10-K 1 a4q201310kdocument.htm 10-K 4Q2013 10K Document


 UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
[Mark One]
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number
01-13697 
MOHAWK INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
 
52-1604305
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
160 S. Industrial Blvd.,
Calhoun, Georgia
 
30701
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (706) 629-7721
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The aggregate market value of the Common Stock of the Registrant held by non-affiliates (excludes beneficial owners of more than 10% of the Common Stock) of the Registrant (60,888,317 shares) on June 28, 2013 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed fiscal second quarter) was $6,849,326,779. The aggregate market value was computed by reference to the closing price of the Common Stock on such date.




Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of February 21, 2014: 72,704,821 shares of Common Stock, $.01 par value. 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders-Part III.



Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.



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PART I
 
Item 1.
Business
General
    
Mohawk Industries, Inc. (“Mohawk” or the “Company”) is a leading global flooring manufacturer that creates products to enhance residential and commercial spaces around the world. The Company's vertically integrated manufacturing and distribution processes provide competitive advantages in carpet, rugs, ceramic tile, laminate, wood, stone and vinyl flooring. The Company's industry-leading innovation has yielded products and technologies that differentiate its' brands in the marketplace and satisfy all flooring related remodeling and new construction requirements. The Company's brands are among the most recognized in the industry and include American Olean®, Bigelow®, Daltile®, Durkan®, Karastan®, Kerama Marazzi®, Lees®, Marazzi®, Mohawk®, Pergo®, Quick-Step® and Unilin®. During the past decade, the Company has transformed its business from an American carpet manufacturer into the world's largest flooring company with operations in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Europe, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Russia and the United States. The Company had annual net sales in 2013 of $7.3 billion. Approximately 75% of this amount was generated by sales in North America and approximately 25% was generated by sales outside North America. The Company has three reporting segments: the Carpet segment, the Ceramic segment and the Laminate and Wood segment. Selected financial information for the Carpet, Ceramic and Laminate and Wood segments, geographic net sales and the location of long-lived assets are set forth in Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements.

The Carpet segment designs, manufactures, sources, distributes and markets its carpet and rug product lines in a broad range of colors, textures and patterns for residential and commercial applications in both remodeling and new construction. In addition, the Carpet segment markets and distributes ceramic tile, laminate, hardwood, resilient floor covering, carpet pad and flooring accessories. The Carpet segment markets and distributes its flooring products under various brands, including the following brand names: Aladdin®, Bigelow®, Durkan®, Horizon®, Karastan®, Lees®, Mohawk, Mohawk ColorCenters®, Mohawk Floorscapes®, Mohawk Home®, Portico® and SmartStrand® which it sells through independent floor covering retailers, home centers, mass merchandisers, department stores, shop at home, buying groups, commercial dealers and commercial end users. Some products are also marketed through private labeling programs. The Carpet segment’s soft surface operations are vertically integrated from the extrusion of resin and recycled post-consumer plastics to the manufacturing and distribution of finished carpets and rugs.

The Ceramic segment designs, manufactures, sources, distributes and markets a broad line of ceramic tile, porcelain tile and natural stone products used in the residential and commercial markets for both remodeling and new construction. In addition, the Ceramic segment sources, markets and distributes other tile related products. The Ceramic segment markets and distributes its products under various brands, including the following brand names: American Olean , Daltile, Kerama Marazzi, Marazzi and Ragno which it sells through independent distributors, home center retailers, individual floor covering retailers, ceramic specialists, commercial dealers and commercial end users. The Ceramic segment operations are vertically integrated from the production of raw material for body and glaze preparation to the manufacturing and distribution of ceramic and porcelain tile.

The Laminate and Wood segment designs, manufactures, sources, licenses, distributes and markets laminate and hardwood flooring used primarily in the residential market for both remodeling and new construction. In addition, the Laminate and Wood segment developed the patented UNICLIC® glueless installation system and a variety of other new technologies, such as beveled edges, multiple length planks and new surface and finish features from which the Company generates licensing revenue. The Laminate and Wood segment acquired the fold down patent through the acquisition of Pergo. The Laminate and Wood segment markets and distributes its flooring products under various brands, including the following brand names: Columbia Flooring®, Century Flooring®, Mohawk®, Pergo®, Quick-Step® and Unilin® which it sells through retailers, independent distributors and home centers. In Europe, the Laminate and Wood segment also produces roofing elements, insulation boards, medium-density fiberboard ("MDF"), chipboards and other wood products.
Recent Acquisitions
On January 10, 2013, the Company completed its purchase of Pergo, a leading manufacturer of laminate flooring in the U.S. and the Nordic countries. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $145 million. Pergo complements the Company's specialty distribution network in the U.S., leverages its geographic position in Europe, expands its geographic reach to the Nordic countries and India and enhances its patent portfolio. The acquisition's results and purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.


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On April 3, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of Marazzi, a global manufacturer, distributor and marketer of ceramic tile. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $1.5 billion. The Marazzi acquisition makes the Company a global leader in ceramic tile. The addition of Marazzi will allow the Company to expand its U.S. distribution, source ceramic tile from Europe, and provide industry leading innovation and design to all of its global ceramic customers. The acquisition will provide opportunities to improve performance by leveraging best practices, operational expertise, product innovation and manufacturing assets across the enterprise. The acquisition's results and a preliminary purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.
On May 3, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of Spano, a Belgian chipboard manufacturer. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $160 million. Spano extends the Laminate and Wood segment's customer base into new channels of distribution and adds technical expertise and product knowledge which the Company can leverage. The synergies between the Laminate and Wood segment and Spano create opportunities to optimize manufacturing assets and processes, raw materials and operational efficiencies. The acquisition's results and a preliminary purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.
Sales and Distribution
Carpet Segment
Through its Carpet segment, the Company designs, manufactures, sources, distributes and markets thousands of styles of carpet and rugs in a broad range of colors, textures and patterns. In addition, the Carpet segment markets and distributes ceramic tile, laminate, hardwood, resilient floor covering, carpet pad and flooring accessories. The Carpet segment positions product lines in all price ranges and emphasizes quality, style, performance and service. The Carpet segment markets and distributes its product lines to independent floor covering retailers, home centers, mass merchandisers, department stores, shop at home, buying groups, commercial dealers and commercial end users. Some products are also marketed through private labeling programs. Sales to residential customers represent a significant portion of the total industry and the majority of the segment's carpet and rug sales.
The Company has positioned its residential carpet and rug brand names across all price ranges. The Mohawk, Horizon, SmartStrand and Karastan brands are positioned to sell primarily in the medium-to-high retail price channels in the residential broadloom and rug markets. These lines have substantial brand name recognition among carpet dealers and retailers, with the Karastan and Mohawk brands having among the highest consumer recognition in the industry. Karastan is a leader in the high-end market. The Aladdin and Mohawk Home brands compete primarily in the value retail price channel. The Portico and Properties® brand names compete primarily in the builder and multi-family markets, respectively. The Company markets its hard surface product lines, which include Mohawk Ceramic, Mohawk Hardwood, Mohawk Laminate, Mohawk luxury vinyl tile ("LVT") and Congoleum, across all price ranges.
The Company offers marketing and advertising support through residential dealer programs like Mohawk Floorscapes, Mohawk ColorCenter, and Karastan. These programs offer varying degrees of support to dealers in the form of sales and management training, in-store merchandising systems, exclusive promotions and assistance in certain administrative functions, such as consumer credit, advertising and website technology.
The Company produces and markets its commercial broadloom and modular carpet tile under various brands including: Bigelow, Lees, and Karastan Contract. It markets its hospitality carpet under the Durkan brand. The commercial customer base is divided into several channels: corporate office space, education institutions, healthcare facilities, retail space and institutional and government facilities. Different purchase decision makers and decision-making processes exist for each channel.
The Company’s sales forces are generally organized by product type and sales channels in order to best serve each type of customer. Product delivery to dealers is done predominantly on Mohawk trucks operating from strategically positioned warehouses/cross-docks that receive inbound product directly from the source of manufacture.
Ceramic Segment
The Ceramic segment designs, manufactures, sources, distributes and markets a broad line of ceramic tile, porcelain tile and natural stone products. Products are distributed through various distribution channels including independent distributors, home center retailers, Company-operated service centers and distribution centers that sell to floor covering retailers, ceramic specialists and commercial dealers, Kerama Marazzi brand stores and directly to commercial end users. The business is organized to address the specific customer needs of each distribution channel with dedicated sales forces that support the various channels.


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The Company serves as a “one-stop” source that provides customers with one of the ceramic tile industry’s broadest product lines—a complete selection of glazed floor tile, glazed wall tile, glazed and unglazed ceramic mosaic tile, porcelain tile, quarry tile and stone products, as well as installation products. In addition to products manufactured by the Company’s ceramic tile business, the Company also sources products from other manufacturers to enhance its product offering.
The Ceramic segment markets its products under the American Olean, Dal-Tile, Kerama Marazzi, Marazzi and Ragno brand names. These brands are supported by a fully integrated marketing program, displays, merchandising boards, literature/catalogs and internet websites. Innovative design, quality and response to changes in customer preference enhances the recognition in the marketplace. The Company is focused on sales growth opportunities through innovative products and programs in both the residential and commercial channels for both remodeling and new construction.
The Ceramic segment utilizes various distribution methods including regional distribution centers, service centers and direct shipping and customer pick-up from manufacturing facilities. The Company’s sales forces are generally organized by product type and sales channels in order to best serve each type of customer. The Company believes its distribution methods provide high-quality customer service and enhance its ability to plan and manage inventory requirements.
Laminate and Wood Segment
The Laminate and Wood segment designs, manufactures, sources, licenses, distributes and markets laminate and hardwood flooring. It also designs and manufactures roofing elements, insulation boards, MDF, chipboards and other wood products in Europe. Products are distributed through separate distribution channels consisting of retailers, independent distributors and home centers. The Laminate and Wood segment's U.S. operations also manufacture Mohawk branded laminate and hardwood flooring, which sells through the Carpet segment's channels and also directly through home centers and mass merchandisers. The majority of the Laminate and Wood segment's laminate sales are for residential replacement. The business is organized to address the specific customer needs of each distribution channel.
The Laminate and Wood segment markets and sells laminate and hardwood flooring products under the Quick-Step, Columbia Flooring, Century Flooring, Mohawk and Pergo® brands. The Laminate and Wood segment also sells private label laminate and hardwood flooring products. The Company believes Quick-Step and Pergo are leading brand names in the U.S. and European flooring industry. In addition, the Laminate and Wood segment markets and sells insulation boards in Europe. The segment also licenses its UNICLIC and Pergo intellectual property to floor manufacturers throughout the world.
The Company uses regional distribution centers and direct shipping from manufacturing facilities to provide high-quality customer service and enhance the Company’s ability to plan and manage inventory requirements.
Advertising and Promotion
The Company promotes its brands through advertising in television, print, social and internet media, as well as cooperative advertising, point-of-sale displays, sponsorship of a European cycling team and marketing literature. The Company also continues to rely on the substantial brand name recognition of its product lines. The cost of point-of-sale displays and product samples, a significant promotional expense, is partially offset by sales of samples to customers.
Manufacturing and Operations
Carpet Segment
The Company’s carpet and rug manufacturing operations are vertically integrated and include the extrusion of triexta, polyester, nylon and polypropylene resins, as well as recycled post-consumer plastics into fiber. The Carpet segment is also vertically integrated in fiber and yarn processing, backing manufacturing, tufting, weaving, dyeing, coating and finishing. The Carpet segment continues to invest in capital expenditures, principally in state-of-the-art equipment, to transition from legacy fibers, support market growth, increase manufacturing efficiency and improve overall cost competitiveness.
Ceramic Segment
The Company’s tile manufacturing operations are vertically integrated from the production of raw material for body and glaze preparation to the manufacturing and distribution of ceramic and porcelain tile. The Company believes that its manufacturing organization offers competitive advantages due to its ability to manufacture a differentiated product line consisting of one of the industry’s broadest product offerings of colors, textures and finishes and its ability to utilize the industry’s newest technology, as well as the industry’s largest offering of trim and angle pieces. In addition, the Ceramic segment also imports or sources a portion of its product to supplement its product offerings. The Ceramic segment continues to invest in capital expenditures, principally in state-of-the-art equipment, to increase manufacturing capacity, improve efficiency, meet the growing demand for its innovative products and develop new capabilities.


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Laminate and Wood Segment
The Company’s laminate flooring manufacturing operations are vertically integrated including high-density fiberboard (“HDF”) production, paper impregnation, short-cycle pressing, cutting and milling. The European operations also include resin production. The Laminate and Wood segment has state-of-the-art equipment that results in competitive manufacturing in terms of cost and flexibility. In addition, the Laminate and Wood segment has significant manufacturing capability for both engineered and prefinished solid wood flooring. The Laminate and Wood segment continues to invest in capital expenditures, including new plants and state-of-the-art equipment, to increase manufacturing capacity, improve efficiency and develop new capabilities including state-of-the-art, fully integrated LVT production which will leverage the Company's proven track record of bringing innovative and high-quality products to the market. The manufacturing facilities for roofing elements, insulation boards, MDF, chipboards and other wood products in the Laminate and Wood segment are all configured for cost-efficient manufacturing and production flexibility and are competitive in the European market.
Raw Materials and Suppliers
Carpet Segment
The principal raw materials used in the production of carpet and rugs are nylon, triexta, polyester, polypropylene, recycled post-consumer plastics, synthetic backing materials, latex and various dyes and chemicals, all of which are petroleum based. Major raw materials used in the Company’s manufacturing process are available from independent sources, and the Company obtains most of its externally purchased fibers and resins from nine major suppliers. If these suppliers were unable to satisfy the requirements, the Company believes that alternative supply arrangements would be available. Although the market for carpet raw materials is sensitive to temporary disruptions, the carpet and rug business has not experienced a significant shortage of raw materials in recent years.
Ceramic Segment
The principal raw materials used in the production of ceramic tile are clay, talc, industrial minerals and glazes. The Company has long-term clay mining rights in the U.S. and Russia that satisfy a significant amount of its clay requirements for producing quarry tile. The Company purchases a number of different grades of clay for the manufacture of its non-quarry tile. The Company has entered into long-term supply agreements for a portion of its talc requirements. Glazes are used on a significant percentage of manufactured tiles. Glazes consist of frit (ground glass), zircon, stains and other materials, with frit being the largest ingredient. The Company manufactures a significant amount of its frit requirements. The Company believes that there is an adequate supply of all grades of clay, talc and industrial minerals that are readily available from a number of independent sources. If these suppliers were unable to satisfy the requirements, the Company believes that alternative supply arrangements would be available.
Laminate and Wood Segment
The principal raw materials used in producing boards, laminate and hardwood flooring are wood, paper, resins, coatings and stains. Wood supply is a very fragmented market in Europe. The Company has long-standing relationships with numerous suppliers. These suppliers provide a wide variety of wood species, varying from fresh round wood to several kinds of by-products of sawmills and recycled wood, giving the Company a cost-effective and secure supply of raw material. In the U.S., the Company has a long-term contract with a contiguously located lumber company that supplies most of its total needs for HDF board production. The supply of various species of hardwoods and hardwood veneers used in the production of solid wood and engineered flooring is both localized and global.
Major manufacturers supply the papers required in the laminate flooring business.. The Company processes most of the paper impregnation internally in its laminate flooring facilities. In Europe, the resins for paper impregnation are manufactured by the Company, which permits greater control over the laminate flooring manufacturing process. The Company buys the balance of its resin requirements from a number of companies. The Company believes there are ample sources of supply of paper and resin located within a reasonable distance of the Laminate and Wood segment’s facilities.
Industry and Competition
The Company is the largest flooring manufacturer in a fragmented industry composed of a wide variety of companies from small privately held firms to large multinationals. In 2012, the U.S. floor covering industry reported $18.8 billion in sales, up 4.8% over 2011's sales of $17.9 billion. In 2012, the primary categories of flooring in the U.S., based on sales, were carpet and rug (52%), resilient and rubber (14%), ceramic tile (13%), hardwood (10%), stone (6%) and laminate (5%). In 2012, the primary categories of flooring in the U.S., based on square feet, were carpet and rug (56%), resilient and rubber (19%), ceramic tile (12%), hardwood (6%), laminate (5%) and stone (2%). In 2011, the world floor covering industry reported $194.8 billion


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in sales. In 2011, the primary categories of flooring throughout the world, based on square meters, were ceramic tile (36%), carpet and rug (27%), resilient and rubber (13%), hardwood (8%), laminate (7%) and other nonresilient (8%). Each of these categories is influenced by the residential builder and homeowner remodeling markets, housing starts and housing resales, average house size and home ownership. In addition, the level of sales in the floor covering industry is influenced by consumer confidence, spending for durable goods, interest rates and availability of credit, turnover in housing, the condition of the residential and commercial construction industries and the overall strength of the economy.
The principal methods of competition within the floor covering industry generally are service, style, quality, price, product innovation and technology. In each of the markets, price and market coverage are particularly important because there is limited differentiation among competing product lines. The Company’s investments in manufacturing equipment, computer systems and distribution network, as well as the Company’s marketing strategy, contribute to its ability to compete on the basis of performance, quality, style and service, rather than just price.
Carpet Segment
The carpet and rug industry is highly competitive. Based on industry publications, the top five North American carpet and rug manufacturers (including their North American and foreign divisions) in 2012 had carpet and rug sales in excess of $6.8 billion of the over $10.6 billion market. The Company believes it is the second largest producer of carpets and rugs (in terms of sales dollars) in the world based on its 2012 net sales.
Ceramic Segment
The ceramic tile industry is significantly more fragmented than the carpet industry. The Company faces competition in the ceramic tile flooring channel from a large number of foreign and domestic manufacturers who all compete for sales of ceramic tile to customers. The Company believes it is the largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of ceramic tile in the world.
Laminate and Wood Segment
The Company faces competition in the laminate and hardwood flooring channel from a large number of domestic and foreign manufacturers. The Company believes it is one of the largest manufacturers, distributors and licensors of laminate flooring in the world, with a focus on high-end products. The Company believes it is one of the largest manufacturers and distributors of hardwood flooring in the U.S. In addition, the Company believes it has a competitive advantage in the laminate flooring channel as a result of the Laminate and Wood segment’s industry leading design, patented technologies and brands, which allow the Company to distinguish its laminate and hardwood flooring products in the areas of finish, quality, installation and assembly.
Patents and Trademarks
Intellectual property is important to the Company’s business, and the Company relies on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws to protect its interests.
The Company uses several trademarks that it considers important in the marketing of its products, including Aladdin, American Olean, Bigelow, Century Flooring, Columbia Flooring, Dal-Tile, Duracolor®, didit, Durkan, Elka®, Everset fibers®, Horizon, Karastan, Kerama Marazzi, Lees, Marazzi, Mohawk, Mohawk ColorCenter, Mohawk Floorscapes, Mohawk GreenWorks®, Mohawk Home, Pergo, Portico, PureBond®, Quick-Step, Ragno, SmartStrand, Ultra Performance System®, UNICLIC, UNILIN®, Utherm® and Wear-Dated®. These trademarks represent innovations that highlight competitive advantages and provide differentiation from competing brands in the market.
The Laminate and Wood segment owns a number of important patent families in Europe and the U.S. some of which the Company licenses to manufacturers and distributors throughout the world. The most important of these patent families is the UNICLIC family, which include the snap, pretension, clearance and the beveled edge patent. The UNICLIC family of patents is expected to expire in 2017. The Company continues to explore additional opportunities to generate revenue from its patent portfolio including, potential licensing opportunities related to Pergo's “clicking” technology. The Company believes potential revenue from newly acquired intellectual property along with other ongoing innovations will partially offset the impact of the future expiration of the UNICLIC family patents. The licensing revenue from patents included in the Laminate and Wood segment's results were approximately €87 million and €80 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively. The licensing revenue from patents generated in the Laminate and Wood segment's operations is partially offset by various expenses such as amortization, developing new technologies, filing new patents, supporting existing patents, defending patent lawsuits, collection and auditing of receivables, bad debt and other administrative activities. The Company continues to build upon these patents, trademarks and its proven innovation in pursuing growth opportunities.


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Sales Terms and Major Customers
The Company’s sales terms are substantially the same as those generally available throughout the industry. The Company generally permits its customers to return products purchased from it within specified time periods from the date of sale, if the customer is not satisfied with the quality of the product.
During 2013, no single customer accounted for more than 10% of total net sales, and the top 10 customers accounted for less than 20% of the Company’s net sales. The Company believes the loss of one major customer would not have a material adverse effect on its business.
Employees
As of December 31, 2013, the Company employed approximately 32,100 persons consisting of approximately 23,100 in North America, approximately 4,500 in Europe, approximately 3,400 in Russia, approximately 1,000 in Malaysia and approximately 100 in various other countries. The majority of the Company’s European and Mexican manufacturing employees are members of unions. Most of the Company’s U.S. employees are not a party to any collective bargaining agreement. Additionally, the Company has not experienced any strikes or work stoppages in recent years. The Company believes that its relations with its employees are good.
Available Information
The Company’s Internet address is http://www.mohawkind.com. The Company makes the following reports filed by it available, free of charge, on its website under the heading “Investor Information”:
annual reports on Form 10-K;
quarterly reports on Form 10-Q;
current reports on Form 8-K; and
amendments to the foregoing reports.
The foregoing reports are made available on the Company’s website as soon as practicable after they are filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Item 1A.
Risk Factors
In addition to the other information provided in this Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be considered when evaluating an investment in shares of the Company’s Common Stock. If any of the events described in these risks were to occur, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

The floor covering industry is sensitive to changes in general economic conditions, such as consumer confidence and income, corporate and government spending, interest rate levels, availability of credit and demand for housing. The downturn in the U.S. and global economies, along with the residential and commercial markets in such economies, negatively impacted the floor covering industry and the Company’s business. Although these difficult economic conditions have improved, there may be additional downturns that could cause the industry to deteriorate in the future. Further, significant or prolonged declines in such economies could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The downturn in the U.S. and global economies, along with the residential and commercial markets in such economies, negatively impacted the floor covering industry and the Company’s business. The Company derives a majority of its sales from the replacement segment of the market, followed by sales associated with new construction activities. Although the impact of a decline in new construction activity is typically accompanied by an increase in remodeling and replacement activity, these activities lagged during the downturn. Although the difficult economic conditions have improved in the U.S., European and other markets have not recovered as quickly and there may be additional downturns that could cause the industry to deteriorate in the foreseeable future. A significant or prolonged decline in residential or commercial remodeling or new construction activity could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and results of operations.

The Company may be unable to predict customer preferences or demand accurately, or to respond to technological developments.
The Company operates in a market sector where demand is strongly influenced by rapidly changing customer preferences as to product design and technical features. Failure to quickly and effectively respond to changing customer demand or technological developments could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.


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The Company faces intense competition in the flooring industry that could decrease demand for the Company’s products or force it to lower prices, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The floor covering industry is highly competitive. The Company faces competition from a number of manufacturers and independent distributors. Maintaining the Company’s competitive position may require substantial investments in the Company’s product development efforts, manufacturing facilities, distribution network and sales and marketing activities. Competitive pressures may also result in decreased demand for the Company’s products or force the Company to lower prices. Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

Changes in the global economy could affect the Company’s overall availability and cost of credit.

Despite recent improvement in overall economic conditions in the U.S., continued weakness elsewhere in the world or changes in market conditions could impact the Company’s ability to obtain financing in the future, including any financing necessary to refinance existing indebtedness. The cost and availability of credit during uncertain economic times could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and operating results.

Further, these negative economic and business conditions may factor into the Company’s periodic credit ratings assessment by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. ("Moody's"), Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC ("S&P") and Fitch, Inc. A rating agency’s evaluation is based on a number of factors, which include scale and diversification, brand strength, profitability, leverage, liquidity and interest coverage. Any future downgrades in the Company’s credit ratings could increase the cost of its existing credit and could adversely affect the cost of and ability to obtain additional credit in the future. Each downgrade of the Company’s credit rating by Moody's or S&P would increase interest expense on the Company’s senior unsecured $900.0 million notes by 25 basis points. The Company can provide no assurances that downgrades will not occur.

If the Company were unable to meet certain covenants contained in its existing credit facilities, it may be required to repay borrowings under the credit facilities prior to their maturity and may lose access to the credit facilities for additional borrowings that may be necessary to fund its operations and growth strategy.

On July 8, 2011, the Company entered into a $900.0 million, 5-year, senior, secured revolving credit facility (the "2011 Senior Credit Facility"). On January 20, 2012, the Company entered into an amendment to the 2011 Senior Credit Facility that provided for an incremental term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $150.0 million. On September 25, 2013, the Company entered into a $1,000.0 million, 5-year, senior revolving credit facility (the "2013 Senior Credit Facility") and terminated the 2011 Senior Credit Facility, including the term loan, which was originally set to mature on July 8, 2016. As of December 31, 2013, the amount utilized under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility including the term loan was $458.5 million resulting in a total of $541.5 million available under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility. The amount utilized included $364.0 million of borrowings, $46.8 million of standby letters of credit guaranteeing the Company’s industrial revenue bonds and $47.7 million of standby letters of credit related to various insurance contracts and foreign vendor commitments. In addition, on December 19, 2012, the Company entered into a three-year on-balance sheet U.S. trade accounts receivable securitization agreement (the "Securitization Facility") that allows the Company to borrow up to $300 million based on available accounts receivable and is secured by the Company's U.S. trade accounts receivable. At December 31, 2013, the amount utilized under the Securitization Facility was $300.0 million.

During the term of the credit facilities, if the Company’s cash flow is worse than expected or the U.S. trade accounts receivables are lower than expected, the Company may need to refinance all or a portion of its indebtedness through a public and/or private debt offering or a new bank facility and may not be able to do so on terms acceptable to it, or at all. If the Company is unable to access debt markets at competitive rates or in sufficient amounts due to credit rating downgrades, market volatility, market disruption, or weakness in the Company's businesses, the Company’s ability to finance its operations or repay existing debt obligations may be materially and adversely affected.

Additionally, the credit facilities include certain affirmative and negative covenants that impose restrictions on the Company’s financial and business operations, including limitations on liens, indebtedness, investments, fundamental changes, asset dispositions, dividends and other similar restricted payments, transactions with affiliates, payments and modifications of certain existing debt, future negative pledges, and changes in the nature of the Company’s business. In addition, the 2013 Senior Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio of at least 3.0 to 1.0 and a Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio of no more than 3.75 to 1.0. A failure to comply with the obligations contained in our current or future credit facilities or indentures relating to our outstanding public debt could result in an event of default or an acceleration of debt under other instruments that may contain cross-acceleration or cross-default provisions. We cannot be certain that we would have, or be able to obtain, sufficient funds to make these accelerated payments.



9


The 2013 Senior Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on September 25, 2018. However, the maturity date will accelerate, resulting in the acceleration of any unamortized deferred financing costs, to October 16, 2015, if on that date any of the Company's 6.125% notes due January 15, 2016 remains outstanding and the Company has not delivered to the Administrative Agent a certificate demonstrating that, after giving pro forma effect to the repayment in cash in full on that date of all of the 6.125% notes that remain outstanding, the amount the Company would be permitted to draw under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility, together with the aggregate consolidated amount of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the Company, would exceed $200.0 million.  While there can be no assurance, the Company currently believes that if any of the 6.125% notes remains outstanding on October 16, 2015, the amount the Company would be permitted to draw under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility, together with the aggregate consolidated amount of the Company’s unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, would exceed $200.0 million on October 16, 2015.

In periods of rising costs, the Company may be unable to pass raw materials, energy and fuel-related cost increases on to its customers, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The prices of raw materials and fuel-related costs vary significantly with market conditions. Although the Company generally attempts to pass on increases in raw material, energy and fuel-related costs to its customers, the Company’s ability to do so is dependent upon the rate and magnitude of any increase, competitive pressures and market conditions for the Company’s products. There have been in the past, and may be in the future, periods of time during which increases in these costs cannot be recovered. During such periods of time, the Company’s business may be materially adversely affected.

The Company may be unable to obtain raw materials or sourced product on a timely basis, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The principal raw materials used in the Company’s manufacturing operations include nylon, polypropylene, triexta and polyester resins and fibers, which are used primarily in the Company’s carpet and rugs business; clay, talc, nepheline syenite and glazes, including frit (ground glass), zircon and stains, which are used exclusively in the Company’s ceramic tile business; and wood, paper, and resins which are used primarily in the Company’s wood and laminate flooring business. In addition, the Company sources finished goods as well. For certain of such raw materials and sourced products, the Company is dependent on one or a small number of suppliers. An adverse change in the Company’s relationship with such a supplier, the financial condition of such a supplier or such supplier’s ability to manufacture or deliver such raw materials or sourced products to the Company could lead to an interruption of supply or require the Company to purchase more expensive alternatives. An extended interruption in the supply of these or other raw materials or sourced products used in the Company’s business or in the supply of suitable substitute materials or products would disrupt the Company’s operations, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may impact the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and may affect the comparability of results between the Company’s financial periods.

The results of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries reported in the local currency are translated into U.S. Dollars for balance sheet accounts using exchange rates in effect as of the balance sheet date and for the statement of operations accounts using, principally, the Company’s average rates during the period. The exchange rates between some of these currencies and the U.S. Dollar in recent years have fluctuated significantly and may continue to do so in the future. The Company may not be able to manage effectively the Company’s currency translation risks, and volatility in currency exchange rates may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and affect comparability of the Company’s results between financial periods.

The Company relies on information systems in managing the Company’s operations and any system failure or deficiencies of such systems may have an adverse effect on the Company’s business.
The Company’s businesses rely on sophisticated inventory systems to obtain, rapidly process, analyze and manage data. The Company relies on these systems to, among other things:
    facilitate the purchase, management and distribution of inventory items;
    manage and monitor the daily operations of our distribution network;
    receive, process and ship orders on a timely basis;
    manage accurate billing to customers; and
    control logistics and quality control for our retail operations.


10


In our business, we rely on information management systems to monitor the daily operation of points of sale controlled and managed by us and to maintain accurate and up-to-date operating and financial data for the compilation of management information. We rely on our computer hardware, software and network for the storage, delivery and transmission of data to our sales and distribution systems. In addition, certain of our production processes are managed and conducted by computer. Any damage by unforeseen events or system failure which causes interruptions to the input, retrieval and transmission of data or increase in the service time, whether caused by human error, natural disasters, power loss, computer viruses, intentional acts of vandalism or otherwise, could disrupt our normal operations. There can be no assurance that we can effectively carry out our disaster recovery plan to handle the failure of our information systems, or that we will be able to restore our operational capacity within sufficient time to avoid material disruption to our business. The occurrence of any of these events could cause unanticipated disruptions in service, decreased customer service and customer satisfaction and harm to our reputation, which could result in loss of customers, increased operating expenses and financial losses. Any such events could in turn have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.

The Company may experience certain risks associated with acquisitions, joint ventures and strategic investments.

The Company intends to grow its business through a combination of organic growth and acquisitions. Growth through acquisitions involves risks, many of which may continue to affect the Company after the acquisition. The Company cannot give assurance that an acquired company will achieve the levels of revenue, profitability and production that the Company expects. Acquisitions may require the issuance of additional securities or the incurrence of additional indebtedness, which may dilute the ownership interests of existing security holders or impose higher interest costs on the Company.

The Company may also face challenges in consolidating functions, integrating the Company’s organizations, procedures, operations and product lines in a timely and efficient manner and retaining key personnel. These challenges include:

maintaining executive offices in different locations;
manufacturing and selling different types of products through different distribution channels;
conducting business from various locations;
maintaining different operating systems and software on different computer hardware; and
providing different employment and compensation arrangements for employees.

Failure to successfully manage and integrate an acquisition with the Company’s existing operations could lead to the potential loss of customers of the acquired business, the potential loss of employees who may be vital to the new operations, the potential loss of business opportunities or other adverse consequences that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Even if integration occurs successfully, failure of the acquisition to achieve levels of anticipated sales growth, profitability or productivity, or otherwise perform as expected, may result in goodwill or other asset impairments or otherwise have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, we have made certain investments, including through joint ventures, in which we have a minority equity interest and lack management and operational control. The controlling joint venture partner in a joint venture investment may have business interests, strategies or goals that are inconsistent with ours, and business decisions or other actions or omissions of the controlling joint venture partner or the joint venture company may result in harm to our reputation or adversely affect the value of our investment in the joint venture.

A failure to identify suitable acquisition candidates or partners for strategic investments and to complete acquisitions could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

As part of the Company’s business strategy, the Company intends to continue to pursue a wide array of potential strategic transactions, including acquisitions of complementary businesses, as well as strategic investments and joint ventures. Although the Company regularly evaluates such opportunities, the Company may not be able to successfully identify suitable acquisition candidates or investment opportunities, to obtain sufficient financing on acceptable terms to fund such strategic transactions, to complete acquisitions and integrate acquired businesses with the Company’s existing businesses, or to manage profitably acquired businesses or strategic investments.

The Company manufactures, sources and sells many products internationally and is exposed to risks associated with doing business globally.



11


The Company's international activities are significant to its manufacturing capacity, revenues and profits, and the Company is further expanding internationally. The Company sells products, operates plants and invests in companies around the world. Currently, the Company's Laminate and Wood segment has significant operations in Europe, Russia, Malaysia and Australia and the Company's Ceramic segment has significant operations in Europe, Russia and Mexico. In addition, the Company has invested in joint ventures in Brazil related to laminate flooring and China related to ceramic tile. The business, regulatory and political environments in these countries differ from those in the U.S. The Company’s international sales, operations and investments are subject to risks and uncertainties, including:

changes in foreign country regulatory requirements;
differing business practices associated with foreign operations;
various import/export restrictions and the availability of required import/export licenses;
imposition of foreign tariffs and other trade barriers;
political, legal and economic instability;
foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations;
foreign country tax rules, regulations and other requirements, such as changes in tax rates and statutory and judicial interpretations in tax laws;
inflation;
differing labor laws and changes in those laws;
work stoppages and disruptions in the shipping of imported and exported products;
government price controls;
extended payment terms and the inability to collect accounts receivable;
tax inefficiencies and currency exchange controls that may adversely impact its ability to repatriate cash from non-U.S. subsidiaries; and
compliance with laws governing international relations, including those that prohibit improper payments to government officials.

The Company cannot assure investors that it will succeed in developing and implementing policies and strategies to counter the foregoing factors effectively in each location where the Company does business, and, therefore that the foregoing factors will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations or upon its financial condition and results of operations.

The Company has significant operations in emerging markets, including Russia and, to a lesser extent, China, Mexico and Brazil, and, therefore, has exposure to doing business in potentially unstable areas of the world.
Operations in emerging markets are subject to greater risk than more developed markets, including in some cases significant legal, economic and political risks. Market conditions and the political structures that support them are subject to rapid change in these economies, and the Company may not be able to react quickly enough to protect its assets and business operations. In particular, Russia and each of the other developing markets in which the Company operates may be characterized by one or more of the following:
heavy state control of natural resources and energy supplies;
state ownership of transportation and supply chain assets;
high protective tariffs and inefficient customs processes;
complex and conflicting laws and regulations, which may be inconsistently or arbitrarily enforced;
underdeveloped infrastructure;
high incidences of corruption in state regulatory agencies;
high crime rates;
volatile inflation;
widespread poverty and resulting political instability;
immature legal and banking systems; and
uncertainty with respect to title to real and personal property.
Changes in any one or a combination of these factors could have a material adverse affect on the Company’s operations, financial condition and prospects.

Negative tax consequences could materially and adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.


12


The Company is subject to the tax laws of the many jurisdictions in which we operate. These tax laws are complex, and the manner in which they apply to our facts is sometimes open to interpretation. In calculating the provision for income taxes, we must make judgments about the application of these inherently complex tax laws. Our domestic and international tax liabilities are largely dependent upon the distribution of profit before tax among these many jurisdictions. However, it also includes estimates of additional tax which may be incurred for tax exposures and reflects various estimates and assumptions, including assessments of future earnings of the Company that could impact the valuation of our deferred tax assets. Our future results of operations and tax liability could be adversely affected by changes in the effective tax rate as a result of a change in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in the overall profitability of the Company, changes in tax legislation and rates, changes in generally accepted accounting principles, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in the amount of earnings permanently reinvested offshore, the results of audits and examinations of previously filed tax returns, and ongoing assessments of our tax exposures.

The Company has been, and in the future may be, subject to costs, liabilities and other obligations under existing or new laws and regulations, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The Company and its customers and suppliers are subject to increasingly numerous and complex laws, regulations and licensing requirements in each of the jurisdictions in which the Company conducts business. The Company faces risks and uncertainties related to compliance with such laws and regulations. In addition, new laws and regulations may be enacted in the U.S. or abroad that may require the Company to incur additional personnel-related, environmental, or other costs on an ongoing basis, such as recently enacted healthcare legislation in the United States.

Further, the Company’s operations are subject to various environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, including those governing air emissions, wastewater discharges, and the use, storage, treatment, recycling and disposal of materials and finished product. The applicable requirements under these laws are subject to amendment, to the imposition of new or additional requirements and to changing interpretations of agencies or courts. The Company could incur material expenditures to comply with new or existing regulations, including fines and penalties and increased costs of its operations. For example, our manufacturing facilities may become subject to further limitations on the emission of “greenhouse gases” due to public policy concerns regarding climate change issues or other environmental or health and safety concerns. While the form of any additional regulations cannot be predicted, a “cap-and-trade” system similar to the system that applies to our businesses in the European Union could be adopted in the United States. The Company’s manufacturing processes use a significant amount of energy, especially natural gas. Any such “cap-and-trade” system or other limitations imposed on the emission of “greenhouse gases” could require us to increase our capital expenditures, use our cash to acquire emission credits or restructure our manufacturing operations, which could have a material adverse affect on our operating results, financial condition and liquidity.

The Company’s business operations could suffer significant losses from natural disasters, catastrophes, fire or other unexpected events.

Many of the Company’s business activities involve substantial investments in manufacturing facilities and many products are produced at a limited number of locations. These facilities could be materially damaged by natural disasters, such as floods, tornados, hurricanes and earthquakes, or by fire or other unexpected events. The Company could incur uninsured losses and liabilities arising from such events, including damage to its reputation, and/or suffer material losses in operational capacity, which could have a material adverse impact on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Company may be exposed to litigation, claims and other legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business relating to its products, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is subject to a variety of product-related claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings, including those relating to product liability, product warranty, product recall, personal injury, and other matters that are inherently subject to many uncertainties regarding the possibility of a loss to the Company. Such matters could have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations and financial condition if the Company is unable to successfully defend against or resolve these matters or if its insurance coverage is insufficient to satisfy any judgments
against the Company or settlements relating to these matters. Although the Company has product liability insurance, the policies may not provide coverage for certain claims against the Company or may not be sufficient to cover all possible liabilities. Further, the Company may not be able to maintain insurance at commercially acceptable premium levels. Moreover, adverse publicity arising from claims made against the Company, even if the claims are not successful, could adversely affect the Company’s reputation or the reputation and sales of its products.



13


The Company’s inability to protect its intellectual property rights or collect license revenues, particularly with respect to the Company’s patented laminate flooring technology and its registered trademarks, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The future success and competitive position of certain of the Company’s businesses, particularly the Company’s laminate flooring business, depend in part upon the Company’s ability to obtain, maintain and license proprietary technology used in the Company’s principal product families. The Company relies, in part, on the patent, trade secret and trademark laws of the U.S., countries in the European Union and elsewhere, as well as confidentiality agreements with some of the Company’s employees, to protect that technology.

The Company has obtained a number of patents relating to the Company’s products and associated methods and has filed applications for additional patents, including the UNICLIC and Pergo family of patents, which protects its interlocking laminate flooring technology. The Company cannot assure investors that any patents owned by or issued to it will provide the Company with competitive advantages, that third parties will not challenge these patents, or that the Company’s pending patent applications will be approved. In addition, patent filings by third parties, whether made before or after the date of the Company’s filings, could render the Company’s intellectual property less valuable.

Furthermore, despite the Company’s efforts, the Company may be unable to prevent competitors and/or third parties from using the Company’s technology without the Company’s authorization, independently developing technology that is similar to that of the Company or designing around the Company’s patents. The use of the Company’s technology or similar technology by others could reduce or eliminate any competitive advantage the Company has developed, cause the Company to lose sales or otherwise harm the Company’s business.

The Company has obtained and applied for numerous U.S. and foreign service marks and trademark registrations and will continue to evaluate the registration of additional service marks and trademarks, as appropriate. The Company cannot guarantee that any of the Company’s pending or future applications will be approved by the applicable governmental authorities. A failure to obtain trademark registrations in the U.S. and in other countries could limit the Company’s ability to protect the Company’s trademarks and impede the Company’s marketing efforts in those jurisdictions and could have a material effect on the Company’s business.

The Company generates license revenue from certain patents in the UNICLIC and Pergo families that are not expected to expire until 2017 and 2021, respectively. The Company continues to develop new sources of revenue to offset the expiration of its UNICLIC and Pergo family of patents. The failure to develop alternative revenues could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business.

The Company generally requires third parties with access to the Company’s trade secrets to agree to keep such information confidential. While such measures are intended to protect the Company’s trade secrets, there can be no assurance that these agreements will not be breached, that the Company will have adequate remedies for any breach or that the Company’s confidential and proprietary information and technology will not be independently developed by or become otherwise known to third parties. In any of these circumstances, the Company’s competitiveness could be significantly impaired, which would limit the Company’s growth and future revenue.

Third parties may claim that the Company infringed their intellectual property or proprietary rights, which could cause it to incur significant expenses or prevent it from selling the Company’s products.

In the past, third parties have claimed that certain technologies incorporated in the Company’s products infringe their patent rights. The Company cannot be certain that the Company’s products do not and will not infringe issued patents or other intellectual property rights of others. Historically, patent applications in the U.S. and some foreign countries have not been publicly disclosed until the patent is issued (or, in some recent cases, until 18 months following submission), and the Company may not be aware of currently filed patent applications that relate to the Company’s products or processes. If patents are later issued on these applications, the Company may be liable for infringement.

Furthermore, the Company may initiate claims or litigation against parties for infringement of the Company’s proprietary rights or to establish the invalidity, noninfringement, or unenforceability of the proprietary rights of others. Litigation, either as plaintiff or defendant, could result in significant expense to the Company and divert the efforts of the Company’s technical and management personnel from operations, whether or not such litigation is resolved in the Company’s favor. In the event of an adverse ruling in any such litigation, the Company might be required to pay substantial damages (including punitive damages and attorney’s fees), discontinue the use and sale of infringing products, expend significant resources to develop non-infringing technology or obtain licenses authorizing the use of infringing technology. There can be no assurance that licenses for disputed


14


technology or intellectual property rights would be available on reasonable commercial terms, if at all. In the event of a successful claim against the Company along with failure to develop or license a substitute technology, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially and adversely affected.

The long-term performance of the Company’s business relies on its ability to attract, develop and retain talented management.

To be successful, the Company must attract, develop and retain qualified and talented personnel in management, sales, marketing, product design and innovation and operations, and as it considers entering new international markets, skilled personnel familiar with those markets. The Company competes with multinational firms for these employees and invests resources in recruiting, developing, motivating and retaining them. The failure to attract, develop, motivate and retain key employees could negatively affect the Company’s competitive position and its operating results.

The Company is subject to changing regulation of corporate governance and public disclosure that have increased both costs and the risk of noncompliance.

The Company’s stock is publicly traded. As a result, the Company is subject to the rules and regulations of federal and state agencies and financial market exchange entities charged with the protection of investors and the oversight of companies whose securities are publicly traded. These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the New York Stock Exchange, frequently issue new requirements and regulations. The Company’s efforts to comply with the regulations and interpretations have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative costs and diversion of management’s time and attention from revenue generating activities to compliance activities.

Declines in the Company’s business conditions may result in an impairment of the Company’s tangible and intangible assets which could result in a material non-cash charge.

A significant or prolonged decrease in the Company’s market capitalization, including a decline in stock price, or a negative long-term performance outlook, could result in an impairment of its tangible and intangible assets which results when the carrying value of the Company’s assets exceed their fair value.

Forward-Looking Information

Certain of the statements in this Form 10-K, particularly those anticipating future performance, business prospects, growth and operating strategies, and similar matters, and those that include the words “could,” “should,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects” and “estimates” or similar expressions constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. For those statements, Mohawk claims the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. There can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements will be accurate because they are based on many assumptions, which involve risks and uncertainties. The following important factors could cause future results to differ: changes in economic or industry conditions; competition; inflation in raw material prices and other input costs; energy costs and supply; timing and level of capital expenditures; timing and implementation of price increases for the Company’s products; impairment charges; integration of acquisitions; international operations; introduction of new products; rationalization of operations; tax, product and other claims; litigation; and other risks identified in Mohawk’s SEC reports and public announcements.

Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.
Properties
The Company owns a 0.2 million square foot headquarters office in Calhoun, Georgia on an eight-acre site. The Company also owns a 2.1 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Dalton, Georgia and a 1.4 million square foot manufacturing facility in Glasgow, Virginia used by the Carpet segment; a 2.4 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Orel, Russia, a 1.7 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Monterey, Mexico, a 1.4 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Sunnyvale, Texas and a 0.8 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Sassuolo, Italy used by the Ceramic segment; and a 2.1 million square foot manufacturing property and a 1.1 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Wielsbeke, Belgium, a 1.2 million square foot manufacturing facility in Oostrozebeke,


15



Belgium and a 0.5 million square foot manufacturing facility located in Thomasville, North Carolina used by the Laminate and Wood segment.
The following table summarizes the Company’s facilities both owned and leased for each segment in square feet (in millions):
 
Carpet Segment
 
Ceramic Segment
 
Laminate and Wood Segment
Primary Purpose
Owned
 
Leased
 
Owned
 
Leased
 
Owned
 
Leased
Manufacturing
17.4

 

 
14.1

 
1.0

 
10.7

 
0.7

Selling and Distribution
3.7

 
4.9

 
4.8

 
8.1

 
0.1

 
0.3

Other
0.6

 
0.1

 
6.1

 
0.7

 
0.1

 

Total
21.7

 
5.0

 
25.0

 
9.8

 
10.9

 
1.0

The Company’s properties are in good condition and adequate for its requirements. The Company believes its principal plants are generally adequate to meet its production plans pursuant to the Company’s long-term sales goals. In the ordinary course of business, the Company monitors the condition of its facilities to ensure that they remain adequate to meet long-term sales goals and production plans.

Item 3.
Legal Proceedings

The Company is involved in litigation from time to time in the regular course of its business. Except as noted below, there are no material legal proceedings pending or known by the Company to be contemplated to which the Company is a party or to which any of its property is subject.

Beginning in August 2010, a series of civil lawsuits were initiated in several U.S. federal courts alleging that certain manufacturers of polyurethane foam products and competitors of the Company’s carpet underlay division had engaged in price fixing in violation of U.S. antitrust laws. The Company has been named as a defendant in a number of the individual cases (the first filed on August 26, 2010), as well as in two consolidated amended class action complaints (the first filed on February 28, 2011) on behalf of a class of all direct purchasers of polyurethane foam products, and the second filed on March 21, 2011, on behalf of a class of indirect purchasers. All pending cases in which the Company has been named as a defendant have been filed in or transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio for consolidated pre-trial proceedings under the name In re: Polyurethane Foam Antitrust Litigation, Case No. 1:10-MDL-02196.

In these actions, the plaintiffs, on behalf of themselves and/or a class of purchasers, seek three times the amount of unspecified damages allegedly suffered as a result of alleged overcharges in the price of polyurethane foam products from at least 1999 to the present. Each plaintiff also seeks attorney fees, pre-judgment and post-judgment interest, court costs, and injunctive relief against future violations. In December 2011, the Company was named as a defendant in a Canadian Class action, Hi ! Neighbor Floor Covering Co. Limited v. Hickory Springs Manufacturing Company, et.al., filed in the Superior Court of Justice of Ontario, Canada and Options Consommateures v. Vitafoam, Inc. et.al., filed in the Superior Court of Justice of Quebec, Montreal, Canada, both of which allege similar claims against the Company as raised in the U.S. actions and seek unspecified damages and punitive damages. The Company denies all of the allegations in these actions and will vigorously defend itself.

The Company believes that adequate provisions for resolution of all contingencies, claims and pending litigation have been made for probable losses that are reasonably estimable. These contingencies are subject to significant uncertainties and we are unable to estimate the amount or range of loss, if any, in excess of amounts accrued. The Company does not believe that the ultimate outcome of these actions will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition but could have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, cash flows or liquidity in a given quarter or year.

Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities


16



Market for the Common Stock
The Company’s common stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), is quoted on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “MHK.” The table below shows the high and low sales prices per share of the Common Stock as reported on the NYSE Composite Tape, for each fiscal period indicated.  
 
Mohawk Common Stock
 
High    
 
Low    
2012
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
68.16

 
57.62

Second Quarter
75.44

 
60.21

Third Quarter
82.76

 
64.22

Fourth Quarter
93.95

 
77.67

2013
 
 
 
First Quarter
115.32

 
91.30

Second Quarter
120.70

 
103.74

Third Quarter
134.75

 
108.89

Fourth Quarter
149.01

 
122.74

As of February 21, 2014, there were approximately 290 holders of record of Common Stock. The Company has not paid or declared any cash dividends on shares of its Common Stock since completing its initial public offering. The Company’s policy is to retain all net earnings for the development of its business, and it does not anticipate paying cash dividends on the Common Stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of future cash dividends will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon the Company’s profitability, financial condition, cash requirements, future prospects and other factors deemed relevant by the Board of Directors.
The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to 15 million shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock. Since the inception of the program in 1999, a total of approximately 11.5 million shares have been repurchased at an aggregate cost of approximately $335.2 million. All of these repurchases have been financed through the Company’s operations and banking arrangements. For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company repurchased approximately 1 thousand shares at an average price of $123.16 per share in connection with the exercise of stock options under the Company's 2012 Incentive Plan. The Company acquired 1 thousand shares under the plan during the fourth quarter of 2013.
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Weighted Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Maximum Number of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
 
(Amounts in thousands, except price data)
September 29, 2013 - November 2, 2013

$


3,481

November 3, 2013 - November 30, 2013
1

137.64


3,480

December 1, 2013 - December 31, 2013



3,480

Total
1

$


3,480

 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
The following table sets forth the selected financial data of the Company for the periods indicated which information is derived from the consolidated financial statements of the Company. The selected financial data should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere herein.
 


17


 
As of or for the Years Ended December 31,
 
2013 (c)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Statement of operations data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales (a)
$
7,348,754

 
5,787,980

 
5,642,258

 
5,319,072

 
5,344,024

Cost of sales (a)
5,427,945

 
4,297,922

 
4,225,379

 
3,916,472

 
4,111,794

Gross profit
1,920,809

 
1,490,058

 
1,416,879

 
1,402,600

 
1,232,230

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,373,878

 
1,110,550

 
1,101,337

 
1,088,431

 
1,188,500

Operating income
546,931

 
379,508

 
315,542

 
314,169

 
43,730

Interest expense
92,246

 
74,713

 
101,617

 
133,151

 
127,031

Other expense (income), net (b)
9,114

 
303

 
14,051

 
(11,630
)
 
(5,588
)
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
445,571

 
304,492

 
199,874

 
192,648

 
(77,713
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
78,385

 
53,599

 
21,649

 
2,713

 
(76,694
)
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
367,186

 
250,893

 
178,225

 
189,935

 
(1,019
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit of $1,050
(17,895
)
 

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) including noncontrolling interest
349,291

 
250,893

 
178,225

 
189,935

 
(1,019
)
Less: Net earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest
505

 
635

 
4,303

 
4,464

 
4,480

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
348,786

 
250,258

 
173,922

 
185,471

 
(5,499
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) from continuing operations per share
$
5.11

 
3.63

 
2.53

 
2.66

 
(0.08
)
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
4.86

 
3.63

 
2.53

 
2.66

 
(0.08
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) from continuing operations per share
$
5.07

 
3.61

 
2.52

 
2.65

 
(0.08
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
4.82

 
3.61

 
2.52

 
2.65

 
(0.08
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance sheet data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Working capital (includes short-term debt)
$
1,764,907

 
1,721,397

 
1,296,818

 
1,199,699

 
1,474,978

Total assets
8,494,177

 
6,303,684

 
6,206,228

 
6,098,926

 
6,391,446

Long-term debt (including current portion)
2,260,008

 
1,382,942

 
1,586,439

 
1,653,582

 
1,854,479

Total stockholders’ equity
4,470,306

 
3,719,617

 
3,415,785

 
3,271,556

 
3,200,823

(a)
During 2009, the Company recognized an increased number of warranty claims related to the performance of commercial carpet tiles that used a newer carpet backing technology. As a result, the Company recorded a $121,224 carpet sales allowance and a $12,268 inventory write-off.
(b)
In 2010, the Company received $7,730 in refunds from the U.S. government in reference to settlement of customs disputes dating back to 1986.
(c)
During 2013, the Company acquired Pergo, Marazzi and Spano as discussed in Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
The Company has three reporting segments: the Carpet segment, the Ceramic segment and the Laminate and Wood segment. The Carpet segment designs, manufactures, sources and markets its floor covering product lines, including carpets, ceramic tile, laminate, rugs, carpet pad, hardwood and resilient, which it distributes primarily in North America through its


18


network of regional distribution centers and satellite warehouses using company-operated trucks, common carrier or rail transportation. The segment’s product lines are sold through various selling channels, which include independent floor covering retailers, home centers, mass merchandisers, department stores, shop at home, buying groups, commercial dealers and commercial end users. The Ceramic segment designs, manufactures, sources and markets a broad line of ceramic tile, porcelain tile, natural stone and other products, which it distributes primarily in North America, Europe and Russia through its network of regional distribution centers and Company-operated service centers using company-operated trucks, common carriers or rail transportation. The segment’s product lines are sold through Company-operated service centers, independent distributors, home center retailers, tile and flooring retailers and contractors. The Laminate and Wood segment designs, manufactures, sources, licenses and markets laminate, hardwood flooring, roofing elements, insulation boards, MDF, chipboards and other wood products, which it distributes primarily in North America and Europe through various selling channels, which include retailers, independent distributors and home centers.
Net earnings attributable to the Company were $348.8 million, or diluted EPS of $4.82 for 2013 compared to net earnings attributable to the Company of $250.3 million, or diluted EPS of $3.61 for 2012. The increase in EPS was primarily attributable to the acquisitions discussed below, increased operations productivity, higher legacy sales volume, the favorable net impact of price and product mix and lower amortization expense, partially offset by restructuring, acquisition and integration costs attributable to the acquisitions, higher input costs and losses attributable to the sale of a discontinued operation.
For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company generated $525.2 million of cash from operating activities. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $54.1 million, of which $22.8 million was in the United States and $31.3 million was in foreign countries.
Recent Acquisitions
On January 10, 2013, the Company completed its purchase of Pergo, a leading manufacturer of laminate flooring in the U.S. and the Nordic countries. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $145 million. Pergo complements the Company's specialty distribution network in the U.S., leverages its geographic position in Europe, expands its geographic reach to the Nordic countries and India and enhances its patent portfolio. The acquisition's results and purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.
On April 3, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of Marazzi, a global manufacturer, distributor and marketer of ceramic tile. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $1.5 billion. The Marazzi acquisition makes the Company a global leader in ceramic tile. The addition of Marazzi will allow the Company to expand its U.S. distribution, source ceramic tile from Europe, and provide industry leading innovation and design to all of its global ceramic customers. The acquisition will provide opportunities to improve performance by leveraging best practices, operational expertise, product innovation and manufacturing assets across the enterprise. The acquisition's results and a preliminary purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.
On May 3, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of Spano, a Belgian chipboard manufacturer. The total value of the acquisition was approximately $160 million. Spano extends the Laminate and Wood segment's customer base into new channels of distribution and adds technical expertise and product knowledge which the Company can leverage. The synergies between the Laminate and Wood segment and Spano create opportunities to optimize manufacturing assets and processes, raw materials and operational efficiencies. The acquisition's results and a preliminary purchase price allocation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since the date of the acquisition.



19


Results of Operations
Following are the results of operations for the last three years:
 
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(In millions)
Statement of operations data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
7,348.8

 
100.0
 %
 
$
5,788.0

 
100.0
%
 
$
5,642.3

 
100.0
%
Cost of sales (1)
5,428.0

 
73.9
 %
 
4,297.9

 
74.3
%
 
4,225.4

 
74.9
%
Gross profit
1,920.8

 
26.1
 %
 
1,490.1

 
25.7
%
 
1,416.9

 
25.1
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses (2)
1,373.9

 
18.7
 %
 
1,110.6

 
19.2
%
 
1,101.3

 
19.5
%
Operating income
546.9

 
7.4
 %
 
379.5

 
6.6
%
 
315.6

 
5.6
%
Interest expense (3)
92.2

 
1.3
 %
 
74.7

 
1.3
%
 
101.6

 
1.8
%
Other expense (4)
9.1

 
0.1
 %
 
0.3

 
%
 
14.1

 
0.2
%
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
445.6

 
6.1
 %
 
304.5

 
5.3
%
 
199.9

 
3.5
%
Income tax expense
78.4

 
1.1
 %
 
53.6

 
0.9
%
 
21.7

 
0.4
%
Earnings from continuing operations
367.2

 
5.0
 %
 
250.9

 
4.3
%
 
178.2

 
3.2
%
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit of $1,050
(17.9
)
 
(0.2
)%
 

 
%
 

 
%
Net earnings including noncontrolling interest
349.3

 
4.8
 %
 
250.9

 
4.3
%
 
178.2

 
3.2
%
Less: Net earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest
0.5

 
 %
 
0.6

 
%
 
4.3

 
0.1
%
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
348.8

 
4.7
 %
 
$
250.3

 
4.3
%
 
$
173.9

 
3.1
%
(1)  Cost of sales includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring, acquisition and integration charges
$
49.2

 
0.7
 %
 
$
14.8

 
0.3
%
 
$
17.5

 
0.3
%
         Acquisition inventory step-up
31.0

 
0.4
 %
 

 
%
 

 
%
(2)  Selling, general and administrative expenses include:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring, acquisition and integration charges
62.8

 
0.9
 %
 
3.7

 
0.1
%
 
5.7

 
0.1
%
Lease charges

 
 %
 

 
%
 
6.0

 
0.1
%
(3)  Interest expense includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt extinguishment costs

 
 %
 

 
%
 
1.1

 
%
Deferred loan cost write-off
0.5

 
 %
 

 
%
 

 
%
Interest on 3.85% senior notes (pre-acquisition)
3.6

 
 %
 

 
%
 

 
%
(4)  Other expense (income) includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized foreign currency losses

 
 %
 

 
%
 
9.1

 
0.2
%
Restructuring, acquisition and integration charges
1.5

 
 %
 

 
%
 

 
%

Year Ended December 31, 2013, as Compared with Year Ended December 31, 2012

Net sales

Net sales for 2013 were $7,348.8 million, reflecting an increase of $1,560.8 million, or 27.0%, from the $5,788.0 million reported for 2012. The increase was primarily attributable to higher volume of approximately $1,450 million mainly driven by the Marazzi, Pergo and Spano acquisitions, the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $77


20


million and the net impact of favorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $34 million. Of the $1,450 million increase in volume, approximately $1,293 million was attributable to the Marazzi, Pergo and Spano acquisitions.

Carpet Segment—Net sales increased $74.0 million, or 2.5%, to $2,986.1 million for 2013, compared to $2,912.1 million for 2012. The increase was primarily attributable to the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $58 million and higher volume of approximately $16 million.

Ceramic Segment—Net sales increased $1,060.7 million, or 65.6%, to $2,677.1 million for 2013, compared to $1,616.4 million for 2012. The increase was primarily attributable to higher volume of approximately $1,033 million, the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $27 million and the net impact of favorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $1 million. Of the $1,033 million increase in volume, approximately $897 million was attributable to the Marazzi acquisition. The remaining volume increases were led by strong residential channel growth along with continued improvement in the commercial channel.

Laminate and Wood Segment—Net sales increased $442.0 million, or 32.7%, to $1,792.3 million for 2013, compared to $1,350.3 million for 2012. The increase was primarily attributable to volume increases of approximately $418 million and the impact of favorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $33 million, partially offset by the unfavorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $9 million. Of the $418 million increase in volume, approximately $396 million was attributable to the Pergo and Spano acquisitions.

Quarterly net sales and the percentage changes in net sales by quarter for 2013 versus 2012 were as follows (dollars in millions):
 
2013
 
2012
 
Change
First quarter
$
1,486.8

 
1,409.0

 
5.5
%
Second quarter
1,976.3

 
1,469.8

 
34.5
%
Third quarter
1,961.5

 
1,473.5

 
33.1
%
Fourth quarter
1,924.2

 
1,435.7

 
34.0
%
Total year
$
7,348.8

 
5,788.0

 
27.0
%

Gross profit

Gross profit for 2013 was $1,920.8 million (26.1% of net sales), an increase of $430.8 million or 28.9%, compared to gross profit of $1,490.1 million (25.7% of net sales) for 2012. The increase in gross profit dollars was primarily attributable to higher sales volume of approximately $427 million that is predominately attributable to the acquisitions, operations productivity of approximately $82 million and the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $45 million, partially offset by higher input costs of approximately $59 million, inventory step-up related to the Marazzi acquisition of approximately $31 million and higher restructuring, acquisition and integration-related costs of approximately $34 million.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses for 2013 were $1,373.9 million (18.7% of net sales), compared to $1,110.6 million (19.2% of net sales) for 2012. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased as a percentage of net sales compared to the prior year primarily due to increased sales volume. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses in dollars was primarily attributable to acquisition volume and the related restructuring and integration-related costs, partially offset by lower amortization costs.

Operating income

Operating income for 2013 was $546.9 million (7.4% of net sales) reflecting an increase of $167.4 million, or 44.1%, compared to operating income of $379.5 million (6.6% of net sales) for 2012. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to higher sales volume of approximately $208 million that is predominately attributable to the Marazzi, Pergo and Spano acquisitions, increases in operations productivity of approximately $82 million, the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $45 million and lower amortization expense of approximately $34 million, partially offset by higher restructuring, acquisition and integration-related costs of approximately $93 million, inventory step-up related to the Marazzi acquisition of approximately $31 million and higher input costs of approximately $59 million.



21


Carpet Segment—Operating income was $209.0 million (7.0% of segment net sales) for 2013 reflecting an increase of $50.8 million, or 32.1%, compared to operating income of $158.2 million (5.4% of segment net sales) for 2012. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to operations productivity of approximately $38 million, the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $33 million, and higher sales volume of approximately $9 million, partially offset by higher input costs of approximately $29 million.

Ceramic Segment—Operating income was $209.8 million (7.8% of segment net sales) for 2013 reflecting an increase of $88.9 million, or 73.5%, compared to operating income of $121.0 million (7.5% of segment net sales) for 2012. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to volume increases of approximately $161 million that were predominately driven by the Marazzi acquisition, the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $21 million and operations productivity of approximately $15 million, partially offset by higher restructuring and integration-related costs of approximately $37 million, inventory step-up related to the Marazzi acquisition of approximately $31 million, increases in selling, general and administrative costs of approximately $17 million primarily attributable to sales volume increases and market expansion opportunities in the legacy business and higher input costs of approximately $15 million.

Laminate and Wood Segment—Operating income was $159.4 million (8.9% of segment net sales) for 2013 reflecting an increase of $33.0 million, or 26.1%, compared to operating income of $126.4 million (9.4% of segment net sales) for 2012. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to higher sales volume of approximately $40 million predominately driven by the Pergo and Spano acquisitions, lower amortization expense of approximately $34 million, increases in operations productivity of approximately $30 million, partially offset by higher restructuring and integration-related costs of approximately $53 million and higher input costs of approximately $15 million.

Interest expense

Interest expense was $92.2 million for 2013, reflecting an increase of $17.5 million compared to interest expense of $74.7 million for 2012. The increase in interest expense was primarily attributable to increased borrowings related to the three acquisitions, partially offset by lower interest rates on the Company's outstanding debt attributable to the shift from the higher interest rate senior 7.20% notes to the 2011 Senior Credit Facility and the positive effect of the ratings upgrades on interest associated with the 6.125% notes.

Other expense

Other expense was $9.1 million for 2013, reflecting a change of $8.8 million compared to other expense of $0.3 million for 2012. The change was primarily attributable to net change in foreign currency gains/losses.

Income tax expense

For 2013, the Company recorded income tax expense of $78.4 million on earnings from continuing operations before income taxes of $445.6 million for an effective tax rate of 17.6%, as compared to an income tax expense of $53.6 million on earnings from continuing operations before income taxes of $304.5 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 17.6% for 2012.

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit

For 2013, the Company recorded a loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit of $17.9 million as discussed in Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Year Ended December 31, 2012, as Compared with Year Ended December 31, 2011
Net sales

Net sales for 2012 were $5,788.0 million, reflecting an increase of $145.7 million, or 2.6%, from the $5,642.3 million reported for 2011. The increase was primarily driven by the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $146 million and higher volume of approximately $92 million, partially offset by the net impact of unfavorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $92 million.

Carpet Segment-Net sales decreased $15.6 million, or 0.5%, to $2,912.1 million for 2012, compared to $2,927.7 million for 2011. The decrease was primarily driven by lower volume of approximately $142 million, which was partially offset by the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $126 million. The volume decreases were primarily


22


attributable to the timing of carpet product transitions in the home center channel and lower demand for rug products in the retail channel.

Ceramic Segment-Net sales increased $162.1 million, or 11.1%, to $1,616.4 million for 2012, compared to $1,454.3 million for 2011. The increase was primarily driven by volume increases of approximately $157 million and the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $11 million, partially offset by the net impact of unfavorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $6 million. The volume increases were primarily attributable to improvement in the U.S. commercial and residential channels and growth in the Mexican market.

Laminate and Wood Segment-Net sales increased $5.5 million, or 0.4%, to $1,350.3 million for 2012, compared to $1,344.8 million for 2011. The increase was primarily driven by volume increases of approximately $84 million and the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $8 million, partially offset by the impact of unfavorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $86 million. The volume increases were primarily attributable to flooring products primarily in Russia, Australia and North America, as well as increases in wood panel and insulation products.
Quarterly net sales and the percentage changes in net sales by quarter for 2012 versus 2011 were as follows (dollars in millions):
 
2012
 
2011
 
Change
First quarter
$
1,409.0

 
1,343.6

 
4.9
 %
Second quarter
1,469.8

 
1,477.9

 
(0.5
)%
Third quarter
1,473.5

 
1,442.5

 
2.1
 %
Fourth quarter
1,435.7

 
1,378.3

 
4.2
 %
Total year
$
5,788.0

 
5,642.3

 
2.6
 %
Gross profit

Gross profit for 2012 was $1,490.1 million (25.7% of net sales), an increase of $73.2 million or 5.2%, compared to gross profit of $1,416.9 million (25.1% of net sales) for 2011. The increase in gross profit dollars was primarily attributable to the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $62 million, operations productivity of approximately $52 million and higher sales volume of approximately $22 million, partially offset by higher input costs of approximately $42 million and the impact of unfavorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $19 million.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses for 2012 were $1,110.6 million (19.2% of net sales), compared to $1,101.3 million (19.5% of net sales) for 2011. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased as a percentage of net sales compared to the prior year primarily due to increased sales volume. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses in dollars was primarily driven by increases in costs to support new product introductions and geographic expansion of approximately $31 million, partially offset by favorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $15 million and lower amortization costs of approximately $9 million.

Operating income

Operating income for 2012 was $379.5 million (6.6% of net sales) reflecting an increase of $64.0 million, or 20.3%, compared to operating income of $315.5 million (5.6% of net sales) for 2011. The increase in operating income was primarily driven by the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $62 million, operations productivity of approximately $52 million and sales volume increases of approximately $22 million, partially offset by higher input costs of approximately $42 million and increases in selling costs to support new product introductions, geographic expansion and higher sales volume of approximately $31 million.

Carpet Segment-Operating income was $158.2 million (5.4% of segment net sales) for 2012 reflecting an increase of $48.3 million compared to operating income of $109.9 million (3.8% of segment net sales) for 2011. The increase in operating income was primarily driven by the favorable net impact of price and product mix of approximately $67 million, higher operations productivity of approximately $18 million and lower restructuring costs of approximately $15 million, partially offset by lower sales volume of approximately $36 million and higher input costs of approximately $18 million.

Ceramic Segment-Operating income was $121.0 million (7.5% of segment net sales) for 2012 reflecting an increase of $19.7 million compared to operating income of $101.3 million (7.0% of segment net sales) for 2011. The increase in operating


23


income was primarily driven by sales volume increases of approximately $42 million and favorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $6 million, partially offset by increases in selling costs to support new product introductions and higher sales volume of approximately $16 million, manufacturing start-up and restructuring costs of approximately $9 million and higher input costs of approximately $7 million.

Laminate and Wood Segment-Operating income was $126.4 million (9.4% of segment net sales) for 2012 reflecting a decrease of $0.7 million compared to operating income of $127.1 million (9.5% of segment net sales) for 2011. The decrease in operating income was primarily driven by higher input costs of approximately $18 million, increases in costs to support new product introductions and geographic expansion of approximately $11 million and unfavorable foreign exchange rates of approximately $10 million, partially offset by operations productivity of approximately $25 million and sales volume increases of approximately $15 million.

Interest expense

Interest expense was $74.7 million for 2012, reflecting a decrease of $26.9 million compared to interest expense of $101.6 million for 2011. The decrease in interest expense in 2012 was due to lower outstanding debt and lower interest rates on that outstanding debt. The lower interest rates were primarily attributable to the shift from higher interest rate senior notes to the 2011 Senior Credit Facility and the rating agency upgrades discussed in "Liquidity and Capital Resources".

Other expense

Other expense was $0.3 million for 2012, reflecting a change of $13.7 million compared to other expense of $14.1 million for 2011. The change was primarily attributable to net foreign currency losses of approximately $16 million. The unrealized foreign currency losses in the prior year were primarily a result of volatility in the Mexican Peso and Canadian Dollar that occurred late in the third quarter of 2011. Prior to the second quarter of 2012, operations carried out in Mexico used the U.S. Dollar as the functional currency. Effective April 1, 2012, the Company changed the functional currency of its Mexico operations to the Mexican Peso. See Note 1(m) of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Income tax expense

For 2012, the Company recorded income tax expense of $53.6 million on earnings before income taxes of $304.5 million for an effective tax rate of 17.6%, as compared to an income tax expense of $21.7 million on earnings before income taxes of $199.9 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 10.8% for 2011. The difference in the effective tax rate for the comparative period is primarily due to the geographical dispersion of earnings and losses, a favorable IRS audit settlement in 2011, and the expiration of statutes of limitations for both Federal and State tax purposes.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
    
The Company’s primary capital requirements are for working capital, capital expenditures and acquisitions. The Company’s capital needs are met primarily through a combination of internally generated funds, bank credit lines and credit terms from suppliers.

Cash flows provided by operating activities for 2013 were $525.2 million compared to $587.6 million provided by operating activities for 2012. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities for 2013 as compared to 2012 is primarily attributable to changes in working capital needs resulting from the acquisitions, partially offset by higher earnings.

Net cash used in investing activities for 2013 was $810.0 million compared to $215.3 million for 2012. The increase in investing activities primarily relates to the 2013 acquisitions and to a lesser extent, capital expenditures.

Net cash used in financing activities for 2013 was $106.8 million compared to $216.8 million for 2012. The change in cash used in financing activities as compared to 2012 is primarily attributable to the purchase of the non-controlling interest within the Ceramic segment for approximately $35.0 million in 2012 and higher proceeds from stock transactions in 2013.

On July 8, 2011, the Company entered into a $900.0 million, 5-year, senior, secured revolving credit facility (the "2011 Senior Credit Facility"). On January 20, 2012, the Company entered into an amendment to the 2011 Senior Credit Facility that provided for an incremental term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $150.0 million. On September 25, 2013, the Company entered into a $1,000.0 million, 5-year, senior revolving credit facility (the "2013 Senior Credit Facility") and terminated the 2011 Senior Credit Facility, including the term loan, which was originally set to mature on July 8, 2016. No early termination penalties were incurred as a result of the termination.


24



The 2011 Senior Credit Facility provided for a maximum of $900.0 million of revolving credit, including limited amounts of credit in the form of letters of credit and swingline loans. The Company paid financing costs of $8.3 million in connection with its 2011 Senior Credit Facility. These costs were deferred and, along with unamortized costs of $12.3 million related to the Company’s prior senior, secured revolving credit facility, were being amortized over the term of the 2011 Senior Credit Facility.

On January 20, 2012, the Company entered into an amendment to the 2011 Senior Credit Facility that provided for an incremental term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $150.0 million. The Company paid financing costs of $1.0 million in connection with the amendment to its 2011 Senior Credit Facility. These costs were deferred and were being amortized over the remaining term of the 2011 Senior Credit Facility. The incremental term loan facility provided for eight scheduled quarterly principal payments of $1.9 million, with the first such payment due on June 30, 2012, followed by four scheduled quarterly principal payments of $3.8 million, with remaining quarterly principal payments of $5.6 million prior to maturity.

At the Company’s election, revolving loans under the 2011 Senior Credit Facility bore interest at annual rates equal to either (a) LIBOR for 1-, 2-, 3- or 6- month periods, as selected by the Company, plus an applicable margin ranging between 1.25% and 2.0%, or (b) the higher of the Bank of America, N.A. prime rate, the Federal Funds rate plus 0.5%, and a monthly LIBOR rate plus 1.0%, plus an applicable margin ranging between 0.25% and 1.0%. The Company also paid a commitment fee to the lenders under the 2011 Senior Credit Facility on the average amount by which the aggregate commitments of the lenders exceeded utilization of the 2011 Senior Credit Facility ranging from 0.25% to 0.4% per annum. The applicable margin and the commitment fee were determined based on the Company’s Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio (with applicable margins and the commitment fee increasing as the ratio increased).

All obligations of the Company and the other borrowers under the 2011 Senior Credit Facility were required to be guaranteed by all of the Company’s material domestic subsidiaries, and all obligations of borrowers that were foreign subsidiaries were guaranteed by those foreign subsidiaries of the Company which the Company designated as guarantors.

The 2011 Senior Credit Facility included certain affirmative and negative covenants that imposed restrictions on the Company’s financial and business operations, including limitations on liens, indebtedness, investments, fundamental changes, asset dispositions, dividends and other similar restricted payments, transactions with affiliates, payments and modifications of certain existing debt, future negative pledges, and changes in the nature of the Company’s business. Many of these limitations were subject to numerous exceptions. The Company was also required to maintain a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio of at least 3.0 to 1.0 and a Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio of no more than 3.75 to 1.0, each as of the last day of any fiscal quarter, as defined in the 2011 Senior Credit Facility. The 2011 Senior Credit Facility also contained customary representations and warranties and events of default, subject to customary grace periods.

The 2013 Senior Credit Facility provides for a maximum of $1,000.0 million of revolving credit, including limited amounts of credit in the form of letters of credit and swingline loans. The Company paid financing costs of $1.8 million in connection with its 2013 Senior Credit Facility. These costs were deferred and, along with unamortized costs of $11.4 million related to the Company’s 2011 Credit Facility, are being amortized over the term of the 2013 Senior Credit Facility.

At the Company's election, revolving loans under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility bear interest at annual rates equal to either (a) LIBOR for 1, 2, 3 or 6 month periods, as selected by the Company, plus an applicable margin ranging between 1.00% and 1.75%, or (b) the higher of the Wells Fargo Bank, National Association prime rate, the Federal Funds rate plus 0.5%, and a monthly LIBOR rate plus 1.0%, plus an applicable margin ranging between 0.00% and 0.75%. The Company also pays a commitment fee to the Lenders under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility on the average amount by which the aggregate commitments of the Lenders' exceed utilization of the 2013 Senior Credit Facility ranging from 0.125% to 0.25% per annum. The applicable margins and the commitment fee are determined based on whichever of the Company's Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio or its senior unsecured debt rating (or if not available, corporate family rating) results in the lower applicable margins and commitment fee (with applicable margins and the commitment fee increasing as that ratio increases or those ratings decline, as applicable).

The obligations of the Company and its subsidiaries in respect of the 2013 Senior Credit Facility are unsecured.

All obligations of the Company and the other Borrowers under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility are required to be guaranteed by all of the Company's material domestic subsidiaries and all obligations of Borrowers that are foreign subsidiaries are guaranteed by those foreign subsidiaries of the Company which the Company designates as guarantors.



25


If at any time (a) either (i) the Company's corporate family rating or senior unsecured rating, whichever is in effect from Moody's Investors Service, Inc. (the “Moody's Rating”) is Baa3 or better (with a stable outlook or better) and the Company's corporate rating from Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (the “S&P Rating”) is BB+ or better (with a stable outlook or better) or (ii) the Moody's Rating is Ba1 or better (with a stable outlook or better) and the S&P Rating is BBB- or better (with a stable outlook or better) and (b) no default or event of default shall have occurred and be continuing, then upon the Company's request, the foregoing guarantees will be automatically released. The Company is required to reinstate such guarantees after having been released if: (a) both (i) the Moody's Rating is Ba2 and (ii) the S&P Rating is BB, (b) (i) the Moody's Rating is Ba3 or lower and (ii) the S&P Rating is below BBB- (with a stable outlook or better) or (c) (i) the Moody's Rating is below Baa3 (with a stable outlook or better) and (ii) the S&P Rating is BB- or lower.

The 2013 Senior Credit Facility includes certain affirmative and negative covenants that impose restrictions on the Company's financial and business operations, including limitations on liens, indebtedness, investments, fundamental changes, asset dispositions, dividends and other similar restricted payments, transactions with affiliates, payments and modifications of certain existing debt, future negative pledges, and changes in the nature of the Company's business. Many of these limitations are subject to numerous exceptions. The Company is also required to maintain a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio of at least 3.0 to 1.0 and a Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio of no more than 3.75 to 1.0, each as of the last day of any fiscal quarter.

The 2013 Senior Credit Facility also contains customary representations and warranties and events of default, subject to customary grace periods.

The 2013 Senior Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on September 25, 2018. However, the maturity date will accelerate, resulting in the acceleration of any unamortized deferred financing costs, to October 16, 2015, if on that date any of the Company's 6.125% notes due January 15, 2016 remains outstanding and the Company has not delivered to the Administrative Agent a certificate demonstrating that, after giving pro forma effect to the repayment in cash in full on that date of all of the 6.125% notes that remain outstanding, the amount the Company would be permitted to draw under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility, together with the aggregate consolidated amount of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the Company, would exceed $200.0 million.  While there can be no assurance, the Company currently believes that if any of the 6.125% notes remains outstanding on October 16, 2015, the amount the Company would be permitted to draw under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility, together with the aggregate consolidated amount of the Company’s unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, would exceed $200.0 million on October 16, 2015.

As of December 31, 2013, the amount utilized under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility was $458.5 million resulting in a total of $541.5 million available under the 2013 Senior Credit Facility. The amount utilized included $364.0 million of borrowings, $46.8 million of standby letters of credit guaranteeing the Company’s industrial revenue bonds and $47.7 million of standby letters of credit related to various insurance contracts and foreign vendor commitments.

On December 19, 2012, the Company entered into a three-year on-balance sheet trade accounts receivable securitization agreement (the "Securitization Facility"). The Securitization Facility allows the Company to borrow up to $300.0 million based on available accounts receivable and is secured by the Company's U.S. trade accounts receivable. Borrowings under the Securitization Facility bear interest at commercial paper interest rates, in the case of lenders that are commercial paper conduits, or LIBOR, in the case of lenders that are not commercial paper conduits, in each case, plus an applicable margin of 0.75% per annum. The Company also pays a commitment fee at a per annum rate of 0.30% on the unused amount of each lender's commitment. At December 31, 2013, the amount utilized under the Securitization Facility was $300.0 million.

In connection with the acquisition of Marazzi, the Company became a party to an off-balance sheet accounts receivable securitization facility ("Marazzi Securitization Facility") pursuant to which the Company services receivables sold to a third party. As of December 31, 2013, the amounts utilized under the Marazzi Securitization Facility was €15.4 million. The Company is in the process of terminating this facility.

On January 31, 2013, the Company issued $600.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.85% Senior Notes due February 1, 2023. The Company paid financing costs of $6.0 million in connection with the 3.85% Senior Notes. These costs were deferred and are being amortized over the term of the 3.85% Senior Notes.

On January 17, 2006, the Company issued $900.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.125% notes due January 15, 2016. Interest payable on these notes is subject to adjustment if either Moody’s or S&P, or both, upgrades or downgrades the rating assigned to the notes. Each rating agency downgrade results in a 0.25% increase in the interest rate, subject to a maximum increase of 1% per rating agency. If later the rating of these notes improves, then the interest rates would be reduced accordingly. Each 0.25% increase in the interest rate of these notes would increase the Company’s interest expense by approximately $0.1 million per quarter per $100.0 million of outstanding notes. In 2009, interest rates increased by an


26


aggregate amount of 75 basis points as a result of downgrades by Moody’s and S&P. In the first quarter of 2012, interest rates decreased by 50 basis points as a result of the upgrades from S&P and Moody’s. In the first quarter of 2013, interest rates decreased by an additional 25 basis points as a result of an upgrade by Moody's. Accordingly, the current rate in effect is 6.125%. Any future downgrades in the Company’s credit ratings could increase the cost of its existing credit and adversely affect the cost of and ability to obtain additional credit in the future.

In 2002, the Company issued $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of its senior 7.20% notes due April 15, 2012. During 2011, the Company repurchased $63.7 million of its senior 7.20% notes, at an average price equal to 102.72% of the principal amount. On April 16, 2012, the Company repaid the remaining $336.3 million principal amount of outstanding senior 7.20% notes, together with accrued interest of $12.1 million, at maturity using available borrowings under its 2011 Senior Credit Facility.

The Company may continue, from time to time, to retire its outstanding debt through cash purchases in the open market, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Such repurchases, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, the Company’s liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors. The amount involved may be material.

As of December 31, 2013, the Company had cash of $54.1 million, of which $31.3 million was held outside the United States. While the Company’s plans are to permanently reinvest the cash held outside the United States, the estimated cost of repatriation for the cash as of December 31, 2013 was approximately $10.9 million. The Company believes that its cash and cash equivalents on hand, cash generated from operations and availability under its Senior Credit Facility will be sufficient to meet its capital expenditure, working capital and debt servicing requirements over the next twelve months.

The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to 15 million shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock. Since the inception of the program in 1999, a total of approximately 11.5 million shares have been repurchased at an aggregate cost of approximately $335.2 million. All of these repurchases have been financed through the Company’s operations and banking arrangements. For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company repurchased approximately 1 thousand shares at an average price of $123.16 per share in connection withe the exercise of stock options under the Company's 2012 Incentive Plan. No shares were repurchased during 2012.

Contractual obligations
The following is a summary of the Company’s future minimum payments under contractual obligations as of December 31, 2013 (in millions):
 
 
Total
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
Thereafter
Recorded Contractual Obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, including current maturities and capital leases
$
2,260.0

 
127.2

 
301.1

 
900.9

 
1.1

 
325.8

 
603.9

Unrecorded Contractual Obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest payments on long-term debt and capital leases (1)
284.6

 
87.1

 
87.0

 
31.3

 
28.9

 
27.1

 
23.2

Operating leases
313.3

 
96.7

 
78.3

 
50.4

 
35.2

 
21.6

 
31.1

Purchase commitments (2)
239.4

 
113.7

 
33.4

 
32.3

 
30.0

 
30.0

 

Expected pension contributions (3)
2.2

 
2.2

 

 

 

 

 

Uncertain tax positions (4)
0.5

 
0.5

 

 

 

 

 

Guarantees
6.4

 
6.4

 

 

 

 

 

 
846.4

 
306.6

 
198.7

 
114.0

 
94.1

 
78.7

 
54.3

Total
$
3,106.4

 
433.8

 
499.8

 
1,014.9

 
95.2

 
404.5

 
658.2

 


27



(1)
For fixed rate debt, the Company calculated interest based on the applicable rates and payment dates. For variable rate debt, the Company estimated average outstanding balances for the respective periods and applied interest rates in effect as of December 31, 2013 to these balances.
(2)
Includes commitments for natural gas, electricity and raw material purchases.
(3)
Includes the estimated pension contributions for 2014 only, as the Company is unable to estimate the pension contributions beyond 2014. The Company’s projected benefit obligation and plan assets as of December 31, 2013 were $39.7 million and $34.7 million, respectively. The projected benefit obligation liability has not been presented in the table above due to uncertainty as to amounts and timing regarding future payments.
(4)
Excludes $35.9 million of non-current accrued income tax liabilities and related interest and penalties for uncertain tax positions. These liabilities have not been presented in the table above due to uncertainty as to amounts and timing regarding future payments.

Critical Accounting Policies
In preparing the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, the Company must make decisions which impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures. Such decisions include the selection of appropriate accounting principles to be applied and the assumptions on which to base accounting estimates. In reaching such decisions, the Company applies judgment based on its understanding and analysis of the relevant circumstances and historical experience. Actual amounts could differ from those estimated at the time the consolidated financial statements are prepared.
The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this report. Some of those significant accounting policies require the Company to make subjective or complex judgments or estimates. Critical accounting policies are defined as those that are both most important to the portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results and require management’s most difficult, subjective, or complex judgment, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods.
The Company believes the following accounting policies require it to use judgments and estimates in preparing its consolidated financial statements and represent critical accounting policies.
Accounts receivable and revenue recognition. Revenues are recognized when there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, delivery has occurred, the price has been fixed or is determinable, and collectability can be reasonably assured. The Company provides allowances for expected cash discounts, sales allowances, returns, claims and doubtful accounts based upon historical bad debt and claims experience and periodic evaluation of specific customer accounts and the aging of accounts receivable. If the financial condition of the Company’s customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required. A 10% change in the Company’s allowance for discounts, returns, claims and doubtful accounts would have affected net earnings by approximately $5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market (net realizable value). Cost has been determined using the first-in first-out method (“FIFO”). Costs included in inventory include raw materials, direct and indirect labor and employee benefits, depreciation, general manufacturing overhead and various other costs of manufacturing. Market, with respect to all inventories, is replacement cost or net realizable value. Inventories on hand are compared against anticipated future usage, which is a function of historical usage, anticipated future selling price, expected sales below cost, excessive quantities and an evaluation for obsolescence. Actual results could differ from assumptions used to value obsolete inventory, excessive inventory or inventory expected to be sold below cost and additional reserves may be required. A 10% change in the Company’s reserve for excess or obsolete inventory would have affected net earnings by approximately $8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Goodwill and other intangibles. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment during the fourth quarter or earlier upon the occurrence of certain events or substantive changes in circumstances. The Company considers the relationship between its market capitalization and its book value, among other factors, when reviewing for indicators of impairment. The goodwill impairment tests are based on determining the fair value of the specified reporting units based on management judgments and assumptions using the discounted cash flows and comparable company market valuation approaches. The Company has identified Carpet, Ceramic, Laminate and Wood Flooring, Laminate and Wood Chipboard and Melamine, and Laminate and Wood Roofing as its reporting units for the purposes of allocating goodwill and intangibles as well as assessing impairments. The valuation approaches are subject to key judgments and assumptions that are sensitive to change such as judgments and assumptions about appropriate sales growth rates, operating margins, weighted average cost of capital (“WACC”), and comparable company market multiples. When


28


developing these key judgments and assumptions, the Company considers economic, operational and market conditions that could impact the fair value of the reporting unit. However, estimates are inherently uncertain and represent only management’s reasonable expectations regarding future developments. These estimates and the judgments and assumptions upon which the estimates are based will, in all likelihood, differ in some respects from actual future results. Should a significant or prolonged deterioration in economic conditions occur, such as declines in spending for new construction, remodeling and replacement activities; the inability to pass increases in the costs of raw materials and fuel on to customers; or a decline in comparable company market multiples, then key judgments and assumptions could be impacted. Generally, a decline in estimated after tax cash flows of more than 25% or a more than 10% increase in WACC or a significant or prolonged decline in market capitalization could result in an additional indication of impairment.
The impairment test for intangible assets not subject to amortization involves a comparison of the estimated fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying value. If the carrying value of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. Significant judgments inherent in this analysis include assumptions about appropriate sales growth rates, royalty rates, WACC and the amount of expected future cash flows. These judgments and assumptions are subject to the variability discussed above.
The impairment evaluation for indefinite lived intangible assets, which for the Company are its trademarks, is conducted during the fourth quarter of each year, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. The determination of fair value used in the impairment evaluation is based on discounted estimates of future sales projections attributable to ownership of the trademarks. Significant judgments inherent in this analysis include assumptions about appropriate sales growth rates, royalty rates, WACC and the amount of expected future cash flows. The judgments and assumptions used in the estimate of fair value are generally consistent with past performance and are also consistent with the projections and assumptions that are used in operating plans. Such assumptions are subject to change as a result of changing economic and competitive conditions. The determination of fair value is highly sensitive to differences between estimated and actual cash flows and changes in the related discount rate used to evaluate the fair value of the trademarks. Estimated cash flows are sensitive to changes in the economy among other things.
The Company reviews its long-lived asset groups, which include intangible assets subject to amortization, which for the Company are its patents and customer relationships, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such asset groups may not be recoverable. Recoverability of asset groups to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of long-lived assets to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by these asset groups. If such asset groups are considered to be impaired, the impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset group exceeds the fair value of the asset group. Assets held for sale are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less estimated costs of disposal and are no longer depreciated.
The Company conducted its annual assessment of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles in the fourth quarter and no impairment was indicated for 2013.
Income taxes. The Company’s effective tax rate is based on its income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the jurisdictions in which it operates. Tax laws are complex and subject to different interpretations by the taxpayer and respective governmental taxing authorities. Significant judgment is required in determining the Company’s tax expense and in evaluating the Company’s tax positions. Deferred tax assets represent amounts available to reduce income taxes payable on taxable income in a future period. The Company evaluates the recoverability of these future tax benefits by assessing the adequacy of future expected taxable income from all sources, including reversal of taxable temporary differences, forecasted operating earnings and available tax planning strategies. These sources of income inherently rely on estimates, including business forecasts and other projections of financial results over an extended period of time. In the event that the Company is not able to realize all or a portion of its deferred tax assets in the future, a valuation allowance is provided. The Company would recognize such amounts through a charge to income in the period in which that determination is made or when tax law changes are enacted. The Company had valuation allowances of $375.9 million in 2013, $321.6 million in 2012 and $334.2 million in 2011. For further information regarding the Company’s valuation allowances, see Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements.
In the ordinary course of business there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying the Company’s income tax positions. The Company assesses its income tax positions and records tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon the Company’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available as of the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, the Company has recorded the


29


largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information, as required by the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic ("ASC") 740-10. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2013, the Company has $56.5 million accrued for uncertain tax positions. For further information regarding the Company’s uncertain tax positions, see Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements.
Environmental and legal accruals. Environmental and legal accruals are estimates based on judgments made by the Company relating to ongoing environmental and legal proceedings, as disclosed in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. In determining whether a liability is probable and reasonably estimable, the Company consults with its internal experts. The Company believes that the amounts recorded in the accompanying financial statements are based on the best estimates and judgments available to it.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
We have reviewed recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they are either not applicable to our business or that no material effect is expected as a result of future adoption.

Impact of Inflation

Inflation affects the Company’s manufacturing costs, distribution costs and operating expenses. The Company expects raw material prices, many of which are petroleum based, to fluctuate based upon worldwide supply and demand of commodities utilized in the Company’s production processes. Although the Company attempts to pass on increases in raw material, energy and fuel-related costs to its customers, the Company’s ability to do so is dependent upon the rate and magnitude of any increase, competitive pressures and market conditions for the Company’s products. There have been in the past, and may be in the future, periods of time during which increases in these costs cannot be fully recovered. In the past, the Company has often been able to enhance productivity and develop new product innovations to help offset increases in costs resulting from inflation in its operations.
Seasonality

The Company is a calendar year-end company. With respect to its Carpet and Ceramic segments, its results of operations for the first quarter tend to be the weakest followed by the fourth quarter. The second and third quarters typically produce higher net sales and operating income in these segments. These results are primarily due to consumer residential spending patterns which have historically decreased during the holiday season and the first two months following. The Laminate and Wood segment’s second quarter typically produces the highest net sales and earnings followed by a moderate third and fourth quarter and a weaker first quarter.

Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
The Company’s market risk is impacted by changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and certain commodity prices. Financial exposures to these risks are monitored as an integral part of the Company’s risk management program, which seeks to reduce the potentially adverse effect that the volatility of these markets may have on its operating results. From time to time, the Company enters into derivative contracts to manage these risks. The Company does not regularly engage in speculative transactions, nor does it regularly hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes. The Company did not have any derivative contracts outstanding as of December 31, 2013 and 2012. As of December 31, 2013, approximately 66% of the Company’s debt portfolio was comprised of fixed-rate debt and 34% was floating-rate debt. A 1.0 percentage point change in the interest rate of the floating-rate debt would not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.



30



Item 8.
Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 



31



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Mohawk Industries, Inc.:
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Mohawk Industries, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2013. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Mohawk Industries, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2013, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Mohawk Industries, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated February 28, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/ KPMG LLP
Atlanta, Georgia
February 28, 2014



32


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Mohawk Industries, Inc.:
We have audited Mohawk Industries, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Mohawk Industries, Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, as set forth in Item 9A. of Mohawk Industries, Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, Mohawk Industries, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
On January 10, 2013, April 3, 2013 and May 3, 2013, the Company completed the acquisitions of Pergo, Marazzi and Spano, respectively. As a result, the Company's management excluded the Pergo, Marazzi and Spano businesses from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013. Pergo, Marazzi and Spano represent 29.9% of the Company's total assets (excluding goodwill and identifiable intangible assets of 23.4%); and 17.6% of the Company's net sales of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2013, respectively. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of Mohawk Industries, Inc. also excluded an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Pergo, Marazzi and Spano.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Mohawk Industries, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2013, and our report dated February 28, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
 
/s/ KPMG LLP
Atlanta, Georgia
February 28, 2014


33


MOHAWK INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 31, 2013 and 2012
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
54,066

 
477,672

Receivables, net
1,062,875

 
679,473

Inventories
1,572,325

 
1,133,736

Prepaid expenses
204,034

 
138,117

Deferred income taxes
147,534

 
111,585

Other current assets
44,884

 
9,463

Total current assets
3,085,718

 
2,550,046

Property, plant and equipment, net
2,701,743

 
1,692,852

Goodwill
1,736,092

 
1,385,771

Tradenames
700,592

 
455,503

Other intangible assets, net
111,010

 
98,296

Deferred income taxes and other non-current assets
159,022

 
121,216

 
$
8,494,177

 
6,303,684

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
127,218

 
55,213

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,193,593

 
773,436

Total current liabilities
1,320,811

 
828,649

Deferred income taxes
445,823

 
329,810

Long-term debt, less current portion
2,132,790

 
1,327,729

Other long-term liabilities
124,447

 
97,879

Total liabilities
4,023,871

 
2,584,067

Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 60 shares authorized; no shares issued

 

Common stock, $.01 par value; 150,000 shares authorized; 80,841 and 80,185 shares issued in 2013 and 2012, respectively
808

 
802

Additional paid-in capital
1,566,985

 
1,277,521

Retained earnings
2,953,809

 
2,605,023

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net
178,689

 
159,733

 
4,700,291

 
4,043,079

Less treasury stock at cost; 8,155 and 11,032 shares in 2013 and 2012, respectively
239,234

 
323,462

Total Mohawk Industries, Inc. stockholders’ equity
4,461,057

 
3,719,617

Noncontrolling interest
9,249

 

Total stockholders' equity
4,470,306

 
3,719,617

 
$
8,494,177

 
6,303,684

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


34


MOHAWK INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
Years Ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Net sales
$
7,348,754

 
5,787,980

 
5,642,258

Cost of sales
5,427,945

 
4,297,922

 
4,225,379

Gross profit
1,920,809

 
1,490,058

 
1,416,879

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,373,878

 
1,110,550

 
1,101,337

Operating income
546,931

 
379,508

 
315,542

Interest expense
92,246

 
74,713

 
101,617

Other expense
9,114

 
303

 
14,051

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
445,571

 
304,492

 
199,874

Income tax expense
78,385

 
53,599

 
21,649

Earnings from continuing operations
367,186

 
250,893

 
178,225

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit of $1,050
(17,895
)
 

 

Net earnings including noncontrolling interest
349,291

 
250,893

 
178,225

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest
505

 
635

 
4,303

Net earnings attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
348,786

 
250,258

 
173,922

 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
5.11

 
3.63

 
2.53

Loss from discontinued operations
(0.25
)
 

 

Basic earnings per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
4.86

 
3.63

 
2.53

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—basic
71,773

 
68,988

 
68,736

 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
 
 
 
 


Income from continuing operations
$
5.07

 
3.61

 
2.52

Loss from discontinued operations
(0.25
)
 

 

Diluted earnings per share attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
$
4.82

 
3.61

 
2.52

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted
72,301

 
69,306

 
68,964


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


35


MOHAWK INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Years Ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
(in thousands)
Net earnings including noncontrolling interest
 
$
349,291

 
250,893

 
178,225

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
18,185

 
25,685

 
(42,006
)
Pension prior service cost and actuarial (loss) gain
 
771

 
(1,591
)
 
(452
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
18,956

 
24,094

 
(42,458
)
Comprehensive income
 
368,247

 
274,987

 
135,767

Comprehensive income attributable to the non-controlling interest
 
505

 
635

 
4,303

Comprehensive income attributable to Mohawk Industries, Inc.
 
$
367,742

 
274,352

 
131,464

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.



36


MOHAWK INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
Years Ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
 
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
 
Treasury Stock
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Balances at December 31, 2010
$
35,441

 
79,666

 
$
797

 
$
1,235,445

 
$
2,180,843

 
$
178,097

 
(11,037
)
 
$
(323,626
)
 
$

 
$
3,271,556

Shares issued under employee and director stock plans

 
149

 
1

 
2,543

 

 

 
3

 
78

 

 
2,622

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
10,159

 

 

 

 

 

 
10,159

Tax deficit from stock-based compensation

 

 

 
(16
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(16
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interest, net of adjustments
(4,764
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retained distribution noncontrolling interest
(1,257
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling earnings
4,303

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 
(42,006
)
 

 

 

 
(42,006
)
Pension prior service cost and actuarial gain or loss

 

 

 

 

 
(452
)
 

 

 

 
(452
)
Net income

 

 

 

 
173,922

 

 

 

 

 
173,922

Balances at December 31, 2011
33,723

 
79,815

 
798

 
1,248,131

 
2,354,765

 
135,639

 
(11,034
)
 
(323,548
)
 

 
3,415,785

Shares issued under employee and director stock plans

 
370

 
4

 
13,467

 

 

 
2

 
86

 

 
13,557

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
14,082

 

 

 

 

 

 
14,082

Tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

 
1,133

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,133

Distribution to noncontrolling interest, net of adjustments
(423
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling earnings
635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of noncontrolling interest
(35,000
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax effect of purchase of noncontrolling interest
1,065

 

 

 
708

 

 

 

 

 

 
708

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 
25,685

 

 

 

 
25,685

Pension prior service cost and actuarial gain or loss

 

 

 

 

 
(1,591
)
 

 

 

 
(1,591
)
Net income

 

 

 

 
250,258

 

 

 

 

 
250,258

Balances at December 31, 2012

 
80,185

 
802

 
1,277,521

 
2,605,023

 
159,733

 
(11,032
)
 
(323,462
)
 

 
3,719,617

Marazzi acquisition

 

 

 
229,631

 

 

 
2,874

 
84,275

 

 
313,906

Shares issued under employee and director stock plans

 
656

 
6

 
37,583

 

 

 
3

 
(47
)
 

 
37,542

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
18,311

 

 

 

 

 

 
18,311

Tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

 
3,939

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,939

Noncontrolling earnings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
505

 
505

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
8,744

 
8,744

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 
18,185

 

 

 

 
18,185

Pension prior service cost and actuarial gain or loss

 

 

 

 

 
771

 

 

 

 
771

Net income

 

 

 

 
348,786

 

 

 

 

 
348,786

Balances as of December 31, 2013
$

 
80,841

 
$
808

 
$
1,566,985

 
$