EX-99.(A)(1)(B) 3 a2241697zex-99_a1b.htm EX-99.(A)(1)(B)
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Exhibit (a)(1)(B)

Letter of Transmittal to Tender Shares of Common Stock

of

PORTOLA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

at
$18.00 Net Per Share in Cash
Pursuant to the Offer to Purchase
Dated May 27, 2020
by

ODYSSEY MERGER SUB INC.

a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of

ALEXION PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

THE OFFER AND WITHDRAWAL RIGHTS WILL EXPIRE AT ONE MINUTE FOLLOWING 11:59 P.M., NEW YORK CITY TIME, ON WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2020, UNLESS THE OFFER IS EXTENDED, OR EARLIER TERMINATED.

LOGO

If delivering by mail:   If delivering by hand or courier:

American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC
Operations Center
Attn: Reorganization Department
P.O. Box 2042
New York, New York 10272-2042

 

American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC
Operations Center
Attn: Reorganization Department
6201 15th Avenue
Brooklyn, New York 11219

For assistance call (877) 248-6417 or (718) 921-8317

        Pursuant to the Offer of Purchaser (as defined below) to purchase all issued and outstanding Shares of the Company, the undersigned encloses herewith and surrenders the following certificate(s) representing Shares of the Company:

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  DESCRIPTION OF SHARES SURRENDERED
   
     Name(s) and Address(es) of
Registered Owner(s)
(If blank, please fill in
exactly as name(s) appear(s)
on share certificate(s))
      Shares Surrendered
(attached additional list if necessary)
           
                 Certificated Shares**               
 
                 Certificate
Number(s)*
      Total Number
of Shares
Represented by
Certificate(s)*
      Number of
Shares
Surrendered**
      Book Entry
Shares
Surrendered
   
 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 
 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 
 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 
 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
       *   Need not be completed by book-entry stockholders.    
     **   Unless otherwise indicated, it will be assumed that all shares of common stock represented by certificates described above are being surrendered hereby.    

        Please read the instructions accompanying this Letter of Transmittal carefully before completing this Letter of Transmittal.


        If you would like additional copies of this Letter of Transmittal or any of the other offering documents, you should contact the information agent, Innisfree M&A Incorporated (the "Information Agent"), at (212) 750-5833 if you are a bank or broker or (877) 717-3904 if you are a stockholder.

        You have received this Letter of Transmittal in connection with the offer of Odyssey Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Purchaser") and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware Corporation ("Parent"), to purchase all issued and outstanding shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (collectively, the "Shares"), of Portola Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the "Company"), at a price of $18.00 per Share, net to the holder of such Share, in cash, without interest thereon and subject to any applicable withholding tax, as described in the Offer to Purchase, dated May 27, 2020 (as it may be amended or supplemented from time to time, the "Offer to Purchase" and, together with this Letter of Transmittal, as it may be amended or supplemented from time to time, the "Offer").

        You should use this Letter of Transmittal to deliver to American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC (the "Depositary") Shares represented by stock certificates, or held in book-entry form on the books of the Company, for tender. If you are delivering your Shares by book-entry transfer to an account maintained by the Depositary at The Depository Trust Company ("DTC"), you must use an Agent's Message (as defined in Instruction 2 below). In this Letter of Transmittal, stockholders who deliver certificates representing their Shares are referred to as "Certificate Stockholders," and stockholders who deliver their Shares through book-entry transfer are referred to as "Book-Entry Stockholders."

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        If certificates for your Shares are not immediately available or you cannot deliver your certificates and all other required documents to the Depositary prior to the Offer Expiration Time or you cannot complete the book-entry transfer procedures prior to the Offer Expiration Time, you may nevertheless tender your Shares according to the guaranteed delivery procedures set forth in Section 3—"Procedure for Tendering Shares" of the Offer to Purchase. See Instruction 2 below. Delivery of documents to DTC will not constitute delivery to the Depositary.

o   Check here if tendered Shares are being delivered by book-entry transfer to the account maintained by the Depositary with DTC and complete the following (only financial institutions that are participants in DTC may deliver Shares by book-entry transfer):

 

    Name of Tendering Institution:    

 

    DTC Participant Number:    

 

    Transaction Code Number:    

 

o   Check here if tendered Shares are being delivered pursuant to a Notice of Guaranteed Delivery previously sent to the Depositary and complete the following (please enclose a photocopy of such Notice of Guaranteed Delivery):

 

    Name(s) of Registered Owner(s):    

 

    Window Ticket Number (if any) or DTC Participant Number:    

 

    Date of Execution of Notice of Guaranteed Delivery:    

 

    Name of Institution which Guaranteed Delivery:    

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Note: Signatures must be provided below.
Please read the accompanying instructions carefully.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

        The undersigned hereby tenders to Odyssey Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Purchaser") and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Parent"), the above-described shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (collectively, the "Shares"), of Portola Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the "Company"), at a price of $18.00 per Share, net to the holder of such Share, in cash, without interest and subject to any applicable withholding tax, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Offer to Purchase, receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, and this Letter of Transmittal (as it may be amended or supplemented from time to time, this "Letter of Transmittal" and, together with the Offer to Purchase, as it may be amended or supplemented from time to time, the "Offer"). The undersigned understands that Purchaser reserves the right to transfer or assign, from time to time, in whole or in part, to one or more of its affiliates, the right to purchase the Shares tendered herewith.

        On the terms and subject to the conditions of the Offer (including, if the Offer is extended or amended, the terms and conditions of such extension or amendment), subject to, and effective upon, acceptance for purchase and payment for the Shares validly tendered herewith, and not properly withdrawn pursuant to the Offer and prior to the Offer Expiration Time, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers to, or upon the order of, Purchaser, all right, title and interest in and to all of the Shares being tendered hereby and any and all cash dividends, distributions, rights, other Shares or other securities or rights issued or issuable in respect of such Shares on or after the date hereof (collectively, "Distributions"). In addition, the undersigned hereby irrevocably appoints American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC (the "Depositary") the true and lawful agent and attorney-in-fact and proxy of the undersigned with respect to such Shares and any Distributions with full power of substitution (such proxies and power of attorney being deemed to be an irrevocable power coupled with an interest in the tendered shares) to the full extent of such stockholder's rights with respect to such Shares and any Distributions (i) to deliver certificates representing Shares (the "Share Certificates") and any Distributions, or transfer of ownership of such Shares and any Distributions on the account books maintained by DTC, together, in either such case, with all accompanying evidence of transfer and authenticity, to or upon the order of Purchaser, (ii) to present such Shares and any Distributions for transfer on the books of the Company, and (iii) to receive all benefits and otherwise exercise all rights of beneficial ownership of such Shares and any Distributions, all in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions of the Offer.

        The undersigned hereby irrevocably appoints each of the designees of Purchaser the attorneys-in-fact and proxies of the undersigned, each with full power of substitution, to the full extent of such stockholder's rights with respect to the Shares tendered hereby which have been accepted for purchase and with respect to any Distributions. The designees of Purchaser will, with respect to the Shares and any associated Distributions for which the appointment is effective, be empowered to exercise all voting and any other rights of such stockholder, as they, in their sole discretion, may deem proper at any annual, special, adjourned or postponed meeting of the Company's stockholders, by written consent in lieu of any such meeting or otherwise. This proxy and power of attorney shall be irrevocable and coupled with an interest in the tendered Shares. Such appointment is effective when, and only to the extent that, Purchaser accepts the Shares tendered with this Letter of Transmittal for purchase pursuant to the Offer. Upon the effectiveness of such appointment, without further action, all prior powers of attorney, proxies and consents given by the undersigned with respect to such Shares and any associated Distributions will be revoked and no subsequent powers of attorney, proxies, consents or revocations may be given (and, if given, will not be deemed effective). Purchaser reserves the right to require that, in order for Shares to be deemed validly tendered, immediately upon Purchaser's acceptance for purchase of such Shares, Purchaser must be able to exercise full voting,

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consent and other rights, to the extent permitted under applicable law, with respect to such Shares and any associated Distributions, including voting at any meeting of stockholders or executing a written consent concerning any matter.

        The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that the undersigned has full power and authority to tender, sell, assign and transfer the Shares and any Distributions tendered hereby and, when the same are accepted for purchase by Purchaser, Purchaser will acquire good, marketable and unencumbered title thereto, free and clear of all liens, restrictions, charges and encumbrances and the same will not be subject to any adverse claim. The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that the undersigned is the registered owner of the Shares, or the Share Certificate(s) have been endorsed to the undersigned in blank, or the undersigned is a participant in DTC whose name appears on a security position listing as the owner of the Shares. The undersigned will, upon request, execute and deliver any additional documents deemed by the Depositary or Purchaser to be necessary or desirable to complete the sale, assignment and transfer of the Shares and any Distributions tendered hereby. In addition, the undersigned shall promptly remit and transfer to the Depositary for the account of Purchaser any and all Distributions in respect of the Shares tendered hereby, accompanied by appropriate documentation of transfer and, pending such remittance or appropriate assurance thereof, Purchaser shall be entitled to all rights and privileges as owner of any such Distributions and may withhold the entire purchase price or deduct from the purchase price the amount or value thereof, as determined by Purchaser in its sole discretion.

        It is understood that the undersigned will not receive payment for the Shares unless and until the Shares are accepted for purchase and until the Share Certificate(s) owned by the undersigned are received by the Depositary at the address set forth above, together with such additional documents as the Depositary may require, or, in the case of Shares held in book-entry form, ownership of Shares is validly transferred on the account books maintained by DTC, and until the same are processed for purchase by the Depositary.

        It is understood that the method of delivery of the Shares, the Share Certificate(s) and all other required documents (including delivery through DTC) is at the option and risk of the undersigned and that the risk of loss of such Shares, Share Certificate(s) and other documents shall pass only after the Depositary has actually received the Shares or Share Certificate(s). If delivery is by mail, it is recommended that all such documents be sent by properly insured registered mail with return receipt requested. In all cases, sufficient time should be allowed to ensure timely delivery.

        All authority conferred or agreed to be conferred pursuant to this Letter of Transmittal shall not be affected by, and shall survive, the death or incapacity of the undersigned and any obligation of the undersigned hereunder shall be binding upon the heirs, executors, administrators, trustees in bankruptcy, personal representatives, successors and assigns of the undersigned. Except as stated in the Offer to Purchase, this tender is irrevocable.

        The undersigned understands that the acceptance for purchase by Purchaser of Shares tendered pursuant to one of the procedures described in Section 3—"Procedure for Tendering Shares" of the Offer to Purchase and in the instructions hereto will constitute a binding agreement between the undersigned and Purchaser upon the terms and subject to the conditions of the Offer.

        Unless otherwise indicated herein under "Special Payment Instructions," please issue the check for the purchase price in the name(s) of, and/or return any Share Certificates representing Shares not tendered or accepted for purchase to, the registered owner(s) appearing under "Description of Shares Tendered." Similarly, unless otherwise indicated under "Special Delivery Instructions," please mail the check for the purchase price and/or return any Share Certificates representing Shares not tendered or accepted for purchase (and accompanying documents, as appropriate) to the address(es) of the registered owner(s) appearing under "Description of Shares Tendered." In the event that both the Special Delivery Instructions and the Special Payment Instructions are completed, please issue the

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check for the purchase price and/or issue any Share Certificates representing Shares not tendered or accepted for purchase (and any accompanying documents, as appropriate) in the name of, and deliver such check and/or return such Share Certificates (and any accompanying documents, as appropriate) to, the person or persons so indicated. Unless otherwise indicated herein in the box titled "Special Payment Instructions," please credit any Shares tendered hereby or by an Agent's Message (as defined in Instruction 2 below) and delivered by book-entry transfer, but which are not purchased, by crediting the account at DTC designated above. The undersigned recognizes that Purchaser has no obligation pursuant to the Special Payment Instructions to transfer any Shares from the name of the registered owner thereof if Purchaser does not accept for purchase any of the Shares so tendered.

     SPECIAL PAYMENT INSTRUCTIONS
(See Instructions 1, 4, 5 and 7)
          SPECIAL DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS
(See Instructions 1, 4, 5 and 7)
   
                 To be completed ONLY if Share Certificate(s) not tendered or not accepted for purchase and/or the check for the purchase price in consideration of Shares accepted for purchase are to be issued in the name of someone other than the undersigned or if Shares tendered by book-entry transfer which are not accepted for purchase are to be returned by credit to an account maintained at DTC other than that designated above.

Issue: o  Check and/or  o  Share Certificates to:
                      To be completed ONLY if Share Certificate(s) not tendered or not accepted for purchase and/or the check for the purchase price of Shares accepted for purchase are to be sent to someone other than the undersigned or to the undersigned at an address other than that shown in the box titled "Description of Shares Tendered" above.

Deliver: o  Check(s) and/or  o  Share Certificates to:
   

 

 

Name:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

 

 
 
         (Please Print)               (Please Print)    
    Address:               Address:        
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
        (Include Zip Code)               (Include Zip Code)    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
        (Social Security Number or other Taxpayer Identification Number)                    

 

 

o

 

Credit Shares tendered by book-entry transfer that are not accepted for purchase to the DTC account set forth below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
        (DTC Account Number)                    
                              

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IMPORTANT—SIGN HERE
(United States Stockholders Please Also Complete the Enclosed IRS Form W-9)
(Non-United States Stockholders Please Obtain and Complete Applicable IRS Form W-8)


 

 

 
(Signature(s) of Stockholder(s))

Dated:                        , 2020

(Must be signed by registered owner(s) exactly as name(s) appear(s) on Share Certificate(s) or on a security position listing or by person(s) authorized to become registered owner(s) by certificates and documents transmitted herewith. If signature is by trustees, executors, administrators, guardians, attorneys-in-fact, officers of corporations or others acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity, please set forth full title and see Instruction 5. For information concerning signature guarantees, see Instruction 1.)

Name(s):    
    (Please Print)

 

Capacity (full title):    

 

Address:    

    

 

 

    

 

 
(Include Zip Code)

 

Area Code and Telephone Number:    

 

Social Security No. or other
Taxpayer Identification No.:
   

GUARANTEE OF SIGNATURE(S)
(For use by Eligible Institutions only;
see Instructions 1 and 5)

Name of Firm:    
    (Please Print)

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 
(Include Zip Code)

 

Authorized Signature:    

 

Name:    

    

 

 
(Please Type or Print)

 

Area Code and Telephone Number:    

Dated                        , 2020


    

 

 
Place medallion guarantee in space below:

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INSTRUCTIONS
Forming Part of the Terms and Conditions of the Offer

        1.    Guarantee of Signatures.    Except as otherwise provided below, all signatures on this Letter of Transmittal must be guaranteed by a financial institution (including most commercial banks, savings and loan associations and brokerage houses) that is a member in good standing of a recognized Medallion Program approved by the Securities Transfer Association, Inc., including the Security Transfer Agents Medallion Program, the New York Stock Exchange Medallion Signature Program and the Stock Exchanges Medallion Program (each, an "Eligible Institution"). Signatures on this Letter of Transmittal need not be guaranteed (i) if this Letter of Transmittal is signed by the registered owner(s) (which term, for purposes of this document, includes any participant in any of DTC's systems whose name appears on a security position listing as the owner of the Shares) of Shares tendered herewith and such registered owner has not completed the box titled "Special Payment Instructions" or the box titled "Special Delivery Instructions" on this Letter of Transmittal or (ii) if such Shares are tendered for the account of an Eligible Institution. See Instruction 5.

        2.    Delivery of Letter of Transmittal and Certificates.    This Letter of Transmittal is to be completed by stockholders if Share Certificates are to be forwarded herewith. If tenders are to be made pursuant to the procedures for tender by book-entry transfer set forth in Section 3—"Procedure for Tendering Shares" of the Offer to Purchase, an Agent's Message must be utilized. A manually executed facsimile of this document may be used in lieu of the original. Share Certificates representing all physically tendered Shares as well as this Letter of Transmittal properly completed and duly executed with any required signature guarantees, or an Agent's Message in the case of a book-entry transfer, and any other documents required by this Letter of Transmittal, must be received by the Depositary at its address set forth herein prior to the Offer Expiration Time (as defined in Section 1—"Terms of the Offer" of the Offer to Purchase). Please do not send your Share Certificates directly to Purchaser, Parent, or the Company.

        Stockholders whose Share Certificates are not immediately available or who cannot deliver all other required documents to the Depositary prior to the Offer Expiration Time or who cannot complete the procedures for book-entry transfer prior to the Offer Expiration Time may nevertheless tender their Shares by properly completing and duly executing a Notice of Guaranteed Delivery pursuant to the guaranteed delivery procedure set forth in Section 3—"Procedure for Tendering Shares" of the Offer to Purchase. Pursuant to such procedure: (i) such tender must be made by or through an Eligible Institution, (ii) a properly completed and duly executed Notice of Guaranteed Delivery substantially in the form provided by Purchaser must be received by the Depositary prior to the Offer Expiration Time, and (iii) Share Certificates representing all tendered Shares, in proper form for transfer, this Letter of Transmittal (or facsimile thereof), properly completed and duly executed with any required signature guarantees (or, in the case of a book-entry transfer, an Agent's Message), and all other documents required by this Letter of Transmittal, if any, must be received by the Depositary within two Nasdaq trading days after the date of execution of such Notice of Guaranteed Delivery.

        A properly completed and duly executed Letter of Transmittal (or facsimile thereof) must accompany each such delivery of Share Certificates to the Depositary.

        The term "Agent's Message" means a message, transmitted through electronic means by DTC in accordance with the normal procedures of DTC and the Depositary, to, and received by, the Depositary, which states that DTC has received an express acknowledgment from the participant tendering the Shares that such participant has received and agrees to be bound by the terms of the Letter of Transmittal and that Purchaser may enforce such agreement against the participant. The term "Agent's Message" also includes any hard copy printout evidencing such message generated by a computer terminal maintained at the Depositary's office.

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        The method of delivery of the Shares, this Letter of Transmittal and all other required documents, including delivery through DTC, is at the election and risk of the tendering stockholder. Delivery of all such documents will be deemed made and risk of loss of the Share Certificates shall pass only when actually received by the Depositary. If such delivery is by mail, it is recommended that all such documents be sent by properly insured registered mail with return receipt requested. In all cases, sufficient time should be allowed to ensure timely delivery.

        No alternative, conditional or contingent tenders will be accepted and no fractional Shares will be purchased. All tendering stockholders, by execution of this Letter of Transmittal (or facsimile thereof), waive any right to receive any notice of the acceptance of their Shares for purchase.

        All questions as to the validity, form, eligibility (including time of receipt) and acceptance of any tender of Shares, including questions as to the proper completion or execution of any Letter of Transmittal, Notice of Guaranteed Delivery or other required documents and as to the proper form for transfer of any Share certificates, will be resolved by Purchaser, in its reasonable discretion, whose determination will be final and binding. Purchaser will have the absolute right to determine whether to reject any or all tenders not in proper or complete form or to waive any irregularities or conditions, and Purchaser's interpretation of the Offer, the Offer to Purchase, this Letter of Transmittal and the instructions hereto and the Notice of Guaranteed Delivery (including the determination of whether any tender is complete and proper) will be final and binding. Notwithstanding the foregoing, stockholders of the Company may challenge a determination made by Purchaser in a court of competent jurisdiction and a final, non-appealable order or judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction will be final and binding on all parties. No tender of Shares will be deemed to have been validly made until all defects or irregularities relating thereto have been cured or waived. None of Purchaser, Parent, the Depositary, the Information Agent, the Company or any other person will be under any duty to give notification of any defects or irregularities in tenders or incur any liability for failure to give any such notification. No alternative, conditional or contingent tenders will be accepted and no fractional Shares will be purchased.

        3.    Inadequate Space.    If the space provided herein is inadequate, the certificate numbers and/or the number of Shares should be listed on a separate schedule attached hereto and separately signed on each page thereof in the same manner as this Letter of Transmittal is signed.

        4.    Partial Tenders (Applicable to Certificate Stockholders Only).    If fewer than all the Shares evidenced by any Share Certificate delivered to the Depositary are to be tendered, fill in the number of Shares which are to be tendered in the column titled "Number of Shares Tendered" in the box titled "Description of Shares Tendered." In such cases, new certificate(s) for the remainder of the Shares that were evidenced by the old certificate(s) but not tendered will be sent to the registered owner, unless otherwise provided in the appropriate box on this Letter of Transmittal, as soon as practicable after the Offer Expiration Time. All Shares represented by Share Certificates delivered to the Depositary will be deemed to have been tendered unless otherwise indicated.

        5.    Signatures on Letter of Transmittal; Stock Powers and Endorsements.    If this Letter of Transmittal is signed by the registered owner(s) of the Shares tendered hereby, the signature(s) must correspond with the name(s) as written on the face of the Share Certificate(s) without alteration or any other change whatsoever.

        If any Shares tendered hereby are owned of record by two or more joint owners, all such owners must sign this Letter of Transmittal.

        If any tendered Shares are registered in the names of different holder(s), it will be necessary to complete, sign and submit as many separate Letters of Transmittal (or facsimiles thereof) as there are different registrations of such Shares.

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        If this Letter of Transmittal or any certificates or stock powers are signed by trustees, executors, administrators, guardians, attorneys-in-fact, officers of corporations or others acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity, such persons should so indicate when signing, and proper evidence satisfactory to Purchaser of their authority so to act must be submitted.

        If this Letter of Transmittal is signed by the registered owner(s) of the Shares listed and transmitted hereby, no endorsements of Share Certificates or separate stock powers are required unless payment is to be made to, or Share Certificates representing Shares not tendered or accepted for purchase are to be issued in the name of, a person other than the registered owner(s), in which case the Share Certificates representing the Shares tendered by this Letter of Transmittal must be endorsed or accompanied by appropriate stock powers, in either case, signed exactly as the name(s) of the registered owner(s) or holder(s) appear(s) on the Share Certificates. Signatures on such Share Certificates or stock powers must be guaranteed by an Eligible Institution.

        If this Letter of Transmittal is signed by a person other than the registered owner(s) of the Share(s) listed, the Share Certificate(s) must be endorsed or accompanied by the appropriate stock powers, in either case, signed exactly as the name or names of the registered owner(s) or holder(s) appear(s) on the Share Certificate(s). Signatures on such Share Certificates or stock powers must be guaranteed by an Eligible Institution.

        6.    Transfer Taxes.    Purchaser will pay any transfer taxes with respect to the transfer and sale of Shares to it or to its order pursuant to the Offer (for the avoidance of doubt, transfer taxes do not include income or withholding taxes). If, however, payment of the purchase price is to be made to, or (in the circumstances permitted hereby) if Share Certificates not tendered or accepted for purchase are to be registered in the name of, any person other than the registered owner(s), or if tendered Share Certificates are registered in the name of any person other than the person signing this Letter of Transmittal, the amount of any transfer taxes (whether imposed on the registered owner(s) or such person) payable on account of the transfer to such person will be deducted from the purchase price unless satisfactory evidence of the payment of such taxes, or exemption therefrom, is submitted.

        Except as provided in this Instruction 6, it will not be necessary for transfer tax stamps to be affixed to the Share Certificates listed in this Letter of Transmittal.

        7.    Special Payment and Delivery Instructions.    If a check for the purchase price is to be issued, and/or Share Certificates representing Shares not tendered or accepted for purchase are to be issued or returned to, a person other than the signer(s) of this Letter of Transmittal or to an address other than that shown in the box titled "Description of Shares Tendered" above, the appropriate boxes on this Letter of Transmittal should be completed. Stockholders delivering Shares tendered hereby or by Agent's Message by book-entry transfer may request that Shares not purchased be credited to an account maintained at DTC as such stockholder may designate in the box titled "Special Payment Instructions" herein. If no such instructions are given, all such Shares not purchased will be returned by crediting the same account at DTC as the account from which such Shares were delivered.

        8.    Requests for Assistance or Additional Copies.    Questions or requests for assistance may be directed to the Information Agent at its address and telephone number set forth below or to your broker, dealer, commercial bank or trust company. Additional copies of the Offer to Purchase, this Letter of Transmittal, the Notice of Guaranteed Delivery and other tender offer materials may be obtained from the Information Agent as set forth below, and will be furnished at Purchaser's expense.

        9.    Backup Withholding.    Under U.S. federal income tax laws, the Depositary will be required to withhold a portion of the amount of any payments made to certain stockholders pursuant to the Offer or the Merger (as defined in the Offer to Purchase), as applicable. In order to avoid such backup withholding, each tendering stockholder or payee that is a "U.S. person" as defined in the instructions to the enclosed Form W-9 ("United States Stockholder"), must provide the Depositary with such

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stockholder's or payee's correct taxpayer identification number ("TIN") and certify that such stockholder or payee is not subject to such backup withholding by completing the attached Form W-9. Certain stockholders or payees (such as corporations and foreign persons) may be exempt from these backup withholding or reporting requirements. Please review the "Important Tax Information" for applicable procedures for documenting such exempt status.

        Note: Failure to complete and return the Form W-9 or appropriate Form W-8, as applicable, may result in backup withholding of a portion of any payments made to you pursuant to the Offer. Please review the "Important Tax Information" section below.

        10.    Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated or Stolen Share Certificates.    If any Share Certificate has been lost, destroyed, mutilated or stolen, the stockholder should promptly notify the Company's stock transfer agent, American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC at (877) 248-6417 or (718) 921-8317. The stockholder will then be instructed as to the steps that must be taken in order to replace the Share Certificate. This Letter of Transmittal and related documents cannot be processed until the procedures for replacing lost, mutilated, destroyed or stolen Share Certificates have been followed.

        11.    Waiver of Conditions.    Subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement (as defined in the Offer to Purchase) and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the conditions of the Offer may be waived by Parent and Purchaser in whole or in part at any time and from time to time in their sole discretion (other than the Minimum Tender Condition and the Termination Condition (each as defined in the Offer to Purchase)).

        Important: This Letter of Transmittal (or a manually executed facsimile copy thereof) or an Agent's Message, together with Share Certificate(s) or a properly completed and duly executed Notice of Guaranteed Delivery and all other required documents, must be received by the Depositary prior to the Offer Expiration Time.


IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION

        Under current U.S. federal income tax law, each tendering stockholder or other payee may be subject to backup withholding.

        In order to avoid such backup withholding, a United States Stockholder must provide the Paying Agent with their correct TIN and certify that they are not subject to such backup withholding by completing the Form W-9 provided herewith. In general, if a United States Stockholder is an individual, the TIN is the Social Security number of such individual. If the Paying Agent is not provided with the correct TIN, the United States Stockholder may be subject to a $50 penalty imposed by the Internal Revenue Service and consideration payable to the United States Stockholder may be subject to backup withholding at the applicable rate (currently 24%). For further information concerning backup withholding and instructions for completing the Form W-9 (including how to obtain a TIN if you do not have one and how to complete the Form W-9 if the Company's stock certificates are held in more than one name), consult the instructions to the enclosed Form W-9.

        Certain Stockholders (such as corporations) are not subject to these backup withholding and reporting requirements and should indicate their exempt status on the enclosed Form W-9 by furnishing their TIN, checking the appropriate "exempt payee code" box(es) on the form, and signing and dating the form. Also, Stockholders or payees that are not United States Stockholders are generally not subject to these backup withholding requirements. To prevent possible erroneous backup withholding, such foreign persons should complete, sign, and submit to the Depositary a Form W-8BEN, Form W-8BEN-E or other appropriate version of Form W-8. The Forms W-8 may be obtained from the Depositary or downloaded from the Internal Revenue Service's website at the following address: http://www.irs.gov.

        Failure to complete the Form W-9 or Form W-8 will not, by itself, cause the Company's stock certificates to be deemed invalidly tendered, but may require the Paying Agent to withhold a portion of

11


the amount of any payments made pursuant to the Offer or the Merger. Backup withholding is not an additional U.S. federal income tax. Rather, the U.S. federal income tax liability of a person subject to backup withholding will be reduced by the amount of tax withheld. If withholding results in an overpayment of taxes, a refund may be obtained provided that the required information is timely furnished to the Internal Revenue Service.

        Note: Failure to complete and return the Form W-9 or Form W-8 may result in backup withholding of a portion of any payments made to you pursuant to the Offer or the Merger. Please review the instructions to the enclosed Form W-9 for additional details.

12


 

requester. Do not entities, not individuals; payee code (if any) from FATCA reporting y) o accounts maintained outside th or TIN, later. Under penalties of perjury, I certify that: 1. The number shown on this form is my correct taxpayer identification number (or I am waiting for a number to be issued to me); and 2. I am not subject to backup withholding because: (a) I am exempt from backup withholding, or (b) I have not been notified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that I am subject to backup withholding as a result of a failure to report all interest or dividends, or (c) the IRS has notified me that I am no longer subject to backup withholding; and 3. I am a U.S. citizen or other U.S. person (defined below); and 4. The FATCA code(s) entered on this form (if any) indicating that I am exempt from FATCA reporting is correct. Certification instructions. You must cross out item 2 above if you have been notified by the IRS that you are currently subject to backup withholding because you have failed to report all interest and dividends on your tax return. For real estate transactions, item 2 does not apply. For mortgage interest paid, acquisition or abandonment of secured property, cancellation of debt, contributions to an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), and generally, payments other than interest and dividends, you are not required to sign the certification, but you must provide your correct TIN. See the instructions for Part II, later. U.S. person Date  Form 1099-DIV (dividends, including those from stocks or mutual funds)  Form 1099-MISC (various types of income, prizes, awards, or gross proceeds)  Form 1099-B (stock or mutual fund sales and certain other transactions by brokers)  Form 1099-S (proceeds from real estate transactions)  Form 1099-K (merchant card and third party network transactions)  Form 1098 (home mortgage interest), 1098-E (student loan interest), 1098-T (tuition)  Form 1099-C (canceled debt)  Form 1099-A (acquisition or abandonment of secured property) Use Form W-9 only if you are a U.S. person (including a resident alien), to provide your correct TIN. If you do not return Form W-9 to the requester with a TIN, you might be subject to backup withholding. See What is backup withholding, later. General Instructions Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted. Future developments. For the latest information about developments related to Form W-9 and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to www.irs.gov/FormW9. Purpose of Form An individual or entity (Form W-9 requester) who is required to file an information return with the IRS must obtain your correct taxpayer identification number (TIN) which may be your social security number (SSN), individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), adoption taxpayer identification number (ATIN), or employer identification number (EIN), to report on an information return the amount paid to you, or other amount reportable on an information return. Examples of information returns include, but are not limited to, the following:  Form 1099-INT (interest earned or paid) Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) Cat. No. 10231X 14 Sign Here Signature of Note. If the account is in more than one name, see the instructions for line 1. Also see What Name and Number To Give the Requester for guidelines on whose number to enter. Employer identification number – Part II Certification Form W-9 (Rev. October 2018) Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification Go to www.irs.gov/FormW9 for instructions and the latest information. Give Form to the send to the IRS. Print or type See Specific Instructions on page 2. 1 Name (as shown on your income tax return). Name is required on this line; do not leave this line blank. 2 Business name/disregarded entity name, if different from above 3 Check appropriate box for federal tax classification of the person whose name is entered on line 1. Check only one of the following seven boxes.  Individual/sole proprietor or C Corporation S Corporation Partnership Trust/estate single-member LLC  Limited liability company. Enter the tax classification (C=C corporation, S=S corporation, P=partnership) Note. Check the appropriate box in the line above for the tax classification of the single-member owner. Do not check LLC if the LLC is classified as a single-member LLC that is disregarded from the owner unless the owner of the LLC is another LLC that is not disregarded from the owner for U.S. federal tax purposes. Otherwise, a single member LLC that is disregarded from the owner should check the appropriate box for the tax classification of its owner.  Other (see instructions) 4 Exempt to certain see instru Exempt ions (codes apply only ctions on page 3): e U.S.) Exemption code (if an (Applies t 5 Address (number, street, and apt. or suite no.) See instructions. Requester’s name and address (optional) 6 City, state, and ZIP code 7 List account number(s) here (optional) Part I Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) Enter your TIN in the appropriate box. The TIN provided must match the name given on line 1 to avoid backup withholding. For individuals, this is generally your social security number (SSN). However, for a resident alien, sole proprietor, or disregarded entity, see the instructions for Part I, later. For other entities, it is your employer identification number (EIN). If you do not have a number, see How to get a Social security number ––

 

Page 2 Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) Example. Article 20 of the U.S.-China income tax treaty allows an By signing the filled-out form, you: 1. Certify that the TIN you are giving is correct (or you are waiting for a number to be issued), 2. Certify that you are not subject to backup withholding, or 3. Claim exemption from backup withholding if you are a U.S. exempt payee. If applicable, you are also certifying that as a U.S. person, your allocable share of any partnership income from a U.S. trade or business is not subject to the withholding tax on foreign partners’ share of effectively connected income, and 4. Certify that FATCA code(s) entered on this form (if any) indicating that you are exempt from the FATCA reporting, is correct. See What is FATCA reporting, later, further information. Note. If you are a U.S. person and a requester gives you a form other than Form W-9 to request your TIN, you must use the requester’s form if it is substantially similar to this Form W-9. Definition of a U.S. person. For federal tax purposes, you are considered a U.S. person if you are:  An individual who is a U.S. citizen or U.S. resident alien;  A partnership, corporation, company, or association created or organized in the United States or under the laws of the United States;  An estate (other than a foreign estate); or  A domestic trust (as defined in Regulations section 301.7701-7). Special rules for partnerships. Partnerships that conduct a trade or business in the United States are generally required to pay a withholding tax under section 1446 on any foreign partners’ share of effectively connected taxable income from such business. Further, in certain cases where a Form W-9 has not been received, the rules under section 1446 require a partnership to presume that a partner is a foreign person, and pay the section 1446 withholding tax. Therefore, if you are a U.S. person that is a partner in a partnership conducting a trade or business in the United States, provide Form W-9 to the partnership to establish your U.S. status and avoid section 1446 withholding on your share of partnership income. In the cases below, the following person must give Form W-9 to the partnership for purposes of establishing its U.S. status and avoiding withholding on its allocable share of net income from the partnership conducting a trade or business in the United States:  In the case of a disregarded entity with a U.S. owner, the U.S. owner of the disregarded entity and not the entity;  In the case of a grantor trust with a U.S. grantor or other U.S. owner, generally, the U.S. grantor or other U.S. owner of the grantor trust and not the trust; and  In the case of a U.S. trust (other than a grantor trust), the U.S. trust (other than a grantor trust) and not the beneficiaries of the trust. Foreign person. If you are a foreign person or the U.S. branch of a foreign bank that has elected to be treated as a U.S. person, do not use Form W-9. Instead, use the appropriate Form W-8 or Form 8233 (see Pub. 515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities). Nonresident alien who becomes a resident alien. Generally, only a nonresident alien individual may use the terms of a tax treaty to reduce or eliminate U.S. tax on certain types of income. However, most tax treaties contain a provision known as a “saving clause.” Exceptions specified in the saving clause may permit an exemption from tax to continue for certain types of income even after the payee has otherwise become a U.S. resident alien for tax purposes. If you are a U.S. resident alien who is relying on an exception contained in the saving clause of a tax treaty to claim an exemption from U.S. tax on certain types of income, you must attach a statement to Form W-9 that specifies the following five items: 1. The treaty country. Generally, this must be the same treaty under which you claimed exemption from tax as a nonresident alien. 2. The treaty article addressing the income. 3. The article number (or location) in the tax treaty that contains the saving clause and its exceptions. 4. The type and amount of income that qualifies for the exemption from tax. 5. Sufficient facts to justify the exemption from tax under the terms of the treaty article. exemption from tax for scholarship income received by a Chinese student temporarily present in the United States. Under U.S. law, this student will become a resident alien for tax purposes if his or her stay in the United States exceeds 5 calendar years. However, paragraph 2 of the first Protocol to the U.S.-China treaty (dated April 30, 1984) allows the provisions of Article 20 to continue to apply even after the Chinese student becomes a resident alien of the United States. A Chinese student who qualifies for this exception (under paragraph 2 of the first protocol) and is relying on this exception to claim an exemption from tax on his or her scholarship or fellowship income would attach to Form W-9 a statement that includes the information described above to support that exemption. If you are a nonresident alien or a foreign entity, give the requester the appropriate completed Form W-8 or Form 8233. Backup Withholding What is backup withholding? Persons making certain payments to you must under certain conditions withhold and pay to the IRS 24% of such payments. This is called “backup withholding.” Payments that may be subject to backup withholding include interest, tax-exempt interest, dividends, broker and barter exchange transactions, rents, royalties, nonemployee pay, payments made in settlement of payment card and third party network transactions, and certain payments from fishing boat operators. Real estate transactions are not subject to backup withholding. You will not be subject to backup withholding on payments you receive if you give the requester your correct TIN, make the proper certifications, and report all your taxable interest and dividends on your tax return. Payments you receive will be subject to backup withholding if: 1. You do not furnish your TIN to the requester, 2. You do not certify your TIN when required (see the instructions for Part II for details), 3. The IRS tells the requester that you furnished an incorrect TIN, 4. The IRS tells you that you are subject to backup withholding because you did not report all your interest and dividends on your tax return (for reportable interest and dividends only), or 5. You do not certify to the requester that you are not subject to backup withholding under 4 above (for reportable interest and dividend accounts opened after 1983 only). Certain payees and payments are exempt from backup withholding. See Exempt payee code, later, and the separate Instructions for the Requester of Form W-9 for more information. Also see Special rules for partnerships earlier. What is FATCA Reporting? The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) requires a participating foreign financial institution to report all United States account holders that are specified United States persons. Certain payees are exempt from FATCA reporting. See Exemption from FATCA reporting code, later, and the Instructions for the Requester of Form W-9 for more information. Updating Your Information You must provide updated information to any person to whom you claimed to be an exempt payee if you are no longer an exempt payee and anticipate receiving reportable payments in the future from this person. For example, you may need to provide updated information if you are a C corporation that elects to be an S corporation, or if you no longer are tax exempt. In addition, you must furnish a new Form W-9 if the name or TIN changes for the account; for example, if the grantor of a grantor trust dies. Penalties Failure to furnish TIN. If you fail to furnish your correct TIN to a requester, you are subject to a penalty of $50 for each such failure unless your failure is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. Civil penalty for false information with respect to withholding. If you make a false statement with no reasonable basis that results in no backup withholding, you are subject to a $500 penalty. 15

 

Page 3 Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) Criminal penalty for falsifying information. Willfully falsifying certifications or affirmations may subject you to criminal penalties including fines and/or imprisonment. Misuse of TINs. If the requester discloses or uses TINs in violation of federal law, the requester may be subject to civil and criminal penalties. Specific Instructions Line 1 You must enter one of the following on this line; do not leave this line blank. The name should match the name on your tax return. If this Form W-9 is for a joint account (other than an account maintained by a foreign financial institution (FFI)), list first, and then circle, the name of the person or entity whose number you entered in Part I of Form W-9. If you are providing Form W-9 to an FFI to document a joint account, each holder of the account that is a U.S. person must provide a Form W-9. a. Individual. Generally, enter the name shown on your tax return. If you have changed your last name without informing the Social Security Administration (SSA) of the name change, enter your first name, the last name as shown on your social security card, and your new last name. Note: ITIN applicant: Enter your individual name as it was entered on your Form W-7 application, line 1a. This should also be the same as the name you entered on the Form 1040/1040A/1040EZ you filed with your application. b. Sole proprietor or single-member LLC. Enter your individual name as shown on your 1040/1040A/1040EZ on line 1. You may enter your business, trade, or “doing business as” (DBA) name on line 2. c. Partnership, LLC that is not a single-member LLC, C Corporation, or S Corporation. Enter the entity’s name as shown on the entity’s tax return on line 1 and any business, trade, or DBA name on line 2. d. Other entities. Enter your name as shown on required U.S. federal tax documents on line 1. This name should match the name shown on the charter or other legal document creating the entity. You may enter any business, trade, or DBA name on line 2. e. Disregarded entity. For U.S. federal tax purposes, an entity that is disregarded as an entity separate from its owner is treated as a “disregarded entity.” See Regulations section 301.7701-2(c)(2)(iii). Enter the owner’s name on line 1. The name of the entity entered on line 1 should never be a disregarded entity. The name on line 1 should be the name shown on the income tax return on which the income should be reported. For example, if a foreign LLC that is treated as a disregarded entity for U.S. federal tax purposes has a single owner that is a U.S. person, the U.S. owner’s name is required to be provided on line 1. If the direct owner of the entity is also a disregarded entity, enter the first owner that is not disregarded for federal tax purposes. Enter the disregarded entity’s name on line 2, “Business name/disregarded entity name.” If the owner of the disregarded entity is a foreign person, the owner must complete an appropriate Form W-8 instead of a Form W-9. This is the case even if the foreign person has a U.S. TIN. Line 2 If you have a business name, trade name, DBA name, or disregarded entity name, you may enter it on line 2. Line 3 Check the appropriate box on line 3 for the U.S. federal tax classification of the person whose name is entered on line 1. Check only one box on line 3. Line 4, Exemptions If you are exempt from backup withholding and/or FATCA reporting, enter in the appropriate space on line 4 any code(s) that may apply to you. Exempt payee code.  Generally, individuals (including sole proprietors) are not exempt from backup withholding.  Except as provided below, corporations are exempt from backup withholding for certain payments, including interest and dividends.  Corporations are not exempt from backup withholding for payments made in settlement of payment card or third party network transactions.  Corporations are not exempt from backup withholding with respect to attorneys’ fees or gross proceeds paid to attorneys, and corporations that provide medical or health care services are not exempt with respect to payments reportable on Form 1099-MISC. The following codes identify payees that are exempt from backup withholding. Enter the appropriate code in the space in line 4. 1 — An organization exempt from tax under section 501(a), any IRA, or a custodial account under section 403(b)(7) if the account satisfies the requirements of section 401(f)(2) 2 — The United States or any of its agencies or instrumentalities 3 — A state, the District of Columbia, a U.S. commonwealth or possession, or any of their political subdivisions or instrumentalities 4 — A foreign government or any of its political subdivisions, agencies, or instrumentalities 5 — A corporation 6 — A dealer in securities or commodities required to register in the United States, the District of Columbia, or a U.S. commonwealth or possession 7 — A futures commission merchant registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission 8 — A real estate investment trust 9 — An entity registered at all times during the tax year under the Investment Company Act of 1940 10 — A common trust fund operated by a bank under section 584(a) 11 — A financial institution 12 — A middleman known in the investment community as a nominee or custodian 13 — A trust exempt from tax under section 664 or described in section 4947 16 IF the entity/person on line 1 is a(n) . . . THEN check the box for . . . Corporation Corporation Individual Sole proprietorship, or Single-member limited liability company (LLC) owned by an individual and disregarded for U.S. federal tax purposes. Individual/sole proprietor or single-member LLC LLC treated as a partnership for U.S. federal tax purposes, LLC that has filed Form 8832 or 2553 to be taxed as a corporation, or LLC that is disregarded as an entity separate from its owner but the owner is another LLC that is not disregarded for U.S. federal tax purposes. Limited liability company and enter the appropriate tax classification. (P= Partnership; C= C corporation; or S= S corporation) Partnership Partnership Trust/estate Trust/estate

 

Page 4 Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) The following chart shows types of payments that may be exempt M — A tax exempt trust under a section 403(b) plan or section 457(g) plan Note: You may wish to consult with the financial institution requesting this form to determine whether the FATCA code and/or exempt payee code should be completed. Line 5 Enter your address (number, street, and apartment or suite number). This is where the requester of this Form W-9 will mail your information returns. If this address differs from the one the requester already has on file, write NEW at the top. If a new address is provided, there is still a chance the old address will be used until the payor changes your address in their records. Line 6 Enter your city, state, and ZIP code. Part I. Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) from backup withholding. The chart applies to the exempt payees listed above, 1 through 13. Enter your TIN in the appropriate box. If you are a resident alien and you do not have and are not eligible to get an SSN, your TIN is your IRS individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Enter it in the social security number box. If you do not have an ITIN, see How to get a TIN below. If you are a sole proprietor and you have an EIN, you may enter either your SSN or EIN. If you are a single-member LLC that is disregarded as an entity separate from its owner, enter the owner’s SSN (or EIN, if the owner has one). Do not enter the disregarded entity’s EIN. If the LLC is classified as a corporation or partnership, enter the entity’s EIN.. Note: See What Name and Number To Give the Requester, later, for further clarification of name and TIN combinations. How to get a TIN. If you do not have a TIN, apply for one immediately. To apply for an SSN, get Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, from your local SSA office or get this form online at www.SSA.gov. You may also get this form by calling 1-800-772-1213. Use Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, to apply for an ITIN, or Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number, to apply for an EIN. You can apply for an EIN online by accessing the IRS website at www.irs.gov/Businesses and clicking on Employer Identification Number (EIN) under Starting a Business. Go to www.irs.gov/Forms to view, download, or print Form W-7 and/or Form SS-4. Or, you can go to www.irs.gov/OrderForms to place an order and have Form W-7 and/or SS-4 mailed to you within 10 business days. If you are asked to complete Form W-9 but do not have a TIN, apply for a TIN and write “Applied For” in the space for the TIN, sign and date the form, and give it to the requester. For interest and dividend payments, and certain payments made with respect to readily tradable instruments, generally you will have 60 days to get a TIN and give it to the requester before you are subject to backup withholding on payments. The 60-day rule does not apply to other types of payments. You will be subject to backup withholding on all such payments until you provide your TIN to the requester. Note: Entering “Applied For” means that you have already applied for a TIN or that you intend to apply for one soon. Caution: A disregarded U.S. entity that has a foreign owner must use the appropriate Form W-8. Part II. Certification To establish to the withholding agent that you are a U.S. person, or resident alien, sign Form W-9. You may be requested to sign by the withholding agent even if item 1, 4, or 5 below indicates otherwise. For a joint account, only the person whose TIN is shown in Part I 1 See Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, and its instructions. However, the following payments made to a corporation and reportable on Form 1099-MISC are not exempt from backup withholding: medical and health care payments, attorneys’ fees, gross proceeds paid to an attorney reportable under section 6045(f), and payments for services paid by a federal executive agency. 2 Exemption from FATCA reporting code. The following codes identify payees that are exempt from reporting under FATCA. These codes apply to persons submitting this form for accounts maintained outside of the United States by certain foreign financial institutions. Therefore, if you are only submitting this form for an account you hold in the United States, you may leave this field blank. Consult with the person requesting this form if you are uncertain if the financial institution is subject to these requirements. A requester may indicate that a code is not required by providing you with a Form W-9 with “Not Applicable” (or any similar indication) written or printed on the line for a FATCA exemption code. A — An organization exempt from tax under section 501(a) or any individual retirement plan as defined in section 7701(a)(37) B — The United States or any of its agencies or instrumentalities C — A state, the District of Columbia, a U.S. commonwealth or possession, or any of their political subdivisions or instrumentalities D — A corporation the stock of which is regularly traded on one or more established securities markets, as described in Regulations section 1.1472-1(c)(1)(i) E — A corporation that is a member of the same expanded affiliated group as a corporation described in Regulations section 1.1472-1(c)(1)(i) F — A dealer in securities, commodities, or derivative financial instruments (including notional principal contracts, futures, forwards, and options) that is registered as such under the laws of the United States or any state G — A real estate investment trust H — A regulated investment company as defined in section 851 or an entity registered at all times during the tax year under the Investment Company Act of 1940 I — A common trust fund as defined in section 584(a) J — A bank as defined in section 581 K — A broker L — A trust exempt from tax under section 664 or described in section 4947(a)(1) should sign (when required). In the case of a disregarded entity, the person identified on line 1 must sign. Exempt payees, see Exempt payee code, earlier. Signature requirements. Complete the certification as indicated in items 1 through 5 below. 17 IF the payment is for . . . THEN the payment is exempt for . . . Interest and dividend payments All exempt payees except for 7 Broker transactions Exempt payees 1 through 4 and 6 through 11 and all C corporations. S corporations must not enter an exempt payee code because they are exempt only for sales of noncovered securities acquired prior to 2012. Barter exchange transactions and patronage dividends Exempt payees 1 through 4 Payments over $600 required to be reported and direct sales over $5,0001 Generally, exempt payees 1 through 52 Payments made in settlement of payment card or third party network transactions Exempt payees 1 through 4

 

Page 5 Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) entity (such as a state or local prison) that receives agricultural you are subject to backup withholding and you are merely providing Regulations section 1.671-4(b)(2)(i)(B)) 4. Other payments. You must give your correct TIN, but you do not have to sign the certification unless you have been notified that you have previously given an incorrect TIN. “Other payments” include payments made in the course of the requester’s trade or business for rents, royalties, goods (other than bills for merchandise), medical and health care services (including payments to corporations), payments to a nonemployee for services, payments made in settlement of payment card and third party network transactions, payments to certain fishing boat crew members and fishermen, and gross proceeds paid to attorneys (including payments to corporations). 5. Mortgage interest paid by you, acquisition or abandonment of 1 List first and circle the name of the person whose number you furnish. If only one person on a joint account has an SSN, that person’s number must be furnished. 2 Circle the minor’s name and furnish the minor’s SSN. 3 You must show your individual name and you may also enter your business or DBA name on the “Business name/disregarded entity” name line. You may use either your SSN or EIN (if you have one), but the IRS encourages you to use your SSN. 4 List first and circle the name of the trust, estate, or pension trust. (Do not furnish the TIN of the personal representative or trustee unless the legal entity itself is not designated in the account title.) Also see Special rules for partnerships, earlier. *Note: The grantor also must provide a Form W-9 to trustee of trust. Note: If no name is circled when more than one name is listed, the number will be considered to be that of the first name listed. Secure Your Tax Records From Identity Theft Identity theft occurs when someone uses your personal information such as your name, SSN, or other identifying information, without your permission, to commit fraud or other crimes. An identity thief may use your SSN to get a job or may file a tax return using your SSN to receive a refund. To reduce your risk:  Protect your SSN,  Ensure your employer is protecting your SSN, and  Be careful when choosing a tax preparer. If your tax records are affected by identity theft and you receive a notice from the IRS, respond right away to the name and phone number printed on the IRS notice or letter. If your tax records are not currently affected by identity theft but you think you are at risk due to a lost or stolen purse or wallet, questionable credit card activity or credit report, contact the IRS Identity Theft Hotline at 1-800-908-4490 or submit Form 14039. For more information, see Pub. 5027, Identity Theft Information for Taxpayers. Victims of identity theft who are experiencing economic harm or a systemic problem, or are seeking help in resolving tax problems that have not been resolved through normal channels, may be eligible for Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) assistance. You can reach TAS by calling the TAS toll-free case intake line at 1-877-777-4778 or TTY/TDD 1-800-829-4059. Protect yourself from suspicious emails or phishing schemes. Phishing is the creation and use of email and websites designed to mimic legitimate business emails and websites. The most common act is sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft. secured property, cancellation of debt, qualified tuition program payments (under section 529), ABLE accounts (under section 529A), IRA, Coverdell ESA, Archer MSA or HSA contributions or distributions, and pension distributions. You must give your correct TIN, but you do not have to sign the certification. What Name and Number To Give the Requester 18 For this type of account: Give name and SSN of: 1. Individual 2. Two or more individuals (joint account) other than an account maintained by an FFI 3. Two or more U.S. persons (joint account maintained by an FFI) 4. Custodian account of a minor (Uniform Gift to Minors Act) 5. a. The usual revocable savings trust (grantor is also trustee) b. So-called trust account that is not a legal or valid trust under state law 6. Sole proprietorship or disregarded entity owned by an individual 7. Grantor trust filing under Optional Form 1099 Filing Method 1 (see Regulations section 1.671-4(b)(2)(i) (A)) The individual The actual owner of the account or, if combined funds, the first individual on the account1 Each holder of the account The minor2 The grantor-trustee1 The actual owner1 The owner3 The grantor* For this type of account: Give name and EIN of: 8. Disregarded entity not owned by an individual 9. A valid trust, estate, or pension trust 10. Corporation or LLC electing corporate status on Form 8832 or Form 2553 11. Association, club, religious, charitable, educational, or other tax-exempt organization 12. Partnership or multi-member LLC 13. A broker or registered nominee The owner Legal entity4 The corporation The organization The partnership The broker or nominee 1. Interest, dividend, and barter exchange accounts opened before 1984 and broker accounts considered active during 1983. You must give your correct TIN, but you do not have to sign the certification. 2. Interest, dividend, broker, and barter exchange accounts opened after 1983 and broker accounts considered inactive during 1983. You must sign the certification or backup withholding will apply. If your correct TIN to the requester, you must cross out item 2 in the certification before signing the form. 3. Real estate transactions. You must sign the certification. You may cross out item 2 of the certification. For this type of account: Give name and EIN of: 14. Account with the Department of Agriculture in the name of a public government, school district, or program payments 15. Grantor trust filing under the Form 1041 Filing Method or the Optional Form 1099 Filing Method 2 (see The public entity The trust

 

Page 6 Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2018) The IRS does not initiate contacts with taxpayers via emails. Also, the Privacy Act Notice Section 6109 of the Internal Revenue Code requires you to provide your correct TIN to persons (including federal agencies) who are required to file information returns with the IRS to report interest, dividends, or certain other income paid to you; mortgage interest you paid; the acquisition or abandonment of secured property; the cancellation of debt; or contributions you made to an IRA, Archer MSA, or HSA. The person collecting this form uses the information on the form to file information returns with the IRS, reporting the above information. Routine uses of this information include giving it to the Department of Justice for civil and criminal litigation and to cities, states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths and possessions for use in administering their laws. The information also may be disclosed to other countries under a treaty, to federal and state agencies to enforce civil and criminal laws, or to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to combat terrorism. You must provide your TIN whether or not you are required to file a tax return. Under section 3406, payers must generally withhold a percentage of taxable interest, dividend, and certain other payments to a payee who does not give a TIN to the payer. Certain penalties may also apply for providing false or fraudulent information. IRS does not request personal detailed information through email or ask taxpayers for the PIN numbers, passwords, or similar secret access information for their credit card, bank, or other financial accounts. If you receive an unsolicited email claiming to be from the IRS, forward this message to phishing@irs.gov. You may also report misuse of the IRS name, logo, or other IRS property to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) at 1-800-366-4484. You can forward suspicious emails to the Federal Trade Commission at: spam@uce.gov or report them at www.ftc.gov/complaint. You can contact the FTC at www.ftc.gov/idtheft or 877-IDTHEFT (877-438-4338). If you have been the victim of identity theft, see www.IdentityTheft.gov and Pub. 5027. Visit www.irs.gov/IdentityTheft to learn more about identity theft and how to reduce your risk. 19

 

The Depositary for the Offer is:

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If delivering by mail:   If delivering by hand or courier:

American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC
Operations Center
Attn: Reorganization Department
P.O. Box 2042
New York, New York 10272-2042

 

American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC
Operations Center
Attn: Reorganization Department
6201 15th Avenue
Brooklyn, New York 11219

Delivery of this Letter of Transmittal to an address other than as set forth above will not constitute a valid delivery to the Depositary.

        Any questions or requests for assistance may be directed to the Information Agent at its telephone number and location listed below. Requests for additional copies of this Offer to Purchase and the Letter of Transmittal may be directed either to the Information Agent at the telephone numbers and location listed below. You may also contact your broker, dealer, commercial bank or trust company or other nominee for assistance concerning the Offer.

The Information Agent for the Offer is:

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Innisfree M&A Incorporated
501 Madison Avenue, 20th floor
New York, New York 10022

Stockholders Call Toll-Free: (877) 717-3904
Banks and Brokers Call Collect: (212) 750-5833




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Note: Signatures must be provided below. Please read the accompanying instructions carefully.
INSTRUCTIONS Forming Part of the Terms and Conditions of the Offer
IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION