0001437749-18-012712.txt : 20180629 0001437749-18-012712.hdr.sgml : 20180629 20180629163726 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001437749-18-012712 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 100 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20180331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20180629 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20180629 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Seneca Foods Corp CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000088948 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: CANNED, FRUITS, VEG & PRESERVES, JAMS & JELLIES [2033] IRS NUMBER: 160733425 STATE OF INCORPORATION: NY FISCAL YEAR END: 0331 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 000-01989 FILM NUMBER: 18929735 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 3736 SOUTH MAIN STREET CITY: MARION STATE: NY ZIP: 14505 BUSINESS PHONE: 315 926 8100 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 3736 SOUTH MAIN STREET CITY: MARION STATE: NY ZIP: 14505 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: SENECA FOODS CORP /NY/ DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19920703 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: PIERCE S S COMPANY INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19861210 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: SENECA FOODS CORP DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19780425 10-K 1 senea20180625_10k.htm FORM 10-K senea20180331_10k.htm

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of

The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018

Commission File Number 0-01989

 

SENECA FOODS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

New York

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

3736 South Main Street, Marion, New York

  (Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

16-0733425

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

14505

(Zip Code)

 

(315) 926-8100

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Name of Each Exchange on

Which Registered

Common Stock Class A, $.25 Par

NASDAQ Global Market

Common Stock Class B, $.25 Par

NASDAQ Global Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

 

Yes        No   X  

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

 

Yes         No   X  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Yes   X     No       

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  X    No      

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.         

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer         Accelerated filer   X    Non-accelerated filer         Smaller reporting company         Emerging growth company       

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)

 

Yes         No   X  

 

The aggregate market value of the Registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates based on the closing sales price per market reports by the NASDAQ Global Market System on October 1, 2017 was approximately $241,650,000.

 

As of June 15, 2018, there were 7,860,033 shares of Class A common stock and 1,884,439 shares of Class B common stock outstanding.

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference:

 

 

(1)

Portions of the Annual Report to shareholders for fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 (the “2018 Annual Report”) applicable to Part I, Item 1, Part II, Items 5-9A and Part IV, Item 15 of Form 10-K.

 

 

(2)

Portion of the Proxy Statement to be issued in connection with the Registrant’s annual meeting of stockholders (the “Proxy Statement”) applicable to Part III, Items 10-14 of Form 10-K.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT FISCAL YEAR 2018

SENECA FOODS CORPORATION

     
     
     
    Pages

PART I.

 

 

     

Item 1.

Business

1-4

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

4-8

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

9

Item 2.

Properties

9-10

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

10

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

10

     

PART II.

   

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Security Holder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

11

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

11

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

11

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

11

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

12

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

12

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

12-14

Item 9B.

Other Information

15

     

PART III.

   

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

16

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

16

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

16

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

16

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

16

     
     

PART IV.

   

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

17-18

     

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

18

     

SIGNATURES

 

21

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Certain of the statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K are forward-looking statements made within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act). Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements are not in the present or past tense and, in some cases, can be identified by the use of the words "will," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," "seeks," "should," "likely," "targets," "may", "can" and other expressions that indicate future trends and events. A forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made and reflects management's analysis only as of the date thereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement. The following factors, among others discussed herein and in the Company's filings under the Exchange Act, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements: costs and availability of raw materials, competition, cost controls, sales levels, governmental regulation, consumer preferences, industry trends, weather conditions, crop yields, natural disasters, recalls, litigation, reliance on third-parties, wage rates, and other factors. See also the factors described in "Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this report, and those described in the Company's filings under the Exchange Act.

 

Restatement of Financial Statements

 

As described in the Form 12b-25 filed by the Company on June 14, 2018, this Form 10-K was delayed because of the additional time that the Company required to finalize its financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.  The Company's delay in filing the Form 10-K is due principally to the additional time the Company required to complete its analysis of complex and technical accounting issues relating to "bill and hold" revenue recognition relating to a contract packing agreement with a customer. On June 28, 2018 the Audit Committee of the Company determined that the Company's accounting practices for bill and hold revenue recognition were incorrect.  The Company has made all necessary adjustments to correct this information for all periods presented in this Form 10-K.  See Note 2 of the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

PART I

Item 1

 

Business

 

History and Development of Seneca Foods Corporation

 

SENECA FOODS CORPORATION (the “Company”) is one of North America's leading providers of packaged fruits and vegetables with facilities located throughout the United States. The Company’s product offerings include canned, frozen and bottled produce and snack chips and its products are sold under private label as well as national and regional brands that the Company owns or licenses, including Seneca®, Libby’s®, Aunt Nellie’s®, READ®, Green Valley®, CherryMan® and Seneca Farms®. The Company packs Green Giant, Le Sueur and other brands of canned vegetables as well as select Green Giant frozen vegetables for B&G Foods North America (“B&G”) under a contract packing agreement.

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s facilities consisted of 24 packaging plants strategically located throughout the United States, three can manufacturing plants, three seed processing and packaging operations, a farming operation and a logistical support network. The Company also maintains warehouses which are generally located adjacent to its packaging plants. The Company is a New York corporation and its headquarters is located at 3736 South Main Street, Marion, New York and its telephone number is (315) 926-8100.

 

The Company was founded in 1949 and during its 70 years of operation, the Company has made over 50 strategic acquisitions including the purchase of the long-term license for the Libby’s brand in 1983, the purchase of Pillsbury’s Green Giant packaging assets and entry into an Alliance Agreement with respect to the Green Giant canned and frozen vegetable business in 1995 and the acquisition of Chiquita Processed Foods in 2003. The Company believes that these acquisitions have enhanced the Company’s leadership position in the private label and foodservice canned vegetable markets in the United States and significantly increased its international sales. In 2013, the Company completed its acquisition of 100% of the membership interest in Independent Foods, LLC. In April 2014, the Company purchased a 50% equity interest in Truitt Bros. Inc. In 2016, the Company acquired Gray & Company and Diana Foods Co., Inc., each leading providers of maraschino cherries and other cherry products. In 2018, the Company acquired the remaining 50% ownership interest in Truitt Bros., Inc. making it a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

 

Available Information

 

The Company’s Internet address is www.senecafoods.com. The Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, the Company’s quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available on the Company’s web site, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. All such filings on the Company’s web site are available free of charge. Information on our website is not part of the Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

In addition, the Company's website includes items related to corporate governance matters, including charters of various committees of the Board of Directors and the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. The Company intends to disclose on its website any amendment to or waiver of any provision of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that would otherwise be required to be disclosed under the rules of the SEC and NASDAQ.

 

Financial Information about Industry Segments

 

The Company manages its business on the basis of three reportable segments – the primary segment is the packaging and sale of fruits and vegetables, secondarily, the packaging and sale of prepared food products (added as a result of the Truitt acquisition), third, the packaging and sale of snack products, of which the majority are chip products. These three segments constitute the food operation. The food operation constitutes 99% of total sales, of which approximately 61% is canned vegetable packaging, 20% is canned fruit packaging, 11% is frozen fruit and vegetable packaging, 7% is prepared foods and 1% is fruit chip packaging. The non-food operation, which is primarily related to the sale of cans and ends and outside revenue generated from our trucking and aircraft operations, represents 1% of the Company’s total sales.

 

 

Narrative Description of Business

 

Principal Products and Markets

 

Food Packaging

 

The Company’s principal products include canned fruits and vegetables, frozen vegetables and other food products. The products are sold nationwide by major grocery outlets, including supermarkets, mass merchandisers, limited assortment stores, club stores and dollar stores. Additionally, products are sold to food service distributors, industrial markets, other food packagers, export customers in 90 countries and federal, state and local governments for school and other feeding programs. Food packaging operations are primarily supported by plant locations in New York, California, Kentucky, Michigan, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Washington, Idaho, Illinois, and Minnesota. See Note 13 of Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, for additional information about the Company’s segments.

 

The following table summarizes net sales by major product category for the years ended March 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016:

 

Classes of similar products/services: 

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

 

      (Restated)     (Restated)  
   

(In thousands)

 

Net Sales:

                       

Green Giant *

  $ 111,014     $ 136,329     $ 148,517  

Canned vegetables

    721,121       705,297       746,501  

Frozen

    105,857       98,597       94,710  

Fruit

    256,687       286,464       253,658  

Prepared foods

    92,826       -       -  

Snack

    10,110       12,430       12,336  

Other

    17,150       23,081       23,845  

Total

  $ 1,314,765     $ 1,262,198     $ 1,279,567  

 

* Green Giant includes canned and frozen vegetables exclusively for B&G Foods.

 

 

 

Source and Availability of Raw Materials

 

The Company’s food packaging plants are located in major vegetable producing states and in four fruit producing states. Fruits and vegetables are primarily obtained through supply contracts with independent growers.

 

Intellectual Property

 

The Company's most significant brand name, Libby's®, is held pursuant to a trademark license granted to the Company in March 1982 and renewable by the Company every 10 years for an aggregate period expiring in March 2081. The original licensor was Libby, McNeill & Libby, Inc., then an indirect subsidiary of Nestlé, S. A. ("Nestlé") and the license was granted in connection with the Company's purchase of certain of the licensor's canned vegetable operations in the United States. Corlib Brands Management, LTD acquired the license from Nestlé during 2006. The license is limited to vegetables which are shelf-stable, frozen, and thermally packaged, and includes the Company's major vegetable varieties – corn, peas and green beans – as well as certain other thermally packaged vegetable varieties and sauerkraut.

 

The Company is required to pay an annual royalty to Corlib Brands now known as Libby's Brand Holding, Ltd., who may terminate the license for non-payment of royalty, use of the trademark in sales outside the licensed territory, failure to achieve a minimum level of sales under the licensed trademark during any calendar year or a material breach or default by the Company under the agreement (which is not cured within the specified cure period). With the purchase of Signature Fruit Company, LLC, which also uses the Libby’s® brand name, the Company re-negotiated the license agreement and created a new, combined agreement based on Libby’s® revenue dollars for fruits, vegetables, and dry beans. A total of $310,000 was paid as a royalty fee for the year ended March 31, 2018.

 

The Company also sells canned fruits and vegetables, frozen vegetables and other food products under several other brands for which the Company has obtained registered trademarks, including, Aunt Nellie’s®, Cherryman®, Green Valley®, READ®, Seneca Farms®, and Seneca® and other regional brands.

 

Seasonal Business

 

While individual fruits and vegetables have seasonal cycles of peak production and sales, the different cycles are somewhat offsetting. Minimal food packaging occurs in the Company's last fiscal quarter ending March 31, which is the optimal time for maintenance, repairs and equipment changes in its packaging plants. The supply of commodities, current pricing, and expected new crop quantity and quality affect the timing and amount of the Company’s sales and earnings. When the seasonal harvesting periods of the Company's major fruits and vegetables are newly completed, inventories for these packaged fruits and vegetables are at their highest levels. For peas, the peak inventory time is mid-summer and for corn, the Company's highest volume vegetable, the peak inventory is in mid-autumn. For peaches, the Company's highest volume fruit, the peak inventory time is early-autumn. For pears and cherries, the peak inventory is late-summer.

 

 

These seasonal fluctuations are illustrated in the following table, which presents certain unaudited quarterly financial information for the periods indicated:

   

First Quarter

   

Second

Quarter

   

Third

Quarter

   

Fourth

Quarter

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Year ended March 31, 2018:

    (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)          

Net sales

  $ 288,927     $ 338,470     $ 387,689     $ 299,679  

Gross margin

    15,535       17,411       30,501       11,140  

Net (loss) earnings

    (980 )     (2,958 )     4,377       (14,250 )

Inventories (at quarter end)

    655,419       859,146       770,702       680,828  

Revolver outstanding (at quarter end)

    226,010       272,609       290,196       293,459  
                                 

Year ended March 31, 2017:

    (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)  

Net sales

  $ 272,135     $ 352,606     $ 356,767     $ 280,690  

Gross margin

    21,955       31,025       37,926       21,098  

Net (loss) earnings

    965       6,821       7,789       320  

Inventories (at quarter end)

    611,063       801,684       699,445       628,935  

Revolver outstanding (at quarter end)

    264,000       342,935       232,586       214,781  

 

 

Backlog

 

In the food packaging business, an end of year sales order backlog is not considered meaningful. Traditionally, larger customers provide tentative bookings for their expected purchases for the upcoming season. These bookings are further developed as data on the expected size of the related national harvests becomes available. In general, these bookings serve as a yardstick rather than as a firm commitment, since actual harvest results can vary notably from early estimates. In actual practice, the Company has substantially all of its expected seasonal production identified to potential sales outlets before the seasonal production is completed.

 

Competition and Customers

 

Competition in the food business is substantial with brand recognition and promotion, quality, service, and pricing being the major determinants in the Company’s relative market position. The Company believes that it is a major producer of canned fruits and vegetables, but some producers of canned, frozen and other forms of fruit and vegetable products have sales which exceed the Company's sales. The Company is aware of approximately 14 competitors in the U.S. packaged vegetable industry, many of which are privately held companies. The Company is aware of approximately nine competitors in the U.S. packaged fruit industry. In addition, there are significant quantities of fruit that are imported from Europe, Asia and South America.

 

During the past year, approximately 10% of the Company’s packaged foods sales were packed for retail customers under the Company’s branded labels of Seneca®, Libby’s®, Green Valley®, Aunt Nellie’s®, READ®, and Seneca Farms®. About 24% of packaged foods sales were packed for institutional food distributors and 57% were retail packed under the private label of our customers. The remaining 9% was sold under an agreement with B&G Foods (the “Green Giant Agreement”) (see note 12 of Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data). Termination of the Green Giant Agreement would substantially reduce the Company’s sales and profitability unless the Company was to enter into a new substantial supply relationship with B&G Foods or another major vegetable marketer. The non-Green Giant customers represent a full cross section of the retail, institutional, distributor, and industrial markets; and the Company does not consider itself dependent on any single sales source other than sales attributable to the Green Giant Agreement.

 

The Company's principal branded products are its Libby’s canned fruit and vegetable products, which rate among the top three national brands according to a leading market research firm.

 

The information under the heading "Results of Operations in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the 2018 Annual Report is incorporated by reference.

 

Environmental Regulation

 

Environmental Protection

 

Environmental protection is an area that has been worked on diligently at each food packaging facility. In all locations, the Company has cooperated with federal, state, and local environmental protection authorities in developing and maintaining suitable antipollution facilities. In general, we believe our pollution control facilities are equal to or somewhat superior to those of our competitors and are within environmental protection standards. The Company does not expect any material capital expenditures to comply with environmental regulations in the near future.

 

There has been a broad range of proposed and promulgated state, national and international regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change. In the United States, there is a significant possibility that some form of regulation will be forthcoming at the federal level to address the effects of climate change. Such regulation could result in the creation of additional costs in the form of taxes, the restriction of output, investments of capital to maintain compliance with laws and regulations, or required acquisition or trading of emission allowances.

 

Environmental Litigation and Contingencies

 

In the ordinary course of its business, the Company is made a party to certain legal proceedings seeking monetary damages, including proceedings involving product liability claims, worker’s compensation and other employee claims, tort and other general liability claims, for which it carries insurance as well as patent infringement and related litigation. The Company is in a highly regulated industry and is also periodically involved in government actions for regulatory violations and other matters surrounding the manufacturing of its products, including, but not limited to, environmental, employee, and product safety issues. While it is not feasible to predict or determine the ultimate outcome of these matters, the Company does not believe that an adverse decision in any of these legal proceedings would have a material adverse impact on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

 

Employment

 

At our fiscal year end 2018, the Company had approximately 4,300 employees of which 3,700 full time and 500 seasonal employees work in food packaging and 100 full time employees work in other activities. The number of employees increases by approximately 7,000 due to an increase in seasonal employees during our peak pack season.

 

The Company has seven collective bargaining agreements with three unions covering approximately 1,050 of its full-time employees.  The terms of these agreements result in wages and benefits which are substantially the same for comparable positions for the Company’s non-union employees.  There are two agreements that will expire in 2018, two agreements that will expire in calendar 2019 and three agreements that will expire in calendar 2020.

 

 

Domestic and Export Sales

 

The following table sets forth domestic and export sales:

 

 

 

   

Fiscal Year

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
      (Restated)       (Restated)  
   

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Net Sales:

                       

United States

  $ 1,223,959     $ 1,166,140     $ 1,171,285  

Export

    90,806       96,058       108,282  

Total Net Sales

  $ 1,314,765     $ 1,262,198     $ 1,279,567  
                         

As a Percentage of Net Sales:

                       

United States

    93.1

%

    92.4

%

    91.5

%

Export

    6.9

%

    7.6

%

    8.5

%

Total

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

 

 

Item 1A

 

Risk Factors

 

The following factors as well as factors described elsewhere in this Form 10-K or in other filings by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission, could adversely affect the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. Other factors not presently known to us or that we presently believe are not material could also affect our business operations or financial results. The Company refers to itself as “we”, “our” or “us” in this section.

 

Fruit and Vegetable Industry Risks

 

Excess capacity in the fruit and vegetable industry has a downward impact on selling price.

 

Canned fruit and vegetable categories are declining, with that; less shelf space is being devoted to these categories in the supermarkets. Fresh and perishable businesses are improving their delivery systems around the world and the availability of fresh produce is impacting the consumers purchasing patterns relating to processed fruits and vegetables. Our financial performance and growth are related to conditions in the United States’ fruit and vegetable packaging industry, which is a mature industry with a modest growth rate during the last 10 years. Our net sales are a function of product availability and market pricing. In the fruit and vegetable packaging industry, product availability and market prices tend to have an inverse relationship: market prices tend to decrease as more product is available and to increase if less product is available. Product availability is a direct result of plantings, growing conditions, crop yields and inventory levels, all of which vary from year to year. Moreover, fruit and vegetable production outside the United States, particularly in Europe, Asia and South America, is increasing at a time when worldwide demand for certain products, such as peaches, is declining. These factors may have a significant effect on supply and competition and create downward pressure on prices. In addition, market prices can be affected by the planting and inventory levels and individual pricing decisions of our competitors. Generally, market prices in the fruit and vegetable packaging industry adjust more quickly to variations in product availability than an individual packager can adjust its cost structure; thus, in an oversupply situation, a packager’s margins likely will weaken. We typically have experienced lower margins during times of industry oversupply.

 

The Company announced that it will cease production and close its Modesto, California plant prior to the 2018 production season. Reasons for exiting the business include large operating losses, rising costs for farmers and the Company and export competition from China and Europe.

 

In the past, the fruit and vegetable packaging industry has been characterized by excess capacity, with resulting pressure on our prices and profit margins. We have closed packaging plants in past years in response to the downward pressure on prices. There can be no assurance that our margins will improve in response to favorable market conditions or that we will be able to operate profitably during depressed market conditions.

 

 

Growing cycles and adverse weather conditions may decrease our results from operations.

 

Our operations are affected by the growing cycles of the fruits and vegetables we package. When the fruits and vegetables are ready to be picked, we must harvest and package them quickly or forego the opportunity to package fresh picked fruits and vegetables for an entire year. Most of our fruits and vegetables are grown by farmers under contract with us. Consequently, we must pay the contract grower for the fruits and vegetables even if we cannot or do not harvest or package them. Most of our production occurs during the second quarter (July through September) of our fiscal year, which corresponds with the quarter that the growing season ends for most of the produce packaged by us. A majority of our sales occur during the third and fourth quarters of each fiscal year due to seasonal consumption patterns for our products. Accordingly, inventory levels are highest during the second and third quarters, and accounts receivable levels are highest during the third and fourth quarters. Net sales generated during our third and fourth fiscal quarters have a significant impact on our results of operations. Because of these seasonal fluctuations, the results of any particular quarter, particularly in the first half of our fiscal year, will not necessarily be indicative of results for the full year or for future years.

 

We set our planting schedules without knowing the effect of the weather on the crops or on the entire industry’s production. Weather conditions during the course of each fruit and vegetable crop’s growing season will affect the volume and growing time of that crop. As most of our vegetables are produced in more than one part of the U.S., this somewhat reduces the risk that our entire crop will be subject to disastrous weather. The upper Midwest is the primary growing region for the principal vegetables which we pack, namely peas, green beans and corn, and it is also a substantial source of our competitors’ vegetable production. The adverse effects of weather-related reduced production may be partially mitigated by higher selling prices for the fruits and vegetables which are produced.

 

The commodity materials that we package or otherwise require are subject to price increases that could adversely affect our profitability.

 

The materials that we use, such as fruits and vegetables, steel (used to make cans), ingredients, pouches and other packaging materials as well as the electricity and natural gas used in our business, are commodities that may experience price volatility caused by external factors, including market fluctuations, availability, currency fluctuations and changes in governmental regulations and agricultural programs. General inventory positions of major commodities, such as field corn, soybeans and wheat, all commodities with which we must compete for acreage, can have dramatic effects on prices for those commodities, which can translate into similar swings in prices needed to be paid for our contracted commodities. These programs and other events can result in reduced supplies of these commodities, higher supply costs or interruptions in our production schedules. If prices of these commodities increase beyond what we can pass along to our customers, our operating income will decrease.

 

Global Trade Policy Could Adversely Impact Our Results From Operations

 

Earlier this year, the U.S. Government imposed 25% duties on the importation of steel from most of the steel producing countries around the world.  Seneca Foods makes its own cans using tin-plated and tin-free steel purchased from both domestic and off-shore suppliers.  The duties will potentially have an impact on the cost of steel that the company has already committed for but yet not received from off-shore suppliers.  In addition, based on information provided by domestic suppliers, the cost of steel in the future will substantially increase.  This will create higher costs of the primary packaging used by the Company for its products.  The ability to pass on these costs to our customers is an unknown risk.  In addition, other countries have or are threatening to impose retaliatory duties on items produced in the U.S. including the Company’s products.  This will limit the export potential for the Company’s products going forward.  In 2018, 6.9 percent of the company’s products were exported.

 

Risks Associated With Our Operations

 

We depend upon key customers.

 

Our products are sold in a highly competitive marketplace, which includes increased concentration and a growing presence of large-format retailers and discounters. Dependence upon key customers could lead to increased pricing pressure by these customers.

 

Green Giant products packed by us in fiscal years 2018 and 2017 constituted approximately 9% and 11%, respectively, of our total sales. Our sales of Green Giant product and financial performance under the Green Giant Agreement depend to a significant extent on our success in producing quality Green Giant vegetables at competitive costs and B&G Foods success in marketing the products produced by us. The ability of B&G Foods to successfully market these products will depend upon B&G Foods’s sales efforts as well as the factors described above under “Excess capacity in the fruit and vegetable industry has a downward impact on selling price.” We cannot give assurance as to the volume of B&G Foods’s sales and cannot control many of the key factors affecting that volume.

 

Additionally, purchases by the United Sates Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) in fiscal year 2018 represented approximately 3.7% of our total sales. The purchase of our products by the USDA is done through the government’s competitive bid process. We bid on stated product requirements and needs as presented by the USDA and, if we are the successful bidder, we fulfill the contract and deliver the product. The government contracting process is complex and subject to numerous regulations and requirements. Failure by us to comply with the regulations and requirements for government contracts could jeopardize our ability to contract with the government and could result in reduced sales or prohibition on submitting bids to the USDA. The government procurement process could also change and result in our inability to meet the new requirements. Additionally, the government’s need for our products could decrease, which would result in reduced sales to the USDA.

 

If we lose a significant customer or if sales to a significant customer materially decrease, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

 

If we do not maintain the market shares of our products, our business and revenues may be adversely affected.

 

All of our products compete with those of other national and regional food packaging companies under highly competitive conditions. The vegetable products which we sell under our own brand names not only compete with vegetable products produced by vegetable packaging competitors, but also compete with products we produce and sell to other companies who market those products under their own brand names, such as the Green Giant vegetables we sell to B&G Foods and the fruits and vegetables we sell to various retail grocery chains which carry our customer’s own brand names.

 

The customers who buy our products to sell under their own brand names control the marketing programs for those products. In recent years, many major retail food chains have been increasing their promotions, offerings and shelf space allocations for their own fruit and vegetable brands, to the detriment of fruit and vegetable brands owned by the packagers, including our own brands. We cannot predict the pricing or promotional activities of our customers/competitors or whether they will have a negative effect on us. There are competitive pressures and other factors, which could cause our products to lose market share or result in significant price erosion that could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

 

Increases in logistics and other transportation-related costs could materially adversely impact our results of operations.

 

Our ability to competitively serve our customers depends on the availability of reliable and low-cost transportation. We use multiple forms of transportation to bring our products to market. They include trucks, intermodal, rail cars, and ships. Disruption to the timely supply of these services or increases in the cost of these services for any reason, including availability or cost of fuel, regulations affecting the industry, or labor shortages in the transportation industry, could have an adverse effect on our ability to serve our customers, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If we are subject to product liability claims, we may incur significant and unexpected costs and our business reputation could be adversely affected.

 

Food packagers are subject to significant liability should the consumption of their products cause injury or illness. We work with regulators, the industry and suppliers to stay abreast of developments. A product liability judgment against us could also result in substantial and unexpected expenditures, affect consumer confidence in our products, and divert management’s attention from other responsibilities. Product liability claims may also lead to increased scrutiny by federal and state regulatory agencies and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operation. Although we maintain comprehensive general liability insurance coverage, there can be no assurance that this level of coverage is adequate or that we will be able to continue to maintain our existing insurance or obtain comparable insurance at a reasonable cost, if at all. A product recall or a partially or completely uninsured judgment against us could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We generate agricultural food packaging wastes and are subject to substantial environmental regulation.

 

As a food packager, we regularly dispose of produce wastes (silage) and processing water as well as materials used in plant operation and maintenance, and our plant boilers, which generate heat used in packaging, produce generally small emissions into the air. These activities and operations are regulated by federal and state laws and the respective federal and state environmental agencies. Occasionally, we may be required to remediate conditions found by the regulators to be in violation of environmental law or to contribute to the cost of remediating waste disposal sites, which we neither owned nor operated, but in which, we and other companies deposited waste materials, usually through independent waste disposal companies. Future possible costs of environmental remediation, contributions and penalties could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our production capacity for certain products and commodities is concentrated in a limited number of facilities, exposing us to a material disruption in production in the event that a disaster strikes.

 

We only have four plants that produce fruit products, the largest of which we will cease operations prior to the 2018 production season, and one plant that produces pumpkin products. We have three plants that manufacture empty cans, one with substantially more capacity than the other two, which are not interchangeable since each plant cannot necessarily produce all the can sizes needed. Although we maintain property and business interruption insurance coverage, there can be no assurance that this level of coverage is adequate in the event of a catastrophe or significant disruption at these or other Company facilities. If such an event occurs, it could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We may undertake acquisitions or product innovations and may have difficulties integrating them or may not realize the anticipated benefits.

 

In the future, we may undertake acquisitions of other businesses or introduce new products, although there can be no assurances that these will occur. Such undertakings involve numerous risks and significant investments. There can be no assurance that we will be able to identify and acquire acquisition candidates on favorable terms, to profitably manage or to successfully integrate future businesses it may acquire or new products it may introduce without substantial costs, delays or problems. Any of these outcomes could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are dependent upon a seasonal workforce and our inability to hire sufficient employees may adversely affect our business.

 

At the end of our 2018 fiscal year, we had approximately 4,300 employees of which 3,700 full time and 500 seasonal employees worked in food packaging and 100 employees worked in other activities. During the peak summer harvest period, we hire up to approximately 7,000 seasonal employees to help package fruits and vegetables. If there is an increase to minimum wage rates, this could have a negative impact on costs of operations. Many of our packaging operations are located in rural communities that may not have sufficient labor pools, requiring us to hire employees from other regions. An inability to hire and train sufficient employees during the critical harvest period could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

There may be increased governmental legislative and regulatory activity in reaction to consumer perception related to BPA.

 

There has been continued state legislative activity to ban Bisphenol-A ("BPA") from food contact packaging. These legislative decisions are predominantly driven by consumer perception that BPA may be harmful. These actions have been taken despite the scientific evidence and general consensus of United States and international government agencies that BPA is safe and does not pose a risk to human health. The legislative actions combined with growing public perception about food safety may require us to change some of the materials used as linings in our packaging materials. Failure to do so could result in a loss of sales as well as loss in value of the inventory utilizing BPA containing materials. The Company, in collaboration with other can makers as well as enamel suppliers, has decided to aggressively work to find alternative materials for can linings not manufactured using BPA. However, commercially acceptable alternatives are not immediately available for some applications and there can be no assurance that these steps will be successful. About 4% of our canned product volume (excluding B&G Foods and purchased canned products) still includes BPA.

 

 

The implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011 may affect operations

 

The Food Safety Modernization Act ("FSMA") was enacted with the goal of enabling the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") to better protect public health by strengthening the food safety system. FSMA was designed to focus the efforts of FDA on preventing food safety problems rather than relying primarily on reacting to problems after they occur. The law also provides FDA with new enforcement authorities designed to achieve higher rates of compliance with prevention and risk-based food safety standards and to better respond to and contain problems when they do occur.  The increased inspections, mandatory recall authority of the FDA, increased scrutiny of foreign sourced or supplied food products, and increased records access may have an impact on our business. As we are already in a highly regulated business, operating under the increased scrutiny of more FDA authority does not appear likely to negatively impact our business.  The law also gives FDA important new tools to hold imported foods to the same standards as domestic foods.

 

The Company’s results are dependent on successful marketplace initiatives and acceptance by consumers of the Company’s products.

 

The Company’s product introductions and product improvements, along with its other marketplace initiatives, are designed to capitalize on new customer or consumer trends.  The FDA recently issued a statement on sodium which referred to an Institute of Medicine statement that too much sodium is a major contributor to high blood pressure. Some of our products contain a moderate amount of sodium per recommended serving, which is based on consumer’s preferences for taste.  In order to remain successful, the Company must anticipate and react to these new trends and develop new products or packages to address them. While the Company devotes significant resources to meeting this goal, we may not be successful in developing new products or packages, or our new products or packages may not be accepted by customers or consumers.

 

Regulations related to “conflict minerals” may cause us to incur additional expenses and could limit the supply and increase the cost of certain metals used primarily in manufacturing our canned products.

 

On August 22, 2012, the SEC adopted a new rule requiring disclosures of specified minerals, known as conflict minerals, that are necessary to the functionality or production of products manufactured or contracted to be manufactured by companies filing public reports. The rule, which requires a disclosure report to be filed by May 31 each year, requires companies to perform country of origin inquiries, due diligence as required, disclosure, and reporting whether such minerals originate from the Democratic Republic of Congo or an adjoining country.  The conflict mineral rule could affect sourcing at competitive prices and availability in sufficient quantities of certain minerals, including, tin, which is used primarily in the manufacture of our cans. The number of suppliers, who provide conflict-free minerals in steel production, or other components, may be limited. In addition, there may be significant costs associated with complying with the disclosure requirements, such as costs related to determining the source of certain minerals used in the manufacture of our cans, as well as costs of possible changes to products, packages, or sources of supply as a consequence of such verification activities. Since our supply chain is complex, we may not be able to sufficiently verify the origins of the relevant minerals used in our products through the procedures that we implement, which may hurt our business. In addition, we may encounter significant challenges to satisfy those customers who require that all of the components of our products be certified as conflict-free, which could place us, as well as our competitors, at a disadvantage if we are unable to do so.

 

 

Financing Risks

 

Global economic conditions may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Unfavorable economic conditions, including the impact of recessions in the United States and throughout the world, may negatively affect our business and financial results. These economic conditions could negatively impact (i) consumer demand for our products, (ii) the mix of our products’ sales, (iii) our ability to collect accounts receivable on a timely basis, (iv) the ability of suppliers to provide the materials required in our operations and (v) our ability to obtain financing or to otherwise access the capital markets. The strength of the U.S. dollar versus other world currencies could result in increased competition from imported products and decreased sales to our international customers. A prolonged recession could result in decreased revenue, margins and earnings. Additionally, the economic situation could have an impact on our lenders or customers, causing them to fail to meet their obligations to us. The occurrence of any of these risks could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our ability to manage our working capital and our Revolver is critical to our success.

 

As of March 31, 2018, we had approximately $459.8 million of total indebtedness, including various debt agreements and a $293.5 million outstanding balance on our $400.0 million to $500.0 million revolving credit facility (“Revolver”).  Debt service for fiscal 2019 is $9.8 million. During our second and third fiscal quarters, our operations generally require more cash than is available from operations.  In these circumstances, it is necessary to borrow under our Revolver.  Our ability to obtain financing in the future through credit facilities will be affected by several factors, including our creditworthiness, our ability to operate in a profitable manner and general market and credit conditions.  Significant changes in our business or cash outflows from operations could create a need for additional working capital.  An inability to obtain additional working capital on terms reasonably acceptable to us or access the Revolver would materially and adversely affect our operations. Additionally, if we need to use a portion of our cash flows to pay principal and interest on our debt, it will reduce the amount of money we have for operations, working capital, capital expenditures, expansions, acquisitions or general corporate or other business activities. 

 

Failure to comply with the requirements of our debt agreements and Revolver could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our debt agreements and Revolver contain financial and other restrictive covenants which, among other things, limit our ability to borrow money, including with respect to the refinancing of existing indebtedness. These provisions may limit our ability to conduct our business, take advantage of business opportunities and respond to changing business, market and economic conditions. In addition, they may place us at a competitive disadvantage relative to other companies that may be subject to fewer, if any, restrictions. Failure to comply with the requirements of our Revolver and debt agreements could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. We have pledged our accounts receivable, inventory and the capital stock or other ownership interests that we own in our subsidiaries to secure the credit facility. If a default occurred and was not cured, secured lenders could foreclose on this collateral.

 

 

Risks Relating to Our Stock

 

 

Our existing shareholders, if acting together, may be able to exert control over matters requiring shareholder approval.

 

Holders of our Class B common stock are entitled to one vote per share, while holders of our Class A common stock are entitled to one-twentieth of a vote per share. In addition, holders of our 10% Cumulative Convertible Voting Preferred Stock, Series A, our 10% Cumulative Convertible Voting Preferred Stock, Series B and, solely with respect to the election of directors, our 6% Cumulative Voting Preferred Stock, which we refer to as our voting preferred stock, are entitled to one vote per share. As of March 31, 2018, holders of Class B common stock and voting preferred stock held 88.0% of the combined voting power of all shares of capital stock then outstanding and entitled to vote. These shareholders, if acting together, would be in a position to control the election of our directors and to effect or prevent certain corporate transactions that require majority or supermajority approval of the combined classes, including mergers and other business combinations. This may result in us taking corporate actions that you may not consider to be in your best interest and may affect the price of our common stock.

 

As of March 31, 2018, our current executive officers and directors beneficially owned 12.6% of our outstanding shares of Class A common stock, 52.0% of our outstanding shares of Class B common stock and 53.5% of our voting preferred stock, or 47.7% of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of capital stock. This concentration of voting power may inhibit changes in control of the Company and may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that discourage corporate takeovers.

 

Certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and provisions of the New York Business Corporation Law may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control. Various provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may inhibit changes in control not approved by our directors and may have the effect of depriving shareholders of any opportunity to receive a premium over the prevailing market price of our common stock in the event of an attempted unsolicited takeover. In addition, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. These provisions include:

 

 

a classified board of directors;

     
 

a requirement that special meetings of shareholders be called only by our directors or holders of 25% of the voting power of all shares outstanding and entitled to vote at the meeting;

     
 

our board of directors has the power to classify and reclassify any of our unissued shares of capital stock into shares of capital stock with such preferences, rights, powers and restrictions as the board of directors may determine;

     
 

the affirmative vote of two thirds of the shares present and entitled to vote is required to amend our bylaws or remove a director; and

     
 

under the New York Business Corporation Law, in addition to certain restrictions which may apply to “business combinations” involving us and an “interested shareholder”, a plan for our merger or consolidation must be approved by two-thirds of the votes of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon. See “Our existing shareholders, if acting together, may be able to exert control over matters requiring shareholder approval.” 

 

We do not pay dividends on our common stock and do not expect to pay common dividends in the future.

 

We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock in more than 25 years and we have no intention to do so in the near future. In addition, payment of cash dividends on our common stock is not permitted by the terms of our revolving credit facility.

 

Other Risks

 

Risks Related to Our Restatement.

 

We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. If our remedial measures are insufficient to address the material weakness, or if we otherwise fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, timely file our periodic reports, maintain our reporting status or prevent fraud.

 

In connection with our assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2018, we concluded there was a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting. See Item 9A — “Controls and Procedures.”  Our management or our independent registered public accounting firm may identify other material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting in the future. The existence of internal control material weaknesses may result in current and potential stockholders losing confidence in our financial reporting, which could harm our business, the market price of our common stock, and our ability to retain our current, or obtain new, alliance and collaboration agreements’ with our partners.  In addition, the existence of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting may affect our ability to timely file periodic reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The inability to timely file periodic reports could result in the SEC revoking the registration of our common stock, which would prohibit us from listing or having our stock quoted on The NASDAQ Global Select Market or any other stock exchange. This would have an adverse effect on our business and stock price by limiting the publicly available information regarding us and greatly reducing the ability of our stockholders to sell or trade our common stock.

 

 

Tax legislation could impact future cash flows.

 

The Company uses the Last-In, First-Out (LIFO) method of inventory accounting. As of March 31, 2018, we had a LIFO reserve of $158.8 million, which, at the U.S. corporate tax rates (federal and state), represents approximately $39.7 million of income taxes, payment of which is delayed to future dates based upon changes in inventory costs. From time-to-time, discussions regarding changes in U.S. tax laws have included the potential of LIFO being repealed. Should LIFO be repealed, the $39.7 million of postponed taxes, plus any future benefit realized prior to the date of repeal, would likely have to be repaid over some period of time. Repayment of these postponed taxes will reduce the amount of cash that we would have available to fund our operations, working capital, capital expenditures, expansions, acquisitions or general corporate or other business activities. This could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The impact of the U.S. Tax Cut and Jobs Act signed into law on December 22, 2017 on our reported results for fiscal 2018 and beyond may differ from the estimates provided in this report due to changes in interpretations and assumptions we have made, guidance that may be issued and the other actions we may take as a result of the new tax law different from that currently contemplated.

 

 

The tax status of our insurance subsidiary could be challenged resulting in an acceleration of income tax payments.

 

In conjunction with our workers’ compensation program, we operate a wholly owned insurance subsidiary, Dundee Insurance Company, Inc. We recognize this subsidiary as an insurance company for federal income tax purposes with respect to our consolidated federal income tax return. In the event the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) were to determine that this subsidiary does not qualify as an insurance company, we could be required to make accelerated income tax payments to the IRS that we otherwise would have deferred until future periods.

 

 

Item 1B

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

The Company does not have any unresolved comments from the SEC staff regarding its periodic or current reports under the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

Item 2

 

Properties

 

The following table details the Company’s manufacturing plants and warehouses:

 

 

 

Manufacturing Plants and Warehouses

               
                 
   

Square

         
   

Footage

   

Acres

 
   

('000)

         

Food Group

               

Modesto, California

    2,219       114  

Nampa, Idaho

    240       16  

Payette, Idaho

    392       43  

Princeville, Illinois

    286       478  

East Bernstadt, Kentucky

    246       15  

Hart, Michigan

    179       91  

Traverse City, Michigan

    58       43  

Blue Earth, Minnesota

    286       350  

Glencoe, Minnesota

    646       1,278  

LeSueur, Minnesota

    82       7  

Montgomery, Minnesota

    552       1,005  

Rochester, Minnesota

    1,078       840  

Geneva, New York

    769       602  

Leicester, New York

    200       91  

Marion, New York

    348       181  

Dayton, Oregon

    82       19  

Salem, Oregon

    469       22  

Lebanon, Pennsylvania

    138       16  

Dayton, Washington

    246       28  

Sunnyside, Washington

    570       50  

Yakima, Washington

    122       8  

Baraboo, Wisconsin

    584       11  

Cambria, Wisconsin

    412       406  

Clyman, Wisconsin

    435       724  

Cumberland, Wisconsin

    389       305  

Gillett, Wisconsin

    324       105  

Janesville, Wisconsin

    1,201       302  

Mayville, Wisconsin

    297       367  

Oakfield, Wisconsin

    229       2,277  

Ripon, Wisconsin

    589       75  
                 

Non-Food Group

               

Penn Yan, New York

    27       4  
                 

Total

    13,695       9,873  

 

 

These facilities primarily package various fruit and vegetable products. Most of the facilities are owned by the Company. The Company is a lessee under a number of operating leases and a capital lease for equipment and real property used for packaging and warehousing. The Company announced that it will cease production and close its Modesto, California plant prior to the 2018 production season.

 

The Company believes that these facilities are suitable and adequate for the purposes for which they are currently intended. All locations, although highly utilized, have the ability to expand as sales requirements justify. Because of the seasonal production cycles, the exact extent of utilization is difficult to measure. In certain circumstances, the theoretical full efficiency levels are being reached; however, expansion of the number of production days or hours could increase the output by up to 20% for a season.

 

Certain of the Company’s facilities are mortgaged to financial institutions to secure long-term debt. See Notes 4, 5 and 6 of Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, for additional information about the Company’s long-term debt and lease commitments.

 

 

Item 3

 

Legal Proceedings

 

See Note 14, "Legal Proceedings and Other Contingencies" to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplemental Data.

 

See also Item 1, Business -- Environmental Regulation, for information regarding environmental legal proceedings.

 

 

Item 4

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable.

 

 

PART II

 

Item 5

 

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Security Holder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Each class of preferred stock receives preference as to dividend payment and declaration over any common stock. In addition, refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, “Shareholder Information and Quarterly Results”, which is incorporated by reference.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

On August 10, 2007, the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2007 Equity Plan”) was approved by shareholders at the Company’s annual meeting. The 2007 Equity Plan had a 10-year term and in 2018 was extended for an additional ten years, and authorized the issuance of up to 100,000 shares of either Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock or a combination of the two classes of stock. 3,408 shares were awarded in fiscal year 2018 under the terms of the 2007 Equity Plan. As of March 31, 2018, there were 62,240 shares available for distribution as part of future awards under the 2007 Equity Plan. No additional shares have been awarded under the 2007 Equity Plan through the date of this Form 10-K filing. 

 

There are no equity compensation plans not approved by the Company’s shareholders.

 

Common Stock Performance Graph

 

Refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, “Shareholder Information and Quarterly Results”, which is incorporated by reference.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

 

               

Maximum Number (or

               

Approximate Dollar

 

Total Number of Shares

 

Average Price Paid per

Total Number of Shares

Value) of Shares that

 

Purchased (1)

 

Share

Purchased as Part of

May Yet Be Purchased

 

Class A

Class B

 

Class A

 

Class B

Publicly Announced

Under the Plans or

Period

Common

Common

 

Common

 

Common

Plans or Programs (2)

Programs (2)

1/01/18 - 1/31/18

-

-

$

-

$

-

-

 

2/01/18 - 2/28/18

27,983

-

$

31.50

$

-

-

 

3/01/18 - 3/31/18

 7,988

-

$

29.43

$

-

-

 

Total

 35,971

-

$

31.03

$

-

-

1,066,158

 

(1)

No shares were purchased under the Company's share repurchase program. The purchases were made in open market transactions by the Trustees of the Seneca Foods Corporation Employees' Savings Plan, matching Trustees of Dundee Insurance Company, Inc. and the Seneca Foods, L.L.C. 401(k) Retirement Savings Plan to provide employee contributions under the Plans.

(2)

In 2012 the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of the Company's stock. The number of shares authorized for repurchase has been increased from time to time, most recently on March 10, 2015 when the repurchase program was increased to 2,500,000 shares. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has purchased 1,433,842 shares and there remains 1,066,158 shares available to purchase under the program.

 

 

Item 6

 

Selected Financial Data

 

Refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, “Five Year Selected Financial Data”, which is incorporated by reference.

 

 

Item 7

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, which is incorporated by reference.

 

 

Item 7A

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk”, which is incorporated by reference.

 

 

Item 8

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

Refer to the information in the 2018 Annual Report, "Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto including Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm," which is incorporated by reference.

 

Item 9

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

 

Item 9A

 

Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in the Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) required by Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(b) or 15d-15(b), our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as a result of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting discussed below.

 

Changes in internal controls. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) that occurred during our most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Material Weakness. In reviewing the accounting for certain transactions related to the Company’s bill and hold revenue recognition for the Green Giant contract, our management identified a deficiency in our internal control over financial reporting that is described in Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting below. Our management has concluded that this deficiency constitutes a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. We also developed a remediation plan for this material weakness, which is also described below.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework and criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In conducting the Company's evaluation of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting, the Company excluded the acquisition of Truitt Bros., Inc. (Truitt) which was completed April 3, 2017. Truitt constituted 5.2% of total assets as of March 31, 2018, and 7.0% of revenues  respectively, for the year then ended March 31, 2018. Refer to Note 3, Acquisition to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the Truitt acquisition and its impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. Based on its evaluation, our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of March 31, 2018, due to the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting discussed below. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

In reviewing the accounting for certain transactions related to the Company’s contract packing agreement, the Green Giant contract, our management identified a deficiency in the effectiveness of a control intended to properly document and review relevant facts in connection with our revenue recognition policy with respect to bill and hold transactions. The Company has determined that (1) the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended March 31, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 and the independent registered public accounting firm’s reports thereon and (2) the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for each of the interim periods within the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2018 should be restated to correct inadvertent errors in the application of generally accepted accounting principles dealing with complex and technical accounting issues relating to “bill and hold” revenue recognition.  This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes expanded financial information and other disclosures in lieu of filing separate amended annual reports for the affected periods. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Standards require that a restatement of financial statements be regarded as a significant deficiency in internal control over financial reporting and a strong indicator of a material weakness. Consistent with these standards, management has concluded that the restatements of its consolidated financial statements constitutes a material weakness.

 

The Company's independent registered public accountant has issued its report on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting.  The report appears on the next page.

 

Remediation Plan. Management has begun implementing a remediation plan to address the control deficiency that led to the material weakness. The remediation plan includes the following:

 

 

 

Implementing specific review procedures designed to enhance our revenue recognition control; and

 

 

Strengthening our revenue recognition control with improved documentation standards, technical oversight and training.

 

 

We currently plan to have our enhanced review procedures and documentation standards in place and operating in the first quarter of Fiscal 2019. Our goal is to remediate this material weakness by the end of Fiscal 2019, subject to there being sufficient opportunities to conclude, through testing, that the enhanced control is operating effectively.

 

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Shareholders and Board of Directors

Seneca Foods Corporation

Marion, New York

 

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

We have audited Seneca Foods Corporation’s (the “Company’s”) internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the “COSO criteria”). In our opinion, the Company did not maintain, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2018, based on the COSO criteria.

 

We do not express an opinion or any other form of assurance on management’s statements referring to any corrective actions taken by the Company after the date of management’s assessment.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2018 and 2017, the related consolidated statements of net (loss) earnings, comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as “the financial statements”) and our report dated June 29, 2018, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Item 9A, Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit of internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. A material weakness regarding management’s failure to design and maintain controls over bill and hold revenue recognition has been identified and described in management’s assessment. This material weakness was considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the 2018 financial statements, and this report does not affect our report dated June 29, 2018 on those financial statements.

 

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

 

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 

June 29, 2018

 

 

 

 

Item 9B

 

Other Information

 

None.

 

 

PART III

 

Item 10

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

The information regarding directors is incorporated herein by reference from the section entitled “Information Concerning Directors” in the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement (“Proxy Statement”) to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, for the Company’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on July 27, 2018. The Proxy Statement will be filed within 120 days after the end of the Company’s fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.

 

The information regarding executive officers is incorporated herein by reference from the section entitled “Executive Officers” in the Proxy Statement.

 

The information regarding compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act is incorporated herein by reference from the section entitled “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the Proxy Statement.

 

Information regarding the Company’s code of business conduct and ethics found in the subsection captioned “Available Information” in Item 1 of Part I hereof is also incorporated herein by reference into this Item 10.

 

The information regarding the Company’s audit committee, its members and the audit committee financial experts is incorporated herein by reference from the subsection entitled “Audit Committee” in the section entitled “Board Governance” in the Proxy Statement.

 

 

Item 11

 

Executive Compensation

 

The information included under the following captions in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference: “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Summary Compensation Table,” “Grants of Plan-Based Awards in Fiscal Year 2018,” “Outstanding Equity Awards at 2018 Fiscal Year-End,” “Stock Vested in Fiscal Year 2018,” “Pension Benefits,” “Compensation of Directors” and “Compensation Committee Interlocks.” The information included under the heading “Compensation Committee Report” in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference; however, this information shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

Item 12

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Information regarding security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated herein by reference from the sections entitled “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners” and “Security Ownership of Management and Directors” in the Proxy Statement.

 

 

Item 13

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

The information regarding transactions with related parties and director independence is incorporated herein by reference from the sections entitled “Independent Directors” and “Certain Transactions and Relationships” in the Proxy Statement.

 

 

 

 

Item 14

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The information regarding principal accountant fees and services is incorporated herein by reference from the section entitled “Principal Accountant Fees and Services” in the Proxy Statement.

 

 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

 

A.

Exhibits, Financial Statements, and Supplemental Schedule

 

 

1.

Financial Statements - the following consolidated financial statements of the Registrant, included in the 2018 Annual Report, are incorporated by reference in Item 8:

 

Consolidated Statements of Net Earnings (Loss) – Years ended March 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) – Years ended March 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets - March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years ended March 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity – Years ended March 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – Years ended March 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

  Pages

 

 

2.

Supplemental Schedule:

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Schedule  19
Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts  20

 

Other schedules have not been filed because the conditions requiring the filing do not exist or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto.

 

 

3.

Exhibits:

 

Exhibit Number         Description

 

 

3.1

The Company’s restated Certificate of Incorporation, (incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 11, 2010).

 

 

3.2

The Company’s Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q/A filed August 18, 1995 for the quarter ended July 1, 1995).

 

 

3.3

Amendment to the Company’s Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 6, 2007).

 

 

10.1

Third Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement dated as of July 5, 2016 by and among Seneca Foods Corporation, Seneca Foods, LLC, Seneca Snack Company, Green Valley Foods, LLC and certain other subsidiaries of Seneca Foods Corporation, the financial institutions party thereto as lenders, Bank of America, N.A., as agent, issuing bank, syndication agent, and lead arranger (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated July 5, 2016).

 

 

10.2

The Loan Agreement as of December 9, 2016 by and among Seneca Foods Corporation, Seneca Foods, LLC, Seneca Snack Company, Green Valley Foods, LLC and certain other subsidiaries of Seneca Foods Corporation and Farm Credit East, ACA (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated December 9, 2016).

 

 

10.3

Indemnification Agreement between the Company and the directors of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10 to the Company’s Annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2002).

 

 

10.4*

Seneca Foods Corporation Executive Profit Sharing Bonus Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 27, 2017).

 

 

10.5*

Seneca Foods Corporation Manager Profit Sharing Bonus Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 27, 2017).

 

 

 

13

The material contained in the 2018 Annual Report to Shareholders under the following headings: “Five Year Selected Financial Data”, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto including Independent Auditors’ Report, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk”, and “Shareholder Information and Quarterly Results” (filed herewith).

 

 

21

List of Subsidiaries (filed herewith).

 

 

23

Consent of BDO USA, LLP (filed herewith).

 

 

31.1

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

31.2

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

32

Certifications pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

101

The following materials from Seneca Foods Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) consolidated balance sheets, (ii) consolidated statements of net earnings, (iii) consolidated statements of comprehensive income, (iv) consolidated statements of cash flows, (v) consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity and (vi) the notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

* Indicates management or compensatory agreement

 

 

 

Item 16

 

Form 10-K Summary

 

 

 

None.

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

 

Shareholders and Board of Directors

Seneca Foods Corporation

Marion, New York

 

The audits referred to in our report dated June 29, 2018 relating to the consolidated financial statements of Seneca Foods Corporation, which is incorporated in Item 8 of Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2018 by reference to the annual report to shareholders for the year ended March 31, 2018  also included the audit of the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index. This financial statement schedule is the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this financial statement schedule based on our audits.

 

In our opinion, such financial statement schedule, when read in connection with the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

 

 

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
June 29, 2018

 

Schedule II

VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS

(In thousands)

 

   

Balance at

   

Charged/

   

Charged to

   

Deductions

     

Balance

 
   

beginning

   

(credited)

   

other

   

from

     

at end

 
   

of period

   

to income

   

accounts

   

reserve

     

of period

 
                                           

Year-ended March 31, 2018:

                                         

Allowance for doubtful accounts

  $ 50     $ 33     $     $ (27 ) (a)    $ 56  

Income tax valuation allowance

  $ 1,891     $ 1,396     $ 601     $ (23 )     $ 3,865  
                                           

Year-ended March 31, 2017:

                                         

Allowance for doubtful accounts

  $ 111     $ (61 )  

$

    $   (a)    $ 50  

Income tax valuation allowance

  $ 1,861     $ 17     $ 118    

$

(105 )     $ 1,891  
                                           

Year-ended March 31, 2016:

                                         

Allowance for doubtful accounts

  $ 145     $ (47 )   $     $ 13   (a)    $ 111  

Income tax valuation allowance

  $ 1,787     $ 74     $     $       $ 1,861  

 

(a) Accounts written off, net of recoveries.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

SENECA FOODS CORPORATION

 

/s/Timothy J. Benjamin 

Timothy J. Benjamin 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial

Officer and Treasurer

June 29, 2018

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:

 

Signature

 

Title

 

Date

         

/s/Arthur S. Wolcott

 

Chairman and Director

 

June 29, 2018

Arthur S. Wolcott        
         
         

/s/Kraig H. Kayser

 

President, Chief

 

June 29, 2018

Kraig H. Kayser  

Executive Officer,

Director

   
         

/s/Timothy J. Benjamin 

 

Senior Vice President,

 

June 29, 2018

Timothy J. Benjamin  

Chief Financial Officer

and Treasurer

   
         

/s/Jeffrey L. Van Riper

 

Vice President,

 

June 29, 2018

Jeffrey L. Van Riper  

Controller,  and

Secretary (Principal

Accounting Officer) 

   
         

/s/Arthur H. Baer

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Arthur H. Baer

       
         

/s/Peter R. Call

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Peter R. Call

       
         

/s/John P. Gaylord 

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

John P. Gaylord        
         

/s/Susan A. Henry

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Susan A. Henry

       
         

/s/Samuel T. Hubbard, Jr.

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Samuel T. Hubbard, Jr.

       
         

/s/Thomas Paulson 

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Thomas Paulson

       
         

/s/Susan W. Stuart

 

Director

 

June 29, 2018

Susan W. Stuart

       

 

21

EX-13 2 ex_116896.htm EXHIBIT 13 senea20180331_10k.htm
 

Exhibit 13

 

 

Five Year Selected Financial Data

 

Summary of Operations and Financial Condition

(In thousands of dollars, except per share data and ratios)

 

Years ended March 31,

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016 (a)

   

2015

   

2014

 
              (Restated)(e)       (Restated)(e)       (Restated)(e)       (Restated)(e)  
                                         

Net sales

  $ 1,314,765     $ 1,262,198     $ 1,279,567     $ 1,283,426     $ 1,340,001  
                                         

Operating (loss) income before interest (b)

  $ (5,267 )   $ 34,742     $ 91,731     $ 27,819     $ 20,288  

Interest expense, net

    15,037       9,672       8,044       6,862       7,564  

Net (loss) earnings (b)

    (13,811 )     15,895       56,399       14,453       10,962  
                                         

Basic (loss) earnings per common share (b)

  $ (1.41 )   $ 1.61     $ 5.65     $ 1.34     $ 0.98  

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share (b)

    (1.41 )     1.60       5.61       1.32       0.97  
                                         

Working capital

  $ 583,658     $ 541,385     $ 254,200     $ 449,265     $ 433,937  

Inventories

    680,828       628,935       609,481       512,844       496,250  

Net property, plant, and equipment

    277,025       237,476       188,837       185,557       183,917  

Total assets

    1,070,431       978,268       944,991       855,257       825,895  

Long-term debt less current portion

    414,132       329,138       35,967       271,634       216,239  

Stockholders’ equity

    396,930       425,204       392,835       337,450       374,798  
                                         

Additions to property, plant, and equipment

  $ 32,789     $ 32,512     $ 9,966     $ 23,734     $ 19,448  
                                         

Net (loss) earnings/average equity

    (3.4 )%     3.9 %     15.4 %     4.1 %     3.0 %

(Loss) earnings before taxes/sales

    (1.5 )%     2.0 %     6.5 %     1.7 %     0.9 %

Net (loss) earnings/sales

    (1.1 )%     1.3 %     4.4 %     1.1 %     0.8 %

Long-term debt/equity (c)

    113.4 %     85.4 %     10.4 %     80.5 %     57.7 %

Total debt/equity ratio

 

1.7:1

   

1.3:1

   

1.4:1

   

1.5:1

   

1.2:1

 

Current ratio

 

4.0:1

   

4.1:1

   

1.6:1

   

3.4:1

   

3.0:1

 
                                         

Total stockholders’ equity per equivalent common share (d)

  $ 40.30     $ 42.72     $ 39.40     $ 33.40     $ 33.57  

Stockholders’ equity per common share

    40.66       43.27       39.90       33.89       34.37  

Class A Global Market System closing price range

    38.15-27.60       42.65-27.03       35.78-25.85       32.65-25.06       36.07-27.80  

Class B Global Market System closing price range

    39.00-29.30       46.00-32.89       44.88-32.00       41.00-27.91       36.29-27.42  

Common cash dividends declared per share

    -       -       -       -       -  

Price earnings ratio

    -       22.9       6.5       23.2       32.1  

 

(a)

The fiscal 2016 financial results include five months and one month of operating activity related to the Gray and Diana acquisitions, respectively.

(b)

The effect of using the LIFO inventory valuation method in Fiscal 2018 was to reduce operating earnings by $15.0 million and net earnings by $11.2 million or $1.15 per share ($1.15 diluted). The effect of using the LIFO inventory valuation method in fiscal 2017 was to increase operating earnings by $10.0 million and net earnings by $6.6 million or $0.67 per share ($0.67 diluted). The effect of using the LIFO inventory valuation method in fiscal 2016 was to increase operating earnings by $27.7 million and net earnings by $18.0 million or $1.81 per share ($1.79 diluted). The effect of using the LIFO inventory valuation method in fiscal 2015 was to reduce operating earnings by $4.2 million and net earnings by $2.7 million or $0.25 per share ($0.25 diluted). The effect of using the LIFO inventory valuation method in fiscal 2014 was to reduce operating earnings by $25.1 million and net earnings by $16.3 million or $1.47 per share ($1.46 diluted).

(c)

The long-term debt to equity percentage for fiscal 2018, 2017, 2015 and 2014 include the Revolving Credit Facility as discussed in Note 5, Long-Term Debt. During fiscal 2016, the Revolving Credit Facility was included in current liabilities. If calculated on a comparable basis to other fiscal years, the fiscal 2016 percentage would be 77.2%.

(d)

Equivalent common shares are either common shares or, for convertible preferred shares, the number of common shares that the preferred shares are convertible into. See Note 8 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for conversion details.

(e) For information regarding the background of the restatement see Note 2 of the accompanying  Financial Statements.

 

1

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

OVERVIEW 

 

Our Business 

 

Seneca Foods is one of North America’s leading providers of packaged fruits and vegetables, with facilities located throughout the United States. Its high quality products are primarily sourced from over 2,000 American farms.

 

Seneca holds a large share of the retail private label, food service, and export canned vegetable markets, distributing to over 90 countries.   Products are also sold under the highly regarded brands of Libby’s®, Aunt Nellie’s®, Green Valley®, READ®, Cherryman® and Seneca labels, including Seneca snack chips.  In addition, Seneca provides vegetable products under a contract packing agreement with B&G Foods North America, under the Green Giant label.

 

During 2014, the Company acquired a 50% equity interest in Truitt Bros., Inc. (“Truitt”) which was accounted for as an equity interest. During 2018, the Company purchased the remaining 50% equity interest in Truitt. Truitt is known for its industry innovation related to packing shelf stable foods in trays, pouches and bowls. The business, based in Salem, Oregon, has two state-of-the-art plants located in Oregon and Kentucky.

 

The Company’s business strategies are designed to grow the Company’s market share and enhance the Company’s sales and margins and include: 1) expanding the Company’s leadership in the packaged fruit and vegetable industry; 2) providing low cost, high quality fruit and vegetable products to consumers through the elimination of costs from the Company’s supply chain and investment in state-of-the-art production and logistical technology; 3) focusing on growth opportunities to capitalize on higher expected returns; and 4) pursuing strategic acquisitions that leverage the Company’s core competencies.

 

All references to years are fiscal years ended March 31 unless otherwise indicated.

 

Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements

 

On June 28, 2018, the Company concluded that it did not meet all of the criteria for bill and hold treatment under Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 13 for the Green Giant contract. In particular, the Company determined that performance obligations were not complete at the time title transferred to the customer as the unlabeled products under this contract were not ready for shipment. The Company has determined that the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended March 31, 2016 and 2017 and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for each of the interim periods within the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2018 should be restated to correct these inadvertent errors in the application of generally accepted accounting principles dealing with complex and technical accounting issues relating to “bill and hold” revenue recognition. 

 

See Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary of the effects of the restatement on the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Net Earnings (Loss), Consolidated Balance Sheets, Consolidated Statement of Stockholder’s Equity and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

 

Restructuring 

 

During 2018, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $10.0 million mostly related to the closing of the Modesto plant in the West ($5.4 million related to operating lease termination costs and $4.1 million related to a pension termination cost), of which $0.7 million was related to severance cost ($0.6 million related to Modesto) and the balance for a plant in the Midwest and Northwest. In addition, there was a true-up credit mostly related to long-lived asset charges (fixed asset impairment) of a credit of $0.4 million and other costs for various equipment transfers of a charge of $0.1 million.

 

During 2017, the Company increased the costs related to the closing of the plant in the Northwest, started in 2016, by $0.5 million, mostly related to operating equipment move costs partially offset by an adjustment to a lease liability. In addition, in 2017 the Company incurred $1.3 million related to severance costs for a plant in the West.

 

During 2016, the Company recorded a restructuring charge of $10.4 million related to the closing of a plant in the Northwest of which $0.2 million was related to severance cost, $5.1 million was related to asset impairments (contra fixed assets), and $5.1 million was related to other costs ($3.6 related to operating lease costs). During 2016, the Company reduced the costs of a plant closing in the Midwest, started in 2015, by $0.1 million, mostly related to severance costs.

 

These charges are included under Plant Restructuring in the Consolidated Statements of Net Earnings (Loss).

 

2

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Divestitures, Other Charges and Credits 

 

Other operating income in 2018 includes an acquisition bargain purchase gain of $1.8 million, a gain on the sale of a plant of $1.1 million and a gain on the partial sale of a plant of $0.4 million. The Company also recorded a gain of $0.4 million on the sale of fixed assets.

 

Other operating expense in 2017 includes a charge for $1.2 million related to costs incurred due to some roof collapses at a Northwest plant as a result of heavy snowfall. In addition, there was a charge for an impairment of a long-term asset of $1.1 million. The Company also recorded a loss of $0.2 million on the sale of fixed assets.

 

Other operating income in 2016 included a gain of $24.3 million related to a contractual payment received in conjunction with a relationship transfer agreement with General Mills. The Company reversed a provision for the Prop 65 litigation of $0.2 million and reduced an environmental accrual by $0.1 million. The Company also recorded a gain of $0.4 million from the sale of other fixed assets.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources 

 

The Company’s primary cash requirements are to make payments on the Company’s debt, finance seasonal working capital needs and to make capital expenditures. Internally generated funds and amounts available under the revolving credit facility are the Company’s primary sources of liquidity, although the Company believes it has the ability to raise additional capital by issuing additional stock, if it desires.

 

Revolving Credit Facility 

 

The Company completed the closing of a five-year revolving credit facility (“Revolver”) on July 5, 2016. Maximum borrowings under the Revolver total $400.0 million from April through July and $500.0 million from August through March.  The Revolver balance as of March 31, 2018 was $293.5 million and is included in Long-Term Debt in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet due to the Revolver’s July 5, 2021 maturity. In order to maintain availability of funds under the facility, the Company pays a commitment fee on the unused portion of the Revolver. The Revolver is secured by the Company’s accounts receivable and inventories and contains a financial covenant and borrowing base requirements. The Company utilizes its Revolver for general corporate purposes, including seasonal working capital needs, to pay debt principal and interest obligations, and to fund capital expenditures and acquisitions. Seasonal working capital needs are affected by the growing cycles of the vegetables and fruits the Company packages. The majority of vegetable and fruit inventories are produced during the months of June through November and are then sold over the following year. Payment terms for vegetable and fruit produce are generally three months but can vary from a few days to seven months. Accordingly, the Company’s need to draw on the Revolver may fluctuate significantly throughout the year.

 

The Company believes that cash flows from operations and availability under its new Revolver will provide adequate funds for the Company’s working capital needs, planned capital expenditures and debt service obligations for at least the next 12 months.

 

Seasonality 

 

The Company’s revenues typically are higher in the second and third fiscal quarter due to increased retail sales during the holiday season.

 

3

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

The seasonality of the Company’s business is illustrated by the following table:

 

   

First

Quarter

   

Second

Quarter

   

Third

Quarter

   

Fourth

Quarter

 
   

(In thousands)

 

Year ended March 31, 2018:

    (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)          

Net sales

  $ 288,927     $ 338,470     $ 387,689     $ 299,679  

Gross margin

    15,535       17,411       30,501     $ 11,140  

Net (loss) earnings

    (980 )     (2,958 )     4,377       (14,250 )

Inventories (at quarter end)

    655,419       859,146       770,702       680,828  

Revolver outstanding (at quarter end)

    226,010       272,609       290,196       293,459  
                                 

Year ended March 31, 2017:

    (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)  

Net sales

  $ 272,135     $ 352,606     $ 356,767     $ 280,690  

Gross margin

    21,955       31,025       37,926     $ 21,098  

Net (loss) earnings

    965       6,821       7,789       320  

Inventories (at quarter end)

    611,063       801,684       699,445       628,935  

Revolver outstanding (at quarter end)

    264,000       342,935       232,586       214,781  

 

4

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Short-Term Borrowings

 

During 2017, the Company entered into some interim lease notes which financed down payments for various equipment orders at market rates. As of March 31, 2017, these interim notes had not been converted into operating leases since the equipment was not yet delivered. These notes, which total $0.2 million as of March 31, 2017, are included in notes payable in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of March 31, 2018 the notes were converted into operating leases.

 

The maximum level of short-term borrowings during 2018 was affected by the acquisition of Truitt using $14.4 million in cash and the higher inventory due to the large pack totaling $25.8 million. The maximum level of short-term borrowings during 2017 was affected by the new $100.0 million unsecured term loan partially offset by higher inventory due to the large pack totaling $30.3 million. Details of the acquisition is outlined in Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

General terms of the Revolver include payment of interest at LIBOR plus an agreed upon spread.

 

The following table documents the quantitative data for Short-Term Borrowings during 2018 and 2017:

 

   

Fourth Quarter

   

Year Ended

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 
   

(In Thousands)

 

Reported end of period:

                               

Revolver outstanding

  $ 293,459     $ 214,781     $ 293,459     $ 214,781  

Weighted average interest rate

    3.35 %     2.22 %     3.35 %     2.22 %

Reported during period:

                               

Maximum Revolver

  $ 312,917     $ 245,857     $ 312,917     $ 361,800  

Average Revolver outstanding

  $ 300,075     $ 231,946     $ 259,792     $ 275,647  

Weighted average interest rate

    3.16 %     2.12 %     2.76 %     1.93 %

 

Long-Term Debt 

 

At March 31, 2018, the Company has two mortgages outstanding for $9.5 million. On December 9, 2016, the Company entered into a $100.0 million unsecured term loan with a maturity date of December 9, 2021. As discussed in Note 4 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company classified its Revolver balance as long-term debt at March 31, 2018 and 2017. On August 16, 2016, the Company paid off four industrial revenue bonds ("IRBs"), totaling $22.6 million. The Company assumed a tax-exempt bond with the Truitt acquisition on April 1, 2018 for $10.0 million with a maturity date of October 1, 2032. The Company did not issue any significant long-term debt in 2016, other than the Revolver.

 

5

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Restrictive Covenants 

 

The Company’s debt agreements, including the Revolver and term loan, contain covenants that restrict the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends on the Company’s capital stock, make other restricted payments, including investments, sell the Company’s assets, incur liens, transfer all or substantially all of the Company’s assets and enter into consolidations or mergers. The Company’s debt agreements also require the Company to meet certain financial covenants, including a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a minimum interest coverage ratio and minimum tangible net worth. The Revolver also contains borrowing base requirements related to accounts receivable and inventories. These financial requirements and ratios generally become more restrictive over time and are subject to allowances for seasonal fluctuations. The most restrictive financial covenant in the debt agreements is the interest coverage ratio within the Farm Credit term loan which for 2018 was defined as greater than 4 to 1. However, this covenant was updated in connection with an amendment on June 18, 2018.  The interest coverage ratio will be 1.1 to 1.0 through December 31, 2018,  2.0 to 1.0 from March 31, 2019, through September 30, 2019 and 4.0 to 1.0, thereafter. The Company computes its financial covenants as if the Company were on the FIFO method of inventory accounting. The Company has met or has received a waiver/amendment for all such financial covenants as of March 31, 2018.

 

Capital Expenditures 

 

Capital expenditures in 2018 totaled $32.7 million and there were two major projects in 2018 as follows: 1) $2.8 million for the expansion of a production line in Princeville, Illinois, and 2) $3.4 million for a warehouse in Payette, Idaho. In addition, there were lease buyouts, equipment replacements and other improvements in 2018. Capital expenditures in 2017 totaled $32.1 million and there were two major projects in 2017 as follows: 1) $2.0 million to purchase land in Princeville, Illinois, and 2) $4.8 million to buy fixed assets of a seed processing facility in Nampa, Idaho. Capital expenditures in 2016 totaled $9.9 million and were equipment replacements and other improvements, and cost saving projects but no major projects in 2016.

 

Accounts Receivable 

 

In 2018, accounts receivable increased by $6.7 million or 9.3% versus 2017, due to higher sales volume in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to 2017 and the Truitt business we acquired in April 2017. In 2017, accounts receivable decreased by $4.7 million or 6.1% versus 2016, due to the impact of decreased sales volume in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared to 2016.

 

Inventories 

 

In 2018, inventories increased by $51.9 million primarily reflecting the effect of higher finished goods quantities (including Truitt inventories) and higher work in process quantities partially offset by the $15.0 million LIFO reserve increase. The LIFO reserve balance was $158.8 million at March 31, 2018 versus $143.8 million at the prior year end. The LIFO reserve increased as a result of higher input costs in 2018.

 

In 2017, inventories increased by $19.4 million primarily reflecting the effect of higher finished goods quantities and higher work in process quantities. The LIFO reserve balance was $143.8 million at March 31, 2017 versus $153.9 million at the prior year end.

 

The Company believes that the use of the LIFO method better matches current costs with current revenues.

 

6

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies 

 

The Company recognizes revenue when it’s realized or realizable and has been earned.  Revenue is recognized when there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, the sales price is determinable, collectability is reasonable assured, and shipment or delivery has occurred or services have been rendered

 

Trade promotions are an important component of the sales and marketing of the Company’s branded products and are critical to the support of the business. Trade promotion costs, which are recorded as a reduction of net sales, include amounts paid to encourage retailers to offer temporary price reductions for the sale of the Company’s products to consumers, amounts paid to obtain favorable display positions in retail stores, and amounts paid to retailers for shelf space in retail stores. Accruals for trade promotions are recorded primarily at the time of sale of product to the retailer based on expected levels of performance. Settlement of these liabilities typically occurs in subsequent periods primarily through an authorized process for deductions taken by a retailer from amounts otherwise due to the Company. As a result, the ultimate cost of a trade promotion program is dependent on the relative success of the events and the actions and level of deductions taken by retailers for amounts they consider due to them. Final determination of the permissible deductions may take extended periods of time.

 

The Company assesses its long-lived assets for impairment whenever there is an indicator of impairment. Property, plant, and equipment are depreciated over their assigned lives. The assigned lives and the projected cash flows used to test impairment are subjective. If actual lives are shorter than anticipated or if future cash flows are less than anticipated, a future impairment charge or a loss on disposal of the assets could be incurred. Impairment losses are evaluated if the estimated undiscounted value of the cash flows is less than the carrying value. If such is the case, a loss is recognized when the carrying value of an asset exceeds its fair value.

 

Obligations and Commitments 

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company was obligated to make cash payments in connection with its debt, operating and capital leases, and purchase commitments. The effect of these obligations and commitments on the Company’s liquidity and cash flows in future periods are listed below. All of these arrangements require cash payments over varying periods of time. Certain of these arrangements are cancelable on short notice and others require additional payments as part of any early termination. The interest rate used for variable rate debt is the current year average.

 

   

Contractual Obligations

         
   

March 31, 2018

         
                                         
                           

2024    

         
   

2019

      2020-21       2022-23    

and beyond

   

Total

 
   

(In thousands)

 

Long-term debt (largely variable rate)

  $ 3,702     $ 8,735     $ 395,197     $ 10,200     $ 417,834  

Interest

    13,589       25,813       7,275       3,154       49,831  

Operating lease obligations

    36,459       56,728       26,098       4,369       123,654  

Purchase commitments

    114,296                         114,296  

Capital lease obligations

    7,679       15,357       15,356       9,744       48,136  

Total

  $ 175,725     $ 106,633     $ 443,926     $ 27,467     $ 753,751  

 

In addition, the Company’s defined benefit plan has an unfunded pension liability of $23.3 million which is subject to certain actuarial assumptions. The unfunded status increased by $15.1 million during 2018 reflecting the actual fair value of plan assets and the projected benefit obligation as of March 31, 2018. This unfunded status increase was recognized via the actual gain on plan assets and the increase in accumulated other comprehensive loss of $11.7 million after the income tax expense of $3.9 million. The increase in projected benefit obligation was a function of using the full yield curve approach, a decrease in the discount rate from 4.35% to 4.14% and the change to using an updated mortality table. During 2018, the Company converted to the 2006 base rates from the RP-2016 mortality study with the Blue Collar adjustment, with a generational projection of future mortality improvements from 2006 using Scale MP-2017 for calculating the pension obligation in 2018 and the related pension expense in 2019. Effective March 31, 2016, the Company elected to change the approach used to calculate the service and interest cost components of the net periodic benefit cost for its pension and postretirement benefit plans to provide a more precise measurement of service and interest costs. Historically the Company calculated the service and interest cost components utilizing a single weighted-average discount rate derived from the yield curve used to measure the benefit obligation at the beginning of the period. Now the new estimate utilizes a full yield curve approach in the estimation of these components by applying the specific spot rates along the yield curve used in determination of the benefit obligation to their underlying projected cash flows. The change does not affect the measurement of pension and postretirement obligations and is accounted for as a change in accounting estimate, which is applied prospectively.

 

7

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Plan assets increased from $207.8 million as of March 31, 2017 to $212.8 million as of March 31, 2018 due to a gain on plan assets of $7.0 million from a continued recovery in market conditions and the $2.7 million contribution by the Company. The increase was also attributable to the merger of the Gray Plan of $3.3 million.  These increases were partially offset by $8.0 million in benefit payments.  The Company made this contribution to maintain its funding status at an acceptable level.

 

During 2018, the Company entered into new capital and operating leases of approximately $11.8 million, based on the if-purchased value, which was primarily for agricultural and packaging equipment.

 

Purchase commitments represent estimated payments to growers for crops that will be grown during the calendar 2018 season.

 

Due to uncertainties related to uncertain tax positions, the Company is not able to reasonably estimate the cash settlements required in future periods.

 

The Company has no off-balance sheet debt or other unrecorded obligations other than operating lease obligations and purchase commitments noted above.

 

Standby Letters of Credit 

 

The Company has standby letters of credit for certain insurance-related requirements. The majority of the Company’s standby letters of credit are automatically renewed annually, unless the issuer gives cancellation notice in advance. On March 31, 2018, the Company had $10.4 million in outstanding standby letters of credit. These standby letters of credit are supported by the Company’s Revolver and reduce borrowings available under the Revolver.

 

Cash Flows 

 

In 2018, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents increased by $3.1 million, which is due to the net impact of $13.2 million used in operating activities, $45.0 million used in investing activities, and $61.3 million provided by financing activities.  This is compared to cash and cash equivalents increased by $3.4 million in 2017, which is due to the net impact of $24.3 million provided by operating activities, $31.7 million used in investing activities, and $10.8 million provided by financing activities.

 

Operating Activities 

 

Cash used in operating activities was $13.2 million in 2018 compared to $24.3 million of cash provided by operating activities in 2017. The increase is primarily attributable to a net loss in 2018 versus a profit in 2017 which was a $29.7 million swing, a decrease in deferred income tax of $13.8 million, and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expense of $21.5 million, partially offset by a decrease in inventories in 2018 versus 2017. The 2018 earnings reflect a LIFO charge of $15.0 million resulting in an increase in the tax payment deferral of $3.8 million. During 2018, the Company made a $2.7 million contribution to its pension plan compared to an $8.2 million contribution in the previous year.

 

Cash provided by operating activities decreased to $24.3 million in 2017 from $39.2 million in 2016. The decrease is primarily attributable to a significant decrease in net earnings and an increase in inventories in 2017 versus 2016. The 2017 LIFO credit of $10.1 million resulted in a decrease in the tax payment deferral of $3.5 million. During 2017, the Company made an $8.2 million contribution to its pension plan compared to a $23.1 million contribution in the previous year. The 2016 net earnings reflect the effect of a one-time $24.3 million payment received from General Mills related to a relationship transfer agreement.

 

The cash requirements of the business fluctuate significantly throughout the year to coincide with the seasonal growing cycles of vegetables and fruits. The majority of the inventories are produced during the packing months, from June through November, and are then sold over the following year. Cash flow from operating activities is one of the Company’s main sources of liquidity.

 

8

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Investing Activities 

 

Cash used in investing activities was $45.0 million for 2018, principally reflecting capital expenditures and an acquisition for $14.4 million. Capital expenditures aggregated $32.7 million in 2018 versus $32.1 million in 2017. There were two major projects in 2018 as follows: 1) $2.8 million for the expansion of a production line in Princeville, Illinois, and 2) $3.4 million for a warehouse in Payette, Idaho.

 

Cash used in investing activities was $31.7 million for 2017, principally reflecting capital expenditures. Capital expenditures aggregated $32.1 million in 2017 versus $9.9 million in 2016. The increase was primarily attributable to more large projects in 2017 along with lease buyouts, equipment replacements and other improvements. There were two major projects in 2017 as follows: 1) $2.0 million to purchase land in Princeville, Illinois, and 2) $4.8 million to buy fixed assets of a seed processing facility in Nampa, Idaho.

 

Financing Activities 

 

Cash provided by financing activities was $61.3 million in 2018 representing a net increase in long-term debt (primarily the Revolver) of $66.3 million (net of acquisition debt) partially offset by the purchase of $4.6 million of treasury stock during 2018 versus $2.8 million purchased in 2017.


Cash provided by financing activities was $10.8 million in 2017 representing the new Farm Credit note for $100.0 million and a net decrease in the Revolver of $56.8 million and the payoff of $22.6 million industrial revenue bonds, partially offset by a partial payoff of interim funding of $0.2 million and the purchase of $2.8 million of treasury stock during 2017 versus $6.3 million purchased in 2016.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 

 

Classes of similar products/services:

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
      (Restated)       (Restated)  
   

(In thousands)

 

Net Sales:

                       

Green Giant *

  $ 111,014     $ 136,329     $ 148,517  

Canned vegetables

    721,121       705,297       746,501  

Frozen

    105,857       98,597       94,710  

Fruit

    256,687       286,464       253,658  

Prepared foods

    92,826       -       -  

Snack

    10,110       12,430       12,336  

Other

    17,150       23,081       23,845  

Total

  $ 1,314,765     $ 1,262,198     $ 1,279,567  

 

* Green Giant includes canned and frozen vegetables packaged exclusively for B&G Foods.

 

 

Fiscal 2018 versus Fiscal 2017 

 

Net sales for 2018 increased $52.6 million, from $1,262.2 million to $1,314.8 million. The increase primarily reflects a $92.8 million increase in prepared food sales due to the April 2017 Truitt acquisition, a $25.3 million decrease in Green Giant sales, a $29.8 million decrease in Fruit sales, a $15.8 million increase in canned vegetables sales, a $7.3 million increase in frozen, a $2.3 million decrease in Snack sales, and a $5.9 million decrease in other sales. The increase in sales is attributable to higher selling prices/more favorable sales mix of $50.5 million and increased sales volume of $2.1 million. The increased selling prices/more favorable sales mix is primarily due to canned vegetables.

 

9

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Cost of product sold as a percentage of sales increased from 91.1% in 2017 to 94.3% in 2018 primarily as a result of a $25.1 million LIFO charge increase in 2018, due to higher commodity and steel costs, and lower selling prices (primarily the fruit) in 2018 versus 2017.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense was 5.6% of sales in 2018 and 5.8% of sales in 2017. This decrease is due in part to lower employment costs in 2018 than 2017.

 

Other operating income in 2018 includes a bargain purchase acquisition gain of $1.8 million related to Truitt, a gain on the sale of a plant of $1.1 million and a gain on the partial sale of a plant of $0.4 million. The Company also recorded a gain of $0.4 million on the sale of fixed assets.

 

Plant restructuring costs, which are described in detail in the Restructuring section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, increased from $1.8 million in 2017 to $10.0 million in 2018. The $10.0 million was mostly due to the closing of a plant in Modesto, California.  No new production will be coming from this facility for the 2018 pack.  The facility will continue to be a warehouse in the near term.

 

Interest expense, net, increased from $9.7 million in 2017 to $15.0 million in 2018 due in part to the higher average Revolver borrowings in 2018 versus 2017, due to the Truitt acquisition in 2018 and the higher inventories in 2018 than 2017. Approximately $3.1 million of this interest expense increase was as a result of rising interest rates.

 

As a result of the aforementioned factors, pre-tax earnings decreased from $25.6 million in 2017 to pre-tax loss of $20.3 million in 2018. The effective tax rate was 31.9% in 2018 and 38.0% in 2017.  Of the 6.1 percentage point decrease in the effective tax rate for the year, there are three major contributors. The change in valuation allowance related to state credits accounts for a 9.9% decrease. There are certain California state income tax credit carryovers that will likely not be realized given the closure of the Modesto plant. The change in income tax rate resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act accounts for 4.9% of this decrease. These two items were partially offset by the change in federal and state credits and incentives which accounts for an 8.8% increase. The dollar amount of these credits and incentives did not change significantly from 2017 to 2018.  However, because income was reported in 2017 and a loss was reported in 2018, the credits and incentives have an inverse impact on the tax rate in 2018 compared to 2017. 

 

Fiscal 2017 versus Fiscal 2016 

 

Net sales for 2017 decreased $17.4 million, from $1,279.6 million to $1,262.2 million. The decrease primarily reflects a $12.2 million decrease in Green Giant sales, a $32.8 million increase in fruit sales, a $3.9 million increase in frozen sales, a $41.2 million decrease in canned vegetables sales and a $0.7 million decrease in other sales. The decrease in sales is attributable to lower selling prices/less favorable sales mix of $91.8 million partially offset by increased sales volume of $74.5 million. The decreased selling prices/less favorable sales mix is primarily due to canned fruit and vegetables. Canned fruit sales include a $48.4 million increase from Gray and Diana sales which was acquired during the third and fourth quarters of 2016.

 

Cost of product sold as a percentage of sales increased from 88.2% in 2016 to 91.1% in 2017 primarily as a result of lower selling prices and a $17.6 million LIFO credit decrease in 2017 versus 2016.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense was unchanged at 5.7% of sales in 2017 from 2016.

 

Other operating expense in 2017 includes a charge for $1.2 million related to costs incurred due to some roof collapses at a Northwest plant as a result of heavy snowfall. In addition, there was a charge for an impairment of a long-term asset of $1.1 million. The Company also recorded a loss of $0.2 million on the sale of fixed assets.

 

Plant restructuring costs, which are described in detail in the Restructuring section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, decreased from $10.3 million in 2016 to $2.4 million in 2017. About $1.8 million of this charge was due to the closing of a plant in the West during the year.

 

Interest expense, net, increased from $8.0 million in 2016 to $9.7 million in 2017 due to higher overall average borrowing rates in 2017 versus 2016.

 

As a result of the aforementioned factors, pre-tax earnings decreased from $83.6 million in 2016 to $25.6 million in 2017. The effective tax rate was 38.0% in 2017 and 32.6% in 2016. Of the 5.4 percentage point increase in the effective tax rate for the year, the major contributor to this increase is the permanent differences not deductible which account for 2.0% of this increase. The other significant change is in the manufacturer’s deduction, which is based on taxable income. As a result of significant bonus depreciation in the fourth quarter of 2017, the percentage of the deduction in relationship to book income is lower than last year by 2.4%.

 

10

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards 

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to be collected and to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for the transfer of goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date by one year while providing the option to early adopt the standard on the original effective date. The new standard was effective for the Company on April 1, 2018. We analyzed the expected impact that the new guidance will have on our policies, processes, controls, and disclosures. This assessment required, among other things, a review of the contracts we have with our customers. The majority of our revenue is earned pursuant to agreements under which we have performance obligations, which are satisfied at a point-in-time, and the timing of revenue recognition will be similar under the new standard as control of the goods transfers to our customers at the same point-in-time that the risks and rewards of ownership transferred historically.   However, based on our analysis, we do expect that this ASU will have a material effect on our historically reported Consolidated Financial Statements as well as our existing processes to recognize revenue, primarily as a result of the Company’s Green Giant contract. As discussed in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, this contract did not meet all the requirements for bill and hold revenue recognition treatment under Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 13.  However, under the new revenue recognition standard, this contract will quality for bill and hold accounting treatment as the Company has concluded that control of the unlabeled products transfers to the customer at the time title transfers and the customer has the right to payment (prior to physical delivery), which will result in earlier revenue recognition.  Additionally, labeling and storage services that are provided after control of the goods has transferred to the customer will be accounted for as separate performance obligations for which revenue will be deferred until the services are performed.  For the fiscal year ended in 2018, as a result of the adoption of the new standard, revenue would have increased by approximately $14.0 million, net loss would have decreased by approximately $5.3 million, and stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2018 would have increased by $14.4 million. Beginning in fiscal 2019, our disclosures will change as appropriate to comply with the new guidance. The guidance allows for both retrospective and modified retrospective methods of adoption. We will apply the full retrospective method of adoption.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases. The new standard establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 (beginning fiscal 2020), including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. While we are still evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of the new standard on our consolidated financial statements, we expect that upon adoption we will recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities and that the amounts could be material.

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-01 ("ASU 2017-01"), Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those fiscal years, and early adoption is permitted for transactions which occur before the issuance or effective date of the amendments, only when the transaction has not been reported in the financial statements that have been issued or made available for issuance. ASU 2017-01 is to be applied on a prospective basis. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-01 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. This amendment is intended to allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting only from the December 2017 enacted United States Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) and is not intended to impact underlying accounting guidance that requires that the effect of a change in tax laws or tax rates be included in income from operations. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2018 with earlier adoption permitted. The Company has early adopted this update in its fourth quarter ended March 31, 2018 resulting in a $2.4 million reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss and a corresponding $2.4 million increase to retained earnings. This reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss relates to the deferred income tax stranded tax effects resulting from the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate under the TCJA.  The pension and post-retirement benefits adjustment is the Company’s only component of accumulated other comprehensive loss.

In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update2017-07, Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715) Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, which requires the service cost component of the net periodic pension cost to be presented separately from the other components of the net periodic pension cost in the income statement. Additionally, only the service cost component of the net periodic pension cost will be eligible for capitalization. ASU 2017-07 will be effective for the Company on April 1, 2018. The change in presentation of service cost must be applied retrospectively, while the capitalization of service cost must be applied on a prospective basis. We do not anticipate that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on our financial statements and disclosures.

11

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of

 

Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 


QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Interest Rate Risk 

 

The Company maintained $15.1 million in cash equivalents as of March 31, 2018. As a result of its regular borrowing activities, the Company’s operating results are exposed to fluctuations in interest rates, which it manages primarily through its regular financing activities. The Company uses a revolving credit facility with variable interest rates and a $100.0 million term loan to finance capital expenditures, acquisitions, seasonal working capital requirements and to pay debt principal and interest obligations. In addition, long-term debt includes secured notes payable and an industrial bond. Long-term debt bears interest at fixed and variable rates. With $359.7 million in average variable-rate debt during fiscal 2018, a 1% change in interest rates would have had a $3.6 million effect on interest expense. The following table provides information about the Company’s financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The table presents principal cash flows and related weighted average interest rates by expected maturity date. Weighted average interest rates on long-term variable-rate debt are based on rates as of March 31, 2018.

 

Interest Rate Sensitivity of Long-Term Debt and Short-Term Investments

 

March 31, 2018

 

(In thousands)

 
                                                                 
   

P A Y M E N T S  B Y  Y E A R

                 
                                                   

Total/

   

Estimated

 
                                                   

Weighted

   

Fair

 
   

2019

   

2020

   

2021

   

2022

   

2023

   

Thereafter

   

Average

   

Value

 
                                                                 

Fixed-rate L/T debt:

                                                               

Principal cash flows

  $ 3,702     $ 3,217     $ 5,518     $ 1,868     $ -     $ 216     $ 14,521     $ 14,309  

Average interest rate

    5.38 %     5.21 %     5.45 %     6.98 %     - %     12.00 %     5.76 %        

Variable-rate L/T debt:

                                                               

Principal cash flows

  $ -     $ -     $ -     $ 393,329     $ -     $ 9,984     $ 403,313     $ 403,176  

Average interest rate

    - %     - %     - %     3.07 %     - %     2.44 %     3.06 %        

Average Revolver debt:

                                                               

Principal cash flows

                                                  $ 259,669     $ 259,669  

Average interest rate

                                                    2.80 %        

 

Commodity Risk 

 

The materials that the Company uses, such as vegetables, fruits, steel, ingredients, and packaging materials, as well as the electricity and natural gas used in the Company’s business are commodities that may experience price volatility caused by external factors including market fluctuations, availability, weather, currency fluctuations, and changes in governmental regulations and agricultural programs. These events may result in reduced supplies of these materials, higher supply costs, or interruptions in the Company’s production schedules. If prices of these raw materials increase and the Company is not able to effectively pass such price increases along to its customers, operating income will decrease. With $114.3 million in produce costs expected during 2019, a 1% change would have a $1.1 million effect on inventory costs. A 1% change in steel unit costs would equate to a $1.1 million cost impact.

 

The Company does not currently hedge or otherwise use derivative instruments to manage interest rate or commodity risks.

 

12

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Net (Loss) Earnings

 

 

 

Seneca Foods Corporation and Subsidiaries

(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

 

Years ended March 31,

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
              (Restated)       (Restated)  
                         

Net sales

  $ 1,314,765     $ 1,262,198     $ 1,279,567  
                         

Costs and expenses:

                       

Cost of products sold

    1,240,178       1,150,194       1,128,990  

Selling, general, and administrative expense

    73,514       72,996       73,515  

Other operating expense (income), net

    (3,671 )     2,437       (24,971 )

Plant restructuring

    10,011       1,829       10,302  

Total costs and expenses

    1,320,032       1,227,456       1,187,836  
                         

Operating (loss) income

    (5,267 )     34,742       91,731  

(Earnings) loss from equity investment

    (21 )     (578 )     48  

Interest expense, net of interest income of $54, $18, and $4, respectively

    15,037       9,672       8,044  
                         

(Loss) earnings before income taxes

    (20,283 )     25,648       83,639  

Income tax (benefit) expense

    (6,472 )     9,753       27,240  

Net (loss) earnings

  $ (13,811 )   $ 15,895     $ 56,399  
                         

Basic (loss) earnings per common share

  $ (1.41 )   $ 1.61     $ 5.65  
                         

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share

  $ (1.41 )   $ 1.60     $ 5.61  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

13

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income

 

Seneca Foods Corporation and Subsidiaries

(In thousands of dollars)

 

Years ended March 31,

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
              (Restated)       (Restated)  
                         

Comprehensive (loss) income :

                       

Net (loss) earnings

  $ (13,811 )   $ 15,895     $ 56,399  

Change in pension and postretirement benefits (net of income tax of $3,774, $10,367, and $2,179, respectively)

    (11,483 )     17,221       3,408  
                         

Total comprehensive (loss) income

  $ (25,,294 )   $ 33,116     $ 59,807  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

14

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

Seneca Foods Corporation and Subsidiaries                

(In thousands)

               
                 

March 31,

 

2018

   

2017

 
              (Restated)  

Assets

               

Current Assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 15,102     $ 11,992  

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $56 and $50, respectively

    78,796       72,080  

Inventories:

               

Finished products

    511,313       466,126  

In process

    41,665       32,528  

Raw materials and supplies

    127,850       130,281  
      680,828       628,935  

Refundable income taxes

    1,142       2,471  

Other current assets

    2,144       3,671  

Total Current Assets

    778,012       719,149  

Deferred income tax asset, net

    10,289       1,370  

Other assets

    5,105       20,273  

Property, plant, and equipment:

               

Land

    30,074       25,219  

Buildings and improvements

    226,857       216,859  

Equipment

    462,568       414,859  

    Total

    719,499       656,937  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

    442,474       419,461  

Net property, plant, and equipment

    277,025       237,476  

Total Assets

  $ 1,070,431     $ 978,268  
                 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

               

Current Liabilities:

               

Notes payable

  $ -     $ 166  

Accounts payable

    69,618       72,824  
    Deferred revenue      60,657       46,100  

Accrued vacation

    13,023       11,867  

Accrued payroll

    5,320       6,593  

Other accrued expenses

    35,921       31,880  

Current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations

    9,815       8,334  

Total Current Liabilities

    194,354       177,764  

Long-term debt, less current portion

    414,132       329,138  

Pension liabilities

    23,290       8,193  

Other liabilities

    5,829       3,775  

Capital lease obligations, less current portion

    35,896       34,194  

Total Liabilities

    673,501       553,064  

Commitments and contingencies

               

Stockholders’ Equity:

               

Preferred stock

    707       1,324  

Common stock

    3,038       3,024  

Additional paid-in capital

    98,161       97,458  

Treasury stock, at cost

    (69,556 )     (66,499 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (25,067 )     (11,175 )

Retained earnings

    389,647       401,072  

Total Stockholders’ Equity

    396,930       425,204  

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

  $ 1,070,431     $ 978,268  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

15

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

 

Seneca Foods Corporation and Subsidiaries

                       

(In thousands)

                       
                         

Years ended March 31,

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
              (Restated)       (Restated)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

                       

Net (loss) earnings

  $ (13,811 )   $ 15,895     $ 56,399  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash (used in) provided by operations:

                       

Depreciation and amortization

    31,547       24,824       21,737  

Deferred income tax (benefit) expense

    (4,923 )     8,863       708  

(Gain) loss on the sale of assets

    (1,855 )     177       (432 )

Impairment and restructuring provision

    10,011       2,881       10,302  

(Earnings) loss from equity investment

    (21 )     (578 )     48  

Bargain purchase gain

    (1,786 )     -       -  

401(k) match stock contribution

    1,501       2,017       1,820  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities (net of acquisitions):

                       

Accounts receivable

    (672 )     4,708       1,289  

Inventories

    (35,817 )     (19,454 )     (53,527 )

Other current assets

    1,527       12,094       12,544  

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities

    (207 )     (21,658 )     (13,976 )

Income taxes

    1,319       (5,445 )     2,246  

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

    (13,187 )     24,324       39,158  
                         

Cash flows from investing activities:

                       

Additions to property, plant, and equipment

    (32,665 )     (32,139 )     (9,864 )

Cash paid for acquisitions (net of cash acquired)

    (14,420 )     -       (38,795 )

Proceeds from the sale of assets

    2,075       427       1,026