10-Q 1 t1602477_10q.htm FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission File Number: 001-35561

 

 

 

 

 

WECAST NETWORK, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Nevada 20-1778374
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

375 Greenwich Street, Suite 516

New York, New York 10013

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

212-206-1216

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

 

 

YOU On Demand Holdings, Inc. 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes x      No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes x      No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “larger accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer                    ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨ Smaller reporting company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes ¨      No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 42,715,658 shares as of November 11, 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

OF WECAST NETWORK, INC.

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I -FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 3
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 27
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 36
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 36
     
PART II -OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 38
Item 1A. Risk Factors 38
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 38
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 38
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 38
Item 5. Other Information 38
Item 6. Exhibits 39
Signatures 40

 

References

 

Except as otherwise indicated by the context, references in this report to (i) the “Company,” “Wecast Network,” “we,” “us,” and “our” are to Wecast Network, Inc. (formerly known as YOU On Demand Holdings, Inc.), a Nevada corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries and variable interest entities; (ii) “CB Cayman” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary China Broadband, Ltd., a Cayman Islands company; (iii) “YOD Hong Kong” are to YOU On Demand (Asia) Limited (formerly known as Sinotop Group Limited), a Hong Kong company wholly-owned by CB Cayman; (iv) “YOD WFOE” are to YOU On Demand (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd., a PRC company wholly-owned by YOD Hong Kong; (v) “Sinotop Beijing” or “Sinotop” are to Beijing Sino Top Scope Technology Co., Ltd, a PRC company controlled by YOD Hong Kong through contractual arrangements; (vi) “Zhong Hai Media” are to Zhong Hai Shi Xun Media Co., Ltd., a PRC company 80% owned by Sinotop Beijing; (vii) “SSF” are to Tianjin Sevenstarflix Network Technology Limited, a PRC company controlled by YOD Hong Kong through contractual arrangements; (viii) “Hua Cheng” are to Hua Cheng Hu Dong (Beijing) Film and Television Communication Co., Ltd., a PRC company 39% owned by Sinotop Beijing and 20% owner of Zhong Hai Media; (ix) “SEC” are to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission; (x) “Securities Act” are to Securities Act of 1933, as amended; (xi) “Exchange Act” are to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; (xii) “PRC” and “China” are to People’s Republic of China; (xiii) “Renminbi” and “RMB” are to the legal currency of China; (xiv) “U.S. dollar,” “$” and “US$” are to United States dollars; and (xv) “VIEs” refers to our current variable interest entities, Sinotop Beijing, and Tianjin Sevenstarflix Network Technology Limited.

 

 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

WECAST NETWORK, INC., ITS SUBSIDIARIES AND VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

INDEX TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

 

  Page
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets 4
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations 5
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss 6
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 7
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Equity 8
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements 10

 

3

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $2,839,286   $3,768,897 
Restricted cash   -    2,994,364 
Accounts receivable, net   4,102,124    1,689,415 
Licensed content, current   962,026    556,591 
Prepaid expenses   310,696    362,421 
Deferred issuance cost   -    551,218 
Other current assets   152,766    157,594 
Total current assets   8,366,898    10,080,500 
Property and equipment, net   78,674    154,434 
Licensed content, non-current   17,946,839    21,085 
Intangible assets, net   2,327,378    2,412,591 
Goodwill   6,648,911    6,648,911 
Long term investments   6,698,160    450,115 
Other non-current assets   4,271,203    58,089 
Total assets  $46,338,063   $19,825,725 
           
LIABILITIES, CONVERTIBLE REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable (including accounts payable of consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”) without recourse to the Company of  $219,130 and $44,867 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)  $219,130   $45,788 
Deferred revenue of VIEs    4,466    15,080 
Accrued expenses (including accrued expenses of VIEs without recourse to the Company of  $225,819 and $280,038 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)   966,295    1,196,066 
Accrued salaries (including accrued salaries of VIEs without recourse to the Company of nil and $10,861 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)   940,059    1,058,124 
Other current liabilities (including other current liabilities of VIEs without recourse to the Company of  $438,042  and $298,422 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)   643,753    312,170 
Accrued license content fees of VIEs   1,018,921    933,532 
Convertible promissory notes   3,000,000    3,000,000 
Warrant liabilities   193,391    395,217 
Deposit payable   -    2,994,364 
Total current liabilities   6,986,015    9,950,341 
Deferred income taxes   304,288    330,124 
Total liabilities  $7,290,303   $10,280,465 
           
Commitments and contingencies          
           
Convertible redeemable preferred stock:          
Series A - 7,000,000 shares issued and outstanding, liquidation and deemed liquidation preference of $3,500,000 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively   1,261,995    1,261,995 
Equity:          
Series E Preferred Stock - $0.001 par value; 16,500,000 shares authorized, 7,154,997 and 7,254,997 shares issued and outstanding, liquidation preference of $12,521,245 and $12,696,245 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively   7,155    7,255 
Common stock - $0.001 par value; 1,500,000,000 shares authorized, 42,715,658 and 24,249,109 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively   42,716    24,249 
Additional paid-in capital   133,299,521    97,512,542 
Accumulated deficit   (92,229,603)   (86,457,840)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (705,643)   (414,910)
Total Wecast Network shareholders’ equity   40,414,146    10,671,296 
Non-controlling interest   (2,628,381)   (2,388,031)
Total equity   37,785,765    8,283,265 
Total liabilities, convertible redeemable preferred stock and equity  $46,338,063   $19,825,725 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30,   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015   2016   2015 
                 
Revenue  $1,626,844   $476,165   $4,377,034   $2,983,741 
Cost of revenue   893,796    900,284    2,609,975    2,772,322 
Gross profit/(loss)   733,048    (424,119)   1,767,059    211,419 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
Selling, general and administrative expense   2,320,247    1,832,443    6,294,206    5,939,559 
Professional fees   326,353    141,034    964,290    581,115 
Depreciation and amortization   123,502    98,643    344,308    283,468 
Impairment of long-lived assets (Note 6)   172,064    -   172,064    - 
Total operating expense   2,942,166    2,072,120    7,774,868    6,804,142 
                     
Loss from operations   (2,209,118)   (2,496,239)   (6,007,809)   (6,592,723)
                     
Interest and other income/(expense)                    
Interest expense, net   (24,971)   (30,613)   (225,154)   (89,168)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   58,220    91,315    201,826    125,364 
Equity in earning (loss) of equity method investees   17,487    (50,642)   (19,862)   (143,666)
Other   (3,313)   142,280    (8,409)   95,937 
Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interest   (2,161,695)   (2,343,899)   (6,059,408)   (6,604,256)
                     
Income tax benefit   8,612    8,612    25,836    25,836 
                     
Net loss   (2,153,083)   (2,335,287)   (6,033,572)   (6,578,420)
                     
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest   105,879   249,369    261,809    376,893 
                     
Net loss attributable to Wecast Network shareholders  $(2,047,204)  $(2,085,918)  $(5,771,763)  $(6,201,527)
                     
Basic and diluted loss per share  $(0.05)  $(0.09)  $(0.18)  $(0.26)
                     
Weighted average shares outstanding:                    
Basic and diluted   41,184,037    24,003,403    31,640,230    23,890,929 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30,   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015   2016   2015 
Net loss  $(2,153,083)  $(2,335,287)  $(6,033,572)  $(6,578,420)
Other comprehensive loss, net of nil tax                    
                     
Foreign currency translation adjustments   (67,764)   (182,208)   (269,274)   (182,930)
Comprehensive loss   (2,220,847)   (2,517,495)   (6,302,846)   (6,761,350)
Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest   100,982   230,472    240,350    359,113 
Comprehensive loss attributable to Wecast Network shareholders  $(2,119,865)  $(2,287,023)  $(6,062,496)  $(6,402,237)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,  September 30,
   2016  2015
Cash flows from operating activities:          
   Net loss  $(6,033,572)  $(6,578,420)
    Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities          
      Share-based compensation expense   286,577    517,903 
      Provision for doubtful accounts (Note 4)   366,887    9,087 
      Depreciation and amortization   344,308    283,468 
      Amortization of debt issuance costs   122,696    - 
      Income tax benefit   (25,836)   (25,836)
      Equity in losses of equity method investees   19,862    143,666 
      Loss on disposal of assets   -    2,421 
      Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   (201,826)   (125,364)
      Impairment of long-lived assets   172,064    - 
      Foreign currency exchange losses   3,431   - 
           
Change in assets and liabilities:          
      Accounts receivable   (2,890,663)   (1,496,756)
      Licensed content   (639,225)   80,889 
      Prepaid expenses and other assets   (799   (338,814)
      Accounts payable   177,354    (88,440)
      Accrued expenses, salary and other current liabilities   250,856    796,467 
      Deferred revenue   (10,359)   204,560 
      Accrued license content fees   112,896    398,064 
Net cash used in operating activities   (7,945,349)   (6,217,105)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
      Acquisition of and deposit for property and equipment   (3,130,862)   (32,193)
      Acquisition of leasehold improvements   (455,723)   - 
      Deposit for investment (Note 10)   (650,000)   - 
      Investments in intangibles   (2,811,346)   (48,938)
      Investment in long term investments   (3,584,025)   - 
Net cash used in investing activities   (10,631,956)   (81,131)
Cash flows from financing activities          
      Proceeds from issuance of shares and warrant (Note 8 and Note 11)   18,000,000    - 
      Costs associated with financing activities   (294,890)   - 
Net cash provided by financing activities   17,705,110    - 
      Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   (57,416)   (157,374)
Net decrease in cash   (929,611)   (6,455,610)
           
Cash at beginning of period   3,768,897    10,812,371 
           
Cash at end of period  $2,839,286   $4,356,761 
           
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:          
           
Cash paid for income taxes  $-   $- 
Cash paid for interest  $-   $- 
Exchange of Series E Preferred Stock for common stock  $100   $110 
Issuance of convertible note for licensed content (Note 11)  $17,717,847   $- 
Issuance of shares for the settlement of liability  $75,000   $- 
Issuance of shares upon conversion of convertible note, including accrued interest and debt issuance cost (Note 11)  $17,733,297   $- 
Acquisition of long term investment through transfer of Game IP rights (Note 7)  $2,714,441   $- 
Payable for workforce acquired (Note 6)  $93,828   $- 
Workforce intangible acquired for shares (Note 6)  $

121,695

   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015

 

   Series E
Preferred
Stock
   Series E
Par
Value
   Common
Stock
   Par
Value
   Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   Accumulated
Deficit
   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   Wecast Network
Shareholders'
Equity
   Non-
controlling
Interest
   Total
Equity
 
Balance, January 1, 2015   7,365,283   $7,365    23,793,702   $23,794   $96,347,272   $(78,356,567)  $(66,032)  $17,955,832   $(1,982,119)  $15,973,713 
Share-based compensation   -    -    -    -    300,797    -    -    300,797    -    300,797 
Common stock issued for services   -    -    120,755    121    216,985    -    -    217,106    -    217,106 
Conversion of Series E Preferred Stock into common stock   (110,286)   (110)   110,286    110    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Exercise of options             3,181    3    (3)                         
Net loss attributable to Wecast Network shareholders   -    -    -    -    -    (6,201,527)   -    (6,201,527)   (376,893)   (6,578,420)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    (200,710)   (200,710)   17,780    (182,930)
Balance, September 30, 2015   7,254,997   $7,255    24,027,924   $24,028   $96,865,051   $(84,558,094)  $(266,742)  $12,071,498   $(2,341,232)  $9,730,266 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

8

 

 

Wecast Network, Inc., Its Subsidiaries and Variable Interest Entities
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

 

   Series E
Preferred
Stock
   Series E
Par
Value
   Common
Stock
   Par
Value
   Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   Accumulated
Deficit
   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   Wecast Network
Shareholders'
Equity
   Non-
controlling
Interest
   Total
Equity
 
Balance, January 1, 2016   7,254,997   $7,255    24,249,109   $24,249   $97,512,542   $(86,457,840)  $(414,910)  $10,671,296   $(2,388,031)  $8,283,265 
Share-based compensation   -    -    25,000    25    286,552    -    -    286,577    -    286,577 
Common stock issuance   -    -    9,090,909    9,091    17,268,483    -    -    17,277,574    -    17,277,574 
Warrants issued in connection with common stock issuance   -    -    -    -    722,426    -    -    722,426    -    722,426 
Issuance cost in connection with the issuance of common stock and warrants   -    -    -    -    (411,223)   -    -    (411,223)   -    (411,223)
Common stock issued from conversion of  convertible note   -    -    9,208,860    9,209    17,724,088    -    -    17,733,297    -    17,733,297 
Restricted Shares granted in connection with  acquisition of intangible   -    -    -    -    121,695    -    -    121,695    -    121,695 
Common stock issued for settlement of liability   -    -    41,780    42    74,958    -    -    75,000    -    75,000 
Common stock issued from conversion of series E preferred stock   (100,000)   (100)   100,000    100    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (5,771,763)   -    (5,771,763)   (261,809)   (6,033,572)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of nil tax   -    -    -    -    -    -    (290,733)   (290,733)   21,459    (269,274)
Balance, September 30, 2016   7,154,997   $7,155    42,715,658   $42,716   $133,299,521   $(92,229,603)  $(705,643)  $40,414,146   $(2,628,381)  $37,785,765 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

9

 

1.Organization and Principal Activities

 

Wecast Network, Inc. (the “Company”), formerly known as YOU On Demand Holdings, Inc., is a Nevada corporation that primarily operates in China (“PRC”) through its subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”). The Company, its subsidiaries and consolidated VIEs are collectively referred to as Wecast Network (“Wecast Network”, “we”, “us”, or “the Company”).

 

Wecast Network provides premium content and integrated value-added service solutions for the delivery of Video-on-Demand (“VOD”) and paid video programming to digital cable providers, Internet Protocol Television (“IPTV”) providers, Over-the-Top (“OTT”) streaming providers, mobile manufacturers and operators.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statements of the financial position as of September 30, 2016, results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, have been made. All significant intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated on consolidation.

 

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2016 (“2015 Annual Report”).

 

In 2016, the Company adopted the Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires debt issuance costs be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability, instead of reported on the balance sheet as an asset. When the cost is incurred before receipt of the debt or funding, entities will continue to record the cost of issuing debt as a separate asset. The costs will continue to be amortized as interest expense using the effective interest method. The adoption of ASU 2015-03 did not have any impact on prior period financial statements as no debt issuance cost were incurred for the debt that was outstanding as of December 31, 2015.

 

2.Going Concern and Management’s Plans

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company incurred net losses of approximately $6.0 million and $6.6 million, respectively, and cash used in operations was approximately $7.9 million and $6.2 million, respectively. Further, the Company had cash of $2.8 million and net current liabilities of $7.0 million as of September 30, 2016, including a $3.0 million convertible note due on demand with the maturity date of December 31, 2016 and accumulated deficit of approximately $92.2 million and $84.6 million as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, due to recurring losses since the inception of our business.

 

The Company must continue to rely on proceeds from debt and equity issuances to pay for ongoing operating expenses in order to execute its business plan. On March 28, 2016, the Company completed a common stock financing for $10.0 million. In addition, the Company completed two common stock financing with Seven Star Works Co. Ltd. (“SSW”) for $4.0 million, and with Harvest Alternative Investment Opportunities SPC (“Harvest”) for $4.0 million on July 19, 2016 and August 12, 2016, respectively. Although the Company believes it has the ability to raise funds by issuing debt or equity instruments, additional financing may not be available to the Company on terms acceptable to the Company or at all or such resources may not be received in a timely manner.

 

These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and, accordingly, do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

3.VIE Structure and Arrangements

 

a)Sinotop VIE structure and arrangement

 

To comply with PRC laws and regulations that prohibit or restrict foreign ownership of companies that provides value-added telecommunication services, the Company provides its services through Sinotop Beijing and its subsidiary, Zhong Hai Media, which holds the licenses and approvals to provide digital distribution and Internet content services in the PRC. The Company has the ability to control Sinotop Beijing and Zhong Hai Media through a series of contractual agreements entered into among YOD WFOE, YOD Hong Kong, Sinotop Beijing and the legal shareholders of Sinotop Beijing.

 

10

 

Prior to January 2016, we entered into a series of contractual agreements to give us the ability to control Sinotop Beijing with Zhang Yan, the legal shareholder of Sinotop Bejing (the spouse of our then-CEO). In January 2016, in connection with the appointment of our new CEO and in accordance with our rights under the contractual agreements, (1) the legal ownership of Sinotop Beijing was transferred from Zhang Yan to Bing Wu, the brother of our current Chairman and Yun Zhu, our Vice President and former Vice President of Beijing Sun Seven Stars Culture Development Limited (“SSS”), (2) the Company terminated the series of contractual arrangements with Zhang Yan, and (3) the Company entered into new contractual agreements with Bing Wu and Yun Zhu (collectively, the “New Sinotop VIE Agreements”). Although the New Sinotop VIE Agreements resulted in changes to the legal shareholders of Sinotop Beijing, there was no change in the Company’s ability to control Sinotop Beijing or the Company’s rights to 100% of the economic benefits of Sinotop Beijing. The Company was the primary beneficiary of Sinotop Beijing prior to the signing of the New Sinotop VIE Agreements and the Company remained the primary beneficiary of Sinotop Beijing after the signing of the New Sinotop VIE Agreements. Accordingly, the change in legal ownership of Sinotop Beijing did not have any impact to the Company’s consolidation of Sinotop Beijing. The key terms of the New Sinotop VIE Agreements are summarized as follows:

 

Equity Pledge Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Equity Pledge Agreement among YOD WFOE, Sinotop Beijing, Bing Wu and Yun Zhu (collectively, the “Nominee Shareholders”), the Nominee Shareholders pledged all of their equity interests in Sinotop Beijing (the “Collateral”) to YOD WFOE as security for the performance of the obligations of Sinotop Beijing to make all the required technical service fee payments pursuant to the Technical Services Agreement and for performance of the Nominee Shareholders’ obligation under the Call Option Agreement. The terms of the Equity Pledge Agreement expire upon satisfaction of all obligations under the Technical Services Agreement and Call Option Agreement.

 

Call Option Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Call Option Agreement among YOD WFOE, Sinotop Beijing and the Nominee Shareholders, the Nominee Shareholders granted an exclusive option to YOD WFOE, or its designee, to purchase, at any time and from time to time, to the extent permitted under PRC law, all or any portion of the Nominee Shareholders’ equity in Sinotop Beijing. The exercise price of the option shall be determined by YOD WFOE at its sole discretion, subject to any restrictions imposed by PRC law. The term of the agreement is until all of the equity interest in Sinotop Beijing held by the Nominee Shareholders are transferred to YOD WFOE, or its designee and may not be terminated by any part to the agreement without consent of the other parties.

 

Power of Attorney

 

Pursuant to the Power of Attorney agreements among YOD WFOE, Sinotop Beijing and each of the respective Nominee Shareholders, each of the Nominee Shareholders granted YOD WFOE the irrevocable right, for the maximum period permitted by law, all of its voting rights as shareholders of Sinotop Beijing. The Nominee Shareholders may not transfer any of its equity interest in Sinotop Beijing to any party other than YOD WFOE. The Power of Attorney agreements may not be terminated except until all of the equity in Sinotop Beijing has been transferred to YOD WFOE or its designee.

 

Technical Service Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Technical Service Agreement between YOD WFOE and Sinotop Beijing, YOD WFOE has the exclusive right to provide technical service, marketing and management consulting service, financial support service and human resource support services to Sinotop Beijing, and Sinotop Beijing is required to take all commercially reasonable efforts to permit and facilitate the provision of the services by YOD WFOE. As compensation for providing the services, YOD WFOE is entitled to receive service fees from Sinotop Beijing equivalent to YOD WFOE’s cost plus 30% of such costs as calculated on accounting policies generally accepted in the PRC. YOD WFOE and Sinotop Beijing agree to periodically review the service fee and make adjustments as deemed appropriate. The term of the Technical Services Agreement is perpetual, and may only be terminated upon written consent of both parties.

 

Spousal Consent

 

Pursuant to the Spousal Consent, undersigned by the respective spouse of Nominee Shareholders (collectively, the “Spouses”), the Spouses unconditionally and irrevocably agreed to the execution of the Equity Pledge Agreement, Call Option Agreement and Power of Attorney agreement. The Spouses agreed to not make any assertions in connection with the equity interest of Sinotop Beijing and to waived consent on further amendment or termination of the Equity Pledge Agreement, Call Option Agreement and Power of Attorney agreement. The Spouses further pledge to execute all necessary documents and take all necessary actions to ensure appropriate performance under these agreements upon YOD WFOE’s request. In the event the Spouses obtain any equity interests of Sinotop Beijing which are held by the Nominee Shareholders, the Spouses agreed to be bound by the New Sinotop VIE Agreements, including the Technical Services Agreement, and comply with the obligations thereunder, including sign a series of written documents in substantially the same format and content as the New Sinotop VIE Agreements.

 

11

 

Letter of Indemnification

 

Pursuant to the Letter of Indemnification among YOD WFOE and Bing Wu and YOD WFOE and Yun Zhu, YOD WFOE agreed to indemnify Nominee Shareholders against any personal, tax or other liabilities incurred in connection with their role in equity transfer to the greatest extent permitted under PRC law. YOD WFOE further waived and released Nominee Shareholders from any claims arising from, or related to, their role as the legal shareholder of Sinotop Beijing, provided that their actions as a nominee shareholder are taken in good faith and are not opposed to YOD WFOE’s best interests. Conversely, the Nominee Shareholders will not be entitled to dividends or other benefits generated therefrom, or receive any compensation in connection with this arrangement. The Letter of Indemnification will remain valid until either Nominee Shareholders or YOD WFOE terminates the agreement by giving the other party hereto sixty (60) days’ prior written notice.

 

In addition to the New Sinotop VIE Agreements, the Management Service Agreement between Sinotop Beijing and YOD Hong Kong continued to remain in effect, the key terms of which are as follows:

 

Management Services Agreement

 

Pursuant to a Management Services Agreement, as of March 9, 2010, YOD Hong Kong has the exclusive right to provide to Sinotop Beijing management, financial and other services related to the operation of Sinotop Beijing’s business, and Sinotop Beijing is required to take all commercially reasonable efforts to permit and facilitate the provision of the services by YOD Hong Kong. As compensation for providing the services, YOD Hong Kong is entitled to receive a fee from Sinotop Beijing, upon demand, equal to 100% of the annual net profits as calculated on accounting policies generally accepted in the PRC of Sinotop Beijing during the term of the Management Services Agreement. YOD Hong Kong may also request ad hoc quarterly payments of the aggregate fee, which payments will be credited against Sinotop Beijing’s future payment obligations.

 

The Management Services Agreement also provides YOD Hong Kong, or its designee, with a right of first refusal to acquire all or any portion of the equity of Sinotop Beijing upon any proposal by the sole shareholder of Sinotop Beijing to transfer such equity. In addition, at the sole discretion of YOD Hong Kong, Sinotop Beijing is obligated to transfer to YOD Hong Kong, or its designee, any part or all of the business, personnel, assets and operations of Sinotop Beijing which may be lawfully conducted, employed, owned or operated by YOD Hong Kong, including:

 

(a)       business opportunities presented to, or available to Sinotop Beijing may be pursued and contracted for in the name of YOD Hong Kong rather than Sinotop Beijing, and at its discretion, YOD Hong Kong may employ the resources of Sinotop Beijing to secure such opportunities;

 

(b)      any tangible or intangible property of Sinotop Beijing, any contractual rights, any personnel, and any other items or things of value held by Sinotop Beijing may be transferred to YOD Hong Kong at book value;

 

(c)       real property, personal or intangible property, personnel, services, equipment, supplies and any other items useful for the conduct of the business may be obtained by YOD Hong Kong by acquisition, lease, license or otherwise, and made available to Sinotop Beijing on terms to be determined by agreement between YOD Hong Kong and Sinotop Beijing;

 

(d)      contracts entered into in the name of Sinotop Beijing may be transferred to YOD Hong Kong, or the work under such contracts may be subcontracted, in whole or in part, to YOD Hong Kong, on terms to be determined by agreement between YOD Hong Kong and Sinotop Beijing; and

 

(e)       any changes to, or any expansion or contraction of, the business may be carried out at the sole discretion of YOD Hong Kong, and in the name of and at the expense of, YOD Hong Kong; provided, however, that none of the foregoing may cause or have the effect of terminating (without being substantially replaced under the name of YOD Hong Kong) or adversely affecting any license, permit or regulatory status of Sinotop Beijing.

 

The term of the Management Services Agreement is 20 years, and may not be terminated by Sinotop Beijing, except with the consent of, or a material breach by, YOD Hong Kong.

 

Pursuant to the above contractual agreements, YOD WFOE can have the assets transferred freely out of Sinotop Beijing without any restrictions. Therefore, YOD WFOE considers that there is no asset of Sinotop Beijing or Zhong Hai Media that can be used only to settle obligations of Sinotop Beijing or Zhong Hai Media, except for the registered capital of these two entities amounting to RMB17.0 million (approximately $2.6 million) as of September 30, 2016. As Sinotop Beijing and Zhong Hai Media are incorporated as limited liability companies under PRC Company Law, creditors of these two entities do not have recourse to the general credit of other entities of the Company.

 

12

 

b) Tianjin Sevenstarflix Network Technology Limited (“SSF”) VIE structure and arrangements

 

To comply with PRC laws and regulations that prohibit or restrict foreign ownership of companies that provides value-added telecommunication services, the Company plans to also provide its services through SSF, which is applying to hold the licenses and approvals to provide digital distribution and Internet content services in the PRC. The Company has the ability to control SSF through a series of contractual agreements, as described below, entered into among YOD WFOE, YOD Hong Kong, SSF and the legal shareholders of SSF.

 

On April 5, 2016, YOD WFOE entered into variable interest entity agreements with SSF and its nominee shareholders pursuant to the Amended Tianjin Agreement dated December 21, 2015 (see Note 11 (c)) (the “SSF VIE Agreements”). Lan Yang, holder of 99% equity ownership in SSF and a party to certain of the SSF VIE Agreements, is the spouse of Bruno Zheng Wu, the Company’s Chairman. Yun Zhu, holder of 1% equity ownership in SSF and a party to certain of the SSF VIE Agreements, is the Vice President of SSS.

 

The terms of the SSF VIE Agreements are as follows:

 

Equity Pledge Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Equity Pledge Agreement among YOD WFOE, Lan Yang and Yun Zhu (the “Nominee Shareholders”), dated April 5, 2016, the Nominee Shareholders pledged all of their capital contribution rights in SSF to YOD WFOE as security for the performance of the obligations of SSF to make all the required technical service fee payments pursuant to the Technical Services Agreement and for performance of the Nominee Shareholders’ obligation under the Call Option Agreement. The terms of the Equity Pledge Agreement expire upon satisfaction of all obligations under the Technical Services Agreement and Call Option Agreement.

 

Call Option Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Call Option Agreement among YOD WFOE, SSF and the Nominee Shareholders, dated April 5, 2016, the Nominee Shareholders granted an exclusive option to YOD WFOE, or its designee, to purchase, at any time and from time to time, to the extent permitted under PRC law, all or any portion of the Nominee Shareholders’ equity in SSF. The exercise price of the option shall be determined by YOD WFOE at its sole discretion, subject to any restrictions imposed by PRC law. The term of the agreement is until all of the equity interest in SSF held by the Nominee Shareholders is transferred to YOD WFOE, or its designee and may not be terminated by any party to the agreement without consent of the other parties.

 

Power of Attorney

 

Pursuant to the Power of Attorney agreements among YOD WFOE, SSF and each of the respective Nominee Shareholders, dated April 5, 2016, each of the Nominee Shareholders granted YOD WFOE the irrevocable right, for the maximum period permitted by law, to all of its voting rights as shareholders of SSF. The Nominee Shareholders may not transfer any of their equity interest in SSF to any party other than YOD WFOE. The Power of Attorney agreements may not be terminated except until all of the equity in SSF has been transferred to YOD WFOE or its designee.

 

Technical Service Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Technical Service Agreement, dated April 5, 2016, between YOD WFOE and SSF, YOD WFOE has the exclusive right to provide technical service, marketing and management consulting service, financial support service and human resource support services to SSF, and SSF is required to take all commercially reasonable efforts to permit and facilitate the provision of the services by YOD WFOE. As compensation for providing the services, YOD WFOE is entitled to receive service fees from SSF equivalent to YOD WFOE’s cost plus 20-30% of such costs as calculated on accounting policies generally accepted in the PRC. YOD WFOE and SSF agree to periodically review the service fee and make adjustments as deemed appropriate. The term of the Technical Services Agreement is perpetual, and may only be terminated upon written consent of both parties.

 

Spousal Consent

 

Pursuant to the Spousal Consent, dated April 5, 2016, undersigned by the respective spouse of the Nominee Shareholders (collectively, the “Spouses”), the Spouses unconditionally and irrevocably agreed to the execution of the Equity Pledge Agreement, Call Option Agreement and Power of Attorney agreement. The Spouses agreed to not make any assertions in connection with the equity interest of SSF and to waive consent on further amendment or termination of the Equity Pledge Agreement, Call Option Agreement and Power of Attorney agreement. The Spouses further pledge to execute all necessary documents and take all necessary actions to ensure appropriate performance under these agreements upon YOD WFOE’s request. In the event the Spouses obtain any equity interests of SSF which are held by the Nominee Shareholders, the Spouses agreed to be bound by the SSF VIE Agreements, including the Technical Services Agreement, and comply with the obligations thereunder, including sign a series of written documents in substantially the same format and content as the SSF VIE Agreements.

 

13

 

Letter of Indemnification

 

Pursuant to the Letter of Indemnification among YOD WFOE and Lan Yang and YOD WFOE and Yun Zhu, both dated as of April 5, 2016, YOD WFOE agreed to indemnify Nominee Shareholders against any personal, tax or other liabilities incurred in connection with their role in equity transfer to the greatest extent permitted under PRC law. YOD WFOE further waived and released the Nominee Shareholders from any claims arising from, or related to, their role as the legal shareholder of SSF, provided that their actions as a nominee shareholder are taken in good faith and are not opposed to YOD WFOE’s best interests. The Nominee Shareholders will not be entitled to dividends or other benefits generated therefrom, or receive any compensation in connection with this arrangement. The Letter of Indemnification will remain valid until either the Nominee Shareholders or YOD WFOE terminates the agreement by giving the other party hereto sixty (60) days’ prior written notice.

 

Loan Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Loan Agreement among YOD WFOE and the Nominee Shareholders, dated April 5, 2016, YOD WFOE agrees to lend RMB 19.8 million and RMB 0.2 million, respectively, to the Nominee Shareholders for the purpose of establishing SSF and for development of its business. As of September 30, 2016, RMB 27.6 million (US $4.2 million) and RMB nil have been lent to Lan Yang and Yun Zhu, respectively. Lan Yang has contributed all of the RMB 27.6 million (US $4.2 million) in the form of capital contribution and accordingly the loan is eliminated with the capital of SSF upon consolidation. The loan can only be repaid by a transfer by the Nominee Shareholders of their equity interests in SSF to YOD WFOE or YOD WFOE’s designated persons, through (i) YOD WFOE having the right, but not the obligation to at any time purchase, or authorize a designated person to purchase, all or part of the Nominee Shareholders’ equity interests in SSF at such price as YOD WFOE shall determine (the “Transfer Price”), (ii) all monies received by the Nominee Shareholders through the payment of the Transfer Price being used solely to repay YOD WFOE for the loans, and (iii) if the Transfer Price exceeds the principal amount of the loans, the amount in excess of the principal amount of the loans being deemed as interest payable on the loans, and to be payable to YOD WFOE in cash. Otherwise, the loans shall be deemed to be interest-free. The term of the Loan Agreement is perpetual, and may only be terminated upon the Nominee Shareholders receiving repayment notice, or upon the occurrence of an event of default under the terms of the agreement.

 

Management Services Agreement

 

In addition to the SSF VIE Agreements, the Company’s subsidiary and the parent company of YOD WFOE, YOU On Demand (Asia) Limited, a company incorporated under the laws of Hong Kong (“YOD Hong Kong”) entered into a Management Services Agreement with SSF, dated as of April 6, 2016 (the “Management Services Agreement”). Pursuant to a Management Services Agreement, YOD Hong Kong has the exclusive right to provide to SSF management, financial and other services related to the operation of SSF’s business, and SSF is required to take all commercially reasonable efforts to permit and facilitate the provision of the services by YOD Hong Kong. As compensation for providing the services, YOD Hong Kong is entitled to receive a fee from SSF, upon demand, equal to 100% of the annual net profits as calculated on accounting policies generally accepted in the PRC of SSF during the term of the Management Services Agreement. YOD Hong Kong may also request ad hoc quarterly payments of the aggregate fee, which payments will be credited against SSF’s future payment obligations.

 

In addition, at the sole discretion of YOD Hong Kong, SSF is obligated to transfer to YOD Hong Kong, or its designee, any part or all of the business, personnel, assets and operations of SSF which may be lawfully conducted, employed, owned or operated by YOD Hong Kong, including:

 

(a)       business opportunities presented to, or available to SSF may be pursued and contracted for in the name of YOD Hong Kong rather than SSF, and at its discretion, YOD Hong Kong may employ the resources of SSF to secure such opportunities;

 

(b)       any tangible or intangible property of SSF, any contractual rights, any personnel, and any other items or things of value held by SSF may be transferred to YOD Hong Kong at book value;

 

(c)       real property, personal or intangible property, personnel, services, equipment, supplies and any other items useful for the conduct of the business may be obtained by YOD Hong Kong by acquisition, lease, license or otherwise, and made available to SSF on terms to be determined by agreement between YOD Hong Kong and SSF;

 

14

 

(d)       contracts entered into in the name of SSF may be transferred to YOD Hong Kong, or the work under such contracts may be subcontracted, in whole or in part, to YOD Hong Kong, on terms to be determined by agreement between YOD Hong Kong and SSF; and

 

(e)       any changes to, or any expansion or contraction of, the business may be carried out in the exercise of the sole discretion of YOD Hong Kong, and in the name of and at the expense of, YOD Hong Kong;

 

provided, however, that none of the foregoing may cause or have the effect of terminating (without being substantially replaced under the name of YOD Hong Kong) or adversely affecting any license, permit or regulatory status of SSF.

 

The term of the Management Services Agreement is 20 years, and may not be terminated by SSF, except with the consent of, or a material breach by, YOD Hong Kong.

 

Pursuant to the above contractual agreements, YOD WFOE can have the assets transferred freely out of SSF without any restrictions. Therefore, YOD WFOE considers that there is no asset of SSF that can be used only to settle obligation of YOD WFOE, except for the registered capital of SSF amounting to RMB 50.0 million (approximately $7.5 million), among which RMB 27.6 million (approximately $4.2 million) has been injected as of September 30, 2016. As SSF is incorporated as limited liability company under PRC Company Law, creditors of these two entities do not have recourse to the general credit of other entities of the Company.

 

Financial Information

 

The following financial information of our VIEs, as applicable for the periods presented, affected the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $423,224   $1,001,094 
Accounts receivable, net   

4,102,124

    1,689,415 
Licensed content, current   962,026    556,591 
Prepaid expenses   

118,571

    98,893 
Other current assets   124,266    133,582 
Intercompany receivables due from the Company's subsidiaries(i)   156,576    161,017 
Total current assets   5,886,787    3,640,592 
Property and equipment, net   64,386    149,880 
Licensed content, non-current   228,992    21,085 
Intangible assets, net   2,951    253,771 
Long term investments   3,698,160    450,115 
Other non-current assets   585,014    58,026 
Total assets  $10,466,290   $4,573,469 
           
LIABILITIES          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $219,130   $44,867 
Deferred revenue   4,466    15,080 
Accrued expenses   225,819    280,038 
Other current liabilities   438,042    298,422 
Accrued salaries   -    10,861 
Accrued license content fees   1,018,921    933,532 
Intercompany payables due to the Company's subsidiaries(i)   14,852,719    12,512,954 
Total current liabilities   16,759,097    14,095,754 
Total liabilities  $16,759,097   $14,095,754 
           
   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015 
Revenue  $4,377,034   $2,983,741 
Net loss  $

(1,182,884

)  $(2,030,575)

 

15

 

   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015 
Net cash used in operating activities  $

(3,777,951

)  $(352,169)
Net cash used in investing activities  $

(3,355,296

)  $(79,815)
Net cash provided by intercompany financing activities(i)  $6,555,377   $- 

 

(i)Intercompany receivables and payables are eliminated upon consolidation. The intercompany financing activities include the capital injection of $4.2 million to SSF in the nine months period ended September 30,2016.

 

The revenue producing assets that are held by the VIEs and a VIE’s subsidiary primarily comprise of licensed content, network equipment, software and licenses and website. Substantially all of such assets are recognized in the Company’s consolidated financial statements, except for certain Internet Content Provider licenses, internally developed software, trademarks and patent applications which were not recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as they do not meet all the capitalization criteria. The VIEs also have assembled work force for sales, marketing and operations.

 

 

4. Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable is consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
Accounts receivable, gross:  $4,469,011   $1,689,415 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   (366,887)   - 
Accounts receivable, net  $4,102,124   $1,689,415 

 

The movement of the allownace for doubtful accounts is as follows:

 

   September 30,
2016
   September 30,
2015
 
Balance at the beginning of the period  $-   $- 
Additions charged to bad debt expense  366,887   9,087 
Write-off of bad debt allowance  -   (9,087)
Balance at the end of the period  $366,887   $- 

 

 

5.Property and Equipment

 

The following is a breakdown of our property and equipment:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
Furniture and office equipment  $914,723   $910,420 
Leasehold improvements   177,207    190,722 
Total property and equipment   1,091,930    1,101,142 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (1,013,256)   (946,708)
Property and Equipment, net  $78,674   $154,434 

 

We recorded depreciation expense of approximately $33,000 and $101,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and $47,000 and $147,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 respectively.

 

6.Intangible Assets

 

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company’s amortizing and indefinite lived intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

    September 30, 2016     December 31, 2015  
 Amortizing Intangible   Gross Carrying     Accumulated     Impairment     Net     Gross Carrying     Accumulated     Impairment     Net  
       Assets   Amount     Amortization     Loss     Balance     Amount     Amortization     Loss     Balance  
Charter/Cooperation agreements $ 2,755,821   $ (849,716 $ -   $ 1,906,105   $ 2,755,821   $ (746,372 $ -   $ 2,009,449  
Software and licenses   274,017     (241,778   -     32,239     253,930     (234,947   -     18,983  
Website and mobile app development (ii)   616,218     (444,502   (171,716   -     653,830     (403,961   -     249,869  
Workforce (i)   305,693     (50,949         254,744     -     -     -     -  
Total amortizing intangible assets $ 3,951,749   $   (1,586,945 ) $ (171,716 ) $   2,193,088   $ 3,663,581   $ (1,385,280 ) $ - $ 2,278,301  
Indefinite lived intangible assets                                                
Website name   134,290     -     -     134,290     134,290     -     -     134,290  
Total intangible assets $ 4,086,039   $ (1,586,945 $ (171,716 ) $ 2,327,378   $ 3,797,871   $ (1,385,280 $ - $ 2,412,591  

 

 

(i) On April 1, 2016, Wecast Network entered into an agreement with Mr. Liu Changsheng, under which Wecast Network agreed to pay Mr. Liu Changsheng cash consideration of $187,653 and 66,500 shares of restricted shares with a six month restriction period and a fair value of $121,695 in exchange for a workforce of 10 personnel experienced in programing content mobile apps. All 10 personnel enter into three year employment contracts with Wecast Network effective from April 1, 2016. The Company also acquired certain laptop and desktop computers with fair value of $3,655. According to the agreement, 30% of the cash consideration is due upon the signing of the agreement, 20% is due 2 months after the signing of the agreement and 50% is due 6 months after the signing of the agreement. Cash consideration of $93,825 has been paid as of September 30, 2016, and $93,828 was paid on October 31, 2016. If any of three key staff, as defined, terminated their employment with Wecast Network during the first 12 months of employment, Wecast Network has right to forfeit the unpaid cash consideration. In addition, Mr. Liu Changsheng would be required to pay a default penalty at minimal of $129,180.

 

16

 

Wecast Network has accounted for the transaction as an asset acquisition in which Wecast Network mainly acquired a workforce, which is recognized as an intangible asset at cost. Subsequently, the workforce intangible is amortized over the employment term of three years.

 

We recorded amortization expense related to our amortizing intangible assets of approximately $90,000 and $243,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and $52,000 and $137,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 respectively, which included the amortization expense of the workforce acquired as stated above.

 

(ii) Considering a new mobile app is being developed to be put into market in October, 2016, we determined that the future cash flows generated from the old mobile app was nil. In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. We estimated the fair value of this intangible asset to be nil as of September 30, 2016. Impairment loss recognized from this intangible asset for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 is $172,000 and nil, respectively.

 

The following table outlines the amortization expense for the next five years and thereafter:

 

   Amortization to be 
Years ending December 31,  Recognized 
2016 (3 months)  $65,090 
2017   251,003 
2018   250,665 
2019   168,049 
2020   137,792 
2021   137,792 
Thereafter   1,182,697 
Total amortization to be recognized  $2,193,088 

 

7.Long Term Investments

 

(i)Long Term Investments under Cost Method

 

(a)Investment in Topsgames

 

On April 13, 2016, SSF entered into a Game Right Assignment Agreement with SSS for the acquisition of certain game IP rights (“Game IP Rights”) for approximately $2.7 million (RMB18 million) in cash. As of September 30, 2016, $2.7 million has been all paid to SSS. On April 15, 2016, SSF entered into a Capital Increase Agreement with Nanjing Tops Game Co., Ltd. (“Topsgame”) and its shareholders whereby SSF transferred the Game IP Rights acquired from SSS to Topsgame in exchange for 13% of Topsgame’s equity ownership. Topsgame is a PRC company that specializes in the independent development and operation of online, stand-alone and other games as well as the distribution of domestic and overseas games. The investment was part of the Company’s transformation and expansion strategy. The Company’s 13% ownership interest does not provide the Company with the right to nor does the Company have representation on the board of directors of Topsgame.

 

The Company has recognized the cost of the investment in Topsgame, which is a private company with no readily determinable fair value, equal to the fair value of Game IP Rights of approximately $2.7 million and account for the investment by the cost method.

 

In accordance with Topsgame’s board resolution made on July 1, 2016 for all its shareholders to proportionally increase their investments in Topsgame by RMB 30,000,000, SSF has increased its investment in Topsgame by RMB 3,900,000 (approximately $584,000) on September 14, 2016, which maintain 13% equity ownership of Topsgame. The investment was still accounted by the cost method and amounted to $3.3 million as of September 30, 2016.

 

(b)Investment in Frequency

 

In April 2016, the Company and Frequency Networks Inc. (“Frequency”) entered into a Series A Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) for the purchase of 8,566,271 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Frequency (the “Frequency Preferred Stock”) for a total purchase price of $3.0 million. The 8,566,271 Series A Preferred Stock represent 13% ownership and voting interest on an as converted basis and does not provide the Company with the right to nor does the Company have representation on the board of directors of Frequency.

 

The Frequency Preferred Stock is entitled to non-cumulative dividends at the rate of $0.02548 per share per annum, declared at the discretion of Frequency’s board of directors. The Frequency Preferred Stock is also convertible into shares of Frequency common stock at the Company’s election any time after issuance on a 1:1 basis, subject to certain adjustment. Each share of Frequency Preferred Stock also has a liquidation preference of $0.42467 per share, plus any declared but unpaid dividends.

 

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The Company has recognized the cost of the investment in Frequency, which is a private company with no readily determinable fair value, at its cost of $3 million and account for the investment by the cost method. As of September 30, 2016, investment in Frequency was $3 million.

 

(ii)Long Term Investment under Equity Method

 

(c)Investment in Shandong Media and Hua Cheng

 

Investments in entities where the Company can exercise significant influence, but not control, is classified as a long-term equity investment and accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method, the investment is initially recorded at cost and adjusted for the Company’s share of undistributed earnings or losses of the investee. Investment losses are recognized until the investment is written down to nil provided the Company does not guarantee the investee’s obligations nor it is committed to provide additional funding.

 

As of and for the period ended September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company’s long term equity investments are comprised of the Company’ investment in Shandong Lushi Media Co., Ltd. (“Shandong Media”) and Hua Cheng Hu Dong (Beijing) Film and Television Communication Co., Ltd. (“Hua Cheng”), which are 30% and 39%, respectively, owned by Sinotop Beijing. The long term investment in Shandong Media was nil and nil as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 respectively, and the long term investment in Hua Cheng was $0.4 million and $0.5 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 respectively.

 

8.Stockholders’ Equity

 

On July 6, 2016, the Company entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement (the “SSW SPA”) with Seven Stars Works Co., Ltd., a Korea company (“SSW”) and an affiliate of SSS. Pursuant to the terms of the SSW SPA, the Company has agreed to sell and issue 2,272,727 shares of the Company’s common stock for $1.76 per share, or a total purchase price of $4.0 million to SSW. A total of $4.0 million was received and 2,272,727 shares were issued on July 19, 2016.

 

On August 11, 2016, the Company entered into Common Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Harvest SPA”) with Harvest Alternative Investment Opportunities SPC (“Harvest”), a Cayman Islands company. Pursuant to the terms of the Harvest SPA, the Company has agreed to sell and issue 2,272,727 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, for $1.76 per share, or a total purchase price of $4.0 million to Harvest. A total of $4.0 million was received and 2,272,727 shares were issued on August 12, 2016.

 

 

9.Fair Value Measurements

 

Accounting standards require the categorization of financial assets and liabilities, based on the inputs to the valuation technique, into a three-level fair value hierarchy. The various levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:

 

·Level 1 — Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets and liabilities in an active market that we have the ability to access.

 

·Level 2 — Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

·Level 3 — Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

 

Accounting standards require the use of observable market data, when available, in making fair value measurements. When inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

We review the valuation techniques used to determine if the fair value measurements are still appropriate on an annual basis, and evaluate and adjust the unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurements based on current market conditions and third party information.

 

Common stock is valued at closing price reported on the active market on which the individual securities are traded.

 

The fair value of the warrant liabilities at September 30, 2016 were valued using the Black-Scholes Merton method as an estimate for the Monte Carlos Simulation method which was the method used at the year ended December 31, 2015. The following assumptions were incorporated:

 

   Black Scholes   Monte Carlo 
   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
Risk-free interest rate   0.59%   0.92%
Expected volatility   60%   60%
Expected term   0.92 years   1.67 years
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%

 

The following tables present the fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively:

 

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   September 30, 2016     
   Fair Value Measurements     
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total Fair Value 
Liabilities                    
Warrant liabilities (see Note 12)  $-   $-   $193,391   $193,391 
                     
   December 31, 2015     
   Fair Value Measurements     
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total Fair Value 
Liabilities                    
Warrant liabilities (see Note 12)  $-   $-   $395,217   $395,217 

 

The table below reflects the components effecting the change in fair value for the nine months ended September 30, 2016:

 

   Level 3 Assets and Liabilities     
   For the Nine  Months Ended September 30 , 2016     
   January 1,       Change in   September 30, 
   2016   Settlements   Fair Value   2016 
Liabilities:                    
Warrant liabilities (see Note 12)  $395,217   $-   $(201,826)  $193,391 

 

On March 28, 2016, the Company issued common stock and warrant to SSS (see Note 11). The warrant is considered an equity classified instrument and the fair value of the warrant on March 28, 2016 was $672,727, which was valued using the Monte Carlos Simulation method. The following assumptions were incorporated:

 

   Monte Carlo 
   March 28, 2016 
Risk-free interest rate   0.89%
Expected volatility   60%
Expected term    2 years
Expected dividend yield   0%

 

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company’s warrant includes the risk free interest rate, expected volatility, expected term and expected dividend yield. Significant increases or decreases in any of those inputs in isolation would result in a significantly different fair value measurement.

 

The carrying amount of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, other payables and convertible note as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.

 

10.Related Party Transactions

 

(a)$3.0 Million Convertible Note

 

On May 10, 2012, the Company’s then Executive Chairman and Principal Executive Officer and current Vice Chairman, Mr. Shane McMahon, made a loan to the Company in the amount of $3,000,000. In consideration for the loan, the Company issued a convertible note to Mr. McMahon in the aggregate principal amount of $3,000,000 (the “Note”) at a 4% interest rate computed on the basis of a 365 day year. Upon issuance, the conversion price of the Note was equal to the price per share paid for securities by investors in the most recent financing (as of the date of conversion) of equity or equity-linked securities of the Company.

 

Effective on January 31, 2014, the Company and Mr. McMahon entered into an amendment the Note pursuant to which the Note is, at Mr. McMahon’s option, payable on demand or convertible on demand into shares of Series E Preferred Stock of the Company (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) at a conversion price of $1.75, until December 31, 2015. As a result, in 2014, the Company recognized a beneficial conversion feature discount calculated as the difference between the fair value of the common stock at the commitment date for the Series E Preferred Stock investment and the effective conversion price. As such, the Company recognized a beneficial conversion feature of approximately $2,126,000 which in 2014 was reflected as interest expense and additional paid-in capital since the note was payable upon demand.

 

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Effective December 30, 2014, the Company and Mr. McMahon entered into another amendment pursuant to which the maturity date of the Note was extended to December 31, 2016. The Note remains payable on demand or convertible on demand into shares of Series E Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $1.75 at Mr. McMahon’s option.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded interest expense of $30,000 and $90,000, respectively, related to the Note; For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded interest expense of $30,000 and $90,000, respectively, related to the Note. As of September 30, 2016, total accrued and unpaid interest amounted to $497,425 and is recorded in accrued expenses in the the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

(b) Revenue and Accounts Receivable

 

In March 2015, Zhong Hai Media entered into an agreement with C Media Limited (“C Media”), a beneficial owner of more than 5% of our capital stock, controlled by our director Xuesong Song, to provide video content services via C Media’s proprietary railway Wi-Fi service platform. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, total revenue recognized amounted to nil and nil, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, total revenue recognized amounted to nil and $182,000, respectively. As of September 30, 2016, total accounts receivable due from C Media amounted to approximately $90,000. The entire $90,000 accounts receivable due from C Media was collected on October 20, 2016.

 

(c) Cost of Revenue

 

Hua Cheng, the minority shareholder of Zhong Hai Media, charged us licensed content fees of approximately $55,000 and nil for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, and approximately $148,000 and $80,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of September 30 2016, total accrued license content fees due to Hua Cheng amounted to approximately $164,000.

 

(d) Purchase of Game IP Rights

 

On April 13, 2016, SSF entered into a Game Right Assignment Agreement with SSS for the acquisition of certain Game IP Rights for cash based on total fair value of the Game IP Rights, which was determined to be approximately $2.7 million (RMB 18 million), of which approximately $2.1 million (RMB 14 million) and $0.6 million (RMB 4 million) has been paid out in the quarter ended on June 30 and September 30 respectively. The Game IP Rights was recorded at cost and then subsequently transferred in exchange for the investment in Topsgame as disclosed in Note 7 above.

 

(e) Deposit for Investment in MYP

 

On September 19, 2016, the Company signed a non-binding term sheet with Sun Video Group HK Limited (“SVG”) in purchase for its 51% ownership of M.Y. Products, LLC (“MYP”), a video commerce and supply chain management operator, in exchange for $50 million worth of Wecast Network common stock and $800,000 cash. SVG guarantees MYP will achieve $200 million cumulative top line revenue, within 12 months of closing. If MYP fails to meet the guarantee, then SVG shall forfeit back to the Company the Wecast Network common stock it received, on a pro-rata basis of revenue achieved. The shares will be held in escrow until the guarantee is met. MYP is 51% owned by SVG, an affiliate of the Company’s Chairman, Bruno Wu, and SSS.

 

In accordance with the term sheet, the Company shall wire $800,000 (or its RMB equivalent) to MYP upon signing the term sheet as Good Faith Deposit. If this above-stated transaction is not completed within 6 months (unless further extended by both parties), then the Good Faith Deposit shall be repaid within 15 business days. As of September 30, 2016, the transaction has not yet been closed, and $650,000 of the deposit has been paid to MYP. The rest of $150,000 of the deposit was paid on November 8, 2016. 

 

11.SSS Agreements

 

On November 23, 2015, the Company entered into a series of agreements for a strategic investment by SSS, a PRC company in the media and entertainment industry that is controlled by the Company’s Chairman, Bruno Zheng Wu. The strategic investment by SSS included a private placement of equity securities of the Company, a content licensing agreement, and the potential for Tianjin Enternet Network Technology Limited (“Tianjin Enternet”), an affiliate of SSS, to earn additional shares of the Company’s common stock contingent on the performance of SSF. SSF intends to provide a branded pay content service, consumer payments and behavior data analysis service, customer management and data-based service and mobile social TV-based customer management service.

 

On December 21, 2015, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Amended SSS Purchase Agreement”) and a Revised Content License Agreement (the “Revised Content Agreement”) with SSS which amended certain terms of the original agreements dated November 23, 2015. In addition, the Company also entered into an Amended and Restated Share Purchase Agreement (the “Amended Tianjin Agreement”) with Tianjin Enternet.

 

(a)Amended SSS Purchase Agreement

 

On March 28, 2016, pursuant to the Amended SSS Purchase Agreement, the Company sold, and SSS purchased, 4,545,455 shares of the Company’s common stock for a purchase price of $2.20 per share, or an aggregate of $10.0 million. In addition, SSS received a two-year warrant to acquire an additional 1,818,182 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.75 per share (the “SSS Warrant”). Until receipt of necessary shareholder approvals, the SSS Warrant may not be exercised to the extent that such exercise would result in SSS and its affiliates beneficially owning more than 19.99% of the Company’s outstanding common stock. On June 27, 2016, shareholder approval was obtained.

 

Since the SSS Warrant does not embody any future obligation for the Company to repurchase its own shares, is indexed to the Company’s own stock, may only be settled by the physical delivery of shares, and no conditions exist in which net cash settlement could be forced upon the Company by SSS in any other circumstances, the SSS Warrant is considered an equity classified instrument. The proceeds of $10.0 million, net of issuance cost of approximately $443,000,was allocated to common stock and SSS Warrant based on their relative fair value as of March 28, 2016 of approximately $8,227,000 and $673,000, respectively. Accordingly, the Company recorded approximately $722,000 in additional paid-in capital for the SSS Warrant.

 

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(b)Revised Content Agreement

 

On March 28, 2016, pursuant to the Amended and Restated SSS Purchase Agreement, SSS granted the Company non-exclusive royalty-free distribution rights for certain video content value at approximately $29.1 million in exchange for a convertible promissory note (the “SSS Note”). The SSS Note has a stated principal amount of approximately $17,718,000, was originally due to mature on May 21, 2016, and beard an interest at the rate of 0.56% per annum. Immediately upon the receipt of the required shareholder approval to allow SSS to beneficially own more than 19.99% of the Company’s outstanding common stock, which was obtained on June 27, 2016, the SSS Note was automatically converted into 9,208,860 shares of the Company’s common stock. On June 27, 2016, shareholder approval was obtained.

 

In connection with the issuance of the SSS Note, the Company recorded debt issuance costs of approximately $131,000 which was to be amortized over the period of the SSS Note’s maturity date, of which approximately nil and $122,000 was recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 respectively.

 

The Company measured the effective conversion price of the SSS Note using its carrying value on March 28, 2016 and compared it to the fair value of the Company’s common stock on that date. As the effective conversion price of the SSS Note of $1.91 exceeded the fair value of the Company’s common stock, no beneficial conversion feature was recognized.

 

On May 12, 2016, the Company and SSS entered into an amendment agreement to extend the maturity date of the SSS Note to July 31, 2016.

 

In the Annual Meeting of Shareholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of the Company held on June 27, 2016, shareholders approved the issuance of 9,208,860 shares of the Company’s common stock upon the conversion of the SSS Note and it was automatically converted into 9,208,860 shares of the Company’s common stock on June 27, 2016.

 

The carrying value of the SSS Note as of June 27, 2016, which included the unamortized issuance costs of $9,000 and, pursuant to the terms of SSS Note, accrued interest expense (as to the date of conversion) of $ 24,000 has been recorded into the common shares issued on June 27, 2016.

 

(c)Amended Tianjin Agreement

 

Pursuant to the Amended Tianjin Agreement dated December 21, 2015, Tianjin Enternet was to contribute 100% of the equity ownership of SSF, a newly-formed subsidiary of Tianjin Enternet to the Company. Contingent on the performance of SSF, Tianjin Enternet will receive shares of the Company’s common stock over three years, with the exact number not exceeding 5.0 million per year, provided the earn-out provisions for each of the 2016, 2017 and 2018 annual periods (the “Earn-Out Share Award”) are achieved. The earn-out provision for 2016, 2017 and 2018 are either 50.0 million homes/users passed or $4.0 million net income, 100.0 million homes/users passed or $6.0 million net income and 150.0 million homes/users passed or $8.0 million net income, respectively. In the event that the Company has not obtained the required vote from shareholders to issue the earn-out shares to Tianjin Enternet, the Company shall issue a promissory note with a principal amount equal to the quotient by multiplying 5.0 million by the applicable stock price defined in the agreement.

 

On April 5, 2016, in lieu of Tianjin Enternet contributing 100% of the equity ownership of SSF to the Company, YOD WFOE entered into VIE agreements with SSF and its legal shareholders in order to comply with PRC regulatory requirements on certain industries. SSF is 99% owned by Lan Yang, the spouse of Bruno Zheng Wu, the Company’s Chairman, and 1% owned by Yun Zhu, a Vice President of Wecast Network. By virtue of these VIE agreements; YOD WFOE obtained financial controlling interest in SSF, including the power to direct the activities of SSF, and therefore is the primary beneficiary of SSF. As the control of SSF was transferred to YOD WFOE through both the VIE agreements and physical handover of company documents on April 5, 2016, the transaction was determined to be completed on that date.

 

At the time YOD WFOE obtained control over SSF, SSF had no assets, liabilities, employees or operating activities, nor did it hold any licenses, trade names or other intellectual properties. The Company also did not receive any assets, employees, contracts, sales or distribution systems or intellectual property from Tianjin Enternet in connection with the transaction. Since the acquisition of SSF did not include any input or processes, as defined under ASC 805-10-20, the transaction was not considered a business combination under ASC 805.

 

The earn-out provision is based on either the number of home/user pass or the net income of SSF. While the net income is measured based on the operations of SSF, the number of home/user pass is measured based on number of home/user pass of SSF’s distributors. Such earn-out provision is based on an index that is not calculated solely by reference to the operations of SSF, which is not considered indexed to the Company’s own shares. Also the earn-out provisions permit cash settlement if the Company cannot issue the earn-out shares. Therefore, the earn-out provision is classified as a liability and measured initially and subsequently at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings at each reporting periods.

 

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On June 27, 2016, the Company held its 2016 annual meeting of stockholders and received approval from its stockholders to allow SSS to beneficially own more than 19.99% of the Company’s outstanding common stock. Accordingly, the Earn-Out Share Award became issuable at the time when the earn-out provisions are considered to have been met pursuant to the Amended Tianjin Agreement.

 

The Company obtained control of SSF on April 5, 2016. As of September 30, 2016, SSF had not been fully ready yet to conduct its new business, including any Internet, telecommunication or content related sales and operations. Accordingly, the liability recognized was nil as of September 30, 2016 because the conditions to trigger the issuance of the Earn-Out Share Award were not probable of being met.

 

12.Warrant Liabilities

 

In connection with our August 30, 2012 private financing, we issued investors and a broker warrants to acquire 977,063 shares of the Company’s common stock, of which 440,813 shares were exercised prior to January 1, 2015. In accordance with FASB ASC 815-40-15-5, Determining Whether an Instrument (or Embedded Feature) is indexed to an Entity’s Own Stock; the warrants have been accounted as derivative liabilities to be re- measured at the end of every reporting period with the change in value reported in the consolidated statement of operations. On August 30, 2012, such warrants were valued at $1,525,000 utilizing a valuation model and were initially recorded as a liability. The warrants are revalued at each year end based on the Monte Carlo valuation.

 

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the warrant liability was re-valued as disclosed in Note 9, and recorded at its fair value of approximately $193,000 and $395,000, respectively, resulting in a gain of approximately $202,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. There were no warrants exercised during nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

13.Share-Based Payments

 

As of September 30, 2016, the Company had 2,151,428 options and 3,783,002 warrants outstanding (including the 1,818,182 warrants issued to SSS as disclosed in Note 11 (a)) to purchase shares of our common stock.

 

The Company awards common stock and stock options to employees and directors as compensation for their services, and accounts for its stock option awards to employees and directors pursuant to the provisions of ASC 718, Stock Compensation. The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes Merton valuation model. The Company recognizes the fair value of each option as compensation expense ratably using the straight-line attribution method over the service period, which is generally the vesting period.

 

Total share-based payments expense recorded by the Company during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 is as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30   September 30   September 30   September 30 
   2016   2015   2016   2015 
Employees and directors share-based payments  $75,000   $174,000   $287,000   $518,000 

 

Effective as of December 3, 2010, our Board of Directors approved the Wecast Network, Inc. 2010 Stock Incentive Plan (“the Plan”) pursuant to which options or other similar securities may be granted. The maximum aggregate number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the Plan is 4,000,000 shares. As of September 30, 2016, options available for issuance are 1,239,467 shares.

 

(a)Stock Options

 

Stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 is summarized as follows:

 

           Weighted Average     
           Remaining   Aggregated 
   Options   Weighted Average   Contractual Life   Intrinsic 
   Outstanding   Exercise Price   (Years)   Value 
Outstanding at January 1, 2016   1,734,429   $2.77           
Granted   455,000    1.58           
Exercised   -    -           
Expired   (25,897)   1.65           
Forfeited   (12,104)   1.65           
Outstanding at September 30, 2016   2,151,428    2.54    4.91    - 
Vested and expected to vest as of September 30, 2016   2,151,428    2.54    4.91    - 
Options exercisable at September 30, 2016 (vested)   2,113,615    2.55    4.84    - 

 

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On July 6, 2016, 455,000 shares stock options were issued to certain employees for services provided to us. The fair value of the stock options granted were valued using the Black-Scholes Merton method on the grant date, amounting to $423,000.

 

The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair values of the share options granted in the years presented:

 

   Black Scholes
   July 6, 2016
Risk-free interest rate   1.06%
Expected volatility   60%~70% 
Expected term    5.88 years 
Expected dividend yield   0%

 

 

As of September 30, 2016, approximately $435,000 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested share options is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.64 years. The total fair value of shares vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was approximately $12,000 and $301,000 respectively.

 

(b) Warrants

 

In connection with the Company’s financings, the Warner Brother Agreement and the service agreements, the Company issued warrants to service providers to purchase common stock of the Company.

 

As of September 30, 2016, the weighted average exercise price of the warrants was $1.68 and the weighted average remaining life was 1.87 years. The May 2011 Warner Brothers Warrants of 200,000 and 2011 Service Agreement Warrants of 26,667 expired as of September 30, 2016. The following table outlines the warrants outstanding and exercisable as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

   September 30,   December 31,        
   2016   2015        
   Number of   Number of        
   Warrants   Warrants     
Warrants Outstanding  Outstanding
and Exercisable
   Outstanding
and Exercisable
   Exercise
Price
   Expiration
Date
                
May 2011 Warner Brothers Warrants   -    200,000   $6.60   05/11/16
2011 Service Agreement Warrants   -    26,667   $7.20   06/15/16
2012 August Financing Warrants(i)   536,250    536,250   $1.50   08/30/17
2013 Broker Warrants (Series D Financing)   228,571    228,571   $1.75   07/05/18
2013 Broker Warrants (Convertible Note)   114,285    114,285   $1.75   11/04/18
2014 Broker Warrants (Series E Financing)   1,085,714    1,085,714   $1.75   01/31/19
    1,964,820    2,191,487         

 

(i)The warrants are classified as derivative liabilities as disclosed in Note 12.

 

14.Net Loss Per Common Share

 

Basic net loss per common share attributable to Wecast Network shareholders is calculated by dividing the net loss attributable to Wecast Network shareholders by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the applicable period. Diluted net loss per share equals basic net loss per share because the effect of securities convertible into common shares is anti-dilutive.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the number of securities convertible into common shares not included in diluted loss per common share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive consists of the following:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015 
Warrants - issued to SSS (Note 11(a))   1,818,182    - 
Warrants - Others (Note 13)   1,964,820    2,191,487 
Options   2,151,428    1,721,096 
Series A Preferred Stock   933,333    933,333 
Series E Preferred Stock   7,154,997    7,254,997 
Convertible promissory notes   2,015,812    1,947,053 
Total   16,038,572    14,047,966 

 

The Company has reserved its authorized but unissued common stock for possible future issuance in connection with the following:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015 
Exercise of stock warrants   3,783,002    2,191,487 
Issuable shares for stock options and restricted shares   3,928,870    3,928,870 
Conversion of preferred stock   8,088,330    8,188,330 
Issuable shares from conversion of promissory notes payable   2,015,812    1,947,053 
Total   17,816,014    16,255,740 

 

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15.Income Taxes

 

As of September 30, 2016, the Company had approximately $27.7 million of the U.S domestic cumulative tax loss carryforwards and approximately $17.0 million of the foreign cumulative tax loss carryforwards, which may be available to reduce future income tax liabilities in certain jurisdictions. These U.S. and foreign tax loss carryforwards will expire beginning year 2028 through 2036 and year 2016 to year 2021, respectively. We have established a 100% valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets due to our history of pre-tax losses and the likelihood that the deferred tax assets will not be realizable. The valuation allowance increased approximately $0.2 million and $1.8 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.

 

As of September 30, 2016, there are no unrecorded tax benefits which would impact our financial position or our results of operations.

 

16.Contingencies and Commitments

 

(a) Severance Commitment

 

The Company has employment agreements with certain employees that provide severance payments upon termination of employment under certain circumstances, as defined in the applicable agreements. As of September 30, 2016, the Company's potential minimum cash obligation to these employees was approximately $279,000.

 

(b) Operating Lease Commitment

 

The Company is committed to paying operating leases related to our offices in China through 2020 and thereafter as follows:

 

   Leased Property 
Years ending December 31,  Costs 
2016 (3 months)  $125,000 
2017   304,000 
2018   309,000 
2019   266,000 
2020   205,000 
Thereafter   87,000 
Total  $1,296,000 

 

(c) Licensed Content Commitment

 

The Company is committed to paying content costs through 2019 as follows:

 

Years ending December 31,  Content Costs 
2016 (3 months)  $

2,294,000

 
2017   425,000 
2018   225,000 
2019   225,000 
Total  $3,169,000 

 

(d) Lawsuits and Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. As of September 30, 2016, there are no such legal proceedings or claims that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

(e) Acquisition of Property Commitment

 

In consideration of the Company’s business expansion and rising rental costs, on February 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with Beijing Kuntin Taiming Investment Management Co., Ltd. for purchase of an office building.

 

24

 

Total consideration for the property acquisition was approximately $4,239,000 (RMB 27 million), which the Company has paid $3,214,000 million (RMB 21 million) in the second and third quarters of 2016 and is committed to paying the following through 2016 as follows:

 

Years ending December 31,  Property 
2016 (3 months)   1,025,000 
Total  $1,025,000 

 

(f) Marketing Expense Commitment

 

The Company is committed to paying marketing expense through 2016 as follows:

 

Years ending December 31,  Marketing expenses 
2016 (3 months)   249,000 
Total  $249,000 

 

(g) Investment commitment

 

The Company entered into a Joint Venture Agreement (the “JV Agreement”) with Megtron Hong Kong Investment Group Co., Limited on May 30, 2016, pursuant to which the Company is committed to contribute RMB 5.0 million within one month after the Joint-Venture Company is formed.

 

17.Concentration, Credit and Other Risks

 

(a)PRC Regulations

 

The PRC market in which the Company operates poses certain macro-economic and regulatory risks and uncertainties. These uncertainties extend to the ability of the Company to conduct wireless telecommunication services through contractual arrangements in the PRC since the industry remains highly regulated. The Company conducts all of its operations in China through Zhong Hai Media, which the Company controls as a result of a series of contractual arrangements entered among YOD WFOE, Sinotop Beijing as the parent company of Zhong Hai Media, SSF and the respective legal shareholders of Sinotop Beijing and SSF. The Company believes that these contractual arrangements are in compliance with PRC law and are legally enforceable. If Sinotop Beijing, SSF or their respective legal shareholders fail to perform the obligations under the contractual arrangements or any dispute relating to these contracts remains unresolved, YOD WFOE or YOD HK can enforce its rights under the VIE contracts through PRC law and courts. However, uncertainties in the PRC legal system could limit the Company’s ability to enforce these contractual arrangements. In particular, the interpretation and enforcement of these laws, rules and regulations involve uncertainties. If YOD WFOE had direct ownership of Sinotop Beijing and SSF, it would be able to exercise its rights as a shareholder to effect changes in the board of directors of Sinotop Beijing or SSF, which in turn could effect changes at the management level, subject to any applicable fiduciary obligations. However, under the current contractual arrangements, the Company relies on Sinotop Beijing, SSF and their respective legal shareholders to perform their contractual obligations to exercise effective control. The Company also gives no assurance that PRC government authorities will not take a view in the future that is contrary to the opinion of the Company. If the current ownership structure of the Company and its contractual arrangements with the VIEs and their equity holders were found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, the Company's ability to conduct its business could be impacted and the Company may be required to restructure its ownership structure and operations in the PRC to comply with the changes in the PRC laws which may result in deconsolidation of the VIEs.

 

In addition, the telecommunications, information and media industries remain highly regulated. Restrictions are currently in place and are unclear with respect to which segments of these industries foreign owned entities, like YOD WFOE, may operate. The PRC government may issue from time to time new laws or new interpretations on existing laws to regulate areas such as telecommunications, information and media, some of which are not published on a timely basis or may have retroactive effect. For example, there is substantial uncertainty regarding the Draft Foreign Investment Law, including, among others, what the actual content of the law will be as well as the adoption and effective date of the final form of the law. Administrative and court proceedings in China may also be protracted, resulting in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. While such uncertainty exists, the Company cannot assure that the new laws, when it is adopted and becomes effective, and potential related administrative proceedings will not have a material and adverse effect on the Company's ability to control the affiliated entities through the contractual arrangements. Regulatory risk also encompasses the interpretation by the tax authorities of current tax laws, and the Company’s legal structure and scope of operations in the PRC, which could be subject to further restrictions resulting in limitations on the Company’s ability to conduct business in the PRC.

 

25

 

(b) Major Customers

 

The Company relies on agreements with distribution partners, including digital cable operators, IPTV operators, OTT streaming operators and mobile smartphone manufacturers and operators, during the course of its business. A distribution partner that individually generates more than 10% of the Company’s revenue is considered a major customer.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, three customers individually accounted for 31%, 16% and 13% of the Company’s revenue. Three customers individually accounted for 33%, 14% and 12% of the Company’s net accounts receivables as of September 30, 2016.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, three customers individually accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenue. Four customers individually accounted for 10% of the Company’s net accounts receivables as of September 30, 2015.

 

(c) Major Suppliers

 

The Company relies on agreements with studio content partners to acquire video contents. A content partner that accounts for more than 10% of the Company’s cost of revenues is considered a major supplier.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, four suppliers individually accounted for 30%, 24%, 20% and 13% of the Company’s cost of revenues. Two suppliers individually accounted for 85% and 15% of the Company’s accrued license content fees as of September 30, 2016.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, four suppliers individually accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s cost of revenues. One supplier individually accounted for 10% of the Company’s accounts payable as of September 30, 2015.

 

(d) Concentration of Credit Risks

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentration of credit risk primarily consist of cash and accounts receivable. As of September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company’s cash was held by financial institutions located in the PRC, Hong Kong and the United States that management believes have acceptable credit. Accounts receivable are typically unsecured and are mainly derived from revenues from the Company’s VOD content distribution partners. The risk with respect to accounts receivable is mitigated by regular credit evaluations that the Company performs on its distribution partners and its ongoing monitoring of outstanding balances.

 

(e) Foreign Currency Risks

 

A majority of the Company’s operating transactions are denominated in RMB and a significant portion of the Company’s assets and liabilities is denominated in RMB. RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currencies. The value of the RMB is subject to changes in the central government policies and to international economic and political developments. In the PRC, certain foreign exchange transactions are required by laws to be transacted only by authorized financial institutions at exchange rates set by the People’s Bank of China (“PBOC”). Remittances in currencies other than RMB by the Company in China must be processed through PBOC or other China foreign exchange regulatory bodies which require certain supporting documentation in order to complete the remittance.

 

Cash consist of cash on hand and demand deposits at banks, which are unrestricted as to withdrawal.

 

Demand deposits maintained at banks consist of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2016   2015 
RMB denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in the PRC  $485,582    1,076,430 
US dollar denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in the PRC  $1,454,874    2,613,834 
US dollar denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (“HK SAR”)  $765,611    23,460 
US dollar denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in The United States of America (“USA”)  $132,268    53,231 
US dollar denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in Cayman Islands (“Cayman”)  $157    99 
RMB restricted cash denominated bank deposits with financial institutions in the PRC  $-    2,994,364 

 

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 deposits of $236,826 and $241,807 were insured, respectively. To limit exposure to credit risk relating to bank deposits, the Company primarily places bank deposits only with large financial institutions in the PRC, HK SAR, USA and Cayman with acceptable credit rating.

 

18.Defined Contribution Plan

 

During 2011, the Company began sponsoring a 401(k) defined contribution plan ("401(k) Plan") that provides for a 100% employer matching contribution of the first 3% and a 50% employer matching contribution of each additional percent contributed by an employee up to 5% of each employee’s pay. Employees become fully vested in employer matching contributions after six months of employment. Company 401(k) matching contributions were approximately $1,000 and $3,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 respectively and $1,000 and $7,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 respectively.

 

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

This Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking” statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by the use of forward-looking words such as "may", "will", "expect", "anticipate", "estimate", "believe", "continue", or other similar words. You should read statements that contain these words carefully because they discuss our future expectations, contain projections of our future results of operations or financial condition or state other "forward-looking" information. We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to our investors. However, these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from the expectations that are expressed, implied or forecasted in any such forward-looking statements. There may be events in the future that we are unable to accurately predict or control, including weather conditions and other natural disasters which may affect demand for our products, and the product–development and marketing efforts of our competitors. Examples of these events are more fully described in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report under Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Unless required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. However, readers should carefully review the reports and documents the Company files from time to time with the SEC, particularly its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Annual Report on Form 10-K , Current Reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports.

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following management’s discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the notes thereto and the other financial information appearing elsewhere in this report. In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains certain forward-looking information. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements” above for certain information concerning those forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

Wecast Network is a premium Video On Demand (“VOD”) service provider with primary operations in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). Wecast Network, Inc. was incorporated in the State of Nevada on October 19, 2004. Wecast Network is leveraging and optimizing its current operations as a premium content Video On Demand service provider in China to evolve into a global, B2B2C, mobile-driven, consumer management platform for both enterprises and consumers.  By aiming to establish the world’s premier multimedia, social networking and e-commerce-enabled network with the largest global effective connected user base, Wecast Network, through this expanded, cloud-based, ecosystem of connected screens combined with strong partnerships with leading global providers, will be capable of delivering a vast array of Wecast Network–branded products and services to enterprise customers and end-use consumers - anytime and anywhere, across multiple platforms and devices.  

 

Wecast Network, through its subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities, provides enhanced premium content and integrated value-added service solutions for the delivery of VOD and paid video programming to digital cable providers, Internet Protocol Television (“IPTV”) providers, Over-the-Top (“OTT”) streaming providers, mobile manufacturers and operators, as well as direct to customers.

 

We launched our VOD service through the acquisition of YOD Hong Kong, formerly Sinotop Group Limited, on July 30, 2010. Through a series of contractual agreements, YOD WFOE, the subsidiary of YOD Hong Kong, controls Beijing Sino Top Scope Technology Co., Ltd. (“Sinotop Beijing”), a corporation established in the PRC. Sinotop Beijing is the 80% owner of Zhong Hai Shi Xun Media Co., Ltd. (“Zhong Hai Media”), though which we provide: 1) integrated value-added business-to-business (“B2B”) service solutions for the delivery of VOD and enhanced premium content for digital cable; 2) integrated value-added business-to-business-to-customer (“B2B2C”) service solutions for the delivery of enhanced premium content for IPTV and OTT providers and; 3) a direct to user, or B2C, mobile video service app. As a result of the contractual arrangements with Sinotop Beijing, we have the right to control management decisions and direct the economic activities that most significantly impact Sinotop Beijing and Zhong Hai Media, and accordingly, under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), we consolidate these operating entities in our consolidated financial statements.

 

27

 

Recent Development

 

On September 19, 2016, Wecast Network signed a non-binding term sheet with Sun Video Group HK Limited ("SVG") for the purchase of its 51% interest of M.Y. Products, LLC ("MYP"), a video commerce and supply chain management operator, in exchange for $50 million worth of Wecast Network common stock and $800,000 cash. SVG guarantees MYP will achieve $200 million cumulative top line revenue, within 12 months of closing. If MYP fails to meet the guarantee, then SVG shall forfeit back to the Company the Wecast Network common stock it received, on a pro-rata basis  of revenue achieved. The shares will be held in escrow until the guarantee is met. MYP is 51% owned by SVG, an affiliate of Wecast Network's Chairman, Bruno Wu, and SSS. As of September 30, 2016, the deal with MYP is contingent upon, among other things, a fairness opinion and third-party valuation.

 

Additionally, the Company changed its corporate name to Wecast Network, Inc. (“Wecast Network”), and the amendment for the name change has been filed with the state of Nevada and the change has become effective from November 11, 2016.

 

The purpose of changing the corporate name to Wecast Network, was to find a designation that could better encompass and further establish the Company’s unique identity in the industry and to more accurately represent the planned full portfolio of solutions and services that are in development and aimed at both a Chinese and global audience. This name change marks a new and expanded focus, and it underscores the Company’s firm commitment to offering innovative products and solutions that go well beyond the current offering. We are investing heavily in the future of our Company, as the Company’s industry requires an innovative approach and a fundamentally different way of operating. The Company’s transformation strategy is focused on understanding and capturing data on the Company’s consumer's desires and habits and leveraging business partner's technology and marketing to better monetize our Company’s world-class content in order to deliver personalized experiences to our Company’s contracted and addressable users and drive value for all of the stakeholders. The rebranding to Wecast Network represents the ecosystem our Company is trying to build, coupled with our Company’s intention to leverage the infrastructure and reach of some of our Company’s partners in order to execute on the Company’s strategy.

 

Alongside the corporate name change, the Company is launching the Wecast Supply Chain Management Platform ("WSCM") that will reside under the Video Commerce Division.  WSCM will be an innovative platform that will directly connect Chinese product manufacturers to a global market of big box retailers (via various technology platforms), thereby disrupting the existing hierarchical and multilayered model of distribution. MYP will be a cornerstone of WSCM.

 

Through this transaction, Wecast Network is gaining both a M2B or Manufacturer to Business, supply chain management operator as well as a M2C or Manufacturer to Consumer, video commerce operator, both of which will offer a full suite of pre-and post-sale services including administration, product management, logistics, financing, branding, licensing support and marketing for Chinese manufacturers exporting to the U.S.  MYP assists Chinese manufacturer's revenue and profitability by reducing exorbitant middlemen costs that exist today in the distribution chain and allowing some of those savings to be reapportioned to brand development and design.

 

Principal Factors Affecting Our Financial Performance

 

Our operating results are primarily affected by the following factors:

 

·Our ability to adapt our product and service offerings to meet consumer demands. Our expansion prospect is dependent on continued development of our product and services. The content distribution industry in China is highly competitive and dominated by large Internet companies that have more resources than us. The growth of our business will depend on whether we can develop new services and products that can offer higher quality contents, technological innovation and unique user experience.

 

·Our ability to expand our subscriber base. Our business is affected by the overall size of our user base, which in turn is determined by, among other factors, (i) user experience of our service and products, (ii) our relationship with distribution platforms, such as digital cable and IPTV providers and mobile product manufacturers, (iii) expansion of our business to include increased service offerings and (iv) the expansion of our subscribers beyond smartphones to mobile tablets and other Internet-enabled mobile devices.

 

·Our ability to achieve revenue growth and meet internal or external expectations of future performance. In the latter half of 2013, we shifted our focus to our core multi-platform video streaming services and our business model is still evolving. Our financial performance is affected by, among other things, our ability to come to favorable business terms with our distribution partners, manage and procure contents in a cost-effective manner and manage our operating expenses. Overall, our normalized operating expenses have been decreasing but we have also incurred certain additional costs related to our financing activities, maintaining our public company status and making staff reductions.

 

28

 

·Changes in China’s economic, political or social policies or conditions. We operate in China and derive all of our revenues from sales to customers in China. Accordingly, our business, financial condition and results of operation is significantly influenced by the political, social and economic policies and conditions in China. While the Chinese economy has experienced significant growth over the past decade, growth has been uneven, both geographically and among various sectors of the economy. In addition, the Chinese government continues to play a significant role in regulating telecommunication and Internet industry development by imposing certain laws and regulations concerning Internet access and distribution of video content and other information over traditional and new media platforms. Some of the laws and regulations are also relatively new and involving and their interpretation and enforcement involve significant uncertainty.

 

Taxation

 

United States

 

Wecast Network, Inc. is subject to United States tax. No provision for income taxes in the United States has been made as Wecast Network, Inc. had no income taxable in the United States since inception.

 

Cayman Islands

 

CB Cayman was incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands, it is not subject to income or capital gains tax. In addition, dividend payments are not subject to withholding tax in the Cayman Islands.

 

Hong Kong

 

Our subsidiary, YOD Hong Kong, was incorporated in Hong Kong and under the current laws of Hong Kong, is subject to Profits Tax of 16.5%. No provision for Hong Kong Profits Tax has been made as YOD Hong Kong has no taxable income.

 

The People’s Republic of China

 

Under the Enterprise Income Tax Law, our Chinese subsidiaries and VIEs are subject to an earned income tax of 25.0%.

 

Our future effective income tax rate depends on various factors, such as tax legislation, the geographic composition of our pre-tax income and non-tax deductible expenses incurred. Our management carefully monitors these legal developments to determine if there will be any change in the statutory income tax rate.

 

Consolidated Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015

 

   Three Months Ended      
   September 30, 2016  September 30, 2015  Amount Change  % Change
Revenue  $1,627,000   $476,000   $1,151,000    242%
Cost of revenue   894,000    900,000    (6,000)   -1%
Gross profit/(loss)   733,000    (424,000)   1,157,000    -273%
                     
Operating expense:                    
Selling, general and administrative expenses   2,320,000    1,832,000    488,000    27%
Professional fees   326,000    141,000    185,000    131%
Depreciation and amortization   124,000    99,000    25,000    25%
Impairment of long-lived assets   172,000    -    172,000    100%
Total operating expense   2,942,000    2,072,000    870,000    42%
                     
Loss from operations   (2,209,000)   (2,496,000)   287,000    -11%
                     
Interest and other income/(expense)                    
Interest expense, net   (25,000)   (31,000)   6,000    -19%
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   58,000    91,000    (33,000)   -36%
Equity in earning (loss) of equity method investees   17,000    (51,000)   68,000    -133%
Others   (3,000)   142,000    (145,000)   -102%
                     
Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interest   (2,162,000)   (2,345,000)   183,000    -8%
                     
Income tax benefit   9,000    9,000    -    - 
                     
Net loss   (2,153,000)   (2,336,000)   183,000    -8
                     
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest   106,000    249,000    (143,000)   -57%
                     
Net loss attributable to Wescast Network shareholders  $(2,047,000)  $ (2,087,000)  $ 40,000    -2%

 

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Revenues

 

Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was approximately $1,627,000, as compared to $476,000 for the same period in 2015 with increase of 242%. The revenue increase in the three months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily attributed to the revenue increase from our Cable platform, which comprised 78% of the total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2015 in which 38% was generated from our Cable revenue stream. In addition, our revenue is primarily derived from delivery of our licensed content, which spans across multiple platforms and distribution networks thereby causing some variability in the timing of our content delivery.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Cost of revenues was approximately $894,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016, as compared to $900,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Our cost of revenues is primarily comprised of content licensing fees.

 

Gross profit

 

Our gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was approximately $733,000 as compared to gross loss of $424,000 during the same period in 2015. Our gross margin percentage was 45% and -89% for the three month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The increase in gross profit of approximately $1,157,000 was primarily due to the increase of revenue recognized in the third quarter of this year, which was driven by certain significant minimum guarantee contracts signed and executed from Cable revenue stream, occurring alongside our current business transformation and expansion.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2016, increased approximately $488,000, to $2,320,000, as compared to $1,832,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2015.

 

Salaries and personnel costs are the primary components of selling, general and administrative expenses, accounting for 51% and 58% of our selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. For the third quarter of 2016, salaries and personnel costs totaled $1,193,000, an increase of approximately $131,000, or 12%, as compared to $1,062,000 for the same period of 2015. The increase was primarily attributed to the recent business transformation and expansion of the Company, which was demonstrated by establishment of the new technical department and approximately 20% headcount increase via recruitment during the second and third quarters.

 

The other major components of our selling, general and administrative expenses include marketing and promotion expenses, outsourced technology costs, rent and severance. For the three months ended September 30, 2016, these costs totaled $1,127,000, a net increase of approximately $356,000, or 46%, as compared to $771,000 for the same period in 2015. The increase was primarily attributed to the increase of bad debt expense and business travel by approximately $367,000 and $76,000, respectively, which was offset by decrease of marketing promotion expense and outsourcing R&D cost by approximately $115,000 and $45,000 respectively.

30

 

Professional fees

 

Professional fees are generally related to public company reporting and governance expenses. Our costs for professional fees increased approximately $185,000, or 131%, to $326,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016, from $141,000 for the same period in 2015. The increase in professional fees was related to legal, audit and advisory expenses, among which audit, legal and advisory expenses has increased by approximately $33,000, $66,000 and $86,000 respectively from the same period in 2015.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

Our depreciation and amortization expense increased by approximately $25,000, or 25%, to $124,000 in the three months ended September 30, 2016, from $99,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2015. The increase was mainly due to amortization of costs related to the workforce acquired on April 1, 2016.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

The loss from impairment of long-lived assets increased by approximately $172,000, or 100%, to $172,000 in the three months ended September 30, 2016, from nil during the three months ended September 30, 2015. The increase was caused by impairment made for mobile app development.

 

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

Certain of our warrants are recognized as derivative liabilities and re-measured at the end of every reporting period and upon settlement, with the change in value reported in the statement of operations. We reported a gain of approximately $58,000 and a gain of approximately $91,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The changes are primarily due to fluctuation in our closing stock price.

 

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

Hua Cheng has a 20% non-controlling interest in Zhong Hai Media and as such we allocate 20% of the operating loss of Zhong Hai Media to Hua Cheng. During the three months ended September 30, 2016, approximately $106,000 of our operating loss from Zhong Hai Media was allocated to Hua Cheng. For the three months ended September 30, 2015, operating loss attributable to non-controlling interest was approximately $249,000.

 

Comparison of Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015

 

   Nine Months Ended         
   September 30, 2016   September 30, 2015   Amount Change   % Change 
Revenue  $4,377,000   $2,984,000   $1,393,000    47%
Cost of revenue   2,610,000    2,772,000    (162,000)   -6%
Gross profit   1,767,000    212,000    1,555,000    733%
                     
Operating expense:                    
Selling, general and administrative expenses   6,294,000    5,940,000    354,000    6%
Professional fees   964,000    581,000    383,000    66%
Depreciation and amortization   345,000    283,000    62,000    22%
Impairment of long-lived assets   

172,000

    -    

172,000

    100%
 Total operating expense   7,775,000    6,804,000    971,000    14%
                     
Loss from operations   (6,008,000)   (6,592,000)   584,000    -9%
                     
Interest & other income/(expense)                    
Interest expense, net   (225,000)   (89,000)   (136,000)   153%
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   202,000    125,000    77,000    62%
Change in fair value of contingent consideration   -    -    -    - 
Equity in loss of equity method investees   (20,000)   (144,000)   124,000    -86%
Gain from disposal of consolidated entities   -    -    -    - 
Others   (9,000)   96,000    (105,000)   -109%
                     
Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interest   (6,060,000)   (6,604,000)   544,000    -8%
                     
Income tax benefit   26,000    26,000    -    - 
                     
Net loss   (6,034,000)   (6,578,000)   544,000    -8%
                     
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests   262,000    377,000    (115,000)   -31%
                     
Net loss attributable to Wecast Network shareholders  $(5,772,000)  $(6,201,000)  $429,000    -7%

 

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Revenues

 

Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was approximately $4,377,000, as compared to $2,984,000 for the same period in 2015. The increase in revenue of approximately $1,393,000 was primarily attributable to revenue increase of $1,094,000 from our Cable platform in the third quarter of 2016, which comprised 78% of the total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2015 in which 38% was generated from our Cable revenue stream. The other revenue increase was contributed by growth of our multi-platform video streaming services from the same period in 2015.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Cost of revenues was approximately $2,610,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, as compared to $2,772,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease of approximately $162,000, or 6%, was primarily due to delay in expected revenue from content titles which impacted our content license cost amortization pattern. Our cost of revenues is primarily comprised of content licensing fees.

  

Gross profit

 

Our gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was approximately $1,767,000, as compared to $212,000 gross profit during the same period in 2015. Our gross profit margin percentage was 40% and 7.1% for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The increase in gross profit of approximately $1,555,000 was primarily due to the increase of revenue in the third quarter of 2016, which was primarily driven by the execution of certain significant minimum guarantee contracts signed during the third quarter from Cable revenue stream, occurring alongside the current business transformation and expansion.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, increased approximately $354,000, to $6,294,000, as compared to $5,940,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

 

Salaries and personnel costs are the primary components of selling, general and administrative expenses, accounting for 48% and 51% of our selling, general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015. For the three quarters of 2016, salaries and personnel costs totaled $2,997,000, a decrease of approximately $23,000, or 1%, as compared to $3,020,000 for the same period of 2015. The decrease was primarily due to the decrease of compensation expense by $200,000 respectively, which was offset by the increase of payroll and welfare cost of other staff.

 

The other major components of our selling, general and administrative expenses include marketing and promoting, technology and severance expense. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, these costs totaled $3,297,000, a net increase of approximately $377,000, or 13%, as compared to $2,920,000 for the same period in 2015, primarily due to the increase of bad debt expense, severance payment and business travel expense by approximately $367,000, $298,000 and $109,000 respectively, which was offset by decrease of outsourcing R&D cost and advertising promotion costs by approximately $164,000 and $149,000 respectively.

 

Professional fees

 

Professional fees are generally related to public company reporting and governance expenses as well as legal fees related to expansion of our VOD business. Our costs for professional fees increased approximately $383,000, or 66%, to $964,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, from $581,000 for the same period in 2015. The increase in professional fees was related to legal, audit and advisory expenses, among which audit, legal and advisory expenses has increased by approximately $153,000, $103,000 and $127,000 respectively from the same period in 2015.

 

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Depreciation and amortization

 

Our depreciation and amortization expense increased by approximately $62,000, or 22%, to $345,000 in the nine months ended September 30, 2016, from $283,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. The increase was mainly due to amortization of costs related to workforce acquired on April 1, 2016.

 

Interest expense, net

 

Our interest expense increased by approximately $136,000 to $225,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, from $89,000 during the same period in 2015. Interest expense increase during 2016 was primarily comprised of 1) approximately $123,000 interest expense recorded related to the amortization of debt issuance costs related to the issuance of the $17.7 million convertible note to SSS, and 2) approximately $24,000 interest expenses accrued for the convertible note issued to SSS before its conversion on June 27, 2016.

 

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

Certain of our warrants are recognized as derivative liabilities and re-measured at the end of every reporting period and upon settlement, with the change in value reported in the statement of operations. We reported a gain of approximately $202,000 and a gain of approximately $125,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The changes are primarily due to fluctuation in our closing stock price.

 

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

Hua Cheng has a 20% non-controlling interest in Zhong Hai Media and as such we allocate 20% of the operating loss of Zhong Hai Media to Hua Cheng. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, approximately $262,000 of our operating loss from Zhong Hai Media was allocated to Hua Cheng. For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, operating loss attributable to non-controlling interest was approximately $377,000.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of September 30, 2016, the Company had cash of approximately $2,839,000 and positive working capital of approximately $1,381,000. In addition, we had accumulated deficits of approximately $92.2 million and $84.6 million as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, due to recurring losses since our inception. We entered into an investment agreement, the total of which require aggregate cash commitments from us of approximately RMB 5.0 million to invest in the Joint-Venture Company to be formed with Megtron Hong Kong Investment Group Co., Limited per the Joint Venture Agreement signed on May 30, 2016. The first installment of RMB 1.0 million was paid on October 10, 2016. These factors could raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

  

We continue to rely on debt and equity financing to pay for ongoing operating expenses and execution of our business plan. On March 28, 2016, we completed a common stock financing for $10.0 million. On July 19, 2016, we completed a stock financing with SSW for $4.0 million. On August 12, 2016, we completed another common stock financing with Harvest Alternative investment opportunities SPC (“Harvest”) for $4.0 million. We have the ability to raise funds through various methods by either issuing debt or equity instruments.

 

The consolidated financial statements included in this report have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and, accordingly, do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

The following table provides a summary of our net cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities.

 

   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2016   2015 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(7,945,000)  $(6,217,000)
Net cash used in investing activities   (10,632,000)   (81,000)
Net cash provided by financing activities   17,705,000    - 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   (58,000)   (157,000)
Net decrease in cash   (930,000)   (6,455,000)
           
Cash at beginning of period   3,769,000    10,812,000 
           
Cash at end of period  $2,839,000   $4,357,000 

 

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Operating Activities

 

Cash used in operating activities increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to 2015, primarily caused by decrease in collection from accounts receivable and increase in payments made for license content fees, accrued expenses and other liabilities, which was partially offset by decrease in payments for accounts payable and decrease in net loss during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

 

Investing Activities

 

Cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 is comprised of 1) acquisition of property and equipment at $3.1 million and acquisition of leasehold improvements at $0.5 million respectively mainly for an office building; 2) investments in intangible assets at $2.8 million primarily for the Game IP Rights acquired from SSS; and 3) investment in Frequency at $3.0 million and capital increase of $0.6 million in Topsgame; and 4) Deposit for investment in MYP of $0.65 million.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was from 1) investment proceeds of $10.0 million received from the sales of 4,545,455 shares of the Company’s common stock, issuance of a two-year warrant to acquire an additional 1,818,182 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.75 per share to SSS; 2) investment proceeds of $4.0 million received from the sales of 2,272,727 shares of the Company’s common stock to SSW; 3) investment proceeds of $4 million received from the sales of 2,272,727 shares of the Company’s common stock to Harvest; and 4) approximately $295,000 issuance cost has been paid out.

 

Effects of Inflation

 

Inflation and changing prices have had an effect on our business and we expect that inflation or changing prices could materially affect our business in the foreseeable future. Our management will closely monitor the price change and make efforts to maintain effective cost control in operations.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity or capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to an investor in our securities.

 

Seasonality

 

Our operating results and operating cash flows historically have not been subject to seasonal variations. This pattern may change, however, as a result of new market opportunities or new product introductions.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates, and judgments that affect the amounts reported, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. We have identified certain accounting policies that are significant to the preparation of our financial statements. These accounting policies are important for an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. Critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require management’s difficult, subjective, or complex judgment, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. Certain accounting estimates are particularly sensitive because of their significance to financial statements and because of the possibility that future events affecting the estimate may differ significantly from management’s current judgments. We believe the following critical accounting policies involve the most significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of our financial statements.

 

Variable Interest Entities

 

We account for entities qualifying as variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Boards (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810, Consolidation. For our consolidated VIEs, management has made evaluations of the relationships between our VIEs and the economic benefit flow of contractual arrangement with VIEs. In connection with such evaluation, management also took into account the fact that, as a result of such contractual arrangements, we control the legal shareholders’ voting interests and have power of attorney in the VIEs, and therefore we are able to direct all business activities of the VIEs. As a result of such evaluation, management concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of our consolidated VIEs.

 

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We have consulted our PRC legal counsel in assessing our ability to control our PRC VIEs. Any changes in PRC laws and regulations that affect our ability to control our PRC VIEs may preclude us from consolidating these companies in the future.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

When persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured, we recognize revenue as services are performed. For certain contracts that involve sub-licensing content within the specified license period, revenue is recognized in accordance with ASC Subtopic 926-605, Entertainment-Films - Revenue Recognition, whereby revenue is recognized upon delivery of films when the arrangement includes a nonrefundable minimum guarantee, delivery is complete and we have no substantive future obligations to provide future additional services. Payments received from customers for the performance of future services are recognized as deferred revenue, and subsequently recognized as revenue in the period that the service obligations are completed.

 

In accordance with ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition – Multiple Element Arrangements, contracts with multiple element deliverables are separated into individual units for accounting purposes when the unit determined to have standalone value to the customer. Since the contract price is for all deliverables, we allocated the arrangement consideration to all deliverables at the inception of the arrangement based on their relative selling price. We use (a) vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price, if it exists, or, (b) the management’s best estimate of the selling price for that deliverable to determine the relative selling price of each individual unit.

 

The recognition of revenue involves certain judgments and changes in our assumptions, judgments or estimations may have a material impact on the amount and timing of our revenue recognition.

 

Licensed Content

 

We obtain content through content licensing agreements with studios and distributors. We recognize licensed content when the license fee and the specified content titles are known or reasonably determinable. Prepaid license fees are classified as an asset on the consolidated balance sheets as licensed content and accrued license content fees payable are classified as a liability on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

We amortize licensed content in cost of revenues over the contents contractual window of availability based on the expected revenue derived from the licensed content, beginning with the month of first availability, such that our revenues bear a representative amount of the cost of the licensed content. We review factors that impact the amortization of licensed content on a regular basis, including factors that may bear direct impact on expected revenue from specific content titles. We estimate expected revenue by reviewing relevant factors, including marketing considerations, programming efforts, relationship with our channel partners, expected customer renewals and content offered by other distributors on the same platform. Changes in our expected revenue from licensed content could have a significant impact on our amortization pattern.

 

Intangible Assets and Goodwill

 

We account for intangible assets and goodwill, in accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. ASC 350 requires that goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives no longer be amortized, but instead be evaluated for impairment at least annually. ASC 350 also requires that intangible assets with estimable useful lives be amortized over their respective estimated useful lives and reviewed for impairment whenever events indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. In accordance with ASC 350, goodwill is allocated to reporting units, which are either the operating segment or one reporting level below the operating segment. On an annual basis, we review goodwill for impairment by first assessing qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances makes it more-likely-than-not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If we determine that it is more-likely-than-not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, goodwill is further tested for impairment by comparing the carrying value to the estimated fair value of its reporting units, determined using externally quoted prices (if available) or a discounted cash flow model and, when deemed necessary, a market approach.

 

Application of goodwill impairment tests requires significant management judgment, including the identification of reporting units, assigning assets, liabilities and goodwill to reporting units and determination of fair value of each reporting unit. Judgment applied when performing the qualitative analysis includes consideration of macroeconomic, industry and market conditions, overall financial performance of the reporting unit, composition, personnel or strategy changes affecting the reporting unit and recoverability of asset groups within a reporting unit. Judgments applied when performing the quantitative analysis includes estimating future cash flows, determining appropriate discount rates and making other assumptions. Changes in these judgments, estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value for each reporting unit.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB) issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606). This guidance supersedes current guidance on revenue recognition in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. In addition, there are disclosure requirements related to the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue recognition. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14 to defer the effective date of ASU No. 2014-09 for all entities by one year. For public business entities that follow U.S. GAAP, the deferral results in the new revenue standard are being effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Management is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities". ASU 2016-01 amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure for financial instruments. With respect to our consolidated financial statements, the most significant impact relates to the recognition and measurement for warrant liabilities. Additionally, ASU 2016-01 will impact the disclosure and presentation of financial assets and liabilities. ASU 2016-01 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption by public entities is permitted only for certain provisions. Management is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02 (ASU 2016-02) which amends the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and created Topic 842, "Leases". Under Topic 842, lessees are required to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for most leases and provides for enhanced disclosures. Leases will continue to be classified as either finance or operating. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2018. Entities are required to use a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. Full retrospective application is prohibited and early adoption by public entities is permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In March, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which relates to the accounting for employee share-based payments. This standard addresses several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including: (a) income tax consequences; (b) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (c) classification on the statement of cash flows. This standard will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Management is currently evaluating the impact of this amendment on our financial position, statement of operations or cash flow.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to ensure that information that would be required to be disclosed in Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time period specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer , as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2016. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of September 30, 2016, and as of the date that the evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures was completed, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to satisfy the objectives for which they are intended.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

The Board appointed Ms. Mei Chen as the Company's Chief Financial Officer effective from April 1, 2016. The Board believes it is in the best interest of the Company and its stockholders to appoint Ms. Chen as the Company's principal financial officer and principal accounting officer, serving an essential role in the financial reporting process of the Company.

 

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On April 11, 2016, the Board accepted Mr. Arthur Wang's resignation as Audit Committee chair and appointed James Cassano as the new chair. The Board also approved Jin Shi and Jerry Fan to serve as new members of the Audit Committee. The Board has reviewed the relationship of each Audit Committee member with the Company in accordance with the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules. Based on the review, the Board believes that each of the Audit Committee Member meets the requirements of NASDAQ Rules under the Exchange Act for independence with respect to audit committees of boards of directors.

 

Other than the changes stated above, there have been no other significant changes in internal control for the three quarters ended September 30, 2016, which have materially affected or would likely materially affect our internal control over financial reporting. The Company continues to invest resources in order to upgrade internal controls.

 

 

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

There are no material pending legal proceedings to which we are a party or to which any of our property is subject. To the best of our knowledge, no such actions against us are contemplated or threatened.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our 2015 Annual Report which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K is not the only risks facing our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2016.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

There were no defaults upon senior securities during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2016.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

Not applicable.

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit   
No.  Description
31.1   Certifications of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*  
31.2   Certifications of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*  
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*Filed herewith

**Furnished herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized on November 14, 2016.

 

Wecast Network, Inc.  
   
By: /s/ Mei Chen  
Name: Mei Chen  
Title: Chief Financial Officer  
(Principal Financial Officer and an Authorized Officer)  

 

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