10-Q 1 q3201810-q.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____ to ____
Commission File Number: 1-12378
NVR, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
54-1394360
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
11700 Plaza America Drive, Suite 500
Reston, Virginia 20190
(703) 956-4000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant's principal executive offices)
(Not Applicable)
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
 
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of October 26, 2018 there were 3,614,947 total shares of common stock outstanding.



NVR, Inc.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
NVR, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
ASSETS
 
 

 
 

Homebuilding:
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
598,789

 
$
645,087

Restricted cash
 
19,194

 
19,438

Receivables
 
26,363

 
20,026

Inventory:
 
 
 
 
Lots and housing units, covered under sales agreements with customers
 
1,263,588

 
1,046,094

Unsold lots and housing units
 
102,794

 
148,620

Land under development
 
36,064

 
34,212

Building materials and other
 
18,624

 
17,273

 
 
1,421,070

 
1,246,199

 
 
 
 
 
Contract land deposits, net
 
374,350

 
370,429

Property, plant and equipment, net
 
42,399

 
43,191

Reorganization value in excess of amounts allocable to identifiable assets, net
 
41,580

 
41,580

Other assets
 
192,869

 
198,930

 
 
2,716,614

 
2,584,880

Mortgage Banking:
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
11,081

 
21,707

Restricted cash
 
3,151

 
2,256

Mortgage loans held for sale, net
 
322,944

 
352,489

Property and equipment, net
 
6,763

 
6,327

Reorganization value in excess of amounts allocable to identifiable assets, net
 
7,347

 
7,347

Other assets
 
21,923

 
14,273

 
 
373,209

 
404,399

Total assets
 
$
3,089,823

 
$
2,989,279

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 

 
 
Homebuilding:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
283,762

 
$
261,973

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
322,560

 
341,891

Customer deposits
 
167,676

 
150,033

Senior notes
 
597,527

 
597,066

 
 
1,371,525

 
1,350,963

Mortgage Banking:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
35,982

 
32,824

 
 
35,982

 
32,824

Total liabilities
 
1,407,507

 
1,383,787

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 


 

 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 60,000,000 shares authorized; 20,555,330 shares issued as of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 
206

 
206

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,762,323

 
1,644,197

Deferred compensation trust – 107,336 and 108,640 shares of NVR, Inc. common stock as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
 
(16,928
)
 
(17,383
)
Deferred compensation liability
 
16,928

 
17,383

Retained earnings
 
6,799,175

 
6,231,940

Less treasury stock at cost – 16,960,261 and 16,864,324 shares as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
 
(6,879,388
)
 
(6,270,851
)
Total shareholders' equity
 
1,682,316

 
1,605,492

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
 
$
3,089,823

 
$
2,989,279

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


NVR, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Homebuilding:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenues
 
$
1,809,345

 
$
1,633,726

 
$
5,049,901

 
$
4,394,027

Other income
 
2,840

 
1,715

 
6,981

 
4,264

Cost of sales
 
(1,472,649
)
 
(1,307,971
)
 
(4,101,392
)
 
(3,552,071
)
Selling, general and administrative
 
(109,372
)
 
(95,606
)
 
(321,436
)
 
(294,610
)
Operating income
 
230,164

 
231,864

 
634,054

 
551,610

Interest expense
 
(5,968
)
 
(5,821
)
 
(18,022
)
 
(17,040
)
Homebuilding income
 
224,196

 
226,043

 
616,032

 
534,570

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage Banking:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Mortgage banking fees
 
43,062

 
34,194

 
119,225

 
95,477

Interest income
 
3,362

 
1,953

 
8,370

 
5,168

Other income
 
659

 
583

 
1,824

 
1,398

General and administrative
 
(21,340
)
 
(18,010
)
 
(62,371
)
 
(50,190
)
Interest expense
 
(229
)
 
(299
)
 
(786
)
 
(830
)
Mortgage banking income
 
25,514

 
18,421

 
66,262

 
51,023

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before taxes
 
249,710

 
244,464

 
682,294

 
585,593

Income tax expense
 
(53,894
)
 
(82,362
)
 
(117,255
)
 
(172,691
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
195,816

 
$
162,102

 
$
565,039

 
$
412,902

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
 
$
54.21

 
$
43.26

 
$
155.22

 
$
110.60

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
 
$
48.28

 
$
38.02

 
$
136.53

 
$
98.33

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
 
3,612

 
3,747

 
3,640

 
3,733

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
 
4,056

 
4,263

 
4,139

 
4,199

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


NVR, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
565,039

 
$
412,902

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
15,053

 
17,087

Equity-based compensation expense
 
51,690

 
32,678

Contract land deposit and other impairments, net
 
9,311

 
3,396

Gain on sale of loans, net
 
(92,609
)
 
(73,372
)
Mortgage loans closed
 
(3,472,345
)
 
(2,860,903
)
Mortgage loans sold and principal payments on mortgage loans held for sale
 
3,588,082

 
3,033,239

Distribution of earnings from unconsolidated joint ventures
 
3,863

 
3,536

Net change in assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Increase in inventory
 
(174,871
)
 
(284,459
)
(Increase) decrease in contract land deposits
 
(6,587
)
 
11,306

(Increase) decrease in receivables
 
(7,028
)
 
36

Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
1,201

 
15,109

Increase in customer deposits
 
17,643

 
40,049

Other, net
 
(6,627
)
 
(14,958
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
491,815

 
335,646

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Investments in and advances to unconsolidated joint ventures
 
(284
)
 
(455
)
Distribution of capital from unconsolidated joint ventures
 
7,873

 
7,665

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
(14,818
)
 
(15,670
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment
 
742

 
664

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(6,487
)
 
(7,796
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Purchase of treasury stock
 
(657,369
)
 
(230,199
)
Distributions to partner in consolidated variable interest entity
 
(234
)
 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
115,268

 
130,245

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(542,335
)
 
(99,954
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, restricted cash, and cash equivalents
 
(57,007
)
 
227,896

Cash, restricted cash, and cash equivalents, beginning of the period
 
689,557

 
416,037

 
 
 
 
 
Cash, restricted cash, and cash equivalents, end of the period
 
$
632,550

 
$
643,933

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 

 
 

Interest paid during the period, net of interest capitalized
 
$
24,066

 
$
23,112

Income taxes paid during the period, net of refunds
 
$
125,762

 
$
169,949

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)


1.    Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of NVR, Inc. (“NVR” or the “Company”) and its subsidiaries and certain other entities in which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary (see Notes 2 and 3 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements).  Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  The statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  Because the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP, they should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals except as otherwise noted herein) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain prior period amounts in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation. These reclassifications did not impact total cash from operating, investing or financing activities in the statement of cash flows.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, comprehensive income equaled net income; therefore, a separate statement of comprehensive income is not included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018.
Revenue Recognition
Consistent with the Company’s previous revenue recognition practice, homebuilding revenue is recognized on the settlement date at the contract sales price, when control is transferred to our customers. Mortgage banking revenue recognition will continue to be governed by Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 815 - Derivatives and Hedging and ASC Topic 825 - Financial Instruments, and is not subject to Topic 606. See Note 10 for disclosure of revenue by reporting segment.
The Company’s contract liabilities, consisting of deposits received from customers (“Handmoney”) on homes not settled, were $167,676 and $172,033 as of September 30, 2018 and June 30, 2018, respectively. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company recognized in revenue approximately $91,000 of the Handmoney held as of June 30, 2018. For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized substantially all of the $150,033 in Handmoney held as of December 31, 2017.
The Company’s prepaid sales compensation totaled approximately $21,500 and $19,500, as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. These amounts are included in homebuilding “Other assets” on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

4

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Deferred Revenue
Topic 606 no longer requires sellers of real estate to consider the initial and continuing involvement criteria in ASC 360-20, but instead only conclude on the collectibility of the transaction price. On January 1, 2018, the Company recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment, net of tax, of $2,196 to recognize deferred profit on home settlements for which the Company had previously determined that there was significant continuing involvement and believed to be fully collectible.
Practical Expedients and Exemption
At contract inception, the performance obligation to complete and settle the home with a customer has an expected duration of less than one year. As a result, the Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts.
No other adjustments were made as a result of the adoption of Topic 606.
Other recently adopted accounting pronouncements
The Company adopted ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, effective January 1, 2018. In connection with the adoption of ASU 2016-15, the Company made the election to classify distributions received from unconsolidated joint ventures using the cumulative earnings approach. This election was applied retrospectively, which reclassified a portion of distributions received from the Company's unconsolidated joint ventures between operating and investing activities on the prior year condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and related disclosures.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), Restricted Cash, effective January 1, 2018. The amendments in the standard require that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. As a result, the Company's beginning-of-period and end-of-period cash balances presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows were retrospectively adjusted to include restricted cash with cash and cash equivalents.
The Company's cash and cash equivalents include short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less. Homebuilding restricted cash was attributable to customer deposits for certain home sales. Mortgage banking restricted cash included amounts collected from customers for loans in process and closed mortgage loans held for sale.
The beginning-of-period and end-of-period cash, restricted cash, and cash equivalent balances presented on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows include cash related to a consolidated joint venture, which is included in homebuilding "Other assets" on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets. The cash related to this consolidated joint venture as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $335 and $1,069, respectively, and as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 was $1,177 and $1,214, respectively.
The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and related disclosures.
The Company also adopted ASU 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Scope of Modification Accounting, effective January 1, 2018.  The amendments in the standard clarify when changes in a share-based payment award must be accounted for as a modification, and will allow entities to make certain changes to share-based payment awards without accounting for them as modifications.  Under the new guidance, entities will only apply modification accounting if there are substantive changes made to share-based payment awards.  If a change made to a share-based payment award does not affect the fair value, vesting conditions and classification as either an equity or liability instrument, modification accounting will not need to be applied.  The adoption of this standard did not have any effect on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

5

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

2.    Variable Interest Entities ("VIEs")
Fixed Price Finished Lot Purchase Agreements (“Lot Purchase Agreements”)
NVR generally does not engage in the land development business.  Instead, the Company typically acquires finished building lots at market prices from various development entities under Lot Purchase Agreements.  The Lot Purchase Agreements require deposits that may be forfeited if NVR fails to perform under the Lot Purchase Agreements.  The deposits required under the Lot Purchase Agreements are in the form of cash or letters of credit in varying amounts, and typically range up to 10% of the aggregate purchase price of the finished lots.
NVR believes this lot acquisition strategy reduces the financial requirements and risks associated with direct land ownership and land development.  NVR may, at its option, choose for any reason and at any time not to perform under these Lot Purchase Agreements by delivering notice of its intent not to acquire the finished lots under contract.  NVR’s sole legal obligation and economic loss for failure to perform under these Lot Purchase Agreements is limited to the amount of the deposit pursuant to the liquidated damage provisions contained within the Lot Purchase Agreements.  None of the creditors of any of the development entities with which NVR enters Lot Purchase Agreements have recourse to the general credit of NVR.  NVR generally does not have any specific performance obligations to purchase a certain number or any of the lots, nor does NVR guarantee completion of the development by the developer or guarantee any of the developers’ financial or other liabilities.
NVR is not involved in the design or creation of the development entities from which the Company purchases lots under Lot Purchase Agreements.  The developer’s equity holders have the power to direct 100% of the operating activities of the development entity.  NVR has no voting rights in any of the development entities.  The sole purpose of the development entity’s activities is to generate positive cash flow returns for the equity holders.  Further, NVR does not share in any of the profit or loss generated by the project’s development.  The profits and losses are passed directly to the developer’s equity holders.
The deposit placed by NVR pursuant to the Lot Purchase Agreement is deemed to be a variable interest in the respective development entities.  Those development entities are deemed to be VIEs.  Therefore, the development entities with which NVR enters into Lot Purchase Agreements, including the joint venture limited liability corporations discussed below, are evaluated for possible consolidation by NVR.  An enterprise must consolidate a VIE when that enterprise has a controlling financial interest in the VIE.  An enterprise is deemed to have a controlling financial interest if it has (i) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could be significant to the VIE or the rights to receive benefits from the VIE that could be significant to the VIE.
NVR believes the activities that most significantly impact a development entity’s economic performance are the operating activities of the entity.  The development entity’s equity investors bear the full risk during the development process. Unless and until a development entity completes finished building lots through the development process, the entity does not earn any revenues.  The operating development activities are managed solely by the development entity’s equity investors.
The development entities with which NVR contracts to buy finished lots typically select the respective projects, obtain the necessary zoning approvals, obtain the financing required with no support or guarantees from NVR, select who will purchase the finished lots and at what price, and manage the completion of the infrastructure improvements, all for the purpose of generating a cash flow return to the development entity’s equity holders and all independent of NVR.  The Company possesses no more than limited protective legal rights through the Lot Purchase Agreement in the specific finished lots that it is purchasing, and NVR possesses no participative rights in the development entities.  Accordingly, NVR does not have the power to direct the activities of a developer that most significantly impact the developer’s economic performance.  For this reason, NVR has concluded that it is not the primary beneficiary of the development entities with which the Company enters into Lot Purchase Agreements, and therefore, NVR does not consolidate any of these VIEs.

6

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

As of September 30, 2018, NVR controlled approximately 92,350 lots under Lot Purchase Agreements with third parties through deposits in cash and letters of credit totaling approximately $398,800 and $3,800, respectively.  As noted above, NVR’s sole legal obligation and economic loss for failure to perform under these Lot Purchase Agreements is limited to the amount of the deposit pursuant to the liquidated damage provisions contained in the Lot Purchase Agreements.
In addition, NVR has certain properties under contract with land owners that are expected to yield approximately 7,800 lots, which are not included in the number of total lots controlled.  Some of these properties may require rezoning or other approvals to achieve the expected yield. These properties are controlled with deposits in cash and letters of credit totaling approximately $3,500 and $100, respectively, as of September 30, 2018, of which approximately $1,300 is refundable if certain contractual conditions are not met.  NVR generally expects to assign the raw land contracts to a land developer and simultaneously enter into a Lot Purchase Agreement with the assignee if the project is determined to be feasible.
NVR’s total risk of loss related to contract land deposits as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Contract land deposits
 
$
402,318

 
$
400,428

Loss reserve on contract land deposits
 
(27,968
)
 
(29,999
)
Contract land deposits, net
 
374,350

 
370,429

Contingent obligations in the form of letters of credit
 
3,870

 
1,996

Specific performance obligations (1)
 
1,505

 
1,505

Total risk of loss
 
$
379,725

 
$
373,930

(1)
As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company was committed to purchase 10 finished lots under specific performance obligations.
3.    Joint Ventures
On a limited basis, NVR obtains finished lots using joint venture limited liability corporations (“JVs”). The JVs are typically structured such that NVR is a non-controlling member and is at risk only for the amount the Company has invested, or has committed to invest, in addition to any deposits placed under Lot Purchase Agreements with the joint venture. NVR is not a borrower, guarantor or obligor on any debt of the JVs, as applicable. The Company enters into Lot Purchase Agreements to purchase lots from these JVs, and as a result has a variable interest in these JVs.
During the third quarter of 2018, the Company recognized a $7,400 impairment charge (including approximately $760 of capitalized interest) related to one of these JVs. The charge was recorded to homebuilding "Cost of sales" on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income. None of the other JVs had any indicators of impairment as of September 30, 2018.
At September 30, 2018, the Company had an aggregate investment totaling approximately $31,750 in six JVs that are expected to produce approximately 6,900 finished lots, of which approximately 3,550 lots were controlled by the Company and the remaining approximately 3,350 lots were either under contract with unrelated parties or not currently under contract. In addition, NVR had additional funding commitments totaling approximately $5,000 in the aggregate to three of the JVs at September 30, 2018. The Company has determined that it is not the primary beneficiary of five of the JVs because either NVR and the other JV partner share power or the other JV partner has the controlling financial interest. The aggregate investment in unconsolidated JVs was approximately $31,750 and $49,000 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is reported in the “Other assets” line item on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. For the remaining JV, NVR has concluded that it is the primary beneficiary because the Company has the controlling financial interest in the JV.

7

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The condensed balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 of the consolidated JV were as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
335

 
$
1,069

Other assets
 

 
37

Total assets
 
$
335

 
$
1,106

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and equity:
 
 

 
 

Accrued expenses
 
$
290

 
$
487

Equity
 
45

 
619

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
335

 
$
1,106

The Company recognizes income from the JVs as a reduction to the lot cost of the lots purchased from the respective JVs when the homes are settled, based on the expected total profitability and the total number of lots expected to be produced by the respective JVs. With the Company's adoption of ASU 2016-15 effective January 1, 2018, the Company made the election to classify distributions received from unconsolidated JVs using the cumulative earnings approach. As a result, distributions received up to the amount of cumulative earnings recognized by the Company are reported as distributions of earnings and those in excess of that amount are reported as a distribution of capital. These distributions are classified within the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows as cash flows from operating activities and investing activities, respectively. See Note 1 for additional discussion regarding the Company's adoption of ASU 2016-15.
4.    Land Under Development
On a limited basis, NVR directly acquires raw land parcels already zoned for its intended use to develop into finished lots.  Land under development includes the land acquisition costs, direct improvement costs, capitalized interest where applicable, and real estate taxes.
As of September 30, 2018, NVR directly owned a total of three separate raw land parcels with a carrying value of $36,064 that are expected to produce approximately 500 finished lots. The Company also has additional funding commitments of approximately $7,900 under a joint development agreement related to one parcel, a portion of which the Company expects will be offset by development credits of approximately $4,700.
None of the raw parcels had any indicators of impairment as of September 30, 2018.
5.    Capitalized Interest
The Company capitalizes interest costs to land under development during the active development of finished lots.  In addition, the Company capitalizes interest costs to its joint venture investments while the investments are considered qualified assets pursuant to ASC Topic 835-20 - Interest. Capitalized interest is transferred to sold or unsold inventory as the development of finished lots is completed, then charged to cost of sales upon the Company’s settlement of homes and the respective lots.  Interest incurred in excess of the interest capitalizable based on the level of qualified assets is expensed in the period incurred.

8

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The following table reflects the changes in the Company's capitalized interest during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Interest capitalized, beginning of period
 
$
5,388

 
$
5,952

 
$
5,583

 
$
5,106

Interest incurred
 
6,517

 
6,615

 
19,737

 
19,754

Interest charged to interest expense
 
(6,197
)
 
(6,120
)
 
(18,808
)
 
(17,870
)
Interest charged to cost of sales
 
(1,136
)
 
(778
)
 
(1,940
)
 
(1,321
)
Interest capitalized, end of period
 
$
4,572

 
$
5,669

 
$
4,572

 
$
5,669

6.    Earnings per Share
The following weighted average shares and share equivalents were used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted average number of shares outstanding used to calculate basic EPS
 
3,612

 
3,747

 
3,640

 
3,733

Dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options and restricted share units
 
444

 
516

 
499

 
466

Weighted average number of shares and share equivalents outstanding used to calculate diluted EPS
 
4,056

 
4,263

 
4,139

 
4,199

The following non-qualified stock options ("Options") and restricted share units (RSUs") issued under equity incentive plans were outstanding during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Anti-dilutive securities
 
371

 
8

 
353

 
17

7.    Equity-Based Compensation
The Company’s shareholders approved the NVR, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2018 Plan") at the Company’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders held on May 2, 2018. The 2018 Plan authorizes the Company to issue up to an aggregate of 275 shares of the Company’s common stock in the form of Options and RSUs to key management employees, including executive officers and members of our Board of Directors ("Directors"). Of the 275 aggregate shares available to issue, all may be granted in the form of Options and up to 40 may be granted in the form of RSUs.

9

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

During the second quarter of 2018, the Company issued 332 Options and 16 RSUs under the NVR, Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2010 Plan"), the NVR, Inc. 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2014 Plan"), and the 2018 Plan as follows:
 
 
2010 Plan
 
2014 Plan
 
2018 Plan
Options Granted
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options - service-only (1)
 
4

 
90

 
72

Options - performance-based (2)
 

 
94

 
72

Total Options Granted
 
4

 
184

 
144

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RSUs Granted
 
 
 
 
 
 
RSUs - service-only (3)
 
8

 

 

RSUs - performance-based (4)
 
8

 

 

Total RSUs Granted
 
16

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Of the 166 service-only Options granted, 34 will vest over two years in 50% increments on December 31, 2020 and 2021; the remaining 132 Options will vest over four years in 25% increments on December 31, 2020, 2021, 2022, and 2023. Vesting for the Options is contingent solely upon continued employment or continued service as a Director.
(2) Of the 166 performance-based Options granted, 34 will vest over two years in 50% increments on December 31, 2020 and 2021; the remaining 132 performance-based Options will vest over four years in 25% increments on December 31, 2020, 2021, 2022, and 2023. Vesting for the performance-based Options is contingent upon both continued employment or continued service as a Director and the Company's return on capital performance during 2018 through 2020.
(3) The service-only RSUs granted will vest over two years in 50% increments on December 31, 2022 and 2023. Vesting for the RSUs is contingent solely upon continued employment.
(4) The performance-based RSUs granted will vest over two years in 50% increments on December 31, 2022 and 2023. Vesting for the performance-based RSUs is contingent upon both continued employment and the Company's return on capital performance during 2018 through 2020.
In addition to the above equity grant, the Company also issued a total of 9 Options under the 2010 Plan and 2014 Plan during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The Options granted will predominantly vest annually over four years in 25% increments beginning on December 31, 2020. Vesting for 50% of the Options granted is contingent upon both continued employment and the Company's return on capital performance during 2018 through 2020, while vesting for the other 50% of the Options granted is contingent solely upon continued employment.
All Options were granted at an exercise price equal to the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the day prior to the date of grant, and expire ten years from the date of grant.

10

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The following table provides additional information relative to NVR's equity-based compensation plans for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
Options
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Per Share Exercise Price
Outstanding at December 31, 2017
 
916

 
$
1,119.92

Granted
 
341

 
3,022.95

Exercised
 
(121
)
 
952.18

Forfeited
 
(30
)
 
1,283.48

Outstanding at September 30, 2018
 
1,106

 
$
1,719.97

Exercisable at September 30, 2018
 
341

 
$
959.64

 
 
 
 
 
RSUs
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2017
 
10

 
 
Granted
 
16

 
 
Vested
 
(5
)
 
 
Forfeited
 

 
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2018
 
21

 
 
Vested, but not issued at September 30, 2018
 

 
 
To estimate the grant date fair value of its Options, the Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model (the “Pricing Model”). The Pricing Model estimates the per share fair value of an option on its date of grant based on the following factors: the option’s exercise price, the price of the underlying stock on the date of grant, the estimated dividend yield, a risk-free interest rate, the estimated option term, and the expected volatility. For the risk-free interest rate, the Company uses U.S. Treasury STRIPS which mature at approximately the same time as the option’s expected holding term. For expected volatility, NVR has concluded that its historical volatility over the option’s expected holding term provides the most reasonable basis for this estimate.
The fair value of the Options granted during 2018 was estimated on the grant date using the Pricing Model, based on the following assumptions:
 
 
2018
Estimated option life (years)
 
5.06
Risk-free interest rate (range)
 
2.19% - 2.99%
Expected volatility (range)
 
16.57% - 20.00%
Expected dividend rate
 
—%
Weighted average grant date fair value per share of Options granted
 
$689.09
 
 
 
The weighted-average grant date fair value per share of $3,019.04 for the RSUs granted during 2018 was the closing price of the Company's common stock on the day immediately preceding the grant date.
Compensation cost for Options and RSUs is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award (from the date of grant through the period of the last separately vesting portion of the grant). For the recognition of equity-based compensation, the Options and RSUs that are subject to a performance condition are treated as a separate award from the “service-only” Options and RSUs, and compensation expense for Options and RSUs subject to a performance condition is recognized when it becomes probable that the stated performance target will be achieved. The Company currently believes that it is probable that the performance

11

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

condition will be satisfied at the target level and is recognizing compensation expense related to such Options and RSUs accordingly. Compensation cost is recognized within the income statement in the same expense line as the cash compensation paid to the respective employees.
The Company recognizes forfeitures of equity-based awards as a reduction to compensation costs in the period in which they occur. Total equity-based compensation expense recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $23,586 and $51,690, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, total equity-based compensation expense recognized was $11,211 and $32,678, respectively.
As of September 30, 2018, the total unrecognized compensation cost for all outstanding Options and RSUs was approximately $322,900. The unrecognized compensation cost will be recognized over each grant’s applicable vesting period, with the latest vesting date being December 31, 2023. Unrecognized compensation costs may change depending on the satisfaction of the performance-based metric, discussed above. The weighted-average period over which the unrecognized compensation will be recorded is equal to approximately 2.7 years.
8.    Shareholders’ Equity
A summary of changes in shareholders’ equity is presented below:
 
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Deferred
Compensation
Trust
 
Deferred
Compensation
Liability
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2017
 
$
206

 
$
1,644,197

 
$
6,231,940

 
$
(6,270,851
)
 
$
(17,383
)
 
$
17,383

 
$
1,605,492

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cumulative-effect adjustment from adoption of ASU 2014-09, net of tax
 

 

 
2,196

 

 

 

 
2,196

Net income
 

 

 
565,039

 

 

 

 
565,039

Deferred compensation activity, net
 

 

 

 

 
455

 
(455
)
 

Purchase of common stock for treasury
 

 

 

 
(657,369
)
 

 

 
(657,369
)
Equity-based compensation
 

 
51,690

 

 

 

 

 
51,690

Proceeds from Options exercised
 

 
115,268

 

 

 

 

 
115,268

Treasury stock issued upon option exercise and restricted share vesting
 

 
(48,832
)
 

 
48,832

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018
 
$
206

 
$
1,762,323

 
$
6,799,175

 
$
(6,879,388
)
 
$
(16,928
)
 
$
16,928

 
$
1,682,316

The Company repurchased approximately 222 shares of its common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The Company settles Option exercises and vesting of RSUs by issuing shares of treasury stock.  Approximately 126 shares were issued from the treasury account during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 in settlement of Option exercises and vesting of RSUs.  Shares are relieved from the treasury account based on the weighted average cost basis of treasury shares acquired.
9.    Product Warranties
The Company establishes warranty and product liability reserves (“Warranty Reserve”) to provide for estimated future expenses as a result of construction and product defects, product recalls and litigation incidental to NVR’s homebuilding business.  Liability estimates are determined based on management’s judgment, considering such factors as historical experience, the estimated current cost of corrective action, manufacturers’ and subcontractors’ participation in sharing the cost of corrective action, consultations with third party experts such as engineers, and discussions with the Company’s general counsel and outside counsel retained to handle specific product liability cases.

12

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The following table reflects the changes in the Company’s Warranty Reserve during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Warranty reserve, beginning of period
 
$
99,702

 
$
95,394

 
$
94,513

 
$
93,895

Provision
 
15,900

 
12,940

 
43,644

 
35,107

Payments
 
(15,771
)
 
(11,677
)
 
(38,326
)
 
(32,345
)
Warranty reserve, end of period
 
$
99,831

 
$
96,657

 
$
99,831

 
$
96,657

10.    Segment Disclosures
The following disclosure includes four homebuilding reportable segments that aggregate geographically the Company’s homebuilding operating segments, and the mortgage banking operations presented as one reportable segment.  The homebuilding reportable segments are comprised of operating divisions in the following geographic areas:
Mid Atlantic:
 
Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware and Washington, D.C.
North East:
 
New Jersey and Eastern Pennsylvania
Mid East:
 
New York, Ohio, Western Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois
South East:
 
North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Tennessee
Homebuilding profit before tax includes all revenues and income generated from the sale of homes, less the cost of homes sold, selling, general and administrative expenses and a corporate capital allocation charge.  The corporate capital allocation charge is eliminated in consolidation and is based on the segment’s average net assets employed.  The corporate capital allocation charged to the operating segment allows the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) to determine whether the operating segment’s results are providing the desired rate of return after covering the Company’s cost of capital.  
Certain assets are not allocated to the operating segments as those assets are neither included in the operating segment’s corporate capital allocation charge, nor in the CODM’s evaluation of the operating segment’s performance.  The Company records charges on contract land deposits when it is determined that it is probable that recovery of the deposit is impaired.  For segment reporting purposes, impairments on contract land deposits are generally charged to the operating segment upon the termination of a Lot Purchase Agreement with the developer, or the restructuring of a Lot Purchase Agreement resulting in the forfeiture of the deposit.  Mortgage banking profit before tax consists of revenues generated from mortgage financing, title insurance and closing services, less the costs of such services and general and administrative costs.  Mortgage banking operations are not charged a corporate capital allocation charge.
In addition to the corporate capital allocation and contract land deposit impairments discussed above, the other reconciling items between segment profit and consolidated profit before tax include unallocated corporate overhead (including all management incentive compensation), equity-based compensation expense, consolidation adjustments and external corporate interest expense.  NVR’s overhead functions, such as accounting, treasury and human resources, are centrally performed and the costs are not allocated to the Company’s operating segments.  Consolidation adjustments consist of such items necessary to convert the reportable segments’ results, which are predominantly maintained on a cash basis, to a full accrual basis for external financial statement presentation purposes, and are not allocated to the Company’s operating segments.  External corporate interest expense primarily consists of interest charges on the Company’s 3.95% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “Senior Notes”) and is not charged to the operating segments because the charges are included in the corporate capital allocation discussed above.

13

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The following tables present segment revenues, profit and assets with reconciliations to the amounts reported for the consolidated enterprise, where applicable:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding Mid Atlantic
 
$
991,077

 
$
927,551

 
$
2,807,251

 
$
2,521,967

Homebuilding North East
 
152,858

 
141,033

 
423,190

 
374,804

Homebuilding Mid East
 
391,933

 
338,900

 
1,045,458

 
895,168

Homebuilding South East
 
273,477

 
226,242

 
774,002

 
602,088

Mortgage Banking
 
43,062

 
34,194

 
119,225

 
95,477

Total consolidated revenues
 
$
1,852,407

 
$
1,667,920

 
$
5,169,126

 
$
4,489,504

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income before taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding Mid Atlantic
 
$
115,180

 
$
109,417

 
$
318,447

 
$
274,527

Homebuilding North East
 
18,560

 
18,762

 
51,041

 
41,980

Homebuilding Mid East
 
51,744

 
44,990

 
121,129

 
103,135

Homebuilding South East
 
31,426

 
26,849

 
83,867

 
64,330

Mortgage Banking
 
27,183

 
19,336

 
69,418

 
53,293

Total segment profit before taxes
 
244,093

 
219,354

 
643,902

 
537,265

Reconciling items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contract land deposit reserve adjustment (1)
 
(689
)
 
1,910

 
2,031

 
(882
)
Equity-based compensation expense (2)
 
(23,586
)
 
(11,211
)
 
(51,690
)
 
(32,678
)
Corporate capital allocation (3)
 
55,438

 
51,904

 
160,091

 
147,737

Unallocated corporate overhead
 
(20,424
)
 
(18,768
)
 
(74,211
)
 
(69,362
)
Consolidation adjustments and other
 
831

 
7,087

 
20,142

 
20,513

Corporate interest expense
 
(5,953
)
 
(5,812
)
 
(17,971
)
 
(17,000
)
Reconciling items sub-total
 
5,617

 
25,110

 
38,392

 
48,328

Consolidated income before taxes
 
$
249,710

 
$
244,464

 
$
682,294

 
$
585,593

(1)
This item represents changes to the contract land deposit impairment reserve, which are not allocated to the reportable segments.
(2)
The increase in equity-based compensation expense in the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 was primarily attributable to the issuance of Options and RSUs in the second quarter of 2018. See Note 7 for additional discussion of equity-based compensation.

14

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

(3)
This item represents the elimination of the corporate capital allocation charge included in the respective homebuilding reportable segments.  The corporate capital allocation charge is based on the segment’s monthly average asset balance, and was as follows for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Corporate capital allocation charge:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding Mid Atlantic
 
$
31,733

 
$
32,025

 
$
93,682

 
$
92,154

Homebuilding North East
 
4,565

 
4,244

 
13,325

 
12,191

Homebuilding Mid East
 
9,541

 
7,747

 
26,571

 
22,024

Homebuilding South East
 
9,599

 
7,888

 
26,513

 
21,368

Total
 
$
55,438

 
$
51,904

 
$
160,091

 
$
147,737


 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding Mid Atlantic
 
$
1,098,095

 
$
1,079,225

Homebuilding North East
 
160,541

 
143,008

Homebuilding Mid East
 
324,253

 
263,019

Homebuilding South East
 
340,686

 
277,705

Mortgage Banking
 
365,862

 
397,052

Total segment assets
 
2,289,437

 
2,160,009

Reconciling items:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
598,789

 
645,087

Deferred taxes
 
115,824

 
111,953

Intangible assets and goodwill
 
50,028

 
50,144

Contract land deposit reserve
 
(27,968
)
 
(29,999
)
Consolidation adjustments and other
 
63,713

 
52,085

Reconciling items sub-total
 
800,386

 
829,270

Consolidated assets
 
$
3,089,823

 
$
2,989,279

11.    Fair Value
GAAP assigns a fair value hierarchy to the inputs used to measure fair value.  Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.  Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted market prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.  Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs.
Financial Instruments
The estimated fair values of NVR’s Senior Notes as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $624,000 and $630,000, respectively. The estimated fair value is based on recent market prices of similar transactions, which is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.  The carrying values at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $597,527 and $597,066, respectively.  Except as otherwise noted below, NVR believes that insignificant differences exist between the carrying value and the fair value of its financial instruments, which consist primarily of cash equivalents, due to their short term nature.

15

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Derivative Instruments and Mortgage Loans Held for Sale
In the normal course of business, NVR’s wholly-owned mortgage subsidiary, NVR Mortgage Finance, Inc. (“NVRM”), enters into contractual commitments to extend credit to NVR’s homebuyers with fixed expiration dates.  The commitments become effective when the borrowers "lock-in" a specified interest rate within time frames established by NVRM.  All mortgagors are evaluated for credit worthiness prior to the extension of the commitment.  Market risk arises if interest rates move adversely between the time of the "lock-in" of rates by the borrower and the sale date of the loan to a broker/dealer.  To mitigate the effect of the interest rate risk inherent in providing rate lock commitments to borrowers, NVRM enters into optional or mandatory delivery forward sale contracts to sell whole loans and mortgage-backed securities to broker/dealers.  The forward sales contracts lock in an interest rate and price for the sale of loans similar to the specific rate lock commitments.  NVRM does not engage in speculative or trading derivative activities.  Both the rate lock commitments to borrowers and the forward sale contracts to broker/dealers are undesignated derivatives and, accordingly, are marked to fair value through earnings.  At September 30, 2018, there were contractual commitments to extend credit to borrowers aggregating $864,355 and open forward delivery contracts aggregating $1,120,810, which hedge both the rate lock loan commitments and closed loans held for sale.
The fair value of NVRM’s rate lock commitments to borrowers and the related input levels include, as applicable:
i)
the assumed gain/loss of the expected resultant loan sale (Level 2);
ii)
the effects of interest rate movements between the date of the rate lock and the balance sheet date (Level 2); and
iii)
the value of the servicing rights associated with the loan (Level 2).
The assumed gain/loss considers the excess servicing to be received or buydown fees to be paid upon securitization of the loan.  The excess servicing and buydown fees are calculated pursuant to contractual terms with investors.  To calculate the effects of interest rate movements, NVRM utilizes applicable published mortgage-backed security prices, and multiplies the price movement between the rate lock date and the balance sheet date by the notional loan commitment amount.  NVRM sells all of its loans on a servicing released basis, and receives a servicing released premium upon sale.  Thus, the value of the servicing rights is included in the fair value measurement and is based upon contractual terms with investors and varies depending on the loan type.  NVRM assumes a fallout rate when measuring the fair value of rate lock commitments.  Fallout is defined as locked loan commitments for which NVRM does not close a mortgage loan and is based on historical experience.
The fair value of NVRM’s forward sales contracts to broker/dealers solely considers the market price movement of the same type of security between the trade date and the balance sheet date (Level 2).  The market price changes are multiplied by the notional amount of the forward sales contracts to measure the fair value.
Mortgage loans held for sale are recorded at fair value when closed, and thereafter are carried at the lower of cost or fair value, net of deferred origination costs, until sold.  Fair value is measured using Level 2 inputs.  The fair value of loans held for sale of $322,944 included on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet has been increased by $3,127 from the aggregate principal balance of $319,817. As of December 31, 2017, the fair value of loans held for sale of $352,489 were increased by $1,931 from the aggregate principal balance of $350,558.

16

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The fair value measurement of NVRM's undesignated derivative instruments was as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Rate lock commitments:
 
 
 
 
Gross assets
 
$
12,195

 
$
5,400

Gross liabilities
 
3,165

 
1,832

Net rate lock commitments
 
$
9,030

 
$
3,568

Forward sales contracts:
 
 
 
 
Gross assets
 
$
1,949

 
$
992

Gross liabilities
 
669

 
667

Net forward sales contracts
 
$
1,280

 
$
325

As of both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the net rate lock commitments and the net forward sales contracts are reported in mortgage banking "Other assets" on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The fair value measurement adjustment as of September 30, 2018 was as follows:
 
 
Notional or
Principal
Amount
 
Assumed
Gain/(Loss)
From Loan
Sale
 
Interest
Rate
Movement
Effect
 
Servicing
Rights
Value
 
Security
Price
Change
 
Total Fair
Value
Measurement
Gain/(Loss)
Rate lock commitments
 
$
864,355

 
$
1,486

 
$
(2,376
)
 
$
9,920

 
$

 
$
9,030

Forward sales contracts
 
$
1,120,810

 

 

 

 
1,280

 
1,280

Mortgages held for sale
 
$
319,817

 
667

 
(1,934
)
 
4,394

 

 
3,127

Total fair value measurement
 
 
 
$
2,153

 
$
(4,310
)
 
$
14,314

 
$
1,280

 
$
13,437

The total fair value measurement adjustment as of December 31, 2017 was $5,824. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, NVRM recorded a fair value adjustment to expense of $1,986. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, NVRM recorded a fair value adjustment to income of $7,613. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, NVRM recorded a fair value adjustment to income of $1,572 and $2,931, respectively. Unrealized gains/losses from the change in the fair value measurements are included in earnings as a component of mortgage banking fees in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income.  The fair value measurement will be impacted in the future by the change in the value of the servicing rights, interest rate movements, security price fluctuations, and the volume and product mix of NVRM’s closed loans and locked loan commitments.
12.    Debt
Senior Notes
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had Senior Notes outstanding with a principal balance of $600,000. The Senior Notes mature on September 15, 2022 and bear interest at 3.95%, payable semi-annually in arrears on March 15 and September 15. The Senior Notes were issued at a discount to yield 3.97% and have been reflected net of the unamortized discount and unamortized debt issuance costs in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Credit Agreement
NVR has an unsecured Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which provides for aggregate revolving loan commitments of $200,000 (the “Facility”). Under the Credit Agreement, the Company may request increases of up to $300,000 to the Facility in the form of revolving loan commitments or term loans to the extent that new or existing lenders agree to provide additional revolving loan or term loan commitments.  The Credit Agreement

17

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

provides for a $100,000 sublimit for the issuance of letters of credit, of which approximately $9,600 was outstanding at September 30, 2018, and a $25,000 sublimit for a swing line commitment. The Credit Agreement termination date is July 15, 2021. There was no debt outstanding under the Facility at September 30, 2018.
Repurchase Agreement
NVRM provides for its mortgage origination and other operating activities using cash generated from its operations, borrowings from its parent company, NVR, as well as a revolving mortgage repurchase agreement (the “Repurchase Agreement”), which is non-recourse to NVR.  The Repurchase Agreement provides for loan purchases up to $150,000, subject to certain sub-limits. Amounts outstanding under the Repurchase Agreement are collateralized by the Company’s mortgage loans held for sale.
On July 25, 2018, NVRM entered into the Tenth Amendment (the "Amendment") to its Repurchase Agreement. The Amendment removed the $50,000 incremental commitment that was available under the prior Repurchase Agreement. All other terms and conditions under the Repurchase Agreement remained materially consistent. The Repurchase Agreement expires on July 24, 2019. At September 30, 2018, there were no borrowing base limitations reducing the amount available under the Repurchase Agreement. There was no debt outstanding under the Repurchase Agreement at September 30, 2018.
13.    Commitments and Contingencies
The Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, and based on advice of legal counsel, this litigation is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company. Legal costs incurred in connection with outstanding litigation are expensed as incurred.
14.    Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was 21.6% and 17.2%, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company's effective tax rate was 33.7% and 29.5%, respectively. The reduction in the effective tax rate was primarily due to the following items:
The enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017, which lowered the Company's federal statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%, and
The retroactive reinstatement of certain expired energy tax credits under the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, which resulted in the Company recognizing a tax benefit of approximately $6,200 in the first quarter of 2018 related to homes settled in 2017.
Additionally, the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was favorably impacted by the recognition of an income tax benefit related to excess tax benefits from stock option exercises. This income tax benefit was $12,585 and $58,607 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, and was $8,357 and $44,720 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.
15.    Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize most leases on-balance sheet with a liability equal to the present value of lease payments over the lease term and a right-of-use asset for the right to use the underlying asset over the lease term. Lessees will recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to current GAAP. The standard also requires additional disclosures of key information about leasing arrangements. The standard is effective for the Company as of January 1, 2019. Based on its current portfolio of leases, the Company believes that adoption of this standard will result in the recognition of less than $100,000 of right-of-use assets and corresponding liabilities on its balance sheet, predominately related to real estate leases.

18

NVR, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Additionally, in July 2018 the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, which provides companies with relief from the costs of implementing certain aspects of the new lease standard. The ASU amends Topic 842 so that entities may elect not to restate their comparative periods during transition. Previously, the new lease standard required that an entity apply the new rules beginning with the earliest comparative period of financial statements presented (the "modified retrospective" approach). The Company will elect to use the transition relief provided under Topic 842 when the standard becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2019.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), which significantly changes the way impairment of financial assets is recognized. The standard will require immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur over the remaining life of many financial assets, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for credit losses on loans and other financial instruments. The standard’s provisions will be applied as a cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings as of the effective date. The standard is effective for the Company as of January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2019. The Company does not believe that the adoption of this standard will have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The standard’s objective is to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating the second step from the goodwill impairment test. Under the amendments in the standard, an entity would perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge would then be recognized, not to exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The standard is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020, and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe that the adoption of this standard will have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

19


Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
(dollars in thousands)
Forward-Looking Statements
Some of the statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as statements made by us in periodic press releases or other public communications, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  Certain, but not necessarily all, of such forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” or “anticipates” or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology.  All statements other than of historical facts are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements contained in this document may include those regarding market trends, NVR’s financial position, business strategy, the outcome of pending litigation, investigations or similar contingencies, projected plans and objectives of management for future operations.  Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results or performance of NVR to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.  Such risk factors include, but are not limited to the following: general economic and business conditions (on both a national and regional level); interest rate changes; access to suitable financing by NVR and NVR’s customers; increased regulation in the mortgage banking industry; the ability of our mortgage banking subsidiary to sell loans it originates into the secondary market; competition; the availability and cost of land and other raw materials used by NVR in its homebuilding operations; shortages of labor; weather related slow-downs; building moratoriums; governmental regulation; fluctuation and volatility of stock and other financial markets; mortgage financing availability; and other factors over which NVR has little or no control.  NVR undertakes no obligation to update such forward-looking statements except as required by law.  For additional information regarding risk factors, see Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Part I, Item 1A of NVR’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “NVR,” “we,” “us,” or “our” include NVR and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Results of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
Overview
Business
Our primary business is the construction and sale of single-family detached homes, townhomes and condominiums, all of which are primarily constructed on a pre-sold basis.  To fully serve customers of our homebuilding operations, we also operate a mortgage banking and title services business.  We primarily conduct our operations in mature markets. Additionally, we generally grow our business through market share gains in our existing markets and by expanding into markets contiguous to our current active markets.  Our four homebuilding reportable segments consist of the following regions:
Mid Atlantic:
 
Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware and Washington, D.C.
North East:
 
New Jersey and Eastern Pennsylvania
Mid East:
 
New York, Ohio, Western Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois
South East:
 
North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Tennessee
Our lot acquisition strategy is predicated upon avoiding the financial requirements and risks associated with direct land ownership and development.  We generally do not engage in land development (see discussion below of our land development activities). Instead, we typically acquire finished lots at market prices from various third party land developers pursuant to fixed price finished lot purchase agreements (“Lot Purchase Agreements”).  These Lot Purchase Agreements require deposits, typically ranging up to 10% of the aggregate purchase price of the finished lots, in the form of cash or letters of credit that may be forfeited if we fail to perform under the Lot Purchase Agreement.  This strategy has allowed us to maximize inventory turnover, which we believe enables us to minimize market risk and to operate with less capital, thereby enhancing rates of return on equity and total capital.

20


In addition to constructing homes primarily on a pre-sold basis and utilizing what we believe is a conservative lot acquisition strategy, we focus on obtaining and maintaining a leading market position in each market we serve.  This strategy allows us to gain valuable efficiencies and competitive advantages in our markets, which we believe contributes to minimizing the adverse effects of regional economic cycles and provides growth opportunities within these markets.  Our continued success is contingent upon our ability to control an adequate supply of finished lots on which to build.
In certain specific strategic circumstances, we deviate from our historical lot acquisition strategy and engage in joint venture arrangements with land developers or directly acquire raw ground already zoned for its intended use for development.  Once we acquire control of raw ground, we determine whether to sell the raw parcel to a developer and enter into a Lot Purchase Agreement with the developer to purchase the finished lots or to hire a developer to develop the land on our behalf.  While joint venture arrangements and direct land development activity are not our preferred method of acquiring finished building lots, we may enter into additional transactions in the future on a limited basis where there exists a compelling strategic or prudent financial reason to do so.  We expect, however, to continue to acquire substantially all our finished lot inventory using Lot Purchase Agreements with forfeitable deposits.
As of September 30, 2018, we controlled lots as described below.
Lot Purchase Agreements
We controlled approximately 92,350 lots under Lot Purchase Agreements with third parties through deposits in cash and letters of credit totaling approximately $398,800 and $3,800, respectively. Included in the number of controlled lots are approximately 4,300 lots for which we have recorded a contract land deposit impairment reserve of approximately $28,000 as of September 30, 2018.
Joint Venture Limited Liability Corporations (“JVs”)
We had an aggregate investment totaling approximately $31,750 in six JVs, expected to produce approximately 6,900 lots. Of the lots to be produced by the JVs, approximately 3,550 lots were controlled by us and approximately 3,350 were either under contract with unrelated parties or currently not under contract.
Land Under Development
We directly owned three separate raw land parcels, zoned for their intended use, with a cost basis, including development costs, of approximately $36,100 that we intend to develop into approximately 500 finished lots. We had additional funding commitments of approximately $7,900 under a joint development agreement related to one parcel, a portion of which we expect will be offset by development credits of approximately $4,700.
See Notes 2, 3 and 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein for additional information regarding Lot Purchase Agreements, JVs and land under development, respectively.
Raw Land Purchase Agreements
In addition to the lots we currently control as discussed above, we have certain properties under contract with land owners that are expected to yield approximately 7,800 lots.  Some of these properties may require rezoning or other approvals to achieve the expected yield.  These properties are controlled with deposits in cash and letters of credit totaling approximately $3,500 and $100, respectively, as of September 30, 2018, of which approximately $1,300 is refundable if certain contractual conditions are not met.  We generally expect to assign the raw land contracts to a land developer and simultaneously enter into a Lot Purchase Agreement with the assignee if the project is determined to be feasible.
Current Business Environment and Key Financial Results
During the most recent quarter, general market conditions continued to be favorably impacted by low unemployment and improved consumer confidence. However, demand for new homes experienced some deceleration from the strong demand experienced in prior quarters due to affordability issues attributable in part to rising interest rates. We expect to continue to experience pricing and sales pressure in future quarters due to affordability issues, higher interest rates and a competitive market environment, which includes rising new home and resale inventory levels.

21


Our consolidated revenues for the third quarter of 2018 totaled $1,852,407, an 11% increase from the third quarter of 2017.  Net income for the third quarter ended September 30, 2018 was $195,816, or $48.28 per diluted share, increases of 21% and 27% when compared to net income and diluted earnings per share in the third quarter of 2017, respectively.  Our homebuilding gross profit margin percentage decreased to 18.6% in the third quarter of 2018 from 19.9% in the third quarter of 2017. New orders, net of cancellations (“New Orders”) increased 2% in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the third quarter of 2017. The average sales price for New Orders in the third quarter of 2018 decreased 2% to $374.0 compared to the third quarter of 2017.
Net income and diluted earnings per share were favorably impacted by the reduction in our effective tax rate in the third quarter of 2018 to 21.6% from 33.7% in the third quarter of 2017.  See additional discussion of income taxes in the “Effective Tax Rate” section below.
We believe that a continuation of the housing market recovery is dependent upon a sustained overall economic recovery, driven by continued improvements in job and wage growth and household formation.  We expect to face gross margin pressure which will be impacted by modest pricing power and our ability to manage land and construction costs. We also expect to face pressure on mortgage banking profit due to the competitive pricing pressures in the mortgage market. We believe that we are well positioned to take advantage of opportunities that may arise from future economic and homebuilding market volatility due to the strength of our balance sheet.
Homebuilding Operations
The following table summarizes the results of operations and other data for the consolidated homebuilding operations:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Financial Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
$
1,809,345

 
$
1,633,726

 
$
5,049,901

 
$
4,394,027

Cost of sales
 
$
1,472,649

 
$
1,307,971

 
$
4,101,392

 
$
3,552,071

Gross profit margin percentage
 
18.6
%
 
19.9
%
 
18.8
%
 
19.2
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
109,372

 
$
95,606

 
$
321,436

 
$
294,610

Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New orders (units)
 
4,302

 
4,200

 
14,440

 
13,302

Average new order price
 
$
374.0

 
$
382.8

 
$
376.3

 
$
384.0

Settlements (units)
 
4,754

 
4,158

 
13,261

 
11,331

Average settlement price
 
$
380.5

 
$
392.9

 
$
380.8

 
$
387.7

Backlog (units)
 
 
 
 
 
9,710

 
8,855

Average backlog price
 
 
 
 
 
$
377.1

 
$
386.1

New order cancellation rate
 
15.5
%
 
13.3
%
 
14.0
%
 
13.9
%
Consolidated Homebuilding - Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
Homebuilding revenues increased 11% for the third quarter of 2018 from the same period in 2017, as a result of a 14% increase in the number of units settled, offset partially by a 3% decrease in the average settlement price. The increase in the number of units settled was primarily attributable to a 15% higher backlog unit balance entering the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease in the average settlement price was attributable to a 3% lower average price of units in backlog entering the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017.
Gross profit margin percentage in the third quarter of 2018 was 18.6%, down 133 basis points compared to the third quarter of 2017. Gross profit margin in the third quarter of 2018 was negatively impacted by a $7,400 impairment charge we recognized on one of our JVs. Gross profit margin was also negatively impacted by higher costs for certain construction materials.

22


The number of New Orders increased 2% while the average sales price of New Orders decreased 2% in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the third quarter of 2017.  New Orders increased primarily due to more favorable market conditions entering the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, which led to higher community absorption rates quarter over quarter. The decrease in the average sales price of New Orders was attributable to a relative shift in New Orders to lower priced markets.    
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses in the third quarter of 2018 increased by 14% when compared to the same period in 2017, and as a percentage of revenue increased to 6.0% in the third quarter of 2018 from 5.9% in the third quarter of 2017.  SG&A expense increased primarily due to an $11,200 increase in equity-based compensation due to the equity grants in the second quarter of 2018 as further discussed in Note 7 in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Consolidated Homebuilding - Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
Homebuilding revenues increased 15% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 from the same period in 2017, due primarily to a 17% increase in the number of units settled, offset partially by a 2% decrease in the average settlement price year over year.  The increase in the number of units settled was primarily attributable to a 24% higher backlog unit balance entering 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, offset partially by a lower backlog turnover rate year over year. The decrease in the average settlement price was attributable to a 2% lower average price of units in backlog entering 2018 compared to the same period in 2017.
Gross profit margin percentage in the first nine months of 2018 decreased to 18.8% from 19.2% in 2017, due primarily to higher lot and certain material costs and the aforementioned $7,400 JV impairment charge.
The number of New Orders increased 9% while the average sales price of New Orders decreased by 2% in the first nine months of 2018 when compared to the first nine months of 2017.  New Orders increased primarily due to favorable market conditions in the first nine months of 2018 which led to higher community absorption rates year over year.  The decrease in the average sales price of New Orders is attributable to a shift to lower priced markets and lower priced products.
SG&A expenses in the first nine months of 2018 increased by 9% when compared to the first nine months of 2017, primarily due to an approximate $17,400 increase in equity-based compensation due to the aforementioned second quarter equity grants and an increase in personnel costs. SG&A expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased to 6.4% from 6.7% year over year, due primarily to the 15% increase in revenues.
Backlog units and dollars were 9,710 units and $3,662,037, respectively, as of September 30, 2018 compared to 8,855 units and $3,418,710, respectively, as of September 30, 2017.  The 10% increase in backlog units was primarily attributable to the 24% higher backlog unit balance entering 2018 compared to the same period in 2017. Backlog dollars were favorably impacted by the higher backlog unit balance.
Backlog, which represents homes sold but not yet settled with the customer, may be impacted by customer cancellations for various reasons that are beyond our control, such as failure to obtain mortgage financing, inability to sell an existing home, job loss, or a variety of other reasons.  In any period, a portion of the cancellations that we experience are related to new sales that occurred during the same period, and a portion are related to sales that occurred in prior periods and therefore appeared in the opening backlog for the current period.  Expressed as the total of all cancellations during the period as a percentage of gross sales during the period, our cancellation rate was 14.0% and 13.9% in the first nine months of 2018 and 2017, respectively.  During the most recent four quarters, approximately 5% of a reporting quarter’s opening backlog cancelled during the fiscal quarter. We can provide no assurance that our historical cancellation rates are indicative of the actual cancellation rate that may occur during the remainder of 2018 or future years. Other than those units that are cancelled, we expect to settle substantially all of our September 30, 2018 backlog within the next twelve months.
The backlog turnover rate is impacted by various factors, including, but not limited to, changes in New Order activity, internal production capacity, external subcontractor capacity and other external factors over which we do not exercise control.

23


Reportable Segments
Homebuilding segment profit includes all revenues and income generated from the sale of homes, less the cost of homes sold, SG&A expenses, and a corporate capital allocation charge determined by corporate management.  The corporate capital allocation charge eliminates in consolidation and is based on the segment’s average net assets employed.  The corporate capital allocation charged to the operating segment allows the Chief Operating Decision Maker to determine whether the operating segment’s results are providing the desired rate of return after covering our cost of capital.
We record charges on contract land deposits when we determine that it is probable that recovery of the deposit is impaired.  For segment reporting purposes, impairments on contract land deposits are generally charged to the operating segment upon the termination of a Lot Purchase Agreement with the developer or the restructuring of a Lot Purchase Agreement resulting in the forfeiture of the deposit.  We evaluate our entire net contract land deposit portfolio for impairment each quarter.  For presentation purposes below, the contract land deposit reserve at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 has been allocated to the respective year’s reportable segments to show contract land deposits on a net basis.  The net contract land deposit balances below also include approximately $3,900 and $2,000 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, of letters of credit issued as deposits in lieu of cash.
The following tables summarize certain homebuilding operating activity by reportable segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Selected Segment Financial Data:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
$
991,077

 
$
927,551

 
$
2,807,251

 
$
2,521,967

North East
 
152,858

 
141,033

 
423,190

 
374,804

Mid East
 
391,933

 
338,900

 
1,045,458

 
895,168

South East
 
273,477

 
226,242

 
774,002

 
602,088

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Gross profit margin:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
$
181,993

 
$
176,482

 
$
517,433

 
$
470,809

North East
 
30,184

 
29,854

 
84,701

 
75,088

Mid East
 
78,546

 
68,876

 
197,675

 
173,141

South East
 
55,557

 
46,842

 
152,197

 
120,224

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Gross profit margin percentage:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
18.4
%
 
19.0
%
 
18.4
%
 
18.7
%
North East
 
19.7
%
 
21.2
%
 
20.0
%
 
20.0
%
Mid East
 
20.0
%
 
20.3
%
 
18.9
%
 
19.3
%
South East
 
20.3
%
 
20.7
%
 
19.7
%
 
20.0
%

24


 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Segment profit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
$
115,180

 
$
109,417

 
$
318,447

 
$
274,527

North East
 
18,560

 
18,762

 
51,041

 
41,980

Mid East
 
51,744

 
44,990

 
121,129

 
103,135

South East
 
31,426

 
26,849

 
83,867

 
64,330

Operating Activity:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
New orders, net of cancellations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
2,124

 
$
426.9

 
2,113

 
$
435.7

 
7,041

 
$
429.4

 
6,501

 
$
441.4

North East
 
315

 
$
386.5

 
346

 
$
402.5

 
1,051

 
$
401.5

 
1,066

 
$
407.8

Mid East
 
962

 
$
328.9

 
939

 
$
336.1

 
3,400

 
$
327.7

 
3,218

 
$
330.3

South East
 
901

 
$
293.3

 
802

 
$
289.6

 
2,948

 
$
296.8

 
2,517

 
$
294.6

Total
 
4,302

 
$
374.0

 
4,200

 
$
382.8

 
14,440

 
$
376.3

 
13,302

 
$
384.0

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
Settlements:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Mid Atlantic
 
2,297

 
$
431.4

 
2,048

 
$
452.8

 
6,462

 
$
434.4

 
5,682

 
$
443.8

North East
 
367

 
$
416.5

 
333

 
$
423.5

 
1,022

 
$
414.1

 
930

 
$
403.0

Mid East
 
1,164

 
$
336.6

 
1,021

 
$
331.9

 
3,135

 
$
333.4

 
2,693

 
$
332.3

South East
 
926

 
$
295.3

 
756

 
$
299.3

 
2,642

 
$
293.0

 
2,026

 
$
297.2

Total
 
4,754

 
$
380.5

 
4,158

 
$
392.9

 
13,261

 
$
380.8

 
11,331

 
$
387.7

 
 
As of September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Units
 
Average
Price
 
Units
 
Average
Price
Backlog:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mid Atlantic
 
4,803

 
$
425.0

 
4,360

 
$
439.8

North East
 
711

 
$
405.2

 
744

 
$
414.6

Mid East
 
2,163

 
$
331.2

 
2,024

 
$
334.8

South East
 
2,033

 
$
303.2

 
1,727

 
$
298.4

Total
 
9,710

 
$
377.1

 
8,855