DEF 14A 1 cffi-20170418xdef14a.htm DEF 14A cffi_Current_Folio_Proxy

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

SCHEDULE 14A

 

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

 

Filed by the Registrant  ☒

 

Filed by a Party other than the Registrant  ☐

 

Check the appropriate box:

Preliminary Proxy Statement

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Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))

Definitive Proxy Statement

Definitive Additional Materials

Soliciting Material under §240.14a-12

 

C&F FINANCIAL CORPORATION

(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

 

 

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)

 

Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):

No fee required.

Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.

 

(1)

Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

 

 

(2)

Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

 

 

(3)

Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):

 

 

 

 

(4)

Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:

 

 

 

 

(5)

Total fee paid:

 

 

 

Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.

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Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.

 

(1)

Amount Previously Paid:

 

 

 

 

(2)

Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:

 

 

 

 

(3)

Filing Party:

 

 

 

 

(4)

Date Filed:

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Picture 6

 

 

 

 

C&F Financial Corporation

 

802 Main Street

 

P.O. Box 391

 

West Point, Virginia 23181

 

 

Dear Fellow Shareholders:

 

You are cordially invited to attend the 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of C&F Financial Corporation, the holding company for Citizens and Farmers Bank.  The meeting will be held on Tuesday, April 18, 2017, at 3:30 p.m. at C&F Financial Corporation, 3600 LaGrange Parkway, Toano, Virginia.  The accompanying Notice and Proxy Statement describe the matters to be presented at the meeting.  Enclosed is our Annual Report to Shareholders that will be reviewed at the Annual Meeting.

 

Please complete, sign, date, and return the enclosed proxy card as soon as possible.  Whether or not you will be able to attend the Annual Meeting, it is important that your shares be represented and your vote recorded.  If you decide to attend the Annual Meeting in person, you can revoke your proxy at any time before it is voted at the Annual Meeting (provided that, if you hold your shares through a bank, broker or other holder of record and you wish to vote in person, you must obtain a legal proxy or broker’s proxy card and bring it to the Annual Meeting as proof of your authority to vote the shares).

 

We appreciate your continuing loyalty and support of C&F Financial Corporation.

 

 

 

 

Sincerely,

 

 

 

Picture 9

 

 

 

Larry G. Dillon

 

Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

 

 

West Point, Virginia

March 15, 2017

 

 


 

 

C&F FINANCIAL CORPORATION

802 Main Street

P.O. Box 391

West Point, Virginia 23181

 

________________________________________________________________

 

NOTICE OF 2017 ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

_________________________________________________________________

 

TO BE HELD APRIL 18, 2017

 

The 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of C&F Financial Corporation (the “Corporation”) will be held at C&F Financial Corporation, 3600 LaGrange Parkway, Toano, Virginia, on Tuesday, April 18, 2017, at 3:30 p.m. for the following purposes:

 

1.

To elect one Class II director to the Board of Directors of the Corporation to serve until the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and four Class III directors to serve until the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, as described in the Proxy Statement accompanying this Notice. 

 

2.

To approve, in an advisory, non-binding vote, the compensation of the Corporation’s named executive officers disclosed in the Proxy Statement.

 

3.

To ratify the appointment of Yount, Hyde & Barbour, P.C. as the Corporation’s independent registered public accountant for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017.  

 

4.

To transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournment thereof.

 

Shareholders of record at the close of business on March 3, 2017, are entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting or any adjournment thereof.

 

 

 

 

By Order of the Board of Directors,

 

 

 

Picture 10

 

 

 

Thomas F. Cherry

 

Secretary

 

March 15, 2017

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE

 

Please complete, sign, date, and return the enclosed proxy card in the accompanying postage paid envelope so that your shares will be represented at the meeting.  If you decide to attend the Annual Meeting in person, you can revoke your proxy at any time before it is voted at the Annual Meeting (provided that, if you hold your shares through a bank, broker or other holder of record and you wish to vote in person, you must obtain a legal proxy or broker’s proxy card and bring it to the Annual Meeting as proof of your authority to vote the shares).

 

 


 

 

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intentionally left blank)

 

 

 


 

 

C&F FINANCIAL CORPORATION

802 Main Street

P.O. Box 391

West Point, Virginia 23181

 

 

PROXY STATEMENT

2017 ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

April 18, 2017

 

The following information is furnished in connection with the solicitation by and on behalf of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of the enclosed proxy to be used at the 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of C&F Financial Corporation (the “Corporation”) to be held Tuesday, April 18, 2017, at 3:30 p.m. at C&F Financial Corporation, 3600 LaGrange Parkway, Toano, Virginia.  The approximate mailing date of this Proxy Statement and accompanying proxy is March 15, 2017.

 

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Shareholder Meeting to Be Held on April 18, 2017

 

The Notice of 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, this Proxy Statement, form of proxy and the 2016 Annual Report to Shareholders are available on the internet at the following website: http://www.astproxyportal.com/ast/08723/.

 

Revocation and Voting of Proxies

 

Execution of a proxy will not affect a shareholder’s right to attend the Annual Meeting and to vote in person.  Any shareholder who has executed and returned a proxy may revoke it by attending the Annual Meeting and requesting to vote in person.  A shareholder may also revoke his proxy at any time before it is exercised by filing a written notice with the Corporation or by submitting a proxy bearing a later date.  Proxies will extend to, and will be voted at, any properly adjourned session of the Annual Meeting.  If a shareholder specifies how the proxy is to be voted with respect to any proposals for which a choice is provided, the proxy will be voted in accordance with such specifications.  If a shareholder returns a signed proxy card but fails to specify how to vote his or her shares with respect to Proposals One, Two or Three, set forth in the accompanying Notice and further described herein, the proxy will be voted FOR the director nominees named in Proposal One, FOR Proposal Two to provide advisory, non-binding approval of the compensation of the Corporation’s named executive officers, and FOR Proposal Three to ratify the appointment of Yount, Hyde & Barbour, P.C. (“YHB”) as the Corporation’s independent registered public accountant for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017.

 

If you hold your shares through a bank, broker or other holder of record, and you plan to vote in person at the Annual Meeting, you should contact your bank, broker or agent to obtain a legal proxy or broker’s proxy card and bring it to the meeting as proof of your authority to vote the shares.  If you hold your shares through a bank, broker or other holder of record, you should contact your bank, broker or agent to revoke your proxy or change your vote.

 

Directions to Annual Meeting

 

To obtain directions to attend the Annual Meeting and vote in person, please contact the Secretary of the Corporation at (757) 741-2200.

 

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Voting Rights of Shareholders

 

Only those common shareholders of record at the close of business on March 3, 2017, are entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting, or any adjournments thereof.  The number of shares of Corporation common stock outstanding and entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting is 3,485,277.  The Corporation has no other class of voting stock outstanding.  A majority of the votes entitled to be cast, represented in person or by proxy, will constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

 

Each share of Corporation common stock entitles the record holder thereof to one vote for each matter to be voted upon at the Annual Meeting.  Shares for which the holder has elected to abstain or to withhold the proxies’ authority to vote (including broker non-votes) on a matter will count toward a quorum, but will not be included in determining the number of votes cast with respect to such matter.

 

With regard to the election of directors, votes may be cast in favor or withheld.  If a quorum is present, the five nominees receiving the greatest number of affirmative votes cast at the Annual Meeting, even if less than a majority, will be elected directors; therefore, votes withheld and broker non-votes will have no effect.

 

For all other proposals, votes may be cast in favor or against, or shareholders may abstain from voting. Approval of these other proposals (including the non-binding advisory vote to approve executive compensation and the ratification of the Corporation’s independent registered public accountant) requires an affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast on the matter.  Thus, although abstentions and broker non-votes are counted for purposes of determining the presence or absence of a quorum, they generally do not count as votes cast and, therefore, will have no effect for purposes of determining whether such a matter has been approved.

 

Routine and Non-Routine Proposals

 

Applicable rules determine whether proposals presented at shareholder meetings are routine or non-routine.  If a proposal is routine, a broker or other entity holding shares for an owner in street name generally may vote on the proposal without receiving voting instructions from the owner.  If a proposal is non-routine, the broker or other entity generally may vote on the proposal only if the owner has provided voting instructions.  A “broker non-vote” occurs when a broker or other entity returns a signed proxy card but does not vote shares on a particular proposal because the proposal is not a routine matter and the broker or other entity has not received voting instructions from the beneficial owner of the shares.  The ratification of YHB as the Corporation’s independent registered public accountant for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017 is considered a routine matter, while the election of directors and the non-binding advisory vote to approve executive compensation are considered to be non-routine matters. 

 

Solicitation of Proxies

 

The cost of solicitation of proxies will be borne by the Corporation.  Solicitations will be made only by the use of the mail, except that officers and regular employees of the Corporation and Citizens and Farmers Bank (the “Bank”) may make solicitations of proxies in person, by telephone or by mail, acting without compensation other than their regular compensation.  We anticipate that brokerage houses and other nominees, custodians and fiduciaries will be requested to forward the proxy soliciting material to the beneficial owners of the stock held of record by such persons, and the Corporation will reimburse them for their charges and expenses in this connection.  In addition, we may engage a proxy solicitor to assist in the solicitation of proxies to which we would pay customary fees and expenses.

 

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Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management 

 

The following table shows as of March 3, 2017, the beneficial ownership of the Corporation’s common stock held by (a) each director and director nominee, (b) each named executive officer, and (c) all currently-serving directors and executive officers of the Corporation as a group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Amount and Nature of

    

 

 

Name

 

Beneficial Ownership(1)

 

Percent of Class

 

Julie R. Agnew

 

852

(2)

 

*

J. P. Causey Jr.

 

41,341

(2)

1.2

%

Barry R. Chernack

 

13,226

(2)

 

*

Thomas F. Cherry

 

33,035

(3)

1.0

%

S. Dustin Crone

 

11,992

(3)

 

*

Larry G. Dillon

 

44,997

(3)

1.3

%

Audrey D. Holmes

 

9,918

(2)

 

*

James H. Hudson III

 

11,457

(2)

 

*

Elizabeth R. Kelley

 

842

(2)

 

*

Joshua H. Lawson

 

35,611

(2)

1.0

%

Jason E. Long

 

2,725

(3)

 

*

Bryan E. McKernon

 

14,795

(3)

 

*

James T. Napier

 

2,305

(2)

 

*

C. Elis Olsson

 

10,265

(2)

 

*

Paul C. Robinson

 

12,129

(2)

 

*

John A. Seaman, III

 

4,412

(3)

 

*

All Directors and Executive Officers as a group (14 persons)

 

248,207

 

7.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 


*     Represents less than 1% of the total outstanding shares of the Corporation’s common stock.

 

(1)

For purposes of this table, beneficial ownership has been determined in accordance with the provisions of Rule 13d-3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) under which, in general, a person is deemed to be the beneficial owner of a security if he or she has or shares the power to vote or direct the voting of the security or the power to dispose of or direct the disposition of the security, or if he or she has the right to acquire beneficial ownership of the security within 60 days (“presently exercisable”).  Except as otherwise indicated, each director or executive officer has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares shown, and none of such shares are pledged.

 

(2)

Includes 1,610 shares each of stock restricted as to sale or other transfer for Messrs. Causey, Chernack, Hudson, Lawson, Napier, Olsson and Robinson and Ms. Holmes.  Also, includes 710 shares of stock restricted as to sale or transfer for Dr. Agnew and Ms. Kelley.  A description of the plans under which these options and restricted shares of stock were issued is set forth below in “Director Compensation.”  Also includes 1,860 shares held by Mr. Olsson’s child, with respect to which shares Mr. Olsson has authority to make investment decisions, 1,860 shares held by Mr. Olsson’s child, over which Mr. Olsson shares voting and investment power, and 500 shares held in a family trust, of which Mr. Olsson is co-trustee, and with respect to which Mr. Olsson shares voting and investment power.  Also includes 1,200 shares held by the Mary Hedrick Causey Family Trust, over which Mr. Causey has voting and investment power in his capacity as trustee for the trust.  Excludes 375 and 694 shares held solely by Mr. Hudson’s and Mr. Olsson’s spouses, respectively, as to which Mr. Hudson and Mr. Olsson disclaim beneficial ownership; and excludes 3,488 shares held solely by Ms. Holmes’ mother as to which Ms. Holmes disclaims beneficial ownership.

 

(3)

Includes 19,100, 19,100, 8,900, 2,725, 4,250 and 3,600 shares of stock restricted as to sale or other transfer for Messrs. Cherry, Dillon, Crone, Long, McKernon, and Seaman, respectively.  A description of the plans under which these restricted shares of stock were issued is set forth below in greater detail in “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.”

 

As of March 3, 2017, there are no shareholders known to the Corporation to be the beneficial owners of more than 5% of the Corporation’s stock, par value $1.00 per share, which is the Corporation’s only voting security outstanding.

 

 

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PROPOSAL ONE

ELECTION OF DIRECTORS

 

The Corporation’s Board is divided into three classes (I, II and III) of directors.  The term of office for Class III directors will expire at the Annual Meeting.  Four persons named below will be nominated to serve as Class III directors.  If elected, the Class III nominees will serve until the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  In addition, one person named below will be nominated to serve as a Class II director.  If elected, the Class II nominee will serve until the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. All director nominees currently serve as directors of the Corporation, except for Dr. Julie R. Agnew and Ms. Elizabeth R. Kelley, who were initially recommended to the Nominating Committee by a non-management director.  In connection therewith, on January 17, 2017, the Board approved a resolution to increase the size of the Board from ten directors to eleven directors, effective as of the Annual Meeting. 

 

Pursuant to the Corporation’s bylaws, as amended in February 2016, no person age 75 or older is eligible to serve on the Board of Directors after the Annual Meeting following his or her 75th birthday.  This provision shall not apply to any person serving as a director of the Bank on December 31, 1984.  Mr. Joshua H. Lawson, a Class II director, has reached the mandatory retirement age and will, therefore, retire from the Board at the Annual Meeting.

 

The two persons named in the proxy card will vote for the election of the nominees named below unless authority is withheld.  The Corporation’s Board believes that the nominees will be available and able to serve as directors, but if any of these persons should not be available or able to serve, the proxies may exercise discretionary authority to vote for a substitute proposed by the Nominating Committee. 

 

Certain information concerning the nominees for election at the Annual Meeting as Class II and III directors is set forth below, as well as certain information about the Class I directors and the remaining Class II directors who will continue in office until the 2018 and 2019 Annual Meetings of Shareholders, respectively, including the qualifications, skills and experience that the Board believes make the director or director nominee a good fit for service on the Board.

 

 

 

Class III Directors
(Nominees)
(To Serve Until the 2020 Annual Meeting)

Principal Occupation During Past Five Years and Qualifications, Skills and Experience

 

 

Dr. Julie R. Agnew
Director Nominee

Age 48

Dr. Agnew is an Associate Professor of Finance and Economics at the College of William & Mary’s Raymond A. Mason School of Business.  From 2014 until 2016, she was the Director of the Boehly Center for Excellence in Finance at the Mason School of Business. She is a TIAA-CREF Institute Fellow, a member of the Wharton School’s Pension Research Council Advisory Board and a Research Associate for the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. Prior to pursuing her doctorate, Dr. Agnew worked as an analyst in investment banking for Salomon Brothers in New York City and as an equity research associate for Vector Securities International in Chicago.  Dr. Agnew has served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank (the “Bank Board”) since June 2016.  Dr. Agnew’s experience allows her to provide significant insights regarding the finances and economic risks of the Corporation. 

 

 

J. P. Causey Jr.
Director since 1984(1) (2)
Age 73

In addition to being a self-employed attorney-at-law, Mr. Causey is Plan Administrator for Canal Corporation, formerly Chesapeake Corporation.  Mr. Causey previously served as executive vice president, secretary and general counsel for Canal Corporation, formerly a SEC registrant, from 2001 to 2011.  Mr. Causey had 27 years of experience with Canal Corporation.  During his time with Canal Corporation, Mr. Causey actively participated in the development of corporate strategy and in evaluating risk.  Mr. Causey also had direct supervisory responsibility for corporate legal, communications, human resources, business

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ethics, environmental compliance and internal audit functions.  Mr. Causey played an active part in the drafting and/or review of periodic SEC filings and other corporate communications.  Mr. Causey’s background allows him to provide significant contributions with respect to the Corporation’s overall management, as well as with respect to its compliance obligations.  Mr. Causey is the Chairman of the Compensation Committee and is a member of the Audit and Nominating Committees. 

 

 

Class III Directors

(Nominees) Continued

Principal Occupation During Past Five Years and Qualifications, Skills and Experience

 

 

Barry R. Chernack
Director since 2002
Age 69

Prior to his retirement in December 1999, Mr. Chernack was the managing partner of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”)’s southern Virginia practice.  Mr. Chernack specialized in audits of both public and non-public companies, including those operating in the financial services industry, such as banks, credit unions and broker dealers.  Mr. Chernack has significant experience with the preparation of SEC filings, including periodic and annual reports and registration statements covering debt and equity offerings.  Mr. Chernack’s background enables him to provide significant contributions to Board deliberations regarding the financial health of the Corporation and its compliance requirements as an SEC registrant.  Mr. Chernack qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” under SEC guidelines.  Mr. Chernack is the Audit Committee Chairman and is a member of the Compensation and Nominating Committees.

 

 

Thomas F. Cherry
Director since 2015
Age 48

Mr. Cherry is the President and Secretary of the Corporation and the Bank. Mr. Cherry has worked for the Corporation and the Bank for over 20 years.  He was named President in December 2014, was appointed to the Boards of Directors of the Corporation and the Bank in January 2015 and has been Secretary since 2002.  Mr. Cherry also served as Chief Financial Officer from 2004 until 2016.  Mr. Cherry is well versed in all business and operational aspects of the Corporation and the Bank and has strong leadership qualities.  In addition to his duties at the Corporation and the Bank, Mr. Cherry has served on several committees of the Virginia Bankers Association.  Mr. Cherry has served in several community organizations in communities served by the Bank.  Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Cherry worked for Price Waterhouse LLP (prior to its merger with Coopers & Lybrand to create PwC).  All of these experiences provide Mr. Cherry with valuable insights for leading a community bank and serving on the Corporation’s Board.

 

 

Class II Directors

 

(Nominee)

(To Serve Until the 2019
Annual Meeting)

 

 

 

Elizabeth R. Kelley
Director Nominee

Age 56

Ms. Kelley is president and chief operating officer of The Martin Agency, an international full-service advertising agency headquartered in Richmond, Virginia. She began her advertising career in 1983 at The Martin Agency, and during her tenure, she has worked in a variety of roles from account management to working in the creative department, as well as leading the human resources group. She became a partner in 2005, assumed the role of chief operating officer in 2011, and was named president of the agency in 2016. Ms. Kelley currently serves as a member of the American Association of Advertising Agencies’ finance committee and is the chair of the advisory board for Virginia Commonwealth University’s Robertson School of Media & Culture. In addition, she serves on the boards of The Greater West Point Family YMCA and the Virginia Film Festival.  She has served as a member of the Bank Board since June 2016.  Ms. Kelley’s diverse experience with a company that specializes in, among other things, advertising, strategic planning, and building the relationship between brand and consumers, will bring valuable expertise to the Board.    

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Class I Directors
(Serving Until the 2018 Annual Meeting)

Principal Occupation During Past Five Years and Qualifications, Skills and Experience

 

 

Larry G. Dillon
Director since 1989(1)
Age 64

Mr. Dillon is the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation and the Bank. Mr. Dillon has worked for the Corporation and the Bank for over 39 years.  He has been Chief Executive Officer since 1989 and Chairman since 1998.  He served as President from 1989 until Mr. Cherry’s appointment in December 2014.  Prior to becoming President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dillon served in several capacities including Chief Operating Officer and Commercial Lending Officer.  Mr. Dillon is well versed in all business and operational aspects of the Corporation and the Bank and has the strong leadership qualities that are necessary to lead the Board and Corporation as a whole.  In addition to his duties at the Corporation and the Bank, Mr. Dillon has served as president of the Virginia Bankers Association and has served on several committees within that organization.  Mr. Dillon has served as a leader in several community organizations in communities served by the Bank.  Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Dillon worked for the State Corporation Commission Bureau of Financial Institutions.  All of these experiences provide Mr. Dillon with valuable insights for leading a community bank and serving on the Corporation’s Board.

 

 

James H. Hudson III
Director since 1997
Age 68

Mr. Hudson is an attorney-at-law for Hudson Law, PLC.  Mr. Hudson has practiced law for over 40 years in the primary footprint of the Bank and is the current mayor of one of the communities served by the Bank.  Mr. Hudson’s work centers on real estate, both residential and commercial, and includes, among other things, loan workouts, collateralizations and foreclosures.  Mr. Hudson’s experience and insights in these areas allow the Board to have more robust discussions and establish appropriate direction for the Corporation.  Mr. Hudson is a member of the Compensation and Nominating Committees.

 

 

C. Elis Olsson
Director since 2007
Age 52

Mr. Olsson is vice president and director of operations for Martinair, Inc. (“Martinair”), an aircraft charter and management company.  Mr. Olsson has been with Martinair since May 2000.  Mr. Olsson, as a vice president of Martinair, in addition to his operational duties, has responsibility for the review of financial information of Martinair.  Prior to Martinair, Mr. Olsson worked for a Fortune 500 company where he held numerous roles including regional sales manager and vice president of operations.  He also served on the board of directors for the Fortune 500 company.  Mr. Olsson is actively involved in various community organizations in the markets the Bank serves.  Mr. Olsson’s background brings valuable operational and financial expertise to the Board.  Mr. Olsson is a member of the Audit and Nominating Committees. 

 

 

 

 

 

Class II Directors

(Serving Until the 2019 Annual Meeting)

 

 

Audrey D. Holmes
Director since 2007
Age 59

Ms. Holmes owns and operates her own legal practice, Audrey D. Holmes, Attorney-at-Law.  Ms. Holmes conducts business in most of the communities served by the Bank.  Ms. Holmes’ business experience as a sole practitioner is enhanced by her membership in a number of professional, civic and religious organizations.  As a small business owner, Ms. Holmes understands many of the challenges faced by the Bank’s customers.  Ms. Holmes is a member of the Nominating Committee.

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Class II Directors Continued

 

Principal Occupation During Past Five Years and Qualifications, Skills and Experience

James T. Napier
Director since 2016
Age 64

Mr. Napier is the president of Napier Realtors ERA headquartered in Chesterfield County Virginia with branch offices serving Powhatan County, Henrico County, the City of Richmond and the tri-cities area.  Mr. Napier has been president of the firm since 1991 and involved in the real estate business since 1976. Mr. Napier served on the board of directors of Central Virginia Bankshares, Inc. from 1997 until its acquisition by the Corporation in 2013.  Since that time, Mr. Napier has served as a member of the Bank Board.  Mr. Napier’s experience in real estate, his experience as the president of a real estate company and his years of experience on the board of a community bank provide him the leadership skills and attributes desired to serve as a director.  Mr. Napier is a member of the Audit and Nominating Committees.

 

 

Paul C. Robinson
Director since 2000
Age 59

Mr. Robinson is the president of Francisco, Robinson and Associates, Inc., a real estate brokerage firm.  Mr. Robinson has gained practical business experience through over 38 years in the real estate business, including over 23 as a firm owner/principal broker.  In addition, Mr. Robinson has served as an elected member of the Board of Supervisors for New Kent County, and has represented New Kent County, Virginia, on multi-jurisdictional boards in the greater Richmond region.  Through his experiences, Mr. Robinson has developed relevant financial, accounting and compliance knowledge.  In addition, Mr. Robinson’s past experience as an elected public official provides insight into the workings of local government, issues facing constituents, many of which reside in the Bank’s banking footprint, and how to effectively manage input from numerous stakeholders to make the most appropriate decisions.  Mr. Robinson is a member of the Nominating Committee.

 


(1)

If prior to 1994, refers to the year the director joined the Bank Board, prior to the Corporation’s becoming the holding company for the Bank.

 

(2)

Mr. Causey was an executive officer of Canal Corporation (formerly Chesapeake Corporation).  On December 29, 2008, Chesapeake Corporation agreed to sell all of its operating businesses as going concerns and, to facilitate this sale, filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division.

 

The Bank Board consists of the eleven directors and director nominees listed above plus Mr. Lawson, who will retire from the Bank Board at the conclusion of his term at the 2017 Annual Meeting, and Bryan E. McKernon.

 

The Board of Directors is not aware of any family relationship among any director, director nominee or executive officer;  nor is the Board of Directors aware of any involvement of any director, director nominee or executive officer, currently or in the past ten years, in any legal proceedings that would be material to an evaluation of the ability or integrity of any director, director nominee or executive officer.  Except for Mr. Napier, as described above, none of the directors or director nominees serves, nor in the past five years has any director or director nominee served, as a director of any other public company with a class of securities registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act.  Unless authority for the above nominees is withheld,

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the shares represented by the enclosed proxy card, if executed and returned, will be voted FOR the election of the nominees proposed by the Board of Directors.

 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE “FOR” THE FOUR NOMINEES NOMINATED TO SERVE AS CLASS III DIRECTORS AND THE ONE NOMINEE NOMINATED TO SERVE AS A CLASS II DIRECTOR.

 

Board Leadership Structure and Risk Oversight

 

The Corporation has been operating for over 90 years using the traditional U.S. board leadership structure, under which our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) also serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors.  Over this period, there have been three persons who have served as CEO.  Each CEO has also held the position of Chairman of the Board throughout his tenure as CEO. We believe that the Corporation, like many U.S. companies, has been well-served by this leadership structure.  Having one person serve as both CEO and Chairman of the Board demonstrates for our employees, suppliers, customers and shareholders that the Corporation is under strong leadership, with a single person setting the tone and having primary responsibility for managing our operations. Having a single leader for both the Corporation and the Board of Directors eliminates the potential for confusion or duplication of efforts, and provides clear leadership for our Corporation. We believe our current leadership structure, under which our CEO serves as Chairman of the Board and our Board committees are chaired and comprised by independent directors, remains the optimal Board leadership structure for our Corporation and our shareholders at this time.

 

While the Board has not formally designated a lead independent director, Mr. Hudson presides over executive sessions of the Board, which are attended solely by independent directors.  Mr. Hudson also refers to the appropriate Board committee any issue brought to his attention by shareholders, directors and others.  Mr. Hudson is the primary communicator between the directors and the CEO, who is directly responsible to the Board in its entirety, although individual Board members may communicate directly with the CEO and vice versa and may freely discuss their views with other Board members at any time.

 

The Corporation believes that its leadership structure allows the directors to provide effective oversight of its risk management function.  The Audit Committee oversees the accounting and financial reporting processes of the Corporation, as well as legal and compliance matters and risk management.  As described in the Audit Committee Charter, the Board has delegated to the Audit Committee the responsibility of overseeing the internal controls of the Corporation along with its adherence to compliance and regulatory requirements. On at least a quarterly basis, the Corporation’s Director of Internal Audit provides a comprehensive report to the Audit Committee regarding the Corporation’s key risks, including operational, financial, credit quality and other risks. While the Audit Committee has primary responsibility for overseeing risk management, our entire Board of Directors is actively involved in overseeing this function for the Corporation. For example, on a routine basis, the Board receives a report from the Audit Committee Chairman and discusses risks that the Corporation is facing. The full Board also engages in periodic discussions with the CEO, President, Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) and other corporate officers as the Board may deem appropriate. In addition to the roles performed by the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee considers the risks that may arise through our compensation programs.  The Compensation Committee Chairman also reports to the Board on a routine basis.  The Corporation believes that its leadership structure promotes effective Board oversight of risk management because, while there is a single leader ultimately accountable for the management of the Corporation’s enterprise risks, a Board committee comprised solely of independent directors actively monitors the Corporation’s risk management, and the committee chairmen, each of whom is an independent director, are provided with the information necessary to evaluate the specific risks relevant to each committee’s areas of accountability.

 

On an annual basis, the Nominating Committee evaluates our Board leadership structure to ensure that it remains the optimal structure for our Corporation and our shareholders. 

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Director Independence

 

The Board has determined that all non-employee directors, who comprise a majority of the Corporation’s Board, satisfy the independence requirements of the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”) listing standards.  The Board has affirmatively determined that directors Causey, Chernack, Holmes, Hudson, Lawson, Napier, Olsson, and Robinson and director nominees Agnew and Kelley are independent within the meaning of the NASDAQ listing standards.  In conjunction with this determination, the Board considered the Corporation’s relationships with Messrs. Hudson, Napier, Lawson and Robinson.  The firm of Hudson and Bondurant, P.C., of which Mr. Hudson was a partner, was retained to perform legal services for the Corporation during fiscal year 2014.  The firm of Hudson Law, PLC, of which Mr. Hudson is a member, was retained to perform legal services for the Corporation during fiscal years 2015 and 2016, and continues to provide such services in 2017.  An agent of Napier Realtors ERA, of which Mr. Napier is president, represented a third party as the buyer’s agent in the purchase of real estate from the Corporation during 2016.  Thrift Insurance Corporation, of which Mr. Lawson (who will retire from the Board at the Annual Meeting) is president, was the Corporation’s insurance agent during fiscal years 2014, 2015 and 2016 and continues to provide such services in 2017.   Francisco, Robinson and Associates, Inc., of which Mr. Robinson is president, was engaged to represent the Corporation in the sale of real estate during 2016.  In each case, the Board determined that the relationship did not interfere with the director’s ability to exercise independent judgment as a director of the Corporation.  During 2016, the Board of Directors held two regularly-scheduled executive session meetings attended solely by its independent directors and over which Mr. Hudson presided.

 

Board Evaluation Process

 

The Board believes in a robust self-evaluation process.  Each year, all members of the Board complete a detailed questionnaire regarding the Board’s performance and Board governance and processes.  In connection with the evaluation process the qualifications and performance of all Board members are reviewed prior to their re-nomination to the Board.  Annually the Audit Committee conducts a self-evaluation of its performance and procedures, including the adequacy of the charter, and reports the results to the Board. 

 

Board Committees and Attendance

 

During 2016, there were 12 meetings of the Board of Directors of the Corporation.  Each director attended at least 75% of all meetings of the Board and Board committees on which he or she served. 

 

The Corporation has not adopted a formal policy on Board members’ attendance at its annual meeting of shareholders, although all Board members are encouraged to attend and historically most have done so.  All Board members attended the Corporation’s 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

 

The Board has three standing committees which are the Audit, Compensation and Nominating Committees.  Each of these committees is comprised solely of independent directors, with the Audit and Compensation committees each having a separate Chair. The Nominating Committee does not currently have a Chairman.  The duties of the committees are set forth in their respective committee charters.  The chair of each of these committees is responsible for directing the work of the committee in fulfilling its responsibilities.  In addition to these standing committees, all of the directors participate in the Corporation’s annual strategic planning process.

 

Audit Committee

 

Current members of the Corporation’s Audit Committee are Messrs. Causey, Chernack, Napier, and Olsson, each of whom is “independent” for this purpose according to NASDAQ listing standards and the regulations of the SEC.  The Audit Committee engages the Corporation’s independent registered public

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accountant, approves the scope of the independent registered public accountant’s audit, reviews the reports of examination by the regulatory agencies, the independent registered public accountant and the internal auditor, and regularly provides updates to the Board of Directors as to the Audit Committee’s activities.  The Board has adopted a charter for the Audit Committee which is posted on the Corporation’s website at www.cffc.com under “Investor Relations/Corporate Governance.”  The Audit Committee met 13 times during 2016.  See “Report of the Audit Committee” on pages 40 and 41.

 

Compensation Committee

 

Current members of the Corporation’s Compensation Committee are Messrs. Causey, Chernack and Hudson. Each member is “independent” for this purpose according to NASDAQ listing standards. The Corporation’s Board has made an affirmative determination that no member of the Compensation Committee has a relationship with the Corporation that would impair his independence. In conjunction with this determination, the Board considered the Corporation’s business relationship with Mr. Hudson and all factors relevant (including the amount of fees paid) to whether he has a relationship with the Corporation that would impair his ability to make independent judgments about the Corporation’s executive compensation. The Compensation Committee recommends the level of compensation to be paid to the executive officers of the Corporation and certain key officers of the Bank and its subsidiaries, administers all incentive and equity compensation plans for the benefit of such officers, directors and employees eligible to participate in such plans, and regularly provides updates to the Board of Directors as to the Compensation Committee’s activities.  The Board has adopted a charter for the Compensation Committee which is posted on the Corporation’s website at www.cffc.com under “Investor Relations/Corporate Governance.”  The Compensation Committee met eight times during 2016.  See “Compensation Committee Report” on page 32.

 

Nominating Committee

 

Current members of the Corporation’s Nominating Committee are Ms. Holmes and Messrs. Causey, Chernack, Hudson, Lawson, Napier, Olsson and Robinson, each of whom is “independent” for this purpose according to NASDAQ listing standards.  The Nominating Committee’s primary responsibility is to identify individuals who have the desired experience, qualifications, attributes and/or skills to serve on the Board of Directors and to recommend to the Board of Directors for selection, candidates for all directorships to be filled by the Board of Directors or by the Corporation’s shareholders.  The Board has adopted a charter for the Nominating Committee which is posted on the Corporation’s website at www.cffc.com under “Investor Relations/Corporate Governance.”  The Nominating Committee met five times during 2016.  Currently there is no Chairman of the Nominating Committee.  Mr. Hudson presided over all Nominating Committee meetings during 2016 and directed the work of the committee in fulfilling its responsibilities in 2016.

 

While there are no formal procedures for shareholders to submit director recommendations, the Nominating Committee will consider candidates recommended by shareholders in writing.  Such written submissions should include the name, address and telephone number of the recommended candidate, along with a brief statement of the candidate’s qualifications to serve as a director.  All such shareholder recommendations should be submitted to the attention of the Corporation’s Secretary, P.O. Box 391, West Point, Virginia 23181, and must be received no later than January 1, 2018 in order to be considered by the Nominating Committee for the annual election of directors in 2018.  Any candidates recommended by a shareholder will be reviewed and considered in the same manner as all other director candidates considered by the Nominating Committee.

 

Qualifications for consideration as a director nominee may vary according to the particular areas of expertise being sought as a complement to the existing Board composition.  However, minimum qualifications include high level leadership experience in business activities, breadth of knowledge about issues affecting the Corporation and time available for meetings and consultation on Corporation matters.  The Nominating Committee seeks a diverse group of candidates who possess the background, skills and expertise to make a significant contribution to the Board, to the Corporation and its shareholders.  All candidates must possess the

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aptitude or experience to understand fully the legal responsibilities of a director and the governance processes of a public company, as well as the personal qualities to be able to make a substantial active contribution to Board deliberations, including intelligence and wisdom, self-assuredness, interpersonal and communication skills, courage and inquisitiveness.  Consideration will also be given to financial management, reporting and control expertise or other experiences that would qualify the candidate as a “financial expert” under established standards.  The Nominating Committee also considers diversity in its evaluation of candidates for Board membership.  Pursuant to its charter, in identifying candidates for Board membership, the Nominating Committee seeks to ensure that the Board, as a whole, is diverse and consists of individuals with various and relevant career experience and backgrounds.  Consideration is given to assuring that the Board, as a whole, adequately reflects the diversity of our constituencies and the communities in which we conduct our business.  The Nominating Committee may consider these and other appropriate factors that contribute to an overall diversity of perspective that enhances the Board’s ability to oversee the Corporation’s business and perform it responsibilities.

 

The Nominating Committee evaluates potential nominees, whether proposed by shareholders or otherwise, by reviewing their qualifications, reviewing results of personal and reference interviews and reviewing other relevant information.  Candidates whose evaluations are favorable are then chosen by majority vote of the Nominating Committee to be recommended for nomination by the full Board.  The full Board then selects and nominates candidates for election as directors by the shareholders at the Annual Meeting.  The Nominating Committee follows the same process to identify new candidates for recommendation to the full Board in the event of a vacancy on the Board.  No director elected after February 23, 2016, is eligible to serve on the Board of Directors after the Annual Meeting following his or her 75th birthday.  This provision does not apply to any person serving as a director of the Bank on December 31, 1984.

 

The Board has concluded that each director and director nominee possesses the personal traits described above.  In considering the director and the director nominees’ individual experience, qualifications, attributes and skills, the Board has concluded that the appropriate experience, qualifications, attributes and skills are represented for the Board as a whole and for each of the Board’s committees.  In addition, each director and director nominee possesses characteristics that led the Board to conclude that such person should serve as a director.  The specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that the Board believes each director and director nominee possesses are discussed under Proposal One “Election of Directors.”

 

In accordance with the Corporation’s bylaws, any shareholder entitled to vote in the election of directors generally may nominate one or more persons for election as director(s) at an Annual Meeting, if the shareholder gives written notice of his or her intent to make such nomination.  A shareholder nomination must include the nominee’s written consent to serve as a director of the Corporation if elected, sufficient background information with respect to the nominee including, but not limited to, the nominee’s name and address, the amount and nature of the nominee’s beneficial ownership of the Corporation’s securities, his or her principal occupation for the past five years, his or her age, and a discussion of the specific experience, qualifications, attributes or skills that led to the conclusion that the nominee should serve as director, sufficient identification of the nominating shareholder, including the shareholder’s name and address, a description of any arrangements or understandings between the shareholder and the nominee pursuant to which the nomination is to be made by the shareholder, and a representation by the shareholder that he or she is the owner of stock of the Corporation entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting and that he or she intends to appear at the Annual Meeting (in person or by proxy) to nominate the individual specified in the notice.  No such nomination was made for the annual election of directors in 2017. Nominations must be received by the Corporation’s Secretary at the Corporation’s principal office in West Point, Virginia, no later than February 13, 2018 for the annual election of directors in 2018.  These requirements are more fully described in Article III, Section 16 of the Corporation’s bylaws, a copy of which will be provided, without charge, to any shareholder upon written request to the Corporation’s Secretary. 

 

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Shareholder Communications with the Corporation’s Board of Directors

 

The Corporation provides a process for shareholders to send communications to the Board of Directors.  Shareholders who wish to contact the Board of Directors or any of its members may do so by addressing their written correspondence to C&F Financial Corporation, Board of Directors, c/o Secretary, P.O. Box 391, West Point, Virginia 23181.  Correspondence directed to an individual Board member will be referred, unopened, to that member.  Correspondence not directed to a particular Board member will be referred, unopened, to the Chairman of the Board.

 

Director Compensation

 

The following table provides compensation information for the year ended December 31, 2016 for each non-employee director of the Corporation’s Board of Directors.

 

Director Compensation Table for 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pension Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Nonqualified

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earned or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Equity

 

 

Deferred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paid in

 

 

Stock

 

 

Option

 

 

Incentive Plan

 

 

Compensation

 

 

All Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash2

 

 

Awards3 

 

 

Awards4

 

 

Compensation

 

 

Earnings

 

 

Compensation5

 

 

Total

 

Name1 

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

  

  

($)

 

J. P. Causey Jr.

 

 

$

36,600

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

60,779

 

Barry R. Chernack

 

 

$

40,000

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

64,179

 

Audrey D. Holmes

 

 

$

23,800

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

47,979

 

James H. Hudson III

 

 

$

27,700

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

51,879

 

Joshua H. Lawson

 

 

$

23,800

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

47,979

 

James T. Napier

 

 

$

25,300

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

1,960

 

 

$

49,191

 

C. Elis Olsson

 

 

$

27,400

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

51,579

 

Paul C. Robinson

 

 

$

25,000

 

 

$

21,931

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

$

2,248

 

 

$

49,179

 


1

Larry G. Dillon, the Corporation’s Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and Thomas F. Cherry, the Corporation’s President and Secretary, are not included in this table.  Both are employees of the Corporation and thus receive no compensation for service as a director.  The compensation received by Mr. Dillon and Mr. Cherry as employees of the Corporation is shown in the Summary Compensation Table on page 33.    

 

2

Includes any fees deferred pursuant to the Corporation’s Directors Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan.  Under the plan, each director may elect to defer any or all of his or her fees.  Deferral elections are made in December of each year for amounts to be earned in the following year.

 

3

Reflects the grant date fair value of the restricted stock award granted to each non-employee director on January 19, 2016 under the C&F Financial Corporation 2013 Stock and Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2013 Stock and Incentive Plan”), calculated in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718 (“ASC Topic 718”), based on the closing price of the Corporation’s stock on the date of grant.  As of December 31, 2016, each non-employee director had 1,675 shares of restricted stock outstanding.

 

4

As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Chernack and Ms. Holmes had 1,500 and 750 stock options outstanding, respectively.  No options were granted to the directors in 2016.

 

5

The amounts represent nonforfeitable dividends paid on unvested restricted stock awards pursuant to the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan.

 

The Compensation Committee, appointed by the Board of Directors, annually reviews and evaluates the compensation of the Board, including the appropriate mix of cash and equity compensation.  The Compensation Committee recommends changes in compensation to the Board of Directors for approval.  In July 2015, the Compensation Committee engaged Pearl Meyer & Partners LLC (“Pearl Meyer”), an independent compensation consultant, to update the review of director compensation that was performed in

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December 2011 to assess the competitiveness of the Board’s total compensation program.  The peer group used for the director compensation review was the same peer group used for the 2015 review of the CEO, President, and the Chief Credit Officer of the Bank (“CCO”) compensation, which is described on pages 17 and 18 under “2015 Pearl Meyer Executive Compensation Review.”  The review found that total director compensation, which includes cash and equity, was above the 80th percentile of the peer group.  The cash component of director compensation was at the 46th percentile of the peer group.  In addition, the review found that the total board cost was at the 55th percentile and the annual retainer was below the median of $12,000.  As a result of this review, effective January 1, 2016, the Board approved an increase to the annual retainer from $9,500 to $10,000.

 

During 2016, non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation each received an annual retainer of $10,000.  In addition, Mr. Causey, as Chairman of the Corporation’s Compensation Committee, received an additional annual retainer of $5,000 and Mr. Chernack, as Chairman of the Corporation’s Audit Committee, received an additional annual retainer of $6,000.  The retainers are payable in quarterly installments.  The Chairman of the Nominating Committee (when such position is filled) does not receive an additional annual retainer.  In addition, all non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation received a base meeting fee of $600 per day for Corporation Board, Bank Board, Bank subsidiary Board, or committee meeting attendance and a fee of $300 for secondary meeting attendance for each additional Corporation Board, Bank Board, Bank subsidiary Board, or committee meeting of any Board held on the same day as a meeting for which the base meeting fee is paid.

 

In addition to cash compensation, non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation are eligible to participate in the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan and were previously eligible to participate in the Amended and Restated C&F Financial Corporation 2004 Incentive Stock Plan (the “2004 Incentive Stock Plan”) after it was amended in 2008.  Under the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan, directors are eligible to receive awards of restricted stock units, stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock and other stock-based awards. Under the 2004 Incentive Stock Plan, directors were eligible to receive awards of restricted stock units, stock options, stock appreciation rights and restricted stock.  On January 19, 2016, each non-employee director was granted 575 shares of restricted stock and the fair value of the restricted stock on the grant date was $38.14 per share.  Subject to accelerated vesting under certain circumstances, these shares of restricted stock vest in their entirety on the third anniversary of the grant date.  Prior to the 2008 amendment of the 2004 Incentive Stock Plan, non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation participated in the Amended and Restated C&F Financial Corporation 1998 Non-Employee Director Stock Compensation Plan (the “Director Plan”), which expired in 2008.  Under the Director Plan, directors were granted annually a minimum of 1,000 and a maximum of 2,000 options to purchase the Corporation’s common stock at a price equal to the fair market value of the Corporation’s common stock at the date of grant.  All options issued under the Director Plan expire ten years from the date of grant.

 

Holding Period/Stock Ownership Guidelines. Once restricted stock awards vest, non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation may not sell more than 50% of the award until a minimum level of stock ownership is achieved.  Each non-employee director is required to own shares of the Corporation’s stock having an aggregate value at least equal to three times the amount of the annual Board of Directors retainer paid for regular service on the Board of Directors.

 

Compensation of the non-employee members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation remains generally the same for 2017 except that the annual retainers for board service increased to $10,600 from $10,000 and annual retainers for serving as Chairman of the Audit Committee and Chairman of the Compensation Committee increased to $6,180 from $6,000 and $5,150 from $5,000, respectively.

 

Interest of Management in Certain Transactions

 

As of December 31, 2016, the total maximum extensions of credit (including used and unused lines of credit) to policy-making officers, directors and their associates amounted to $4.3 million, or 3.1% of total year-

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end capital.  The maximum aggregate amount of such indebtedness outstanding during 2016 was $4.6 million, or 3.3% of total year-end capital.  These loans were made in the ordinary course of the Bank’s business, on substantially the same terms, including interest rates, collateral and repayment terms, as those prevailing at the same time for comparable transactions with unrelated parties, and in the opinion of management and the Corporation’s Board, do not involve more than the normal risks of collectability or present other unfavorable features.  The Corporation expects to have similar banking transactions in the future with its officers, directors and their associates.

 

The Corporation’s Board of Directors has adopted a written policy with respect to related party transactions that governs the review, approval or ratification of covered related party transactions.  The Audit Committee oversees this policy.  The policy generally provides that we may enter into a related party transaction only if the Audit Committee approves or ratifies such transaction in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the policy and if the transaction is on terms comparable to those that could be obtained in arm’s length dealings with an unrelated third party, the transaction involves compensation approved by the Compensation Committee or with respect to loans to or similar relationships with related parties, the loan or other relationship has been approved in accordance with the Corporation’s Regulation O procedures and is not disclosed as nonaccrual, past due, restructured or a potential problem loan.

 

In the event management determines to recommend a related party transaction, the transaction must be presented to the Audit Committee for approval.  After review, the Audit Committee will approve or disapprove such transaction and quarterly, management will update the Audit Committee as to any material change to the approved related party transaction.  The Audit Committee approves only those related party transactions that are in, or are not inconsistent with, the best interests of the Corporation and its shareholders, as the Audit Committee determines in good faith.

 

For purposes of this policy, a “related party transaction” is a transaction, arrangement or relationship (or any series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships) in which the Corporation or a subsidiary is, was or will be a participant and the amount involved exceeds $120,000 and in which any related party had, has or will have a direct or indirect material interest.  For purposes of determining whether a transaction is a related party transaction, the Audit Committee refers to Item 404 of Regulation S-K, promulgated under the Exchange Act.

 

A “related party” is (i) any person who is, or at any time since the beginning of our last fiscal year was, a director or executive officer of the Corporation or a nominee to become a director, (ii) any person who is known to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of any class of our voting securities, (iii) any immediate family member of any of the foregoing persons, which means any child, stepchild, parent, stepparent, spouse, sibling, mother-in-law, father-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law of the director, executive officer, nominee or more than 5% beneficial owner, and any person (other than a tenant or employee) sharing the household of such director, executive officer, nominee or more than 5% beneficial owner, and (iv) any firm, corporation or other entity in which any of the foregoing persons is employed or is a general partner or principal or in a similar position or in which such person has a 5% or greater beneficial ownership interest.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

During 2016 and up to the present time, there were transactions between the Corporation’s banking subsidiary and certain members of the Compensation Committee or their associates, all consisting of extensions of credit by the Bank in the ordinary course of business.  Each transaction was made on substantially the same terms, including interest rates, collateral and repayment terms, as those prevailing at the same time for comparable transactions with unrelated parties. In the opinion of management and the Corporation’s Board, none of the transactions involved more than the normal risk of collectability or presented other unfavorable features.

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None of the members of the Compensation Committee has served as an officer or employee of the Corporation or any of its affiliates.  James H. Hudson III, a Class I director, currently serves as a member of the Compensation Committee.  The firm of Hudson Law, PLC, of which Mr. Hudson is a member, was retained to perform legal services for the Corporation during fiscal year 2016 and continues to provide such services in 2017 in amounts that are below the threshold for disclosure as a related party transaction under Item 404 of Regulation S-K.    

 

Compensation Policies and Practices as They Relate to Risk Management

 

The Corporation, under the guidance of the Compensation Committee, has reviewed the compensation policies and practices of the Corporation as they relate to risk management.  This review included both executive officer and non-executive officer compensation policies and practices and factors in place to mitigate any excess risk.  In conducting the review, management focused on the risks associated with the Corporation's compensation policies and practices and evaluated those risks in light of the Corporation's operations and the internal compensation approval and compliance systems developed by the Corporation.  The Corporation has determined that its policies and practices, including mitigating factors, are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation. 

 

Although the Corporation is no longer a participant in the TARP Capital Purchase Program, the Compensation Committee decided to retain the position of senior risk officer and to meet with the Corporation’s senior risk officer to discuss, evaluate and review senior executive officer (“SEO”) compensation plans and other employee compensation plans and the risks these plans pose to the Corporation.  In connection with this risk review, the Compensation Committee will identify and limit or mitigate features in SEO compensation plans that could encourage SEOs to take unnecessary and excessive risks that threaten the Corporation’s value (including behavior focused on short-term results rather than long-term value creation) and identify and limit or mitigate features in employee compensation plans that pose risks to the Corporation (including behavior focused on short-term results rather than long-term value creation).  In addition, the Committee will discuss, evaluate and review employee compensation plans and eliminate or mitigate features that could encourage the manipulation of reported earnings to enhance an employee’s compensation.  These reviews are completed at least once a year.

 

For the review conducted during May of 2016, the Committee evaluated the plans discussed in detail in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” presented below, as well as several additional employee compensation arrangements that provide for variable cash compensation, bonus, commission or incentive payments to employees other than the SEOs. As a result of the risk and manipulation review, the Compensation Committee concluded that these plans do not encourage unnecessary and excessive risks that threaten the value of the Corporation or the manipulation of reported earnings to enhance the compensation of any employee and determined that the potential risks arising from these plans are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

By definition, “named executive officers” refers to a corporation’s CEO and CFO and up to three additional most highly compensated executive officers whose total compensation exceeded $100,000 for the most recent year.  In connection with the appointment of Jason E. Long as CFO on March 15, 2016, the Corporation has two individuals who served as CFO during portions of 2016.  As a result, the Corporation has six named executive officers (or “NEOs”) in this Proxy Statement. Throughout this Proxy Statement, the Corporation’s NEOs are its CEO, President, CFO, the President and CEO of C&F Mortgage Corporation (the “Mortgage Corporation”), the President of C&F Finance Company (“C&F Finance”) and the CCO.

 

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Compensation Discussion and Analysis

 

Overview of Compensation Program.  The Compensation Committee (for purposes of this discussion, the “Committee”) of the Board has responsibility for establishing, implementing and continually monitoring adherence to the Corporation’s compensation philosophy. The Committee is responsible for ensuring that the total compensation paid to executives is fair, reasonable and competitive.  The Committee may, consistent with applicable law, regulations, NASDAQ requirements or plan provisions, delegate certain of its authority to the CEO, a designee, or other appropriate members of management, including matters relating to the compensation or election as officers of the Corporation’s employees other than the Corporation’s executive officers.

 

Overall Philosophy.  The Committee believes that the most effective executive compensation program is one that is designed to reward the achievement of specific annual, long-term and strategic goals by the Corporation, and which aligns executives’ interests with those of the shareholders by rewarding performance that exceeds established goals within the Corporation’s risk profile, with the ultimate objective of improving long-term shareholder value.

 

The overall compensation strategy is based on the following four principles: (1) achieve and sustain superior long-term performance, (2) directly support positive business strategies and goals, (3) attract and retain key executives who are crucial to the long-term growth and profitability of the Corporation, and (4) pay for performance by maintaining competitive compensation programs for top tier performance, in each case while maintaining the overall safety and soundness of the Corporation.

 

2016 Say-on-Pay Vote.  Although the advisory shareholder vote to approve executive compensation is non-binding, the Committee has considered, and will continue to consider, the outcome of this vote when making compensation decisions for our CEO and other NEOs.  At our 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, approximately 93% of the shareholders who voted on the “say-on-pay” proposal approved the compensation of our named executive officers, while approximately 7% voted against the proposal.  The Committee believes that this shareholder vote strongly endorses the compensation philosophy of the Corporation.  The Committee has not significantly changed the executive compensation program given the result of the shareholder vote.

 

2013 Frequency of Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation.  Although the advisory shareholder vote on the frequency of the advisory vote on executive compensation is non-binding, the Committee has considered, and will continue to consider, the outcome of this vote.  At our 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, approximately 80% of the shareholders who voted on the “frequency” proposal voted for an every year frequency.  The Committee, therefore, has decided to include a “say-on-pay” proposal every year.  The next advisory vote to approve executive compensation will occur at our 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  The next advisory vote on the frequency of the advisory vote on executive compensation will occur at the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

 

Compensation Process.  The Committee determines and recommends to the Board of Directors the compensation of the CEO.  The Committee also approves all compensation of the Corporation’s executive officers and certain other senior officers of the Corporation and its subsidiaries, which include the President, CFO, Chief Information Officer, CCO of the Bank, Senior Vice President of Retail, Regional Presidents, the First Vice President of Human Resources and the Treasurer of the Bank; the President and CEO and the Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Mortgage Corporation; the President, Executive Vice President, Senior Vice President, and First Vice President of C&F Finance; and the President of C&F Wealth Management Corporation.

 

The Committee evaluates both performance and compensation to ensure that the Corporation maintains its ability to attract and retain superior employees in key positions and that compensation provided to key employees remains competitive relative to the compensation paid to similarly situated executives of the Corporation’s peer companies.

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The Committee, on its own initiative, reviews the performance and compensation of each of these senior officers and following discussions with the CEO and, as it deems appropriate, a compensation consultant or other appropriate advisors, establishes the senior officers’ compensation levels.  For the remaining officers, the CEO makes recommendations to the Committee that generally, with minor adjustments, are approved. The Committee engaged Pearl Meyer as an independent compensation consultant in connection with executive compensation decisions for 2016, as discussed below. 

 

In consultation with senior management, the Committee approves the Corporation’s compensation philosophy to ensure that it is consistent with the Board’s intent, as well as the long-term interests of the Corporation’s shareholders. This includes, but is not limited to, annual review and approval of goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of the CEO, and evaluation of the performance of the CEO in light of these goals and objectives. The Committee reviews and approves, as appropriate, any new incentive compensation plans, including equity-based plans, and, as may be deemed necessary, any amendments to existing plans relating to executive officers and other senior officers.

 

The Committee also acts as the Incentive Stock Committee (or similarly named committee) for the Corporation’s stock incentive plans and recommends awards to the Board of Directors for approval, including stock options, restricted stock awards, performance stock awards, restricted stock units or other similar awards as provided in the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan or any successor plan and previously under the 2004 Incentive Stock Plan.

 

Establishing Executive Compensation.  To achieve the aims of the overall compensation strategy, the Committee compensates executives and other selected senior managers through a combination of base salary, bonus, deferred and equity compensation designed to be competitive with comparable companies and to create alignment between executives’ and shareholders’ interests.

 

2015 Pearl Meyer Executive Compensation Review (“2015 Review”).  During 2015, the Committee engaged Pearl Meyer to perform an updated executive compensation review, which was completed and presented to the Committee in July 2015.  The 2015 Review was performed to assess the reasonableness of the total direct compensation of the CEO, President, who at the time was also serving as CFO, CCO and certain other senior officers of the Bank.  The current CFO was not serving in that role at the time of the 2015 Review.  When reviewing compensation for the President position, the 2015 Review considered publicly available proxy information for the 2015 peer group discussed below for both presidents and chief operating officers, when the chief operating officer was the second highest paid employee, in order to encompass the President’s range of responsibilities.  The 2015 Review used a peer group analysis and a market analysis.  The peer group analysis reviewed both total cash compensation and total compensation.  Total compensation included total cash paid plus equity and retirement compensation.  The market analysis reviewed total cash compensation only.  While the 2015 Review did not specifically assess compensation for Mr. Long as CFO, Pearl Meyer did provide the Committee with data regarding compensation for the CFO position, in anticipation of a new CFO being appointed in the near term.

 

The peer group for this 2015 Review (the "2015 peer group”) consisted of publicly-traded financial institutions headquartered in Maryland, North Carolina, Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia, which consisted of 19 financial institutions with assets ranging from $1 billion to $2.5 billion with a median asset size of $1.3 billion.  Based on these criteria, the following financial institutions were included in the peer group: Access National Corporation (VA); American National Bankshares Inc. (VA); Community Bankers Trust Corporation (VA); The Community Financial Corporation (MD); Eastern Virginia Bankshares, Inc. (VA); Farmers Capital Bank Corporation (KY); First United Corporation (MD); HomeTrust Bancshares, Inc. (NC); Middleburg Financial Corporation (VA); Monarch Financial Holdings (VA); National Bankshares, Inc. (VA); NewBridge Bancorp (NC); Old Line Bancshares, Inc. (MD); Park Sterling Corporation (NC); Premier Financial Bancorp, Inc. (WV); Shore Bancshares, Inc. (MD); Stock Yards Bancorp, Inc. (KY); Summit Financial Group Inc. (WV);

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and WashingtonFirst Bankshares, Inc. (VA).  The peer group analysis concluded that total cash compensation for the CEO, President and CCO was at the 51st, 66th, and 49th percentile, respectively; and total compensation for the CEO, President and CCO was at the 66th, 87th, and 62nd percentile, respectively. 

 

The market analysis was based on data from the 2014 American Bankers Association Compensation and Benefits Survey, the Pearl Meyer: 2014 National Banking Compensation Survey Report, the 2014 Northeast Banking Compensation Survey and Report, the 2015 peer group and other additional Pearl Meyer proprietary survey sources.  The market analysis concluded total cash compensation for the CEO, President and CCO was approximately at the 52nd, 58th, and 57th percentile, respectively.  The results of the 2015 Review concluded that overall executive compensation was competitive with the market. The Committee considered these results when making 2016 executive compensation decisions.  

 

During 2014, 2015, and 2016, Pearl Meyer did not provide any consulting services to the Corporation other than in connection with non-employee director and executive compensation, and it maintains no other economic relationship with the Corporation.  The Committee assessed the independence of Pearl Meyer pursuant to SEC and NASDAQ rules and concluded that the advice it receives from Pearl Meyer is objective and not influenced by other relationships that could be viewed as conflicts of interest.

 

In addition to reviewing compensation, the 2015 Review considered the structure of both the performance-based incentive and equity-based award metrics for the CEO, President, CCO and certain other senior officers of the Bank.  No changes were made to the structure of performance-based incentive or equity-based award metrics as a result of the 2015 Review.  Based on previous recommendations from Pearl Meyer, the performance-based incentive metrics include an asset quality component in addition to return on average equity (“ROE”) and return on average assets (“ROA”) metrics.  The Corporation’s five-year total shareholder return is compared to a custom index comprised of the peer companies selected each year based on criteria developed by Pearl Meyer, and the measurement date for determining equity-based awards is December 31st.  Further, a scaled payout percentage is used to determine the equity-based awards earned under the management incentive plan, rather than an absolute percentage based on achieving the overall goal.  Finally, similar criteria from the 2015 peer group described above are used to determine the peer group in subsequent years, with the companies meeting these criteria subject to change from year to year as the peer group is updated to account for changes in asset size due to mergers, acquisitions or growth. 

 

Base annual salary and short-term incentive compensation for the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation are established by an employment agreement originally entered into in 1995 and amended and restated as of January 1, 2013.  The employment agreement provides for a fixed annual base salary and a performance-based short-term incentive directly related to the profitability of the Mortgage Corporation.  The President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation was responsible for bringing all of the critical personnel and operations of the Mortgage Corporation to the Corporation, at no cost to the Corporation.  As a result, his employment agreement included a bonus provision for a percentage of future profits.

 

For 2016, base annual salary and short-term incentive compensation for the President of C&F Finance were established based on recommendations from the CEO which were based on the overall performance of C&F Finance.  Performance of C&F Finance is evaluated based on net income, asset quality measures and earning asset growth as well as achievement of other strategic goals as evaluated by the CEO and the Committee.

 

Mr. Long was named CFO on March 15, 2016 and was not an executive officer as of the beginning of the year, when base annual salaries were set for 2016.

 

Benchmarking.  In establishing a peer group for 2016, for purposes of performance-based incentive compensation and equity compensation, the Committee used similar criteria for determining the annual peer group that Pearl Meyer used in the 2015 Review.  The updated peer group consisted of 24 publicly-traded

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commercial financial institutions headquartered in Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia and Kentucky (the “2016 peer group”).  The state of Tennessee was added to ensure a sufficient peer group size.  The asset size for this peer group was approximately $900 million to $2.5 billion, with a median of $1.2 billion based on December 31, 2015 assets.  Based on the criteria described above, the following financial institutions were included in the peer group: Access National Corporation (VA); American National Bankshares Inc. (VA); Community Bankers Trust Corporation (VA); The Community Financial Corporation (MD); Eastern Virginia Bankshares, Inc. (VA); Farmers Capital Bank Corporation (KY); First Community Bancshares, Inc. (VA); First South Bancorp, Inc. (NC); First United Corporation (MD); Franklin Financial Network Inc. (TN); HopFed Bancorp, Inc. (KY); Howard Bancorp, Inc. (MD); Middleburg Financial Corporation (VA); National Bankshares, Inc. (VA); Old Line Bancshares, Inc. (MD); Old Point Financial Corporation (VA); Peoples Bancorp of North Carolina, Inc. (NC); Porter Bancorp, Inc. (KY); Premier Financial Bancorp, Inc. (WV); Shore Bancshares, Inc. (MD); SmartFinancial Inc. (TN); Southern National Bancorp of Virginia Inc. (VA); Summit Financial Group Inc. (WV); and WashingtonFirst Bankshares, Inc. (VA).

 

2016 Executive Compensation Components.  For 2016, the principal components of compensation for named executive officers as defined in Item 402 of Regulation S-K were:

·

base salary;

·

performance-based incentive compensation;

·

equity compensation;

·

retirement and other benefits; and

·

perquisites.

 

These elements combine to promote the objectives described above.  Base salary, retirement plans and other benefits and perquisites provide a minimum level of compensation that helps attract and retain qualified executives.  Performance-based incentives and equity compensation reward achievement of short-term and long-term goals and align executive compensation with the creation of longer-term shareholder value and promote retention.

 

Base Salaries.  We provide NEOs and other employees with base salaries to compensate them for services rendered during the fiscal year.  Base salaries for NEOs (with the exception of the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation and the President of C&F Finance) are determined for each executive based on his or her position and responsibility by using market data.  Salary levels are considered annually as part of the Committee’s performance review process as well as upon a promotion or other change in job responsibility.  During its review of base salaries for executives for 2016, the Committee primarily considered:

·

Market data provided by Pearl Meyer in 2015;

·

Compensation data for the 2015 peer group;

·

Responsibilities of the executive;

·

Internal review of the executive’s compensation relative to other officers; and

·

Individual performance of the executive.

 

For 2016, for the CEO, the Committee took into account the factors identified above and Pearl Meyer’s 2015 Review results that indicated the CEO average base salary for peer financial institutions was $398,000 in 2014.  At the CEO’s request, his base salary was limited to $300,000 in 2014, $309,000 in 2015, and $317,500 in 2016.  For the President, the Committee, after taking into account the factors identified above and Pearl Meyer’s 2015 Review results that indicated the President average base salary for peer financial institutions was $350,000 in 2014, determined that his base salary should be increased to $290,000 for 2016 from $275,000 for 2015. For the CFO, the Committee, after taking into account the factors identified above, Pearl Meyer’s 2015 Review results that indicated the CFO average base salary for peer financial institutions was $203,000 in 2014, and after his promotion to CFO, determined that his base salary should be increased to $185,000 in 2016.  For the President of C&F Finance, based on the performance of C&F Finance during 2015, the Committee determined his base salary should be increased to $220,000 for 2016 from $211,500 for 2015.  For the CCO,

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the Committee, after taking into account the factors identified above and Pearl Meyer’s 2015 Review results that indicated the CCO average base salary for peer financial institutions was $182,000 in 2014, determined that his base salary should be increased to $191,000 for 2016 from $185,000 for 2015.  Similar analyses were performed for other senior officers. 

 

Performance-Based Incentive Compensation.  Short-term cash incentive compensation for the CEO, President, CFO, President of C&F Finance, and CCO is governed by the Corporation’s Management Incentive Plan (“MIP”) adopted in 2005, as amended in 2015.  Under the MIP, at the beginning of 2016 the Committee established performance objectives for the Corporation and the award formula or matrix by which all incentive awards were to be calculated.  Executive officers were assigned a cash award target, to be paid if the Corporation achieved targeted performance goals in 2016, as well as minimum and maximum award levels if the Corporation achieved below or above the targeted performance goals. The Committee has the discretion to adjust upward or downward any award earned under the MIP or to grant an award even when minimum goals are not achieved.

 

For the CEO and President, incentive compensation is designed to reward overall corporate performance by setting awards based on ROE and ROA relative to ROE and ROA of the peer financial institutions selected by the Committee to establish compensation levels for the executive officers and certain senior officers in 2016.  The incentive compensation for the CFO is based on the overall corporate performance as measured by ROE and ROA as well as achievement of other strategic goals as evaluated by the CEO and the Committee.  The cash incentive compensation for the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation is set forth in his employment agreement and is based solely on a percentage of income before taxes generated by the Mortgage Corporation.  The incentive compensation for the President of C&F Finance is based on the financial performance of C&F Finance as measured by ROA and net income and a subjective evaluation of asset quality and other strategic goals by the Committee.  The incentive compensation for the CCO is based on the financial performance of the Bank as measured by net income, asset quality, and a subjective evaluation of other goals related to productivity, efficiency and customer service.

 

The remainder of management has more diverse performance goals consistent with the business they are managing.  Where an employee has responsibility for the performance of a particular business, the performance goals are heavily weighted toward the operational performance of that unit.  However, for members of the senior management team of the Bank (not including the NEOs) a portion of their bonus is based on the ROE and ROA of the Corporation relative to the ROE and ROA of the peer financial institutions.  All other employees earn bonuses based on the operational performance goals they have been assigned.

 

The cash award targets for the CEO and President for 2016 were based on achievement of a corporate goal, which was a weighted measure of the Corporation’s ROE and ROA for 2016 relative to the 2016 peer group.  This measure is the combined ranking of ROE and ROA of the 2016 peer group placing twice the weight on ROE ranking.  Depending on the level of achievement with respect to the corporate goal under the MIP, for 2016 the CEO could earn a cash award of up to a maximum of 90% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016 and the President could earn a cash award of up to a maximum of 80% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016.  The Committee chose these award levels so that the maximum awards would be paid when the Corporation has performed the best in the 2016 peer group based on combined ROE and ROA performance, while performance below the 40th percentile (the minimum award level) would result in no incentive payment.  The Committee has the discretion under the MIP to adjust upward or downward any award earned under the MIP within the minimum and maximum award levels established by the Committee, or to grant an award even if the minimum corporate goal is not achieved.  The Committee may also adjust any award calculated based on the Corporation’s ROE and ROA performance versus the 2016 peer group, based on a review of the asset quality of the Corporation as part of its overall safety and soundness perspective.  As part of this review, the Committee looked at asset quality measures at the Bank, the Mortgage Corporation and C&F Finance. These asset quality measures included nonperforming assets to total loans, nonperforming assets to average assets, charge off ratios, delinquency percentages, loan indemnifications, and extension rates on loans and repossession rates,

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including quarterly trends and comparisons to available asset quality measures of the companies in the 2016 peer group.  Based on the Corporation’s ROE and ROA for 2016, in which the Corporation achieved results in excess of the 87th percentile of the 2016 peer group, and the Committee’s review of relevant asset quality measures, the CEO would have been entitled to a cash bonus of 76% of his base salary for 2016, but based on a recommendation from the CEO, the Committee awarded him a cash bonus of 58% of his base salary.  The President would have been entitled to a cash bonus of 68% of his base salary for 2016, but based on a recommendation from the President, the Committee awarded him a cash bonus of 63% of his base salary.

 

The determination of the cash award for the CFO for 2016 under the MIP begins with the overall corporate performance as measured by net income, but also includes a subjective evaluation of other strategic goals as evaluated by the CEO and the Committee.  Depending on the level of achievement with respect to these goals, the CFO could earn a cash award of 20% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016.  This amount may be increased to up to 200% or decreased to 0%. Based on the CFO’s achievements for 2016 and a recommendation by the CEO to the Committee, he was awarded a cash bonus of 17.3% of his base salary for 2016.

 

All short-term incentive payments to the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation for 2016 were made in accordance with his employment agreement and related directly to the profitability of the Mortgage Corporation.

 

The cash award for the President of C&F Finance for 2016 is a percentage of net income of C&F Finance based on a sliding scale relative to the ROA of C&F Finance and adjusted in the Committee’s discretion based on a review of asset quality measures of C&F Finance and other strategic goals as evaluated by the Committee.  Depending solely on the level of ROA achieved by C&F Finance for 2016, the President of C&F Finance could earn a cash award of between .45% and 1.35% of the net income of C&F Finance.  However, based on his achievements for 2016 and a recommendation by the CEO to the Committee, the cash bonus awarded to the President of C&F Finance was increased to 1.76% of the net income of C&F Finance, which equated to approximately 36% of his base salary for 2016 and included a discretionary amount of $55,000, which the Committee awarded based on the overall industry conditions and the achievement of other strategic initiatives by C&F Finance.

 

The determination of the cash award for the CCO for 2016 under the MIP begins with a similar analysis of the performance of the Bank as measured by net income and asset quality as discussed above for the CEO and President, but also includes a subjective evaluation of other goals related to productivity, efficiency and customer service at the Bank.  Depending on the level of achievement with respect to these goals, the CCO could earn a cash award of 25% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016.  This amount may be increased to up to 200% or decreased to 0%.  Based on the CCO’s achievements for 2016 and a recommendation by the CEO to the Committee, he was awarded a cash bonus of 26% of his base salary for 2016.

 

Equity Compensation.  The Corporation adopted the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan effective April 16, 2013.  The plan permits the issuance of up to 500,000 shares of common stock for awards to key employees and non-employee directors of the Corporation and its subsidiaries, which includes members of a regional or advisory board of the Corporation and its subsidiaries in the form of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, other stock-based awards and cash awards.  With respect to executive compensation, the purpose of the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan is to promote the success of the Corporation and its subsidiaries by providing incentives to key employees and non-employee directors to achieve corporate objectives and link their personal interests with the long-term financial success of the Corporation and with growth in shareholder value, without exposing the Corporation or its subsidiaries to imprudent risks.  The 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan is designed to provide flexibility to the Corporation in its ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of key employees and directors. Prior to April 16, 2013, equity compensation awards were granted under the 2004 Incentive Stock Plan.

 

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Each year, the Committee considers the desirability of granting long-term incentive awards under the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan.  The Committee may utilize stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, other stock-based awards or a combination thereof, to focus executive officers, as well as other officers, on building profitability and shareholder value.  The Committee notes in particular its view that equity grants make a desirable long-term compensation method because they closely align the interests of management with shareholder value.  The Committee has the authority to establish equity goals and awards for all participants.

 

Since 2006, the primary form of equity compensation awarded by the Corporation has been restricted stock.  In 2006, a holding period and minimum stock ownership requirement were added for equity awards.

 

Under the MIP, executive officers may be awarded equity-based awards under the 2013 Stock and Incentive Plan based on the achievement of targeted performance goal(s).  For 2016, the equity-based award targets for the CEO and President were based solely on achievement of one corporate goal, which was five-year total shareholder return (“TSR”) of the Corporation compared to the TSR of the 2016 peer group index. The Committee chose this longer-term measure because the Committee wanted to reward sustained performance.  If the corporate goal is achieved under the MIP, for 2016 the CEO could earn a target equity-based award of 45% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016 and the President could earn a target equity-based award of 40% of his base salary as of January 1, 2016.  These targets were selected to maintain overall compensation competitiveness if the Corporation shows sustained total shareholder return relative to its peers.  The MIP permits the Committee to award a scaled payout based on performance that is higher or lower than the target.  For 2016, if the Corporation’s TSR divided by the 2016 peer group index TSR is equal to or higher than 0.70, the CEO and President would earn 50% of their target award; if the Corporation’s TSR divided by the 2016 peer group index TSR is equal to 0.80, 0.90 or 1.0, the CEO and President would earn 65%, 80%, or 100%, respectively, of their target award.  If the Corporation’s TSR divided by the 2016 peer group index TSR is less than 0.70 or greater than 1.0, the Committee could use its discretion to grant an award or increase an award up to 200% of the target. This ability to make equity-based awards based on the scaled payout percentage is in addition to the Committee’s ability to adjust an award upward or downward in its discretion.   

 

The CFO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, President of C&F Finance and CCO do not have a targeted equity-based award stated as a percentage of base salary.  As with the CEO and President, if the one corporate goal mentioned above is met or the Committee at its discretion grants an award, the other NEOs are eligible for an equity-based award.  Grants of equity for the NEOs excluding the CEO and President are recommended to the Committee by the CEO based on a subjective determination of the performance of the Bank, the Mortgage Corporation and C&F Finance, as applicable, for the fiscal year.

 

The measurement date for the 2016 equity-based awards under the MIP was December 31, 2016, except in the case of the CCO, whose award was determined on December 13, 2016 as discussed below.  As of December 31, 2016, the Corporation’s TSR divided by the 2016 peer group index TSR was .51.  Based on this performance and the scaled payout formula discussed above, any equity-based awards to the CEO and President are solely at the discretion of the Committee.  The Committee reviewed an analysis of the price to tangible book value (“P-TBV”) for each member of the 2016 peer group as of the beginning of the five year period, January 1, 2011. The average P-TBV for the 2016 peer group as of January 1, 2011, was 65.1% compared to the P-TBV for the Corporation of 114.3%.  This was a reflection of the strength of the Corporation relative to its peers at the beginning of the period.  Since that time, market and industry conditions have improved.  As a result of the fact that P-TBV was much lower for the peer group at the start of the period any improvement within the 2016 peer group would show a much higher return than that of the Corporation.  Based on the analysis above, the Corporation’s 2016 financial performance as measured by net income, an evaluation of actual to budgeted net income, the achievement of other strategic initiatives, and the exercise of discretion permitted under the MIP, on January 17, 2017, the Committee elected to exercise its discretion and granted 3,200 shares of restricted stock each to the CEO and President, which amounted to 45.8% and 50.1% of their base salaries, respectively.   

 

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Based on performance with respect to the corporate goal, the performance of the Bank, the Mortgage Corporation and C&F Finance, as applicable, and the exercise of its discretion as permitted under the MIP, on January 17, 2017, and December 13, 2016 in the case of the CCO, the Committee granted 775 shares of restricted stock to the CFO, 900 shares of restricted stock to the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, 1,400 shares of restricted stock to the President of C&F Finance, 600 shares of restricted stock to the CCO, which amounted to 19.0%, 18.6%, 28.9%, and 15.6% of their base salaries, respectively.   The CCO’s restricted stock award under the MIP was determined by the Committee in December 2016 when it determined restricted stock awards for other employees for 2016 performance. 

 

The Committee believes that granting these awards will assist in retaining the services of the CEO, President, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, President of C&F Finance, and CCO because these awards generally do not vest for five years, subject to accelerated vesting under certain circumstances.  The amount of each award was based on achieving the corporate goal mentioned above and on the executive officer’s performance, the level of his responsibilities, and internal equity considerations. 

 

The Corporation’s practice is to determine the dollar amount of equity compensation that is to be awarded for the equity component of the MIP and then to grant a number of shares of restricted stock that have a fair market value equal to that amount on the date of grant, rounded to avoid fractional shares.  The fair market value is determined based on the closing price of the stock on the date of grant.  For NEOs, awards are generally made at the January meeting of the Board of Directors each year.  For all other employees, with the exception of significant promotions and new hires, awards are generally made at the December meeting of the Board of Directors each year.  The restricted stock granted for 2016 performance under the MIP is “time based.”  In order for the restricted stock to be earned or vest, the employee must remain employed for a period of five years after the date of grant, subject to accelerated vesting under certain circumstances. 

 

Holding Period/Stock Ownership Guidelines.  Once restricted stock awards vest, employees may not sell more than 50% of the award until a minimum level of stock ownership is achieved.  The following table shows the minimum ownership levels for NEOs and certain other senior officers.

 

 

 

 

Multiple of Base Salary

CEO; President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation

2x

President; President of C&F Finance

1.5x

CFO; CCO; and certain other senior officers

1x

 

Retirement and Other Benefits.   The Bank maintains a tax-qualified cash balance pension plan known as the VBA Master Defined Benefit Plan for Citizens and Farmers Bank (the “Retirement Plan”) covering substantially all Bank employees who had reached the age of 21 and had been fully employed for at least one year.  Under the cash balance plan, each participant’s account receives two forms of credits:  compensation credits and interest credits.  Compensation credits equal a percentage of each participant’s compensation.  Compensation for this purpose includes both salary and bonus, subject to the compensation limit applicable to tax-qualified plans, which limit was $265,000 for 2016.  The applicable compensation credit percentage ranges between 1% and 12% depending on the participant’s combined age and years of credited service at the end of each plan year.  Interest credits for a year are based on the prior year’s December average yield on 30-year Treasuries plus 150 basis points, not to exceed the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) third segment rate.

 

Upon termination of employment and after having completed at least three years of service, a participant will receive the amount then credited to the participant’s cash balance account in an actuarially equivalent joint and survivor annuity (if married) or single life annuity (if not married).  The participant may also choose from other optional forms of benefit, including a lump sum payment in the amount of the cash balance account.  The Retirement Plan does not cover non-employee directors.  The amount expensed for the Retirement Plan during the year ended December 31, 2016 was $656,833.  The Retirement Plan allows for early

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retirement at the age of 55 and ten years of service.  The amount available at this age will be the amount then credited to the participant’s cash balance account.  Mr. Dillon is eligible for early retirement under the Retirement Plan and was entitled to a payment of $1,571,627 as of December 31, 2016.

 

The Bank maintains a tax-qualified 401(k) plan known as the Virginia Bankers Association Master Defined Contribution Plan for Citizens and Farmers Bank (the “Savings Plan”), pursuant to which all Bank employees, including the CEO, President, CFO and CCO, may make pre-tax contributions to the plan of up to 95% of covered compensation, subject to certain limitations on the amount under federal law.  The Bank will match 100% of the first 5% of pay that is contributed to the Savings Plan, subject to statutory limitations.  All employee contributions to the Savings Plan are fully vested upon contribution and Bank matching contributions vest at 20% annually beginning after two years of service and are fully vested at six years of service, or earlier in the event of retirement, death or attainment of age 65 while an employee.

 

In addition, each plan year, the Bank may make a profit sharing contribution to the Savings Plan.  The amount of such contribution, if any, is within the discretion of the Bank’s Board of Directors and will be determined during each plan year.  Such contributions are only allocated to “covered participants,” which designation is determined annually based on working at least 1,000 hours and being employed on the last day of the year (or ceasing employment due to retirement or death).  The CEO, President, CFO and CCO were covered participants in 2016.  For a covered participant, any profit sharing contribution is allocated to the employee’s account based on the proportion of the employee’s covered compensation to the covered compensation of all other covered participants.  Profit sharing contributions are subject to the same vesting rules that apply to matching contributions under the Savings Plan.  There was no profit sharing contribution to the Savings Plan for 2016. 

 

C&F Finance maintains a Defined Contribution 401(k) and Profit-Sharing Plan sponsored by the Virginia Bankers Association (the “401(k) and Profit Sharing Plan”) with plan features and vesting provisions similar to the Savings Plan of the Bank.  The President of C&F Finance was a covered participant in 2016.  There was no profit sharing contribution to the 401(k) and Profit Sharing Plan for 2016. 

 

The Mortgage Corporation also maintains a tax-qualified 401(k) plan known as the C&F Mortgage Corporation 401(k) Plan (the “401(k) Plan”) pursuant to which eligible Mortgage Corporation employees can make pre-tax contributions of from 1% to 100% of compensation (with a discretionary company match), subject to statutory limitations.  Substantially all employees of the Mortgage Corporation, including the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, who have attained the age of 18 are eligible to participate on the first day of the next month following their employment date.  The 401(k) Plan provides for an annual discretionary matching contribution to the account of each “eligible participant,” based in part on the Mortgage Corporation’s profitability for the year and on each employee’s contributions to the 401(k) Plan.  The 401(k) Plan also permits an additional annual discretionary employer contribution for “eligible participants,” which is allocated to an employee’s account based on the proportion of the employee’s covered compensation to the covered compensation of all other eligible participants.  “Eligible participants” are determined annually based on working at least 1,000 hours and being employed on the last day of the year.  All employee contributions are fully vested upon contribution.  An employee is vested in the employer’s contributions 25% after two years of service, 50% after three years of service, 75% after four years of service, and fully vested after five years or attainment of age 65 while employed.

 

In addition to the Savings Plan, the 401(k) and Profit Sharing Plan, and the 401(k) Plan, NEOs and certain other eligible executives of the Corporation and its subsidiaries can participate in a non-qualified deferred compensation plan known as the Restated VBA Executives’ Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan for C&F Financial Corporation (the “Nonqualified Plan”).  The Nonqualified Plan is designed to provide for deferral opportunities otherwise restricted by qualified plan limits and to establish a long-term retention incentive for our executives.  The plan provides for five types of deferrals:

24


 

 

 

(1) Employee deferrals whereby certain employees are permitted to make deferrals of salary or cash incentive compensation.  The CEO, President, CFO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, President of C&F Finance, and CCO did not elect any deferral of salary or cash incentive compensation for 2016. 

 

(2) Excess match deferrals whereby the Corporation contributes to the Nonqualified Plan the amount of employer matching contributions in excess of statutory limitations.  Any matching amounts in excess of the maximum annual pre-tax contribution for qualified retirement plans allowed by the Internal Revenue Service are deposited in the Nonqualified Plan.  For the CEO, President, and President of C&F Finance, the amount accrued in 2016 was $10,750, $4,750, and $2,000, respectively.  The CFO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, and CCO did not receive excess match deferrals for 2016.

 

(3) Excess profit sharing deferrals whereby the Corporation contributes to the Nonqualified Plan the amount of discretionary employer profit sharing contributions in excess of statutory limitations.  No employer profit sharing contribution was made for 2016.

 

(4) Excess cash balance deferrals whereby the Corporation contributes to the Nonqualified Plan the amount entitled under the Retirement Plan in excess of statutory limitations.  For the CEO and President, the amount accrued in 2016 was $27,180 and $17,910, respectively.  The CFO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, President of C&F Finance, and CCO did not receive excess cash balance deferrals in 2016. 

 

(5) Supplemental retirement deferrals whereby the Corporation makes discretionary employer contributions for the CEO in recognition of his performance and service, and discretionary employer contributions for the President, CFO, and President of C&F Finance as a retention incentive consistent with the Corporation’s overall compensation strategy.  For the CEO, President, CFO, and President of C&F Finance, the amounts accrued in 2016 were $50,000, $29,000, $9,250, and $22,000, respectively.  While the contributions for the CEO vest immediately, the contributions for the President, CFO and the President of C&F Finance do not vest until death, disability, retirement or change in control.  The President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation and the CCO were not awarded a supplemental deferral for 2016.

 

Perquisites.  The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include the opportunity for executive physicals every two years, use of a Corporation-owned automobile, matching charitable contributions, club dues and tax preparation assistance common among the Corporation’s peer financial institutions, provided to the CEO did not exceed $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016, 2015 and 2014.  Effective January 1, 2015, the Committee approved an additional perquisite for the CEO to provide for post-retirement medical and dental insurance premiums for the CEO and his spouse for life.  The CEO is not eligible to begin receiving this perquisite until he retires at or after age 65.

 

The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include the opportunity for executive physicals every two years, use of a Corporation-owned automobile, matching charitable contributions, club dues and tax preparation assistance and financial advisory services for the President exceeded $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016, 2015 and 2014.  These amounts for 2016 are detailed in note 1 to the All Other Compensation Table for 2016 on page 34. 

 

The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include the opportunity for executive physicals every two years, an automobile allowance, and matching charitable contributions for the CFO did not exceed $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016.  

 

The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include use of a Corporation-owned automobile and matching charitable contributions, provided to the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation did not exceed $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016, 2015, and 2014. 

 

25


 

 

The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include the opportunity for executive physicals every two years, use of a Corporation-owned automobile, and matching charitable contributions for the President of C&F Finance exceeded $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016 but did not exceed $10,000 in the aggregate for 2015 and 2014.  These amounts for 2016 are detailed in note 1 to the All Other Compensation Table for 2016 on page 34.

 

The annual cost to the Corporation of perquisites, which may include the opportunity for executive physicals every two years, use of a Corporation-owned automobile, and matching charitable contributions for the CCO exceeded $10,000 in the aggregate for 2016, 2015, and 2014.  These amounts for 2016 are detailed in note 1 to the All Other Compensation Table for 2016 on page 34.

 

NEOs also participate in other benefit plans on the same terms as other employees.  These plans include medical, dental, life, and disability insurance.

 

Prohibition on Hedging and Pledging Transactions.  Under the Corporation’s insider trading policy, directors and executive officers, including the named executive officers, are prohibited from (i) pledging the Corporation’s stock as collateral for loans and (ii) selling the Corporation’s stock “short,” trading in the Corporation’s stock in or through a margin account or otherwise engaging in hedging transactions or speculative or short-term trading of the Corporation’s stock. These provisions are part of the Corporation’s overall program to prevent the Corporation’s directors and executive officers, including the named executive officers, from trading on material non-public information.

 

Employment and Change in Control Agreements.  As is typical in the mortgage industry, Mr. McKernon is employed by the Mortgage Corporation under an employment agreement originally entered into in 1995 and amended and restated as of January 1, 2013.  Under the agreement, the Mortgage Corporation has employed Mr. McKernon as its President and CEO under a three-year “evergreen” agreement, which remains in effect at all times unless and until terminated as permitted by the agreement.  Either party, by notice to the other at any time and for any reason, may give notice of an intention to terminate the agreement three years from the date notice is received by the other.  Additionally, either party may terminate the agreement in the event the Mortgage Corporation fails to meet certain specified financial performance criteria for a stipulated period or of a stipulated amount within a prescribed time period.  The agreement terminates upon the death or disability of Mr. McKernon, or upon the failure of either party to fulfill its obligations under the agreement.  Under the agreement, the Mortgage Corporation in 2016 paid Mr. McKernon an annual base salary of $220,000, payable in monthly installments.  The Mortgage Corporation also is obligated to pay Mr. McKernon a bonus, computed and paid on a monthly basis, based upon a variable percentage of the Mortgage Corporation’s financial performance for the preceding month, subject to adjustment annually in order that the total bonus for a fiscal year will be equal to the specified percentage as determined by the year-end financial performance amount on which the bonus is based.  The Mortgage Corporation has the right, at any time and at its option, to “buy out” Mr. McKernon’s agreement and terminate his employment for an amount based upon the Mortgage Corporation’s financial performance.  In the event of a termination of his employment for any reason other than pursuant to a three-year notice, the Mortgage Corporation also may purchase a limited non-solicitation commitment from Mr. McKernon.

 

The agreement also provides that Mr. McKernon will be entitled, during his employment, to benefits commensurate with those furnished to other employees of the Mortgage Corporation. The agreement also contains provisions requiring confidentiality of information regarding the Mortgage Corporation.  Mr. McKernon may terminate his employment agreement upon an event of “covered termination” as defined in his change in control agreement.  Any termination of the employment agreement also will terminate Mr. McKernon’s change in control agreement, except a termination of his employment agreement as described in the preceding sentence.

 

26


 

 

The agreement provides that any incentive-based compensation or award Mr. McKernon receives will be subject to any clawback required pursuant to law, rule, regulation or stock exchange listing requirement or any policy of the Corporation adopted pursuant to any such law, rule, regulation or listing requirement.

 

The Corporation has entered into “change in control agreements” with the CEO, President, CFO, the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, the President of C&F Finance and the CCO because the Board has determined that it is in the best interest of the Corporation and its shareholders to have the continued dedication of these executives, notwithstanding the possibility, threat or occurrence of a change in control. The agreement for the CEO provides certain payments and benefits in the event of a termination of his employment by the Corporation without “cause,” or by the CEO for “good reason,” during the period beginning on the occurrence of a “change in control” (as defined in the agreement) of the Corporation and ending 61 days after the second anniversary of the change in control date and includes the period prior to the change in control date in the case of terminations of employment in anticipation of a change in control.  In such event, the CEO would be entitled (i) to receive in a lump sum, two and one-half times the sum of his highest annual base salary during the 24-month period preceding the change in control date and his highest annual bonus for the three fiscal years preceding the change in control date; (ii) for a period of three years following termination, to receive continuing health insurance, life insurance, and similar benefits under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans and to have the three-year period credited as service towards completion of any service requirement for retiree coverage under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans; and (iii) if the CEO requests within six months after his termination, to have the Corporation acquire his primary residence for its appraised fair market value.

 

The agreements for the President and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation provide certain payments and benefits in the event of a termination of their employment by the Corporation without “cause,” or by the President or the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation for “good reason” within the period of coverage following a change in control. In March 2012, the agreements for the President and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation were amended to provide for the same period of coverage as in the CEO’s agreement. As a result, the agreements for the President and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation now provide for the payments and benefits described below in the event of a covered termination during the period beginning on the occurrence of a change in control and ending 61 days after the second anniversary of the change in control date. In such event, the President and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation would each be entitled (i) to receive in a lump sum, two times his highest annual base salary during the 24-month period preceding the change in control date and (ii) for a period of two years following termination, to receive continuing health insurance, life insurance, and similar benefits under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans and to have the two-year period credited as service towards completion of any service requirement for retiree coverage under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans.  In addition, the President would be entitled to two times his highest annual bonus for the three fiscal years preceding the change in control date.

 

The agreements for the CFO, the President of C&F Finance and the CCO provide certain payments and benefits in the event of a termination of their employment by the Corporation without “cause,” or by the CFO, the President of C&F Finance or the CCO for “good reason” within the period of coverage following a change in control. The agreements provide for the payments and benefits described below in the event of a covered termination during the period beginning on the occurrence of a change in control and ending 61 days after the second anniversary of the change in control date and include the period prior to the change in control date in the case of terminations of employment in anticipation of a change in control. In such event, the CFO, the President of C&F Finance and the CCO would each be entitled (i) to receive in a lump sum, an amount equal to one times the sum of (X) his highest annual base salary during the 24-month period preceding the change in control date and (Y) his highest annual bonus for the three fiscal years preceding the change in control, and (ii) for a period of one year following termination, to receive continuing health insurance, life insurance, and similar benefits under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans and to have the one-year period credited as service towards completion of any service requirement for retiree coverage under the Corporation’s welfare benefit plans. 

27


 

 

 

Under these agreements following a change in control, the CEO, President, CFO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation, President of C&F Finance and CCO may voluntarily terminate their employment for “good reason” and become entitled to these payments and benefits under certain circumstances.  These circumstances include, but are not limited to, a material adverse change in position, authority or responsibilities, or a reduction in rate of annual base salary, benefits (including incentives, bonuses, stock compensation, and retirement and welfare plan coverage) or other perquisites as in effect immediately prior to the change in control date, as well as a right to terminate voluntarily during the 60-day periods after the change in control date, the first anniversary of the change in control date and the second anniversary of the change in control date.  If any payments to or benefits under (collectively, “payments”) these change in control agreements would be subject to excise tax as an “excess parachute payment” under federal income tax rules, the Corporation has agreed to pay the CEO, President, and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation additional amounts (“gross-up payments”) to adjust for the incremental tax costs of such payments.  However, if such payments and gross-up payments do not provide a net after-tax benefit of at least $25,000, as compared to the net after-tax proceeds resulting from an elimination of the gross-up payments and a reduction of the payments such that the receipt of payments would not give rise to any excise tax, then payments and benefits provided under the agreements will be reduced, so that the CEO, President and the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation will not be subject to a federal excise tax.  No such gross-up payments are provided under the agreements with the CFO, the President of C&F Finance or the CCO.

 

In certain cases, some or all of the payments and benefits provided on termination of employment under these agreements may be delayed for six months following termination to comply with the requirements of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”).  Any payment required to be delayed would be paid at the end of the six-month period in a lump sum, with any payments due after the six-month period being paid at the normal payment date provided for under the agreement.  In the case of benefits that are delayed, the executive would pay the cost of benefit coverage during the six-month delay period and then be reimbursed by the Corporation at the end of the six-month period.

 

Except in the case of the President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation’s employment agreement, the Corporation does not provide for payments upon termination outside of the change in control agreements, but may negotiate individual severance packages with departing executives on a case-by-case basis.  For terminations due to retirement, early retirement, disability and death, vesting of any unvested stock options, restricted stock and retirement benefits occur at the date of termination, except that beginning in 2016 restricted stock awards granted to key employees other than the CEO provide for accelerated vesting on early retirement upon the one-year anniversary of the date of termination and only if the individual has complied with a non-competition agreement.  Assuming termination for any of these reasons had occurred on December 31, 2016, because all outstanding stock options were already fully vested, these types of terminations would only trigger additional vesting of restricted stock and retirement benefits.  The value of restricted stock vesting would have been $967,090, $967,090, $97,208, $204,835, $373,875, and $179,460 for the CEO, President, CFO, President and CEO of Mortgage Corporation, the President of C&F Finance, and the CCO respectively.  The value of retirement benefits vesting would have been $483,921,  $16,643 and $172,596 for the President, CFO, and President of C&F Finance, respectively.  The CEO, President and CEO of the Mortgage Corporation and the CCO would not have experienced any additional vesting with respect to retirement benefits because they are fully vested in the plans in which they participate.

 

28


 

 

The following table shows the potential payments upon termination, including following a change in control of the Corporation, for the named executive officers based on agreements and plans in effect as of December 31, 2016.  The amounts in this table are calculated assuming the change in control or termination event occurred on December 31, 2016 and all executives were paid in a lump sum payment.

 

Executive Payments and Benefits upon Termination Table

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severance Compensation

 

 

Benefits and Perquisites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Performance -

 

 

Unvested and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Based

 

 

Accelerated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incentive

 

 

Restricted

 

 

Welfare

 

 

Retirement

 

 

280G Tax

 

 

 

 

 

Name and Principal Position

  

  

Severance

  

  

Compensation

  

  

Stock

  

  

Benefits

  

  

Benefits

  

  

Gross-ups8,9

  

  

Total

 

Larry G. Dillon Chairman / Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voluntary Termination1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

By Corporation without Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

By Corporation with Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

Change in Control2 By Corporation without Cause

 

 

$

793,750

 

 

$

526,500

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

$

32,968

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

959,994

 

 

$

3,280,302

 

By Executive with Good Reason

 

 

$

793,750

 

 

$

526,500

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

$

32,968

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

959,994

 

 

$

3,280,302

 

Retirement11

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

Disability12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

Death12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

Thomas F. Cherry President/ Secretary14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voluntary Termination1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

By Corporation without Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

By Corporation with Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Change in Control3 By Corporation without Cause

 

 

$

580,000

 

 

$

368,000

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

$

26,621

 

 

$

483,921

 

 

$

1,048,015

 

 

$

3,473,647

 

By Executive with Good Reason

 

 

$

580,000

 

 

$

368,000

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

$

26,621

 

 

$

483,921

 

 

$

1,048,015

 

 

$

3,473,647

 

Retirement10

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Disability12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

483,921

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

1,451,011

 

Death12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

967,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

483,921

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

1,451,011

 

Jason E. Long Senior Vice President/Chief Financial Officer14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voluntary Termination1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

By Corporation without Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

By Corporation with Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Change in Control4 By Corporation without Cause

 

 

$

185,000

 

 

$

32,000

 

 

$

97,208

 

 

$

8,431

 

 

$

16,643

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

339,282

 

By Executive with Good Reason

 

 

$

185,000

 

 

$

32,000

 

 

$

97,208

 

 

$

8,431

 

 

$

16,643

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

339,282

 

Retirement10

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

Disability12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

97,208

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

16,643

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

113,851

 

Death12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

97,208

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

16,643

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

113,851

 

Bryan E. McKernon12 President/Chief Executive Officer of C&F Mortgage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voluntary Termination1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

By Corporation without Cause1

 

 

$

165,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

165,000

 

By Corporation with Cause1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

Change in Control5 By Corporation without Cause

 

 

$

440,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

 

$

24,008

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

668,393

 

By Executive with Good Reason

 

 

$

440,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

 

$

24,008

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

668,393

 

Retirement10

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 —

 

Disability12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

Death12

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

204,385

 

29