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Item 9B. Other Information

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K


ý

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Fiscal Year Ended March 2, 2019

OR

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Transition Period From                To                

Commission File Number 1-5742

RITE AID CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  23-1614034
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

30 Hunter Lane, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

17011
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (717) 761-2633

         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1.00 par value   New York Stock Exchange

         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "Large Accelerated Filer," "Accelerated Filer," "Smaller Reporting Company," and "Emerging Growth Company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer ý   Accelerated Filer o   Non-Accelerated Filer o   Smaller reporting company o

Emerging growth company o

         If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

         The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock of the registrant held by non-affiliates of the registrant based on the closing price at which such stock was sold on the New York Stock Exchange on September 1, 2018 was approximately $1,448,571,281. For purposes of this calculation, only executive officers and directors are deemed to be affiliates of the registrant.

         As of April 16, 2019 the registrant had outstanding 53,901,162 shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

         Certain portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

   


Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
  Page

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

  3

PART I

   

ITEM 1.

 

Business

  5

ITEM 1A.

 

Risk Factors

  16

ITEM 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

  27

ITEM 2.

 

Properties

  27

ITEM 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

  29

ITEM 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

  29

PART II

   

ITEM 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

  30

ITEM 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

  32

ITEM 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations

  32

ITEM 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

  60

ITEM 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

  61

ITEM 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

  61

ITEM 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

  61

ITEM 9B.

 

Other Information

  63

PART III

   

ITEM 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

  63

ITEM 11.

 

Executive Compensation

  63

ITEM 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

  63

ITEM 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

  63

ITEM 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

  63

PART IV

   

ITEM 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

  63

SIGNATURES

  149

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

        This report, as well as our other public filings or public statements, include forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are often identified by terms and phrases such as "anticipate," "believe," "intend," "estimate," "expect," "continue," "should," "could," "may," "plan," "project," "predict," "will" and similar expressions and include references to assumptions and relate to our future prospects, developments and business strategies.

        Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

    our high level of indebtedness and our ability to make interest and principal payments on our debt and satisfy the other covenants contained in our credit facilities and other debt agreements;

    the ongoing impact of private and public third party payors continued reduction in prescription drug reimbursement rates and their efforts to limit access to payor networks, including through mail order;

    our ability to achieve the benefits of our efforts to reduce the costs of our generic and other drugs, and our ability to achieve and sustain drug pricing efficiencies;

    the risk that changes in federal or state laws or regulations, including the Health Care Education Affordability Reconciliation Act, the repeal of all or part of the Patient Protection and the Affordable Care Act (or "ACA") and any regulations enacted thereunder may occur;

    the impact of the loss of one or more major third party payor contracts;

    the inability to complete the sale of remaining distribution centers to Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. ("WBA"), due to the failure to satisfy the minimal remaining conditions applicable only to the distribution centers being transferred at such distribution center closing;

    the impact on our business, operating results and relationships with customers, suppliers, third party payors, and employees, resulting from our efforts over the past several years to consummate significant transactions with WBA and Albertsons Companies, Inc. ("Albertsons");

    the risk that we will not be able to meet our obligations under our Transition Services Agreement ("TSA") with WBA, which could expose us to significant financial penalties;

    the risk that we cannot reduce our selling, general and administrative expenses enough to offset lost income from the TSA as the amount of stores serviced under the agreement decreases;

    the risk that we may need to take further impairment charges if our future results do not meet our expectations;

    our ability to refinance our indebtedness on terms favorable to us;

    our ability to improve the operating performance of our stores in accordance with our long term strategy;

    our ability to grow prescription count and realize front-end sales growth;

    our ability to successfully execute and achieve benefits from our leadership transition plan and organizational restructuring, including our chief executive officer search process, and to manage the transition to a new chief executive officer and other management;

    our ability to hire and retain qualified personnel;

    our ability to achieve cost savings through the organizational restructurings within our anticipated timeframe, if at all;

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    decisions to close additional stores and distribution centers or undertake additional refinancing activities, which could result in further charges;

    our ability to manage expenses and working capital;

    continued consolidation of the drugstore and the pharmacy benefit management ("PBM") industries;

    the risk that provider and state contract changes may occur;

    risks related to compromises of our information or payment systems or unauthorized access to confidential or personal information of our associates or customers;

    our ability to maintain our current pharmacy services business and obtain new pharmacy services business, including maintaining renewals of expiring contracts, avoiding contract termination rights that may permit certain of our clients to terminate their contracts prior to their expiration, early price renegotiations prior to contract expirations, and the risk that we cannot meet client guarantees;

    the continued impact of gross margin pressure in the PBM industry due to increased market competition and client demand for lower prices while providing enhanced service offerings;

    our ability to maintain our current Medicare Part D business and obtain new Medicare Part D business, as a result of the annual Medicare Part D competitive bidding process and meet the financial obligations of our bid;

    the expiration or termination of our Medicare or Medicaid managed care contracts by federal or state governments;

    risks related to other business effects, including the effects of industry, market, economic, political or regulatory conditions, future exchange or interest rates or credit ratings, changes in tax laws, regulations, rates and policies or competitive development including aggressive promotional activity from our competitors;

    the risk that we could experience deterioration in our current Star rating with the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") or incur CMS penalties and/or sanctions;

    the nature, cost and outcome of pending and future litigation and other legal proceedings or governmental investigations, including any such proceedings related to the Sale and instituted against us and others;

    the potential reputational risk to our business during the period in which WBA is operating the Acquired Stores (as defined herein) under the Rite Aid banner;

    the inability to fully realize the benefits of our tax attributes;

    our ability to maintain the listing of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (the "NYSE"), and the resulting impact of either a delisting or remedies taken to prevent a delisting would have on our results of operations and financial condition; and

    other risks and uncertainties described from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").

        We undertake no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements included in this report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this report. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from the results expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences are discussed in the sections entitled "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations—Overview and Factors Affecting Our Future Prospects" included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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PART I

Item 1.    Business

Overview

        Rite Aid Corporation ("Rite Aid" or the "Company") is the third largest retail drugstore chain in the United States based on both revenues and number of stores. As of March 2, 2019, we operated 2,469 stores in 18 states across the country.

        Our headquarters are located at 30 Hunter Lane, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania 17011, and our telephone number is (717) 761-2633. Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the trading symbol of "RAD." We were incorporated in 1968 and are a Delaware corporation.

        Termination of the Merger Agreement—On February 18, 2018, Rite Aid entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") with Albertsons, Ranch Acquisition II LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of Albertsons ("Merger Sub II") and Ranch Acquisition Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of Merger Sub II ("Merger Sub" and, together with Merger Sub II, the "Merger Subs"). On August 8, 2018, Rite Aid, Albertsons and the Merger Subs entered into a Termination Agreement (the "Merger Termination Agreement") under which the parties mutually agreed to terminate the Merger Agreement. Subject to limited customary exceptions, the Merger Termination Agreement mutually releases the parties from any claims of liability to one another relating to the contemplated merger (the "Merger"). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, neither Rite Aid nor Albertsons is responsible for any payments to the other party as a result of the termination of the Merger Agreement and Rite Aid is no longer subject to the interim operating covenants and restrictions contained in the Merger Agreement.

        While the Company believed in the merits of the combination with Albertsons, management of the Company heard the views expressed by stockholders and has been and continues to be committed to executing Rite Aid's strategic plan as a standalone company. This includes remaining focused on leveraging Rite Aid's network of conveniently located retail pharmacies, the EnvisionRxOptions PBM and its trusted brand of health and wellness offerings. Rite Aid is also focused on building momentum for key areas of its business like its innovative Wellness store format, highly successful customer loyalty program and expanded pharmacy service offerings, as it also enhances its omni-channel and own brand offerings to strengthen the Company's competitive position and create long-term value for stockholders.

        Asset Sale—On September 18, 2017, we entered into the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement") with WBA and Walgreen Co., an Illinois corporation and wholly-owned direct subsidiary of WBA ("Buyer"), which amended and restated in its entirety the previously disclosed Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Original Asset Purchase Agreement"), dated as of June 28, 2017, by and among Rite Aid, WBA and Buyer. Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement, Buyer agreed to purchase from Rite Aid 1,932 Acquired Stores, three distribution centers, related inventory and other specified assets and liabilities related thereto for a purchase price of approximately $4.375 billion, on a cash-free, debt-free basis (the "Asset Sale" or "Sale"). We announced on September 19, 2017 that the waiting period under the HSR Act expired with respect to the Sale. We completed the store transfer process in March of 2018, which resulted in the transfer of all 1,932 stores and related assets to WBA and have received cash proceeds of $4.157 billion. On September 13, 2018, we completed the sale of one of our distribution centers and related assets to WBA for proceeds of $61.2 million. The transfer of the two remaining distribution centers and related assets remains subject to minimal customary closing conditions applicable only to the distribution centers being transferred at such distribution center closings, as specified in the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement.

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        Based on its magnitude and because we are exiting certain markets, the Sale represents a significant strategic shift that has a material effect on our operations and financial results. Accordingly, we have applied discontinued operations treatment for the Sale, as required by generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP").

        In fiscal 2019, we continued reporting our business in two distinct segments. Our Retail Pharmacy Segment consists of Rite Aid stores, RediClinic and Health Dialog. Our Pharmacy Services Segment consists of EnvisionRx, our PBM, that has been rebranded as EnvisionRxOptions ("EnvisionRx" or "EnvisionRxOptions").

        Retail Pharmacy Segment—In our Rite Aid retail stores, we sell prescription drugs and a wide assortment of other merchandise, which we call "front-end" products. In fiscal 2019, prescription drug sales accounted for 66.6% of our total drugstore sales. We believe that pharmacy operations will continue to represent a significant part of our business due to industry trends such as an aging population, increased life expectancy, anticipated growth in the federally funded Medicare Part D prescription program as "baby boomers" continue to enroll and the discovery of new and better drug therapies. We carry a full assortment of front-end products, which accounted for the remaining 33.4% of our total drug store sales in fiscal 2019. Front-end products include over-the-counter medications, health and beauty aids, personal care items, cosmetics, household items, food and beverages, greeting cards, seasonal merchandise and numerous other everyday and convenience products.

        We differentiate our stores from other national chain drugstores, in part, through our wellness+ Rewards loyalty program, our Wellness format stores, innovative merchandising, owned brands and our strategic partnership with GNC, a leading retailer of vitamin and mineral supplements. We offer a wide variety of products through our portfolio of owned brands, which contributed approximately 18.6% of our front-end sales in fiscal 2019.

        The average size of each store in our chain is approximately 13,600 square feet, and average store size is larger for our locations in the western United States. As of March 2, 2019, 58% of our stores were freestanding; 54% of our stores included a drive-thru pharmacy; and 62% included a GNC store within a Rite Aid store.

        RediClinic, based in Houston, is an operator of retail clinics. RediClinics are staffed by board-certified nurse practitioners and physician assistants, who are trained and licensed to treat common conditions and provide preventative services, in collaboration with local physicians who are affiliated with a leading health care system in each market. Patients can be treated for more than 30 common medical conditions and RediClinic's clinicians are able to write prescriptions for these conditions when appropriate. Additionally, RediClinics provide a broad range of preventive services, including screenings, medical tests, immunizations and basic physical exams. We operated a total of 65 RediClinics at the end of fiscal 2019. We have owned 100% of RediClinic since 2014.

        Health Dialog, based in Boston, is a provider of healthcare coaching and disease management services to health plans and employers. Health Dialog provides these services using a call in line staffed by nurse practitioners and through an on-line platform. We have owned 100% of Health Dialog since 2014.

        Pharmacy Services Segment—EnvisionRxOptions provides a comprehensive suite of pharmacy benefits and services, including both transparent and traditional PBM options through its EnvisionRx and MedTrakRx PBMs; EnvisionPharmacies, a mail order and specialty pharmacy; EnvisionInsurance, a provider of commercial and Medicare-approved prescription insurance plans; EnvisionSavings, a prescription discount program for under and uninsured patients; and Laker Software, a claims adjudication platform. We have owned 100% of EnvisionRxOption since 2015.

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        Restructuring and Executive Management Reorganization—In March 2019, the Board of Directors implemented a reorganization of our executive management team to further streamline our business. This streamlining resulted in the departures of John Standley as chief executive officer upon the appointment of a successor, Kermit Crawford as president and chief operating officer, and Darren Karst as chief financial officer and chief accounting officer.

        In addition, the Company announced a restructuring plan that will reduce managerial layers and consolidate roles across the organization, resulting in the elimination of approximately 400 full-time positions, or more than 20% of the corporate positions located at the Company's headquarters and across the field organization. Approximately two-thirds of the reductions took place at the time of the announcement and the balance will occur by the end of fiscal 2020. As a result of the restructuring, Rite Aid expects to achieve annual cost savings of approximately $55 million, of which approximately $42 million will be realized within fiscal year 2020. These cost savings will serve to offset an expected reduction in income associated with its diminishing obligations under the TSA with WBA, which related to the prior sale of stores. The Company expects to incur a one-time restructuring charge of approximately $38 million during fiscal 2020 to achieve the targeted cost savings.

        Recasting of per-share amounts—As previously announced, we implemented a reverse stock split of our common stock at a reverse stock split ratio of 1-for-20. Our common stock began trading on a split-adjusted basis on the NYSE at the market open on April 22, 2019. Accordingly, all share and per-share amounts for the current period and prior periods have been recasted to reflect the reverse stock split.

    Industry Trends

        Despite an increase in prescription drug usage, the rate of pharmacy sales growth in the United States continues to be negatively impacted by a decline in new blockbuster drugs, a longer FDA approval process, drug safety concerns, higher copays and an increase in the use of generic (non-brand name) drugs, which are less expensive but generate higher gross margins. New drug development in the next few years is expected to be concentrated in specialty prescriptions, which are high cost drugs targeted toward complex or rare chronic conditions. We expect prescription usage to continue to grow in the coming years due to the aging U.S. population, increased life expectancy, "baby boomers" continuing to become eligible for the federally funded Medicare prescription program and new drug therapies. Additionally, rising U.S. healthcare costs and the shortage of primary care physicians are creating opportunities for pharmacists and drugstores to play a more active role in driving positive health outcomes for patients. Services such as immunizations, medication therapy management, chronic condition management, clinics and medication compliance counseling extend our efforts well beyond filling prescriptions. We believe that offerings such as these could gain additional momentum in a rapidly changing healthcare environment.

        In terms of our traditional drug dispensing business, generic prescription drugs continue to help lower overall costs for customers and third party payors. We believe the utilization of existing generic pharmaceuticals will continue to increase, although the pace of introduction of new generic drugs is expected to slow. The gross profit from a generic drug prescription in the retail drugstore industry is generally greater than the gross profit from a brand drug prescription. However, the sale amount can be substantially less and has impacted our overall revenues and same store sales.

        The retail drugstore industry is highly competitive and consolidation has accelerated. We believe that the competitive advantages from the increasing trend toward vertical integration resulting from the combination of retail pharmacy companies with PBMs, such as CVS Health, and aggressive generic pricing programs at competitors such as Wal-Mart and various supermarket chains will further increase competitive pressures in the industry. Front-end product pricing has continued to be highly promotional in the retail drugstore business, which contributes to additional competitive pressures.

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        The retail drugstore industry continues to rely significantly on third party payors. Over the past several years, third party payors, including the Medicare Part D plans and the state-sponsored Medicaid and related managed care Medicaid agencies, have changed the eligibility requirements of participants and have successfully reduced certain reimbursement rates. This trend is expected to continue, which puts added pressure on our and our competitors' results. Medicare Part D plans have also introduced plans that have restricted network options, under which a patient can elect a plan with a lower copay in exchange for the choice to use a limited number of pharmacies to fill their prescriptions. In order to participate in these restricted networks, retail pharmacies generally have to accept lower reimbursement rates. We expect the usage of these restricted network plans to continue to increase. When third party payors, including the Medicare Part D program and state-sponsored Medicaid agencies, reduce the number of participants and/or reduce their reimbursement rates, sales and margins in the industry could be reduced, and profitability of the industry adversely affected. These possible adverse effects can be partially offset by lowering our product cost, controlling expenses, dispensing more higher margin generics, finding new revenue streams through pharmacy services and dispensing more prescriptions overall.

Strategy

        In fiscal 2019, we made significant progress in ensuring that we have low drug acquisition costs for filling prescriptions. We engaged with our payor partners to gain better reimbursement rate predictability and access. In fiscal 2020, we will also focus on further expanding the clinical role of our pharmacists; further integrating our healthcare services offered by our reportable segments and network of Rite Aid stores; optimizing our asset base; and growing front-end sales and prescription count while controlling costs.

        Following are descriptions of some of our key initiatives:

        Expanded Healthcare Services—In fiscal 2019, we continued to expand the role of our Rite Aid pharmacists in delivering health and wellness services that go beyond filling prescriptions. We have accelerated these efforts over the past year by focusing on a clinical pharmacy services strategy known as AIM, which stands for Adherence, Immunizations and Medication Therapy Management ("MTM"). A key part of our AIM strategy is operating as efficiently as possible so that our pharmacists have additional time to perform these increasingly valuable clinical services. In fiscal 2019, we introduced Rite Care, a state-of-the-art tool that provides our pharmacists with real-time alerts without having to visit a separate application.

        Promoting medication adherence—or taking medications on time and as prescribed—is one of the best ways our pharmacists can help drive positive health outcomes for patients while also lowering healthcare costs by avoiding illnesses and hospital visits. In addition to patient counseling, we have a number of tools in place that make it easier for patients to comply with their medication therapy while also providing a better customer experience, including text, phone and email alerts when a prescription is ready for pick-up and our One Trip Refills program, which allows patients to refill all of their monthly maintenance medications in a single trip to the pharmacy.

        A key area of focus has been our immunizations program, which has grown significantly in recent years and continues to be an important area of focus. In fiscal 2019, our pharmacists administered an all-time company record, based on historical performance of go-forward Rite Aid stores, of 3.2 million immunizations, including more than 2.3 million flu shots. Pharmacists also increased the number of non-flu or ancillary immunizations, which protect against conditions such as shingles, pneumonia and whooping cough, by nearly 80% for a total of more than 900,000. Both flu and ancillary immunizations will continue to be a key priority in fiscal 2020.

        We also continue to make progress in expanding our MTM services, in which pharmacists engage with patients and focus on managing their entire medication regimen to drive positive health outcomes.

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These efforts generated approximately $6.0 million in reimbursement revenue in fiscal 2019. We can also improve productivity by further increasing 90-day prescriptions and leveraging our workload balancing program that enables pharmacists at lower-volume stores to remotely support prescription dispensing at higher-volume stores.

        Unique Healthcare Assets—An important part of our retail healthcare strategy continues to be finding ways to integrate our expanded suite of healthcare assets with our base of conveniently located retail pharmacies to deliver a higher level of care and service in our communities. This includes leveraging our store base and the capabilities of EnvisionRxOptions in our efforts to create cost-effective solutions to employers and health plans; and drive growth.

        Our Pharmacy Services Segment strategy centers on providing innovative pharmaceutical solutions and quality client service in order to help improve clinical outcomes for our clients' plan members while assisting our clients and their plan members in better managing overall health care costs. Our clients are primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans, Medicare plans, other sponsors of health benefit plans, and individuals throughout the United States. Our goal is to produce superior results for our clients and their plan members by leveraging our expertise in core PBM services, including: plan design offerings and administration, formulary management, Medicare Part D services, mail order, specialty pharmacy services, retail pharmacy network management services, clinical services, disease management services, and other spend management. During fiscal 2019, EnvisionRxOptions made significant progress in continuing to grow its Medicare Part D business, with 21% year-over-year membership growth and a total enrollment of approximately 624,000 as of March 2, 2019.

        RediClinic is a component of our efforts to expand Rite Aid's retail healthcare offering. As of March 2, 2019, we had 29 RediClinics operating in Rite Aid stores throughout the Philadelphia and New Jersey markets. Including our locations in Texas, we operated a total of 65 RediClinics at the end of fiscal 2019.

        Front-end Merchandising—Our front-end offering remains a critical part of Rite Aid's business. We focus on providing outstanding customer experiences, leveraging our valuable wellness brand, developing individualized and unique customer relationships and continuing to evolve the products and services we offer. We will continue to remain focused on strengthening our core categories of health, beauty, vitamins and consumables.

        In beauty, we are undergoing our largest transformation in more than a decade, including the introduction of more than 300 products and new brands such as e.l.f. In November 2018, we became the first drugstore retailer to offer Kokie cosmetics, which provides the latest beauty trends at an affordable price. We also extended our exclusive drug channel partnership with GNC through 2021 and expect to launch innovative GNC brands in our stores over the next year.

        In addition, we will accelerate our focus on growing own brand sales, as these items offer tremendous value to customers while enhancing our profitability. We have more than 145 new items in development and will be re-launching our best-selling private brand, Rite Aid Pharmacy, in the coming year. In fiscal 2020, we will also focus on testing innovative new merchandising programs, tailoring our mix to local needs, rationalizing SKUs and further strengthening our wellness-focused product offering.

        Omni-Channel Capabilities—In fiscal 2019, we further enhanced our omni-channel capabilities by continuing our print-to-digital marketing transformation and driving increased customer engagement on our mobile app. In fiscal 2020, backed by additional capital investments, we will continue these efforts while also aggressively testing new ways to engage with our customers in providing a seamlessly connected customer experience that attracts new customers while increasing trip frequency and basket size for existing customers.

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        wellness+ Rewards—Since the launch of wellness+ Rewards in April 2010, our loyalty program has provided customers with the opportunity to earn significant discounts and wellness rewards. Beyond exclusive sale pricing and weekly savings for all cardholders, members earn wellness+ Rewards points based on the purchase of certain front-end and pharmacy purchases. As an example, gold members receive a 20% discount off most non-pharmacy purchases for an entire year.

        We have over 13 million active wellness+ Rewards members, defined as those who have shopped two or more times over the past six months. In addition, over 60% of customer transactions at Rite Aid now include a wellness+ Rewards card. This year, we enhanced our digital coupon and personalization benefits, which provided our customers with additional savings opportunities, and the program will continue to play a key role in our promotional offerings.

        Wellness Store Remodels—In fiscal 2019, we continued to strengthen Rite Aid as a wellness destination by completing additional Wellness store remodels. As a result, our total number of Wellness stores reached 1,765 by the end of the fiscal year, which means that 71% of all Rite Aid stores are now Wellness stores. We also opened one new store and relocated one store, in this groundbreaking Wellness format, which offers improved interior design, expanded clinical pharmacy services, our latest innovative merchandising and new wellness product offerings. Our customers have responded favorably to this unique store format, with our Wellness stores continuing to outperform the rest of our chain in terms of both front-end same store sales and same store prescription count growth.

        In fiscal 2020, we plan to complete 70 additional Wellness remodels along with six relocations, two new store openings and one expansion. We believe these investments represent a cost-effective way to strengthen our store base, grow sales and offer our customers an engaging wellness experience.

        Prescription File Purchases—In fiscal 2019, we spent $47.9 million on the purchase of prescription files. We plan to increase our level of prescription file purchases in fiscal 2020 to approximately $60.0 million as they drive additional traffic to our stores and deliver a strong return on investment.

        Drug Purchasing and Distribution Efficiencies—In fiscal 2019, after a careful and comprehensive review of our drug purchasing options, we agreed to key terms of an amendment to our drug purchasing agreement with McKesson Corporation ("McKesson"). Under these terms, McKesson will continue to source all of Rite Aid's branded and generic pharmaceuticals and provide direct-to-store delivery to all of our pharmacies through March of 2029. Securing the ability to purchase prescription drugs at a competitive price has been an important strategic objective, and after our rigorous review, we believe that extending our contract with McKesson provides Rite Aid with the most favorable terms that we can achieve in the marketplace.

        Cost Control—In fiscal 2020, we will continue to pursue opportunities to control our costs in order to help mitigate the impact of declining reimbursement rates and align our business with a new operational structure as the TSA with WBA winds down. In addition to strong cost control, we rationalized our store footprint by closing more than 80 unprofitable stores. Furthermore, in March 2019 we announced a major organizational restructuring that will reduce managerial layers and consolidate roles across the organization. As a result of this restructuring, we expect to achieve annual cost savings of approximately $55.0 million, of which approximately $42.0 million will be realized within fiscal 2020. In fiscal 2020, we will target further cost savings through indirect procurement efficiencies and labor productivity improvements.

Products and Services

        Sales of prescription drugs for our Retail Pharmacy segment represented approximately 66.6%, 65.9% and 66.0% of our total drugstore sales in fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. In fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, prescription drug sales were $10.4 billion, $10.3 billion and $11.1 billion,

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respectively. See the section entitled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations" and our consolidated financial statements.

        We carry a full assortment of non-prescription, or front-end, products. The types and number of front-end products in each store vary, and selections are based on customer needs and preferences and available space. No single front-end product category contributed significantly to our sales during fiscal 2019. Our Retail Pharmacy segment's principal classes of products in fiscal 2019 were the following:

Product Class
  Percentage of
Sales
 

Prescription drugs

    66.6 %

Over-the-counter medications and personal care

    10.8 %

Health and beauty aids

    5.0 %

General merchandise and other

    17.6 %

        We offer a wide variety of products under our private brands to meet the needs of our customers in virtually every non-pharmacy department. We intend to increase our private brand sales and penetration in fiscal 2020 by expanding our product lines, refreshing our package design, along with leveraging our marketing vehicles. We believe that our assortment is differentiated and a compelling value to our customers based on our emphasis on high quality standards and everyday/promotional pricing.

        We have a strategic alliance with GNC under which we have opened over 1,532 GNC stores within Rite Aid stores as of March 2, 2019 and have a contractual commitment to open at least 150 additional GNC stores within Rite Aid stores by December 2021. We believe the GNC stores enhance our wellness offerings and help differentiate us from our competitors. GNC is a leading nationwide retailer of vitamin and mineral supplements, personal care, fitness and other health-related products.

        Through our 100% owned subsidiary, EnvisionRx, we offer a broad range of pharmacy-related services. In addition to its transparent and traditional PBM offerings through the EnvisionRx and MedTrak PBMs, EnvisionRx also offers fully integrated mail-order and specialty pharmacy services through EnvisionPharmacies. Through its Envision Insurance Company ("EIC"), EnvisionRx also serves one of the fastest-growing demographics in healthcare: seniors enrolled in Medicare Part D. In addition, EnvisionRx, through its state of the art Laker Software, performs prescription adjudication services for its own claims as well as claims for other PBM's.

        The Company, through its Health Dialog subsidiary, provides health care coaching and disease management services to health plans and employers. Health Dialog provides these services using a call center staffed by nurse practitioners and through an on-line platform.

Technology

        All of our stores are integrated into a common pharmacy system, which enables our customers to fill or refill prescriptions in any of our stores throughout the country, identifies adverse drug interactions, and enables our pharmacists to fill prescriptions more accurately and efficiently. Our customers may also order prescription refills over the Internet through our website, www.riteaid.com, our mobile app, or over the phone through our telephonic automated refill systems for pick up at a Rite Aid store or home delivery from a majority of our stores. We have automated pharmacy dispensing units in high volume stores, which are linked to our pharmacists' computers that fill and label prescription drug orders. We utilize central fill technology to facilitate the automated picking, packaging, and labeling of prescriptions in a central filling location, which are sent to certain retail stores for delivery to the customer. We also utilize workload sharing technology within our stores, whereby stores within a close proximity can shift the fulfillment of prescriptions to stores with excess capacity. The efficiency of these processes allows our pharmacists to spend more time consulting with

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and answering our customers' questions and concerns about their prescription medications and health conditions. Additionally, each of our stores employs point-of-sale technology that supports sales analysis and recognition of customer trends. This same point-of-sale technology facilitates the maintenance of perpetual inventory records which, together with our sales analysis, drives our automated inventory replenishment process.

        We continue to embrace technology as a way to enhance the customer experience. Our mobile app, which is available for download for both the Android and iPhone platforms, allows our customers to use their smartphones to manage their wellness + account, refill prescriptions, access the weekly circular to view sale items, and locate a nearby Rite Aid store. We have continued to strengthen our presence on social media sites through unique promotions and contests.

Sources and Availability of Raw Materials

        Since fiscal 2015, under our pharmaceutical purchasing and delivery agreement ("Purchasing and Delivery Agreement") with limited exceptions, we purchased all of our branded pharmaceutical products and almost all of our generic (non-brand name) pharmaceutical products from McKesson. If our relationship with McKesson were disrupted, we could temporarily experience difficulties filling prescriptions for branded and generic drugs until we execute a replacement wholesaler agreement or develop and implement self-distribution processes.

        We purchase our non-pharmaceutical merchandise from numerous manufacturers and wholesalers. We believe that competitive sources are readily available for substantially all of the non-pharmaceutical merchandise we carry and that the loss of any one supplier would not have a material effect on our business.

        We sell private brand and co-branded products that generally are supplied by numerous sources. The GNC branded vitamin and mineral supplement products that we sell in our stores are developed by GNC, and along with our Rite Aid brand vitamin and mineral supplements, are manufactured by GNC.

Customers and Third Party Payors

        During fiscal 2019, our stores filled approximately 171.1 million prescriptions and served an average of 1.2 million customers per day. The loss of any one customer would not have a material impact on our results of operations.

        In fiscal 2019, substantially all of our pharmacy sales were to customers covered by third party payors (such as insurance companies, prescription benefit management companies, government agencies, private employers or other managed care providers) that agree to pay for all or a portion of a customer's eligible prescription purchases based on negotiated and contracted reimbursement rates. During fiscal 2019, the top five third party payors accounted for approximately 80.4% of our pharmacy sales. The largest third party payor, Caremark, represented 28.3% of our pharmacy sales. The loss of, or a significant change to the prescription drug reimbursement rates by, a major third party payor could decrease our revenue and harm our business.

        During fiscal 2019, Medicaid and related managed care Medicaid payors sales were approximately 19.1% of our pharmacy sales, of which the largest single Medicaid payor was approximately 1.8% of our pharmacy sales. During fiscal 2019, approximately 35.8% of our pharmacy sales were to customers covered by Medicare Part D.

        Through our Pharmacy Services segment we provide innovative pharmaceutical solutions for our clients which are primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans, Medicare plans, and other sponsors of health benefit plans, and individuals throughout the United States.

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Competition

        The retail drugstore and pharmacy benefit management industries are highly competitive. Our retail drugstore operations compete with, among others, retail drugstore chains, independently owned drugstores, supermarkets, mass merchandisers, discount stores, wellness offerings, dollar stores and mail order and internet pharmacies. We compete on the basis of store location, convenience, customer service, product selection, price, and payor access. Our pharmacy benefit management operations compete with other pharmacy benefit managers, such as Caremark and Express Scripts. We compete on the basis of our PBM service offerings, pricing and through our transparent and traditional PBM models. We believe continued consolidation in the healthcare industry, and the aggressive discounting of generic drugs by supermarkets and mass merchandisers and other PBM service providers will further increase competitive pressures in our industries.

Marketing and Advertising

        In fiscal 2019, marketing and advertising expense was approximately $147.5 million, which was spent on our weekly circular (print and digital), our Wellness+ Rewards program/customer relationship marketing (CRM), digital/social marketing and focused pharmacy marketing initiatives including television, radio and direct mail. Our marketing and advertising activities are primarily focused on the following:

    Promotional marketing (circular/digital marketing) to drive share of wallet and new customer acquisition;

    Our wellness + Rewards loyalty program, which benefits our members in several ways:

    Members earn wellness+ points by purchasing certain front-end products and prescriptions purchases that enables them to qualify for savings of up to 20% off of front-end purchases every day for a year

    Bonus Cash rewards provide additional savings to our customers/wellness+ members every week

    Personalized offers/digital coupons that are often presented in vehicles such as digital marketing, email and direct mail

    Emphasis on the broad selection, great quality and value of our private brand products;

    Support of specific market-wide initiatives and individual store programs such as competitor market intrusion, prescription file buys and grand openings for new and remodeled stores; and

    Focused efforts on our omni-channel marketing initiatives including our Rite Aid mobile app, social media, our riteaid.com website and e-commerce.

    Additional programs focused on health and wellness such as One Trip Refills, Vaccine Central and Quit For You smoking cessation programs.

Associates

        As of March 2, 2019, we had approximately 51,000 Retail Pharmacy segment associates: 11% were pharmacists, 41% were part-time and 35% were represented by unions. Additionally, we have approximately 2,100 Pharmacy Services segment associates. Associate satisfaction is critical to our success. We annually survey our associates to obtain feedback on various employment-related topics, including job satisfaction and their understanding of our core values and mission. We believe that our relationships with our associates are good.

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        The number of graduates from U.S. Schools of Pharmacy is largely meeting our workforce demand. However, pharmacist employment opportunities still exist in certain areas.

Research and Development

        We do not make significant expenditures for research and development.

Licenses, Trademarks and Patents

        The Rite Aid name is our most significant trademark and the most important factor in marketing our stores and private brand products. We hold licenses to sell beer, wine and liquor, cigarettes and lottery tickets. As part of our strategic alliance with GNC, we have a license to operate GNC "stores-within-Rite Aid-stores." We also hold licenses to operate our pharmacies and our distribution facilities. Through our 100% owned subsidiary EnvisionRx, we hold a license to conduct Medicare Part D business with CMS.

        Collectively, these licenses are material to our operations.

Seasonality

        We experience moderate seasonal fluctuations in our results of operations concentrated in the first and fourth fiscal quarters as the result of the concentration of the cough, cold and flu season and the holidays. We tailor certain front-end merchandise to capitalize on holidays and seasons. We increase our inventory levels during our third fiscal quarter in anticipation of the seasonal fluctuations described above. Our results of operations in the fourth and first fiscal quarters may fluctuate based upon the timing and severity of the cough, cold and flu season, both of which are unpredictable.

Regulation

        Our business is subject to federal, state and local laws, regulations, and administrative practices concerning the provision of and payment for health care services, including, without limitation: federal, state and local licensure and registration requirements concerning the operation of pharmacies and the practice of pharmacy; Medicare, Medicaid and other publicly financed health benefit plan regulations prohibiting kickbacks, beneficiary inducement and the submission of false claims; the ACA; regulations of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the U.S Consumer Product Safety Commission, the U.S Federal Trade Commission, and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, including regulations governing the purchase, sale, storing and dispensing of controlled substances and other products, as well as regulations promulgated by state and other federal agencies concerning automated outbound contacts such as phone calls, text messages and emails and the sale, advertisement and promotion of the products we sell, including nicotine products and alcoholic beverages.

        Our business is also subject to patient privacy and other obligations, including corporate, pharmacy and associate responsibility imposed by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act ("HIPAA"). As a covered entity, we are required to implement privacy standards, train our associates on the permitted uses and disclosures of protected health information, provide a notice of privacy practice to our pharmacy customers and permit pharmacy customers to access and amend their records and receive an accounting of disclosures of protected health information. We are also subject to federal and state privacy and data security laws with respect to our receipt, use and disclosure by us of personally identifiable information, which laws require us to provide appropriate privacy and security safeguards for such information. In addition, we are also subject to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard promulgated by the payment card industry in connection with handling credit card data. This standard contains requirements devised to aid entities that process, store or transmit credit card information to maintain a secure environment.

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        We are also subject to laws governing our relationship with our associates, including health and safety, minimum wage requirements, overtime, working conditions, equal employment opportunity and unionizing efforts.

        In addition, in connection with the ownership and operations of our stores, distribution centers and other sites, we are subject to laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and health and safety matters, including those governing the management and disposal of hazardous substances and the cleanup of contaminated sites.

        Regarding PBM and affiliate operations, we are subject to federal, state, and local regulations, including all rules, guidance, memoranda, and updates published by CMS. This includes the governance set forth by the Medicare Part D program, which makes prescription drug coverage available to eligible Medicare beneficiaries through private insurers. This program regulates all aspects of the provision of Medicare drug coverage, including enrollment, formularies, pharmacy networks, marketing, and claims processing. In addition, various quasi-regulatory organizations and credentialing organizations have issued (or may propose) model standards or other requirements concerning PBMs, specialty pharmacies, or health plans. Examples include the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, the National Association of Insurance Commissioners ("NAIC"), the National Committee for Quality Assurance ("NCQA"), and the Utilization Review Accreditation Commission ("URAC"), among others.

Corporate Governance and Internet Address

        We recognize that good corporate governance is an important means of protecting the interests of our stockholders, associates, customers and the community. We have closely monitored and implemented relevant legislative and regulatory corporate governance reforms, including provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 ("Sarbanes-Oxley"), the rules of the SEC interpreting and implementing Sarbanes-Oxley and the corporate governance listing standards of the NYSE.

        Our corporate governance information and materials, including our Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws, Corporate Governance Guidelines, the charters of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Governance Committee, our Code of Ethics for the Chief Executive Officer and Senior Financial Officers, our Code of Ethics and Business Conduct and our Related Person Transaction Policy are posted on the corporate governance section of our website at www.riteaid.com and are available in print upon request to Rite Aid Corporation, 30 Hunter Lane, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania 17011, Attention: Corporate Secretary. Our Board of Directors will regularly review corporate governance developments and modify these materials and practices as warranted.

        Our website also provides information on how to contact us and other items of interest to investors. We make available on our website, free of charge, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, Extensible Business Reporting Language ("XBRL") data files of our annual report and quarterly reports beginning with our fiscal 2017 first quarter 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to these reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we file these reports with, or furnish them to, the SEC. We do not intend for the information contained on our website to be part of this annual report on Form 10-K.

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Item 1A.    Risk Factors

Factors Affecting our Future Prospects

        Set forth below is a description of certain risk factors which we believe may be relevant to an understanding of us and our business. Security holders are cautioned that these and other factors may affect future performance and cause actual results to differ from those which may be anticipated. See the section entitled "Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements."


Risks Related to our Financial Condition

Economic conditions may adversely affect our industry, business and results of operations.

        Economic uncertainty has in the past and may in the future result in reduced consumer spending. If consumer spending decreases or does not grow, we may experience a decline in our same store sales. In addition, reduced or flat consumer spending may drive us and our competitors to offer additional products at promotional prices, which would have a negative impact on our gross profit. We operate a number of stores in areas that are experiencing lower economic activity than the economy on a national level. A continued softening or slow recovery in consumer spending may adversely affect our industry, business and results of operations. Reduced revenues as a result of decreased consumer spending may also reduce our liquidity and otherwise hinder our ability to implement our long term strategy.

We are highly leveraged. Our substantial indebtedness could limit cash flow available for our operations and could adversely affect our ability to service debt or obtain additional financing if necessary.

        We had, as of March 2, 2019, $3.5 billion of outstanding indebtedness and stockholders' equity of $1,186.7 million. We also had additional borrowing capacity under our $2.7 billion new senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the "Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility" or "revolver") of $1,741.8 million, net of outstanding letters of credit of $83.2 million.

        Our high level of indebtedness will continue to restrict our operations. Among other things, our indebtedness will:

    limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in the markets in which we compete;

    place us at a competitive disadvantage relative to our competitors with less indebtedness;

    limit our ability to reinvest in our business;

    render us more vulnerable to general adverse economic, regulatory and industry conditions; and

    require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to service our debt.

        Our ability to meet our cash requirements, including our debt service obligations, is dependent upon our ability to maintain our operating performance, which will be subject to general economic and competitive conditions and to financial, business and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. We cannot provide assurance that our business will generate sufficient cash flow from operations to fund our cash requirements and debt service obligations.

        We believe we have adequate sources of liquidity to meet our anticipated requirements for working capital, debt service and capital expenditures through fiscal 2020 and have no significant debt maturities prior to April 2023. However, if our operating results, cash flow or capital resources prove inadequate, or if interest rates rise significantly, we could face liquidity constraints. If we are unable to service our debt or experience a significant reduction in our liquidity, we could be forced to reduce or delay planned capital expenditures and other initiatives, sell assets, restructure or refinance our debt or seek additional equity capital, or need to change certain elements of our strategy, and we may be unable to take any of these actions on satisfactory terms or in a timely manner. Further, any of these actions may

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not be sufficient to allow us to service our debt obligations or may have an adverse impact on our business. Our existing debt agreements limit our ability to take certain of these actions. Our failure to generate sufficient operating cash flow to pay our debts or refinance our indebtedness could have a material adverse effect on us.

Borrowings under our senior secured credit facilities are based upon variable rates of interest, which could result in higher expense in the event of increases in interest rates.

        Borrowings under our new senior secured credit agreement, consisting of a new $2,700.0 million senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility ("Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility") and a new $450.0 million "first-in, last out" senior secured term loan facility ("Senior Secured Term Loan") (collectively the "New Facilities") bear interest at a rate that varies depending on the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). If LIBOR rises, the interest rates on outstanding borrowings under our New Facilities will increase. Therefore an increase in LIBOR, even after giving effect to our hedge activities, would increase our interest payment obligations under those loans and have a negative effect on our cash flow and financial condition.

        Further, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, has announced that it intends to stop encouraging or requiring banks to submit LIBOR rates after 2021 and it is unclear if LIBOR will cease to exist or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will evolve. If LIBOR ceases to exist or if the methods of calculating LIBOR change from their current form, interest rates on future indebtedness may be adversely affected or we may need to renegotiate the terms of our New Facilities to replace LIBOR with the new standard that is established, if any, or to otherwise agree with the trustees or agents on a new means of calculating interest.

The covenants in the instruments that govern our current indebtedness may limit our operating and financial flexibility.

        The covenants in the instruments that govern our current indebtedness limit our ability to:

    incur debt and liens;

    pay dividends;

    make redemptions and repurchases of capital stock;

    make loans and investments;

    prepay, redeem or repurchase debt;

    engage in acquisitions, consolidations, asset dispositions, sale-leaseback transactions and affiliate transactions;

    change our business;

    amend some of our debt and other material agreements;

    issue and sell capital stock of subsidiaries;

    restrict distributions from subsidiaries; and

    grant negative pledges to other creditors.

        The New Facilities have a financial covenant which requires us to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. The covenant requires that, if availability under the revolver (i) on any date is less than $200.0 million, or (ii) for three consecutive business days is less than $250.0 million, we maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00. As of March 2, 2019, we had availability under our revolver of $1,741.8 million, our fixed charge coverage ratio as defined in our

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credit agreement was greater than 1.00 to 1.00, and therefore, we were in compliance with the senior secured credit facility's financial covenant. For additional details, see the section entitled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations—Future Liquidity".

If we fail to meet the continuing listing requirements to maintain the listing of our common stock on the NYSE, the NYSE may delist our common stock.

        Our common stock is currently listed on the NYSE under the symbol "RAD". In the future, if we are unable to meet the continued listing standard rules of the NYSE, which require, among other things, that the average closing price of our common stock be above $1.00 per share over a consecutive 30 trading-day period, our common stock may be delisted. On January 4, 2019, the NYSE notified the Company that it was no longer in compliance with NYSE continued listing standard rules because the per share trading price of our common stock had fallen below the NYSE's minimum per share price rule. In accordance with the NYSE's rules, the Company has six months from the receipt of the notice to regain compliance with the NYSE's price condition. On April 18, 2019, we implemented a reverse stock split to cure the per share price non-compliance. Following the reverse stock split, our closing per share stock price on April 22, 2019 was $10.74.

        If we are unable to satisfy the NYSE criteria for continued listing, our common stock would be subject to delisting. A delisting of our common stock could negatively impact us by, among other things, reducing the liquidity and market price of our common stock; reducing the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common stock, which could negatively impact our ability to raise equity financing; decreasing the amount of news and analyst coverage of us; and limiting our ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future. In addition, delisting from the NYSE might negatively impact our reputation and, as a consequence, our business.


Risks Related to our Operations

We need to improve our operations in order to improve our financial condition, but our operations will not improve if we cannot effectively implement our business strategy or if our strategy is negatively affected by worsening economic conditions.

        We have not yet achieved the sales productivity level of our major competitors. We believe that improving the sales of existing stores is important to improving profitability and operating cash flow. If we are not successful in implementing our strategies, including our efforts to increase sales and further reduce costs, or if our strategies are not effective, we may not be able to improve our operations. In addition, if we are unable to meet our obligations under the TSA, we would be exposed to significant financial penalties. Furthermore, any adverse change or weakness in general economic conditions or major industries can adversely affect drug benefit plans and reduce our pharmacy sales. Adverse changes in general economic conditions could affect consumer buying practices and consequently reduce our sales of front-end products, and cause a decrease in our profitability. Failure to improve operations or weakness in major industries or general economic conditions would adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows and our ability to make principal or interest payments on our debt.

We purchase all of our brand and generic drugs from a single wholesaler. A disruption in this relationship may have a negative effect on us.

        We purchase all of our brand prescription and, with limited exceptions, all of our generic drugs from a single wholesaler, McKesson. Because McKesson acts as a wholesaler for drugs purchased from manufacturers worldwide, any disruption in the supply of a given drug, including supply shortages of key ingredients, or regulatory actions by domestic or foreign governmental agencies, or specific actions

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taken by drug manufacturers, could adversely impact McKesson's ability to fulfill our demands, which could adversely affect us. Pharmacy sales represented approximately 66.6% of our total drugstore sales during fiscal 2019. While we believe that alternative sources of supply for most generic and brand name pharmaceuticals are readily available, a significant disruption in our relationship with McKesson could result in disruptions to our business until we execute a replacement wholesaler agreement or develop and implement self-distribution processes. We believe we could obtain qualified alternative sources, including through self-distribution, for substantially all of the prescription drugs we sell on an acceptable basis, and accordingly that the impact of any disruption would be temporary. On December 19, 2018, we and McKesson entered into a binding letter of intent that will continue our pharmaceutical sourcing and distribution partnership for an additional ten years. Under the terms, McKesson will continue providing us with sourcing and direct-to-store delivery for brand and generic pharmaceutical products through March 2029.

Failure to manage our chief executive officer transition, failure to attract and retain other qualified employees, increases in wage and benefit costs, changes in laws, and other labor issues could materially adversely affect our financial performance.

        Our success depends to a significant degree on the continued contributions of members of our senior management and other key operations, merchandising and administrative personnel, and the loss of any such persons could have a material effect on our business. On March 12, 2019, we announced senior management changes including that John Standley will step down as chief executive officer of the Company. We are currently conducting a search for a new chief executive officer. The transition to a new chief executive officer may be disruptive to our operations and create uncertainty about our business and future direction, which could materially adversely affect our business. Until a new chief executive officer is identified, it may be more difficult for us to hire and retain other key personnel. Further, any failure by us to manage this leadership transition or a failure to timely identify a qualified chief executive officer could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The loss of certain key employees could damage critical customer relationships, result in the loss of vital institutional knowledge, experience and expertise, and impact our ability to successfully operate our business and execute our business strategy. We may not be able to find qualified replacements for key positions and the integration of replacements may be disruptive to our business.

A significant disruption in our computer systems or a cyber security breach could adversely affect our operations.

        We rely extensively on our computer systems, including those used by EnvisionRx, RediClinic, and Health Dialog, to manage our ordering, pricing, point-of-sale, inventory replenishment and other processes. Our systems have been subject to attack by perpetrators of random or targeted malicious technology-related events, such as cyberattacks, computer viruses, worms, bot attacks or other destructive or disruptive software and attempts to misappropriate customer information, including credit card information. These sorts of attacks could subject our systems to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, cyber security breaches, vandalism, coordinated cyber security attacks, severe weather conditions, catastrophic events and human error, and our disaster recovery planning cannot account for all eventualities. Although we deploy an information security program designed to protect confidential information against data security breaches through a multi-layered approach to address information security threats and vulnerabilities, including ones from a cyber security standpoint, a compromise of our information security controls or of those businesses with whom we interact, which results in confidential information being accessed, obtained, damaged or used by unauthorized or improper persons, could harm our reputation and expose us to regulatory actions and claims from customers and clients, financial

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institutions, payment card associations and other persons, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations. Moreover, a data security breach could require that we expend significant resources related to our information systems and infrastructure, and could distract management and other key personnel from performing their primary operational duties. We could also be adversely impacted by any significant disruptions in the systems of third parties we interact with, including key payors and vendors. If our systems are damaged, fail to function properly or otherwise become unavailable, we may incur substantial costs to repair or replace them, and may experience loss of critical data and interruptions or delays in our ability to perform critical functions, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations. Any compromise or breach of our data security, whether external or internal, or misuse of customer, associate, supplier or our data could also result in a violation of applicable privacy, information security, and other laws, significant legal and financial exposure, fines or lawsuits, damage to our reputation, loss or misuse of the information and a loss of confidence in our security measures, which could harm our business. Although we maintain cyber security insurance, we cannot assure you that the coverage limits under our insurance program will be adequate to protect us against future claims. In addition, as the regulatory environment related to information security, data collection and use, and privacy becomes increasingly rigorous, with new and constantly changing requirements applicable to our business, compliance with those requirements could also result in additional costs.

We are subject to payment-related risks that could increase our operating costs, expose us to fraud or theft, subject us to potential liability and potentially disrupt our business.

        We accept payments using a variety of methods, including cash, checks, credit and debit cards, gift cards and mobile payment technology, and we may accept new forms of payment over time. Acceptance of these payment options subjects us to rules, regulations, contractual obligations and compliance requirements including payment network rules and operating guidelines, data security standards and certification requirements, and rules governing electronic funds transfers. These requirements may change over time or be reinterpreted, making compliance more difficult or costly. For certain payment methods, including credit and debit cards, we pay interchange and other fees, which may increase over time and raise our operating costs. We rely on third parties to provide payment processing services, including the processing of credit cards, debit cards, and other forms of electronic payment. If these companies become unable to provide these services to us, or if their systems are compromised, it could potentially disrupt our business. The payment methods that we offer also subject us to potential fraud and theft by criminals, who are becoming increasingly more sophisticated, seeking to obtain unauthorized access to or exploit weaknesses that may exist in the payment systems. If we fail to comply with applicable rules or requirements for the payment methods we accept, or if payment-related data is compromised due to a breach or misuse of data, we may be liable for costs incurred by payment card issuing banks and other third parties or subject to fines and higher transaction fees, or our ability to accept or facilitate certain types of payments may be impaired. In addition, our customers could lose confidence in certain payment types, which may result in a shift to other payment types or potential changes to our payment systems that may result in higher costs. As a result, our business and operating results could be adversely affected.

If we fail to protect the security of personal information about our customers and associates, we could be subject to costly government enforcement actions or private litigation.

        Through our sales and marketing activities, we collect and store certain personal information that our customers provide to purchase products or services, enroll in promotional programs, register on our web site, or otherwise communicate and interact with us. We also gather and retain information about our associates in the normal course of business. We may share information about such persons with vendors that assist with certain aspects of our business. Despite instituted safeguards for the protection of such information, security could be compromised and confidential customer or business information

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misappropriated, for which we have paid related penalties in the past. Loss of customer or business information could disrupt our operations, damage our reputation, and expose us to claims from customers, financial institutions, payment card associations and other persons, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, compliance with more rigorous privacy and information security laws and standards may result in significant expense due to increased investment in technology and the development of new operational processes.


Risks Related to the Retail Pharmacy and PBM Industries in which we Operate

The markets in which we operate are very competitive and further increases in competition could adversely affect us.

        We face intense competition with local, regional and national companies, including other drugstore chains, independently owned drugstores, supermarkets, mass merchandisers, dollar stores and internet pharmacies. Competition from discount stores has significantly increased during the past few years. Some of our competitors have or may merge with or acquire pharmaceutical services companies, PBMs, mail order facilities or enter into strategic partnership alliances with wholesalers or PBMs, which may further increase competition. We may not be able to effectively compete against them because our existing or potential competitors may have financial and other resources that are superior to ours. We also face competition from other PBMs, including large, national PBMs, PBMs owned by national health plans and smaller standalone PBMs. Certain of these competitors entered into the PBM industry before us, and there is no assurance that we will successfully compete with entities with more established PBM businesses. Further, we may be at a competitive disadvantage because we are more highly leveraged than our competitors. The ability of our stores to achieve profitability depends on their ability to achieve a critical mass of loyal, repeat customers. We cannot assure you that we will be able to continue to effectively compete in our markets or increase our sales volume in response to further increased competition.

Consolidation in the healthcare industry could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Many organizations in the healthcare industry, including PBMs, have consolidated to create larger healthcare enterprises with greater market power, which has contributed to continued pricing pressures. If this consolidation trend continues, it could give the resulting enterprises even greater bargaining power, which may lead to further pressure on the prices for our products and services and/or reduce our access to customers. If these pressures result in reductions in our prices and/or reduce our access to customers, our business will become less profitable unless we are able to achieve corresponding reductions in costs or develop profitable new revenue streams. We expect that market demand, government regulation, third-party reimbursement policies, government contracting requirements, and societal pressures will continue to cause the healthcare industry to evolve, potentially resulting in further business consolidations and alliances among the industry participants we engage with, which may adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The availability of pharmacy drugs is subject to governmental regulations.

        The continued conversion of various prescription drugs, including potential conversions of a number of popular medications, to over-the-counter medications may reduce our pharmacy sales and customers may seek to purchase such medications at non-pharmacy stores. Also, if the rate at which new prescription drugs become available slows or if new prescription drugs that are introduced into the market fail to achieve popularity, our pharmacy sales may be adversely affected. The withdrawal of certain drugs from the market or concerns about the safety or effectiveness of certain drugs or negative publicity surrounding certain categories of drugs may also have a negative effect on our pharmacy sales or may cause shifts in our pharmacy or front-end product mix.

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Changes in third party reimbursement levels for prescription drugs and changes in industry pricing benchmarks could reduce our margins and have a material adverse effect on our business.

        Sales of prescription drugs reimbursed by third party payors, including the Medicare Part D plans and state sponsored Medicaid and related managed care Medicaid agencies, represented substantially all of our pharmacy sales in our Retail Pharmacy segment in fiscal 2019.

        The continued efforts of the Federal government, health maintenance organizations, managed care organizations, PBM companies, other State and local government entities, and other third-party payors to reduce prescription drug costs and pharmacy reimbursement rates, as well as litigation relating to how drugs are priced, may impact our profitability. In addition, some of these entities may offer pricing terms that we may not be willing to accept or otherwise restrict or exclude our participation in their networks of pharmacy providers. Any significant loss of third-party business could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. In particular, there has been a growth in the number of preferred Medicare Part D networks, many of which we are excluded from participating in. Decreased reimbursement payments to retail and mail order pharmacies for brand and generic drugs has caused a reduction in our profit. Historically, the effect of this trend has been mitigated by our efforts to negotiate reduced acquisition costs of generic pharmaceuticals with manufacturers. Additionally, it has resulted in us providing contractual financial performance guarantees to certain of our PBM clients with respect to minimum drug price discounts for our retail pharmacy network and mail order pharmacy. Any inability to achieve guaranteed minimum drug price discounts provided to our PBM clients could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

        In addition, it is possible that the pharmaceutical industry or regulators may evaluate and/or develop an alternative pricing reference to replace Average Wholesale Price ("AWP"), which is the pricing reference used for many of our PBM client contracts, pharmaceutical manufacturer rebate agreements, retail pharmacy network contracts, specialty payor agreements and other contracts with third party payors in connection with the reimbursement of drug payments. Future changes to the use of AWP or to other published pricing benchmarks used to establish pharmaceutical pricing, including changes in the basis for calculating reimbursement by federal and state health programs and/or other payors, could impact the reimbursement we receive from Medicare programs and Medicaid health plans, the reimbursement we receive from PBM clients and other payors and/or our ability to negotiate rebates with pharmaceutical manufacturers, acquisition discounts with wholesalers and retail discounts with network pharmacies. The effect of these possible changes on our business cannot be predicted at this time.

        During the past several years, the United States health care industry has been subject to an increase in governmental regulation, licensing and audits at both the federal and state levels. Efforts to control health care costs, including prescription drug costs, are continuing at the federal and state government levels. Changing political, economic and regulatory influences may significantly affect health care financing and reimbursement practices. A change in the composition of pharmacy prescription volume toward programs offering lower reimbursement rates could negatively impact our profitability. Additionally, significant changes in legislation, regulation and government policy could significantly impact our business and the health care and retail industries. While it is not possible to predict whether and when any such changes will occur or what form any such changes may take, specific proposals discussed during and after the election that could have a material adverse effect on our business include, but are not limited to, the repeal of all or part of the ACA and other significant changes to health care system legislation as well as changes with respect to tax and trade policies, tariffs and other government regulations affecting trade between the United States and other countries.

        The repeal of all or part of the ACA, significant changes to Medicaid funding or even significant destabilization of the Health Insurance Marketplaces could impact the number of Americans with health insurance and, consequently, prescription drug coverage. Even if the ACA remains, significant

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provisions of the ACA have not yet been finalized (e.g., nondiscrimination in health programs and activities, excise tax on high-cost employer-sponsored health coverage) and it is uncertain whether or in what form these provisions will be finalized. We cannot predict the effect, if any, a repeal of all or part of the ACA, the implementation or failure to implement the outstanding provisions of the ACA, or the enactment of new health care system legislation to replace current legislation may have on our retail pharmacy, LTC pharmacy and pharmacy services operations.

A substantial portion of our pharmacy revenue is currently generated from a limited number of third party payors, and, if there is a loss of, or significant change to prescription drug reimbursement rates by, a major third party payor, our revenue will decrease and our business and prospects could be adversely impacted.

        A substantial portion of our pharmacy revenue is currently generated from a limited number of third party payors. While we are not limited in the number of third party payors with which we can do business and results may vary over time, our top five third party payors accounted for 80.4%, 78.6%, and 77.1% of our pharmacy revenue during fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The largest third party payor, Caremark, represented 28.3% and 27.2% of pharmacy sales during fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively. The largest third party payor during fiscal 2017, Express Scripts, represented 26.0% of pharmacy sales. We expect that a limited number of third party payors will continue to account for a significant percentage of our pharmacy revenue, and the loss of all or a portion of, or a significant change to customer access or prescription drug reimbursement rates by, a major third party payor could decrease our revenue and harm our business.

We are subject to governmental regulations, procedures and requirements; our noncompliance or a significant regulatory change could adversely affect our business, the results of our operations or our financial condition.

        Our business is subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations. Changes in these regulations may require extensive system and operating changes that may be difficult to implement. Untimely compliance or noncompliance with applicable regulations could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties that could adversely affect the continued operation of our business, including: (i) suspension of payments from government programs; (ii) loss of required government certifications; (iii) loss of authorizations or changes in requirements for participating in, or exclusion from government reimbursement programs, such as the Medicare and Medicaid programs; (iv) loss of licenses; or (v) significant fines or monetary penalties. The regulations to which we are subject include, but are not limited to, federal, state and local registration and regulation of pharmacies; dispensing and sale of controlled substances and products containing pseudoephedrine; applicable Medicare and Medicaid Regulations; the HIPAA; regulations relating to the protection of the environment and health and safety matters, including those governing exposure to and the management and disposal of hazardous substances; regulations enforced by the U. S. Federal Trade Commission, the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Drug Enforcement Administration as well as state regulatory authorities, governing the sale, advertisement and promotion of products we sell; anti-kickback laws; false claims laws and federal and state laws governing the practice of the profession of pharmacy. We are also governed by federal and state laws of general applicability, including laws regulating matters of wage and hour laws, working conditions, health and safety and equal employment opportunity.

        Additionally, Congress passed the ACA in 2010, which resulted in significant structural changes to the health insurance system. However, in December 2017, the individual mandate was repealed. If the individual mandate repeal or a rollback of other aspects of the ACA, such as Medicaid expansion, actually leads to a significant reduction in demand for the healthcare services, the demand for our pharmacy services businesses may decline and could have a material impact on our business. Therefore, we cannot predict what effect, if any, the repeal of all or part of the ACA or any subsequent replacement legislation may have on our retail pharmacy and pharmacy services businesses.

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Certain risks are inherent in providing pharmacy services; our insurance may not be adequate to cover any claims against us.

        Pharmacies are exposed to risks inherent in the packaging and distribution of pharmaceuticals and other healthcare products, such as with respect to improper filling of prescriptions, labeling of prescriptions, adequacy of warnings, unintentional distribution of counterfeit drugs and expiration of drugs. In addition, federal and state laws that require our pharmacists to offer counseling, without additional charge, to customers about medication, dosage, delivery systems, common side effects and other information the pharmacists deem significant can impact our business. Our pharmacists may also have a duty to warn customers regarding any potential negative effects of a prescription drug if the warning could reduce or negate these effects. Although we maintain professional liability and errors and omissions liability insurance, from time to time, claims result in the payment of significant amounts, some portions of which are not funded by insurance. We cannot assure you that the coverage limits under our insurance programs will be adequate to protect us against future claims, or that we will be able to maintain this insurance on acceptable terms in the future. Our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows may be adversely affected if in the future our insurance coverage proves to be inadequate or unavailable or there is an increase in liability for which we self-insure or we suffer reputational harm as a result of an error or omission.

We may be subject to significant liability should the consumption of any of our products cause injury, illness or death.

        Products that we sell could become subject to contamination, product tampering, mislabeling or other damage requiring us to recall our products. In addition, errors in the dispensing and packaging of pharmaceuticals could lead to serious injury or death. Product liability claims may be asserted against us with respect to any of the products or pharmaceuticals we sell and we may be obligated to recall our products. A product liability judgment against us or a product recall could have a material, adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Risks of declining gross margins in the PBM industry could adversely impact our profitability.

        The PBM industry has been experiencing margin pressure as a result of competitive pressures and increased client demands for lower prices, enhanced service offerings and/or better service levels, and higher rebate yields. With respect to rebate yields, we maintain contractual relationships with brand name pharmaceutical manufacturers that provide for rebates on drugs dispensed by pharmacies in our retail network and by our mail order pharmacy (all or a portion of which may be passed on to clients). Manufacturer rebates often depend on a PBM's ability to meet contractual market share or other requirements, including in some cases the placement of a manufacturer's products on the PBM's formularies. If we lose our relationship with one or more pharmaceutical manufacturers, or if the rebates provided by pharmaceutical manufacturers decline, our business and financial results could be adversely affected. Further, changes in existing federal or state laws or regulations or the adoption of new laws or regulations relating to patent term extensions, rebate arrangements with pharmaceutical manufacturers, or to formulary management or other PBM services could also reduce the manufacturer rebates we receive.

        We also maintain contractual relationships with participating pharmacies that provide for discounts on retail transactions for generic drugs and brand drugs dispensed by pharmacies in our retail network. If we lose our relationship with one or more of the larger pharmacies in our network, or if the retail discounts provided by network pharmacies decline, our business and financial results could be adversely affected. In addition, changes in federal or state laws or regulations or the adoption of new laws or regulations relating to claims processing and billing, including our ability to collect network administration and technology fees, could adversely impact our profitability.

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The possibility of PBM client loss and/or the failure to win new PBM business could impact our ability to secure new business.

        Our PBM business generates net revenues primarily by contracting with clients to provide prescription drugs and related health care services to plan members. PBM client contracts often have terms of approximately three years in duration, so approximately one third of a PBM's client base typically is subject to renewal each year. In some cases, however, PBM clients may negotiate a shorter or longer contract term or may require early or periodic renegotiation of pricing prior to expiration of a contract. In addition, the reputational impact of a service-related incident could negatively affect our ability to grow and retain our client base. Further, the PBM industry has been impacted by consolidation activity that may continue in the future. In the event one or more of our PBM clients is acquired by an entity that obtains PBM services from a competitor, we may be unable to retain all or a portion of our clients' business. Because of the competitive nature of the business, we continually face challenges in competing for new PBM business and retaining or renewing our existing PBM business. There can be no assurance that we will be able to win new business or secure renewal business on terms as favorable to us as the present terms. These circumstances, either individually or in the aggregate, could result in an adverse effect on our business and financial results.

Regulatory or business changes relating to our participation in Medicare Part D, the loss of Medicare Part D eligible members, or our failure to otherwise execute on our strategies related to Medicare Part D, may adversely impact our business and our financial results.

        One of our subsidiaries, EIC, is an insurer domiciled in Ohio (with Ohio as its primary insurance regulator) and licensed in all 50 states, and is approved to function as a Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plan ("PDP") plan sponsor for purposes of individual insurance products offered to Medicare-eligible beneficiaries and for purposes of making employer/union-only group waiver plans available for eligible clients. We also provide other products and services in support of our clients' Medicare Part D plans or the Federal Retiree Drug Subsidy program. We have made, and may be required to make further, substantial investments in working capital as well as the personnel and technology necessary to administer our Medicare Part D strategy. There are many uncertainties about the financial and regulatory risks of participating in the Medicare Part D program and we can give no assurance that these risks will not materially adversely impact our business and financial results in future periods.

        EIC is subject to various contractual and regulatory compliance requirements associated with participating in Medicare Part D. EIC is subject to certain aspects of state laws regulating the business of insurance in all jurisdictions in which EIC offers its PDP plans. As a PDP sponsor, EIC is required to comply with Federal Medicare Part D laws and regulations applicable to PDP sponsors. Additionally, the receipt of Federal funds made available through the Part D program by us, our affiliates, or clients is subject to compliance with the Part D regulations and established laws and regulations governing the Federal government's payment for healthcare goods and services, including the Anti-Kickback Statute and the False Claims Act. Similar to our requirements with other clients, our policies and practices associated with operating our PDP are subject to audit. If material contractual or regulatory non-compliance was to be identified, monetary penalties and/or applicable sanctions, including suspension of enrollment and marketing or debarment from participation in Medicare programs, could be imposed. Further, the adoption or promulgation of new or more complex regulatory requirements associated with Medicare may require us to incur significant costs which could adversely impact our business and our financial results.

        In addition, due to the availability of Medicare Part D, some of our employer clients may decide to stop providing pharmacy benefit coverage to retirees, instead allowing the retirees to choose their own Part D plans, which could cause a reduction in demand for our Medicare Part D group insurance products. Extensive competition among Medicare Part D plans could also result in the loss of Medicare Part D members by our managed care customers, which would also result in a decline in our

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membership base. For example, if we were to lose our current Star rating with the CMS, fewer customers may select our plans, which could have an adverse effect on our financial results. Like many aspects of our business, the administration of the Medicare Part D program is complex. Any failure to execute the provisions of the Medicare Part D program may have an adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. As discussed above, in March 2010, comprehensive healthcare reform was enacted into federal law through the passage of the ACA. Additionally, as described above, the ACA contains various changes to the Part D program and could have a financial impact on our PDP and our clients' demand for our other Part D products and services. Further, it is unclear what effect, if any, the repeal of all or part of the ACA may have on the Part D program.

Failure to timely identify or effectively respond to changing consumer preferences and spending patterns, an inability to expand the products being purchased by our clients and customers, or the failure or inability to obtain or offer particular categories of products could negatively affect our relationship with our clients and customers and the demand for our products and services.

        The success of our business depends in part on customer loyalty, superior customer service and our ability to persuade customers to purchase products in additional categories and our private label brands. Failure to timely identify or effectively respond to changing consumer preferences and spending patterns, an inability to expand the products being purchased by our clients and customers, or the failure or inability to obtain or offer particular categories of products could negatively affect our relationship with our clients and customers and the demand for our products and services.

        We offer our customers private label brand products that are available exclusively at our stores and through our online retail site. The sale of private label products subjects us to unique risks including potential product liability risks and mandatory or voluntary product recalls, our ability to successfully protect our intellectual property rights and the rights of applicable third parties, and other risks generally encountered by entities that source, market and sell private-label products. Any failure to adequately address some or all of these risks could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, an increase in the sales of our private label brands may negatively affect our sales of national-branded products which consequently, could adversely impact certain of our supplier relationships. Our ability to locate qualified, economically stable suppliers who satisfy our requirements, and to acquire sufficient products in a timely and effective manner, is critical to ensuring, among other things, that customer confidence is not diminished. Any failure to develop sourcing relationships with a broad and deep supplier base could adversely affect our financial performance and erode customer loyalty.

        Moreover, customer expectations and new technology advances from our competitors have required that our business evolve so that we are able to interface with our retail customers not only face-to-face in our stores but also online and via mobile and social media. Our customers are using computers, tablets, mobile phones and other electronic devices to shop in our stores and online, as well as to provide public reactions concerning each facet of our operation. If we fail to keep pace with dynamic customer expectations and new technology developments, our ability to compete and maintain customer loyalty could be adversely affected.

        Finally, EnvisionRx's specialty pharmacy business focuses on complex and high-cost medications that serve a relatively limited universe of patients. As a result, the future growth of our specialty pharmacy business is dependent largely upon expanding our base of drugs or penetration in certain treatment categories. Any contraction of our base of patients or reduction in demand for the prescriptions we currently dispense could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Risks Related to the Sale

The Sale of the remaining distribution centers pursuant to the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement is subject to certain minimal customary closing conditions, and there can be no assurances as to whether and when the sale of such distribution centers may be completed. Failure to complete the Sale could disrupt our business and negatively impact our stock price, future business and financial results and could result in significant changes to our strategy.

        There can be no assurance that the closing of the two remaining distribution centers in the Sale to WBA will occur. While the majority of the closing conditions to the Sale have been satisfied, the transfers of Rite Aid's remaining distribution centers and related assets to WBA remain subject to minimal customary closing conditions applicable only to the distribution centers being transferred at such distribution center closings, as specified in the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement. There can be no assurance that the minimal remaining closing conditions will be satisfied, or that the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale will be completed.

        If the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale are not completed for any reason, we will have incurred substantial expenses. We have incurred substantial legal, accounting and financial advisory fees that are payable by us whether or not the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale are completed, and our management has devoted considerable time and effort in connection with the Sale. We cannot assure you that a delay would not also cause disruptions in and create uncertainty regarding our business. In addition, the trading price of our common stock could be adversely affected to the extent that the current price reflects an assumption that the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale will be completed. Additionally, there may be changes to our strategy in the event that the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale do not close, which may include delaying or reducing capital or other expenditures, selling assets or other operations, closing underperforming stores, attempting to restructure or refinance our debt, seeking additional capital or incurring other costs associated with restructuring our business. Additionally, we may not be able to restructure or refinance our existing debt on satisfactory terms or in a timely manner. Any of these event could cause us to incur significant charges. For these and other reasons, a failure to complete the remaining distribution center closings of the Sale could materially adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

Item 1B.    Unresolved SEC Staff Comments

        None

Item 2.    Properties

        As of March 2, 2019, we operated 2,469 retail drugstores. The average selling square feet of each store in our chain is approximately 10,500 square feet. The average total square feet of each store in our chain is approximately 13,600. The stores in the eastern part of the U.S. average 8,800 selling square feet per store (11,200 average total square feet per store). The stores in the western part of the U.S. average 14,300 selling square feet per store (19,000 average total square feet per store).

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        The table below identifies the number of stores by state as of March 2, 2019:

State
  Store
Count
 

California

    540  

Colorado

    3  

Connecticut

    34  

Delaware

    38  

Idaho

    14  

Massachusetts

    10  

Maryland

    44  

Michigan

    262  

Nevada

    1  

New Hampshire

    61  

New Jersey

    129  

New York

    318  

Ohio

    208  

Oregon

    72  

Pennsylvania

    520  

Vermont

    6  

Virginia

    72  

Washington

    137  

Total

    2,469  

        Our stores have the following attributes at March 2, 2019:

Attribute
  Number   Percentage  

Freestanding

    1,441     58.4 %

Drive through pharmacy

    1,326     53.7 %

GNC stores within a Rite Aid store

    1,532     62.0 %

        We lease 2,338 of our operating drugstore facilities under non-cancelable leases, many of which have original terms of 10 to 22 years. In addition to minimum rental payments, which are set at competitive market rates, certain leases require additional payments based on sales volume, as well as reimbursement for taxes, maintenance and insurance. Most of our leases contain renewal options, some of which involve rent increases. The remaining 131 drugstore facilities are owned.

        We own our corporate headquarters, which is located in a 213,000 square foot building at 30 Hunter Lane, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania 17011. We lease 547,000 square feet of space in various buildings near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania for document warehousing use and additional administrative personnel. We own additional buildings near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania which total 100,000 square feet and house our model store and additional administrative personnel.

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        We operate the following distribution centers and satellite distribution locations, which we own or lease as indicated(1):

Location
  Owned or
Leased
  Approximate
Square Footage
 

Distribution centers, continuing operations

           

Perryman, Maryland

  Owned     885,000  

Perryman, Maryland(2)

  Leased     262,000  

Pontiac, Michigan

  Owned     325,000  

Woodland, California

  Owned     513,000  

Woodland, California(2)

  Leased     220,000  

Wilsonville, Oregon

  Leased     547,000  

Lancaster, California

  Owned     914,000  

Liverpool, New York

  Owned     828,000  

Liverpool, New York(2)

  Leased     70,000  

(1)
The distribution centers included in this table exclude the distribution centers that have been or will be transferred to WBA pursuant to the Sale.

(2)
Satellite distribution locations.

        The original terms of the leases for our distribution centers and satellite distribution locations range from 5 to 20 years. In addition to minimum rental payments, certain distribution centers require tax reimbursement, maintenance and insurance. Most leases contain renewal options, some of which involve rent increases. Although from time to time, we may be near capacity at some of our distribution facilities, particularly at our older facilities, we believe that the capacity of our facilities is adequate.

        We also own a 55,600 square foot ice cream manufacturing facility and lease a 32,000 square foot storage facility located in El Monte, California.

        We lease approximately 19,800 square feet in 36 HEB grocery stores in Texas under a master lease agreement that contains various renewal options through 2024.

        Our Pharmacy Services segment leases approximately 246,000 square feet of space in various buildings primarily in Twinsburg, Ohio for additional administrative personnel. In addition, we own approximately 52,000 square feet of space in North Canton, Ohio for our mail order and specialty drug facilities.

        On a regular basis and as part of our normal business, we evaluate store performance and may reduce in size, close or relocate a store if the store is redundant, underperforming or otherwise deemed unsuitable. We also evaluate strategic dispositions and acquisitions of facilities and prescription files. When we reduce in size, close or relocate a store or close distribution center facilities, we often continue to have leasing obligations or own the property. We attempt to sublease this space. As of March 2, 2019, we had 4,305,027 square feet of excess space, 2,110,399 square feet of which was subleased.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        The information in response to this item is incorporated herein by reference to Note 21, Commitments, Contingencies and Guarantees of the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Annual Report.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

        Not applicable

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

        On April 10, 2019, our Board of Directors approved a one-for-twenty reverse stock split of our outstanding shares of common stock. The reverse stock split was effected on April 18, 2019 at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time. At the effective time, every twenty issued and outstanding shares of our common stock were converted into one share of common stock. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the reverse stock split, and in lieu thereof, each stockholder holding fractional shares was entitled to receive a cash payment (without interest or deduction) from the Company's transfer agent in an amount equal to such stockholder's respective pro rata shares of the total net proceeds from the Company's transfer agent sale of all fractional shares at the then-prevailing prices on the open market. In connection with the reverse stock split, the number of authorized shares of our common stock was also reduced on a one-for-twenty basis, from 1.5 billion to 75 million. The par value of each share of common stock remained unchanged. A proportionate adjustment was also made to the maximum number of shares issuable under the Company's 2014 Equity Incentive Plan.

        Our common stock is listed on the NYSE under the symbol "RAD." On April 16, 2019, we had approximately 10,085 stockholders of record. The following table shows the quarterly high and low sales prices for our common stock, adjusted on a retroactive basis to reflect the reverse stock split:

Fiscal Year
  Quarter   High   Low  

2020 (through April 16, 2019)

  First   $ 15.00   $ 8.80  

2019

  First     39.60     29.20  

  Second     42.40     25.40  

  Third     27.80     19.60  

  Fourth     23.00     12.00  

2018

  First     120.40     66.40  

  Second     84.20     44.20  

  Third     56.00     27.60  

  Fourth     51.00     34.20  

        We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock since the third quarter of fiscal 2000 and we do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Our senior secured credit facility and some of the indentures that govern our other outstanding indebtedness restrict our ability to pay dividends.

        We have not sold any unregistered equity securities during the period covered by this report, nor have we repurchased any of our common stock, during the period covered by this report.


STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

        The graph below compares the yearly percentage change in the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock for the last five fiscal years with the cumulative total return on (i) the Russell 1000 Consumer Staples Index, (ii) the Russell 2000 Consumer Staples Index, (iii) the Russell 1000 Index, and (iv) the Russell 2000 Index, over the same period (assuming the investment of $100.00 in our common stock and such indexes on March 1, 2014 and reinvestment of dividends).

        For comparison of cumulative total return, we have elected to use the Russell 2000 Consumer Staples Index, consisting of 51 companies, and the Russell 2000 Index. In the past we used the Russell 1000 Consumer Staples Index and the Russell 1000 Index but we feel this is a better comparison of the Company to a peer group of similar sized companies. The Russell 2000 Consumer Staples Index is a capitalization-weighted index of companies that provide products directly to consumers that are

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typically considered nondiscretionary items based on consumer purchasing habits. The Russell 2000 Index consists of the smallest 2000 companies in the Russell 3000 Index and represents the universe of small capitalization stocks from which many active money managers typically select.


STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH
Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return
Assumes Initial Investment of $100 on March 1, 2014
March 2, 2019

GRAPHIC

 
  2015   2016   2017   2018   2019  

RITE AID CORP

    121.09     120.79     82.70     28.98     11.08  

Russell 1000 Index

    114.88     107.40     134.89     155.10     165.06  

Russell 1000 Consumer Staples Index

    122.20     129.04     144.22     139.84     142.04  

Russell 2000 Index

    105.63     90.10     122.93     136.97     143.93  

Russell 2000 Consumer Staples Index

    115.48     116.28     126.28     128.38     134.69  

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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data—Continuing Operations

        The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations" and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes.

 
  Fiscal Year Ended(2)  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 weeks)(*)
  March 3,
2018
(52 weeks)(*)
  March 4,
2017
(53 weeks)(*)
  February 27,
2016
(52 weeks)(*)
  February 28,
2015
(52 weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 

Summary of Continuing Operations:

                               

Revenues from continuing operations

  $ 21,639,557   $ 21,528,968   $ 22,927,540   $ 20,770,237   $ 16,558,195  

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

    (666,954 )   (349,532 )   4,080     102,088     2,011,846  

Basic and diluted income per share:

                               

Basic (loss) income per share from continuing operations

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08   $ 1.99   $ 41.43  

Diluted (loss) income per share from continuing operations

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08   $ 1.96   $ 39.53  

Total assets(1)

    7,591,367     8,989,327     11,593,752     11,277,010     8,777,425  

Total debt(1)

    3,494,760     3,942,292     7,328,693     6,994,136     5,559,116  

(*)
Includes the results of the Pharmacy Services segment, which was acquired on June 24, 2015.

(1)
As of February 27, 2016, the Company early adopted Accounting Standard Update No. 2015-03, Interest—Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board in April 2015. The effect of the adoption on the Company's consolidated balance sheet is a reduction in other assets and long-term debt, net of current maturities of $85,827 as of February 28, 2015.

(2)
As noted above, and further detailed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements, in connection with the Sale, the Company has applied discontinued operations treatment for the Sale as required by Accounting Standards Codification 210-05—Discontinued Operations ("ASC 210-05"). In accordance with ASC 205-20, the Company reclassified the assets and liabilities to be sold, including 1,932 stores (the "Acquired Stores"), three (3) distribution centers, related inventory and other specified assets and liabilities thereto (collectively the "Assets to be Sold" or "Disposal Group") to assets and liabilities held for sale on its consolidated balance sheets, and reclassified the financial results of the Disposal Group in its consolidated statements of operations and consolidated statements of cash flows for all periods presented.

Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Continuing Operations

Overview

        We are a pharmacy retail healthcare company, providing our customers and communities with a high level of care and service through various programs we offer through our two reportable business segments, our Retail Pharmacy segment and our Pharmacy Services segment. We accomplish our goal of delivering comprehensive care to our customers through our retail drugstores, RediClinic walk-in retail health clinics and our transparent and traditional PBMs EnvisionRxOptions and MedTrak. We also offer fully integrated mail-order and specialty pharmacy services through EnvisionPharmacies. Additionally through EIC, EnvisionRxOptions also serves one of the fastest-growing demographics in

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healthcare: seniors enrolled in Medicare Part D. When combined with our retail platform, this comprehensive suite of services allows us to provide value and choice to customers, patients and payors and allows us to succeed in today's evolving healthcare marketplace.

    Retail Pharmacy Segment

        Our Retail Pharmacy segment sells brand and generic prescription drugs, as well as an assortment of front-end products including health and beauty aids, personal care products, seasonal merchandise, and a large private brand product line. Our Retail Pharmacy segment generates the majority of its revenue through the sale of prescription drugs and front-end products at our 2,469 retail stores. We replenish our retail stores through a combination of direct store delivery of pharmaceutical products facilitated through our pharmaceutical Purchasing and Delivery Agreement with McKesson, and the majority of our front-end products through our network of distribution centers. In addition, the Retail Pharmacy segment includes 65 RediClinic walk-in retail clinics, of which, as of March 2, 2019, 29 were located within Rite Aid retail stores in the Philadelphia and New Jersey markets.

    Pharmacy Services Segment

        Our Pharmacy Services segment, which was formed on June 24, 2015 through our acquisition of EnvisionRxOptions, provides a full range of pharmacy benefit services. The Pharmacy Services segment provides both transparent and traditional PBM options through its EnvisionRxOptions and MedTrak PBMs, respectively. EnvisionRxOptions also offers fully integrated mail-order and specialty pharmacy services through EnvisionPharmacies; an innovative claims adjudication software platform in Laker Software; and a national Medicare Part D prescription drug plan through EIC's EnvisionRx Plus product offering. The segment's clients are primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans, Medicare plans, other sponsors of health benefit plans and individuals throughout the United States.

Termination of the Merger Agreement with Albertsons Companies, Inc.

        On February 18, 2018, we entered into the Merger Agreement with Albertsons and the Merger Subs. On August 8, 2018, Rite Aid, Albertsons and the Merger Subs entered into the Merger Termination Agreement under which the parties mutually agreed to terminate the Merger Agreement. Subject to limited customary exceptions, the Merger Termination Agreement mutually releases the parties from any claims of liability to one another relating to the contemplated Merger. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, neither Rite Aid nor Albertsons is responsible for any payments to the other party as a result of the termination of the Merger Agreement and Rite Aid is no longer subject to the interim operating covenants and restrictions in the Merger Agreement.

Asset Sale to WBA

        On September 18, 2017, we entered into the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement with WBA and Buyer, which amended and restated in its entirety the previously disclosed Original Asset Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement, Buyer agreed to purchase from Rite Aid 1,932 Acquired Stores, three distribution centers, related inventory and other specified assets and liabilities related thereto for a purchase price of approximately $4.375 billion, on a cash-free, debt-free basis, in the Sale.

        We announced on September 19, 2017 that the waiting period under the HSR Act expired with respect to the Sale. We completed the store transfer process in March of 2018, which resulted in the transfer of all 1,932 stores and related assets to WBA and have received cash proceeds of $4.157 billion. On September 13, 2018, we completed the sale of one of our distribution centers and

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related assets to WBA for proceeds of $61.2 million. The transfer of the two remaining distribution centers and related assets remains subject to minimal customary closing conditions applicable only to the distribution centers being transferred at such distribution center closings, as specified in the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement.

        The parties to the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement have each made customary representations and warranties. We have agreed to various covenants and agreements, including, among others, our agreement to conduct our business at the distribution centers being sold to WBA in the ordinary course during the period between the execution of the Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement and the distribution center closing. We have also agreed to provide transition services to Buyer for up to three years after the initial closing of the Sale. Under the terms of the TSA, we provide various services on behalf of WBA, including but not limited to the purchase and distribution of inventory and virtually all selling, general and administrative activities. The initial term of the TSA continues until October 17, 2019 and may be extended for up to two additional periods of six months each upon WBA providing written notice to Rite Aid at least 90 days prior to the expiration of the then-current term. In connection with these services, we purchase the related inventory and incur cash payments for the selling, general and administrative activities, which, we bill on a cash neutral basis to WBA in accordance with terms as outlined in the TSA. Total billings for these items during the fifty-two week periods ended March 2, 2019 and March 3, 2018 were $6.9 billion and $0.7 billion, respectively, of which $293.7 million and $354.3 million is included in Accounts receivable, net. We charged WBA TSA fees of $80.2 million during the fifty-two week period ended March 2, 2019 and $8.4 million in the fifty-two week period ended March 3, 2018, which are reflected as a reduction to selling, general and administrative expenses.

        Based on its magnitude and because we exited certain markets, the Sale represented a significant strategic shift that has a material effect on our operations and financial results. Accordingly, we have applied discontinued operations treatment for the Sale as required by GAAP.

Overview of Financial Results from Continuing Operations

        Net Loss:    Our net loss from continuing operations for fiscal 2019 was $667.0 million or $12.62 per basic and diluted share compared to net loss from continuing operations for fiscal 2018 of $349.5 million or $6.66 per basic and diluted share. The decline in our operating results was due primarily to increased goodwill and intangible asset charges, increased lease termination and impairment charges, increased LIFO expense and a prior year gain caused by the receipt of a merger termination fee from WBA. These items were partially offset by a decrease in income tax expense.

        Adjusted EBITDA:    Our Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for fiscal 2019 was $563.4 million or 2.6 percent of revenues, compared to $559.9 million or 2.6 percent of revenues for fiscal year 2018. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations was due primarily to an increase of $16.9 million in the Retail Pharmacy segment, partially offset by a decrease of $13.3 million in the Pharmacy Services segment. The increase in Retail Pharmacy segment Adjusted EBITDA was driven primarily by the receipt of $80.2 million of TSA fees from WBA and lower salaries and benefits, partially offset by lower front-end and pharmacy gross profit and increased distribution costs caused partially by the realignment of stores within our distribution network. The decrease in Pharmacy Services segment Adjusted EBITDA was driven by compression in our commercial business and other operating investments to support current year and future growth. Please see the sections entitled "Segment Analysis" and "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional details.

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    Consolidated Results of Operations—Continuing Operations

    Revenue and Other Operating Data

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2, 2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4, 2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands except per share amounts)
 

Revenues(a)

  $ 21,639,557   $ 21,528,968   $ 22,927,540  

Revenue growth (decline)

    0.5 %   (6.1 )%   10.4 %

Net (loss) income

  $ (666,954 ) $ (349,532 ) $ 4,080  

Net (loss) income per diluted share

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08  

Adjusted EBITDA(b)

  $ 563,444   $ 559,854   $ 747,888  

Adjusted Net (Loss) Income(b)

  $ (3,051 ) $ 22,440   $ 133,732  

Adjusted Net (Loss) Income per Diluted Share(b)

  $ (0.06 ) $ 0.42   $ 2.52  

(a)
Revenues for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018 and March 4, 2017 exclude $211,283, $200,326 and $232,964, respectively, of inter-segment activity that is eliminated in consolidation.

(b)
See "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" for additional details.

    Revenues

        Fiscal 2019 compared to Fiscal 2018:    The 0.5% increase in revenues was due primarily to a $197.0 million increase in Pharmacy Services segment revenues, partially offset by a $75.5 million decrease in Retail Pharmacy segment revenues. Same store sales trends for fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 are described in the "Segment Analysis" section below.

        Fiscal 2018 compared to Fiscal 2017:    The 6.1% decrease in revenues was due primarily to a $934.0 million decrease in Retail Pharmacy segment revenues, which includes the extra week in the prior year, and a $497.2 million decrease in Pharmacy Services segment revenues. Same store sales trends for fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017 are described in the "Segment Analysis" section below.

        Please see the section entitled "Segment Analysis" below for additional details regarding revenues.

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    Costs and Expenses

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2, 2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4, 2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Costs of revenues(a)

  $ 16,963,205   $ 16,748,863   $ 17,862,833  

Gross profit

    4,676,352     4,780,105     5,064,707  

Gross margin

    21.6 %   22.2 %   22.1 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses

  $ 4,592,375   $ 4,651,262   $ 4,776,995  

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues

    21.2 %   21.6 %   20.8 %

Lease termination and impairment charges

    107,994     58,765     45,778  

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges

    375,190     261,727      

Interest expense

    227,728     202,768     200,065  

Loss on debt retirements, net

    554          

Walgreens Boots Alliance merger termination fee

        (325,000 )    

Gain on sale of assets, net

    (38,012 )   (25,872 )   (6,649 )

(a)
Cost of revenues for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018 and March 4, 2017 exclude $211,283, $200,326 and $232,964, respectively, of inter-segment activity that is eliminated in consolidation.

    Gross Profit and Cost of Revenues

        Gross profit decreased by $103.8 million in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. Gross profit for fiscal 2019 includes a decline of $113.7 million in our Retail Pharmacy segment, partially offset by an increase in gross profit of $9.9 million relating to our Pharmacy Services segment. Gross margin was 21.6% for fiscal 2019 compared to 22.2% in fiscal 2018. Please see the section entitled "Segment Analysis" for a more detailed description of gross profit and gross margin results by segment.

        Gross profit decreased by $284.6 million in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. Gross profit for fiscal 2018 includes a decline of $299.6 million in our Retail Pharmacy segment, which includes the extra week in the prior year, partially offset by an increase in gross profit of $15.0 million relating to our Pharmacy Services segment. Gross margin was 22.2% for fiscal 2018 compared to 22.1% in fiscal 2017. Please see the section entitled "Segment Analysis" for a more detailed description of gross profit and gross margin results by segment.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

        SG&A decreased by $58.9 million in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. The decrease in SG&A includes a decrease of $77.2 million relating to our Retail Pharmacy segment, partially offset by an increase of $18.3 million relating to our Pharmacy Services segment. Please see the section entitled "Segment Analysis" below for additional details regarding SG&A.

        SG&A decreased by $125.7 million in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. The decrease in SG&A includes a decrease of $154.9 million relating to our Retail Pharmacy segment, which includes the extra week in the prior year, partially offset by an increase of $29.2 million relating to our Pharmacy Services segment. Please see the section entitled "Segment Analysis" below for additional details regarding SG&A.

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    Lease Termination and Impairment Charges

    Impairment Charges:

        We evaluate long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset group has a carrying value that may not be recoverable. The individual operating store is the lowest level for which cash flows are identifiable. As such, we evaluate individual stores for recoverability of assets. To determine if a store needs to be tested for recoverability, we consider items such as decreases in market prices, changes in the manner in which the store is being used or physical condition, changes in legal factors or business climate, an accumulation of losses significantly in excess of budget, a current period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a projection of continuing losses, or an expectation that the store will be closed or sold.

        We monitor new and recently relocated stores against operational projections and other strategic factors such as regional economics, new competitive entries and other local market considerations to determine if an impairment evaluation is required. For other stores, we perform a recoverability analysis if they have experienced current-period and historical cash flow losses.

        In performing the recoverability test, we compare the expected future cash flows of a store to the carrying amount of its assets. Significant judgment is used to estimate future cash flows. Major assumptions that contribute to our future cash flow projections include expected sales, gross profit and distribution expenses; expected costs such as payroll, occupancy costs and advertising expenses; and estimates for other significant selling, and general and administrative expenses. Additionally, we take into consideration that certain operating stores are executing specific improvement plans which are monitored quarterly to recoup recent capital investments, such as an acquisition of an independent pharmacy, which we have made to respond to specific competitive or local market conditions, or have specific programs tailored towards a specific geography or market.

        We recorded impairment charges of $63.5 million in fiscal 2019, $37.9 million in fiscal 2018 and $22.7 million in fiscal 2017. Our methodology for recording impairment charges has been consistently applied in the periods presented.

        At March 2, 2019, approximately $1.1 billion of our long-lived assets, including intangible assets, were associated with 2,469 active operating stores.

        If an operating store's estimated future undiscounted cash flows are not sufficient to cover its carrying value, its carrying value is reduced to fair value which is its estimated future discounted cash flows. The discount rate is commensurate with the risks associated with the recovery of a similar asset.

        An impairment charge is recorded in the period that the store does not meet its original return on investment and/or has an operating loss for the last two years and its projected cash flows do not exceed its current asset carrying value. The amount of the impairment charge is the entire difference between the current carrying asset value and the estimated fair value of the assets using discounted future cash flows. Most stores are fully impaired in the period that the impairment charge is originally recorded.

        We recorded impairment charges for active stores of $46.4 million in fiscal 2019, $34.8 million in fiscal 2018 and $20.6 million in fiscal 2017.

        We review key performance results for active stores on a quarterly basis and approve certain stores for closure. Impairment for closed stores, if any (many stores are closed on lease expiration), are recorded in the quarter the closure decision is approved. Closure decisions are made on an individual store or regional basis considering all of the macro-economic, industry and other factors, in addition to, the operating store's individual operating results. We currently have no plans to close a significant number of active stores in future periods. We recorded impairment charges for closed facilities of $2.8 million in fiscal 2019, $3.1 million in fiscal 2018 and $2.0 million in fiscal 2017.

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        The following table summarizes the impairment charges and number of locations, segregated by closed facilities and active stores that have been recorded in fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017:

 
  March 2, 2019   March 3, 2018   March 4, 2017  
(in thousands, except number of stores)
  Number   Charge   Number   Charge   Number   Charge  

Active stores:

                                     

Stores previously impaired(1)

    288   $ 17,939     218   $ 7,313     174   $ 5,022  

New, relocated and remodeled stores(2)          

    22     10,595     28     13,100     22     13,232  

Remaining stores not meeting the recoverability test(3)          

    74     17,885     60     14,369     17     2,369  

Total impairment charges—active stores

    384     46,419     306     34,782     213     20,623  

Total impairment charges—closed facilities

    62     2,788     67     3,091     53     2,008  

Total impairment charges—other(4)

        14,285                  

Total impairment charges—all locations

    446   $ 63,492     373   $ 37,873     266   $ 22,631  

(1)
These charges are related to stores that were impaired for the first time in prior periods. Most active stores, requiring an impairment charge, are fully impaired in the first period that they do not meet their asset recoverability test. However, we do often make ongoing capital additions to certain stores to improve their operating results or to meet geographical competition, which if later are deemed to be unrecoverable, will be impaired in future periods. Of this total, 286, 215 and 173 stores for fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively have been fully impaired. Also included in these charges are an insignificant number of stores, which were only partially impaired in prior years based on our analysis that supported a reduced net book value greater than zero, but now require additional charges.

(2)
These charges are related to new stores (open at least three years) and relocated stores (relocated in the last two years) and significant strategic remodels (remodeled in the last year) that did not meet their recoverability test during the current period. These stores have not met our original return on investment projections and have a historical loss of at least two years. Their future cash flow projections do not recover their current carrying value. Of this total, 21, 23 and 18 stores for fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively have been fully impaired.

(3)
These charges are related to the remaining active stores that did not meet the recoverability test during the current period. These stores have a historical loss of at least two years. Their future cash flow projections do not recover their current carrying value. Of this total, 72, 58 and 16 stores for fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively have been fully impaired.

(4)
These charges are due to the impairment of assets related to the termination of a project to replace the point of sale software used in our stores.

        The primary drivers of our impairment charges are each store's current and historical operating performance and the assumptions that we make about each store's operating performance in future periods. Projected cash flows are updated based on the next year's operating budget which includes the qualitative factors noted above. We are unable to predict with any degree of certainty which individual stores will fall short or exceed future operating plans. Accordingly, we are unable to describe future trends that would affect our impairment charges, including the likely stores and their related asset values that may fail their recoverability test in future periods.

        To the extent that actual future cash flows may differ from our projections materially certain stores that are either not impaired or partially impaired in the current period may be further impaired in future periods. A 50 basis point decrease in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have resulted in an additional fiscal 2019 impairment charge of $0.1 million. A 50 basis point increase

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in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have reduced the fiscal 2019 impairment charge by $0.2 million. A 100 basis point decrease in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have resulted in an additional fiscal 2019 impairment charge of $0.9 million. A 100 basis point increase in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have reduced the fiscal 2019 impairment charge by $0.5 million.

        Lease Termination Charges:    Charges to close a store, which principally consist of continuing lease obligations, are recorded at the time the store is closed and all inventory is liquidated, pursuant to the guidance set forth in ASC 420, "Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations." We calculate our liability for closed stores on a store-by-store basis. The calculation includes the discounted effect of future minimum lease payments and related ancillary costs, from the date of closure to the end of the remaining lease term, net of estimated cost recoveries that may be achieved through subletting properties or through favorable lease terminations. We evaluate these assumptions each quarter and adjust the liability accordingly. As part of our ongoing business activities, we assess stores and distribution centers for potential closure and relocation. Decisions to close or relocate stores or distribution centers in future periods would result in lease termination charges for lease exit costs and liquidation of inventory, as well as impairment of assets at these locations.

        In fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017, we recorded lease termination charges of $44.5 million, $20.9 million and $23.1 million, respectively. These charges related to changes in future assumptions, interest accretion and provisions for 61 stores in fiscal 2019, 11 stores in fiscal 2018 and 17 stores in fiscal 2017. We have no plans to close a significant number of stores in future periods.

    Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges

        In the fiscal second quarter of fiscal 2019 we completed a qualitative goodwill impairment assessment, at which time it was determined after evaluating results, events and circumstances that a quantitative assessment was necessary for the Pharmacy Services segment. The quantitative assessment concluded that the carrying amount of the Pharmacy Services segment exceeded its fair value principally due to a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA that was driven by commercial business compression and an increase in SG&A expenses. This resulted in a goodwill impairment charge of $313.0 million ($235.7 million net of the related income tax benefit) for the fiscal year ended March 2, 2019.

        In the fiscal second quarter of fiscal 2019, due to the loss of access to a fertility drug for a direct to consumer program that the Pharmacy Services segment administered, we recorded an impairment charge to reduce the book value of customer relationships by $48.2 million (gross carrying amount of $77.0 million less accumulated amortization of $28.8 million), and indefinite lived trademarks by $14.0 million both of which charges are included within Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges within the consolidated statement of operations.

    Interest Expense

        In fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017, interest expense was $227.7 million, $202.8 million and $200.1 million, respectively. Interest expense for fiscal 2019 increased by $24.9 million due to higher outstanding debt in fiscal 2019 than our final capital structure as determined under discontinued operations in fiscal 2018. The higher outstanding debt during fiscal 2019 resulted from the tender offer requirements in our 9.25% senior notes due 2020, the 6.75% senior notes due 2021, and the 6.125% senior notes due 2023, which caused a delay in the redemption of our 9.25% senior notes due 2020 and our 6.75% senior notes due 2021 as assumed in our final capital structure under discontinued operations. Interest expense for fiscal 2018 was flat to fiscal 2017.

        The annual weighted average interest rates on our indebtedness in fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017 were 5.6%, 7.1% and 5.4%, respectively.

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    Income Taxes—Continuing Operations

        Income tax expense of $77.5 million, $305.9 million and $44.4 million, has been recorded for fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Net income for fiscal 2019 included a provision for income tax based on an overall tax rate of (13.1)%, which included a (36.0)% impact for an increase to the valuation allowance based on our assessment that it is more likely than not that sufficient taxable income may not be generated to realize the tax benefits of some of our net deferred tax assets.

        Net income for fiscal 2018 included a provision for income tax based on an overall tax rate of (702.7)%. As a result of federal tax reform legislation enacted in the fourth quarter of 2017, our deferred tax assets and liabilities were re-measured to reflect the reduction in the federal tax rate from 35% to 21%. This re-measurement caused a one-time increase in our "Provision for income taxes" line item on our consolidated statement of operations of $324.8 million or (745.8)%. Our effective tax rate is disproportionately high in fiscal 2017 from comparative periods due to low income before taxes relative to items that impact the effective tax rate.

        We recognized tax expense of $91.1 million, $749.7 million and $0.05 million within Net loss (income) from discontinued operations, net of tax, in the Statement of Operations in fiscal 2019, fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, respectively. Our effective income tax rate from discontinued operations included adjustments to the valuation allowance of $(2.4) million, $(22.3) million and $0.01 million for fiscal 2019, fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, respectively.

        ASC 740, "Income Taxes" requires a company to evaluate its deferred tax assets on a regular basis to determine if a valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets is required. We take into account all available positive and negative evidence with regard to the recognition of a deferred tax asset including our past earnings history, expected future earnings, the character and jurisdiction of such earnings, unsettled circumstances that, if unfavorably resolved, would adversely affect recognition of a deferred tax asset, carryback and carryforward periods and tax planning strategies that could potentially enhance the likelihood of realization of a deferred tax asset. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the existence of sufficient taxable income generated in the carryforward periods. Accordingly, changes in the valuation allowance from period to period are included in the tax provision in the period of change.

        We maintained a valuation allowance of $1,091.4 million, $896.8 million and $226.7 million against remaining net deferred tax assets at fiscal year-end 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

        Our ability to utilize the losses and credits to offset future taxable income may be deferred or limited significantly if we were to experience an "ownership change" as defined in section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative change in ownership of the Company's stock by "5-percent shareholders" (as defined in the Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. The Company determined that no ownership change has occurred for purposes of Section 382 for the period ended March 2, 2019. It is important to note, that the limitation that would be created upon an ownership change would only apply to income earned after the event that caused the ownership change.

    Dilutive Equity Issuances

        On March 2, 2019, 54.0 million shares of common stock, which includes unvested restricted shares, were outstanding and an additional 1.0 million shares of common stock were issuable related to outstanding stock options.

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        On March 2, 2019, our 1.0 million shares of potentially issuable common stock consisted of the following (shares in thousands):

Strike price
  Outstanding
Stock
Options(a)
 

$20.00 to $39.99

    722  

$40.00 to $59.99

    149  

$60.00 to $79.99

     

$80.00 to $99.99

     

$100.00 to $119.99

     

$120.00 to $139.99

    10  

$140.00 to $159.99

    69  

$160.00 and over

    85  

Total issuable shares

    1,035  

(a)
The exercise of these options would provide cash of $52.0 million.

    Segment Analysis

        We evaluate the Retail Pharmacy and Pharmacy Services segments' performance based on revenue, gross profit, and Adjusted EBITDA. The following is a reconciliation of our segments to the consolidated financial statements:

 
  Retail
Pharmacy
  Pharmacy
Services
  Intersegment
Eliminations(1)
  Consolidated  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

March 2, 2019:

                         

Revenues

  $ 15,757,152   $ 6,093,688   $ (211,283 ) $ 21,639,557  

Gross Profit

    4,258,716     417,636         4,676,352  

Adjusted EBITDA(*)

    405,206     158,238         563,444  

March 3, 2018:

                         

Revenues

  $ 15,832,625   $ 5,896,669   $ (200,326 ) $ 21,528,968  

Gross Profit

    4,372,373     407,732         4,780,105  

Adjusted EBITDA(*)

    388,320     171,534         559,854  

March 4, 2017:

                         

Revenues

  $ 16,766,620   $ 6,393,884   $ (232,964 ) $ 22,927,540  

Gross Profit

    4,671,975     392,732         5,064,707  

Adjusted EBITDA(*)

    559,653     188,235         747,888  

(1)
Intersegment eliminations include intersegment revenues and corresponding cost of revenues that occur when Pharmacy Services segment customers use Retail Pharmacy segment stores to purchase covered products. When this occurs, both the Retail Pharmacy and Pharmacy Services segments record the revenue on a stand-alone basis.

(*)
See the section entitled "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional details.

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Retail Pharmacy Segment Results of Continuing Operations

    Revenues and Other Operating Data

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2, 2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4, 2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Revenues

  $ 15,757,152   $ 15,832,625   $ 16,766,620  

Revenue decline

    (0.5 )%   (5.6 )%   (0.3 )%

Same store sales growth (decline)

    0.6 %   (2.9 )%   (0.8 )%

Pharmacy sales growth (decline)

    0.6 %   (6.7 )%   (1.6 )%

Same store prescription count growth (decline), adjusted to 30-day equivalents

    0.7 %   (1.8 )%   0.6 %

Same store pharmacy sales growth (decline)

    1.7 %   (3.9 )%   (1.9 )%

Pharmacy sales as a % of total retail sales

    66.6 %   65.9 %   66.7 %

Front-end sales (decline) growth

    (2.5 )%   (3.4 )%   2.2 %

Same store front-end sales (decline) growth

    (1.4 )%   (0.8 )%   1.6 %

Front-end sales as a % of total retail sales

    33.4 %   34.1 %   33.3 %

Adjusted EBITDA(*)

  $ 405,206   $ 388,320   $ 559,653  

Store data (Total):

                   

Total stores (beginning of period)

    2,550     2,604     2,632  

New stores

    1     3     10  

Store acquisitions

            2  

Closed stores

    (82 )   (57 )   (40 )

Total stores (end of period)

    2,469     2,550     2,604  

Relocated stores

    1     20     12  

Remodeled and expanded stores

    134     179     176  

(*)
See the section entitled "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional details.

    Revenues

        Fiscal 2019 compared to Fiscal 2018:    The 0.5% decrease in revenue was primarily the result of store closures, partially offset by a 0.6% increase in same store sales. Same store sales trends for fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 are described in the following paragraphs. We include in same store sales all stores that have been open at least one year except stores in liquidation, which are not included. Relocation stores are not included in same store sales until they have been open for one year.

        Pharmacy same store sales increased 1.7%. Pharmacy same store sales were positively impacted by an increase of 0.7% in same store prescription count compared to the prior year and brand inflation, partially offset by an approximate 1.1% negative impact from generic introductions and a decline in reimbursement rates. Same store prescription counts benefitted from the strong performance in our immunization program and our focus on our clinical capabilities to drive growth in our pharmacy business and cycling prior year network losses in the back half of the year.

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        Front-end same store sales decreased 1.4%. The decline in front-end same store sales was mostly due to cycling last year's strong over-the-counter cough, cold and flu sales, lower summer seasonal sales, a shorter Easter selling season, and soft performance in tobacco due to the prohibition of sales in certain New York stores beginning January 1, 2019.

        Fiscal 2018 compared to Fiscal 2017:    The 5.6% decrease in revenue was primarily the result of revenues of approximately $312.2 million relating to the extra week in fiscal 2017 and a decline in same store sales.

        Pharmacy same store sales decreased 3.9%. Pharmacy same store sales were negatively impacted by continued reimbursement rate pressures and the continued impact of increases in the mix of generic drugs dispensed and a 1.8% reduction in same store prescription count. Pharmacy same store sales were also negatively impacted by the exclusion from certain narrow networks that we participated in the prior year.

        Front-end same store sales decreased 0.8%. The decrease in same store front-end sales was impacted by the competitive promotional environment, partially offset by incremental sales from our 1,649 Wellness format stores.

    Costs and Expenses

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2, 2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4, 2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Costs of revenues

  $ 11,498,436   $ 11,460,252   $ 12,094,645  

Gross profit

    4,258,716     4,372,373     4,671,975  

Gross margin

    27.0 %   27.6 %   27.9 %

FIFO gross profit(*)

    4,282,070     4,343,546     4,668,254  

FIFO gross margin(*)

    27.2 %   27.4 %   27.8 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses

  $ 4,251,378   $ 4,328,567   $ 4,483,496  

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues

    27.0 %   27.3 %   26.7 %

(*)
See the section entitled "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional details.

    Gross Profit and Cost of Revenues

        Gross profit decreased by $113.7 million in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. Gross profit was negatively impacted by a LIFO charge in the current year compared to a LIFO credit in the prior year, lower front-end gross profit due to a decrease in sales volume and increased distribution costs caused partially by the realignment of stores within our distribution network. This realignment drove an increase in labor costs and freight expenses in our distribution network as compared to fiscal 2018.

        Overall gross margin was 27.0% for fiscal 2019 compared to 27.6% in fiscal 2018. Gross margin was lower due to a LIFO charge in the current year compared to a LIFO credit in the prior year and continued pharmacy reimbursement rate pressures that we could not fully offset through generic purchasing efficiencies and script count growth, partially offset by higher front-end gross margin.

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        Gross profit decreased by $299.6 million in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. The decrease in gross profit is due to lower pharmacy gross profit driven by reductions in reimbursement rates that we could not fully offset through generic purchasing efficiencies and a decrease in prescription count. Additionally, gross profit was lower by approximately $82.8 million due to the extra week in fiscal 2017. Overall gross margin was 27.6% for fiscal 2018 compared to 27.9% in fiscal 2017. Gross margin was lower due primarily to continued pharmacy reimbursement rate pressures that we could not fully offset through generic purchasing efficiencies, partially offset by a higher LIFO credit as compared to the prior year.

        We use the LIFO method of inventory valuation, which is determined annually when inflation rates and inventory levels are finalized. Therefore, LIFO costs for interim period financial statements are estimated. The LIFO charge for fiscal 2019 was $23.4 compared to a LIFO credit of $28.8 million in fiscal 2018 and a LIFO credit of $3.7 million in fiscal 2017. The LIFO charge for fiscal 2019 as compared to the LIFO credit in the prior year is due primarily to lower deflation in generic prescription drug costs in the prior year.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

        SG&A as a percentage of revenue was 27.0% in fiscal 2019 compared to 27.3% in fiscal 2018, and decreased $77.2 million. The decrease in SG&A dollars was due primarily to TSA fees received from WBA of $80.2 million and various cost savings initiatives, partially offset by the settlement of a litigation matter, higher merger and acquisition-related charges and increased employee related costs.

        SG&A as a percentage of revenue was 27.3% in fiscal 2018 compared to 26.7% in fiscal 2017, and decreased $154.9 million. The increase in SG&A as a percentage of revenues resulted mostly from the inability to leverage our fixed costs due to our revenue decrease. The decrease in SG&A dollars for fiscal 2018 was primarily due to $75.1 million of SG&A expense relating from the extra week in fiscal 2017 and expense efficiency initiatives that resulted in reduced payroll and operating expenses.

Pharmacy Services Segment Results of Operations

    Revenues and Other Operating Data

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars and plan members in thousands)
 

Revenues

  $ 6,093,688   $ 5,896,669   $ 6,393,884  

Revenue growth (decline)(1)

    3.3 %   (7.8 )%   N/A  

Adjusted EBITDA(*)

  $ 158,238   $ 171,534   $ 188,235  

(*)
See the section entitled "Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional details.

(1)
The fifty-three week period ended March 4, 2017 amount is labeled N/A as we do not have a full comparable period.

    Revenues

        Pharmacy Services segment revenue was $6,093.7 million, $5,896.7 million and $6,393.9 million, respectively, for fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017. The increase in the fiscal 2019 revenue for the segment is due to the increase in covered lives in our Medicare Part D membership. The decrease in the fiscal

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2018 revenue for the segment is due to the change in the composition of our Medicare Part D membership and a decline in commercial business.

    Costs and Expenses

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 Weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Cost of revenues

  $ 5,676,052   $ 5,488,937   $ 6,001,152  

Gross profit

    417,636     407,732     392,732  

Gross margin

    6.9 %   6.9 %   6.1 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses

  $ 340,997   $ 322,695   $ 293,499  

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues

    5.6 %   5.5 %   4.6 %

    Gross Profit and Cost of Revenues

        Gross profit increased by $9.9 million in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. The increase in gross profit is due primarily to the increase in covered lives in our Medicare Part D membership, partially offset by margin compression in our commercial business. Gross margin was 6.9% of sales for fiscal 2019 compared to 6.9% of sales for fiscal 2018.

        Gross profit increased by $15.0 million in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. The increase in gross profit for the segment is due primarily to improved customer mix. Gross margin was 6.9% of sales for fiscal 2018 compared to 6.1% of sales for fiscal 2017. The increase in gross margin for the segment is due primarily to improved customer mix.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

        Pharmacy Services segment selling, general and administrative expenses for fiscal 2019 was $341.0 million or 5.6% of revenues as compared to $322.7 million or 5.5% of revenues for fiscal 2018. The increase in SG&A is due primarily to strategic investments in infrastructure to support current year and future growth.

        Pharmacy Services segment selling, general and administrative expenses for fiscal 2018 was $322.7 million or 5.5% of revenues as compared to $293.5 million or 4.6% of revenues for fiscal 2017. The increase in fiscal 2018 selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily the result of increased headcount to support business infrastructure and our growing chooser Medicare Part D business.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

        We have disclosed debt and interest expense on a continuing operations and discontinued operations basis on our consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of operations. However, the following discussion regarding liquidity and capital resources is at the total enterprise level, as we are contractually obligated for the payment of all outstanding debt instruments and related interest under our various indentures, including borrowings under the New Facilities.

        We have two primary sources of liquidity: (i) cash provided by operating activities and (ii) borrowings under our New Facilities. Our principal uses of cash are to provide working capital for operations, to service our obligations to pay interest and principal on debt and to fund capital

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expenditures. Total liquidity as of March 2, 2019 was $1,772.5 million, which consisted of revolver borrowing capacity of $1,741.8 million and invested cash of $30.7 million.

Credit Facilities

        On December 20, 2018, we entered into a new senior secured credit agreement, consisting of a new $2.7 billion senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility ("Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility") and a new $450.0 million "first-in, last out" senior secured term loan facility ("Senior Secured Term Loan") (collectively the "New Facilities"). Proceeds from the New Facilities were used to refinance our prior $2.7 billion Amended and Restated Senior Secured Credit Facility due January 2020 (the "Old Facility", the New Facilities and the Old Facility are collectively referred to herein as the "Facilities"). The New Facilities extend our debt maturity profile and provide additional liquidity. The New Facilities mature in December 2023, subject to an earlier maturity on December 31, 2022 if we have not repaid or refinanced our existing 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023 prior to such date. It is our intention to repay or refinance our existing 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023 prior to the early maturity becoming effective. Our Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 125 to 175 basis points (or an alternate base rate plus 25 to 75 basis points), depending on availability under the revolving facility. Our new Senior Secured Term Loan will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 300 basis points (or an alternate base rate plus 200 basis points). Other key terms and covenants in the New Facilities are largely consistent with the key terms and covenants in the Old Facility due January 2020.

        Our ability to borrow under our New Facilities is based upon a specified borrowing base consisting of accounts receivable, inventory and prescription files. At March 2, 2019, we had $1,325.0 million of borrowings outstanding under the New Facilities and had letters of credit outstanding against the New Facilities of $83.2 million, which resulted in additional borrowing capacity of $1,741.8 million. If at any time the total credit exposure outstanding under our New Facilities and the principal amount of our other senior obligations exceed the borrowing base, we are required to make certain other mandatory prepayments to eliminate such shortfall.

        The New Facilities restrict us and all of our subsidiaries that guarantee our obligations under the New Facilities and unsecured guaranteed notes (the "Subsidiary Guarantors") from accumulating cash on hand in excess of $200.0 million at any time when revolving loans are outstanding (not including cash located in our store and lockbox deposit accounts and cash necessary to cover our current liabilities). The New Facilities also state that if at any time (other than following the exercise of remedies or acceleration of any senior obligations or second priority debt and receipt of a triggering notice by the senior collateral agent from a representative of the senior obligations or the second priority debt) either (i) an event of default exists under our New Facilities or (ii) the sum of revolver availability under our Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility and certain amounts held on deposit with the senior collateral agent in a concentration account is less than $275.0 million for three consecutive business days or less than or equal to $200.0 million on any day (a "cash sweep period"), the funds in our deposit accounts will be swept to a concentration account with the senior collateral agent and will be applied first to repay outstanding revolving loans under the New Facilities, and then held as collateral for the senior obligations until such cash sweep period is rescinded pursuant to the terms of our New Facilities.

        The New Facilities allow us to have outstanding, at any time, up to $1.5 billion in secured second priority debt, split-priority term loan debt, unsecured debt and disqualified preferred stock in addition to borrowings under the New Facilities and existing indebtedness, provided that not in excess of $750.0 million of such secured second priority debt, split-priority term loan debt, unsecured debt and disqualified preferred stock shall mature or require scheduled payments of principal prior to 90 days after the latest of (i) the fifth anniversary of the effectiveness of the New Facilities and (ii) the latest maturity date of any Term Loan or Other Revolving Commitment (each as defined in the New

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Facilities). Subject to the limitations described in clauses (i) and (ii) of the immediately preceding sentence, the New Facilities additionally allow us to issue or incur an unlimited amount of unsecured debt and disqualified preferred stock so long as a Financial Covenant Effectiveness Period (as defined in the New Facilities) is not in effect; provided, however, that certain of our other outstanding indebtedness limits the amount of unsecured debt that can be incurred if certain interest coverage levels are not met at the time of incurrence or other exemptions are not available. The New Facilities also contain certain restrictions on the amount of secured first priority debt we are able to incur. The New Facilities also allow for the voluntary repurchase of any debt or other convertible debt, so long as the New Facilities are not in default and we maintain availability under our revolver of more than $365.0 million.

        The New Facilities have a financial covenant that requires us to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00 (i) on any date on which availability under the revolver is less than $200.0 million or (ii) on the third consecutive business day on which availability under the revolver is less than $250.0 million and, in each case, ending on and excluding the first day thereafter, if any, which is the 30th consecutive calendar day on which availability under the revolver is equal to or greater than $250.0 million. As of March 2, 2019, we had availability under our New Facilities of $1,741.8 million, our fixed charge coverage ratio was greater than 1.00 to 1.00, and we were in compliance with the New Facilities' financial covenant. The New Facilities also contain covenants which place restrictions on the incurrence of debt, the payments of dividends, sale of assets, mergers and acquisitions and the granting of liens.

        The New Facilities provide for customary events of default including nonpayment, misrepresentation, breach of covenants and bankruptcy. It is also an event of default if we fail to make any required payment on debt having a principal amount in excess of $50.0 million or any event occurs that enables, or which with the giving of notice or the lapse of time would enable, the holder of such debt to accelerate the maturity or require the repayment repurchase, redemption or defeasance of such debt.

        The indenture that governs our guaranteed unsecured notes contains restrictions on the amount of additional secured and unsecured debt that can be incurred by us. As of March 2, 2019, the amount of additional secured debt that could be incurred under the most restrictive covenant of the indenture was approximately $2.2 billion (which amount does not include the ability to enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions). Assuming a fully drawn revolver and the outstanding letters of credit, we could incur an additional $350.0 million in secured debt. The ability to issue additional unsecured debt under the indenture is generally governed by an interest coverage ratio test. As of March 2, 2019, we had the ability to issue additional unsecured debt under our other indentures.

Fiscal 2018 and 2019 Transactions

        During January 2018, we used proceeds from the Asset Sale to repay and retire all of our outstanding second lien $470,000 tranche 1 term loan and $500,000 tranche 2 term loan principal (the "Second Lien Term Loan Prepayment"). During February 2018, we reduced the borrowing capacity on our Old Facility from $3,700,000 to $3,000,000 (which was subsequently further reduced as described below). In connection with the transactions, we recorded a loss on debt retirement of $8,180, which included interest and unamortized debt issuance costs. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations.

        On February 27, 2018, we announced that we had commenced an offer to purchase up to $900,000 of the outstanding 9.25% senior notes due 2020 (the "9.25% Notes"), the 6.75% senior notes due 2021 (the "6.75% Notes") and the 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023 (the "6.125% Notes"), pursuant to the asset sale provisions of the indentures of such notes. On March 29, 2018, we accepted for payment, pursuant to our offer to purchase, $3,454 principal amount of the 9.25% Notes, representing 0.38% of

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the outstanding principal amount of the 9.25% Notes, $3,471 principal amount of the 6.75% Notes, representing 0.43% of the outstanding principal amount of the 6.75% Notes, and $41,751 principal amount of the 6.125% Notes, representing 2.32% of the outstanding principal amount of the 6.125% Notes. In connection therewith, we recorded a loss on debt retirement of $49 which included unamortized debt issuance costs, partially offset by unamortized discount. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement of $498 for the 6.125% Notes is included in the results of operations and cash flows of continuing operations.

        On March 13, 2018, we issued a notice of redemption for all of the 9.25% Notes that were outstanding on April 12, 2018, pursuant to the terms of the indenture of the 9.25% Notes. On April 12, 2018, we redeemed 100% of the remaining outstanding 9.25% Notes. In connection therewith, we recorded a loss on debt retirement of $3,422 which included unamortized debt issuance costs, partially offset by unamortized discount. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations.

        On April 19, 2018, we announced that we had commenced an offer to purchase up to $700,000 of the outstanding 6.75% Notes and the 6.125% Notes pursuant to the asset sale provisions of such indentures. On May 21, 2018, we accepted for payment, pursuant to our offer to purchase, $1,360 aggregate principal amount of the 6.75% Notes and $4,759 aggregate principal amount of the 6.125% Notes. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement of $8 for the 6.75% Notes is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations. The debt repayment and related loss on debt retirement of $56 for the 6.125% Notes is included in the results of operations and cash flows of continuing operations.

        On April 29, 2018, we further reduced the borrowing capacity on our Old Facility from $3,000,000 to $2,700,000. In connection therewith, we recorded a loss on debt retirement of $1,091, which included unamortized debt issuance costs. The loss on debt retirement is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations.

        On June 25, 2018, we redeemed the remaining $805,169 of the 6.75% Notes, which resulted in a loss on debt retirement of $18,075. The loss on debt retirement is included in the results of operations and cash flows of discontinued operations.

        On March 15, 2019, we entered into an interest rate cap ("Cap"), which has been assigned to the variable interest rate payments on the first $650.0 million notional amount of variable rate indebtedness. The Cap has an effective date of March 21, 2019 and expires on March 21, 2021. The Cap provides us with interest rate protection in the event that LIBOR increases above 2.75%.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

        As of March 2, 2019, we had no material off balance sheet arrangements, other than operating leases as included in the table below.

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Contractual Obligations and Commitments

        The following table details the maturities of our indebtedness and lease financing obligations as of March 2, 2019, as well as other contractual cash obligations and commitments.

 
  Payment due by period  
 
  Less Than 1 Year   1 to 3 Years   3 to 5 Years   After 5 Years   Total  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Contractual Cash Obligations

                               

Long term debt(1)

  $ 200,919   $ 401,837   $ 3,373,664   $ 535,145   $ 4,511,565  

Capital lease obligations(2)

    19,300     9,399     8,425     20,470     57,594  

Operating leases

    687,412     1,156,737     922,578     1,541,408     4,308,135  

Open purchase orders

    157,763                 157,763  

Other, primarily self insurance and retirement plan obligations(3)

    72,371     70,335     19,057     59,831     221,594  

Minimum purchase commitments(4)

    123,089     77,038     677         200,804  

Total contractual cash obligations

  $ 1,260,854   $ 1,715,346   $ 4,324,401   $ 2,156,854   $ 9,457,455  

Commitments

                               

Lease guarantees(5)

  $ 8,452   $ 4,847   $ 1,346   $   $ 14,645  

Lease guarantees(6)

    323,938     521,228     363,861     572,987     1,782,014  

Outstanding letters of credit

    51,585     31,620             83,205  

Total commitments

  $ 1,644,829   $ 2,273,041   $ 4,689,608   $ 2,729,841   $ 11,337,319  

(1)
Includes principal and interest payments for all outstanding debt instruments. Interest was calculated on variable rate instruments using rates as of March 2, 2019.

(2)
Represents the minimum lease payments on non-cancelable leases, including interest, net of sublease income on a continuing operations basis as the minimum lease payments on non-cancelable leases, including interest, net of sublease income is being assumed by WBA as part of the Sale.

(3)
Includes the undiscounted payments for self-insured medical coverage, actuarially determined undiscounted payments for self-insured workers' compensation and general liability, and actuarially determined obligations for defined benefit pension and nonqualified executive retirement plans.

(4)
Represents commitments to purchase products and licensing fees from certain vendors.

(5)
Represents lease guarantee obligations for 32 former stores related to certain business dispositions. The respective purchasers assume the obligations and are, therefore, primarily liable for these obligations.

(6)
Represents lease guarantee obligations for 1,656 former stores related to the Asset Sale. WBA assumed the obligations and are, therefore, primarily liable for these obligations.

        Obligations for income tax uncertainties pursuant to ASC 740, "Income Taxes" of approximately $28.5 million are not included in the table above as we are uncertain as to if or when such amounts may be settled.

Net Cash Provided By (Used In) Operating, Investing and Financing Activities from Continuing Operations

        Cash flow used in operating activities was $165.7 million in fiscal 2019. Operating cash flow was negatively impacted by the payment of $182.4 million to our reinsurance carrier relating to the calendar 2017 CMS receivable, a decrease in accrued interest due to the payoff of several of our debt instruments with proceeds from the WBA asset sale and the timing in receivables and payables.

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        Cash flow provided by operating activities was $511.5 million in fiscal 2018. Operating cash flow was positively impacted by the $325.0 million WBA merger termination fee, the change in deferred taxes, and an increase in accounts payable. Accounts payable increased due to the timing of inventory purchases at our Retail Pharmacy segment in connection with servicing the stores sold to WBA under the TSA, and increased amounts payable to our pharmacy network in our Pharmacy Services segment. These positive working capital changes were partially offset by increases in accounts receivable, mostly driven by amounts due from WBA for servicing the stores under the TSA, a slight increase in inventory and other assets and liabilities. Cash provided by other assets and liabilities resulted primarily from increases in accrued expenses at our Pharmacy Services segment.

        Cash flow provided by operating activities was $183.0 million in fiscal 2017. Cash flow was negatively impacted by cash used by other assets and liabilities, which relates primarily to increased prepaid rent and decreases in various accrued liabilities, cash used by accounts receivable, which relates primarily to our Pharmacy Services segment accounts receivable growth, and cash used by inventory, which relates primarily to increasing store pharmacy inventory following a period of inventory reductions.

        Cash used in investing activities was $198.6 million in fiscal 2019. Cash used for the purchase of property, plant, and equipment was higher than in the prior year primarily due to increased investments in our store base and prescription file buys.

        Cash used in investing activities was $182.9 million in fiscal 2018. Cash used for the purchase of property, plant, and equipment was lower than in the prior year primarily due to fewer Wellness store remodels in the current year.

        Cash used in investing activities was $276.9 million in fiscal 2017. Cash used in investing activities includes $254.1 million for the purchase of property, plant and equipment, and $39.6 million for the purchase of intangible assets.

        Cash provided by financing activities was $803.3 million in fiscal 2019, which reflects the proceeds relating to our December 20, 2018 refinancing and additional revolver borrowings.

        Cash used in financing activities was $237.6 million in fiscal 2018, which reflects net payments on the revolver and scheduled payments on our long-term debt and capital leases. Cash provided by financing activities also reflects an increase in our zero balance bank accounts and proceeds from the issuance of common stock.

        Cash provided by financing activities was $357.7 million in fiscal 2017, which reflects net proceeds from the revolver of $330.0 million. Cash provided by financing activities also reflects an increase in our zero balance bank accounts and proceeds from the issuance of common stock, partially offset by scheduled payments on our capital lease obligations.

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    Capital Expenditures

        During the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018 and March 4, 2017 capital expenditures were as follows:

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 weeks)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

New store construction, store relocation and store remodel projects

  $ 94,334   $ 86,839   $ 122,760  

Technology enhancements, improvements to distribution centers and other corporate requirements

    102,444     99,040     131,389  

Purchase of prescription files from other retail pharmacies

    47,911     28,885     39,648  

Total capital expenditures

  $ 244,689   $ 214,764   $ 293,797  

    Future Liquidity

        We are highly leveraged. Our high level of indebtedness could: (i) limit our ability to obtain additional financing; (ii) limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry; (iii) place us at a competitive disadvantage relative to our competitors with less debt; (iv) render us more vulnerable to general adverse economic and industry conditions; and (v) require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to service our debt. Based upon our current levels of operations, we believe that cash flow from operations together with available borrowings under the revolver and other sources of liquidity will be adequate to meet our requirements for working capital, debt service and capital expenditures at least for the next twelve months. Based on our liquidity position, which we expect to remain strong throughout the 2020 fiscal year, we do not expect to be subject to the fixed charge covenant in our New Facilities in the next twelve months. We will continue to assess our liquidity position and potential sources of supplemental liquidity in light of our operating performance, and other relevant circumstances. From time to time, we may seek additional deleveraging or refinancing transactions, including entering into transactions to exchange debt for shares of common stock, issuance of equity (including preferred stock and convertible securities), repurchase or redemption of outstanding indebtedness, or seek to refinance our outstanding debt (including our Facilities) or may otherwise seek transactions to reduce interest expense and extend debt maturities, particularly following the Sale and implementation of our strategies following the termination of the Merger. Any of these transactions could impact our financial results. We may also use additional Sale proceeds for one or more of these purposes in accordance with our outstanding agreements. Certain of these deleveraging and refinancing activities were limited by the Merger Agreement and we are no longer subject to such restrictions.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

        Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to inventory shrink, goodwill impairment, impairment of long-lived assets, revenue recognition, vendor discounts and purchase discounts, self-insurance liabilities, lease termination charges, income taxes and litigation. Additionally, we have critical accounting policies regarding revenue recognition and vendor allowances and purchase discounts for our Pharmacy Services segment. We base our estimates on historical experience, current and

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anticipated business conditions, the condition of the financial markets and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under existing conditions. Variability reflected in the sensitivity analyses presented below is based on our recent historical experience. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates and sensitivity analyses.

        The following critical accounting policies require the use of significant judgments and estimates by management:

        Inventory shrink:    The carrying value of our inventory is reduced by a reserve for estimated shrink losses that occur between physical inventory dates. When estimating these losses, we consider historical loss results at specific locations. Shrink expense is recognized by applying the estimated shrink rate to sales since the last physical inventory. Although possible, we do not expect a significant change to our shrink rate in future periods. A 10 basis point difference in our estimated shrink rate for the year ended March 2, 2019, would have affected pre-tax income by approximately $4.9 million.

        Goodwill Impairment:    Our policy is to perform an impairment test of goodwill at least annually, and more frequently if events or circumstances occurred that would indicate a reduced fair value in our reporting units could exist. Typically, we perform a qualitative assessment in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. However, as part of this qualitative assessment, we do perform a quantitative assessment at least once every three years to re-establish a baseline fair value that can be used in our current and future qualitative assessments. During our qualitative assessment we make significant estimates, assumptions, and judgments, including, but not limited to, the overall economy, industry and market conditions, financial performance of the Company, changes in our share price, and forecasts of revenue, profit, working capital requirements, and cash flows. We consider each reporting unit's historical results and operating trends when determining these assumptions; however, our estimates and projections can be affected by a number of factors and it is possible that actual results could differ from the assumptions used in our impairment assessment. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, including goodwill, we perform a quantitative goodwill impairment test. Fair value estimates used in the quantitative impairment test are calculated using an average of the income and market approaches. The income approach is based on the present value of future cash flows of each reporting unit, while the market approach is based on certain multiples of selected guideline public companies or selected guideline transactions. The approaches incorporate a number of market participant assumptions including future growth rates, discount rates, income tax rates and market activity in assessing fair value and are reporting unit specific. If the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, we recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. In addition, we consider the income tax effect of any tax deductible goodwill when measuring a goodwill impairment loss.

        Impairment of long-lived assets:    We evaluate long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset group has a carrying value that may not be recoverable. The individual operating store is the lowest level for which cash flows are identifiable. As such, we evaluate individual stores for recoverability. To determine if a store needs to be tested for recoverability, we consider items such as decreases in market prices, changes in the manner in which the store is being used or physical condition, changes in legal factors or business climate, an accumulation of losses significantly in excess of budget, a current period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a projection of continuing losses, or an expectation that the store will be closed or sold.

        We monitor new and recently relocated stores against operational projections and other strategic factors such as regional economics, new competitive entries and other local market considerations to determine if an impairment evaluation is required. For other stores, we perform a recoverability analysis if they have experienced current-period and historical cash flow losses.

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        In performing the recoverability test, we compare the expected future cash flows of a store to the carrying amount of its assets. Significant judgment is used to estimate future cash flows. Major assumptions that contribute to our future cash flow projections include: expected sales and gross profit, pharmacy reimbursement rates, expected costs such as payroll, and estimates for other significant selling, general and administrative expenses.

        If an operating store's estimated future undiscounted cash flows are not sufficient to cover its carrying value, its carrying value is reduced to fair value which is its estimated future discounted cash flows. The discount rate is commensurate with the risks associated with the recovery of a similar asset.

        We regularly approve certain stores for closure. Impairment charges for closed stores, if any, are evaluated and recorded in the quarter the closure decision is approved.

        We also evaluate assets to be disposed of on a quarterly basis to determine if an additional impairment charge is required. Fair value estimates are provided by independent brokers who operate in the local markets where the assets are located.

        If our actual future cash flows differ from our projections materially, certain stores that are either not impaired or partially impaired in the current period may be further impaired in future periods. A 50 basis point decrease in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have resulted in an additional fiscal 2019 impairment charge of $0.1 million. A 50 basis point increase in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have reduced the fiscal 2019 impairment charge by $0.2 million. A 100 basis point decrease in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have resulted in an additional fiscal 2019 impairment charge of $0.9 million. A 100 basis point increase in our future sales assumptions as of March 2, 2019 would have reduced the fiscal 2019 impairment charge by $0.5 million.

        Revenue recognition for our loyalty program:    We offer a chain-wide customer loyalty program, "wellness+ Rewards". Members participating in our wellness+ Rewards loyalty card program earn points on a calendar year basis for eligible front-end merchandise purchases and qualifying prescriptions. One point is awarded for each dollar spent towards front-end merchandise and 25 points are awarded for each qualifying prescription.

        Members reach specific wellness+ Rewards tiers based on the points accumulated during the calendar year, which entitle them to certain future discounts and other benefits upon reaching that tier. For example, any customer that reaches 1,000 points in a calendar year achieves the "Gold" tier, enabling the customer to receive a 20% discount on qualifying purchases of front-end merchandise for the remaining portion of the calendar year and the next calendar year. There is also a similar "Silver" level with a lower threshold and benefit level.

        Points earned pursuant to the wellness+ program represent a performance obligation and we allocate revenue between the merchandise purchased and the wellness + points based on the relative stand-alone selling price of each performance obligation. The relative value of the wellness + points is initially deferred as a contract liability (included in other current and noncurrent liabilities). As members receive discounted front-end merchandise or when the benefit period expires, the Retail Pharmacy segment recognizes an allocable portion of the deferred contract liability into revenue.

        The wellness + program also allows a customer to earn Bonus Cash based on qualifying purchases. Wellness + Rewards members have the opportunity to redeem their accumulated Bonus Cash on a future purchase with a 60 day expiration window.

        For a majority of the Bonus Cash issuances, funding is provided by our vendors through contractual arrangements. This funding is treated as a contract liability and remains a contract liability until (i) wellness + Rewards members redeem their Bonus Cash, or (ii) wellness + Rewards members allow the Bonus Cash to expire. Upon utilization or expiration of the benefit period, the Retail

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Pharmacy segment recognizes an allocable portion of the accrued contract liability into revenue. For Bonus Cash issuances that are not vendor funded, the contract liability is recorded at the time of issuance through a reduction to revenues, and not recognized until the Bonus Cash is redeemed or expires.

        Self-insurance liabilities:    We expense claims for self-insured workers' compensation and general liability insurance coverage as incurred including an estimate for claims incurred but not paid. The expense for self-insured workers' compensation and general liability claims incurred but not paid is determined using several factors, including historical claims experience and development, severity of claims, medical costs and the time needed to settle claims. We discount the estimated expense for workers' compensation to present value as the time period from incurrence of the claim to final settlement can be several years. We base our estimates for such timing on previous settlement activity. The discount rate is based on the current market rates for Treasury bills that approximate the average time to settle the workers' compensation claims. These assumptions are updated on an annual basis. A 40 basis point difference in the discount rate for the year ended March 2, 2019, would have affected pretax income by approximately $2.9 million.

        Lease termination charges:    We record reserves for closed stores based on future lease commitments, anticipated ancillary occupancy costs and anticipated future subleases of properties. The reserves are calculated at the individual location level and the assumptions are assessed at that level. The reserve for lease exit liabilities is discounted using a credit adjusted risk free interest rate. Reserve estimates and related assumptions are updated on a quarterly basis.

        Changes in the real estate leasing markets can have an impact on the closed store reserve. Additionally, some of our closed stores were closed prior to our adoption of ASC 420, "Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations." Therefore, if interest rates change, reserves may be increased or decreased. As of March 2, 2019, a 50 basis point variance in the credit adjusted risk free interest rate would have affected pretax income by approximately $0.2 million for fiscal 2019.

        Income taxes:    We currently have net operating loss ("NOL") carryforwards that can be utilized to offset future income for federal and state tax purposes. These NOLs generate significant deferred tax assets. Realization is dependent on generating sufficient taxable income prior to the expiration of the loss carryforwards.

        Our ability to utilize the losses and credits to offset future taxable income may be deferred or limited significantly if the Company were to experience an "ownership change" as defined in section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative change in ownership of the Company's stock by "5-percent shareholders" (as defined in the Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. The Company determined that no ownership change has occurred for purposes of Section 382 for the period ended March 2, 2019. It is important to note that the limitation that would be created upon an ownership change would only apply to income earned after the event that caused the ownership change.

        We regularly review the deferred tax assets for recoverability considering the relative impact of negative and positive evidence including our historical profitability, projected taxable income, the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences and tax planning strategies. The weight given to the potential effect of the negative and positive evidence is commensurate with the extent to which it can be objectively verified. In evaluating the objective evidence that historical results provide, we consider three years of cumulative pretax book income (loss).

        We establish a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets when we determine that it is more likely than not that some portion of our deferred tax assets will not be realized. Valuation allowances are based on evidence of our ability to generate sufficient taxable income by jurisdiction. On a

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quarterly basis, management evaluates the likelihood that we will realize the deferred tax assets and adjusts the valuation allowances, if appropriate. If we determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, we would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would impact the provision for income taxes.

        We recognize tax liabilities in accordance with ASC 740, "Income Taxes" and we adjust these liabilities when our judgment changes as a result of the evaluation of new information not previously available. Due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from our current estimate of the tax liabilities.

        Litigation reserves:    We are involved in litigation on an on-going basis. We accrue our best estimate of the probable loss related to legal claims. Such estimates are based upon a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. These estimates are updated as the facts and circumstances of the cases develop and/or change. To the extent additional information arises or our strategies change, it is possible that our best estimate of the probable liability may also change. Changes to these reserves during the last three fiscal years were not material.

    Revenue recognition for our Pharmacy Services segment:

        The Pharmacy Services segment sells prescription drugs indirectly through its retail pharmacy network and directly through its mail service dispensing pharmacy. The Pharmacy Services segment recognizes revenue from prescription drugs sold by (i) its mail service dispensing pharmacy and (ii) under retail pharmacy network contracts where it is the principal at the contract prices negotiated with its clients, primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans, Medicare plans, and other sponsors of health benefit plans, and individuals throughout the United States. Revenues include: (i) the portion of the price the client pays directly to the Pharmacy Services segment, net of any volume-related or other discounts paid back to the client (see "Drug Discounts" below), (ii) the price paid to the Pharmacy Services segment by client plan members for mail order prescriptions ("Mail Co-Payments"), (iii) client plan member copayments made directly to the retail pharmacy network and (iv) administrative fees. Revenue is recognized when the Pharmacy Services segment meets its performance obligations relative to each transaction type. The following revenue recognition policies have been established for the Pharmacy Services segment:

    Revenues generated from prescription drugs sold by third party pharmacies in the Pharmacy Services segment's retail pharmacy network and associated administrative fees are recognized at the Pharmacy Services segment's point-of-sale, which is when the claim is adjudicated by the Pharmacy Services segment's online claims processing system. At this point we have performed all of our performance obligations.

    Revenues generated from prescription drugs sold by the Pharmacy Services segment's mail service dispensing pharmacy are recognized when the prescription is shipped. At the time of shipment, the Pharmacy Services segment has performed all of its performance obligations under its client contracts, as control of and title to the product has passed to the client plan members. The Pharmacy Services segment does not experience a significant level of returns or reshipments.

    Revenues generated from administrative fees based on membership or claims volume are recognized monthly based on the terms within the individual contracts, either a monthly member based fee, or a claims volume based fee.

        In the majority of its contracts, the Pharmacy Services segment is the principal because its client contracts give clients the right to obtain access to its pharmacy contracts under which the Pharmacy Services segment directs its pharmacy network to provide the services (drug dispensing, consultation, etc.) and goods (prescription drugs) to the clients' members at its negotiated pricing. The Pharmacy

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Services segment's obligations under its client contracts are separate and distinct from its obligations to the third party pharmacies included in its retail pharmacy network contracts. In the majority of these contracts, the Pharmacy Services segment is contractually required to pay the third party pharmacies in its retail pharmacy network for products sold after payment is received from its clients. The Pharmacy Services segment has control over these transactions until the prescription is transferred to the member and, thus, that it is acting as a principal. As such, the Pharmacy Services segment records the total prescription price contracted with clients in revenues.

        Amounts paid to pharmacies and amounts charged to clients are exclusive of the applicable co-payment under Pharmacy Services segment contracts. Retail pharmacy co-payments, which we instruct retail pharmacies to collect from members, are included in our revenues and our cost of revenues.

        For contracts under which the Pharmacy Services segment acts as an agent or does not control the prescription drugs prior to transfer to the client, no revenue is recognized.

        We deduct from our revenues that are generated from prescription drugs sold by third party pharmacies the manufacturers' rebates that are earned by our clients based on their members' utilization of brand-name formulary drugs. For the majority of our clients, we pass these rebates to clients at point-of-sale based on actual claims data and our estimates of the manufacturers' rebates earned by our clients. We base our estimates on the best available data and recent history for the various factors that can affect the amount of rebates earned by the client. We also deduct from our revenues pricing guarantees and guarantees regarding the level of service we will provide to the client or member as well as other payments made to our clients. Because the inputs to most of these estimates are not subject to a high degree of subjectivity or volatility, the effect of adjustments between estimated and actual amounts have not been material to our results of operations or financial condition.

        We participate in the federal government's Medicare Part D program as a PDP through our EIC subsidiary. Our net revenues include insurance premiums earned by the PDP, which are determined based on the PDP's annual bid and related contractual arrangements with CMS. The insurance premiums include a beneficiary premium, which is the responsibility of the PDP member, but is subsidized by CMS in the case of low-income members, and a direct premium paid by CMS. Premiums collected in advance are initially deferred as accrued expenses and are then recognized ratably as revenue over the period in which members are entitled to receive benefits.

        We have recorded estimates of various assets and liabilities arising from our participation in the Medicare Part D program based on information in our claims management and enrollment systems. Significant estimates arising from our participation in the Medicare Part D program include: (i) estimates of low-income cost subsidy, reinsurance amounts and coverage gap discount amounts ultimately payable to or receivable from CMS based on a detailed claims reconciliation, (ii) an estimate of amounts receivable from CMS under a risk-sharing feature of the Medicare Part D program design, referred to as the risk corridor (iii) estimates for claims that have been reported and are in the process of being paid or contested and (iv) our estimate of claims that have been incurred but have not yet been reported. Actual amounts of Medicare Part D-related assets and liabilities could differ significantly from amounts recorded. Historically, the effect of these adjustments has not been material to our results of operations or financial position.

        Vendor allowances and purchase discounts for our Pharmacy Services segment:    Our Pharmacy Services segment receives purchase discounts on products purchased. Contractual arrangements with vendors, including manufacturers, wholesalers and retail pharmacies, normally provide for the Pharmacy Services segment to receive purchase discounts from established list prices in one, or a combination, of the following forms: (i) a direct discount at the time of purchase or (ii) a discount (or rebate) paid subsequent to dispensing when products are purchased indirectly from a manufacturer (e.g., through a

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wholesaler or retail pharmacy). These rebates are recognized based on estimates when prescriptions are dispensed and are generally calculated and billed to manufacturers within 30 days of the end of each completed quarter. Historically, the effect of adjustments resulting from the reconciliation of rebates recognized to the amounts billed and collected has not been material to the results of operations. We account for the effect of any such differences as a change in accounting estimate in the period the reconciliation is completed. The Pharmacy Services segment also receives additional discounts under its wholesaler contract. In addition, the Pharmacy Services segment receives fees from pharmaceutical manufacturers for administrative services. Purchase discounts and administrative service fees are recorded as a reduction of cost of revenues.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share and Other Non-GAAP Measures

        In addition to net income (loss) determined in accordance with GAAP, we use certain non-GAAP measures, such as "Adjusted EBITDA", in assessing our operating performance. We believe the non-GAAP measures serve as an appropriate measure in evaluating the performance of our business. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) excluding the impact of income taxes, interest expense, depreciation and amortization, LIFO adjustments (which removes the entire impact of LIFO, and effectively reflects the results as if we were on a FIFO inventory basis), charges or credits for facility closing and impairment, goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges, inventory write-downs related to store closings, loss on debt retirements, the WBA merger termination fee, and other items (including stock-based compensation expense, merger and acquisition-related costs, a non-recurring litigation settlement (as further discussed below), severance and costs related to facility closures and gain or loss on sale of assets). We reference this particular non-GAAP financial measure frequently in our decision-making because it provides supplemental information that facilitates internal comparisons to the historical periods and external comparisons to competitors. In addition, incentive compensation is primarily based on Adjusted EBITDA and we base certain of our forward-looking estimates on Adjusted EBITDA to facilitate quantification of planned business activities and enhance subsequent follow-up with comparisons of actual to planned Adjusted EBITDA.

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        The following is a reconciliation of our net (loss) income to Adjusted EBITDA for fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017:

 
  March 2, 2019
(52 weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 weeks)(a)
  March 4, 2017
(53 weeks)(a)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Net (loss) income—continuing operations

  $ (666,954 ) $ (349,532 ) $ 4,080  

Interest expense

    227,728     202,768     200,065  

Income tax expense

    77,477     305,987     44,438  

Depreciation and amortization

    357,882     386,057     407,366  

LIFO charge (credit)

    23,354     (28,827 )   (3,721 )

Lease termination and impairment charges

    107,994     58,765     45,778  

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges          

    375,190     261,727      

Loss on debt retirements, net

    554          

Merger and Acquisition-related costs

    37,821     24,283     14,066  

Stock-based compensation expense

    12,115     25,793     23,482  

Restructuring-related costs

    4,704          

Inventory write-downs related to store closings

    13,487     7,586     5,925  

Litigation settlement

    18,000          

Gain on sale of assets, net

    (38,012 )   (25,872 )   (6,649 )

Walgreens Boots Alliance merger termination fee

        (325,000 )    

Other

    12,104     16,119     13,058  

Adjusted EBITDA—continuing operations

  $ 563,444   $ 559,854   $ 747,888  

(a)
During fiscal 2019, we revised our definition of Adjusted EBITDA to no longer exclude the impact of revenue deferrals related to our customer loyalty program and further revised our disclosure by presenting certain amounts previously included within Other as separate reconciling items. Consequently, we revised Adjusted EBITDA for fiscal 2018 and 2017 to conform with the revised definition and present separate reconciling items previously included with Other.

        The following is a reconciliation of our net income (loss) from continuing operations to Adjusted Net (Loss) Income and Adjusted Net (Loss) Income per Diluted Share for fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017. Adjusted Net Income (Loss) is defined as net income (loss) excluding the impact of amortization expense, merger and acquisition-related costs, a non-recurring litigation settlement (as further discussed below), loss on debt retirements, LIFO adjustments (which removes the entire impact of LIFO, and effectively reflects the results as if we were on a FIFO inventory basis), goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges and the WBA merger termination fee. We calculate Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share using our above-referenced definition of Adjusted Net Income (Loss). We believe Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share are useful indicators

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of our operating performance over multiple periods. Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share is calculated using our above-referenced definition of Adjusted Net Income (Loss):

 
  March 2, 2019
(52 weeks)
  March 3, 2018
(52 weeks)(b)
  March 4, 2017
(53 weeks)(b)
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

  $ (666,954 ) $ (349,532 ) $ 4,080  

Add back—Income tax expense

    77,477     305,987     44,438  

(Loss) income before income taxes—continuing operations

    (589,477 )   (43,545 )   48,518  

Adjustments:

                   

Amortization expense

    125,640     147,739     165,579  

LIFO charge (credit)

    23,354     (28,827 )   (3,721 )

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges          

    375,190     261,727      

Loss on debt retirements, net

    554          

Merger and Acquisition-related costs

    37,821     24,283     14,066  

Restructuring-related costs

    4,704          

Litigation settlement

    18,000          

Walgreens Boots Alliance merger termination fee          

        (325,000 )    

Adjusted (loss) income before income taxes—continuing operations

    (4,214 )   36,377     224,442  

Adjusted income tax (benefit) expense(a)

    (1,163 )   13,937     90,710  

Adjusted net (loss) income from continuing operations

    (3,051 ) $ 22,440   $ 133,732  

Net (loss) income per diluted share—continuing operations

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08  

Adjusted net (loss) income per diluted share—continuing operations

  $ (0.06 ) $ 0.42   $ 2.52  

(a)
The fiscal year 2019, 2018 and 2017 annual effective tax rates, calculated using a federal rate plus a net state rate that excluded the impact of state NOL's, state credits and valuation allowance, are used for the fifty-two weeks ended March 2, 2019, the fifty-two weeks ended March 3, 2018, and the fifty-three weeks ended March 4, 2017, respectively.

(b)
During fiscal 2019, we revised our definition of Adjusted Net Loss and Adjusted Net Loss per Diluted Share to exclude the impact of all amortization expense rather than only the impact of amortization expense related to the EnvisionRx intangible assets. Consequently, we have updated the Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share for fiscal 2018 and 2017 to be reflective of our modified definition.

        We have in the past and may in the future be involved in litigation, claims and proceedings that result in legal settlements or similar payments. We have historically not made adjustments for amounts related to these matters when calculating Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income (Loss). Given the nature of a material legal settlement incurred in the second quarter of fiscal 2019, for comparability purposes we have added the amount of this settlement back to net income when calculating Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income (Loss) for the fifty-two week period ended March 2, 2019 to help investors better compare our operating performance over multiple periods. For additional information regarding the settlement see Note 21 to the consolidated financial statements.

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        In addition to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income and Adjusted Net (Loss) Income per Diluted Share, we occasionally refer to several other Non-GAAP measures, on a less frequent basis, in order to describe certain components of our business and how we utilize them to describe our results. These measures include but are not limited to Adjusted EBITDA Gross Margin and Gross Profit (gross margin/gross profit excluding non-Adjusted EBITDA items), Adjusted EBITDA SG&A (SG&A expenses excluding non-Adjusted EBITDA items), FIFO Gross Margin and FIFO Gross Profit (gross margin/gross profit before LIFO charges), and Free Cash Flow (Adjusted EBITDA less cash paid for interest, rent on closed stores, capital expenditures, acquisition costs and the change in working capital).

        We include these non-GAAP financial measures in our earnings announcements in order to provide transparency to our investors and enable investors to better compare our operating performance with the operating performance of our competitors including with those of our competitors having different capital structures. Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share or other non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation from, and are not intended to represent an alternative measure of, operating results or of cash flows from operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our definition of these non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measurements reported by other companies.

Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

        Our future earnings, cash flow and fair values relevant to financial instruments are dependent upon prevalent market rates. Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in market prices and interest rates. Our major market risk exposure is changing interest rates. Increases in interest rates would increase our interest expense. We enter into debt obligations to support capital expenditures, acquisitions, working capital needs and general corporate purposes. Our policy is to manage interest rates through the use of a combination of variable-rate credit facilities, fixed-rate long-term obligations and derivative transactions. We currently do not have any derivative transactions outstanding.

        The table below provides information about our financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The table presents principal payments and the related weighted average interest rates by expected maturity dates as of March 2, 2019 and assumes that we have not repaid or refinanced our existing 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023 prior to December 31, 2022.

 
  2020   2021   2022   2023   2024   Thereafter   Total   Fair Value at
March 2, 2019
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Long-term debt, including current portion, excluding capital lease obligations

                                                 

Fixed Rate

  $ —0   $   $   $   $ 1,753,490   $ 423,000   $ 2,176,490   $ 1,795,335  

Average Interest Rate

    0.00 %   0.00 %   0.00 %   0.00 %   6.13 %   7.45 %   6.38 %      

Variable Rate

  $   $   $   $   $ 1,325,000   $   $ 1,325,000   $ 1,325,000  

Average Interest Rate

    0.00 %   0.00 %   0.00 %   0.00 %   4.46 %   0.00 %   4.46 %      

        Our ability to satisfy interest payment obligations on our outstanding debt will depend largely on our future performance, which, in turn, is subject to prevailing economic conditions and to financial, business and other factors beyond our control. If we do not have sufficient cash flow to service our interest payment obligations on our outstanding indebtedness and if we cannot borrow or obtain equity financing to satisfy those obligations, our business and results of operations could be materially adversely affected. We cannot be assured that any replacement borrowing or equity financing could be successfully completed.

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        The interest rate on our variable rate borrowings, which include our revolving credit facility and our term loan facility, are based on LIBOR. If the market rates of interest for LIBOR changed by 100 basis points as of March 2, 2019, our annual interest expense would change by approximately $13.3 million. Our annual interest expense would change by approximately $8.9 million when considering the benefit of the Cap which became effective on March 21, 2019.

        A change in interest rates does not have an impact upon our future earnings and cash flow for fixed-rate debt instruments. As fixed-rate debt matures, however, and if additional debt is acquired to fund the debt repayment, future earnings and cash flow may be affected by changes in interest rates. This effect would be realized in the periods subsequent to the periods when the debt matures. Increases in interest rates would also impact our ability to refinance existing maturities on favorable terms.

Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

        Our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto are included elsewhere in this report and are incorporated by reference herein. See Item 15 of Part IV.

Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    Not applicable

Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures

(a)   Disclosure Controls and Procedures

        Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of such period, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

(b)   Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

    Management's Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

        Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in "Internal Control—Integrated Framework" (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, our management has concluded that, as of March 2, 2019, we did not have any material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and our internal control over financial reporting was effective.

    Attestation Report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

        The attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, on our internal control over financial reporting is included after the next paragraph.

(c)   Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

        There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during our fourth fiscal quarter ended March 2, 2019 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Rite Aid Corporation

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

        We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Rite Aid Corporation and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of March 2, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 2, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.

        We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended March 2, 2019, of the Company and our report dated April 25, 2019, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

        The Company's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

        We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

        A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

        Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
April 25, 2019

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Item 9B.    Other Information

        None


PART III

        We intend to file with the SEC a definitive proxy statement for our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be held on or before July 17, 2019, pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after March 2, 2019. The information required by Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) is incorporated by reference from that proxy statement.


PART IV

Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

        (a)   The consolidated financial statements of the Company and report of the independent registered public accounting firm identified in the following index are included in this report from the individual pages filed as a part of this report:

1.     Financial Statements

        The following financial statements, report of the independent registered public accounting firm and supplementary data are included herein:

2.     Financial Statement Schedule

    Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

        All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not required or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

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3.     Exhibits

Exhibit
Numbers
  Description   Incorporation By Reference To
  2.1   Amended and Restated Asset Purchase Agreement, dated September 18, 2017, among Rite Aid Corporation, Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. and Walgreen Co.*   Exhibit 2.1 to Form 8-K, filed on September 19, 2017

 

2.2

 

Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated February 18, 2018, among Rite Aid Corporation, Albertsons Companies, Inc., Ranch Acquisition II LLC and Ranch Acquisition Corp.*

 

Exhibit 2.1 to Form 8-K, filed on February 20, 2018

 

2.3

 

Termination Agreement, dated as of August 8, 2018, among Rite Aid Corporation, Albertsons Companies, Inc., Ranch Acquisition II LLC and Ranch Acquisition Corp.

 

Exhibit 2.1 to Form 8-K, filed on August 8, 2018

 

3.1

 

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, dated April 18, 2019

 

Exhibit 3.1 to Form 8-K, filed on April 18, 2019

 

3.2

 

Amended and Restated By-Laws

 

Exhibit 3.1 to Form 8-K, filed on December 28, 2018

 

4.1

 

Indenture, dated as of August 1, 1993, between Rite Aid Corporation, as issuer, and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as trustee, related to the Company's 7.70% Notes due 2027

 

Exhibit 4A to Registration Statement on Form S-3, File No. 033-63794, filed on June 3, 1993

 

4.2

 

Supplemental Indenture, dated as of February 3, 2000, between Rite Aid Corporation and U.S. Bank Trust National Association (as successor trustee to Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York) to the Indenture dated as of August 1, 1993, between Rite Aid Corporation and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, relating to the Company's 7.70% Notes due 2027

 

Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K filed on February 7, 2000

 

4.3

 

Indenture, dated as of December 21, 1998, between Rite Aid Corporation, as issuer, and Harris Trust and Savings Bank, as trustee, related to the Company's 6.875% Notes due 2028

 

Exhibit 4.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-4, File No. 333-74751, filed on March 19, 1999

 

4.4

 

Supplemental Indenture, dated as of February 3, 2000, between Rite Aid Corporation and Harris Trust and Savings Bank to the Indenture, dated December 21, 1998, between Rite Aid Corporation and Harris Trust and Savings Bank, related to the Company's 6.875% Notes due 2028

 

Exhibit 4.4 to Form 8-K, filed on February 7, 2000

 

4.5

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of February 10, 2015, by and among Rite Aid Corporation, TPG VI Envision,  L.P., TPG VI DE BDH, L.P. and Envision Rx Options Holdings Inc.

 

Exhibit 10.3 to Form 8-K, filed on February 13, 2015

 

4.6

 

Indenture, dated as of April 2, 2015, among Rite Aid Corporation, as issuer, the subsidiary guarantors named therein and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., related to the Company's 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023

 

Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, filed on April 2, 2015

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Exhibit
Numbers
  Description   Incorporation By Reference To
  4.8   Supplemental Indenture, dated as of August 23, 2018, among Rite Aid Corporation, the subsidiary guarantors named therein and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., to the Indenture, dated as of April 2, 2015, among Rite Aid Corporation, as issuer, the subsidiary guarantors named therein and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., related to the Company's 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023   Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K filed on August 23, 2018

 

4.9

 

Supplemental Indenture, dated as of February 8, 2019, among Rite Aid Corporation, the subsidiary guarantors named therein and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., to the Indenture, dated as of April 2, 2015, among Rite Aid Corporation, as issuer, the subsidiary guarantors named therein and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., related to the Company's 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023

 

Filed herewith

 

10.1

 

2000 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Included in Proxy Statement dated October 24, 2000

 

10.2

 

2001 Stock Option Plan

 

Exhibit 10.3 to Form 10-K, filed on May 21, 2001

 

10.3

 

2004 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.4 to Form 10-K, filed on April 29, 2005

 

10.4

 

2006 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10 to Form 8-K, filed on January 22, 2007

 

10.5

 

2010 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on June 25, 2010

 

10.6

 

Amendment No. 1, dated September 21, 2010, to the 2010 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.7 to Form 10-Q, filed on October 7, 2010

 

10.7

 

Amendment No. 2, dated January 16, 2013, to the 2010 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.8 to Form 10-K, filed on April 23, 2013

 

10.8

 

2012 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on June 25, 2012

 

10.9

 

Amendment No. 1, dated January 16, 2013, to the 2012 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.10 to Form 10-K, filed on April 23, 2013

 

10.10

 

2014 Omnibus Equity Plan

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on June 23, 2014

 

10.11

 

Form of Award Agreement

 

Exhibit 10.2 to Form 8-K, filed on May 15, 2012

 

10.12

 

Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan

 

Exhibit 10.6 to Form 10-K, filed on April 28, 2010

 

10.13

 

Executive Incentive Plan for Officers of Rite Aid Corporation

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on February 24, 2012

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Exhibit
Numbers
  Description   Incorporation By Reference To
  10.14   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and John T. Standley, dated as of January 21, 2010   Exhibit 10.7 to Form 10-K, filed on April 28, 2010

 

10.15

 

Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Douglas E. Donley, dated as of August 1, 2000

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 10-Q, filed on December 22, 2005

 

10.16

 

Amendment No. 1 to Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Douglas E. Donley, dated as of December 18, 2008

 

Exhibit 10.4 to Form 10-Q, filed on January 7, 2009

 

10.17

 

Employment Agreement, dated as of July 24, 2014, by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Darren W. Karst

 

Exhibit 10.2 to Form 10-Q, filed on October 2, 2014

 

10.18

 

Letter Agreement, dated October 26, 2015, to the Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Darren W. Karst, dated as of July 24, 2014

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on October 28, 2015

 

10.19

 

Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Jocelyn Konrad dated as of August 18, 2015

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 10-Q, filed on January 6, 2016

 

10.20

 

Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and Bryan Everett dated as of June 22, 2015

 

Exhibit 10.2 to Form 10-Q, filed on January 6, 2016

 

10.21

 

Employment Agreement by and between Rite Aid Corporation and David Abelman dated as of August 3, 2015

 

Exhibit 10.3 to Form 10-Q, filed on January 6, 2016

 

10.22

 

Form of Retention Award Agreement

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on January 7, 2016

 

10.23

 

Form of December 31, 2015 Retention Award Agreement

 

Exhibit 10.2 to Form 8-K, filed on January 7, 2016

 

10.24

 

Credit Agreement, dated as of December 20, 2018, among Rite Aid Corporation, the lenders from time to time party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent.

 

Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on December 20, 2018

 

10.25

 

Amended and Restated Collateral Trust and Intercreditor Agreement, including the related definitions annex, dated as of June 5, 2009, among Rite Aid Corporation, each subsidiary named therein or which becomes a party thereto, Wilmington Trust Company, as collateral trustee, Citicorp North America, Inc., as senior collateral processing agent, The Bank of New York Trust Company, N.A., as trustee under the 2017 7.5% Note Indenture (as defined therein) and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as trustee under the 2016 10.375% Note Indenture (as defined therein), and each other Second Priority Representative and Senior Representative which becomes a party thereto

 

Exhibit 10.3 to Form 8-K, filed on June 11, 2009

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Exhibit
Numbers
  Description   Incorporation By Reference To
  10.26   Standstill Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2018, among Rite Aid Corporation, Albertsons Companies, Inc. and Cerberus Capital Management, L.P.   Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, filed on February 20, 2018

 

10.27

 

Employment Agreement by and between RxOptions, LLC and its affiliates operating the EnvisionRXOptions business and Ben Bulkley dated February 15, 2019

 

Filed herewith

 

21

 

Subsidiaries of the Registrant

 

Filed herewith

 

23

 

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Filed herewith

 

31.1

 

Certification of CEO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

 

Filed herewith

 

31.2

 

Certification of CFO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

 

Filed herewith

 

32

 

Certification of CEO and CFO pursuant to 18 United States Code, Section 1350, as enacted by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Filed herewith

 

101.

 

The following materials are formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 2, 2019 and March 3, 2018, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018, and March 4, 2017, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018, and March 4, 2017, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018, and March 4, 2017, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the fiscal years ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018, and March 4, 2017 and (vi) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged in detail.

 

 

*
Certain schedules and/or exhibits to this agreement have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K and Rite Aid Corporation agrees to furnish supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission a copy of any omitted schedule and/or exhibit upon request.

In reviewing the agreements included as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K please remember they are included to provide you with information regarding their terms and are not intended to provide any other factual or disclosure information about Rite Aid Corporation, its subsidiaries or the other parties to the agreements. The agreements may contain representations and warranties by each of the parties to the applicable agreement. These representations and warranties have been made solely for the benefit of the other parties to the applicable agreement and:

should not in all instances be treated as categorical statements of fact, but rather as a way of allocating the risk to one of the parties if those statements prove to be inaccurate;

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    have been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other party in connection with the negotiation of the applicable agreement, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreement;

    may apply standards of materiality in a way that is different from what may be viewed as material to you or other investors; and

    were made only as of the date of the applicable agreement or such other date or dates as may be specified in the agreement and are subject to more recent developments.

    Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date they were made or at any other time. Additional information about Rite Aid Corporation may be found elsewhere in this report and the Company's other public filings, which are available without charge through the SEC's website at http://www.sec.gov.


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Rite Aid Corporation

Opinion on the Financial Statements

        We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Rite Aid Corporation and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of March 2, 2019 and March 3, 2018, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 2, 2019, and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of March 2, 2019 and March 3, 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 2, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

        We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of March 2, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated April 25, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

        These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
April 25, 2019

We have served as the Company's auditor since 1999.

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RITE AID CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  March 2,
2019
  March 3,
2018
 

ASSETS

             

Current assets:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 144,353   $ 447,334  

Accounts receivable, net

    1,788,712     1,869,100  

Inventories, net

    1,871,941     1,799,539  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    179,132     181,181  

Current assets held for sale

    117,581     438,137  

Total current assets

    4,101,719     4,735,291  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    1,308,514     1,431,246  

Goodwill

    1,108,136     1,421,120  

Other intangibles, net

    448,706     590,443  

Deferred tax assets

    409,084     594,019  

Other assets

    215,208     217,208  

Total assets

  $ 7,591,367   $ 8,989,327  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

             

Current liabilities:

             

Current maturities of long-term debt and lease financing obligations

  $ 16,111   $ 20,761  

Accounts payable

    1,618,585     1,651,363  

Accrued salaries, wages and other current liabilities

    808,439     1,231,736  

Current liabilities held for sale

        560,205  

Total current liabilities

    2,443,135     3,464,065  

Long-term debt, less current maturities

    3,454,585     3,340,099  

Lease financing obligations, less current maturities

    24,064     30,775  

Other noncurrent liabilities

    482,893     553,378  

Total liabilities

    6,404,677     7,388,317  

Commitments and contingencies

         

Stockholders' equity:

             

Common stock, par value $1 per share; 75,000 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding 54,016 and 53,366

    54,016     53,366  

Additional paid-in capital

    5,876,977     5,864,664  

Accumulated deficit

    (4,713,244 )   (4,282,471 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (31,059 )   (34,549 )

Total stockholders' equity

    1,186,690     1,601,010  

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

  $ 7,591,367   $ 8,989,327  

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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RITE AID CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 Weeks)
 

Revenues

  $ 21,639,557   $ 21,528,968   $ 22,927,540  

Costs and expenses:

                   

Cost of revenues

    16,963,205     16,748,863     17,862,833  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    4,592,375     4,651,262     4,776,995  

Lease termination and impairment charges

    107,994     58,765     45,778  

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges

    375,190     261,727      

Interest expense

    227,728     202,768     200,065  

Loss on debt retirements, net

    554          

Walgreens Boots Alliance merger termination fee

        (325,000 )    

Gain on sale of assets, net

    (38,012 )   (25,872 )   (6,649 )

    22,229,034     21,572,513     22,879,022  

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes

    (589,477 )   (43,545 )   48,518  

Income tax expense

    77,477     305,987     44,438  

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

    (666,954 )   (349,532 )   4,080  

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    244,741     1,293,002     (27 )

Net (loss) income

  $ (422,213 ) $ 943,470   $ 4,053  

Computation of income attributable to common stockholders:

                   

(Loss) income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted          

  $ (666,954 ) $ (349,532 ) $ 4,080  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

    244,741     1,293,002     (27 )

(Loss) income attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

  $ (422,213 ) $ 943,470   $ 4,053  

Basic (loss) income per share:

                   

Continuing operations

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08  

Discontinued operations

  $ 4.63   $ 24.64   $ (0.00 )

Net basic (loss) income per share

  $ (7.99 ) $ 17.98   $ 0.08  

Diluted (loss) income per share:

                   

Continuing operations

  $ (12.62 ) $ (6.66 ) $ 0.08  

Discontinued operations

  $ 4.63   $ 24.64   $ (0.00 )

Net diluted (loss) income per share

  $ (7.99 ) $ 17.98   $ 0.08  

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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RITE AID CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

(In thousands)

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 Weeks)
 

Net (loss) income

  $ (422,213 ) $ 943,470   $ 4,053  

Other comprehensive income:

                   

Defined benefit pension plans:

                   

Amortization of net actuarial losses included in net periodic pension cost, net of $1,765, $4,842 and $3,600 tax expense

    3,490     7,255     5,464  

Total other comprehensive income

    3,490     7,255     5,464  

Comprehensive (loss) income

  $ (418,723 ) $ 950,725   $ 9,517  

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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RITE AID CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

For the Years Ended March 2, 2019, March 3, 2018 and March 4, 2017

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  Common Stock    
   
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   
 
 
  Additional
Paid-In
Capital
  Accumulated
Deficit
   
 
 
  Shares   Amount   Total  

BALANCE FEBRUARY 27, 2016

    52,387     52,387   $ 5,818,032   $ (5,241,210 ) $ (47,781 ) $ 581,428  

Net income

                      4,053           4,053  

Other comprehensive income:

                                     

Changes in Defined Benefit Plans, net of $3,600 tax expense

                            5,464     5,464  

Comprehensive income

                                  9,517  

Exchange of restricted shares for taxes

    (40 )   (40 )   (6,215 )               (6,255 )

Issuance of restricted stock

    181     181     (181 )                

Cancellation of restricted stock

    (21 )   (21 )   21                  

Amortization of restricted stock balance

                12,588                 12,588  

Stock-based compensation expense

                9,989                 9,989  

Tax benefit from exercise of stock options and restricted stock vesting

                (148 )               (148 )

Stock options exercised

    178     178     6,773                 6,951  

BALANCE MARCH 4, 2017

    52,685   $ 52,685   $ 5,840,859   $ (5,237,157 ) $ (42,317 ) $ 614,070  

Net income

                      943,470           943,470  

Other comprehensive income:

                                     

Changes in Defined Benefit Plans, net of $4,842 tax expense

                            7,255     7,255  

Comprehensive income

                                  950,725  

Adoption of ASU 2016-09

                      11,729           11,729  

Adoption of ASU 2018-02

                      (513 )   513      

Exchange of restricted shares for taxes

    (73 )   (73 )   (4,030 )               (4,103 )

Issuance of restricted stock

    693     693     (693 )                

Cancellation of restricted stock

    (180 )   (180 )   180                  

Amortization of restricted stock balance

                18,365                 18,365  

Stock-based compensation expense

                2,761                 2,761  

Amortization of performance-based incentive plans

                1,667                 1,667  

Stock options exercised

    241     241     5,555                 5,796  

BALANCE MARCH 3, 2018

    53,366   $ 53,366   $ 5,864,664   $ (4,282,471 ) $ (34,549 ) $ 1,601,010  

Net loss

                      (422,213 )         (422,213 )

Other comprehensive income:

                                     

Changes in Defined Benefit Plans, net of $1,765 tax expense

                            3,490     3,490  

Comprehensive loss

                                  (418,723 )

Adoption of ASU 2014-09

                      (8,560 )         (8,560 )

Exchange of restricted shares for taxes

    (70 )   (70 )   (2,349 )               (2,419 )

Issuance of restricted stock

    709     709     (709 )                

Cancellation of restricted stock

    (88 )   (88 )   88                  

Amortization of restricted stock balance

                14,628                 14,628  

Stock-based compensation expense

                (1,539 )               (1,539 )

Stock options exercised

    99     99     2,194                 2,293  

BALANCE MARCH 2, 2019

    54,016   $ 54,016   $ 5,876,977   $ (4,713,244 ) $ (31,059 ) $ 1,186,690  

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents


RITE AID CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

 
  Year Ended  
 
  March 2,
2019
(52 Weeks)
  March 3,
2018
(52 Weeks)
  March 4,
2017
(53 Weeks)
 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

                   

Net (loss) income

  $ (422,213 ) $ 943,470   $ 4,053  

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    244,741     1,293,002     (27 )

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

  $ (666,954 ) $ (349,532 ) $ 4,080  

Adjustments to reconcile to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

                   

Depreciation and amortization

    357,882     386,057     407,366  

Lease termination and impairment charges

    107,994     58,765     45,778  

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges

    375,190     261,727      

LIFO charge (credit)

    23,354     (28,827 )   (3,721 )

Gain on sale of assets, net

    (38,012 )   (25,872 )   (6,649 )

Stock-based compensation expense

    12,115     25,793     23,482  

Loss on debt retirements, net

    554          

Changes in deferred taxes

    95,638     260,411     35,038  

Excess tax benefit on stock options and restricted stock

            (543 )

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

                   

Accounts receivable

    (75,844 )   (349,481 )   (159,590 )

Inventories

    (44,645 )   18,835     (49,381 )

Accounts payable

    125,925     211,511     39,542  

Other assets

    1,000     (10,082 )   (50,986 )

Other liabilities

    (439,906 )   52,165     (101,389 )

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities of continuing operations                  

    (165,709 )   511,470     183,027  

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

                   

Payments for property, plant and equipment

    (196,778 )   (185,879 )   (254,149 )

Intangible assets acquired

    (47,911 )   (28,885 )   (39,648 )

Proceeds from insured loss

        4,239      

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

    2,587          

Proceeds from dispositions of assets and investments

    43,550     27,586     16,852  

Net cash used in investing activities of continuing operations

    (198,552 )   (182,939 )   (276,945 )

FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

                   

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

    450,000          

Net proceeds from (payments to) revolver

    875,000     (265,000 )   330,000  

Principal payments on long-term debt

    (440,370 )   (9,882 )   (16,588 )

Change in zero balance cash accounts

    (59,481 )   35,605     43,080  

Net proceeds from the issuance of common stock

    2,294     5,796     6,951  

Financing fees paid for early debt redemption

    (171 )        

Excess tax benefit on stock options and restricted stock

            543  

Deferred financing costs paid

    (21,564 )        

Payment for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards

    (2,419 )   (4,103 )   (6,254 )

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities of continuing operations                  

    803,289     (237,584 )   357,732  

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

                   

Operating activities of discontinued operations

    (62,956 )   (245,126 )   49,090  

Investing activities of discontinued operations

    664,740     3,496,222     (187,314 )

Financing activities of discontinued operations

    (1,343,793 )   (3,140,119 )   (4,651 )

Net cash (used in) provided by discontinued operations

    (742,009 )   110,977     (142,875 )

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

    (302,981 )   201,924     120,939  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

    447,334     245,410     124,471  

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

  $ 144,353   $ 447,334   $ 245,410  

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

74