-----BEGIN PRIVACY-ENHANCED MESSAGE----- Proc-Type: 2001,MIC-CLEAR Originator-Name: webmaster@www.sec.gov Originator-Key-Asymmetric: MFgwCgYEVQgBAQICAf8DSgAwRwJAW2sNKK9AVtBzYZmr6aGjlWyK3XmZv3dTINen TWSM7vrzLADbmYQaionwg5sDW3P6oaM5D3tdezXMm7z1T+B+twIDAQAB MIC-Info: RSA-MD5,RSA, JcfWK/dkWRLvIogofVFEx2zKnWOwvUZXghN5vryOR5WlKapcsAz6/qedhKtTsCJj ERCJT/ry8e6aVTPxgRpCpA== 0001104659-08-031640.txt : 20080509 0001104659-08-031640.hdr.sgml : 20080509 20080509112229 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001104659-08-031640 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 5 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20080331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20080509 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20080509 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000920424 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SECURITY BROKERS, DEALERS & FLOTATION COMPANIES [6211] IRS NUMBER: 133757717 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-32722 FILM NUMBER: 08816718 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 380 MADISON AVE STREET 2: 4TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10017 BUSINESS PHONE: 2125884000 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 380 MADISON AVE STREET 2: 4TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10017 10-Q 1 a08-11518_110q.htm 10-Q

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

 

 

 

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

 

for the fiscal period ended March 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

 

for the transition period from              to                

 

 

Commission File Number 001-32722

 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

95 - 2848406

(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

Organization)

 

 

 

 

 

380 Madison Avenue, New York, New York

 

(212) 588 - 4000

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

 

10017

 

 

(Zip Code)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x   No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

 

 

 

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes o   No x

 

At May 1, 2007, the Registrant had 43,726,046 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding.

 

 



 

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I. — Financial Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition:
March 31, 2008 (unaudited) and December 31, 2007

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2008 and 2007

5

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2008

6

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2008 and 2007

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

8

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

25

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

25

 

 

 

 

PART II. — Other Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

25

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

25

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26

 

 

 

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

26

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

26

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

27

 

 

 

 

Signature

27

 

Investment Technology Group, ITG, ITG Dark Algorithm, ITG Logic, ITG Opt, ITG Web Access, Macgregor, POSIT, Quantex, RouteNet, Triton and AlterNet are registered trademarks or service marks of the Investment Technology Group, Inc. companies. Alpha Capture, Broker Edge, End-to-End Trading Solutions, ITG Algorithms, ITG Channel, ITG Compliance, ITG Data Analytics, ITG Derivatives, ITG Fair Value, ITG List-Based Algorithms, ITG Matrix, ITG Net, ITG Routers, ITG Single-Stock Algorithms, ITG Single Ticket Clearing, ITG TCA, ITG Trade Ops, ITG Triton X, ITG Wealth Management, Match Now, Macgregor Electronic Trading, Macgregor XIP, Plexus Plan Sponsor Group, PAEG/L, POSIT Match, POSIT Now, POSIT VWAP, Powered by POSIT, Predator, Radical and Sponsor Monitor are trademarks or service marks of the Investment Technology Group, Inc. companies. BLOCKalert is a service mark of the Block Alert LLC joint venture.

 

2



 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

In addition to the historical information contained throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements regarding our expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, dividends, financing plans, business strategies, competitive positions, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and those concerning securities markets and economic trends are forward-looking statements. Although we believe our expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, there can be no assurance that such expectations will prove to have been correct. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements herein include, among others, the actions of both current and potential new competitors, rapid changes in technology, fluctuations in market trading volumes, financial market volatility, evolving industry regulations, risk of errors or malfunctions in our systems or technology, cash flows into or redemptions from equity funds, effects of inflation, customer trading patterns, the success of our new products and services offerings, our ability to successfully integrate companies we have acquired, as well as general economic and business conditions, internationally or nationally, securities, credit and financial market conditions, and adverse changes or volatility in interest rates. Certain of these factors, and other factors, are more fully discussed in Item 1A “Risk Factors”, and Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2007, which you are encouraged to read. Our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders and Form 10-K are also available through our website at http://investor.itg.com.

 

3



 

PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

265,811

 

$

183,757

 

Cash restricted or segregated under regulations and other

 

55,145

 

71,300

 

Deposits with clearing organizations

 

41,272

 

43,284

 

Securities owned, at fair value

 

10,992

 

8,022

 

Receivables from brokers, dealers and clearing organizations

 

1,037,109

 

551,059

 

Receivables from customers

 

1,152,371

 

676,522

 

Premises and equipment, net

 

45,834

 

45,886

 

Capitalized software, net

 

55,321

 

50,892

 

Goodwill

 

422,567

 

422,774

 

Other intangibles, net

 

30,631

 

31,318

 

Deferred taxes

 

4,543

 

2,282

 

Other assets

 

12,369

 

13,791

 

Total assets

 

$

3,133,965

 

$

2,100,887

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

185,154

 

$

186,463

 

Short-term bank loans

 

35,000

 

101,400

 

Payables to brokers, dealers and clearing organizations

 

1,104,551

 

497,124

 

Payables to customers

 

906,778

 

457,105

 

Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value

 

551

 

859

 

Income taxes payable

 

34,587

 

18,320

 

Deferred taxes

 

1,977

 

2,821

 

Long term debt

 

123,000

 

132,500

 

Total liabilities

 

2,391,598

 

1,396,592

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 51,540,282 and 51,503,221 shares issued at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively, and; 43,702,060 and 43,462,885 shares outstanding at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively

 

515

 

515

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

212,069

 

210,071

 

Retained earnings

 

684,665

 

651,677

 

Common stock held in treasury, at cost; 7,838,222 and 8,040,336 shares at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively

 

(174,360

)

(177,928

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (net of tax)

 

19,478

 

19,960

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

742,367

 

704,295

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

3,133,965

 

$

2,100,887

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4



 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

Commissions

 

$

176,227

 

$

143,913

 

Recurring

 

21,645

 

19,182

 

Other

 

6,406

 

5,833

 

Total revenues

 

204,278

 

168,928

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and employee benefits

 

67,628

 

58,515

 

Transaction processing

 

24,349

 

25,326

 

Occupancy and equipment

 

13,100

 

11,220

 

Telecommunications and data processing services

 

12,750

 

9,134

 

Other general and administrative

 

25,185

 

19,606

 

Interest expense

 

2,213

 

2,785

 

Total expenses

 

145,225

 

126,586

 

Income before income tax expense

 

59,053

 

42,342

 

Income tax expense

 

26,065

 

17,632

 

Net income

 

$

32,988

 

$

24,710

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.56

 

Diluted

 

$

0.75

 

$

0.55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding

 

43,629

 

44,074

 

Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding

 

44,231

 

44,838

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5



 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2008

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

Preferred
Stock

 

Common
Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 

Retained
Earnings

 

Common
Stock
Held in
Treasury

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income

 

Total
Stockholders’
Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2008

 

$

 

$

515

 

$

210,071

 

$

651,677

 

$

(177,928

)

$

19,960

 

$

704,295

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

32,988

 

 

 

32,988

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

(182

)

(182

)

Unrealized holding gain on securities available-for-sale (net of tax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

173

 

173

 

Unrealized loss on hedging instruments (net of tax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(473

)

(473

)

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

32,506

 

Issuance of common stock for employee stock options (83,968 shares), restricted share awards (105,619 shares) and employee stock unit awards (49,410 shares), including excess tax benefit of $1.6 million

 

 

 

(1,893

)

 

5,304

 

 

3,411

 

Issuance of common stock for the employee stock purchase plan (37,061 shares)

 

 

 

1,255

 

 

 

 

1,255

 

Settlement of share-based awards (36,883 shares)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,736

)

 

(1,736

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

2,636

 

 

 

 

2,636

 

Balance at March 31, 2008

 

$

 

$

515

 

$

212,069

 

$

684,665

 

$

(174,360

)

$

19,478

 

$

742,367

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6



 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Cash flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

32,988

 

$

24,710

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by/ (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

11,648

 

7,636

 

Deferred income tax expense

 

4,411

 

1,714

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

668

 

413

 

Share-based compensation

 

2,636

 

1,956

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash restricted or segregated under regulations and other

 

16,229

 

(1,378

)

Deposits with clearing organizations

 

2,012

 

 

Securities owned, at fair value

 

(120

)

(838

)

Receivables from brokers, dealers and clearing organizations

 

(489,957

)

(221,773

)

Receivables from customers

 

(490,903

)

(377,464

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

(1,111

)

(12,041

)

Payables to brokers, dealers and clearing organizations

 

623,899

 

312,505

 

Payables to customers

 

451,079

 

255,519

 

Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value

 

(300

)

1,665

 

Income taxes payable

 

10,177

 

9,025

 

Excess tax benefit from share-based payment arrangements

 

(1,614

)

(3,526

)

Other, net

 

(874

)

935

 

Net cash provided by / (used in) operating activities

 

170,868

 

(942

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of investments

 

 

800

 

Capital purchases

 

(4,868

)

(5,270

)

Capitalization of software development costs

 

(9,747

)

(8,987

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(14,615

)

(13,457

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Payments on short-term bank loans

 

(66,400

)

 

Payments on debt

 

(9,500

)

(7,100

)

Excess tax benefit from share-based payment arrangements

 

1,614

 

3,526

 

Common stock issued

 

3,053

 

9,148

 

Settlement of share-based awards

 

(1,736

)

 

Net cash (used in) / provided by financing activities

 

(72,969

)

5,574

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(1,230

)

205

 

Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

82,054

 

(8,620

)

Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of year

 

183,757

 

321,298

 

Cash and cash equivalents — end of period

 

$

265,811

 

$

312,678

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

2,852

 

$

3,889

 

Income taxes paid

 

$

10,922

 

$

6,589

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7



 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

(1) Organization and Basis of Presentation

 

Investment Technology Group, Inc. (“ITG” or the “Company”) was formed as a Delaware corporation on July 22, 1983. Its principal subsidiaries and affiliates include: (1) ITG Inc., AlterNet Securities, Inc. (“AlterNet”) and ITG Derivatives LLC (“ITG Derivatives”), United States (“U.S.”) broker-dealers, (2) Investment Technology Group Limited (“ITG Europe”), an institutional broker-dealer in Europe, (3) ITG Australia Limited (“ITG Australia”), an institutional broker-dealer in Australia, (4) ITG Canada Corp. (“ITG Canada”), an institutional broker-dealer in Canada, (5) ITG Hong Kong Limited (“ITG Hong Kong”), an institutional broker-dealer in Hong Kong, (6) ITG Japan Ltd. (“ITG Japan”), an institutional broker-dealer in Japan, (7) ITG Software Solutions, Inc., our intangible property, software development and maintenance subsidiary in the U.S., (8) ITG Solutions Network, Inc., (“ITG Solutions Network”) a holding company for ITG Analytics, Inc. (“ITG Analytics”), a provider of pre- and post- trade analysis, fair value and trade optimization services, The Macgregor Group, Inc. (“Macgregor”), a leading provider of trade order management technology and connectivity services for the financial community and Plexus Plan Sponsor Group, Inc. (“Plexus”), a provider of transaction cost analysis and transition consulting and related services to the plan sponsor community, and (9) Block Alert LLC (“BLOCKalert”), a 50% owned joint venture.

 

Investment Technology Group, Inc. (NYSE: ITG), is a specialized agency brokerage and technology firm that partners with clients globally to provide innovative solutions spanning the entire investment process. A pioneer in electronic trading, ITG has a unique approach that combines pre-trade, order management, trade execution and post-trade tools to provide clients with continuous improvements in trading and cost efficiency. The firm is headquartered in New York with offices in North America, Europe and the Asia Pacific region.

 

The Company has three reportable operating segments: U.S. Operations, Canadian Operations and International Operations.  The U.S. Operations segment provides trading, trade order management, connectivity and research services to institutional investors, plan sponsors, brokers, alternative investment funds and money managers. The Canadian Operations segment provides trading, as well as connectivity and research services. The International Operations segment includes our trading, connectivity and research service businesses in Europe, Australia, Hong Kong and Japan (the latter three of which may be collectively referred to as “Asia Pacific”), as well as a research and development facility in Israel.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which in the opinion of management, are necessary for the fair presentation of results.  Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.  Certain revenues previously included in other revenues were reclassified to commissions in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

 

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and regulations; however, management believes that the disclosures herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. This report should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

On February 15, 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued FASB Statement No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“FAS 159”). FAS 159 provides companies with an option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value. A company that adopts FAS 159 will measure, at specified election dates, many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently measured at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected will be reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date, with any differences between the carrying

 

8



 

amount of the selected item and its fair value as of the adoption date being included as a cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings. The objective of the standard is to reduce both complexity in accounting for financial instruments and the volatility in earnings caused by measuring related assets and liabilities differently, as required under existing accounting principles. The standard also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between entities that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. The standard does not affect any literature that requires certain assets and liabilities to be carried at fair value. FAS 159 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, with earlier adoption permitted. The adoption of FAS 159 did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations or financial condition.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued FASB Statement No. 141(R), “Business Combinations”, (“FAS 141R”) and FASB Statement No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Statements, an amendment of ARB No. 51”, (“FAS 160”). These new standards will significantly change the accounting for and reporting of business combination transactions and noncontrolling (minority) interests in consolidated financial statements. In addition to expanding the scope of acquisition accounting to all transactions and circumstances under which control of a business is obtained, significant changes in the accounting for business combination transactions resulting from the issuance of FAS 141R include: (i) recognition, with certain exceptions, of 100 percent of the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses, (ii) measurement of all acquirer shares issued in consideration for a business combination at fair value on the acquisition date (nullification of EITF Issue 99-12), (iii) recognition of contingent consideration arrangements at their acquisition-date fair values, with subsequent changes in fair value generally reflected in earnings, (iv) with limited exception, the recognition of preacquisition gain and loss contingencies at their acquisition-date fair values, (v) capitalization of in-process research and development assets acquired at acquisition date fair value, (vi) recognition of acquisition-related transaction costs as expense when incurred, (vii) recognition of acquisition-related restructuring cost accruals in acquisition accounting only if the criteria in FASB Statement 146 are met as of the acquisition date, and (viii) recognition of changes in the acquirer’s income tax valuation allowance resulting from the business combination separately from the business combination as adjustments to income tax expense.

 

Significant changes in the accounting for noncontrolling (minority) interests resulting from the issuance of FAS 160 include: (i) classification of noncontrolling interests as a component of consolidated shareholders’ equity, (ii) earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests are reported as part of consolidated earnings and not as a separate component of income or expense with earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest disclosed on the face of the income statement (the elimination of “minority interest” accounting in results of operations), (iii) attribution of losses to the noncontrolling interest is required, even when those losses exceed the noncontrolling interest in the equity of the subsidiary, (iv) accounting for both increases and decreases in a parent’s controlling ownership interest that do not result in a loss of control of the subsidiary as transactions in the equity of the consolidated entity, and (v) accounting for changes in a parent’s ownership interest that result in the loss of control of the subsidiary as a new basis recognition event that results in a gain or loss recognition on both the transaction in which control is ceded and on the revaluation to fair value of any retained ownership interest in the henceforth unconsolidated entity. In consolidated financial statements issued after the effectiveness of FAS 160, retroactive restatement of prior periods is required for the effectives described in points (i) and (ii) above.

 

FAS 141R and FAS 160 are required to be adopted simultaneously and are effective for the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. We do not expect the adoption of FAS 141R and FAS 160 to have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In March 2008, the FASB issued FASB Statement No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, an amendment of FASB No. 133”, (“FAS 161”).  FAS 161 applies to all derivative instruments and related hedged items accounted for under FASB Statement No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (“FAS 133”).  FAS 161 requires entities to provide greater transparency about (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under FAS 133 and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.  FAS 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim period beginning after November 15, 2008, with early adoption permitted.  We believe the principal impact of adopting FAS 161 will be to require us to expand our disclosure regarding derivative instruments.

 

(2) Fair Value Measurements

 

We adopted FASB Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“FAS 157”) effective January 1, 2008.  FAS 157 does not expand the use of fair value in any new circumstances, but rather defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, as well as a fair value hierarchy based upon the inputs used to measure fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.

 

9



 

FAS 157 applies to all financial instruments that are measured and reported on a fair value basis. We include items reported at fair value in “securities owned, at fair value”, “securities sold, but not yet purchased, at fair value”, “cash and cash equivalents” and “accounts payable and accrued expenses” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

 

As defined in FAS 157, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, we use various methods including market, income and cost approaches. Based on these approaches, we often use certain assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and or the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable firm inputs. We use valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Based on the observability of the inputs used in the valuation techniques, we categorize our fair value measured financial instruments according to the fair value hierarchy prescribed by FAS 157. The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

 

·                  Level 1: Fair value measurements using unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

 

·                  Level 2: Fair value measurements using correlation with (directly or indirectly) observable market based inputs, unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data, or quoted prices in markets that are not active.

 

·                  Level 3: Fair value measurements using inputs that are significant and not corroborated by market data.

 

Level 1 consists of financial instruments whose value is based on quoted market prices such as exchange-traded mutual funds and listed equities.

 

Level 2 includes financial instruments that are valued using models or other valuation methodologies. These models are primarily industry standard models that consider various assumptions including time value, yield curve, and other relevant economic measures. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace, can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace. Financial instruments in this category include non-exchange-traded derivatives such as interest rate swaps and currency forward contracts.

 

Level 3 is comprised of financial instruments whose fair value is estimated based on internally developed models or methodologies utilizing significant inputs that are generally less readily observable.  We currently do not have any Level 3 assets or liabilities.

 

The adoption of FAS 157 had a minimal effect on the values of those financial assets and liabilities which we carry at fair value.  Fair value measurements on a recurring basis are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2008

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax free money market mutual funds

 

$

5,926

 

$

5,926

 

$

 

$

 

Money market mutual funds

 

5,054

 

5,054

 

 

 

U.S. Government money market mutual funds

 

166,953

 

166,953

 

 

 

Securities owned, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trading securities

 

1,549

 

1,549

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

3,421

 

3,421

 

 

 

Equity index mutual funds

 

3,699

 

3,699

 

 

 

Bond mutual funds

 

2,323

 

2,323

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

188,925

 

$

188,925

 

$

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency forward contracts

 

$

2,088

 

$

 

$

2,088

 

$

 

Interest rate swaps

 

1,598

 

 

1,598

 

 

Securities sold, not yet purchased:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

551

 

551

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

$

4,237

 

$

551

 

$

3,686

 

$

 

 

10



 

Cash and cash equivalents include money market mutual funds (principally U.S. and U.S. Government money market mutual funds), which are exchange traded.

 

Securities owned, at fair value and securities sold, not yet purchased includes common stocks, equity index mutual funds and bond mutual funds, all of which are exchange traded.

 

Interest rate swaps are valued based upon forward interest rate settings, as well as credit risk, and approximate the discounted net cash flow which would have been realized if the swaps had been sold at the balance sheet date.  Forward foreign exchange contracts are valued based upon forward exchange rates and approximate the credit risk adjusted discounted net cash flow which would have been realized if the contracts had been sold at the balance sheet date.

 

(3) Derivative Instruments

 

Derivative Contracts

 

All derivative instruments are recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition at fair value in accounts payable and accrued expenses. Recognition of the gain or loss that results from recording and adjusting a derivative to fair value depends on the intended purpose for entering into the derivative contract. Gains and losses from derivatives that are not accounted for as hedges under FAS 133, are recognized immediately in earnings. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a fair value hedge, the gains or losses from adjusting the derivative to its fair value will be immediately recognized in earnings and, to the extent the hedge is effective, offset the concurrent recognition of changes in the fair value of the hedged item. Gains or losses from derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge will be recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition in accumulated other comprehensive income until the hedged transaction is recognized in earnings; however, to the extent the hedge is deemed ineffective, the ineffective portion of the change in fair value of the derivative will be recognized immediately in earnings. For discontinued cash flow hedges, prospective changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in income. Any gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income at the time the hedge is discontinued will continue to be deferred until the original forecasted transaction occurs. However, if it is determined that the likelihood of the original forecasted transaction is no longer probable, the entire related gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income is immediately reclassified into income.

 

Cash Flow Hedges

 

During the first quarter of 2006, we entered into interest rate swaps to hedge the variability of our London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) based interest payments that we believed were probable to occur over the next three years. The interest rate swaps were designated as the hedging instruments in a cash flow hedge. For interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges, we measure effectiveness using the Hypothetical Derivative Method, which compares the change in fair value of the actual swap designated as the hedging instrument and the change in the fair value of the hypothetical swap, which has terms that identically match the critical terms of the floating rate liabilities. We also monitor the abilities of  swap participants to fully satisfy their obligations under the swap agreements. During the three months ended March 31, 2008 (“First Quarter 2008”), the quarterly net settlements from these swaps increased interest expense by less than $0.1 million.Based on the current interest rate environment, approximately $0.9 million of the after-tax realized loss within accumulated other comprehensive income is expected to be reclassified into earnings in the next twelve months.

 

Fair Value Hedges

 

We enter into rolling three month forward contracts to sell Euros and buy British Pounds to economically hedge against currency movements on Euro deposits we hold in banks across Europe for trading settlement.  The notional amounts of the contracts are adjusted on the rollover date if necessary.  As we have not designated these contracts as hedges under FAS 133, the changes to their fair values are recognized immediately in earnings.

 

11



 

The following table summarizes our derivative instruments (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Asset / (Liability)

 

 

 

Carrying Value

 

Fair Value

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Interest rate swaps

 

$

(1,598

)

$

(807

)

$

(1,598

)

$

(807

)

Currency forward contracts

 

(2,088

)

(984

)

(2,088

)

(984

)

 

(4) Cash Restricted or Segregated Under Regulations and Other

 

Cash restricted or segregated under regulations and other represents (i) funds on deposit for the purpose of securing working capital facilities for clearing and settlement activities in Hong Kong, (ii) a special reserve bank account for the exclusive benefit of customers (“Special Reserve Bank Account”) maintained by ITG Inc. in accordance with Rule 15c3-3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Customer Protection Rule”), (iii) funds relating to the securitization of a letter of credit and a bank guarantee supporting two U.S. leases, (iv) funds on deposit for European trade settlement activity, (v) a segregated balance maintained by our Japanese operations on behalf of its customers under certain directed brokerage arrangements, and (vi) funds relating to the securitization of a bank guarantee supporting an Australian lease.

 

(5) Securities Owned and Sold, Not Yet Purchased

 

The following is a summary of securities owned and sold, not yet purchased (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Securities Owned

 

Securities Sold, Not Yet
Purchased

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Corporate stocks—trading securities

 

$

1,549

 

$

1,337

 

$

551

 

$

859

 

Corporate stocks—available-for-sale

 

3,421

 

267

 

 

 

Mutual funds

 

6,022

 

6,418

 

 

 

Total

 

$

10,992

 

$

8,022

 

$

551

 

$

859

 

 

Securities owned consists of securities positions held by the Company resulting from temporary positions in securities in the normal course of our agency trading business, mutual fund positions, as well as 55,440 shares of common stock in the NYSE Group, Inc. (“NYX Shares”) we received in March 2006 as consideration in connection with the merger between the NYSE and Archipelago Holdings, Inc. (“the “NYSE Merger”).  In March 2008, 52,400 shares were reclassified from investments at cost to securities available-for-sale, as the restriction on their sale (ending on March 7, 2009) was less than one year.  At December 31, 2007, there were 3,040 shares classified as available-for-sale and 52,400 NYX Shares were classified as investments at cost in “other assets”.  For more information, see Note 6, “Securities Owned and Sold, Not Yet Purchased” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.

 

Securities sold not yet purchased consist of short positions in securities resulting from temporary positions in securities in the normal course of our agency trading business.

 

Unrealized holding gains and losses for available-for-sale securities are reported in other comprehensive income until realized.

 

(6) Income Taxes

 

On January 1, 2007, we adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”), which addressed the determination of how tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under FIN 48, a company must recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate resolution. The cumulative impact of our reassessment of uncertain tax positions in accordance with FIN 48 did not have a material impact on the results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.

 

As of the adoption date, we had accrued interest expense of $4.6 million, gross of related tax effects of $1.8 million, related to our unrecognized tax benefits. As of March 31, 2008 we had accrued interest expense of $6.6 million, gross of related tax effects of $2.6 million, related to the unrecognized tax benefits. As a continuing policy, we recognize interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. Penalties, if incurred, would also be recognized as a component of income tax expense.

 

12



 

(7) Goodwill and Other Intangibles

 

The following is a summary of goodwill and other intangibles (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

Other Intangibles, Net

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

U.S. Operations

 

$

387,871

 

$

388,105

 

$

29,214

 

$

29,887

 

International Operations

 

34,696

 

34,669

 

1,417

 

1,431

 

Total

 

$

422,567

 

$

422,774

 

$

30,631

 

$

31,318

 

 

Amortizable other intangibles are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives, which range from three to eighteen years. During First Quarter 2008, we recognized intangible amortization expense of $0.7 million.  At March 31, 2008, other intangible assets not subject to amortization amounted to $9.7 million, of which $9.2 million related to POSIT and certain other trade names.

 

During First Quarter 2008, no goodwill or intangibles were deemed impaired and accordingly, no write-off was required.

 

(8) Receivables and Payables

 

Receivables from and Payables to Brokers, Dealers and Clearing Organizations

 

The following is a summary of receivables from and payables to brokers, dealers and clearing organizations (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Receivables from

 

Payables to

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Broker-dealers

 

$

977,664

 

$

437,877

 

$

1,095,879

 

$

478,295

 

Clearing organizations

 

28,004

 

1,044

 

221

 

18,829

 

Deposits for securities borrowed

 

33,592

 

113,601

 

 

 

Securities loaned

 

 

 

8,451

 

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

(2,151

)

(1,463

)

 

 

Total

 

$

1,037,109

 

$

551,059

 

$

1,104,551

 

$

497,124

 

 

Receivables from and Payables to Customers

 

The following is a summary of receivables from and payables to customers (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Receivables from

 

Payables to

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Customers

 

$

1,154,633

 

$

678,875

 

$

906,778

 

$

457,105

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

(2,262

)

(2,353

)

 

 

Total

 

$

1,152,371

 

$

676,522

 

$

906,778

 

$

457,105

 

 

13



 

(9) Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

 

The following is a summary of accounts payable and accrued expenses (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Accrued soft dollar research payables

 

$

48,268

 

$

39,696

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

38,844

 

46,356

 

Deferred compensation

 

29,362

 

29,223

 

Trade payables

 

22,959

 

27,440

 

Deferred revenue

 

13,268

 

13,580

 

Acquisition payment obligation

 

5,511

 

5,606

 

Accrued transaction processing

 

3,380

 

2,382

 

Other accrued expenses

 

23,562

 

22,180

 

Total

 

$

185,154

 

$

186,463

 

 

(10) Short-Term Bank Loans

 

We fund our U.S. securities settlement operations with operating cash or with short-term bank loans. We have established pledge facilities with two banks, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and The Bank of New York Mellon, for this purpose.  Borrowings under these arrangements bear interest at federal funds rate plus a spread of 50 – 100 basis points, depending upon the amount borrowed and are repayable on demand (generally the next business day).  The short-term bank loans are collateralized by the securities underlying the transactions, which equal up to 125% of the borrowings.  At March 31, 2008, we had $35.0 million in short-term bank loans under these pledge facilities at a weighted average interest rate of 3.125%.

 

We also have a $15 million unsecured line of credit with The Bank of New York Mellon bearing interest at a negotiated rate.  Each advance under the line of credit is due at a specified maturity date with no prepayment option.  At March 31, 2008, we had no borrowings outstanding under this facility.

 

(11) Long Term Debt

 

On January 3, 2006, we entered into a $225 million credit agreement (“Credit Agreement”) fully underwritten by a syndicate of banks. The Credit Agreement consists of a five-year term loan in the amount of $200 million (“Term Loan”) and a five-year revolving facility in the amount of $25 million (“Revolving Loan”). We utilized the $200 million Term Loan on January 3, 2006, to partially finance the Macgregor and Plexus acquisitions. The Revolving Loan of $25 million is available for future working capital purposes and has no outstanding balance at March 31, 2008. The current borrowings under the Term Loan bear interest based upon the Three-Month LIBOR plus a margin of 1.25%. We incurred $2.3 million of debt issuance costs, primarily underwriting fees, related to the creation of the facility. The debt issuance costs are included in other assets on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition and are amortized to interest expense over the life of the loan.

 

At March 31, 2008, we had $123.0 million in outstanding debt under the Term Loan following scheduled principal payments of $9.5 million in First Quarter 2008. The terms of our credit facility include certain restrictions on the cash proceeds of any sale or issuance of equity, the incurrence of certain further indebtedness, and the sale or other disposition of any of our subsidiaries or assets.

 

Principal and interest payments on the Term Loan are due on a quarterly basis. The remaining scheduled principal repayments are as follows (dollars in millions):

 

Year

 

 

Aggregate Amount

 

2008

 

$

28.5

 

2009

 

47.6

 

2010

 

46.9

 

 

 

$

123.0

 

 

Interest expense on the credit facility, including amortization of debt issuance costs and net settlement payments on interest rate swaps, totaled $2.2 million in First Quarter 2008.

 

14



 

Pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement, we are required to maintain certain financial ratios and operating statistics, and are also be subject to certain operational limitations, including limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness, to make certain fundamental company changes (such as mergers, acquisitions and dispositions of assets), to make dividends and distributions on our capital stock and to undertake certain capital expenditures. Also in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, in March 2006 we entered into interest rate swap agreements which effectively fixed our interest rate on a portion of the outstanding Term Loan amount at 5.064% (plus a 1.25% margin) for a period of three years. As a result of mandatory principal prepayments, approximately 53% of our Term Loan was hedged by interest rate swap agreements at March 31, 2008.

 

(12) Earnings Per Share

 

The following is a reconciliation of the basic and diluted earnings per share computations (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

Net income for basic and diluted earnings per share

 

$

32,988

 

$

24,710

 

Shares of common stock and common stock equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

Average common shares used in basic computation

 

43,629

 

44,074

 

Effect of dilutive securities

 

602

 

764

 

Average common shares used in diluted computation

 

44,231

 

44,838

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.56

 

Diluted

 

$

0.75

 

$

0.55

 

 

The following is a summary of anti-dilutive options not included in the detailed earnings per share computations (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Three months ended

 

387

 

202

 

 

(13) Other Comprehensive Income

 

The components and allocated tax effects of other comprehensive income as of March 31, 2008, are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Before Tax
Effects

 

Tax
Effects

 

After Tax
Effects

 

Currency translation adjustment

 

$

20,203

 

$

 

$

20,203

 

Unrealized holding gain on securities, available-for-sale

 

384

 

(157

)

227

 

Unrealized loss on hedging activities

 

(1,598

)

646

 

(952

)

Total

 

$

18,989

 

$

489

 

$

19,478

 

 

Unrealized holding gains on securities, available-for-sale relates to the NYX Shares we received as part of the NYSE Merger on March 9, 2006.

 

Deferred taxes have not been provided on the cumulative undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries or the cumulative translation adjustment related to those investments since such amounts are expected to be reinvested indefinitely.

 

(14) Net Capital Requirement

 

ITG Inc., AlterNet, Blackwatch and ITG Derivatives are subject to the Uniform Net Capital Rule (Rule 15c3-1) under the Exchange Act, which requires the maintenance of minimum net capital. ITG Inc. has elected to use the alternative method permitted by Rule 15c3-1, which requires that ITG Inc. maintain minimum net capital equal to the greater of $1.0 million or 2% of aggregate debit balances arising from customer transactions. AlterNet, ITG Derivatives and Blackwatch have elected to use the basic method permitted by Rule 15c3-1, which requires that they maintain minimum net capital equal

 

15



 

to the greater of $100,000 for AlterNet, $500,000 for ITG Derivatives and $5,000 for Blackwatch, or 62/3% of aggregate indebtedness.

 

Our net capital balances and the amounts in excess of required net capital at March 31, 2008 for our U.S. Operations are as follows (dollars in millions):

 

 

 

Net Capital

 

Excess Net Capital

 

U.S. Operations

 

 

 

 

 

ITG Inc.

 

$

113.0

 

$

110.3

 

AlterNet

 

3.6

 

3.5

 

Blackwatch

 

4.3

 

4.1

 

ITG Derivatives

 

2.4

 

1.8

 

 

Dividends or withdrawals of capital cannot be made to the Company from these entities if they are needed to comply with regulatory requirements.

 

As of March 31, 2008, ITG Inc. had a $15.8 million cash balance in a Special Reserve Bank Account for the benefit of customers under the Customer Protection Rule pursuant to SEC Rule 15c3-3, “Computation for Determination of Reserve Requirements”.

 

In addition, our Canadian Operations and International Operations had regulatory capital in excess of the minimum requirements applicable to each business as of March 31, 2008 as summarized in the following table (dollars in millions):

 

 

 

Excess Net Capital

 

Canadian Operations

 

 

 

Canada

 

$

34.1

 

 

 

 

 

International Operations

 

 

 

Australia

 

$

4.2

 

Europe

 

21.3

 

Hong Kong

 

26.5

 

Japan

 

1.7

 

 

(15) Segment Reporting

 

Segment information is presented in accordance with FASB Statement No. 131, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information”.

 

The Company has three reportable operating segments: U.S. Operations, Canadian Operations and International Operations.  The U.S. Operations segment provides trading, trade order management, connectivity and research services to institutional investors, plan sponsors, brokers, alternative investment funds and money managers. The Canadian Operations segment provides trading, as well as connectivity and research services. The International Operations segment includes our trading, connectivity and research service businesses in Europe, Australia, Hong Kong and Japan (the latter three of which may be collectively referred to as “Asia Pacific”), as well as a research and development facility in Israel.

 

The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies described in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.  The Company allocates resources to, and evaluates performance of, its reportable segments based on income before income tax expense. Consistent with the Company’s allocation and evaluation methodology, the effects of inter-segment activities are eliminated and revenues are attributed to each segment based upon the location of execution of the related transaction in the information presented below.

 

16



 

A summary of the segment financial information is as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

U.S.
Operations

 

Canadian
Operations

 

International 
Operations

 

Consolidated

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

$

154,370

 

$

21,680

 

$

28,228

 

$

204,278

 

Income before income tax expense

 

53,994

 

6,664

 

(1,605

)

59,053

 

Identifiable assets

 

1,004,430

 

732,404

 

1,397,131

 

3,133,965

 

Capital purchases

 

4,021

 

377

 

470

 

4,868

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

$

131,571

 

$

16,341

 

$

21,016

 

$

168,928

 

Income before income tax expense

 

38,243

 

4,615

 

(516

)

42,342

 

Identifiable assets

 

792,592

 

251,172

 

1,017,023

 

2,060,787

 

Capital purchases

 

3,650

 

931

 

689

 

5,270

 

 

Revenue and long-lived assets, classified by the geographic region in which the Company operates, are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Revenues: Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

$

154,370

 

$

131,571

 

Canada

 

21,680

 

16,341

 

Europe

 

20,234

 

14,738

 

All other

 

7,994

 

6,278

 

Total

 

$

204,278

 

$

168,928

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-lived Assets at March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

$

502,312

 

$

466,780

 

Canada

 

5,448

 

2,292

 

Europe

 

38,880

 

34,799

 

All other

 

6,806

 

6,470

 

Total

 

$

553,446

 

$

510,341

 

 

The Company’s long-lived assets primarily consist of premises and equipment, capitalized software, goodwill, intangibles, debt issuance costs and investments in unconsolidated affiliates.

 

17



 

Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto.

 

Overview

 

We are a specialized agency brokerage and technology firm that partners with clients globally to provide innovative solutions spanning the entire investment process. We have three reportable segments: U.S. Operations, Canadian Operations and International Operations.  The U.S. Operations segment provides trading, trade order management, connectivity and research services to institutional investors, plan sponsors, brokers, alternative investment funds and money managers. The Canadian Operations segment provides trading, as well as connectivity and research services. The International Operations segment includes our trading, connectivity and research service businesses in Europe, Australia, Hong Kong and Japan (the latter three of which may be collectively referred to as “Asia Pacific”), as well as a research and development facility in Israel.

 

Our revenues principally consist of commissions from customers’ use of our trade execution services. Because commissions are earned on a per-transaction basis, such revenues fluctuate from period to period depending on (i) the volume of securities traded through our services in the U.S. and Canada, (ii) the contract value of securities traded in Europe and Asia Pacific, and (iii) our commission rates. Commission revenues are generated by orders delivered to us from our order and execution management products and other vendors’ products, as well as direct computer-to-computer links to customers through ITG Net (our financial communications network) and third party networks and phone orders from our customers. In Canada, we also generate revenue from interlisted arbitrage trading where we profit from small price differences by simultaneously purchasing and selling the same equity security in the Canadian and U.S. markets. We also generate recurring revenues, which are largely fee or subscription-based rather than transaction-based, and are therefore significantly less sensitive to fluctuations in the level of trading activity. Our subscription-based revenues principally consist of revenues from sales of analytical products, network connectivity and order management network services, as well as professional services.

 

We provide a comprehensive suite of products that span the trading continuum. In First Quarter 2008, we focused on certain strategic objectives, including global product growth, asset class diversification and the expansion of the ITG Net offering. We also continued to move forward with the development of ITG Triton X, the integration of our Triton and Macgregor XIP systems. The first version of ITG Triton X has been rolled out to some clients and we are working on improvements for the next version.

 

Our international strategy continued to make progress in First Quarter 2008, with our International and Canadian Operations (collectively) comprising 24% of revenues in First Quarter 2008 up from 22% in the three months ended March 31, 2007 (“First Quarter 2007”), primarily due to increases in the European and Asian market trading activity.  We also continued our efforts to roll out Triton to our international region.

 

We also made progress on our strategy to bring enhanced equity options and futures capabilities to our U.S. client base. ITG Matrix, the multi-asset class front end product, was rolled out to additional clients, and progress continues to be made toward adding multi-asset capabilities to ITG’s established front ends, Triton and Radical.

 

 

Executive Summary

 

In First Quarter 2008, our consolidated revenues increased 21% to $204.3 million, while our operating expenses grew 15% to $145.2 million, as compared to First Quarter 2007. Our reported net income for First Quarter 2008 was $33.0 million, or $0.75 per diluted share, as compared to $24.7 million, or $0.55 per diluted share, in First Quarter 2007.

 

Our U.S. commission revenues grew $21.5 million, or 19%, versus First Quarter 2007 as sustained market volatility contributed to strong volume growth.  Overall, First Quarter 2008 market volumes increased 48% on the NYSE and 12% on NASDAQ compared to First Quarter 2007, while ITG U.S. daily volumes were up 18% for the same period.  First Quarter 2008 daily trading volumes increased 26% at NYSE and 12% at NASDAQ over the fourth quarter of 2007, while ITG’s U.S. daily trading volumes increased 16% over the same period.  In First Quarter 2008, ITG’s volume as a percentage of the combined reported NYSE and NASDAQ volumes was 3.24% compared to 3.66% in First Quarter 2007.

 

18



 

Market volatility, as measured by the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX), has remained elevated since August 2007.  In this environment, strong performances from our diverse product suite helped drive our 19% commission revenue growth in the U.S.

 

Canadian commission revenues grew 28% versus First Quarter 2007 reflecting strong growth from our direct market access products.  Total Canadian revenues increased $5.3 million or 33% with pre-tax profitability of $6.7 million increasing 44% from First Quarter 2007.  Favorable exchange rate impact from a weakened U.S. Dollar added $3.1 million to total revenues and $0.9 million to pre-tax income.

 

International Operations revenues for First Quarter 2008 increased $7.2 million, or 34%, versus First Quarter 2007, reflecting a substantial increase in volume and the market value of executions.  Revenue growth also included $0.7 million of favorable exchange rate impact.  Our International Operations, posted a pre-tax loss of $1.6 million, which included $0.6 million of unfavorable exchange rate impact, despite strong commission revenue growth, reflecting our continued investment in the expansion and globalization of our product line.

 

Results of Operations — Three Months Ended March 31, 2008 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2007

 

U.S. Operations

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

$ in thousands

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Change

 

% Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commission

 

$

131,573

 

$

110,113

 

$

21,460

 

19

 

Recurring

 

20,407

 

18,378

 

2,029

 

11

 

Other

 

2,390

 

3,080

 

(690

)

(22

)

Total revenues

 

154,370

 

131,571

 

22,799

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and employee benefits

 

49,959

 

44,062

 

5,897

 

13

 

Transaction processing

 

11,480

 

15,569

 

(4,089

)

(26

)

Other expenses

 

36,724

 

30,912

 

5,812

 

19

 

Interest expense

 

2,213

 

2,785

 

(572

)

(21

)

Total expenses

 

100,376

 

93,328

 

7,048

 

8

 

Income before income tax expense

 

$

53,994

 

$

38,243

 

$

15,751

 

41

 

Pre-tax margin

 

35.0

%

29.1

%

5.9

%

 

 

 

U.S. revenues increased 17%, with ITG Derivatives, acquired in the third quarter of 2007, contributing $6.0 million to total revenue growth.

 

Commission revenues included strong performances from our direct market access and desk products, which contributed to the overall average daily share volume growth of 18%.  Additionally, we earned commission revenues of $4.8 million (versus $1.3 million in First Quarter 2007) as a result of revenue sharing arrangements with other broker-dealers that are executing with our customers via algorithms integrated into our front-end products. This was partially offset by a reduction in average revenue per share, as shown in the Key Indicators table below. Transaction processing costs declined $4.1 million, or 26%, as we have benefited from our move to a self-clearing broker-dealer in May 2007.  We  also lowered our execution costs as we migrated towards lower execution venues and received rebates totaling $1.4 million from the National Securities Clearing Corporation and the Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Operations: Key Indicators

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Change

 

% Change

 

Total trading volume (in billions of shares)

 

13.7

 

11.7

 

2.0

 

17

 

Trading volume per day (in millions of shares)

 

225.4

 

191.3

 

34.1

 

18

 

Average revenue per share ($)

 

$

0.0088

 

$

0.0093

 

$

(0.0005

)

(5

)

U.S. market trading days

 

61

 

61

 

 

 

 

Recurring revenues increased $2.0 million, or 11%, reflecting an increase in the pricing of our network connectivity services that went into effect in the second quarter of 2007, as well as growth in the number of customer network connections.

 

19



 

Other revenues decreased $0.7 million primarily due to a decrease in investment income resulting from a lower rate of return on our investments and a decrease in professional services income, which was partially offset by lower costs incurred from our customers’ short settlement activity.

 

U.S. compensation and employee benefits expense increased by $5.9 million, reflecting an 11% increase in average headcount associated with the expansion of our business (including the acquisition of ITG Derivatives), as well as annual merit compensation increases, higher benefit and payroll tax costs and other employee related costs.  Compensation costs related to product development were partially offset by higher capitalizable salaries from product development efforts.

 

Other expenses increased $5.8 million (of which $1.5 million is attributable to ITG Derivatives) to $36.7 million, with the growth driven by (i) amortization expense related to new product releases, (ii) market data fees related to increased business, (iii) business development activities, and (iv) depreciation expense.

 

Interest expense declined 21% in line with the lower outstanding balance on our borrowings to finance the acquisitions of Macgregor and Plexus.

 

Canadian Operations

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

$ in thousands

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Change

 

% Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commission

 

$

17,346

 

$

13,590

 

$

3,756

 

28

 

Recurring

 

375

 

570

 

(195

)

(34

)

Other

 

3,959

 

2,181

 

1,778

 

82

 

Total revenues

 

21,680

 

16,341

 

5,339

 

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and employee benefits

 

6,753

 

5,371

 

1,382

 

26

 

Transaction processing

 

3,501

 

3,377

 

124

 

4

 

Other expenses

 

4,762

 

2,978

 

1,784

 

60

 

Total expenses

 

15,016

 

11,726

 

3,290

 

28

 

Income before income tax expense

 

$

6,664

 

$

4,615

 

$

2,049

 

44

 

Pre-tax margin

 

30.7

%

28.2

%

2.5

%

 

 

 

ITG Canada continued to grow its business as total client share volume executed on all venues increased 11% from First Quarter 2007 to 2.2 billion shares. ITG Canada’s share of Toronto Stock Exchange (“TSX”) volume for First Quarter 2008 was 3.29% compared to 3.55% in  First Quarter 2007.  Total revenues increased $5.3 million, or 33% while pre-tax profitability was 44% higher than First Quarter 2007, both establishing new benchmarks.  Interlisted arbitrage trading revenues were $3.9 million in First Quarter 2008, representing a significant improvement from $2.2 million in First Quarter 2007. Revenue and pre-tax profit growth included a significant favorable exchange rate impact of $3.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively, for the quarter, as the Canadian Dollar appreciated strongly against the U.S. Dollar.

 

Total expenses increased 28%, including a $2.1 million unfavorable exchange rate impact.

 

Compensation and employee benefits expense growth reflects $0.9 million of unfavorable exchange rate impact, coupled with increased performance based compensation and employer payroll tax costs resulting from increased headcount to support the overall expansion of the Canadian Operations.

 

Transaction processing costs grew as the unfavorable exchange rate impact more than offset the benefit of (i) a revised pricing agreement that reduced our clearing costs, (ii) lower execution costs due to savings from a new TSX pricing model and (iii) lower execution fees.  Total transaction processing costs as a percentage of revenue decreased from 20.7% in First Quarter 2007 to 16.1% in First Quarter 2008.

 

Other expenses reflect growth in technology related and facilities costs, connectivity and market data fees related to increased levels of business and increased consulting fees, as well as unfavorable exchange rate impact.

 

20



 

International Operations

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

$ in thousands

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Change

 

% Change

 

Commission Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

$

19,720

 

$

14,263

 

$

5,457

 

38

 

Asia Pacific

 

7,588

 

5,947

 

1,641

 

28

 

Total commission revenues

 

27,308

 

20,210

 

7,098

 

35

 

Recurring revenues

 

863

 

234

 

629

 

269

 

Other revenues

 

57

 

572

 

(515

)

(90

)

Total revenues

 

28,228

 

21,016

 

7,212

 

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and employee benefits

 

10,916

 

9,082

 

1,834

 

20

 

Transaction processing

 

9,368

 

6,380

 

2,988

 

47

 

Other expenses

 

9,549

 

6,070

 

3,479

 

57

 

Total expenses

 

29,833

 

21,532

 

8,301

 

39

 

Income before income tax expense

 

$

(1,605

)

$

(516

)

$

(1,089

)

(211

)

Pre-tax margin

 

(5.7

)%

(2.5

)%

(3.2

)%

 

 

 

International commission revenues increased 35% to $27.3 million, including a favorable exchange rate impact of $0.7 million.

 

In Europe, commission revenue growth was driven by significant volume increases, with our total value of shares traded in European markets increasing 85%, despite lower share prices throughout Europe.  Share volume growth was driven primarily by growth in direct market access products and new clients. Related transaction processing costs also increased, with a greater proportion of trades executed via more costly direct market trading. In addition, our geographical mix continued to shift toward a greater proportion of our trading being executed in continental European markets where we incur significantly higher clearing and execution costs than in the UK market.

 

Our European total revenues also benefited from a $0.2 million favorable exchange rate impact resulting primarily from the stronger British Pound. On a pre-tax basis the unfavorable exchange rate impact was $0.4 million.

 

Commission revenue growth in Asia Pacific primarily reflects the strong volume growth in the Hong Kong market. Transaction processing costs grew at a lower rate than revenues as the proportion of trades executed in Hong Kong, where we self-clear equity transactions, remained high in comparison to other Asia Pacific markets.

 

Compensation and employee benefits expense reflects increased headcount to support the general expansion of business activity and an unfavorable exchange rate impact of $0.5 million.

 

Other expenses reflect higher technology, connectivity and market data fees related to the expansion of our direct access client trading solutions, including the launch of Triton in Asia Pacific, software amortization related to the roll out of products, business development and equipment related costs, as well as an unfavorable exchange rate impact.

 

Income tax expense

 

Our effective tax rate was 44.1% in First Quarter 2008 compared to 41.6% in First Quarter 2007. First Quarter 2008 was impacted by higher state and local taxes due to our expansion into additional states and higher U.S. and foreign non-deductible expenses.  Our consolidated effective tax rate can vary from period to period depending on, among other factors, the geographic and business mix of our earnings.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity

 

Our primary source of liquidity is cash provided by operations. Our liquidity requirements result from our working capital needs, which include clearing and settlement activities, as well as our regulatory capital needs. A substantial portion of our assets are liquid, consisting of cash and cash equivalents or assets readily convertible into cash. We principally invest

 

21



 

our excess cash in U.S. Government money market funds. At March 31, 2008, cash and cash equivalents and securities owned, at fair value amounted to $276.8 million.

 

As a self-clearing broker-dealer in the U.S., we are subject to cash deposit requirements with clearing organizations that may be large in relation to our total liquid assets and may fluctuate significantly from time to time based upon the nature and size of our customers’ trading activity. As of March 31, 2008, we had interest-bearing security deposits totaling $41.3 million with clearing organizations and clearing agents for the settlement of equity trades. In the normal course of business we may also need to borrow stock when a security is needed to deliver against a settling transaction, such as a short settlement or a fail to deliver, generally to another broker-dealer or to a customer. Securities borrowed transactions require that we provide the counterparty with collateral in the form of cash. Our cash deposits may be funded from existing cash balances or from short-term bank loans.

 

When funding our U.S. securities clearance and settlement transactions with short-term bank loans, we utilize pledge facilities with two banks which have no specific limitations on our additional borrowing capacities (see “Financing Activities” below). In Asia, where we also self-clear equity trades, we maintain working capital facilities with a bank for our clearing and settlement activities. These facilities are in the form of overdraft protection totaling approximately $148.8 million and are supported by $25.8 million in restricted cash deposits.

 

Capital Resources

 

Our capital resource requirements relate to capital expenditures, as well as business investments and are generally funded from operations. When required, as in the case of a major acquisition, our strong cash generating ability has allowed us to readily access capital markets.

 

Operating Activities

 

Cash flows provided by operating activities were $170.9 million in First Quarter 2008 as compared to the $0.9 million used in operating activities in First Quarter 2007.  The increase was primarily attributable to changes in working capital, specifically the net activity related to receivables/payables from/to customers and brokers and lower required segregated cash and deposits with clearing organizations arising from our broker-dealer operations.  The changes in these balances are generally temporary over the normal trade settlement period and may also be affected by customer trading patterns.

 

In the normal course of our clearing operations worldwide, cash is typically used to fund restricted or segregated cash accounts under regulations or other, broker and customer fails to deliver/receive, securities borrowed, deposits with clearing organizations and net activity related to receivables/payables from/to customers and brokers. The cash requirements vary from day to day depending on volume transacted and customer trading patterns.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities of $14.6 million includes our spending in premises and equipment and capitalizable software development projects, as we continue to invest in both our infrastructure and our product portfolio.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities of $73.0 million primarily reflects a net repayment of short-term bank borrowings from our pledge facilities and principal repayments on our Term Loan, offset by issuances of our common stock arising from the vesting of equity awards to our employees.  Common stock repurchased totaled $1.7 million, or 36,883 shares that pertained solely to the satisfaction of minimum statutory withholding tax upon net settlement of restricted share awards.

 

When funding our securities borrowing activities with short-term bank loans, we have pledge facilities with two banks, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and The Bank of New York Mellon, which have no specific limitations on our additional borrowing capacities. Borrowings under these arrangements bear interest at federal funds rate plus a spread of 50 - 100 basis points, depending upon the amount borrowed, and are repayable on demand (generally the next business day). The short-term bank loans are collateralized by the securities underlying the transactions equal to 125% of the borrowings. We also have a $15 million unsecured line of credit with The Bank of New York Mellon bearing interest at a negotiated rate. Each advance under the line of credit is due at a specified maturity date with no prepayment option. At March 31, 2008 we had $35.0 million in short-term bank loans under pledge facilities and no borrowings under the unsecured line of credit (see Note 10, “Short-Term Bank Loans”, to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

22



 

During First Quarter 2008, we used $9.5 million for principal repayments on the Term Loan financing under our Credit Agreement (see Note 11, “Long Term Debt”, to the condensed consolidated financial statements). During the same period in 2007, we repaid $7.1 million of Term Loan principal.

 

The Credit Agreement also provides an available $25 million revolving credit facility that can be drawn upon to meet working capital needs should they arise. As of the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we have no outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility.

 

Regulatory Capital

 

Under the SEC’s Uniform Net Capital Rule, our broker-dealer subsidiaries are required to maintain at all times at least the minimum level of net capital required under Rule 15c3-1.

 

Our net capital balances and the amounts in excess of required net capital at March 31, 2008 for our U.S. Operations are as follows (dollars in millions):

 

 

 

Net Capital

 

Excess Net Capital

 

U.S. Operations

 

 

 

 

 

ITG Inc.

 

$

113.0

 

$

110.3

 

AlterNet

 

3.6

 

3.5

 

Blackwatch

 

4.3

 

4.1

 

ITG Derivatives

 

2.4

 

1.8

 

 

Dividends or withdrawals of capital cannot be made to the Company from these entities if they are needed to comply with regulatory requirements.

 

As of March 31, 2008, ITG Inc. had a $15.8 million cash balance in a Special Reserve Bank Account for the benefit of customers under the Customer Protection Rule pursuant to SEC Rule 15c3-3, “Computation for Determination of Reserve Requirements”.

 

In addition, our Canadian Operations and International Operations had regulatory capital in excess of the minimum requirements applicable to each business as of March 31, 2008 as summarized in the following table (dollars in millions):

 

 

 

Excess Net Capital

 

Canadian Operations

 

 

 

Canada

 

$

34.1

 

 

 

 

 

International Operations

 

 

 

Australia

 

$

4.2

 

Europe

 

21.3

 

Hong Kong

 

26.5

 

Japan

 

1.7

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resource Outlook

 

Historically, our working capital and investment activity requirements have been funded from cash from operations and short-term loans, with the exception of our Macgregor and Plexus acquisitions, which required long term financing as described above. We believe that our cash flow from operations, existing cash balances and the available loan facilities will be sufficient to meet our ongoing operating cash and regulatory capital needs, while also complying with the terms of the Credit Agreement.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Aggregate Contractual Obligations

 

In the normal course of business, we are involved in the execution of various customer securities transactions. Securities transactions are subject to the credit risk of counterparties or customer nonperformance. In connection with the settlement of non-U.S. securities transactions, Investment Technology Group, Inc. has provided third party financial

 

23



 

institutions with guarantees in amounts up to a maximum of $129.0 million. In the event that a customer of ITG’s subsidiaries fails to settle a securities transaction, or if the related subsidiaries were unable to honor trades with a customer, Investment Technology Group, Inc. would be required to perform for the amount of such securities up to the $129.0 million cap. However, transactions are collateralized by the underlying security, thereby reducing the associated risk to changes in the market value of the security through settlement date. Therefore, the settlement of these transactions is not expected to have a material effect upon our financial statements. It is also our policy to review, as necessary, the credit worthiness of each customer.

 

As of March 31, 2008, our other contractual obligations and commercial commitments consisted principally of fixed charges, including principal repayment and interest on the Term Loan, minimum future rentals under non-cancelable operating leases, minimum future purchases under non-cancelable purchase agreements and minimum compensation under employment agreements. There has been no significant change to such arrangements and obligations since December 31, 2007.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

There have been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during First Quarter 2008 from those we disclosed in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our 2007 Form 10-K.

 

Fair Value

 

Certain of our financial instruments are recorded at fair value in accordance with FAS 157 which we adopted effective January 1, 2008.  The adoption of FAS 157 had a minimal effect on the values of those financial assets and liabilities which we carry at fair value.  These assets and liabilities include:

·                  Money market mutual funds

·                  Trading securities

·                  Available-for-sale securities

·                  Equity index mutual funds

·                  Bond mutual funds

·                  Derivatives

 

As defined in FAS 157, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, also referred to as the “exit price”. In determining fair value, we may use various methods including market, income and cost approaches. Based on these approaches, we often use certain assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and or the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable firm inputs. We use valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Based on the observability of the inputs used in the valuation techniques, we categorize our fair value measured financial instruments according to the fair value hierarchy prescribed by FAS 157. The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value will be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

 

·                  Level 1: Fair value measurements using unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.  The types of assets and liabilities categorized as Level 1 fair value are generally equities listed in active markets and publicly traded mutual funds.

 

·                  Level 2: Fair value measurements using correlation with (directly or indirectly) observable market based inputs, unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data, or quoted prices in markets that are not active.  We generally categorize our financial derivatives in this category.

 

·                  Level 3: Fair value measurements using inputs that are significant and not corroborated by market data.  We currently do not carry any Level 3 assets or liabilities.

 

For further information, please see Note 2, “Fair Value Measurements”, to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

24



 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

Please see our Annual Report on Form 10-K (Item 7A) for the year ended December 31, 2007. There has been no material change in this information.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

a)              Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, have concluded that, based on such evaluation, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective in reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

b)             Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting. There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation of such internal control that occurred during the Company’s latest fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II. — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

On November 21, 2006, Liquidnet, Inc. (“Liquidnet”) filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (Liquidnet, Inc. v. ITG Inc. et al., 06-CV-703 (D.Del)) alleging that ITG Inc. and The Macgregor Group, Inc. (collectively, “ITG”) infringe one or more claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,136,834 (the ‘834 Patent”) through its “Channel ITG” and the “Macgregor XIP” products. That patent had been issued on November 14, 2006. On January 8, 2007, Liquidnet filed a First Amended Complaint in the District of Delaware naming Investment Technology Group, Inc., ITG Solutions Network, Inc. and The Macgregor Group, Inc. as defendants. After determining that Liquidnet did not own the ‘834 Patent (the patent was owned by Liquidnet’s corporate parent Liquidnet Holdings, Inc.), on January 23, 2007, Investment Technology Group, Inc., ITG Inc., ITG Solutions Network, Inc. and The Macgregor Group, Inc. sued Liquidnet Holdings, Inc. in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York seeking a declaratory judgment that the ‘834 Patent was not infringed, was invalid and was unenforceable. On January 24, 2007, ITG advised Liquidnet that if Liquidnet did not withdraw its Delaware lawsuit against ITG, ITG would move to dismiss that lawsuit for lack of standing. On January 26, 2007, Liquidnet dismissed its Delaware lawsuit. On February 13, 2007, Liquidnet Holdings Inc. filed its answer, affirmative defense and counterclaims, alleging infringement of the ‘834 Patent. ITG’s declaratory judgment action will now proceed in the Southern District of New York. On October 12, 2007, the parties appeared before the court for a pretrial scheduling conference at which an initial plan for discovery was reached. On January 10, 2008, ITG filed a motion for permission to file an amended complaint. The amended complaint alleges that Liquidnet committed fraud against the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office by, among other things, failing to disclose that Liquidnet derived its patent from work done in 1997-1998 by third parties. The amended complaint also contains an additional cause of action against Liquidnet for tortious interference with prospective business relations. On February 13, 2008, ITG’s motion was granted.

 

It is our position that ITG is not infringing any valid patent claim of the ‘834 Patent and that Liquidnet’s claims are without merit. We plan to vigorously pursue our declaratory judgment action and claim for tortious interference. However, intellectual property disputes are subject to inherent uncertainties and there can be no assurance that this lawsuit will be resolved favorably to us or that the lawsuit will not have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

There has been no significant change to the risks or uncertainties that may affect our results of operations since December 31, 2007. Please see our 2007 Form 10-K (Item 1A).

 

25



 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

The following table sets forth our share repurchase activity during First Quarter 2008, including the total number of shares purchased, the average price paid per share, the number of shares repurchased as part of a publicly announced plan or program, and the number of shares yet to be purchased under the plan or program.

 

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Period

 

Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased
(a)

 

Average
Price Paid per
Share (or Unit)

 

Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs

 

Maximum Number
of Shares (or Units)
that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs

 

From: January 1, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To: January 31, 2008

 

31,341

 

$

47.59

 

 

747,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From: February 1, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To: February 29, 2008

 

 

 

 

747,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From: March 1, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To: March 31, 2008

 

5,542

 

44.08

 

 

747,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

36,883

 

$

47.06

 

 

 

 

 


(a) This column includes the acquisition of 36,883 common shares from employees in order to satisfy minimum statutory withholding tax requirements upon net settlement of restricted share awards.

 

On July 22, 2004, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 2.0 million shares of our common stock. The authorization, which had no expiration date, was publicly announced as part of our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 15, 2005 and was discussed on multiple earnings calls. The July 22, 2004 authorization was reaffirmed by our Board of Directors on August 6, 2007.  As of March 31, 2008, 0.7 million shares remain under this authorization.

 

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders during First Quarter 2008.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

Our Audit Committee approved all of the non-audit services performed by KPMG LLP, our independent auditors, during the period covered by this report.

 

26



 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

(A)

 

EXHIBITS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.1

 

Investment Technology Group, Inc. Stock Unit Grant Agreement between the Company and Robert C. Gasser, dated March 24, 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification (filed herewith)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification (filed herewith)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification (filed herewith)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.

 

 

(Registrant)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: May 9, 2008

By:

/s/ HOWARD C. NAPHTALI

 

 

Howard C. Naphtali

 

 

Chief Financial Officer and

 

 

Duly Authorized Signatory of Registrant

 

27


EX-10.1 2 a08-11518_1ex10d1.htm EX-10.1

Exhibit 10.1

 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.

STOCK UNIT GRANT AGREEMENT

 

THIS GRANT AGREEMENT, dated as of March 24, 2008 (the “Date of Grant”), is entered into by and between Investment Technology Group, Inc. (the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, and Robert C. Gasser, an employee of the Company (the “Employee”).

 

WHEREAS, the Employee has been awarded the following Grant under the Investment Technology Group, Inc. 2007 Omnibus Equity Compensation Plan (the “Plan”) in satisfaction of the Company’s obligations under that certain employment agreement entered into by and between the Company and the Employee dated September 15, 2006 (the “Employment Agreement”).  Capitalized terms used herein and not defined herein shall have the meanings set forth in the Plan.  In the event of any conflict between this Grant Agreement and the Plan, the Plan shall control.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and mutual covenants contained herein, and for other good and valuable consideration, the parties hereto agree as follows:

 

1.                                       Grant of Stock Units.  Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Grant Agreement and the Plan, the Employee is hereby awarded 19,503 Stock Units, representing a number of hypothetical shares of Company Stock on a one-for-one basis equal to $925,000, based on the closing price of a share of Company Stock on the Date of Grant (the “Stock Unit Grant”).

 

2.                                       Grant Subject to Plan Provisions.  This Stock Unit Grant is granted pursuant to the Plan, the terms of which are incorporated herein by reference, and in all respects shall be interpreted in accordance with the Plan.  The Plan and the Plan prospectus are available at http://assetlib.itginc.com/stellent/groups/public/documents/itginc/047794.pdf and http://assetlib.itginc.com/stellent/groups/public/documents/itginc/047867.pdf, respectively; provided that paper copies of the Plan and the Plan prospectus are available upon request by contacting the Legal Department of the Company at ITG_Legal or 212.444.6378.  This Stock Unit Grant is subject to interpretations, regulations and determinations concerning the Plan established from time to time by the Committee in accordance with the provisions of the Plan, including, but not limited to, provisions pertaining to (a) the registration, qualification or listing of the shares issued under the Plan, (b) changes in capitalization, (c) requirements of applicable law and (d) all other Plan provisions.  The Committee has the authority to interpret and construe this Grant Agreement pursuant to the terms of the Plan, and its decisions are conclusive as to any questions arising hereunder.

 

3.                                       Stock Unit Account.  The Company shall establish and maintain a Stock Unit bookkeeping account (the “Account”) on its records for the Employee and shall record in the Account the number of Stock Units awarded to the Employee.  No shares of Company Stock shall be issued to the Employee at the time the Stock Unit Grant is made.

 

4.                                       Vesting and Distribution of the Stock Unit Grant.

 

(a)                                Vesting and Distribution of Stock Unit Grant.  Subject to Sections 4(b), 4(c), 4(d) and 4(e) below and the other terms and conditions of this Grant

 



 

Agreement and the Plan, this Stock Unit Grant shall vest and be distributed on the dates set forth on Exhibit A; provided that the performance goal set forth on Exhibit A has been achieved and the Employee has remained continuously employed by the Employer from the Date of Grant through each applicable date set forth on Exhibit A.

 

(b)                               Termination Prior to a Change in Control.  Notwithstanding Section 4(a) above and subject to Sections 4(d) and 4(e) below, in the event the Employee incurs a Termination of Service for Good Reason (as defined in the Employment Agreement) or not for Cause (as defined in the Employment Agreement) prior to a Change in Control (as defined in the Employment Agreement) (for purposes of this Agreement, “Change in Control”), this Stock Unit Grant shall continue to vest and be distributed as if (i) the performance goal set forth in Exhibit A has been achieved and (ii) the Employee remained employed by the Company through the first anniversary of the date of his Termination of Service; provided that the Employee executes (and does not revoke) a Release (as defined in the Employment Agreement).

 

(c)                                Change in Control; Death or Disability.  Notwithstanding Section 4(a) above, this Stock Unit Grant shall become immediately vested (as if the performance goal set forth in Exhibit A has been achieved) and distributed in full within thirty (30) days following (i) a Change in Control, (ii) the Employee’s Termination of Service due to the Employee’s Permanent Disability (as defined in the Employment Agreement) or (iii) the Employee’s death.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, distribution shall only be made in accordance with (A) clause (i) of the preceding sentence if the transaction constituting a Change in Control under this Agreement is also a “change in control event” within the meaning of such term under Treas. Reg. section 1.409A-3(i)(5) and (B) clause (ii) of the preceding sentence if the Employee’s Permanent Disability would cause the Employee to be considered “disabled” within the meaning of such term under Treas. Reg. section 1.409A-3(i)(4).

 

(d)                               409A Six-Month Delay.  Notwithstanding any provision of this Grant Agreement to the contrary, if, at the time of the Employee’s Termination of Service, the Company has securities which are publicly traded on an established securities market and the Employee is a “specified employee” (as defined in section 409A of the Code) and it is necessary to postpone the commencement of any distributions otherwise distributable pursuant to this Grant Agreement as a result of such termination of employment to prevent any accelerated or additional tax under section 409A of the Code, then the Company will postpone the commencement of the distributions hereunder (without any reduction in such distributions ultimately made to the Employee), until the first business day following the date that is six months following the Employee’s “separation of service” with the Company (within the meaning of such term under Code Section 409A).  If any distributions are postponed due to such requirements, such distributions will be made in a lump sum to the Employee on the first business day following the date that is six months following the Employee’s “separation of service” with the Company.  If the Employee dies during the postponement period prior to the distribution of the postponed distribution amount, the distribution of the postponed distribution amount shall be made to the personal representative of the Employee’s estate within sixty (60) days after the date of the Employee’s death.

 

2



 

(e)                                Other Termination; Forfeiture of Award.  Except as otherwise provided in this Section 4, in the event of Termination of Service of the Employee prior to the date the Stock Unit Grant otherwise becomes vested, the Stock Unit Grant shall immediately be forfeited by the Employee and become the property of the Company.

 

(f)                                  Termination of Service” means the Employee’s “separation from service” (within the meaning of such term under section 409A of the Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder) with the Company and its Subsidiaries.  An employee employed by a Subsidiary of the Company shall be deemed to incur a Termination of Service if the Subsidiary of the Company ceases to be such a Subsidiary and the employee does not immediately thereafter become an employee of the Company or another Subsidiary of the Company.  Temporary absences from employment because of illness, vacation or leave of absence and transfers among the Company and its Subsidiaries shall not be considered a Termination of Service.

 

(g)                               Adjustments.  Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, all amounts receivable in connection with any adjustments to the Company Stock under Section 5(d) of the Plan shall be subject to the vesting schedule in this Section 4.

 

5.                                       Distribution of Shares.  The Company shall distribute to the Employee (or the Employee’s heirs in the event of the Employee’s death) at the time of vesting of the Stock Unit Grant in accordance with Section 4 above (but not later than March 15 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the Stock Units vest), a number of shares of Company Stock equal to the number of Stock Units then held by the Employee that became vested at such time, subject to reduction for withholding of shares pursuant to Section 8 below.

 

6.                                       Rights and Restrictions.  The Stock Unit Grant shall not be transferable, other than by will or under the laws of descent and distribution (or pursuant to a beneficiary designation authorized by the Committee).  Prior to vesting of the Stock Unit Grant and distribution of the shares of Company Stock to the Employee, the Employee shall not have any rights or privileges of a stockholder as to the shares of Company Stock subject to the Stock Unit Grant.  Specifically, the Employee shall not have the right to receive dividends or the right to vote such shares of Company Stock, nor shall the Employee have the right to sell, assign, pledge, hypothecate, encumber, transfer or otherwise dispose of, in whole or in part, the Stock Unit Grant, prior to vesting of the Stock Unit Grant and delivery of the shares of Company Stock.  The Employee shall not have any interest in any fund or specific assets of the Employer by reason of this Stock Unit Grant or the Account established for the Employee.

 

7.                                       Limitations.  Nothing herein shall limit the Company’s right to issue Company Stock, or Stock Units or other rights to purchase Company Stock subject to vesting, expiration and other terms and conditions deemed appropriate by the Company and its affiliates.  Nothing expressed or implied herein is intended or shall be construed to confer upon or give to any Person, other than the parties hereto, any right, remedy or claim under or by reason of this Grant Agreement or of any term, covenant or condition hereof.

 

3



 

8.                                       Withholding.  The Employee shall pay to the Employer or make arrangements satisfactory to the Committee regarding payment of any federal, state or local taxes of any kind required by law to be withheld at any time with respect to the Stock Unit Grant and the Employer shall, to the extent permitted or required by law, have the right to deduct from any payment of any kind otherwise due to the Employee, federal, state and local taxes of any kind required by law to be withheld.  To the extent permitted by the Committee, the Employee may elect to have the Employer withhold Company Stock to pay any applicable withholding taxes resulting from the Stock Unit Grant, in accordance with any rules or regulations of the Committee then in effect.

 

9.                                       Expenses of Issuance of Company Stock.  The issuance of stock certificates hereunder shall be without charge to the Employee.  The Company shall pay, and indemnify the Employee from and against any issuance, stamp or documentary taxes (other than transfer taxes) or charges imposed by any governmental body, agency or official (other than income taxes) by reason of the issuance of Company Stock.

 

10.                                 Terms are Binding. The terms of this Grant Agreement shall be binding upon the executors, administrators, heirs, successors, transferees and assignees of the Employee and the Company.

 

11.                                 Compliance with Law.  The transfer of Company Stock hereunder shall be subject to the terms, conditions and restrictions as set forth in the governing instruments of the Company, Company policies, applicable federal and state securities laws or any other applicable laws or regulations, and approvals by any governmental or regulatory agency as may be required.  By signing this Grant Agreement, the Employee agrees not to sell any Company Stock at a time when applicable laws or the Company policies prohibit a sale.

 

12.                                 References.  References herein to rights and obligations of the Employee shall apply, where appropriate, to the Employee’s legal representative or estate without regard to whether specific reference to such legal representative or estate is contained in a particular provision of this Grant Agreement.

 

13.                                 Notices.  Any notice required or permitted to be given under this Grant Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been given when delivered personally or by courier, or sent by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid, return receipt requested, duly addressed to the party concerned at the address indicated below or to such changed address as such party may subsequently, by similar process, give notice of:

 

If to the Company:

 

Investment Technology Group, Inc.

380 Madison Avenue

New York, NY 10017

Attention: General Counsel

 

4



 

If to the Employee:

 

At the Employee’s most recent address shown on the Employer’s corporate records, or at any other address at which the Employee may specify in a notice delivered to the Company in the manner set forth herein.

 

14.                                 No Right to Continued Employment.  This Stock Unit Grant shall not confer upon the Employee any right to continue in the employ of the Employer nor shall this Stock Unit Grant interfere with the right of the Employer to terminate the Employee’s employment at any time.

 

15.                                 Application of Section 409A.  This Agreement is intended to comply with the applicable requirements of section 409A of the Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder, and shall be administered in accordance with section 409A of the Code.  Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, distributions made under this Agreement may only be made in a manner and upon an event permitted by section 409A of the Code and all distributions to be made upon a termination of employment under this Agreement may only be made upon a “separation from service” (within the meaning of such term under section 409A of the Code).  To the extent that any provision of this Agreement would cause a conflict with the requirements of section 409A of the Code, or would cause the administration of this Agreement to fail to satisfy the requirements of section 409A of the Code, such provision shall be deemed null and void to the extent permitted by applicable law.  In no event shall the Employee, directly or indirectly, designate the calendar year of distribution.  This Grant Agreement may be amended without the consent of the Employee in any respect deemed by the Committee to be necessary in order to preserve compliance with Section 409A of the Code.

 

16.                                 Costs.  In any action at law or in equity to enforce any of the provisions or rights under this Grant Agreement, including any arbitration proceedings to enforce such provisions or rights, the unsuccessful party to such litigation or arbitration, as determined by the court in a final judgment or decree, or by the panel of arbitrators in its award, shall pay the successful party or parties all costs, expenses and reasonable attorneys’ fees incurred by the successful party or parties (including without limitation costs, expenses and fees on any appeals), and if the successful party recovers judgment in any such action or proceeding such costs, expenses and attorneys’ fees shall be included as part of the judgment.

 

17.                                 Further Assurances.  The Employee agrees to perform all acts and execute and deliver any documents that may be reasonably necessary to carry out the provisions of this Grant Agreement, including but not limited to all acts and documents related to compliance with federal and/or state securities laws.

 

18.                                 Counterparts.  For convenience, this Grant Agreement may be executed in any number of identical counterparts, each of which shall be deemed a complete original in itself and may be introduced in evidence or used for any other purposes without the production of any other counterparts.

 

19.                                 Governing Law.  This Grant Agreement shall be construed and enforced in accordance with Section 19(h) of the Plan.

 

5



 

20.                                 Entire Agreement.  This Grant Agreement, together with the Plan, sets forth the entire agreement between the parties with reference to the subject matter hereof, and there are no agreements, understandings, warranties, or representations, written, express, or implied, between them with respect to the Stock Unit Grant other than as set forth herein or therein, all prior agreements, promises, representations and understandings relative thereto being herein merged.

 

21.                                 Amendment; Waiver.  Except as set forth in Section 15, this Grant Agreement may be amended, modified, superseded, canceled, renewed or extended and the terms or covenants hereof may be waived only by a written instrument executed by the parties hereto or, in the case of a waiver, by the party waiving compliance.  Any such written instrument must be approved by the Committee to be effective as against the Company.  The failure of any party at any time or times to require performance of any provision hereof shall in no manner affect the right at a later time to enforce the same.  No waiver by any party of the breach of any term or provision contained in this Grant Agreement, whether by conduct or otherwise, in any one or more instances, shall be deemed to be, or construed as, a further or continuing waiver of any such breach, or a waiver of the breach of any other term or covenant contained in this Grant Agreement.

 

22.                                 Severability.  Any provision of this Grant Agreement that is prohibited or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall, as to such jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof, and any such prohibition or unenforceability in any jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction.

 

[SIGNATURE PAGE FOLLOWS]

 

6



 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have executed this Grant Agreement as of the date first above written.

 

 

 

INVESTMENT TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

 

/s/Maureen O’Hara

 

Name:

Maureen O’Hara

 

Title:

Chairman of the Board of Directors

 

 

I hereby accept the Stock Unit Grant described in this Grant Agreement, and I agree to be bound by the terms of the Plan and this Grant Agreement.  I hereby further agree that all the decisions and determinations of the Committee shall be final and binding.

 

 

 

 

/s/Robert C. Gasser

 

 

 Robert C. Gasser

 

7



 

Exhibit A

 

Performance Objectives and Vesting and Distribution Schedule for the Stock Unit Grant

 

The Committee has set Performance Objectives (as defined in the Company’s Amended and Restated Pay-for-Performance Incentive Plan (the “Pay-for-Performance Plan”)) for the period January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2008 which will result, if achieved, in the creation of an incentive pool, up to 35% of which will be allocated by the Committee to the Employee.  The Employee’s share of the pool (not in excess of the first $925,000), as determined and awarded to the Employee by the Committee, shall be allocated to determine the number of Stock Units earned by the Employee based on the amount of the pool awarded to the Employee divided by the closing price of a share of Company Stock on the Date of Grant.  The Employee’s Stock Units, so earned, shall vest and be distributed as follows:

 

Vesting and Distribution Date

 

Percentage of Award that Shall Vest

 

January 31, 2009

 

33 1/3

%

January 1, 2010

 

33 1/3

%

January 1, 2011

 

33 1/3

%

 

To the extent the Employee’s share of the pool, as determined and awarded to the Employee by the Committee, is less than $925,000, all or a part of this Stock Unit Grant shall be forfeited, as determined by the Committee.  If a part of the Stock Unit Grant is forfeited, the Stock Unit Grant shall terminate as to the forfeited Stock Units, no distribution shall be made with respect to the forfeited Stock Units and the Employee shall have no further rights with respect thereto.  The remaining part shall vest and be distributed according to the schedule above.  If all of the Stock Unit Grant is forfeited, the Stock Unit Grant shall terminate in its entirety, no distribution shall be made hereunder and the Employee shall have no further rights with respect hereto.

 

8


EX-31.1 3 a08-11518_1ex31d1.htm EX-31.1

Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Robert C. Gasser, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Investment Technology Group, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)  Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)  Designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)  Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)  Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrants internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent function):

 

a)  All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)  Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 9, 2008

 

 

/s/ ROBERT C. GASSER

 

Robert C. Gasser

 

Chief Executive Officer

 


EX-31.2 4 a08-11518_1ex31d2.htm EX-31.2

Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Howard C. Naphtali, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Investment Technology Group, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)  Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)  Designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)  Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)  Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrants internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent function):

 

a)  All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)  Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 9, 2008

 

 

/s/ HOWARD C. NAPHTALI

 

Howard C. Naphtali

 

Chief Financial Officer

 


EX-32.1 5 a08-11518_1ex32d1.htm EX-32.1

Exhibit 32.1

 

Certification Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
(United States Code, Title 18, Chapter 63, Section 1350)
Accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of
Investment Technology Group, Inc. for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2008

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Investment Technology Group, Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2008, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Robert C. Gasser, as Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Howard C. Naphtali, as Chief Financial Officer of the Company, each hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. (§)1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1)

The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

 

(2)

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

 

 

/s/ ROBERT C. GASSER

 

/s/ HOWARD C. NAPHTALI

 

Robert C. Gasser

 

Howard C. Naphtali

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

May 9, 2008

 

May 9, 2008

 

The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.

 


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