10-K 1 d500446d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

x Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended March 30, 2013.

OR

 

¨ Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     .

Commission File Number: 000-31127

SPARTAN STORES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Michigan   38-0593940

(State or Other Jurisdiction)

of Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

850 76th Street, S.W.

P.O. Box 8700

Grand Rapids, Michigan

  49518-8700
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (616) 878-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act:

 

Title of Class

 

Name of Exchange on which Registered

Common Stock, no par value   NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File requirement to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act).

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨    Accelerated filer  x    Non-accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates based on the last sales price of such stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on September 14, 2012 (which was the last trading day of the registrant’s second quarter in the fiscal year ended March 30, 2013) was $332,124,318.

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, no par value, as of May 20, 2013 was 21,894,825 all of one class.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Part III, Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14

  Proxy Statement for Annual Meeting to be held July 30, 2013

 

 

 


Forward-Looking Statements

The matters discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K include “forward-looking statements” about the plans, strategies, objectives, goals or expectations of Spartan Stores, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Spartan Stores”). These forward-looking statements are identifiable by words or phrases indicating that Spartan Stores or management “expects,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “intends,” or is “optimistic” or “confident” that a particular occurrence or event “will,” “may,” “could,” “should” or “will likely” result, occur or be pursued or “continue” in the future, that the “outlook” or “trend” is toward a particular result or occurrence, that a development is an “opportunity,” “priority,” “strategy,” “focus,” that the Company is “positioned” for a particular result, or similarly stated expectations. Accounting estimates, such as those described under the heading “Critical Accounting Policies” in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, are inherently forward-looking. Our asset impairment and exit cost provisions are estimates and actual costs may be more or less than these estimates and differences may be material. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report.

In addition to other risks and uncertainties described in connection with the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and other periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, there are many important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially. Our ability to achieve sales and earnings expectations; improve operating results; maintain and strengthen our retail-store performance; assimilate acquired stores; maintain or grow sales; respond successfully to competitors including new openings; maintain gross margin; effectively address food cost or price inflation or deflation; maintain and improve customer and supplier relationships; realize expected benefits of restructuring; realize growth opportunities; maintain or expand our customer base; reduce operating costs; sell on favorable terms assets held for sale; generate cash; continue to meet the terms of our debt covenants; continue to pay dividends, and successfully implement and realize the expected benefits of the other programs, initiatives, systems, plans, priorities, strategies, objectives, goals or expectations described in this Annual Report, our other reports, our press releases and our public comments will be affected by changes in economic conditions generally or in the markets and geographic areas that we serve, adverse effects of the changing food and distribution industries and other factors including, but not limited to, those discussed in the “Risk Factors” discussion in Item 1A of this Annual Report.

This section and the discussions contained in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and in Item 7, subheading “Critical Accounting Policies” in this report, both of which are incorporated here by reference, are intended to provide meaningful cautionary statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. This should not be construed as a complete list of all of the economic, competitive, governmental, technological and other factors that could adversely affect our expected consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to Spartan Stores or that Spartan Stores currently believes are immaterial also may impair our business, operations, liquidity, financial condition and prospects. We undertake no obligation to update or revise our forward-looking statements to reflect developments that occur or information obtained after the date of this Annual Report.

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. Business

Overview

Spartan Stores is a leading regional grocery distributor and grocery retailer, operating principally in Michigan, Indiana and Ohio. We operate two reportable business segments: Distribution and Retail. We believe that we are the ninth largest wholesale distributor to supermarkets in the United States and the largest wholesale distributor to supermarkets in Michigan. According to reports provided by Metro Market Studies, our distribution and retail operations hold a combined #1 or #2 market share in the Northern Michigan and Western Michigan markets we serve and a #3 market share in our other Michigan markets. For the fiscal year ended March 30, 2013 (“fiscal 2013”), we generated net sales of approximately $2.6 billion.

Established in 1917 as a cooperative grocery distributor, Spartan Stores converted to a for-profit business corporation in 1973. In January 1999, we began to acquire retail supermarkets in our focused geographic regions. In August 2000, our common stock became listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “SPTN.” With approximately 8,650 associates, Spartan Stores distributes a wide variety of products to approximately 390 independent grocery stores and operates 101 conventional supermarkets.

Spartan Stores’ hybrid business model supports the close functioning of its Distribution and Retail operations, optimizing the natural complements of each business segment. The model produces operational efficiencies, helps stimulate distribution product demand, and provides sharper market visibility and broader business growth options. In addition, the Distribution and Retail diversification provides added flexibility to pursue the best long-term growth opportunities in each segment.

Spartan Stores has established key management priorities that focus on the longer-term strategy of the Company, including establishing a well-differentiated market offering for our Distribution and Retail segments, and additional strategies designed to create value for our shareholders, retailers and customers. These priorities are:

 

   

Retail sales growth: Continue refining our capital plan focusing on remodels, replacement stores, banner consolidation, adjacent acquisitions, expansions and new stores to fill in existing markets, leverage investments in fuel centers and pharmacy operations to drive related supermarket customer traffic and continue to focus on category management initiatives including leveraging our customer loyalty card data, specifically focusing on fresh and value oriented offerings. We also pursue prudent acquisitions to grow this segment.

 

   

Distribution sales growth: Focus on increasing penetration of existing customers, attracting new in-market customers and adjacent-state customers, continue to share “best retail practices” with customers, provide a superior value-added relationship and pursue appropriate acquisitions.

 

   

Margin optimization: Continued focus on leveraging our customer loyalty card data, increasing penetration of private brand programs, focus on value offerings, enhancing offerings in our fresh department, lowering the cost of merchandise through vendor partnerships, E-sourcing, and improving retail shrink.

 

   

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense cost containment: Continue to focus on improving efficiency and general cost containment in all areas to allow us to remain cost competitive in the long-term.

We believe significant progress has been made towards achieving these long-term priorities in recent years and we will continue to focus on these priorities.

 

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Distribution Segment

Our Distribution segment provides a selection of approximately 46,000 stock-keeping units (SKU’s), including dry groceries, produce, dairy products, meat, deli, bakery, frozen food, seafood, floral products, general merchandise, pharmacy and health and beauty care items to approximately 390 independent grocery stores and our 101 corporate-owned stores. Also included are over 4,100 private brand grocery and general merchandise items. Total net sales from our Distribution segment, including shipments to our corporate-owned stores, which are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements, were approximately $1.8 billion for fiscal 2013.

Customers. Our Distribution segment supplies a diverse group of independent grocery store operators that range from a single store to supermarket chains with as many as 21 stores, as well as our corporate-owned stores. Pricing to our customers is generally based upon a “cost plus” model for grocery, frozen, dairy, pharmacy and health and beauty care items and a “variable mark-up” model for meat, deli, bakery, produce, seafood, floral and general merchandise products.

Our Distribution customer base is very diverse, with no single customer, excluding corporate-owned stores, exceeding 5% of consolidated net sales. Our five largest Distribution customers (excluding corporate-owned stores) accounted for approximately 20% of our fiscal 2013 Distribution net sales. In addition, approximately 78% of Distribution net sales, including corporate-owned stores, are covered under supply agreements with our Distribution customers or are directly controlled by Spartan Stores.

Distribution Functions. Our Distribution business utilized approximately 1.4 million square feet of warehouse, distribution and office space as of March 2013. We supply our independent Distribution customers and our corporate-owned stores from our distribution center located in Grand Rapids, Michigan. We believe that our distribution facility is strategically located to efficiently serve our customers. We are continually evaluating our inventory movement and assigning SKU’s to appropriate areas within our distribution center facilities to reduce the time required to stock and pick products in order to achieve additional efficiencies.

We maintain a fleet of 101 over-the-road tractors, 216 dry vans, and 167 refrigerated trailers, substantially all of which are leased. To further support distribution operations, we operate six yard switchers and one on site fuel tanker. Through routing optimization, we were able to reduce our annual miles by 385,000 to approximately 12.1 million in fiscal 2013 allowing us to reduce our number of tractors from the previous fiscal year. We were also able to extend leases set to expire in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 on 32 of our 2009 tractors until the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014. This will allow us to take advantage of updates in technology as we review 2014 model year vehicles introduced by manufacturers. We plan to look at a similar strategy as additional equipment is subject to renewal while remaining committed to the ongoing investment required to maintain a best in class fleet while focusing on low cost, environmentally friendly solutions.

We plan to lease 26 new 53-foot refrigerated trailers in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. These trailers will be equipped with a Carrier Vector refrigeration unit. The new Vector units have the capability to run on electric standby, offering an economical and environmentally friendly alternative to diesel fuel. We have an additional 66 refrigerated trailers we plan to replace in the third quarter of fiscal 2014, which are planned to be equipped with standby technology as well.

In fiscal 2014, we will implement six Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) in our grocery warehouse. The AGV’s will perform put-away, replenishment and full pallet selection in approximately 150,000 square feet of the warehouse. After installation in the second quarter of fiscal 2014, this new equipment and technology are expected to improve both the efficiency and capacity of the grocery warehouse.

 

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Additional Services. We also offer and provide many of our independent Distribution customers with value-added services, including:

 

•   Site identification and market analyses

  

•   Coupon redemption

•   Store planning and development

  

•   Product reclamation

•   Marketing, promotion and advertising

  

•   Printing

•   Technology and information services

  

•   Category management

•   Accounting, payroll and tax preparation

  

•   Real estate services

•   Human resource services

  

•   Construction management services

Retail Segment

Our neighborhood market strategy distinguishes our stores from supercenters and limited assortment stores by emphasizing convenient locations, demographically targeted merchandise selections, high-quality fresh offerings, customer service, value pricing and community involvement.

Our Retail segment operates 101 retail supermarkets predominantly in midsize metropolitan, tourist and lake communities of Michigan. Our retail supermarkets are operated under banners including Family Fare Supermarkets, D&W Fresh Markets, Glen’s Markets, VG’s Food and Pharmacy, Forest Hills Foods and Valu Land.

Our 101 retail supermarkets typically offer dry groceries, produce, dairy products, meat, frozen food, seafood, floral products, general merchandise, beverages, tobacco products, health and beauty care products, delicatessen items and bakery goods. In 67 of our supermarkets, we also offer pharmacy services. In addition to nationally advertised products, the stores carry private brand items, including our flagship Spartan brand and Fresh Selections, Top Care, a health and beauty care brand, Valu Time, a value brand, Full Circle, a natural and organic brand, World Classics a premium, unique and worldly brand, B-leve a premium bath and beauty brand, and Paws, a pet supplies brand. These private brand items provide enhanced retail margins and we believe they help generate increased customer loyalty. See “Merchandising and Marketing—Corporate Brands.” Our retail supermarkets range in size from approximately 18,466 to 65,821 total square feet and average approximately 41,000 total square feet per store.

We operate 30 fuel centers at our supermarket locations operating under the banners Family Fare Quick Stop, D&W Quick Stop, Glen’s Quick Stop, VG’s Quick Stop and Forest Hills Quick Stop. These fuel centers offer refueling facilities and in the adjacent convenience store, a limited variety of popular consumable products. Our prototypical Quick Stop stores are approximately 1,100 square feet in size and are generally located adjacent to our supermarkets. We have experienced increases in supermarket sales upon opening fuel centers and initiating cross-merchandising activities. We are planning to continue to open additional fuel centers at certain of our supermarket locations over the next few years.

Our stores are primarily the result of acquisitions from January 1999 to December 2012. The following chart details the changes in the number of our stores over the last five fiscal years:

 

Fiscal Year

   Number of
Stores at
Beginning of
Fiscal

Year
     Stores
Acquired or
Added During
Fiscal Year
     Stores
Closed or Sold
During
Fiscal Year
     Number of
Stores at
End of Fiscal
Year
 

2009

     99         17         16         100   

2010

     100         —           4         96   

2011

     96         1         —           97   

2012

     97         —           1         96   

2013

     96         5         —           101   

 

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During fiscal 2013, we relocated one store, completed five major remodels of our stores as well as many other limited remodels and store resets. In addition, we acquired one supermarket and one fuel center. We also opened four new Valu Land stores and two new fuel centers.

We expect to continue making meaningful progress with our capital investment program during fiscal 2014 by opening one to three new Valu Land stores, completing up to 12 minor remodels and three major remodels of our stores and converting up to 13 Glen’s Markets locations to the Family Fare Supermarkets brand. We evaluate proposed retail projects based on demographics and competition within each market, and prioritize projects based on their expected returns on investment. Approval of proposed capital projects requires a projected internal rate of return that meets or exceeds our policy; however, we may undertake projects that do not meet this standard to the extent they represent required maintenance or necessary infrastructure improvements. In addition, we perform a post completion review of financial results versus our expectation on all major projects. We believe that focusing on such measures provides us with an appropriate level of discipline in our capital expenditures process.

Products

We offer a wide variety of grocery products, general merchandise and health and beauty care, pharmacy, fuel and other items and services. Our consolidated net sales include the net sales of our corporate-owned stores and fuel centers and the net sales of our Distribution business, which excludes sales to affiliated stores.

The following table presents sales by type of similar product and services:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

   2013     2012     2011  

Non-perishables (1)

   $ 1,289,461         49.4   $ 1,293,147         49.1   $ 1,297,719         51.2

Perishables (2)

     930,659         35.7        933,545         35.4        906,945         35.8   

Fuel

     209,028         8.0        219,903         8.4        123,262         4.9   

Pharmacy

     179,012         6.9        187,631         7.1        205,138         8.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consolidated net sales

   $ 2,608,160         100   $ 2,634,226         100   $ 2,533,064         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Consists primarily of general merchandise, grocery, beverages, snacks and frozen foods.
(2) Consists primarily of produce, dairy, meat, bakery, deli, floral and seafood.

Note: Fiscal 2012 had 53 weeks while both 2013 and 2011 had 52 weeks.

Reporting Segment Financial Data

More detailed information about our reporting segments may be found in Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, which is herein incorporated by reference. All of our sales and all of our assets are in the United States of America.

Discontinued Operations

Certain of our retail and grocery distribution operations have been recorded as discontinued operations. Discontinued retail operations consist of certain stores that have been closed or sold. Discontinued Distribution operations consist of our Maumee, Ohio and Toledo, Ohio distribution centers that previously serviced retail stores which have been closed or sold.

Marketing and Merchandising

General. We continue to align our marketing and merchandising strategies with current consumer behaviors by providing initiatives centered on loyalty, value, and health and wellness. These strategies focus on consumer driven programs to effectively leverage the use of loyalty card program data and category management principles and satisfy the consumer’s needs.

 

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Our over-arching focus on the consumer gives us insight into purchasing and consumption behavior and the flexibility to adapt to rapidly changing market conditions by making tactical adjustments to our marketing and merchandising programs that deliver more tangible value to our customers. We will continue to expand these offerings and partner with our independent customers over time to realize incremental benefits.

As we expand our service offerings, we believe that we differentiate ourselves from our competitors by offering a full set of services, from value added services in our distribution segment to the addition of fuel centers and Starbucks Coffee shops in some of our retail stores. To engender loyalty with our customers, we provide them with discounts on fuel purchases at our fuel centers. Fuel centers have proven to be effective traffic-builders for fuel-purchasing customers who wish to take advantage of cross-promotions between the stores and the Quick Stop fuel centers. Consumers are focusing on value in today’s economy, and offerings such as the fuel rewards program are helping us to meet that need.

We continue to evolve our Pharmacy Plus program by connecting with the consumer and focusing on health and wellness. We offer pharmacy services in 67 of our supermarkets and believe the pharmacy service offering is an important part of the consumer experience. As a result, to provide excellent value on medications, we offer free medications (antibiotics, diabetic medications and pre-natal vitamins) along with generic drugs for $4 and $10 as well as food solutions for preventative health and education for our customers.

In fiscal 2012, we expanded our “Yes Rewards” customer loyalty program to include Family Fare and D&W Fresh Market locations, effectively linking all of our conventional grocery stores to the same loyalty platform. This program, which was first introduced in the Glen’s Markets banner in the first quarter of fiscal 2010 and expanded to VG’s Food and Pharmacy in fiscal 2011, is providing us with more sophisticated data to better understand our customers’ purchasing behavior. This information is integral to improving the effectiveness of our promotions, marketing and merchandising programs. We also expect the program to help build longer-term customer loyalty, improve our sales growth opportunities and further strengthen our market position. We expect to achieve these goals by understanding what is important to our customers and being able to offer relevant communication, products and promotional offers.

We strive to be a health and wellness solution for our customers as well. One way that we do this is with our Nutrition Guide tags which provide nutrition information on shelf tags for thousands of items throughout the store, making it easy for our customers to purchase items that meet their health needs. We were also one of the first retailers in the country to begin to incorporate the Food Marketing Institute’s “Facts Up Front” nutrition labeling on our Spartan and Spartan Fresh Selections private brand packages. We expect to be the first retailer in the country to have substantially all of our private brand packaging to incorporate Facts Up Front on the label by the end of calendar 2013. In addition, based on the success of our corporate-owned retail stores, we have rolled out our Nutrition Guide program to our independent distribution customers as well. This value-add service enables our independent customers to communicate important product nutrition information to their customers in a consumer-friendly manner.

At Spartan Stores, we are committed to being a consumer driven retailer. In fiscal 2009, we implemented a customer satisfaction program that gives consumers a channel for communicating their store experiences. Retail customers are randomly selected via point-of-sale receipts and invited to give us feedback by taking an online survey. Results of these surveys help us assess overall customer satisfaction and identify several opportunities to focus on to drive consumer satisfaction and loyalty. From this program we have developed a fresh selection initiative to drive our competitive advantage. We value the opinions of our consumers and believe the best way to deliver a high quality shopping experience is to let customers tell us what they want and need. We believe this survey dialogue will better enable us to identify opportunities for continuous improvements for consistency and excellence in the overall consumer experience.

Over the past two years we have been experimenting with a value store format, under the banner Valu Land. We converted three small store locations to this format in fiscal 2012 and during fiscal 2013 we opened four new

 

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Valu Land locations and we plan to open one to three additional new Valu Land locations in fiscal 2014. We are still very early in the development and testing of this store format and will continue to fine tune the offering as our learnings progress.

Private Brands. We currently market and distribute over 4,100 private brand items including our flagship Spartan brand, Spartan Fresh Selections, Top Care, a health and beauty care brand, Full Circle, a natural and organic brand, World Classics a premium, unique and worldly brand, Paws, a pet supplies brand, B-leve a premium bath and beauty brand, and Valu Time, a value brand. We believe that our private brand offerings are part of our most valuable strategic assets, demonstrated through customer loyalty and profitability. These product offerings are serving us particularly well as the consumer becomes more value orientated.

We have worked diligently to develop a premier private brand program. We have added more than 400 corporate brand products to our consumer offer in the past year and plan to introduce approximately 300 new items in fiscal 2014. Our products are continually recognized for excellence in packaging design and product development. These awards underscore our continued commitment to providing the consumer with quality products at exceptional value.

We continually focus on pursuing new opportunities and expanding our offerings to consumers. In fiscal 2014, we plan to launch a new baby brand, Tippy Toes by TopCare, which we expect to drive awareness about baby products and offerings available at Spartan Stores.

Competition

Our Distribution and Retail segments operate in highly competitive markets, which typically result in low profit margins for the industry as a whole. We compete with, among others, regional and national grocery distributors, independently owned retail grocery stores, large chain stores that have integrated wholesale and retail operations, mass merchandisers, limited assortment stores and wholesale membership clubs, many of whom have greater resources than we do. The principal competitive factors in the retail grocery business include the location and image of the store; the price, quality and variety of the perishable products; and the quality and consistency of service.

We believe we have developed and implemented strategies and processes that allow us to remain competitive in our Retail segment. We monitor planned store openings by our competitors and have established proactive strategies to respond to new competition both before and after the competitive store opening. Strategies to combat competition vary based on many factors, such as the competitor’s format, strengths, weaknesses, pricing and sales focus. During the past three fiscal years, four competitor supercenters opened in markets in which we operate corporate-owned stores. One additional opening is expected to occur during fiscal 2014 against our corporate-owned stores. As a result of these openings we believe the majority of our supermarkets compete with one, if not multiple, supercenters.

The primary competitive factors in the distribution business include price, product quality, variety and service. We believe our overall service level, defined as actual units shipped divided by actual units ordered is among industry leading performance in our Distribution segment.

Seasonality

Our sales and operating performance vary with seasonality. Our first and fourth quarters are typically our lowest sales quarters. Therefore, operating results are generally lower during these two quarters. Additionally, these two quarters can be affected by the timing of the Easter holiday, which results in a strong sales week. Many northern Michigan stores are dependent on tourism and therefore, are most affected by seasons and weather patterns, including, but not limited to, the amount and timing of snowfall during the winter months and the range

 

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of temperature during the summer months. All quarters are 12 weeks, except for our third quarter, which is 16 weeks and includes the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays. Fiscal 2012 contained 53 weeks; therefore, the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012 consisted of 13 weeks rather than 12 weeks.

Suppliers

We purchase products from a large number of national, regional and local suppliers of name brand and private brand merchandise. We have not encountered any material difficulty in procuring or maintaining an adequate level of products to serve our customers. No single supplier accounts for more than 11% of our purchases. We continue to develop strategic relationships with key suppliers and we believe this will prove valuable in the development of enhanced promotional programs and consumer value perceptions.

Intellectual Property

We own valuable intellectual property, including trademarks and other proprietary information, some of which are of material importance to our business.

Technology

Spartan continues to invest in technology as a means of maximizing the efficiency of our operations, improving service to our customers, and where possible deploying technology to provide a competitive advantage in the marketplace.

Supply Chain. During fiscal 2013, we continued to make major enhancements to our web based product information system for use by our distribution customers. We added the first phase of our new retail price management system which allows our independent customers to better manage and control the retail prices of the products we supply. We also improved the features in the system to manage production of shelf labels. We installed a major upgrade to our wholesale order processing system. In the distribution area, we upgraded the voice technology hardware and software in our warehouses to provide added capabilities to the system. We installed a new fuel management system and a new facilities maintenance management system. These projects are all designed to provide expanded and more timely information so our distribution customers can make better decisions and more effectively compete in the marketplace.

Retail Systems. During fiscal 2013, we completed a major hardware and software upgrade to our Point-of-Sale system which provided the technology to move to a touch screen based system. We implemented the first Pharmacy Central Fill site to provide improved efficiencies to our pharmacy operation. We enhanced the loyalty marketing system to provide e-mail click–to-card capability and we developed and deployed mobile smartphone applications. We enhanced functionality for our consumer web sites and completely revamped our corporate web site.

Administrative Systems. During fiscal 2013, we completed a major upgrade to our financial system to add new functionality and features. We implemented numerous enhancements to our Human Resource system in the areas of management self service functions, applicant management system and our learning management system.

Information Technology Infrastructure. We completed a storage system upgrade to our backup storage system. We added additional processing capacity and increased our network bandwidth at our primary and backup data centers. We continued to enhance our security systems at our retail locations and our central processing sites.

Subsidiaries

Our Distribution segment consists primarily of our wholly owned subsidiary, Spartan Stores Distribution, LLC. We operate our Retail segment through our wholly owned subsidiary, Seaway Food Town, Inc. and its respective subsidiaries.

 

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Associates

We currently employ approximately 8,650 associates, 4,225 of which are full-time and 4,425 of which are part-time. Unions represent approximately 8% of our associates.

We consider our relations with our union and non-union associates to be good and have not had any material work stoppages in over twenty years. On October 6, 2012 General Teamsters Union Local 406 ratified a three-year labor agreement with Spartan Stores which expires on October 10, 2015.

Regulation

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations covering the purchase, handling, sale and transportation of our products. Several of our products are subject to federal Food and Drug Administration regulation. We believe that we are in substantial compliance in all material respects with the Food and Drug Administration and other federal, state and local laws and regulations governing our businesses.

Forward-Looking Statements

The matters discussed in this Item 1 include forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Available Information

The address of our web site is www.spartanstores.com. The inclusion of our website address in this Form 10-K does not include or incorporate by reference the information on or accessible through our website, and you should not consider information contained on or accessible through those websites as part of this Form 10-K. We make our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other reports (and amendments to those reports) filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act available on our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such materials with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Interested persons can view such materials without charge by clicking on “For Investors” and then “SEC Filings” on our web site. Spartan Stores is an “accelerated filer” within the meaning of Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Our business faces many risks. If any of the events or circumstances described in the following risk factors occurs, our financial condition or results of operations may suffer, and the trading price of our common stock could decline. This discussion of risk factors should be read in conjunction with the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All of our forward-looking statements are affected by the risk factors discussed in this item and this discussion of risk factors should be read in conjunction with the discussion of forward-looking statements which appears at the beginning of this report.

We operate in an extremely competitive industry. Many of our competitors are much larger than we are and may be able to compete more effectively.

Our Distribution and Retail segments compete with, among others, regional and national grocery distributors, independently owned retail grocery stores, large chain stores that have integrated wholesale and retail operations, mass merchandisers, limited assortment stores and wholesale membership clubs, many of whom have greater resources than we do. Some of our distribution and retail competitors are substantially larger and have greater financial resources and geographic scope, lower merchandise acquisition costs and lower operating expenses than we do, intensifying competition at the wholesale and retail levels.

 

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The effects of industry consolidation and the expansion of alternative store formats have resulted in, and continue to result in, market share losses for traditional grocery stores. These trends have produced even stronger competition for our retail business and for the independent customers of our distribution business. To the extent our independent customers are acquired by our competitors or are not successful in competing with other retail chains and non-traditional competitors, sales by our distribution business will be affected. If we fail to implement strategies to respond efffectively to these competitive pressures, our operating results could be adversely affected by price reductions, decreased sales or margins, or loss of market share.

This competition may result in reduced profit margins and other harmful effects on us and the Distribution customers that we supply. Ongoing industry consolidation could result in our loss of customers that we currently supply and could confront our retail operations with competition from larger and better-capitalized chains in existing or new markets. We may not be able to compete successfully in this environment.

Government regulation could harm our business.

Our business is subject to extensive governmental laws and regulations including, but not limited to, employment and wage laws and regulations, regulations governing the sale of pharmaceuticals, alcohol and tobacco, minimum wage requirements, working condition requirements, public accessibility requirements, citizenship requirements, environmental regulation, and other laws and regulations. A violation or change of these laws could have a material effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Like other companies that sell food and drugs, our stores are subject to various federal, state, local, and foreign laws, regulations, and administrative practices affecting our business. We must comply with numerous provisions regulating health and sanitation standards, facilities inspection, food labeling, and licensing for the sale of food, drugs, tobacco and alcoholic beverages.

We cannot predict the nature of future laws, regulations, interpretations, or applications, or determine what effect either additional government regulations or administrative orders, when and if promulgated, or disparate federal, state, local, and foreign regulatory requirements will have on our future business. They could, however, require that we recall or discontinue sale of certain products, make substantial changes to our facilities or operations, or otherwise result in substantial increases in operating expense. Any or all of such requirements could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

We are subject to state and federal environmental regulations.

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, we may, as the owner or operator of our locations, be liable for the costs of removal or remediation of contamination at these current or our former locations, whether or not we knew of, or were responsible for, the presences of such contamination. The failure to properly remediate such contamination may subject us to liability to third parties and may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease such property or to borrow money using such property as collateral.

Compliance with existing and future environmental laws regulating underground storage tanks may require significant capital expenditures and increased operating and maintenance costs.

The remediation costs and other costs required to clean up or treat contaminated sites could be substantial. In the future, we may incur substantial expenditures for remediation of contamination that has not been discovered at existing or acquired locations. We cannot assure you that we have identified all environmental liabilities at all of our current and former locations; that material environmental conditions not known to us do not exist; that future laws, ordinances or regulations will not impose material environmental liability on us; or that a material environmental condition does not otherwise exist as to any one or more of our locations. In addition, failure to comply with any environmental laws, ordinances or regulations or an increase in regulations could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

 

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Safety concerns regarding our products could harm our business.

It is sometimes necessary for us to recall unsafe, contaminated or defective products. Recall costs can be material and we might not be able to recover costs from our suppliers. Concerns regarding the safety of food products sold by us could cause shoppers to avoid purchasing certain products from us, or to seek alternative sources of supply for some or all of their food needs, even if the basis for concern is outside of our control. Any loss of confidence on the part of our customers would be difficult and costly to overcome. Any real or perceived issue regarding the safety of any food or drug items sold by us, regardless of the cause, could have a substantial and adverse effect on our business.

We may not be able to implement our strategy of growth through acquisitions.

Part of our growth strategy involves selected acquisitions of additional retail grocery stores, grocery store chains or distribution facilities. We may not be able to implement this part of our growth strategy or ultimately be successful. We may not be able to identify suitable acquisition candidates in the future, complete acquisitions or obtain the necessary financing.

Because we operate in the Distribution business, future acquisitions of retail grocery stores could result in us competing with our independent grocery store customers and could have adverse effects on existing business relationships with our Distribution customers.

The success of our store acquisitions will depend, in part, on whether we achieve the business synergies and related cost savings that we anticipated in connection with these transactions and any future acquisitions. Accordingly, we may not achieve expected results and long-term business goals.

Our business is subject to risks from regional economic conditions, fuel prices, and other factors in our markets.

Our business is sensitive to changes in general economic conditions. In recent years, the United States has experienced volatility in the economy and financial markets due to uncertainties related to energy prices, availability of credit, difficulties in the banking and financial services sector, the decline in the housing market, diminished market liquidity, falling consumer confidence and rising unemployment rates. Furthermore, most of our sales are to customers located in Michigan and Indiana and the Michigan economy in particular is dependent upon the automotive industry, which is still challenged. Michigan continues to have one of the highest unemployment rates in the country. These adverse economic conditions in our markets, potential reduction in the populations in our markets and the loss of purchasing power by residents in our markets could reduce the amount and mix of groceries purchased, adversely affecting our revenues and profitability. Further adverse developments in the automotive and auto supply industries in Michigan and Indiana could have an additional adverse affect on purchasing power of our customers and prospective customers in some markets served by our retail stores and those of our Distribution customers. This could lead to additional reductions in consumer spending, to consumers trading down to less expensive mix of products or to consumers trading down to discounters, all of which may affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Rising gasoline prices may affect consumer behavior and retail grocery prices. The impact of rising petroleum prices may prompt consumers to make different choices in how and where they shop due to the high price of gasoline. Additionally, the impact of higher fuel costs is passed through by manufacturers and distributors in the prices of goods and services provided, again potentially affecting consumer buying decisions. This could have adverse impacts on retail store traffic, basket size and overall spending at both our corporate and independent retail stores.

In addition, many of our retail grocery stores, as well as stores operated by our Distribution customers are located in areas of northern Michigan that are heavily dependent upon tourism. Unseasonable weather conditions

 

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and the economic conditions discussed above may decrease tourism activity and could result in decreased sales by our retail grocery stores and decreased sales to our Distribution customers, adversely affecting our business.

Economic downturns and uncertainty have adversely affected overall demand and intensified price competition, and have caused consumers to “trade down” by purchasing lower margin items and to make fewer purchases in traditional supermarket channels. Continued negative economic conditions affecting disposable consumer income such as employment levels, business conditions, changes in housing market conditions, the availability of credit, interest rates, volatility in fuel and energy costs, food price inflation or deflation, employment trends in our markets and labor costs, the impact of natural disasters or acts of terrorism, and other matters affecting consumer spending could cause consumers to continue shifting even more of their spending to lower-priced products and competitors. The continued general reductions in the level of discretionary spending or shifts in consumer discretionary spending to our competitors could adversely affect our growth and profitability.

Inflation and deflation may adversely affect our operating results.

In this uncertain economy, it is difficult to forecast whether fiscal 2014 will be a period of inflation or deflation. Food deflation could reduce sales growth and earnings, while food inflation, combined with reduced consumer spending, could reduce gross profit margins. If we experience significant inflation or deflation, especially in the context of continued lower consumer spending, then our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.

We may be unable to retain our key management personnel.

Our success depends to a significant degree upon the continued contributions of senior management. The loss of any key member of our management team may prevent us from implementing our business plans in a timely manner. We cannot assure you that successors of comparable ability will be identified and appointed and that our business will not be adversely affected.

A number of our Distribution segment associates are covered by collective bargaining agreements.

Most of our warehouse associates in our Distribution business segment are covered by a collective bargaining agreement which expires in October 2015. We expect that rising health care, pension and other employee benefit costs, among other issues, will continue to be important topics of negotiation with the labor union. Upon the expiration of our collective bargaining agreement, work stoppages by the affected workers could occur if we are unable to negotiate an acceptable contract with the labor union. This could significantly disrupt our operations. Further, if we are unable to control health care and pension costs provided for in the collective bargaining agreement, we may experience increased operating costs and an adverse impact on future results of operations.

Unions may attempt to organize additional employees.

While we believe that relations with our employees are good, we may become the target of union organizing campaigns similar to those faced by our competitors. The potential for unionization could increase as any new related legislation is passed. We respect our employees’ right to unionize or not to unionize. However, the unionization of a significant portion of our workforce could increase our overall costs at the affected locations and adversely affect our flexibility to run our business in the most efficient manner to remain competitive or acquire new business and could adversely affect our results of operations by increasing our labor costs or otherwise restricting our ability to maximize the efficiency of our operations.

Costs related to multi-employer pension plans and other postretirement plans could increase.

We contribute to the Central States Southeast and Southwest Pension Fund, a multi-employer pension plan, based on obligations arising under a collective bargaining agreement with Teamster local 406. The plan is not

 

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administered by or in any way controlled by us. We have relatively little control over the level of contributions we are required to make to the plan and it is currently underfunded. As a result, contributions are scheduled to increase and we expect that contributions to the plans will be subject to further increases. Benefit levels and related issues will continue to create collective bargaining challenges. The amount of any increase or decrease in our required contributions to the multi-employer pension plan will depend upon the outcome of collective bargaining, actions taken by trustees who manage the plan, governmental regulations, the actual return on assets held in the plan, the continued viability and contributions of other employers which contribute to the plan, and the potential payment of a withdrawal liability if we choose to exit a market, among other factors.

Under current law, an employer that withdraws or partially withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan may incur a withdrawal liability to the plan, which represents the portion of the plan’s underfunding that is allocable to the withdrawing employer under very complex actuarial and allocation rules. Withdrawal liabilities may be incurred under a variety of circumstances, including selling, closing or substantially reducing employment at a facility. Withdrawal liabilities could be material, and potential exposure to withdrawal liabilities may influence business decisions and could cause the company to forgo business opportunities.

We maintain a defined benefit retirement plan for substantially all of our employees that do not participate in multi-employer pension plans. This plan is a cash balance pension plan and was frozen as of January 1, 2011. Expenses associated with the defined benefit plans may significantly increase due to changes to actuarial assumptions or investment returns on plan assets that are less favorable than projected. In addition, changes in our funding status could adversely affect our financial position.

Risks associated with insurance plan claims could increase future expenses.

We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance to provide for potential liabilities for workers’ compensation, automobile and general liability, property insurance, director and officers’ liability insurance, and employee health care benefits. The liabilities that have been recorded for these claims represent our best estimate, using generally accepted actuarial reserving methods, of the ultimate obligations for reported claims plus those incurred but not reported for all claims incurred through March 30, 2013. Any actuarial projection of losses is subject to a high degree of variability. Changes in legal trends and interpretations, variability in inflation rates, changes in the nature and method of claims settlement, benefit level changes due to changes in applicable laws, and changes in discount rates could all affect the level of reserves required and could cause future expense to maintain reserves at appropriate levels.

Costs related to associate healthcare benefits are expected to continue to increase.

We provide health benefits for a large number of associates. Our costs to provide such benefits continue to increase annually and recent legislative and private sector initiatives regarding healthcare reform are likely to result in significant changes to the U.S. healthcare system. At this time we are not able to determine the impact that healthcare reform will have on the Company-sponsored healthcare plans. In addition, we participate in various multi-employer health plans for our union associates, and we are required to make contributions to these plans in amounts established under collective bargaining agreements. The cost of providing benefits through such plans has escalated rapidly in recent years. The amount of any increase or decrease in our required contributions to these multi-employer plans will depend upon many factors, many of which are beyond our control. If we are unable to control the costs of providing healthcare to associates, we may experience increased operating costs, which may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Changes in vendor promotions or allowances, including the way vendors target their promotional spending, and our ability to effectively manage these programs could significantly impact our margins and profitability.

We cooperatively engage in a variety of promotional programs with our vendors. As the parties assess the results of specific promotions and plan for future promotions, the nature of these programs and the allocation of

 

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dollars among them changes over time. We manage these programs to maintain or improve margins while at the same time increasing sales for us and for the vendors. A reduction in overall promotional spending or a shift in promotional spending away from certain types of promotions that we and our distribution customers have historically utilized could have a significant impact on profitability.

Threats to security or the occurrence of a health pandemic could harm our business.

Our business could be severely impacted by wartime activities, threats or acts of terrorism or a widespread health pandemic. Any of these events could adversely impact our business by disrupting delivery of products to our corporate stores or our independent retail customers, by affecting our ability to appropriately staff our stores and by causing customers to avoid public places.

We have large, complex information technology systems that are important to our business operations. Although we have implemented security programs and disaster recovery facilities and procedures, security could be compromised and systems disruptions, data theft or other criminal activity could occur. This could result in a loss of sales or profits or cause us to incur significant costs to restore our systems or to reimburse third parties for damages.

Severe weather and natural disasters could harm our business.

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters, whether a result of climate change or otherwise, could affect the suppliers from whom we purchase products and could cause disruptions in our operations. Unseasonably adverse climatic conditions that impact growing conditions and the crops of food producers may adversely affect the availability or cost of certain products.

Damage to our facilities could harm our business.

A majority of the product we supply to our retail stores and Distribution customers flows through our distribution center. While we believe we have adopted commercially reasonable precautions, insurance programs, and contingency plans, the destruction of, or substantial damage to, our distribution center due to natural disaster, severe weather conditions, accident, terrorism, or other causes could substantially compromise our ability to distribute products to our retail stores and Distribution customers. This could result in a loss of sales, profits and asset value.

Restrictive covenants imposed by our credit facility and other factors could adversely affect our ability to borrow.

Our ability to borrow additional funds is governed by the terms of our credit facilities. The credit facilities contain financial and other covenants that, among other things, limit the Company’s ability to draw down the full amount of the facility, incur additional debt outside of the credit facility, create new liens on property, make acquisitions, or pay dividends. These covenants may affect our operating flexibility and may require us to seek the consent of the lenders to certain transactions that we may wish to effect. We are not currently restricted by these covenants. Disruptions in the financial markets have in the past resulted in bank failures. One or more of the participants in our credit facility could become unable to fund our future borrowings when needed. We believe that cash generated from operating activities and available borrowings under our credit facility will be sufficient to meet anticipated requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, and debt service obligations for the foreseeable future. However, there can be no assurance that our business will continue to generate cash flow at or above current levels or that we will maintain our ability to borrow under our credit facility. The Company may not be able to refinance its existing debt at similar terms.

 

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Impairment charges for goodwill or other intangible assets would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We are required to test annually goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, including the goodwill associated with past acquisitions and any future acquisitions, to determine if impairment has occurred. Additionally, interim reviews must be performed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that impairment may have occurred. If the testing performed indicates that impairment has occurred, we are required to record a non-cash impairment charge for the difference between the carrying value of the goodwill or other intangible assets and the implied fair value of the goodwill or other intangible assets in the period the determination is made.

The testing of goodwill and other intangible assets for impairment requires management to make significant estimates about our future performance and cash flows, as well as other assumptions. These estimates can be affected by numerous factors, including potential changes in economic, industry or market conditions, changes in business operations, changes in competition or changes in our stock price and market capitalization. Changes in these factors, or changes in actual performance compared with estimates of our future performance, may affect the fair value of goodwill or other intangible assets, which may result in an impairment charge. We cannot accurately predict the amount and timing of any impairment of assets. Should the value of goodwill or other intangible assets become impaired, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

Distribution Segment Real Estate

The following table lists the current location, approximate size and ownership of the facilities used in our Distribution segment:

 

Facilities

   Location      Total Square
Feet
     Ownership  

Dry grocery

     Grand Rapids, MI         585,492         Owned   

Fresh (refrigerated)

     Grand Rapids, MI         306,522         Owned   

General merchandise

     Grand Rapids, MI         232,700         Owned   

General office (including print shop)

     Grand Rapids, MI         127,323         Owned   

Transportation and salvage

     Grand Rapids, MI         78,760         Owned   

Warehouse and office

     Grand Rapids, MI         47,500         Leased   
     

 

 

    

Total

        1,378,297      
     

 

 

    

We believe that our distribution facilities are generally well maintained, are generally in good operating condition, have sufficient capacity and are suitable and adequate to carry on our distribution business.

 

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Retail Segment Real Estate

The following table lists the retail banner, number of stores, geographic region, approximate total square footage under the banner, average store size (in square feet) and ownership of our retail supermarkets:

 

Retail Banner

  Number
of
Stores
    Geographic Region   Total
Square
Feet
    Average
Store
Size
    Ownership  

Family Fare Supermarkets

    43      Western, Northern and Central Michigan     1,887,934        43,905        Leased   

Glen’s Markets

    24      Northern and Central Michigan     867,070        36,128        Leased   

VG’s Food and Pharmacy

    16      Eastern Michigan     760,018        47,501        Leased   

D&W Fresh Markets

    8      Western Michigan     372,101        46,513        Leased   

D&W Fresh Markets

    2      Western and Central Michigan     84,458        42,229        Owned   

Valu Land

    7      Northern, Central and Eastern Michigan     156,579        22,368        Leased   

Forest Hills Foods

    1      Western Michigan     50,250        50,250        Leased   
 

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total

    101          4,178,410        41,370     
 

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

We also own one fuel center in Western Michigan that is not included at a supermarket location but is adjacent to our corporate headquarters.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

Various lawsuits and claims, arising in the ordinary course of business, are pending or have been asserted against Spartan Stores. While the ultimate effect of such lawsuits and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that their outcome will not result in an adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, operating results or liquidity of Spartan Stores.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

Not Applicable

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

Spartan Stores common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “SPTN.”

Stock sale prices are based on transactions reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market. Information on quarterly high and low sales prices for Spartan Stores’ common stock appears in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements and is incorporated here by reference. At May 20, 2013, there were approximately 435 shareholders of record of Spartan Stores common stock.

Spartan Stores paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per common share from the fiscal 2006 fourth quarter through the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011. In May 2011, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the quarterly dividend rate to $0.065 per common share beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2012; and in May 2012 approved an increase to $0.08 per common share beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2013. Under its senior revolving credit facility, Spartan Stores is generally permitted to pay dividends in any fiscal year up to an amount such that all cash dividends, together with any cash distributions or share repurchases, do not exceed $30.0 million. Although we expect to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend, adoption of a dividend policy does not commit the board of directors to declare future dividends. Each future dividend will be considered and declared by the Board of Directors at its discretion. The ability of the Board of Directors to continue to declare dividends will depend on a number of factors, including our future financial condition and profitability and compliance with the terms of our credit facilities. In May 2011, the Board approved a five-year share repurchase program for up to $50 million of Spartan Stores’ stock. During fiscal 2013 and 2012, the Company purchased 634,408 and 687,200 shares of its common stock for approximately $11.4 million and $12.4 million respectively.

The equity compensation plans table in Item 12 is here incorporated by reference.

 

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The following table provides information regarding Spartan Stores’ purchases of its own common stock during the fourth quarter. Spartan Stores did not repurchase shares of common stock under the share repurchase program during the quarter ended March 30, 2013. All employee transactions are under associate stock compensation plans. These may include: (1) shares of Spartan Stores, Inc. common stock delivered in satisfaction of the exercise price and/or tax withholding obligations by holders of employee stock options who exercised options, and (2) shares submitted for cancellation to satisfy tax withholding obligations that occur upon the vesting of the restricted shares. The value of the shares delivered or withheld is determined by the applicable stock compensation plan.

Spartan Stores, Inc. Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Period

   Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
     Average
Price Paid
per Share
     Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of  Publicly
Announced Programs
or Plans
     Approximate
Dollar Value of
Shares that May
Yet be  Purchased
Under Plans or
Programs
 
                          (In thousands)  

January 6 – February 2, 2013

           

Employee Transactions

     —         $ —           

Repurchase Program

     —         $ —           —         $ 26,238   

February 3 – March 2, 2013

           

Employee Transactions

     283       $ 15.90         

Repurchase Program

     —         $ —           —         $ 26,238   

March 2 – March 30, 2013

           

Employee Transactions

     —         $ —           

Repurchase Program

     —         $ —           —         $ 26,238   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total for Fourth Quarter ended March 30, 2013

           

Employee Transactions

     283       $ 15.90         
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

Repurchase Program

     —         $ —           —         $ 26,238   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Performance Graph

Set forth below is a graph comparing the cumulative total shareholder return on Spartan Stores’ common stock to that of the Russell 2000 Total Return Index and the NASDAQ Retail Trade Index, over a period beginning March 28, 2008 and ending on March 30, 2013.

Cumulative total return is measured by the sum of (1) the cumulative amount of dividends for the measurement period, assuming dividend reinvestment and (2) the difference between the share price at the end and the beginning of the measurement period, divided by the share price at the beginning of the measurement period.

 

LOGO

The dollar values for total shareholder return plotted above are shown in the table below:

 

     March 28,
2008
     March 27,
2009
     March 26,
2010
     March 26,
2011
     March 31,
2012
     March 30,
2013
 

Spartan Stores

   $ 100.00       $ 75.37       $ 73.03       $ 76.98       $ 94.04       $ 92.92   

Russell 2000 Total Return Index

     100.00         64.17         102.71         125.92         128.75         149.74   

NASDAQ Retail Trade

     100.00         75.88         113.48         130.96         170.89         185.69   

The information set forth under the Heading “Performance Graph” shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically requests that such information be treated as soliciting material or specifically incorporates it by reference into a filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following table provides selected historical consolidated financial information of Spartan Stores. The historical information was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements as of and for each of the five fiscal years ended March 28, 2009 through March 30, 2013. For all years presented, Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statements of Earnings information in this Form 10-K has been adjusted for the adoption of the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Subtopic 470-20 and for the adoption of updated provisions of ASC Topic 260. Fiscal 2012 consisted of 53 weeks. All other years presented consisted of 52 weeks.

 

    Year Ended  

(In thousands, except per share data)

  March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
    March 27,
2010
    March 28,
2009 (C)
 

Statements of Operations Data:

         

Net sales

  $ 2,608,160      $ 2,634,226      $ 2,533,064      $ 2,551,956      $ 2,576,738   

Cost of sales

    2,062,616        2,078,116        1,976,549        1,993,306        2,040,625   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

    545,544        556,110        556,515        558,650        536,113   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    482,987        489,650        488,017        493,832        463,369   

Restructuring, asset impairment and other (A)

    1,589        (23     532        6,154        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating earnings

    60,968        66,483        67,966        58,664        72,744   

Interest expense

    13,410        15,037        15,104        16,394        14,138   

Debt extinguishment

    5,047        —          —          —          —     

Other, net

    (756     (110     (97     (138     (341
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes and discontinued operations

    43,267        51,556        52,959        42,408        58,947   

Income taxes

    15,425        19,686        20,420        16,475        23,914   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

    27,842        31,870        32,539        25,933        35,033   

(Loss) earnings from discontinued operations, net of taxes (B)

    (432     (112     (232     (375     1,838   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

  $ 27,410      $ 31,758      $ 32,307      $ 25,558      $ 36,871   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

    21,773        22,791        22,606        22,406        22,102   

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

    21,848        22,887        22,688        22,480        22,262   

Basic earnings from continuing operations per share

  $ 1.28      $ 1.40      $ 1.44      $ 1.16      $ 1.59   

Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share

    1.27        1.39        1.43        1.15        1.57   

Basic earnings per share

    1.26        1.39        1.43        1.14        1.67   

Diluted earnings per share

    1.25        1.39        1.42        1.14        1.66   

Cash dividends declared per share

    0.32        0.26        0.20        0.20        0.20   

Balance Sheet Data:

         

Total assets

  $ 789,667      $ 763,473      $ 751,396      $ 753,481      $ 723,311   

Property and equipment, net

    272,126        256,776        241,448        247,961        234,806   

Working capital

    13,179        24,684        47,300        15,739        20,969   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations

    145,876        133,565        170,711        181,066        194,115   

Shareholders’ equity

    335,655        323,608        305,505        273,905        247,205   

 

(A) See Note 3 to Consolidated Financial Statements.
(B) See Note 13 to Consolidated Financial Statements.
(C) Spartan Stores acquired certain assets and assumed certain liabilities of VG’sFood Centers in fiscal 2009.

Historical data is not necessarily indicative of Spartan Stores’ future results of operations or financial condition. See discussion of “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of this report, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of this report, and the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Executive Overview

Spartan Stores is a leading regional grocery distributor and grocery retailer, operating principally in Michigan, Indiana and Ohio.

We currently operate two reportable business segments: Distribution and Retail. Our Distribution segment provides a full line of grocery, general merchandise, health and beauty care, frozen and perishable items to approximately 390 independently owned grocery stores, having recently added a new 12-store customer in Ohio, and our 101 corporate owned stores. Our Retail segment operates supermarkets in Michigan under the banners Family Fare Supermarkets, D&W Fresh Markets, Glen’s Markets, VG’s Food and Pharmacy, Forest Hills Foods and Valu Land, and 30 fuel centers/convenience stores, included at our supermarket locations, under the banners Family Fare Quick Stop, D&W Quick Stop, Glen’s Quick Stop, VG’s Quick Stop and Forest Hills Quick Stop. Our retail supermarkets have a “neighborhood market” focus to distinguish them from supercenters and limited assortment stores.

Our sales and operating performance vary with seasonality. Our first and fourth quarters are typically our lowest sales quarters and therefore operating results are generally lower during these two quarters. Additionally, these two quarters can be affected by the timing of the Easter holiday, which results in a strong sales period. Many northern Michigan stores are dependent on tourism, which is affected by the economic environment and seasonal weather patterns, including, but not limited to, the amount and timing of snowfall during the winter months and the range of temperature during the summer months. Typically all quarters are 12 weeks, except for our third quarter, which is 16 weeks and includes the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays. However, fiscal year 2012 included 53 weeks; therefore, the fourth quarter included 13 weeks.

We have established key management priorities that focus on the longer-term strategy of Spartan Stores, including establishing a well-differentiated market offering for our Distribution and Retail segments, and additional strategies designed to create value for our shareholders, retailers and customers. These priorities are:

 

   

Retail sales growth: Continue refining our capital plan focusing on remodels, replacement stores, adjacent acquisitions, expansions and new stores to fill in existing markets, leverage investments in fuel centers and pharmacy operations to drive related supermarket customer traffic and continue to focus on category management initiatives, specifically focusing on fresh and value oriented offerings. We also pursue prudent acquisitions to grow this segment.

 

   

Distribution sales growth: Focus on increasing penetration of existing customers, attracting new in-market customers and adjacent-state customers, continue to share “best retail practices” with customers, provide a superior value-added relationship and pursue appropriate acquisitions.

 

   

Margin optimization: Continued focus on leveraging our customer loyalty card data, increasing penetration of private brand programs, enhancing offerings in our fresh department, lowering the cost of merchandise through vendor partnerships, E-sourcing, and improving retail shrink.

 

   

Selling, general and administrative expense cost containment: Continue to focus on improving efficiency and general cost containment in all areas to allow us to remain cost competitive in the long-term.

We continued the execution of our capital investment program in fiscal 2013 by completing one store relocation, five major remodels of our stores as well as many other limited remodels and store resets. In addition, we acquired one supermarket and one fuel center. We also opened four new Valu Land stores and two new fuel centers.

The Michigan economy is gradually recovering. We believe that we are well-positioned to benefit from future improvements in the economy due to our capital investments in the retail and distribution segments and our continued effort to increase the value provided to our customers through leveraging loyalty card data and vendor partner expertise.

 

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For the first quarter of fiscal 2014, management anticipates that consolidated net sales will slightly exceed last year as it continues to benefit from the acquisition of a retail store, maturation of the customer loyalty program and new customer gains. These positive sales drivers will be partially offset by an estimated 70 basis point impact due to the shift of the Easter holiday selling week out of the first quarter of fiscal 2014 and into the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, the continued 70 to 100 basis point negative mix impact related to pharmacy prescription conversions from branded to generic drugs and a 40 basis point reduction in rate resulting from the cycling of the grand opening of a new relocated store. As a result, management expects comparable store sales in the retail segment to be down 2.0% or more for the first quarter of fiscal 2014. Management believes earnings per diluted share from continuing operations will slightly exceed the prior year first quarter when excluding the fiscal 2013 after-tax benefit of $0.6 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, due to changes in Michigan’s state tax laws. We anticipate that fiscal 2014 financial performance for the full year will exceed fiscal 2013’s net sales and earnings from continuing operations.

The matters discussed in this Item 7 include forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning and “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth items from our Consolidated Statements of Earnings as a percentage of net sales and the year-to-year percentage change in dollar amounts:

 

     Percentage of Net Sales      Percentage Change  
     March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
     2013/2012     2012/2011  

Net sales

     100.0        100.0        100.0         (1.0     4.0   

Gross margin

     20.9        21.1        22.0         (1.9     (0.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     18.5        18.6        19.3         (1.4     0.2   

Restructuring, asset impairment and other

     0.1        0.0        0.0         **        **   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

Operating earnings

     2.3        2.5        2.7         (8.3     (2.2

Other income and expenses

     0.6     0.5     0.6         18.6        (0.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

Earnings before income taxes and discontinued operations

     1.7        2.0        2.1         (16.1     (2.6

Income taxes

     0.6        0.8     0.8         (21.6     (3.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

Earnings from continuing operations

     1.1        1.2        1.3         (12.6     (2.1

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

     0.0        0.0        0.0         **        **   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

Net earnings

     1.1        1.2        1.3         (13.7     (1.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

* Difference due to rounding
** Percentage change is not meaningful

Adjusted earnings from Continuing Operations

Adjusted earnings from continuing operations is a non-GAAP operating financial measure that we define as earnings from continuing operations plus or minus adjustments for items that do not reflect the ongoing operating activities of the Company and costs associated with the closing of operational locations.

We believe that adjusted earnings from continuing operations provide a meaningful representation of our operating performance for the Company. We consider adjusted earnings from continuing operations as an additional way to measure operating performance on an ongoing basis. Adjusted earnings from continuing operations is meant to reflect the ongoing operating performance of all of our retail stores and wholesale operations; consequently, it excludes the impact of items that could be considered “non-operating” or “non-core”

 

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in nature, and also excludes the contributions of activities classified as discontinued operations. We believe that adjusted earnings from continuing operations provides useful information for our investors because it is a performance measure that management uses to allocate resources, assess performance against its peers and evaluate overall performance. In addition, securities analysts, fund managers and other shareholders and stakeholders that communicate with us request our operating financial results in adjusted earnings from continuing operations format.

Adjusted earnings from continuing operations is not a measure of performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and should not be considered as a substitute for net earnings, cash flows from operating activities and other income or cash flow statement data. Our definition of adjusted earnings from continuing operations may not be identical to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following is a reconciliation of Earnings from continuing operations to adjusted earnings from continuing operations for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011.

 

     2013     2012     2011  

(In thousands, except per share data)

  Earnings
from
continuing
operations
    Earnings
from
continuing
operations
per diluted
share
    Earnings
from
continuing
operations
    Earnings
from
continuing
operations
per diluted
share
    Earnings
from
continuing
operations
    Earnings
from
continuing
operations
per diluted
share
 

Earnings from continuing operations

  $ 27,842      $ 1.27      $ 31,870      $ 1.39      $ 32,539      $ 1.43   

Adjustments, net of taxes:

           

LIFO income related to warehouse consolidation

    —          —          —          —          (2,120     (0.09

Restructuring charges

    (58     —          —          —          1,564        0.07   

Asset impairment charges

    1,050        0.05        —          —          4,829        0.21   

Acquisition related professional fees

    247        0.01        —          —          —          —     

Non-recurring professional fees

    —          —          750        0.03        —          —     

Net benefit related to favorable lease terminations

    —          —          —          —          (3,618     (0.16

Pension curtailment income

    —          —          —          —          (2,448     (0.10 )* 

Gain on sale of assets

    (417     (0.02     (342     (0.01     —          —     

Interest rate swap termination

    —          —          487        0.02        —          —     

Debt extinguishment

    3,152        0.15     —          —          —          —     

Impact of 53rd week

    —          —          (1,380     (0.06     —          —     

Impact of state tax law changes

    (642     (0.03     518        0.02        —          —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted earnings from continuing operations

  $ 31,174      $ 1.43      $ 31,903      $ 1.39      $ 30,746      $ 1.36   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

* Difference due to rounding

Adjusted EBITDA

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP operating financial measure that we define as net earnings from continuing operations plus depreciation and amortization, and other non-cash items including imputed interest, deferred (stock) compensation, the LIFO provision, as well as adjustments for unusual items that do not reflect the ongoing operating activities of Spartan Stores and costs associated with the closing of operational locations, interest expense and the provision for income taxes to the extent deducted in the computation of Net Earnings.

 

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We believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides a meaningful representation of our operating performance for the Spartan Stores as a whole and for our operating segments. We consider Adjusted EBITDA as an additional way to measure operating performance on an ongoing basis. Adjusted EBITDA is meant to reflect the ongoing operating performance of all of our retail stores and wholesale operations; consequently, it excludes the impact of items that could be considered “non-operating” or “non-core” in nature, and also excludes the contributions of activities classified as discontinued operations. Because Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA by segment are performance measures that management uses to allocate resources, assess performance against its peers, and evaluate overall performance, we believe it provides useful information for our investors. In addition, securities analysts, fund managers and other shareholders and stakeholders that communicate with us request our operating financial results in Adjusted EBITDA format.

Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and should not be considered as a substitute for net earnings, cash flows from operating activities and other income or cash flow statement data. Our definition of Adjusted EBITDA may not be identical to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

 

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Following is a reconciliation of net earnings to Adjusted EBITDA for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011.

 

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     2011  

Net earnings

   $ 27,410      $ 31,758      $ 32,307   

Add:

      

Discontinued operations

     432        112        232   

Income taxes

     15,425        19,686        20,420   

Interest expense

     13,410        15,037        15,104   

Debt extinguishment

     5,047        —          —     

Non-operating expense

     (756     (110     (97
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating earnings

     60,968        66,483        67,966   

Add:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     39,081        36,794        35,158   

LIFO expense (income)

     335        1,401        (4,185

Restructuring and asset impairment costs

     1,589        (23     532   

53rd week

     —          (2,429     —     

Other unusual items

     396        1,194        —     

Non-cash stock compensation and other

     3,964        3,825        4,793   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 106,333      $ 107,245      $ 104,264   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reconciliation of operating earnings to adjusted EBITDA by segment:

      

Retail:

      

Operating earnings

   $ 15,338      $ 22,191      $ 19,979   

Add:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     30,369        28,350        26,693   

LIFO expense (income)

     936        1,864        954   

Restructuring and asset impairment costs

     1,589        14        267   

53rd week

     —          (1,497     —     

Other unusual items

     396        —          —     

Non-cash stock compensation and other

     2,534        1,541        (123
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 51,162      $ 52,463      $ 47,770   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Distribution:

      

Operating earnings

   $ 45,630      $ 44,292      $ 47,987   

Add:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     8,712        8,444        8,465   

LIFO (income) expense

     (601     (463     (5,139

Restructuring and asset impairment costs

     —          (37     265   

53rd week

     —          (932     —     

Other unusual items

     —          1,194        —     

Non-cash stock compensation and other

     1,430        2,284        4,916   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 55,171      $ 54,782      $ 56,494   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Results of Continuing Operations for the Fiscal Year Ended March 30, 2013 Compared to the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2012

Net Sales. Net sales for the 52 week fiscal 2013 decreased $26.1 million, or 1.0%, from $2,634.2 million in the 53 week fiscal 2012, to $2,608.2 million. The sales decrease was primarily driven by the 53rd week in fiscal 2012 which accounted for $49.8 million, partially offset by increases in both the Distribution and Retail segments.

 

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Net sales on a 52 week basis in our Distribution segment, after intercompany eliminations, increased $5.1 million, or 0.5%, from $1,115.6 million to $1120.7 million primarily due to new business sales. Distribution segment net sales for fiscal 2012 as reported for 53 weeks were $1,138.7 million.

Net sales on a 52 week basis in our Retail segment increased $18.7 million, or 1.3%, from $1,468.8 million to $1,487.5 million. The sales increase was primarily due to the acquisition of one supermarket late in the third quarter of fiscal 2013, increased fuel center sales of $11.3 million driven by higher retail fuel prices and an increase in volume and incremental sales from new fuel centers (including one acquired fuel center) of $2.4 million, partially offset by a decrease in supermarket comparable store sales of $6.6 million. Retail segment net sales for fiscal 2012 as reported for 53 weeks were $1,495.5 million. Total retail comparable store sales, excluding fuel centers, on a 52 week basis decreased approximately 0.5 percent in fiscal 2013 principally due to lower levels of inflation and the significant impact of the conversion from branded to generic drugs in our pharmacy operations. We define a retail store as comparable when it is in operation for 14 accounting periods (a period equals four weeks), and we include remodeled, expanded and relocated stores in comparable stores.

Gross Profit. Gross profit represents net sales less cost of sales, which include purchase costs, freight, physical inventory adjustments, markdowns and promotional allowances. Vendor allowances that relate to our buying and merchandising activities consist primarily of promotional allowances, which are generally allowances on purchased quantities and, to a lesser extent, slotting allowances, which are billed to vendors for our merchandising costs, such as setting up warehouse infrastructure. Vendor allowances associated with product cost are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales when the product is sold. Lump sum payments received for multi-year contracts are amortized over the life of the contracts based on contractual terms.

Gross profit decreased by $10.6 million, or 1.9%, from $556.1 million to $545.5 million. Excluding the 53rd week from fiscal 2012, gross profit decreased $1.1 million, or 0.2%, as a percent of net sales, gross profit decreased from 21.1% to 20.9%. The gross margin rate decrease was principally due to reduced inflation-driven inventory gains at the Distribution segment, the prize-freeze campaign at the Retail segment, and a slightly higher mix of lower-margin fuel sales.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist primarily of salaries and wages, employee benefits, warehousing costs, store occupancy costs, shipping and handling, utilities, equipment rental, depreciation and other administrative costs.

SG&A expenses increased $0.4 million, or 0.1%, from $482.6 million to $483.0 million, and were 18.5% of net sales compared to 18.3% last year, when excluding the 53rd week from fiscal 2012. The net increase in SG&A on a 52 week basis is due primarily to an increase in health care and occupancy costs, partially offset by a decrease in incentive compensation expense and unusual professional fees incurred in fiscal 2012.

Restructuring, Asset Impairment and Other. Fiscal 2013 asset impairment charges of $1.6 million were a result of the economic and competitive impacts on the financial performance of certain retail stores.

Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased $1.6 million, or 10.8%, from $15.0 million to $13.4 million. As a percent of net sales, interest expense decreased from 0.6% to 0.5%. The decrease in interest expense was due primarily to a $0.8 million charge for terminating the interest rate swap agreement in fiscal 2012 and lower average outstanding borrowings.

Debt Extinguishment—Debt extinguishment charges of $5.0 million were incurred in fiscal 2013 in connection with the private exchange of $40.3 million and redemption of $57.4 million of Convertible Senior Notes.

Income Taxes. The effective income tax rates were 35.7% and 38.2% for fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, respectively. The difference from the statutory Federal rate is primarily the result of state taxes and changes to

 

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the state of Michigan tax laws in fiscal 2012. The first quarter of fiscal 2013 includes a $0.7 million net after-tax benefit and the first quarter of fiscal 2012 includes a net after-tax charge of $0.5 million due to these changes. Excluding these items the effective income tax rates were 37.3% and 37.2% for fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, respectively.

Results of Continuing Operations for the Fiscal Year Ended March 30, 2012 Compared to the Fiscal Year Ended March 26, 2011

Net Sales. Net sales for the 53 week fiscal 2012 increased $101.2 million, or 4.0%, from $2,533.1 million in the 52 week fiscal 2011, to $2,634.2. The sales increase was primarily driven by the 53rd week, which accounted for $49.8 million as well as increases in both the Distribution and Retail segments.

Net sales on a 52 week basis in our Distribution segment, after intercompany eliminations, increased $25.9 million, or 2.4%, from $1,089.7 million to $1,115.6 million primarily due to new business sales. Distribution segment net sales for fiscal 2012 as reported for 53 weeks were $1,138.7 million.

Net sales on a 52 week basis in our Retail segment increased $25.4 million, or 1.8%, from $1,443.4 million to $1,468.8 million. Retail segment net sales for fiscal 2012 as reported for 53 weeks were $1,495.5 million. The sales increase was primarily due to an increase in fuel center sales of $47.7 million and a decrease in supermarket comparable store sales of $21.3 million. Retail segment net sales for fiscal 2012 as reported for 53 weeks were $1,495.5 million. Total retail comparable store sales on a 52 week basis decreased approximately 1.6 percent in fiscal 2012 principally due to the weakened economic environment and competitive impacts. We define a retail store as comparable when it is in operation for 14 accounting periods (a period equals four weeks), and we include remodeled, expanded and relocated stores in comparable stores.

Gross Profit. Gross profit represents net sales less cost of sales, which include purchase costs, freight, physical inventory adjustments, markdowns and promotional allowances. Vendor allowances that relate to our buying and merchandising activities consist primarily of promotional allowances, which are generally allowances on purchased quantities and, to a lesser extent, slotting allowances, which are billed to vendors for our merchandising costs, such as setting up warehouse infrastructure. Vendor allowances associated with product cost are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales when the product is sold. Lump sum payments received for multi-year contracts are amortized over the life of the contracts based on contractual terms.

Gross profit decreased by $0.4 million, or 0.1%, from $556.5 million to $556.1 million. As a percent of net sales, gross margin decreased from 22.0% to 21.1%. The gross profit rate decrease was principally due to a higher mix of fuel and distribution sales (which have a lower gross profit rate), incremental LIFO expense resulting from cycling the prior year inventory reductions from the warehouse consolidation initiative as well as higher inflation this year, and lower margins in both segments.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist primarily of salaries and wages, employee benefits, warehousing costs, store occupancy costs, shipping and handling, utilities, equipment rental, depreciation and other administrative costs.

SG&A expenses decreased $5.4 million, or 1.1%, from $488.0 million to $482.6 million, and were 18.3% of net sales compared to 19.3% last year, when excluding $7.1 million of expenses related to the 53rd week in fiscal 2012. The net decrease in SG&A was due primarily to reductions in store labor and occupancy costs, partially offset by increased fuel costs and unusual professional fees incurred in fiscal 2012.

Restructuring, Asset Impairment and Other. Fiscal 2011 restructuring, asset impairment and other includes $2.5 million for lease and related ancillary costs, severance and other costs directly related to warehouse consolidation and $7.9 million in asset impairment charges related to assets at underperforming stores and abandoned development projects. The asset impairment charges at underperforming stores resulted from the

 

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economic and competitive environment in which these stores operated. These charges were substantially offset by a $5.9 million benefit related to favorable lease terminations as a result of three leases being terminated by a bankruptcy judge. One of the leases related to a closed store and the other two leases were capital leases. The net benefit consists of the reversal of the restructuring cost liability for the closed store and the net value of the two capital lease obligations and assets. Also offsetting the charges was curtailment income of $4.0 million related to freezing the cash balance pension plan.

Interest Expense. Interest expense was $15.0 million, or 0.6% of net sales, and $15.1 million, or 0.6% of net sales, in fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. The slight decrease in interest expense was primarily due to lower net borrowings offset by increased non-cash interest related to our convertible debt facility.

Income Taxes. The effective income tax rate was 38.2% and 38.6% for fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. The difference from the statutory rate was primarily due to State of Michigan income taxes, partially offset by tax credits. The effective tax rate decreased in fiscal 2012 due to an increase in tax credits and charitable product contributions. In addition, fiscal 2012 included a $0.5 million charge for the write-off of net deferred tax assets and liabilities related to the Michigan Business tax that were no longer realizable as a result of the elimination of this tax, partially offset with a lower tax rate in Michigan effective with the new Corporate Income Tax on January 1, 2012.

Discontinued Operations

Certain of our retail and grocery distribution operations have been recorded as discontinued operations. Results of the discontinued operations are excluded from the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements for all periods presented, unless otherwise noted.

Critical Accounting Policies

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, intangible assets, assets held for sale, long-lived assets, income taxes, self-insurance reserves, restructuring costs, retirement benefits, stock-based compensation and contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions and factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Based on our ongoing review, we make adjustments we consider appropriate under the facts and circumstances. We have discussed the development, selection and disclosure of these policies with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

We believe that the following represent the more critical estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

Inventories. Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method. If replacement cost had been used, inventories would have been $44.1 million and $43.8 million higher at March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. The replacement cost method utilizes the most current unit purchase cost to calculate the value of inventories. During fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, certain inventory quantities were reduced. The reductions resulted in liquidation of LIFO inventory carried at lower costs prevailing in prior years, the effect of which decreased the LIFO provision in fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 by $1.0 million, $3.0 million and $7.7 million, respectively. Spartan Stores accounts for its Distribution inventory using a perpetual system and utilizes the retail inventory method (“RIM”) to value inventory for center store products in the Retail segment. Under the retail inventory method, inventory is stated at cost with cost of sales and gross margin calculated by applying a cost ratio to the retail value of inventories. Fresh, pharmacy and fuel products are accounted for at cost in the Retail segment. We evaluate inventory shortages throughout the year based on actual physical counts in our facilities. We record allowances for inventory shortages based on the

 

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results of recent physical counts to provide for estimated shortages from the last physical count to the financial statement date.

Vendor Funds. We receive funds from many of the vendors whose products we buy for resale in our corporate-owned stores and to our independent retail customers. Given the highly promotional nature of the retail supermarket industry, vendor allowances are generally intended to help defray the costs of promotion, advertising and selling the vendor’s products. Vendor allowances that relate to our buying and merchandising activities consist primarily of promotional allowances, which are generally allowances on purchased quantities and, to a lesser extent, slotting allowances, which are billed to vendors for our merchandising costs such as setting up warehouse infrastructure. The proper recognition and timing of accounting for these items are significant to the reporting of the results of our operations. Vendor allowances are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales when the related product is sold. Lump sum payments received for multi-year contracts are amortized over the life of the contracts based on contractual terms.

Goodwill. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment on an annual basis (during the fourth quarter), or whenever events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Fair values are determined based on the discounted cash flows and comparable market values of each reporting segment. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, the fair value of the implied goodwill is calculated as the difference between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of the underlying assets and liabilities, excluding goodwill. An impairment charge is recorded for any excess of the carrying value over the implied fair value. Our goodwill impairment analysis also includes a comparison of the aggregate estimated fair value of each reporting unit to our total market capitalization. Therefore, a significant and sustained decline in our stock price could result in goodwill impairment charges. During times of financial market volatility, significant judgment is given to determine the underlying cause of the decline and whether stock price declines are short-term in nature or indicative of an event or change in circumstances. When testing goodwill for impairment, our retail stores represent components of our Retail operating segment. Stores have been aggregated and deemed a single reporting unit as they have similar economic characteristics.

Determining market values using a discounted cash flow method requires that we make significant estimates and assumptions, including long-term projections of cash flows, market conditions and appropriate discount rates. Our judgments are based on the perspective of a market participant, historical experience, current market trends and other information. In estimating future cash flows, we rely on internally generated three-year forecasts for sales and operating profits, including capital expenditures and a 3.0% long-term assumed growth rate of cash flows for periods after the three-year forecast for the Retail segment and 2.5% for the Distribution segment. The future estimated cash flows were discounted using a rate of 10.0% and 11.1% for the Retail and Distribution segments, respectively. We generally develop these forecasts based on recent sales data for existing operations and other factors. While we believe that the estimates and assumptions underlying the valuation methodology are reasonable, different assumptions could result in different outcomes. Based on our annual review during fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, no goodwill impairment charge was required to be recorded. No goodwill impairment charge would be required even if the current estimate of future discounted cash flow was 5% lower. Furthermore, no goodwill impairment charge would be required if the discount rate was increased 0.25%. If our stock price experiences a significant and sustained decline, or other events or changes in circumstances occur, such as operating results not meeting our estimates, indicating that impairment may have occurred, we would re-evaluate our goodwill for impairment.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets Other Than Goodwill. Long-lived assets to be held and used are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. When the undiscounted future cash flows are not sufficient to recover an asset’s carrying amount, the fair value is compared to the carrying value to determine the impairment loss to be recorded. Long-lived assets are evaluated at the asset-group level, which is the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities. In fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 asset impairments for long-lived assets totaled $1.7 million, $0.2 million and $7.9 million, respectively.

 

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Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less cost to sell. Management determines fair values using independent appraisals, quotes or expected sales prices developed by internal real estate professionals. Estimates of expected sales prices are judgments based upon our experience, knowledge of market conditions and current offers received. Changes in market conditions, the economic environment and other factors can significantly impact these estimates. While we believe that the estimates and assumptions underlying the valuation methodology are reasonable, different assumptions could result in a different outcome. If the current estimate of future discounted cash flows was 10% lower an additional impairment charge $0.2 million would be required.

Restructuring Costs. We record restructuring costs for closed stores that are subject to long-term lease commitments based upon the future minimum lease payments and related ancillary costs from the date of closure to the end of the remaining lease term, net of estimated sublease rentals that could be reasonably expected to be obtained for the property. Future cash flows are based on contractual lease terms and knowledge of the market in which the closed store is located. These estimates are subject to multiple factors, including inflation, ability to sublease the property and other economic conditions. Internally developed estimates of sublease rentals are based upon the market in which the property is located, the results of previous efforts to sublease similar property and the current economic environment. Reserves may be adjusted in the future based upon the actual resolution of each of these factors. For any closed store reserves recorded as part of purchase accounting prior to the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 805, adjustments that decrease the liability are generally recorded as a reduction of goodwill. At March 30, 2013 restructuring costs for store lease and ancillary costs totaling $8.0 million are recorded net of approximately $0.1 million of existing sublease rentals. Based upon the current economic environment we do not believe that we will be able to obtain any additional sublease rentals. A 10% increase/decrease in future estimated ancillary costs would result in a $0.2 million increase/decrease in the restructuring charge liability.

Insurance Reserves. We are primarily self-insured for costs related to workers’ compensation, general liability and health insurance. We record our self-insurance liabilities based on reported claims experience and an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported. Workers’ compensation and general liability are actuarially determined on a discounted basis. We have purchased stop-loss coverage to limit our exposure to any significant exposure on a per claim basis. Our exposure for workers’ compensation and general liability is $0.5 million per claim and for health insurance our exposure is $0.3 million per associate per year.

Any projection of losses concerning workers’ compensation, general liability and health insurance is subject to a considerable degree of variability. Among the causes of variability are unpredictable external factors affecting future inflation rates, discount rates, litigation trends, changing regulations, legal interpretations, benefit level changes and claim settlement patterns. Although our estimates of liabilities incurred do not anticipate significant changes in historical trends for these variables, such changes could have a material impact on future claim costs and currently recorded liabilities. The impact of many of these variables is difficult to estimate. As of March 30, 2013, a one percentage point decrease in the discount rate, or 100 basis points, for workers’ compensation and general liability would increase our liability less than $0.1 million and a one percentage point increase in the discount rate would decrease our liability by less than $0.1 million.

Pension. Accounting for defined benefit cash balance pension plans involves estimating the cost of benefits to be provided in the future, based on vested years of service, and attributing those costs over the time period each employee works. The significant factors affecting our pension costs are the fair values of plan assets and the selections of management’s key assumptions, including the expected return on plan assets and the discount rate used by our actuary to calculate our liability. We consider current market conditions, including changes in interest rates and investment returns, in selecting these assumptions. Our discount rate is based on current investment yields on high quality fixed-income investments and projected cash flow obligations. The discount rate used to determine fiscal 2013 pension income was 4.5%. Expected return on plan assets is based on projected returns by asset class on broad, publicly traded equity and fixed-income indices, as well as target asset allocation. Our target allocation mix is designed to meet our long-term pension requirements. For fiscal 2013, our

 

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assumed rate of return was 7.5%. Over the ten-year period ended March 30, 2013; the average actual return was approximately 9.6%. While we believe the assumptions selected are reasonable, significant differences in our actual experience, plan amendments or significant changes in the fair value of our plan assets may materially affect our pension obligations and our future expense. A 25 basis point increase or decrease in the discount rate would have increased/decreased fiscal 2013 pension income by less than $0.1 million. A 50 basis point increase/decrease in the expected return on plan assets would have increased/decreased fiscal 2013 pension income by approximately $0.3 million.

As of March 30, 2013 our defined benefit plans were in a funded status of $3.5 million and as of March 31, 2012 they were in an unfunded status of $1.9 million. The increase in the funded status during fiscal 2013 is a result of market appreciation of plan assets and company contributions to the plan. Plan assets increased by $5.5 million due to a 9.1% return on plan assets and company contributions of $4.2 million, offset by benefit payments of $4.1 million. Pension income was $0.5 million in fiscal 2013 and pension expense was $0.6 million in fiscal 2012.

Income Taxes. Spartan Stores is subject to periodic audits by the Internal Revenue Service and other state and local taxing authorities. These audits may challenge certain of our tax positions such as the timing and amount of income credits and deductions and the allocation of taxable income to various tax jurisdictions. We evaluate our tax positions and establish liabilities in accordance with the applicable accounting guidance on uncertainty in income taxes. These tax uncertainties are reviewed as facts and circumstances change and are adjusted accordingly. This requires significant management judgment in estimating final outcomes. Actual results could materially differ from these estimates and could significantly affect our effective income tax rate and cash flows in future years. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which it expects the differences to reverse. Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements set forth in Item 8 of this report provides additional information on income taxes.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The following table summarizes our consolidated statements of cash flows for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
 

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 59,341      $ 93,734      $ 89,756   

Net cash used in investing activities

     (53,056     (43,800     (33,123

Net cash used in financing activities

     (26,213     (67,206     (19,369

Net cash used in discontinued operations

     (451     (76     (2,610
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (20,379     (17,348     34,654   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     26,476        43,824        9,170   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

   $ 6,097      $ 26,476      $ 43,824   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased during fiscal 2013 by approximately $34.3 million. This decrease was due primarily to the timing of working capital requirements and timing of required tax payments associated with the change in state tax law.

During fiscal 2013, 2012 and fiscal 2011, we paid $10.2 million, $0.2 million and $0.5 million in income tax payments.

Net cash used in investing activities increased in fiscal 2013 primarily due to cash paid for the acquisition of one supermarket and one fuel center of $13.7 million, partially offset by increased proceeds from the sales of

 

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assets of $1.8 million. We also paid a total cash purchase price of $0.5 million and $1.3 million for acquisitions in fiscal years 2012 and 2011, respectively. Excluding the acquisitions, our Distribution and Retail segments utilized 20.9% and 79.1%, respectively, of our capital expenditure dollars for fiscal 2013. Expenditures in fiscal 2013 were primarily used for five new stores, store remodels and refurbishments, two fuel centers and new equipment and software. We expect capital expenditures to range from $42.0 million to $44.0 million in fiscal 2014, primarily for the construction of new stores, store remodels, fuel centers, new equipment and software.

Net cash used in financing activities includes cash paid and received related to our long-term borrowings, dividends paid, purchase of Spartan Stores’ common stock, financing fees paid, tax benefits of stock compensation and proceeds from the issuance of common stock. The decrease in cash used in financing activities in fiscal 2013 was primarily due to the net $45.0 million payment made on our revolving credit facility in fiscal 2012. Although we currently expect to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend, adoption of a dividend policy does not commit the board of directors to declare future dividends. Each future dividend will be considered and declared by the board of directors in its discretion. Whether the board of directors continues to declare dividends depends on a number of factors, including our future financial condition and profitability and compliance with the terms of our credit facilities. Our current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations at March 30, 2013 are $4.1 million. Our ability to borrow additional funds is governed by the terms of our credit facilities.

Net cash used in discontinued operations contains the net cash flows of our discontinued operations and consists primarily of insurance run-off claims, facility maintenance and other liabilities.

On January 9, 2012, we terminated our interest rate swap agreement. A swap termination charge of $0.8 million was recorded as interest expense and paid from available cash.

On December 6, 2012, we completed a private exchange and sale of $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued four year unsecured 6.625% Senior Notes due 2016 (“New Notes”) for $40.3 million aggregate principal amount of our existing Convertible Senior Notes due 2027 and $9.7 million in cash. The New Notes mature on December 15, 2016 and are senior unsecured debt and rank equally in right of payment with our other existing and future senior debt. The New Notes are effectively subordinated to our existing and future secured debt to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt. Interest on the New Notes accrues at a rate of 6.625% per annum. Interest on the New Notes is payable semiannually on June 15 and December 15 of each year, commencing on June 15, 2013. On March 1, 2013, we redeemed all of the remaining $57.4 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes. This redemption was funded by borrowings on the senior secured revolving credit facility. The completion of the redemption discharges the Indenture dated as of May 30, 2007 between Spartan Stores and the Bank of New York Trust Company, N.A. as Trustee (the “Indenture”) and the Convertible Notes.

Our principal sources of liquidity are cash flows generated from operations and our senior secured revolving credit facility which has maximum available credit of $200.0 million. As of March 30, 2013, our senior secured revolving credit facility had outstanding borrowings of $47.6 million, additional available borrowings of $149.3 million and maximum availability of $129.5 million which exceeds the minimum excess availability levels, as defined in the credit agreement. The revolving credit facility matures December 2017, and is secured by substantially all of our assets. We believe that cash generated from operating activities and available borrowings under the credit facility will be sufficient to meet anticipated requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, dividend payments, and senior note debt redemption and debt service obligations for the foreseeable future. However, there can be no assurance that our business will continue to generate cash flow at or above current levels or that we will maintain our ability to borrow under our credit facility.

Available borrowings under the credit facility are based on stipulated advance rates on eligible assets, as defined in the credit agreement. The credit facility contains a covenant that includes a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio as defined in the credit agreement. This covenant was not applicable for fiscal 2013 as we

 

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maintained minimum excess availability levels, as defined in the credit agreement. The credit facility provides for the issuance of letters of credit, of which $0.6 million were outstanding and unused as of March 30, 2013. Borrowings under the revolving credit portion of the facility bear interest at the London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1.50%, adjusted based upon availability levels, or the prime rate plus 0.25% (weighted average interest rate of 2.68% at March 30, 2013).

Our current ratio decreased to 1.07:1.00 at March 30, 2013 from 1.13:1.00 at March 31, 2012 and our investment in working capital was $13.2 million at March 30, 2013 versus $24.7 million at March 31, 2012. Our debt to total capital ratio increased slightly to 0.31:1.00 at March 30, 2013 versus 0.30:1.00 at March 31, 2012.

Total Net debt is a non-GAAP financial measure that is defined as long term debt and capital lease obligations plus current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations less cash and cash equivalents. The Company believes investors find the information useful because it reflects the amount of long term debt obligations that are not covered by available cash and temporary investments.

Following is a reconciliation of long-term debt and capital lease obligations to total net long-term debt and capital lease obligations as of March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012.

 

(In thousands)

   March 31,
2013
    March 31,
2012
 

Current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations

   $ 4,067      $ 4,449   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations

     145,876        133,565   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Debt

     149,943        138,014   

Cash and cash equivalents

     (6,097     (26,476
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net long-term debt

   $ 143,846      $ 111,538   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The table below presents our significant contractual obligations as of March 30, 2013 (1):

 

     Payment Due by Period  
     Total      Less than 1
year
     1-3 years      3-5 years      More than 5
years
 
     (In thousands)  

Long-term debt

   $ 97,895       $ 41       $ 65       $ 97,715       $ 74   

Estimated interest on long-term debt

     17,696         4,438         8,868         3,012         1,378   

Capital leases (2)

     52,048         4,026         7,553         8,395         32,074   

Interest on capital leases

     34,276         4,072         7,370         6,098         16,736   

Operating leases (2)

     124,672         28,345         44,452         26,009         25,866   

Lease and ancillary costs of closed stores, including imputed interest

     8,483         3,441         4,754         288         —     

Purchase obligations (merchandise) (3)

     23,741         3,734         6,196         5,000         8,811   

FIN 48 unrecognized tax liability

     2,648         718         1,708         222         —     

Self-insurance liability

     7,167         5,774         947         300         146   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 420,674       $ 58,615       $ 89,466       $ 155,434       $ 117,159   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Excludes funding of pension and other postretirement benefit obligations. We are not required nor do we intend to make a contribution to our defined benefit pension plan in fiscal 2014. Also excludes contributions under various multi-employer pension plans, which totaled $8.20 million in fiscal 2013. For additional information, refer to Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements.
(2) Operating and capital lease obligations do not include common area maintenance, insurance or tax payments for which we are also obligated. In fiscal 2013, these charges totaled approximately $9.0 million.
(3)

The majority of our purchases involve supply orders to purchase products for resale in the ordinary course of business. These contracts are typically cancelable and therefore no amounts have been included in the

 

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  table above. Also excluded are contracts that do not contain minimum annual purchase commitments but include other standard contractual considerations that must be fulfilled in order to earn $2.4 million in advanced contract monies that has been received where recognition has been deferred on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The purchase obligations shown in this table represent the amount of product we are contractually obligated to purchase to earn $7.0 million in advanced contract monies that are receivable under the contracts. At March 30, 2013, $2.0 million in advanced contract monies has been received under these contracts where recognition has been deferred on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. If we do not fulfill these purchase obligations, we would only be obligated to repay the unearned upfront contract monies.

Cash Dividends

We paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per common share in each quarter of fiscal year 2013, $0.065 in fiscal 2012 and $0.05 in fiscal 2011. Under our senior revolving credit facility, we are generally permitted to pay dividends in any fiscal year up to an amount such that all cash dividends together with any cash distributions or share repurchases do not exceed $30.0 million. Although we currently expect to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend, adoption of a dividend policy does not commit the board of directors to declare future dividends. Each future dividend will be considered and declared by the board of directors in its discretion. Whether the board of directors continues to declare dividends depends on a number of factors, including our future financial condition and profitability and compliance with the terms of our credit facilities.

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

For purposes of calculating the ratio of earnings to fixed charges under the terms of the New Senior Notes, earnings consist of net earnings, as adjusted under the terms of the Senior Notes indenture, plus income tax expense, fixed charges and non-cash charges, less cash payments relating to non-cash charges added back to net earnings in prior periods. Fixed charges consist of interest cost, including capitalized interest, and amortization of debt issue costs. Our ratio of earnings to fixed charges was 7.67:1.00 for fiscal 2013.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We had letters of credit of $0.6 million outstanding and unused at March 30, 2013. The letters of credit are maintained primarily to support payment or deposit obligations. We pay a commission of approximately 2% on the face amount of the letters of credit.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income.” The objective of this amendment is to improve the comparability, consistency and transparency of financial reporting and to increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income. Specifically, this amendment requires that all non-owner changes in shareholders’ equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The new rules became effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Because the standard only affects the presentation of comprehensive income and do not affect what is included in comprehensive income, the standard did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment.” ASU No. 2011-08 permits the entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether certain events and circumstances exist that indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired. If as a result of the qualitative assessment it is determined that it is not more likely than not that goodwill is impaired, then we are not required to take further action and calculate the fair value of the reporting unit. ASU No. 2011-08 was effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. We continued to test our goodwill for impairment using the allowed two step test.

 

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Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU No. 2012-02, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment.” ASU No. 2012-02 essentially expanded the amendment discussed above to apply to the testing of all indefinite-lived intangible assets in order to improve consistency in impairment testing guidance among long-lived asset categories. ASU No. 2012-02 was effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. We do not expect that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, “Reporting Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2013-02 requires companies to provide additional information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, companies are required to present, either on the face of the financial statements or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income. The amendments are effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. This ASU does not change the requirements for reporting net income or other comprehensive income. Because the standard only affects the presentation of comprehensive income and does not affect what is included in comprehensive income, we do not anticipate this standard will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

We are exposed to industry related price changes on several commodities, such as dairy, meat and produce that we buy and sell in both our Distribution and Retail segments. These products are purchased for and sold from inventory in the ordinary course of business. We are also exposed to other general commodity price changes such as utilities, insurance and fuel costs.

We had $47.6 million variable rate debt as of March 30, 2013. The senior secured revolving credit facility currently bears interest at the LIBOR plus 1.25% or the prime rate (weighted average interest rate of 2.68% at March 30, 2013) on the revolving credit portion of the facility. The weighted average interest rates on outstanding debt including loan fee amortization for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 were 8.43%, 8.05% and 7.81%, respectively.

At March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, the estimated fair value of our long-term debt, including current maturities, was higher than book value by approximately $2.8 million and $4.7 million, respectively. The estimated fair values were based on market quotes for similar instruments.

The following table sets forth the principal cash flows of our debt outstanding and related weighted average interest rates by year of maturity as of March 30, 2013:

 

     March 30, 2013     Aggregate Payments by Fiscal Year  

(In thousands, except rates)

   Fair Value      Total     2014     2015     2016     2017     2018     Thereafter  

Fixed rate debt

                 

Principal payable

   $ 105,112       $ 102,297      $ 4,067      $ 3,776      $ 3,841      $ 54,185      $ 4,280      $ 32,148   

Average interest rate

        7.55     7.55     7.54     7.51     7.91     8.54     8.70

Variable rate debt

                 

Principal payable

     47,646         47,646        —          —          —          —          47,646        —     

Average interest rate

        2.68             2.68  

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Grand Rapids, Michigan

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Spartan Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of earnings, comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 30, 2013. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Spartan Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries as of March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 30, 2013, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 30, 2013, based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated May 23, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Grand Rapids, MI

May 23, 2013

 

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(In thousands)

 

      March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
 

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 6,097      $ 26,476   

Accounts receivable, net

     60,979        58,637   

Inventories, net

     124,657        99,778   

Prepaid expenses

     10,822        9,478   

Other current assets

     1,304        13,686   

Deferred taxes on income

     2,310        1,582   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     206,169        209,637   

Property and equipment

    

Land and improvements

     23,093        23,456   

Buildings and improvements

     261,348        235,886   

Equipment

     302,161        298,028   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total property and equipment

     586,602        557,370   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     314,476        300,594   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

     272,126        256,776   

Goodwill

     246,840        240,194   

Other, net

     64,532        56,866   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 789,667      $ 763,473   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

    

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 120,651      $ 107,703   

Accrued payroll and benefits

     38,356        39,366   

Accrued income taxes

     6,132        12,352   

Other accrued expenses

     23,784        21,083   

Current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations

     4,067        4,449   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     192,990        184,953   

Long-term liabilities

    

Deferred income taxes

     80,578        83,807   

Postretirement benefits

     14,092        13,618   

Other long-term liabilities

     20,476        23,922   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations

     145,876        133,565   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total long-term liabilities

     261,022        254,912   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

    

Shareholders’ equity

    

Common stock, voting, no par value; 50,000 shares authorized; 21,751 and 22,215 shares outstanding

     146,564        155,134   

Preferred stock, no par value, 10,000 shares authorized; no shares outstanding

     —          —     

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (13,687     (13,793

Retained earnings

     202,778        182,267   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     335,655        323,608   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 789,667      $ 763,473   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     Year Ended  
     March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
 

Net sales

   $ 2,608,160      $ 2,634,226      $ 2,533,064   

Cost of sales

     2,062,616        2,078,116        1,976,549   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     545,544        556,110        556,515   

Operating expenses

      

Selling, general and administrative

     482,987        489,650        488,017   

Restructuring, asset impairment and other

     1,589        (23     532   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     484,576        489,627        488,549   

Operating earnings

     60,968        66,483        67,966   

Other income and expenses

      

Interest expense

     13,410        15,037        15,104   

Debt extinguishment

     5,047        —          —     

Other, net

     (756     (110     (97
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income and expenses

     17,701        14,927        15,007   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes and discontinued operations

     43,267        51,556        52,959   

Income taxes

     15,425        19,686        20,420   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

     27,842        31,870        32,539   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

     (432     (112     (232
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 27,410      $ 31,758      $ 32,307   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share:

      

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 1.28      $ 1.40      $ 1.44   

Loss from discontinued operations

     (0.02     (0.01 )*      (0.01
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 1.26      $ 1.39      $ 1.43   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

      

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 1.27      $ 1.39      $ 1.43   

Loss from discontinued operations

     (0.02     —          (0.01
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 1.25      $ 1.39      $ 1.42   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     21,773        22,791        22,606   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     21,848        22,887        22,688   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

  

 

* Includes rounding.

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-39-


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(In thousands)

 

     Year Ended  
     March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
 

Net earnings

   $ 27,410      $ 31,758      $ 32,307   

Other comprehensive income, before tax

      

Pension curtailment1

     —          —          (3,985

Change in fair value of interest rate swap2

     —          330        (431

Interest rate swap termination charge3

     —          775        —     

Pension and postretirement liability adjustment4

     173        (2,353     4,346   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), before tax

     173        (1,248     (70

Income tax (benefit) expense related to items of other comprehensive income

     (67     471        27   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 27,516      $ 30,981      $ 32,264   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

  

 

(1) Amount is gross of tax of $1,543 in fiscal 2011
(2) Amount is gross of tax of $(119) in fiscal 2012 and $166 in fiscal 2011
(3) Amount is gross of tax of $(321) in fiscal 2012
(4) Amount is gross of tax of $(67) in fiscal 2013, $911 in fiscal 2012 and $(1,682) in fiscal 2011

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-40-


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(In thousands)

 

    

Shares
Outstanding
   

Common
Stock
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   

Retained
Earnings
   


Total
 

Balance – March 27, 2010

     22,450      $ 158,225      $ (12,973   $ 128,653      $ 273,905   

Net earnings

     —          —          —          32,307        32,307   

Other comprehensive loss

     —          —          (43     —          (43

Dividends – $0.20 per share

     —          —          —          (4,525     (4,525

Repurchase of equity component of convertible debt, net of taxes of $246

     —          (388     —          —          (388

Stock-based employee compensation

     —          5,379        —          —          5,379   

Issuances of common stock and related tax benefit on stock option exercises

     33        428        —          —          428   

Issuances of restricted stock and related income tax benefits

     222        (295     —          —          (295

Cancellations of restricted stock

     (86     (1,263     —          —          (1,263
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance – March 26, 2011

     22,619      $ 162,086      $ (13,016   $ 156,435      $ 305,505   

Net earnings

     —          —          —          31,758        31,758   

Other comprehensive loss

     —          —          (777     —          (777

Dividends – $0.26 per share

     —          —          —          (5,926     (5,926

Share repurchase

     (687     (12,381     —          —          (12,381

Stock-based employee compensation

     —          5,048        —          —          5,048   

Issuances of common stock and related tax benefit on stock option exercises and bonus plan

     93        1,311        —          —          1,311   

Issuances of restricted stock and related income tax benefits

     255        (116     —          —          (116

Cancellations of restricted stock

     (65     (814     —          —          (814
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance – March 31, 2012

     22,215      $ 155,134      $ (13,793   $ 182,267      $ 323,608   

Net earnings

     —          —          —          27,410        27,410   

Other comprehensive income

     —          —          106        —          106   

Dividends – $0.32 per share

     —          —          —          (6,899     (6,899

Share repurchase

     (634     (11,381     —          —          (11,381

Repurchase of equity component of convertible debt, net of taxes of $587

     —          (935     —          —          (935

Stock-based employee compensation

     —          4,062        —          —          4,062   

Issuances of common stock and related tax benefit on stock option exercises and bonus plan

     32        650        —          —          650   

Issuances of restricted stock and related income tax benefits

     226        35        —          —          35   

Cancellations of restricted stock

     (88     (1,001     —          —          (1,001
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance – March 30, 2013

     21,751      $ 146,564      $ (13,687   $ 202,778      $ 335,655   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-41-


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Spartan Stores, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(In thousands)

 

     Year Ended  
     March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
 

Cash flows from operating activities

      

Net earnings

   $ 27,410      $ 31,758      $ 32,307   

Loss from discontinued operations

     432        112        232   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

     27,842        31,870        32,539   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Restructuring, asset impairment and other

     1,589        (23     532   

Convertible debt interest

     3,282        3,745        3,462   

Loss on debt extinguishment

     5,047        —       

Depreciation and amortization

     38,854        36,767        35,273   

LIFO income – warehouse consolidation

     —          —          (3,450

LIFO expense (income)

     335        1,401        (735

Postretirement benefits expense

     651        3,817        3,501   

Deferred taxes on income

     (4,121     17,861        19,655   

Stock-based compensation expense

     4,062        5,048        5,372   

Excess tax benefit on stock compensation

     (299     (237     (212

Other, net

     (276     (399     31   

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

      

Accounts receivable

     (1,941     (2,309     (1,855

Inventories

     (23,750     2,635        17,885   

Prepaid expenses

     (5,446     (4,888     2,431   

Other assets

     12,382        (12,284     (115

Accounts payable

     12,984        8,841        (14,496

Accrued payroll and benefits

     (325     845        4,698   

Postretirement benefits

     (4,514     (6,746     (6,251

Accrued income taxes

     (3,038     9,968        —     

Other accrued expenses and other liabilities

     (3,977     (2,178     (8,509
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     59,341        93,734        89,756   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

      

Purchases of property and equipment

     (42,012     (42,518     (33,029

Net proceeds from the sale of assets

     2,440        678        41   

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (13,720     (478     (1,250

Other

     236        (1,482     1,115   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (53,056     (43,800     (33,123
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

      

Proceeds from revolving credit facility

   $ 504,468      $ 4,933      $ 143,179   

Payments on revolving credit facility

     (456,818     (49,933     (143,179

Share repurchase

     (11,381     (12,381     —     

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

     9,679        —          —     

Repurchase of convertible notes

     (57,973     —          (10,724

Repayment of other long-term debt

     (5,265     (5,318     (4,681

Financing fees paid

     (2,721     —          —     

Excess tax benefit on stock compensation

     299        237        212   

Proceeds from sale of common stock

     398        1,182        349   

Dividends paid

     (6,899     (5,926     (4,525
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (26,213     (67,206     (19,369

Cash flows from discontinued operations

      

Net cash used in operating activities

     (451     (76     (2,610
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in discontinued operations

     (451     (76     (2,610
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (20,379     (17,348     34,654   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     26,476        43,824        9,170   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

   $ 6,097      $ 26,476      $ 43,824   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information:

      

Cash paid for interest

   $ 9,422      $ 10,248      $ 10,653   

Cash paid for income taxes

   $ 10,240      $ 202      $ 509   

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-42-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Basis of Presentation

Principles of Consolidation: The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Spartan Stores, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Spartan Stores”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported therein. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods might differ from those estimates.

Fiscal Year: Spartan Stores’ fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of March. The fiscal years ended March 30, 2013 and March 26, 2011 each consisted of 52 weeks. The fiscal year ended March 31, 2012 consisted of 53 weeks.

Revenue Recognition: The Retail segment recognizes revenues from the sale of products at the point of sale. Customer returns are immaterial. Discounts provided to customers by Spartan Stores at the time of sale are recognized as a reduction in sales as the products are sold. Spartan Stores does not recognize a sale when it awards customer loyalty points or sells gift cards and gift certificates; rather, a sale is recognized when the customer loyalty points, gift card or gift certificate are redeemed to purchase product. The Distribution segment recognizes revenues when products are delivered or ancillary services are provided. Sales and excise taxes are excluded from revenue.

Cost of Sales: Cost of sales includes purchase costs, freight, physical inventory adjustments, markdowns and promotional allowances. Vendor allowances that relate to our buying and merchandising activities consist primarily of promotional allowances, which are generally allowances on purchased quantities and, to a lesser extent, slotting allowances, which are billed to vendors for our merchandising costs such as setting up warehouse infrastructure. Vendor allowances are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales when the related product is sold. Lump sum payments received for multi-year contracts are amortized over the life of the contracts based on contractual terms. The distribution segment includes shipping and handling costs in the selling, general and administrative section of operating expenses on the Consolidated Statement of Earnings.

Cash and Cash Equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase.

Accounts Receivable: Accounts receivable are shown net of allowances for credit losses of $1.2 million in fiscal 2013 and $0.9 million in fiscal 2012. Spartan Stores evaluates the adequacy of its allowances by analyzing the aging of receivables, customer financial condition, historical collection experience, the value of collateral and other economic and industry factors. Actual collections may differ from historical experience, and if economic, business or customer conditions deteriorate significantly, adjustments to these reserves may be required. When Spartan Stores becomes aware of factors that indicate a change in a specific customer’s ability to meet its financial obligations, we record a specific reserve for credit losses. Operating results include bad debt expense of $0.9 million, $0.7 million, and $0.9 million for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Inventory Valuation: Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method. If replacement cost had been used, inventories would have been $44.1 million and $43.8 million higher at March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. The replacement cost method utilizes the most current unit purchase cost to calculate the value of inventories. During fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, certain inventory quantities were reduced. The reductions resulted in liquidation of LIFO inventory carried at

 

-43-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

lower costs prevailing in prior years, the effect of which decreased the LIFO provision in fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 by $1.0 million, $3.0 million and $7.7 million, respectively. Spartan Stores accounts for its Distribution inventory using a perpetual system and utilizes the retail inventory method to value inventory for center store products in the Retail segment. Under the retail inventory method, inventory is stated at cost with cost of sales and gross margin calculated by applying a cost ratio to the retail value of inventories. Fresh and pharmacy products are accounted for at cost in the Retail segment. We evaluate inventory shortages throughout the year based on actual physical counts in our facilities. We record allowances for inventory shortages based on the results of recent physical counts to provide for estimated shortages from the last physical count to the financial statement date.

Long-Lived Assets: Spartan Stores reviews and evaluates long-lived assets for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. When the undiscounted future cash flows are not sufficient to recover an asset’s carrying amount, the fair value is compared to the carrying value to determine the impairment loss to be recorded. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less the cost to sell. Fair values are determined by independent appraisals or expected sales prices based upon market participant data developed by internal licensed real estate professionals. Estimates of future cash flows and expected sales prices are judgments based upon Spartan Stores’ experience and knowledge of operations. These estimates project cash flows several years into the future and are affected by changes in the economy, real estate market conditions and inflation.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets: Goodwill represents the excess purchase price over the fair value of tangible net assets acquired in business combinations after amounts have been allocated to intangible assets. Goodwill is not amortized, but is reviewed for impairment during the fourth quarter of each year, or whenever events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount, using a discounted cash flow model and comparable market values of each reporting segment. Measuring the fair value of reporting units would constitute a Level 3 measurement under the fair value hierarchy. See Note 6 for a discussion of levels. Intangible assets primarily consist of trade names, favorable lease agreements, prescription lists, non-compete agreements, liquor licenses and franchise fees. Favorable leases are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related lease terms. Prescription lists are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of expected benefit. Non-compete agreements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the length of the agreements. Franchise fees are amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the franchise agreement. An indefinite-lived trade name is not amortized. A trade name with a definite-life is amortized over the expected life of the asset. Liquor licenses are not amortized as they have indefinite lives. Intangible assets are included in Other assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Debt Issuance Costs: Debt issuance costs are amortized over the term of the related financing agreement and are included in Other Assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

Property and Equipment: Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures for normal repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred. Depreciation expense on land improvements, buildings and improvements and equipment is computed using the straight-line method as follows:

 

Land improvements

     15 years   

Buildings and improvements

     15 to 40 years   

Equipment

     3 to 15 years   

Property under capital leases and leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the remaining terms of the leases or the estimated useful lives of the assets.

 

-44-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Insurance Reserves: Spartan Stores is primarily self-insured for workers’ compensation, general liability and health care costs. Self-insurance liabilities are recorded based on claims filed and an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported. Workers’ compensation and general liability liabilities are actuarially estimated based on available historical information. We have purchased stop-loss coverage to limit our exposure to any significant exposure on a per claim basis. Our exposure for workers’ compensation, general liability and health care is $0.5 million, $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively, per claim.

A summary of changes in Spartan Stores’ self-insurance liability is as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 26,
2011
 

Beginning balance

   $ 5,714      $ 7,008      $ 7,960   

Expense

     27,955        26,376        28,959   

Claim payments

     (26,502     (27,670     (29,911
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 7,167      $ 5,714      $ 7,008   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The current portion of the self-insurance liability is included in “Other accrued expenses” and the long-term portion is included in “Other long-term liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Income Taxes: Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future. Such deferred income tax asset and liability computations are based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized. Income tax expense is the tax payable or refundable for the period plus or minus the change during the period in deferred and other tax assets and liabilities.

Earnings per share: Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is computed by increasing the weighted average number of common shares outstanding by the dilutive effect of the issuance of common stock for options outstanding under Spartan Stores’ stock incentive plans. Unvested restricted stock awards contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends and, therefore, are considered participating securities and included in the computation of basic earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for continuing operations:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
     March 26,
2011
 

Numerator:

        

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 27,842       $ 31,870       $ 32,539   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

        

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic

     21,773         22,791         22,606   

Effect of dilutive stock options

     75         96         82   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted

     21,848         22,887         22,688   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations

   $ 1.28       $ 1.40       $ 1.44   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

   $ 1.27       $ 1.39       $ 1.43   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

-45-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Weighted average shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options that were not included in the earnings per share calculations because they were anti-dilutive were 369,969 in fiscal 2013, 239,326 in fiscal 2012, and 435,446 in fiscal 2011.

Stock-Based Compensation: All share-based payments to employees are recognized in the financial statements as compensation cost based on the fair value on the date of grant. Spartan Stores determines the fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The grant date closing price per share of Spartan Stores stock is used to estimate the fair value of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units. The value of the portion of awards expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service period.

Shareholders’ Equity: Spartan Stores’ restated articles of incorporation provide that the board of directors may at any time, and from time to time, provide for the issuance of up to 10 million shares of preferred stock in one or more series, each with such designations as determined by the board of directors. At March 30, 2013, there were no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Advertising Costs: Spartan Stores’ advertising costs are expensed as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses. Advertising expenses were $13.6 million, $14.5 million and $14.2 million in fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss): As of March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012, the accumulated other comprehensive loss consisted of the pension and postretirement liability.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income.” The objective of this amendment is to improve the comparability, consistency and transparency of financial reporting and to increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income. Specifically, this amendment requires that all non-owner changes in shareholders’ equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The new rules became effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Because the standard only affects the presentation of comprehensive income and does not affect what is included in comprehensive income, the standard did not have a material effect on Spartan Stores’ consolidated financial statements.

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment.” ASU No. 2011-08 permits the entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether certain events and circumstances exist that indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired. If as a result of the qualitative assessment it is determined that it is not more likely than not that goodwill is impaired, then Spartan Stores is not required to take further action and calculate the fair value of the reporting unit. ASU No. 2011-08 was effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. During fiscal 2013, Spartan Stores’ continued to test its goodwill for impairment using the allowed two step test.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU No. 2012-02, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment.” ASU No. 2012-02 essentially expanded the amendment discussed above to apply to the testing of all indefinite-lived intangible assets in order to improve consistency in impairment testing guidance among long-lived asset categories. ASU No. 2012-02 was effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. We do not expect that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

-46-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, “Reporting Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2013-02 requires companies to provide additional information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, companies are required to present, either on the face of the financial statements or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income. The amendments are effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. This ASU does not change the requirements for reporting net income or other comprehensive income. Because the standard only affects the presentation of comprehensive income and does not affect what is included in comprehensive income, we do not anticipate this standard will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Note 2

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill were as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   Retail     Distribution      Total  

Balance at March 26, 2011:

       

Goodwill

   $ 235,351      $ 92,493       $ 327,844   

Accumulated impairment charges

     (86,600     —           (86,600
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill, net

     148,751        92,493         241,244   

Other (Note 3)

     (1,050     —           (1,050

Balance at March 31, 2012:

       

Goodwill

     234,301        92,493         326,794   

Accumulated impairment charges

     (86,600     —           (86,600
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill, net

     147,701        92,493         240,194   

Acquisition

     5,016        2,233         7,249   

Other (Note 3)

     (603     —           (603

Balance at March 30, 2013:

       

Goodwill

     238,714        94,726         333,440   

Accumulated impairment charges

     (86,600     —           (86,600
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill, net

   $ 152,114      $ 94,726       $ 246,840   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table reflects the components of amortized intangible assets, included in “Other, net” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30, 2013      March 31, 2012  
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
    
Accumulated
Amortization
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
    
Accumulated
Amortization
 

Non-compete agreements

   $ 4,517       $ 2,997       $ 3,504       $ 2,616   

Favorable leases

     3,758         1,997         3,906         1,815   

Customer lists

     12,138         8,027         11,065         6,330   

Trade name

     1,219         59         —           —     

Franchise fees and other

     305         99         625         242   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 21,937       $ 13,179       $ 19,100       $ 11,003   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

-47-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The weighted average amortization period for amortizable intangible assets is as follows:

 

Non-compete agreements

     8.1 years   

Favorable leases

     14.9 years   

Customer lists

     7.3 years   

Trade name

     7.0 years   

Franchise fees and other

     9.7 years   

Amortization expense for intangible assets was $2.3 million, $2.2 million and $2.1 million for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Estimated amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years is as follows:

(In thousands)


Fiscal Year

   Amortization
Expense
 

2014

   $ 2,566   

2015

     1,893   

2016

     1,512   

2017

     976   

2018

     803   

Indefinite-lived intangible assets that are not amortized consist primarily of a trade name and licenses for the sale of alcoholic beverages which totaled $26.6 and $26.5 million as of March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012.

Note 3

Restructuring, Asset Impairment and Other

The following table provides the activity of restructuring costs for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011. Restructuring costs recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are included in “Other accrued expenses” in Current liabilities and “Other long-term liabilities” in Long-term liabilities based on when the obligations are expected to be paid.

 

(In thousands)

   Lease and
Ancillary
Costs
    Severance     Other     Total  

Balance at March 27, 2010

   $ 33,882      $ 2,056      $ —        $ 35,938   

Provision for lease and related ancillary costs, net of sublease income

     1,876            1,876 (a) 

Provision for severance

       644          644 (a) 

Other

         288        288 (a) 

Reversal of liability related to lease termination

     (6,948     —          —          (6,948 )(b) 

Changes in estimates (Note 2)

     (7,423     —          —          (7,423 )(c) 

Accretion expense

     1,145        —          —          1,145   

Payments

     (7,230     (2,700     (288     (10,218
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 26, 2011

     15,302        —          —          15,302   

Changes in estimates (Note 2)

     (1,318     —          —          (1,318 )(c) 

Accretion expense

     535            535   

Payments

     (3,417     —          —          (3,417
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2012

     11,102      $ —        $ —        $ 11,102   

Changes in estimates (Note 2)

     (696     —          —          (696 )(c) 

Accretion expense

     384            384   

Payments

     (2,815     —          —          (2,815
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 30, 2013

   $ 7,975      $ —        $ —        $ 7,975   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

-48-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

(a) The provision for lease and related ancillary costs, severance and other costs represents the initial charges estimated to be incurred for the closing of a warehouse in the Distribution segment. Later in fiscal 2011, the estimate for these charges was reduced by $0.3 million.
(b) The net benefit related to favorable lease termination resulted from a lease being terminated by a bankruptcy judge. The lease related to a closed store and was reflected in our restructuring cost liability.
(c) Goodwill was reduced by $0.6 million, $1.1 million and $7.1 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, as a result of these changes in estimates as the initial charges for certain stores were established in the purchase price allocations for previous acquisitions.

Restructuring, asset impairment and other included in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     2011  

Asset impairment charges (a)

   $ 1,682      $ 243      $ 7,859   

Provision for lease and related ancillary costs, severance and other costs related to warehouse closing (b)

     —          —          2,546   

Net benefit related to favorable lease terminations (c)

     —          —          (5,888

Changes in estimates (d)

     (93     (266     —     

Pension curtailment income (e)

     —          —          (3,985
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,589      $ (23   $ 532   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) The asset impairment charges were incurred in the Retail segment due to the economic and competitive environment of certain stores.
(b) The provision for lease and related ancillary costs, severance and other costs was incurred for the closing of a warehouse in the Distribution segment.
(c) The net benefit related to favorable lease terminations was realized in the Retail segment as a result of three leases being terminated by a bankruptcy judge. One of the leases related to a closed store and was reflected in our restructuring cost liability. The other two leases were capital leases. The net benefit consists of the reversal of the restructuring cost liability and the net value of the two capital lease obligations and assets.
(d) The changes in estimates relate to revised estimates of lease ancillary costs associated with previously closed facilities. The Distribution segment realized $(37) in fiscal 2012. The remaining amounts were realized in the Retail segment.
(e) The pension curtailment income resulted from the freezing of the cash balance pension plan (see Note 9). The Retail and Distribution segments realized income of $1.7 million and $2.3 million, respectively.

Store lease obligations included in restructuring costs include the present value of future minimum lease payments, calculated using a risk-free interest rate, and related ancillary costs from the date of closure to the end of the remaining lease term, net of estimated sublease income.

 

-49-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 4

Long-Term Debt

Spartan Stores’ long-term debt consists of the following:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
 

Senior secured revolving credit facility, due June 2017

   $ 47,646       $ —     

6.625% Senior Notes due December 2016

     50,000         —     

3.375% Convertible Senior Notes, net of unamortized debt discount

     —           88,856   

Capital lease obligations (Note 8)

     52,048         48,864   

Other, 7.00% – 9.25%, due fiscal 2014 – 2021

     249         294   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     149,943         138,014   

Less current portion

     4,067         4,449   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total long-term debt

   $ 145,876       $ 133,565   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available borrowings under our $200.0 million revolving credit facility are based on stipulated advance rates on eligible assets, as defined in the credit agreement. The credit agreement requires that Spartan Stores maintain excess availability of 10% of the borrowing base as such term is defined in the credit agreement. The credit facility contains a covenant that includes a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio as defined in the credit agreement. This covenant was not applicable for fiscal 2013 as we maintained minimum excess availability levels, as defined in the credit agreement. Spartan Stores had available borrowings of $129.5 million at March 30, 2013 and excess availability of $149.3 million. Payment of dividends and repurchases of outstanding shares are permitted, provided that certain levels of excess availability are maintained. The credit facility provides for the issuance of letters of credit, of which $0.6 million were outstanding as of March 30, 2013. Borrowings under the revolving credit portion of the facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.50% or the prime rate plus 0.25% (weighted average interest rate of 2.68% at March 30, 2013).

On December 6, 2012, Spartan Stores completed a private exchange and sale of $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued four year unsecured 6.625% Senior Notes due 2016 (“New Notes”) for $40.3 million aggregate principal amount of Spartan Stores’ existing Convertible Senior Notes due 2027 and $9.7 million in cash. The New Notes mature on December 15, 2016 and are senior unsecured debt and rank equally in right of payment with Spartan Stores’ other existing and future senior debt. The New Notes are effectively subordinated to Spartan Stores’ existing and future secured debt to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt. Interest on the New Notes accrues at a rate of 6.625% per annum. Interest on the New Notes is payable semiannually on June 15 and December 15 of each year, commencing on June 15, 2013.

Spartan Stores may redeem the New Notes in whole or in part at any time on or after December 15, 2014, at the option of the Company at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of the principal amount), together with accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase:

 

Year of Redemption

   Redemption Price  

2014

     103.31250

2015 and thereafter

     101.65625

At any time prior to December 15, 2014, Spartan Stores may redeem up to 35% of the New Notes with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings specified in the New Notes indenture at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount plus the annual coupon on the New Notes, together with accrued and unpaid interest, but

 

-50-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

only if at least 65% of the original aggregate principal amount of the New Notes would remain outstanding following such redemption. Before December 15, 2014, the New Notes may be redeemed, in whole or in part at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus an “Applicable Premium” (as defined in the New Notes indenture) that is intended to provide holders with approximately the rate of return they would have received had they held such redeemed New Notes until December 15, 2014.

On May 30, 2007, Spartan Stores issued $110 million in aggregate principal amount of unsecured 3.375% Convertible Senior Notes due May 15, 2027. The Convertible Senior Notes were general unsecured obligations and ranked equally in right of payment with all of our other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated obligations. They were effectively subordinated to secured indebtedness to the extent of the assets securing such indebtedness. The Convertible Senior Notes were structurally subordinated to Spartan Stores’ subsidiaries’ indebtedness and other liabilities. The Convertible Senior Notes were not guaranteed by our subsidiaries.

During the first quarter of fiscal 2011, Spartan Stores repurchased $12.3 million in principal amount of its outstanding Convertible Senior Notes for approximately $10.7 million and recognized a resultant gain of $0.1 million. In the third quarter of fiscal 2013, Spartan Stores repurchased $40.3 million in principal amount of its convertible senior notes resulting in a loss of approximately $2.3 million. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, Spartan Stores repurchased the remaining $57.4 million principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes. The repurchase of the Convertible Senior Notes resulted in a loss of approximately $2.8 million. The completion of the redemption discharges the Indenture dated as of May 30, 2007 between Spartan Stores and the Bank of New York Trust Company, N.A. as Trustee (the “Indenture”) and the Senior Convertible Notes.

The amount of interest expense recognized and the effective interest rate for Spartan Stores’ Convertible Senior Notes were as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     2011  

Contractual coupon interest

   $ 2,687      $ 3,353      $ 3,333   

Amortization of discount on convertible senior notes

     3,282        3,745        3,462   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense

   $ 5,969      $ 7,098      $ 6,795   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective interest rate

     8.125     8.125     8.125

The debt and equity components recognized for Spartan Stores’ Convertible Senior Notes were as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
 

Principal amounts

   $ —         $ 97,740   

Unamortized discount

     —           8,884   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net carrying amount

     —           88,856   

Common stock

     —           16,032   

The weighted average interest rates including loan fee amortization for fiscal 2013, 2012 and fiscal 2011 were 8.43%, 8.05% and 7.81%, respectively.

 

-51-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

At March 30, 2013, long-term debt was due as follows:

(In thousands)

Fiscal Year

      

2014

   $ 4,067   

2015

     3,776   

2016

     3,841   

2017

     54,185   

2018

     51,926   

Thereafter

     32,148   
  

 

 

 
   $ 149,943   
  

 

 

 

Note 5

Derivative Instruments

Spartan Stores has limited involvement with derivative financial instruments and uses them only to manage well-defined interest rate risk exposure when appropriate, based on market conditions. Spartan Stores’ objective in managing exposure to changes in interest rates is to reduce fluctuations in earnings and cash flows, and consequently, from time to time Spartan Stores uses interest rate swap agreements to manage this risk. Spartan Stores does not use financial instruments or derivatives for any trading or other speculative purposes.

On January 2, 2009, Spartan Stores entered into an interest rate swap agreement. The interest rate swap was considered to be a cash flow hedge of interest payments on $45.0 million of borrowings under Spartan Stores’ senior secured revolving credit facility by effectively converting a portion of the variable rate debt to a fixed rate basis. Under the terms of the agreement, Spartan Stores agreed to pay the counterparty a fixed interest rate of 3.33% and the counterparty agreed to pay Spartan Stores a floating interest rate based upon the 1-month LIBOR plus 1.25% on a notional amount of $45 million. The interest rate swap agreement was to expire concurrently with its senior secured revolving credit facility on December 24, 2012. However, the swap agreement was terminated in the third quarter of fiscal 2012, resulting in a $0.8 million termination charge which was recorded in interest expense.

For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Gains and losses on the derivative representing hedge ineffectiveness are recognized in current earnings. There was no impact on earnings in fiscal 2012 as the cash flow hedge was highly effective through its termination at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2012.

The following table provides a summary of the financial statement effect of the derivative financial instrument designated as an interest rate cash flow hedge for fiscal 2012 and 2011:

 

      Location in Consolidated Financial
Statements
   2012     2011  

(Gain) loss, net of taxes, recognized in other comprehensive income

   Other comprehensive income    $ (665   $ 265   

Pre-tax loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

   Interest expense      646        833   

Pre-tax termination charge

   Interest expense      775        —     

 

-52-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 6

Fair Value Measurements

Financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable and long-term debt. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these financial instruments. At March 30, 2013 and March 31, 2012 the estimated fair value and the book value of our debt instruments were as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
 

Book value of debt instruments:

     

Current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations

   $ 4,067       $ 4,449   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations

     145,876         133,565   

Equity component of convertible debt

     —           8,884   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total book value of debt instruments

     149,943         146,898   

Fair value of debt instruments

     152,758         144,374   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Excess (deficiency) of fair value over book value

   $ 2,815       $ (2,524
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The estimated fair value of debt is based on market quotes for instruments with similar terms and remaining maturities (level 3 valuation technique).

ASC 820 prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into the following hierarchy:

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, reflecting the reporting entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing.

Long-lived assets totaling $3.6 million and $0.2 in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively, were measured at a fair value of $1.9 and $0.1, respectively, on a nonrecurring basis using Level 3 inputs as defined in the fair value heirarchy. Our accounting and finance team management, who report to the chief financial officer, determine our valuation policies and procedures. The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of our accounting and finance team management and are approved by the chief financial officer. Fair value of long-lived assets is determined by estimating the amount and timing of net future cash flows, discounted using a risk-adjusted rate of interest. Spartan Stores estimates future cash flows based on experience and knowledge of the market in which the assets are located, and when necessary, uses real estate brokers. See Note 3 for discussion of long-lived asset impairment charges.

Note 7

Commitments and Contingencies

Spartan Stores subleases property at certain locations and received rental income of $1.9 million in both fiscal 2013 and 2012. In the event of the customer’s default, Spartan Stores would be responsible for fulfilling these lease obligations. The future payment obligations under these leases are disclosed in Note 8.

 

-53-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Unions represent approximately 8% of Spartan Stores’ associates. These associates are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. On October 6, 2012 General Teamsters Union Local 406 ratified a three-year labor agreement which expires on October 10, 2015.

Various lawsuits and claims, arising in the ordinary course of business, are pending or have been asserted against Spartan Stores. While the ultimate effect of such actions cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that their outcome will not result in an adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, operating results or liquidity of Spartan Stores.

Spartan Stores contributes to the Central States multi-employer pension plan based on obligations arising from its collective bargaining agreement covering its warehouse union associates. This plan provides retirement benefits to participants based on their service to contributing employers. The benefits are paid from assets held in trust for that purpose. Trustees are appointed by employers and unions; however, Spartan Stores is not a trustee. The trustees typically are responsible for determining the level of benefits to be provided to participants as well as for such matters as the investment of the assets and the administration of the plan. Spartan Stores will continue contributions to the Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Fund under the terms outlined in the “Primary Schedule” of Central States’ Rehabilitation Plan. This schedule requires an increase in employer contributions of 5% over the previous year’s contribution.

Based on the most recent information available to Spartan Stores, management believes that the present value of actuarial accrued liabilities in this multi-employer plan significantly exceeds the value of the assets held in trust to pay benefits. Because Spartan Stores is one of a number of employers contributing to this plan, it is difficult to ascertain what the exact amount of the underfunding would be, although management anticipates that Spartan Stores’ contributions to this plan will increase each year. Management believes that funding levels have not changed significantly since year-end. To reduce this under funding, management expects meaningful increases in expense as a result of required incremental multi-employer pension plan contributions in future years. Any adjustment for withdrawal liability will be recorded when it is probable that a liability exists and can be reasonably determined.

Note 8

Leases

Most of Spartan Stores’ retail locations are operated in leased facilities. Spartan Stores’ also leases small ancillary warehouse facilities, its tractor and trailer fleet and certain other equipment. Most of the property leases contain renewal options of varying terms. Terms of certain leases contain provisions requiring payment of percentage rent based on sales and payment of executory costs such as property taxes, utilities, insurance and maintenance. Terms of certain leases of transportation equipment contain provisions requiring payment of percentage rent based upon miles driven. Portions of certain property are subleased to others.

Rental expense, net of sublease income, under operating leases consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     2011  

Minimum rentals

   $ 31,993      $ 32,204      $ 32,464   

Contingent payments

     672        805        806   

Sublease income

     (1,928     (1,899     (1,926
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 30,737      $ 31,110      $ 31,344   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

-54-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Total future lease commitments of Spartan Stores under operating leases in effect at March 30, 2013 are as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   Used in
Operations
     Subleased
to Others
     Total  

Fiscal Year

        

2014

   $ 27,228       $ 1,118       $ 28,346   

2015

     22,840         1,027         23,867   

2016

     19,880         704         20,584   

2017

     14,453         462         14,915   

2018

     10,859         235         11,094   

Thereafter

     25,866         —           25,866   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 121,126       $ 3,546       $ 124,672   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total future lease commitments of Spartan Stores under capital leases in effect at March 30, 2013 are as follows:

 

(In thousands)

 

Fiscal Year

  

2014

   $ 8,097   

2015

     7,574   

2016

     7,349   

2017

     7,371   

2018

     7,123   

Thereafter

     48,810   
  

 

 

 

Total

     86,324   

Interest

     (34,276
  

 

 

 

Present value of minimum lease obligations

     52,048   

Current portion

     4,026   
  

 

 

 

Long-term obligations

   $ 48,022   
  

 

 

 

Amortization expense for property under capital leases was $3.8 million, $3.6 million and $4.3 million in fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Assets held under capital leases consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
 

Buildings and improvements

   $ 63,164       $ 48,297   

Equipment

     3,924         3,924   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     67,088         52,221   

Less accumulated depreciation

     25,705         19,934   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net property

   $ 41,383       $ 32,287   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

One of Spartan Stores’ subsidiaries leases retail store facilities to others. Of the stores leased to others, several are owned and others were obtained through leasing arrangements and are accounted for as operating leases. A majority of the leases provide for minimum and contingent rentals based upon stipulated sales volumes and contain renewal options. Certain of the leases contain escalation clauses.

 

-55-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Owned assets, included in property and equipment, which are leased to others are as follows:

 

(In thousands)

   March 30,
2013
     March 31,
2012
 

Land and improvements

   $ 1,173       $ 1,173   

Buildings

     5,942         5,942   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     7,115         7,115   

Less accumulated depreciation

     4,427         4,043   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net property

   $ 2,688       $ 3,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Future minimum rentals to be received under operating leases in effect at March 30, 2013 are as follows:

(In thousands)


Fiscal Year

   Owned
Property
     Leased
Property
    
Total
 

2014

   $ 1,539       $ 1,263       $ 2,802   

2015

     916         1,164         2,080   

2016

     719         831         1,550   

2017

     555         499         1,054   

2018

     469         250         719   

Thereafter

     30         —           30   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,228       $ 4,007       $ 8,235   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 9

Associate Retirement Plans

Spartan Stores’ retirement programs include pension plans providing non-contributory benefits and salary reduction defined contribution plans providing contributory benefits. Substantially all of Spartan Stores’ associates not covered by collective bargaining agreements are covered by either a frozen non-contributory cash balance pension plan (“Company Plan”), a defined contribution plan or both. Associates covered by collective bargaining agreements are included in multi-employer pension plans.

Effective January 1, 2011, the Cash Balance Pension Plan was frozen and, as a result, additional service credits are no longer added to each Associate’s account, however, interest credits will continue to accrue. Effective the same date, employer matching contributions to the Savings Plus 401(k) Plan were reinstated at a rate of 50% of pay deferral contributions up to 6% of each Associate’s qualified compensation. Additionally, a provision allowing for a discretionary annual profit sharing contribution was added to the Savings Plus 401(k) Plan.

In conjunction with this change to the Cash Balance Pension Plan, pre-tax curtailment income of $4.0 million was recognized in the third quarter of fiscal 2011 and is included in Restructuring, asset impairment and other on the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. No additional associates are eligible to participate in the Cash Balance Pension Plan after January 1, 2011.

Prior to the plan freeze, Spartan Stores’ Company Plan benefit formula utilized a cash balance approach. Under the cash balance formula, credits were added annually to a participant’s “account” based on a percent of the participant’s compensation and years of vested service at the beginning of each calendar year. At Spartan

 

-56-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Stores’ discretion, interest credits are also added annually to a participant’s account based upon the participant’s account balance as of the last day of the immediately preceding calendar year. Annual payments to the pension trust fund are determined in compliance with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1976 (“ERISA”). Company Plan assets consist principally of common stocks and U.S. government and corporate obligations. The Company Plan does not hold any Spartan Stores stock.

Spartan Stores also maintains a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”), which provides nonqualified deferred compensation benefits to Spartan Stores’ officers. Benefits under the SERP are paid from Spartan Stores’ general assets, as there is no separate trust established to fund benefits.

Expense for employer contributions made to defined contribution plans totaled $4.8 million, $5.4 million and $2.5 million in fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These expenses include a discretionary profit sharing company contribution, which was added to the plan effective January 1, 2011.

Spartan Stores and certain subsidiaries provide health care benefits to retired associates who have at least 30 years of service or 10 years of service and have attained age 55, and who were not covered by collective bargaining arrangements during their employment (“covered associates”). Qualified covered associates that retired prior to March 31, 1992 receive major medical insurance with deductible and coinsurance provisions until age 65 and Medicare supplemental benefits thereafter. Covered associates retiring after April 1, 1992 are eligible for monthly postretirement health care benefits of $5 multiplied by the associate’s years of service. This benefit is in the form of a credit against the monthly insurance premium. The retiree pays the balance of the premium.

 

-57-


SPARTAN STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following tables set forth the change in benefit obligation, change in plan assets, weighted average assumptions used in actuarial calculations and components of net periodic benefit costs for Spartan Stores’ pension and postretirement benefit plans excluding multi-employer plans. The accrued benefit costs are reported in Postretirement benefits in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

  Pension Benefits     SERP Benefits     Postretirement Benefits  
  March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
    March 30,
2013
    March 31,
2012
 

Change in benefit obligation

           

Benefit obligation at beginning of year

  $ 59,950      $ 60,421      $ 985      $ 1,071      $ 9,130      $ 8,633   

Service cost

    —          —          —          —          194        192   

Interest cost

    2,587        2,893        39        51        404        424   

Actuarial loss

    1,565        508        31        (27     549        162   

Benefits paid

    (3,900     (3,872     (178     (110     (295     (281
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Benefit obligation at end of year

  $ 60,202      $ 59,950      $ 877      $ 985      $ 9,982      $ 9,130   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in plan assets

           

Plan assets at fair value at beginning of year

  $ 59,076      $ 58,352      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —     

Actual return on plan assets

    5,375        596        —          —          —          —     

Company contributions

    4,039        4,000        178        110        295        281   

Benefits paid

    (3,900     (3,872     (178     (110