10-K 1 fl-20170128x10k.htm 10-K FL-2016 10-K Filing Report

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549



  FORM 10-K 



 

 

 

(Mark One) 

   

   

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the fiscal year ended January 28, 2017

  

OR

  

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the transition period from __________ to __________

  

Commission File No. 1-10299

  

FLI_logo2

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)







 

 

New York

 

13-3513936

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

incorporation or organization)

 

 

330 West 34th Street, New York, New York

 

10001

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)



Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 720-3700

   Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:



 

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01

 

New York Stock Exchange



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YesNo   



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  No



Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  No 



Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



 

 

 

 

  

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer  

Non-accelerated filer  

Smaller reporting company  



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  No



 

 

The number of shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of March 20, 2017:

131,233,011 

 



The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant computed by reference to the closing price as of the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, July 30, 2016, was approximately:

$6,029,285,940 

*







 

 

*

  

For purposes of this calculation only (a) all directors plus three executive officers and owners of five percent or more of the Registrant are deemed to be affiliates of the Registrant and (b) shares deemed to be “held” by such persons include only outstanding shares of the Registrant’s voting stock with respect to which such persons had, on such date, voting or investment power.



DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE



Portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement (the “Proxy Statement”) to be filed in connection with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 17, 2017: Parts III and IV.

 

 


 



FOOT LOCKER, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS



 

 

 

PART I

   

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Business

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

Item 2.

 

Properties

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

Item 4A.

 

Executive Officers of the Registrant

10 



 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for the Company’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 

11 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

13 

Item 7.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

35 

Item 8.

 

Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

35 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

73 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

73 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

75 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

75 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

75 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

75 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

75 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

75 

   

PART IV

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

76 



 

SIGNATURES

77 



 

INDEX OF EXHIBITS

78 









 


 

 

PART I



Item 1. Business



General



Foot Locker, Inc., incorporated under the laws of the State of New York in 1989, is a leading global retailer of athletically inspired shoes and apparel, operating 3,363 primarily mall-based stores, as well as stores in high-traffic urban retail areas and high streets, in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand as of January 28, 2017. Foot Locker, Inc. and its subsidiaries hereafter are referred to as the “Registrant,” “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us.” Information regarding the business is contained under the “Business Overview” section in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”



The Company maintains a website on the Internet at www.footlocker-inc.com. The Company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge through this website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with or furnished to the SEC by clicking on the “SEC Filings” link. The Corporate Governance section of the Company’s corporate website contains the Company’s Corporate Governance Guidelines, Committee Charters, and the Company’s Code of Business Conduct for directors, officers and employees, including the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer. Copies of these documents may also be obtained free of charge upon written request to the Company’s Corporate Secretary at 330 West 34th Street, New York, N.Y. 10001.



Information Regarding Business Segments and Geographic Areas



The financial information concerning business segments, divisions, and geographic areas is contained under the “Business Overview” and “Segment Information” sections in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Information regarding sales, operating results, and identifiable assets of the Company by business segment and by geographic area is contained under the Segment Information note in “Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

The service marks, trade names, and trademarks appearing in this report (except for adidas and Nike) are owned by Foot Locker, Inc. or its subsidiaries.



Employees



The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries had 15,761 full-time and 34,407 part-time employees at January 28, 2017. The Company considers employee relations to be satisfactory.



Competition



Financial information concerning competition is contained under the “Business Risk” section in the Financial Instruments and Risk Management note in “Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”



Merchandise Purchases



Financial information concerning merchandise purchases is contained under the “Liquidity” section in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and under the “Business Risk” section in the Financial Instruments and Risk Management note in “Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

1

 


 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors



The statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”) that are not historical facts, including, but not limited to, statements regarding our expected financial position, business and financing plans found in “Item 1. Business” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.



Please also see “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” Our actual results may differ materially due to the risks and uncertainties discussed in this Annual Report, including those discussed below. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know about or that we currently consider to be insignificant may also affect our business operations and financial performance.



Our inability to implement our long-range strategic plan may adversely affect our future results.



Our ability to successfully implement and execute our long-range plan is dependent on many factors. Our strategies may require significant capital investment and management attention. Additionally, any new initiative is subject to certain risks including customer acceptance of our products and renovated store designs, competition, product differentiation, and the ability to attract and retain qualified personnel. If we cannot successfully execute our strategic growth initiatives or if the long-range plan does not adequately address the challenges or opportunities we face, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected. Additionally, failure to meet shareholder expectations, particularly with respect to sales, operating margins, and earnings per share, would likely result in volatility in the market value of our stock.



The retail athletic footwear and apparel business is highly competitive.



Our athletic footwear and apparel operations compete primarily with athletic footwear specialty stores, sporting goods stores, department stores, discount stores, traditional shoe stores, mass merchandisers, and Internet retailers, many of which are units of national or regional chains that have significant financial and marketing resources. The principal competitive factors in our markets are selection of merchandise, customer service, reputation, store location, advertising, and price. We cannot assure that we will continue to be able to compete successfully against existing or future competitors. Our expansion into markets served by our competitors, and entry of new competitors or expansion of existing competitors into our markets, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



Although we sell merchandise via the Internet, a significant shift in customer buying patterns to purchasing athletic footwear, athletic apparel, and sporting goods via the Internet could have a material adverse effect on our business results. In addition, all of our significant suppliers operate retail stores and distribute products directly through the Internet and others may follow. Should this continue to occur, and if our customers decide to purchase directly from our suppliers, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



The industry in which we operate is dependent upon fashion trends, customer preferences, product innovations, and other fashion-related factors.



The athletic footwear and apparel industry is subject to changing fashion trends and customer preferences. In addition, retailers in the athletic industry rely on their suppliers to maintain innovation in the products they develop. We cannot guarantee that our merchandise selection will accurately reflect customer preferences when it is offered for sale or that we will be able to identify and respond quickly to fashion changes, particularly given the long lead times for ordering much of our merchandise from suppliers. A substantial portion of our highest margin sales are to young males (ages 12–25), many of whom we believe purchase athletic footwear and athletic apparel as a fashion statement and are frequent purchasers. Our failure to anticipate, identify or react appropriately in a timely manner to changes in fashion trends that would make athletic footwear or athletic apparel less attractive to our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

2

 


 

 

If we do not successfully manage our inventory levels, our operating results will be adversely affected.



We must maintain sufficient inventory levels to operate our business successfully. However, we also must guard against accumulating excess inventory. For example, we order most of our athletic footwear four to six months prior to delivery to our stores. If we fail to anticipate accurately either the market for the merchandise in our stores or our customers’ purchasing habits, we may be forced to rely on markdowns or promotional sales to dispose of excess or slow moving inventory, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



A change in the relationship with any of our key suppliers or the unavailability of key products at competitive prices could affect our financial health.



Our business is dependent to a significant degree upon our ability to obtain exclusive product and the ability to purchase brand-name merchandise at competitive prices from a limited number of suppliers. In addition, our suppliers provide volume discounts, cooperative advertising, and markdown allowances, as well as the ability to negotiate cancellations and returns of excess or unneeded merchandise. We cannot be certain that such terms with our suppliers will continue in the future.



We purchased approximately 91 percent of our merchandise in 2016 from our top five suppliers and we expect to continue to obtain a significant percentage of our athletic product from these suppliers in future periods. Approximately 68 percent of all merchandise purchased in 2016 was purchased from one supplier — Nike, Inc. (“Nike”). Each of our operating divisions is highly dependent on Nike: they individually purchased 48 to 76 percent of their merchandise from Nike. Merchandise that is high profile and in high demand is allocated by our suppliers based upon their internal criteria. Although we have generally been able to purchase sufficient quantities of this merchandise in the past, we cannot be certain that our suppliers will continue to allocate sufficient amounts of such merchandise to us in the future. Our inability to obtain merchandise in a timely manner from major suppliers as a result of business decisions by our suppliers or any disruption in the supply chain could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Because of the high proportion of purchases from Nike, any adverse development in Nike’s reputation, financial condition or results of operations or the inability of Nike to develop and manufacture products that appeal to our target customers could also have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. We cannot be certain that we will be able to acquire merchandise at competitive prices or on competitive terms in the future. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



We are affected by mall traffic and our ability to secure suitable store locations.



Many of our stores, especially in North America, are located primarily in enclosed regional and neighborhood malls. Our sales are affected, in part, by the volume of mall traffic. Mall traffic may be adversely affected by, among other factors, economic downturns, the closing or continued decline of anchor department stores and/or specialty stores, and a decline in the popularity of mall shopping among our target customers. Further, any terrorist act, natural disaster, public health or safety concern that decreases the level of mall traffic, or that affects our ability to open and operate stores in such locations, could have a material adverse effect on our business.



To take advantage of customer traffic and the shopping preferences of our customers, we need to maintain or acquire stores in desirable locations such as in regional and neighborhood malls anchored by major department stores,  as well as high-traffic urban retail areas and high streets. We cannot be certain that desirable mall locations will continue to be available at favorable rates. Some traditional enclosed malls are experiencing significantly lower levels of customer traffic, driven by economic conditions as well as the closure of certain mall anchor tenants.



Several large landlords dominate the ownership of prime malls, particularly in the United States, Canada, and Australia, and because of our dependence upon these landlords for a substantial number of our locations, any significant erosion of their financial condition or our relationships with these landlords would negatively affect our ability to obtain and retain store locations. Additionally, further landlord consolidation may negatively affect our ability to negotiate favorable lease terms.

3

 


 

 

We may experience fluctuations in, and cyclicality of, our comparable-store sales results.



Our comparable-store sales have fluctuated significantly in the past, on both an annual and a quarterly basis, and we expect them to continue to fluctuate in the future. A variety of factors affect our comparable-store sales results, including, among others, fashion trends, product innovation, promotional events, the highly competitive retail sales environment, economic conditions, timing of income tax refunds, changes in our merchandise mix, calendar shifts of holiday periods, supply chain disruptions, and weather conditions. Many of our products represent discretionary purchases. Accordingly, customer demand for these products could decline in an economic downturn or if our customers develop other priorities for their discretionary spending. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



Economic or political conditions in other countries, including fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and tax rates may adversely affect our operations.



A significant portion of our sales and operating income for 2016 was attributable to our operations in Europe, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. As a result, our business is subject to the risks associated with doing business outside of the United States such as local customer product preferences, political unrest, disruptions or delays in shipments, changes in economic conditions in countries in which we operate, foreign currency fluctuations, real estate costs, and labor and employment practices in non-U.S. jurisdictions that may differ significantly from those that prevail in the United States. In addition, because our suppliers manufacture a substantial amount of our products in foreign countries, our ability to obtain sufficient quantities of merchandise on favorable terms may be affected by governmental regulations, trade restrictions, labor, and other conditions in the countries from which our suppliers obtain their product.



Fluctuations in the value of the euro and the British Pound may affect the value of our European earnings when translated into U.S. dollars. Similarly our earnings in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand may be affected by the value of currencies when translated into U.S. dollars. Our international subsidiaries conduct most of their business in their local currency, other than in the U.K., whose inventory purchases are denominated in euros, which could result in foreign currency transaction gains or losses. 



Our products are subject to import and excise duties and/or sales or value-added taxes in many jurisdictions. Fluctuations in tax rates and duties and changes in tax legislation or regulation could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.



The United Kingdom electorate voted to exit the European Union in a referendum, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.



On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom (the “U.K.”) held a referendum in which voters approved an exit from the European Union (“E.U.”), commonly referred to as “Brexit.” The referendum is non-binding; however, it is expected to be passed into law, after which negotiations will commence to determine the future terms of the U.K.’s relationship with the E.U. The effect on our business from Brexit will depend, in part, on the outcome of tariff, trade, regulatory, and other negotiations. Volatility in currency exchange rates resulting from Brexit is expected to continue in the short term as the U.K. negotiates its exit from the E.U. In addition, Brexit could lead to legal uncertainty and potentially divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. determines which E.U. laws to replace or replicate, and those laws and regulations may be cumbersome, difficult or costly in terms of compliance. Any of these effects of Brexit, among others, could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. 



Macroeconomic developments may adversely affect our business.  



Our performance is subject to global economic conditions and the related impact on consumer spending levels. Continued uncertainty about global economic conditions poses a risk as consumers and businesses may postpone spending in response to tighter credit, unemployment, negative financial news, and/or declines in income or asset values, which could have a material negative effect on demand for our products.



As a retailer that is dependent upon consumer discretionary spending, our results of operations are sensitive to changes in macroeconomic conditions. Our customers may have less money for discretionary purchases as a result of job losses, foreclosures, bankruptcies, increased fuel and energy costs, higher interest rates, higher taxes, reduced access to credit, and lower home values. These and other economic factors could adversely affect demand for our products, which could adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.



4

 


 

 

Instability in the financial markets may adversely affect our business.



Instability in the global financial markets could reduce availability of credit to our business. Although we currently have a revolving credit agreement in place until May 19, 2021 and, other than amounts used for standby letters of credit, we do not have any borrowings under it, tightening of credit markets could make it more difficult for us to access funds, refinance our existing indebtedness, enter into agreements for new indebtedness, or obtain funding through the issuance of the Company’s securities. 



We rely on a few key suppliers for a majority of our merchandise purchases (including a significant portion from one key supplier). The inability of these key suppliers to access liquidity, or the insolvency of key suppliers, could lead to their failure to deliver merchandise to us. Our inability to obtain merchandise in a timely manner from major suppliers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.



Material changes in the market value of the securities we hold may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.



At January 28, 2017, our cash and cash equivalents totaled $1,046 million. The majority of our investments were short-term deposits in highly-rated banking institutions. As of January 28, 2017, $730 million of our cash and cash equivalents were held in foreign jurisdictions. We regularly monitor our counterparty credit risk and mitigate our exposure by making short-term investments only in highly-rated institutions and by limiting the amount we invest in any one institution. We continually monitor the creditworthiness of our counterparties. At January 28, 2017, all of the investments were in investment grade institutions. Despite an investment grade rating, it is possible that the value or liquidity of our investments may decline due to any number of factors, including general market conditions and bank-specific credit issues.



Our U.S. pension plan trust holds assets totaling $589 million at January 28, 2017. The fair values of these assets held in the trust are compared to the plan’s projected benefit obligation to determine the pension funding liability. We attempt to mitigate funding risk through asset diversification, and we regularly monitor investment risk of our portfolio through quarterly investment portfolio reviews and periodic asset and liability studies. Despite these measures, it is possible that the value of our portfolio may decline in the future due to any number of factors, including general market conditions and credit issues. Such declines could have an impact on the funded status of our pension plan and future funding requirements.



If our long-lived assets, goodwill or other intangible assets become impaired, we may need to record significant non-cash impairment charges.



We review our long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets when events indicate that the carrying value of such assets may be impaired. Goodwill and other indefinite lived intangible assets are reviewed for impairment if impairment indicators arise and, at a minimum, annually. As of January 28, 2017, we had $155 million of goodwill; this asset is not amortized but is subject to an impairment test, which consists of either a qualitative assessment on a reporting unit level, or a two-step impairment test, if necessary. The determination of impairment charges is significantly affected by estimates of future operating cash flows and estimates of fair value. Our estimates of future operating cash flows are identified from our long-range strategic plans, which are based upon our experience, knowledge, and expectations; however, these estimates can be affected by factors such as our future operating results, future store profitability, and future economic conditions, all of which can be difficult to predict accurately. Any significant deterioration in macroeconomic conditions could affect the fair value of our long-lived assets, goodwill, and other intangible assets and could result in future impairment charges, which would adversely affect our results of operations.



Our financial results may be adversely affected by tax rates or exposure to additional tax liabilities.



We are a U.S.-based multinational company subject to tax in multiple U.S. and foreign tax jurisdictions. Our provision for income taxes is based on a jurisdictional mix of earnings, statutory rates, and enacted tax rules, including transfer pricing. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes and in evaluating our tax positions on a worldwide basis. Our effective tax rate could be adversely affected by a number of factors, including shifts in the mix of pretax results by tax jurisdiction, changes in tax laws or related interpretations in the jurisdictions in which we operate, and tax assessments and related interest and penalties resulting from income tax audits.



5

 


 

 

A substantial portion of our cash and investments is invested outside of the United States.  In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we have not provided for U.S. federal and state income taxes or foreign withholding taxes that may result from potential future remittances of undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries because we plan to permanently reinvest our foreign earnings. Our effective tax rate could be adversely affected if our plans change and all or a portion of our foreign earnings were no longer considered to be permanently reinvested.



Changes in tax laws could materially affect our financial position and results of operations



The current administration and Congress have made public statements regarding their plans to make substantial changes in the taxation of U.S. companies and their foreign operations, including the possible implementation of a border adjustment tax; tariffs or increases in custom duties on products manufactured outside of and imported into the U.S.; taxation of unremitted foreign earnings; corporate tax rate reductions; and the renegotiation of U.S. trade agreements. Due to economic and political conditions, tax rates and policies in the U.S. or internationally may be subject to significant change. Moreover, there has been an increase in attention to the tax practices of multinational companies, including the issuance of a series of action items by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development with respect to base erosion and profit shifting. This attention has, and is likely to continue to result in legislative changes that could adversely affect our tax rate. Any changes in the taxation of our business activities may impact our worldwide effective tax rate, our financial position, and results of operations.



The effects of natural disasters, terrorism, acts of war, and public health issues may adversely affect our business.



Natural disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and tornadoes may affect store and distribution center operations. In addition, acts of terrorism, acts of war, and military action both in the United States and abroad can have a significant effect on economic conditions and may negatively affect our ability to purchase merchandise from suppliers for sale to our customers. Public health issues, such as flu or other pandemics, whether occurring in the United States or abroad, could disrupt our operations and result in a significant part of our workforce being unable to operate or maintain our infrastructure or perform other tasks necessary to conduct our business. Additionally, public health issues may disrupt, or have an adverse effect on, our suppliers’ operations, our operations, our customers, or customer demand. Our ability to mitigate the adverse impact of these events depends, in part, upon the effectiveness of our disaster preparedness and response planning as well as business continuity planning. However, we cannot be certain that our plans will be adequate or implemented properly in the event of an actual disaster. We may be required to suspend operations in some or all of our locations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Any significant declines in public safety or uncertainties regarding future economic prospects that affect customer spending habits could have a material adverse effect on customer purchases of our products.



Manufacturer compliance with our social compliance program requirements.



We require our independent manufacturers to comply with our policies and procedures, which cover many areas including labor, health and safety, and environmental standards. We monitor compliance with our policies and procedures using internal resources, as well as third-party monitoring firms. Although we monitor their compliance with these policies and procedures, we do not control the manufacturers or their practices. Any failure of our independent manufacturers to comply with our policies and procedures or local laws in the country of manufacture could disrupt the shipment of merchandise to us, force us to locate alternate manufacturing sources, reduce demand for our merchandise, or damage our reputation.



Complications in our distribution centers and other factors affecting the distribution of merchandise may affect our business.



We operate multiple distribution centers worldwide to support our businesses. In addition to the distribution centers that we operate, we have third-party arrangements to support our operations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. If complications arise with any facility or if any facility is severely damaged or destroyed, our other distribution centers may be unable to support the resulting additional distribution demands. We also may be affected by disruptions in the global transportation network such as port strikes, weather conditions, work stoppages or other labor unrest. These factors may adversely affect our ability to deliver inventory on a timely basis. We depend upon third-party carriers for shipment of merchandise;   any interruption in service by these carriers for any reason could cause disruptions in our business, a loss of sales and profits, and other material adverse effects.



6

 


 

 

We are subject to technology risks including failures, security breaches, and cybersecurity risks which could harm our business, damage our reputation, and increase our costs in an effort to protect against such risks.



Information technology is a critically important part of our business operations. We depend on information systems to process transactions, make operational decisions, manage inventory, operate our websites, purchase, sell and ship goods on a timely basis, and maintain cost-efficient operations. There is a risk that we could experience a business interruption, theft of information, or reputational damage as a result of a cyber-attack, such as an infiltration of a data center or data leakage of confidential information, either internally or at our third-party providers. We may experience operational problems with our information systems as a result of system failures, system implementation issues, viruses, malicious hackers, sabotage, or other causes.



Our business involves the storage and transmission of customers’ personal information, including consumer preferences and certain credit card information. In an effort to enhance the security of our customers’ credit card information, during 2015 we implemented an encryption and tokenization platform for most domestic credit card transactions, whereby no credit card data is stored in our internal systems, and we plan to expand this platform to the entire company. We invest in security technology to protect the data stored by us, including our data and business processes, against the risk of data security breaches and cyber-attacks. Our data security management program includes enforcement of standard data protection policies such as Payment Card Industry compliance. Additionally, we certify our major technology suppliers and any outsourced services through accepted security certification measures. We maintain and routinely test backup systems and disaster recovery, along with external network security penetration testing by an independent third party as part of our business continuity preparedness.



While we believe that our security technology and processes follow leading practices in the prevention of security breaches and the mitigation of cybersecurity risks, given the ever-increasing abilities of those intent on breaching cybersecurity measures and given the necessity of our reliance on the security procedures of third-party vendors, the total security effort at any point in time may not be completely effective. Any such security breaches and cyber incidents could adversely affect our business. Failure of our systems, including failures due to cyber-attacks that would prevent the ability of systems to function as intended, could cause transaction errors, loss of customers and sales, and negative consequences to us, our employees, and those with whom we do business. Any security breach involving the misappropriation, loss, or other unauthorized disclosure of confidential information by us could also severely damage our reputation, expose us to the risks of litigation and liability, increase operating costs associated with remediation, and harm our business. While we carry insurance that would mitigate the losses, such insurance may be insufficient to compensate us for potentially significant losses.



Risks associated with digital operations.



Our digital operations are subject to numerous risks, including risks related to the failure of the computer systems that operate our websites and mobile sites and their related support systems, computer viruses, telecommunications failures, denial of service attacks, and similar disruptions. Also, we will require additional capital in the future to sustain or grow our digital commerce. Business risks related to digital commerce include risks associated with the need to keep pace with rapid technological change, Internet cybersecurity risks, risks of system failure or inadequacy, governmental regulation, and legal uncertainties with respect to Internet regulatory compliance. If any of these risks materialize, it could have a material adverse effect on our business.



The technology enablement of omni-channel in our business is complex and involves the development of a new digital platform and a new order management system in order to enhance the complete customer experience.



We continue to invest in initiatives designed to deliver a high-quality, coordinated shopping experience online, in-stores, and on mobile devices, which requires substantial investment in technology, information systems, employee training,  as well as significant management time and resources. Our omni-channel retailing efforts include the integration and implementation of new technology, software and processes to be able to fulfill orders from any point within our system of stores and distribution centers, which is extremely complex and may not meet customer expectations for timely and accurate deliveries. These efforts involve substantial risk, including risk of implementation delays, cost overruns, technology interruptions, supply and distribution delays, and other issues that can affect the successful implementation and operation of our omni-channel initiatives. If our omni-channel initiatives are not successful, or we do not realize the return on our omni-channel investments that we anticipate, our financial performance and future growth could be materially adversely affected.

7

 


 

 

Our reliance on key management.



Future performance will depend upon our ability to attract, retain, and motivate our executive and senior management teams. Our executive and senior management teams have substantial experience and expertise in our business and have made significant contributions to our success. Our future performance depends to a significant extent both upon the continued services of our current executive and senior management teams, as well as our ability to attract, hire, motivate, and retain additional qualified management in the future. While we feel that we have adequate succession planning and executive development programs, competition for key executives in the retail industry is intense, and our operations could be adversely affected if we cannot retain and attract qualified executives.



Risks associated with attracting and retaining store and field associates.



Our success depends, in part, upon our ability to attract, develop, and retain a sufficient number of qualified store and field associates. The turnover rate in the retail industry is generally high. If we are unable to attract and retain quality associates, our ability to meet our growth goals or to sustain expected levels of profitability may be compromised. Our ability to meet our labor needs while controlling costs is subject to external factors such as unemployment levels, prevailing wage rates, minimum wage legislation, overtime regulations, and changing demographics.



Changes in employment laws or regulation could harm our performance.



Various foreign and domestic labor laws govern our relationship with our employees and affect our operating costs. These laws include minimum wage requirements, overtime and sick pay, paid time off, work scheduling, healthcare reform and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”), unemployment tax rates, workers’ compensation rates, European works council requirements, and union organization. A number of factors could adversely affect our operating results, including additional government-imposed increases in minimum wages, overtime and sick pay, paid leaves of absence and mandated health benefits, and changing regulations from the National Labor Relations Board or other agencies. Additionally, recent changes in the leadership of the U.S. government could lead to repeal of, or changes, in some or all of the ACA; complying with any new legislation and/or reversing changes implemented under the ACA could be time-intensive and expensive, and may affect our business.



Legislative or regulatory initiatives related to global warming/climate change concerns may negatively affect our business.



There has been an increasing focus and significant debate on global climate change, including increased attention from regulatory agencies and legislative bodies. This increased focus may lead to new initiatives directed at regulating an as-yet unspecified array of environmental matters. Legislative, regulatory, or other efforts in the United States to combat climate change could result in future increases in taxes or in the cost of transportation and utilities, which could decrease our operating profits and could necessitate future additional investments in facilities and equipment. We are currently unable to predict the potential effects that any such future environmental initiatives may have on our business.



We may be adversely affected by regulatory and litigation developments.



We are exposed to the risk that federal or state legislation may negatively impact our operations. Changes in federal or state wage requirements, employee rights, health care, social welfare or entitlement programs, such as health insurance, paid leave programs, or other changes in workplace regulation could increase our cost of doing business or otherwise adversely affect our operations. Additionally, we are regularly involved in various litigation matters, including class actions and patent infringement claims, which arise in the ordinary course of our business. Litigation or regulatory developments could adversely affect our business operations and financial performance.



8

 


 

 

We operate in many different jurisdictions and we could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws.



The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, including the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010, which is broader in scope than the FCPA, generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business.



Our internal policies mandate compliance with these anti-corruption laws. Despite our training and compliance programs, we cannot be assured that our internal control policies and procedures will always protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. Our continued expansion outside the United States, including in developing countries, could increase the risk of FCPA violations in the future. Violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.



Failure to fully comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could negatively affect our business, market confidence in our reported financial information, and the price of our common stock.



We continue to document, test, and monitor our internal controls over financial reporting in order to satisfy all of the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; however, we cannot be assured that our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal controls over financial reporting will prove to be completely adequate in the future. Failure to fully comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could negatively affect our business, market confidence in our reported financial information, and the price of our common stock.



Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments



None.



Item 2. Properties



The properties of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries consist of land, leased stores, administrative facilities, and distribution centers. Gross square footage and total selling area for the Athletic Stores segment at the end of 2016 were approximately 13.12 and 7.63 million square feet, respectively. These properties, which are primarily leased, are located in the United States and its territories, Canada, various European countries, Australia, and New Zealand.



We currently operate five distribution centers, of which two are owned and three are leased, occupying an aggregate of 2.9 million square feet. Three distribution centers are located in the United States, one in Germany, and one in the Netherlands. The location in Germany serves as the central warehouse distribution center for the Runners Point and Sidestep stores and their direct-to-customer business. We also own a cross-dock and manufacturing facility, and operate a leased warehouse in the United States, both of which support our Team Edition apparel business. The lease on our Wisconsin distribution center expires in April 2018. Additionally, our leased distribution centers in Germany and the Netherlands expire during 2019.



We believe that all leases of properties that are material to our operations may be renewed, or that alternative properties are available, on terms not materially less favorable to us than existing leases.



Item 3. Legal Proceedings



Information regarding the Company’s legal proceedings is contained in the Legal Proceedings note under “Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”



Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures



Not applicable.



9

 


 

 

Item 4A.  Executive Officers of the Registrant



The following table provides information with respect to all persons serving as executive officers as of March 23, 2017, including business experience for the last five years.





 

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer 

Richard A. Johnson

Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer-North America

Stephen D. Jacobs

Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer-International

Lewis P. Kimble

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 

Lauren B. Peters 

Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

Paulette R. Alviti 

Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer 

Giovanna Cipriano 

Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary 

Sheilagh M. Clarke 

Senior Vice President — Real Estate 

W. Scott Martin 

Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer

Pawan Verma

Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

John A. Maurer 



Richard A. Johnson, age 59, has served as Chairman of the Board since May 18, 2016 and President and Chief Executive Officer since December 1, 2014. Mr. Johnson previously served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer from May 16, 2012 through November 30, 2014. He served as Executive Vice President and Group President from July 2011 to May 15, 2012; President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker U.S., Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, and Footaction from January 2010 to July 2011; President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker Europe from August 2007 to January 2010; and President and Chief Executive Officer of Footlocker.com/Eastbay from April 2003 to August 2007.



Stephen D. Jacobs, age 54, has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer-North America since February 29, 2016. Mr. Jacobs has been with the Company for 18 years in positions of increasing responsibility. He previously served as Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer Foot Locker North America from December 1, 2014 through February 28, 2016. He served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker U.S., Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, and Footaction from July 2011 to November 2014 and President and Chief Executive Officer of Champs Sports from January 2009 to June 2011. 



Lewis P. Kimble, age 58, has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer-International since February 29, 2016. Mr. Kimble previously served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker Europe from February 1, 2010 to February 28, 2016. Prior to that role Mr. Kimble led our business in Australia and New Zealand as Managing Director of Foot Locker Asia Pacific. Over his 40 years with the Company, Mr. Kimble has also held Vice President positions across multiple functions within the United States and Europe.



Lauren B. Peters, age 55, has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since July 2011.



Paulette R. Alviti, age 46, has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since June 2013. From March 2010 to May 2013, Ms. Alviti served in various roles at PepsiCo, Inc.: SVP and Chief Human Resources Officer Asia, Middle East, Africa (February to May 2013); SVP Global Talent Acquisition and Deployment (July 2012 to February 2013); and SVP — Human Resources (March 2010 to July 2012).



Giovanna Cipriano, age 47, has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer since May 2009.



Sheilagh M. Clarke, age 57, has served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since June 1, 2014. She previously served as Vice President, Associate General Counsel and Assistant Secretary from May 2007 to May 2014.



W. Scott Martin, age 49, has served as Senior Vice President — Real Estate since June 13, 2016. Mr. Martin previously served as Vice President, Store Development – Asia Pacific with Gap Inc. from June 2014 to June 2016. Prior to that role, he served in various roles at Starbucks Coffee Company: Director, Strategy Development, China, Asia Pacific and Emerging Brands (July 2013 to July 2014); Director, Global Store Development (June 2007 to July 2013).



Pawan Verma, age 40, has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer since August 10, 2015. From February 2013 to July 2015, Mr. Verma served in various technology leadership roles at Target Corporation ranging from enterprise architecture, ecommerce, mobile and digital, with his most recent role at Target as Vice President-Digital Technology and API Platforms. From March 2011 to January 2013, he served as Sr. Director, eCommerce, Digital and Mobile of Convergys Corporation.



John A. Maurer, age 57, has served as Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations since February 2011.



There are no family relationships among the executive officers or directors of the Company.

10

 


 

 

PART II





 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for the Company’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities



Foot Locker, Inc. common stock (ticker symbol “FL”) is listed on The New York Stock Exchange as well as on the Börse Stuttgart stock exchange in Germany. As of January 28, 2017, the Company had 13,717 shareholders of record owning 131,495,621 common shares.



The following table provides the intra-day high and low sales prices for the Company’s common stock for the periods indicated below:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015



 

High

 

Low

 

High

   

Low

1st Quarter

 

$

69.65 

 

$  

58.17 

 

$

63.66 

 

$

52.12 

2nd Quarter

 

 

62.45 

 

 

50.90 

 

 

71.07 

 

 

60.14 

3rd Quarter

 

 

69.61 

 

 

56.80 

 

 

77.25 

 

 

63.02 

4th Quarter

 

 

79.43 

 

 

65.39 

 

 

69.99 

 

 

57.23 



During each of the quarters of 2016, the Company declared a dividend of $0.275 per share. The Board of Directors reviews the dividend policy and rate, taking into consideration the overall financial and strategic outlook for our earnings, liquidity, and cash flow. On February 14, 2017, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.31 per share to be paid on April 28, 2017. This dividend represents a 13 percent increase over the previous quarterly per share amount.



The following table is a summary of our fourth quarter share repurchases:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Approximate



 

 

 

 

 

Total Number of

 

Dollar Value of



 

Total

 

Average

Shares Purchased as

 

Shares that may



 

Number

 

Price

Part of Publicly

 

yet be Purchased



 

of Shares

 

Paid Per

Announced

 

Under the

Date Purchased

 

Purchased (1)

 

Share (1) 

Program (2)

 

Program (2)

Oct. 30 - Nov. 26, 2016

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 —

 

$

284,788,341 

Nov. 27 - Dec. 31, 2016

 

530,658 

 

 

75.12 

 

530,000 

 

 

244,976,691 

Jan. 1 - Jan. 28, 2017

 

589,808 

 

 

69.83 

 

580,000 

 

 

204,484,918 



 

1,120,466 

 

 

72.33 

 

1,110,000 

 

 

 





 

 

(1)

 

These columns also reflect shares acquired in satisfaction of the tax withholding obligation of holders of restricted stock units which vested during the quarter, stock swaps, and shares repurchased pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The calculation of the average price paid per share includes all fees, commissions, and other costs associated with the repurchase of such shares.

(2)

 

On February 17, 2015, the Board of Directors approved a 3-year, $1 billion share repurchase program. Through January 28, 2017, 12.6 million shares of common stock were purchased under this program, for an aggregate cost of $795 million. On February 14, 2017, the Board of Directors approved a new 3-year, $1.2 billion share repurchase program extending through January 2020, replacing the previous $1 billion program. 



11

 


 

 

Performance Graph



The graph below compares the cumulative five-year total return to shareholders (common stock price appreciation plus dividends, on a reinvested basis) on Foot Locker, Inc.’s common stock relative to the total returns of the S&P 500 Specialty Retailing Index and the S&P 500 Index. During 2016 Foot Locker, Inc. was chosen for inclusion in the S&P 500 Index. As a result, we have updated our peer group to reflect this change. For comparative purposes, we have also included our previous year peers, the S&P 400 Retailing Index and the Russell Midcap Index, in the performance graph below.



The following Performance Graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or deemed to be filed with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such filing.



Picture 1







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

1/28/2012

 

2/2/2013

 

2/1/2014

 

1/31/2015

 

1/30/2016

 

1/28/2017

Foot Locker, Inc.

 

$

100.00 

 

$

133.63 

 

$

152.66 

 

$

214.25 

 

$

276.19 

 

$

282.80 

S&P 500 Index

 

$

100.00 

 

$

117.60 

 

$

141.46 

 

$

161.57 

 

$

160.48 

 

$

193.95 

S&P 500 Specialty Retailing Index

 

$

100.00 

 

$

130.46 

 

$

154.13 

 

$

205.68 

 

$

222.77 

 

$

239.65 

S&P 400 Retailing Index (1)

 

$

100.00 

 

$

123.79 

 

$

139.70 

 

$

169.85 

 

$

148.64 

 

$

152.63 

Russell Midcap Index (1)

 

$

100.00 

 

$

118.51 

 

$

145.32 

 

$

165.16 

 

$

152.96 

 

$

191.56 





 

(1)

Represents our previous year peer index.



12

 


 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data



FIVE-YEAR SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA



The selected financial data below should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes thereto and other information contained elsewhere in this report.





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012 (1)

Summary of Operations

(in millions, except per share amounts)

Sales

$

7,766 

 

7,412 

 

7,151 

 

6,505 

 

6,182 

Gross margin

 

2,636 

 

2,505 

 

2,374 

 

2,133 

 

2,034 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

1,472 

 

1,415 

 

1,426 

 

1,334 

 

1,294 

Litigation, impairment and other charges

 

 

105 

 

 

 

12 

Depreciation and amortization

 

158 

 

148 

 

139 

 

133 

 

118 

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

(6)

 

(4)

 

(9)

 

(4)

 

(2)

Net income

 

664 

 

541 

 

520 

 

429 

 

397 

Per Common Share Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Basic earnings

 

4.95 

 

3.89 

 

3.61 

 

2.89 

 

2.62 

  Diluted earnings

 

4.91 

 

3.84 

 

3.56 

 

2.85 

 

2.58 

  Common stock dividends declared per share

 

1.10 

 

1.00 

 

0.88 

 

0.80 

 

0.72 

Weighted-average Common Shares Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Basic earnings

 

134.0 

 

139.1 

 

143.9 

 

148.4 

 

151.2 

  Diluted earnings

 

135.1 

 

140.8 

 

146.0 

 

150.5 

 

154.0 

Financial Condition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments

$

1,046 

 

1,021 

 

967 

 

867 

 

928 

Merchandise inventories

 

1,307 

 

1,285 

 

1,250 

 

1,220 

 

1,167 

Property and equipment, net

 

765 

 

661 

 

620 

 

590 

 

490 

Total assets

 

3,840 

 

3,775 

 

3,577 

 

3,487 

 

3,367 

Long-term debt and obligations under capital leases

 

127 

 

130 

 

134 

 

139 

 

133 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

2,710 

 

2,553 

 

2,496 

 

2,496 

 

2,377 

Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales per average gross square foot (2)

$

515 

 

504 

 

490 

 

460 

 

443 

SG&A as a percentage of sales

 

19.0 

%

19.1 

 

19.9 

 

20.5 

 

20.9 

Net income margin

 

8.6 

%

7.3 

 

7.3 

 

6.6 

 

6.4 

Adjusted net income margin (3)

 

8.4 

%

8.2 

 

7.3 

 

6.6 

 

6.2 

Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) (3)

$

1,006 

 

841 

 

814 

 

668 

 

612 

EBIT margin (3)

 

13.0 

%

11.3 

 

11.4 

 

10.3 

 

9.9 

Adjusted EBIT (3)

 

1,012 

 

946 

 

816 

 

676 

 

602 

Adjusted EBIT margin (3)

 

13.0 

%

12.8 

 

11.4 

 

10.4 

 

9.9 

Return on assets (ROA)

 

17.4 

%

14.7 

 

14.7 

 

12.5 

 

12.4 

Return on invested capital (ROIC) (3)

 

15.1 

%

15.8 

 

15.0 

 

14.1 

 

14.2 

Net debt capitalization percent (3), (4)

 

48.5 

%

47.4 

 

43.4 

 

42.5 

 

37.2 

Current ratio

 

4.3 

 

3.7 

 

3.5 

 

3.8 

 

3.7 

Other Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

$

266 

 

228 

 

190 

 

206 

 

163 

Number of stores at year end

 

3,363 

 

3,383 

 

3,423 

 

3,473 

 

3,335 

Total selling square footage at year end (in millions)

 

7.63 

 

7.58 

 

7.48 

 

7.47 

 

7.26 

Total gross square footage at year end (in millions)

 

13.12 

 

12.92 

 

12.73 

 

12.71 

 

12.32 







 

(1)

2012 represents the 53 weeks ended February 2, 2013.

(2)

Calculated as Athletic Store sales divided by the average monthly ending gross square footage of the last thirteen months. The computation for each of the years presented reflects the foreign exchange rate in effect for such year. The 2012 amount has been calculated excluding the sales of the 53rd week.

(3)

These represent non-GAAP measures, see Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for additional information and calculation.      

(4)

Represents total debt and obligations under capital leases, net of cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments. This calculation includes the present value of operating leases and therefore is considered a non-GAAP measure.



13

 


 

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Business Overview



Foot Locker, Inc., through its subsidiaries, operates in two reportable segments — Athletic Stores and Direct-to-Customers. The Athletic Stores segment is one of the largest athletic footwear and apparel retailers in the world, with formats that include Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Lady Foot Locker, Champs Sports, Footaction, Runners Point, Sidestep, and SIX:02. The Direct-to-Customers segment includes Footlocker.com, Inc. and other affiliates, including Eastbay, Inc., and our international ecommerce businesses, which sell to customers through their Internet and mobile sites and catalogs.



The Foot Locker brand is one of the most widely recognized names in the markets in which we operate, epitomizing premium quality for the active lifestyle customer. This brand equity has aided our ability to successfully develop and increase our portfolio of complementary retail store formats, such as Lady Foot Locker and Kids Foot Locker, as well as Footlocker.com, its direct-to-customer business. Through various marketing channels and experiences, including social, digital, broadcast, and print media,  as well as various sports sponsorships and events, we reinforce our image with a consistent message namely, that we are the destination for athletically inspired shoes and apparel with a wide selection of merchandise in a full-service environment.



Store Profile





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Square Footage



January 30,

 

 

January 28,

Relocations/

(in thousands)



2016

Opened

Closed

2017

Remodels

Selling

Gross

Foot Locker U.S.

971  10  33  948  73  2,453  4,250 

Foot Locker Europe

606  22  622  43  907  1,971 

Foot Locker Canada

125  119  10  265  432 

Foot Locker Asia Pacific                     

94  95  134  220 

Kids Foot Locker

374  45  411  26  688  1,175 

Lady Foot Locker

156 

 —

32  124  167  280 

Champs Sports

550  12  545  36  1,930  2,978 

Footaction

268  12  261  17  786  1,309 

Runners Point

121  122  162  267 

Sidestep

88 

 —

86  81  135 

SIX:02

30  30 

 —

61  101 

Total

3,383  96  116  3,363  218  7,634  13,118 



Athletic Stores



We operated 3,363 stores in the Athletic Stores segment as of the end of 2016. The following is a brief description of the Athletic Stores segment’s operating businesses and their respective taglines:



Foot Locker — “Approved” — Foot Locker is a leading global athletic footwear and apparel retailer, which caters to the sneaker aficionado  If it’s at Foot Locker, it’s Approved.  These stores offer the latest in athletically-inspired footwear and apparel, manufactured primarily by the leading athletic brands. Foot Locker provides the best selection of premium and limited products that supports the global sneaker culture. Additionally, we operate 217 House of Hoops shops,  which sell premier basketball-inspired footwear and apparel from Nike and Jordan; 15 Puma Labs, selling Puma’s most creative and limited footwear and apparel styles, and 1 adidas Foundation, offering the freshest assortment of both adidas performance and Originals product. Foot Locker’s 1,784 stores are located in 23 countries including 948 in the United States, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, 119 in Canada, 622 in Europe, and a combined 95 in Australia and New Zealand. Our domestic stores have an average of 2,600 selling square feet and our international stores have an average of 1,600 selling square feet.





14

 


 

 

Kids Foot Locker — “Go Big” — Kids Foot Locker offers the largest selection of brand-name athletic footwear, apparel and accessories for young children. Its stores feature an environment geared to appeal to both parents and children. Of its 411 stores, 370 are located in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 29 in Europe, and 12 in Canada. These stores have an average of 1,700 selling square feet.



Lady Foot Locker —“Leading Sneaker Culture for Her” — Lady Foot Locker is a U.S. retailer of athletic footwear, apparel, and accessories dedicated to sneaker-obsessed young women. Our stores provide premium sneakers and apparel, carefully selected to reflect the latest styles. Lady Foot Locker operates 124 stores that are located in the United States and Puerto Rico. These stores have an average of 1,300 selling square feet. 



Champs Sports — “We Know Game” — Champs Sports is one of the largest mall-based specialty athletic footwear and apparel retailers in North America. With a focus on the lifestyle expression of sport, Champs Sports’ product categories include athletic footwear and apparel, and sport-lifestyle inspired accessories. This assortment allows Champs Sports to offer the best head-to-toe fashion stories representing the most powerful athletic brands, sports teams, and athletes in North America. Of its 545 stores, 516 are located throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands and 29 in Canada. The Champs Sports stores have an average of 3,500 selling square feet.



Footaction — “Own It” — Footaction is a national athletic footwear and apparel retailer that offers the freshest, best edited selection of athletic lifestyle brands and looks. This banner is uniquely positioned at the intersection of sport and style. The primary customer is a style-obsessed, confident, influential young male who is always dressed to impress. Its 261 stores are located throughout the United States and Puerto Rico and focus on authentic, premium product. The Footaction stores have an average of 3,000 selling square feet.



Runners Point  “Your Way, Our Passion” — Runners Point specializes in running footwear, apparel, and equipment for performance and lifestyle purposes. Its 122 stores are located in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. This banner caters to local running communities providing technical products, training tips and access to local running and group events, while also serving their lifestyle running needs. Runners Point stores have an average of 1,300 selling square feet. 



Sidestep  “Sneaker Lifestyle” —  Sidestep is a predominantly athletic fashion footwear banner. Its 86 stores are located in Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Sidestep caters to a more discerning, fashion forward consumer. Sidestep stores have an average of 900 selling square feet.



SIX:02 —“It’s Your Time  — SIX:02 is an elevated retail concept designed for the modern woman, featuring top brands in athletic-inspired style. The apparel, footwear, and accessory assortments are carefully curated to provide a unique athletic fashion point of view, fusing performance and casual style. This banner leverages top celebrity and social influencers to connect meaningfully to all aspects of a woman’s life. SIX:02 operates 30 stores in the United States and have an average of 2,000 selling square feet.



Direct-to-Customers



Our Direct-to-Customers segment is multi-branded and sells directly to customers through Internet and mobile sites and catalogs. The Direct-to-Customers segment operates the websites for eastbay.com, final-score.com, eastbayteamsales.com, and sp24.com. Additionally, this segment includes the websites, both desktop and mobile, aligned with the brand names of our store banners (footlocker.com, ladyfootlocker.com, six02.com kidsfootlocker.com, champssports.com, footaction.com, footlocker.ca, footlocker.eu, runnerspoint.com, and sidestep-shoes.com). These sites offer some of the largest online selections of athletically inspired shoes and apparel, while providing a seamless link between ecommerce and physical stores



Eastbay  “First Choice For Athletes”  — Eastbay is among the largest direct marketers in the United States, providing serious high school and other athletes with a complete sports solution including athletic footwear, apparel, equipment, and team licensed merchandise for a broad range of sports.



Franchise Operations



The Company has two separate ten-year agreements with third parties for the operation of Foot Locker stores located within the Middle East and the Republic of Korea. Additionally, we operate franchised stores in Germany under the Runners Point banner. A total of 74 franchised stores were operating at January 28, 2017, of which 54 were operating in the Middle East, 15 in Germany, and 5 in the Republic of Korea.

15

 


 

 

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures



In the following tables, we have presented certain financial measures and ratios identified as non-GAAP such as Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (“EBIT”), adjusted EBIT, adjusted EBIT margin, adjusted income before income taxes, adjusted net income, adjusted net income margin, adjusted diluted earnings per share, Return on Invested Capital (“ROIC”), free cash flow, and net debt capitalization. Additionally, we present certain amounts as excluding the effects of foreign currency fluctuations, which are also considered non-GAAP measures. Throughout the following discussions, where amounts are expressed as excluding the effects of foreign currency fluctuations, such changes are determined by translating all amounts in both years using the prior-year average foreign exchange rates.



We present these non-GAAP measures because we believe they assist investors in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core business or which affect comparability. Presenting amounts on a constant currency basis is useful to investors because it enables them to better understand the changes in our businesses that are not related to currency movements. In addition, these non-GAAP measures are useful in assessing our progress in achieving our long-term financial objectives.



The non-GAAP financial information is provided in addition to, and not as an alternative to, our reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP. We estimate the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments by applying its marginal rate to each of the respective items. The income tax items represent the discrete amount.



Presented below is a reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP results discussed throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Please see the non-GAAP reconciliations for free cash flow and net debt capitalization in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section.

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



($ in millions)

 

Sales

 

$

7,766 

 

$

7,412 

 

$

7,151 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

$

1,004 

 

$

837 

 

$

809 

 

Pre-tax adjustments to net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment and other charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pension litigation charge

 

 

 —

 

 

100 

 

 

 —

 

Runners Point Group integration and acquisition costs

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(4)

 

Adjusted income before income taxes

 

$

1,010 

 

$

942 

 

$

811 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculation of Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

$

1,004 

 

$

837 

 

$

809 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBIT

 

$

1,006 

 

$

841 

 

$

814 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted income before income taxes

 

$

1,010 

 

$

942 

 

$

811 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBIT

 

$

1,012 

 

$

946 

 

$

816 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBIT margin %

 

 

13.0 

%

 

11.3 

%

 

11.4 

%

Adjusted EBIT margin %

 

 

13.0 

%

 

12.8 

%

 

11.4 

%



16

 


 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



($ in millions, except per share amounts)

 

After-tax income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

664 

 

$

541 

 

$

520 

 

After-tax adjustments to net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment and other charges, net of income tax benefit of $1, $1, and $1 million, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pension litigation charge, net of income tax benefit of $—, $39, and $— million, respectively

 

 

 —

 

 

61 

 

 

 —

 

Runners Point Group acquisition and integration costs, net of income tax benefit of $—, $—, and $— million

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate, net of income tax expense of $—, $—, and $1 million, respectively

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(3)

 

Tax expense related to French tax rate change

 

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Tax benefit related to enacted change in foreign branch currency regulations

 

 

(9)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Tax benefit related to intellectual property reassessment

 

 

(10)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Adjusted net income

 

$

652 

 

$

606 

 

$

522 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted EPS

 

$

4.91 

 

$

3.84 

 

$

3.56 

 

Adjustments to diluted EPS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment and other charges

 

 

0.03 

 

 

0.02 

 

 

0.02 

 

Pension litigation charge

 

 

 —

 

 

0.43 

 

 

 —

 

Runners Point Group acquisition and integration costs

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

0.01 

 

Gain on sale of real estate

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(0.01)

 

Tax expense related to French tax rate change

 

 

0.02 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Tax benefit related to enacted change in foreign branch currency regulations

 

 

(0.07)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Tax benefit related to intellectual property reassessment

 

 

(0.07)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Adjusted diluted EPS

 

$

4.82 

 

$

4.29 

 

$

3.58 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income margin %

 

 

8.6 

%

 

7.3 

%

 

7.3 

%

Adjusted net income margin %

 

 

8.4 

%

 

8.2 

%

 

7.3 

%



ROIC is presented below and represents a non-GAAP measure. We believe it is a meaningful measure because it quantifies how efficiently we generated operating income relative to the capital we have invested in the business. In order to calculate ROIC, we adjust our results to reflect our operating leases as if they qualified for capital lease treatment. Operating leases are the primary financing vehicle used to fund store expansion and, therefore, we believe that the presentation of these leases as if they were capital leases is appropriate. Accordingly, the asset base and net income amounts are adjusted to reflect this in the calculation of ROIC. ROIC, subject to certain adjustments, is also used as a measure in executive long-term incentive compensation.



The closest U.S. GAAP measure to ROIC is Return on Assets (“ROA”) and is also represented below. ROA increased to 17.4 percent as compared to 14.7 percent in the prior year, which partially relates to the fact that the prior year results included a $61 million after-tax litigation charge. Additionally, our overall improved performance in 2016 also increased ROA. Our ROIC decreased to 15.1 percent as compared to 15.8 percent in the prior year. This reflected an increase in our average invested capital as a result of the inclusion of our new headquarters lease and the effect of opening larger stores supporting the various shop-in-shop initiatives.





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

ROA (1)

 

 

17.4 

%

 

14.7 

%

 

14.7 

%

ROIC %

 

 

15.1 

%

 

15.8 

%

 

15.0 

%





 

(1)

Represents net income of $664 million, $541 million, and $520 million divided by average total assets of $3,808 million, $3,676 million, and $3,532 million for 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively.



 

17

 


 

 

Calculation of ROIC:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



 

($ in millions)

 

Adjusted EBIT

 

$

1,012 

 

$

946 

 

$

816 

 

+ Rent expense

 

 

690 

 

 

640 

 

 

635 

 

- Estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases (1)

 

 

(552)

 

 

(498)

 

 

(482)

 

Adjusted net operating profit

 

 

1,150 

 

 

1,088 

 

 

969 

 

- Adjusted income tax expense (2)

 

 

(409)

 

 

(391)

 

 

(347)

 

= Adjusted return after taxes (3)

 

$

741 

 

$

697 

 

$

622 

 

Average total assets

 

$

3,808 

 

$

3,676 

 

$

3,532 

 

- Average cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

 

(1,034)

 

 

(994)

 

 

(917)

 

- Average non-interest bearing current liabilities

 

 

(656)

 

 

(697)

 

 

(659)

 

- Average merchandise inventories

 

 

(1,296)

 

 

(1,268)

 

 

(1,235)

 

+ Average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases (1)

 

 

2,687 

 

 

2,346 

 

 

2,093 

 

+ 13-month average merchandise inventories

 

 

1,388 

 

 

1,337 

 

 

1,325 

 

= Average invested capital

 

$

4,897 

 

$

4,400 

 

$

4,139 

 

ROIC %

 

 

15.1 

%

 

15.8 

%

 

15.0 

%





 

(1)

The determination of the capitalized operating leases and the adjustments to income have been calculated on a lease-by-lease basis and have been consistently calculated in each of the years presented above. Capitalized operating leases represent the best estimate of the asset base that would be recorded for operating leases as if they had been classified as capital or as if the property were purchased. The present value of operating leases is discounted using various interest rates ranging from 2.5 percent to 14.5 percent, which represents our incremental borrowing rate at inception of the lease. The capitalized operating leases and related income statement amounts disclosed above do not reflect the requirements of the recently issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases.



(2)

The adjusted income tax expense represents the marginal tax rate applied to net operating profit for each of the periods presented.



(3)

The adjusted return after taxes does not include interest expense that would be recorded on a capital lease.



 



Overview of Consolidated Results



The following represents our long-term objectives and our progress towards meeting those objectives. Non-GAAP results are presented for all the periods. Please see “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures” earlier in this section for further information relating to non-GAAP measures, including why we believe they are useful and how they are calculated.    



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Long-term

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Objectives

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Sales ($ in millions)

 

$

10,000 

 

$

7,766 

 

$

7,412 

 

$

7,151 

 

Sales per gross square foot

 

$

600 

 

$

515 

 

$

504 

 

$

490 

 

Adjusted net income margin %

 

 

8.5 

%

 

8.4 

%

 

8.2 

%

 

7.3 

%

Adjusted EBIT margin %

 

 

12.5 

%

 

13.0 

%

 

12.8 

%

 

11.4 

%

ROIC %

 

 

17.0 

%

 

15.1 

%

 

15.8 

%

 

15.0 

%



Highlights of our 2016 financial performance include:



·

Sales and comparable-store sales, as noted in the table below, both increased and continued to benefit from exciting assortments and enhanced store formats across our various banners, as well as improved performance of our store banner.com websites.





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Sales increase

 

 

4.8 

%

 

3.6 

%

 

9.9 

%

Comparable-store sales increase

 

 

4.3 

%

 

8.5 

%

 

8.0 

%



·

The following represents the percentage of sales from each of the major product categories:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Footwear sales

 

 

82 

%

 

82 

%

 

79 

%

Apparel and accessories sales

 

 

18 

%

 

18 

%

 

21 

%

18

 


 

 

·

Sales from the Direct-to-Customers segment increased 8.3 percent to $1,022 million, compared with $944 million in 2015 and increased 50 basis points as a percentage of total sales to 13.2 percent. The direct business has been steadily increasing as a percentage of total sales over the last several years, led by the continued growth in the store banners’ ecommerce sales.



·

Gross margin, as a percentage of sales, increased by 10 basis points to 33.9 percent in 2016. The improvement was primarily driven by an increase in our merchandise margin rate, reflecting a lower markdown rate compared to the prior year. 

 

·

SG&A expenses were 19.0 percent of sales, a decrease of 10 basis points as compared with the prior year, as we continued to diligently manage variable expenses.



·

EBIT margin and our adjusted EBIT margin was 13.0 percent in 2016, which surpassed our long-term financial objective, as well as the rate in the prior year. This reflected the strong earnings generated during 2016.



·

Net income was $664 million, or $4.91 diluted earnings per share, an increase of 27.9 percent from the prior-year period. Adjusted net income was $652 million, or $4.82 diluted earnings per share, an increase of 12.4 percent from the prior-year period.



·

Net income margin increased to 8.6 percent as compared with 7.3 percent in the prior year. Our adjusted net income margin improved 20 basis points to 8.4 percent in 2016 compared to the prior year, making progress towards reaching our long term objective measure of 8.5 percent.



Highlights of our 2016 financial position:



·

We ended the year in a strong financial position. At year end, we had $919 million of cash and cash equivalents, net of debt. Cash and cash equivalents at January 28, 2017 were $1,046 million, representing an increase of $25 million as compared with last year. This improvement reflects earnings strength and the successful execution of various key initiatives noted in the items below.



·

Net cash provided by operating activities was $816 million, representing a $71 million increase over last year.



·

Cash capital expenditures during 2016 totaled $266 million and were primarily directed to the remodeling or relocation of 218 stores, the build-out of 96 new stores, as well as other technology and infrastructure projects.



·

During 2016 we returned significant value to our shareholders. Dividends totaling $147 million were declared and paid during 2016, and 7.0 million shares were repurchased under our share repurchase program at a cost of $432 million.



Summary of Consolidated Statements of Operations





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



2016

 

2015

 

2014



(in millions, except per share data)

Sales 

$

7,766 

 

$

7,412 

 

$

7,151 

Gross margin

 

2,636 

 

 

2,505 

 

 

2,374 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

1,472 

 

 

1,415 

 

 

1,426 

Depreciation and amortization

 

158 

 

 

148 

 

 

139 

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

664 

 

$

541 

 

$

520 

Diluted earnings per share

$

4.91 

 

$

3.84 

 

$

3.56 

19

 


 

 

Sales



All references to comparable-store sales for a given period relate to sales of stores that were open at the period-end and had been open for more than one year. The computation of comparable-store sales also includes the sales of the Direct-to-Customers segment. Stores opened or closed during the period are not included in the comparable-store base; however, stores closed temporarily for relocation or remodeling are included. Computations exclude the effect of foreign currency fluctuations.



Sales of $7,766 million in 2016 increased by 4.8 percent from sales of $7,412 million in 2015, representing a comparable-store sales increase of 4.3 percent. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, sales increased 5.2 percent as compared with 2015. Sales of $7,412 million in 2015 increased by 3.6 percent from sales of $7,151 million in 2014, this represented a comparable-store sales increase of 8.5 percent. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, sales increased 8.9 percent as compared with 2014.



Gross Margin



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Gross margin rate

 

33.9 

%

 

33.8 

%

 

33.2 

%

Basis point increase in the gross margin rate

 

10 

 

 

60 

 

 

 

 

Components of the change-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Merchandise margin rate improvement

 

20 

 

 

30 

 

 

 

 

(Higher) Lower occupancy and buyers' compensation expense rate

 

(10)

 

 

30 

 

 

 

 



The improvement in the merchandise margin rate in 2016 reflects a lower markdown rate, primarily in our Athletic Stores segment, due to an increase in full-price selling. This improvement was partially offset by increased promotional activity within our Direct-to-Customers segment. The change in the gross margin rate also reflects an increase in the occupancy and buyers’ compensation rate compared to 2015. This pressured our gross margin rate as certain high-profile locations were closed for remodeling for all or part of the year, which increased the occupancy expense rate since these locations were not generating sales while incurring tenancy costs. 



Gross margin in 2015 improved 60 basis points to 33.8 percent as compared with 2014. The improvement was driven by both an improved merchandise margin rate and a decrease in the occupancy and buyers’ compensation rate reflecting improved sales leverage. The improvement in the merchandise margin rate primarily reflected an enhanced ability to achieve full-priced selling, as fewer markdowns were needed due to the freshness of inventory.



Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



($ in millions)

SG&A

$

1,472 

 

$

1,415 

 

$

1,426 

 

$ Change

$

57 

 

$

(11)

 

 

 

 

% Change

 

4.0 

%

 

(0.8)

%

 

 

 

SG&A as a percentage of sales

 

19.0 

%

 

19.1 

%

 

19.9 

%



SG&A increased by $57 million and 4.0 percent as compared with the prior year. The effect of foreign currency fluctuations for the current year was not significant. As a percentage of sales, the SG&A rate decreased by 10 basis points as compared with 2015, which reflected diligent expense management specifically in store wages by our Athletic Stores segment and was partially offset by increased marketing costs incurred by our Direct-to-Customers segment in order to drive traffic to its websites.



For 2015, excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, SG&A increased by $72 million as compared with 2014. The increase was driven by higher variable expenses to support sales, such as store wages and banking expenses. As a percentage of sales, SG&A improved 80 basis points representing improved leverage of our fixed costs as a result of our sales increase. This improvement reflected effective expense management, specifically store wage improvements due to productivity gains reflecting the continued utilization of hiring and scheduling tools.



20

 


 

 

Depreciation and Amortization





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



($ in millions)

Depreciation and amortization

$

158 

 

$

148 

 

$

139 

 

$ Change

$

10 

 

$

 

 

 

 

% Change

 

6.8 

%

 

6.5 

%

 

 

 



Depreciation and amortization increased $10 million in 2016. The effect of foreign currency fluctuations for the current year was not significant. The increases in both 2016 and 2015 reflect a rise in capital spending on store improvements, our new corporate headquarters, our digital sites and various corporate technology upgrades. In addition, the 2014 amount included $2 million of capital accrual adjustments which reduced depreciation and amortization.



Impairment and Litigation Charges



During 2016 and 2015, we recorded impairment charges totaling $6 million ($5 million after-tax or $0.03 per diluted share), and $4 million ($3 million after-tax or $0.02 per diluted share), respectively, relating to the write down of store fixtures and leasehold improvements for our Runners Point and Sidestep stores. Also during 2015, we recorded an impairment charge totaling $1 million to fully write down the value of an ecommerce trade name.



During 2015, we recorded a $100 million pension litigation charge ($61 million after-tax or $0.43 per diluted share). This charge relates to a class action in which the plaintiffs alleged that the Company failed to properly disclose the effects of the 1996 conversion of the retirement plan to a defined benefit plan with a cash balance formula. In September 2015, the court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs and issued a decision ordering that the pension plan be reformed. We are appealing the court’s decision, and the judgment has been stayed pending the outcome of the appeal. Our reasonable estimate of this liability is a range between $100 million and $200 million, with no amount within that range more probable than any other amount. Therefore, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we recorded a pre-tax charge of $100 million.



Please see Item 8. “Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” Note 3, Impairment and Litigation Charges and Note 22, Legal Proceedings for further information.



Interest Expense, Net







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 



($ in millions)

Interest expense 

$

11 

 

$

11 

 

$

11 

 

Interest income 

 

(9)

 

 

(7)