485APOS 1 smid485a.htm Untitled Document

Registration Nos. 033-32859/811-5986

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM N-1A

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933   /X/

      

 Post-Effective Amendment No. 37     /X/

and/or

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 /X/

 Amendment No. 38      /X/

T. ROWE PRICE INDEX TRUST, INC.

Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter

100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Address of Principal Executive Offices

410-345-2000
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

David Oestreicher

100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Name and Address of Agent for Service

Approximate Date of Proposed Public Offering October 30, 2015

 It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box):

// Immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)

// 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

/X/ 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485

 If appropriate, check the following box:

// This post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment.


SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Registration Statement of the T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. (the “Registrant”) on Form N-1A (File Nos.: 033-32859/811-5986) is hereby amended under the Securities Act of 1933 to add two new series and two new classes.


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 
  

October 28, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Mid-Cap Index Fund

An index fund seeking to match the performance of the mid-cap U.S. stock market. The fund is not available for direct purchase by the public.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Mid-Cap Index Fund 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 5

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 10

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 17

Administrative Fee Payments 21

Account Service Fee 21

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 23

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 25

Investment Policies and Practices 27

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 32


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of mid-capitalization U.S. stocks.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

  

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.12%

  

Other expenses

5.38%a

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

5.50%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(5.18)%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.32%b

a Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

b T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed (through April 30, 2018) to waive its fees and/or bear any expenses (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses and acquired fund fees) that would cause the fund’s ratio of expenses to average daily net assets to exceed 0.32%. Termination of the agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors. Fees waived and expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund whenever the fund’s expense ratio is below 0.32%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the waiver or payment, or if it would result in the expense ratio exceeding 0.32% (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses and acquired fund fees).

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. The figures have been adjusted to reflect fee waivers or expense reimbursements only in the periods for which the expense limitation arrangement is expected to continue. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

  

1 year

3 years

$33

$384

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance. A portfolio


  

T. Rowe Price

2

turnover rate is not shown since the fund had not commenced operations during its most recent fiscal year.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund attempts to match the investment return of mid-capitalization U.S. stocks by seeking to match the performance of the Russell Select Midcap Completion Index (“benchmark index”). The fund seeks to employ a full replication strategy, which involves investing substantially all of its assets in all of the stocks in the benchmark index and seeking to maintain holdings of each stock in proportion to its weight in the index.

Under normal conditions, the fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in mid-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the benchmark index. As of May 31, 2015, the market capitalization range for the benchmark index was approximately $264 million to $41.1 billion. T. Rowe Price compares the composition of the fund to that of the index. If a material misweighting develops, the portfolio manager seeks to rebalance the portfolio in an effort to realign the fund with the index.

The Russell Select Midcap Completion Index, which is constructed by the Russell Investment Group, is a mid-cap stock index designed to measure the performance of the mid-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes approximately 500 mid-cap U.S. securities based on market capitalization without consideration to a growth or value style valuation. The index is generally constructed by including all of the stocks in the Russell 1000 Index except for those also represented in the S&P 500 Index, and is reconstituted periodically to ensure larger or smaller stocks do not distort the performance and characteristics of the mid-cap opportunity set.

While most assets will be invested in common stocks, the fund may also purchase stock index futures contracts. Futures would typically be used to reduce cash balances in the fund and increase the level of fund assets exposed to common stocks represented in the fund’s benchmark index, or as an efficient means of gaining mid-cap stock exposure.

While there is no guarantee, the correlation between the fund and its benchmark index is expected to be at least 0.95. A correlation of 1.00 indicates that the returns of the fund and the index will always move in the same direction (but not necessarily by the same amount). A correlation of 0.00 would mean price movements in the fund are unrelated to movements in the index.

The fund may sell securities to better align its portfolio with the characteristics of its benchmark index or to satisfy redemption requests. However, the fund is not required to sell specific securities that have been removed from the index.

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose


  

Summary

3

money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Risks of stock investing Stocks generally fluctuate in value more than bonds and may decline significantly over short time periods. There is a chance that stock prices overall will decline because stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising and falling prices. The value of a stock in which the fund invests may decline due to general weakness in the stock market or because of factors that affect a particular company or industry.

Market capitalization risk Investing primarily in issuers within the same market capitalization category carries the risk that the category may be out of favor due to current market conditions or investor sentiment. Because the fund invests primarily in securities issued by mid-cap companies, it is likely to be more volatile than a fund that focuses on securities issued by large companies. Medium-sized companies typically have less seasoned management, narrower product lines, and less capital reserves and liquidity than larger companies, and are therefore more sensitive to economic, market, and industry changes.

Index investing risk Because the fund is passively managed and seeks to match the performance of its benchmark index, holdings are generally not reallocated based on changes in market conditions or outlook for a specific security, industry, or market sector. As a result, the fund’s performance may lag the performance of actively managed funds.

Tracking error The returns of the fund are expected to be slightly below the returns of its benchmark index (referred to as “tracking error”) because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses while the index has no fees or expenses. The risk of tracking error is increased to the extent the fund is unable to fully replicate its benchmark index, which could result from changes in the composition of the index or the timing of purchases and redemptions of fund shares.

Futures risk The fund’s use of stock index futures exposes it to potential volatility and losses greater than direct investments in the contract’s underlying assets. The values of the fund’s positions in index futures will fluctuate in response to changes in the value of the underlying index, which exposes the fund to the risk that the underlying index will not move in a direction that is favorable to the fund. Since losses could result from market movement, the fund may need to sell other portfolio securities at disadvantageous times in order to meet daily margin requirements. The futures markets may experience reduced liquidity, which could result in losses to the fund and cause the fund to be unable to settle its futures positions.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.

Current performance information may be obtained by calling 1-800-638-8790.


  

T. Rowe Price

4

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Ken D. Uematsu

Chairman of Investment

Advisory Committee

2015

1997

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund is not available for direct purchase by members of the public. All investments in the fund must be made by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliated investment advisers on behalf of mutual funds, 529 plans, or other institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority.

There is no minimum amount required for initial or subsequent purchases. Shares of the fund may be purchased, redeemed, or exchanged on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business.

Tax Information

Any dividends or capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

The fund is not publicly available or held through intermediaries. As a result, the fund and its investment adviser do not pay broker-dealers or other financial intermediaries for sales or related services of the fund’s shares.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

The following policies and procedures apply generally to all Investor Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds. Please note that the fund is not available for direct purchase by the public and may not be held through financial intermediaries. As a result, policies relating to holding shares through an intermediary do not apply to the fund, and the fund does not make administrative fee payments to intermediaries or charge an account service fee.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for the funds is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other


  

T. Rowe Price

6

situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. For a fund that has investments in securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the fund does not price its shares, the fund’s net asset value may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem the fund’s shares. The fund uses outside pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

If your request is received by T. Rowe Price in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. To ensure that your request is submitted in correct form, please refer to “Account Requirements and Transaction Information” in Section 4. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value.

The funds generally do not accept orders that request a particular day or price for a transaction or any other special conditions.

Fund shares may be purchased through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. Where authorized by a fund, orders will be priced at the net asset value next computed after receipt by the intermediary. Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

7

for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value. Under certain conditions, a money fund may accept and process purchase and redemption orders beyond the close of the New York Stock Exchange on days that the New York Stock Exchange closes early and does not reopen, and may accept orders on a business day that the New York Stock Exchange is unexpectedly closed.

How You Can Receive the Proceeds From a Sale

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed to you by check or sent electronically to your bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, your proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive your redemption request. Under certain limited circumstances, the Board of Directors/Trustees of a money fund may elect to suspend redemptions and postpone payment of redemption proceeds in order to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the money fund.

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of


  

T. Rowe Price

8

a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Africa & Middle East

2%

90 days or less

Asia Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Credit Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Diversified Small-Cap Growth

1%

90 days or less

Emerging Europe

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500

0.5%

90 days or less

European Stock

2%

90 days or less

Extended Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Floating Rate

2%

90 days or less

Global Growth Stock

2%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond

2%

90 days or less

Global Real Estate

2%

90 days or less

Global Stock

2%

90 days or less

High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

International Bond

2%

90 days or less

International Concentrated Equity

2%

90 days or less

International Discovery

2%

90 days or less

International Equity Index

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income

2%

90 days or less

International Stock

2%

90 days or less

Japan

2%

90 days or less

Latin America

2%

90 days or less

New Asia

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets

2%

90 days or less

Real Estate

1%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value

1%

90 days or less

Spectrum International

2%

90 days or less


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Tax-Efficient Equity

1%

less than 365 days

Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Total Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

U.S. Bond Enhanced Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For a fund with a 365-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold before the end of the required holding period. For funds with a 90-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);


  

T. Rowe Price

10

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;

· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to identify intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts and to enter into agreements requiring the intermediary to assess the redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

11

order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested may be paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House or may be automatically invested into another fund account. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Money funds

· Purchases received by T. Rowe Price by noon ET via wire begin to earn dividends on that day. Other shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.


  

T. Rowe Price

12

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

These stock funds only:

· Balanced

· Dividend Growth

· Equity Income

· Equity Index 500

· Global Real Estate

· Growth & Income

· Personal Strategy Balanced

· Personal Strategy Income

· Real Estate

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Other stock funds

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Retirement, Spectrum, and Target Retirement Funds:

 

· Retirement Balanced and
Spectrum Income

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond and money fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends as the information previously described may vary.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

13

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.

Capital gain payments are not expected from money funds, which are managed to maintain a constant share price.

Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

Additional information about the taxation of dividends for certain T. Rowe Price funds is listed below:

 

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Regular monthly dividends (including those from the state-specific tax-free funds) are expected to be exempt from federal income taxes.

· Exemption is not guaranteed, since the fund has the right under certain conditions to invest in nonexempt securities.

· Tax-exempt dividends paid to Social Security recipients may increase the portion of benefits that is subject to tax.

· For state-specific funds, the monthly dividends you receive are expected to be exempt from state and local income tax of that particular state. For other funds, a small portion of your income dividend may be exempt from state and local income taxes.

· If a fund invests in certain “private activity” bonds that are not exempt from the alternative minimum tax, shareholders who are subject to the alternative minimum tax must include income generated by those bonds in their alternative minimum tax calculation. Private activity bonds issued in 2009 and 2010, and refunding bonds issued in 2009 and 2010 to refund private activity bonds that were issued from the beginning of 2004 to the end of 2008, are exempt from the alternative minimum tax. The portion of a fund’s income dividend that should be included in your alternative minimum tax calculation, if any, will be reported to you by mid-February on Form 1099-DIV.


  

T. Rowe Price

14

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the
121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the Global Real Estate Fund, Real Estate Fund, or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock funds or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, new tax regulations require us to
report the cost basis information to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

15

intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

The tax status of certain distributions may be recharacterized on year-end tax forms, such as your Form 1099-DIV. Distributions made by a fund may later be recharacterized for federal income tax purposes—for example, from taxable ordinary income dividends to returns of capital, which are generally nontaxable but reduce your tax basis in the fund’s shares. A recharacterization of distributions may occur for


  

T. Rowe Price

16

a number of reasons, including the recharacterization of income received from underlying investments, such as real estate investment trusts (REITs), and distributions that exceed taxable income due to losses from foreign currency transactions or other investment transactions. Certain funds, including international bond funds and funds that invest significantly in REITs, are more likely to recharacterize a portion of their distributions as a result of their investments.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

The following table provides additional details on distributions for certain funds:

 

Taxes on Fund Distributions

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Gains realized on the sale of market discount bonds with maturities beyond one year may be treated as ordinary income and cannot be offset by other capital losses.

· Payments received or gains realized on certain derivative transactions may result in taxable ordinary income or capital gains.

· To the extent the fund makes such investments, the likelihood of a taxable distribution will be increased.

Inflation Protected Bond Fund

· Inflation adjustments on Treasury inflation-protected securities that exceed deflation adjustments for the year will be distributed as a short-term capital gain resulting in ordinary income.

· In computing the distribution amount, the fund cannot reduce inflation adjustments by short- or long-term capital losses from the sales of securities.

· Net deflation adjustments for a year may result in all or a portion of dividends paid earlier in the year being treated as a return of capital. 

Retirement, Spectrum, and Target Retirement Funds

· Distributions by the underlying funds and changes in asset allocations may result in taxable distributions of ordinary income or capital gains.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

17

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If you pay with a check or Automated Clearing House transfer that does not clear or if your payment is not received in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. You will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent, and the fund can redeem shares you own in this or another identically registered T. Rowe Price account as reimbursement. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If you sell shares that you just purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process your redemption but will generally delay sending you the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through your paycheck.)


  

T. Rowe Price

18

Telephone and Online Account Transactions You may access your account and conduct transactions using the telephone or the T. Rowe Price website. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs and risks (for example, market risks until the securities are disposed of).

Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

19

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the


  

T. Rowe Price

20

intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price may contact the intermediary and may request personal identifying information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

Due to the relatively high cost to a fund of maintaining small accounts, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1,000 ($10,000 for Summit Funds). If, for any reason, your balance is below this amount for three months or longer, we have the right to redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. This could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

You may need to have your signature guaranteed in certain situations, such as:


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

21

· Written requests: (1) to redeem over $100,000 or (2) to wire redemption proceeds when prior bank account authorization is not on file.

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file.

· Transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours.

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.

ADMINISTRATIVE FEE PAYMENTS 

The funds may make payments to retirement plan recordkeepers, broker-dealers, and other financial intermediaries (at a rate of up to 0.15% of average daily net assets per year) for transfer agency, recordkeeping, and other administrative services that they provide on behalf of the funds. These administrative services may include services such as maintaining account records for each customer; transmitting net purchase and redemption orders; delivering shareholder confirmations, statements, and tax forms; and providing support to respond to customers’ questions regarding their accounts. These payments are reflected in the “Other expenses” line that appears in a fund’s fee table in Section 1.

ACCOUNT SERVICE FEE 

In an effort to help offset the disproportionately high costs incurred by the funds in connection with servicing lower-balance accounts, an annual $20 account service fee (paid to T. Rowe Price Services, Inc., or one of its affiliates) is charged to certain fund accounts with a balance below $10,000. The determination of whether a fund account is subject to the account service fee is based on account balances and services selected for accounts as of the last business day of August. The fee will be charged to an account with a balance below $10,000 for any reason, including market fluctuation and recent redemptions. The fee, which is automatically deducted from an account by redeeming fund shares, is typically charged to accounts in early


  

T. Rowe Price

22

September each calendar year. Such redemption may result in a taxable gain or loss to you.

The account service fee generally does not apply to fund accounts that are held through an intermediary, participant accounts in employer-sponsored retirement plans for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services, or money funds that are used as a T. Rowe Price Brokerage sweep account. Regardless of a particular fund account’s balance on the last business day of August, the account service fee is automatically waived for accounts that satisfy any of the following conditions:

· Any accounts for which the shareholder has elected to receive electronic delivery of all of the following: account statements, transaction confirmations, prospectuses, and shareholder reports;

· Any accounts of a shareholder with at least $50,000 in total assets with T. Rowe Price (for this purpose, total assets includes investments in T. Rowe Price mutual funds, except for those held through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services; T. Rowe Price Brokerage; and T. Rowe Price variable annuities); or

· Any accounts of a shareholder who is a T. Rowe Price Preferred Services, Personal Services, or Enhanced Personal Services client (enrollment in these programs generally requires T. Rowe Price assets of at least $100,000—visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-537-1098 for more information).

T. Rowe Price reserves the right to authorize additional waivers for other types of accounts or to modify the conditions for assessment of the account service fee. Fund shares held in a T. Rowe Price individual retirement account, Education Savings Account, or small business retirement plan account (including certain 403(b) plan accounts) are subject to the account service fee and may be subject to additional administrative fees when distributing all fund shares from such accounts.


   

More About the Fund

 

3

  
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1989. Currently, the corporation consists of five series. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions. For funds with multiple share classes, the income dividends for each share class will generally differ from those of other share classes to the extent that the expense ratios of the classes differ.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of material changes to the fund’s management contract.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold regularly scheduled shareholder meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, shareholder meetings are only held when certain matters, such as changes in fundamental policies or elections of directors, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The


  

T. Rowe Price

24

Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price—specifically by the fund’s portfolio manager.

Investment Adviser

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of June 30, 2015, the Firm had approximately $773 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairman has day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and works with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Ken D. Uematsu, chairman, E. Frederick Bair, Neil Smith, Craig A. Thiese, and Michael T. Wehn. The following information provides the year that the chairman first joined the Firm and the chairman’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairman may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Uematsu has been chairman of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. He joined the Firm in 1997 and his investment experience dates from that time. He has served as a portfolio manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager, and the portfolio manager’s ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

The fund pays T. Rowe Price an annual investment management fee of 0.12% based on the fund’s average daily net assets. The fund calculates and accrues the fee daily.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price or its agent provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services.


  

More About the Fund

25

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because index funds generally are passively managed, their expenses tend to be lower than the average actively managed fund. In addition, lower turnover should result in smaller capital gain distributions, which can help to increase a fund’s after-tax returns.

Index funds are managed to track the return of a particular benchmark. Since fewer resources are devoted to researching stocks or bonds, and portfolio turnover (the buying and selling of securities) tends to be low, an index fund typically incurs lower costs than the average stock or bond fund. The typical stock or bond fund is actively managed, meaning the portfolio manager makes purchase and sell decisions based on a particular security’s prospects in pursuit of the fund’s investment objective. In addition, index funds are almost entirely invested in stocks or bonds while actively managed funds often hold cash for strategic and defensive purposes.

Since the fund is passively managed and seeks to remain fully invested at all times, assets will not be shifted from one stock or group of stocks to another based on their prospects, or from stocks into bonds or cash equivalents in an attempt to cushion the impact of a market decline. Therefore, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.

The fund is designed to track a specific segment of the U.S. stock market—whether it is rising or falling. Markets as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling.

The fund attempts to track the mid-cap U.S. stock market by investing substantially all of its assets in proportion to the stocks represented in the Russell Select Midcap Completion Index.

Frank Russell Company is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Russell Investment Group. The fund is not promoted, sponsored or endorsed by, nor in any way affiliated with Russell Investment Group (“Russell”). Russell is not responsible for and has not reviewed the fund’s prospectus nor any associated literature or publications and Russell makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, as to their accuracy, or completeness, or otherwise.

Russell reserves the right, at any time and without notice, to alter, amend, terminate or in any way changes the Russell Indexes. Russell has no obligation to take the needs of any particular fund or its participants or any other product or person into consideration in determining, composing or calculating any of the Russell Indexes.

While most of the fund’s assets will be invested in common stocks represented in the fund’s index, the fund also purchases stock index futures contracts. Investments in


  

T. Rowe Price

26

futures typically serve as a tool to manage cash flows into and out of the fund and maintain liquidity while being invested in the market, and may be used as an efficient means of gaining exposure to all or part of the fund’s index.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

As with all equity funds, this fund’s share price can fall because of weakness in the broad market, a particular industry, or specific holdings. The market as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social, or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. The prospects for an industry or company may deteriorate because of a variety of factors, including disappointing earnings or changes in the competitive environment. Also, the fund’s investment approach could fall out of favor with the investing public, resulting in lagging performance versus other types of stock funds.

The stocks of mid-cap companies entail greater risk and are usually more volatile than the shares of larger companies. However, by being more focused in their business activities, these companies may be more responsive and better able to adapt to the changing needs of their markets than large companies. Mid-cap companies also tend to have greater resources, and therefore represent less risk, than small companies. They are usually mature enough to have established organizational structures and the depth of management needed to expand their operations. In addition, they generally have sufficient financial resources and access to capital to finance their growth.

The fund is susceptible to some degree of tracking error, meaning the fund’s returns are likely to be slightly below those of its index because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses, while the index has no fees or expenses. The timing of cash flows and a fund’s size can also influence returns. For example, a fund’s failure to reach a certain asset size may limit its ability to purchase all the stocks in the index and achieve full replication. Or, a large cash flow into or out of a fund may cause its return to deviate from the index.

Risks related to the fund’s use of futures contracts include possible illiquidity of the futures markets, contract prices that can be volatile and imperfectly correlated to movements in underlying security values, and potential losses in excess of the fund’s initial investment.

The risk of loss in trading futures contracts can be substantial because of the low margin deposits required and the potential volatility of the futures markets. A relatively small price movement in an open futures position could result in immediate and substantial loss (or gain) for the fund. In the event of adverse price movements, the fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments to


  

More About the Fund

27

maintain its required margin. In such situations, if the fund has insufficient cash reserves, it may have to sell portfolio securities to meet daily margin requirements at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. Futures contracts may be closed out only on an exchange that provides a secondary market for such products and many futures exchanges limit the amount of fluctuation permitted in futures contract prices during a single trading day. As a result, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for any particular futures product at any specific time and the fund could suffer losses if it is unable to close out a futures position.

Additional strategies and risks From time to time, other strategies may be employed that are not considered part of the fund’s principal investment strategies. The fund may occasionally purchase exchange-traded funds for various reasons such as to help realign the fund’s portfolio in proportion to its benchmark index or minimize any deviations in performance from its benchmark index, gain broad market or sector exposure while awaiting the purchase of underlying securities, or to limit the fund’s cash reserves. To the extent the fund invests in exchange-traded funds, the fund will bear its proportionate share of each exchange-traded fund’s fees and expenses. An investment in an exchange-traded fund involves substantially the same risks as investing directly in the exchange-traded fund’s underlying assets, although an exchange-traded fund may have greater price volatility than its underlying assets and its shares may be less liquid.

The fund may, to a limited extent, invest in other derivatives, such as options, that are consistent with its investment program. The use of derivatives exposes the fund to additional risks that are different from, and potentially greater than, investments in more traditional securities. Derivatives may not move in the direction anticipated by the portfolio manager and the fund could be exposed to significant losses if a counterparty fails to meet its obligations under the contract, although counterparty risk related to exchange-traded derivatives, such as options and futures contracts, is minimal because the exchange’s clearinghouse provides protection against defaults.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio


  

T. Rowe Price

28

management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to normally invest at least 80% of its net assets in mid-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the fund’s benchmark index.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. For instance, there are limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have a significantly greater impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made (this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy or liquidity policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

The fund must invest at least 80% of net assets in securities that make up its benchmark index.


  

More About the Fund

29

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund.

Industry Concentration As a fundamental policy, the fund will not invest more than 25% of total assets (concentrate) in any single industry except to the extent the fund’s benchmark index concentrates in that industry.

Fund investments are primarily in common stocks and, to a lesser degree, other types of securities as described as follows:

Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stocks have a specified dividend rate and rank after bonds and before common stocks in their claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. Unlike common stock, preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Futures and Options

Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in securities prices, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; and to serve as a cash management tool. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.


  

T. Rowe Price

30

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options. Investments in futures and options will not exceed 20% of the fund’s total assets.

Hybrid Instruments

Hybrid instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount, redemption, or conversion terms of a security could be related to the market price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index. Such instruments may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility if an active trading market does not exist.

As a shareholder of another investment company, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.


  

More About the Fund

31

Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets. The 15% limit on illiquid securities applies at the time of purchase and continues thereafter.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

The fund may hold a certain portion of its assets in cash or cash equivalents. The fund’s reserve position can consist of shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund and U.S. and non-U.S. dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements rated in the two highest rating categories that mature in one year or less. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. In order to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions, the fund may assume a temporary defensive position that is inconsistent with its principal investment objective and/or strategies and may invest, without limitation, in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to meet its obligations. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.


  

T. Rowe Price

32

Lending of Portfolio Securities

A fund may lend its securities to broker-dealers, other institutions, or other persons to earn additional income. Risks include the potential insolvency of the broker-dealer or other borrower that could result in delays in recovering securities and capital losses. Additionally, losses could result from the reinvestment of collateral received on loaned securities in investments that default or do not perform as well as expected.

Fundamental policy The value of loaned securities may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the initial period of operations may exceed 100%.

DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six


  

More About the Fund

33

months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, call your T. Rowe Price Client Service Professional. These documents are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

100 East Pratt Street

Baltimore, MD 21202

1940 Act File No. 811-5986     TBD 10/28/15


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 
  

October 28, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Mid-Cap Index Fund—I Class

An index fund seeking to match the performance of the mid-cap U.S. stock market. The fund is not available for direct purchase by the public.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Mid-Cap Index Fund—I Class 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 5

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 10

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 15

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 20

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 22

Investment Policies and Practices 25

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 29


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of mid-capitalization U.S. stocks.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund’s I Class

  

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.12%

  

Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.00%

  

Other expenses

5.28%a,b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

5.40%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(5.23)%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.17%b

a Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

b Through April 30, 2018, T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed to pay the operating expenses of the fund’s I Class excluding management fees; interest; expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage; nonrecurring, extraordinary expenses; and acquired fund fees and expenses (“I Class Operating Expenses”), to the extent the I Class Operating Expenses exceed 0.05% of the class’ average daily net assets. Any expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T.  Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund or class whenever the fund’s I Class Operating Expenses are below 0.05%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the payment of the I Class Operating Expenses or if such reimbursement would cause the fund’s I Class Operating Expenses to exceed 0.05%. Termination of this agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors.

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. The figures have been adjusted to reflect fee waivers or expense reimbursements only in the periods for which the expense limitation arrangement is expected to continue. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

  

1 year

3 years

$17

$339

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover


  

T. Rowe Price

2

rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance. A portfolio turnover rate is not shown since the fund had not commenced operations during its most recent fiscal year.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund attempts to match the investment return of mid-capitalization U.S. stocks by seeking to match the performance of the Russell Select Midcap Completion Index (“benchmark index”). The fund seeks to employ a full replication strategy, which involves investing substantially all of its assets in all of the stocks in the benchmark index and seeking to maintain holdings of each stock in proportion to its weight in the index.

Under normal conditions, the fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in mid-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the benchmark index. As of May 31, 2015, the market capitalization range for the benchmark index was approximately $264 million to $41.1 billion. T. Rowe Price compares the composition of the fund to that of the index. If a material misweighting develops, the portfolio manager seeks to rebalance the portfolio in an effort to realign the fund with the index.

The Russell Select Midcap Completion Index, which is constructed by the Russell Investment Group, is a mid-cap stock index designed to measure the performance of the mid-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes approximately 500 mid-cap U.S. securities based on market capitalization without consideration to a growth or value style valuation. The index is generally constructed by including all of the stocks in the Russell 1000 Index except for those also represented in the S&P 500 Index, and is reconstituted periodically to ensure larger or smaller stocks do not distort the performance and characteristics of the mid-cap opportunity set.

While most assets will be invested in common stocks, the fund may also purchase stock index futures contracts. Futures would typically be used to reduce cash balances in the fund and increase the level of fund assets exposed to common stocks represented in the fund’s benchmark index, or as an efficient means of gaining mid-cap stock exposure.

While there is no guarantee, the correlation between the fund and its benchmark index is expected to be at least 0.95. A correlation of 1.00 indicates that the returns of the fund and the index will always move in the same direction (but not necessarily by the same amount). A correlation of 0.00 would mean price movements in the fund are unrelated to movements in the index.

The fund may sell securities to better align its portfolio with the characteristics of its benchmark index or to satisfy redemption requests. However, the fund is not required to sell specific securities that have been removed from the index.


  

Summary

3

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Risks of stock investing Stocks generally fluctuate in value more than bonds and may decline significantly over short time periods. There is a chance that stock prices overall will decline because stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising and falling prices. The value of a stock in which the fund invests may decline due to general weakness in the stock market or because of factors that affect a particular company or industry.

Market capitalization risk Investing primarily in issuers within the same market capitalization category carries the risk that the category may be out of favor due to current market conditions or investor sentiment. Because the fund invests primarily in securities issued by mid-cap companies, it is likely to be more volatile than a fund that focuses on securities issued by large companies. Medium-sized companies typically have less seasoned management, narrower product lines, and less capital reserves and liquidity than larger companies, and are therefore more sensitive to economic, market, and industry changes.

Index investing risk Because the fund is passively managed and seeks to match the performance of its benchmark index, holdings are generally not reallocated based on changes in market conditions or outlook for a specific security, industry, or market sector. As a result, the fund’s performance may lag the performance of actively managed funds.

Tracking error The returns of the fund are expected to be slightly below the returns of its benchmark index (referred to as “tracking error”) because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses while the index has no fees or expenses. The risk of tracking error is increased to the extent the fund is unable to fully replicate its benchmark index, which could result from changes in the composition of the index or the timing of purchases and redemptions of fund shares.

Futures risk The fund’s use of stock index futures exposes it to potential volatility and losses greater than direct investments in the contract’s underlying assets. The values of the fund’s positions in index futures will fluctuate in response to changes in the value of the underlying index, which exposes the fund to the risk that the underlying index will not move in a direction that is favorable to the fund. Since losses could result from market movement, the fund may need to sell other portfolio securities at disadvantageous times in order to meet daily margin requirements. The futures markets may experience reduced liquidity, which could result in losses to the fund and cause the fund to be unable to settle its futures positions.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.


  

T. Rowe Price

4

Current performance information may be obtained by calling 1-800-638-8790.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Ken D. Uematsu

Chairman of Investment

Advisory Committee

2015

1997

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund is not available for direct purchase by members of the public. All investments in the fund must be made by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliated investment advisers on behalf of mutual funds, 529 plans, or other institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority.

The fund’s I Class generally requires a $1,000,000 minimum initial investment and there is no minimum amount required for subsequent purchases. Shares of the fund may be purchased, redeemed, or exchanged on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business.

Tax Information

Any dividends or capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

The fund is not publicly available or held through intermediaries. As a result, the fund and its investment adviser do not pay broker-dealers or other financial intermediaries for sales or related services of the fund’s shares.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

The following policies and procedures apply generally to all I Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds. Please note that the fund is not available for direct purchase by the public and may not be held through financial intermediaries. As a result, policies relating to holding shares through an intermediary do not apply to the fund.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for each share class of a fund is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and each class’ proportionate share of the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors and methodologies that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other


  

T. Rowe Price

6

situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. For a fund that has investments in securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the fund does not price its shares, the fund’s net asset value may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem the fund’s shares. The fund uses various pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

I Class shares may be purchased directly from T. Rowe Price or through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price or its agent in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. To ensure that your request is submitted in correct form, please refer to “Account Requirements and Transaction Information” in Section 4. If your request is received after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value unless the fund has an agreement with your intermediary that permits the intermediary to accept orders on behalf of the fund until the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET). In such cases, if your order is received by the intermediary in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange and is transmitted to T. Rowe Price and paid for in accordance with the agreement, the transaction will be priced at the next net asset value computed after the intermediary received your order. If the fund does not have an agreement with your intermediary, T. Rowe Price must receive the request in correct form from your intermediary by the close of the New York Stock Exchange in order for your transaction to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

7

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

How Proceeds Are Received

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If you invest directly with T. Rowe Price and your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price or its agent on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed by check or sent electronically to a bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

If you invest through an intermediary, you must contact your intermediary about procedures for receiving your redemption proceeds. Normally, the fund transmits proceeds to intermediaries for redemption orders received in correct form on either the next or third business day after receipt, depending on the arrangement with the intermediary.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive a redemption request in good order.


  

T. Rowe Price

8

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price I Class Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Emerging Markets Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500—I Class

0.5%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

High Yield—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value—I Class

1%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. A redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;

· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to enter into agreements with intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts requiring the intermediary to assess the


  

T. Rowe Price

10

redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested may be paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House or may be automatically invested into another fund account. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

11

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Stock Funds:

 

· Equity Index 500

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends as the information previously described may vary.

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.


  

T. Rowe Price

12

Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the
121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the bond funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock or bond funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

13

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, tax regulations require cost basis information to be reported to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.


  

T. Rowe Price

14

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

The tax status of certain distributions may be recharacterized on year-end tax forms, such as your Form 1099-DIV. Distributions made by a fund may later be recharacterized for federal income tax purposes—for example, from taxable ordinary income dividends to returns of capital, which are generally nontaxable but reduce your tax basis in the fund’s shares. A recharacterization of distributions may occur for a number of reasons, including the recharacterization of income received from underlying investments, such as real estate investment trusts (REITs), and distributions that exceed taxable income due to losses from foreign currency transactions or other investment transactions. Certain funds, including international bond funds and funds that invest significantly in REITs, are more likely to recharacterize a portion of their distributions as a result of their investments.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

15

fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If the fund does not receive payment for an order in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. The shareholder (or intermediary) will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If shares are sold that were recently purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process the redemption but will generally delay sending the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through payroll deduction.)

Telephone Transactions You can only conduct transactions involving the I Class over the telephone or in writing. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about


  

T. Rowe Price

16

any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs and risks (for example, market risks until the securities are disposed of).

We also request that you give us at least three business days’ notice for any redemption of $2 million or more.

Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

17

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price may contact the intermediary and may request personal identifying


  

T. Rowe Price

18

information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

To keep operating expenses lower, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1 million. If your investment falls below $1 million (even if due to market depreciation), we have the right to convert your account to a different share class in the same fund with a higher expense ratio or redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. The redemption of your account could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

The shareholder or intermediary may need to obtain a signature guarantee in certain situations, such as:


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

19

· Written requests to redeem over $5 million;

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file, or transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours;

· Changing the account registration or broker-dealer of record for an account; and

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

Intermediaries should consult their T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services representative for specific requirements relating to their account. The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.


   

More About the Fund

 

3

  
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1989. Currently, the corporation consists of five series. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives. In 2015, the fund issued a separate class of shares known as the I Class.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions. For funds with multiple share classes, the income dividends for each share class will generally differ from those of other share classes to the extent that the expense ratios of the classes differ.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of material changes to the fund’s management contract. Shareholders of each class have exclusive voting rights on matters affecting only that class.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold regularly scheduled shareholder meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, shareholder meetings are only held when certain matters, such as changes in fundamental policies or elections of directors, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.


  

More About the Fund

21

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price—specifically by the fund’s portfolio manager.

Investment Adviser

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of June 30, 2015, the Firm had approximately $773 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairman has day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and works with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Ken D. Uematsu, chairman, E. Frederick Bair, Neil Smith, Craig A. Thiese, and Michael T. Wehn. The following information provides the year that the chairman first joined the Firm and the chairman’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairman may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Uematsu has been chairman of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. He joined the Firm in 1997 and his investment experience dates from that time. He has served as a portfolio manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager, and the portfolio manager’s ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

The fund pays T. Rowe Price an annual investment management fee of 0.12% based on the fund’s average daily net assets. The fund calculates and accrues the fee daily.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.


  

T. Rowe Price

22

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price or its agent provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because index funds generally are passively managed, their expenses tend to be lower than the average actively managed fund. In addition, lower turnover should result in smaller capital gain distributions, which can help to increase a fund’s after-tax returns.

Index funds are managed to track the return of a particular benchmark. Since fewer resources are devoted to researching stocks or bonds, and portfolio turnover (the buying and selling of securities) tends to be low, an index fund typically incurs lower costs than the average stock or bond fund. The typical stock or bond fund is actively managed, meaning the portfolio manager makes purchase and sell decisions based on a particular security’s prospects in pursuit of the fund’s investment objective. In addition, index funds are almost entirely invested in stocks or bonds while actively managed funds often hold cash for strategic and defensive purposes.

Since the fund is passively managed and seeks to remain fully invested at all times, assets will not be shifted from one stock or group of stocks to another based on their prospects, or from stocks into bonds or cash equivalents in an attempt to cushion the impact of a market decline. Therefore, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.

The fund is designed to track a specific segment of the U.S. stock market—whether it is rising or falling. Markets as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling.

The fund attempts to track the mid-cap U.S. stock market by investing substantially all of its assets in proportion to the stocks represented in the Russell Select Midcap Completion Index.

Frank Russell Company is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Russell Investment Group. The fund is not promoted, sponsored or endorsed by, nor in any way affiliated with Russell Investment Group (“Russell”). Russell is not responsible for and has not reviewed the fund’s prospectus nor any associated literature or


  

More About the Fund

23

publications and Russell makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, as to their accuracy, or completeness, or otherwise.

Russell reserves the right, at any time and without notice, to alter, amend, terminate or in any way changes the Russell Indexes. Russell has no obligation to take the needs of any particular fund or its participants or any other product or person into consideration in determining, composing or calculating any of the Russell Indexes.

While most of the fund’s assets will be invested in common stocks represented in the fund’s index, the fund also purchases stock index futures contracts. Investments in futures typically serve as a tool to manage cash flows into and out of the fund and maintain liquidity while being invested in the market, and may be used as an efficient means of gaining exposure to all or part of the fund’s index.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

As with all equity funds, this fund’s share price can fall because of weakness in the broad market, a particular industry, or specific holdings. The market as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social, or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. The prospects for an industry or company may deteriorate because of a variety of factors, including disappointing earnings or changes in the competitive environment. Also, the fund’s investment approach could fall out of favor with the investing public, resulting in lagging performance versus other types of stock funds.

The stocks of mid-cap companies entail greater risk and are usually more volatile than the shares of larger companies. However, by being more focused in their business activities, these companies may be more responsive and better able to adapt to the changing needs of their markets than large companies. Mid-cap companies also tend to have greater resources, and therefore represent less risk, than small companies. They are usually mature enough to have established organizational structures and the depth of management needed to expand their operations. In addition, they generally have sufficient financial resources and access to capital to finance their growth.

The fund is susceptible to some degree of tracking error, meaning the fund’s returns are likely to be slightly below those of its index because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses, while the index has no fees or expenses. The timing of cash flows and a fund’s size can also influence returns. For example, a fund’s failure to reach a certain asset size may limit its ability to purchase all the stocks in the index and achieve full replication. Or, a large cash flow into or out of a fund may cause its return to deviate from the index.


  

T. Rowe Price

24

Risks related to the fund’s use of futures contracts include possible illiquidity of the futures markets, contract prices that can be volatile and imperfectly correlated to movements in underlying security values, and potential losses in excess of the fund’s initial investment.

The risk of loss in trading futures contracts can be substantial because of the low margin deposits required and the potential volatility of the futures markets. A relatively small price movement in an open futures position could result in immediate and substantial loss (or gain) for the fund. In the event of adverse price movements, the fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments to maintain its required margin. In such situations, if the fund has insufficient cash reserves, it may have to sell portfolio securities to meet daily margin requirements at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. Futures contracts may be closed out only on an exchange that provides a secondary market for such products and many futures exchanges limit the amount of fluctuation permitted in futures contract prices during a single trading day. As a result, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for any particular futures product at any specific time and the fund could suffer losses if it is unable to close out a futures position.

Additional strategies and risks From time to time, other strategies may be employed that are not considered part of the fund’s principal investment strategies. The fund may occasionally purchase exchange-traded funds for various reasons such as to help realign the fund’s portfolio in proportion to its benchmark index or minimize any deviations in performance from its benchmark index, gain broad market or sector exposure while awaiting the purchase of underlying securities, or to limit the fund’s cash reserves. To the extent the fund invests in exchange-traded funds, the fund will bear its proportionate share of each exchange-traded fund’s fees and expenses. An investment in an exchange-traded fund involves substantially the same risks as investing directly in the exchange-traded fund’s underlying assets, although an exchange-traded fund may have greater price volatility than its underlying assets and its shares may be less liquid.

The fund may, to a limited extent, invest in other derivatives, such as options, that are consistent with its investment program. The use of derivatives exposes the fund to additional risks that are different from, and potentially greater than, investments in more traditional securities. Derivatives may not move in the direction anticipated by the portfolio manager and the fund could be exposed to significant losses if a counterparty fails to meet its obligations under the contract, although counterparty risk related to exchange-traded derivatives, such as options and futures contracts, is minimal because the exchange’s clearinghouse provides protection against defaults.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.


  

More About the Fund

25

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to normally invest at least 80% of its net assets in mid-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the fund’s benchmark index.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. For instance, there are limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have a significantly greater impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made (this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy or liquidity policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.


  

T. Rowe Price

26

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

The fund must invest at least 80% of net assets in securities that make up its benchmark index.

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund.

Industry Concentration As a fundamental policy, the fund will not invest more than 25% of total assets (concentrate) in any single industry except to the extent the fund’s benchmark index concentrates in that industry.

Fund investments are primarily in common stocks and, to a lesser degree, other types of securities as described as follows:

Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stocks have a specified dividend rate and rank after bonds and before common stocks in their claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. Unlike common stock, preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Futures and Options

Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in securities prices, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or


  

More About the Fund

27

a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; and to serve as a cash management tool. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options. Investments in futures and options will not exceed 20% of the fund’s total assets.

Hybrid Instruments

Hybrid instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount, redemption, or conversion terms of a security could be related to the market price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index. Such instruments may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual


  

T. Rowe Price

28

net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility if an active trading market does not exist.

As a shareholder of another investment company, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.

Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets. The 15% limit on illiquid securities applies at the time of purchase and continues thereafter.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

The fund may hold a certain portion of its assets in cash or cash equivalents. The fund’s reserve position can consist of shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund and U.S. and non-U.S. dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements rated in the two highest rating categories that mature in one year or less. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. In order to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions, the fund may assume a temporary defensive position that is inconsistent with its principal investment objective and/or strategies and may invest, without limitation, in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to meet its obligations. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus and the


  

More About the Fund

29

Statement of Additional Information. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.

Lending of Portfolio Securities

A fund may lend its securities to broker-dealers, other institutions, or other persons to earn additional income. Risks include the potential insolvency of the broker-dealer or other borrower that could result in delays in recovering securities and capital losses. Additionally, losses could result from the reinvestment of collateral received on loaned securities in investments that default or do not perform as well as expected.

Fundamental policy The value of loaned securities may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the initial period of operations may exceed 100%.

DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be


  

T. Rowe Price

30

harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, call your T. Rowe Price Client Service Professional. These documents are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

100 East Pratt Street

Baltimore, MD 21202

1940 Act File No. 811-5986     TBD 10/28/15


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 
  

October 28, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Small-Cap Index Fund

An index fund seeking to match the performance of the small-cap U.S. stock market. The fund is not available for direct purchase by the public.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Small-Cap Index Fund 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 5

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 10

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 17

Administrative Fee Payments 21

Account Service Fee 21

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 23

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 25

Investment Policies and Practices 27

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 32


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of small-capitalization U.S. stocks.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

  

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.14%

  

Other expenses

5.38%a

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

5.52%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(5.18)%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.34%b

a Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

b T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed (through April 30, 2018) to waive its fees and/or bear any expenses (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses and acquired fund fees) that would cause the fund’s ratio of expenses to average daily net assets to exceed 0.34%. Termination of the agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors. Fees waived and expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund whenever the fund’s expense ratio is below 0.34%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the waiver or payment, or if it would result in the expense ratio exceeding 0.34% (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses and acquired fund fees).

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. The figures have been adjusted to reflect fee waivers or expense reimbursements only in the periods for which the expense limitation arrangement is expected to continue. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

  

1 year

3 years

$35

$390

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance. A portfolio


  

T. Rowe Price

2

turnover rate is not shown since the fund had not commenced operations during its most recent fiscal year.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund attempts to match the investment return of small-capitalization U.S. stocks by seeking to match the performance of the Russell 2000® Index (“benchmark index”). The fund seeks to employ a full replication strategy, which involves investing substantially all of its assets in all of the stocks in the benchmark index and seeking to maintain holdings of each stock in proportion to its weight in the index.

Under normal conditions, the fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in small-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the benchmark index. As of May 31, 2015, the market capitalization range for the benchmark index was approximately $177 million to $4.3 billion T. Rowe Price compares the composition of the fund to that of the index. If a material misweighting develops, the portfolio manager seeks to rebalance the portfolio in an effort to realign the fund with the index.

The Russell 2000 Index, which is constructed by the Russell Investment Group, is a well-known small-cap stock index that is designed to measure the performance of the small-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes approximately 2,000 small-cap U.S. securities based on a combination of their market capitalization and index membership, without consideration to a growth or value style valuation. The index is constructed to provide an unbiased small-cap barometer and is reconstituted periodically to ensure larger stocks do not distort the performance and characteristics of the small-cap opportunity set.

While most assets will be invested in common stocks, the fund may also purchase stock index futures contracts. Futures would typically be used to reduce cash balances in the fund and increase the level of fund assets exposed to common stocks represented in the fund’s benchmark index, or as an efficient means of gaining small-cap stock exposure.

While there is no guarantee, the correlation between the fund and its benchmark index is expected to be at least 0.95. A correlation of 1.00 indicates that the returns of the fund and the index will always move in the same direction (but not necessarily by the same amount). A correlation of 0.00 would mean price movements in the fund are unrelated to movements in the index.

The fund may sell securities to better align its portfolio with the characteristics of its benchmark index or to satisfy redemption requests. However, the fund is not required to sell specific securities that have been removed from the index.

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose


  

Summary

3

money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Risks of stock investing Stocks generally fluctuate in value more than bonds and may decline significantly over short time periods. There is a chance that stock prices overall will decline because stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising and falling prices. The value of a stock in which the fund invests may decline due to general weakness in the stock market or because of factors that affect a particular company or industry.

Market capitalization risk Investing primarily in issuers within the same market capitalization category carries the risk that the category may be out of favor due to current market conditions or investor sentiment. Because the fund invests primarily in securities issued by small-cap companies, it is likely to be more volatile than a fund that focuses on securities issued by larger companies. Small-sized companies often have less experienced management, narrower product lines, more limited financial resources, and less publicly available information than larger companies. In addition, smaller companies are typically more sensitive to changes in overall economic conditions and their securities may be difficult to trade.

Index investing risk Because the fund is passively managed and seeks to match the performance of its benchmark index, holdings are generally not reallocated based on changes in market conditions or outlook for a specific security, industry, or market sector. As a result, the fund’s performance may lag the performance of actively managed funds.

Tracking error The returns of the fund are expected to be slightly below the returns of its benchmark index (referred to as “tracking error”) because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses while the index has no fees or expenses. The risk of tracking error is increased to the extent the fund is unable to fully replicate its benchmark index, which could result from changes in the composition of the index or the timing of purchases and redemptions of fund shares.

Futures risk The fund’s use of stock index futures exposes it to potential volatility and losses greater than direct investments in the contract’s underlying assets. The values of the fund’s positions in index futures will fluctuate in response to changes in the value of the underlying index, which exposes the fund to the risk that the underlying index will not move in a direction that is favorable to the fund. Since losses could result from market movement, the fund may need to sell other portfolio securities at disadvantageous times in order to meet daily margin requirements. The futures markets may experience reduced liquidity, which could result in losses to the fund and cause the fund to be unable to settle its futures positions.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.


  

T. Rowe Price

4

Current performance information may be obtained by calling 1-800-638-8790.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Ken D. Uematsu

Chairman of Investment

Advisory Committee

2015

1997

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund is not available for direct purchase by members of the public. All investments in the fund must be made by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliated investment advisers on behalf of mutual funds, 529 plans, or other institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority.

There is no minimum amount required for initial or subsequent purchases. Shares of the fund may be purchased, redeemed, or exchanged on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business.

Tax Information

Any dividends or capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

The fund is not publicly available or held through intermediaries. As a result, the fund and its investment adviser do not pay broker-dealers or other financial intermediaries for sales or related services of the fund’s shares.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

The following policies and procedures apply generally to all Investor Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds. Please note that the fund is not available for direct purchase by the public and may not be held through financial intermediaries. As a result, policies relating to holding shares through an intermediary do not apply to the fund, and the fund does not make administrative fee payments to intermediaries or charge an account service fee.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for the funds is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other


  

T. Rowe Price

6

situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. For a fund that has investments in securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the fund does not price its shares, the fund’s net asset value may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem the fund’s shares. The fund uses outside pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

If your request is received by T. Rowe Price in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. To ensure that your request is submitted in correct form, please refer to “Account Requirements and Transaction Information” in Section 4. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value.

The funds generally do not accept orders that request a particular day or price for a transaction or any other special conditions.

Fund shares may be purchased through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. Where authorized by a fund, orders will be priced at the net asset value next computed after receipt by the intermediary. Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

7

for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value. Under certain conditions, a money fund may accept and process purchase and redemption orders beyond the close of the New York Stock Exchange on days that the New York Stock Exchange closes early and does not reopen, and may accept orders on a business day that the New York Stock Exchange is unexpectedly closed.

How You Can Receive the Proceeds From a Sale

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed to you by check or sent electronically to your bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, your proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive your redemption request. Under certain limited circumstances, the Board of Directors/Trustees of a money fund may elect to suspend redemptions and postpone payment of redemption proceeds in order to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the money fund.

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of


  

T. Rowe Price

8

a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Africa & Middle East

2%

90 days or less

Asia Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Credit Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Diversified Small-Cap Growth

1%

90 days or less

Emerging Europe

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500

0.5%

90 days or less

European Stock

2%

90 days or less

Extended Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Floating Rate

2%

90 days or less

Global Growth Stock

2%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond

2%

90 days or less

Global Real Estate

2%

90 days or less

Global Stock

2%

90 days or less

High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

International Bond

2%

90 days or less

International Concentrated Equity

2%

90 days or less

International Discovery

2%

90 days or less

International Equity Index

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income

2%

90 days or less

International Stock

2%

90 days or less

Japan

2%

90 days or less

Latin America

2%

90 days or less

New Asia

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets

2%

90 days or less

Real Estate

1%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value

1%

90 days or less

Spectrum International

2%

90 days or less


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Tax-Efficient Equity

1%

less than 365 days

Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Total Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

U.S. Bond Enhanced Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For a fund with a 365-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold before the end of the required holding period. For funds with a 90-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);


  

T. Rowe Price

10

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;

· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to identify intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts and to enter into agreements requiring the intermediary to assess the redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

11

order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested may be paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House or may be automatically invested into another fund account. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Money funds

· Purchases received by T. Rowe Price by noon ET via wire begin to earn dividends on that day. Other shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.


  

T. Rowe Price

12

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

These stock funds only:

· Balanced

· Dividend Growth

· Equity Income

· Equity Index 500

· Global Real Estate

· Growth & Income

· Personal Strategy Balanced

· Personal Strategy Income

· Real Estate

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Other stock funds

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Retirement, Spectrum, and Target Retirement Funds:

 

· Retirement Balanced and
Spectrum Income

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond and money fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends as the information previously described may vary.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

13

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.

Capital gain payments are not expected from money funds, which are managed to maintain a constant share price.

Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

Additional information about the taxation of dividends for certain T. Rowe Price funds is listed below:

 

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Regular monthly dividends (including those from the state-specific tax-free funds) are expected to be exempt from federal income taxes.

· Exemption is not guaranteed, since the fund has the right under certain conditions to invest in nonexempt securities.

· Tax-exempt dividends paid to Social Security recipients may increase the portion of benefits that is subject to tax.

· For state-specific funds, the monthly dividends you receive are expected to be exempt from state and local income tax of that particular state. For other funds, a small portion of your income dividend may be exempt from state and local income taxes.

· If a fund invests in certain “private activity” bonds that are not exempt from the alternative minimum tax, shareholders who are subject to the alternative minimum tax must include income generated by those bonds in their alternative minimum tax calculation. Private activity bonds issued in 2009 and 2010, and refunding bonds issued in 2009 and 2010 to refund private activity bonds that were issued from the beginning of 2004 to the end of 2008, are exempt from the alternative minimum tax. The portion of a fund’s income dividend that should be included in your alternative minimum tax calculation, if any, will be reported to you by mid-February on Form 1099-DIV.


  

T. Rowe Price

14

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the
121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the Global Real Estate Fund, Real Estate Fund, or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock funds or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, new tax regulations require us to
report the cost basis information to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

15

intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

The tax status of certain distributions may be recharacterized on year-end tax forms, such as your Form 1099-DIV. Distributions made by a fund may later be recharacterized for federal income tax purposes—for example, from taxable ordinary income dividends to returns of capital, which are generally nontaxable but reduce your tax basis in the fund’s shares. A recharacterization of distributions may occur for


  

T. Rowe Price

16

a number of reasons, including the recharacterization of income received from underlying investments, such as real estate investment trusts (REITs), and distributions that exceed taxable income due to losses from foreign currency transactions or other investment transactions. Certain funds, including international bond funds and funds that invest significantly in REITs, are more likely to recharacterize a portion of their distributions as a result of their investments.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

The following table provides additional details on distributions for certain funds:

 

Taxes on Fund Distributions

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Gains realized on the sale of market discount bonds with maturities beyond one year may be treated as ordinary income and cannot be offset by other capital losses.

· Payments received or gains realized on certain derivative transactions may result in taxable ordinary income or capital gains.

· To the extent the fund makes such investments, the likelihood of a taxable distribution will be increased.

Inflation Protected Bond Fund

· Inflation adjustments on Treasury inflation-protected securities that exceed deflation adjustments for the year will be distributed as a short-term capital gain resulting in ordinary income.

· In computing the distribution amount, the fund cannot reduce inflation adjustments by short- or long-term capital losses from the sales of securities.

· Net deflation adjustments for a year may result in all or a portion of dividends paid earlier in the year being treated as a return of capital. 

Retirement, Spectrum, and Target Retirement Funds

· Distributions by the underlying funds and changes in asset allocations may result in taxable distributions of ordinary income or capital gains.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

17

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If you pay with a check or Automated Clearing House transfer that does not clear or if your payment is not received in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. You will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent, and the fund can redeem shares you own in this or another identically registered T. Rowe Price account as reimbursement. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If you sell shares that you just purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process your redemption but will generally delay sending you the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through your paycheck.)


  

T. Rowe Price

18

Telephone and Online Account Transactions You may access your account and conduct transactions using the telephone or the T. Rowe Price website. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs and risks (for example, market risks until the securities are disposed of).

Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

19

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the


  

T. Rowe Price

20

intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price may contact the intermediary and may request personal identifying information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

Due to the relatively high cost to a fund of maintaining small accounts, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1,000 ($10,000 for Summit Funds). If, for any reason, your balance is below this amount for three months or longer, we have the right to redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. This could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

You may need to have your signature guaranteed in certain situations, such as:


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

21

· Written requests: (1) to redeem over $100,000 or (2) to wire redemption proceeds when prior bank account authorization is not on file.

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file.

· Transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours.

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.

ADMINISTRATIVE FEE PAYMENTS 

The funds may make payments to retirement plan recordkeepers, broker-dealers, and other financial intermediaries (at a rate of up to 0.15% of average daily net assets per year) for transfer agency, recordkeeping, and other administrative services that they provide on behalf of the funds. These administrative services may include services such as maintaining account records for each customer; transmitting net purchase and redemption orders; delivering shareholder confirmations, statements, and tax forms; and providing support to respond to customers’ questions regarding their accounts. These payments are reflected in the “Other expenses” line that appears in a fund’s fee table in Section 1.

ACCOUNT SERVICE FEE 

In an effort to help offset the disproportionately high costs incurred by the funds in connection with servicing lower-balance accounts, an annual $20 account service fee (paid to T. Rowe Price Services, Inc., or one of its affiliates) is charged to certain fund accounts with a balance below $10,000. The determination of whether a fund account is subject to the account service fee is based on account balances and services selected for accounts as of the last business day of August. The fee will be charged to an account with a balance below $10,000 for any reason, including market fluctuation and recent redemptions. The fee, which is automatically deducted from an account by redeeming fund shares, is typically charged to accounts in early


  

T. Rowe Price

22

September each calendar year. Such redemption may result in a taxable gain or loss to you.

The account service fee generally does not apply to fund accounts that are held through an intermediary, participant accounts in employer-sponsored retirement plans for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services, or money funds that are used as a T. Rowe Price Brokerage sweep account. Regardless of a particular fund account’s balance on the last business day of August, the account service fee is automatically waived for accounts that satisfy any of the following conditions:

· Any accounts for which the shareholder has elected to receive electronic delivery of all of the following: account statements, transaction confirmations, prospectuses, and shareholder reports;

· Any accounts of a shareholder with at least $50,000 in total assets with T. Rowe Price (for this purpose, total assets includes investments in T. Rowe Price mutual funds, except for those held through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services; T. Rowe Price Brokerage; and T. Rowe Price variable annuities); or

· Any accounts of a shareholder who is a T. Rowe Price Preferred Services, Personal Services, or Enhanced Personal Services client (enrollment in these programs generally requires T. Rowe Price assets of at least $100,000—visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-537-1098 for more information).

T. Rowe Price reserves the right to authorize additional waivers for other types of accounts or to modify the conditions for assessment of the account service fee. Fund shares held in a T. Rowe Price individual retirement account, Education Savings Account, or small business retirement plan account (including certain 403(b) plan accounts) are subject to the account service fee and may be subject to additional administrative fees when distributing all fund shares from such accounts.


   

More About the Fund

 

3

  
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1989. Currently, the corporation consists of five series. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions. For funds with multiple share classes, the income dividends for each share class will generally differ from those of other share classes to the extent that the expense ratios of the classes differ.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of material changes to the fund’s management contract.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold regularly scheduled shareholder meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, shareholder meetings are only held when certain matters, such as changes in fundamental policies or elections of directors, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The


  

T. Rowe Price

24

Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price—specifically by the fund’s portfolio manager.

Investment Adviser

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of June 30, 2015, the Firm had approximately $773 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairman has day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and works with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Ken D. Uematsu, chairman, E. Frederick Bair, Neil Smith, Craig A. Thiese, and Michael T. Wehn. The following information provides the year that the chairman first joined the Firm and the chairman’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairman may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Uematsu has been chairman of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. He joined the Firm in 1997 and his investment experience dates from that time. He has served as a portfolio manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager, and the portfolio manager’s ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

The fund pays T. Rowe Price an annual investment management fee of 0.14% based on the fund’s average daily net assets. The fund calculates and accrues the fee daily.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price or its agent provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services.


  

More About the Fund

25

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because index funds generally are passively managed, their expenses tend to be lower than the average actively managed fund. In addition, lower turnover should result in smaller capital gain distributions, which can help to increase a fund’s after-tax returns.

Index funds are managed to track the return of a particular benchmark. Since fewer resources are devoted to researching stocks or bonds, and portfolio turnover (the buying and selling of securities) tends to be low, an index fund typically incurs lower costs than the average stock or bond fund. The typical stock or bond fund is actively managed, meaning the portfolio manager makes purchase and sell decisions based on a particular security’s prospects in pursuit of the fund’s investment objective. In addition, index funds are almost entirely invested in stocks or bonds while actively managed funds often hold cash for strategic and defensive purposes.

Since the fund is passively managed and seeks to remain fully invested at all times, assets will not be shifted from one stock or group of stocks to another based on their prospects, or from stocks into bonds or cash equivalents in an attempt to cushion the impact of a market decline. Therefore, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.

The fund is designed to track a specific segment of the U.S. stock market—whether it is rising or falling. Markets as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling.

The fund attempts to track the small-cap U.S. stock market by investing substantially all of its assets in proportion to the stocks represented in the Russell 2000 Index.

Frank Russell Company is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Russell Investment Group. The fund is not promoted, sponsored or endorsed by, nor in any way affiliated with Russell Investment Group (“Russell”). Russell is not responsible for and has not reviewed the fund’s prospectus nor any associated literature or publications and Russell makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, as to their accuracy, or completeness, or otherwise.

Russell reserves the right, at any time and without notice, to alter, amend, terminate or in any way changes the Russell Indexes. Russell has no obligation to take the needs of any particular fund or its participants or any other product or person into consideration in determining, composing or calculating any of the Russell Indexes.

While most of the fund’s assets will be invested in common stocks represented in the fund’s index, the fund also purchases stock index futures contracts. Investments in futures typically serve as a tool to manage cash flows into and out of the fund and


  

T. Rowe Price

26

maintain liquidity while being invested in the market, and may be used as an efficient means of gaining exposure to all or part of the fund’s index.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

As with all equity funds, this fund’s share price can fall because of weakness in the broad market, a particular industry, or specific holdings. The market as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social, or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. The prospects for an industry or company may deteriorate because of a variety of factors, including disappointing earnings or changes in the competitive environment. Also, the fund’s investment approach could fall out of favor with the investing public, resulting in lagging performance versus other types of stock funds.

Investing in small companies involves greater risk than investing in larger companies. Stocks of small companies are subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than larger-company stocks. Small companies often have narrower product lines, more limited financial resources and trading markets, and that managements may lack depth and experience. Such companies seldom pay significant dividends that could help to cushion returns in a falling market.

The stocks of small companies can be illiquid. In such cases, the fund may have difficulty selling holdings or may only be able to sell the holdings at prices substantially less than what the fund believes they are worth.

The fund is susceptible to some degree of tracking error, meaning the fund’s returns are likely to be slightly below those of its index because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses, while the index has no fees or expenses. The timing of cash flows and a fund’s size can also influence returns. For example, a fund’s failure to reach a certain asset size may limit its ability to purchase all the stocks in the index and achieve full replication. Or, a large cash flow into or out of a fund may cause its return to deviate from the index.

Risks related to the fund’s use of futures contracts include possible illiquidity of the futures markets, contract prices that can be volatile and imperfectly correlated to movements in underlying security values, and potential losses in excess of the fund’s initial investment.

The risk of loss in trading futures contracts can be substantial because of the low margin deposits required and the potential volatility of the futures markets. A relatively small price movement in an open futures position could result in immediate and substantial loss (or gain) for the fund. In the event of adverse price movements, the fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments to


  

More About the Fund

27

maintain its required margin. In such situations, if the fund has insufficient cash reserves, it may have to sell portfolio securities to meet daily margin requirements at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. Futures contracts may be closed out only on an exchange that provides a secondary market for such products and many futures exchanges limit the amount of fluctuation permitted in futures contract prices during a single trading day. As a result, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for any particular futures product at any specific time and the fund could suffer losses if it is unable to close out a futures position.

Additional strategies and risks From time to time, other strategies may be employed that are not considered part of the fund’s principal investment strategies. The fund may occasionally purchase exchange-traded funds for various reasons such as to help realign the fund’s portfolio in proportion to its benchmark index or minimize any deviations in performance from its benchmark index, gain broad market or sector exposure while awaiting the purchase of underlying securities, or to limit the fund’s cash reserves. To the extent the fund invests in exchange-traded funds, the fund will bear its proportionate share of each exchange-traded fund’s fees and expenses. An investment in an exchange-traded fund involves substantially the same risks as investing directly in the exchange-traded fund’s underlying assets, although an exchange-traded fund may have greater price volatility than its underlying assets and its shares may be less liquid.

The fund may, to a limited extent, invest in other derivatives, such as options, that are consistent with its investment program. The use of derivatives exposes the fund to additional risks that are different from, and potentially greater than, investments in more traditional securities. Derivatives may not move in the direction anticipated by the portfolio manager and the fund could be exposed to significant losses if a counterparty fails to meet its obligations under the contract, although counterparty risk related to exchange-traded derivatives, such as options and futures contracts, is minimal because the exchange’s clearinghouse provides protection against defaults.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio


  

T. Rowe Price

28

management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to normally invest at least 80% of its net assets in small-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the fund’s benchmark index.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. For instance, there are limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have a significantly greater impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made (this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy or liquidity policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

The fund must invest at least 80% of net assets in securities that make up its benchmark index.


  

More About the Fund

29

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund.

Industry Concentration As a fundamental policy, the fund will not invest more than 25% of total assets (concentrate) in any single industry except to the extent the fund’s benchmark index concentrates in that industry.

Fund investments are primarily in common stocks and, to a lesser degree, other types of securities as described as follows:

Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stocks have a specified dividend rate and rank after bonds and before common stocks in their claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. Unlike common stock, preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Futures and Options

Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in securities prices, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; and to serve as a cash management tool. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.


  

T. Rowe Price

30

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options. Investments in futures and options will not exceed 20% of the fund’s total assets.

Hybrid Instruments

Hybrid instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount, redemption, or conversion terms of a security could be related to the market price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index. Such instruments may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility if an active trading market does not exist.

As a shareholder of another investment company, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.


  

More About the Fund

31

Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets. The 15% limit on illiquid securities applies at the time of purchase and continues thereafter.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

The fund may hold a certain portion of its assets in cash or cash equivalents. The fund’s reserve position can consist of shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund and U.S. and non-U.S. dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements rated in the two highest rating categories that mature in one year or less. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. In order to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions, the fund may assume a temporary defensive position that is inconsistent with its principal investment objective and/or strategies and may invest, without limitation, in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to meet its obligations. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.


  

T. Rowe Price

32

Lending of Portfolio Securities

A fund may lend its securities to broker-dealers, other institutions, or other persons to earn additional income. Risks include the potential insolvency of the broker-dealer or other borrower that could result in delays in recovering securities and capital losses. Additionally, losses could result from the reinvestment of collateral received on loaned securities in investments that default or do not perform as well as expected.

Fundamental policy The value of loaned securities may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the initial period of operations may exceed 100%.

DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six


  

More About the Fund

33

months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, call your T. Rowe Price Client Service Professional. These documents are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

100 East Pratt Street

Baltimore, MD 21202

1940 Act File No. 811-5986     TBD 10/28/15


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 
  

October 28, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Small-Cap Index Fund—I Class

An index fund seeking to match the performance of the small-cap U.S. stock market. The fund is not available for direct purchase by the public.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Small-Cap Index Fund—I Class 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 5

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 10

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 15

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 20

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 22

Investment Policies and Practices 25

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 29


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of small-capitalization U.S. stocks.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund’s I Class

  

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.14%

  

Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.00%

  

Other expenses

5.30%a,b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

5.44%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(5.25)%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.19%b

a Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

b Through April 30, 2018, T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed to pay the operating expenses of the fund’s I Class excluding management fees; interest; expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage; nonrecurring, extraordinary expenses; and acquired fund fees and expenses (“I Class Operating Expenses”), to the extent the I Class Operating Expenses exceed 0.05% of the class’ average daily net assets. Any expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T.  Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund or class whenever the fund’s I Class Operating Expenses are below 0.05%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the payment of the I Class Operating Expenses or if such reimbursement would cause the fund’s I Class Operating Expenses to exceed 0.05%. Termination of this agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors.

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. The figures have been adjusted to reflect fee waivers or expense reimbursements only in the periods for which the expense limitation arrangement is expected to continue. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

  

1 year

3 years

$19

$347

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover


  

T. Rowe Price

2

rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance. A portfolio turnover rate is not shown since the fund had not commenced operations during its most recent fiscal year.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund attempts to match the investment return of small-capitalization U.S. stocks by seeking to match the performance of the Russell 2000® Index (“benchmark index”). The fund seeks to employ a full replication strategy, which involves investing substantially all of its assets in all of the stocks in the benchmark index and seeking to maintain holdings of each stock in proportion to its weight in the index.

Under normal conditions, the fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in small-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the benchmark index. As of May 31, 2015, the market capitalization range for the benchmark index was approximately $177 million to $4.3 billion T. Rowe Price compares the composition of the fund to that of the index. If a material misweighting develops, the portfolio manager seeks to rebalance the portfolio in an effort to realign the fund with the index.

The Russell 2000 Index, which is constructed by the Russell Investment Group, is a well-known small-cap stock index that is designed to measure the performance of the small-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes approximately 2,000 small-cap U.S. securities based on a combination of their market capitalization and index membership, without consideration to a growth or value style valuation. The index is constructed to provide an unbiased small-cap barometer and is reconstituted periodically to ensure larger stocks do not distort the performance and characteristics of the small-cap opportunity set.

While most assets will be invested in common stocks, the fund may also purchase stock index futures contracts. Futures would typically be used to reduce cash balances in the fund and increase the level of fund assets exposed to common stocks represented in the fund’s benchmark index, or as an efficient means of gaining small-cap stock exposure.

While there is no guarantee, the correlation between the fund and its benchmark index is expected to be at least 0.95. A correlation of 1.00 indicates that the returns of the fund and the index will always move in the same direction (but not necessarily by the same amount). A correlation of 0.00 would mean price movements in the fund are unrelated to movements in the index.

The fund may sell securities to better align its portfolio with the characteristics of its benchmark index or to satisfy redemption requests. However, the fund is not required to sell specific securities that have been removed from the index.


  

Summary

3

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Risks of stock investing Stocks generally fluctuate in value more than bonds and may decline significantly over short time periods. There is a chance that stock prices overall will decline because stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising and falling prices. The value of a stock in which the fund invests may decline due to general weakness in the stock market or because of factors that affect a particular company or industry.

Market capitalization risk Investing primarily in issuers within the same market capitalization category carries the risk that the category may be out of favor due to current market conditions or investor sentiment. Because the fund invests primarily in securities issued by small-cap companies, it is likely to be more volatile than a fund that focuses on securities issued by larger companies. Small-sized companies often have less experienced management, narrower product lines, more limited financial resources, and less publicly available information than larger companies. In addition, smaller companies are typically more sensitive to changes in overall economic conditions and their securities may be difficult to trade.

Index investing risk Because the fund is passively managed and seeks to match the performance of its benchmark index, holdings are generally not reallocated based on changes in market conditions or outlook for a specific security, industry, or market sector. As a result, the fund’s performance may lag the performance of actively managed funds.

Tracking error The returns of the fund are expected to be slightly below the returns of its benchmark index (referred to as “tracking error”) because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses while the index has no fees or expenses. The risk of tracking error is increased to the extent the fund is unable to fully replicate its benchmark index, which could result from changes in the composition of the index or the timing of purchases and redemptions of fund shares.

Futures risk The fund’s use of stock index futures exposes it to potential volatility and losses greater than direct investments in the contract’s underlying assets. The values of the fund’s positions in index futures will fluctuate in response to changes in the value of the underlying index, which exposes the fund to the risk that the underlying index will not move in a direction that is favorable to the fund. Since losses could result from market movement, the fund may need to sell other portfolio securities at disadvantageous times in order to meet daily margin requirements. The futures markets may experience reduced liquidity, which could result in losses to the fund and cause the fund to be unable to settle its futures positions.


  

T. Rowe Price

4

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.

Current performance information may be obtained by calling 1-800-638-8790.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Ken D. Uematsu

Chairman of Investment

Advisory Committee

2015

1997

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund is not available for direct purchase by members of the public. All investments in the fund must be made by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliated investment advisers on behalf of mutual funds, 529 plans, or other institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority.

The fund’s I Class generally requires a $1,000,000 minimum initial investment and there is no minimum amount required for subsequent purchases. Shares of the fund may be purchased, redeemed, or exchanged on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business.

Tax Information

Any dividends or capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

The fund is not publicly available or held through intermediaries. As a result, the fund and its investment adviser do not pay broker-dealers or other financial intermediaries for sales or related services of the fund’s shares.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

The following policies and procedures apply generally to all I Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds. Please note that the fund is not available for direct purchase by the public and may not be held through financial intermediaries. As a result, policies relating to holding shares through an intermediary do not apply to the fund.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for each share class of a fund is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and each class’ proportionate share of the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors and methodologies that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other


  

T. Rowe Price

6

situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. For a fund that has investments in securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the fund does not price its shares, the fund’s net asset value may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem the fund’s shares. The fund uses various pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

I Class shares may be purchased directly from T. Rowe Price or through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price or its agent in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. To ensure that your request is submitted in correct form, please refer to “Account Requirements and Transaction Information” in Section 4. If your request is received after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value unless the fund has an agreement with your intermediary that permits the intermediary to accept orders on behalf of the fund until the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET). In such cases, if your order is received by the intermediary in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange and is transmitted to T. Rowe Price and paid for in accordance with the agreement, the transaction will be priced at the next net asset value computed after the intermediary received your order. If the fund does not have an agreement with your intermediary, T. Rowe Price must receive the request in correct form from your intermediary by the close of the New York Stock Exchange in order for your transaction to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

7

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

How Proceeds Are Received

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If you invest directly with T. Rowe Price and your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price or its agent on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed by check or sent electronically to a bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

If you invest through an intermediary, you must contact your intermediary about procedures for receiving your redemption proceeds. Normally, the fund transmits proceeds to intermediaries for redemption orders received in correct form on either the next or third business day after receipt, depending on the arrangement with the intermediary.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive a redemption request in good order.


  

T. Rowe Price

8

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price I Class Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Emerging Markets Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500—I Class

0.5%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

High Yield—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Bond—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income—I Class

2%

90 days or less

International Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets—I Class

2%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value—I Class

1%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. A redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;

· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to enter into agreements with intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts requiring the intermediary to assess the


  

T. Rowe Price

10

redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested may be paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House or may be automatically invested into another fund account. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

11

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Stock Funds:

 

· Equity Index 500

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends as the information previously described may vary.

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.


  

T. Rowe Price

12

Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the
121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the bond funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock or bond funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

13

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, tax regulations require cost basis information to be reported to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.


  

T. Rowe Price

14

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

The tax status of certain distributions may be recharacterized on year-end tax forms, such as your Form 1099-DIV. Distributions made by a fund may later be recharacterized for federal income tax purposes—for example, from taxable ordinary income dividends to returns of capital, which are generally nontaxable but reduce your tax basis in the fund’s shares. A recharacterization of distributions may occur for a number of reasons, including the recharacterization of income received from underlying investments, such as real estate investment trusts (REITs), and distributions that exceed taxable income due to losses from foreign currency transactions or other investment transactions. Certain funds, including international bond funds and funds that invest significantly in REITs, are more likely to recharacterize a portion of their distributions as a result of their investments.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

15

fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If the fund does not receive payment for an order in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. The shareholder (or intermediary) will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If shares are sold that were recently purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process the redemption but will generally delay sending the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through payroll deduction.)

Telephone Transactions You can only conduct transactions involving the I Class over the telephone or in writing. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about


  

T. Rowe Price

16

any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs and risks (for example, market risks until the securities are disposed of).

We also request that you give us at least three business days’ notice for any redemption of $2 million or more.

Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

17

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price may contact the intermediary and may request personal identifying


  

T. Rowe Price

18

information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

To keep operating expenses lower, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1 million. If your investment falls below $1 million (even if due to market depreciation), we have the right to convert your account to a different share class in the same fund with a higher expense ratio or redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. The redemption of your account could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

The shareholder or intermediary may need to obtain a signature guarantee in certain situations, such as:


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

19

· Written requests to redeem over $5 million;

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file, or transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours;

· Changing the account registration or broker-dealer of record for an account; and

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

Intermediaries should consult their T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services representative for specific requirements relating to their account. The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.


   

More About the Fund

 

3

  
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1989. Currently, the corporation consists of five series. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives. In 2015, the fund issued a separate class of shares known as the I Class.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions. For funds with multiple share classes, the income dividends for each share class will generally differ from those of other share classes to the extent that the expense ratios of the classes differ.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of material changes to the fund’s management contract. Shareholders of each class have exclusive voting rights on matters affecting only that class.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold regularly scheduled shareholder meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, shareholder meetings are only held when certain matters, such as changes in fundamental policies or elections of directors, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.


  

More About the Fund

21

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price—specifically by the fund’s portfolio manager.

Investment Adviser

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of June 30, 2015, the Firm had approximately $773 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairman has day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and works with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Ken D. Uematsu, chairman, E. Frederick Bair, Neil Smith, Craig A. Thiese, and Michael T. Wehn. The following information provides the year that the chairman first joined the Firm and the chairman’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairman may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Uematsu has been chairman of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. He joined the Firm in 1997 and his investment experience dates from that time. He has served as a portfolio manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager, and the portfolio manager’s ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

The fund pays T. Rowe Price an annual investment management fee of 0.14% based on the fund’s average daily net assets. The fund calculates and accrues the fee daily.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.


  

T. Rowe Price

22

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price or its agent provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because index funds generally are passively managed, their expenses tend to be lower than the average actively managed fund. In addition, lower turnover should result in smaller capital gain distributions, which can help to increase a fund’s after-tax returns.

Index funds are managed to track the return of a particular benchmark. Since fewer resources are devoted to researching stocks or bonds, and portfolio turnover (the buying and selling of securities) tends to be low, an index fund typically incurs lower costs than the average stock or bond fund. The typical stock or bond fund is actively managed, meaning the portfolio manager makes purchase and sell decisions based on a particular security’s prospects in pursuit of the fund’s investment objective. In addition, index funds are almost entirely invested in stocks or bonds while actively managed funds often hold cash for strategic and defensive purposes.

Since the fund is passively managed and seeks to remain fully invested at all times, assets will not be shifted from one stock or group of stocks to another based on their prospects, or from stocks into bonds or cash equivalents in an attempt to cushion the impact of a market decline. Therefore, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.

The fund is designed to track a specific segment of the U.S. stock market—whether it is rising or falling. Markets as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling.

The fund attempts to track the small-cap U.S. stock market by investing substantially all of its assets in proportion to the stocks represented in the Russell 2000 Index.

Frank Russell Company is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Russell Investment Group. The fund is not promoted, sponsored or endorsed by, nor in any way affiliated with Russell Investment Group (“Russell”). Russell is not responsible for and has not reviewed the fund’s prospectus nor any associated literature or publications and Russell makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, as to their accuracy, or completeness, or otherwise.


  

More About the Fund

23

Russell reserves the right, at any time and without notice, to alter, amend, terminate or in any way changes the Russell Indexes. Russell has no obligation to take the needs of any particular fund or its participants or any other product or person into consideration in determining, composing or calculating any of the Russell Indexes.

While most of the fund’s assets will be invested in common stocks represented in the fund’s index, the fund also purchases stock index futures contracts. Investments in futures typically serve as a tool to manage cash flows into and out of the fund and maintain liquidity while being invested in the market, and may be used as an efficient means of gaining exposure to all or part of the fund’s index.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

As with all equity funds, this fund’s share price can fall because of weakness in the broad market, a particular industry, or specific holdings. The market as a whole can decline for many reasons, including adverse political, social, or economic developments in the U.S. or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. The prospects for an industry or company may deteriorate because of a variety of factors, including disappointing earnings or changes in the competitive environment. Also, the fund’s investment approach could fall out of favor with the investing public, resulting in lagging performance versus other types of stock funds.

Investing in small companies involves greater risk than investing in larger companies. Stocks of small companies are subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than larger-company stocks. Small companies often have narrower product lines, more limited financial resources and trading markets, and that managements may lack depth and experience. Such companies seldom pay significant dividends that could help to cushion returns in a falling market.

The stocks of small companies can be illiquid. In such cases, the fund may have difficulty selling holdings or may only be able to sell the holdings at prices substantially less than what the fund believes they are worth.

The fund is susceptible to some degree of tracking error, meaning the fund’s returns are likely to be slightly below those of its index because the fund incurs fees and transaction expenses, while the index has no fees or expenses. The timing of cash flows and a fund’s size can also influence returns. For example, a fund’s failure to reach a certain asset size may limit its ability to purchase all the stocks in the index and achieve full replication. Or, a large cash flow into or out of a fund may cause its return to deviate from the index.

Risks related to the fund’s use of futures contracts include possible illiquidity of the futures markets, contract prices that can be volatile and imperfectly correlated to


  

T. Rowe Price

24

movements in underlying security values, and potential losses in excess of the fund’s initial investment.

The risk of loss in trading futures contracts can be substantial because of the low margin deposits required and the potential volatility of the futures markets. A relatively small price movement in an open futures position could result in immediate and substantial loss (or gain) for the fund. In the event of adverse price movements, the fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments to maintain its required margin. In such situations, if the fund has insufficient cash reserves, it may have to sell portfolio securities to meet daily margin requirements at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. Futures contracts may be closed out only on an exchange that provides a secondary market for such products and many futures exchanges limit the amount of fluctuation permitted in futures contract prices during a single trading day. As a result, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for any particular futures product at any specific time and the fund could suffer losses if it is unable to close out a futures position.

Additional strategies and risks From time to time, other strategies may be employed that are not considered part of the fund’s principal investment strategies. The fund may occasionally purchase exchange-traded funds for various reasons such as to help realign the fund’s portfolio in proportion to its benchmark index or minimize any deviations in performance from its benchmark index, gain broad market or sector exposure while awaiting the purchase of underlying securities, or to limit the fund’s cash reserves. To the extent the fund invests in exchange-traded funds, the fund will bear its proportionate share of each exchange-traded fund’s fees and expenses. An investment in an exchange-traded fund involves substantially the same risks as investing directly in the exchange-traded fund’s underlying assets, although an exchange-traded fund may have greater price volatility than its underlying assets and its shares may be less liquid.

The fund may, to a limited extent, invest in other derivatives, such as options, that are consistent with its investment program. The use of derivatives exposes the fund to additional risks that are different from, and potentially greater than, investments in more traditional securities. Derivatives may not move in the direction anticipated by the portfolio manager and the fund could be exposed to significant losses if a counterparty fails to meet its obligations under the contract, although counterparty risk related to exchange-traded derivatives, such as options and futures contracts, is minimal because the exchange’s clearinghouse provides protection against defaults.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.


  

More About the Fund

25

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to normally invest at least 80% of its net assets in small-cap stocks and stocks that are included in the fund’s benchmark index.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information. For instance, there are limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have a significantly greater impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made (this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy or liquidity policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.


  

T. Rowe Price

26

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

The fund must invest at least 80% of net assets in securities that make up its benchmark index.

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund.

Industry Concentration As a fundamental policy, the fund will not invest more than 25% of total assets (concentrate) in any single industry except to the extent the fund’s benchmark index concentrates in that industry.

Fund investments are primarily in common stocks and, to a lesser degree, other types of securities as described as follows:

Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stocks have a specified dividend rate and rank after bonds and before common stocks in their claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. Unlike common stock, preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Futures and Options

Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in securities prices, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or


  

More About the Fund

27

a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; and to serve as a cash management tool. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options. Investments in futures and options will not exceed 20% of the fund’s total assets.

Hybrid Instruments

Hybrid instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount, redemption, or conversion terms of a security could be related to the market price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index. Such instruments may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual


  

T. Rowe Price

28

net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility if an active trading market does not exist.

As a shareholder of another investment company, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.

Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets. The 15% limit on illiquid securities applies at the time of purchase and continues thereafter.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

The fund may hold a certain portion of its assets in cash or cash equivalents. The fund’s reserve position can consist of shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund and U.S. and non-U.S. dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements rated in the two highest rating categories that mature in one year or less. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. In order to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions, the fund may assume a temporary defensive position that is inconsistent with its principal investment objective and/or strategies and may invest, without limitation, in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to meet its obligations. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus and the


  

More About the Fund

29

Statement of Additional Information. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.

Lending of Portfolio Securities

A fund may lend its securities to broker-dealers, other institutions, or other persons to earn additional income. Risks include the potential insolvency of the broker-dealer or other borrower that could result in delays in recovering securities and capital losses. Additionally, losses could result from the reinvestment of collateral received on loaned securities in investments that default or do not perform as well as expected.

Fundamental policy The value of loaned securities may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the initial period of operations may exceed 100%.

DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be


  

T. Rowe Price

30

harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, call your T. Rowe Price Client Service Professional. These documents are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

100 East Pratt Street

Baltimore, MD 21202

1940 Act File No. 811-5986     TBD 10/28/15


  

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

This is the Statement of Additional Information for all of the funds listed below. It is divided into two parts (Part I and Part II). Part I primarily contains information that is particular to each fund, while Part II contains information that generally applies to all of the funds in the T. Rowe Price family of funds (“Price Funds”).

The date of this Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) is October 28, 2015.

T. ROWE PRICE BALANCED FUND, INC. (RPBAX)

T. ROWE PRICE BLUE CHIP GROWTH FUND, INC. (TRBCX)

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund–Advisor Class (PABGX)

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund–R Class (RRBGX)

T. ROWE PRICE CALIFORNIA TAX-FREE INCOME TRUST

California Tax-Free Bond Fund (PRXCX)

California Tax-Free Money Fund (PCTXX)

T. ROWE PRICE CAPITAL APPRECIATION FUND (PRWCX)

T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund–Advisor Class (PACLX)

T. ROWE PRICE CAPITAL OPPORTUNITY FUND, INC. (PRCOX)

T. Rowe Price Capital Opportunity Fund–Advisor Class (PACOX)

T. Rowe Price Capital Opportunity Fund–R Class (RRCOX)

T. ROWE PRICE CORPORATE INCOME FUND, INC. (PRPIX)

T. ROWE PRICE CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND (PRCPX)

T. Rowe Price Credit Opportunities Fund–Advisor Class (PAOPX)

T. ROWE PRICE DIVERSIFIED MID-CAP GROWTH FUND, INC. (PRDMX)

T. ROWE PRICE DIVERSIFIED SMALL-CAP GROWTH FUND, INC. (PRDSX)

T. ROWE PRICE DIVIDEND GROWTH FUND, INC. (PRDGX)

T. Rowe Price Dividend Growth Fund–Advisor Class (TADGX)

T. ROWE PRICE EQUITY INCOME FUND (PRFDX)

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund–Advisor Class (PAFDX)

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund–R Class (RRFDX)

T. ROWE PRICE FINANCIAL SERVICES FUND, INC. (PRISX)

T. ROWE PRICE FLOATING RATE FUND, INC. (PRFRX)

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Fund–Advisor Class (PAFRX)

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL ALLOCATION FUND, INC. (RPGAX)

T. Rowe Price Global Allocation Fund–Advisor Class (PAFGX)

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL MULTI-SECTOR BOND FUND, INC. (formerly T. Rowe Price Strategic Income Fund, Inc.) (PRSNX)

T. Rowe Price Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund–Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Price Strategic Income Fund–Advisor Class) (PRSAX)

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL REAL ESTATE FUND, INC. (TRGRX)

T. Rowe Price Global Real Estate Fund–Advisor Class (PAGEX)

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY FUND, INC. (PRGTX)

T. ROWE PRICE GNMA FUND (PRGMX)

T. ROWE PRICE GROWTH & INCOME FUND, INC. (PRGIX)

T. ROWE PRICE GROWTH STOCK FUND, INC. (PRGFX)

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund–Advisor Class (TRSAX)

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund–R Class (RRGSX)

T. ROWE PRICE HEALTH SCIENCES FUND, INC. (PRHSX)

T. ROWE PRICE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC. (PRHYX)

T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund–Advisor Class (PAHIX)

T. ROWE PRICE INDEX TRUST, INC.

T. Rowe Price Equity Index 500 Fund (PREIX)

T. Rowe Price Extended Equity Market Index Fund (PEXMX)

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Index Fund

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Index Fund–I Class

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Index Fund

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Index Fund–I Class

T. Rowe Price Total Equity Market Index Fund (POMIX)

C00-042 10/28/15


T. ROWE PRICE INFLATION PROTECTED BOND FUND, INC. (PRIPX)

T. ROWE PRICE INSTITUTIONAL EQUITY FUNDS, INC. (“Institutional Equity Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Large-Cap Core Growth Fund (TPLGX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Large-Cap Growth Fund (TRLGX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Large-Cap Value Fund (TILCX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Mid-Cap Equity Growth Fund (PMEGX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Small-Cap Stock Fund (TRSSX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional U.S. Structured Research Fund (TRISX)

T. ROWE PRICE INSTITUTIONAL INCOME FUNDS, INC.

T. Rowe Price Institutional Core Plus Fund (TICPX)

 T. Rowe Price Institutional Core Plus Fund–F Class (PFCPX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Credit Opportunities Fund (TRXPX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Floating Rate Fund (RPIFX)

 T. Rowe Price Institutional Floating Rate Fund–F Class (PFFRX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund (RPGMX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional High Yield Fund (TRHYX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Long Duration Credit Fund (RPLCX)

T. ROWE PRICE INSTITUTIONAL INTERNATIONAL FUNDS, INC.

T. Rowe Price Institutional Africa & Middle East Fund (TRIAX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Emerging Markets Bond Fund (TREBX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Emerging Markets Equity Fund (IEMFX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Frontier Markets Equity Fund (PRFFX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Global Focused Growth Equity Fund (TRGSX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Global Growth Equity Fund (RPIGX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional Global Value Equity Fund (PRIGX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional International Bond Fund (RPIIX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional International Concentrated Equity Fund (formerly T. Rowe Price Institutional Concentrated International Equity) (RPICX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional International Core Equity Fund (TRCEX)

T. Rowe Price Institutional International Growth Equity Fund (PRFEX)

T. ROWE PRICE INTERMEDIATE TAX-FREE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC. (PRIHX)

T. Rowe Price Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield Fund–Advisor Class (PRAHX)

T. ROWE PRICE INTERNATIONAL FUNDS, INC.

T. Rowe Price Africa & Middle East Fund (TRAMX)

T. Rowe Price Asia Opportunities Fund (TRAOX)

 T. Rowe Price Asia Opportunities Fund–Advisor Class (PAAOX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Europe Fund (TREMX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Bond Fund (PREMX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund (TRECX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PACEX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund (PRELX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PAELX)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Stock Fund (PRMSX)

T. Rowe Price European Stock Fund (PRESX)

T. Rowe Price Global Growth Stock Fund (RPGEX)

 T. Rowe Price Global Growth Stock Fund–Advisor Class (PAGLX)

T. Rowe Price Global High Income Bond Fund (RPIHX)

 T. Rowe Price Global High Income Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PAIHX)

T. Rowe Price Global Industrials Fund (RPGIX)

T. Rowe Price Global Stock Fund (PRGSX)

 T. Rowe Price Global Stock Fund–Advisor Class (PAGSX)

T. Rowe Price Global Unconstrained Bond Fund (RPIEX)

 T. Rowe Price Global Unconstrained Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PAIEX)

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund (RPIBX)

 T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PAIBX)

T. Rowe Price International Concentrated Equity Fund (PRCNX)

 T. Rowe Price International Concentrated Equity Fund–Advisor Class (PRNCX)

T. Rowe Price International Discovery Fund (PRIDX)

2


T. Rowe Price International Growth & Income Fund (TRIGX)

 T. Rowe Price International Growth & Income Fund–Advisor Class (PAIGX)

 T. Rowe Price International Growth & Income Fund–R Class (RRIGX)

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund (PRITX)

 T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund–Advisor Class (PAITX)

 T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund–R Class (RRITX)

T. Rowe Price Japan Fund (PRJPX)

T. Rowe Price Latin America Fund (PRLAX)

T. Rowe Price New Asia Fund (PRASX)

T. Rowe Price Overseas Stock Fund (TROSX)

T. ROWE PRICE INTERNATIONAL INDEX FUND, INC.

T. Rowe Price International Equity Index Fund (PIEQX)

T. ROWE PRICE LIMITED DURATION INFLATION FOCUSED BOND FUND, INC. (formerly T. Rowe Price Inflation Focused Bond Fund) (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund–I Class (TBD)

T. ROWE PRICE MEDIA & TELECOMMUNICATIONS FUND, INC. (PRMTX)

T. ROWE PRICE MID-CAP GROWTH FUND, INC. (RPMGX)

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund–Advisor Class (PAMCX)

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund–R Class (RRMGX)

T. ROWE PRICE MID-CAP VALUE FUND, INC. (TRMCX)

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund–Advisor Class (TAMVX)

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund–R Class (RRMVX)

T. ROWE PRICE MULTI-SECTOR ACCOUNT PORTFOLIOS, INC. (“Multi-Sector Account Portfolios”)

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price High Yield Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Investment-Grade Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Mortgage-Backed Securities Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. ROWE PRICE NEW AMERICA GROWTH FUND (PRWAX)

T. Rowe Price New America Growth Fund–Advisor Class (PAWAX)

T. ROWE PRICE NEW ERA FUND, INC. (PRNEX)

T. ROWE PRICE NEW HORIZONS FUND, INC. (PRNHX)

T. ROWE PRICE NEW INCOME FUND, INC. (PRCIX)

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund–Advisor Class (PANIX)

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund–R Class (RRNIX)

T. ROWE PRICE PERSONAL STRATEGY FUNDS, INC. (“Personal Strategy Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Personal Strategy Balanced Fund (TRPBX)

T. Rowe Price Personal Strategy Growth Fund (TRSGX)

T. Rowe Price Personal Strategy Income Fund (PRSIX)

T. ROWE PRICE PRIME RESERVE FUND, INC. (PRRXX)

T. ROWE PRICE REAL ASSETS FUND, INC. (PRAFX)

T. ROWE PRICE REAL ESTATE FUND, INC. (TRREX)

T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund–Advisor Class (PAREX)

T. ROWE PRICE RESERVE INVESTMENT FUNDS, INC. (“TRP Reserve Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Government Reserve Investment Fund (“TRP Government Reserve
Investment Fund”)

T. Rowe Price Reserve Investment Fund (“TRP Reserve Investment Fund”)

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Government Reserve Fund

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Reserve Fund

T. ROWE PRICE RETIREMENT FUNDS, INC. (“Retirement Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund (TRRFX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund–Advisor Class (PARGX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund–R Class (RRTLX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund (TRRAX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund–Advisor Class (PARAX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund–R Class (RRTAX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund (TRRGX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund–Advisor Class (PARHX)

3


 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund–R Class (RRTMX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund (TRRBX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund–Advisor Class (PARBX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund–R Class (RRTBX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund (TRRHX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund–Advisor Class (PARJX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund–R Class (RRTNX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund (TRRCX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund–Advisor Class (PARCX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund–R Class (RRTCX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund (TRRJX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund–Advisor Class (PARKX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund–R Class (RRTPX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund (TRRDX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund–Advisor Class (PARDX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund–R Class (RRTDX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund (TRRKX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund–Advisor Class (PARLX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund–R Class (RRTRX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund (TRRMX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund–Advisor Class (PARFX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund–R Class (RRTFX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund (TRRNX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund–Advisor Class (PAROX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund–R Class RRTVX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund (TRRLX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund–Advisor Class (TRRYX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund–R Class (TRRZX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund (formerly T. Rowe Retirement Income Fund) (TRRIX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund–Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Retirement Income  Fund–Advisor Class) (PARIX)

 T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund–R Class (formerly T. Rowe Retirement Income Fund– R Class) (RRTIX)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2005 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2010 Fund—I Class (TBD

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2015 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2020 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2025 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2030 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2035 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2040 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2045 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2050 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2055 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2060 Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced I Fund—I Class (TBD)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2005 Fund (TRARX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2005 Fund–Advisor Class (PANRX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2010 Fund (TRROX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2010 Fund–Advisor Class (PAERX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2015 Fund (TRRTX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2015 Fund–Advisor Class (PAHRX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2020 Fund (TRRUX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2020 Fund–Advisor Class (PAIRX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2025 Fund (TRRVX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2025 Fund–Advisor Class (PAJRX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2030 Fund (TRRWX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2030 Fund–Advisor Class (PAKRX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2035 Fund (RPGRX)

4


 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2035 Fund–Advisor Class (PATVX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2040 Fund (TRHRX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2040 Fund–Advisor Class (PAHHX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2045 Fund (RPTFX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2045 Fund–Advisor Class (PAFFX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2050 Fund (TRFOX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2050 Fund–Advisor Class (PAOFX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2055 Fund (TRFFX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2055 Fund–Advisor Class (PAFTX)

T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2060 Fund (TRTFX)

 T. Rowe Price Target Retirement 2060 Fund–Advisor Class (TRTGX)

T. ROWE PRICE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FUND, INC. (PRSCX)

T. Rowe Price Science & Technology Fund–Advisor Class (PASTX)

T. ROWE PRICE SHORT-TERM BOND FUND, INC. (PRWBX)

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond Fund–Advisor Class (PASHX)

T. Rowe Price Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund (TRBUX)

T. ROWE PRICE SMALL-CAP STOCK FUND, INC. (OTCFX)

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Stock Fund–Advisor Class (PASSX)

T. ROWE PRICE SMALL-CAP VALUE FUND, INC. (PRSVX)

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Value Fund–Advisor Class (PASVX)

T. ROWE PRICE SPECTRUM FUND, INC. (“Spectrum Funds”)

Spectrum Growth Fund (PRSGX)

Spectrum Income Fund (RPSIX)

Spectrum International Fund (PSILX)

T. ROWE PRICE STATE TAX-FREE INCOME TRUST

Georgia Tax-Free Bond Fund (GTFBX)

Maryland Short-Term Tax-Free Bond Fund (PRMDX)

Maryland Tax-Free Bond Fund (MDXBX)

Maryland Tax-Free Money Fund (TMDXX)

New Jersey Tax-Free Bond Fund (NJTFX)

New York Tax-Free Bond Fund (PRNYX)

New York Tax-Free Money Fund (NYTXX)

Virginia Tax-Free Bond Fund (PRVAX)

T. ROWE PRICE SUMMIT FUNDS, INC. (“Summit Income Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Summit Cash Reserves Fund (TSCXX)

T. ROWE PRICE SUMMIT MUNICIPAL FUNDS, INC. (“Summit Municipal Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Money Market Fund (TRSXX)

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund (PRSMX)

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund–Advisor Class (PAIFX)

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Income Fund (PRINX)

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Income Fund–Advisor Class (PAIMX)

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-EFFICIENT FUNDS, INC. (“Tax-Efficient Funds”)

T. Rowe Price Tax-Efficient Equity Fund (PREFX)

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-EXEMPT MONEY FUND, INC. (PTEXX)

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC. (PRFHX)

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free High Yield Fund–Advisor Class (PATFX)

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE INCOME FUND, INC. (PRTAX)

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Income Fund–Advisor Class (PATAX)

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE SHORT-INTERMEDIATE FUND, INC. (PRFSX)

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund–Advisor Class (PATIX)

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund (PRTUX)

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. BOND ENHANCED INDEX FUND, INC. (PBDIX)

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. LARGE-CAP CORE FUND, INC. (TRULX)

T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund–Advisor Class (PAULX)

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. TREASURY FUNDS, INC. (“U.S. Treasury Funds”)

U.S. Treasury Intermediate Fund (PRTIX)

U.S. Treasury Long-Term Fund (PRULX)

U.S. Treasury Money Fund (PRTXX)

T. ROWE PRICE VALUE FUND, INC. (TRVLX)

5


T. Rowe Price Value Fund–Advisor Class (PAVLX)

Mailing Address:

T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc.
100 East Pratt Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21202
1-800-638-5660

This SAI is not a prospectus but should be read in conjunction with the appropriate current fund prospectus, which may be obtained from T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc. (“Investment Services”).

Each fund’s financial statements for its most recent fiscal period and the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm are included in each fund’s annual or semiannual report and incorporated by reference into this SAI. The Global High Income Bond Fund, Global High Income Bond Fund—Advisor Class, Global Unconstrained Bond Fund, Global Unconstrained Bond Fund—Advisor Class, Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund—I Class, Mid-Cap Index Fund, Mid-Cap Index Fund—I Class, Retirement 2060 Fund, Retirement 2060 Fund—Advisor Class, Retirement 2060 Fund—R Class, Retirement I 2005 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2010 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2015 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2020 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2025 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2030 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2035 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2040 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2045 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2050 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2055 Fund—I Class, Retirement I 2060 Fund—I Class, Retirement Balanced I Fund—I Class, Short-Term Government Reserve Fund, Small-Cap Index Fund, Small-Cap Index Fund—I Class, Target Retirement 2060 Fund, Target Retirement 2060 Fund—Advisor Class, and Tax–Free Ultra Short–Term Bond Fund have not been in operation long enough to have complete financial statements.

If you would like a prospectus or an annual or semiannual shareholder report for a fund, please visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-638-5660 and it will be sent to you at no charge. Please read this material carefully.

6


PART I – TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

  

Management of the Funds

16

Principal Holders of Securities

96

 

Investment Management Agreements

153

Third Party Arrangements

179

Page

  

Distributor for the Funds

186

Portfolio Transactions

190

Independent Registered Public

 

Accounting Firm

220

Part II

221

References to the following are as indicated:

Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (“Code”)

Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”)

Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“1940 Act”)

Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”)

Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“1933 Act”)

Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”)

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“1934 Act”)

Standard & Poor’s Corporation (“S&P”)

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (“T. Rowe Price”)

T. Rowe Price Hong Kong Limited (“Price Hong Kong”)

T. Rowe Price International Ltd (“T. Rowe Price International”)

T. Rowe Price Singapore Private Ltd. (“Price Singapore”)

Investor Class

The Investor Class is generally designed for individual investors, but is also available to institutions and a wide variety of other types of investors. The Investor Class may be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price or through a financial intermediary. A Price Fund (other than an Institutional Fund) that does not indicate a specific share class after its name is considered to be the Investor Class of that fund.

Advisor Class

The Advisor Class is designed to be sold only through brokers, dealers, banks, insurance companies, and other financial intermediaries that provide various distribution and administrative services. The Advisor Class cannot be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price and must be purchased through an intermediary.

I Class

The I Class generally requires a $1,000,000 initial investment minimum, although the minimum may be waived for retirement plans, intermediaries maintaining omnibus accounts, and certain other accounts. I Class shares are designed to be sold to corporations; endowments and foundations; charitable trusts; investment companies; defined benefit and defined contribution retirement plans; broker-dealers; registered investment advisers; banks and bank trust programs; Section 529 college savings plans; pooled investment vehicles; institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority; and certain individuals meeting the investment minimum or other specific criteria.

R Class

The R Class is designed to be sold only through various third-party intermediaries that offer employer-sponsored defined contribution retirement plans and certain other accounts, including brokers, dealers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and others. The R Class cannot be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price and must be purchased through an intermediary.

Institutional Funds

The Institutional Funds (other than their F Class shares) generally require a $1,000,000 initial investment minimum, although the minimum may be waived for retirement plans and certain investors maintaining

7


omnibus accounts. Institutional Funds are designed for institutional investors, which typically include corporations, banks, pension and other retirement plans, trust and investment companies, and certain other financial intermediaries. Institutional Funds may be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price or through a financial intermediary.

F Class

The F Class is designed to be sold only through financial advisors and certain third-party intermediaries, including brokers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and other financial intermediaries that provide various distribution and administrative services. F Class shares are not intended to be offered by intermediaries through a mutual fund “supermarket” platform. The F Class cannot be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price and must be purchased through an intermediary.

Mid-Cap Index Fund, Multi-Sector Account Portfolios, Small-Cap Index Fund, and TRP Reserve Funds

These funds are not available for direct purchase by members of the public. Shares of these funds may only be purchased by or on behalf of mutual funds, Section 529 college savings plans, or certain institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates has discretionary investment authority.

PART I

Below is a table showing the prospectus and shareholder report dates for each fund. The table also lists each fund’s category, which should be used to identify groups of funds that are referenced throughout this SAI.

      

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal Year End

Annual Report Date

Semiannual Report Date

Prospectus Date

Africa & Middle East

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Asia Opportunities

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Asia Opportunities Fund–Advisor Class

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Balanced

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Blue Chip Growth

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Blue Chip Growth Fund–Advisor Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Blue Chip Growth Fund–R Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

California Tax-Free Bond

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

California Tax-Free Money

State Tax-Free Money

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Capital Appreciation

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Capital Appreciation Fund–Advisor Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Capital Opportunity

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Capital Opportunity Fund–Advisor Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Capital Opportunity Fund–R Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Corporate Income

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Credit Opportunities

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Credit Opportunities Fund–Advisor Class

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Diversified Mid-Cap Growth

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Diversified Small-Cap Growth

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Dividend Growth

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

8


      

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal Year End

Annual Report Date

Semiannual Report Date

Prospectus Date

Dividend Growth Fund–Advisor Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Europe

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Emerging Markets Bond

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund–Advisor Class

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund–Advisor Class

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Local Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Stock

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Equity Income

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Equity Income Fund–Advisor Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Equity Income Fund–R Class

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Equity Index 500

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

European Stock

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Extended Equity Market Index

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Financial Services

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Floating Rate

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Floating Rate Fund–Advisor Class

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Floating Rate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

Taxable Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Georgia Tax-Free Bond

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Global Allocation

Asset Allocation

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Allocation Fund–Advisor Class

Asset Allocation

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Growth Stock

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Growth Stock Fund–Advisor Class

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global High Income Bond

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global High Income Bond Fund–Advisor Class

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Industrials

International Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Multi-Sector Bond

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund–Advisor Class

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Global Real Estate

International Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Real Estate Fund–Advisor Class

International Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Stock

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Stock Fund–Advisor Class

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

9