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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2020
OR
 
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________ .
Commission File Number 0-21180
intuit2016rgb080317a23.jpg
INTUIT INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
77-0034661
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

2700 Coast Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(650944-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
 
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
 
INTU
 
Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting
company
Emerging growth
company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 260,771,340 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, were outstanding at May 15, 2020.
 



INTUIT INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 EX-31.01
 EX-31.02
 EX-32.01
 EX-32.02
 EX-101.INS XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
 EX-101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 EX-101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 EX-101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 EX-101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
 EX-101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
Intuit, the Intuit logo, QuickBooks, TurboTax, Mint, Lacerte, ProSeries, and Intuit ProConnect, among others, are registered trademarks and/or registered service marks of Intuit Inc., or one of its subsidiaries, in the United States and other countries. Other parties’ marks are the property of their respective owners.

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
2         
 


Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties may be amplified by the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, which has caused significant economic instability and uncertainty. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts Intuit’s business, operations and financial results, including the duration and magnitude of such effects, will depend on numerous evolving factors, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, the duration and spread of the pandemic, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or respond to its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. Please also see the section entitled "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of Part II of this Report for important information to consider when evaluating these statements. All statements in this report, other than statements that are purely historical, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “forecast,” “estimate,” “seek,” and similar expressions also identify forward-looking statements. In this report, forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the following:
our expectations and beliefs regarding future conduct and growth of the business;
statements regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business;
the timing of when individuals will file their tax returns;
our beliefs and expectations regarding seasonality, competition and other trends that affect our business;
our expectation that we will continue to invest significant resources in our product development, marketing and sales capabilities;
our expectation that we will continue to invest significant management attention and resources in our information technology infrastructure and in our privacy and security capabilities;
our expectation that we will work with the broader industry and government to protect our customers from fraud;
our expectation that we will generate significant cash from operations;
our expectation that total service and other revenue as a percentage of our total revenue will continue to grow;
our expectations regarding the development of future products, services, business models and technology platforms and our research and development efforts;
our assumptions underlying our critical accounting policies and estimates, including our judgments and estimates regarding revenue recognition; stock volatility and other assumptions used to estimate the fair value of share-based compensation; the fair value of goodwill; and expected future amortization of acquired intangible assets;
our intention not to sell our investments and our belief that it is more likely than not that we will not be required to sell them before recovery at par;
our belief that the investments we hold are not other-than-temporarily impaired;
our belief that we take prudent measures to mitigate investment related risks;
our belief that our exposure to currency exchange fluctuation risk will not be significant in the future;
our assessments and estimates that determine our effective tax rate;
our belief that it is not reasonably possible that there will be a significant increase or decrease in our unrecognized tax benefits over the next 12 months;
our belief that our cash and cash equivalents, investments and cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our seasonal working capital needs, capital expenditure requirements, contractual obligations (including the purchase of Credit Karma, Inc. ("Credit Karma")), debt service requirements and other liquidity requirements associated with our operations for at least the next 12 months;
our expectation that we will return excess cash generated by operations to our stockholders through repurchases of our common stock and the payment of cash dividends, after taking into account our operating and strategic cash needs;
our judgments and assumptions relating to our loan portfolio;
our belief that the credit facilities will be available to us should we choose to borrow under them;
our assessments and beliefs regarding the future outcome of pending legal proceedings and inquiries by regulatory authorities, the liability, if any, that Intuit may incur as a result of those proceedings and inquiries, and the impact of any potential losses associated with such proceedings or inquiries on our financial statements; and
our expectations and beliefs regarding the pending acquisition of Credit Karma.
We caution investors that forward-looking statements are only predictions based on our current expectations about future events and are not guarantees of future performance. We encourage you to read carefully all information provided in this Quarterly Report and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission before deciding to invest in our stock or to maintain or change your investment. These forward-looking statements are based on information as of the filing date of this Quarterly Report, and we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statement for any reason.

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
3         
 

Table of Contents

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions, except per share amounts)
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
 
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
443

 
$
498

 
$
1,341

 
$
1,378

Service and other
2,559

 
2,774

 
4,522

 
4,412

Total net revenue
3,002

 
3,272

 
5,863

 
5,790

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of product revenue
16

 
19

 
57

 
60

Cost of service and other revenue
405

 
330

 
982

 
811

Amortization of acquired technology
5

 
5

 
17

 
15

Selling and marketing
648

 
652

 
1,624

 
1,546

Research and development
332

 
311

 
999

 
900

General and administrative
181

 
170

 
486

 
447

Amortization of other acquired intangible assets
2

 
1

 
5

 
4

Total costs and expenses
1,589

 
1,488

 
4,170

 
3,783

Operating income
1,413

 
1,784

 
1,693

 
2,007

Interest expense
(2
)
 
(4
)
 
(7
)
 
(12
)
Interest and other income, net
(3
)
 
17

 
26

 
23

Income before income taxes
1,408

 
1,797

 
1,712

 
2,018

Income tax provision
324

 
419

 
331

 
417

Net income
$
1,084

 
$
1,378

 
$
1,381

 
$
1,601

 
 
 


 


 
 
Basic net income per share
$
4.15

 
$
5.30

 
$
5.29

 
$
6.16

Shares used in basic per share calculations
261

 
260

 
261

 
260

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share
$
4.11

 
$
5.22

 
$
5.24

 
$
6.06

Shares used in diluted per share calculations
264

 
264

 
264

 
264

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.53

 
$
0.47

 
$
1.59

 
$
1.41

See accompanying notes.

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
4         
 

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions)
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
 
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,084

 
$
1,378

 
$
1,381

 
$
1,601

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale debt securities
(2
)
 
1

 

 
2

Foreign currency translation loss
(7
)
 
(3
)
 
(8
)
 
(4
)
Total other comprehensive loss, net
(9
)
 
(2
)
 
(8
)
 
(2
)
Comprehensive income
$
1,075

 
$
1,376

 
$
1,373

 
$
1,599

See accompanying notes.


 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
5         
 

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
April 30,
2020
 
July 31,
2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
3,371

 
$
2,116

Investments
600

 
624

Accounts receivable, net
219

 
87

Income taxes receivable
6

 
65

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
277

 
266

Current assets before funds held for customers
4,473

 
3,158

Funds held for customers
389

 
436

Total current assets
4,862

 
3,594

Long-term investments
19

 
13

Property and equipment, net
745

 
780

Operating lease right-of-use assets
220

 

Goodwill
1,653

 
1,655

Acquired intangible assets, net
34

 
54

Other assets
231

 
187

Total assets
$
7,764

 
$
6,283

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$
350

 
$
50

Accounts payable
384

 
274

Accrued compensation and related liabilities
348

 
385

Deferred revenue
632

 
619

Income taxes payable
325

 
4

Other current liabilities
285

 
198

Current liabilities before customer fund deposits
2,324

 
1,530

Customer fund deposits
389

 
436

Total current liabilities
2,713

 
1,966

Long-term debt
48

 
386

Long-term deferred income tax liabilities
22

 
37

Operating lease liabilities
215

 

Other long-term obligations
26

 
145

Total liabilities
3,024

 
2,534

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital
6,132

 
5,775

Treasury stock, at cost
(11,929
)
 
(11,611
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(44
)
 
(36
)
Retained earnings
10,581

 
9,621

Total stockholders’ equity
4,740

 
3,749

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
7,764

 
$
6,283

See accompanying notes

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
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Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended April 30, 2020
(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at January 31, 2020
260,517

 
$
6,014

 
$
(11,889
)
 
$
(35
)
 
$
9,637

 
$
3,727

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
(9
)
 
1,084

 
1,075

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
369

 
14

 
 
 

 

 
14

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(137
)
 

 
(40
)
 

 

 
(40
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($0.53 per share)

 

 

 

 
(140
)
 
(140
)
Share-based compensation expense

 
104

 

 

 

 
104

Balance at April 30, 2020
260,749

 
$
6,132

 
$
(11,929
)
 
$
(44
)
 
$
10,581

 
$
4,740

 
Nine Months Ended April 30, 2020
(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at July 31, 2019
260,180

 
$
5,775

 
$
(11,611
)
 
$
(36
)
 
$
9,621

 
$
3,749

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
(8
)
 
1,381

 
1,373

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
1,745

 
33

 


 

 

 
33

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(1,176
)
 

 
(318
)
 

 

 
(318
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($1.59 per share)

 

 

 

 
(421
)
 
(421
)
Share-based compensation expense

 
324

 

 

 

 
324

Balance at April 30, 2020
260,749

 
$
6,132

 
$
(11,929
)
 
$
(44
)
 
$
10,581

 
$
4,740

 
Three Months Ended April 30, 2019
(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at January 31, 2019
259,110

 
$
5,623

 
$
(11,328
)
 
$
(36
)
 
$
8,537

 
$
2,796

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
(2
)
 
1,378

 
1,376

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
767

 
60

 


 

 

 
60

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(543
)
 

 
(135
)
 

 

 
(135
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($0.47 per share)

 

 

 

 
(126
)
 
(126
)
Share-based compensation expense

 
99

 

 

 

 
99

Balance at April 30, 2019
259,334

 
$
5,782

 
$
(11,463
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
9,789

 
$
4,070

 
Nine Months Ended April 30, 2019
(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at July 31, 2018
258,616

 
$
5,338

 
$
(11,050
)
 
$
(36
)
 
$
8,564

 
$
2,816

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
(2
)
 
1,601

 
1,599

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
2,603

 
138

 


 

 

 
138

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(1,885
)
 

 
(413
)
 

 

 
(413
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($1.41 per share)

 

 

 

 
(376
)
 
(376
)
Share-based compensation expense

 
306

 

 

 

 
306

Balance at April 30, 2019
259,334

 
$
5,782

 
$
(11,463
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
9,789

 
$
4,070

See accompanying notes.

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
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Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions)
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,381

 
$
1,601

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
145

 
147

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
23

 
19

Non-cash operating lease cost
46

 

Share-based compensation expense
321

 
303

Deferred income taxes
(102
)
 
(44
)
Other
22

 
12

Total adjustments
455

 
437

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(132
)
 
(165
)
Income taxes receivable
58

 
67

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(55
)
 
(30
)
Accounts payable
111

 
205

Accrued compensation and related liabilities
(32
)
 
(55
)
Deferred revenue
15

 
(7
)
Income taxes payable
322

 
334

Operating lease liabilities
(42
)
 

Other liabilities
46

 
59

Total changes in operating assets and liabilities
291

 
408

Net cash provided by operating activities
2,127

 
2,446

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of corporate and customer fund investments
(487
)
 
(379
)
Sales of corporate and customer fund investments
105

 
60

Maturities of corporate and customer fund investments
408

 
175

Purchases of property and equipment
(107
)
 
(129
)
Originations of term loans to small businesses
(240
)
 
(235
)
Principal repayments of term loans from small businesses
229

 
188

Other
(19
)
 
3

Net cash used in investing activities
(111
)
 
(317
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from borrowings under secured revolving credit facility

 
48

Repayment of debt
(38
)
 
(38
)
Proceeds from issuance of stock under employee stock plans
160

 
231

Payments for employee taxes withheld upon vesting of restricted stock units
(128
)
 
(93
)
Cash paid for purchases of treasury stock
(323
)
 
(408
)
Dividends and dividend rights paid
(419
)
 
(374
)
Net change in customer fund deposits
(47
)
 
16

Other
(1
)
 
(7
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(796
)
 
(625
)


 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
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Table of Contents

Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents
(12
)
 
(6
)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents
1,208

 
1,498

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents at beginning of period
2,352

 
1,631

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents at end of period
$
3,560

 
$
3,129

 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total amounts reported on the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
3,371

 
$
2,946

Restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents included in funds held for customers
189

 
183

Total cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents at end of period
$
3,560

 
$
3,129


See accompanying notes.

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
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Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
Intuit helps consumers, small businesses, and the self-employed prosper by delivering financial management and compliance products and services. We also provide specialized tax products to accounting professionals, who are key partners that help us serve small business customers.
Our flagship brands, QuickBooks, TurboTax and Mint, help customers run their small businesses, pay employees and send invoices, separate business and personal expenses, track their money, and file income taxes. ProSeries and Lacerte are our leading tax preparation offerings for professional accountants. Incorporated in 1984 and headquartered in Mountain View, California, we sell our products and services primarily in the United States.
Basis of Presentation
These condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Intuit and its wholly owned subsidiaries. We have eliminated all significant intercompany balances and transactions in consolidation. We have included all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring items, which we considered necessary for a fair presentation of our financial results for the interim periods presented.
Effective August 1, 2019, we adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" (ASC 842) using the modified retrospective approach, under which financial results reported in prior periods were not restated. As a result, the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2020 is not comparable with that as of July 31, 2019.
Funds held for customers represent cash held on behalf of our customers that is invested in cash and cash equivalents and investment-grade available-for-sale debt securities. The purchases, sales and maturities of the investments for our funds held for customers are presented in investing activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Customer fund deposits consist of amounts we owe on behalf of our customers. We present the net change in customer fund deposits in financing activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. For the nine months ended April 30, 2019, we reclassified $16 million from investing activities to financing activities to conform to the current presentation, resulting in a decrease in net cash used in financing activities with a corresponding offset to net cash used in investing activities.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read together with the audited consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2019. Results for the nine months ended April 30, 2020 do not necessarily indicate the results we expect for the fiscal year ending July 31, 2020 or any other future period.
Seasonality
Historically, our Consumer and Strategic Partner offerings have had a significant and distinct seasonal pattern as sales and revenue from our income tax preparation products and services are heavily concentrated in the period from November through April. This seasonal pattern has historically resulted in higher net revenues during our second and third quarters ending January 31 and April 30, respectively. In March 2020, as a relief measure in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Internal Revenue Service extended the filing deadline for the 2019 tax year from April 15, 2020 to July 15, 2020. Additionally, all states with a personal income tax have also extended their due dates, predominantly to July. As a result, the seasonal pattern for fiscal 2020 will be different than what we have historically experienced.
Significant Accounting Policies
We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 1 to the financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2019. See the discussion of changes to our lease accounting policy for the adoption of ASC 842, the new leases standard, below. There have been no other changes to our significant accounting policies during the first nine months of fiscal 2020.
Leases
Our leases are primarily operating leases for office facilities. We do not have significant finance leases. We determine if an arrangement is a lease and classify it as either a finance or operating lease at lease inception. Operating leases are included in

 
 
 
 
 
 Intuit Q3 Fiscal 2020 Form 10-Q
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Table of Contents

operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets, other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Operating lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term. Our leases generally do not have a readily determinable implicit rate, therefore we use our incremental borrowing rate at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. Our incremental borrowing rate is determined based on a yield curve derived from publicly traded bond offerings for companies with similar credit ratings to us. Our lease terms may include options to purchase, extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. We account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.
We measure ROU assets based on the corresponding lease liabilities adjusted for any initial direct costs and prepaid lease payments made to the lessor before or at the commencement date, net of lease incentives. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments are not included in the calculation of the ROU asset and lease liability and are recognized as lease expense is incurred. Our variable lease payments generally relate to amounts paid to lessors for common area maintenance under our real estate leases.
Our subleases generally do not relieve us of our primary obligations under the corresponding head lease. As a result, we account for the head lease based on the original assessment at inception. We determine if the sublease arrangement is either a sales-type, direct financing, or operating lease at inception. If the total remaining lease cost on the head lease for the term of the sublease is greater than the anticipated sublease income, the ROU asset is assessed for impairment. Our subleases are generally operating leases and we recognize sublease income on a straight-line basis over the sublease term.
Use of Estimates
In preparing our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), we make certain judgments, estimates, and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our financial statements and the disclosures made in the accompanying notes. For example, we use judgments and estimates in determining how revenue should be recognized. These judgments and estimates include identifying performance obligations, determining if the performance obligations are distinct, determining the standalone sales price (SSP) and timing of revenue recognition for each distinct performance obligation, and estimating variable consideration to be included in the transaction price. We use estimates in determining the collectibility of accounts receivable and notes receivable, the appropriate levels of various accruals including accruals for litigation contingencies, the discount rate used to calculate lease liabilities, the amount of our worldwide tax provision, and the realizability of deferred tax assets. We also use estimates in determining the remaining economic lives and fair values of acquired intangible assets, property and equipment, and other long-lived assets. In addition, we use assumptions to estimate the fair value of reporting units and share-based compensation. Despite our intention to establish accurate estimates and use reasonable assumptions, actual results may differ from our estimates. Additionally, in the context of the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic, while there was no material impact to our estimates in the current period, in future periods, facts and circumstances could change and impact our estimates.
Computation of Net Income (Loss) Per Share
We compute basic net income or loss per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. We compute diluted net income per share using the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential common shares consist of the shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and upon the vesting of restricted stock units (RSUs) under the treasury stock method.
We include stock options with combined exercise prices and unrecognized compensation expense that are less than the average market price for our common stock, and RSUs with unrecognized compensation expense that is less than the average market price for our common stock, in the calculation of diluted net income per share. We exclude stock options with combined exercise prices and unrecognized compensation expense that are greater than the average market price for our common stock, and RSUs with unrecognized compensation expense that is greater than the average market price for our common stock, from the calculation of diluted net income per share because their effect is anti-dilutive. Under the treasury stock method, the amount that must be paid to exercise stock options and the amount of compensation expense for future service that we have not yet recognized for stock options and RSUs are assumed to be used to repurchase shares.
All of the RSUs we grant have dividend rights. Dividend rights are accumulated and paid when the underlying RSUs vest. Since the dividend rights are subject to the same vesting requirements as the underlying equity awards they are considered a contingent transfer of value. Consequently, the RSUs are not considered participating securities and we do not present them separately in earnings per share.
In loss periods, basic net loss per share and diluted net loss per share are the same since the effect of potential common shares is anti-dilutive and therefore excluded.

 
 
 
 
 
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The following table presents the composition of shares used in the computation of basic and diluted net income per share for the periods indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions, except per share amounts)
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
 
April 30,
2020
 
April 30,
2019
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,084

 
$
1,378

 
$
1,381

 
$
1,601

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in basic per share amounts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
261

 
260

 
261

 
260

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in diluted per share amounts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
261

 
260

 
261

 
260

Dilutive common equivalent shares from stock options
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
and restricted stock awards
3

 
4

 
3

 
4

Dilutive weighted average common shares outstanding
264

 
264

 
264

 
264

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share
$
4.15

 
$
5.30

 
$
5.29

 
$
6.16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share
$
4.11

 
$
5.22

 
$
5.24

 
$
6.06

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares excluded from diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average stock options and restricted stock units that have been excluded from dilutive common equivalent shares outstanding due to their anti-dilutive effect

 
1

 

 
1


Deferred Revenue
Generally, we receive payment at the time we enter into a contract with a customer. We record deferred revenue when we have entered into a contract with a customer and cash payments are received or due prior to transfer of control or satisfaction of the related performance obligation. During the three and nine months ended April 30, 2020, we recognized revenue of $89 million and $598 million, respectively, that was included in deferred revenue at July 31, 2019. During the three and nine months ended April 30, 2019, we recognized revenue of $83 million and $559 million, respectively, that was included in deferred revenue at July 31, 2018.
Our performance obligations are generally satisfied within 12 months of the initial contract date. As of April 30, 2020 and July 31, 2019, the deferred revenue balance related to performance obligations that will be satisfied after 12 months was $6 million and $4 million, respectively, and is included in other long-term obligations on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Notes Receivable and Allowances for Loan Losses
Notes receivable held for investment consist of term loans to small businesses and are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of April 30, 2020 and July 31, 2019, the notes receivable balance was $89 million and $95 million, respectively, and the allowances for loan losses were not material. The term loans are not secured and are recorded at amortized cost, net of allowances for loan losses. We maintain an allowance for loan losses to reserve for potentially uncollectible notes receivable. We evaluate the creditworthiness of our loan portfolio on a pooled basis due to its composition of small, homogeneous loans with similar general credit risk and characteristics and apply a loss rate at the time of loan origination. The loss rate and underlying model are updated periodically to reflect actual loan performance and changes in assumptions. We make judgments about the known and inherent risks in the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect borrowers’ ability to repay and current economic conditions. When we determine that amounts are uncollectible, we write them off against the allowance.
In April 2020, Intuit was approved as a non-bank Small Business Administration lender for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). The PPP was authorized under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) to provide small businesses loans to pay payroll and group health costs, salaries and commissions, mortgage and rent payments, utilities, and interest on other debt which is designed to provide assistance to small businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic. As of April 30, 2020, the amounts included in the notes receivable balance on our condensed consolidated balance sheet were insignificant.

 
 
 
 
 
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Concentration of Credit Risk and Significant Customers
No customer accounted for 10% or more of total net revenue in the three or nine months ended April 30, 2020 or April 30, 2019. No customer accounted for 10% or more of gross accounts receivable at April 30, 2020 or July 31, 2019.
Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

Leases - In February 2016 the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”. This standard amends a number of aspects of lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize operating leases with a term greater than one year on their balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability, measured at the present value of the lease payments. We adopted this standard in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach, under which financial results reported in prior periods were not adjusted. We elected certain practical expedients, including the relief package practical expedient which among other things allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classifications. We also elected the practical expedient to combine lease and non-lease components for all asset classes.
The adoption of ASC 842 on August 1, 2019 resulted in the recognition of ROU assets and operating lease liabilities of $319 million and $361 million, respectively, related to our operating leases. Adoption of the standard also resulted in the elimination of deferred rent liabilities of $47 million and prepaid rent of $5 million. Adoption did not result in any cumulative-effect adjustments to retained earnings, and there was no material impact to our condensed consolidated statements of operations or our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
Internal-Use Software - In August 2018 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2018-15, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Internal-Use Software.” This standard aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2018-15 on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Goodwill Impairment - In January 2017 the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.” This standard eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Instead, an entity should compare the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2017-04 on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Financial Instruments - In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326).” This standard requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2020. Earlier adoption is permitted in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
We do not expect that any other recently issued accounting pronouncements will have a significant effect on our financial statements.
2. Fair Value Measurements
Fair Value Hierarchy
The authoritative guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. When determining fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market for an asset or liability and assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability. In addition, we consider and use all valuation methods that are appropriate in estimating the fair value of an asset or liability.

 
 
 
 
 
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The authoritative guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that is based on the extent and level of judgment used to estimate the fair value of assets and liabilities. In general, the authoritative guidance requires us to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. An asset or liability’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of its fair value. The three levels of input defined by the authoritative guidance are as follows:
Level 1 uses unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 uses inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable through correlation with market data. These include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and inputs to valuation models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment because the inputs used in the model, such as interest rates and volatility, can be corroborated by readily observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 uses one or more unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the determination of fair value. Level 3 assets and liabilities include those whose fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar valuation techniques and significant management judgment or estimation.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes financial assets and financial liabilities that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis at the dates indicated, classified in accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above.
 
April 30, 2020
 
July 31, 2019
(In millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
Fair Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents, primarily time deposits, savings deposit accounts, and money market funds
$
2,157

 
$

 
$
2,157

 
$
1,647

 
$

 
$
1,647

Available-for-sale debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Municipal bonds

 
8

 
8

 

 
5

 
5

Corporate notes

 
765

 
765

 

 
800

 
800

U.S. agency securities

 
27

 
27

 

 
19

 
19

Total available-for-sale debt securities

 
800

 
800

 

 
824

 
824

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis
$
2,157

 
$
800

 
$
2,957

 
$
1,647

 
$
824

 
$
2,471



The following table summarizes our cash equivalents and available-for-sale debt securities by balance sheet classification and level in the fair value hierarchy at the dates indicated.
 
April 30, 2020
 
July 31, 2019
(In millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
Fair Value
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In cash and cash equivalents
$
2,157

 
$

 
$
2,157

 
$
1,647

 
$

 
$
1,647

In funds held for customers

 

 

 

 

 

Total cash equivalents
$
2,157

 
$

 
$
2,157

 
$
1,647

 
$

 
$
1,647

Available-for-sale debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In investments
$

 
$
600

 
$
600

 
$

 
$
624

 
$
624

In funds held for customers

 
200

 
200

 

 
200

 
200

Total available-for-sale debt securities
$

 
$