10-K 1 esmc_20200630-10k.htm 10-K Document
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 
 

For the Fiscal year ended June 30, 2020
Commission File Number 0-20127

 
 

Escalon Medical Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 
 

Pennsylvania
 
33-0272839
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
435 Devon Park Drive, Suite 824, Wayne, PA 19087
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(610) 688-6830
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 
 

             Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: NONE
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: NONE
Common Stock, par value $0.001
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  o    No  x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.     Yes  o    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 



Large accelerated filer
 
o
 
Accelerated filer
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
x
 
Smaller reporting company
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  o    No  x
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on December 31, 2019 was approximately $446,137, computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on the OTCQB Market on such date.
As of September 25, 2020, the registrant had 7,415,329 shares of common stock outstanding.





 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data—omitted pursuant to item 301(c) of Regulation S-K
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk—omitted pursuant to item 305(e) of Regulation S-K
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






1


PART 1
Cautionary Factors That May Affect Future Results

Certain statements contained in, or incorporated by reference in, this report are forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “possible,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “seek,” and similar words or expressions. The Company’s forward-looking statements include certain information relating to general business strategy, growth strategies, financial results, liquidity, product development, the introduction of new products, the enhancement of existing products, the potential markets and uses for the Company’s products, the Company’s regulatory filings with the FDA, acquisitions, the development of joint venture opportunities, intellectual property and patent protection and infringement, the loss of revenue due to the expiration on termination of certain agreements, the effect of competition on the structure of the markets in which the Company competes, increased legal, accounting and Sarbanes-Oxley compliance costs, the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, defending the Company in litigation matters and the Company’s cost-saving initiatives. The reader must carefully consider forward-looking statements and understand that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by assumptions that fail to materialize as anticipated. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed, and actual results may vary materially. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors affecting the Company’s forward-looking statements, and the reader therefore should not consider the following list of risk factors to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties or potentially inaccurate assumptions.The Company cautions the reader to consider carefully these factors as well as the specific factors discussed with each specific forward-looking statement in this Form 10-K annual report and in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). In some cases, these factors have impacted, and in the future (together with other unknown factors) could impact, the Company’s ability to implement the Company’s business strategy and may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. Any expectation, estimate or projection contained in a forward-looking statement may not be achieved.The Company also cautions the reader that forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, but investors are advised to consult any further disclosures by the Company on this subject in the Company’s filings with the SEC.


ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Company Overview

     Escalon Medical Corp. ("Escalon" or "Company") is a Pennsylvania corporation initially incorporated in California in 1987, and reincorporated in Pennsylvania in November 2001. Within this document, the “Company” collectively shall mean Escalon, which includes its division called "Trek" and its wholly owned subsidiaries: Sonomed, Inc. (“Sonomed”), Escalon Digital Solutions, Inc. (“EMI”), Escalon Holdings, Inc. (“EHI”), Escalon IP Holdings, Inc., and Sonomed IP Holdings, Inc. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

The Company operates in the healthcare market, specializing in the development, manufacture, marketing and distribution of medical devices for ophthalmic applications. The Company and its products are subject to regulation and inspection by the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”). The FDA and other government authorities requires extensive testing of new products prior to sale and has jurisdiction over the safety, efficacy and manufacture of products, as well as product labeling and marketing.

A-Scans
The A-Scan provides information about the internal structure of the eye by sending a beam of ultrasound along a fixed axis through the eye and displaying the various echoes reflected from the surfaces intersected by the beam. The principal echoes occur at the cornea, both surfaces of the lens and the retina. The system displays the position and magnitudes of the echoes on an electronic display. The A-Scan also includes software for measuring distances within the eye. This information is primarily used to calculate lens power for implants.

B-Scans
The B-Scan is primarily a diagnostic tool that supplies information to physicians where the media within the eye are cloudy or opaque. Whereas physicians normally use light, which cannot pass through such media, the ultrasound beam is capable of passing through the opacity and displaying an image of the internal structures of the eye. Unlike the A-Scan, the B-Scan transducer is not in a fixed position; it swings through a 60 degree sector to provide a two-dimensional image of the eye.


2


UBM
The UBM is a high frequency/high resolution ultrasound device, designed to provide highly detailed information about the anterior segment of the eye. The UBM is used for glaucoma evaluation, tumor evaluation and differentiation, pre- and post-intraocular lens implantation and corneal refractive surgery. The device allows the surgeons to perform precise measurements within the anterior chamber of the eye.
Pachymeters
The pachymeter uses the same principles as the A-Scan, but the system is tailored to measure the thickness of the cornea. Central corneal thickness is used in the calculation of intraocular pressure. Pachymetry is also used by refractive surgeons to screen candidates and help plan surgery.

Color/Fluorescein Angiography (“CFA”) Digital Imaging Systems
The CFA (Color/Fluorescein Angiography) digital imaging system is designed specifically for ophthalmology. This diagnostic tool, ideal for use in detecting retinal problems in diabetic and elderly patients, provides a high-resolution image, far superior to conventional film in image quality, processing and capture. The instant image display provides users with the necessary clinical information that allows treatment to be performed while the patient is still in the physician’s office.

Ispan Intraocular Gases
The Company distributes two intraocular gas products C3F8 and SF6, which are used by vitreoretinal surgeons as a temporary tamponade in detached retina surgery. Under a non-exclusive distribution agreement with AirGas, Inc. (AirGas"), the Company distributes packages of AirGas gases in canisters containing up to 25 grams of gas. Along with the intraocular gases, the Company manufactures and distributes a patented disposable universal gas kit, which delivers the gas from the canister to the patient.

Surgical Packs
The Company markets disposable surgical packs used in vitreoretinal surgery, including packs which aid surgeons in the process of injecting and extracting silicone oil.

Viscous Fluid Transfer Systems
The Company markets viscous fluid transfer systems and related disposable syringe products, which aid surgeons in the process of injecting and extracting silicone oil. Adjustable pressures and vacuums provided by the equipment allow surgeons to manipulate the flow of silicone oil during surgery.

AXIS Image Management
The AXIS Image Management system easily manages ophthalmic diagnostic images via a web browser from any device regardless of modality, manufacturer or location.

Research and Development
The development of ultrasound ophthalmic equipment and AXIS Image Management system are performed at the Company’s Lake Success, New York and Stoneham, Massachusetts facility, respectively. Company-sponsored research and development expenditures from operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were approximately $1,122,000 and $740,000, respectively.

Manufacturing and Distribution
The Company leases 7,440 square feet of space in Wisconsin, for its surgical products under the Trek division. The facility is currently used for product assembly related to Trek. The Company also leases 3,452 square feet in Stoneham, Massachusetts used primarily for product design and development in the EMI business unit. The office lease in Stoneham expired in August 2020 and was not renewed. The Company subcontracts component manufacture, assembly and sterilization to various vendors. The Company’s ophthalmic surgical products are distributed from the Company’s Wisconsin facility.
The Company designs, develops and services its ultrasound ophthalmic products at its 6,728 square foot facility in Lake Success, New York. The Company has achieved ISO 13485 certification at its manufacturing facilities for all medical devices the Company produces. ISO 13485 requires an implemented quality system that applies to product design, manufacture, installation and servicing. These certifications can be obtained only after a complete audit of a company’s quality system by an independent outside auditor. These certifications require that facilities undergo periodic reexamination. The Company has obtained European Community certification (“CE”) for many of its ophthalmic ultrasound systems.

3


The manufacture, testing and marketing of each of the Company’s products entails risk of product liability. The Company carries product liability insurance to cover primary risk.

Governmental Regulations
The Company’s products are subject to stringent ongoing regulation by the FDA and similar health authorities, and if these governmental approvals or clearances of the Company’s products are restricted or revoked, the Company could face delays that would impair the Company’s ability to generate funds from operations.

The Company has received the necessary FDA and other necessary regulations clearances and approvals for all products that the Company currently markets. The FDA and comparable agencies in state and local jurisdictions and in foreign countries impose substantial requirements upon the manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical and medical device equipment and related disposables, including the obligation to adhere to the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practice regulations. Compliance with these regulations requires time-consuming detailed validation of manufacturing and quality control practices, FDA periodic inspections and other procedures. If the FDA finds any deficiencies in the validation processes, for example, the FDA may impose restrictions on marketing the specific products until such deficiencies are corrected.

The FDA and similar health authorities in foreign countries extensively regulate the Company’s activities. The Company must obtain either 510(K) clearances or pre-market approvals and new drug application approvals prior to marketing a product in the United States. Foreign regulation also requires that the Company obtain other approvals from foreign government agencies prior to the sale of products in those countries. Also, the Company may be required to obtain FDA clearance or approval before exporting a product or device that has not received FDA marketing clearance or approval.

The Company has received CE approval on several of the Company’s products that allows the Company to sell the products in the countries comprising the European Community. In addition to the CE mark, some foreign countries require separate individual foreign regulatory clearances.

Marketing and Sales
The Sonomed product line is sold through independent sales representatives, a network of distributors, and internal sales employees directly to medical institutions, throughout the world. The Trek and EMI product lines are sold through internal sales employees directly to medical institutions, primarily within the United States.

Service and Support
The Company maintains a full-service program for all products sold. The Company provides limited warranties on all products against defects and performance. Product repairs are made at the Wisconsin facility for surgical devices, New York facility for Sonomed products and EMI devices in Stoneham facility. Service support for Digital licensing is provided remotely.

Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
The pharmaceutical and medical device communities place considerable importance on obtaining patent and trade secret protection for new technologies, products and processes for the purpose of strengthening the Company’s position in the market place and protecting the Company’s economic interests. The Company’s policy is to protect its technology by aggressively obtaining patent protection for substantially all of its developments and products, both in the United States and in selected countries outside the United States. It is the Company’s policy to file for patent protection in those foreign countries in which the Company believes such protection is necessary to protect its economic interests. The duration of the Company’s patents, trademarks and licenses vary through 2028. The Company has 2 United States patents that cover the Company’s technology. The Company believes that the impact of the patents is minimal in that our current products and revenue are driven less by our patents and more by our knowledge and trade secrets.

The Company intends to vigorously defend its patents if the need arises.

Competition
There are numerous direct and indirect competitors of the Company in the United States and abroad. These competitors include ophthalmic-oriented companies that market a broad portfolio of products, including companies that market prescription devices and pharmaceuticals exclusively for ophthalmic indications and integrated companies that market products for ophthalmic and other indications.

Several large companies dominate the ophthalmic market, with the balance of the industry being highly fragmented and comprised of smaller companies ranging from start-up entities to established market players. The ophthalmic market in general

4


is intensely competitive, with each company eager to expand its market share. The Company’s strategy is to compete primarily on the basis of technological innovation to which it has proprietary rights. The Company believes, therefore, that its business will depend in large part on protecting its intellectual property through maintaining trade secrets, patents, and other governmental regulations.

Sonomed’s principal competitors are Quantel, Inc., Accutome, Inc, and Ellex Medical Lasers Ltd. Sonomed has had a leading presence in the ophthalmic ultrasound industry for over 30 years. Management believes that this has helped Sonomed build a reputation as a long-standing operation that provides a quality product, which has enabled the Company to establish effective distribution coverage throughout the world. Various competitors offering similar products at a lower price could threaten Sonomed’s market position. The development of optical technologies for ophthalmic biometrics and imaging may also diminish the Company’s market position. This equipment can be used instead of ultrasound equipment in certain applications with some advantage. Such equipment, however, is more expensive.

Trek’s competitor for the ISPAN® gases is Alcon Laboratories. Trek’s competitors for its surgical packs include Alcon Laboratories and Bausch & Lomb. To remain competitive, the Company needs to maintain a low-cost operation. There are numerous other companies that can provide this manufacturing service.

EMI’s principal competitors are Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc. and Topcon Healthcare Solutions. The Company believes it establishes competitive advantage by offering technical innovation, product features, low total cost of ownership, and capable and responsive technical support.

Human Resources
As of June 30, 2020, the Company employed 38 employees. Of these employees, 23 of the Company’s employees are employed in manufacturing, 11 are employed in general and administrative positions, 3 are employed in sales and marketing and 1 is employed in research and development. The Company’s employees are not covered by a collective bargaining agreement, and the Company considers its relationship with its employees to be good.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
In addition to other information contained in this report on Form 10-K, the following Risk Factors should be considered carefully in evaluating our business. If any of the following risks actually occur, our financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
Due to the Company’s history of operating losses, we received a going concern opinion from our independent registered public accounting firm.

Our operations are subject to a number of factors that can affect our operating results and financial condition. Such factors include, but are not limited to: the continuous enhancement of the current products, development of new products; changes in domestic and foreign regulations; ability of manufacture successfully; competition from products manufactured and sold or being developed by other companies; the price of, and demand for, our products and our ability to raise capital to support our operations.

To date, our operations have not generated sufficient revenues to enable profitability. As of June 30, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $68.8 million, and incurred recurring losses from operations and negative cash flows from operating activities. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern.

As a result of above matters, our independent auditors have indicated in their report on our June 30, 2020 financial statements that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. A "going concern" opinion indicates that the financial statements have been prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern and do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets, or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result if we do not continue as a going concern. Therefore, you should not rely on our consolidated balance sheet as an indication of the amount of proceeds that would be available to satisfy claims of our creditors, and potentially be available for distribution to our stockholders, in the event of liquidation.

Our continued operations will ultimately depend on the ability to be profitable from our operations and the on-going support of our shareholders and creditors.
Any acquisitions, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestitures that the Company effects, if any, could result in financial results that differ from market expectations.

5


In the normal course of business, the Company engages in discussions with third parties regarding possible acquisitions, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestitures. As a result of any such transactions, of which the Company cannot assure that any will occur, the Company’s financial results may differ from the investment community’s expectations in a given quarter. In addition, acquisitions and alliances may require the Company to integrate a different company culture, management team, business infrastructure, accounting systems and financial reporting systems. The Company may not be able to effect any such acquisitions or alliances. The Company may have difficulty developing, manufacturing and marketing the products of a newly acquired business in a way that enhances the performance of the Company’s combined businesses or product lines to realize the value from any expected synergies. Depending on the size and complexity of an acquisition, the Company’s successful integration of the entity depends on a variety of factors, including the retention of key employees and the management of facilities and employees in separate geographical areas. These efforts require varying levels of management resources, which may divert the Company’s attention from other business operations. Also, the Company’s results may be adversely impacted because of acquisition-related costs, amortization costs for certain intangible assets and impairment losses related to goodwill in connection with such transactions. Finally, acquisitions or alliances by the Company may not occur, which could impair the Company’s growth.
The Company’s results fluctuate from quarter to quarter.
The Company has experienced quarterly fluctuations in operating results and anticipates continued fluctuations in the future. A number of factors contribute to these fluctuations:

The timing and expense of new product introductions by the Company or its competitors, although the Company might not successfully develop new products and any such new products may not gain market acceptance;
The cancellation or delays in the purchase of the Company’s products;
Fluctuations in customer demand for the Company’s products;
Changes in domestic and foreign regulations;
The gain or loss of significant customers;
Changes in the mix of products sold by the Company;
Competitive pressures on prices at which the Company can sell its products;
Announcements of new strategic relationships by the Company or its competitors;
Litigation costs and settlements; and
General economic conditions and other external factors such as energy costs.
The Company sets its spending levels in advance of each quarter based, in part, on the Company’s expectations of product orders and shipments during that quarter. A shortfall in revenue, therefore, in any particular quarter as compared to the Company’s plan could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and cash flows. Also, the Company’s quarterly results could fluctuate due to general market conditions in the healthcare industry or global economy generally, or market volatility unrelated to the Company’s business and operating results.
Failure of the market to accept the Company’s products could adversely impact the Company’s business and financial condition.
The Company’s business and financial condition will depend in part upon the market acceptance of the Company’s products. The Company’s products may not achieve or maintain market acceptance. Market acceptance depends on a number of factors including:

The price of the products;
The continued receipt of regulatory approvals for multiple indications;
The establishment and demonstration of the clinical safety and efficacy of the Company’s products; and
The advantages of the Company’s products over those marketed by the Company’s competitors.
Any failure to achieve or maintain significant market acceptance of the Company’s products will have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business.
The Company’s products are subject to stringent ongoing regulation by the FDA and similar domestic and foreign health care regulatory authorities, and if the regulatory approvals or clearances of the Company’s products are restricted or revoked, the Company could face delays that would impair the Company’s ability to generate funds from operations.

6


The FDA and similar health care regulatory authorities in foreign countries extensively regulate the Company’s activities. The Company must obtain either 510(K) clearances or pre-market approvals and new drug application approvals prior to marketing any products in the United States. Foreign regulation also requires that the Company obtain other approvals from foreign government agencies prior to the sale of products in those countries. Also, the Company may be required to obtain FDA approval before exporting a product or device that has not received FDA marketing clearance or approval.
The Company has received the necessary FDA approvals for all products that the Company currently markets in the United States. Any restrictions on or revocation of the FDA approvals and clearances that the Company has obtained, however, would prevent the continued marketing of the impacted products and other devices. The restrictions or revocations could result from the discovery of previously unknown problems with the product. Consequently, FDA revocation would impair the Company’s ability to generate funds from operations.
The FDA and comparable agencies in state and local jurisdictions and in foreign countries impose substantial requirements upon the manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical and medical device equipment and related disposables, including the obligation to adhere to the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practice regulations. Compliance with these regulations requires time-consuming detailed validation of manufacturing and quality control processes, FDA periodic inspections and other procedures. If the FDA finds any deficiencies in the validation processes, for example, the FDA may impose restrictions on marketing the specific products until such deficiencies are corrected.
The Company has received CE approval on several of the Company’s products that allows the Company to sell the products in the countries comprising the European Community. In addition to the CE mark, however, some foreign countries may require separate individual foreign regulatory clearances. The Company may not be able to obtain regulatory clearances for other products in the United States or foreign markets.
The process for obtaining regulatory clearances and approvals underlying clinical studies for any new products or devices and for multiple indications for existing products is lengthy and will require substantial commitments of Company’s financial resources and Company’s management’s time and effort. Any delay in obtaining clearances or approvals or any changes in existing regulatory requirements would materially adversely impact the Company’s business.
The Company’s failure to comply with the applicable regulations would subject the Company to fines, delays or suspensions of approvals or clearances, seizures or recalls of products, operating restrictions, injunctions or civil or criminal penalties, which would adversely impact the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
The success of products with which the Company’s products compete could have an adverse impact on the Company’s business.
The Company faces intense competition in the medical device and pharmaceutical markets, which are characterized by rapidly changing technology, short product life cycles, cyclical oversupply and rapid price erosion. Many of the Company’s competitors have substantially greater financial, technical, marketing, distribution and other resources. The Company’s strategy is to compete primarily on the basis of technological innovation, reliability, quality and price of the Company’s products. Without timely introductions of new products and enhancements, the Company’s products will become technologically obsolete over time, in which case the Company’s revenues and operating results would suffer. The success of the Company’s new product offerings will depend on several factors, including the Company’s ability to:

Properly identify customer needs;
Innovate and develop new technologies, services and applications;
Establish adequate product distribution coverage;
Obtain and maintain required regulatory approvals from the FDA and other regulatory agencies;
Protect the Company’s intellectual property;
Successfully commercialize new technologies in a timely manner;
Manufacture and deliver the Company’s products in sufficient volumes on time;
Differentiate the Company’s offerings from the offerings of the Company’s competitors;
Price the Company’s products competitively;
Anticipate competitors’ announcements of new products, services or technological innovations; and
Anticipate general market and economic conditions.
The Company may not be able to compete effectively in the competitive environments in which the Company operates.


7


The Company’s products employ proprietary technology, and this technology may infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties.
The Company holds several United States and foreign patents for the Company’s products. Other parties, however, hold patents relating to similar products and technologies. If patents held by others were adjudged valid and interpreted broadly in an adversarial proceeding, the court or agency could deem them to cover one or more aspects of the Company’s products or procedures. Any claims for patent infringements or claims by the Company for patent enforcement would consume time, result in costly litigation, divert technical and management personnel or require the Company to develop non-infringing technology or enter into royalty or licensing agreements. The Company may become subject to one or more claims for patent infringement. The Company may not prevail in any such action, and the Company’s patents may not afford protection against competitors with similar technology.
If a court determines that any of the Company’s products infringes, directly or indirectly, on a patent in a particular market, the court may enjoin the Company from making, using or selling the product. Furthermore, the Company may be required to pay damages or obtain a royalty-bearing license, if available, on acceptable terms.
Lack of availability of key system components could result in delays, increased costs or costly redesign of the Company’s products.
Although some of the parts and components used to manufacture the Company’s products are available from multiple sources, the Company currently purchases most of the Company’s components and outsourced finished goods from single sources in an effort to obtain volume discounts. Lack of availability of any of these parts, components and finished goods could result in production delays, increased costs or costly redesign of the Company’s products. Any loss of availability of an essential component or finished good could result in a material adverse change to the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Some of the Company’s suppliers are subject to the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practice regulations. Failure of these suppliers to comply with those regulations could result in the delay or limitation of the supply of parts or components to the Company, which would adversely impact the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
The Company’s ability to market or sell the Company’s products may be adversely impacted by limitations on reimbursements by government programs, private insurance plans and other third party payers.
The Company’s customers bill various third party payers, including government programs and private insurance plans, for the health care services provided to their patients. Third party payers may reimburse the customer, usually at a fixed rate based on the procedure performed, or may deny reimbursement if they determine that the use of the Company’s products was elective, unnecessary, inappropriate, not cost-effective, experimental or used for a non-approved indication. Third party payers may deny reimbursement notwithstanding FDA approval or clearance of a product and may challenge the prices charged for the medical products and services. The Company’s ability to sell the Company’s products on a profitable basis may be adversely impacted by denials of reimbursement or limitations on reimbursement, compared with reimbursement available for competitive products and procedures. New legislation that further reduces reimbursements under the capital cost pass-through system utilized in connection with the Medicare program could also adversely impact the marketing of the Company’s products.

The Company may become involved in product liability litigation, which may subject the Company to liability and divert management attention.
The testing and marketing of the Company’s products entails an inherent risk of product liability, resulting in claims based upon injuries or alleged injuries or a failure to diagnose associated with a product defect. Some of these injuries may not become evident for a number of years. Although the Company is not currently involved in any product liability litigation, the Company may be party to litigation in the future as a result of an alleged claim. Litigation, regardless of the merits of the claim or outcome, could consume a great deal of the Company’s time and attention away from the Company’s core businesses. The Company maintains limited product liability insurance coverage of $1,000,000 per occurrence and $2,000,000 in the aggregate, with umbrella policy coverage of $5,000,000 in excess of such amounts. A successful product liability claim in excess of any insurance coverage may adversely impact the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. The Company’s product liability insurance coverage may not continue to be available to the Company in the future on reasonable terms or at all.
The Company’s international operations could be adversely impacted by changes in laws or policies of foreign governmental agencies and social and economic conditions in the countries in which the Company operates.

8


The Company derives a portion of its revenue from sales outside the United States. Changes in the laws or policies of governmental agencies, as well as social and economic conditions, in the countries in which the Company operates could impact the Company’s business in these countries and the Company’s results of operations. Also, economic factors, including inflation and fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, and competitive factors such as price competition, business combinations of competitors or a decline in industry sales from continued economic weakness, both in the United States and other countries in which the Company conducts business, could adversely impact the Company’s results of operations.
The Company is dependent on its management and key personnel to succeed.
The Company’s principal executive officers and technical personnel have extensive experience with the Company’s products, the Company’s research and development efforts, the development of marketing and sales programs and the necessary support services to be provided to the Company’s customers. Also, the Company competes with other companies, universities, research entities and other organizations to attract and retain qualified personnel. The loss of the services of any of the Company’s executive officers or other technical personnel, or the Company’s failure to attract and retain other skilled and experienced personnel, could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s ability to maintain or expand businesses.

The Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Richard DePiano Jr. is the Company’s controlling shareholder and has sufficient voting power to determine the outcome of all matters submitted to the Company’s shareholders for approval.
In February 2018, the Company entered into a Debt Exchange Agreement (the "Exchange Agreement") with Mr. DePiano Sr. and DP Associates Inc. Profit-Sharing Plan of which Mr. DePiano is the sole owner and sole trustee (the "Holders"). Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, the Holders exchanged a total of $645,000 principal amount of debt the Company owed the Holders under factoring agreements and notes (the "Notes") the Company entered into with the Holders in February and March of 2016 for 2,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the "Preferred Stock"). Each share the Preferred Stock entitles the Holder thereof to 13 votes per share and will vote together with all other classes and series of stock of the Company as a single class on all actions to be taken by the Company’s stockholders. As a result of this voting power, the Holders currently beneficially own approximately 77.81% of the voting power on all actions to be taken by the Company’s shareholders. If the Holders were to convert their shares of Preferred Stock into common stock at the current conversion ratio, the Holders would receive a total of 4,300,000 shares of Common Stock, or approximately 36.70% of the currently outstanding shares of Common Stock assuming such conversion.
The Holders, therefore, control the election of all of the members of the Company’s board of directors and control the outcome of any corporate transaction or other matter submitted to a vote of the Company’s shareholders for approval, including mergers or other acquisition proposals and the sale of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets, in each case regardless of how all of the Company’s shareholders other than the Holders vote their shares. The interests of the Holders in maintaining this voting control of the Company may have an adverse effect on the price of the Company’s common stock because of the absence of any potential “takeover” premium and may, therefore, be inconsistent with the interest of the Company’s shareholders other than the Holders. The voting control by the Holders could also discourage a third party from attempting to acquire control of the Company and may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of the Company. Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019 and left a will by which he appointed Richard J. DePiano, Jr., the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, as executor. Richard DePiano Jr. was elected to serve as chairman of the Company's board. Mr. DePiano, Jr. qualified as executor and has control over the listed shares in his capacity as executor of Mr. DePiano Sr.'s estate.
The market price of the Company’s stock has historically been volatile, and the Company has not paid cash dividends.
The volatility of the Company’s common stock imposes a greater risk of capital losses on shareholders as compared to less volatile stocks. In addition, such volatility makes it difficult to ascribe a stable valuation to a shareholder’s holdings of the Company’s common stock. The following factors have and may continue to have a significant impact on the market price of the Company’s common stock:

Acquisitions, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestitures that the Company effects, if any;
Announcements of technological innovations;
Changes in marketing, product pricing and sales strategies or new products by the Company’s competitors;
Changes in domestic or foreign governmental regulations or regulatory requirements; and

9


Developments or disputes relating to patent or proprietary rights and public concern as to the safety and efficacy of the procedures for which the Company’s products are used.
Moreover, the possibility exists that the stock market, and in particular the securities of technology companies such as the Company, could experience extreme price and volume fluctuations unrelated to operating performance.
The Company has not paid cash dividends on its common stock and does not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
If the Company raises funds in the future, the Company may be required to raise those funds through public or private financings, strategic relationships or other arrangements at prices and other terms that may not be favorable. The sale of additional equity and debt securities may result in additional dilution to the Company’s shareholders. Additional financing may not be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to the Company or at all.
The impact of terrorism or acts of war could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business.
Terrorist acts or acts of war, whether in the United States or abroad, could cause damage or disruption to the Company’s operations, its suppliers, channels to market or customers, or could cause costs to increase, or create political or economic instability, any of which could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business.
The Company’s charter documents and Pennsylvania law may inhibit a takeover.
Certain provisions of Pennsylvania law and the Company’s Bylaws could delay or impede the removal of incumbent directors and could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or discourage a third party from attempting to acquire, control of the Company. These provisions could limit the share price that certain investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company’s Board of Directors is divided into three classes, with directors in each class elected for three-year terms. The Bylaws impose various procedural and other requirements that could make it more difficult for shareholders to effect certain corporate actions. The Company’s Board of Directors may issue shares of preferred stock without shareholder approval on such terms and conditions, and having such rights, privileges and preferences, as the Board may determine. The rights of the holders of common stock will be subject to, and may be adversely impacted by, the rights of the holders of any preferred stock that may be issued in the future.
There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with United States GAAP. Any changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions used could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial position and operating results.
The consolidated financial statements included in the periodic reports the Company files with the SEC are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP involves making estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets (including intangible assets), liabilities and inventories, revenues, expenses and income. This includes estimates, judgments and assumptions for assessing the recoverability of the Company’s other intangible assets, pursuant to Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance. If any estimates, judgments or assumptions change in the future, the Company may be required to record additional expenses or impairment charges. Any resulting expense or impairment loss would be recorded as a charge against the Company's earnings and could have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial condition and operating results. Estimates, judgments and assumptions are inherently subject to change in the future, and any such changes could result in corresponding changes to the amounts of assets (including goodwill and other intangible assets), liabilities, revenues, expenses and income. Any such changes could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position and operating results.
On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including, among others, those relating to:
sales returns;
allowances for doubtful accounts;
inventories
intangible assets;
right-of-use assets
income and other tax accruals;
deferred tax asset valuation allowances;
sales discounts;
warranty obligations; and

10


accrued lease termination costs
contingencies and litigation.
The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The Company’s assumptions and estimates may, however, prove to have been incorrect and the Company’s actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. While the Company believes the assumptions and estimates it makes are reasonable, any changes to the Company’s assumptions or estimates, or any actual results which differ from the Company’s assumptions or estimates, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position and operating results.
Healthcare policy changes, including pending proposals to reform the U.S. healthcare system and implementation of the Affordable Healthcare Act, may have a material adverse effect on the Company.
Healthcare costs have risen significantly over the past decade. There have been and continue to be proposals by legislators, regulators and third-party payors to keep these costs down. Certain proposals, if passed, would impose limitations on the prices the Company will be able to charge for the Company’s products, or the amounts of reimbursement available for its products from governmental agencies or third-party payers. These limitations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.
Changes in the healthcare industry in the U.S. and elsewhere could adversely affect the demand for the Company’s products as well as the way in which the Company conducts the Company’s business. The 2010 Affordable Care Act provides that most individuals must have health insurance, establishes new regulations on health plans, and creates insurance pooling mechanisms and other expanded public health care measures.
The Company anticipates that the healthcare reform legislation will further reduce Medicare spending on services provided by hospitals and other providers and further forms sales or excise tax on the medical device manufacturing sector. Various healthcare reform proposals have also emerged at the federal and state level. The Company cannot predict what healthcare initiatives, if any, will be implemented at the federal or state level, or the effect any future legislation or regulation will have on the Company. However, an expansion in government’s role in the U.S. healthcare industry may lower reimbursements for the Company’s products, reduce medical procedure volumes and adversely affect the Company’s business, possibly materially.
Future legislation or changes in government programs may adversely impact the market for the Company’s products.
From time to time, the federal government and Congress have made proposals to change aspects of the delivery and financing of health care services. The Company cannot predict what form any future legislation or regulation may take or its impact on the Company’s business. Legislation that sets price limits and utilization controls adversely impact the rate of growth of the markets in which the Company participates. If any future health care legislation or regulations were to adversely impact those markets, the Company’s product marketing could also suffer, which would adversely impact the Company’s business.
Cybersecurity incidents could disrupt business operations, result in the loss of critical and confidential information and adversely impact the Company's reputation and results of operations.
 
The Company is subject to cyber security risks and may incur increasing costs in efforts to minimize those risks and to comply with regulatory standards. The Company employs information technology systems and Internet systems, including websites, which allow for the secure storage and transmission of proprietary or confidential information regarding the Company’s customers, employees and others, including credit card information and personal identification information. The Company has made significant efforts to secure its computer network to mitigate the risk of possible cyber-attacks and is continuously working to upgrade its existing information technology systems and provide employee awareness training around phishing, malware, and other cyber risks to ensure that the Company is protected, to the greatest extent possible, against cyber risks and security breaches. Despite these efforts security of the Company’s computer networks could be compromised which could impact operations and confidential information could be misappropriated, which could lead to negative publicity, loss of sales and profits or cause the Company to incur significant costs to reimburse third-parties for damages which could adversely impact profits.

COVID-19 could negatively impact the demand, interrupt the supply and operations and effect the liquidity.


11


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. This pandemic has had a significant impact on the global and domestic economy, and is likely to impact the operations of the Company. The Company has been assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business, including the impact on the financial condition and results of operations, financial resources, changes in accounting judgment as well as the impact on the supply and demand, etc. The Company is considered an essential business and has been able to maintain operations during the lockdown. The Company remains in strong communications with the customers and there is no evidence showing that COVID-19 will greatly effect collection of accounts receivable as the date of this filing. However, the Company does not know the extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on its business due to the uncertainty about the spread of the virus.

ITEM 1B. UNSOLVED SEC STAFF COMMENTS

The Company does not believe there are any unresolved SEC staff comments.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

As of June 30, 2020 the Company leased an aggregate of 21,574 square feet of space for its (i) corporate offices in Wayne, Pennsylvania, (ii) Sonomed's manufacturing facility in Lake Success, New York, (iii) Trek’s distribution facility in New Berlin, Wisconsin, and (iv)  EMI’s product design and development facility in Stoneham, Massachusetts. The Company's current corporate office lease of 2,186 square feet will expire on December 2024. The New York facility lease of 6,728 square feet will expire on December 31, 2024. The Wisconsin lease, of 7,440 square feet of space will expire in April 2022. The Massachusetts lease with a coverage of 3,452 square feet expired in August 2020 and was not renewed. Rent expense during the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was approximately $495,000 and $455,000, respectively.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company, from time to time is involved in various legal proceedings and disputes that arise in the normal course of business. These matters have previously and could pertain to intellectual property disputes, commercial contract disputes, employment disputes, and other matters. The Company does not believe that the resolution of any of these matters has had or is likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable

Part II.

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The Company’s common stock trades on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “ESMC.” Any over the counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not present actual transactions.
As of September 25, 2020 there were 1,267 holders of record of the Company’s common stock. On September 25, 2020 the closing price of the Company’s Common Stock as reported by the OTCQB Market was $0.12 per share.
The Company has never declared or paid a cash dividend on its common stock and presently intends to retain any future earnings to finance future growth and working capital needs.
The Company’s forecast of the period of time through which its financial resources will be adequate to support its operations is a forward-looking statement and involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary as a result of a number of factors, including the factors discussed in “Risk Factors” included in this Form 10-K. If the Company raises funds in the future, the Company may be required to raise those funds through public or private financings, strategic relationships or other arrangements at prices and other terms that may not be as favorable as they would without such qualification. The sale of additional equity and debt securities may result in additional dilution to the Company’s shareholders. Additional financing may not be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to the Company or at all.

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

12



The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and other financial information contained elsewhere in this Form 10-K and the discussion under “Risk Factors” included in Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Consolidated net revenue decreased approximately $227,000 or 2.4%, to $9,400,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the prior fiscal year. The decrease in net revenue is attributed to a decrease of approximately $762,000 in sales of Sonomed's ultrasound products and a decrease of approximately $245,000 in the ophthalmic fundus photography system products. The decrease is offset by an increase in sales of Trek products of $738,000 and an increase in the service plans of $42,000. COVID-19 has negatively impacted the sales of ultrasound. The back orders of Trek contributed to the increase in Trek sales.

Consolidated cost of goods sold totaled approximately $5,198,000, or 55.3%, of total revenue during the year ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $4,997,000, or 51.9%, of total revenue of the prior fiscal year. The increase of 3.4% in cost of goods sold as a percentage of total revenue is mainly due to decreased sales due to COVD-19 and change of product mix.

Consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses decreased $267,000, or 6.4%, to $3,875,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020, as compared to the prior fiscal year. The decrease is mainly due to decreased payroll expense, executive retirement expense, business tax and meeting and exhibits expense.

Consolidated research and development expenses increased $382,000 or 51.6%, to $1,122,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year. Research and development expenses were primarily expenses associated with the introduction of new or enhanced products. The increase in research and development expense is mainly due to expenses for AXIS software development work and ultrasound certification costs incurred year ended June 30, 2020.

The increase of operating loss is also due to the loss from an intangible assets impairment of $605,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the prior fiscal year.

COVID-19 disclosure
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. This pandemic has had a significant impact on the global and domestic economy, and is likely to impact the operations of the Company. The Company has been assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business, including the impact on the financial condition and results of operations, financial resources, changes in accounting judgment as well as the impact on the supply and demand, etc. The Company is considered an essential business and has been able to maintain operations during the lockdown. The Company remains in strong communications with the customer and there is no evidence showing that COVID-19 will greatly effect collection of accounts receivable as the date of this filing. However, the Company does not know the extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on its business due to the uncertainty about the spread of the virus.

Results of Operations

Years ended Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
The following table shows consolidated net revenue, as well as identifying trends in revenues for the years ended ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019

% Change
Net Revenue:
 





Products
 
$
8,438

 
$
8,707

 
(3.1
)%
Service plans
 
962

 
920

 
4.6
 %
Total
 
$
9,400

 
$
9,627

 
(2.4
)%
Consolidated net revenue decreased approximately $227,000 or 2.4%, to $9,400,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the prior fiscal year. The decrease in net revenue is attributed to a decrease of approximately $762,000

13


in sales of Sonomed's ultrasound products and a decrease of approximately $245,000 in the ophthalmic fundus photography system products. The decrease is offset by an increase in sales of Trek products of $738,000 and an increase in the service plans of $42,000. COVID-19 has negatively impacted the sales of ultrasound. The back orders of Trek contributed to the increase in Trek sales.
    
Foreign sales

The following table presents domestic and international sales from continuing operations.Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Domestic
 
$
5,781

 
61.5
%
 
$
5,587

 
58.0
%
Foreign
 
3,619

 
38.5
%
 
4,040

 
42.0
%
Total
 
$
9,400

 
100.0
%
 
$
9,627

 
100.0
%

The following table presents consolidated cost of goods sold and as a percentage of revenues for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020

% Change 

2019

%
Cost of Goods Sold:
 








 
$
5,198

 
55.3
%
 
$
4,997

 
51.9
%
Total
 
$
5,198

 
55.3
%
 
$
4,997

 
51.9
%

Consolidated cost of goods sold totaled approximately $5,198,000, or 55.3%, of total revenue during the year ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $4,997,000, or 51.9%, of total revenue of the prior fiscal year. The increase of 3.4% in cost of goods sold as a percentage of total revenue is mainly due to decreased sales due to COVD-19 and change of product mix.

The following table presents consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020

2019

% Change 
Marketing, General and Administrative:
 






 
$
3,875

 
$
4,142

 
(6.4
)%
Total
 
$
3,875

 
$
4,142

 
(6.4
)%

Consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses decreased $267,000, or 6.4%, to $3,875,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the prior fiscal year. The decrease is mainly due to decreased payroll expense, executive retirement expense, business tax and meeting and exhibits expense.
The following table presents consolidated research and development expenses for the yeras ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
Table amounts are in thousands:
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019

% Change  
Research and Development:

 

 


$
1,122

 
$
740

 
51.6
%
Total
$
1,122

 
$
740

 
51.6
%

14


Consolidated research and development expenses increased $382,000, or 51.6%, to $1,122,000 during the year ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the prior fiscal year. Research and development expenses were primarily expenses associated with the introduction of new or enhanced products. The increase in research and development expense is due to expenses for AXIS software development work and certification costs incurred in year ended June 30, 2020.
Impairment
The Company tests indefinite-life intangible assets for possible impairment on an annual basis at June 30, and at any other time events occur or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of intangible assets may be impaired. Due to the current low market capitalization of the Company's common stock, the Company performed an interim impairment test on its intangible asset as of December 31, 2019. The outcome of this impairment test resulted in non-cash charge for the full impairment of the indefinite-lived intangible assets (trade mark and trade names) of $605,000, which was recorded in the consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2020. No impairments were recorded in year ended June 30, 2019 .
Other Income (Expense)
      
As of June 30, 2019, $792,000 was accrued for Mr. DePiano, Sr.'s retirement benefits. The amount represent the approximate present value of the supplemental retirement benefits awarded using a discount rate of 4.5% as of June 30, 2019. Mr. DePiano, Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019. According to the agreement, the benefits terminate upon Mr. DePiano Sr.'s death. Therefore, the Company recognized a gain with the termination of the retirement benefit obligation of $758,000, which has been reported as other income for year ended June 30, 2020.

The Company did not have significant other income during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019. 
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our total cash on hand as of June 30, 2020 was approximately $826,000 of cash on hand and restricted cash of approximately $255,000 compared to approximately $410,000 of cash on hand and restricted cash of $253,000 as of June 30, 2019. Approximately $48,000 was available under our line of credit as of June 30, 2020.

On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a Payroll Protection Program ("PPP") loan for $500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. $221,297 of the PPP loan is classified as current.  The promissory note has a fixed payment schedule, commencing seven months following the funding of the note and consisting of seventeen monthly payments of principal and interest, with the principal component of each payment based upon the level of amortization of principal over a two year period from the funding date. The PPP loan is unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest will be payable no later than April 26, 2022. The note will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum and is deferred for the first six months of the loan. Major portions of the loan and accrued interest may qualify for loan forgiveness based on the terms of the program. No assurance is provided that the Company will in fact obtain forgiveness of the PPP loan in whole or in part.

Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL loan) is designed to provide economic relief to businesses that are currently experiencing a temporary loss of revenue due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. EIDL proceeds can be used to cover a wide array of working capital and normal operating expenses, such as continuation to health care benefits, rent, utilities, and fixed debt payments. The Company also received $150,000 EIDL loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%. The payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment of principal and interest will be $731. The EIDL loan is secured by the tangible and intangible personal property of the Company.

Because our operations have not historically generated sufficient revenues to enable profitability we will continue to monitor costs and expenses closely and may need to raise additional capital in order to fund operations.

We expect to continue to fund operations from cash on hand and through capital raising sources if possible and available, which may be dilutive to existing stockholders, through revenues from the licensing of our products, or through strategic alliances. Additionally, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities through one or more discrete transactions, or enter into a strategic alliance arrangement, but can provide no assurances that any such financing or strategic alliance arrangement will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Moreover, the incurrence of indebtedness in connection with a debt financing would result in increased fixed obligations and could contain covenants that would restrict our operations.

As of June 30, 2020 we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $68.8 million, incurred recurring losses from operations and negative cash flows from operating activities. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern, and our ability to generate cash to meet our cash requirements for the following twelve months as of the date of this form 10-K.

15


    
The following table presents overall liquidity and capital resources as of June 30, 2020 and 2019. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Current Ratio:
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$4,333
 
$4,261
Less: Current liabilities
 
2,865
 
2,260
Working capital
 
$1,468
 
$2,001
Current ratio
 
1.51 to 1
 
1.89 to 1
Debt to Total Capital Ratio:
 
 
 
 
Line of credit, note payable, lease liabilities, PPP loan and EIDL loan
 
$2,042
 
$220
Total debt
 
2,042
 
220
Total equity
 
1,512
 
2,162
Total capital
 
$3,554
 
$2,382
Total debt to total capital
 
57.5%
 
9.2%
Working Capital Position
Working capital decreased approximately $533,000 as of June 30, 2020, and the current ratio decreased to 1.51 to 1 from 1.89 to 1 when compared to June 30, 2019.
Overall total current assets increased approximately $72,000 to approximately $4,333,000 as of June 30, 2020 from $4,261,000 as of June 30, 2019. Total current liabilities, which consists of a line of credit, current portion of note payable, current portion of PPP loan, current portion of post-retirement pension benefits, related party accrued interest, current portion of operating lease liabilities, accounts payable, accrued expenses, deferred revenue and liabilities of discontinued operations, increased approximately $605,000 to $2,865,000 as of June 30, 2020 from $2,260,000 as compared to June, 2019. The increase in current liabilities is result of adoption of the ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and the PPP loan.
On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for $500,000. $221,297 of the PPP loan is classified as current.  The promissory note has a fixed payment schedule, commencing seven months following the funding of the note and consisting of seventeen monthly payments of principal and interest, with the principal component of each payment based upon the level of amortization of principal over a two year period from the funding date. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest will be payable no later than April 26, 2022. The note will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum and is deferred for the first six months of the loan. Major portions of the loan and accrued interest may qualify for loan forgiveness based on the terms of the program.The Company also received $150,000 EIDL loan from SBA. The annual interest rate is 3.75%, The payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment of principal and interest will be $731.
Debt to total capital ratio was 57.5% and 9.2% as of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively. The decrease in the working capital ratio and increase in the debt to total capital ratio is due to primarily the adoption of the ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and the additional notes payable received related to COVID-19. The Company received $500,000 of the PPP loan and $150,000 of the Economic Injury Disaster (EIDL) loan from SBA during the year ended June 30, 2020.
Cash Flow Used In Operating Activities
During year ended June 30, 2020 the Company used approximately $168,000 of cash in operating activities as compared to approximately $473,000 of cash used in operating activities during the year ended June 30, 2019.
For the year ended June 30, 2020, the Company had a net loss of approximately $650,000, which includes non cash post-retirement adjustment of $758,000, non cash lease expense of $342,000, and impairment loss of $605,000, non cash depreciation expense of $50,000 and an increase in accounts receivable allowance $12,000. Cash inflows were mainly due to a decrease in other current assets of $69,000, a decrease in inventory of $94,000, a decrease in accounts receivable of $171,000, an increase in deferred revenue of $89,000, an increase in accounts payable of $94,000, an increase in accrued expenses of $95,000 and an increase in other long-term liabilities of $9,000. The cash inflow is offset by an increase in other long term assets of $11,000, a decrease in operating lease liability of $345,000, a decrease in accrued post retirement benefits of $34,000, and a decrease in liabilities of discontinued operations of $1,000.
For the year ended June 30, 2019, the Company had a net loss of approximately $250,000. Cash outflows were mainly due to the cash outflow due to an increase in accounts receivable of $104,000, an increase in other current assets of $25,000, an

16


increase in inventory of 55,000, a decrease in accrued expenses of $105,000, a decrease in accrued post retirement benefits of $59,000, and a decrease in deferred revenue of $54,000. The cash outflow is offset by an increase in accounts payable of $138,000, and an increase in non-cash expenditure on depreciation and amortization of approximately $50,000. The cash outflow is mainly due to decreased sales and continued investment in research and development for AXIS software development.
Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities
Cash flows used in investing activities for the year ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were due to purchase of equipment of $60,000 and $22,000 respectively.
Any necessary capital expenditures have generally been funded out of cash from operations, and the Company is not aware of any factors that would cause historical capital expenditure levels to not be indicative of capital expenditures in the future and, accordingly, does not believe that the Company will have to commit material resources to capital investment for the foreseeable future.
Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities
For the year ended June 30, 2020 the cash provided by the financing activities of $647,000 was due to $500,000 of PPP loan, $150,000 of EIDL loan and cash used in financing activities of $3,000 was due to auto loan payment.
For the year ended June 30, 2019 the cash provided by financing activities of $34,000 was due to the increase in the line of credit in amount of $37,000 as a result of the Company refinancing the line of credit with TD Bank in July 2019 offset by auto loan payment of $3,000.
Debt Financing

On June 29, 2018 the Company entered a business loan agreement with TD bank receiving a line of credit evidenced by a promissory note of $250,000. The interest is subject to change based on changes in an independent index which the Wall Street Journal Prime. The index rate at the date of the agreement is 5.000% per annum. Interest on the unpaid principal balance of the note will be calculated using a rate of 0.740 percentage points over the index, adjusted if necessary for any minimum and maximum rate limitations, resulting in an initial rate of 5.740% per annum based on a year of 360 days. The interest rate was 5% as of June 30, 2020. The Company is required to hold $250,000 in a TD bank savings account as collateral.
    
As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the line of credit balance was $201,575 with TD bank. The line of credit interest expense was $11,000 and $17,000 for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

COVID-19 Relief Loans and Liabilities

Payroll Protection Program ("PPP")

On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for $500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. $221,297 of the PPP loan is classified as current.  The promissory note has a fixed payment schedule, commencing seven months following the funding of the note and consisting of seventeen monthly payments of principal and interest, with the principal component of each payment based upon the level of amortization of principal over a two year period from the funding date. The PPP loan is unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest will be payable no later than April 26, 2022. The note will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum and is deferred for the first six months of the loan. Major portions of the loan and accrued interest may qualify for loan forgiveness based on the terms of the program. No assurance is provided that the Company will in fact obtain forgiveness of the PPP loan in whole or in part.

Economic Injury Disaster Loan ("EIDL")

EIDL is designed to provide economic relief to businesses that are currently experiencing a temporary loss of revenue due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic . EIDL proceeds can be used to cover a wide array of working capital and normal operating expenses, such as continuation to health care benefits, rent, utilities, and fixed debt payments. The Company received $150,000 EIDL loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%, the payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment will be $731. The EIDL loan is secured by the tangible and intangible personal property of the Company. The EIDL loan is included in the non current portion of other notes payable.

Employer Payroll Tax Withholdings

The CARES Act allows employers to defer the deposit and payment of the employer share of Social Security tax that would otherwise be due on or after March 27, 2020, and before January 1, 2021. The Company has deferred approximately $9,000 of the social security tax as of June 30, 2020. The employer payroll tax withholding deferral is included in other long-term liabilities.

17


Preferred stock

On February 14, 2018, the Company entered into a Debt Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Mr. DePiano, Sr, the Company's former Chairman and DP Associates Inc. Profit-Sharing Plan of which Mr. DePiano, Sr. is the sole owner and sole trustee (the “Holders”).  Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, effective February 15, 2018, the Holders exchanged a total of $645,000 principal amount of debt related to the accounts receivable factoring program the Company owes the Holders for 2,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”). As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 the cumulative dividends payable is $122,709 ($0.0614 per share) and $70,968 ($0.0355 per share), respectively.

Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019 and left a will by which he appointed Richard J. DePiano, Jr., the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, as executor. Richard DePiano Jr. was elected to serve as chairman of the Company's board. Mr. DePiano, Jr. qualified as executor and has control over the listed shares in his capacity as executor of Mr. DePiano Sr.'s estate.
Common Stock
The Company’s common stock has been quoted on the OTCQB Market since November 18, 2016. The OTCQB Venture Market requires companies be current in their reporting and must undergo an annual verification and management certification process. Companies must also meet a minimum ($0.01) bid test and may not be in bankruptcy.

Other    
The Company’s forecast of the period of time through which its financial resources will be adequate to support its operations is a forward-looking statement and involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary as a result of a number of factors, including the factors discussed in “Risk Factors” included in this Form 10-K . If the Company raises funds in the future, the Company may be required to raise those funds through public or private financings, strategic relationships or other arrangements at prices and other terms that may not be as favorable as they would without such qualification. The sale of additional equity and debt securities may result in additional dilution to the Company’s shareholders. Additional financing may not be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to the Company or at all.
Post-retirement Plans
On June 23, 2005 the Company entered into a Supplemental Executive Retirement Benefit Agreement with its former Chairman, Mr. DePiano, Sr..The agreement provided for the payment of supplemental retirement benefits to the covered executive in the event of the covered executive’s termination of services. In January 2013 the covered executive retired and the Company was obligated to pay the executive $8,491 per month for life, with payments commencing the month after retirement.
As of June 30, 2019, approximately $792,000 was accrued for Mr. DePiano Sr.'s retirement benefits. The amount represented the approximate present value of the supplemental retirement benefits awarded using a discount rate of 4.5% as of June 30, 2019. Mr. DePiano, Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019. According to the agreement, the benefits terminate upon Mr. DePiano Sr.'s death. Therefore, the Company recognized a gain with the termination of the retirement benefit obligation of $758,000, which has been reported under other income during the year ended June 30, 2020.
Off-balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

The Company was not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements during the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact amounts reported therein. The most significant of those involve the application of FASB issued authoritative guidance concerning Revenue Recognition, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, discussed further in the notes to consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K. The consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and, as such, include amounts based on informed estimates and judgments of management. For example, estimates are used in determining valuation allowances for deferred income taxes, uncollectible receivables, obsolete inventory, sales returns and rebates, warranty liabilities, right-of-use assets and related lease liabilities, and valuation of intangible assets. Actual results achieved in the future could differ from current estimates. The Company used what it believes are reasonable assumptions and, where applicable, established valuation techniques in making its estimates.

18


Intangible Assets and Long-Lived assets
Intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives (including trademark and trade names) are not amortized but, instead, are subject to an annual impairment assessment. Additionally, if events or conditions were to indicate the carrying value or a reporting unit may not be recoverable, the Company would evaluate the other intangible assets for impairment at that time.
Long-lived assets including intangible assets deemed to have finite lives, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Impairment indicators include, among other conditions, cash flow deficits, historic or anticipated declines in revenue or operating profit or material adverse changes in the business climate that indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may be impaired. When impairment indicators are present, the recoverability of the asset is measured by comparing the carrying value of the asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the projected undiscounted cash flows from the asset are less than the carrying value of the asset the asset is considered to be impaired. The impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset.

The Company tests indefinite-life intangible assets for possible impairment on an annual basis at June 30, and at any other time events occur or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of intangible assets may be impaired. Due to the current low market capitalization of the Company's common stock, the Company performed an interim impairment test on its intangible asset as of December 31, 2019. The outcome of this impairment test resulted in non-cash charge for the full impairment of the indefinite-lived intangible assets (trade mark and trade names) of $605,000, which was recorded in the consolidated financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2020. During the year ended June 30, 2019, no impairments were recorded.
Accrued Warranties

The Company provides a limited one-year warranty against manufacturer’s defects on its products sold to customers. The Company’s standard warranties require the Company to repair or replace, at the Company’s discretion, defective parts during such warranty period. The Company accrues for its product warranty liabilities based on estimates of costs to be incurred during the warranty period, based on historical repair information for warranty costs.
Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when its performance obligations with its customers have been satisfied. At contract inception, the Company determines if the contract is within the scope of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and then evaluates the contract using the following five steps: (1) identify the contract with the customer; (2) identify the performance obligations; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only recognizes revenue to the extent that it is probable that a significant revenue reversal will not occur in a future period.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that it believes that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If the Company determines that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, the Company would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company has a fully recorded valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.
The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) the Company determines whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the Company recognizes the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.

19


The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits on the income tax expense line in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, no accrued interest or penalties were required to be included on the related tax liability line in the consolidated balance sheets.
Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the inception of a contract. Operating lease right-of-use ("ROU") assets are included in right-of-use assets on the consolidated balance sheets. The current and long-term components of operating lease liabilities are included in the current portion of operating lease liabilities and operating lease liabilities, net of current portion, respectively on the consolidated balance sheets.

Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. Certain leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. All outstanding stock options are considered potential common stock. All outstanding convertible preferred stock are considered common stock at the beginning of the period or at the time of issuance, if later, pursuant to the if-converted method. The dilutive effect, if any, of stock options is calculated using the treasury stock method. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the average market prices for the years then ended are less than the exercise price of all the outstanding stock options and, therefore, the inclusion of the the stock options would be anti-dilutive. In addition, since the effect of common stock equivalents is anti-dilutive with respect to losses, the convertible preferred stock has also been excluded from the Company’s computation of loss per common for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Therefore, basic and diluted loss per common share for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are the same.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards    
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all accounting standards updates ("ASUs"). Management periodically reviews new accounting standards that are issued.
New Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), using the cumulative effect adjustment method and elected certain practical expedients allowed under the standard. Upon adoption, the Company recognized ROU assets and a lease liability of $1,138,000 and $1,208,000 respectively. The adoption didn't materially impact the Company's consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. (See Note 15)

In June 2018 the FASB issued ASU 2018-07 Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718) that expands the scope to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. An entity should apply the requirements to nonemployee awards except for certain exemptions specified in the amendment. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
New Accounting Pronouncements Not yet Adopted
In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which adds a new Topic 326 to the Codification and removes the thresholds that companies apply to measure credit losses on financial instruments measured at amortized cost, such as loans, receivables, and held-to-maturity debt securities. The guidance in ASU 2016-13 is effective for “public business entities,” as defined, that are SEC filers for fiscal years and for interim periods with those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption of the guidance is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


20


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLIMENTARY DATA
Escalon Medical Corp.
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
 


21




REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Escalon Medical Corp.

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Escalon Medical Corp. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, and the related consolidated statements of operations, shareholders' equity and cash flows for the years then ended and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
The Company's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company’s significant accumulated deficit and recurring losses from operations and negative cash flows from operating activities raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2 to the financial statements. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Friedman LLP
 
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2018.
 
 
Marlton, New Jersey
 
 
September 28, 2020
 
 
 




22


ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


 
June 30,
2020
 
June 30,
2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
825,958

 
$
409,743

Restricted cash
255,281

 
253,135

Accounts receivable, net
1,312,935

 
1,496,105

Inventories
1,785,030

 
1,878,860

Other current assets
154,193

 
223,078

Total current assets
4,333,397

 
4,260,921

Property and equipment, net
97,214

 
67,896

Right-of-use assets
1,107,127

 

Trademarks and trade names

 
605,006

License, net
122,050

 
141,700

Other long term assets
62,789

 
51,915

Total assets
$
5,722,577

 
$
5,127,438

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Line of credit
$
201,575

 
$
201,575

Current portion of note payable
3,401

 
3,401

Current portion of PPP loan
221,297

 

Accounts payable
760,621

 
666,510

Accrued expenses
681,047

 
656,707

Related party accrued interest
112,389

 
112,389

Current portion of post-retirement benefits (related party)

 
101,891

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
278,634

 

Deferred revenue
516,053

 
426,803

Liabilities of discontinued operations
89,990

 
90,933

Total current liabilities
2,865,007

 
2,260,209

Note payable, net of current portion
11,503

 
14,896

PPP loan, net of current portion
278,703

 

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion
896,533

 

EIDL loan
150,000

 

Accrued post-retirement benefits, net of current portion (related party)

 
690,094

Other long-term liabilities
8,872

 

Total long-term liabilities
1,345,611

 
704,990

Total liabilities
4,210,618

 
2,965,199

Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Series A convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized; 2,000,000 shares issued and outstanding (liquidation value of $767,709 and $715,968)
645,000

 
645,000

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 35,000,000 shares authorized; 7,415,329 shares issued and outstanding
7,415

 
7,415

Additional paid-in capital
69,702,043

 
69,702,043

Accumulated deficit
(68,842,499
)
 
(68,192,219
)
Total shareholders’ equity
1,511,959

 
2,162,239

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
5,722,577

 
$
5,127,438

See notes to consolidated financial statements

23



ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Net revenues:
 
 
 
 
Products
 
$
8,437,672

 
$
8,707,154

Service plans
 
962,359

 
919,509

Revenues, net
 
9,400,031

 
9,626,663

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
 
5,197,866

 
4,997,461

Marketing, general and administrative
 
3,874,498

 
4,142,392

Research and development
 
1,122,324

 
739,765

Intangible assets impairment
 
605,006

 

Total costs and expenses
 
10,799,694

 
9,879,618

Loss from operations
 
(1,399,663
)
 
(252,955
)
Other income (expense)
 
 
 
 
Other income
 
759,371

 
11,122

Interest income
 
3,592

 
9,170

Interest expense
 
(13,580
)
 
(17,353
)
Total other income, net
 
749,383

 
2,939

Net loss
 
(650,280
)
 
(250,016
)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stocks
 
51,741

 
51,600

Net loss applicable to common shareholders
 
$
(702,021
)
 
$
(301,616
)
Net loss per share
 
 
 
 
Basic loss per share
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Diluted loss per share
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Weighted average shares—basic
 
7,415,329

 
7,415,329

Weighted average shares—diluted
 
7,415,329

 
7,415,329

See notes to consolidated financial statements

24



ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 2020 AND 2019



 
 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2019
 
2,000,000

 
$
645,000

 
7,415,329

 
$
7,415

 
$
69,702,043

 
$
(68,192,219
)
 
$
2,162,239

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(650,280
)
 
(650,280
)
Balance at June 30, 2020
 
2,000,000

 
$
645,000

 
7,415,329

 
$
7,415

 
$
69,702,043

 
$
(68,842,499
)
 
$
1,511,959


 
 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
 
 Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
 Accumulated Deficit
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
 
 Shares
 
 Amount
 
 Shares
 
 Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2018
 
2,000,000

 
$
645,000

 
7,415,329

 
$
7,415

 
$
69,702,043

 
$
(67,942,203
)
 
$
2,412,255

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(250,016
)
 
(250,016
)
Balance at June 30, 2019
 
2,000,000

 
$
645,000

 
7,415,329

 
$
7,415

 
$
69,702,043

 
$
(68,192,219
)
 
$
2,162,239

See notes to consolidated financial statements

25


ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(650,280
)
 
$
(250,016
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Recovery of allowance of doubtful accounts

 
(5,450
)
Increase in accounts receivable allowance
12,008

 

Depreciation and amortization
50,084

 
50,139

Non cash lease expense
342,058

 

Intangible assets impairment
605,006

 

Non cash post-retirement benefits adjustment
(758,021
)
 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
171,162

 
(103,522
)
Inventories
93,830

 
(55,446
)
Other current assets
68,885

 
(25,373
)
Other long-term assets
(10,874
)
 

Accounts payable
94,111

 
137,666

   Accrued expenses
94,929

 
(105,325
)
Accrued post-retirement benefits (related party)
(33,964
)
 
(59,386
)
Change in operating lease liability
(344,608
)
 

Deferred revenue
89,250

 
(54,377
)
Liabilities of discontinued operations
(943
)
 
(1,599
)
Other long-term liabilities
8,872

 

Net cash used in operating activities
(168,495
)
 
(472,689
)
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Purchase of equipment
(59,751
)
 
(22,117
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(59,751
)
 
(22,117
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
            Proceeds from PPP loan
500,000

 

Proceeds from EIDL loan
150,000

 

Repayment of note payable
(3,393
)
 
(2,893
)
Proceeds from line of credit

 
36,575

Net cash provided by financing activities
646,607

 
33,682

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
418,361

 
(461,124
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of year
662,878

 
1,124,002

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of year
$
1,081,239

 
$
662,878

 
 
 
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash consist of the following:
 
 
 
End of year
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
825,958

 
$
409,743

Restricted cash
255,281

 
253,135

 
$
1,081,239

 
$
662,878

Beginning of year
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
409,743

 
$
874,002


26


Restricted cash
253,135

 
250,000

 
$
662,878

 
$
1,124,002

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Schedule of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
15,387

 
$
44,315

Non Cash Finance Activities
 
 
 
Record right-of-use assets per ASC 842, net of deferred rent reclassification
$
1,449,184

 
$

Record lease liability per ASC 842
$
1,519,744

 
$

See notes to consolidated financial statements

27


Escalon Medical Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation

          Escalon Medical Corp. ("Escalon" or "Company") is a Pennsylvania corporation initially incorporated in California in 1987, and reincorporated in Pennsylvania in November 2001. Within this document, the “Company” collectively shall mean Escalon, which includes its division called "Trek" and its wholly owned subsidiaries: Sonomed, Inc. (“Sonomed”), Escalon Digital Solutions, Inc. (“EMI”), Escalon Holdings, Inc. (“EHI”), Escalon IP Holdings, Inc., and Sonomed IP Holdings, Inc.

The Company operates in the healthcare market, specializing in the development, manufacture, marketing and distribution of medical devices and pharmaceuticals in the area of ophthalmology. The Company and its products are subject to regulation and inspection by the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”). The FDA and other government authorities require extensive testing of new products prior to sale and have jurisdiction over the safety, efficacy and manufacture of products, as well as product labeling and marketing.
    
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. This pandemic has had a significant impact on the global and domestic economy, and has and is likely to continue to impact the operations of the Company. The Company has been assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business, including the impact on the financial condition and results of operations, financial resources, changes in accounting judgment as well as the impact on the supply and demand, etc. The Company is considered an essential business and has been able to maintain operations during the lockdown. The Company applied for and received $500,000 in April 2020 under the Payroll Protection Program ("PPP loan") which will help reverse the negative impact in terms of the liquidity. The maturity date is two years from the date of the note. The interest rate is 1.00% per year. The Company remains in strong communications with the customers and there is no evidence showing that COVID-19 will greatly effect collection of accounts receivable as of date of this filing. However, the Company does not know the extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on its business due to the uncertainty about the spread of the virus.

The Company’s common stock trades on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “ESMC.”

2. Going Concern

The Company’s operations are subject to a number of factors that can affect its operating results and financial condition. Such factors include, but are not limited to: the continuous enhancement of the current products, development of new products; changes in domestic and foreign regulations; ability of manufacture successfully; competition from products manufactured and sold or being developed by other companies; the price of, and demand for, the Company’s products and its ability to raise capital to support its operations.

To date, the Company’s operations have not generated sufficient revenues to enable profitability. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficient of $68.8 million, and incurred recurring losses from operations and incurred negative cash flows from operating activities. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for the following twelve months as of the date of this form 10-K.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the realization of the carrying value of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

The Company's continuance as a going concern is dependent on its future profitability and on the on-going support of its shareholders, affiliates and creditors. In order to mitigate the going concern issues, the Company is actively pursuing business partnerships, managing its continuing operations, implementing cost-cutting measures and seeking to sell certain assets. The Company may not be successful in any of these efforts.

3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

28


Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally affected in the US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("US GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purposes of reporting cash flows, the Company considers all cash accounts, which are not subject to withdrawal restrictions or penalties, and highly liquid investments with original maturities of 90 days or less to be cash and cash equivalents. From time to time cash balances exceed federal insurance limits.
Restricted Cash
As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 restricted cash included $255,281 and $253,135 respectively, which was pursuant to the requirements in the TD Bank Loan entered into June 2018 (see Note 6).
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company's functional currency is the US dollar. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. Foreign currency transaction gains or losses included in net loss were immaterial for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recorded at net realizable value. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and does not require collateral for accounts receivable arising in the normal course of business. The Company maintains allowances for potential credit losses based on the Company’s historical trends, specific customer issues and current economic trends. Accounts are written off against the allowance when they are determined to be uncollectible based on management’s assessment of individual accounts. The Company recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $123,000 and $111,000 as of June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Balance, July 1
$
110,507

 
$
118,930

Increase in allowance
12,008

 

Recovery in bad debts

 
(5,450
)
Write-offs

 
(2,973
)
Balance, June 30
$
122,515

 
$
110,507


Inventories
Inventories include freight-in materials, labor and overhead costs, and are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. The Company writes down its inventories as it becomes aware of any situation whereas the carrying amount exceeds the estimated realizable value based on assumptions about future demands and market conditions.
 
 
 
 
 
For the years ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Raw materials
$
612,721

 
$
874,985

Work in process
322,856

 
225,254

Finished goods
849,453

 
778,621

Total inventories
$
1,785,030

 
$
1,878,860

     
Property and Equipment


29


Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the estimated useful life of the asset or lease term. Depreciation on property and equipment is recorded using the straight-line method over the estimated economic useful life of the related assets. Estimated useful lives are generally three years to five years for computer equipment and software, five years to seven years for furniture and fixtures and five years to ten years for production and test equipment. Depreciation and amortization expense for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was approximately $30,000 and $30,000, respectively.

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 
June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Equipment
$
739,335

 
$
717,460

Furniture and fixtures
150,871

 
149,835

Leasehold improvements
39,048

 
28,549

 
929,254

 
895,844

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(832,040
)
 
(827,948
)
 
$
97,214

 
$
67,896

Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets
Intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives (including trademark and trade names) are not amortized but, instead, are subject to an annual impairment assessment. Additionally, if events or conditions were to indicate the carrying value or a reporting unit may not be recoverable, the Company would evaluate the other intangible assets for impairment at that time.
Long-lived assets including intangible assets deemed to have finite lives, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Impairment indicators include, among other conditions, cash flow deficits, historic or anticipated declines in revenue or operating profit or material adverse changes in the business climate that indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may be impaired. When impairment indicators are present, the recoverability of the asset is measured by comparing the carrying value of the asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the projected undiscounted cash flows from the asset are less than the carrying value of the asset the asset is considered to be impaired. The impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset.
The Company tests indefinite-life intangible assets for possible impairment on an annual basis at June 30, and at any other time events occur or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of intangible assets may be impaired. Due to the current low market capitalization of the Company's common stock, the Company performed an interim impairment test on its intangible asset as of December 31, 2019. The outcome of this impairment test resulted in non-cash charge for the full impairment of the indefinite-lived intangible assets (trade mark and trade names) of $605,000, which was recorded in the consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2020. No impairments were recorded in year ended June 30, 2019 .
Accrued Warranties
The Company provides a limited one-year warranty against manufacturer’s defects on its products sold to customers. The Company’s standard warranties require the Company to repair or replace, at the Company’s discretion, defective parts during such warranty period. The Company accrues for its product warranty liabilities based on estimates of costs to be incurred during the warranty period, based on historical repair information for warranty costs.
PPP Loans
The Company's policy is to account for the PPP loan (See Note 7) as debt. The Company will continue to record the loan as debt until either (1) the loan is partially or entirely forgiven and the Company has been legally released, at which point the amount forgiven will be recorded as income or (2) the Company pays off the loan.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value because of their short-term maturity. The carrying amount of the accrued post retirement benefits approximates fair value since the Company utilizes approximate current market interest rates to calculate the liability.

30


The Company determined that the carrying amount of the notes payable and lease liabilities approximates fair value since such debt borrowing bears interest at the approximate current market rate. While the Company believes the carrying value of the assets and liabilities are reasonable, considerable judgment is used to develop estimates of fair value; thus the estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current market exchange.
Revenue Recognition
    
The Company recognizes revenue when its performance obligations with its customers have been satisfied. At contract inception, the Company determines if the contract is within the scope of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and then evaluates the contract using the following five steps: (1) identify the contract with the customer; (2) identify the performance obligations; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only recognizes revenue to the extent that it is probable that a significant revenue reversal will not occur in a future period.

The Company generates product revenue from the sale of medical device products and the sale and installation of the Company's AXIS image management system software. Revenue for service plans relate to the customer care plans for the Company’s equipment and AXIS image management system software.

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of the promised goods or services to the customer for an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company’s performance obligations are for product sales, installation of AXIS image management system software and customer care plans. The performance obligations are determined at contract inception based upon promises within the contract that are distinct.

The product sales and installation of AXIS image management system software performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time, which is upon shipment for product sales and upon successful installation for the AXIS image management system. The performance obligation for customer care plans is satisfied over time as the customer receives and consumes the Company’s services.

The Company invoices its customers upon shipment for product sales. For the installation of AXIS image management system software and customer care plans, the Company invoices its customers upon successful installation. Invoice payments are generally due within 30 days of invoice date. The transaction price is determined based on fixed consideration in the Company’s customer contracts and is recorded net of variable consideration. In determining the transaction price, a significant financing component does not exist since the timing from when the Company invoices its customers to when payment is received as it is less than one year.

Revenue for product sales and installation of AXIS image management system software is recognized when delivered or installed. The customer care plan revenues are recognized proportionately over the service period, which is a 12-month period.
The Company has elected the following practical expedients in applying ASC 606:
Unsatisfied Performance Obligations - all performance obligations relate to contracts with a duration of less than one year, the Company has elected to apply the optional exemption provided in ASC 606 and therefore, is not required to disclose the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied at the end of the reporting period.
Contract Costs - all incremental customer contract acquisition costs are expensed as they are incurred as the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less in duration.
Significant Financing Component - the Company does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component as the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the entity transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.
Sales Tax Exclusion from the Transaction Price - the Company excludes from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from the customer.
Shipping and Handling Activities - the Company elected to account for shipping and handling activities as a fulfillment cost rather than as a separate performance obligation.
Portfolio Approach - the Company applied the Portfolio Approach to contract reviews within its identified revenue streams that have similar characteristics and the Company believes this approach would not differ materially than if applying Topic 606 to each individual contract.

Deferred Revenue

31



The Company records deferred revenues when cash payments are received or due in advance of its performance. The Company’s deferred revenues relate to payments received for the customer care plans for a 12-month period. The consideration received is recognized monthly over the service period.

 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Beginning of Year
 
$
427,000

 
$
481,000

Additions
 
1,052,000

 
888,000

Revenue Recognized
 
963,000

 
942,000

End of Year
 
$
516,000

 
$
427,000


Shipping and Handling Revenues and Costs
Shipping and handling revenues are included in product revenue and the related costs are included in cost of goods sold.
Research and Development
All research and development costs are charged to operations as incurred.
Advertising Costs
Advertising costs are charged to operations as incurred. Advertising expense for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $17,000 and $33,000, respectively.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share    
Earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. All outstanding stock options are considered potential common stock. All outstanding convertible preferred stock are considered common stock at the beginning of the period or at the time of issuance, if later, pursuant to the if-converted method. The dilutive effect, if any, of stock options is calculated using the treasury stock method. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the average market prices for the years then ended are less than the exercise price of all the outstanding stock options and, therefore, the inclusion of the stock options would be anti-dilutive. In addition, since the effect of common stock equivalents is anti-dilutive with respect to losses, the convertible preferred stock has also been excluded from the Company’s computation of loss per common for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Therefore, basic and diluted loss per common share for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are the same.

32


 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
  Numerator for basic loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 Net loss
 
$
(650,280
)
 
$
(250,016
)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stock
 
51,741

 
51,600

Net loss applicable to common shareholders
 
$
(702,021
)
 
$
(301,616
)
Numerator for diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
Net loss applicable to common shareholders
 
$
(702,021
)
 
$
(301,616
)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stock
 

 

Net loss
 
$
(650,280
)
 
$
(301,616
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic loss per share - weighted average shares outstanding

 
7,415,329

 
7,415,329

Weighted average preferred stock converted to common stock
 

 

 Denominator for diluted loss per share - weighted average and assumed conversion
 
7,415,329


7,415,329

Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
Basic net loss per share
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Diluted net loss per share
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.04
)

The following table summarizes convertible preferred stock and securities that, if exercised would have an anti-dilutive effect
on earnings per share.

 
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Stock options
 
157,000

 
213,000

Convertible preferred stock
 
5,118,060

 
4,773,120

Total potential dilutive securities not included in income per share
 
5,275,060

 
4,986,120

Income Taxes

33



The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the consolidated financial statements. Under this method, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that it believes that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If the Company determines that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, the Company would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes. As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the Company has recorded a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.

The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) the Company determines whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the Company recognizes the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits on the income tax expense line in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, no accrued interest or penalties were required to be included on the related tax liability line in the consolidated balance sheets.

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the inception of a contract. Operating lease right-of-use ("ROU") assets are included in right-of-use assets on the consolidated balance sheets. The current and long-term components of operating lease liabilities are included in the current portion of operating lease liabilities and operating lease liabilities, net of current portion, respectively on the consolidated balance sheets.

Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. Certain leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Reclassifications

Lease deposits of $51,915 in the June 30, 2019 consolidated balance sheet has been reclassed from other current assets to other assets to be in conformity with the current period presentation.

New Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all accounting standards updates ("ASUs"). Management periodically reviews new accounting standards that are issued.
New Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
    
Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), using the cumulative effect adjustment method and elected certain practical expedients allowed under the standard. Upon adoption, the Company recognized ROU assets and a lease liability of $1,138,000 and $1,208,000 respectively. The adoption didn't materially impact the Company's consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. (See Note 15)


34


In June 2018 the FASB issued ASU 2018-07 Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718) that expands the scope to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. An entity should apply the requirements to nonemployee awards except for certain exemptions specified in the amendment. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
New Accounting Pronouncements Not yet Adopted

In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which adds a new Topic 326 to the Codification and removes the thresholds that companies apply to measure credit losses on financial instruments measured at amortized cost, such as loans, receivables, and held-to-maturity debt securities. The guidance in ASU 2016-13 is effective for “public business entities,” as defined, that are SEC filers for fiscal years and for interim periods with those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption of the guidance is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

4. Intangible Assets
The Company's intangible assets consist of the following:
 
2020
 
2019
Trademarks and trade names
 
 
 
Net carrying amount
$

 
$
605,006

Total
$

 
$
605,006


The Company tests indefinite-life intangible assets for possible impairment on an annual basis at June 30, and at any other time events occur or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of intangible assets may be impaired. Due to the current low market capitalization of the Company's common stock, the Company performed an interim impairment test on its intangible asset. The outcome of this impairment test resulted in non-cash charge for the full impairment of the indefinite-lived intangible assets (trade mark and trade names) of $605,006, which was recorded in the consolidated financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2020. During the year ended June 30, 2019, no impairments were recorded.


Licenses

The Company purchased no new licenses for year end June 30, 2020 and 2019 respectively and the cost is capitalized and amortized over 10 years. Amortization expense is approximately $20,000 for each of the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Annual amortization related entirely to licenses is estimated to be $19,650 for the years ending June 30, 2021 through 2025 and $23,800 thereafter.
The following table presents amortized licenses as of June 30, 2020:
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Impairment
 
Adjusted
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
Amortized Intangible Assets Licenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
199,000

 
$

 
$
199,000

 
$
(76,950
)
 
$
122,050

Total
$
199,000

 
$

 
$
199,000

 
$
(76,950
)
 
$
122,050



35


The following table presents amortized licenses as of June 30, 2019:
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Impairment
 
Adjusted
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
Amortized Intangible Assets Licenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
199,000

 
$

 
$
199,000

 
$
(57,300
)
 
$
141,700

Total
$
199,000

 
$

 
$
199,000

 
$
(57,300
)
 
$
141,700

 
5. Accrued Expenses
The following table presents accrued expenses:
 
 
June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Accrued compensation
$
417,829

 
$
396,609

Line of credit and notes payable interest accrual
1,224

 
1,013

Customer deposits
14,320

 
16,006

Warranty reserve
32,078

 
32,078

Sales tax payable
100,176

 
100,582

Rent payable

 
70,587

Other accruals
115,420

 
39,832

Total accrued expenses
$
681,047

 
$
656,707


Accrued compensation as of June 30, 2020 and 2019 primarily relates to payroll, vacation accruals, and payroll tax liabilities.

6. Line of Credit

On June 29, 2018 the Company entered a business loan agreement with TD bank receiving a line of credit evidenced by a promissory note of $250,000. The interest is subject to change based on changes in an independent index which the Wall Street Journal Prime. The index rate at the date of the agreement is 5.000% per annum. Interest on the unpaid principal balance of the note is calculated using a rate of 0.740 percentage points over the index, adjusted if necessary for any minimum and maximum rate limitations, resulting in an initial rate of 5.740% per annum based on a year of 360 days. The interest rate was 5% as of June 30, 2020. The Company was required to put $250,000 in the TD bank savings account as collateral. Mr. Richard J. DePiano Sr. executed a guarantee of the loan in favor of TD Bank. Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019, therefore the guarantee is now assumed by his estate. Upon signing the agreement the Company also authorizes TD bank to payoff the line of credit with Newtek Business Credit ("Netwtek").

As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the line of credit balance was $201,575 with TD bank. The line of credit interest expense was approximately $11,000 and $17,000 for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

7. Long-term debt

Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") loan

On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for$500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. $221,297 of the PPP loan is classified as current.  The promissory note has a fixed payment schedule, commencing seven months following the funding of the note and consisting of seventeen monthly payments of principal and interest, with the principal component of each payment based upon the level of amortization of principal over a two year period from the funding date. The PPP loan is unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest will be payable no later than April 26, 2022. The note will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum and is deferred for the first six months of the loan. Major portions of the loan and accrued interest may qualify for loan forgiveness based on the terms of the program. No assurance is provided that the Company will in fact obtain forgiveness of the PPP loan in whole or in part.


36


Economic Injury Disaster ("EIDL") loan

EIDL is designed to provide economic relief to businesses that are currently experiencing a temporary loss of revenue due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. EIDL proceeds can be used to cover a wide array of working capital and normal operating expenses, such as continuation to health care benefits, rent, utilities, and fixed debt payments. The Company received $150,000 EIDL loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%. The payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment will be $731.The EIDL loan is secured by the tangible and intangible personal property of the Company.

The future annual principal amounts to be paid as of June 30, 2020 are as follows:

 
 
Year ending June 30,
EIDL Loan Payment
2021
$
234

2022
2,870

2023
2,980

2024
3,094

2025
3,212

Thereafter
137,610

Total
$
150,000

 
 

Other Long-term Liabilities

The CARES Act allows employers to defer the deposit and payment of the employer share of Social Security tax that would otherwise be due on or after March 27, 2020, and before January 1, 2021. The Company has deferred approximately $9,000 of the social security tax as of June 30, 2020.

8. Capital Stock Transactions
Stock Option Plans
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had in effect two employee stock option plans that provide for incentive and non-qualified stock options. Under the terms of the plans, options may not be granted for less than the fair market value of the Common Stock at the date of grant. Vesting generally occurs ratably between one and five years and for non-employee directors, immediately, and the options are exercisable over a period no longer than 10 years after the grant date. As of June 30, 2020, options to purchase 157,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were outstanding, of which 157,000 were exercisable, and 0 shares were unvested.
The following is a summary of Escalon’s stock option activity and related information for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

 
2020
 
2019
 
Common
Stock
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Common
Stock
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Outstanding at the beginning of the year
213,000

 
$
1.48

 
367,500

 
$
1.78

Granted

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

Forfeited
(56,000
)
 
1.51

 
(154,500
)
 
$
2.21

Outstanding at the end of the year
157,000

 
$
1.47

 
213,000

 
$
1.48

Exercisable at the end of the year
157,000

 
$
1.47

 
213,000

 
1.48

Weighted average fair value of options granted during the year
 
 
$

 
 
 
$


37


The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of June 30, 2020:
 
 
Number
Outstanding
at June 30,
2020
 
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Number
Exercisable
at June 30,
2020
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Range of Exercise Prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$0.79
21,000

 
5.83
 
$
0.79

 
21,000

 
$
0.79

$1.45 to $2.12
136,000

 
3.83
 
$
1.57

 
136,000

 
$
1.57

Total
157,000

 
 
 
 
 
157,000

 
 
There was no compensation expense related to stock options for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

9. Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 consists of the following:
 
 
2020
 
2019
Current income tax provision

 
 
Federal
$

 
$

State

 

 

 

Deferred income tax provision
 
 
 
Federal
(8,061
)
 
44,287

State
(2,303
)
 
12,653

Change in valuation allowance
10,364

 
(56,940
)
 

 

Income tax expense (benefit)
$

 
$

Income tax expense (benefit) as a percentage of loss for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 differ from statutory federal income tax rate due to the following:
 
 
2020
 
2019
Statutory federal income tax rate
21.00
 %
 
21.00
 %
Permanent differences
(16.00
)%
 
0.00
 %
Valuation allowance
(5.00
)%
 
(21.00
)%
Effective income tax rate
0.00
 %
 
0.00
 %
The components of the net deferred income tax assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
 

38



2020
 
2019
Deferred income tax assets:

 

Net operating loss carryforward
$
7,212,393

 
$
7,102,298

Executive post retirement costs

 
166,317

General business credit
207,698

 
207,698

Allowance for doubtful accounts
25,728

 
23,207

Accrued vacation
43,741

 
40,565

Inventory reserve
69,432

 
102,002

Accelerated depreciation
69,196

 
127,642

Warranty reserve
6,736

 
6,736

Total deferred income tax assets
7,634,924

 
7,776,465

Valuation allowance
(7,609,293
)
 
(7,619,657
)

25,631

 
156,808

Deferred income tax liabilities:
 
 
 
Accelerated depreciation
(25,631
)
 
(156,808
)
Total deferred income tax liabilities
(25,631
)
 
(156,808
)

$

 
$

As of June 30, 2020, the Company has a valuation allowance of $7,609,293, which primarily relates to the federal net operating loss carryforwards. During the year ended June 30, 2020, the valuation allowance decreased by $10,364 and during the year ended June 30, 2019, the valuation increased by $56,940. The valuation allowance is a result of management evaluating its estimates of the net operating losses available to the Company as they relate to the results of operations of acquired businesses subsequent to their being acquired by the Company. The Company evaluates a variety of factors in determining the amount of the valuation allowance, including the Company’s earnings history, the number of years the Company’s operating loss and tax credits can be carried forward, the existence of taxable temporary differences, and near-term earnings expectations. Future reversal of the valuation allowance will be recognized either when the benefit is realized or when it has been determined that it is more likely than not that the benefit will be realized through future earnings.The Company has available federal and state net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $32,867,000 and $3,248,000, respectively, of which $13,934,000 and $2,752,000, respectively, will expire over the next ten years, $17,931,000 and $496,000, respectively, will expire in years eleven through twenty, and $1,002,000 and $0, respectively, which will not expire.
The Company continues to monitor the realization of its deferred tax assets based on changes in circumstances, for example, recurring periods of income for tax purposes following historical periods of cumulative losses or changes in tax laws or regulations. The Company’s income tax provision and management’s assessment of the realizability of the Company’s deferred tax assets involve significant judgments and estimates. If taxable income expectations change, in the near term the Company may be required to reduce the valuation allowance which would result in a material benefit to the Company’s results of operations in the period in which the benefit is determined by the Company.

Fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 and subsequent years remain open to tax examination. However, to the extent allowed by law, the tax authorities may have the right to examine prior periods where net operating losses were generated and carried forward, and make adjustments up to the amount of the net operating loss amount. At June 30, 2020, the Company did not have any significant unrecognized tax positions. The Company has provided what it believes to be an appropriate amount of tax for items that involve interpretation to the tax law. However, events may occur in the future that will cause the Company to reevaluate the current provision and may result in an adjustment to the liability for taxes.

10. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
The Company, from time to time is involved in various legal proceedings and disputes that arise in the normal course of business. These matters have included intellectual property disputes, contract disputes, employment disputes and other matters.

39


The Company does not believe that the resolution of any of these matters has had or is likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

11. Retirement and Post-Retirement Plans

The Company adopted a 401(k) retirement plan effective January 1, 1994. The Company’s employees become eligible for the plan commencing on the date of employment. Company contributions are discretionary, and no Company contributions have been made since the plan’s inception. On January 14, 2000, the Company acquired Sonomed. Sonomed adopted a 401(k) retirement plan effective on January 1, 1993. This plan has continued subsequent to the acquisition and is available only to Sonomed employees. There were no discretionary contributions for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

On June 23, 2005 the Company entered into a Supplemental Executive Retirement Benefit Agreement with its former Chairman, Mr. DePiano, Sr. The agreement provided for the payment of supplemental retirement benefits to the covered executive in the event of the covered executive’s termination of services. In January 2013 the covered executive retired and the Company was obligated to pay the executive $8,491 per month for life, with payments commencing the month after retirement.
As of June 30, 2019 approximately $792,000 was accrued for Mr. DePiano, Sr.'s retirement benefits. The amount represented the approximate present value of the supplemental retirement benefits awarded using a discount rate of 4.5% as of June 30, 2019. Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019. According to the agreement, the benefits terminate upon Mr. DePiano, Sr.'s death. Therefore, the Company recognized a gain with the termination of the retirement benefit obligation of $758,000, which has been reported as other income for the year ended June 30, 2020.
 
2020
 
2019
Balance July 1,
$
791,985

 
$
851,371

Actuarial adjustment
(758,021
)
 
42,505

Payment of benefits
(33,964
)
 
(101,891
)
Balance June 30,

 
791,985

12. Discontinued Operations

BH Holdings, S.A.S

Drew Scientific, Inc. ("Drew"), an inactive subsidiary of the Company which was sold in 2012, has a controlling interest in BHH Holdings, S.A.S ("BHH"). On January 12, 2012 BHH, initiated the filing of an insolvency declaration with the Tribunal de Commerce de Rennes, France ("Commercial Court").  The Commercial Court on January 18, 2012 opened the liquidation proceedings with continuation of BHH's activity for three months and named an administrator to manage BHH. Since Drew no longer had a controlling financial interest in BHH it was deconsolidated in the December 31, 2011 quarterly consolidated financial statements and prior period amounts are presented as discontinued operations.


Assets and liabilities of discontinued operations of BHH included in the consolidated balance sheets are summarized as follows at June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 (in thousands):
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Assets
 
 
 
Total assets
$

 
$

Liabilities
 
 
 
Accrued lease termination costs
90

 
91

Total liabilities
90

 
91

Net liabilities of discontinued operations
$
(90
)
 
$
(91
)

During fiscal year 2015 the Company was informed by French Counsel that the total amount claimed by the BHH landlord in the liquidation of BHH was approximately $86,000. The Company did not have insight into the French liquidation process due

40


to the Liquidator's reticence to communicate with the Company. As such, the Company had accrued the present value of the maximum amount potentially due under the lease guaranteed by the Company on behalf of BHH. The landlord's claim under liquidation of approximately $86,000 cannot be revisited by the landlord and can only be potentially increased by interest or sundry expenses. Beginning in 2016 any changes to this liability are included in continuing operations. As of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 the liability was approximately $90,000 and $91,000, respectively.
    
13. Related Party Transactions and Preferred Stock

Richard J. DePiano Sr., (“Mr. DePiano Sr.”), the Company’s former Chairman, participated in an accounts receivable factoring program that was implemented by the Company. Under the program, Mr. DePiano Sr. advanced the Company $645,000 prior to the Debt Exchange Agreement noted below. Interest on the transaction was 1.25% per month. The transactions excluded fees typically charged by the factoring agent and provided much needed liquidity to the Company. There was no related party interest expense for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, accrued interest of $112,389 was payable under the factoring agreement to his estate.

On February 14, 2018, the Company entered into a Debt Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Mr. DePiano Sr., the Company's former Chairman and DP Associates Inc. Profit-Sharing Plan of which Mr. DePiano Sr. is the sole owner and sole trustee (the “Holders”).  Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, effective February 15, 2018, the Holders exchanged a total of $645,000 principal amount of debt related to the accounts receivable factoring program the Company owes the Holders for 2,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”).
    
Each share of Preferred Stock entitles the Holder thereof to 13 votes per share and will vote together with all other classes and series of stock of the Company as a single class on all actions to be taken by the Company’s stockholders.  As a result of this voting power, the Holders as of June 30, 2020 beneficially own approximately 77.81% of the voting power on all actions to be taken by the Company’s shareholders.

Subject to the terms and conditions of Preferred Stock, the holder of any share or shares of the Preferred Stock has the right, at its option at any time, to convert each such share of Preferred Stock (except that, upon any liquidation of the Company, the right of conversion will terminate at the close of business on the business day fixed for payment of the amounts distributable on the Preferred Stock) into 2.15 shares of Common Stock (the “Conversion Ratio”).  The Conversion Ratio is subject to standard provisions for adjustment in the event of a subdivision or combination of the Company’s Common Stock and upon any reorganization or reclassification of the capital stock of the Company. If the Holders were to convert their shares of Preferred Stock into Common Stock at the Conversion Ratio the Holders would receive a total of 4,300,000 shares of Common Stock, or approximately 36.70% of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock assuming such conversion.

Each outstanding share of the Preferred Stock accrues dividends calculated cumulatively at the annual rate of $.0258 per share (such amount subject to equitable adjustment in the event of any stock dividend, stock split, combination, reclassification other similar event), payable upon the earlier of (i) a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company or (ii) conversion of the Preferred Stock into Common Stock. Upon either of such events, all such accrued and unpaid dividends, whether or not earned or declared, to and until the date of such event, will become immediately due and payable and will be paid in full. The dividends payable to the holders of the Preferred Stock is payable in cash or, at the election of any such holder, in a number of additional shares of Common Stock equal to the amount of the dividend expressed in dollars divided by the then applicable Conversion Ratio, described above. As of June 30, 2020 and 2019 the cumulative dividends payable is $122,709 ($0.0614 per share) and $70,968 ($0.0355 per share), respectively.

Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019 and left a will by which he appointed Richard J. DePiano, Jr., the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, as executor. Richard DePiano Jr. was elected to serve as chairman of the Company's board. Mr. DePiano, Jr. qualified as executor and has control over the listed shares in his capacity as executor of Mr. DePiano Sr.'s estate.

During the year ended June 30, 2020, the Company paid a company controlled by Richard DePiano Jr.'s mother for the supply and installation of the carpet for the Company's office.

14. Concentration of Credit Risk

Credit Risk

Financial Instruments, which potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk, consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and trade receivables. Concentration of credit risk with respect to trade receivables is generally

41


diversified due to the large number of entities comprising the Company's customer base and their dispersion across geographic areas principally within the United States and international. The Company routinely address the financial strength of its customer and, as a consequence, believes that its receivable credit risk exposure is limited. The Company does not require customers to post collateral.

Major Customer

One customer accounted for approximately 16% of net sales during the year ended June 30, 2020. No customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales during the year ended June 30, 2019.

As of June 30, 2020 the Company had one customer that represents approximately 18% of the total accounts receivable balance. As of June 30, 2019 the Company had no customer that represents more than 10% of the total accounts receivable balance.

Major Supplier

The Company's two largest suppliers accounted for 37% and 10% of the total purchase for the year ended June 30, 2020. The Company's two largest suppliers accounted for the total purchases for 30% and 11% of total purchase for the year ended June 30, 2019. As of June 30, 2020 the Company had three suppliers that represent approximately 38%, 12% and 11% of the total accounts payable balance. As of June 30, 2019 the Company had no customer that represents more than 10% of the total accounts payable balance.

Foreign Sales
Domestic and international sales from continuing operations are as follows:
(in thousands)
 
For the Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Domestic
 
$
5,781

 
61.5
%
 
$
5,587

 
58.0
%
Foreign
 
3,619

 
38.5
%
 
4,040

 
42.0
%
Total
 
$
9,400

 
100.0
%
 
$
9,627

 
100.0
%

15. Leases

The Company adopted ASC Topic 842-Leases as of July 1, 2019, using the cumulative effective adjustment method wherein the Company applied the new lease standard at adoption date. Accordingly, all periods prior to July 1, 2019 were presented in accordance with the previous ASC Topic 840, Leases, and no retrospective adjustments were made to the comparative periods presented. Adoption of ASC 842 resulted in an increase to total assets and liabilities due to the recording of operating right of use (ROU) assets and operating lease liabilities of approximately $1,138,000 and $1,208,000 respectively, as of July 1, 2019. The adoption did not materially impact the Company's consolidated statements of operations or cash flows but it did impact the debt to capital ratio.

The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception. US GAAP requires that the Company's leases be evaluated and classified as operating or finance leases for financial reporting purposes. The classification evaluation begins at the commencement date and the lease term used in the evaluation includes the non-cancellable period for which the Company has the right to use the underlying asset, together with renewal option periods when the exercise of the renewal option is reasonable certain and failure to exercise such option which result in an economic penalty.

The Company has operating leases for manufacturing, research and corporate office facilities and certain equipment. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded in the balance sheet. The Company has elected the practical expedient to account for each separate lease component of a contract and its associated non-lease components as a single lease component, thus causing all fixed payments to be capitalized. The Company also elected the package of practical expedients permitted within the new standard, which among other things, allows the Company to carry forward historical lease classification. Variable lease payment amounts that cannot be determined at the commencement of the lease such as increases in lease payments based on changes in index rates or usage, are not included in the ROU assets or liabilities. These are expensed as incurred and recorded as variable lease expense.

ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset during the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the net present value of fixed lease payments over the lease term. The Company's lease term includes options to

42


extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. As the Company's operating leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the comment date in determining the present value of future lease payments.

The components of lease costs included in cost of goods sold and marketing, general and administrative costs were as follows:
 
 
Year Ended

 
 
June 30, 2020

Operating lease costs:
 
 
Fixed
 
407,757

Total:
 
$
407,757


Supplemental cash flow information was as follows:
 
 
Year Ended

 
 
June 30, 2020

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows for operating leases
 
391,384

Total
 
$
391,384


Leases recorded on the balance sheet consist of the following:
 
 
 
 
June 30,

Leases (operating)
 
Classification on the Balance Sheet
 
2020

Assets
 
 
 
 
Operating lease ROU assets
 
Right-of-use asset

 
$
1,107,127

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Current
 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities
 
$
278,634

Non-current
 
Operating lease liabilities
 
$
896,533


The table below reconciles the undiscounted future minimum lease payments (displayed by year and in the aggregate)
under noncancelable operating leases with terms of more than one year to the total operating lease liabilities
recognized on the consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2020:
    
As of January 1st, 2020, the Company had an additional operating lease for its Pennsylvania headquarters location with a present value of approximately $285,000. The operating lease commenced on January 1st, 2020 with a lease term of 5 years.

The aggregate future lease payments for operating leases as of June 30, 2020 were as follows:
 
 
Operating

 
 
 
2021
 
$
336,596

2022
 
321,497

2023
 
259,546

2024
 
263,588

2025
 
137,082

Thereafter
 
978

Total lease payments
 
1,319,287

Less interest
 
144,120

Present value of lease liabilities
 
$
1,175,167



43


Average lease terms and discount rates were as follows:
 
 
June 30,

 
 
2020

Weighted-average remaining lease terms (years)
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.17

Weighted-average discount rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
5.65
%

Disclosures related to periods prior to adoption of ASU 2016-02

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 using a modified retrospective adoption method at July 1, 2019. As required, the following disclosure is provided for periods prior to adoption. Minimum operating lease commitments as of June 30, 2019 that have initial or remaining lease terms in excess of one year are as follows:
 
 
Operating

 
 
 
2019
 
$
356,414

2020
 
272,881

2021
 
256,311

2022
 
188,755

2023
 
189,790

Thereafter
 
96,830

Total lease payments
 
$
1,360,981


The rent expense for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was approximately $495,000 and $455,000.


ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
None

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company’s management
evaluated, with the participation of the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP and includes those policies and procedures that:

Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company’s assets;
Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that the Company’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company’s management and directors; and
Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
As of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company’s management evaluated, with the participation of its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. This evaluation was conducted using the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission 2013. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s management concluded that its internal control over financial reporting was effective as of June 30, 2020.

44


Pursuant to the rules of the SEC, the Company’s management’s report on internal control over financial reporting is furnished with this Annual Report on Form 10-K and shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding the Company's internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s management’s report on internal control over financial reporting was not subject to attestation by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permits the Company to provide only the Company’s management’s report on internal control over financial reporting in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our fourth fiscal quarter of 2020 that would have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION
None

PART III.



45


ITEM 10 DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Item 10 will be provided by incorporating the information required under such item by reference to the Company’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K annual report, or, alternatively, by amendment to this Form 10-K annual report under cover of Form 10-K/A no later than the end of such 120-day period.

ITEM 11.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Item 11 will be provided by incorporating the information required under such item by reference to the Company’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K annual report, or, alternatively, by amendment to this Form 10-K annual report under cover of Form 10-K/A no later than the end of such 120-day period.

ITEM 12.
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
Item 12 will be provided by incorporating the information required under such item by reference to the Company’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K annual report, or, alternatively, by amendment to this Form 10-K annual report under cover of Form 10-K/A no later than the end of such 120-day period.

ITEM 13.
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
Item 13 will be provided by incorporating the information required under such item by reference to the Company’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K annual report, or, alternatively, by amendment to this Form 10-K annual report under cover of Form 10-K/A no later than the end of such 120-day period.

ITEM 14.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
Item 14 will be provided by incorporating the information required under such item by reference to the Company’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K annual report, or, alternatively, by amendment to this Form 10-K annual report under cover of Form 10-K/A no later than the end of such 120-day period.


ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
1.
Documents Filed as Part of This Annual Report on Form 10-K:
a.
Financial Statements
The following consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and 2018
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
2.
Financial Statement Schedules
All other schedules have been omitted because the required information is not applicable or the information is included in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements or the related Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
3.
EXHIBITS
The following is a list of exhibits filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, where so indicated by footnote, exhibits that were previously filed, are incorporated by reference. For exhibits incorporated by reference, the location of the exhibit in the previous filing is indicated parenthetically, followed by the footnote reference to the previous filing.

3.1

(a)
Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company. (8)
 
 
 
 
(b)
Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 28, 2001 between Escalon Pennsylvania, Inc. and Escalon Medical Corp. (8)
 
(c)
Statement with respect to shares dated February 15, 2018. (18)
3.2

 
Bylaws of Registrant. (8)
4.6

 
Description of Securities
10.6

 
Employment Agreement between the Company and Richard J. DePiano dated May 12, 1998. (6)**
 
 
 
10.7

 
Non-Exclusive Distributorship Agreement between Company and Scott Medical Products dated October 12, 2000. (9)
 
 
 
10.13

 
Supply Agreement between the Company and Bausch & Lomb Surgical, Inc. dated August 13, 1999. (5)
 
 
 
10.29

 
Company’s amended and restated 1999 Equity Incentive Plan. (13) **


46


 
 
10.33

Manufacturing Supply and Distribution Agreement between Sonomed, Inc. and Ophthalmic Technologies, Inc. dated as of March 11, 2004. (15)
 
 
10.34

Supplemental Executive Retirement Benefit Agreement for Richard DePiano dated June 23, 2005. (16)**
 
 
10.35

Settlement Agreement with Intralase Corp, dated February 27, 2008 (4).
 
 
10.36

Vascular Access Sales Agreement with Vascular Solutions, Inc. dated April 28, 2010 (17)
10.37

2013 Equity Incentive Plan dated December 27, 2013 incorporate by reference.

10.38

Debt Exchange Agreement as of February 14, 2018 (18)
10.39

Business Loan Agreement with TD Bank, N.A. dated June 29, 2018. (19)
10.40

Promissory Note dated June 29, 2018 between the Company and TD Bank N.A. (19)
10.41

Agreement of Deposit Account dated June 29, 2018 between the Company and TD Bank N.A. (19)
21

Subsidiaries. (11)
 
 
23.1

31.1

 
 
31.2

 
 
32.1

 
 
32.2


*
Filed herewith
**
Management contract of compensatory plan
 
 
(1)
Filed as an exhibit to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 dated November 9, 1993 (Registration No. 33-69360).
(2)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-KSB for the year ended June 30, 1994.
(3)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-KSB for the year ended June 30, 1995.
(4)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K dated February 27, 2008.
(5)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-KSB for the year ended June 30, 1999.
(6)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K/A, dated March 31, 2000
(7)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form s-* dated February 25, 2000 (Registration No. 333-31138).
(8)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, as filed by the Company with the SEC on September 21, 2001.
(9)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-KSB for the year ended June 30, 2001.
(10)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2001.
(11)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-KSB/A for the year ended June 30, 2002.
(12)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2002.
(13)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2003.
(14)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 dated April 8, 2004 (Registration No. 333-114332).
(15)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2004.
(16)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K, dated June 23, 2005.
(17)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K, dated May 6, 2010.
(18)
Filed as an exhibit to the Company's Form 8-K, dated February 15, 2018
(19)
Filed as exhibit to the Company's Form 8-K dated July 6, 2018



47


Signatures
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
Escalon Medical Corp.
 
 
 
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/  Richard J. DePiano, Jr.
 
 
 
      Richard J. DePiano, Jr.
      Chief Executive Officer
Dated: September 28, 2020
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/  Richard J. DePiano, Jr.