10-Q 1 cog-03312018x10q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
ý      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
Commission file number 1-10447
 
CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DELAWARE
 
04-3072771
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
Three Memorial City Plaza
840 Gessner Road, Suite 1400, Houston, Texas 77024
(Address of principal executive offices including ZIP code)
(281) 589-4600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer ý
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý
As of April 25, 2018, there were 451,487,754 shares of Common Stock, Par Value $0.10 Per Share, outstanding.



CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements
CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share amounts)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS
 
 

 
 

Current assets
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
964,928

 
$
480,047

Accounts receivable, net
 
170,000

 
216,004

Income taxes receivable
 
81,420

 
56,666

Inventories
 
12,448

 
8,006

Derivative instruments
 
5,551

 

Current assets held for sale
 

 
1,440

Other current assets
 
1,771

 
2,794

Total current assets
 
1,236,118

 
764,957

Properties and equipment, net (Successful efforts method)
 
3,146,252

 
3,072,204

Equity method investments
 
120,501

 
86,077

Assets held for sale
 
6,807

 
778,855

Derivative instruments
 
5,762

 
2,239

Other assets
 
22,961

 
23,012

 
 
$
4,538,401

 
$
4,727,344

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
174,662

 
$
238,045

Current portion of long-term debt
 
304,000

 
304,000

Accrued liabilities
 
11,570

 
27,441

Interest payable
 
12,257

 
27,575

Derivative instruments
 
8,002

 
30,637

Current liabilities held for sale
 

 
2,352

Total current liabilities
 
510,491

 
630,050

Long-term debt, net
 
1,218,231

 
1,217,891

Deferred income taxes
 
291,280

 
227,030

Asset retirement obligations
 
45,507

 
43,601

Liabilities held for sale
 
1,867

 
15,748

Postretirement benefits
 
29,722

 
29,396

Other liabilities
 
34,787

 
39,723

Total liabilities
 
2,131,885

 
2,203,439

Commitments and contingencies
 

 

Stockholders' equity
 
 

 
 

Common stock:
 
 

 
 

Authorized — 960,000,000 shares of $0.10 par value in 2018 and 2017, respectively
 
 

 
 

Issued — 476,081,339 shares and 475,547,419 shares in 2018 and 2017, respectively
 
47,608

 
47,555

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,742,668

 
1,742,419

Retained earnings
 
1,251,568

 
1,162,430

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
2,383

 
2,077

Less treasury stock, at cost:
 
 

 
 

23,263,707 shares and 14,935,926 shares in 2018 and 2017, respectively
 
(637,711
)
 
(430,576
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
2,406,516

 
2,523,905

 
 
$
4,538,401

 
$
4,727,344

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2018
 
2017
OPERATING REVENUES
 
 

 
 

   Natural gas
 
$
412,108

 
$
433,442

   Crude oil and condensate
 
48,722

 
42,990

   Gain on derivative instruments
 
5,577

 
33,384

   Brokered natural gas
 
4,950

 
4,695

   Other
 
1,870

 
3,332

 
 
473,227

 
517,843

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 

 
 

   Direct operations
 
20,070

 
24,641

   Transportation and gathering
 
112,125

 
123,474

   Brokered natural gas
 
4,950

 
4,046

   Taxes other than income
 
7,190

 
9,058

   Exploration
 
3,617

 
6,198

   Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
82,128

 
135,100

   General and administrative
 
24,060

 
23,700

 
 
254,140

 
326,217

Loss on equity method investments
 
(994
)
 
(1,283
)
Loss on sale of assets
 
(41,049
)
 
(223
)
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
 
177,044

 
190,120

Interest expense, net
 
20,058

 
20,771

Other expense
 
114

 
424

Income before income taxes
 
156,872

 
168,925

Income tax expense
 
39,641

 
63,205

NET INCOME
 
$
117,231

 
$
105,720

 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.26

 
$
0.23

Diluted
 
$
0.25

 
$
0.23

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
459,715

 
465,348

Diluted
 
461,549

 
466,888

 
 
 
 
 
Dividends per common share
 
$
0.06

 
$
0.02

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

  Net income
 
$
117,231

 
$
105,720

  Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
82,128

 
135,100

Deferred income tax expense
 
64,287

 
53,289

Loss on sale of assets
 
41,049

 
223

Exploratory dry hole cost
 
(60
)
 
2,842

Gain on derivative instruments
 
(5,577
)
 
(33,384
)
Net cash paid in settlement of derivative instruments
 
(26,131
)
 
(1,524
)
Loss on equity method investments
 
994

 
1,283

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
1,195

 
1,189

Stock-based compensation and other
 
5,184

 
8,283

  Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable, net
 
50,216

 
(1,738
)
Income taxes
 
(24,646
)
 
10,534

Inventories
 
(4,309
)
 
1,209

Other current assets
 
1,023

 
1,170

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(14,169
)
 
151

Interest payable
 
(15,318
)
 
(15,388
)
Other assets and liabilities
 
(337
)
 
419

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
272,760

 
269,378

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
 
(156,257
)
 
(208,384
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
 
646,545

 
374

Investment in equity method investments
 
(35,418
)
 
(7,742
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
454,870

 
(215,752
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

Treasury stock repurchases
 
(207,134
)
 

Dividends paid
 
(27,647
)
 
(9,306
)
Tax withholdings on vesting of stock awards
 
(7,968
)
 
(5,414
)
Other
 

 
37

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(242,749
)
 
(14,683
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
484,881

 
38,943

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
480,047

 
498,542

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
964,928

 
$
537,485

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


CABOT OIL & GAS CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
1. Financial Statement Presentation
During interim periods, Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation (the Company) follows the same accounting policies disclosed in its Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2017 (Form 10-K/A) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the consolidated financial statements and information presented in the Form 10-K/A. In management’s opinion, the accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement. The results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the expected results for the entire year.
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year statements to conform with the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously reported stockholders' equity, net income or cash flows.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue Recognition. In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Boards (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, as subsequently amended). ASC 606 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605 Revenue Recognition (ASC 605), and requires entities to recognize revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method.
The adoption of ASC 606 also included the adoption and modification of other guidance, particularly the creation of ASC 340-40 on costs to obtain or fulfill contracts with customers and ASC 610-20 on gains or losses on derecognition of nonfinancial assets. ASC 340-40 provides additional capitalization, amortization and impairment guidance for certain costs associated with obtaining or fulfilling contracts subject to ASC 606. ASC 610-20 provides guidance on the measurement and recognition of gains and losses for disposals of assets that are not the outputs of ordinary activities, such as sales of fixed assets, when they are not businesses or deconsolidation of subsidiaries. The guidance in ASC 610-20 largely aligns with the guidance in ASC 606. It also supersedes most guidance on real estate sales that was contained in ASC 360-20; however, it does not apply to conveyances of oil and gas interests, which continue to be governed by guidance in ASC 932 for oil and gas extractive activities.
There was no material effect from the adoption of ASC 340-40 or ASC 610-20 separate from those discussed from the adoption of ASC 606.
Financial Instruments. In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall, as an amendment to ASC Subtopic 825-10. The amendments in this update address certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. Among other items, this update will simplify the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. When a qualitative assessment indicates that impairment exists, an entity is required to measure the investment at fair value. This impairment assessment reduces the complexity of the other-than-temporary impairment guidance that entities follow currently. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's financial position, results of operation or cash flows.
Statement of Cash Flows. In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), which is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain transactions are classified in the statement of cash flows. The guidance addresses eight specific cash flow issues for which current accounting guidance is either unclear or does not include specific guidance. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018. In conjunction with the adoption, the Company made an accounting policy election to classify distributions it receives from its equity method investees based on the nature of distributions approach in which distributions received are classified on the basis of the nature of the activity that generated the distribution as either a return on investment (cash inflows from operating activities) or a return of investment (cash inflows from investing activities). The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's financial position, results of operation or cash flows.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new lease guidance supersedes Topic 840. The core principle of the guidance is that entities should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases.

6


This ASU does not apply to leases to explore for or use minerals, oil, natural gas and similar nonregenerative resources, including the intangible right to explore for those natural resources and rights to use the land in which those natural resources are contained. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. This ASU is to be adopted using a modified retrospective approach. The Company plans to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2019 and is currently evaluating the effect that adopting this guidance will have on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Additionally, in January 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842): Practical Expedient for Transition. The amendments in this update provide an optional transition to not evaluate existing or expired land easements that were not previously accounted for under current leases guidance in Topic 840. An entity that elects this practical expedient should evaluate new or modified land easements beginning at the date of adoption. An entity that does not elect this practical expedient should evaluate all existing or expired land easements in connection with the adoption of the new lease requirements in Topic 842 to assess whether they meet the definition of a lease. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance to determine whether or not to make use of this practical expedient.
Revenue Recognition
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and the related guidance in ASC 340-40 (the new revenue standard), and related guidance on gains and losses on derecognition of nonfinancial assets ASC 610-20, using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Under the modified retrospective method, the Company recognizes the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings; however, no significant adjustment was required as a result of adopting the new revenue standard. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under the new revenue standard. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the historic accounting standards in effect for those periods. The impact of the adoption of the new revenue standard is expected to be immaterial to the Company’s net income on an ongoing basis.
The Company’s revenue is typically generated from contracts to sell natural gas, crude oil or NGLs produced from interests in oil and gas properties owned by the Company. Contracts for the sale of natural gas and crude oil are evidenced by (1) base contracts for the sale and purchase of natural gas or crude oil, which document the general terms and conditions for the sale, and (2) transaction confirmations, which document the terms of each specific sale. These contracts generally require the Company to deliver a specific amount of a commodity per day for a specified number of days at a price that is either fixed or variable. The transaction confirmations specify a delivery point which represents the point at which control of the product is transferred to the customer. These contracts frequently meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815, and are accounted for as derivatives unless the Company elects to treat them as normal sales as permitted under that guidance. The Company typically elects to treat contracts to sell oil and gas production as normal sales, which are then accounted for as contracts with customers. The Company has determined that these contracts represent multiple performance obligations which are satisfied when control of the commodity transfers to the customer, typically through the delivery of the specified commodity to a designated delivery point.
Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in the contract with the customer, and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognizes revenue in the amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for transferring control of those goods to the customer. The contract consideration in the Company’s variable price contracts are typically allocated to specific performance obligations in the contract according to the price stated in the contract. Amounts allocated in the Company’s fixed price contracts are based on the standalone selling price of those products in the context of long-term, fixed price contracts, which generally approximates the contract price. Payment is generally received one or two months after the sale has occurred.
Gain or loss on derivative instruments is outside the scope of ASC 606 and is not considered revenue from contracts with customers subject to ASC 606. The Company may use financial or physical contracts accounted for as derivatives as economic hedges to manage price risk associated with normal sales, or in limited cases may use them for contracts the Company intends to physically settle but do not meet all of the criteria to be treated as normal sales.
Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction, and that are collected by the Company from a customer, are excluded from revenue.
Producer Gas Imbalances. The Company applies the sales method of accounting for natural gas revenue. Under this method, revenues are recognized based on the actual volume of natural gas sold to purchasers. Natural gas production operations may include joint owners who take more or less than the production volumes entitled to them on certain properties. Production volume is monitored to minimize these natural gas imbalances. Under this method, a natural gas imbalance liability is recorded if the Company's excess takes of natural gas exceed its estimated remaining proved developed reserves for these properties at the actual price realized upon the gas sale. A receivable is recognized only to the extent an imbalance cannot be

7


recouped from the reserves in the underlying properties. The Company’s aggregate imbalance positions at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were not material.
Brokered Natural Gas. Revenues and expenses related to brokered natural gas are reported gross as part of operating revenues and operating expenses in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The Company buys and sells natural gas utilizing separate purchase and sale transactions, typically with separate counterparties, whereby the Company and/or the counterparty obtains control of the natural gas purchased or sold.
Disaggregation of Revenue. The following table presents revenues disaggregated by product:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017(1)
OPERATING REVENUES
 
 
 
 
Natural gas
 
$
412,108

 
$
433,442

Crude oil and condensate
 
48,722

 
42,990

Brokered natural gas
 
4,950

 
4,695

Other
 
1,870

 
3,332

Total revenues from contracts with customers
 
467,650

 
484,459

Gain on derivative instruments
 
5,577

 
33,384

Total operating revenues
 
$
473,227

 
$
517,843

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
As noted above, prior period amounts have not been adjusted under the modified retrospective method.
All of the Company’s revenues from contracts with customers represent products transferred at a point in time as control is transferred to the customer and are generated in the United States.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations. A significant number of the Company’s product sales are short-term in nature with a contract term of one year or less. For those contracts, the Company has utilized the practical expedient exempting the Company from disclosure of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations if the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less.
As of March 31, 2018, the Company has $15.3 million of unsatisfied performance obligations related to natural gas sales that have a fixed pricing component and a contract term greater than one year. The Company expects to recognize these obligations over the next five years.
Contract Balances. Receivables from contracts with customers are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional, generally when control of the product has been transferred to the customer. Receivables from contracts with customers were $161.1 million and $215.5 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and are reported in accounts receivable, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company currently has no assets or liabilities related to its revenue contracts, including no upfront or rights to deficiency payments.
Practical Expedients. The Company has made use of certain practical expedients in adopting the new revenue standard, including the value of unsatisfied performance obligations are not disclosed for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, (ii) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which the Company has the right to invoice, (iii) variable consideration which is allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation and meets the variable allocation criteria in the standard and (iv) only contracts that are not completed at transition.
The Company has not adjusted the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component if the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to the customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.

8


2. Properties and Equipment, Net
Properties and equipment, net are comprised of the following:
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Proved oil and gas properties
 
$
5,082,995

 
$
4,932,512

Unproved oil and gas properties
 
194,003

 
190,474

Gathering and pipeline systems
 
1,569

 
1,569

Land, building and other equipment
 
81,957

 
82,670

 
 
5,360,524

 
5,207,225

Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
(2,214,272
)
 
(2,135,021
)
 
 
$
3,146,252

 
$
3,072,204

At March 31, 2018, the Company did not have any projects that had exploratory well costs capitalized for a period of greater than one year after drilling.
Divestitures
In February 2018, the Company sold its operated and non-operated Eagle Ford Shale assets for $765.0 million. During the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company classified these assets as held for sale and recorded an impairment charge of $414.3 million associated with the proposed sale of these properties. Upon closing the sale in the first quarter of 2018, the Company recognized a loss on sale of oil and gas properties of $44.8 million.
3. Equity Method Investments
The Company holds a 25% equity interest in Constitution Pipeline Company, LLC (Constitution) and a 20% equity interest in Meade Pipeline Co LLC (Meade). Activity related to these equity method investments is as follows:
 
 
Constitution
 
Meade
 
Total
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
732

 
$
96,850

 
$
85,345

 
$
32,674

 
$
86,077

 
$
129,524

Contributions
 
250

 
1,125

 
35,168

 
6,617

 
35,418

 
7,742

Loss on equity method investments
 
(982
)
 
(1,282
)
 
(12
)
 
(1
)
 
(994
)
 
(1,283
)
Balance at end of period
 
$

 
$
96,693

 
$
120,501

 
$
39,290

 
$
120,501

 
$
135,983

During 2018, the Company expects to contribute approximately $60.0 million to its equity method investments. For further information regarding the Company’s equity method investments, refer to Note 4 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K/A.
Constitution
As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s carrying value of its investment in Constitution is less than its proportionate share of Constitution’s net assets by $95.9 million. This basis difference is due to the Company’s impairment recorded in the fourth quarter of 2017 and relates entirely to the pipeline assets of Constitution. The Company expects to amortize this basis difference once the related assets of Constitution are placed in service, which may or may not occur, depending on the outcome of the legal and regulatory process related to certain permitting matters.
The Company remains committed to funding the project in an amount proportionate to its ownership interest for the development and construction of the new pipeline.

9


4. Debt and Credit Agreements
The Company’s debt and credit agreements consisted of the following:
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Total debt
 
 
 
 
6.51% weighted-average senior notes (1)
 
$
361,000

 
$
361,000

9.78% senior notes (2)
 
67,000

 
67,000

5.58% weighted-average senior notes
 
175,000

 
175,000

3.65% weighted-average senior notes
 
925,000

 
925,000

Revolving credit facility
 

 

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(5,769
)
 
(6,109
)
 
 
$
1,522,231

 
$
1,521,891

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1) Includes $237.0 million of current portion of long-term debt at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
(2) Includes $67.0 million of current portion of long-term debt at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The borrowing base under the terms of the Company's revolving credit facility is redetermined annually in April. In addition, either the Company or the banks may request an interim redetermination twice a year or in connection with certain acquisitions or divestitures of oil and gas properties. Effective April 18, 2018, the borrowing base and available commitments were reaffirmed at $3.2 billion and $1.7 billion, respectively.
At March 31, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all restrictive financial covenants for both its revolving credit facility and senior notes.
At March 31, 2018, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under its revolving credit facility and had unused commitments of $1.7 billion.
5. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
As of March 31, 2018, the Company had the following outstanding financial commodity derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basis Swaps
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Swaps
 
Type of Contract
 
Volume
 
Contract Period
 
Weighted-Average
 
Weighted-Average
Financial contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas (Leidy)
 
26.7

Bcf
 
Apr. 2018 - Dec. 2018
 


 
$
(0.69
)
Natural gas (Transco)
 
18.7

Bcf
 
Apr. 2018 - Dec. 2019
 


 
$
0.42

Natural gas (NYMEX)
 
69.5

Bcf
 
Apr. 2018 - Dec. 2018
 
$
2.93

 
 
Natural gas (NYMEX)
 
10.4

Bcf
 
Apr. 2018 - Oct. 2018
 
$
3.10

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company had the following outstanding physical commodity derivatives:
Type of Contract
 
Volume
 
Contract Period
 
Weighted-Average Fixed Price
Physical contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas purchase
 
10.4

 
Bcf
 
Apr. 2018 - Oct. 2018
 
$
3.67

In the tables above, natural gas prices are stated per Mcf.

10


Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
(In thousands)
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Commodity contracts
 
Derivative instruments (current)
 
$
5,551

 
$

 
$
8,002

 
$
30,637

Commodity contracts
 
Derivative instruments (non-current)
 
5,762

 
2,239

 

 

 
 
 
 
$
11,313

 
$
2,239

 
$
8,002

 
$
30,637

Offsetting of Derivative Assets and Liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Derivative assets
 
 

 
 

Gross amounts of recognized assets
 
$
11,950

 
$
2,239

Gross amounts offset in the statement of financial position
 
(637
)
 

Net amounts of assets presented in the statement of financial position
 
11,313

 
2,239

Gross amounts of financial instruments not offset in the statement of financial position
 
4,728

 

Net amount
 
$
16,041

 
$
2,239

 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
 
 

 
 

Gross amounts of recognized liabilities
 
$
8,639

 
$
30,637

Gross amounts offset in the statement of financial position
 
(637
)
 

Net amounts of liabilities presented in the statement of financial position
 
8,002

 
30,637

Gross amounts of financial instruments not offset in the statement of financial position
 
5,534

 
241

Net amount
 
$
13,536

 
$
30,878

Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Cash received (paid) on settlement of derivative instruments
 
 

 
 

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
$
(26,131
)
 
$
(1,524
)
Non-cash gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
 

 
 

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
31,708

 
34,908

 
 
$
5,577

 
$
33,384

6. Fair Value Measurements
The Company follows the authoritative guidance for measuring fair value of assets and liabilities in its financial statements. For further information regarding the fair value hierarchy, refer to Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K/A.

11


Financial Assets and Liabilities
The following fair value hierarchy table presents information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
(In thousands)
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance at  
 March 31, 2018
Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
15,717

 
$

 
$

 
$
15,717

Derivative instruments
 

 
3,326

 
7,987

 
11,313

     Total assets
 
$
15,717

 
$
3,326

 
$
7,987

 
$
27,030

Liabilities
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
27,605

 
$

 
$

 
$
27,605

Derivative instruments
 

 

 
8,002

 
8,002

     Total liabilities
 
$
27,605

 
$

 
$
8,002

 
$
35,607

(In thousands)
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance at  
 December 31, 2017
Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
14,966

 
$

 
$

 
$
14,966

Derivative instruments
 

 

 
2,239

 
2,239

     Total assets
 
$
14,966

 
$

 
$
2,239

 
$
17,205

Liabilities
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
29,145

 
$

 
$

 
$
29,145

Derivative instruments
 

 

 
30,637

 
30,637

     Total liabilities
 
$
29,145

 
$

 
$
30,637

 
$
59,782

The Company’s investments associated with its deferred compensation plan consist of mutual funds and deferred shares of the Company’s common stock that are publicly traded and for which market prices are readily available.
The derivative instruments were measured based on quotes from the Company’s counterparties or internal models. Such quotes and models have been derived using an income approach that considers various inputs including current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, quoted forward prices for natural gas and crude oil, basis differentials, volatility factors and interest rates, such as a LIBOR curve for a similar length of time as the derivative contract term as applicable. Estimates are verified using relevant NYMEX futures contracts and/or are compared to multiple quotes obtained from counterparties for reasonableness. The determination of the fair values presented above also incorporates a credit adjustment for non-performance risk. The Company measured the non-performance risk of its counterparties by reviewing credit default swap spreads for the various financial institutions with which it has derivative transactions, while non-performance risk of the Company is evaluated using a market credit spread provided by the Company’s bank. The Company has not incurred any losses related to non-performance risk of its counterparties and does not anticipate any material impact on its financial results due to non-performance by third parties.
The most significant unobservable inputs relative to the Company’s Level 3 derivative contracts are basis differentials and volatility factors. An increase (decrease) in these unobservable inputs would result in an increase (decrease) in fair value, respectively. The Company does not have access to the specific assumptions used in its counterparties’ valuation models. Consequently, additional disclosures regarding significant Level 3 unobservable inputs were not provided.

12


The following table sets forth a reconciliation of changes in the fair value of financial assets and liabilities classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(28,398
)
 
$
(15,868
)
Total gain (loss) included in earnings
 
6,628

 
21,918

Settlement (gain) loss
 
21,755

 
(981
)
Transfers in and/or out of level 3
 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(15
)
 
$
5,069

 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains (losses) relating to assets and liabilities still held at the end of the period
 
$
2,217

 
$
20,937

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.
Non-Financial Assets and Liabilities
The Company discloses or recognizes its non-financial assets and liabilities, such as impairments, at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. As none of the Company’s other non-financial assets and liabilities were measured at fair value as of March 31, 2018, additional disclosures were not required.
The estimated fair value of the Company’s asset retirement obligations at inception is determined by utilizing the income approach by applying a credit-adjusted risk-free rate, which takes into account the Company’s credit risk, the time value of money, and the current economic state to the undiscounted expected abandonment cash flows. Given the unobservable nature of the inputs, the measurement of the asset retirement obligations was classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments
The estimated fair value of other financial instruments is the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged currently between willing parties. The carrying amount reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet for cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. Cash and cash equivalents are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy and the remaining financial instruments are classified as Level 2.
The Company uses available market data and valuation methodologies to estimate the fair value of debt. The fair value of debt is the estimated amount the Company would have to pay a third party to assume the debt, including a credit spread for the difference between the issue rate and the period end market rate. The credit spread is the Company’s default or repayment risk. The credit spread (premium or discount) is determined by comparing the Company’s senior notes and revolving credit facility to new issuances (secured and unsecured) and secondary trades of similar size and credit statistics for both public and private debt. The fair value of all senior notes and the revolving credit facility is based on interest rates currently available to the Company. The Company’s debt is valued using an income approach and classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
The carrying amount and fair value of debt is as follows:
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
(In thousands)
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Estimated Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Estimated Fair
Value
Long-term debt
 
$
1,522,231

 
$
1,499,909

 
$
1,521,891

 
$
1,527,624

Current maturities
 
(304,000
)
 
(308,846
)
 
(304,000
)
 
(312,055
)
Long-term debt, excluding current maturities
 
$
1,218,231

 
$
1,191,063

 
$
1,217,891

 
$
1,215,569


13


7. Asset Retirement Obligations
Activity related to the Company’s asset retirement obligations is as follows:
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2018
Balance at beginning of period(1)
 
$
48,553

Liabilities incurred
 
1,546

Liabilities settled
 
(413
)
Liabilities divested
 
(3,782
)
Accretion expense
 
603

Balance at end of period(2)
 
$
46,507

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Includes $5.0 million of current asset retirement obligations included in accrued liabilities at December 31, 2017.
(2)
Includes $1.0 million of current asset retirement obligations included in accrued liabilities at March 31, 2018.
8. Commitments and Contingencies
Contractual Obligations
The Company has various contractual obligations in the normal course of its operations. There have been no material changes to the Company’s contractual obligations described under “Transportation and Gathering Agreements” and "Lease Commitments” as disclosed in Note 9 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K/A.
Legal Matters
The Company is a defendant in various legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. All known liabilities are accrued when management determines they are probable based on its best estimate of the potential loss. While the outcome and impact of these legal proceedings on the Company cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the resolution of these proceedings will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Contingency Reserves. When deemed necessary, the Company establishes reserves for certain legal proceedings. The establishment of a reserve is based on an estimation process that includes the advice of legal counsel and subjective judgment of management. While management believes these reserves to be adequate, it is reasonably possible that the Company could incur additional losses with respect to those matters in which reserves have been established. The Company believes that any such amount above the amounts accrued would not be material to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Future changes in facts and circumstances not currently foreseeable could result in the actual liability exceeding the estimated ranges of loss and amounts accrued.
9. Capital Stock
Treasury Stock
In February 2018, the Board of Directors authorized an increase of 25.0 million shares to the Company’s share repurchase program. After this authorization, the total number of shares available for repurchase is 30.1 million shares. Under the share repurchase program, the Company may purchase shares of common stock in the open market or in negotiated transactions. The timing and amount of any stock purchases are determined at the discretion of management. The Company may use the repurchased shares to fund stock compensation programs currently in existence, or for other corporate purposes. All purchases executed to date have been through open market transactions. There is no expiration date associated with the authorization to repurchase common stock of the Company.
During the first three months of 2018, the Company repurchased 8.3 million shares for a total cost of $207.1 million. As of March 31, 2018, 21.7 million shares are available for repurchase under the share repurchase program.
No treasury shares have been delivered or sold by the Company subsequent to the repurchase. As of March 31, 201823.3 million shares were held as treasury stock.

14


Subsequent Event. Subsequent to March 31, 2018, the Company repurchased 1.6 million shares for a total cost of $38.5 million under a Rule 10b5-1 Plan. The plan expires on April 30, 2018.
10. Stock-based Compensation
General
From time to time the Company grants certain stock-based compensation awards, including restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and performance share awards. Stock-based compensation expense associated with these awards was $5.4 million and $8.3 million in the first quarter of 2018 and 2017, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense is included in general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
Refer to Note 13 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K/A for further description of the various types of stock-based compensation awards and the applicable award terms.
Restricted Stock Units
During the first three months of 2018, 71,400 restricted stock units were granted to non-employee directors of the Company with a weighted-average grant date value of $23.42 per unit. The fair value of these units is measured based on the closing stock price on grant date and compensation expense is recorded immediately. These units immediately vest and are issued when the director ceases to be a director of the Company.
Performance Share Awards
The performance period for the awards granted during the first three months of 2018 commenced on January 1, 2018 and ends on December 31, 2020. The Company used an annual forfeiture rate assumption ranging from 0% to 5% for purposes of recognizing stock-based compensation expense for its performance share awards.
Performance Share Awards Based on Internal Performance Metrics
The fair value of performance share award grants based on internal performance metrics is based on the closing stock price on the grant date. Each performance share award represents the right to receive up to 100% of the award in shares of common stock. Based on the Company’s probability assessment at March 31, 2018, it is considered probable that the criteria for all performance awards based on internal metrics awards will be met.
Employee Performance Share Awards. During the first three months of 2018, 531,670 Employee Performance Share Awards were granted at a grant date value of $23.25 per share. The performance metrics are set by the Company’s compensation committee and are based on the Company’s average production, average finding costs and average reserve replacement over a three-year performance period.
Hybrid Performance Share Awards. During the first three months of 2018, 321,720 Hybrid Performance Share Awards were granted at a grant date value of $23.25 per share. The 2018 awards vest 25% on each of the first and second anniversary dates and 50% on the third anniversary, provided that the Company has $100 million or more of operating cash flow for the year preceding the vesting date, as set by the Company’s compensation committee. If the Company does not meet the performance metric for the applicable period, then the portion of the performance shares that would have been issued on that anniversary date will be forfeited.
Performance Share Awards Based on Market Conditions
These awards have both an equity and liability component, with the right to receive up to the first 100% of the award in shares of common stock and the right to receive up to an additional 100% of the value of the award in excess of the equity component in cash. The equity portion of these awards is valued on the grant date and is not marked to market, while the liability portion of the awards is valued as of the end of each reporting period on a mark-to-market basis. The Company calculates the fair value of the equity and liability portions of the awards using a Monte Carlo simulation model.
TSR Performance Share Awards. During the first three months of 2018, 482,581 TSR Performance Share Awards were granted and are earned, or not earned, based on the comparative performance of the Company’s common stock measured against a predetermined group of companies in the Company’s peer group over a three-year performance period.

15


The following assumptions were used to determine the grant date fair value of the equity component (February 21, 2018) and the period-end fair value of the liability component of the TSR Performance Share Awards:
 
 
Grant Date
 
March 31, 2018
Fair value per performance share award
 
$
19.92

 
$8.44-$17.09
Assumptions:
 
 

 
 
     Stock price volatility
 
37.3
%
 
26.0% - 38.1%
     Risk free rate of return
 
2.40
%
 
2.00% - 2.35%
11. Earnings per Common Share
Basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is similarly calculated except that the common shares outstanding for the period is increased using the treasury stock method to reflect the potential dilution that could occur if outstanding stock appreciation rights were exercised and stock awards were vested at the end of the applicable period. Anti-dilutive shares represent potentially dilutive securities that are excluded from the computation of diluted income or loss per share as their impact would be anti-dilutive.
The following is a calculation of basic and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted-average shares - basic
 
459,715

 
465,348

Dilution effect of stock appreciation rights and stock awards at end of period
 
1,834

 
1,540

Weighted-average shares - diluted
 
461,549

 
466,888

The following is a calculation of weighted-average shares excluded from diluted EPS due to the anti-dilutive effect:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted-average stock appreciation rights and stock awards excluded from diluted EPS due to the anti-dilutive effect calculated using the treasury stock method
 
608

 
477

12. Income Taxes
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. enacted tax legislation referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Tax Act) which significantly changes U.S. corporate income tax laws beginning, generally, in 2018. These changes include, among others, (i) a permanent reduction of the U.S. corporate income tax rate from a top marginal rate of 35% to a flat rate of 21%, (ii) elimination of the corporate alternative minimum tax, (iii) immediate deductions for certain new investments instead of deductions for depreciation expense over time, (iv) limitation on the tax deduction for interest expense to 30% of adjusted taxable income, (v) limitation of the deduction for net operating losses to 80% of current year taxable income and elimination of net operating loss carrybacks, and (vi) elimination of many business deductions and credits, including the domestic production activities deduction, the deduction for entertainment expenditures, and the deduction for certain executive compensation in excess of $1 million. The Company included the impacts of the Tax Act in the fourth quarter 2017 consolidated financial statements, and no changes were made to those provisional amounts during the first quarter 2018. The Company will continue to examine the impact of this legislation and future regulations. Additional impacts from the enactment of the Tax Act will be recorded as they are identified during the measurement period as provided for in SAB No. 118, which extends up to one year from the enactment date. The first quarter 2018 tax provision reflects the law changes noted above, including the new corporate tax rate of 21%.
Income tax expense decreased $23.6 million due to a lower effective tax rate and slightly lower pre tax income. The effective tax rates for the first three months of 2018 and 2017 were 25.3% and 37.4%, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate is primarily due to the impact of the Tax Act law changes that were effective January 1, 2018, partially offset by an increase in the blended state statutory tax rate as a result of changes in the Company's state apportionment factors due to the Eagle Ford Shale asset divestiture in February 2018.

16


13. Additional Balance Sheet Information
Certain balance sheet amounts are comprised of the following:
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Accounts receivable, net
 
 

 
 

Trade accounts
 
$
161,085

 
$
215,511

Joint interest accounts
 
673

 
467

Other accounts
 
9,528

 
1,312

 
 
171,286

 
217,290

Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(1,286
)
 
(1,286
)
 
 
$
170,000

 
$
216,004

Other assets
 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
15,717

 
$
14,966

Debt issuance costs
 
7,136

 
7,990

Other accounts
 
108

 
56

 
 
$
22,961

 
$
23,012

Accounts payable
 
 

 
 

Trade accounts
 
$
19,858

 
$
7,815

Natural gas purchases
 
3,468

 
4,299

Royalty and other owners
 
27,614

 
39,207

Accrued transportation
 
46,704

 
51,433

Accrued capital costs
 
42,162

 
31,130

Taxes other than income
 
20,087

 
16,801

Deposits received for asset sales
 
5,000

 
81,500

Other accounts
 
9,769

 
5,860

 
 
$
174,662

 
$
238,045

Accrued liabilities
 
 

 
 

Employee benefits
 
$
8,431

 
$
20,645

Taxes other than income
 
1,525

 
550

Income taxes payable
 
109

 

Asset retirement obligations
 
1,000

 
4,952

Other accounts
 
505

 
1,294

 
 
$
11,570

 
$
27,441

Other liabilities
 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan
 
$
27,605

 
$
29,145

Other accounts
 
7,182

 
10,578

 
 
$
34,787

 
$
39,723


17


ITEM 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following review of operations for the three month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes included in this Form 10-Q and with the Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in the Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2017 (Form 10-K/A).
OVERVIEW
Financial and Operating Overview
Financial and operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2017 are as follows:
Equivalent production decreased 0.5 Bcfe, or 0.3%, from 170.1 Bcfe, or 1,889.6 Mmcfe per day, in 2017 to 169.6 Bcfe, or 1,884.2 Mmcfe per day, in 2018.
Natural gas production increased 0.8 Bcf, or 0.5%, from 163.8 Bcf in 2017 to 164.6 Bcf in 2018, as a result of drilling and completion activities in Pennsylvania.
Crude oil/condensate/NGL production decreased 0.2 Mmbbls, or 21%, from 1.0 Mmbbls in 2017 to 0.8 Mmbbls in 2018, as result of the sale of our Eagle Ford Shale assets in February 2018.
Average realized natural gas price was $2.44 per Mcf, 8% lower than the $2.64 per Mcf realized in the comparable period of the prior year.
Average realized crude oil price was $63.61 per Bbl, 36% higher than the $46.73 per Bbl realized in the comparable period of the prior year.
Total capital expenditures were $167.3 million compared to $212.2 million in the comparable period of the prior year.
Drilled 15 gross wells (15.0 net) with a success rate of 100% compared to 21 gross wells (21.0 net) with a success rate of 95.2% for the comparable period of the prior year.
Completed 11 gross wells (11.0 net) in 2018 compared to 25 gross wells (24.0 net) in 2017.
Average rig count during 2018 was approximately 2.8 rigs in the Marcellus Shale and approximately 1.0 rigs in other areas, compared to an average rig count in the Marcellus Shale of approximately 2.0 rigs and approximately 1.0 rigs in the Eagle Ford Shale during 2017.
Received net proceeds of $646.5 million primarily related to the divestiture of our Eagle Ford Shale assets in south Texas in February 2018.
Repurchased 8.3 million shares of our common stock for a total cost of $207.1 million in 2018.
Market Conditions and Commodity Prices
Our financial results depend on many factors, particularly the price of natural gas and crude oil and our ability to market our production on economically attractive terms. Commodity prices are affected by many factors outside of our control, including changes in market supply and demand, which are impacted by pipeline capacity constraints, inventory storage levels, basis differentials, weather conditions and other factors. In addition, our realized prices are further impacted by our hedging activities. As a result, we cannot accurately predict future commodity prices and, therefore, cannot determine with any degree of certainty what effect increases or decreases in these prices will have on our capital program, production volumes or revenues. We expect natural gas and crude oil prices to remain volatile. In addition to production volumes and commodity prices, finding and developing sufficient amounts of natural gas and crude oil reserves at economical costs are critical to our long-term success. For information about the impact of realized commodity prices on our natural gas and crude oil and condensate revenues, refer to “Results of Operations” below.
We account for our derivative instruments on a mark-to-market basis with changes in fair value recognized in operating revenues in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. As a result of these mark-to-market adjustments, we will likely experience volatility in our earnings due to commodity price volatility. Refer to “Impact of Derivative Instruments on Operating Revenues” below and Note 5 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

18


Commodity prices have remained volatile but have improved during 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. In the event that commodity prices significantly decline, management would test the recoverability of the carrying value of its oil and gas properties and, if necessary, record an impairment charge.
We believe that we are well-positioned to manage the challenges presented in a depressed commodity pricing environment, and that we can endure the continued volatility in current and future commodity prices by:
Continuing to exercise discipline in our capital program with the expectation of funding our capital expenditures with cash on hand, operating cash flows, and if required, borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
Continuing to optimize our drilling, completion and operational efficiencies, resulting in lower operating costs per unit of production.
Continuing to manage our balance sheet, which we believe provides sufficient availability under our revolving credit facility and existing cash balances to meet our capital requirements and maintain compliance with our debt covenants.
Continuing to manage price risk by strategically hedging our natural gas and crude oil production.
Outlook
Our full year 2018 capital spending program includes approximately $890.0 million in capital expenditures related to our drilling and completion program, leasehold acquisitions and contributions of approximately $60.0 million to our equity method investments. All such expenditures are expected to be funded by existing cash, operating cash flow and if required, borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
In 2017, we drilled 91 gross wells (82.5 net) and completed 105 gross wells (94.2 net), of which 50 gross wells (44.3 net) were drilled but uncompleted in prior years. In 2018, we plan to allocate the majority of our capital to the Marcellus Shale, where we expect to drill 85 gross wells (85.0 net) and complete 95 gross wells (95.0 net). We will continue to assess the natural gas environment along with our liquidity position and may increase or decrease our capital expenditures accordingly.
Financial Condition
Capital Resources and Liquidity
Our primary sources of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were from the sale of natural gas and crude oil production and proceeds from the sale of assets. These cash flows were primarily used to fund our capital expenditures, contributions to our equity method investments, interest payments on debt, repurchase of shares of our common stock and payment of dividends. See below for additional discussion and analysis of cash flow.
The borrowing base under the terms of our revolving credit facility is redetermined annually in April. In addition, either we or the banks may request an interim redetermination twice a year or in connection with certain acquisitions or divestitures of oil and gas properties. Effective April 18, 2018, the borrowing base and available commitments were reaffirmed at $3.2 billion and $1.7 billion, respectively. There were no borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility as of March 31, 2018.
A decline in commodity prices could result in the future reduction of our borrowing base and related commitments under the revolving credit facility. Unless commodity prices decline significantly from current levels, we do not believe that any such reductions would have a significant impact on our ability to service our debt and fund our drilling program and related operations.
We strive to manage our debt at a level below the available credit line in order to maintain borrowing capacity. Our revolving credit facility includes a covenant limiting our total debt. We believe that, with the existing cash on hand, operating cash flow and availability under our revolving credit facility, we have the capacity to fund our spending plans.
At March 31, 2018, we were in compliance with all restrictive financial covenants for both the revolving credit facility and senior notes. See our Form 10-K/A for further discussion of our restrictive financial covenants.

19


Cash Flows
Our cash flows from operating activities, investing activities and financing activities are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows provided by operating activities
 
$
272,760

 
$
269,378

Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities
 
454,870

 
(215,752
)
Cash flows used in financing activities
 
(242,749
)
 
(14,683
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
484,881

 
$
38,943

Operating Activities. Operating cash flow fluctuations are substantially driven by commodity prices, changes in our production volumes and operating expenses. Prices for natural gas and crude oil have historically been volatile, primarily as a result of supply and demand for natural gas and crude oil, pipeline infrastructure constraints, basis differentials, inventory storage levels and seasonal influences. In addition, fluctuations in cash flow may result in an increase or decrease in our capital expenditures. We are unable to predict future commodity prices and, as a result, cannot provide any assurance about future levels of net cash provided by operating activities.
Our working capital is substantially influenced by the variables discussed above and fluctuates based on the timing and amount of borrowings and repayments under our revolving credit facility, repayments of debt, the timing of cash collections and payments on our trade accounts receivable and payable, respectively, repurchases of our securities and changes in the fair value of our commodity derivative activity. From time to time, our working capital will reflect a deficit, while at other times it will reflect a surplus. This fluctuation is not unusual. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had a working capital surplus of $725.6 million and $134.9 million, respectively.
Net cash provided by operating activities in the first three months of 2018 increased by $3.4 million compared to the first three months of 2017. This increase was primarily due to lower cash operating expenses, partially offset by lower operating revenues and higher cash derivative settlement payments. The decrease in operating revenues was primarily due to a decrease in realized natural gas prices and lower equivalent production, partially offset by higher crude oil prices. Average realized natural gas prices decreased by 8% and crude oil prices increased 36%, respectively, for the first three months of 2018 compared to the first three months of 2017. Equivalent production was flat for the first three months of 2018 compared to the first three months of 2017 due to slightly higher natural gas production in the Marcellus Shale, offset by lower crude oil production due to the Eagle Ford Shale divestiture in February 2018.
See “Results of Operations” for additional information relative to commodity price, production and operating expense fluctuations.
Investing Activities. Cash flows provided by investing activities increased by $670.6 million for the first three months of 2018 compared to the first three months of 2017. The increase was due to $646.2 million higher proceeds from the sale of assets primarily due to the divestiture of our Eagle Ford Shale assets in February 2018 and $52.1 million lower capital expenditures. These increases were partially offset by $27.7 million higher capital contributions associated with our equity method investments.
Financing Activities. Cash flows used in financing activities increased by $228.1 million for the first three months of 2018 compared to the first three months of 2017. This increase was primarily due to $207.1 million of repurchases of our common stock in 2018 and $18.3 million of higher dividend payments related to an increase in our dividend rate from $0.02 per share for the first three months of 2017 to $0.06 per share in the first three months of 2018.

20


Capitalization
Information about our capitalization is as follows:
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Debt (1)
 
$
1,522,231

 
$
1,521,891

Stockholders' equity
 
2,406,516

 
2,523,905

Total capitalization
 
$
3,928,747

 
$
4,045,796

Debt to total capitalization
 
39
%
 
38
%
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
964,928

 
$
480,047

 
(1) 
Includes $304.0 million of current portion of long-term debt at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
During the first three months of 2018, we repurchased 8.3 million shares of our common stock for $207.1 million. During the first three months of 2018 and 2017, we paid dividends of $27.6 million ($0.06 per share) and $9.3 million ($0.02 per share), respectively, on our common stock.
In January 2018, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the quarterly dividend on our common stock from $0.05 per share to $0.06 per share.
Subsequent to March 31, 2018, the Company repurchased 1.6 million shares for a total cost of $38.5 million under a Rule 10b5-1 Plan. The plan expires on April 30, 2018.
Capital and Exploration Expenditures
On an annual basis, we generally fund most of our capital expenditures, excluding any significant property acquisitions, with cash generated from operations, and if required, borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We budget these expenditures based on our projected cash flows for the year.
The following table presents major components of our capital and exploration expenditures:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Capital expenditures
 
 

 
 

Drilling and facilities
 
$
158,156

 
$
141,987

Leasehold acquisitions
 
7,369

 
67,892

Pipeline and gathering
 

 
618

Other
 
1,824

 
1,740

 
 
167,349

 
212,237

Exploration expenditures
 
3,617

 
6,198

Total
 
$
170,966

 
$
218,435

 
For the full year of 2018, we plan to drill approximately 85 gross wells (85.0 net) and complete 95 gross wells (95.0 net), of which 51 gross wells (45.0 net) were drilled but uncompleted in prior years. In 2018, our drilling program includes approximately $890.0 million in total capital expenditures compared to $757.2 million in 2017. See “Outlook” for additional information regarding the current year drilling program. We will continue to assess the natural gas and crude oil price environment along with our liquidity position and may increase or decrease our capital expenditures accordingly. 
Contractual Obligations
We have various contractual obligations in the normal course of our operations. There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations described under “Transportation and Gathering Agreements” and “Lease Commitments” as disclosed in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and the obligations described under “Contractual Obligations” in Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our Form 10-K/A.

21


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. See our Form 10-K/A for further discussion of our critical accounting policies.
Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 1 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, “Financial Statement Presentation,” for a discussion of new accounting pronouncements that affect us.
Results of Operations
First Three Months of 2018 and 2017 Compared
We reported net income in the first three months of 2018 of $117.2 million, or $0.26 per share, compared to net income of $105.7 million, or $0.23 per share, in the first three months of 2017. The increase in net income was primarily due to lower operating expenses and income tax expense, partially offset by lower operating revenues and higher loss on sale of assets.
Revenue, Price and Volume Variances
Our revenues vary from year to year as a result of changes in commodity prices and production volumes. Below is a discussion of revenue, price and volume variances.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Variance
Revenue Variances (In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Amount
 
Percent
   Natural gas
 
$
412,108

 
$
433,442

 
$
(21,334
)
 
(5
)%
   Crude oil and condensate
 
48,722

 
42,990

 
5,732

 
13
 %
   Gain on derivative instruments
 
5,577

 
33,384

 
(27,807
)
 
(83
)%
   Brokered natural gas
 
4,950

 
4,695

 
255

 
5
 %
   Other
 
1,870

 
3,332

 
(1,462
)
 
(44
)%
 
 
$
473,227

 
$
517,843

 
$
(44,616
)
 
(9
)%
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Variance
 
Increase
(Decrease)
(In thousands)
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
Price Variances
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Natural gas
 
$
2.50

 
$
2.65

 
$
(0.15
)
 
(6
)%
 
$
(23,454
)
Crude oil and condensate
 
$
64.61

 
$
46.68

 
$
17.93

 
38
 %
 
13,528

Total
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
(9,926
)
Volume Variances
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Natural gas (Bcf)
 
164.6

 
163.8

 
0.8

 
 %
 
$
2,120

Crude oil and condensate (Mbbl)
 
754

 
921

 
(167
)
 
(18
)%
 
(7,796
)
Total
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
(5,676
)
Natural Gas Revenues
The decrease in natural gas revenues of $21.3 million was due to lower natural gas prices partially offset by a slight increase in production.
Crude Oil and Condensate Revenues
The increase in crude oil and condensate revenues of $5.7 million was primarily due to higher crude oil prices partially offset by lower production. The decrease in production was the result of the sale of our Eagle Ford Shale assets in February 2018.

22


Impact of Derivative Instruments on Operating Revenues
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Cash received (paid) on settlement of derivative instruments
 
 

 
 

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
$
(26,131
)
 
$
(1,524
)
Non-cash gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 
31,708

 
34,908

 
 
$
5,577

 
$
33,384

Brokered Natural Gas
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Variance
 
Price and
Volume
Variances
(In thousands)
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
Brokered Natural Gas Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Sales price ($/Mcf)
 
$
2.80

 
$
3.92

 
$
(1.12
)
 
(29
)%
 
$
(1,982
)
Volume brokered (Mmcf)
 
x
1,770

 
x
1,196

 
574

 
48
 %
 
2,237

Brokered natural gas (In thousands)
 
$
4,950

 
$
4,695

 
 
 
 
 
$
255

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brokered Natural Gas Purchases
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase price ($/Mcf)
 
$
2.80

 
$
3.38

 
$
(0.58
)
 
(17
)%
 
$
(1,027
)
Volume brokered (Mmcf)
 
x
1,770

 
x
1,196

 
574

 
48
 %
 
1,931

Brokered natural gas (In thousands)
 
$
4,950

 
$
4,046

 
 

 
 

 
$
904

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brokered natural gas margin (In thousands)
 
$

 
$
649

 
 

 
 

 
$
(649
)
Operating and Other Expenses
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Variance
(In thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Amount
 
Percent
Operating and Other Expenses
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

   Direct operations
 
$
20,070

 
$
24,641

 
$
(4,571
)
 
(19
)%
   Transportation and gathering
 
112,125

 
123,474

 
(11,349
)
 
(9
)%
   Brokered natural gas
 
4,950

 
4,046

 
904

 
22
 %
   Taxes other than income
 
7,190

 
9,058

 
(1,868
)
 
(21
)%
   Exploration
 
3,617

 
6,198

 
(2,581
)
 
(42
)%
   Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
82,128

 
135,100

 
(52,972
)
 
(39
)%
   General and administrative
 
24,060

 
23,700

 
360

 
2
 %
 
 
$
254,140

 
$
326,217

 
$
(72,077
)
 
(22
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on equity method investments
 
$
(994
)
 
$
(1,283
)
 
$
(289
)
 
(23
)%
Loss on sale of assets
 
(41,049
)
 
(223
)
 
40,826

 
18,308
 %
Interest expense, net
 
20,058

 
20,771

 
(713
)
 
(3
)%
Other expense
 
114

 
424

 
(310
)
 
(73
)%
Income tax expense
 
39,641

 
63,205

 
(23,564
)
 
(37
)%
Total costs and expenses from operations decreased by $72.1 million, or 22%, in the first three months of 2018 compared to the same period of 2017. The primary reasons for this fluctuation are as follows:
Direct operations decreased $4.6 million largely due to the divestiture of certain oil and gas properties and related pipeline assets in West Virginia, Virginia and Ohio in the third quarter of 2017 and the Eagle Ford Shale assets in February 2018.

23


Transportation and gathering decreased $11.3 million due to lower transportation rates in 2018 associated with our oil production and a decrease in certain charges associated with transportation expenses in the Eagle Ford Shale in 2017. There were no charges in 2018.
Brokered natural gas increased $0.9 million. See the preceding table titled “Brokered Natural Gas” for further analysis.
Taxes other than income decreased $1.9 million due to a decrease of $2.6 million in ad valorem taxes as a result of the sale of our oil and gas properties in West Virginia, Virginia and Ohio in the third quarter of 2017 and Eagle Ford Shale assets in February 2018. These decreases were offset by $0.7 million of higher drilling impact fees in Pennsylvania due to an increase in rates and and drilling activity.
Exploration decreased $2.6 million due to lower dry hole expenses in 2018 compared to 2017.
Depreciation, depletion and amortization decreased $53.0 million primarily due to lower DD&A of $48.4 million, lower amortization of unproved properties of $2.7 million and lower accretion of $1.2 million. The decrease in DD&A was primarily due to a decrease of $48.1 million related to a lower DD&A rate of $0.44 per Mcfe for the first three months of 2018 compared to $0.72 per Mcfe for the first three months of 2017. The lower DD&A rate was due to the cessation of DD&A related to the sale of our Eagle Ford Shale assets that were classified as held for sale in the fourth quarter of 2017.
General and administrative increased $0.4 million primarily due to $2.8 million higher employee costs and professional services offset by lower stock compensation cost of $2.8 million. The remaining differences were not individually significant.
Loss on Equity Method Investments
The decrease in loss on equity method investments is the result of the recording of our proportionate share of net losses from our equity method investments, which decreased in 2018 compared to 2017.
Loss on Sale of Assets