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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021
or
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File No. 001-15461
MATRIX SERVICE COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware73-1352174
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
5100 E. Skelly Drive,Suite 50074135
Tulsa,Oklahoma
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (918838-8822
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareMTRXNASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ☐            Accelerated filer  ☒            Non-accelerated filer  ☐            Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common stock was last sold as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter was approximately $284 million.
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of September 9, 2021 was 26,697,028 shares.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Certain sections of the registrant's definitive proxy statement relating to the registrant's 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, which definitive proxy statement will be filed within 120 days of the end of the registrant's fiscal year, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
  Page
Part I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Part III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
Part IV
Item 15.
Item 16.

1

Table of Contents

PART I

Item 1.    Business
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this Annual Report which address activities, events or developments, which we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. The words “believes,” “intends,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “estimates,” “predicts” and similar expressions are also intended to identify forward-looking statements.
These forward-looking statements include, among others, such things as:
the impact to our business of the COVID-19 pandemic;
amounts and nature of future project awards, revenue and margins from each of our segments;
our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations, access our credit facility, or raise cash in order to meet our short and long-term capital requirements;
our ability to comply with the covenants in our Credit Agreement;
the impact to our business of changes in crude oil, natural gas and other commodity prices;
the likely impact of new or existing regulations or market forces on the demand for our services;
our expectations with respect to the likelihood of a future impairment; and
expansion and other trends of the industries we serve.
These statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses we made in light of our experience and our historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments as well as other factors we believe are appropriate. However, whether actual results and developments will conform to our expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations many of which are beyond our control, including:
the risk factors discussed in Item 1A of this Annual Report and listed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC");
economic, market or business conditions in general (including the length and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic) and in the oil, natural gas, power, petrochemical, agricultural and mining industries in particular;
the transition to renewable energy sources and its impact on our current customer base;
the under- or over-utilization of our work force;
delays in the commencement or progression of major projects, whether due to COVID-19 concerns, permitting issues or other factors;
reduced creditworthiness of our customer base and the higher risk of non-payment of receivables due to volatility of crude oil, natural gas, and other commodity prices which affect our customers' businesses;
the inherently uncertain outcome of current and future litigation;
the adequacy of our reserves for claims and contingencies; and
changes in laws or regulations, including the imposition, cancellation or delay of tariffs on imported goods.


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Table of Contents

Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences or effects on our business operations. We assume no obligation to update, except as required by law, any such forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
BACKGROUND
We began operations in 1984 as an Oklahoma corporation under the name of Matrix Service. In 1989, we incorporated in the State of Delaware under the name of Matrix Service Company. We provide engineering, fabrication, infrastructure, construction, and maintenance services primarily to the oil, natural gas, power, petrochemical, industrial, agricultural, mining and minerals markets. We also sell products for crude oil and refined product aboveground storage tanks. We maintain regional offices throughout the United States, Canada and other international locations, and operate through separate union and merit subsidiaries.
We are licensed to operate in all 50 states, in four Canadian provinces and in other international locations. Our principal executive offices are located at 5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 500, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74135. Our telephone number is (918) 838-8822. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to “Matrix Service Company”, “Matrix”, the “Company” or to “we”, “our”, and “us” are to Matrix Service Company and its subsidiaries.
We believe we have an obligation to better the world in which we live and work – to do today’s work in a manner that advances and protects tomorrow’s world for future generations. Across the ideals of environmental stewardship, social responsibility, governance, diversity, inclusiveness and equity, we are committed to ensuring our business strategies, policies, and practices align with sustainability goals where we can have the greatest impact globally and in our own local communities. We are committed to fulfilling our purpose today by safely engineering, constructing, and maintaining essential infrastructure that provides a better, brighter future for tomorrow.
WEBSITE ACCESS TO REPORTS
Our public website is matrixservicecompany.com. We make available free of charge through the "Investor Relations" section of our website our annual reports to stockholders, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Any materials we file with or furnish to the SEC are also maintained on the SEC website (sec.gov).
The information contained on our website, or available by hyperlink from our website, is not incorporated into this Annual Report or other documents we file with, or furnish to, the SEC. We intend to use our website as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Such disclosures will be included in the "Investor Relations" section of our website. Investors should monitor that section of our website for press releases, investor presentations, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts.
While not our primary means of communication, investors can also learn more about us by visiting our social media channels. We encourage investors, the media, and others interested in us to review the information posted on our Facebook site (facebook.com/matrixservicecompany), our LinkedIn account (linkedin.com/company/matrix-service-company) and our Twitter account (twitter.com/matrixserviceco). Investors, the media or other interested parties can subscribe to the Twitter feed at the address listed above.
OPERATING SEGMENTS
Due to changing markets facing our clients and to better align our financial reporting with our long-term strategic growth areas, we began reporting our financial results under new reportable segments effective July 1, 2020. The new reportable segments along with a description of each are as follows:
Utility and Power Infrastructure: consists of power delivery services provided to investor owned utilities, including construction of new substations, upgrades of existing substations, transmission and distribution line installations, upgrades and maintenance, as well as emergency and storm restoration services. We also provide construction and maintenance services to a variety of power generation facilities, including natural gas fired facilities in simple or combined cycle configuration and provide engineering, fabrication, and construction services for LNG utility peak shaving facilities.

3

Table of Contents

Process and Industrial Facilities: primarily serves customers in the downstream and midstream petroleum industries who are engaged in refining crude oil and processing, fractionating, and marketing of natural gas and natural gas liquids. We also serve customers in various other industries such as petrochemical, sulfur, mining and minerals companies engaged primarily in the extraction of non-ferrous metals, aerospace and defense, cement, agriculture, and other industrial customers. Our services include plant maintenance, turnarounds, industrial cleaning services, engineering, fabrication, and capital construction.
Storage and Terminal Solutions: consists of work related to aboveground storage tanks and terminals. We also include work related to cryogenic and other specialty storage tanks and terminals, including LNG, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen, liquid petroleum, hydrogen and other specialty vessels such as spheres in this segment, as well work related to marine structures and truck and rail loading/offloading facilities. Our services include engineering, fabrication, construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services for both tanks and full terminals. Finally, we offer tank products, including geodesic domes, aluminum internal floating roofs, floating suction and skimmer systems, roof drain systems and floating roof seals.
OTHER BUSINESS MATTERS
Customers and Marketing
We provided services to approximately 470 customers in fiscal 2021. Most of our revenue comes from long-term customer relationships. One customer individually accounted for $86.7 million or 12.9% of our consolidated revenue in fiscal 2021, all of which was included in the Utility and Power Infrastructure segment. No other customers individually accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated revenue in fiscal 2021. See Part II, Item 8. Financial Statement and Supplementary Data, Note 13 - Segment Information, for more information about concentration of revenue by segment.
We market our services and products primarily through our marketing and business development personnel, senior professional staff and our operating management. We competitively bid most of our projects; however, we have a number of preferred provider relationships with customers who award us work through long-term agreements. Our projects have durations ranging from a few days to multiple years.
Competition
We compete with local, regional, national and international contractors and service providers. Competitors vary with the markets we serve with few competitors competing in all of the markets we serve or in all of the services we provide. Contracts are generally awarded based on price, quality, safety performance, schedule, experience and customer satisfaction.
Backlog
We define backlog as the total dollar amount of revenue that we expect to recognize as a result of performing work that has been awarded to us through a signed contract, limited notice to proceed ("LNTP") or other type of assurance that we consider firm. The following arrangements are considered firm:
fixed-price awards;
minimum customer commitments on cost plus arrangements; and
certain time and material arrangements in which the estimated value is firm or can be estimated with a reasonable amount of certainty in both timing and amounts.
For long-term maintenance contracts with no minimum commitments and other established customer agreements, we include only the amounts that we expect to recognize as revenue over the next 12 months. For arrangements in which we have received a LNTP, we include the entire scope of work in our backlog if we conclude that the likelihood of the full project proceeding as high. For all other arrangements, we calculate backlog as the estimated contract amount less revenue recognized as of the reporting date.


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The following table provides a summary of changes in our backlog in fiscal 2021:
Utility and Power InfrastructureProcess and Industrial FacilitiesStorage and Terminal
Solutions
Total
 (In thousands)
Backlog as of June 30, 2020$272,816 $145,725 $339,924 $758,465 
Project awards107,279 188,969 155,465 451,713 
Other adjustment(1)
— — (74,219)(74,219)
Revenue recognized(210,052)(199,917)(263,429)(673,398)
Backlog as of June 30, 2021$170,043 $134,777 $157,741 $462,561 
Book-to-bill ratio(2)
0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 

(1)The other adjustment in the Storage and Terminal Solutions segment was due to a customer's decision not to renew our existing LNTP for a storage tank capital project. We were paid for all work performed on the project. This project is still active and we will be required to update pricing when the customer makes its final investment decision, which we expect will occur in fiscal 2022.
(2)Calculated by dividing project awards by revenue recognized.

Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting disruption to energy and industrial markets, some of our customers continue to be conservative with their spending levels.
In the Utility and Power Infrastructure segment, performance in the power delivery business continues to be strong on lower revenue. Bidding activity is strong and we expect project awards to increase. Similarly, our opportunity pipeline for LNG peak shaving projects is building, however those awards, while significant, can be less frequent. During the third quarter of fiscal 2021, we received a key contract for an upgrade of an LNG peak shaving facility. We are optimistic that electrical infrastructure and LNG peak shaving will be critical to the spending priorities of the Biden Administration and lead to increased opportunities in this segment.
In the Process and Industrial Facilities segment, the short-term impact of the global pandemic on our refinery maintenance operations has moderated. We saw an increase in demand for refinery and maintenance work on existing long-term maintenance contracts with certain customers. However, other customers continue to delay or reduce discretionary maintenance and capital spending. In addition, we continue to see strong demand for thermal vacuum chambers, as well as increasing opportunities in mining and minerals and chemicals. The larger midstream natural gas projects continue to be limited, but we are seeing some activity in smaller capital work. We are also seeing increasing opportunities in projects that support the ongoing transition to greener energy.
In the Storage and Terminal Solutions segment, opportunities for crude oil tanks and terminals continue to be limited as our customers rationalize the near-term demand for crude oil storage and terminalling, which has been significantly disrupted by the pandemic. We believe crude oil will continue to play an important role in the global economy for some time and we expect crude oil storage and terminal opportunities to return as the world recovers from the pandemic, however, based on the transition to greener energy, the longer-term demand for crude oil storage is less certain. This segment also includes a strong funnel of opportunities for storage infrastructure projects related to natural gas, LNG, ammonia, NGLs, and chemical feed stocks. We are also seeing an increase in inquiries related to renewable energy, especially for hydrogen storage and related facilities.
Project awards in all segments are cyclical and are typically the result of a sales process that can take several months or years to complete. It is common for awards to shift from one period to another as the timing of awards is dependent upon a number of factors including changes in market conditions, permitting, off take agreements, project financing and other factors. Backlog volatility may increase for some segments from time to time when individual project awards are less frequent, but more significant. We expect to recognize approximately 85% of our total backlog reported as of June 30, 2021 as revenue within fiscal 2022.


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Seasonality and Other Factors
Our operating results can exhibit seasonal fluctuations, especially in our Process and Industrial Facilities segment, for a variety of reasons. Turnarounds and planned outages at customer facilities are typically scheduled in the spring and the fall when the demand for energy is lower. Within the Utility and Power Infrastructure segment, transmission and distribution work is generally scheduled by the public utilities when the demand for electricity is at its lowest. Therefore, revenue volume in the summer months is typically lower than in other periods throughout the year.
During fiscal 2021, our operations were significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to the closure of certain offices, shutdowns of certain job sites and the loss of productivity, among other issues. Our business can also be affected, both positively and negatively, by seasonal factors such as energy demand or weather conditions including hurricanes, snowstorms, and abnormally low or high temperatures. Some of these seasonal factors may cause some of our offices and projects to close or reduce activities temporarily. In addition to the above noted factors, the general timing of project starts and completions could exhibit significant fluctuations.
Other factors impacting operating results in all segments come from decreased work volume during holidays, work site permitting delays or customers accelerating or postponing work. The differing types, sizes, and durations of our contracts, combined with their geographic diversity and stages of completion, often results in fluctuations in our operating results.
Our overhead cost structure is generally fixed. Significant fluctuations in revenue volume usually leads to over or under recovery of fixed overhead costs, which can have a material impact on our gross margin and profitability.

Material Sources and Availability
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in disruptions to global supply chains, which have led to higher prices for some of the materials we need to run our business, including, but not limited to, structural steel, steel piping, rebar, valves, copper, and delivery freight. We have been proactive with managing our procurement processes to help reduce the impacts of rising materials prices on our business and to help ensure we continue to have the materials we need available. However, rising prices and the potential for materials shortages have created additional risk into bidding and executing work profitably.
The timing of normalization of the global supply chains is uncertain and will depend on several factors, including the speed of recovery from the pandemic, producer capacity, the level of imports, worldwide demand, tariffs on imported goods and other market conditions.
Insurance
We maintain insurance coverage for various aspects of our operations. However, exposure to potential losses is retained through the use of deductibles, self-insured retentions and coverage limits.
Typically our contracts require us to indemnify our customers for injury, damage or loss arising from the performance of our services and provide warranties for materials. We may also be required to name the customer as an additional insured up to the limits of insurance available, or we may be required to purchase special insurance policies or surety bonds for specific customers or provide letters of credit in lieu of bonds to satisfy performance and financial guarantees on some projects. We maintain a performance and payment bonding line sufficient to support the business. We generally require our subcontractors to indemnify us and our customers and name us as an additional insured for activities arising out of the subcontractors’ work. We also require certain subcontractors to provide additional insurance policies, including surety bonds in favor of us, to secure the subcontractors’ work. There can be no assurance that our insurance and the additional insurance coverage provided by our subcontractors will fully protect us against a valid claim or loss under the contracts with our customers.
Human Capital Management
Employees
Successful execution of our business strategy is dependent on attracting, developing, and retaining key employees who represent our core values and the communities we serve. Our people are our greatest resource, which makes our certification in fiscal 2021 as a Great Place To Work® — for the fifth consecutive year — both a point of pride and an invaluable tool for continuous improvement supporting our objective of always being an employer of choice. Our office-based employee retention rate has consistently been above 90% for the past 5 years.

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Given the nature of our work, the size of our employee population can vary significantly throughout the year because of the number, type and size of projects we have in progress at any particular time. As of June 30, 2021, we had 2,717 employees worldwide. Of those employees, 689 were employed in office-based positions and 2,028 were employed in field or craft positions. The breakdown by country was: 2,413 located in the United States, 265 in Canada, and 39 across other international locations. At the end of fiscal 2021, 48% of our overall workforce and 28% of our management team was represented by women and minorities, and 33% of the independent directors serving on our Board of Directors are female.
The percentage of our employees represented by unions as of June 30, 2021 was approximately 22%. Operating under collective bargaining agreements with various unions, our union employees are provided with benefits including health and welfare, pension, training programs and competitive compensation plans. We have not experienced any strikes or work stoppages in recent years and are proud that our relationships with our employees and labor unions are strong.
Business Ethics and Core Values
Our employees are entrusted with engineering, constructing, and maintaining the complex, critical infrastructure that supports modern daily living and quality of life. Ethics and integrity are foundational in our ability to be successful and are engrained in our culture and core values. Across all areas of our business, we maintain focus on compliance and doing the right thing, and integrity is essential to every aspect of our business, in both policy and practice. Accordingly, we are committed to ensuring compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, and to maintaining the highest standards of ethical conduct in accordance with our code of conduct.
Health and Safety
Ensuring the safety of our employees and those around us is integral to who we are, and paramount to our success and sustainability. The journey to achieving and maintaining a zero-incident safety performance requires robust training along with comprehensive policies, processes, and systems to plan, perform, report, measure, review, and improve our performance. We have incorporated safety as a key performance metric in our incentive compensation plan by measuring our annual Total Recordable Incident Rate ("TRIR"), which is calculated by multiplying the number of recordable incidents by 200,000 and dividing that number by the total hours worked each year. This metric is also used by others in our industry, which allows for a more objective comparison of our performance. In fiscal 2021, our TRIR was 0.28, which represents a record for us and world-class safety performance.
Our commitment to health and safety during the pandemic reached far beyond our employees and included their families, our clients, and our communities. Relying on our Business Continuity Plan, we took swift, immediate action across our network of offices and on our project sites to help protect our people and those with whom we work. We provided our clients with our COVID-19 Mitigation Plan and Infectious Disease Response Program, both of which also address supplier requirements, and we worked proactively with our clients to ensure proper protocols were in place and followed.
Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI)
Foundational to attracting, developing, and retaining a diverse, engaged workforce is our commitment to making sure our employees feel safe, know they are valued and that their work matters, and that they are provided opportunities to achieve their maximum potential. We believe when we value each other’s differences and encourage everyone’s voice to be heard, we can break down the barriers that stifle ideas and opportunities.
In fiscal 2021, we established our employee diversity baseline to identify areas for improvement and help shape our recruiting efforts, succession planning, and professional development. We sponsored Days of Understanding and other events covering topics such as implicit and unconscious bias, racism and the Tulsa Race Massacre, uncomfortable conversations, LGBTQ+ history and inclusion, and more. In late fiscal 2021, we also established the framework to support Employee Resource Groups ("ERGs") and, with input from our employees enterprise-wide, identified our first ERGs, which will focus on the following communities: Asian, Black, Hispanic/Latino, LGBTQ+, Women, and Veterans. Our ERGs will be designed to foster a diverse and inclusive workplace through employee-led, organic efforts.


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Total Rewards Package
As part of our compensation philosophy and to attract and retain superior talent, we offer and maintain market-competitive, total rewards programs for our employees. In addition to base salaries, additional programs include incentive and project bonus opportunities, comprehensive healthcare coverage and insurance benefits, Company matched retirement plans, health savings and flexible spending accounts, an Employee Stock Purchase Plan, paid holidays and other paid time off, family leave, and flexible work schedules where possible. Other offerings include employee assistance programs with 365/24/7 access to resources and help, and Matrix HealthMatters, our robust wellness program that provides resources and education to help employees and their families get and stay healthy, focusing wholistically on physical, mental and financial health.
Training and Employee Development Programs
Investment in continuous learning is essential to providing industry-leading expertise and service to our clients, continuous improvement across our organization, and meaningful career development opportunities for our people. From in-person to online courses, formalized and other specialized training, our employees benefit from opportunities to strengthen their leadership and management competencies, improve communication and interpersonal skills, and advance their technical proficiency. Through Matrix University, our people have access to resources that include a robust Learning Management System (LMS) that provides enterprise-wide access for employees to a number of online learning modules and support tools.
Our employees also benefit from the Matrix Performance Development Program, designed for collaborative development of annual performance goals and to promote continuous, transparent feedback between employees and their supervisors.
Employee Engagement
We also empower our employees to donate time, talent, and resources through Company-led initiatives, employee matching, and paid volunteer time off. Each year, our employees collectively log thousands of hours participating in individual community service projects in addition to hours they invest serving on boards and participating in Company-sponsored charitable events. We also provide direct corporate financial support to nonprofit organizations in the communities where we live and work.
Patents and Proprietary Technology
Our subsidiaries have several patents and patents pending, and continue to pursue new ideas and innovations to better serve our customers in several areas of our business. The Flex-A-Span® and Flex-A-Seal® trademarks are utilized to market our unique seals for floating roof tanks. The FastFroth® trademark is utilized to market our unique industrial cleaning process. Our patented RS 1000 Tank Mixer controls sludge build-up in crude oil tanks through resuspension. The Flexible Fluid Containment System patent covers a system that captures and contains flue leaking from pipe and valve connections. The Flex-A-Swivel® patent refers to our unique pipe swivel joint assembly. Our patent for Spacerless or Geocomposite Double Bottom for Storage Tanks relates to a replacement bottom with leak detection and containment that allows for the retrofitting of an existing tank while minimizing the loss of capacity. The patent for the Training Tank for Personnel Entry, Exit and Rescue relates to a training device that can be used to train personnel on equipment that is made to simulate confined space scenarios.
We also hold a perpetual license to use various patents and technologies related to LNG storage tanks, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen storage tanks, liquid petroleum gas storage tanks and thermal vacuum chambers.
While our intellectual property is not our main business, we believe that the ability to use these patents and technology enables us to expand our presence in the markets we serve and minimizes the development costs typically associated with organic growth.


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Regulation
Health and Safety Regulations
Our operations are subject to regulation by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) and Mine Safety and Health Administration (“MSHA”), the U.S. Department of Transportation, and to regulation under state laws and by the Canadian Workers’ Compensation Board and its Workplace Health, Safety and Compensation Commission. Regulations promulgated by these agencies require employers and independent contractors to implement work practices, medical surveillance systems and personnel protection programs to protect employees from workplace hazards and exposure to hazardous chemicals and materials. In recognition of the potential for accidents within various scopes of work, these agencies have enacted strict and comprehensive safety regulations. We have established and consistently reinforce and monitor compliance with comprehensive programs intended to ensure that we comply with all applicable health and safety regulations to protect the safety of our workers, subcontractors and customers. While we believe that we operate safely and prudently, there can be no assurance that accidents will not occur or that we will not incur substantial liability in connection with the operation of our businesses. In order to minimize the financial exposure resulting from potential accidents associated with our work, we maintain liability insurance to limit losses that could result from our work.
Environmental
We believe we have an obligation to better the world in which we live and work – to do today’s work in a manner that advances and protects tomorrow’s world for future generations. Across our organization, from our project sites to our offices, we are committed to environmental stewardship and to continuously seeking better, more sustainable ways to perform our work in existing and new markets, including renewables.
Our operations and the operations of our customers are subject to extensive and changing environmental laws and regulations. These laws and regulations relate primarily to air and water pollutants and the management and disposal of hazardous materials. We are exposed to potential liability for personal injury or property damage caused by any release, spill, exposure or other accident involving such pollutants, substances or hazardous materials.
In order to limit costs incurred as a result of environmental exposure, we maintain contractor’s pollution liability insurance that covers liability that may be incurred as a result of accidental releases of hazardous materials.
We believe that we are currently in compliance, in all material aspects, with all applicable environmental laws and regulations. We do not expect any material charges in subsequent periods relating to environmental conditions that currently exist and do not currently foresee any significant future capital spending relating to environmental matters.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following risk factors should be considered with the other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As we operate in a continuously changing environment, other risk factors may emerge which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flow.

Risk Factors Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected our business and operations.

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected our business and operations and the business and operations of our customers. We have experienced unpredictable reductions in demand for our services. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, companies within the oil and natural gas and other industries (including our customers) have announced spending cuts and/or project delays which, in turn, have resulted in decreased awards of new contracts or adjustments, reductions, suspensions or cancellations of existing contracts. Such continued delays have impacted our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The ongoing pandemic has also resulted in disruptions to labor and global supply chains, which have led to labor shortages and higher prices for some of the materials we need to run our business, including, but not limited to, structural steel, steel piping, rebar, valves, copper, and delivery freight. We have been proactive with managing our workforce and procurement processes to help reduce the impacts of labor shortages and rising materials prices on our business and to help ensure we continue to have the labor and materials we need available. However, rising prices and the potential for labor and materials shortages have created additional risk into bidding and executing work profitably.
Because the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic consequences are uncertain, rapidly changing and difficult to predict, the impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations remains uncertain. While we expect the COVID-19 pandemic to have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, cash flow and results of operations, we are unable to predict the extent, nature or duration of these impacts at this time.

Financial Risks

Our borrowing capacity under our Credit Agreement is determined by the size of our borrowing base and if the size of our borrowing base does not provide adequate liquidity, then we may need to raise additional capital in the future for working capital, capital expenditures and/or acquisitions, and we may not be able to do so on favorable terms or at all, which would impair our ability to operate our business or achieve our strategic plan.

Cash and cash equivalents on hand at June 30, 2021 totaled $83.9 million. Management believes it has sufficient cash on hand and will generate sufficient cash from operations to fund the business. However, should we require additional liquidity, there is risk that we will be unable access the amount of additional liquidity needed from our Credit Agreement if the level of assets included in the borrowing base is insufficient. The borrowing base includes restricted cash plus a percentage of the value of certain accounts receivable, inventory and equipment, reduced for certain reserves.

To the extent that cash on hand, cash flow from operations, and borrowing availability under the Credit Agreement are insufficient to make future investments, or provide needed working capital, we may require additional financing from other sources. Our ability to obtain such additional financing in the future will depend in part upon prevailing capital market conditions, as well as conditions in our business and our operating results; and those factors may affect our efforts to arrange additional financing on terms that are satisfactory to us. If adequate funds are not available, or are not available on acceptable terms, we may not be able to make future investments or respond to competitive challenges.

Our Credit Agreement imposes restrictions that may limit business alternatives.

Our Credit Agreement prohibits or limits us from making acquisitions, repurchasing equity, incurring additional debt, acquiring or disposing of assets, or making other distributions, including cash dividends. In addition, our Credit Agreement requires that we comply with a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio financial covenant under certain conditions. These covenants and restrictions may impact our ability to effectively execute operating and strategic plans and our operating performance may not be sufficient to comply with the required covenants.


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Our failure to comply with one or more of the covenants in our Credit Agreement could result in an event of default. We can provide no assurance that a default could be remedied, or that our creditors would grant a waiver or further amend the terms of the Credit Agreement.

Risk Factors Related to Our Business and Operations
Unsatisfactory safety performance may subject us to penalties, affect customer relationships, result in higher operating costs, negatively impact employee morale and result in higher employee turnover.
Our projects are conducted at a variety of sites including construction sites and industrial facilities. With each location, hazards are part of the day-to-day exposures that we must manage on a continuous basis to ensure our employees return home from work the same way they arrived. We understand that everyone plays a role with safety and everyone can make a difference with their active participation. With our proactive approach, our strategy is to identify the exposures and correct them before they result in an incident whether that involves an injury, damage or destruction of property, plant and equipment or an environmental impact. We are intensely focused on maintaining a strong safety culture and strive for zero incidents.
Although we have taken what we believe are appropriate precautions to adequately train and equip our employees, we have experienced serious accidents, including fatalities, in the past and may experience additional accidents in the future. Serious accidents may subject us to penalties, civil litigation or criminal prosecution. Claims for damages to persons, including claims for bodily injury or loss of life, could result in costs and liabilities, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Poor safety performance could also jeopardize our relationships with our customers and increase our insurance premiums.
Our profitability could be negatively impacted if we are not able to maintain appropriate utilization of our workforce.
The extent to which we utilize our workforce affects our profitability. If we under utilize our workforce, our project gross margins and overall profitability suffer in the short-term. If we over utilize our workforce, we may negatively impact safety, employee satisfaction and project execution. The utilization of our workforce is impacted by numerous factors including:
our estimate of the headcount requirements for various operating units based upon our forecast of the demand for our products and services;
our ability to maintain our talent base and manage attrition;
productivity;
our ability to schedule our portfolio of projects to efficiently utilize our employees and minimize downtime between project assignments; and
our need to invest time and resources into functions such as training, business development, employee recruiting, and sales that are not chargeable to customer projects.
An inability to attract and retain qualified personnel, and in particular, engineers, project managers, and skilled craft workers, could impact our ability to perform on our contracts, which could harm our business and impair our future revenue and profitability.
We initiated workforce reductions during the COVID-19 pandemic as demand for our services declined. Once the demand for our services increases, our ability to attract and retain qualified engineers, project managers, skilled craftsmen and other experienced professionals in accordance with our need will be an important factor in our ability to maintain profitability and grow our business. The market for these professionals is competitive, particularly during periods of economic growth when the supply is limited. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to retain or attract qualified personnel when needed. Therefore, when we anticipate or experience growing demand for our services, we may incur additional cost to maintain a professional staff in excess of our current contract needs in an effort to have sufficient qualified personnel available to address this anticipated demand. If we do incur additional compensation and benefit costs, our customer contracts may not allow us to pass through these costs.
Competent and experienced engineers, project estimators, project managers, and craft workers are especially critical to the profitable performance of our contracts, particularly on our fixed-price contracts where superior design and execution of the project can result in profits greater than originally estimated or where inferior design and project execution can reduce or eliminate estimated profits or even result in a loss.

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Our project managers are involved in most aspects of contracting and contract execution, including:
supervising the bidding process, including providing estimates of significant cost components, such as material and equipment needs, and the size, productivity and composition of the workforce;
negotiating contracts;
supervising project performance, including performance by our employees, subcontractors and other third-party suppliers and vendors;
estimating costs for completion of contracts that is used to estimate amounts that can be reported as revenue and earnings on the contract under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting;
negotiating requests for change orders and the final terms of approved change orders; and
determining and documenting claims by us for increased costs incurred due to the failure of customers, subcontractors and other third-party suppliers of equipment and materials to perform on a timely basis and in accordance with contract terms.
Our results of operations depend upon the award of new contracts and the timing of those awards.
Our revenue is derived primarily from contracts awarded on a project-by-project basis. Generally, it is difficult to predict whether and when we will be awarded a new contract due to lengthy and complex bidding and selection processes, changes in existing or forecasted market conditions, customers' access to financing, governmental regulations, permitting and environmental matters. Because our revenue are derived from contract awards, our results of operations and cash flows can fluctuate materially from period to period.
The uncertainty associated with the timing of contract awards may reduce our short-term profitability as we balance our current capacity with expectations of future contract awards. If an expected contract award is delayed or not received, we could incur costs to maintain an idle workforce that may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. Alternatively, we may decide that our long-term interests are best served by reducing our workforce and incurring increased costs associated with severance and termination benefits, which also could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period incurred. Reducing our workforce could also impact our results of operations if we are unable to adequately staff projects that are awarded subsequent to a workforce reduction.
Demand for our products and services is cyclical and is vulnerable to the level of capital and maintenance spending of our customers and to downturns in the industries and markets we serve, as well as conditions in the general economy.
The demand for our products and services depends upon the existence of construction and maintenance projects primarily in the midstream and downstream petroleum, power and other heavy industries in the United States and Canada. Therefore, it is likely that our business will continue to be cyclical in nature and vulnerable to general downturns in the United States, Canadian and world economies and negative changes in commodity prices, which could adversely affect the demand for our products and services.
The availability of engineering and construction projects is dependent upon economic conditions in the oil, natural gas, petrochemical, industrial, and power industries, and specifically, the level of capital expenditures on energy infrastructure. A prolonged period of relatively low commodity prices in North America has had an adverse impact on the level of capital expenditures of our customers and/or their ability to finance these expenditures. Our failure to obtain projects, the delay of project awards, the cancellation of projects or delays in the execution of contracts has resulted and may continue to result in under-utilization of our resources, which could adversely impact our revenue, margins, operating results and cash flow. There are numerous factors beyond our control that influence the level of maintenance and capital expenditures of our customers, including:
current or projected commodity prices, including oil, natural gas, power and mineral prices;
the demand for alternative energy products;
refining margins;
the demand for oil, natural gas and electricity;
the ability of oil, natural gas, industrial and power companies to generate, access and deploy capital;

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exploration, production and transportation costs;
interest rates;
the discovery rate, size and location of new oil and natural gas reserves;
technological challenges and advances;
ability to export hydrocarbon products;
tax incentives, including those for alternative energy projects;
regulatory restraints on the rates that power companies may charge their customers; and
local, national and international political and economic conditions.
The volume of storage related projects is influenced by the overall forward market for crude oil, and certain market conditions may adversely affect financial and operating results.
Our results may be influenced by the overall forward market for crude oil. A “contango” market (meaning that the price of crude oil for future delivery is higher than the current price) is associated with greater demand for crude oil storage capacity, because a party can simultaneously purchase crude oil at current prices for storage and sell at higher prices for future delivery. A “backwardated” market (meaning that the price of crude oil for future delivery is lower than the current price) is associated with lower demand for crude oil storage capacity, because a party can capture a premium for prompt delivery of crude oil rather than storing it for future sale. A prolonged backwardated market or other adverse market conditions could have an adverse impact on demand for new storage related construction. Finally, higher absolute levels of crude oil prices increase the costs of financing and insuring crude oil in storage, which negatively affects storage economics. As a result, the overall forward market for crude oil may have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The terms of our contracts could expose us to unforeseen costs and costs not within our control, which may not be recoverable and could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
A significant amount of our work is performed under fixed price contracts. Under fixed-price contracts, we agree to perform the contract for a fixed price and, as a result, can improve our expected profit by superior execution, productivity, workplace safety and other factors resulting in cost savings. However, we could incur cost overruns above the approved contract price, which may not be recoverable. Under certain incentive fixed-price contracts, we may agree to share with a customer a portion of any savings we generate while the customer agrees to bear a portion of any increased costs we may incur up to a negotiated ceiling. To the extent costs exceed the negotiated ceiling price, we may be required to absorb some or all of the cost overruns.
Fixed-price contract prices are established based largely upon estimates and assumptions relating to project scope and specifications, personnel and productivity, material needs, and site conditions. These estimates and assumptions may prove inaccurate, or conditions may change due to factors out of our control, resulting in cost overruns, which we may be required to absorb and which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our profits from these contracts could decrease or we could experience losses if we incur difficulties in performing the contracts or are unable to secure fixed-pricing commitments from our manufacturers, suppliers and subcontractors at the time we enter into fixed-price contracts with our customers.
Under cost-plus and time-and-material contracts, we perform our services in return for payment of our agreed upon reimbursable costs plus a profit. The profit component is typically expressed in the contract either as a percentage of the reimbursable costs we actually incur or is factored into the rates we charge for labor or for the cost of equipment and materials, if any, we are required to provide. Our profit could be negatively impacted if our actual costs exceed the estimated costs utilized to establish the billing rates included in the contracts.
We may incur significant costs in providing services in excess of original project scope without having an approved change order.
After commencement of a contract, we may perform, without the benefit of an approved change order from the customer, additional services requested by the customer that were not contemplated in our contract price for various reasons, including customer changes or incomplete or inaccurate engineering, changes in project specifications and other similar information provided to us by the customer. Our construction contracts generally require the customer to compensate us for additional work or expenses incurred under these circumstances.

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A failure to obtain adequate compensation for these matters could require us to record in the current period an adjustment to revenue and profit recognized in prior periods under the percentage-of-completion accounting method. Any such adjustments, if substantial, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition, particularly for the period in which such adjustments are made. We can provide no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining, through negotiation, arbitration, litigation or otherwise, approved change orders in an amount adequate to compensate us for our additional work or expenses.
Domestic and Foreign trade tariffs could raise the price and reduce the availability of raw materials to us, which could negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.
Domestic and foreign trade tariffs could raise the price and reduce the availability of raw materials such as steel plate and steel pipe, which are key materials used by us. Supplies of these materials are available throughout the United States and globally from numerous sources. We anticipate that adequate amounts of these materials will be available in the foreseeable future. However, if trade tariffs should significantly impact the price and availability of these materials, we could experience lower gross margins, operational inefficiencies and project delays.
We are exposed to credit risk from customers. If we experience delays and/or defaults in customer payments, we could suffer liquidity problems or we could be unable to recover amounts owed to us.
Under the terms of our contracts, at times we commit resources to customer projects prior to receiving payments from customers in amounts sufficient to cover expenditures on these projects as they are incurred. Many of our fixed-price or cost-plus contracts require us to satisfy specified progress milestones or performance standards in order to receive a payment. Under these types of arrangements, we may incur significant costs for labor, equipment and supplies prior to receipt of payment. If the customer fails or refuses to pay us for any reason, there is no assurance we will be able to collect amounts due to us for costs previously incurred. In some cases, we may find it necessary to terminate subcontracts with suppliers engaged by us to assist in performing a contract, and we may incur costs or penalties for canceling our commitments to them. Delays in customer payments require an investment in working capital. If we are unable to collect amounts owed to us under our contracts, we may be required to record a charge against previously recognized earnings related to the project, and our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our backlog is subject to unexpected fluctuations, adjustments and cancellations and does not include the full value of our long-term maintenance contracts, and therefore, may not be a reliable indicator of our future earnings.
Backlog may not be a reliable indicator of our future performance. We cannot guarantee that the revenue projected in our backlog will be realized or profitable. Projects may remain in our backlog for an extended period of time. In addition, project cancellations or scope adjustments may occur from time to time with respect to contracts included in our backlog that could reduce the dollar amount of our backlog and the revenue and profits that we actually earn. Many of our contracts have termination rights. Therefore, project adjustments may occur from time to time to contracts in our backlog.
The loss of one or more of our significant customers could adversely affect us.
One or more customers have in the past and may in the future contribute a material portion of our revenue in any one year. Because these significant customers generally contract with us for specific projects or for specific periods of time, we may lose these customers from year to year as the projects or maintenance contracts are completed. The loss of business from any one of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.
Our business may be affected by difficult work sites and environments, which may adversely affect our overall business.
We perform our work under a variety of conditions, including, but not limited to, difficult terrain, difficult site conditions and busy urban centers where delivery of materials and availability of labor may be impacted. Performing work under these conditions can slow our progress, potentially causing us to incur contractual liability to our customers. These difficult conditions may also cause us to incur additional, unanticipated costs that we might not be able to pass on to our customers.


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We are susceptible to severe weather conditions as a result of climate change or otherwise, which may harm our business and financial results.
Our business may be adversely affected by severe weather in areas where we have significant operations. Repercussions of severe weather conditions may include:
curtailment of services;
suspension of operations;
inability to meet performance schedules in accordance with contracts and potential liability for liquidated damages;
injuries or fatalities;
weather related damage to our facilities or work-in-progress on project sites;
disruption of information systems;
inability to receive machinery, equipment and materials at job sites; and
loss of productivity.
The frequency and severity of severe weather conditions may be enhanced by present and future changes to our climate.
We contribute to multiemployer plans that could result in liabilities to us if those plans are terminated or if we withdraw from those plans.

We contribute to several multiemployer pension plans for employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. These plans are not administered by us and contributions are determined in accordance with provisions of negotiated labor contracts. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended by the Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980, imposes certain liabilities upon employers who are contributors to a multiemployer plan in the event of the employer’s withdrawal from, or upon termination of, such plan. In fiscal 2021, we incurred withdrawal liability to one multiemployer plan due to our strategic initiative to exit the domestic iron and steel industry. If we terminate, withdraw, or partially withdraw from other multiemployer pension plans, we could be required to make significant cash contributions to fund that plan's unfunded vested benefit, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations; however, we are not currently able to determine the net assets and actuarial present value of the multiemployer pension plans’ unfunded vested benefits allocable to us, if any, and we are not presently aware of the amounts, if any, for which we may be contingently liable if we were to withdraw from any of these plans. In addition, if the funding level of any of these multiemployer plans becomes classified as “critical status” under the Pension Protection Act of 2006, we could be required to make significant additional contributions to those plans.

A failure or outage in our operational systems or cyber security attacks on any of our systems, or those of third parties, may adversely affect our financial results.

We have become more reliant on technology to help increase efficiency in our business. We use numerous technologies to help run our operations, and this may subject our business to increased risks. Any cyber security attack that affects our facilities, our systems, our customers and any of our financial data could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, a cyber-attack on our customer and employee data may result in a financial loss, including potential fines for failure to safeguard data, and may damage our reputation. Third-party systems on which we rely could also suffer system failure. Any of these occurrences could disrupt our business, result in potential liability or reputational damage or otherwise have an adverse effect on our financial results.

We have experienced cybersecurity threats to our information technology infrastructure and have experienced cyber-attacks, attempts to breach our systems and other similar incidents. Such prior events have not had a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, future threats could cause harm to our business and our reputation, as well as negatively impact our results of operations materially. Our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all the costs related to cyber-attacks or disruptions resulting from such events.



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Any security breach resulting in the unauthorized use or disclosure of certain personal information could put individuals at risk of identity theft and financial or other harm and result in costs to us in investigation, remediation, legal defense and in liability to parties who are financially harmed. We may incur significant costs to protect against the threat of information security breaches or to respond to or alleviate problems caused by such breaches. For example, laws may require notification to regulators, clients or employees and enlisting credit monitoring or identity theft protection in the event of a privacy breach. A cybersecurity attack could also be directed at our systems and result in interruptions in our operations or delivery of services to our clients and their customers. Furthermore, a material security breach could cause us to lose revenue, lose clients or cause damage to our reputation.

To reduce organizational risk from cybersecurity threats, we carry cyber liability insurance and have undertaken several initiatives in recent years. We strengthened our identity and access management capabilities by requiring multi-factor authentication, increased the threat detection efficiencies within our security information and event management capacity, and completed projects designed to reduce our organization's external attack surface. In addition, in the area of security awareness and training, we have updated our foundational curriculum, established mandatory recurring training requirements, and commenced periodic phishing campaign assessments.

We rely on internally and externally developed software applications and systems to support critical functions including project management, estimating, scheduling, human resources, accounting, and financial reporting. Any sudden loss, disruption or unexpected costs to maintain these systems could significantly increase our operational expense as well as disrupt the management of our business operations.

We rely on various software systems to conduct our critical operating and administrative functions. We depend on our software vendors to provide long-term software maintenance support for our information systems. Software vendors may decide to discontinue further development, integration or long-term software maintenance support for our information systems, in which case we may need to abandon one or more of our current information systems and migrate some or all of our project management, human resources, estimating, scheduling, accounting and financial information to other systems, thus increasing our operational expense as well as disrupting the management of our business operations.
Accounting Risks
Our use of percentage-of-completion accounting for fixed-price contracts and our reporting of profits for cost-plus contracts prior to contract completion could result in a reduction or elimination of previously reported profits.
Our revenue are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. Under percentage-of-completion accounting, contract revenue and earnings are recognized ratably over the contract term based on the proportion of actual costs incurred to total estimated costs. In addition, some contracts contain penalty provisions for failure to achieve certain milestones, schedules or performance standards. We review our estimates of contract revenue, costs and profitability on a monthly basis. As a result, we may adjust our estimates on one or more occasions as a result of changes in cost estimates, change orders to the original contract, or claims against the customer for increased costs incurred by us due to customer-induced delays and other factors.
If estimates of costs to complete fixed price contracts indicate a loss, a provision is made through a contract write-down for the total loss anticipated in the period the loss is determined. Contract profit estimates are also adjusted, on a percentage of completion basis, in the fiscal period in which it is determined that an adjustment is required. No restatements are made to prior periods. Further, many of our contracts contain various cost and performance incentives and penalties that impact the earnings we realize from our contracts, and adjustments related to these incentives and penalties are recorded on a percentage of completion basis in the period when estimable and probable.
As a result of the requirements of the percentage-of-completion method of accounting, the possibility exists that we could have estimated and reported a profit on a contract over several prior periods and later determine, as a result of additional information, that all or a portion of such previously estimated and reported profits were overstated. If this occurs, the full aggregate amount of the overstatement will be reported for the period in which such change in estimate occurs.
Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions that we use to prepare our financial statements.
To prepare financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, management is required to make estimates and assumptions, as of the date of the financial statements, which affect the reported values of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Areas requiring significant estimation by our management include:

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contract costs and application of percentage-of-completion accounting;
provisions for uncollectible receivables from customers for invoiced amounts;
the amount and collectibility of unpriced change orders and claims against customers;
provisions for income taxes and related valuation allowances;
recoverability of goodwill and intangible assets;
valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with business combinations; and
accruals for estimated liabilities, including litigation and insurance reserves.
Our actual results could materially differ from these estimates.
Earnings for future periods may be affected by impairment charges.
Because we have grown in part through acquisitions, goodwill and other acquired intangible assets represent a substantial portion of our assets. We perform annual goodwill impairment reviews in the fourth quarter of every fiscal year. In addition, we perform an impairment review whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill or an intangible or fixed asset may not be recoverable. As of June 30, 2021, we had $6.6 million of amortizing intangible assets and $60.6 million of non-amortizing goodwill representing 1.4% and 13.0% of our total assets, respectively.
Legal, Insurance, Regulatory and Compliance Risks
We are involved, and are likely to continue to be involved in legal proceedings, which will increase our costs and, if adversely determined, could have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We are currently a defendant in legal proceedings arising from the operation of our business, and it is reasonable to expect that we would be named in future actions. Many of the actions against us arise out of the normal course of performing services on project sites, and include workers’ compensation claims, personal injury claims and contract disputes with our customers. From time to time, we are also named as a defendant for actions involving the violation of federal and state labor laws related to employment practices, wages and benefits. We may also be a plaintiff in legal proceedings against customers seeking to recover payment of contractual amounts due to us as well as claims for increased costs incurred by us resulting from, among other things, services performed by us at the request of a customer that are in excess of original project scope that are later disputed by the customer and customer-caused delays in our contract performance.
We maintain insurance against operating hazards in amounts that we believe are customary in our industry. However, our insurance policies include deductibles and certain coverage exclusions, so we cannot provide assurance that we are adequately insured against all of the risks associated with the conduct of our business. A successful claim brought against us in excess of, or outside of, our insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Litigation, regardless of its outcome, is expensive, typically diverts the efforts of our management away from operations for varying periods of time, and can disrupt or otherwise adversely impact our relationships with current or potential customers, subcontractors and suppliers. Payment and claim disputes with customers may also cause us to incur increased interest costs resulting from incurring indebtedness under our revolving line of credit or receiving less interest income resulting from fewer funds invested due to the failure to receive payment for disputed claims and accounts.
Our projects expose us to potential professional liability, product liability, pollution liability, warranty and other claims, which could be expensive, damage our reputation and harm our business. We may not be able to obtain or maintain adequate insurance to cover these claims.
We perform construction and maintenance services at large industrial facilities where accidents or system failures can be disastrous and costly. Any catastrophic occurrence in excess of our insurance limits at locations engineered or constructed by us or where our products are installed or services performed could result in significant professional liability, product liability, warranty and other claims against us by our customers, including claims for cost overruns and the failure of the project to meet contractually specified milestones or performance standards. Further, the rendering of our services on these projects could expose us to risks and claims by third parties and governmental agencies for personal injuries, property damage and environmental matters, among others. Any claim, regardless of its merit or eventual outcome, could result in substantial costs, divert management’s attention and create negative publicity, particularly for claims relating to environmental matters where the

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amount of the claim could be extremely large. We may not be able to or may choose not to obtain or maintain insurance coverage for the types of claims described above. If we are unable to obtain insurance at an acceptable cost or otherwise protect against the claims described above, we will be exposed to significant liabilities, which may materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Employee, subcontractor or partner misconduct or our overall failure to comply with laws or regulations could harm our reputation, damage our relationships with customers, reduce our revenue and profits, and subject us to criminal and civil enforcement actions.
Misconduct, fraud, non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations, or other improper activities by one of our employees, subcontractors or partners could have a significant negative impact on our business and reputation.  Such misconduct could include the failure to comply with safety standards, laws and regulations, customer requirements, regulations pertaining to the internal controls over financial reporting, environmental laws and any other applicable laws or regulations.  The precautions we take to prevent and detect these activities may not be effective, since our internal controls are subject to inherent limitations, including human error, the possibility that controls could be circumvented or become inadequate because of changed conditions, and fraud.
Our failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations or acts of misconduct could subject us to fines and penalties, harm our reputation, damage our relationships with customers, reduce our revenue and profits and subject us to criminal and civil enforcement actions.
Environmental factors and changes in laws and regulations could increase our costs and liabilities.
Our operations are subject to environmental laws and regulations, including those concerning emissions into the air; discharges into waterways; generation, storage, handling, treatment and disposal of hazardous material and wastes; and health and safety.
Our projects often involve highly regulated materials, including hazardous wastes. Environmental laws and regulations generally impose limitations and standards for regulated materials and require us to obtain permits and comply with various other requirements. The improper characterization, handling, or disposal of regulated materials or any other failure by us to comply with federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations or associated environmental permits could subject us to the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the imposition of investigatory or remedial obligations, or the issuance of injunctions that could restrict or prevent our ability to operate our business and complete contracted projects.
In addition, under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”), and comparable state and foreign laws, we may be required to investigate and remediate regulated materials. CERCLA and the comparable state laws typically impose liability without regard to whether a company knew of or caused the release, and liability for the entire cost of clean-up can be imposed upon any responsible party.
We are subject to numerous other laws and regulations including those related to business registrations and licenses, environment, workplace, employment, health and safety. These laws and regulations are complex, change frequently and could become more stringent in the future. It is impossible to predict the effect on us of any future changes to these laws and regulations. We can provide no absolute assurance that our operations will continue to comply with future laws and regulations or that the costs to comply with these laws and regulations and/or a failure to comply with these laws will not significantly adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of “greenhouse gases” could result in reduced demand for our services and products. 
There has been an increased focus in the last several years on climate change in response to findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases present an endangerment to public health and the environment. As a result, there have been a variety of regulatory developments, proposals or requirements and legislative initiatives as well as pressure from institutional investors to restrict the emission of greenhouse gases. The growing imperative on customers for whom we provide services to limit greenhouse gas emissions could affect demand for our products and services. Further, scientists have concluded that increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may produce physical effects, such as increased severity and frequency of storms, droughts, floods and other climate events. Such climate events have the potential to adversely affect our operations or those of our customers, which in turn could have a negative effect on us.


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We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws.
The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to officials or others for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. We operate in parts of the world that have experienced corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. We train our personnel concerning anti-bribery laws and issues, and we also inform our customers, vendors, and others who work for us or on our behalf that they must comply with anti-bribery law requirements. We also have procedures and controls in place to monitor compliance. We cannot assure that our internal controls and procedures always will protect us from the possible reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. If we are found to be liable for anti-bribery law violations (either due to our own acts or our inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others including our partners, agents, subcontractors or suppliers), we could suffer from criminal or civil penalties or other sanctions, including contract cancellations or debarment, and loss of reputation, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. Litigation or investigations relating to alleged or suspected violations of anti-bribery laws, even if ultimately such litigation or investigations demonstrate that we did not violate anti-bribery laws, could be costly and could divert management's attention away from other aspects of our business.
Economic, political and other risks associated with international operations could adversely affect our business.
A portion of our operations are conducted outside the United States, and accordingly, our business is subject to risks associated with doing business internationally, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates, instability in political or economic conditions, difficulty in repatriating cash proceeds, differing employee relations, differing regulatory environments, trade protection measures, and difficulty in administering and enforcing corporate policies which may be different than the normal business practices of local cultures.
General Risk Factors
Acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses, and unidentified liabilities and risks associated with entering new markets. We may also be unable to profitably integrate and operate these businesses.
Any future acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses, unexpected liabilities and other risks in addition to the integration and consolidation risks. If we make any future acquisitions, we will likely assume liabilities of the acquired business or have exposure to contingent liabilities that may not be adequately covered by insurance or indemnification, if any, from the former owners of the acquired business. These potential liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We may also not be able to successfully complete our ongoing integration of the operations, personnel and technology from our acquisitions. Because of their size and complexity, if we fail to complete our integration efforts successfully, we may experience interruptions in our business activities, a decrease in the quality of our services, a deterioration in our employee and customer relationships, and harm to our reputation, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our integration activities have required significant attention from management, which potentially decreases the time that management may devote to serve existing customers, attract new customers and develop new services and strategies. We may also experience difficulties in combining corporate cultures, maintaining employee morale and retaining key employees. The integration efforts may also impose substantial demands on our operations or other projects. We will have to actively strive to demonstrate to our existing customers that these integrations have not resulted in adverse changes in our standards or business focus. Our acquisitions have involved a significant capital commitment, and the return that we achieve on any capital invested may be less than the return achieved on our other projects or investments. There will be challenges in consolidating and rationalizing information technology platforms and administrative infrastructures. In addition, any delays or increased costs of integrating acquired companies could adversely affect our operations, financial results and liquidity.
We may not realize the growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies that are anticipated from acquisitions.
The benefits we expect to achieve as a result of an acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize the anticipated growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies. Our success in realizing these growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies, and the timing of this realization, depends on the successful integration of the acquired business and operations with our existing business and operations. Even if we are able to integrate existing and acquired businesses successfully, this integration may not result in the realization of the full benefits of the growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies we currently expect within the anticipated time frame or at all. Accordingly, the benefits from an acquisition may be offset by

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costs incurred or delays in integrating the companies, which could cause our revenue assumptions and operating margin to be inaccurate.
We face substantial competition in each of our business segments, which may have a material adverse effect on our business.
We face competition in all areas of our business from regional, national and international competitors. Our competitors range from small, family-owned businesses to well-established, well-financed entities, both privately and publicly held, including many large engineering and construction companies and specialty contractors. We compete primarily on the basis of price, customer satisfaction, safety performance and programs, quality of our products and services, and schedule. As a result, an increase in the level of competition in one or more markets may result in lower operating margins than we have recently experienced.
Our common stock, which is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations could continue in the future, and our stockholders may not be able to resell their shares of common stock at or above the purchase price paid.
The market price of our common stock may change significantly in response to various factors and events beyond our control, including the following:
the risk factors described in this Item 1A;
general conditions in our customers’ industries;
general conditions in the security markets;
the significant concentration of ownership of our common stock in the hands of a small number of institutional investors;
a shortfall in operating revenue or net income from that expected by securities analysts and investors; and
changes in securities analysts’ estimates of our financial performance or the financial performance of our competitors or companies in our industry.
Some companies that have volatile market prices for their securities have been subject to security class action suits filed against them. If a suit were to be filed against us, regardless of the outcome, it could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Future sales of our common stock may depress our stock price.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market or otherwise, either by us, a member of management or a major stockholder, or the perception that these sales could occur, could depress the market price of our common stock and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities.
We may issue additional equity securities, which could lead to dilution of our issued and outstanding stock.
The issuance of additional common stock, restricted stock units or securities convertible into our common stock could result in dilution of the ownership interest held by existing stockholders. We are authorized to issue, without stockholder approval 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, in one or more series, which may give other stockholders dividend, conversion, voting, and liquidation rights, among other rights, which may be superior to the rights of holders of our common stock. In addition, we are authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, a significant number of additional shares of our common stock and securities convertible into either common stock or preferred stock. 


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Shareholder activists could cause a disruption to our business.
An activist investor may indicate disagreement with our strategic direction or capital allocation policies and may seek representation on our Board of Directors. Our business, operating results or financial condition could be adversely affected and may result in, among other things:

increased operating costs, including increased legal expenses, insurance, administrative expenses and associated costs incurred in connection with director election contests;
uncertainties as to our future direction, which could result in the loss of potential business opportunities and could make it more difficult to attract, retain, or motivate qualified personnel, and strain relationships with investors and customers; and
reduction or delay in our ability to effectively execute our current business strategy and to implement new strategies.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None

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Item 2. Properties
Our principal properties are as follows:
Location  Description of Facility  Segment  Interest
United States:
Tulsa, Oklahoma  Corporate headquarters and regional office  All segments  Leased
Bellingham, Washington  Regional office, fabrication facility and warehouse  Process and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal Solutions  Owned
Broomall, Pennsylvania  Regional office  All segments  Leased
Catoosa, Oklahoma  Fabrication facility, regional offices and warehouses  All segments  
    Leased & Owned (1)
Columbus, OhioRegional officeAll segmentsLeased
Houston, Texas  Regional offices and warehouse  All segments  Leased & Owned
Norco, CaliforniaRegional office and warehouseProcess and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal SolutionsLeased
Orange, California  Fabrication facility, regional office and warehouse  Process and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal Solutions  Leased & Owned
Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaRegional officeAll segmentsLeased
Somerset, New Jersey  Regional office and warehouse  Utility and Power Infrastructure, Process and Industrial Facilities  Leased
Temperance, Michigan  Regional office and warehouse  Storage and Terminal Solutions  Owned
Tucson, Arizona  Regional office and warehouse  Process and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal Solutions  Leased
International:
Burlington, Ontario, CanadaRegional officeAll segmentsOwned
Leduc, Alberta, CanadaRegional office and warehouseStorage and Terminal SolutionsLeased
Sarnia, Ontario, Canada  Regional office and warehouse  Storage and Terminal Solutions  Owned
Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do, South KoreaFabrication facility, regional office and warehouseStorage and Terminal SolutionsOwned
Sydney, New South Wales, AustraliaRegional officeStorage and Terminal SolutionsLeased

(1)We constructed certain facilities on land acquired through ground leases with renewal options.

In addition to the locations listed above, we have smaller regional locations and temporary office facilities at numerous customer locations throughout the United States and Canada. 

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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We are a party to a number of legal proceedings. We believe that the nature and number of these proceedings are typical for a company of our size engaged in our type of business and that none of these proceedings will result in a material effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or liquidity.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Section 1503 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act") requires domestic mine operators to disclose violations and orders issued under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (the "Mine Act") by the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration. We do not act as owner of any mines, but as a result of our performing services or construction at mine sites as an independent contractor, we may be considered an "operator" within the meaning of the Mine Act.
Information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required to be disclosed in this annual report under Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K is included in Exhibit 95 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Market Information
Our common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol "MTRX". Substantially all of our stockholders maintain their shares in "street name" accounts and are not individually stockholders of record. As of July 31, 2021, there were 20 holders of record of our common stock.
Dividend Policy
We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock and the terms of our Credit Agreement limit dividends to stock dividends only (see Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 5 - Debt for more information about our Credit Agreement). Any future dividend payments will depend on the terms of our Credit Agreement, our financial condition, capital requirements and earnings as well as other relevant factors.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The terms of our Credit Agreement limit share repurchases to $2.5 million per fiscal year provided that that we do not violate our Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio financial covenant. We may repurchase common stock pursuant to the Stock Buyback Program, which was approved by the board of directors in November 2018. Under the program, the aggregate number of shares repurchased may not exceed 2,707,175 shares. We may repurchase our stock from time to time in the open market at prevailing market prices or in privately negotiated transactions and are not obligated to purchase any shares. The program will continue unless and until it is modified or revoked by the Board of Directors. We made no repurchases under the program in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021 and have no current plans to repurchase stock in the near-term. As of June 30, 2021, there were 1,349,037 shares available for purchase under the Stock Buyback Program.
Performance Graph
The following Performance Graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such filing.
The following graph compares, for the period from June 30, 2016 to June 30, 2021, the cumulative stockholder return on our common stock with the cumulative total return of the NASDAQ Composite Index, the Dow Jones U.S. Heavy Construction Index, and the S&P Construction & Engineering Index. We intend to replace the S&P Construction & Engineering Index with the Dow Jones U.S. Heavy Construction Index beginning in fiscal 2022 to be more consistent with the indexes to which our peers compare themselves.
The graph below assumes an investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) in our common stock, the NASDAQ Composite Index, the Dow Jones U.S. Heavy Construction Index, and the S&P Construction & Engineering Index on June 30, 2016 and tracks their relative performance through June 30, 2021. The stock price performance reflected in the following graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock performance.

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mtrx-20210630_g1.jpg
June 30,
201620172018201920202021
Matrix Service Company$100.00 $56.70 $111.28 $122.86 $58.94 $63.67 
NASDAQ Composite$100.00 $128.30 $158.57 $170.91 $216.96 $315.10 
S&P Construction & Engineering$100.00 $110.34 $121.21 $126.69 $128.70 $225.71 
Dow Jones US Heavy Construction$100.00 $106.22 $114.10 $120.55 $104.68 $190.54 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data


Selected Financial Data
(In thousands, except percentages and per share data)
 Fiscal Years Ended
 June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2019
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2017
Revenue$673,398 $1,100,938 $1,416,680 $1,091,553 $1,197,509 
Cost of revenue640,633 998,762 1,284,729 999,617 1,116,506 
Gross profit32,765 102,176 131,951 91,936 81,003 
Gross margin %4.9 %9.3 %9.3 %8.4 %6.8 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses69,756 86,276 94,021 84,417 76,144 
Selling, general and administrative %10.4 %7.8 %6.6 %7.7 %6.4 %
Intangible asset impairments and restructuring costs6,756 52,525 — 17,998 — 
Operating income (loss)(43,747)(36,625)37,930 (10,479)4,859 
Operating income (loss) %(6.5)%(3.3)%2.7 %(1.0)%0.4 %
Net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company(31,224)(33,074)27,982 (11,480)(183)
Earnings (loss) per share-basic(1.18)(1.24)1.04 (0.43)(0.01)
Earnings (loss) per share-diluted(1.18)(1.24)1.01 (0.43)(0.01)
Working capital137,817 159,213 141,811 118,581 139,654 
Total assets467,556 517,310 633,394 558,033 586,030 
Long-term debt— 9,208 5,347 — 44,682 
Capital expenditures4,354 18,539 19,558 8,711 11,908 
Cash flows provided (used) by operations(2,971)44,085 41,394 74,671 (18,746)
Backlog462,561 758,465 1,098,349 1,218,596 682,273 


Refer to the Results of Operations section included in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of the operating results for the fiscal year ended 2021 in comparison to the fiscal year ended 2020.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). GAAP represents a comprehensive set of accounting and disclosure rules and requirements, the application of which requires management judgments and estimates including, in certain circumstances, choices between acceptable GAAP alternatives. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, if any, at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Note 1- Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, contains a comprehensive summary of our significant accounting policies. The following is a discussion of our most critical accounting policies, estimates, judgments and uncertainties that are inherent in our application of GAAP.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Change in Reportable Segments
Due to changing markets facing our clients and to better align our financial reporting with our long-term strategic growth areas, we began reporting our financial results under new reportable segments effective July 1, 2020. The new reportable segments along with a description of each are as follows:
Utility and Power Infrastructure: consists of power delivery services provided to investor owned utilities, including construction of new substations, upgrades of existing substations, transmission and distribution line installations, upgrades and maintenance, as well as emergency and storm restoration services. We also provide construction and maintenance services to a variety of power generation facilities, including natural gas fired facilities in simple or combined cycle configuration and provide engineering, fabrication, and construction services for LNG utility peak shaving facilities.
Process and Industrial Facilities: primarily serves customers in the downstream and midstream petroleum industries who are engaged in refining crude oil and processing, fractionating, and marketing of natural gas and natural gas liquids. We also serve customers in various other industries such as petrochemical, sulfur, mining and minerals companies engaged primarily in the extraction of non-ferrous metals, aerospace and defense, cement, agriculture, and other industrial customers. Our services include plant maintenance, turnarounds, industrial cleaning services, engineering, fabrication, and capital construction.
Storage and Terminal Solutions: consists of work related to aboveground storage tanks and terminals. We also include work related to cryogenic and other specialty storage tanks and terminals, including LNG, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen, liquid petroleum, hydrogen and other specialty vessels such as spheres in this segment, as well work related to marine structures and truck and rail loading/offloading facilities. Our services include engineering, fabrication, construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services for both tanks and full terminals. Finally, we offer tank products, including geodesic domes, aluminum internal floating roofs, floating suction and skimmer systems, roof drain systems and floating roof seals.

All prior period segment information has been restated to conform with our new reportable segments. In addition, beginning July 1, 2020, we separately report corporate selling, general and administrative expenses and other corporate expenses that were previously allocated to the segments.

Overview
The majority of the work for all segments is performed in the United States, with 10.2% of revenue generated internationally during fiscal 2021, 7.3% in fiscal 2020 and 3.4% in fiscal 2019. The percentage of revenue generated internationally increased in fiscal 2021 compared to fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 due to higher levels of work in Canada.
Significant period to period changes in revenue, gross profits and operating results between fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 are discussed below on a consolidated basis and for each segment.



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Matrix Service Company
Results of Operations
(In thousands)
Utility and Power InfrastructureProcess and Industrial FacilitiesStorage and Terminal SolutionsCorporateTotal
Fiscal Year 2021
Consolidated revenue$210,052 $199,917 $263,429 $— $673,398 
Gross profit 1,506 17,642 13,617 — 32,765 
Gross profit %0.7 %8.8 %5.2 %— %4.9 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses9,882 14,756 18,644 26,474 69,756 
Restructuring costs1,312 3,807 1,391 246 6,756 
Operating loss(9,688)(921)(6,418)(26,720)(43,747)
Operating loss %(4.6)%(0.5)%(2.4)%— %(6.5)%
Fiscal Year 2020
Consolidated revenue$212,001 $421,871 $467,066 $— $1,100,938 
Gross profit (loss)7,081 36,349 61,413 (2,667)102,176 
Gross profit %3.3 %8.6 %13.1 %— %9.3 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses10,047 24,266 26,386 25,577 86,276 
Intangible asset impairments and restructuring costs27,625 22,914 1,066 920 52,525 
Operating income (loss)(30,591)(10,831)33,961 (29,164)(36,625)
Operating income (loss) %(14.4)%(2.6)%7.3 %— %(3.3)%
Variances Fiscal Year 2021 to Fiscal Year 2020 Increase/(Decrease)
Consolidated revenue$(1,949)$(221,954)$(203,637)$— $(427,540)
Gross profit (5,575)(18,707)(47,796)2,667 (69,411)
Selling, general and administrative expenses(165)(9,510)(7,742)897 (16,520)
Intangible asset impairments and restructuring costs(26,313)(19,107)325 (674)(45,769)
Operating income (loss)20,903 9,910 (40,379)2,444 (7,122)













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Matrix Service Company
Results of Operations
(In thousands)

Utility and Power InfrastructureProcess and Industrial FacilitiesStorage and Terminal SolutionsCorporateTotal
Fiscal Year 2020
Consolidated revenue$212,001 $421,871 $467,066 $— $1,100,938 
Gross profit (loss)7,081 36,349 61,413 (2,667)102,176 
Gross profit %3.3 %8.6 %13.1 %— %9.3 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses10,047 24,266 26,386 25,577 86,276 
Intangible asset impairments and restructuring costs27,625 22,914 1,066 920 52,525 
Operating income (loss)(30,591)(10,831)33,961 (29,164)(36,625)
Operating income (loss) %(14.4)%(2.6)%7.3 %— %(3.3)%
Fiscal Year 2019
Consolidated revenue$249,867 $654,014 $512,799 $— $1,416,680 
Gross profit (loss)21,161 58,853 54,600 (2,663)131,951 
Gross profit %8.5 %9.0 %10.6 %— %9.3 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses9,842 26,932 30,319 26,928 94,021 
Operating income (loss)11,319 31,921 24,281 (29,591)37,930 
Operating income %4.5 %4.9 %4.7 %— %2.7 %
Variances Fiscal Year 2020 to Fiscal Year 2019 Increase/(Decrease)
Consolidated revenue$(37,866)$(232,143)$(45,733)$— $(315,742)
Gross profit (loss)(14,080)(22,504)6,813 (4)(29,775)
Selling, general and administrative expenses205 (2,666)(3,933)(1,351)(7,745)
Intangible asset impairments and restructuring costs27,625 22,914 1,066 920 52,525 
Operating income (loss)(41,910)(42,752)9,680 427 (74,555)

Operational Update
Throughout the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, our top priority has been to maintain a safe working environment for all field and office employees, customers and business partners. Our project teams, in coordination with our clients, are monitoring the impact of new variants of COVID-19 and continue to operate under enhanced work processes to protect the health and safety of everyone on our job sites.
Since the beginning of the pandemic we have reduced our cost structure in excess of $60 million, or approximately 25%, with a third of those reductions related to SG&A and the rest related to construction overhead, which is included in cost of revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Income. In order to achieve these cost savings, we incurred $14.0 million of restructuring costs during fiscal 2020 and $6.8 million during fiscal 2021. Despite these significant reductions in construction overhead, our revenue volume in fiscal 2021 did not allow for complete recovery of overhead, which reduced gross margin.
In fiscal 2021, we engaged a third party consultant to help us perform a strategic review of our end markets in support of updating our business strategy and to ensure that our organizational structure is properly designed to support our updated strategy. Based on the preliminary results of this review, we believe there are opportunities for us to be more competitive, which will require organizational and process changes and will likely result in additional restructuring costs. We expect to substantially complete this initiative in fiscal 2022.




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In order to more clearly depict our core profitability, the following tables present our operating results after certain adjustments:

Reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Common Share(1)
(In thousands, except per share data)

Fiscal Years Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020June 30, 2019
Net income (loss), as reported$(31,224)$(33,074)$27,982 
Restructuring costs incurred6,756 14,010 — 
Goodwill and intangible asset impairments— 38,515 — 
Tax impact of adjustments and other net tax items(1,739)(8,644)— 
Adjusted net income (loss)$(26,207)$10,807 $27,982 
Loss per fully diluted share, as reported$(1.18)$(1.24)$1.01 
Adjusted earnings (loss) per fully diluted share$(0.99)$0.40 $1.01 
(1)This table presents non-GAAP financial measures of our adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per common share for fiscal 2021, 2020 and 2019. The most directly comparable financial measures are net loss and net loss per diluted share, respectively, presented in the Consolidated Statements of Income. We have presented these non-GAAP financial measures because we believe they more clearly depict our core operating results during the periods presented and provide a more comparable measure of our operating results to other companies considered to be in similar businesses. Since adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per common share are not measures of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, they should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA(1)
 
 Fiscal Years Ended
 June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2019
 (in thousands)
Net income (loss) $(31,224)$(33,074)$27,982 
Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment— 38,515 — 
Restructuring costs6,756 14,010 — 
Stock-based compensation8,156 9,877 11,908 
Interest expense1,559 1,597 1,296 
Provision (benefit) for federal, state and foreign income taxes(12,039)(3,570)10,430 
Depreciation and amortization17,858 19,124 18,224 
Adjusted EBITDA$(8,934)$46,479 $69,840 
(1)This table presents Adjusted EBITDA, which we define as net income (loss) before impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets, restructuring costs, stock-based compensation expense, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, because it is used by the financial community as a method of measuring our performance and of evaluating the market value of companies considered to be in similar businesses. We believe that the line item on our Consolidated Statements of Income entitled “Net income (loss)” is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to Adjusted EBITDA. Since Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, it should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, net earnings as an indicator of operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA, as we calculate it, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. In addition, this measure is not a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. As Adjusted EBITDA excludes certain financial information compared with net income (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, users of this financial information should consider the type of events and transactions that are excluded. Adjusted EBITDA has certain material limitations as follows:

It does not include impairments to goodwill and other intangible assets. While impairments to intangible assets are non-cash expenses in the period recognized, cash or other consideration was still transferred in exchange for the intangible assets in the period of the acquisition. Any measure that excludes impairments to intangible assets has material limitations since these expenses represent the loss of an asset that was acquired in exchange for cash or other assets.

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It does not include restructuring costs. Restructuring costs represent material costs that we incurred and are oftentimes cash expenses. Therefore, any measure that excludes restructuring costs has material limitations.

It does not include stock-based compensation. Stock-based compensation represents material amounts of equity that are awarded to our employees and directors for services rendered. While the expense is non-cash, we release vested shares out of our treasury stock, which has historically been replenished by using cash to periodically repurchase our stock. Therefore, any measure that excludes stock-based compensation has material limitations.

It does not include interest expense. Because we have borrowed money to finance our operations and to acquire businesses, pay commitment fees to maintain our senior secured revolving credit facility, and incur fees to issue letters of credit under the senior secured revolving credit facility, interest expense is a necessary and ongoing part of our costs and has assisted us in generating revenue. Therefore, any measure that excludes interest expense has material limitations.

It does not include income taxes. Because the payment of income taxes is a necessary and ongoing part of our operations, any measure that excludes income taxes has material limitations.

It does not include depreciation or amortization expense. Because we use capital and intangible assets to generate revenue, depreciation and amortization expense is a necessary element of our cost structure. Therefore, any measure that excludes depreciation or amortization expense has material limitations.

Fiscal 2021 Versus Fiscal 2020
Consolidated
Consolidated revenue was $673.4 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to $1.101 billion in fiscal 2020. On a segment basis, revenue decreased for the Process and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal Solutions, and Utility and Power Infrastructure segments by $222.0 million, $203.7 million, and $1.9 million respectively.
Consolidated gross profit was $32.8 million in fiscal 2021 compared to $102.2 million in fiscal 2020. Gross margin was 4.9% in fiscal 2021 compared to 9.3% in fiscal 2020. Gross margins in fiscal 2021 were negatively impacted by lower than forecasted volume, which led to under recovery of construction overhead costs, lower than previously forecasted margins on large capital projects in the Utility and Power Infrastructure and Storage and Terminal Solutions segments, and an unfavorable settlement on a contract dispute in the Storage and Terminal Solutions segment. Gross margins in fiscal 2020 were the result of strong project execution, offset by the under recovery of construction overhead costs due to lower than anticipated revenue volume, particularly in the fourth quarter as the COVID-19 pandemic began impacting our operations.
Consolidated SG&A expenses were $69.8 million in fiscal 2021 compared to $86.3 million in fiscal 2020. The decrease in fiscal 2021 was primarily attributable to implemented cost reductions.
We recorded non-cash goodwill and other intangible asset impairments of $38.5 million during the second quarter of fiscal 2020. See Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 4 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets for more information about the impairments.
As a result of actions taken to reduce our cost structure, we recorded $6.8 million and $14.0 million of restructuring costs in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively. See "Operational Update" in this Results of Operations section and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 14 - Restructuring Costs, for more information.
Interest expense was $1.6 million in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020. Interest income was $0.1 million during fiscal 2021 compared to $1.3 million in fiscal 2020. The decrease in interest income was primarily due to lower interest rates in the current period.
Our effective tax rate for fiscal 2021 was 27.8% compared to 9.7% in fiscal 2020. Through provisions in the CARES Act, we have an income tax benefit of $5.2 million from the ability to carryback the fiscal 2021 federal net operating loss to a period with a higher statutory federal income tax rate. The carryback benefit was offset by $2.8 million of valuation allowances on various deferred tax assets and $1.8 million of excess tax expense related to the vesting of stock-based compensation. The effective tax rate for fiscal 2020 was negatively impacted by $3.1 million of valuation allowances placed on deferred tax assets that were created by net operating loss carryforwards and other tax credits primarily in Canada, the non-deductible portion of the goodwill impairments that would have resulted in a $1.8 million reduction of income tax expense, and $1.7 million of other non-deductible expenses. These negative impacts were partially offset by $1.8 million of research and development and other tax credits.
In fiscal 2021 and 2020, net loss was $31.2 million and $33.1 million, respectively; or $1.18 and $1.24 per fully diluted share, respectively.


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Utility and Power Infrastructure
Revenue for the Utility and Power Infrastructure segment decreased $1.9 million to $210.1 million in fiscal 2021 compared to $212.0 million in fiscal 2020. The decrease is primarily due lower volume of power delivery and power generation work, partially offset by a higher volume of LNG utility peak shaving work.
The segment gross margin was 0.7% in fiscal 2021 compared to 3.3% in fiscal 2020. Our results of operations in fiscal 2021 were materially impacted by increases in the forecasted costs to complete a large capital project. This project reduced gross profit by $5.8 million in fiscal 2021. The changes in estimate were due to lower than previously forecasted productivity caused by excessive rain at the project site, the continuing impact of COVID-19, and rework which led to higher costs and schedule compression. This project was nearly complete at year-end and we are performing start-up and commissioning work in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. In addition, segment gross margin was negatively impacted by low volume, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs. These negative impacts were partially offset by good project execution in the remainder of the segment. The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by poor execution in the first and second quarters, including a lower than previously expected margin on a capital project due to costs to remediate faulty equipment designed by a subcontractor. In addition, low volume led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Process and Industrial Facilities
Revenue for the Process and Industrial Facilities segment was $199.9 million in fiscal 2021 compared to $421.9 million in fiscal 2020. The decrease of $222.0 million is primarily due to our strategic exit from the domestic iron and steel industry in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, lower volume of midstream natural gas projects, and the completion of a small number of major capital projects. The decrease was partially offset by an increase in refinery turnaround and maintenance work, primarily in the fourth quarter.
The segment gross margin was 8.8% in fiscal 2021 compared to 8.6% in fiscal 2020. Segment gross margin in fiscal 2021 was positively impacted by strong project execution and the positive impact of a one-time workers' compensation item recorded in the second quarter, but these positive impacts were partially offset by lower revenue volume, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs. The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was supported by good project execution on both capital and repair and maintenance iron and steel projects in the first and second quarters, partially offset by a lower volume of turnaround work, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Storage and Terminal Solutions
Revenue for the Storage and Terminal Solutions segment was $263.4 million in fiscal 2021 compared to $467.1 million in fiscal 2020, a decrease of $203.7 million. The decrease in segment revenue is primarily a result of lower volume of crude oil tank and terminal capital work and lower repair and maintenance work.
The segment gross margin was 5.2% in fiscal 2021 compared to 13.1% in fiscal 2020. The fiscal 2021 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by increases in the costs to complete a large crude oil terminal project, partially offset by an increase in the estimated recovery of those costs. During the third quarter, we achieved mechanical completion on the project, demobilized and completed our assessment of unpriced change orders. The project's financial impact for fiscal 2021 was a $3.8 million reduction to gross profit. In addition, a settlement on a contract dispute over the construction of a crude oil terminal negatively impacted gross profit by $2.9 million in the fourth quarter. The settlement resulted in a cash receipt of $8.9 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2022, which enabled us to avoid future legal costs and litigation risk. Fiscal 2021 gross margin was also negatively impacted by low volume, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs.
The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was positively impacted by strong project execution on large capital projects and higher volume than fiscal 2021, which resulted in better recovery of construction overhead costs.

Corporate
Unallocated corporate expenses were $26.7 million during fiscal 2021 compared to $29.2 million in the same period last year. The decrease is primarily attributable to cost reductions we implemented.





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Fiscal 2020 Versus Fiscal 2019
Consolidated
Consolidated revenue was $1.101 billion for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, compared to $1.417 billion in fiscal 2019. On a segment basis, revenue decreased for the Process and Industrial Facilities, Storage and Terminal Solutions, and Utility and Power Infrastructure segments by $232.1 million, $45.7 million, and $37.9 million, respectively.
Consolidated gross profit was $102.2 million in fiscal 2020 compared to $132.0 million in fiscal 2019. Gross margin was 9.3% in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019. Gross margins in fiscal 2020 are the result of strong project execution, offset by the under recovery of construction overhead costs due to lower than anticipated revenue volume, particularly in the fourth quarter. Fiscal 2019 was positively impacted by higher revenue volume, which led to an over recovery of construction overhead costs.
Consolidated SG&A expenses were $86.3 million in fiscal 2020 compared to $94.0 million in fiscal 2019. The decrease in fiscal 2020 was primarily attributable to lower incentive compensation due to weaker operating results in fiscal 2020 and savings from the business improvement plan described in Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 14 - Restructuring Costs.
We recorded non-cash goodwill and other intangible asset impairments of $38.5 million during the second quarter of fiscal 2020. See Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 4 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets for more information about the impairments. In addition, we recorded $14.0 million of restructuring costs in the third and fourth quarters of fiscal 2020 due to actions taken under our business improvement plan. See Operational Update in this Results of Operations section and Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 14 - Restructuring Costs, for more information.
Interest expense was $1.6 million in fiscal 2020 and $1.3 million in fiscal 2019. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to a higher average debt balance during fiscal 2020, partially offset by lower interest rates in fiscal 2020. Interest income was $1.3 million during fiscal 2020 compared to $1.2 million in fiscal 2019 due to an increase in our average cash balance during fiscal 2020, partially offset by lower interest rates in fiscal 2020.
Our effective tax rate for fiscal 2020 was 9.7% compared to 27.2% in fiscal 2019. The tax benefit for fiscal 2020 was negatively impacted by a $3.1 million of valuation allowances placed on deferred tax assets that were created by net operating loss carryforwards and other tax credits primarily in Canada, the non-deductible portion of the goodwill impairments that would have resulted in a $1.8 million reduction of income tax expense, and $1.7 million of other non-deductible expenses. These negative impacts were partially offset by $1.8 million of research and development and other tax credits. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2019 was negatively impacted by $4.5 million of valuation allowances placed on net operating loss carryforwards and foreign tax credits generated by our branch operations in Canada, and $1.2 million of non-deductible expenses. These negative impacts were largely offset by the reversal of $3.5 million of branch liabilities associated with the valuation allowances placed on our Canadian branch net operating loss carryforwards and foreign tax credits, $2.0 million of research and development and other tax credits and $0.3 million of excess tax benefits related to the vesting of stock-based compensation. A full analysis of our provision for income taxes is included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 6 - Income Taxes.

In fiscal 2020, net loss was $33.1 million, or $1.24 per fully diluted share, compared to net income of $28.0 million, or $1.01 per fully diluted share, in fiscal 2019.
Utility and Power Infrastructure
Revenue for the Utility and Power Infrastructure segment decreased $37.9 million to $212.0 million in fiscal 2020 compared to $249.9 million in fiscal 2019. The decrease is primarily due to lower volume of power delivery and power generation work. The segment gross margin was 3.3% in fiscal 2020 compared to 8.5% in fiscal 2019. The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by poor execution in the first and second quarters and lower volume throughout the year, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs. The segment gross margin in fiscal 2019 was positively impacted by strong project execution on power generation package work, partially offset by lower than previously forecasted margins on a limited number of power delivery projects and proceeds from the settlement of a customer dispute that were less than previously anticipated.
Process and Industrial Facilities
Revenue for the Process and Industrial Facilities segment was $421.9 million in fiscal 2020 compared to $654.0 million in fiscal 2019. The decrease of $232.1 million is primarily due to our strategic exit from the domestic iron and steel industry in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, and lower volume of turnaround, refinery maintenance, and thermal vacuum chamber work.


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The segment gross margin was 8.6% in fiscal 2020 compared to 9.0% in fiscal 2019. The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by sharply lower volume and under recovery of overhead costs during the second half of the year due to the wind down of the domestic iron and steel business. The fiscal 2019 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by a lower than previously forecasted margin on a thermal vacuum chamber project, partially offset by good project execution in the remainder of the segment and higher volume, which led to the over recovery of construction overhead costs.
Storage and Terminal Solutions
Revenue for the Storage and Terminal Solutions segment was $467.1 million in fiscal 2020 compared to $512.8 million in fiscal 2019, a decrease of $45.7 million. The decrease in segment revenue is primarily a result of lower volume of crude oil tank and terminal capital work. The segment gross margin was 13.1% in fiscal 2020 compared to 10.6% in fiscal 2019. The fiscal 2020 segment gross margin was positively impacted by strong project execution on large capital projects. During the first half of fiscal 2019, the segment gross margin was negatively impacted by the wind down of lower margin work awarded in a highly competitive environment and lower than previously forecasted margins on a limited number of those projects.
Corporate
Unallocated corporate expenses were $29.2 million during fiscal 2020 compared to $29.6 million in the same period last year. The decrease is primarily attributable to cost reductions we implemented in the second half of fiscal 2020.
























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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Overview
We define liquidity as the ongoing ability to pay our liabilities as they become due, fund business operations and meet all monetary contractual obligations. Our primary sources of liquidity as of June 30, 2021 were cash and cash equivalents of $83.9 million and cash flows from operations. On September 9, 2021, we entered into a new Credit Agreement, which had availability of $25.9 million as of the closing date of the agreement. See the "ABL Credit Facility" section below for more information about our new Credit Agreement.
There continues to be significant uncertainty regarding the near- and intermediate-term business impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic and its disruption of our markets. However, we continue to maintain a strong balance sheet, which we believe is sufficient to support our near- to intermediate-term needs. We are taking the following actions:
strategic review of business processes and organizational structure;
proactive management of the cost structure and working capital; and
eliminating all non-critical capital expenditures.
Factors that routinely impact our short-term liquidity and may impact our long-term liquidity include, but are not limited to:

changes in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts and billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs due to contract terms that determine the timing of billings to customers and the collection of those billings:

some cost plus and fixed price customer contracts are billed based on milestones which may require us to incur significant expenditures prior to collections from our customers;

some fixed price customer contracts allow for significant upfront billings at the beginning of a project, which temporarily increases liquidity near term;

time and material contracts are normally billed in arrears. Therefore, we are routinely required to carry these costs until they can be billed and collected; and

some of our large construction projects may require security in the form of letters of credit or significant retentions. The timing of collection of retentions is often uncertain;

other changes in working capital; and

capital expenditures.

Other factors that may impact both short and long-term liquidity include:

contract disputes, which can be significant;

collection issues, including those caused by weak commodity prices, economic slowdowns or other factors which can lead to credit deterioration of our customers;

issuances of letters of credit; and

strategic investments in new operations.



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Other factors that may impact long-term liquidity include:

borrowing constraints under our credit facility and maintaining compliance with all covenants contained in the Credit Agreement;

acquisitions and disposals of businesses; and

purchases of shares under our stock buyback program.
Cash Flows Used by Operating Activities
Cash flows used by operating activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 totaled $3.0 million. Major components of cash flows used by operating activities for the year ending June 30, 2021 are as follows: 

Net Cash Used by Operating Activities
(In thousands)
 
Net loss$(31,224)
Non-cash expenses25,352 
Deferred income tax889 
Cash effect of changes in operating assets and liabilities1,552 
Other460 
Net cash used by operating activities$(2,971)


Cash effect of changes in operating assets and liabilities at June 30, 2021 in comparison to June 30, 2020 include the following:
Accounts receivable, net of credit losses recognized during the period, decreased $11.1 million during fiscal 2021, which increased cash flows from operating activities. The variance is primarily attributable to lower business volume and the timing of billing and collections.

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts ("CIE") decreased $28.8 million, which increased cash flows from operating activities. Billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs and estimated earnings ("BIE") decreased $8.6 million, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. CIE and BIE balances can experience significant fluctuations based on business volume and the timing of when job costs are incurred and the timing of customer billings and payments.

Inventories, income taxes receivable, other current assets, operating right-of-use lease assets and other assets increased $21.8 million during fiscal 2021, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. These operating assets can fluctuate based on the timing of inventory builds and draw-downs, accrual and receipt of income taxes receivable, prepayments of certain expenses, leasing activity, business volume, and other timing differences.

Accounts payable, accrued wages and benefits, accrued insurance, operating lease liabilities and other accrued expenses decreased by $11.7 million during fiscal 2021, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. These operating liabilities can fluctuate based on the timing of vendor payments, accruals, leasing activities, business volume, and other timing differences.

Other liabilities increased by $3.6 million, which increased cash flows from operating activities. This increase was primarily due to deferred payroll tax associated with the CARES Act. See Part II., Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 6 - Income Taxes for more information.

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Cash Flows Used for Investing Activities
Investing activities used $2.3 million of cash in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 primarily due to $4.4 million of capital expenditures, partially offset by $2.1 million of proceeds from other asset sales. Capital expenditures consisted of $2.4 million for facilities, office equipment and software, and $2.0 million for construction, fabrication, and transportation equipment.

Cash Flows Used by Financing Activities
Financing activities used $12.3 million of cash in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 primarily due to the net repayment of $9.8 million on our senior secured revolving credit facility, $1.6 million paid to repurchase our stock for payment of withholding taxes due on equity-based compensation, and $1.3 million paid in fees to amend our former credit agreement.
ABL Credit Facility
On September 9, 2021, we and our primary U.S. and Canada operating subsidiaries entered into an asset-backed credit agreement (the "ABL Facility") as borrowers with Bank of Montreal, as Administrative Agent, Swing-Line Lender, a Letter of Credit Issuer and a Lender. The ABL Facility is guaranteed by substantially all of our remaining U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries. The ABL Facility provides for available borrowings of up to $100.0 million, which may be increased further by an amount not to exceed $15.0 million, subject to certain conditions, including obtaining additional commitments. The ABL Facility is intended to be used for working capital, capital expenditures, issuances of letters of credit and other lawful purposes. Our obligations under the ABL Facility are secured by a first lien on all our assets and the assets of our co-borrowers and guarantors under the ABL Facility.
The maximum amount that we may borrow under the ABL Facility is subject to a borrowing base, which is based on restricted cash plus a percentage of the value of certain accounts receivable, inventory and equipment, reduced for certain reserves. We are required to maintain a minimum of $25.0 million of restricted cash at all times, but such amounts are also included in the borrowing base. At September 9, 2021, availability under the ABL Facility was $25.9 million and there were $43.5 million in letters of credit outstanding. The ABL Facility matures and any outstanding amounts become due and payable on September 9, 2026.
Borrowings under the ABL Facility bear interest through maturity at a variable rate based upon, at our option, an annual rate of either a base rate (“Base Rate”), CDOR rate or a LIBOR rate, plus an applicable margin. The Base Rate is defined as a fluctuating interest rate equal to the greatest of (i) rate of interest announced by Bank of Montreal from time to time as its prime rate; (ii) the U.S. federal funds rate plus 0.50%, and (iii) LIBOR rate for one month period plus 1.00%. Depending on the amount of average availability, the applicable margin is between 1.00% to 1.50% for Base Rate, which includes either U.S. or Canadian prime rate, and between 2.00% and 2.50% for CDOR and LIBOR rate borrowings. Interest is payable either (i) monthly for Base Rate borrowings or (ii) the last day of the interest period for LIBOR or CDOR rate borrowings, as set forth in the Credit Agreement. The fee for undrawn amounts is 0.25% per annum and is due quarterly.
The ABL Facility contains customary conditions to borrowings, events of default and covenants, including, but not limited to, covenants that restrict our ability to sell assets, engage in mergers and acquisitions, incur, assume or permit to exist additional indebtedness and guarantees, create or permit to exist liens, pay cash dividends, issue equity instruments, make distribution or redeem or repurchase capital stock. In the event that our availability is less than the greater of (i) $15.0 million and (ii) 15.00% of the lesser of (1) the current borrowing base and (2) the commitments under the ABL Facility then in effect, a consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of at least 1.00 to 1.00 must be maintained.
Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility
The ABL Facility replaced the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Prior Credit Agreement"), that was entered into on November 2, 2020, and subsequently amended on May 4, 2021, by and among us and certain foreign subsidiaries, as Borrowers, various subsidiaries of ours, as Guarantors, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, Sole Lead Arranger and Sole Book Runner, and the other Lenders party thereto. The Prior Credit Agreement provided for a three-year senior secured revolving credit facility of $200.0 million that expired November 2, 2023.
We had no borrowings and $41.3 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Prior Credit Agreement as of June 30, 2021. We had $9.2 million of borrowings and $34.5 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Prior Credit Agreement as of June 30, 2020.
Each revolving borrowing under the Prior Credit Agreement bore interest at a rate per annum equal to a base rate, plus a margin of 1.00% to 3.50%. The unused credit facility fee was between 0.35% and 0.50% based on the Leverage Ratio as defined in the Prior Credit Agreement.

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The Prior Credit Agreement contained customary financial, negative and affirmative covenants and limited our borrowing availability based on our EBITDA, as it was defined in the Prior Credit Agreement. The Prior Credit Agreement also limited our ability to make acquisitions, repurchase shares, make capital expenditures and dispose of assets.
Dividend Policy
We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock and the terms of our Credit Agreement limit dividends to stock dividends only. Any future dividend payments will depend on the terms of our Credit Agreement, our financial condition, capital requirements and earnings as well as other relevant factors.
Treasury Shares
The terms of our Credit Agreement limit share repurchases to $2.5 million per fiscal year provided that that we do not violate our Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio financial covenant. We may repurchase common stock pursuant to the Stock Buyback Program, which was approved by the board of directors in November 2018. Under the program, the aggregate number of shares repurchased may not exceed 2,707,175 shares. We may repurchase our stock from time to time in the open market at prevailing market prices or in privately negotiated transactions and are not obligated to purchase any shares. The program will continue unless and until it is modified or revoked by the Board of Directors. We made no repurchases under the program in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021 and have no current plans to repurchase stock in the near-term.
As of June 30, 2021, there were 1,349,037 shares available for repurchase under the Stock Buyback Program. We had 1,338,779 treasury shares as of June 30, 2021 and intend to utilize these treasury shares in connection with equity awards under the our stock incentive plans and for sales to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of June 30, 2021, the following off-balance sheet arrangements were in place to support our ordinary course obligations: 

 Expiration Period
 Less than  1
Year
1–3 Years3–5 YearsMore than  5
Years
Total
 (In thousands)
Letters of credit(1)
$41,314 $— $— $— $41,314 
Surety bonds96,268 536 20 — 96,824 
Total$137,582 $536 $20 $— $138,138 

(1)All letters of credit issued under our senior secured revolving credit facility support our workers’ compensation insurance programs or certain construction contracts. The letters of credit that support our workers’ compensation programs are expected to renew annually through the term of our credit facility. The letters of credit that support construction contracts carry expiration dates into calendar year 2022.

Contractual Obligations
Contractual obligations at June 30, 2021 are summarized below: 
 Contractual Obligations by Expiration Period
 Less than  1
Year
1-3 Years3-5 YearsMore than  5
Years
Total
 (In thousands)
Operating leases6,548 8,284 6,009 11,224 32,065 
Purchase obligations2,951 3,408 — — 6,359 
Total contractual obligations$9,499 $11,692 $6,009 $11,224 $38,424 




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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Revenue Recognition
General Information about our Contracts with Customers
Our revenue comes from contracts to provide engineering, procurement, fabrication and construction, repair and maintenance and other services. Our engineering, procurement and fabrication and construction services are usually provided in association with capital projects, which are commonly fixed-price contracts that are billed based on project milestones. Our repair and maintenance services typically are cost reimbursable or time and material based contracts and are billed monthly or, for projects of short duration, at the conclusion of the project. The elapsed time from award to completion of performance may exceed one year for capital projects.
Step 1: Contract Identification
We do not recognize revenue unless we have identified a contract with a customer. A contract with a customer exists when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights and obligations of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance, and collectibility is probable. We also evaluate whether a contract should be combined with other contracts and accounted for as a single contract. This evaluation requires judgment and could change the timing of the amount of revenue and profit recorded for a given period.
Step 2: Identify Performance Obligations
Next, we identify each performance obligation in the contract. A performance obligation is a promise to provide a distinct good or service or a series of distinct goods or services to the customer. Revenue is recognized separately for each performance obligation in the contract. Many of our contracts have one clearly identifiable performance obligation. However, many of our contracts provide the customer an integrated service that includes two or more of the following services: engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, repair and maintenance services. For these contracts, we do not consider the integrated services to be distinct within the context of the contract when the separate scopes of work combine into a single commercial objective or capability for the customer. Accordingly, we generally identify one performance obligation in our contracts. The determination of the number of performance obligations in a contract requires significant judgment and could change the timing of the amount of revenue recorded for a given period.
Step 3: Determine Contract Price
After determining the performance obligations in the contract, we determine the contract price. The contract price is the amount of consideration we expect to receive from the customer for completing the performance obligation(s). In a fixed-price contract, the contract price is a single lump-sum amount. In reimbursable and time and materials based contracts, the contract price is determined by the agreed upon rates or reimbursements for time and materials expended in completing the performance obligation(s) in the contract.
A number of our contracts contain various cost and performance incentives and penalties that can either increase or decrease the contract price. These variable consideration amounts are generally earned or incurred based on certain performance metrics, most commonly related to project schedule or cost targets. We estimate variable consideration at the most likely amount of additional consideration to be received (or paid in the case of penalties), provided that meeting the variable condition is probable. We include estimated amounts of variable consideration in the contract price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the contract price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us. We reassess the amount of variable consideration each accounting period until the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Changes in the assessed amount of variable consideration are accounted for prospectively as a cumulative adjustment to revenue recognized in the current period.
Step 4: Assign Contract Price to Performance Obligations
After determining the contract price, we assign such price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract. If a contract has multiple performance obligations, we assign the contract price to each performance obligation based on the stand-alone selling prices of the distinct services that comprise each performance obligation.

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Step 5: Recognize Revenue as Performance Obligations are Satisfied
We record revenue for contracts with our customers as we satisfy the contracts' performance obligations. We recognize revenue on performance obligations associated with fixed-price contracts for engineering, procurement, fabrication and construction services over time since these services create or enhance assets the customer controls as they are being created or enhanced. We measure progress of satisfying these performance obligations by using the percentage-of-completion method, which is based on costs incurred to date compared to the total estimated costs at completion, since it best depicts the transfer of control of assets being created or enhanced to the customer.
We recognize revenue over time for reimbursable and time and material based repair and maintenance contracts since the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefit of those services as we perform work under the contract. As a practical expedient allowed under the revenue accounting standards, we record revenue for these contracts in the amount to which we have a right to invoice for the services performed provided that we have a right to consideration from the customer in an amount that corresponds directly with the value of the performance completed to date.
Costs incurred may include direct labor, direct materials, subcontractor costs and indirect costs, such as salaries and benefits, supplies and tools, equipment costs and insurance costs. Indirect costs are charged to projects based upon direct costs and overhead allocation rates per dollar of direct costs incurred or direct labor hours worked. Typically, customer contracts will include standard warranties that provide assurance that products and services will function as expected. We do not sell separate warranties.
We have numerous contracts that are in various stages of completion which require estimates to determine the forecasted costs at completion. Due to the nature of the work left to be performed on many of our contracts, the estimation of total cost at completion for fixed-price contracts is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. Estimates of total cost at completion are made each period and changes in these estimates are accounted for prospectively as cumulative adjustments to revenue recognized in the current period. If estimates of costs to complete fixed-price contracts indicate a loss, a provision is made through a contract write-down for the total loss anticipated.
Change Orders
Contracts are often modified through change orders, which are changes to the agreed upon scope of work. Most of our change orders, which may be priced or unpriced, are for goods or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration of services provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a change order on the contract price and our measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis. For unpriced change orders, we estimate the increase or decrease to the contract price using the variable consideration method described in the Step 3: Determine Contract Price paragraph above. Unpriced change orders are more fully discussed in Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Financial Statements.
Claims
Sometimes we seek claims for amounts in excess of the contract price for delays, errors in specifications and designs, contract terminations, change orders in dispute or other causes of additional costs incurred by us. Recognition of amounts as additional contract price related to claims is appropriate only if there is a legal basis for the claim. The determination of our legal basis for a claim requires significant judgment. We estimate the change to the contract price using the variable consideration method described in the Step 3: Determine Contract Price paragraph above. Claims are more fully discussed in Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Financial Statements.
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts included revenue for unpriced change orders and claims of $14.6 million at June 30, 2021 and $14.5 million at June 30, 2020. The amounts ultimately realized may be significantly different than the recorded amounts resulting in a material adjustment to future earnings. Generally we expect collection of amounts related to unpriced change orders and claims within twelve months. However, customers may not pay these amounts until final resolution of related claims, which may extend beyond one year.

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Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of acquisitions over the acquisition date fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. In accordance with current accounting guidance, goodwill is not amortized and is tested at least annually for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is a level below our reportable segments.
We perform our annual impairment test in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, or in between annual tests whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable, to determine whether an impairment exists and to determine the amount of headroom. We define "headroom" as the percentage difference between the fair value of a reporting unit and its carrying value. The goodwill impairment test involves comparing management’s estimate of the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then goodwill is not impaired. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then goodwill is impaired to the extent of the difference, but the impairment may not exceed the balance of goodwill assigned to that reporting unit.
We utilize a discounted cash flow analysis, referred to as an income approach, and market multiples, referred to as a market approach, to determine the estimated fair value of our reporting units. For the income approach, significant judgments and assumptions including forecasted project awards, discount rate, anticipated revenue growth rate, gross margins, operating expenses, working capital needs and capital expenditures are inherent in the fair value estimates, which are based on our operating and capital budgets and on our strategic plan. As a result, actual results may differ from the estimates utilized in our income approach. For the market approach, significant judgments and assumptions include the selection of guideline companies, forecasted guideline company EBITDA and our forecasted EBITDA. The use of alternate judgments and/or assumptions could result in a fair value that differs from our estimate and could result in the recognition of additional impairment charges in the financial statements. As a test for reasonableness, we also consider the combined fair values of our reporting units to our market capitalization.
We performed our annual goodwill impairment test as of May 31, 2021, which resulted in no impairment. The fiscal 2021 test indicated that four reporting units with a combined total of $37.7 million of goodwill as of June 30, 2021 were at higher risk of future impairment than others. If our view of project opportunities or gross margins deteriorates, particularly for the higher risk reporting units, then we may be required to record a material impairment of goodwill.
We considered the amount of headroom for each reporting unit when determining whether an impairment existed. The amount of headroom varies by reporting unit. Our significant assumptions, including revenue growth rates, gross margins, discount rate and other factors may change in the future based on the changing economic and competitive environment in which we operate. Assuming that all other components of our fair value estimate remain unchanged, a change in the following assumptions would have the following effect on headroom:
Headroom Sensitivity Analysis
Goodwill as of June 30, 2021
(in thousands)
Baseline HeadroomHeadroom if Revenue Growth Rate
Declines by 100 Basis Points
Headroom if Gross Margin
Declines by 100 Basis Points
Headroom if Discount Rate Increases by 100 Basis Points
Reporting Unit 1$16,821 40%33%23%30%
Reporting Unit 2$14,233 6%1%-5%-4%
Reporting Unit 3$3,946 12%3%-52%-6%
Reporting Unit 4$2,659 24%17%0%15%
All other reporting units$22,977 64% to 114%56% to 105%10% to 75%43% to 99%












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Income Taxes
We use the asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed annually for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances based on our judgments and estimates are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized in future operating results. We believe that realization of deferred tax assets in excess of the valuation allowance is more likely than not. Our estimates are based on facts and circumstances in existence as well as interpretations of existing tax regulations and laws applied to the facts and circumstances, with the help of professional tax advisors. Therefore, we estimate and provide for amounts of additional income taxes that may be assessed by the various taxing authorities.

Loss Contingencies
Various legal actions, claims and other contingencies arise in the normal course of our business. Contingencies are recorded in the consolidated financial statements, or are otherwise disclosed, in accordance with ASC 450-20, “Loss Contingencies”. Specific reserves are provided for loss contingencies to the extent we conclude that a loss is both probable and estimable. We use a case-by-case evaluation of the underlying data and update our evaluation as further information becomes known. We believe that any amounts exceeding our recorded accruals should not materially affect our financial position, results of operations or liquidity. However, the results of litigation are inherently unpredictable and the possibility exists that the ultimate resolution of one or more of these matters could result in a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Foreign Currency Risk
We have subsidiaries with operations in Canada and South Korea, which use the Canadian Dollar and South Korean Won, respectively, as their functional currencies. We also have a subsidiary with operations in Australia, but its functional currency is the U.S. Dollar since its sales are primarily denominated in U.S. Dollars.
Historically, movements in the Canadian Dollar to U.S. Dollar exchange rate have not significantly impacted our results. Also, we do not expect exchange rate fluctuations in our South Korean and Australian operations to materially impact our financial results since these operations represent an insignificant portion of our consolidated revenue and expenses. However, further growth in our Canadian, South Korean and/or Australian operations and/or significant fluctuations in the Canadian Dollar, South Korean Won and/or Australian Dollar to U.S. Dollar exchange rates could impact our financial results in the future.
Management has not entered into derivative instruments to hedge foreign currency risk, but periodically evaluates the materiality of our foreign currency exposure. To mitigate our risk, on occasion we convert Canadian Dollar balances into U.S. Dollars to settle U.S. Dollar amounts owed by our Canadian operations. A 10% unfavorable change in the Canadian Dollar against the U.S. Dollar would not have had a material impact on our financial results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021.
Commodity Price Risk
We have no direct commodity exposure, but we do have exposure to materials derived from certain commodities including steel plate, steel pipe, and copper, which are key materials we use. We mitigate these risks primarily by procuring materials upon contract execution to ensure that our purchase price approximates the costs included in the project estimate, and also by negotiating contract escalation clauses to cover unexpected costs due to fluctuations in materials costs.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in disruptions to global supply chains, which have led to higher prices for some of the materials we need to run our business. We have been proactive with managing our procurement processes to help reduce the impacts of rising materials prices on our business and to help ensure we continue to have the materials we need available. However, rising prices and the potential for materials shortages have interjected additional risk into bidding and executing work profitably.
The timing of normalization of the global supply chains is uncertain and will depend on several factors, including the speed of recovery from the pandemic, producer capacity, the level of imports, worldwide demand, tariffs on imported goods and other market conditions.

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Financial Statements of the Company
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Financial Statement Schedules
The financial statement schedule is filed as a part of this report under Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2021, June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 immediately following Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited). All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements, or notes thereto, included herein.

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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
The management of Matrix Service Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Company”) are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations and cannot provide absolute assurance that all objectives will be met. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves diligence and is subject to lapses in judgment and human error. Internal control over financial reporting can also be circumvented by collusion or management override of controls. Because of these limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
The Company’s management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021. In making this assessment, the Company’s management used the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework.
Management’s assessment included an evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies, overall control environment and information systems control environment. Based on this assessment, the Company’s management has concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021 was effective.
Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021. Deloitte & Touche LLP’s report on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is included herein.

/s/ John R. Hewitt  /s/ Kevin S. Cavanah
John R. Hewitt  Kevin S. Cavanah
President and Chief Executive Officer  Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

September 13, 2021

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the stockholders and the Board of Directors of
Matrix Service Company

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Matrix Service Company and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021 based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2021, of the Company and our report dated September 13, 2021, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Tulsa, Oklahoma
September 13, 2021


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the stockholders and the Board of Directors of
Matrix Service Company

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Matrix Service Company and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of June 30, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows, and changes in stockholders' equity for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2021 and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 8 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2021, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated September 13, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Revenue – Fixed Price Contracts – Refer to Notes 1 and 2 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company enters into contracts with customers to provide engineering, procurement, and fabrication and construction services, usually provided in association with capital projects, which commonly are fixed price contracts and are billed based on project milestones. Revenue on performance obligations associated with fixed price contracts is recognized over time since these services create or enhance assets the customer controls as they are being created or enhanced. The Company measures progress of satisfying these performance obligations by using the percentage-of-completion method, which is based on costs incurred to date compared to the total estimated costs at completion. Due to the nature of work left to be performed on many of the Company’s contracts, the estimation of total cost at completion for fixed price contracts is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, revenue totaled $673.4 million, of which $444.0 million related to fixed price contracts.

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Given the significant judgment necessary to estimate total costs at completion for fixed price contracts, auditing these estimates required extensive audit effort due to the volume and complexity of the fixed price contracts and a high degree of auditor judgment when evaluating the results of audit procedures, including the involvement of our capital projects specialists for one selected fixed price contract.
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to estimated total costs at completion for fixed price contracts included the following, among others:
We tested the effectiveness of controls over the recognition of revenue for fixed price contracts, including management’s controls over estimates of total costs at completion.
We evaluated the appropriateness and consistency of the methods and assumptions used by management to estimate total costs on fixed price contracts.
We evaluated management’s ability to accurately estimate contract costs by comparing current gross margin to historical gross margin for certain fixed price contracts open and completed during each quarter.
We selected a sample of fixed price contracts and performed the following:
Evaluated gross margin changes over time for each selected contract from bid date to the testing date to evaluate management’s historical and current estimates of total costs at completion.
Evaluated management’s ability to estimate total costs at completion for each selected contract by performing corroborating inquiries with the Company’s project managers and personnel involved with the selected contracts, including inquiries related to the timeline to completion and estimates of future costs to complete the contract.
Selected a sample of estimates of future costs to complete for certain selected fixed price contracts and evaluated management’s estimates of total costs at completion by performing one of the following:
Comparing management’s estimates to documents such as management’s work plans, customer purchase orders, third-party invoices from suppliers, and subcontractor agreements.
Developing independent estimates of total costs to completion and compared our estimates to management’s estimates. Our independent estimates were based on information such as management’s work plans, customer purchase orders, third-party invoices from suppliers, subcontractor agreements, and similar historical project experience.
For one selected fixed price contract, we used our capital projects specialists to assist us in evaluating (1) management’s ability to estimate total costs at completion and (2) management’s estimates of total costs at completion.
Goodwill – Certain Reporting Units – Refer to Notes 1 and 4 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company’s evaluation of goodwill for impairment involves the comparison of management’s estimate of the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. The estimated fair value of each reporting unit was derived primarily by utilizing a discounted cash flow analysis based on the Company’s operating and capital budgets and strategic plan. Significant judgments and assumptions including the revenue growth rate, forecasted gross margins, and discount rate are inherent in the fair value estimates. The use of alternate judgments and/or assumptions could result in a fair value that differs from management’s estimate and could result in the recognition of additional impairment charges in the financial statements. The Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test as of May 31, 2021, which resulted in no impairment. The fiscal 2021 test indicated that four reporting units with a combined total of $37.7 million of goodwill as of June 30, 2021 were at higher risk of future impairment than others because their estimated fair values exceed their carrying values by 6% to 40%. The Company’s total goodwill was $60.6 million as of June 30, 2021.
We identified goodwill for three of the four identified reporting units with a combined total of $35.0 million of goodwill as a critical audit matter because of the significant judgments made by management to estimate the fair values of these reporting units. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists, when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s estimates and assumptions related to the revenue growth rate, forecasted gross margins, and discount rate.


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How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the revenue growth rate, forecasted gross margins, and the discount rate used by management to estimate the fair value of the three identified reporting units included the following, among others:
We tested the effectiveness of controls over management’s goodwill impairment evaluation, including those over the determination of the fair value of the three identified reporting units, such as controls related to management’s selection of the revenue growth rate and discount rate and forecasts of gross margins.
We evaluated management’s ability to accurately forecast the revenue growth rate and future gross margins by comparing actual results to management’s historical forecasts.
We evaluated the reasonableness of management’s revenue growth rate and forecasted gross margins by comparing the forecasts to:
Historical revenue growth and gross margins.
Internal communications to management and the Board of Directors, including other forward estimates prepared or used by management for other accounting estimates.
Remaining performance obligations.
Information included in Company press releases as well as in analyst and industry reports for the Company and certain of its peer companies and in industry outlooks.
With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the (1) valuation methodology and (2) the discount rate, including testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount rate, testing the mathematical accuracy of the calculation, and developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rate selected by management.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Tulsa, Oklahoma
September 13, 2021

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2006.


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Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 Fiscal Years Ended
 June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2019
Revenue$673,398 $1,100,938 $1,416,680 
Cost of revenue640,633 998,762 1,284,729 
Gross profit32,765 102,176 131,951 
Selling, general and administrative expenses69,756 86,276 94,021 
Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment 38,515  
Restructuring costs6,756 14,010  
Operating income (loss)(43,747)(36,625)37,930 
Other income (expense):
Interest expense(1,559)(1,597)(1,296)
Interest income126 1,270 1,167 
Other1,917 308 611 
Income (loss) before income tax expense(43,263)(36,644)38,412 
Provision (benefit) for federal, state and foreign income taxes(12,039)(3,570)10,430 
Net income (loss)$(31,224)$(33,074)$27,982 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share$(1.18)$(1.24)$1.04 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share$(1.18)$(1.24)$1.01 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic26,451 26,621 26,891 
Diluted26,451 26,621 27,587 
 
See accompanying notes
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Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
 
 Fiscal Years Ended
 June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2019
Net income (loss)$(31,224)$(33,074)$27,982 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation gain (loss) (net of tax expense (benefit) of $223, $(88) and $27 for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively)1,624 (622)(340)
Comprehensive income (loss)$(29,600)$(33,696)$27,642 
 

See accompanying notes
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Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$83,878 $100,036 
Accounts receivable, less allowances (2021 - $898; 2020 - $905)148,030 160,671 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts30,774 59,548 
Inventories7,342 6,460 
Income taxes receivable16,965 3,919 
Other current assets4,230 4,526 
Total current assets291,219 335,160 
Property, plant and equipment, at cost:
Land and buildings41,633 42,695 
Construction equipment94,453 94,154 
Transportation equipment50,510 55,864 
Office equipment and software42,706 39,356 
Construction in progress493 4,427 
Total property, plant and equipment - at cost229,795 236,496 
Accumulated depreciation(160,388)(155,748)
Property, plant and equipment - net69,407 80,748 
Operating lease right-of-use assets22,412