0000915912-23-000002.txt : 20230209 0000915912-23-000002.hdr.sgml : 20230209 20230209071846 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0000915912-23-000002 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 8-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 17 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20230208 ITEM INFORMATION: Results of Operations and Financial Condition ITEM INFORMATION: Financial Statements and Exhibits FILED AS OF DATE: 20230209 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20230209 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000915912 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS [6798] IRS NUMBER: 770404318 STATE OF INCORPORATION: MD FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 8-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-12672 FILM NUMBER: 23601099 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 4040 WILSON BOULEVARD STREET 2: STE 1000 CITY: ARLINGTON STATE: VA ZIP: 22203 BUSINESS PHONE: 7033296300 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 4040 WILSON BOULEVARD STREET 2: STE 1000 CITY: ARLINGTON STATE: VA ZIP: 22203 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: AVALON BAY COMMUNITIES INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19980618 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: BAY APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19931208 8-K 1 avb-20230208.htm 8-K avb-20230208
0000915912false00009159122023-02-082023-02-08

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
 
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported):  February 8, 2023
  
AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
  
Maryland1-12672 77-0404318 
(State or other jurisdiction of(Commission (I.R.S. Employer  
incorporation or organization)File Number) Identification No.) 
 
4040 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1000
Arlington, Virginia 22203
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
 
(703) 329-6300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
 
  
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareAVBNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).
                    
    Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o




Item 2.02.  Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On February 8, 2023, AvalonBay Communities, Inc. issued a press release announcing its fourth quarter 2022 operating results. That release referred to certain attachments with supplemental information that were available on the Company's website. The full text of the press release, including the supplemental information and attachments referred to within the release, are furnished as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2 hereto.
 
Item 9.01.  Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(d)  Exhibits.
 
99.1
Press Release of AvalonBay Communities, Inc. dated February 8, 2023, including attachments.
  
99.2
Supplemental discussion of fourth quarter 2022 operating results dated February 8, 2023, including attachments.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document). (Filed herewith.)
 
 
 
[Remainder of page left blank intentionally]



SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be filed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.
   
   
Dated: February 8, 2023By:/s/ Kevin P. O’Shea 
  Kevin P. O’Shea
  Chief Financial Officer




Exhibit Index
 


EX-99.1 2 q42022ex-991.htm EX-99.1 Document

Exhibit 99.1
avbpressreleaseheader1a191.jpgFor Immediate News Release
February 8, 2023

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC. ANNOUNCES 2022
OPERATING RESULTS, 3.8% DIVIDEND INCREASE
AND INITIAL 2023 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK




(Arlington, VA) AvalonBay Communities, Inc. (NYSE: AVB) (the “Company”) reported Earnings per Share – diluted (“EPS”), Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders - diluted (“FFO”) per share and Core FFO per share (as defined in this release) for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 as detailed below.

 Q4
2022
Q4 2021%
Change
EPS$1.72 $2.40 (28.3)%
FFO per share (1)$2.57 $2.27 13.2 %
Core FFO per share (1)$2.59 $2.27 14.1 %
(1) For additional detail on reconciling items between net income attributable to common stockholders, FFO and Core FFO, see Definitions and Reconciliations, table 2.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the three months ended December 31, 2022 to its results for the prior year period:

Q4 2022 Results Compared to Q4 2021
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Q4 2021 per share reported results$2.40 $2.27 $2.27 
Same Store Residential NOI (1)0.29 0.29 0.29 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.08 0.08 0.08 
Commercial NOI0.01 0.01 0.01 
Overhead and other (0.10)(0.10)(0.05)
Capital markets and transaction activity — 0.01 (0.03)
Unconsolidated investment income0.03 0.03 0.02 
Income taxes(0.02)(0.02)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.97)— — 
Q4 2022 per share reported results$1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.38 in revenue and $0.09 in operating expenses.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the
three months ended December 31, 2022 to its November 2022 outlook:
Q4 2022 Results Compared to November 2022 Outlook
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Projected per share (1)$1.75 $2.57 $2.60 
Same Store Residential NOI (2)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI— — — 
Commercial NOI— — — 
Overhead and other (0.06)(0.06)(0.02)
Capital markets and transaction activity 0.04 0.04 0.01 
Unconsolidated investment income and other0.07 0.07 0.02 
Income taxes(0.03)(0.03)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.03)— — 
Q4 2022 per share reported results$1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
(1) The mid-point of the Company's November 2022 outlook.
(2) Consists of $0.01 for revenue and $0.01 for operating expenses.

EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 are detailed below.

 Full Year 2022Full Year 2021%
Change
EPS$8.12 $7.19 12.9 %
FFO per share$9.67 $8.13 18.9 %
Core FFO per share$9.79 $8.26 18.5 %

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the year ended December 31, 2022 to its results for the prior year:

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
1


Full Year 2022 Results Compared to Full Year 2021
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
2021 per share reported results$7.19 $8.13 $8.26 
Same Store Residential NOI (1)1.29 1.29 1.29 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.42 0.42 0.42 
Commercial NOI0.07 0.07 0.07 
Overhead and other (0.26)(0.26)(0.20)
Capital markets and transaction activity 0.04 0.04 (0.10)
Unconsolidated investment income0.04 0.04 0.05 
Income taxes(0.06)(0.06)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.61)— — 
2022 per share reported results$8.12 $9.67 $9.79 
(1) Consists of increases of $1.57 in revenue and $0.28 in operating expenses.

Same Store Operating Results for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Prior Year Period

Same Store total revenue increased $53,664,000, or 10.2%, to $578,448,000. Same Store Residential rental revenue increased $53,447,000, or 10.3%, to $571,828,000, as detailed in the following table:

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change
Q4 2022 Compared to Q4 2021
Residential rental revenue
Lease rates8.9 %
Concessions and other discounts1.7 %
Economic occupancy(0.3)%
Other rental revenue1.2 %
Uncollectible lease revenue (excluding rent relief) (1)1.2 %
Rent relief (2)(2.4)%
Residential rental revenue10.3 %
(1) Adjusting to remove the impact of rent relief, uncollectible lease revenue as a percentage of total Residential rental revenue decreased to 3.0% in Q4 2022 from 4.5% in Q4 2021. See Definitions and Reconciliations, table 10 for further detail of uncollectible lease revenue for the Company’s Same Store portfolio.
(2) The Company recognized $3,060,000 and $15,452,000 from government rent relief programs during Q4 2022 and Q4 2021, respectively.

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $13,028,000, or 8.2%, to $171,600,000 and Same Store Residential NOI increased $40,573,000, or 11.3%, to $400,722,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, operating expenses and NOI for the three months ended December 31, 2022 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2021:

Q4 2022 Compared to Q4 2021
Same Store Residential
Rental Revenue
(1)
Opex
(2)
% of
Q4 2022 NOI
 NOI
New England13.3 %8.5 %15.9 %15.0 %
Metro NY/NJ13.4 %7.7 %15.8 %21.5 %
Mid-Atlantic8.4 %4.4 %10.2 %14.8 %
Southeast FL17.4 %34.4 %9.6 %1.6 %
Denver, CO13.2 %10.6 %14.2 %1.3 %
Pacific NW14.2 %9.2 %16.4 %6.2 %
N. California9.7 %10.6 %9.4 %18.3 %
S. California5.5 %7.0 %5.0 %21.3 %
   Total10.3 %8.2 %11.3 %100.0 %
(1) See full release for additional detail.
(2) See full release for discussion of variances.

Same Store Operating Results for the Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Prior Year

Same Store total revenue increased $222,830,000, or 11.0%, to $2,250,368,000. Same Store Residential rental revenue increased $218,692,000, or 10.9%, to $2,224,125,000, as detailed in the following table:

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change
Full Year 2022 Compared to Full Year 2021
Residential rental revenue
Lease rates7.8 %
Concessions and other discounts1.9 %
Economic occupancy0.1 %
Other rental revenue1.0 %
Uncollectible lease revenue (excluding rent relief) (1)(0.1)%
Rent relief (2)0.2 %
Residential rental revenue10.9 %
(1) Adjusting to remove the impact of rent relief, uncollectible lease revenue as a percentage of total Residential rental revenue decreased to 3.4% in 2022 from 3.7% in 2021.
(2) The Company recognized $36,778,000 and $31,823,000 from government rent relief programs during 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $39,015,000, or 6.0%, to $685,469,000 and Same Store Residential NOI increased $179,941,000, or 13.2%, to $1,540,390,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, operating expenses and NOI for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the year ended December 31, 2021:

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
2


Full Year 2022 Compared to Full Year 2021
Same Store Residential
Rental Revenue
(1)
Opex
(2)
% of
2022 NOI
 NOI
New England12.5 %6.0 %16.2 %14.7 %
Metro NY/NJ12.2 %8.0 %14.2 %20.8 %
Mid-Atlantic7.4 %4.6 %8.8 %14.6 %
Southeast FL20.7 %10.4 %27.0 %1.6 %
Denver, CO13.1 %(1.3)%19.5 %1.3 %
Pacific NW15.3 %4.8 %20.3 %6.4 %
N. California8.3 %5.8 %9.4 %18.5 %
S. California11.2 %5.9 %13.6 %22.1 %
   Total10.9 %6.0 %13.2 %100.0 %
(1) See full release for additional detail.
(2) See full release for discussion of variances.

Development Activity

Consolidated Development Communities

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company completed the development of Avalon Harbor Isle, located in Island Park, NY. Avalon Harbor Isle contains 172 apartment homes and was constructed for a Total Capital Cost of $94,000,000.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company started construction of Kanso Milford, located in Milford, MA. Kanso Milford is expected to contain 162 apartment homes when completed and be developed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $66,000,000.

During 2022, the Company:

completed the development of five communities containing an aggregate of 1,858 apartment homes for an aggregate Total Capital Cost of $692,000,000; and

commenced the development of five communities, which in the aggregate are expected to contain 1,845 apartment homes when completed and be developed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $729,000,000.

At December 31, 2022, the Company had 17 consolidated Development communities under construction that are expected to contain 5,417 apartment homes and 56,000 square feet of commercial space. Estimated Total Capital Cost at completion for these Development communities is $2,259,000,000.

Disposition Activity

Consolidated Apartment Communities

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold Avalon Park Crest, a wholly-owned community, located in Tysons Corner, VA. Avalon Park Crest contains 354 apartment homes and was sold for $145,500,000, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $88,156,000 and an Economic Gain of $65,764,000.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold nine wholly-owned communities containing an aggregate of 2,062 apartment homes. These assets were sold for $924,450,000 and a weighted average initial Market Cap Rate of 4.0%, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $554,826,000 and an Economic Gain of $404,449,000.

During the three months and year ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold two and 40, respectively, of the 172 residential condominiums at The Park Loggia, located in New York, NY, for gross proceeds of $6,520,000 and $126,848,000, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, the Company has sold 163 of the 172 residential condominiums for aggregate gross proceeds of $478,679,000.

Unconsolidated Real Estate Investments

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Archstone Multifamily Partners AC LP (the "U.S. Fund"), a private discretionary real estate investment vehicle in which the Company holds an equity interest of 28.6%, sold its final three communities, Avalon Grosvenor Tower, Avalon Studio 4121 and Avalon Station 250. These communities contain an aggregate of 671 apartment homes and were sold for $313,500,000. With the disposition of these communities, the Company recognized $4,690,000 in joint venture income associated with its promoted interest in the U.S. Fund.

Acquisition Activity

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired Avalon Highland Creek, a wholly-owned community, located in Charlotte, NC, containing 260 apartment homes for a purchase price of $76,700,000.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired four wholly-owned communities containing 1,313 apartment homes and 16,000 square feet of commercial space for a total purchase price of $536,200,000.

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
3


Structured Investment Program Activity

During 2022, the Company entered into the first commitments under its Structured Investment Program, through which the Company will provide mezzanine loans or preferred equity to third party multifamily developers. The initial commitments are for three mezzanine loans of up to $92,375,000 in the aggregate. These commitments are to fund multifamily development projects in the Company's existing markets. At December 31, 2022, the commitments had a weighted average rate of return of 9.8% and the Company had funded $29,352,000 of these commitments.

Liquidity and Capital Markets

As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under its $2,250,000,000 unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Credit Facility") or its $500,000,000 unsecured commercial paper note program. The commercial paper program is backstopped by the Company's commitment to maintain available borrowing capacity under its Credit Facility in an amount equal to actual borrowings under the program. The Company had $2,248,086,000 available under the Credit Facility after considering its commercial paper program and letters of credit as of December 31, 2022.

In addition, at December 31, 2022, the Company had $613,189,000 in unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and $121,056,000 in cash in escrow, which is restricted primarily related to principal reserve funds for secured borrowing arrangements.

The Company’s annualized Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre (as defined in this release) for the fourth quarter of 2022 was 4.5 times and Unencumbered NOI (as defined in this release) for the year ended December 31, 2022 was 95%.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued $350,000,000 principal amount of unsecured notes in a public offering under its existing shelf registration statement for net proceeds before offering costs of $346,290,000. The notes mature in February 2033 and were issued with a 5.00% coupon. The effective interest rate of the notes is 4.37%, including the impact of offering costs and hedging activity.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, in addition to the debt activity discussed above, the Company had the following debt activity:

The Company repaid its $100,000,000 principal amount variable rate unsecured term loan at its
maturity. The variable rate unsecured term loan was indexed to LIBOR plus 0.90% and entered into in February 2017.

The Company repaid $35,276,000 principal amount secured fixed rate debt with an effective rate of 6.16% in advance of the October 2047 maturity date, recognizing a loss on debt extinguishment of $1,399,000 composed of prepayment penalties and the non-cash write off of unamortized deferred financing costs.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company settled the outstanding forward contracts entered into in December 2021 under its current continuous equity program, selling 68,577 shares of common stock for $229.34 per share, for net proceeds of $15,727,000.

During the second quarter of 2022, in connection with an underwritten offering of shares, the Company entered into forward contracts to sell 2,000,000 shares of common stock by the end of 2023 for an initial forward sales price of $247.30 per share and approximate proceeds of $494,200,000 net of offering fees and discounts and based on the initial forward price (the "Equity Forward"). The proceeds that the Company expects to receive on the date or dates of settlement are subject to certain customary adjustments during the term of the forward contract for the Company's dividends and a daily interest charge.

First Quarter 2023 Dividend Declaration

The Company’s Board of Directors declared a dividend for the first quarter of 2023 of $1.65 per share on the Company’s common stock (par value of $0.01 per share). The declared dividend is a 3.8% increase over the Company’s prior quarterly dividend of $1.59 per share. The dividend is payable on April 17, 2023 to common stockholders of record as of March 31, 2023.

In declaring the increased dividend, the Board of Directors evaluated the Company’s past performance and future prospects for earnings growth. Additional factors considered in determining the increase included current common dividend distributions, the relationship of the current common dividend distribution to the Company’s Core FFO, the relationship of dividend distributions to taxable income, distribution requirements under rules governing real estate investment trusts and expected growth in taxable income.

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
4


First Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial Outlook

The following presents a summary of the Company's financial outlook for 2023, further details for which are provided in the full release.

For its first quarter and full year 2023 financial outlook, the Company expects the following:
Projected EPS, Projected FFO and Projected Core FFO Outlook (1)
 Q1 2023Full Year 2023
 LowHighLowHigh
Projected EPS $1.05 $1.15 $6.25 $6.75 
Projected FFO per share $2.46 $2.56 $9.99 $10.49 
Projected Core FFO per share$2.47 $2.57 $10.06 $10.56 
(1) See Definitions and Reconciliations, table 8, for reconciliations of Projected FFO per share and Projected Core FFO per share to Projected EPS.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the full year 2022 to its 2023 full year financial outlook:

Full Year 2023 Outlook Comparison
to Full Year 2022 Full Year Results
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
2022 per share reported results$8.12 $9.67 $9.79 
Same Store NOI (1)0.51 0.51 0.51 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.20 0.20 0.19 
Commercial NOI(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Overhead and other0.05 0.05 0.03 
Capital markets and transaction activity(0.08)(0.08)(0.10)
Variable rate interest expense(0.10)(0.10)(0.10)
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(2.19)— — 
Projected per share - 2023 outlook (2)$6.50 $10.24 $10.31 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.85 in revenue and $0.34 in operating expenses.
(2) Represents the mid-point of the Company's February 2023 outlook.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the fourth quarter 2022 to its first quarter 2023 financial outlook:

Q4 2022 Results Compared to Q1 2023 Outlook
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Q4 2022 per share reported results $1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
Same Store NOI (1)(0.03)(0.03)(0.03)
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI— — — 
Commercial NOI— — — 
Overhead and other(0.02)(0.02)(0.03)
Capital markets and transaction activity— — — 
Variable rate interest expense(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.56)— — 
Projected per share - Q1 2023 outlook (2)$1.10 $2.51 $2.52 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.04 in revenue and $0.07 in operating expenses.
(2) Represents the mid-point of the Company's February 2023 outlook.

First Quarter Conference Schedule

Management is scheduled to present at Citi's Global Property CEO Conference from March 5 - 8, 2023. During this conference, management may discuss the Company's current operating environment; operating trends; development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity; financial outlook; portfolio strategy and other business and financial matters affecting the Company. Details on how to access a webcast of the Company's presentation will be available in advance of the conference event on the Company's website at http://investors.avalonbay.com.

Other Matters

The Company will hold a conference call on February 9, 2023 at 1:00 PM ET to review and answer questions about this release, its fourth quarter 2022 results, the Attachments (described below) and related matters. To participate on the call, dial 877-407-9716.

To hear a replay of the call, which will be available from February 9, 2023 at 4:00 PM ET to March 9, 2023, dial 844-512-2921 and use replay passcode: 13734358. A webcast of the conference call will also be available at http://investors.avalonbay.com, and an online playback of the webcast will be available for at least seven days following the call.

The Company produces Earnings Release Attachments (the "Attachments") that provide detailed information regarding operating, development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity. These Attachments are considered a part of this earnings release and are available in full with this earnings release via the Company's website
Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
5


at http://investors.avalonbay.com. To receive future press releases via e-mail, please submit a request through http://investors.avalonbay.com/email_notification.

In addition to the Attachments, the Company is providing a teleconference presentation that will be available on the Company's website at http://investors.avalonbay.com subsequent to this release and before the market opens on February 9, 2023.

About AvalonBay Communities, Inc.

As of December 31, 2022, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 294 apartment communities containing 88,475 apartment homes in 12 states and the District of Columbia, of which 18 communities were under development and one community was under redevelopment. The Company is an equity REIT in the business of developing, redeveloping, acquiring and managing apartment communities in leading metropolitan areas in New England, the New York/New Jersey Metro area, the Mid-Atlantic, the Pacific Northwest, and Northern and Southern California, as well as in the Company's expansion markets of Raleigh-Durham and Charlotte, North Carolina, Southeast Florida, Dallas and Austin, Texas, and Denver, Colorado. More information may be found on the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com. For additional information, please contact Jason Reilley, Vice President of Investor Relations, at 703-317-4681.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release, including its Attachments, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements, which you can identify by the Company’s use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “believes,” “outlook,” "may," "shall," "will," "pursue" and similar expressions that predict or indicate future events and trends and that do not report historical matters, are based on the Company’s expectations, forecasts and assumptions at the time of this release, which may not be realized and involve risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted accurately or that might not be anticipated. These could cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that might cause such differences include the following: we may abandon development or redevelopment opportunities for which we have already incurred costs; adverse capital and credit
market conditions, including rising interest rates, may affect our access to various sources of capital and/or cost of capital, which may affect our business activities, earnings and common stock price, among other things; changes in local employment conditions, demand for apartment homes, supply of competitive housing products, landlord-tenant laws, including the adoption of new rent control regulations, and other economic or regulatory conditions may result in lower than expected occupancy and/or rental rates and adversely affect the profitability of our communities; delays in completing development, redevelopment and/or lease-up, and general price inflation, may result in increased financing and construction costs and may delay and/or reduce the profitability of a community; debt and/or equity financing for development, redevelopment or acquisitions of communities may not be available or may not be available on favorable terms; we may be unable to obtain, or experience delays in obtaining, necessary governmental permits and authorizations; expenses may result in communities that we develop or redevelop failing to achieve expected profitability; our assumptions concerning risks relating to joint ventures and our ability to successfully dispose of certain assets may not be realized; investments made under the Structured Investment Program in either mezzanine debt or preferred equity of third-party multifamily development may not be repaid as expected; our assumptions and expectations in our financial outlook may prove to be too optimistic; the timing and net proceeds of condominium sales at The Park Loggia may not equal our current expectations; litigation costs and consequences may exceed our expectations; and risks related to pandemics, including the effect, among other factors, on the multifamily industry and the general economy of measures taken by businesses and the government, such as governmental limitations on the ability of multifamily owners to evict residents who are delinquent in the payment of their rent, the preferences of consumers and businesses for living and working arrangements, and federal efforts at economic stimulus. Additional discussions of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements appear in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 under the heading “Risk Factors” and under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Forward-Looking Statements” and in subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.

The Company does not undertake a duty to update forward-looking statements, including its expected 2023 operating results and other financial data forecasts contained in this
Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
6


release. The Company may, in its discretion, provide information in future public announcements regarding its outlook that may be of interest to the investment community. The format and extent of future outlooks may be different from the format and extent of the information contained in this release.
 



































Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
7


Definitions and Reconciliations

Non-GAAP financial measures and other capitalized terms, as used in this earnings release, are defined, reconciled and further explained on Attachment 14, Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms. Attachment 14 is included in the full earnings release available at the Company’s website at http://investors.avalonbay.com. This wire distribution includes only the following definitions and reconciliations.

Average Monthly Rental Revenue per Occupied Home is calculated by the Company as Residential rental revenue in accordance with GAAP, divided by the weighted average number of occupied apartment homes.

Commercial represents results attributable to the non-apartment components of the Company's mixed-use communities and other non-residential operations.

Development is composed of consolidated communities that are either currently under construction, or were under construction and were completed during the current year. These communities may be partially or fully complete and operating.

EBITDA, EBITDAre and Core EBITDAre are considered by management to be supplemental measures of our financial performance. EBITDA is defined by the Company as net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDAre is calculated by the Company in accordance with the definition adopted by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“Nareit”), as EBITDA plus or minus losses and gains on the disposition of depreciated property, plus impairment write-downs of depreciated property, with adjustments to reflect the Company's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated entities. Core EBITDAre is the Company’s EBITDAre as adjusted for non-core items outlined in the table below. By further adjusting for items that are not considered part of the Company’s core business operations, Core EBITDAre can help one compare the core operating and financial performance of the Company between periods. A reconciliation of EBITDA, EBITDAre and Core EBITDAre to net income is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 1
Q4
2022
Net income$241,164 
Interest expense and loss on extinguishment of debt59,400 
Income tax expense6,683 
Depreciation expense207,232 
EBITDA$514,479 
  
Gain on sale of communities(88,065)
Unconsolidated entity EBITDAre adjustments (1)2,728 
EBITDAre$429,142 
 
Unconsolidated entity gains, net(6,367)
Structured Investment Program loan reserve(21)
Advocacy contributions 100 
Loss on interest rate contract267 
Executive transition compensation costs411 
Severance related costs458 
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries5,507 
Gain on for-sale condominiums(104)
For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs485 
Gain on other real estate transactions, net(4,944)
Legal settlements1,206 
Core EBITDAre$426,140 
(1) Includes joint venture interest, taxes, depreciation, gain on dispositions of depreciated real estate and impairment losses, if applicable, included in net income.




8



Economic Gain is calculated by the Company as the gain on sale in accordance with GAAP, less accumulated depreciation through the date of sale and any other adjustments that may be required under GAAP accounting. Management generally considers Economic Gain to be an appropriate supplemental measure to gain on sale in accordance with GAAP because it helps investors to understand the relationship between the cash proceeds from a sale and the cash invested in the sold community. The Economic Gain for disposed communities is based on their respective final settlement statements. A reconciliation of the aggregate Economic Gain to the aggregate gain on sale in accordance with GAAP for the wholly-owned communities disposed of during the year ended December 31, 2022 is presented elsewhere in the full release.

Economic Occupancy is defined as total possible Residential revenue less vacancy loss as a percentage of total possible Residential revenue. Total possible Residential revenue (also known as “gross potential”) is determined by valuing occupied units at contract rates and vacant units at Market Rents. Vacancy loss is determined by valuing vacant units at current Market Rents. By measuring vacant apartments at their Market Rents, Economic Occupancy takes into account the fact that apartment homes of different sizes and locations within a community have different economic impacts on a community’s gross revenue.

FFO and Core FFO are considered by management to be supplemental measures of our operating and financial performance. FFO is calculated by the Company in accordance with the definition adopted by Nareit. FFO is calculated by the Company as Net income or loss attributable to common stockholders computed in accordance with GAAP, adjusted for gains or losses on sales of previously depreciated operating communities, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate assets, write-downs of investments in affiliates which are driven by a decrease in the value of depreciable real estate assets held by the affiliate and depreciation of real estate assets, including adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. By excluding gains or losses related to dispositions of previously depreciated operating communities and excluding real estate depreciation (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar condition based on historical cost accounting and useful life estimates), FFO can help one compare the operating and financial performance of a company’s real estate between periods or as compared to different companies. Core FFO is the Company's FFO as adjusted for non-core items outlined in the table below. By further adjusting for items that are not considered by us to be part of our core business operations, Core FFO can help one compare the core operating and financial performance of the Company between periods. A reconciliation of Net income attributable to common stockholders to FFO and to Core FFO is as follows (dollars in thousands):

9




TABLE 2
Q4Q4Full YearFull Year
2022202120222021
Net income attributable to common stockholders$241,293 $335,209 $1,136,775 $1,004,299 
Depreciation - real estate assets, including joint venture adjustments205,977 195,749 810,611 753,755 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests12 12 48 48 
Gain on sale of unconsolidated entities holding previously depreciated real estate(82)— (38,144)(23,305)
Gain on sale of previously depreciated real estate(88,065)(213,881)(555,558)(602,235)
Casualty loss on real estate— — 3,119 
FFO attributable to common stockholders 359,135 317,091 1,353,732 1,135,681 
Adjusting items:
Unconsolidated entity gains, net (1)(6,367)(5,814)(8,355)(14,870)
Joint venture promote (2)— — (4,690)— 
Structured Investment Program loan reserve (3)(21)— 1,632 — 
Loss on extinguishment of consolidated debt— 19 1,646 17,787 
Loss (gain) on interest rate contract267 — (229)(2,654)
Advocacy contributions 100 59 634 59 
Executive transition compensation costs411 411 1,631 3,010 
Severance related costs458 (73)1,097 313 
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries (4)5,507 788 13,288 1,363 
Gain on for-sale condominiums (5)(104)(1,059)(2,217)(3,110)
For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs (5)485 634 2,129 4,087 
For-sale condominium imputed carry cost (6)271 1,252 2,306 7,031 
Gain on other real estate transactions, net(4,944)(95)(5,039)(2,097)
Legal settlements1,206 39 (2,212)1,139 
Income tax expense (7)6,683 4,299 14,646 5,733 
Core FFO attributable to common stockholders $363,087 $317,551 $1,369,999 $1,153,472 
Average shares outstanding - diluted140,007,823 139,928,816 139,975,087 139,717,399 
Earnings per share - diluted $1.72 $2.40 $8.12 $7.19 
FFO per common share - diluted $2.57 $2.27 $9.67 $8.13 
Core FFO per common share - diluted $2.59 $2.27 $9.79 $8.26 
(1) Amounts consist primarily of net unrealized gains on technology investments.
(2) Amount for 2022 is for the Company's recognition of its promoted interest in the U.S. Fund.
(3) Amounts are the expected credit losses associated with the Company's lending commitments under its Structured Investment Program. The timing and amount of any actual losses that will be incurred, if any, is to be determined.
(4) Amount for 2022 includes the charges of $10,073 primarily related to development opportunities in the Pacific Northwest and Southern California that we determined are no longer probable.
(5) Aggregate impact of (i) Gain on for-sale condominiums and (ii) For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs, is a net expense of $381 for Q4 2022 and net gain $88 for full year 2022 and a net gain of $425 for Q4 2021 and net expense of $977 for full year 2021, respectively.
(6) Represents the imputed carry cost of the for-sale residential condominiums at The Park Loggia. The Company computes this adjustment by multiplying the Total Capital Cost of completed and unsold for-sale residential condominiums by the Company's weighted average unsecured debt effective interest rate.
(7) Amounts are primarily for the recognition of taxes associated with The Park Loggia.
10




Interest Coverage is calculated by the Company as Core EBITDAre divided by interest expense. Interest Coverage is presented by the Company because it provides rating agencies and investors an additional means of comparing our ability to service debt obligations to that of other companies. A calculation of Interest Coverage for the three months ended December 31, 2022 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 3
  
Core EBITDAre (1)$426,140 
Interest expense (2)$59,400 
Interest Coverage 7.2 times
(1) For additional detail, see Definitions and Reconciliations, table 1.
(2) Excludes the impact of gain on interest rate contract.


Market Cap Rate is defined by the Company as Projected NOI of a single community for the first 12 months of operations (assuming no repositioning), less estimates for non-routine allowance of approximately $300 - $500 per apartment home, divided by the gross sales price for the community. Projected NOI, as referred to above, represents management’s estimate of projected rental revenue minus projected operating expenses before interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation and amortization. For this purpose, management’s projection of operating expenses for the community includes a management fee of 2.25%. The Market Cap Rate, which may be determined in a different manner by others, is a measure frequently used in the real estate industry when determining the appropriate purchase price for a property or estimating the value for a property. Buyers may assign different Market Cap Rates to different communities when determining the appropriate value because they (i) may project different rates of change in operating expenses and capital expenditure estimates and (ii) may project different rates of change in future rental revenue due to different estimates for changes in rent and occupancy levels. The weighted average Market Cap Rate is weighted based on the gross sales price of each community.

Market Rents as reported by the Company are based on the current market rates set by the Company based on its experience in renting apartments and publicly available market data. Market Rents for a period are based on the average Market Rents during that period and do not reflect any impact for cash concessions.

Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre is calculated by the Company as total debt (secured and unsecured notes, and the Company's Credit Facility and commercial paper program) that is consolidated for financial reporting purposes, less consolidated cash and cash in escrow, divided by annualized fourth quarter 2022 Core EBITDAre. A calculation of Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 4
Total debt principal (1)$8,377,827 
Cash and cash in escrow(734,245)
Net debt$7,643,582 
 
Core EBITDAre (2)$426,140 
Core EBITDAre, annualized$1,704,560 
Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre4.5 times
(1) Balance at December 31, 2022 excludes $47,695 of debt discount and deferred financing costs as reflected in unsecured notes, net, and $14,087 of debt discount and deferred financing costs as reflected in notes payable on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) For additional detail, see Definitions and Reconciliations, table 1.


NOI is defined by the Company as total property revenue less direct property operating expenses (including property taxes), and excluding corporate-level income (including management, development and other fees), corporate-level property management
11



and other indirect operating expenses, expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries, interest expense, net, loss on extinguishment of debt, net, general and administrative expense, income from investments in unconsolidated entities, depreciation expense, income tax expense (benefit), casualty loss, gain on sale of communities, gain on other real estate transactions, net, net for-sale condominium activity and net operating income from real estate assets sold or held for sale. The Company considers NOI to be an important and appropriate supplemental performance measure to Net Income of operating performance of a community or communities because it helps both investors and management to understand the core operations of a community or communities prior to the allocation of any corporate-level property management overhead or financing-related costs. NOI reflects the operating performance of a community, and allows for an easier comparison of the operating performance of individual assets or groups of assets. In addition, because prospective buyers of real estate have different financing and overhead structures, with varying marginal impact to overhead as a result of acquiring real estate, NOI is considered by many in the real estate industry to be a useful measure for determining the value of a real estate asset or groups of assets.

Residential NOI represents results attributable to the Company's apartment rental operations, including parking and other ancillary Residential revenue. A reconciliation of Residential NOI to Net Income, as well as a breakdown of Residential NOI by operating segment, is as follows (dollars in thousands):



















12




TABLE 5
Q4Q4Q3Q2Q1Full YearFull Year
2022202120222022202220222021
Net income$241,164 $335,298 $494,632 $138,566 $262,076 $1,136,438 $1,004,356 
Property management and other indirect operating expenses, net of corporate income26,081 24,555 29,374 30,632 28,113 114,200 98,665 
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries6,700 1,331 6,514 2,364 987 16,565 3,231 
Interest expense, net57,461 55,711 57,290 58,797 56,526 230,074 220,415 
Loss on extinguishment of debt, net— 19 1,646 — — 1,646 17,787 
General and administrative expense20,741 16,481 14,611 21,291 17,421 74,064 69,611 
Income from investments in unconsolidated entities(6,820)(5,626)(43,777)(2,480)(317)(53,394)(38,585)
Depreciation expense207,232 197,036 206,658 199,302 201,786 814,978 758,596 
Income tax expense (benefit)6,683 4,299 5,651 (159)2,471 14,646 5,733 
Casualty loss— — — — — 3,119 
Gain on sale of communities(88,065)(213,881)(318,289)(404)(148,800)(555,558)(602,235)
Gain on other real estate transactions, net(4,944)(95)(15)(43)(37)(5,039)(2,097)
Net for-sale condominium activity381 (425)(304)71 (236)(88)977 
NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale(899)(12,192)(4,839)(7,811)(9,197)(22,746)(61,105)
NOI465,715 402,513 449,152 440,126 410,793 1,765,786 1,478,468 
Commercial NOI(9,242)(7,945)(11,005)(7,673)(8,224)(36,144)(25,326)
Residential NOI $456,473 $394,568 $438,147 $432,453 $402,569 $1,729,642 $1,453,142 
Residential NOI
Same Store:   
    New England$60,055 $51,816 $58,675 $56,523 $51,901 $227,154 $195,526 
    Metro NY/NJ86,109 74,329 80,865 78,483 74,707 320,164 280,448 
    Mid-Atlantic59,210 53,727 55,903 55,767 53,946 224,826 206,638 
    Southeast FL6,468 5,904 6,359 6,161 5,965 24,953 19,642 
    Denver, CO5,121 4,486 4,904 4,900 4,727 19,652 16,451 
    Pacific NW25,133 21,598 25,325 25,212 23,122 98,792 82,133 
    N. California73,348 67,052 72,440 71,439 67,807 285,034 260,509 
    S. California85,278 81,237 83,926 89,070 81,541 339,815 299,102 
        Total Same Store400,722 360,149 388,397 387,555 363,716 1,540,390 1,360,449 
Other Stabilized37,095 25,081 33,432 30,973 26,846 128,346 68,392 
Development/Redevelopment18,656 9,338 16,318 13,925 12,007 60,906 24,301 
Residential NOI $456,473 $394,568 $438,147 $432,453 $402,569 $1,729,642 $1,453,142 

NOI as reported by the Company does not include the operating results from assets sold or classified as held for sale. A reconciliation of NOI from communities sold or classified as held for sale is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 6
Q4Q4Q3Q2Q1Full YearFull Year
2022202120222022202220222021
Revenue from real estate assets sold or held for sale$1,265 $19,694 $7,315 $11,956 $14,838 $35,374 $99,684 
Operating expenses from real estate assets sold or held for sale(366)(7,502)(2,476)(4,145)(5,641)(12,628)(38,579)
NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale$899 $12,192 $4,839 $7,811 $9,197 $22,746 $61,105 
 
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Commercial NOI is composed of the following components (in thousands):

TABLE 7
Q4Q4Q3Q2Q1Full YearFull Year
2022202120222022202220222021
Commercial Revenue$10,891 $9,284 $12,577 $9,235 $9,924 $42,627 $31,015 
Commercial Operating Expenses(1,649)(1,339)(1,572)(1,562)(1,700)(6,483)(5,689)
Commercial NOI$9,242 $7,945 $11,005 $7,673 $8,224 $36,144 $25,326 

Other Stabilized is composed of completed consolidated communities that the Company owns, which have Stabilized Operations as of January 1, 2022, or which were acquired subsequent to January 1, 2021. Other Stabilized excludes communities that are conducting or are probable to conduct substantial redevelopment activities.

Projected FFO and Projected Core FFO, as provided within this release in the Company’s outlook, are calculated on a basis consistent with historical FFO and Core FFO, and are therefore considered to be appropriate supplemental measures to projected Net Income from projected operating performance. A reconciliation of the ranges provided for Projected FFO per share (diluted) for the first quarter and full year 2023 to the ranges provided for projected EPS (diluted) and corresponding reconciliation of the ranges for Projected FFO per share to the ranges for Projected Core FFO per share are as follows:

TABLE 8
Low
Range
High
Range
Projected EPS (diluted) - Q1 2023$1.05 $1.15 
Depreciation (real estate related)1.41 1.41 
Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Q1 20232.46 2.56 
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries0.01 0.01 
Projected Core FFO per share (diluted) - Q1 2023$2.47 $2.57 
Projected EPS (diluted) - Full Year 2023$6.25 $6.75 
Depreciation (real estate related)5.67 5.67 
Gain on sale of communities(1.93)(1.93)
Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Full Year 20239.99 10.49 
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries0.03 0.03 
Executive transition compensation costs0.01 0.01 
Structured Investment Program loan reserve0.01 0.01 
Income tax expense0.02 0.02 
Adjustments related to residential for-sale condominiums at The Park Loggia (1)0.01 0.01 
Gain on other real estate transactions, net(0.01)(0.01)
Projected Core FFO per share (diluted) - Full Year 2023$10.06 $10.56 
(1) The Park Loggia adjustments include expected operating expenses, GAAP gain and imputed carry costs for unsold condominiums held in inventory.


14




Projected NOI, as used within this release for certain Development communities and in calculating the Market Cap Rate for dispositions, represents management’s estimate, as of the date of this release (or as of the date of the buyer’s valuation in the case of dispositions), of projected stabilized rental revenue minus projected stabilized operating expenses. For Development communities, Projected NOI is calculated based on the first twelve months of Stabilized Operations following the completion of construction. In calculating the Market Cap Rate, Projected NOI for dispositions is calculated for the first twelve months following the date of the buyer’s valuation. Projected stabilized rental revenue represents management’s estimate of projected gross potential minus projected stabilized economic vacancy and adjusted for projected stabilized concessions plus projected stabilized other rental revenue. Projected stabilized operating expenses do not include interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation or amortization, or any allocation of corporate-level property management overhead or general and administrative costs. In addition, projected stabilized operating expenses for Development communities do not include property management fee expense. Projected gross potential for Development communities and dispositions is generally based on leased rents for occupied homes and management’s best estimate of rental levels for homes which are currently unleased, as well as those homes which will become available for lease during the twelve month forward period used to develop Projected NOI. The weighted average Projected NOI as a percentage of Total Capital Cost ("Weighted Average Initial Projected Stabilized Yield") is weighted based on the Company’s share of the Total Capital Cost of each community, based on its percentage ownership.

Management believes that Projected NOI of the Development communities, on an aggregated weighted average basis, assists investors in understanding management's estimate of the likely impact on operations of the Development communities when the assets are complete and achieve stabilized occupancy (before allocation of any corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs or interest expense). However, in this release the Company has not given a projection of NOI on a company-wide basis. Given the different dates and fiscal years for which NOI is projected for these communities, the projected allocation of corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs and interest expense to communities under development is complex, impractical to develop, and may not be meaningful. Projected NOI of these communities is not a projection of the Company's overall financial performance or cash flow. There can be no assurance that the communities under development will achieve the Projected NOI as described in this release.

Redevelopment is composed of consolidated communities where substantial redevelopment is in progress or is probable to begin during the current year. Redevelopment is considered substantial when (i) capital invested during the reconstruction effort is expected to exceed the lesser of $5,000,000 or 10% of the community’s pre-redevelopment basis and (ii) physical occupancy is below or is expected to be below 90% during or as a result of the redevelopment activity. Redevelopment includes one community containing 714 apartment homes that is currently under active redevelopment as of December 31, 2022.

Residential represents results attributable to the Company's apartment rental operations, including parking and other ancillary Residential revenue.

Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis is considered by the Company to be a supplemental measure to Residential rental revenue in conformity with GAAP to help investors evaluate the impact of both current and historical concessions on GAAP-based Residential rental revenue and to more readily enable comparisons to revenue as reported by other companies. In addition, Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis allows an investor to understand the historical trend in cash concessions.

A reconciliation of Same Store Residential rental revenue in conformity with GAAP to Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 9
Q4Q4Q3Full YearFull Year
20222021202220222021
Residential rental revenue (GAAP basis)$571,828 $518,381$567,890$2,224,125 $2,005,433
Residential concessions amortized2,629 11,8292,88318,923 58,855
Residential concessions granted(4,588)(4,429)(1,932)(10,514)(42,131)
Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis$569,869 $525,781$568,841$2,232,534 $2,022,157
Q4 2022
vs. Q4 2021
Q4 2022
vs. Q3 2022
Full Year 2022
vs. Full Year 2021
% change -- GAAP revenue 10.3 %0.7 %10.9 %
% change -- cash revenue 8.4 %0.2 %10.4 %

15




Same Store is composed of consolidated communities where a comparison of operating results from the prior year to the current year is meaningful as these communities were owned and had Stabilized Operations, as defined below, as of the beginning of the respective prior year period. Therefore, for 2022 operating results, Same Store is composed of consolidated communities that have Stabilized Operations as of January 1, 2021, are not conducting or are not probable to conduct substantial redevelopment activities and are not held for sale or probable for disposition within the current year.

Stabilized Operations/Restabilized Operations is defined as the earlier of (i) attainment of 90% physical occupancy or (ii) the one-year anniversary of completion of development or redevelopment.

Total Capital Cost includes all capitalized costs projected to be or actually incurred to develop the respective Development or Redevelopment community, including land acquisition costs, construction costs, real estate taxes, capitalized interest and loan fees, permits, professional fees, allocated development overhead and other regulatory fees and a contingency estimate, offset by proceeds from the sale of any associated land or improvements, all as determined in accordance with GAAP. Total Capital Cost also includes costs incurred related to first generation commercial tenants, such as tenant improvements and leasing commissions. For Redevelopment communities, Total Capital Cost excludes costs incurred prior to the start of redevelopment when indicated. With respect to communities where development or redevelopment was completed in a prior or the current period, Total Capital Cost reflects the actual cost incurred, plus any contingency estimate made by management. Total Capital Cost for communities identified as having joint venture ownership, either during construction or upon construction completion, represents the total projected joint venture contribution amount. For joint ventures not in construction, Total Capital Cost is equal to gross real estate cost.

Uncollectible lease revenue and government rent relief

The following table provides uncollectible Residential lease revenue as a percentage of total Residential rental revenue in the aggregate and excluding amounts recognized from government rent relief programs in each respective period. Government rent relief reduces the amount of uncollectible Residential lease revenue. The Company expects the amount of rent relief recognized to continue to decline in 2023 absent additional funding from the Federal government.

TABLE 10
Same Store Uncollectible Residential Lease Revenue
Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4
20222022202220222021
TotalExcluding Rent ReliefTotalExcluding Rent ReliefTotalExcluding Rent ReliefTotalExcluding Rent ReliefTotalExcluding Rent Relief
    New England1.1 %1.7 %0.8 %1.5 %0.4 %2.0 %0.7 %2.5 %0.3 %2.1 %
    Metro NY/NJ2.2 %3.0 %1.4 %2.6 %2.0 %3.0 %2.4 %3.7 %2.1 %3.9 %
    Mid-Atlantic2.0 %2.4 %2.1 %2.7 %1.9 %2.5 %1.8 %2.6 %1.6 %2.6 %
    Southeast FL2.5 %3.2 %2.8 %3.4 %1.4 %2.8 %1.6 %4.2 %1.6 %2.8 %
    Denver, CO0.6 %1.6 %0.2 %0.7 %0.6 %1.5 %0.4 %0.9 %0.3 %0.8 %
    Pacific NW0.8 %1.1 %0.9 %1.3 %— %0.7 %0.5 %1.1 %1.1 %1.8 %
    N. California1.8 %2.2 %1.0 %2.1 %0.6 %2.8 %2.0 %3.6 %2.0 %3.8 %
    S. California5.2 %5.6 %4.1 %5.6 %(0.8)%6.7 %3.3 %9.6 %1.8 %9.8 %
        Total Same Store2.5 %3.0 %1.9 %2.9 %0.7 %3.4 %2.0 %4.5 %1.6 %4.5 %

Unconsolidated Development is composed of communities that are either currently under construction, or were under construction and were completed during the current year, in which we have an indirect ownership interest through our investment interest in an unconsolidated joint venture. These communities may be partially or fully complete and operating.

Unencumbered NOI as calculated by the Company represents NOI generated by real estate assets unencumbered by outstanding secured notes payable as of December 31, 2022 as a percentage of total NOI generated by real estate assets. The Company believes that current and prospective unsecured creditors of the Company view Unencumbered NOI as one indication of the borrowing capacity of the Company. Therefore, when reviewed together with the Company’s Interest Coverage, EBITDA and cash flow from operations, the Company believes that investors and creditors view Unencumbered NOI as a useful supplemental measure for determining the financial flexibility of an entity. A calculation of Unencumbered NOI for the year ended December 31, 2022 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

16




TABLE 11
Full Year 2022
NOI
Residential NOI:
Same Store$1,540,390 
Other Stabilized128,346 
Development/Redevelopment60,906 
Total Residential NOI1,729,642 
Commercial NOI36,144 
NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale22,746 
Total NOI generated by real estate assets1,788,532 
Less NOI on encumbered assets(85,501)
NOI on unencumbered assets$1,703,031 
Unencumbered NOI95 %



17

EX-99.2 3 q42022ex-992.htm EX-99.2 Document

Exhibit 99.2
avbpressreleaseheader1a19.jpg
For Immediate News Release
February 8, 2023

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC. ANNOUNCES 2022
OPERATING RESULTS, 3.8% DIVIDEND INCREASE
AND INITIAL 2023 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK
(Arlington, VA) AvalonBay Communities, Inc. (NYSE: AVB) (the “Company”) reported Earnings per Share – diluted (“EPS”), Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders - diluted (“FFO”) per share and Core FFO per share (as defined in this release) for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 as detailed below.

 Q4
2022
Q4 2021%
Change
EPS$1.72 $2.40 (28.3)%
FFO per share (1)$2.57 $2.27 13.2 %
Core FFO per share (1)$2.59 $2.27 14.1 %
(1) For additional detail on reconciling items between net income attributable to common stockholders, FFO and Core FFO, see Attachment 14, table 2.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the three months ended December 31, 2022 to its results for the prior year period:

Q4 2022 Results Compared to Q4 2021
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Q4 2021 per share reported results$2.40 $2.27 $2.27 
Same Store Residential NOI (1)0.29 0.29 0.29 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.08 0.08 0.08 
Commercial NOI0.01 0.01 0.01 
Overhead and other (0.10)(0.10)(0.05)
Capital markets and transaction activity — 0.01 (0.03)
Unconsolidated investment income0.03 0.03 0.02 
Income taxes(0.02)(0.02)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.97)— — 
Q4 2022 per share reported results$1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.38 in revenue and $0.09 in operating expenses.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the
three months ended December 31, 2022 to its November 2022 outlook:
Q4 2022 Results Compared to November 2022 Outlook
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Projected per share (1)$1.75 $2.57 $2.60 
Same Store Residential NOI (2)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI— — — 
Commercial NOI— — — 
Overhead and other (0.06)(0.06)(0.02)
Capital markets and transaction activity 0.04 0.04 0.01 
Unconsolidated investment income and other0.07 0.07 0.02 
Income taxes(0.03)(0.03)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.03)— — 
Q4 2022 per share reported results$1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
(1) The mid-point of the Company's November 2022 outlook.
(2) Consists of $0.01 for revenue and $0.01 for operating expenses.

EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 are detailed below.

 Full Year 2022Full Year 2021%
Change
EPS$8.12 $7.19 12.9 %
FFO per share$9.67 $8.13 18.9 %
Core FFO per share$9.79 $8.26 18.5 %

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the year ended December 31, 2022 to its results for the prior year:

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1


Full Year 2022 Results Compared to Full Year 2021
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
2021 per share reported results$7.19 $8.13 $8.26 
Same Store Residential NOI (1)1.29 1.29 1.29 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.42 0.42 0.42 
Commercial NOI0.07 0.07 0.07 
Overhead and other (0.26)(0.26)(0.20)
Capital markets and transaction activity 0.04 0.04 (0.10)
Unconsolidated investment income0.04 0.04 0.05 
Income taxes(0.06)(0.06)— 
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.61)— — 
2022 per share reported results$8.12 $9.67 $9.79 
(1) Consists of increases of $1.57 in revenue and $0.28 in operating expenses.

Same Store Operating Results for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Prior Year Period

Same Store total revenue increased $53,664,000, or 10.2%, to $578,448,000. Same Store Residential rental revenue increased $53,447,000, or 10.3%, to $571,828,000, as detailed in the following table:

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change
Q4 2022 Compared to Q4 2021
Residential rental revenue
Lease rates8.9 %
Concessions and other discounts1.7 %
Economic occupancy(0.3)%
Other rental revenue1.2 %
Uncollectible lease revenue (excluding rent relief) (1)1.2 %
Rent relief (2)(2.4)%
Residential rental revenue10.3 %
(1) Adjusting to remove the impact of rent relief, uncollectible lease revenue as a percentage of total Residential rental revenue decreased to 3.0% in Q4 2022 from 4.5% in Q4 2021. See Attachment 14, table 10 for further detail of uncollectible lease revenue for the Company’s Same Store portfolio.
(2) The Company recognized $3,060,000 and $15,452,000 from government rent relief programs during Q4 2022 and Q4 2021, respectively.

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $13,028,000, or 8.2%, to $171,600,000 and Same Store Residential NOI increased $40,573,000, or 11.3%, to $400,722,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, operating expenses and NOI for the three months ended December 31, 2022 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2021:

Q4 2022 Compared to Q4 2021
Same Store Residential
Rental Revenue
(1)
Opex
(2)
% of
Q4 2022 NOI
 NOI
New England13.3 %8.5 %15.9 %15.0 %
Metro NY/NJ13.4 %7.7 %15.8 %21.5 %
Mid-Atlantic8.4 %4.4 %10.2 %14.8 %
Southeast FL17.4 %34.4 %9.6 %1.6 %
Denver, CO13.2 %10.6 %14.2 %1.3 %
Pacific NW14.2 %9.2 %16.4 %6.2 %
N. California9.7 %10.6 %9.4 %18.3 %
S. California5.5 %7.0 %5.0 %21.3 %
   Total10.3 %8.2 %11.3 %100.0 %
(1) See Attachment 4, Quarterly Residential Rental Revenue and Occupancy Changes, for additional detail.
(2) See Attachment 7, Residential Operating Expenses ("Opex"), for discussion of variances.

Same Store Operating Results for the Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Prior Year

Same Store total revenue increased $222,830,000, or 11.0%, to $2,250,368,000. Same Store Residential rental revenue increased $218,692,000, or 10.9%, to $2,224,125,000, as detailed in the following table:

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change
Full Year 2022 Compared to Full Year 2021
Residential rental revenue
Lease rates7.8 %
Concessions and other discounts1.9 %
Economic occupancy0.1 %
Other rental revenue1.0 %
Uncollectible lease revenue (excluding rent relief) (1)(0.1)%
Rent relief (2)0.2 %
Residential rental revenue10.9 %
(1) Adjusting to remove the impact of rent relief, uncollectible lease revenue as a percentage of total Residential rental revenue decreased to 3.4% in 2022 from 3.7% in 2021.
(2) The Company recognized $36,778,000 and $31,823,000 from government rent relief programs during 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $39,015,000, or 6.0%, to $685,469,000 and Same Store Residential NOI increased $179,941,000, or 13.2%, to $1,540,390,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, operating expenses and NOI for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the year ended December 31, 2021:

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2


Full Year 2022 Compared to Full Year 2021
Same Store Residential
Rental Revenue
(1)
Opex
(2)
% of
2022 NOI
 NOI
New England12.5 %6.0 %16.2 %14.7 %
Metro NY/NJ12.2 %8.0 %14.2 %20.8 %
Mid-Atlantic7.4 %4.6 %8.8 %14.6 %
Southeast FL20.7 %10.4 %27.0 %1.6 %
Denver, CO13.1 %(1.3)%19.5 %1.3 %
Pacific NW15.3 %4.8 %20.3 %6.4 %
N. California8.3 %5.8 %9.4 %18.5 %
S. California11.2 %5.9 %13.6 %22.1 %
   Total10.9 %6.0 %13.2 %100.0 %
(1) See Attachment 6, Full Year Residential Rental Revenue and Occupancy Changes, for additional detail.
(2) See Attachment 7, Residential Opex, for discussion of variances.

Development Activity

Consolidated Development Communities

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company completed the development of Avalon Harbor Isle, located in Island Park, NY. Avalon Harbor Isle contains 172 apartment homes and was constructed for a Total Capital Cost of $94,000,000.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company started construction of Kanso Milford, located in Milford, MA. Kanso Milford is expected to contain 162 apartment homes when completed and be developed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $66,000,000.

During 2022, the Company:

completed the development of five communities containing an aggregate of 1,858 apartment homes for an aggregate Total Capital Cost of $692,000,000; and

commenced the development of five communities, which in the aggregate are expected to contain 1,845 apartment homes when completed and be developed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $729,000,000.

At December 31, 2022, the Company had 17 consolidated Development communities under construction that are expected to contain 5,417 apartment homes and 56,000 square feet of commercial space. Estimated Total Capital Cost at completion for these Development communities is $2,259,000,000.

Disposition Activity

Consolidated Apartment Communities

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold Avalon Park Crest, a wholly-owned community, located in Tysons Corner, VA. Avalon Park Crest contains 354 apartment homes and was sold for $145,500,000, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $88,156,000 and an Economic Gain of $65,764,000.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold nine wholly-owned communities containing an aggregate of 2,062 apartment homes. These assets were sold for $924,450,000 and a weighted average initial Market Cap Rate of 4.0%, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $554,826,000 and an Economic Gain of $404,449,000.

During the three months and year ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold two and 40, respectively, of the 172 residential condominiums at The Park Loggia, located in New York, NY, for gross proceeds of $6,520,000 and $126,848,000, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, the Company has sold 163 of the 172 residential condominiums for aggregate gross proceeds of $478,679,000.

Unconsolidated Real Estate Investments

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Archstone Multifamily Partners AC LP (the "U.S. Fund"), a private discretionary real estate investment vehicle in which the Company holds an equity interest of 28.6%, sold its final three communities, Avalon Grosvenor Tower, Avalon Studio 4121 and Avalon Station 250. These communities contain an aggregate of 671 apartment homes and were sold for $313,500,000. With the disposition of these communities, the Company recognized $4,690,000 in joint venture income associated with its promoted interest in the U.S. Fund.

Acquisition Activity

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired Avalon Highland Creek, a wholly-owned community, located in Charlotte, NC, containing 260 apartment homes for a purchase price of $76,700,000.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired four wholly-owned communities containing 1,313 apartment homes and 16,000 square feet of commercial space for a total purchase price of $536,200,000.

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
3


Structured Investment Program Activity

During 2022, the Company entered into the first commitments under its Structured Investment Program, through which the Company will provide mezzanine loans or preferred equity to third party multifamily developers. The initial commitments are for three mezzanine loans of up to $92,375,000 in the aggregate. These commitments are to fund multifamily development projects in the Company's existing markets. At December 31, 2022, the commitments had a weighted average rate of return of 9.8% and the Company had funded $29,352,000 of these commitments.

Liquidity and Capital Markets

As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under its $2,250,000,000 unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Credit Facility") or its $500,000,000 unsecured commercial paper note program. The commercial paper program is backstopped by the Company's commitment to maintain available borrowing capacity under its Credit Facility in an amount equal to actual borrowings under the program. The Company had $2,248,086,000 available under the Credit Facility after considering its commercial paper program and letters of credit as of December 31, 2022.

In addition, at December 31, 2022, the Company had $613,189,000 in unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and $121,056,000 in cash in escrow, which is restricted primarily related to principal reserve funds for secured borrowing arrangements.

The Company’s annualized Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre (as defined in this release) for the fourth quarter of 2022 was 4.5 times and Unencumbered NOI (as defined in this release) for the year ended December 31, 2022 was 95%.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued $350,000,000 principal amount of unsecured notes in a public offering under its existing shelf registration statement for net proceeds before offering costs of $346,290,000. The notes mature in February 2033 and were issued with a 5.00% coupon. The effective interest rate of the notes is 4.37%, including the impact of offering costs and hedging activity.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, in addition to the debt activity discussed above, the Company had the following debt activity:

The Company repaid its $100,000,000 principal amount variable rate unsecured term loan at its
maturity. The variable rate unsecured term loan was indexed to LIBOR plus 0.90% and entered into in February 2017.

The Company repaid $35,276,000 principal amount secured fixed rate debt with an effective rate of 6.16% in advance of the October 2047 maturity date, recognizing a loss on debt extinguishment of $1,399,000 composed of prepayment penalties and the non-cash write off of unamortized deferred financing costs.

During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company settled the outstanding forward contracts entered into in December 2021 under its current continuous equity program, selling 68,577 shares of common stock for $229.34 per share, for net proceeds of $15,727,000.

During the second quarter of 2022, in connection with an underwritten offering of shares, the Company entered into forward contracts to sell 2,000,000 shares of common stock by the end of 2023 for an initial forward sales price of $247.30 per share and approximate proceeds of $494,200,000 net of offering fees and discounts and based on the initial forward price (the "Equity Forward"). The proceeds that the Company expects to receive on the date or dates of settlement are subject to certain customary adjustments during the term of the forward contract for the Company's dividends and a daily interest charge.

First Quarter 2023 Dividend Declaration

The Company’s Board of Directors declared a dividend for the first quarter of 2023 of $1.65 per share on the Company’s common stock (par value of $0.01 per share). The declared dividend is a 3.8% increase over the Company’s prior quarterly dividend of $1.59 per share. The dividend is payable on April 17, 2023 to common stockholders of record as of March 31, 2023.

In declaring the increased dividend, the Board of Directors evaluated the Company’s past performance and future prospects for earnings growth. Additional factors considered in determining the increase included current common dividend distributions, the relationship of the current common dividend distribution to the Company’s Core FFO, the relationship of dividend distributions to taxable income, distribution requirements under rules governing real estate investment trusts and expected growth in taxable income.

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
4


First Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial Outlook

The following presents a summary of the Company's financial outlook for 2023, further details for which are provided in Attachment 13.

For its first quarter and full year 2023 financial outlook, the Company expects the following:
Projected EPS, Projected FFO and Projected Core FFO Outlook (1)
 Q1 2023Full Year 2023
 LowHighLowHigh
Projected EPS $1.05 $1.15 $6.25 $6.75 
Projected FFO per share $2.46 $2.56 $9.99 $10.49 
Projected Core FFO per share$2.47 $2.57 $10.06 $10.56 
(1) See Attachment 14, table 8, for reconciliations of Projected FFO per share and Projected Core FFO per share to Projected EPS.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the full year 2022 to its 2023 full year financial outlook:

Full Year 2023 Outlook Comparison
to Full Year 2022 Full Year Results
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
2022 per share reported results$8.12 $9.67 $9.79 
Same Store NOI (1)0.51 0.51 0.51 
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI0.20 0.20 0.19 
Commercial NOI(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Overhead and other0.05 0.05 0.03 
Capital markets and transaction activity(0.08)(0.08)(0.10)
Variable rate interest expense(0.10)(0.10)(0.10)
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(2.19)— — 
Projected per share - 2023 outlook (2)$6.50 $10.24 $10.31 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.85 in revenue and $0.34 in operating expenses.
(2) Represents the mid-point of the Company's February 2023 outlook.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the fourth quarter 2022 to its first quarter 2023 financial outlook:

Q4 2022 Results Compared to Q1 2023 Outlook
Per Share
EPSFFOCore FFO
Q4 2022 per share reported results $1.72 $2.57 $2.59 
Same Store NOI (1)(0.03)(0.03)(0.03)
Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI— — — 
Commercial NOI— — — 
Overhead and other(0.02)(0.02)(0.03)
Capital markets and transaction activity— — — 
Variable rate interest expense(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense(0.56)— — 
Projected per share - Q1 2023 outlook (2)$1.10 $2.51 $2.52 
(1) Consists of increases of $0.04 in revenue and $0.07 in operating expenses.
(2) Represents the mid-point of the Company's February 2023 outlook.

First Quarter Conference Schedule

Management is scheduled to present at Citi's Global Property CEO Conference from March 5 - 8, 2023. During this conference, management may discuss the Company's current operating environment; operating trends; development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity; financial outlook; portfolio strategy and other business and financial matters affecting the Company. Details on how to access a webcast of the Company's presentation will be available in advance of the conference event on the Company's website at http://investors.avalonbay.com.

Other Matters

The Company will hold a conference call on February 9, 2023 at 1:00 PM ET to review and answer questions about this release, its fourth quarter 2022 results, the Attachments (described below) and related matters. To participate on the call, dial 877-407-9716.

To hear a replay of the call, which will be available from February 9, 2023 at 4:00 PM ET to March 9, 2023, dial 844-512-2921 and use replay passcode: 13734358. A webcast of the conference call will also be available at http://investors.avalonbay.com, and an online playback of the webcast will be available for at least seven days following the call.

The Company produces Earnings Release Attachments (the "Attachments") that provide detailed information regarding operating, development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity. These Attachments are considered a part of this earnings release and are available in full with this earnings release via the Company's website at http://investors.avalonbay.com. To receive future press
Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
5


releases via e-mail, please submit a request through http://investors.avalonbay.com/email_notification.

In addition to the Attachments, the Company is providing a teleconference presentation that will be available on the Company's website at http://investors.avalonbay.com subsequent to this release and before the market opens on February 9, 2023.

About AvalonBay Communities, Inc.

As of December 31, 2022, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 294 apartment communities containing 88,475 apartment homes in 12 states and the District of Columbia, of which 18 communities were under development and one community was under redevelopment. The Company is an equity REIT in the business of developing, redeveloping, acquiring and managing apartment communities in leading metropolitan areas in New England, the New York/New Jersey Metro area, the Mid-Atlantic, the Pacific Northwest, and Northern and Southern California, as well as in the Company's expansion markets of Raleigh-Durham and Charlotte, North Carolina, Southeast Florida, Dallas and Austin, Texas, and Denver, Colorado. More information may be found on the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com. For additional information, please contact Jason Reilley, Vice President of Investor Relations, at 703-317-4681.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release, including its Attachments, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements, which you can identify by the Company’s use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “believes,” “outlook,” "may," "shall," "will," "pursue" and similar expressions that predict or indicate future events and trends and that do not report historical matters, are based on the Company’s expectations, forecasts and assumptions at the time of this release, which may not be realized and involve risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted accurately or that might not be anticipated. These could cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that might cause such differences include the following: we may abandon development or redevelopment opportunities for which we have already incurred costs; adverse capital and credit market conditions, including rising interest rates, may affect
our access to various sources of capital and/or cost of capital, which may affect our business activities, earnings and common stock price, among other things; changes in local employment conditions, demand for apartment homes, supply of competitive housing products, landlord-tenant laws, including the adoption of new rent control regulations, and other economic or regulatory conditions may result in lower than expected occupancy and/or rental rates and adversely affect the profitability of our communities; delays in completing development, redevelopment and/or lease-up, and general price inflation, may result in increased financing and construction costs and may delay and/or reduce the profitability of a community; debt and/or equity financing for development, redevelopment or acquisitions of communities may not be available or may not be available on favorable terms; we may be unable to obtain, or experience delays in obtaining, necessary governmental permits and authorizations; expenses may result in communities that we develop or redevelop failing to achieve expected profitability; our assumptions concerning risks relating to joint ventures and our ability to successfully dispose of certain assets may not be realized; investments made under the Structured Investment Program in either mezzanine debt or preferred equity of third-party multifamily development may not be repaid as expected; our assumptions and expectations in our financial outlook may prove to be too optimistic; the timing and net proceeds of condominium sales at The Park Loggia may not equal our current expectations; litigation costs and consequences may exceed our expectations; and risks related to pandemics, including the effect, among other factors, on the multifamily industry and the general economy of measures taken by businesses and the government, such as governmental limitations on the ability of multifamily owners to evict residents who are delinquent in the payment of their rent, the preferences of consumers and businesses for living and working arrangements, and federal efforts at economic stimulus. Additional discussions of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements appear in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 under the heading “Risk Factors” and under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Forward-Looking Statements” and in subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.

The Company does not undertake a duty to update forward-looking statements, including its expected 2023 operating results and other financial data forecasts contained in this release. The Company may, in its discretion, provide
Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
6


information in future public announcements regarding its outlook that may be of interest to the investment community. The format and extent of future outlooks may be different from the format and extent of the information contained in this release.
 
Definitions and Reconciliations

Non-GAAP financial measures and other capitalized terms, as used in this earnings release, are defined, reconciled and further explained on Attachment 14, Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms. Attachment 14 is included in the full earnings release available at the Company’s website at http://investors.avalonbay.com.

Copyright © 2023 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved
7


er-q4x2022.jpg
8



 FOURTH QUARTER 2022
 
Supplemental Operating and Financial Data
 
Table of Contents
 
Company Profile  
Condensed Consolidated Operating Information..........................................................................................................Attachment 1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets....................................................................................................................Attachment 2
Sequential Operating Information.................................................................................................................................Attachment 3
  
Market Profile - Same Store  
Quarterly Residential Rental Revenue and Occupancy Changes................................................................................Attachment 4
Sequential Quarterly Residential Rental Revenue and Occupancy Changes..............................................................Attachment 5
Full Year Residential Rental Revenue and Occupancy Changes.................................................................................Attachment 6
Residential Operating Expenses ("Opex")....................................................................................................................Attachment 7
  
Development, Joint Venture, Debt Profile and Disposition Activity  
Expensed Community Maintenance Costs and Capitalized Community Expenditures................................................Attachment 8
Development Communities...........................................................................................................................................Attachment 9
Unconsolidated Real Estate Investments.....................................................................................................................Attachment 10
Debt Structure and Select Debt Metrics........................................................................................................................Attachment 11
Summary of Disposition Activity....................................................................................................................................Attachment 12
Financial Outlook
2023 Financial Outlook.................................................................................................................................................Attachment 13
Definitions and Reconciliations  
Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms...................................................Attachment 14

 
The following is a "Safe Harbor" Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The projections and estimates contained in the following attachments, including but not limited to Attachments 9, 10, 13 and 14 contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially from those projected in such statements. Risks associated with the Company's development, redevelopment, construction, and lease-up activities which could impact the forward-looking statements are discussed in the paragraph titled "Forward-Looking Statements" in the release that accompanies, and should be read in conjunction with, these attachments. These and other risks are also described in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 and the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for subsequent quarters, and could cause actual results to differ materially from such projections and estimates.
9


Attachment 1
AvalonBay Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Operating Information
December 31, 2022
(Dollars in thousands except per share data)
(unaudited)
Q4Q4Full YearFull Year
20222021% Change20222021% Change
Revenue:   
Rental and other income$666,394 $600,494 11.0 %$2,587,113 $2,291,766 12.9 %
Management, development and other fees3,279 703 366.4 %6,333 3,084 105.4 %
Total669,673 601,197 11.4 %2,593,446 2,294,850 13.0 %
Operating expenses:
Direct property operating expenses, excluding property taxes127,411 115,218 10.6 %509,529 469,123 8.6 %
Property taxes72,266 70,571 2.4 %288,960 283,089 2.1 %
Total community operating expenses199,677 185,789 7.5 %798,489 752,212 6.2 %
Property management and other indirect operating expenses(29,463)(25,258)16.6 %(120,625)(101,730)18.6 %
Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries (1)(6,700)(1,331)403.4 %(16,565)(3,231)412.7 %
Interest expense, net (1)(57,461)(55,711)3.1 %(230,074)(220,415)4.4 %
Loss on extinguishment of debt, net— (19)100.0 %(1,646)(17,787)(90.7)%
Depreciation expense(207,232)(197,036)5.2 %(814,978)(758,596)7.4 %
General and administrative expense (1)(20,741)(16,481)25.8 %(74,064)(69,611)6.4 %
Casualty loss— (2)100.0 %— (3,119)100.0 %
Income from investments in unconsolidated entities6,820 5,626 21.2 %53,394 38,585 38.4 %
Gain on sale of communities88,065 213,881 (58.8)%555,558 602,235 (7.8)%
Gain on other real estate transactions, net4,944 95 N/A5,039 2,097 140.3 %
Net for-sale condominium activity (2)(381)425 N/A88 (977)N/A
Income before income taxes247,847 339,597 (27.0)%1,151,084 1,010,089 14.0 %
Income tax expense (1)(6,683)(4,299)55.5 %(14,646)(5,733)155.5 %
Net income241,164 335,298 (28.1)%1,136,438 1,004,356 13.2 %
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests 129 (89)N/A337 (57)N/A
Net income attributable to common stockholders$241,293 $335,209 (28.0)%$1,136,775 $1,004,299 13.2 %
Net income attributable to common stockholders per common share - basic$1.72 $2.40 (28.3)%$8.13 $7.19 13.1 %
Net income attributable to common stockholders per common share - diluted$1.72 $2.40 (28.3)%$8.12 $7.19 12.9 %
FFO (1)$359,135 $317,091 13.3 %$1,353,732 $1,135,681 19.2 %
Per common share - diluted$2.57 $2.27 13.2 %$9.67 $8.13 18.9 %
Core FFO (1)$363,087 $317,551 14.3 %$1,369,999 $1,153,472 18.8 %
Per common share - diluted$2.59 $2.27 14.1 %$9.79 $8.26 18.5 %
Dividends declared - common$222,911 $222,658 0.1 %$891,190 $890,001 0.1 %
Per common share$1.59 $1.59 — %$6.36 $6.36 — %
Average shares and participating securities outstanding - basic139,956,721 139,790,984 0.1 %139,891,551 139,681,493 0.2 %
Average shares outstanding - diluted140,007,823 139,928,816 0.1 %139,975,087 139,717,399 0.2 %
Total outstanding common shares and operating partnership units139,924,364 139,759,426 0.1 %139,924,364 139,759,426 0.1 %
(1)Amounts include non-Core items as detailed in Attachment 14 - Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms, table 2.
(2)Amounts include $485 and $634 of for-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs and are offset by $104 and $1,059 of gains on for-sale condominiums for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Amounts include $2,129 and $4,087 of for-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs and are offset by $2,217 and $3,110 of gains on for-sale condominiums for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. See Attachment 14 - Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms, table 2.
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Attachment 2
 
AvalonBay Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 31, 2022
(Dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 December 31,December 31,
 20222021
Real estate$24,619,616 $23,799,947 
Less accumulated depreciation(6,878,556)(6,208,610)
Net operating real estate17,741,060 17,591,337 
Construction in progress, including land1,072,543 807,101 
Land held for development179,204 147,546 
For-sale condominium inventory (1)32,532 146,535 
Real estate assets held for sale, net— 17,065 
Total real estate, net19,025,339 18,709,584 
Cash and cash equivalents613,189 420,251 
Cash in escrow121,056 123,537 
Resident security deposits36,815 33,757 
Investments in unconsolidated entities212,084 216,390 
Other assets449,281 398,497 
Total assets$20,457,764 $19,902,016 
Unsecured notes, net$7,602,305 $7,349,394 
Unsecured credit facility and commercial paper—