10-Q 1 chke-20160730x10q.htm 10-Q chke_Current_Folio_10Q_Taxonomy2015

 

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended July 30, 2016.

 

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Transition Period From            to            .

 

Commission file number 0-18640

 


 

CHEROKEE INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

95-4182437

(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS employer identification number)

 

 

 

5990 Sepulveda Boulevard, Sherman Oaks, CA

 

91411

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Zip Code

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code  (818) 908-9868

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

 

Accelerated filer ☒

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer ☐

 

Smaller reporting company ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

 

 

 

Class

 

Outstanding at September 2, 2016

Common Stock, $.02 par value per share

 

8,712,488

 

 

 

 

 


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets
July 30, 2016 and January 30, 2016
 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income
Three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015
 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three and six  month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015
 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
Six month period ended July 30, 2016
 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015
 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 

 

 

 

 

ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 

 

20 

 

 

 

ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 

 

30 

 

 

 

ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures 

 

30 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION 

 

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings 

 

31 

 

 

 

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors 

 

31 

 

 

 

ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 

 

42 

 

 

 

ITEM 6. Exhibits 

 

43 

 

 

 

Signatures 

 

44 

 

 

 

Certifications

 

 

 

 

2


 

PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CHEROKEE INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Unaudited

(amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 30,

 

January 30,

 

 

    

2016

    

2016

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

6,565

 

$

6,534

 

Receivables

 

 

7,962

 

 

7,365

 

Income taxes receivable

 

 

650

 

 

707

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

571

 

 

425

 

Total current assets

 

 

15,748

 

 

15,031

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

52,767

 

 

53,195

 

Deferred tax asset

 

 

585

 

 

1,136

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1,042

 

 

1,151

 

Other assets

 

 

37

 

 

35

 

Total assets

 

$

70,179

 

$

70,548

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and other accrued payables

 

$

2,482

 

$

2,195

 

Current portion of long term debt

 

 

8,512

 

 

8,456

 

Deferred revenue—current

 

 

318

 

 

479

 

Accrued compensation payable

 

 

256

 

 

891

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

11,568

 

 

12,021

 

Long term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long term debt

 

 

10,770

 

 

15,068

 

Other non-current

 

 

1,465

 

 

1,388

 

Total liabilities

 

 

23,803

 

 

28,477

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.02 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Common stock, $.02 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, 8,712,488 shares issued and outstanding at July 30, 2016 and 8,720,012 issued and outstanding at January 30, 2016

 

 

174

 

 

174

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

28,762

 

 

27,822

 

Retained earnings

 

 

17,440

 

 

14,075

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

46,376

 

 

42,071

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

70,179

 

$

70,548

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Unaudited

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 30,

 

August 1,

 

July 30,

 

August 1,

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

    

2016

    

2015

 

Royalty revenues

 

$

8,473

 

$

8,482

 

$

19,151

 

$

18,712

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

5,714

 

 

5,131

 

 

11,890

 

 

9,361

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

228

 

 

211

 

 

454

 

 

421

 

Operating income

 

 

2,531

 

 

3,140

 

 

6,807

 

 

8,930

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(165)

 

 

(165)

 

 

(362)

 

 

(340)

 

Interest income and other income (expense), net

 

 

78

 

 

(2)

 

 

78

 

 

(2)

 

Total other expense, net

 

 

(87)

 

 

(167)

 

 

(284)

 

 

(342)

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

2,444

 

 

2,973

 

 

6,523

 

 

8,588

 

Income tax provision

 

 

926

 

 

1,045

 

 

2,424

 

 

3,087

 

Net income

 

$

1,518

 

$

1,928

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

Net income per common share attributable to common stockholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

$

0.17

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.64

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.17

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.62

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding attributable to common stockholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

8,723

 

 

8,691

 

 

8,722

 

 

8,631

 

Diluted

 

 

8,746

 

 

8,951

 

 

8,789

 

 

8,875

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Unaudited

(amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 30,

    

August 1,

 

July 30,

    

August 1,

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

    

2016

    

2015

 

Net income

 

$

1,518

 

$

1,928

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

1,518

 

$

1,928

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Unaudited

(amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

    

Shares

    

Par Value

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Total

 

Balance at January 30, 2016

 

8,720

 

$

174

 

$

27,822

 

$

14,075

 

$

42,071

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,253

 

 

 —

 

 

1,253

 

Tax effect from stock option exercises and equity issuances

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(152)

 

 

 —

 

 

(152)

 

Stock option exercises and equity issuances, net of tax

 

52

 

 

1

 

 

(161)

 

 

 —

 

 

(160)

 

Retirement of common stock

 

(60)

 

 

(1)

 

 

 —

 

 

(734)

 

 

(735)

 

Net income

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

4,099

 

 

4,099

 

Balance at July 30, 2016

 

8,712

 

$

174

 

$

28,762

 

$

17,440

 

$

46,376

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Unaudited

(amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

    

July 30, 2016

    

August 1, 2015

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

256

 

 

206

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

454

 

 

421

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

83

 

 

(68)

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,253

 

 

943

 

Excess tax benefit from stock-based payment arrangements

 

 

 —

 

 

(240)

 

Other, net

 

 

28

 

 

257

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables

 

 

(597)

 

 

(892)

 

Prepaids and other current assets

 

 

(146)

 

 

(15)

 

Income taxes receivable and payable, net

 

 

373

 

 

426

 

Accounts payable and other accrued payables

 

 

169

 

 

(356)

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

34

 

 

21

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

(635)

 

 

(1,077)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

5,371

 

 

5,127

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of trademarks, including registration and renewal cost

 

 

(26)

 

 

(1,046)

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(147)

 

 

(292)

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(173)

 

 

(1,338)

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments of JPMorgan Term Notes

 

 

(4,272)

 

 

(3,672)

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

(161)

 

 

 —

 

Purchase and retirement of common stock

 

 

(734)

 

 

 —

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

 —

 

 

1,859

 

Excess tax benefit from stock-based payment arrangements

 

 

 —

 

 

240

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(5,167)

 

 

(1,573)

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

31

 

 

2,216

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

6,534

 

 

7,581

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

6,565

 

$

9,797

 

Cash paid during period for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes

 

$

2,031

 

$

2,551

 

Interest

 

$

338

 

$

319

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7


 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages, share and per share amounts)

 

(1)   Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of July 30, 2016 and for the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015 have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cherokee Inc. (“Cherokee” or the “Company”) and its consolidated subsidiaries and have not been audited by independent registered public accountants, but include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, which in the opinion of management of Cherokee are necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated during the consolidation process. The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of January 30, 2016 has been derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP for an audited balance sheet. The results of operations for the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending January 28, 2017 or for any other period. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2016.

 

As used herein, the term “First Quarter” refers to the three months ended April 30, 2016; the term “Second Quarter” refers to the three months ended July 30, 2016; the term “Six Months” refers to the six months ended July 30, 2016; the term “Fiscal 2019” refers to the fiscal year ending January 26, 2019; the term “Fiscal 2018” refers to the fiscal year ending January 27, 2018; the term “Fiscal 2017” refers to the fiscal year ending January 28, 2017; the term “Fiscal 2016” refers to the fiscal year ended January 30, 2016; and the term “Fiscal 2015” refers to fiscal year ended January 31, 2015.

 

(2)   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Receivables

 

Receivables are reported at amounts the Company expects to be collected, net of allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon its assessment of various factors, such as: historical experience, age of accounts receivable balances, credit quality of the Company’s licensees or franchisees, current economic conditions, bankruptcy, and other factors that may affect the Company’s licensees’ or franchisees’ ability to pay. There was no allowance for doubtful accounts as of July 30, 2016 or January 30, 2016.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued new guidance relating to revenue from contracts with customers that requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board deferred the effective date of this guidance for all entities by one year. As a result, this guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The anticipated impact of the adoption of this guidance on the Company’s consolidated financial statements is still being evaluated.

8


 

In November 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance that modifies the balance sheet classification for deferred tax liabilities and assets to be classified as noncurrent in a statement of financial position. This guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and allows for full retrospective adoption, with early adoption permitted. The Company has early adopted this guidance, as of January 30, 2016, which is reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance that modifies existing guidance for off-balance sheet treatment of a lessees’ operating leases. This guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after January 1, 2019 and allows for early adoption. The anticipated impact of the adoption of this guidance on the Company’s financial statements is still being evaluated.

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance that simplifies accounting for employee share-based payments. This guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and allows for early adoption. The anticipated impact of the adoption of this guidance on the Company’s financial statements is still being evaluated.

In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance that reduces the diversity in practice of the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments within the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and allows for early adoption. The anticipated impact of the adoption of this guidance on the Company’s financial statements is still being evaluated.

Correction of an Error

The Company has reclassified certain prior year immaterial amounts within operating and investing activities on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows to correct a prior period classification error. The Company assessed the materiality of this classification error for each quarterly and annual period in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99, Materiality, and determined that the classification error was immaterial to previously reported amounts contained in its periodic reports. The effect of recording this immaterial correction in the statements of cash flows for the six months ended August 1, 2015 was an addition to operating activities and a reduction to investing activities for $260.

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Company evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis, including those related to revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, impairment of long-lived assets, contingencies and litigation, stock-based compensation and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical and anticipated results, trends and various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, including expectations about future events. These estimates form the basis for making assumptions about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. By their nature, estimates are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased and money market funds purchased with an original maturity date of three months or less to be cash equivalents. At July 30, 2016 and January 30, 2016, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents exceeded Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) limits.

 

9


 

Revenue Recognition and Deferred Revenue

 

The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of a sale arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the buyer’s price is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured. Revenues from royalty and brand representation agreements are recognized when earned by applying contractual royalty rates to quarterly point of sale data received from the Company’s licensees. The Company's royalty recognition policy provides for recognition of royalties in the quarter earned.

The Company’s agreement with Target Corporation (“Target”) covering sales of Cherokee branded products in the U.S. accounts for the majority of the Company’s historical revenues and, for most such products, is structured to provide royalty rate reductions once certain cumulative levels of retail sales are achieved by Target. With respect to Target’s sales in the U.S. of Cherokee branded products other than in the school uniforms category and adult products sold on Target’s website, revenue is recognized by applying the reduced contractual royalty rates prospectively to point of sale data after defined sales thresholds are exceeded. The royalty rate reductions do not apply retroactively to sales since the beginning of the fiscal year. As a result, the Company’s historical royalty revenues as a percentage of Target’s retail sales in the U.S. are highest at the beginning of each fiscal year and decrease during the fiscal year as Target exceeds sales thresholds as set forth in the Company’s agreement with Target. The amount of Cherokee brand royalty revenue earned by the Company from Target in any quarter is dependent not only on Target’s retail sales of Cherokee branded products in the U.S. in each quarter, but also on the royalty rate then in effect after considering Target’s cumulative level of retail sales for most Cherokee branded products in the U.S. for the fiscal year. Historically, with Target, this has caused the Company to record its highest revenues and profits in its first quarter and its lowest revenues and profits in its fourth quarter. However, such historical patterns may vary in the future depending upon the terms of any new license agreements, retail sales volumes achieved in each quarter from Target and revenues the Company receives that are not subject to reduced royalty rates based upon cumulative sales.

Revenues from arrangements involving license fees, up-front payments and milestone payments, which are received or billable by the Company in connection with other rights and services that represent continuing obligations of the Company, are deferred and recognized in accordance with the license agreement. Deferred revenues also represent minimum licensee revenue royalties paid in advance of the culmination of the earnings process, the majority of which are non‑refundable to the licensee. Deferred revenues will be recognized as revenue in future periods in accordance with the license agreement.

Franchise revenues includes royalties and franchise fees. Royalties from franchisees are based on a percentage of net sales of the franchisee and are recognized as earned. Initial franchise fees are recorded as deferred revenue when received and are recognized as revenue when a franchised location commences operations, as all material services and conditions related to the franchise fee have been substantially performed upon the location opening. Renewal franchise fees are recognized as revenue when the franchise agreements are signed and the fee is paid, since there are no material services and conditions related to these franchise fees.

In order to ensure that Cherokee’s licensees and franchisees are appropriately reporting and calculating royalties owed to Cherokee, all of Cherokee’s license and franchise agreements include audit rights to allow Cherokee to validate the amount of the royalties paid. Any revenue resulting from these audits, or other audits, is recognized in the financial statements of the current reporting period.

Foreign Withholding Taxes

 

Licensing revenue is recognized gross of withholding taxes that are remitted by the Company’s licensees directly to their local tax authorities.

 

Deferred Financing Costs and Debt Discount

 

Deferred financing costs and debt discounts are capitalized and amortized into interest expense over the life of the debt.

 

10


 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

    

July 30, 2016

    

January 30, 2016

 

Computer Equipment

 

$

590

 

$

561

 

Software

 

 

79

 

 

79

 

Furniture and Fixtures

 

 

1,824

 

 

1,706

 

Leasehold Improvements

 

 

436

 

 

436

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(1,887)

 

 

(1,631)

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

$

1,042

 

$

1,151

 

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. The cost and related accumulated depreciation of property and equipment sold or retired are written off, and the resulting gains or losses are included in current operations. Depreciation is provided on a straight line basis over the estimated useful life of the related asset.

 

Computers and related equipment and software are depreciated over three years. Furniture and store fixtures are depreciated over the shorter of seven years, or the remaining term of the corresponding license agreement. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the shorter of five years, or the remaining life of the lease term. Depreciation expense was $129 and $256 for the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016, respectively, and $111 and $206 for the three and six month period ended August 1, 2015, respectively.

 

Earnings Per Share Computation (amounts in thousands, including share amounts)

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) computations for the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

    

July 30, 2016

    

August 1, 2015

    

July 30, 2016

    

August 1, 2015

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income-numerator for net income per common share and net income per common share assuming dilution

 

$

1,518

 

$

1,928

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for net income per common share — weighted average shares

 

 

8,723

 

 

8,691

 

 

8,722

 

 

8,631

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options

 

 

23

 

 

260

 

 

67

 

 

244

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for net income per common share, assuming dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted weighted average shares and assumed exercises

 

 

8,746

 

 

8,951

 

 

8,789

 

 

8,875

 

 

The computation for the diluted number of shares excludes unexercised stock options that are anti-dilutive. There were 1,014 and 702 shares underlying anti-dilutive stock options for the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016, respectively, and 193 and 129 shares underlying anti-dilutive stock options for the three and six month period ended August 1, 2015, respectively.

 

Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is similar to the computation for basic EPS except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued.

 

11


 

Significant Contracts

 

The terms of the Company’s relationship with Target are set forth in a restated license agreement with Target, which was entered into effective as of February 1, 2008 and amended (i) on January 31, 2013 to add the category of school uniforms, (ii) on April 3, 2013 to provide for a fixed royalty rate of 2% for sales of Cherokee branded products in the category of adult merchandise sold on Target’s website (target.com) beginning in Fiscal 2015 and (iii) on January 6, 2014 to reflect Target’s election to renew the agreement through January 31, 2017 and to provide that Target can renew the agreement for successive two (2) year periods, provided that it satisfies the minimum annual royalty payment of $10,500 for the preceding fiscal year (the “Restated Target Agreement”). The Restated Target Agreement grants Target the exclusive right in the United States to use the Cherokee trademarks in various specified categories of merchandise. In September 2015, Target informed the Company that the Restated Target Agreement would not be renewed and will terminate at the end of its current term, which expires January 31, 2017 (except with respect to Cherokee branded products in the school uniforms category will expire at the end of its current term on January 31, 2018). The Restated Target Agreement, including the existing royalty obligations, will remain in effect and continue to generate revenues to Cherokee until its expiration.

 

Under the terms of the Restated Target Agreement, Target’s minimum annual royalty payment is $10,500 and applies to all sales made by Target in the United States, other than sales of Cherokee branded products in the school uniforms category (which products are subject to a separate minimum annual royalty payment of $800). Under the Restated Target Agreement, Target has agreed to pay royalties based on a percentage of Target’s net sales of Cherokee branded merchandise during each fiscal year, which percentage varies according to the volume of sales of merchandise other than sales of Cherokee branded products in the school uniforms category and, beginning in Fiscal 2015, other than sales of Cherokee branded products in the adult merchandise category that are made on Target’s website. The Company assumed a separate license agreement with Target for the Liz Lange brand in connection with the Company’s acquisition of the applicable assets in September 2012. The Company’s relationship with Target for the Liz Lange brand has been renewed through January 31, 2018.

 

In connection with the acquisition of the “Hawk” and “Tony Hawk” signature apparel brands and related trademarks in January 2014, Cherokee and Kohl’s Illinois, Inc. (“Kohl’s”) entered into an amended license agreement. Pursuant to the license agreement, Kohl’s is granted the exclusive right to sell Tony Hawk and Hawk branded apparel and related products in the United States for a four-year term and has agreed to pay Cherokee an annual royalty rate for its sales of Hawk branded signature apparel and related products in the United States, subject to a minimum annual royalty payment of $4,800.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Effective July 16, 2013, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan, and effective June 6, 2016, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of such plan (as amended and restated, the “2013 Plan”). The 2013 Plan serves as the successor to the 2006 Incentive Award Plan (which includes the 2003 Incentive Award Plan as amended by the adoption of the 2006 Incentive Award Plan) (the “2006 Plan”). The 2013 Plan authorizes to be issued (i) 1,200,000 additional shares of common stock, and (ii) 121,484 shares of common stock previously reserved but unissued under the 2006 Plan. No future grants will be awarded under the 2006 Plan, but outstanding awards previously granted under the 2006 Plan continue to be governed by its terms. Any shares of common stock that are subject to outstanding awards under the 2006 Plan which are forfeited, terminate or expire unexercised and would otherwise have been returned to the share reserve under the 2006 Plan will be available for issuance as common stock under the 2013 Plan. The 2013 Plan provides for the issuance of equity-based awards to officers, other employees, and directors.

 

12


 

Stock Options

 

Stock options issued to employees are granted at the market price on the date of grant, generally vest over a three-year period, and generally expire seven to ten years from the date of grant. The Company issues new shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options. The Company has also granted non-plan stock options to certain executives as a material inducement for employment. The Company accounts for stock options under authoritative guidance, which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based payment awards made to employees and directors based on estimated fair values.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense over the requisite service period in the consolidated statements of income. The compensation expense recognized for all stock-based awards is net of estimated forfeitures over the award’s service period.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses for stock options for the Second Quarter and Six Months was $254 and $550, as compared to $276 and $455 for the second quarter and six months ended August 1, 2015.

 

A summary of activity for the Company’s stock options for the Six Months is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remaining

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Contractual

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

Term

 

Intrinsic

 

 

    

Shares

    

Price

    

(in years)

    

Value

 

Outstanding, at January 30, 2016

 

1,113,003

 

$

17.50

 

4.06

 

1,339

 

Granted

 

18,000

 

$

12.24

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled/forfeited

 

(667)

 

$

15.20

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, at July 30, 2016

 

1,130,336

 

$

17.42

 

3.61

 

 —

 

Vested and Exercisable at July 30, 2016

 

804,156

 

$

16.43

 

2.86

 

 —

 

 

As of July 30, 2016, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options was approximately $1,562, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.78 years. The total fair value of all options that vested during the Six Months was $1,197.  

 

Performance Stock Units and Restricted Stock Units

 

In April 2016, the Compensation Committee of the Company’s board of directors granted certain performance-based equity awards, which are sometimes referred to as performance stock units, to executives under the 2013 Plan.

 

The performance metric applicable to such awards is compound stock price growth, using the closing price of the Company’s common stock on April 5, 2016, or $16.89, as the benchmark. The target growth rate is 10% annually, which results in an average share price target of (i) $18.58 for Fiscal 2017, (ii) $20.44 for Fiscal 2018 and (iii) $22.48 for Fiscal 2019. The average share price will be calculated as the average of all market closing prices during the January preceding the applicable fiscal year end. If a target is met at the end of a fiscal year, one third of the shares subject to the award will vest. If the stock price target is not met at the end of a fiscal year, the relevant portion of the shares subject to the award will not vest but will roll over to the following fiscal year. The executive must continue to be employed by the Company through the relevant vesting dates to be eligible for vesting.

 

13


 

Since the vesting of these performance-based equity awards is subject to market based performance conditions, the fair value of these awards was measured on the date of grant using the Monte Carlo simulation model for each vesting tranche. The Monte Carlo simulation model utilizes multiple input variables that determine the probability of satisfying the performance conditions stipulated in the award and calculates the fair market value for the performance stock units granted. The Monte Carlo simulation model also uses stock price volatility and other variables to estimate the probability of satisfying the performance conditions and the resulting fair value of the award.

 

Stock-based compensation expense for restricted stock units and performance stock units for the Second Quarter and Six Months was $363 and $703 compared to $334 and $488 for the second quarter and six months ended August 1, 2015.

 

A summary of activity for the Company’s restricted stock units and performance stock units for the Six Months is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Number of

 

Grant-Date

 

 

    

Shares

    

Fair Value

 

Unvested stock at January 30, 2016

 

196,500

 

$

21.67

 

Granted

 

19,500

 

$

10.31

 

Vested

 

(63,831)

 

$

21.25

 

Forfeited

 

(5,000)

 

$

17.81

 

Unvested stock at July 30, 2016

 

147,169

 

$

20.48

 

 

As of July 30, 2016, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock units and performance stock units was approximately $2,618, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.86 years.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company holds various trademarks including Cherokee®, Liz Lange®, Completely Me by Liz Lange®, Hawk®, Tony Hawk®, Everyday California®, Flip Flop Shops®, Sideout®, Sideout Sport®, Carole Little®, Saint Tropez-West®, Chorus Line®, All That Jazz®, and others, in connection with numerous categories of apparel and other goods. These trademarks are registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and corresponding government agencies in a number of other countries. The Company also holds trademark applications for Cherokee, Liz Lange, Completely Me by Liz Lange, Hawk, Tony Hawk, Everyday California, Flip Flop Shops, Sideout, Sideout Sport, Carole Little, Saint Tropez-West, Chorus Line, All That Jazz, and others in numerous countries. The Company intends to renew these registrations, as appropriate, prior to expiration. The Company monitors on an ongoing basis unauthorized uses of the Company’s trademarks, and relies primarily upon a combination of trademark, copyright, know-how, trade secrets, and contractual restrictions to protect the Company’s intellectual property rights both domestically and internationally.

Trademark registration and renewal fees are capitalized and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Trademark acquisitions are capitalized and are either amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, or are capitalized as indefinite-lived assets, if no legal, regulatory, contractual, competitive, economic, or other factors limit their useful lives to Cherokee. Trademarks are evaluated for the possibility of impairment at least annually or when events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment.

Franchise agreements have been treated as finite-lived and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the agreements. Franchise agreements are evaluated for the possibility of impairment at least annually or when events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment.

Goodwill is evaluated for the possibility of impairment at least annually or when events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment.

14


 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

    

July 30, 2016

    

January 30, 2016

 

Acquired Trademarks

 

$

60,754

 

$

60,754

 

Other Trademarks

 

 

8,742

 

 

8,717

 

Franchise Agreements

 

 

1,300

 

 

1,300

 

Goodwill

 

 

100

 

 

100

 

Total Intangible Assets, gross

 

 

70,896

 

 

70,871

 

Accumulated amortization

 

 

(18,129)

 

 

(17,676)

 

Total Intangible Assets, net

 

$

52,767

 

$

53,195

 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Authoritative guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value into three broad levels as follows:

 

Level 1:  Observable inputs, such as quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets

 

Level 2:  Other inputs that are observable directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities or market-corroborated inputs

 

Level 3:  Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require the owner of the assets or liabilities to develop its own assumptions about how market participants would price these assets or liabilities

 

The carrying amount of receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. Long-term debt approximates fair value due to the variable rate nature of the debt.

 

The realizability of long-lived assets is evaluated periodically as events or circumstances indicate a possible inability to recover the carrying amount. Long-lived assets that will no longer be used in the business are written off in the period identified since they will no longer generate any positive cash flows for the Company. Periodically, long-lived assets that will continue to be used by the Company need to be evaluated for recoverability when events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment. Such evaluation is based on various analyses, including cash flow and profitability projections. The analyses involve management judgment. In the event the projected undiscounted cash flows are less than the net book value of the assets, the carrying value of the assets will be written down to their estimated fair value, in accordance with authoritative guidance. The estimated undiscounted cash flows used for this nonrecurring fair value measurement are considered a Level 3 input, which consist of unobservable inputs that reflect assumptions about how market participants would price the asset or liability. These inputs would be based on the best information available, including the Company’s own data.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense of $926 was recognized for the Second Quarter, resulting in an effective tax rate of 37.9% in the Second Quarter, as compared to 35.1% in the second quarter of Fiscal 2016 and compared to 34.1% for the full year of Fiscal 2016. The effective tax rate for the Second Quarter differs from the statutory rate due to the effect of certain permanent nondeductible expenses, the apportionment of income among state jurisdictions, and the benefit of certain tax credits.

 

15


 

In accordance with authoritative guidance, interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits are included within the provision for taxes in the consolidated statements of income. The total amount of interest and penalties recognized in the consolidated statements of income for the Second Quarter was $0 as compared with $5 in the second quarter of Fiscal 2016. As of July 30, 2016 and January 30, 2016, the total amount of accrued interest and penalties included in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $0.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal and California and certain other state jurisdictions. For federal income tax purposes, the fiscal 2013 and later tax years remain open for examination by the tax authorities under the normal three year statute of limitations. For state tax purposes, the fiscal 2012 and later tax years remain open for examination by the tax authorities under a four year statute of limitations.

 

Marketing and Advertising

 

Generally, the Company’s licensees fund their own advertising programs. Cherokee’s marketing, advertising and promotional costs were approximately $558 and $730 for the six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015, respectively. These costs are expensed as incurred and were accounted for as selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

The Company provides marketing expense money to certain large licensees based upon sales criteria to help them build the Company’s licensed brands in their respective territories, thus providing an identifiable benefit to Cherokee. The amounts paid for such marketing expenses during the six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015 were approximately $281 and $332, respectively, and are included in the Company’s total marketing, advertising and promotional costs.

 

Deferred Rent and Lease Incentives

 

When a lease includes lease incentives (such as a rent abatement) or requires fixed escalations of the minimum lease payments, rental expense is recognized on a straight‑line basis over the term of the lease and the difference between the average rental amount charged to expense and amounts payable under the lease is included in deferred rent and lease incentives in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. For leasehold allowances, the Company records a deferred lease credit on the consolidated balance sheets and amortizes the deferred lease credit as a reduction of rent expense in the consolidated statements of income over the term of the lease.

Comprehensive Income

 

Authoritative guidance establishes standards for reporting comprehensive income and its components in financial statements. Comprehensive income, as defined, includes all changes in equity (net assets) during a period from non-owner sources. For the three and six months ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015, the Company had no comprehensive income components and accordingly, net income equals comprehensive income.

 

Treasury Stock

 

Repurchased shares of the Company’s common stock are held as treasury shares until they are reissued or retired. When the Company reissues treasury stock, and the proceeds from the sale exceed the average price that was paid by the Company to acquire the shares, the Company records such excess as an increase in additional paid-in capital.

 

Conversely, if the proceeds from the sale are less than the average price the Company paid to acquire the shares, the Company records such difference as a decrease in additional paid-in capital to the extent of increases previously recorded, with the balance recorded as a decrease in retained earnings.

 

Additionally, if treasury stock is retired, the excess of repurchase price over par value is recorded as a decrease in retained earnings.

 

 

 

16


 

(3)   Debt

 

Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase

 

On September 4, 2012, Cherokee and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan”) entered into a credit agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”), which was amended on January 31, 2013 in connection with the Company’s acquisition of rights related to the Cherokee brand in the school uniforms category, was further amended on January 10, 2014 in connection with the Company’s acquisition of the Hawk and Tony Hawk brands, was further amended on October 13, 2015 in connection with the Company’s acquisition of the Flip Flop Shops trademark, brand name and franchisee relationships and was further amended on May 27, 2016 to extend the maturity dates of the amounts owed under the Credit Agreement and to permit the Company to make stock repurchases in an aggregate amount not to exceed $1,000 without obtaining JPMorgan’s prior consent.

 

As of July 30, 2016, Cherokee’s total borrowings under the Credit Agreement totaled approximately $19,000  and are evidenced by: (i) a term note that was originally issued as of September 4, 2012 (as amended, the “2013 Term Note”), which was issued in the principal amount of $16,600 and of which approximately $4,431 was outstanding as of July 30, 2016; (ii) a term note that was originally issued as of January 10, 2014 (as amended, the “2014 Term Note”), which was issued in the principal amount of $19,000 and of which approximately $9,816 was outstanding as of July 30, 2016; (iii) a term note that was originally issued October 13, 2015 (as amended, the “2015 Term Note” and, together with the 2013 Term Note and the 2014 Term Note, the “Term Notes”), which was issued in the principal amount of $6,000 and of which approximately $5,100 was outstanding as of July 30, 2016, which provides Cherokee with a revolving line of credit in the principal amount of $2,000, none of which was outstanding as of July 30, 2016. Pursuant to amendments to the Credit Agreement, the Term Notes and the Revolver dated May 27, 2016, the maturity dates thereof were amended as follows: (i) the maturity date of the 2013 Term Note is August 31, 2017; (ii) the maturity date of the 2014 Term Note is December 31, 2018; (iii) the maturity date of the 2015 Term Note is October 13, 2020; and (iv) if any amounts are outstanding thereunder, the maturity date of the Revolver is June 30, 2017. The principal outstanding under each Term Note is to be repaid on a quarterly basis in equal principal installments, with any remaining principal balance due on the maturity date of the Term Note. The Term Notes bear interest equal to either: (i) an adjusted annual LIBOR rate reset monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly, plus 2.75% or 3.00% depending on the applicable senior funded debt ratio or (ii) JPMorgan’s annual prime rate or such annual prime rate plus 0.25% depending on the applicable senior funded debt ratio, with a floor equal to the 1 month LIBOR rate plus 2.5%. Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the definition of “senior funded debt ratio” requires that Cherokee not exceed a ratio equal to (i) 2.25 to 1.00 until the fiscal quarter ending January 31, 2016, and (ii) 2.00 to 1.00 thereafter.

 

Consistent with the existing terms of the Credit Agreement, the amounts owed thereunder are secured by continuing security agreements, trademark security agreements and continuing guarantees executed by Cherokee and its subsidiaries, as applicable. In addition, the Credit Agreement includes various restrictions and covenants regarding the operation of Cherokee’s business, including covenants that require Cherokee to obtain JPMorgan’s consent in certain circumstances before Cherokee can: (i) incur additional indebtedness, (ii) make acquisitions, mergers or consolidations in excess of $5,000 on an aggregate basis, (iii) issue any equity securities other than pursuant to Cherokee’s employee equity incentive plans or programs or (iv) repurchase or redeem any outstanding shares of common stock, other than stock repurchases in an aggregate amount not to exceed $1,000 or pay dividends or other distributions, other than stock dividends, to Cherokee’s stockholders. The Credit Agreement also imposes financial covenants, including: (i) a minimum “fixed charge coverage ratio” of at least 1.2 to 1.0 and (ii) a limitation of Cherokee’s “senior funded debt ratio” as described above. Further, Cherokee has granted a security interest in favor of JPMorgan in all of Cherokee’s assets (including trademarks) as collateral for the amounts borrowed under the Credit Agreement. As of July 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with its financial and other covenants under the Credit Agreement. If an event of default occurs under the Credit Agreement that is not forborne, cured or waived in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, JPMorgan has the right to terminate its obligations under the Credit Agreement, accelerate the payment on any unpaid balance of the Credit Agreement and exercise any other rights it may have, including foreclosing on our assets under the related security agreements.  

 

 

17


 

(4)   Commitments and Contingencies

 

Trademark Indemnities

 

Cherokee indemnifies certain customers against liability arising from third- party claims of intellectual property rights infringement related to the Company’s trademarks. These indemnities appear in the licensing agreements with the Company’s customers, are not limited in amount or duration and generally survive the expiration of the contracts. Given that the amount of any potential liabilities related to such indemnities cannot be determined until an infringement claim has been made, the Company is unable to determine the range of estimated losses that it could incur related to such indemnifications.

 

Litigation Reserves

 

Estimated amounts for claims that are probable and can be reasonably estimated are recorded as liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The likelihood of a material change in these estimated reserves would be dependent on new claims as they may arise and the expected probable favorable or unfavorable outcome of each claim. As additional information becomes available, the Company assesses the potential liability related to new claims and existing claims and revises estimates as appropriate. As new claims arise or existing claims evolve, such revisions in estimates of the potential liability could materially impact the Company’s results of operations and financial position. The Company may also be involved in various other claims and other matters incidental to the Company’s business, the resolution of which is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. No material amounts were accrued as of July 30, 2016 or January 30, 2016 related to any of the Company’s legal proceedings.

18


 

 

(5)   Segment Reporting

 

Authoritative guidance requires public companies to report financial and descriptive information about their reportable operating segments. The Company identifies reportable segments based on how management internally evaluates financial information, business activities and management responsibility.

 

The Company operates in a single business segment, the marketing and licensing of brand names and trademarks for apparel, footwear and accessories. Cherokee’s marketing and licensing activities extend to brands that the Company owns and to brands owned by others. Cherokee’s operating activities relating to owned and represented brands are identical and are performed by a single group of marketing professionals. While Cherokee’s principal operations are in the United States, the Company also derives royalty revenues from the Company’s international licensees and franchisees. Revenues by geographic area based upon the licensees’ country of domicile consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

(amounts in thousands)

    

July 30, 2016

    

August 1, 2015

    

July 30, 2016

    

August 1, 2015

 

U.S. and Canada

 

$

5,869

 

$

6,069

 

$

13,990

 

$

13,809

 

Asia

 

 

1,092

 

 

936

 

 

2,194

 

 

1,805

 

Latin America

 

 

621

 

 

608

 

 

1,175

 

 

1,153

 

United Kingdom and Europe

 

 

63

 

 

107

 

 

218

 

 

511

 

All Others

 

 

828

 

 

762

 

 

1,574

 

 

1,434

 

Total

 

$

8,473

 

$

8,482

 

$

19,151

 

$

18,712

 

 

Long-lived tangible assets were located in the U.S., United Kingdom, Mexico and Asia with net values of approximately $774, $36, $202 and $30, respectively, as of July 30, 2016 and with net values of approximately $818, $54, $234 and $44, respectively, as of January 30, 2016.

 

(6) Stock Repurchases

 

Pursuant to the approval of our board of directors (“Board of Directors”), during the Second Quarter we repurchased and retired 60,082 shares of our common stock in open market transactions at a weighted average purchase price of $12.24 and for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $735. 

19


 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (this “MD&A”) should be read together with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in this report. For additional context with which to understand our financial condition and results of operations, refer to the MD&A for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2016 contained in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on April 14, 2016, as well as the consolidated financial statements and notes contained therein (collectively, our “Annual Report”).  In addition to historical information, this MD&A contains forward-looking statements based upon our current views, expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ substantially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including, among others, the risks described in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report. In preparing this MD&A, we presume that readers have access to and have read the MD&A in our Annual Report pursuant to Instruction 2 to paragraph (b) of Item 303 of Regulation S-K. We undertake no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date we file this report to conform such forward-looking statements to actual results or revised expectations, except as otherwise required by law.

 

As used in this MD&A and elsewhere in this report, “Cherokee”, the “Company”, “we”, “us” and “our” refer to Cherokee Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context indicates or requires otherwise. Additionally, as used herein, the term “First Quarter” refers to the three months ended April 30, 2016; the term “Second Quarter” refers to the three months ended July 30, 2016; the term “Six Months” refers to the six months ended July 30, 2016; the term “Fiscal 2017” refers to the fiscal year ending January 28, 2017; the term “Fiscal 2016” refers to the fiscal year ending January 30, 2016; and the term “Fiscal 2015” refers to fiscal year ended January 31, 2015

 

We have a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Saturday nearest to January 31, which aligns us with our retail licensees who generally also operate and plan using such a fiscal year. This results in a 53-week fiscal year approximately every four or five years. Each of Fiscal 2016 and Fiscal 2017 is a 52-week fiscal year.  Certain of our international licensees report royalties to us for quarterly and annual periods that may differ from ours. We do not believe that the varying quarterly or annual period ending dates of our international licensees have a material impact upon our reported financial results, as these international licensees maintain comparable annual periods in which they report retail sales and royalties to us on a year-to-year basis.

 

We own the registered trademarks or trademark applications for Cherokee®, Liz Lange®, Completely Me by Liz Lange®, Hawk®, Tony Hawk®, Everyday California®, Flip Flop Shops®, Sideout®, Sideout Sport®, Carole Little®, Saint Tropez-West®, Chorus Line®, All That Jazz®, and others. All other trademarks, trade names and service marks included in this MD&A or elsewhere in this report are the property of their respective owners.

 

Overview

Cherokee is a global marketer and manager of a portfolio of fashion and lifestyle brands it owns or represents, licensing the Cherokee, Liz Lange, Completely Me by Liz Lange, Hawk, Tony Hawk, Sideout, Carole Little, Everyday California and Flip Flop Shops and related trademarks and other brands in multiple consumer product categories and sectors. We are one of the leading global licensors of style focused lifestyle brands for apparel, footwear, home products and accessories. As part of our business strategy, we frequently evaluate other brands and trademarks for acquisition into our portfolio. We enter into license agreements with recognizable retail partners in their respective global locations to provide them the rights to design, manufacture and sell products bearing our brands and to provide them our proprietary 360-degree platform. We refer to this strategy as our “Direct to Retail” or “DTR” licensing model. We have also entered into wholesale arrangements for the manufacture and sale of products bearing certain of our brands, including eight new wholesale arrangements with distributors and anticipate they will begin selling product at retail bearing our Cherokee brand at retail in the United States in early Fiscal 2018. In addition, we have franchise relationships for the Flip Flop Shops brand with franchisees that operate Flip Flop Shops retail stores located worldwide.

20


 

We believe our retail responsiveness process and 360-degree unique value proposition have allowed us to address the growing power of the consumer and the present and future needs of the retailers that are selling our portfolio of lifestyle brands. Based on consumer research, retail insights and brand insights that we continually measure, evaluate and incorporate into our 360-degree platform, we believe we have become a key strategic partner to our licensees. As of July 30, 2016, we had forty effective license agreements covering domestic and international markets, twenty-two of which pertained to the Cherokee brand.

We derive revenues primarily from licensing our trademarks to retailers all over the world. Our current retail licensee relationships cover over fifty countries and include relationships with Target Corporation (“Target”), Kohl’s Illinois, Inc. (“Kohl’s”), RT Mart, Comercial Mexicana, TJ Maxx, Tottus, Pick N Pay, Argos, Nishimatsuya, Walmart Canada and Sears Canada. Our two most significant licensees are Target and Kohl’s.

Recent Developments

 

Stock Repurchases

 

Pursuant to the approval of our board of directors (“Board of Directors”), during the Second Quarter we repurchased and retired 60,082 shares of our common stock in open market transactions at a weighted average purchase price of $12.24 and for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $735,000.

 

Extension of Credit Facility

 

On May 27, 2016, we amended our credit facility with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan”) to (i) amend the maturity dates of the three existing term notes issued under the credit facility to various maturity dates beginning in August 2017 and ending in October 2020, (ii) amend the maturity date of a line of credit note issued under the credit facility, under which no amounts have been borrowed to June 2017 and (iii) permit us to make stock repurchases in an aggregate amount not to exceed $1.0 million without obtaining JPMorgan’s prior consent. See Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report for further information about our credit facility with JPMorgan.

 

New Licensee Partners

 

During the Six Months, we have acquired new licensees for our brands in the United States in an effort to expand our portfolio of licensee partners. Below is a discussion of representative license agreements that we entered into in the Six Months:

 

Cherokee

 

In the Six Months, we entered into license agreements with eight wholesale distributors to distribute a variety of categories of products bearing the Cherokee brand within the U.S. to various retailers beginning in Fiscal 2018. The categories cover a wide range of Cherokee products including men’s and boy’s casual sportswear, sweaters and outerwear; newborn, infant and toddler boys and girls clothing and layette; girl’s active wear, sportswear, dresses, denim, and sweaters; and swimwear and sleepwear.

 

We believe these agreements signal a significant shift in our future strategy for sales of products bearing the Cherokee brand in the U.S., which currently and in the past has been governed by license arrangements using our Direct to Retail licensing model and which, commencing in early Fiscal 2018 will be governed by our new wholesale arrangements with distributors as they begin selling product at retail bearing our Cherokee brand. Our new wholesale arrangements for the Cherokee brand in the U.S. consist of multiple license agreements at higher royalty rates as compared to one license agreement with Target at a lower and declining, tiered royalty rate but a higher minimum annual royalty obligation. Our shift to a wholesale licensing model for sales in the U.S. of Cherokee-branded products exposes us to a number of risks. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors”, for additional information.

 

21


 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

There has been no material change to our critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in our Annual Report.

 

This MD&A is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Management bases its estimates on historical and anticipated results, trends and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, including expectations about future events. These estimates form the basis for making assumptions about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. By their nature, estimates are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.

 

We consider accounting policies relating to the following areas to be both those most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and those that require the most subjective judgment:

 

·

Allowance for doubtful accounts;

 

·

Revenue recognition and deferred revenue;

 

·

Provision for income taxes and deferred taxes;

 

·

Valuation and impairment of long-lived assets;

 

·

Contingencies and litigation; and

 

·

Accounting for stock-based compensation.

 

You should refer to our Annual Report for a discussion of our policies on revenue recognition, deferred taxes, impairment of long-lived assets, contingencies and litigation and accounting for stock-based compensation.

 

See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in this report for a description of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

Results of Operations

 

The table below sets forth certain of our consolidated financial data for the periods indicated. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in the current period or in future periods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three Months ended

    

Three Months ended

 

Six Months Ended

    

Six Months Ended

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

Royalty revenues

 

$

8,473

 

$

8,482

 

$

19,151

 

$

18,712

 

Selling, general and, administrative expenses

 

 

5,942

 

 

5,342

 

 

12,344

 

 

9,782

 

Operating income

 

 

2,531

 

 

3,140

 

 

6,807

 

 

8,930

 

Interest expense and other expense, net

 

 

(87)

 

 

(167)

 

 

(284)

 

 

(342)

 

Income tax provision

 

 

926

 

 

1,045

 

 

2,424

 

 

3,087

 

Net income

 

$

1,518

 

$

1,928

 

$

4,099

 

$

5,501

 

 

22


 

Revenues

 

In the three and six month periods ended July 30, 2016, our revenues totaled $8.5 and $19.2 million, respectively, compared to $8.5 and $18.7 million in the three and six month periods ended August 1, 2015. Revenue between periods remained relatively flat. During the quarter, the Cherokee brand saw increased royalty revenues, particularly in South America, India, the Middle East, South Africa and Asia as the demand for Cherokee-branded product continues to grow. These increases offset a decrease in North American royalties as we transition from Target to our new wholesale licensing partners.  Revenues for the Second Quarter and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015 were primarily generated from licensing our trademarks to retailers and, to a lesser extent, to wholesalers, our share of licensing revenues from brand representation licensing agreements with other brand owners and franchise fees and royalty revenues received from franchisees of our Flip Flop Shops brand.

 

Total worldwide retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand totaled approximately $254 and $579 million and $302 and $632 million in the second quarter and six month periods ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015, respectively.

 

We anticipate that our Flip Flop Shops brand contribution as a percentage of total revenues will increase in future periods as additional shops open. We anticipate revenues will fluctuate depending upon the number of shops opened both domestically and internationally in any given period, as well as royalty fluctuations based on seasonal demand, brand offerings, promotions and number of shops open.

In the six month period ended July 30, 2016, we entered into several new wholesale licensing arrangements covering sales of products bearing our Cherokee brand in the U.S. We anticipate that these wholesale licensing arrangements will help to diversify our sources of revenue and licensee or other partner relationships and provide additional avenues to obtain brand recognition and grow our Company. For further discussion on wholesale licensing arrangements, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors”.

Because we do not have direct oversight over our licensees and franchisees, we may not have all the information necessary to determine or predict the specific reasons why revenue may increase or decrease in any given period. Given our contractual royalty rate reductions as certain sales volume thresholds are achieved for Cherokee branded products in various product categories in the U.S., historically, this has caused the Company to record its highest revenues and profits in its first quarter and its lowest revenues and profits in its fourth quarter. However, such historical patterns may vary in the future depending upon the terms of any new license agreements, retail sales volumes achieved in each quarter from Target and revenues the Company receives that are not subject to reduced royalty rates based upon cumulative sales. In Fiscal 2018, and in future fiscal years, we do not anticipate this trend to continue due to the expiration of the Target license agreement at the end of Fiscal 2017. As a result, beginning in Fiscal 2018 we will no longer be subject to royalty rate reductions over the course of the year for sales of our Cherokee branded products in the U.S., as our new wholesale license agreements covering these products include a fixed royalty rate that is consistent throughout the year and typically have their highest wholesales in our fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Typically, U.S. wholesalers and retailers have their highest sales in the fourth quarter for the holiday season.

 

During Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2016, Target reached its annual minimum guarantee in the third quarter of each respective year. Due to the expiration of the Target license agreement at the end of Fiscal 2017, Target has started to transition sales of the Cherokee brand as we approach the expiration of this license agreement in January 2017. Cherokee-brand royalties earned by Target during the first half of Fiscal 2017 were $8.6 million with an annual minimum guarantee of $10.5 million, for which the balance will be recorded during the third and fourth quarters of Fiscal 2017. As a result, we will have declining and/or minimal revenues from Target in the third and fourth quarters of Fiscal 2017. However, we anticipate that we will record revenue in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2017 from our new wholesale arrangements with our domestic licensees for Cherokee branded products as they will begin delivering products to retailers during the fourth quarter, with our new retailer partnerships selling these products commencing in early Fiscal 2018. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors”, for additional information such as the risk of replacing Target’s royalty payments for Cherokee branded products on a long-term basis will be a significant challenge.

 

23


 

Revenues By Brand

 

The following table sets forth our revenues by brand for the three and six months ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

 

(amounts in thousands, except percentages)

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

 

Royalty Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

  

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

 

 

Cherokee Brand Royalty Revenues

 

$

6,022

 

71

%  

$

6,148

 

72

%

 

$

14,224

 

74

%  

$

14,092

 

75

%

 

Hawk Brand Royalty Revenues

 

 

1,200

 

14

%  

 

1,335

 

16

%

 

 

2,407

 

13

%  

 

2,550

 

14

%

 

Liz Lange Brand Royalty Revenues

 

 

613

 

7

%  

 

729

 

9

%

 

 

1,258

 

7

%  

 

1,400

 

8

%

 

Flip Flop Shops Brand Royalty Revenues

 

 

443

 

5

%  

 

 —

 

 —

%

 

 

799

 

4

%  

 

 —

 

 —

%

 

All Other Brand Revenues

 

 

195

 

3

%  

 

270

 

3

%

 

 

463

 

2

%  

 

670

 

3

%

 

Total Royalty Revenues

 

$

8,473

 

100

%  

$

8,482

 

100

%

 

$

19,151

 

100

%  

$

18,712

 

100

%

 

 

Geographic Revenues

 

The following table sets forth our geographic licensing revenues for the three and six months ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

 

July 30, 2016

 

August 1, 2015

 

 

(amounts in thousands, except percentages)

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

    

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

 

Royalty

 

% of Total

    

Royalty

 

% of Total

 

 

Geographic Royalty Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

 

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

    

Revenue

 

 

U.S. and Canada

 

$

5,869

 

69

%  

$

6,069

 

72

%

 

$

13,990

 

73

%  

$

13,809

 

74

%

 

Asia

 

 

1,092

 

13

%  

 

936

 

11

%

 

 

2,194

 

12

%  

 

1,805

 

9

%

 

Latin America

 

 

621

 

7

%  

 

608

 

7

%  

 

 

1,175

 

6

%  

 

1,153

 

6

%

 

United Kingdom and Europe

 

 

63

 

1

%  

 

107

 

1

%

 

 

218

 

1

%  

 

511

 

3

%

 

All others

 

 

828

 

10

%  

 

762

 

9

%

 

 

1,574

 

8

%  

 

1,434

 

8

%

 

Total Royalty Revenues

 

$

8,473

 

100

%  

$

8,482

 

100

%

 

$

19,151

 

100

%  

$

18,712

 

100

%

 

 

U.S. and Canada

 

Our largest licensees in the U.S. generally are Target and Kohl’s, which together contributed 51% and 58% of our consolidated revenues for the Second Quarter and the Six Months, respectively and 49% and 61% of our consolidated revenues for the second quarter and first six months of Fiscal 2016. In Canada, we transitioned from Target Canada to Sears Canada for our Cherokee and Liz Lange brands.

 

Target. Currently, Target has the exclusive rights to Cherokee branded product for all product categories in the U.S. and has approximately 1,800 stores in the U.S. Retail sales of Cherokee branded products at Target in the U.S. were lower in the Second Quarter at approximately $185 million, down from $230 million in the second quarter of Fiscal 2016. Target pays royalty revenues to us based on a percentage of its sales of Cherokee branded products pursuant to our license agreement with Target. The license agreement is structured to provide royalty rate reductions for Target after it has achieved certain levels of retail sales of Cherokee branded products in certain product categories in the U.S. during each fiscal year. Target also pays fixed royalty rates for Target’s sales of Cherokee branded products in the adult merchandise category that are made by Target through its website (target.com) and sales of Cherokee branded products in the category of school uniforms. In addition, Target pays a fixed percentage of net sales of products bearing the Liz Lange brand in the U.S.

Under the terms of the license agreement with Target, the minimum annual royalty payment from Target is $10.5 million, which applies to all sales of Cherokee branded products made by Target in the United States other than sales of Cherokee branded products in the school uniforms category (which products are subject to a separate minimum annual royalty payment of $0.8 million).

 

24


 

Royalty revenues from our Cherokee brand at Target, excluding sales of Cherokee branded products in Canada and Cherokee branded products sold in the school uniforms category, were $3.0 million and $8.2 million in the Second Quarter and Six Months, respectively, which accounted for 35% and 43%, of our consolidated revenues for the respective periods. Royalty revenues from our Cherokee brand at Target, excluding sales of Cherokee branded products in Canada and Cherokee branded products sold in the school uniforms category, were $3.6 million and $9.0 million for the second quarter and six months of last year, respectively, which accounted for 43%, and 48% of our consolidated revenues for the respective periods.

 

The decrease in royalties is due to the expiration of the Target license agreement at the end of Fiscal 2017 as Target has started to transition sales of the Cherokee brand as we approach the expiration of this license agreement in January 2017. We expect that Target will continue to transition Cherokee branded product throughout Fiscal 2017 to no less than its annual minimum guarantee of $10.5, for which the balance will be recorded during the third and fourth quarter of Fiscal 2017.

 

Our license agreement with Target for most Cherokee branded products will expire on January 31, 2017. Our license agreement with Target covering sales of Cherokee branded products in the school uniforms category will expire at the end of its current term on January 31, 2018, and will continue to generate revenues to Cherokee until its expiration. Our relationship with Target for the Liz Lange brand has been renewed through January 31, 2018.

 

Kohl’s. Kohl’s currently has approximately 1,200 stores in the United States. Kohl’s pays royalty revenues to us based on a percentage of its sales of Hawk and Tony Hawk branded products pursuant to our license agreement with Kohl’s. The minimum annual royalty payment applicable to our license agreement with Kohl’s for the Hawk and Tony Hawk brands is $4.8 million, which applies to all sales of Hawk and Tony Hawk branded products in the U.S.

 

Because retail sales did not exceed the contractual minimum guarantees, royalty revenues from our Hawk brand at Kohl’s remained flat at $1.2 million and $2.4 million in the Second Quarter and Six Months, respectively, which accounted for 14% and 13% of our consolidated revenues for the respective periods.

 

United Kingdom and Europe

 

We have a number of licensees with rights to our brands in various European countries. One of our more significant European licensees is Argos, a subsidiary of Home Retail Group plc, which launched a broad assortment of Cherokee lifestyle products online, in catalogs and in more than 750 Argos stores across the United Kingdom and Ireland in late July 2015. Revenues from Argos began during the third quarter of Fiscal 2016.

 

Latin America, Asia and Others

 

Our other international royalty revenues are generated from licensees in Japan, China, Mexico, South Africa, Peru, Chile, India, and other territories. Other international royalty revenues in the Second Quarter increased to $2.7 million from $2.4 million in the second quarter of Fiscal 2016, representing a 10.5% increase. Other international royalty revenues in the Six Months increased to $5.2 million from $4.9 million in the first six months of Fiscal 2016, representing a 5.3% increase. The increase was principally due to strength in the Japanese market. In local currencies, the majority of our international licensees had growth in retail sales for the Six Months.

 

The majority of our international licensees are required to pay the royalty revenues owed to us in U.S. dollars. As a consequence, any weakening of the U.S. dollar benefits us in that the total royalty revenues reported from our international licensees increases when the dollar weakens against such foreign currencies. Conversely, any strengthening of the U.S. dollar against an international licensee’s foreign currency results in lower royalty revenues from such licensee. As the U.S. dollar strengthened slightly, the estimated cumulative effect on our revenues of changes to applicable foreign currency exchange rates during the Six Months in comparison to six months of Fiscal 2016 was a decrease of approximately $0.1 million.

 

25


 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

The following table sets forth detailed information regarding the components for selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended July 30, 2016 and August 1, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months ended

    

Three Months ended

 

Six Months Ended

    

Six Months Ended