FWP 1 dp103790_fwp-ps1742.htm FORM FWP

March 2019

Preliminary Terms No. 1,742

Registration Statement Nos. 333-221595; 333-221595-01

Dated March 15, 2019

Filed pursuant to Rule 433

 

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Structured Investments

Opportunities in U.S. Equities

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Fully and Unconditionally Guaranteed by Morgan Stanley

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

The Trigger PLUS are unsecured obligations of Morgan Stanley Finance LLC (“MSFL”) and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Morgan Stanley. The Trigger PLUS will pay no interest, do not guarantee any return of principal at maturity and have the terms described in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS, index supplement and prospectus, as supplemented or modified by this document. At maturity, if the basket has appreciated in value, investors will receive the stated principal amount of their investment plus leveraged upside performance of the basket, subject to the maximum payment at maturity. If the basket has remained unchanged or depreciated in value but the final basket value is greater than or equal to the trigger level, investors will receive the stated principal amount of their investment. However, if the basket has depreciated in value so that the final basket value is less than the trigger level, investors will lose a significant portion or all of their investment, resulting in a 1% loss for every 1% decline in the basket value over the term of the Trigger PLUS. Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than 60% of the principal amount and could be zero. Accordingly, you may lose your entire investment. These long-dated Trigger PLUS are for investors who seek an equity-based return and who are willing to risk their principal and forgo current income and upside above the maximum payment at maturity in exchange for the upside leverage feature that applies for a limited range of upside performance of the basket and the limited protection against loss that applies only if the final basket value is greater than or equal to the trigger level. Investors may lose their entire initial investment in the Trigger PLUS. The Trigger PLUS are notes issued as part of MSFL’s Series A Global Medium-Term Notes program.

 

All payments are subject to our credit risk. If we default on our obligations, you could lose some or all of your investment. These Trigger PLUS are not secured obligations and you will not have any security interest in, or otherwise have any access to, any underlying reference asset or assets.

 

SUMMARY TERMS  
Issuer: Morgan Stanley Finance LLC
Guarantor: Morgan Stanley
Maturity date: March 21, 2024
Original issue price: $1,000 per Trigger PLUS
Stated principal amount: $1,000 per Trigger PLUS
Pricing date: March 18, 2019
Original issue date: March 21, 2019 (3 business days after the pricing date)
Aggregate principal amount: $
Interest: None
Basket:
Basket component
Bloomberg
ticker symbol
Basket component weighting Initial basket component value
Multiplier
  Russell 2000® Index (the “RTY Index”) RTY 50%    
  S&P 500® Index (the “SPX Index”) SPX 50%    
  We refer to each of the RTY Index and the SPX Index as an underlying index and, together, as the underlying indices.
Payment at maturity
(per Trigger PLUS):

·  If the final basket value is greater than the initial basket value: $1,000 + the leveraged upside payment

 

In no event will the payment at maturity exceed the maximum payment at maturity.

  ·  If the final basket value is less than or equal to the initial basket value but is greater than or equal to the trigger level: $1,000
 

·  If the final basket value is less than the trigger level: $1,000 × the basket performance factor

 

Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount of $1,000 and will represent a loss of more than 40%, and possibly all, of your investment.

Leveraged upside payment: $1,000 × leverage factor × basket percent increase
Leverage factor: 150%
Basket percent increase: (final basket value – initial basket value) / initial basket value
Basket performance factor: final basket value / initial basket value
Maximum payment at maturity: $1,926 per Trigger PLUS (192.60% of the stated principal amount)
Trigger level: 60, which is 60% of the initial basket value
Initial basket value: 100, which will be equal to the sum of the products of the initial basket component value of each basket component, as set forth under “Basket—Initial basket component value” above, and the applicable multiplier for such basket component, each of which will be determined on the pricing date.
Final basket value: The basket closing value on the valuation date.
Valuation date: March 18, 2024, subject to postponement for non-index business days and certain market disruption events.
Basket closing value: The basket closing value on any day is the sum of the products of the basket component closing value of each basket component and the applicable multiplier for such basket component on such date.
Basket component closing value: In the case of each underlying index, the index closing value as published by the index publisher.  
Multiplier: The multiplier will be set on the pricing date based on each basket component’s respective initial basket component value so that each basket component will represent its applicable basket component weighting in the predetermined initial basket value.  Each multiplier will remain constant for the term of the Trigger PLUS.  See “Basket—Multiplier” above.
Listing: The Trigger PLUS will not be listed on any securities exchange.
CUSIP / ISIN: 61768D3K9 / US61768D3K97
Agent: Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC (“MS & Co.”), an affiliate of MSFL and a wholly owned subsidiary of Morgan Stanley.  See “Supplemental information concerning plan of distribution; conflicts of interest.”
Estimated value on the pricing date: Approximately $987.30 per Trigger PLUS, or within $20.00 of that estimate.  See “Investment Summary” beginning on page 2.
Commissions and issue price:   Price to public Agent’s commissions(1) Proceeds to us(2)
Per Trigger PLUS   $1,000 $ $
Total   $ $ $
                   
(1)Selected dealers and their financial advisors will collectively receive from the agent, MS & Co., a fixed sales commission of $ for each Trigger PLUS they sell. See “Supplemental information regarding plan of distribution; conflicts of interest.” For additional information, see “Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS.

 

(2)See “Use of proceeds and hedging” on page 15.

 

The Trigger PLUS involve risks not associated with an investment in ordinary debt securities. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 5.

 

The Securities and Exchange Commission and state securities regulators have not approved or disapproved these securities, or determined if this document or the accompanying product supplement, index supplement and prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The Trigger PLUS are not deposits or savings accounts and are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency or instrumentality, nor are they obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank.

 

You should read this document together with the related product supplement, index supplement and prospectus, each of which can be accessed via the hyperlinks below. Please also see “Additional Terms of the Trigger PLUS” and “Additional Information about the Trigger PLUS” at the end of this document.

 

References to “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Morgan Stanley or MSFL, or Morgan Stanley and MSFL collectively, as the context requires.

 

Product Supplement for PLUS dated November 16, 2017    Index Supplement dated November 16, 2017    Prospectus dated November 16, 2017

 

 

 

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Investment Summary

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside Securities

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

The Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024 (the “Trigger PLUS”) can be used:

 

§As an alternative to direct exposure to the basket that enhances returns for a certain range of positive performance of the basket, subject to the maximum payment at maturity

 

§To enhance returns and potentially outperform the basket in a moderately bullish scenario

 

§To provide limited protection against a loss of principal in the event of a decline in the value of the basket as of the valuation date, but only if the final basket value is greater than or equal to the trigger level

 

Maturity: 5 years
Leverage factor: 150%
Maximum payment at maturity: $1,926 per Trigger PLUS (192.60% of the stated principal amount)
Trigger level: 60% of the initial basket value
Minimum payment at maturity: None.  Investors may lose their entire initial investment in the Trigger PLUS.
Basket component weightings: 50% for the RTY Index and 50% for the SPX Index
Interest: None

 

The original issue price of each Trigger PLUS is $1,000. This price includes costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS, which are borne by you, and, consequently, the estimated value of the Trigger PLUS on the pricing date will be less than $1,000. We estimate that the value of each Trigger PLUS on the pricing date will be approximately $987.30, or within $20.00 of that estimate. Our estimate of the value of the Trigger PLUS as determined on the pricing date will be set forth in the final pricing supplement.

 

What goes into the estimated value on the pricing date?

 

In valuing the Trigger PLUS on the pricing date, we take into account that the Trigger PLUS comprise both a debt component and a performance-based component linked to the basket components. The estimated value of the Trigger PLUS is determined using our own pricing and valuation models, market inputs and assumptions relating to the basket components, instruments based on the basket components, volatility and other factors including current and expected interest rates, as well as an interest rate related to our secondary market credit spread, which is the implied interest rate at which our conventional fixed rate debt trades in the secondary market.

 

What determines the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS?

 

In determining the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS, including the leverage factor, the trigger level and the maximum payment at maturity, we use an internal funding rate, which is likely to be lower than our secondary market credit spreads and therefore advantageous to us. If the issuing, selling, structuring and hedging costs borne by you were lower or if the internal funding rate were higher, one or more of the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS would be more favorable to you.

 

What is the relationship between the estimated value on the pricing date and the secondary market price of the Trigger PLUS?

 

The price at which MS & Co. purchases the Trigger PLUS in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the basket components, may vary from, and be lower than, the estimated value on the pricing date, because the secondary market price takes into account our secondary market credit spread as well as the bid-offer spread that MS & Co. would charge in a secondary market transaction of this type and other factors. However, because the costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS are not fully deducted upon issuance, for a period of up to 6 months following the issue date, to the extent that MS & Co. may buy or sell the Trigger PLUS in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the basket components, and to our secondary market credit spreads, it would do so based on values higher than the estimated value. We expect that those higher values will also be reflected in your brokerage account statements.

 

MS & Co. may, but is not obligated to, make a market in the Trigger PLUS and, if it once chooses to make a market, may cease doing so at any time.

 

March 2019Page 2

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Key Investment Rationale

 

The Trigger PLUS offer leveraged exposure to a certain range of positive performance of the basket, subject to the maximum payment at maturity. In exchange for the leverage feature, investors are exposed to the risk of loss of a significant portion or all of their investment due to the trigger feature. At maturity, an investor will receive an amount in cash based upon the value of the basket on the valuation date, subject to the maximum payment at maturity. The Trigger PLUS are unsecured obligations of ours, and all payments on the Trigger PLUS are subject to our credit risk. Investors may lose their entire initial investment in the Trigger PLUS.

 

Leveraged Performance The Trigger PLUS offer investors an opportunity to capture enhanced returns for a certain range of positive performance relative to a direct investment in the basket.
Trigger Feature At maturity, even if the basket has declined in value over the term of the Trigger PLUS, you will receive your stated principal amount, but only if the final basket value is greater than or equal to the trigger level.
Upside Scenario

The basket increases in value, and, at maturity, the Trigger PLUS redeem for the stated principal amount of $1,000 plus 150% of the basket percent increase, subject to the maximum payment at maturity of $1,926 per Trigger PLUS (192.60% of the stated principal amount).

 

For example, if the final basket value is 10% greater than the initial basket value, the Trigger PLUS will provide a total return of 15% at maturity.

 

Par Scenario The final basket value is less than or equal to the initial basket value but is greater than or equal to the trigger level.  In this case, you receive the stated principal amount of $1,000 at maturity even though the basket has declined in value.
Downside Scenario The final basket value is less than the trigger level.  In this case, the Trigger PLUS redeem for at least 40% less than the stated principal amount, and this decrease will be by an amount proportionate to the decline in the value of the basket over the term of the Trigger PLUS. Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than 60% of the stated principal amount and could be zero.  There is no minimum payment at maturity on the Trigger PLUS, and you could lose your entire investment.

 

March 2019Page 3

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

How the Trigger PLUS Work

 

Payoff Diagram

 

The payoff diagram below illustrates the payment at maturity on the Trigger PLUS based on the following terms:

 

Stated principal amount: $1,000 per Trigger PLUS
Leverage factor: 150%
Maximum payment at maturity: $1,926 per Trigger PLUS (192.60% of the stated principal amount)
Trigger level: 60% of the initial basket value

 

Trigger PLUS Payoff Diagram

 

How it works

 

§Upside Scenario. If the final basket value is greater than the initial basket value, investors will receive the $1,000 stated principal amount plus 150% of the appreciation of the basket over the term of the Trigger PLUS, subject to the maximum payment at maturity. Under the terms of the Trigger PLUS, an investor will realize the maximum payment at maturity of $1,926 per Trigger PLUS (192.60% of the stated principal amount) at a final basket value of approximately 161.733% of the initial basket value.

 

§If the basket appreciates 10%, investors would receive a 15% return, or $1,150 per Trigger PLUS.

 

§If the basket appreciates 100%, the investor would receive only the maximum payment at maturity of $1,926 per Trigger PLUS, or 192.60% of the stated principal amount.

 

§Par Scenario. If the final basket value is less than or equal to the initial basket value but is greater than or equal to the trigger level, investors will receive the $1,000 stated principal amount.

 

§If the basket depreciates 5%, investors will receive the $1,000 stated principal amount.

 

§Downside Scenario. If the final basket value is less than the trigger level, investors will receive an amount that is significantly less than the $1,000 stated principal amount, based on a 1% loss of principal for each 1% decline in the basket value.

 

§If the basket depreciates 60%, investors will lose 60% of their principal and receive only $400 per Trigger PLUS at maturity, or 40% of the stated principal amount.

 

March 2019Page 4

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Risk Factors

 

The following is a non-exhaustive list of certain key risk factors for investors in the Trigger PLUS. For further discussion of these and other risks, you should read the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS, index supplement and prospectus. You should also consult with your investment, legal, tax, accounting and other advisers in connection with your investment in the Trigger PLUS.

 

§The Trigger PLUS do not pay interest or guarantee return of any principal. The terms of the Trigger PLUS differ from those of ordinary debt securities in that the Trigger PLUS do not pay interest or guarantee the payment of any of the principal amount at maturity. If the final basket value is less than the trigger level (which is 60% of the initial basket value), the payment at maturity will be an amount in cash that is at least 40% less than the $1,000 stated principal amount of each Trigger PLUS, and this decrease will be by an amount proportionate to the full amount of the decline in the value of the basket over the term of the Trigger PLUS, without any buffer. There is no minimum payment at maturity on the Trigger PLUS, and you could lose your entire investment.

 

§The appreciation potential of the Trigger PLUS is limited by the maximum payment at maturity. The appreciation potential of the Trigger PLUS is limited by the maximum payment at maturity of $1,926 per Trigger PLUS, or 192.60% of the stated principal amount. Although the leverage factor provides 150% exposure to any increase in the final basket value over the initial basket value, because the payment at maturity will be limited to 192.60% of the stated principal amount for the Trigger PLUS, any increase in the final basket value over the initial basket value by more than approximately 61.733% of the initial basket value will not further increase the return on the Trigger PLUS.

 

§The market price will be influenced by many unpredictable factors. Several factors, many of which are beyond our control, will influence the value of the Trigger PLUS in the secondary market and the price at which MS & Co. may be willing to purchase or sell the Trigger PLUS in the secondary market, including: the value, volatility (frequency and magnitude of changes in value) and dividend yield of the basket components, interest and yield rates, time remaining to maturity, geopolitical conditions and economic, financial, political and regulatory or judicial events that affect the basket components or equities markets generally and which may affect the final basket value, and any actual or anticipated changes to our credit ratings or credit spreads. Generally, the longer the time remaining to maturity, the more the market price of the Trigger PLUS will be affected by the other factors described above. The values of the basket components may be, and have recently been, volatile, and we can give you no assurance that the volatility will lessen. See “Basket Overview” below. You may receive less, and possibly significantly less, than the stated principal amount per Trigger PLUS if you try to sell your Trigger PLUS prior to maturity.

 

§The Trigger PLUS are subject to our credit risk, and any actual or anticipated changes to our credit ratings or credit spreads may adversely affect the market value of the Trigger PLUS. You are dependent on our ability to pay all amounts due on the Trigger PLUS at maturity and therefore you are subject to our credit risk. The Trigger PLUS are not guaranteed by any other entity. If we default on our obligations under the Trigger PLUS, your investment would be at risk and you could lose some or all of your investment. As a result, the market value of the Trigger PLUS prior to maturity will be affected by changes in the market’s view of our creditworthiness. Any actual or anticipated decline in our credit ratings or increase in the credit spreads charged by the market for taking our credit risk is likely to adversely affect the market value of the Trigger PLUS.

 

§As a finance subsidiary, MSFL has no independent operations and will have no independent assets. As a finance subsidiary, MSFL has no independent operations beyond the issuance and administration of its securities and will have no independent assets available for distributions to holders of MSFL securities if they make claims in respect of such securities in a bankruptcy, resolution or similar proceeding. Accordingly, any recoveries by such holders will be limited to those available under the related guarantee by Morgan Stanley and that guarantee will rank pari passu with all other unsecured, unsubordinated obligations of Morgan Stanley. Holders will have recourse only to a single claim against Morgan Stanley and its assets under the guarantee. Holders of securities issued by MSFL should accordingly assume that in any such proceedings they would not have any priority over and should be treated pari passu with the claims of other unsecured, unsubordinated creditors of Morgan Stanley, including holders of Morgan Stanley-issued securities.

 

§The amount payable on the Trigger PLUS is not linked to the value of the basket at any time other than the valuation date. The final basket value will be based on the basket closing value on the valuation date, subject to postponement for non-index business days and certain market disruption events. Even if the value of the basket appreciates prior to the valuation date but then drops by the valuation date, the payment at maturity may be less, and may be significantly less, than it would have been had the payment at maturity been linked to the value of the basket prior to such drop. Although the actual value of the basket on the stated maturity date or at other times during the term of the Trigger PLUS may be higher than the basket closing value on the valuation date, the payment at maturity will be based solely on the basket closing value on the valuation date.

 

March 2019Page 5

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

§Changes in the value of the basket components may offset each other. Value movements in the basket components may not correlate with each other. At a time when one basket component increases in value, the value of the other basket component may not increase as much, or may even decline. Therefore, in calculating the basket components’ performance on the valuation date, an increase in the value of one basket component may be moderated, or wholly offset, by a lesser increase or a decline in the value of the other basket component.

 

§The Trigger PLUS are linked to the Russell 2000® Index and are subject to risks associated with small-capitalization companies. The Russell 2000® Index consists of stocks issued by companies with relatively small market capitalization. These companies often have greater stock price volatility, lower trading volume and less liquidity than large-capitalization companies and therefore the Russell 2000® Index may be more volatile than indices that consist of stocks issued by large-capitalization companies. Stock prices of small-capitalization companies are also more vulnerable than those of large-capitalization companies to adverse business and economic developments, and the stocks of small-capitalization companies may be thinly traded. In addition, small capitalization companies are typically less well-established and less stable financially than large-capitalization companies and may depend on a small number of key personnel, making them more vulnerable to loss of personnel. Such companies tend to have smaller revenues, less diverse product lines, smaller shares of their product or service markets, fewer financial resources and less competitive strengths than large-capitalization companies and are more susceptible to adverse developments related to their products.

 

§Investing in the Trigger PLUS is not equivalent to investing in the basket components. Investing in the Trigger PLUS is not equivalent to investing directly in the basket components or any of the component stocks of the basket components. As an investor in the Trigger PLUS, you will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to the basket components or any of the component stocks of the basket components.

 

§Adjustments to the underlying indices could adversely affect the value of the Trigger PLUS. The publisher of each underlying index can add, delete or substitute the stocks constituting such index, and can make other methodological changes that could change the value of such underlying index. In addition, an index publisher may discontinue or suspend calculation or publication of the relevant underlying index at any time. In these circumstances, MS & Co., as the calculation agent, will have the sole discretion to substitute a successor index for such index that is comparable to the discontinued index and is not precluded from considering indices that are calculated and published by the calculation agent or any of its affiliates. If MS & Co. determines that there is no appropriate successor index for such index, the payment at maturity on the Trigger PLUS will be an amount based on the closing prices on the valuation date of the securities constituting such underlying index at the time of such discontinuance, without rebalancing or substitution, computed by the calculation agent in accordance with the formula for calculating such underlying index last in effect prior to discontinuance of such index.

 

§The rate we are willing to pay for securities of this type, maturity and issuance size is likely to be lower than the rate implied by our secondary market credit spreads and advantageous to us. Both the lower rate and the inclusion of costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS in the original issue price reduce the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS, cause the estimated value of the Trigger PLUS to be less than the original issue price and will adversely affect secondary market prices. Assuming no change in market conditions or any other relevant factors, the prices, if any, at which dealers, including MS & Co., may be willing to purchase the Trigger PLUS in secondary market transactions will likely be significantly lower than the original issue price, because secondary market prices will exclude the issuing, selling, structuring and hedging-related costs that are included in the original issue price and borne by you and because the secondary market prices will reflect our secondary market credit spreads and the bid-offer spread that any dealer would charge in a secondary market transaction of this type as well as other factors.

 

The inclusion of the costs of issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS in the original issue price and the lower rate we are willing to pay as issuer make the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS less favorable to you than they otherwise would be.

 

However, because the costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS are not fully deducted upon issuance, for a period of up to 6 months following the issue date, to the extent that MS & Co. may buy or sell the Trigger PLUS in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the basket, and to our secondary market credit spreads, it would do so based on values higher than the estimated value, and we expect that those higher values will also be reflected in your brokerage account statements.

 

§The estimated value of the Trigger PLUS is determined by reference to our pricing and valuation models, which may differ from those of other dealers and is not a maximum or minimum secondary market price. These pricing and valuation models are proprietary and rely in part on subjective views of certain market inputs and certain assumptions about future events, which may prove to be incorrect. As a result, because there is no market-standard way to value these types of securities, our models may yield a higher estimated value of the Trigger PLUS than those generated by

 

March 2019Page 6

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

others, including other dealers in the market, if they attempted to value the Trigger PLUS. In addition, the estimated value on the pricing date does not represent a minimum or maximum price at which dealers, including MS & Co., would be willing to purchase your Trigger PLUS in the secondary market (if any exists) at any time. The value of your Trigger PLUS at any time after the date of this document will vary based on many factors that cannot be predicted with accuracy, including our creditworthiness and changes in market conditions. See also “The market price will be influenced by many unpredictable factors” above.

 

§The Trigger PLUS will not be listed on any securities exchange and secondary trading may be limited. The Trigger PLUS will not be listed on any securities exchange. Therefore, there may be little or no secondary market for the Trigger PLUS. MS & Co. may, but is not obligated to, make a market in the Trigger PLUS and, if it once chooses to make a market, may cease doing so at any time. When it does make a market, it will generally do so for transactions of routine secondary market size at prices based on its estimate of the current value of the Trigger PLUS, taking into account its bid/offer spread, our credit spreads, market volatility, the notional size of the proposed sale, the cost of unwinding any related hedging positions, the time remaining to maturity and the likelihood that it will be able to resell the Trigger PLUS. Even if there is a secondary market, it may not provide enough liquidity to allow you to trade or sell the Trigger PLUS easily. Since other broker-dealers may not participate significantly in the secondary market for the Trigger PLUS, the price at which you may be able to trade your Trigger PLUS is likely to depend on the price, if any, at which MS & Co. is willing to transact. If, at any time, MS & Co. were to cease making a market in the Trigger PLUS, it is likely that there would be no secondary market for the Trigger PLUS. Accordingly, you should be willing to hold your Trigger PLUS to maturity.

 

§The calculation agent, which is a subsidiary of Morgan Stanley and an affiliate of MSFL, will make determinations with respect to the Trigger PLUS. As calculation agent, MS & Co. will determine the initial basket component values, the multipliers and the final basket value, including whether the basket has decreased in value to below the trigger level, and will calculate the basket percent increase or the basket performance factor, as applicable, and the amount of cash, if any, you will receive at maturity. Moreover, certain determinations made by MS & Co., in its capacity as calculation agent, may require it to exercise discretion and make subjective judgments, such as with respect to the occurrence or non-occurrence of market disruption events and the selection of a successor index or calculation of the basket component closing value in the event of a discontinuance of the relevant basket component. These potentially subjective determinations may adversely affect the payout to you at maturity, if any. For further information regarding these types of determinations, see “Description of PLUS—General Terms of PLUS” —Postponement of Valuation Date(s),” —Alternate Exchange Calculation in case of an Event of Default,” —Discontinuance of Any Underlying Index or Basket Index; Alteration of Method of Calculation” and “—Calculation Agent and Calculations” in the accompanying product supplement. In addition, MS & Co. has determined the estimated value of the Trigger PLUS on the pricing date.

 

§Hedging and trading activity by our affiliates could potentially adversely affect the value of the Trigger PLUS. One or more of our affiliates and/or third-party dealers expect to carry out hedging activities related to the Trigger PLUS (and to other instruments linked to the underlying indices or component stocks of the underlying indices), including trading in the stocks that constitute the underlying indices as well as in other instruments related to the basket components. As a result, these entities may be unwinding or adjusting hedge positions during the term of the Trigger PLUS, and the hedging strategy may involve greater and more frequent adjustments to the hedge as the valuation date approaches. Some of our affiliates also trade the stocks that constitute the underlying indices and other financial instruments related to the underlying indices on a regular basis as part of their general broker-dealer and other businesses. Any of these hedging or trading activities on or prior to the pricing date could potentially increase the initial basket component values, and, therefore, could increase the values at or above which the basket components must close on the valuation date so that investors do not suffer a significant loss on their initial investment in the Trigger PLUS. Additionally, such hedging or trading activities during the term of the Trigger PLUS, including on the valuation date, could potentially affect whether the basket closing value on the valuation date is below the trigger level, and, therefore, whether an investor would receive significantly less than the stated principal amount of the Trigger PLUS at maturity.

 

§The U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS are uncertain. Please read the discussion under “Additional Information—Tax considerations” in this document and the discussion under “United States Federal Taxation” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS (together, the “Tax Disclosure Sections”) concerning the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS. If the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) were successful in asserting an alternative treatment, the timing and character of income on the Trigger PLUS might differ significantly from the tax treatment described in the Tax Disclosure Sections. For example, under one possible treatment, the IRS could seek to recharacterize the Trigger PLUS as debt instruments. In that event, U.S. Holders would be required to accrue into income original issue discount on the Trigger PLUS every year at a “comparable yield” determined at the time of issuance and recognize all income and gain in respect of the Trigger PLUS as ordinary income. Additionally, as discussed under “United States Federal Taxation—FATCA” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS, the withholding rules commonly referred to as “FATCA” would apply to the Trigger PLUS if they were recharacterized as debt instruments. However, recently proposed regulations (the preamble to which specifies that taxpayers are permitted to rely on them pending finalization) eliminate the withholding requirement on payments of

 

March 2019Page 7

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

gross proceeds of a taxable disposition. The risk that financial instruments providing for buffers, triggers or similar downside protection features, such as the Trigger PLUS, would be recharacterized as debt is greater than the risk of recharacterization for comparable financial instruments that do not have such features. We do not plan to request a ruling from the IRS regarding the tax treatment of the Trigger PLUS, and the IRS or a court may not agree with the tax treatment described in the Tax Disclosure Sections.

 

In 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS released a notice requesting comments on the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar instruments. The notice focuses in particular on whether to require holders of these instruments to accrue income over the term of their investment. It also asks for comments on a number of related topics, including the character of income or loss with respect to these instruments; whether short-term instruments should be subject to any such accrual regime; the relevance of factors such as the exchange-traded status of the instruments and the nature of the underlying property to which the instruments are linked; the degree, if any, to which income (including any mandated accruals) realized by non-U.S. investors should be subject to withholding tax; and whether these instruments are or should be subject to the “constructive ownership” rule, which very generally can operate to recharacterize certain long-term capital gain as ordinary income and impose an interest charge. While the notice requests comments on appropriate transition rules and effective dates, any Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS, possibly with retroactive effect. Both U.S. and Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS, including possible alternative treatments, the issues presented by this notice and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

March 2019Page 8

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Basket Overview

 

The basket consists of the Russell 2000® Index (the “RTY Index”) and the S&P 500® Index (the “SPX Index”) and offers exposure to price movements in U.S. equity markets.

 

Russell 2000® Index

 

The Russell 2000® Index is an index calculated, published and disseminated by FTSE Russell, and measures the composite price performance of stocks of 2,000 companies (the “Russell 2000 Component Stocks”) incorporated in the U.S. and its territories. All 2,000 stocks are traded on a major U.S. exchange and are the 2,000 smallest securities that form the Russell 3000® Index. The Russell 3000® Index is composed of the 3,000 largest U.S. companies as determined by market capitalization and represents approximately 98% of the U.S. equity market. The Russell 2000® Index consists of the smallest 2,000 companies included in the Russell 3000® Index and represents a small portion of the total market capitalization of the Russell 3000® Index. The Russell 2000® Index is designed to track the performance of the small capitalization segment of the U.S. equity market. For additional information about the Russell 2000® Index, see the information set forth under “Russell 2000® Index” in the accompanying index supplement.

 

The “Russell 2000® Index” is a trademark of FTSE Russell. For more information, see “Russell 2000® Index” in the accompanying index supplement.

 

S&P 500® Index

 

The S&P 500® Index, which is calculated, maintained and published by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (“S&P”), consists of stocks of 500 component companies selected to provide a performance benchmark for the U.S. equity markets. The calculation of the S&P 500® Index is based on the relative value of the float adjusted aggregate market capitalization of the 500 component companies as of a particular time as compared to the aggregate average market capitalization of 500 similar companies during the base period of the years 1941 through 1943. For additional information about the S&P 500® Index, see the information set forth under “S&P 500® Index” in the accompanying index supplement.

 

Standard & Poor’s®,” “S&P®,” “S&P 500®,” “Standard & Poor’s 500” and “500” are trademarks of Standard and Poor’s Financial Services LLC. See “S&P 500® Index” in the accompanying index supplement.

 

March 2019Page 9

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Information as of market close on March 14, 2019:

 

Basket Component Information as of March 14, 2019
Basket Component Bloomberg Ticker Symbol Current Basket Component Level 52 Weeks Ago 52 Week High 52 Week Low
RTY Index RTY 1,549.635 1,584.311 (on 8/31/2018): 1,740.753 (on 12/24/2018): 1,266.925
SPX Index SPX 2,808.48 2,749.48 (on 9/20/2018): 2,930.75 (on 12/24/2018): 2,351.10

 

The following graph is calculated as if the basket had an initial value of 100 on January 1, 2014 (assuming that each basket component is weighted as described in “Basket” on the cover page) and illustrates the effect of the offset and/or correlation among the basket components during such period. The graph does not take into account the leverage factor or the trigger level, nor does it attempt to show your expected return on an investment in the Trigger PLUS. The historical performance of the basket should not be taken as an indication of its future performance.

 

Basket Historical Performance

January 1, 2014 to March 14, 2019

 

The following graphs set forth the daily closing values of each of the basket components for the period from January 1, 2014 through March 14, 2019. The related tables set forth the published high and low closing values as well as end-of-quarter closing values for each of the basket components for each quarter in the same period. The closing values for each of the basket components on March 14, 2019 were: (i) in the case of the RTY Index, 1,549.635, and (ii) in the case of the SPX Index, 2,808.48. We obtained the information in the tables and graphs below from Bloomberg Financial Markets, without independent verification. The historical values of the basket components should not be taken as an indication of their future performance, and no assurance can be given as to the basket closing value on the valuation date.

 

March 2019Page 10

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Russell 2000® Index
January 1, 2014 to March 14, 2019

 

Russell 2000® Index High Low Period End
2014      
First Quarter 1,208.651 1,093.594 1,173.038
Second Quarter 1,192.964 1,095.986 1,192.964
Third Quarter 1,208.150 1,101.676 1,101.676
Fourth Quarter 1,219.109 1,049.303 1,204.696
2015      
First Quarter 1,266.373 1,154.709 1,252.772
Second Quarter 1,295.799 1,215.417 1,253.947
Third Quarter 1,273.328 1,083.907 1,100.688
Fourth Quarter 1,204.159 1,097.552 1,135.889
2016      
First Quarter 1,114.028 953.715 1,114.028
Second Quarter 1,188.954 1,089.646 1,151.923
Third Quarter 1,263.438 1,139.453 1,251.646
Fourth Quarter 1,388.073 1,156.885 1,357.130
2017      
First Quarter 1,413.635 1,345.598 1,385.920
Second Quarter 1,425.985 1,345.244 1,415.359
Third Quarter 1,490.861 1,356.905 1,490.861
Fourth Quarter 1,548.926 1,464.095 1,535.511
2018      
First Quarter 1,610.706 1,463.793 1,529.427
Second Quarter 1,706.985 1,492.531 1,643.069
Third Quarter 1,740.753 1,653.132 1,696.571
Fourth Quarter 1,672.992 1,266.925 1,348.559
2019      
First Quarter (through March 14, 2019) 1,590.062 1,330.831 1,549.635

 

March 2019Page 11

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

S&P 500® Index
January 1, 2014 to March 14, 2019  

 

S&P 500® Index High Low Period End
2014      
First Quarter 1,878.04 1,741.89 1,872.34
Second Quarter 1,962.87 1,815.69 1,960.23
Third Quarter 2,011.36 1,909.57 1,972.29
Fourth Quarter 2,090.57 1,862.49 2,058.90
2015      
First Quarter 2,117.39 1,992.67 2,067.89
Second Quarter 2,130.82 2,057.64 2,063.11
Third Quarter 2,128.28 1,867.61 1,920.03
Fourth Quarter 2,109.79 1,923.82 2,043.94
2016      
First Quarter 2,063.95 1,829.08 2,059.74
Second Quarter 2,119.12 2,000.54 2,098.86
Third Quarter 2,190.15 2,088.55 2,168.27
Fourth Quarter 2,271.72 2,085.18 2,238.83
2017      
First Quarter 2,395.96 2,257.83 2,362.72
Second Quarter 2,453.46 2,328.95 2,423.41
Third Quarter 2,519.36 2,409.75 2,519.36
Fourth Quarter 2,690.16 2,529.12 2,673.61
2018      
First Quarter 2,872.87 2,581.00 2,640.87
Second Quarter 2,786.85 2,581.88 2,718.37
Third Quarter 2,930.75 2,713.22 2,913.98
Fourth Quarter 2,925.51 2,351.10 2,506.85
2019      
First Quarter (through March 14, 2019) 2,810.92 2,447.89 2,808.48

 

March 2019Page 12

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Additional Terms of the Trigger PLUS

 

Please read this information in conjunction with the summary terms on the front cover of this document.

 

Additional Terms:  
If the terms described herein are inconsistent with those described in the accompanying product supplement, index supplement or prospectus, the terms described herein shall control.
Underlying index publishers:

With respect to the RTY Index, FTSE Russell, or any successor thereof.

 

With respect to the SPX Index, S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, or any successor thereof.

Index closing value:

With respect to the RTY Index, the index closing value on any index business day shall be determined by the calculation agent and shall equal the closing value of the RTY Index or any successor index reported by Bloomberg Financial Services, or any successor reporting service the calculation agent may select, on such index business day. In certain circumstances, the index closing value for the RTY Index will be based on the alternate calculation of the RTY Index as described under “Discontinuance of Any Underlying Index or Basket Index; Alteration of Method of Calculation” in the accompanying product supplement. The closing value of the RTY Index reported by Bloomberg Financial Services may be lower or higher than the official closing value of the RTY Index published by the underlying index publisher for the RTY Index. 

 

With respect to the SPX Index, the index closing value on any index business day shall be determined by the calculation agent and shall equal the official closing value of the SPX Index, or any successor index as defined under “Discontinuance of Any Underlying Index or Basket Index; Alteration of Method of Calculation” in the accompanying product supplement, published at the regular official weekday close of trading on such index business day by the underlying index publisher for the SPX Index, as determined by the calculation agent. In certain circumstances, the index closing value for the SPX Index will be based on the alternate calculation of the SPX Index as described under “Discontinuance of Any Underlying Index or Basket Index; Alteration of Method of Calculation” in the accompanying product supplement. 

Postponement of maturity date: If the valuation date for any basket component is postponed so that it falls less than two business days prior to the scheduled maturity date, the maturity date will be postponed to the second business day following the last valuation date as postponed.
Bull market or bear market Trigger PLUS: Bull Market Trigger PLUS
Trustee: The Bank of New York Mellon
Calculation agent: MS & Co.
Issuer notice to registered security holders, the trustee and the depositary:

In the event that the maturity date is postponed due to postponement of the valuation date, the issuer shall give notice of such postponement and, once it has been determined, of the date to which the maturity date has been rescheduled (i) to each registered holder of the Trigger PLUS by mailing notice of such postponement by first class mail, postage prepaid, to such registered holder’s last address as it shall appear upon the registry books, (ii) to the trustee by facsimile confirmed by mailing such notice to the trustee by first class mail, postage prepaid, at its New York office and (iii) to The Depository Trust Company (the “depositary”) by telephone or facsimile, confirmed by mailing such notice to the depositary by first class mail, postage prepaid.  Any notice that is mailed to a registered holder of the Trigger PLUS in the manner herein provided shall be conclusively presumed to have been duly given to such registered holder, whether or not such registered holder receives the notice.  The issuer shall give such notice as promptly as possible, and in no case later than (i) with respect to notice of postponement of the maturity date, the business day immediately preceding the scheduled maturity date and (ii) with respect to notice of the date to which the maturity date has been rescheduled, the business day immediately following the actual valuation date.

 

The issuer shall, or shall cause the calculation agent to, (i) provide written notice to the trustee and to the depositary of the amount of cash to be delivered with respect to each stated principal amount of the Trigger PLUS, on or prior to 10:30 a.m. (New York City time) on the business day preceding the maturity date, and (ii) deliver the aggregate cash amount due with respect to the Trigger PLUS to the trustee for delivery to the depositary, as holder of the Trigger PLUS, on the maturity date.

 

March 2019Page 13

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Additional Information:  
Minimum ticketing size: $1,000 / 1 Trigger PLUS
Tax considerations: Although there is uncertainty regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS due to the lack of governing authority, in the opinion of our counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, under current law, and based on current market conditions, a Trigger PLUS should be treated as a single financial contract that is an “open transaction” for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  However, because our counsel’s opinion is based in part on market conditions as of the date of this document, it is subject to confirmation on the pricing date.
   
  Assuming this treatment of the Trigger PLUS is respected and subject to the discussion in “United States Federal Taxation” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS, the following U.S. federal income tax consequences should result based on current law:
   
  §  A U.S. Holder should not be required to recognize taxable income over the term of the Trigger PLUS prior to settlement, other than pursuant to a sale or exchange.
   
  §  Upon sale, exchange or settlement of the Trigger PLUS, a U.S. Holder should recognize gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized and the U.S. Holder’s tax basis in the Trigger PLUS.  Such gain or loss should be long-term capital gain or loss if the investor has held the Trigger PLUS for more than one year, and short-term capital gain or loss otherwise.
   
 

In 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) released a notice requesting comments on the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar instruments. The notice focuses in particular on whether to require holders of these instruments to accrue income over the term of their investment. It also asks for comments on a number of related topics, including the character of income or loss with respect to these instruments; whether short-term instruments should be subject to any such accrual regime; the relevance of factors such as the exchange-traded status of the instruments and the nature of the underlying property to which the instruments are linked; the degree, if any, to which income (including any mandated accruals) realized by non-U.S. investors should be subject to withholding tax; and whether these instruments are or should be subject to the “constructive ownership” rule, which very generally can operate to recharacterize certain long-term capital gain as ordinary income and impose an interest charge. While the notice requests comments on appropriate transition rules and effective dates, any Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS, possibly with retroactive effect.

 

As discussed in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS, Section 871(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (“Section 871(m)”) generally impose a 30% (or a lower applicable treaty rate) withholding tax on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid to Non-U.S. Holders with respect to certain financial instruments linked to U.S. equities or indices that include U.S. equities (each, an “Underlying Security”). Subject to certain exceptions, Section 871(m) generally applies to securities that substantially replicate the economic performance of one or more Underlying Securities, as determined based on tests set forth in the applicable Treasury regulations (a “Specified Security”). However, pursuant to an IRS notice, Section 871(m) will not apply to securities issued before January 1, 2021 that do not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security. Based on the terms of the Trigger PLUS and current market conditions, we expect that the Trigger PLUS will not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security on the pricing date. However, we will provide an updated determination in the final pricing supplement. Assuming that the Trigger PLUS do not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security, our counsel is of the opinion that the Trigger PLUS should not be Specified Securities and, therefore, should not be subject to Section 871(m).

 

Our determination is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this determination. Section 871(m) is complex and its application may depend on your particular circumstances, including whether you enter into other transactions with respect to an Underlying Security. If withholding is required, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to the amounts so withheld. You should consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) to the Trigger PLUS.

 

Both U.S. and non-U.S. investors considering an investment in the Trigger PLUS should read the discussion under “Risk Factors” in this document and the discussion under “United States Federal Taxation” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS and consult their tax advisers regarding all aspects of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS, including possible alternative treatments, the issues presented by the aforementioned notice and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

The discussion in the preceding paragraphs under “Tax considerations” and the discussion contained in the section entitled “United States Federal Taxation” in the accompanying

 

March 2019Page 14

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

  product supplement for PLUS, insofar as they purport to describe provisions of U.S. federal income tax laws or legal conclusions with respect thereto, constitute the full opinion of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP regarding the material U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the Trigger PLUS.
Use of proceeds and hedging: The proceeds from  the sale of the Trigger PLUS will be used by us for general corporate purposes.  We will receive, in aggregate, $1,000 per Trigger PLUS issued, because, when we enter into hedging transactions in order to meet our obligations under the Trigger PLUS, our hedging counterparty will reimburse the cost of the agent’s commissions.  The costs of the Trigger PLUS borne by you and described beginning on page 2 above comprise the agent’s commissions and the cost of issuing, structuring and hedging the Trigger PLUS.
   
  On or prior to the pricing date, we will hedge our anticipated exposure in connection with the Trigger PLUS by entering into hedging transactions with our affiliates and/or third party dealers.  We expect our hedging counterparties to take positions in the underlying indices, in futures or options contracts on the underlying indices or component stocks of the underlying indices listed on major securities markets or positions in any other available securities or instruments that they may wish to use in connection with such hedging.  Such purchase activity could potentially increase the initial basket component values of the basket components, and, therefore, could increase the values at or above which the basket components must close on the valuation date so that investors do not suffer a significant loss on their initial investment in the Trigger PLUS.  In addition, through our affiliates, we are likely to modify our hedge position throughout the term of the Trigger PLUS, including on the valuation date, by purchasing and selling the stocks constituting the underlying indices, futures or options contracts on the underlying indices or component stocks of the underlying indices listed on major securities markets or positions in any other available securities or instruments that we may wish to use in connection with such hedging activities.  As a result, these entities may be unwinding or adjusting hedge positions during the term of the Trigger PLUS, and the hedging strategy may involve greater and more frequent dynamic adjustments to the hedge as the valuation date approaches.  We cannot give any assurance that our hedging activities will not affect the value of the basket component and, therefore, adversely affect the value of the Trigger PLUS or the payment you will receive at maturity, if any.  For further information on our use of proceeds and hedging, see “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS.
Benefit plan investor considerations:

Each fiduciary of a pension, profit-sharing or other employee benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”) (a “Plan”), should consider the fiduciary standards of ERISA in the context of the Plan’s particular circumstances before authorizing an investment in the Trigger PLUS. Accordingly, among other factors, the fiduciary should consider whether the investment would satisfy the prudence and diversification requirements of ERISA and would be consistent with the documents and instruments governing the Plan.

 

In addition, we and certain of our affiliates, including MS & Co., may each be considered a “party in interest” within the meaning of ERISA, or a “disqualified person” within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), with respect to many Plans, as well as many individual retirement accounts and Keogh plans (such accounts and plans, together with other plans, accounts and arrangements subject to Section 4975 of the Code, also “Plans”). ERISA Section 406 and Section 4975 of the Code generally prohibit transactions between Plans and parties in interest or disqualified persons. Prohibited transactions within the meaning of ERISA or the Code would likely arise, for example, if the Trigger PLUS are acquired by or with the assets of a Plan with respect to which MS & Co. or any of its affiliates is a service provider or other party in interest, unless the Trigger PLUS are acquired pursuant to an exemption from the “prohibited transaction” rules. A violation of these “prohibited transaction” rules could result in an excise tax or other liabilities under ERISA and/or Section 4975 of the Code for those persons, unless exemptive relief is available under an applicable statutory or administrative exemption.

 

The U.S. Department of Labor has issued five prohibited transaction class exemptions (“PTCEs”) that may provide exemptive relief for direct or indirect prohibited transactions resulting from the purchase or holding of the Trigger PLUS. Those class exemptions are PTCE 96-23 (for certain transactions determined by in-house asset managers), PTCE 95-60 (for certain transactions involving insurance company general accounts), PTCE 91-38 (for certain transactions involving bank collective investment funds), PTCE 90-1 (for certain transactions involving insurance company separate accounts) and PTCE 84-14 (for certain transactions determined by independent qualified professional asset managers). In addition, ERISA Section 408(b)(17) and Section 4975(d)(20) of the Code provide an exemption for the purchase and sale of securities and the related lending transactions, provided that neither the issuer of the securities nor any of its affiliates has or exercises any discretionary authority or control or renders any investment advice with respect to the assets of the Plan involved in the transaction and provided further that the Plan pays no more, and receives no less, than “adequate consideration” in connection with the transaction (the so-called “service provider” exemption). There can be no assurance that any of these class or statutory exemptions will be available with respect to transactions involving the Trigger PLUS.

 

Because we may be considered a party in interest with respect to many Plans, the Trigger PLUS may not be purchased, held or disposed of by any Plan, any entity whose underlying assets include “plan assets” by reason of any Plan’s investment in the entity (a “Plan Asset Entity”) or any person investing

 

March 2019Page 15

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Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

 

“plan assets” of any Plan, unless such purchase, holding or disposition is eligible for exemptive relief, including relief available under PTCEs 96-23, 95-60, 91-38, 90-1, 84-14 or the service provider exemption or such purchase, holding or disposition is otherwise not prohibited. Any purchaser, including any fiduciary purchasing on behalf of a Plan, transferee or holder of the Trigger PLUS will be deemed to have represented, in its corporate and its fiduciary capacity, by its purchase and holding of the Trigger PLUS that either (a) it is not a Plan or a Plan Asset Entity and is not purchasing such Trigger PLUS on behalf of or with “plan assets” of any Plan or with any assets of a governmental, non-U.S. or church plan that is subject to any federal, state, local or non-U.S. law that is substantially similar to the provisions of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code (“Similar Law”) or (b) its purchase, holding and disposition of these Trigger PLUS will not constitute or result in a non-exempt prohibited transaction under Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code or violate any Similar Law.

 

Due to the complexity of these rules and the penalties that may be imposed upon persons involved in non-exempt prohibited transactions, it is particularly important that fiduciaries or other persons considering purchasing the Trigger PLUS on behalf of or with “plan assets” of any Plan consult with their counsel regarding the availability of exemptive relief.

 

The Trigger PLUS are contractual financial instruments. The financial exposure provided by the Trigger PLUS is not a substitute or proxy for, and is not intended as a substitute or proxy for, individualized investment management or advice for the benefit of any purchaser or holder of the Trigger PLUS. The Trigger PLUS have not been designed and will not be administered in a manner intended to reflect the individualized needs and objectives of any purchaser or holder of the Trigger PLUS.

 

Each purchaser or holder of any Trigger PLUS acknowledges and agrees that:

 

(i)   the purchaser or holder or its fiduciary has made and shall make all investment decisions for the purchaser or holder and the purchaser or holder has not relied and shall not rely in any way upon us or our affiliates to act as a fiduciary or adviser of the purchaser or holder with respect to (A) the design and terms of the Trigger PLUS, (B) the purchaser or holder’s investment in the Trigger PLUS, or (C) the exercise of or failure to exercise any rights we have under or with respect to the Trigger PLUS;

 

(ii)  we and our affiliates have acted and will act solely for our own account in connection with (A) all transactions relating to the Trigger PLUS and (B) all hedging transactions in connection with our obligations under the Trigger PLUS;

 

(iii)  any and all assets and positions relating to hedging transactions by us or our affiliates are assets and positions of those entities and are not assets and positions held for the benefit of the purchaser or holder;

 

(iv)  our interests are adverse to the interests of the purchaser or holder; and

 

(v)   neither we nor any of our affiliates is a fiduciary or adviser of the purchaser or holder in connection with any such assets, positions or transactions, and any information that we or any of our affiliates may provide is not intended to be impartial investment advice.

 

Each purchaser and holder of the Trigger PLUS has exclusive responsibility for ensuring that its purchase, holding and disposition of the Trigger PLUS do not violate the prohibited transaction rules of ERISA or the Code or any Similar Law. The sale of any Trigger PLUS to any Plan or plan subject to Similar Law is in no respect a representation by us or any of our affiliates or representatives that such an investment meets all relevant legal requirements with respect to investments by plans generally or any particular plan, or that such an investment is appropriate for plans generally or any particular plan. In this regard, neither this discussion nor anything provided in this document is or is intended to be investment advice directed at any potential Plan purchaser or at Plan purchasers generally and such purchasers of the Trigger PLUS should consult and rely on their own counsel and advisers as to whether an investment in the Trigger PLUS is suitable.

 

However, individual retirement accounts, individual retirement annuities and Keogh plans, as well as employee benefit plans that permit participants to direct the investment of their accounts, will not be permitted to purchase or hold the Trigger PLUS if the account, plan or annuity is for the benefit of an employee of Morgan Stanley or Morgan Stanley Wealth Management or a family member and the employee receives any compensation (such as, for example, an addition to bonus) based on the purchase of the Trigger PLUS by the account, plan or annuity.

Additional considerations: Client accounts over which Morgan Stanley, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management or any of their respective subsidiaries have investment discretion are not permitted to purchase the Trigger PLUS, either directly or indirectly.
Supplemental information concerning plan of distribution; conflicts of interest:

Selected dealers, which may include our affiliates, and their financial advisors will collectively receive from the agent a fixed sales commission of $ for each Trigger PLUS they sell.

 

MS & Co. is an affiliate of MSFL and a wholly owned subsidiary of Morgan Stanley, and it and other affiliates of ours expect to make a profit by selling, structuring and, when applicable, hedging the Trigger PLUS. When MS & Co. prices this offering of Trigger PLUS, it will determine the economic terms of the Trigger PLUS such that for each Trigger PLUS the estimated value on the pricing date will be no lower than the minimum level described in “Investment Summary” beginning on page 2.

 

MS & Co. will conduct this offering in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121 of the

 

March 2019Page 16

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

 

Trigger PLUS Based on the Value of an Equally Weighted Basket Composed of the Russell 2000® Index and the S&P 500® Index due March 21, 2024

 

Trigger Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM

 

Principal at Risk Securities

 

  Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., which is commonly referred to as FINRA, regarding a FINRA member firm’s distribution of the securities of an affiliate and related conflicts of interest.  MS & Co. or any of our other affiliates may not make sales in this offering to any discretionary account.  See “Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” and “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying product supplement for PLUS.
Contact: Morgan Stanley Wealth Management clients may contact their local Morgan Stanley branch office or our principal executive offices at 1585 Broadway, New York, New York 10036 (telephone number (866) 477-4776).  All other clients may contact their local brokerage representative.  Third-party distributors may contact Morgan Stanley Structured Investment Sales at (800) 233-1087.
Where you can find more information:

Morgan Stanley and MSFL have filed a registration statement (including a prospectus, as supplemented by the product supplement for PLUS and the index supplement) with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, for the offering to which this communication relates. You should read the prospectus in that registration statement, the product supplement for PLUS, the index supplement and any other documents relating to this offering that Morgan Stanley and MSFL have filed with the SEC for more complete information about Morgan Stanley, MSFL and this offering. You may get these documents without cost by visiting EDGAR on the SEC web site at.www.sec.gov. Alternatively, Morgan Stanley, MSFL, any underwriter or any dealer participating in the offering will arrange to send you the product supplement for PLUS, index supplement and prospectus if you so request by calling toll-free 800-584-6837.

 

You may access these documents on the SEC web site at.www.sec.gov.as follows:

 

Product Supplement for PLUS dated November 16, 2017

 

Index Supplement dated November 16, 2017

 

Prospectus dated November 16, 2017

 

Terms used but not defined in this document are defined in the product supplement for PLUS, in the index supplement or in the prospectus.

 

“Performance Leveraged Upside SecuritiesSM” and “PLUSSM” are our service marks.

 

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