10-K 1 qcrh20151231_10k.htm FORM 10-K qcrh20151231_10k.htm

 

U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Commission file number: 0-22208

 

QCR HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

(State of incorporation)

42-1397595

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

3551 7th Street, Moline, Illinois 61265

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(309) 743-7724

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

Common stock, $1.00 Par Value The NASDAQ Global Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:

Preferred Share Purchase Rights

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes [   ]          No [ X ]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.

Yes [   ]          No [ X ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for past 90 days. Yes [ X ] No [   ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes [ X ]          No [   ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ X ]

 

 
1

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  [   ]

 Accelerated filer  [ X ]

Non-accelerated filer  [   ]

Smaller reporting company  [   ]

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

Yes [   ]          No [ X ]     

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based on the last sales price quoted on The NASDAQ Global Market on June 30, 2015, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $235,581,715.

 

As of February 29, 2016, the Registrant had outstanding 11,812,011 shares of common stock, $1.00 par value per share.

 

Documents incorporated by reference:

Part III of Form 10-K - Proxy statement for annual meeting of stockholders to be held in May 2016.

 

 
2

 

 

QCR HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

INDEX

 

       

Page

Number(s)

Part I

     
 

Item 1.

Business

 

5

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

14

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

23

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

24

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

24

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

24

         

Part II

     
 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

25

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

 

27

 

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   
   

General

 

28

   

Executive Overview

 

28

   

Long-Term Financial Goals

 

29

   

Strategic Developments

 

30

   

GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations

 

32

   

Net Interest Income and Margin (Tax Equivalent Basis)

 

34

   

Critical Accounting Policies

 

37

   

Results of Operations

   
   

Interest Income

 

38

   

Interest Expense

 

38

   

Provision for Loan/Lease Losses

 

39

   

Noninterest Income

 

40

   

Noninterest Expense

 

43

   

Income Taxes

 

45

   

Financial Condition

   
   

Overview

 

45

   

Investment Securities

 

46

   

Loans/Leases

 

47

   

Allowance for Estimated Losses on Loans/Leases

 

48

   

Nonperforming Assets

 

51

   

Deposits

 

52

   

Short-Term Borrowings

 

52

   

FHLB Advances and Other Borrowings

 

53

   

Stockholders' Equity

 

54

   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

55

   

Commitments, Contingencies, Contractual Obligations, and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

56

   

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

 

57

   

Special Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

 

57

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

58

 

 
3

 

 

 

Item 8.

Consolidated Financial Statements

 

60

   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

62

   

Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013

 

63

   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013

  64
   

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013

  65
   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013

 

66

   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   
   

Note 1: Nature of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

 

68

   

Note 2: Community National Bancorporation and Community National Bank

 

83

   

Note 3: Investment Securities

 

88

   

Note 4: Loans/Leases Receivable

 

93

   

Note 5: Premises and Equipment

 

105

   

Note 6: Derivatives and Hedging Activities

 

105

   

Note 7: Deposits

 

106

   

Note 8: Short-Term Borrowings

 

107

   

Note 9: FHLB Advances

 

108

   

Note 10: Other Borrowings and Unused Lines of Credit

 

110

   

Note 11: Junior Subordinated Debentures

 

112

   

Note 12: Common Stock Offering and Balance Sheet Restructuring

 

113

   

Note 13: Federal and State Income Taxes

 

114

   

Note 14: Employee Benefit Plans

 

116

   

Note 15: Stock-Based Compensation

 

117

   

Note 16: Regulatory Capital Requirements and Restrictions on Dividends

 

120

   

Note 17: Earnings Per Share

 

122

   

Note 18: Commitments and Contingencies

 

123

   

Note 19: Quarterly Results of Operations (Unaudited)

 

125

   

Note 20: Parent Company Only Financial Statements

 

126

   

Note 21: Fair Value

 

129

   

Note 22: Business Segment Information

 

132

   

Note 23: Acquisition of Noncontrolling Interest in m2 Lease Funds

 

134

   

Note 24: Sale of Credit Card Loan Receivables and Credit Card Issuing Operations for QCBT

 

134

   

Note 25: Subsequent Event - Junior Subordinated Debentures Retirement and Balance Sheet Restructuring

 

134

         
 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

135

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

 

135

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

 

138

         

Part III

     
 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

138

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

 

138

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

138

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

139

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

139

         

Part IV

     
 

Item 15.

Exhibits

 

139

         

Signatures

   

143

 

Throughout the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and remaining sections of this Form 10-K (including appendices), we use certain acronyms and abbreviations, as defined in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
4

 

 

Part I 

 

Item 1.

Business

 

General. QCR Holdings, Inc. is a multi-bank holding company headquartered in Moline, Illinois, that was formed in February 1993 under the laws of the state of Delaware. The Company serves the Quad Cities, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo/Cedar Falls and Rockford communities through the following three wholly-owned banking subsidiaries, which provide full-service commercial and consumer banking and trust and asset management services:

 

 

QCBT, which is based in Bettendorf, Iowa, and commenced operations in 1994;

 

CRBT, which is based in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and commenced operations in 2001; and

 

RB&T, which is based in Rockford, Illinois, and commenced operations in 2005.

 

On May 13, 2013, the Company acquired Community National and its banking subsidiary, CNB. Community National and CNB commenced operations in 1997 and historically provided full-service commercial and consumer banking, and trust and asset management services, to Cedar Falls, Mason City, and Waterloo, Iowa and Austin, Minnesota. At acquisition, CNB had a total of eight branch facilities with four in the Waterloo/Cedar Falls area where CNB was headquartered, two in Mason City, and two in Austin. On October 4, 2013, the Company finalized the sale of the two branches in Mason City. On October 11, 2013, the Company finalized the sale of the two branches in Austin. On October 26, 2013, CNB merged with and into CRBT. CNB’s merged branch offices operate as a division of CRBT under the name “Community Bank & Trust.” In December 2013, one of the branch facilities in Cedar Falls was closed due to lack of sufficient customer activity. See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the acquisition of Community National and sales of certain CNB branches.

 

The Company also engages in direct financing lease contracts through m2, a wholly-owned subsidiary of QCBT based in Brookfield, Wisconsin. QCBT previously owned 80% of m2. In August 2012, QCBT entered into an amendment to the operating agreement of m2 and purchased the remaining 20% noncontrolling interest. See Note 23 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the acquisition.

 

Subsidiary Banks. QCBT was capitalized on October 13, 1993, and commenced operations on January 7, 1994. QCBT is an Iowa-chartered commercial bank that is a member of the Federal Reserve System with depository accounts insured by the FDIC to the maximum amount permitted by law. QCBT provides full service commercial, correspondent, and consumer banking and trust and asset management services in the Quad Cities and adjacent communities through its five offices that are located in Bettendorf and Davenport, Iowa and in Moline, Illinois. QCBT, on a consolidated basis with m2, had total segment assets of $1.34 billion and $1.32 billion as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

CRBT is an Iowa-chartered commercial bank that is a member of the Federal Reserve System with depository accounts insured by the FDIC to the maximum amount permitted by law. The Company commenced operations in Cedar Rapids in June 2001, operating a branch of QCBT. The Cedar Rapids branch operation then began functioning under the CRBT charter in September 2001. As previously discussed, the merged branches of CNB operate as a division of CRBT under the name “Community Bank & Trust.” CRBT provides full-service commercial and consumer banking and trust and asset management services to Cedar Rapids and Waterloo/Cedar Falls, Iowa and adjacent communities through its five facilities. The headquarters for CRBT is located in downtown Cedar Rapids with one other branch located in northern Cedar Rapids, two branches located in Waterloo and one branch located in Cedar Falls. CRBT had total segment assets of $866.9 million and $840.3 million as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

RB&T is an Illinois-chartered commercial bank that is a member of the Federal Reserve System with depository accounts insured by the FDIC to the maximum amount permitted by law. The Company commenced operations in Rockford, Illinois in September 2004, operating a branch of QCBT, and that operation began functioning under the RB&T charter in January 2005. RB&T provides full-service commercial and consumer banking and trust and asset management services to Rockford and adjacent communities through its headquarters located on Guilford Road at Alpine Road in Rockford and its branch facility located in downtown Rockford. RB&T had total segment assets of $367.5 million and $353.4 million as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

 
5

 

 

See Note 22 to the consolidated financial statements for additional business segment information.

 

Other Operating Subsidiaries. m2, which is based in Brookfield, Wisconsin, is engaged in the business of leasing machinery and equipment to C&I businesses under direct financing lease contracts.

 

Trust Preferred Subsidiaries. Following is a listing of the Company’s non-consolidated subsidiaries formed for the issuance of trust preferred securities, including pertinent information as of December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

Name

Date Issued

 

Amount Issued

as of

12/31/15

   

Amount Issued

as of

12/31/14

 

Interest Rate

 

Interest Rate

as of

12/31/2015

   

Interest Rate

as of

12/31/2014

 
                                     

QCR Holdings Statutory Trust II

February 2004

  $ 10,310,000     $ 12,372,000  

2.85% over 3-month LIBOR

    3.18%       3.08%  

QCR Holdings Statutory Trust III

February 2004

    8,248,000       8,248,000  

2.85% over 3-month LIBOR

    3.18%       3.08%  

QCR Holdings Statutory Trust IV

May 2005

    5,155,000       5,155,000  

1.80% over 3-month LIBOR

    2.12%       2.03%  

QCR Holdings Statutory Trust V

February 2006

    10,310,000       10,310,000  

1.55% over 3-month LIBOR

    1.87%       1.78%  

Community National Statutory Trust II

September 2004

    3,093,000       3,093,000  

2.17% over 3-month LIBOR

    2.74%       2.42%  

Community National Statutory Trust III

March 2007

    3,609,000       3,609,000  

1.75% over 3-month LIBOR

    2.26%       1.99%  
      $ 40,725,000     $ 42,787,000  

Weighted Average Rate

    2.60%       2.50%  

 

Securities issued by all of the trusts listed above mature thirty years from the date of issuance, but are all currently callable at par at any time. Interest rate reset dates vary by trust.

 

QCR Holdings Statutory Trust IV was dissolved in 2016 after the Company purchased the related security at auction, as noted in Note 25 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Other Ownership Interests. In addition to its wholly-owned subsidiaries, the Company owns a 20% equity position in Nobel Real Estate Investors, LLC. In June 2005, CRBT entered into a joint venture as a 50% owner of Cedar Rapids Mortgage Company, LLC, which provided residential real estate mortgage lending services. During the first quarter of 2013, CRBT and the partner mutually terminated the joint venture. CRBT continues to provide residential real estate mortgage lending services through its consumer banking division. In December 2014, QCBT entered into a joint venture as a 20% owner of Ruhl Mortgage, to provide residential real estate mortgage lending services and products to QCBT clients.

 

Business. The Company’s principal business consists of attracting deposits and investing those deposits in loans/leases and securities. The deposits of the subsidiary banks are insured to the maximum amount allowable by the FDIC. The Company’s results of operations are dependent primarily on net interest income, which is the difference between the interest earned on its loans/leases and securities and the interest paid on deposits and borrowings. The Company’s operating results are affected by economic and competitive conditions, particularly changes in interest rates, government policies and actions of regulatory authorities, as described more fully in this Form 10-K. Its operating results also can be affected by trust fees, investment advisory and management fees, deposit service charge fees, gains on the sale of residential real estate and government guaranteed loans, earnings from BOLI and other noninterest income. Operating expenses include employee compensation and benefits, occupancy and equipment expense, professional and data processing fees, advertising and marketing expenses, bank service charges, FDIC and other insurance, loan/lease expenses and other administrative expenses.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries collectively employed 406 and 409 FTEs at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The Federal Reserve is the primary federal regulator of the Company and its subsidiaries. In addition, QCBT and CRBT are regulated by the Iowa Superintendent and RB&T is regulated by the IDFPR. The FDIC, as administrator of the Deposit Insurance Fund, also has regulatory authority over the subsidiary banks. See Appendix A for more information on the federal and state statutes and regulations that are applicable to the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

 
6

 

 

Lending/Leasing. The Company and its subsidiaries provide a broad range of commercial and retail lending/leasing and investment services to corporations, partnerships, individuals, and government agencies. The subsidiary banks actively market their services to qualified lending and deposit clients. Officers actively solicit the business of new clients entering their market areas as well as long-standing members of the local business community. The Company has an established lending/leasing policy which includes a number of underwriting factors to be considered in making a loan/lease, including, but not limited to, location, loan-to-value ratio, cash flow, collateral and the credit history of the borrower.

 

In accordance with Iowa regulation, the legal lending limit to one borrower for QCBT and CRBT, calculated as 15% of aggregate capital, was $19.7 million and $15.8 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2015. In accordance with Illinois regulation, the legal lending limit to one borrower for RB&T, calculated as 25% of aggregate capital, totaled $9.6 million as of December 31, 2015.

 

The Company recognizes the need to prevent excessive concentrations of credit exposure to any one borrower or group of related borrowers. As such, the Company has established an in-house lending limit, which is lower than each subsidiary bank’s legal lending limit, in an effort to manage individual borrower exposure levels.

 

The in-house lending limit is the maximum amount of credit each subsidiary bank will extend to a single borrowing entity or group of related entities. Under the in-house limit, total credit exposure to a single borrowing entity or group of related entities will not exceed the following, subject to certain exceptions:

 

QCBT:

 

$

10.0 million

CRBT:

 

$

7.5 million

RB&T:

 

$

3.7 million

 

On a consolidated basis, the in-house lending limit is $15.0 million, which is the maximum amount of credit that all affiliated banks, when combined, will extend to a single borrowing entity or group of related entities, subject to certain exceptions.

 

In addition, m2’s in-house lending limit is $1.0 million to a single leasing entity or group of related entities.

 

As part of the loan monitoring activity at the three subsidiary banks, credit administration personnel interact closely with senior bank management. For example, the internal loan committee of each subsidiary bank meets weekly. The Company has a separate in-house loan review function to analyze credits of the subsidiary banks. To complement the in-house loan review, an independent third-party performs external loan reviews. Historically, management has attempted to identify problem loans at an early stage and to aggressively seek a resolution of those situations.

 

The Company recognizes that a diversified loan/lease portfolio contributes to reducing risk in the overall loan/lease portfolio. The specific loan/lease portfolio mix is subject to change based on loan/lease demand, the business environment and various economic factors. The Company actively monitors concentrations within the loan/lease portfolio to ensure appropriate diversification and concentration risk is maintained. 

 

 
7

 

 

Specifically, each subsidiary bank’s total loans as a percentage of average assets may not exceed 85%. In addition, following are established policy limits and the actual allocations for the three subsidiary banks as of December 31, 2015 for the loan portfolio on a per loan type basis, reflected as a percentage of the subsidiary bank’s average gross loans:

 

   

QCBT

   

CRBT

   

RB&T

 

Type of Loan *

 

Maximum

Percentage

per Loan

Policy

   

As of

December 31,

2015

   

Maximum

Percentage

per Loan

Policy

   

As of

December 31,

2015

   

Maximum

Percentage

per Loan

Policy

   

As of

December 31,

2015

 
                                                 

One-to-four family residential

    30 %     14 %     25 %     11 %     30 %     20 %

Multi-family

    15 %     2 %     15 %     7 %     15 %     3 %

Farmland

    5 %     1 %     5 %     1 %     5 %     0 %

Non-farm, nonresidential

    50 %     26 %     50 %     34 %     50 %     43 %

Construction and land development

    20 %     3 %     15 %     6 %     20 %     3 %

C&I

    60 %     20 %     60 %     30 %     60 %     26 %

Loans to individuals

    10 %     1 %     10 %     1 %     10 %     1 %

Lease financing

    30 %     21 %     5 %     0 %     20 %     0 %

Bank stock loans

      **       **     10 %     1 %     10 %     0 %

All other loans

    15 %     12 %     10 %     9 %     10 %     4 %
              100 %             100 %             100 %

 

 

* The loan types above are as defined and reported in the subsidiary banks’ quarterly Reports of Condition and Income (also known as Call Reports).

** QCBT’s maximum percentage for bank stock loans is 150% of aggregate capital (bank stock loan commitments are limited to 200% of aggregate capital). At December 31, 2015, QCBT’s bank stock loans totaled 50% of aggregate capital.

 

 

The following table presents total loans/leases by major loan/lease type and subsidiary as of December 31, 2015 and 2014. Residential real estate loans held for sale are included in residential real estate loans below.

 

 

   

QCBT

   

m2

Lease Funds

   

CRBT

   

RBT

   

Intercompany

Elimination

   

Consolidated

Total

 
    $    

%

    $    

%

    $    

%

    $    

%

    $     $    

%

 
   

(dollars in thousands)

 
As of December 31, 2015:                                                                                        
                                                                                         

C&I loans

  $ 267,367       39 %   $ 20,120       10 %   $ 263,792       43 %   $ 96,881       33 %   $ -     $ 648,160       36 %

CRE loans

    296,157       43 %     -       0 %     285,866       46 %     142,346       48 %     -       724,369       40 %

Direct financing leases

    -       0 %     173,656       86 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     -       173,656       10 %

Residential real estate loans

    86,920       13 %     -       0 %     43,345       7 %     40,168       14 %     -       170,433       9 %

Installment and other consumer loans

    35,862       5 %     -       0 %     23,970       4 %     13,837       5 %     -       73,669       4 %

Deferred loan/lease origination costs, net of fees

    457       0 %     7,343       4 %     (358 )     0 %     294       0 %     -       7,736       0 %
    $ 686,763       100 %   $ 201,119       100 %   $ 616,615       100 %   $ 293,526       100 %   $ -     $ 1,798,023       100 %
                                                                                         

As of December 31, 2014:

                                                                                       
                                                                                         

C&I loans

  $ 238,495       39 %   $ 4,739       3 %   $ 212,208       37 %   $ 68,485       25 %   $ -     $ 523,927       32 %

CRE loans

    256,195       42 %     -       0 %     297,377       51 %     150,031       55 %     (1,463 )     702,140       43 %

Direct financing leases

    -       0 %     166,032       93 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     -       166,032       10 %

Residential real estate loans

    75,095       13 %     -       0 %     43,863       8 %     39,675       15 %     -       158,633       10 %

Installment and other consumer loans

    35,213       6 %     -       0 %     24,252       4 %     13,142       5 %     -       72,607       5 %

Deferred loan/lease origination costs, net of fees

    80       0 %     6,673       4 %     (337 )     0 %     248       0 %     -       6,664       0 %
    $ 605,078       100 %   $ 177,444       100 %   $ 577,363       100 %   $ 271,581       100 %   $ (1,463 )   $ 1,630,003       100 %

 

Proper pricing of loans is necessary to provide adequate return to the Company’s stockholders. Loan pricing, as established by the subsidiary banks’ internal loan committees, includes consideration for the cost of funds, loan maturity and risk, origination and maintenance costs, appropriate stockholder return, competitive factors, and the economic environment. The portfolio contains a mix of loans with fixed and floating interest rates. Management attempts to maximize the use of interest rate floors on its variable rate loan portfolio. Refer to Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk for more discussion on the Company’s management of interest rate risk.

 

 
8

 

 

C&I Lending

 

As noted above, the subsidiary banks are active C&I lenders. The current areas of emphasis include loans to small and mid-sized businesses with a wide range of operations such as wholesalers, manufacturers, building contractors, business services companies, other banks, and retailers. The banks provide a wide range of business loans, including lines of credit for working capital and operational purposes, and term loans for the acquisition of facilities, equipment and other purposes. Since 2010, the subsidiary banks have been active in participating in lending programs offered by the SBA and USDA. Under these programs, the government entities will generally provide a guarantee of repayment ranging from 50% to 85% of the principal amount of the qualifying loan.

 

Loan approval is generally based on the following factors:

 

 

Ability and stability of current management of the borrower;

 

Stable earnings with positive financial trends;

 

Sufficient cash flow to support debt repayment;

 

Earnings projections based on reasonable assumptions;

 

Financial strength of the industry and business; and

 

Value and marketability of collateral.

 

For C&I loans, the Company assigns internal risk ratings which are largely dependent upon the aforementioned approval factors. The risk rating is reviewed annually or on an as needed basis depending on the specific circumstances of the loan. See Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information, including the internal risk rating scale.

 

As part of the underwriting process, management reviews current borrower financial statements. When appropriate, certain C&I loans may contain covenants requiring maintenance of financial performance ratios such as, but not limited to:

 

 

Minimum debt service coverage ratio;

 

Minimum current ratio;

 

Maximum debt to tangible net worth ratio; and/or

 

Minimum tangible net worth.

 

Establishment of these financial performance ratios depends on a number of factors, including risk rating and the specific industry.

 

Collateral for these loans generally includes accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, and real estate. The Company’s lending policy specifies approved collateral types and corresponding maximum advance percentages. The value of collateral pledged on loans must exceed the loan amount by a margin sufficient to absorb potential erosion of its value in the event of foreclosure and cover the loan amount plus costs incurred to convert it to cash. Approved non-real estate collateral types and corresponding maximum advance percentages for each are listed below.

 

 
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Approved Collateral Type

Maximum Advance %
   

Financial Instruments

 

U.S. Government Securities

90% of market value

Securities of Federal Agencies

90% of market value

Municipal Bonds rated by Moody’s As “A” or better

80% of market value

Listed Stocks

75% of market value

Mutual Funds

75% of market value

Cash Value Life Insurance

95%, less policy loans

Savings/Time Deposits (Bank)

100% of current value

General Business

 

Accounts Receivable

80% of eligible accounts

Inventory

50% of value

Fixed Assets (Existing)

50% of net book value, or

  75% of orderly liquidation appraised value

Fixed Assets (New)

80% of cost

Leasehold Improvements

0%

  

Generally, if the above collateral is part of a cross-collateralization with other approved assets, then the maximum advance percentage may be higher.

 

The Company’s lending policy specifies maximum term limits for C&I loans. For term loans, the maximum term is generally seven years. Generally, term loans range from three to five years. For lines of credit, the maximum term is typically 365 days.

 

In addition, the subsidiary banks often take personal guarantees or cosignors to help assure repayment. Loans may be made on an unsecured basis if warranted by the overall financial condition of the borrower.

 

 
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CRE Lending

 

The subsidiary banks also make CRE loans. CRE loans are subject to underwriting standards and processes similar to C&I loans, in addition to those standards and processes specific to real estate loans. Collateral for these loans generally includes the underlying real estate and improvements, and may include additional assets of the borrower. The Company’s lending policy specifies maximum loan-to-value limits based on the category of CRE (commercial real estate loans on improved property, raw land, land development, and commercial construction). These limits are the same limits as, or in some situations, more conservative than, those established by regulatory authorities. Following is a listing of these limits as well as some of the other guidelines included in the Company’s lending policy for the major categories of CRE loans:

 

 

CRE Loan Types

 

Maximum Advance Rate **

 

Maximum

Term

         

CRE Loans on Improved Property *

 

80%

 

7 years

Raw Land

 

Lesser of 90% of project cost, or 65% of "as is" appraised value

 

12 months

Land Development

 

Lesser of 90% of project cost, or 75% of appraised value

 

24 months

Commercial Construction Loans

 

Lesser of 90% of project cost, or 80% of appraised value

 

365 days

 

* Generally, the debt service coverage ratio must be a minimum of 1.25x for non-owner occupied loans and 1.15x for owner-occupied loans. For loans greater than $500 thousand, the subsidiary banks sensitize this ratio for deteriorated economic conditions, major changes in interest rates, and/or significant increases in vacancy rates.

** These maximum rates are consistent with, or in some situations, more conservative than, those established by regulatory authorities.

 

The Company’s lending policy also includes guidelines for real estate appraisals and evaluations, including minimum appraisal and evaluation standards based on certain transactions. In addition, the subsidiary banks often take personal guarantees to help assure repayment.

 

In addition, management tracks the level of owner-occupied CRE loans versus non-owner occupied CRE loans. Owner-occupied CRE loans are generally considered to have less risk. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, approximately 35% and 37%, respectively, of the CRE loan portfolio was owner-occupied.

 

 
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The Company’s lending policy limits non-owner occupied CRE lending to 300% of total risk-based capital, and limits construction, land development, and other land loans to 100% of total risk-based capital. Exceeding these limits warrants the use of heightened risk management practices in accordance with regulatory guidelines. As of December 31, 2015, all three subsidiary banks were in compliance with these limits.

 

Following is a listing of the significant industries within the Company’s CRE loan portfolio as of December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   

2015

   

2014

 
   

Amount

   

%

   

Amount

   

%

 
                                 
   

(dollars in thousands)

 
                                 

Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings

  $ 264,133       37 %   $ 248,326       35 %

Lessors of Residential Buildings

    89,189       12 %     73,781       11 %

Lessors of Other Real Estate Property

    22,009       3 %     17,553       3 %

Hotels

    19,228       3 %     16,252       2 %

Land Subdivision

    17,839       2 %     19,504       3 %

Nursing Care Facilities

    17,288       2 %     17,078       2 %

New Car Dealers

    11,656       2 %     16,090       2 %

Other *

    283,027       39 %     293,556       42 %
                                 

Total Commercial Real Estate Loans

  $ 724,369       100 %   $ 702,140       100 %

 

* “Other” consists of all other industries. None of these had concentrations greater than $14.0 million, or 2%, of total CRE loans.

 

Direct Financing Leasing

 

m2 leases machinery and equipment to C&I customers under direct financing leases. All lease requests are subject to the credit requirements and criteria as set forth in the lending/leasing policy. In all cases, a formal independent credit analysis of the lessee is performed.

 

The following private and public sector business assets are generally acceptable to consider for lease funding:

 

 

Computer systems;

 

Photocopy systems;

 

Fire trucks;

 

Specialized road maintenance equipment;

 

Medical equipment;

 

Commercial business furnishings;

 

Vehicles classified as heavy equipment;

 

Trucks and trailers;

 

Equipment classified as plant or office equipment; and

 

Marine boat lifts.

 

m2 will generally refrain from funding leases of the following type:

 

 

Leases collateralized by non-marketable items;

 

Leases collateralized by consumer items, such as vehicles, household goods, recreational vehicles, boats, etc.;

 

Leases collateralized by used equipment, unless its remaining useful life can be readily determined; and

 

Leases with a repayment schedule exceeding seven years.

 

 
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Residential Real Estate Lending

 

Generally, the subsidiary banks’ residential real estate loans conform to the underwriting requirements of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae to allow the subsidiary banks to resell loans in the secondary market. The subsidiary banks structure most loans that will not conform to those underwriting requirements as adjustable rate mortgages that adjust in one to five years, and then retain these loans in their portfolios. Servicing rights are not presently retained on the loans sold in the secondary market. The Company’s lending policy establishes minimum appraisal and other credit guidelines.

 

The following table presents the originations and sales of residential real estate loans for the Company. Included in originations is activity related to the refinancing of previously held in-house mortgages.

 

   

For the year ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

 
   

(dollars in thousands)

 

Originations of residential real estate loans

  $ 41,279     $ 72,146     $ 105,716  

Sales of residential real estate loans

  $ 23,726     $ 33,100     $ 56,103  

Percentage of sales to originations

    57 %     46 %     53 %

 

Installment and Other Consumer Lending

 

The consumer lending department of each subsidiary bank provides many types of consumer loans, including home improvement, home equity, motor vehicle, signature loans and small personal credit lines. The Company’s lending policy addresses specific credit guidelines by consumer loan type. In particular, for home equity loans and home equity lines of credit, the minimum credit bureau score is 680. For both home equity loans and lines of credit, the maximum advance rate is 90% of value with a minimum credit bureau score of 720, and the maximum advance rate is 80% of value with a credit bureau score of 680 to 719. The maximum term on home equity loans is 10 years and maximum amortization is 15 years. The maximum term on home equity lines of credit is five years.

 

In some instances for all loans/leases, it may be appropriate to originate or purchase loans/leases that are exceptions to the guidelines and limits established within the Company’s lending policy described above. In general, exceptions to the lending policy do not significantly deviate from the guidelines and limits established within the lending policy and, if there are exceptions, they are generally noted as such and specifically identified in loan/lease approval documents.

 

Competition. The Company currently operates in the highly competitive Quad Cities, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo/Cedar Falls, and Rockford markets. Competitors include not only other commercial banks, credit unions, thrift institutions, and mutual funds, but also insurance companies, finance companies, brokerage firms, investment banking companies, and a variety of other financial services and advisory companies. Many of these competitors are not subject to the same regulatory restrictions as the Company. Many of these unregulated competitors compete across geographic boundaries and provide customers increasing access to meaningful alternatives to banking services. The Company competes in markets with a number of much larger financial institutions with substantially greater resources and larger lending limits.

 

Appendices. The commercial banking business is a highly regulated business. See Appendix A for a summary of the federal and state statutes and regulations that are applicable to the Company and its subsidiaries. Supervision, regulation and examination of banks and bank holding companies by bank regulatory agencies are intended primarily for the protection of depositors rather than stockholders of bank holding companies and banks.

 

See Appendix B for tables and schedules that show selected comparative statistical information relating to the business of the Company required to be presented pursuant to federal securities laws. Consistent with the information presented in the Form 10-K, results are presented as of and for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, and 2013, as applicable.

 

 
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Internet Site, Securities Filings and Governance Documents. The Company maintains an Internet site at www.qcrh.com. The Company makes available free of charge through this site its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and other reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after it electronically files such material with, or furnishes it to, the SEC. These filings are available at http://www.snl.com/IRW/Docs/1024092. Also available are many of its corporate governance documents, including the Code of Conduct (http://www.snl.com/IRW/govdocs/1024092).

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, stockholders or prospective investors should carefully consider the following risk factors:

 

A prolonged continuation of economic uncertainty or worsening of current economic conditions could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

While economic indicators have generally shown signs of gradual improvement, uncertainty related to U.S. and worldwide fiscal issues, political climates and global economic conditions continue. There can be no assurance that this improvement will continue or be spread evenly throughout the markets that the Company serves. Continued uncertainty, elevated unemployment, volatility or disruptions of global financial markets, or prolonged deterioration in the global, national or local business or economic conditions could result in, among other things, a deterioration of credit quality, further impairment of real estate values or a reduced demand for credit or other products and services we offer to clients.

 

Additionally, competitive dynamics in our industry could change as a result of continued consolidation of financial services companies in connection with current market conditions.

 

If market conditions do not continue to improve or worsen to recessionary conditions, and/or if negative developments in the domestic and international credit markets continue, there can be no assurance that we will not experience an adverse effect, which may be material, on our ability to access capital and on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Potential future acquisitions could be difficult to integrate, divert the attention of key personnel, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect our financial results.

 

As part of our business strategy, we may consider acquisitions of other banks or financial institutions or branches, assets or deposits of such organizations. There is no assurance, however, that we will determine to pursue any of these opportunities or that if we determine to pursue them that we will be successful.  Acquisitions involve numerous risks, any of which could harm our business, including:

 

 

difficulties in integrating the operations, technologies, products, existing contracts, accounting processes and personnel of the target company and realizing the anticipated synergies of the combined businesses;

 

 

difficulties in supporting and transitioning customers of the target company;

 

 

diversion of financial and management resources from existing operations;

 

 

the price we pay or other resources that we devote may exceed the value we realize, or the value we could have realized if we had allocated the purchase price or other resources to another opportunity;

 

 
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risks of entering new markets or areas in which we have limited or no experience or are outside our core competencies;

 

 

potential loss of key employees, customers and strategic alliances from either our current business or the business of the target company;

 

 

assumption of unanticipated problems or latent liabilities; and

 

 

inability to generate sufficient revenue to offset acquisition costs.

 

Future acquisitions may involve the issuance of our equity securities as payment or in connection with financing the business or assets acquired, and as a result, could dilute the ownership interests of existing stockholders. In addition, consummating these transactions could result in the incurrence of additional debt and related interest expense, as well as unforeseen liabilities, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. The failure to successfully evaluate and execute acquisitions or otherwise adequately address the risks associated with acquisitions could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. 

 

We must effectively manage our credit risk.

 

There are risks inherent in making any loan, including risks inherent in dealing with specific borrowers, risks of nonpayment, risks resulting from uncertainties as to the future value of collateral and risks resulting from changes in economic and industry conditions. We attempt to minimize our credit risk through prudent loan application approval procedures, careful monitoring of the concentration of our loans within specific industries and periodic independent reviews of outstanding loans by our credit review department and an external third party. However, we cannot assure you that such approval and monitoring procedures will reduce these credit risks.

 

The majority of our subsidiary banks’ loan portfolios are invested in C&I and CRE loans, and we focus on lending to small to medium-sized businesses. The size of the loans we can offer to commercial customers is less than the size of the loans that our competitors with larger lending limits can offer. This may limit our ability to establish relationships with the area’s largest businesses. Smaller companies tend to be at a competitive disadvantage and generally have limited operating histories, less sophisticated internal record keeping and financial planning capabilities and fewer financial resources than larger companies. As a result, we may assume greater lending risks than financial institutions that have a lesser concentration of such loans and tend to make loans to larger, more established businesses. Collateral for these loans generally includes accounts receivable, inventory, equipment and real estate. However, depending on the overall financial condition of the borrower, some loans are made on an unsecured basis. In addition to C&I and CRE loans, our subsidiary banks are also active in residential mortgage and consumer lending. Our borrowers may experience financial difficulties, and the level of nonperforming loans, charge-offs and delinquencies could rise, which could negatively impact our business through increased provision, reduced interest income on loans/leases, and increased expenses incurred to carry and resolve problem loans/leases.

 

C&I loans make up a large portion of our loan/lease portfolio.

 

C&I loans were $648.2 million, or approximately 36% of our total loan/lease portfolio, as of December 31, 2015. Our C&I loans are primarily made based on the identified cash flow of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. Most often, this collateral is accounts receivable, inventory, equipment and real estate. Credit support provided by the borrower for most of these loans and the probability of repayment is based on the liquidation value of the pledged collateral and enforcement of a personal guarantee, if any exists. Whenever possible, we require a personal guarantee or cosigner on commercial loans. As a result, in the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers. The collateral securing these loans may lose value over time, may be difficult to appraise, and may fluctuate in value based on the success of the business. In addition, a prolonged recovery period could harm or continue to harm the businesses of our C&I customers and reduce the value of the collateral securing these loans.

 

 
15

 

 

Our loan/lease portfolio has a significant concentration of CRE loans, which involve risks specific to real estate values.

 

CRE lending comprises a significant portion of our lending business. Specifically, CRE loans were $724.4 million, or approximately 40% of our total loan/lease portfolio, as of December 31, 2015. Of this amount, $252.5 million, or approximately 35%, was owner-occupied. The market value of real estate securing our CRE loans can fluctuate significantly in a short period of time as a result of market conditions in the geographic area in which the real estate is located. Adverse developments affecting real estate values in one or more of our markets could increase the credit risk associated with our loan portfolio. Additionally, real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts and the repayment of the loans generally is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the properties securing the loans to cover operating expenses and debt service. Economic events or governmental regulations outside of the control of the borrower or lender could negatively impact the future cash flow and market values of the affected properties.

 

The problems that have occurred in the residential real estate and mortgage markets throughout much of the U.S. in prior years also affected the commercial real estate market. In our market areas, we generally experienced a downturn in credit performance by our CRE loan customers in prior years relative to historical norms, and despite recent improvements in certain aspects of the economy, a level of uncertainty continues to exist in the economy and credit markets, there can be no guarantee that we will not experience further deterioration in the performance of CRE and other real estate loans in the future. In such case, we may not be able to realize the amount of security that we anticipated at the time of originating the loan, which could cause us to increase our provision and adversely affect our operating results, financial condition and/or capital.

 

Our allowance may prove to be insufficient to absorb losses in our loan/lease portfolio.

 

We establish our allowance in consultation with management of our subsidiaries and maintain it at a level considered adequate by management to absorb loan/lease losses that are inherent in the portfolio. The amount of future loan/lease losses is susceptible to changes in economic, operating and other conditions, including changes in interest rates, which may be beyond our control, and such losses may exceed current estimates. At December 31, 2015, our allowance as a percentage of total gross loans/leases was 1.46%, and as a percentage of total NPLs was 223.33%. In addition, we had net charge-offs as a percentage of gross average loans/leases of 0.22% for the year ended December 31, 2015. Because of the concentration of C&I and CRE loans in our loan portfolio, which tend to be larger in amount than residential real estate and installment loans, the movement of a small number of loans to nonperforming status can have a significant impact on these ratios. Although management believes that the allowance as of December 31, 2015 was adequate to absorb losses on any existing loans/leases that may become uncollectible, we cannot predict loan/lease losses with certainty, and we cannot assure you that our allowance will prove sufficient to cover actual loan/lease losses in the future, particularly if economic conditions are more difficult than what management currently expects. Additional provisions and loan/lease losses in excess of our allowance may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company’s information systems may experience an interruption or breach in security and cyber-attacks, all of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

 

The Company relies heavily on internal and outsourced technologies, communications, and information systems to conduct its business.  Additionally, in the normal course of business, the Company collects, processes and retains sensitive and confidential information regarding our customers. As the Company’s reliance on technology has increased, so have the potential risks of a technology-related operation interruption (such as disruptions in the Company’s customer relationship management, general ledger, deposit, loan, or other systems) or the occurrence of a cyber-attacks (such as unauthorized access to the Company’s systems).  These risks have increased for all financial institutions as new technologies, the use of the Internet and telecommunications technologies (including mobile devices) to conduct financial and other business transactions and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime, perpetrators of fraud, hackers, terrorists and others have also increased. In addition to cyber-attacks or other security breaches involving the theft of sensitive and confidential information, hackers have engaged in attacks against financial institutions, particularly denial of service attacks that are designed to disrupt key business services, such as customer-facing web sites. The Company is not able to anticipate or implement effective preventive measures against all security breaches of these types, especially because the techniques used change frequently and because attacks can originate from a wide variety of sources.  It is also possible that a cyber incident, such as a security breach, may remain undetected for a period of time, further exposing the Company to technology-related risks. However, applying guidance from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, the Company has analyzed and will continue to analyze security related to device specific considerations, user access topics, transaction-processing and network integrity.

 

 
16

 

 

The Company also faces risks related to cyber-attacks and other security breaches in connection with credit card and debit card transactions that typically involve the transmission of sensitive information regarding the Company’s customers through various third parties, including merchant acquiring banks, payment processors, payment card networks and its processors. Some of these parties have in the past been the target of security breaches and cyber-attacks, and because the transactions involve third parties and environments such as the point of sale that the Company does not control or secure, future security breaches or cyber-attacks affecting any of these third parties could impact the Company through no fault of its own, and in some cases it may have exposure and suffer losses for breaches or attacks relating to them.  Despite third-party security risks that are beyond our control, the Company offers its customers protection against fraud and attendant losses for unauthorized use of debit cards in order to stay competitive in the marketplace. Offering such protection to our customers exposes the Company to potential losses which, in the event of a data breach at one or more retailers of considerable magnitude, may adversely affect its business, financial condition, and results of operations. Further cyber-attacks or other breaches in the future, whether affecting the Company or others, could intensify consumer concern and regulatory focus and result in reduced use of payment cards and increased costs, all of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.  To the extent we are involved in any future cyber-attacks or other breaches, the Company’s reputation could be affected, which could also have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

System failure or breaches of our network security could subject us to increased operating costs as well as litigation and other liabilities.

 

The computer systems and network infrastructure we use could be vulnerable to unforeseen problems. Our operations are dependent upon our ability to protect our computer equipment against damage from physical theft, fire, power loss, telecommunications failure or a similar catastrophic event, as well as from security breaches, denial of service attacks, viruses, worms and other disruptive problems caused by hackers. Any damage or failure that causes an interruption in our operations could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Computer break-ins, phishing and other disruptions could also jeopardize the security of information stored in and transmitted through our computer systems and network infrastructure, as well as that of our customers engaging in internet banking activities, which may result in significant liability to us and may cause existing and potential customers to refrain from doing business with us. Although we, with the help of third-party service providers, intend to continue to implement security technology and establish operational procedures to prevent such damage, there can be no assurance that these security measures will be successful. In addition, advances in computer capabilities, new discoveries in the field of cryptography or other developments could result in a compromise or breach of the algorithms we and our third-party service providers use to encrypt and protect customer transaction data. Any interruption in, or breach of security of, our computer systems and network infrastructure, or that of our internet banking customers, could damage our reputation, result in a loss of customer business, subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or expose us to civil litigation and possible financial liability, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are subject to certain operational risks, including, but not limited to, customer or employee fraud and data processing system failures and errors.

 

Employee errors and employee and customer misconduct could subject us to financial losses or regulatory sanctions and seriously harm our reputation. Misconduct by our employees could include hiding unauthorized activities from us, improper or unauthorized activities on behalf of our customers or improper use of confidential information. It is not always possible to prevent employee errors and misconduct, and the precautions we take to prevent and detect this activity may not be effective in all cases. Employee errors could also subject us to financial claims for negligence.

 

We maintain a system of internal controls and insurance coverage to mitigate operational risks, including data processing system failures and errors and customer or employee fraud. Should our internal controls fail to prevent or detect an occurrence, and if any resulting loss is not insured or exceeds applicable insurance limits, such failure could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

 
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We may be materially and adversely affected by the highly regulated environment in which we operate.

 

The Company and its bank subsidiaries are subject to extensive federal and state regulation, supervision and examination. Banking regulations are primarily intended to protect depositors’ funds, FDIC funds, customers and the banking system as a whole, rather than stockholders. These regulations affect our lending practices, capital structure, investment practices, dividend policy and growth, among other things.

 

As a bank holding company, we are subject to regulation and supervision primarily by the Federal Reserve. QCBT and CRBT, as Iowa-chartered state member banks, are subject to regulation and supervision primarily by both the Iowa Superintendent and the Federal Reserve. RB&T, as an Illinois-chartered state member bank, is subject to regulation and supervision primarily by both the DFPR and the Federal Reserve. We and our banks undergo periodic examinations by these regulators, who have extensive discretion and authority to prevent or remedy unsafe or unsound practices or violations of law by banks and bank holding companies.

 

The primary federal and state banking laws and regulations that affect us are described in Appendix A to this report. These laws, regulations, rules, standards, policies and interpretations are constantly evolving and may change significantly over time. For example, on July 21, 2010, the Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law, which significantly changed the regulation of financial institutions and the financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act, together with the regulations to be developed thereunder, includes provisions affecting large and small financial institutions alike, including several provisions that affect how community banks, thrifts and small bank and thrift holding companies are regulated. In addition, in recent years the Federal Reserve has adopted numerous new regulations addressing banks’ overdraft and mortgage lending practices. Further, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau was recently established, with broad powers to supervise and enforce consumer protection laws, and additional consumer protection legislation and regulatory activity is anticipated in the near future.

 

In September 2010, the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision, the oversight body of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, adopted Basel III, which constitutes a strengthened set of capital requirements for banking organizations in the U.S. and around the world. In July 2013, the U.S. federal banking authorities approved the implementation of the Basel III regulatory capital reforms and issued rules effecting certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act (the “Basel III Rules”).  The Basel III Rules are applicable to all U.S. banks that are subject to minimum capital requirements, as well as to bank and savings and loan holding companies other than “small bank holding companies” (generally bank holding companies with consolidated assets of less than $1 billion).  The Basel III Rules not only increased most of the required minimum regulatory capital ratios, but they introduced a new Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio and the concept of a capital conservation buffer.  The Basel III Rules also expanded the definition of capital as in effect currently by establishing criteria that instruments must meet to be considered Additional Tier 1 Capital (Tier 1 Capital in addition to Common Equity) and Tier 2 Capital.  A number of instruments that now qualify as Tier 1 Capital will not qualify, or their qualifications will change.  The Basel III Rules also permit smaller banking organizations to retain, through a one-time election, the existing treatment for accumulated other comprehensive income, which currently does not affect regulatory capital.  The Company made this election in the first quarter of 2015. The Basel III Rules have maintained the general structure of the current prompt corrective action framework, while incorporating the increased requirements. The prompt corrective action guidelines were also revised to add the Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio.  In order to be a “well-capitalized” depository institution under the new regime, a bank and holding company must maintain a Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio of 6.5% or more; a Tier 1 Capital ratio of 8% or more; a Total Capital ratio of 10% or more; and a leverage ratio of 5% or more.  Generally, financial institutions became subject to the new Basel III Rules on January 1, 2015.  

 

U.S. financial institutions are also subject to numerous monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements designed to detect and prevent illegal activities such as money laundering and terrorist financing. These requirements are imposed primarily through the Bank Secrecy Act which was most recently amended by the USA Patriot Act. We have instituted policies and procedures to protect us and our employees, to the extent reasonably possible, from being used to facilitate money laundering, terrorist financing and other financial crimes. There can be no guarantee, however, that these policies and procedures are effective.

 

Failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations or policies could result in sanctions by regulatory agencies, civil monetary penalties, and/or damage to our reputation, which could have a material adverse effect on us. Although we have policies and procedures designed to mitigate the risk of any such violations, there can be no assurance that such violations will not occur.

 

 
18

 

  

Monetary policies and regulations of the Federal Reserve could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

In addition to being affected by general economic conditions, our earnings and growth are affected by the policies of the Federal Reserve.  An important function of the Federal Reserve is to regulate the money supply and credit conditions.  Among the instruments used by the Federal Reserve to implement these objectives are open market operations in U.S. government securities, adjustments of the discount rate and changes in reserve requirements against bank deposits.  These instruments are used in varying combinations to influence overall economic growth and the distribution of credit, bank loans, investments and deposits.  Their use also affects interest rates charged on loans or paid on deposits.

 

The monetary policies and regulations of the Federal Reserve have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue to do so in the future.  The effects of such policies upon our business, financial condition and results of operations cannot be predicted.

 

Interest rates and other conditions impact our results of operations.

 

Our profitability is in large part a function of the spread between the interest rates earned on investments and loans/leases and the interest rates paid on deposits and other interest bearing liabilities. Like most banking institutions, our net interest spread and margin will be affected by general economic conditions and other factors, including fiscal and monetary policies of the federal government that influence market interest rates and our ability to respond to changes in such rates. At any given time, our assets and liabilities will be such that they are affected differently by a given change in interest rates. As a result, an increase or decrease in rates, the length of loan/lease terms, the mix of adjustable and fixed rate loans/leases in our portfolio, the length of time deposits and borrowings, and the rate sensitivity of our deposit customers could have a positive or negative effect on our net income, capital and liquidity. We measure interest rate risk under various rate scenarios using specific criteria and assumptions. A summary of this process, along with the results of our net interest income simulations is presented at “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” included under Item 7A of Part II of this Form 10-K. Although we believe our current level of interest rate sensitivity is reasonable and effectively managed, significant fluctuations in interest rates may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 

 

We are required to maintain capital to meet regulatory requirements, and if we fail to maintain sufficient capital, whether due to losses, an inability to raise additional capital or otherwise, our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations, as well as our ability to maintain regulatory compliance, would be adversely affected.

 

The Company and each of its banking subsidiaries are required by federal and state regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support their operations, which have recently increased due to the effectiveness of the Basel III Rules. We intend to grow our business organically and to explore opportunities to grow our business by taking advantage of attractive acquisition opportunities, and such growth plans may require us to raise additional capital to ensure that we have adequate levels of capital to support such growth on top of our current operations. Our ability to raise additional capital, when and if needed or desired, will depend on conditions in the capital markets, economic conditions and a number of other factors, including investor perceptions regarding the banking industry and market conditions, and governmental activities, many of which are outside our control, and on our financial condition and performance. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that we will be able to raise additional capital if needed or on terms acceptable to us. Our failure to meet these capital and other regulatory requirements could affect customer confidence, our ability to grow, our costs of funds and FDIC insurance costs, our ability to pay dividends on common and preferred stock and to make distributions on our trust preferred securities, our ability to make acquisitions, and our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

 
19

 

 

Failure to pay interest on our debt may adversely impact our ability to pay common stock dividends.

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had $40.7 million of junior subordinated debentures held by six business trusts that we control. Interest payments on the debentures, which totaled $1.3 million for 2015, must be paid before we pay dividends on our capital stock, including our common stock. We have the right to defer interest payments on the debentures for up to 20 consecutive quarters. However, if we elect to defer interest payments, all deferred interest must be paid before we may pay dividends on our capital stock. Deferral of interest payments on the debentures could cause a subsequent decline in the market price of our common stock because we would not be able to pay dividends on our common stock.

 

As a bank holding company, our sources of funds are limited.

 

We are a bank holding company, and our operations are primarily conducted by our subsidiary banks, which are subject to significant federal and state regulation. When available, cash to pay dividends to our stockholders is derived primarily from dividends received from our subsidiary banks. Our ability to receive dividends or loans from our subsidiary banks is restricted. Dividend payments by our subsidiaries to us in the future will require generation of future earnings by them and could require regulatory approval if any proposed dividends are in excess of prescribed guidelines. Further, as a structural matter, our right to participate in the assets of our subsidiary banks in the event of a liquidation or reorganization of any of the banks would be subject to the claims of the creditors of such bank, including depositors, which would take priority except to the extent we may be a creditor with a recognized claim. As of December 31, 2015, our subsidiary banks had deposits and other liabilities in the aggregate of approximately $2.31 billion.

 

Declines in asset values may result in impairment charges and adversely affect the value of our investments, financial performance and capital.

 

The market value of investments in our securities portfolio has become increasingly volatile in recent years, and as of December 31, 2015, we had gross unrealized losses of $5.4 million, or 0.9% of amortized cost, in our investment portfolio (almost entirely offset by gross unrealized gains of $5.2 million). The market value of investments may be affected by factors other than the underlying performance of the servicer of the securities or the mortgages underlying the securities, such as ratings downgrades, adverse changes in the business climate and a lack of liquidity in the secondary market for certain investment securities. On a quarterly basis, we formally evaluate investments and other assets for impairment indicators. We may be required to record additional impairment charges if our investments suffer a decline in value that is considered other-than-temporary. If we determine that a significant impairment has occurred, we would be required to charge against earnings the credit-related portion of the OTTI, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the periods in which the write-offs occur. Based on management’s evaluation, it was determined that the gross unrealized losses at December 31, 2015 were temporary and primarily a function of the changes in certain market interest rates.

 

Liquidity risks could affect operations and jeopardize our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Liquidity is essential to our business. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, the sale of securities and/or loans and other sources could have a substantial negative effect on our liquidity. Our primary sources of funds consist of cash from operations, deposits, investment maturities and calls, and loan/lease repayments. Additional liquidity is provided by federal funds purchased from the FRB or other correspondent banks, FHLB advances, wholesale and customer repurchase agreements, brokered time deposits, and the ability to borrow at the FRB’s Discount Window. Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance or capitalize our activities or on terms that are acceptable to us could be impaired by factors that affect us directly or the financial services industry or economy in general, such as disruptions in the financial markets or negative views and expectations about the prospects for the financial services industry.

 

During the recent recession and subsequent recovery, the financial services industry and the credit markets generally were materially and adversely affected by significant declines in asset values and by a lack of liquidity.  The liquidity issues were particularly acute for regional and community banks, as many of the larger financial institutions significantly curtailed their lending to regional and community banks to reduce their exposure to the risks of other banks.  In addition, many of the larger correspondent lenders reduced or even eliminated federal funds lines for their correspondent customers. Furthermore, regional and community banks generally have less access to the capital markets than do the national and super-regional banks because of their smaller size and limited analyst coverage. Any decline in available funding could adversely impact our ability to originate loans/leases, invest in securities, meet our expenses, pay dividends to our stockholders, or fulfill obligations such as repaying our borrowings or meeting deposit withdrawal demands, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity, business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

 
20

 

 

Our business is concentrated in and dependent upon the continued growth and welfare of the Quad Cities, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo/Cedar Falls, and Rockford markets.

 

We operate primarily in the Quad Cities, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo/Cedar Falls, and Rockford markets, and as a result, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows are subject to changes in the economic conditions in those areas. We have developed a particularly strong presence in Bettendorf, Cedar Falls, Cedar Rapids, Davenport, and Waterloo, Iowa and Moline, Rock Island, and Rockford, Illinois and their surrounding communities. Our success depends upon the business activity, population, income levels, deposits and real estate activity in these markets. Although our customers’ business and financial interests may extend well beyond these market areas, adverse economic conditions that affect these market areas could reduce demand for our products and services, affect the ability of our customers to repay their loans to us, increase the levels of our nonperforming and problem loans, and generally affect our financial condition and results of operations. Because of our geographic concentration, we are less able than other regional or national financial institutions to diversify our credit risks across multiple markets.  

 

We face intense competition in all phases of our business from other banks and financial institutions.

 

The banking and financial services businesses in our markets are highly competitive. Our competitors include large regional banks, local community banks, savings and loan associations, securities and brokerage companies, mortgage companies, insurance companies, finance companies, money market mutual funds, credit unions and other non-bank financial services providers. Many of these competitors are not subject to the same regulatory restrictions as we are. Many of our unregulated competitors compete across geographic boundaries and are able to provide customers with a feasible alternative to traditional banking services.

 

Increased competition in our markets may result in a decrease in the amounts of our loans and deposits, reduced spreads between loan/lease rates and deposit rates or loan/lease terms that are more favorable to the borrower. Any of these results could have a material adverse effect on our ability to grow and remain profitable. If increased competition causes us to significantly discount the interest rates we offer on loans or increase the amount we pay on deposits, our net interest income could be adversely impacted. If increased competition causes us to modify our underwriting standards, we could be exposed to higher losses from lending and leasing activities. Additionally, many of our competitors are much larger in total assets and capitalization, have greater access to capital markets, have larger lending limits and offer a broader range of financial services than we can offer.

 

The soundness of other financial institutions could negatively affect us. 

 

Our ability to engage in routine funding and other transactions could be negatively affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty or other relationships. Defaults by, or even rumors or questions about, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry generally, have led to market-wide liquidity problems and losses of depositor, creditor and counterparty confidence and could lead to losses or defaults by us or by other institutions. We could experience increases in deposits and assets as a result of the difficulties or failures of other banks, which would increase the capital we need to support our growth.

 

Our community banking strategy relies heavily on our subsidiaries’ independent management teams, and the unexpected loss of key managers may adversely affect our operations.

 

We rely heavily on the success of our bank subsidiaries’ independent management teams. Accordingly, much of our success to date has been influenced strongly by our ability to attract and to retain senior management experienced in banking and financial services and familiar with the communities in our market areas. Our ability to retain the executive officers and current management teams of our operating subsidiaries will continue to be important to the successful implementation of our strategy. It is also critical, as we manage our existing portfolio and grow, to be able to attract and retain qualified additional management and loan officers with the appropriate level of experience and knowledge about our market areas to implement our community-based operating strategy. The unexpected loss of services of any key management personnel, or the inability to recruit and retain qualified personnel in the future, could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Effective succession planning is also important to our long-term success. Failure to ensure effective transfer of knowledge and smooth transitions involving key employees could hinder our strategic planning and execution.

 

 
21

 

 

We have a continuing need for technological change, and we may not have the resources to effectively implement new technology.

 

The financial services industry continues to undergo rapid technological changes with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. In addition to enabling us to better serve our customers, the effective use of technology increases efficiency and the potential for cost reduction. Our future success will depend in part upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy customer demands for convenience as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations as we continue to grow our market share. Many of our larger competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. As a result, they may be able to offer additional or superior products to those that we will be able to offer, which would put us at a competitive disadvantage. Accordingly, we cannot provide you with assurance that we will be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services or be successful in marketing such products and services to our customers.

 

Our reputation could be damaged by negative publicity.

 

Reputational risk, or the risk to our business, financial condition or results of operations from negative publicity, is inherent in our business. Negative publicity can result from actual or alleged conduct in a number of areas, including legal and regulatory compliance, lending practices, corporate governance, litigation, inadequate protection of customer data, ethical behavior of our employees, and from actions taken by regulators, ratings agencies and others as a result of that conduct. Damage to our reputation could impact our ability to attract new or maintain existing loan and deposit customers, employees and business relationships.

 

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments, which are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty and which may differ from actual results.

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and general reporting practices within the financial services industry, which require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Some accounting policies, such as those pertaining to our allowance, require the application of significant judgment by management in selecting the appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. By their nature, these estimates and judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty and actual results may differ from these estimates and judgments under different assumptions or conditions, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations in subsequent periods.

 

From time to time, the FASB and the SEC change the financial accounting and reporting standards or the interpretation of those standards that govern the preparation of our external financial statements. These changes are beyond our control, can be difficult to predict and could materially impact how we report our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Changes in these standards are continuously occurring, and given the current economic environment, more drastic changes may occur. The implementation of such changes could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

 
22

 

 

Secondary mortgage, government guaranteed loan and interest rate swap market conditions could have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Currently, we sell a portion of the residential real estate and government guaranteed loans we originate. The profitability of these operations depends in large part upon our ability to make loans and to sell them in the secondary market at a gain. Thus, we are dependent upon the existence of an active secondary market and our ability to profitably sell loans into that market.

 

In addition to being affected by interest rates, the secondary markets are also subject to investor demand for residential mortgages and government guaranteed loans and investor yield requirements for those loans. These conditions may fluctuate or even worsen in the future. As a result, a prolonged period of secondary market illiquidity may reduce our loan production volumes and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.  

 

The interest rate swap market is dependent upon market conditions. If interest rates move, interest rate swap transactions may no longer make sense for the Company and/or its customers. Interest rate swaps are generally appropriate for commercial customers with a certain level of expertise and comfort with derivatives, so our success is dependent upon the ability to make loans to these types of commercial customers. Additionally, our ability to execute interest rate swaps is also dependent upon counterparties that are willing to enter into the interest rate swap that is equal and offsetting to the interest rate swap we enter into with the commercial customer.

 

Customers may decide not to use banks to complete their financial transactions, which could result in a loss of income to us.

 

Technology and other changes are allowing customers to complete financial transactions using nonbanks that historically have involved banks at one or both ends of the transaction. For example, customers can now pay bills and transfer funds directly without going through a bank. The process of eliminating banks as intermediaries, known as disintermediation, could result in the loss of fee income as well as the loss of customer deposits.

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

There are no unresolved staff comments.

 

 
23

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

The following table is a listing of the Company’s operating facilities:

 

Facility Address

Facility Square

Footage

 

Owned or

Leased

           

QCR Holdings, Inc.

         

3551 7th Street in Moline, IL (1)

    30,000  

Owned

           

QCBT

         

2118 Middle Road in Bettendorf, IA

    6,700  

Owned

4500 Brady Street in Davenport, IA

    36,000  

Owned

5405 Utica Ridge Road in Davenport, IA

    7,400  

Leased

1700 Division Street in Davenport, IA

    12,000  

Owned

           

CRBT

         

500 1st Avenue NE, Suite 100 in Cedar Rapids, IA (2)

    48,000  

Owned

5400 Council Street in Cedar Rapids, IA

    5,900  

Owned

422 Commercial Street in Waterloo, IA (3)

    25,000  

Owned

11 Tower Park Drive in Waterloo, IA (3)

    6,000  

Owned

312 1st Street in Cedar Falls, IA (3)

    3,000  

Owned

           

RBT

         

4571 Guilford Road in Rockford, IL

    20,000  

Owned

308 West State Street in Rockford, IL

    1,100  

Leased

           

m2

         

175 North Patrick Boulevard in Brookfield, WI

    4,500  

Leased

 

(1) This facility is utilized as a branch of QCBT in addition to housing the holding company.

(2) In January 2015, CRBT purchased the 3rd floor of the 1st Avenue NE branch facility, adding approximately 12,000 square feet of additional business space.

(3) Branches of Community Bank & Trust.

 

The subsidiary banks intend to limit their investment in premises to no more than 50% of their capital. Management believes that the facilities are of sound construction, in good operating condition, are appropriately insured, and are adequately equipped for carrying on the business of the Company.

 

No individual real estate property amounts to 10% or more of consolidated assets.

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

There are no material pending legal proceedings to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to their respective businesses.

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 
24

 

 

Part II

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information. The common stock, par value $1.00 per share, of the Company is listed on The NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “QCRH”. The stock began trading on NASDAQ on October 6, 1993. The Company transferred its listing from the NASDAQ Capital Market to the NASDAQ Global Market on March 1, 2010. As of February 29, 2016, there were 11,812,011 shares of common stock outstanding held by approximately 2,700 holders of record. Additionally, there are an estimated 800 beneficial holders whose stock was held in the street name by brokerage houses and other nominees as of that date. The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices of the common stock, as reported by NASDAQ for the periods indicated.

 

   

2015 Sales Price

   

2014 Sales Price

   

2013 Sales Price

 
   

High

   

Low

   

High

   

Low

   

High

   

Low

 
                                                 

First quarter

  $ 18.19     $ 16.91     $ 17.48     $ 16.99     $ 16.96     $ 13.05  

Second quarter

    22.75       17.51       17.96       17.00       16.50       13.18  

Third quarter

    23.23       19.58       18.10       16.96       16.51       14.96  

Fourth quarter

    24.90       21.00       18.20       17.50       18.20       15.65  

 

Dividends on Common Stock. Dividends paid on common stock for the years ending December 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:

 

Declaration Date

Amount Declared

Per Share

Record Date

Total Amount

Paid to

Shareholders

(in thousands)

Date Paid

         

May 14, 2014

$0.04

June 20, 2014

$315

July 8, 2014

November 6, 2014

0.04

December 19, 2014

316

January 7, 2015

May 20, 2015

0.04

June 19, 2015

466

July 8, 2015

November 20, 2015

0.04

December 18, 2015

469

January 6, 2016

 

As mentioned in the press release dated February 18, 2016, starting with the first quarter dividend declared on February 11, 2016, the board of directors has resolved to evaluate paying dividends on a quarterly basis, as opposed to the prior practice of semi-annual dividends. The Company anticipates an ongoing need to retain much of its operating income to help provide the capital for continued growth, but believes that operating results have reached a level that can sustain dividends, if declared, to stockholders.

 

The Company is heavily dependent on dividend payments from its subsidiary banks to provide cash flow for the operations of the holding company and dividend payments on the Company’s common stock. Under applicable state laws, the banks are restricted as to the maximum amount of dividends that they may pay on their common stock. Iowa and Illinois law provide that state-chartered banks in those states may not pay dividends in excess of their undivided profits.

 

The Company’s ability to pay dividends to its stockholders may be affected by both general corporate law considerations and policies of the Federal Reserve applicable to bank holding companies. The payment of dividends by any financial institution or its holding company is affected by the requirement to maintain adequate capital pursuant to applicable capital adequacy guidelines and regulations, and a financial institution generally is prohibited from paying any dividends if, following payment thereof, the institution would be undercapitalized.

 

The Company also has certain contractual restrictions on its ability to pay dividends. The Company has issued junior subordinated debentures in private placements. Under the terms of the debentures, the Company may be prohibited, under certain circumstances, from paying dividends on shares of its common stock. None of these circumstances existed through the date of filing of this Form 10-K filed with the SEC. See Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding dividend restrictions.

 

 
25

 

 

Purchase of Equity Securities by the Company. There were no purchases of common stock by the Company for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, and 2013.

 

Stockholder Return Performance Graph. The following graph indicates, for the period commencing December 31, 2010 and ending December 31, 2015, a comparison of cumulative total returns for the Company, the NASDAQ Composite Index, and the SNL Bank NASDAQ Index prepared by SNL Financial, Charlottesville, Virginia. The graph was prepared at the Company’s request by SNL Financial. The information assumes that $100 was invested at the closing price on December 31, 2010 in the common stock of the Company and in each index, and that all dividends were reinvested.

 

 

 

 

    Period Ending  

Index

 

12/31/10

   

12/31/11

   

12/31/12

   

12/31/13

   

12/31/14

   

12/31/15

 

QCR Holdings, Inc.

    100.00       128.64       188.10       243.46       256.47       350.02  

NASDAQ Composite

    100.00       99.21       116.82       163.75       188.03       201.40  

SNL Bank NASDAQ

    100.00       88.73       105.75       152.00       157.42       169.94  

 

 
26

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

 

The following “Selected Financial Data” of the Company is derived in part from, and should be read in conjunction with, our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto. See Item 8. Financial Statements. Results for past periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any future period.

 

   

Years Ended December 31,

 
                                         
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 

STATEMENT OF INCOME DATA

 

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Interest income

  $ 90,003     $ 85,965     $ 81,872     $ 77,376     $ 77,723  

Interest expense

    13,707       16,894       17,767       19,727       23,578  

Net interest income

    76,296       69,071       64,105       57,649       54,145  

Provision for loan/lease losses

    6,871       6,807       5,930       4,371       6,616  

Non-interest income

    24,530       21,158       26,846       18,953       19,085  

Non-interest expense (1)

    73,358       65,430       65,465       54,591       52,616  

Income tax expense

    3,669       3,039       4,618       4,534       3,868  

Net income

    16,928       14,953       14,938       13,106       10,130  

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    -       -       -       488       438  

Net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc.

    16,928       14,953       14,938       12,618       9,692  

Less: preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

    -       1,082       3,168       3,496       5,284  

Net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc. common stockholders

    16,928       13,871       11,770       9,122       4,408  
                                         

PER COMMON SHARE DATA

                                       
                                         

Net income - Basic (2)

  $ 1.64     $ 1.75     $ 2.13     $ 1.88     $ 0.93  

Net income - Diluted (2)

    1.61       1.72       2.08       1.85       0.92  

Cash dividends declared

    0.08       0.08       0.08       0.08       0.08  

Dividend payout ratio

    4.88

%

    4.57

%

    3.76

%

    4.26

%

    8.60

%

Closing stock price

  $ 24.29     $ 17.86     $ 17.03     $ 13.22     $ 9.10  
                                         

BALANCE SHEET DATA

                                       
                                         

Total assets

  $ 2,593,198     $ 2,524,958     $ 2,394,953     $ 2,093,730     $ 1,966,610  

Securities

    577,109       651,539       697,210       602,239       565,229  

Total loans/leases

    1,798,023       1,630,003       1,460,280       1,287,388       1,200,745  

Allowance

    26,141       23,074       21,448       19,925       18,789  

Deposits

    1,880,666       1,679,668       1,646,991       1,374,114       1,205,458  

Borrowings

    444,162       662,558       563,381       547,758       590,603  

Stockholders' equity:

                                       

Preferred

    -       -       29,799       53,163       63,386  

Common

    225,886       144,079       117,778       87,271       81,047  
                                         

KEY RATIOS

                                       

ROAA (3)

    0.66

%

    0.61

%

    0.64

%

    0.62

%

    0.51

%

ROACE (2)

    8.79       10.49       11.48       10.84       5.82  

ROAE (3)

    8.79       10.48       10.24       8.90       7.09  

NIM, tax equivalent yield (4)

    3.37       3.15       3.03       3.14       3.08  

Efficiency ratio (5)

    72.76       72.52       71.98       71.27       71.85  

Loans to deposits

    95.61       97.04       88.66       93.69       99.61  

NPAs to total assets

    0.74       1.31       1.28       1.41       2.06  

Allowance to total loans/leases

    1.46       1.42       1.47       1.55       1.56  

Allowance to NPLs

    223.33       114.78       104.70       78.47       58.70  

Net charge-offs to average loans/leases

    0.22       0.34       0.31       0.27       0.70  

Average total stockholders' equity to average total assets

    7.55       5.82       6.26       7.00       7.17  

 

(1)  Non-interest expense for 2015 includes several one-time expenses - most notably, $7.5 million of losses on debt extinguishment related tothe prepayment of certain borrowings further described in Notes 9, 10 and 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

(2)  Numerator is net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc. common stockholders

(3)  Numerator is net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc.

(4)  Interest earned and yields on nontaxable investments and nontaxable loans are determined on a tax equivalent basis using a 35% tax rate

(5)  Non-interest expenses divided by the sum of net interest income before provision for loan/lease losses and non-interest income

 

 
27

 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion provides additional information regarding our operations for the years ending December 31, 2015, 2014, and 2013, and our financial condition at December 31, 2015 and 2014. This discussion should be read in conjunction with “Selected Financial Data” and our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto included or incorporated by reference elsewhere in this document.

 

Additionally, a comprehensive list of the acronyms and abbreviations used throughout this discussion is included in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

GENERAL

 

The Company was formed in February 1993 for the purpose of organizing QCBT. Over the past twenty two years, the Company has grown to include two additional banking subsidiaries (including the 2013 acquisition of CNB which was merged into one of the Company’s legacy banking subsidiaries) and a number of nonbanking subsidiaries. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had $2.59 billion in consolidated assets, including $1.80 billion in total loans/leases and $1.88 billion in deposits.

 

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

 

The Company reported net income of $16.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, and diluted EPS of $1.61. For the same period in 2014, the Company reported net income of $15.0 million, and diluted EPS of $1.72, after preferred stock dividends of $1.1 million. By comparison, for 2013, the Company reported net income of $14.9 million, and diluted EPS of $2.08, after preferred stock dividends of $3.2 million.

 

The fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 was highlighted by several significant items:

 

 

A successful common stock offering (described in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements);

 

Several balance sheet restructurings (described in Notes 9, 10 and 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements);

 

Net interest margin improvement of 22 basis points, year-over-year, primarily attributable to the balance sheet restructurings;

 

Loan and lease growth of 10.3% for the year;

 

Strong gains on the sale of government guaranteed portions of loans and swap fee income – totaling $3.0 million for the year; and

 

Improved asset quality metrics, with a reduction in NPAs as a percentage of total assets from 1.31% at December 31, 2014 to 0.74% at December 31, 2015.

 

Following is a table that represents the various net income measurements for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, and 2013.

 

   

Year Ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

 
                         

Net income

  $ 16,927,881     $ 14,952,537     $ 14,938,245  

Less: Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

    -       1,081,877       3,168,302  

Net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc. common stockholders

  $ 16,927,881     $ 13,870,660     $ 11,769,943  
                         

Diluted EPS

  $ 1.61     $ 1.72     $ 2.08  
                         

Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding*

    10,499,841       8,048,661       5,646,926  

 

*The increase in the weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding was primarily due to the common stock issuance discussed in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
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The Company reported core net income (non-GAAP) of $20.9 million, with diluted core EPS of $1.99. Core net income for the year excludes a number of non-recurring items, most significantly the $4.9 million of after-tax non-recurring expenses related to the prepayment of wholesale borrowings.

 

Following is a table that represents the major income and expense categories.

 

   

Year Ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

 
                         

Net interest income

  $ 76,296,724     $ 69,071,128     $ 64,105,437  

Provision for loan/lease losses

    6,870,900       6,807,000       5,930,420  

Noninterest income

    24,529,723       21,157,357       26,845,676  

Noninterest expense

    73,358,424       65,429,978       65,464,506  

Federal and state income tax

    3,669,242       3,038,970       4,617,942  

Net income

  $ 16,927,881     $ 14,952,537     $ 14,938,245  

 

In comparison to prior years, the following are some noteworthy changes in the Company’s financial results for 2015:

 

 

Net interest income grew $7.2 million, or 10%, compared to the prior year. Compared to 2013, net interest income grew $12.2 million, or 19%.

 

Provision for loan/lease losses was relatively flat from the prior year, while increasing $940 thousand compared to 2013.

 

Noninterest income increased $3.4 million, or 16%, compared to the prior year.

 

o

Gains on the sale of government guaranteed portion of loans and swap fee income increased $827 thousand, compared to the prior year.

 

o

Trust department fees and investment advisory and management fees increased $590 thousand during the same period.

 

o

Additionally, the Company recognized a lawsuit award in 2015 totaling $387 thousand and a gain on debt extinguishment of $300 thousand.

 

Several one-time acquisition-related gains and other one-time gains were recognized in 2013, totaling approximately $5.6 million, resulting in the decrease in noninterest income from 2013 to 2014.

 

Noninterest expense increased $7.9 million, or 12%, compared to the prior year. Losses on debt extinguishment totaled $7.5 million for the year. The Company also recognized a $1.2 million gain on the sale of an OREO property.

 

Acquisition and data conversion costs totaling $2.4 million in 2013 contributed to the higher noninterest expense in that year.

 

LONG-TERM FINANCIAL GOALS

 

As previously stated, the Company has established certain financial goals by which it manages its business and measures its performance. The goals are periodically updated to reflect changes in business developments. While the Company is determined to work prudently to achieve these goals, there is no assurance that they will be met. Moreover, the Company’s ability to achieve these goals will be affected by the factors discussed under “Forward Looking Statements” as well as the factors detailed in the “Risk Factors” section included under Item 1A. of Part I of this Form 10-K. The Company’s long-term financial goals are as follows:

 

 

Improve balance sheet efficiency by targeting a gross loans and leases to total assets ratio greater than 70%;

 

 

Improve profitability (measured by NIM and ROAA);

 

 

Prioritize strong asset quality by maintaining NPAs to total assets of less than 0.75% and maintain charge-offs as a percentage of average loans of under 0.25% annually;

 

 
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Reduce reliance on wholesale funding to less than 15% of total assets;

 

 

Grow noninterest bearing deposits to more than 30% of total assets;

 

 

Increase the commercial lease portfolio so that it represents 10% of total assets;

 

 

Grow gains on sales of government guaranteed portions of loans and swap fee income to more than $4.0 million annually; and

 

 

Grow wealth management segment net income by 15% annually.

 

The following table shows the evaluation of the Company’s long-term financial goals.

 

     

For the Year Ending

     

December 31,

2015

December 31,

2015 (non-

GAAP)(1)

December 31,

2014

Goal Key Metric Target (2)

(dollars in thousands)

Balance sheet efficiency

Gross loans and leases to total assets

> 70%

69%

 

65%

Profitability

NIM

> 3.50%

3.37%

 

3.15%

ROAA

> 1.00%

0.66%

0.82%

0.61%

Asset quality

NPAs to total assets

< 0.75%

0.74%

 

1.31%

Net charge-offs to average loans/leases

< 0.25% annually

0.22%

 

0.34%

Lower reliance on wholesale funding

Wholesale funding to total assets

< 15%

20%

 

30%

Funding mix

Noninterest bearing deposits as a percentage of total assets

> 30%

24%

 

20%

Commercial leasing

Leases as a percentage of total assets

10%

7%

 

7%

Consistent, high quality noninterest

income revenue streams

Gains on sales of government guaranteed portions of loans and swap fee income

> $4 million annually

$3.0 million

 

$2.3 million

Grow wealth management segment net income

> 15% annually

5%

 

13%

 

(1) Non-GAAP calculations are provided, when applicable. Refer to GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation table for details.

(2) Targets will be re-evaluated and adjusted annually. The Company revisited targets in early 2016 and has adjusted accordingly.

 

STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENTS

 

The Company took the following actions to support our corporate strategy and the long-term financial goals shown above.

 

 

Loan and lease growth for the year was 10.3%. This was within the Company’s target organic growth rate of 10-12%. A majority of this growth was in the C&I loan category. As of December 31, 2015, this segment of the portfolio accounted for 36% of total loans and leases. At the same time, the Company has reduced its reliance on CRE loans, with that segment representing 40% of the portfolio as of December 31, 2015, down from 43% as of December 31, 2014. This loan and lease growth has continued to help move the loan and lease to total asset ratio upward to 69%, from 65% in the prior year and 61% two years ago. Additionally, the Company continues to evaluate market opportunities to rotate out of securities and into loans and leases, as this will also make the balance sheet more profitable. Generally, securities have a lower yield; therefore, by replacing with loans and leases, the Company will continue to improve NIM.

 

 

In the second quarter of 2015, the Company executed a common stock offering and balance sheet restructuring that greatly reduced borrowings and the weighted average cost of borrowings in order to improve the long-term profitability of the Company. Refer to Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information. The Company continued to execute restructuring activities in the fourth quarter of 2015 (described in Notes 9 and 10 of the Consolidated Financial Statements) and the first quarter of 2016 (described in Note 25 of the Consolidated Financial Statements).

 

 
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The Company was heavily focused on reducing NPAs to total assets ratio to below 1.00% and was successful in achieving this benchmark during the third quarter, with an actual ratio of 0.80% as of September 30. 2015. The Company continued to see improvement in this ratio in the fourth quarter, with an actual ratio of 0.74% as of December 31, 2015. The reduction of NPAs throughout the year was primarily due to OREO sales and nonaccrual loan paydowns. The Company remains committed to further improving asset quality in 2016.

 

 

Management continues to focus on reducing the Company’s reliance on wholesale funding. The balance sheet restructuring that was executed in the second quarter lowered the Company’s reliance significantly. Continued restructuring in the fourth quarter of 2015 helped further reduce the Company’s reliance on wholesale funding to 20% (down from 30% at December 31, 2014). The restructuring executed in the 1st quarter of 2016 (as described in Note 25 of the Consolidated Financial Statements) has further reduced the Company’s reliance on wholesale funding. Management continues to closely evaluate opportunities for further reduction in wholesale funding.

 

 

Correspondent banking continues to be a core line of business for the Company. The Company is competitively positioned with experienced staff, software systems and processes to continue growing in the three states currently served – Iowa, Illinois and Wisconsin. The Company acts as the correspondent bank for 172 downstream banks with total noninterest bearing deposits of $286.9 million as of December 31, 2015. Average noninterest bearing deposit balances for 2015 totaled $343.1 million. This line of business provides a strong source of noninterest bearing deposits, fee income and high-quality loan participations.

 

 

The Company provides commercial leasing services through its wholly-owned subsidiary, m2 Lease Funds, which has lease specialists in Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida and Pennsylvania. Historically, this portfolio has been high yielding, with an average gross yield in 2015 approximating 8.2%. This portfolio has also shown strong asset quality throughout its history and the Company intends to grow this portfolio to 10% of consolidated assets.

 

 

SBA and USDA lending is a specialty lending area on which the Company has focused. Once these loans are originated, the government-guaranteed portion of the loan can be sold to the secondary market for premiums. The Company intends to make this a more significant and consistent source of noninterest income. In 2014, the Company hired a government-guaranteed lending specialist in the QCBT market. Also in 2014, in the CRBT market, the Company added a USDA relationship manager to CRBT’s specialty lending team.

 

 

As a result of the historically low interest rate environment, the Company is focused on executing interest rate swaps on select commercial loans. The interest rate swaps allow the commercial borrowers to pay a fixed interest rate while the Company receives a variable interest rate as well as an upfront fee dependent on the pricing. Management believes that these swaps help position the Company more favorably for rising rate environments. The Company will continue to review opportunities to execute these swaps at all of its subsidiary banks, as the circumstances are appropriate for the borrower and the Company.

  

 

Wealth management is another core line of business for the Company and includes a full range of products, including trust services, brokerage and investment advisory services, asset management, estate planning and financial planning. As of December 31, 2015 the Company had $1.73 billion of total financial assets in trust (and related) accounts and $628 million of total financial assets in brokerage (and related) accounts. Continued growth in assets under management will help to drive trust and investment advisory fees, with a goal of growing this segment’s net income by 15% annually. The Company hired four business development officers in 2014 to help with this strategy. Additionally, the Company has started offering trust and investment advisory services to the correspondent banks that it serves. As management focuses on growing fee income, expanding market share will continue to be a primary strategy.

  

 
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GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS

 

The following table presents certain non-GAAP financial measures related to the “tangible common equity to tangible assets ratio”, “core net income”, “core net income attributable to QCR Holdings, Inc. common stockholders”, “core earnings per common share” and “core return on average assets”. The table also reconciles the GAAP performance measures to the corresponding non-GAAP measures.

 

The tangible common equity to tangible assets non-GAAP ratio has been a focus for investors and management believes that this ratio may assist investors in analyzing the Company’s capital position without regard to the effects of intangible assets.

  

The table below also includes several “core” non-GAAP measurements of financial performance. The Company's management believes that these measures are important to investors as they exclude non-recurring income and expense items; therefore, they provide a better comparison for analysis and may provide