10-Q 1 q1-2012_10q.htm DENNY'S QUARTER 1 2012 10-Q q1-2012_10q.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 28, 2012
 
DENNY'S CORPORATION LOGO
 
Commission File Number 0-18051
DENNY’S CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
13-3487402
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization
 
Identification No.)

203 East Main Street
Spartanburg, South Carolina 29319-0001
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(864) 597-8000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 

Yes  þ    No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  þ    No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
þ
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
o
       
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
     
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  ¨    No  þ
 
As of April 27, 2012, 96,152,815 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.01 per share, were outstanding.
 

 
 

 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
 Page
   
     
   
  3
   
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
 
14
 
18
 
19
     
   
     
 
19
 
20
 
20
 
21
     
 
 
 
 
 

 
2

 
 
 
 
Denny’s Corporation and Subsidiaries
(Unaudited)
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
December 28, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
13,540
   
$
13,740
 
Receivables
   
12,377
     
14,971
 
Inventories
   
3,339
     
3,438
 
Assets held for sale
   
3,782
     
2,351
 
Current deferred tax asset
 
 
17,557
     
15,519
 
Prepaid and other current assets
   
8,237
     
11,274
 
Total current assets
   
58,832
     
61,293
 
                 
Property
   
106,833
     
112,772
 
                 
Other assets:
               
Goodwill
   
30,573
     
30,764
 
Intangible assets, net
   
50,364
     
50,921
 
Deferred financing costs, net
   
5,414
     
5,884
 
Noncurrent deferred tax asset
      55,370      
60,636
 
Other noncurrent assets
   
28,856
     
28,231
 
Total assets
 
$
336,242
   
$
350,501
 
                 
Liabilities
               
Current liabilities:
               
Current maturities of long term debt
 
$
2,577
   
$
2,591
 
Current maturities of capital lease obligations
   
4,444
     
4,380
 
Accounts payable
   
17,903
     
25,935
 
Other current liabilities
   
50,177
     
54,289
 
Total current liabilities
   
75,101
     
87,195
 
                 
Long-term liabilities:
               
Long term debt, less current maturities
   
185,450
     
193,257
 
Capital lease obligations, less current maturities
   
17,908
     
18,077
 
Liability for insurance claims, less current portion
   
17,294
     
18,552
 
Other noncurrent liabilities and deferred credits
   
43,134
     
43,096
 
Total long-term liabilities
   
263,786
     
272,982
 
Total liabilities
   
338,887
     
360,177
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Shareholders' deficit
               
Common stock $0.01 par value; authorized - 135,000; March 28, 2012: 102,849 shares issued and
96,153 shares outstanding; December 28, 2011: 102,668 shares issued and 95,972 shares
outstanding
   
 1,028
     
1,027
 
Paid-in capital
   
558,293
     
557,396
 
Deficit
   
 (511,962
)
   
(517,827
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
 (24,545
)
   
(24,813
)
Shareholders' deficit before treasury stock
   
22,814
 
   
15,783
 
    Treasury stock, at cost, 6,696 and 6,696 shares, respectively
   
(25,459
)
   
(25,459
)
Total shareholders' deficit
   
(2,645
)
   
(9,676
)
Total liabilities and shareholders' deficit
 
$
336,242
   
$
350,501
 
 
See accompanying notes
 
 
 
3

 
 
Denny’s Corporation and Subsidiaries
(Unaudited)
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Revenue:
           
Company restaurant sales
 
$
94,163
   
$
104,555
 
Franchise and license revenue
   
32,575
     
31,250
 
Total operating revenue
   
126,738
     
135,805
 
Costs of company restaurant sales:
               
Product costs
   
23,533
     
25,635
 
Payroll and benefits
   
37,753
     
44,196
 
Occupancy
   
5,774
     
6,860
 
Other operating expenses
   
12,895
     
15,257
 
Total costs of company restaurant sales
   
79,955
     
91,948
 
Costs of franchise and license revenue
   
11,312
     
11,565
 
General and administrative expenses
   
15,663
     
14,139
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
6,060
     
7,188
 
Operating (gains), losses and other changes, net
   
 (165
)
   
 (529)
 
Total operating costs and expenses, net
   
112,825
     
124,311
 
Operating income
   
13,913
     
11,494
 
Other expenses:
               
Interest expense, net
   
4,456
     
5,693
 
Other nonoperating (income) expense, net
   
(295
)    
1,478
 
Total other expenses, net
   
4,161
     
7,171
 
Net income before income taxes
   
9,752
     
4,323
 
Provision for income taxes
   
3,887
     
199
 
Net income
 
$
5,865
   
$
4,124
 
                 
Basic and diluted net income per share
 
$
0.06
   
$
0.04
 
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
               
Basic
   
96,075
     
98,980
 
Diluted
   
97,878
     
101,362
 
                 
 Comprehensive income   $  6,133     $  4,124  
 
See accompanying notes
 
 
4

 
 
Denny’s Corporation and Subsidiaries
 (Unaudited)
 
   
Common Stock
   
Treasury Stock
   
Paid-in
         
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   
Total
Shareholders’
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
(Deficit)
   
Loss, Net
   
Deficit
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Balance, December 28, 2011
   
102,668
   
$
1,027
     
(6,696
 
$
(25,459
)
 
$
557,396
   
$
(517,827
)
 
$
(24,813
)
 
$
(9,676
)
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
5,865
     
     
5,865
 
Minimum pension liability
adjustment, net of tax benefits
of $173
     
       
       
       
       
       
       268        268  
Share-based compensation on equity
classified awards
   
     
     
     
     
426
     
     
     
426
 
Issuance of common stock for share-
based compensation
   
71
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Exercise of common stock options
   
110
     
1
     
     
     
333
     
     
     
334
 
Tax benefit from stock options
exercised
   
     
     
     
     
138
     
     
     
138
 
Balance, March 28, 2012
   
102,849
   
$
1,028
     
(6,696
 
$
(25,459
)
 
$
558,293
   
$
(511,962
)
 
$
(24,545
)
 
$
(2,645
)
 
See accompanying notes

 
5

 
 
Denny’s Corporation and Subsidiaries
(Unaudited)
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
 
$
5,865
   
$
4,124
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
6,060
     
7,188
 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net
   
(165
)
   
(529
)
Amortization of deferred financing costs
   
339
     
292
 
Amortization of debt discount
   
121
     
144
 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
   
217
     
1,717
 
Deferred income tax expense
   
3,055
     
12
 
Share-based compensation
   
790
     
973
 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:
               
Decrease (increase) in assets:
               
Receivables
   
1,998
     
2,467
 
Inventories
   
99
     
175
 
Other current assets
   
3,037
 
   
(131
)
Other assets
   
(1,064
)    
984
 
Increase (decrease) in liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
   
(5,389
)
   
(1,333
)
Accrued salaries and vacations
   
(638
)    
1,539
 
Accrued taxes
   
(55
)
   
(265
)
Other accrued liabilities
   
(4,414
)
   
(157
)
Other noncurrent liabilities and deferred credits
   
(1,370
)
   
(2,607
)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
   
8,486
     
14,593
 
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of property
   
(1,836
)
   
(5,770
)
Proceeds from disposition of property
   
3,594
     
2,452
 
Collections on notes receivable
     1,367        236  
Issuance of notes receivable
   
(649
)    
 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities
   
2,476
 
   
(3,082
)
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Long-term debt payments
   
 (9,137
)
   
 (11,038
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
   
334
     
4,104
 
Tax withholding on share-based payments
   
(145
)    
 
Tax benefit of stock options exercised
   
138
     
 
Debt transaction costs
   
 
   
(770
)
Deferred financing costs
   
 
   
(3,085
)
Purchase of treasury stock
   
 
   
(7,579
)
Net bank overdrafts
   
 (2,352
)
   
 (3,046
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
   
 (11,162
)
   
 (21,414
)
                 
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(200
)
   
(9,903
)
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at:
               
Beginning of period
   
13,740
     
29,074
 
End of period
 
$
13,540
   
$
19,171
 
 
See accompanying notes
 
 
6

 
 
Denny’s Corporation and Subsidiaries
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1.     Introduction and Basis of Presentation
 
Denny’s Corporation (Denny’s or the Company) is one of America’s largest family-style restaurant chains. At March 28, 2012, the Denny’s brand consisted of 1,680 restaurants, 1,483 (88%) of which were franchised/licensed restaurants and 197 (12%) of which were company-owned and operated.
 
The following table shows the unit activity for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 and March 30, 2011:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
Company-owned restaurants, beginning of period
   
206
     
232
 
Units opened
   
     
5
 
Units sold to franchisees
   
(6
)
   
(9
)
Units closed
   
(3
)
   
(2
)
End of period
   
197
     
226
 
                 
Franchised and licensed restaurants, beginning of period
   
1,479
     
1,426
 
Units opened 
   
6
     
13
 
Units purchased from Company
   
6
     
9
 
Units closed
   
(8
)
   
(9
)
End of period
   
1,483
     
1,439
 
Total company-owned, franchised and licensed restaurants, end of period
   
 1,680
     
 1,665
 
 
Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Therefore, certain information and notes normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. In our opinion, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the interim periods presented have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions; however, we believe that our estimates, including those for the above-described items, are reasonable.
 
These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 28, 2011 and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2011. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year ending December 26, 2012.
 
Note 2.     Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Newly Adopted Accounting Standards
 
Fair Value
 
ASU No. 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs”

Effective December 29, 2011, we adopted ASU 2011-04, which provides a consistent definition of fair value and ensures that the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements are similar between U.S. GAAP and IFRS. The amended guidance changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances the disclosure requirements particularly for Level 3 fair value measurements. The adoption did not have a material impact on the disclosures included in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 Comprehensive Income
 
ASU No. 2011-05, "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income"
 
Effective December 29, 2011, we adopted ASU 2011-05, which amends existing guidance to allow only two options for presenting the components of net income and other comprehensive income: (1) in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) in two separate but consecutive financial statements consisting of an income statement followed by a statement of other comprehensive income. ASU No. 2011-05 requires retrospective application. The adoption concerns presentation and disclosure only and did not have an impact on our financial position or results of operations.

ASU No. 2011-12, "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05"
 
Effective December 29, 2011, we adopted ASU 2011-12, which effectively defers the changes in ASU 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification out of accumulated other comprehensive income. All other requirements of ASU 2011-05 are not affected by this update. The adoption did not have any impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
7

 
 
Goodwill
 
ASU No. 2011-08, "Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment”

Effective December 29, 2011, we adopted ASU 2011-08, which modifies the impairment test for goodwill. Under the new guidance, an entity is permitted to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that the reporting unit’s fair value is less than the carrying value before applying the two-step goodwill impairment model that is currently in place. If it is determined through the qualitative assessment that a reporting unit's fair value is more likely than not greater than its carrying value, the remaining impairment steps would be unnecessary. The qualitative assessment is optional, allowing companies to go directly to the quantitative assessment. The adoption did not have any impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Accounting Standards to be Adopted
 
We reviewed significant newly issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they are either not applicable to our business or that no material effect is expected on the financial statements as a result of future adoption.  
 
Note 3.     Receivables
 
Receivables, net were comprised of the following:
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
December 28, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Current assets:
           
Receivables:
           
Trade accounts receivable from franchisees
 
$
9,716
   
$
9,452
 
Notes receivable from franchisees
   
396
     
992
 
Vendor receivables
   
931
     
2,311
 
Credit card receivables
   
893
     
1,137
 
Other
   
463
     
1,087
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts
   
(22
)
   
(8
)
   
$
12,377
   
$
14,971
 
Direct financing lease receivables (included as a component of prepaid and
other current assets)
 
$
82
   
$
82
 
                 
Noncurrent assets (included as a component of other noncurrent assets):
               
Notes receivable from franchisees and third parties
 
$
438
   
$
560
 
Direct financing lease receivables
   
5,475
     
5,496
 
   
$
5,913
   
$
6,056
 
 
We recorded provisions for credit losses of less than $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the quarters ended March 28, 2012 and March 30, 2011, respectively, which is included as a component of costs of franchise and license revenue on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

We recognized interest income on notes receivable from franchisees of less than $0.1 million for both of the quarters ended March 28, 2012 and March 30, 2011, respectively, which is included as a component of interest expense, net on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. We recognized interest income on direct financing leases of $0.3 million and $0.2 million for the quarters ended March 28, 2012 and March 30, 2011, respectively, which is included as a component of interest expense, net on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
 
Note 4.     Assets Held for Sale
 
Assets held for sale of $3.8 million and $2.4 million as of March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011, respectively, include restaurants and real estate to be sold to franchisees. We expect to sell each of these assets within 12 months. Our credit facility as of March 28, 2012 (as described in Note 8) required us to make mandatory prepayments to reduce outstanding indebtedness with the net cash proceeds from the sale of restaurant assets and restaurant operations to franchisees, net of a $20.0 million annual exclusion. As of March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011, no reclassification of long-term debt to current liabilities was necessary pursuant to this requirement.  
 
As a result of classifying certain assets as held for sale, we recognized impairment charges of $0.1 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012. This expense is included as a component of operating (gains), losses and other charges, net in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. There were no impairment charges recognized related to assets held for sale for the quarter ended March 30, 2011.
 
Note 5.    Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
 The following table reflects the changes in carrying amounts of goodwill:
 
   
March 28, 2012
 
   
(In thousands)
Balance, beginning of year
 
$
30,764
 
Write-offs associated with sale of restaurants
   
(140
)
Reclassification to assets held for sale, net
   
(51
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
30,573
 
 
 
8

 
 
Goodwill and intangible assets were comprised of the following:
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
December 28, 2011
 
   
Gross Carrying Amount
   
Accumulated Amortization
   
Gross Carrying Amount
   
Accumulated Amortization
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Goodwill
 
$
30,573
   
$
   
$
30,764
   
$
 
                                 
Intangible assets with indefinite lives:
                               
Trade names
 
$
44,049
   
$
   
$
44,046
   
$
 
Liquor licenses
   
164
     
     
164
     
 
Intangible assets with definite lives:
                               
Franchise and license agreements
   
37,688
     
31,599
     
42,778
     
36,132
 
Foreign license agreements
   
241
     
179
     
241
     
176
 
Intangible assets
 
$
82,142
   
$
31,778
   
$
87,229
   
$
36,308
 
                                 
Other assets with definite lives:
                               
Software development costs
 
$
34,009
     
32,218
   
$
33,937
   
$
31,973
 
 
Note 6.     Operating (Gains), Losses and Other Charges, Net
 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net are comprised of the following:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Gains on sales of assets and other, net
 
$
(1,955
)
 
$
(996
)
Restructuring charges and exit costs 
   
1,267
     
467
 
Impairment charges
   
523
     
 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net
 
$
(165
)
 
$
(529
)
 
Gains on Sales of Assets
 
During the quarter ended March 28, 2012, we recognized net gains of $2.0 million, primarily resulting from the sale of six restaurant operations to two franchisees and the sale of a real estate asset. During the quarter ended March 30, 2011, we recognized net gains of $1.0 million, primarily resulting from the sale of nine restaurant operations to two franchisees (which included a note receivable of $0.5 million) and the recognition of deferred gains related to a restaurant sold to a franchisee during a prior period.
 
Restructuring Charges and Exit Costs
 
Restructuring charges and exit costs were comprised of the following: 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Exit costs
 
$
579
   
$
362
 
Severance and other restructuring charges
   
688
     
105
 
Total restructuring and exit costs
 
$
1,267
   
$
467
 
 
The components of the change in accrued exit cost liabilities are as follows:
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Balance at December 28, 2011
 
$
3,863
 
Provisions for units closed during the year (1)
   
97
 
Changes in estimates of accrued exit costs, net (1) 
   
482
 
Payments, net of sublease receipts
   
(625
)
Interest accretion
   
86
 
Balance at March 28, 2012
   
3,903
 
Less current portion included in other current liabilities
   
1,147
 
Long-term portion included in other noncurrent liabilities
 
$
2,756
 
 
(1)
 Included as a component of operating (gains), losses and other charges, net.
  
 
9

 
 
Estimated net cash payments related to exit cost liabilities in the next five years are as follows:
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Remainder of 2012
 
$
1,195
 
2013
   
976
 
2014
   
772
 
2015
   
499
 
2016
   
264
 
Thereafter
   
1,349
 
Total
   
5,055
 
Less imputed interest
   
1,152
 
Present value of exit cost liabilities
 
$
3,903
 
 
As of March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011, we had accrued severance and other restructuring charges of $0.6 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively. The balance as of March 28, 2012 is expected to be paid during the next 12 months.
 
Impairment
 
Impairment charges of $0.5 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 resulted primarily from the impairment of an underperforming unit and a unit identified as an asset held for sale.
 
Note 7.     Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities Measured on a Recurring and Nonrecurring Basis
 
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:
 
   
Fair Value Measurements as of March 28, 2012
   
Total
   
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets/Liabilities
(Level 1)
   
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation Technique
   
(In thousands)
   
Deferred compensation plan investments 
 
$
5,856
   
$
5,856
   
$
   
$
 
market approach
Total
 
$
5,856
   
$
5,856
   
$
   
$
 —
   
 
   
Fair Value Measurements as of March 30, 2011
   
Total
   
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets/Liabilities
(Level 1)
   
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation Technique
   
(In thousands)
   
Deferred compensation plan investments 
 
$
4,791
   
$
4,791
   
$
   
$
 
market approach
Total
 
$
4,791
   
$
4,791
   
$
   
$
 —
   
 
In addition to the financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, we measure certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. As of March 28, 2012, impaired assets related to underperforming and closed units were written down to a fair value of $0 based on the income approach. As of March 30, 2011, there were no such nonrecurring measurements.
 
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
 
The book value and estimated fair value of our long-term debt, before original issue discount and excluding capital lease obligations, was as follows:
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
December 28, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Book value:
           
Fixed rate long-term debt
 
$
77
   
$
99
 
Variable rate long-term debt
   
190,000
     
198,000
 
Long term debt excluding capital lease obligations
 
$
190,077
   
$
198,099
 
                 
Estimate fair value:
               
Fixed rate long-term debt
 
$
77
   
$
99
 
Variable rate long-term debt
   
190,832
     
197,505
 
Long term debt excluding capital lease obligations
 
$
190,909
   
$
197,604
 
 
 
10

 
 
The difference between the estimated fair value of long-term debt compared with its historical cost reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011 relates to market quotations for our senior secured term loan.
 
Note 8.     Long-Term Debt

Our subsidiaries Denny’s, Inc. and Denny’s Realty, LLC, as of March 28, 2012, had a credit facility consisting of a $60 million senior secured revolver (with a $30 million letter of credit sublimit) and a senior secured term loan in an original principal amount of $250 million. As of March 28, 2012, we had an outstanding term loan of $187.9 million ($190.0 million less unamortized OID of $2.1 million) and outstanding letters of credit of under our revolving letter of credit facility of $24.6 million. There were no revolving loans outstanding at March 28, 2012. These balances resulted in availability of $35.4 million under the revolving facility. The weighted-average interest rate under the term loan was 5.25% as of both March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011.

A commitment fee of 0.625% was paid on the unused portion of the revolving credit facility. Interest on the credit facility was payable at per annum rates equal to LIBOR plus 375 basis points with a LIBOR floor of 1.50% for the term loan and no LIBOR floor for the revolver. The term loan was originally issued at 98.5% reflecting an original issue discount (“OID”) of $3.8 million. The OID was amortized into interest expense over the life of the term loan using the effective interest rate method. The maturity date for the revolver was September 30, 2015. The maturity date for the term loan was September 30, 2016. The term loan amortized in equal quarterly installments of $625,000 with all remaining amounts due on the maturity date. Mandatory prepayments were required under certain circumstances and we had the option to make certain prepayments under the credit facility.
 
The credit facility was guaranteed by the Company and its material subsidiaries and was secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, including the stock of the Company’s subsidiaries. The credit facility included certain financial covenants with respect to a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum lease-adjusted leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charged coverage ratio and limitations on capital expenditures.
 
During the quarter ended March 28, 2012, we paid $8.0 million on the term loan under the credit facility (which included $7.4 million of prepayments and $0.6 million of scheduled payments) through a combination of proceeds on sales of restaurant operations to franchisees, real estate and other assets, as well as cash generated from operations. As a result of these prepayments, we recorded $0.2 million of losses on early extinguishment of debt resulting from the write-off of $0.1 million in deferred financing costs and $0.1 million in OID. These losses are included as a component of other nonoperating expense in our condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
 
Subsequent to the end of the quarter, we refinanced the credit facility. See Note 16.
 
We believe that our estimated cash flows from operations for 2012, combined with our capacity for additional borrowings under our new credit facility, will enable us to meet our anticipated cash requirements and fund capital expenditures over the next twelve months. 

Note 9.     Defined Benefit Plans
 
The components of net periodic benefit cost were as follows:
 
 
Pension Plan
 
Other Defined Benefit Plans
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Service cost
 
$
84
   
$
94
   
$
   
$
 
Interest cost
   
789
     
832
     
29
     
32
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
(1,012
)
   
(1,045
)
   
     
 
Amortization of net loss
   
428
     
239
     
13
     
8
 
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
289
   
$
120
   
$
42
   
$
40
 
 
We made contributions of $0.3 million to qualified pension plan during the quarter ended March 28, 2012. We did not make any contributions to our qualified pension plan during the quarter ended March 30, 2011. We made contributions of less than $0.1 million to our other defined benefit plans during both the quarters ended March 28, 2012 and March 30, 2011. We expect to contribute an additional $1.5 million to our qualified pension plan and an additional $0.1 million to our other defined benefit plans over the remainder of fiscal 2012.
 
Additional minimum pension liability of $24.5 million and $24.8 million is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Deficit as of March 28, 2012 and December 28, 2011, respectively.
  
Note 10.     Share-Based Compensation
 
Total share-based compensation included as a component of net income was as follows:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Share-based compensation related to liability classified restricted stock units
 
$
364
   
$
167
 
Share-based compensation related to equity classified awards:
               
Stock options
 
$
328
   
$
258
 
Restricted stock units
   
79
     
440
 
Board deferred stock units
   
19
     
108
 
Total share-based compensation related to equity classified awards
   
426
     
806
 
Total share-based compensation
 
$
790
   
$
973
 
 
11

 
 
Stock Options
 
We did not grant any stock options during the quarter ended March 28, 2012. As of March 28, 2012, we had approximately $1.4 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock option awards outstanding, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average of 1.3 years.
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
In February 2012, we granted approximately 0.4 million performance shares and related performance-based target cash awards of $2.0 million to certain employees. As these awards contain a market condition, a Monte Carlo valuation was used to determine the performance shares' grant date fair value of $6.05 per share and the payout probability of the target cash awards. The awards granted to our named executive officers also contain a performance condition based on certain operating measures for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2012. The performance period is the three year fiscal period beginning December 29, 2011 and ending December 31, 2014. The performance shares and cash awards will vest and be earned (from 0% to 200% of the target award for each such increment) at the end of the performance period based on the Total Shareholder Return of our stock compared to the Total Shareholder Returns of a group of peer companies.
 
During the quarter ended March 28, 2012, we made payments of $0.4 million in cash and issued 0.1 million shares of common stock related to restricted stock awards.
 
Accrued compensation expense included as a component of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was as follows:
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
December 28, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Liability classified restricted stock units:
           
Other current liabilities
 
$
502
   
$
449
 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
$
291
   
$
335
 
                 
Equity classified restricted stock units:
               
Additional paid-in capital
 
$
4,375
   
$
4,515
 
 
As of March 28, 2012, we had approximately $4.4 million of unrecognized compensation cost (approximately $1.8 million for liability classified units and approximately $2.6 million for equity classified units) related to all unvested restricted stock unit awards outstanding, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average of 1.2 years.
 
Note 11.     Income Taxes
 
The provision for income taxes was $3.9 and $0.2 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 and the quarter ended March 30, 2011. The provision for income taxes for the first quarters of 2012 and 2011 was determined using our effective rate estimated for the entire fiscal year. The increase in the effective tax rate resulted from the reversal of a significant portion of the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets in the fourth quarter of 2011. 
  
Note 12.     Net Income Per Share
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Numerator:
           
Numerator for basic and diluted net income per share - net income
 
$
5,865
   
$
4,124
 
                 
Denominator:
               
Denominator for basic net income per share - weighted average shares
   
96,075
     
98,980
 
Effect of dilutive securities:
               
Options
   
904
     
1,273
 
Restricted stock units and awards
   
899
     
1,109
 
Denominator for diluted net income per share - adjusted weighted
average shares and assumed conversions of dilutive securities
   
97,878
     
101,362
 
                 
Basic and diluted net income per share
 
$
0.06
   
$
0.04
 
                 
Stock options excluded (1)
   
1,730
     
2,088
 
Restricted stock units and awards excluded (1)
   
715
     
843
 
 
(1)
Excluded from diluted weighted-average shares outstanding as the impact would have been antidilutive.
 
 
12

 
 
Note 13.     Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Income taxes paid, net
 
$
213
   
$
163
 
Interest paid
 
$
4,887
   
$
8,031
 
                 
Noncash investing and financing activities:
               
Notes received in connection with disposition of property
 
$
   
$
500
 
Execution of direct financing leases
 
$
   
$
218
 
Issuance of common stock, pursuant to share-based compensation plans
 
$
296
   
$
40
 
Execution of capital leases
 
$
1,010
   
$
1,220
 
Accrued deferred financing costs and debt transaction costs
 
$
   
$
150
 
 
Note 14.     Share Repurchase
 
Our credit facility permits the payment of cash dividends and/or the purchase of Denny’s stock subject to certain limitations. In April 2011, we announced that the Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program to repurchase up to an additional 6.0 million shares of our Common Stock. Under the program, we may, from time to time, purchase shares in the open market (including pre-arranged stock trading plans in accordance with the guidelines specified in Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) or in privately negotiated transactions, subject to market and business conditions. As of March 28, 2012, we had repurchased 3.7 million shares of Common Stock for $14.0 million and there were 2.3 million shares remaining to be repurchased under this program. There were no shares repurchased during the quarter ended March 28, 2012.
 
Note 15.     Commitments and Contingencies
 
There are various claims and pending legal actions against or indirectly involving us incidental to and arising out of the ordinary course of the business. In the opinion of management, based upon information currently available, the ultimate liability with respect to these proceedings and claims will not materially affect the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position. We record legal settlement costs as other operating expenses in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income as those costs are incurred.

Note 16.     Subsequent Events
 
On April 12, 2012, Denny’s Corporation and certain of its subsidiaries refinanced our credit facility (the "Old Credit Facility") and entered into a new senior secured credit agreement in an aggregate principal of $250 million (the “New Credit Facility”). The New Credit Facility provides for a five-year $250 million credit facility that is comprised of a $190 million senior secured term loan and a $60 million senior secured revolver (with a $30 million letter of credit sublimit). Borrowings for the term loan will bear a tiered interest rate based on the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio and is initially set at LIBOR plus 300 basis points. The New Credit Facility does not contain an interest rate floor for either the term loan or the revolver. It includes an accordion feature that would allow us to increase the size of the facility to $300 million. The maturity date for the New Credit Facility is April 12, 2017.
 
The New Credit Facility is being used to refinance the Old Credit Facility (described in Note 8) and will also be available for working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes. The New Credit Facility is guaranteed by the Company and its material subsidiaries and is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, including the stock of the Company’s subsidiaries. It includes negative covenants that are usual for facilities and transactions of this type. The New Credit Facility also includes certain financial covenants with respect to a maximum consolidated leverage ratio, a minimum consolidated fixed charged coverage ratio and maximum capital expenditures.
 
The term loan under the New Credit Facility requires amortization of 10% per year paid quarterly starting June 30, 2012. We will be required to make certain mandatory prepayments under certain circumstances and will have the option to make certain prepayments under the New Credit Facility. The New Credit Facility includes events of default (and related remedies, including acceleration and increased interest rates following an event of default) that are usual for facilities and transactions of this type. We estimate that the refinancing will result in a one-time charge to other nonoperating expense of approximately $8 million in the second quarter of 2012, as a result of charges for the unamortized portion of deferred financing costs and original issue discount related to the Old Credit Facility, and a portion of the fees related to the New Credit Facility.
 
On April 13, 2012, we entered into interest rate hedges that cap the LIBOR rate on borrowings for the term loan under the New Credit Facility during the first two years of the term loan. The 200 basis point LIBOR cap applies to $150 million of term loan borrowings during the first year and $125 million of term loan borrowings during the second year.

 
13

 
 
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
The following discussion is intended to highlight significant changes in our financial position as of March 28, 2012 and results of operations for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 compared to the quarter ended March 30, 2011. The forward-looking statements included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, which reflect our best judgment based on factors currently known, involve risks, uncertainties, and other factors which may cause our actual performance to be materially different from the performance indicated or implied by such statements. Such factors include, among others: competitive pressures from within the restaurant industry; the level of success of our operating initiatives and advertising and promotional efforts; adverse publicity; changes in business strategy or development plans; terms and availability of capital; regional weather conditions; overall changes in the general economy (including with regard to energy costs), particularly at the retail level; political environment (including acts of war and terrorism); and other factors included in the discussion below, or in Part II. Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors, contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 28, 2011.
 
Statements of Income
 
The following table contains information derived from our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income expressed as a percentage of total operating revenues, except as noted below.  Percentages may not add due to rounding.
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
 
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Revenue:
                       
Company restaurant sales
 
$
94,163
     
74.3
%
 
$
104,555
     
77.0
%
Franchise and license revenue
   
32,575
     
25.7
%
   
31,250
     
23.0
%
Total operating revenue
   
126,738
     
100.0
%
   
135,805
     
100.0
%
                                 
Costs of company restaurant sales (a):
                               
Product costs
   
23,533
     
25.0
%
   
25,635
     
24.5
%
Payroll and benefits
   
37,753
     
40.1
%
   
44,196
     
42.3
%
Occupancy
   
5,774
     
6.1
%
   
6,860
     
6.6
%
Other operating expenses
   
12,895
     
13.7
%
   
15,257
     
14.6
%
Total costs of company restaurant sales
   
79,955
     
84.9
%
   
91,948
     
87.9
%
                                 
Costs of franchise and license revenue (a)
   
11,312
     
34.7
%
   
11,565
     
37.0
%
                                 
General and administrative expenses
   
15,663
     
12.4
%
   
14,139
     
10.4
%
Depreciation and amortization
   
6,060
     
4.8
%
   
7,188
     
5.3
%
Operating, (gains), losses and other charges, net
   
(165
)
   
(0.1
%)
   
(529
)
   
(0.4
%)
Total operating costs and expenses, net
   
112,825
     
89.0
%
   
124,311
     
91.5
%
Operating income
   
13,913
     
11.0
%
   
11,494
     
8.5
%
Other expenses:
                               
Interest expense, net
   
4,456
     
3.5
%
   
5,693
     
4.2
%
Other nonoperating (income) expense, net
   
(295
)    
(0.2
%)
   
1,478
     
1.1
%
Total other expenses, net
   
4,161
     
3.3
%
   
7,171
     
5.3
%
Net income before income taxes
   
9,752
     
7.7
%
   
4,323
     
3.2
%
Provision for income taxes
   
3,887
     
3.1
%
   
199
     
0.1
%
Net income
 
$
5,865
     
4.6
%
 
$
4,124
     
3.0
%
                                 
Other Data:
                               
Company-owned average unit sales
 
$
470
           
$
452
         
Franchise average unit sales
 
$
349
           
$
339
         
Company-owned equivalent units (b)
   
200
             
231
         
Franchise equivalent units (b)
   
1,481
             
1,430
         
Company same-store sales increase (decrease) (c)(d)
   
0.8
%
           
(1.3
%)
       
Guest check average increase (decrease) (d) 
   
2.4
%
           
(0.1
%)
       
Guest count decrease (d)
   
(1.5
%)
           
(1.1
%)
       
Franchise and licensed same-store sales increase (decrease) (c)(d)
   
2.7
%
           
(1.7
%)
       
__________________
(a)
Costs of company restaurant sales percentages are as a percentage of company restaurant sales. Costs of franchise and license revenue percentages are as a percentage of franchise and license revenue. All other percentages are as a percentage of total operating revenue.
   
(b)
Equivalent units are calculated as the weighted average number of units outstanding during a defined time period.
   
(c)
Same-store sales include sales from restaurants that were open the same period in the prior year.
   
(d)
Prior year amounts have not been restated for 2012 comparable units.
 
 
14

 
 
Quarter Ended March 28, 2012 Compared with Quarter Ended March 30, 2011
 
Unit Activity
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
Company-owned restaurants, beginning of period
   
206
     
232
 
Units opened
   
     
5
 
Units sold to franchisees
   
(6
)
   
(9
)
Units closed
   
(3
)
   
(2
)
End of period
   
197
     
226
 
                 
Franchised and licensed restaurants, beginning of period
   
1,479
     
1,426
 
Units opened 
   
6
     
13
 
Units purchased from Company
   
6
     
9
 
Units closed
   
(8
)
   
(9
)
End of period
   
1,483
     
1,439
 
Total company-owned, franchised and licensed restaurants, end of period
   
1,680
     
 1,665
 
 
Company Restaurant Operations
 
During the quarter ended March 28, 2012, we realized a 0.8% increase in same-store sales, comprised of a 2.4% increase in guest check average, partially offset by a 1.5% decrease in guest counts. Company restaurant sales decreased $10.4 million, or 9.9%, primarily resulting from a 31 equivalent-unit decrease in company-owned restaurants, as compared to the prior year, partially offset by the increase in same-store sales for the quarter. The decrease in equivalent units primarily resulted from the sale of company-owned restaurants to franchisees.
 
Total costs of company restaurant sales as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased to 84.9% from 87.9%. Product costs increased to 25.0% from 24.5% primarily due to the impact of increased commodity costs. Payroll and benefits decreased to 40.1% from 42.3% primarily due to improved labor efficiency and favorable workers' compensation claims development. Occupancy costs decreased to 6.1% from 6.6% primarily as a result of the positive development of certain general liability claims. Other operating expenses were comprised of the following amounts and percentages of company restaurant sales: 
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Utilities
 
$
3,714
     
3.9
%
 
$
4,389
     
4.2
%
Repairs and maintenance
   
1,688
     
1.8
%
   
1,842
     
1.8
%
Marketing
   
3,535
     
3.8
%
   
3,841
     
3.7
%
Legal settlement costs
   
98
     
0.1
%
   
77
     
0.1
%
Other direct costs
   
3,860
     
4.1
%
   
5,108
     
4.9
%
Other operating expenses
 
$
12,895
     
13.7
%
 
$
15,257
     
14.6
%
 
Other direct costs decreased 0.8 percentage points primarily as a result of higher new store opening expenses in the prior year period.
 
Franchise Operations
 
Franchise and license revenue and related costs were comprised of the following amounts and percentages of franchise and license revenue for the periods indicated:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Royalties  
 
$
20,527
     
63.0
%
 
$
19,294
     
61.7
%
Initial and other fees
   
436
     
1.3
%
   
905
     
2.9
%
Occupancy revenue 
   
11,612
     
35.7
%
   
11,051
     
35.4
%
Franchise and license revenue 
   
32,575
     
100.0
%
   
31,250
     
100.0
%
                                 
Occupancy costs 
   
8,723
     
26.8
%
   
8,560
     
27.4
%
Other direct costs 
   
2,589
     
7.9
%
   
3,005
     
9.6
%
Costs of franchise and license revenue 
 
$
11,312
     
34.7
%
 
$
11,565
     
37.0
%
 
Royalties increased by $1.2 million, or 6.4%, primarily resulting from a 2.7% increase in same-store sales and a 51 equivalent unit increase in franchised and licensed units, as compared to the prior year. The increase in equivalent units primarily resulted from the sale of company-owned restaurants to franchisees and the conversion of restaurants at Pilot Flying J Travel Centers by franchisees during 2011. Initial fees decreased by $0.5 million, or 51.8%. The decrease in initial fees resulted from the higher number of restaurants opened by franchisees and the higher number of restaurants sold to franchisees during the prior year period. The increase in occupancy revenue of $0.6 million, or 5.1%, is primarily the result of the sale of restaurants to franchisees over the last 12 months.
 
 
15

 
 
Costs of franchise and license revenue decreased by $0.3 million, or 2.2%. The increase in occupancy costs of $0.2 million, or 1.9%, is primarily the result of the sale of restaurants to franchisees. Other direct costs decreased by $0.4 million, or 13.8%, primarily as a result of a $0.5 million franchisee settlement recorded during the prior year period. As a result, costs of franchise and license revenue as a percentage of franchise and license revenue decreased to 34.7% for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 from 37.0% for the quarter ended March 30, 2011.
 
Other Operating Costs and Expenses
 
Other operating costs and expenses such as general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization expense relate to both company and franchise operations.
 
General and administrative expenses were comprised of the following:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Share-based compensation
 
$
790
   
$
973
 
Other general and administrative expenses
   
14,873
     
13,166
 
Total general and administrative expenses
 
$
15,663
   
$
14,139
 
 
The $1.7 million increase in other general and administrative expenses is primarily the result of increased payroll and benefit costs and a $0.5 million increase in performance-based compensation.
 
Depreciation and amortization was comprised of the following:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Depreciation of property and equipment
 
$
4,437
   
$
5,281
 
Amortization of capital lease assets
   
818
     
719
 
Amortization of intangible assets
   
805
     
1,188
 
Total depreciation and amortization expense
 
$
6,060
   
$
7,188
 
 
The overall decrease in depreciation and amortization expense is due to the sale of company-owned restaurants to franchisees during fiscal 2011.
 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net were comprised of the following:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Gains on sales of assets and other, net
 
$
(1,955
)
 
$
(996
)
Restructuring charges and exit costs
   
1,267
     
467
 
Impairment charges
   
523
     
 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net
 
$
(165
)
 
$
(529
)
 
During the quarter ended March 28, 2012, we recognized net gains of $2.0 million, primarily resulting from the sale of restaurant operations to franchisees and the sale of a real estate asset. During the quarter ended March 30, 2011, we recognized net gains of $1.0 million, primarily resulting from the sale of restaurant operations to franchisees and the recognition of deferred gains related to a restaurant sold to a franchisee during a prior period.
 
Restructuring charges and exit costs were comprised of the following:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
March 28, 2012
 
March 30, 2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Exit costs
 
$
579
   
$
362
 
Severance and other restructuring charges
   
688
     
105
 
Total restructuring and exit costs
 
$
1,267
   
$
467
 
 
Impairment charges of $0.5 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 resulted primarily from the impairment of an underperforming unit and a unit identified as assets held for sale.
 
Operating income was $13.9 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 compared with $11.5 million for the quarter ended March 30, 2011.
  
 
16

 
 
Interest expense, net was comprised of the following:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Interest on credit facilities
 
$
2,628
   
$
3,715
 
Interest on capital lease liabilities
   
969
     
1,008
 
Letters of credit and other fees
   
461
     
553
 
Interest income
   
(308
)
   
(302
)
Total cash interest
   
3,750
     
4,974
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
   
340
     
292
 
Amortization of debt discount
   
121
     
144
 
Interest accretion on other liabilities
   
245
     
283
 
Total interest expense, net
 
$
4,456
   
$
5,693
 
 
The decrease in interest expense resulted from a decrease in interest rates related to the 2011 re-pricing of our credit facility, as well as debt reductions during 2011.
 
Other nonoperating income, net was $0.3 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 compared with other nonoperating expense, net of $1.5 million for the quarter ended March 30, 2011. The prior year expense included the recognition of $1.4 million of costs related to the debt re-pricing in the first quarter of 2011.
 
The provision for income taxes was $3.9 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 compared to $0.2 million for the quarter ended March 30, 2011. The provision for income taxes for the first quarters of 2012 and 2011 was determined using our effective rate estimated for the entire fiscal year. The increase in the effective tax rate resulted from the reversal of a significant portion of the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets in the fourth quarter of 2011.
 
Net income was $5.9 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012 compared with $4.1 million for the quarter ended March 30, 2011 due to the factors noted above.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Our primary sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash generated from operations, borrowings under our credit facility (as described below) and, in recent years, cash proceeds from sales of restaurant operations to franchisees and sales of surplus properties, to the extent allowed by our credit facility. Principal uses of cash are operating expenses, capital expenditures and debt repayments.
 
The following table presents a summary of our sources and uses of cash and cash equivalents for the periods indicated:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
8,486
   
$
14,593
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
2,476
 
   
(3,082
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(11,162
)
   
(21,414
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(200
)
 
$
(9,903
)
  
We believe that our estimated cash flows from operations for 2012, combined with our capacity for additional borrowings under our new credit facility, will enable us to meet our anticipated cash requirements and fund capital expenditures over the next twelve months.
 
Net cash flows provided by investing activities were $2.5 million for the quarter ended March 28, 2012. These cash flows include $3.6 million in proceeds from asset sales and collections of notes receivable of $1.4 million, partially offset by capital expenditures of $1.8 million. Our principal capital requirements have been largely associated with the following:
 
   
Quarter Ended
 
   
March 28, 2012
   
March 30, 2011
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Facilities
 
$
962
   
$
1,158
 
New construction 
   
407
     
4,106
 
Remodeling
   
11
     
301
 
Information technology
   
18
     
50
 
Other
   
438
     
155
 
Capital expenditures
 
$
1,836