10-K 1 sgma-20180430x10k.htm 10-K 20180430 10K

 





UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K



(Mark One)



      X       Annual Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.

Or

                Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 For the transition period from ___________to___________.



Commission file number 0-23248



SIGMATRON INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

2201 Landmeier Rd., Elk Grove Village, IL

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  847-956-8000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

36-3918470

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

60007

(Zip Code)

 

 







ASDAQ Capital Market

Title of each class

Common Stock $0.01 par value per share

Name of each exchange on which registered

The NASDAQ Capital Market



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes   No



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 

 Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes   No



Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 

 

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer,  smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.   See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer, “smaller reporting company, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large accelerated filer  Accelerated filer     Non-accelerated filer     Smaller reporting company    

Emerging growth company    



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.



Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) Yes  No



The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of October 31, 2017 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $35,764,422 based on the closing sale price of $9.61 per share as reported by Nasdaq Capital Market as of such date.



The number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, as of July 20, 2018 was 4,230,008. 



DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE



Certain sections or portions of the definitive proxy statement of SigmaTron International, Inc., for use in connection with its 2018 annual meeting of stockholders, which the Company intends to file within 120 days of the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.











 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS





 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 



ITEM 1.

BUSINESS



ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

10 



ITEM IB.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

17 



ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

18 



ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

19 



ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

19 



 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

20 



 

 



ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

21 



ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

21 



 

 



ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISKS

33 



 

 



ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

33 



ITEM 9.

CHANGES AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

33 



 

 



ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

33 



ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION

34 



 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 10.

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

34 



ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

34 



ITEM 12.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

35 



 

 



ITEM 13.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS, RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

35 



 

 



ITEM 14.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

35 



 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

36 



ITEM 16.

10-K SUMMARY

36 

SIGNATURES

42 





 

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PART I





ITEM 1.  BUSINESS



CAUTIONARY NOTE:



In addition to historical financial information, this discussion of the business of SigmaTron International, Inc. (“SigmaTron”), its wholly-owned subsidiaries Standard Components de Mexico S.A., AbleMex, S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly-owned foreign enterprises Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. (collectively, “SigmaTron China”) and international procurement office SigmaTron Taiwan branch (collectively, the “Company”) and other Items in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain forward-looking statements concerning the Company’s business or results of operations.  Words such as “continue,” “anticipate,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “plan,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of the Company.  Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, the Company’s plans, actions and actual results could differ materially.  Such statements should be evaluated in the context of the risks and uncertainties inherent in the Company’s business including, but not necessarily limited to, the Company’s continued dependence on certain significant customers; the continued market acceptance of products and services offered by the Company and its customers; pricing pressures from the Company’s customers, suppliers and the market; the activities of competitors, some of which may have greater financial or other resources than the Company; the variability of our operating results; the results of long-lived assets and goodwill impairment testing; the variability of our customers’ requirements; the availability and cost of necessary components and materials; the ability of the Company and our customers to keep current with technological changes within our industries; regulatory compliance, including conflict minerals; the continued availability and sufficiency of our credit arrangements; changes in U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese or Taiwanese regulations affecting the Company’s business; the turmoil in the global economy and financial markets; the stability of the U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese and Taiwanese economic, labor and political systems and conditions; currency exchange fluctuations; and the ability of the Company to manage its growth.  These and other factors which may affect the Company’s future business and results of operations are identified throughout the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, and as risk factors, may be detailed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  These statements speak as of the date of such filings, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements in light of future events or otherwise unless otherwise required by law.



Overview



SigmaTron is a Delaware corporation, which was organized on November 16, 1993, and commenced operations when it became the successor to all of the assets and liabilities of SigmaTron L.P., an Illinois limited partnership, through a reorganization on February 8, 1994.



The Company operates in one business segment as an independent provider of electronic manufacturing services (“EMS”), which includes printed circuit board assemblies and completely assembled (box-build) electronic products.  In connection with the production of assembled products, the Company also provides services to its customers, including (1) automatic and manual assembly and testing of products; (2) material sourcing and procurement; (3) manufacturing and test engineering support; (4) design services; (5) warehousing and distribution services; and (6) assistance in obtaining product approval from governmental and other regulatory bodies.  The Company provides these manufacturing services through an international network of facilities located in the United States, Mexico, China, Vietnam and Taiwan.



The Company provides manufacturing and assembly services ranging from the assembly of individual components to the assembly and testing of box-build electronic products.  The Company has the ability to produce assemblies requiring mechanical as well as electronic capabilities.  The products assembled by the

 

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Company are then incorporated into finished products sold in various industries, particularly industrial electronics, consumer electronics and medical/life sciences.  In some instances the Company manufactures the completed finished product for its customers.



The Company operates manufacturing facilities in Elk Grove Village, Illinois United States of America (“U.S.”); Union City, California U.S.; Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico; Suzhou, China; and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.  In addition, the Company maintains an International Procurement Office (IPO) in Taipei, Taiwan.  The Company also provides design services in Elgin, Illinois.  The Company has an information technology office in Taichung, Taiwan. 



The Company’s international footprint provides our customers with flexibility within the Company to manufacture in China,  Mexico, Vietnam or the U.S.    We believe this strategy will continue to serve the Company well as its customers continuously evaluate their supply chain strategies.



Products and Services



The Company provides a broad range of electronic and electromechanical manufacturing related outsourcing solutions for its customers.  These solutions incorporate the Company’s knowledge and expertise in the EMS industry to provide its customers with an international network of manufacturing facilities, advanced manufacturing technologies, complete supply chain management, responsive and flexible customer service, as well as product design, test and engineering support.  The Company’s EMS solutions are available from inception of product concept through the ultimate delivery of a finished product.  Such technologies and services include the following:



Manufacturing and Testing Services:  The Company’s core business is the assembly and testing of all types of electronic printed circuit board assemblies (“PCBA”) and often incorporating these PCBAs into electronic modules used in all types of devices and products that depend on electronics for their operation.  This assembly work utilizes state of the art manufacturing and test equipment to deliver highly reliable products to the Company’s customers.  The Company supports new product introduction (“NPI”), low volume / high mix as well as high volume/ low mix assembly work at all levels of complexity.  Assembly services include pin-through-hole (“PTH”) components, surface mount (“SMT”) components, including ball grid array (“BGA”), part-on-part components, conformal coating, parylene coating and others.  Test services include and are not limited to, in-circuit, automated optical inspection (“AOI”), functional, burn-in, hi-pot and boundary scan.  From simple component assembly through the most complicated industry testing, the Company offers most of the services required to build electronic devices commercially available in the market today.



Design Services:    To compliment the manufacturing services it offers its customers, the Company also offers DFM, design for manufacturing and DFT, design for test review services to help customers ensure that the products they have designed are optimized for production and testing.  The Company also offers complete product design services.



Supply Chain Management:  The Company provides complete supply chain management for the procurement of components needed to build customers’ products.  This includes the procurement and management of all types of electronic components and related mechanical parts such as plastics and metals.  The Company’s resources supporting this activity are provided both on a plant specific basis as well as globally through its IPO in Taipei, Taiwan.  Each of its sites is linked together using the same Enterprise Resource Planning (“ERP”) system and custom IScore software tools with real-time on-line visibility for customer access.  The Company procures material from major manufacturers and distributors of electronic parts all over the world.



The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  In the past twelve months the component marketplace has experienced shortages of various components, which in some cases has delayed delivery of product to customers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater direct

 

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buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers.  The Company believes that short-term purchase orders with its suppliers provides flexibility, given that the Company’s orders are based on the changing needs of its customers.



Warehousing and Distribution:  The Company provides both in-house and third party warehousing, shipping, and customs brokerage for border crossings as part of its service offering.  This includes international shipping, drop shipments to the end customer, as well as, support of inventory optimization activities such as kanban and consignment.



Green, Sustainability, and Social Responsible Initiatives:  The Company supports initiatives that promote sustainability, green environment and social responsibility.  The Company requires its supply chain to meet all government imposed requirements in these areas and helps its customers in achieving effective compliance.  Those include, but are not limited to, Restrictions of Hazardous Substances (“RoHS”), Restriction of Chemicals (“REACH”) and Conflict Minerals regulations.



Manufacturing Location and Certifications:    The Company’s manufacturing and warehousing locations are  strategically located to support our customers with  locations in Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S.; Union City, California U.S.; Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico; Suzhou, China and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.  The Company’s ability to transition manufacturing to lower cost regions without jeopardizing flexibility and service, differentiates it from many competitors.  Manufacturing certifications and registrations are location specific, and include ISO 9001:2008, ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2004, ISO 14001:2015, ISOTS 16949, Medical ISO 13485:2003, Aerospace AS9100D and International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) certifications. 



Markets and Customers



The Company’s customers are in the industrial electronics, consumer electronics and medical/life sciences  industries.  As of April 30, 2018, the Company had approximately 165 active customers ranging from Fortune 500 companies to small, privately held enterprises.



The following table shows, for the periods indicated, the percentage of net sales to the principal end-user markets it serves.





 

 

 



 

 

 



Percent of Net Sales

Markets

Typical OEM Application

Fiscal 2018
%

Fiscal 2017 %

Industrial Electronics

Health club equipment, gaming, controls, smart grid, IOT connectivity

54.8  48.4 

Consumer Electronics

Appliances/white goods, automotive-vision systems,
E-writers

40.4  47.0 

Medical/Life Sciences

Operating tables, battery packs, dental equipment,
sterilizers

4.8  4.6 

Total

 

100%  100% 



Reclassifications have been made to the above schedule for fiscal years 2018 and 2017.  For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018, the Company’s largest two customers, Electrolux and Whirlpool Inc., accounted for 20.2% and 13.3%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales.  For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017, Electrolux and Whirlpool Inc., accounted for 26.7% and 12.6%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales.  The Company believes that Electrolux and Whirlpool will continue to account for a significant percentage of the Company’s net sales, although the percentage of net sales may vary from period to period.







 

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Sales and Marketing



Many of the members of the Company’s senior management are actively involved in sales and marketing efforts, and the Company has 4 direct sales employees.    The Company markets its services through 8 independent manufacturers’ representative organizations that together currently employ 19 sales personnel in the United States and Canada.  Independent manufacturers’ representatives organizations receive variable commissions based on orders received by the Company and are assigned specific accounts, not territories.  In addition, the Company markets itself through its website and tradeshows. 



Mexico, Vietnam and China Operations



The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Standard Components de Mexico, S.A, a Mexican corporation, is located in Acuna, Coahuila Mexico, a border town across the Rio Grande River from Del Rio, Texas, and is 155 miles west of San Antonio. Standard Components de Mexico, S.A. was incorporated and commenced operation in 1968 and had 819 employees at April 30, 2018.  The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, AbleMex S.A. de C.V., a Mexican corporation, is located in Tijuana, Baja California Mexico, a border town south of San Diego, California.  AbleMex S.A. de C.V. was incorporated and commenced operations in 2000.  The operation had 336 employees at April 30, 2018.  The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico S.A., a Mexican corporation, operates in Chihuahua, Mexico, located approximately 235 miles from El Paso, Texas.  Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico S.A. was incorporated and commenced operations in 1997.  The operation had 515 employees at April 30, 2018.  The Company believes that one of the key benefits to having operations in Mexico is its access to cost-effective labor resources while having geographic proximity to the United States.



The Company’s wholly-owned foreign enterprises, Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., are located in Suzhou, China.  The Company has entered into an agreement with governmental authorities in the economic development zone of Wujiang, Jiangsu Province, Peoples Republic of China, pursuant to which the Company became the lessee of a parcel of land of approximately 100 Chinese acres.  The term of the land lease is 50 years.  The Company built a manufacturing plant, office space and dormitories on this site during 2004.  In fiscal 2015, the China facility expanded and added 40,000 square feet in warehouse and manufacturing.  The total square footage of the facility is 202,000 and has 519 employees as of April 30, 2018.  Both SigmaTron China entities operate at this site. 



The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd. is located in Amata Industrial Park, Bien Hoa City, Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, and is 18 miles east of Ho Chi Minh City.  Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd. was incorporated and commenced operation in 2005 and had 284 employees as of April 30, 2018.



The Company provides funds for salaries, wages, overhead and capital expenditure items as necessary to operate its wholly-owned Mexican, Vietnamese and Chinese subsidiaries and the Taiwan IPO.  The Company provides funding in U.S. Dollars, which are exchanged for Pesos, Dong, Renminbi, and New Taiwan dollars.  The fluctuation of currencies from time to time, without an equal or greater increase in inflation, could have a material impact on the financial results of the Company.    The impact of currency fluctuations for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018 resulted in net foreign currency transaction gains of approximately $125,000 compared to net foreign currency losses of $508,000 in the prior year.  In fiscal year 2018,  the Company paid approximately $49,170,000 to its foreign subsidiaries.



The consolidated financial statements as of April 30, 2018 include the accounts and transactions of SigmaTron, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Standard Components de Mexico, S.A., AbleMex S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly-owned foreign enterprises Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., and international procurement office, SigmaTron Taiwan Branch.  The functional currency of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries operations is the U.S. Dollar.  Intercompany transactions are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.





 

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Competition



The EMS industry is highly competitive and subject to rapid change.  Furthermore, both large and small companies compete in the industry, and many have significantly greater financial resources, more extensive business experience and greater marketing and production capabilities than the Company.  The significant competitive factors in this industry include price, quality, service, timeliness, reliability, the ability to source raw components, and manufacturing and technological capabilities.  The Company believes it can compete on all of these factors.



Consolidation



As a result of consolidation and other transactions involving competitors and other companies in the Company’s markets, the Company occasionally reviews potential transactions relating to its business, products and technologies.  Such transactions could include mergers, acquisitions, strategic alliances, joint ventures, licensing agreements, co-promotion agreements, financing arrangements or other types of transactions.  In the future, the Company may choose to enter into these types of or other transactions at any time depending on available sources of financing, and such transactions could have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or operations.



Governmental Regulations



The Company’s operations are subject to certain foreign government,  U.S. federal, state and local regulatory requirements relating to, among others, environmental, waste management, labor and health and safety matters.  Management believes that the Company’s business is operated in compliance with all such regulations, which include European regulations known as RoHS and REACH.  RoHS prohibits the use of lead, mercury and certain other specified substances in products being sold into the European Union.  The Company has RoHS-dedicated manufacturing capabilities at all of its manufacturing operations. REACH imposes information reporting requirements on all listed SVHCs (substances of very high concern).  From time-to-time the Company's customers request REACH required information and certifications on the assemblies the Company manufactures for them.  These requests require the Company to gather information from component suppliers to verify the presence and level of mass of any SVHCs greater than 0.1% in the assemblies the Company manufactures based on customer specifications.  If any SVHCs are present at more than 0.1% of the mass of the item, the specific concentration and mass of the SVHC must be reported to proper authorities by the Company's customer.



The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) introduced reporting requirements for verification of whether the Company directly (or indirectly through suppliers of components) is purchasing the minerals or metals gold, columbite-tantalite, cassiterite, wolframite and their derivatives (tin, tungsten, and tantalum), that are being provided by sources in the conflict region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (“DRC”).  On May 23, 2018, the Company filed Form SD with the Securities and Exchange Commission stating the Company’s supply chain remains DRC conflict undeterminable.



The Company’s costs of compliance with environmental laws, including conflict mineral reporting, is estimated to be a total of approximately $1,500,000 for the three most recently completed fiscal years ending April 30, 2018.  Additional or modified requirements may be imposed in the future.  If such additional or modified requirements are imposed, or if conditions requiring remediation are found to exist, the Company may be required to incur additional expenditures.



Backlog



The Company relies on customers’ forecasted orders and purchase orders (firm orders) from its customers to estimate backlog.  The Company’s backlog of firm orders as of April 30, 2018 and 2017 was approximately $219,100,000 and $209,540,000, respectively.  The Company anticipates a significant portion of the backlog at April 30, 2018 will ship in fiscal year 2019.  Because customers may cancel or reschedule deliveries, backlog may not be a meaningful indicator of future revenue.  Variations in the magnitude and duration of contracts,

 

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forecasts and purchase orders received by the Company and delivery requirements generally may result in substantial fluctuations in backlog from period to period.



Employees



The Company employed approximately 2,993 full-time employees as of April 30, 2018,  including 213 engaged in engineering or engineering-related services, 2,396 in manufacturing and 384 in administrative and marketing functions.    



The Company has a labor contract with Chemical & Production Workers Union Local No. 30, AFL-CIO, covering the Company’s workers in Elk Grove Village, Illinois which expires on November 30, 2018. The Company’s Mexican subsidiary, Standard Components de Mexico S.A., has a labor contract with Sindicato De Trabajadores de la Industra Electronica, Similares y Conexos del Estado de Coahuila, C.T.M. covering the Company’s workers in Acuna, Mexico which expires on February 3, 2020.  The Company’s subsidiary located in Tijuana Mexico has a labor contract with Sindicato Mexico Moderno De Trabajadores De La, Baja California, C.R.O.C.  The contract does not have an expiration date.  The Company’s subsidiary located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, has a labor contract with CONG DOAN CO SO CONG TY TNHH Spitfire Controls Vietnam. The contract expires February 5, 2019.



Since the time the Company commenced operations, it has not experienced any union-related work stoppages.  The Company believes its relations with its unions and its other employees are good.



 

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Executive Officers of the Registrant 







 

 

 

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position



 

 

 

 

Gary R. Fairhead

 

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President and Chief Executive Officer.  Gary R. Fairhead has been the President of the Company since January 1990 and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company since August 2011.  Gary R. Fairhead is the brother of Gregory A. Fairhead.



 

 

 

 

Linda K. Frauendorfer

 

57

 

Chief Financial Officer, Vice President of Finance, Treasurer and Secretary since February 1994. Director of the Company since August 2011.



 

 

 

 

Gregory A. Fairhead

 

62

 

Executive Vice President and Assistant Secretary.  Gregory A. Fairhead has been the Executive Vice President since February 2000 and Assistant Secretary since 1994.  Mr. Fairhead was Vice President - Acuna Operations for the Company from February 1990 to February 2000.  Gregory A. Fairhead is the brother of Gary R. Fairhead.



 

 

 

 

John P. Sheehan

 

57

 

Vice President, Director of Supply Chain and Assistant Secretary since February 1994.



 

 

 

 

Daniel P. Camp

 

69

 

Vice President, Acuna Operations since 2007.  Vice President - China Operations from 2003 to 2007.  General Manager / Vice President of Acuna Operations from 1994 to 2003.



 

 

 

 

Rajesh B. Upadhyaya

 

63

 

Executive Vice President, West Coast Operations since 2005.  Mr. Upadhyaya was the Vice President of the Fremont Operations from 2001 until 2005.



 

 

 

 

Hom-Ming Chang

 

58

 

Vice President, China Operations since 2007.  Vice President - Hayward Materials / Test / IT from 2005 - 2007.  Vice President of Engineering Fremont Operation from 2001 to 2005.







ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS



The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating our business and the forward-looking information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Any of the following risks could materially adversely affect our business, operations, industry or financial position or our future financial performance.  While the Company believes it has identified and discussed below the key risk factors affecting its business, there may be additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known or that are not currently believed to be significant that may adversely affect its business, operations, industry, financial position and financial performance in the future.



The Company’s ability to secure and maintain sufficient credit arrangements is key to its continued operations.



Prior to March 31, 2017 the Company had a senior secured credit facility with Wells Fargo, N.A. with a revolving credit limit up to $30,000,000.  The credit facility was collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets and the Company had pledged 65% of its equity ownership interest in some of its foreign entities.  Prior to its payoff and termination, the Wells Fargo, N.A. senior secured credit facility was due to expire on October 31, 2018.  On March 31, 2017, the Company paid the balance outstanding under the senior revolving credit facility in the amount of $22,232,914.  The remaining deferred financing costs of $68,475 were expensed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.



 

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On March 31, 2017, the Company entered into a $35,000,000 senior secured credit facility with U.S. Bank, National Association (“U.S. Bank”), which expires on March 31, 2022.  The credit facility is collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets. The facility allows the Company to choose among interest rates at which it may borrow funds:  the bank fixed rate of four percent or LIBOR plus one and one half percent (effectively 3.83% at April 30, 2018).  Interest is due monthly.  Under the senior secured credit facility, the Company may borrow up to the lesser of (i) $35,000,000 or (ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the eligible receivable borrowing base plus a percentage of the eligible inventory borrowing base (the “Borrowing Base”)Deferred financing costs of $34,971 and $207,647 were capitalized in the twelve month period ending April 30, 2018 and the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, respectively, which are amortized over the term of the agreementAs of April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017 the unamortized amount included in other assets was $192,502 and $204,186, respectively.    As of April 30, 2018, there was $29,279,631 outstanding and $5,720,369 of unused availability under the U.S. Bank facility compared to an outstanding balance of $23,178,429 and $11,821,571 of unused availability at April 30, 2017.  At April 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenant and other restricted covenants under the credit facility.



On July 16, 2018, the Company and U.S. Bank entered into an amendment of the revolving credit facility.  The amended revolving credit facility allows the Company to borrow up to the lesser of (i) $45,000,000 less reserves or (ii) 90% of the Company’s Borrowing Base, except that the 90% limitation will expire if the Company’s actual revolving loans for the first 90 days after the amendment’s effective date are less than 80% of the Company’s Borrowing Base and the Company maintains a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of 1.2 to 1.0 for four consecutive quarters.  The amendment also imposes sublimits on categories of inventory equal to $17,500,000 on raw materials and $25,000,000 on finished goods.   



On August 4, 2015, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. could borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility was collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest was payable monthly and the facility had a fixed interest rate of 6.67%.  The facility was due to expire on August 3, 2017.  The credit facility was closed as of March 1, 2017.



On March 24, 2017, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. could borrow up to 9,000,000 Renminbi and the facility was collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest was payable monthly and the facility had a fixed interest rate of 6.09%.  The term of the facility extended to February 7, 2018.  The credit facility was closed as of February 11, 2018.  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April 30, 2017. 



On February 12, 2018, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. can borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6.09%.  The term of the facility extends to February 7, 2019.  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  30, 2018.



The Company anticipates that its credit facilities, cash flow from operations and leasing resources are adequate to meet its working capital requirements and capital expenditures for fiscal year 2019. In addition, in the event the Company desires to expand its operations, its business grows more rapidly than expected, the current economic climate deteriorates, customers delay payments, or the Company desires to consummate an acquisition, additional financing resources may be necessary in the current or future fiscal years.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain equity or debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to retain or renew its credit agreements in the future, or that any retention or renewal will be on the same terms as currently exist.









 

11

 


 

 

Adverse changes in the economy or political conditions could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.



The Company’s sales and gross margins depend significantly on market demand for its customers’ products.  The uncertainty in the U.S. and international economic and political environments could result in a decline in demand for our customers’ products in any industry.  Further, any adverse changes in tax rates and laws affecting our customers could result in decreasing gross margins.  Any of these factors could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.



The Company experiences variable operating results.



The Company’s results of operations have varied and may continue to fluctuate significantly from period to period, including on a quarterly basis.  Consequently, results of operations in any period should not be considered indicative of the results for any future period, and fluctuations in operating results may also result in fluctuations in the price of the Company’s common stock.



The Company’s quarterly and annual results may vary significantly depending on numerous factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.  Some of these factors include:



-          changes in sales mix to customers

-          changes in availability and rising component costs

-          volume of customer orders relative to capacity

-          market demand and acceptance of our customers’ products

-          price erosion within the EMS marketplace

-          capital equipment requirements needed to remain technologically competitive

-          volatility in the U.S. and international economic and financial markets



The Company’s customer base is concentrated.



Sales to the Company’s five largest customers accounted for 50.2% and 55.2% of net sales for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  For the year ended April 30, 2018, two customers accounted for 20.2% and 13.3% of net sales of the Company, and 6.0% and 2.9%, respectively, of accounts receivable at April 30, 2018.  For the year ended April 30, 2017, two customers accounted for 26.7% and 12.6% of net sales of the Company and 8.4% and 4.2%, respectively, of accounts receivable at April 30, 2017.  Significant reductions in sales to any of the Company’s major customers or the loss of a major customer could have a material impact on the Company’s operations.  If the Company cannot replace cancelled or reduced orders, sales will decline, which could have a material impact on the results of operations.  There can be no assurance that the Company will retain any or all of its largest customers.  This risk may be further complicated by pricing pressures and intense competition prevalent in our industry.



If any of the Company’s customers have financial difficulties, the Company could encounter delays or defaults in the payment of amounts owed for accounts receivable and inventory obligations.  This could have a significant adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.



Most of the Company’s customers do not commit to long-term production schedules, which makes it difficult to schedule production and achieve maximum efficiency at the Company’s manufacturing facilities and manage inventory levels.



The volume and timing of sales to the Company’s customers may vary due to:



-          customers’ attempts to manage their inventory

-          variation in demand for the Company’s customers’ products

-          design changes, or

-          acquisitions of or consolidation among customers



Many of the Company’s customers do not commit to firm production schedules.  The Company’s inability to forecast the level of customer orders with certainty can make it difficult to schedule production and maximize

 

12

 


 

 

utilization of manufacturing capacity and manage inventory levels.  The Company could be required to increase or decrease staffing and more closely manage other expenses in order to meet the anticipated demand of its customers.  Orders from the Company’s customers could be cancelled or delivery schedules could be deferred as a result of changes in our customers’ demand, thereby adversely affecting the Company’s results of operations in any given quarter.



The Company and its customers may be unable to keep current with the industry’s technological changes.



The market for the Company’s manufacturing services is characterized by rapidly changing technology and continuing product development.  The future success of the Company’s business will depend in large part upon our customers’ ability to maintain and enhance their technological capabilities, develop and market manufacturing services which meet changing customer needs and successfully anticipate or respond to technological changes in manufacturing processes on a cost-effective and timely basis.



Our customers have competitive challenges, including rapid technological changes, pricing pressure and decreasing demand from their customers, which could adversely affect their business and the Company’s.



Factors affecting the industries that utilize our customers’ products could negatively impact our customers and the Company.  These factors include:



-          increased competition among our customers and their competitors

-          the inability of our customers to develop and market their products

-          recessionary periods in our customers’ markets

-          the potential that our customers’ products become obsolete

-          our customers’ inability to react to rapidly changing technology



Any such factor or a combination of factors could negatively impact our customers’ need for or ability to pay for our products, which could, in turn, affect the Company’s results of operations.



Adverse market conditions could reduce our future sales and earnings per share.



Uncertainty over the erosion of global consumer confidence amidst concerns about volatile energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, declining asset values, inflation, rising unemployment, and the stability and solvency of financial institutions, financial markets, businesses, and sovereign nations has slowed global economic growth and resulted in recessions in many countries, including in the United States, Europe and certain countries in Asia over the past several years.  The economic recovery of recent years is fragile and recessionary conditions may return.  Any of these potential negative economic conditions may reduce demand for the Company’s customers’ products and adversely affect the Company’s sales.  Consequently, the Company’s past operating results, earnings and cash flows may not be indicative of the Company’s future operating results, earnings and cash flows.



Customer relationships with start-up companies present more risk.



A small portion of the Company’s current customer base is comprised of start-up companies.  Customer relationships with start-up companies may present heightened risk due to the lack of product history.  Slow market acceptance of their products could result in demand fluctuations causing inventory levels to rise.  Further, the current economic environment could make it difficult for such emerging companies to obtain additional funding.  This may result in additional credit risk including, but not limited to, the collection of trade account receivables and payment for their inventory.  If the Company does not have adequate allowances recorded, the results of operations may be negatively affected.



The Company faces intense industry competition and downward pricing pressures.



The EMS industry is highly fragmented and characterized by intense competition.  Many of the Company’s competitors have greater experience, as well as greater manufacturing, purchasing, marketing and financial resources than the Company.  Competition from existing or potential new competitors may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.  The introduction of

 

13

 


 

 

lower priced competitive products, significant price reductions by the Company’s competitors or significant pricing pressures from its customers could adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations.



The Company has foreign operations that may pose additional risks.



The Company has substantial manufacturing operations in multiple countries.  Therefore, the Company’s foreign businesses and results of operations are dependent upon numerous related factors, including the stability of the foreign economies, the political climate, relations with the United States, prevailing worker wages, the legal authority of the Company to operate and expand its business in a foreign country, and the ability to identify, hire, train and retain qualified personnel and operating management in Mexico, China and Vietnam.



The Company obtains many of its materials and components through its IPO in Taipei, Taiwan.  The Company’s access to these materials and components is dependent on the continued viability of its Asian suppliers.



Approximately 14.0% of the total non-current consolidated assets of the Company are located in foreign jurisdictions outside the United States as of April 30, 2018 and 2017.



Disclosure and internal controls may not detect all errors or fraud.



The Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, believe that the Company’s disclosure controls and internal controls may not prevent all errors and all fraud.  The Company’s disclosure controls and internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance that the procedures will meet the control objectives.  Controls are limited in their effectiveness by human error, including faulty judgments in decision-making.  Further, controls can be circumvented by collusion of two or more people or by management override of controls.



Inadequate internal control over financial reporting could result in a reduction in the value of our common stock.



If the Company identifies and reports a material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting, shareholders and the Company’s lenders could lose confidence in the reliability of the Company’s financial statements.  This could have a material adverse impact on the value of the Company’s stock and the Company’s liquidity.



There is a risk of fluctuation of various currencies integral to the Company’s operations.



The Company purchases some of its material components and funds some of its operations in foreign currencies.  From time to time the currencies fluctuate against the U.S. Dollar.  Such fluctuations could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations and performance.  The impact of currency fluctuations for the year ended April 30, 2018 resulted in net foreign currency transaction gains of approximately $125,000 compared to net foreign currency losses of $508,000 in the prior year.  These fluctuations are expected to continue and could have a negative impact on the Company’s results of operations.  The Company did not, and is not expected to, utilize derivatives or hedge foreign currencies to reduce the risk of such fluctuations.



The availability of raw components or an increase in their price may affect the Company’s operations and profits.



The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers, but the Company frequently places cancellable scheduled purchase orders

 

14

 


 

 

with suppliers that extend out as far as one year.  The current component market place is tight, with lead times for many common components extending out 36 weeks or more.  The Company’s orders for components are always based on the changing needs of its customers.



The Company depends on management and skilled personnel.



The Company depends significantly on its President/CEO and other executive officers.  The Company’s employees generally are not bound by employment agreements and the Company cannot assure that it will retain its executive officers or skilled personnel.  The loss of the services of any of these key employees could have a material impact on the Company’s business and results of operations.  In addition, despite significant competition, continued growth and expansion of the Company’s EMS business will require that the Company attract, motivate and retain additional skilled and experienced personnel.  The Company’s future growth depends on the contributions and abilities of key executives and skilled, experienced employees. The Company’s future growth also depends on its ability to recruit and retain high-quality employees. A failure to obtain or retain the number of skilled employees necessary to support the Company’s efforts, a loss of key employees or a significant shortage of skilled, experienced employees could jeopardize its ability to meet its growth targets.



Favorable labor relations are important to the Company.



The Company currently has labor union contracts with its employees constituting approximately 45% and 50% of its workforce for fiscal years 2018 and 2017, respectively.  Although the Company believes its labor relations are good, any labor disruptions, whether union-related or otherwise, could significantly impair the Company’s business, substantially increase the Company’s costs or otherwise have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Failure to comply with environmental regulations could subject the Company to liability.



The Company is subject to a variety of environmental regulations relating to the use, storage, discharge and disposal of hazardous chemicals used during its manufacturing process.  To date, the cost to the Company of such compliance has not had a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.  However, there can be no assurance that violations will not occur in the future as a result of human error, equipment failure or other causes.  Further, the Company cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of environmental legislation or regulatory requirements that could be imposed or how existing or future laws or regulations will be administered or interpreted.  Compliance with more stringent laws or regulations, as well as more vigorous enforcement policies of regulatory agencies, could require substantial expenditures by the Company and could have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.  Any failure by the Company to comply with present or future regulations could subject it to future liabilities or the suspension of production which could have a material negative impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Conflict minerals regulations may cause the Company to incur additional expenses and could increase the cost of components contained in its products and adversely affect its inventory supply chain.



The Dodd-Frank Act, and the rules promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) thereunder, requires the Company to determine and report annually whether any conflict minerals contained in our products originated from the DRC or an adjoining country. The Dodd-Frank Act and these rules could affect our ability to source components that contain conflict minerals at acceptable prices and could impact the availability of conflict minerals, since there may be only a limited number of suppliers of conflict-free conflict minerals. Our customers may require that our products contain only conflict-free conflict minerals, and our revenues and margins may be negatively impacted if we are unable to meet this requirement at a reasonable price or are unable to pass through any increased costs associated with meeting this requirement. Additionally, the Company may suffer reputational harm with our customers and other stakeholders if our products are not conflict-free.  The Company could incur significant costs in the event we are unable to manufacture products that contain only conflict-free conflict minerals or to the extent that we are required to make changes to products, processes, or sources of supply due to the foregoing requirements or pressures.



 

15

 


 

 

The price of the Company’s stock is volatile.



The price of the Company’s common stock historically has experienced significant volatility due to fluctuations in the Company’s revenue and earnings, other factors relating to the Company’s operations, the market’s changing expectations for the Company’s growth, overall equity market conditions and other factors unrelated to the Company’s operations.  In addition, the limited float of the Company’s common stock and the limited number of market makers also affect the volatility of the Company’s common stock.  Such fluctuations are expected to continue in the future.



An adverse change in the interest rates for our borrowings could adversely affect our results of operations.



The Company pays interest on outstanding borrowings under its senior secured credit facility and certain other long-term debt obligations at interest rates that fluctuate.  An adverse change in the Company’s interest rates could have a material adverse effect on its results of operations.



Changes in securities laws and regulations may increase costs.



The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and listing requirements subsequently adopted by Nasdaq in response to Sarbanes-Oxley, have required changes in corporate governance practices, internal control policies and securities disclosure and compliance practices of public companies.  More recently the Dodd-Frank Act requires changes to our corporate governance, compliance practices and securities disclosures.  Compliance following the implementation of these rules has increased our legal, financial and accounting costs.  The Company expects increased costs related to these new regulations to continue, including, but not limited to, legal, financial and accounting costs.  These developments may result in the Company having difficulty in attracting and retaining qualified members of the board or qualified officers.  Further, the costs associated with the compliance with and implementation of procedures under these laws and related rules could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Any litigation, even where a claim is without merit, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources.



In the past, the Company has been notified of claims relating to various matters including intellectual property rights, contractual matters, labor issues or other matters arising in the ordinary course of business.  In the event of any such claim, the Company may be required to spend a significant amount of money and resources, even where the claim is without merit.  Accordingly, the resolution of such disputes, even those encountered in the ordinary course of business, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, consolidated financial conditions and results of operations.



If the security of the Company’s systems is breached or otherwise subjected to unauthorized access, the Company’s reputation may be severely harmed and it may be exposed to liability.



The Company’s system stores confidential information which includes its financial information,  its customers’ proprietary email distribution lists, product information, supplier information, and other critical data.  Any accidental or willful security breaches or other unauthorized access could expose the Company to liability for the loss of such information, adverse regulatory action by federal and state governments, time-consuming and expensive litigation and other possible liabilities as well as negative publicity, which could severely damage the Company’s reputation.  If security measures are breached because of third-party action, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise, or if design flaws in its software are exposed and exploited, and, as a result, a third party obtains unauthorized access to any of its customers’ data, its relationships with its customers may be severely damaged, and the Company could incur significant liability.  Because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, the Company and its third-party hosting facilities may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventive measures.  In addition, many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify customers of data security breaches involving their data.  These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause the Company’s customers to lose confidence in the effectiveness of its data security measures.  Any security breach whether

 

16

 


 

 

actual or perceived, could harm the Company’s reputation, could cause it to lose customers and may negatively impact its ability to acquire new customers.



With the increased use of technologies such as the Internet to conduct business, a company is susceptible to operational, information security and related risks. In general, cyber incidents can result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. Cyberattacks include, but are not limited to, gaining unauthorized access to digital systems (e.g., through “hacking” or malicious software coding) for purposes of misappropriating assets or sensitive information, corrupting data, or causing operational disruption (e.g., ransomware attacks). Cyberattacks may also be carried out in a manner that does not require gaining unauthorized access, such as causing denial-of-service attacks on websites (i.e., efforts to make network services unavailable to intended users). Cyber incidents affecting the Company or its service providers have the ability to cause disruptions and impact business operations, potentially resulting in financial losses, interference with the Company’s ability to conduct business in the ordinary course, violations of applicable privacy and other laws, regulatory fines, penalties, reputational damage, reimbursement or other compensation costs, additional compliance costs and, in extreme cases, have caused companies to cease doing business. Cyber events also can affect counterparties or clients with which the Company does business, governmental and other regulatory authorities, banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions, among others. In addition, substantial costs may be incurred in order to prevent any cyber incidents in the future. While the Company has established risk management systems to prevent such cyber incidents, there are inherent limitations in such systems including the possibility that the Company has not prepared for certain risks that have not been or are not possible to have been identified. Further, the Company may be able to influence, but cannot control, the cyber security plans and systems put in place by its service providers or any other third parties whose operations may affect the Company. The Company could be negatively impacted as a result. 



Changes in US trade policy, including the imposition of tariffs and the resulting consequences, may have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations.



The US government has indicated its intent to adopt a new approach to trade policy and in some cases to renegotiate, or potentially terminate, certain existing bilateral or multi-lateral trade agreements.  It has also initiated tariffs on certain foreign goods, including steel and aluminum and other raw materials utilized by the Company.  Changes in US trade policy could result in one or more of US trading partners adopting responsive trade policy making it more difficult or costly for us to import our products from those countries.  This in turn could require us to increase prices to our customers which may reduce demand, or, if we are unable to increases prices, result in lowering our margin on products sold.



China and the European Union have imposed tariffs on US products in retaliation for new US tariffs.  Additional tariffs could be imposed by China and the European Union in response to proposed increased tariffs on products imported from China and the European Union.  There is also a concern that the imposition of additional tariffs by the United States could result in the adoption of tariffs by other countries.  The resulting trade war could have a significant adverse effect on world trade and the world economy.  To the extent that trade tariffs and other restrictions imposed by the United States increase the price of, or limit the amount of steel, aluminum and other raw materials utilized by the Company imported into the United States, the costs of our raw materials may be adversely affected and the demand from our customers for products and services may be diminished, which could adversely affect our revenues and profitability.



We cannot predict future trade policy or the terms of any renegotiated trade agreements and their impact on our business.  The adoption and expansion of trade restrictions, the occurrence of a trade war, or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies has the potential to adversely impact demand for our products, our costs, our customers, our suppliers, and the US economy, which in turn could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.



ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS



None.





 

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ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES



At April 30, 2018, the Company, operating in one business segment as an independent EMS provider, had manufacturing facilities located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S., Union City, California U.S., Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and Suzhou, China.  In addition, the Company provides materials procurement services through its Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S., Union City, California U.S, and Taipei, Taiwan offices.  The Company provides design services in Elgin, Illinois U.S.  The Company has an information technology office in Taichung, Taiwan.



Certain information about the Company’s manufacturing, warehouse, purchasing and design facilities is set forth below:





 

 

 

 

Location

Square Feet

 

Services Offered

Owned/Leased

Suzhou, China

202,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

*
***

Elk Grove Village, IL

124,300 

 

Corporate headquarters and electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Owned

Union City, CA

117,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Acuna, Mexico

115,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Owned
**

Chihuahua, Mexico

113,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Tijuana, Mexico

112,100 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

24,475 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Del Rio, TX

44,000 

 

Warehousing and distribution

Leased

Taipei, Taiwan

4,685 

 

International procurement office

Leased

Taichung, Taiwan

1,650 

 

Information technology office

Leased

Elgin, IL

45,000 

 

Design services

Owned

San Diego, CA

30,240 

 

Warehousing and distribution

Leased



*The Company’s Suzhou, China building is owned by the Company and the land is leased from the Chinese government for a 50 year term.



**A portion of the facility is leased and the Company has an option to purchase it.



***Total square footage includes 70,000 square feet of dormitories.

 

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The Union City and San Diego, California, Tijuana and Chihuahua, Mexico, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and Del Rio, Texas properties are occupied pursuant to leases of the premises.  The lease agreements for the Del Rio, Texas properties expire December 2019The lease agreement for the San Diego, California property expires August 2019.  The lease agreement for the Union City, California property expires March 2021.  The Chihuahua, Mexico lease expires July 2019.  The Tijuana, Mexico lease expires November 2018.  The lease agreement for the Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam property expires July 2020.  The Company’s manufacturing facilities located in Acuna, Mexico, Elgin, Illinois and Elk Grove Village, Illinois are owned by the Company, except for a portion of the facility in Acuna, Mexico, which is leased.  The Company has an option to buy the leased portion of the facility in Acuna, Mexico.  The properties in Elk Grove Village, Illinois and Elgin, Illinois are financed under separate mortgage loan agreements.  The Company leases the IPO office in Taipei, Taiwan to coordinate Far East purchasing activities.  The Company leases the information technology office in Taichung, Taiwan.  The Company believes its current facilities are adequate to meet its current needs.  In addition, the Company believes it can find alternative facilities to meet its needs in the future, if required.





ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 



From time to time the Company is involved in legal proceedings, claims or investigations that are incidental to the conduct of the Company’s business. In future periods, the Company could be subjected to cash cost or non-cash charges to earnings if any of these matters are resolved on unfavorable terms. However, although the ultimate outcome of any legal matter cannot be predicted with certainty, based on present information, including management’s assessment of the merits of any particular claim, the Company does not expect that these legal proceedings or claims will have any material adverse impact on its future consolidated financial position or results of operations.



ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES



Not applicable.



























































 

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PART II







ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES



Market Information



The Company’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market System under the symbol SGMA.  The following table sets forth the range of quarterly high and low sales price information for the common stock for the periods ended April 30, 2018 and 2017.





Common Stock as Reported

by NASDAQ







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Period

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fiscal 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fourth Quarter

 

$

9.03 

 

$

5.26 

 



Third Quarter

 

 

11.61 

 

 

8.39 

 



Second Quarter

 

 

9.71 

 

 

6.94 

 



First Quarter

 

 

8.59 

 

 

5.34 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fiscal 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fourth Quarter

 

$

5.45 

 

$

4.01 

 



Third Quarter

 

 

5.50 

 

 

4.34 

 



Second Quarter

 

 

6.81 

 

 

5.25 

 



First Quarter

 

 

6.20 

 

 

5.42 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



As of July 20, 2018, there were approximately 29 holders of record of the Company’s common stock, which does not include shareholders whose stock is held through securities position listings.  The Company estimates there to be approximately 2,739 beneficial owners of the Company’s common stock.



The Company has not paid cash dividends on its common stock since completing its February 1994 initial public offering and does not intend to pay any dividends in the foreseeable future.  So long as any indebtedness remains unpaid under the Company’s revolving loan facility, the Company is prohibited from paying or declaring any dividends on any of its capital stock, except stock dividends, without the written consent of the lender under the facility.





 

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Equity Compensation Plan Information



For information concerning securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report, under the caption “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters” as well as the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto, including Note N, filed herewith and all such information is incorporated herein by reference.





ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 



As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

                AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



In addition to historical financial information, this discussion of the business of SigmaTron International, Inc. (“SigmaTron”), its wholly-owned subsidiaries Standard Components de Mexico S.A., AbleMex, S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly-owned foreign enterprises Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. (collectively, “SigmaTron China”) and international procurement office SigmaTron Taiwan branch (collectively, the “Company”) and other Items in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain forward-looking statements concerning the Company’s business or results of operations.  Words such as “continue,” “anticipate,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “plan,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of the Company.  Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, the Company’s plans, actions and actual results could differ materially.  Such statements should be evaluated in the context of the risks and uncertainties inherent in the Company’s business including, but not necessarily limited to, the Company’s continued dependence on certain significant customers; the continued market acceptance of products and services offered by the Company and its customers; pricing pressures from the Company’s customers, suppliers and the market; the activities of competitors, some of which may have greater financial or other resources than the Company; the variability of our operating results; the results of long-lived assets and goodwill impairment testing; the variability of our customers’ requirements; the availability and cost of necessary components and materials; the ability of the Company and our customers to keep current with technological changes within our industries; regulatory compliance, including conflict minerals; the continued availability and sufficiency of our credit arrangements; changes in U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese or Taiwanese regulations affecting the Company’s business; the turmoil in the global economy and financial markets; the stability of the U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese and Taiwanese economic, labor and political systems and conditions; currency exchange fluctuations; and the ability of the Company to manage its growth.  These and other factors which may affect the Company’s future business and results of operations are identified throughout the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, and as risk factors, may be detailed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  These statements speak as of the date of such filings, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements in light of future events or otherwise unless otherwise required by law.



Overview



The Company operates in one business segment as an independent provider of EMS, which includes printed circuit board assemblies and completely assembled (box-build) electronic products.  In connection with the production of assembled products, the Company also provides services to its customers, including (1) automatic and manual assembly and testing of products; (2) material sourcing and procurement; (3) manufacturing and test engineering support; (4) design services; (5) warehousing and distribution services; and (6) assistance in obtaining product approval from governmental and other regulatory bodies.  The Company provides these manufacturing services through an international network of facilities located in the United States, Mexico, China, Vietnam and Taiwan.

 

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The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  In the past twelve months the component marketplace has experienced shortages of various components, which in some cases has delayed delivery of product to customers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater direct buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers.  The Company believes that short-term purchase orders with its suppliers provides flexibility, given that the Company’s orders are based on the changing needs of its customers.



Sales can be a misleading indicator of the Company’s financial performance.  Sales levels can vary considerably among customers and products depending on the type of services (turnkey versus consignment) rendered by the Company and the demand by customers.  Consignment orders require the Company to perform manufacturing services on components and other materials supplied by a customer, and the Company charges only for its labor, overhead and manufacturing costs, plus a profit.  In the case of turnkey orders, the Company provides, in addition to manufacturing services, the components and other materials used in assembly.  Turnkey contracts, in general, have a higher dollar volume of sales for each given assembly, owing to inclusion of the cost of components and other materials in net sales and cost of goods sold.  Variations in the number of turnkey orders compared to consignment orders can lead to significant fluctuations in the Company’s revenue and gross margin levels.  Consignment orders accounted for less than 1% of the Company’s revenues for each of the fiscal years ended April 30, 2018 and 2017.



The Company’s international footprint provides our customers with flexibility within the Company to manufacture in China,  Mexico, Vietnam or the U.S.    We believe this strategy will continue to serve the Company well as its customers continuously evaluate their supply chain strategies.



For fiscal year 2019 the Company currently expects a significant amount of revenue growth.  Several new customers that were added during fiscal year 2018 are starting to ramp up during the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and that ramp is expected to continue through the fiscal year.  Current customers are also continuing to forecast higher volumes and have awarded the Company new programs which should contribute to the Company’s projected growth.  The percentage of overall business in the appliance market continues to decline as non-appliance business grows.  The Company values its relationships in the appliance marketplace, but the business is not as attractive as in industrial and medical markets.  The Company expects that trend to continue.



Regarding the overall industry, the Company continues to see a volatile electronic component marketplace which continues to cause production disruptions for our operations and our customers.  Unfortunately, the Company does not see that improving in the short term as the manufacturers of certain components do not appear to be expanding capacity.  In addition, the labor market continues to tighten in North America as well as the Asia-Pacific region.  Layered on top of those issues is the continuing trade negotiations between the United States and NAFTA members as well as with China.  This also creates a volatile marketplace. 



Critical Accounting Policies:



Management Estimates and Uncertainties -  The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Significant estimates made in preparing the consolidated financial statements include depreciation and amortization periods, the allowance for doubtful accounts, reserves for inventory, lower of cost or market adjustment for inventory, contingent consideration, deferred taxes, uncertain tax positions, valuation allowance for deferred taxes and valuation of goodwill and long-lived assets.  Actual results could materially differ from these estimates.



Revenue Recognition - Revenues from sales of the Company's electronic manufacturing services business are recognized when the finished good product is shipped to the customer.  In general, and except for consignment inventory, it is the Company's policy to recognize revenue and related costs when the finished

 

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goods have been shipped from its facilities, which is also the same point in time that title passes under the terms of the purchase order and control passes to the customer.  Finished goods inventory for certain customers is shipped from the Company to an independent warehouse for storage or shipped directly to the customer and stored in a segregated part of the customer’s own facility.  Upon the customer’s request for finished goods inventory, the inventory is shipped to the customer if the inventory was stored off-site, or transferred from the segregated part of the customer’s facility for consumption or use by the customer.  The Company recognizes revenue upon such shipment or transfer to the customer.  The Company does not earn a fee for such arrangements.  The Company from time to time may ship finished goods from its facilities, which is also the same point in time that title passes under the terms of the purchase order, and invoice the customer at the end of the calendar month.  This is done only in special circumstances to accommodate a specific customer.  Further, from time to time customers request the Company to hold finished goods after they have been invoiced to consolidate finished goods for shipping purposes.  The Company generally provides a warranty for workmanship, unless the assembly was designed by the Company, in which case it warrants assembly/design.  The Company does not have any installation, acceptance or sales incentives (although the Company has negotiated longer warranty terms in certain instances).  The Company assembles and tests assemblies based on customers’ specifications.  Historically, the amount of returns for workmanship issues has been de minimis under the Company’s standard or extended warranties.



Inventories - Inventories are valued at cost.  Cost is determined by an average cost method and the Company allocates labor and overhead to work-in-process and finished goods.  In the event of an inventory write-down, the Company records expense to state the inventory at lower of cost or net realizable value.  The Company establishes inventory reserves for valuation, shrinkage, and excess and obsolete inventory.  The Company records provisions for inventory shrinkage based on historical experience to account for unmeasured usage or loss.  The Company records provisions for excess and obsolete inventories for the difference between the cost of inventory and its estimated realizable value based on assumptions about future product demand and market conditions.  For convenience, the Company records these inventory reserves against the inventory cost through a contra asset rather than through a new cost basis.  Upon a subsequent sale or disposal of the impaired inventory, the corresponding reserve is relieved to ensure the cost basis of the inventory reflects any reductions.  Actual results differing from these estimates could significantly affect the Company’s inventories and cost of products sold as the inventory is sold or otherwise relieved.



Goodwill - Goodwill represents the purchase price in excess of the fair value of assets acquired in business combinations.  Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other,” requires the Company to assess goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually in the absence of an indicator of possible impairment and immediately upon an indicator of possible impairment.  The Company is permitted the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events and circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of any reporting unit is less than its corresponding carrying value.  If, after assessing the totality of events and circumstances, the Company concludes that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of any reporting unit is less than its corresponding carrying value, then the Company is not required to take further action.  However, if the Company concludes otherwise, then it is required to perform a quantitative impairment test, including computing the fair value of the reporting unit and comparing that value to its carrying value (the “step 2” requirement).  If the fair value is less than its carrying value, a second step of the test is required to determine if recorded goodwill is impaired.  The Company also has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for goodwill in any period and proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test.  The Company will be able to resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period.  For fiscal 2017, the Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test as of February 1, 2017 and determined no impairment existed as of that date.  The step one analysis was performed using a combination of a market approach and an income approach based on a discounted cash flow analysis



For fiscal year 2018, the Company early adopted the guidance contained in Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which removes the step 2 requirement to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation to measure goodwill impairment.  Beginning with its February 1, 2018 goodwill impairment testing, goodwill impairment is the amount by which the Company’s single reporting unit carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the recorded amount of goodwill.  To estimate the fair value of the Company’s equity, the Company used both a market approach based on the guideline companies’ method, and an income approach

 

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based on a discounted cash flow analysis.  The value indicated by both methods was weighted to arrive at a concluded value.  The carrying value of the Company’s equity was greater than the fair value of the Company based on the valuation analysis by an amount greater than the recorded amount of the goodwill.  In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company’s forecasted future cash flow declined from prior estimates.  The Company is experiencing declining margins due to pricing pressures from vendors and customers.  Also at this time, electronic component manufacturers began allocating components to their customers which required the Company to increase its investment in working capital.   The decline in the forecasted cash flow resulted in a lower estimate of the fair value of the Company’s reporting unit causing the Company to take an impairment charge on all of its goodwill.  The Company has begun taking steps to improve its margins and has negotiated an increase in its revolving credit facility to address its working capital needs.  Accordingly, the Company recognized a full goodwill impairment charge of $3,222,899.



Intangible Assets -  Intangible assets are comprised of finite life intangible assets including patents, trade names, backlog, non-compete agreements, and customer relationships.  Finite life intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives of 5 years for patents, 20 years for trade names, 1 year for backlog and 7 years for non-compete agreements except for customer relationships which are amortized on an accelerated basis over their estimated useful life of 15 years.



Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - The Company reviews long-lived assets, including amortizable intangible assets, for impairment.  Property, machinery and equipment and finite life intangible assets are reviewed whenever events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate possible impairment.  If events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate possible impairment, the Company first performs an impairment review based on an undiscounted cash flow analysis at the lowest level at which cash flows of the long-lived assets are largely independent of other groups of its assets and liabilities.  This analysis requires management judgment with respect to changes in technology, the continued success of product lines, and future volume, revenue and expense growth rates.  If the carrying value exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, the Company records an impairment, if any, for the difference between the estimated fair value of the asset group and its carrying value.  The Company further conducts annual reviews for idle and underutilized equipment, and reviews business plans for possible impairment.    As a result of the analysis performed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company determined that the carrying value of the trade name intangible asset was not recoverable and recorded a fourth quarter charge of $690,107 for the entire carrying amount.  The Company’s analysis did not indicate that any of its other long-lived assets were impaired.



Income Tax - The Company’s income tax expense, deferred tax assets and liabilities and reserves for unrecognized tax benefits reflect management’s best assessment of estimated future taxes to be paid.  The Company is subject to income taxes in both the U.S. and several foreign jurisdictions.  Significant judgments and estimates by management are required in determining the consolidated income tax expense assessment.



Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities, and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.  In evaluating the Company’s ability to recover its deferred tax assets within the jurisdiction from which they arise, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent financial operations.  In projecting future taxable income, the Company begins with historical results and changes in accounting policies, and incorporates assumptions including the amount of future state, federal and foreign pre-tax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences, and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies.  These assumptions require significant judgment and estimates by management about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates the Company uses to manage the underlying businesses.  In evaluating the objective evidence that historical results provide, the Company considers three years of cumulative operating income and/or loss.  Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred income tax assets to an amount more likely than not to be realized.  The Company established a valuation allowance of $78,100 related to its foreign tax credit carry-forward at April 30, 2017.  The Company did not change the previous valuation allowance or establish any new valuation allowances at April 30, 2018. 



 

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The calculation of the Company’s tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax laws and regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions across its global operations.  Changes in tax laws and rates could also affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in the future.  Except as noted below, management is not aware of any such changes that would have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position.



A tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may only be recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits.



The Company adjusts its tax liabilities when its judgment changes as a result of the evaluation of new information not previously available.  Due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from its current estimate of the tax liabilities.  These differences will be reflected as increases or decreases to income tax expense in the period in which they are determined.



Reclassifications - Certain reclassifications have been made to the previously reported 2017 financial statements to conform to the 2018 presentation.  There was no change to net income.



New Accounting Standards:



In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" (Topic 606) which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition”.  In summary, the core principle of this standard, along with various subsequent amendments, is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  Additionally, the new standard requires enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including revenue recognition policies to identify performance obligations, assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain and fulfill a contract, and significant judgments in measurements and recognition.  The standard, as amended, was effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period.  Companies have the option of using either a full or modified retrospective approach in applying this standard.  



To plan for the adoption of the standard, the Company conducted an analysis to determine the impact the new standard would have on its consolidated financial statements.  This analysis included reviewing 1) contract terms and existing accounting policies to determine the financial impact of the standard, 2) data availability and system reports to meet the additional disclosure requirements of the standard, 3) any practical expedients the Company could elect upon adoption and 4) the control environment and internal processes to ensure the appropriate controls are in place.  As part of implementation efforts we reviewed and modified our standard manufacturing agreement and invoice terms and conditions to emphasize that title, risk of loss and control of the finished goods products we sell transfers to our customers upon shipment.



The Company adopted the ASU on May 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method, applying the guidance to those contracts which were not completed as of that date. The Company’s adoption of ASC 606 did not result in any changes in accounting requiring a transition adjustment to retained earnings.



Pursuant to the Company’s adoption of the standard, it is in the process of expanding its disclosures in the consolidated financial statements for revenue recognition, assets and liabilities relating to contracts with customers, the nature of the Company’s performance obligations and the manner by which the Company determines and allocates transaction prices to its performance obligations, and the significant judgments inherent in its revenue recognition policies. The Company also is in the process of implementing enhancements to its internal controls to support the Company’s ability to sustain compliance with the standard after adoption.



In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases”. The new standard establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement.  The new standard is effective for fiscal

 

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years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for capital leases and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available.  While the Company is still evaluating the impact of its pending adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements, the Company expects that upon adoption in the fiscal year ending April 30, 2020, it will recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities and the amounts could be material.



In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, a new accounting standard update intended to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions including: income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows. Specifically, the update requires that excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies (the difference between the deduction for tax purposes and the compensation cost recognized for financial reporting purposes) be recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the consolidated statements of operations, introducing a new element of volatility to the provision for income taxes. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the ASU on May 1, 2017.  Effective with the adoption of the ASU all share-based awards continue to be accounted for as equity awards, excess tax benefits recognized on stock-based compensation expense are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations as a component of the provision for income taxes on a prospective basis, excess tax benefits recognized on stock-based compensation expense are classified as an operating activity in the consolidated statements of cash flows on a prospective basis and the Company has elected to continue to estimate expected forfeitures over the course of a vesting period.  The adoption of the ASU had no material impact on the retained earnings, other components of equity or net assets as of the beginning of the period of adoption. 



In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” ASU 2016-13 introduces a new forward-looking approach, based on expected losses, to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The estimate of expected credit losses will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts.  This ASU also expands the disclosure requirements to enable users of financial statements to understand the entity’s assumptions, models and methods for estimating expected credit losses. For public business entities, ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and the guidance is to be applied using the modified-retrospective approach. Earlier adoption is permitted for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance and has not determined the impact this ASU may have on its consolidated financial statements.



In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU Update No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows- Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments,” which is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain transactions are classified in the statements of cash flows. This update will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 (the Company’s fiscal year ending April 30, 2019), and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, provided that all of the amendments are adopted in the same period. The guidance requires application using a retrospective transition method.  The Company plans to adopt the ASU in its fiscal year ending April 30, 2019.  The Company does not expect the impact of the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which removes the step 2 requirement to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation to measure goodwill impairment. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit's carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the recorded amount of goodwill. This guidance is effective for public companies for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. The Company early adopted this guidance in the third quarter of its fiscal year ending April 30, 2018 and is applying this guidance to all future tests.    



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business,” which clarifies the definition of a business when evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses.  For public companies, this ASU

 

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is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods.  The Company adopted this ASU in the fourth quarter of its fiscal year ending April 30, 2018.  The Company will apply the clarified definition of a business, as applicable, from the period of adoption.



In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The guidance permits entities to reclassify tax effects stranded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income as a result of tax reform to retained earnings. This new guidance is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted in annual and interim periods and can be applied retrospectively or in the period of adoption. The Company plans to adopt this ASU in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending April 30, 2019 and is currently evaluating the impact that its adoption may have on its consolidated financial statements.



In May 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, regarding the accounting implications of the recently issued Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”). This standard is effective immediately. The update clarifies that in a company’s financial statements that include the reporting period in which the Act was enacted, the company must first reflect the income tax effects of the Act in which the accounting under GAAP is complete. These amounts would not be provisional amounts. The company would also report provisional amounts for those specific income tax effects for which the accounting under GAAP is incomplete but a reasonable estimate can be determined. The Company has recorded a provisional amount which it believes is a reasonable estimate of the effects of the Act on the Company’s financial statements as of April 30, 2018. Technical corrections or other forthcoming guidance could change how the Company interprets provisions of the Act, which may impact its effective tax rate and could affect its deferred tax assets, tax positions and/or its tax liabilities.





 

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Results of Operations:



FISCAL YEAR ENDED APRIL 30, 2018 COMPARED

TO FISCAL YEAR ENDED APRIL 30, 2017



The following table sets forth the percentage relationships of expense items to net sales for the years indicated:

 





 

 

 



Fiscal Years



2018

 

2017



 

 

 

Net sales

100.0%

 

100.0%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

90.4

 

90.1

Selling and administrative expenses

8.3

 

8.6

Impairment of goodwill and intangible asset

1.4

 

0.0

Loss on settlement of receivable and disposal of related assets

0.9

 

0

Total operating expenses

101.0

 

98.7

Operating (loss) income

-1.0%

 

1.3%



 

 

 



Net sales increased 9.8% to $278,131,709 in fiscal year 2018 from $253,370,175 in the prior year.  The Company’s sales increased in fiscal year 2018 in industrial electronics and medical/life science marketplaces as compared to the prior year.  The increase in sales dollars for these marketplaces was partially offset by a decrease in sales dollars in the consumer electronics marketplace.  Revenues started an upward trend during the fourth fiscal quarter of fiscal year 2018.  The Company remains optimistic that revenues in fiscal year 2019 will continue to increase.



The Company’s sales in a particular industry are driven by the fluctuating forecasts and end-market demand of the customers within that industry.  Sales to customers are subject to variations from period to period depending on customer order cancellations, the life cycle of customer products and product transition.  Sales to the Company’s five largest customers accounted for 50.2% and 55.2% of net sales for fiscal years 2018 and 2017, respectively.



Gross profit increased to $26,602,918, or 9.6% of net sales, in fiscal year 2018 compared to $25,175,308 or 9.9% of net sales, in the prior fiscal year.  The increase in gross profit dollars for fiscal year 2018 was the result of increased sales and product mix.  Margin pressures continue from both customers and vendors and will likely continue in fiscal year 2019.



Selling and administrative expenses increased in fiscal year 2018 to $23,089,939, or 8.3% of net sales compared to $21,909,110, or 8.6% of net sales, in fiscal year 2017.  The increase in selling and administrative dollars was attributable to sales salaries, purchasing salaries, commissions, bad debt expense and amortization expense.  The increase in the foregoing selling and administrative expenses were partially offset by a decrease in accounting professional fees, bonus expense and other general administrative expenses.  Selling and administrative expenses decreased as a percent of net sales due to an increase in net sales in fiscal year 2018 compared to the prior year. 



During fiscal year 2018 the Company recorded a goodwill and intangible asset impairment in the amount of $3,913,006 and the write off of the account receivable and note receivable related to a customer in the amount of $2,509,423.  See Note E- Related Parties and Note G – Goodwill and Intangible Asset.



Other income decreased in fiscal year 2018 to $144,574 compared to other income of $367,338 in the prior fiscal year.  The decrease in other income is due to the Company recording in fiscal year 2017 an insurance

 

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recovery gain in the amount of $276,967 to other income related to a claim in excess of book value for replacement machinery and equipment destroyed in a fire at one of its plants.



Interest expense, net, increased to $1,537,446 in fiscal year 2018 compared to $1,135,853 in fiscal year 2017.  Interest expense increased primarily due to the increased borrowings under the Company’s banking arrangements and mortgage obligations.  Interest expense for fiscal year 2019 may increase if interest rates or borrowings, or both, increase during fiscal year 2019.



In fiscal year 2018,  the Company had an income tax benefit of  $1,060,452 compared to income tax expense of $1,107,477 in fiscal year 2017.  The effective rate for the years ended April 30, 2018 and 2017 was 24.6% and 44.3%, respectively. The decrease in income tax expense is due to a decrease in pre-tax income in the current year and a reduction in the U.S. tax rate as a result of the Tax Act.  The decrease in the effective rate for the year ended April 30, 2018 is due to a reduction in the U.S. tax rate as a result of the Tax Act, the impact of the transition tax and an unfavorable 4.0% adjustment for realized and unrealized currency gains, losses, and the remeasurement of certain items to the Company’s functional currency.  Due to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the Company’s federal statutory income tax rate for the current fiscal year is approximately 30.4%.



The Company reported net loss of $3,241,870 in fiscal year 2018 compared to a net income of $1,390,206 for fiscal year 2017.  Basic and diluted loss per share for fiscal year 2018 were $0.77 each, compared to basic and diluted earnings per share of $0.33 each for the year ended April 30, 2017.



Liquidity and Capital Resources:



Operating Activities.



Cash flow used in operating activities was $4,717,084 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018 compared to cash flow used in operating activities of $53,761 for the prior fiscal year.  Cash flow used in operating activities was primarily the result of an increase in inventory in the amount of $13,415,555.    The increase in inventory is the result of an increase in customer orders and in some cases orders being pushed out.    Further, capacity issues in the component industry are making it difficult to obtain some components to complete assemblies for shipping.    Cash flow used in operating activities was partially offset by the result of an increase in accounts payable, a  decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets.  Net cash used in operating activities was partially offset by the non-cash effects of a goodwill impairment, tradename impairment, the write off of the account receivable and note receivable related to Petzila and depreciation and amortization.



Cash flow used in operating activities was $53,761 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017.  Cash flow used in operating activities was primarily the result of an increase in accounts receivable and inventory.  Inventories increased primarily due to additional customer orders and the start up of new programs.  The increase in accounts payable was the result of timing of payment to vendors.  Net cash used in operations was partially offset by a decrease in income taxes receivable.  Net cash used in operating activities was partially offset by net income excluding the non-cash effects of depreciation and amortization.



Investing Activities.



In fiscal year 2018, the Company purchased in cash $3,731,370 in machinery and equipment to be used in the ordinary course of business.  The Company anticipates it may purchase up to $6,000,000 in machinery and equipment in fiscal year 2019 although there is no guaranty the Company will not exceed such amount.  The Company plans to fund the majority of purchases by lease or loan transactions.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future. 



In fiscal year 2017, the Company purchased in cash $3,505,486 in machinery and equipment to be used in the ordinary course of business.  The Company purchases were funded by the bank line of credit.



Financing Activities.



Cash provided by financing activities was $6,676,729 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $2,727,303 in fiscal year 2017.  Cash provided by financing activities was

 

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primarily the result of net borrowings under the line of credit and proceeds under building notes.  Proceeds under building notes was due to the mortgage agreements on December 21, 2017 with U.S. Bank to refinance the Company’s corporate headquarters and its Illinois manufacturing facility and the Company’s engineering and design center in Elgin, Illinois.



Cash provided by financing activities was $2,727,303 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017.  Cash provided by financing activities in fiscal year 2017 was primarily the result of increased net borrowings under the credit facility, equipment notes and sale leaseback agreements. 



Financing Summary.



Notes Payable - Banks



Prior to March 31, 2017 the Company had a senior secured credit facility with Wells Fargo, N.A. with a revolving credit limit up to $30,000,000.  The credit facility was collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets and the Company had pledged 65% of its equity ownership interest in some of its foreign entities.  Prior to its payoff and termination, the Wells Fargo, N.A. senior secured credit facility was due to expire on October 31, 2018.  On March 31, 2017, the Company paid the balance outstanding under the senior revolving credit facility in the amount of $22,232,914.  The remaining deferred financing costs of $68,475 were expensed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.



On March 31, 2017, the Company entered into a $35,000,000 senior secured credit facility with U.S. Bank, which expires on March 31, 2022.  The credit facility is collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets. The facility allows the Company to choose among interest rates at which it may borrow funds:  the bank fixed rate of four percent or LIBOR plus one and one half percent (effectively 3.83% at April 30, 2018).  Interest is due monthly.  Under the senior secured credit facility, the Company may borrow up to the lesser of (i) $35,000,000 or (ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the eligible receivable borrowing base plus a percentage of the eligible inventory borrowing base (the “Borrowing Base”)Deferred financing costs of $34,971 and $207,647 were capitalized in the twelve month period ending April 30, 2018 and the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, respectively, which are amortized over the term of the agreementAs of April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017 the unamortized amount included in other assets was $192,502 and $204,186, respectively.    As of April 30, 2018, there was $29,279,631 outstanding and $5,720,369 of unused availability under the U.S. Bank facility compared to an outstanding balance of $23,178,429 and $11,821,571 of unused availability at April 30, 2017.  At April 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenant and other restricted covenants under the credit facility.



On July 16, 2018, the Company and U.S. Bank entered into an amendment of the revolving credit facility.  The amended revolving credit facility allows the Company to borrow up to the lesser of (i) $45,000,000 less reserves or (ii) 90% of the Company’s Borrowing Base, except that the 90% limitation will expire if the Company’s actual revolving loans for the first 90 days after the amendment’s effective date are less than 80% of the Company’s Borrowing Base and the Company maintains a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of 1.2 to 1.0 for four consecutive quarters.  The amendment also imposes sublimits on categories of inventory equal to $17,500,000 on raw materials and $25,000,000 on finished goods.   



On August 4, 2015, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. could borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility was collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest was payable monthly and the facility had a fixed interest rate of 6.67%.  The facility was due to expire on August 3, 2017.  The credit facility was closed as of March 1, 2017.



On March 24, 2017, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. could borrow up to 9,000,000 Renminbi and the facility was collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest was payable monthly and the facility had a fixed interest rate of 6.09%.  The term of the facility extended to February 7, 2018.  The credit facility was closed as of February 11, 2018.  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April 30, 2017. 

 

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On February 12, 2018, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. can borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6.09%.  The term of the facility extends to February 7, 2019.  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  30, 2018.



Notes Payable  - Buildings



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on January 8, 2010, in the amount of $2,500,000, with Wells Fargo, N.A. to refinance the property that serves as the Company’s corporate headquarters and its Illinois manufacturing facility.  On November 24, 2014, the Company refinanced the mortgage agreement with Wells Fargo, N.A.  The note required the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $9,500, bore an interest rate of LIBOR plus two and one-quarter percent and was payable over a sixty month period.  A final payment of approximately $2,289,500 was due on or before November 8, 2019.  On December 21, 2017, the Company repaid its Wells Fargo, N.A. mortgage agreement for the remaining amount outstanding of $2,498,500, using proceeds from the U.S. Bank mortgage agreement.  The outstanding balance was $2,574,500 at April 30, 2017.



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on December 21, 2017, in the amount of $5,200,000, with U.S. Bank to refinance the property that serves as the Company’s corporate headquarters and its Illinois manufacturing facility.  The note requires the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $17,333, bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.0% per year and is payable over a fifty-one month period.  Deferred financing costs of $74,066 were capitalized in fiscal year 2018 which are amortized over the term of the agreement.  As of April  30, 2018 the unamortized amount included in other assets was $66,945A final payment of approximately $4,347,778 is due on or before March 31, 2022.  The outstanding balance was $5,148,000 at April  30, 2018. 



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on October 24, 2013, in the amount of $1,275,000, with Wells Fargo, N.A. to finance the property that serves as the Company’s engineering and design center in Elgin, Illinois.  The Wells Fargo, N.A. note required the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $4,250, bore interest at a fixed rate of 4.5% per year and was payable over a sixty month period.  A final payment of approximately $1,030,000 was due on or before October 2018.  On December 21, 2017, the Company repaid its Wells Fargo, N.A. mortgage agreement for the remaining amount outstanding of $1,062,500, using proceeds from the U.S. Bank mortgage agreement.  The outstanding balance was $1,096,500 at April 30, 2017.



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on December 21, 2017, in the amount of $1,800,000, with U.S. Bank to refinance the property that serves as the Company’s engineering and design center in Elgin, Illinois.  The note requires the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $6,000, bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.0% per year and is payable over a  fifty-one month period.  Deferred financing costs of $65,381 were capitalized in the fiscal year 2018 which are amortized over the term of the agreement.  As of April  30, 2018 the unamortized amount included in other assets was $59,094A final payment of approximately $1,505,000 is due on or before March 31, 2022.  The outstanding balance was $1,782,000 at April  30, 2018. 



Notes Payable - Equipment



On November 1, 2016, the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $596,987. The term of the agreement extends to November 1, 2021 with average quarterly payments of $35,060 beginning on February 1, 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 6.65%.  The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $447,741 and $567,138 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively. 



On February 1, 2017, the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $335,825. The term of the agreement extends to February 1, 2022 with average quarterly payments of $20,031 beginning on May 1, 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 7.35%. 

 

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The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $268,660 and $335,825 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively. 



On June 1, 2017, the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $636,100. The term of the agreement extends to June 1, 2022 with average quarterly payments of $37,941 beginning on September 1, 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 7.35%.  The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $540,685 at April  30, 2018.

On October 1, 2017, the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $307,036. The term of the agreement extends to November 1, 2022 with average quarterly payments of $18,314 beginning on February 1, 2018 and a fixed interest rate of 7.35%.  The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $291,684 at April  30, 2018.



Capital Lease and Sale Leaseback Obligations



From October 2013 through June 2017, the Company entered into various capital lease and sales leaseback agreements with Associated Bank, National Association to purchase equipment totaling $6,893,596.  The terms of the lease agreements extend to September 2018 through May 2022 with monthly installment payments ranging from $1,455 to $40,173 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 3.75% to 4.90%.  The balance outstanding under these capital lease agreements was $2,923,524 and $3,627,760 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively.  The net book value of the equipment under these leases was $4,799,827 and $4,713,044 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively. 



From April 2014 through July 2015, the Company entered into various capital lease agreements with CIT Finance LLC to purchase equipment totaling $2,512,051.  The terms of the lease agreements extend to March 2019 through July 2020 with monthly installment payments ranging from $1,931 to $12,764 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 5.65% through 6.50%.  The balance outstanding under these capital lease agreements was $984,031 and $1,448,269 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively.  The net book value of the equipment under these leases was $1,736,688 and $1,946,026 at April  30, 2018 and April 30, 2017, respectively.



From September 2017 through April 2018, the Company entered into various capital lease and sales leaseback agreements with First American Equipment Finance to purchase equipment totaling $3,011,387.  The terms of the lease agreements extend to August 2021 through April 2022 with monthly installment payments ranging from $6,716 to $20,093 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 5.82% through 7.23%.  The balance outstanding under these capital lease agreements was $2,688,029 at April  30, 2018.  The net book value of the equipment under these leases was $2,808,209 at April  30, 2018.



Operating Leases



In September 2010, the Company entered into a real estate lease agreement in Union City, CA, to rent approximately 117,000 square feet of manufacturing and office space.  Under the terms of the lease agreement, the Company receives incentives over the life of the lease, which extends through March 2021.  The amount of the deferred rent income recorded for the fiscal year ended April  30, 2018 was $103,599 compared to $79,575 in fiscal year 2017.  In addition, the landlord provided the Company tenant incentives of $418,000, which are being amortized over the life of the lease.  The balance of deferred rent at April  30, 2018 was $447,073 compared to $550,672 at April 30, 2017. 



On May 31, 2012, the Company entered into a lease agreement in Tijuana, MX, to rent approximately 112,000 square feet of manufacturing and office space.  Under the terms of the lease agreement, the Company receives incentives over the life of the lease, which extends through November 2018.  The amount of the deferred rent income for the fiscal year ended April  30, 2018 was $139,437 compared to $127,967 in fiscal year 2017.  The balance of deferred rent at April  30, 2018 was $85,527 compared to $224,964 at April 30, 2017. 



Other



The Company provides funds for salaries, wages, overhead and capital expenditure items as necessary to operate its wholly-owned Mexican, Vietnamese and Chinese subsidiaries and the Taiwan IPO.  The Company

 

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provides funding in U.S. Dollars, which are exchanged for Pesos, Dong, Renminbi, and New Taiwan dollars.  The fluctuation of currencies from time to time, without an equal or greater increase in inflation, could have a material impact on the financial results of the Company.    The impact of currency fluctuations for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018 resulted in net foreign currency transaction gains of approximately $125,000 compared to net foreign currency losses of $508,000 in the prior year.  In fiscal year 2018, the Company paid approximately $49,170,000 to its foreign subsidiaries.



The Company anticipates that its credit facilities, cash flow from operations and leasing resources are adequate to meet its working capital requirements and capital expenditures for fiscal year 2019. In addition, in the event the Company desires to expand its operations, its business grows more rapidly than expected, the current economic climate deteriorates, customers delay payments, or the Company desires to consummate an acquisition, additional financing resources may be necessary in the current or future fiscal years.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain equity or debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to retain or renew its credit agreements in the future, or that any retention or renewal will be on the same terms as currently exist.



The impact of inflation on the Company’s net sales, revenues and income from operations for the past two fiscal years has been minimal.



Off-balance Sheet Transactions:



The Company has no off-balance sheet transactions.



Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations:



As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM  7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISKS



As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA



The response to this item is included in Item 15(a) of this Report.





ITEM 9.  CHANGES AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING

AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE



Not applicable.





ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES



Disclosure Controls:



The Company’s management, including its President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), Rules 13a-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e)) as of April 30, 2018The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and its President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of April 30, 2018.

 

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Internal Controls:



The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f).    The Company’s internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP.  Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.  On May 14, 2013, COSO issued an updated version of its Internal Control - Integrated Framework (the “2013 Framework”) which officially superseded the 1992 Framework on December 15, 2014.  Originally issued in 1992, the framework helps organizations design, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of internal control concepts and simplify their use and application.  Neither COSO, the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other regulatory body has mandated adoption of the 2013 Framework by a specified date. The Company implemented the 2013 Framework in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2018.  Based on the Company’s evaluation, management concluded that its internal controls over financial reporting were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of April 30, 2018.



This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting.  Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.



There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended April 30, 2018, that has materially affected or is reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.



ITEM 9B.    OTHER INFORMATION



Not Applicable.





PART III







ITEM 10.    DIRECTORS,  EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.





ITEM 11.    EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.





 

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ITEM 12.   SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

                  AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.



ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS, RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR

                 INDEPENDENCE



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.





ITEM 14.    PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 2018.









































































 

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PART IV







ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES



(a)(1) 

The financial statements are listed in the Index to Financial Statements filed as part of this Annual Report on     Form 10-K beginning on Page F-1.



(a)(2)

Financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or required.



(a)(3) and (b)

The exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulations S-K are listed in the Index to Exhibits filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on Page 37.



ITEM 16. 10-K SUMMARY



None.

 

 

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Index to Exhibits







 



3.1 

Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100, dated February 9, 1994. (P)(Rule 311)



 

3.2 

Amended and Restated By-laws of the Company, adopted on September 24, 1999, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit  3.2 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2000.



 

10.1 

Form of 1993 Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.* (P)(Rule 311)



 

10.2 

Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement for the Company’s 1993 Stock Option Plan , incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.* (P)(Rule 311)



 

10.3 

Form of Non-Statutory Stock Option Agreement for the Company’s 1993 Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.* (P)(Rule 311)



 

10.4 

2004 Employee Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Appendix B to the Company’s 2004 Proxy Statement filed on August 16, 2004. *



 

10.5 

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2011 Employee Stock Option Plan dated September 16, 2011, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.14 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on December 14, 2011.*



 

10.6 

Purchase Agreement between SigmaTron International, Inc., and its nominees and Spitfire Control, Inc., dated as of May 31, 2012, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on June 4, 2012.



 

10.7

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan dated September 20, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on September 25, 2013.*



 

10.8

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Non-Employee Director Restricted Stock Plan dated September 20, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on September 25, 2013.*



 

10.9

Mortgage and Assignment of Rents and Leases executed as of October 24, 2013, by SigmaTron International, Inc., to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 13, 2013.



 

10.10

Master Lease Agreement # 2170 entered into between Associated Bank, National Association, a national banking association and SigmaTron International, Inc., dated October 3, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.20 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 13, 2013.



 

10.11

SigmaTron International, Inc. Amended and Restated Change in Control Severance Payment Plan dated March 11, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K/A filed on March 14, 2014.*



 

 

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10.12

Master Lease Number 81344 entered into between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc., dated March 6, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2014.



 

10.13

Schedule # 1217927 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated May 7, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 11, 2014.



 

10.14

Schedule # 1223197 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated August 1, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10.15

Lease No. 003 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10.16

Lease No. 004 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10.17

Lease No. 005 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10.18

Schedule # 1246045 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated October 27, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10.19

First Amendment to Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement entered into as of March 7, 2015, by and between SigmaTron International, Inc. and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2015.



 

10.20

Lease No. 006 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated January 16, 2015, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 16, 2015.



 

10.21

Schedule # 1284094 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated June 2, 2015, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2015.



 

10.22

Lease No. 007 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Association Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated December 22, 2015, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 15, 2016.



 

10.23

SigmaTron International, Inc. Employee Bonus Plan for Fiscal Year 2017 dated June 2, 2016, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on June 6, 2016.*



 

10.24

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan disclosed on Form 8-K dated September 20, 2013, has been terminated effective as of August 15, 2016, incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on August 15, 2016.*

 

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10.25

Lease No. 009, entered into July 15, 2016, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 13, 2016.



 

10.26

Lease No. 010, entered into August 8, 2016, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2016.



 

10.27

Promissory Note, entered into November 1, 2016, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM,  E.N.R. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2017.



 

10.28

SigmaTron International, Inc. Employee Bonus Plan for Fiscal Year 2018 dated April 21, 2017, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on April 25, 2017*



 

10.29

Promissory Note, entered into January 5, 2017, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM,  E.N.R. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2017.



 

10.30

Lease No. 011, entered into May 8, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.30 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2017.



 

10.31

Lease No. 012, entered into May 8, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.31 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2017.



 

10.32

Loan and Security Agreement between SigmaTron International, Inc. and U.S. Bank National Association dated March 31, 2017, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.32 to the Company’ Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2017.



 

10.33

Promissory Note, entered into June 1, 2017, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM, E.N.R. AND SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 13, 2017.



 

10.34

Lease No. 013, entered into July 6, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 13, 2017.



 

10.35

Lease No. 1, entered into September 13, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2017.



 

10.36

Lease No. 2, entered into October 9, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2017.



 

 

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10.37

Promissory Note, entered into October 12, 2017, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM, E.N.R. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2017.



 

10.38

Real Property mortgage (Cook County, Illinois) made as of the 21st day of December, 2017, is made and executed by SigmaTron International, Inc. (“Mortgagor”) and U.S. Bank National Association (“Lender”), incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2018.



 

10.39

Real Property mortgage (Kane County, Illinois) made as of the 21st day of December, 2017, is made and executed by SigmaTron International, Inc. (“Mortgagor”) and U.S. Bank National Association (“Lender”), incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2018.



 

10.40

Lease No. 3, entered into December 20, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2018.



 

10.41

Lease No. 4, entered into January 9, 2018, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2018.



 

10.42

Asset Purchase Agreement effective April 30, 2018 between SigmaTron International, Inc. and Wagz, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K/A filed on May 4, 2018.



 

10.43

SigmaTron International, Inc. Employee Bonus Plan for Fiscal Year 2019 dated July 12, 2018, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 16, 2018.*



 

10.44

Amendment No.1 to Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement entered into as of July 16, 2018, by and between SigmaTron International, Inc., and U.S. Bank National Association incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 17, 2018.



 

10.45

Lease No. 5, entered into March 15, 2018, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc.**



 

10.46

Lease No. 6, entered into April 20, 2018, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2017389 dated August 15, 2017 by and between First American Commercial Bancorp, Inc. and SigmaTron International, Inc.**



 

21.0 

Subsidiaries of the Registrant, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 21 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2014, filed on July 24, 2014.



 

23.1 

Consent of BDO USA, LLP.**  



 

24.0 

Power of Attorney of Directors and Executive Officers (included on the signature page of this Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018).**



 

31.1 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer of the Company Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Exchange Act, as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**



 

 

40

 


 

 

31.2 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer of the Company Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Exchange Act, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**



 

32.1 

Certification by the Principal Executive Officer of SigmaTron International, Inc. Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Exchange Act and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350).**



 

32.2 

Certification by the Principal Financial Officer of SigmaTron International, Inc. Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Exchange Act and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350).**







 

101.INS 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Scheme Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document



* Indicates management contract or compensatory plan.

** Filed herewith



(c) Exhibits



The Company hereby files as exhibits to this Report the exhibits listed in Item 15(a)(3) above, which are

attached hereto or incorporated herein.

 

41

 


 

 

SIGNATURES



Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.



SIGMATRON INTERNATIONAL, INC.





 



By:      /s/ Gary R. Fairhead



 



Gary R. Fairhead, President and Chief Executive Officer,



Principal Executive Officer and Director



 



           Dated:  July 24, 2018



 KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that the undersigned directors and officers of SigmaTron International, Inc., a Delaware corporation, which is filing an Annual Report on Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended, hereby constitute and appoint Gary R. Fairhead and Linda K. Frauendorfer, and each of them, each of their true and lawful attorneys-in fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in all capacities, to sign any or all amendments to the report to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as each of them might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them, or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities, and on the dates indicated.





 

 

Signature

Title

Date



 

 

/s/ Gary R. Fairhead

Chairman of the Board of Directors,

July 24, 2018

Gary R. Fairhead

President and Chief Executive Officer,

 



(Principal Executive Officer) and Director

 



 

 

/s/ Linda K. Frauendorfer

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer

July 24, 2018

Linda K. Frauendorfer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal

 



Accounting Officer) and Director

 



 

 

/s/ Thomas W. Rieck

Director

July 24, 2018

Thomas W. Rieck

 

 



 

 

/s/ Dilip S. Vyas

Director

July 24, 2018

Dilip S. Vyas

 

 



 

 

/s/ Paul J. Plante

Director

July 24, 2018

Paul J. Plante

 

 



 

 

/s/ Barry R. Horek

Director

July 24, 2018

Barry R. Horek

 

 



 

 

/s/ Bruce J. Mantia

Director

July 24, 2018

Bruce J. Mantia

 

 





 

 

42

 


 

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS





Page



SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries







 





F-1

 


 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM





Board of Directors and Stockholders

SigmaTron International, Inc.

Elk Grove Village, Illinois



Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Sigmatron International, Inc. (the “Company”) and subsidiaries as of April 30, 2018 and 2017, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company and subsidiaries at April 30, 2018 and 2017, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.





/s/ BDO USA, LLP



We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2006.



Chicago, Illinois

July 24, 2018



F-2

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

APRIL 30, 2018 and 2017

C



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

2018

 

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,721,599 

 

$

3,493,324 

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of

 

 

 

 

 

  $300,000 and $100,000 at April 30, 2018 and 2017,

 

 

 

 

 

respectively

 

26,638,367 

 

 

26,656,871 

Inventories, net

 

86,929,793 

 

 

73,571,238 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

1,948,748 

 

 

2,971,087 

Refundable and prepaid income taxes

 

1,655,409 

 

 

339,791 

Note receivable

 

 -

 

 

887,531 

Other receivables

 

1,135,810 

 

 

1,112,071 



 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

120,029,726 

 

 

109,031,913 



 

 

 

 

 

PROPERTY, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

35,288,997 

 

 

33,008,714 



 

 

 

 

 

OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

3,088,085 

 

 

4,213,235 

Goodwill

 

 -

 

 

3,222,899 

Deferred income taxes

 

1,109,681 

 

 

236,087 

Other assets

 

1,713,481 

 

 

1,472,816 



 

 

 

 

 

Total other long-term assets

 

5,911,247 

 

 

9,145,037 



 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

$

161,229,970 

 

$

151,185,664 





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-3

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS CONTINUED

APRIL 30, 2018 and 2017





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

2018

 

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts payable

$

49,326,402 

 

$

46,160,395 

Accrued expenses

 

2,930,792 

 

 

2,322,055 

Accrued wages

 

3,730,755 

 

 

4,489,602 

Income taxes payable

 

 -

 

 

69,868 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

655,190 

 

 

351,562 

Current portion of capital lease obligations

 

2,320,538 

 

 

1,711,204 

Current portion of contingent consideration

 

213,460 

 

 

286,240 

Current portion of deferred rent

 

201,349 

 

 

220,288 



 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

59,378,486 

 

 

55,611,214 



 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

36,783,879 

 

 

27,192,246 

Capital lease obligations,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

4,297,846 

 

 

3,364,825 

Contingent consideration,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

 -

 

 

237,578 

Income taxes payable

 

498,000 

 

 

 -

Other long-term liabilities

 

1,130,557 

 

 

991,017 

Deferred rent, less current portion

 

331,251 

 

 

555,348 

Deferred income taxes

 

 -

 

 

1,361,291 



 

 

 

 

 

Total long-term liabilities

 

43,041,533 

 

 

33,702,305 



 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

102,420,019 

 

 

89,313,519 



 

 

 

 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 500,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

authorized, none issued or outstanding

 

-

 

 

-

Common stock, $.01 par value; 12,000,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

authorized, 4,215,258 and 4,195,813 shares issued 

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding at April 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively

 

41,896 

 

 

41,702 

Capital in excess of par value

 

23,132,017 

 

 

22,952,535 

Retained earnings

 

35,636,038 

 

 

38,877,908 



 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

58,809,951 

 

 

61,872,145 



 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND

 

 

 

 

 

  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

$

161,229,970 

 

$

151,185,664 











The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-4

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Years ended April 30, 2018 and 2017





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

2018

 

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

278,131,709 

 

$

253,370,175 



 

 

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

 

251,528,791 

 

 

228,194,867 



 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

26,602,918 

 

 

25,175,308 



 

 

 

 

 

Selling and administrative expenses

 

23,089,939 

 

 

21,909,110 

Impairment of goodwill and intangible asset

 

3,913,006 

 

 

 -

Loss on settlement of receivable and disposal of related
assets

 

2,509,423 

 

 

 -



 

 

 

 

 

Operating (loss) income

 

(2,909,450)

 

 

3,266,198 



 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

(144,574)

 

 

(367,338)

Interest expense

 

1,537,446 

 

 

1,135,853 



 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

(4,302,322)

 

 

2,497,683 



 

 

 

 

 

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(1,060,452)

 

 

1,107,477 



 

 

 

 

 

NET (LOSS) INCOME

$

(3,241,870)

 

$

1,390,206 



 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) earnings per common share

 

 

 

 

 

   Basic

$

(0.77)

 

$

0.33 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Diluted

$

(0.77)

 

$

0.33 



 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares of common

 

 

 

 

 

stock outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

4,205,483 

 

 

4,186,183 



 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

4,205,483 

 

 

4,213,592 









The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-5

 


 

 



SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Years ended April 30, 2018 and 2017



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital in

 

 

 

 

 

Total



 

Preferred

 

 

Common

 

 

excess of par

 

 

Retained

 

 

stockholders’



 

stock

 

 

stock

 

 

value

 

 

earnings

 

 

equity



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at May 1, 2016

$

 -

 

 

41,560 

 

 

22,546,616 

 

 

37,487,702 

 

 

60,075,878 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognition of stock-based
compensation

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

332,783 

 

 

 -

 

 

332,783 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 -

 

 

12 

 

 

4,308 

 

 

 -

 

 

4,320 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vesting of restricted
stock

 

 -

 

 

113 

 

 

60,536 

 

 

 -

 

 

60,649 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee stock purchases

 

 -

 

 

17 

 

 

8,330 

 

 

 -

 

 

8,347