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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023

OR

   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____________________________________ to ____________________________________

Commission File Number: 1-3390

Seaboard Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

04-2260388

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9000 West 67th Street, Merriam, Kansas

66202

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(913) 676-8928

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock $1.00 Par Value

SEB

NYSE American

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-Accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No  .

There were 971,055 shares of common stock, $1.00 par value per share, outstanding on October 23, 2023.

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

SEABOARD CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

October 1,

September 30,

October 1,

(Millions of dollars except share and per share amounts)

2023

    

2022

    

2023

    

2022

 

Net sales:

Products (affiliate sales of $291, $332, $839 and $1,132)

$

1,966

$

2,299

$

5,907

$

6,901

Services (affiliate sales of $7, $5, $19 and $15)

 

349

 

541

 

1,185

 

1,556

Other

 

73

 

55

 

188

 

120

Total net sales

 

2,388

 

2,895

 

7,280

 

8,577

Cost of sales and operating expenses:

Products

 

1,905

 

2,254

 

5,981

 

6,677

Services

 

276

 

351

 

882

 

1,032

Other

 

42

 

43

 

122

 

104

Total cost of sales and operating expenses

 

2,223

 

2,648

 

6,985

 

7,813

Gross income

 

165

 

247

 

295

 

764

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

98

 

92

 

295

 

271

Operating income (loss)

 

67

 

155

 

 

493

Other income (expense):

Interest expense

 

(9)

 

(13)

 

(41)

 

(23)

Interest income

 

18

 

9

 

45

 

21

Income from affiliates

 

23

 

48

 

74

 

94

Other investment income (loss), net

 

(7)

 

(64)

 

43

 

(291)

Foreign currency gains, net

 

 

9

 

3

 

21

Miscellaneous, net

 

1

 

1

 

4

 

11

Total other income (expense), net

 

26

 

(10)

 

128

 

(167)

Earnings before income taxes

 

93

 

145

 

128

 

326

Income tax benefit

 

33

 

1

 

34

 

32

Net earnings

$

126

$

146

$

162

$

358

Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

(1)

Net earnings attributable to Seaboard

$

126

$

146

$

162

$

357

Earnings per common share

$

108.55

$

125.78

$

139.56

$

307.55

Average number of shares outstanding

 

1,160,779

 

1,160,779

 

1,160,779

 

1,160,779

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax expense of $0, $1, $0 and $1:

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(3)

 

(15)

 

10

 

(18)

Unrecognized pension cost

 

 

3

 

4

 

4

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

$

(3)

$

(12)

$

14

$

(14)

Comprehensive income

 

123

 

134

 

176

 

344

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

(1)

Comprehensive income attributable to Seaboard

$

123

$

134

$

176

$

343

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2

SEABOARD CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

September 30,

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars except share and per share amounts)

2023

    

2022

 

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

100

$

199

Short-term investments

 

1,134

 

1,086

Receivables:

 

 

Trade

507

588

Due from affiliates

121

195

Other

126

171

Total receivables

754

954

Allowance for credit losses

(27)

(31)

Receivables, net

727

923

Inventories

 

1,516

 

1,670

Other current assets

 

128

 

139

Total current assets

 

3,605

 

4,017

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,902 and $1,744

 

2,332

 

2,246

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

368

445

Investments in and advances to affiliates

 

742

 

753

Goodwill

 

162

 

154

Other non-current assets

 

387

 

287

Total assets

$

7,596

$

7,902

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current liabilities:

Lines of credit

$

170

$

457

Accounts payable

 

369

 

429

Deferred revenue (includes $32 and $12 from affiliates)

98

70

Operating lease liabilities

130

156

Other current liabilities

 

398

 

417

Total current liabilities

 

1,165

 

1,529

Long-term debt, less current maturities

 

696

 

702

Long-term operating lease liabilities

265

318

Other non-current liabilities

 

287

 

339

Total liabilities

 

2,413

 

2,888

Commitments and contingent liabilities

Stockholders’ equity:

Common stock of $1 par value. Authorized 1,250,000 shares; issued and outstanding 1,160,779 shares in 2023 and 2022

 

1

 

1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(408)

 

(422)

Retained earnings

 

5,572

 

5,417

Total Seaboard stockholders’ equity

 

5,165

 

4,996

Noncontrolling interests

 

18

 

18

Total equity

 

5,183

 

5,014

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

7,596

$

7,902

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

SEABOARD CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited)

Accumulated

Other

Common

Comprehensive

Retained

Noncontrolling

(Millions of dollars)

Stock

Income/(Loss)

Earnings

Interests

Total

Balances, December 31, 2021

$

1

$

(432)

$

4,847

$

18

$

4,434

Comprehensive income (loss):

Net earnings

103

1

104

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

(1)

(1)

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(3)

(3)

Balances, April 2, 2022

$

1

$

(433)

$

4,947

$

19

$

4,534

Comprehensive income (loss):

Net earnings

108

108

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

(1)

(1)

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(2)

(2)

Balances, July 2, 2022

$

1

$

(434)

$

5,053

$

19

$

4,639

Comprehensive income (loss):

Net earnings

146

146

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

(12)

(12)

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(2)

(2)

Balances, October 1, 2022

$

1

$

(446)

$

5,197

$

19

$

4,771

Balances, December 31, 2022

$

1

$

(422)

$

5,417

$

18

$

5,014

Comprehensive income (loss):

Net loss

(16)

(16)

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

14

14

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(3)

(3)

Balances, April 1, 2023

$

1

$

(408)

$

5,398

$

18

$

5,009

Comprehensive income:

Net earnings

52

52

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

3

3

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(2)

(2)

Balances, July 1, 2023

$

1

$

(405)

$

5,448

$

18

$

5,062

Comprehensive income (loss):

Net earnings

126

126

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

(3)

(3)

Dividends on common stock ($2.25/share)

(2)

(2)

Balances, September 30, 2023

$

1

$

(408)

$

5,572

$

18

$

5,183

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

SEABOARD CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended

 

September 30,

October 1,

(Millions of dollars)

2023

    

2022

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net earnings

$

162

$

358

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash from operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

214

 

163

Deferred income taxes

 

(87)

 

(103)

Income from affiliates

 

(74)

 

(94)

Dividends received from affiliates

 

88

 

23

Other investment loss (income), net

 

(43)

 

291

Payment of contingent consideration liability in excess of acquisition date fair value

 

(16)

 

Other, net

 

18

 

26

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisition and dispositions:

Receivables, net of allowance for credit losses

 

200

 

(144)

Inventories

 

158

 

(160)

Other assets

 

8

 

(30)

Accounts payable

(63)

13

Other liabilities, exclusive of debt

 

16

 

34

Net cash from operating activities

 

581

 

377

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchase of short-term investments

 

(1,712)

 

(447)

Proceeds from the sale of short-term investments

 

1,671

 

604

Proceeds from the maturity of short-term investments

 

59

 

15

Capital expenditures

 

(344)

 

(367)

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment

 

28

 

22

Acquisition of business

(58)

Investments in and advances to affiliates, net

 

(11)

 

(3)

Purchase of long-term investments

 

(11)

 

(113)

Proceeds from the sale of subsidiaries, net of cash sold

15

Proceeds from the sale of non-consolidated affiliates

 

 

13

Other, net

 

(2)

 

(6)

Net cash from investing activities

 

(322)

 

(325)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Uncommitted lines of credit, net

 

(155)

 

(5)

Draws under committed lines of credit

819

1,076

Repayments of committed lines of credit

(950)

(1,090)

Principal payments of long-term debt

 

(6)

 

(7)

Finance lease payments

(43)

(28)

Payment of contingent consideration

(14)

Dividends paid

 

(7)

 

(7)

Other, net

 

 

1

Net cash from financing activities

 

(356)

 

(60)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(2)

 

3

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

(99)

 

(5)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

199

 

75

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

100

$

70

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

SEABOARD CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Note 1 – Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Seaboard”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the rules and regulations for reporting on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include certain information and disclosures required for comprehensive financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Seaboard’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. The unaudited financial information reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. Seaboard’s first three quarterly periods include approximately 13 weekly periods ending on the Saturday closest to the end of March, June and September. Results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year.

Related-Party Transactions

Seaboard has investments in non-consolidated affiliates to further its business strategies and partner with other entities that have expertise in certain industries and countries. These investments are all accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Related-party transactions with these non-consolidated affiliates for product sales or services are identified on the statement of comprehensive income. As Seaboard conducts its agricultural commodity trading business with third parties, consolidated subsidiaries and non-consolidated affiliates on an interrelated basis, cost of sales on affiliate sales transactions cannot be distinguished without making numerous assumptions, primarily with respect to mark-to-market accounting for commodity derivatives. Purchases of raw materials or services from related parties included in Cost of sales were $22 million and $25 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and October 1, 2022, respectively, and $66 million and $59 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and October 1, 2022, respectively.

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Non-cash investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 included purchases of property, plant and equipment in accounts payable of less than $1 million. The following table includes supplemental cash and non-cash information related to leases. Seaboard reports the amortization of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and changes in operating lease liabilities in other liabilities, exclusive of debt in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

October 1,

(Millions of dollars)

2023

2022

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

Operating cash flows from operating leases

$

145

$

145

Operating cash flows from finance leases

5

5

Financing cash flows from finance leases

43

28

ROU assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities:

Operating leases

$

48

$

34

Finance leases

5

113

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The change in the carrying amount of goodwill was related to foreign currency translation differences of $8 million within the Commodity Trading and Milling (“CT&M”) segment. Goodwill is initially recorded at fair value and not amortized but is reviewed for impairment at least annually or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. Due to the continued Pork segment operating losses, management performed an interim quantitative goodwill impairment test during the third quarter of 2023 for a reporting unit that has $22 million of goodwill. Based on the assessment, goodwill was determined to not be impaired as the fair value of the reporting unit exceeded the carrying amount.

As of September 30, 2023, intangible assets, included in other non-current assets, were $28 million, which consists of the gross carrying amount of $79 million, net of accumulated amortization of $45 million and net of accumulated foreign currency translation of $6 million.

6

Note 2 – Investments

The following is a summary of the estimated fair value of short-term investments classified as trading securities:

September 30,

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

    

2023

2022

 

Domestic equity securities

$

131

$

433

Foreign equity securities

 

89

 

169

Domestic debt securities

450

399

Foreign debt securities

100

66

Money market funds held in trading accounts

359

12

Other trading securities

5

7

Total trading short-term investments

$

1,134

$

1,086

The unrealized gain (loss) related to trading securities still held at the end of the respective reporting period was ($45) million and ($37) million for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and ($65) million and ($220) million for the three- and nine-month periods ended October 1, 2022, respectively. Seaboard had $15 million and $16 million of short-term investments denominated in foreign currencies, primarily euros, as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Seaboard had long-term investments of $191 million and $185 million, primarily in a business development company (“BDC”), real estate and renewable energy facilities. The BDC investment is included in the fair value hierarchy table in Note 5 and the other investments are primarily accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Long-term investments are classified in other non-current assets on the consolidated balance sheets.

Note 3 – Inventories

The following is a summary of inventories:

September 30,

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

    

2023

    

2022

At lower of FIFO cost and net realizable value (“NRV”):

Hogs and materials

$

508

$

538

Pork products and materials

 

65

 

75

Grains, oilseeds and other commodities

 

395

 

475

Biofuels and related credits

226

221

Other

 

113

 

104

Total inventories at lower of FIFO cost and NRV

 

1,307

 

1,413

Grain, flour and feed at lower of weighted average cost and NRV

 

209

 

257

Total inventories

$

1,516

$

1,670

7

Note 4 – Lines of Credit, Long-Term Debt, Commitments and Contingencies

Lines of Credit

As of September 30, 2023, the outstanding balances under committed and uncommitted lines of credit were $0 million and $170 million, respectively. Of the total outstanding balance as of September 30, 2023, $82 million was denominated in foreign currencies with $73 million denominated in the South African rand and the remaining in various other currencies. As of December 31, 2022, the outstanding balances under committed and uncommitted lines of credit were $131 million and $326 million, respectively. Of the total outstanding balance as of December 31, 2022, $194 million was denominated in foreign currencies, with $174 million denominated in the South African rand and the remaining in various other currencies. The weighted average interest rate for outstanding lines of credit was 10.02% and 7.03% as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

On March 28, 2023, Seaboard amended and restated its committed line of credit agreement to increase the borrowing capacity and extend the maturity date. This $450 million line of credit is secured by certain short-term investments and has a maturity date of March 28, 2025. Draws bear interest at the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) plus a spread.

Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt includes borrowings under term loans and other contractual obligations, including notes payable.

The following is a summary of long-term debt:

September 30,

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2023

2022

Term Loan due 2028

$

665

$

670

Foreign subsidiary obligations

1

2

Other long-term debt

38

38

Total debt at face value

704

710

Current maturities and unamortized discount and costs

(8)

(8)

Long-term debt, less current maturities and unamortized discount and costs

$

696

$

702

On June 30, 2023, Seaboard amended and restated its Term Loan due 2028 credit agreement to change the interest reference rate from the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) to SOFR due to the discontinuation of LIBOR as of June 30, 2023. The amendment was accounted for using the practical expedient option offered by current guidance which allows for contract modifications resulting in a new reference rate to be accounted for as a continuation of the existing contract. The Term Loan due 2028 bears interest at fluctuating rates based on margins over a Base Rate or SOFR, at the option of the borrower, based on terms defined in the credit agreement. The interest rate on the Term Loan due 2028 was 7.04% and 6.01% as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

Seaboard was in compliance with all restrictive debt covenants relating to these agreements as of September 30, 2023.

Legal Proceedings

Seaboard is subject to various legal proceedings and claims which arise in the ordinary course of business. In Seaboard’s opinion, it has made appropriate and adequate accruals for claims where necessary as of September 30, 2023; however, the ultimate liability for these matters is uncertain, and if significantly different than the amounts accrued, the outcome could have a material effect on the financial condition or results of operations of Seaboard. Costs for litigating claims are expensed as incurred.

Helms-Burton Act Litigation

On July 21, 2021, a lawsuit was filed by an individual, Odette Blanco de Fernandez (“Ms. de Fernandez”), and the heirs (“Inheritors”) and estates (“Estates”) of four of her siblings (Ms. de Fernandez, together with the Inheritors and the Estates being referred to as the “Plaintiffs”) against Seaboard Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Delaware District Court”), making claims under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Solidarity Act of 1996, also known as the Helms-Burton Act (the “Act”). The same Plaintiffs filed a separate lawsuit against Seaboard Marine Ltd. (“Seaboard Marine”) on December 20, 2020, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida (the “Florida District Court”). The complaints in each lawsuit seek unspecified damages (including treble damages) and pre-filing interest as provided in the Act; pre-judgment interest; attorneys’ fees, costs and expenses; and such other relief as is just and proper.

8

The Act provides that any person who knowingly and intentionally “traffics” in property which was confiscated by the Cuban government may be liable to any U.S. national who acquires an ownership interest in such property for money damages in an amount equal to the greater of the current fair market value of the property or the value of the property when confiscated, plus interest from the date of confiscation, reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs, and treble damages under certain circumstances. The complaint in each of the cases alleges that the Plaintiffs acquired ownership interests to a 70-year concession to develop port facilities at Mariel Bay, Cuba, and ownership of surrounding land, and that these and other property rights were confiscated by the Cuban government in 1960. The complaints further allege that Seaboard Corporation and Seaboard Marine knowingly and intentionally “trafficked” in the confiscated property within the meaning of the Act by carrying and/or directing cargo to the Port of Mariel.

The Florida District Court in the Seaboard Marine case dismissed the claims of the Inheritors and the Estates because they did not acquire the ownership claims prior to March 1996, as required by the Act. The remaining plaintiff, Ms. de Fernandez, contends she owns 20% of the companies that were granted the concession and owned land in or around Mariel Bay, Cuba. On August 19, 2022, the Florida District Court granted Seaboard Marine’s Motion for Summary Judgment and entered a Final Judgment (the “Summary Judgment”) in favor of Seaboard Marine. On September 1, 2022, the Plaintiffs appealed the Summary Judgment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (“Appeal”). Oral arguments for the Appeal are scheduled for the week of January 29, 2024.

As to the suit against Seaboard Corporation, on October 21, 2021, the Plaintiffs filed an amended complaint which principally added allegations that there were other callings made by Seaboard Marine at the Port of Mariel and that Seaboard Corporation engaged in a pattern of doing business with individuals and entities in contravention of U.S. foreign policy. Seaboard Corporation filed a Motion to Dismiss which is pending. On September 28, 2022, the Delaware District Court stayed this lawsuit against Seaboard Corporation until 30 days after the outcome of the appeal in the Seaboard Marine case.

On March 24, 2023, the Plaintiffs, Seaboard Marine and Seaboard Corporation entered into a settlement agreement to settle the cases against Seaboard Marine and Seaboard Corporation for an immaterial amount that was contingent on the Florida District Court vacating the Summary Judgment entered in favor of Seaboard Marine on August 19, 2022. On June 13, 2023, the Florida District Court denied the Motion to Vacate the Summary Judgment and this denial order was not appealed. As such, the settlement is of no force and effect, and the Appeal will continue. The Appeal is scheduled to be heard the week of January 29, 2024. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims and intends to vigorously defend the litigation. However, the outcome of litigation is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties, and if unfavorable, could result in a material liability.

Pork Price-Fixing Antitrust Litigation

On June 28, 2018, twelve indirect purchasers of pork products filed a class action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota (the “Minnesota District Court”) against several pork processors, including Seaboard Foods LLC (“Seaboard Foods”) and Agri Stats, Inc., a company described in the complaint as a data sharing service. The complaint also named Seaboard Corporation as a defendant. Additional class action complaints with similar claims on behalf of putative classes of direct and indirect purchasers were later filed in the Minnesota District Court, and three additional actions by standalone plaintiffs (including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) were filed in or transferred to the Minnesota District Court. The consolidated actions are styled In re Pork Antitrust Litigation. The complaints allege, among other things, that beginning in January 2009, the defendants conspired and combined to fix, raise, maintain, and stabilize the price of pork products in violation of U.S. antitrust laws by coordinating output and limiting production, allegedly facilitated by the exchange of non-public information about prices, capacity, sales volume and demand through Agri Stats, Inc. The complaints on behalf of the putative classes of indirect purchasers also assert claims under various state laws, including state antitrust laws, unfair competition laws, consumer protection statutes, and common law unjust enrichment. The relief sought in the respective complaints includes treble damages, injunctive relief, pre- and post-judgment interest, costs and attorneys’ fees. On October 16, 2020, the Minnesota District Court denied the defendants’ motions to dismiss the amended complaints, but the Minnesota District Court later dismissed all claims against Seaboard Corporation without prejudice. On March 3, 2023, the Minnesota District Court granted the Plaintiffs’ Motions to Certify the Classes with respect to all three classes.

Additional standalone plaintiffs filed similar actions in federal courts throughout the country, several of which named Seaboard Corporation as a defendant. Those actions filed in courts other than the District of Minnesota have been conditionally transferred to Minnesota for pretrial proceedings pursuant to an order by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation. The states of New Mexico and Alaska filed civil cases in state court against substantially the same defendants,

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including Seaboard Foods and Seaboard Corporation, based on substantially similar allegations. Except in the New Mexico action, all claims against Seaboard Corporation have been dismissed without prejudice.

On June 12, 2023, Seaboard Foods entered into a settlement agreement with the putative direct purchaser plaintiff class (the “DPP Class”), which settlement is subject to court approval. Pursuant to this agreement, Seaboard agreed to pay the DPP Class approximately $10 million, which Seaboard recognized as an expense within cost of sales in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income in the second quarter of 2023. Members of the class will have the opportunity to opt-out of the settlement and commence or continue their own actions. The settlement with the DPP Class does not cover the claims of (a) the standalone “direct action” plaintiffs, who will have the opportunity to opt-out of Seaboard’s settlement with the DPP Class, (b) other direct purchasers, if any, that elect to opt-out of the settlement and file their own actions against Seaboard, (c) the End User Consumer Indirect Purchaser Plaintiff Class (the “EUCP Class”) or (d) the Commercial and Industrial Indirect Purchaser Class (the “CIIP Class”). Seaboard will therefore continue to litigate against such opt-outs, the EUCP Class and the CIIP Class and will consider reasonable settlements where they are available. There have been discussions with the CIIP Class, the EUCP Class and several opt-out groups regarding settlement, but settlement is not probable with such parties at this time.

Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in these matters and intends to vigorously defend any matters not resolved by the above settlement. It is impossible at this stage either to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from these suits, or to reasonably estimate the amount of potential loss or range of potential loss, if any, resulting from the suits. However, the outcome of litigation is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties, and if unfavorable, could result in a material liability.

Pork Compensation Antitrust Litigation

On November 11, 2022, three employees of pork or beef processing plants filed a class action complaint (the “Class Action”) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado (the “Court”) individually and on behalf of all other employees at such plants (the “Class”), against several pork and beef processors and their subsidiaries and related companies, including Seaboard Foods. The complaint alleges, among other things, that beginning in January 2014, the defendants conspired in violation of antitrust laws to fix and depress the compensation paid to the Class by, among other things, participating in third-party compensation surveys and exchanging wage-related information through a third-party benchmarking service. The relief sought includes treble damages, injunctive relief, pre- and post-judgment interest, costs and attorneys’ fees.

On June 23, 2023, Seaboard Foods reached a settlement with the Class to settle the Class Action for an immaterial amount, which settlement is subject to approval of the Court. Members of the Class will have the opportunity to opt-out of the Class and commence their own actions.

Cereoil and Nolston Litigation

On March 20, 2018, the bankruptcy trustee (the “Trustee”) for Cereoil Uruguay S.A. (“Cereoil”) filed a suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay naming as parties Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries, Seaboard Overseas Limited (“SOL”) and Seaboard Uruguay Holdings Ltd. (“Seaboard Uruguay”). Seaboard Corporation has a 45% indirect ownership of Cereoil. The suit (the “Clawback Action”) seeks an order requiring Seaboard Corporation, SOL and Seaboard Uruguay to reimburse Cereoil the amount of approximately $22 million (approximately $35 million with interest at the statutory rate) (the “Clawback Amount”), contending that deliveries of soybeans to SOL pursuant to purchase agreements should be set aside as fraudulent conveyances. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard and its two subsidiaries could be ordered to pay the Clawback Amount to Cereoil.

On April 27, 2018, the Trustee filed an additional suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay that was served during the second quarter of 2018, naming as parties Seaboard Corporation, SOL, Seaboard Uruguay, all directors of Cereoil, including two individuals employed by Seaboard who served as directors at the behest of Seaboard, and the Chief Financial Officer of Cereoil, an employee of Seaboard who also served at the behest of Seaboard (collectively, the “Cereoil Defendants”). The Trustee contends that the Cereoil Defendants acted with willful misconduct to cause Cereoil’s insolvency, and thus should be ordered to pay all liabilities of Cereoil, net of assets. The bankruptcy filing listed the U.S. dollar equivalent of liabilities of approximately $53 million and assets of approximately $30 million. Based on the administration of the case and the liquidation of assets, as of September 30, 2023, the U.S. dollar equivalent of liabilities was estimated to be approximately $45 million, and the liquidation value of the assets was estimated to be $17 million or less. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend

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this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard Corporation and the other Cereoil Defendants could be ordered to pay the liabilities of Cereoil, net of any amounts received from the liquidation of Cereoil’s assets, and could be ordered to pay an inflation adjustment, interest, the Trustee’s fees and other expenses. Any award in this case should be reduced by the amount of any award in the Clawback Action described above that is paid to Cereoil.

On September 30, 2021, HSBC Bank (Uruguay) SA (“HSBC”), a creditor in the Cereoil bankruptcy proceeding pending in Uruguay, filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas (the “Kansas District Court”) against Seaboard Corporation alleging claims for breach of contract, promissory estoppel, breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing, unjust enrichment, fraud, negligent misrepresentation and fraud by concealment based upon a comfort letter, alleged statements by Cereoil personnel (including the Chief Financial Officer serving at the behest of Seaboard), and the same grain transactions that the Trustee challenges as fraudulent conveyances in the Cereoil bankruptcy in Uruguay discussed above. HSBC seeks $10 million plus interest and other relief in excess of $3 million. In March 2022, Seaboard filed a motion to dismiss HSBC’s claims on various grounds. On September 23, 2022, the Kansas District Court dismissed six of HSBC’s seven claims. Three of those claims, for fraud, negligent misrepresentation and fraud by concealment, can be refiled by HSBC in Uruguay. The other three claims, for breach of contract, breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing and unjust enrichment, were dismissed with prejudice and cannot be refiled unless HSBC successfully appeals the Kansas District Court order. The one claim not dismissed in this matter is for promissory estoppel. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to this claim and intends to vigorously defend it. It is impossible to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this remaining claim.

On May 15, 2018, the Trustee for Nolston S.A. (“Nolston”) filed a suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay that was served during the second quarter of 2018, naming as parties Seaboard and the other Cereoil Defendants. Seaboard has a 45% indirect ownership of Nolston. The Trustee contends that the Cereoil Defendants acted with willful misconduct to cause Nolston’s insolvency, and thus should be ordered to pay all liabilities of Nolston, net of assets. The bankruptcy filing listed the U.S. dollar equivalent of liabilities of approximately $29 million and assets of approximately $15 million. Based on the administration of the case which resulted in duplicative claims made in the Cereoil case and the liquidation of assets, as of September 30, 2023, the U.S. dollar equivalent of liabilities was estimated to be approximately $1 million, and there are no remaining assets with any value. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard Corporation and the other defendants could be ordered to pay the liabilities of Nolston, and could be ordered to pay an inflation adjustment, interest, the Trustee’s fees and other expenses.

Guarantees

Certain of Seaboard’s non-consolidated affiliates have debt supporting their underlying operations. From time to time, Seaboard will provide guarantees of such debt in order to further Seaboard’s business objectives. As of September 30, 2023, guarantees outstanding were not material. Seaboard has not accrued a liability for any of the guarantees as the likelihood of loss is remote.

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Note 5 – Derivatives and Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The following tables show assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy used to measure each category of assets and liabilities. The trading securities classified as other current assets below are assets held for Seaboard’s deferred compensation plans.