10-K 1 atr-20181231x10k.htm 10-K atr_Current_Folio_10K
 

United States Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10‑K

[X]

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

 

 

OR

 

[  ]

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM            TO           


COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1‑11846

Picture 1

AptarGroup, Inc.

DELAWARE

36‑3853103

 

265 EXCHANGE DRIVE, SUITE 100, CRYSTAL LAKE, ILLINOIS 60014

815‑477‑0424

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock $.01 par value

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act:

NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well‑known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes

No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes

No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes

No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S‑T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes

No

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S‑K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non‑accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non‑accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Act).

Yes

No

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non‑affiliates as of June 29, 2018 was $5,819,010,091.

The number of shares outstanding of common stock, as of February 15, 2019, was 62,930,726 shares.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement to be delivered to stockholders in connection with the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 1, 2019 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 


 

 

 

AptarGroup, Inc.

FORM 10‑K

For the Year Ended December 31, 2018

INDEX

 

 

 

Page

Part I 

Item 1. 

Business

1

Item 1A. 

Risk Factors

8

Item 1B. 

Unresolved Staff Comments

10

Item 2. 

Properties

11

Item 3. 

Legal Proceedings

11

Item 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

11

Part II 

Item 5. 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

12

Item 6. 

Selected Financial Data

14

Item 7. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

15

Item 7A. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

34

Item 8. 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

35

Item 9. 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

79

Item 9A. 

Controls and Procedures

79

Item 9B.

Other Information

79

Part III 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

79

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

80

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

80

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

80

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

80

Part IV 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

80

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

80

 

Index of Exhibits

81

 

Signatures

86

 

 

 

 

 

i/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

PART I

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS

WHO ARE WE AND WHAT DO WE DO

Aptar is a leading global supplier of a broad range of innovative dispensing, sealing and active packaging solutions for the beauty, personal care, home care, prescription drug, consumer health care, injectables, food and beverage markets. Aptar uses insights, design, engineering and science to create innovative packaging technologies that build brand value for its customers, and, in turn, make a meaningful difference in the lives, looks, health and homes of people around the world. Aptar is headquartered in Crystal Lake, Illinois and has over 14,000 dedicated employees in 18 different countries. For more information, visit www.aptar.com.

Our business was started in the late 1940’s, manufacturing and selling aerosol valves in the United States, and has grown primarily through acquisitions and internal expansion. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1992. In this report, we may refer to AptarGroup, Inc. and its subsidiaries as “AptarGroup”, “Aptar” or the “Company”.

We have manufacturing facilities located throughout the world including North America, Europe, Asia and South America. We have approximately 5,000 customers with no single customer or group of affiliated customers accounting for greater than 6% of our 2018 Net Sales.

Consumers’ preference for convenience and product differentiation through packaging design and function are important to our customers and they have converted many of their packages from non-dispensing formats to dispensing systems that offer enhanced shelf appeal, convenience, cleanliness and accuracy of dosage.

While we offer a wide variety of dispensing, sealing and active packaging solutions, our primary products are dispensing pumps, closures, aerosol valves and elastomeric primary packaging components.

Dispensing pumps are finger‑actuated dispensing systems that dispense a spray or lotion from non‑pressurized containers. The style of pump used depends largely on the nature of the product being dispensed, from small, fine mist pumps used with perfume and pharmaceutical products to lotion pumps for more viscous formulas.

Closures are primarily dispensing closures but to a lesser degree can include non‑dispensing closures. Dispensing closures are plastic caps that allow a product to be dispensed without removing the cap.

Aerosol valves dispense product from pressurized containers. The majority of the aerosol valves that we sell are continuous spray valves, with the balance being metered dose valves.

We also manufacture and sell elastomeric primary packaging components. These components are used in the injectables market. Products include stoppers for infusion, antibiotic, lyophilization and diagnostic vials. Our elastomeric components also include pre‑filled syringe components, such as plungers, needle shields, tip caps and cartridges, as well as dropper bulbs and syringe plungers.

On August 27, 2018, the Company completed its acquisition (the “CSP Technologies Acquisition”) of all of the outstanding capital stock of CSP Technologies S.à r.l. (“CSP Technologies”). CSP Technologies is a leader in active packaging technology based on proprietary material science expertise for the pharma and food service markets. The active packaging technologies protect and enhance the performance of our customers’ products. On May 1, 2018, we acquired 100% of the common stock of Reboul SAS (“Reboul”).  Reboul is a French manufacturer specializing in stamping, decorating and assembling metal and plastic packaging for the cosmetics and luxury markets.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

Our periodic and current reports, and any amendments to those reports, are available, free of charge, through a link on the Investors page of our website (www.aptar.com), as soon as reasonably practicable after the material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).   These filings are also available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s website (http://www.sec.gov).

Also posted on our website are the charters for our Audit, Management Development and Compensation, Governance and Executive Committees, our Governance Principles, our Code of Business Conduct & Ethics, our Director Independence Standards and our Conflict Minerals Statement. Within the time period required by the SEC and the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), we will post on our website any amendment or waiver to the Code of Business Conduct & Ethics applicable to any executive officer or director. The information provided on our website is not part of this report and is therefore not incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

1/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

OUR STRATEGY

We seek to enhance our position as a leading global provider of innovative packaging dispensing, sealing and active packaging solutions and deliver increased value to our customers and stockholders through strategic focus and execution in the following areas:

(i)

Successful Transformation:  To strengthen our performance and deepen our position as a true market shaper, we continually evaluate our business.  In late 2017, we launched a comprehensive business transformation plan within our Beauty + Home segment and for key corporate support functions including Finance, Human Resources, Information Systems and Purchasing.

(ii)

Focus on Organic Growth:  We are focused on accelerating our top line growth with added emphasis on high growth economies.  Accordingly, we are creating empowered, regional, cross-functional profit and loss (“P&L”) teams who are fully accountable to drive profitable growth. 

(iii)

Excellence in Core Business Functions:  We have established three pillars of functional excellence to ensure we perform at best in class levels in the core functions of any manufacturing business, namely “innovate,” “produce” and “sell,” and that our business teams are supported in the areas of Innovation, Operations and Commercial Excellence.

(iv)

Focus on Talent and Leadership:  Execution of our strategy requires a talented, motivated, diverse, international team.  We have a focused talent acquisition and development strategy to ensure our teams have the right skills to execute our strategy.

(v)

Partnerships and Acquisitions:  We will continue to focus on growing the company through appropriate business acquisition opportunities as well as developing partnerships to expand the scope of our technologies, geographic presence and product offerings.

Facilitating the execution of our strategy are our core values, which dictate how we interact internally and externally with our employees, customers, suppliers and all stakeholders.

DESCRIPTION OF OUR REPORTING SEGMENTS

INFORMATION ABOUT SEGMENTS

Our organizational structure consists of three market‑focused business segments: Beauty + Home, Pharma and Food + Beverage. This is a strategic structure which allows us to be more closely aligned with our customers and the markets in which they operate. We primarily sell our products through our own sales force to beauty, personal care, pharmaceutical, home care, food and beverage marketers. To a limited extent, we use independent representatives and distributors to increase our reach to smaller customers and export markets. 

Operations that sell dispensing systems and sealing solutions primarily to the beauty, personal care and home care markets form the Beauty + Home segment. Operations that sell dispensing systems and sealing solutions to the prescription drug, consumer health care, injectables and active packaging markets form the Pharma segment. Operations that sell dispensing systems and sealing solutions to the food and beverage markets form the Food + Beverage segment. Each of these three business segments is described more fully below.

BEAUTY + HOME

The Beauty + Home segment is our largest segment in terms of net sales and total assets representing 52% and 41% of our Net Sales and Total Assets, respectively, in 2018. The Beauty + Home segment primarily sells pumps, closures, aerosol valves, accessories and sealing solutions to the personal care and home care markets and pumps and decorative components to the beauty market. We believe we are a leading supplier for the majority of the products we sell primarily to the beauty and personal care markets.

Beauty.  Sales to the beauty market accounted for approximately 49% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018. The beauty market requires a broad range of spray and lotion pumps, closures, elastomeric flow-control components and sampling dispensing systems to meet functional as well as aesthetic requirements. A considerable amount of research, time and coordination with our customers is required to qualify a pump for use with their products. Within the market, we expect the use of pumps to continue to increase, particularly in the cosmetics and sampling sectors. In the cosmetic sector, packaging for certain products such as natural and organic cosmetics and anti‑aging lotions continue to provide us with growth opportunities. We are a leading provider of packaging solutions for prestige and mass market fragrance products. Our cosmetic lotion pumps, airless dispensing systems, lotion sampling devices and decorative capabilities along with our focus on color cosmetics including lip stick and lip gloss products will also provide growth opportunities. We see continued growth opportunities in Latin America and significant opportunities for growth in the sale of our products for cosmetic applications in Asia.

 

 

2/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

Personal Care.  Sales to the personal care market accounted for approximately 44% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018 and primarily included sales of fine mist spray pumps, lotion pumps, closures, elastomeric flow-control components and continuous spray aerosol valves. Personal care spray pump applications include hair care, body care and sun care products. Typical lotion pump applications include skin moisturizers, hand sanitizers and soap. Personal care closures applications include shampoos and conditioners. Personal care continuous spray aerosol valve applications include hair care products, deodorants, shaving creams and sun care products. Our research and development teams continue to design unique accessories that increase the value of our continuous spray aerosol valve offerings.

Home Care.  Sales to the home care market accounted for approximately 7% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018 and primarily included sales of continuous or metered dose spray aerosol valves, closures and to a lesser degree spray and lotion pumps. Applications for continuous spray valves include disinfectants, spray paints, insecticides and automotive products. Metered dose valves are used for air fresheners. Closure applications include liquid detergents, automotive products and household cleansers. Spray and lotion pump applications primarily include household, insect repellant and industrial cleaners.

PHARMA

The Pharma segment is our second largest segment in terms of net sales and total assets, accounting for 34% and 40% of our Net Sales and Total Assets, respectively, in 2018. We believe we are a leading supplier of pumps and metered dose inhaler valves (“MDIs”) to the pharmaceutical market worldwide and we are an important supplier of elastomer for injectable primary packaging components worldwide. Characteristics of this market include (i) governmental regulation of our pharmaceutical customers, (ii) contaminant‑controlled manufacturing environments and (iii) a significant amount of time and research from initially working with pharmaceutical companies at the molecular development stage of a medication through the eventual distribution to the market. We have clean‑room manufacturing facilities in Argentina, China, France, Germany, India, Switzerland and the United States. We believe that providing an alternative to traditional medication forms such as pills with value‑added, convenient dispensing systems will continue to offer opportunities for our business. In addition, we believe there are opportunities for growth in the over-the-counter and generic pharmaceutical categories.

Prescription Drug.  Sales to the prescription drug market accounted for approximately 52% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018. Pumps sold to the prescription drug market deliver medications nasally, orally or topically. Currently the majority of our pumps sold are for nasal allergy treatments. Recently, there is a trend of nasal allergy products moving from prescription‑only to being sold over-the-counter without a prescription. This trend could provide us with growth opportunities as this movement could allow consumers easier access to these types of treatments. Our nasal pumps and unit dose devices are also used to deliver pain management products. Potential opportunities for providing alternatives to traditional pill and injectable dosage forms of medication include pump dispensing systems for vaccines, cold and flu treatments, central nervous systems applications and hormone replacement therapies.

MDIs are used for dispensing precise amounts of aerosolized medication. This technology allows medication to be broken up into very fine particles, which enables the drug to be delivered typically via the pulmonary system. Currently the majority of our MDIs sold are used for respiratory ailments such as asthma and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

We continue to develop new dispensing systems and accessories in this segment.  For example, we provide single dose delivery devices suitable for central nervous system applications. While we expect that these types of new products will come to market in the future, it is difficult to estimate when, as the rigors of pharmaceutical regulations affect the timing of product introductions by our pharmaceutical customers that use our dispensing systems.

Consumer Health Care.  Sales to the consumer health care market accounted for approximately 27% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018. Applications for this market are similar to the prescription market; however, these applications are sold over-the-counter without a prescription. Typical consumer health care spray pump applications include nasal decongestants, nasal salines and cough and cold applications. Typical consumer health care valve applications include nasal saline using our bag‑on valve technology. We have developed a multi dose ophthalmic dispensing device suitable for unpreserved formulations. This technology is successfully marketed in Europe, North America and Latin America and is under development for other markets both for over-the-counter and prescription applications. Other products sold to this market include airless pump systems for dermal drug delivery applications. We have recently seen a trend to more child resistant and senior‑friendly packaging solutions and have developed products to meet these market needs.

Injectables.  Sales to the injectables market accounted for approximately 17% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018. Injectables are elastomeric primary packaging components for injectable drug delivery. Injectable products offered include stoppers for vials and pre‑filled syringe components, such as plungers, needle shields, tip caps and components for cartridges. Our recent investment in this business allows us to market coated stoppers which better preserve the contents of the vial and adds value to our customers and the consumer. Pharmaceutical applications for this market include vaccines, anti‑thrombotic, small molecules and biologics.

 

 

3/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

Active Packaging.  Active packaging is a new technology for Aptar since the CSP Technologies Acquisition in the third quarter of 2018.  Sales of active packaging products accounted for approximately 4% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018 since acquisition. Through proprietary material science expertise, we deliver active packaging solutions such as desiccant material to enhance the shelf life and effectiveness of diagnostic and solid dose products.

FOOD + BEVERAGE

The Food + Beverage segment is our smallest segment in terms of net sales and total assets representing 14% of our Net Sales and Total Assets in 2018, but has been experiencing strong product growth over recent years. We primarily sell dispensing closures and, to a lesser degree, non‑dispensing closures, elastomeric flow control components, spray pumps and aerosol valves.

Sales of dispensing closures have grown as consumers worldwide have demonstrated a preference for a package utilizing the convenience of a dispensing closure. At the same time, consumer marketers are trying to differentiate their products by incorporating performance enhancing features such as bonded aluminum liners to plastic, flow‑control and no‑drip dispensing, inverted packaging and directional flow to make packages simpler to use, cleaner and more appealing to consumers.  We also have a number of product solutions that address the increased use of flexible packaging formats.

Food.  Sales to the food market accounted for approximately 64% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018 and primarily include sales of dispensing closures and elastomeric flow‑control components. To a lesser degree we also sell non‑dispensing closures, continuous spray aerosol valves and spray pumps to this market. Applications for dispensing closures include sauces, condiments, infant nutrition and other food products. Applications for continuous spray aerosol valves include cooking sprays. Spray pump applications primarily include butter or salad dressing sprays. With the completion of the CSP Technologies Acquisition in the third quarter of 2018, we have started to sell and further develop packaging solutions to the food service market to enhance the shelf life of those products.

Beverage.  Sales to the beverage market accounted for approximately 36% of the segment’s total net sales in 2018 and primarily include sales of dispensing closures and elastomeric flow‑control components. Sales of dispensing closures to the beverage market have increased significantly over the last several years as we continue to see an increase of interest from marketers using dispensing closures for their products. Examples of beverage products currently utilizing dispensing closures include bottled water, sport and energy drinks, juices and concentrated water flavorings.

GENERAL BUSINESS INFORMATION

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Our commitment to innovation, one of our competitive strengths, has resulted in an emphasis on research and development directed toward developing affordable, new, innovative packaging delivery solutions and adapting existing products for new markets or customer requirements. In certain cases, our customers share in the research and development expenses of customer initiated projects. Occasionally, we acquire or license from third parties technologies or products that are in various stages of development.

PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS

We customarily seek patent and trademark protection for our products and brands. We own and currently have numerous applications pending for patents and trademarks in many regions of the world. In addition, certain of our products are produced under patent licenses granted by third parties. We believe that we possess certain technical capabilities in making our products that make it difficult for a competitor to duplicate. While valuable to our overall product portfolio, sales of any one individually patented product are not considered material to any specific segment or to our consolidated results.

TECHNOLOGY

We have technical expertise regarding injection molding, robotics, clean-room facilities and high‑speed assembly. We also have expertise regarding the formulation and finishing of elastomer and silicone components. In addition, we offer a variety of sterilization options for elastomeric components and active packaging technology based on proprietary material science expertise. Pumps and aerosol valves require the assembly of several different plastic, metal and rubber components using high‑speed equipment. When molding dispensing closures, or plastic components to be used in pump or aerosol valve products, we use advanced plastic injection molding technology, including large cavitation plastic injection molds. We are able to mold within tolerances as small as one one‑thousandth of an inch and we assemble products in a high‑speed, cost‑effective manner. We are experts in molding liquid silicone that is used in certain dispensing closures as well as rubber gasket formulation and production primarily for the prescription drug and consumer health care markets.

 

 

4/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

MANUFACTURING AND SOURCING

The majority of our worldwide production is located outside of the United States. Our philosophy is to produce as much as possible in the region where it will be sold. In order to augment capacity and to maximize internal capacity utilization (particularly for plastic injection molding), we use subcontractors to supply certain plastic, metal and rubber components. Certain suppliers of these components have unique technical abilities that make us dependent on them, particularly for aerosol valve and pump production. The principal raw materials used in our production are plastic resins, silicone, rubber and certain metal products. We believe an adequate supply of such raw materials is available from existing and alternative sources. We attempt to offset cost increases through improving productivity and developing new, higher margin solutions and increasing selling prices, as allowed by market conditions or contractual commitments. We source certain materials, especially some resins and rubber components for our pharmaceutical segment, from a single source. Significant delays in receiving these components or discontinuance of an approved raw material would require us to seek alternative sources, which could result in higher costs as well as impact our ability to supply products in the short-term.

BACKLOG

Our sales are primarily made pursuant to standard purchase orders for delivery of products. While most orders placed with us are ready for delivery within 120 days, we continue to experience a trend towards shorter lead times requested by our customers. Some customers place blanket orders, which extend beyond this delivery period. However, deliveries against purchase orders are subject to change, and only a small portion of the order backlog is noncancelable. The dollar amount associated with the noncancelable portion is not material. Therefore, we do not believe that backlog as of any particular date is an accurate indicator of future results.

CUSTOMERS

We have approximately 5,000 customers with no single customer or group of affiliated customers accounting for greater than 6% of 2018 Net Sales. A consolidation of our customer base has been occurring and this trend is expected to continue. A concentration of customers presents opportunities for increasing sales due to the breadth of our product line, our international presence and our long‑term relationships with certain customers. However, consolidation of our customers could lead to pricing pressures, concentration of credit risk and fewer opportunities to introduce new products to the market.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

We are geographically diverse with manufacturing and sales operations in Asia, Europe, Latin America (including Mexico) and North America.  Europe is our largest region in terms of sales, where sales for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 were approximately 59%, 58% and 57%, respectively, of our consolidated sales. Asia and Latin America when aggregated represented approximately 15%, 16% and 16% of our consolidated sales for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Export sales from the United States were $171.7 million, $152.8 million and $165.1 million in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. We are a net exporter of goods from the U.S. and Europe and a net importer of goods to the Asian and Latin American regions.

FOREIGN CURRENCY

Because of our international presence, movements in exchange rates have a significant impact on the translation of the financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries. Our primary foreign exchange exposure is to the euro, but we have foreign exchange exposure to the Chinese yuan, Brazilian real, Mexican peso, Swiss franc and other Asian, European and South American currencies. A weakening U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies has an additive translation effect on our financial statements. Conversely, a strengthening U.S. dollar has a dilutive effect. We manage our exposures to foreign exchange principally with forward exchange contracts to economically hedge recorded transactions and firm purchase and sales commitments denominated in foreign currencies.

During the quarter ended June 30, 2018, we concluded that Argentina has become a highly inflationary economy primarily based on published estimates, which indicate that Argentina's three-year cumulative inflation rate has exceeded 100%. Beginning July 1, 2018, we applied highly inflationary accounting for our Argentinian subsidiaries. We have changed the functional currency from the Argentinian peso to the U.S. dollar.

WORKING CAPITAL PRACTICES

Collection and payment periods tend to be longer for our operations located outside the United States due to local business practices. We have also seen an increasing trend in pressure from certain customers to lengthen their payment terms. As the majority of our products are made to order, we have not needed to keep significant amounts of finished goods inventory to meet customer requirements.  However, some of our contracts specify an amount of finished goods safety stock we are required to maintain.

 

 

5/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

To the extent our financial position allows and there is a clear financial benefit, we from time-to-time benefit from early payment discounts with some suppliers.

EMPLOYEE AND LABOR RELATIONS

AptarGroup has approximately 14,100 full‑time employees. Of the full‑time employees, approximately 8,700 are located in Europe, 3,000 are located in Asia and South America and the remaining 2,400 are located in North America. The majority of our European and Latin American employees are covered by collective bargaining arrangements made at either the local or national level in their respective countries and approximately 130 of the North American employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Termination of employees at certain of our international operations could be costly due to local regulations regarding severance benefits. There were no material work stoppages in 2018 and management considers our employee relations to be satisfactory.

COMPETITION

All of the markets in which we operate are highly competitive and we continue to experience price competition in all product lines and markets. Competitors include privately and publicly held entities that range from regional to international companies. We expect the market for our products to remain competitive. We believe our competitive advantages are consistent high levels of innovation, quality and service, geographic diversity, financial strength and stability and breadth of products. Our manufacturing strength lies in the ability to mold complex plastic components and formulate and finish elastomer and silicone components in a cost‑effective manner and to assemble products at high speeds. Our business is somewhat capital intensive and it is becoming more important to our customers that we have global manufacturing capabilities. Both of these serve as barriers to entry for new competitors wanting to enter our business.

While we have experienced some competition in Europe, Latin America and the United States from low cost Asian suppliers, particularly in the low‑end beauty and personal care market, this has not been significant. Although using low cost Asian suppliers may have a cost advantage, some customers prefer local suppliers citing better quality, better customer service and shorter lead times. 

ENVIRONMENT

Our manufacturing operations primarily involve plastic injection molding, automated assembly processes, elastomer and silicone formulation and finishing and, to a limited degree, metal anodization and vacuum metallization of plastic components. Historically, the environmental impact of these processes has been minimal, and we believe we meet current environmental standards in all material respects. To date, our manufacturing operations have not been significantly affected by environmental laws and regulations relating to the environment.

Recently there is increased interest and awareness from consumers, and from our customers, in environmentally sustainable products, especially through the sourcing of sustainable materials. We are focused on reducing our environmental impacts through product life cycle assessments, sustainable material trials, operational eco-efficiency initiatives and renewable energy sourcing. We have teams dedicated to designing for sustainability by providing products that improve recyclability and use less material.  Aptar has launched products and components in North America and Europe made with post-consumer recycled resins (PCR) and continues to explore additional opportunities for alternative resins and recyclable products. 

Connecting with other companies through organizations like Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s New Plastics Economy and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) provides an invaluable opportunity to share best practices and work on larger projects with aligned objectives.

Future regulations on environmental matters regarding recycling or material inputs could impact our business.

GOVERNMENT REGULATION

Certain of our products are indirectly affected by government regulation. The European Union has passed regulations aimed to reduce marine litter and increase plastic recycling rates. These regulations include the ban of single-use plastics by 2021 and the collection and recycling of more plastics post-consumer use. In some of the United States, regulations oblige food and beverage companies to tether plastic caps to ensure the caps stay with the package, thus improving the likelihood the caps will enter the recycling stream. The potential exists for these types of regulations to expand worldwide. We have established an innovation team that focuses on designing for and converting into more sustainable options like post-consumer recycled resin and Food and Drug Administration approved resin alternatives. We are designing for sustainability by providing products that improve recyclability and use less material, and we offer multiple tethered options. We are also partnering with global and regional thought leaders to drive a more circular economy.

 

 

6/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

Demand for aerosol and pump packaging is also affected by government regulations regarding the release of volatile organic compounds (“VOCs”) into the atmosphere. Europe and the United States have regulations that require the reduction in the amount of VOCs that can be released into the atmosphere and the potential exists for this type of regulation to expand worldwide. These regulations required certain of our customers to reformulate certain aerosol and pump products, which may have affected the demand for such products. We own patents and have developed systems to function with alternative propellant and product formulations.

Future government regulations could include healthcare cost containment policies. For example, reviews by various governments to determine the number of drugs, or prices thereof, that will be paid by their insurance systems could affect future sales of our pharmaceutical customers’ products and thus adversely impact our sales to these customers. Such regulation could adversely affect prices of and demand for our pharmaceutical products. We believe that the focus on the cost effectiveness of the use of medications as compared to surgery and hospitalization provides us with an opportunity to expand sales to the pharmaceutical market.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

Our executive officers as of February 21, 2019 are as follows:

 

 

 

Name

Age

Position with the Company

 

 

 

Stephan Tanda

53

President and Chief Executive Officer

Mr. Tanda has been President and Chief Executive Officer since February 2017. Prior to this, Mr. Tanda was an Executive Managing Board Director at Royal DSM NV, a leading global supplier of ingredients and material solutions for the food, dietary supplement, personal care, medical device, automotive, paint, electronic and bio-material markets, from March 2007 to January 2017.

 

 

 

Robert Kuhn

56

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

Mr. Kuhn has been Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since September 2008. Mr. Kuhn has been Secretary since June 2011.

 

 

 

Eldon Schaffer

53

President, Aptar Beauty + Home

Mr. Schaffer has been President of Aptar Beauty + Home since January 2016.  Prior to this, Mr. Schaffer was President of Aptar Food + Beverage from 2012 to 2015 and President of Aptar Beauty + Home North America from 2010 to 2011.

 

 

 

Marc Prieur

53

President, Aptar Food + Beverage

Mr. Prieur has been President of Aptar Food + Beverage since September 2018.  Prior to this, Mr. Prieur was VP of Aptar Operational Excellence from June 2017 to August 2018, President EMEA Sales & Operations – Consumer Health Care from June 2013 to June 2017 and President of our Pharma business in Asia from June 2008 to June 2013.

 

 

 

Gael Touya

49

President, Aptar Pharma

Mr. Touya has been President of Aptar Pharma since September 2018. Prior to this, Mr. Touya was President of Aptar Food + Beverage from 2016 to August 2018, President of Aptar Food + Beverage Europe from 2012 to 2015 and Business Development Vice President Skin Care and Color Cosmetics from 2010 to 2011.

 

 

 

Xiangwei Gong

49

President, Aptar Asia

Ms. Gong has been President of Aptar Asia since October 2018.  Prior to this, Ms. Gong held various leadership positions at Royal DSM for over 22 years. She was President of DSM Hydrocolloids from 2014 to 2018, President Asia of DSM Food Specialties from 2011 to 2014, Vice President of Channel Marketing from 2008 to 2011 and Vice President of Personal Care in DSM North America from 2005 to 2008.

 

 

 

Shiela Vinczeller

55

Chief Human Resources Officer

Ms. Vinczeller has been Chief Human Resources Officer since November 2018.  Prior to this, Ms. Vinczeller spent 12 years in Human Resources leadership roles at International Paper, one of the world’s leading producers of fiber-based packaging, pulp and paper.

 

There were no arrangements or understandings between any of the executive officers and any other person(s) pursuant to which such officers were elected.

 

 

7/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

Set forth below and elsewhere in this report and in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission are risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to materially differ from the results contemplated by the forward‑looking statements contained in this report and in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or that we currently deem immaterial, may also impair our business operations. You should carefully consider the following factors in addition to other information contained in this report on Form 10‑K before purchasing any shares of our common stock.

If there is deterioration in economic conditions in a particular region or market, our business and operating results could be materially adversely impacted.  Due to our strong balance sheet, diverse product offerings, various end‑markets served, and our broad geographic presence, we believe we are well positioned to withstand slowness in any one particular region or market.  However, economic uncertainties affect businesses such as ours in a number of ways, making it difficult to accurately forecast and plan our future business activities. A tightening of credit in financial markets or other factors may lead consumers and businesses to postpone spending, which may cause our customers to cancel, decrease or delay their existing and future orders with us. In addition, financial difficulties experienced by our suppliers, customers or distributors could result in product delays, increased accounts receivable defaults, inventory or supply challenges and pricing pressures. An interruption in supply may also impact our ability to meet customer demands. Consumer demand for our customers’ products and shifting consumer preferences are unpredictable and could have a negative impact on our customers and our customers’ demand for our products.

We face strong global competition and our market share could decline.  All of the markets in which we operate are highly competitive and we continue to experience price competition in all product lines and segments. Competitors include privately and publicly held entities. Our competitors mainly range from regional to international companies. If we are unable to compete successfully, our market share may decline, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Geopolitical conditions, including trade disputes and direct or indirect acts of war or terrorism, could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial results.  Our operations could be disrupted by geopolitical conditions such as Brexit, trade disputes, international boycotts and sanctions, acts of war, terrorist activity or other similar events. Such events could make it difficult, impossible or more expensive to manufacture or deliver products to our customers, receive production materials from our suppliers, or perform critical functions, all of which could adversely affect our business globally or in certain regions. In addition, our customers may export their finished products using our dispensing devices that were sold in other regions and an adverse geopolitical event may impact the sales of our customers’ products and thus indirectly negatively impact the demand for our dispensing solutions. However, our business is well-diversified across eight end markets and many geographies as we produce in eighteen countries and while we do face some risk related to specific trade policies, we believe our diverse business model, coupled with our diverse and global customer base, allow some protection from dependency on any one geographic region, country or even trade route.

We have foreign currency translation and transaction risks that may materially adversely affect our operating results.  A majority of our operations are located outside of the United States. Because of this, movements in exchange rates may have an impact on the translation of the financial statements of our foreign entities. Our primary foreign exchange exposure is to the euro, but we have foreign exchange exposure to the Chinese yuan, Brazilian real, Mexican peso, Swiss franc, and other Asian, European and South American currencies. A weakening U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies has an additive translation effect on our financial statements. Conversely, a strengthening U.S. dollar has a dilutive translation effect. In some cases, we sell products denominated in a currency different from the currency in which the related costs are incurred. We manage our exposures to foreign exchange principally with forward exchange contracts to economically hedge certain transactions and firm purchase and sales commitments denominated in foreign currencies. The volatility of currency exchange rates may materially affect our operating results.

Government regulation on environmental matters regarding recycling or environmental sustainability policies could impact our business.  Future government regulations mandating the use or limitations of certain materials could impact our manufacturing processes or the technologies we use forcing faster development and adoption of alternative materials or assets used in the production of our products.

Future government regulations of healthcare cost containment policies may impact our pharmaceutical sales.  Review by governments of the number of drugs and prices thereof that will be paid by their insurance systems could affect future sales to the pharmaceutical industry and thereby adversely affect prices of and demand for our pharmaceutical products.

Consolidation of customer base could impact our business.  We believe mergers and acquisitions within our customer base create opportunities for increasing sales due to the breadth of our product line, our international presence and our long‑term relationships with certain customers. However, consolidation of our customers could lead to pricing pressures, concentration of credit risk and fewer opportunities to introduce new products to the market.

 

 

8/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

If our expansion initiatives are unsuccessful, our operating results and reputation may suffer.  We are expanding our operations in a number of geographies and markets, including facilities expansions in Latin America and Asia, and market expansions such as active packaging. Expansion of our operations require a significant amount of time and attention from our senior management and/or capital investment. These activities present considerable challenges and risks, including the general economic and political conditions in the markets that we enter, attracting, training and retaining qualified and talented employees, infrastructure disruptions, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, the imposition of restrictions by governmental authorities, compliance with current, new and changing governmental laws and regulations and the cost of such compliance activities. If any of our expansion efforts are unsuccessful, our operating results and reputation may suffer. 

The success or failure of our customers’ products, particularly in the pharmaceutical market, may materially affect our operating results and financial condition.  In the pharmaceutical market, the proprietary nature of our customers’ products and the success or failure of their products in the market using our dispensing systems may have a material impact on our operating results and financial condition. We may potentially work for years on modifying our dispensing device to work in conjunction with a customer’s drug formulation. If the customer’s pharmaceutical product is not approved by regulatory bodies or it is not successful on the market, the associated costs may not be recovered.

Higher raw material costs and other inputs and an inability to increase our selling prices may materially adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.  The cost of raw materials and other inputs (particularly plastic resin, rubber, metal, anodization costs and transportation and energy costs) are volatile and susceptible to rapid and substantial changes due to factors beyond our control, such as changing economic conditions, currency fluctuations, weather conditions, political unrest and instability in energy‑producing nations, and supply and demand pressures. Raw material costs may increase in the coming years and, although we have generally been able to increase selling prices to cover increased costs, future market conditions may prevent us from passing these increased costs on to our customers through timely price increases. In addition, we may not be able to improve productivity or realize savings from our cost reduction programs sufficiently enough to offset the impact of increased raw material costs. As a result, higher raw material costs could result in declining margins and operating results.

In difficult market conditions, our fixed costs structure combined with potentially lower revenues may negatively impact our results.  Our business is characterized by relatively high fixed costs and, notwithstanding our utilization of third‑party manufacturing capacity, most of our production requirements are met by our own manufacturing facilities. In difficult environments, we are generally faced with a decline in the utilization rates of our manufacturing facilities due to decreases in product demand. During such periods, our plants may not operate at full capacity and the costs associated with this excess capacity are charged directly to cost of sales. Difficult market conditions in the future may adversely affect our utilization rates and consequently our future gross margins, and this, in turn, could have a material negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If our unionized employees were to engage in a strike or other work stoppage, our business, operating results and financial position could be materially adversely affected.  The majority of our European and Latin American employees are covered by collective bargaining arrangements made either at the local or national level in their respective countries and approximately 130 of our North American employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Although we believe that our relations with our employees are satisfactory, no assurance can be given that this will continue. If disputes with our unions arise, or if our unionized workers engage in a strike or other work stoppage, we could incur higher labor costs or experience a significant disruption of operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial position.

Single sourced materials and manufacturing sites could adversely impact our ability to deliver product.  The Company sources certain materials, especially some resins and rubber components for our pharmaceutical segment, from a single source. Any disruption in the supply of these materials could adversely impact our ability to deliver product to our customers. Similarly, we have certain components and products that are manufactured at a single location or from a single machine or mold. Any disruption to the manufacturing process could also adversely impact our ability to deliver product to our customers. 

If we were to incur a significant product liability claim above our current insurance coverage, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. The failure of our devices to operate as intended may result in a product liability claim against us. We believe we maintain adequate levels of product liability insurance coverage. A product liability claim in excess of our insurance coverage or not covered by existing insurance may materially adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

 

9/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

Increased cybersecurity threats could pose a risk to our operations.  Increased global information security threats and more sophisticated, targeted computer crime pose a risk to the confidentiality, availability and integrity of our data, operations and infrastructure, as well as the data of our customers. We continue to assess potential threats and make investments seeking to reduce the risk of these threats by employing a number of security measures, including employee training, comprehensive monitoring of our networks and systems, and maintenance of backup and protective systems. We also periodically test our systems for vulnerabilities and have on occasion used a third party to conduct such tests. To date, we have seen no material impact on our business or operations from these threats; however, we cannot guarantee that our security efforts will prevent unauthorized access or loss of functionality to our or our third-party providers’ systems. Even with these mitigations, our information systems remain potentially vulnerable to sophisticated cybersecurity threats. Depending on their nature and scope, such threats could potentially lead to the compromise of confidential information, improper use of our systems and networks, manipulation and destruction of data, production downtimes and operational disruptions, which in turn could adversely affect our reputation, competitiveness and results of operations. 

If our integration of acquisitions are unsuccessful, our operating results and reputation in the investment community may suffer.  We continue to pursue growth through acquisitions, including the recent CSP Technologies and Reboul acquisitions. If our integration, including unlocking synergies, is unsuccessful we may not realize the full potential of the acquisitions and as a result our financial performance may suffer.  Through our experience and outside advisors we think we minimize this risk both from a diligence and integration perspective.

We have approximately $712.1 million in recorded goodwill at December 31, 2018, and changes in future business conditions could cause this asset to become impaired, requiring write‑downs that would reduce our operating income.  We evaluate the recoverability of goodwill amounts annually, or more frequently when evidence of potential impairment exists. The impairment test is based on several factors requiring judgment. A decrease in expected reporting unit cash flows or changes in market conditions may indicate potential impairment of recorded goodwill and, as a result, our operating results could be materially adversely affected. See “Critical Accounting Estimates” in Part II, Item 7 for additional information.

We are subject to tax regulations in the many jurisdictions in which we operate, and changes in tax regulations could materially impact our results.  Future changes in tax laws or in the interpretation of tax laws in jurisdictions where we have significant operations could materially impact our provision for income taxes, the amount of taxes payable and our deferred tax asset and liability balances.

We are currently implementing a business transformation plan, with the main objective to return our Beauty + Home segment to historical growth and profit margins.  Certain elements of this transformation plan can be disruptive to our business and our employees if we do not manage the change properly.  Furthermore, the transformation plan may take longer to complete than currently expected, may be more costly to complete than currently expected and may not be successful in returning Beauty + Home to historical growth and profit margins.  Any such effects could materially adversely impact our business.

Ownership by Certain Significant Stockholders.  Currently, Aptar has three institutional stockholders who each own between 8% and 11% of our outstanding common stock. None of these stockholders have direct representation on our Board of Directors.  If one of these stockholders decides to sell significant volumes of our stock, this could put downward pressure on the price of the stock.

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

The Company has no unresolved comments from the SEC.

 

 

10/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

We lease or own our principal offices and manufacturing facilities. None of the owned principal properties is subject to a lien or other encumbrance material to our operations. We believe that existing operating leases will be renegotiated as they expire, will be acquired through purchase options or that suitable alternative properties will be leased on acceptable terms. We consider the condition and extent of utilization of our manufacturing facilities and other properties to be generally good, and the capacity of our plants to be adequate for the needs of our business. The locations of our principal manufacturing facilities, by country, are set forth below:

 

ARGENTINA

GERMANY

SPAIN

Berazategui (1 & 2)

Böhringen (1 & 2)

Madrid (1)

Tortuguitas (1 & 3)

Dortmund (1)

Torello (1 & 3)

 

Eigeltingen (2)

 

BRAZIL

Freyung (1 & 3)

SWITZERLAND

Cajamar (1)

Menden (1)

Mezzovico (2)

Maringá Paraná (1 & 3)

Villingen-Schwenningen (1 & 2)

 

Jundiai (1)

 

THAILAND

 

INDIA

Chonburi (1)

CHINA

Himachal Pradesh (1)

 

Suzhou (1, 2 & 3)

Hyderabad (1 & 3)

UNITED KINGDOM

 

Mumbai (2)

Leeds, England (1 & 3)

COLOMBIA

 

 

Cali (1)

INDONESIA

UNITED STATES

 

Cikarang, Bekasi (1)

Atlanta, Georgia (3)

CZECH REPUBLIC

 

Auburn, Alabama (2 & 3)

Ckyne (1 & 3)

IRELAND

Cary, Illinois (1, 2 & 3)

 

Ballinasloe, County Galway (1)

Congers, New York (2)

FRANCE

 

Eatontown, New Jersey (1 & 2)

Annecy (1 & 2)

ITALY

Libertyville, Illinois (1 & 3)

Brecey (2)

Manoppello (1)

Lincolnton, North Carolina (3)

Charleval (1 & 2)

San Giovanni Teatino (Chieti) (1 & 3)

McHenry, Illinois (1 & 2)

Granville (2)

 

Midland, Michigan (1 & 3)

Le Neubourg (1)

MEXICO

Mukwonago, Wisconsin (1, 2 & 3)

Le Vaudreuil (2)

Queretaro (1 & 3)

Stratford, Connecticut (1)

Niederbronn-les-Bains (2)

 

Torrington, Connecticut (1)

Oyonnax (1)

RUSSIA

Watertown, Connecticut (1)

Poincy (1 & 3)

Vladimir (1 & 3)

 

Verneuil Sur Avre (1)

 

 


(1)

Locations of facilities manufacturing for the Beauty + Home segment.

(2)

Locations of facilities manufacturing for the Pharma segment.

(3)

Locations of facilities manufacturing for the Food + Beverage segment.

We also have sales personnel in countries other than those listed above.  Our corporate office is located in Crystal Lake, Illinois.

ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In the normal course of business, we are subject to a number of lawsuits and claims both actual and potential in nature. While management believes the resolution of these claims and lawsuits will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations or cash flows, claims and legal proceedings are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable outcomes could occur that could include amounts in excess of any accruals which management has established. Were such unfavorable final outcomes to occur, it is possible that they could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

 

11/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

PART II

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY

Our Common Stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “ATR”. As of February 15, 2019, there were approximately 200 holders of record of our Common Stock. A substantially greater number of holders of our Common Stock are “street name” or beneficial holders, whose shares of record are held by banks, brokers, and other financial institutions.

DIVIDENDS

In January 2019, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.34 per share of Common Stock, which was paid on February 20, 2019 to stockholders of record as of January 30, 2019. While we expect to continue to pay a regular quarterly dividend of $0.34 per share in 2019, the timing, declaration, amount and payment of any future cash dividends are at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on our available cash, working capital, financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, covenants in our credit facility, applicable law and other factors that our Board of Directors considers relevant.

RECENT SALES OF UNREGISTERED SECURITIES

Certain French employees are eligible to participate in the FCP Aptar Savings Plan (the “Plan”). An independent agent purchases shares of Common Stock available under the Plan for cash on the open market and we do not issue shares. We do not receive any proceeds from the purchase of Common Stock under the Plan. The agent under the Plan is Banque Nationale de Paris Paribas Fund Services. No underwriters are used under the Plan. All shares are sold in reliance upon the exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933 provided by Regulation S promulgated under that Act. During the quarter ended December 31, 2018, the Plan purchased 7,750 shares of our Common Stock on behalf of the participants at an average price of $100.76 per share, for an aggregate amount of $781 thousand, and sold 1,200 shares of our Common Stock on behalf of the participants at an average price of $103.97 per share, for an aggregate amount of $125 thousand. At December 31, 2018, the Plan owned 82,677 shares of our Common Stock.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

On October 20, 2016, we announced a share repurchase authorization of up to $350 million of Common Stock.  This authorization replaces previous authorizations and has no expiration date.  We may repurchase shares through the open market, privately negotiated transactions or other programs, subject to market conditions.

We did not repurchase any shares during the fourth quarter of 2018 and have $80.2 million of remaining authorization as of December 31, 2018.

 

 

12/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

SHARE PERFORMANCE

The following graph shows a five year comparison of the cumulative total stockholder return on our Common Stock as compared to the cumulative total return of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Stock Price Index and to an index of peer group companies we selected. The companies included in the peer group are: A. Schulman, Inc., Bemis Company, Inc., Berry Global Group, Inc., Crown Holdings, Inc., Graphic Packaging Holding Company, Greif Inc., H.B. Fuller Company, International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc., KapStone Paper and Packaging Corporation, Owen’s‑Illinois, Inc., Packaging Corporation of America, PH Glatfelter Company., Rayonier Inc., Sealed Air Corporation, Sensient Technologies Corporation, Silgan Holdings, Inc., Sonoco Products Company, Stepan Company, TriMas Corporation and West Pharmaceutical Services Inc.

Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Stockholder Returns

C:\Users\morlockt\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files\Content.Word\Aptar dec18_5yr share performance graph.jpg

The graph and other information furnished in the section titled “Share Performance” under this Part II, Item 5 of this Form 10‑K shall not be deemed to be “soliciting” material or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

 

 

13/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

FIVE YEAR SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dollars in millions, except per share data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

     

 

2018

     

 

 

2017

     

 

 

2016

     

 

 

2015

     

 

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Income Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Sales

 

$

2,764.8

 

 

$

2,469.3

 

 

$

2,330.9

 

 

$

2,317.1

 

 

$

2,597.8

 

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown below)  (1)

 

 

1,813.0

 

 

 

1,603.1

 

 

 

1,496.2

 

 

 

1,499.0

 

 

 

1,752.6

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

65.6

%  

 

 

64.9

%  

 

 

64.2

%  

 

 

64.7

%  

 

 

67.5

%

Selling, research & development and administrative

 

 

430.0

 

 

 

387.4

 

 

 

366.3

 

 

 

349.1

 

 

 

382.1

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

15.6

%  

 

 

15.7

%  

 

 

15.7

%  

 

 

15.1

%  

 

 

14.7

%

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

171.7

 

 

 

153.1

 

 

 

154.8

 

 

 

138.9

 

 

 

152.2

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

6.2

%  

 

 

6.2

%  

 

 

6.6

%  

 

 

6.0

%  

 

 

5.8

%

Restructuring initiatives

 

 

63.8

 

 

 

2.2

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 —

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

2.3

%  

 

 

0.1

%  

 

 

 —

%  

 

 

 —

%  

 

 

 —

%

Operating Income

 

 

286.3

 

 

 

323.5

 

 

 

313.7

 

 

 

330.2

 

 

 

310.9

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

10.3

%  

 

 

13.1

%  

 

 

13.5

%  

 

 

14.2

%  

 

 

12.0

%

Net Income

 

 

194.8

 

 

 

220.0

 

 

 

205.6

 

 

 

199.3

 

 

 

191.6

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

7.0

%  

 

 

8.9

%  

 

 

8.8

%  

 

 

8.6

%  

 

 

7.4

%

Net Income Attributable to AptarGroup, Inc.

 

 

194.7

 

 

 

220.0

 

 

 

205.6

 

 

 

199.3

 

 

 

191.7

 

% of Net Sales

 

 

7.0

%  

 

 

8.9

%  

 

 

8.8

%  

 

 

8.6

%  

 

 

7.4

%

Net Income Attributable to AptarGroup, Inc. per Common Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

3.12

 

 

 

3.52

 

 

 

3.27

 

 

 

3.19

 

 

 

2.95

 

Diluted

 

 

3.00

 

 

 

3.41

 

 

 

3.17

 

 

 

3.09

 

 

 

2.85

 

Balance Sheet and Other Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital Expenditures

 

$

211.3

 

 

$

156.6

 

 

$

129.0

 

 

$

149.3

 

 

$

161.9

 

Total Assets

 

 

3,377.7

 

 

 

3,137.8

 

 

 

2,606.8

 

 

 

2,437.0

 

 

 

2,436.5

 

Long-Term Obligations

 

 

1,126.0

 

 

 

1,191.1

 

 

 

772.7

 

 

 

760.8

 

 

 

588.2

 

Net Debt (2)

 

 

1,028.1

 

 

 

544.7

 

 

 

480.3

 

 

 

298.1

 

 

 

440.4

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

1,422.9

 

 

 

1,312.0

 

 

 

1,174.2

 

 

 

1,149.7

 

 

 

1,103.9

 

Capital Expenditures % of Net Sales

 

 

7.6

%  

 

 

6.3

%  

 

 

5.5

%  

 

 

6.4

%  

 

 

6.2

%

Interest Bearing Debt to Total Capitalization (3)

 

 

47.6

%  

 

 

48.9

%  

 

 

44.6

%  

 

 

41.6

%  

 

 

43.2

%

Net Debt to Net Capitalization (4)

 

 

41.9

%  

 

 

29.3

%  

 

 

29.0

%  

 

 

20.6

%  

 

 

28.5

%

Cash Dividends Declared per Common Share

 

 

1.32

 

 

 

1.28

 

 

 

1.22

 

 

 

1.14

 

 

 

1.09

 


(1)

Cost of sales includes $7.4 million reduction in expense for 2015 due to a change in accounting method relating to our inventory accounting methods. 

(2)

Net Debt is interest bearing debt less cash and cash equivalents.

(3)

Total Capitalization is Total Stockholders’ Equity plus Interest Bearing Debt.

(4)

Net Capitalization is Total Stockholders’ Equity plus Net Debt.

 

 

14/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated)

The objective of the following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Consolidated Results of Operations and Financial Condition (“MD&A”) is to help the reader understand the financial performance of AptarGroup, Inc. MD&A is presented in eight sections: Overview, Results of Operations, Liquidity and Capital Resources, Off‑Balance Sheet Arrangements, Overview of Contractual Obligations, Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements, Critical Accounting Estimates, Operations Outlook and Forward‑Looking Statements. MD&A should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10‑K.

In MD&A, “we,” “our,” “us,” “AptarGroup,” “AptarGroup, Inc.”, “Aptar” and the “Company” refer to AptarGroup, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

OVERVIEW

GENERAL

Aptar is a leading global supplier of a broad range of innovative dispensing, sealing and active packaging solutions for the beauty, personal care, home care, prescription drug, consumer health care, injectables, food and beverage markets. We use insights, design, engineering and science to create innovative packaging technologies that build brand value for its customers, and, in turn, make a meaningful difference in the lives, looks, health and homes of people around the world.

In addition to the information presented herein that conforms to U.S. GAAP, we also present certain financial information that does not conform to U.S. GAAP, which are referred to as non-U.S. GAAP financial measures. Management may assess our financial results both on a U.S. GAAP basis and on a non-U.S. GAAP basis. We believe it is useful to present these non-U.S.GAAP financial measures because they allow for a better period over period comparison of operating results by removing the impact of items that, in management’s view, do not reflect Aptar’s core operating performance. These non-U.S. GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for U.S. GAAP financial results, but should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated statements of income and other information presented herein. Investors are cautioned against placing undue reliance on these non-U.S. GAAP measures. Further, investors are urged to review and consider carefully the adjustments made by management to the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure to arrive at these non-U.S. GAAP financial measures.  See the reconciliation of non-U.S. GAAP measures starting on page 23.  

For the year ended December 31, 2018, reported sales increased 12% to $2.76 billion from $2.47 billion a year ago. Core sales, excluding the positive impact from changes in currency exchange rates and acquisition effects, increased approximately 8%.  A reconciliation of core sales growth to reported net sales growth, the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure, can be found on page 16. During 2018, we achieved strong top line growth across each segment, each geographic regional and in all end markets other than beverage, which was slightly down on lower custom tooling sales. We continued to benefit from our Commercial Excellence and Transformation initiatives, especially in our Beauty + Home segment. We also faced inflationary cost increases that had negative effects on our profitability and we are working diligently to increase prices to offset these headwinds.

2018 HIGHLIGHTS

·

Reported sales increased 12%. Core sales, excluding currency and acquisition effects, grew 8%.

·

Reported net income decreased 11%. Adjusted EBITDA, excluding among other things restructuring expenses, acquisition costs and purchase accounting adjustments related to acquired inventory, increased 16% and adjusted EBITDA margin was 20% compared to 19% a year ago.

·

Business transformation underway and we began to see the positive results on Beauty + Home segment’s top line growth; margin improvements were offset by headwinds including the timing of raw material cost pass-throughs and isolated operational challenges.

·

Acquired strategic technologies (CSP Technologies and Reboul).

·

2018 was our 25th consecutive year of paying an increased dividend.

 

 

 

15/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table sets forth the consolidated statements of income and the related percentages of net sales for the periods indicated.  Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

2018

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

Amount in

    

% of

    

 

Amount in

    

% of

    

 

Amount in

    

% of

 

 

$ Thousands

 

Net Sales

 

 

$ Thousands

 

Net Sales

 

 

$ Thousands

 

Net Sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

2,764,761

 

100.0

%  

 

$

2,469,283

 

100.0

%  

 

$

2,330,934

 

100.0

%

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown below)

 

1,812,961

 

65.6

 

 

 

1,603,070

 

64.9

 

 

 

1,496,174

 

64.2

 

Selling, research & development and administrative

 

429,955

 

15.6

 

 

 

387,424

 

15.7

 

 

 

366,269

 

15.7

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

171,747

 

6.2

 

 

 

153,094

 

6.2

 

 

 

154,802

 

6.6

 

Restructuring initiatives

 

63,829

 

2.3

 

 

 

2,208

 

0.1

 

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

Operating income

 

286,269

 

10.3

 

 

 

323,487

 

13.1

 

 

 

313,689

 

13.5

 

Other expense

 

(20,249)

 

(0.7)

 

 

 

(28,662)

 

(1.2)

 

 

 

(33,192)

 

(1.5)

 

Income before income taxes

 

266,020

 

9.6

 

 

 

294,825

 

11.9

 

 

 

280,497

 

12.0

 

Net Income

 

194,766

 

7.0

 

 

 

220,029

 

8.9

 

 

 

205,604

 

8.8

 

Effective tax rate

 

26.8

%  

 

 

 

 

25.4

%  

 

 

 

 

26.7

%  

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin (1)

 

19.9

%  

 

 

 

 

19.2

%  

 

 

 

 

20.4

%  

 

 


(1)

Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Reported Net Sales.  See the reconciliation of Non-U.S. GAAP measures starting on page 23.

NET SALES

For the year ended December 31, 2018, reported net sales increased 12% to $2.76 billion from $2.47 billion a year ago.  Our most significant currency exposure is with the euro.  During 2018, the average U.S. dollar exchange rate weakened compared to the euro, and this was the primary reason currency translation effects contributed 2% to our sales growth.  Sales were also positively impacted 2% by the acquisitions of CSP Technologies and Reboul. Therefore, 2018 sales, excluding acquisitions and changes in foreign currency rates (“core sales”), increased 8% as all three segments reported growth over 2017. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2018

    

Beauty

    

 

 

Food +

    

 

    

Net Sales Change versus Prior Year

    

+ Home

    

Pharma

 

Beverage

    

Total

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Sales Growth

 

 7

%  

12

%

 5

%  

 8

%  

Acquisitions

 

 1

%  

 4

%

 4

%  

 2

%  

Currency Effects (1)

 

 1

%  

 2

%

 1

%  

 2

%  

Total Reported Net Sales Growth

 

 9

%  

18

%

10

%  

12

%  


(1) Currency effects are calculated by translating last year’s amounts at this year’s foreign exchange rates.

In 2017, reported net sales increased 6% to $2.47 billion from $2.33 billion a year ago.  The average U.S. dollar exchange rate weakened compared to the euro while the impact of the other major currencies related to our business was mixed.  This resulted in a positive currency translation impact of 1%.  The 2016 acquisition of Mega Airless positively impacted sales by 1%.  Therefore, core sales increased 4% over the prior year. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2017

    

Beauty

    

 

 

Food +

    

 

    

Net Sales Change versus Prior Year

    

+ Home

    

Pharma

 

Beverage

    

Total

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Sales Growth

 

 2

%  

 8

%

 6

%  

 4

%  

Acquisitions

 

 1

%  

 —

%

 —

%  

 1

%  

Currency Effects (1)

 

 1

%  

 1

%

 —

%  

 1

%  

Total Reported Net Sales Growth

 

 4

%  

 9

%

 6

%  

 6

%  


(1)

Currency effects are calculated by translating last year’s amounts at this year’s foreign exchange rates.

 

 

16/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

 

Foreign currency effects are approximations of the adjustment necessary to state the prior year net sales using current period exchange rates. For further discussion on net sales by reporting segment, please refer to the segment analysis of net sales and operating income on the following pages.

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, net sales by geographic location:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

2018

    

% of Total

    

 

2017

    

% of Total

    

 

2016

    

% of Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic

 

$

726,336

 

26

%  

$

642,164

 

26

%  

$

619,814

 

27

%

Europe

 

 

1,627,478

 

59

%  

 

1,426,173

 

58

%  

 

1,329,398

 

57

%

Other Foreign

 

 

410,947

 

15

%  

 

400,946

 

16

%  

 

381,722

 

16

%

 

COST OF SALES (EXCLUSIVE OF DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION SHOWN BELOW)

Our cost of sales (“COS”) as a percent of net sales increased to 65.6% in 2018 compared to 64.9% in 2017.  During 2018, we reported a higher COS percentage mainly due to a $14.2 million negative impact of purchase accounting adjustments related to our CSP Technologies and Reboul acquisitions. Our overall COS percentage was also negatively impacted approximately $12.3 million related to the timing of passing through higher material costs. During 2018, we experienced increases in several raw materials, principally resin and metal. While the majority of our material cost increases can be passed along to our customers in our selling prices, we experience a lag in the timing of passing on these cost increases. During 2018, we had a further increase in our COS percentage due to a $4.3 million increase in custom tooling sales.  Typically, our tooling sales margins are lower than our product sales margins.  Therefore, the increase in tooling sales during 2018 negatively impacted our COS percentage. 

In 2017, our COS as a percent of net sales increased to 64.9% compared to 64.2% in 2016.  Our COS percentage was negatively impacted by approximately $6.1 million of higher material costs. The main driver was higher resin costs.  We also experienced continued operational inefficiencies in our custom decorative packaging business in Europe. Tooling sales were also approximately $10.1 million higher in 2017 compared to the prior year.  As discussed above, sales of custom tooling typically generates lower margins than product sales, so higher tooling sales negatively impacts COS as a percentage of sales. 

SELLING, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

Our Selling, Research & Development and Administrative expenses (“SG&A”) increased approximately 11% or $42.6 million to $430.0 million in 2018 compared to $387.4 million in 2017.  Excluding changes in foreign currency rates, SG&A increased by approximately $34.7 million compared to the same period a year ago.  The increase is mainly due to $9.6 million of transaction costs and $9.5 million of incremental operational costs related to our CSP Technologies and Reboul acquisitions during 2018. We also recognized increases in professional fees and higher personnel costs in accordance with our growth strategy.  Although SG&A increased in amount, SG&A as a percentage of net sales in 2018 decreased to 15.6% compared to 15.7% in 2017 due to the strong increase in sales.

In 2017, our SG&A increased approximately 6% or $21.1 million to $387.4 million in 2017 compared to $366.3 million in 2016.  Excluding changes in foreign currency rates, SG&A increased by approximately $17.3 million compared to 2016.  The increase is mainly due to increases in professional fees and salary expenses related to specific projects during the third and fourth quarters of 2017 along with other normal inflationary increases.  During 2017, we also recognized $1.3 million of professional fees related to our acquisition of a minority investment in Kali Care, Inc. and $1.5 million of incremental operating costs related to the two additional months of Mega Airless activity.  We also recognized $2.5 million of additional long-term incentive compensation costs related to the performance of our common stock, $1.5 million for the estimated costs to remediate environmental contamination found at our facility in Brazil and $1.3 million of higher research & development costs due to lower research tax credits available in certain jurisdictions during 2017. These increases were partially offset by one-time transaction costs of $5.6 million related to the Mega Airless acquisition in 2016, which did not repeat in 2017. SG&A as a percentage of net sales remained stable at 15.7% when comparing 2017 results to 2016.

DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION

Reported depreciation and amortization expense increased approximately 12% or $18.6 million to $171.7 million in 2018 compared to $153.1 million compared to the same period a year ago.  Excluding changes in foreign currency rates, depreciation and amortization increased by approximately $15.4 million compared to the same period a year ago.  This increase is due to $8.6 million of incremental operational costs related to our CSP Technologies and Reboul acquisitions.  We also realized increased capital spending during the past year to support the growth in our business. Depreciation and amortization as a percentage of net sales remained stable at 6.2% when comparing 2018 results to 2017.

 

 

17/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

In 2017, depreciation and amortization expense decreased approximately 1% or $1.7 million to $153.1 million compared to $154.8 million in 2016.  Excluding changes in foreign currency rates, depreciation and amortization decreased by approximately $4.0 million compared to 2016.  The decrease is due to several large investments becoming fully depreciated during 2017 partially offset by incremental depreciation and amortization costs of $2.6 million related to the two additional months of Mega Airless activity in 2017. As depreciation expenses decreased due to the lapsing of these large investments, depreciation and amortization as a percentage of net sales decreased to 6.2% compared to 6.6% in 2016.

RESTRUCTURING INITIATIVES

In late 2017, Aptar began a business transformation plan to drive profitable sales growth, increase operational excellence, enhance our approach to innovation and improve organizational effectiveness.  The primary focus of the plan is the Beauty + Home segment; however, certain global general and administrative functions are also being addressed.  During the 2018, we recognized approximately $63.8 million of restructuring costs related to this plan with approximately $52.2 million, $3.6 million, $4.2 million and $3.8 million reported within the Beauty + Home segment, Pharma segment, Food + Beverage segment and Corporate & Other, respectively. During 2017, we reported restructuring costs of $2.2 million with approximately $0.5 million of these costs reported within the Beauty + Home segment and $1.7 million reported within the Food + Beverage segment.  Using current exchange rates, we estimate total implementation costs of approximately $90 million over three years. We also anticipate making capital investments related to the transformation plan of approximately $55 million, of which the majority will be in 2019. We expect this business transformation to yield annualized incremental EBITDA of approximately $80 million by the end of 2020, compared with the 2017 levels, principally within the Beauty + Home segment.

OPERATING INCOME

Reported operating income decreased approximately $37.2 million or 12% to $286.3 million in 2018 compared to $323.5 million in 2017. Excluding changes in currency rates, operating income decreased by approximately $44.7 million in 2018 compared to 2017.  Operating income as a percentage of net sales decreased to 10.3% in 2018 compared to 13.1% for the prior year. These decreases are due to $61.6 million of incremental restructuring costs along with $14.2 million and $9.6 million of purchase accounting adjustments and transaction costs related to our CSP Technologies and Reboul acquisitions. Without these costs, operating profitability improved approximately $40.7 million due to the higher sales reported during 2018.

In 2017, operating income increased approximately $9.8 million or 3% to $323.5 million compared to $313.7 million in 2016. Excluding changes in currency rates, operating income increased by approximately $6.4 million in 2017 compared to 2016.  Higher sales along with lower depreciation and amortization expenses more than offset higher SG&A and restructuring costs.  However, reported operating income as a percentage of net sales decreased to 13.1% in 2017 compared to 13.5% for 2016 as incremental sales volumes were not at the same gross margin percentage mainly due to higher cost of sales as discussed above.

NET OTHER EXPENSES

Net other expenses in 2018 decreased to $20.2 million compared to $28.7 million in 2017.  This decrease is primarily due to $8.0 million of lower interest expense and a $1.6 million increase in interest income.  The decrease in interest expense is mainly due to the prepayment of two of our higher interest private placement facilities with cash available from our repatriation of foreign earnings to the U.S. during 2017.  In 2017, we incurred $4.7 million of incremental interest expense to prepay these two facilities. Included in 2018 miscellaneous income is a gain of approximately $6.5 million on our investment in Reciprocal Labs, doing business as Propeller Health, due to observable price changes, while in 2017 we realized a $10.6 million gain on insurance recovery related to a fire in our Annecy, France facility. 

In 2017, net other expenses decreased to $28.7 million compared to $33.2 million in 2016.  This decrease is mainly driven by a $10.6 million gain on insurance recovery related to a fire in our Annecy, France facility and an additional $2.8 million of interest income on U.S. cash balances.  These decreases in net other expenses were offset by $4.7 million of incremental interest expense incurred to prepay two of our private placement facilities during the fourth quarter of 2017. Prior year results also included a $2.0 million gain on the sale of our minority interest in an injectable drug delivery device company in 2016.

EFFECTIVE TAX RATE

The reported effective tax rate on net income for 2018 and 2017 was 26.8% and 25.4%, respectively.  The higher tax rate for 2018 reflects the impact in the U.S. of new tax provisions, most notably the global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) and base erosion anti-abuse tax (“BEAT”) (+2.5%) and the impact of loss operations not tax effected (+1.6%).  The comparable prior year reflects one-time costs associated with the U.S. tax reform transition tax on certain unremitted earnings, which offset the unfavorable items above.

 

 

18/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”). The TCJA made broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code that impacted 2017 and 2018 results including, but not limited to:

(1)

reducing the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective January 1, 2018, which required us to remeasure our deferred tax accounts, and

(2)

requiring a one-time transition tax on certain unremitted foreign earnings.

Shortly after the TCJA was enacted, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the TCJA’s impact. SAB 118 provides a measurement period, which in no case should extend beyond one year from the TCJA enactment date, during which a company acting in good faith may complete the accounting for the impacts of the TCJA under ASC Topic 740. In accordance with SAB 118, we have reflected the income tax effects of the TCJA in the reporting period in which the accounting under ASC Topic 740 is complete.

We were able to make a reasonable estimate of the transition tax and recorded a provisional transition tax obligation of $31.6 million in 2017.  As a result of additional guidance relating to the calculation of the transition tax that was promulgated during 2018, we recorded a $2.6 million benefit in 2018. To reflect the reduction of the U.S. corporate tax rate, we recorded a provisional adjustment to our net deferred tax balances, with a corresponding discrete net tax provisional benefit of $6.8 million in 2017.  We reflected a $2.8 million benefit during 2018 related to the change in U.S. tax rate.  We have elected to account for the tax on GILTI as a period cost and not as a measure of deferred taxes in the current period.

At December 31, 2018, as a result of the GILTI tax provisions and the transition tax noted above, which subjected all of the previously untaxed foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017 to U.S. taxation, we do not have a balance of foreign earnings that will be subject to U.S. taxation.  We continually analyze our global working capital requirements and the potential tax liabilities that would be incurred if the non-U.S. subsidiaries made a distribution of their cash or distributable reserves. These liabilities would include local country withholding and income tax and potential U.S. state taxation. We have recorded a $2.2 million liability for distributions expected to be made to Europe early in 2019.  As of December 31, 2018, all other cash or distributable reserve amounts will continue to be reinvested indefinitely and would become subject to these additional taxes if they were remitted as dividends. We estimate the additional tax that would be payable on these earnings to be in the range of $20 million to $30 million.

The reported effective tax rate on net income for 2017 and 2016 was 25.4% and 26.7%, respectively.  The lower tax rate for 2017 reflects a benefit from the new accounting standard for employee share-based payments, which we adopted in 2017 (-3.5%).  The 2017 rate also includes items attributable to the U.S. tax legislation as described above.  The tax rate impact from the legislation includes a provisional tax charge related to the tax on unremitted earnings (+10.7%) which is partially offset by a provisional deferred tax benefit related to the enacted lower U.S. corporate tax rate (-2.3%).  The 2017 tax rate also includes a benefit from the resolution of a forward contract transaction (-8.1%).  The comparable prior year reflects higher tax benefits from European investment incentives (+1.4%).

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO APTARGROUP, INC.

We reported net income of $194.7 million compared to $220.0 million reported in 2017 and $205.6 million reported in 2016.

BEAUTY + HOME SEGMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

% Change

    

% Change

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

2018 vs. 2017

 

2017 vs. 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Sales

 

$

1,426,382

 

 

$

1,313,786

 

 

$

1,261,086

 

8.6

%  

4.2

%

Adjusted EBITDA  (1)

 

 

185,926

 

 

 

173,227

 

 

 

186,993

 

7.3

 

(7.4)

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin  (1)

 

 

13.0

%  

 

 

13.2

%  

 

 

14.8

%  

 

 

 

 


(1)

Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as earnings before net interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, unallocated corporate expenses, restructuring, acquisition-related costs, and other special items.  Adjusted EBITDA margins are calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Reported Net Sales.  See the reconciliation of non-U.S. GAAP measures starting on page 23.

 

 

 

19/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

Reported net sales increased approximately 9% in 2018 to $1.43 billion compared to $1.31 billion in 2017. Our Reboul acquisition positively impacted net sales by 1% while changes in currency rates positively impacted net sales by 1%.  Therefore, core sales increased 7% in 2018 compared to the prior year. While the majority of this increase was due to higher products sales, we also benefitted from $9.9 million of additional revenue due to resin pass-throughs to our customers and $9.4 million of incremental tooling sales, especially within our personal care market. Core sales were higher across all three markets as personal care, beauty and home care increased by 8%, 7% and 3%, respectively.  Strong sales of our products used on baby care and body care applications along with higher tooling sales were responsible for the increase in personal care sales during 2018 compared to 2017. Beauty sales benefitted from increased sales of our products used on color cosmetic and facial skin care applications while home care realized an increase in sales of our products used on household cleaner and automotive applications during 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2018

 

Personal

 

 

 

Home

 

 

 

Net Sales Change over Prior Year

    

Care

    

Beauty

    

Care

    

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Sales Growth

 

 8

%

 7

%

 3

%

 7

%

Acquisitions

 

 —

%

 1

%

 —

%

 1

%

Currency Effects (1)

 

 —

%

 2

%

 1

%

 1

%

Total Reported Net Sales Growth

 

 8

%

10

%

 4

%

 9

%


(1)

Currency effects are calculated by translating last year’s amounts at this year’s foreign exchange rates.

In 2017, reported net sales increased approximately 4% to $1.31 billion compared to $1.26 billion in 2016. The Mega Airless acquisition positively impacted net sales by 1% in 2017 while changes in currency rates positively impacted net sales by 1%.  Therefore, core sales increased 2% in 2017 compared to 2016. The majority of this increase is due to higher product sales.  Tooling sales and the pass-through of higher resin prices to our customers also positively impacted sales by $4.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively. Core sales to the personal care and beauty markets each increased 2% while core sales to the home care market declined slightly during 2017 compared to 2016.  The beauty market increased as strong sales of our products used on facial skin care applications and higher sampling and promotion sales more than offset lower sales of our products sold to our prestige fragrance market.  The personal care markets also showed improvement over the prior year due to strong sales of our products used on body care and hair care applications. Sales of our products to the home care market decreased 1% as new product sales used on automotive applications were not able to completely offset lower sales of our products used on insecticide applications, predominately in North America and Latin America related to the unusually high demand for these products in 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2017

 

Personal

 

 

 

Home

 

 

 

Net Sales Change over Prior Year

    

Care

    

Beauty

    

Care

    

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Sales Growth

 

 2

%

 2

%

(1)

%

 2

%

Acquisitions

 

 1

%

 1

%

 —

%

 1

%

Currency Effects (1)

 

 1

%

 2

%

 2

%

 1

%

Total Reported Net Sales Growth

 

 4

%

 5

%

 1

%

 4

%


(1)

Currency effects are calculated by translating last year’s amounts at this year’s foreign exchange rates.

Adjusted EBITDA for 2018 increased to $185.9 million from $173.2 million reported in 2017. Our increase in sales along with operational improvements more than compensated for the increased resin and metal costs of approximately $10.4 million.

For 2017, Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $173.2 million from $187.0 million reported in 2016. Gains on sales volume increases were offset by higher material costs and operational inefficiencies, mainly in our custom decorative packaging business in Europe. As discussed above, we have initiated a business transformation plan to address these challenges. During 2017, we also recognized a charge of $1.5 million for the estimated costs to remediate environmental contamination at our anodizing facility in Brazil.

 

 

20/ATR

2018 Form 10-K

 


 

PHARMA SEGMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

    

% Change

    

% Change

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

2016

 

2018 vs. 2017

 

2017 vs. 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Sales

 

$

954,652

 

 

$

805,880

 

 

$

741,473

 

18.5

%  

8.7

%

Adjusted EBITDA  (1)

 

 

343,706

 

 

 

275,933

 

 

 

259,241

 

24.6

 

6.4

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin  (1)

 

 

36.0

%  

 

 

34.2

%  

 

 

35.0

%  

 

 

 

 


(1)

Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as earnings before net interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, unallocated corporate expenses, restructuring, acquisition-related costs and other special items.  Adjusted EBITDA margins are calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Reported Net Sales.  See the reconciliation of non-U.S. GAAP measures starting on page 23.

 

Reported net sales increased approximately 18% in 2018 to $954.7 million compared to $805.9 million in 2017. Changes in currency positively affected net sales by 2% while the acquisition of CSP Technologies positively impacted sales by 4% in 2018.  Therefore, core sales increased 12% in 2018 compared to the prior year. Sales increased in all three of our pre-existing markets during 2018.  The prescription drug market reported a core sales increase of 11% on strong sales of our products sold for central nervous system and allergic rhinitis treatments. Core sales to the consumer health care market increased 16% as strong demand for our products used on eye care, nasal decongestant and nasal saline applications offset $5.1 million of lower tooling sales. Core sales of our products to the injectables markets increased 6% due to strong sales of our injectable components used on vaccine products. In total, price increases of $7.4 million offset $5.4 million of lower tooling sales for 2018 compared to 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2018

 

Prescription

 

Consumer

 

 

 

Active

 

 

 

Net Sales Change over Prior Year

    

Drug

    

Health Care

    

Injectables

    

Packaging

    

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Sales Growth

 

11

%

16

%

 6

%

 —

%

12

%

Acquisitions

 

 —

%

 —

%

 —

%

100

%

 4

%

Currency Effects (1)

 

 3

%

 1

%

 4

%

 —

%

 2

%