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2016-08-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ConsumerSegmentMember 2016-08-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ConsumerSegmentMember 2015-08-01 2016-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ConsumerSegmentMember 2017-02-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ProfessionalTaxSegmentMember 2016-08-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2016-02-01 2016-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2017-02-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 intu:ConsumerSegmentMember 2016-02-01 2016-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ConsumerSegmentMember 2016-02-01 2016-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember 2016-08-01 2017-04-30 0000896878 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember intu:ProfessionalTaxSegmentMember 2015-08-01 2016-04-30 0000896878 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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
þ
 
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2017
OR
o
 
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________ .

Commission File Number 0-21180
logointuit.gif
INTUIT INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State of incorporation)
 
77-0034661
(IRS employer identification no.)
 
2700 Coast Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
 
(650) 944-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated
filer
þ
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting
company
o
Emerging growth
company
o
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 256,216,921 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, were outstanding at May 17, 2017.
 



INTUIT INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 EX-31.01
 EX-31.02
 EX-32.01
 EX-32.02
 EX-101.INS XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
 EX-101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 EX-101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 EX-101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 EX-101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
 EX-101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
Intuit, the Intuit logo, QuickBooks, TurboTax, Lacerte, ProSeries, and Mint, among others, are registered trademarks and/or registered service marks of Intuit Inc., or one of its subsidiaries, in the United States and other countries. Other parties’ marks are the property of their respective owners.

2

Table of Contents

PART I
ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions, except per share amounts)
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
467

 
$
459

 
$
1,063

 
$
994

Service and other
2,074

 
1,845

 
3,272

 
2,946

Total net revenue
2,541

 
2,304

 
4,335

 
3,940

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of product revenue
29

 
30

 
95

 
99

Cost of service and other revenue
205

 
181

 
522

 
465

Amortization of acquired technology
3

 
5

 
9

 
17

Selling and marketing
467

 
423

 
1,155

 
1,023

Research and development
246

 
228

 
735

 
646

General and administrative
146

 
149

 
412

 
386

Amortization of other acquired intangible assets
1

 
3

 
2

 
6

Total costs and expenses
1,097

 
1,019

 
2,930

 
2,642

Operating income from continuing operations
1,444

 
1,285

 
1,405

 
1,298

Interest expense
(8
)
 
(10
)
 
(28
)
 
(26
)
Interest and other income (expense), net
3

 
2

 

 
(7
)
Income before income taxes
1,439

 
1,277

 
1,377

 
1,265

Income tax provision
475

 
429

 
430

 
419

Net income from continuing operations
964

 
848

 
947

 
846

Net income from discontinued operations

 
178

 

 
173

Net income
$
964

 
$
1,026

 
$
947

 
$
1,019

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share from continuing operations
$
3.76

 
$
3.30

 
$
3.68

 
$
3.21

Basic net income per share from discontinued operations

 
0.70

 

 
0.65

Basic net income income per share
$
3.76

 
$
4.00

 
$
3.68

 
$
3.86

Shares used in basic per share calculations
256

 
257

 
257

 
264

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share from continuing operations
$
3.70

 
$
3.26

 
$
3.63

 
$
3.17

Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations

 
0.68

 

 
0.64

Diluted net income per share
$
3.70

 
$
3.94

 
$
3.63

 
$
3.81

Shares used in diluted per share calculations
260

 
260

 
261

 
267

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.34

 
$
0.30

 
$
1.02

 
$
0.90

See accompanying notes.

3

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions)
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
964

 
$
1,026

 
$
947

 
$
1,019

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale debt securities

 

 
(1
)
 

Foreign currency translation gains (losses)
(2
)
 
16

 
(3
)
 
4

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net
(2
)
 
16

 
(4
)
 
4

Comprehensive income
$
962

 
$
1,042

 
$
943

 
$
1,023



See accompanying notes.


4

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
April 30,
2017
 
July 31,
2016
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,350

 
$
638

Investments
243

 
442

Accounts receivable, net
245

 
108

Income taxes receivable

 
20

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
94

 
102

Current assets before funds held for customers
1,932

 
1,310

Funds held for customers
323

 
304

Total current assets
2,255

 
1,614

Long-term investments
28

 
28

Property and equipment, net
1,041

 
1,031

Goodwill
1,294

 
1,282

Acquired intangible assets, net
27

 
44

Long-term deferred income taxes
183

 
139

Other assets
141

 
112

Total assets
$
4,969

 
$
4,250

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$
50

 
$
512

Accounts payable
269

 
184

Accrued compensation and related liabilities
240

 
289

Deferred revenue
955

 
801

Income taxes payable
435

 
4

Other current liabilities
222

 
157

Current liabilities before customer fund deposits
2,171

 
1,947

Customer fund deposits
323

 
304

Total current liabilities
2,494

 
2,251

Long-term debt
450

 
488

Long-term deferred revenue
178

 
204

Other long-term obligations
150

 
146

Total liabilities
3,272

 
3,089

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital
4,787

 
4,445

Treasury stock, at cost
(10,417
)
 
(9,939
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(36
)
 
(32
)
Retained earnings
7,363

 
6,687

Total stockholders’ equity
1,697

 
1,161

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
4,969

 
$
4,250

See accompanying notes.

5

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at July 31, 2016
257,853

 
$
4,445

 
$
(9,939
)
 
$
(32
)
 
$
6,687

 
$
1,161

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
(4
)
 
947

 
943

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
2,642

 
89

 


 

 

 
89

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(4,241
)
 

 
(478
)
 

 

 
(478
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($1.02 per share)

 

 

 

 
(267
)
 
(267
)
Cumulative effect of change in
accounting principle

 
6

 

 

 
(4
)
 
2

Share-based compensation expense

 
247

 

 

 

 
247

Balance at April 30, 2017
256,254

 
$
4,787

 
$
(10,417
)
 
$
(36
)
 
$
7,363

 
$
1,697


(In millions, except shares in thousands)
Shares of
Common
Stock
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at July 31, 2015
277,706

 
$
4,010

 
$
(7,675
)
 
$
(30
)
 
$
6,027

 
$
2,332

Comprehensive income

 

 

 
4

 
1,019

 
1,023

Issuance of stock under employee stock plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
2,767

 
89

 

 

 

 
89

Stock repurchases under stock repurchase programs
(24,085
)
 

 
(2,190
)
 

 

 
(2,190
)
Dividends and dividend rights declared ($0.90 per share)

 

 

 

 
(241
)
 
(241
)
Tax benefit from share-based compensation plans

 
30

 

 

 

 
30

Share-based compensation expense

 
205

 

 

 

 
205

Balance at April 30, 2016
256,388

 
$
4,334

 
$
(9,865
)
 
$
(26
)
 
$
6,805

 
$
1,248



See accompanying notes.

6

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions)
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
947

 
$
1,019

 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
156

 
145

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
18

 
30

Share-based compensation expense
241

 
200

Pre-tax gain on sale of discontinued operations

 
(354
)
Deferred income taxes
(36
)
 
40

Tax benefit from share-based compensation plans

 
30

Other
9

 
11

Total adjustments
388

 
102

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(138
)
 
(125
)
Income taxes receivable
19

 
79

Prepaid expenses and other assets
5

 
(15
)
Accounts payable
104

 
77

Accrued compensation and related liabilities
(47
)
 
(69
)
Deferred revenue
130

 
213

Income taxes payable
431

 
435

Other liabilities
50

 
25

Total changes in operating assets and liabilities
554

 
620

Net cash provided by operating activities
1,889

 
1,741

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of corporate and customer fund investments
(286
)
 
(589
)
Sales of corporate and customer fund investments
332

 
990

Maturities of corporate and customer fund investments
150

 
160

Net change in cash and cash equivalents held to satisfy customer fund obligations
(18
)
 
(35
)
Net change in customer fund deposits
18

 
35

Purchases of property and equipment
(178
)
 
(449
)
Proceeds from divestiture of businesses

 
463

Other
(40
)
 
3

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
(22
)
 
578

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facilities
150

 
995

Repayments on borrowings under revolving credit facilities
(150
)
 
(995
)
Proceeds from long-term debt

 
500

Repayment of debt
(500
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of stock under employee stock plans
150

 
125

Payments for employee taxes withheld upon vesting of restricted stock units
(61
)
 
(36
)
Cash paid for purchases of treasury stock
(473
)
 
(2,190
)
Dividends and dividend rights paid
(265
)
 
(238
)
Other

 
(5
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(1,149
)
 
(1,844
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
(6
)
 
6

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
712

 
481

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
638

 
808

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,350

 
$
1,289

________________________________
During the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we elected to early adopt ASU 2016-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.” See Note 1, “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted,” for more information.
Because the cash flows of our discontinued operations were not material for any period presented, we have not segregated the cash flows of those businesses on these statements of cash flows. See Note 4, “Discontinued Operations,” for more information.
See accompanying notes.

7

Table of Contents

INTUIT INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
Intuit Inc. provides business and financial management solutions for small businesses, consumers, and accounting professionals. With flagship products and services that include QuickBooks and TurboTax, we help customers solve important business and financial management problems such as running a small business, paying bills, and filing income taxes. ProSeries and Lacerte are Intuit’s tax preparation offerings for professional accountants. Incorporated in 1984 and headquartered in Mountain View, California, we sell our products and services primarily in the United States.
Basis of Presentation
These condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Intuit and its wholly owned subsidiaries. We have eliminated all significant intercompany balances and transactions in consolidation. We have included all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring items, which we considered necessary for a fair presentation of our financial results for the interim periods presented. We have reclassified certain amounts previously reported in our financial statements to conform to the current presentation, including amounts related to discontinued operations and reportable segments. See Note 4, “Discontinued Operations,” and Note 10, “Segment Information,” for more information.
As discussed in Note 4, we sold our Demandforce, QuickBase, and Quicken businesses in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. We have reclassified our statements of operations for all periods presented to reflect these businesses as discontinued operations. Because the cash flows of these businesses were not material for any period presented, we have not segregated them on our statements of cash flows. Unless noted otherwise, discussions in these notes pertain to our continuing operations.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read together with the audited consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2016. Results for the nine months ended April 30, 2017 do not necessarily indicate the results we expect for the fiscal year ending July 31, 2017 or any other future period.
Seasonality
Our Consumer Tax offerings have significant seasonal patterns and revenue from those income tax preparation products and services is heavily concentrated in our third fiscal quarter ending April 30.
Significant Accounting Policies
We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 1 to the financial statements in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2016. There have been no changes to our significant accounting policies during the first nine months of fiscal 2017.
Use of Estimates

In preparing our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), we make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our financial statements and the disclosures made in the accompanying notes. For example, we use estimates in determining the appropriate levels of reserves for product returns and rebates, the collectibility of accounts receivable, the appropriate levels of various accruals including accruals for litigation contingencies, the amount of our worldwide tax provision, and the realizability of deferred tax assets. We also use estimates in determining the remaining economic lives and fair values of acquired intangible assets, property and equipment, and other long-lived assets. In addition, we use assumptions to estimate the fair value of reporting units and share-based compensation. Despite our intention to establish accurate estimates and use reasonable assumptions, actual results may differ from our estimates.

8

Table of Contents

Computation of Net Income (Loss) Per Share
We compute basic net income or loss per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. We compute diluted net income per share using the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential common shares consist of the shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and upon the vesting of restricted stock units (RSUs) under the treasury stock method.
We include stock options with combined exercise prices and unrecognized compensation expense that are less than the average market price for our common stock, and RSUs with unrecognized compensation expense that is less than the average market price for our common stock, in the calculation of diluted net income per share. We exclude stock options with combined exercise prices and unrecognized compensation expense that are greater than the average market price for our common stock, and RSUs with unrecognized compensation expense that is greater than the average market price for our common stock, from the calculation of diluted net income per share because their effect is anti-dilutive. Under the treasury stock method, the amount that must be paid to exercise stock options and the amount of compensation expense for future service that we have not yet recognized for stock options and RSUs are assumed to be used to repurchase shares. Prior to our early adoption of ASU 2016-09 in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we included tax benefits in assessing whether equity awards were dilutive and in our calculations of weighted average dilutive shares under the treasury stock method.
All of the RSUs we grant have dividend rights. Dividend rights are accumulated and paid when the underlying RSUs vest. Since the dividend rights are subject to the same vesting requirements as the underlying equity awards they are considered a contingent transfer of value. Consequently, the RSUs are not considered participating securities and we do not present them separately in earnings per share.
In loss periods, basic net loss per share and diluted net loss per share are the same since the effect of potential common shares is anti-dilutive and therefore excluded.
The following table presents the composition of shares used in the computation of basic and diluted net income per share for the periods indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In millions, except per share amounts)
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 30,
2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income from continuing operations
$
964

 
$
848

 
$
947

 
$
846

Net income from discontinued operations

 
178

 

 
173

Net income
$
964

 
$
1,026

 
$
947

 
$
1,019

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in basic per share amounts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
256

 
257

 
257

 
264

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in diluted per share amounts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
256

 
257

 
257

 
264

Dilutive common equivalent shares from stock options
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
and restricted stock awards
4

 
3

 
4

 
3

Dilutive weighted average common shares outstanding
260

 
260

 
261

 
267

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share from continuing operations
$
3.76

 
$
3.30

 
$
3.68

 
$
3.21

Basic net income per share from discontinued operations

 
0.70

 

 
0.65

Basic net income per share
$
3.76

 
$
4.00

 
$
3.68

 
$
3.86

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share from continuing operations
$
3.70

 
$
3.26

 
$
3.63

 
$
3.17

Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations

 
0.68

 

 
0.64

Diluted net income per share
$
3.70

 
$
3.94

 
$
3.63

 
$
3.81

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares excluded from computation of diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average stock options and restricted stock units excluded from computation due to anti-dilutive effect
3

 
2

 
4

 
2



9

Table of Contents

Concentration of Credit Risk and Significant Customers
No customer accounted for 10% or more of total net revenue in the three or nine months ended April 30, 2017 or April 30, 2016. No customer accounted for 10% or more of gross accounts receivable at April 30, 2017 or July 31, 2016.
Accounting Standards Recently Adopted
Standard/Description
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations
Effect on Financial Statements
Stock Compensation - In March 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.” As required by ASU 2016-09, excess tax benefits recognized on stock-based compensation expense are reflected in our condensed consolidated statements of operations as a component of the provision for income taxes on a prospective basis. Excess tax benefits are classified as an operating activity in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and we have applied this provision on a retrospective basis.
We elected to early adopt this standard in the first quarter of our fiscal year that began August 1, 2016.
For the three and nine months ended April 30, 2017, we recognized excess tax benefits of $12 million and $38 million in our provision for income taxes. For the nine months ended April 30, 2016, net cash provided by operating activities increased by $30 million with a corresponding offset to net cash used in financing activities. In addition, we have elected to account for forfeitures as they occur, rather than estimate expected forfeitures over the course of a vesting period. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-09, we recognized the net cumulative effect of this change as a $6 million increase to additional paid-in capital, a $2 million increase to deferred tax assets and a $4 million reduction to retained earnings as of August 1, 2016.

Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
Standard/Description
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations
Effect on Financial Statements
Goodwill Impairment  - In January 2017 the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2017-04, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.” This new standard eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Instead, an entity should compare the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit.

The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2017-04 on our consolidated financial statements.
Business Combinations  - In January 2017 the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. This new standard clarifies the definition of a business in order to allow for the evaluation of whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions or disposals of assets or businesses.
The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted.

We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2017-01 on our consolidated financial statements.

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Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted (continued)
 
 
 
Standard/Description
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations
Effect on Financial Statements
Statement of Cash Flows - In August 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” This new standard will make eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows.
The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2018. The standard will require adoption on a retrospective basis unless it is impracticable to apply, in which case we would be required to apply the amendments prospectively as of the earliest date practicable.

We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-15 on our consolidated financial statements.
Financial Instruments - In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326).” This new standard requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts.
The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2020. Earlier adoption is permitted in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2019.

We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.
Leases - In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” This new standard amends a number of aspects of lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize operating leases with a term greater than one year on their balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability, measured at the present value of the lease payments.
The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted.

This standard is required to be adopted using a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-02 on our consolidated financial statements.
Revenue Recognition - In May 2014 the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” and in August 2015 the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year. This new standard supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The core principle of the standard is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard defines a five step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible that more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than is required under present U.S. GAAP. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price, and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The standard also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments.
  
The standard is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, which means that it will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year beginning August 1, 2018. Early adoption one year prior to the required effective date is permitted.
The standard allows adoption using either of two methods: (i) retrospective to each prior reporting period presented, with the option to elect certain practical expedients; or (ii) retrospective with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements.

We do not expect that any other recently issued accounting pronouncements will have a significant effect on our financial statements.

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2. Fair Value Measurements
The authoritative guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. When determining fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market for an asset or liability and assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability. In addition, we consider and use all valuation methods that are appropriate in estimating the fair value of an asset or liability.
The authoritative guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that is based on the extent and level of judgment used to estimate the fair value of assets and liabilities. In general, the authoritative guidance requires us to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. An asset or liability’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of its fair value. The three levels of input defined by the authoritative guidance are as follows:
Level 1 uses unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 uses inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable through correlation with market data. These include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and inputs to valuation models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment because the inputs used in the model, such as interest rates and volatility, can be corroborated by readily observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 uses one or more unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the determination of fair value. Level 3 assets and liabilities include those whose fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar valuation techniques and significant management judgment or estimation.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes financial assets and financial liabilities that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis at the dates indicated, classified in accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above.
 
April 30, 2017
 
July 31, 2016
(In millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Fair Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents, primarily money market funds
$
630

 
$

 
$

 
$
630

 
$
416

 
$

 
$

 
$
416

Available-for-sale debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Municipal bonds

 
85

 

 
85

 

 
186

 

 
186

Corporate notes

 
358

 

 
358

 

 
420

 

 
420

U.S. agency securities

 

 

 

 

 
36

 

 
36

Municipal auction rate securities

 

 
15

 
15

 

 

 
15

 
15

Total available-for-sale securities

 
443

 
15

 
458

 

 
642

 
15

 
657

Total assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis
$
630

 
$
443

 
$
15

 
$
1,088

 
$
416

 
$
642

 
$
15

 
$
1,073

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior notes (1)
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
515

 
$

 
$
515

______________________________
(1)
Carrying value on our balance sheet at July 31, 2016 was $500 million. See Note 5, “Current Liabilities – Short-Term Debt,” for more information.

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The following table summarizes our cash equivalents and available-for-sale debt securities by balance sheet classification and level in the fair value hierarchy at the dates indicated.
 
April 30, 2017
 
July 31, 2016
(In millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Fair Value
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In cash and cash equivalents
$
630

 
$

 
$

 
$
630

 
$
312

 
$

 
$

 
$
312

In funds held for customers

 

 

 

 
104

 

 

 
104

Total cash equivalents
$
630

 
$

 
$

 
$
630

 
$
416

 
$

 
$

 
$
416

Available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In investments
$

 
$
243

 
$

 
$
243

 
$

 
$
442

 
$

 
$
442

In funds held for customers

 
200

 

 
200

 

 
200

 

 
200

In long-term investments

 

 
15

 
15

 

 

 
15

 
15

Total available-for-sale securities
$

 
$
443

 
$
15

 
$
458

 
$

 
$
642

 
$
15

 
$
657


We value our Level 1 assets, consisting primarily of money market funds, using quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments. Financial assets whose fair values we measure on a recurring basis using Level 2 inputs consist of municipal bonds, corporate notes, and U.S. agency securities. We measure the fair values of these assets with the help of a pricing service that either provides quoted market prices in active markets for identical or similar securities or uses observable inputs for their pricing without applying significant adjustments. Our fair value processes include controls that are designed to ensure that we record appropriate fair values for our Level 2 investments. These controls include comparison to pricing provided by a secondary pricing service or investment manager, validation of pricing sources and models, review of key model inputs, analysis of period-over-period price fluctuations, and independent recalculation of prices where appropriate.
Financial liabilities whose fair values we measured using Level 2 inputs consisted of senior unsecured notes. We repaid those notes during the third quarter of fiscal 2017. See Note 5, “Current Liabilities – Short-Term Debt,” for more information. We measured the fair value of our senior notes based on their trading prices and the interest rates we could obtain for other borrowings with similar terms.
Financial assets whose fair values we measure using significant unobservable (Level 3) inputs consist of municipal auction rate securities that are no longer liquid. We estimate the fair values of the auction rate securities using a discounted cash flow model. We continue to classify them as long-term investments based on the maturities of the underlying securities at that date. We do not intend to sell our municipal auction rate securities. In addition, it is more likely than not that we will not be required to sell them before recovery at par, which may be at maturity.
There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the nine months ended April 30, 2017