10-Q 1 ptn_10q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT ptn_10q.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2013

or

o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to __________

Commission file number: 001-15543
________________________

PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
95-4078884
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
4B Cedar Brook Drive
Cranbury, New Jersey
 
08512
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(609) 495-2200
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨                                                                         Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨                                                                           Smaller reporting company þ
         (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨   No þ

 
As of February 13, 2014, 39,241,655 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $.01 per share, were outstanding.
 
 
 

 
 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Table of Contents

 
Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2013 and June 30, 2013
2
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012
3
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012
4
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
11
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
14
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
14
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
15
Item 1A. Risk Factors
15
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
15
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
15
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
15
Item 5. Other Information
15
Item 6. Exhibits
15
 
 
 
1

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.      Financial Statements

PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)

   
December 31,
2013
   
June 30,
2013
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 16,681,727     $ 19,167,632  
Short-term investments
    1,500,000       5,249,654  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    300,210       332,267  
Total current assets
    18,481,937       24,749,553  
                 
Property and equipment, net
    216,086       266,415  
Other assets
    57,718       58,131  
Total assets
  $ 18,755,741     $ 25,074,099  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Capital lease obligations
  $ 8,115     $ 19,909  
Accounts payable
    290,992       338,726  
Accrued expenses
    2,176,734       1,701,727  
Unearned revenue
    1,000,000       -  
Total current liabilities
    3,475,841       2,060,362  
                 
Deferred rent
    16,851       35,460  
Total liabilities
    3,492,692       2,095,822  
                 
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Preferred stock of $0.01 par value – authorized 10,000,000 shares;
               
Series A Convertible; issued and outstanding 4,697 shares as of  December 31, 2013 and June 30, 2013
    47       47  
Common stock of $0.01 par value – authorized 300,000,000 shares;
               
 issued and outstanding 39,191,655 shares as of  December 31, 2013 and 39,116,948 as of June 30, 2013, respectively
    391,917       391,169  
Additional paid-in capital
    283,072,187       282,692,520  
Accumulated deficit
    (268,201,102 )     (260,105,459 )
Total stockholders’ equity
    15,263,049       22,978,277  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 18,755,741     $ 25,074,099  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
2

 
 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended December 31,
   
Six Months Ended December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
   
2013
   
2012
 
                         
REVENUES:
  $ -     $ 6,555     $ -     $ 10,361  
                                 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
                               
Research and development
    2,630,368       2,445,770       6,079,508       4,789,083  
General and administrative
    980,070       1,001,538       2,023,580       2,062,554  
Total operating expenses
    3,610,438       3,447,308       8,103,088       6,851,637  
                                 
Loss from operations
    (3,610,438 )     (3,440,753 )     (8,103,088 )     (6,841,276 )
                                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):
                               
Investment income
    4,931       13,016       10,250       27,387  
Interest expense
    (954 )     (1,360 )     (2,805 )     (3,642 )
Increase in fair value of warrants
    -       -       -       (7,069,165 )
Gain on disposition of supplies and equipment
    -       -       -       4,620  
Total other income (expense), net
    3,977       11,656       7,445       (7,040,800 )
                                 
Loss before income taxes
    (3,606,461 )     (3,429,097 )     (8,095,643 )     (13,882,076 )
Income tax benefit
    -       1,753,208       -       1,753,208  
                                 
NET LOSS
  $ (3,606,461 )   $ (1,675,889 )   $ (8,095,643 )   $ (12,128,868 )
                                 
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
  $ (0.03 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.14 )
                                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding used in computing basic and diluted net loss per common share
    106,668,186       106,424,443       106,638,953       89,046,806  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3

 

PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
 
   
Six Months Ended December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
  Net loss
  $ (8,095,643 )   $ (12,128,868 )
  Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash
               
   used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    56,568       54,778  
Accrued interest and amortization of premium/discount
    (346 )     -  
Gain on sale of supplies and equipment
    -       (4,620 )
Stock-based compensation
    405,629       325,720  
Increase in fair value of warrants
    -       7,069,165  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
    -       (10,360 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    32,470       804,548  
Accounts payable
    (47,734 )     189,921  
Accrued expenses and deferred rent
    456,398       (1,616,709 )
Unearned revenue
    1,000,000       -  
Net cash used in operating activities
    (6,192,658 )     (5,316,425 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from sale/maturity of investments
    3,750,000       -  
Proceeds from sale of supplies and equipment
    -       4,620  
Purchases of property and equipment
    (6,239 )     (21,774 )
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    3,743,761       (17,154 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Payments on capital lease obligations
    (11,794 )     (10,926 )
Payment of withholding taxes related to restricted
               
  stock units
    (25,214 )     (34,785 )
Proceeds from sale of common stock units
    -       34,402,768  
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
    (37,008 )     34,357,057  
                 
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH
               
  AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (2,485,905 )     29,023,478  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of year
    19,167,632       3,827,198  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of year
  $ 16,681,727     $ 32,850,676  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid for interest
  $ 2,805     $ 3,534  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4

 
 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

(1)       ORGANIZATION:
 
Nature of Business – Palatin Technologies, Inc. (Palatin or the Company) is a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted, receptor-specific peptide therapeutics for the treatment of diseases with significant unmet medical need and commercial potential. Palatin’s programs are based on molecules that modulate the activity of the melanocortin and natriuretic peptide receptor systems. The melanocortin system is involved in a large and diverse number of physiologic functions, and therapeutic agents modulating this system may have the potential to treat a variety of conditions and diseases, including sexual dysfunction, obesity and related disorders, cachexia (wasting syndrome) and inflammation-related diseases. The natriuretic peptide receptor system has numerous cardiovascular functions, and therapeutic agents modulating this system may be useful in treatment of acute asthma, heart failure, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.
 
The Company’s primary product in development is bremelanotide for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). The Company also has drug candidates or development programs for obesity, erectile dysfunction, pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular diseases, dermatologic diseases and inflammatory diseases. The Company has an exclusive global research collaboration and license agreement with AstraZeneca AB (AstraZeneca) to commercialize compounds that target melanocortin receptors for the treatment of obesity, diabetes and related metabolic syndrome.
 
Key elements of the Company’s business strategy include using its technology and expertise to develop and commercialize therapeutic products; entering into alliances and partnerships with pharmaceutical companies to facilitate the development, manufacture, marketing, sale and distribution of product candidates that the Company is developing; and partially funding its product candidate development programs with the cash flow generated from third parties.

Business Risk and Liquidity – The Company has incurred negative cash flows from operations since its inception, and has expended, and expects to continue to expend in the future, substantial funds to complete its planned product development efforts. As shown in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2013 of $268.2 million and incurred a net loss for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 of $3.6 million and $8.1 million, respectively. The Company anticipates incurring additional losses in the future as a result of spending on its development programs. To achieve profitability, the Company, alone or with others, must successfully develop and commercialize its technologies and proposed products, conduct successful preclinical studies and clinical trials, obtain required regulatory approvals and successfully manufacture and market such technologies and proposed products. The time required to reach profitability is highly uncertain, and there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to achieve profitability on a sustained basis, if at all.
 
As of December 31, 2013, the Company’s cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were $18.2 million. The Company intends to utilize existing capital resources for general corporate purposes and working capital, including preparing for the Phase 3 clinical trial program with bremelanotide for female sexual dysfunction (FSD), preclinical development of its peptide melanocortin receptor-1 program, preclinical and clinical development of its PL-3994 program and preclinical development of other portfolio products. Management believes that the Phase 3 clinical trial program with bremelanotide will cost at least $78.0 million. The Company does not intend to initiate patient enrollment in the Phase 3 program unless the Company has adequate funds, or commitments for adequate funds, to complete the Phase 3 program. The Company intends to seek additional capital to support the Phase 3 program through collaborative arrangements on bremelanotide, public or private equity or debt financings, or other sources.

Management believes that the Company’s existing capital resources will be adequate to fund its currently planned operations, including submitting complete protocols for pivotal Phase 3 studies to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but not initiating patient enrollment, through at least March 31, 2015.
 
Concentrations – Concentrations in the Company’s assets and operations subject it to certain related risks. Financial instruments that subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are primarily in one money market fund sponsored by a large financial institution and the Company’s short-term investments are invested in U.S. government securities. For the three and six months ended December 31, 2012, 100% of revenues were from AstraZeneca.

 
5

 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
(2)       BASIS OF PRESENTATION:
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnote disclosures required to be presented for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for fair presentation. The results of operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 may not necessarily be indicative of the results of operations expected for the full year, except that the Company expects to incur a significant loss for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which includes consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2013 and 2012 and for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended June 30, 2013.
 
(3)       SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:
 
Principles of Consolidation – The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Palatin and its wholly-owned inactive subsidiary. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Use of Estimates – The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents – Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, cash in banks and all highly liquid investments with a purchased maturity of less than three months. Cash equivalents consist of $13,017,234 in a money market fund at December 31, 2013 and $16,284,184 in a money market fund at June 30, 2013.

Investments – The Company determines the appropriate classification of its investments in debt and equity securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such determinations at each balance sheet date. Debt securities are classified as held-to-maturity when the Company has the intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. Debt securities for which the Company does not have the intent or ability to hold to maturity are classified as available-for-sale. Held-to-maturity securities are recorded as either short-term or long-term on the balance sheet, based on the contractual maturity date and are stated at amortized cost. Marketable securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term are classified as trading securities and are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses recognized in earnings. Debt and marketable equity securities not classified as held-to-maturity or as trading are classified as available-for-sale and are carried at fair market value, with the unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, included in the determination of comprehensive loss.

The fair value of substantially all securities is determined by quoted market prices. The estimated fair value of securities for which there are no quoted market prices is based on similar types of securities that are traded in the market.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments – The Company’s financial instruments consist primarily of cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts payable, and capital lease obligations. Management believes that the carrying value of these assets and liabilities are representative of their respective fair values based on the short-term nature of these instruments.
 
Property and Equipment – Property and equipment consists of office and laboratory equipment, office furniture and leasehold improvements and includes assets acquired under capital leases. Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is recognized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, generally five years for laboratory and computer equipment, seven years for office furniture and equipment and the lesser of the term of the lease or the useful life for leasehold improvements. Amortization of assets acquired under capital leases is included in depreciation expense. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred while expenditures that extend the useful life of an asset are capitalized.
 
 
6

 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets – The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. To determine recoverability of a long-lived asset, management evaluates whether the estimated future undiscounted net cash flows from the asset are less than its carrying amount. If impairment is indicated, the long-lived asset would be written down to fair value. Fair value is determined by an evaluation of available price information at which assets could be bought or sold, including quoted market prices if available, or the present value of the estimated future cash flows based on reasonable and supportable assumptions.
 
Deferred Rent  The Company’s operating leases provide for rent increases over the terms of the leases. Deferred rent consists of the difference between periodic rent payments and the amount recognized as rent expense on a straight-line basis, as well as tenant allowances for leasehold improvements. Rent expenses are being recognized ratably over the terms of the leases.
 
Revenue Recognition – Revenue from corporate collaborations and licensing agreements consists of up-front fees, research and development funding, and milestone payments. Non-refundable up-front fees are deferred and amortized to revenue over the related performance period. The Company estimates the performance period as the period in which it performs certain development activities under the applicable agreement. Reimbursements for research and development activities are recorded in the period that the Company performs the related activities under the terms of the applicable agreements. Revenue resulting from the achievement of milestone events stipulated in the applicable agreements is recognized when the milestone is achieved, provided that such milestone is substantive in nature. Revenue from grants is recognized as the Company provides the services stipulated in the underlying grants based on the time and materials incurred.

During the six months ended December 31, 2013, the Company received a $1.0 million, non-refundable option fee relating to negotiation of a potential future license of bremelanotide in a defined territory outside North America for the treatment of FSD. Subject to certain contingencies, if not exercised, the option expires in the first calendar quarter of 2014. This payment, which is creditable against any upfront or initial license fee in the event of negotiation of a definitive license agreement, was recorded as unearned revenue as of December 31, 2013.
 
Research and Development Costs – The costs of research and development activities are charged to expense as incurred, including the cost of equipment for which there is no alternative future use.
 
Accrued Expenses – Third parties perform a significant portion of our development activities. We review the activities performed under significant contracts each quarter and accrue expenses and the amount of any reimbursement to be received from our collaborators based upon the estimated amount of work completed. Estimating the value or stage of completion of certain services requires judgment based on available information.
 
Stock-Based Compensation – The Company charges to expense the fair value of stock options and other equity awards granted. The Company determines the value of stock options utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Compensation costs for share-based awards with pro rata vesting are allocated to periods on a straight-line basis.
 
Income Taxes – The Company and its subsidiary file consolidated federal and separate-company state income tax returns. Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences or operating loss and tax credit carryforwards are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company has recorded a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets based on the history of losses incurred.

During the three months ended December 31, 2012, the Company sold New Jersey state net operating loss (NJ NOL) carryforwards, which resulted in the recognition of $1,753,208 in tax benefits.
 
Net Loss per Common Share – Basic and diluted earnings per common share (EPS) are calculated in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 260, “Earnings per Share,” which includes guidance pertaining to the warrants, issued in connection with the July 3, 2012 private placement offering, that are exercisable for nominal consideration and, therefore, are to be considered in the computation of basic and diluted net loss per common share. The Series A 2012 warrants to purchase up to 31,988,151 shares of common stock were exercisable starting at July 3, 2012 and, therefore, are included in the weighted average number of common shares outstanding used in computing basic and diluted net loss per common share starting on July 3, 2012.
 
 
7

 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
The Series B 2012 warrants to purchase up to 35,488,380 shares of common stock were considered contingently issuable shares and were not included in computing basic net loss per common share until the Company received stockholder approval for the increase in authorized underlying common stock on September 27, 2012 (see note 6). For diluted EPS, contingently issuable shares are to be included in the calculation as of the beginning of the period in which the conditions were satisfied, unless the effect would be anti-dilutive. The Series B 2012 warrants have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share during the period from July 3, 2012 until September 27, 2012 as the impact would be anti-dilutive.

As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, common shares issuable upon conversion of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, the exercise of outstanding options and warrants (excluding the warrants issued in connection with the July 3, 2013 private placement offering), and the vesting of restricted stock units amounted to an aggregate of 28,657,356 and 27,685,837 shares, respectively. These share amounts have been excluded from the calculation of net loss per share as the impact would be anti-dilutive.
 
(4)       AGREEMENT WITH ASTRAZENECA:
 
In January 2007, the Company entered into an exclusive global research collaboration and license agreement with AstraZeneca to discover, develop and commercialize compounds that target melanocortin receptors for the treatment of obesity, diabetes and related metabolic syndrome. In June 2008, the license agreement was amended to include additional compounds and associated intellectual property developed by the Company. In December 2008, the license agreement was further amended to include additional compounds and associated intellectual property developed by the Company and extended the research collaboration for an additional year through January 2010. In September 2009, the license agreement was further amended to modify royalty rates and milestone payments. The collaboration is based on the Company’s melanocortin receptor obesity program and includes access to compound libraries, core technologies and expertise in melanocortin receptor drug discovery and development. As part of the September 2009 amendment to the research collaboration and license agreement, the Company agreed to conduct additional studies on the effects of melanocortin receptor specific compounds on food intake, obesity and other metabolic parameters.
 
In December 2009 and 2008, the Company also entered into clinical trial sponsored research agreements with AstraZeneca, under which the Company agreed to conduct studies of the effects of melanocortin receptor specific compounds on food intake, obesity and other metabolic parameters. Under the terms of these clinical trial agreements, AstraZeneca paid $5,000,000 as of March 31, 2009 upon achieving certain objectives and paid all costs associated with these studies. The Company recognized $6,555 and $10,361, respectively, as revenue in the three and six months ended December 31, 2012 under these clinical trial sponsored research agreements.
 
The Company received an up-front payment of $10,000,000 from AstraZeneca on execution of the research collaboration and license agreement. Under the September 2009 amendment the Company was paid an additional $5,000,000 in consideration of reduction of future milestones and royalties and providing specific materials to AstraZeneca. The Company is now eligible for milestone payments totaling up to $145,250,000, with up to $85,250,000 contingent on development and regulatory milestones and the balance contingent on achievement of sales targets. In addition, the Company is eligible to receive mid to high single digit royalties on sales of any approved products. AstraZeneca assumed responsibility for product commercialization, product discovery and development costs, with both companies contributing scientific expertise in the research collaboration. The Company provided research services to AstraZeneca through January 2010, the expiration of the research collaboration portion of the research collaboration and license agreement, at a contractual rate per full-time-equivalent employee.
 
AstraZeneca has a number of collaboration compounds in various stages of preclinical testing, and is evaluating its program and next steps. No assurance can be given that AstraZeneca will continue to develop compounds that target melanocortin receptors for the treatment of obesity, diabetes and related metabolic syndrome, or that AstraZeneca will be successful in developing any such compound.

 
8

 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
(5)       FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS:
 
The fair value of cash equivalents and short-term investments are classified using a hierarchy prioritized based on inputs. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on management’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
 
The following table provides the assets carried at fair value:
 
   
Carrying Value
   
Quoted prices in
active markets
(Level 1)
   
Other quoted/observable inputs (Level 2)
   
Significant unobservable inputs (Level 3)
 
December 31, 2013:
                       
Money Market Fund
  $ 13,017,234     $ 13,017,234     $ -     $ -  
U.S. Government Securities
    1,500,000       1,500,000       -       -  
TOTAL
  $ 14,517,234     $ 14,517,234     $ -     $ -  
                                 
June 30, 2013:
                               
Money Market Fund
  $ 16,284,184     $ 16,284,184     $ -     $ -  
U.S. Government Securities
    5,249,654       5,249,160       -       -  
TOTAL
  $ 21,533,838     $ 21,533,344     $ -     $ -  
 
(6)      STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
Common Stock Transactions On July 3, 2012, the Company closed on a private placement offering in which the Company sold, for aggregate proceeds of $35.0 million, 3,873,000 shares of its common stock, Series A 2012 warrants to purchase up to 31,988,151 shares of common stock, and Series B 2012 warrants to purchase up to 35,488,380 shares of common stock. These warrants are exercisable at an exercise price of $0.01 per share, and expire ten years from the date of issuance. The holders may exercise the warrants on a cashless basis. The warrants are subject to a blocker provision prohibiting exercise of the warrants if the holder and its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 9.99% of the total number of shares of common stock of the Company following such exercise (as may be adjusted to the extent set forth in the warrant). The warrants also provide that in the event of a Company Controlled Fundamental Transaction (as defined in the warrants), the Company may, at the election of the warrant holder, be required to redeem all or a portion of the warrants at an amount tied to the greater of the then market price of the Company’s common stock or the amount per share paid to any other person.
 
Because there were not sufficient authorized shares to cover all the outstanding Series B 2012 warrants in the private placement offering as of closing, under ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging,” the portion of the warrants above the then authorized level of common stock was required to be classified as a liability and carried at fair value on the Company’s balance sheet. The fair value, including the initial fair value liability of $16,960,963, was calculated by multiplying the number of shares underlying the Series B 2012 warrants above the then authorized level of the Company’s common stock by the closing price of its common stock less the exercise price of $0.01 per share. The warrants were liability classified through September 27, 2012, at which time the then fair value of the warrant liability was reclassified into stockholders’ equity upon stockholder approval of the increase in authorized common stock. The increase in fair value, as a result of the Company’s common stock increasing from $0.50 per share at date of issuance to $0.71 per share upon shareholder approval, of $7,069,165 has been recorded as a non-operating expense for the six months ended December 31, 2012.
 
 
9

 
PALATIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
The purchase agreement for the private placement provides that the purchasers, funds under the management of QVT Financial LP, have certain rights until July 3, 2018, including rights of first refusal and participation in any subsequent equity or debt financing, provided that the funds own at least 20% of the outstanding common stock of the Company calculated as if warrants held by the funds were exercised. The purchase agreement also contains certain restrictive covenants so long as the funds continue to hold specified amounts of warrants or beneficially own specified amounts of the outstanding shares of common stock.
 
The net proceeds to the Company were $34.4 million, after deducting offering expenses payable by the Company and excluding the proceeds to the Company, if any, from the exercise of the warrants issued in the offering.

Stock Options – In June 2013, the Company granted 525,000 options to its executive officers, 394,300 options to its employees and 270,000 options to its non-employee directors under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company is amortizing the fair value of these options of $287,000, $204,000 and $148,000, respectively, over the 48 month vesting period ending June 2017. The Company recognized $67,155 and $133,353, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to these options during the three and six months ended December 31, 2013.

In July 2012, the Company granted 285,000 options to its executive officers, 182,500 options to its employees and 112,500 options to its non-employee directors under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company is amortizing the fair value of these options of $182,000, $108,000 and $72,000, respectively, over the 48 months ending July 2016. The Company recognized $17,638 and $34,778, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to these options during the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 and $35,444 and $70,887, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.

Restricted Stock Units – In June 2013, the Company granted 420,000 restricted stock units to its executive officers and 115,000 restricted stock units to its employees under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company is amortizing the fair value of these restricted stock units of $260,000 and $71,000, respectively, over the 24 month vesting period ending June 2015.  The Company recognized $62,194 and $124,388, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to these restricted stock units during the three and six months ended December 31, 2013.

In July 2012, the Company granted 222,500 restricted stock units to its executive officers under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company is amortizing the fair value of these restricted stock units of $160,000 over the 24 months ending July 2014. The Company recognized $10,012 and $23,685, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to these restricted stock units during the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 and $30,037 and $54,584, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.
 
In June 2011, the Company granted 500,000 restricted stock units to its executive management under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company amortized the fair value of these restricted stock units of $430,000 over the 24 month vesting period ended June 30, 2013. The Company recognized $26,875 and $53,750, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to these restricted stock units during the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.
 
Stock-based compensation cost for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 for stock options and equity-based instruments issued other than the stock options and restricted stock units described above was $44,994 and $89,425, respectively, and $57,261 and $146,499, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.

(7)      SUBSEQUENT EVENT:
 
In January 2014 the Company sold NJ NOL carryforwards, which resulted in the recognition of $1,846,646 in tax benefits for the three months ending March 31, 2014.
 
 
10

 
 
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes to the consolidated financial statements filed as part of this report and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013.
 
Statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, as well as oral statements that may be made by us or by our officers, directors, or employees acting on our behalf, that are not historical facts constitute “forward-looking statements”, which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act). The forward-looking statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q do not constitute guarantees of future performance. Investors are cautioned that statements that are not strictly historical statements contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, current or future financial performance, management’s plans and objectives for future operations, ability to raise capital or repay debt, if required, clinical trials and results, uncertainties associated with product research and development, product plans and performance, management’s assessment of market factors, as well as statements regarding our strategy and plans and those of our strategic partners, constitute forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results to be materially different from historical results or from any results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Our future operating results are subject to risks and uncertainties and are dependent upon many factors, including, without limitation, the risks identified in this report, in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013, and in our other Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings.
 
We expect to incur losses in the future as a result of spending on our planned development programs and losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter.
 
In this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, references to “we”, “our”, “us” or “Palatin” means Palatin Technologies, Inc. and its subsidiary.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Our significant accounting policies, which are described in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this report and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013, have not changed as of December 31, 2013. We believe that our accounting policies and estimates relating to revenue recognition, accrued expenses and stock-based compensation are the most critical.
 
Overview
 
We are a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted, receptor-specific peptide therapeutics for the treatment of diseases with significant unmet medical need and commercial potential. Our programs are based on molecules that modulate the activity of the melanocortin and natriuretic peptide receptor systems. Our primary product in clinical development is bremelanotide for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). In addition, we have drug candidates or development programs for obesity, erectile dysfunction, pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular diseases, dermatologic diseases and inflammatory diseases.
 
The following drug development programs are actively under development:
 
  
Bremelanotide, an on-demand subcutaneous injectable peptide melanocortin receptor agonist, for treatment of FSD. Bremelanotide is scheduled to start Phase 3 clinical trials as early as the first half of calendar 2014.
 
  
Melanocortin receptor-based compounds for treatment of obesity, under development by AstraZeneca AB (AstraZeneca) pursuant to our research collaboration and license agreement.
 
  
PL-3994, a peptide mimetic natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPR-A) agonist, for treatment of cardiovascular and pulmonary indications.
 
  
Melanocortin receptor-1 agonist (MC1R) peptides, for treatment of dermatologic and inflammatory disease indications 
 
The following chart shows the status of our drug development programs.
 
 
11

 

 
We are developing subcutaneously administered bremelanotide for the treatment of FSD in premenopausal women. Bremelanotide, which is a melanocortin agonist (a compound which binds to a cell receptor and activates a response), is a synthetic peptide analog of the naturally occurring hormone alpha-MSH (melanocyte-stimulating hormone). We have completed a Phase 2B clinical trial and end-of-Phase 2 meeting with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and are planning to start pivotal Phase 3 clinical trials as early as the first half of calendar 2014. The Phase 3 clinical study program will be conducted in premenopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder, either with or without arousal difficulties, and will include two pivotal placebo-controlled, randomized parallel group trials each in 650 evaluable patients with two arms, one a fixed bremelanotide dose and one placebo. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is the single largest specific diagnosis in FSD. We will also conduct open-label safety extension, drug interaction and other ancillary studies. The Phase 3 studies, which will be conducted in North America, will utilize a single-dose autoinjector intended for commercialization. It is anticipated that the Phase 3 program will take at least fifteen to eighteen months from initiation of patient dosing through database lock. Following database lock, clinical trial data will be analyzed and, assuming the data supports approval of bremelanotide for FSD, a New Drug Application (NDA) will be submitted to FDA. There can be no assurance that the Phase 3 data will support approval of bremelanotide for FSD or that the FDA will approve an NDA for bremelanotide.
 
We have initiated preclinical studies with MC1R peptide drug candidates for a number of indications, primarily dermatologic and inflammatory disease related. The MC1R is implicated in a number of diseases, including inflammatory indications such as inflammatory bowel disease and nephritis, dermatologic indications such as vitiligo and erythropoietic protoporphyria, and ocular indications such as uveitis and dry eye. We are conducting animal studies for a number of different indications, and if these efforts are successful, intend to select one or more clinical development candidates and indications during the current fiscal year. We will then start preclinical toxicology and other studies preparatory to filing an Investigational New Drug (IND) application with FDA.
 
Key elements of our business strategy include: using our technology and expertise to develop and commercialize innovative therapeutic products; entering into alliances and partnerships with pharmaceutical companies to facilitate the development, manufacture, marketing, sale and distribution of product candidates that we are developing; and, partially funding our product development programs with the cash flow generated from third parties.
 
We incorporated in Delaware in 1986 and commenced operations in the biopharmaceutical area in 1996. Our corporate offices are located at 4B Cedar Brook Drive, Cranbury, New Jersey 08512 and our telephone number is (609) 495-2200. We maintain an Internet site at http://www.palatin.com, where among other things, we make available free of charge on and through this website our Forms 3, 4 and 5, proxy statements, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d), Section 14A and Section 16 of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Our website and the information contained in it or connected to it are not incorporated into this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
 
Results of Operations
 
 Three and Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to the Three and Six Months Ended December 31, 2012
 
            Revenue – We recognized no revenue for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $6,555 and $10,361, respectively, in revenue for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012 pursuant to our license agreement with AstraZeneca. Revenue for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012 consisted entirely of reimbursement of development costs and per-employee compensation, earned at the contractual rate.
 
 
12

 
 
Research and Development – Research and development expenses were $2.6 million and $6.1 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $2.4 million and $4.8 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.
 
            Research and development expenses related to our bremelanotide, PL-3994, peptide melanocortin agonist, obesity and other preclinical programs were $1.9 million and $4.7 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $1.9 million and $3.6 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012. Spending to date has been primarily related to our bremelanotide for the treatment of FSD program. We are currently completing protocols and preparing for initiation of pivotal Phase 3 studies of bremelanotide. The amount of such spending and the nature of future development activities are dependent on a number of factors, including primarily the availability of funds to support future development activities, success of our clinical trials and preclinical and discovery programs, and our ability to progress compounds in addition to bremelanotide and PL-3994 into human clinical trials.
 
            The amounts of project spending above exclude general research and development spending, which consists mainly of compensation and related costs, were $0.7 million and $1.4 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0.5 million and $1.2 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012.
 
            Cumulative spending from inception to December 31, 2013 on our bremelanotide, NeutroSpec (a previously marketed imaging product which has been terminated) and other programs (which include PL-3994, other melanocortin receptor agonists, obesity and other discovery programs) amounts to approximately $168.7 million, $55.6 million and $61.9 million, respectively. Due to various risk factors described in our periodic filings with the SEC, including the difficulty in currently estimating the costs and timing of future Phase 1 clinical trials and larger-scale Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical trials for any product under development, we cannot predict with reasonable certainty when, if ever, a program will advance to the next stage of development or be successfully completed, or when, if ever, net cash inflows will be generated.
 
            General and Administrative – General and administrative expenses, which consists mainly of compensation and related costs, were $1.0 million and $2.0 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $1.0 million and $2.1 million, respectively, for the three and six months December 31, 2012.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Since inception, we have incurred net operating losses, primarily related to spending on our research and development programs. We have financed our net operating losses primarily through equity financings and amounts received under collaborative agreements.
 
Our product candidates are at various stages of development and will require significant further research, development and testing and some may never be successfully developed or commercialized. We may experience uncertainties, delays, difficulties and expenses commonly experienced by early stage biopharmaceutical companies, which may include unanticipated problems and additional costs relating to:
 
  
the development and testing of products in animals and humans;
 
  
product approval or clearance;
 
  
regulatory compliance;
 
  
good manufacturing practices (GMPs);
 
  
intellectual property rights;
 
  
product introduction;
 
  
marketing, sales and competition; and
 
  
obtaining sufficient capital.
 
Failure to enter into collaboration agreements and obtain timely regulatory approval for our product candidates and indications would impact our ability to increase revenues and could make it more difficult to attract investment capital for funding our operations. Any of these possibilities could materially and adversely affect our operations and require us to curtail or cease certain programs.
 
During the six months ended December 31, 2013, we used $6.2 million of cash for our operating activities, compared to $5.3 million used in the six months ended December 31, 2012. Higher net cash outflows from operations in the six months ended December 31, 2013 was primarily the result of an increase in expenses related to our bremelanotide for the treatment of FSD program. Our periodic accounts payable and accrued expenses balances will continue to be highly dependent on the timing of our operating costs.
 
 
13

 
 
During the six months ended December 31, 2013, net cash provided by investing activities was $3.7 million, consisting of proceeds from the maturity of short-term investments of $3,750,000 offset by $6,239 used for capital expenditures. During the six months ended December 31, 2012, net cash used in investing activities was $17,154, consisting of $21,774 used for capital expenditures offset by $4,620 in proceeds from the sale of equipment.
 
During the six months ended December 31, 2013, cash used in financing activities of $37,008 consisted of the $25,214 for the payment of withholding taxes related to restricted stock units and payments of $11,794 on capital lease payments. During the six months ended December 31, 2012, cash provided by financing activities of $34.4 million consisted primarily of the net proceeds from the completion on July 3, 2012 of our private placement of 3,873,000 shares of our common stock, Series A 2012 warrants to purchase up to 31,988,151 shares of our common stock, and Series B 2012 warrants to purchase up to 35,488,380 shares of our common stock. Aggregate gross proceeds to us were $35.0 million, with net proceeds, after deducting offering expenses, of $34.4 million.
 
As of December 31, 2013, our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were $18.2 million and our current liabilities were $2.5 million, net of unearned revenue of $1.0 million. We intend to utilize existing capital resources for general corporate purposes and working capital, including preparing for the Phase 3 clinical trial program with bremelanotide for FSD, preclinical development of our peptide MC1R program, preclinical and clinical development of our PL-3994 program and preclinical development of other portfolio products. Based on our current plan, we believe that the Phase 3 clinical trial program with bremelanotide will cost at least $78.0 million. We do not intend to initiate patient enrollment in the Phase 3 program unless we have adequate funds, or commitments for adequate funds, to complete the Phase 3 program. We intend to seek additional capital to support the Phase 3 program through collaborative arrangements on bremelanotide, public or private equity or debt financings, or other sources.
 
We believe that our existing capital resources will be adequate to fund our currently planned operations, including submitting complete protocols for pivotal Phase 3 studies to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but not initiating patient enrollment, through at least March 31, 2015.
 
We anticipate incurring additional losses over at least the next few years. To achieve profitability, if ever, we, alone or with others, must successfully develop and commercialize our technologies and proposed products, conduct preclinical studies and clinical trials, obtain required regulatory approvals and successfully manufacture and market such technologies and proposed products. The time required to reach profitability is highly uncertain, and we do not know whether we will be able to achieve profitability on a sustained basis, if at all.
 
Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
            Not required to be provided by smaller reporting companies.
 
Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.
 
            Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e), as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2013. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that materially affected, or that are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
14

 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.
 
We may be involved, from time to time, in various claims and legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not currently a party to any claim or legal proceeding.
 
Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

There have been no material changes to our risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013.
 
Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
 
None.
 
Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
 
None.
 
Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5.  Other Information.
 
None.
 
Item 6.  Exhibits.
 
Exhibits filed or furnished with this report:
 
Exhibit No.   Description
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer.
 
Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
15

 
 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

   
Palatin Technologies, Inc.
 
   
(Registrant)
 
     
 
 
   
  /s/ Carl Spana
 
Date: February 14, 2014
 
Carl Spana, Ph.D.
President and
Chief Executive Officer (Principal
Executive Officer)
 
       
       
       
   
  /s/ Stephen T. Wills
 
Date: February 14, 2014
 
Stephen T. Wills, CPA, MST
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer
 
 
 
16

 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit No.   Description
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer.
 
Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17