event-driven opportunities, as well as relative value opportunities within a company’s capital structure.

A substantial portion of the Fund’s portfolio will be rated below investment grade or, if unrated, may be deemed by the Fund’s portfolio managers to be of comparable quality. Below investment grade securities are commonly referred to as “high yield” securities or “junk bonds.” Such investments should be considered speculative and may include distressed and defaulted securities. High yield bonds tend to provide high income in an effort to compensate investors for their higher risk of default, which is the failure to make required interest or principal payments. High yield bond issuers often include small or relatively new companies lacking the history or capital to merit investment-grade status, former blue chip companies downgraded because of financial problems, companies electing to borrow heavily to finance or avoid a takeover or buyout, and firms with heavy debt loads.

Convertible securities are often below investment grade and perform more like a stock when the underlying share price is high and more like a bond when the underlying share price is low.

Asia consists of all countries and markets in Asia and includes developed, emerging, and frontier countries and markets in the Asian region. An issuer or company is considered to be “located” in a country or a region if it has substantial ties to that country or region, and currently, Matthews makes that determination primarily based on one or more of the following five criteria: if the issuer or company (i) is organized under the laws of that country or any country in that region; (ii) derives at least 50% of its revenues or profits from goods produced or sold, investments made, or services performed, or has at least 50% of its assets located, within that country or region; (iii) has the primary trading markets for its securities in that country or region; (iv) has its principal place of business in or is otherwise headquartered in that country or region; or (v) is a governmental entity or an agency, instrumentality or a political subdivision of that country or any country in that region. Instruments will be deemed to be Asian securities if the issuer is headquartered in an Asian country, the instrument is denominated in the currency of an Asian country, or the instrument is issued with respect to a project located in, or secured or backed by assets located in an Asian country, or is otherwise linked to an Asian country.

The Fund may invest a significant portion of its total net assets, 25% or more, in securities of issuers from a single country (including companies from that country, the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions, and quasi-governmental entities and supra-national institutions issuing debt deemed to be of that country) and up to 25% of the Fund’s total net assets, may be invested in the securities issued by any one Asian government (including its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions).

The Fund may engage in derivative transactions for speculative purposes as well as to manage credit, interest rate and currency exposures of underlying instruments or market exposures. The Fund may use a variety of derivative instruments, including for example, forward contracts, option contracts, futures and options on futures, and swaps (including interest rate swaps, credit default swaps, options or swaptions). The Fund may seek to take on or hedge credit, currency, and interest rate exposure by using derivatives, and, as a result, the Fund’s exposure to credit, currency, and interest rates could exceed the value of the Fund’s assets denominated in that currency and could exceed the value of the Fund’s net assets.

The Fund has no stated maturity or duration target and the average effective maturity or duration target may change. Matthews has implemented risk management systems to monitor the Fund to reduce the risk of loss through overemphasis on a particular issuer, country, industry, currency, or interest rate regime.

Principal Risks of Investment

There is no guarantee that your investment in the Fund will increase in value. The value of your investment in the Fund could go down, meaning you could lose money. The principal risks of investing in the Fund are:

Credit Risk: A debt instrument’s price depends, in part, on the credit quality of the issuer, borrower, counterparty, or underlying collateral and can decline in response to changes

 

 

MATTHEWS ASIA CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND      7   


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in the financial condition of the issuer, borrower, counterparty, or underlying collateral, or changes in specific or general market, economic, industry, political, regulatory, geopolitical, or other conditions. Credit risk tends to rise and fall with credit cycles that may last several years from trough to peak default rates. As such, the underlying credit risk of a borrower might be compounded by a turn in the credit cycle that is characterized by a rise in borrowing costs or a tightening of systemic liquidity. Additionally, because a portion of the securities held by the Fund will be in an external currency to the borrower (i.e. a currency that is not the home currency of the company) there are additional risks connected with the sovereign country of the issuer. For example, these risks may include, but are not limited to, capital controls imposed by the sovereign country that may undermine an issuer’s ability to meet its debt obligations on a full or timely basis.

High-Yield Bonds and Other Lower-Rated Securities: The Fund’s investments in high-yield bonds (“junk bonds,” which are primarily speculative securities) and other lower-rated securities will subject the Fund to substantial risk of loss. Issuers of junk bonds are less financially secure and less able to repay interest and principal compared to issuers of investment-grade securities. Prices of junk bonds tend to be very volatile. These securities are less liquid than investment-grade debt securities and may be difficult to price or sell, particularly in times of negative sentiment toward high-yield securities.

Any investments in distressed or defaulted securities subject the Fund to even greater credit risk than investments in other below investment-grade bonds. Investments in obligations of restructured, distressed and bankrupt issuers, including debt obligations that are already in default, generally trade significantly below par and may be considered illiquid. Defaulted securities are repaid, if at all, only after lengthy bankruptcy (or similar) proceedings, during which the issuer might not make any interest or other payments. Bankruptcy proceedings typically result in only partial repayment of principal and partial payment of interest payments. In addition, recovery could involve an exchange of the defaulted obligation for other debt (which may be subordinated or unsecured) or equity securities of the issuer or its affiliates. Such securities may be illiquid or speculative and be valued by the Fund at significantly less than the original purchase price of the defaulted obligation. In addition, investments in distressed issuers may subject the Fund to liability as a lender.

Convertible Securities Risk. The market value of a convertible security performs like that of a regular debt security, that is, if market interest rates rise, the value of a convertible security usually falls. In addition, convertible securities are subject to the risk that the issuer will not be able to pay interest or dividends when due, and their market value may change based on changes in the issuer’s credit rating or the market’s perception of the issuer’s creditworthiness. Since it derives a portion of its value from the common stock into which it may be converted, a convertible security is also subject to the same types of market and issuer risks that apply to the underlying common stock.

Liquidity Risk: The debt securities and other investments by the Fund may have less liquidity compared to traded stocks and government bonds in Asia, particularly when market developments prompt large numbers of investors to sell debt securities. This means that there may be no willing buyer of the Fund’s portfolio securities and the Fund may have to sell

those securities at a lower price or may not be able to sell the securities at all, each of which would have a negative effect on performance.

Dealer inventories of bonds, which provide an indication of the ability of financial intermediaries to “make markets” in those bonds, are at or near historic lows in relation to market size. This reduction in market making capacity has the potential to decrease liquidity and increase price volatility in the fixed income markets in which the Funds invest, particularly during periods of economic or market stress. As a result of this decreased liquidity, the Funds may have to accept a lower price to sell a security, sell other securities to raise cash, or give up an investment opportunity, any of which could have a negative effect on performance. If the Fund needed to sell large blocks of bonds to meet shareholder redemption requests or to raise cash, those sales could further reduce the bonds’ prices.

Country Concentration: The Fund may invest a significant portion of its total net assets, 25% or more, in the securities of issuers located in a single country (including the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions issuing debt deemed to be of that country, and companies located in that country). An investment in the Fund therefore may entail greater risk than an investment in a fund that does not concentrate its investments in a single or small number of countries because these securities may be more sensitive to adverse social, political, economic or regulatory developments affecting that country or countries, than funds that do not concentrate their investments. Events affecting a single or small number or countries may have a significant and potentially adverse impact on your investment in the Fund, and the Fund’s performance may be more volatile than that of funds that invest globally.

Political, Social and Economic Risks of Investing in Asia: The value of the Fund’s assets may be adversely affected by political, economic, social and religious instability; inadequate investor protection; changes in laws or regulations of countries within the Asian region; international relations with other nations; natural disasters; corruption and military activity. The Asian region, and particularly China, Japan and South Korea, may be adversely affected by political, military, economic and other factors related to North Korea, the status of Taiwan, border disputes and strained relations between China and Japan. The economies of many Asian countries differ from the economies of more developed countries in many respects, such as rate of growth, inflation, capital reinvestment, financial system stability and the national balance of payments positions. Certain Asian countries are highly dependent upon and may be affected by developments in the United States, Europe and other Asian economies.

Risks Associated with Emerging and Frontier Markets: Many Asian countries are considered emerging or frontier markets. Such markets are often less stable politically and economically than developed markets, and investing in these markets involves different and greater risks. There may be less publicly available information about companies in many Asian countries, and the stock exchanges and brokerage industries in many Asian countries typically do not have the level of government oversight as do those in the United States. Securities markets of many Asian countries are also

 

 

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substantially smaller, less liquid and more volatile than securities markets in the United States.

Derivatives Risk (including Options, Futures and Swaps): Derivatives are speculative and may hurt the Fund’s performance. Derivative products are highly specialized instruments that require investment techniques and risk analyses different from those associated with stocks and bonds. The use of a derivative requires an understanding not only of the underlying instrument but also of the derivative itself, without the benefit of observing the performance of the derivative under all possible market conditions. Derivatives present the risk of disproportionately increased losses and/ or reduced opportunities for gains when the financial asset or measure to which the derivative is linked changes in unexpected ways.

Non-diversified: The Fund is a “non-diversified” investment company, which means that it may invest a larger portion of its assets in the securities of a single issuer (including governments, their agencies, instrumentalities and political sub-divisions, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions and companies) compared with a diversified fund. An investment in the Fund therefore will entail greater risk than an investment in a diversified fund because a single security’s increase or decrease in value may have a greater impact on the Fund’s value and total return.

Currency Risks: When the Fund invests in foreign currencies (directly or through a financial instrument) or in securities denominated in a foreign currency, there is the risk that the value of the foreign currency will increase or decrease against the value of the U.S. dollar. The value of an investment denominated in a foreign currency will decline in dollar terms if that currency weakens against the dollar. Additionally, Asian countries may utilize formal or informal currency-exchange controls or “capital controls.” Capital controls may impose restrictions on the Fund’s ability to repatriate investments or income. Capital controls may also affect the value of the Fund’s holdings.

Interest Rate Risk (including Prepayment and Extension Risks): Changes in interest rates in each of the countries in which the Fund may invest, as well as interest rates in more-developed countries, may cause a decline in the market value of an investment. Generally, fixed income securities will decrease in value when interest rates rise and can be expected to rise in value when interest rates decline. As interest rates decline, debt issuers may repay or refinance their loans or obligations earlier than anticipated. The issuers of fixed income securities may, therefore, repay principal in advance. This would force the Fund to reinvest the proceeds from the principal prepayments at lower rates, which reduces the Fund’s income.

Volatility: The smaller size and lower levels of liquidity in Asian markets, as well as other factors, may result in changes in the prices of Asian securities that are more volatile than those of companies in the United States. This volatility can cause the price of the Fund’s shares (NAV) to go up or down dramatically. Because of this volatility, it is recommended that you invest in the Fund only for the long term (at least five years).

 

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Past Performance

The Fund is new and does not have a full calendar year of performance or financial information to present. Once it has been in operation for a full calendar year, performance (including total return) and financial information will be presented. The Fund’s primary benchmark is the J.P. Morgan Asia Credit Index (JACI).

Investment Advisor

Matthews International Capital Management, LLC (“Matthews”)

Portfolio Managers

Lead Manager: Teresa Kong, CFA, has been a Portfolio Manager of the Asia Credit Opportunities Fund since its inception in 2016.

Lead Manager: Satya Patel has been a Portfolio Manager of the Asia Credit Opportunities Fund since its inception in 2016.

For important information about the Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares; Tax Information; and Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries, please turn to page 11.

 

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Important Information

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

You may purchase and sell Fund shares directly through the Fund’s transfer agent by calling 800.789.ASIA (2742) or online at matthewsasia.com. Fund shares may also be purchased and sold through various securities brokers and benefit plan administrators or their sub-agents. You may purchase and redeem Fund shares by electronic bank transfer, check, or wire. The minimum initial and subsequent investment amounts for various types of accounts offered by the Funds are shown below.

INVESTOR CLASS SHARES

 

Type of Account    Minimum Initial Investment    Subsequent Investments
Non-retirement    $2,500    $100
Retirement and Coverdell    $500    $50

INSTITUTIONAL CLASS SHARES

 

Type of Account    Minimum Initial Investment    Subsequent Investments
All accounts    $3,000,000    $100

Minimum amount for Institutional Class Shares may be lower for purchases through certain financial intermediaries and different minimums may apply for retirement plans and other arrangements subject to criteria set by Matthews.

Tax Information

The Funds’ distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Tax-deferred arrangements may be taxed later upon withdrawal from those accounts.

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase Fund shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), Matthews may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. Shareholders who purchase or hold Fund shares through an intermediary may inquire about such payments from that intermediary. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION      11   


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Financial Highlights

The financial highlights tables are intended to help you understand the Strategic Income Fund’s financial performance for the period of the Fund’s operations. Certain information reflects financial results for a single Fund share. The total returns in the tables represent the rate that an investor would have earned (or lost) on an investment in the Fund (assuming reinvestment of all dividends and distributions). This information has been audited by [                    ], LLP, the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm, whose report, along with the Fund’s financial statements, are included in the Fund’s annual report, which is available upon request.

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

The table below sets forth financial data for a share of beneficial interest outstanding throughout each period presented.

 

           Year Ended Dec. 31,     

Period Ended

Dec. 31, 20111

 
INVESTOR SHARES   2015      2014      2013      2012     
Net Asset Value, beginning of period     $[10.31]         $10.42         $10.84         $9.93         $10.00   
Income (loss) from investment operations:              

Net investment income (loss)2

    [0.47]         0.46         0.40         0.37         0.02   

Net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation/depreciation on investments, financial futures contracts and foreign currency

    [(0.53%)]         (0.19)         (0.48)         0.95         (0.07)   

Total from investment operations

    [(0.06)]         0.27         (0.08)         1.32         (0.05)   
Less distributions from:              

Net investment income

    [(0.29)]         (0.38)         (0.35)         (0.42)         (0.02)   

Net realized gains on investments

                    (0.01)                   

Total distributions

    [(0.29)]         (0.38)         (0.36)         (0.42)         (0.02)   
Paid-in capital from redemption fees     3       3       0.02         0.01           
Net Asset Value, end of period     $[9.96]         $10.31         $10.42         $10.84         $9.93   

Total return*

    [(0.58%)]         2.54%         (0.50%)         13.62%         (0.52%) 4 
*The total return represents the rate that an investor would have earned (or lost) on an investment in the Fund assuming reinvestment of all dividends and distributions.   
RATIOS/SUPPLEMENTAL DATA   
Net assets, end of period (in 000s)     $[51,130]         $58,594         $38,051         $29,479         $7,746   
Ratio of expenses to average net assets before any reimbursement, waiver or recapture of expenses by Advisor and Administrator     [1.28%]         1.27%         1.28%         1.85%         3.20% 5 
Ratio of expenses to average net assets after any reimbursement, waiver or recapture of expenses by Advisor and Administrator     [1.12%]         1.13%         1.20%         1.17%         1.00% 5 
Ratio of net investment income (loss) to average net assets     [4.57%]         4.36%         3.75%         3.58%         2.06% 5 
Portfolio turnover6     [43.93%]         34.28%         48.71%         18.45%         3.66% 4 

1 Commencement of operations on November 30, 2011.

2 Calculated using the average daily shares method.

3 Less than $0.01 per share.

4 Not annualized.

5 Annualized.

6 The portfolio turnover rate is calculated on the Fund as a whole without distinguishing between classes of shares issued.

 

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Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

The table below sets forth financial data for a share of beneficial interest outstanding throughout each period presented.

 

           Year Ended Dec. 31,      Period Ended
Dec. 31,  20111
 
INSTITUTIONAL SHARES   2015      2014      2013      2012     
Net Asset Value, beginning of period     $[10.30]         $10.42         $10.83         $9.93         $10.00   
Income (loss) from investment operations:              

Net investment income (loss)2

    [0.49]         0.48         0.42         0.39         0.02   

Net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation/depreciation on investments, financial futures contracts and foreign currency

    [(0.52)]         (0.20)         (0.46)         0.94         (0.07)   

Total from investment operations

    [(0.03)]         0.28         (0.04)         1.33         (0.05)   
Less distributions from:              

Net investment income

    [(0.31)]         (0.40)         (0.38)         (0.44)         (0.02)   

Net realized gains on investments

                    (0.01)                   

Total distributions

    [(0.31)]         (0.40)         (0.39)         (0.44)         (0.02)   
Paid-in capital from redemption fees     3       3       0.02         0.01           
Net Asset Value, end of period     $[9.96]         $10.30         $10.42         $10.83         $9.93   

Total return*

    [(0.27%)]         2.64%         (0.20%)         13.74%         (0.52%) 4 
*The total return represents the rate that an investor would have earned (or lost) on an investment in the Fund assuming reinvestment of all dividends and distributions.   
RATIOS/SUPPLEMENTAL DATA   
Net assets, end of period (in 000s)     $[11,001]         $7,840         $7,662         $6,205         $5,266   
Ratio of expenses to average net assets before any reimbursement, waiver or recapture of expenses by Advisor and Administrator     [1.09%]         1.07%         1.09%         1.70%         3.20% 5 
Ratio of expenses to average net assets after any reimbursement, waiver or recapture of expenses by Advisor and Administrator     [0.90%]         0.93%         1.00%         1.00%         1.00% 5 
Ratio of net investment income (loss) to average net assets     [4.81%]         4.55%         3.99%         3.70%         1.96% 5 
Portfolio turnover6     [43.93%]         34.28%         48.71%         18.45%         3.66% 4 

1 Commencement of operations on November 30, 2011.

2 Calculated using the average daily shares method.

3 Less than $0.01 per share.

4 Not annualized.

5 Annualized.

6 The portfolio turnover rate is calculated on the Fund as a whole without distinguishing between classes of shares issued.

 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS      13   


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LOGO

ASIA: Consists of all countries and markets in Asia, including developed, emerging, and frontier countries and markets in the Asian region

Additional Fund Information

Investment Objectives of the Funds

The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund (the “Strategic Income Fund” or the “Fund”) seeks total return over the long term, with an emphasis on income.

The Matthews Credit Opportunities Fund (the “Credit Fund” or the “Fund”) seeks total return over the long term.

Fundamental Investment Policies

The investment objective of each Fund is fundamental. This means that it cannot be changed without a vote of a majority of the voting securities of each respective Fund.

The manner in which Matthews International Capital Management, LLC (“Matthews”), each Fund’s investment advisor, attempts to achieve the Fund’s investment objective is not fundamental and may be changed without shareholder approval. While an investment policy or restriction may be changed by the Board of Trustees of the Trust (the “Board”) (which oversees the management of the Funds) without shareholder approval, you will be notified before we make any material change.

Matthews’ Investment Approach

Principal Investment Strategies

The principal investment strategies for each Fund are described in the Fund Summary for the applicable Fund.

In seeking to achieve the investment objectives for the Funds, Matthews also employs the investment approach and other non-principal investment strategies as described below.

Matthews is the investment advisor to each Fund. Matthews invests in the Asia region (as defined to the left) based on its assessment of the future development of companies and issuers located in that region. Matthews believes that the region’s countries are on paths toward economic development and, in general, deregulation and greater openness to market forces. Matthews believes that structural improvements throughout the Asian economies during recent years, combined with the ongoing broadening and deepening of Asia’s bond markets, present investors with attractive opportunities in the region’s fixed income and currency markets. Matthews attempts to capitalize on its beliefs by investing, across the capital structure, in companies and countries that it believes are well-positioned to participate in the region’s long-term economic evolution. Matthews uses a range of approaches to participate in the anticipated development of Asia to suit clients’ differing needs and investment objectives.

Matthews uses a fundamentals-based investment process to manage each Fund’s portfolio of fixed income investments, with a focus on risk-adjusted return. Matthews’ fixed income investment process includes six steps, with risk management embedded into each step of the process, in order to identify and capitalize on credit (including counterparty), interest rate (duration), and currency opportunities and risks.

Portfolio Targets. Matthews typically sets portfolio targets across key parameters including currency, interest rate exposure, credit exposure, and asset type. Currency decisions are driven by the appreciation or depreciation potential of particular currencies. Next, duration decisions are made by comparing relative interest rates, the strategy employed to achieve that duration, and anticipated changes in relative interest rates. Credit allocation decisions are made by overweighing or underweighing exposures to different credit qualities. Finally, asset allocation decisions are made based on the relative attractiveness of various asset classes including sovereign, corporate, and convertible securities.

Since the Credit Fund expects to have holdings primarily in U.S. dollar-denominated debt, Matthews expects local currency and local interest rate risk to be limited for that Fund.

 

 

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Idea Generation. After setting portfolio targets, Matthews typically generates investment ideas internally through its focus on the fundamentals of securities, issuers and markets. Matthews identifies a core investable universe consisting primarily of instruments issued by governments, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions and companies in the Asian region. This universe may include instruments denominated in local currencies and other currencies (including U.S. dollars, euro and yen).

Matthews narrows this investable universe based on a fundamental analysis of the issuer. For corporate issuers, this includes a financial statement analysis of cash flows, profit margins, leverage and other factors. For governmental and quasi-governmental issuers, Matthews’ analysis includes debt sustainability factors, inflation and currency stability.

Issuer Selection. After narrowing the investable universe, Matthews conducts a deeper review of issuers and securities to address the critical uncertainties that may surround an investment opportunity. For corporate bonds, Matthews considers the sustainability of the issuer’s capital structure in the context of its business model. The process typically involves an analysis of financial statements, meetings with management and stakeholders, and a review of the legal, regulatory and competitive environments in which the issuer operates and the security is issued. The analogous process for governmental, quasi-governmental and supra-national issues includes an analysis of fundamental factors, including: consumption trends, investments, government spending, exports, imports, employment, credit growth, inflation, monetary policy, currency stability, debt sustainability, political development and stability, and legal, regulatory and market structures.

Matthews believes that in-depth research is paramount to identifying investment opportunities, assessing credit quality, evaluating duration exposure, seeking price anomalies, and making asset allocation decisions.

Security Selection. The primary driver of security selection is Matthews’ relative conviction along the key dimensions of credit, interest rate, and currency. For issuers of whom Matthews has developed a favorable investment thesis along all three dimensions, Matthews may hold local-currency denominated and/or foreign-currency denominated bonds of the same underlying issuer. Matthews seeks to identify securities of an issuer (whether governmental, quasi-governmental or corporate) that will help Matthews achieve each Fund’s investment objective within the context of its overall portfolio construction.

Relative value analysis is another critical component in security selection. Relative value analysis seeks to identify securities that are undervalued or overvalued:

 

T   Compared to securities of similar issuers.

 

T   Compared to securities of the same issuer at different parts of the yield curve.

 

T   Compared to securities of the same issuer in different parts of the issuer’s capital structure (i.e., bank loans, senior secured debt, senior debt, subordinated debt, convertibles/preferred stock and equity).

Portfolio Construction. Matthews’ key considerations in constructing a portfolio and determining position sizes of individual securities include:

 

T   Currency. Overall currency exposure by denomination. Since the Credit Fund expects to have holdings primarily in U.S. dollar-denominated debt, Matthews expects local currency and local interest rate risk to be limited for that Fund.

 

T   Interest rate. Overall sensitivity to changes in interest rate levels.

 

T   Credit quality. Overall probability of default and, for the Strategic Income Fund, relative exposure to corporate compared to governmental issuers.

 

T   Entity type. For the Strategic Income Fund, diversification of overall exposure to sovereigns and quasi-governmental entities, versus corporates.

 

T   Seniority. Exposure to different risk and return characteristics of securities at different parts of the corporate capital structure.

 

T   Volatility. Overall expected volatility of the portfolio.

 

ADDITIONAL FUND INFORMATION      15   


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Portfolio Monitoring. Matthews monitors each Fund’s portfolio along the credit, interest rate, and currency dimensions of risk and return. This review is guided by the Fund’s investment objective, Matthews’ assessment of targeted portfolio exposures, and tolerance levels. Matthews also assesses the potential impact of position sizes on market prices and returns.

Performance Attribution. Matthews conducts attribution analysis to monitor and quantify the extent to which returns and risks are consistent with the expected drivers of returns and risks identified in the portfolio construction process (i.e., the assumptions used when the investment was made). In cases where previously unknown or unintended risks are identified and quantified, Matthews feeds this information back into its security selection and portfolio construction process, resulting in a continuous risk management process.

Non-Principal Investment Strategies

In extreme market conditions, Matthews may sell some or all of a Fund’s securities and temporarily invest the Fund’s money in U.S. government securities or money-market instruments backed by U.S. government securities, if it believes it is in the best interest of shareholders to do so.

 

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Risks of Investing in the Funds

The main risks associated with investing in the Funds are described below and in the Fund Summaries at the front of this prospectus. Additional information is also included in the Funds’ Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”).

General Risks

There is no guarantee that a Fund’s investment objective will be achieved or that the value of the investments of any Fund will increase. If the value of a Fund’s investments declines, the net asset value per share (“NAV”) of the Fund will decline, and investors may lose some or all of the value of their investments.

Foreign securities held by the Funds may be traded on days and at times when the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) is closed, and the NAVs of the Funds are therefore not calculated. Accordingly, the NAVs of the Funds may be significantly affected on days when shareholders are not able to buy or sell shares of the Funds. For additional information on the calculation of the Funds’ NAVs, see page     .

Your investment in the Funds is exposed to many different financial, market, regional and country-related risks, including, but not limited to, the lower degree of economic development in some countries, less developed and more uncertain legal and financial systems, unusual or unique political structures, unpredictable foreign relations, the state of international economics and the global financial system, natural resources dependencies, and the effect of climate and environmental conditions.

Because of these risks, your investment in a Fund should constitute only a portion of your overall investment portfolio, not all of it. We recommend that you invest in a Fund only for the long term (at least five years), so that you can better manage volatility in the Fund’s NAV (as described below). Investing in regionally concentrated, single-country or small company funds, such as the Funds, may not be appropriate for all investors.

Risks Associated with Matthews’ Investment Approach

Matthews is an active manager, and its investment process does not rely on passive or index strategies. For this reason, you should not expect that the composition of the Funds will closely track the composition or weightings of market indices or of the broader markets generally. As a result, investors should expect that changes in the Funds’ NAVs and performance (over short and longer periods) will vary from the performance of such indices and of broader markets. Differences in the performance of the Funds and any index (or the markets generally) may also result from the Funds’ fair valuation procedures, which the Funds use to value their holdings for purposes of determining each Fund’s NAV, see page     .

Principal Risks

Non-Diversification Risk

Because each Fund is non-diversified, securities issued by a relatively small number of governmental and quasi-governmental entities, companies and industries may represent a large portion of the Fund’s portfolio. These countries, companies and industries may be especially sensitive to adverse social, political, economic or regulatory developments. Therefore, events affecting a small number of countries, companies or industries may have a significant and potentially adverse impact on your investment in a Fund. Additionally, because each Fund concentrates its investments in a single region of the world, the Fund’s performance may be more volatile than that of funds that invest globally. If Asian securities fall out of favor, it may cause a Fund to underperform funds that do not concentrate in a single region or country.

 

There is no guarantee that your investment in a Fund will increase in value. The value of your investment in a Fund could go down, meaning you could lose some or all of your investment.

 

For additional information about strategies and risks, see the Fund Summary and the Funds’ SAI. The SAI is available to you free of charge. To receive an SAI, please call 800.789.ASIA (2742), visit the Funds’ website at matthewsasia.com, or visit the website of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) at sec.gov and access the EDGAR database.

 

 

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Credit Risk

Credit risk refers to the likelihood that an issuer will default in the payment of the principal or interest on an instrument and is broadly gauged by the credit ratings of the securities in which a Fund invests. However, ratings are only the opinions of rating agencies and are not guarantees of the quality of the securities. In addition, the depth and liquidity of the market for a fixed income security may affect its credit risk. Credit risk of a security may change over its life and rated securities are often reviewed and may be subject to downgrade by a rating agency. Each Fund faces the risk that the creditworthiness of an issuer may decline, causing the value of the bonds to decline. In addition, an issuer may not be able to make timely payments on the interest and/or principal on the bonds it has issued. Because the issuers of high-yield bonds or junk bonds (bonds rated below the fourth highest category) may be in uncertain financial health, the prices of these bonds may be more vulnerable to bad economic news or even the expectation of bad news, than investment-grade bonds. In some cases, bonds, particularly high-yield bonds, may decline in credit quality or go into default. Because the Funds may invest in securities not paying current interest or in securities already in default, these risks may be more pronounced. Fixed income securities are not traded on exchanges. The over-the-counter market may be illiquid, and there may be times when no counterparty is willing to purchase or sell certain securities. The nature of the market may make valuations difficult or unreliable.

Laws governing creditors’ rights, insolvency and bankruptcy are less developed in many Asian countries compared to the United States, and may have less ability to protect the rights of investors, especially non-local investors, such as the Funds. In many counties, local bankruptcy and insolvency laws have not kept pace with the globalization of companies, resulting in substantial uncertainty and extensive delays in bankruptcy proceedings. For these reasons, the Funds may not be able to recover assets or other proceeds if the issuer of a debt security is not able to pay its debt.

Interest Rate and Related Risks

Interest rates have an effect on the value of each Fund’s fixed income investments because the value of those investments will vary as interest rates fluctuate. Changes in interest rates in each of the countries in which a Fund may invest, as well as interest rates in more-developed countries, may cause a decline in the market value of an investment. In a portfolio with bonds linked to multiple interest rate regimes, the duration of the portfolio is the weighted average of all the interest rate durations across all the interest rate regimes and does not indicate price sensitivity to changes on any one interest rate regime. Generally, fixed income securities will decrease in value when interest rates rise and can be expected to rise in value when interest rates decline. The longer the effective maturity of a Fund’s securities, the more sensitive the Fund will be to interest rate changes. (As an approximation, a 1% rise in interest rates means a 1% fall in value for every year of

duration.) Duration is a measure of the average life of a fixed income security that was developed as a more precise alternative to the concepts of “term to maturity” or “average dollar weighted maturity” as measures of “volatility” or “risk” associated with changes in interest rates. With respect to the composition of a fixed income portfolio, the longer the duration of the portfolio, generally the greater the anticipated potential for total return, with, however, greater attendant interest rate risk and price volatility than for a portfolio with a shorter duration.

Prepayment Risk—As interest rates decline, debt issuers may repay or refinance their loans or obligations earlier than anticipated. The issuers of callable corporate bonds and similar securities may, therefore, repay principal in advance. This forces a Fund to reinvest the proceeds from the principal prepayments at lower rates, which reduces the Fund’s income. In addition, changes in prepayment levels can increase the volatility of prices and yields on bonds and similar securities held by a Fund. If a Fund pays a premium (a price higher than the principal amount of the bond) for a security and that security is prepaid, the Fund may not recover the premium, resulting in a capital loss.

Extension Risk—Extension risk is the risk that principal repayments will not occur as quickly as anticipated, causing the expected maturity of a security to increase. Rapidly rising interest rates may cause prepayments to occur more slowly than expected, thereby lengthening the maturity of the securities held by a Fund and making their prices more sensitive to rate changes and more volatile.

Income Risk—A Fund’s income could decline during periods of falling interest rates.

Currency Risk

A decline in the value of a foreign currency relative to the U.S. dollar reduces the value of the foreign currency and investments denominated in that currency. In addition, the use of foreign exchange contracts to reduce foreign currency exposure can eliminate some or all of the benefit of an increase in the value of a foreign currency versus the U.S. dollar. The value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar fluctuates in response to, among other factors, interest rate changes, intervention (or failure to intervene) by the U.S. or foreign governments, central banks, or supranational entities such as the International Monetary Fund, the imposition of currency controls, and other political or regulatory conditions in the U.S. or abroad. Foreign currency values can decrease significantly both in the short term and over the long term in response to these and other conditions.

High-Yield Bonds and Other Lower-Rated Securities

Each Fund’s investments in high-yield bonds (commonly referred to as “junk bonds,” which are primarily speculative securities, and include unrated securities, regardless of quality) and other lower-rated securities will subject the Fund to substantial risk of loss. Issuers of these securities are generally

 

 

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considered to be less financially secure and less able to repay interest and principal than issuers of investment-grade securities. Prices of high-yield bonds tend to be very volatile. These securities are less liquid than investment-grade debt securities and may be difficult to price or sell, particularly in times of negative sentiment toward high-yield securities. A Fund’s investments in lower-rated securities may involve the following specific risks:

 

T   Greater risk of loss due to default because of the increased likelihood that adverse economic or company specific events will make the issuer unable to pay interest and/or principal when due;

 

T   Wider price fluctuations due to changing interest rates and/ or adverse economic and business developments; and

 

T   Greater risk of loss due to declining credit quality.

Sovereign Debt Risk

Investment in sovereign debt can involve a high degree of risk. Legal protections available with respect to corporate issuers (e.g., bankruptcy, liquidation and reorganization laws) do not generally apply to governmental entities or sovereign debt. Accordingly, creditor seniority rights, claims to collateral and similar rights may provide limited protection and may be unenforceable. The governmental entity that controls the repayment of sovereign debt may not be able or willing to repay the principal and/or interest when due in accordance with the terms of such debt. A government entity’s willingness or ability to repay principal and interest due in a timely manner may be affected by, among other factors, its cash flow situation, the extent of its foreign reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange on the date a payment is due, the relative size of the debt service burden to the economy as a whole, the governmental entity’s policy toward the International Monetary Fund, and the political constraints to which a governmental entity may be subject. A Fund may have limited recourse to compel payment in the event of a default.

Country Concentration Risk

Each Fund may invest a significant portion of its total net assets, 25% or more, in the securities of issuers located in a single country (including the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions issuing debt deemed to be of that country, and companies located in that country). An investment in the Funds could therefore subject it to the risks associated with any such country, which would entail greater risk than an investment in a fund that does not concentrate its investments in issuers located in a single country. This makes the Funds more vulnerable to the currency and interest rate risks associated with any such country relative to a broadly diversified fund. For information concerning the risks associated with an investment in particular countries, see     .

Call Risk

If an issuer calls higher-yielding debt instruments held by a Fund, performance could be adversely impacted.

 

Derivatives Risk

Derivatives are speculative and may hurt a Fund’s performance. Derivatives present the risk of disproportionately increased losses and/or reduced opportunities for gains when the financial asset or measure to which the derivative is linked changes in unexpected ways. The potential benefits to be derived from a Fund’s options, futures and derivatives strategy are dependent upon the portfolio managers’ ability to discern pricing inefficiencies and predict trends in these markets, which decisions could prove to be inaccurate. This requires different skills and techniques than predicting changes in the price of individual equity or debt securities, and there can be no assurance that the use of this strategy will be successful. Some additional risks of investing in derivatives include:

 

T   The other party to the derivatives contract may fail to fulfill its obligations;

 

T   Their use may reduce liquidity and make a Fund harder to value, especially in declining markets;

 

T   A Fund may suffer disproportionately heavy losses relative to the amount invested; and

 

T   Changes in the value of derivatives may not match or fully offset changes in the value of the hedged portfolio securities, thereby failing to achieve the original purpose for using the derivatives.

Recent legislation calls for new regulation of the derivatives markets. The extent and impact of the regulation are not yet known and may not be known for some time. New regulation of derivatives may make them more costly, may limit their availability, or may otherwise adversely affect their value or performance. In addition, in early 2012, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) adopted a final rule that limits the Funds’ ability to use futures in reliance on certain CFTC exemptions. If a Fund could not satisfy the requirements for the amended exemption, the investment strategy, disclosure and operations of the Fund would need to comply with all applicable regulations governing commodity pools.

Convertible Securities

The risks of convertible bonds and debentures include substantial volatility, repayment risk and interest rate risk. Many Asian convertible securities are not rated by rating agencies like Moody’s, S&P or Fitch, or, if they are rated, they may be rated below investment grade (“junk bonds,” which are primarily speculative securities, and include unrated securities, regardless of quality) which may have a greater risk of default. Convertible securities may trade less frequently and in lower volumes, or have periods of less frequent trading. Lower trading volume may also make it more difficult for a Fund to value such securities.

Bank Obligations

Bank obligations are obligations issued or guaranteed by U.S. or foreign banks. Bank obligations, including without limitation, time deposits, bankers’ acceptances and certificates of deposit, may be general obligations of the parent bank or may

 

 

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be limited to the issuing branch by the terms of the specific obligations or by government regulations. Banks are subject to extensive but different governmental regulations which may limit both the amount and types of loans which may be made and interest rates which may be charged. General economic conditions as well as exposure to credit losses arising from possible financial difficulties of borrowers play an important part in the operation of the banking industry.

Dividend-Paying Equities

The Funds, particularly the Strategic Income Fund, will invest in dividend-paying equity securities. There can be no guarantee that companies that have historically paid dividends will continue to pay them or pay them at the current rates in the future. A reduction or discontinuation of dividend payments may have a negative impact on the value of a Fund’s holdings in these companies. The prices of dividend-paying equity securities (and particularly of those issued by Asian companies) can be highly volatile. A Fund’s investments in these securities may increase the volatility of the Fund’s NAV, and may not provide “protection,” comparable to debt securities, when markets perform poorly. In addition, dividend-paying equity securities, in particular those whose market price is closely related to their yield, may exhibit greater sensitivity to interest rate changes. During periods of rising interest rates, the value of such securities may decline. However, a Fund’s investment in such securities may increase its potential for appreciation during a broad market advance. The inclusion of Passive Foreign Investment Companies (“PFICs”) in the portfolio can result in higher variability—both negatively and positively—in the income distribution.

Developments in Global Credit and Equity Markets

Global capital markets in 2008 and 2009 experienced credit and valuation problems and the mass liquidation of investment portfolios. These conditions have generated extreme volatility and illiquidity. Volatility and illiquidity were exacerbated by, among other things, decreased risk tolerance by investors, significantly tightened availability of credit and global deleveraging, and uncertainty regarding the extent of the problems in the mortgage industry and financial institutions generally. This financial crisis caused a significant decline in the value and liquidity of many securities, and made valuation of many types of securities more difficult.

Although market conditions started to improve in 2009, many difficult conditions remain or may return. Because of the expansive scope of these conditions, past investment strategies and models may not be able to identify all significant risks that a Fund may encounter, or to predict the duration of these events. These conditions could prevent a Fund from successfully executing its investment strategies, result in future declines in the market values of the investment assets held by the Fund, or require the Fund to dispose of investments at a loss while such adverse market conditions prevail.

Each Fund attempts to remain fully invested at all times, anticipates making direct and indirect investments in Asian

currencies, and does not anticipate hedging currency risks. These practices may make a Fund’s performance more volatile, especially during periods of distress in financial and credit markets. Although a Fund may hedge a portion of its interest rate risks, there can be no assurance that any hedges will be effective even if implemented.

Regional and Country Risks

In addition to the risks discussed above, there are specific risks associated with investing in the Asian region, including the risk of severe economic, political or military disruption. The Asian region comprises countries in all stages of economic development. Some Asian economies may experience overextension of credit, currency devaluations and restrictions, rising unemployment, high inflation, underdeveloped financial services sectors, heavy reliance on international trade and prolonged economic recessions. Many Asian countries are dependent on foreign supplies of energy. A significant increase in energy prices could have an adverse impact on these economies and the region as a whole.

The economies of many Asian countries (especially those whose development has been export-driven) are dependent on the economies of the United States, Europe and other Asian countries, and, as seen in the developments in global credit and equity markets in 2008 and 2009, events in any of these economies could negatively impact the economies of Asian countries.

Currency fluctuations, devaluations and trading restrictions in any one country can have a significant effect on the entire Asian region. Increased political and social instability in any Asian country could cause further economic and market uncertainty in the region, or result in significant downturns and volatility in the economies of Asian countries. As an example, in the late 1990s, the economies in the Asian region suffered significant downturns and increased volatility in their financial markets.

The development of Asian economies, and particularly those of China, Japan and South Korea, may also be affected by political, military, economic and other factors related to North Korea. Negotiations to ease tensions and resolve the political division of the Korean peninsula have been carried on from time to time producing sporadic and inconsistent results. There have also been efforts to increase economic, cultural and humanitarian contacts among North Korea, South Korea, Japan and other nations. There can be no assurance that such negotiations or efforts will continue or will ease tensions in the region. Any military action or other instability could adversely impact the ability of a Fund to achieve its investment objective. Lack of available information regarding North Korea is also a significant risk factor.

Some companies in the region may have less established stakeholder governance and disclosure standards than in the U.S. Some companies are controlled by family and financial institutional investors whose investment decisions may be

 

 

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hard to predict based on standard U.S.-based securities analysis. Consequently, investments may be vulnerable to unfavorable decisions by the management or shareholders. Corporate protectionism (e.g., the adoption of poison pills and restrictions on shareholders seeking to influence management) appears to be increasing, which could adversely impact the value of affected companies. As these countries may be considered emerging or frontier markets, the governments of these countries may be more unstable and more likely to impose controls on market prices (including, for example, limitations on daily price movements), which may negatively impact a Fund’s ability to acquire or dispose of a position in a timely manner. Emerging and frontier market countries may also impose controls on market prices (including, for example, limitations on daily price movements), which may negatively impact a Fund’s ability to acquire or dispose of a position in a timely manner. Emerging market countries may also impose capital controls, nationalize a company or industry, place restrictions on foreign ownership and on withdrawing sale proceeds of securities from the country, and/or impose punitive taxes that could adversely affect the prices of securities. Additionally, because these markets may not be as mature, there may be increased settlement risks for transactions in local securities.

Economies in this region may also be more susceptible to natural disasters (including earthquakes and tsunami), or adverse changes in climate or weather. The risks of such phenomena and resulting social, political, economic and environmental damage (including nuclear pollution) cannot be quantified. Economies in which agriculture occupies a prominent position, and countries with limited natural resources (such as oil and natural gas), may be especially vulnerable to natural disasters and climatic changes.

China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan

China. The Chinese government exercises significant control over China’s economy through its industrial policies (e.g., allocation of resources and other preferential treatment), monetary policy, management of currency exchange rates, and management of the payment of foreign currency-denominated obligations. For over three decades, the Chinese government has been reforming economic and market practices and providing a larger sphere for private ownership of property. While currently contributing to growth and prosperity, these reforms could be altered or discontinued at any time. Changes in these policies could adversely impact affected industries or companies. Military conflicts, either in response to internal social unrest or conflicts with other countries, could disrupt economic development. China’s long-running conflict over Taiwan remains unresolved, while territorial border disputes persist with several neighboring countries. While economic relations with Japan have deepened, the political relationship between the two countries has become more strained in recent years, which could weaken economic ties. There is also a greater risk involved in currency fluctuations, currency convertibility, interest rate

fluctuations and higher rates of inflation. The Chinese government also sometimes takes actions intended to increase or decrease the values of Chinese stocks. China’s economy, particularly its export-oriented industries, may be adversely impacted by trade or political disputes with China’s major trading partners, including the U.S. In addition, as its consumer class emerges, China’s domestically oriented industries may be especially sensitive to changes in government policy and investment cycles. Social cohesion in China is being tested by growing income inequality and larger scale environmental degradation. Social instability could threaten China’s political system and economic growth, which could decrease the value of a Fund’s investments. Accounting, auditing, financial, and other reporting standards, practices and disclosure requirements in China are different, sometimes in fundamental ways, from those in the U.S. and certain Western European countries. Although the Chinese government adopted a new set of Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises effective January 1, 2007, which are similar to the International Financial Reporting Standards, the accounting practices in China continue to be frequently criticized and challenged.

Hong Kong. Hong Kong has been governed by the Basic Law, which guarantees a high degree of autonomy from China in certain matters until 2047. If China were to exert its authority so as to alter the economic, political or legal structures or the existing social policy of Hong Kong, investor and business confidence in Hong Kong could be negatively affected, which in turn could negatively affect markets and business performance and have an adverse effect on the Fund’s investments. There is uncertainty as to whether China will continue to respect the relative independence of Hong Kong and refrain from exerting a tighter grip on Hong Kong’s political, economic and social concerns. In addition, the Hong Kong dollar trades within a fixed trading band rate to (or is “pegged” to) the U.S. dollar. This fixed exchange rate has contributed to the growth and stability of the Hong Kong economy. However, some market participants have questioned the continued viability of the currency peg. It is uncertain what effect any discontinuance of the currency peg and the establishment of an alternative exchange rate system would have on capital markets generally and the Hong Kong economy.

Macau. Although Macau is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, it maintains a high-degree of autonomy from China in economic matters. Macau’s economy is heavily dependent on the gaming sector and tourism industries, and its exports are dominated by textiles and apparel. Accordingly, Macau’s growth and development are highly dependent upon external economic conditions, particularly those in China.

Taiwan. The political reunification of China and Taiwan, over which China continues to claim sovereignty, is a highly complex issue and is unlikely to be settled in the near future. Although the relationship between China and Taiwan has

 

 

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been improving, there is the potential for future political or economic disturbances that may have an adverse impact on the values of investments in either China or Taiwan, or make investments in China and Taiwan impractical or impossible. Any escalation of hostility between China and Taiwan would likely distort Taiwan’s capital accounts, as well as have a significant adverse impact on the value of investments in both countries and the region.

Other Asian Countries

Australia. The Australian economy is dependent, in particular, on the price and demand for agricultural products and natural resources. The United States and China are Australia’s largest trade and investment partners, which may make the Australian markets sensitive to economic and financial events in those two countries. Australian markets may also be susceptible to sustained increases in oil prices as well as weakness in commodity and labor markets.

Bangladesh. Bangladesh is facing many economic hurdles, including weak political institutions, poor infrastructure, lack of privatization of industry and a labor force that has outpaced job growth in the country. High poverty and inflationary tensions may cause social unrest, which could weigh negatively on business sentiment and capital investment. Bangladesh’s developing capital markets rely primarily on domestic investors. The recent overheating of the stock market and subsequent correction underscored weakness in capital markets and regulatory oversight. Corruption remains a serious impediment to investment and economic growth in Bangladesh, and the country’s legal system makes debt collection unpredictable, dissuading foreign investment. Bangladesh is geographically located in a part of the world that is historically prone to natural disasters and is economically sensitive to environmental events.

Cambodia. Cambodia is experiencing a period of political stability and relative peace following years of violence under the Khmer Rouge regime. Despite its recent growth and stability, Cambodia faces risks from a weak infrastructure (particularly power generation capacity and the high cost of electric power), a poorly developed education system, inefficient bureaucracy and charges of government corruption. Very low foreign exchange reserves make Cambodia vulnerable to sudden capital flight, and the banking system suffers from a lack of oversight and very high dollarization. Further, destruction of land-ownership records during the Khmer Rouge regime has resulted in numerous land disputes, which strain the country’s institutional capacity and threaten violence and demonstrations.

India. In India, the government has exercised and continues to exercise significant influence over many aspects of the economy. Government actions, bureaucratic obstacles and inconsistent economic reform within the Indian government have had a significant effect on its economy and could adversely affect market conditions, economic growth and the profitability of private enterprises. Global factors and foreign

actions may inhibit the flow of foreign capital on which India is dependent to sustain its growth. Large portions of many Indian companies remain in the hands of their founders (including members of their families). Corporate governance standards of family-controlled companies may be weaker and less transparent, which increases the potential for loss and unequal treatment of investors. India experiences many of the risks associated with developing economies, including relatively low levels of liquidity, which may result in extreme volatility in the prices of Indian securities.

Religious, cultural and military disputes persist in India, and between India and Pakistan (as well as sectarian groups within each country). The longstanding border dispute with Pakistan remains unresolved. In recent years, terrorists believed to be based in Pakistan struck Mumbai (India’s financial capital), further damaging relations between the two countries. If the Indian government is unable to control the violence and disruption associated with these tensions (including both domestic and external sources of terrorism), the result may be military conflict, which could destabilize the economy of India. Both India and Pakistan have tested nuclear arms, and the threat of deployment of such weapons could hinder development of the Indian economy, and escalating tensions could impact the broader region, including China.

Indonesia. Indonesia’s political institutions and democracy have a relatively short history, increasing the risk of political instability. Indonesia has in the past faced political and militant unrest within several of its regions, and further unrest could present a risk to the local economy and stock markets. The country has also experienced acts of terrorism, predominantly targeted at foreigners, which has had a negative impact on tourism. Corruption and the perceived lack of a rule of law in dealings with international companies in the past may have discouraged much needed foreign direct investment. Should this issue remain, it could negatively impact the long-term growth of the economy. In addition, many economic development problems remain, including high unemployment, a developing banking sector, endemic corruption, inadequate infrastructure, a poor investment climate and unequal resource distribution among regions.

Japan. The Japanese yen has shown volatility over the past two decades and such volatility could affect returns in the future. The yen may also be affected by currency volatility elsewhere in Asia, especially Southeast Asia. Depreciation of the yen, and any other currencies in which a Fund’s securities are denominated, will decrease the value of the Fund’s holdings. Japan’s economy could be negatively impacted by many factors, including rising interest rates, tax increases and budget deficits.

In the longer term, Japan will have to address the effects of an aging population, such as a shrinking workforce and higher welfare costs. To date, Japan has had restrictive immigration policies that, combined with other demographic concerns, appear to be having a negative impact on the economy.

 

 

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Japan’s growth prospects appear to be dependent on its export capabilities. Japan’s neighbors, in particular China, have become increasingly important export markets. Despite a deepening in the economic relationship between Japan and China, the countries’ political relationship has at times been strained in recent years. Should political tension increase, it could adversely affect the economy, especially the export sector, and destabilize the region as a whole. Japan also remains heavily dependent on oil imports, and higher commodity prices could therefore have a negative impact on the economy.

Laos. Laos is a poor, developing country ruled by an authoritarian, Communist, one-party government. It is politically stable, with political power centralized in the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. Laos’ economic growth is driven largely by the construction, mining and hydroelectric sectors. However, the increased development of natural resources could lead to social imbalances, particularly in light of Laos’ underdeveloped health care and education systems. Laos is a poorly regulated economy with limited rule of law. Corruption, patronage and a weak legal system threaten to slow economic development. Another major risk for Laos is the stability of its banks, which, despite the significant credit growth since 2009, are under-capitalized and inadequately supervised.

Malaysia. Malaysia has previously imposed currency controls and a 10% “exit levy” on profits repatriated by foreign entities such as the Fund and has limited foreign ownership of Malaysian companies (which may artificially support the market price of such companies). The Malaysian capital controls have been changed in significant ways since they were first adopted without prior warning on September 1, 1998. Malaysia has also abolished the exit levy. However, there can be no assurance that the Malaysian capital controls will not be changed adversely in the future or that the exit levy will not be re-established, possibly to the detriment of a Fund and its shareholders. In addition, Malaysia is currently exhibiting political instability which could have an adverse impact on the country’s economy.

Mongolia. Mongolia has experienced political instability in conjunction with its election cycles. Mongolian governments have had a history of cycling favorable treatment among China, Russia, Japan, the United States and Europe and may at any time abruptly change current policies in a manner adverse to investors. In addition, assets in Mongolia may be subject to nationalization, requisition or confiscation (whether legitimate or not) by any government authority or body. Government corruption and inefficiencies are also a problem. Mongolia’s unstable economic policies and regulations towards foreign investors threaten to impede necessary growth of production capacity. Additionally, the Mongolian economy is extremely dependent on the price of minerals and Chinese demand for Mongolian exports.

Myanmar. Myanmar (formerly Burma) is emerging from nearly half a century of isolation under military rule and from

the gradual suspension of sanctions imposed for human rights violations. However, Myanmar struggles with rampant corruption, poor infrastructure (including basic infrastructure, such as transport, telecoms and electricity), ethnic tensions, a shortage of technically proficient workers and a dysfunctional bureaucratic system. Myanmar has no established corporate bond market or stock exchange and has a limited banking system. Additionally, despite democratic trends and progress on human rights, Myanmar’s political situation remains fluid, and there remains the possibility of reinstated sanctions.

Pakistan. Changes in the value of investments in Pakistan and in companies with significant economic ties to that country largely depend on continued economic growth and reform in Pakistan, which remains uncertain and subject to a variety of risks. Pakistan has faced, and continues to face, high levels of political instability and social unrest at both the regional and national levels. Ongoing border disputes with India may result in armed conflict between the two nations, and Pakistan’s geographic location and its shared borders with Afghanistan and Iran increase the risk that it will be involved in, or otherwise affected by, international conflict. Pakistan’s economic growth is in part attributable to high levels of international support, which may be significantly reduced or terminated in response to changes in the political leadership of Pakistan. Pakistan faces a wide range of other economic problems and risks, such as the uncertainty over the privatization efforts, the substantial natural resource constraints it is subject to, its large budgetary and current account deficits as well as trade deficits, its judicial system that is still developing and widely perceived as lacking transparency, and inflation.

Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea is a small country that faces challenges in maintaining political stability. Papua New Guinea’s newly elected government promises reforms to address rampant corruption and revolving-door politics, but the success of these efforts remains to be seen. Other challenges facing Papua New Guinea include providing physical security for foreign investors, regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, privatizing state institutions and maintaining good relations with Australia. Exploitation of Papua New Guinea’s natural resources is limited by terrain, land tenure issues and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Papua New Guinea has several thousand distinct and heterogeneous indigenous communities, which create additional challenges in dealing with tribal conflicts, some of which have been going on for millennia.

Philippines. Philippines’ consistently large budget deficit has produced a high debt level and has forced the country to spend a large portion of its national government budget on debt service. Large, unprofitable public enterprises, especially in the energy sector, contribute to the government’s debt because of slow progress on privatization.

Singapore. As a small open economy, Singapore is particularly vulnerable to external economic influences, such as the Asian economic crisis of the late 1990s. Singapore has been a leading

 

 

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manufacturer of electronics goods. However, the extent to which other countries can successfully compete with Singapore in this and related industries, and adverse Asian economic influences generally, may negatively affect Singapore’s economy.

South Korea. Investing in South Korean securities has special risks, including those related to political, economic and social instability and the potential for increased militarization in North Korea (see Regional and Country Risks above). The market capitalization and trading volume of issuers in South Korean securities markets are concentrated in a small number of issuers, which results in potentially fewer investment opportunities for the Fund. South Korea’s financial sector has shown certain signs of systemic weakness and illiquidity, which, if exacerbated, could prove to be a material risk for any investments in South Korea.

There are also a number of risks to a Fund associated with the South Korean government. The South Korean government has historically exercised and continues to exercise substantial influence over many aspects of the private sector. The South Korean government from time to time has informally influenced the prices of certain products, encouraged companies to invest or to concentrate in particular industries and induced mergers between companies in industries experiencing excess capacity.

Sri Lanka. Civil war and terrorism have disrupted the economic, social and political stability of Sri Lanka for decades. While these tensions appear to have lessened, there is potential for continued instability resulting from ongoing ethnic conflict. Sri Lanka faces severe income inequality, high inflation and a sizable public debt load. Sri Lanka relies heavily on foreign assistance in the form of grants and loans from a number of countries and international organizations such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Changes in international political sentiment may have significant adverse effects on the Sri Lankan economy.

Thailand. In recent years Thailand has experienced increased political, social and militant unrest, negatively impacting tourism and the broader economy. Thailand’s political institutions remain unseasoned, increasing the risk of political instability. In September 2006, Thailand’s elected government was overthrown in a military coup and replaced by new leadership backed by a military junta. Political and social unrest have continued following the coup and have resulted in ongoing disruptions, violent protests and clashes between citizens and the government. These events have negatively impacted the Thai economy, and the long-term effect of these developments remains unclear. The Thai government has historically imposed investment controls apparently designed to control volatility in the Thai baht and to support certain export-oriented Thai industries. These controls have largely been suspended, although there is no guarantee that such controls will not be re-imposed. However, partially in

response to these controls, an offshore market for the exchange of Thai baht developed. The depth and transparency of this market have been uncertain.

Vietnam. In 1992, Vietnam initiated the process of privatization of state-owned enterprises, and expanded that process in 1996. However, some Vietnamese industries, including commercial banking, remain dominated by state-owned enterprises, and for most of the private enterprises, a majority of the equity is owned by employees and management boards and on average more than one-third of the equity is owned by the government with only a small percentage of the equity being owned by investors. In addition, Vietnam continues to impose limitations on foreign ownership of Vietnamese companies and has in the past imposed arbitrary repatriation taxes on foreign owners. Inflation threatens long-term economic growth and may deter foreign investment in the country. In addition, foreign currency reserves in Vietnam may not be sufficient to support conversion into the U.S. dollar (or other more liquid currencies). Vietnamese markets have relatively low levels of liquidity, which may result in extreme volatility in the prices of Vietnamese securities. Market volatility may also be heightened by the actions of a small number of investors.

Additional Risks

The following additional or non-principal risks also apply to investments in the Funds.

Structured Investments

Structured investments are financial instruments and contractual obligations designed to provide a specific risk-reward profile. A structured instrument is generally a hybrid security (often referred to as “hybrids”) that combines characteristics of two or more different financial instruments. The terms of these investments may be contractually “structured” by the purchaser and the issuer (which is typically associated with an investment banking firm) of the instrument. Structured investments may have certain features of equity and debt securities, but may also have additional features. The key characteristics of structured investments are:

 

T   They change the risk or return on an underlying investment asset (such as a bond, money market instrument, loan or equity security), or they may replicate the risk or return of an underlying investment asset.

 

T   They typically involve the combination of an investment asset and a derivative.

 

T   The derivative is an integral part of the structure, not just a temporary hedging tool.

The returns on these investments may be linked to the value of an index (such as a currency or securities index) or a basket of instruments (a portfolio of assets, such as, high yield bonds, emerging market bonds, or commodities), an individual bond or other security, an interest rate, or a commodity.

 

 

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Some of the types of structured investments are:

 

T   Index-linked notes

 

T   Inflation-linked notes

 

T   Commodity-linked notes

 

T   Credit-linked notes

 

T   Currency-linked notes

The values of structured investments will normally rise or fall in response to the changes in the performance of the underlying index, security, interest rate or commodity. Certain structured investments may offer full or partial principal protection, or may pay a variable amount at maturity, or may pay a coupon linked to a specific security or index while leaving the principal at risk.

These investments may be used to seek to realize gain or limit exposure to price fluctuations and help control risk. Depending on the terms of the particular instrument, structured investments may be subject to equity market risk, fixed income risk, commodity market risk, currency market risk or interest rate risk. Structured notes are subject to credit risk with respect to the issuer of the instrument (referred to as “counter-party” risk) and, for structured debt investments, might also be subject to credit risk with respect to the issuer of the underlying investment. For structured investments that do not include principal protection (a form of insurance), a main risk is the possible loss of principal.

There is a legal risk involved with holding complex instruments. Where regulatory or tax considerations may change during the term of a note, some structured investments may create leverage, which involves additional risks.

If the underlying investment or index does not perform as anticipated, the structured investment might not result in a gain or may cause a loss. The price of structured investments may be very volatile and they may have a limited trading market, making it difficult for the Funds to value them or sell them. Usually structured investments are considered illiquid investments for purposes of limits on those investments.

Covered Bonds

The Funds may invest in covered bonds. Covered bonds include characteristics typically associated with traditional bonds as well as characteristics associated with securitized instruments. Covered bonds provide their holders with a secured claim to specific collateral (like securitized instruments) and often require the issuer to maintain a coverage ratio (i.e., to replace weak or impaired collateral with higher quality collateral). However, unlike securitized instruments, the obligation to repay principal and make interest payments remains with the issuer (rather than a special purpose vehicle as used in securitizations). As a result, holders of covered bonds have an unsecured claim against the issuer for any deficiency. Covered bonds represent an emerging type of fixed income security and may be created under legislative regimes or by contract. However, because covered bonds are relatively

new instruments in many jurisdictions, their terms have not been subject to judicial review and their enforceability (particularly with respect to covered bonds created by contract) is uncertain.

Trading Markets and Depositary Receipts

Asian securities may trade in the form of depositary receipts, including American, European and Global Depositary Receipts. Although depositary receipts have risks similar to the securities that they represent, they may also involve higher expenses and may trade at a discount (or premium) to the underlying security. In addition, depositary receipts may not pass through voting and other shareholder rights, and may be less liquid than the underlying securities listed on an exchange.

Passive Foreign Investment Companies

The Funds may invest in PFICs. Investments in PFICs may subject a Fund to taxes and interest charges that cannot be avoided, or that can be avoided only through complex methods that may have the effect of imposing a less favorable tax rate or accelerating the recognition of gains and payment of taxes.

Bank Loan Risk: To the extent a Fund invests in bank loans, it is exposed to additional risks beyond those normally associated with more traditional debt securities. A Fund’s ability to receive payments in connection with the loan depends primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and whether or not a loan is secured by collateral, although there is no assurance that the collateral securing a loan will be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligation. In addition, bank loans often have contractual restrictions on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price. The value of a bank loan may be impaired due to difficulties (actual or perceived) in liquidating collateral securing the obligation, or to declines in the value of that collateral. There may not be an active trading market for certain bank loans and the liquidity of some actively traded loans may be impaired due to adverse market conditions. See ‘‘Liquidity Risk” (page [    ].) A Fund’s access to the collateral could be limited by bankruptcy or by the type of loan it purchases. As a result, a collateralized senior loan may not be fully collateralized and can decline significantly in value. In addition, because the bank loans in which a Fund invests are typically rated below investment grade, the risks associated with bank loans are similar to the risks of below investment grade bonds. See ‘‘High-Yield Bonds and Other Lower-Rated Securities” (page [    ].)

While high yield corporate bonds are typically issued with a fixed interest rate, bank loans have floating interest rates that reset periodically (typically quarterly or monthly). Bank loans represent amounts borrowed by companies or other entities from banks and other lenders. In many cases, the borrowing companies have significantly more debt than equity and the loans have been issued in connection with recapitalizations, acquisitions, leveraged buyouts, or refinancings. The loans held by a Fund may be senior or subordinate obligations of

 

 

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the borrower, and may or may not be secured by collateral. A Fund may acquire bank loans directly from a lender or through the agent, as an assignment from another lender who holds a floating rate loan, or as a participation interest in another lender’s floating rate loan or portion thereof. A Fund may invest up to 50% of its net assets in bank loans.

Loan Risk. Portfolio transactions in loans may settle in as short as seven days but typically can take up to two or three weeks, and in some cases much longer. Unlike the securities markets, there is no central clearinghouse for loan trades, and the loan market has not established enforceable settlement standards or remedies for failure to settle. Credit risk is heightened for loans in which a Fund invests because companies that issue such loans tend to be highly leveraged and thus are more susceptible to the risks of interest deferral, default and/or bankruptcy.

Equity Risk. A Fund may own equity securities if an investment in a distressed or defaulted security results in an exchange of debt for equity. The value of equity securities will rise and fall in response to the activities of the company that issued them, general market conditions and/or economic conditions. Investments in small and medium capitalization companies may involve greater risks because these companies generally have narrower markets, more limited managerial and financial resources and a less diversified product offering than larger, more established companies. Some small and medium capitalization stocks may also be thinly traded, and thus, difficult to buy and sell in the market. Equity securities can have higher volatility than debt securities and therefore can provide both higher risk and higher return.

Market Timing and Other Short-Term Trading

The Funds are not intended for short-term trading by investors. Investors who hold shares of a Fund for the short term, including market-timers, may harm the Fund and other shareholders by diluting the value of their shares, disrupting management of the Fund’s portfolio and causing the Fund to incur additional costs, which are borne by non-redeeming shareholders. The Funds attempt to discourage time-zone arbitrage and similar market-timing activities, which seek to benefit from any differences between a Fund’s NAV and the fair value of its holdings that may occur between the closing times of foreign and U.S. markets, with the latter generally used to determine when the Fund’s NAV is calculated. See page      for additional information on the Funds’ policies and procedures related to short-term trading and market-timing activity.

 

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Management of the Funds

 

Matthews International Capital Management, LLC is the investment advisor to the Funds and the other Matthews Asia Funds (collectively, the “Funds”). Matthews is located at Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550, San Francisco, California 94111 and can be reached toll free by telephone at 800.789.ASIA (2742). Matthews was founded in 1991 by G. Paul Matthews. Since its inception, Matthews has specialized in managing portfolios of Asian securities. Matthews invests the Funds’ assets, manages the Funds’ business affairs, supervises the Funds’ overall day-to-day operations, and provides the personnel needed by the Fund with respect to Matthews’ responsibilities pursuant to an Investment Advisory Agreement between Matthews and the Trust, on behalf of the Fund (as amended from time to time, the “Advisory Agreement”). Matthews also furnishes the Funds with office space and provides certain administrative, clerical and shareholder services to the Funds pursuant to the Services Agreement (as defined below).

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, each Fund pays Matthews a fee equal to 0.65% of its average daily net assets. Each Fund pays Matthews a monthly fee at the annual rate calculated based on the actual number of days of that month and the Fund’s average daily net asset value for the month. A discussion regarding the basis for the Board’s approval of the Advisory Agreement with respect to the Fund is available in the Fund’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, the Strategic Income Fund paid investment management fees to Matthews as follows (as a percentage of average net assets):

 

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund      0.65%   

(Because the Credit Fund was not operational during the year ended December 31, 2015, no advisory fees were paid by that Fund for that fiscal year.)

Pursuant to an Administration and Shareholder Services Agreement dated as of August 13, 2004, most recently amended effective [April 29, 2016] (as amended from time to time, the “Services Agreement”), the Funds in the aggregate pay Matthews 0.25% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds up to $2 billion, 0.1834% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $2 billion up to $5 billion, 0.15% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $5 billion up to $7.5 billion, 0.125% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $7.5 billion up to $15 billion, 0.11% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $15 billion up to $22.5 billion, 0.10% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $22.5 billion up to $25 billion, 0.09% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $25 billion up to $30 billion, 0.08% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $30 billion up to $35 billion, 0.07% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $35 billion

up to $40 billion, 0.06% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $40 billion up to $45 billion, and 0.05% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Funds over $45 billion. Matthews receives this compensation for providing certain administrative and shareholder services to the Funds and current shareholders of the Funds, including overseeing the activities of the Funds’ transfer agent, accounting agent, custodian and administrator; assisting with the daily calculation of the Funds’ net asset values; overseeing each Fund’s compliance with its legal, regulatory and ethical policies and procedures; assisting with the preparation of agendas and other materials drafted by the Funds’ third-party administrator and other parties for the Trust’s Board meetings; coordinating and executing fund launches and closings (as applicable); general oversight of the vendor community at large as well as industry trends to ensure that shareholders are receiving quality service and technology; responding to shareholder communications including coordinating shareholder mailings, proxy statements, annual reports, prospectuses and other correspondence from the Funds to shareholders; providing regular communications and investor education materials to shareholders, which may include communications via electronic means, such as electronic mail; providing certain shareholder services not handled by the Funds’ transfer agent or other intermediaries (such as fund supermarkets); communicating with investment advisors whose clients own or hold shares of the Funds; and providing such other information and assistance to shareholders as may be reasonably requested by such shareholders.

Pursuant to an Operating Expenses Agreement dated as of November 4, 2003, most recently amended effective [April 29, 2016], (as amended from time to time, the “Operating Expenses Agreement”), Matthews agrees (i) to waive fees and reimburse expenses to the extent needed to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding Rule 12b-1 fees, front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, interest, brokerage commissions, short sale dividend expenses, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) of the Institutional Class to 0.90% first by waiving class specific expenses (i.e., Rule 12b-1 fees or shareholder service fees specific to a particular class) of the Institutional Class and then, to the extent necessary, by waiving non-class specific expenses of the Institutional Class, and (ii) if any Fund-wide expenses (i.e., expenses that apply to both the Institutional Class and the Investor Class) are waived for the Institutional Class to maintain the 0.90% expense limitation, to waive an equal amount (in annual percentage terms) of those same expenses for the Investor Class. The Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement for the Investor Class may vary from year to year and will in some years exceed 0.90%.

 

 

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If a Fund’s expenses fall below the expense limitation in a year within three years after Matthews has made such a waiver or reimbursement, the Fund may reimburse Matthews up to an amount not to cause the expenses for that year to exceed the expense limitation applicable at the time of such fee waiver and/or expense reimbursement or to exceed any other agreed upon expense limitation for that year. For the Funds, this agreement will continue through April 30, 2017 (April 30, 2018 for the Credit Fund) and may be extended for additional periods not exceeding one year.

Pursuant to an amended and restated intermediary platform fee subsidy letter agreement, effective March 1, 2015, between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and Matthews, with respect to each intermediary platform that charges the Funds 10 basis points (0.10%) or more for services provided with respect to Institutional Class shares of the Funds through such platform, Matthews agrees to reimburse the Institutional Class of the Funds a portion of those service fees in an amount equal to 2 basis points (0.02%), and with respect to each intermediary platform that charges the Funds 5 basis points (0.05%) or more but less than 10 basis points (0.10%) for services provided with respect to Institutional Class shares of the Funds through such platform, Matthews agrees to reimburse the Institutional Class of the Funds a portion of those service fees in an amount equal to 1 basis point (0.01%).

Each class of shares of the Funds (Investor and Institutional) has different expenses which will result in different performance. Shares of both classes of the Funds otherwise have identical rights and vote together except for matters affecting only a specific class.

Portfolio Managers

The Funds are managed by the Lead Manager, who is supported by and consults with the Co-Managers. The Lead Manager of a Fund is primarily responsible for its day-to-day investment management decisions.

 

TERESA KONG, CFA
Teresa Kong is a Portfolio Manager at Matthews. Prior to joining the firm in 2010, she was Head of Emerging Market Investments at Barclays Global Investors, now known as BlackRock, and responsible for managing the firm’s investment strategies in Emerging Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa and Latin America. She developed and managed strategies spanning absolute return, active long-only and exchange-traded funds. In addition to founding the Fixed Income Emerging Markets Group at BlackRock, she was also Senior Portfolio Manager and Credit Strategist on the Fixed Income credit team. Previously, Teresa was a Senior Securities Analyst in the High Yield Group with Oppenheimer Funds, and began her career with JP Morgan Securities Inc., where she worked in the Structured Products Group and Latin America Capital Markets Group. She received both a B.A. in Economics and Political Science and an M.A. in International Development Policies from Stanford University. She speaks Cantonese fluently and is conversational in Mandarin. Teresa has been a Portfolio Manager of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund since its inception in 2011, and of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund since its inception in 2016.   

Lead Manager

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

 

Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

GERALD M. HWANG, CFA
Gerald Hwang is a Portfolio Manager at Matthews. Prior to joining the firm in 2011, he was a Portfolio Manager with Vanguard Group from 2008 to 2011, managing foreign exchange and fixed income aspects of various products, including exchange-traded funds and mutual funds. Previously, his tenure at Morgan Stanley encompassed experience on both the buy-side, as part of a customized fixed-income team, and on the sell-side, as an emerging markets fixed-income analyst. He held various positions for Hungary’s OTP Bank, including Director of Research in Budapest. Gerald began his career as an equity derivatives analyst with D.E. Shaw & Co. He earned his M.B.A from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and received a B.A. in Literature from Yale University. Gerald has been a Portfolio Manager of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund since its inception in 2011.   

Co-Manager

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

 

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SATYA PATEL
Satya Patel is a Portfolio Manager at Matthews. Prior to joining the firm in 2011, Satya was an Investment Analyst with Concerto Asset Management. He earned his M.B.A. from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business in 2010. In 2009, Satya worked as an Investment Associate in Private Placements for Metlife Investments and from 2006 to 2008, he was an Associate in Credit Hedge Fund Sales for Deutsche Bank in London. He holds a Master’s in Accounting and Finance from the London School of Economics and a B.A. in Business Administration and Public Health from the University of Georgia. Satya is proficient in Gujarati. Satya has been a Portfolio Manager of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund since 2014, and of the Matthews Credit Opportunities Fund since its inception in 2016.   

Lead Manager

Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

 

Co-Manager

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

 

 

The investment team travels extensively to Asia to conduct research relating to the region’s markets. The Funds’ SAI provides additional information about the portfolio managers’ compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio managers, and the portfolio managers’ ownership of securities in the Funds.

 

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Investing in the Funds

 

Pricing of Fund Shares

The price at which the Funds’ shares are bought or sold is called the net asset value per share, or NAV. The NAV for each class is computed once daily as of the close of regular trading on the NYSE, generally 4:00 PM Eastern Time, on each day that the exchange is open for trading. In addition to Saturday and Sunday, the NYSE is closed on the days that the following holidays are observed: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas Day.

The NAV is computed by adding the value of all securities and other assets of a Fund, attributable to the relevant class, deducting any liabilities, and dividing by the total number of outstanding shares of the relevant class. A Fund’s expenses are generally accounted for by estimating the total expenses for the year and applying each day’s estimated expense when the NAV calculation is made.

The value of a Fund’s exchange-traded securities is based on market quotations for those securities, or on their fair value determined by or under the direction of the Board of Trustees (as described below). Market quotations are provided by pricing services that are independent of a Fund and Matthews. Foreign exchange-traded securities are valued as of the close of trading of the primary exchange on which they trade. Securities that trade in over-the-counter markets, including most debt securities (bonds), may be valued using indicative bid quotations from bond dealers or market makers, or other available market information, or on their fair value as determined by or under the direction of the Board of Trustees (as described below). A Fund may also utilize independent pricing services to assist it in determining a current market value for each security based on sources believed to be reliable.

Foreign values of a Fund’s securities are converted to U.S. dollars using exchange rates determined as of the close of trading on the NYSE and in accordance with the Funds’ Pricing Policies. A Fund generally uses the foreign currency exchange rates deemed to be most appropriate by a foreign currency pricing service that is independent of the Fund and Matthews.

The Funds value any exchange-traded security for which market quotations are unavailable or have become unreliable, and any over-the-counter security for which indicative quotes are unavailable, at that security’s fair market value. In general, the fair value of such securities is determined, in accordance with the Funds’ Pricing Policies and subject to the Board’s oversight, by a pricing service retained by the Funds that is independent of the Funds and Matthews. There may be circumstances in which the Funds’ independent pricing service is unable to provide a reliable price of a security. In addition, when establishing a security’s fair value, the independent

pricing service may not take into account events that occur after the close of Asian markets but prior to the time a Fund calculates its NAV. Similarly, there may be circumstances in which a foreign currency exchange rate is deemed inappropriate for use by a Fund or multiple appropriate rates exist. In such circumstances, the Board of Trustees has delegated the responsibility of making fair-value determinations to a Valuation Committee composed of employees of Matthews (some of whom may also be officers of the Funds) and at least one independent Trustee of the Trust. In these circumstances, the Valuation Committee will determine the fair value of a security, or a fair exchange rate, in good faith, in accordance with the Funds’ Pricing Policies and subject to the oversight of the Board. When fair value pricing is employed (whether through the Funds’ independent pricing service or the Valuation Committee), the prices of a security used by a Fund to calculate its NAV typically differ from quoted or published prices for the same security for that day. The Funds generally fair value securities daily to avoid, among other things, the use of stale prices. In addition, changes in a Fund’s NAV may not track changes in published indices of, or benchmarks for, Asian securities. Similarly, changes in a Fund’s NAV may not track changes in the value of closed-end investment companies, exchange-traded funds or other similar investment vehicles.

Foreign securities held by a Fund may be traded on days and at times when the NYSE is closed, and the NAV is therefore not calculated. Accordingly, the NAV of a Fund may be significantly affected on days when shareholders have no access to the Fund. For valuation purposes, quotations of foreign portfolio securities, other assets and liabilities, and forward contracts stated in foreign currency are translated into U.S. dollar equivalents at the prevailing market rates.

Purchasing Shares

Each Fund is open for business each day the NYSE is open. You may purchase shares directly from a Fund by telephone or online without paying any sales charge. Institutional Class shares may also be purchased directly from a Fund by mail or by wire without paying any sales charge. The price for each share you buy will be the NAV calculated after your order is received in good order by the Fund. “In good order” means that payment for your purchase and all the information needed to complete your order must be received by the Fund before your order is processed. If your order is received before the close of regular trading on the NYSE (generally 4:00 PM Eastern Time) on a day the Funds’ NAVs are calculated, the price you pay will be that day’s NAV. If your order is received after the close of regular trading on the NYSE, the price you pay will be the next NAV calculated.

You may purchase shares of the Funds directly through the Funds’ transfer agent, by calling 800.789.ASIA (2742). Shares of the Funds may also be purchased through various securities

 

 

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brokers and benefit plan administrators or their sub-agents (“Third-Party Intermediaries”). These Third-Party Intermediaries may charge you a fee for their services. You should contact them directly for information regarding how to invest or redeem through them. In addition, certain Third-Party Intermediaries may charge you service or transaction fees. If you purchase or redeem shares through the Funds’ transfer agent or a Third-Party Intermediary, you will receive the NAV calculated after receipt of the order by it on any day the NYSE is open. Each Fund’s NAV is calculated as of the close of regular trading on the NYSE (generally, 4:00 PM Eastern Time) on each day that the NYSE is open. If your order is received by the Fund or a Third-Party Intermediary after that time, it will be purchased or redeemed at the next-calculated NAV. There may also be times when, notwithstanding that your order is received by a Third-Party Intermediary before the close of regular trading on the NYSE, you receive the NAV for the Fund calculated on the following business day. This circumstance may arise because your Third-Party Intermediary has failed to transmit your order prior to a deadline that may apply to the Third-Party Intermediary or the Fund.

A Fund may reject for any reason, or cancel as permitted or required by law, any purchase at any time.

Brokers and benefit plan administrators who perform transfer agency and shareholder servicing for a Fund may receive fees from the Fund for these services. Brokers and benefit plan administrators who also provide distribution services to the Funds may be paid by Matthews (out of its own resources) for providing these services. For further information, please see Additional Information about Shareholder Servicing and Other Compensation to Intermediaries on page 36.

You may purchase Investor Class shares of the Funds by mail, telephone, online or wire. New accounts may be opened online or by mailing a completed application. Please see Opening an Account on page 32, and Telephone and Online Transactions on page 34. Call 800.789.ASIA (2742) or visit matthewsasia.com for details.

You may purchase Institutional Class shares of the Funds by mail, telephone, online or wire. New accounts may be opened by mailing a completed application. Please see Opening an Account on page 32, and Telephone and Online Transactions on page 34. Call 800.789.ASIA (2742) or visit matthewsasia.com for details.

The Funds do not accept third-party checks, temporary (or starter) checks, bank checks, cash, credit card checks, traveler’s checks, cashier’s checks, official checks or money orders. If a Fund receives notice of insufficient funds for a purchase made by check, the purchase will be cancelled, and you will be liable for any related losses or fees the Fund or its transfer agent incurs. A Fund may reject any purchase order or stop selling shares of the Fund at any time. Also, a Fund may vary or waive the initial investment minimum and minimums for additional investments.

Additionally, if any transaction is deemed to have the potential to adversely impact a Fund, the Fund reserves the right to, among other things, reject any purchase or exchange request, limit the amount of any exchange or revoke a shareholder’s privilege to purchase Fund shares (including exchanges).

Please note that when opening your account each Fund follows identity verification procedures, outlined on page 39.

MINIMUM INVESTMENTS IN THE INVESTOR CLASS SHARES OF THE FUNDS

(U.S. RESIDENTS*)

 

Type of Account    Minimum Initial Investment    Subsequent Investments
Non-retirement    $2,500    $100
Retirement** and Coverdell    $500    $50

*Generally, non-U.S. residents may not invest in the Funds. Please contact a Fund representative at 800.789.ASIA (2742) for information and assistance.

**Retirement plan accounts include IRAs and 401(k) plans. Speak with a Fund representative for information about the retirement plans available.

 

INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

The Funds offer Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). Applications for IRAs may be obtained by calling 800.789.ASIA (2742) or by visiting matthewsasia.com.

Traditional IRA

A Traditional IRA is an IRA with contributions that may or may not be deductible depending on your circumstances. Assets grow tax-deferred; withdrawals and distributions are taxable in the year made.

Spousal IRA

A Spousal IRA is an IRA funded by a working spouse in the name of a non-working spouse.

Roth IRA

A Roth IRA is an IRA with non-deductible contributions and tax-free growth of assets and distributions to pay retirement expenses, provided certain conditions are met.

OTHER ACCOUNTS

Coverdell Education Savings Account

Similar to a non-deductible IRA, a Coverdell Education Savings Account (ESA) allows you to make non-deductible contributions that can grow tax-free and if used for qualified educational expenses can be withdrawn free of federal income taxes.

For more complete IRA or Coverdell ESA information or to request applications, please call 800.789.ASIA (2742) to speak with a Fund representative or visit matthewsasia.com.

 

 

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MINIMUM INVESTMENTS IN THE INSTITUTIONAL CLASS SHARES OF THE FUNDS

(U.S. RESIDENTS*)

 

Type of Account    Minimum Initial Investment    Subsequent Investments
All accounts    $3,000,000    $100

Minimum amount for Institutional Class Shares may be lower for purchases through certain financial intermediaries and different minimums may apply for retirement plans and other arrangements subject to criteria set by Matthews.

*Additional limitations apply to non-U.S. residents. Please contact a Fund representative at 800.789.ASIA (2742) for information and assistance.

If you invest in Institutional Class shares through a financial intermediary, the minimum initial investment requirement may be met if that financial intermediary aggregates investments of multiple clients to meet the minimum. Additionally, different minimums may apply for retirement plans and model-based programs that invest through a single account, subject to criteria set by Matthews. Financial intermediaries or plan recordkeepers may require retirement plans to meet certain other conditions, such as plan size or a minimum level of assets per participant, in order to be eligible to purchase Institutional Class shares.

OPENING AN ACCOUNT (Initial Investment)

 

By Mail   

You can obtain an account application by calling 800.789.ASIA (2742) between 9:00 AM–7:00 PM ET, Monday through Friday, or by downloading an application at matthewsasia.com.

 

Mail your personal check payable to Matthews Asia Funds and a completed application to:

    

Regular Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

  

Overnight Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

4400 Computer Dr.

Westborough, MA 01581-1722

Online

(Investor Class Only)

   You may establish a new account by visiting matthewsasia.com, selecting “Open an Account” and following the instructions.

By Broker/

Intermediary

   You may contact your broker or intermediary, who may charge you a fee for their services.
By Wire   

To open an account and make an initial investment by wire, a completed application is required before your wire can be accepted. After a completed account application is received at one of the addresses listed above, you will receive an account number. Please be sure to inform your bank of this account number as part of the instructions.

 

For specific wiring instructions, please visit matthewsasia.com or call 800.789.ASIA (2742) between 9:00 AM–7:00 PM ET, Monday through Friday.

 

Note that wire fees are charged by most banks.

 

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ADDING TO AN ACCOUNT (Subsequent Investment)

Existing shareholders may purchase additional shares of the relevant class for all authorized accounts through the methods described below.

 

By Mail    Please send your personal check payable to Matthews Asia Funds and a statement stub indicating your fund(s) selection via:
    

Regular Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

  

Overnight Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

4400 Computer Dr.

Westborough, MA 01581-1722

Online    As a first time user, you will need your Fund account number and your Social Security Number to establish online account access. Visit matthewsasia.com and select Account Login, where you will be able to create a login ID and password.
Via Automatic Investment Plan (Investor Class Only)   

You may establish an Automatic Investment Plan when you open your account. To do so, please complete the Automatic Investment Plan section of the application.

 

Additionally, you may establish an Automatic Investment Plan by completing an Automatic Investment Plan form or visiting matthewsasia.com.

By Broker/ Intermediary    You may contact your broker or intermediary, who may charge you a fee for their services.
By Wire   

Please call us at 800.789.ASIA (2742) between 9:00 AM–7:00 PM ET, Monday through Friday, and inform us that you will be wiring funds.

 

Please also be sure to inform your bank of your Matthews account number as part of the instructions.

 

Note that wire fees are charged by most banks.

Exchanging Shares

You may exchange your shares of one Matthews Asia Fund for another Matthews Asia Fund of the same class. If you exchange your shares, minimum investment requirements apply. To receive that day’s NAV, any request must be received by the close of regular trading on the NYSE that day (generally, 4:00 PM Eastern Time). Such exchanges may be made by telephone or online if you have so authorized on your application. Please see Telephone and Online Transactions below or call 800.789.ASIA (2742) for more information. Because excessive exchanges can harm a Fund’s performance, the exchange privilege may be terminated if the Fund believes it is in the best interest of all shareholders to do so.

The Funds may reject for any reason, or cancel as permitted or required by law, any purchase or exchange at any time. Additionally, if any transaction is deemed to have the potential to adversely impact a Fund, the Fund reserves the right to, among other things, reject any exchange request or limit the amount of any exchange. In the event that a shareholder’s exchange privilege is terminated, the shareholder may still redeem his, her or its shares.

Selling (Redeeming) Shares

You may redeem shares of a Fund on any day the NYSE is open for business. To receive a specific day’s NAV, your request must be received by the Fund’s agent before the close of regular trading on the NYSE that day (generally, 4:00 PM Eastern Time). If your request is received after the close of regular trading on the NYSE, you will receive the next NAV calculated.

In extreme circumstances, such as the imposition of capital controls that substantially limit repatriation of the proceeds of sales of portfolio holdings, a Fund may suspend shareholders’ redemption privileges for a period of not more than seven days unless otherwise permitted by applicable law.

 

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If you are redeeming shares of a Fund recently purchased by check, the Fund may delay sending your redemption proceeds until your check has cleared. This may take up to 15 calendar days after we receive your check.

If any transaction is deemed to have the potential to adversely impact a Fund, the Fund reserve the right to, among other things, reject any exchange request, limit the amount of any exchange, or delay payment of immediate cash redemption proceeds for up to seven calendar days.

You may redeem your shares by telephone or online. Please see Telephone and Online Transactions below, or call 800.789.ASIA (2742) for more information.

Telephone and Online Transactions

Investors can establish new Investor Class accounts online via matthewsasia.com by selecting Open an Account and following the instructions.

Shareholders with existing accounts may purchase additional shares, or exchange or redeem shares, directly with a Fund by calling 800.789.ASIA (2742), or through an online order at the Fund’s website at matthewsasia.com.

Only bank accounts held at domestic institutions that are Automated Clearing House (ACH) members may be used for online transactions.

Telephone or online orders to purchase or redeem shares of a Fund, if received in good order before 4:00 PM Eastern Time (your “placement date”), will be processed at the Fund’s NAV calculated as of 4:00 PM Eastern Time on your placement date.

In times of extreme market conditions or heavy shareholder activity, you may have difficulty getting through to the Funds, and in such event, you may still purchase or redeem shares of the Funds using a method other than telephone or online. If a Fund believes that it is in the best interest of all shareholders, it may modify or discontinue telephone and/or online transactions without notice.

The convenience of using telephone and/or online transactions may result in decreased security. The Funds employ certain security measures as they process these transactions. If such security procedures are used, the Funds or their agents will not be responsible for any losses that you incur because of a fraudulent telephone or online transaction.

 

 

SELLING (REDEEMING) SHARES

 

By Mail    Send a letter to the Funds via:
  

Regular Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

    

Overnight Mail:

Matthews Asia Funds

4400 Computer Dr.

Westborough, MA 01581-1722

    

The letter must include your name and account number, the name of the Fund and the amount you want to sell in dollars or shares. This letter must be signed by each owner of the account.

 

For security purposes, a medallion signature guarantee will be required if:

 

T    Your written request is for an amount over $100,000 (Investor class only); or

 

T    A change of address was received by the Fund’s transfer agent within the last 30 days; or

 

T    The money is to be sent to an address that is different from the registered address or to a bank account other than the account that was preauthorized.

By Phone    Call 800.789.ASIA (2742). When you open your account you will automatically have the ability to exchange and redeem shares by telephone unless you specify otherwise on your New Account Application.
By Wire   

If you have wiring instructions already established on your account, contact us at 800.789.ASIA (2742) to request a redemption form. Please note that the Funds charge $9.00 for wire redemptions, in addition to a wire fee that may be charged by your bank.

 

Note: When you opened your account you must have provided the wiring instructions for your bank with your application.*

 

* If your account has already been opened, you may send us a written request to add wiring instructions to your account. Please complete the Banking Instructions Form available on matthewsasia.com or call 800.789.ASIA (2742).

Online (Investor Class Only)    As a first time user, you will need your Fund account number and your Social Security Number or Tax Identification Number to establish online account access. Visit matthewsasia.com and select Account Login, where you will be able to create a login ID and password.
Through a Broker or Intermediary    Contact your broker or intermediary, who may charge you a fee for their services.

 

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Market Timing Activities and Redemption Fees

The Board of Trustees has adopted policies and procedures applicable to most purchases, exchanges and redemptions of Fund shares to discourage market timing by shareholders (the “Market Timing Procedures”). Market timing can harm other shareholders because it may dilute the value of their shares. Market timing may also disrupt the management of a Fund’s investment portfolio and cause the targeted Fund to incur costs, which are borne by non-redeeming shareholders.

The Funds, because they invest in overseas securities markets, are particularly vulnerable to market timers who may take advantage of time zone differences between the close of the foreign markets on which a Fund’s portfolio securities trade and the U.S. markets that generally determine the time as of which the Fund’s NAV is calculated (this is sometimes referred to as “time zone arbitrage”).

The Funds deem market timing activity to refer to purchase and redemption transactions in shares of a Fund that have the effect of (i) diluting the interests of long-term shareholders; (ii) harming the performance of a Fund by compromising portfolio management strategies or increasing Fund expenses for non-redeeming shareholders; or (iii) otherwise disadvantaging a Fund or its shareholders. Market timing activity includes time zone arbitrage (seeking to take advantage of differences between the closing times of foreign markets on which portfolio securities of a Fund may trade and the U.S. markets that generally determine when the Fund’s NAV is calculated), market cycle trading (i.e., buying on market down days and selling on market up days); and other types of trading strategies.

The Funds and their agents have adopted procedures to assist them in identifying and limiting market timing activity. The Funds have also adopted and implemented a Pricing and Valuation Policy, which the Funds believe may reduce the opportunity for certain market timing activity by fair valuing the Funds’ portfolios. However, there is no assurance that such practices will eliminate the opportunity for time zone arbitrage or prevent or discourage market timing activity.

A Fund may reject for any reason, or cancel as permitted or required by law, any purchase or exchange, including transactions deemed to represent excessive trading, at any time.

Identification of Market Timers. The Funds have adopted procedures to identify transactions that appear to involve market timing. However, the Funds do not receive information on all transactions in their shares and may not be able to identify market timers. Moreover, investors may elect to invest in a Fund through one or more financial intermediaries that use a combined or omnibus account. Such accounts obscure, and may be used to facilitate, market timing transactions. The Funds or their agents request representations or other assurances related to compliance with the Market Timing Procedures from parties involved in the distribution of Fund shares and administration of shareholder accounts. In

addition, the Funds have entered into agreements with intermediaries that permit the Funds to request greater information from intermediaries regarding transactions. These arrangements may assist the Funds in identifying market timing activities. However, a Fund will not always know of, or be able to detect, frequent trading (or other market timing activity).

Omnibus accounts, in which shares are held in the name of an intermediary on behalf of multiple investors, are a common form of holding shares among retirement plans and financial intermediaries such as brokers, investment advisors and third-party administrators. Individual trades in omnibus accounts are often not disclosed to the Funds, making it difficult to determine whether a particular shareholder is engaging in excessive trading. Excessive trading in omnibus accounts may not be detected by a Fund and may increase costs to the Fund and disrupt its portfolio management.

Under policies adopted by the Board of Trustees, the Funds may rely on intermediaries to apply the Funds’ Market Timing Procedures and, if applicable, their own similar policies. In these cases, a Fund will typically not request or receive individual account data but will rely on the intermediary to monitor trading activity in good faith in accordance with its or the Funds’ policies. Reliance on intermediaries increases the risk that excessive trading may go undetected. For some intermediaries, the Funds will generally monitor trading activity at the omnibus account level to attempt to identify disruptive trades. The Funds may request transaction information, as frequently as daily, from any intermediary at any time, and may apply the Funds’ Market Timing Procedures to such transactions. The Funds may prohibit purchases of Fund shares by an intermediary or request that the intermediary prohibit the purchase of the Funds’ shares by some or all of its clients. There is no assurance that the Funds will request data with sufficient frequency, or that the Funds’ analysis of such data will enable them to detect or deter market timing activity effectively.

The Funds (or their agents) attempt to contact shareholders whom the Funds (or their agents) believe have violated the Market Timing Procedures and notify them that they will no longer be permitted to buy (or exchange) shares of the Funds. When a shareholder has purchased shares of a Fund through an intermediary, the Fund may not be able to notify the shareholder of a violation of the Funds’ policies or that the Fund has taken steps to address the situation (for example, a Fund may be unable to notify a shareholder that his or her privileges to purchase or exchange shares of the Fund have been terminated). Nonetheless, additional purchase and exchange orders for such investors will not be accepted by the Fund.

Many intermediaries have adopted their own market timing policies. These policies may result in a shareholder’s privileges to purchase or exchange the Funds’ shares being terminated or

 

 

INVESTING IN THE FUNDS      35   


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restricted independently of the Fund. Such actions may be based on other factors or standards that are different than or in addition to the Funds’ standards. For additional information, please contact your intermediary.

Redemption Fees. Effective April 30, 2015, the Funds no longer impose a redemption fee. However, because of the risks associated with an investment in a Fund and to allow you to better manage volatility in the Funds’NAVs, the Funds recommend that you invest in a Fund only for the long term. Short-term buying and selling of shares of a Fund may also have detrimental effects on the Fund and other shareholders. Short-term trading and market timing can disrupt the management of the Fund’s investment portfolio and cause the Fund to incur costs, which are borne by non-redeeming shareholders.

The Funds reserve the right at any time to restrict purchases or exchanges or impose conditions that are more restrictive on excessive or disruptive trading than those stated in this prospectus. The Funds reserve the right to modify the redemption fee policies at any time, without notice to shareholders. You will receive notice of any material changes to the Funds’ redemption fee policies.

Redemption in Kind

Under certain circumstances, you could receive your redemption proceeds as a combination of cash and securities. Receiving securities instead of cash is called “redemption in kind.” Note that if you receive securities as well, you will incur transaction charges if you sell them.

Medallion Signature Guarantees

The Funds requires a medallion signature guarantee on any written redemption for Investor Class Shares over $100,000 (but may require additional documentation or a medallion signature guarantee on any redemption request to help protect against fraud); the redemption of corporate, partnership or fiduciary accounts; or for certain types of transfer requests or account registration changes. A medallion signature guarantee may be obtained from a domestic bank or trust company, broker, dealer, clearing agency, savings association or other financial institution that is participating in a medallion program recognized by the Securities Transfer Association. The three “recognized” medallion programs are Securities Transfer Agents Medallion Program (STAMP), Stock Exchanges Medallion Program (SEMP), and NYSE, Inc. Medallion Signature Program (NYSE MSP). Please call 800.789.ASIA (2742) for information on obtaining a signature guarantee.

Other Shareholder Information

Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

A description of the Funds’ policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Funds’ portfolio of securities is available in the Funds’ SAI, which is available on the Matthews Asia Funds website at matthewsasia.com.

Minimum Size of an Account

The Funds reserve the right to redeem small Investor Class accounts (excluding IRAs) that fall below $2,500 due to redemption activity. If this happens to your account, you may receive a letter from the Funds giving you the option of investing more money into your account or closing it. Accounts that fall below $2,500 due to market volatility will not be affected.

The Funds reserve the right to redeem small Institutional Class accounts that fall below $3,000,000 due to redemption activity. If this happens to your account, you may receive a letter from the Funds giving you the option of investing more money into your account or closing it. Accounts that fall below $3,000,000 due to market volatility will not be affected.

Confirming Your Transactions

The Funds will send you a written confirmation following each purchase, sale and exchange of Fund shares, except for systematic purchases and redemptions.

Additional Information about Shareholder Servicing

The operating expenses of each Fund include the cost of maintaining shareholder accounts, generating shareholder statements, providing taxpayer information, and performing related recordkeeping and administrative services. For shareholders who open accounts directly, BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc. (“BNY Mellon”), the Funds’ transfer agent, performs these services as part of the various services it provides to the Funds under an agreement between the Trust, on behalf of each Fund, and BNY Mellon. For shareholders who purchase shares through a broker or other financial intermediary, some or all of these services may be performed by that intermediary. For performing these services, the intermediary seeks compensation from the Funds or Matthews. In some cases, the services for which compensation is sought may be bundled with services not related to shareholder servicing, and may include distribution fees. The Board of Trustees has made a reasonable allocation of the portion of bundled fees, and Matthews pays from its own resources that portion of the fees that the Board of Trustees determines may represent compensation to intermediaries for distribution services.

Other Compensation to Intermediaries

Matthews, out of its own resources and without additional cost to the Funds or their shareholders, may provide additional cash payments or non-cash compensation to intermediaries who sell shares of the Funds. Such payments and compensation are in addition to service fees or sub-transfer agency fees paid by the Funds. The level of payments will vary for each particular intermediary. These additional cash payments generally represent some or all of the following: (a) payments to intermediaries to help defray the costs incurred to educate and train personnel about the Funds; (b) marketing support fees for providing assistance in promoting the sale of Fund shares; (c) access to sales meetings, sales representatives and management representatives of the intermediary; and (d) inclusion of the Funds on the sales list,

 

 

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including a preferred or select sales list, or other sales program of the intermediary. A number of factors will be considered in determining the level of payments, including the intermediary’s sales, assets and redemption rates, as well as the nature and quality of the intermediary’s relationship with Matthews. Aggregate payments may change from year to year and Matthews will, on an annual basis, determine the advisability of continuing these payments. Shareholders who purchase or hold shares through an intermediary may inquire about such payments from that intermediary.

Distributions

Each Fund generally distributes its net investment income quarterly in March, June, September and December. Any net realized gain from the sale of portfolio securities and net realized gains from foreign currency transactions are distributed at least once each year unless they are used to offset losses carried forward from prior years. All such distributions are reinvested automatically in additional shares at the current NAV, unless you elect to receive them in cash. If you hold the shares directly with a Fund, the manner in which you receive distributions may be changed at any time by writing to the Fund. Additionally, details of distribution-related transactions will be reported on quarterly account statements. You may not receive a separate confirmation statement for these transactions.

Any check in payment of dividends or other distributions that cannot be delivered by the post office or that remains uncashed for a period of more than one year will be reinvested in your account.

Distributions are treated the same for tax purposes whether received in cash or reinvested. If you buy shares when a Fund has realized but not yet distributed ordinary income or capital gains, you will be “buying a dividend” by paying the full price of the shares and then receiving a portion of the price back in the form of a taxable dividend.

Taxes

This section only summarizes some income tax considerations that may affect your investment in a Fund. You are urged to consult your tax advisor regarding the effects of an investment on your tax situation. An investment in a Fund has certain tax consequences, depending on the type of account that you have. Distributions are subject to federal income tax and may also be subject to state and local income taxes. Each Fund intends to make distributions that may be taxed as ordinary income and capital gains (which may be taxable at different rates depending on the length of time the Fund holds its assets). Distributions are generally taxable when they are paid, whether in cash or by reinvestment. Distributions declared in October, November or December and paid the following January are taxable as if they were paid on December 31.

The exchange of one Matthews Asia Fund for another is a “taxable event,” which means that if you have a gain, you may be obligated to pay tax on it. If you have a qualified retirement account, taxes are generally deferred until distributions are made from the retirement account.

Part of a distribution may include realized capital gains, which may be taxed at different rates depending on how long a Fund has held specific securities.

Make sure you have an accurate Social Security Number or taxpayer I.D. number on file with the Funds. If you do not, you may be subject to backup withholding on your distributions. In mid-February, if applicable, you will be sent a Form 1099-DIV or other Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the IRS. If the total distributions you received for the year are less than $10, you may not receive a Form 1099-DIV.

Please note retirement account shareholders will not receive a Form 1099-DIV. Speak with your tax advisor concerning state and local tax laws, which may produce different consequences than those under federal income tax laws.

In addition, the Funds may be subject to short-term capital gains tax in India on gains realized upon disposition of Indian securities held less than one year. The tax is computed on net realized gains; any realized losses in excess of gains may be carried forward for a period of up to eight years to offset future gains. Any net taxes payable must be remitted to the Indian government prior to repatriation of sales proceeds. A Fund accrues a deferred tax liability for net unrealized short-term gains in excess of available carryforwards on Indian securities. This accrual may reduce a Fund’s net asset value. As part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, Matthews Asia Funds will be responsible for tracking and reporting cost basis information to the IRS on the sale or exchange of shares acquired on or after January 1, 2012 (“covered shares”). Cost basis is the cost of the shares you purchased, including reinvested dividends and capital gains distributions. Where applicable, the cost is adjusted for sales charges or transaction fees. When you sell covered shares in a taxable account, the cost basis accounting method you choose determines how your gain or loss is calculated. Matthews’ default cost basis accounting method is Average Cost. If you and your financial or tax advisor determine another method to be more beneficial to your situation, you will be able to change your default setting to another IRS-accepted cost basis method by notifying the Funds’ transfer agent in writing or by phone at 800.789.ASIA (2742), Monday through Friday, 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM ET. When you redeem covered shares from your account, we will calculate the cost basis on those shares according to your cost basis method election. Again, please consult your tax professional to determine which method should be considered for your individual tax situation.

 

 

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Index Definitions

It is not possible to invest directly in an index. The performance of foreign indices may be based on different exchange rates than those used by the Fund and, unlike the Fund’s NAV, is not adjusted to reflect fair value at the close of regular trading on the NYSE (generally 4:00 PM Eastern Time) on each day that the exchange is open for trading.

The HSBC Asian Local Bond Index (ALBI) tracks the total return performance of a bond portfolio consisting of local-currency denominated, high quality and liquid bonds in Asia Ex Japan. The ALBI includes bonds from the following countries: Korea, Hong Kong, India, Singapore, Taiwan, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia and China.

The J.P. Morgan Asia Credit Index (JACI) tracks the total return performance of the Asia fixed-rate dollar bond market. JACI is a market cap-weighted index comprising sovereign, quasi-sovereign and corporate bonds and is partitioned by country, sector and credit rating. JACI includes bonds from the following countries: China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Singapore.

 

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General Information

Identity Verification Procedures Notice

The USA PATRIOT Act requires financial institutions, including mutual funds, to adopt certain policies and programs to prevent money laundering activities, including procedures to verify the identity of customers opening new accounts. When completing the New Account Application, you will be required to supply the Funds with information, such as your taxpayer identification number, that will assist the Funds in verifying your identity. Until such verification is made, the Funds may limit additional share purchases. In addition, the Funds may limit additional share purchases or close an account if they are unable to verify a customer’s identity. As required by law, the Funds may employ various procedures, such as comparing the information to fraud databases or requesting additional information or documentation from you, to ensure that the information supplied by you is correct. Your information will be handled by us as discussed in our Privacy Statement on this page.

Privacy Statement

Matthews Asia Funds will never sell your personal information and will only share it for the limited purposes described below. While it is necessary for us to collect certain non-public personal information about you when you open an account (such as your address and Social Security Number), we protect this information and use it only for communication purposes or to assist us in providing the information and services necessary to address your financial needs. We respect your privacy and are committed to ensuring that it is maintained.

As permitted by law, it is sometimes necessary for us to share your information with companies that perform administrative or marketing services on our behalf, such as transfer agents and/or mail facilities that assist us in shareholder servicing or distribution of investor materials. These companies are not permitted to use or share this information for any other purpose.

We restrict access to non-public personal information about you to those employees who need to know that information to provide products or services to you. We maintain physical, electronic and procedural safeguards that comply with federal standards to protect your personal information.

When using Matthews Asia Funds’ Online Account Access, you will be required to provide personal information to gain access to your account. For your protection, the login screen resides on a secure server.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION      39   


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LOGO


Table of Contents

Investment Advisor

Matthews International Capital Management, LLC

800.789.ASIA (2742)

Account Services

BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc.

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

800.789.ASIA (2742)

Custodian

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.

50 Milk Street

Boston, MA 02109

Shareholder Service Representatives are available

from 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM ET, Monday through Friday.

For additional information about

Matthews Asia Funds:

matthewsasia.com

800.789.ASIA (2742)

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

 

LOGO


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Shareholder Reports

Additional information about the Funds’ investments is available in the Funds’ annual reports (audited by independent accountants) and semi-annual reports. These reports contain a discussion of the market conditions and investment strategies that significantly affected the Funds’ performance during its reporting period. To reduce the Funds’ expenses, we try to identify related shareholders in a household and send only one copy of the Funds’ prospectus and annual and semi-annual reports to that address. This process, called “householding,” will continue indefinitely unless you instruct us otherwise. At any time you may view the Funds’ current prospectus and annual and semi-annual reports, free of charge, on the Funds’ website at matthewsasia.com. The Funds’ current prospectus and annual and semi-annual reports are also available to you, without charge, upon request.

Statement of Additional Information (SAI)

The SAI, which is incorporated into this prospectus by reference and dated April 29, 2016, is available to you, without charge, upon request or through the Funds’ website at matthewsasia.com. It contains additional information about the Fund.

HOW TO OBTAIN ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

Contacting Matthews Asia Funds   

You can obtain free copies of the publications described above by visiting the Funds’ website at matthewsasia.com. To request the SAI, the Funds’ annual and semi-annual reports and other information about the Funds or to make shareholder inquiries, contact the Funds at:

 

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

800.789.ASIA (2742)

Obtaining Information from the SEC    Information about the Funds (including the SAI) can be reviewed and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C., and information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Reports and other information about the Funds are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov, and copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplication fee, by electronic request at the following E-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing to the SEC’s Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

 

LOGO

 

Investment Company Act File Number: 811-08510

Distributed in the United States by Foreside Funds Distributors LLC

Distributed in Latin America by HMC Partners

 

P.O. Box 9791  |  Providence, RI 02940  |  matthewsasia.com   |  800.789.ASIA (2742)

 

PS_NF_0416

 

LEGAL_US_W # 84909199.2 27226.82270


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The information in this Statement of Additional Information is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This Statement of Additional Information is not an offer to sell these securities, and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

MATTHEWS INTERNATIONAL FUNDS

(d/b/a MATTHEWS ASIA FUNDS)

MATTHEWSASIA.COM

ASIA STRATEGIC INCOME FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAINX)

ASIA STRATEGIC INCOME FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MINCX)

ASIA CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (            )

ASIA CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (            )

ASIAN GROWTH AND INCOME FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MACSX)

ASIAN GROWTH AND INCOME FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MICSX)

ASIA DIVIDEND FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAPIX)

ASIA DIVIDEND FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIPIX)

CHINA DIVIDEND FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MCDFX)

CHINA DIVIDEND FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MICDX)

ASIA VALUE FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAVRX)

ASIA VALUE FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MAVAX)

ASIA FOCUS FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAFSX)

ASIA FOCUS FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIFSX)

ASIA GROWTH FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MPACX)

ASIA GROWTH FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIAPX)

PACIFIC TIGER FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAPTX)

PACIFIC TIGER FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIPTX)

ASIA ESG FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MASGX)

ASIA ESG FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MISFX)

EMERGING ASIA FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MEASX)

EMERGING ASIA FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIASX)

CHINA FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MCHFX)

CHINA FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MICFX)

INDIA FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MINDX)

INDIA FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIDNX)

JAPAN FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MJFOX)

JAPAN FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIJFX)

KOREA FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MAKOX)

KOREA FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MIKOX)

ASIA SMALL COMPANIES FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MSMLX)

ASIA SMALL COMPANIES FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MISMX)

CHINA SMALL COMPANIES FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MCSMX)

ASIA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FUND – INVESTOR CLASS (MATFX)

ASIA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FUND – INSTITUTIONAL CLASS (MITEX)

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, dated February 12, 2016

 

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This Statement of Additional Information (this “SAI”) is not a prospectus and should be read in conjunction with the current prospectuses of the Investor Class and the Institutional Class of the Matthews Asia Funds (the “Funds”), other than the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, with the separate current prospectus of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, each prospectus dated April [29], 2016 (the foregoing prospectuses, together, the “Prospectus”). The Prospectus and the financial statements contained in the Funds’ Annual Report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, are incorporated herein by reference. You can obtain a free copy of the current Prospectus and Annual Report on the Funds’ website at MATTHEWSASIA.COM or by contacting a Matthews Asia Funds representative at:

Matthews Asia Funds

P.O. Box 9791

Providence, RI 02940

800.789.ASIA (2742)

No person has been authorized to give any information or to make any representations not contained in this SAI or in the Prospectus in connection with the offering made by the Prospectus, and, if given or made, such information or representations must not be relied upon as having been authorized by the Funds or their underwriters. The Prospectus does not constitute an offering by the Funds or by their underwriters in any jurisdiction in which such offering may not lawfully be made.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Fund History

     5   

Description of the Funds

     6   

Investment Objective

     6   

Investment Process

     7   

Risks of Investment

     9   

Political, Social and Economic Risks

     10   

Risks of Emerging Markets

     10   

Risks of Foreign Currency

     11   

Risks of Fixed-Income Securities

     11   

Risks of Securities Rated Below Investment Grade

     13   

Risks of Investing in Foreign Countries

     14   

Risks Associated with China

     15   

Risks Associated with Taiwan

     15   

Risks Associated with India

     15   

Risks Associated with Japan

     17   

Risks Associated with South Korea

     17   

Risks Associated with Other Countries

     19   

Additional Investment Strategies

     20   

Funds’ Policies

     34   

Temporary Defensive Position

     35   

Portfolio Turnover

     35   

Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

     35   

Management of the Funds

     37   

Shareholders’ Voting Powers

     45   

Approval of Investment Advisory Agreement

     46   

Compensation

     46   

Code of Ethics

     46   

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

     47   

Control Persons and Principal Holders of Securities

     47   

 

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Investment Advisor, Underwriter and Other Service Providers

     53   

Investment Advisor

     53   

Principal Underwriter in the United States

     64   

Principal Underwriter in Latin America

     64   

Compensation Paid to Principal Underwriters

     64   

Rule 12b-1 Plan (Distribution Plan)

     64   

Shareholder Servicing and Administration and other Service Providers

     65   

Brokerage Allocation and Other Practices

     70   

Shares of Beneficial Interest

     71   

Purchase, Redemption and Pricing of Shares

     72   

Purchase of Shares

     72   

Determination of Net Asset Value

     72   

Redemption in Kind

     73   

Equalization

     73   

Dividends and Distributions

     73   

Taxation of the Funds

     74   

In General

     74   

Taxes Regarding Options, Futures and Foreign Currency Transactions

     74   

Passive Foreign Investment Companies

     75   

Other U.S. and Foreign Tax Issues

     75   

Other Information

     76   

Reports to Shareholders

     77   

Financial Statements

     77   

Appendix: Bond Ratings

     78   

 

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Fund History

Matthews International Funds (d/b/a Matthews Asia Funds) (the “Trust”), Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550, San Francisco, California 94111, is a family of mutual funds currently offering eighteen separate series of shares (each individually, a “Fund,” and collectively, the “Funds”):

Asia Fixed Income Strategies:

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

Asia Growth and Income Strategies:

Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

Matthews Asia Dividend Fund

Matthews China Dividend Fund

Asia Value Strategy:

Matthews Asia Value Fund

Asia Growth Strategies:

Matthews Asia Focus Fund

Matthews Asia Growth Fund

Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund

Matthews Asia ESG Fund

Matthews Emerging Asia Fund

Matthews China Fund

Matthews India Fund

Matthews Japan Fund

Matthews Korea Fund

Asia Small Companies Strategies:

Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund

Matthews China Small Companies Fund

Asia Specialty Strategy:

Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund

Each Fund has both an Investor Class and an Institutional Class of beneficial interests; however, the Institutional Class shares of the Matthews China Small Companies Fund is not currently open for investment.

 

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Description of the Funds

Please read the following information together with the information contained in the current prospectuses of the Investor Class and the Institutional Class of the Funds, other than the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, with the separate current prospectus of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, each dated April [29], 2016, concerning the investment strategies, risks and policies of the Funds. The information in this SAI supplements the information in the Prospectus.

The Trust is an open-end management investment company registered under the U.S. Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”). The Trust was organized as a Delaware statutory (business) trust on April 13, 1994 and commenced operations on September 12, 1994. It has never been engaged in any other business. Each Fund is “diversified” except for the Matthews India Fund, Matthews Korea Fund, Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, which are non-diversified. Diversified means that at least 75% of the value of a fund’s total assets must be comprised of (i) cash and cash items, (ii) securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities, (iii) securities of other investment companies, or (iv) other securities, provided that no more than 5% of the value of the fund’s total assets are invested in the securities of a single issuer and the fund does not own more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of a single issuer. The remaining 25% of the value of a fund’s total assets may be invested in a single issuer, or in multiple issuers not subject to the above limitations.

A “non-diversified” fund may invest a larger portion of its assets in the securities of a single issuer compared with that of a diversified fund. An investment in one of the non-diversified Funds entails greater risk than an investment in a diversified fund because of its greater exposure to the risks associated with individual issuers: a higher percentage of investments among fewer issuers may result in greater volatility of the total market value of the Fund’s portfolio; and economic, political or regulatory developments may have a greater impact on the value of the Fund’s portfolio than would be the case if the portfolio were diversified among more issuers.

Each Fund has elected and intends to continue to qualify to be treated as a “regulated investment company” under Subchapter M of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). Such qualification relieves a Fund of liability for federal income taxes to the extent the Fund’s earnings are distributed in accordance with the Code. To so qualify, among other requirements, each Fund will limit its investments so that, at the close of each quarter of its taxable year, (i) not more than 25% of the market value of the Fund’s total assets will be invested in the securities of a single issuer, and (ii) with respect to 50% of the market value of its total assets, not more than 5% of the market value of its total assets will be invested in the securities of a single issuer, and it will not own more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of a single issuer.

Investment Objective

The investment objective of each of the Funds, except for the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund, Matthews China Dividend Fund, Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund, Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, is to seek long-term capital appreciation.

The investment objective of the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund and Matthews China Dividend Fund is to seek total return with an emphasis on providing current income. The investment objective of the Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund is to seek long-term capital appreciation with some current income. The investment objective of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is to seek total return over the long term and, for the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, with an emphasis on income.

 

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Investment Process

Matthews International Capital Management, LLC (“Matthews”) is the investment advisor to each of the Funds. Matthews invests in the Asian region based on its assessment of the future development and economic prospects of companies located in that region. Matthews believes that the region’s countries are on paths toward economic development and, in general, deregulation and greater openness to market forces. Matthews believes in the potential for these economies, and believes that the intersection of development and deregulation will create opportunities for further growth. Matthews attempts to capitalize on its beliefs by investing in companies it considers to be well-positioned to participate in the region’s economic evolution. Matthews uses a range of approaches to participate in the growth of the Asian region to suit clients’ differing needs and investment objectives.

Matthews researches the fundamental characteristics of individual companies to help to understand the foundation of a company’s long-term development, and to assess whether it is generally consistent with Matthews’ expectations for the region’s economic evolution. Matthews evaluates potential portfolio holdings on the basis of their individual merits, and invests in those companies that it believes are positioned to help a Fund achieve its investment objectives.

Matthews has long-term investment goals and its process aims to identify potential portfolio investments that can be held over an indefinite time horizon. Matthews regularly tests its beliefs and adjusts portfolio holdings in light of prevailing market conditions and other factors, including, among other things, economic, political or market events (e.g., changes in credit conditions or military action), changes in relative valuations (to both a company’s financial prospects and to other issuers), liquidity requirements and management malfeasance or other unethical conduct.

Matthews uses a fundamentals-based investment process to manage the fixed-income portfolio of investments for the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, with a focus on risk-adjusted return. Matthews’ fixed-income investment process includes six steps, with risk management embedded into each step of the process in order to identify and capitalize on credit (including counterparty), interest rate (duration), and currency opportunities and risks. Matthews also expects that, during various periods, it may employ a currency overlay strategy for the Asia Strategic Income Fund in an effort to enhance returns and moderate volatility. Matthews may initiate and suspend that strategy at any time without prior notice to investors. That strategy involves long and short positions on one or more currencies, with a total or gross notional value of these positions equal to as much as a substantial majority of its net asset value (“NAV”) , although the net market value of these positions, on a marked-to-market basis, at most times, is expected to be substantially lower.

The Funds, other than the Matthews Asia Value Fund, Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, Matthews Asia Dividend Fund, Matthews China Dividend Fund and Matthews Asia ESG Fund, invest where Matthews believes the potential for capital growth exists and in companies that it believes have demonstrated the ability to anticipate and adapt to changing markets. With respect to the Matthews Asia Value Fund, Matthews seeks to invest in companies whose share price trades at a substantial discount to its estimate of the company’s intrinsic value. With respect to the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, Matthews seeks to invest in income-producing securities, including, but not limited to, debt and debt-related instruments issued by governments, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions, and companies in Asia. With respect to the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, Matthews seeks to invest in debt and debt-related instruments issued by governments, quasi-governmental entities, supra-national institutions, and companies in Asia. With respect to the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund and Matthews China Dividend Fund, Matthews seeks to invest in companies that have in the past paid high dividends relative to their share prices, or which it believes are well-positioned to grow future dividends, or both. Accordingly, each of the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund and Matthews China Dividend Fund expects that its portfolio will primarily consist of companies with established dividend-paying records. With respect to the Matthews Asia ESG Fund, Matthews seeks to invest in Asian companies that have the potential to profit from the long-term opportunities presented by the global environmental and social challenges as well as those Asian companies that proactively manage long-term risks presented by these challenges, after taking into consideration environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors in addition to traditional financial data.

 

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Equity securities in which the Funds, other than the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund, the Matthews China Dividend Fund, the Matthews Korea Fund, the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, may invest include common stocks, preferred stocks, warrants, and securities convertible into common or preferred stocks, such as convertible bonds and debentures. Equity securities in which the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund and the Matthews China Dividend Fund may invest include common stocks, preferred stocks, convertible preferred stocks, and other equity-related instruments (including, for example, investment trusts and other financial instruments). Equity securities in which the Matthews Korea Fund may invest include common stocks, preferred stocks, warrants, and securities convertible into common or preferred stocks, such as convertible bonds and debentures, warrants and rights, equity interests in trusts, partnerships, joint ventures or similar enterprises and depositary receipts of issuers located in South Korea.

Debt securities in which the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest include bonds, debentures, bills, securitized instruments (which are vehicles backed by pools of assets such as mortgages, loans, or other receivables), notes, certificates of deposit and other bank obligations, bank loans, senior secured bank debt, convertible debt securities, credit-linked notes, inflation-linked instruments, repurchase agreements, dividend paying equity securities, preferred equities, warrants, payment-in-kind securities and derivative instruments with fixed-income characteristics.

Each of the Funds, other than the Matthews Korea Fund, the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, may invest no more than 20% of its total assets in non-convertible bonds and other debt securities, including securities issued by government entities and their political subdivisions, provided, however, that the Matthews Japan Fund may only invest in non-convertible bonds that are rated, at the time of investment, BBB or higher by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group (“S&P”) or Fitch Investor Service, Inc. (“Fitch”) or Baa or higher by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) or rated of equivalent credit quality by an internationally recognized statistical rating organization or, if not rated, are of equivalent credit quality as determined by Matthews. Securities rated lower than BBB by S&P or Fitch, or Baa by Moody’s, are considered to have speculative characteristics. Non-convertible debt securities in which the Matthews Japan Fund may invest include U.S. dollar- or yen-denominated debt securities issued by the Japanese government or Japanese companies and obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities. The Matthews Korea Fund may invest in convertible debt securities, and up to 35% of its total assets in non-convertible debt securities provided that such securities are rated, at the time of investment, BBB or higher by S&P or Fitch or Baa or higher by Moody’s or rated of equivalent credit quality by an internationally recognized statistical rating organization or, if not rated, are of equivalent credit quality as determined by Matthews. Non-convertible debt securities in which the Matthews Korea Fund may invest include U.S. dollar- or won-denominated debt securities issued by the South Korean government or South Korean companies and obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund are permitted to invest in debt securities of any quality, including high yield debt securities rated below investment grade (commonly referred to as “junk bonds”) and unrated debt securities. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund may invest up to 50% of its total assets in securities of issuers from a single country (including the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions), and up to 25% of its total assets may be invested in the securities issued by any one Asian government (including its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions. The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest 25% or more of its total assets in securities of issuers from a single country (including the government of that country, its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions), and up to 25% of its total assets may be invested in the securities issued by any one Asian government (including its agencies, instrumentalities and political subdivisions).

The Funds may invest in securities of issuers of various sizes. Smaller companies often have limited product lines, markets or financial resources, and they may be dependent upon one or a few key people for management and may lack depth of management. Smaller companies may have less certain growth prospects, and be more sensitive to changing economic conditions than larger, more established companies. A Fund may have more difficulty obtaining information about smaller portfolio companies, or valuing or disposing of their securities, than it would if it focused on larger, more well-known companies. Transaction costs in stocks of smaller capitalization companies may be higher than those of larger capitalization companies. The securities of such companies generally are subject to more abrupt or erratic market movements and may be less liquid than securities of larger, more established companies or the markets in general, and can react differently to political, market and economic developments than these companies or markets. The Funds, and the Matthews Emerging Asia Fund in particular, may also invest in micro-cap companies (i.e., companies with total market capitalization of $250 million or less). Investments in micro-cap companies are subject to the same types of risks described above for investments in smaller companies, but the likelihood of such risks is even greater for micro-cap companies because they often have even narrower markets, fewer product lines and/or more limited managerial and financial resources than those of smaller companies.

 

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The Funds may invest in debt securities, including convertible debt securities, debt securities rated below investment grade, as well as unrated securities that have been deemed by Matthews to be of similar credit quality. Securities rated below investment grade (and unrated securities of comparable quality as determined by Matthews) are sometimes referred to as “high yield securities” or “junk bonds” and are considered to be speculative investments. High yield securities involve a greater risk of loss of principal and interest (see “Risks Associated with Securities Rated Below Investment Grade”). There is no objective standard against which Matthews may evaluate the credit and other risks of unrated securities. Matthews seeks to minimize the risks of investing in unrated and lower-rated securities through investment analysis and attention to current developments in interest rates and economic conditions. In selecting debt and convertible securities for the Funds, Matthews may assess the following factors, among others:

 

    Potential for capital appreciation;

 

    Price of security relative to price of underlying stock, if a convertible security;

 

    Yield of security relative to yield of other fixed-income securities;

 

    Interest or dividend income;

 

    Call and/or put features;

 

    Creditworthiness;

 

    Price of security relative to price of other comparable securities;

 

    Size of issue;

 

    Currency of issue; and

 

    Impact of security on diversification of the portfolios.

The Funds may also invest in securities of foreign issuers in the form of American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”), European Depositary Receipts (“EDRs”) and International Depositary Receipts (“IDRs”), also known as Global Depositary Receipts (“GDRs”). Generally, ADRs in registered form are U.S. dollar-denominated securities designed for use in the U.S. securities markets, which may be converted into an underlying foreign security. ADRs represent the right to receive securities of foreign issuers deposited in the domestic bank or correspondent bank. ADRs do not eliminate all the risks inherent in investing in the securities of foreign issuers. The Funds may also invest in EDRs, which are receipts evidencing an arrangement with a European bank similar to that for ADRs and are designed for use in the European securities markets.

IDRs and GDRs are similar to ADRs except that they are bearer securities for investors or traders outside the U.S., and for companies wishing to raise equity capital in securities markets outside the U.S. Most IDRs have been used to represent shares although some represent bonds, commercial paper and certificates of deposit. Some IDRs may be convertible to ADRs, making them particularly useful for arbitrage between the markets.

The Funds may purchase securities on a “when-issued” basis and may purchase or sell securities on a “forward commitment” basis. Such transactions may act as a hedge against anticipated changes in interest rates and prices.

Risks of Investment

All investments involve risk. There can be no guarantee against loss resulting from an investment in the Funds, nor can there be any assurance that a Fund’s investment objective will be attained. Below is supplemental information about risks of investing in the Funds. Further information about the principal risks of investing in the Funds can be found in the Prospectus.

 

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Political, Social and Economic Risks

The value of a Fund’s assets may be adversely affected by political, economic, social and religious factors, inadequate investor protection, changes in the laws or regulations of the countries in which it invests and the status of these countries’ relations with other countries. In addition, the economies of these countries may differ favorably or unfavorably from the U.S. economy in respects such as the rate of growth of gross domestic product, the rate of inflation, capital reinvestment, resource self-sufficiency, balance of payments position and sensitivity to changes in global trade. Some countries have limited natural resources (such as oil and natural gas), resulting in dependence on foreign sources for certain raw materials and vulnerability to global fluctuations of price and supply.

In many other countries, the government has exercised and continues to exercise significant influence over many aspects of the economy, and the number of public sector enterprises in these countries is substantial. Accordingly, future government actions in these countries could have a significant effect on the economy of these countries, which could affect private sector companies and the Funds, market conditions, and prices and yields of securities in a Fund’s portfolio.

Risks of Emerging Markets

Many countries of the Asia Pacific region are considered to be developing or emerging economies and markets. The risks of investment in such markets include (i) less social, political and economic stability; (ii) the smaller size of the securities markets and the lower volume of trading, which may result in a lack of liquidity and in greater price volatility; (iii) certain national policies that may restrict a Fund’s investment opportunities, including restrictions on investment in issuers or industries deemed sensitive to national interests, or expropriation or confiscation of assets or property, which could result in a Fund’s loss of its entire investment in that market; (iv) less developed legal and regulatory structures governing private or foreign investment or allowing for judicial redress for injury to private property; (v) inaccurate, incomplete or misleading financial information on companies in which the Funds invest; (vi) securities of companies may trade at prices not consistent with traditional valuation measures; and (vii) limitations on foreign ownership, which may impact the price of a security purchased or held by the Funds.

Many developing countries in which the Funds invest lack the social, political and economic stability characteristics of the United States. Political instability among emerging market countries can be common and may be caused by an uneven distribution of wealth, social unrest, labor strikes, civil wars and religious oppression. Economic instability in emerging market countries may take the form of (i) high interest rates; (ii) high levels of inflation, including hyperinflation; (iii) high levels of unemployment or underemployment; (iv) changes in government economic and tax policies, including confiscatory taxation; and (v) imposition of trade barriers.

Stock exchanges in emerging markets have in the past experienced substantial fluctuations in the prices of their listed securities. They have also experienced problems such as temporary exchange closures, broker defaults, settlement delays and broker strikes that, if they occur again, could affect the market price and liquidity of the securities in which the Funds invest. In addition, the governing bodies of certain stock exchanges have from time to time imposed restrictions on trading in certain securities, limitations on price movements and margin requirements. Disputes have also occurred from time to time among listed companies, the stock exchanges and other regulatory bodies, and in some cases those disputes have had a negative effect on overall market sentiment. There have been delays and errors in share allotments relating to initial public offerings, which in turn may affect overall market sentiment and lead to fluctuations in the market prices of the securities of those companies and others in which the Funds may invest.

In the past, governments within the emerging markets have become overly reliant on the international capital markets and other forms of foreign credit to finance public spending programs that cause large deficits. Often, interest payments have become too burdensome for the government to meet, representing a large percentage of total GDP. These foreign obligations then become the subject of political debate with the opposition parties pressuring the government to use its resources for social programs rather than making payments to foreign creditors. Some foreign governments have been forced to seek a restructuring of their loan and/or bond obligations and have declared a temporary suspension of interest payments or have defaulted. These events have adversely affected the values of securities issued by foreign governments and companies in emerging market countries and have negatively impacted not only their cost of borrowing, but their ability to borrow in the future as well.

In addition, brokerage commissions, custodial fees, withholding taxes, and other costs relating to investment in foreign markets may be higher than in the United States. The operating expense ratio of a Fund may be expected to be higher than that of a fund investing primarily in the securities of U.S. issuers.

Many emerging market countries suffer from uncertainty and corruption in their legal frameworks. Legislation may be difficult to interpret and laws may be too new to provide any precedential value. Laws regarding foreign investment and private property may be weak or non-existent. Sudden changes in governments may result in policies that are less favorable to investors, such as policies designed to expropriate or nationalize “sovereign” assets. Certain emerging market countries in the past have expropriated large amounts of private property, in many cases with little or no compensation, and there can be no assurance that such expropriation will not occur in the future.

 

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Legal principles relating to corporate affairs and the validity of corporate procedures, directors’ fiduciary duties and liabilities and shareholders’ rights may differ from those that may apply in the United States and other more developed countries. Shareholders’ rights may not be as extensive as those that exist under the laws of the United States and other more developed countries. A Fund may therefore have more difficulty asserting shareholder rights than it would as a shareholder of a comparable U.S. company.

Disclosure and regulatory standards of emerging market countries are in many respects less stringent than U.S. standards. Issuers are subject to accounting, auditing and financial standards and requirements that differ, in some cases significantly, from those applicable to issuers in the United States or other more developed countries. In particular, the assets and profits appearing on the financial statements of an issuer may not reflect its financial position or results of operations in the way they would be reflected had such financial statements been prepared in accordance with U.S. or European generally accepted accounting principles. There is substantially less publicly available information about emerging market issuers than there is about U.S. issuers.

Risks of Foreign Currency

Currencies of emerging market countries are subject to significantly greater risks than currencies of developed countries. Many emerging market countries have experienced steady declines or sudden devaluations of their currencies relative to the U.S. dollar. Some emerging markets currencies may not be internationally traded or may be subject to strict controls by local governments, resulting in undervalued or overvalued currencies. Some emerging markets countries have experienced deficits and shortages in foreign exchange reserves. Governments have responded by restricting currency conversions, foreign investments or the repatriation of foreign investments. Future restrictive exchange controls could prevent or restrict the ability of an issuer in such market to make dividend or interest payments in the original currency of the obligation. In addition, even though the currencies of some emerging market countries may be convertible into U.S. dollars, the conversion rates may not reflect their market values.

The U.S. dollar value of a Fund’s investments and of dividends and interest earned by the Funds may be significantly affected by changes in currency exchange rates. The value of a Fund’s assets denominated in foreign currencies will increase or decrease in response to fluctuations in the value of those foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar. Although the Funds may engage in currency transactions, Matthews does not currently intend to actively manage currency exchange rate risks except to the extent it uses a currency overlay strategy for the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund as discussed elsewhere in this SAI. Should Matthews do so, there is no assurance that it will do so at an appropriate time or that it will be able to predict exchange rates accurately. For example, if a Fund increases its exposure to a currency and that currency’s price subsequently falls, such currency management may result in increased losses to that Fund. Similarly, if a Fund decreases its exposure to a currency and the currency’s price rises, that Fund will lose the opportunity to participate in the currency’s appreciation. Some currency prices may be volatile, and there is the possibility of government controls on currency exchange or government intervention in currency markets, which could adversely affect the Funds. Foreign investments, which are not U.S. dollar-denominated, may require a Fund to convert assets into foreign currencies or to convert assets and income from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars. Normally, exchange transactions will be conducted on a spot, cash or forward basis at the prevailing rate in the foreign exchange market.

Dividends and interest received by the Funds with respect to foreign securities may give rise to withholding and other taxes imposed by foreign countries. Tax treaties between certain countries and the U.S. may reduce or eliminate such taxes. In addition, many foreign countries do not impose taxes on capital gains with respect to investments by non-resident investors.

The Funds may invest in convertible debt securities, which may be denominated in U.S. dollars, local or other currencies. The value of convertible securities varies with a number of factors including the value and volatility of the underlying stock, the level and volatility of interest rates, the passage of time, dividend policy and other variables. Investing in a convertible security denominated in a currency different from that of the security into which it is convertible may expose a Fund to currency risk as well as risks associated with the level and volatility of the foreign exchange rate between the security’s currency and the underlying stock’s currency.

Risks of Fixed-Income Securities

All fixed-income securities are subject to two primary types of risks: credit risk and interest rate risk. The credit risk relates to the ability of the issuer to meet interest or principal payments or both as they come due. The interest rate risk refers to the fluctuations in the NAV of any portfolio of fixed-income securities resulting from the inverse relationship between price and yield of fixed-income securities; that is, when the general level of interest rates rises, the prices of outstanding fixed-income securities decline, and when interest rates fall, prices rise.

In an international bond portfolio, the interest rate risk of a security is primarily linked to the interest rates of the currency of denomination of the security. For instance, U.S. dollar-denominated bonds of Asian companies would be primarily exposed to U.S. interest rate risk, rather than the interest rates of the home country of that company.

 

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Analogously, local currency bonds of Asian companies would be primarily exposed to the interest rates of the country of the currency of denomination of the security, so an Indonesian rupiah-denominated bond, for instance, would be most sensitive to the interest rates of Indonesia.

In addition, if the currency in which a security is denominated appreciates against the U.S. dollar, the dollar value of the security will increase. Conversely, a rise in interest rates or a decline in the exchange rate of the currency would adversely affect the value of the security expressed in dollars. Fixed-income securities denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar or in multinational currency units are evaluated on the strength of the particular currency against the U.S. dollar as well as on the current and expected levels of interest rates in the country or countries.

 

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Risks of Securities Rated Below Investment Grade

In this SAI, references are made to credit ratings of debt securities, which measure an issuer’s expected ability to pay principal and interest over time. Credit ratings are determined by rating organizations, such as Moody’s, S&P or Fitch. The following terms are generally used to describe the credit quality of debt securities depending on the security’s credit rating or, if unrated, credit quality as determined by Matthews:

 

    High quality

 

    Investment grade

 

    Below investment grade (“high yield securities” or “junk bonds”)

For a further description of credit ratings, see “Appendix: Bond Ratings.” As noted in the Appendix, Moody’s, S&P and Fitch may modify their ratings of securities to show relative standing within a rating category, with the addition of numerical modifiers (1, 2 or 3) in the case of Moody’s, and with the addition of a plus (+) or minus (-) sign in the case of S&P or Fitch. A Fund may purchase a security, regardless of any rating modification, provided the security is rated at or above the Fund’s minimum rating category. For example, a Fund may purchase a security rated B3 by Moody’s, B- by S&P, or B- by Fitch, provided the Fund may purchase securities rated B.

Each Fund (except the Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund, the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund) limits its investments in securities rated below investment grade (securities rated lower than BBB by S&P or Fitch, Baa or below by Moody’s or, if unrated, are of comparable quality in the judgment of Matthews) to no more than 15% of its total assets. Securities rated lower than BBB by S&P or Fitch, or Baa by Moody’s are considered to have speculative characteristics. Debt securities rated below investment grade, commonly referred to as “junk bonds,” are considered to be of poor standing and have speculative characteristics that result in a greater risk of loss of principal and interest. There can be no assurance that the Funds would be protected from widespread bond defaults brought about by a sustained economic downturn or other market and interest rate changes.

The value of lower-rated debt securities will be influenced not only by changing interest rates, but also by the bond market’s perception of credit quality and the outlook for economic growth. When economic conditions appear to be deteriorating, low and medium-rated bonds may decline in market value due to investors’ heightened concern over credit quality, regardless of prevailing interest rates. Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether or not based on fundamental analysis, may decrease the value and liquidity (liquidity refers to the ease or difficulty which a Fund could sell a security at its perceived value) of lower-rated securities held by a Fund, especially in a thinly-traded foreign market.

To the extent that an established secondary market does not exist and a particular lower-rated debt security is thinly-traded, that security’s fair value may be difficult to determine because of the absence of reliable objective data. As a result, a Fund’s valuation of the security and the price it could obtain upon its disposition could differ.

The credit ratings of S&P, Fitch and Moody’s are evaluations of the safety of principal and interest payments, not market value risk, of lower-rated securities. Credit rating agencies may fail to change timely the credit ratings to reflect subsequent events. Therefore, in addition to using recognized rating agencies and other sources, Matthews may perform its own analysis of issuers. Matthews’ analysis of issuers may be based on various factors, including, without limitation, historic and current financial conditions and current and anticipated cash flows. Such analysis is used by Matthews only for purposes of making an investment decision for the Funds, and Matthews makes no representation or guarantee as to the credit quality of a security in performing such analysis.

PARTICIPATION ON CREDITOR COMMITTEES: The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest in debt that is subject to defaults and workouts. Representatives of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund or Matthews may from time to time participate on committees formed by creditors to negotiate with the management of financially troubled issuers of securities held by the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund. Such participation may subject the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund to expenses such as legal fees and may make the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund an “insider” of the issuer for purposes of the federal securities laws, and therefore may restrict the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s ability to trade in or acquire additional positions in a particular security when it might otherwise desire to do so. Participation by the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund on such committees also may expose the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund to potential liabilities under the federal bankruptcy laws or other laws governing the rights of creditors and debtors. The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will participate on such committees only when Matthews believes that such participation is necessary or desirable to enforce the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s rights as a creditor or to protect the value of securities held by the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund.

 

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Risks of Asset-Backed Securities

The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest in securities issued by trusts and special purpose corporations with principal and interest payouts backed by, or supported by, any of various types of assets. These assets typically include receivables related to the purchase of automobiles, credit card loans, and home equity loans. These securities generally take the form of a structured type of security, including pass-through, pay-through, and stripped interest payout structures similar to the CMO structure. Investments in these and other types of asset-backed securities must be consistent with the investment objectives and policies of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund.

Asset-backed securities differ from conventional debt securities because principal is paid back periodically over the life of the security rather than at maturity. The overall credit quality of a securitized instrument depends primarily on the quality of the pools’ underlying assets. Similarly, the risk of default on an asset-backed security depends on the aggregate performance of the pool, not on any individual borrower’s ability or willingness to re-pay a loan. The market for asset-backed securities in most Asian countries is relatively new. Accordingly, historical information regarding pre-payment rates, default rates, and the performance of these securities generally may be unavailable or insufficient to assess credit quality and the other risks discussed in this section. Furthermore, while some asset-backed securities may be rated by an independent rating agency, such ratings may not provide sufficient or accurate information about the ultimate performance of asset backed securities.

The degree of seniority and subordination of the particular asset-backed security will also impact its performance and market value.

The principal on asset-backed securities may be prepaid at any time. When interest rates fall, the rate of prepayments tends to increase. Prepayments could reduce yield and market value of a security, and reduce the average maturity of, and the value of an investment in, the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund. Conversely, when interest rates rise, prepayments typically decrease. When pools of assets (i.e., asset-backed securities) are pre-paid at a slower rate than expected, the average maturity of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s portfolio may increase. This effect is referred to as “extension risk.” When pre-payments decelerate, the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may be unable to sell asset-backed securities (or be forced to sell them at reduced market values), rendering the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund unable to capitalize on asset-backed (or other) securities paying higher interest rates. Extension risk tends to make the market price of asset-backed securities, and other callable debt securities more volatile. Extension risk is primarily associated with mortgage-backed securities, but may affect all asset-backed securities.

Asset-backed securities involve certain risks, resulting mainly from the fact that asset-backed securities do not usually contain the complete benefit of a security interest in the related collateral. For example, credit card receivables generally are unsecured and the debtors are entitled to the protection of a number of state and federal consumer credit laws, some of which may reduce the ability to obtain full payment. In the case of automobile receivables, due to various legal and economic factors, proceeds from repossessed collateral may not always be sufficient to support payments on these securities.

The markets for asset-backed securities in Asia are relatively new. These markets may lack transparency, efficient price mechanisms and secondary market liquidity. The value of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s assets may be adversely affected by changes in legal and regulatory standards and inadequate investor protection (including insufficient recognition of the rights of beneficial owners). Accounting and disclosure standards applied to asset-backed securities may provide less transparency and disclosure than would be available for such instruments in more developed markets. Asian asset-backed securities markets may be thinly traded and provide less liquidity, especially in at times of economic or financial stress.

Risks of Investing in Foreign Countries

The Matthews Asia Value Fund, Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund, Matthews Asia Dividend Fund, Matthews Asia Focus Fund, Matthews Asia Growth Fund, Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund, Matthews Asia ESG Fund, Matthews Emerging Asia Fund, Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund, Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund, Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest in companies from different countries. In addition, each of these Funds may invest up to 20% of its total assets in securities located outside of Asia or the Asia Pacific region. The Matthews India, Matthews Japan and Matthews Korea Funds may each invest up to 20% of its total assets in securities located outside of India, Japan and South Korea, respectively; the Matthews China, Matthews China Dividend and Matthews China Small Companies Funds may each invest up to 20% of its total assets in securities located outside of China. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund may invest up to 50% of its total assets in securities of issuers from a single country, and up to 25% of its total assets in the securities issued by one Asian government. The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may invest 25% or more of its total assets in securities of issuers from a single country, and up to 25% of its total assets in the securities issued by one Asian government. Such investments by the Funds may be in the securities of companies from any country, including, without limitation, the United States. Each country’s size, level of economic development, and economic and political stability will have an impact on the value of those companies.

 

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The Matthews India Fund, Matthews Japan Fund and Matthews Korea Fund concentrate their investments, respectively, in securities of Indian, Japanese or South Korean companies; the Matthews China Fund, Matthews China Dividend Fund and Matthews China Small Companies Fund concentrate their investments in securities of Chinese companies. Consequently, the share price of each of these Funds may be more volatile, and more affected by political, economic and other events in the country in which they invest than that of mutual funds that are not as geographically concentrated. An investment in any of these Funds should not be considered a complete investment program, but may be used to help diversify a portfolio. Information regarding the risks associated with investing in China (including Hong Kong) and Taiwan, India, Japan and South Korea is included in the Prospectus and is set forth below.

Risks Associated with China

The Funds may hold securities listed on the Shanghai or Shenzhen stock exchanges. Securities listed on these exchanges are divided into two classes: A shares, which are mostly limited to domestic investors (as described further below under “China A Shares”), and B shares, which are allocated for both international and domestic investors. Currently, the Funds’ exposure to securities listed on either the Shanghai or Shenzhen exchanges is largely through the B shares. However, the Funds may hold smaller amounts of A shares through the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect program or through Matthews’ Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor (“QFII”) Quota.

The Funds may also acquire A shares through the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect program, when that program becomes operational (which is currently expected in late 2015 or 2016). The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect and Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect programs, and Matthews’ QFII Quota are described in more detail under “China A Shares,” below. In addition to these A shares and B shares, the Funds may also invest in Hong Kong listed H shares, Hong Kong listed Red Chips (which are companies owned by mainland China enterprises, but listed in Hong Kong) and companies with a significant amount of their revenues derived from business conducted in China (regardless of the exchange on which the security is listed or the country in which the company is based).

In addition to the risks of investing in securities of Chinese issuers described in the Prospectus, it is important to understand that significant portions of the Chinese securities markets may become rapidly illiquid, as the Chinese regulatory authorities and Chinese issuers have the ability to suspend the trading of equity securities, and have shown a willingness to exercise that option in response to market volatility and other events. The liquidity of Chinese securities may shrink or disappear suddenly and without warning as a result of adverse economic, market or political events, or adverse investor perceptions, whether or not accurate. The liquidity of a suspended security may be significantly impaired, and may be more difficult to value accurately. Illiquidity of a Fund’s holdings may limit the ability of the Fund to obtain cash to meet redemptions on a timely basis.

Risks Associated with Taiwan

The political reunification of China and Taiwan, over which China continues to claim sovereignty, is a highly complex issue and is unlikely to be settled in the near future. Continuing hostility between China and Taiwan may have an adverse impact on the values of a Fund’s investments in both China and Taiwan, or make investment in China and Taiwan impracticable or impossible. Any escalation of hostility between China and Taiwan would likely distort Taiwan’s capital accounts, as well as have a significant adverse impact on the value of a Fund’s investments in both countries, and in other countries in the region.

Taiwan has in the past shown an ability to prosper in a competitive environment on the strength of product quality, efficiency and responsiveness to market demand. This ability will continue to be tested in the future as, in addition to certain protectionist threats, Taiwan’s export economy faces competition from producers in other countries with lower wage levels than those generally prevailing in Taiwan. Skilled workers and technical personnel are still relatively inexpensive in Taiwan, but unskilled labor is increasingly in short supply. Recognizing the imperatives of the more competitive Asian economy, the Taiwanese government is seeking to develop Taiwan into a regional hub for high-end manufacturing, sea and air transportation, finance, telecommunications and media. Taiwan is seeking to develop further as a service-oriented economy rather than a labor-intensive, manufacturing-oriented one. One result of the movement of industrial capacity offshore has been the reduction of the labor shortage in manufacturing.

Risks Associated with India

Foreign investment in the securities of issuers in India is usually restricted or controlled to some degree. In India, “Foreign Institutional Investors” (“FIIs”) may predominately invest in exchange-traded securities (and securities to be listed, or those approved on the over-the-counter market of India) subject to the conditions specified in Indian guidelines and regulations (the “Guidelines”). FIIs are required to apply for registration to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) and to the Reserve Bank of India for permission to trade in Indian securities. The Guidelines require SEBI to review the professional experience and reputation of the FII, and custodian arrangements for Indian securities. Although the Trust is a registered FII, it must still seek renewal of this status

 

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periodically. There can be no guarantee that regulatory approval will be granted to continue the Trust’s FII status. FIIs are required to observe certain investment restrictions, including an ownership ceiling on the total issued share capital of any one company of: (1) 10% for an FII in aggregate; and (2) 10% for each sub-account or 5% for sub-accounts registered under the Foreign Companies/Individual category. In addition, the shareholdings of all registered FIIs, together with the shareholdings of non-resident Indian individuals and foreign corporate bodies substantially owned by non-resident Indians, may not exceed 40% of the issued share capital of most companies. It is possible that this restriction could be raised or potentially lifted, subject to that company’s approval. Under normal circumstances, income, gains and initial capital with respect to such investments are freely repatriable, subject to payment or withholding of applicable Indian taxes. Please see “Other Foreign Tax Issues.” There can be no assurance that these investment control regimes will not change in a way that makes it more difficult or impossible for the Funds to reach their investment objectives or repatriate their income, gains and initial capital from India.

 

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A high proportion of the shares of many Indian issuers are held by a limited number of persons or entities, which may limit the number of shares available for investment by a Fund. In addition, further issuances (or the perception that such issuances may occur) of securities by Indian issuers in which a Fund has invested could dilute the earnings per share of that Fund’s investment and could adversely affect the market price of such securities. Sales of securities by such issuer’s major shareholders, or the perception that such sales may occur, may also significantly and adversely affect the market price of such securities and, in turn, a Fund’s investment. A limited number of issuers represent a disproportionately large percentage of market capitalization and trading value. The limited liquidity of the Indian securities markets may also affect a Fund’s ability to acquire or dispose of securities at the price and time that it desires.

The ability of the Funds to invest in Indian securities, exchange Indian rupees into U.S. dollars and repatriate investment income, capital and proceeds of sales realized from their investments in Indian securities is subject to the Indian Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, and the rules, regulations and notifications issued thereunder. There can be no assurance that the Indian government in the future, whether for purposes of managing its balance of payments or for other reasons, will not impose restrictions on foreign capital remittances abroad or otherwise modify the exchange control regime applicable to foreign institutional investors in such a way that may adversely affect the ability of the Funds to repatriate their income and capital. Such conditions or modifications may prompt the Board of Trustees of the Trust (the “Board of Trustees” or the “Board”) to suspend redemptions of a Fund’s shares for up to the period allowed by the 1940 Act, which is seven days, except in certain limited circumstances. If for any reason a Fund is unable, through borrowing or otherwise, to distribute an amount equal to substantially all of its investment company taxable income (as defined for U.S. tax purposes, without regard to the deduction for dividends paid) within the applicable time periods, a Fund would cease to qualify for the favorable tax treatment afforded to regulated investment companies under the Code.

Religious and border disputes persist in India. Moreover, India has from time to time experienced civil unrest and hostilities with neighboring countries such as Pakistan. Both India and Pakistan have tested nuclear arms, and the threat of deployment of such weapons could hinder development of the Indian economy. Escalating tensions between India and Pakistan could impact the broader region. The Indian government has confronted separatist movements in several Indian states. The longstanding dispute with Pakistan over the bordering Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, a majority of whose population is Muslim, remains unresolved. Recent attacks by terrorists believed to be based in Pakistan against India have further damaged relations between the two countries. If the Indian government is unable to control the violence and disruption associated with these tensions, the results could destabilize the economy and, consequently, adversely affect a Fund’s investments.

Risks Associated with Japan

The decline in the Japanese securities markets, which began in 1989, has contributed to a weakness in the Japanese economy, and the impact of a further decline cannot be ascertained. The common stocks of many Japanese companies continue to trade at high price-earnings ratios in comparison with those in the United States. While differences in Japanese and international accounting standards have narrowed, remaining differences may continue to make it difficult to compare the earning of Japanese companies with those of companies in other countries, especially the United States.

Risks Associated with South Korea

The South Korean government has historically imposed significant restrictions and controls on foreign investors. As a result, the Funds may be limited in their investments or precluded from investing in certain South Korean companies, which may adversely affect the performance of the Funds. Under current regulations, foreign investors are allowed to invest in almost all shares listed on the South Korean Stock Exchange (“KSE”). From time to time, many of the securities trade among non-South Korean residents at a premium over the market price. Foreign investors may effect transactions with other foreign investors off the KSE in the shares of companies that have reached the maximum aggregate foreign ownership limit through a securities company in South Korea. These transactions typically occur at a premium over prices on the KSE. There can be no assurance that the Funds, if they purchase such shares at a premium, will be able to realize such premiums on the sale of such shares or that such premium will not be reduced or eliminated by changes in regulations or otherwise. Such securities will be valued at fair value as determined in good faith by the Funds’ Valuation Committee under the supervision of the Board of Trustees.

Investments by the Funds in the securities of South Korean issuers may involve investment risks different from those of U.S. issuers, including possible political, economic or social instability in South Korea, and changes in South Korean law or regulations. In addition, there is the possibility of the imposition of currency-exchange controls, foreign withholding tax on the interest income payable on such instruments, foreign controls, seizure or nationalization of foreign deposits or assets, or the adoption of other foreign government restrictions that might adversely affect the South Korean securities held by the Funds. Political instability and/or military conflict involving North Korea may adversely affect the value of the Funds’ assets. Foreign securities may also be subject to greater fluctuations in price than securities of domestic corporations or the U.S. government. There may be less publicly available information

 

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about a South Korean company than about a U.S. company. Brokers in South Korea may not be as well capitalized as those in the U.S., so that they may be more susceptible to financial failure in times of market, political or economic stress. Additionally, South Korean accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards and requirements differ, in some cases significantly, from those applicable to U.S. issuers. In particular, the assets and profits appearing on the financial statements of a South Korean issuer may not reflect its financial position or results of operations in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. There is a possibility of expropriation, nationalization, confiscatory taxation or diplomatic developments that could adversely affect investments in South Korea.

 

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The Funds do not intend to engage in activities that they believe would create a permanent establishment in South Korea within the meaning of the South Korea-U.S. Tax Treaty. Therefore, the Funds generally should not be subject to any South Korean income taxes other than South Korean withholding taxes. Exemption or reductions in these taxes apply if the South Korea-U.S. Tax Treaty applies to the Funds. If the treaty provisions are not, or cease to be, applicable to the Funds, significant additional withholding or other taxes could apply, reducing the NAVs of the Funds.

Risks Associated with Other Countries

The Funds may invest, and the Matthews Emerging Asia Fund will invest a substantial portion of its total net assets, in various other countries in the Asia Pacific region, including Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Kazakhstan. Information regarding the risks associated with investing in some of these countries is included in the Prospectus, and additional information regarding the risks of investing in some of these countries is set forth below.

Vietnam. In 1992, Vietnam initiated the process of privatization of state-owned enterprises, and expanded that process in 1996. The Vietnamese government has exercised and continues to exercise significant influence over many aspects of the economy. Accordingly, government and bureaucratic actions have a significant effect on the economy and could adversely affect market conditions, deter economic growth and the profitability of private enterprises. Some Vietnamese industries, including commercial banking, remain dominated by state-owned enterprises. To date, economic, political and legal reform has proceeded at a slow pace, and foreign direct investment remains at a developmental stage. Currently, employees and management boards hold a majority of the equity of most privatized enterprises. In addition, the government of Vietnam continues to hold, on average, more than one-third of the equity in such firms. Only a small percentage of the shares of privatized companies are held by investors. In addition, Vietnam continues to impose limitations on foreign ownership of Vietnamese companies. Vietnamese authorities have in the past imposed arbitrary repatriation taxes on foreign owners, and the government may levy withholding and other taxes on dividends, interest and gains. There can be no guarantee that Vietnam’s privatization process, or its efforts to reform its economic, political or legal systems will continue.

Inflation threatens long-term economic growth and may deter foreign investment in the country. In addition, foreign currency reserves in Vietnam may not be sufficient to support conversion into the U.S. dollar (or other more liquid currencies), which may result in a fund being unable to repatriate proceeds from the sales of Vietnamese holdings. Business and overseas investment patterns may exacerbate currency conversion and repatriation at certain times of the year. The Funds may attempt to repatriate from the Vietnamese Dong using a third currency (e.g. Hong Kong Dollar or Euro), which could expose the Funds to risks associated with that currency and additional costs. Perhaps to a greater extent than markets in other emerging market countries, Vietnamese markets have relatively low levels of liquidity, which may result in extreme volatility in the prices of Vietnamese securities. Market volatility may also be heightened by the actions of a small number of investors.

Pakistan. Changes in the value of investments in Pakistan and in companies with significant economic ties to that country largely depend on continued economic growth and reform in Pakistan, which remains uncertain and subject to a variety of risks. Adverse developments can result in substantial declines in the value of investments. Pakistan has faced, and continues to face, high levels of political instability and social unrest at both the regional and national levels. Such instability has and may erupt again into wide-scale disorder. Social and political instability may also result in increased levels of terrorism, prolonged economic disruption and may discourage foreign investment.

Ongoing border disputes with India may result in armed conflict between the two nations, both of which possess nuclear capabilities. Even in the absence of armed conflict, the lingering threat of war with India may depress economic growth and investment in Pakistan. Additionally, Pakistan’s geographic location and its shared borders with Afghanistan and Iran increase the risk that it will be involved in, or otherwise affected by, international conflict. Pakistan’s economic growth is in part attributable to high levels of foreign aid, loans and debt forgiveness. Such international support, however, may be significantly reduced or terminated in response to changes in the political leadership of Pakistan.

Pakistan faces a wide range of other economic problems and risks. Pakistan has undertaken a privatization initiative, but with continued opposition to such efforts, there is substantial uncertainty over whether privatization will continue and whether existing efforts will be reversed. Pakistan is subject to substantial natural resource constraints, which both hamper development and make Pakistan’s economy vulnerable to price fluctuations in these resources. Pakistan maintains large budgetary and current account deficits. The resulting high levels of national debt may not be sustainable. Pakistan also maintains a trade deficit, which could be worsened if relations with the United States, the largest market for Pakistani exports, deteriorate. The rights of investors and other property owners in Pakistan are subject to protection by a developing judicial system that is widely perceived as lacking transparency. Inflation threatens long-term economic growth and may deter foreign investment in the country. Government leaders have previously adopted policies that increased legal and economic uncertainty and inhibited foreign investment and may do so in the future.

 

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Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is an ethnically diverse republic with authoritarian presidential rule located in a strategic position between Asia and Europe. Kazakhstan has a resource-based economy heavily dependent on the export of natural resources, and accordingly, fluctuations in certain commodity markets or sustained low prices for Kazakh exports could adversely affect Kazakhstan’s economy. Additionally, rising commodities prices create inflationary pressures from strong currency inflows. Kazakhstan has pursued economic reform and liberalization of many economic areas, but there is no guarantee that the government will not become directly involved in aspects of the economy in the future. The banking system is a significant weak point in the Kazakh economy because the solvency of banks is at risk from a high proportion of non-performing loans.

Additional Investment Strategies

Except as otherwise stated, the following strategies and specific types of investments are not the principal investment strategies of the Funds, but are reserved by Matthews for its use in the event that Matthews deems it appropriate to do so to achieve the Funds’ fundamental investment objectives.

1. Loans of Portfolio Securities

The Funds may lend portfolio securities to broker-dealers and financial institutions. In return, the broker-dealers and financial institutions pay the Funds money to borrow these securities. The Funds may lend portfolio securities, provided that: (1) the loan is secured continuously by collateral marked-to-market daily and maintained in an amount at least equal to the current market value of the securities loaned; (2) a Fund may call the loan at any time and receive the securities loaned; (3) a Fund will receive any interest or dividends paid on the loaned securities; and (4) the aggregate market value of securities loaned by a Fund will not at any time exceed 33% of the total assets of that Fund.

Collateral will consist of U.S. government securities, cash equivalents or irrevocable letters of credit. Loans of securities involve a risk that the borrower may fail to return the securities or may fail to maintain the proper amount of collateral. Therefore, the Fund will only enter into portfolio loans after a review by Matthews, under the supervision of the Board of Trustees, including a review of the creditworthiness of the borrower. Such reviews will be monitored on an ongoing basis.

For the duration of the loan, a Fund will continue to receive the equivalent of the interest or dividends paid by the issuer on the securities loaned and will receive proceeds from the investment of the collateral. As with other extensions of credit, there are risks of delay in recovery or even losses of rights in the securities loaned should the borrower of the securities fail financially. However, the loans will be made only to borrowers deemed by Matthews to be creditworthy, and when, in the judgment of Matthews, the income which can be earned currently from such loans justifies the attendant risk. Additionally, for the duration of the loan, a Fund will not have the right to vote on securities while they are being lent, but will generally call a loan in anticipation of any important vote, as determined by Matthews.

Such loans of securities are collateralized with collateral assets in an amount at least equal to the current value of the loaned securities, plus accrued interest. There is a risk of delay in receiving collateral or recovering the securities loaned or even a loss of rights in the collateral should the borrower fail financially.

2. Repurchase Agreements

The Funds may enter into repurchase agreements to earn income. The Funds may also enter into repurchase agreements with financial institutions that are deemed to be creditworthy by Matthews, pursuant to guidelines established by the Board of Trustees. The repurchase price under the agreements equals the price paid by a Fund plus interest negotiated on the basis of current short-term rates (which may be more or less than the rate on the securities underlying the repurchase agreement). Repurchase agreements may be considered to be collateralized loans by the Funds under the 1940 Act.

 

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Any collateral will be marked-to-market daily. If the seller of the underlying security under the repurchase agreement should default on its obligation to repurchase the underlying security, a Fund may experience delay or difficulty in exercising its right to realize upon the security and, in addition, may incur a loss if the value of the security should decline, as well as disposition costs in liquidating the security. A Fund will not invest more than 15% of its net assets in repurchase agreements maturing in more than seven days. The Funds must treat each counterparty to a repurchase agreement as an issuer of a security for tax diversification purposes and not treat the agreement as cash, a cash equivalent or receivable.

The financial institutions with which the Matthews Asia Funds may enter into repurchase agreements are banks and non-bank dealers of U.S. government securities that are listed on the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s list of reporting dealers and banks, if such banks and non-bank dealers are deemed creditworthy by Matthews. Matthews will continue to monitor the creditworthiness of the seller under a repurchase agreement, and will require the seller to maintain during the term of the agreement the value of the securities subject to the agreement at not less than the repurchase price. Funds will only enter into a repurchase agreement where the market value of the underlying security, including interest accrued, will be at all times equal to or exceed the value of the repurchase agreement.

 

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The Funds may invest in repurchase agreements with foreign parties, or in a repurchase agreement based on securities denominated in foreign currencies. Legal structures in foreign countries, including bankruptcy laws, may offer less protection to investors such as the Funds, and foreign repurchase agreements generally involve greater risks than a repurchase agreement in the United States.

3. Reverse Repurchase Agreements

A Fund may enter into reverse repurchase agreements to raise cash on a short-term basis. Reverse repurchase agreements involve the sale of securities held by a Fund pursuant to its agreement to repurchase the securities at an agreed upon price, date and rate of interest. The repurchase price under the agreements equals the price paid by a counterparty plus interest negotiated on the basis of current short-term rates (which may be more or less than the rate on the securities underlying the repurchase agreement). Such agreements are considered to be borrowings under the 1940 Act, and may be entered into only for temporary or emergency purposes. While reverse repurchase transactions are outstanding, each Fund will maintain in a segregated account an amount of cash, U.S. government securities or other liquid, high-grade debt securities at least equal to the market value of the securities, plus accrued interest, subject to the agreement. Reverse repurchase agreements involve the risk that the market value of the securities sold by the Funds may decline below the price of the securities a Fund is obligated to repurchase.

4. Securities of Other Investment Companies

The Funds may invest in the securities of other investment companies and currently intend to limit their investments in securities issued by other investment companies so that, as determined immediately after a purchase of such securities is made: (i) not more than 5% of the value of any of the individual Fund’s total assets will be invested in the securities of any one investment company; (ii) not more than 10% of a Fund’s total assets will be invested in the aggregate in securities of investment companies as a group; and (iii) not more than 3% of the outstanding voting stock of any one investment company will be owned by the respective Fund.

As a shareholder of another investment company, a Fund would bear along with other shareholders, its pro rata portion of the investment company’s expenses, including advisory fees. These expenses would be in addition to the advisory and other expenses that the Funds bear directly in connection with their own operations.

5. Illiquid Securities

Illiquid securities are securities that cannot be disposed of at approximately the price at which they are valued by a Fund within seven days of wanting to do so. The Board of Trustees has delegated the function of making day-to-day determinations of whether a security is liquid or not to Matthews, pursuant to guidelines established by the Board of Trustees and subject to its quarterly review. Matthews will monitor the liquidity of securities held by the Funds and report periodically on such decisions to the Board of Trustees.

Each Fund may invest no more than 15% of its net assets in illiquid securities. A Fund may not be able to readily sell such securities. Such securities are unlike securities that are traded in the open market and that can be expected to be sold immediately. The sale price of a security that is not readily marketable may be lower or higher than a Fund’s most recent estimate of its fair value. Generally, less public information is available with respect to the issuers of these securities than with respect to companies whose securities are traded on an exchange. Securities that are not readily marketable are more likely to be issued by a start-up, small or family business and therefore subject to greater economic, business and market risks than the listed securities of more well established companies.

6. Rule 144A Securities (Restricted Securities)

Securities which are not registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to Rule 144A of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “1933 Act”), are only traded among institutional investors. These securities are sometimes called “Restricted Securities” because they are restricted from being sold to the general public because they are not registered with the SEC.

Some of these securities are also illiquid because they cannot be sold at approximately the price at which they are valued by a Fund within seven days of wanting to do so. The 15% limit on illiquid securities discussed previously does not include any restricted securities that have been determined to be liquid by the Board of Trustees.

7. Convertible Securities

Each Fund may purchase convertible securities. Convertible securities entitle the holder to exchange the securities for a specified number of shares of common stock, usually of the same company, at specified prices within a certain period of time. In addition, the owner of convertible securities often receives interest or dividends until the security is converted. The provisions of any convertible security determine its ranking in a company’s capital structure. In the case of subordinated convertible debentures, the holder’s claims on assets and earnings are subordinated to the claims of other creditors, and are senior to the claims of preferred and common shareholders. In the case of preferred stock and convertible preferred stock, the holder’s claims on assets and earnings are subordinated to the claims of all creditors but are senior to the claims of common shareholders.

 

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To the extent that a convertible security’s investment value is greater than its conversion value, its price will be primarily a reflection of such investment value and its price will be likely to increase when interest rates fall and decrease when interest rates rise, as with a fixed-income security. If the conversion value exceeds the investment value, the price of the convertible security will rise above its investment value and, in addition, may sell at some premium over its conversion value. At such times the price of the convertible security will tend to fluctuate directly with the price of the underlying equity security.

8. Forward Commitments, When-Issued Securities and Delayed-Delivery Transactions

The Funds may purchase securities on a when-issued basis, or purchase or sell securities on a forward commitment basis or purchase securities on a delayed-delivery basis. The Funds will normally realize a capital gain or loss in connection with these transactions. For purposes of determining the Funds’ average dollar-weighted maturity, the maturity of when-issued or forward commitment securities will be calculated from the commitment date.

When the Funds purchase securities on a when-issued, delayed-delivery or forward commitment basis, the Funds’ custodian will maintain in a segregated account: cash, U.S. government securities or other high-grade liquid debt obligations having a value (determined daily) at least equal to the amount of the Funds’ purchase commitments. In the case of a forward commitment to sell portfolio securities, the custodian will hold the portfolio securities themselves in a segregated account while the commitment is outstanding. These procedures are designed to ensure that the Funds will maintain sufficient assets at all times to cover their obligations under when-issued purchases, forward commitments and delayed-delivery transactions.

Securities purchased or sold on a when-issued, delayed-delivery or forward commitment basis involve a risk of loss if the value of the security to be purchased declines prior to the settlement date. Although the Funds would generally purchase securities on a when-issued, delayed-delivery or a forward commitment basis with the intention of acquiring the securities, the Funds may dispose of such securities prior to settlement if Matthews deems it appropriate to do so.

9. Short-Selling

In markets where it is permitted to do so, the Funds may make short sales. A short sale occurs when a Fund borrows stock (usually from a broker) and promises to give it back at some date in the future and then sells the borrowed shares. If the market price of that stock goes down, the Fund buys the stock at a lower price so that it can pay back the broker for the stock borrowed. The difference between the prices of the stock when borrowed, and when later purchased, is a profit. The profit is reduced by a fee paid to the broker for borrowing the stock.

A Fund may incur a loss as a result of a short sale if the price of the security increases between the date of the short sale and the date on which the Fund replaces the borrowed security. The amount of any loss will be increased by the amount of any premium, dividends or interest the Fund may be required to pay in connection with a short sale. No securities will be sold short if, after effect is given to any such short sale, the total market value of all securities sold short would exceed 10% of the value of the Fund’s net assets. The Fund will place in a segregated account with its custodian bank an amount of cash or liquid securities equal to the difference between the current market value of the securities sold short and any cash or securities required to be deposited in a collateral account with the broker in connection with the short sale (excluding the proceeds of the short sale).

This segregated account will be marked-to-market daily, provided that at no time will the amount deposited in it, plus the collateral held for the broker (excluding the proceeds of the short sale), be less than the current market value of the securities sold short.

10. Interest Rate Futures Contracts

The Funds may enter into contracts for the future delivery of fixed-income securities commonly referred to as “interest rate futures contracts.” These futures contracts will be used only as a hedge against anticipated interest rate changes. A Fund will not enter into an interest rate futures contract if immediately thereafter more than 5% of the value of that Fund’s total assets will be committed to margin. The principal risks related to the use of such instruments are (1) the offsetting correlation between movements in the market price of the portfolio investments being hedged and in the price of the futures contract or option may be imperfect; (2) possible lack of a liquid secondary market for closing out futures or option positions; (3) the need for additional portfolio management skills and techniques; and (4) losses due to unanticipated market price movements.

11. Futures Transactions

The Funds may engage in futures transactions for the purchase or sale for future delivery of securities. While futures contracts provide for the delivery of securities, deliveries usually do not occur. Contracts are generally terminated by entering into offsetting transactions or by making or receiving a cash payment. The Funds may invest in futures transactions for hedging purposes or to maintain liquidity. A Fund may not purchase or sell a futures contract, however, unless immediately after any such transaction the sum of the aggregate amount of margin deposits on its existing futures positions and the amount of premiums paid for related options is 10% or less of its total assets.

 

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At maturity, a futures contract obligates the Funds to take or make delivery of certain securities or the cash value of a securities index. A Fund may sell a futures contract in order to offset a decrease in the market value of its portfolio securities that might otherwise result from a market decline. A Fund may do so either to hedge the value of its portfolio of securities as a whole, or to protect against declines, occurring prior to sales of securities, in the value of the securities to be sold. Conversely, a Fund may purchase a futures contract in anticipation of purchases of securities. In addition, a Fund may utilize futures contracts in anticipation of changes in the composition of its portfolio holdings.

The Funds may engage in futures transactions on U.S. or foreign exchanges or boards of trade. In the U.S., futures exchanges, and trading are regulated under the Commodity Exchange Act of 1936, as amended (the “CEA”), by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), a U.S. government agency. The Funds will use futures contracts and options on futures contracts in accordance with the applicable rules of the CFTC under which the Trust avoids being deemed a “commodity pool operator” and Matthews being deemed a “commodity trading adviser.” Because of these plans, the Trust has claimed the applicable exemption under CFTC rules and is not registered or regulated as a commodity pool operator.

The Funds may enter into such futures transactions to protect against the adverse effects of fluctuations in security prices, or interest rates, without actually buying or selling the securities underlying the contract. A stock index futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to take) an amount of cash equal to a specific dollar amount multiplied by the difference between the value of a specific stock index at the close of the last trading day of the contract and the price at which the agreement was made.

With respect to options on futures contracts, when the Funds are temporarily not fully invested, they may purchase a call option on a futures contract to hedge against a market advance due to declining interest rates. The purchase of a call option on a futures contract is similar in some respects to the purchase of a call option on an individual security. Depending on the pricing of the option compared to either the price of the futures contract upon which it is based, or the price of the underlying debt securities, it may or may not be less risky than ownership of the futures contract or underlying debt securities.

The writing of a call option on a futures contract constitutes a partial hedge against the declining price of the security or foreign currency which is deliverable upon exercise of the futures contract. The writing of a put option on a futures contract constitutes a partial hedge against the increasing price of the security or foreign currency which is deliverable upon exercise of the futures contract.

To the extent that market prices move in an unexpected direction, the Funds may not achieve the anticipated benefits of futures contracts or options on futures contracts or may realize a loss. Further, with respect to options on futures contracts, each Fund may seek to close out an option position by writing or buying an offsetting position covering the same securities or contracts and that have the same exercise price and expiration date. The ability to establish and close out positions on options is subject to the maintenance of a liquid secondary market, which cannot be assured.

The Funds may purchase and sell call and put options on futures contracts traded on an exchange or board of trade. When a Fund purchases an option on a futures contract, it has the right to assume a position as a purchaser or seller of a futures contract at a specified exercise price at any time during the option period. When a Fund sells an option on a futures contract, it becomes obligated to purchase or sell a futures contract if the option is exercised. In anticipation of a market advance, the Funds may purchase call options on futures contracts as a substitute for the purchase of futures contracts to hedge against a possible increase in the price of securities which the Funds intend to purchase. Similarly, if the market is expected to decline, the Funds might purchase put options or sell call options on futures contracts rather than sell futures contracts. In connection with a Fund’s position in a futures contract or option thereon, the Funds will create a segregated account of liquid assets or will otherwise cover its position in accordance with applicable requirements of the SEC.

a. Restrictions on the Use of Futures Contracts

Each Fund may enter into futures contracts provided that such obligations (calculated on a net rather than a gross or notional basis) represent no more than 20% of the Fund’s net assets. Under the CEA, each Fund may invest in futures contracts, options on future contracts and certain swap agreements (i) for bona fide hedging purposes within the meaning of regulations under the CEA, or (ii) for other than bona fide hedging purposes if (1) the aggregate initial margin and premiums required to establish such positions will not exceed 5% of the liquidation value of a Fund’s portfolio (after taking into account unrealized profits and unrealized losses on any such positions) and that in the case of an option that is in-the-money at the time of purchase, the in-the-money amount may be excluded from such 5%; or (2) the aggregate notional value of all non-hedge futures contracts including such contract (taken at market value at the time of entering that contract) does not exceed the liquidation value of the Fund’s portfolio (after taking into account unrealized profits and unrealized losses on any such positions). To the extent required by law, the Fund will set aside cash and appropriate liquid assets in a segregated account to cover its obligations related to futures contracts. For futures contracts that provide for cash settlement rather than delivery of securities, the amount of assets a Fund will set aside or segregate would be based on the cash value needed to settle the position rather than the notional or reference value of the contract.

 

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b. Risk Factors of Futures Transactions

The primary risks associated with the use of futures contracts and options (commonly referred to as “derivatives”) are: (i) imperfect correlation between the change in market value of the securities held by the Funds and the price of futures contracts and options; (ii) possible lack of a liquid secondary market for a futures contract and the resulting inability to close a futures contract when desired; (iii) losses, which are potentially unlimited, due to unanticipated market movements; and (iv) Matthews’ ability to predict correctly the direction of security prices, interest rates and other economic factors.

12. Foreign Currency Transactions

The Funds may engage in foreign currency transactions in connection with their investments in foreign securities. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund during various periods also will employ a currency overlay strategy in an effort to enhance returns and moderate volatility. The Funds will conduct any foreign currency exchange transactions either on a spot (i.e., cash) basis at the spot rate prevailing in the foreign currency exchange market, or through forward contracts to purchase or sell foreign currencies.

A forward foreign currency exchange contract involves an obligation to purchase or sell a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days from the date of the contract agreed upon by the parties, at a price set at the time of the contract. These contracts are principally traded in the inter-bank market conducted directly between currency traders (usually large, commercial banks) and their customers. The cost to a Fund of engaging in forward currency contracts varies with factors such as the currency involved, the length of the contract period and the market conditions then prevailing. A forward contract generally has no deposit requirement, and because forward currency contracts are usually entered into on a principal basis, no fees or commissions are charged at any stage for trades. However, dealers do realize a profit based on the difference between the prices at which they are buying and selling various currencies.

When a Fund enters into a contract for the purchase or sale of a security denominated in a foreign currency, it may want to establish the U.S. dollar cost or proceeds, as the case may be. By entering into a forward contract in U.S. dollars for the purchase or sale of the amount of foreign currency involved in an underlying security transaction, a Fund is able to protect itself against a possible loss between trade and settlement dates resulting from an adverse change in the relationship between the U.S. dollar and such foreign currency. However, this tends to limit potential gains that might result from a positive change in such currency relationships. The Funds may also (but are not required to) hedge their foreign currency exchange rate risk by engaging in currency financial futures and options transactions.

Each Fund may enter into a forward contract to sell a different foreign currency for a fixed U.S. dollar amount where Matthews believes that the U.S. dollar value of the currency to be sold pursuant to the forward contract will fall whenever there is a decline in the U.S. dollar value of the currency in which portfolio securities of the Funds are denominated (“cross-hedge”). The precise matching of forward currency contracts amounts and the value of the securities involved generally will not be possible because the value of such securities, measured in the foreign currency, will change after the foreign currency contract has been established. Thus, the Funds might need to purchase or sell foreign currencies in the spot (cash) market to the extent such foreign currencies are not covered by forward contracts. The forecasting of short-term currency market movement is extremely difficult and whether such a short-term hedging strategy will be successful is highly uncertain. The Funds may also enter into forward contracts to sell foreign currency with respect to portfolio positions denominated or quoted in that currency.

When a Fund enters into a forward currency contract, it relies on the counterparty to make or take delivery of the underlying currency at the maturity of the contract. Failure by the counterparty to do so would result in the loss of any expected benefit of the transaction. Secondary markets generally do not exist for forward currency contracts, with the result that closing transactions generally can be made for forward currency contracts only by negotiating directly with the counterparty. Thus, there can be no assurance that a Fund will in fact be able to close out a forward currency contract at a favorable price prior to maturity. In addition, in the event of insolvency of the counterparty, a Fund might be unable to close out a forward currency contract at any time prior to maturity. In either event, the Fund would continue to be subject to market risk with respect to the position, and would continue to be required to maintain a position in securities denominated in the foreign currency or to maintain cash or securities in a segregated account.

Each Fund will segregate liquid assets that will be marked-to-market daily to meet its forward contract commitments to the extent required by the SEC. If the contract provides for cash settlement rather than delivery of the stated or notional amount of foreign currency, then the Fund would segregate liquid assets based on the cash value needed to settle the position.

Each Fund may enter into forward currency contracts or maintain a net exposure to such contracts only if (i) the consummation of the contracts would not obligate the Funds to deliver an amount of foreign currency in excess of the value of its portfolio securities or other assets denominated in that currency, or (ii) the Fund maintains cash or liquid securities in a segregated account in an amount not less than the value of its total assets committed to the consummation of the contract and not covered as provided in (i) above, as marked-to-market daily.

 

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Each Fund may also (but is not required to) use options and futures on foreign currencies, in addition to forward currency contracts, to hedge against movements in the values of the foreign currencies in which the Fund’s securities are denominated. Such currency hedges can protect against price movements in a security the Fund owns or intends to acquire that are attributable to changes in the value of the currency in which it is denominated. While hedging may limit the potential loss to a Fund from adverse currency movements, Matthews’ ability to anticipate changes in the price of foreign currencies is limited and any hedging may limit the potential gain from positive currency movements or otherwise result in losses. Such hedges do not protect against price movements in the securities that are attributable to other causes.

The value of hedging instruments on foreign currencies depends on the value of the underlying currency relative to the U.S. dollar. Because foreign currency transactions occurring in the inter-bank market might involve substantially larger amounts than those involved in the use of such hedging instruments, the Funds could be disadvantaged by having to deal in the odd lot market (generally consisting of transactions of less than $1 million) for the underlying foreign currencies at prices that are less favorable than for round lots.

The Funds might seek to hedge against changes in the value of a particular currency when no hedging instruments on that currency are available or such hedging instruments are more expensive than certain other hedging instruments. In such cases, the Funds may hedge against price movements in that currency by entering into transactions using hedging instruments on other currencies, the values of which Matthews believes will have a high degree of positive correlation to the value of the currency being hedged. The risk that movements in the price of the hedging instrument will not correlate perfectly with movements in the price of the currency being hedged is magnified when this strategy is used.

Settlement of hedging transactions involving foreign currencies might be required to take place within the country issuing the underlying currency. Thus, the Funds might be required to accept or make delivery of the underlying foreign currency in accordance with U.S. or foreign regulations regarding the maintenance of foreign banking arrangements by U.S. residents and might be required to pay fees, taxes and charges associated with such delivery assessed in the issuing country.

13. Options

Each Fund may buy put and call options and write covered call and secured put options. Such options may relate to particular securities, stock indices or financial instruments and may or may not be listed on a national securities exchange and issued by the Options Clearing Corporation. Options trading is a highly specialized activity which entails greater than ordinary investment risk. Options on particular securities may be more volatile than the underlying securities, and therefore, on a percentage basis, an investment in options may be subject to greater fluctuation than an investment in the underlying securities themselves.

a. Writing Call Options

Each Fund may write covered call options from time to time on portions of its portfolio, without limit, as Matthews determines is appropriate in pursuing that Fund’s investment goals. The advantage to a Fund of writing covered calls is that the Fund receives a premium which is additional income. However, if the security rises in value, the Fund may not fully participate in the market appreciation.

The Funds will write call options only if they are “covered.” In the case of a call option on a security, the option is “covered” if a Fund owns the security underlying the call or has an absolute and immediate right to acquire that security without additional cash consideration (or, if additional cash consideration is required, liquid assets in such amount held in a segregated account by its custodian) upon conversion or exchange of other securities held by it.

For a call option on an index, the option is covered if a Fund maintains with its custodian a diversified stock portfolio, or liquid assets equal to the contract value. A call option is also covered if a Fund holds a call on the same security or index as the call written. Here the exercise price of the call held is (i) equal to or less than the exercise price of the call written; or (ii) greater than the exercise price of the call written provided the difference is maintained by a Fund in liquid assets in a segregated account with its custodian.

A Fund’s obligation under a covered call option is terminated upon the expiration of the option or upon entering a closing purchase transaction. In a closing purchase transaction, a Fund, as writer of an option, terminates its obligation by purchasing an option of the same series as the option previously written.

Closing purchase transactions will ordinarily be effected to realize a profit on an outstanding call option, to prevent an underlying security from being called, to permit the sale of the underlying security or to enable a Fund to write another call option on the underlying security with either a different exercise price or expiration date or both. The Funds may realize a net gain or loss from a closing purchase transaction depending upon whether the net amount of the original premium received on the call option is more or less than the cost of effecting the closing purchase transaction. Any loss incurred in a closing purchase transaction may be partially or entirely offset by the premium received from a sale of a different call option on the same underlying security. Such a loss may also be wholly or partially offset by unrealized appreciation in the market value of the underlying security. Conversely, a gain resulting from a closing purchase transaction could be offset in whole or in part by a decline in the market value of the underlying security.

 

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During the option period, a covered call option writer may be assigned an exercise notice by the broker-dealer through whom such call option was sold, requiring the writer to deliver the underlying security against payment of the exercise price. A closing purchase transaction cannot be effected with respect to an option once the option writer has received an exercise notice for such option.

b. Writing Put Options

Each Fund may write put options. The Funds will write put options only if they are “secured” at all times by liquid assets maintained in a segregated account by the Funds’ custodian in an amount not less than the exercise price of the option at all times during the option period. Secured put options will generally be written in circumstances where Matthews wishes to purchase the underlying security for a Fund’s portfolio at a price lower than the current market price of the security. With regard to the writing of put options, a Fund will limit the aggregate value of the obligations underlying such put options to 50% of its total net assets.

Following the writing of a put option, a Fund may wish to terminate the obligation to buy the security underlying the option by effecting a closing purchase transaction. This is accomplished by buying an option of the same series as the option previously written. A Fund may not, however, effect such a closing transaction after it has been notified of the exercise of the option.

c. Purchasing Call Options

Each Fund may purchase call options to the extent that premiums paid by that Fund do not aggregate more than 10% of its total assets. When a Fund purchases a call option, in return for a premium paid by the Fund to the writer of the option, the Fund obtains the right to buy the security underlying the option at a specified exercise price at any time during the term of the option. The writer of the call option, who receives the premium upon writing the option, has the obligation, upon exercise of the option, to deliver the underlying security against payment of the exercise price. The advantage of purchasing call options is that the Fund may alter portfolio characteristics and modify portfolio maturities without incurring the cost associated with such transactions.

The Funds may, following the purchase of a call option, liquidate their position by effecting a closing sale transaction. This is accomplished by selling an option of the same series as the option previously purchased. The Funds will realize a profit from a closing sale transaction if the price received on the transaction is more than the premium paid to purchase the original call option; the Funds will realize a loss from a closing sale transaction if the price received on the transaction is less than the premium paid to purchase the original call option.

Although the Funds will generally purchase only those call options for which there appears to be an active secondary market, there is no assurance that a liquid secondary market on an exchange will exist for any particular option, or at any particular time, and for some options no secondary market on an exchange may exist. In such event, it may not be possible to effect closing transactions in particular options, with the result that the Funds would have to exercise their options in order to realize any profit and would incur brokerage commissions upon the exercise of such options and upon the subsequent disposition of the underlying securities acquired through the exercise of such options. Further, unless the price of the underlying security changes sufficiently, a call option purchased by the Funds may expire without any value to the Funds, in which event the Funds would realize a capital loss which will be short-term unless the option was held for more than one year.

d. Purchasing Put Options

Each Fund may invest up to 10% of its total assets in the purchase of put options. Each Fund will, at all times during which it holds a put option, own the security covered by such option. The purchase of the put option on substantially identical securities held will constitute a short sale for tax purposes, the effect of which is to create a short-term capital gain on the sale of the security and to suspend running of its holding period (and treat it as commencing on the date of the closing of the short sale) or that of a security acquired to cover the same if at the time the put was acquired, the security had not been held for more than one year.

A put option purchased by a Fund gives it the right to sell one of its securities for an agreed price up to an agreed date. Each Fund may purchase put options (i) in order to protect against a decline in the market value of the underlying security below the exercise price less the premium paid for the option (“protective puts”); and (ii) for other reasons. A Fund may sell a put option that it had previously purchased prior to the sale of the securities underlying such option. Such sale will result in a net gain or loss depending on whether the amount received on the sale is more or less than the premium and other transaction costs paid on the put option which is sold.

The Funds may sell a put option purchased on individual portfolio securities. Additionally, the Funds may enter into closing sale transactions. A closing sale transaction is one in which a Fund, when it is the holder of an outstanding option, liquidates its position by selling an option of the same series as the option previously purchased.

 

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14. Swaps

The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund may enter into various swap agreements, including (but not limited to) credit default, interest rate, total return, index and currency exchange rate swap agreements. These transactions attempt to obtain a particular return when it is considered desirable to do so, possibly at a lower cost to the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund than if it had invested directly in an instrument that yielded that desired return. Swap agreements are two-party contracts entered into primarily by institutional investors for periods ranging from a few weeks to more than one year. In a standard “swap” transaction, two parties agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or instruments, which may be adjusted for an interest factor. The gross returns to be exchanged or “swapped” between the parties are generally calculated with respect to a “notional amount,” i.e., the return on or increase in value of a particular dollar amount invested at a particular interest rate, in a particular foreign currency, or in a “basket” of securities representing a particular index. Forms of swap agreements include interest rate caps, under which, in return for a premium, one party agrees to make payments to the other to the extent that interest rates exceed a specified rate, or “cap”; interest rate floors, under which, in return for a premium, one party agrees to make payments to the other to the extent that interest rates fall below a specified rate, or “floor”; and interest rate collars, under which a party sells a cap and purchases a floor or vice versa in an attempt to protect itself against interest rate movements exceeding given minimum or maximum levels. Interest rate swaps can also effectively swap exposure to a fixed interest rate for exposure to a floating interest rate, or the reverse of that.

Most swap agreements entered into by the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will calculate the obligations of the parties to the agreement on a “net basis.” Consequently, the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s current obligations (or rights) under a swap agreement will generally be equal only to the net amount to be paid or received under the agreement based on the relative values of the positions held by each party to the agreement (the “net amount”). The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s current obligations under a swap agreement will be accrued daily (offset against any amounts owing to the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund) and any accrued but unpaid net amounts owed to a swap counterparty will be covered by the maintenance of a designated account consisting of assets determined to be liquid by Matthews in accordance with procedures established by the Board of Trustees, to avoid any potential leveraging of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s portfolio. Obligations under swap agreements so covered will not be construed to be “senior securities” for purposes of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s investment restriction concerning senior securities, based on current interpretive guidance from the staff of the SEC. That guidance could change at some point in response to a Concept Release from the SEC staff that became publicly available on August 31, 2011. Swap agreements are subject to the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s overall limit that no more than 15% of net assets may be invested in illiquid securities, although a swap agreement may be deemed to be liquid pursuant to policies approved by the Board of Trustees. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will not enter into a swap agreement with any single party if the net amount owed or to be received under existing contracts with that party would exceed 5% of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s assets at time of purchase. The limits on the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s investment in futures contracts as described in item 11 above may also have the effect of limiting the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s investment in certain swap agreements. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund do not currently write any credit default swaps.

Whether the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s use of swap agreements will be successful in furthering its investment objectives will depend on Matthews’ ability to predict correctly whether certain types of investments are likely to produce greater returns than other investments. Because they are two party contracts and because they may have terms of greater than seven days, swap agreements may be considered to be illiquid. Whether a particular swap is liquid is assessed on a case by case basis under guidelines and standards established by the Board of Trustees. Moreover, the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap agreement counterparty. The Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will enter into swap agreements only with counterparties that meet certain standards of creditworthiness (generally, such counterparties would have to be eligible counterparties under the terms of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s repurchase agreement guidelines). Certain restrictions imposed on the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund by the Code may limit the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s ability to use swap agreements. It is possible that developments in the swaps market, including potential government regulation, could adversely affect the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s ability to terminate existing swap agreements or to realize amounts to be received under such agreements. There can be no assurance that the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund’s or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund’s use of swap agreements will assist it in meeting its investment objectives.

 

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15. Real Estate Investment Trusts

Certain of the Funds may make debt or equity investments in real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), which are pooled investment vehicles that invest primarily in income-producing real estate or real estate related loans or interests (such as mortgages). The real estate properties in which REITs invest typically include properties such as office buildings, retail and industrial facilities, hotels, apartment buildings and healthcare facilities. The yields available from equity investments in REITs depend on the amount of income and capital appreciation generated by the related properties. Investments in REITs are subject to the risks associated with real estate investments generally, including economic downturns that have an adverse effect on real estate markets. A REIT may be affected by changes in the value of the underlying property owned by such REIT or by the quality of any credit extended by the REIT. Like regulated investment companies, REITs are not taxed on income distributed to shareholders provided they comply with several requirements of the Code. The affairs of REITs are managed by the REIT’s sponsor and, as such, the performance of the REIT is dependent on the management skills of the REIT’s sponsor. REITs are not diversified (except to the extent the Code requires), and are subject to the risks of financing projects. REITs are also subject to interest rate risks. If a Fund makes an equity investment in a REIT, a Fund will indirectly bear its proportionate share of any expenses paid by the REIT in addition to the expenses of the Fund. REITs are subject to the risk of default by borrowers, self-liquidation, and the possibility that the REIT may fail to qualify for the exemption from tax for distributed income under the Code.

16. China A Shares

China A Shares are securities of domestic Chinese companies that trade on Chinese markets (the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange) and are denominated in the renminbi, the currency of China. Non-Chinese investors are permitted to purchase and sell China A Shares as a Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor (“QFII”) or through China’s Stock Connect Programs (as defined below). The Funds purchase and sell China A Shares using both methods.

a. Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor Quota

Matthews has applied for and received a license from the China Securities Regulatory Commission as a QFII and has been allocated by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) of China a quota (the “QFII Quota”), which represents the initial amount that Matthews may invest in China A Shares on behalf of clients whose portfolios it manages, including for this purpose any series, sub-fund, sleeve, or other sub-account of such client (each an “A Share Investor”). Matthews has, and may periodically request increases in its quota. To date SAFE has granted Matthews’ requests for quota increases, but there is no assurance that SAFE will continue to do so. Once the QFII Quota available as of any relevant time has been invested, there can be no assurance that any additional QFII quota will become available. Access to the quota, will be subject to Matthews’ Trade Allocation Procedures and Access Allocation Procedures. The quota amount may be reduced or revoked by the Chinese government at any time, including if redemptions reduce the amount invested in China A Shares by Matthews below the current quota amount.

Matthews may also invest its QFII Quota through the Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (the “A Share Fund”). Matthews, together with the A Share Fund and other investment vehicles managed by Matthews, has applied for, and has received, an exemptive order issued by the SEC, which allows each Fund’s Portfolio Manager(s), subject to the Fund’s investment objective and policies, to gain investment exposure to the China A Shares, by investing in the A Share Fund. Currently, the Matthews China Fund and the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund are the only Funds investing in the A Share Fund.

The A Share Fund is a recently formed Delaware series limited liability company managed by Matthews and is registered as an open-end management investment company under the 1940 Act. The A Share Fund, or any of its series, is not a mutual fund. The limited liability company interests of the A Share Fund (the “Interests”) will not be registered under the 1933 Act and will be offered in private placement transactions solely to clients of Matthews, including the Funds as well as other registered and unregistered investment vehicles and separate accounts managed by Matthews (each such client, an “Investing Fund,” and collectively, the “Investing Funds”). The Interests will be issued in series (each, a “Series,” and collectively, the “Series”); each Series will have its own debts, liabilities, obligations and expenses, which will not be enforceable against any other Series; and each Investing Fund will exclusively own all of the Interests offered by a particular Series. The A Share Fund commenced operations on or about July 31, 2014.

For purposes of applying the Funds’ policies as described below under “Funds’ Policies,” the limitations will be typically applied to any Fund that invests in China A Shares through a Series of the A Share Fund on a combined look-through basis, disregarding the A Share Fund.

 

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Except for temporary holdings of cash and cash equivalents, the A Share Fund will invest exclusively in China A Shares. Each Series will hold a set of China A Shares tailored to the Investing Fund’s investment program and investment style, although the set of China A Shares held by a Series may be similar or identical to that held by another Series. Investments in the Series, and thus access to the QFII Quota, will be subject to Matthews’ Trade Allocation Procedures and Access Allocation Procedures, each as defined and described in the A Share Fund’s Registration Statement filed with the SEC. The quota amount may be reduced or revoked by the Chinese government at any time, including if redemptions reduce the amount invested in China A Shares by the A Share Fund below the current quota amount. Under recently revised SAFE regulations, the Interests may be redeemed, and redemption proceeds may be repatriated, once each week (although the regulations do not currently require the repatriation to take place on the same day each week); prior to this change, repatriations were only permitted on a monthly basis. Because this change was announced recently, the requirements and details of the implementation of weekly repatriations remain unclear. Moreover, Chinese regulations may change in the future to reinstitute a monthly repatriation limitation. Because of the repatriation limitation, a Fund’s investment in a Series of the A Share Fund will be illiquid and subject to the Fund’s policy of investing no more than 15% of its net assets in illiquid securities.

Investments in China A Shares are subject to various risks, including the risks associated with investing in China described above and in the Prospectus. In particular, the mainland Chinese exchanges have lower trading volumes, the market capitalizations of companies listed on these exchanges are generally smaller, the securities listed on these exchanges are less liquid and may experience materially greater volatility, and government supervision and regulation of the Chinese securities market are less developed. The Chinese government continues to exercise significant control over China’s economy, and any changes to existing policies and new reform-oriented policies and measures, which are often unprecedented or experimental, could negatively impact the investments in China A Shares. The Chinese government has implemented, and may implement in the future, various measures to control inflation, which if unsuccessful, may negatively impact the Chinese economy. The Chinese legal system is still developing, and laws, regulations, including those allowing QFIIs to invest in China A Shares, government policies and political and economic climate in China may change with little or no advance notice. Any such change could adversely affect market conditions. The QFII rules provide the CSRC and SAFE wide discretion to interpret them, leaving a considerable amount of uncertainty. The tax law and regulations of China are constantly changing, sometimes with retroactive effect, and the interpretation and application thereof are not as consistent and transparent as in more developed nations and may vary from region to region within China. There has been, and continues to be, uncertainty over taxation for QFIIs, and any taxes imposed on the earnings of investments in China A Shares will reduce their overall returns. Some Chinese companies may have less established shareholder governance and disclosure standards. Accounting, auditing, financial and other reporting standards, practices and disclosure requirements applicable to Chinese companies are different, sometimes in fundamental ways, from those applicable to companies in the U.S. and other developed markets.

b. Stock Connect Programs

A Fund may have access to certain China A Shares via Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect (“Shanghai Stock Connect”) or Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect (“Shenzhen Stock Connect,” and collectively the “Stock Connect Programs”). The Stock Connect Programs are securities trading and clearing linked programs developed by Shanghai Stock Exchange (“SSE”), Shenzhen Stock Exchange (“SZSE”), Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (“HKEx”), and China Securities Depository and Clearing Corporation Limited (“ChinaClear”), with an aim to achieve mutual stock market access between mainland China and Hong Kong. Currently Shanghai Stock Connect is operational, but Shenzhen Stock Connect is expected to become operational in 2015 or 2016.

Currently, Shanghai Stock Connect comprises a Northbound Trading Link and a Southbound Trading Link. Hong Kong and overseas investors, through their Hong Kong brokers and a securities trading service company established by the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (“SEHK”), are able to place orders to trade eligible shares listed on SSE (the “SSE Securities”) by routing orders to SSE. When it becomes operational, Shenzhen Stock Connect is expected to operate in the same manner, and Hong Kong and overseas investors are expected to be able to trade eligible shares listed on the SZSE (the “SZSE Securities”).

Under Shanghai Stock Connect, overseas investors, such as the Funds, may be allowed, subject to rules and regulations issued/amended from time to time, to trade SSE Securities through the Northbound Trading Link. Initially, the eligible SSE Securities under Stock Connect include all the constituent stocks from time to time of the SSE 180 Index and SSE 380 Index, and all the SSE-listed China A Shares that are not included as constituent stocks of the relevant indices but which have corresponding H-Shares listed on SEHK, except (i) those SSE-listed shares which are not traded in RMB and (ii) those SSE-listed shares which are included in the “risk alert board”. The securities that will compose the SZSE Securities are not yet known, but are expected to represent, like the SSE Securities, a subset of all securities listed on SZSE. The list of eligible securities may be changed subject to the review and approval by the relevant Chinese regulators from time to time.

 

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Hong Kong and overseas investors may only trade and settle SSE Securities in RMB.

Further information about Shanghai Stock Connect is available online at the website:

http://www.hkex.com.hk/eng/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/chinaconnect.htm.

i. Quota Limitations Risk

Shanghai Stock Connect is, and Shenzhen Stock Connect is expected to be, subject to both a daily quota and an “aggregate” quota measuring total purchases and sales of securities via the two Stock Connect Programs. Buy orders and sell orders offset each other for purposes of the quota. If either the daily or aggregate quota is exceeded, further buy orders will be rejected, either until the next trading day (in the case of the daily quota) or until the next trading day when sufficient aggregate quota is available. These quotas are not particular to either the Funds or Matthews; instead, they apply to all market participants generally. Thus, Matthews will not be able to control the use or availability of the quota. If Matthews is unable to purchase additional SSE Securities or SZSE Securities, it may affect Matthews’ ability to implement the Funds’ respective investment strategies.

ii. Suspension Risk

SEHK, SSE and SZSE reserve the right to suspend trading if necessary for ensuring an orderly and fair market and for managing risks prudently, which could adversely affect the relevant Funds’ ability to access the mainland China market.

iii. Differences in Trading Day

The Stock Connect Programs only operate on days when both the mainland China and Hong Kong markets are open for trading and when banks in both markets are open on the corresponding settlement days. It is possible that there are occasions when it is a normal trading day for the mainland China market but Hong Kong and overseas investors cannot carry out any China A Share trading because it is not a day on which the Hong Kong market is open for trading. The Funds may be subject to a risk of price fluctuations in China A Shares during the time when the Stock Connect programs are not trading as a result.

iv. Clearing and Settlement and Custody Risks

The Hong Kong Securities Clearing Company Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of HKEx (“HKSCC”), and ChinaClear are responsible for establishing the clearing links for both Shanghai Stock Connect and Shenzhen Stock Connect, and each of HKSCC and ChinaClear is a participant of the other to facilitate clearing and settlement of cross-boundary trades. As the national central counterparty of China’s securities market, ChinaClear operates a comprehensive network of clearing, settlement and stock holding infrastructure. ChinaClear has established a risk management framework and measures that are approved and supervised by the CSRC. The possibility of ChinaClear defaulting is considered to be remote.

Should the remote event of a ChinaClear default occur and ChinaClear be declared as a defaulter, HKSCC will, in good faith, seek recovery of the outstanding stocks and monies from ChinaClear through available legal channels or through ChinaClear’s liquidation. In that event, the relevant Fund(s) may suffer delay in the recovery process or may not be able to fully recover its losses from ChinaClear.

The China A Shares trade through the Stock Connect Programs in scripless form. As such, Hong Kong and overseas investors, such as the Funds, will not hold any physical China A Shares acquired through the Northbound Trading Link and should maintain their SSE Securities and SZSE Securities with their brokers’ or custodians’ stock accounts with the Central Clearing and Settlement System operated by HKSCC for clearing securities listed or traded on SEHK (the “Central Clearing System”).

v. Operational Risk

The Stock Connect Programs provide a new channel for investors from Hong Kong and overseas to access the China stock market directly.

The Stock Connect Programs are premised on the functioning of the operational systems of the relevant market participants. Market participants are able to participate in the programs subject to meeting certain information technology capability, risk management and other requirements as may be specified by the relevant exchange and/or clearing house.

It should be appreciated that the securities regimes and legal systems of the China and Hong Kong markets differ significantly and in order for the Stock Connect Programs to operate, market participants may need to address issues arising from the differences on an on-going basis.

 

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Further, the “connectivity” in the Stock Connect Programs require routing orders across the border. This requires the development of new information technology systems on the part of the SEHK and exchange participants (e.g., the new order routing system to be set up by SEHK to which exchange participants need to connect). There is no assurance that the systems of the SEHK and market participants will function properly or will continue to be adapted to changes and developments in both markets. In the event that the relevant systems failed to function properly, trading in both markets through the Stock Connect Programs could be disrupted. The Funds’ ability to access the China A Share market (and hence to pursue their investment strategy) will be adversely affected.

vi. Recalling Risk and Trading Restrictions

A stock may be recalled from the scope of eligible SSE Securities or SZSE Securities for trading via the Stock Connect Programs for various reasons, and in such event, the stock can only be sold but will be restricted from being bought. Matthews’ ability to implement the Funds’ investment strategies may be adversely affected.

vii. Nominee Arrangements in Holding China A Shares

HKSCC is the “nominee holder” of the SSE Securities acquired by overseas investors, such as the relevant Funds, through Shanghai Stock Connect. The CSRC’s rules for the Stock Connect Programs expressly provided that investors enjoy the rights and benefits of the SSE Securities acquired through Shanghai Stock Connect in accordance with applicable laws (and are expected to make the same statement regarding SZSE Securities). However, the courts in China may find that a nominee or custodian, as the registered holder of the SSE Securities or SZSE Securities, has full ownership thereof. Even if the concept of beneficial owner is recognized under Chinese law, a Chinese court may find that those SSE Securities or SZSE Securities form part of the pool of assets of such nominee or custodian available for distribution to creditors of such nominee or custodian and/or that a beneficial owner has no rights whatsoever in respect thereof. Consequently, the Funds cannot ensure that the Funds’ ownership of SSE Securities or SZSE Securities, or title thereto is assured in all circumstances.

Under the rules of the Central Clearing System, HKSCC as nominee holder shall have no obligation to take any legal action or court proceeding to enforce any rights on behalf of the investors in respect of the SSE Securities in China or elsewhere. Therefore, although the relevant Funds’ ownership may be ultimately recognized, these Funds may suffer difficulties or delays in enforcing their rights in China A Shares.

To the extent that HKSCC is deemed to be performing safekeeping functions with respect to assets held through it, it should be noted that the Funds, or anyone acting on behalf of the Funds, will have no legal relationship with HKSCC and no direct legal recourse against HKSCC in the event that a Fund suffers losses resulting from the performance or insolvency of HKSCC.

viii. Investor Compensation

Investments of a Fund through the Northbound Trading Link under Shanghai Stock Connect will not be covered by Hong Kong’s Investor Compensation Fund, which was established to pay compensation to investors of any nationality who suffer pecuniary losses as a result of default of a licensed intermediary or authorized financial institution in relation to exchange-traded products in Hong Kong, because such investments do not involve products listed or traded in SEHK or Hong Kong Futures Exchange Limited. On the other hand, because such investments are carried out through securities brokers in Hong Kong and not mainland Chinese brokers, they are also not protected by the China Securities Investor Protection Fund in China.

ix. Trading Costs

In addition to paying trading fees and stamp duties in connection with China A Share trading, the Funds may be subject to new portfolio fees, dividend tax and tax concerned with income arising from stock transfers under Shanghai Stock Connect, which are yet to be determined by the relevant authorities.

x. Currency Risk

The price of RMB may fluctuate. If a Fund holds a class of shares denominated in a local currency other than RMB, that Fund will be exposed to currency risk if the Fund needs to convert the local currency into RMB for investments in China A Shares via the Stock Connect Programs. Such Fund will also incur conversion costs.

xi. Local Market Rules, Foreign Shareholding Restrictions and Disclosure Obligations

Under the Stock Connect Programs, China listed companies and trading of China A Shares are subject to market rules and disclosure requirements in the China stock market. Any changes in laws, regulations and policies of the China A Shares market or rules in relation to the Stock Connect Programs may affect share prices. There are also foreign shareholding restrictions and disclosure obligations that are applicable to China A Shares acquired via the Stock Connect Programs.

 

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The Funds will be subject to restrictions on trading (including a restriction on retention of proceeds) in China A Shares as a result of its interest in the China A Shares. The Funds are solely responsible for compliance with all notifications, reports and relevant requirements in connection with their interests in China A Shares.

Under the current mainland China rules, once an investor holds more than 5% of the shares of a company listed on the SSE or SZSE, the investor is required to disclose its interest within three working days during which time it cannot trade the shares of that company. The investor is also required to disclose any change in its shareholding and comply with related trading restrictions in accordance with the mainland China rules. According to existing mainland China practices, a Fund, as a beneficial owner of China A Shares traded via Shanghai Stock Connect, cannot appoint proxies to attend shareholders’ meetings on its behalf.

xii. Regulatory Risk

The CSRC’s rules for the Stock Connect Programs are departmental regulations having legal effect in China. However, the application of such rules is untested, and there is no assurance that Chinese courts will recognize such rules, such as in liquidation proceedings of Chinese companies.

The Stock Connect Programs are novel in nature and are subject to regulations promulgated by regulatory authorities and to implementation rules made by the stock exchanges in mainland China and Hong Kong. Further, new regulations may be promulgated from time to time by the regulators in connection with operations and cross-border legal enforcement in connection with cross-border trades under the Stock Connect Programs.

The regulations are untested so far and there is no certainty as to how they will be applied. Moreover, the current regulations are subject to change. There can be no assurance that the Stock Connect Programs will not be abolished. The Funds that invest in mainland China markets through the Stock Connect Programs may be adversely affected as a result of such changes.

18. Responsible Investing (a principal investment strategy for the Matthews Asia ESG Fund)

In addition to traditional financial data, the Matthews Asia ESG Fund takes into consideration ESG factors that the portfolio managers believe help identify companies with superior business model.

There are no universally agreed upon objective standards for assessing ESG factors for companies. Rather, these factors tend to have many subjective characteristics, can be difficult to analyze, and frequently involve a balancing of a company’s business plans, objectives, actual conduct and other factors. ESG factors can vary over different periods and can evolve over time. They may also be difficult to apply consistently across regions, countries, industries or sectors. For these reasons, ESG standards may be aspirational and tend to be stated broadly and applied flexibly. Examples of environmental factors that may be considered include, without limitation, low environmental footprint, pollution alleviation, and resource management. Examples of social factors that may be considered include, without limitation, financial inclusion, affordable products and services, workplace diversity and employee welfare. Examples of governance factors that may be considered include, without limitation, board independence, stated sustainability policy, and alignment of interests of shareholders and management.

Businesses that meet one of more of the Matthews Asia ESG Fund’s ESG standards are generally businesses that currently engage in practices that have the effect of, or in the opinion of Matthews, have the potential of making human or business activity less destructive to the environment or businesses that promote positive social and economic developments. Matthews believes that such companies can have cost advantages, quality improvements and improved profitability as a result of their ESG business practices. Such companies may also gain increased consumer and employee loyalty as a result of growing preferences for environmentally and socially sustainable practices and may be less likely to be involved in lawsuits or governmental actions for regulatory violations. There can be no guarantee that a company that Matthews believes meets one or more of the Matthews Asia ESG Fund’s ESG standards will actually conduct its affairs in a manner that is less destructive to the environment, or that promotes positive social and economic developments.

Matthews uses strategic engagement and shareholder advocacy to encourage positive changes in ESG matters at its portfolio companies. For example, Matthews may engage in active dialogues with company management regarding ESG matters. Matthews will encourage better ESG disclosures, through such active dialogues, shareholder proposals or other means. Matthews will also be able to express its views on ESG issues through proxy voting at shareholder meetings of its portfolio companies.

 

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Funds’ Policies

The policies set forth below are fundamental and may not be changed as to a Fund without the approval of a majority of the outstanding voting securities (as defined in the 1940 Act) of that Fund. A majority of the outstanding voting securities of a Fund means the lesser of (a) 67% or more of the voting securities present at a meeting of shareholders, if the holders of more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities of a Fund are present or represented by proxy, or (b) more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities of a Fund. Unless otherwise indicated, all percentage limitations listed below apply to the Funds and apply only at the time of the transaction. Accordingly, if a percentage restriction is adhered to at the time an investment is made, a later increase or decrease in the percentage which results from a relative change in values or from a change in a Fund’s total assets will not be considered a violation.

Except as otherwise set forth herein and in the Prospectus, each Fund may not:

1. Issue senior securities;

2. Borrow money, except that each Fund may borrow from banks and enter into reverse repurchase agreements for temporary purposes in amounts up to one-third of the value of its total assets at the time of such borrowing; or mortgage, pledge, or hypothecate any assets, except in connection with any such borrowing and in amounts not in excess of the lesser of the dollar amounts borrowed or 10% of the value of the total assets of the Fund at the time of its borrowing. All borrowing will be done from a bank and asset coverage of at least 300% is required. A Fund will not purchase securities when borrowings exceed 5% of the Fund’s total net assets;

3. Act as an underwriter of securities, except that, in connection with the disposition of a security, a Fund may be deemed to be an “underwriter” as that term is defined in the 1933 Act;

4. Purchase the securities of issuers conducting their principal business activities in the same industry (other than obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities) if immediately after such purchase the value of a Fund’s investments in such industry would exceed 25% of the value of the total assets of the Fund. This policy does not apply to Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund, which concentrates its investments in the science and technology industries. With respect to a Fund that invests in China A Shares through a Series of the A Share Fund, this policy will be applied on a combined look-through basis by aggregating the Fund’s holdings with the corresponding Series’ holdings;

5. Purchase or sell real estate, real estate limited partnership interests, interests in oil, gas and/or mineral exploration or development programs or leases. This restriction shall not prevent the Funds from investing directly or indirectly in portfolio instruments secured by real estate or interests therein or acquiring securities of real estate investment trusts or other issuers that deal in real estate;

6. Make loans, except that this restriction shall not prohibit (a) the purchase and holding of debt instruments in accordance with a Fund’s investment objectives and policies, (b) the lending of portfolio securities, or (c) entry into repurchase agreements with banks or broker-dealers;

7. Change its diversification status under the 1940 Act;

8. Purchase or sell commodities or commodity contracts, except that a Fund may purchase or sell currencies, may enter into futures contracts on securities, currencies, or on indexes of such securities or currencies, or any other financial instruments, and may purchase or sell options on such futures contracts;

9. Make investments in securities for the purpose of exercising control;

10. Purchase the securities of any one issuer if, immediately after such purchase, the Fund would own more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer. This policy does not apply to the Matthews Asia Small Companies, Matthews China Small Companies Funds or Matthews Emerging Asia Fund; or

11. Invest more than 5% of its total assets in securities of companies less than three years old. Such three-year period shall include the operation of any predecessor company or companies. This policy does not apply to the Matthews Asia Value Fund, Matthews Asia Dividend, Matthews China Dividend, Matthews Emerging Asia, Matthews India, Matthews Asia Small Companies, Matthews China Small Companies, Matthews Asia Strategic Income or Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Funds.

 

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Temporary Defensive Position

To the extent practicable and in light of economic and market conditions and a Fund’s cash needs, Matthews intends to be fully invested in the markets appropriate to each Fund’s investment objectives. When, in the opinion of Matthews, a temporary defensive position is warranted, the Funds are permitted to hold cash or invest temporarily and without limitation in U.S. government securities or money market instruments backed by U.S. government securities. The Funds’ investment objectives may not be achieved at such times when a temporary defensive position is taken.

Portfolio Turnover

Matthews buys and sells securities for the Funds whenever it believes it is appropriate to do so. The rate of portfolio turnover will not be a limiting factor in making portfolio decisions. It is currently estimated that under normal market conditions the annual portfolio turnover rate for the Funds will not exceed 100%. High portfolio turnover rates will generally result in higher transaction costs to a Fund and also may result in a higher level of taxable gain for a shareholder. Portfolio turnover for the most recent fiscal periods of the Funds are set forth in the “FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS” tables in the Prospectus. Portfolio turnover rates may vary greatly from year to year as well as within a particular year.

Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

In accordance with the Funds’ policies and procedures (the “Policies”), the Funds’ transfer agent, BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc. (“BNY Mellon”), is responsible for dissemination of information about the Funds’ portfolio holdings. The Funds, together with BNY Mellon and Matthews (the “Service Providers”), may disclose information concerning securities held in the Funds’ portfolios only under the following circumstances:

(i) Following the end of each fiscal quarter (generally within 60 days), each Fund’s full portfolio holdings will be made publicly available by the following means:

a. The Funds shall send shareholders portfolio holdings in the Funds’ annual and semi-annual reports, which are mailed to shareholders and posted on the Funds’ website.

b. BNY Mellon shall send portfolio holdings to nationally recognized rating agencies via electronic transmission.

(ii) The Funds will also release top ten holdings on a monthly basis via the Funds’ website and written communication within approximately 21 days of each month end;

(iii) Neither the Funds nor the Service Providers will disclose the Funds’ portfolio security holdings in advance of general release and without delay except to the Funds’ custodian bank, independent public accountant, independent legal counsel, proxy voting agent, financial printers, technical writers who assist with the preparation of disclosure materials, technology service providers and pricing service providers. The Funds also disclose their portfolio security holdings to third parties in connection with their on-going efforts to analyze their trading activity, and in connection with their periodic reviews of the performance of existing fund agents and advisors or the retention of new agents and advisors. In addition, the Funds may make such disclosure on a confidential basis to selected third parties when the Funds have a legitimate business purpose for doing so. Examples of legitimate business purposes in which selective disclosure of the Funds’ portfolio securities may be appropriate include disclosure for due diligence purposes to an investment advisor that is in merger or acquisition talks with Matthews; disclosure to a newly hired investment advisor or sub-advisor prior to its commencing its duties; and disclosure to a rating or ranking organization. Currently the Funds have no such disclosure arrangements in place.

As required by the federal securities laws, including the 1940 Act, the Funds will disclose their portfolio holdings in their applicable regulatory filings, including shareholder reports, reports on Form N-Q, Form N-CSR or such other filings, reports or disclosure documents as the applicable regulatory authorities may require.

In accordance with the Policies, third parties are required to keep confidential any information disclosed to them in accordance with the foregoing and no compensation may be received by the Funds, a Service Provider or any affiliate in connection with disclosure of such information. The Board of Trustees will oversee disclosure under the foregoing Policies by approval in advance of disclosures for legitimate business purposes and by regular review of reports on disclosures of the Funds’ portfolio holdings.

 

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The Policies may not be waived, or exception made, without the consent of the Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”) of the Funds. The CCO may not waive or make exception to the Policies unless such waiver or exception is consistent with the intent of the Policies, which is to ensure that disclosure of portfolio information is in the best interest of Fund shareholders. In determining whether to permit a waiver of or exception to the Policies, the CCO will consider whether the proposed disclosure serves a legitimate purpose of the Funds, whether it could provide the recipient with an advantage over Fund shareholders or whether the proposed disclosure gives rise to a conflict of interest between the Funds’ shareholders and Matthews or the Funds’ principal underwriter or other affiliated person. The CCO will report all waivers of or exceptions to the Policies to the Board at its next meeting. The Board may impose additional restrictions on the disclosure of portfolio holdings information at any time.

The Policies are designed to provide useful information concerning the Funds to existing and prospective Fund shareholders while at the same time inhibiting the improper use of portfolio holdings information in trading Fund shares and/or portfolio securities held by the Funds. However, there can be no assurance that the provisions of any portfolio holdings information is not susceptible to inappropriate uses (such as the development of “market timing” models), particularly in the hands of highly sophisticated investors, or that it will not in fact be used in such ways beyond the control of the Funds.

 

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Management of the Funds

Board Leadership Structure and Risk Oversight.

The operations of the Funds are under the direction of the Board of Trustees. The Board establishes the Funds’ policies and oversees and reviews the management of the Funds. The Board meets regularly (i.e., at least quarterly) to review the investment performance of the Funds and other financial and operational matters, including policies and procedures with respect to compliance with regulatory and other requirements, as well as to review the activities of the Trust’s officers, who are responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Funds. The Board met [    ] times during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

The Board consists of eight Trustees, six of whom are not “interested persons” (as defined in the 1940 Act) of the Trust (the “Independent Trustees”) and two of whom are “interested persons” of the Trust (the “Interested Trustees”). An Independent Trustee serves as Chairman of the Board. In addition, each of the three standing committees of the Board, to which the Board has delegated certain authority and supervisory responsibilities, is comprised exclusively of Independent Trustees. Those committees are the Audit Committee, the Nominating and Compensation Committee and the Compliance Committee, whose responsibilities and activities are described below. As part of each regular Board meeting, the Independent Trustees meet separately from Matthews with their independent legal counsel and with the Trust’s CCO. The Board reviews its leadership structure periodically as part of its annual self-assessment process and believes that its structure is appropriate to enable the Board to exercise its oversight of the Funds.

The Funds have retained Matthews as the Funds’ investment adviser. Subject to the objectives and policies as the Board may determine, Matthews furnishes a continuing investment program for the Funds, makes investment decisions on their behalf, manages risks that arise from the Funds’ investments and operations, and provides administrative services to each Fund, all pursuant and subject to its investment advisory agreement, dated August 13, 2004, most recently amended effective November 30, 2015, with the Trust, on behalf of the Funds (as amended from time to time, the “Advisory Agreement”). Employees of Matthews serve as the Trust’s officers, including the Trust’s President, Treasurer and CCO.

The Board oversees the services provided by Matthews, including certain risk management functions. Risk management is a broad concept that can cover many elements. The Board handles its review of different elements and types of risks in different ways. In the course of providing oversight, the Board and the Committees receive reports on the Funds’ activities, including regarding each Fund’s investment portfolio and the Funds’ financial accounting and reporting. The Board also meets periodically with the Trust’s CCO who reports on the compliance of the Funds with the federal securities laws and the Trust’s internal compliance policies and procedures. The CCO reports to the Board the CCO’s assessment of various compliance, legal and regulatory risks, as well as actions taken to address those risks where appropriate. The Audit Committee’s meetings with the Funds’ independent auditors also contribute to its oversight of certain internal control risks. In addition, the Board meets periodically with the Portfolio Managers of the Funds to receive reports regarding the management of the Funds, including certain investment and operational risks. Because the Board has delegated the day-to-day activities of the Funds to Matthews and other service providers, the risk management oversight provided by the Board can mitigate but not eliminate the identified risks. Not all risks that may affect a Fund can be identified or processes and controls developed to eliminate or mitigate their occurrence or effects, and some risks are simply beyond any control of a Fund or Matthews, its affiliates or other service providers.

Trustees and Officers.

The Trustees and executive officers of the Funds, their years of birth, business addresses, principal occupations during the past five years and other directorships held are set forth below. The “Fund Complex” refers to the [eighteen] Funds comprising the Trust and the two Series comprising the A Share Fund. The address of each Trustee and executive officer of the Trust is Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 550, San Francisco, CA 94111.

 

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Name and Year of

Birth

  

Position(s)

Held with the

Trust

  

Term of

Office and

Length of

Time Served1

  

Principal Occupation(s)

During Past 5 Years

  

Number of
Portfolios
in Fund
Complex
Overseen
by
Trustee

  

Other Trusteeships/

Directorships

(number of

portfolios) Held by

Trustee During Past

5 Years

INDEPENDENT TRUSTEES

Jonathan F. Zeschin

Born 1953

   Trustee and Chairman of the Board   

Trustee

since 2007 and Chairman of the Board since 2014

   Partner (since 2009), Essential Investment Partners, LLC (investment advisory and wealth management); President (since 2000), Essential Advisers Inc. (financial holding company); Managing Partner (since 1998), JZ Partners LLC (consulting).    [20]    Director (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios); Trustee and Chairman of the Board, DCA Total Return Fund (2005–2011) (1 Portfolio) and DCW Total Return Fund (2007–2010) (1 Portfolio); Trustee (2002–2007), ICON Funds (17 Portfolios); Director (2002-2004), Wasatch Funds (10 Portfolios).

Gale K. Caruso

Born 1957

   Trustee    Since 2015    Formerly President and Chief Executive Officer (1999–2003), Zurich Kemper Life (life insurance and annuities); Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (1994–1999), Scudder Canada Investor Services, Ltd. (investment management); Managing Director (1986–1999), Scudder Kemper Investments, Inc. (investment management).    [20]    Director (since 2015), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios), Trustee (since 2006), Pacific Select Fund (58 Portfolios) and Pacific Funds Series Trust (33 Portfolios); Director (2005–2012), Make-A-Wish Foundation of Maine; Director (2005–2009), LandAmerica Financial Group, Inc.; Director (2001–2003), Make-A-Wish of Northern Illinois; former member of the Board of Directors, Illinois Life Insurance Council.

Christopher F. Lee

Born 1967

   Trustee    Since 2015    Lecturer (part-time) (since 2013), The Chinese University of Hong Kong; Private Investor and Partner (since 2012), FAA Investments (financial holding company); Managing Director, Asia Region, and Head of Global Markets Investment Products & db-X (2010–2012), Deutsche Bank AG (financial services); Managing Director, Equity Risk Management Products, and Head of Intermediary Business (2002–2010), UBS AG (financial services); Vice President, Global Markets & Investment Bank (2000–2002), Vice President, International Private Clients Group (1997–2000), Associate, Debt and Equity Markets Group (1995-1997), Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc. (brokerage and investment management).    [20]    Director (since 2015), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios), Director (since 2013), Asian Masters Fund (Australia) (1 Portfolio); Trustee (since 2013), African Wildlife Foundation; Trustee (since 2010), Oakland Museum of California.

 

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Richard K. Lyons

Born 1961

   Trustee    Since 2010    Dean (since 2008), Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley; Chief Learning Officer (2006–2008), Goldman Sachs (investment banking and investment management); Executive Associate Dean (2005–2006), Acting Dean (2004–2005), Professor (2000–2004), Associate Professor (1996–2000), Assistant Professor (1993–1996), Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley.    [20]    Director (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios); Trustee (2001–2006), Barclays Global Investor Funds and Master Investment Portfolios (15 Portfolios); Director (2000–2006), iShares, Inc. (24 Portfolios) and iShares Trust (over 70 Portfolios); Trustee (1994–2006) and Chairman of the Board (2000–2006), Matthews International Funds (9 Portfolios).

Rhoda Rossman

Born 1958

   Trustee    Since 2006    Vice President, Corporate Investment Officer (2007- 2010), Senior Vice President and Treasurer (2003-2007), The PMI Group, Inc. (mortgage insurer).    [20]    Director (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios).

Toshi Shibano

Born 1950

   Trustee    Since 2003    Faculty (since 2000), General Electric’s John F. Welch Leadership Center; President (since 1995), Strategic Value Creation, Inc. (executive development programs); Executive Education Lecturer (since 1995), Center for Executive Education, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley; Adjunct Professor (2000–2011), Columbia Graduate School of Business; Associate Professor (2001-2005), Thunderbird School of Global Management; Visiting Assistant Professor (2000), Stanford Graduate School of Business; Assistant Professor (1995-2000), University of Chicago Graduate School of Business; Assistant Professor (1988-1995), Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley.    [20]    Director (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios).

 

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INTERESTED TRUSTEES

William J. Hackett2

Born 1967

   Trustee and President    Trustee since 2015 and President since 2008    President (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (registered investment company); Director (since 2010), Matthews Global Investors S.à r.l. (Luxembourg) (investment management); Director (since 2010), Matthews Global Investors (Hong Kong) Limited (investment management); Chief Executive Officer (since 2009), President and Secretary (since 2007), Matthews (investment management); Partner (2002–2007), Deloitte & Touche, LLP (accounting).    [20]    Chairman (since 2010), Matthews Asia Funds SICAV (Luxembourg) (10 Portfolios); Director (since 2009), Matthews Asian Selections Funds, PLC (Ireland) (1 Portfolio).

G. Paul Matthews2

Born 1956

   Trustee    Since 2006    Director (since 1996) Chairman (1996-2009), Managing Member (1996-2016), Portfolio Manager (1996–2012), Chief Investment Officer (1991–2007), Matthews (investment management); President (1994–2007), Matthews International Funds (registered investment company).    [20]    Director (since 2013), Matthews A Share Selections Fund, LLC (2 Portfolios); Director (since 2004), Matthews Asian Selections Funds PLC (Ireland) (1 Portfolio); Trustee (2001–2004) and Trustee and Chairman of Board (1994–1998), Matthews International Funds (7 Portfolios).

 

1  Each Trustee serves for an indefinite term, until retirement age or until his/her successor is elected.
2  Messrs. Hackett and Matthews are deemed “interested persons” of the Trust as defined under the 1940 Act because of their ownership interests in Matthews and the leadership positions they hold with Matthews.

 

Name and Year of

Birth

  

Position(s) Held

with the Trust

  

Term of

Office and

Length of

Time Served

  

Principal Occupation(s) During Past 5 Years

OFFICERS WHO ARE NOT TRUSTEES1

Kenichi Amaki Born 1978    Vice President    Since 2015    Portfolio Manager (Since 2010), Research Analyst (2008-2010), Matthews (investment management).

Sunil Asnani

Born 1975

   Vice President    Since 2014    Portfolio Manager (Since 2010), Research Analyst (2008-2010), Matthews (investment management).
Mark W. Headley Born 1959    Vice President    Since 2009    Chairman (since 2009), Director (since 1996), Managing Member (1996-2016), Portfolio Manager (1996-2012), Chief Investment Officer (2007-2009), Chief Executive Officer or Co-Chief Executive Officer (2002-2009), President (1999-2007), Matthews (investment management); Vice President (since 2009, 1999-2007), President (2007-2008), Matthews International Funds (registered investment company); Director (2004-2008), Matthews Asian Selections Funds, PLC (Ireland) (investments).

 

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Robert Horrocks

Born 1968

   Vice President    Since 2009    Chief Investment Officer (since 2009), Director of Research (2008-2009), Matthews (investment management); Head of Research (2006-2008), Mirae Asset Management (investment management); Chief Investment Officer (2003-2006), Everbright Pramerica (investment management).

Tiffany Hsiao, CFA

Born 1979

   Vice President    Since 2015    Portfolio Manager (since 2015), Senior Research Analyst (2014), Matthews (investment management); Research Analyst (2007-2013), Goldman Sachs Investment Partners (investment management).

Taizo Ishida

Born 1957

   Vice President    Since 2009    Portfolio Manager (since 2006), Matthews (investment management); Vice President and Portfolio Manager (2000-2006), Wellington Management Company (investment management).

Teresa Kong, CFA

Born 1972

   Vice President    Since 2011    Portfolio Manager (since 2010), Matthews (investment management); Head of Emerging Market Investments (2006-2009), Barclays Global Investors (investment management).

Todd Lee

Born 1968

   Vice President    Since 2014    Vice President (since 2013), the A Share Fund (registered investment company); Senior Counsel (since 2011), Matthews (investment management); Senior Counsel (2007-2011), SVB Financial Group (banking).

Kenneth Lowe,

CFA

Born 1984

   Vice President    Since 2012    Portfolio Manager (since 2011), Research Analyst (2010-2011), Matthews (investment management); Investment Manager (2008-2010), Martin Currie Investment Management (investment management).

Shai Malka

Born 1973

   Treasurer    Since 2005    Treasurer (since 2013), the A Share Fund (registered investment company); Vice President of Fund Accounting and Operations (since 2010), Senior Manager of Fund Accounting and Operations (2004-2009), Matthews (investment management).

Andrew Mattock, CFA

Born 1975

   Vice President    Since 2015    Portfolio Manager (since 2015), Matthews (investment management); Fund Manager (2000-2015), Henderson Global Investors (investment management).

John P. McGowan

Born 1964

   Vice President and Secretary    Since 2005    Vice President and Secretary (since 2013), the A Share Fund (registered investment company); Director (since 2010), Matthews Asia Funds SICAV (Luxembourg) (investments); Director (since 2010), Matthews Global Investors S.à r.l. (Luxembourg) (investment management); Head of Fund Administration (since 2009), Chief Administrative Officer (2007–2008), Chief Operating Officer (2004–2007), Matthews (investment management); Director (since 2004), Matthews Asian Selections Funds, PLC (Ireland) (investments).

David Monroe

Born 1963

   Vice President    Since 2014    General Counsel (since 2015), Deputy General Counsel (2014), Matthews (investment management); Chief Legal Officer (2006-2013), Nikko Asset Management Co., Ltd. (investment management).

Michael J. Oh, CFA

Born 1976

   Vice President    Since 2009    Portfolio Manager (since 2006), Assistant Portfolio Manager (2003-2006), Matthews (investment management).

Timothy B. Parker

Born 1958

   Vice President    Since 2008    Director, International Strategy, Product and Operations (since 2015), General Counsel (2005-2014), Matthews (investment management); Vice President and Assistant Secretary (since 2013), the A Share Fund (registered investment company); Director (since 2013), Matthews Global Investors (UK) Ltd (investment management); Managing Member (since 2011), Matthews Global Investors (U.S.), LLC (investment management); Director and Conducting Officer (since 2010), Matthews Asia Funds SICAV (Luxembourg) (investments); Director (since 2010), Matthews Global Investors S.à r.l. (Luxembourg) (investment management); Director (since 2010), Matthews Global Investors (Hong Kong) Limited (investment management); Partner (2003–2005), Kirkpatrick & Lockhart Nicholson Graham LLP (law firm).

 

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Satya Patel

Born 1982

   Vice President    Since 2016    Portfolio Manager (since 2014), Research Analyst (2011-2014), Matthews (investment management).
Manoj K. Pombra Born 1964    Chief Compliance Officer and Anti-Money Laundering Officer    Since 2005    Chief Compliance Officer and Anti-Money Laundering Officer (since 2005), Matthews (investment management); Senior Manager, Mutual Fund Compliance/Manager Portfolio Compliance (2001-2005), Franklin Templeton Investments (investment management).
Jonathan Schuman Born 1971    Vice President    Since 2010    Head of Global Business Development (since 2010), Matthews (investment management); Managing Director (1999-2010), PineBridge Investments (investment management).
Sharat Shroff, CFA Born 1973    Vice President    Since 2009    Portfolio Manager (since 2006), Matthews (investment management).

Lydia So, CFA

Born 1978

   Vice President    Since 2009    Portfolio Manager (since 2008), Senior Research Analyst (2007), Research Analyst (2006-2007), Matthews (investment management).

Vivek Tanneeru

Born 1976

   Vice President    Since 2015    Portfolio Manager (since 2014), Research Analyst (2011-2014), Matthews (investment management).

James E. Walter, CFA

Born 1970

   Vice President    Since 2009    Head of Investment Operations (since 2014), Executive Vice President of Investment Operations (2009-2014), Matthews (investment management).
Frank Wheeler Born 1963    Vice President    Since 2014    Global Head of Distribution (since 2013), Matthews (investment management); Executive Vice President (2011-2013), Nuveen Investments (investment management); Head of Distribution (2007-2010), FAF Advisors, Inc. (investment management).

Yu Zhang

Born 1975

   Vice President    Since 2014    Portfolio Manager (since 2011), Research Analyst (2008 to 2011), Matthews (investment management).
Beini Zhou, CFA Born 1977    Vice President    Since 2015    Portfolio Manager (since 2014), Research Analyst (2013-2014), Matthews (investment management); Research Analyst (2005-2012), Artisan Partners.

 

1  Each officer serves at the pleasure of the Board of Trustees. Each officer is considered an “interested person” of the Trust as defined under the 1940 Act because of an ownership interest in Matthews and/or an office held with the Trust or Matthews.

In addition, each of Andrew McNally and Jack Jafolla serves as an Assistant Treasurer of the Trust.

Board Committees.

Currently, the Board has an Audit Committee, a Governance Committee, and a Compliance Committee. Each committee is composed solely of the Independent Trustees (currently, Messrs. Lee, Lyons, Shibano and Zeschin, and Mses. Caruso and Rossman). The Chairperson and functions of each committee are set forth below.

 

Audit Committee

Mr. Shibano, Chairperson

  

The Audit Committee has the responsibility, among other things, to (1) recommend the selection of the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm; (2) review and approve the scope of the independent registered public accounting firm’s audit activity; (3) review the financial statements which are the subject of the independent registered public accounting firm’s certifications; and (4) review with such independent registered public accounting firm the adequacy of the Funds’ basic accounting system and the effectiveness of the Funds’ internal accounting controls.

 

The Audit Committee met [    ] times during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

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Governance Committee

Ms. Caruso, Chairperson

  

The Governance Committee has the responsibility, among other things, to consider and nominate new Trustees to serve on the Board and to annually review and consider the compensation of the Board as well as the compensation of the CCO. The Nominating and Compensation Committee considers nominations from shareholders to the extent required by any applicable law, and any such shareholder recommendation must contain sufficient background information concerning the candidate to enable the Governance Committee to make a proper judgment as to the candidate’s qualifications.

 

The Governance Committee has not established specific, minimum qualifications that must be met by an individual for the Governance Committee to recommend that individual for nomination as a Trustee. In evaluating candidates for a position on the Board, the Governance Committee considers a variety of factors it deems appropriate. The Governance Committee evaluates any nominees recommended to the Board by shareholders in the same manner as it evaluates nominees identified by the Governance Committee. Because the Trust does not hold regular annual shareholder meetings, no formal procedures have been established with respect to shareholder submission of Trustee candidates for consideration by the Governance Committee.

 

The Governance Committee considers candidates from various sources, including, but not limited to, candidates recommended by Trustees, shareholders (if required by applicable law), and officers of the Trust, Matthews, and other service providers of the Trust. Although the Governance Committee does not have a formal policy with regard to consideration of diversity in identifying potential nominees, the Governance Committee may consider whether a potential nominee’s professional experience, education, skills, and other individual qualities and attributes, including gender, race, or national origin, would provide beneficial diversity of skills, experience, or perspective to the Board’s membership and collective attributes. Such considerations will vary based on the Board’s existing membership and other factors, such as the strength of a potential nominee’s overall qualifications relative to diversity considerations.

 

The Governance Committee met [    ] time during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

Compliance Committee

Ms. Rossman, Chairperson

  

The Compliance Committee has the responsibility, among other things, to (1) oversee the implementation of the Trust’s compliance program; (2) review the CCO’s administration of compliance policies and procedures; and (3) monitor responses to any regulatory action or inquiry.

 

The Compliance Committee [did not meet] during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

Information about Each Trustee’s Qualifications, Experience, Attributes or Skills.

The Board takes into account a variety of factors in the selection of candidates to serve as Trustees, including the then composition of the Board. Generally, no one factor is decisive in the selection of an individual to join the Board. Among the factors the Board considers when concluding that an individual should serve on the Board are the following: (i) the individual’s business and professional experience and accomplishments; (ii) the individual’s ability to work effectively with the other members of the Board; and (iii) how the individual’s skills, experience, and attributes would contribute to an appropriate mix of relevant skills and experience on the Board. In addition, to serve as a Trustee, an individual should also possess various other intangible qualities such as intelligence, work ethic, and the ability to work together, to communicate effectively, to ask incisive questions, to exercise judgment, and to oversee the business of the Trust.

The Board also considers diversity of its Trustees. The Board has not adopted any particular standard or policy with respect to diversity, but it considers varied backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives in evaluating candidates, nominees and fellow Trustees.

The Board also considers, among other factors, the particular attributes described below with respect to the various individual Trustees.

Ms. Caruso has many years of financial services experience in the U.S. and Canada, including substantial executive experience in the investment management industry and extensive experience serving on the boards of mutual funds and other companies.

Mr. Lee has many years of global financial markets experience, managing derivative product development and marketing activities to financial institutional clients in a number of Asian countries, as well as substantial experience as a member of management and executive committees and as a director of an investment company listed on the Australian Stock Exchange.

 

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Mr. Lyons has enjoyed and continues to enjoy a distinguished academic and professional career in fields relevant to business and the investment industry generally, and he has many years of experience as a director or trustee of investment companies, including over a decade in the past as a Trustee of the Trust.

Ms. Rossman has many years of experience as an investment professional specializing in portfolio management and is familiar with the analysis of investment strategy, trading, and performance results, and she has been serving on the Board since 2006.

Mr. Shibano has many years of academic and professional business experience with prominent institutions and companies, much of which has related to financial matters, and he also has over ten years of experience serving on the Board.

Mr. Zeschin has many years of experience in the investment management and investment advisory industry, including substantial experience with mutual funds as an independent trustee or independent director and chairman of board, and he has been serving on the Board since 2007.

Mr. Hackett has extensive executive and global investment management experience as the senior executive of Matthews and as a partner of one of the leading accounting and consulting firms in the world, and he has been serving on the boards of two registered investment companies (one in Luxembourg and one in Ireland) sponsored by Matthews or an affiliate since 2010 and 2009.

Mr. Matthews has extensive executive and industry experience as the founder and senior executive of Matthews, is intimately familiar with Asian equity securities and markets, and has been serving on the Board since 2006.

Fund Ownership by Trustees.

The following table sets forth the dollar range of equity securities beneficially owned by each Trustee in each of the Funds and in all registered investment companies overseen by the Trustee within the same family of investment companies, as of [TO BE UPDATED].

 

Name of Trustee

  

Dollar Range of

Equity Securities in each of the Funds

   Aggregate Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in All
Registered
Investment
Companies Overseen
by Trustee within the
Family of Investment
Companies*
INDEPENDENT TRUSTEES

Gale K. Caruso

  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $50,001-$100,000    $50,001-$100,000

Christopher F. Lee

   None    None    None

Richard K. Lyons

  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $50,001-$100,000    $50,001-$100,000

Rhoda Rossman

  

•    Matthews Japan Fund

   $10,001-$50,000    Over $100,000
  

•    Matthews Asia Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews China Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews India Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   

Toshi Shibano

  

•    Matthews India Fund

   $50,001-$100,000    Over $100,000
  

•    Matthews China Fund

   Over $100,000   

Jonathan F. Zeschin

  

•    Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund

   Over $100,000    Over $100,000
  

•    Matthews Emerging Asia Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Growth Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews China Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Japan Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   

 

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Name of Trustee

  

Dollar Range of

Equity Securities in each of the Funds

   Aggregate Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in All
Registered
Investment
Companies Overseen
by Trustee within the
Family of Investment
Companies*
INTERESTED TRUSTEES

William J. Hackett

  

•    Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund

   $10,001-$50,000    Over $100,000
  

•    Matthews Emerging Asia Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews China Dividend Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews Japan Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews China Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Korea Fund

   $10,001-$50,000   
  

•    Matthews China Small Companies Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $1-$10,000   

G. Paul Matthews

  

•    Matthews India Fund

   $50,001-$100,000    Over $100,000
  

•    Matthews Asian Growth and Income Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Dividend Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews China Dividend Fund

   $50,001-$100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Focus Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Growth Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Emerging Asia Fund

   $50,001-$100,000   
  

•    Matthews China Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Japan Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Korea Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund

   Over $100,000   
  

•    Matthews China Small Companies Fund

   $50,001-$100,000   
  

•    Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund

   Over $100,000   

As of December 31, 2015, none of the Independent Trustees or their respective immediate family members (spouse or dependent children) owned beneficially or of record an interest in Matthews or the Funds’ underwriter, or in any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with Matthews or the Funds’ underwriter.

 

* Upon commencement of operations of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, which is expected to occur on or about [April 29], 2016, the “Fund Complex” will consist of the Trust’s [18] Funds and the two Series comprising the A Share Fund.

Shareholders’ Voting Powers

On any matter submitted to a vote of shareholders, all shares shall be voted separately by the individual Fund, except that the shares shall be voted in the aggregate and not by individual Fund when (i) required by the 1940 Act; or (ii) the Board of Trustees has determined that the matters affect the interests of more than one Fund (e.g., the election of a new member to the Board of Trustees of the Trust). Each whole share is entitled to one vote as to any matter on which it is entitled to vote, and each fractional share is entitled to a proportionate fractional vote.

 

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Approval of Investment Advisory Agreement

The Trust has retained Matthews to manage the assets of each of the Funds pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, which has been approved by the Board of Trustees, including the Independent Trustees. Additional information regarding the Advisory Agreement may be found in the section entitled “Investment Advisory and Other Service Providers.” The Advisory Agreement has an initial term of two years for each Fund and continues in effect from year to year thereafter provided such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by the vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of the respective Fund, or by the Board of Trustees, and in either event, by a majority of the Independent Trustees casting votes in person at a meeting called for such purpose. A discussion regarding the basis for the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Advisory Agreement with respect to the Funds other than the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will be available in the Funds’ Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2015. A discussion regarding the basis for the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Advisory Agreement with respect to the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund will be available in the Funds’ Semi-Annual Report to Shareholders for the six months ending June 30, 2016.

Compensation

The fees and expenses of the Trustees are allocated to each series of the Trust and paid by the Trust. For their services on the Board of Directors of the A Share Fund, the Trustees currently do not receive any compensation from the A Share Fund but may in the future be compensated by the A Share Fund. The following table shows the fees paid during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 to the Trustees for their service to the Funds and the total compensation paid to the Trustees by the Fund Complex.

 

     Fiscal Year Ended [                    ]  
     Aggregate
Compensation
from the Trust
     Pension or
Retirement
Benefits Accrued
as Part of Fund
Expenses
     Estimated
Annual Benefits
Upon Retirement
     Total
Compensation
From
Fund Complex
Paid to
Trustees***
 

Independent Trustees

           

Gale K. Caruso**

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Christopher F. Lee**

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Richard K. Lyons

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Rhoda Rossman

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Toshi Shibano

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Jonathan F. Zeschin

   $ [    ]         None         None       $ [    ]   

Interested Trustees*

           

William J. Hackett**

   $ 0         None         None       $ 0   

G. Paul Matthews

   $ 0         None         None       $ 0   
* No compensation is paid by the Trust to the Interested Trustees.
** Each of Ms. Caruso and Messrs. Lee and Hackett were elected to the Board on February 24, 2015.
*** Upon commencement of operations of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, which is expected to occur on or about April 29, 2016, the “Fund Complex” will consist of the Trust’s 18 Funds and the two Series comprising the A Share Fund.

No officer or employee of Matthews receives any compensation from the Funds for acting as an officer or employee of the Trust. The officers of the Trust receive no compensation directly from the Funds for performing the duties of their offices. Neither the Trustees nor the officers of the Trust receive any pension or retirement benefits from the Funds.

Code of Ethics

The Trust and Matthews have adopted a written code of ethics (the “Code of Ethics”) pursuant to Section 17(j) of the 1940 Act and Rule 17j-1 thereunder and Rule 204A-1 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. The Code of Ethics requires certain persons with access to investment information (“Access Persons”) to obtain prior clearance before engaging in certain personal securities transactions. Transactions must be executed generally within 2 business days of clearance. In addition, all Access Persons must report their personal securities transactions within 10 days after the end of each calendar quarter or becoming an Access Person, and file an annual statement within 45 calendar days with respect to their personal securities holdings. Access Persons and members of their immediate family are prohibited from directly and indirectly acquiring beneficial ownership in any Asia Pacific security (excluding ownership of shares of an investment company registered under the 1940 Act). Any material violation of the Code of Ethics is reported to the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees also oversees the administration of the Code of Ethics. The Code of Ethics is on file with the SEC.

 

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Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

The Board of Trustees has delegated to Matthews the authority to vote proxies of companies held in each Fund’s portfolio. Matthews has adopted written Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures (“Proxy Policies”) to assist it in evaluating shareholder proposals. Matthews has retained the services of an independent proxy consultant, Institutional Shareholder Services, a division of RiskMetrics Group, Inc. (“ISS”), to receive and evaluate shareholder proposals, apply the Proxy Policies, effect proxy votes and maintain appropriate records.

For significant corporate matters, such as establishing pension or profit sharing plans, proposed mergers and acquisitions, and sales of assets, as well as ESG related matters, the Proxy Policies establish guidelines for evaluating the facts and circumstances of the particular proposal. In such circumstances, Matthews evaluates the proposal in light of the best interests of a Fund and its shareholders and votes accordingly. With respect to other more routine matters, the Proxy Policies may establish certain standards that, if satisfied, will result in a vote for or against a proposal. Routine matters include (i) election of directors; (ii) approval of auditors; (iii) approval of dividends and distributions; (iv) confidential voting; and (v) limitation on charitable contributions or fees paid to professional advisors. However, even in these circumstances, Matthews reserves the right to evaluate each proposal individually, and to vote on the matter in a manner that Matthews believes is in the best interest of a Fund or its shareholders (even if that vote is inconsistent with the Proxy Policies). For example, while Matthews generally votes in favor of management’s nominees for a board of directors, it may vote against management nominees if it believes that the board was entrenched or otherwise not acting in the best interests of shareholders. Matthews generally votes in the same manner for each of its clients that hold a security, subject to the individual objectives of each client. As a result, Matthews may vote in favor of a proposal for certain clients while voting against the same proposal for other clients. Matthews also reserves the right to revise, alter or supplement the Proxy Policies from time-to-time, which may result in different votes on similar issues over time.

There may be circumstances in which Matthews believes that refraining from voting on a matter submitted to shareholders is in the best interests of the Funds or its shareholders, such as when the cost of voting the proxy exceeds the expected benefit to the client. Similarly, voting on shareholder matters in foreign countries, particularly in emerging markets, may be subject to restrictions (including registration procedures that may result in a holding becoming illiquid for a period of time) and limitations that impede or make impractical the exercise of shareholder rights. Such limitations may include (i) untimely or inadequate notice of shareholder meetings; (ii) restrictions on the ability of holders outside the issuer’s jurisdiction of organization to exercise votes; (iii) in person voting requirements; (iv) restrictions on the sale of securities for periods surrounding the shareholder meeting (“share blocking”); (v) granting local agents powers of attorney to facilitate voting instructions; (vi) proxy materials or ballots not being readily available; and (vii) proxy materials or ballots not being available in English.

There may be circumstances in which Matthews has or may be perceived to have a conflict or potential conflict of interest in voting on particular matters. Matthews attempts to minimize this potential by utilizing an independent consultant to monitor and apply the Proxy Policies. The Proxy Policies also provide for monitoring of conflicts and potential conflicts of interest circumstances. When a material conflict of interest is identified, Matthews (i) votes proxies in accordance with a pre-determined policy; (ii) votes proxies based upon the recommendations of an independent third party; (iii) advises the Board of Trustees of the circumstances, seeks their direction, and votes accordingly; or (iv) takes other action as may be appropriate in the particular circumstances.

In addition to providing research and other proxy voting services, ISS, through its Corporate Services Division, offers products and services to issuers of proxy solicitations consisting of advisory and analytical services, self-assessment tools and publications. ISS has represented that employees of its Corporate Services Division are not involved in ISS’ analysis of filed proxy proposals or preparation of vote recommendations. Nonetheless, ISS has adopted policies and procedures to guard against and to resolve any conflicts of interest that may arise in connection with its provision of research analyses, vote recommendations and voting services to Matthews.

Information regarding how the Funds voted proxies relating to portfolio securities during the 12-month period ended June 30, 2015 is available (1) without charge, by visiting matthewsasia.com, (2) by calling the Fund at (800) 789-ASIA (2742) and (3) on the SEC’s website at sec.gov.

Control Persons and Principal Holders of Securities

As of December 31, 2015, the Trustees and officers as a group owned less than 1% of the outstanding shares of each Class of the Funds, except for the Investor and Institutional Classes of the [Matthews Asia Focus Fund, the Investor and Institutional Classes of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, the Investor and Institutional Classes of the Matthews Asia ESG Fund, and the Investor Class of the Matthews China Small Companies Fund]. As of December 31, 2015, the Trustees and officers as a group owned [[12.6]% of the Investor Class shares of Matthews Asia Focus Fund, [6.8]% of the Institutional Class shares of Matthews Asia Focus Fund, [3.2]% of the Investor Class shares of Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, [2.5]% of the Institutional Class shares of Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, [6.4]% of the Investor Class shares of Matthews Asia ESG Fund, [92.0]% of the Institutional Class shares of Matthews Asia ESG Fund, [14.0]% of the Investor Class shares of Matthews China Small Companies Fund, [x.x]% of the Investor Class shares of Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, and [x.x]% of the Institutional Class shares of Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund].

 

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The tables below show, as of [            ], the persons who owned of record or beneficially more than 5% of the outstanding voting shares of the Funds.* Any person owning more than 25% of the voting securities of a Fund may be deemed to have effective voting control over the operation of that Fund, which would diminish the voting rights of other shareholders.

 

Fund

  

Account Holder’s Name, Address

  

Percentage of Shares

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asian Growth & Income Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asian Growth & Income Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Dividend Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Dividend Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews China Dividend Fund – Investor Class

     

 

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Matthews China Dividend Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Value Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Value Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Focus Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Focus Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Growth Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Growth Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund – Investor Class

     

 

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Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia ESG Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia ESG Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Emerging Asia Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Emerging Asia Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews China Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews China Fund Institutional Class

     

Matthews India Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews India Fund – Institutional Class

     

 

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Matthews Japan Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Japan Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Korea Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Korea Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund – Investor Class

     

 

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Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews Asia Science And Technology Fund – Investor Class

     

Matthews Asia Science And Technology Fund – Institutional Class

     

Matthews China Small Companies Fund – Investor Class

     
* The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund did not commence operations and did not have any voting shares outstanding as of December 31, 2015. The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on or about [April 29], 2016 and did not have any voting shares outstanding as of December 31, 2015.

 

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Investment Advisor, Underwriter and Other Service Providers

Investment Advisor

Currently the Trust employs only one investment advisor, Matthews International Capital Management, LLC. LM Matthews Holdings III, LLC and LM Matthews Holdings III-A, LLC, which are special purpose entities controlled by Lovell Minnick Partners, LLC (collectively, “Lovell Minnick”), an investment firm, have a collective ownership interest of [10-25]% in Matthews. RBC USA Holdco Corporation (“RBC”), which is a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the publicly traded Royal Bank of Canada, has an ownership interest of [10-25]% in Matthews. Mizuho Bank, Ltd. (“Mizuho”) also has an ownership interest of [10-25]% in Matthews. G. Paul Matthews (who is a member of the Board of Directors of Matthews) and Mark W. Headley (who is the Chairman and a member of the Board of Directors of Matthews) each have an ownership interest of [10%-25]% and [5%-10]%, respectively, in Matthews. A representative of each of Lovell Minnick, RBC, Mizuho, as well as Mr. Matthews and Mr. Headley, are members of the Board of Directors of Matthews. Because of their ownership of, or positions with, Matthews, each of Lovell Minnick, RBC, Mizuho, Mr. Matthews and Mr. Headley may, for certain purposes, be deemed to be affiliated with or in control of Matthews. In addition, Mr. Matthews is a Trustee of the Funds, and Mr. Headley is a Vice President of the Funds. For these reasons, each of Mr. Matthews and Mr. Headley may be deemed to be affiliated persons of the Funds. Matthews currently serves as the sole investment advisor to the A Share Fund, and therefore, the A Share Fund may be deemed to be an affiliated person of Matthews and the Funds.

Matthews performs its duties and is paid pursuant to its Advisory Agreement. Some of the terms of the Advisory Agreement are set by the 1940 Act, such as the annual review and renewal of the Advisory Agreement by the Board of Trustees after an initial two-year term and the termination by the Board of Trustees without penalty on 60 days’ notice.

The advisory services provided by Matthews and the fees received by it for such services are described in the Prospectus. Matthews may, from time-to-time, voluntarily waive its advisory fees and/or reimburse expenses with respect to one or more of the Funds, but is not obligated to do so.

Under the Advisory Agreement, Matthews is not liable for any error of judgment or mistake of law or for any loss suffered by the Funds in connection with the performance of the Advisory Agreement, except a loss resulting from willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence on its part in the performance of its duties or from reckless disregard of its duties and obligations thereunder.

The terms of the Advisory Agreement provide that, after an initial two-year term, it will continue from year to year provided that it is approved at least annually by the vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of each Fund, or by the Board of Trustees, including a majority of the Independent Trustees. The Advisory Agreement may be terminated with respect to a Fund by vote of the Board of Trustees or by the holders of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of each Fund, at any time without penalty, on 60 days’ written notice to Matthews. Matthews may also terminate its advisory relationship with respect to a Fund on 60 days’ written notice to that Fund. The Advisory Agreement cannot be assigned; any assignment would automatically terminate the Advisory Agreement.

Under the Advisory Agreement, each Fund is responsible for payment of all of its expenses except those specifically assumed by Matthews or another third party, including payment of the following expenses:

 

1. The fees and expenses of the Independent Trustees;

 

2. The salaries and expenses of any of the Funds’ officers or employees who are not affiliated with Matthews;

 

3. Interest expenses;

 

4. Taxes and governmental fees;

 

5. Brokerage commissions and other expenses incurred in acquiring or disposing of portfolio securities;

 

6. The expenses of registering and qualifying shares for sale with the SEC and with various state securities commissions;

 

7. Accounting and legal costs;

 

8. Insurance premiums;

 

9. Fees and expenses of the Funds’ custodian, administrator and transfer agent and any related services;

 

10. Expenses of obtaining quotations of the Funds’ portfolio securities and of pricing the Funds’ shares;

 

11. Expenses of maintaining the Funds’ legal existence and of shareholders’ meetings;

 

12. Expenses of preparation and distribution to existing shareholders of reports, proxies and prospectuses;

 

13. Fees and expenses of membership in industry organizations; and

 

14. Expenses related to the development and maintenance of the Funds’ Compliance Program as required by the 1940 Act.

 

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The ratio of each Fund’s expenses to its relative net assets can be expected to be higher than the expense ratio of a fund investing solely in domestic securities, since the cost of maintaining the custody of foreign securities is generally higher than comparable expenses for such other funds and the rate of investment management fees paid by each Fund may also be higher than the comparable expenses of such other funds.

General expenses of the Trust such as costs of maintaining corporate existence, legal fees, insurance, etc., and expenses shared by the Funds will be allocated among the Funds on a basis deemed fair and equitable by the Board of Trustees, which may be based on the relative net assets of the Funds or the nature of the services performed and relative applicability to each Fund. Expenses which relate exclusively to a particular Fund, such as certain registration fees, brokerage commissions and other portfolio expenses, will be borne directly by that Fund.

The Funds pay Matthews (i) for management and advisory services; and (ii) for certain administrative services, an annual fee as a percentage of average daily net assets. Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Funds, other than the excluded Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund, Matthews Emerging Asia Fund, Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund, Matthews China Small Companies Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund (such Funds other than the excluded Funds collectively, the “Family-Priced Funds”), in the aggregate pay Matthews 0.75% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds up to $2 billion, 0.6834% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $2 billion up to $5 billion, 0.65% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $5 billion up to $25 billion, 0.64% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $25 billion up to $30 billion, 0.63% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $30 billion up to $35 billion, 0.62% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $35 billion up to $40 billion, 0.61% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $40 billion up to $45 billion, and 0.60% of the aggregate average daily net assets of the Family-Priced Funds over $45 billion.

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, each of the Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund, Matthews China Small Companies Fund and Matthews Emerging Asia Fund pays Matthews an annual fee of 1.00% of the average daily net assets of such Fund up to $1 billion and 0.95% of the average daily net assets of such Fund over $1 billion. Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, each of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund pays Matthews an annual fee of 0.65% of such Fund’s average daily net assets.

Each Fund pays Matthews a monthly fee based on the actual numbers of days of the month using the applicable annual fee rate for that Fund based on the Fund’s average daily net asset value for the month. In addition, under the Shareholder Services Agreement (as defined below), the Funds pay Matthews a fee for administrative and shareholder services. See “Shareholder Servicing and Administration.”

During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2013, 2014 and 2015, the aggregate advisory fees earned by Matthews before and after waivers of fees and/or reimbursement/subsidy of expenses by Matthews were as follows:

 

Fiscal Year Ended December 31

   Aggregate Advisory Fees
Earned by Matthews (before
Waivers)
     Aggregate Advisory Fees Earned
by Matthews (after Waivers)
 

2013  

   $ 141,172,765       $ 141,054,445   

2014

   $ 147,817,946       $ 147,054,985   

2015

   $ [     ]       $ [     ]   

Pursuant to an Operating Expenses Agreement, dated as of November 4, 2003, most recently amended effective [April 29, 2016] (as amended from time to time, the “Operating Expenses Agreement”), Matthews has agreed to waive fees and reimburse expenses to the extent needed to limit total annual operating expenses (excluding Rule 12b-1 fees, front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, interest, brokerage commissions, short sale dividend expenses, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) of the Institutional Class (i) for all Funds other than the Matthews China Small Companies Fund, Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, to 1.25%, and (ii) for the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, to 0.90%, in each case first by waiving class specific expenses (i.e., Rule 12b-1 fees or shareholder service fees specific to a particular class) of the Institutional Class and then, to the extent necessary, by waiving non-class specific expenses of the Institutional Class. If any non-class specific expenses of the Institutional Class are waived for the Institutional Class, Matthews has also agreed to waive an equal amount of non-class specific expenses for the Investor Class. Because certain expenses of the Investor Class may be higher than those of the Institutional Class and because no class specific expenses will be waived for the Investor Class, the total annual operating expenses after fee waiver and expense reimbursement for the Investor Class would be 1.25% or 0.90%, as appropriate, plus the sum of (i) the amount (in annual percentage terms) of the class specific expenses incurred by the Investor Class that exceed those incurred by the Institutional Class; and (ii) the amount (in annual percentage terms) of the class specific expenses reduced for the Institutional Class and not the Investor Class.

 

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Pursuant to the Operating Expenses Agreement, for the Matthews China Small Companies Fund, Matthews has agreed to waive fees and reimburse expenses to the extent needed to limit total annual operating expenses (excluding Rule 12b-1 fees, front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, interest, brokerage commissions, short sale dividend expenses, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) of the Investor Class to 1.50%.

In turn, if a Fund’s expenses fall below the expense limitation in a year within three years after Matthews has made such a waiver or reimbursement, the Fund may reimburse Matthews up to an amount not to cause the expenses for that year to exceed the expense limitation applicable at the time of such fee waiver and/or expense reimbursement or to exceed any other agreed upon expense limitation for that year. For each Fund other than the Matthews Asia Value Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, this agreement will continue through April 30, 2017 and may be extended for additional periods not exceeding one year. For the Matthews Asia Value Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund, this agreement will continue through April 30, 2018, and may be extended for additional periods not exceeding one year.

Pursuant to a fee waiver letter agreement, effective as of September 1, 2014, between the Trust, on behalf of the Family-Priced Funds, and Matthews (as amended from time to time, the “Fee Waiver Agreement”), for each Family-Priced Fund, Matthews agrees to waive a portion of the fee payable under the Advisory Agreement and a portion of the fee payable under the Shareholder Services Agreement, if any Family-Priced Fund’s average daily net assets are over $3 billion, as follows: for every $2.5 billion average daily net assets of a Family-Priced Fund that are over $3 billion, the fee rates under the Advisory Agreement and the Services Agreement for such Family-Priced Fund with respect to such excess average daily net assets will be each reduced by 0.01%, in each case without reducing such fee rate below 0.00%.

Pursuant to an amended and restated intermediary platform fee subsidy letter agreement, effective March 1, 2015, between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and Matthews (as amended from time to time, the “Subsidy Agreement”), with respect to each intermediary platform that charges the Funds 10 basis points (0.10%) or more for services provided with respect to Institutional Class shares of the Funds through such platform, Matthews agrees to reimburse the Institutional Class of the Funds a portion of those service fees in an amount equal to 2 basis points (0.02%), and with respect to each intermediary platform that charges the Funds 5 basis points (0.05%) or more but less than 10 basis points (0.10%) for services provided with respect to Institutional Class shares of the Funds through such platform, Matthews agrees to reimburse the Institutional Class of the Funds a portion of those service fees in an amount equal to 1 basis point (0.01%).

For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, the gross advisory fees earned under the Advisory Agreement, fees waived and/or expenses reimbursed/subsidized by Matthews pursuant to the Operating Expenses Agreement, the Fee Waiver Agreement and the Subsidy Agreement, and the net advisory fees for each Fund were as follows:

 

     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2015  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Advisory

Fees Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/or Expenses

Reimbursed/Subsidized

by Matthews

     Net Advisory Fees  

Asia Strategic Income Fund  

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund1

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

China Dividend Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Asia Value Fund2

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asia Focus Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Asia Growth Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Asia ESG Fund3

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

China Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

India Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Japan Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

Korea Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [    ]   

 

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Table of Contents
     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2015  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Advisory

Fees Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/or Expenses

Reimbursed/Subsidized

by Matthews

     Net Advisory Fees  

Asia Small Companies Fund  

   $  [     ]       $  [     ]       $  [     ]   

China Small Companies Fund

   $  [     ]       $  [     ]       $  [     ]   

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $  [     ]       $  [     ]       $  [     ]   

 

1  The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on [April 29, 2016].
2  The Matthews Asia Value Fund commenced operations on November 30, 2015
3  The Matthews Asia ESG Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2015.

 

     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2014  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Advisory

Fees Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/or Expenses

Reimbursed/Subsidized

by Matthews

     Net Advisory Fees  

Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $ 377,748       $ (79,504    $ 298,244   

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund1

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ 29,679,830       $ (51,372    $ 29,628,458   

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ 35,424,853       $ (73,450    $ 35,351,403   

China Dividend Fund

   $ 925,316       $ —        $ 925,316   

Asia Value Fund2

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asia Focus Fund

   $ 68,308       $ (62,897    $ 5,411   

Asia Growth Fund

   $ 5,382,448       $ —        $ 5,382,448   

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ 51,603,486       $ (272,316    $ 51,331,170   

Asia ESG Fund3

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund

   $ 764,865       $ (152,283    $ 612,582   

China Fund

   $ 7,626,920       $ —        $ 7,626,920   

India Fund

   $ 4,339,849       $ —        $ 4,339,849   

Japan Fund

   $ 3,346,472       $ —        $ 3,346,472   

Korea Fund

   $ 1,291,732       $ —        $ 1,291,732   

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ 5,593,655       $ (15,271    $ 5,578,384   

China Small Companies Fund

   $ 240,755       $ (55,868    $ 184,887   

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ 1,151,709       $ —        $ 1,151,709   

 

1  The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on [April 29, 2016].
2  The Matthews Asia Value Fund commenced operations on November 30, 2015
3  The Matthews Asia ESG Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2015.

 

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Table of Contents
     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2013  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Advisory

Fees Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/or Expenses

Reimbursed/Subsidized

by Matthews

     Net Advisory Fees  

Asia Strategic Income Fund  

   $ 342,529       $ (41,268    $ 301,261   

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund5

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ 29,911,798       $ 0       $ 29,911,798   

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ 34,737,711       $ 0       $ 34,737,711   

China Dividend Fund

   $ 793,795       $ 104,529       $ 898,324   

Asia Value Fund1

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asia Focus Fund3

   $ 32,399       $ (87,951    $ (55,552

Asia Growth Fund

   $ 4,225,929       $ 0       $ 4,225,929   

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ 48,602,934       $ 0       $ 48,602,934   

Asia ESG Fund2

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund4

   $ 205,456       $ (85,829    $ 119,627   

China Fund

   $ 10,995,785       $ 0       $ 10,995,785   

India Fund

   $ 3,511,555       $ 0       $ 3,511,555   

Japan Fund

   $ 1,649,630       $ 0       $ 1,649,630   

Korea Fund

   $ 949,149       $ 0       $ 949,149   

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ 4,112,567       $ 0       $ 4,112,567   

China Small Companies Fund

   $ 192,536       $ (7,801    $ 184,735   

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ 908,992       $ 0       $ 908,992   

 

 

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Portfolio Managers

The following table shows information regarding other accounts managed by the Funds’ Portfolio Managers as of December 31, 2015.

 

Name of Portfolio Manager

   Account
Category
   Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets in
Accounts
     Number of
Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
     Total Assets
in Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
 

Kenichi Amaki

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
Lead Manager of the Matthews Japan Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund     Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Sunil Asnani

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  

Lead Manager of the Matthews India Fund

   Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Robert Horrocks

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
Lead Manager of the Matthews Asian Growth and Income and Asia Dividend Funds    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Tiffany Hsiao, CFA*

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
Lead Manager of the China Small Companies Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Taizo Ishida

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia Growth and Emerging Asia Funds; Co-Manager of the Matthews Japan Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Teresa Kong, CFA

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  

Lead Manager of the Matthews

Asia Strategic Income Fund and Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

   Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Kenneth Lowe, CFA

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $
$
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
Lead Manager of the Asia Focus and Asian Growth and Income Funds    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

 

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Name of Portfolio Manager

   Account
Category
   Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets in
Accounts
     Number of
Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
     Total Assets
in Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
 

Andrew Mattock, CFA*

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

 [    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

 [    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the China Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Michael J. Oh, CFA

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia Science and Technology and Korea Funds; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Focus Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

 

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Name of Portfolio Manager

   Account
Category
   Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets in
Accounts
     Number of
Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
     Total Assets
in Accounts
Where
Advisory Fee
is Based on
Account
Performance
 

Satya Patel

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

 [    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

 [    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Strategic Income Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Sharat Shroff, CFA,

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Growth, Asia Focus, and India Funds    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Lydia So, CFA

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Science and Technology Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   
Vivek Tanneeru    Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia ESG Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Dividend Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Yu Zhang, CFA

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews China Dividend and Asia Dividend Funds    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

Beini Zhou, CFA**

   Registered Investment Companies

Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

    
 
[    ]
[    ]
  
  
   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

    

 

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

   $

$

[    ]

[    ]

  

  

Lead Manager of the Matthews Asia Value Fund; Co-Manager of the Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund    Other Accounts      [    ]       $ [    ]         [    ]       $ [    ]   

 

* Other Accounts Managed Information as of December 31, 2015.
** Other Accounts Managed Information as of December 31, 2015.

 

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Portfolio Managers’ compensation consists of a combination of base salary, fixed and discretionary bonuses, participation in the equity or revenues of the firm, and participation in benefit plans, which are generally available to all salaried employees. Compensation is structured to emphasize the success of both Matthews and the individual employee. Compensation is not linked to the distribution of the shares of the Funds. Key elements of compensation are detailed below:

 

Base Salary    Each Portfolio Manager receives a fixed base salary that takes into account his or her experience and responsibilities and is intended to be competitive with salaries offered by other similar firms.
Bonus    Matthews emphasizes teamwork and a focus on client needs. Bonuses are structured to emphasize those principles and are based on a number of factors including the profitability of Matthews and the employee’s contributions to the firm, such as the pre-tax performance of accounts managed by the employee, leadership position in the firm and participation in firm marketing efforts and other activities. Performance is generally considered on an absolute basis over longer periods (five to ten years). However, market conditions and performance relative to the benchmark or peer group of a Fund or other account may also be considered.
Other Compensation    Certain Portfolio Managers may receive compensation in the form of equity interests in Matthews or cash payments based upon a percent of Matthews’ revenues. Matthews is a private limited liability company that provides pass-through treatment. Accordingly holders of equity interests may be allocated portions of Matthews’ profits and losses, and may receive cash distributions. Such distributions may be made subject to certain required distributions and payments, Matthews’ working capital requirements and similar considerations.
Benefit Programs    Portfolio Managers participate in benefit plans and programs available generally to all employees.

 

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As shown in the table above, certain Portfolio Managers may manage other accounts with investment strategies similar to the Funds. Those other accounts may include other U.S. or non-U.S. mutual funds advised or sub-advised by Matthews, and separately managed accounts. Fees earned by Matthews may vary among these accounts, the Portfolio Managers may personally invest in some but not all of these accounts, and certain of these accounts may have a greater impact on their compensation than others. These factors may create conflicts of interest because a Portfolio Manager may have incentives to favor certain accounts over others, resulting in the potential for other accounts outperforming a Fund. A conflict may also exist if a Portfolio Manager identifies a limited investment opportunity that may be appropriate for more than one account, but a Fund is not able to take full advantage of that opportunity due to the need to allocate that opportunity among multiple accounts. In addition, the Portfolio Manager may execute transactions for another account that may adversely impact the value of securities held by the Fund. A Portfolio Manager’s compensation arrangement may also give rise to potential conflicts of interest. A Portfolio Manager’s base pay tends to increase with additional and more complex responsibilities that include increased assets under management; and the bonuses of the Portfolio Managers relate to increases in asset levels under Matthews’ management. Additional, as explained above, certain Portfolio Managers may receive equity-based compensation from Matthews. The management of or participation in the management of multiple Funds and accounts may give rise to potential conflicts of interest among the Funds and accounts, as Portfolio Managers must allocate their time and investment ideas across the Funds and other accounts, which may pay different fees to Matthews and have different objectives, benchmarks and time horizons. A Portfolio Manager may execute transactions for a Fund or other account that may adversely impact the value of securities held by the Fund. Any securities selected for a Fund or other account may perform differently than the securities selected for another Fund or other account. However, Matthews believes that these conflicts may be mitigated to a certain extent by the fact that accounts with like investment strategies managed by a particular Portfolio Manager are generally managed in a similar fashion, subject to a variety of exceptions (for example, particular investment restrictions or policies applicable only to certain accounts, certain portfolio holdings that may be transferred in-kind when an account is opened, differences in cash flows and account sizes, and similar factors). In addition, the Funds and Matthews have adopted a trade management policy, which they believe is reasonably designed to address potential conflicts of interest that may arise in managing multiple accounts. With respect to the allocation of investment opportunities (i.e., investment ideas), Matthews has established policies and procedures that provide that all research conducted by any member of Matthews’ investment team be generally available to every other member. However, Matthews Portfolio Managers may act upon applicable research at any time, and no account or investment mandate (i.e., a group of accounts with similar investment objectives) has any general priority in the access to or allocation of any investment opportunity. In addition, Matthews may determine that priority to an investment opportunity should be established because of its limited availability, the difficulty of execution or other factors. Currently Matthews accords such priority with respect to (i) new accounts (such as the Matthews Asia Small Companies Fund and Matthews China Small Companies Fund) that invest in Asia Small Companies (as defined in the Prospectus); (ii) investments in Asia Small Companies in which no account managed by Matthews has previously invested; and (iii) accounts that focus on a specific country or sector and intend to invest in initial public offerings, secondary public offerings and private placements may be given priority in such opportunities to the extent they are associated with securities from a country or in a sector in which the account invests (e.g., the Matthews China Fund may be accorded priority with respect to the initial public offering of a Chinese company).

The management of personal accounts may give rise to potential conflicts of interest; there is no assurance that the Code of Ethics will adequately address such conflicts.

The following table sets forth the dollar range of equity securities beneficially owned by each Portfolio Manager in each Fund for which they are primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund’s portfolio and in all Funds of the Trust, as of December 31, 2015

 

Name of Portfolio Manager

  

Dollar Range of Equity Securities in Each Fund

Kenichi Amaki

   [                    ]     $ [                     ]

Sunil Asnani

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Robert Horrocks, PhD

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Tiffany Hsiao, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Taizo Ishida

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Teresa Kong, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Kenneth Lowe, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

 

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Name of Portfolio Manager

  

Dollar Range of Equity Securities in Each Fund

Andrew Mattock, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                     ]

Michael J. Oh, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Satya Patel

Sharat Shroff, CFA

  

[                    ]     $ [                    ]

[                    ]     $ [                    ]

Lydia So, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Vivek Tanneeru

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Yu Zhang, CFA

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

Beini Zhou, CFA**

   [                    ]     $ [                    ]

 

* The Portfolio Manager does not have responsibility for the day-to-day management of this Fund’s portfolio.
** Information as of December 31, 2015. The Matthews Asia Value Fund commenced operations on November 30, 2015. The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on [April 29, 2016].

 

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Principal Underwriter in the United States

The Trust and Foreside Funds Distributors LLC, formerly known as BNY Mellon Distributors LLC (the “Underwriter”), have entered into a Distribution Agreement (the “Distribution Agreement”). The Underwriter, located at 400 Berwyn Park, 899 Cassatt Road, Berwyn, PA 19312, acts as the statutory principal underwriter in the United States of the Funds’ shares. The Underwriter is a registered broker-dealer and is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”). Matthews compensates the Underwriter for its services to the Funds.

Pursuant to the Distribution Agreement, the Underwriter acts as the agent of the Trust in connection with the continuous offering of shares of the Funds. The Underwriter continually distributes shares of the Funds on a best efforts basis. The Underwriter has no obligation to sell any specific quantity of Fund shares. The Underwriter and its officers have no role in determining the investment policies of the Fund or which securities are to be purchased or sold by the Funds.

The Underwriter may enter into agreements with selected broker-dealers, banks or other financial intermediaries for the distribution of shares of the Funds. With respect to certain financial intermediaries and related fund “supermarket” platform arrangements, the Funds and/or Matthews, rather than the Underwriter, typically enter into such agreements. These financial intermediaries may charge a fee for their services and may receive shareholder service or other fees from parties other than the Underwriter.

These financial intermediaries may otherwise act as processing agents and be responsible for promptly transmitting purchase, redemption and other requests to the Funds.

The Trust has agreed to indemnify the Underwriter from losses relating to the Underwriter’s assumption of the principal underwriter function and from prospectus and sales material disclosure liability but not for willful malfeasance, bad faith, or gross negligence, in the performance of its duties, or by reason of its reckless disregard of its obligations and duties under the Distribution Agreement, in accordance with Section 17(i) of the 1940 Act.

Principal Underwriter in Latin America

The Trust and HMC Partners (“HMC”) have entered into a Distribution Agreement (the “HMC Distribution Agreement”). HMC has registered offices at Cricket Square, Hutchins Drive, P.O. Box 2681, Grand Cayman, KY1-1111, Cayman Islands. HMC acts as the statutory principal underwriter of the Funds’ shares in Chile, Peru and Colombia (and other Latin American countries as the Funds and HMC may agree upon from time to time). The HMC Distribution Agreement has been approved by the Board of Trustees. Matthews compensates HMC for its services to the Funds.

Pursuant to the HMC Distribution Agreement, HMC has agreed to qualify under all applicable laws in Chile, Peru and Colombia (and other Latin American countries as the Funds and HMC may agree upon from time to time) in connection with the distribution of the Funds’ shares in such countries. HMC is not, and is not required to be, a broker-dealer registered with the SEC or a member of FINRA.

Compensation Paid to Principal Underwriters

For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, neither the Trust nor any Fund paid compensation to any principal underwriter. In addition, for those years, no underwriting commissions were charged or amounts were retained by the principal underwriters.

Rule 12b-1 Plan (Distribution Plan)

The Trust’s 12b-1 Plan (the “Plan”) is inactive. The Plan authorizes the use of the Funds’ assets to compensate parties that provide distribution assistance or shareholder services, including, but not limited to, printing and distributing prospectuses to persons other than shareholders, printing and distributing advertising and sales literature and reports to shareholders used in connection with selling shares of the Funds, and furnishing personnel and communications equipment to service shareholder accounts and prospective shareholder inquiries. Although the Plan currently is not active, it is reviewed by the Board annually in case the Board decides to re-activate the Plan. The Plan would not be re-activated without prior notice to shareholders and any amounts payable under the Plan would be subject to applicable operating expense limitations. If the Plan were reactivated, the fee would be up to 0.25% for each of the Investor Class and Institutional Class, respectively.

 

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Shareholder Servicing and Administration and other Service Providers

Shareholder Servicing and Administration

BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc. provides certain administrative services to the Trust pursuant to a Second Amended and Restated Investment Company Services Agreement dated as of April 1, 2007, as amended from time to time (the “Investment Company Services Agreement”). Under the Investment Company Services Agreement, BNY Mellon provides certain accounting and financial administration services for the Trust including, among other things, the computation of the NAVs of the Funds’ shares, maintenance of certain of the Funds’ books and financial records, preparation and filing of shareholder reports, preparation and filing of certain tax returns and coordination of the payment of Fund-related expenses through the custodian. BNY Mellon also provides certain regulatory administration services including, among other things, the preparation of agendas and resolutions for quarterly Board meetings, maintenance of the Trust’s corporate records and assistance with the preparation and filing of the annual update to the Trust’s registration statement with the SEC.

In addition, pursuant to the Investment Company Services Agreement, BNY Mellon provides certain transfer agency and other shareholder services for shareholders who open accounts directly with BNY Mellon. Such services include maintaining shareholder accounts, generating shareholder statements, providing taxpayer information, and performing related servicing generally (collectively, “transfer agency and shareholder services”).

During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, the aggregate amounts paid by the Funds to BNY Mellon for accounting and administration services totaled $[            ], [1,799,945] and $[1,681,631] , respectively, and are broken down as follows:

 

Matthews Fund   

Fees Paid to

Administrator

During

FYE 12-31-13

    

Fees Paid to

Administrator

During

FYE 12-31-14

    

Fees Paid to

Administrator

During

FYE 12-31-15

 

Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $ 4,215       $ 4,653       $ [    ]   

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund

     N/A 1       N/A 1       N/A 1 

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ 360,046       $ 357,585       $ [    ]   

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ 418,555       $ 449,380       $ [    ]   

China Dividend Fund

   $ 9,562       $ 11,147       $ [    ]   

Asia Value Fund

     N/A 2       N/A 2       N/A 2 

Asia Focus Fund

     393 3     $ 824       $ [    ]   

Asia Growth Fund

   $ 50,952       $ 64,855       $ [    ]   

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ 585,149       $ 621,913       $ [    ]   

Asia ESG Fund

     N/A 4       N/A 4       N/A 4 

Emerging Asia Fund

     1,654 5     $ 6,135       $ [    ]   

China Fund

   $ 132,144       $ 114,536       $ [    ]   

India Fund

   $ 42,215       $ 52,403       $ [    ]   

Japan Fund

   $ 19,923       $ 40,332       $ [    ]   

Korea Fund

   $ 11,426       $ 15,577       $ [    ]   

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ 32,908       $ 44,799       $ [    ]   

China Small Companies Fund

   $ 1,543       $ 1,925       $ [    ]   

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ 10,946       $ 13,881       $ [    ]   

 

1  The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on [April 29, 2016].
2  The Matthews Asia Value Fund commenced operations on November 30, 2015.
3  The Matthews Asia Focus Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2013.
4  The Matthews Asia ESG Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2015.
5  The Matthews Emerging Asia Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2013.

For shareholders who purchase shares through a broker or other financial intermediary (sometimes called fund “supermarkets”), some or all transfer agency and shareholder services may be performed by that intermediary. The services provided by supermarkets (although they vary from supermarket to supermarket) generally include the following: acceptance, processing and settlement of specific shareholder transactions (purchases, redemptions and exchanges); establishing and maintaining transaction clearing relationships; establishing and maintaining individual shareholder records; providing and maintaining periodic and transaction-specific reporting; maintaining shareholder records regarding share splits, reorganizations and other corporate actions; performing anti-money laundering and related regulatory compliance functions that relate to individual shareholders; responding to inquiries regarding the Funds as well as the status of accounts and transactions made by shareholders who own shares through that supermarket; processing redemption fees; providing NAV, dividend and distribution information to shareholders; and assisting with shareholder

 

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communications. Some fund supermarkets also provide the following services: next-day transaction processing services; 24-hour transaction services; performance estimates; research; fund ratings (e.g., Lipper and Morningstar ratings); risk analysis; fund facts and fees; tax information and analysis; independent due diligence of funds; tax lot accounting; internet services; and access to other financial products (e.g., banking and credit). You should contact your supermarket to determine the specific services available to you.

 

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For performing transfer agency and shareholder services, the supermarket may seek compensation from the Funds or Matthews. In some cases, the services for which compensation is sought may be bundled with services not related to shareholder servicing, and may include distribution fees. The Board of Trustees has made a reasonable allocation (and periodically reviews the allocation) of the portion of bundled fees, and Matthews pays from its own resources that portion of the fees that the Board of Trustees determines may represent compensation to supermarkets for distribution services.

Various broker-dealers, including, among others, J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. and Bank of America Merrill Lynch, provide certain shareholder, administrative and sub-transfer agency services to the Funds for compensation under various agreements. Such services include, without limitation, transmission of purchase and redemption orders in accordance with the Funds’ prospectuses; maintenance of separate records for clients; mailing of shareholder confirmations and periodic statements; processing of dividend payments; and provision of shareholder information and support.

The Trust has also entered into an Administration and Shareholder Services Agreement with Matthews as of August 13, 2004, most recently amended effective [April 29, 2016] (as amended from time to time, the “Shareholder Services Agreement”). Pursuant to the Shareholder Services Agreement, Matthews provides a range of administrative services that focus on the servicing needed by the Funds and oversight and coordination of their various service providers, as distinct from the services provided by BNY Mellon and supermarkets to shareholder accounts. Matthews’ services may include, on a continuous basis: responding to shareholder communications that come to Matthews directly, indirectly via BNY Mellon or a supermarket, or via the Funds’ website; providing regular communications and investor education materials to shareholders; communicating with investment advisors whose clients own or hold shares of the Funds and providing such other information as may reasonably be requested by shareholders or certain services not provided by the Funds’ transfer agent or by fund supermarkets. Matthews also provides, on a continuous basis, the following administration services: oversight of the activities of BNY Mellon as the Funds’ transfer agent (including the transfer agent’s call center operations); oversight of the Funds’ accounting agent, custodian and BNY Mellon’s administrative functions; assisting with the daily calculation of Fund NAVs; overseeing each Fund’s compliance with its legal, regulatory and ethical policies and procedures; assisting with the preparation of agendas and other materials drafted by other parties, such as BNY Mellon, for Board meetings; providing such other information and assistance to shareholders as they may reasonably request; coordinating and executing the offering (or closure) of a Fund; and general oversight of the vendor community at large as well as industry trends to ensure that shareholders are receiving quality service and technical support.

Pursuant to the Shareholder Services Agreement, the Funds in the aggregate pay Matthews 0.25% of their aggregate average daily net assets up to $2 billion, 0.1834% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $2 billion up to $5 billion, 0.15% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $5 billion up to $7.5 billion, 0.125% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $7.5 billion up to $15 billion, 0.11% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $15 billion up to $22.5 billion, 0.10% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $22.5 billion up to $25 billion, 0.09% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $25 billion up to $30 billion, 0.08% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $30 billion up to $35 billion, 0.07% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $35 billion up to $40 billion, 0.06% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $40 billion up to $45 billion, and 0.05% of their aggregate average daily net assets over $45 billion. Gross fees earned under the Services Agreement, fees waived pursuant to the Fee Waiver Agreement, the net fees and the net fees in basis points for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 were as follows

 

     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2015  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Administration

and Shareholder

Servicing Fees

Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/
or Expenses

Reimbursed

by Matthews

     Net Fees   

Net Fee

in Basis

Points

 

Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [     ]

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund1

     N/A         N/A       N/A      N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

China Dividend Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Asia Value Fund2

     N/A         N/A       N/A      N/A   

Asia Focus Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Asia Growth Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Asia ESG Fund3

     N/A         N/A       N/A      N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

China Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

India Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Japan Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

Korea Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]       $ [     ]      [    ]

 

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     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2015  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Administration

and Shareholder

Servicing Fees

Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/
or Expenses

Reimbursed

by Matthews

     Net Fees     

Net Fee

in Basis

Points

 

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]      $ [    ]         [    ]

China Small Companies Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]      $ [    ]         [    ]

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ [    ]       $ [    ]      $ [    ]         [    ]

 

     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2014  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Administration

and Shareholder

Servicing Fees

Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/
or Expenses

Reimbursed

by Matthews

     Net Fees     

Net Fee

in Basis

Points

 

Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $ 82,715       $ —        $ 82,715         0.14

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund1

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ 6,365,716       $ (51,372    $ 6,314,344         0.14

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ 7,600,620       $ (73,450    $ 7,527,170         0.14

China Dividend Fund

   $ 198,468       $ —        $ 198,468         0.14

Asia Value Fund2

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asia Focus Fund

   $ 14,629       $ —        $ 14,629         0.14

Asia Growth Fund

   $ 1,154,256       $ —        $ 1,154,256         0.14

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ 11,065,138       $ (272,316    $ 10,792,822         0.14

Asia ESG Fund3

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund

   $ 108,693       $ —        $ 108,693         0.14

China Fund

   $ 1,636,853       $ —        $ 1,636,853         0.14

India Fund

   $ 928,678       $ —        $ 928,678         0.14

Japan Fund

   $ 717,043       $ —        $ 717,043         0.14

Korea Fund

   $ 276,779       $ —        $ 276,779         0.14

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ 796,089       $ —        $ 796,089         0.14

China Small Companies Fund

   $ 34,313       $ —        $ 34,313         0.14

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ 246,929       $ —        $ 246,929         0.14

 

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     Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2013  
Matthews Fund   

Gross Administration

and Shareholder

Servicing Fees

Earned

    

Fees Waived

and/
or Expenses

Reimbursed

by Matthews

     Net Fees     

Net Fee

in Basis

Points

 

Asia Strategic Income Fund

   $ 75,848       $ 0       $ 75,848         0.14

Asia Credit Opportunities Fund1

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asian Growth and Income Fund

   $ 6,478,164       $ 0       $ 6,478,164         0.14

Asia Dividend Fund

   $ 7,517,452       $ 0       $ 7,517,452         0.14

China Dividend Fund

   $ 171,733       $ 0       $ 171,733         0.14

Asia Value Fund2

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Asia Focus Fund4

   $ 6,987       $ 0       $ 6,987         0.14

Asia Growth Fund

   $ 914,193       $ 0       $ 914,193         0.14

Pacific Tiger Fund

   $ 10,524,900       $ 0       $ 10,524,900         0.14

Asia ESG Fund3

     N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A   

Emerging Asia Fund5

   $ 29,438       $ 0       $ 29,438         0.14

China Fund

   $ 2,384,174       $ 0       $ 2,384,174         0.14

India Fund

   $ 761,349       $ 0       $ 761,349         0.14

Japan Fund

   $ 356,445       $ 0       $ 356,445         0.14

Korea Fund

   $ 205,601       $ 0       $ 205,601         0.14

Asia Small Companies Fund

   $ 591,947       $ 0       $ 591,947         0.14

China Small Companies Fund

   $ 27,674       $ 0       $ 27,674         0.14

Asia Science and Technology Fund

   $ 196,828       $ 0       $ 196,828         0.14

 

1  The Matthews Asia Credit Opportunities Fund is expected to commence operations on [April 29, 2016].
2  The Matthews Asia Value Fund commenced operations on November 30, 2015.
3  The Matthews Asia ESG Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2015.
4  The Matthews Asia Focus Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2013.
5  The Matthews Emerging Asia Fund commenced operations on April 30, 2013.

 

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Transfer Agent

BNY Mellon is currently located at 760 Moore Road, King of Prussia, PA 19406 and provides transfer agency and dividend disbursing agent services for the Funds. As part of these services, BNY Mellon maintains records pertaining to the sale, redemption and transfer of each Fund’s shares and distributes each Fund’s cash distributions to shareholders.

Custodian

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., 40 Water Street, Boston, MA 02109, is the custodian of the Trust’s assets pursuant to a custodian agreement. Under the custodian agreement, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (i) maintains a separate account or accounts in the name of each Fund, (ii) holds and transfers portfolio securities on account of each Fund, (iii) accepts receipts and makes disbursements of money on behalf of each Fund, (iv) collects and receives all income and other payments and distributions on account of each Fund’s securities, and (v) makes periodic reports to the Board of Trustees concerning each Fund’s operations.

Counsel to the Trust

Paul Hastings LLP, 55 Second Street, 24th Floor, San Francisco, CA 94105, serves as counsel to the Trust.

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

[                        ], LLP, Three Embarcadero Center, San Francisco, CA 94111, serves as the independent registered public accounting firm of the Trust. The firm provides audit services and assistance and consultation with respect to regulatory filings with the SEC. The books of each Fund will be audited at least once each year by [                    ], LLP.

Brokerage Allocation and Other Practices

Matthews is responsible for effecting portfolio transactions and will do so in a manner deemed fair and reasonable to the Funds. The primary consideration in all portfolio transactions will be seeking the best execution of the transaction taking into account the net proceeds of the transaction as well as qualitative factors.

In selecting and monitoring broker-dealers and negotiating commissions, Matthews may consider a number of factors, including, for example, net price, reputation, financial strength and stability, efficiency of execution and error resolution, block trading and block positioning capabilities, willingness to execute related or unrelated difficult transactions in the future and other matters involved in the receipt of brokerage services generally.

Matthews may also purchase from a broker or allow a broker to pay for certain execution-related and research services, including economic and market information, portfolio strategy advice, industry and company comments, technical data, recommendations, general reports, consultations, performance measurement data, on-line pricing and news services. The Funds do not engage in “directed brokerage,” or the compensation of a broker-dealer for promoting or selling the Funds’ shares by directing portfolio securities transactions to that broker or dealer.

Matthews may cause the Funds to pay a brokerage commission in excess of that which another broker-dealer might charge for effecting the same transaction in recognition of the value of these execution-related and research services. In such a case, however, Matthews will determine in good faith that such commission is reasonable in relation to the value of brokerage and research provided by such broker-dealer, viewed in terms of either the specific transaction or Matthews’ overall responsibilities to the portfolios over which Matthews exercises investment authority. Research services furnished by brokers through whom Matthews intends to effect securities transactions may be used in servicing all of Matthews’ accounts; not all of such services may be used by Matthews in connection with accounts that paid commissions to the broker providing such services. In conducting all of its soft dollar relationships, Matthews will seek to take advantage of the safe harbor provided by Section 28(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Matthews will attempt to allocate portfolio transactions among the Funds and other accounts on a fair basis whenever concurrent decisions are made to purchase or sell securities by the Funds and other accounts. In making such allocations between the Funds