10-Q 1 q1201910-q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended February 28, 2019
or 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____to _____.
Commission File Number: 0-19417
 
PROGRESS SOFTWARE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
DELAWARE
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
04-2746201
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
14 Oak Park
Bedford, Massachusetts 01730
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
Telephone Number: (781) 280-4000
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Emerging growth company
 
¨
 
 
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of March 27, 2019, there were 44,494,726 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $.01 par value per share, outstanding.



PROGRESS SOFTWARE CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED FEBRUARY 28, 2019
INDEX

 
 
 
PART I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 5.
Other Information
Item 6.
 
 
 
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 
February 28,
2019
 
November 30,
2018
(In thousands, except share data)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
106,516

 
$
105,126

Short-term investments
26,942

 
34,387

Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
133,458

 
139,513

Accounts receivable (less allowances of $725 and $840, respectively)
54,572

 
59,715

Unbilled receivables
2,121

 
1,421

Other current assets
19,757

 
25,080

Assets held for sale
5,776

 
5,776

Total current assets
215,684

 
231,505

Long-term unbilled receivables
2,581

 
1,811

Property and equipment, net
29,351

 
30,714

Intangible assets, net
50,297

 
58,919

Goodwill
315,010

 
314,992

Deferred tax assets
889

 
966

Other assets
2,079

 
5,243

Total assets
$
615,891

 
$
644,150

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt, net
$
6,593

 
$
5,819

Accounts payable
9,823

 
10,593

Accrued compensation and related taxes
14,984

 
25,500

Dividends payable to shareholders
6,939

 
6,998

Income taxes payable
1,233

 
1,228

Other accrued liabilities
11,887

 
12,686

Short-term deferred revenue
130,569

 
123,210

Total current liabilities
182,028

 
186,034

Long-term debt, net
108,042

 
110,270

Long-term deferred revenue
11,614

 
12,730

Deferred tax liabilities
2,665

 
5,799

Other noncurrent liabilities
4,840

 
5,315

Commitments and contingencies

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; authorized, 10,000,000 shares; issued, none

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, and additional paid-in capital; authorized, 200,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 44,473,947 shares in 2019 and 45,114,935 shares in 2018
272,854

 
267,053

Retained earnings
60,462

 
85,125

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(26,614
)
 
(28,176
)
Total shareholders’ equity
306,702

 
324,002

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
615,891

 
$
644,150

(1)The Company adopted the accounting standard related to revenue recognition ("ASC 606") effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Revenue:
 
 
 
Software licenses
$
22,802

 
$
26,054

Maintenance and services
66,747

 
69,356

Total revenue
89,549

 
95,410

Costs of revenue:
 
 
 
Cost of software licenses
1,167

 
1,261

Cost of maintenance and services
9,439

 
9,824

Amortization of acquired intangibles
5,433

 
5,818

Total costs of revenue
16,039

 
16,903

Gross profit
73,510

 
78,507

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
22,323

 
21,428

Product development
19,890

 
20,245

General and administrative
12,285

 
11,262

Amortization of acquired intangibles
3,188

 
3,319

Fees related to shareholder activist

 
1,258

Restructuring expenses
415

 
1,821

Acquisition-related expenses

 
43

Total operating expenses
58,101

 
59,376

Income from operations
15,409

 
19,131

Other (expense) income:
 
 
 
Interest expense
(1,389
)
 
(1,165
)
Interest income and other, net
229

 
408

Foreign currency loss, net
(843
)
 
(828
)
Total other expense, net
(2,003
)
 
(1,585
)
Income before income taxes
13,406

 
17,546

Provision for income taxes
4,004

 
3,814

Net income
$
9,402

 
$
13,732

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.21

 
$
0.30

Diluted
$
0.21

 
$
0.29

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
44,956

 
46,529

Diluted
45,286

 
47,476

 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.155

 
$
0.140

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
(In thousands)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Net income
$
9,402

 
$
13,732

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
1,479

 
3,831

Unrealized gain (loss) on investments, net of tax provision of $30 and $39 for 2019 and 2018, respectively
83

 
(27
)
Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
1,562

 
3,804

Comprehensive income
$
10,964

 
$
17,536

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Shareholders' Equity
(in thousands)
Number of Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 1, 2018 As Adjusted(1)
45,115

 
$
451

 
$
266,602

 
$
85,125

 
$
(28,176
)
 
$
324,002

Issuance of stock under employee stock purchase plan
38

 

 
997

 

 

 
997

Exercise of stock options
9

 

 
268

 

 

 
268

Withholding tax payments related to net issuance of restricted stock units

 

 
(5
)
 

 

 
(5
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 
5,806

 

 

 
5,806

Adjustment due to adoption of ASU 2016-16 (Note 1)

 

 

 
(3,397
)
 

 
(3,397
)
Dividends declared

 

 

 
(6,933
)
 

 
(6,933
)
Treasury stock repurchases and retirements
(688
)
 
(5
)
 
(1,260
)
 
(23,735
)
 

 
(25,000
)
Net income

 

 

 
9,402

 

 
9,402

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
1,562

 
1,562

Balance, February 28, 2019
44,474

 
$
446

 
$
272,408

 
$
60,462

 
$
(26,614
)
 
$
306,702

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Shareholders' Equity
(in thousands)
Number of Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 1, 2017 As Adjusted(1)
47,281

 
$
473

 
$
249,363

 
$
179,919

 
$
(18,406
)
 
$
411,349

Issuance of stock under employee stock purchase plan
48

 

 
1,095

 

 

 
1,095

Exercise of stock options
23

 

 
669

 

 

 
669

Stock-based compensation

 

 
4,570

 

 

 
4,570

Adjustment due to adoption of ASU 2016-09

 

 
641

 
(641
)
 

 

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(6,482
)
 

 
(6,482
)
Treasury stock repurchases and retirements
(1,054
)
 
(10
)
 
(1,754
)
 
(43,236
)
 

 
(45,000
)
Net income

 

 

 
13,732

 

 
13,732

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
3,804

 
3,804

Balance, February 28, 2018 As Adjusted(1)
46,298

 
$
463

 
$
254,584

 
$
143,292

 
$
(14,602
)
 
$
383,737

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.


6


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
(In thousands)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
9,402

 
$
13,732

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
1,620

 
1,682

Amortization of acquired intangibles and other
8,866

 
9,620

Stock-based compensation
5,806

 
4,570

Loss on disposal of property and equipment
153

 
135

Deferred income taxes
(3,069
)
 
137

Allowances for bad debt and sales credits
89

 
137

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
3,861

 
8,667

Other assets
5,147

 
2,382

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(13,128
)
 
(17,830
)
Income taxes payable
(246
)
 
(290
)
Deferred revenue
5,943

 
8,653

Net cash flows from operating activities
24,444

 
31,595

Cash flows from (used in) investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of investments
(750
)
 
(7,374
)
Sales and maturities of investments
8,155

 
6,816

Purchases of property and equipment
(246
)
 
(1,386
)
Net cash flows from (used in) investing activities
7,159

 
(1,944
)
Cash flows used in financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from stock-based compensation plans
1,894

 
2,469

Repurchases of common stock
(25,000
)
 
(45,000
)
Dividend payments to shareholders
(6,992
)
 
(6,619
)
Payment of principal on long-term debt
(1,547
)
 
(1,547
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
(31,645
)
 
(50,697
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
1,432

 
4,693

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
1,390

 
(16,353
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
105,126

 
133,464

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
106,516

 
$
117,111

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

7


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, continued
 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
Supplemental disclosure:
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds of $166 in 2019 and $307 in 2018
$
1,496

 
$
1,614

Cash paid for interest
$
1,169

 
$
942

Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Total fair value of restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and deferred stock units on date vested
$
76

 
$
43

Dividends declared
$
6,939

 
$
6,482

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1: Basis of Presentation

Company Overview - Progress Software Corporation ("Progress," the "Company," "we," "us," or "our") offers the leading platform for developing and deploying strategic business applications. We enable customers and partners to deliver modern, high-impact digital experiences with a fraction of the effort, time and cost. Progress offers powerful tools for easily building adaptive user experiences across any type of device or touchpoint, award-winning machine learning that enables cognitive capabilities to be a part of any application, the flexibility of a serverless cloud to deploy modern apps, business rules, web content management, plus leading data connectivity technology. Over 1,700 ISVs, 100,000 enterprise customers, and 2 million developers rely on Progress to power their applications.

Our products are generally sold as perpetual licenses, but certain products also use term licensing models and our cloud-based offerings use a subscription-based model. More than half of our worldwide license revenue is realized through relationships with indirect channel partners, principally application partners and original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"). Application partners are ISVs that develop and market applications using our technology and resell our products in conjunction with sales of their own products that incorporate our technology. OEMs are companies that embed our products into their own software products or devices.

We operate in North America and Latin America (the "Americas"); Europe, the Middle East and Africa ("EMEA"); and the Asia Pacific region, through local subsidiaries as well as independent distributors.

Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies - We prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for complete financial statements and these unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018, ("Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018").

We adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606") effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method, which required us to retroactively adjust comparative prior periods to conform to current presentation. See "Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements" below for further information.

We made no material changes in the application of our significant accounting policies that were disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018, except as discussed below with respect to our adoption of ASC 606. We have prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements on the same basis as the audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018, and these financial statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented. The operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full fiscal year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates and records changes in estimates in the period in which they become known. These estimates are based on historical data and experience, as well as various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. The most significant estimates relate to: the timing and amounts of revenue recognition, including the determination of the nature and timing of the satisfaction of performance obligations, the standalone selling price of performance obligations, and the transaction price allocated to performance obligations; the realization of tax assets and estimates of tax liabilities; fair values of investments in marketable securities; assets held for sale; intangible assets and goodwill valuations; the recognition and disclosure of contingent liabilities; the collectability of accounts receivable; and assumptions used to determine the fair value of stock-based compensation. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


9


Revenue Recognition

Revenue Policy

We derive our revenue primarily from software licenses and maintenance and services. Our license arrangements generally contain multiple performance obligations, including software maintenance services. Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration that we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services. When an arrangement contains multiple performance obligations, we account for individual performance obligations separately if they are distinct. We recognize revenue through the application of the following steps: (i) identification of the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as we satisfy the performance obligations. Sales taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities are excluded from revenue and we do not license our software with a right of return.

Software Licenses

Software licenses are on-premise and fully functional when made available to the customer. As the customer can use and benefit from the license on its own, on-premise software licenses represent distinct performance obligations. Revenue is recognized upfront at the point in time when control is transferred, which is defined as the point in time when the client can use and benefit from the license. Our licenses are sold as perpetual or term licenses, and the arrangements typically contain various combinations of maintenance and services, which are generally accounted for as separate performance obligations. We use the residual approach to allocate the transaction price to our software license performance obligations because, due to the pricing of our licenses being highly variable, they do not have an observable stand-alone selling price ("SSP"). As required, we evaluate the residual approach estimate compared to all available observable data in order to conclude the estimate is representative of its SSP.

Perpetual licenses are generally invoiced upon execution of the contract and payable within 30 days. Term licenses are generally invoiced in advance on an annual basis over the term of the arrangement, which is typically one to three years. Any difference between the revenue recognized and the amount invoiced to the customer is recognized on our consolidated balance sheets as unbilled receivables until the customer is invoiced, at which point the amount is reclassed to accounts receivable.

Maintenance

Maintenance revenue is made up of technical support, bug fixes, and when-and-if available unspecified software upgrades. As these maintenance services are considered to be a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same duration and measure of progress, we have concluded that they represent one combined performance obligation. Revenue is recognized ratably over the contract period. The SSP of maintenance services is a percentage of the net selling price of the related software license, which has remained within a tight range and is consistent with the stand-alone pricing of subsequent maintenance renewals.

Maintenance services are generally invoiced in advance on an annual basis over the term of the arrangement, which is typically one to three years.

Services

Services revenue primarily includes consulting and customer education services. In general, services are distinct performance obligations. Services revenue is generally recognized as the services are delivered to the customer. We apply the practical expedient of recognizing revenue upon invoicing for time and materials-based arrangements as the invoiced amount corresponds to the value of the services provided. The SSP of services is based upon observable prices in similar transactions using the hourly rates sold in stand-alone services transactions. Services are either sold on a time and materials basis or prepaid upfront.

We also offer products via a software-as-a-service ("SaaS") model, which is a subscription-based model. Our customers can use hosted software over the contract period without taking possession of it and the cloud services are available to them throughout the entire term, even if they do not use the service. Revenue related to SaaS offerings is recognized ratably over the contract period. The SSP of SaaS performance obligations is determined based upon observable prices in stand-alone SaaS transactions. SaaS arrangements are generally invoiced in advance on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis over the term of the arrangement, which is typically one to three years.


10


Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations

When an arrangement contains multiple performance obligations, we account for individual performance obligations separately if they are distinct. We allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in a contract based on its relative SSP. Although we do not have a history of offering these elements, prior to allocating the transaction price to each performance obligation, we consider whether the arrangement has any discounts, material rights, or specified future upgrades that may represent additional performance obligations. Determining whether products and services are distinct performance obligations and the determination of the SSP may require significant judgment.

Contract Balances

Unbilled Receivables and Contract Assets

The timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of customer invoicing. When revenue is recognized prior to invoicing and the right to the amount due from customers is conditioned only on the passage of time, we record an unbilled receivable on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Our multi-year term license arrangements, which are typically billed annually, result in revenue recognition in advance of invoicing and the recognition of unbilled receivables.

As of February 28, 2019, invoicing of our long-term unbilled receivables is expected to occur as follows (in thousands):
2020
$
1,048

2021
1,089

2022
444

Total
$
2,581


Contract assets, which arise when revenue is recognized prior to invoicing and the right to the amount due from customers is conditioned on something other than the passage of time, such as the completion of a related performance obligation, were minimal as of February 28, 2019 and November 30, 2018. These amounts are included in unbilled receivables or long-term unbilled receivables on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue is recorded when revenue is recognized subsequent to customer invoicing. Our deferred revenue balance is primarily made up of deferred maintenance from our OpenEdge and Application Development and Deployment segments.

As of February 28, 2019, the changes in deferred revenue were as follows (in thousands):
Balance, December 1, 2018 As Adjusted(1)
$
135,940

Billings and other
95,792

Revenue recognized
(89,549
)
Balance, February 28, 2019
$
142,183

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method.

Transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized, which includes deferred revenue and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. As of February 28, 2019, transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $143 million. We expect to recognize approximately 92% of the revenue within the next year and the remainder thereafter.



11


Deferred Contract Costs

Deferred contract costs, which include certain sales incentive programs, are incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. Incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer are recognized as an asset if the expected benefit of those costs are longer than one year. We have applied the practical expedient to expense costs as incurred for costs to obtain a contract with a customer when the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs include a large majority of our sales incentive programs as we have determined that annual compensation is commensurate with annual sales activities.

Certain of our sales incentive programs do meet the requirements to be capitalized. Depending upon the sales incentive program and the related revenue arrangement, such capitalized costs are amortized over the longer of (i) the product life, which is generally three to five years; or (ii) the term of the related revenue contract. We determined that a three to five year product life represents the period of benefit that we receive from these incremental costs based on both qualitative and quantitative factors, which include customer contracts, industry norms, and product upgrades. Total deferred contract costs were minimal as of February 28, 2019 and November 30, 2018 and are included in other current assets and other assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Amortization of deferred contract costs is included in sales and marketing expense on our condensed consolidated statement of operations and was minimal in all periods presented.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory ("ASU 2016-16"), which requires entities to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Under legacy GAAP, the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity transfer was prohibited until the asset has been sold to an outside party. We adopted this standard at the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. Upon adoption, we reclassified approximately $3.4 million from non-current prepaid taxes, which is included in other assets on our consolidated balance sheet, to retained earnings as of December 1, 2018.

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("ASC 606"). Under this standard, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The standard also requires new disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers and provides guidance on the recognition of costs related to obtaining customer contracts. We adopted this ASU effective December 1, 2018 in accordance with the full retrospective approach, which required us to retrospectively adjust certain previously reported results in the comparative prior periods presented. Upon adoption, we recorded a cumulative $31 million increase to our 2017 beginning retained earnings balance, a $15 million decrease to deferred revenue, a $28 million increase to unbilled receivables, and a $12 million increase to deferred tax liabilities.

The revenue recognition related to accounting for the following transactions is most impacted by our adoption of this standard:

Revenue from term licenses with extended payment terms over the term of the agreement within our Data Connectivity and Integration segment - Under the applicable revenue recognition guidance for fiscal years 2018 and prior, these transactions were recognized when the amounts were billed to the customer. In accordance with ASC 606, revenue from term license performance obligations is recognized upon delivery and revenue from maintenance performance obligations is expected to be recognized over the contract term. To the extent that we enter into these transactions, revenue from term licenses with extended payment terms will be recognized prior to the customer being billed and we will recognize an unbilled receivable on the balance sheet. Accordingly, the recognition of license revenue is accelerated under ASC 606 as we historically did not recognize revenue until the amounts had been billed to the customer.

Revenue from transactions with multiple elements within our Application Development and Deployment segment (i.e., sales of perpetual licenses with maintenance and/or support) - Under the applicable revenue recognition guidance for fiscal years 2018 and prior, these transactions were recognized ratably over the associated maintenance period as the Company did not have vendor specific objective evidence ("VSOE") for maintenance or support. Under ASC 606, the requirement to have VSOE for undelivered elements that existed under prior guidance is eliminated. Accordingly, the Company will recognize a portion of the sales price as revenue upon delivery of the license instead of recognizing the entire sales price ratably over the maintenance period.

12



The impact of the adoption of this standard on our previously reported consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of operations is as follows:

Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
November 30, 2018
(in thousands)
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
$
58,450

 
$
1,265

 
$
59,715

Short-term unbilled receivables

 
1,421

 
1,421

Long-term unbilled receivables

 
1,811

 
1,811

Deferred tax assets
1,922

 
(956
)
 
966

Other assets(1)
580,237

 

 
580,237

Total assets
$
640,609

 
$
3,541

 
$
644,150

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term deferred revenue
133,194

 
(9,984
)
 
123,210

Long-term deferred revenue
15,127

 
(2,397
)
 
12,730

Deferred tax liabilities
3,797

 
2,002

 
5,799

Other liabilities(2)
178,409

 

 
178,409

Retained earnings
71,242

 
13,883

 
85,125

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(28,213
)
 
37

 
(28,176
)
Other equity(3)
267,053

 

 
267,053

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
640,609

 
$
3,541

 
$
644,150

(1)Includes cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, other current assets, assets held for sale, property and equipment, net, intangible assets, net, goodwill, and other assets.
(2)Includes current portion of long-term debt, net, accounts payable, accrued compensation and related taxes, dividends payable, income taxes payable, other accrued liabilities, long-term debt, net, and other noncurrent liabilities.
(3)Includes common stock and additional paid-in capital.


13


Consolidated Statements of Income

 
February 28, 2018
(in thousands)
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Software licenses
$
25,343

 
$
711

 
$
26,054

Maintenance and services
68,704

 
652

 
69,356

Total revenue
94,047

 
1,363

 
95,410

Costs of revenue
16,903

 

 
16,903

Gross Profit
77,144

 
1,363

 
78,507

Operating expenses
59,376

 

 
59,376

Income from operations
17,768

 
1,363

 
19,131

Other expense, net
(1,585
)
 

 
(1,585
)
Income before income taxes
16,183

 
1,363

 
17,546

Provision for income taxes
3,271

 
543

 
3,814

Net income
$
12,912

 
$
820

 
$
13,732

Earnings per share:
 
 

 


Basic
$
0.28

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.30

Diluted
$
0.27

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.29

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 

 


Basic
46,529

 

 
46,529

Diluted
47,476

 

 
47,476


The adoption of ASC 606 had no impact on total cash from or used in operating, financing, or investing activities on our consolidated cash flow statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40), Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract ("ASU 2018-15"). ASU 2018-15 amends current guidance to align the accounting for costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Capitalized implementation costs must be expensed over the term of the hosting arrangement and presented in the same line item in the statement of income as the fees associated with the hosting element (service) of the arrangement. The guidance in ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently accounting for costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement in accordance with the guidance provided in ASU 2018-15.
In August 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities ("ASU 2017-12"). ASU 2017-12 intends to better align an entity's risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and the presentation of hedge results. The amendments expand and refine hedge accounting for both nonfinancial and financial risk components and align the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. The guidance in ASU 2017-12 is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this update will have upon adoption on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.


14


In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04"). ASU 2017-04 amends Topic 350 to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. This update requires the performance of an annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge should be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. However, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The guidance in ASU 2017-04 is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently considering whether to adopt this update prior to the required adoption date.

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"), which requires lessees to record most leases on their balance sheets, recognizing a lease liability for the obligation to make lease payments and a right-to-use asset for the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The guidance in ASU 2016-02 is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We currently expect that most of our operating lease commitments will be subject to the update and recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption. However, we are currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this update will have upon adoption on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

Note 2: Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments

A summary of our cash, cash equivalents and available-for-sale investments at February 28, 2019 is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Amortized Cost Basis
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
Cash
$
94,904

 
$

 
$

 
$
94,904

Money market funds
11,612

 

 

 
11,612

State and municipal bond obligations
14,406

 

 
(58
)
 
14,348

U.S. treasury bonds
4,387

 

 
(8
)
 
4,379

Corporate bonds
8,246

 

 
(31
)
 
8,215

Total
$
133,555

 
$

 
$
(97
)
 
$
133,458


A summary of our cash, cash equivalents and available-for-sale investments at November 30, 2018 is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Amortized Cost Basis
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
Cash
$
101,316

 
$

 
$

 
$
101,316

Money market funds
3,810

 

 

 
3,810

State and municipal bond obligations
19,542

 

 
(119
)
 
19,423

U.S. treasury bonds
6,726

 

 
(21
)
 
6,705

Corporate bonds
8,329

 

 
(70
)
 
8,259

Total
$
139,723

 
$

 
$
(210
)
 
$
139,513


Such amounts are classified on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows (in thousands):
 
 
February 28, 2019
 
November 30, 2018
 
Cash and
Equivalents
 
Short-Term
Investments
 
Cash and
Equivalents
 
Short-Term
Investments
Cash
$
94,904

 
$

 
$
101,316

 
$

Money market funds
11,612

 

 
3,810

 

State and municipal bond obligations

 
14,348

 

 
19,423

U.S. treasury bonds

 
4,379

 

 
6,705

Corporate bonds

 
8,215

 

 
8,259

Total
$
106,516

 
$
26,942

 
$
105,126

 
$
34,387



15


The fair value of debt securities by contractual maturity is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
February 28,
2019
 
November 30,
2018
Due in one year or less
$
22,327

 
$
25,051

Due after one year (1)
4,615

 
9,336

Total
$
26,942

 
$
34,387

 
(1)
Includes state and municipal bond obligations and corporate bonds, which are securities representing investments available for current operations and are classified as current on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

We did not hold any investments with continuous unrealized losses as of February 28, 2019 or November 30, 2018.

Note 3: Derivative Instruments

We generally use forward contracts that are not designated as hedging instruments to hedge economically the impact of the variability in exchange rates on intercompany accounts receivable and loans receivable denominated in certain foreign currencies. We generally do not hedge the net assets of our international subsidiaries.

All forward contracts are recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets at the end of each reporting period and expire between 30 days and one year from the date the contract was entered. At February 28, 2019, $0.3 million was recorded in other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. At November 30, 2018, $0.3 million and $0.1 million was recorded in other noncurrent liabilities and other current assets, respectively, on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. In the three months ended February 28, 2019 and February 28, 2018, realized and unrealized gains of $0.7 million and $3.6 million, respectively, from our forward contracts were recognized in foreign currency loss, net on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The gains were substantially offset by realized and unrealized losses on the offsetting positions.

The table below details outstanding foreign currency forward contracts where the notional amount is determined using contract exchange rates (in thousands):
 
 
February 28, 2019
 
November 30, 2018
 
Notional Value
 
Fair Value
 
Notional Value
 
Fair Value
Forward contracts to sell U.S. dollars
$
63,904

 
$
324

 
$
105,830

 
$
(170
)
Forward contracts to purchase U.S. dollars
495

 
(2
)
 
240

 

Total
$
64,399

 
$
322

 
$
106,070

 
$
(170
)

Note 4: Fair Value Measurements

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following table details the fair value measurements within the fair value hierarchy of our financial assets and liabilities at February 28, 2019 (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
Total Fair
Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
11,612

 
$
11,612

 
$

 
$

State and municipal bond obligations
14,348

 

 
14,348

 

U.S. treasury bonds
4,379

 

 
4,379

 

Corporate bonds
8,215

 

 
8,215

 

Foreign exchange derivatives
$
322

 
$

 
$
322

 
$



16


The following table details the fair value measurements within the fair value hierarchy of our financial assets and liabilities at November 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
Total Fair
Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
3,810

 
$
3,810

 
$

 
$

State and municipal bond obligations
19,423

 

 
19,423

 

U.S. treasury bonds
6,705

 

 
6,705

 

Corporate bonds
8,259

 

 
8,259

 

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange derivatives
$
(170
)
 
$

 
$
(170
)
 
$


When developing fair value estimates, we maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. When available, we use quoted market prices to measure fair value. The valuation technique used to measure fair value for our Level 1 and Level 2 assets is a market approach, using prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. If market prices are not available, the fair value measurement is based on models that use primarily market based parameters including yield curves, volatilities, credit ratings and currency rates. In certain cases where market rate assumptions are not available, we are required to make judgments about assumptions market participants would use to estimate the fair value of a financial instrument.

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018, certain assets were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). Based on the fair value measurement, we recorded a $5.1 million asset impairment charge as of November 30, 2018 related to certain corporate land and building assets previously reported as property and equipment, net that we reclassified to assets held for sale on our consolidated balance sheet.

The following table presents nonrecurring fair value measurements as of November 30, 2018 (in thousands):

 
Total Fair Value
 
Total Losses
Assets held for sale
$
5,776

 
$
5,147


The fair value measurement of the assets held for sale were measured using third-party valuation models and were determined using an income-based valuation methodology, which includes discounted expected cash flows. As the discounted cash flows represent unobservable inputs, the fair value was classified as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The expected cash flows include proceeds from the sale, offset by the costs incurred to sell the assets.

We did not have any nonrecurring fair value measurements as of February 28, 2019.


17


Note 5: Intangible Assets and Goodwill

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are comprised of the following significant classes (in thousands):
 
 
February 28, 2019
 
November 30, 2018
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
Purchased technology
$
146,501

 
$
(108,599
)
 
$
37,902

 
$
154,301

 
$
(110,959
)
 
$
43,342

Customer-related
67,642

 
(58,901
)
 
8,741

 
67,802

 
(56,589
)
 
11,213

Trademarks and trade names
17,740

 
(14,086
)
 
3,654

 
17,740

 
(13,376
)
 
4,364

Total
$
231,883

 
$
(181,586
)
 
$
50,297

 
$
239,843

 
$
(180,924
)
 
$
58,919


In the first quarter of fiscal years 2019 and 2018, amortization expense related to intangible assets was $8.6 million and $9.1 million, respectively.

Future amortization expense for intangible assets as of February 28, 2019 is as follows (in thousands):
 
Remainder of 2019
$
26,310

2020
10,152

2021
10,033

2022
3,802

Total
$
50,297


Goodwill

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in the three months ended February 28, 2019 are as follows (in thousands):

Balance, November 30, 2018
$
314,992

Translation adjustments
18

Balance, February 28, 2019
$
315,010


Changes in the goodwill balances by reportable segment in the three months ended February 28, 2019 are as follows (in thousands):
 
November 30, 2018
 
Translation adjustments
 
February 28, 2019
OpenEdge
$
248,987

 
$
18

 
$
249,005

Data Connectivity and Integration
19,040

 

 
19,040

Application Development and Deployment
46,965

 

 
46,965

Total goodwill
$
314,992

 
$
18

 
$
315,010


During the quarter ending February 28, 2019, no triggering events occurred that would indicate that it is more likely than not that the carrying values of any of our reporting units exceeded their fair values.

Note 6: Term Loan and Line of Credit

Our credit agreement provides for a $123.8 million secured term loan and a $150.0 million secured revolving credit facility. The revolving credit facility may be made available in U.S. Dollars and certain other currencies and may be increased by up to an additional $125.0 million if the existing or additional lenders are willing to make such increased commitments. The revolving credit facility has sublimits for swing line loans up to $25.0 million and for the issuance of standby letters of credit in

18


a face amount up to $25.0 million. We expect to use the revolving credit facility for general corporate purposes, including acquisitions of other businesses, and may also use it for working capital.

The credit facility matures on November 20, 2022, when all amounts outstanding will be due and payable in full. The revolving credit facility does not require amortization of principal. The outstanding balance of the term loan as of February 28, 2019 was $116.0 million, with $7.0 million due in the next 12 months. The term loan requires repayment of principal at the end of each fiscal quarter, beginning with the fiscal quarter ended February 28, 2018. The principal repayment amounts are in accordance with the following schedule: (i) eight payments of $1.5 million each, (ii) four payments of $2.3 million each, (iii) four payments of $3.1 million each, (iv) three payments of $3.9 million each, and (v) the last payment is of the remaining principal amount. Any amounts outstanding under the term loan thereafter would be due on the maturity date. The term loan may be prepaid before maturity in whole or in part at our option without penalty or premium. As of February 28, 2019, the carrying value of the term loan approximates the fair value, based on Level 2 inputs (observable market prices in less than active markets), as the interest rate is variable over the selected interest period and is similar to current rates at which we can borrow funds. The interest rate of the credit facility as of February 28, 2019 was 4.00%.

Costs incurred to obtain our long-term debt of $1.8 million are recorded as debt issuance costs as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of February 28, 2019. These costs are being amortized over the term of the debt agreement using the effective interest rate method. Amortization expense related to the debt issuance costs of $0.1 million for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and February 28, 2018, respectively, is recorded in interest expense on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Revolving loans may be borrowed, repaid, and reborrowed until November 20, 2022, at which time all amounts outstanding must be repaid. As of February 28, 2019, there were no amounts outstanding under the revolving line and $1.3 million of letters of credit.

As of February 28, 2019, aggregate principal payments of long-term debt for the next five years are (in thousands):

Remainder of 2019
$
4,641

2020
9,281

2021
12,375

2022
89,719

Total
$
116,016


Note 7: Common Stock Repurchases

We repurchased and retired 0.7 million shares of our common stock for $25.0 million in the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 1.1 million shares for $45.0 million in the three months ended February 28, 2018. The shares were repurchased in both periods as part of our Board of Directors authorized share repurchase program.

In September 2017, our Board of Directors increased our total share repurchase authorization to $250.0 million. As of February 28, 2019, there was $75.0 million remaining under this current authorization.

Note 8: Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation expense reflects the fair value of stock-based awards, less the present value of expected dividends, measured at the grant date and recognized over the relevant service period. We estimate the fair value of each stock-based award on the measurement date using the current market price of the stock, the Black-Scholes option valuation model, or the Monte Carlo Simulation valuation model.

During fiscal year 2017, we granted performance-based restricted stock units that include a three-year market condition under a Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) where the performance measurement period is three-years. Vesting of the LTIP awards is based on our level of attainment of specified total stockholder return ("TSR") targets relative to the percentage appreciation of a specified index of companies for the respective three-year periods and is also subject to the continued employment of the grantees. In order to estimate the fair value of such awards, we used a Monte Carlo Simulation valuation model.

During the first quarter of fiscal years 2018 and 2019, we granted performance-based restricted stock units that include two performance metrics under the LTIP where the performance measurement period is three years. Vesting of the 2018 and 2019

19


LTIP awards is as follows: (i) 50% is based on the three-year market condition as described above (TSR), and (ii) 50% is based on achievement of a three-year cumulative performance condition (operating income). In order to estimate the fair value of such awards, we used a Monte Carlo Simulation valuation model for the market condition portion of the award, and used the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant, less the present value of expected dividends, for the portion related to the performance condition.

The Black-Scholes and Monte Carlo Simulation valuation models incorporate assumptions as to stock price volatility, the expected life of options or awards, a risk-free interest rate and dividend yield. We recognize stock-based compensation expense related to options and restricted stock units on a straight-line basis over the service period of the award, which is generally 4 years for options and 3 years for restricted stock units. We recognize stock-based compensation expense related to our employee stock purchase plan using an accelerated attribution method.

The following table provides the classification of stock-based compensation as reflected in our condensed consolidated statements of operations (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
Cost of maintenance and services
$
244

 
$
246

Sales and marketing
1,048

 
370

Product development
1,928

 
2,046

General and administrative
2,586

 
1,908

Total stock-based compensation
$
5,806

 
$
4,570


Note 9: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive loss during the three months ended February 28, 2019 (in thousands):

 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Unrealized (Losses) Gains on Investments
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance, December 1, 2018, as adjusted
$
(27,973
)
 
$
(203
)
 
$
(28,176
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, net of tax
1,479

 
83

 
1,562

Balance, February 28, 2019
$
(26,494
)
 
$
(120
)
 
$
(26,614
)

The tax effect on accumulated unrealized (losses) gains on investments was minimal as of February 28, 2019 and November 30, 2018.


20


Note 10: Restructuring Charges

The following table provides a summary of activity for our restructuring actions, which are detailed further below (in thousands):

 
Excess
Facilities and
Other Costs
 
Employee Severance and Related Benefits
 
Total
Balance, December 1, 2018
$
307

 
$
4

 
$
311

Costs incurred
411

 
4

 
415

Cash disbursements
(151
)
 
(8
)
 
(159
)
Translation adjustments and other
(84
)
 

 
(84
)
Balance, February 28, 2019
$
483

 
$

 
$
483


During fiscal year 2017, we undertook certain operational restructuring initiatives intended to significantly reduce annual costs. As part of this action, management committed to a new strategic plan highlighted by a new product strategy and a streamlined operating approach. To execute these operational restructuring initiatives, we reduced our global workforce by over 20%. These workforce reductions occurred in substantially all functional units and across all geographies in which we operate. We also consolidated offices in various locations during fiscal years 2017 and 2018 and the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. We expect to incur additional expenses related to facility closures as part of this restructuring action through fiscal year 2019, but we do not expect these additional costs to be material.

Restructuring expenses are related to employee costs, including severance, health benefits and outplacement services (but excluding stock-based compensation), facilities costs, which include fees to terminate lease agreements and costs for unused space, net of sublease assumptions, and other costs, which include asset impairment charges.

As part of this fiscal year 2017 restructuring, for the three months ended February 28, 2019, we incurred expenses of $0.4 million, which are recorded in restructuring expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Cash disbursements for expenses incurred to date under this restructuring are expected to be made through fiscal year 2019. Accordingly, the balance of the restructuring reserve of $0.5 million is included in other accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at February 28, 2019.

Note 11: Income Taxes

Our income tax provision for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and February 28, 2018 reflects our estimate of the effective tax rates expected to be applicable for the full fiscal years, adjusted for any discrete events which are recorded in the period they occur. The estimates are reevaluated each quarter based on our estimated tax expense for the full fiscal year.

The increase in our effective tax rate in the three months ended February 28, 2019 compared to the same period in the prior year is primarily due to a provisional tax benefit amount of $1.4 million recorded in the three months ended February 28, 2018 related to the re-measurement of our U.S. deferred tax balances due to the enactment of tax reform in the U.S. that lowered the federal corporate tax rate.

Certain international provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act became effective for us in fiscal year 2019. The global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI") provisions require us to include in our U.S. income tax base foreign subsidiary earnings in excess of an allowable return of the foreign subsidiary's tangible assets. We have forecasted that we will be subject to incremental U.S. tax resulting from GILTI inclusions in fiscal year 2019.

Our Federal income tax returns have been examined or are closed by statute for all years prior to fiscal year 2015. Our state income tax returns have been examined or are closed by statute for all years prior to fiscal year 2013.

Tax authorities for certain non-U.S. jurisdictions are also examining returns. With some exceptions, we are generally not subject to tax examinations in non-U.S. jurisdictions for years prior to fiscal year 2013.


21


Note 12: Earnings Per Share

We compute basic earnings per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. We compute diluted earnings per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the effect of outstanding dilutive stock options, restricted stock units and deferred stock units, using the treasury stock method. The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share on an interim basis (in thousands, except per share data):

 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
 
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Net income
$
9,402

 
$
13,732

Weighted average shares outstanding
44,956

 
46,529

Dilutive impact from common stock equivalents
330

 
947

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
45,286

 
47,476

Basic earnings per share
$
0.21

 
$
0.30

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.21

 
$
0.29

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

We excluded stock awards representing approximately 911,000 shares and 344,000 shares of common stock from the calculation of diluted earnings per share in the three months ended February 28, 2019 and February 28, 2018, respectively, because these awards were anti-dilutive.

22


Note 13: Business Segments and International Operations

Operating segments are components of an enterprise that engage in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer.

We operate as three distinct business segments: OpenEdge, Data Connectivity and Integration, and Application Development and Deployment.

We do not manage our assets or capital expenditures by segment or assign other income (expense) and income taxes to segments. We manage and report such items on a consolidated company basis.

The following table provides revenue and contribution margin from our reportable segments and reconciles to the consolidated income from continuing operations before income taxes:

 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
(In thousands)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Segment revenue:
 
 
 
OpenEdge
$
65,252

 
$
66,663

Data Connectivity and Integration
6,000

 
9,492

Application Development and Deployment
18,297

 
19,255

Total revenue
89,549

 
95,410

Segment costs of revenue and operating expenses:
 
 
 
OpenEdge
18,315

 
15,762

Data Connectivity and Integration
1,500

 
1,629

Application Development and Deployment
5,427

 
6,798

Total costs of revenue and operating expenses
25,242

 
24,189

Segment contribution margin:
 
 
 
OpenEdge
46,937

 
50,901

Data Connectivity and Integration
4,500

 
7,863

Application Development and Deployment
12,870

 
12,457

Total contribution margin
64,307

 
71,221

Other unallocated expenses(2)
48,898

 
52,090

Income from operations
15,409

 
19,131

Other expense, net
(2,003
)
 
(1,585
)
Income before income taxes
$
13,406

 
$
17,546

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.
(2)The following expenses are not allocated to our segments as we manage and report our business in these functional areas on a consolidated basis only: certain product development and corporate sales and marketing expenses, customer support, administration, amortization of acquired intangibles, stock-based compensation, fees related to shareholder activist, restructuring, and acquisition-related expenses.
                                

23


Our revenues are derived from licensing our products, and from related services, which consist of maintenance, hosting services, and consulting and education. Information relating to revenue from external customers by revenue type is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
(In thousands)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
Performance obligations transferred at a point in time:
 
 
 
Software licenses
$
22,802

 
$
26,054

Performance obligations transferred over time:
 
 
 
Maintenance
59,999

 
62,184

Services
6,748

 
7,172

Total revenue
$
89,549

 
$
95,410

(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

In the following table, revenue attributed to North America includes sales to customers in the U.S. and sales to certain multinational organizations. Revenue from EMEA, Latin America and the Asia Pacific region includes sales to customers in each region plus sales from the U.S. to distributors in these regions. Information relating to revenue from external customers from different geographical areas is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
February 28,
2019
 
February 28,
2018
(In thousands)
 
 
As Adjusted(1)
North America
$
46,498

52
%
 
$
52,198

55
%
EMEA
33,372

37
%
 
33,296

35
%
Latin America
4,461

5
%
 
4,942

5
%
Asia Pacific
5,218

6
%
 
4,974

5
%
Total revenue
$
89,549

100
%
 
$
95,410

100
%
(1)The Company adopted ASC 606 effective December 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.
 

No single customer, partner, or country outside of the U.S. has accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and February 28, 2018. As of February 28, 2019 and November 30, 2018, no individual customer accounted for 10% or more of our net accounts receivable balance. As of February 28, 2019 and November 30, 2018, no individual foreign country accounting for 10% or more of total consolidated assets.

Note 14: Subsequent Events

On March 28, 2019, we entered into an acquisition agreement with Ipswitch, Inc. (“Ipswitch”), pursuant to which we will acquire all of the outstanding equity interests of Ipswitch for $225 million in cash. We will fund the transaction with existing cash on hand and funds secured under a new credit facility. Ipswitch will provide us with leading network management and secure data file transfer capabilities for small and medium-sized businesses and enterprises. The transaction is expected to be completed in late April 2019, subject to customary regulatory approvals and conditions. Results of operations for Ipswitch will be included in our consolidated financial statements as part of the OpenEdge business segment from the date of acquisition.

In connection with the announced acquisition of Ipswitch, we intend to suspend our stock repurchase program for the remainder of fiscal 2019.

24



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Adoption of New Accounting Standards

We adopted the new accounting standard related to revenue recognition ("ASC 606") effective December 1, 2018, using the full retrospective method, which required us to restate prior comparable periods. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations has also been adjusted to reflect the full retrospective adoption of ASC 606.

Critical Accounting Policies

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. We make estimates and assumptions in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. However, actual results may differ from these estimates. The most significant estimates relate to: the timing and amounts of revenue recognition, including the determination of the nature and timing of the satisfaction of performance obligations, the standalone selling price of performance obligations, and the transaction price allocated to performance obligations; the realization of tax assets and estimates of tax liabilities; fair values of investments in marketable securities; assets held for sale; intangible assets and goodwill valuations; the recognition and disclosure of contingent liabilities; the collectability of accounts receivable; and assumptions used to determine the fair value of stock-based compensation. This listing is not a comprehensive list of all of our accounting policies. For further information regarding the application of these and other accounting policies, see Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018.

Revenue Policy

Our contracts with customers often include various combinations of products and services. The determination of whether these products and services are considered to be distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately or if they should be combined requires significant judgment. Further, we utilize a variety of estimation methods to determine the appropriate Standalone Selling Price ("SSP") for each product and service. We use the residual approach in allocating the transaction price to each distinct performance obligation. As required, we evaluate the residual approach estimate compared to all available observable data in order to conclude the estimate is representative of its SSP. See Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation for further information.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 contains certain safe harbor provisions regarding forward-looking statements. This Form 10-Q, and other information provided by us or statements made by our directors, officers or employees from time to time, may contain “forward-looking” statements and information, which involve risks and uncertainties. Actual future results may differ materially. Statements indicating that we “believe,” “may,” “could,” “would,” “might,” “should,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “target,” “anticipate” and “continue,” are forward-looking, as are other statements concerning future financial results, product offerings or other events that have not yet occurred. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results or future events to differ materially from those anticipated by the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation: (1) Economic, geopolitical and market conditions can adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, including our revenue growth and profitability, which in turn could adversely affect our stock price. (2) We may fail to achieve our financial forecasts due to such factors as delays or size reductions in transactions, fewer large transactions in a particular quarter, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, or a decline in our renewal rates for contracts. (3) Our ability to successfully manage transitions to new business models and markets, including an increased emphasis on a cloud and subscription strategy, may not be successful. (4) If we are unable to develop new or sufficiently differentiated products and services, or to enhance and improve our existing products and services in a timely manner to meet market demand, partners and customers may not purchase new software licenses or subscriptions or purchase or renew support contracts. (5) We depend upon our extensive partner channel and we may not be successful in retaining or expanding our relationships with channel partners. (6) Our international sales and operations subject us to additional risks that can adversely affect our operating results, including risks relating to foreign currency gains and losses. (7) If the security measures for our software, services or other offerings are compromised or subject to a successful cyber-attack, or if such offerings contain significant coding or configuration errors, we may experience reputational harm, legal claims and financial exposure. (8) We have made acquisitions, and may make acquisitions in the future, and those acquisitions may not be successful, may involve

25


unanticipated costs or other integration issues or may disrupt our existing operations. (9) Those factors discussed in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in Part I, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2018. Although we have sought to identify the most significant risks to our business, we cannot predict whether, or to what extent, any of such risks may be realized. We also cannot assure you that we have identified all possible issues which we might face. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements that we make.

Use of Constant Currency

Revenue from our international operations has historically represented a substantial portion of our total revenue. As a result, our revenue results have been impacted, and we expect will continue to be impacted, by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. For example, if the local currencies of our foreign subsidiaries strengthen, our consolidated results stated in U.S. dollars are positively impacted.

As exchange rates are an important factor in understanding period to period comparisons, we believe the presentation of revenue growth rates on a constant currency basis enhances the understanding of our revenue results and evaluation of our performance in comparison to prior periods. The constant currency information presented is calculated by translating current period results using prior period weighted average foreign currency exchange rates. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with GAAP.

Overview

Progress Software Corporation ("Progress," the "Company," "we," "us," or "our") offers the leading platform for developing and deploying strategic business applications. We enable customers and partners to deliver modern, high-impact digital experiences with a fraction of the effort, time and cost. Progress offers powerful tools for easily building adaptive user experiences across any type of device or touchpoint, award-winning machine learning that enables cognitive capabilities to be a part of any application, the flexibility of a serverless cloud to deploy modern apps, business rules, web content management, plus leading data connectivity technology. Over 1,700 ISVs, 100,000 enterprise customers, and 2 million developers rely on Progress to power their applications. We operate as three distinct segments: OpenEdge, Data Connectivity and Integration, and Application Development and Deployment.

The key tenets of our strategic plan and operating model are as follows:

Align Resources to Drive Profitability. Our organizational philosophy and operating principles focus primarily on customer and partner retention and success for our core products and a streamlined operating approach in order to more efficiently drive revenue.

Protect and Strengthen Our Core Business. A key element of our strategy is centered on providing the platform and tools enterprises need to build “cognitive applications,” which we believe are the future of application development. We offer this platform to both new customers and partners as well as our existing partner and customer ecosystems. Our platform for cognitive applications enables developers to build the most modern applications quickly and easily, and includes:

our leading UI development tools, which enable organizations to easily build engaging user interfaces for any device or front end;
our NativeScript offering, which allows developers to use JavaScript to build native applications across multiple mobile platforms;
our modern high productivity application development platform, Progress Kinvey, that is cloud-native, is secure, high-performing, and highly-scalable while supporting all modern user interfaces;
automated and intuitive machine learning capabilities for accelerating the creation and delivery of cognitive applications;
our data connectivity and integration capabilities;
our business logic and rules capabilities; and
web content management for delivering personalized and engaging digital experiences

This strategy builds on our inherent DNA and our vast experience in application development that we’ve acquired over the past 35 years.

Holistic Capital Allocation Approach. Pursuant to our capital allocation strategy, we have targeted to return approximately 75-80% of our annual cash flows from operations to stockholders in the form of share repurchases and through dividends. We

26


have also adopted a disciplined approach to future mergers and acquisitions. By adopting strict financial criteria for future acquisitions, these acquisitions will enable us to drive significant stockholder returns by providing scale and increased cash flows.

In September 2017, we announced a new capital allocation strategy pursuant to which we are targeting to return approximately 75-80% of our annual cash flows from operations to stockholders in the form of share repurchases and through dividends. To that end, our Board of Directors increased our total share repurchase authorization to $250.0 million. As of February 28, 2019, there was $75.0 million remaining under this current authorization. As discussed further below, we intend to suspend our stock repurchase program for the remainder of fiscal 2019. We expect to resume share repurchases in fiscal 2020, at a level consistent with our publicly stated capital allocation policy.

On September 21, 2018, our Board of Directors approved an 11% increase to our quarterly cash dividend from $0.14 to $0.155 per share of common stock. We began paying quarterly cash dividends of $0.125 per share of common stock to Progress stockholders in December 2016 and increased the quarterly cash dividend to $0.14 per share in September 2017. We expect to continue paying quarterly cash dividends in subsequent quarters consistent with our capital allocation strategy. However, we may terminate or modify this program at any time. On March 19, 2019, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.155 per share of common stock that will be paid on June 17, 2019 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on June 3, 2019.

On March 28, 2019, we entered into an acquisition agreement with Ipswitch, Inc. (“Ipswitch”), pursuant to which we will acquire all of the outstanding equity interests of Ipswitch for $225 million in cash. We will fund the transaction with existing cash on hand and funds secured under a new credit facility. Ipswitch will provide us with leading network management and secure data file transfer capabilities for small and medium-sized businesses and enterprises. Founded in 1991, Ipswitch serves approximately 24,000 customers in 170 countries. Ipswitch has approximately $75 million in revenue, of which 75% is recurring. Ipswitch has blue-chip customers across all verticals, including finance and banking, healthcare, insurance, retail, government and biotech. The transaction is expected to be completed in late April 2019, subject to customary regulatory approvals and conditions. In connection with the announced acquisition of Ipswitch, we intend to suspend our stock repurchase program for the remainder of fiscal 2019.

We expect to continue to evaluate possible acquisitions and other strategic transactions designed to expand our business. As a result, our expected uses of cash could change, our cash position could be reduced and we may incur additional debt obligations to the extent we complete additional acquisitions. However, we believe that existing cash balances, together with funds generated from operations and amounts available under our credit facility, will be sufficient to finance our operations and meet our foreseeable cash requirements, including quarterly cash dividends and stock repurchases to Progress stockholders, through at least the next twelve months.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from international operations, which are primarily conducted in foreign currencies. The impact of foreign exchange did not result in a material impact on revenue during fiscal years 2018 or 2017, but since approximately one-third of our revenue is denominated in foreign currency, future fluctuations in foreign currency rates may significantly impact our results.

Results of Operations

Revenue

 
Three Months Ended
 
Percentage Change
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Constant
Currency
Revenue
$
89,549

 
$
95,410

 
(6
)%
 
(4
)%

Total revenue decreased in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same quarter last year due to a decrease in license revenue as further described below as well as the strengthening of the U.S. dollar during the quarter, which resulted in an unfavorable impact from foreign currency exchange rates. Changes in prices from the fiscal year 2018 to 2019 did not have a significant impact on our revenue.


27


License Revenue

 
Three Months Ended
 
Percentage Change
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Constant
Currency
License
$
22,802

 
$
26,054

 
(12
)%
 
(10
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
25
%
 
27
%
 
 
 
 

Software license revenue decreased in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same period last year due to the timing of revenue in our Data Connectivity and Integration segment, partially offset by an increase in license sales in our OpenEdge segment. Software license revenue for this quarter also decreased due to the unfavorable impact from currency exchange rates and a decrease in revenue from our Application Development and Deployment segment.

Maintenance and Services Revenue
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Percentage Change
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Constant
Currency
Maintenance
$
59,999

 
$
62,184

 
(4
)%
 
(1
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
67
%
 
65
%
 
 
 
 
Services
6,748

 
7,172

 
(6
)%
 
(4
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
8
%
 
8
%
 
 
 
 
Total maintenance and services revenue
$
66,747

 
$
69,356

 
(4
)%
 
(1
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
75
%
 
73
%
 
 
 
 

Maintenance revenue decreased in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same quarter last year due to an unfavorable impact from currency exchange rates and a decrease in maintenance revenue in our OpenEdge segment. The decrease in services revenue in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 was primarily due to lower professional services revenue from our Application Development and Deployment segment.

Revenue by Region

 
Three Months Ended
 
Percentage Change
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Constant
Currency
North America
$
46,498

 
$
52,198

 
(11
)%
 
(11
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
52
%
 
55
%
 
 
 
 
EMEA
$
33,372

 
$
33,296

 
 %
 
5
 %
As a percentage of total revenue
37
%
 
35
%
 
 
 
 
Latin America
$
4,461

 
$
4,942

 
(10
)%
 
(1
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
5
%
 
5
%
 
 
 
 
Asia Pacific
$
5,218

 
$
4,974

 
5
 %
 
11
 %
As a percentage of total revenue
6
%
 
5
%
 
 
 
 

Total revenue generated in North America decreased $5.7 million, and total revenue generated outside North America remained flat in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same quarter last year. The decrease in North America was primarily due to a decrease in license revenue in our Data Connectivity and Integration segment, professional services revenue decreases in our Application Development and Deployment segment and a decline in maintenance revenue in our OpenEdge segment. The slight increase in EMEA was primarily due to higher license revenue from our Data Connectivity and Integration segment, offset by the unfavorable impact from currency exchange rates as described above. Revenue in Latin America decreased primarily due to an unfavorable impact of exchange rate fluctuations. The revenue generated in Asia Pacific increased primarily due to higher license revenue in our OpenEdge segment.


28


Total revenue generated in markets outside North America represented 48% of total revenue in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 compared to 45% in the same period last year. If exchange rates had remained constant in the first three months of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the exchange rates in effect in the same period of fiscal year 2018, total revenue generated in markets outside North America would have represented 49% of total revenue.

Revenue by Segment

 
Three Months Ended
 
Percentage Change
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Constant Currency
OpenEdge segment
$
65,252

 
$
66,663

 
(2
)%
 
1
 %
Data Connectivity and Integration segment
6,000

 
9,492

 
(37
)%
 
(37
)%
Application Development and Deployment segment
18,297

 
19,255

 
(5
)%
 
(5
)%
Total revenue
$
89,549

 
$
95,410

 
(6
)%
 
(4
)%

Revenue in the OpenEdge segment decreased largely due to the negative impact of exchange rate fluctuations. Data Connectivity and Integration revenue decreased compared to the prior year period due to the timing of certain renewals by original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"). Application Development and Deployment revenue decreased primarily due to lower license and professional services revenue.

Cost of Software Licenses

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Cost of software licenses
$
1,167

 
$
1,261

 
(7
)%
As a percentage of software license revenue
5
%
 
5
%
 
 
As a percentage of total revenue
1
%
 
1
%
 
 

Cost of software licenses consists primarily of costs of royalties, electronic software distribution, duplication and packaging. Cost of software licenses as a percentage of software license revenue varies from period to period depending upon the relative product mix. The slight decrease in cost of software licenses in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 was a result of lower payments of royalties to third parties as compared to the prior period.

Cost of Maintenance and Services

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Cost of maintenance and services
$
9,439

 
$
9,824

 
(4
)%
As a percentage of maintenance and services revenue
14
%
 
14
%
 
 
As a percentage of total revenue
11
%
 
10
%
 
 

Cost of maintenance and services consists primarily of the costs of providing customer support, consulting, and education. Cost of maintenance and services decreased slightly due to lower compensation-related costs.


29


Amortization of Acquired Intangibles
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Amortization of acquired intangibles
$
5,433

 
$
5,818

 
(7
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
6
%
 
6
%
 
 

Amortization of acquired intangibles included in costs of revenue primarily represents the amortization of the value assigned to technology-related intangible assets obtained in business combinations. Amortization of acquired intangibles decreased in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same quarter last year. The decrease was due to the completion of amortization of certain intangible assets acquired in prior years.

Gross Profit
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Gross profit
$
73,510

 
$
78,507

 
(6
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
82
%
 
82
%
 
 

Our gross profit decreased primarily due to the decrease of license and maintenance revenue, partially offset by lower cost of revenue and amortization of acquired intangibles, as described above.

Sales and Marketing

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Sales and marketing
$
22,323

 
$
21,428

 
4
%
As a percentage of total revenue
25
%
 
22
%
 
 

Sales and marketing expenses increased primarily due to higher stock-based compensation expense, as well as higher compensation-related costs in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 compared to the same quarter last year.

Product Development

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Product development
$
19,890

 
$
20,245

 
(2
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
22
%
 
21
%
 
 

Product development expenses decreased primarily due to lower compensation-related costs from a decrease in headcount, as well as lower stock-based compensation expense in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 compared to the same quarter last year.


30


General and Administrative

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
General and administrative
$
12,285

 
$
11,262

 
9
%
As a percentage of total revenue
14
%
 
12
%
 
 

General and administrative expenses include the costs of our finance, human resources, legal, information systems, and administrative departments. General and administrative expenses increased primarily due to higher stock-based compensation expense, as well as higher compensation-related costs, partially offset by lower outside service expense in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 compared to the same quarter last year.

Amortization of Acquired Intangibles

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Amortization of acquired intangibles
$
3,188

 
$
3,319

 
(4
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
4
%
 
3
%
 
 

Amortization of acquired intangibles included in operating expenses primarily represents the amortization of value assigned to intangible assets obtained in business combinations other than assets identified as purchased technology. Amortization of acquired intangibles remained flat in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 compared to the same quarter last year.

Fees Related to Shareholder Activist

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Fees related to shareholder activist
$

 
$
1,258

 
*
As a percentage of total revenue
%
 
1
%
 
 
* Not meaningful

In September 2017, Praesidium Investment Management, then one of our largest stockholders, publicly announced its disagreement with our strategy in a Schedule 13D filed with the SEC and stated that it was seeking changes in the composition of our Board of Directors. In fiscal years 2017 and 2018, we incurred professional and other fees relating to Praesidium’s actions. We do not expect to incur additional professional and other fees related to this matter.

Restructuring Expenses

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Restructuring expenses
$
415

 
$
1,821

 
(77
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
%
 
2
%
 
 
* Not meaningful

Restructuring expenses recorded in the first fiscal quarter of 2019 relate to the restructuring activities that occurred in fiscal year 2017. See Note 10 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details, including types of expenses incurred and the timing of future expenses and cash payments. See also the Liquidity and Capital Resources section of this Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.



31


Acquisition-Related Expenses
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Acquisition-related expenses
$

 
$
43

 
(100
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
%
 
%
 
 

Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred and include those costs incurred as a result of a business combination. These costs consist of professional service fees, including third-party legal and valuation-related fees, as well as retention fees, including earn-out payments treated as compensation expense. Acquisition-related expenses in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 and 2018 were minimal.

Income from Operations
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Income from operations
$
15,409

 
$
19,131

 
(19
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
17
%
 
20
%
 
 

Income from operations decreased in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 as compared to the same quarter last year due to a decrease in revenue, partially offset by a decrease in costs of revenue and operating expenses as shown above. This decrease was also partially offset by lower restructuring expenses as well as professional and other fees incurred relating to Praesidium’s actions in the first fiscal quarter of 2019.

Income from Operations by Segment

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
OpenEdge segment
$
46,937

 
$
50,901

 
(8
)%
Data Connectivity and Integration segment
4,500

 
7,863

 
(43
)%
Application Development and Deployment segment
12,870

 
12,457

 
3
 %
Other unallocated expenses
(48,898
)
 
(52,090
)
 
(6
)%
Income from operations
$
15,409

 
$
19,131

 
(19
)%

Note that the following expenses are not allocated to our segments as we manage and report our business in these functional areas on a consolidated basis only: certain product development and corporate sales and marketing expenses, customer support, administration, amortization of acquired intangibles, stock-based compensation, fees related to shareholder activist, restructuring, and acquisition-related expenses.

Other (Expense) Income, net
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
February 28, 2019
 
February 28, 2018
 
Percentage
Change
Interest expense
$
(1,389
)
 
$
(1,165
)
 
(19
)%
Interest income and other, net
229

 
408

 
(44
)%
Foreign currency (loss) gain, net
(843
)
 
(828
)
 
(2
)%
Total other (expense) income, net
$
(2,003
)
 
$
(1,585
)
 
(26
)%
As a percentage of total revenue
(2
)%
 
(2
)%