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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number 1-4601

 

Schlumberger N.V. (Schlumberger Limited)

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Curaçao

 

52-0684746

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

42 rue Saint-Dominique
Paris, France

 

75007

 

 

 

5599 San Felipe, 17th Floor
Houston, Texas, United States of America

 

77056

 

 

 

62 Buckingham Gate

London, United Kingdom

 

SW1E 6AJ

 

 

 

Parkstraat 83
The Hague, The Netherlands

 

2514 JG

(Addresses of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Codes)

Registrant’s telephone number in the United States, including area code, is: (713513-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

SLB

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files.) Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES NO

As of June 30, 2022, the aggregate market value of the common stock of the registrant held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $50.51 billion.

As of December 31, 2022, the number of shares of common stock outstanding was 1,420,188,492.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain information required to be furnished pursuant to Part III of this Form 10-K is set forth in, and is incorporated by reference from, the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its 2023 Annual General Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed by the registrant with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after December 31, 2022 (the “2023 Proxy Statement”).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

SCHLUMBERGER LIMITED

Table of Contents

Form 10-K

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

3

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

10

 

 

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

15

 

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

15

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

15

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

15

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for SLB’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

16

 

 

 

Item 6.

[Reserved]

16

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

 

 

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

27

 

 

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

28

 

 

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

60

 

 

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

60

 

 

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

60

 

 

 

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

60

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

61

 

 

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

61

 

 

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

61

 

 

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

61

 

 

 

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

61

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

62

 

 

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

65

 

 

 

 

Signatures

66

 

 

 

 

Certifications

 

2


 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

All references in this report to “Registrant,” “Company,” “SLB,” “we” or “our” are to Schlumberger Limited (Schlumberger N.V.) and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

We are SLB. In October 2022, we announced our brand which is built around a new name—SLB—and a logo that underscores our vision for a decarbonized energy future. This move affirmed our transformation from the world’s largest oilfield services company to a global technology company focused on driving energy innovation. The SLB brand builds on nearly a century of technology innovation and industrialization expertise in the energy services industry—continuing to drive innovation, decarbonization and performance for the oil and gas industry while increasing our focus on low- and zero-carbon energy technology solutions. Our new identity symbolizes SLB's commitment to moving farther and faster in facilitating the world's energy needs today and forging the road ahead for a sustainable future.

 

SLB is a global technology company driving energy innovation for a balanced planet. With a global presence in more than 100 countries and employees representing almost twice as many nationalities, we work each day on innovating oil and gas, delivering digital at scale, decarbonizing industries, and developing and scaling new energy systems that accelerate the energy transition.

 

SLB is organized under four Divisions that combine and integrate SLB’s technologies, enhancing our ability to support the emerging long-term growth opportunities in each of these market segments. The Divisions operate through the geographical structure of four Basins that are aligned with critical concentrations of activity: Americas Land, Offshore Atlantic, Middle East & North Africa, and Asia. The Basins are configured around common regional characteristics that enable us to deploy fit-for-purpose technologies, operating models and skills to meet the specific customer needs in each Basin and are focused on agility, responsiveness, and competitiveness. The Basins are organized into GeoUnits, which can be a single country or made up of several countries. With a strong focus on customers, the Basins identify opportunities for growth.

 

Supporting the Divisions is a global network of research and development centers. Through these centers we advance SLB’s technology programs to enhance industry efficiency, lower finding and producing costs, improve productivity, maximize reserve recovery, and increase asset value safely, securely, and sustainably.

 

The four Divisions are:

 

Digital & Integration

 

Reservoir Performance

 

Well Construction

 

Production Systems

 

Digital & Integration – Combines SLB’s industry-leading digital solutions and data products with its integrated offering of Asset Performance Solutions (“APS”). This Division enables greater performance for our customers by reducing cycle times and risk, accelerating returns, increasing productivity, and lowering costs and carbon emissions.

 

The primary offerings comprising this Division are:

 

 

Digital solutions: Includes products, services, and solutions that span the energy value chain from subsurface characterization through field development and hydrocarbon production to carbon management and the integration of adjacent energy systems. Offerings are founded upon proprietary and open-source data platform technologies, industry-leading simulators and workflow tools, and include domain-specific application of innovative digital capabilities such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Solutions are deployable on traditional on-premise IT infrastructures, the cloud, and the edge, allowing for full market coverage irrespective of customer constraints.

 

Exploration data and data processing: Provides comprehensive worldwide reservoir interpretation and data processing services, enabled by a scientifically advanced platform and innovative subsurface imaging techniques for exploration data, also referred to as “multiclient surveys.” Offers one of the industry’s most extensive multiclient libraries.

 

Asset Performance Solutions: Offers an integrated business model for field production projects, by combining SLB’s services and products with drilling rig management and specialized engineering and project management expertise, to provide a complete solution to well construction and production improvement. As of December 31, 2022, SLB’s APS portfolio primarily consisted of three field production projects in Ecuador and one in Canada.

 

Reservoir Performance – Consists of reservoir-centric technologies and services that are critical to optimizing reservoir productivity and performance. Reservoir Performance develops and deploys innovative technologies and services to evaluate, intervene, and stimulate reservoirs that help customers understand subsurface assets and maximize their value.

 

3


 

 

The primary offerings comprising this Division are:

 

 

Wireline: Provides the information necessary to evaluate subsurface geology and fluids to plan and monitor well construction and to monitor and evaluate well production through both openhole and cased hole services, including wireline logging and perforating.

 

Testing: Provides exploration and production pressure and flow-rate measurement services both at the surface and downhole supported by a network of laboratories that facilitate rock and fluid characterization.

 

Stimulation and Intervention: Provides services used during well completions, as well as those used to maintain optimal production throughout the life of a well, including pressure pumping, well stimulation, and coiled tubing equipment for downhole mechanical well intervention, reservoir monitoring, and downhole data acquisition.

 

On December 31, 2020, SLB contributed its onshore hydraulic fracturing business in the United States and Canada (“OneStim®”), including its pressure pumping, pumpdown perforating, and Permian frac sand businesses, to Liberty Energy Inc. (“Liberty”), in exchange for a 37% equity interest in Liberty. OneStim’s historical results were reported as part of the Reservoir Performance Division through the closing of the transaction. As of December 31, 2022, SLB had a 5% equity interest in Liberty.

 

Well Construction – Combines the full portfolio of products and services to optimize well placement and performance, maximize drilling efficiency, and improve wellbore assurance. Well Construction provides operators and drilling rig manufacturers with services and products related to designing and constructing a well.

 

The primary offerings comprising this Division are:

 

Drilling & Measurements: Provides mud logging services for geological and drilling surveillance, directional drilling, measurement-while-drilling, and logging-while-drilling services for all well profiles as well as engineering support.

 

Drilling Fluids: Supplies individually engineered drilling fluid systems that improve drilling performance and maintain well control and wellbore stability throughout drilling operations.

 

Drill Bits: Designs, manufactures, and markets roller cone and fixed cutter drill bits for all drilling environments.

 

Drilling Tools: Includes a wide variety of bottom-hole-assembly and borehole enlargement technologies for drilling operations.

 

Well Cementing: Provides products and services that secure and protect well casings while isolating fluid zones and maximizing wellbore activity.

 

Integrated Well Construction: Provides integrated solutions to construct or change the architecture (re-entry) of wells, including well planning, well drilling, engineering, supervision, logistics, procurement and contracting of third parties, and drilling rig management.

 

Rigs and Equipment: Provides drilling equipment and services for shipyards, drilling contractors, operators, and rental tool companies, as well as land drilling rigs and related services. Drilling equipment falls into two broad categories: pressure control equipment and rotary drilling equipment. These products are designed for either onshore or offshore applications and include drilling equipment packages, blowout preventers, blowout preventer control systems, connectors, riser systems, valves and choke manifold systems, top drives, mud pumps, pipe handling equipment, rig designs and rig kits.

 

Production Systems – Develops technologies and provides expertise that enhance production and recovery from subsurface reservoirs to the surface, into pipelines, and to refineries. Production Systems provides a comprehensive portfolio of equipment and services including subsurface production systems, subsea and surface equipment and services, and midstream production systems.

 

The primary offerings comprising this Division are:

 

 

Artificial Lift: Provides production equipment and optimization services using electrical submersible pumps, gas lift equipment, progressing cavity pumps and surface horizontal pumping systems.

 

Completions Equipment: Supplies well completion services and equipment that include packers, safety valves and sand control technology, as well as a range of intelligent well completions technology and equipment.

 

Surface: Designs and manufactures onshore and offshore platform wellhead systems and processing solutions, including valves, chokes, actuators, and surface trees, and provides services to operators.

 

Valves: Serves portions of the upstream, midstream, and downstream markets and provides valve products that are primarily used to control and direct the flow of hydrocarbons as they are moved from wellheads through flow lines, gathering lines and transmission systems to refineries, petrochemical plants, and industrial centers for processing.

 

Processing: Enables efficient monetization of subsurface assets using standard and custom-designed onshore, offshore, and downstream processing and treatment systems, as well as unique, reservoir-driven, fit-for-purpose integrated production systems for accelerating first production and maximizing project economics.

 

OneSubsea®: Provides integrated solutions, products, systems, and services for the subsea market, including integrated subsea production systems involving wellheads, subsea trees, manifolds and flowline connectors, control systems, connectors and services designed to maximize reservoir recovery and extend the life of each field.

During the third quarter of 2022, SLB, Aker Solutions, and Subsea 7 announced an agreement to form a joint venture to drive innovation and efficiency in subsea production by helping customers unlock reserves and reduce cycle time. The agreement

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will bring together a portfolio of innovative technologies such as subsea gas compression, all-electric subsea production systems and other electrification capabilities that help customers meet their decarbonization goals. The proposed joint venture will combine SLB’s and Aker Solutions’ subsea businesses. Subsea 7 will be an equity partner in the new joint venture.

In addition to contributing its subsea business to the joint venture, at closing SLB will issue to Aker Solutions shares of SLB common stock valued at $306.5 million. Concurrently, Subsea 7 will purchase its 10% interest in exchange for $306.5 million in cash to Aker Solutions. The joint venture also will issue a promissory note to Aker Solutions for $87.5 million. At closing of the joint venture, SLB will own 70%, with Aker Solutions owning 20% and Subsea 7 owning 10%. The transaction is subject to regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions and is expected to close in the second half of 2023.

Corporate Strategy

SLB is committed to addressing the most difficult challenges in the energy industry by pushing the limits of innovation while remaining the performance partner of choice for our customers across the globe. This commitment is underscored by a bold corporate vision: to drive energy innovation for a balanced planet.

At the core of our vision is a returns-focused strategy designed to meet the current and future needs of customers while returning value to shareholders. Since launching the strategy in 2019, it has delivered impressive results, which include:

 

 

Strengthening our core business by high-grading the Company’s portfolio, choosing to exit certain margin-dilutive, commoditized and capital-intensive businesses and projects.

 

Optimizing operations by executing the largest restructuring in the Company’s history, creating a more agile, leaner organization that is better aligned with customer workflows.

 

Enhancing the go-to-market approach through our Basin organization and the launch of fit-for-basin and technology access initiatives.

 

Investing in long-term, resilient growth opportunities in gas, offshore, digital and decarbonization resulting in a stronger footing in gas and offshore development projects.

 

Developing an industry-leading digital platform and launching SLB’s New Energy business to grow lower-carbon or carbon-neutral technologies beyond oil and gas.

 

Today, the world faces the trilemma of providing secure and affordable energy to meet growing demand, while rapidly decarbonizing for a sustainable future. With nearly a century of market and technology leadership, SLB is well positioned to be a leader in providing solutions to address this trilemma. The evolving marketplace will require bold new technologies and ideas, digital transformation and a deep commitment to sustainability. With a balanced transition in mind, we are focused on three engines of growth: Core, Digital and New Energy.

 

Core

Consisting of Reservoir Performance, WeIl Construction and Production Systems, Core remains the Company’s largest engine of growth. Building on decades of technology advancement, we will continue innovating new products, services and technologies that make the exploration, development and production of oil and gas assets cleaner, more resilient, and more efficient, with lower carbon and less impact on the environment.

 

We will continue to build on our fit-for-basin approach and technology access initiatives, developing bespoke and custom technology tailored to the regions and environments in which we operate. This strategy will allow us to address the rapid evolution of our industry into more regional markets, each with distinct resource plays and economics.

 

With the continued growth of digitally enabled technologies that improve efficiency and performance, including our Transition Technologies™ portfolio (which is further described below) and our SLB End-to-End Emissions Solution (SEES) methane elimination business, the Company will provide solutions that enable customers to increase production from their reserves at a competitive cost and low carbon intensity per barrel equivalent.

 

Digital

Digital capabilities continue to grow throughout the energy industry as a key enabler to manage the complex systems required to meet current energy demands and to harness the promise of a lower carbon future. SLB is uniquely positioned to support customers on their digital journeys by managing data migration, workflow redesign and transition to the cloud.

 

SLB’s customers have access to leading digital products and services that help to meet their sustainability goals by driving transparency, better measurement, more effective planning and more impactful and reliable outcomes. To continue elevating customer offerings, we will accelerate the adoption of our proprietary cloud offering DELFI, enabling enterprise data management, delivering autonomous operations, and innovating through domain-driven artificial intelligence.

 

As customers transition from our established software applications to our DELFI digital platform, they will shift from a user-based license model to software-as-a-service (SaaS) subscriptions. This will enable them to evolve from legacy infrastructure and deliver new levels of value creation, with access to key resources such as storage and computing from our cloud partners and access to our industry-leading simulators.

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New Energy

New Energy offers a significant opportunity to use our experience and scale to drive innovation for a low-carbon economy spanning many industries. We are building a broad, diverse portfolio across New Energy sectors, selected for their materiality and adjacency to existing SLB market strengths and our ability to offer differentiated technology.

 

Our New Energy portfolio builds on three fundamental SLB strengths: our unique subsurface domain expertise, applicable beyond oil and gas; our differentiated track record for innovation and industrialization; and our ability to deploy at scale in any region of the world with local knowledge and talent.

 

SLB will continue forging partnerships across various industries to focus on five emerging technologies: carbon solutions, hydrogen, geothermal and geoenergy, stationary energy storage, and critical minerals. Our ambition is to seed technology capabilities in each of these domains and grow throughout the decade, ultimately scaling our New Energy offering into the Company’s fastest growing and largest division.

 

 

Carbon Solutions: Carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration (“CCUS”) is critical to advancing decarbonization and achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change. With industry-leading reservoir modeling capabilities, SLB has been in the CCUS business for more than three decades. The Company is actively progressing CCUS technologies and business models to enable widespread adoption and is exploring collaborations in facility design, building, and operations and going beyond subsurface characterization and well construction to include capture technology, project economics, technology selection, and permitting.

 

 

Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier: SLB is investing in hydrogen generation technologies. One such investment is Genvia, a unique private-public partnership that combines SLB’s expertise and experience with that of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (“CEA”) and partners. Genvia aims to deliver the most efficient and cost-effective technology for producing clean hydrogena versatile source of energy and key component of the energy transition.

 

 

Geothermal and Geoenergy: Geothermal power leverages the heat of the earth to generate electricity by tapping into hot water and steam zones that are continuously recharged, both naturally and by heat injection from sources such as power plant by-products. With decades of expertise in the sector, Geothermex, an SLB company, provides the full spectrum of deep geothermal resource development services—from exploration and drilling to analysis, resource modeling and management, financial modeling, and operational support. Celsius Energy is a New Energy venture that uses shallow geoenergy to provide heating and cooling solutions for new or existing construction and leverages SLB’s extensive knowledge of subsurface behavior, operational automation technology, and science expertise.

 

 

Stationary Energy Storage: Stationary energy storage is a key enabler to make variable renewable energy sources (solar or wind) a larger component of the world’s electricity systems, via energy shifting—enabling power to be delivered in the right place, at the right time, to meet demand. As renewables penetration increases, so does the need for additional storage to ensure the efficiency of the renewable assets and reliability of electricity systems. Large-scale, long-duration energy storage is key, and this market is growing rapidly. SLB is investing in storage technologies including EnerVenue, a start-up that delivers nickel-hydrogen, non-lithium based, economic, safe battery technology that targets the 10-hour storage market.

 

 

Critical Minerals: SLB is applying its knowledge of extraction technologies and processing to the location and sources of critical minerals that will be required to support alternative energy sources. An example of this is our NeoLith Energy technology venture, which uses a differentiated direct lithium extraction process to produce high-purity, battery-grade lithium material while reducing the production time from over a year to just weeks. This unique process is in sharp contrast to conventional evaporative methods of extracting lithium, with significantly reduced water consumption and physical footprint.

 

Sustainability

SLB’s emissions reduction strategy is at the center of our identity and vision, and our commitment to a sustainable future is underscored by bold science-backed targets aligned with the Paris Agreement. In 2021, SLB became the first company in the energy services industry to commit to a 2050 net-zero greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions target including all three emission scopes. By setting targets based on SLB’s total 2019 baseline GHG footprint—inclusive of Scope 3 emissions (which accounted for approximately 95% of SLB’s baseline)—and not just its Scope 1 and 2 footprint, SLB’s comprehensive emissions reduction roadmap addressees the entire oil and gas value chain.

 

SLB’s 2050 net zero target is supported by the following interim milestones, using 2019 as the baseline year:

 

-

by 2025, a 30% reduction in Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions;

 

-

by 2030, a 50% reduction in Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions; and

 

-

by 2030, a 30% reduction in Scope 3 emissions.

 

There are three key components to SLB achieving the 2050 net-zero target: reducing operational emissions, reducing customer emissions that occur while using SLB technology, and taking carbon-negative actions of sufficient scale to offset any residual operating and technology emissions that the Company may have in 2050. SLB’s Scope 1 and 2 emissions primarily come from fuel use and

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electricity consumption: Scope 3 emissions are indirect, such as emissions from customers’ use of SLB technology and emissions from our use of third-party goods and services.

 

In tandem with our 2050 net-zero commitment, SLB introduced a portfolio of Transition Technologies in 2021. This portfolio includes a select group of products and services that quantifiably reduce our customers’ GHG emissions footprint, while continuing to drive high performance, reliability and efficiency. This portfolio will be supported by an industry-leading impact quantification framework and is set to grow as sustainability is further embedded in the Company’s research and development process.

 

While there is an ambitious path ahead, we are cementing our position as a sustainability leader today. SLB continues to be one of the highest-ranked companies in the energy industry across key environmental, social, and governance ratings agencies as of December 31, 2022. This recognition confirms the strategy we have in place and our commitment to leading change in the industry.

Human Capital

As a leading global technology company, with a workforce consisting of approximately 99,000 people in more than 100 countries, one of SLB’s greatest strengths is the diversity of our people. We believe that our ability to attract, develop, motivate, and retain a highly competent and diverse workforce has been paramount to our success for many decades. We recognize that cultivating diversity and promoting inclusion are essential to attracting the best talent from around the world and enabling creativity and innovation to drive business success.

 

Energy transition and changing geopolitics are increasingly impacting our people and customers. SLB is competitively well-positioned from both a people and technology perspective to manage these factors and capture the opportunity that it represents for SLB and the countries where we work.

 

Our national and cultural diversity is based in our philosophy to recruit and develop people from the communities where we work. As a result, we maintain a workforce nationality mix aligned to the revenue derived from the countries in which we work, as reflected in the charts below. Our long-standing commitment to national and cultural diversity, which is seen throughout every layer of SLB, fosters a culture that is global in outlook, yet local in practice.

 

 

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In addition to national and cultural diversity, gender balance is an important part of our diversity, equity, and inclusion strategy. We are committed to leading our industry in gender diversity, and we are on track to reach our interim milestone of having women represent 25% of our salaried employees by 2025. Our next milestone is for women to comprise 30% of our salaried employees by 2030.

 

SLB is proud to provide a career platform that enables a culture of lifelong learning for all employees and is committed to offering borderless careers and making career decisions based on merit. SLB’s borderless career philosophy is powered by its talent and mobility practices, which offer employees multiple, flexible career paths to help them acquire the required skills to reach their potential. We provide continuous growth opportunities through a combination of learning and experience. SLB strives to identify talent early and to provide opportunities for those employees who demonstrate exceptional performance and the ability to progress to higher levels within the organization. These opportunities accelerate career development while fostering an agile workforce and the next generation of business leaders.

Competition

The principal methods of competition within the energy services industry are technological innovation, quality of service, and price differentiation. These factors vary geographically and are dependent upon the different services and products that SLB offers. SLB has numerous competitors, both large and small.

Intellectual Property

SLB owns or controls the industry’s leading portfolio of intellectual property, including but not limited to patents, proprietary information, trade secrets, and software tools and applications that, in the aggregate, are material to SLB’s business. While SLB seeks and holds numerous patents covering various products and processes, no particular patent or group of patents is material to SLB’s business.

Seasonality

Seasonal changes in weather and significant weather events can temporarily affect the delivery of SLB’s products and services. For example, the spring thaw in Canada and other Northern climates and consequent road restrictions can affect activity levels, while the winter months in the North Sea, Russia, and China can produce severe weather conditions that can temporarily reduce levels of activity. In addition, hurricanes and typhoons can disrupt coastal and offshore operations. Furthermore, customer spending patterns for exploration data, software, and other products may result in higher activity in the fourth quarter of the year as clients seek to fully utilize their annual budgets. Conversely, customer budget constraints in North America may lead to lower demand for our services and products in the fourth quarter of the year.

Customers

SLB’s primary customers are national oil companies, large integrated oil companies and independent operators. No single customer exceeded 10% of SLB’s consolidated revenue during each of 2022, 2021 and 2020.

Governmental Regulations

SLB is subject to numerous environmental and other governmental and regulatory requirements related to its operations worldwide. For additional details, see “Item 1(a). Risk Factors – Legal and Regulatory Risks”, which is incorporated by reference in this Item 1.

Corporate Information

SLB was founded in 1926. Schlumberger Limited, the NYSE-listed parent of the SLB family of companies, is incorporated under the laws of Curaçao and has executive offices in Paris, Houston, London, and The Hague. The Company changed its brand name to SLB in 2022 but did not change the legal name of its listed parent company, which remains Schlumberger Limited.

Available Information

The SLB website is www.slb.com. SLB uses its Investor Relations website, https://investorcenter.slb.com/, as a routine channel for distribution of important information, including news releases, analyst presentations, and financial information. SLB makes available free of charge through its Investor Relations website at https://investorcenter.slb.com/, access to its Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and Forms 3, 4 and 5 filed on behalf of directors and executive officers, and amendments to each of those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is filed with or furnished to the SEC. Alternatively, you may access these reports at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Copies are also available, without charge, from SLB Investor Relations, 5599 San Felipe, 17th Floor, Houston, Texas 77056. Unless expressly noted, the information on its website or any other website is not incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K and should not be considered part of this Form 10-K or any other filing SLB makes with the SEC.

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Information About Our Executive Officers

The following table sets forth, as of January 25, 2023, the names and ages of SLB’s executive officers, including all offices and positions held by each executive officer during the past five years.

 

Name

Age

Current Position and Five-Year Business Experience

 

 

 

Olivier Le Peuch

59

Chief Executive Officer and Director, since August 2019; Chief Operating Officer, February 2019 to July 2019; Executive Vice President, Reservoir and Infrastructure, May 2018 to February 2019; and President, Cameron Group, February 2017 to May 2018.

 

 

 

Khaled Al Mogharbel

52

Executive Vice President, Geographies, since July 2020; Executive Vice President, Operations, April 2019 to June 2020; Executive Vice President, Eastern Hemisphere, February 2019 to March 2019; and President, Eastern Hemisphere, May 2017 to January 2019.

 

 

 

Stephane Biguet

54

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, since January 2020; and Vice President, Finance, December 2017 to January 2020.

 

 

 

Abdellah Merad

49

Executive Vice President, Core Services and Equipment, since April 2022; Executive Vice President, Performance Management, May 2019 to March 2022; and President, Production Group, October 2017 to April 2019.

 

 

 

Katharina Beumelburg

46

Chief Strategy and Sustainability Officer, since May 2021; Senior Vice President, Transmission Service, Siemens Energy, Siemens AG (a multinational industrial manufacturing company), April 2020 to May 2021; and Executive Vice President, Strategy, Siemens Gas and Power, Siemens AG, November 2016 to April 2020.

 

 

 

Demosthenis Pafitis

55

Chief Technology Officer, since February 2020; and Senior Vice President, SLB 4.0 Platforms, from December 2017 to January 2020.

 

 

 

Dianne Ralston

56

Chief Legal Officer, since December 2020, and Secretary, since April 2021; and Executive Vice President, Chief Legal Officer, and Secretary, TechnipFMC plc (a global oilfield services company), January 2017 to September 2020.

 

 

 

Carmen Rando Bejar

45

Chief People Officer, since April 2022; Vice President, Global Business Services, September 2019 to March 2022; Operational Planning and Resource Manager, Drilling and Measurements, April 2018 to August 2019; and Operations Systems Manager, Drilling and Measurements, August 2016 to March 2018.

 

 

 

Gavin Rennick

48

President, New Energy, since April 2022; Vice President, Human Resources, February 2019 to March 2022; and President, Software Integrated Solutions, January 2017 to February 2019.

 

 

 

Rajeev Sonthalia

54

President, Digital & Integration, since July 2020; President, Integrated Performance Management, October 2019 to June 2020; Vice President, Marketing, Wells, May 2018 to September 2019; and Vice President, Eastern Hemisphere, Reservoir Characterization Group, October 2017 to April 2018.

 

 

 

Kevin Fyfe

49

Vice President and Treasurer, since July 2022; and Vice President and Controller, October 2017 to June 2022.

 

 

 

Howard Guild

51

Chief Accounting Officer, since July 2005.

 

 

 

Ugo Prechner

45

Vice President and Controller, since August 2022; Well Construction Controller, July 2020 to July 2022; Controller Operations, August 2019 to June 2020; and M-I Swaco Controller, October 2017 to August 2019.

 

 

 

Vijay Kasibhatla

59

Director, Mergers and Acquisitions, since January 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

The following discussion of risk factors known to us contains important information for the understanding of our “forward-looking statements,” which are discussed immediately following Item 7A. of this Form 10-K and elsewhere. These risk factors should also be read in conjunction with Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included in this Form 10-K.

 

We urge you to consider carefully the risks described below, which discuss the material factors that make an investment in our securities speculative or risky, as well as in other reports and materials that we file with the SEC and the other information included or incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K, any of which could materially adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also materially adversely affect our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and prospects.

Business and Operational Risks

Demand for our products and services is substantially dependent on the levels of expenditures by our customers. Recent oil and gas industry downturns have resulted in reduced demand for oilfield products and services and lower expenditures by our customers, which has in the past had, and may in the future have, a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Demand for our products and services depends substantially on expenditures by our customers for the exploration, development and production of oil and gas reserves. These expenditures are generally dependent on our customers’ views of future demand for oil and gas and future oil and gas prices, as well as our customers’ ability to access capital. In addition, the transition of the global energy sector from primarily a fossil fuel-based system to renewable energy sources could affect our customers’ levels of expenditures.

 

Actual and anticipated declines in oil and gas prices have in the past resulted in, and may in the future result in, lower capital expenditures, project modifications, delays or cancellations, general business disruptions, and delays in payment of, or nonpayment of, amounts that are owed to us. These effects have had, and may in the future have, a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Historically, oil and gas prices have experienced significant volatility and can be affected by a variety of factors, including:

 

changes in the supply of and demand for hydrocarbons, which are affected by general economic and business conditions;

 

 

the costs of exploring for, producing, and delivering oil and gas;

 

 

the ability or willingness of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and the expanded alliance known as OPEC+ to set and maintain production levels for oil;

 

 

the level of oil and gas exploration and production activity;

 

 

the level of excess production capacity;

 

 

the level of refining capacity;

 

 

the level of oil and gas inventories;

 

 

access to potential resources;

 

 

political and economic uncertainty and geopolitical unrest;

 

 

governmental laws, policies, regulations, subsidies, and other actions, including initiatives to promote the use of renewable energy sources;

 

 

speculation as to the future price of oil and the speculative trading of oil and gas futures contracts;

 

 

technological advances affecting energy consumption; and

 

 

extreme weather conditions, natural disasters, and public health or similar issues, such as pandemics and epidemics.

 

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The oil and gas industry has historically experienced periodic downturns, which have been characterized by diminished demand for our products and services and downward pressure on the prices that we are able to charge. Sustained market uncertainty can also result in lower demand and pricing for our products and services. A significant industry downturn, sustained market uncertainty, or increased availability of economical alternative energy sources could result in a reduction in demand for our products and services, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and prospects.

 

Disruptions in the political, regulatory, economic, and social environments of the countries in which we operate could adversely affect our reputation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are a global technology company, and our non-US operations accounted for approximately 84% of our consolidated revenue in 2022, 85% in 2021 and 81% in 2020. Instability and unforeseen changes in any of the markets in which we operate could result in business disruptions or operational challenges that may adversely affect the demand for our products and services, or our reputation, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

uncertain or volatile political, social, and economic conditions;

 

 

exposure to expropriation, nationalization, deprivation or confiscation of our assets or the assets of our customers, or other governmental actions;

 

 

social unrest, acts of terrorism, war, or other armed conflict;

 

 

public health crises and other catastrophic events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

 

confiscatory taxation or other adverse tax policies;

 

 

theft of, or lack of sufficient legal protection for, proprietary technology and other intellectual property;

 

 

deprivation of contract rights;

 

 

trade and economic sanctions or other restrictions imposed by the European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, China, or other regions or countries that could restrict or curtail our ability to operate in certain markets;

 

 

unexpected changes in legal and regulatory requirements, including changes in interpretation or enforcement of existing laws;

 

 

restrictions on the repatriation of income or capital;

 

 

currency exchange controls;

 

 

inflation; and

 

 

currency exchange, rate fluctuations and devaluations.

 

As an example of a risk resulting from our global operations, in March 2022 we decided to immediately suspend new investment and technology deployment to our Russia operations. Russia represented approximately 6% of our worldwide revenue during 2022. The carrying value of our net assets in Russia was approximately $0.7 billion as of December 31, 2022. This consisted of $0.3 billion of receivables, $0.3 billion of fixed assets, $0.5 billion of current assets, and $0.4 billion of current liabilities.

 

We continue to actively monitor the dynamic situation in Ukraine and applicable laws, sanctions and trade control restrictions resulting from the conflict. The extent to which our operations and financial results may be affected by the ongoing conflict in Ukraine will depend on various factors, including the extent and duration of the conflict; the effects of the conflict on regional and global economic and geopolitical conditions; the effect of further laws, sanctions and trade control restrictions on our business, the global economy and global supply chains; and the impact of fluctuations in the exchange rate of the ruble. Continuation or escalation of the conflict may also aggravate this and other risk factors identified in this Form 10-K, including cybersecurity, regulatory, and reputational risks.

 

Failure to effectively and timely address the energy transition could adversely affect our business, results of operations and cash flows.

Our long-term success depends on our ability to effectively address the energy transition, which will require adapting our technology portfolio to changing customer preferences and government requirements, developing solutions to decarbonize oil and gas operations, and scaling innovative low-carbon and carbon-neutral technologies. If the energy transition landscape changes faster than anticipated or in a manner that we do not anticipate, demand for our products and services could be adversely affected. Furthermore, if we fail or are perceived to not effectively implement an energy transition strategy, or if investors or financial institutions shift funding away from companies in fossil fuel-related industries, our access to capital or the market for our securities could be negatively impacted.

 

Our operations are subject to cyber incidents that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our success depends in part on our ability to provide effective data security protection in connection with our digital technologies and services. We rely on information technology networks and systems for internal purposes, including secure data storage, processing, and transmission, as well as in our interactions with our business associates, such as customers and suppliers. We also develop software and other digital products and services that store, retrieve, manipulate, and manage our customers’ information and data, external data, personal data, and our own data. Our digital technologies and services, and those of our business associates, are subject to the risk of cyberattacks and, given the nature of such attacks, some incidents can remain undetected for a period of time despite efforts to detect and respond to them in a timely manner. There can be no assurance that the systems we have designed to prevent or limit the effects of cyber incidents or attacks will be sufficient to prevent or detect material consequences arising from such incidents or attacks, or to avoid a material adverse impact on our systems after such incidents or attacks do occur. We have experienced and will continue to experience varying degrees of cyber incidents in the normal conduct of our business, including attacks resulting from phishing emails and ransomware infections. Even if we successfully defend our own digital technologies and services, we

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also rely on third-party business associates, with whom we may share data and services, to defend their digital technologies and services against attack.

 

Unauthorized access to or modification of, or actions disabling our ability to obtain authorized access to, our customers’ data, other external data, personal data, or our own data, as a result of a cyber incident, attack or exploitation of a security vulnerability, could result in significant damage to our reputation or disruption of the services we provide to our customers. In addition, allegations, reports, or concerns regarding vulnerabilities affecting our digital products or services could damage our reputation. This could lead to fewer customers using our digital products and services, which could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations or prospects. In addition, if our systems, or our third-party business associates’ systems, for protecting against cybersecurity risks prove to be insufficient, we could be adversely affected by, among other things, loss of or damage to intellectual property, proprietary or confidential information, or customer, supplier, or employee data; breach of personal data; interruption of our business operations; increased legal and regulatory exposure, including fines and remediation costs; and increased costs required to prevent, respond to, or mitigate cybersecurity attacks. These risks could harm our reputation and our relationships with our employees, business associates and other third parties, and may result in claims against us.

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment. If we are unable to maintain technology leadership, this could adversely affect any competitive advantage we hold.

The energy industry is highly competitive and rapidly evolving. Our business may be adversely affected if we fail to continue developing and producing innovative technologies in response to changes in the market, including customer and government requirements, or if we fail to deliver such technologies to our customers in a timely and cost-competitive manner. If we are unable to maintain technology leadership in our industry, our ability to maintain market share, defend, maintain, or increase prices for our products and services, and negotiate acceptable contract terms with our customers could be adversely affected. Furthermore, competing or new technologies may accelerate the obsolescence of our products or services and reduce the value of our intellectual property.

 

Limitations on our ability to obtain, maintain, protect, or enforce our intellectual property rights, including our trade secrets, could cause a loss in revenue and any competitive advantage we hold.

There can be no assurance that the steps we take to obtain, maintain, protect, and enforce our intellectual property rights will be adequate. Some of our products or services, and the processes we use to produce or provide them, have been granted patent protection, have patent applications pending, or are trade secrets. Our business may be adversely affected when our patents are unenforceable, the claims allowed under our patents are not sufficient to protect our technology, our patent applications are denied, or our trade secrets are not adequately protected. Patent protection on some types of technology, such as software or machine learning processes, may not be available in certain countries in which we operate. Our competitors may also be able to develop technology independently that is similar to ours without infringing on our patents or gaining access to our trade secrets.

 

Third parties may claim that we have infringed upon or otherwise violated their intellectual property rights.

The tools, techniques, methodologies, programs, and components we use to provide our services and products may infringe upon or otherwise violate the intellectual property rights of others or be challenged on that basis. Regardless of the merits, any such claims generally result in significant legal and other costs, including reputational harm, and may distract management from running our business. Resolving such claims could increase our costs, including through royalty payments to acquire licenses, if available, from third parties and through the development of replacement technologies. If a license to resolve a claim were not available, we might not be able to continue providing a particular service or product.

Legal and Regulatory Risks

Our operations require us to comply with numerous laws and regulations, violations of which could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Our operations are subject to international, regional, national, and local laws and regulations in every place where we operate, relating to matters such as environmental protection, health and safety, labor and employment, human rights, import/export controls, currency exchange, bribery and corruption, data privacy and cybersecurity, intellectual property, immigration, and taxation. These laws and regulations are complex, frequently change, and have tended to become more stringent over time. In the event the scope of these laws and regulations expands in the future, the incremental cost of compliance could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Our operations are subject to anti-corruption and anti-bribery laws and regulations, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the UK Bribery Act, and other similar laws. We are also subject to trade control regulations and trade sanctions laws that restrict the movement of certain goods and services to, and certain operations in, various countries or with certain persons. Our ability to transfer people, products and data among certain countries is subject to maintaining required licenses and complying with these laws and regulations.

 

The internal controls, policies and procedures, and employee training and compliance programs we have implemented to deter prohibited practices may not be effective in preventing employees, contractors, or agents from violating or circumventing such internal policies or from material violations of applicable laws and regulations. Any determination that we have violated or are responsible for violations of applicable laws, including anti-bribery, trade control, trade sanctions or anti-corruption laws, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition. Violations of international and US laws and regulations or the loss of any required licenses may result in fines and penalties, criminal sanctions, administrative remedies, or restrictions on business conduct, and could have a material

12


 

adverse effect on our business, operations, and financial condition. In addition, any major violations could have a significant effect on our reputation and consequently on our ability to win future business and maintain existing customer and supplier relationships.

 

Existing or future laws, regulations, court orders or other public- or private-sector initiatives to limit greenhouse gas emissions or relating to climate change may reduce demand for our products and services.

Continuing political and social attention to the issue of climate change has resulted in both existing and proposed international agreements and national, regional, and local legislation and regulatory measures to limit GHG emissions. The implementation of these agreements, including the Paris Agreement, the Europe Climate Law, and other existing or future regulatory mandates, may adversely affect the demand for our products and services, impose taxes on us or our customers, require us or our customers to reduce GHG emissions from our technologies or operations, or accelerate the obsolescence of our products or services.

 

In addition, increasing attention to the risks of climate change has resulted in an increased possibility of litigation or investigations brought by public and private entities against oil and gas companies in connection with their GHG emissions. As a result, we or our customers may become subject to court orders compelling a reduction of GHG emissions or requiring mitigation of the effects of climate change.

 

There is also increased focus by our customers, investors and other stakeholders on climate change, sustainability, and energy transition matters. Actions to address these concerns or negative perceptions of our industry or fossil fuel products and their relationship to the environment have led to initiatives to conserve energy and promote the use of alternative energy sources, which may reduce the demand for and production of oil and gas in areas of the world where our customers operate, and thus reduce future demand for our products and services. In addition, initiatives by investors and financial institutions to limit funding to companies in fossil fuel-related industries may adversely affect our liquidity or access to capital. Any of these initiatives may, in turn, adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Environmental compliance costs and liabilities arising as a result of environmental laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to numerous laws and regulations relating to environmental protection, including those governing air and GHG emissions, water discharges and waste management, as well as the importation and use of hazardous materials, radioactive materials, chemicals, and explosives. The technical requirements of these laws and regulations are becoming increasingly complex, stringent, and expensive to implement. These laws sometimes provide for “strict liability” for remediation costs, damages to natural resources or threats to public health and safety. Strict liability can render us liable for damages without regard to our degree of care or fault. Some environmental laws provide for joint and several strict liability for remediation of spills and releases of hazardous substances, and, as a result, we could be liable for the actions of others.

 

We use and generate hazardous substances and wastes in our operations. In addition, many of our current and former properties are, or have been, used for industrial purposes. Accordingly, we could become subject to material liabilities relating to the investigation and cleanup of potentially contaminated properties, and to claims alleging personal injury or property damage as a result of exposures to, or releases of, hazardous substances. In addition, stricter enforcement or changing interpretations of existing laws and regulations, the enactment of new laws and regulations, the discovery of previously unknown contamination or the imposition of new or increased requirements could require us to incur costs or become the basis for new or increased liabilities that could have a material adverse effect on our business, operations, and financial condition.

 

We could be subject to substantial liability claims, including as a result of well incidents, which could adversely affect our reputation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

The technical complexities of our operations expose us to a wide range of significant health, safety, and environmental risks. Our operations involve production-related activities, radioactive materials, chemicals, explosives and other equipment and services that are deployed in challenging exploration, development, and production environments. Accidents or acts of malfeasance involving these services or equipment, or a failure of a product (including as a result of a cyberattack), could cause personal injury, loss of life, damage to or destruction of property, equipment or the environment, or suspension of operations, which could materially adversely affect us. Any well incidents, including blowouts at a well site or any loss of containment or well control, may expose us to additional liabilities, which could be material. Generally, we rely on contractual indemnities, releases, and limitations on liability with our customers and insurance to protect us from potential liability related to such events. However, our insurance may not protect us against liability for certain kinds of events, including events involving pollution, or against losses resulting from business interruption. Moreover, we may not be able to maintain insurance at levels of risk coverage or policy limits that we deem adequate. Any damages caused by our services or products that are not covered by insurance or are in excess of policy limits or subject to substantial deductibles, could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

General Risk Factors

The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting adverse economic conditions have had, and may continue to have, a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

The COVID-19 pandemic caused, and any resurgence of the pandemic could again cause, a significant reduction in global economic activity, significantly weakening demand for oil and gas, and in turn, for our products and services. Other effects of the pandemic included, and may continue to include, significant volatility and disruption of the global financial markets; adverse revenue and net

13


 

income effects; disruptions to our operations, including suspension or deferral of drilling activities; customer shutdowns of oil and gas exploration and production; downward revisions to customer budgets; limitations on access to sources of liquidity; supply chain disruptions; limitations on access to raw materials; employee impacts from illness; and local and regional closures or lockdowns, including temporary closures of our facilities and the facilities of our customers and suppliers. The extent to which our operating and financial results will continue to be affected by the pandemic will depend on various factors beyond our control, such as the continued severity of the pandemic, including any sustained geographic resurgence; the emergence of new variants and strains of the COVID-19 virus; and the success of actions to contain or treat the virus. COVID-19, and volatile regional and global economic conditions stemming from the pandemic, could also aggravate our other risk factors described in this Form 10-K.

 

Our aspirations, goals, and initiatives related to sustainability and emissions reduction, and our public statements and disclosures regarding them, expose us to numerous risks.

We have developed, and will continue to develop and set, goals, targets, and other objectives related to sustainability matters, including our net-zero target and our energy transition strategy. Statements related to these goals, targets and objectives reflect our current plans and aspirations and do not constitute a guarantee that they will be achieved. Our efforts to research, establish, accomplish, and accurately report on these goals, targets, and objectives expose us to numerous operational, reputational, financial, legal, and other risks. Our ability to achieve any stated goal, target, or objective, including with respect to emissions reduction, is subject to numerous factors and conditions, some of which are outside of our control. Our targets are based on empirical data and estimates that reflect the current best practices for measuring or estimating emissions, but we anticipate that future innovations in both measurement technologies and estimation methodologies could cause us to revise our baseline as well as re-calculate progress toward our targets.

 

Our business faces increased scrutiny from certain investors and other stakeholders related to our sustainability activities, including the goals, targets, and objectives that we announce, and our methodologies and timelines for pursuing them. If our sustainability practices do not meet investor or other stakeholder expectations and standards, which continue to evolve, our reputation, our ability to attract or retain employees, and our attractiveness as an investment or business partner could be negatively affected. Similarly, our failure or perceived failure to pursue or fulfill our sustainability-focused goals, targets, and objectives, to comply with ethical, environmental, or other standards, regulations, or expectations, or to satisfy various reporting standards with respect to these matters, within the timelines we announce, or at all, could adversely affect our business or reputation, as well as expose us to government enforcement actions and private litigation.

 

Failure to attract and retain qualified personnel could impede our operations.

Our future success depends on our ability to recruit, train, and retain qualified personnel. We require highly skilled personnel to operate and provide technical services and support for our business. Competition for the personnel necessary for our businesses intensifies as activity increases, technology evolves and customer demands change. In periods of high utilization, it is often more difficult to find and retain qualified individuals. This could increase our costs or have other material adverse effects on our operations.

Severe weather events, including extreme weather conditions associated with climate change, have in the past and may in the future adversely affect our operations and financial results.

Our business has been, and in the future will be, affected by severe weather events in areas where we operate, which could materially affect our operations and financial results. Extreme weather conditions such as hurricanes, flooding, landslides, and heat waves have in the past resulted in, and may in the future result in, the evacuation of personnel, stoppage of services and activity disruptions at our facilities, in our supply chain, or at well-sites, or result in disruptions of our customers’ operations. Particularly severe weather events affecting platforms or structures may result in a suspension of activities. In addition, acute or chronic physical impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise, coastal storm surge, inland flooding from intense rainfall, and hurricane-strength winds may damage our facilities. Any such extreme weather events may result in increased operating costs or decreases in revenue.

14


 

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2.  Properties.

SLB owns or leases numerous manufacturing facilities, administrative offices, service centers, research centers, data processing centers, mines, and other facilities throughout the world, none of which are individually material.

The information with respect to this Item 3. Legal Proceedings is set forth in Note 14 – Contingencies, in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

Information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required by section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K is included in Exhibit 95 to this Form 10-K.

 

15


 

 

PART II

Item 5.  Market for SLB’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

As of December 31, 2022, there were 22,341 stockholders of record. The principal US market for SLB’s common stock is the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), where it is traded under the symbol “SLB.”

 

The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on SLB common stock with the cumulative total return on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (“S&P 500 Index”) and the cumulative total return on the Philadelphia Oil Service Index. It assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2017 in SLB common stock, in the S&P 500 Index and in the Philadelphia Oil Service Index, as well as the reinvestment of dividends on the last day of the month of payment. The stockholder return set forth below is not necessarily indicative of future performance. The following graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent that SLB specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.

 

Comparison of Five-Year Cumulative Total Return Among

SLB Common Stock, the S&P 500 Index and the

Philadelphia Oil Service Index

 

 

 

Share Repurchases

On January 21, 2016, the SLB Board of Directors approved a $10 billion share repurchase program for SLB common stock. SLB had repurchased $1.0 billion of its common stock under this program as of December 31, 2022. SLB did not repurchase any of its common stock during 2022.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

None.

Item 6. [Reserved].

 

16


 

 

Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements relating to our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions and resources. Such forward-looking statements should be read in conjunction with our disclosures under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

 

This section of the Form 10-K generally discusses 2022 and 2021 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2022 and 2021.   Discussions of 2020 items and year-to-year comparison between 2021 and 2020 that are not included in this Form 10-K can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of SLB’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

2022 Executive Overview

We delivered strong fourth quarter results and concluded a remarkable year for SLB with great success. Full-year 2022 revenue of $28.1 billion increased 23% year on year. All Divisions and geographical areas experienced double digit revenue growth.

 

2022 was transformative for SLB as we set new safety, operational, and performance benchmarks for our customers and strengthened our market position both internationally and in North America. We launched our bold new brand identity, reinforcing our leadership position in energy technology, digital, and sustainability, and demonstrated our ability to deliver superior earnings in this early phase of a structural upcycle in energy.

 

In North America, we seized the growth cycle throughout the year, increased our pretax operating margins close to 600 basis points (“bps”), and almost doubled our pretax operating income. We effectively harnessed our refocused portfolio, fit-for-basin technology, and performance differentiation to gain greater market access and improved pricing, particularly in the drilling markets where we significantly outperformed rig count growth. Today, we have built one of the highest-quality oilfield services and equipment businesses in North America through the implementation of our returns-focused strategy.

 

In the international markets, after a first half of the year that was impacted by geopolitical conflict and supply chain bottlenecks, activity began to visibly expand in the second half of the year, resulting in full year revenue growth of 20% and margin expansion of more than 150 bps. We laid the foundation for further growth and margin expansion through pricing improvements and a solid pipeline of incremental contract awards. In the Middle East, SLB is well positioned to be a key beneficiary of this visible market expansion, and we expect record levels of upstream investment by national oil companies to continue in the next few years. During the year, we secured a sizeable share of tender awards in the region, driven by our differentiated performance, fit-for-purpose technology, and best-in-class local content. Similarly, across offshore basins, we continue to consolidate our advantaged position with new contract awards, particularly in Latin America and Africa.

 

Beyond our financial results, we made significant progress in our sustainability initiatives during the year, including launching several new Transition Technologies to support the decarbonization of oil and gas. Our Transition Technologies portfolio revenue grew more than 30% year-on-year, and we project it will cross the $1 billion revenue mark in 2023.

 

Finally, we initiated increased returns to shareholders, demonstrating confidence in our strategy, our financial outperformance, and our commitment to superior returns. We increased our dividend by 40% in April 2022, followed by a further 43% increase in January 2023, and we resumed our share buyback program in the first quarter of 2023.

 

The fourth quarter affirmed a distinctive new phase in the upcycle with the much-anticipated acceleration of activity in the Middle East, as revenue in the region increased by double digits. Offshore activity continued to strengthen, partially offset by seasonality in the Northern Hemisphere. In North America, the US land rig count remains at robust levels, although the pace of growth is moderating. Additionally, pricing continues to trend favorably, extending beyond North America and into the international regions, supported by new technology and very tight equipment and service capacity in certain markets.

 

These activity dynamics, improved pricing, and our commercial success—particularly in the Middle East, offshore, and North American markets—combine to set a very strong foundation for outperformance in 2023.

 

We strengthened our balance by reducing our net debt by $1.7 billion to $9.3 billion, its lowest level since the second quarter of 2016, and repaid approximately $1.7 billion of gross debt during the year.

 

Looking ahead, we believe the macro backdrop and market fundamentals that underpin a strong multi-year upcycle for energy remain very compelling in both oil and gas and in low-carbon energy resources. First, oil and gas demand is forecasted by the International Energy Agency (“IEA”) to grow by 1.7 million barrels per day in 2023 despite concerns for a potential economic slowdown in certain regions. In parallel, markets remain very tightly supplied. Second, energy security is prompting a sense of urgency to make further investments to ensure capacity expansion and diversity of supply. And third, the secular trends of digital and decarbonization are set to accelerate with significant digital technology advancements, favorable government policy support, and increased spending on low-carbon initiatives and resources.

 

Based on these factors, global upstream spending projections continue to trend positively. Activity growth is expected to be broad-based, marked by an acceleration in international basins. These positive activity dynamics will be amplified by higher service pricing

17


 

and tighter service sector capacity. The impact of loosening COVID-19 restrictions and an earlier than expected reopening of China could support further upside potential over 2023.

 

Overall, the combination of these effects will result in a very favorable mix for SLB with significant growth opportunities in our Core, Digital, and New Energy and we expect another year of very strong growth and margin expansion.

Fourth Quarter 2022 Results

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Stated in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter 2022

 

 

Third Quarter 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax

 

 

Revenue

 

 

Income

 

 

Revenue

 

 

Income

 

Digital & Integration

$

1,012

 

 

$

382

 

 

$

900

 

 

$

305

 

Reservoir Performance

 

1,554

 

 

 

282

 

 

 

1,456

 

 

 

244

 

Well Construction

 

3,229

 

 

 

679

 

 

 

3,084

 

 

 

664

 

Production Systems

 

2,215

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

2,150

 

 

 

224

 

Eliminations & other

 

(131

)

 

 

(24

)

 

 

(113

)

 

 

(37

)

Pretax segment operating income

 

 

 

 

 

1,557

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,400

 

Corporate & other (1)

 

 

 

 

 

(169

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(155

)

Interest income (2)

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

Interest expense (3)

 

 

 

 

 

(118

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(119

)

Charges & credits (4)

 

 

 

 

 

63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

7,879

 

 

$

1,347

 

 

$

7,477

 

 

$

1,134

 

 

(1)

Comprised principally of certain corporate expenses not allocated to the segments, stock-based compensation costs, amortization expense associated with certain intangible assets, certain centrally managed initiatives and other nonoperating items.

(2)

Excludes interest income included in the segments’ income (fourth quarter 2022: $19 million; third quarter 2022: $25 million).

(3)

Excludes interest expense included in the segments’ income (fourth quarter 2022: $3 million; third quarter 2022: $3 million).

(4)

Charges & credits are described in detail in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Fourth-quarter revenue of $7.9 billion increased 5% sequentially. Revenue grew across all Divisions and geographical areas, with robust year-end sales in digital and particularly strong service activity offshore and in the Middle East where a significant inflection was witnessed as capacity expansion projects mobilized.

 

International revenue of $6.2 billion grew 5% sequentially, driven by continued strengthening activity. This revenue increase was led by the Middle East & Asia and Latin America, both of which grew 7%. In North America, revenue of $1.6 billion increased 6% sequentially driven by strong year-end exploration data licensing sales in the US Gulf of Mexico boosting North America offshore revenue.  US land revenue increased 4% sequentially due to drilling revenue growth, which outperformed the rig count growth.

 

Fourth-quarter pretax segment operating margin of 19.8% was the highest since 2015.

Digital & Integration

Digital & Integration fourth-quarter revenue of $1.0 billion increased 12% sequentially, propelled by the year-end exploration data licensing sales in the US Gulf of Mexico and Africa; increased Asset Performance Solutions (“APS”) project activity in Ecuador and higher digital sales internationally.

 

Digital & Integration pretax operating margin of 38% expanded 386 bps sequentially, due to improved profitability in exploration data licensing and digital solutions.

Reservoir Performance

Reservoir Performance revenue of $1.6 billion increased 7% sequentially from new projects and activity gains internationally, particularly in the Middle East and Africa.

 

Reservoir Performance pretax operating margin of 18% expanded 146 bps sequentially. Profitability was boosted by higher offshore and exploration activity, mainly in Africa, and strong development activity, particularly in US land and Middle East & Asia.

Well Construction

Well Construction revenue of $3.2 billion increased 5% sequentially, outperforming global rig count growth due to strong activity from new projects and solid pricing improvements internationally, particularly in the Middle East & Asia and Latin America.

18


 

 

Well Construction pretax operating margin of 21% contracted 50 bps sequentially, as improved profitability from increasing activity in the Middle East & Asia, North America, and Latin America was more than offset by the onset of seasonal effects in the Northern Hemisphere.

Production Systems

Production Systems revenue of $2.2 billion increased 3% sequentially primarily due to higher international sales of artificial lift, completions, and midstream productions systems.

 

Production Systems pretax operating margin of 11% expanded 32 bps sequentially primarily due to an improved revenue mix.

Full-Year 2022 Results

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Stated in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax

 

 

Revenue

 

 

Income

 

 

Revenue

 

 

Income

 

Digital & Integration

$

3,725

 

 

$

1,357

 

 

$

3,290

 

 

$

1,141

 

Reservoir Performance

 

5,553

 

 

 

881

 

 

 

4,599

 

 

 

648

 

Well Construction

 

11,397

 

 

 

2,202

 

 

 

8,706

 

 

 

1,195

 

Production Systems

 

7,862

 

 

 

748

 

 

 

6,710

 

 

 

634

 

Eliminations & other

 

(446

)

 

 

(177

)

 

 

(376

)

 

 

(253

)

Pretax segment operating income

 

 

 

 

 

5,011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,365

 

Corporate & other (1)

 

 

 

 

 

(637

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(573

)

Interest income (2)

 

 

 

 

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31

 

Interest expense (3)

 

 

 

 

 

(477

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(514

)

Charges & credits (4)

 

 

 

 

 

347

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65

 

 

$

28,091

 

 

$

4,271

 

 

$

22,929

 

 

$

2,374

 

 

(1)

Comprised principally of certain corporate expenses not allocated to the segments, stock-based compensation costs, amortization expense associated with certain intangible assets, certain centrally managed initiatives and other nonoperating items.

(2)

Excludes interest income included in the segments’ income (2022: $72 million; 2021: $2 million).

(3)

Excludes interest expense included in the segments’ income (2022: $13 million; 2021: $15 million) and $10 million interest expense included in Charges & credits in 2021.

(4)

Charges and credits are described in detail in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Full-year 2022 revenue of $28.1 billion increased 23% year-on-year driven by activity increases internationally, in North America and across all Divisions.

 

International revenue increased 20% to $21.9 billion led by Latin America and Europe/CIS/Africa with revenue growth of 27% and 25%, respectively, while revenue in the Middle East & Asia increased 12%. In North America, revenue increased 34% to $6.0 billion primarily driven by robust onshore drilling activity; higher sales of production systems; a strong contribution from the APS project in Canada; and increased exploration data licensing in the US Gulf of Mexico.

 

Full-year pretax operating margin of 18% increased 316 bps due to improved operating leverage from higher activity, a favorable activity mix, and an improving pricing environment.

Digital & Integration

Digital & Integration full-year revenue of $3.7 billion increased 13% year on year, primarily driven by increased APS project activity in Ecuador and Canada and higher exploration data licensing sales in the US Gulf of Mexico.

 

Digital & Integration pretax operating margin of 36% expanded 177 bps year on year largely due to improved profitability in exploration data licensing.

Reservoir Performance

Reservoir Performance full-year revenue of $5.6 billion increased 21% year on year as a result of strong international activity led by the Middle East & Asia and Latin America on higher activity and improved pricing.

 

19


 

 

Reservoir Performance pretax operating margin of 16% increased 177 bps year on year primarily due to improved profitability in intervention activity.

Well Construction

Well Construction full-year revenue of $11.4 billion grew 31% year on year with strong growth across all geographical areas led by North America and Latin America, which grew 56% and 53%, respectively. This growth was driven by higher land and offshore activity along with improved pricing.

 

Well Construction pretax operating margin of 19% expanded 560 bps year on year driven by the higher activity and improved pricing.

Production Systems

Production Systems full-year revenue of $7.9 billion increased 17% year on year driven by new projects and increased sales activity primarily in Europe, Africa, and North America. Double digit growth was posted in midstream, artificial lift, surface production systems and subsea production systems.


Production Systems pretax operating margin of 10% was essentially flat primarily as a result of higher logistics costs and a less favorable revenue mix.

Interest & Other Income, Net

Interest & other income, net consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Stated in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Gain on sale of Liberty shares

$

325

 

 

$

28

 

Loss on Blue Chip Swap transactions

 

(139

)

 

 

-

 

Gain on ADC equity investment

 

107

 

 

 

-

 

Earnings of equity method investments

 

164

 

 

 

40

 

Interest income

 

99

 

 

 

33

 

Gain on sale of real estate

 

43

 

 

 

-

 

Gain on repurchase of bonds

 

11

 

 

 

-

 

Unrealized gain on marketable securities

 

-

 

 

 

47

 

 

$

610

 

 

$

148

 

 

During 2022, SLB sold 47.8 million of its shares of Liberty and recognized a gain of $325 million. During 2021, SLB sold 9.5 million of its shares of Liberty and recognized a gain of $28 million.

 

SLB’s functional currency in Argentina is the US dollar and it uses Argentina’s official exchange rate to remeasure its Argentine peso-denominated net assets into US dollars. The Central Bank of Argentina maintains certain currency controls that limit SLB’s ability to access US dollars in Argentina and remit cash from its Argentine operations.  A legal indirect foreign exchange mechanism exists-in the form of capital market transactions known as Blue Chip Swaps, which effectively results in a parallel US dollar exchange rate.  This parallel rate, which cannot be used as the basis to remeasure SLB’s net monetary assets in US dollars under US GAAP, was approximately 93% higher than Argentina’s official exchange rate at December 31, 2022.  During the fourth quarter of 2022, SLB entered into Blue Chip Swap transactions that resulted in a loss of $139 million. 

 

SLB’s peso-denominated net assets in Argentina were approximately $40 million at December 31, 2022 (as compared to approximately $270 million at September 30, 2022), primarily consisting of cash. If Argentina’s official exchange rate converges with the parallel rate, SLB would incur a loss on its peso-denominated net assets in Argentina.  Additionally, SLB may enter into further Blue Chip Swap transactions in the future. Argentina represented less than 5% of SLB’s consolidated revenue in 2022.

 

SLB has an investment in the Arabian Drilling Company (“ADC”), an onshore and offshore gas and oil rig drilling company in Saudi Arabia, that it accounts for under the equity method.  During the fourth quarter of 2022, ADC completed an initial public offering (“IPO”).  In connection with the IPO, SLB sold a portion of its interest in a secondary offering that resulted in SLB receiving net proceeds of $223 million.  As a result of these transactions, SLB’s ownership interest in ADC decreased from 49% to approximately 34%.  SLB recognized a gain of $107 million, representing the gain on the sale of a portion of its interest as well as the effect of the ownership dilution of its equity investment due to the IPO. 

 

The increase in earnings of equity method investments in 2022 as compared to 2021 is primarily due to SLB’s investment in Liberty, as Liberty experienced net losses in 2021 as compared to net income in 2022, as well as higher earnings from SLB’s investment in ADC.

 

The increase in interest income was primarily driven by the effect of higher cash and short-term investment balances and interest rates in Argentina.  This increase was more than offset by approximately $100 million of foreign exchange losses recorded during 2022 ($13

20


 

million during 2021) relating to the remeasurement of Argentine peso-denominated net monetary assets as the official Argentine peso exchange rate devalued compared to the US dollar throughout 2022

 

During 2022, SLB sold certain real estate and recognized a gain of $43 million.

 

During the fourth quarter of 2022, SLB repurchased $395 million of its 3.75% Senior Notes due 2024 and $409 million of its 4.00% Senior Notes due 2025 for $790 million, resulting in a gain of $11 million after considering the write-off of the related deferred financing fees and other costs.

 

During 2021, a start-up company that SLB previously invested in was acquired.  As a result of this transaction, SLB’s ownership interest was converted into shares of a publicly traded company. SLB recognized an unrealized pretax gain of $47 million to increase the carrying value of this investment to its estimated fair value of approximately $55 million.

Interest Expense

Interest expense of $490 million in 2022 decreased $49 million compared to 2021 primarily as a result of the repayment of $1.7 billion and $2.1 billion of debt during 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Other

Research & engineering and General & administrative expenses, as a percentage of Revenue, were as follows:

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Research & engineering

 

2.3

%

 

 

2.4

%

General & administrative

 

1.3

%

 

 

1.5

%

 

Income Taxes

The SLB effective tax rate is sensitive to the geographic mix of earnings. When the percentage of pretax earnings generated outside of North America increases, the SLB effective tax rate generally decreases. Conversely, when the percentage of pretax earnings generated outside of North America decreases, the SLB effective tax rate generally increases.

 

The effective tax rate was 18% in 2022 as compared to 19% in 2021.  The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to the charges and credits described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. These charges and credits reduced the effective tax rate in 2022 by approximately one percentage point.

Charges and Credits

SLB recorded charges and credits during 2022 and 2021. These charges and credits, which are summarized below, are more fully described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

The following is a summary of the 2022 charges and credits:

 

 

(Stated in millions)