10-Q 1 d449446d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended: August 31, 2017

Or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from:                      To:                     

Commission File Number: 000-23996

 

 

SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Oregon   93-1151989

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

  (IRS Employer Identification Number)

2765 NW Nicolai Street, Portland, Oregon 97210-1818

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(503) 227-7908

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its Corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

The number of shares of each class of common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2017

 

Common stock, no par value

     2,995,910  

 

 

 


Table of Contents

SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

 

          Page  

Part I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements:

  
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets:

– August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017 (unaudited)

     3  
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss:

– For the Three Months Ended August 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)

     4  
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:

For the Three Months Ended August 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)

     5  
  

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity:

– For the Three Months Ended August 31, 2017 (unaudited)

     6  
  

Notes to Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

     7  

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     13  

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     15  

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     16  

Part II – OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     17  

Signatures

     18  

Certifications

  

 

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Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     August 31, 2017     May 31, 2017  

ASSETS

 

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 529,363     $ 867,607  

Accounts receivable, net

     2,086,015       2,344,373  

Inventories

     4,544,943       4,204,723  

Prepaid expenses

     129,978       115,756  

Income taxes receivable

     3,082       7,310  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     7,293,381       7,539,769  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

     846,198       865,224  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other assets

    

Intangible assets, net

     575,205       601,351  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 8,714,784     $ 9,006,344  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 1,055,690     $ 1,101,066  

Accrued commissions

     303,114       300,234  

Accrued payroll liabilities

     217,385       360,239  

Other accrued liabilities

     288,663       267,418  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     1,864,852       2,028,957  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock, no par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, 2,995,910 shares issued and outstanding at August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017

     10,670,654       10,649,287  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (442,296     (427,572

Accumulated deficit

     (3,378,426     (3,244,328
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     6,849,932       6,977,387  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 8,714,784     $ 9,006,344  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED AUGUST 31, 2017 AND 2016

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
August 31,
 
     2017     2016  

Net sales

   $ 3,083,648     $ 2,892,532  

Cost of sales

     1,678,129       1,516,783  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     1,399,519       1,375,749  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

    

General, administration and sales

     1,468,344       1,412,669  

Research and development

     76,457       78,847  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     1,544,801       1,491,516  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating loss

     (145,282     (115,767

Other income (expense), net

     17,543       (1,833
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (127,739     (117,600

Provision for income taxes

     6,359       8,029  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (134,098   $ (125,629
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss per common share:

    

Basic

   $ (0.04   $ (0.04
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares, basic

     2,995,910       2,995,910  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ (0.04   $ (0.04
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares, diluted

     2,995,910       2,995,910  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

    

Net loss

   $ (134,098   $ (125,629

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     (14,724     (44,517
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss

   $ (148,822   $ (170,146
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED AUGUST 31, 2017 AND 2016

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
August 31,
 
     2017     2016  

Cash flows relating to operating activities

    

Net loss

   $ (134,098   $ (125,629

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     52,750       54,147  

Gain on disposal of property and equipment

     0       (17,509

Stock based compensation

     21,367       9,438  

(Increase) decrease in:

    

Accounts receivable

     258,280       158,886  

Inventories

     (339,884     63,793  

Prepaid expenses

     (14,150     19,635  

Income taxes receivable

     4,228       2,326  

Increase (decrease) in:

    

Accounts payable

     (45,308     (161,133

Accrued liabilities and customer deposits

     (118,566     27,328  

Income taxes payable

     0       0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (315,381     31,282  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows relating to investing activities

    

Purchases of property and equipment

     (7,578     (44,587

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment

     0       20,085  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (7,578     (24,502
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange translation on cash

     (15,285     6,692  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (338,244     13,472  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     867,607       988,686  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 529,363     $ 1,002,158  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

    

Cash paid during the period for income taxes

   $ 2,131     $ 5,703  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for interest

   $ 413     $ 568  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED AUGUST 31, 2017

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Shares      Amount      Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss
    Accumulated
deficit
    Total  

Balance, May 31, 2017

     2,995,910      $ 10,649,287      $ (427,572   $ (3,244,328   $ 6,977,387  

Stock-based compensation

     0        21,367        0       0       21,367  

Net loss

     0        0        0       (134,098     (134,098

Other comprehensive loss

     0        0        (14,724     0       (14,724
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2017

     2,995,910      $ 10,670,654      $ (442,296   $ (3,378,426   $ 6,849,932  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial information included herein has been prepared by Schmitt Industries, Inc. (the Company or Schmitt) and its wholly owned subsidiaries. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and contain all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly its financial position as of August 31, 2017 and its results of operations and its cash flows for the periods presented. The consolidated balance sheet at May 31, 2017 has been derived from the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017. The accompanying unaudited financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017. Operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be experienced for the fiscal year ending May 31, 2018.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue for sales and billing for freight charges upon delivery of the product to the customer at a fixed and determinable price with a reasonable assurance of collection, passage of title to the customer as indicated by shipping terms and fulfilment of all significant obligations, pursuant to the guidance provided by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 605. For sales to all customers, including manufacturer representatives, distributors or their third-party customers, these criteria are met at the time product is shipped. When other significant obligations remain after products are delivered, revenue is recognized only after such obligations are fulfilled. In addition, judgments are required in evaluating the credit worthiness of our customers. Credit is not extended to customers and revenue is not recognized until we have determined that collectability is reasonably assured. The Company estimates customer product returns based on historical return patterns and reduces sales and cost of sales accordingly.

Financial Instruments

The carrying value of all other financial instruments potentially subject to valuation risk (principally consisting of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable) also approximates fair value because of their short-term maturities.

Accounts Receivable

The Company maintains credit limits for all customers based upon several factors, including but not limited to financial condition and stability, payment history, published credit reports and use of credit references. Management performs various analyses to evaluate accounts receivable balances to ensure recorded amounts reflect estimated net realizable value. This review includes using accounts receivable agings, other operating trends and relevant business conditions, including general economic factors, as they relate to each of the Company’s domestic and international customers. If these analyses lead management to the conclusion that potential significant accounts are uncollectible, a reserve is provided. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $81,388 and $32,572 as of August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017, respectively.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market with cost determined on the average cost basis. Costs included in inventories consist of materials, labor and manufacturing overhead, which are related to the purchase or production of inventories. Write-downs, when required, are made to reduce excess inventories to their net realizable values. Such estimates are based on assumptions regarding future demand and market conditions. If actual conditions become less favorable than the assumptions used, an additional inventory write-down may be required. As of August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017, inventories consisted of:

 

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     August 31, 2017      May 31, 2017  

Raw materials

   $ 2,112,384      $ 1,773,368  

Work-in-process

     1,039,629        937,878  

Finished goods

     1,392,930        1,493,477  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 4,544,943      $ 4,204,723  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of three to seven years for furniture, fixtures and equipment; three years for vehicles; and twenty-five years for buildings and improvements. As of August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017, property and equipment consisted of:

 

     August 31, 2017      May 31, 2017  

Land

   $ 299,000      $ 299,000  

Buildings and improvements

     1,814,524        1,814,524  

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     1,253,940        1,246,346  

Vehicles

     44,704        44,704  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     3,412,168        3,404,574  

Less accumulated depreciation

     (2,565,970      (2,539,350
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 846,198      $ 865,224  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” ASU 2014-09 affects any entity using U.S. GAAP that either enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of nonfinancial assets unless those contracts are within the scope of other standards (e.g., insurance contracts or lease contracts). In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year. The new guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted as of the date of the original effective date, for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of ASU 2014-09 and the potential impact on its consolidated financial statements. To date, the Company has examined its current revenue streams and does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on revenue recognition patterns as compared to revenue recognition under existing guidance, as the Company expects that revenues generated will continue to be recognized upon the shipment of products to customers. The Company will continue to evaluate the impacts of the provisions of ASU 2014-09 through the date of adoption to ensure that preliminary conclusions continue to remain accurate. Additionally, the Company is assessing ASU 2014-09’s impact on its consolidated financial statement disclosures and currently expects to adopt ASU 2014-09 on June 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method.

NOTE 2: STOCK OPTIONS AND STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

Stock-based compensation includes expense charges for all stock-based awards to employees and directors granted under the Company’s stock option plan. Stock-based compensation recognized during the period is based on the portion of the grant date fair value of the stock-based award that will vest during the period, adjusted for expected forfeitures. Compensation cost for all stock-based awards is recognized using the straight-line method. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model as its method of valuation for stock-based awards. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, and other reasonable assumptions could provide differing results. These variables include, but are not limited to:

 

    Risk-Free Interest Rate. The Company bases the risk-free interest rate on the implied yield currently available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent remaining term approximately equal to the expected life of the award.

 

    Expected Life. The expected life of awards granted represents the period of time that they are expected to be outstanding. The Company determines the expected life based on historical experience with similar awards, giving consideration to the contractual terms, vesting schedules and pre-vesting and post-vesting forfeitures.

 

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    Expected Volatility. The Company estimates the volatility of its common stock at the date of grant based on the historical volatility of its common stock. The volatility factor the Company uses is based on its historical stock prices over the most recent period commensurate with the estimated expected life of the award. These historical periods may exclude portions of time when unusual transactions occurred.

 

    Expected Dividend Yield. The Company does not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, the Company uses an expected dividend yield of 0.

 

    Expected Forfeitures. The Company uses relevant historical data to estimate pre-vesting option forfeitures. The Company records stock-based compensation only for those awards that are expected to vest.

To determine stock-based compensation expense recognized for those options granted during the three months ended August 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company has computed the value of all stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. No options were issued during the three months ended August 31, 2017 and 2016.

At August 31, 2017, the Company had a total of 360,000 outstanding stock options (200,830 vested and exercisable and 159,170 non-vested) with a weighted average exercise price of $2.28. The Company estimates that $69,643 will be recorded as additional stock-based compensation expense over a weighted-average period of 1.2 years for all options that were outstanding as of August 31, 2017, but which were not yet vested.

 

    Outstanding Options      Exercisable Options         
    Number of
Shares
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (yrs)
     Number
of Shares
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
        
    212,500      $ 1.70        9.6        70,830      $ 1.70     
      15,000        2.53        6.1        15,000        2.53     
      77,500        2.85        6.6        60,000        2.85     
      55,000        3.65        3.8        55,000        3.65     
 

 

 

          

 

 

       
    360,000        2.28        7.9        200,830        2.64     
 

 

 

          

 

 

       

Options granted, exercised, and forfeited or canceled under the Company’s stock option plan during the three months ended August 31, 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
August 31, 2017
 
     Number
of Shares
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 

Options outstanding – beginning of period

     360,000      $ 2.28  

Options granted

     0        0  

Options exercised

     0        0  

Options forfeited/canceled

     0        0  
  

 

 

    

Options outstanding – end of period

     360,000        2.28  
  

 

 

    

 

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NOTE 3: EPS RECONCILIATION

 

     Three Months Ended
August 31,
 
     2017      2016  

Weighted average shares (basic)

     2,995,910        2,995,910  

Effect of dilutive stock options

     0        0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares (diluted)

     2,995,910        2,995,910  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, adjusted for dilutive incremental shares attributed to outstanding options to purchase common stock. Common stock equivalents for stock options are computed using the treasury stock method. In periods in which a net loss is incurred, no common stock equivalents are included since they are antidilutive and as such all stock options outstanding are excluded from the computation of diluted net loss in those periods.

NOTE 4: INCOME TAXES

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. This approach requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management continues to review the level of the valuation allowance on a quarterly basis. There can be no assurance that the Company’s future operations will produce sufficient earnings to that the deferred tax asset can be fully utilized. The Company currently maintains a full valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets.

Each year the Company files income tax returns in the various national, state and local income taxing jurisdictions in which it operates. These tax returns are subject to examination and possible challenge by the taxing authorities. Positions challenged by the taxing authorities may be settled or appealed by the Company. As a result, there is an uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the Company’s financial statements in accordance with ASC Topic 740. The Company applies this guidance by defining criteria that an individual income tax position must meet for any part of the benefit of that position to be recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and provides guidance on measurement, de-recognition, classification, accounting for interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition.

Other long-term liabilities related to tax contingencies were $0 as of both August 31, 2017 and May 31, 2017. Interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions are recognized as components of the “Provision for income taxes.” The liability for payment of interest and penalties was $0 as of August 31 2017 and May 31, 2017.

Several tax years are subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions. In the United States, federal tax years ended May 31, 2014 and after are subject to examination. In the United Kingdom, tax years ended May 31, 2012 and after are subject to examination. In Canada, tax years after May 31, 2014 and after are subject to examination.

Effective Tax Rate

The effective tax rate on consolidated net loss was 5.0% for the three months ended August 31, 2017. The effective tax rate on consolidated net loss differs from the federal statutory tax rate primarily due to changes in the deferred tax valuation allowance and certain expenses not being deductible for income tax reporting purposes. Management believes the effective tax rate for Fiscal 2018 will be approximately 5.2% due to the items noted above.

 

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NOTE 5: SEGMENTS OF BUSINESS

The Company has two reportable business segments: dynamic balancing and process control systems for the machine tool industry (Balancer) and laser-based test and measurement systems and ultrasonic measurement products (Measurement). The Company operates in three principal geographic markets: North America, Europe and Asia.

Segment Information

 

     Three Months Ended August 31,  
     2017      2016  
     Balancer      Measurement      Balancer      Measurement  

Gross sales

   $ 2,445,486      $ 1,013,251      $ 1,828,050      $ 1,344,054  

Intercompany sales

     (375,089      —          (267,174      (12,398
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net sales

   $ 2,070,397      $ 1,013,251      $ 1,560,876      $ 1,331,656  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ (211,780    $ 66,498      $ (212,839    $ 97,072  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation expense

   $ 16,982      $ 9,622      $ 16,787      $ 9,477  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense

   $ 0      $ 26,146      $ 0      $ 27,883  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

   $ 7,578      $ 0      $ 44,587      $ 0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Geographic Information – Net Sales by Geographic Area

 

     Three Months Ended August 31,  
     2017      2016  

North America

   $ 1,791,101      $ 1,954,362  

Europe

     517,863        323,412  

Asia

     749,422        498,620  

Other markets

     25,262        116,138  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 3,083,648      $ 2,892,532  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Three Months Ended August 31,  
     2017      2016  
     United States      Europe      United States      Europe  

Operating income (loss)

   $ (215,465      70,183      $ (94,165      (21,602
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation expense

   $ 26,604      $ 0      $ 26,264      $ 0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense

   $ 26,146      $ 0      $ 27,883      $ 0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

   $ 7,578      $ 0      $ 44,587      $ 0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note – – Europe is defined as the European subsidiary, Schmitt Europe, Ltd.

 

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Segment and Geographic Assets

 

     August 31, 2017      May 31, 2017  

Segment assets to total assets

     

Balancer

   $ 4,917,524      $ 4,791,100  

Measurement

     3,264,815        3,340,327  

Corporate assets

     532,445        874,917  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 8,714,784      $ 9,006,344  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Geographic assets to long-lived assets

     

United States

   $ 846,198      $ 865,224  

Europe

     0        0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total long-lived assets

   $ 846,198      $ 865,224  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Geographic assets to total assets

     

United States

   $ 7,739,482      $ 8,149,507  

Europe

     975,302        856,837  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 8,714,784      $ 9,006,344  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report filed with the SEC on Form 10-Q (the “Report”), including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Item 2, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding future events and the future results of Schmitt Industries, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (the “Company”) that are based on management’s current expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions about the Company’s business. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “sees,” “estimates” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements due to numerous factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in the “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Report as well as those discussed from time to time in the Company’s other Securities and Exchange Commission filings and reports. In addition, such statements could be affected by general industry and market conditions. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Report or, in the case of any document incorporated by reference, the date of that document, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report. If we update or correct one or more forward-looking statements, investors and others should not conclude that we will make additional updates or corrections with respect to other forward-looking statements.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

Schmitt Industries, Inc. designs, manufactures and markets computer-controlled vibration detection, balancing and process control equipment (the Balancer segment) to the worldwide machine tool industry and through its wholly owned subsidiary, Schmitt Measurement Systems, Inc., designs, manufactures and markets precision laser-based surface measurement products, laser-based distance measurement products and ultrasonic measurement systems (the Measurement segment) for a variety of industrial applications worldwide. The Company sells and markets its products in Europe through its wholly owned subsidiary, Schmitt Europe Ltd. (SEL), located in the United Kingdom. The Company is organized into two operating segments: the Balancer segment and the Measurement segment. The accompanying unaudited financial information should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017.

“SBS,” “SMS,” “Acuity,” “Xact”, “Lasercheck” and “AccuProfile” are registered trademarks owned by the Company.

For the three months ended August 31, 2017, total sales increased $191,116, or 6.6%, to $3,083,648 from $2,892,532 in the three months ended August 31, 2016. Balancer segment sales focus throughout the world on end-users, rebuilders and original equipment manufacturers of grinding machines with the target geographic markets in North America, Asia and Europe. Balancer segment sales increased $509,521, or 32.6%, to $2,070,397 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 compared to $1,560,876 for the three months ended August 31, 2016, primarily due to stronger sales in all three of our target markets – Europe, Asia and North America. The Measurement segment product line consists of laser-based light-scatter, distance measurement and dimensional sizing products and ultrasonic-based remote tank monitoring products for propane and diesel tanks. Total Measurement segment sales decreased $318,405, or 23.9%, to $1,013,251 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 compared to $1,331,656 for the three months ended August 31, 2016, primarily due to decreases in sales in both the Xact and Acuity product lines in addition to the impact on sales associated with the phase out of the SMS and Lasercheck product lines.

Operating expenses increased $53,285, or 3.6%, to $1,544,801 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to $1,491,516 for the three months ended August 31, 2016. General, administrative and selling expenses increased $55,675, or 3.9%, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Research and development expenses decreased $2,390, or 3.0%, to $76,457 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 from $78,847 for the three months ended August 31, 2016.

Net loss was $134,098, or $(0.04) per fully diluted share, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to net loss of $125,629, or $(0.04) per fully diluted share, for the three months ended August 31, 2016.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies

There were no material changes in our critical accounting policies as disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended May 31, 2017.

Discussion of Operating Results

 

     Three Months Ended August 31,  
     2017     2016  

Balancer sales

   $ 2,070,397        67.1   $ 1,560,876        54.0

Measurement sales

     1,013,251        32.9     1,331,656        46.0
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Total sales

     3,083,648        100.0     2,892,532        100.0

Cost of sales

     1,684,129        54.6     1,516,783        52.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Gross profit

     1,399,519        45.4     1,375,749        47.6
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Operating expenses:

          

General, administration and sales

     1,468,344        47.6     1,412,669        48.8

Research and development

     76,457        2.5     78,847        2.7
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Total operating expenses

     1,544,801        50.1     1,491,516        51.6
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Operating loss

     (145,282      (4.7 )%      (115,767      (4.0 )% 

Other income (expense), net

     17,543        0.6     (1,833      (0.1 )% 
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Loss before income taxes

     (127,739      (4.1 )%      (117,600      (4.1 )% 

Provision for income taxes

     6,359        0.2     8,029        0.3
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Net loss

   $ (134,098      (4.3 )%    $ (125,629      (4.3 )% 
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Sales – Sales in the Balancer segment increased $509,521, or 32.6%, to $2,070,397 for the three months ended

August 31, 2017 compared to $1,560,876 for the three months ended August 31, 2016. This increase is primarily attributed to stronger sales in all three of our target markets – Europe, Asia and North America. European sales increased $203,055, or 82.8%, in the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 compared to the first quarter of Fiscal 2017. Sales into Asia increased $304,739, or 68.9%, and North America sales increased $47,034, or 5.9%, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to the three months ended August 31, 2016. These increases were offset by a decrease in sales in other regions of the world of $45,307, or 64.2%, in the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 as compared to the same quarter in the prior year.

Sales in the Measurement segment decreased $318,405, or 23.9%, to $1,013,251 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 compared to $1,331,656 for the three months ended August 31, 2016. Sales of Xact remote tank monitoring products and related revenues from monitoring services decreased $179,772, or 29.8%, during the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Sales of our Acuity laser-based distance measurement and dimensional-sizing products decreased $48,337, or 7.7%, in the quarter ended August 31, 2017 as compared to the same quarter in the prior year. During FY2017, the Company made the decision to no longer focus on and eventually phase out the SMS and Lasercheck product lines. As a result, sales of our SMS laser-based surface measurement products decreased by $72,888, or 100.0%, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to the same period in the prior year and sales of our Lasercheck products decreased $17,408, or 69.5%, during the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 as compared to the same period in the prior year.

Gross margin – Gross margin for the three months ended August 31, 2017 decreased to 45.4% as compared to 47.6% for the three months ended August 31, 2016. The fluctuations in gross margin in the three months period ended August 31, 2017 compared to the same three month period in the prior fiscal year is primarily influenced by shifts in the product sales mix involving our three main product lines.

Operating expenses – Operating expenses increased $53,285, or 3.6%, to $1,544,801 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to $1,491,516 for the three months ended August 31, 2016. General, administrative and selling

 

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expenses increased $55,675, or 3.9%, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to an increase in professional fees and other administrative expenses offset, in part, by a reduction in sales commissions, sales-related travel and trade show costs.

Other income – Other income consists of interest income (expense), foreign currency exchange gain (loss) and other income (expense). Interest income (expense), net was $97 and $(356) for the three months ended August 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Foreign currency exchange gains (losses) were $17,441 and $(18,999) for the three months ended August 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The shifts in the foreign currency exchange are related to fluctuations of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar during the current period. Other income (expense) was $5 for the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 as compared to $17,522 for the same period in the prior year.

Income taxes – The Company’s effective tax rate on consolidated net loss was 5.0% for the three months ended August 31, 2017. The effective tax rate on consolidated net loss differs from the federal statutory tax rate primarily due to the amount of income from foreign jurisdictions, changes in the deferred tax valuation allowance and certain expenses not being deductible for income tax reporting purposes. Management believes the effective tax rate for Fiscal 2018 will be approximately 5.2% due to the items noted above.

Net income (loss) – Net loss was $134,098, or $(0.04) per diluted share, for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to a net loss was $125,629, or $(0.04) per diluted share, for the three months ended August 31, 2016. The changes in the net loss in the first quarter of Fiscal 2018 is related to increases in operating expenses as compared to the related period in the prior year offset by changes in foreign currency gains/losses in the respective periods.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The Company’s working capital decreased to $5,428,529 as of August 31, 2017 as compared to $5,510,812 as of May 31, 2017. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $338,244 to $529,363 as of August 31, 2017 from $867,607 as of May 31, 2017.

Cash used in operating activities totaled $315,381 for the three months ended August 31, 2017 as compared to cash provided by operating activities of $31,282 for the three months ended August 31, 2016. The change in cash provided by (used in) operating activities was primarily impacted by changes in accounts receivable, inventories and accounts payable and other accrued liabilities, with the result of the changes directly related to the timing of receipts and payments and the management of our inventory levels.

At August 31, 2017, the Company had accounts receivable of $2,086,015 as compared to $2,344,373 at May 31, 2017. The decrease in accounts receivable of $258,358 was due to timing of receipts. Inventories increased $340,220 to $4,544,943 as of August 31, 2017 as compared to $4,204,723 at May 31, 2017, which is due primarily to the timing of purchases across our three main product lines. At August 31, 2017, total current liabilities decreased $164,105 to $1,864,52 as compared to $2,028,957 at May 31, 2017. The decrease in accounts payable and other accrued expenses is primarily due to the timing of payments to our vendors and decreases in payroll related liabilities.

We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents combined with the cash we anticipate to generate from operating activities will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for the foreseeable future. We do not have any significant commitments nor are we aware of any significant events or conditions that are likely to have a material impact on our liquidity or capital resources.

Risk Factors

Please refer to the risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017 for a listing of factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of the Company.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

There have been no material changes from the information previously reported under Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017.

 

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of August 31, 2017, the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Based on the evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this Report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s Exchange Act reports is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner, and (2) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives, and management necessarily is required to use its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended August 31, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, such internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit    Description
    3.1    Second Restated Articles of Incorporation of Schmitt Industries, Inc. [Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 1999, Exhibit 3(i)].
    3.2    Second Restated Bylaws of Schmitt Industries, Inc. [Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 1999, Exhibit 3(ii)].
    4.1    See Exhibits 3.1 and 3.2 for provisions of the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws defining the rights of security holders.
  31.1    Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31.2    Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.1    Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

   

SCHMITT INDUSTRIES, INC.

                (Registrant)

Date: October 13, 2017     /s/ Ann M. Ferguson
    Ann M. Ferguson, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

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