10-K 1 form10k.htm META FINANCIAL GROUP, INC 10-K 9-30-2013

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
                              

FORM 10‑K
 
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013
 
OR
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _______ to _______
 
Commission file number 0‑22140.
 
META FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
(Name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
42‑1406262
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
5501 South Broadband Lane, Sioux Falls, SD
 
57108
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number:  (712) 732‑4117
 
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of Class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
NASDAQ Global Market

 
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well‑known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  YES o NO x
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to be file reports pursuant Section 13 and Section 15(d) of the Act.  YES o NO x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES x NO o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S‑T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).  YES x NO o.
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S‑K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K o.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non‑accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Non‑accelerated filer  o
Smaller Reporting Company o
 
  Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act). YES o NO x
 
As of March 31, 2013, the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the average of the closing bid and asked prices of such stock on the NASDAQ Global Market as of such date, was $125.2 million.
 
As of December 9, 2013, there were outstanding 6,088,986 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
PART III of Form 10-K -- Portions of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held January 27, 2014.
 



META FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
FORM 10-K
 
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
 
PART I
 
 
 
Item 1.
3
Item 1A.
53
Item 1B.
75
Item 2.
75
Item 3.
75
Item 4.
75
 
PART II
 
Item 5.
76
Item 6.
77
Item 7.
78
Item 7A.
95
Item 8.
96
Item 9.
148
Item 9A.
148
Item 9B.
150
 
PART III
 
Item 10.
153
Item 11.
153
Item 12.
153
Item 13.
154
Item 14.
154
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.
154

Forward-Looking Statements

Meta Financial Group, Inc.®, (“Meta Financial” or “the Company” or “us”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, MetaBank (the “Bank” or “MetaBank”), may from time to time make written or oral “forward-looking statements,” including statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, in its other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), in its reports to stockholders, and in other communications by the Company, which are made in good faith by the Company pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

You can identify forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “hope,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “could,” “future” or the negative of those terms or other words of similar meaning.  You should read statements that contain these words carefully because they discuss our future expectations or state other “forward‑looking” information.  These forward-looking statements include statements with respect to the Company’s beliefs, expectations, estimates, and intentions that are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, and are subject to change based on various factors, some of which are beyond the Company’s control.  Such statements address, among others, the following subjects:  future operating results; customer retention; loan and other product demand; important components of the Company’s balance sheet and income statements; growth and expansion; new products and services, such as those offered by MetaBank (the “Bank”) or Meta Payment Systems® (“MPS”), a division of the Bank; credit quality and adequacy of reserves; technology; and the Company’s employees.  The following factors, among others, could cause the Company’s financial performance to differ materially from the expectations, estimates, and intentions expressed in such forward-looking statements:  the strength of the United States economy in general and the strength of the local economies in which the Company conducts operations; the effects of, and changes in, trade, monetary, and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”), as well as efforts of the United States Treasury in conjunction with bank regulatory agencies to stimulate the economy and protect the financial system; inflation, interest rate, market, and monetary fluctuations; the timely development of and acceptance of new products and services offered by the Company as well as risks (including reputational and litigation) attendant thereto and the perceived overall value of these products and services by users; the risks of dealing with or utilizing third parties; the scope of restrictions and compliance requirements imposed by the supervisory directives and/or the Consent Orders entered into by the Company and the Bank with the Office of Thrift Supervision (the functions of which were transferred to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”) and the Federal Reserve) and any other such regulatory actions which may be initiated; the impact of changes in financial services’ laws and regulations, including but not limited to our relationship with our regulators, the OCC and the Federal Reserve; technological changes, including but not limited to the protection of electronic files or databases; acquisitions; litigation risk in general, including but not limited to those risks involving the MPS division; the growth of the Company’s business as well as expenses related thereto; changes in consumer spending and saving habits; and the success of the Company at managing and collecting assets of borrowers in default.

The foregoing list of factors is not exclusive.  Additional discussions of factors affecting the Company’s business and prospects are contained in the Company’s periodic filings with the SEC.  We caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.  All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section.  The Company expressly disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by or on behalf of the Company or its subsidiaries.
Available Information

The Company’s website address is www.metabank.com.  The Company makes available, through a link with the SEC’s EDGAR database, free of charge, its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), and beneficial ownership reports on Forms 3, 4, and 5. Investors are encouraged to access these reports and other information about our business on our website.  The information found on the Company’s website is not incorporated by reference in this or any other report the Company files or furnishes to the SEC. We also will provide copies of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, free of charge, upon written request to Debra Thompson, Senior Executive Assistant, at the Company’s address.  Also posted on our website, among other things, are the charters of our committees of the Board of Directors as well as the Company’s and the Bank’s Codes of Ethics.
 
PART I

Item 1.
Business

General

Meta Financial, a registered unitary savings and loan holding company, is a Delaware corporation, the principal assets of which are all the issued and outstanding shares of the Bank, a federal savings bank, the accounts of which are insured up to applicable limits under the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”).  Unless the context otherwise requires, references herein to the Company include Meta Financial and the Bank, and all subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.

The Bank, a wholly-owned full service banking subsidiary of Meta Financial, is both a community-oriented financial institution offering a variety of financial services to meet the needs of the communities it serves and a payments company that provides services on a nationwide basis, as further described below.  The principal business of the Bank has historically consisted of attracting retail deposits from the general public and investing those funds primarily in one- to four-family residential mortgage loans, commercial and multi-family real estate, agricultural operations and real estate, construction, and consumer and commercial operating loans primarily in the Bank’s market areas.  The Bank also purchases loan participations from time to time from other financial institutions, but presently at a lower level compared to prior years, as well as mortgage-backed securities and other investments permissible under applicable regulations.

In addition to its community-oriented lending and deposit gathering activities, the Bank’s MPS division issues prepaid cards, designs innovative consumer credit products, sponsors ATMs into various debit networks, and offers other payment industry products and services.  Through its activities, MPS generates both fee income and low- and no-cost deposits for the Bank.  As noted in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” which is included in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, MPS continues to expand and to play a very significant role in the Company’s financial performance.

The Company’s revenues are derived primarily from interest on commercial and residential mortgage loans, mortgage-backed securities and other investments, fees generated through the activities of MPS, consumer loans, agricultural operating loans, commercial operating loans, income from service charges, loan origination fees, and loan servicing fee income.
First Midwest Financial Capital Trust, also a wholly-owned subsidiary of Meta Financial, was established in July 2001 for the purpose of issuing trust preferred securities.

Meta Financial and the Bank are subject to comprehensive regulation and supervision.  See “Regulation” herein.

The principal executive office of the Company is located at 5501 South Broadband Lane, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57108.  Its telephone number at that address is (605) 782-1767.

Market Areas

The Bank has four market areas and the MPS division:  Northwest Iowa (“NWI”), Brookings, Central Iowa (“CI”), and Sioux Empire (“SE”).  The Bank’s home office is located at 121 East Fifth Street in Storm Lake, Iowa.  NWI operates two offices in Storm Lake, Iowa.  Brookings operates one office in Brookings, South Dakota.  CI operates a total of five offices in Iowa:  Des Moines (3), West Des Moines (1) and Urbandale.  SE operates three offices and one administrative office in Sioux Falls, SD.  MPS, which offers prepaid cards and other payment industry products and services nationwide, operates out of Sioux Falls, South Dakota.  See “Meta Payment Systems® Division.”

The Bank has a total of eleven full-service branch offices, and one non-retail service branch in Memphis, Tennessee.

The Company’s primary commercial banking market area includes the Iowa counties of Buena Vista, Dallas and Polk, and the South Dakota counties of Brookings, Lincoln, Minnehaha and Moody.  Iowa ranks 10th and South Dakota 17th in “The Best States for Business and Careers” (Forbes.com, November 2011).  Iowa has low corporate income and franchise taxes.  South Dakota has no corporate income tax, personal income tax, personal property tax, business inventory tax, or inheritance tax.

Storm Lake is located in Iowa’s Buena Vista County approximately 150 miles northwest of Des Moines and 200 miles southwest of Minneapolis.  Like much of the state of Iowa, Storm Lake and the surrounding market area are highly dependent upon farming and agricultural markets.  Major employers in the area include Buena Vista Regional Medical Center, Tyson Foods, Sara Lee Foods, and Buena Vista University.  The Northwest Iowa market operates two offices in Storm Lake.
 
Brookings is located in Brookings County, South Dakota, approximately 50 miles north of Sioux Falls and 200 miles west of Minneapolis.  The Bank’s market area encompasses approximately a 60-mile radius of Brookings.  The area is generally rural, and agriculture is a significant industry in the community.  South Dakota State University is the largest employer in Brookings.  The community also has several manufacturing companies, including 3M, Larson Manufacturing, Daktronics, Falcon Plastics, Twin City Fan, and Rainbow Play Systems, Inc.  The Brookings market operates from an office located in downtown Brookings.
Des Moines, Iowa’s capital, is located in central Iowa and is the political, economic and cultural capital of the state.  Des Moines was ranked 1st in “The Best Places for Business and Careers” (Forbes.com, August 2013).  The Des Moines market area encompasses Polk County and surrounding counties.  The Bank’s Central Iowa main office is located in the heart of downtown Des Moines.  The Urbandale office is in a high growth area just off I-80 at the intersection of two major streets.  The West Des Moines office operates near a high-traffic intersection, across from a major shopping mall.  The Ingersoll office is located near the heart of Des Moines, on a major thoroughfare, in a densely populated area.  The Highland Park facility is located in a historical district approximately five minutes north of downtown Des Moines.    The Des Moines metro area is a center of insurance, printing, finance, retail and wholesale trades as well as industry, providing a diverse economic base.  Major employers include Principal Life Insurance Company, Iowa Health – Des Moines, Mercy Hospital Medical Center, Hy-Vee Food Stores, Inc., City of Des Moines, United Parcel Service, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Co., Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc., and Wells Fargo.  Universities and colleges in the area include Des Moines Area Community College, Drake University, Simpson College, Des Moines University, Grand View College, AIB College of Business, and Upper Iowa University.  The unemployment rate in the Des Moines metro area was 4.70% as of September 2013.

Sioux Falls is located at the crossroads of Interstates 29 and 90 in southeast South Dakota, 270 miles southwest of Minneapolis.  The Sioux Falls market area encompasses Minnehaha and Lincoln counties.  The main branch is located at the high growth area of 57th and Western.  Other branches are located at 33rd and Minnesota and the intersection of 12th and Elmwood.  On Forbes’ August 2013 list of “The Best Small Places for Business and Careers,” Sioux Falls ranked No. 1 among the best small cities.  Major employers in the area include Sanford Health, Avera McKennan Hospital and Health system, John Morrell & Company, Citibank (South Dakota) NA, and Hy-Vee Food Stores.  Sioux Falls is home to Augustana College and The University of Sioux Falls.  The unemployment rate in Sioux Falls was 3.0% as of September 2013.

Several of the Company’s market areas are dependent on agriculture and agriculture-related businesses, which are exposed to exogenous risk factors such as weather conditions and commodity prices.  Loss rates in the agricultural real estate and agricultural operating loan portfolios have been minimal in the past three years primarily due to higher commodity prices as well as above average yields which have created positive economic conditions for most farmers in our markets during this time period.  Nonetheless, management still expects that future losses in this portfolio, which have been very low, could be higher than recent historical experience. Management believes that various levels of drought weather conditions within our markets has the potential to negatively impact potential yields which would have a negative economic effect on our agricultural markets.  In addition, management believes the economic environment may also negatively impact consumers’ repayment capacities.

Lending Activities
 
General.  The Company originates both fixed-rate and adjustable-rate (“ARM”) residential mortgage loans in response to consumer demand.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had $322.6 million in fixed-rate loans, and $62.3 million in ARM loans.  See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” which is included in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on Asset/Liability Management.

In addition, the Company has more recently focused its lending activities on the origination of commercial and multi-family real estate loans, agricultural related loans and commercial operating loans. The Company also continues to originate one-to-four family mortgage loans and consumer loans.  The Company originates most of its loans in its primary market area.  At September 30, 2013, the Company’s net loan portfolio totaled $380.4 million, or 22.4% of the Company’s total assets, as compared to $327.0 million, or 19.8% at September 30, 2012.

Loan applications are initially considered and approved at various levels of authority, depending on the type and amount of the loan.  The Company has a loan committee consisting of senior lenders and Market Presidents, and is led by the Chief Lending Officer.  Loans in excess of certain amounts require approval by at least two members of the loan committee, a majority of the loan committee, or by the Company’s Board Loan Committee, which has responsibility for the overall supervision of the loan portfolio.  The Company may discontinue, adjust or create new lending programs to respond to competitive factors.
At September 30, 2013, the Company’s largest lending relationship to a single borrower or group of related borrowers totaled $16.6 million, net of participation.  The Company had 24 other lending relationships in excess of $3.8 million as of September 30, 2013.  At September 30, 2013, one of these loans totaling $0.8 million was classified as substandard.  See “Non-Performing Assets, Other Loans of Concern, and Classified Assets.”

Loan Portfolio Composition.  The following table provides information about the composition of the Company’s loan portfolio in dollar amounts and in percentages as of the dates indicated.
 
 
 
At September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
 
 
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Real Estate Loans:
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
1-4 Family
 
$
82,287
     
21.4
%
 
$
49,134
     
14.8
%
 
$
34,128
     
10.7
%
 
$
40,454
     
10.9
%
 
$
48,506
     
12.2
%
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
192,786
     
50.1
%
   
191,905
     
58.0
%
   
194,414
     
60.9
%
   
204,820
     
55.1
%
   
232,750
     
58.4
%
Agricultural
   
29,552
     
7.7
%
   
19,861
     
6.0
%
   
20,320
     
6.4
%
   
25,895
     
7.0
%
   
26,755
     
6.7
%
Total Real Estate Loans
   
304,625
     
79.2
%
   
260,900
     
78.8
%
   
248,862
     
78.0
%
   
271,169
     
73.1
%
   
308,011
     
77.3
%
 
                                                                               
Other Loans:
                                                                               
Consumer Loans:
                                                                               
Home Equity
   
13,799
     
3.6
%
   
13,299
     
4.0
%
   
14,835
     
4.6
%
   
16,897
     
4.5
%
   
18,555
     
4.7
%
Automobile
   
658
     
0.1
%
   
792
     
0.2
%
   
794
     
0.2
%
   
737
     
0.2
%
   
928
     
0.2
%
Other (1)
   
15,857
     
4.1
%
   
18,747
     
5.7
%
   
18,769
     
5.9
%
   
30,479
     
8.2
%
   
16,516
     
4.1
%
Total Consumer Loans
   
30,314
     
7.8
%
   
32,838
     
9.9
%
   
34,398
     
10.7
%
   
48,113
     
13.0
%
   
35,999
     
9.0
%
 
                                                                               
Agricultural Operating
   
33,750
     
8.8
%
   
20,981
     
6.3
%
   
21,200
     
6.6
%
   
32,528
     
8.8
%
   
27,889
     
7.0
%
Commercial Operating
   
16,264
     
4.2
%
   
16,452
     
5.0
%
   
14,955
     
4.7
%
   
19,709
     
5.3
%
   
26,869
     
6.7
%
 
                                                                               
Total Other Loans
   
80,328
     
20.8
%
   
70,271
     
21.2
%
   
70,553
     
22.0
%
   
100,350
     
26.9
%
   
90,757
     
22.7
%
Total Loans
   
384,953
     
100.0
%
   
331,171
     
100.0
%
   
319,415
     
100.0
%
   
371,519
     
100.0
%
   
398,768
     
100.0
%
 
                                                                               
Less:
                                                                               
Deferred Fees and Discounts
   
595
             
219
             
79
             
240
             
166
         
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
3,930
             
3,971
             
4,926
             
5,234
             
6,993
         
 
                                                                               
Total Loans Receivable, Net
 
$
380,428
           
$
326,981
           
$
314,410
           
$
366,045
           
$
391,609
         

(1) Consist generally of various types of secured and unsecured consumer loans.
The following table shows the composition of the Company’s loan portfolio by fixed and adjustable rate at the dates indicated.
 
 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
 
 
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Fixed Rate Loans:
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Real Estate:
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
1-4 Family
 
$
75,477
     
19.6
%
 
$
44,045
     
13.3
%
 
$
30,410
     
9.5
%
 
$
34,513
     
9.3
%
 
$
42,310
     
10.6
%
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
173,373
     
45.0
%
   
162,552
     
49.1
%
   
155,786
     
48.8
%
   
163,843
     
44.0
%
   
180,891
     
45.3
%
Agricultural
   
22,433
     
5.8
%
   
15,399
     
4.6
%
   
16,416
     
5.1
%
   
16,937
     
4.6
%
   
17,317
     
4.4
%
Total Fixed-Rate Real Estate Loans
   
271,283
     
70.5
%
   
221,996
     
67.0
%
   
202,612
     
63.4
%
   
215,293
     
57.9
%
   
240,518
     
60.3
%
Consumer
   
20,129
     
5.2
%
   
20,322
     
6.1
%
   
15,494
     
4.9
%
   
19,066
     
5.1
%
   
17,398
     
4.4
%
Agricultural Operating
   
23,137
     
6.0
%
   
10,627
     
3.2
%
   
12,570
     
3.9
%
   
22,490
     
6.0
%
   
15,752
     
3.9
%
Commercial Operating
   
8,070
     
2.1
%
   
6,818
     
2.1
%
   
7,138
     
2.3
%
   
11,147
     
3.1
%
   
15,576
     
3.9
%
Total Fixed-Rate Loans
   
322,619
     
83.8
%
   
259,763
     
78.4
%
   
237,814
     
74.5
%
   
267,996
     
72.1
%
   
289,244
     
72.5
%
 
                                                                               
Adjustable Rate Loans:
                                                                               
Real Estate:
                                                                               
1-4 Family
   
6,810
     
1.8
%
   
5,089
     
1.5
%
   
3,718
     
1.2
%
   
5,941
     
1.6
%
   
6,196
     
1.6
%
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
19,413
     
5.0
%
   
29,353
     
8.9
%
   
38,628
     
12.1
%
   
40,977
     
11.0
%
   
51,859
     
13.0
%
Agricultural
   
7,119
     
1.9
%
   
4,462
     
1.4
%
   
3,904
     
1.2
%
   
8,958
     
2.5
%
   
9,438
     
2.4
%
Total Adjustable Real Estate Loans
   
33,342
     
8.8
%
   
38,904
     
11.8
%
   
46,250
     
14.5
%
   
55,876
     
15.1
%
   
67,493
     
17.0
%
Consumer
   
10,185
     
2.6
%
   
12,516
     
3.8
%
   
18,904
     
5.9
%
   
29,047
     
7.8
%
   
18,601
     
4.7
%
Agricultural Operating
   
10,613
     
2.8
%
   
10,354
     
3.1
%
   
8,630
     
2.7
%
   
10,038
     
2.7
%
   
12,137
     
3.0
%
Commercial Operating
   
8,194
     
2.1
%
   
9,634
     
2.9
%
   
7,817
     
2.4
%
   
8,562
     
2.3
%
   
11,293
     
2.8
%
Total Adjustable Loans
   
62,334
     
16.2
%
   
71,408
     
21.6
%
   
81,601
     
25.5
%
   
103,523
     
27.9
%
   
109,524
     
27.5
%
Total Loans
   
384,953
     
100.0
%
   
331,171
     
100.0
%
   
319,415
     
100.0
%
   
371,519
     
100.0
%
   
398,768
     
100.0
%
 
                                                                               
Less:
                                                                               
Deferred Fees and Discounts
   
595
             
219
             
79
             
240
             
166
         
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
3,930
             
3,971
             
4,926
             
5,234
             
6,993
         
 
                                                                               
Total Loans Receivable, Net
 
$
380,428
           
$
326,981
           
$
314,410
           
$
366,045
           
$
391,609
         
 
The following table illustrates the maturity analysis of the Company’s loan portfolio at September 30, 2013.  Mortgages which have adjustable or renegotiable interest rates are shown as maturing in the period during which the contract reprices.  The table reflects management’s estimate of the effects of loan prepayments or curtailments based on data from the Company’s historical experiences and other third party sources.
 
 
 
Real Estate (1)
   
Consumer
   
Commercial
Operating
   
Agricultural Operating
   
Total
 
 
 
Amount
   
Weighted Average
Rate
   
Amount
   
Weighted Average
Rate
   
Amount
   
Weighted Average
Rate
   
Amount
   
Weighted Average
Rate
   
Amount
   
Weighted Average
Rate
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Due During Years
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Ending September 30,
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Due in one year or less (2)
 
$
20,281
     
6.75
%
 
$
14,130
     
0.68
%
 
$
4,577
     
4.25
%
 
$
23,872
     
4.56
%
 
$
62,860
     
4.37
%
Due after one year through five years
   
139,390
     
4.73
%
   
13,727
     
4.93
%
   
10,960
     
4.65
%
   
7,373
     
4.14
%
   
171,450
     
4.71
%
Due after five years
   
144,954
     
4.29
%
   
2,457
     
5.57
%
   
727
     
4.44
%
   
2,505
     
4.52
%
   
150,643
     
4.31
%
Total
 
$
304,625
           
$
30,314
           
$
16,264
           
$
33,750
           
$
384,953
         
 
(1) Includes one-to-four family, multi-family, commercial and agricultural real estate loans.
(2) Includes demand loans, loans having no stated maturity and overdraft loans.
One- to Four-Family Residential Mortgage Lending.  One- to four-family residential mortgage loan originations are generated by the Company’s marketing efforts, its present customers, walk-in customers and referrals.  At September 30, 2013, the Company’s one- to four-family residential mortgage loan portfolio totaled $82.3 million, or 21.4% of the Company’s total loans.  See “Originations, Purchases, Sales and Servicing of Loans and Mortgage-Backed Securities.”  At September 30, 2013, the average outstanding principal balance of a one- to four-family residential mortgage loan was approximately $118,000.  At September 30, 2013, $0.2 million, or 0.3% of the Company’s one- to four- family residential mortgage loans, were non-performing.

The Company offers fixed-rate and ARM loans for both permanent structures and those under construction.  During the year ended September 30, 2013, the Company originated $2.4 million of ARM loans and $44.4 million of fixed-rate loans secured by one- to four-family residential real estate.  The Company’s one- to four-family residential mortgage originations are secured primarily by properties located in its primary market area and surrounding areas.

The Company originates one- to four-family residential mortgage loans with terms up to a maximum of 30-years and with loan-to-value ratios up to 100% of the lesser of the appraised value of the security property or the contract price.  The Company generally requires that private mortgage insurance be obtained in an amount sufficient to reduce the Company’s exposure to at or below the 80% loan‑to‑value level, unless the loan is insured by the Federal Housing Administration, guaranteed by Veterans Affairs or guaranteed by the Rural Housing Administration.  Residential loans generally do not include prepayment penalties.

The Company currently offers one, three, five, seven and ten year ARM loans.  These loans have a fixed-rate for the stated period and, thereafter, such loans adjust annually.  These loans generally provide for an annual cap of up to 200 basis points and a lifetime cap of 600 basis points over the initial rate.  As a consequence of using an initial fixed-rate and caps, the interest rates on these loans may not be as rate sensitive as the Company’s cost of funds.  The Company’s ARMs do not permit negative amortization of principal and are not convertible into a fixed rate loan.  The Company’s delinquency experience on its ARM loans has generally been similar to its experience on fixed-rate residential loans.  The current low mortgage interest rate environment makes ARM loans relatively unattractive and very few are originated.

Due to consumer demand, the Company also offers fixed-rate mortgage loans with terms up to 30 years, most of which conform to secondary market, i.e., Fannie Mae, Ginnie Mae, and Freddie Mac standards.  Interest rates charged on these fixed-rate loans are competitively priced according to market conditions.

In underwriting one- to four-family residential real estate loans, the Company evaluates both the borrower’s ability to make monthly payments and the value of the property securing the loan.  Properties securing real estate loans made by the Company are appraised by independent appraisers approved by the Board of Directors.  The Company generally requires borrowers to obtain an attorney’s title opinion or title insurance, and fire and property insurance (including flood insurance, if necessary) in an amount not less than the amount of the loan.  Real estate loans originated by the Company generally contain a “due on sale” clause allowing the Company to declare the unpaid principal balance due and payable upon the sale of the security property.  The Company has not engaged in sub-prime residential mortgage originations.

Commercial and Multi-Family Real Estate Lending.  The Company engages in commercial and multi-family real estate lending in its primary market area and surrounding areas and, in order to supplement its loan portfolio, has purchased whole loan and participation interests in loans from other financial institutions.  At September 30, 2013, the Company’s commercial and multi-family real estate loan portfolio totaled $192.8 million, or 50.1% of the Company’s total loans.  The purchased loans and loan participation interests are generally secured by properties located in the Midwest and West.  See “Originations, Purchases, Sales and Servicing of Loans and Mortgage-Backed Securities.”  The Company purchased $4.7 million, $7.7 million and $5.5 million, of such loans during fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  At September 30, 2013, $0.4, or 0.2% of the Company’s commercial and multi‑family real estate loans, were non-performing.  See “Non-Performing Assets, Other Loans of Concern and Classified Assets.”
The Company’s commercial and multi-family real estate loan portfolio is secured primarily by apartment buildings, office buildings, and hotels.  Commercial and multi-family real estate loans generally are underwritten with terms that do not exceed 20 years, have loan-to-value ratios of up to 80% of the appraised value of the security property, and are typically secured by personal guarantees of the borrowers.  The Company has a variety of rate adjustment features and other terms in its commercial and multi-family real estate loan portfolio.  Commercial and multi-family real estate loans provide for a margin over a number of different indices.  In underwriting these loans, the Company currently analyzes the financial condition of the borrower, the borrower’s credit history, and the reliability and predictability of the cash flow generated by the property securing the loan.  Appraisals on properties securing commercial real estate loans originated by the Company are performed by independent appraisers.

At September 30, 2013, the Company’s largest commercial and multi-family real estate loan was a $16.6 million loan secured by real estate.  At September 30, 2013, the average outstanding principal balance of a commercial or multi-family real estate loan held by the Company was approximately $763,000.

Commercial and multi-family real estate loans generally present a higher level of risk than loans secured by one- to four-family residences.  This greater risk is due to several factors, including the concentration of principal in a limited number of loans and borrowers, the effect of general economic conditions on income producing properties and the increased difficulty of evaluating and monitoring these types of loans.  Furthermore, the repayment of loans secured by commercial and multi-family real estate is typically dependent upon the successful operation of the related real estate project.  If the cash flow from the project is reduced (for example, if leases are not obtained or renewed, or a bankruptcy court modifies a lease term, or a major tenant is unable to fulfill its lease obligations), the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired.  At September 30, 2013, the Bank’s nonresidential real estate loans totaled 104% of risk-based capital.

Agricultural Lending.  The Company originates loans to finance the purchase of farmland, livestock, farm machinery and equipment, seed, fertilizer and other farm related products.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had agricultural real estate loans secured by farmland of $29.6 million or 7.7% of the Company’s total loans.  At the same date, $33.8 million, or 8.8% of the Company’s total loans, consisted of secured loans related to agricultural operations.  Agricultural related lending constituted 16.4% of total loans.

Agricultural operating loans are originated at either an adjustable or fixed-rate of interest for up to a one year term or, in the case of livestock, upon sale.  Such loans provide for payments of principal and interest at least annually or a lump sum payment upon maturity if the original term is less than one year.  Loans secured by agricultural machinery are generally originated as fixed-rate loans with terms of up to seven years.  At September 30, 2013, the average outstanding principal balance of an agricultural operating loan held by the Company was $168,000.  At September 30, 2013, none of the Company’s agricultural operating loans were non-performing.

Agricultural real estate loans are frequently originated with adjustable rates of interest.  Generally, such loans provide for a fixed rate of interest for the first five to ten years, which then balloon or adjust annually thereafter.  In addition, such loans generally amortize over a period of 20 to 25 years.  Fixed-rate agricultural real estate loans generally have terms up to ten years.  Agricultural real estate loans are generally limited to 75% of the value of the property securing the loan.  At September 30, 2013, none of the Company’s agricultural real estate loans were non-performing.
Agricultural lending affords the Company the opportunity to earn yields higher than those obtainable on one- to four-family residential lending.  Agricultural lending involves a greater degree of risk than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans because of the typically larger loan amount.  In addition, payments on loans are dependent on the successful operation or management of the farm property securing the loan or for which an operating loan is utilized.  The success of the loan may also be affected by many factors outside the control of the borrower.

Weather presents one of the greatest risks as hail, drought, floods, or other conditions, can severely limit crop yields and thus impair loan repayments and the value of the underlying collateral.  This risk can be reduced by the farmer with a variety of insurance coverages which can help to ensure loan repayment.  Government support programs and the Company generally require that farmers procure crop insurance coverage.  Grain and livestock prices also present a risk as prices may decline prior to sale resulting in a failure to cover production costs.  These risks may be reduced by the farmer with the use of futures contracts or options to mitigate price risk.  The Company frequently requires borrowers to use futures contracts or options to reduce price risk and help ensure loan repayment.  Another risk is the uncertainty of government programs and other regulations.  During periods of low commodity prices, the income from government programs can be a significant source of cash for the borrower to make loan payments, and if these programs are discontinued or significantly changed, cash flow problems or defaults could result.  Finally, many farms are dependent on a limited number of key individuals upon whose injury or death may result in an inability to successfully operate the farm.

Consumer Lending.  The Company, through the auspices of its “Retail Bank” (generally referring to the Company’s operations in our four market areas discussed above), originates a variety of secured consumer loans, including home equity, home improvement, automobile, boat and loans secured by savings deposits.  In addition, the Retail Bank offers other secured and unsecured consumer loans.  The Retail Bank currently originates most of its consumer loans in its primary market area and surrounding areas.  At September 30, 2013, the Retail Bank’s consumer loan portfolio totaled $16.3 million, or 4.2% of its total loans.  Of the consumer loan portfolio at September 30, 2013, $8.8 million were short- and intermediate-term, fixed-rate loans, while $7.6 million were adjustable-rate loans.

The largest component of the Retail Bank’s consumer loan portfolio consists of home equity loans and lines of credit.  Substantially all of the Retail Bank’s home equity loans and lines of credit are secured by second mortgages on principal residences.  The Retail Bank will lend amounts which, together with all prior liens, may be up to 90% of the appraised value of the property securing the loan.  Home equity loans and lines of credit generally have maximum terms of five years.

The Retail Bank primarily originates automobile loans on a direct basis.  Direct loans are loans made when the Retail Bank extends credit directly to the borrower, as opposed to indirect loans, which are made when the Retail Bank purchases loan contracts, often at a discount, from automobile dealers which have extended credit to their customers.  The Bank’s automobile loans typically are originated at fixed interest rates with terms up to 60 months for new and used vehicles.  Loans secured by automobiles are generally originated for up to 80% of the N.A.D.A. book value of the automobile securing the loan.

Consumer loan terms vary according to the type and value of collateral, length of contract and creditworthiness of the borrower.  The underwriting standards employed by the Bank for consumer loans include an application, a determination of the applicant’s payment history on other debts and an assessment of ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the proposed loan.  Although creditworthiness of the applicant is a primary consideration, the underwriting process also includes a comparison of the value of the security, if any, in relation to the proposed loan amount.
Consumer loans may entail greater credit risk than residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans which are unsecured or are secured by rapidly depreciable assets, such as automobiles or recreational equipment.  In such cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation.  In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and thus more likely to be affected by adverse personal circumstances.  Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount which can be recovered on such loans.  At September 30, 2013, none of the Bank’s consumer loans were non-performing.

Consumer Lending - MPS.  MPS has a loan committee consisting of members of Executive Management.  This committee, known as the MPS Credit Committee, is charged with monitoring, evaluating, and reporting portfolio performance and the overall credit risk posed by its credit products. All proposed credit programs must first be reviewed and approved by the committee before such programs are presented to the Bank’s Board of Directors for approval.  The Board of Directors of the Bank is ultimately responsible for final approval of any credit program and, under the terms of a Consent Order, must seek prior permission from the Bank’s primary federal regulator to originate new credit programs.  For a summary of the Consent Orders and related matters; see “Regulation - Bank Supervision and Regulation – Consent Orders and Related Matters.”

At September 30, 2013, the Bank’s MPS consumer loan portfolio totaled $14.0 million, or 3.6% of total loans.  Of the MPS consumer loan portfolio at September 30, 2013, $11.3 million were short- and intermediate-term, fixed-rate loans, while $2.6 million were adjustable-rate loans.

The Company believes that well-managed, nationwide credit programs can help meet legitimate credit needs for prime and sub-prime borrowers, and affords the Company an opportunity to diversify the loan portfolio and minimize earnings exposure due to economic downturns.  Therefore, subject to the Consent Order referenced above, MPS designs and administers certain credit programs that seek to accomplish these objectives.

MPS has strived to offer consumers innovative payment products, including credit products.  Most credit products have fallen into the category of portfolio lending.  MPS continues to work on new alternative portfolio lending products striving to serve its core customer base and provide unique and innovative lending solutions to the unbanked and under-banked segment.  This effort has been supported by recent enhancements to the MPS Credit Policy for Portfolio Lending Programs.  See “Regulation - Bank Supervision and Regulation - Consent Orders and Related Matters.”

A Portfolio Credit Policy which has been approved by the Board of Directors governs portfolio credit initiatives undertaken by MPS, whereby the Company retains some or all receivables and relies on the borrower as the underlying source of repayment.  Several portfolio lending programs also have a contractual provision that requires the Bank to be indemnified for credit losses that meet or exceed predetermined levels.  Such a program carries additional risks not commonly found in sponsorship programs, specifically funding and credit risk.  Therefore, MPS has strived to employ policies, procedures, and information systems that it believes are commensurate with the added risk and exposure.  Due to supervisory directives and a Consent Order initiated by our former regulator, an MPS lending program – iAdvance – was eliminated effective October 13, 2010.  In addition, our third party relationship programs have been limited to third party relationships in existence at the time the directives were issued, absent prior approval to engage in new relationships.  For additional discussion, see “Regulation – Bank Supervision and Regulation – Consent Orders and Related Matters.”
The Company recognizes that concentrations of credit may naturally occur and may take the form of a large volume of related loans to an individual, a specific industry, a geographic location, or an occupation.  Credit concentration is a direct, indirect, or contingent obligation that has a common bond where the aggregate exposure equals or exceeds a certain percentage of the Bank’s Tier 1 Capital plus the Allowance for Loan Losses.

The MPS Credit Committee monitors and identifies the credit concentrations and evaluates the specific nature of each concentration to determine the potential risk to the Bank.  An evaluation includes the following:
 
· A recommendation regarding additional controls needed to mitigate the concentration exposure.
 
· A limitation or cap placed on the size of the concentration.
 
· The potential necessity for increased capital and/or credit reserves to cover the increased risk caused by the concentration(s).
 
· A strategy to reduce to acceptable levels those concentration(s) that are determined to create undue risk to the Bank.

Pursuant to the terms of its Consent Order, the Bank adopted a new concentration policy including enhanced risk analysis, monitoring and management for its respective concentration limits.

Commercial Operating Lending.  The Company also originates commercial operating loans.  Most of the Company’s commercial operating loans have been extended to finance local and regional businesses and include short-term loans to finance machinery and equipment purchases, inventory and accounts receivable.  Commercial loans also involve the extension of revolving credit for a combination of equipment acquisitions and working capital in expanding companies.  At September 30, 2013, $16.3 million, or 4.2% of the Company’s total loans, was comprised of commercial operating loans.

The maximum term for loans extended on machinery and equipment is based on the projected useful life of such machinery and equipment.  Generally, the maximum term on non-mortgage lines of credit is one year.  The loan-to-value ratio on such loans and lines of credit generally may not exceed 80% of the value of the collateral securing the loan.  The Company’s commercial operating lending policy includes credit file documentation and analysis of the borrower’s character, capacity to repay the loan, the adequacy of the borrower’s capital and collateral as well as an evaluation of conditions affecting the borrower.  Analysis of the borrower’s past, present and future cash flows is also an important aspect of the Company’s current credit analysis.  Nonetheless, such loans are believed to carry higher credit risk than more traditional lending activities.

The largest commercial operating exposure outstanding at September 30, 2013 was $8.4 million in loan relationships secured by business assets of the borrower.  The next largest commercial operating exposure outstanding at September 30, 2013 was $7.4 million in loan relationships secured by assets of the borrower.  At September 30, 2013, the average outstanding principal balance of a commercial operating loan held by the Company was approximately $91,000.
Unlike residential mortgage loans, which generally are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from his or her employment and other income and which are secured by real property whose value tends to be more easily ascertainable, commercial operating loans typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business.  As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial operating loans may be substantially dependent on the success of the business itself (which, in turn, is likely to be dependent upon the general economic environment).  The Company’s commercial operating loans are usually, but not always, secured by business assets and personal guarantees.  However, the collateral securing the loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based on the success of the business.  At September 30, 2013, $7,000, or 0.1%, of the Company’s commercial operating loans were non-performing.

Originations, Purchases, Sales and Servicing of Loans

Loans are generally originated by the Company’s staff of loan officers.  Loan applications are taken and processed in the branches and the main office of the Company.  While the Company originates both adjustable-rate and fixed-rate loans, its ability to originate loans is dependent upon the relative customer demand for loans in its market.  Demand is affected by the interest rate and economic environment.

The Company, from time to time, sells whole loans and loan participations, generally without recourse.  At September 30, 2013, there were no loans outstanding sold with recourse.  When loans are sold, the Company sometimes retains the responsibility for collecting and remitting loan payments, making certain that real estate tax payments are made on behalf of borrowers, and otherwise servicing the loans.  The servicing fee is recognized as income over the life of the loans.  The Company services loans that it originated and sold totaling $17.3 million at September 30, 2013, of which $7.4 million were sold to Fannie Mae and $9.9 million were sold to others.

In periods of economic uncertainty, the Company’s ability to originate large dollar volumes of loans may be substantially reduced or restricted, with a resultant decrease in related loan origination fees, other fee income and operating earnings.  In addition, the Company’s ability to sell loans may substantially decrease if potential buyers (principally government agencies) reduce their purchasing activities.

The following table shows the loan originations (including undisbursed portions of loans in process and allowance for loan loss activity), purchases, and sales and repayment activities of the Company for the periods indicated.
 
 
Years Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
 
Originations by Type:
 
   
   
 
Adjustable Rate:
 
   
   
 
1-4 Family Real Estate
 
$
2,378
   
$
5,244
   
$
4,793
 
Commercial and Multi-Family Real Estate
   
3,983
     
12,410
     
3,169
 
Agricultural Real Estate
   
3,858
     
2,503
     
2,242
 
Consumer
   
1
     
2,360
     
6,219
 
Commercial Operating
   
2,690
     
29,185
     
22,492
 
Agricultural Operating
   
8,579
     
40,085
     
31,318
 
Total Adjustable Rate
   
21,489
     
91,787
     
70,233
 
 
                       
Fixed Rate:
                       
1-4 Family Real Estate
   
44,382
     
41,397
     
33,563
 
Commercial and Multi-Family Real Estate
   
55,868
     
67,461
     
28,282
 
Agricultural Real Estate
   
12,442
     
2,705
     
9,158
 
Consumer
   
674
     
779,233
     
969,203
 
Commercial Operating
   
4,219
     
6,493
     
3,444
 
Agricultural Operating
   
15,358
     
39,286
     
49,883
 
Total Fixed-Rate
   
132,943
     
936,575
     
1,093,533
 
Total Loans Originated
   
154,432
     
1,028,362
     
1,163,766
 
 
                       
Purchases:
                       
Commercial and Multi-Family Real Estate
   
4,699
     
7,697
     
5,523
 
Agricultural Real Estate
   
-
     
-
     
61
 
Commercial Operating
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
-
     
236
 
Total Loans Purchased
   
4,699
     
7,697
     
5,820
 
 
                       
 
                       
Sales and Repayments:
                       
Sales:
                       
1-4 Family Real Estate
   
-
     
-
     
3,439
 
Commercial and Multi-Family Real Estate
   
7,140
     
-
     
-
 
Consumer
   
12,782
     
638,025
     
894,605
 
Total Loan Sales
   
19,922
     
638,025
     
898,044
 
 
                       
Repayments:
                       
Loan Principal Repayments
   
85,426
     
386,278
     
324,128
 
Total Principal Repayments
   
85,426
     
386,278
     
324,128
 
Total Reductions
   
105,348
     
1,024,303
     
1,222,172
 
 
                       
Increase in Other Items, Net
   
(336
)
   
815
     
951
 
Net Increase (decrease)
 
$
53,447
   
$
12,571
   
$
(51,635
)

At September 30, 2013, approximately $13.0 million, or 3.4%, of the Company’s loan portfolio consisted of purchased loans.  The Company believes that purchasing loans outside of its market area assists the Company in diversifying its portfolio and may lessen the adverse effects on the Company’s business or operations which could result in the event of a downturn or weakening of the local economy in which the Company conducts its primary operations.  However, additional risks are associated with purchasing loans outside of the Company’s market area, including the lack of knowledge of the local market and difficulty in monitoring and inspecting the property securing the loans.

At September 30, 2013, the Company’s purchased loans were secured by properties located, as a percentage of total loans, as follows:  1% each in Oregon, North Dakota, and South Dakota and the remaining 1% among seven other states.

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012, the Company no longer participated in sponsorship loan programs, thus reducing consumer loan originations.

Non-Performing Assets, Other Loans of Concern, and Classified Assets

When a borrower fails to make a required payment on real estate secured loans and consumer loans within 16 days after the payment is due, the Company generally initiates collection procedures by mailing a delinquency notice.  The customer is contacted again, by written notice or telephone, before the payment is 30 days past due and again before 60 days past due.  Generally, delinquencies are cured promptly; however, if a loan has been delinquent for more than 90 days, satisfactory payment arrangements must be adhered to or the Company will initiate foreclosure or repossession.

The following table sets forth the Company’s loan delinquencies by type, by amount and by percentage of type at September 30, 2013.
 
 
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
Loans Delinquent For:
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
 
 
30-59 Days
   
60-89 Days
   
90 Days and Over
 
 
 
   
   
Percent
   
   
   
Percent
   
   
   
Percent
 
 
 
   
   
of
   
   
   
of
   
   
   
of
 
 
 
Number
   
Amount
   
Category
   
Number
   
Amount
   
Category
   
Number
   
Amount
   
Category
 
 
 
   
   
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
   
   
   
 
Real Estate:
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
1-4 Family
   
3
   
$
53
     
3.9
%
   
-
   
$
-
     
0.0
%
   
1
   
$
245
     
67.1
%
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
1
     
102
     
7.6
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
1
     
107
     
29.3
%
Agricultural Real Estate
   
1
     
1,169
     
86.4
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
Consumer
   
2
     
29
     
2.1
%
   
1
     
21
     
100.0
%
   
1
     
13
     
3.6
%
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
Commercial Operating
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
-
     
0.0
%
Total
   
7
   
$
1,353
     
100.0
%
   
1
   
$
21
     
100.0
%
   
3
   
$
365
     
100.0
%

Delinquencies 90 days and over constituted 0.1% of total loans and less than 0.1% of total assets.
 
Generally, when a loan becomes delinquent 90 days or more or when the collection of principal or interest becomes doubtful, the Company will place the loan on a non-accrual status and, as a result, previously accrued interest income on the loan is reversed against current income.  The loan will remain on a non-accrual status until the loan becomes current and has demonstrated a sustained period of satisfactory performance.
The table below sets forth the amounts and categories of the Company’s non-performing assets.
 
 
 
At September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
Non-Performing Loans
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
Non-Accruing Loans:
 
   
   
   
   
 
1-4 Family
 
$
245
   
$
307
   
$
85
   
$
39
   
$
266
 
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
427
     
1,423
     
13,025
     
4,137
     
11,512
 
Agricultural Real Estate
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
2,650
     
-
 
Consumer
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
400
     
-
 
Commercial Operating
   
7
     
18
     
30
     
241
     
871
 
Total
   
679
     
1,748
     
13,140
     
7,467
     
12,649
 
 
                                       
Accruing Loans Delinquent 90 Days or More:
                                       
1-4 Family
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
404
     
-
 
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
257
     
-
 
Consumer
   
13
     
63
     
24
     
124
     
-
 
Commercial Operating
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total
   
13
     
63
     
24
     
785
     
-
 
 
                                       
Restructured Loans:
                                       
1-4 Family
   
-
     
-
     
42
     
-
     
-
 
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total
   
-
     
-
     
42
     
-
     
-
 
 
                                       
Total Non-Performing Loans
   
692
     
1,811
     
13,206
     
8,252
     
12,649
 
 
                                       
Other Assets
                                       
 
                                       
Non-Accruing Investments:
                                       
Trust Preferred Securities
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
150
     
-
 
Total
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
150
     
-
 
 
                                       
Foreclosed Assets:
                                       
1-4 Family
   
-
     
9
     
451
     
143
     
-
 
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
116
     
827
     
181
     
606
     
957
 
Agricultural Real Estate
   
-
     
-
     
2,020
     
-
     
-
 
Commercial Operating
   
-
     
2
     
19
     
546
     
1,096
 
Total
   
116
     
838
     
2,671
     
1,295
     
2,053
 
 
                                       
Total Other Assets
   
116
     
838
     
2,671
     
1,445
     
2,053
 
 
                                       
Total Non-Performing Assets
 
$
808
   
$
2,649
   
$
15,877
   
$
9,697
   
$
14,702
 
Total as a Percentage of Total Assets
   
0.05
%
   
0.16
%
   
1.24
%
   
0.94
%
   
1.76
%

For the year ended September 30, 2013, gross interest income which would have been recorded had the non-accruing loans been current in accordance with their original terms amounted to approximately $38,000, of which none was included in interest income.
Non-Accruing Loans.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had $0.7 million in non-accruing loans, which constituted 0.2% of the Company’s gross loan portfolio, or less than 0.1% of total assets.  At September 30, 2012, the Company had $1.7 million in non-accruing loans which constituted 0.5% of its gross loan portfolio, or 0.1% of total assets.  The fiscal 2013 decrease in non-performing loans relates to a decrease in non-accruing loans in the commercial and multifamily category from $1.4 million to $0.4 million.  There is one commercial and multi-family loan in non-accrual status at September 30, 2013.

Accruing Loans Delinquent 90 Days or More.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had $13,000 in accruing loans delinquent 90 days or more.

Classified Assets.  Federal regulations provide for the classification of loans and other assets such as debt and equity securities considered by our regulator, the OCC, to be of lesser quality as “substandard,” “doubtful” or “loss.”  An asset is considered “substandard” if it is inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any.  “Substandard” assets include those characterized by the “distinct possibility” that the Bank will sustain “some loss” if the deficiencies are not corrected.  Assets classified as “doubtful” have all of the weaknesses inherent in those classified “substandard,” with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make “collection or liquidation in full,” on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, “highly questionable and improbable.”  Assets classified as “loss” are those considered “uncollectible” and of such minimal value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific loss reserve is not warranted.

General allowances represent loss allowances which have been established to recognize the inherent risk associated with lending activities, but which, unlike specific allowances, have not been allocated to particular problem assets.  When assets are classified as “loss,” the Bank is required either to establish a specific allowance for losses equal to 100% of that portion of the asset so classified or to charge-off such amount.  The Bank’s determinations as to the classification of its assets and the amount of its valuation allowances are subject to review by its regulatory authorities, who may order the establishment of additional general or specific loss allowances.

On the basis of management’s review of its classified assets, at September 30, 2013, the Company had classified loans of $7.6 million as substandard, none as doubtful or loss, and $116,000 of real estate owned or other foreclosed assets.

Allowance for Loan Losses.  The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses based on management’s evaluation of the risk inherent in its loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of its loan activity, including those loans which are being specifically monitored by management.  Such evaluation, which includes a review of loans for which full collectability may not be reasonably assured, considers, among other matters, the estimated fair value of the underlying collateral, economic conditions, historical loan loss experience and other factors that warrant recognition in providing for an adequate loan loss allowance.

Management closely monitors economic developments both regionally and nationwide, and considers these factors when assessing the adequacy of its allowance for loan losses.  The economic slowdown, which recently has shown some signs of abating, continues to strain the financial condition of some borrowers.  Management therefore believes that future losses in the residential portfolio may be somewhat higher than historical experience.  It should be noted that a sizeable portion of the Company’s consumer loan portfolio is secured by residential real estate.  Over the past three years, loss rates in the commercial and multi-family real estate market have remained moderate.  Management believes that future losses in this portfolio may be somewhat higher than recent historical experience.  Loss rates in the agricultural real estate and agricultural operating loan portfolios have been minimal in the past three years primarily due to higher commodity prices as well as above average yields which have created positive economic conditions for most farmers in our markets.  Nonetheless, management still expects that future losses in this portfolio, which have been very low, could be higher than recent historical experience.  Management believes that various levels of drought weather conditions within our markets have the potential to negatively impact potential yields which would have a negative economic effect on our agricultural markets.  In addition, management believes the continuing low growth environment may also negatively impact consumers’ repayment capacities.
The allowance for loan losses established by MPS results from an estimation process that evaluates relevant characteristics of its credit portfolio(s).  MPS also considers other internal and external environmental factors such as changes in operations or personnel and economic events that may affect the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses.  Adjustments to the allowance for loan losses are recorded periodically based on the result of this estimation process.  The methodology to determine the allowance for loan losses for each program is not identical.  Each program may have differing attributes including such factors as levels of risk, definitions of delinquency and loss, inclusion/exclusion of credit bureau criteria, roll rate migration dynamics, and other factors.  Similarly, the additional capital required to offset the increased risk in subprime lending activities may vary by credit program.  Each program is evaluated separately.  The increased charge-offs in fiscal 2010 for MPS credit resulted primarily from borrowers in a pre-season tax-related program that peaked in January 2010.  Management pro-actively established a provision for loan losses for these loans during the tax pre-season offering period.  The majority of the charge-offs for these pre-season tax loans were recorded in the third quarter of fiscal 2010.  A reduction in charge-offs in the MPS loan portfolio during fiscal 2013 and 2012 is due to the discontinuance of iAdvance and tax-related loan programs in October 2010.

Management believes that, based on a detailed review of the loan portfolio, historic loan losses, current economic conditions, the size of the loan portfolio, and other factors, the current level of the allowance for loan losses at September 30, 2013 reflects an appropriate allowance against probable losses from the loan portfolio.  Although the Company maintains its allowance for loan losses at a level that it considers to be adequate, investors and others are cautioned that there can be no assurance that future losses will not exceed estimated amounts, or that additional provisions for loan losses will not be required in future periods.  In addition, the Company’s determination of the allowance for loan losses is subject to review by its bank regulator, the OCC, which can require the establishment of additional general or specific allowances.

Real estate properties acquired through foreclosure are recorded at fair value.  If fair value at the date of foreclosure is lower than the balance of the related loan, the difference will be charged to the allowance for loan losses at the time of transfer.  Valuations are periodically updated by management and, if the value declines, a specific provision for losses on such property is established by a charge to operations.
The following table sets forth an analysis of the Company’s allowance for loan losses.
 
 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
Balance at Beginning of Period
 
$
3,971
   
$
4,926
   
$
5,234
   
$
6,993
   
$
5,732
 
 
                                       
Charge Offs:
                                       
1-4 Family
   
(25
)
   
(3
)
   
(229
)
   
(185
)
   
(28
)
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
(194
)
   
(2,094
)
   
(61
)
   
(6,979
)
   
(2,052
)
Consumer
   
(1
)
   
(6
)
   
(774
)
   
(12,139
)
   
(8,168
)
Commercial Operating
   
-
     
-
     
(43
)
   
(102
)
   
(7,685
)
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(151
)
Total Charge Offs
   
(220
)
   
(2,103
)
   
(1,107
)
   
(19,405
)
   
(18,084
)
Recoveries:
                                       
1-4 Family
   
2
     
1
     
-
     
1
     
465
 
Commercial & Multi-Family
   
113
     
40
     
102
     
-
     
-
 
Consumer
   
1
     
4
     
419
     
1,242
     
90
 
Commercial Operating
   
63
     
4
     
-
     
402
     
39
 
Agricultural Operating
   
-
     
50
     
-
     
210
     
38
 
Total Recoveries
   
179
     
99
     
521
     
1,855
     
632
 
 
                                       
Net Charge Offs
   
(41
)
   
(2,004
)
   
(586
)
   
(17,550
)
   
(17,452
)
Provision Charged to Expense
   
-
     
1,049
     
278
     
15,791
     
18,713
 
Balance at End of Period
 
$
3,930
   
$
3,971
   
$
4,926
   
$
5,234
   
$
6,993
 
 
                                       
Ratio of Net Charge Offs During the Period to Average Loans Outstanding During the Period
   
0.01
%
   
0.61
%
   
0.17
%
   
4.36
%
   
4.12
%
 
                                       
Ratio of Net Charge Offs During the Period to Non-Performing Assets at Year End
   
5.07
%
   
75.65
%
   
3.69
%
   
180.98
%
   
118.70
%

For more information on the Provision for Loan Losses, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” which is included in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The distribution of the Company’s allowance for losses on loans at the dates indicated is summarized as follows:
 
 
 
At September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
 
 
Amount
   
Percent of Loans in Each Category of Total Loans
   
Amount
   
Percent of Loans in Each Category of Total Loans
   
Amount
   
Percent of Loans in Each Category of Total Loans
   
Amount
   
Percent of Loans in Each Category of Total Loans
   
Amount
   
Percent of Loans in Each Category of Total Loans
 
 
 
   
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
   
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
One-to-Four Family Real Estate
 
$
333
     
21.4
%
 
$
193
     
14.8
%
 
$
165
     
10.7
%
 
$
50
     
11.0
%
 
$
59
     
12.2
%
Commercial & Multi-Family Real Estate
   
1,937
     
50.1
%
   
3,113
     
58.0
%
   
3,901
     
60.9
%
   
3,053
     
55.1
%
   
4,231
     
58.3
%
Agricultural Real Estate
   
112
     
7.6
%
   
1
     
6.0
%
   
-
     
6.3
%
   
111
     
7.0
%
   
111
     
6.7
%
Consumer
   
74
     
7.9
%
   
3
     
9.9
%
   
16
     
10.8
%
   
738
     
12.9
%
   
243
     
9.0
%
Agricultural Operating
   
267
     
8.8
%
   
-
     
6.3
%
   
67
     
6.6
%
   
125
     
8.7
%
   
569
     
7.0
%
Commercial Operating
   
49
     
4.2
%
   
49
     
5.0
%
   
36
     
4.7
%
   
131
     
5.3
%
   
792
     
6.8
%
Unallocated
   
1,158
     
-
     
612
     
-
     
741
     
-
     
1,026
     
-
     
988
     
-
 
Total
 
$
3,930
     
100.0
%
 
$
3,971
     
100.0
%
 
$
4,926
     
100.0
%
 
$
5,234
     
100.0
%
 
$
6,993
     
100.0
%

Investment Activities

General.  The investment policy of the Company generally is to invest funds among various categories of investments and maturities based upon the Company’s need for liquidity, to achieve the proper balance between its desire to minimize risk and maximize yield, to provide collateral for borrowings, and to fulfill the Company’s asset/liability management policies.  The Company’s investment and mortgage-backed securities portfolios are managed in accordance with a written investment policy adopted by the Board of Directors, which is implemented by members of the Company’s Investment Committee.  As a result, the Company closely monitors balances in these accounts, and maintains a portfolio of highly liquid assets to fund potential deposit outflows.  To date, the Company has not experienced any significant outflows related to MPS, though no assurance can be given that this will continue to be the case.

On May 6, 2013, the Company reclassified approximately $284.3 million from the available-for-sale to the held-to-maturity category.  The reclassification resulted in the recording of an unrealized gain of $2.1 million which has been segregated within accumulated other comprehensive income and is being amortized through maturity.  For additional information regarding the Company’s investment and mortgage-backed securities portfolios, see Notes 1 and 3 to the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” which is included in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

As of September 30, 2013, investment and mortgage-backed securities with fair values of approximately $409.6 million and $145.3 million were pledged as collateral for the Bank’s Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines (“FHLB”) advances and Federal Reserve Bank (“FRB”) advances, respectively.  For additional information regarding the Company’s collateralization of borrowings, see Notes 8 and 9 to the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statement,” which is included in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Investment Securities.  It is the Company’s general policy to purchase investment securities which are U.S. Government securities, U.S. government agency and instrumentality securities, state and local government obligations, commercial paper, corporate debt securities and overnight federal funds.

Beginning in June 2012, the Company began executing a strategy designed to diversify the Bank’s investment security portfolio.  This strategy involved purchasing other investments, primarily non-bank qualified municipal bond securities.  The Company believes this diversification reduces the risk in the portfolio by spreading its investable dollars amongst a broader range of investment types and takes advantage of the Company’s innovative funding structure.  As of September 30, 2013, the Company had total investment securities, excluding mortgage-backed securities, with an amortized cost of $531.2 million compared to $435.0 million as of September 30, 2012.
The largest portion of this new investment strategy involved the purchase of non-bank qualified obligations of political subdivisions.  These bonds are issued in larger denominations than bank qualified obligations of political subdivisions which allows for the purchase of larger blocks.  These larger blocks of municipal bonds are in turn more liquid and salable, which helps reduce price risk.  These municipal bonds are tax exempt and as such have a tax equivalent yield higher than their book yield.  The tax equivalent yield calculation uses the Company’s cost of funds as one of its components.  With this cost of funds being low due to the volume of interest free deposits generated by the MPS division, the tax equivalent yield for these bonds is higher than a similar term investment in other investment categories.

As of September 30, 2013 the Company had non-bank qualified obligations of political subdivisions of $420.3 million representing 82% of total investment securities, excluding mortgage‑backed securities.  This amount is spread amongst 41 states with Texas being the only state with a concentration higher than 10% of this total at 12%.  The Company has no direct municipal bond exposure to California or Puerto Rico. Management believes this geographical diversification lessens the credit risk associated with these investments.

The following table sets forth the carrying value of the Company’s investment security portfolio, excluding mortgage-backed securities and other equity securities, at the dates indicated.
 
 
 
At September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
 
Investment Securities AFS
 
   
   
 
Trust preferred and corporate securities (1)
 
$
48,784
   
$
65,497
   
$
22,112
 
Asset backed securities
   
-
     
41,324
     
-
 
Agency and instrumentality securities
   
-
     
39,467
     
-
 
Small business administration securities
   
10,581
     
19,914
     
-
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
1,727
     
13,153
     
6,218
 
Non-bank qualified obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
238,729
     
255,895
     
-
 
Subtotal AFS
   
299,821
     
435,250
     
28,330
 
 
                       
Investment Securities HTM
                       
Agency and instrumentality securities
 
$
10,003
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions*
   
19,549
     
-
     
-
 
Non-bank qualified obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
181,547
     
-
     
-
 
Subtotal HTM
   
211,099
     
-
     
-
 
 
                       
FHLB Stock
   
9,994
     
2,120
     
4,737
 
 
                       
Total Investment Securities and FHLB Stock
 
$
520,914
   
$
437,370
   
$
33,067
 
 
                       
Other Interest-Earning Assets:
                       
Interest bearing deposits in other financial institutions and Federal Funds Sold (2)
 
$
64,732
   
$
128,056
   
$
271,621
 

* Includes $2,649,009 of taxable obligations of states and political subdivisions
(1) Within the trust preferred securities presented above, there are no securities from individual issuers that exceed 5% of the Company’s total equity.  The name and the aggregate market value of securities of each individual issuer as of September 30, 2013 are as follows:  Key Corp Capital I, $4.10 million; PNC Capital Trust, $4.18 million; Huntington Capital Trust II, $4.08 million; Wells Fargo (fka Corestates Capital Trust) $4.05 million.

(2) The Company at times maintains balances in excess of insured limits (or with no federal insurance) at various financial institutions including the FHLB, the FRB and private institutions.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had no interest bearing deposits held at the FHLB and $64.7 million in interest bearing deposits held at the FRB, respectively.  At September 30, 2013, the Company had no federal funds sold at any private institution.

The composition and maturities of the Company’s investment securities portfolio, excluding equity securities, FHLB stock and mortgage-backed securities, are indicated in the following table.
 
 
 
September 30, 2013
 
 
 
1 Year or
Less
   
After 1
Year
Through 5
Years
   
After 5
Years
Through
10 Years
   
After
10 Years
   
Total Investment
Securities
 
 
 
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Fair
Value
 
Available for Sale
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Trust preferred and corporate securities
 
$
-
   
$
10,061
   
$
22,323
   
$
16,400
   
$
52,897
   
$
48,784
 
Agency and instrumentality securities
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Small business administration securities
   
-
     
-
     
10,581
     
-
     
10,099
     
10,581
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
-
     
-
     
591
     
1,136
     
1,880
     
1,727
 
Non-bank qualified obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
-
     
-
     
121,519
     
117,210
     
255,189
     
238,729
 
Total Investment Securities AFS
 
$
-
   
$
10,061
   
$
155,014
   
$
134,746
   
$
320,065
   
$
299,821
 
 
                                               
Weighted Average Yield (1)
   
0.00
%
   
1.47
%
   
2.65
%
   
2.92
%
   
1.94
%
   
2.73
%

 
 
September 30, 2013
 
 
 
1 Year or
 Less
   
After 1
Year
Through
5 Years
   
After 5
Years
Through
10 Years
   
After 10
Years
   
Total Investment Securities
 
 
 
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Carrying
Value
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Fair
Value
 
Held to Maturity
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Trust preferred and corporate securities
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Agency and instrumentality securities
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
10,003
     
10,003