0000872248-18-000059.txt : 20181113 0000872248-18-000059.hdr.sgml : 20181113 20181113152447 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0000872248-18-000059 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 60 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20180930 FILED AS OF DATE: 20181113 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20181113 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: PETROQUEST ENERGY INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000872248 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: CRUDE PETROLEUM & NATURAL GAS [1311] IRS NUMBER: 721440714 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-32681 FILM NUMBER: 181177561 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 400 E KALISTE SALOOM RD SUITE 6000 CITY: LAFAYETTE STATE: LA ZIP: 70508 BUSINESS PHONE: 3372327028 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 400 E KALISTE SALOOM RD SUITE 6000 CITY: LAFAYETTE STATE: LA ZIP: 70508 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: OPTIMA PETROLEUM CORP DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19950726 10-Q 1 pq9301810q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: September 30, 2018
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from:                    to:                    
Commission file number: 001-32681
_________________________________________________________________
PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
DELAWARE
 
72-1440714
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
400 E. Kaliste Saloom Rd., Suite 6000
Lafayette, Louisiana
 
70508
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (337) 232-7028
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
Smaller reporting company
x
Emerging growth company
¨
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
As of October 30, 2018 there were 25,587,441 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.001 per share, outstanding.

 
 
 


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Table of Contents
 
 
Page No.
Part I. Financial Information
 
 
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(unaudited)
 
(Note 1)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
25,500

 
$
15,655

Revenue receivable
6,814

 
15,340

Joint interest billing receivable
2,520

 
6,597

Other receivable
2,447

 
7,750

Derivative asset

 
1,174

Deposit for surety bonds
12,438

 
8,300

Other current assets
2,249

 
2,125

Total current assets
51,968

 
56,941

Property and equipment:
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties:
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties, full cost method
1,354,593

 
1,369,861

Unevaluated oil and gas properties
18,947

 
21,854

Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
(1,296,992
)
 
(1,285,660
)
Oil and gas properties, net
76,548

 
106,055

Other property and equipment
9,280

 
9,353

Accumulated depreciation of other property and equipment
(9,003
)
 
(8,843
)
Total property and equipment
76,825

 
106,565

Other assets
1,645

 
792

Total assets
$
130,438

 
$
164,298

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable to vendors
$
2,959

 
$
32,148

Advances from co-owners
463

 
1,730

Oil and gas revenue payable
8,576

 
19,344

Accrued interest
18,196

 
1,724

Asset retirement obligation
459

 
687

Derivative liability

 
731

Other accrued liabilities
7,310

 
6,476

Total current liabilities
37,963

 
62,840

Multi-draw Term Loan
49,716

 
27,963

10% Senior Secured Notes due 2021
9,707

 
9,821

10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021
274,621

 
271,577

Asset retirement obligation
2,337

 
30,623

Preferred stock dividend payable
14,133

 
10,278

Other long-term liabilities
526

 
131

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.001 par value; authorized 5,000 shares; issued and outstanding 1,495 shares
1

 
1

Common stock, $.001 par value; authorized 150,000 shares; issued and outstanding 25,587 and 25,521 shares, respectively
26

 
26

Paid-in capital
314,154

 
313,244

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(401
)
 
278

Accumulated deficit
(572,345
)
 
(562,484
)
Total stockholders’ equity
(258,565
)
 
(248,935
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
130,438

 
$
164,298


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

1


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)
(Amounts in Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas sales
$
20,886

 
$
28,184

 
$
67,310

 
$
73,207

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease operating expenses
4,368

 
8,863

 
16,380

 
23,052

Production taxes
890

 
1,112

 
2,451

 
1,990

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
5,486

 
8,795

 
18,014

 
21,753

General and administrative
4,780

 
3,341

 
12,084

 
10,808

Accretion of asset retirement obligation
42

 
571

 
282

 
1,671

Interest expense
9,371

 
7,371

 
24,488

 
21,776

 
24,937

 
30,053

 
73,699

 
81,050

Other income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense)
394

 
(16
)
 
585

 
36

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss from operations
(3,657
)
 
(1,885
)
 
(5,804
)
 
(7,807
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
38

 
(84
)
 
144

 
(274
)
Net loss
(3,695
)
 
(1,801
)
 
(5,948
)
 
(7,533
)
Preferred stock dividend
1,284

 
1,284

 
3,854

 
3,854

Loss available to common stockholders
$
(4,979
)
 
$
(3,085
)
 
$
(9,802
)
 
$
(11,387
)
Loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share
$
(0.19
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
$
(0.38
)
 
$
(0.54
)
Diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share
$
(0.19
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
$
(0.38
)
 
$
(0.54
)
Weighted average number of common shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
25,587

 
21,230

 
25,565

 
21,222

Diluted
25,587

 
21,230

 
25,565

 
21,222

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


2


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(unaudited)
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
$
(3,695
)
 
$
(1,801
)
 
$
(5,948
)
 
$
(7,533
)
Change in fair value of derivative instruments, accounted for as hedges, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $0, ($10), ($106) and $179, respectively
401

 
(17
)
 
(679
)
 
5,053

Comprehensive loss
$
(3,294
)
 
$
(1,818
)
 
$
(6,627
)
 
$
(2,480
)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


3


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(5,948
)
 
$
(7,533
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Deferred tax expense (benefit)
144

 
(274
)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
18,014

 
21,753

Accretion of asset retirement obligation
282

 
1,671

Share-based compensation expense
852

 
1,181

Amortization costs and other
900

 
561

Non-cash interest expense on PIK Notes
2,961

 
16,973

Payments to settle asset retirement obligations
(503
)
 
(2,277
)
Changes in working capital accounts:
 
 
 
Revenue receivable
8,526

 
198

Joint interest billing receivable
4,834

 
1,935

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(21,651
)
 
2,292

Advances from co-owners
(1,267
)
 
424

Deposit for surety bonds
(4,400
)
 

Other
(879
)
 
(1,576
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
1,865

 
35,328

Cash flows used in investing activities:
 
 
 
Investment in oil and gas properties
(14,727
)
 
(44,941
)
Investment in other property and equipment
30

 
(52
)
Sale of oil and gas properties
(2,328
)
 
2,207

Sale of unevaluated oil and gas properties
5,303

 

Net cash used in investing activities
(11,722
)
 
(42,786
)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities:
 
 
 
Net proceeds from share based compensation
43

 
16

Deferred financing costs
(330
)
 
(156
)
Redemption of 2017 Notes

 
(22,650
)
Costs incurred to redeem 2021 Notes
(11
)
 

Proceeds from borrowings
52,500

 
20,000

Repayment of borrowings
(32,500
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
19,702

 
(2,790
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
9,845

 
(10,248
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
15,655

 
28,312

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
25,500

 
$
18,064

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest
$
4,283

 
$
5,717

Income taxes
$
38

 
$
(95
)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Note 1—Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial information for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, have been prepared by the Company and were not audited by its independent registered public accountants. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments have been made to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company at September 30, 2018 and for all reported periods. Results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year or any future periods.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Unless the context otherwise indicates, any references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company,” "we," or "us" refer to PetroQuest Energy, Inc. ("PetroQuest") and its wholly-owned consolidated subsidiaries, PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C. (a single member Louisiana limited liability company), PetroQuest Oil & Gas, L.L.C. (a single member Louisiana limited liability company), TDC Energy LLC (a single member Louisiana limited liability company) and Pittrans, Inc. (an Oklahoma corporation).
    
NOTE 2 - Going Concern
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business for the twelve month period following the date of these consolidated financial statements. As such, the accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets and their carrying amounts, or the amount and classification of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
The Company's overall liquidity position and cash available for capital expenditures continue to be negatively impacted by continued weak natural gas prices, declining production and increasing cash interest expense on its outstanding indebtedness. Due to the sale of the Company's Gulf of Mexico properties in January 2018 and normal production declines, production has declined by 41% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 and cash flow from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.9 million. At September 30, 2018, the Company had approximately $25.5 million of cash and approximately $334.5 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding indebtedness, and had deferred ten dividend payments with respect to the Company's Series B Preferred Stock and accrued a $14.1 million payable related to the ten deferred payments and the quarterly dividend that was payable on October 15, 2018. In addition, beginning with the August 15, 2018 interest payment on the Company's 2021 PIK Notes (as defined below), the Company is required to pay interest on its 2021 PIK Notes at 10% in cash (instead of 1% in cash and 9% in payment in kind). The Company elected not to pay the cash interest payments that were due on August 15, 2018 under the Company's 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes (as defined below) which totaled approximately $14.2 million (see Note 6 for additional information).
As a result of the forgoing, the Company engaged in discussions and negotiations with the lenders under the Multidraw Term Loan, certain holders of the Company’s 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes, and their legal and financial advisors regarding various alternatives with respect to the Company’s capital structure and financial position, including the significant amount of indebtedness, and the August 15, 2018 interest payments overdue on the Company’s 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes.
Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code
As a result of the forgoing discussions and negotiations, on November 6, 2018 (the “Petition Date”), the Company, PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C. (“PQE”) and their direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (collectively, the “Petition,” and the cases commenced thereby, the “Chapter 11 Cases”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”). The Chapter 11 Cases are being administered jointly under the caption In re: PetroQuest Energy, Inc., et. al. (Case No. 18-36322).
The Debtors will continue to operate as debtors-in-possession under the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court and in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code. The Company expects ordinary-course operations to continue substantially uninterrupted during and after the Chapter 11 Cases.

5


Restructuring Support Agreement
In connection with the Chapter 11 filing, on the Petition Date, the Debtors entered into a restructuring support agreement (the “Restructuring Support Agreement”) with (i) holders (the “2021 Noteholders”) of 81.83% of the Company’s 10% Second Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the “2021 Notes”) issued under that certain Indenture dated as of February 17, 2016, among the Company, the Subsidiary Guarantors (as defined therein) and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and collateral trustee thereunder, (ii) holders (the “2021 PIK Noteholders” and, together with the 2021 Noteholders, the “Supporting Noteholders”) of 84.76% of the Company’s 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the “2021 PIK Notes”) issued under that certain Indenture dated as of September 27, 2016, among the Company, the Subsidiary Guarantors (as defined therein) and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as indenture trustee and collateral trustee thereunder, and (iii) each of the lenders, or investment advisors or managers for the account of each of the lenders (collectively, and any successors or permitted assigns that become party thereto, the “Supporting Lenders” and collectively with the Supporting Noteholders, the “Supporting Parties”) under the Company’s multi-draw term loan agreement (the “Multidraw Term Loan Agreement”), by and among PQE, the Company, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and lenders holding Term Loans (as defined therein) party thereto from time to time.
The Restructuring Support Agreement contemplates the restructuring (the “Restructuring”) of the Debtors pursuant to the plan of reorganization attached thereto (the “Plan”), the terms of which have been agreed upon by the Debtors and Supporting Parties.
The Restructuring Support Agreement provides for certain milestones requiring, among other things, that the Debtors commence the solicitation of votes to accept or reject the Plan on or before November 20, 2018, the confirmation order be entered by the Bankruptcy Court on or before December 21, 2018 and the Plan becomes effective on or before December 31, 2018.
The Restructuring Support Agreement contains certain covenants on the part of each of the Debtors and the Supporting Parties, including, subject to the terms of the Restructuring Support Agreement, limitations on the parties’ ability to pursue transactions other than the Restructuring, commitments by the Supporting Parties to vote in favor of the Plan, and commitments of the Debtors and the Supporting Parties to negotiate in good faith to finalize the documents and agreements governing the Restructuring. The Restructuring Support Agreement also provides for certain conditions to the obligations of the parties and for termination upon the occurrence of certain events, including without limitation, the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the Restructuring Support Agreement.
The Debtors have also filed a motion, and the Bankruptcy Court has entered an interim order, placing restrictions on the trading of the Company’s equity securities for the purpose of preserving certain tax attributes.
Proposed Chapter 11 Restructuring
The Plan provides, among other things, that:
Existing common stock and preferred stock of the Company would be extinguished, and existing equity holders would not receive or retain any distribution, property or other value on account of or consideration in respect of their equity interests.
Holders of claims (the “First Lien Claims”) arising on account of the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $50,000,000, plus any accrued and unpaid interest and expenses. Each holder of First Lien Claims will receive cash equal to the amount of its claim from funds available pursuant to the Exit Facility in an aggregate amount of $50 million on the terms and conditions described in the Restructuring Support Agreement (the “Exit Facility”).
Holders of claims relating to the 2021 Notes (the “Second Lien Notes Claims”) will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $9,427,000, plus any accrued and unpaid interest thereon payable through the Petition Date. Each holder of Second Lien Notes will receive (i) its pro rata share of 100% of the common stock in the reorganized Company (the “New Equity”) on account of such Second Lien Notes Claims, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the long-term management incentive plan for the reorganized Debtors (the “Management Incentive Plan”) and (y) the New Equity payable to the parties backstopping the Exit Facility (the “Put Option Premium”), and (ii) its pro rata share of $80 million in 10% Secured PIK Notes due 2023 (the “New 2023 PIK Notes”) issued by the reorganized Company pursuant to the indenture dated as of the date the Plan is declared effective (the “Effective Date”); such pro rata share of the New Equity and the New 2023 PIK Notes calculated by including the $275,045,768 (plus any accrued and unpaid interest) of Second Lien PIK Notes Claims as claims that will share pro rata in 100% of the New Equity, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium.
Holders of claims relating to the 2021 PIK Notes (the “Second Lien PIK Notes Claims”) will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $275,045,768, plus any accrued and unpaid interest thereon payable through the Petition Date. Each holder of Second Lien PIK Notes will receive (i) its pro rata share of 100% of the New Equity on

6


account of such Second Lien PIK Notes Claims, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium, and (ii) its pro rata share of 80 million in New 2023 PIK Notes; such pro rata share of the New Equity and the New 2023 PIK Notes calculated by including the $9,427,000 (plus any accrued and unpaid interest) of Second Lien Notes Claims as claims that will share pro rata in 100% of the New Equity, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium.
Holders of allowed priority claims (other than a priority tax claim or administrative claim) will receive either: (i) payment in full, in cash, equal to the full allowed amount of such claim or (ii) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such holder, the Debtors, and the Requisite Creditors (as defined the Restructuring Support Agreement).
Holders of secured claims (other than a secured tax claim, First Lien Claim, or Second Lien Notes Claim) will receive, at the Debtors’ election, either: (i) cash equal to the full allowed amount of such claim, (ii) reinstatement of such holder’s claim, (iii) the return or abandonment of the collateral securing such claim to such holder, or (iv) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such holder, the Debtors and the Requisite Creditors.
Holders of secured tax claims will receive, at the Debtor’s election, either (i) cash equal to the full amount of its claim, (ii) reinstatement of such holder’s priority tax claim, (iii) the return or abandonment of the collateral securing such claim to such holder, or (iv) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such Holder, the Debtors and the Requisite Creditors.
Holders of general unsecured claims will receive their pro rata share of $400,000 (less the reasonable out of pocket expenses of the claims administrator), except to the extent that the holder of an allowed general unsecured claim agrees to a less favorable treatment, in full and final satisfaction, compromise, settlement, release or discharge of each allowed general unsecured claim.
Any claim against a Debtor subject to mandatory subordination pursuant to section 510(b) of the Bankruptcy Code (“Section 510(b) Claim”), if any, shall be discharged, canceled, released, and extinguished and shall be of no further force or effect, and holders of Section 510(b) Claims shall not receive any distribution on account of such Section 510(b) Claims.
Intercompany claims shall be reinstated or, at the Debtors’ option, cancelled. No distribution shall be made on account of any intercompany claims other than in the ordinary course of business of the Debtors, as applicable.
Intercompany interests shall be reinstated or, at the Debtors’ option, cancelled. No distribution shall be made on account of any Intercompany Interests.
Reorganization Items, Net
The Company has incurred and is expected to continue to incur significant costs associated with the reorganization. These costs, which are expensed as incurred, are expected to significantly affect the Company’s results of operations. Reorganization items represent costs and income directly associated with the Chapter 11 Cases, and will also include adjustments to reflect the carrying value of certain liabilities subject to compromise at their estimated allowed claim amounts, as such adjustments are determined.
Effect of Filing on Creditors
Subject to certain exceptions, under the Bankruptcy Code, the filing of the Petition automatically enjoined, or stayed, the continuation of most judicial or administrative proceedings or filing of other actions against the Debtors or their property to recover, collect or secure a claim arising prior to the Petition Date. Absent an order of the Bankruptcy Court, substantially all of the Debtors’ prepetition liabilities are subject to settlement under the Bankruptcy Code. Although the filing of the Petition triggered defaults on the Debtors’ debt obligations, creditors are stayed from taking any actions against the Debtors as a result of such defaults, subject to certain limited exceptions permitted by the Bankruptcy Code.
Rejection of Executory Contracts
Subject to certain exceptions, under the Bankruptcy Code, the Debtors may assume, assign or reject certain executory contracts and unexpired leases subject to the approval of the Bankruptcy Court and satisfaction of certain other conditions. Generally, the rejection of an executory contract or unexpired lease is treated as a prepetition breach of such executory contract or unexpired lease and, subject to certain exceptions, relieves the Debtors of performing their future obligations under such executory contract or unexpired lease but entitles the contract counterparty or lessor to a prepetition general unsecured claim for damages caused by such deemed breach. Counterparties to such rejected contracts or leases may assert unsecured claims in the Bankruptcy Court against the applicable Debtors’ estate for damages. Generally, the assumption of an executory contract or unexpired lease requires the Debtors to cure existing monetary defaults under such executory contract or unexpired lease and provide adequate assurance of future performance. Accordingly, any description of an executory contract or unexpired lease with any of the Debtors in this

7


Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including where applicable a quantification of the Company’s obligations under any such executory contract or unexpired lease with the applicable Debtor, is qualified by any overriding rejection rights the Company has under the Bankruptcy Code. Further, nothing herein is or shall be deemed an admission with respect to any claim amounts or calculations arising from the rejection of any executory contract or unexpired lease and the Debtors expressly preserve all of their rights with respect thereto.
Process for Plan of Reorganization
On the Petition Date, the Debtors filed the Plan, which if confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court, would, among other things, resolve the Debtors’ prepetition obligations, issue new debt and equity for the reorganized Company and establish the reorganized Company’s corporate governance subsequent to exit from bankruptcy.
In addition to being voted on by holders of impaired claims and equity interests, the Plan must satisfy certain requirements of the Bankruptcy Code and must be approved, or confirmed, by the Bankruptcy Court in order to become effective. The Plan will be accepted by a class of holders of claims against the Debtors if at least one-half in number and two-thirds in dollar amount of claims actually voting in each class of claims impaired by the Plan have voted to accept the Plan. A class of claims or equity interests that does not receive or retain any property under the Plan on account of such claims or interests is deemed to have voted to reject the Plan.
Under certain circumstances set forth in Section 1129(b) of the Bankruptcy Code, the Bankruptcy Court may confirm the Plan even if the Plan has not been accepted by all impaired classes of claims and equity interests. The precise requirements and evidentiary showing for confirming the Plan notwithstanding its rejection by one or more impaired classes of claims or equity interests depends upon a number of factors, including the status and seniority of the claims or equity interests in the rejecting class (i.e., unsecured or secured claims, subordinated or senior claims).
Although the Plan provides that the Debtors will emerge from bankruptcy as a going concern, there can be no assurance at this time that the Debtors will be able to successfully confirm and consummate the Plan or any other alternative restructuring transaction, including a sale of all or substantially all of the Debtors’ assets, that satisfies the conditions of the Bankruptcy Code and is confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court, or that the Plan will be implemented successfully. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.
Bankruptcy Accounting and Financial Reporting
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the consolidated financial statements have not been modified to reflect the bankruptcy filing. For periods subsequent to filing the Petition, the Company will apply ASC 852, Reorganizations, in preparing the consolidated financial statements. ASC 852 requires that the financial statements distinguish transactions and events that are directly associated with the reorganization from the ongoing operations of the business. Accordingly, certain expenses, gains and losses that are realized or incurred in the Chapter 11 Cases will be recorded in a reorganization line item on the consolidated statements of operations. In addition, the pre-petition obligations that may be impacted by the bankruptcy reorganization process will be classified on the balance sheet in liabilities subject to compromise. These liabilities will be reported at the amounts expected to be allowed by the Bankruptcy Court, even if they may be settled for lesser amounts.

Note 3—Acquisitions and Divestitures
Divestitures:
On April 17, 2017, the Company completed the sale of its interest in the East Lake Verret field in Louisiana for approximately $2.2 million. This sale was accounted for as an adjustment to the capitalized costs of oil and gas properties. On December 15, 2017, the Company completed the sale of its saltwater disposal assets in East Texas for approximately $8.5 million. This sale was accounted for as an adjustment to the capitalized costs of oil and gas properties.
On January 31, 2018, the Company sold its Gulf of Mexico properties. The Company received no consideration from the sale of these properties and is required to contribute approximately $3.8 million towards the future abandonment costs for the properties, which is included in other accrued liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2018. As a result of the sale, the Company extinguished approximately $28.2 million of its discounted asset retirement obligations. In connection with the sale, the Company expects to receive a cash refund of $12.4 million ($8.3 million was received during October 2018) related to a depositary account that serves to collateralize a portion of the Company's offshore bonds related to these properties, which is included in deposits for surety bonds on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2018. After finalizing purchase price adjustments, during October 2018 the Company settled the remaining liabilities related to this sale for $4.2 million. This sale was accounted for as an adjustment to the capitalized costs of oil and gas properties.

8


Acquisitions:
In December 2017, the Company entered into an oil focused play in central Louisiana targeting the Austin Chalk formation through the execution of agreements to acquire interests in approximately 24,600 gross acres. The Company has invested approximately $11.1 million as of September 30, 2018 in acquisition, engineering and geological costs and issued 2.0 million shares of common stock with respect to these interests.
Note 4—Equity
Common Stock
During December 2017, the Company issued 2.0 million shares of common stock in connection with the acquisition of Austin Chalk acreage (see Note 3). Additionally, during December 2017, the Company issued approximately 2.2 million shares of common stock related to the extinguishment of a portion of the outstanding 2021 Notes (see Note 6).
Convertible Preferred Stock
The Company has 1,495,000 shares of 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) outstanding.
The following is a summary of certain terms of the Series B Preferred Stock:
Dividends. The Series B Preferred Stock accumulates dividends at an annual rate of 6.875% for each share of Series B Preferred Stock. Dividends are cumulative from the date of first issuance and, to the extent payment of dividends is not prohibited by the Company’s debt agreements, assets are legally available to pay dividends and the Company’s board of directors or an authorized committee of the board declares a dividend payable, the Company pays dividends in cash, every quarter.
In connection with an amendment to the Company's prior bank credit facility (which was replaced by the Old Loan Agreement (as defined below) in October 2016 and the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (as defined below) in August 2018) prohibiting the Company from declaring or paying dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock, the Company suspended the quarterly cash dividend on its Series B Preferred Stock beginning with the dividend payment due on April 15, 2016. The Old Loan Agreement also prohibited, and the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement also prohibits the Company from declaring and paying cash dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock. Under the terms of the Series B Preferred Stock, any unpaid dividends will accumulate. As of September 30, 2018, the Company has deferred ten dividend payments and has accrued a $14.1 million payable related to the ten deferred payments and the quarterly dividend that was payable on October 15, 2018, which is included in preferred stock dividend payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. As a result of the restrictions under the Old Loan Agreement, the Company did not pay the dividend that was payable on July 15, 2017, which represented the sixth deferred dividend payment. As a result, the holders of the Series B Preferred Stock, voting as a single class, had the right prior to the Petition Date to elect two additional directors to the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board") until all accumulated and unpaid dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock are paid in full. On April 12, 2018, June 18, 2018 and September 7, 2018, the Company received written notices from separate holders of the Series B Preferred Stock exercising this right by requesting that the Board call a special meeting of the holders of the preferred stock for the purposes of electing the additional directors, as set forth in Section 4(ii) of the Certificate of Designations establishing the preferred stock, dated September 24, 2007. The April 12, 2018 and June 18, 2018 requests were subsequently withdrawn, but the September 7, 2018 request remains outstanding.
Mandatory conversion. The Company may, at its option, cause shares of the Series B Preferred Stock to be automatically converted at the applicable conversion rate, but only if the closing sale price of the Company’s common stock for 20 trading days within a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the trading day immediately preceding the date the Company gives the conversion notice equals or exceeds 130% of the conversion price in effect on each such trading day.
Conversion rights. Each share of Series B Preferred Stock may be converted at any time, at the option of the holder, into 0.8608 shares of the Company’s common stock (which is based on a conversion price of approximately $58.08 per share of common stock, subject to further adjustment) plus cash in lieu of fractional shares, subject to the Company’s right to settle all or a portion of any such conversion in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock. If the Company elects to settle all or any portion of its conversion obligation in cash, the conversion value and the number of shares of the Company’s common stock it will deliver upon conversion (if any) will be based upon a 20 trading day averaging period.
Upon any conversion, the holder will not receive any cash payment representing accumulated and unpaid dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock, whether or not in arrears, except in limited circumstances. The conversion rate is equal to $50 divided by the conversion price at the time. The conversion price is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events. The conversion price on the conversion date and the number of shares of the Company’s common stock, as applicable, to be delivered upon conversion may be adjusted if certain events occur.

9




Note 5—Earnings Per Share
A reconciliation between the basic and diluted earnings per share computations (in thousands, except per share amounts) is as follow:
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Loss
(Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
$
(4,979
)
 
25,587

 
$
(0.19
)
Stock options

 

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
(4,979
)
 
25,587

 
$
(0.19
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
Loss
(Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
$
(9,802
)
 
25,565

 
$
(0.38
)
  Stock options

 

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
(9,802
)
 
25,565

 
$
(0.38
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
Loss (Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
$
(3,085
)
 
21,230

 
$
(0.15
)
Stock options

 

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
(3,085
)
 
21,230

 
$
(0.15
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Loss (Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
$
(11,387
)
 
21,222

 
$
(0.54
)
Stock options

 

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
(11,387
)
 
21,222

 
$
(0.54
)

An aggregate of 1.9 million and 1.4 million shares of common stock representing options to purchase common stock and unvested shares of restricted common stock and common shares issuable upon the assumed conversion of the Series B Preferred Stock totaling 1.3 million shares were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, because the inclusion would have been anti-dilutive as a result of the net loss reported for such periods.
An aggregate of 2.0 million and 1.4 million shares of common stock representing options to purchase common stock and unvested shares of restricted common stock and common shares issuable upon the assumed conversion of the Series B Preferred Stock totaling 1.3 million shares were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, because the inclusion would have been anti-dilutive as a result of the net loss reported for such periods.
    
    

10


Note 6—Long-Term Debt
On August 19, 2010, the Company issued $150 million in principal amount of its 10% Senior Notes due 2017. On July 3, 2013, the Company issued an additional $200 million in principal amount of its 10% Senior Notes due 2017 (collectively, the "2017 Notes").
On February 17, 2016, the Company closed a private exchange offer (the "February Exchange") and consent solicitation (the "February Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of its outstanding 2017 Notes. In satisfaction of the tender of $214.4 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 61% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, the Company (i) paid approximately $53.6 million of cash, (ii) issued $144.7 million aggregate principal amount of its new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the "2021 Notes") and (iii) issued approximately 1.1 million shares of its common stock. Following the completion of the February Exchange, $135.6 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes remained outstanding. The February Consent Solicitation eliminated or waived substantially all of the restrictive covenants contained in the indenture governing the 2017 Notes.
On September 27, 2016, the Company closed private exchange offers (the "September Exchange") and a consent solicitation (the "September Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of its outstanding 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes. In satisfaction of the consideration of $113.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 83% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, and $130.5 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes, representing approximately 90% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2021 Notes, the Company issued (i) $243.5 million in aggregate principal amount of its new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the "2021 PIK Notes") and (ii) approximately 3.5 million shares of its common stock. The Company also paid, in cash, accrued and unpaid interest on the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes accepted in the September Exchange from the last applicable interest payment date to, but not including, September 27, 2016. Following the consummation of the September Exchange, there were $22.7 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes outstanding and $14.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes outstanding. The September Consent Solicitation amended certain provisions of the indenture governing the 2021 Notes and amended the registration rights agreement with respect to the 2021 Notes.
On March 31, 2017, the Company redeemed its remaining outstanding 2017 Notes at a redemption price of $22.8 million. The redemption was funded by cash on hand and amounts borrowed under the Old Loan Agreement described below. On December 28, 2017, the Company issued approximately 2.2 million shares of common stock to extinguish approximately $4.8 million of outstanding principal amount of 2021 Notes.
The 2021 PIK Notes bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. The Company was permitted, at its option, for the first three interest payment dates of the 2021 PIK Notes, to instead pay interest at (i) the annual rate of 1% in cash plus (ii) the annual rate of 9% PIK (the "PIK Interest") payable by increasing the principal amount outstanding of the 2021 PIK Notes or by issuing additional 2021 PIK Notes in certificated form. The Company exercised this PIK option in connection with the interest payments due on February 15, 2017, August 15, 2017 and February 15, 2018.
The 2021 Notes bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year.
The February Exchange and September Exchange were accounted for as troubled debt restructurings pursuant to guidance provided by Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 470-60 "Troubled Debt Restructurings by Debtors." The Company determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes and the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange. Accordingly, no gain or loss on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the September Exchange. The net shortfall of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes tendered as compared to the principal amount of the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange of $0.6 million is reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. Such shortfall is being amortized under the effective interest method over the term of the 2021 PIK Notes. At September 30, 2018, $0.4 million of the shortfall remained as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes and the Company recognized $84,000 of amortization expense as an increase to interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
The Company previously determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes tendered in the February Exchange. Accordingly, no gain on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the February Exchange. The excess of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes tendered over the principal amount of the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange of $13.9 million was reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 Notes. The amount of the excess carrying value attributable to the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange is now reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. The excess carrying value attributable to the remaining 2021 Notes is being amortized under the effective interest method over the term of the 2021 Notes. At September 30, 2018, $0.5 million of the excess remained as part of the carrying value of the 2021

11


Notes and the Company recognized $132,000 of amortization expense as a reduction to interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
The indentures governing the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes contain affirmative and negative covenants that, among other things, limit the ability of the Company and the subsidiary guarantors of the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes to incur indebtedness; purchase or redeem stock; make certain investments; create liens that secure debt; enter into transactions with affiliates; sell assets; refinance certain indebtedness; merge with or into other companies or transfer substantially all of their assets; and, in certain circumstances, to pay dividends or make other distributions on stock. The 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior basis, jointly and severally, by certain wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company.
The 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes are secured equally and ratably by second-priority liens on substantially all of the Company's and the subsidiary guarantors' oil and gas properties and substantially all of their other assets to the extent such properties and assets secure the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (as defined below), except for certain excluded assets. Pursuant to the terms of an intercreditor agreement, the security interest in those properties and assets that secure the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes and the guarantees are contractually subordinated to liens that secure the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and certain other permitted indebtedness. Consequently, the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes and the guarantees will be effectively subordinated to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and such other indebtedness to the extent of the value of such assets.
On October 17, 2016, the Company entered into a multidraw term loan agreement (the "Old Loan Agreement") with Franklin Custodian Funds - Franklin Income Fund, as a lender, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent (the "Agent"), replacing the prior credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Effective August 14, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Old Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and the lenders under the Old Loan Agreement agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain specified events of default occurring under the Old Loan Agreement as a result of non-payment by the Company of interest with respect to the 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 under the indentures governing those notes. On August 31, 2018, the Company and PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C. entered into a new Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (the "Multidraw Term Loan Agreement"), which replaced the Old Loan Agreement with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the "Lenders") and the Agent. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement provides a multi-advance term loan facility in the principal amount of up to $50.0 million. The loans drawn under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (collectively, the "Term Loans") may be used to repay existing debt,to pay transaction fees and expenses, to provide working capital for exploration and production operations and for general corporate purposes. On August 31, 2018, the Company borrowed $50.0 million under the Term Loans, and repaid $32.5 million of outstanding borrowings under the Old Loan Agreement, plus accrued interest and fees, and retained the balance of the borrowings for general corporate purposes. As a result, as of September 30, 2018, the Company had no borrowing availability under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement.
The Company’s obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the Term Loans are secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, including a lien on all equipment and at least 90% of the aggregate total value of the oil and gas properties of the Company and its subsidiaries, a lien on certain undeveloped acreage, a pledge of the equity interests of PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C. (the "Borrower") and certain of the Company’s other subsidiaries, and corporate guarantees of the Company and certain of the Company’s other subsidiaries of the indebtedness of the Borrower. Term Loans under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement bear interest at the rate of 10% per annum.
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to a restrictive covenant under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, consisting of maintaining a ratio of (i) the present value, discounted at 10% per annum, of the estimated future net revenues in respect of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ oil and gas properties, before any state, federal, foreign or other income taxes, attributable to total proved reserves, using three-year strip prices in effect at the end of each calendar quarter, including swap agreements in place at the end of each quarter, to (ii) the sum of the outstanding Term Loans and the then outstanding commitments to provide Term Loans, that shall not be less than (a) 1.4 to 1.0 as measured on September 30, 2018, and (b) 1.5 to 1.0 as measured on December 31, 2018 and the last day of each calendar quarter thereafter (the "Coverage Ratio"). If the Coverage Ratio is less than 1.4 to 1.0 as of September 30, 2018 or less than 1.5 to 1.0 as of December 31, 2018 or any quarterly measurement date thereafter, the Company may, at its option, prepay outstanding Term Loans or permanently reduce the then outstanding Term Loan Commitments (i.e. the available borrowings) under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, or a combination thereof, by a proportionate amount. As of September 30, 2018, the Coverage Ratio was greater than 1.4 to 1.0.
Sales of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ oil and gas properties outside the ordinary course of business are limited under the terms of the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement. In addition, the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement prohibits the Company from declaring and paying dividends on its Series B Preferred Stock.
The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement also includes restrictions with respect to debt, liens, dividends, distributions and redemptions, investments, loans and advances, nature of business, international operations and foreign subsidiaries, leases, sale or discount of receivables, mergers or consolidations, sales of properties, transactions with affiliates, negative pledge agreements, gas imbalances and swap agreements. Effective September 14, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Loan Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Multidraw Term

12


Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Loan Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and Lenders agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain anticipated events of default occurring under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement as a result of the non-payment of interest with respect to the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 and such non-payment continuing for a period of 30 days under the indentures governing the notes. The Loan Forbearance Agreement was effective from September 14, 2018 until the earlier of (i) 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on September 28, 2018 or (ii) the occurrence of any specified forbearance default, which includes, among other things, any event of default under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement other than the anticipated events of default or a breach by the Company or certain of its subsidiaries of the Loan Forbearance Agreement. On September 28, 2018, October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018 and October 31, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, the Agent and the Lenders entered into first, second, third and fourth amendments to the Loan Forbearance Agreement that extended the September 28, 2018 deadline to 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on each of October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018, October 31, 2018 and November 6, 2018, respectively. The Loan Forbearance Agreement terminated on the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases described in Note 2.
Effective September 14, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into (i) a Forbearance Agreement (the "2021 Notes Forbearance Agreement") with certain holders (the "2021 Notes Supporting Holders") of approximately $7.3 million in aggregate principal amount (representing approximately 77.9% of the outstanding principal amount) of the 2021 Notes, and (ii) a Forbearance Agreement (the "2021 PIK Notes Forbearance Agreement" and together with the 2021 Notes Forbearance Agreement, the "Notes Forbearance Agreements") with certain holders (the "2021 PIK Notes Supporting Holders" and together with the 2021 Notes Supporting Holders, the "Supporting Holders") of approximately $194.6 million in aggregate principal amount (representing approximately 70.7% of the outstanding principal amount) of the 2021 PIK Notes.
Pursuant to the Notes Forbearance Agreements, the Supporting Holders agreed to forbear from exercising their rights and remedies under their respective indentures governing the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes or the related security documents with respect to certain anticipated events of default occurring under the indentures as a result of the non-payment by the Company of interest with respect to the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 and such non-payment continuing for a period of 30 days, until the earlier of (i) 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on September 28, 2018 and (ii) the date the Notes Forbearance Agreements otherwise terminate in accordance with the terms therein (the “Forbearance Period”). Pursuant to the Notes Forbearance Agreements, the Supporting Holders agreed to not deliver any notice or instruction in respect of the exercise of any of the rights and remedies otherwise available under the Indenture or the related security documents with respect to such anticipated events of default. The Supporting Holders also agreed to not transfer any ownership in the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes held by any of the Supporting Holders during the Forbearance Period other than to potential transferees currently parties to, or who agree in writing to be bound by, the Notes Forbearance Agreements. On September 28, 2018, October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018 and October 31, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, and the Supporting Holders entered into first, second, third and fourth amendments to the Notes Forbearance Agreements that extended the September 28, 2018 deadline to 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on each of October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018, October 31, 2018 and November 6, 2018, respectively. The Notes Forbearance Agreements terminated on the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases described in Note 2.
The 2021 Notes are reflected net of $0.2 million of related unamortized financing costs as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and the Term Loans are reflected net of $0.3 million and $2.0 million of related unamortized financing costs as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The following table reconciles the face value of the 2021 Notes, 2021 PIK Notes and Term Loans to the carrying value included in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
2021 Notes
2021 PIK Notes
Term Loans
 
2021 Notes
2021 PIK Notes
Term Loans
Face Value
$
9,427

$
275,046

$
50,000

 
$
9,427

$
263,202

$
30,000

Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs
(193
)

(284
)
 
(212
)

(2,037
)
Excess (Shortfall) Carrying Value
473

(425
)

 
606

(508
)

Accrued PIK Interest



 

8,883


Carrying Value
$
9,707

$
274,621

$
49,716

 
$
9,821

$
271,577

$
27,963

The commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases, described in Note 2 above, constitutes an event of default that accelerated the obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes provide that as a result of the Petition, the principal and interest due thereunder shall be immediately due and payable. However, any efforts to enforce such payment obligations under such debt instruments will be automatically stayed as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, and the creditors’ rights of enforcement in respect of such debt instruments will be subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Bankruptcy Court.

13




Note 7—Asset Retirement Obligation

The following table describes the changes to the Company’s asset retirement obligation liability (in thousands):
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Asset retirement obligation, beginning of period
$
31,310

 
$
36,610

Liabilities incurred
7

 
574

Liabilities settled
(503
)
 
(2,486
)
Accretion expense
282

 
1,671

Revisions in estimates
(66
)
 
(161
)
Divestiture of oil and gas properties
(28,234
)
 
(248
)
Asset retirement obligation, end of period
2,796

 
35,960

Less: current portion of asset retirement obligation
(459
)
 
(1,630
)
Long-term asset retirement obligation
$
2,337

 
$
34,330


The divestiture of oil and gas properties during 2018 totaling $28.2 million relates to the sale of the Company's Gulf of Mexico assets. The liabilities incurred, revisions in estimated cash flows and divestitures represent non-cash investing activities for purposes of the statement of cash flows.


Note 8—Derivative Instruments
    
The Company seeks to reduce its exposure to commodity price volatility by hedging a portion of its production through commodity derivative instruments. When the conditions for hedge accounting are met, the Company may designate its commodity derivatives as cash flow hedges. The changes in fair value of derivative instruments that qualify for hedge accounting treatment are recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged oil or natural gas quantities are produced. If a derivative does not qualify for hedge accounting treatment, the changes in the fair value of the derivative are recorded in the income statement as derivative income (expense). At September 30, 2018, the Company had no outstanding derivative contracts.

Oil and gas sales include additions related to the settlement of oil hedges of ($401,000) and $618,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Oil and gas sales include additions (reductions) related to the settlement of gas hedges of $805,000 and $0 and oil hedges of ($1,026,000) and $404,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. On June 14, 2018, the Company's hedging counterparty, Koch Supply & Trading, LP, terminated the only outstanding hedge contract resulting in a settlement of $0.5 million. The settlement at the termination date remained in accumulated other comprehensive loss and is being reclassified to earnings as the hedged volumes are produced over the original term of the contract.

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
The following tables reflect the fair value of the Company’s effective cash flow hedges in the consolidated financial statements (in thousands):
Effect of Cash Flow Hedges on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:    
 
Commodity Derivatives
Period
Balance Sheet
Location
Fair Value
September 30, 2018
Derivative liability
$

December 31, 2017
Derivative asset
$
1,174

December 31, 2017
Derivative liability
$
(731
)


14


Effect of Cash Flow Hedges on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
Instrument
Amount of Gain Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
 
Location of
Gain Reclassified
into Income
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified into
Oil and Gas Sales
Commodity Derivatives - September 30, 2018
$

 
Oil and gas sales
 
$
(401
)
Commodity Derivatives - September 30, 2017
$
591

 
Oil and gas sales
 
$
618


Effect of Cash Flow Hedges on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
Instrument
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
 
Location of
Gain Reclassified
into Income
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified into
Oil and Gas Sales
Commodity Derivatives - September 30, 2018
$
(990
)
 
Oil and gas sales
 
$
(222
)
Commodity Derivatives - September 30, 2017
$
5,636

 
Oil and gas sales
 
$
404



Note 9 – Fair Value Measurements
As defined in ASC Topic 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. As presented in the tables below, this hierarchy consists of three broad levels:
Level 1: valuations consist of unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and has the highest priority;
Level 2: valuations rely on quoted prices in markets that are not active or observable inputs over the full term of the asset or liability;
Level 3: valuations are based on prices or third party or internal valuation models that require inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement and are less observable and thus have the lowest priority.
The Company classifies its commodity derivatives based upon the data used to determine fair value. The Company’s derivative instruments at December 31, 2017 were in the form of swaps based on NYMEX pricing for oil and natural gas. The fair value of these derivatives were derived using an independent third-party’s valuation model that utilizes market-corroborated inputs that are observable over the term of the derivative contract. The Company’s fair value calculations also incorporate an estimate of the counterparties’ default risk for derivative assets and an estimate of the Company’s credit risk for derivative liabilities. As a result, the Company designates its commodity derivatives as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company’s derivatives subject to fair value measurement on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
Instrument
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
Commodity Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
$

 
$

 
$

December 31, 2017
$

 
$
443

 
$


15


The fair value of the Company's cash and cash equivalents approximated book value at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The fair value of the Term Loans was determined using Level 2 inputs and approximated face value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The fair value of the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes was determined based upon market quotes provided by an independent broker, which represent a Level 2 input. The following table summarizes the fair value, carrying value and face value of the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Fair Value
Face Value
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Face Value
Carrying Value
2021 Notes
$
4,155

$
9,427

$
9,707

 
$
7,306

$
9,427

$
9,821

2021 PIK Notes
121,240

275,046

274,621

 
198,717

263,202

271,577

 
$
125,395

$
284,473

$
284,328

 
$
206,023

$
272,629

$
281,398


Note 10—Income Taxes
The Company typically provides for income taxes at a statutory rate adjusted for permanent differences expected to be realized, primarily statutory depletion, non-deductible stock compensation expenses and state income taxes. As a result of ceiling test write-downs recognized, the Company has incurred a cumulative three year loss. Because of the impact the cumulative loss has on the determination of the recoverability of deferred tax assets through future earnings, the Company assessed the realizability of its deferred tax assets based on the future reversals of existing deferred tax liabilities. Accordingly, the Company established a valuation allowance for a portion of the deferred tax asset. The valuation allowance was $117.5 million and $115.9 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Act") was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Act, among other things, reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, eliminates the corporate alternative minimum tax and changes how existing alternative minimum tax credits are realized, creates a new limitation on deductible interest expense and changes the rules related to uses and limitations of net operating loss carryforwards generated in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. The Company made a reasonable estimate of the effects on its existing deferred tax balances and recognized a provisional amount of $64.9 million as of December 31, 2017 to remeasure deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the rate at which they are expected to reverse in the future, which is generally 21%. This amount was included as a component of income tax expense (benefit) from continuing operations and was fully offset by the related adjustment to the Company's valuation allowance. The Company finalized its accounting for the Act in connection with the filing of its 2017 federal tax return and determined no adjustment was necessary to the previously recognized provisional amount.


16


Note 11 - Other Comprehensive Income

The following table represents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the three month period ended September 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Change in Valuation Allowance
 
Total
Balance as of June 30, 2018
$
(610
)
 
$
(192
)
 
$
(802
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 Oil and gas sales
401

 

 
401

 Income tax effect
(96
)
 
96

 

 Net of tax
305

 
96

 
401

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net other comprehensive income
305

 
96

 
401

Balance as of September 30, 2018
$
(305
)
 
$
(96
)
 
$
(401
)

The following table represents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the nine
month period ended September 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Change in Valuation Allowance
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
278

 
$

 
$
278

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 Change in fair value of cash flow derivatives
(990
)
 

 
(990
)
 Income tax effect
238

 
(238
)
 

 Net of tax
(752
)
 
(238
)
 
(990
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 Oil and gas sales
222

 

 
222

 Income tax effect
(53
)
 
142

 
89

 Net of tax
169

 
142

 
311

Net other comprehensive loss
(583
)
 
(96
)
 
(679
)
Balance as of September 30, 2018
$
(305
)
 
$
(96
)
 
$
(401
)


17


The following table represents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the three month period ended September 30, 2017 (in thousands):
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Change in Valuation Allowance
 
Total
Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
320

 
$

 
$
320

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 Change in fair value of derivatives
591

 

 
591

 Income tax effect
(220
)
 

 
(220
)
 Net of tax
371

 

 
371

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 Oil and gas sales
(618
)
 

 
(618
)
 Income tax effect
230

 

 
230

 Net of tax
(388
)
 

 
(388
)
Net other comprehensive loss
(17
)
 

 
(17
)
Balance as of September 30, 2017
$
303

 
$

 
$
303


The following table represents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the nine month period ended September 30, 2017 (in thousands):
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Change in Valuation Allowance
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
(2,983
)
 
$
(1,767
)
 
$
(4,750
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 Change in fair value of derivatives
5,636

 

 
5,636

 Income tax effect
(2,096
)
 
1,767

 
(329
)
 Net of tax
3,540

 
1,767

 
5,307

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 Oil and gas sales
(404
)
 

 
(404
)
 Income tax effect
150

 

 
150

 Net of tax
(254
)
 

 
(254
)
Net other comprehensive loss
3,286

 
1,767

 
5,053

Balance as of September 30, 2017
$
303

 
$

 
$
303




18


Note 12 - Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard and disclosure requirements. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is that an entity will recognize revenue when it transfers control of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which it expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 deferring the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year to interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 31, 2017. Entities can choose to apply the standard using either a full retrospective approach or a modified retrospective approach, with the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2014-09 recognized at the date of initial application. The Company adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach, which resulted in no cumulative effect adjustment upon adoption.
The Company’s sources of revenue are oil, natural gas and NGL production from its oil and gas properties. Oil and natural gas production is typically sold to purchasers through monthly contracts at negotiated sales prices based on published market indices. The sale takes place at the wellhead for oil production and at the wellhead or gas processing plant for natural gas. NGL production is sold once natural gas is processed and the related liquids are removed at the processing plant. The contracts for sale of NGL production are with the processing plant with prices based on what the processing plant is able to receive from third party purchasers.
Sales of oil, natural gas and NGL production are recognized when the product is delivered and title transfers to the purchaser and payment is generally received one to two months after the sale has occurred. The Company had $6.8 million of revenue receivable at September 30, 2018, comprised of $1.8 million of oil revenue, $3.5 million of natural gas revenue and $1.5 million of NGL revenue.
The following table includes a disaggregation of revenue by product including the effects of hedges in place (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Oil production
$
5,211

 
$
7,107

 
$
17,138

 
$
21,278

Natural gas production
11,344

 
16,428

 
38,054

 
40,841

Natural gas liquids production
4,331

 
4,649

 
12,118

 
11,088

Total
$
20,886

 
$
28,184

 
$
67,310

 
$
73,207

    
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases" (Topic 842), to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The standard is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier application permitted. Upon adoption the lessee will apply the new standard retrospectively to all periods presented or retrospectively using a cumulative effect adjustment in the year of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivative and Hedging," to improve the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity's risk management activities in its consolidated financial statements and make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current US GAAP. ASU 2017-12 is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier application permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this new standard may have on its consolidated financial statements.
    

19


Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
PetroQuest Energy, Inc. is an independent oil and gas company incorporated in the State of Delaware with primary operations in Texas and Louisiana. We seek to grow our production, proved reserves, cash flow and earnings at low finding and development costs through a balanced mix of exploration, development and acquisition activities. From the commencement of our operations through 2002, we were focused exclusively in the Gulf Coast Basin with onshore properties principally in southern Louisiana and offshore properties in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico shelf. During 2003, we began the implementation of our strategic goal of diversifying our reserves and production into longer life and lower risk onshore properties with our acquisition of the Carthage Field in East Texas. From 2005 through 2015, we further implemented this strategy by focusing our efforts in the Woodford Shale play in Oklahoma. In response to lower commodity prices and to strengthen our balance sheet, we sold all of our Oklahoma assets in three transactions that closed in June 2015, April 2016 and October 2016. In December 2017, we acquired approximately 24,600 gross acres in central Louisiana targeting the Austin Chalk to provide greater exposure to oil production and reserves. During January 2018, we sold all of our Gulf of Mexico assets to further reduce our liabilities and strengthen our liquidity position.
Our liquidity position has been negatively impacted by lower commodity prices beginning in 2014. In response to the lower commodity prices, we executed the following actions beginning in 2015 aimed at increasing liquidity, reducing overall debt levels and extending debt maturities:
Completed the sale of our Oklahoma assets for $292.6 million;
Completed two debt exchanges in 2016 to extend maturities on a significant portion of debt and to reduce cash interest expense until August 2018;
Reduced total debt 21% from $425 million at December 31, 2014 to $334 million at September 30, 2018;
Entered into a new $50 million term loan agreement maturing in 2020;
Sold our Gulf of Mexico assets resulting in the extinguishment of $28.2 million of discounted asset retirement obligations from our balance sheet and the expected refund of $12.4 million of cash collateral ($8.3 million of which was received during October 2018) used to secure our offshore bonding; and
Reduced capital spending in 2018.
Despite the foregoing actions, our overall liquidity position and our cash available for capital expenditures continue to be negatively impacted by continued weak natural gas prices, declining production and increasing cash interest expense on outstanding indebtedness. Due to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico properties in January 2018 and normal production declines, our production declined by 41% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 and our cash flow from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.9 million. The sale of our Gulf of Mexico properties when combined with reduced capital spending in 2018 is expected to result in declining production, proved reserves and cash flow from operations during 2018 when compared to 2017. At September 30, 2018, we had approximately $25.5 million of cash and approximately $334.5 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding indebtedness, and we had deferred ten dividend payments with respect to our Series B Preferred Stock and accrued a $14.1 million payable related to the ten deferred payments and the quarterly dividend that was payable on October 15, 2018. In addition, beginning with the August 15, 2018 interest payment on our 2021 PIK Notes (as defined below), we are required to pay interest on our 2021 PIK Notes at 10% in cash (instead of 1% in cash and 9% in payment in kind). We elected not to pay the cash interest payments that were due on August 15, 2018 under our 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes (as defined below) which totaled approximately $14.2 million.
As a result of the forgoing, we engaged in discussions and negotiations with the lenders under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, certain holders of the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes, and their legal and financial advisors regarding various alternatives with respect to our capital structure and financial position, including our significant amount of indebtedness and the August 15, 2018 interest payments overdue on our 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes.
Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code
As a result of the forgoing discussions and negotiations, on November 6, 2018 (the “Petition Date”), we and our direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (collectively, the “Petition,” and the cases commenced thereby, the “Chapter 11 Cases”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”). The Chapter 11 Cases are being administered jointly under the caption In re: PetroQuest Energy, Inc., et. al. (Case No. 18-36322).

20


The Debtors will continue to operate as debtors-in-possession under the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court and in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code. We expect ordinary-course operations to continue substantially uninterrupted during and after the Chapter 11 Cases.
Restructuring Support Agreement
In connection with the Chapter 11 filing, on the Petition Date, the Debtors entered into a restructuring support agreement (the “Restructuring Support Agreement”) with (i) holders (the “2021 Noteholders”) of 81.83% of our 10% Second Lien Secured Senior Notes due 2021 (the “2021 Notes”), (ii) holders (the “2021 PIK Noteholders” and, together with the 2021 Noteholders, the “Supporting Noteholders”) of 84.76% of our 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the “2021 PIK Notes”), and (iii) each of the lenders, or investment advisors or managers for the account of each of the lenders (collectively, and any successors or permitted assigns that become party thereto, the “Supporting Lenders” and collectively with the Supporting Noteholders, the “Supporting Parties”) under our Multidraw Term Loan Agreement.
The Restructuring Support Agreement contemplates the restructuring (the “Restructuring”) of the Debtors pursuant to the plan of reorganization attached thereto (the “Plan”), the terms of which have been agreed upon by the Debtors and Supporting Parties.
The Restructuring Support Agreement provides for certain milestones requiring, among other things, that the Debtors commence the solicitation of votes to accept or reject the Plan on or before November 20, 2018, the confirmation order be entered by the Bankruptcy Court on or before December 21, 2018 and the Plan becomes effective on or before December 31, 2018.
The Restructuring Support Agreement contains certain covenants on the part of each of the Debtors and the Supporting Parties, including, subject to the terms of the Restructuring Support Agreement, limitations on the parties’ ability to pursue transactions other than the Restructuring, commitments by the Supporting Parties to vote in favor of the Plan, and commitments of the Debtors and the Supporting Parties to negotiate in good faith to finalize the documents and agreements governing the Restructuring. The Restructuring Support Agreement also provides for certain conditions to the obligations of the parties and for termination upon the occurrence of certain events, including without limitation, the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the Restructuring Support Agreement.
The Debtors have also filed a motion, and the Bankruptcy Court has entered an interim order, placing restrictions on the trading of the Company’s equity securities for the purpose of preserving certain tax attributes.
Proposed Chapter 11 Restructuring
The Plan provides, among other things, that:
Existing common stock and preferred stock of the Company would be extinguished, and existing equity holders would not receive or retain any distribution, property or other value on account of or consideration in respect of their equity interests.
Holders of claims (the “First Lien Claims”) arising on account of the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $50,000,000, plus any accrued and unpaid interest and expenses. Each holder of First Lien Claims will receive cash equal to the amount of its claim from funds available pursuant to the Exit Facility in an aggregate amount of $50 million on the terms and conditions described in the Restructuring Support Agreement (the “Exit Facility”).
Holders of claims relating to the 2021 Notes (the “Second Lien Notes Claims”) will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $9,427,000, plus any accrued and unpaid interest thereon payable through the Petition Date. Each holder of Second Lien Notes will receive (i) its pro rata share of 100% of the common stock in the reorganized Company (the “New Equity”) on account of such Second Lien Notes Claims, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the long-term management incentive plan for the reorganized Debtors (the “Management Incentive Plan”) and (y) the New Equity payable to the parties backstopping the Exit Facility (the “Put Option Premium”), and (ii) its pro rata share of $80 million in 10% Secured PIK Notes due 2023 (the “New 2023 PIK Notes”) issued by the reorganized Company pursuant to the indenture dated as of the date the Plan is declared effective (the “Effective Date”); such pro rata share of the New Equity and the New 2023 PIK Notes calculated by including the $275,045,768 (plus any accrued and unpaid interest) of Second Lien PIK Notes Claims as claims that will share pro rata in 100% of the New Equity, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium.
Holders of claims relating to the 2021 PIK Notes (the “Second Lien PIK Notes Claims”) will be allowed in the aggregate amount of $275,045,768, plus any accrued and unpaid interest thereon payable through the Petition Date. Each holder of Second Lien PIK Notes will receive (i) its pro rata share of 100% of the New Equity on account of such Second Lien PIK Notes Claims, subject to (x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium, and (ii) its pro rata share of $80 million in New 2023 PIK Notes; such pro rata share of the New Equity and the New 2023 PIK Notes calculated by including the $9,427,000 (plus any accrued and unpaid interest) of Second Lien Notes Claims as claims that will share pro rata in 100% of the New Equity, subject to

21


(x) dilution from the issuance of New Equity in connection with the Management Incentive Plan and (y) the Put Option Premium.
Holders of allowed priority claims (other than a priority tax claim or administrative claim) will receive either: (i) payment in full, in cash, equal to the full allowed amount of such claim or (ii) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such holder, the Debtors, and the Requisite Creditors (as defined the Restructuring Support Agreement).
Holders of secured claims (other than a secured tax claim, First Lien Claim, or Second Lien Notes Claim) will receive, at the Debtors’ election, either: (i) cash equal to the full allowed amount of such claim, (ii) reinstatement of such holder’s claim, (iii) the return or abandonment of the collateral securing such claim to such holder, or (iv) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such holder, the Debtors and the Requisite Creditors.
Holders of secured tax claims will receive, at the Debtor’s election, either (i) cash equal to the full amount of its claim, (ii) reinstatement of such holder’s priority tax claim, (iii) the return or abandonment of the collateral securing such claim to such holder, or (iv) such other treatment as may otherwise be agreed to by such Holder, the Debtors and the Requisite Creditors.
Holders of general unsecured claims will receive their pro rata share of $400,000 (less the reasonable out of pocket expenses of the claims administrator), except to the extent that the holder of an allowed general unsecured claim agrees to a less favorable treatment, in full and final satisfaction, compromise, settlement, release or discharge of each allowed general unsecured claim.
Any claim against a Debtor subject to mandatory subordination pursuant to section 510(b) of the Bankruptcy Code (“Section 510(b) Claim”), if any, shall be discharged, canceled, released, and extinguished and shall be of no further force or effect, and holders of Section 510(b) Claims shall not receive any distribution on account of such Section 510(b) Claims.
Intercompany claims shall be reinstated or, at the Debtors’ option, canceled. No distribution shall be made on account of any intercompany claims other than in the ordinary course of business of the Debtors, as applicable.
Intercompany interests shall be reinstated or, at the Debtors’ option, canceled. No distribution shall be made on account of any Intercompany Interests.
Critical Accounting Policies
Reserve Estimates
Our estimates of proved oil and gas reserves constitute those quantities of oil and gas, which, by analysis of geoscience and engineering data, can be estimated with reasonable certainty to be economically producible from a given date forward, from known reservoirs, and under existing economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulations prior to the time at which contracts providing the right to operate expire, unless evidence indicates that renewal is reasonably certain, regardless of whether deterministic or probabilistic methods are used for the estimation. At the end of each year, our proved reserves are estimated by independent petroleum engineers in accordance with guidelines established by the SEC. These estimates, however, represent projections based on geologic and engineering data. Reserve engineering is a subjective process of estimating underground accumulations of oil and gas that are difficult to measure. The accuracy of any reserve estimate is a function of the quantity and quality of available data, engineering and geological interpretation and professional judgment. Estimates of economically recoverable oil and gas reserves and future net cash flows necessarily depend upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, such as historical production from the area compared with production from other producing areas, the assumed effect of regulations by governmental agencies, and assumptions governing future oil and gas prices, future operating costs, severance taxes, development costs and workover costs. The future drilling costs associated with reserves assigned to proved undeveloped locations may ultimately increase to the extent that these reserves may be later determined to be uneconomic. Any significant variance in the assumptions could materially affect the estimated quantity and value of the reserves, which could affect the carrying value of our oil and gas properties and/or the rate of depletion of such oil and gas properties.
Disclosure requirements under Staff Accounting Bulletin 113 (“SAB 113”) include provisions that permit the use of new technologies to determine proved reserves if those technologies have been demonstrated empirically to lead to reliable conclusions about reserve volumes. The rules also allow companies the option to disclose probable and possible reserves in addition to the existing requirement to disclose proved reserves. The disclosure requirements also require companies to report the independence and qualifications of third party preparers of reserves and file reports when a third party is relied upon to prepare reserves estimates. Pricing is based on a 12-month, first day of month, average price during the 12-month period prior to the ending date of the balance sheet to report oil and natural gas reserves. In addition, the 12-month average will also be used to measure ceiling test impairments and to compute depreciation, depletion and amortization.

22


Full Cost Method of Accounting
We use the full cost method of accounting for our investments in oil and gas properties. Under this method, all acquisition, exploration and development costs, including certain related employee costs, incurred for the purpose of exploring for and developing oil and natural gas are capitalized. Acquisition costs include costs incurred to purchase, lease or otherwise acquire property. Exploration costs include the costs of drilling exploratory wells, including those in progress and geological and geophysical service costs in exploration activities. Development costs include the costs of drilling development wells and costs of completions, platforms, facilities and pipelines. Costs associated with production and general corporate activities are expensed in the period incurred. Sales of oil and gas properties, whether or not being amortized currently, are accounted for as adjustments of capitalized costs, with no gain or loss recognized, unless such adjustments would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves of oil and gas.
The costs associated with unevaluated properties are not initially included in the amortization base and primarily relate to ongoing exploration activities, unevaluated leasehold acreage and delay rentals, seismic data and capitalized interest. These costs are either transferred to the amortization base with the costs of drilling the related well or are assessed quarterly for possible impairment or reduction in value.
We compute the provision for depletion of oil and gas properties using the unit-of-production method based upon production and estimates of proved reserve quantities. Unevaluated costs and related carrying costs are excluded from the amortization base until the properties associated with these costs are evaluated. In addition to costs associated with evaluated properties, the amortization base includes estimated future development costs related to non-producing reserves. Our depletion expense is affected by the estimates of future development costs, unevaluated costs and proved reserves, and changes in these estimates could have an impact on our future earnings.
We capitalize certain internal costs that are directly identified with acquisition, exploration and development activities. The capitalized internal costs include salaries, employee benefits, costs of consulting services and other related expenses and do not include costs related to production, general corporate overhead or similar activities. We also capitalize a portion of the interest costs incurred on our debt. Capitalized interest is calculated using the amount of our unevaluated property and our effective borrowing rate.
Capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, net of accumulated DD&A and related deferred taxes, are limited to the estimated future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves, including the effect of cash flow hedges in place, discounted at 10 percent, plus the lower of cost or fair value of unproved properties, as adjusted for related income tax effects (the full cost ceiling). If capitalized costs exceed the full cost ceiling, the excess is charged to write-down of oil and gas properties in the quarter in which the excess occurs.
Given the volatility of oil and gas prices, it is probable that our estimate of discounted future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves will change in the near term. If oil or gas prices decline, even for only a short period of time, or if we have downward revisions to our estimated proved reserves, it is possible that write-downs of oil and gas properties could occur in the future.
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard and disclosure requirements. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is that an entity will recognize revenue when it transfers control of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which it expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 deferring the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year to interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 31, 2017. Entities can choose to apply the standard using either a full retrospective approach or a modified retrospective approach, with the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2014-09 recognized at the date of initial application. The Company adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach, which resulted in no cumulative effect adjustment upon adoption. See Note 12 for additional disclosures.

23


Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain information with respect to our oil and gas operations for the periods noted. These historical results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in future periods.         
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Production:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil (Bbls)
75,497

 
142,830

 
260,551

 
423,231

Gas (Mcf)
3,838,232

 
5,336,119

 
12,628,882

 
13,218,475

Ngl (Mcfe)
802,733

 
1,283,900

 
2,600,987

 
3,268,206

Total Production (Mcfe)
5,093,947

 
7,476,999

 
16,793,175

 
19,026,067

Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total oil sales
$
5,210,740

 
$
7,106,913

 
$
17,138,048

 
$
21,277,840

Total gas sales
11,344,263

 
16,427,965

 
38,053,519

 
40,841,252

Total ngl sales
4,330,514

 
4,649,157

 
12,118,068

 
11,087,868

Total oil, gas, and ngl sales
$
20,885,517

 
$
28,184,035

 
$
67,309,635

 
$
73,206,960

Average sales prices:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil (per Bbl)
$
69.02

 
$
49.76

 
$
65.78

 
$
50.27

Gas (per Mcf)
2.96

 
3.08

 
3.01

 
3.09

Ngl (per Mcfe)
5.39

 
3.62

 
4.66

 
3.39

Per Mcfe
4.10

 
3.77

 
4.01

 
3.85

The above sales and average sales prices include increases (decreases) to revenue related to the settlement of oil hedges of ($401,000) and $618,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The above sales and average sales prices include increases (decreases) to revenue related to the settlement of gas hedges of $805,000 and $0 and oil hedges of ($1,026,000) and $404,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Please see Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk in this Form 10-Q for further details on our hedging program and our current hedging arrangements.
In January 2018, we completed the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, these assets contributed the following to our oil and gas operations:

Three months ended September 30, 2017
 
Percent of Total Company
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2017
 
Percent of Total Company
Production:

 

 
 
 
 
Oil (Bbls)
65,384

 
46
%
 
220,629

 
52
%
Gas (Mcf)
1,242,503

 
23
%
 
2,853,696

 
22
%
Ngl (Mcfe)
182,442

 
14
%
 
359,536

 
11
%
Total Production (Mcfe)
1,817,249

 
24
%
 
4,537,006

 
24
%
Sales:

 

 
 
 
 
Total oil sales
$
3,203,725

 
45
%
 
$
11,063,523

 
52
%
Total gas sales
3,661,289

 
22
%
 
8,697,533

 
21
%
Total ngl sales
667,854

 
14
%
 
1,250,432

 
11
%
Total oil and gas sales
$
7,532,868

 
27
%
 
$
21,011,488

 
29
%

Net loss available to common stockholders totaled $4,979,000 and $3,085,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, while net loss available to common stockholders totaled $9,802,000 and $11,387,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The primary fluctuations were as follows:
Production Total production decreased 32% and 12% during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively, as compared to the 2017 periods, but has decreased by 41% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The decreases in production as compared to 2017 were due primarily to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets in January 2018 and normal production declines at our legacy Gulf Coast and East Texas fields. Partially offsetting these decreases were increases as a result of the success of our East Texas drilling program. As a result of reduced capital spending and the sale

24


of our Gulf of Mexico assets which contributed 24% of our total production in 2017, we expect our total production during the remainder of 2018 to decline as compared to 2017.
Gas production during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 decreased 28% and 4%, respectively, from the comparable periods in 2017, but has decreased by 40% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The decrease in gas production as compared to the 2017 periods was due to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets and normal production declines at our legacy Gulf Coast and East Texas fields. Partially offsetting these decreases were increases as a result of our successful East Texas drilling program and the successful recompletion of our Thunder Bayou well. As a result of reduced capital spending and the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets which contributed 22% of our gas production in 2017, we expect our 2018 average daily gas production to decline as compared to the average daily gas production realized during 2017.
Oil production during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 decreased 47% and 38%, respectively, from the comparable 2017 periods, and has decreased by 55% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The decrease in oil production as compared to the 2017 periods was due primarily to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets and the sale of our E. Lake Verret field during the second quarter of 2017. Partially offsetting this decrease was an increase as a result of the successful recompletion of our Thunder Bayou well and our successful East Texas drilling program. As a result of reduced capital spending and the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets which contributed 52% of our oil production in 2017, we expect our 2018 average daily oil production to decline as compared to the average daily oil production realized during 2017.
Ngl production during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 decreased 37% and 20%, respectively, from the comparable 2017 periods primarily as a result of the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets and normal production declines at our legacy Gulf Coast and East Texas fields. These decreases were partially offset by the successful recompletion of our Thunder Bayou well during the first quarter of 2017 and our successful drilling program in East Texas. We expect our 2018 average daily Ngl production to decline as compared to the average daily Ngl production realized during 2017.
Prices Including the effects of hedges, average gas prices per Mcf for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 were $2.96 and $3.01, respectively, as compared to $3.08 and $3.09, respectively, for the 2017 periods. Average oil prices per Bbl for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 were $69.02 and $65.78, respectively, as compared to $49.76 and $50.27, respectively, for the 2017 periods and average Ngl prices per Mcfe for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 were $5.39 and $4.66, respectively, as compared to $3.62 and $3.39, respectively, for the 2017 periods. Stated on an Mcfe basis, unit prices received during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were 4% higher than prices received during the comparable 2017 period.
Revenue Including the effects of hedges, oil and gas sales during the three months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 26% to $20,886,000 as compared to $28,184,000 during the 2017 period. Including the effects of hedges, oil and gas sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 8% to $67,310,000, as compared to $73,207,000 during the 2017 period. The decrease during the third quarter of 2018 was primarily the result of the production decreases due to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets.
Expenses Lease operating expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $4,368,000 and $16,380,000, respectively, as compared to $8,863,000 and $23,052,000, respectively, during the 2017 periods. Per unit lease operating expenses totaled $0.86 and $0.98 per Mcfe for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, as compared to $1.19 and $1.21 per Mcfe, respectively during the 2017 periods. The decreases in per unit lease operating expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are primarily a result of the divestiture of our Gulf of Mexico wells which had a higher per unit rate as compared to our remaining East Texas and South Louisiana wells. We expect lease operating expenses during the remainder of 2018 to decrease on an absolute value basis and a per unit basis as compared to 2017 as a result of the Gulf of Mexico sale.
Production taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $890,000 and $2,451,000, respectively, as compared to $1,112,000 and $1,990,000 during the 2017 periods. Per unit production taxes totaled $0.17 and $0.15 per Mcfe, respectively, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to $0.15 and $0.10 per Mcfe, respectively, during the 2017 periods. The increase in production taxes during the nine month 2018 period was primarily due to the expiration of the two-year tax exemption on our Thunder Bayou well in June 2017 while the decrease during the third quarter of 2018 was a result of refunds received for previously paid severance tax for wells in East Texas which qualified for a high cost tax deduction.
General and administrative expenses during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $4,780,000 and $12,084,000, respectively, as compared to $3,341,000 and $10,808,000 during the respective 2017 periods. The increase in general and administrative expenses during the 2018 periods is a result of approximately $2,305,000 of costs related to the ongoing assessment of our capital structure. Share-based compensation costs totaled $237,000 and $730,000, respectively, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $312,000 and $1,134,000 during the respective 2017 periods. We capitalized $1,285,000 and $4,351,000, respectively, of general and administrative expenses during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 compared to $1,310,000 and $4,654,000 during the respective 2017 periods.
Depreciation, depletion and amortization (“DD&A”) expense on oil and gas properties for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $5,431,000, or $1.07 per Mcfe, and $17,810,000, or $1.06 per Mcfe, respectively, as compared to

25


$8,700,000, or $1.16 per Mcfe, and $21,461,000, or $1.13 per Mcfe, during the respective 2017 periods. The decrease in the per unit DD&A rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is primarily the result of the divestiture of our Gulf of Mexico assets in January 2018 and the sale of our East Texas saltwater assets during the fourth quarter of 2017. We expect our DD&A rate to approximate the third quarter rate during the remainder of 2018.
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized on unevaluated properties, totaled $9,371,000 and $24,488,000 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to $7,371,000 and $21,776,000 during the respective 2017 periods. The increase in interest expense during the three and nine months periods ended September 30, 2018 as compared to 2017 was due to the write off in September 2018 of the remaining deferred financing costs related to our Old Loan Agreement in the amount of $1,635,000. During the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, our capitalized interest totaled $461,000 and $1,318,000, respectively, as compared to $338,000 and $1,046,000 during the respective 2017 periods. The terms of our 2021 PIK Notes allowed us the option to pay interest on the 2021 PIK Notes at 1% in cash and 9% in payment in kind through the payment due on February 15, 2018. Starting with the interest payment due on August 15, 2018, we are required to pay interest at 10% in cash. See "Overview - Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code" for more information.
Income tax expense (benefit) during the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 was $144,000 as compared to $(274,000) during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. We typically provide for income taxes at a statutory federal income tax rate adjusted for permanent differences expected to be realized, primarily statutory depletion, non-deductible stock compensation expenses and state income taxes.
As a result of ceiling test write-downs recognized in 2016 and prior years, we have incurred a three-year cumulative loss. Because of the impact the cumulative loss has on the determination of the recoverability of deferred tax assets through future earnings, we assessed the realizability of our deferred tax assets based on the future reversals of existing deferred tax liabilities. Accordingly, we established a valuation allowance for a portion of our deferred tax asset. The valuation allowance was $117,472,000 as of September 30, 2018.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Act") was enacted on December 22, 2017. We made a reasonable estimate of the effects on existing deferred tax balances and recognized a provisional amount of approximately $64.9 million as of December 31, 2017 to remeasure deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the rate at which they are expected to reverse in the future, which is generally 21%. We finalized our accounting for the Act in connection with the filing of our 2017 federal tax return and determined no adjustment was necessary to the previously recognized provisional amount.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
At September 30, 2018, we had working capital of approximately $14.0 million as compared to a working capital deficit of approximately $5.9 million as of December 31, 2017. We have historically financed our acquisition, exploration and development activities principally through cash flow from operations, borrowings from banks and other lenders, issuances of equity and debt securities, joint ventures and sales of assets. However, our liquidity position has been negatively impacted by lower commodity prices beginning in 2014. In response to lower commodity prices we executed a number of transactions described in "Overview" above aimed at increasing liquidity, reducing overall debt levels and extending debt maturities.
Despite such actions, our overall liquidity position and our cash available for capital expenditures continue to be negatively impacted by continued weak natural gas prices, declining production and increasing cash interest expense on our outstanding indebtedness. Due to the sale of our Gulf of Mexico properties in January 2018 and normal production declines, our production declined by 41% in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2017, and our cash flow from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.9 million. The sale of our Gulf of Mexico properties when combined with reduced capital spending in 2018 is expected to result in declining production, proved reserves and cash flow from operations during 2018 when compared to 2017. At September 30, 2018, we had approximately $25.5 million of cash and approximately $334.5 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding indebtedness, and we had deferred ten dividend payments with respect to our Series B Preferred Stock and accrued a $14.1 million payable related to the ten deferred payments and the quarterly dividend that was payable on October 15, 2018. In addition, beginning with the August 15, 2018 interest payment on our 2021 PIK Notes (as defined below), we are required to pay interest on our 2021 PIK Notes at 10% in cash (instead of 1% in cash and 9% in payment in kind). We elected not to pay the cash interest payments that were due on August 15, 2018 under our 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes (as defined below) which totaled approximately $14.2 million.
As a result of the forgoing, we engaged in discussions and negotiations with the lenders under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, certain holders of the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes, and their legal and financial advisors, regarding various alternatives with respect to our capital structure and financial position, including our significant amount of indebtedness and the August 15, 2018 interest payments overdue on our 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes. As a result of the forgoing discussions and negotiations, on November 6, 2018, we and our direct and indirect subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions seeking relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas. See “Overview - Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code” above for more information. Since the Chapter 11 filings on November 6, 2018, our principal sources of liquidity have been limited to cash flow from operations and cash on hand. In

26


addition to the cash requirements necessary to fund ongoing operations, we have incurred and continue to incur significant professional fees and other costs in connection with the preparation and administration of the Chapter 11 Cases. See "Item 1A Risk Factors".
Source of Capital: Operations
Net cash flow provided by operations decreased from $35.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $1.9 million during the 2018 period. The decrease in operating cash flow during 2018 as compared to 2017 is primarily attributable to reductions in our accounts payable to vendors and additional payments made to post collateral into a depositary account to support the bonds that cover our offshore decommissioning liabilities, a portion of which were refunded during October 2018.
Source of Capital: Divestitures
We do not budget for property divestitures; however, we are continuously evaluating our property base to determine if there are assets in our portfolio that no longer meet our strategic objectives. From time to time we may divest certain assets in order to provide liquidity to strengthen our balance sheet or capital to be reinvested in higher rate of return projects. We cannot assure you that we will be able to sell any of our assets in the future.
On January 31, 2018, we sold our Gulf of Mexico properties. Although we received no cash proceeds from the sale of these properties and are required to contribute approximately $3.8 million toward future abandonment costs, we will no longer have an obligation for $35.1 million of estimated undiscounted future abandonment costs related to the properties sold. Additionally, we expect to receive a refund of $12.4 million ($8.3 million of which was received during October 2018) related to a depositary account that served to collateralize a portion of our offshore bonds related to these properties. After finalizing purchase price adjustments, during October 2018 we settled the remaining liabilities related to this sale for $4.2 million.
Source of Capital: Debt
On August 19, 2010, we issued $150 million in principal amount of our 10% Senior Notes due 2017. On July 3, 2013, we issued an additional $200 million in principal amount of our 10% Senior Notes due 2017 (collectively, the "2017 Notes").
On February 17, 2016, we closed a private exchange offer (the "February Exchange") and consent solicitation (the "February Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of our outstanding 2017 Notes. In satisfaction of the tender of $214.4 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 61% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, we (i) paid approximately $53.6 million of cash, (ii) issued $144.7 million aggregate principal amount of our new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the "2021 Notes") and (iii) issued approximately 1.1 million shares of our common stock. Following the completion of the February Exchange, $135.6 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes remained outstanding. The February Consent Solicitation eliminated or waived substantially all of the restrictive covenants contained in the indenture governing the 2017 Notes.
On September 27, 2016, we closed private exchange offers (the "September Exchange") and a consent solicitation (the "September Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of our outstanding 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes. In satisfaction of the consideration of $113.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 83% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, and $130.5 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes, representing approximately 90% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2021 Notes, we issued (i) $243.5 million in aggregate principal amount of our new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the "2021 PIK Notes") and (ii) approximately 3.5 million shares of our common stock. We also paid, in cash, accrued and unpaid interest on the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes accepted in the September Exchange from the last applicable interest payment date to, but not including, September 27, 2016. Following the consummation of the September Exchange, there was $22.7 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes outstanding and $14.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes outstanding. The September Consent Solicitation amended certain provisions of the indenture governing the 2021 Notes and amended the registration rights agreement with respect to the 2021 Notes.
On March 31, 2017, we redeemed our remaining outstanding 2017 Notes at a redemption price of $22.8 million. The redemption was funded by cash on hand and $20 million borrowed under the Old Loan Agreement described below. On December 28, 2017, we issued approximately 2.2 million shares of common stock to extinguish $4.8 million of outstanding principal amount of 2021 Notes.
The 2021 PIK Notes bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. We were permitted, at our option, for the first three interest payment dates of the 2021 PIK Notes ending with the February 2018 interest payment, to instead pay interest at (i) the annual rate of 1% per annum in cash plus (ii) the annual rate of 9% PIK (the "PIK Interest") payable by increasing the principal amount outstanding of the 2021 PIK Notes or by issuing additional 2021 PIK Notes in certificated form. We exercised this PIK option in connection with the interest payments due on February 15, 2017, August 15, 2017 and February 15, 2018.
The 2021 Notes bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year.

27


The February Exchange and September Exchange were accounted for as troubled debt restructurings pursuant to guidance provided by ASC 470-60 "Troubled Debt Restructurings by Debtors." We determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes and the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange. Accordingly, no gain or loss on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the September Exchange. The net shortfall of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes tendered as compared to the principal amount of the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange of $0.6 million is reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. Such shortfall is being amortized under the effective interest method as an addition to interest expense over the term of the 2021 PIK Notes. At September 30, 2018, $0.4 million of the shortfall remained as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes and we recognized $84,000 of amortization expense as an increase to interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
We previously determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes tendered in the February Exchange. Accordingly, no gain on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the February Exchange. The excess of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes tendered over the principal amount of the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange of $13.9 million was reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 Notes. The amount of the excess carrying value attributable to the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange is now reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. The excess carrying value attributable to the remaining 2021 Notes is being amortized under the effective interest method over the term of the 2021 Notes. At September 30, 2018, $0.5 million of the excess remained as part of the carrying value of the 2021 Notes and the Company recognized $132,000 of amortization expense as a reduction to interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
The indentures governing the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes contains affirmative and negative covenants that, among other things, limit our ability and the subsidiary guarantors of the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes to incur indebtedness; purchase or redeem stock; make certain investments; create liens that secure debt; enter into transactions with affiliates; sell assets; refinance certain indebtedness; merge with or into other companies or transfer substantially all of our assets; and, in certain circumstances, to pay dividends or make other distributions on stock. The 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior basis by certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries.
The 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes are equally and ratably secured by second-priority liens on substantially all of our and the subsidiary guarantors' oil and gas properties and substantially all of our other assets to the extent such properties and assets secure the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (as defined below), except for certain excluded assets. Pursuant to the terms of an intercreditor agreement, the security interest in those properties and assets that secure the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes and the guarantees are contractually subordinated to liens that secure the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and certain other permitted indebtedness. Consequently, the 2021 PIK Notes and the 2021 Notes and the guarantees will be effectively subordinated to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and such other indebtedness to the extent of the value of such assets.
On October 17, 2016, we entered into a multidraw term loan agreement (the "Old Loan Agreement") with Franklin Custodian Funds - Franklin Income Fund, as a lender, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent (the "Agent"), replacing the prior credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Effective August 14, 2018, we entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Old Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and the lenders under the Old Loan Agreement agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain specified events of default occurring under the Old Loan Agreement as a result of our non-payment of interest with respect to the 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 under the indentures governing those notes. On August 31, 2018, we entered into a new Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (the "Multidraw Term Loan Agreement"), which replaced the Old Loan Agreement, with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the "Lenders") and the Agent. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement provides a multi-advance term loan facility in the principal amount of up to $50.0 million. The loans drawn under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (collectively, the "Term Loans") may be used to repay existing debt, to pay transaction fees and expenses, to provide working capital for exploration and production operations and for general corporate purposes. On August 31, 2018, we borrowed $50.0 million under the Term Loans, and repaid $32.5 million of outstanding borrowings under the Old Loan Agreement, plus accrued interest and fees, and retained the balance of the borrowings for general corporate purposes. As a result, as of September 30, 2018, we had no borrowing availability under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement.
Our obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the Term Loans are secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of our assets, including a lien on all equipment and at least 90% of the aggregate total value of the oil and gas properties, a lien on certain undeveloped acreage, a pledge of the equity interests of PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C. (the "Borrower") and certain of our other subsidiaries, and corporate guarantees by us and certain of our subsidiaries of the indebtedness of the Borrower. Term Loans under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement bear interest at the rate of 10% per annum.
We are subject to a restrictive covenant under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, consisting of maintaining a ratio of (i) the present value, discounted at 10% per annum, of the estimated future net revenues in respect of our oil and gas properties,

28


before any state, federal, foreign or other income taxes, attributable to total proved reserves, using three-year strip prices in effect at the end of each calendar quarter, including swap agreements in place at the end of each quarter, to (ii) the sum of the outstanding Term Loans and the then outstanding commitments to provide Term Loans, that shall not be less than (a) 1.4 to 1.0 as measured on September 30, 2018, and (b) 1.5 to 1.0 as measured on December 31, 2018 and the last day of each calendar quarter thereafter (the "Coverage Ratio"). If the Coverage Ratio is less than 1.4 to 1.0 as of September 30, 2018 or less than 1.5 to 1.0 as of December 31, 2018 or any quarterly measurement date thereafter, we may, at our option, prepay outstanding Term Loans or permanently reduce the then outstanding Term Loan Commitments (i.e. the available borrowings) under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement, or a combination thereof, by a proportionate amount. As of September 30, 2018, the Coverage Ratio was greater than 1.4 to 1.0.
Sales of our oil and gas properties outside the ordinary course of business are limited under the terms of the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement. In addition, the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement prohibits us from declaring and paying dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock.
The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement also includes restrictions with respect to debt, liens, dividends, distributions and redemptions, investments, loans and advances, nature of business, international operations and foreign subsidiaries, leases, sale or discount of receivables, mergers or consolidations, sales of properties, transactions with affiliates, negative pledge agreements, gas imbalances and swap agreements. Effective September 14, 2018, we entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Loan Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and Lenders agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain anticipated events of default occurring under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement as a result of the non-payment of interest with respect to the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 and such non-payment continuing for a period of 30 days under the indentures governing the notes. The Loan Forbearance Agreement was effective from September 14, 2018 until the earlier of (i) 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on September 28, 2018 or (ii) the occurrence of any specified forbearance default, which includes, among other things, any event of default under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement other than the anticipated events of default or a breach by us of the Loan Forbearance Agreement. On September 28, 2018, October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018 and October 31, 2018, we, the Agent and the Lenders entered into first, second, third and fourth amendments to the Loan Forbearance Agreement that extended the September 28, 2018 deadline to 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on each of October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018, October 31, 2018 and November 6, 2018, respectively. The Loan Forbearance Agreement terminated on the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases.
Effective September 14, 2018, we entered into (i) a Forbearance Agreement (the "2021 Notes Forbearance Agreement") with certain holders (the "2021 Notes Supporting Holders") of approximately $7.3 million in aggregate principal amount (representing approximately 77.9% of the outstanding principal amount) of the 2021 Notes, and (ii) a Forbearance Agreement (the "2021 PIK Notes Forbearance Agreement" and together with the 2021 Notes Forbearance Agreement, the "Notes Forbearance Agreements") with certain holders (the "2021 PIK Notes Supporting Holders" and together with the 2021 Notes Supporting Holders, the "Supporting Holders") of approximately $194.6 million in aggregate principal amount (representing approximately 70.7% of the outstanding principal amount) of the 2021 PIK Notes.
Pursuant to the Notes Forbearance Agreements, the Supporting Holders agreed to forbear from exercising their rights and remedies under their respective indentures governing the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes or the related security documents with respect to certain anticipated events of default occurring under the indentures as a result of the non-payment by us of interest with respect to the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 and such non-payment continuing for a period of 30 days, until the earlier of (i) 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on September 28, 2018 and (ii) the date the Notes Forbearance Agreements otherwise terminate in accordance with the terms therein (the “Forbearance Period”). Pursuant to the Notes Forbearance Agreements, the Supporting Holders agreed to not deliver any notice or instruction in respect of the exercise of any of the rights and remedies otherwise available under the Indenture or the related security documents with respect to such anticipated events of default. The Supporting Holders also agreed to not transfer any ownership in the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes held by any of the Supporting Holders during the Forbearance Period other than to potential transferees currently parties to, or who agree in writing to be bound by, the Notes Forbearance Agreements. On September 28, 2018, October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018 and October 31, 2018, we and the Supporting Holders entered into first, second, third and fourth amendments to the Notes Forbearance Agreements that extended the September 28, 2018 deadline to 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on each of October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018, October 31, 2018 and November 6, 2018, respectively. The Notes Forbearance Agreements terminated on the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases.

29


The following table reconciles the face value of the 2021 Notes, 2021 PIK Notes and Term Loans to the carrying value included in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
2021 Notes
2021 PIK Notes
Term Loans
 
2021 Notes
2021 PIK Notes
Term Loans
Face Value
$
9,427

$
275,046

$
50,000

 
$
9,427

$
263,202

$
30,000

Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs
(193
)

(284
)
 
(212
)

(2,037
)
Excess (Shortfall) Carrying Value
473

(425
)

 
606

(508
)

Accrued PIK Interest



 

8,883


Carrying Value
$
9,707

$
274,621

$
49,716

 
$
9,821

$
271,577

$
27,963

The commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases, described in “Overview - Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code” above, constitutes an event of default that accelerated the obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes provide that as a result of the Petition, the principal and interest due thereunder shall be immediately due and payable. However, any efforts to enforce such payment obligations under such debt instruments will be automatically stayed as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, and the creditors’ rights of enforcement in respect of such debt instruments will be subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Bankruptcy Court.
Use of Capital: Exploration and Development
Our 2018 capital budget has been substantially reduced as compared to 2017 as a result of the increase in our cash interest expense during 2018. During the first nine months of 2018 we invested $9.5 million in capital expenditures primarily related to two completions in our East Texas drilling program, various plugging and abandonment projects and leasing efforts in the Austin Chalk. Because we operate the majority of our drilling activities, we expect to be able to control the timing of a substantial portion of our capital investments. We plan to fund our capital expenditures with cash flow from operations and cash on hand.
Use of Capital: Acquisitions
In December 2017, we entered into an oil focused play in central Louisiana targeting the Austin Chalk formation through the execution of agreements to acquire interest in approximately 24,600 gross acres. We have invested approximately $11.1 million as of September 30, 2018 in acquisition, engineering and geological costs and issued 2.0 million shares of common stock with respect to these interests. We plan to drill our initial horizontal test well during the first half of 2019 utilizing data from existing vertical and unfracked horizontal wells that have been drilled in the area.
We expect to finance our future acquisition activities, if consummated, with cash on hand, sales of properties or assets or joint venture arrangements with industry partners, if necessary. We cannot assure you that such additional financings will be available on acceptable terms, if at all.
Disclosure Regarding Forward Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical facts included in and incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q are forward looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected.
Among those risks, trends and uncertainties are: (i) our ability to obtain Bankruptcy Court approval with respect to motions or other requests made to the Bankruptcy Court in the Chapter 11 Cases, including maintaining strategic control as debtor-in-possession; (ii) our ability to execute, confirm and consummate the Plan or another plan of reorganization with respect to the Chapter 11 proceedings or other alternative restructuring transaction; (iii) the effects of the Company’s bankruptcy filing on the Company and on the interests of various constituents; (iv) Bankruptcy Court rulings in the Chapter 11 Cases in general; (v) the length of time that we will operate under Chapter 11 protection and the continued availability of operating capital during the pendency of the proceedings; (vi) risks associated with third party motions in the Chapter 11 Cases, which may interfere with our ability to confirm and consummate a plan of reorganization; (vii) the potential adverse effects of the Chapter 11 proceedings on our liquidity or results of operations; (viii) increased advisory costs to execute our reorganization; (ix) the impact on our ability to access the public capital markets; and (x) other factors disclosed by us from time to time in our filings with the SEC. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that such expectations reflected in these forward looking statements will prove to have been correct.

30


When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “estimate” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements for a number of important reasons, including those discussed under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
You should read these statements carefully because they discuss our expectations about our future performance, contain projections of our future operating results or our future financial condition, or state other “forward-looking” information. You should be aware that the occurrence of any of the events described under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q could substantially harm our business, results of operations and financial condition and that upon the occurrence of any of these events, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment.
We cannot guarantee any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We experience market risks primarily with respect to commodity prices. Because our properties are located within the United States, we do not believe that our business operations are exposed to significant foreign currency exchange risks.
Commodity Price Risk
Our revenues are derived from the sale of our crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids production. Based on projected sales volumes for the remainder of 2018, a 10% decline in the estimated average prices we expect to receive for our crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids production would result in an approximate $1.3 million decline in our revenues for 2018.
We periodically seek to reduce our exposure to commodity price volatility by hedging a portion of our production through commodity derivative instruments. In the settlement of a typical hedge transaction, we will have the right to receive from the counterparties to the hedge the excess of the fixed price specified in the hedge over a floating price based on a market index multiplied by the quantity hedged. If the floating price exceeds the fixed price, we are required to pay the counterparties this difference multiplied by the quantity hedged. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we paid $0.2 million to the counterparties to our derivative instruments in connection with hedge settlements. We had no outstanding hedge contracts as of September 30, 2018.
We are required to pay the difference between the floating price and the fixed price (when the floating price exceeds the fixed price) regardless of whether we have sufficient production to cover the quantities specified in the hedge. Significant reductions in production at times when the floating price exceeds the fixed price could require us to make payments under the hedge agreements even though such payments are not offset by sales of production. Hedging will also prevent us from receiving the full advantage of increases in oil or gas prices above the fixed amount specified in the hedge.
Our Multidraw Term Loan Agreement requires that the counterparties to our hedge contracts be rated A-/A3 or higher by S&P or Moody's. We currently have no hedge contracts in place.
Interest Rate Risk
As of September 30, 2018, we had no debt subject to variable interest rates.


31


Item 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, completed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded:
i.
that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure (a) that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and (b) that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure; and
ii.
that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, there can be no assurance that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures will detect or uncover all failures of persons within the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries to disclose material information otherwise required to be set forth in the Company’s periodic reports. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or that are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Part II
Item 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of its operations in the normal course of business, including worker's compensation claims, tort claims and contractual disputes. Some of the existing known claims against us are covered by insurance subject to the limits of such policies and the payment of deductible amounts by us. Although a single or multiple adverse rulings or settlements could possibly have a material adverse effect on the Company's business or financial position, the Company only accrues for losses from litigation and claims if the Company determines that a loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated.
On March 23, 2015, BCR Holdings, Inc. filed suit in state district court in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana against PetroQuest Energy L.L.C. ("PQ LLC") and seven other defendant companies claiming damages arising from oilfield operations conducted pursuant to a November 14, 1941 oil, gas and mineral lease on certain lands located in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, part of a field commonly known as "Bully Camp Field". On July 16, 2018 the Court signed an order approving the complete settlement of the case. On October 31, 2018, PQ LLC was dismissed from the lawsuit and released from any obligations owed to BCR Holdings, Inc., as well as any of the other defendants.
There have been no other significant changes with respect to the legal matters disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

32


Item 1A. RISK FACTORS
We are subject to certain risks. For a discussion of these risks, see "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We are subject to risks and uncertainties associated with our Chapter 11 proceedings.
Our operations and ability to develop and execute our business plan, our financial condition, our liquidity and our continuation as a going concern, are subject to the risks and uncertainties associated with our Chapter 11 proceedings. These risks include the following:
our ability to execute, confirm and consummate the Plan or another plan of reorganization with respect to the Chapter 11 proceedings or other alternative restructuring transaction;
our ability to comply with the terms of the Restructuring Support Agreement, including the milestones therein:
the high costs of bankruptcy proceedings and related fees;
our ability to obtain sufficient financing to allow us to emerge from bankruptcy and execute our business plan post-emergence;
our ability to maintain our relationships with our suppliers, service providers, customers, employees, and other third parties;
our ability to maintain contracts that are critical to our operations;
our ability to execute our business plan in the current depressed commodity price environment;
our ability to attract, motivate and retain key employees;
the ability of third parties to seek and obtain court approval to terminate contracts and other agreements with us;
the ability of third parties to seek and obtain court approval to convert the Chapter 11 proceedings to a Chapter 7 proceeding; and
the actions and decisions of our creditors and other third parties who have interests in our Chapter 11 proceedings that may be inconsistent with our plans.
Delays in our Chapter 11 proceedings increase the risks of us being unable to reorganize our business and emerge from bankruptcy and increase our costs associated with the bankruptcy process and may result in the termination of the Restructuring Support Agreement which may, in turn, result in the termination of the right to use cash collateral.
These risks and uncertainties could affect our business and operations in various ways. For example, negative events or publicity associated with our Chapter 11 proceedings could adversely affect our relationships with our suppliers, service providers, customers, employees, and other third parties, which in turn could adversely affect our operations and financial condition. Also, pursuant to the Bankruptcy Code, we need the prior approval of the Bankruptcy Court for transactions outside the ordinary course of business, which may limit our ability to respond timely to certain events or take advantage of certain opportunities. We also need Bankruptcy Court confirmation of the Plan. Because of the risks and uncertainties associated with our Chapter 11 proceedings, we cannot accurately predict or quantify the ultimate impact that events that occur during our Chapter 11 proceedings will have on our business, financial condition and results of operations, and there is no certainty as to our ability to continue as a going concern.
We may not be able to obtain confirmation of a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization.
To emerge successfully from Bankruptcy Court protection as a viable entity, we must meet certain statutory requirements with respect to adequacy of disclosure with respect to a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization, solicit and obtain the requisite acceptances of such a reorganization plan and fulfill other statutory conditions for confirmation of such a plan. However, even if our Plan meets other requirements under the Bankruptcy Code, creditors may not vote in favor of our Plan, and certain parties in interest may file objections to the Plan in an effort to persuade the Bankruptcy Court that we have not satisfied the confirmation requirements under section 1129 of the Bankruptcy Code. Even if no objections are filed and the requisite acceptances of our Plan are received from creditors entitled to vote on the Plan, the Bankruptcy Court, which can exercise substantial discretion, may not confirm the Plan. The precise requirements and evidentiary showing for confirming a plan, notwithstanding its rejection by one or more impaired classes of claims or equity interests, depends upon a number of factors including, without limitation, the status and seniority of the claims or equity interests in the rejecting class (i.e., secured claims or unsecured claims, subordinated or senior claims, preferred or common stock).
If the Plan is not confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court, it is unclear whether we would be able to reorganize our business and what, if anything, holders of claims against us would ultimately receive with respect to their claims.

33


Even if a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization is consummated, we may not be able to achieve our stated goals and continue as a going concern.
Even if the Plan or another Chapter 11 plan of reorganization is consummated, we will continue to face a number of risks, including further deterioration in commodity prices or other changes in economic conditions, changes in our industry, changes in demand for our oil and gas and increasing expenses. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that the Plan or any other Chapter 11 plan of reorganization will achieve our stated goals.
Furthermore, even if our debts are reduced or discharged through the Plan, we may need to raise additional funds through public or private debt or equity financing or other various means to fund our business after the completion of our Chapter 11 proceedings. Our access to additional financing is, and for the foreseeable future will likely continue to be, extremely limited, if it is available at all. Therefore, adequate funds may not be available when needed or may not be available on favorable terms, if they are available at all.
Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to raise additional capital. As a result, we cannot give any assurance of our ability to continue as a going concern, even if the Plan is confirmed.
Any plan of reorganization that we may implement will be based in large part upon assumptions and analyses developed by us. If these assumptions and analyses prove to be incorrect, our plan may be unsuccessful in its execution.
Any plan of reorganization that we may implement could affect both our capital structure and the ownership, structure and operation of our businesses and will reflect assumptions and analyses based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we consider appropriate under the circumstances. Whether actual future results and developments will be consistent with our expectations and assumptions depends on a number of factors, including but not limited to (i) our ability to change substantially our capital structure; (ii) our ability to obtain adequate liquidity and financing sources; (iii) our ability to maintain customers’ confidence in our viability as a continuing entity and to attract and retain sufficient business from them; (iv) our ability to retain key employees, and (v) the overall strength and stability of general economic conditions of the financial and oil and gas industries, both in the U.S. and in global markets. The failure of any of these factors could materially adversely affect the successful reorganization of our businesses.
In addition, any plan of reorganization will rely upon financial projections, including with respect to revenues, EBITDA, capital expenditures, debt service and cash flow. Financial forecasts are necessarily speculative, and it is likely that one or more of the assumptions and estimates that are the basis of these financial forecasts will not be accurate. In our case, the forecasts will be even more speculative than normal, because they may involve fundamental changes in the nature of our capital structure. Accordingly, we expect that our actual financial condition and results of operations will differ, perhaps materially, from what we have anticipated. Consequently, there can be no assurance that the results or developments contemplated by any plan of reorganization we may implement will occur or, even if they do occur, that they will have the anticipated effects on us and our subsidiaries or our businesses or operations. The failure of any such results or developments to materialize as anticipated could materially adversely affect the successful execution of any plan of reorganization.
We have substantial liquidity needs and may not be able to obtain sufficient liquidity to confirm a plan of reorganization and exit bankruptcy.
We face uncertainty regarding the adequacy of our liquidity and capital resources and have extremely limited, if any, access to additional financing. In addition to the cash necessary to fund our ongoing operations, we have incurred significant professional fees and other costs in connection with preparation for our Chapter 11 proceedings and expect that we will continue to incur significant professional fees and costs throughout our Chapter 11 proceedings. We cannot assure you that our cash on hand and cash flow from operations will be sufficient to continue to fund our operations and allow us to satisfy our obligations related to our Chapter 11 Cases until we are able to emerge from our Chapter 11 proceedings.
Our liquidity, including our ability to meet our ongoing operational obligations, is dependent upon, among other things; (i) our ability to comply with the terms and condition of any cash collateral order entered by the Bankruptcy Court in connection with our Chapter 11 proceedings; (ii) our ability to maintain adequate cash on hand; (iii) our ability to generate cash flow from operations, (iv) our ability to execute, confirm and consummate the Plan or another plan of reorganization with respect to the Chapter 11 proceedings or other alternative restructuring transaction; and (v) the cost, duration and outcome of our Chapter 11 proceedings. Our ability to maintain adequate liquidity depends in part upon industry conditions and general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors beyond our control. In the event that our cash on hand and cash flow from operations is not sufficient to meet our liquidity needs, we may be required to seek additional financing. We can provide no assurance that additional financing would be available or, if available, offered to us on acceptable terms. Our access to additional financing is, and for the foreseeable future will likely continue to be, extremely limited if it is available at all. Our long-term liquidity requirements and the adequacy of our capital resources are difficult to predict at this time.

34


In certain instances, a Chapter 11 case may be converted to a case under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code.
Upon a showing of cause, the Bankruptcy Court may convert our Chapter 11 case to a case under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code. In such event, a Chapter 7 trustee would be appointed or elected to liquidate our assets for distribution in accordance with the priorities established by the Bankruptcy Code. We believe that liquidation under Chapter 7 would result in significantly smaller distributions being made to our creditors than those provided for in our Plan because of (i) the likelihood that the assets would have to be sold or otherwise disposed of in a distressed fashion over a short period of time rather than in a controlled manner and as a going concern, (ii) additional administrative expenses involved in the appointment of a Chapter 7 trustee, and (iii) additional expenses and claims, some of which would be entitled to priority, that would be generated during the liquidation and from the rejection of leases and other executory contracts in connection with a cessation of operations.
Trading in the Company’s securities is highly speculative and poses substantial risks. We expect that the shares of our existing common stock and preferred stock will be extinguished and existing equity holders will not receive consideration in respect of their equity.
We have a significant amount of indebtedness that is senior to our existing common stock and preferred stock in our capital structure. In addition, the Restructuring Support Agreement contemplates that our outstanding 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes will be converted into equity of the reorganized Company and that all equity interests of the existing equity holders of the Company will be extinguished upon the Company’s emergence from bankruptcy. As a result, we expect that the shares of our existing common stock and preferred stock will be extinguished in our Chapter 11 proceedings and our common and preferred stockholders will be entitled to no recovery. Accordingly, any trading in shares of our common and preferred stock during the pendency of our Chapter 11 proceedings is highly speculative and poses substantial risks to purchasers of shares of our common and preferred stock.
We may be subject to claims that will not be discharged in our Chapter 11 proceedings, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
The Bankruptcy Code provides that the confirmation of a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization discharges a debtor from substantially all debts arising prior to confirmation. With few exceptions, all claims that arose prior to confirmation of the plan of reorganization (i) would be subject to compromise and/or treatment under the plan of reorganization and (ii) would be discharged in accordance with the Bankruptcy Code and the terms of the plan of reorganization. Any claims not ultimately discharged through a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization could be asserted against the reorganized entities and may have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations on a post-reorganization basis.
Our financial results may be volatile and may not reflect historical trends.
During the Chapter 11 proceedings, we expect our financial results to continue to be volatile as asset impairments, asset dispositions, restructuring activities and expenses, contract terminations and rejections, and claims assessments may significantly impact our consolidated financial performance. As a result, our historical financial performance is likely not indicative of our financial performance after the Petition Date.
In addition, if we emerge from Chapter 11, the amounts reported in subsequent consolidated financial statements may materially change relative to historical consolidated financial statements, including as a result of revisions to our operating plans pursuant to the Plan. We also may be required to adopt fresh start accounting, in which case our assets and liabilities will be recorded at fair value as of the fresh start reporting date, which may differ materially from the recorded values of assets and liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. Our financial results after the application of fresh start accounting also may be different from historical trends.
Transfers of our equity, or issuances of equity before or in connection with our Chapter 11 proceedings, may impair our ability to utilize our federal income tax net operating loss carryforwards in future years.
Under federal income tax law, a corporation is generally permitted to deduct from taxable income net operating losses carried forward from prior years. We have net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $79.2 million as of December 31, 2017. Our ability to utilize our net operating loss carryforwards to offset future taxable income and to reduce federal income tax liability is subject to certain requirements and restrictions. If we experience an “ownership change”, as defined in section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, then our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards may be substantially limited, which could have a negative impact on our financial position and results of operations. Generally, there is an “ownership change” if one or more stockholders owning 5% or more of a corporation’s common stock have aggregate increases in their ownership of such stock of more than 50 percentage points over the prior three-year period. Under section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, absent an applicable exception, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change”, the amount of its net operating losses that may be utilized to offset future table income generally is subject to an annual limitation. Even if the net operating loss carryforwards is subject to limitation under Section 382, the net operating losses would still be available to be reduced from the amount of discharge of indebtedness arising in a Chapter 11 case under Section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code under the tax attribute reduction rules, if applicable.

35


We have requested that the Bankruptcy Court approve restrictions on certain transfers of our stock to limit the risk of an “ownership change” prior to our restructuring in our Chapter 11 proceedings.  Following the implementation of a plan of reorganization, it is likely that an “ownership change” will be deemed to occur and our net operating losses will nonetheless be subject to annual limitation.  However, if an “ownership change” has not occurred prior to our reorganization, a provision in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code related to Chapter 11 proceedings may increase the amount of net operating losses available to utilize annually under the limitation.
The pursuit of the Chapter 11 proceedings has consumed and will continue to consume a substantial portion of the time and attention of our management and will impact how our business is conducted, which may have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
A long period of operating under Chapter 11 could adversely affect our business and results of operations. While the Chapter 11 proceedings continue, our senior management will be required to spend a significant amount of time and effort focusing on the proceedings. This diversion of attention may materially affect the conduct of our business adversely, and, as a result, on our financial condition and results of operations, particularly if the Chapter 11 Cases are protracted.
We may not meet certain conditions of the Restructuring Support Agreement, which could result in the automatic termination of such agreement.
The Company entered into the Restructuring Support Agreement in connection with the filing of the Petition on November 6, 2018. We may not be able to meet certain conditions of the Restructuring Support Agreement, which could cause a Combined Consenting Second Lien Termination Event or a Consenting Term Loan Lender Termination Event, each as defined in the Restructuring Support Agreement, which could cause the termination of the Restructuring Support Agreement.

Item 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
There were no repurchases of our common stock during the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

We have not paid dividends on our common stock, in cash or otherwise, and intend to retain our cash flow from operations for the future operation and development of our business. We are currently restricted from paying dividends on our common stock by our Multidraw Term Loan Facility, the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes and, in some circumstances, by the terms of our Series B Preferred Stock. Any future dividends also may be restricted by our then-existing debt agreements.

Item 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

The commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases, described in “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Overview - Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code” above, constitutes an event of default that accelerated the obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and the indentures governing the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes provide that as a result of the Petition, the principal and interest due thereunder shall be immediately due and payable. However, any efforts to enforce such payment obligations under such debt instruments will be automatically stayed as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, and the creditors’ rights of enforcement in respect of such debt instruments will be subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Bankruptcy Court.
The Company's Board of Directors did not declare a dividend on the Company's 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock for the quarterly periods starting with April 15, 2016. As of the date of this report, the Company had dividends in arrears of approximately $14.1 million. See "Note 4 - Equity" within Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information.

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
NONE.

Item 5. OTHER INFORMATION
NONE.


36


Item 6. EXHIBITS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

37


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



38



SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 

 
PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.



Date:
November 13, 2018
/s/ J. Bond Clement

 
J. Bond Clement
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Authorized Officer and Principal
Financial and Accounting Officer)

39
EX-31.1 2 pq9301810qex311.htm EXHIBIT 31.1 Exhibit


EXHIBIT 31.1
I, Charles T. Goodson, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this Form 10-Q of PetroQuest Energy, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
/s/ Charles T. Goodson                            
Charles T. Goodson
Chief Executive Officer
November 13, 2018


EX-31.2 3 pq9301810qex312.htm EXHIBIT 31.2 Exhibit


EXHIBIT 31.2
I, J. Bond Clement, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this Form 10-Q of PetroQuest Energy, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ J. Bond Clement                        
J. Bond Clement
Chief Financial Officer
November 13, 2018


EX-32.1 4 pq9301810qex321.htm EXHIBIT 32.1 Exhibit


Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906
OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of PetroQuest Energy, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending September 30, 2018 (the “Report”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, Charles T. Goodson, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
1.The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
2.The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
/s/ Charles T. Goodson
Charles T. Goodson
Chief Executive Officer
November 13, 2018
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.


EX-32.2 5 pq9301810qex322.htm EXHIBIT 32.2 Exhibit


Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906
OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of PetroQuest Energy, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending September 30, 2018 (the “Report”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, J. Bond Clement, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
1.The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
2.The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
/s/ J. Bond Clement
J. Bond Clement
Chief Financial Officer
November 13, 2018
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.


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