10-Q 1 v326145_10q.htm FORM 10-Q

  

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

(MARK ONE)

 

xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: September 30, 2012

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______ to ______

 

Commission file number: 000-23322

 

CASCADE BANCORP

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Oregon   93-1034484
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
  (IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

 

1100 N.W. Wall Street

Bend, Oregon 97701

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(541) 617-3500

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

¨  Large accelerated filer    ¨  Accelerated filer    ¨  Non-accelerated filer    x  Smaller reporting company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 47,307,048 shares of no par value Common Stock as of November 7, 2012.

 

 
 

 

CASCADE BANCORP & SUBSIDIARY

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT

SEPTEMBER 30, 2012

 

INDEX

 

Page
   
PART I:  FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011
3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Nine and three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income:
Nine and three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
6
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity:
Nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
7
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
Nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
8
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 9
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 32
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk. 46
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 46
     
PART II:  OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 46
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 46
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 46
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 46
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 46
     
Item 5 Other Information 46
     
Item 6. Exhibits 47
     
SIGNATURES   48

 

2
 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
ASSETS          
Cash and cash equivalents:          
Cash and due from banks  $34,245   $33,657 
Interest bearing deposits   59,144    94,759 
Federal funds sold   23    23 
Total cash and cash equivalents   93,412    128,439 
Investment securities available-for-sale   274,863    209,506 
Investment securities held-to-maturity, estimated fair value of $1,081 ($1,412 in 2011)   1,023    1,334 
Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) stock   10,378    10,472 
Loans, net   827,030    853,659 
Premises and equipment, net   33,505    34,181 
Bank-owned life insurance (BOLI)   35,434    34,683 
Other real estate owned (OREO), net   8,547    21,270 
Accrued interest and other assets   12,237    9,906 
Total assets  $1,296,429   $1,303,450 
           
LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Liabilities:          
Deposits:          
Demand  $413,017   $371,662 
Interest bearing demand   483,494    520,612 
Savings   38,574    33,720 
Time   135,421    160,833 
Total deposits   1,070,506    1,086,827 
FHLB borrowings   60,000    60,000 
Accrued interest and other liabilities   26,644    23,742 
Total liabilities   1,157,150    1,170,569 
           
Stockholders' equity:          
Preferred stock, no par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, no par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 47,307,048 issued and outstanding (47,236,725 in 2011)   329,737    329,056 
Accumulated deficit   (194,241)   (198,884)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   3,783    2,709 
Total stockholders' equity   139,279    132,881 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $1,296,429   $1,303,450 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

Nine and Three Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Interest income:                    
Interest and fees on loans  $11,893   $14,834   $37,231   $48,102 
Interest on investments   1,533    1,212    4,462    3,686 
Other investment income   36    128    163    398 
Total interest income   13,462    16,174    41,856    52,186 
                     
Interest expense:                    
Deposits:                    
Interest bearing demand   224    516    872    1,648 
Savings   5    13    18    47 
Time   462    1,066    1,612    4,456 
Other borrowings   480    1,059    1,429    3,515 
Total interest expense   1,171    2,654    3,931    9,666 
                     
Net interest income   12,291    13,520    37,925    42,520 
Loan loss provision   -    52,800    1,100    60,300 
Net interest income after loan loss provision   12,291    (39,280)   36,825    (17,780)
                     
Noninterest income:                    
Service charges on deposit accounts   791    1,119    2,471    3,513 
Card issuer and merchant services fees, net   694    627    1,970    1,891 
Earnings on BOLI   234    323    751    908 
Mortgage banking income, net   1,104    174    2,948    282 
Other income   410    579    1,500    1,708 
Total noninterest income   3,233    2,822    9,640    8,302 
                     
Noninterest expense:                    
Salaries and employee benefits   7,859    8,869    23,720    23,239 
Occupancy   1,127    1,183    3,444    3,542 
Equipment   371    367    1,143    1,187 
Communications   394    432    1,149    1,270 
FDIC insurance   665    808    2,048    2,560 
OREO   85    6,016    834    8,906 
Professional services   753    1,101    2,630    3,528 
Other expenses   2,445    6,642    6,804    12,338 
Total noninterest expense   13,699    25,418    41,772    56,570 
                     
Income (loss) before income taxes and extraordinary net gain   1,825    (61,876)   4,693    (66,048)
Provision (credit) for income taxes   -    (7,456)   50    (11,844)
Income (loss) before extraordinary net gain   1,825    (54,420)   4,643    (54,204)
                     
Extraordinary gain on extinguishment of junior subordinated debentures, net of income taxes   -    -    -    32,840 
Net income (loss)  $1,825   $(54,420)  $4,643   $(21,364)

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (continued)

Nine and Three Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

  Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:                
Income (loss) before extraordinary net gain  $0.04   $(1.16)  $0.10   $(1.27)
Extraordinary net gain   -    -    -    0.77 
Net income (loss) per common share  $0.04   $(1.16)  $0.10   $(0.50)

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Nine and Three Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
                 
Net Income (loss)  $1,825   $(54,420)  $4,643   $(21,364)
                     
Other Comprehensive income (loss):                    
Unrealized gains on investment securities available for sale   985    410    1,732    1,887 
Tax effect of the unrealized gains on investment securities available for sale   (375)   (155)   (658)   (718)
Comprehensive income (loss)  $2,435   $(54,165)  $5,717   $(20,195)

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

Nine Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   Nine months ended 
   September 30 
   2012   2011 
         
Total stockholders' equity at beginning of period  $132,881   $10,056 
           
Comprehensive income (loss)   5,717    (20,195)
           
Issuance of common stock, net   -    168,074 
           
Stock-based compensation expense, net   681    581 
           
Total stockholders' equity at end of period  $139,279   $158,516 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Nine Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   Nine months ended 
   September 30, 
   2012   2011 
         
Net cash provided by operating activities before extraordinary net gain  $19,500   $46,844 
Extraordinary gain on extinguishment of junior subordinated debentures, net of income taxes   -    (32,840)
Net cash provided by operating activities   19,500    14,004 
           
Investing activities:          
Proceeds from maturities, calls, and prepayments of investment securities available-for-sale   333,769    13,360 
Proceeds from maturities, calls of investment securities held-to-maturity   310    470 
Purchases of investment securities available-for-sale   (398,174)   (30,585)
Proceeds from sale of FHLB stock   94    - 
Net decrease in loans   25,803    209,041 
Purchases of premises and equipment   (631)   (350)
Proceeds from sales of OREO   706    8,872 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities   (38,123)   200,808 
           
Financing activities:          
Net decrease in deposits   (16,321)   (228,773)
Tax effect of nonvested restricted stock   (83)   - 
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock   -    168,074 
Extinguishment of junior subordinated debentures, net   -    (13,625)
Net decrease in FHLB and other borrowings   -    (176,000)
Net cash used in financing activities   (16,404)   (250,324)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (35,027)   (35,512)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   128,439    271,264 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $93,412   $235,752 
           
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:          
Interest paid  $4,057   $15,290 
Loans transferred to OREO  $1,267   $9,186 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

8
 

 

Cascade Bancorp & Subsidiary

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2012

(unaudited)

 

1.Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cascade Bancorp (“Bancorp”), an Oregon chartered single bank holding company, and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Bank of the Cascades (“the Bank”) (collectively, “the Company” or “Cascade”). All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company without audit and in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, certain financial information and footnotes have been omitted or condensed. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (all of which are of a normal and recurring nature) necessary for the fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented. In preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the dates of the balance sheets and income and expenses for the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Operating results for the interim periods disclosed herein are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year or any future period.

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011 were derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but do not include all disclosures contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2011 consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

Certain amounts for 2011 have been reclassified to conform to the 2012 presentation, however the reclassifications do not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2.Capital Raise and Bulk Sale of Distressed Assets

 

In January 2011, the Company completed a $177.0 million capital raise (the “Capital Raise”). Capital Raise proceeds in the amount of approximately $167.9 million (net of offering costs) were received on January 28, 2011, of which approximately $150.4 million was contributed to the Bank. Approximately $15.0 million of the Capital Raise proceeds were used to extinguish $68.6 million of the Company’s junior subordinated debentures (the “Debentures”) and approximately $3.9 million of accrued interest payable, resulting in a pre-tax extraordinary gain of approximately $54.9 million ($32.8 million after tax). During the second quarter of 2011, the Company received an additional $0.2 million in proceeds from the issuance of an additional 50,000 shares of common stock in connection with the completion of the Capital Raise described above.

 

In September 2011, the Bank entered into a Commercial Loan Purchase Agreement and Residential Loan Purchase Agreement with a third party pursuant to which the Bank sold approximately $110.0 million (carrying amount) of certain non-performing, substandard, and related performing loans and approximately $2.0 million of other real estate owned (“OREO”) (the “Bulk Sale”). In connection with the Bulk Sale, the Bank received approximately $58.0 million in cash from the buyer, incurred approximately $3.0 million in related closing costs, and recorded loan charge-offs totaling approximately $54.0 million. See Note 5 for a discussion of the reserve for loan losses.

 

9
 

 

3.Investment Securities

 

Investment securities at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):

 

       Gross   Gross     
   Amortized   unrealized   unrealized   Estimated 
   cost   gains   losses   fair value 
September 30, 2012                    
Available-for-sale                    
U.S. Agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) *  $207,908   $5,876   $(265)   $213,519 
Non-agency MBS   22,782    186    (214)    22,754 
U.S. Agency asset-backed securities   9,893    609    (128)    10,374 
Commercial paper   27,696    -    -    27,696 
Mutual fund   480    40    -    520 
   $268,759   $6,711   $(607)   $274,863 
Held-to-maturity                    
Municipal bonds  $1,023   $58   $-   $1,081 
                     
December 31, 2011                    
Available-for-sale                    
U.S. Agency MBS *  $190,016   $4,100   $(239)   $193,877 
Non-agency MBS   4,028    93    (6)    4,115 
U.S. Agency asset-backed securities   10,623    520    (130)    11,013 
Mutual fund   471    30    -    501 
   $205,138   $4,743   $(375)  $209,506 
Held-to-maturity                    
Municipal bonds  $1,334   $78   $-   $1,412 

 

* U.S. Agency MBS include private label MBS of approximately $16.3 million and $13.6 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, which are supported by FHA/VA collateral.

 

The following table presents the contractual maturities of investment securities at September 30, 2012 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Available-for-sale   Held-to-maturity 
   Amortized   Estimated   Amortized   Estimated 
   cost   fair value   cost   fair value 
Due in one year or less  $27,937   $27,939   $315   $323 
Due after one year through three years   237    237    512    543 
Due after three years through five years   11    12    196    215 
Due after five years through ten years   18,807    19,109    -    - 
Due after ten years   221,287    227,046    -    - 
Mutual fund   480    520    -    - 
   $268,759   $274,863   $1,023   $1,081 

 

The following table presents the fair value and gross unrealized losses of the Bank’s investment securities, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

10
 

 

   Less than 12 months   12 months or more   Total 
   Estimated 
fair value
   Unrealized
losses
   Estimated 
fair value
   Unrealized
losses
   Estimated 
fair value
   Unrealized
losses
 
September 30, 2012                              
U.S. Agency MBS  $10,468   $(53)   $9,892   $(212)   $20,360   $(265) 
Non-agency MBS   12,991    (213)    360    (1)    13,351    (214) 
U.S. Agency asset-backed securities   1,110    (38)    1,823    (90)    2,933    (128) 
   $24,569   $(304)   $12,075   $(303)   $36,644   $(607) 
                               
December 31, 2011                              
U.S. Agency MBS  $20,039   $(203)   $3,428   $(36)   $23,467   $(239) 
Non-agency MBS   603    (6)    -    -    603    (6) 
U.S. Agency asset-backed securities   1,360    (37)    1,817    (93)    3,177    (130) 
   $22,002   $(246)   $5,245   $(129)   $27,247   $(375) 

 

The unrealized losses on investments in U.S. Agency and non-agency MBS and U.S Agency asset-backed securities are primarily due to elevated yield/rate spreads at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 as compared to yield/rate spread relationships prevailing at the time specific investment securities were purchased. Management expects the fair value of these investment securities to recover as securities approach their maturity dates. Accordingly, management does not believe that the above gross unrealized losses on investment securities are other-than-temporary. Accordingly, no impairment adjustments have been recorded.

 

Management intends to hold the investment securities classified as held-to-maturity until they mature, at which time the Company will receive full amortized cost value for such investment securities. Furthermore, as of September 30, 2012, management did not have the intent to sell any of the securities classified as available-for-sale in the table above and believes that it is more likely than not that the Company will not have to sell any such securities before a recovery of cost.

 

4.Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle (“FHLB”) Stock

 

As of September 30, 2012 the FHLB is considered “adequately capitalized” by its primary regulator, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”). The FHLB continues to operate under a Consent Agreement entered into on October 25, 2010 with the FHFA, which requires the FHLB to take certain specified actions related to its business and operations. The FHLB will not pay a dividend, however in news announced on September 7, 2012, the FHFA has granted, with some restrictions, the FHLB authority to repurchase excess capital stock. On September 24, 2012, the FHLB repurchased 933 shares of excess capital stock owned by the Bank, for $93 thousand. While the FHLB was classified as “adequately capitalized” as of September 30, 2012, the Company does not believe that its investment in FHLB stock is impaired and management has not recorded an impairment of the carrying value of FHLB stock as of September 30, 2012. However, this analysis could change in the near-term if: 1) significant other-than-temporary losses are incurred on the FHLB’s mortgage-backed securities causing a significant decline in its regulatory capital status; 2) the economic losses resulting from credit deterioration on the FHLB’s mortgage-backed securities increases significantly; or 3) capital preservation strategies being utilized by the FHLB become ineffective.

 

11
 

 

5.Loans and reserve for credit losses

 

The composition of the loan portfolio at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

   September 30, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   Amount   Percent   Amount   Percent 
Commercial real estate:                    
Owner occupied  $204,205    23.7%  $250,213    27.8%
Non-owner occupied and other   341,374    39.5%   313,311    34.8%
Total commercial real estate loans   545,579    63.2%   563,524    62.6%
Construction   51,939    6.0%   60,971    6.8%
Residential real estate   85,284    9.9%   83,595    9.3%
Commerical and industrial   141,524    16.4%   150,637    16.7%
Consumer   39,232    4.5%   40,922    4.6%
Total loans   863,558    100.0%   899,649    100.0%
                     
Less:                    
Deferred loan fees and mortgage loans held for sale   (885)        (2,085)     
Reserve for loan losses   (35,643)      (43,905)     
Loans, net  $827,030        $853,659      

  

Loan balances declined in the first two quarters of 2012 by $46.3 million mainly due to obligor payoffs and paydowns of Bank loans, however loan balances increased by $19.7 million in the third quarter of 2012 as actions to revitalize lending led to an increase in new loans. As discussed in Note 2, during the third quarter of 2011 the Bank sold approximately $110.0 million (carrying amount) of certain non-performing, substandard, and related performing loans. Loans sold consisted primarily of commercial real estate (“CRE”) and construction loans.

 

Included in the above category, “deferred loans fees and mortgage loans held for sale” were $1.0 million and $506 thousand in mortgage loans held for sale at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

A substantial portion of the Bank’s loans are collateralized by real estate in four major markets (Central, Southern and Northwest Oregon, as well as the greater Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho area). As such, the Bank’s results of operations and financial condition are affected by the general economic trends and, in particular, the local residential and commercial real estate markets it serves. Economic trends can significantly affect the strength of the local real estate market. Approximately 79% of the Bank’s loan portfolio at September 30, 2012 consisted of real estate-related loans, including construction and development loans, residential mortgage loans, and commercial loans secured by commercial real estate. While broader economic conditions appear to be stabilizing, real estate prices remain at markedly lower levels due to the economic recession that began in 2008. Should the period of lower real estate prices persist for an extended duration or should real estate markets further decline, the Bank could be materially and adversely affected. Specifically, collateral for the Bank’s loans would provide less security and the Bank’s ability to recover on defaulted loans by selling real estate collateral would be diminished. Real estate values could be affected by, among other things, a worsening of economic conditions, an increase in foreclosures, a decline in home sale volumes, and an increase in interest rates. Furthermore, the Bank may experience an increase in the number of borrowers who become delinquent, file for protection under bankruptcy laws, or default on their loans or other obligations to the Bank given a sustained weakness or a weakening in business and economic conditions generally or specifically in the principal markets in which the Bank does business. An increase in the number of delinquencies, bankruptcies, or defaults could result in a higher level of nonperforming assets, net charge-offs, and loan loss provision. Management is targeting to reduce CRE concentration over the long term, but real estate-related loans remain a significant portfolio component due to the nature of the economies, businesses, and markets we serve.

 

In the normal course of business, the Bank participates portions of loans to third parties in order to extend the Bank’s lending capability or to mitigate risk. At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the portion of these loans participated to third-parties (which are not included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements) totaled approximately $14.0 million and $22.4 million, respectively.

 

The reserve for loan losses represents management’s estimate of known and inherent losses in the loan portfolio as of the condensed consolidated balance sheet date and is recorded as a reduction to loans. The reserve for loan losses is increased by charges to operating expense through the loan loss provision, and decreased by loans charged-off, net of recoveries. The reserve for loan losses requires complex subjective judgments as a result of the need to make estimates about matters that are uncertain. The reserve for loan losses is maintained at a level currently considered adequate to provide for potential loan losses based on management’s assessment of various factors affecting the loan portfolio.

 

12
 

 

At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, management believes that the Company’s reserve for loan losses is at an appropriate level under current circumstances and prevailing economic conditions. However the reserve for loan losses is based on estimates, and ultimate losses may vary from the current estimates. These estimates are reviewed periodically, and, as adjustments become necessary, they are reported in earnings in the periods in which they become known. Therefore, management cannot provide assurance that, in any particular period, the Company will not have significant losses in relation to the amount reserved. The level of the reserve for loan losses is also determined after consideration of bank regulatory guidance and recommendations and is subject to review by such regulatory authorities who may require increases or decreases to the reserve based on their evaluation of the information available to them at the time of their examinations of the Bank.

 

For purposes of assessing the appropriate level of the reserve for loan losses, the Company analyzes loans and commitments to loan, and the amount of reserves allocated to loans and commitments to loan in each of the following reserve categories: pooled reserves, specifically identified reserves for impaired loans, and the unallocated reserve. Also, for purposes of analyzing loan portfolio credit quality and determining the appropriate level of reserve for loan losses, the Company identifies loan portfolio segments and classes based on the nature of the underlying loan collateral.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company revised and enhanced its methodology for estimating the adequacy of the reserve for loan losses. The significant revisions to the methodology included (1) the application of historical loss factors by risk rating for each loan segment, as compared to the prior method which utilized blended historical loss factors, (2) a change to historical look-back periods, and (3) refinement of the qualitative factors and application thereof used to adjust the estimated historical loss factors. The reserve for loan losses at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were significantly affected by the revisions and enhancements to the Company’s methodology, as well as by the effects of charge-offs incurred in the 2011 Bulk Sale of certain loans (see Note 2) on its historical loss factors. A description of the significant revisions and enhancements to the methodology for estimating the reserve for loan losses follows:

 

Application of historical loss factors by risk rating for each loan segment and change in look-back period, as compared to the prior method which utilized blended quarterly historical loss factors.

 

Under the previous method, historical loss factors were computed using a rolling 12-quarter basis, then weighted 50% for the most current four quarters, 35% for the next four preceding quarters, and 15% for the final four preceding quarters. The previous method applied these historical loss factors without regard to risk rating. Under the previous method, each of 12 quarterly look-back periods in the model included charge-off experience for the preceding quarter. Under the enhanced method, historical loss factors are calculated using a minimum of 12 quarterly look-back periods applied by risk rating to each loan segment. Each look-back period includes charge-off experience by risk rating for each loan segment for the preceding four quarters. Historical loss rates for each period are averaged and multiplied by current loan balances for each risk rating category within loan segments to estimate loss reserve. In addition, the Company made minor refinements to its loan segment groups according to related risk attributes and applied statistical leveling techniques considered appropriate to the change in method.

 

Refinement of qualitative factors.

 

The Company refined the qualitative factors used to adjust the historical loss factors by more explicitly detailing the specific qualitative factors to be considered and the determination of the resulting quantitative amounts. In addition, certain qualitative factors are included in the estimate of the total reserve for loan losses to reflect uncertainties such as a lack of seasoning in the enhanced model.

 

13
 

  

Transactions and allocations in the reserve for loan losses and unfunded loan commitments, by portfolio segment, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

   Commercial
real estate
   Construction   Residential
real estate
   Commercial 
and 
industrial
   Consumer   Unallocated   Total 
For the three months ended September 30, 2012                                   
Balance at June 30, 2012  $18,103   $4,529   $3,693   $8,785   $2,508   $601   $38,219 
Loan loss provision (credit)   79    (1,183)   932    580    33    (441)   - 
Recoveries   171    97    119    348    80    -    815 
Loans charged off   (466)   -    (1,010)   (1,620)   (295)   -    (3,391)
Balance at end of period  $17,887   $3,443   $3,734   $8,093   $2,326   $160   $35,643 
                                    
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments                                   
Balance at June 30, 2012  $28   $29   $184   $487   $822   $-   $1,550 
Provision for unfunded loan commitments   -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Balance at end of period  $28   $29   $184   $487   $822   $-   $1,550 
                                    
Reserve for credit losses                                   
Reserve for loan losses  $17,887   $3,443   $3,734   $8,093   $2,326   $160   $35,643 
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments   28    29    184    487    822    -    1,550 
Total reserve for credit losses  $17,915   $3,472   $3,918   $8,580   $3,148   $160   $37,193 
                                    
For the nine months ended September 30, 2012                                   
Balance at beginning of year  $21,648   $5,398   $3,259   $11,291   $2,292   $17   $43,905 
Loan loss provision (credit)   601    (2,375)   2,764    (768)   735    143    1,100 
Recoveries   184    479    238    831    260    -    1,992 
Loans charged off   (4,546)   (59)   (2,527)   (3,261)   (961)   -    (11,354)
Balance at end of period  $17,887   $3,443   $3,734   $8,093   $2,326   $160   $35,643 
                                    
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments                                   
Balance at beginning of year  $28   $29   $184   $487   $822   $-   $1,550 
Provision for unfunded loan commitments   -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Balance at end of period  $28   $29   $184   $487   $822   $-   $1,550 
                                    
Reserve for credit losses                                   
Reserve for loan losses  $17,887   $3,443   $3,734   $8,093   $2,326   $160   $35,643 
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments   28    29    184    487    822    -    1,550 
Total reserve for credit losses  $17,915   $3,472   $3,918   $8,580   $3,148   $160   $37,193 

 

14
 

 

   Commercial
real estate
   Construction   Residential
real estate
   Commercial
and
industrial
   Consumer   Unallocated   Total 
For the three months ended September 30, 2011                                   
Balance at June 30, 2011  $12,882   $10,936   $3,696   $8,048   $2,648   $2,580   $40,790 
Loan loss provision   20,003    17,272    3,142    11,971    861    (449)   52,800 
Recoveries   23    700    45    106    48         922 
Loans charged off   (20,280)   (26,638)   (3,855)   (12,115)   (914)        (63,802)
Balance at end of period  $12,628   $2,270   $3,028   $8,010   $2,643   $2,131   $30,710 
                                    
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments                                   
Balance at June 30, 2011  $40   $-   $101   $523   $241   $36   $941 
Provision for unfunded loan commitments   (27)   19    156    104    692    (28)   916 
Balance at end of period  $13   $19   $257   $627   $933   $8   $1,857 
                                    
Reserve for credit losses                                   
Reserve for loan losses  $12,628   $2,270   $3,028   $8,010   $2,643   $2,131   $30,710 
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments   13    19    257    627    933    8    1,857 
Total reserve for credit losses  $12,641   $2,289   $3,285   $8,637   $3,576   $2,139   $32,567 
                                    
For the nine months ended September 30, 2011                                   
Balance at beginning of year  $14,338   $12,652   $4,115   $12,220   $2,967   $376   $46,668 
Loan loss provision   20,511    19,359    3,529    13,734    1,412    1,755    60,300 
Recoveries   119    961    147    1,108    228         2,563 
Loans charged off   (22,340)   (30,702)   (4,763)   (19,052)   (1,964)        (78,821)
Balance at end of period  $12,628   $2,270   $3,028   $8,010   $2,643   $2,131   $30,710 
                                    
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments                                   
Balance at beginning of year  $40   $-   $101   $523   $241   $36   $941 
Provision for unfunded loan commitments   (27)   19    156    104    692    (28)   916 
Balance at end of period  $13   $19   $257   $627   $933   $8   $1,857 
                                    
Reserve for credit losses                                   
Reserve for loan losses  $12,628   $2,270   $3,028   $8,010   $2,643   $2,131   $30,710 
Reserve for unfunded lending commitments   13    19    257    627    933    8    1,857 
Total reserve for credit losses  $12,641   $2,289   $3,285   $8,637   $3,576   $2,139   $32,567 

 

An individual loan is impaired when, based on current information and events, management believes that it is probable that the Bank will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. The following table presents the reserve for loan losses and the recorded investment in loans, by portfolio segment and impairment evaluation method at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

15
 

 

   Reserve for loan losses   Recorded investment in loans 
   Individually
evaluated for
impairment
   Collectively
evaluated for
impairment
   Total   Individually
evaluated for
impairment
   Collectively
evaluated for
impairment
   Total 
September 30, 2012                        
Commercial real estate  $6,620   $11,267   $17,887   $45,286   $500,293   $545,579 
Construction   383    3,060    3,443    9,071    42,868    51,939 
Residential real estate   1,235    2,499    3,734    5,580    79,704    85,284 
Commerical and industrial   1,576    6,517    8,093    10,532    130,992    141,524 
Consumer   313    2,013    2,326    1,676    37,556    39,232 
   $10,127   $25,356    35,483   $72,145   $791,413   $863,558 
Unallocated             160                
             $35,643                
                               
December 31, 2011                              
Commercial real estate  $7,150   $14,498   $21,648   $48,649   $514,875   $563,524 
Construction   350    5,048    5,398    5,454    55,517    60,971 
Residential real estate   1,002    2,257    3,259    5,472    78,123    83,595 
Commerical and industrial   2,563    8,728    11,291    11,521    139,116    150,637 
Consumer   160    2,132    2,292    919    40,003    40,922 
   $11,225   $32,663    43,888   $72,015   $827,634   $899,649 
Unallocated             17                
             $43,905                

 

The Company uses credit risk ratings, which reflect the Bank’s assessment of a loan’s risk or loss potential, for purposes of assessing the appropriate level of reserve for loan losses. The Bank’s credit risk rating definitions along with applicable borrower characteristics for each credit risk rating are as follows:

 

Acceptable

 

The borrower is a reasonable credit risk and demonstrates the ability to repay the loan from normal business operations. Loans are generally made to companies operating in an economy and/or industry that is generally sound. The borrower tends to operate in regional or local markets and has achieved sufficient revenues for the business to be financially viable. The borrowers financial performance has been consistent in normal economic times and has been average or better than average for its industry.

 

A loan can also be considered Acceptable even though the borrower may have some vulnerability to downturns in the economy due to marginally satisfactory working capital and debt service cushion. Availability of alternate financing sources may be limited or nonexistent. In some cases, the borrower’s management may have limited depth or continuity but is still considered capable. An adequate primary source of repayment is identified while secondary sources may be illiquid, more speculative, less readily identified, or reliant upon collateral liquidation. Loan agreements will be well defined, including several financial performance covenants and detailed operating covenants. This category also includes commercial loans to individuals with average or better than average capacity to repay.

 

16
 

 

Watch

 

Loans are graded Watch when temporary situations increase the level of the Bank’s risk associated with the loan, and remain graded Watch until the situation has been corrected. These situations may involve one or more weaknesses in cash flow, collateral value or indebtedness that could, if not corrected within a reasonable period of time, jeopardize the full repayment of the debt. In general, loans in this category remain adequately protected by the borrower’s net worth and paying capacity, or pledged collateral.

 

Special Mention

 

A Special Mention credit has potential weaknesses that may, if not checked or corrected, weaken the loan or leave the Bank inadequately protected at some future date. Loans in this category are deemed by management of the Bank to be currently protected but reflect potential problems that warrant more than the usual management attention but do not justify a Substandard classification.

 

Substandard

 

Substandard loans are those inadequately protected by the net worth and paying capacity of the obligor and/or by the value of the pledged collateral, if any. Substandard loans have a high probability of payment default or they have other well-defined weaknesses. They require more intensive supervision and borrowers are generally characterized by current or expected unprofitable operations, inadequate debt service coverage, inadequate liquidity, or marginal capitalization. Repayment may depend on collateral or other credit risk mitigants.

 

CRE and construction loans are classified Substandard when well-defined weaknesses are present which jeopardize the orderly liquidation of the loan. Well-defined weaknesses include a project’s lack of marketability, inadequate cash flow or collateral support, failure to complete construction on time, and/or the project’s failure to fulfill economic expectations. These loans are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.

 

In addition, Substandard loans also include impaired loans. Impaired loans bear the characteristics of Substandard loans as described above, and the Company has determined it does not expect timely payment of all contractually due interest and principal. Impaired loans may be adequately secured by collateral.

 

17
 

 

The following table presents, by portfolio class, the recorded investment in loans by internally assigned grades at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Loan grades     
   Acceptable   Watch   Special
Mention
   Substandard   Total 
September 30, 2012                    
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $123,385   $23,783   $17,479   $39,558   $204,205 
Non-owner occupied   233,590    24,995    38,835    43,954    341,374 
Total commercial real estate loans   356,975    48,778    56,314    83,512    545,579 
Construction   28,032    3,198    4,929    15,780    51,939 
Residential real estate   75,643    250    3,991    5,400    85,284 
Commerical and industrial   107,265    5,587    7,271    21,401    141,524 
Consumer   38,369    -    613    250    39,232 
   $606,284   $57,813   $73,118   $126,343   $863,558 
                          
December 31, 2011                         
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $160,184   $16,357   $30,054   $43,618   $250,213 
Non-owner occupied   179,588    20,844    39,875    73,004    313,311 
Total commercial real estate loans   339,772    37,201    69,929    116,622    563,524 
Construction   23,225    5,439    17,775    14,532    60,971 
Residential real estate   70,366    1,064    2,927    9,238    83,595 
Commerical and industrial   109,311    6,408    5,747    29,171    150,637 
Consumer   39,119    -    17    1,786    40,922 
   $581,793   $50,112   $96,395   $171,349   $899,649 

 

The following table presents, by portfolio class, an age analysis of past due loans, including loans placed on non-accrual at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

   30-89 days
past due
   90 days
or more
past due
   Total
past due
   Current   Total
loans
 
September 30, 2012                    
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $4,428   $1,257   $5,685   $198,520   $204,205 
Non-owner occupied   -    2,864    2,864    338,510    341,374 
Total commercial real estate loans   4,428    4,121    8,549    537,030    545,579 
Construction   2,241    223    2,464    49,475    51,939 
Residential real estate   224    597    821    84,463    85,284 
Commerical and industrial   2,014    1,052    3,066    138,458    141,524 
Consumer   17    4    21    39,211    39,232 
   $8,924   $5,997   $14,921   $848,637   $863,558 
                          
December 31, 2011                         
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $-   $1,460   $1,460   $248,753   $250,213 
Non-owner occupied   -    300    300    313,011    313,311 
Total commercial real estate loans   -    1,760    1,760    561,764    563,524 
Construction   330    2,940    3,270    57,701    60,971 
Residential real estate   396    1,069    1,465    82,130    83,595 
Commerical and industrial   2,174    1,545    3,719    146,918    150,637 
Consumer   94    23    117    40,805    40,922 
   $2,994   $7,337   $10,331   $889,318   $899,649 

 

Loans contractually past due 90 days or more on which the Company continued to accrue interest were insignificant at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

18
 

 

The following table presents information related to impaired loans, by portfolio class, at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Impaired loans     
   With a
related
allowance
   Without a
related
allowance
   Total
recorded
balance
   Unpaid
principal
balance
   Related
allowance
 
September 30, 2012                    
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $11,640   $3,297   $14,937   $15,572   $5,455 
Non-owner occupied   25,758    4,591    30,349    31,847    1,165 
Total commercial real estate loans   37,398    7,888    45,286    47,419    6,620 
Construction   2,592    6,479    9,071    9,203    383 
Residential real estate   4,984    596    5,580    7,330    1,235 
Commerical and industrial   7,999    2,533    10,532    11,339    1,576 
Consumer   1,676    -    1,676    1,676    313 
   $54,649   $17,496   $72,145   $76,967   $10,127 
                          
December 31, 2011                         
Commercial real estate:                         
Owner occupied  $11,950   $2,598   $14,548   $14,548   $5,070 
Non-owner occupied   32,797    1,304    34,101    37,121    2,080 
Total commercial real estate loans   44,747    3,902    48,649    51,669    7,150 
Construction   2,501    2,953    5,454    5,454    350 
Residential real estate   3,537    1,935    5,472    5,473    1,002 
Commerical and industrial   8,526    2,995    11,521    11,627    2,563 
Consumer   919    -    919    919    160 
   $60,230   $11,785   $72,015   $75,142   $11,225 

 

At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the total recorded balance of impaired loans in the above table included $50.1 million and $43.7 million respectively of Troubled Debt Restructuring (“TDR”) loans which were not on non-accrual status.

 

The following table presents, by portfolio class, the average recorded investment in impaired loans for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

   Three months
ended September 30,
   Nine months
ended September 30,
 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Commercial real estate:                    
Owner occupied  $15,532   $21,539   $14,941   $22,594 
Non-owner occupied   33,455    30,012    31,811    32,326 
Total commercial real estate loans   48,987    51,551    46,752    54,920 
Construction   8,184    36,338    6,202    45,946 
Residential real estate   6,221    7,298    5,843    5,217 
Commerical and industrial   10,682    17,579    10,937    20,381 
Consumer   1,583    770    1,285    540 
   $75,657   $113,536   $71,019   $127,004 

 

Interest income recognized for cash payments received on impaired loans for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was insignificant.

 

19
 

 

Information with respect to the Company’s non-accrual loans, by portfolio class, at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Loans on nonaccrual status:          
Commercial real estate:          
Owner occupied  $1,894   $1,930 
Non-owner occupied   2,864    299 
Total commercial real estate loans   4,758    2,229 
Construction   1,997    2,940 
Residential real estate   1,491    1,397 
Commerical and industrial   2,650    2,545 
Consumer   -    - 
Total non-accrual loans   10,896    9,111 
           
Accruing loans which are contractually past due 90 days or more:          
Residential real estate   111    - 
Commerical and industrial   59    - 
Consumer   4    23 
Total non-accrual loans   174    23 
           
Total of nonaccrual and 90 days past due loans  $11,070   $9,134 

 

A loan is classified as a TDR when a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties and the Company grants a concession to the borrower in the restructuring that the Company would not otherwise consider in the origination of a loan. In some situations a borrower may be experiencing financial distress, but the Company does not provide a concession. These modifications are not considered TDRs. In other cases, the Company might provide a concession, such as a reduction in interest rate, but the borrower is not experiencing financial distress. This could be the case if the Company is matching a competitor’s interest rate. These modifications would also not be considered TDRs. Finally, any renewals at existing terms for borrowers not experiencing financial distress would not be considered TDRs. A TDR loan is considered to be impaired and is individually evaluated for impairment.

 

The Company allocated $6.8 million and $8.3 million of specific reserves to customers whose loan terms have been modified in TDRs as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. TDRs involved the restructuring of terms to allow customers to mitigate the risk of foreclosure by meeting a lower loan payment requirement based upon their current cash flow. As indicated above, TDRs may also include loans to borrowers experiencing financial distress that renewed at existing contractual rates, but below market rates for comparable credit quality. The Company has been active at utilizing these programs and working with its customers to reduce the risk of foreclosure. These concessions may include – but are not limited to – interest rate reductions, principal forgiveness, deferral of interest payments, extension of the maturity date, and other actions intended to minimize potential losses to the Company. For each commercial loan restructuring, a comprehensive credit underwriting analysis of the borrower’s financial condition and prospects of repayment under the revised terms is performed to assess whether the new structure can be successful and whether cash flows will be sufficient to support the restructured debt. Generally if the loan is on accrual at the time of restructuring, it will remain on accrual after the restructuring. After six consecutive payments under the restructured terms, a nonaccrual restructured loan is reviewed for possible upgrade to accruing status.

 

Typically, once a loan is identified as a TDR it will retain that designation until it is paid off, because restructured loans generally are not at market rates following restructuring. Under certain circumstances a TDR may be removed from TDR status if it is determined to no longer be impaired and the loan is at a competitive interest rate. Under such circumstances, allowance allocations for loans removed from TDR status would be based on the historical based allocation for the applicable loan grade and loan class.

 

As with other impaired loans, an allowance for loan loss is estimated for each TDR based on the most likely source of repayment for each loan. For impaired commercial real estate loans that are collateral dependent, the allowance is computed based on the fair value of the underlying collateral. For impaired commercial loans where repayment is expected from cash flows from business operations and/or sale of collateral, the allowance is computed based on a discounted cash flow computation. The allowance allocations for commercial TDRs where we have reduced the contractual interest rate are computed by measuring cash flows using the new payment terms discounted at the original contractual rate.

 

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The following table presents, by portfolio segment, information with respect to the Company’s loans that were modified and recorded as TDRs during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

   For the three months ended September 30, 
   2012   2011 
   Number of
loans
   TDR outstanding
recorded investment
   Number of
loans
   TDR outstanding
recorded investment
 
Commercial real estate   -   $-    25   $21,339 
Construction   1    72    13    6,247 
Residential real estate   2    166    14    5,196 
Commerical and industrial   17    824    37    7,202 
Consumer   6    113    42    333 
    26   $1,175    131   $40,317 

 

   For the nine months ended September 30, 
   2012   2011 
   Number of
loans
   TDR outstanding
recorded investment
   Number of
loans
   TDR outstanding
recorded investment
 
Commercial real estate   4   $1,734    42   $45,577 
Construction   2    4,497    22    7,040 
Residential real estate   9    476    31    8,007 
Commerical and industrial   26    1,405    107    10,775 
Consumer   39    423    115    1,101 
    80   $8,535    317   $72,500 

 

There was no change in the pre- and post-TDR outstanding recorded investment for loans restructured during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. At September 30, 2012, the Company had remaining commitments to lend on loans accounted for as TDRs of $1.2 million. At September 30, 2011, the remaining commitments were immaterial.

 

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The following table presents, by portfolio segment, the post modification recorded investment for TDRs restructured during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 by the primary type of concession granted:

 

Three months ended
September 30, 2012  
  Rate
reduction  
   Term
extension  
   Rate reduction
and term
extension  
   Total 
Commercial real estate    $4   $1   $-   $5 
Construction     -    72    -    72 
Residential real estate    -    67    99    166 
Commerical and industrial   80    409    335    824 
Consumer     -    83    30    113 
   $84   $632   $464   $1,180 

 

Nine months ended
September 30, 2012
  Rate
reduction
   Term
extension
   Rate reduction
and term
extension
   Total 
Commercial real estate  $1,299   $435   $-   $1,734 
Construction   -    4,497    -    4,497 
Residential real estate   -    377    99    476 
Commerical and industrial   169    748    488    1,405 
Consumer   -    393    30    423 
   $1,468   $6,450   $617   $8,535 

 

The following table presents, by portfolio segment, the TDRs which had payment defaults during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 that had been previously restructured within the last twelve months prior to September 30, 2012:

 

   For the three months ended September 30, 
   2012   2011 
   Number of
loans
   TDRs restructured in the
period with a payment
default
   Number
of loans
   TDRs restructured in the
period with a payment
default
 
Commercial real estate   -   $-    -   $- 
Construction   -    -    -    - 
Residential real estate   -    -    2    302 
Commercial and industrial loans   1   $193    3   $224 
Consumer loans   -   $-    -   $- 
    1   $193    5   $526 

 

   For the nine months ended September 30, 
   2012   2011 
Commercial real estate   -   $-    1   $573 
Construction   -    -    -    - 
Residential real estate   -    -    3    636 
Commercial and industrial loans   1   $193    12   $8,476 
Consumer loans   1    3    7    71 
    2   $196    23   $9,756 

 

6.Mortgage Servicing Rights (“MSRs”)

 

The Bank sells a predominant share of the mortgage loans it originates into the secondary market while retaining servicing of such loans. MSRs included in accrued interest and other assets in the condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2012 are accounted for at the lower of origination value less accumulated amortization or current fair value. The net carrying value of MSRs at September 30, 2012 was $986 thousand, which includes a valuation allowance of $139 thousand.

 

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The following table presents activity in MSRs for the periods shown (dollars in thousands):

 

   Three months ended
September 30,
   Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   2012   2012 
Balance at beginning of period  $774   $- 
Additions   391    1,209 
Amortization   (40)   (84)
Change in valuation allowance   (139)   (139)
Balances at end of period  $986   $986 

 

There were no significant transactions in MSRs during the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

7.Other Real Estate Owned (“OREO”), net

 

The following table presents activity related to OREO for the periods shown (dollars in thousands):

 

   Three months ended
September 30,
   Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Balance at beginning of period  $12,251   $37,112   $21,270   $39,536 
Additions   296    2,336    1,268    9,186 
Dispositions   (8,909)   (4,831)   (26,314)   (12,893)
Change in valuation allowance   4,909    (4,303)   12,323    (5,515)
Balances at end of period  $8,547   $30,314   $8,547   $30,314 

 

The following table summarizes activity in the OREO valuation allowance for the periods shown (dollars in thousands):

 

   Three months ended
September 30,
   Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Balance at beginning of period  $22,872   $18,061   $30,287   $16,849 
Additions to the valuation allowance   -    4,493    86    6,762 
Reductions due to sales   (4,909)   (190)   (12,410)   (1,247)
Balance at end of period  $17,963   $22,364   $17,963   $22,364 

 

The following table summarizes OREO expenses for the periods shown (dollars in thousands):

 

   Three months ended
September 30,
   Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Operating costs  $85   $157   $786   $599 
Net (gains) losses on dispositions   -    1,366    (38)   1,545 
Increases in valuation allowance   -    4,493    86    6,762 
Total  $85   $6,016   $834   $8,906 

 

8.Other Borrowings

 

At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Bank had a total of $60.0 million in long-term borrowings from FHLB with maturities ranging from 2014 to 2017, bearing a weighted-average rate of 3.13%.

 

At September 30, 2012, the Bank had $111.5 million in available credit at the FHLB, along with undrawn borrowing capacity at the Federal Reserve Bank (“FRB”) of approximately $23.9 million assuming pledged collateral continues to meet FHLB and FRB standards for qualifications.

 

See “Capital Resources” and “Liquidity” under Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for further discussion.

 

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9.Basic and Diluted Net Income per Common Share

 

The Company’s basic net income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The Company’s diluted net income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding plus any incremental shares arising from the dilutive effect of stock-based compensation.

 

The numerators and denominators used in computing basic and diluted net income per common share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 can be reconciled as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share data):

 

   Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Net income before extraordinary net gain  $1,825   $(54,420)  $4,643   $(54,204)
Extraordinary gain on extinguishment of junior subordinated debentures, net of income taxes   -    -    -    32,839 
Net income (loss)  $1,825   $(54,420)  $4,643   $(21,365)
                     
Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic   47,142,441    47,091,697    47,122,536    42,473,730 
Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted   47,292,941    N/A    47,270,522    N/A 
Common stock equivalent shares excluded due to antidilutive effect   19,412    138,864    16,283    106,503 
                     
Basic and diluted:                    
Income (loss) before extraordinary net gain per common share  $0.04   $(1.16)  $0.10   $(1.27)
Extraordinary net gain per common share   -    -    -    0.77 
Net income (loss) per common share  $0.04   $(1.16)  $0.10   $(0.50)

 

10.Stock-Based Compensation

 

At September 30, 2012, 4,838,074 shares reserved under the stock-based compensation plans were available for future grants.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company granted 56,223 additional shares of restricted stock with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $5.70 per share, which vest during 2014 and 2015. During the same period, the Company also granted 19,412 stock options with a weighted-average grant date fair value of approximately $4.25 per option. These stock options vest in 2014. The Company did not grant any stock options in 2011. The Company used the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions to value options granted in 2012:

 

Dividend yield   0.0%
Expected volatility   85.0%
Risk-free interest rate   1.4%
Expected option lives   6 years 

 

The dividend yield was based on historical dividend information. The expected volatility was based on the historical volatility of the Company’s common stock price. The risk-free interest rate was based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the date of grant for periods corresponding with the expected lives of the options granted. The expected option lives represent the period of time that options are expected to be outstanding giving consideration to vesting schedules and historical exercise and forfeiture patterns.

 

The Black-Scholes option-pricing model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of publicly-traded options that have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable.  The Black-Scholes model is affected by subjective assumptions including historical volatility of the Company’s common stock price.  Because the Company has relatively low average trading volume in its common stock, its estimated volatility may be higher than publicly-traded companies with greater trading volumes. 

 

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The following table presents the activity related to stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

   Options   Weighted-
average
exercise
price
   Weighted-
average
remaining
contractual
term (years)
   Aggregate
intrinsic
value (000)
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2012   144,370   $68.90    5.9   $- 
Granted   19,412    4.25    1.9    27.8 
Cancelled/forefeited   (22,928)   68.73    N/A    N/A 
Expired   (8,110)   68.97    N/A    N/A 
Options outstanding at September 30, 2012   132,744   $59.72    6.1   $27.8 
Options exercisable at September 30, 2012   54,482   $137.22    3.4   $- 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $136 thousand and $108 thousand, respectively. As of September 30, 2012, there was approximately $90 thousand unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested stock options which will be recognized over the remaining vesting periods of the underlying stock options.

 

The following table presents the activity related to nonvested restricted stock for the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

   Number of
shares
   Weighted-
average grant
date fair value
per share
 
Nonvested as of January 1, 2012   138,864   $15.72 
Granted   56,223    5.70 
Vested   (25,208)   7.20 
Cancelled/forefeited   (19,378)   7.13 
Nonvested as of September 30, 2012   150,501   $14.51 

 

Nonvested restricted stock is generally scheduled to vest over a three year period and as of September 30, 2012 has a remaining vesting term of approximately two years. The unearned compensation on restricted stock is being amortized to expense on a straight-line basis over the applicable vesting periods. As of September 30, 2012, unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock totaled approximately $532 thousand, which is expected to be recognized over the next three and a half years. Total expense recognized by the Company for nonvested restricted stock for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 were $628 thousand and $473 thousand, respectively, and is being amortized to expense on a straight-line basis over the applicable vesting periods. There was no unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock units (“RSUs”) at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, as all RSUs were fully-vested at the date of the grant.

 

During the third quarter of 2012, the Company issued a total of 1,802 shares of nonvested restricted stock to new hires at a weighted average grant price of $5.55 per share. These shares are included in the above table of activity related to nonvested restricted stock for the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

 

11.Income Taxes

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company recorded an income tax provision of approximately $50 thousand. This provision for income taxes was calculated based on management’s current projections of estimated full-year pre-tax results of operations, estimated utilization of deferred tax assets on which a full valuation allowance was previously recorded, and other permanent book/tax differences. Accordingly, this calculation and the estimated income tax amounts are subject to adjustment as additional facts become available and management’s estimates are revised. During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, the Company recorded an income tax provision of approximately $10.3 million. Included in this amount was an income tax provision of approximately $22.1 million related to the extraordinary gain on the extinguishment of the Debentures (see Note 2), which was calculated based on the Company’s estimated statutory income tax rates. The income tax provision of $10.3 million also includes a credit for income taxes of approximately $11.8 million related to the Company’s loss from operations excluding the extraordinary gain.

 

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Management determined the amount of the deferred tax valuation allowance at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 by evaluating the nature and amount of historical and projected future taxable income, the scheduled reversal of deferred tax assets and liabilities, and available tax planning strategies. The ability to utilize deferred tax assets is a complex process requiring in-depth analysis of statutory, judicial, and regulatory guidance and estimates of future taxable income. The amount of deferred taxes recognized could be impacted by changes to any of these variables.

 

As of September 30, 2012, the Company maintained a full valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset balance of $52.2 million. There are a number of tax issues that impact the deferred tax asset balance including changes in temporary differences between the financial statement and tax recognition of revenue and expenses, the recapture of previously realized deferred tax assets that are now deemed unrealizable, and a reduction of deferred tax assets due to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. See also “Critical Accounting Policies and Accounting Estimates – Deferred Income Taxes” included in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

12. Fair Value Measurements

 

GAAP establishes a hierarchy for determining fair value measurements which includes three levels and is based upon the valuation techniques used to measure assets and liabilities. The three levels are as follows:

 

·Level 1: Inputs that are quoted unadjusted prices in active markets - that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date - for identical assets or liabilities.

 

·Level 2: Inputs that reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, and inputs derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

·Level 3: Inputs that reflect the reporting entity's own assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances.

 

A description of the valuation methodologies used for instruments measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy, is set forth below. These valuation methodologies were applied to all of the Company’s assets and liabilities carried at fair value. In general, fair value is based upon quoted market prices, where available. If such quoted market prices are not available, fair value is based upon internal or third party models that primarily use, as inputs, observable market-based parameters. Valuation adjustments may be made to ensure that assets or liabilities are recorded at fair value. These adjustments may include amounts to reflect counterparty credit quality and the Company’s creditworthiness, among other things, as well as unobservable parameters. Any such valuation adjustments are applied consistently over time. The Company’s valuation methodologies may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. While management believes that the Company’s valuation methodologies are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain assets and liabilities could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date. Furthermore, the reported fair value amounts have not been comprehensively revalued since the presentation dates, and, therefore, estimates of fair value after the condensed consolidated balance sheet date may differ significantly from the amounts presented herein.

 

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis, as well as the general classification of such assets pursuant to valuation hierarchy:

 

Investment securities available-for-sale: Where quoted prices for identical assets are available in an active market, investment securities available-for-sale are classified within level 1 of the hierarchy. If quoted market prices for identical securities are not available, then fair values are estimated by independent sources using pricing models and/or quoted prices of investment securities with similar characteristics or discounted cash flows. The Company has categorized its investment securities available-for-sale as level 2, since a majority of such securities are MBS which are mainly priced in this latter manner.

 

26
 

 

Impaired loans: In accordance with GAAP, loans measured for impairment are reported at estimated fair value, including impaired loans measured at an observable market price (if available), the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, or at the fair value of the loan’s collateral (if collateral dependent). Estimated fair value of the loan’s collateral is determined by appraisals or independent valuations which are then adjusted for the estimated costs related to liquidation of the collateral. Management’s ongoing review of appraisal information may result in additional discounts or adjustments to valuation based upon more recent market sales activity or more current appraisal information derived from properties of similar type and/or locale. A significant portion of the Bank’s impaired loans are measured using the estimated fair market value of the collateral less the estimated costs to sell. The Company has categorized its impaired loans as level 3.

 

OREO: The Company’s OREO is measured at estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell. Fair value is generally determined based on third-party appraisals of fair value in an orderly sale. Historically, appraisals have considered comparable sales of like assets in reaching a conclusion as to fair value. Since many recent real estate sales could be termed “distressed sales”, and since a preponderance have been short-sale or foreclosure related, this has directly impacted appraisal valuation estimates. Estimated costs to sell OREO are based on standard market factors. In addition to valuation adjustments recorded on specific OREO properties, at December 31, 2011, the Company recorded a $5.0 million general valuation allowance allocated among homogenous groupings of OREO properties. At September 30, 2012 the balance in the general valuation allowance was $1.1 million. The valuation of OREO is subject to significant external and internal judgment. Management periodically reviews OREO to determine whether the property continues to be carried at the lower of its recorded book value or estimated fair value, net of estimated costs to sell. The Company has categorized its OREO as level 3.

 

The Company’s only financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3 
September 30, 2012               
Investment securities available - for - sale  $-   $274,863   $- 
                
December 31, 2011               
Investment securities available - for - sale  $-   $209,506   $- 

 

Certain assets, such as impaired loans and OREO, are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis (e.g., the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments when there is evidence of impairment). The following table represents the assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis by the Company at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
September 30, 2012               
Impaired loans with specific valuation allowances  $-   $-   $54,649 
Other real estate owned   -    -    8,547 
   $-   $-   $63,196 
                
December 31, 2011               
Impaired loans with specific valuation allowances  $-   $-   $39,436 
Other real estate owned   -    -    21,270 
   $-   $-   $60,706 

 

27
 

 

The following table presents quantitative information about level 3 fair value measurements for financial instruments measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis at September 30, 2012 (dollars in thousands):

 

   September 30, 2012
   Fair Value
Estimate
   Valuation
Techniques
  Unobservable Input
           
Impaired loans  $54,649   Market approach  Appraised value less selling costs of 5% to 10%
           Liquidation expenses of 5% to 50%
            
Other real estate owned  $8,547   Market approach  Appraised value less selling costs of 5% to 10%

 

Other than the establishment of a general valuation allowance on OREO at December 31, 2011, the Company did not change the methodology used to determine fair value for any assets or liabilities during 2011, or during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. In addition, for any given class of assets, the Company did not have any transfers between level 1, level 2, or level 3 during 2011 or the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

 

The following disclosures are made in accordance with the provisions of GAAP, which requires the disclosure of fair value information about financial instruments where it is practicable to estimate that value.

 

In cases where quoted market values are not available, the Company primarily uses present value techniques to estimate the fair value of its financial instruments. Valuation methods require considerable judgment, and the resulting estimates of fair value can be significantly affected by the assumptions made and methods used. Accordingly, the estimates provided herein do not necessarily indicate amounts which could be realized in a current market exchange.

 

In addition, as the Company normally intends to hold the majority of its financial instruments until maturity, it does not expect to realize many of the estimated amounts disclosed. The disclosures also do not include estimated fair value amounts for items which are not defined as financial instruments but which may have significant value. The Company does not believe that it would be practicable to estimate a representational fair value for these types of items as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

Because GAAP excludes certain financial instruments and all nonfinancial instruments from its disclosure requirements, any aggregation of the fair value amounts presented would not represent the underlying value of the Company.

 

The Company uses the following methods and assumptions to estimate the fair value of its financial instruments:

 

Cash and cash equivalents:  The carrying amount approximates the estimated fair value of these instruments.

 

Investment securities: See above description.

 

FHLB stock:  The carrying amount approximates the estimated fair value of this investment.

 

Loans:  The estimated fair value of non-impaired loans is calculated by discounting the contractual cash flows of the loans using September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 origination rates. The resulting amounts are adjusted to estimate the effect of changes in the credit quality of borrowers since the loans were originated. Estimated fair values for impaired loans are determined using an observable market price, (if available), the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, or the fair value of the loan’s collateral (if collateral dependent) as described above. Observable market prices for community bank loans are not generally available given the non-homogenous characteristics of such loans.

 

BOLI: The carrying amount approximates the estimated fair value of these instruments.

 

Deposits:  The estimated fair value of demand deposits, consisting of checking, interest bearing demand, and savings deposit accounts, is represented by the amounts payable on demand. At the reporting date, the estimated fair value of time deposits is calculated by discounting the scheduled cash flows using the September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 rates offered on those instruments.

 

28
 

 

Other borrowings:   The fair value of other borrowings (including federal funds purchased, if any) are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses based on the Bank’s September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements.

 

Loan commitments and standby letters of credit: The majority of the Bank’s commitments to extend credit have variable interest rates and “escape” clauses if the customer’s credit quality deteriorates. Therefore, the fair values of these items are not significant and are not included in the following table.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s significant on-balance sheet financial instruments at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were approximately as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

      September 30, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   Level in Fair
Value
Heirarchy
  Carrying
value
   Estimated
fair value
   Carrying
value
   Estimated
fair value
 
Financial assets:                       
Cash and cash equivalents  Level 1  $93,412   $93,412   $128,439   $128,439 
Investment securities:                       
Available-for-sale  Level 2   274,863    274,863    209,506    209,506 
Held-to-maturity  Level 2   1,023    1,081    1,334    1,412 
FHLB stock  Level 2   10,378    10,378    10,472    10,472 
Loans, net  Level 2   827,030    855,196    853,659    877,742 
BOLI  Level 3   35,434    35,434    34,683    34,683 
                        
Financial liabilities:                       
Deposits  Level 2   1,070,506    1,071,063    1,086,827    1,088,210 
FHLB borrowings  Level 2   60,000    65,419    60,000    65,646 

 

13.Regulatory Matters

 

Bancorp and the Bank are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the federal and state banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory – and possibly additional discretionary – actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, Bancorp and the Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. Bancorp’s and the Bank’s capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors.

 

Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require Bancorp and the Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios (set forth in the tables below) of Tier 1 capital to average assets and Tier 1 and total capital to risk-weighted assets (all as defined in the regulations).

 

Federal banking regulators are required to take prompt corrective action if an insured depository institution fails to satisfy certain minimum capital requirements. Such actions could potentially include a leverage capital limit, a risk-based capital requirement, and any other measure of capital deemed appropriate by the federal banking regulator for measuring the capital adequacy of an insured depository institution. In addition, payment of dividends by Bancorp and the Bank are subject to restriction by state and federal regulators and availability of retained earnings. At September 30, 2012 the Bank met the regulatory benchmarks to be “well-capitalized” under the applicable regulations and the Order (discussed below). At December 31, 2011 the Bank did not meet the 10% Tier 1 leverage ratio requirement per the Order, and was considered “adequately capitalized” under the applicable regulations. At September 30, 2012 Bancorp also met the regulatory benchmarks to be “well-capitalized” under applicable regulations and the Written Agreement (discussed below). However, at December 31, 2011 Bancorp did not meet the Written Agreement’s requirement that Bancorp maintain a 10% Tier 1 leverage ratio and Bancorp was considered “adequately capitalized” under the applicable regulations. As a result, Bancorp filed the required update to its capital plan with the FRB and the Oregon Division of Finance and Corporate Securities (“DFCS”) which was accepted by its regulators.

 

On August 27, 2009, the Bank entered into an agreement with the FDIC, its principal federal banking regulator, and DFCS which requires the Bank to take certain measures to improve its safety and soundness.

 

29
 

 

In connection with this agreement, the Bank stipulated to the issuance by the FDIC and the DFCS of a cease-and-desist order (the “Order”) against the Bank based on certain findings from an examination of the Bank concluded in February 2009 based upon financial and lending data measured as of December 31, 2008 (the Report of Examination, or “ROE”). In entering into the stipulation and consenting to entry of the Order, the Bank did not concede the findings or admit to any of the assertions therein.

 

Under the Order, the Bank is required to take certain measures to improve its capital position, maintain liquidity ratios, reduce its level of non-performing assets, reduce its loan concentrations in certain portfolios, improve management practices and board supervision, and assure that its reserve for loan losses is maintained at an appropriate level.

 

Among the corrective actions required are for the Bank to develop and adopt a plan to maintain the minimum capital requirements for a “well-capitalized” bank, including a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10% at the Bank level beginning 150 days from the issuance of the Order. As of September 30, 2012, the requirement relating to increasing the Bank’s Tier 1 leverage ratio has been met.

 

The Order further requires the Bank to ensure the level of the reserve for loan losses is maintained at appropriate levels to safeguard the book value of the Bank’s loans and leases, and to reduce the amount of classified loans as of the ROE to no more than 75% of capital. As of September 30, 2012, the requirement that the amount of classified loans as of the ROE be reduced to no more than 75% of capital has been met. As required by the Order, all assets classified as “Loss” in the ROE have been charged-off. The Bank has also developed and implemented a process for the review and approval of all applicable asset disposition plans.

 

The Order further requires the Bank to maintain a primary liquidity ratio (net cash, plus net short-term and marketable assets divided by net deposits and short-term liabilities) of at least 15%. As of September 30, 2012, the Bank’s primary liquidity ratio was 25.67%.

 

In addition, pursuant to the Order, the Bank must retain qualified management and must notify the FDIC and the DFCS in writing when it proposes to add any individual to its Board or to employ any new senior executive officer. Under the Order, the Bank’s Board must also increase its participation in the affairs of the Bank, assuming full responsibility for the approval of sound policies and objectives and for the supervision of all the Bank’s activities. The Order also restricts the Bank from taking certain actions without the consent of the FDIC and the DFCS, including paying cash dividends, and from extending additional credit to certain types of borrowers.

 

The Order remains in place until lifted by the FDIC and DFCS, and, therefore, the Bank remains subject to the requirements and restrictions set forth therein.

 

On October 26, 2009, Bancorp entered into a written agreement with the FRB and DFCS (the “Written Agreement”), which requires Bancorp to take certain measures to improve its safety and soundness. Under the Written Agreement, Bancorp was required to develop and submit for approval, a plan to maintain sufficient capital at Bancorp and the Bank within 60 days of the date of the Written Agreement. The Company submitted a strategic plan on October 28, 2009. As of September 30, 2012, Bancorp met the 10% Tier 1 leverage ratio requirement per the Written Agreement, however at December 31, 2011 Bancorp did not meet this requirement and was considered “adequately capitalized” under the applicable regulations. As a result, Bancorp filed the required update to its capital plan with the FRB and DFCS which was accepted by its regulators.

 

30
 

 

Bancorp’s actual and required capital amounts and ratios as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are presented in the following table (dollars in thousands):

 

   Actual   Regulatory minimum to
be "adequately
capitalized"
   Regulatory minimum
to be "well capitalized"
under prompt
corrective action
provisions
 
   Capital
Amount
   Ratio   Capital
Amount
   Ratio   Capital
Amount
   Ratio 
September 30, 2012                              
Tier 1 leverage                              
(to average assets)  $136,256    10.6%  $51,396    4.0%  $128,491    10.0%(1)
Tier 1 capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   136,256    13.6    39,970    4.0    59,955    6.0 
Total capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   149,070    14.9    79,939    8.0    99,924    10.0 
                               
December 31, 2011:                              
Tier 1 leverage                              
(to average assets)  $130,172    9.4%  $55,260    4.0%  $138,151    10.0 %(1)
Tier 1 capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   130,172    13.0    39,917    4.0    59,875    6.0 
Total capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   143,067    14.3    79,834    8.0    99,792    10.0 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to the Written Agreement, in order to be deemed "well capitalized", Bancorp must maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10.00%.

 

The Bank’s actual and required capital amounts and ratios are presented in the following table (dollars in thousands):

 

   Actual   Regulatory minimum
to be "adequately
capitalized"
   Regulatory minimum
to be "well capitalized"
under prompt
corrective action
provisions
 
   Capital
Amount
   Ratio   Capital
Amount
   Ratio   Capital
Amount
   Ratio 
September 30, 2012                              
Tier 1 leverage                              
(to average assets)  $135,883    10.6%  $51,380    4.0%  $128,451    10.0%(1)
Tier 1 capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   135,883    13.6    39,967    4.0    59,951    6.0 
Total capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   148,696    14.9    79,934    8.0    99,918    10.0 
                               
December 31, 2011 (2):                              
Tier 1 leverage                              
(to average assets)  $129,473    9.4%  $55,223    4.0%  $138,059    10.0 %(1)
Tier 1 capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   129,473    13.0    39,910    4.0    59,865    6.0 
Total capital                              
(to risk-weighted assets)   142,366    14.3    79,819    8.0    99,774    10.0 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to the Order, in order to be deemed "well capitalized", the Bank must maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10.00%.

(2) Adjusted to correct an error in the computation of the Bank’s regulatory capital at December 31, 2011. See Note 16 to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements included in the Company's Quarter Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012.

 

14.New Authoritative Accounting Guidance

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, “Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs” (ASU 2011-04). The provisions of ASU 2011-04 amend FASB ASC Topic 820, clarify the Board’s intent regarding application of existing fair value measurement guidance, and revise certain measurement and disclosure requirements to achieve convergence of U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The amendments clarify the FASB’s intent about the application of the highest-and-best-use and valuation premise and with respect to the measurement of fair value of an instrument classified as equity. The amendment also expands the information required to be disclosed with respect to fair value measurements categorized in Level 3 fair value measurements and the items not measured at fair value but for which fair value must be disclosed. The provisions of ASU 2011-04 are effective for the Company’s first reporting period beginning on January 1, 2012, with early adoption not permitted. The adoption of ASU 2011-04 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income” (ASU 2011-05). The provisions of ASU 2011-05 amend FASB ASC Topic 220 “Comprehensive Income” to eliminate the current option to present the components of other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity, and require the presentation of net income and other comprehensive income (and their respective components) either in a single continuous statement or in two separate but consecutive statements. The amendments do not alter any current recognition or measurement requirements with respect to items of other comprehensive income. The provisions of ASU 2011-05 are effective for the Company’s first reporting period beginning on January 1, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2011-05 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, “Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05” (ASU 2011-12). ASU 2011-12 defers changes in ASU 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments to allow the FASB time to re-deliberate whether to require presentation of such adjustments on the face of the consolidated financial statements to show the effects of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the components of net income and other comprehensive income. ASU 2011-12 allows entities to continue to report reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income consistent with the presentation requirements in effect before ASU 2011-05. All other requirements in ASU 2011-05 are not affected by ASU 2011-12. ASU 2011-12 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU 2011-12 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

15.Commitments and Contingencies

 

The Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business.  While the outcome of these matters is currently not determinable, management does not expect that the ultimate costs to resolve these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

ITEM 2.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. This discussion highlights key information as determined by management but may not contain all of the information that is important to you. For a more complete understanding, the following should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 27, 2012, including its audited 2011 consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011.

 

Cautionary Information Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements about the Company’s plans and anticipated results of operations and financial condition. These statements include, but are not limited to, our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and are not statements of historical fact. When used in this report, the words “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “could,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “plan,” “predicts,” “projections,” “continue” and other similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements, as do any other statements that expressly or implicitly predict future events, results or performance, and such statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Certain risks and uncertainties, and the Company’s success in managing such risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected, including, among others, the risk factors disclosed in Part 1 - Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 27, 2012 for the year ended December 31, 2011.

  

These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Company undertakes no obligation to publish revised forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or circumstances after the date hereof. Readers should carefully review all disclosures filed by the Company from time to time with the SEC.

 

32
 

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Accounting Estimates

 

The accounting and reporting policies followed by the Company conform, in all material respects, to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and to general practices within the financial services industry. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. While the Company bases estimates on historical experience, current information and other factors deemed to be relevant, actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

The Company considers accounting estimates to be critical to reported financial results if (i) the accounting estimate requires management to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain and (ii) different estimates that management reasonably could have used for the accounting estimate in the current period, or changes in the accounting estimate that are reasonably likely to occur from period to period, could have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements. Accounting policies related to the reserve for loan losses are considered to be critical, as these policies involve considerable subjective judgment and estimation by management.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company revised and continued to enhance its methodology for estimating the adequacy of the reserve for loan losses. The significant revisions to the methodology included (1) the application of historical loss factors by risk rating for each loan segment, as compared to the prior method which utilized blended historical loss factors, (2) a change to historical look-back periods, and (3) refinement of the qualitative factors and application thereof used to adjust the estimated historical loss factors. The reserve for loan losses at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were significantly affected by the revisions and enhancements to the Company’s methodology, as well as the effects of the charge-offs incurred in the 2011 Bulk Sale of certain loans (see Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report) on its historical loss factors.

 

The issuance of common stock in connection with the Company’s successful completion of its Capital Raise (see Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report) in the first quarter of 2011 resulted in an “ownership change” of the Company, as broadly defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. As a result of the ownership change, utilization of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards and certain built-in losses under federal income tax laws will be subject to annual limitation. Given the limited carryforward period assigned to these tax deductions in excess of this annual limit, some portion of these potential deductions will be lost and, consequently, the related tax benefits may not be recorded in the financial statements.

 

At September 30, 2012, the Company continued to conclude it was more likely than not that its deferred tax asset would not be realized. Accordingly it has maintained a full valuation allowance that has reduced its deferred tax asset to zero. The determination as to utilization of deferred tax assets requires significant judgment, the use of estimates and the interpretation of complex tax laws. The Company continues to evaluate available evidence, including its forecasts of future taxable income and related operating results, to determine whether some or all of its deferred income tax assets may become realizable.

 

For additional information regarding critical accounting policies, refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Accounting Estimates” included in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

There have been no significant changes in the Company’s application of critical accounting policies since December 31, 2011.

 

Revision to Previously Reported Financial Information

 

As previously reported in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012, management discovered an error in the computation of the Bank’s regulatory capital for purposes of the Bank’s FDIC Call Reports. This Call Report error affected the Bank’s regulatory capital disclosures in certain of the Company’s prior filings with the SEC including disclosures about the Bank’s compliance with a regulatory order applicable to the Bank. The correction of the error had no effect on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet, income statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, or the amounts or disclosure of the regulatory capital or regulatory capital ratios of Bancorp. The Company believes the error will not affect the Bank’s status with respect to its outstanding regulatory agreements with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) or the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services, Division of Finance & Corporate Securities (“DFCS”).

 

33
 

 

For additional information regarding the revisions to previously reported financial information, refer to Note 16 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Revision to Previously Reported Financial Information” included in Part I, Item 2 of the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012.

 

Status of the Regulatory Order

 

On August 27, 2009, the Bank stipulated to the issuance by the FDIC and DFCS of an order to cease and desist (the “Order”). Management believes the Bank is in substantial compliance with the requirements of the Order and expects that the Order will be lifted in due course. Management also believes that the error in the Bank’s Call Reports did not contravene the Order.  Further, management believes that if the Order is removed the Bank may remain subject to an informal supervisory directive or memorandum of understanding, the terms of which would likely continue to impose certain limitations on the Bank’s operations.

 

New Proposed Capital Rules

 

On June 12, 2012, the three federal banking regulators (including the Federal Reserve and the FDIC) jointly announced that they were seeking comment on three sets of proposed regulations relating to capital (the “Proposed Rules”). The Proposed Rules would apply to both depository institutions and (subject to certain exceptions not applicable to the Company) their holding companies. Although parts of the Proposed Rules would apply only to large, complex financial institutions, substantial portions of the Proposed Rules would apply to the Bank and Bancorp. The Proposed Rules include requirements contemplated by the Dodd-Frank Act as well as certain standards initially adopted by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2010, which standards are commonly referred to as “Basel III”.

 

The Proposed Rules include new risk-based and leverage capital ratio requirements, which would be phased in beginning in 2013 and be fully implemented January 1, 2015, and would refine the definition of what constitutes “capital” for purposes of calculating those ratios. The proposed new minimum capital level requirements applicable to Bancorp and the Bank under the Proposed Rules would be: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions. Common equity Tier 1 capital would consist of retained earnings and common stock instruments, subject to certain adjustments.

 

The Proposed Rules would also establish a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5% above the new regulatory minimum risk-based capital requirements. The conservation buffer would consist entirely of common equity Tier 1 capital and, when added to the capital requirements, would result in the following minimum ratios: (i) a common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 7.0%, (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8.5%, and (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.5%. The new capital conservation buffer requirement would be phased in beginning in January 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and would increase by that amount each year until fully implemented in January 2019. An institution would be subject to limitations on certain activities including payment of dividends, share repurchases and discretionary bonuses to executive officers if its capital level is below the buffer amount.

 

The Proposed Rules would also revise the prompt corrective action framework, which is designed to place restrictions on insured depository institutions, including the Bank, if their capital levels do not meet certain thresholds. These revisions would be phased in beginning in 2013 and be fully implemented January 1, 2015. The prompt correction action rules would be modified to include a common equity Tier 1 capital component and to increase certain other capital requirements for the various thresholds. For example, under the proposed prompt corrective action rules, insured depository institutions would be required to meet the following capital levels in order to qualify as “well capitalized”: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8% (increased from 6%); (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% (unchanged from current rules).

 

The Proposed Rules set forth certain changes in the methods of calculating certain risk-weighted assets, which in turn would affect the calculation of risk based ratios. These new calculations would take effect beginning January 1, 2015. Under the Proposed Rules, higher or more sensitive risk weights would be assigned to various categories of assets, including residential mortgages, certain credit facilities that finance the acquisition, development or construction of real property, certain exposures or credits that are 90 days past due or on nonaccrual, foreign exposures and certain corporate exposures. In addition, the Proposed Rules include (i) alternative standards of credit worthiness consistent with the Dodd-Frank Act; (ii) greater recognition of collateral and guarantees; and (iii) revised capital treatment for derivatives and repo-style transactions.

 

34
 

 

As of the date of this filing, final regulations have not been issued. We cannot predict at this time when or in what form final rules will be adopted.

 

Economic Conditions

 

The Company’s business is closely tied to the economies of Idaho and Oregon in general and is particularly affected by the economies of Central, Southern and Northwest Oregon, as well as the greater Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho area. The uncertain depth and duration of the present sluggish economic conditions could cause further deterioration of these local economies, resulting in an adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. Real estate values in these areas have declined and may continue to fall or remain depressed for an uncertain amount of time. Unemployment rates in these areas continue to be high and could increase further. Business activity across a wide range of industries and regions has been impacted and local governments and many businesses are facing serious challenges due to uneven consumer spending driven by elevated unemployment and uncertainty. Recently, the national and regional economies and real estate price declines have appeared to show signs of stabilization. However, elevated unemployment, business and consumer confidence, national fiscal policy and other indicators continue to suggest that the future direction of the economy remains uncertain.

 

35
 

 

CASCADE BANCORP

Selected Consolidated Financial Highlights

(In thousands, except per share data and ratios; unaudited)

 

   Year over Year Quarter   Linked Quarter 
   3rd Qtr   3rd Qtr   %   2nd Qtr   % 
   2012   2011   Change   2012   Change 
Balance Sheet Data (at period end)                    
Investment securities  $275,886   $136,287    102.4%  $269,100    2.5%
Loans, gross   862,673    929,321    -7.2%   845,517    2.0%
Total assets   1,296,429    1,392,799    -6.9%   1,276,874    1.5%
Total deposits   1,070,506    1,148,126    -6.8%   1,053,863    1.6%
Non-interest bearing deposits   413,017    417,947    -1.2%   386,413    6.9%
Total common shareholders' equity (book)   139,279    158,516    -12.1%   136,656    1.9%
Tangible common shareholders' equity (tangible) (1)   139,279    154,711    -10.0%   136,656    1.9%
Income Statement Data                         
Interest income  $13,462   $16,174    -16.8%  $13,797    -2.4%
Interest expense   1,171    2,654    -55.9%   1,289    -9.1%
Net interest income   12,291    13,520    -9.1%   12,508    -1.7%
Loan loss provision   -    52,800    -100.0%   -    0.0%
Net interest income after loan loss provision   12,291    (39,280)   -131.3%   12,508    -1.7%
Noninterest income   3,233    2,822    14.6%   3,439    -6.0%
Noninterest expense   13,699    25,418    -46.1%   14,165    -3.3%
Income (loss) before income taxes   1,825    (61,876)   -103.0%   1,782    2.4%
Provision for income taxes   -    7,456    -100.0%   (25)   -100.0%
Net income   1,825    (54,420)   -103.4%   1,757    3.9%
Share Data                         
Basic net income per common share  $0.04   $(1.16)   -103.4%  $0.04    0.0%
Diluted net income per common share  $0.04   $(1.16)   -103.4%  $0.04    0.0%
Book value per common share  $2.95   $3.36    -12.3%  $2.89    1.9%
Tangible book value per common share  $2.95   $3.28    -10.1%  $2.89    1.9%
Basic average shares outstanding   47,142    47,092    0.1%   47,133    0.0%
Fully diluted average shares outstanding   47,293    47,092    0.4%   47,284    0.0%
Key Ratios                         
Return on average total shareholders' equity (book)   5.25%   -100.92%   -105.2%   5.23%   -0.4%
Return on average total shareholders' equity (tangible)   5.25%   -102.85%   -105.1%   5.23%   -0.4%
Return on average total assets   0.56%   -13.78%   -104.1%   0.55%   -1.8%
Net interest spread   3.81%   3.26%   16.9%   3.92%   -2.8%
Net interest margin   4.07%   3.70%   10.0%   4.18%   -2.6%
Total revenue (net int inc + non int inc)  $15,524   $16,342    -5.0%  $15,947    -2.7%
Efficiency ratio (2)   88.25%   155.53%   -43.3%   88.82%   -0.6%
Credit Quality Ratios                         
Reserve for credit losses  $37,193   $32,567    14.2%  $39,769    -6.5%
Reserve for credit losses to ending gross loans   4.31%   3.50%   23.0%   4.93%   -12.5%
Non-performing assets (NPAs) (3)  $19,617   $42,781    -54.1%  $21,682    -9.5%
Non-performing assets to total assets   1.51%   3.07%   -50.7%   1.70%   -10.9%
Delinquent >30 days to total loans (excl. NPAs)   0.77%   0.27%   189.8%   0.51%   49.7%
Net Charge off's (NCOs)   2,577    62,881    -95.9%   5,731    -55.0%
Net loan charge-offs (annualized)   1.21%   23.27%   -94.8%   2.70%   -55.2%
Provision for loan losses to NCOs   0.00%   83.97%   -100.0%   0.00%   0.0%
Bank Capital Ratios (4)(5)                         
Tier 1 capital leverage ratio   10.58%   11.10%   -4.7%   10.44%   1.3%
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio   13.60%   16.45%   -17.3%   13.48%   0.9%
Total risk-based capital ratio   14.88%   17.72%   -16.0%   14.76%   0.8%
Bancorp Capital Ratios (4)                         
Tier 1 capital leverage ratio   10.60%   9.74%   8.8%   10.47%   1.2%
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio   13.64%   14.75%   -7.5%   13.53%   0.8%
Total risk-based capital ratio   14.92%   16.02%   -6.9%   14.81%   0.7%

 

Notes:

 

(1) Excludes core deposit intangible and other identifiable intangible assets, related to the acquisition of F&M Holding Company.
(2) Efficiency ratio is noninterest expense divided by (net interest income + noninterest income).
(3) Nonperforming assets consist of loans contractually past due 90 days or more, nonaccrual loans and other real estate owned.
(4) Computed in accordance with FRB and FDIC guidelines.
(5) The Bank Capital Ratios for 3rd Qtr 2011 have been adjusted to correct an error in the computation of the Bank's regulatory capital, which is discussed in Note 16 to the condensed financial statements included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012.

 

36
 

 

Financial Highlights and Summary of the Third Quarter of 2012

 

·Third Quarter Net Income: $1.8 million or $0.04 per share
·Credit Quality: Reserve for loan losses at $35.6 million or 4.13% of loans. No loan loss provision was made in the third quarter of 2012.
·Credit Quality: Net charge-offs for the quarter were $2.6 million, or 1.21% of loans (annualized), down from $5.7 million for the second quarter of 2012. Charge offs for the third quarter of 2011 were $62.9 million of which approximately $54.1 million was a result of the Bulk Sale discussed in Note 2 to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report.
·Credit Quality: Non-performing assets were 1.51% of total assets at September 30, 2012, compared to 1.70% at June 30, 2012 and 3.07% at September 30, 2011.
·Loans: Gross loans were up $17.2 million during the third quarter of 2012 as a result of efforts to revitalize lending activities and reduced runoff and paydowns on existing loans. Gross loan balances are down $34.9 million from December 31, 2011 as a result of loan payoffs and paydowns in the first six months of 2012.
·Deposits: Total deposits were up $16.6 million during the third quarter of 2012, mainly a result of seasonally higher non-interest bearing deposits. Year over year deposits are lower by $77.6 million due primarily to reduced public fund deposits and a runoff of price sensitive CDs in the first six months of 2012.
·Net Interest Margin (“NIM”): NIM was 4.07% at September 30, 2012 compared to 4.18% at June 30, 2012 and 4.04% at December 31, 2011.

 

The Company recorded net income of $0.04 per share or $1.8 million in the third quarter of 2012. This compares to the second quarter 2012 net income of $0.04 per share or $1.8 million. The September 2011 Bulk Sale of approximately $110.0 million (carrying amount) of certain non-performing, substandard and related performing loans, and OREO (discussed in Note 2 to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report) resulted in a net loss of ($1.16) per share or ($54.4) million in the third quarter of 2011.

 

For the third quarter of 2012, net interest income was $12.3 million compared to $12.5 million for the second quarter of 2012. This 1.7% decrease was mainly a result of the lower average loan volumes which caused interest income to decline by $336 thousand as compared to the second quarter of 2012. Interest expense was reduced by $119 thousand in the third quarter of 2012 as compared to the preceding quarter of 2012 partially offsetting lower interest income.

 

Non-interest income and non-interest expense from the third quarter of 2012 decreased by $206 thousand and $466 thousand, respectively, from the second quarter 2012 levels. Non-interest income in the third quarter of this year decreased compared to the second quarter of 2012 primarily due to a valuation allowance of $139 thousand applied against the fair value of Mortgage Servicing Rights (“MSRs”). The decrease in non-interest expense in the third quarter of 2012 as compared to the second quarter of 2012 was due to higher non-recurring expenses in the prior quarter of 2012 including increased salaries and benefits, including healthcare costs, incentive compensation and director compensation in the form of vested stock grants. The current quarter also benefited from reversals of previously accrued professional fees of $248 thousand in the third quarter of 2012.

 

At September 30, 2012, gross loans were up $17.2 million as compared to the second quarter of 2012 as a result of efforts to revitalize lending activities as well as reduced runoff and paydowns on existing loans. Management has implemented incentive and targeted marketing programs to refocus lending and branch staff toward production. Loan balance declines in the first two quarters of 2012 and were due to customer payoffs and paydowns resulting from debt deleveraging associated with the sluggish economy and a highly competitive market for quality loans. Loans declined by $69.0 million, primarily due to the Bulk Sale discussed above and in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

37
 

 

At September 30, 2012 total deposits were $1.1 billion, an increase of $16.6 million from the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of $16.3 million from December 31, 2011, and down $77.6 million from the third quarter a year ago. The increase in deposits during the third quarter of 2012 was caused by seasonal factors including customers having additional cash during the summer months, that increased demand account deposits. The reduction in total deposits since December 31, 2011 was primarily a result of movement of municipal deposits to the Oregon State sponsored municipal funds pool which carries an advantageous rate of return for public entities. Also, time deposits have declined due to runoff of higher priced CDs. On a year over year basis, the decline in deposits resulted primarily from lower internet deposits, the movement of municipal deposits described above and customer net deposit migration. Internet deposits decreased $31.3 million year-over-year owing to the Bank’s planned call and prepayment of internet deposits during 2011 including approximately $28.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2011. At September 30, 2012, the Bank had no wholesale or internet sourced deposits. Total non-interest bearing deposits have increased $41.4 million over December 31, 2011 and at September 30, 2012 represent approximately 39% of the Bank’s total deposits compared to 34% at year end. Currently the Bank’s non-interest bearing deposits are fully insured by the FDIC’s Transaction Account Guarantee (TAG) Program regardless of the balance in the account. The TAG program is scheduled to expire at December 31, 2012; upon expiration non-interest bearing deposits will be insured up to a maximum of $250 thousand per account. After this change, we may see shifts in the categories of accounts held by customers.

 

At September 30, 2012, the Bank’s Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based capital and total risk-based capital ratios were 10.58%, 13.60% and 14.88, respectively. Regulatory minimums for a “well-capitalized” bank are 5%, 6%, and 10% for Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based capital and total risk-based capital, respectively, although the Bank must maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10% in order to be deemed “well-capitalized” under the Order. Bancorp’s Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based and total risk-based capital ratios were 10.60%, 13.64% and 14.92%, respectively, as of September 30, 2012.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – Nine and Three Months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

Income Statement

 

Net Income

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company recorded net income of $0.10 per share or $4.6 million. Year-to-date results include a loan loss provision of $1.1 million, which was made in the first quarter of 2012. Primarily due to the Bulk Sale loss discussed above and in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report, for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2011, the Company recorded net loss before extraordinary gain of $(1.27) per share or $(54.2) million and net loss of $(0.50) per share or $(21.4) million after an extraordinary gain on the extinguishment of junior subordinated debentures of $32.8 million, net of tax, which is also discussed in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report.

 

Net income for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 was $0.04 per share or $1.8 million, compared to a loss of $(1.16) per share or $(54.4) million for the third quarter of 2011 resulting primarily from the Bulk Sale. Net income for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 includes no provision made for income taxes compared to a $7.5 million credit for the same quarter of 2011. The credit to income tax expense in the quarter ended September 30, 2011 was a result of the Bulk Sale’s effects on our deferred tax asset. Current period tax is estimated based upon management’s current projections of estimated full-year pre-tax results of operations, estimated utilization of deferred tax assets on which a full valuation allowance was previously recorded, and other permanent book/tax differences.

 

Net Interest Income

 

Net interest income was $12.3 million for the third quarter of 2012, compared to $13.5 million in the third quarter a year ago. Net interest income was $37.9 million and $42.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decline in net interest income for three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same periods a year ago is primarily a result of lower interest income due to the decline in loan balances over the periods.

 

Interest income in the third quarter of 2012 decreased $2.7 million compared to the third quarter of 2011. The decrease in the third quarter of 2012 and year over year is mainly due to lower average earning loan balances. Partially offsetting this decline in interest income was an increase in volume of lower yielding securities as a percent of total earning assets, and lower interest reversed on non-performing loans in the same period a year ago.

 

38
 

 

Interest expense for the third quarter of this year decreased $1.5 million or 55.9% compared to the third quarter of 2011. Interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was down $5.7 million compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011. Reduced funding costs are primarily due to the repayment of internet deposits described above and lower average borrowings in 2012. Total borrowings remained unchanged since September 30, 2011. Total deposits at September 30, 2012 decreased $16.3 million from December 31, 2011, due primarily to a reduction of interest bearing liabilities of $37.1 million and a $25.4 million decrease in time deposits. The reduction of these accounts were caused by an expected migration of municipal deposits to the Oregon State sponsored municipal funds pool which carries above market rate returns at this point in the rate cycle. The reduction was also offset by a $41.4 million increase in non-interest bearing accounts. At December 31, 2011 and September 30, 2012, there were no internet deposits on the Bank’s balance sheet.

 

Components of Net Interest Margin

 

The following tables set forth for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 information with regard to average balances of assets and liabilities, as well as total dollar amounts of interest income from interest-earning assets and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, resultant average yields or rates, net interest income, net interest spread and net interest margin for the Company (dollars in thousands):

 

   THREE MONTHS ENDED 
(dollars in thousands)  September 30, 2012   September 30, 2011 
       Interest   Average       Interest   Average 
   Average   Income/   Yield or   Average   Income/   Yield or 
   Balance   Expense   Rates   Balance   Expense   Rates 
Assets                              
Taxable securities  $279,221   $1,523    2.17%  $128,233   $1,199    3.71%
Non-taxable securities   1,023    10    3.89%   1,335    13    3.86%
Interest bearing balances due from other banks   64,705    36    0.22%   236,556    126    0.21%
Federal funds sold   23    -    0.00%   2,651    2    0.30%
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   10,464    -    0.00%   10,472    -    0.00%
Loans (1)(2)(3)   846,382    11,893    5.59%   1,072,041    14,834    5.49%
Total earning assets/interest income   1,201,818    13,462    4.46%   1,451,288    16,174    4.42%
Reserve for loan losses   (37,190)             (37,330)          
Cash and due from banks   29,598              31,578           
Premises and equipment, net   33,653              34,451           
Bank-owned life insurance   35,294              34,171           
Accrued interest and other assets   21,652              52,803           
Total assets  $1,284,825             $1,566,961           
                               
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity                              
Interest bearing demand deposits  $479,681    224    0.19%  $479,703    516    0.43%
Savings deposits   37,913    5    0.05%   34,070    13    0.15%
Time deposits   139,236    462    1.32%   226,957    1,066    1.86%
Other borrowings   60,000    480    3.18%   163,696    1,059    2.57%
Total interest bearing liabilities/interest expense   716,830    1,171    0.65%   904,426    2,654    1.16%
Demand deposits   405,283              418,697           
Other liabilities   24,693              29,898           
Total liabilities   1,146,806              1,353,021           
Stockholders' equity   138,019              213,940           
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $1,284,825             $1,566,961           
                               
Net interest income       $12,291             $13,520      
                               
Net interest spread             3.81%             3.26%
                               
Net interest income to earning assets             4.07%             3.70%

 

 

 

 

(1)Average non-performing loans included in the computation of average loans for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $10.3 million and $43.3 million, respectively.
(2)Loan related fees, including prepayment penalties, recognized during the period and included in the yield calculation totaled approximately $0.4 million in 2012 and $0.5 million in 2011.
(3)Includes mortgage loans held for sale.

 

39
 

 

   NINE MONTHS ENDED 
(dollars in thousands)  September 30, 2012   September 30, 2011 
       Interest   Average       Interest   Average 
   Average   Income/   Yield or   Average   Income/   Yield or 
   Balance   Expense   Rates   Balance   Expense   Rates 
Assets                              
Taxable securities  $249,276   $4,428    2.37%  $123,636   $3,640    3.94%
Non-taxable securities   1,183    34    3.84%   1,576    46    3.90%
Interest bearing balances due from other banks   87,606    163    0.25%   223,237    396    0.24%
Federal funds sold   23    -    0.00%   2,710    2    0.10%
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   10,469    -    0.00%   10,472    -    0.00%
Loans (1)(2)(3)   861,368    37,231    5.77%   1,136,883    48,102    5.66%
Total earning assets/interest income   1,209,925    41,856    4.62%   1,498,514    52,186    4.66%
Reserve for loan losses   (40,839)             (41,429)          
Cash and due from banks   30,277              31,019           
Premises and equipment, net   33,853              34,756           
Bank-ow ned life insurance   35,043              33,863           
Accrued interest and other assets   25,558              54,883           
Total assets  $1,293,817             $1,611,606           
                               
                               
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity                              
Interest bearing demand deposits  $502,744    872    0.23%  $472,485   $1,648    0.47%
Savings deposits   36,401    18    0.07%   33,219    47    0.19%
Time deposits   148,409    1,612    1.45%   295,055    4,456    2.02%
Other borrow ings   60,000    1,429    3.18%   189,639    3,515    2.48%
Total interest bearing liabilities/interest expense   747,554    3,931    0.70%   990,398    9,666    1.30%
Demand deposits   386,021              398,773           
Other liabilities   24,246              29,508           
Total liabilities   1,157,821              1,418,679           
Stockholders' equity   135,996              192,927           
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $1,293,817             $1,611,606           
                               
Net interest income       $37,925             $42,520      
                               
Net interest spread             3.92%             3.35%
                               
Net interest income to earning assets             4.19%             3.79%

 

 

 

(1)Average non-performing loans included in the computation of average loans for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $9.5 million and $61.1 million, respectively.
(2)Loan related fees, including prepayment penalties, recognized during the period and included in the yield calculation totaled approximately $1.4 million in 2012 and $0.9 million in 2011.
(3)Includes mortgage loans held for sale.

 

Analysis of Changes in Interest Income and Expense

 

The following table shows the dollar amount of increase (decrease) in the Company’s consolidated interest income and expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, and attributes such variance to “volume” or “rate” changes. Variances that were immaterial have been allocated equally between rate and volume categories (dollars in thousands):

 

40
 

 

   Quarter ended September 30, 
   2012 over 2011 
   Total   Amount of Change 
   Increase   Attributed to 
   (Decrease)   Volume   Rate 
Interest income:               
Interest and fees on loans  $(2,941)  $(3,154)  $213 
Taxable interest on investments   234    1,313    (1,079)
Other investment income   (5)   (5)   - 
Total interest income   (2,712)   (1,846)   (866)
                
Interest expense:               
Interest on deposits:               
Interest bearing demand   (292)   (1)   (291)
Savings   (8)   1    (9)
Time deposits   (604)   (414)   (190)
Other borrowings   (579)   (672)   93 
Total interest expense   (1,483)   (1,086)   (397)
                
Net interest income  $(1,229)  $(760)  $(469)

 

   Nine months ended, September 30, 
   2012 over 2011 
   Total   Amount of Change 
   Increase   Attributed to 
   (Decrease)   Volume   Rate 
Interest income:               
Interest and fees on loans  $(10,871)  $(11,371)  $500 
Taxable interest on investments   555    2,488    (1,933)
Other investment income   (14)   (14)   (0)
Total interest income   (10,330)   (8,897)   (1,433)
                
Interest expense:               
Interest on deposits:               
Interest bearing demand   (777)   (190)   (587)
Savings   (29)   (7)   (22)
Time deposits   (2,843)   (2,424)   (419)
Other borrowings   (2,086)   (2,296)   210 
Total interest expense   (5,735)   (4,917)   (818)
                
Net interest income  $(4,595)  $(3,980)  $(615)

 

Loan Loss Provision

 

The Company did not record a loan loss provision in the third quarter of 2012. A loan loss provision of $52.8 million was recorded in the third quarter of 2011. The Company recorded a loan loss provision of $1.1 million and $60.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increased loan loss provision expense in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 was affected by inclusion of losses incurred in the 2011 Bulk Sale in the Company’s historical loss factors for computation of pooled reserves as well as changes in the level of expected loss on impaired loans.

 

41
 

 

No loan loss provision was made in the second and third quarters of 2012 due in part to the reduction of total loans by $26.6 million from December 31, 2011. Additionally, historical loss factors for computation of pooled reserves have improved resulting in lower estimated reserve for loan loss. At September 30, 2012, the reserve for loan losses was approximately $35.6 million or 4.13% of outstanding loans compared to $43.9 million or 4.89%of outstanding loans at December 31, 2011 and $30.7 million or 3.30% of outstanding loans for the third quarter of 2011.

 

The reserve for unfunded lending commitments was $1.5 million at September 30, 2012, which remained unchanged from December 31, 2011, and compared to $1.9 million at September 30, 2011.

 

Non-Interest Income

 

Non-interest income in the third quarter of 2012 was $3.2 million as compared to $2.8 million a year earlier. The year-over-year increase in non-interest income related to mortgage revenue resulting from increased residential mortgage origination volumes and related revenues. Non-interest income for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 increased $1.3 million from the nine months ended September 30, 2011 due to a $2.7 million increase in mortgage banking income partially offset by a decrease in service charges on deposit accounts of $1.0 million and decreased BOLI earnings of $157 thousand. The decreased service charges earned on deposit accounts is a result of lower transaction volume and regulatory changes enacted in 2011.

 

Non-Interest Expense

 

Non-interest expense for the third quarter of 2012 was $13.7 million as compared to $25.4 million in the third quarter of 2011. Non-interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was down by $14.8 million compared to the same nine-month period of 2011.

 

The $11.7 million decrease in non-interest expense for the third quarter of 2012 compared to third quarter of 2011 was due to decreases of $5.9 million in OREO due to increased valuation writedowns in the third quarter of 2011 to record properties at their fair value less costs to sell, coupled with decreased other expenses of $4.2 million related to increased costs for the Bulk Sale (discussed elsewhere in this report) and a one-time cost related to settlement of a legal matter.

The $14.8 million decline in non-interest expense in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011 was primarily caused by a decrease in both OREO expenses and other expenses by $8.1 million and $5.6 million, respectively. OREO expenses declined as a result of decreased valuation allowances on owned property as compared to same nine-month period of 2011. Other expenses incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 were elevated compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as a result of expenses, including professional expenses related to the Capital Raise occurring in the first quarter of 2011 along with a one-time legal settlement paid in September 2011.

 

Income Taxes

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company recorded a net income tax provision of approximately $50 thousand; no income tax provision was made in the third quarter of 2012. During the nine and three months ended September 30, 2011, the Company recorded a net income tax provision of approximately $10.3 million and $7.5 million, respectively. Included in this amount was an income tax provision of approximately $22.1 million related to the extraordinary gain on the extinguishment of the Debentures, which was calculated based on the Company’s estimated statutory income tax rates. The net income tax provision of $10.3 million also includes a credit for income taxes of approximately $11.8 million related to the Company’s loss from operations excluding the extraordinary gain. Income tax provision or credit is calculated based on management’s current projections of estimated full-year pre-tax results of operations, estimated utilization of deferred tax assets on which a full valuation allowance was previously recorded, and other permanent book/tax differences. Accordingly, this calculation and the prospective income tax amounts are subject to adjustment as additional facts become available and management’s estimates are revised.

 

As of September 30, 2012, the Company maintained a valuation allowance of $52.2 million against the deferred tax asset. This amount represents a $300 thousand decrease from year-end 2011 due to changes in temporary differences between the financial statement and tax recognition of revenue and expenses and a reduction of deferred tax assets due to the application of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

Management determined the amount of the deferred tax valuation allowance at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 by evaluating the nature and amount of historical and projected future taxable income, the scheduled reversal of deferred tax assets and liabilities, and available tax planning strategies. The ability to utilize deferred tax assets is a complex process requiring in-depth analysis of statutory, judicial and regulatory guidance and estimates of future taxable income. The amount of deferred taxes recognized could be impacted by changes to any of these variables.

 

42
 

 

The issuance of common stock in connection with the Company’s successful completion of its Capital Raise in the first quarter of 2011 resulted in an “ownership change” of the Company, as broadly defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. As a result of the ownership change, utilization of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards and certain built-in losses under federal income tax laws will be subject to annual limitation. The annual limitation placed on the Company’s ability to utilize these potential tax deductions will equal the product of an applicable interest rate mandated under federal income tax laws and the Company’s value immediately before the ownership change. The annual limitation imposed under Section 382 may limit the deduction for both the carryforward tax attributes and the built-in losses realized within five years of the date of the ownership change. Given the limited carryforward period assigned to these tax deductions in excess of this annual limit, some portion of these potential deductions will be lost and, consequently, the related tax benefits may not be recorded in the financial statements.

 

Financial Condition

 

Capital Resources

 

Total stockholders’ equity increased to $139.3 million at September 30, 2012, as compared to total stockholders’ equity of $132.9 million at December 31, 2011. At September 30, 2012, the total common equity to total assets ratio was 10.7% and the Company’s basic book value per share was $2.94 as compared to the total common equity to total assets ratio of 10.2% and basic book value per share of $2.81 at December 31, 2011.

 

September 30, 2012 regulatory capital ratios are as follows: Bancorp’s Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based capital and total risk-based capital ratios were 10.58%, 13.60% and 14.88%, respectively, and the Bank’s Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based capital and total risk-based capital ratios were 10.60%, 13.64% and 14.92%, respectively, which exceed regulatory benchmarks for a “well-capitalized” designation. Regulatory benchmarks for a “well-capitalized” designation are 5.00%, 6.00%, and 10.00% for Tier 1 leverage, Tier 1 risk-based capital and total risk-based capital, respectively. However, as mentioned elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, pursuant to the Order, the Bank is required to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10.00% to be considered “well-capitalized”, which the Bank met as of September 30, 2012. Pursuant to the Written Agreement, Bancorp is required to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10.00% to be considered “well-capitalized”, which Bancorp met as of September 30, 2012. Additional information regarding capital requirements can be found in Note 13 of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

From time to time the Company makes commitments to acquire banking properties or to make equipment or technology related investments of capital. At September 30, 2012, the Company had no material capital expenditure commitments apart from those incurred in the ordinary course of business.

 

Total Assets and Liabilities

 

Total assets were $1.3 billion at September 30, 2012, a decrease of $7.0 million from year-end 2011, mainly due to a $26.6 million decrease in loans, a $35.0 million decrease in cash and cash equivalents, and a $12.7 million reduction in OREO, partially offset by a $65.4 million increase in investment securities available for sale. The decline in cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2012 compared to December 31, 2011, was primarily a result of a $35.6 million decline in interest bearing deposits, much of which is cash held at the Federal Reserve Bank. This decline was due to utilization of the Bank’s cash to purchase investment securities available for sale including short term commercial paper, as well as the decline in deposits.

 

Total liabilities at September 30, 2012 decreased $13.4 million from December 31, 2011 primarily due to the decline in deposits of approximately the same amount. Overall, interest bearing demand deposits decreased $37.1 million while time deposits decreased $25.4 million. Offsetting these declines were demand deposits that increased $41.4 million due to increased customer activity. The overall net reduction in deposits was mainly a result of movement of municipal deposits to the Oregon State sponsored municipal funds pool during the second quarter of 2012. Total borrowings remained at $60.0 million at both September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

At September 30, 2012, the Company’s gross loans were approximately $862.7 million, down $34.9 million from December 31, 2011 primarily due to ongoing loan payoffs and paydowns.

 

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