10-Q 1 so_10qx6302015.htm 10-Q SO_10Q_6.30.2015
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
 
FORM 10-Q
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
OR
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from           to            
 
Commission
File Number
 
Registrant, State of Incorporation,
Address and Telephone Number
 
I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.
1-3526
 
The Southern Company
(A Delaware Corporation)
30 Ivan Allen Jr. Boulevard, N.W.
Atlanta, Georgia 30308
(404) 506-5000
 
58-0690070
 
 
 
 
 
1-3164
 
Alabama Power Company
(An Alabama Corporation)
600 North 18th Street
Birmingham, Alabama 35203
(205) 257-1000
 
63-0004250
 
 
 
 
 
1-6468
 
Georgia Power Company
(A Georgia Corporation)
241 Ralph McGill Boulevard, N.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30308
(404) 506-6526
 
58-0257110
 
 
 
 
 
001-31737
 
Gulf Power Company
(A Florida Corporation)
One Energy Place
Pensacola, Florida 32520
(850) 444-6111
 
59-0276810
 
 
 
 
 
001-11229
 
Mississippi Power Company
(A Mississippi Corporation)
2992 West Beach Boulevard
Gulfport, Mississippi 39501
(228) 864-1211
 
64-0205820
 
 
 
 
 
333-98553
 
Southern Power Company
(A Delaware Corporation)
30 Ivan Allen Jr. Boulevard, N.W.
Atlanta, Georgia 30308
(404) 506-5000
 
58-2598670




Indicate by check mark whether the registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrants were required to file such reports), and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrants have submitted electronically and posted on their corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrants were required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Registrant
 
Large
Accelerated
Filer
 
Accelerated
Filer
 
Non-
accelerated
Filer
 
Smaller
Reporting
Company
The Southern Company
 
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alabama Power Company
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
Georgia Power Company
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
Gulf Power Company
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
Mississippi Power Company
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
Southern Power Company
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No þ (Response applicable to all registrants.)
 
Registrant
 
Description of
Common Stock
 
Shares Outstanding at June 30, 2015

The Southern Company
 
Par Value $5 Per Share
 
908,424,808

Alabama Power Company
 
Par Value $40 Per Share
 
30,537,500

Georgia Power Company
 
Without Par Value
 
9,261,500

Gulf Power Company
 
Without Par Value
 
5,642,717

Mississippi Power Company
 
Without Par Value
 
1,121,000

Southern Power Company
 
Par Value $0.01 Per Share
 
1,000

This combined Form 10-Q is separately filed by The Southern Company, Alabama Power Company, Georgia Power Company, Gulf Power Company, Mississippi Power Company, and Southern Power Company. Information contained herein relating to any individual registrant is filed by such registrant on its own behalf. Each registrant makes no representation as to information relating to the other registrants.

2

INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
June 30, 2015


 
 
Page
Number
 
 
 
 
PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
Item 4.

3

INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
June 30, 2015


 
 
Page
Number
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Inapplicable
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
Inapplicable
Item 5.
Other Information
Inapplicable
Item 6.
 


4


DEFINITIONS
 
Term
Meaning
 
 
2012 MPSC CPCN Order
A detailed order issued by the Mississippi PSC in April 2012 confirming the CPCN originally approved by the Mississippi PSC in 2010 authorizing the acquisition, construction, and operation of the Kemper IGCC
2013 ARP
Alternative Rate Plan approved by the Georgia PSC for Georgia Power for the years 2014 through 2016
AFUDC
Allowance for funds used during construction
Alabama Power
Alabama Power Company
ASC
Accounting Standards Codification
Baseload Act
State of Mississippi legislation designed to enhance the Mississippi PSC's authority to facilitate development and construction of baseload generation in the State of Mississippi
CCR
Coal combustion residuals
Clean Air Act
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
Contractor
Westinghouse and CB&I Stone & Webster, Inc. (formerly known as Stone & Webster, Inc.), a subsidiary of The Shaw Group Inc., which was acquired by Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
CO2
Carbon dioxide
CPCN
Certificate of public convenience and necessity
CWIP
Construction work in progress
DOE
U.S. Department of Energy
ECO Plan
Mississippi Power's Environmental Compliance Overview Plan
Eligible Project Costs
Certain costs of construction relating to Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 that are eligible for financing under the Title XVII Loan Guarantee Program
EPA
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FERC
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFB
Federal Financing Bank
Fitch
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
Form 10-K
Combined Annual Report on Form 10-K of Southern Company, Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, Mississippi Power, and Southern Power for the year ended December 31, 2014
GAAP
Generally accepted accounting principles
Georgia Power
Georgia Power Company
Gulf Power
Gulf Power Company
IGCC
Integrated coal gasification combined cycle
IIC
Intercompany interchange contract
Internal Revenue Code
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
IRS
Internal Revenue Service
ITC
Investment tax credit
Kemper IGCC
IGCC facility under construction in Kemper County, Mississippi
KWH
Kilowatt-hour
LIBOR
London Interbank Offered Rate
MATS rule
Mercury and Air Toxics Standards rule
Mirror CWIP
A regulatory liability account for use in mitigating future rate impacts for Mississippi Power customers
Mississippi Power
Mississippi Power Company
mmBtu
Million British thermal units
Moody's
Moody's Investors Service, Inc.
MW
Megawatt

5


DEFINITIONS
(continued)
Term
Meaning
 
 
NCCR
Georgia Power's Nuclear Construction Cost Recovery
NRC
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
OCI
Other comprehensive income
PEP
Mississippi Power's Performance Evaluation Plan
Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4
Two new nuclear generating units under construction at Plant Vogtle
power pool
The operating arrangement whereby the integrated generating resources of the traditional operating companies and Southern Power Company are subject to joint commitment and dispatch in order to serve their combined load obligations
PPA
Power purchase agreement
PSC
Public Service Commission
Rate CNP
Alabama Power's Rate Certificated New Plant
Rate CNP Compliance
Alabama Power's Rate Certificated New Plant Compliance
Rate CNP Environmental
Alabama Power's Rate Certificated New Plant Environmental
Rate CNP PPA
Alabama Power's Rate Certificated New Plant Power Purchase Agreement
registrants
Southern Company, Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, Mississippi Power, and Southern Power Company
ROE
Return on equity
S&P
Standard and Poor's Ratings Services, a division of The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.
scrubber
Flue gas desulfurization system
SEC
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
SMEPA
South Mississippi Electric Power Association
Southern Company
The Southern Company
Southern Company system
Southern Company, the traditional operating companies, Southern Power, Southern Electric Generating Company, Southern Nuclear, Southern Company Services, Inc. (the Southern Company system service company), Southern Communications Services, Inc., and other subsidiaries
Southern Nuclear
Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc.
Southern Power
Southern Power Company and its subsidiaries
traditional operating companies
Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, and Mississippi Power
Vogtle Owners
Georgia Power, Oglethorpe Power Corporation, the Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia, and the City of Dalton, Georgia, an incorporated municipality in the State of Georgia acting by and through its Board of Water, Light, and Sinking Fund Commissioners
Westinghouse
Westinghouse Electric Company LLC


6


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements concerning retail rates, the strategic goals for the wholesale business, economic recovery, fuel and environmental cost recovery and other rate actions, current and proposed environmental regulations and related compliance plans and estimated expenditures, access to sources of capital, projections for the qualified pension plan, postretirement benefit plan, and nuclear decommissioning trust fund contributions, financing activities, completion dates of acquisitions, construction projects, and changing fuel sources, filings with state and federal regulatory authorities, estimated sales and purchases under power sale and purchase agreements, and estimated construction and other plans and expenditures. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as "may," "will," "could," "should," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "projects," "predicts," "potential," or "continue" or the negative of these terms or other similar terminology. There are various factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements; accordingly, there can be no assurance that such indicated results will be realized. These factors include:

the impact of recent and future federal and state regulatory changes, including legislative and regulatory initiatives regarding deregulation and restructuring of the electric utility industry, environmental laws including regulation of water, CCR, and emissions of sulfur, nitrogen, CO2, soot, particulate matter, hazardous air pollutants, including mercury, and other substances, and also changes in tax and other laws and regulations to which Southern Company and its subsidiaries are subject, as well as changes in application of existing laws and regulations;
current and future litigation, regulatory investigations, proceedings, or inquiries, including pending EPA civil actions against certain Southern Company subsidiaries, FERC matters, and IRS and state tax audits;
the effects, extent, and timing of the entry of additional competition in the markets in which Southern Company's subsidiaries operate;
variations in demand for electricity, including those relating to weather, the general economy and recovery from the last recession, population and business growth (and declines), the effects of energy conservation and efficiency measures, including from the development and deployment of alternative energy sources such as self-generation and distributed generation technologies, and any potential economic impacts resulting from federal fiscal decisions;
available sources and costs of fuels;
effects of inflation;
the ability to control costs and avoid cost overruns during the development and construction of facilities, which include the development and construction of generating facilities with designs that have not been finalized or previously constructed, including changes in labor costs and productivity, adverse weather conditions, shortages and inconsistent quality of equipment, materials, and labor, contractor or supplier delay, non-performance under construction or other agreements, operational readiness, including specialized operator training and required site safety programs, unforeseen engineering or design problems, start-up activities (including major equipment failure and system integration), and/or operational performance (including additional costs to satisfy any operational parameters ultimately adopted by any PSC);
the ability to construct facilities in accordance with the requirements of permits and licenses, to satisfy any environmental performance standards and the requirements of tax credits and other incentives, and to integrate facilities into the Southern Company system upon completion of construction;
investment performance of Southern Company's employee and retiree benefit plans and the Southern Company system's nuclear decommissioning trust funds;
advances in technology;
state and federal rate regulations and the impact of pending and future rate cases and negotiations, including rate actions relating to fuel and other cost recovery mechanisms;
legal proceedings and regulatory approvals and actions related to Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4, including Georgia PSC approvals and NRC actions and related legal proceedings involving the commercial parties;
actions related to cost recovery for the Kemper IGCC, including actions relating to Mississippi PSC approval of a rate recovery plan, including Mississippi Power's request for interim rates, proposed securitization, the ability to utilize bonus depreciation, which currently requires that assets be placed in service in 2015, and satisfaction of requirements to utilize ITCs and grants;
the ultimate impact of the termination of the proposed sale of an interest in the Kemper IGCC to SMEPA;
Mississippi PSC review of the prudence of Kemper IGCC costs;


7


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
(continued)
the ultimate impact of the 2015 decision of the Mississippi Supreme Court, the Mississippi PSC's order implementing such decision, and any further related legal or regulatory proceedings;
the ability to successfully operate the electric utilities' generating, transmission, and distribution facilities and the successful performance of necessary corporate functions;
the inherent risks involved in operating and constructing nuclear generating facilities, including environmental, health, regulatory, natural disaster, terrorism, and financial risks;
the performance of projects undertaken by the non-utility businesses and the success of efforts to invest in and develop new opportunities;
internal restructuring or other restructuring options that may be pursued;
potential business strategies, including acquisitions or dispositions of assets or businesses, which cannot be assured to be completed or beneficial to Southern Company or its subsidiaries;
the ability of counterparties of Southern Company and its subsidiaries to make payments as and when due and to perform as required;
the ability to obtain new short- and long-term contracts with wholesale customers;
the direct or indirect effect on the Southern Company system's business resulting from cyber intrusion or terrorist incidents and the threat of terrorist incidents;
interest rate fluctuations and financial market conditions and the results of financing efforts;
changes in Southern Company's and any of its subsidiaries' credit ratings, including impacts on interest rates, access to capital markets, and collateral requirements;
the impacts of any sovereign financial issues, including impacts on interest rates, access to capital markets, impacts on currency exchange rates, counterparty performance, and the economy in general, as well as potential impacts on the benefits of the DOE loan guarantees;
the ability of Southern Company's subsidiaries to obtain additional generating capacity at competitive prices;
catastrophic events such as fires, earthquakes, explosions, floods, hurricanes and other storms, droughts, pandemic health events such as influenzas, or other similar occurrences;
the direct or indirect effects on the Southern Company system's business resulting from incidents affecting the U.S. electric grid or operation of generating resources;
the effect of accounting pronouncements issued periodically by standard-setting bodies; and
other factors discussed elsewhere herein and in other reports (including the Form 10-K) filed by the registrants from time to time with the SEC.
The registrants expressly disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements.


8


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY
AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES

9


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
Operating Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail revenues
$
3,714

 
$
3,770

 
$
7,256

 
$
7,628

Wholesale revenues
448

 
515

 
915

 
1,119

Other electric revenues
162

 
169

 
325

 
334

Other revenues
13

 
13

 
24

 
30

Total operating revenues
4,337

 
4,467

 
8,520

 
9,111

Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fuel
1,200

 
1,462

 
2,412

 
3,109

Purchased power
171

 
133

 
315

 
320

Other operations and maintenance
1,100

 
1,019

 
2,222

 
2,005

Depreciation and amortization
500

 
504

 
987

 
1,001

Taxes other than income taxes
245

 
246

 
497

 
493

Estimated loss on Kemper IGCC
23

 

 
32

 
380

Total operating expenses
3,239

 
3,364

 
6,465

 
7,308

Operating Income
1,098

 
1,103

 
2,055

 
1,803

Other Income and (Expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction
39

 
62

 
102

 
119

Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
(180
)
 
(210
)
 
(393
)
 
(416
)
Other income (expense), net
(12
)
 
(6
)
 
(19
)
 
(13
)
Total other income and (expense)
(153
)
 
(154
)
 
(310
)
 
(310
)
Earnings Before Income Taxes
945

 
949

 
1,745

 
1,493

Income taxes
302

 
321

 
576

 
497

Consolidated Net Income
643

 
628

 
1,169

 
996

Dividends on Preferred and Preference Stock of Subsidiaries
14

 
17

 
31

 
34

Consolidated Net Income After Dividends on Preferred and
   Preference Stock of Subsidiaries
$
629

 
$
611

 
$
1,138

 
$
962

Common Stock Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share (EPS) —
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic EPS
$
0.69

 
$
0.68

 
$
1.25

 
$
1.08

Diluted EPS
$
0.69

 
$
0.68

 
$
1.25

 
$
1.07

Average number of shares of common stock outstanding (in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
909

 
895

 
910

 
892

Diluted
912

 
899

 
914

 
896

Cash dividends paid per share of common stock
$
0.5425

 
$
0.5250

 
$
1.0675

 
$
1.0325

The accompanying notes as they relate to Southern Company are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


10


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
Consolidated Net Income
$
643

 
$
628

 
$
1,169

 
$
996

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qualifying hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in fair value, net of tax of $12, $-, $1, and $-, respectively
19

 

 
1

 

Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income,
net of tax of $1, $-, $2, and $2, respectively
2

 
1

 
3

 
2

Pension and other post retirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income,
net of tax of $1, $1, $2, and $1, respectively
1

 
1

 
3

 
2

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
22

 
2

 
7

 
4

Dividends on preferred and preference stock of subsidiaries
(14
)
 
(17
)
 
(31
)
 
(34
)
Comprehensive Income
$
651

 
$
613

 
$
1,145

 
$
966

The accompanying notes as they relate to Southern Company are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


11


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in millions)
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
$
1,169

 
$
996

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided from operating activities —
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization, total
1,171

 
1,182

Deferred income taxes
783

 
46

Allowance for equity funds used during construction
(102
)
 
(119
)
Stock based compensation expense
66

 
40

Estimated loss on Kemper IGCC
32

 
380

Income taxes receivable, non-current
(444
)
 

Other, net
(6
)
 
23

Changes in certain current assets and liabilities —
 
 
 
-Receivables
(158
)
 
(579
)
-Fossil fuel stock
136

 
419

-Materials and supplies
(21
)
 
(20
)
-Other current assets
(78
)
 
(88
)
-Accounts payable
(311
)
 
(231
)
-Accrued taxes
(60
)
 
72

-Accrued compensation
(269
)
 
(40
)
-Mirror CWIP
82

 
67

-Other current liabilities
117

 
(78
)
Net cash provided from operating activities
2,107

 
2,070

Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Property additions
(2,647
)
 
(2,692
)
Nuclear decommissioning trust fund purchases
(933
)
 
(445
)
Nuclear decommissioning trust fund sales
928

 
443

Cost of removal, net of salvage
(87
)
 
(54
)
Change in construction payables, net
56

 
89

Prepaid long-term service agreement
(110
)
 
(93
)
Other investing activities
27

 
(17
)
Net cash used for investing activities
(2,766
)
 
(2,769
)
Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Increase in notes payable, net
184

 
339

Proceeds —
 
 
 
Long-term debt issuances
3,075

 
1,314

Interest-bearing refundable deposit

 
75

Common stock issuances
116

 
318

Short-term borrowings
320

 

Redemptions and repurchases—
 
 
 
Long-term debt
(939
)
 
(431
)
Interest-bearing refundable deposits
(275
)
 

Preferred and preference stock
(412
)
 

Common stock
(115
)
 
(5
)
Short-term borrowings
(250
)
 

Payment of common stock dividends
(972
)
 
(920
)
Payment of dividends on preferred and preference stock of subsidiaries
(36
)
 
(34
)
Other financing activities
66

 
(33
)
Net cash provided from financing activities
762

 
623

Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
103

 
(76
)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
710

 
659

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
$
813

 
$
583

Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash paid (received) during the period for --
 
 
 
Interest (net of $57 and $47 capitalized for 2015 and 2014, respectively)
$
374

 
$
365

Income taxes, net
(16
)
 
212

Noncash transactions — Accrued property additions at end of period
345

 
509

The accompanying notes as they relate to Southern Company are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

12


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
 
Assets
 
At June 30,
2015
 
At December 31,
2014
 
 
(in millions)
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
813

 
$
710

Receivables —
 
 
 
 
Customer accounts receivable
 
1,312

 
1,090

Unbilled revenues
 
579

 
432

Under recovered regulatory clause revenues
 
173

 
136

Other accounts and notes receivable
 
209

 
307

Accumulated provision for uncollectible accounts
 
(17
)
 
(18
)
Fossil fuel stock, at average cost
 
795

 
930

Materials and supplies, at average cost
 
1,043

 
1,039

Vacation pay
 
177

 
177

Prepaid expenses
 
564

 
665

Deferred income taxes, current
 
499

 
506

Other regulatory assets, current
 
382

 
346

Other current assets
 
76

 
50

Total current assets
 
6,605

 
6,370

Property, Plant, and Equipment:
 
 
 
 
In service
 
71,462

 
70,013

Less accumulated depreciation
 
23,918

 
24,059

Plant in service, net of depreciation
 
47,544

 
45,954

Other utility plant, net
 
87

 
211

Nuclear fuel, at amortized cost
 
889

 
911

Construction work in progress
 
8,487

 
7,792

Total property, plant, and equipment
 
57,007

 
54,868

Other Property and Investments:
 
 
 
 
Nuclear decommissioning trusts, at fair value
 
1,572

 
1,546

Leveraged leases
 
751

 
743

Miscellaneous property and investments
 
232

 
203

Total other property and investments
 
2,555

 
2,492

Deferred Charges and Other Assets:
 
 
 
 
Deferred charges related to income taxes
 
1,533

 
1,510

Unamortized debt issuance expense
 
208

 
202

Unamortized loss on reacquired debt
 
234

 
243

Other regulatory assets, deferred
 
4,763

 
4,334

Income taxes receivable, non-current
 
444

 

Other deferred charges and assets
 
832

 
904

Total deferred charges and other assets
 
8,014

 
7,193

Total Assets
 
$
74,181

 
$
70,923

The accompanying notes as they relate to Southern Company are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


13


THE SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
At June 30,
2015
 
At December 31,
2014
 
 
(in millions)
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Securities due within one year
 
$
3,643

 
$
3,333

Interest-bearing refundable deposits
 

 
275

Notes payable
 
1,057

 
803

Accounts payable
 
1,395

 
1,593

Customer deposits
 
398

 
390

Accrued taxes —
 
 
 
 
Accrued income taxes
 
12

 
151

Other accrued taxes
 
391

 
487

Accrued interest
 
241

 
295

Accrued vacation pay
 
222

 
223

Accrued compensation
 
305

 
576

Mirror CWIP
 
353

 
271

Other current liabilities
 
677

 
570

Total current liabilities
 
8,694

 
8,967

Long-term Debt
 
22,674

 
20,841

Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deferred income taxes
 
12,187

 
11,568

Deferred credits related to income taxes
 
186

 
192

Accumulated deferred investment tax credits
 
1,290

 
1,208

Employee benefit obligations
 
2,375

 
2,432

Asset retirement obligations
 
2,860

 
2,168

Other cost of removal obligations
 
1,206

 
1,215

Other regulatory liabilities, deferred
 
408

 
398

Other deferred credits and liabilities
 
996

 
594

Total deferred credits and other liabilities
 
21,508

 
19,775

Total Liabilities
 
52,876

 
49,583

Redeemable Preferred Stock of Subsidiaries
 
118

 
375

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
41

 
39

Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
Common Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock, par value $5 per share —
 
 
 
 
Authorized — 1.5 billion shares
 
 
 
 
Issued — June 30, 2015: 912 million shares
 
 
 
 
  — December 31, 2014: 909 million shares
 
 
 
 
Treasury — June 30, 2015: 3.3 million shares
 
 
 
 
 — December 31, 2014: 0.7 million shares
 
 
 
 
Par value
 
4,555

 
4,539

Paid-in capital
 
6,123

 
5,955

Treasury, at cost
 
(142
)
 
(26
)
Retained earnings
 
9,767

 
9,609

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(121
)
 
(128
)
Total Common Stockholders' Equity
 
20,182

 
19,949

Preferred and Preference Stock of Subsidiaries
 
609

 
756

Noncontrolling Interest
 
355

 
221

Total Stockholders' Equity
 
21,146

 
20,926

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
$
74,181

 
$
70,923

The accompanying notes as they relate to Southern Company are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

14

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SECOND QUARTER 2015 vs. SECOND QUARTER 2014
AND
YEAR-TO-DATE 2015 vs. YEAR-TO-DATE 2014


OVERVIEW
Southern Company is a holding company that owns all of the common stock of the traditional operating companies and Southern Power Company and owns other direct and indirect subsidiaries. Discussion of the results of operations is focused on the Southern Company system's primary business of electricity sales by the traditional operating companies and Southern Power. The four traditional operating companies are vertically integrated utilities providing electric service in four Southeastern states. Southern Power constructs, acquires, owns, and manages generation assets, including renewable energy projects, and sells electricity at market-based rates in the wholesale market. Southern Company's other business activities include investments in leveraged lease projects and telecommunications. For additional information on these businesses, see BUSINESS – "The Southern Company System – Traditional Operating Companies," " – Southern Power," and " – Other Businesses" in Item 1 of the Form 10-K.
In addition, construction continues on Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 (45.7% ownership interest by Georgia Power in the two units, each with approximately 1,100 MWs) and Mississippi Power's 582-MW Kemper IGCC. See RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – "Estimated Loss on Kemper IGCC," FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL – "Construction Program," and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Nuclear Construction" and "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information. For information about Southern Power's acquisitions and construction of renewable energy facilities, see Note (I) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein.
Southern Company continues to focus on several key performance indicators. These indicators include customer satisfaction, plant availability, system reliability, execution of major construction projects, and earnings per share. For additional information on these indicators, see MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – OVERVIEW – "Key Performance Indicators" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Net Income
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$18
 
2.9
 
$176
 
18.3
Southern Company's second quarter 2015 net income after dividends on preferred and preference stock of subsidiaries was $629 million ($0.69 per share) compared to $611 million ($0.68 per share) for the second quarter 2014. The increase was primarily due to an increase in retail revenues resulting from retail base rate increases and warmer weather in the second quarter 2015 as compared to the corresponding period in 2014, partially offset by the correction of an error affecting billings to certain Georgia Power commercial and industrial customers. Also contributing to the increase were state income tax benefits realized and a decrease in interest expense. The increase in net income was partially offset by increases in non-fuel operations and maintenance expenses and a decrease in AFUDC equity.
Southern Company's year-to-date 2015 net income after dividends on preferred and preference stock of subsidiaries was $1.1 billion ($1.25 per share) compared to $962 million ($1.08 per share) for the corresponding period in 2014. The increase was primarily the result of lower pre-tax charges of $32 million ($20 million after tax) recorded in 2015 compared to a pre-tax charge of $380 million ($235 million after tax) recorded in the corresponding period in 2014 for revisions of estimated costs expected to be incurred on Mississippi Power's construction of the Kemper

15

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

IGCC, as well as an increase in retail base rates. The increase in net income was partially offset by increases in non-fuel operations and maintenance expenses.
Retail Revenues
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(56)
 
(1.5)
 
$(372)
 
(4.9)
In the second quarter 2015, retail revenues were $3.7 billion compared to $3.8 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. For year-to-date 2015, retail revenues were $7.3 billion compared to $7.6 billion for the corresponding period in 2014.
Details of the changes in retail revenues were as follows:
 
 
Second Quarter 2015
 
Year-to-Date 2015
 
 
(in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(in millions)
 
(% change)
Retail – prior year
 
$
3,770

 
 
 
$
7,628

 
 
Estimated change resulting from –
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rates and pricing
 
30

 
0.8

 
107

 
1.4

Sales growth
 
23

 
0.6

 
41

 
0.5

Weather
 
46

 
1.2

 
8

 
0.1

Fuel and other cost recovery
 
(155
)
 
(4.1
)
 
(528
)
 
(6.9
)
Retail – current year
 
$
3,714

 
(1.5
)%
 
$
7,256

 
(4.9
)%
Revenues associated with changes in rates and pricing increased in the second quarter and year-to-date 2015 when compared to the corresponding periods in 2014 primarily due to increased revenues at Alabama Power associated with an increase in rates under rate stabilization and equalization (Rate RSE) and at Georgia Power related to base tariff increases approved under the 2013 ARP and increases in collections for financing costs related to the construction of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 through the NCCR tariff, all effective January 1, 2015. The increase was partially offset by the correction of an error affecting billings since 2013 to a small number of large commercial and industrial customers under a rate plan allowing for variable demand-driven pricing at Georgia Power. See Note (A) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein and Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Alabama Power Rate RSE" and "Retail Regulatory Matters Georgia Power Rate Plans" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information.
Revenues attributable to changes in sales increased in the second quarter 2015 when compared to the corresponding period in 2014. Weather-adjusted residential KWH sales and weather-adjusted commercial KWH sales increased 1.2% and 0.7%, respectively, in the second quarter 2015, both as a result of customer growth. Industrial KWH sales increased 0.2% in the second quarter 2015 primarily due to increased sales in the non-manufacturing, transportation, and pipeline sectors, partially offset by decreased sales in the primary metals, chemicals, and paper sectors.
Revenues attributable to changes in sales increased for year-to-date 2015 when compared to the corresponding period in 2014. Industrial KWH sales increased 1.1% for year-to-date 2015 primarily due to increased sales in the non-manufacturing, transportation, pipeline, and petroleum sectors, partially offset by decreased sales in the primary metals and chemicals sectors. Weather-adjusted commercial KWH sales increased 0.7% for year-to-date 2015 primarily due to customer growth. Weather-adjusted residential KWH sales increased 0.7% for year-to-date 2015 as a result of customer growth, partially offset by decreased customer usage.
In the first quarter 2015, Mississippi Power updated the methodology to estimate the unbilled revenue allocation among customer classes. This change did not have a significant impact on net income. The KWH sales variances discussed above reflect an adjustment to the estimated allocation of Mississippi Power's unbilled second quarter and year-to-date 2014 KWH sales among customer classes that is consistent with the actual allocation in 2015. Without

16

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

this adjustment, second quarter 2015 weather-adjusted residential sales increased 1.4%, weather-adjusted commercial sales increased 0.5%, and industrial KWH sales increased 0.1% as compared to the corresponding period in 2014. Also, without this adjustment, year-to-date 2015 weather-adjusted residential sales increased 0.6%, weather-adjusted commercial sales increased 0.4%, and industrial KWH sales increased 1.0% as compared to the corresponding period in 2014.
Fuel and other cost recovery revenues decreased $155 million and $528 million in the second quarter and year-to-date 2015, respectively, when compared to the corresponding periods in 2014 primarily due to a decrease in fuel prices.
Electric rates for the traditional operating companies include provisions to adjust billings for fluctuations in fuel costs, including the energy component of purchased power costs. Under these provisions, fuel revenues generally equal fuel expenses, including the energy component of purchased power costs, and do not affect net income. The traditional operating companies may also have one or more regulatory mechanisms to recover other costs such as environmental and other compliance costs, storm damage, new plants, and PPAs.
Wholesale Revenues
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(67)
 
(13.0)
 
$(204)
 
(18.2)
Wholesale revenues consist of PPAs primarily with investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives and short-term opportunity sales. Wholesale revenues from PPAs (other than solar PPAs) have both capacity and energy components. Capacity revenues reflect the recovery of fixed costs and a return on investment. Energy revenues will vary depending on fuel prices, the market prices of wholesale energy compared to the Southern Company system's generation, demand for energy within the Southern Company system's service territory, and the availability of the Southern Company system's generation. Increases and decreases in energy revenues that are driven by fuel prices are accompanied by an increase or decrease in fuel costs and do not have a significant impact on net income. Wholesale revenues at Mississippi Power include FERC-regulated municipal and rural association sales as well as market-based sales. Short-term opportunity sales are made at market-based rates that generally provide a margin above the Southern Company system's variable cost to produce the energy.
In the second quarter 2015, wholesale revenues were $448 million compared to $515 million for the corresponding period in 2014 related to a $44 million decrease in energy revenues and a $23 million decrease in capacity revenues. For year-to-date 2015, wholesale revenues were $915 million compared to $1.1 billion for the corresponding period in 2014 related to a $162 million decrease in energy revenues and a $42 million decrease in capacity revenues. The decreases in energy revenues were primarily related to lower fuel costs, partially offset by increases in energy revenues from new solar PPAs at Southern Power. The decreases in capacity revenues were primarily due to the expiration of wholesale contracts in December 2014 at Georgia Power, unit retirements at Georgia Power, and PPA expirations at Southern Power.

17

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Fuel and Purchased Power Expenses
 
 
 Second Quarter 2015
vs.
Second Quarter 2014
 
 Year-to-Date 2015
vs.
Year-to-Date 2014
 
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
Fuel
 
$
(262
)
 
(17.9)
 
$
(697
)
 
(22.4)
Purchased power
 
38

 
28.6
 
(5
)
 
(1.6)
Total fuel and purchased power expenses
 
$
(224
)
 
 
 
$
(702
)
 
 
In the second quarter 2015, total fuel and purchased power expenses were $1.4 billion compared to $1.6 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily the result of a $337 million decrease in the average cost of fuel and purchased power primarily due to lower coal and natural gas prices, partially offset by a $113 million increase in the volume of KWHs generated and purchased primarily due to increased demand resulting from warmer weather in the second quarter 2015 as compared to the corresponding period in 2014.
For year-to-date 2015, total fuel and purchased power expenses were $2.7 billion compared to $3.4 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily the result of a $792 million decrease in the average cost of fuel and purchased power primarily due to lower coal and natural gas prices, partially offset by a $90 million increase in the volume of KWHs generated and purchased.
Fuel and purchased power energy transactions at the traditional operating companies are generally offset by fuel revenues and do not have a significant impact on net income. See FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL – "Retail Regulatory Matters – Retail Fuel Cost Recovery" herein for additional information. Fuel expenses incurred under Southern Power's PPAs are generally the responsibility of the counterparties and do not significantly impact net income.
Details of the Southern Company system's generation and purchased power were as follows:
 
 
Second Quarter
2015
 
Second Quarter
2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015
 
Year-to-Date 2014
Total generation (billions of KWHs)
 
46
 
47
 
92
 
94
Total purchased power (billions of KWHs)
 
4
 
2
 
6
 
5
Sources of generation (percent) —
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Coal
 
39
 
44
 
36
 
45
Nuclear
 
15
 
17
 
16
 
16
Gas
 
42
 
36
 
44
 
35
Hydro
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
4
Renewables
 
1
 
 
1
 
Cost of fuel, generated (cents per net KWH) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Coal
 
3.37
 
3.79
 
3.52
 
4.00
Nuclear
 
0.84
 
0.89
 
0.75
 
0.89
Gas
 
2.76
 
3.82
 
2.73
 
4.00
Average cost of fuel, generated (cents per net KWH)
 
2.70
 
3.28
 
2.70
 
3.46
Average cost of purchased power (cents per net KWH)(*)
 
5.63
 
7.41
 
6.26
 
8.20
(*)
Average cost of purchased power includes fuel purchased by the Southern Company system for tolling agreements where power is generated by the provider.

18

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Fuel
In the second quarter 2015, fuel expense was $1.2 billion compared to $1.5 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily due to a 27.8% decrease in the average cost of natural gas per KWH generated, an 11.1% decrease in the average cost of coal per KWH generated, and a 10.6% decrease in the volume of KWHs generated by coal, partially offset by a 19.7% increase in the volume of KWHs generated by natural gas.
For year-to-date 2015, fuel expense was $2.4 billion compared to $3.1 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily due to a 31.8% decrease in the average cost of natural gas per KWH generated, a 21.2% decrease in the volume of KWHs generated by coal, and a 12.0% decrease in the average cost of coal per KWH generated, partially offset by a 32.3% increase in the volume of KWHs generated by natural gas.
Purchased Power
In the second quarter 2015, purchased power expense was $171 million compared to $133 million for the corresponding period in 2014. The increase was primarily due to a 50.0% increase in the volume of KWHs purchased primarily as a result of increased demand from warmer weather in the second quarter 2015 as compared to the corresponding period in 2014, partially offset by a 24.0% decrease in the average cost per KWH purchased.
For year-to-date 2015, purchased power expense was $315 million compared to $320 million for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily due to a 23.7% decrease in the average cost per KWH purchased primarily as a result of lower natural gas prices, partially offset by an 18.0% increase in the volume of KWHs purchased.
Energy purchases will vary depending on demand for energy within the Southern Company system's service territory, the market prices of wholesale energy as compared to the cost of the Southern Company system's generation, and the availability of the Southern Company system's generation.
Other Operations and Maintenance Expenses
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$81
 
7.9
 
$217
 
10.8
In the second quarter 2015, other operations and maintenance expenses were $1.1 billion compared to $1.0 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The increase was primarily due to a $32 million increase in generation expenses primarily related to non-outage operations and maintenance, a $23 million increase in employee compensation and benefits including pension costs, and a $6 million increase in customer accounts, service, and sales costs primarily related to customer incentive and demand side management programs, partially offset by a $7 million decrease in transmission and distribution costs primarily related to overhead line maintenance. In addition, in the second quarter 2014, Alabama Power deferred approximately $16 million of certain non-nuclear outage expenditures under an accounting order.
For year-to-date 2015, other operations and maintenance expenses were $2.2 billion compared to $2.0 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The increase was primarily due to a $58 million increase in employee compensation and benefits including pension costs, a $41 million increase in generation expenses primarily related to non-outage operations and maintenance, a $30 million increase in scheduled outage and maintenance costs at generation facilities, and a $22 million increase in customer accounts, service, and sales costs primarily related to customer incentive and demand side management programs. In addition, in the first half of 2014, Alabama Power deferred approximately $41 million of certain non-nuclear outage expenditures under an accounting order.
See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Alabama Power – Non-Nuclear Outage Accounting Order" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information related to non-nuclear outage expenditures. Also see Note (F) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information related to pension costs.

19

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Depreciation and Amortization
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(4)
 
(0.8)
 
$(14)
 
(1.4)
For year-to-date 2015, depreciation and amortization was $987 million compared to $1.0 billion for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease was primarily due to a $49 million reduction in depreciation rates at Alabama Power, a $14 million reduction in depreciation at Gulf Power, as approved by the Florida PSC, and a $9 million reduction in other cost of removal at Georgia Power, partially offset by a $49 million increase as a result of additional plant in service at the traditional operating companies and Southern Power. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Gulf Power – Retail Base Rate Case" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Gulf Power – Retail Base Rate Case" herein for additional information.
Estimated Loss on Kemper IGCC
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$23
 
N/M
 
$(348)
 
(91.6)
N/M – Not meaningful
In the second quarter 2015, an estimated probable loss on the Kemper IGCC of $23 million was recorded at Southern Company. For year-to-date 2015 and 2014, estimated probable losses on the Kemper IGCC of $32 million and $380 million, respectively, were recorded at Southern Company. These losses reflect revisions of estimated costs expected to be incurred on Mississippi Power's construction of the Kemper IGCC in excess of the $2.88 billion cost cap established by the Mississippi PSC, net of $245 million of grants awarded to the project by the DOE under the Clean Coal Power Initiative Round 2 (DOE Grants) and excluding the cost of the lignite mine and equipment, the cost of the CO2 pipeline facilities, AFUDC, and certain general exceptions, including change of law, force majeure, and beneficial capital (which exists when Mississippi Power demonstrates that the purpose and effect of the construction cost increase is to produce efficiencies that will result in a neutral or favorable effect on customers relative to the original proposal for the CPCN) (Cost Cap Exceptions). See FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL – "Construction Program – Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information.
Allowance for Equity Funds Used During Construction
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(23)
 
(37.1)
 
$(17)
 
(14.3)
In the second quarter 2015, AFUDC equity was $39 million compared to $62 million for the corresponding period in 2014. For year-to-date 2015, AFUDC equity was $102 million compared to $119 million for the corresponding period in 2014. The decreases were primarily due to Mississippi Power placing the combined cycle and the associated common facilities portion of the Kemper IGCC in service in August 2014 and lower AFUDC equity at Georgia Power. Additionally, for year-to-date 2015, the decrease in AFUDC equity was partially offset by environmental and transmission projects at the traditional operating companies. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information regarding the Kemper IGCC.

20

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Interest Expense, Net of Amounts Capitalized
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(30)
 
(14.3)
 
$(23)
 
(5.5)
In the second quarter 2015, interest expense, net of amounts capitalized was $180 million compared to $210 million in the corresponding period in 2014. For year-to-date 2015, interest expense, net of amounts capitalized was $393 million compared to $416 million in the corresponding period in 2014. The decreases were primarily due to a $41 million decrease related to the termination of the asset purchase agreement (APA) between Mississippi Power and SMEPA which required the return of SMEPA's deposits at a lower rate of interest than accrued, partially offset by an increase in outstanding long-term debt. Also contributing to the year-to-date decrease was an increase in capitalized interest primarily resulting from AFUDC debt and carrying costs related to the Kemper IGCC. See Note (E) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information. Also see Note (B) "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle – Termination of Proposed Sale of Undivided Interest to SMEPA" herein for additional information.
Income Taxes
Second Quarter 2015 vs. Second Quarter 2014
 
Year-to-Date 2015 vs. Year-to-Date 2014
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
 
(change in millions)
 
(% change)
$(19)
 
(5.9)
 
$79
 
15.9
In the second quarter 2015, income taxes were $302 million compared to $321 million for the corresponding period in 2014. The decrease is primarily due to state income tax benefits realized in 2015 and increased federal income tax benefits related to ITCs in 2015 at Southern Power, partially offset by a decrease in non-taxable AFUDC equity, higher pre-tax earnings, and beneficial changes that impacted 2014 state income taxes.
For year-to-date 2015, income taxes were $576 million compared to $497 million for the corresponding period in 2014. The increase primarily reflects a reduction in tax benefits related to the estimated probable losses on Mississippi Power's construction of the Kemper IGCC recorded in 2014, beneficial changes that impacted 2014 state income taxes, and a decrease in non-taxable AFUDC equity, partially offset by otherwise lower pre-tax earnings in 2015, state income tax benefits realized in 2015, and increased federal income tax benefits related to ITCs in 2015 at Southern Power.
See Note (G) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information.
FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL
The results of operations discussed above are not necessarily indicative of Southern Company's future earnings potential. The level of Southern Company's future earnings depends on numerous factors that affect the opportunities, challenges, and risks of the Southern Company system's primary business of selling electricity. These factors include the traditional operating companies' ability to maintain a constructive regulatory environment that continues to allow for the timely recovery of prudently-incurred costs during a time of increasing costs and the completion and subsequent operation of the Kemper IGCC and Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 as well as other ongoing construction projects. Other major factors include the profitability of the competitive wholesale business and successfully expanding investments in renewable energy projects. Future earnings for the electricity business in the near term will depend, in part, upon maintaining and growing sales which are subject to a number of factors. These factors include weather, competition, new energy contracts with other utilities and other wholesale customers, energy conservation practiced by customers, the use of alternative energy sources by customers, the price of electricity, the price elasticity of demand, and the rate of economic growth or decline in the service territory. In addition, the level of future earnings for the wholesale business also depends on numerous factors including creditworthiness of customers, total generating capacity available and related costs, future acquisitions and

21

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

construction of generating facilities, including the impact of ITCs, and the successful remarketing of capacity as current contracts expire. Changes in regional and global economic conditions may impact sales for the traditional operating companies and Southern Power as the pace of the economic recovery remains uncertain. The timing and extent of the economic recovery will impact growth and may impact future earnings. For additional information relating to these issues, see RISK FACTORS in Item 1A and MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K.
Environmental Matters
Compliance costs related to federal and state environmental statutes and regulations could affect earnings if such costs cannot continue to be fully recovered in rates on a timely basis or through market-based contracts. Environmental compliance spending over the next several years may differ materially from the amounts estimated. The timing, specific requirements, and estimated costs could change as environmental statutes and regulations are adopted or modified. Further, higher costs that are recovered through regulated rates could contribute to reduced demand for electricity, which could negatively affect results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition. See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters" of Southern Company in Item 7 and Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Environmental Matters" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information.
New Source Review Actions
See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Environmental Matters New Source Review Actions" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information.
On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a joint stipulation between Alabama Power, the EPA, and the U.S. Department of Justice proposing to modify the 2006 consent decree to resolve all remaining claims for relief alleged in the case. If approved by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, Alabama Power will, without admitting liability, operate subject to emission rates and a cap on certain units and requirements to use only natural gas at certain units, including a unit co-owned by Mississippi Power; retire certain units at Plants Gorgas and Barry; pay a $100,000 civil penalty; and invest $1.5 million in electric transportation infrastructure projects over three years.
The ultimate outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.
Environmental Statutes and Regulations
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters Environmental Statutes and Regulations," "Retail Regulatory Matters Alabama Power Environmental Accounting Order," and "Retail Regulatory Matters Georgia Power Integrated Resource Plans" of Southern Company in Item 7 and Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Other Matters Sierra Club Settlement Agreement" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information on planned unit retirements and fuel conversions at Alabama Power, Georgia Power, and Mississippi Power.
Air Quality
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters Environmental Statutes and Regulations Air Quality" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding the EPA's proposed regulations governing emissions during startup, shutdown, or malfunction (SSM), the final MATS rule, and the Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR).
On June 12, 2015, the EPA published a final rule requiring affected states (including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Texas) to revise or remove state implementation plan (SIP) provisions regarding excess emissions that occur during periods of SSM by no later than November 22, 2016. The ultimate impact of the

22

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

final rule will depend on the outcome of any legal challenges and the development and approval of SIPs by the affected states and cannot be determined at this time.
On June 29, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a decision finding that the EPA had failed to properly consider costs in its decision to regulate hazardous air pollutant emissions from electric generating units under the MATS rule and remanded the case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for further proceedings. The MATS rule remains in effect while the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and the EPA respond to the decision. The ultimate impact of this decision cannot be determined at this time.
On July 28, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued an opinion invalidating certain emissions budgets under the CSAPR Phase II emissions trading program for a number of states, including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and Texas. The court's decision leaves the emissions trading program in place and remands the rule to the EPA for further action consistent with the court's decision. The court rejected all other pending challenges to the rule. The ultimate impact of this decision will depend on additional rulemaking and cannot be determined at this time.
Water Quality
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters Environmental Statutes and Regulations Water Quality" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding the EPA's and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' proposed rule revising the definition of waters of the U.S. under the Clean Water Act (CWA).
On June 29, 2015, the EPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers jointly published a final rule revising the regulatory definition of waters of the U.S. for all CWA programs. The final rule significantly expands the scope of federal jurisdiction under the CWA and could have significant impacts on economic development projects which could affect customer demand growth. In addition, this rule could significantly increase permitting and regulatory requirements and costs associated with the siting of new facilities and the installation, expansion, and maintenance of transmission and distribution lines. The rule becomes effective August 28, 2015. The ultimate impact of the final rule will depend on the outcome of any legal challenges and the EPA's and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' field-level implementation of the rule and cannot be determined at this time.
Coal Combustion Residuals
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters Coal Combustion Residuals" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding the EPA's regulation of CCR.
On April 17, 2015, the EPA published the Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities final rule (CCR Rule) in the Federal Register, setting October 19, 2015 as the effective date of the CCR Rule. The ultimate impact of the CCR Rule cannot be determined at this time and will depend on the traditional operating companies' ongoing review of the CCR Rule, the results of initial and ongoing minimum criteria assessments, and the outcome of legal challenges. Based on initial estimates, Southern Company recorded incremental asset retirement obligations (ARO) of approximately $700 million related to the CCR Rule in the second quarter 2015. As further analysis is performed, including evaluation of the expected timing and method of compliance and refinement of assumptions underlying the cost estimates, such as the quantities of CCR at each site, the traditional operating companies expect to periodically update these estimates. See Note (A) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information regarding these AROs.
Global Climate Issues
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Environmental Matters Global Climate Issues" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding the EPA's proposed regulation of CO2 from fossil-fuel-fired electric generating units.

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

On August 3, 2015, the EPA released pre-publication versions of two final rules that would limit CO2 emissions from fossil fuel-fired electric generating units. One of the final rules contains specific emission standards governing CO2 emissions from new, modified, and reconstructed units. The other final rule establishes guidelines for states to develop plans to meet EPA-mandated CO2 emission rates for existing units. The EPA's final guidelines require state plans to meet interim CO2 performance rates between 2022 and 2029 and final rates in 2030 and thereafter. At the same time, the EPA also proposed a federal plan and proposed model rule that states can adopt or that would be put in place if, in response to the final guidelines, a state either does not submit a state plan or its plan is not approved by the EPA. These guidelines and standards could result in operational restrictions and material compliance costs, including capital expenditures, which could affect future unit retirement and replacement decisions. Southern Company's results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition could be significantly impacted if such costs are not recovered through regulated rates or through market-based contracts. However, the ultimate financial and operational impact of the final rules on the Southern Company system cannot be determined at this time and will depend on numerous factors including the Southern Company system's ongoing review of the final rules; the outcome of any legal challenges; individual state implementation of the EPA's final guidelines, including the potential that state plans impose different standards; additional rulemaking activities in response to legal challenges and related court decisions; the impact of future changes in generation and emissions related technology and costs; the impact of future decisions regarding unit retirement and replacement, including the type and amount of any such replacement capacity; and the time periods over which compliance will be required.
FERC Matters
The traditional operating companies and Southern Power have authority from the FERC to sell electricity at market-based rates. Since 2008, that authority, for certain balancing authority areas, has been conditioned on compliance with the requirements of an energy auction, which the FERC found to be tailored mitigation that addresses potential market power concerns. In accordance with FERC regulations governing such authority, the traditional operating companies and Southern Power filed a triennial market power analysis on June 30, 2014, which included continued reliance on the energy auction as tailored mitigation. On April 27, 2015, the FERC issued an order finding that the traditional operating companies' and Southern Power's existing tailored mitigation may not effectively mitigate the potential to exert market power in certain areas served by the traditional operating companies and in some adjacent areas. To retain market-based rate authority, the FERC directed the traditional operating companies and Southern Power to show why market-based rate authority should not be revoked in these areas or to provide a mitigation plan to further address market power concerns. The traditional operating companies and Southern Power filed a request for rehearing on May 27, 2015 and on June 26, 2015 filed their response with the FERC. The ultimate outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.
Retail Regulatory Matters
Retail Fuel Cost Recovery
The traditional operating companies each have established fuel cost recovery rates approved by their respective state PSCs. Fuel cost recovery revenues are adjusted for differences in actual recoverable fuel costs and amounts billed in current regulated rates. Accordingly, changes in the billing factor will not have a significant effect on Southern Company's revenues or net income, but will affect cash flow. The traditional operating companies continuously monitor their under or over recovered fuel cost balances. Georgia Power expects to file its next fuel case in September 2015. The ultimate outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.
See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Alabama Power – Rate ECR" and "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Fuel Cost Recovery" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information.
Alabama Power
Alabama Power's revenues from regulated retail operations are collected through various rate mechanisms subject to the oversight of the Alabama PSC. Alabama Power currently recovers its costs from the regulated retail business

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

primarily through its Rate RSE, Rate CNP, rate energy cost recovery, and natural disaster reserve rate. In addition, the Alabama PSC issues accounting orders to address current events impacting Alabama Power. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Alabama Power" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding Alabama Power's rate mechanisms and accounting orders. The recovery balance of each regulatory clause for Alabama Power is reported in Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein.
Rate CNP
See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Alabama Power – Rate CNP" and " – Non-Environmental Federal Mandated Costs Accounting Order" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding Alabama Power's development of a revised cost recovery mechanism and the normal purchases and normal sales (NPNS) exception for wind PPAs.
On March 3, 2015, the Alabama PSC approved a modification to Rate CNP Environmental to include compliance costs for both environmental and non-environmental mandates. The recoverable non-environmental compliance costs result from laws, regulations, and other mandates directed at the utility industry involving the security, reliability, safety, sustainability, or similar considerations impacting Alabama Power's facilities or operations. This modification to Rate CNP Environmental was effective March 20, 2015 with the revised rate now defined as Rate CNP Compliance. Alabama Power incurred $30 million of non-environmental compliance costs during the first six months of 2015 and will be limited to recovery of $50 million for the year. Customer rates will not be impacted before January 2016; therefore, the modification will increase the under recovered position for Rate CNP Compliance during 2015.
In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) proposed new accounting guidance to allow the NPNS exception for physical forward transactions in nodal energy markets, consistent with the manner in which Alabama Power currently accounts for its two wind PPAs. On July 9, 2015, the FASB ratified the consensus reached by the Emerging Issues Task Force to allow the exception in such cases and voted to issue a final accounting standard.
Environmental Accounting Order
In April 2015, as part of its environmental compliance strategy, Alabama Power retired Plant Gorgas Units 6 and 7. These units represented 200 MWs of Alabama Power's approximately 12,200 MWs of generating capacity. Additionally, in April 2015, Alabama Power ceased using coal at Plant Barry Units 1 and 2 (250 MWs), but such units will remain available on a limited basis with natural gas as the fuel source. No later than April 2016, Alabama Power expects to cease using coal at Plant Greene County Units 1 and 2 (300 MWs) and begin operating those units solely on natural gas. Subject to the final approval of the New Source Review stipulation, Alabama Power will also retire Plant Barry Unit 3 (225 MWs) which is currently unavailable for generation. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information regarding the New Source Review actions.
In accordance with an accounting order from the Alabama PSC, Alabama Power transferred the unrecovered plant asset balances to a regulatory asset at their respective retirement dates. The regulatory asset will be amortized over the remaining useful lives, as established prior to the decision for retirement. As a result, these decisions will not have a significant impact on Southern Company's financial statements.
Renewable Energy
On June 25, 2015, Alabama Power filed a petition with the Alabama PSC for a Renewable Generation Certificate (RGC). The RGC would develop a process that allows Alabama Power to build its own renewable projects each less than 80 MWs or purchase power from other renewable-generated sources up to 500 MWs. The Alabama PSC is expected to rule on this matter in August 2015. The ultimate outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Georgia Power
Georgia Power's revenues from regulated retail operations are collected through various rate mechanisms subject to the oversight of the Georgia PSC. Georgia Power currently recovers its costs from the regulated retail business through the 2013 ARP, which includes traditional base tariff rates, Demand-Side Management (DSM) tariffs, Environmental Compliance Cost Recovery (ECCR) tariffs, and Municipal Franchise Fee (MFF) tariffs. In addition, financing costs related to the construction of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 are being collected through the NCCR tariff and fuel costs are collected through separate fuel cost recovery tariffs. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information.
Renewables Development
As part of the Georgia Power Advanced Solar Initiative program, Georgia Power executed ten PPAs that were approved by the Georgia PSC in 2014 and provide for the purchase of energy from 515 MWs of solar capacity. These PPAs are expected to commence in December 2015 and 2016 and have terms ranging from 20 to 30 years. As a result of certain acquisitions by Southern Power, Georgia Power expects that 249 MWs of the 515 MWs of contracted capacity will be purchased from solar facilities owned or under development by Southern Power.
On June 15, 2015, Georgia Power executed a PPA to purchase a total of 58 MWs of biomass capacity and energy from a 79-MW facility in Georgia that will begin in 2017 and end in 2047. This PPA was approved by the Georgia PSC on April 15, 2015. Georgia Power also entered into an energy-only PPA for the remaining 21 MWs from the same facility.
On July 21, 2015, the Georgia PSC approved Georgia Power's request to build, own, and operate a 46-MW solar generation facility at a U.S. Marine Corps base in Albany, Georgia by the end of 2016.
Integrated Resource Plan
To comply with the April 16, 2015 effective date of the MATS rule, Plant Branch Units 1, 3, and 4 (1,266 MWs), Plant Yates Units 1 through 5 (579 MWs), and Plant McManus Units 1 and 2 (122 MWs) were retired on April 15, 2015. In addition, operations were discontinued at Plant Mitchell Unit 3 (155 MWs) and its decertification will be requested in connection with the triennial Integrated Resource Plan in 2016. The switch to natural gas as the primary fuel is complete at Plant Yates Units 7 and 6 and the units were returned to service on May 4, 2015 and June 27, 2015, respectively.
Gulf Power
Renewables
On April 16, 2015, the Florida PSC approved three energy purchase agreements totaling 120 MWs of utility-scale solar generation located at three military installations in northwest Florida. On May 5, 2015, the Florida PSC approved an energy purchase agreement for up to 178 MWs of wind generation in central Oklahoma. Purchases under these agreements will be for energy only and will be recovered through Gulf Power's fuel cost recovery mechanism.
Mississippi Power
2015 Rate Case
On May 15, 2015 and July 10, 2015, Mississippi Power filed alternative rate proposals related to recovery of Kemper IGCC-related costs with the Mississippi PSC. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle Rate Recovery of Kemper IGCC Costs 2015 Rate Case" herein for additional information.

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Renewables
In April and May 2015, Mississippi Power entered into separate PPAs for three solar facilities for a combined total of approximately 105 MWs. Mississippi Power would purchase all of the energy produced by the solar facilities for the 25-year term of the contracts. If approved by the Mississippi PSC, the projects are expected to be in service by the end of 2016 and the resulting energy purchases will be recovered through Mississippi Power's fuel cost recovery mechanism. The ultimate outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.
Construction Program
Overview
The subsidiary companies of Southern Company are engaged in continuous construction programs to accommodate existing and estimated future loads on their respective systems. The Southern Company system intends to continue its strategy of developing and constructing new generating facilities, as well as adding or changing fuel sources for certain existing units, adding environmental control equipment, and expanding the transmission and distribution systems. For the traditional operating companies, major generation construction projects are subject to state PSC approval in order to be included in retail rates. While Southern Power generally constructs and acquires generation assets covered by long-term PPAs, any uncontracted capacity could negatively affect future earnings.
The two largest construction projects currently underway in the Southern Company system are Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 (45.7% ownership interest by Georgia Power in the two units, each with approximately 1,100 MWs) and Mississippi Power's 582-MW Kemper IGCC. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Nuclear Construction" and "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Retail Regulatory Matters Georgia Power Nuclear Construction" and "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information. For additional information about costs relating to Southern Power's acquisitions that involve construction of renewable energy facilities, see Note (I) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein.
Also see FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY – "Capital Requirements and Contractual Obligations" for additional information regarding Southern Company's capital requirements for its subsidiaries' construction programs.
Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle
From 2013 through June 30, 2015, Southern Company recorded pre-tax charges totaling $2.08 billion ($1.28 billion after tax) for revisions of estimated costs expected to be incurred on Mississippi Power's construction of the Kemper IGCC above the $2.88 billion cost cap established by the Mississippi PSC, net of the DOE Grants and excluding the Cost Cap Exceptions. In subsequent periods, any further changes in the estimated costs to complete construction of the Kemper IGCC subject to the $2.88 billion cost cap, net of the DOE Grants and excluding the Cost Cap Exceptions, will be reflected in Southern Company's statements of income and these changes could be material.
On February 12, 2015, the Mississippi Supreme Court issued its decision in a legal challenge with respect to the Mississippi PSC's March 2013 order that authorized Mississippi Power's collection of $156 million annually to be recorded as Mirror CWIP. Among other things, the Mississippi Supreme Court reversed this order and directed the Mississippi PSC to enter an order requiring Mississippi Power to refund the Mirror CWIP amounts collected. As of June 30, 2015, $331 million had been collected by Mississippi Power. The Mississippi PSC ordered that the Mirror CWIP rate be terminated effective July 20, 2015.
On May 20, 2015, SMEPA notified Mississippi Power of its termination of the APA. Mississippi Power previously received a total of $275 million of deposits from SMEPA that were required to be returned to SMEPA with interest in connection with the termination of the APA. On June 3, 2015, Southern Company, pursuant to its guarantee obligation, returned approximately $301 million to SMEPA. Subsequently, Mississippi Power issued an 18-month promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of approximately $301 million to Southern Company.

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The return of approximately $301 million to SMEPA in June 2015 in connection with the termination of the APA, the required refund of the approximately $353 million of Mirror CWIP rate collections, including associated carrying costs, and the termination of the Mirror CWIP rates have adversely impacted Mississippi Power's ability to obtain financing needed for its business operations. As a result, on July 10, 2015, Mississippi Power submitted a request for interim rates designed to recover Mississippi Power's costs associated with the Kemper IGCC assets that are commercially operational and currently providing service to customers (the transmission facilities, combined cycle, natural gas pipeline, and water pipeline) and other related costs. These interim rates are designed to collect approximately $159 million annually. Evidentiary hearings on the interim rate relief are scheduled to be held on August 6, 2015. The ultimate outcome of these matters cannot be determined at this time.
Nuclear Construction
On January 29, 2015, Georgia Power announced it was notified by the Contractor of the Contractor's revised forecast for completion of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4, which would incrementally delay the previously disclosed estimated in-service dates by 18 months (from the fourth quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2019 for Unit 3 and from the fourth quarter of 2018 to the second quarter of 2020 for Unit 4).
While Georgia Power has not agreed to any change to the guaranteed substantial completion dates (April 2016 for Unit 3 and April 2017 for Unit 4) included in the engineering, procurement, and construction agreement relating to Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4, Georgia Power's twelfth Vogtle Construction Monitoring (VCM) report, filed February 27, 2015, included a requested amendment (Requested Amendment) to the Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 certificate to reflect the Contractor's revised forecast, to include the estimated owner's costs associated with the proposed 18-month Contractor delay, and to increase the estimated in-service capital cost of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 from $4.4 billion to $5.0 billion. No Contractor costs related to the Contractor's proposed 18-month delay were included in the twelfth VCM report. The twelfth VCM report estimated financing costs during the construction period to total approximately $2.5 billion.
On April 15, 2015, the Georgia PSC issued a procedural order in connection with the twelfth VCM report. Pursuant to this order, the Georgia PSC deemed the Requested Amendment unnecessary and withdrawn until the completion of construction of Plant Vogtle Unit 3. The Georgia PSC recognized that the certified cost does not constitute a cost recovery cap. In accordance with the Georgia Integrated Resource Planning Act, any costs incurred by Georgia Power in excess of the certified amount will be included in rate base, provided Georgia Power shows the costs to be reasonable and prudent. Financing costs up to the certified amount will be collected through the NCCR tariff until the units are placed in service, while financing costs on any construction-related costs in excess of the $4.4 billion certified amount are expected to be recovered through AFUDC.
Additionally, there are certain risks associated with the construction program in general and certain risks associated with the licensing, construction, and operation of nuclear generating units in particular, including potential impacts that could result from a major incident at a nuclear facility anywhere in the world. The ultimate outcome of these events cannot be determined at this time.
Income Tax Matters
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FUTURE EARNINGS POTENTIAL "Income Tax Matters" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information.
Section 174 Research and Experimental Deduction
Southern Company reflected deductions for research and experimental (R&E) expenditures related to the Kemper IGCC in its federal income tax calculations for 2013 and 2014. In May 2015, Southern Company amended its 2008 through 2013 federal income tax returns to include deductions for Kemper IGCC-related R&E expenditures. Due to the uncertainty related to this tax position, Southern Company had unrecognized tax benefits associated with these R&E deductions totaling approximately $390 million as of June 30, 2015. See Note 5 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Unrecognized Tax Benefits" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Notes (B) and (G) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" and "Unrecognized Tax

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Benefits Section 174 Research and Experimental Deduction," respectively, herein for additional information. The ultimate outcome of this tax matter cannot be determined at this time.
Other Matters
Southern Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various other matters being litigated and regulatory matters that could affect future earnings. In addition, Southern Company and its subsidiaries are subject to certain claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. The business activities of Southern Company's subsidiaries are subject to extensive governmental regulation related to public health and the environment, such as regulation of air emissions and water discharges. Litigation over environmental issues and claims of various types, including property damage, personal injury, common law nuisance, and citizen enforcement of environmental requirements, such as air quality and water standards, has occurred throughout the U.S. This litigation has included claims for damages alleged to have been caused by CO2 and other emissions, CCR, and alleged exposure to hazardous materials, and/or requests for injunctive relief in connection with such matters.
The ultimate outcome of such pending or potential litigation against Southern Company and its subsidiaries cannot be predicted at this time; however, for current proceedings not specifically reported in Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein or in Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company in Item 8 of the Form 10-K, management does not anticipate that the ultimate liabilities, if any, arising from such current proceedings would have a material effect on Southern Company's financial statements. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for a discussion of various other contingencies, regulatory matters, and other matters being litigated which may affect future earnings potential.
ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Southern Company prepares its consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the financial statements of Southern Company in Item 8 of the Form 10-K. In the application of these policies, certain estimates are made that may have a material impact on Southern Company's results of operations and related disclosures. Different assumptions and measurements could produce estimates that are significantly different from those recorded in the financial statements. See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – ACCOUNTING POLICIES – "Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for a complete discussion of Southern Company's critical accounting policies and estimates related to Electric Utility Regulation, Contingent Obligations, and Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits.
Kemper IGCC Estimated Construction Costs, Project Completion Date, and Rate Recovery
During 2015, Mississippi Power further revised its cost estimate to complete construction and start-up of the Kemper IGCC to an amount that exceeds the $2.88 billion cost cap, net of the DOE Grants and excluding the Cost Cap Exceptions. Mississippi Power does not intend to seek any rate recovery for any costs related to the construction of the Kemper IGCC that exceed the $2.88 billion cost cap, net of the DOE Grants and excluding the Cost Cap Exceptions.
As a result of the revisions to the cost estimate, Southern Company recorded total pre-tax charges to income for the estimated probable losses on the Kemper IGCC of $23 million ($14 million after tax) in the second quarter 2015, $9 million ($6 million after tax) in the first quarter 2015, $70 million ($43 million after tax) in the fourth quarter 2014, $418 million ($258 million after tax) in the third quarter 2014, $380 million ($235 million after tax) in the first quarter 2014, $40 million ($25 million after tax) in the fourth quarter 2013, $150 million ($93 million after tax) in the third quarter 2013, $450 million ($278 million after tax) in the second quarter 2013, and $540 million ($333 million after tax) in the first quarter 2013. In the aggregate, Southern Company has incurred charges of $2.08 billion ($1.28 billion after tax) as a result of changes in the cost estimate for the Kemper IGCC through June 30, 2015.

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Mississippi Power has experienced, and may continue to experience, material changes in the cost estimate for the Kemper IGCC. In subsequent periods, any further changes in the estimated costs to complete construction and start-up of the Kemper IGCC subject to the $2.88 billion cost cap, net of the DOE Grants and excluding the Cost Cap Exceptions will be reflected in Southern Company's statements of income and these changes could be material. Any further cost increases and/or extensions of the in-service date with respect to the Kemper IGCC may result from factors including, but not limited to, labor costs and productivity, adverse weather conditions, shortages and inconsistent quality of equipment, materials, and labor, contractor or supplier delay, non-performance under construction or other agreements, operational readiness, including specialized operator training and required site safety programs, unforeseen engineering or design problems, start-up activities for this first-of-a-kind technology (including major equipment failure and system integration), and/or operational performance (including, but not limited to, additional costs to satisfy any operational parameters ultimately adopted by the Mississippi PSC).
Mississippi Power's revised cost estimate includes costs through March 31, 2016. Any further extension of the in-service date is currently estimated to result in additional base costs of approximately $25 million to $30 million per month, which includes maintaining necessary levels of start-up labor, materials, and fuel, as well as operational resources required to execute start-up and commissioning activities. Any further extension of the in-service date with respect to the Kemper IGCC would also increase costs for the Cost Cap Exceptions, which are not subject to the $2.88 billion cost cap established by the Mississippi PSC. These costs include AFUDC, which is currently estimated to total approximately $13 million per month, as well as carrying costs and operating expenses on Kemper IGCC assets placed in service and consulting fees and legal fees which are being deferred as regulatory assets and are estimated to total approximately $7 million per month.
Given the significant judgment involved in estimating the future costs to complete construction and start-up, the project completion date, the ultimate rate recovery for the Kemper IGCC, and the potential impact on Southern Company's results of operations, Southern Company considers these items to be critical accounting estimates. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information.
Asset Retirement Obligations
AROs are computed as the fair value of the ultimate costs for an asset's future retirement and are recorded in the period in which the liability is incurred. The costs are capitalized as part of the related long-lived asset and depreciated over the asset's useful life. In the absence of quoted market prices, AROs are estimated using present value techniques in which estimates of future cash outlays associated with the asset retirements are discounted using a credit-adjusted risk-free rate. Estimates of the timing and amounts of future cash outlays are based on projections of when and how the assets will be retired and the cost of future removal activities.
The liability for AROs primarily relates to the decommissioning of the nuclear facilities - Alabama Power's Plant Farley and Georgia Power's ownership interests in Plants Hatch and Vogtle - and facilities that are subject to the CCR Rule, primarily ash ponds. In addition, the Southern Company system has retirement obligations related to various landfill sites, asbestos removal, mine reclamation, and disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls in certain transformers. The Southern Company system also has identified retirement obligations related to certain transmission and distribution facilities, certain wireless communication towers, property associated with the Southern Company system's rail lines and natural gas pipelines, and certain structures authorized by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. However, liabilities for the removal of these assets have not been recorded because the settlement timing for the retirement obligations related to these assets is indeterminable and, therefore, the fair value of the retirement obligations cannot be reasonably estimated. A liability for these AROs will be recognized when sufficient information becomes available to support a reasonable estimation of the ARO.
On April 17, 2015, the EPA published the final CCR Rule in the Federal Register, setting October 19, 2015 as the effective date of the CCR Rule. Therefore, Alabama Power, Gulf Power, and Mississippi Power recorded new AROs for facilities that are subject to the CCR Rule. Georgia Power had previously recorded AROs as a result of state requirements in Georgia which closely align with the requirements of the CCR Rule. The cost estimates are based

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

on information that was known as of June 30, 2015 using various assumptions related to closure and post-closure costs, timing of future cash outlays, inflation and discount rates, and the potential methods for complying with the CCR Rule requirements. As further analysis is performed, including evaluation of the expected timing and method of compliance and refinement of assumptions underlying the cost estimates, such as the quantities of CCR at each site, the traditional operating companies expect to periodically update these estimates. Given the significant judgment involved in estimating AROs, Southern Company considers the liabilities for AROs to be critical accounting estimates.
See Note 1 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Asset Retirement Obligations and Other Costs of Removal" and "Nuclear Decommissioning" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (A) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Asset Retirement Obligations" herein for additional information.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
The FASB's ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, revises the accounting for revenue recognition effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Southern Company continues to evaluate the requirements of ASC 606. The ultimate impact of the new standard has not yet been determined.
On April 7, 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The ASU requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Southern Company currently reflects unamortized debt issuance costs in unamortized debt issuance expense on its balance sheet. Upon adoption, the reclassification will not have a material impact on the results of operations, financial position, or cash flows of Southern Company.
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
Overview
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY "Overview" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information. Southern Company's financial condition remained stable at June 30, 2015. Through June 30, 2015, Southern Company has incurred non-recoverable cash expenditures of $1.62 billion and is expected to incur approximately $0.46 billion in additional non-recoverable cash expenditures through completion of the Kemper IGCC. Southern Company intends to continue to monitor its access to short-term and long-term capital markets as well as bank credit agreements to meet future capital and liquidity needs. See "Capital Requirements and Contractual Obligations," "Sources of Capital," and "Financing Activities" herein for additional information.
Net cash provided from operating activities totaled $2.1 billion for the first six months of 2015, an increase of $37 million from the corresponding period in 2014. The increase in net cash provided from operating activities was primarily due to an increase in fuel cost recovery, partially offset by timing of accounts payable. Net cash used for investing activities totaled $2.8 billion for the first six months of 2015 primarily due to gross property additions for installation of equipment to comply with environmental standards, construction of generation, transmission, and distribution facilities, and acquisitions of solar facilities. Net cash provided from financing activities totaled $762 million for the first six months of 2015. This was primarily due to issuances of long-term debt, partially offset by common stock dividend payments and redemptions of long-term debt and preferred and preference stock. Fluctuations in cash flow from financing activities vary from period to period based on capital needs and the maturity or redemption of securities.
Significant balance sheet changes for the first six months of 2015 include an increase of $2.1 billion in total property, plant, and equipment to comply with environmental standards and construction of generation, transmission, and distribution facilities, a $444 million increase in income taxes receivable, non-current associated with federal income tax benefits for deductions primarily related to R&E expenditures for the Kemper IGCC, and an increase of $406 million in accounts receivable primarily related to increases in customer billings as compared to

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FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

December 31, 2014. Other significant changes include a $2.1 billion increase in short-term and long-term debt to fund the Southern Company subsidiaries' continuous construction programs and for other general corporate purposes, a $692 million increase in AROs primarily related to the CCR Rule, and a $619 million increase in accumulated deferred income taxes for deductions primarily related to R&E expenditures for the Kemper IGCC. See Notes (A), (B), and (G) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for additional information regarding AROs, the Kemper IGCC, and R&E expenditures, respectively.
At the end of the second quarter 2015, the market price of Southern Company's common stock was $41.90 per share (based on the closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange) and the book value was $22.22 per share, representing a market-to-book ratio of 189%, compared to $49.11, $21.98, and 223%, respectively, at the end of 2014. Southern Company's common stock dividend for the second quarter 2015 was $0.5425 per share compared to $0.5250 per share in the second quarter 2014.
Capital Requirements and Contractual Obligations
See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY "Capital Requirements and Contractual Obligations" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for a description of Southern Company's capital requirements for the construction programs of the Southern Company system, including estimated capital expenditures for new generating facilities and to comply with existing environmental statutes and regulations, scheduled maturities of long-term debt, as well as related interest, derivative obligations, preferred and preference stock dividends, leases, purchase commitments, trust funding requirements, and unrecognized tax benefits. Approximately $3.7 billion will be required through June 30, 2016 to fund maturities and announced redemptions of long-term debt. See "Sources of Capital" herein for additional information.
The construction programs are subject to periodic review and revision, and actual construction costs may vary from these estimates because of numerous factors. These factors include: changes in business conditions; changes in load projections; changes in environmental statutes and regulations; the outcome of any legal challenges to the environmental rules; changes in generating plants, including unit retirements and replacements and adding or changing fuel sources at existing units, to meet regulatory requirements; changes in FERC rules and regulations; PSC approvals; changes in the expected environmental compliance program; changes in legislation; the cost and efficiency of construction labor, equipment, and materials; project scope and design changes; storm impacts; and the cost of capital. In addition, there can be no assurance that costs related to capital expenditures will be fully recovered. Additionally, planned expenditures for plant acquisitions may vary materially due to market opportunities and Southern Power's ability to execute its growth strategy. See Note 3 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Nuclear Construction" and "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Nuclear Construction" and "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for information regarding additional factors that may impact construction expenditures.
Sources of Capital
Southern Company intends to meet its future capital needs through operating cash flows, short-term debt, term loans, and external security issuances. Equity capital can be provided from any combination of Southern Company's stock plans, private placements, or public offerings. The amount and timing of additional equity capital and debt to be raised in 2015, as well as in subsequent years, will be contingent on Southern Company's investment opportunities and the Southern Company system's capital requirements.
Except as described herein, the traditional operating companies and Southern Power plan to obtain the funds required for construction and other purposes from operating cash flows, external security issuances, term loans, short-term borrowings, and equity contributions or loans from Southern Company. However, the amount, type, and timing of any future financings, if needed, will depend upon prevailing market conditions, regulatory approval, and other factors. See MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY "Sources of Capital" of Southern Company in Item 7 of the Form 10-K for additional information.

32

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

In addition, Georgia Power may make borrowings through a loan guarantee agreement (Loan Guarantee Agreement) between Georgia Power and the DOE, the proceeds of which may be used to reimburse Georgia Power for Eligible Project Costs incurred in connection with its construction of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4. Under the Loan Guarantee Agreement, the DOE agreed to guarantee borrowings of up to $3.46 billion (not to exceed 70% of Eligible Project Costs) to be made by Georgia Power under a multi-advance credit facility (FFB Credit Facility) among Georgia Power, the DOE, and the FFB. Eligible Project Costs incurred through June 30, 2015 would allow for borrowings of up to $2.2 billion under the FFB Credit Facility, of which Georgia Power has borrowed $1.8 billion. See Note 6 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "DOE Loan Guarantee Borrowings" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K for additional information regarding the Loan Guarantee Agreement and Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Retail Regulatory Matters – Georgia Power – Nuclear Construction" herein for additional information regarding Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4.
Mississippi Power received $245 million of DOE Grants in prior years that were used for the construction of the Kemper IGCC. An additional $25 million of DOE Grants is expected to be received for commercial operation of the Kemper IGCC. In addition, see Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for information regarding legislation related to the securitization of certain costs of the Kemper IGCC.
As of June 30, 2015, Southern Company's current liabilities exceeded current assets by $2.1 billion, primarily due to long-term debt that is due within one year of $3.6 billion, including approximately $0.4 billion at Southern Company, $0.6 billion at Alabama Power, $1.7 billion at Georgia Power, $0.4 billion at Mississippi Power, and $0.5 billion at Southern Power. In addition, Mississippi Power has $0.5 billion in short-term bank loans scheduled to mature on April 1, 2016. To meet short-term cash needs and contingencies, Southern Company has substantial cash flow from operating activities and access to capital markets and financial institutions. Southern Company, the traditional operating companies, and Southern Power intend to utilize operating cash flows, as well as commercial paper, lines of credit, bank notes, and securities issuances, as market conditions permit, as well as, under certain circumstances for the traditional operating companies and Southern Power, equity contributions and/or loans from Southern Company to meet their short-term capital needs. In addition, for the remainder of 2015, Georgia Power expects to utilize borrowings through the FFB Credit Facility as its primary source of long-term borrowed funds.
The financial condition of Mississippi Power was adversely affected by the return of approximately $301 million of interest bearing refundable deposits to SMEPA in June 2015. In addition, the required refund of Mirror CWIP rate collections of approximately $353 million as of June 30, 2015, including associated carrying costs, and the termination of the Mirror CWIP rate have further adversely impacted Mississippi Power's financial condition and its ability to obtain funds needed for normal business operations and completion of the Kemper IGCC. Mississippi Power plans to obtain the funds required for construction and other purposes from operating cash flows and lines of credit (to the extent available) as well as loans and, under certain circumstances, equity contributions from Southern Company. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle" herein for additional information.

33

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

At June 30, 2015, Southern Company and its subsidiaries had approximately $0.8 billion of cash and cash equivalents. Committed credit arrangements with banks at June 30, 2015 were as follows:
 
 
Expires
 
 
 
Executable Term
Loans
 
Due Within One
Year
Company
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
Total
 
Unused
 
One
Year
 
Two
Years
 
Term
Out
 
No Term
Out
 
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
Southern Company
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,000

 
$
1,000

 
$
1,000

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Alabama Power
 
154

 
124

 

 
1,030

 
1,308

 
1,307

 
58

 

 
58

 
170

Georgia Power
 

 
150

 

 
1,600

 
1,750

 
1,737

 

 

 

 
150

Gulf Power
 
20

 
225

 
30

 

 
275

 
275

 
50

 

 
50

 
195

Mississippi Power
 
40

 
255

 

 

 
295

 
265

 
30

 
40

 
70

 
225

Southern Power
 

 

 

 
500

 
500

 
466

 

 

 

 

Other
 
25

 
45

 

 

 
70

 
70

 
20

 

 
20

 
50

Total
 
$
239

 
$
799

 
$
30

 
$
4,130

 
$
5,198

 
$
5,120

 
$
158

 
$
40

 
$
198

 
$
790

See Note 6 to the financial statements of Southern Company under "Bank Credit Arrangements" in Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Note (E) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Bank Credit Arrangements" herein for additional information.
A portion of the unused credit with banks is allocated to provide liquidity support to the traditional operating companies' variable rate pollution control revenue bonds and commercial paper programs. The amount of variable rate pollution control revenue bonds outstanding requiring liquidity support as of June 30, 2015 was approximately $1.9 billion. In addition, at June 30, 2015, the traditional operating companies had $368 million of fixed rate pollution control revenue bonds outstanding that were required to be reoffered within the next 12 months.
Most of these bank credit arrangements contain covenants that limit debt levels and contain cross default provisions to other indebtedness (including guarantee obligations) that are restricted only to the indebtedness of the individual company. Such cross default provisions to other indebtedness would trigger an event of default if the applicable borrower defaulted on indebtedness or guarantee obligations over a specified threshold. Southern Company, the traditional operating companies, and Southern Power are currently in compliance with all such covenants. None of the bank credit arrangements contain material adverse change clauses at the time of borrowings.
Subject to applicable market conditions, Southern Company and its subsidiaries expect to renew or replace their bank credit arrangements, as needed, prior to expiration. In connection therewith, Southern Company and its subsidiaries may extend the maturity dates and/or increase or decrease the lending commitments thereunder.
Southern Company, the traditional operating companies, and Southern Power make short-term borrowings primarily through commercial paper programs that have the liquidity support of the committed bank credit arrangements described above. Southern Company, the traditional operating companies, and Southern Power may also borrow through various other arrangements with banks. Commercial paper and short-term bank term loans are included in notes payable in the balance sheets.

34

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Details of short-term borrowings were as follows:
 
 
Short-term Debt at
June 30, 2015
 
Short-term Debt During the Period(*)
 
 
Amount
Outstanding
 
Weighted
Average
Interest
Rate
 
Average
Outstanding
 
Weighted
Average
Interest
Rate
 
Maximum
Amount
Outstanding
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
(in millions)
Commercial paper
 
$
512

 
0.3
%
 
$
1,155

 
0.3
%
 
$
1,563

Short-term bank debt
 
545

 
1.3
%
 
717

 
1.2
%
 
795

Total
 
$
1,057

 
0.7
%
 
$
1,872

 
0.7
%
 
 
(*)
Average and maximum amounts are based upon daily balances during the three-month period ended June 30, 2015.
Southern Company believes the need for working capital can be adequately met by utilizing commercial paper programs, lines of credit, bank notes, and operating cash flows.
Credit Rating Risk
Southern Company and its subsidiaries do not have any credit arrangements that would require material changes in payment schedules or terminations as a result of a credit rating downgrade.
There are certain contracts that could require collateral, but not accelerated payment, in the event of a credit rating change of certain subsidiaries to BBB and Baa2, or BBB- and/or Baa3 or below. These contracts are for physical electricity purchases and sales, fuel purchases, fuel transportation and storage, energy price risk management, interest rate derivatives, and construction of new generation at Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4.
The maximum potential collateral requirements under these contracts at June 30, 2015 were as follows:
Credit Ratings
Maximum Potential
Collateral
Requirements
 
(in millions)
At BBB and Baa2
$
9

At BBB- and/or Baa3
488

Below BBB- and/or Baa3
2,407

Generally, collateral may be provided by a Southern Company guaranty, letter of credit, or cash. Additionally, any credit rating downgrade could impact the ability of Southern Company and its subsidiaries to access capital markets, particularly the short-term debt market and the variable rate pollution control revenue bond market.
On June 5, 2015, Fitch downgraded the long-term issuer default rating of Mississippi Power to BBB+ from A-. Fitch maintained the negative ratings outlook for Mississippi Power and revised the ratings outlook for Southern Company from stable to negative.
Subsequent to June 30, 2015, S&P placed its ratings of Southern Company and the traditional operating companies on CreditWatch with negative implications.
Financing Activities
During the first six months of 2015, Southern Company issued approximately 3.2 million shares of common stock primarily through the employee equity compensation plan and received proceeds of approximately $116 million. Southern Company is not currently issuing shares of common stock through the Southern Investment Plan or its employee savings plan. All sales under the Southern Investment Plan and the employee savings plan are currently being funded with shares acquired on the open market by independent plan administrators.

35

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

On March 2, 2015, Southern Company announced a program to repurchase up to 20 million shares of Southern Company common stock to offset all or a portion of the incremental shares issued under its employee and director equity compensation plans, including through stock option exercises, until December 31, 2017. Under this program, approximately 2.6 million shares have been repurchased through June 30, 2015 at a total cost of approximately $115 million. Pursuant to board approval, Southern Company may repurchase shares through open market purchases or privately negotiated transactions, including accelerated or other share repurchase programs, in accordance with applicable securities laws.
The following table outlines the long-term debt financing activities for Southern Company and its subsidiaries for the first six months of 2015:
Company(a)
Senior
Note Issuances
 
Senior
Note Redemptions
 
Revenue
Bond
Issuances and
Reofferings
of Purchased
Bonds(b)
 
Revenue
Bond
Maturities and
Repurchases
 
Other
Long-Term
Debt
Issuances
 
Other
Long-Term
Debt Redemptions
and
Maturities(c)
 
(in millions)
Southern Company
$
600

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Alabama Power
975

 
250

 
80

 
134

 

 

Georgia Power

 
125

 
170

 
65

 
600

 
5

Mississippi Power

 

 

 

 

 
351

Southern Power
650

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 
9

Total
$
2,225

 
$
375

 
$
250

 
$
199

 
$
600

 
$
365

(a)
Gulf Power did not issue or redeem any long-term debt during the first six months of 2015.
(b)
Includes reoffering by Alabama Power of $80 million aggregate principal amount of revenue bonds previously purchased and held by Alabama Power since April 2015 and reofferings by Georgia Power of $104.6 million and $65 million aggregate principal amount of revenue bonds previously purchased and held by Georgia Power since 2013 and April 2015, respectively.
(c)
Includes reductions in capital lease obligations resulting from cash payments under capital leases.
In June 2015, Southern Company issued $600 million aggregate principal amount of Series 2015A 2.750% Senior Notes due June 15, 2020. The proceeds were used to pay a portion of Southern Company's outstanding short-term indebtedness and for other general corporate purposes.
Southern Company's subsidiaries used the proceeds of the debt issuance shown in the table above for their redemptions and maturities shown in the table above, to repay short-term indebtedness, and for general corporate purposes, including their continuous construction programs and, for Southern Power, its growth strategy.
Alabama Power's "Senior Note Issuances" reflected in the table above includes issuances in April 2015 of $175 million additional aggregate principal amount of its Series 2015A 3.750% Senior Notes due March 1, 2045 (Additional Series 2015A Senior Notes) and $250 million aggregate principal amount of its Series 2015B 2.800% Senior Notes due April 1, 2025 (Series 2015B Senior Notes). A portion of the proceeds of the Additional Series 2015A Senior Notes and the Series 2015B Senior Notes were used to redeem in May 2015 6.48 million shares ($162 million aggregate stated capital) of Alabama Power's 5.20% Class A Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends to the redemption date, 4.0 million shares ($100 million aggregate stated capital) of Alabama Power's 5.30% Class A Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends to the redemption date, and 6.0 million shares ($150 million aggregate stated capital) of Alabama Power's 5.625% Series Preference Stock at a redemption price of $25 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends to the redemption date, and the remaining net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including Alabama Power's continuous construction program.

36

SOUTHERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Georgia Power's "Other Long-Term Debt Issuances" reflected in the table above include borrowings under the FFB Credit Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $600 million in June 2015. The interest rate applicable to the $600 million principal amount is 3.283% for an interest period that extends to the final maturity date of February 20, 2044. The proceeds were used to reimburse Georgia Power for Eligible Project Costs relating to the construction of Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4. Georgia Power settled $350 million of interest rate swaps related to this borrowing for approximately $6 million, which will be amortized to interest expense over 10 years.
In March 2015, Georgia Power entered into a $250 million aggregate principal amount three-month floating rate bank loan bearing interest based on one-month LIBOR. The proceeds were used for working capital and other general corporate purposes and the loan was repaid at maturity.
In April 2015, Mississippi Power entered into two floating rate bank loans with a maturity date of April 1, 2016, in an aggregate principal amount of $475 million, bearing interest based on one-month LIBOR. The proceeds of these loans were used for the repayment of term loans in an aggregate principal amount of $275 million, working capital, and other general corporate purposes, including Mississippi Power's ongoing construction program. Mississippi Power also amended three outstanding floating rate bank loans for an aggregate principal amount of $425 million which, among other things, extended the maturity dates from various dates in 2015 to April 1, 2016.
In June 2015, Gulf Power entered into a three-month floating rate bank loan bearing interest based on one-month LIBOR. This short-term loan was for $40 million aggregate principal amount and the proceeds were used for credit support, working capital, and other general corporate purposes.
In addition to the amounts reflected in the table above, Mississippi Power previously received a total of $275 million of deposits from SMEPA that were required to be returned to SMEPA with interest in connection with the termination of the APA. On June 3, 2015, Southern Company, pursuant to its guarantee obligation, returned approximately $301 million to SMEPA. Subsequently, Mississippi Power issued an 18-month floating rate promissory note to Southern Company in an aggregate principal amount of approximately $301 million bearing interest based on one-month LIBOR. See Note (B) to the Condensed Financial Statements under "Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle – Termination of Proposed Sale of Undivided Interest to SMEPA" herein for additional information.
Subsequent to June 30, 2015, Southern Power Company repaid at maturity $525 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.875% Senior Notes on July 15, 2015.
Also subsequent to June 30, 2015, $97.925 million aggregate principal amount of the Development Authority of Putnam County (Georgia) Pollution Control Revenue Bonds (Georgia Power Company Plant Branch Project), First Series 1996, First Series 1997, Second Series 1997, and First Series 1998 were redeemed.
Also subsequent to June 30, 2015, Gulf Power announced the redemption in September 2015 of $60 million aggregate principal amount of its Series L 5.65% Senior Notes due September 1, 2035.
In addition to any financings that may be necessary to meet capital requirements and contractual obligations, Southern Company and its subsidiaries plan to continue, when economically feasible, a program to retire higher-cost securities and replace these obligations with lower-cost capital if market conditions permit.

37


PART I
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
During the six months ended June 30, 2015, there were no material changes to each registrant's disclosures about market risk. For an in-depth discussion of each registrant's market risks, see MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY – "Market Price Risk" of each registrant in Item 7 of the Form 10-K and Note 1 to the financial statements of each registrant under "Financial Instruments," Note 11 to the financial statements of Southern Company, Alabama Power, and Georgia Power, Note 10 to the financial statements of Gulf Power and Mississippi Power, and Note 9 to the financial statements of Southern Power in Item 8 of the Form 10-K. Also, see Note (H) to the Condensed Financial Statements herein for information relating to derivative instruments.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
(a)
Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.
As of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, Southern Company, Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, Mississippi Power, and Southern Power Company conducted separate evaluations under the supervision and with the participation of each company's management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Sections 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Based upon these evaluations, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, in each case, concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
(b)
Changes in internal controls.
There have been no changes in Southern Company's, Alabama Power's, Georgia Power's, Gulf Power's, Mississippi Power's, or Southern Power Company's internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) during the second quarter 2015 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect Southern Company's, Alabama Power's, Georgia Power's, Gulf Power's, Mississippi Power's, or Southern Power Company's internal control over financial reporting.

38


ALABAMA POWER COMPANY

39


ALABAMA POWER COMPANY
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
Operating Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail revenues
$
1,326

 
$
1,249

 
$
2,594

 
$
2,546

Wholesale revenues, non-affiliates
57

 
65

 
123

 
150

Wholesale revenues, affiliates
20

 
68

 
35

 
137

Other revenues
52

 
55

 
104

 
112

Total operating revenues
1,455

 
1,437

 
2,856

 
2,945

Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fuel
343

 
414

 
653

 
846

Purchased power, non-affiliates
45

 
39

 
86

 
96

Purchased power, affiliates
49

 
37

 
103

 
86

Other operations and maintenance
370

 
330

 
768

 
655

Depreciation and amortization
160

 
172

 
318

 
347

Taxes other than income taxes
90

 
88

 
184

 
177

Total operating expenses
1,057

 
1,080

 
2,112

 
2,207

Operating Income
398

 
357

 
744

 
738

Other Income and (Expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction
14

 
11

 
29

 
21

Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
(69
)
 
(63
)
 
(134
)
 
(125
)
Other income (expense), net
(14
)
 
(3
)
 
(18
)
 
(8
)
Total other income and (expense)
(69
)
 
(55
)
 
(123
)
 
(112
)
Earnings Before Income Taxes
329

 
302

 
621

 
626

Income taxes
122

 
119

 
235

 
246

Net Income
207

 
183

 
386

 
380

Dividends on Preferred and Preference Stock
7

 
10

 
17

 
20

Net Income After Dividends on Preferred and Preference Stock
$
200

 
$
173

 
$
369

 
$
360


CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
Net Income
$
207

 
$
183

 
$
386

 
$
380

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qualifying hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in fair value, net of tax of $3, $-, $- and $-, respectively
5

 

 
1

 

Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income,
net of tax of $-, $-, $1, and $-, respectively

 

 
1

 
1

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
5

 

 
2

 
1

Comprehensive Income
$
212

 
$
183

 
$
388

 
$
381

The accompanying