10-K 1 mtrx2019-06x3010xk.htm 10-K Document

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
 
þ
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019
or
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File No. 1-15461
MATRIX SERVICE COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
73-1352174
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 500
Tulsa, Oklahoma
 
74135
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (918) 838-8822

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
MTRX
NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ¨            Accelerated filer  þ            Non-accelerated filer  ¨            Smaller reporting company  ¨
Emerging growth company  ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common stock was last sold as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter was approximately $472 million.
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of August 30, 2019 was 27,131,446 shares.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Certain sections of the registrant's definitive proxy statement relating to the registrant's 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, which definitive proxy statement will be filed within 120 days of the end of the registrant's fiscal year, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
Part I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 1B.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Part II
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
Item 7.
 
 
 
Item 7A.
 
 
 
Item 8.
 
 
 
Item 9.
 
 
 
Item 9A.
 
 
 
Item 9B.
 
 
 
 
Part III
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
 
 
 
Item 11.
 
 
 
Item 12.
 
 
 
Item 13.
 
 
 
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
Part IV
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
 
 
 
Item 16.



1


PART I

Item 1.    Business
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this Annual Report which address activities, events or developments, which we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. The words “believes,” “intends,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “estimates,” “predicts” and similar expressions are also intended to identify forward-looking statements.
These forward-looking statements include, among others, such things as:
our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations, access our credit facility, or raise cash in order to meet our short and long-term capital requirements;
the impact to our business of changes in crude oil, natural gas and other commodity prices;
amounts and nature of future revenues and margins from each of our segments;
trends in the industries we serve;
the likely impact of new or existing regulations or market forces on the demand for our services;
expansion and other trends of the industries we serve;
our expectations with respect to the likelihood of a future impairment; and
our ability to comply with the covenants in our credit agreement.
These statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses we made in light of our experience and our historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments as well as other factors we believe are appropriate. However, whether actual results and developments will conform to our expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations, including:
the risk factors discussed in Item 1A of this Annual Report and listed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission;
economic, market or business conditions in general and in the oil, natural gas, power, iron and steel, agricultural and mining industries in particular;
the under-utilization of our work force;
delays in the commencement of major projects, whether due to permitting issues or other factors;
reduced creditworthiness of our customer base and the higher risk of non-payment of receivables due to volatility of crude oil, natural gas, steel and other commodity prices to which our customers' businesses are affected;
the inherently uncertain outcome of current and future litigation;
the adequacy of our reserves for claims and contingencies;
changes in laws or regulations, including the imposition, cancellation or delay of tariffs on imported goods; and
other factors, many of which are beyond our control.
Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences or effects on our business operations. We assume no obligation to update publicly, except as required by law, any such forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


2


BACKGROUND
The Company began operations in 1984 as an Oklahoma corporation under the name of Matrix Service. In 1989, we incorporated in the State of Delaware under the name of Matrix Service Company. We provide engineering, fabrication, infrastructure, construction, and maintenance services primarily to the oil, gas, power, petrochemical, industrial, agricultural, mining and minerals markets. We also sell products for crude oil and refined product aboveground storage tanks. We maintain regional offices throughout the United States, Canada and other international locations, and operate through separate union and merit subsidiaries.
The Company is licensed to operate in all 50 states, in four Canadian provinces and in other international locations. Our principal executive offices are located at 5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 500, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74135. Our telephone number is (918) 838-8822. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to “Matrix Service Company”, “Matrix”, the “Company” or to “we”, “our”, and “us” are to Matrix Service Company and its subsidiaries.
WEBSITE ACCESS TO REPORTS
Our public website is matrixservicecompany.com. We make available free of charge through the "Investor Relations" section of our website our annual reports to stockholders, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Any materials we file with or furnish to the SEC is also maintained on the SEC website (sec.gov).
The information contained on our website, or available by hyperlink from our website, is not incorporated into this Form 10-K or other documents we file with, or furnish to, the SEC. We intend to use our website as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Such disclosures will be included on our website in the "Investor Relations" section. Investors should monitor such portions of our website for press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts.
While not our primary means of communication, investors can also learn more about the Company by visiting our social media channels. We encourage investors, the media, and others interested in Matrix to review the information posted by the Company on its Facebook site (facebook.com/matrixservicecompany), the company Linkedin account (linkedin.com/company/matrix-service-company) and the company twitter account (twitter.com/matrixserviceco). Investors, the media or other interested parties can subscribe to the twitter feed at the address listed above.
OPERATING SEGMENTS
We operate our business through four reportable segments: Electrical Infrastructure; Oil Gas & Chemical; Storage Solutions; and Industrial.
The Electrical Infrastructure segment consists of power delivery services provided to investor owned utilities, including construction of new substations, upgrades of existing substations, short-run transmission line installations, distribution upgrades and maintenance, as well as emergency and storm restoration services. We also provide construction and maintenance services to a variety of power generation facilities, such as combined cycle plants and other natural gas fired power stations.
The Oil Gas & Chemical segment serves customers primarily in the downstream and midstream petroleum industries who are engaged in refining crude oil and processing, fractionating, and marketing of natural gas and natural gas liquids. We also perform work in the petrochemical, upstream petroleum, and sulfur extraction, recovery and processing markets. Our services include plant maintenance, turnarounds, engineering and capital construction. We also offer industrial cleaning services, including hydro-blasting, hydro-excavating, advanced chemical cleaning and vacuum services.
The Storage Solutions segment consists of work related to aboveground storage tanks ("AST") and terminals. Also included in this segment are cryogenic and other specialty storage tanks and terminals including liquefied natural gas, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen, liquid petroleum and other specialty vessels such as spheres as well as marine structures and truck and rail loading/offloading facilities. Our services include engineering, fabrication and construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services for both tanks and full terminals. Finally, we offer AST products, including geodesic domes, aluminum internal floating roofs, floating suction and skimmer systems, roof drain systems and floating roof seals.


3


The Industrial segment consists of work for integrated iron and steel companies, major mining and minerals companies engaged primarily in the extraction of copper, as well as companies in other industries, including aerospace and defense, cement, and agriculture and grain. Our services include engineering, fabrication and construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services. We also design instrumentation and control systems and offer specialized expertise in the design and construction of bulk material handling systems.
OTHER BUSINESS MATTERS
Customers and Marketing
The Company provided services to approximately 500 customers in fiscal 2019. Most of our revenue comes from long-term customer relationships. None of our customers individually accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated revenue in fiscal 2019. However, within our operating segments we do have customer concentrations of varying degrees. See Part II, Item 8. Financial Statement and Supplementary Data, Note 13 - Segment Information for more information about concentration of revenues by segment.
Matrix markets its services and products primarily through its marketing and business development personnel, senior professional staff and its operating management. We competitively bid most of our projects; however, we have a number of preferred provider relationships with customers who award us work through long-term agreements. Our projects have durations ranging from a few days to multiple years.
Competition
We compete with local, regional, national and international contractors and service providers. Competitors vary with the markets we serve with few competitors competing in all of the markets we serve or in all of the services we provide. Contracts are generally awarded based on price, quality, safety performance, schedule, experience and customer satisfaction.
Backlog
We define backlog as the total dollar amount of revenue that we expect to recognize as a result of performing work that has been awarded to us through a signed contract, limited notice to proceed or other type of assurance that we consider firm. The following arrangements are considered firm:
fixed-price awards;
minimum customer commitments on cost plus arrangements; and
certain time and material arrangements in which the estimated value is firm or can be estimated with a reasonable amount of certainty in both timing and amounts.
For long-term maintenance contracts with no minimum commitments and other established customer agreements, we include only the amounts that we expect to recognize as revenue over the next 12 months. For arrangements in which we have received a limited notice to proceed, we include the entire scope of work in our backlog if we conclude that the likelihood of the full project proceeding as high. For all other arrangements, we calculate backlog as the estimated contract amount less revenues recognized as of the reporting date.
The following table provides a summary of changes in our backlog in fiscal 2019:
 
 
Electrical
Infrastructure
 
Oil Gas &
Chemical
 
Storage
Solutions
 
Industrial
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Backlog as of June 30, 2018
 
$
113,957

 
$
227,452

 
$
613,360

 
$
263,827

 
$
1,218,596

Project awards
 
177,343

 
226,978

 
549,867

 
342,245

 
1,296,433

Revenue recognized
 
(217,417
)
 
(319,867
)
 
(521,932
)
 
(357,464
)
 
(1,416,680
)
Backlog as of June 30, 2019
 
$
73,883

 
$
134,563

 
$
641,295

 
$
248,608

 
$
1,098,349

Book-to-bill ratio(1)
 
0.8

 
0.7

 
1.1

 
1.0

 
0.9

 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Calculated by dividing project awards by revenue recognized.



4


Project awards in all segments are cyclical and are typically the result of a sales process that can take several months to complete. Backlog volatility may increase for some segments from time to time when individual project awards are less frequent, but more significant. We expect to recognize approximately 85% of our total backlog reported as of June 30, 2019 as revenue within the next year.
Seasonality and Other Factors
Our operating results can exhibit seasonal fluctuations, especially in our Oil Gas & Chemical segment, for a variety of reasons. Turnarounds and planned outages at customer facilities are typically scheduled in the spring and the fall when the demand for energy is lower. Within the Electrical Infrastructure segment, transmission and distribution work is generally scheduled by the public utilities when the demand for electricity is at its lowest. Therefore, revenue volume in the summer months is typically lower than in other periods throughout the year.
Our business can also be affected, both positively and negatively, by seasonal factors such as energy demand or weather conditions including hurricanes, snowstorms, and abnormally low or high temperatures. Some of these seasonal factors may cause some of our offices and projects to close or reduce activities temporarily. In addition to the above noted factors, the general timing of project starts and completions could exhibit significant fluctuations. Accordingly, results for any interim period may not necessarily be indicative of operating results for the full year.
Other factors impacting operating results in all segments come from decreased work volumes during holidays, work site permitting delays or customers accelerating or postponing work. The differing types, sizes, and durations of our contracts, combined with their geographic diversity and stages of completion, often results in fluctuations in the Company's operating results.
Material Sources and Availability
Steel plate and steel pipe are key materials used by the Company. Supplies of these materials are available throughout the United States and globally from numerous sources. We anticipate that adequate amounts of these materials will be available in the foreseeable future. However, the price, quantity, and the delivery schedules of these materials could change rapidly due to various factors, including producer capacity, the level of imports, worldwide demand, tariffs on imported goods and other market conditions.
Insurance
The Company maintains insurance coverage for various aspects of its operations. However, exposure to potential losses is retained through the use of deductibles, self-insured retentions and coverage limits.
Typically our contracts require us to indemnify our customers for injury, damage or loss arising from the performance of our services and provide warranties for materials. The Company may also be required to name the customer as an additional insured up to the limits of insurance available, or we may be required to purchase special insurance policies or surety bonds for specific customers or provide letters of credit in lieu of bonds to satisfy performance and financial guarantees on some projects. Matrix maintains a performance and payment bonding line sufficient to support the business. The Company generally requires its subcontractors to indemnify the Company and the Company’s customer and name the Company as an additional insured for activities arising out of the subcontractors’ work. We also require certain subcontractors to provide additional insurance policies, including surety bonds in favor of the Company, to secure the subcontractors’ work. There can be no assurance that our insurance and the additional insurance coverage provided by our subcontractors will fully protect us against a valid claim or loss under the contracts with our customers.
Employees
As of June 30, 2019, the Company had approximately 5,000 employees of which approximately 1,050 were employed in non-field positions and 3,950 were employed in field or shop positions. The number of employees varies significantly throughout the year because of the number, type and size of projects we have in progress at any particular time.
The Company’s subsidiaries include both merit and union companies. The union businesses operate under collective bargaining agreements with various unions representing different groups of our employees. Union agreements provide union employees with benefits including health and welfare, pension, training programs and competitive compensation plans. We have not experienced any strikes or work stoppages in recent years. We maintain health and welfare, retirement and training programs for our merit employees and administrative personnel.


5


Patents and Proprietary Technology
Matrix Service Company’s subsidiaries have several patents and patents pending, and continue to pursue new ideas and innovations to better serve our customers in several areas of our business. The Flex-A-Span® and Flex-A-Seal® trademarks are utilized to market the Company’s unique seals for floating roof tanks. The FastFroth® trademark is utilized to market the Company’s unique industrial cleaning process. Our patented RS 1000 Tank Mixer controls sludge build-up in crude oil tanks through resuspension. The Flexible Fluid Containment System patent covers a system that captures and contains flue leaking from pipe and valve connections. The Flex-A-Swivel patent refers to our unique pipe swivel joint assembly. Our patent for Spacerless or Geocomposite Double Bottom for Storage Tanks relates to a replacement bottom with leak detection and containment that allows for the retrofitting of an existing tank while minimizing the loss of capacity. The patent for the Training Tank for Personnel Entry, Exit and Rescue relates to a training device that can be used to train personnel on equipment that is made to simulate confined space scenarios.
The Company also holds a perpetual license to use various patents and technologies related to LNG storage tanks, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen storage tanks, liquid petroleum gas storage tanks and thermal vacuum chambers.
While the Company’s intellectual property is not its main business, we believe that the ability to use these patents and technology enables us to expand our presence in the markets we serve and minimizes the development costs typically associated with organic growth.
Regulation
Health and Safety Regulations
Our operations are subject to regulation by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) and Mine Safety and Health Administration (“MSHA”), the U.S. Department of Transportation, and to regulation under state laws and by the Canadian Workers’ Compensation Board and its Workplace Health, Safety and Compensation Commission. Regulations promulgated by these agencies require employers and independent contractors to implement work practices, medical surveillance systems and personnel protection programs to protect employees from workplace hazards and exposure to hazardous chemicals and materials. In recognition of the potential for accidents within various scopes of work, these agencies have enacted strict and comprehensive safety regulations. The Company has established and consistently reinforces and monitors compliance with comprehensive programs intended to ensure that it complies with all applicable health and safety regulations to protect the safety of its workers, subcontractors and customers. While the Company believes that it operates safely and prudently, there can be no assurance that accidents will not occur or that the Company will not incur substantial liability in connection with the operation of its businesses. In order to minimize the financial exposure resulting from potential accidents associated with the Company's work, the Company maintains liability insurance to limit losses that could result from our work.
Environmental
The Company’s operations and the operations of its customers are subject to extensive and changing environmental laws and regulations. These laws and regulations relate primarily to air and water pollutants and the management and disposal of hazardous materials. The Company is exposed to potential liability for personal injury or property damage caused by any release, spill, exposure or other accident involving such pollutants, substances or hazardous materials.
In order to limit costs incurred as a result of environmental exposure, the Company maintains contractor’s pollution liability insurance that covers liability that may be incurred as a result of accidental releases of hazardous materials.
The Company believes that it is currently in compliance, in all material aspects, with all applicable environmental laws and regulations. The Company does not expect any material charges in subsequent periods relating to environmental conditions that currently exist and does not currently foresee any significant future capital spending relating to environmental matters.


6


Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following risk factors should be considered with the other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As we operate in a continuously changing environment, other risk factors may emerge which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flow.
Risk Factors Related to Our Business
Unsatisfactory safety performance may subject us to penalties, affect customer relationships, result in higher operating costs, negatively impact employee morale and result in higher employee turnover.
Our projects are conducted at a variety of sites including construction sites and industrial facilities. With each location, hazards are part of the day to day exposures that we must manage on a continuous basis to ensure our employees return home from work the same way they arrived. We understand that everyone plays a role with safety and everyone can make a difference with their active participation. With our proactive approach, our strategy is to identify the exposures and correct them before they result in an incident whether that involves an injury, damage or destruction of property, plant and equipment or an environmental impact. We are intensely focused on maintaining a strong safety culture and strive for zero incidents.
Although we have taken what we believe are appropriate precautions to adequately train and equip our employees, we have experienced serious accidents, including fatalities, in the past and may experience additional accidents in the future. Serious accidents may subject us to penalties, civil litigation or criminal prosecution. Claims for damages to persons, including claims for bodily injury or loss of life, could result in costs and liabilities, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Poor safety performance could also jeopardize our relationships with our customers and increase our insurance premiums.
Our profitability could be negatively impacted if we are not able to maintain appropriate utilization of our workforce.
The extent to which we utilize our workforce affects our profitability. If we under utilize our workforce, our project gross margins and overall profitability suffer in the short-term. If we over utilize our workforce, we may negatively impact safety, employee satisfaction and project execution, which could result in a decline in future project awards. The utilization of our workforce is impacted by numerous factors including:
our estimate of the headcount requirements for various operating units based upon our forecast of the demand for our products and services;
our ability to maintain our talent base and manage attrition;
productivity;
our ability to schedule our portfolio of projects to efficiently utilize our employees and minimize downtime between project assignments; and
our need to invest time and resources into functions such as training, business development, employee recruiting, and sales that are not chargeable to customer projects.
An inability to attract and retain qualified personnel, and in particular, engineers, project managers, and skilled craft workers, could impact our ability to perform on our contracts, which could harm our business and impair our future revenues and profitability.
Our ability to attract and retain qualified engineers, project managers, skilled craftsmen and other experienced professionals in accordance with our needs is an important factor in our ability to maintain profitability and grow our business. The market for these professionals is competitive, particularly during periods of economic growth when the supply is limited. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to retain or attract qualified personnel when needed. Therefore, when we anticipate or experience growing demand for our services, we may incur additional cost to maintain a professional staff in excess of our current contract needs in an effort to have sufficient qualified personnel available to address this anticipated demand. If we do incur additional compensation and benefit costs, our customer contracts may not allow us to pass through these costs.
Competent and experienced engineers, project managers, and craft workers are especially critical to the profitable performance of our contracts, particularly on our fixed-price contracts where superior design and execution of the project can result in profits greater than originally estimated or where inferior design and project execution can reduce or eliminate estimated profits or even result in a loss.


7


Our project managers are involved in most aspects of contracting and contract execution including:
supervising the bidding process, including providing estimates of significant cost components, such as material and equipment needs, and the size, productivity and composition of the workforce;
negotiating contracts;
supervising project performance, including performance by our employees, subcontractors and other third-party suppliers and vendors;
estimating costs for completion of contracts that is used to estimate amounts that can be reported as revenues and earnings on the contract under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting;
negotiating requests for change orders and the final terms of approved change orders; and
determining and documenting claims by us for increased costs incurred due to the failure of customers, subcontractors and other third-party suppliers of equipment and materials to perform on a timely basis and in accordance with contract terms.
Our results of operations depend upon the award of new contracts and the timing of those awards.
Our revenues are derived primarily from contracts awarded on a project-by-project basis. Generally, it is difficult to predict whether and when we will be awarded a new contract due to lengthy and complex bidding and selection processes, changes in existing or forecasted market conditions, customers' access to financing, governmental regulations, permitting and environmental matters. Because our revenues are derived from contract awards, our results of operations and cash flows can fluctuate materially from period to period.
The uncertainty associated with the timing of contract awards may reduce our short-term profitability as we balance our current capacity with expectations of future contract awards. If an expected contract award is delayed or not received, we could incur costs to maintain an idle workforce that may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. Alternatively, we may decide that our long-term interests are best served by reducing our workforce and incurring increased costs associated with severance and termination benefits, which also could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period incurred. Reducing our workforce could also impact our results of operations if we are unable to adequately staff projects that are awarded subsequent to a workforce reduction.
Demand for our products and services is cyclical and is vulnerable to the level of capital and maintenance spending of our customers and to downturns in the industries and markets we serve, as well as conditions in the general economy.
The demand for our products and services depends upon the existence of construction and maintenance projects primarily in the midstream and downstream petroleum, power and other heavy industries in the United States and Canada. Therefore, it is likely that our business will continue to be cyclical in nature and vulnerable to general downturns in the United States, Canadian and world economies and changes in commodity prices, which could adversely affect the demand for our products and services.
The availability of engineering and construction projects is dependent upon economic conditions in the oil, gas, petrochemical, industrial, iron and steel and power industries, and specifically, the level of capital expenditures on energy infrastructure. A prolonged period of relatively low commodity prices in North America has had an adverse impact on the level of capital expenditures of our customers and/or their ability to finance these expenditures. Our failure to obtain projects, the delay of project awards, the cancellation of projects or delays in the execution of contracts has resulted and may continue to result in under-utilization of our resources, which could adversely impact our revenue, margins, operating results and cash flow. There are numerous factors beyond our control that influence the level of maintenance and capital expenditures of our customers, including:
current or projected commodity prices, including oil, gas, power, steel and mineral prices;
refining margins;
the demand for oil, gas and electricity;
the ability of oil, gas, industrial and power companies to generate, access and deploy capital;
exploration, production and transportation costs;
interest rates;


8


tax incentives, including those for alternative energy projects;
regulatory restraints on the rates that power companies may charge their customers; and
local, national and international political and economic conditions.
Our revenue and profitability may be adversely affected by a reduced level of activity in the hydrocarbon industry.
In recent years, demand from the worldwide hydrocarbon industry has been a significant generator of our revenue. Numerous factors influence capital expenditure decisions in the hydrocarbon industry, including, but not limited to, the following:
current and projected oil and gas prices;
exploration, extraction, production and transportation costs;
refining margins;
the discovery rate, size and location of new oil and gas reserves;
technological challenges and advances;
ability to export hydrocarbon products;
demand for hydrocarbon production;
competition from alternative energy sources, including wind and solar; and
changing taxes, price controls, and laws and regulations.
The aforementioned factors are beyond our control and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and on our financial position or cash flow, particularly in the Storage Solutions and Oil Gas & Chemical segments.
The operations of our Storage Solutions segment are influenced by the overall forward market for crude oil, and certain market conditions may adversely affect that segment’s financial and operating results.
The results of our Storage Solutions segment may be influenced by the overall forward market for crude oil. A “contango” market (meaning that the price of crude oil for future delivery is higher than the current price) is associated with greater demand for crude oil storage capacity, because a party can simultaneously purchase crude oil at current prices for storage and sell at higher prices for future delivery. A “backwardated” market (meaning that the price of crude oil for future delivery is lower than the current price) is associated with lower demand for crude oil storage capacity, because a party can capture a premium for prompt delivery of crude oil rather than storing it for future sale. A prolonged backwardated market or other adverse market conditions could have an adverse impact on demand for new construction in our Storage Solutions segment. Finally, higher absolute levels of crude oil prices increase the costs of financing and insuring crude oil in storage, which negatively affects storage economics. As a result, the overall forward market for crude oil may have an adverse effect on our Storage Solution segment’s business, results of operations and financial condition.
The terms of our contracts could expose us to unforeseen costs and costs not within our control, which may not be recoverable and could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
A significant amount of our work is performed under fixed price contracts. Under fixed-price contracts, we agree to perform the contract for a fixed-price and, as a result, can improve our expected profit by superior execution, productivity, workplace safety and other factors resulting in cost savings. However, we could incur cost overruns above the approved contract price, which may not be recoverable. Under certain incentive fixed-price contracts, we may agree to share with a customer a portion of any savings we generate while the customer agrees to bear a portion of any increased costs we may incur up to a negotiated ceiling. To the extent costs exceed the negotiated ceiling price, we may be required to absorb some or all of the cost overruns.
Fixed-price contract prices are established based largely upon estimates and assumptions relating to project scope and specifications, personnel and productivity, material needs, and site conditions. These estimates and assumptions may prove inaccurate or conditions may change due to factors out of our control, resulting in cost overruns, which we may be required to absorb and which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our profits from these contracts could decrease or we could experience losses if we incur difficulties in performing the contracts or are unable to secure fixed-pricing commitments from our manufacturers, suppliers and subcontractors at the time we enter into fixed-price contracts with our customers.


9


Under cost-plus and time-and-material contracts, we perform our services in return for payment of our agreed upon reimbursable costs plus a profit. The profit component is typically expressed in the contract either as a percentage of the reimbursable costs we actually incur or is factored into the rates we charge for labor or for the cost of equipment and materials, if any, we are required to provide. Our profit could be negatively impacted if our actual costs exceed the estimated costs utilized to establish the billing rates included in the contracts.
We may incur significant costs in providing services in excess of original project scope without having an approved change order.
After commencement of a contract, we may perform, without the benefit of an approved change order from the customer, additional services requested by the customer that were not contemplated in our contract price for various reasons, including customer changes or incomplete or inaccurate engineering, changes in project specifications and other similar information provided to us by the customer. Our construction contracts generally require the customer to compensate us for additional work or expenses incurred under these circumstances.
A failure to obtain adequate compensation for these matters could require us to record in the current period an adjustment to revenue and profit recognized in prior periods under the percentage-of-completion accounting method. Any such adjustments, if substantial, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition, particularly for the period in which such adjustments are made. We can provide no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining, through negotiation, arbitration, litigation or otherwise, approved change orders in an amount adequate to compensate us for our additional work or expenses.
Our use of percentage-of-completion accounting for fixed-price contracts and our reporting of profits for cost-plus contracts prior to contract completion could result in a reduction or elimination of previously reported profits.
Our revenues are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. Under percentage-of-completion accounting, contract revenues and earnings are recognized ratably over the contract term based on the proportion of actual costs incurred to total estimated costs. In addition, some contracts contain penalty provisions for failure to achieve certain milestones, schedules or performance standards. We review our estimates of contract revenues, costs and profitability on a monthly basis. As a result, we may adjust our estimates on one or more occasions as a result of changes in cost estimates, change orders to the original contract, or claims against the customer for increased costs incurred by us due to customer-induced delays and other factors.
If estimates of costs to complete fixed price contracts indicate a loss, a provision is made through a contract write-down for the total loss anticipated in the period the loss is determined. Contract profit estimates are also adjusted, on a percentage of completion basis, in the fiscal period in which it is determined that an adjustment is required. No restatements are made to prior periods. Further, a number of our contracts contain various cost and performance incentives and penalties that impact the earnings we realize from our contracts, and adjustments related to these incentives and penalties are recorded on a percentage of completion basis in the period when estimable and probable.
As a result of the requirements of the percentage-of-completion method of accounting, the possibility exists that we could have estimated and reported a profit on a contract over several prior periods and later determine, as a result of additional information, that all or a portion of such previously estimated and reported profits were overstated. If this occurs, the full aggregate amount of the overstatement will be reported for the period in which such change in estimate occurs.
Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions that we use to prepare our financial statements.
To prepare financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, management is required to make estimates and assumptions, as of the date of the financial statements, which affect the reported values of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Areas requiring significant estimation by our management include:
contract costs and application of percentage-of-completion accounting;
provisions for uncollectible receivables from customers for invoiced amounts;
the amount and collectibility of unpriced change orders and claims against customers;
provisions for income taxes and related valuation allowances;
recoverability of goodwill and intangible assets;
valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with business combinations; and


10


accruals for estimated liabilities, including litigation and insurance reserves.
Our actual results could materially differ from these estimates.
The steel industry is cyclical and sensitive to general economic conditions, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.
A significant percentage of our Industrial segment's revenues are derived from the steel industry. Demand for steel products is cyclical in nature and sensitive to general economic conditions. The timing and magnitude of the cycles in the markets in which our customers’ products are used, including automobiles and construction, are difficult to predict. The cyclical nature of our customers’ operations tends to reflect and be amplified by changes in economic conditions, both domestically and internationally, supply/demand imbalances, foreign currency exchange fluctuations, and foreign and domestic import tariffs on steel. Economic downturns or a prolonged period of slow growth in the U.S. and foreign markets or any of the industries in which our steel industry customers operate could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Domestic and Foreign trade tariffs could have a material adverse effect on our customers' businesses and could raise the price and reduce the availability of raw materials to us, which could negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.
Domestic and foreign trade tariffs could have a material adverse impact on our customers' businesses, which could cause our customers to reduce spending on capital and maintenance projects. This reduction in spending could lead to fewer project awards and/or more competition. Fewer project awards and more competition could reduce our revenues and gross margins.
In addition, domestic and foreign trade tariffs could raise the price and reduce the availability of raw materials such as steel plate and steel pipe, which are key materials used by the Company. Supplies of these materials are available throughout the United States and globally from numerous sources. We anticipate that adequate amounts of these materials will be available in the foreseeable future. However, if trade tariffs should significantly impact the price and availability of these materials, we could experience lower gross margins, operational inefficiencies and project delays.
We are exposed to credit risk from customers. If we experience delays and/or defaults in customer payments, we could suffer liquidity problems or we could be unable to recover amounts owed to us.
Under the terms of our contracts, at times we commit resources to customer projects prior to receiving payments from customers in amounts sufficient to cover expenditures on these projects as they are incurred. Many of our fixed-price or cost-plus contracts require us to satisfy specified progress milestones or performance standards in order to receive a payment. Under these types of arrangements, we may incur significant costs for labor, equipment and supplies prior to receipt of payment. If the customer fails or refuses to pay us for any reason, there is no assurance we will be able to collect amounts due to us for costs previously incurred. In some cases, we may find it necessary to terminate subcontracts with suppliers engaged by us to assist in performing a contract, and we may incur costs or penalties for canceling our commitments to them. Delays in customer payments require an investment in working capital. If we are unable to collect amounts owed to us under our contracts, we may be required to record a charge against previously recognized earnings related to the project, and our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses, and unidentified liabilities and risks associated with entering new markets. We may also be unable to profitably integrate and operate these businesses.
We may lack sufficient management, financial and other resources to successfully integrate future acquisitions, including acquisitions in markets where we have not previously operated. Any future acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses, unexpected liabilities and other risks in addition to the integration and consolidation risks.
If we make any future acquisitions, we will likely assume liabilities of the acquired business or have exposure to contingent liabilities that may not be adequately covered by insurance or indemnification, if any, from the former owners of the acquired business. These potential liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We may not be able to successfully integrate our acquisitions, which could cause our business to suffer.
We may not be able to successfully complete our ongoing integration of the operations, personnel and technology from our acquisitions. Because of their size and complexity, if we fail to complete our integration efforts successfully, we may experience interruptions in our business activities, a decrease in the quality of our services, a deterioration in our employee and customer relationships, and harm to our reputation, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our integration activities have required significant attention from management, which potentially decreases the time that management may devote to serve existing customers, attract new customers and develop new services and strategies. We may also experience difficulties in combining corporate cultures, maintaining employee morale and retaining key


11


employees. The integration efforts may also impose substantial demands on our operations or other projects. We will have to actively strive to demonstrate to our existing customers that these integrations have not resulted in adverse changes in our standards or business focus. Our acquisitions have involved a significant capital commitment, and the return that we achieve on any capital invested may be less than the return achieved on our other projects or investments. There will be challenges in consolidating and rationalizing information technology platforms and administrative infrastructures. In addition, any delays or increased costs of integrating acquired companies could adversely affect our operations, financial results and liquidity.
We may not realize the growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies that are anticipated from acquisitions.
The benefits we expect to achieve as a result of an acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize the anticipated growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies. Our success in realizing these growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies, and the timing of this realization, depends on the successful integration of the acquired business and operations with our existing business and operations. Even if we are able to integrate existing and acquired businesses successfully, this integration may not result in the realization of the full benefits of the growth opportunities, operating margins and synergies we currently expect within the anticipated time frame or at all. Accordingly, the benefits from an acquisition may be offset by costs incurred or delays in integrating the companies, which could cause our revenue assumptions and operating margin to be inaccurate.
We may need to raise additional capital in the future for working capital, capital expenditures and/or acquisitions, and we may not be able to do so on favorable terms or at all, which would impair our ability to operate our business or achieve our strategic plan.
To the extent that cash flow from operations, together with available borrowings under our senior secured revolving credit facility, are insufficient to make future investments, acquisitions or provide needed working capital, we may require additional financing from other sources. Our ability to obtain such additional financing in the future will depend in part upon prevailing capital market conditions, as well as conditions in our business and our operating results; and those factors may affect our efforts to arrange additional financing on terms that are satisfactory to us. If adequate funds are not available, or are not available on acceptable terms, we may not be able to make future investments, take advantage of acquisitions or other opportunities, or respond to competitive challenges.
We face substantial competition in each of our business segments, which may have a material adverse effect on our business.
We face competition in all areas of our business from regional, national and international competitors. Our competitors range from small, family-owned businesses to well-established, well-financed entities, both privately and publicly held, including many large engineering and construction companies and specialty contractors. We compete primarily on the basis of price, customer satisfaction, safety performance and programs, quality of our products and services, and schedule. As a result, an increase in the level of competition in one or more markets may result in lower operating margins than we have recently experienced.
Our backlog is subject to unexpected fluctuations, adjustments and cancellations and does not include the full value of our long-term maintenance contracts, and therefore, may not be a reliable indicator of our future earnings.
Backlog may not be a reliable indicator of our future performance. We cannot guarantee that the revenue projected in our backlog will be realized or profitable. Projects may remain in our backlog for an extended period of time. In addition, project cancellations or scope adjustments may occur from time to time with respect to contracts included in our backlog that could reduce the dollar amount of our backlog and the revenue and profits that we actually earn. Many of our contracts have termination rights. Therefore, project adjustments may occur from time to time to contracts in our backlog.
The loss of one or more of our significant customers could adversely affect us.
One or more customers have in the past and may in the future contribute a material portion of our revenues in any one year. Because these significant customers generally contract with us for specific projects or for specific periods of time, we may lose these customers from year to year as the projects or maintenance contracts are completed. The loss of business from any one of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.
Future events, including those associated with our strategic plan, could negatively affect our liquidity position.
We can provide no assurance that we will have sufficient earnings from operations or the credit capacity to meet all of our future cash needs should we encounter significant working capital requirements or incur significant acquisition costs. Insufficient earnings from operations, significant working capital requirements, and contract disputes have in the past, and could in the future, reduce availability under our senior secured revolving credit facility.


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Our business may be affected by difficult work sites and environments, which may adversely affect our overall business.
We perform our work under a variety of conditions, including, but not limited to, difficult terrain, difficult site conditions and busy urban centers where delivery of materials and availability of labor may be impacted. Performing work under these conditions can slow our progress, potentially causing us to incur contractual liability to our customers. These difficult conditions may also cause us to incur additional, unanticipated costs that we might not be able to pass on to our customers.
We are susceptible to adverse weather conditions, which may harm our business and financial results.
Our business may be adversely affected by severe weather in areas where we have significant operations. Repercussions of severe weather conditions may include:
curtailment of services;
suspension of operations;
inability to meet performance schedules in accordance with contracts and potential liability for liquidated damages;
injuries or fatalities;
weather related damage to our facilities;
disruption of information systems;
inability to receive machinery, equipment and materials at jobsites; and
loss of productivity.
Our senior secured revolving credit facility imposes restrictions that may limit business alternatives.
Our senior secured revolving credit facility contains covenants that restrict or limit our ability to incur additional debt, acquire or dispose of assets, repurchase equity, or make certain distributions, including dividends. In addition, our senior secured revolving credit facility requires that we comply with a number of financial covenants. These covenants and restrictions may impact our ability to effectively execute operating and strategic plans and our operating performance may not be sufficient to comply with the required covenants. Additionally, availability under the credit facility is dependent upon profitable operating results. If results deteriorate, availability under the credit facility is reduced.
Our failure to comply with one or more of the covenants in our senior secured revolving credit facility could result in an event of default. We can provide no assurance that a default could be remedied, or that our creditors would grant a waiver or amend the terms of the senior secured revolving credit facility. If an event of default occurs, our lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under the facility to be immediately due and payable, terminate all commitments, refuse to extend further credit, and require us to provide cash to collateralize any outstanding letters of credit. If an event of default occurs and the lenders under the senior secured revolving credit facility accelerate the maturity of any loans or other debt outstanding, we may not have sufficient liquidity to repay amounts outstanding under the existing agreement.
We contribute to multiemployer plans that could result in liabilities to us if those plans are terminated or if we withdraw from those plans.
We contribute to several multiemployer pension plans for employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. These plans are not administered by us and contributions are determined in accordance with provisions of negotiated labor contracts. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended by the Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980, imposes certain liabilities upon employers who are contributors to a multiemployer plan in the event of the employer’s withdrawal from, or upon termination of, such plan. If we terminate or withdraw from a multiemployer pension plan, we could be required to make significant cash contributions to fund that plan's unfunded vested benefit, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations; however, we are not currently able to determine the net assets and actuarial present value of the multiemployer pension plans’ unfunded vested benefits allocable to us, if any, and we are not presently aware of the amounts, if any, for which we may be contingently liable if we were to withdraw from any of these plans. In addition, if the funding level of any of these multiemployer plans becomes classified as “critical status” under the Pension Protection Act of 2006, we could be required to make significant additional contributions to those plans.


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Earnings for future periods may be affected by impairment charges.
Because we have grown in part through acquisitions, goodwill and other acquired intangible assets represent a substantial portion of our assets. We perform annual goodwill impairment reviews in the fourth quarter of every fiscal year. In addition, we perform an impairment review whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill or an intangible or fixed asset may not be recoverable. As of June 30, 2019, the Company had $19.5 million of amortizing intangible assets and $93.4 million of non-amortizing goodwill representing 3.1% and 14.7% of the Company's total assets, respectively.
We are involved, and are likely to continue to be involved in legal proceedings, which will increase our costs and, if adversely determined, could have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We are currently a defendant in legal proceedings arising from the operation of our business, and it is reasonable to expect that we would be named in future actions. Many of the actions against us arise out of the normal course of performing services on project sites, and include workers’ compensation claims, personal injury claims and contract disputes with our customers. From time to time, we are also named as a defendant for actions involving the violation of federal and state labor laws related to employment practices, wages and benefits. We may also be a plaintiff in legal proceedings against customers seeking to recover payment of contractual amounts due to us as well as claims for increased costs incurred by us resulting from, among other things, services performed by us at the request of a customer that are in excess of original project scope that are later disputed by the customer and customer-caused delays in our contract performance.
We maintain insurance against operating hazards in amounts that we believe are customary in our industry. However, our insurance policies include deductibles and certain coverage exclusions, so we cannot provide assurance that we are adequately insured against all of the risks associated with the conduct of our business. A successful claim brought against us in excess of, or outside of, our insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Litigation, regardless of its outcome, is expensive, typically diverts the efforts of our management away from operations for varying periods of time, and can disrupt or otherwise adversely impact our relationships with current or potential customers, subcontractors and suppliers. Payment and claim disputes with customers may also cause us to incur increased interest costs resulting from incurring indebtedness under our revolving line of credit or receiving less interest income resulting from fewer funds invested due to the failure to receive payment for disputed claims and accounts.
Our projects expose us to potential professional liability, product liability, pollution liability, warranty and other claims, which could be expensive, damage our reputation and harm our business. We may not be able to obtain or maintain adequate insurance to cover these claims.
We perform construction and maintenance services at large industrial facilities where accidents or system failures can be disastrous and costly. Any catastrophic occurrence in excess of our insurance limits at locations engineered or constructed by us or where our products are installed or services performed could result in significant professional liability, product liability, warranty and other claims against us by our customers, including claims for cost overruns and the failure of the project to meet contractually specified milestones or performance standards. Further, the rendering of our services on these projects could expose us to risks and claims by third parties and governmental agencies for personal injuries, property damage and environmental matters, among others. Any claim, regardless of its merit or eventual outcome, could result in substantial costs, divert management’s attention and create negative publicity, particularly for claims relating to environmental matters where the amount of the claim could be extremely large. We may not be able to or may choose not to obtain or maintain insurance coverage for the types of claims described above. If we are unable to obtain insurance at an acceptable cost or otherwise protect against the claims described above, we will be exposed to significant liabilities, which may materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Employee, subcontractor or partner misconduct or our overall failure to comply with laws or regulations could harm our reputation, damage our relationships with customers, reduce our revenues and profits, and subject us to criminal and civil enforcement actions.
Misconduct, fraud, non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations, or other improper activities by one of our employees, subcontractors or partners could have a significant negative impact on our business and reputation.  Such misconduct could include the failure to comply with safety standards, laws and regulations, customer requirements, regulations pertaining to the internal controls over financial reporting, environmental laws and any other applicable laws or regulations.  The precautions we take to prevent and detect these activities may not be effective, since our internal controls are subject to inherent limitations, including human error, the possibility that controls could be circumvented or become inadequate because of changed conditions, and fraud.


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Our failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations or acts of misconduct could subject us to fines and penalties, harm our reputation, damage our relationships with customers, reduce our revenues and profits and subject us to criminal and civil enforcement actions.
Environmental factors and changes in laws and regulations could increase our costs and liabilities.
Our operations are subject to environmental laws and regulations, including those concerning emissions into the air; discharges into waterways; generation, storage, handling, treatment and disposal of hazardous material and wastes; and health and safety.
Our projects often involve highly regulated materials, including hazardous wastes. Environmental laws and regulations generally impose limitations and standards for regulated materials and require us to obtain permits and comply with various other requirements. The improper characterization, handling, or disposal of regulated materials or any other failure by us to comply with federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations or associated environmental permits could subject us to the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the imposition of investigatory or remedial obligations, or the issuance of injunctions that could restrict or prevent our ability to operate our business and complete contracted projects.
In addition, under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”), and comparable state and foreign laws, we may be required to investigate and remediate regulated materials. CERCLA and the comparable state laws typically impose liability without regard to whether a company knew of or caused the release, and liability for the entire cost of clean-up can be imposed upon any responsible party.
We are subject to numerous other laws and regulations including those related to business registrations and licenses, environment, workplace, employment, health and safety. These laws and regulations are complex, change frequently and could become more stringent in the future. It is impossible to predict the effect on us of any future changes to these laws and regulations. We can provide no absolute assurance that our operations will continue to comply with future laws and regulations or that the costs to comply with these laws and regulations and/or a failure to comply with these laws will not significantly adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of “greenhouse gases” could result in reduced demand for our services and products. 
There has been an increased focus in the last several years on climate change in response to findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases present an endangerment to public health and the environment. As a result, there have been a variety of regulatory developments, proposals or requirements and legislative initiatives that have been introduced in the U.S. (and other parts of the world) that are focused on restricting the emission of greenhouse gases. The adoption of new or more stringent legislation or regulatory programs limiting greenhouse gas emissions from customers for whom we provide services could affect demand for our products and services. Further, some scientists have concluded that increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may produce physical effects, such as increased severity and frequency of storms, droughts, floods and other climate events. Such climate events have the potential to adversely affect our operations or those of our customers, which in turn could have a negative effect on us.
A failure or outage in our operational systems or cyber security attacks on any of our systems, or those of third parties, may adversely affect our financial results.
We have become more reliant on technology to help increase efficiency in our business. We use numerous technologies to help run our operations, and this may subject our business to increased risks. Any cyber security attack that affects our facilities, our systems, our customers and any of our financial data could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, a cyber-attack on our customer and employee data may result in a financial loss, including potential fines for failure to safeguard data, and may negatively impact our reputation. Third-party systems on which we rely could also suffer system failure. Any of these occurrences could disrupt our business, result in potential liability or reputational damage or otherwise have an adverse effect on our financial results.
We have experienced cybersecurity threats to our information technology infrastructure and have experienced cyber-attacks, attempts to breach our systems and other similar incidents. Such prior events have not had a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, future threats could cause harm to our business and our reputation, as well as negatively impact our results of operations materially. Our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all the costs related to cyber-attacks or disruptions resulting from such events.
Any security breach resulting in the unauthorized use or disclosure of certain personal information could put individuals at risk of identity theft and financial or other harm and result in costs to the Company in investigation, remediation, legal defense and in liability to parties who are financially harmed. We may incur significant costs to protect against the threat of information security


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breaches or to respond to or alleviate problems caused by such breaches. For example, laws may require notification to regulators, clients or employees and enlisting credit monitoring or identity theft protection in the event of a privacy breach. A cybersecurity attack could also be directed at our systems and result in interruptions in our operations or delivery of services to our clients and their customers. Furthermore, a material security breach could cause us to lose revenues, lose clients or cause damage to our reputation.
We rely on internally and externally developed software applications and systems to support critical functions including project management, estimating, scheduling, human resources, accounting, and financial reporting. Any sudden loss, disruption or unexpected costs to maintain these systems could significantly increase our operational expense as well as disrupt the management of our business operations.
We rely on various software systems to conduct our critical operating and administrative functions.  We depend on our software vendors to provide long-term software maintenance support for our information systems.  Software vendors may decide to discontinue further development, integration or long-term software maintenance support for our information systems, in which case we may need to abandon one or more of our current information systems and migrate some or all of our project management, human resources, estimating, scheduling, accounting and financial information to other systems, thus increasing our operational expense as well as disrupting the management of our business operations.
We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws.
The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to officials or others for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. We operate in parts of the world that have experienced corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. We train our personnel concerning anti-bribery laws and issues, and we also inform our customers, vendors, and others who work for us or on our behalf that they must comply with anti-bribery law requirements. We also have procedures and controls in place to monitor compliance. We cannot assure that our internal controls and procedures always will protect us from the possible reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. If we are found to be liable for anti-bribery law violations (either due to our own acts or our inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others including our partners, agents, subcontractors or suppliers), we could suffer from criminal or civil penalties or other sanctions, including contract cancellations or debarment, and loss of reputation, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. Litigation or investigations relating to alleged or suspected violations of anti-bribery laws, even if ultimately such litigation or investigations demonstrate that we did not violate anti-bribery laws, could be costly and could divert management's attention away from other aspects of our business.
Economic, political and other risks associated with international operations could adversely affect our business.
A portion of our operations are conducted outside the United States, and accordingly, our business is subject to risks associated with doing business internationally, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates, instability in political or economic conditions, difficulty in repatriating cash proceeds, differing employee relations, differing regulatory environments, trade protection measures, and difficulty in administering and enforcing corporate policies which may be different than the normal business practices of local cultures.
Risk Factors Related to Our Common Stock
Our common stock, which is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations could continue in the future, and our stockholders may not be able to resell their shares of common stock at or above the purchase price paid.
The market price of our common stock may change significantly in response to various factors and events beyond our control, including the following:
the risk factors described in this Item 1A;
general conditions in our customers’ industries;
general conditions in the security markets;
the significant concentration of ownership of our common stock in the hands of a small number of institutional investors;
a shortfall in operating revenue or net income from that expected by securities analysts and investors; and


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changes in securities analysts’ estimates of our financial performance or the financial performance of our competitors or companies in our industry.
Some companies that have volatile market prices for their securities have been subject to security class action suits filed against them. If a suit were to be filed against us, regardless of the outcome, it could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Future sales of our common stock may depress our stock price.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market or otherwise, either by us, a member of management or a major stockholder, or the perception that these sales could occur, could depress the market price of our common stock and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities.
We may issue additional equity securities, which could lead to dilution of our issued and outstanding stock.
The issuance of additional common stock, restricted stock units or securities convertible into our common stock could result in dilution of the ownership interest held by existing stockholders. We are authorized to issue, without stockholder approval 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, in one or more series, which may give other stockholders dividend, conversion, voting, and liquidation rights, among other rights, which may be superior to the rights of holders of our common stock. In addition, we are authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, a significant number of additional shares of our common stock and securities convertible into either common stock or preferred stock. 
Shareholder activists could cause a disruption to our business.
An activist investor may indicate disagreement with our strategic direction or capital allocation policies and may seek representation on our Board of Directors. Our business, operating results or financial condition could be adversely affected and may result in, among other things:

increased operating costs, including increased legal expenses, insurance, administrative expenses and associated costs incurred in connection with director election contests;
uncertainties as to our future direction, which could result in the loss of potential business opportunities and could make it more difficult to attract, retain, or motivate qualified personnel, and strain relationships with investors and customers; and
reduction or delay in our ability to effectively execute our current business strategy and to implement new strategies.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None


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Item 2. Properties
The principal properties of Matrix Service Company are as follows:
Location
  
Description of Facility
  
Segment
  
Interest
United States:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tulsa, Oklahoma
  
Corporate headquarters and regional office
  
All segments
  
Leased
Bakersfield, California
 
Regional office
 
All segments
 
Leased
Bellingham, Washington
  
Regional office, fabrication facility and warehouse
  
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
  
Owned
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
 
Regional office
 
Electrical Infrastructure, Oil Gas & Chemical, Industrial
 
Leased
Catoosa, Oklahoma
  
Fabrication facilities, regional office and warehouse
  
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
  
    Leased & Owned (1)
Columbus, Ohio
 
Regional office
 
All segments
 
Leased
Eddystone, Pennsylvania
  
Regional office, fabrication facility and warehouse
  
All segments
  
Leased
Hammond, Indiana
 
Regional office, fabrication facility, and warehouse
 
Oil Gas & Chemical, Industrial
 
Leased
Houston, Texas
  
Regional offices and warehouse
  
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
  
Leased & Owned
Metairie, Louisiana
 
Regional office
 
All segments
 
Leased
Norco, California
 
Regional office and warehouse
 
Storage Solutions, Oil Gas & Chemical
 
Leased
Orange, California
  
Fabrication facility, regional office and warehouse
  
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
  
Leased & Owned
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 
Regional office
 
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
 
Leased
Rahway, New Jersey
  
Regional office and warehouse
  
Electrical Infrastructure, Oil Gas & Chemical, Industrial
  
Leased
Sewickley, Pennsylvania
  
Regional office
  
Oil Gas & Chemical, Storage Solutions, Industrial
  
Leased
Temperance, Michigan
  
Regional office and warehouse
  
Storage Solutions
  
Owned
Tucson, Arizona
  
Regional office and warehouse
  
Industrial, Storage Solutions, Oil Gas & Chemical
  
Leased
International:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Burlington, Ontario, Canada
 
Regional office
 
Electrical Infrastructure, Industrial, Storage Solutions
 
Owned
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
 
Regional office
 
Storage Solutions
 
Leased
Leduc, Alberta, Canada
 
Regional office and warehouse
 
Storage Solutions
 
Leased
Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
  
Regional office and warehouse
  
Storage Solutions
  
Owned
Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
 
Fabrication facility, regional office and warehouse
 
Storage Solutions
 
Owned
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
 
Regional office
 
Storage Solutions
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Certain facilities were constructed by the Company on land acquired through ground leases with renewal options.

In addition to the locations listed above, Matrix has smaller regional locations and temporary office facilities at numerous customer locations throughout the United States and Canada. 


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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We are a party to a number of legal proceedings. We believe that the nature and number of these proceedings are typical for a company of our size engaged in our type of business and that none of these proceedings will result in a material effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or liquidity. 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Section 1503 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act") requires domestic mine operators to disclose violations and orders issued under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (the "Mine Act") by the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration. We do not act as owner of any mines, but as a result of our performing services or construction at mine sites as an independent contractor, we may be considered an "operator" within the meaning of the Mine Act.
Information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required to be disclosed in this annual report under Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K is included in Exhibit 95 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


19



PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Market Information
Our common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol "MTRX". Substantially all of our stockholders maintain their shares in "street name" accounts and are not individually stockholders of record. As of July 31, 2019, there were 20 holders of record of our common stock.
Dividend Policy
We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock, and the terms of our Credit Agreement (see Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 5 - Debt for more information about our Credit Agreement) limit the amount of cash dividends we can pay. Under our Credit Agreement, we may declare and pay cash dividends on our capital stock during any fiscal year up to an amount which, when added to all other cash dividends paid during such fiscal year, does not exceed 50% of our cumulative net income for such fiscal year to date. While we currently do not intend to pay cash dividends, any future dividend payments will depend on our financial condition, capital requirements and earnings as well as other relevant factors.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our Credit Agreement limits the Company's purchases of its equity securities to $30.0 million in any calendar year. The table below sets forth the information with respect to purchases made by the Company of its common stock during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019:
 
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid
Per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
 
Maximum Number of
Shares That May Yet
Be Purchased
Under the Plans
or Programs (C)
April 1 to April 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share Repurchase Program (A)
 

 

 

 
2,396,643

Employee Transactions (B)
 

 

 

 
 
May 1 to May 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share Repurchase Program (A)
 

 

 

 
2,396,643

Employee Transactions (B)
 

 

 

 
 
June 1 to June 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share Repurchase Program (A)
 

 

 

 
2,396,643

Employee Transactions (B)
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(A)
Represents shares purchased under our stock buyback program.
(B)
Represents shares withheld to satisfy the employee’s tax withholding obligation that is incurred upon the vesting of deferred shares granted under the Company’s stock incentive plans.
(C)
On November 6, 2018, the Board of Directors approved a new stock buyback program (the “November 2018 Program”), which replaced the December 2016 Program. Under the November 2018 Program, the Company may repurchase common stock of the Company up to a maximum of $30.0 million per calendar year provided that the aggregate number of shares repurchased may not exceed 10%, or approximately 2.7 million, of the Company's shares outstanding as of November 6, 2018. The November 2018 Program will continue unless and until it is modified or revoked by the Board of Directors.


20


Item 6. Selected Financial Data


Selected Financial Data
(In thousands, except percentages and per share data)
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
 2018(1)
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2016
 
June 30,
2015
 
Revenues
 
$
1,416,680

 
$
1,091,553

 
$
1,197,509

 
$
1,311,917

 
$
1,343,135

 
Cost of revenues
 
1,284,729

 
999,617

 
1,116,506

 
1,185,926

 
1,255,765

 
Gross profit
 
131,951

 
91,936

 
81,003

 
125,991

 
87,370

 
Gross margin %
 
9.3
%
 
8.4
 %
 
6.8
%
 
9.6
%
 
6.5
%
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
94,021

 
84,417

 
76,144

 
85,109

 
78,568

 
Selling, general and administrative %
 
6.6
%
 
7.7
 %
 
6.4
%
 
6.5
%
 
5.8
%
 
Operating income (loss)
 
37,930

 
(10,479
)
 
4,859

 
40,882

 
8,802

 
Operating income (loss) %
 
2.7
%
 
(1.0
)%
 
0.4
%
 
3.1
%
 
0.7
%
 
Net income (loss)
 
27,982

 
(11,480
)
 
138

 
25,537

 
(1,898
)
 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 

 
321

 
(3,326
)
 
(19,055
)
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company
 
27,982

 
(11,480
)
 
(183
)
 
28,863

 
17,157

 
Earnings (loss) per share-basic
 
1.04

 
(0.43
)
 
(0.01
)
 
1.09

 
0.64

 
Earnings (loss) per share-diluted
 
1.01

 
(0.43
)
 
(0.01
)
 
1.07

 
0.63

 
Working capital
 
141,811

 
118,581

 
139,654

 
129,416

 
114,209

 
Total assets
 
633,394

 
558,033

 
586,030

 
564,967

 
561,689

 
Long-term debt
 
5,347

 

 
44,682

 

 
8,804

 
Capital expenditures
 
19,558

 
8,711

 
11,908

 
13,939

 
15,773

 
Cash flows provided (used) by operations
 
41,394

 
74,671

 
(18,746
)
 
33,587

 
26,240

 
Backlog
 
1,098,349

 
1,218,596

 
682,273

 
868,672

 
1,420,598

 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Intangible asset impairment charges totaling $18.0 million were included in the Company's fiscal 2018 operating results.

Refer to the Results of Operations section included in Part II, Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of the impacts of business combinations and contract charges that materially impacted the comparability of information in the Selected Financial Data table above, particularly for the fiscal year ended 2019 in comparison to the fiscal year ended 2018, and the fiscal year ended 2018 in comparison to the fiscal year ended 2017.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). GAAP represents a comprehensive set of accounting and disclosure rules and requirements, the application of which requires management judgments and estimates including, in certain circumstances, choices between acceptable GAAP alternatives. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, if any, at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Note 1- Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, contains a comprehensive summary of our significant accounting policies. The following is a discussion of our most critical accounting policies, estimates, judgments and uncertainties that are inherent in our application of GAAP.


21


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Revenue Recognition
General Information about our Contracts with Customers
Our revenues come from contracts to provide engineering, procurement, fabrication and construction, repair and maintenance and other services. Our engineering, procurement and fabrication and construction services are usually provided in association with capital projects, which commonly are fixed price contracts and are billed based on project milestones. Our repair and maintenance services typically are cost reimbursable or time and material based contracts and are billed monthly or, for projects of short duration, at the conclusion of the project. The elapsed time from award to completion of performance may be in excess of one year for capital projects.
Step 1: Contract Identification
We do not recognize revenue unless we have identified a contract with a customer. A contract with a customer exists when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights and obligations of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance, and collectibility is probable. We also evaluate whether a contract should be combined with other contracts and accounted for as one single contract. This evaluation requires judgment and could change the timing of the amount of revenue and profit recorded for a given period.
Step 2: Identify Performance Obligations
Next, we identify each performance obligation in the contract. A performance obligation is a promise to provide a distinct good or service or a series of distinct goods or services to the customer. Revenue is recognized separately for each performance obligation in the contract. Many of our contracts have one clearly identifiable performance obligation. However, many of our contracts provide the customer an integrated service that includes two or more of the following services: engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, repair and maintenance services. For these contracts, we do not consider the integrated services to be distinct within the context of the contract when the separate scopes of work combine into a single commercial objective or capability for the customer. Accordingly, we generally identify one performance obligation in our contracts. The determination of the number of performance obligations in a contract requires significant judgment and could change the timing of the amount of revenue recorded for a given period.
Step 3: Determine Contract Price
After determining the performance obligations in the contract, we determine the contract price. The contract price is the amount of consideration we expect to receive from the customer for completing the performance obligation(s). In a fixed price contract, the contract price is a single lump-sum amount. In reimbursable and time and materials based contracts, the contract price is determined by the agreed upon rates or reimbursements for time and materials expended in completing the performance obligation(s) in the contract.
A number of our contracts contain various cost and performance incentives and penalties that can either increase or decrease the contract price. These variable consideration amounts are generally earned or incurred based on certain performance metrics, most commonly related to project schedule or cost targets. We estimate variable consideration at the most likely amount of additional consideration to be received (or paid in the case of penalties), provided that meeting the variable condition is probable. We include estimated amounts of variable consideration in the contract price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the contract price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us. We reassess the amount of variable consideration each accounting period until the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Changes in the assessed amount of variable consideration are accounted for prospectively as a cumulative adjustment to revenue recognized in the current period.
Step 4: Assign Contract Price to Performance Obligations
After determining the contract price, we assign such price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract. If a contract has multiple performance obligations, we assign the contract price to each performance obligation based on the stand-alone selling prices of the distinct services that comprise each performance obligation.


22


Step 5: Recognize Revenue as Performance Obligations are Satisfied
We record revenue for contracts with our customers as we satisfy the contracts' performance obligations. We recognize revenue on performance obligations associated with fixed price contracts for engineering, procurement and construction services over time since these services create or enhance assets the customer controls as they are being created or enhanced. We measure progress of satisfying these performance obligations by using the percentage-of-completion method, which is based on costs incurred to date compared to the total estimated costs at completion, since it best depicts the transfer of control of assets being created or enhanced to the customer.
We recognize revenue over time for reimbursable and time and material based repair and maintenance contracts since the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefit of those services as we perform work under the contract. As a practical expedient allowed under the revenue accounting standards, we record revenue for these contracts in the amount to which we have a right to invoice for the services performed provided that we have a right to consideration from the customer in an amount that corresponds directly with the value of the performance completed to date.
Costs incurred may include direct labor, direct materials, subcontractor costs and indirect costs, such as salaries and benefits, supplies and tools, equipment costs and insurance costs. Indirect costs are charged to projects based upon direct costs and overhead allocation rates per dollar of direct costs incurred or direct labor hours worked. Typically, customer contracts will include standard warranties that provide assurance that products and services will function as expected. The Company does not sell separate warranties.
We have numerous contracts that are in various stages of completion which require estimates to determine the forecasted costs at completion. Due to the nature of the work left to be performed on many of our contracts, the estimation of total cost at completion for fixed price contracts is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. Estimates of total cost at completion are made each period and changes in these estimates are accounted for prospectively as cumulative adjustments to revenue recognized in the current period. If estimates of costs to complete fixed price contracts indicate a loss, a provision is made through a contract write-down for the total loss anticipated.
Change Orders
Contracts are often modified through change orders, which are changes to the agreed upon scope of work. Most of our change orders, which may be priced or unpriced, are for goods or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration of services provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a change order on the contract price and our measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis. For unpriced change orders, we estimate the increase or decrease to the contract price using the variable consideration method described in the Step 3: Determine Contract Price paragraph above. Unpriced change orders are more fully discussed in Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies.
Claims
Sometimes we seek claims for amounts in excess of the contract price for delays, errors in specifications and designs, contract terminations, change orders in dispute or other causes of additional costs incurred by us. Recognition of amounts as additional contract price related to claims is appropriate only if there is a legal basis for the claim. The determination of our legal basis for a claim requires significant judgment. We estimate the change to the contract price using the variable consideration method described in the Step 3: Determine Contract Price paragraph above. Claims are more fully discussed in Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies.
Unpriced Change Orders and Claims
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts included revenues for unpriced change orders and claims of $10.1 million at June 30, 2019 and $15.0 million at June 30, 2018. The amounts ultimately realized may be significantly different than the recorded amounts resulting in a material adjustment to future earnings. Generally, collection of amounts related to unpriced change orders and claims is expected within twelve months. However, customers may not pay these amounts until final resolution of related claims, and accordingly, collection of these amounts may extend beyond one year.


23


Loss Contingencies
Various legal actions, claims, and other contingencies arise in the normal course of our business. Contingencies are recorded in the consolidated financial statements, or are otherwise disclosed, in accordance with Accounting Standard Codification ("ASC") Topic 450-20, “Loss Contingencies”. Specific reserves are provided for loss contingencies to the extent we conclude that a loss is both probable and estimable. We use a case-by-case evaluation of the underlying data and update our evaluation as further information becomes known. We believe that any amounts exceeding our recorded accruals should not materially affect our financial position, results of operations or liquidity. However, the results of litigation are inherently unpredictable and the possibility exists that the ultimate resolution of one or more of these matters could result in a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
Legal costs are expensed as incurred.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of acquisitions over the acquisition date fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. In accordance with current accounting guidance, goodwill is not amortized and is tested at least annually for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is a level below our reportable segments.
We perform our annual test during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year and in any other period in which indicators of impairment warrant additional tests. The goodwill impairment test involves comparing management’s estimate of the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then goodwill is not impaired. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then goodwill is impaired to the extent of the difference, but the impairment may not exceed the balance of goodwill assigned to that reporting unit. We performed our annual goodwill impairment test as of May 31, 2019, which indicated no impairment.
We utilize a discounted cash flow analysis, referred to as an income approach, and market multiples, referred to as a market approach, to determine the estimated fair value of our reporting units. For the income approach, significant judgments and assumptions, including forecasted project awards, discount rate, anticipated revenue growth rate, gross margins, operating expenses, working capital needs and capital expenditures, are inherent in the fair value estimates, which are based on our operating and capital budgets and on our strategic plan. As a result, actual results may differ from the estimates utilized in our income approach. For the market approach, significant judgments and assumptions include the selection of guideline companies and our forecasted EBITDA. The use of alternate judgments and/or assumptions could result in a fair value that differs from our estimate and could result in the recognition of an impairment charge in the financial statements. As a test for reasonableness, we also consider the combined estimated fair values of our reporting units to our market capitalization.
We also consider the amount of headroom for each reporting unit when determining whether an impairment existed. We define "headroom" as the percentage difference between the fair value of a reporting unit and its carrying value. The amount of headroom varies by reporting unit. Our significant assumptions, including revenue growth rates, gross margins, discount rate and other factors may change in light of changes in the economic and competitive environment in which we operate. Assuming that all other components of our fair value estimate remain unchanged, a change in the following assumptions would have the following effect on headroom:
 
 
Headroom Sensitivity Analysis
 
 
Goodwill as of June 30, 2019 (in thousands) (1)
 
Baseline Headroom
 
Headroom if Revenue Growth Rate
Declines by 100 Basis Points
 
Headroom if Gross Margin
Declines by 100 Basis Points
 
Headroom if Discount Rate Increases by 100 Basis Points
Reporting Unit 1
 
$
24,904

 
21%
 
18%
 
-5%
 
8%
Reporting Unit 2
 
$
16,892

 
11%
 
5%
 
-4%
 
1%
Reporting Unit 3
 
$
7,981

 
10%
 
6%
 
-17%
 
1%
Reporting Unit 4
 
$
6,112

 
38%
 
30%
 
-1%
 
24%
All other reporting units
 
$
37,479

 
43% to 987%
 
35% to 941%
 
25% to 812%
 
28% to 860%
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
In August 2018, the Company disposed of a business that marketed process heating equipment, which reduced goodwill by $2.8 million. The business disposed of constituted its own reporting unit and the amount of goodwill written off was all of the goodwill assigned to that reporting unit. None of the goodwill was considered impaired since the Company recorded a gain on the disposal. See Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 3 - Acquisitions and Disposals for more information about the disposal.


24


The fiscal 2019 test indicated that some reporting units were at higher risk of future impairment than others. If the market view of project opportunities or gross margins deteriorates next year prior to the annual test, an interim test may be required, particularly for the higher risk reporting units, which could result in a material impairment of goodwill.
Income Taxes
We use the asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed annually for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances based on our judgments and estimates are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized in future operating results. Company management believes that realization of deferred tax assets in excess of the valuation allowance is more likely than not. Our estimates are based on facts and circumstances in existence as well as interpretations of existing tax regulations and laws applied to the facts and circumstances, with the help of professional tax advisors. Therefore, we estimate and provide for amounts of additional income taxes that may be assessed by the various taxing authorities.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards    
Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)
On February 25, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 that amends accounting for leases. Under the new guidance, lessees will recognize the following for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the lease commencement date: (1) a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and (2) a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. The Company plans to apply the new leases standard using the modified retrospective method, which recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years.
We currently expect to recognize between $23 million and $28 million of operating right-of-use lease assets and liabilities upon adoption during the first quarter of fiscal 2020. We are not expecting the modified retrospective adjustment to retained earnings upon adoption to be material, and we do not expect the ASU will have a material impact on our future operating results or cash flows. Our conclusions are preliminary and could change once we finalize the implementation during the first fiscal quarter of fiscal 2020.
Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments
On June 16, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, which will change how the Company accounts for credit losses, including those related to its trade accounts receivable. The amendments in this update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The income statement will reflect any increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectibility of the reported amount.
Current GAAP delays the recognition of the full amount of credit losses until the loss is probable of occurring. The amendments in this update eliminate the probable initial recognition threshold and, instead, reflect the Company's current estimate of all expected credit losses. In addition, current guidance limits the information the Company may consider in measuring a credit loss to its past events and current conditions.
The amendments in this update broaden the information the Company may consider in developing its expected credit loss estimate to include forecasted information. The Company will adopt these amendments on July 1, 2020. The Company must apply the amendments in this update through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. At this time, the Company does not expect this update will have a material impact on its estimate of the allowance for uncollectible accounts.


25


Results of Operations
Overview
We operate our business through four reportable segments: Electrical Infrastructure; Oil Gas & Chemical; Storage Solutions; and Industrial.
The Electrical Infrastructure segment consists of power delivery services provided to investor owned utilities, including construction of new substations, upgrades of existing substations, short-run transmission line installations, distribution upgrades and maintenance, as well as emergency and storm restoration services. We also provide construction and maintenance services to a variety of power generation facilities, such as combined cycle plants and other natural gas fired power stations.
The Oil Gas & Chemical segment serves customers primarily in the downstream and midstream petroleum industries who are engaged in refining crude oil and processing, fractionating, and marketing of natural gas and natural gas liquids. We also perform work in the petrochemical, upstream petroleum, and sulfur extraction, recovery and processing markets. Our services include plant maintenance, turnarounds, engineering and capital construction. We also offer industrial cleaning services, including hydro-blasting, hydro-excavating, advanced chemical cleaning and vacuum services.
The Storage Solutions segment consists of work related to aboveground storage tanks ("AST") and terminals. Also included in this segment are cryogenic and other specialty storage tanks and terminals including liquefied natural gas, liquid nitrogen/liquid oxygen, liquid petroleum and other specialty vessels such as spheres as well as marine structures and truck and rail loading/offloading facilities. Our services include engineering, fabrication and construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services for both tanks and full terminals. Finally, we offer AST products, including geodesic domes, aluminum internal floating roofs, floating suction and skimmer systems, roof drain systems and floating roof seals.
The Industrial segment consists of work for integrated iron and steel companies, major mining and minerals companies engaged primarily in the extraction of copper, as well as companies in other industries, including aerospace and defense, cement, and agriculture and grain. Our services include engineering, fabrication and construction, and maintenance and repair, which includes planned and emergency services. We also design instrumentation and control systems and offer specialized expertise in the design and construction of bulk material handling systems.
The majority of the work for all segments is performed in the United States, with 3.4% of revenues generated internationally during fiscal 2019, 10.1% in fiscal 2018 and 19.7% in fiscal 2017. The percentage of revenues generated internationally decreased in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017 due to the completion of a significant Canadian power generation project in our Electrical Infrastructure segment in fiscal 2018.


26


Significant period to period changes in revenues, gross profits and operating results are discussed below on a consolidated basis and for each segment:
Matrix Service Company
Results of Operations
(In thousands)
 
 
Electrical
Infrastructure
 
Oil Gas &
Chemical
 
Storage
Solutions
 
Industrial
 
Total
Fiscal Year 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
217,417

 
$
319,867

 
$
521,932

 
$
357,464

 
$
1,416,680

Gross profit
 
15,470

 
35,987

 
56,011

 
24,483

 
131,951

Gross profit %
 
7.1
 %

11.3
 %

10.7
 %

6.8
 %

9.3
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
11,802

 
23,003

 
41,914

 
17,302

 
94,021

Operating income
 
3,668

 
12,984

 
14,097

 
7,181

 
37,930

Operating income %
 
1.7
 %

4.1
 %

2.7
 %

2.0
 %

2.7
 %
Fiscal Year 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
255,931

 
$
322,772

 
$
314,696

 
$
198,154

 
$
1,091,553

Gross profit
 
18,300

 
33,423

 
25,778

 
14,435

 
91,936

Gross profit %
 
7.2
 %

10.4
 %

8.2
 %

7.3
 %

8.4
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
17,550

 
23,908

 
31,685

 
11,274

 
84,417

Operating income (loss)
 
(16,531
)
 
8,798

 
(5,907
)
 
3,161

 
(10,479
)
Operating income (loss) %
 
(6.5
)%

2.7
 %

(1.9
)%

1.6
 %

(1.0
)%
Fiscal Year 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
373,384

 
$
240,523

 
$
481,696

 
$
101,906

 
$
1,197,509

Gross profit
 
7,137

 
12,675

 
55,651

 
5,540

 
81,003

Gross profit %
 
1.9
 %

5.3
 %

11.6
 %

5.4
 %

6.8
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
15,446

 
21,458

 
32,723

 
6,517

 
76,144

Operating income (loss)
 
(8,309
)
 
(8,783
)
 
22,928

 
(977
)
 
4,859

Operating income (loss) %
 
(2.2
)%

(3.7
)%

4.8
 %

(1.0
)%

0.4
 %
Variances Fiscal Year 2019 to Fiscal Year 2018 Increase/(Decrease)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
(38,514
)
 
$
(2,905
)
 
$
207,236

 
$
159,310

 
$
325,127

Gross profit
 
(2,830
)
 
2,564

 
30,233

 
10,048

 
40,015

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
(5,748
)
 
(905
)
 
10,229

 
6,028

 
9,604

Operating income
 
20,199

 
4,186

 
20,004

 
4,020

 
48,409

Variances Fiscal Year 2018 to Fiscal Year 2017 Increase/(Decrease)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
(117,453
)
 
$
82,249

 
$
(167,000
)
 
$
96,248

 
$
(105,956
)
Gross profit
 
11,163

 
20,748

 
(29,873
)
 
8,895

 
10,933

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
2,104

 
2,450

 
(1,038
)
 
4,757

 
8,273

Operating income
 
(8,222
)
 
17,581

 
(28,835
)
 
4,138

 
(15,338
)



27


Fiscal 2019 Versus Fiscal 2018
Consolidated
Consolidated revenue was $1.417 billion for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019, compared to $1.092 billion in fiscal 2018. On a segment basis, consolidated revenue increased in the Storage Solutions and Industrial segments by $207.2 million and $159.3 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by decreases in consolidated revenue for the Electrical Infrastructure and Oil Gas & Chemical segments of $38.5 million and $2.9 million, respectively.
Consolidated gross profit was $132.0 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $91.9 million in fiscal 2018. Gross margin increased to 9.3% in fiscal 2019 compared to 8.4% in fiscal 2018. Fiscal 2019 was positively impacted by higher revenue volumes, which led to improved recovery of construction overhead costs. Additionally, during the first half of fiscal 2019, the gross margin was negatively impacted by the wind down of lower margin work awarded in a highly competitive environment. In the second half of fiscal 2019, the gross margin was positively impacted by increased volumes of higher margin capital work awarded in an improved business environment.
Consolidated SG&A expenses were $94.0 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $84.4 million in fiscal 2018. The increase in fiscal 2019 was primarily due to improved operating results, which led to higher incentive compensation expense, investment in personnel to support increased revenue, and higher stock compensation expense. These increases were partially offset by lower amortization expense on intangible assets that fully amortized in fiscal 2018.
Interest expense was $1.3 million in fiscal 2019 and $2.6 million in fiscal 2018. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to a lower average debt balance during fiscal 2019. Interest income was $1.2 million during fiscal 2019 compared to $0.4 million in fiscal 2018 due to an increase in our average cash balance and higher short-term interest rates.
Our effective tax rate for fiscal 2019 was 27.2% compared to 5.5% in fiscal 2018. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2019 was negatively impacted by $4.5 million of valuation allowances placed on net operating loss carryforwards and foreign tax credits generated by our branch operations in Canada, which we believe will not be utilized prior to their expiration, and $1.2 million of non-deductible expenses. These negative impacts were largely offset by the reversal of $3.5 million of branch liabilities associated with the valuation allowances placed on our Canadian branch net operating loss carryforwards and foreign tax credits, $2.0 million of research and development and other tax credits and $0.3 million of excess tax benefits related to the vesting of stock-based compensation. A full analysis of the Company's provision for income taxes is included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 6 - Income Taxes. The rate for fiscal 2018 was negatively impacted by the impairment of $8.3 million of non-deductible goodwill and by a $0.8 million valuation allowance recorded on a deferred tax asset in connection with stock-based compensation. In fiscal 2020, we expect our effective income tax rate to be 27.0%.
In fiscal 2019, net income was $28.0 million, or $1.01 per fully diluted share, compared to a net loss of $11.5 million, or $0.43 per fully diluted share, in fiscal 2018.
Electrical Infrastructure
Revenue for the Electrical Infrastructure segment decreased $38.5 million to $217.4 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $255.9 million in fiscal 2018. The decrease is primarily due to the strategic shift away from EPC power generation projects and lower volumes of power delivery work, partially offset by higher volumes of power generation package work. The segment gross margin was 7.1% in fiscal 2019 compared to 7.2% in the same period last year. The segment gross margins in both fiscal 2019 and 2018 were negatively impacted by lower than previously forecasted margins on a limited number of power delivery projects. In fiscal 2019, we expanded our power delivery business geographically, however, the margins on this work did not meet our expectations. The fiscal 2019 segment margin was also negatively impacted when the proceeds from the settlement of a customer dispute were less than previously anticipated. The negative impacts to the fiscal 2019 segment gross margin were partially offset by strong project execution on power generation package work. The fiscal 2018 segment gross margin was also negatively impacted by higher construction overhead costs.
Oil Gas & Chemical
Revenue for the Oil Gas & Chemical segment was $319.9 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $322.8 million in the same period a year earlier. The decrease of $2.9 million is primarily due to lower volumes of engineering and capital work, largely offset by higher volumes of turnaround and maintenance work. The segment gross margin was 11.3% in fiscal 2019 compared to 10.4% in the same period last year. Project execution was strong in both fiscal 2019 and 2018. Fiscal 2019 was also positively impacted by improved recovery of overhead costs.


28


Storage Solutions
Revenue for the Storage Solutions segment was $521.9 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $314.7 million in fiscal 2018, an increase of $207.2 million. The increase in segment revenue is primarily a result of increased tank and terminal construction work, and higher levels of repair and maintenance spending by our customers. The segment gross margin was 10.7% in fiscal 2019 compared to 8.2% in fiscal 2018. During the first half of fiscal 2019, the segment gross margin was negatively impacted by the wind down of lower margin work awarded in a highly competitive environment and lower than previously forecasted margins on a limited number of those projects. In the second half of fiscal 2019, the segment gross margin was positively impacted by increased volumes of higher margin work on capital projects awarded in an improved business environment, which also led to improved recovery of construction overhead costs. The fiscal 2018 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by lower margin work awarded in a highly competitive environment and lower volumes, which led to the under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Industrial
Revenue for the Industrial segment was $357.5 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $198.2 million in fiscal 2018, an increase of $159.3 million. The increase in revenue is primarily attributable to higher volumes of iron and steel spending and increased thermal vacuum chamber work. The segment gross margin was 6.8% in fiscal 2019 compared to 7.3% in fiscal 2018. The fiscal 2019 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by a lower than previously forecasted margin on a thermal vacuum chamber project nearing completion, partially offset by improved gross margins on iron and steel work.
Fiscal 2018 Versus Fiscal 2017
Consolidated
Consolidated revenue was $1.092 billion for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, compared to $1.198 billion in fiscal 2017. On a segment basis, consolidated revenue decreased in the Storage Solutions and Electrical Infrastructure segments by $167.0 million and $117.5 million, respectively. These decreases were partially offset by increases in consolidated revenue for the Industrial and Oil Gas & Chemical segments of $96.3 million and $82.3 million, respectively.
Consolidated gross profit was $91.9 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $81.0 million in fiscal 2017. Gross margin increased to 8.4% in fiscal 2018 compared to 6.8% in fiscal 2017. The increase in gross margin in fiscal 2018 is primarily attributable to the financial impact of a large power generation project in the Electrical Infrastructure segment in fiscal 2017 and better recovery of overhead costs in fiscal 2018.
Consolidated SG&A expenses were $84.4 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $76.1 million in fiscal 2017. The increase in fiscal 2018 is primarily attributable to overhead associated with a mid-year fiscal 2017 acquisition (see Note 3 - Acquisitions and Disposals, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data) that expanded the Company's engineering business, as well as higher project pursuit costs.
We performed our annual goodwill impairment test as of May 31, 2018. The test indicated that the carrying amount of our Electrical Infrastructure reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value, resulting in an impairment to goodwill of $17.3 million. The impairment was triggered by lower financial projections as a result of the Company's decision to shift its strategy away from EPC power generation projects to smaller, individual packages that better fit the Company's strategy and risk profile, and the recent trend of sluggish maintenance and capital spending by some key clients in our Northeast and Mid-Atlantic high voltage markets. We also recorded an impairment of $0.7 million associated with the customer relationships of a previous acquisition. This impairment was recorded in the Oil Gas & Chemical segment.
Net interest expense was $2.2 million in fiscal 2018 and $2.1 million in fiscal 2017. Interest expense in both fiscal years is primarily attributable to borrowings used to fund a mid-year fiscal 2017 acquisition, borrowings used to fund working capital requirements for a major project in the Electrical Infrastructure segment, and an increase in the unused senior secured revolving credit facility fee. The Company repaid all of its outstanding debt under its senior secured revolving credit facility in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018.
As a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and its transitional application to our June 30 fiscal year end, we expected our effective income tax rate to be approximately 32.0% during fiscal 2018. Our effective tax rate for fiscal 2018 was 5.5% compared to 94.4% in fiscal 2017. The rate for fiscal 2018 was negatively impacted by the impairment of $8.3 million of non-deductible goodwill and by a $0.8 million valuation allowance recorded on a deferred tax asset in connection with stock-based compensation. The fiscal 2017 tax rate was negatively impacted, in part, by the Electrical Infrastructure project discussed above. The loss on this project produced a tax benefit in Canada, which had a lower tax rate than the U.S. during fiscal 2017. At the same time, the Company earned most of its taxable income domestically, which was taxed at a higher rate. A full analysis of the Company's provision for income taxes is included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 6 - Income Taxes.


29


In fiscal 2018, the Company had a net loss of $11.5 million, or $0.43 per fully diluted share, compared to a net loss of $0.2 million, or $0.01 per fully diluted share, in fiscal 2017.
Electrical Infrastructure
Revenue for the Electrical Infrastructure segment decreased $117.5 million to $255.9 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $373.4 million in fiscal 2017. The decrease is due to the expected reduction in power generation revenue in connection with our strategic decision to exit full EPC power generation work and a reduction in high voltage revenue. The segment gross margin of 7.2% in fiscal 2018 was impacted by under recovery of construction overhead costs, lower than expected direct margins and increased competition. The fiscal 2017 segment gross margin was 1.9%, which was primarily attributable to the financial impact of an increased cost estimate on the power generating facility project mentioned above that was caused by various factors that delayed schedule progress and reduced productivity.
Oil Gas & Chemical
Revenue for the Oil Gas & Chemical segment was $322.8 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $240.5 million in the same period a year earlier. The increase of $82.3 million is primarily attributable to higher turnaround and maintenance and construction volumes. The segment gross margin was 10.4% in fiscal 2018 compared to 5.3% in the same period last year. The segment gross margin for fiscal 2018 was positively impacted by strong project execution and improved recovery of construction overhead costs. Fiscal 2017 gross margin was negatively impacted by project execution and lower volume which led to higher under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Storage Solutions
Revenue for the Storage Solutions segment was $314.7 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $481.7 million in fiscal 2017, a decrease of $167.0 million. The decrease in segment revenue is primarily the result of delays in project awards during fiscal 2017 and the first half of fiscal 2018, which prevented the Company from replacing higher revenue generated in fiscal 2017 in connection with work on the construction of a significant crude gathering terminals project. The segment gross margin was 8.2% in fiscal 2018 and 11.6% in fiscal 2017. The fiscal 2018 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by lower direct margins and under recovery of construction overhead costs. The fiscal 2017 segment gross margin was supported by strong project execution, partially offset by under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Industrial
Revenue for the Industrial segment was $198.2 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $101.9 million in fiscal 2017, an increase of $96.3 million. The increase in revenue is primarily attributable to higher business volumes in the iron and steel industry. The segment gross margin was 7.3% in fiscal 2018 compared to 5.4% in fiscal 2017. The fiscal 2018 segment gross margin was positively impacted by higher volumes, which led to improved recovery of construction overhead costs, and a favorable project closeout. The fiscal 2017 segment gross margin was negatively impacted by lower than anticipated volumes, which led to under recovery of construction overhead costs.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDA
We have presented Adjusted EBITDA, which we define as net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company before impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, because it is used by the financial community as a method of measuring our performance and of evaluating the market value of companies considered to be in similar businesses. We believe that the line item on our Consolidated Statements of Income entitled “Net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company” is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to Adjusted EBITDA. Since Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, it should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, net earnings as an indicator of operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA, as we calculate it, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. In addition, this measure is not a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. As Adjusted EBITDA excludes certain financial information compared with net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, users of this financial information should consider the type of events and transactions that are excluded. Our non-GAAP performance measure, Adjusted EBITDA, has certain material limitations as follows:




30


It does not include impairments to goodwill and other intangible assets. While impairments to intangible assets are non-cash expenses in the period recognized, cash or other consideration was still transferred in exchange for the intangible assets in the period of the acquisition. Any measure that excludes impairments to intangible assets has material limitations since these expenses represent the loss of an asset that was acquired in exchange for cash or other assets.
 
It does not include interest expense. Because we have borrowed money to finance our operations and to acquire businesses, pay commitment fees to maintain our senior secured revolving credit facility, and incur fees to issue letters of credit under the senior secured revolving credit facility, interest expense is a necessary and ongoing part of our costs and has assisted us in generating revenue. Therefore, any measure that excludes interest expense has material limitations.

It does not include income taxes. Because the payment of income taxes is a necessary and ongoing part of our operations, any measure that excludes income taxes has material limitations.

It does not include depreciation or amortization expense. Because we use capital and intangible assets to generate revenue, depreciation and amortization expense is a necessary element of our cost structure. Therefore, any measure that excludes depreciation or amortization expense has material limitations.
A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company follows:
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
 
(in thousands)
Net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company
$
27,982

 
$
(11,480
)
 
$
(183
)
Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment

 
17,998

 

Interest expense
1,296

 
2,600

 
2,211

Provision (benefit) for federal, state and foreign income taxes
10,430

 
(668
)
 
2,308

Depreciation and amortization
18,224

 
20,347

 
21,602

Adjusted EBITDA
$
57,932

 
$
28,797

 
$
25,938

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Overview
We define liquidity as the ability to pay our liabilities as they become due, fund business operations and meet all contractual and financial obligations. Our primary sources of liquidity in fiscal 2019 were cash and cash equivalents on hand, capacity under our senior secured revolving credit facility and cash generated from operations. Cash and cash equivalents on hand at June 30, 2019 totaled $89.7 million and availability under the senior secured revolving credit facility totaled $152.2 million, resulting in total liquidity of $241.9 million. We expect to fund our operations for the next twelve months through the use of cash generated from operations, existing cash and cash equivalents balances and borrowings under our senior secured revolving credit facility, as necessary. The Company's liquidity continues to be adequate to support its long-term strategic growth plans.
The following table provides a summary of changes in our liquidity for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 (in thousands):
Liquidity as of June 30, 2018
$
137,243

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
25,658

Decrease in credit facility capacity constraint
95,418

Net borrowings on credit facility
(5,329
)
Increase in letters of credit outstanding
(11,074
)
Foreign currency translation of outstanding borrowings
(18
)
Liquidity as of June 30, 2019
$
241,898



31


Factors that routinely impact our short-term liquidity and that may impact our long-term liquidity include, but are not limited to:
Changes in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts and billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs due to contract terms that determine the timing of billings to customers and the collection of those billings:
Some cost plus and fixed price customer contracts are billed based on milestones which may require us to incur significant expenditures prior to collections from our customers.
Time and material contracts are normally billed in arrears. Therefore, we are routinely required to carry these costs until they can be billed and collected.
Some of our large construction projects may require security in the form of letters of credit or significant retentions. The timing of collection of retentions is often uncertain.
Other changes in working capital.
Capital expenditures.
Other factors that may impact both short and long-term liquidity include:
Acquisitions and disposals of businesses.
Strategic investments in new operations.
Purchases of shares under our stock buyback program.
Contract disputes which can be significant.
Collection issues, including those caused by weak commodity prices or other factors which can lead to credit deterioration of our customers.
Capacity constraints under our senior secured revolving credit facility and remaining in compliance with all covenants contained in the Credit Agreement.
Issuances of letters of credit.
Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities
Cash flows provided by operating activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 totaled $41.4 million. Major components of cash flows from operating activities for the year ending June 30, 2019 are as follows: 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
(In thousands)
 
Net income
$
27,982

Non-cash expenses
28,856

Deferred income tax
2,061

Cash effect of changes in working capital, net of disposition
(18,206
)
Other
701

Net cash provided by operating activities
$
41,394

Working capital changes, net of effects of a disposal of a business (see Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 3 - Acquisitions and Disposals), at June 30, 2019 in comparison to June 30, 2018 include the following:
Accounts receivable, net of bad debt expense recognized during the period, increased by $15.4 million during fiscal 2019, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. The increase is primarily due to higher volumes of business and the timing of billing and collections.


32


Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts ("CIE") increased $19.8 million, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. Billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs and estimated earnings ("BIE") decreased $15.0 million, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. CIE and BIE balances can experience significant fluctuations based on the timing of when job costs are incurred and the invoicing of those job costs to the customer.
Inventories increased $2.9 million, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. The increase in inventories is primarily related to aluminum coil purchased to support our storage tank products business.
Other assets and liabilities increased $12.2 million, which decreased cash flows from operating activities. The increase is primarily related to an increase in retentions that are expected to be collected beyond one year in connection with large projects. These increases were partially offset by an increase in net income taxes payable and a decrease in income taxes receivable.
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses increased by $47.1 million, which increased cash flows from operating activities. The variance is primarily attributable to higher volumes of business and the timing of vendor payments.
Cash Flows Used for Investing Activities
Investing activities used $14.4 million of cash in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 primarily due to $19.5 million of capital expenditures, partially offset by $3.9 million of proceeds from the disposal of a business (see Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 3 - Acquisitions and Disposals) and $1.2 million of proceeds from other assets sales. Capital expenditures consisted of: $7.8 million for transportation equipment, $5.9 million for software and office equipment, $5.2 million for construction and fabrication equipment, and $0.6 million for facilities.
Cash Flows Used by Financing Activities
Financing activities used $1.1 million of cash in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 primarily due to share repurchases of $5.2 million and the repurchase of $1.7 million of Company stock for payment of withholding taxes due on equity-based compensation, partially offset by net borrowings of $5.3 million under the Company's senior secured revolving credit facility.
Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility
On February 8, 2017, the Company entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement"), by and among the Company and certain foreign subsidiaries, as Borrowers, various subsidiaries of the Company, as Guarantors, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, Sole Lead Arranger and Sole Bookrunner, and the other Lenders party thereto.
The Credit Agreement provides for a five-year senior secured revolving credit facility of $300.0 million that expires February 8, 2022. The credit facility may be used for working capital, acquisitions, capital expenditures, issuances of letters of credit and other lawful purposes. The Credit Agreement includes the following covenants and borrowing limitations:
Our Leverage Ratio, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter, may not exceed 3.00 to 1.00.
We are required to maintain a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter, greater than or equal to 1.25 to 1.00.
Asset dispositions (other than dispositions in which all of the net cash proceeds therefrom are reinvested into the Company and dispositions of inventory and obsolete or unneeded equipment in the ordinary course of business) are limited to $20.0 million per 12-month period.
The credit facility includes a sub-facility for revolving loans and letters of credit denominated in Australian Dollars, Canadian Dollars, Euros and Pounds Sterling in an aggregate amount not to exceed the U.S. Dollar equivalent of $75.0 million and a $200.0 million sublimit for total letters of credit.


33


Each revolving borrowing under the Credit Agreement will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to:
The ABR or the Adjusted LIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in U.S. Dollars;
The Canadian Prime Rate or the CDOR rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Canadian Dollars;
The Adjusted LIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Pounds Sterling or Australian Dollars; or
The EURIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Euros,
in each case, plus the Applicable Margin, which is based on the Company's Leverage Ratio. The Applicable Margin on ABR loans ranges between 0.625% and 1.625%. The Applicable Margin for Adjusted LIBO, EURIBO and CDOR loans ranges between 1.625% and 2.625% and the Applicable Margin for Canadian Prime Rate loans ranges between 2.125% and 3.125%.
The unused credit facility fee is between 0.25% and 0.45% based on the Leverage Ratio.
The Credit Agreement includes a Leverage Ratio covenant, which provides that Consolidated Funded Indebtedness, as defined in the Credit Agreement, as of the end of any fiscal quarter, may not exceed 3.0 times Consolidated EBITDA, as defined in the Credit Agreement, over the previous four quarters. For the four quarters ended June 30, 2019, Consolidated EBITDA was $68.6 million. Consolidated Funded Indebtedness at June 30, 2019 was $53.5 million.
Consolidated EBITDA, as defined in the Credit Agreement, or "Covenant EBITDA," differs from Adjusted EBITDA, as reported under "Results of Operations - Non-GAAP Financial Measure," in Item 7 primarily because it permits the Company to:
exclude non-cash stock-based compensation expense,
include pro forma EBITDA of acquired businesses as if the acquisition occurred at the beginning of the previous four quarters, and
exclude certain other extraordinary items, as defined in the Credit Agreement.
Availability under the senior secured revolving credit facility is as follows:
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
 
(In thousands)
Senior secured revolving credit facility
 
$
300,000

 
$
300,000

Capacity constraint due to the Leverage Ratio
 
94,323

 
189,741

Capacity under the senior secured revolving credit facility
 
205,677

 
110,259

Letters of credit
 
48,147

 
37,073

Borrowings outstanding
 
5,347

 

Availability under the senior secured revolving credit facility
 
$
152,183

 
$
73,186

The Company is in compliance with all other affirmative, negative, and financial covenants under the Credit Agreement.
At June 30, 2019, the Company was at the lowest margin tier for all categories of loans and the unused revolving credit facility fee under the Credit Agreement.
Dividend Policy
We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock, and the terms of our Credit Agreement limit the amount of cash dividends we can pay. Under our Credit Agreement, we may declare and pay cash dividends on our capital stock during any fiscal year up to an amount which, when added to all other cash dividends paid during such fiscal year, does not exceed 50% of our cumulative net income for such fiscal year to date. While we currently do not intend to pay cash dividends, any future dividend payments will depend on our financial condition, capital requirements and earnings as well as other relevant factors.


34


Treasury Shares
On November 6, 2018, the Board of Directors approved a new stock buyback program (the "November 2018 Program"), which replaced the previous program that had been in place since December 2016 and was set to expire in December 2018. Under the November 2018 Program, the Company may repurchase common stock up to a maximum of $30.0 million per calendar year provided that the aggregate number of shares repurchased may not exceed 10%, or approximately 2.7 million, of the Company's shares outstanding as of November 6, 2018. The Company may repurchase its stock from time to time in the open market at prevailing market prices or in privately negotiated transactions and is not obligated to purchase any shares. The November 2018 Program will continue unless and until it is modified or revoked by the Board of Directors. In December 2018, the Company repurchased 310,532 shares of its common stock for $5.2 million under the November 2018 Program. There were 2,396,643 shares available for repurchase under the November 2018 Program as of June 30, 2019.
In addition to the stock buyback program, the Company may withhold shares of common stock to satisfy the tax withholding obligations upon vesting of an employee’s deferred shares. The Company withheld 79,111 and 52,950 shares of common stock during fiscal 2019 and 2018, respectively, to satisfy these obligations. These shares were returned to the Company’s pool of treasury shares. The Company has 1,081,014 treasury shares as of June 30, 2019 and intends to utilize these treasury shares in connection with equity awards under the Company’s stock incentive plans and for sales to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of June 30, 2019, the following off-balance sheet arrangements were in place to support our ordinary course obligations: 
 
 
Expiration Period
 
 
Less than  1
Year
 
1–3 Years
 
3–5 Years
 
More than  5
Years
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Letters of credit(1)
 
$
26,903

 
$
28,040

 
$

 
$

 
$
54,943

Surety bonds
 
208,694

 
77,111

 

 

 
285,805

Total
 
$
235,597

 
$
105,151

 
$

 
$

 
$
340,748

 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
All letters of credit issued under our senior secured revolving credit facility are in support of our workers’ compensation insurance programs or certain construction contracts. The letters of credit that support our workers’ compensation programs are expected to renew annually through the term of our senior secured revolving credit facility. The letters of credit that support construction contracts carry expiry dates into calendar year 2021. Our Credit Agreement allows exclusion of letters of credit that support our workers' compensation programs when calculating availability under the credit facility. At June 30, 2019, there were $6.8 million of letters of credit that support our workers' compensation programs.
Contractual Obligations
Contractual obligations at June 30, 2019 are summarized below: 
 
 
Contractual Obligations by Expiration Period
 
 
Less than  1
Year
 
1-3 Years
 
3-5 Years
 
More than  5
Years
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Borrowings under senior secured revolving credit facility(1)
 
$

 
$
5,347

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,347

Interest payments on debt(1)
 
1,843

 
2,165

 

 

 
4,008

Operating leases(2)
 
7,758

 
12,899

 
7,046

 
11,715

 
39,418

Purchase obligations
 
1,024

 
1,043

 

 

 
2,067

Total contractual obligations
 
$
10,625

 
$
21,454

 
$
7,046

 
$
11,715

 
$
50,840

 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Assumes total debt principal at June 30, 2019 is carried to maturity with no future borrowings or repayments and no changes to total letters of credit outstanding as of June 30, 2019. Interest payments on debt assumes the margin tier that the Company was at on June 30, 2019, which is the lowest margin tier under the Credit Agreement.
(2)
Includes an operating lease that the Company expects to commence during its first quarter of fiscal 2020. The lease has a 10 year term and future lease payments of $11.9 million.



35


Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
Our interest rate risk results primarily from our variable rate indebtedness under our Credit Agreement, which is influenced by movements in short-term rates. Borrowings under our $300.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to:
The ABR or the Adjusted LIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in U.S. Dollars;
The Canadian Prime Rate or the CDOR rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Canadian Dollars;
The Adjusted LIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Pounds Sterling or Australian Dollars; or
The EURIBO Rate, in the case of revolving loans denominated in Euros,
in each case, plus the Applicable Margin, which is based on the Company's Leverage Ratio. The Applicable Margin on ABR loans ranges between 0.625% and 1.625%. The Applicable Margin for Adjusted LIBO, EURIBO and CDOR loans ranges between 1.625% and 2.625% and the Applicable Margin for Canadian Prime Rate loans ranges between 2.125% and 3.125%.
Financial instruments with interest rate risk at June 30, 2019 were as follows:
 
 
Maturity by Fiscal Year
 
Fair Value as
of June 30, 2019
 
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
2024
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Long-term debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Variable rate debt
 
$

 
$

 
$
5,347

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,347

The Company has not entered into any derivative instruments to hedge interest rate risk, but evaluates the materiality of interest rate risk exposure. An increase of 100 basis points in interest rates would not have had a material impact on the financial results of the Company for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019.
Foreign Currency Risk
Matrix Service Company has subsidiaries with operations in Canada and South Korea, which use the Canadian Dollar and South Korean Won, respectively, as their functional currencies. The Company also has a subsidiary with operations in Australia, but its functional currency is the U.S. Dollar since its sales are primarily denominated in U.S. Dollars.
Historically, movements in the Canadian Dollar to U.S. Dollar exchange rate have not significantly impacted the Company's results. Also, the Company does not expect exchange rate fluctuations in its South Korean and Australian operations to materially impact its financial results since these operations represent an insignificant portion of the Company's consolidated revenues and expenses. However, further growth in its Canadian, South Korean and/or Australian operations and/or significant fluctuations in the Canadian Dollar, South Korean Won and/or Australian Dollar to U.S. Dollar exchange rates could impact the Company’s financial results in the future.
Management has not entered into derivative instruments to hedge foreign currency risk, but periodically evaluates the materiality of our foreign currency exposure. To mitigate our risk, on occasion we borrow Canadian Dollars under our senior secured revolving credit facility to settle U.S. Dollar account balances. A 10% unfavorable change in the Canadian Dollar against the U.S. Dollar would not have had a material impact on the financial results of the Company for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019.
Commodity Price Risk
The Company has no direct commodity exposure, but we do have exposure to materials derived from certain commodities including steel plate, steel pipe, and copper, which are key materials used by the Company. Supplies of these materials are available throughout the United States and worldwide. We anticipate that adequate amounts of these materials will be available in the foreseeable future. However, the price, quantity, and delivery schedules of these materials could change rapidly due to various factors, including producer capacity, the level of foreign imports, worldwide demand, the imposition or removal of tariffs on imported steel and other market conditions. We mitigate these risks primarily by procuring materials upon contract execution to ensure that our purchase price approximates the costs included in the project estimate, and also by negotiating contract escalation clauses to cover unexpected costs due to fluctuations in materials derived from certain commodities.


36



Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Financial Statements of the Company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Statement Schedules
The financial statement schedule is filed as a part of this report under Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2019June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017 immediately following Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited). All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements, or notes thereto, included herein.


37


MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
The management of Matrix Service Company (the “Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations and cannot provide absolute assurance that all objectives will be met. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves diligence and is subject to lapses in judgment and human error. Internal control over financial reporting can also be circumvented by collusion or management override of controls. Because of these limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
The Company’s management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019. In making this assessment, the Company’s management used the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework.
Management’s assessment included an evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies, overall control environment and information systems control environment. Based on this assessment, the Company’s management has concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019 was effective.
Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019. Deloitte & Touche LLP’s report on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is included herein.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/S/ John R. Hewitt
 
 
 
/S/ Kevin S. Cavanah
John R. Hewitt
 
 
 
Kevin S. Cavanah
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
September 4, 2019


38


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of
Matrix Service Company

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Matrix Service Company and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019 based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019 of the Company and our report dated September 4, 2019, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/S/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Tulsa, Oklahoma
September 4, 2019



39


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of
Matrix Service Company

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets of Matrix Service Company and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, and the related Consolidated Statements of Income, Comprehensive Income, Cash Flows and Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2019 and the related notes and schedules listed in the Index at Item 8 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements").  In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated September 4, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/S/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Tulsa, Oklahoma
September 4, 2019

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2006.



40


Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In thousands, except per share data)
 

 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Revenues
 
$
1,416,680

 
$
1,091,553

 
$
1,197,509

Cost of revenues
 
1,284,729

 
999,617

 
1,116,506

Gross profit
 
131,951

 
91,936

 
81,003

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
94,021

 
84,417

 
76,144

Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment
 

 
17,998

 

Operating income (loss)
 
37,930

 
(10,479
)
 
4,859

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(1,296
)
 
(2,600
)
 
(2,211
)
Interest income
 
1,167

 
381

 
132

Other
 
611

 
550

 
(334
)
Income (loss) before income tax expense
 
38,412

 
(12,148
)
 
2,446

Provision (benefit) for federal, state and foreign income taxes
 
10,430

 
(668
)
 
2,308

Net income (loss)
 
27,982

 
(11,480
)
 
138

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 

 
321

Net income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company
 
$
27,982

 
$
(11,480
)
 
$
(183
)
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
1.04

 
$
(0.43
)
 
$
(0.01
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
1.01

 
$
(0.43
)
 
$
(0.01
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
26,891

 
26,769

 
26,533

Diluted
 
27,587

 
26,769

 
26,533

 

See accompanying notes
41




Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
 
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Net income (loss)
 
$
27,982

 
$
(11,480
)
 
$
138

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation loss (net of tax expense (benefit) of $27, $(24) and $180 for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively)
 
(340
)
 
(87
)
 
(479
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 
27,642

 
(11,567
)
 
(341
)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 

 
321

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Matrix Service Company
 
$
27,642

 
$
(11,567
)
 
$
(662
)
 


See accompanying notes
42




Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
89,715

 
$
64,057

Accounts receivable, less allowances (2019 - $923; 2018 - $6,327)
 
218,432

 
203,388

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
 
96,083

 
76,632

Inventories
 
8,017

 
5,152

Income taxes receivable
 
29

 
3,359

Other current assets
 
5,034

 
4,458

Total current assets
 
417,310

 
357,046

Property, plant and equipment, at cost:
 
 
 
 
Land and buildings
 
41,179

 
40,424

Construction equipment
 
91,793

 
89,036

Transportation equipment
 
52,526

 
48,339

Office equipment and software
 
43,632

 
41,236

Construction in progress
 
7,619

 
1,353

Total property, plant and equipment - at cost
 
236,749

 
220,388

Accumulated depreciation
 
(157,414
)
 
(147,743
)
Property, plant and equipment - net
 
79,335

 
72,645

Goodwill
 
93,368

 
96,162

Other intangible assets
 
19,472

 
22,814

Deferred income taxes
 
2,683

 
4,848

Other assets
 
21,226

 
4,518

Total assets
 
$
633,394

 
$
558,033

 
 
 
 
 


See accompanying notes
43




Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Balance Sheets (continued)
(In thousands, except share data)
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
114,647

 
$
79,439

Billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs and estimated earnings
 
105,626

 
120,740

Accrued wages and benefits
 
38,357

 
24,375

Accrued insurance
 
9,021

 
9,080

Income taxes payable
 
2,517

 
7

Other accrued expenses
 
5,331

 
4,824

Total current liabilities
 
275,499

 
238,465

Deferred income taxes
 
298

 
429

Borrowings under senior secured revolving credit facility
 
5,347

 

Other liabilities
 
293

 
296

Total liabilities
 
281,437

 
239,190

Commitments and contingencies
 

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock—$.01 par value; 60,000,000 shares authorized; 27,888,217 shares issued as of June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018; 26,807,203 and 26,853,823 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018
 
279

 
279

Additional paid-in capital
 
137,712

 
132,198

Retained earnings
 
239,476

 
211,494

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(7,751
)
 
(7,411
)
 
 
369,716

 
336,560

Less treasury stock, at cost — 1,081,014 and 1,034,394 shares as of June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018
 
(17,759
)
 
(17,717
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
351,957

 
318,843

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
633,394

 
$
558,033



See accompanying notes
44




Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
27,982

 
$
(11,480
)
 
$
138

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided (used) by operating activities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
18,224

 
20,347

 
21,602

Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment
 

 
17,998

 

Stock-based compensation expense
 
11,908

 
8,618

 
7,461

Deferred income tax
 
2,061

 
(1,186
)
 
(2,556
)
Gain on disposal of business (Note 3)
 
(427
)
 

 

Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment
 
(854
)
 
(662
)
 
(142
)
Provision for uncollectible accounts
 
5

 
107

 
1,748

Other
 
701

 
397

 
289

Changes in operating assets and liabilities increasing (decreasing) cash, net of effects from acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(15,374
)
 
5,504

 
(11,932
)
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
 
(19,809
)
 
14,548

 
13,567

Inventories
 
(2,872
)
 
(1,415
)
 
198

Other assets and liabilities
 
(12,246
)
 
369

 
(7,641
)
Accounts payable
 
32,651

 
(25,883
)
 
(37,047
)
Billings on uncompleted contracts in excess of costs and estimated earnings
 
(14,983
)
 
45,613

 
5,212

Accrued expenses
 
14,427

 
1,796

 
(9,643
)
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities
 
41,394

 
74,671

 
(18,746
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(19,558
)
 
(8,711
)
 
(11,908
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (Note 3)
 

 
(1,687
)
 
(40,819
)
Proceeds from disposal of business (Note 3)
 
3,885

 

 

Proceeds from asset sales
 
1,225

 
1,062

 
1,308

Net cash used by investing activities
 
$
(14,448
)
 
$
(9,336
)
 
$
(51,419
)

See accompanying notes
45




Matrix Service Company
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(In thousands)
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended
 
 
June 30,
2019
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advances under senior secured revolving credit facility
 
$
16,225

 
$
85,317

 
$
126,933

Repayments of advances under senior secured revolving credit facility
 
(10,896
)
 
(130,248
)
 
(82,251
)
Payment of debt amendment fees
 

 
(364
)
 
(1,073
)
Open market purchase of treasury shares
 
(5,190
)
 

 

Issuances of common stock
 
128

 
317

 
253

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
 
311

 
293

 
305

Repurchase of common stock for payment of statutory taxes due on equity-based compensation
 
(1,685
)
 
(627
)
 
(2,290