10-Q 1 mflx-10q_20150331.htm 10-Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015

OR

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 000-50812

 

MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

95-3947402

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

8659 Research Drive

Irvine, CA 92618

(Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)

(949) 453-6800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

¨

  

Accelerated filer

 

x

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, as of April 30, 2015 was 24,346,050.

 

 

 

 

 


Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc.

Index

 

 

 

 

 


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In Thousands, Except Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

ASSETS

March 31, 2015

 

 

December 31, 2014

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

155,393

 

 

$

132,382

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $2,642 and $3,126

   at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

87,895

 

 

 

133,151

 

Inventories

 

50,399

 

 

 

65,627

 

Deferred taxes

 

514

 

 

 

514

 

Income tax receivable

 

265

 

 

 

265

 

Assets held for sale

 

6,130

 

 

 

11,387

 

Other current assets

 

4,012

 

 

 

7,034

 

Total current assets

 

304,608

 

 

 

350,360

 

Property plant and equipment, net

 

152,905

 

 

 

164,345

 

Land use rights

 

3,060

 

 

 

3,108

 

Deferred taxes

 

9,145

 

 

 

9,120

 

Other assets

 

538

 

 

 

454

 

Total assets

$

470,256

 

 

$

527,387

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

98,176

 

 

$

143,032

 

Other current liabilities

 

22,752

 

 

 

42,697

 

Income taxes payable

 

1,940

 

 

 

2,020

 

Total current liabilities

 

122,868

 

 

 

187,749

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

9,677

 

 

 

11,178

 

Total liabilities

 

132,545

 

 

 

198,927

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 5,000,000 and 5,000,000

   shares authorized at March 31, 2015 and December 31,

   2014, respectively; 0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding

   at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

 —

 

 

 

 —

 

Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 and

   100,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2015 and

   December 31, 2014, respectively; 24,345,523 and

   24,303,267 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and

   December 31, 2014, respectively

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

Additional paid in capital

 

95,536

 

 

 

94,394

 

Retained earnings

 

193,195

 

 

 

184,099

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

48,978

 

 

 

49,965

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

337,711

 

 

 

328,460

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

470,256

 

 

$

527,387

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

1


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Net sales

$

149,099

 

 

$

117,793

 

Cost of sales

 

130,060

 

 

 

130,765

 

Gross profit (loss)

 

19,039

 

 

 

(12,972

)

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

1,374

 

 

 

1,496

 

Sales and marketing

 

3,967

 

 

 

4,353

 

General and administrative

 

5,492

 

 

 

3,634

 

Impairment and restructuring

 

(1,180

)

 

 

24,798

 

Total operating expenses

 

9,653

 

 

 

34,281

 

Operating income (loss)

 

9,386

 

 

 

(47,253

)

Other income and expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

354

 

 

 

246

 

Interest expense

 

(91

)

 

 

(217

)

Other income (expense), net

 

938

 

 

 

116

 

Income (loss) before taxes

 

10,587

 

 

 

(47,108

)

Provision for income taxes

 

(1,491

)

 

 

(5,308

)

Net income (loss)

 

9,096

 

 

 

(52,416

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(987

)

 

 

(2,310

)

Total comprehensive net income (loss)

$

8,109

 

 

$

(54,726

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.37

 

 

$

(2.18

)

Diluted

$

0.36

 

 

$

(2.18

)

Shares used in computing net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

24,318,019

 

 

 

24,090,754

 

Diluted

 

25,100,781

 

 

 

24,090,754

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

2


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In Thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

Cash flows from operating activities

2015

 

 

2014

 

Net income (loss)

$

9,096

 

 

$

(52,416

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash

   provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

11,474

 

 

 

13,687

 

Deferred taxes

 

(25

)

 

 

4,928

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

1,220

 

 

 

954

 

Asset (recoveries) impairments

 

(284

)

 

 

11,549

 

Gain on disposal of equipment and assets held for sale

 

(1,096

)

 

 

(525

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

45,230

 

 

 

71,768

 

Inventories

 

14,370

 

 

 

20,780

 

Other current assets

 

2,940

 

 

 

1,130

 

Other assets

 

(67

)

 

 

404

 

Accounts payable

 

(41,164

)

 

 

(61,651

)

Accrued liabilities

 

(19,953

)

 

 

3,475

 

Income taxes payable

 

(83

)

 

 

(934

)

Other liabilities

 

(1,487

)

 

 

1,701

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

20,171

 

 

 

14,850

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(3,890

)

 

 

(3,847

)

Proceeds from sale of equipment and assets held for sale

 

6,719

 

 

 

1,482

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

2,829

 

 

 

(2,365

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax withholdings for net share settlement of equity awards

 

(78

)

 

 

 —

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 —

 

 

 

28

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(78

)

 

 

28

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

89

 

 

 

162

 

Net increase in cash

 

23,011

 

 

 

12,675

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

132,382

 

 

 

111,887

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

155,393

 

 

$

124,562

 

Non-cash investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

$

1,331

 

 

$

603

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

3


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

1. Description of Business

Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc. (“MFLEX” or the “Company”) was incorporated in 1984 in the State of California and reincorporated in the State of Delaware in June 2004. The Company is primarily engaged in the engineering, design and manufacture of flexible printed circuit boards along with related component assemblies.

United Engineers Limited (“UEL”) and its wholly owned subsidiary, UE Centennial Venture Pte. Ltd (“UECV”, and together with UEL, “UE”), through its affiliates and subsidiaries, beneficially owned approximately 61% of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of each of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. This beneficial ownership of the Company’s common stock by UE provides these entities with control over the outcome of stockholder votes at the Company, except with respect to certain related-party transactions with UE or its subsidiaries, including WBL Corporation Limited (“WBL”), which require a separate vote of the non-UE stockholders.

 

2. Basis of Presentation

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company has three wholly owned subsidiaries located in China: MFLEX Suzhou Co., Ltd., (“MFC”) , formerly known as Multi-Fineline Electronix (Suzhou No. 2) Co., Ltd. (“MFC2”) and into which Multi-Fineline Electronix (Suzhou) Co., Ltd (“MFC1” which we are in the process of de-registering) was merged in fiscal 2010, and MFLEX Chengdu Co., Ltd. (“MFLEX Chengdu”); one located in the Cayman Islands: M-Flex Cayman Islands, Inc. (“MFCI”); one located in Singapore: Multi-Fineline Electronix Singapore Pte. Ltd. (“MFLEX Singapore”); one located in Malaysia: Multi-Fineline Electronix Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. (“MFM”); one located in Cambridge, England: MFLEX UK Limited (“MFE”); one located in Korea: MFLEX Korea, Ltd. (“MKR”); and one located in the Netherlands: MFLEX B.V. (“MNE”). All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Transition Report on Form 10-K for the transition period from October 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014 filed with the SEC on February 13, 2015 (the “Transition Report”). The financial information presented in the accompanying statements reflects all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the periods indicated. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015. Unless otherwise indicated, the financial information in these notes is presented in thousands (except per share amounts).

Fair Value Measurements

The carrying amounts of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximated fair value due to their short maturities. For recognition purposes, on a recurring basis, the Company’s assets and liabilities related to money market funds are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period. The fair value of the Company’s money market funds were measured using Level 1 fair value inputs, which consisted of quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

 

The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis subject to the disclosure requirements as defined under the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) authoritative accounting guidance were as follows:

 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Assets and Liabilities

on a Recurring Basis as of

March 31, 2015

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Money market funds (cash and cash equivalents)

$

19,649

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

19,649

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

4


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Assets and Liabilities

on a Recurring Basis as of

December 31, 2014

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Money market funds (cash and cash equivalents)

$

18,208

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

18,208

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

As of March 31, 2015, assets held for sale were measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. The fair value of the assets was determined using Level 3 unobservable inputs not corroborated by market data, consisting of third-party offers for the building and equipment. Below is a summary of the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014:

 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Assets 
on a Non-Recurring Basis as of
March 31, 2015

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Building and equipment (assets held for sale)

$             —  

$              —  

$               6,130

 

 

 

 

 

$             —  

$              —  

$               6,130

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Assets

on a Non-Recurring Basis as of

December 31, 2014

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Building and equipment (assets held for sale)

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

11,387

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

11,387

 

 

Inventories

Inventories, net of applicable write-downs, were composed of the following:

 

 

March 31,

2015

 

 

December 31,

2014

 

Raw materials and supplies

$

14,389

 

 

$

19,268

 

Work-in-progress

 

16,804

 

 

 

15,713

 

Finished goods

 

19,206

 

 

 

30,646

 

 

$

50,399

 

 

$

65,627

 

 

5


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment, net, were composed of the following:

 

 

March 31,

2015

 

 

December 31,

2014

 

Building

$

50,259

 

 

$

50,450

 

Machinery and equipment

 

333,375

 

 

 

334,539

 

Computers and capitalized software

 

13,568

 

 

 

13,328

 

Leasehold improvements

 

1,290

 

 

 

1,290

 

Construction-in-progress

 

172

 

 

 

598

 

 

$

398,664

 

 

$

400,205

 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(245,759

)

 

 

(235,860

)

 

$

152,905

 

 

$

164,345

 

 

Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities were composed of the following:

 

March 31,

2015

 

 

December 31,

2014

 

Wages and compensation

$

10,578

 

 

$

13,855

 

Restructuring expenses¹

 

4,038

 

 

 

5,710

 

Current portion of liabilities on uncertain tax positions

 

 —  

 

 

 

12,524

 

Other accrued expenses

 

8,136

 

 

 

10,608

 

 

$

22,752

 

 

$

42,697

 

1 

Refer to Note 7 for further information on the Company’s impairment and restructuring activities during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Product Warranty Accrual

Changes in the product warranty accrual for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:

 

 

Balance at

January 1

 

 

Warranty

Expenditures

 

 

Provision for

Estimated

Warranty Cost

 

 

Balance at

March 31

 

2015

$

1,013

 

 

$

(464

)

 

$

256

 

 

$

805

 

2014

$

1,452

 

 

$

(1,234

)

 

$

1,596

 

 

$

1,814

 

 

6


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

Net Income Per Share—Basic and Diluted

The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted shares for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Basic weighted-average number of common shares outstanding

 

24,318,019

 

 

 

24,090,754

 

Dilutive effect of potential common shares

 

782,762

 

 

 

 —  

 

Diluted weighted-average number of common and potential

   common shares outstanding

 

25,100,781

 

 

 

24,090,754

 

Potential common shares excluded from the per share

   computations as the effect of their inclusion would not

   be dilutive

 

637,105

 

 

 

934,394

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

The Company is involved in litigation from time to time in the ordinary course of business. Management does not believe the outcome of any currently pending matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Other Commitments

The Company has outstanding purchase and other commitments, which exclude amounts already recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The outstanding purchase commitments to acquire capital assets and other materials and services totaled $10,499 and $8,791 as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

Pursuant to the laws applicable to the People’s Republic of China’s Foreign Investment Enterprises, the Company’s two wholly owned subsidiaries in China, MFC and MFLEX Chengdu, are restricted from paying cash dividends on 10% of after-tax statutory profit, subject to certain cumulative limits. These restrictions as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were $20,094 and $20,170, respectively.

Significant Concentrations

 

The Company’s net sales into its largest industry sectors, as a percentage of total net sales, are presented below:

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Smartphones

 

75

%

 

 

74

%

Tablets

 

15

%

 

 

11

%

 


7


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

3. Lines of Credit

During August 2014, the Company, as guarantor, and MFLEX Singapore, as borrower, entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with certain financial institutions, as lenders, and Bank of America, N.A. (“BA”), as agent, providing for a senior revolving credit facility in an amount up to $30,000. The credit facility has a three-year term, and availability under the credit facility is calculated based on a formula which takes into account multiple factors, including the accounts receivable of borrower, the geographic location of borrower’s customer, and whether the customer’s receivable is insured by a third party. Amounts outstanding will bear interest at either: (1) a rate equal to LIBOR or SIBOR, plus an applicable margin, which ranges from 125 to 275 basis points, or (2) a defined base rate plus an applicable margin ranging from 75 to 275 basis points. In either case, the applicable margin is based on the fixed charge coverage ratio of the Company and its subsidiaries, measured on a consolidated basis.

During July 2013, MFC entered into a Line of General Credit Agreement (the “MFC Credit Line”) with Agricultural Bank of China, Suzhou Wuzhong Sub-branch (“ABC”), providing for a line of credit to MFC in an amount of 200,000 Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”) ($32,562 at March 31, 2015). The MFC Credit Line will mature on July 30, 2016.

During May 2013, MFC entered into a Line of Credit Agreement (the “CCB Credit Line”) with China Construction Bank, Suzhou Industry Park Sub-Branch (“CCB”), which provides for a borrowing facility for 300,000 RMB ($48,842 at March 31, 2015). The CCB Credit Line will mature on May 5, 2016.

A summary of the lines of credit is as follows:

 

 

Amounts Available at

 

 

Amounts Outstanding at

 

 

March 31,

2015

 

 

December 31,

2014

 

 

March 31,

2015

 

 

December 31,

2014

 

Line of credit (BA)

$

30,000

 

 

$

30,000

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

Line of credit (ABC)

 

32,562

 

 

 

32,685

 

 

 

 —  

 

 

 

 —  

 

Line of credit (CCB)

 

48,842

 

 

 

49,028

 

 

 

 —  

 

 

 

 —  

 

 

$

111,404

 

 

$

111,713

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

$

 —  

 

 

As of March 31, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all applicable financial covenants.

4. Segment Information

Based on the evaluation of the Company’s internal financial information, management believes that the Company operates in one reportable segment under one reporting unit. The Company is primarily engaged in the engineering, design and manufacture of flexible circuit boards along with related component assemblies. For the periods presented, the Company operated in four geographical areas: United States, China, Singapore and Other (which includes Malaysia, Korea and the United Kingdom). Net sales are presented based on the country in which the sales originate, which is where the legal entity is domiciled. The financial results of the Company’s geographic segments are presented on a basis consistent with the condensed consolidated financial statements. The geographic area’s net sales amounts include intra-company product sales transactions, which are offset in the elimination line.

Net sales by geographic segment is as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Net sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

$

3,237

 

 

$

3,519

 

China

 

123,836

 

 

 

110,559

 

Singapore

 

141,889

 

 

 

94,239

 

Other

 

517

 

 

 

3,244

 

Eliminations

 

(120,380

)

 

 

(93,768

)

Total

$

149,099

 

 

$

117,793

 

8


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

5. Stock-Based Compensation

2014 Equity Incentive Plan

At the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders on March 5, 2014, the stockholders approved the Company’s 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”). Upon stockholder approval of the 2014 Plan, the Company’s 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated to date (the “2004 Plan”) was terminated.

Restricted Stock Units

From time to time, the Company grants service-based restricted stock units (“RSUs”) under the 2014 Plan to certain employees (including executive officers) and directors at no cost to such individual. Each RSU represents one hypothetical share of the Company’s common stock, without voting or dividend rights. The RSUs granted to employees generally vest over a period of three years with one-third vesting on each of the anniversary dates of the grant date. Total compensation cost related to RSUs is determined based on the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and is amortized into expense over the vesting period using the straight-line method.

RSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2015 is summarized as follows:

 

 

Number of

Shares

 

 

Weighted

-Average

Grant-Date

Fair Value

 

Non-vested shares outstanding at December 31, 2014

 

1,568,365

 

 

$

9.43

 

Granted

 

24,780

 

 

 

19.82

 

Vested

 

(39,616

)

 

 

13.81

 

Canceled

 

(16,200

)

 

 

11.00

 

Non-vested shares outstanding at March 31, 2015

 

1,537,329

 

 

$

9.47

 

 

RSU details for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are summarized as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Service-based RSUs granted

 

24,780

 

 

 

49,116

 

Compensation cost recognized

$

1,220

 

 

$

954

 

Weighted-average grant-date fair value of non-vested RSUs granted

$

19.82

 

 

$

13.89

 

Weighted-average grant-date fair value of RSUs vested

$

13.81

 

 

$

13.57

 

Aggregate intrinsic value of RSUs vested

$

752

 

 

$

25

 

 

Unearned compensation as of March 31, 2015 was $8,889 related to non-vested RSUs, which will be recognized into expense over the weighted-average remaining contractual life of the non-vested RSUs of 2.2 years.

 

9


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense Summary

The following table shows a summary of the stock-based compensation expense by expense type included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Cost of sales

$

103

 

 

$

62

 

Research and development

 

101

 

 

 

108

 

Sales and marketing

 

163

 

 

 

149

 

General and administrative

 

853

 

 

 

635

 

Total

$

1,220

 

 

$

954

 

 

 

6. Income Taxes

As of March 31, 2015, the Company recorded a liability for income taxes associated with uncertain tax positions of $15,564, of which $6,965, if recognized, would favorably affect the Company’s effective tax rate. As of December 31, 2014, the total liability for income taxes associated with uncertain tax positions was $26,109, of which $17,510, if recognized, would favorably affect the Company’s effective tax rate. The decrease in liability was due to the settlement with the Chinese tax authority on its audit of MFC and MFC1 for tax years 2005 through 2011. The Company anticipates that there will be changes to the unrecognized tax benefit associated with uncertain tax positions due to the expiration of statutes of limitation, payment of tax on amended returns, audit settlements and other changes in reserves. However, due to the uncertainty regarding the timing of these events, other than the statute of limitation expiration, a current estimate of the range of changes that may occur within the next 12 months cannot be made.

The Chinese tax authority is currently auditing the income tax returns of MCH for tax years 2011 through 2014. The Chinese tax authority raised questions related to transfer pricing on tangible goods sold by the Company to related parties. The questions primarily related to the transfer pricing methodology and the selection of comparable companies. Discussions with the Chinese tax authority surrounding this issue are ongoing. Management believes that an adequate provision has been made related to this audit.

The outcome of these tax audits cannot be predicted with certainty. If any issues raised in the Company’s tax audits are resolved in a manner not consistent with management’s expectations, then the Company could be required to adjust its provision for income tax in the period such resolution occurs. Any significant adjustments from the tax authorities could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows and financial position if not resolved favorably.

                   

10


MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

(unaudited)

 

 

7. Impairment and Restructuring

The Company recorded the following impairment and restructuring activities during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 2015

 

 

2014

Asset (recoveries) impairments

$

(284)

 

$

11,549

Gain on sale of a satellite facility

 

(1,101)

 

 

One-time termination benefits

 

13

 

 

8,664

Other costs

 

192

 

 

4,585

Impairment and restructuring

$

(1,180)

 

$

24,798

Assets Held For Sale

During the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company completed the sale of one of its satellite facilities in Suzhou, China, which resulted in a gain of $1,101. In addition, the Company recorded impairment recoveries of $(284) upon completing the sale of certain machinery and equipment previously classified as assets held for sale. As of March 31, 2015, the Company’s assets held for sale included a manufacturing facility in Chengdu, China, which is reflected in the financial statements at its estimated fair value less costs of disposal.

Assets Held and Used

During the three months ended March 31, 2015, given the continued operating profits, the Company noted no triggering events or indicators that the carrying value of its assets held and used are not recoverable.

Restructuring Reserve Activity

The following table reflects the movement activity of the restructuring reserve for the three months ended March 31, 2015:

 

 

 

One-Time Termination Benefits

 

 

 

Contract Termination Costs

 

 

 

Other Costs

 

 

 

Total Accrued Restructuring

 

Accrued at December 31, 2014

$

542

 

 

$

(3)

 

 

$

5,171

 

 

$

5,710

 

Restructuring additions

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

192

 

 

 

205

 

Adjustment/foreign exchange effect

 

(108)

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(264)

 

 

 

(309)

 

Amount paid

 

(192)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,316)

 

 

 

(1,508)

 

Accrued at March 31, 2015

$

255

 

 

$

 

 

$

3,783

 

 

$

4,038

 

 

 

 

 

11


 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements and predictions as to our expectations regarding our revenues, sales, sales growth, net income and losses, inventory levels, production build plans, restructuring and reorganization efforts and related charges, operating expenses, research and development expenses, earnings, operations, gross margins, including without limitation, our targeted gross margin range, achievement of margins within or outside of such range and factors that could affect gross margins, yields, anticipated cash needs and uses of cash, credit lines, including compliance with covenants and usage of such lines, capital requirements and capital expenditures, payment terms, expected tax rates, results of audits of us in China and the United States, needs for additional financing, use of working capital, the benefits and risks of our China operations, the impact of environmental regulations, anticipated growth strategies, ability to attract customers and diversify our customer base, our sources of net sales, anticipated trends and challenges in our business and the markets in which we operate, trends regarding the use of flex and assemblies in smartphones, tablets and other consumer electronic devices, the adequacy of our facilities, capability, capacity and equipment, the impact of economic and industry conditions on our customers and our business, current and upcoming programs and product mix and the learning curves associated with our programs, market opportunities, customer demand, our competitive position, labor issues in the jurisdictions in which we operate, the commercial success of our customers and their products, critical accounting policies and the impact of recent accounting pronouncements. Additional forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements pertaining to other financial items, plans, strategies or objectives of management for future operations, our financial condition or prospects, and any other statement that is not historical fact, including any statement which is preceded by the word “may,” “might,” “will,” “intend,” “should,” “could,” “can,” “would,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “predict,” “aim,” “potential,” “plan,” or similar words. For all of the foregoing forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual events or results may differ materially from our expectations. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those stated or implied by our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, our ability to maintain the cost savings realized by our recent restructuring, the impact of changes in demand for our products, our success with new and current customers, our ability to be competitive in terms of price, technology, capability and manufacturing, our ability to maintain or grow our market share, our ability to diversify our customer base, the success of our customers and their products in the marketplace, our effectiveness in managing manufacturing processes, inventory levels and costs of our operations, the degree to which we are able to utilize available manufacturing capacity, achieve expected yields and obtain expected gross margins, the impact of competition, the economy and technological advances, and the other risks set forth below under “Part II, Item 1A – Risk Factors.” These forward-looking statements represent our judgment as of the date hereof. We disclaim any intent or obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

Overview

We are a global provider of high-quality, technologically advanced flexible printed circuits and value-added component assembly solutions to the electronics industry. We believe that we are one of a limited number of manufacturers that provide a seamless, integrated flexible printed circuit and assembly solution from design and application engineering and prototyping through high-volume fabrication, component assembly and testing. We target our solutions within the electronics market and, in particular, our solutions enable our customers to achieve a desired size, shape, weight or functionality of the device. Current examples of applications for our products include smartphones, tablets, computer/data storage, portable bar code scanners, personal computers, wearables, and other consumer electronic devices. We provide our solutions to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) such as Apple, Inc. and to electronic manufacturing services (“EMS”) providers such as Foxconn Electronics, Inc., Protek (Shanghai) Limited and Flextronics International Ltd. Our business model, and the way we approach the markets which we serve, is based on value added engineering and providing technology solutions to our customers facilitating the miniaturization of portable electronics. We currently rely on a core mobility end-market for nearly all of our revenue. We believe this dynamic market offers fewer, but larger, opportunities than other electronic markets do, and changes in market leadership can occur with little to no warning. Through early supplier involvement with customers, we look to assist in the development of new designs and processes for the manufacturing of their products and, through value added component assembly of components on flex, seek to provide a higher level of product within their supply chain structure. This approach may or may not always fit with the operating practices of all OEMs. Our ability to add to our customer base may have a direct impact on the relative percentage of each customer’s revenue to total revenues during any reporting period.

We typically have numerous programs in production at any particular time, the life cycle for which is typically around one year. The programs’ prices are subject to intense negotiation and are determined on a program by program basis, dependent on a wide variety of factors, including without limitation, competitor pricing, expected volumes, assumed yields, material costs, and the amount of third party components within the program. Our profitability is dependent upon how we perform against our targets and the assumptions on which we base our prices for each particular program. In addition, the price on a particular program typically decreases as the program matures. Our volumes, margins and yields also vary from program to program and, given various factors and assumptions on which we base our prices, are not necessarily indicative of our profitability. In fact, some lower-priced programs have higher margins while other higher-priced programs have lower margins. Given that the programs in production vary from period to period and the pricing and margins between programs vary widely, volumes, while important for overhead absorption, are not

12


 

necessarily indicative of our performance. For example, we could experience an increase in volumes for a particular program during a particular period, but depending on that program’s margins and yields and the other programs in production during that period, those higher volumes may or may not result in an increase in overall profitability. In the mobility market, the first few months of production are the most critical in terms of growth and profitability opportunities.

From our inception in 1984 until 1989, we were engaged primarily in the manufacturing of flexible printed circuits for military and aerospace applications. In early 1990, we began to develop the concept of attaching components on flexible printed. Through these early efforts, we developed the concept of the value-added approach with respect to integrating our design engineering expertise with our component assembly capabilities. This strategy enabled us to capitalize on two trends over the course of the 1990s, the outsourcing by OEMs of their manufacturing needs and the shift of manufacturing facilities outside of the United States. In 1994, we formed a wholly owned Chinese subsidiary to better serve customers that have production facilities in Asia and provide a cost-effective, high-volume production platform for the manufacture of our products. In 2002, we formed a second wholly owned subsidiary in China to further expand our flexible printed circuit manufacturing and assembly capacity, and we merged these two subsidiaries into one in 2010. Our Chinese subsidiaries provide a complete range of capabilities and services to support our global customer base, including design engineering and high-volume production of single-sided, double-sided and multi-layer flexible printed circuits and component assemblies. In 2014, following a full review of our manufacturing footprint and in an effort to realign our manufacturing capacity and costs with expected net sales, we initiated a plan to consolidate our production facilities to reduce the total manufacturing floor space by approximately one-third (the “Restructuring”). As part of the Restructuring, MFLEX Chengdu, along with two satellite manufacturing facilities in Suzhou, China, were consolidated into our two main manufacturing plants under MFC in Suzhou. In addition, we closed MFE, which had been located in Cambridge, United Kingdom, and we reduced headcount at other locations. The Restructuring was complete as of December 31, 2014.

Critical Accounting Policies

Information with respect to our critical accounting policies which we believe have the most significant effect on our reported results and require subjective or complex judgments of management are contained on page 27 in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Transition Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended December 31, 2014.

 

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014

The following table sets forth our consolidated statements of income data expressed as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated:

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

 

2014

 

Net sales

 

100.0

%

 

 

 

100.0

%

Cost of sales

 

87.2

 

 

 

 

111.0

 

Gross profit (loss)

 

12.8

 

 

 

 

(11.0

)

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

0.9

 

 

 

 

1.3

 

Sales and marketing

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

3.7

 

General and administrative

 

3.7

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

Impairment and restructuring

 

(0.8

)

 

 

 

21.1

 

Total operating expenses

 

6.5

 

 

 

 

29.2

 

Operating income (loss)

 

6.3

 

 

 

 

(40.2

)

Other income and expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

0.2

 

 

 

 

0.2

 

Interest expense

 

(0.1

)

 

 

 

(0.2

)

Other income (expense), net

 

0.6

 

 

 

 

0.1

 

Income (loss) before taxes

 

7.0

 

 

 

 

(40.1

)

Provision for income taxes

 

(1.0

)

 

 

 

(4.5

)

Net income (loss)

 

6.0

%

 

 

 

(44.6

)%

Net Sales. Net sales increased to $149.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $117.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase of $31.3 million, or 26.6%, was primarily due to increased net sales into our smartphones and tablets sectors, as further quantified below. Net sales to our largest customer increased $46.2 million to $97.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, primarily the result of higher production volumes in certain programs and product mix. Net sales to

13


 

our newer customers decreased $8.4 million to $45.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $53.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, net sales to our largest customer accounted for approximately 65% of our total net sales, and two of our newer customers accounted for approximately 16% and 11%, respectively, of our total net sales.

Net sales into our smartphones sector increased to $112.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $87.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase of $25.1 million, or 28.8%, was primarily due to increased sales volumes to one major customer in this sector of approximately $50.1 million as a result of strong demand for current programs. As a partial offset, we experienced decreased sales volumes to a major customer and a newer customer of approximately $8.3 million and $13.9 million, respectively, due to programs reaching the end of their life cycles. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, our smartphones sector accounted for approximately 75% and 74% of total net sales, respectively.

Net sales into our tablets sector increased to $22.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $12.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase of $9.5 million in net sales into the tablets sector was due primarily to increased sales volumes to a newer customer in this sector of approximately $13.8 million as a result of new program launches, partially offset by decreased sales volumes to a major customer of approximately $4.2 million due to the timing of multiple programs. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, our tablets sector accounted for approximately 15% and 11% of total net sales, respectively.

Gross Margin. Gross margin increased to 12.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 from (11.0%) for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase of approximately 2,400 basis points was primarily attributable to approximately 1,300 basis points from lower overhead cost as a result of Restructuring benefits, and lower spending, 700 basis points from improved product mix and 400 basis points from improved labor efficiency, including benefits. Gross profit was $19.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to gross loss of $13.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

Research and Development. Research and development expense decreased by $0.1 million to $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The decrease is primarily related to lower variable spending. As a percentage of net sales, research and development expense decreased to 0.9% from 1.3% in the comparable period of the prior year.

Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expense decreased by $0.4 million to $4.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $4.4 million in the comparable period of the prior year. The decrease is primarily the result of reduced sales commissions and variable spending. As a percentage of net sales, sales and marketing expense decreased to 2.7% from 3.7% in the comparable period of the prior year.

General and Administrative. General and administrative expense increased by $1.9 million to $5.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from $3.6 million in the comparable period of the prior year. This increase was primarily due to higher bonus of $0.8 million due to stronger earnings in the current period, coupled with slightly higher variable spending of approximately $0.3 million. In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2014, we had a gain on disposal of equipment of $0.5 million, which partially offset general and administrative expenses. As a percentage of net sales, general and administrative expense increased to 3.7% from 3.1% in the comparable period of the prior year.

Impairment and Restructuring. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we recorded impairment and restructuring of $(1.2) million primarily due to a gain of $1.1 million on the sale of a satellite facility in Suzhou, China. Refer to Note 7 “Impairment and Restructuring” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further details. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, we recorded impairment and restructuring of $24.8 million.

Other Income (Expense), Net. Other income, net increased to $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, from other income, net of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. This increase was primarily the result of foreign exchange due to the movement of the U.S. dollar versus the RMB and other foreign currencies.

Income Taxes. The effective tax rate for three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was 14.1% and (11.3)%, respectively. The effective tax rate for March 31, 2014 was primarily due to establishing a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets related to one of our entities as well as our income and tax expense distribution by region. We expect future tax rates to vary if current tax regulations change.


14


 

 

 

Guidance

Net Sales. For our second quarter of 2015, we expect net sales to range between $135 and $165 million with continued strong contribution from our major customer and certain of our newer customers.

Gross Margin. For our second quarter of 2015, we expect gross margin to be between 12% and 14% based on the production build plans, projected net sales volume and anticipated product mix.

Operating Expenses. We expect normal operating expenses to be approximately $10.5 million during our second quarter of 2015.

Income Taxes. We expect the effective tax rate, on average, to be in the mid to high teens for 2015.

Capital Expenditures. For our second quarter of 2015, we are anticipating capital expenditures to be between $5 million and $8 million. For calendar year 2015, we expect capital expenditures to be approximately $25 million.

These projections are based on several business assumptions and are therefore subject to substantial uncertainty. See Item 1A of Part II, “Risk Factors.”

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal sources of liquidity have been cash provided by operations and our ability to borrow under our various credit facilities. Our principal uses of cash have been to finance working capital and capital expenditures. We anticipate these uses will continue to be our principal uses of cash in the future. Global financial and credit markets have been volatile in recent years, and future adverse conditions of these markets could negatively affect our ability to secure funds or raise capital at a reasonable cost, if needed.

It is our policy to carefully monitor the state of our business, cash requirements and capital structure. We believe that funds generated from our operations and available from our borrowing facilities will be sufficient to fund current business operations as well as anticipated growth over at least the next year, without the need to repatriate earnings.

Changes in the principal components of operating cash flows during the three months ended March 31, 2015 were as follows:

Our net accounts receivable balance decreased to $87.9 million as of March 31, 2015 from $133.2 million as of December 31, 2014, a decrease of 34.0%, due to seasonality of net sales. Days sales outstanding on a quarterly basis decreased to 53 days at March 31, 2015 from 57 days at December 31, 2014. Our inventory balance decreased to $50.4 million as of March 31, 2015 from $65.6 million as of December 31, 2014, which is a decrease of 23.2%. Days in inventory on a quarterly basis increased to 35 days at March 31, 2015 from 33 days at December 31, 2014. Our accounts payable balance decreased to $98.2 million as of March 31, 2015 from $143.0 million as of December 31, 2014, which is a decrease of 31.3%, due to lower material purchases and the timing of program ramps. Days payable on a quarterly basis decreased to 68 days at March 31, 2015 from 72 days at December 31, 2014.

·

We had a gain of $1.1 million on disposal of equipment and assets held for sale and impairment recoveries of $0.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015, versus a gain of $0.5 million on disposal of equipment and long-lived asset impairments of $11.5 million for the comparable period of the prior year.

·

Depreciation and amortization expense was $11.5 million for the three month ended March 31, 2015, versus $13.7 million for the comparable period of the prior year, primarily due to decreased capital expenditures and disposals of fixed assets related to our Restructuring.

Our principal investing and financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2015 were as follows:

Net cash provided by investing activities was $2.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and consisted of proceeds of $6.7 million from sale of equipment and assets held for sale, partially offset by cash purchases of capital equipment and other assets of $3.9 million.

Net cash used in financing activities was less than $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and consisted of tax withholdings for net share settlements of equity awards to employees. Our loans payable and borrowings outstanding against credit facilities were zero at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

 

15


 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market Risk

Market risk represents the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in liquidity, market rates and foreign exchange rates. At March 31, 2015, no amounts were outstanding under our loan agreements with Bank of America, Agricultural Bank of China or China Construction Bank. The amounts outstanding under these loan agreements at any time may fluctuate and we may, from time to time, be subject to refinancing risk. We do not believe that a change of 100 basis points in interest would have a material effect on our results of operations or financial condition based on our current borrowing level. There have been no material changes in our market risks during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Foreign Currency Risk

We derive a substantial portion of our sales outside of the United States. Approximately $144.4 million, or 97%, of total shipments to these foreign manufacturers during the three months ended March 31, 2015 were made in U.S. dollars with the remaining balance of our net sales denominated primarily in RMB. We currently have a significant portion of our expenses, more specifically cost of sales, denominated in RMB, whereby a significant appreciation or depreciation in the RMB could materially affect our reported expenses in U.S. dollars. The exchange rate for the RMB to the U.S. dollar has been an average of 6.14 RMB per U.S. dollar for the three months ended March 31, 2015. To date, we attempt to manage our working capital in a manner to minimize foreign currency exposure and from time to time, we may engage in currency hedging activities through use of forward contracts but such activities may not be able to limit the risks of currency fluctuations. We continue to be vulnerable to appreciation or depreciation of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar.

Liquidity Risk

With a strong cash position and no debt, we believe our anticipated cash flows from operations are sufficient to fund our operations, including capital expenditure requirements, through at least the next twelve months. If there is a need for additional cash to fund our operations, we may attempt to access our global credit lines, which totaled $111.4 million of available borrowings as of March 31, 2015.

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Based on an evaluation carried out as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), our CEO and CFO have concluded that, as of the end of such period, our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) are effective.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 


16


 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT OUR OPERATING RESULTS

Our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows can be impacted by a number of factors, including, but not limited to those set forth below, any of which could cause our results to be adversely impacted and could result in a decline in the value or loss of an investment in our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business.

Risks Related to Our Business

We have experienced a decline in revenue over the last four fiscal years, as well incurred net losses in the last two fiscal years, and we may continue to incur net losses in future periods.

From fiscal year 2011 to fiscal year 2014, we experienced a decline in revenue from $831.6 million in 2011, to $818.9 million in 2012, to $787.6 million in 2013, to $633.2 million in 2014, resulting from a decline in sales to certain of our key customers. We believe this resulted from decline of business from one of our key customers, which has been undergoing a business transition, as well as loss of market share from another key customer. Although we are undertaking efforts to diversify our customer base and increase our sales, including to new customers, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in offsetting these losses with sales to other customers.

In addition, in fiscal years 2013 and 2014, we incurred a net loss of $65.5 million and $84.5 million, respectively, on a full year basis. These losses, among other things, adversely affect our stockholders’ equity and working capital. Although we have undergone strategic restructuring efforts and returned to profitability in both the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014 and the first quarter of 2015, we cannot be certain that this return to profitability will be sustained, and our profitability may fluctuate from quarter to quarter based on a variety of factors, including capacity utilization, overhead absorption, yields and product mix.

We are, and have historically been, heavily dependent upon the smartphone, tablet and consumer electronics industries, and any downturn in these sectors may reduce our net sales.

For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, approximately 75% and 74%, respectively, of our net sales were derived from sales to companies for products or services into our smartphone sector; approximately 15% and 11%, respectively, of our net sales derived from sales were to companies for products or services into our tablet sector; and approximately 4% and 10%, respectively, of our net sales were derived from sales to companies for products or services into our consumer electronics sector. In general, these sectors are subject to economic cycles, changes in customer order patterns and periods of slowdown. Intense competition, relatively short product life cycles and significant fluctuations in product demand characterize these sectors, and these sectors are also generally subject to rapid technological change and product obsolescence. Fluctuations in demand for our products as a result of periods of slowdown in these markets (including the current economic downturn) or discontinuation of products or modifications developed in connection with next generation products could reduce our net sales.

We depend on a very limited number of key customers, and a limited number of programs from those customers, for significant portions of our net sales and if we lose business with any of these customers or if the products we are in are not commercially successful, our net sales could decline substantially, which could result in a net loss for us.

For the past several years, a substantial portion of our net sales has been derived from products that are incorporated into programs manufactured by or on behalf of a very limited number of key customers and their subcontractors, including Apple Inc. In addition, a substantial portion of our sales to each customer is often tied to only one program or a small number of programs. In the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we had only three and three customers, respectively, who represented 10% or more of our net sales, with approximately 65% and 43%, respectively, of our net sales to the same one customer. Furthermore, approximately 92% and 80%, of our net sales were to only three customers in the aggregate for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Our significant customer concentration increases the risk that our business terms with those customers may not be as favorable to us as those we might receive in a more competitive environment. The loss of a major customer or a significant reduction in sales to a major customer, including due to a penalty imposed by a customer, the loss of market share with the customers, the lack of commercial success by such customer or one or more of its products, a product failure of a customer’s program or limited flex content in a program, would seriously harm our business. Although we are continuing our efforts to reduce dependence on a limited number of customers, we may not be successful in such efforts. In addition, in fiscal year 2014, we experienced a decline in sales to certain of our key customers and net sales attributable to a limited number of customers and their subcontractors are expected to continue to represent a substantial portion of our business for the foreseeable future.

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We will have difficulty selling our products if customers do not design flexible printed circuits and assemblies into their product offerings or our customers’ product offerings are not commercially successful.

We sell our flexible printed circuits and assemblies directly or indirectly to OEMs, who include our flexible circuits and component assemblies in their product offerings. We must continue to design our products into our customers’ product offerings in order to remain competitive. However, our OEM customers may decide not to design flexible printed circuits into their product offerings (or may reduce the amount of flex in a product offering), or may procure flexible printed circuits from one of our competitors. If an OEM selects one of our competitors to provide a product instead of us or switches to alternative technologies developed or manufactured by one or more of our competitors, it becomes significantly more difficult for us to sell our products to that OEM because changing component providers after the initial production runs begin involves significant cost, time, effort and risk for the OEM. Even if an OEM designs one of our products into its product offering, the product may not be commercially successful or may experience product failures, we may not receive any orders from that manufacturer, the OEM may qualify additional vendors for the product or we could be undercut by a competitor’s pricing. Additionally, if an OEM selects one or more of our competitors, they may rely upon such competitors for the life of that specific offering and subsequent generations of similar offerings. Any of these events would result in fewer sales and reduced profits for us, and could adversely affect the accuracy of any forward-looking guidance we may give.

Changes in the products our customers buy from us can significantly affect our capacity, net sales and profitability.

We sell our flexible printed circuits and flex assemblies to a very limited number of customers, who typically purchase these products from us for numerous programs at any particular time. Customer programs differ in design and material content and our products’ prices and profitability are dependent on a wide variety of factors, including without limitation, expected volumes, assumed yields, material costs, actual yields and the amount of third-party components within the program. If we lose sales for a program that has higher material content, we may have to replace it with sales for a program that has lower material content, thus requiring additional capacity to generate the same amount of net sales. We may not have such capacity available (or it may not be economically advantageous to acquire such capacity), which could then result in lower net sales. Furthermore, if we were unable to increase our capacity to match our customers’ requests, we may lose existing business from such customer, in addition to losing future sales. In addition, if we were to utilize our capacity to increase sales of bare flex (flex without assembly), this could also generate lower net sales at potentially different (higher or lower) profitability levels.

Our customers often cancel their orders, change production quantities, delay production or qualify additional vendors, any of which can reduce our net sales, increase our expenses, affect our gross margin and/or cause us to write down inventory.

Substantially all of our sales are made on a purchase order basis, and we are not always able to predict with certainty the number of orders we will receive or the timing or magnitude of the orders. Our customers may cancel, change or delay product purchase orders with little or no advance notice to us, and we believe customers are doing so with increased frequency. These changes may be for a variety of reasons, including changes in their prospects, the perception of the quality of our products, as a penalty a customer decides to impose on us, the competitiveness of our pricing, the success of their products in the market, reliance on a new vendor and the overall economic forecast. In general, we do not have long-term contractual relationships with our customers that require them to order minimum quantities of our products, and our customers may decide to use another manufacturer or discontinue ordering from us in their discretion, potentially even after we have begun production on their program. In addition, many of our products are shipped to hubs, and we often have limited visibility and no control as to when our customers pull the inventory from the hub. We also have increased risks with respect to inventory control and potential inventory loss, and must rely on third parties for recordkeeping, when our products are shipped to a hub. In addition, whether products are pulled from our hub, or the hub of one of our competitors is not within our control, and the EMS companies who make such decisions may favor one of our competitors over us, particularly if such competitor is affiliated with the EMS company. As a result of these factors, we are not always able to forecast accurately the net sales that we will make in a given period, and our sales could drop precipitously at any time on little or no notice. Changes in orders can also result in layoffs and associated severance costs, which in any given financial period could materially adversely affect our financial results.

In addition, we are increasingly being required to purchase materials, components and equipment before a customer becomes contractually committed to an order so that we may timely deliver the expected order to the customer. We may increase our production capacity, working capital and overhead in expectation of orders that may never be placed, or, if placed, may be delayed, reduced or canceled. As a result, we may be unable to recover costs that we incur in anticipation of orders that are never placed or are cancelled without liability after placed, such as costs associated with purchased raw materials, components or equipment. Delayed, reduced or canceled orders could also result in write-offs of obsolete inventory. Although we estimate inventory reserve amounts, the amount reserved may not be sufficient for such write-offs. In addition, we may underutilize our manufacturing capacity if we decline other orders because we expect to use our capacity for orders that are later delayed, reduced or canceled.

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Our industry is extremely competitive, and if we are unable to respond to competitive pressures we may lose sales and our market share could decline.

We compete primarily with large flexible printed circuit board manufacturers located throughout Asia, including Taiwan, China, Korea, Japan and Singapore. We believe that the number of companies producing flexible printed circuit boards has increased materially in recent years and may continue to increase. In addition, certain former competitors are in the process of re-instituting their flexible printed circuit production which will increase competition in our market. Certain EMS providers have developed or acquired their own flexible printed circuit manufacturing capabilities or have extensive experience in electronics assembly, and in the future may cease ordering products from us or even compete with us on OEM programs. In addition, the number of customers in the market has been decreasing through consolidation and otherwise and the smartphone and tablet markets continue to become more competitive in terms of pricing. Furthermore, many companies in our target customer base may move the design and manufacturing of their products to original design manufacturers in Asia. These factors, among others, make our industry extremely competitive. If we are not successful in addressing these competitive aspects of our business, we may not be able to grow or maintain our market share, net sales, or profitability.

Our products and their terms of sale are subject to various pressures from our customers, competitors and market forces, any of which could harm our gross profits.

Our selling prices are affected by changes in overall demand for our products, changes in the specific products our customers buy, pricing of competitors’ products, our manufacturing efficiency, product life cycles and general economic conditions. In addition, from time to time we may elect to reduce the price of certain products we produce in order to gain additional orders, or not lose orders, on a particular program. A typical life cycle for one of our products has our selling price decrease as the program matures. To offset price decreases during a product’s life cycle, we rely primarily on higher sales volume and improving our manufacturing yield and productivity to reduce a product’s cost. If we cannot reduce our manufacturing costs as prices decline during a product’s life cycle, or if we are required to pay damages to a customer due to a breach of contract or other claim, including due to quality or delivery issues, our cost of sales as a percentage of net sales may increase, which would harm our profitability and could affect our working capital levels.

In addition, our key customers and their subcontractors are able to exert significant pricing pressure on us and often require us to renegotiate the terms of our arrangements with them, including increasing or removing liability and indemnification thresholds and increasing the length of payment terms, among other terms. Increases in our labor costs, especially in China where we may have little or no advance notice of such increases, changes in contract terms and regular price reductions have historically resulted in lower gross margins for us and may continue to do so in future periods. Furthermore, our competitive position is dependent upon the yields and quality we are able to achieve on our products and our level of automation as compared to our competitors. We believe our competitors have been rapidly investing in more efficient and higher capability processes and automation, and if we do not match such investments, this could negatively impact our ability to compete on price, technology and capability. These trends and factors may harm our business and make it more difficult to compete effectively, and grow or maintain our net sales and profitability.

Significant product failures or safety concerns about our or our customers’ products could harm our reputation and our business.

Continued improvement in manufacturing capabilities, quality control, material costs and successful product testing capabilities are critical to our growth. Our efforts to monitor, develop, modify and implement stringent testing and manufacturing processes for our products may not be sufficient. If any flaw in the design, production, assembly or testing of our or our customers’ products were to occur or if our, or our customers’, products were believed to be unsafe, it could result in significant delays in product shipments by, or cancellation of orders or substantial penalties from, our customers and their customers, substantial refund, recall, repair or replacement costs, an increased return rate for our products, potential damage to our reputation, or potential lawsuits which could prove to be time consuming and costly. Pronouncements by the World Health Organization listing mobile phone use as possibly carcinogenic may affect our customers’ sales and in turn affect our sales to our customers. Because we normally provide a warranty for our products, a significant claim for damages related to a breach of warranty could materially affect our financial results.

Problems with manufacturing yields and/or our inability to ramp up production could impair our ability to meet customer demand for our products.

We could experience low manufacturing yields due to, among other things, design errors, manufacturing failures in new or existing products, the inexperience of new employees, component defects, or the learning curve experienced during the initial and ramp up stages of new product introduction. If we cannot achieve expected yields in the manufacture of our products, this could result in higher operating costs, which could result in higher per unit costs, reduced product availability and may subject us to substantial penalties by our customers. Reduced yields or an inability to successfully ramp up products can significantly harm our gross margins, resulting in lower profitability or even losses. In addition, if we were unable to ramp up our production in order to meet customer

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demand, whether due to yield or other issues, it would impair our ability to meet customer demand for our products, which could cause us to lose an order for such product, or lose the customer altogether, and our net sales and profitability would be negatively affected.

We must invest in and develop or adopt new technology and update our manufacturing processes in order to remain an attractive supplier to our customers, and we may not be able to do so successfully.

Our long-term strategy relies in part on timely adopting, developing and manufacturing technological advances and new processes to meet our customers’ needs and to expand into new markets outside the mobility market. However, any new technology or process adopted or developed by us may not meet the expectations of our existing or potential customers, or customers outside the mobility market may not select either our current or new process capabilities for their offerings. Customers could decide to switch to alternative technologies or materials, adopt new or competing industry standards with which our products are incompatible or fail to adopt standards with which our products are compatible. If we are unable to obtain customer qualifications for new processes or product features, cannot qualify our processes for high-volume production quantities or do not execute our operational and strategic plans for new developments in advanced technologies in a timely manner, our net sales or profitability may decrease. In addition, we may incur higher manufacturing costs in connection with new technology, materials, products or product features, as we may be required to replace, modify, design, build and install equipment, all of which would require additional capital expenditures. Also, due to financial constraints, we may not be able to invest in such new technology advancements and as a result, could fall behind our competition and/or not be able to satisfy our customers’ requirements, which could result in loss of sales and decreased profitability.

We must continue to be able to procure raw materials and components on commercially reasonable terms to manufacture our products profitably.

Generally we do not maintain a large surplus stock of raw materials or components for our products because the specific assemblies are uniquely applicable to the products we produce for our customers; therefore, we rely on third-party suppliers to provide these raw materials and components in a timely fashion and on commercially reasonable terms. In addition, we are often required by our customers to seek components from a limited number of suppliers that have been pre-qualified by the customer. We, or our customers, may not be able to obtain the components or flex materials that are required for our customers’ programs, which in turn could forestall, delay, or halt our production or our customers’ programs. Delays may occur in future periods for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to, natural disasters. Furthermore, the supply of certain precious metals required for our products is limited, and our suppliers could lose their export or import licenses on materials we require, any of which could limit or halt our ability to manufacture our products. We may not be successful in managing any shortage of raw materials or components that we may experience in the future, which could adversely affect our relationships with our customers and result in a decrease in our net sales or litigation by our customers against us. Component shortages could also increase our cost of goods sold because we may be required to pay higher prices for components in short supply. In addition, suppliers could go out of business, discontinue the supply of key materials, or consider us too small of a customer to sell to directly, and could require us to buy through distributors, increasing the cost of such components to us.

Our manufacturing and shipping costs may also be impacted by fluctuations in the cost of oil and gas. Any fluctuations in the supply or prices of these commodities could have an adverse effect on our profit margins and financial condition.

If we are unable to attract or retain personnel necessary to operate our business, our ability to develop and market our products successfully could be harmed.

We believe that our success is highly dependent on our current executive officers and management team. We do not have an employment contract with Reza Meshgin, our president and chief executive officer, or any of our other key personnel, and their knowledge of our business and industry would be extremely difficult to replace. The loss of any key employee or the inability to attract or retain qualified personnel, including engineers, sales and marketing personnel, management or finance personnel could delay the development and introduction of our products, harm our reputation or otherwise damage our business.

Furthermore, we have experienced very high employee turnover in our facilities in China, and we continue to experience difficulty in recruiting employees for these facilities. In addition, we are noting the signs of wage inflation, labor unrest and increased unionization in China and new regulations regarding the usage of contract workers, and expect these to be ongoing trends for the foreseeable future, which could cause employee issues, including work stoppages, excessive wage increases and increased activity of labor unions, at our China facilities. A large number of our employees works in our facilities in China, and our costs associated with hiring and retaining these employees have increased over the past several years. The high turnover rate, increasing wages, new regulations regarding contract workers, our difficulty in recruiting and retaining qualified employees and the other labor trends we are noting in China have resulted in an increase in our employee expenses, and a continuation of any of these trends could result in even higher costs or production disruptions or delays or the inability to ramp up production to meet increased customer orders, resulting in

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order cancellation, imposition of customer penalties if we were unable to timely deliver product or a negative impact on net sales and profits for us.

Our manufacturing capacity may be interrupted, limited or delayed if we cannot maintain sufficient utility sources in China.

The flexible printed circuit fabrication process requires a stable utility source. We have periodically experienced and expect to continue to experience insufficient supplies of electrical power from time to time, especially during the warmer summer months in China. In addition, China has instituted energy conservation regulations which ration the amount of electricity that may be used by enterprises such as ours. Although we have purchased a few generators and could lease additional generators, such generators do not produce sufficient electricity supply to run our manufacturing facilities and they are costly to operate. Power or steam interruptions, electricity shortages, the cost of diesel fuel to run our back-up generators or government intervention, particularly in the form of rationing, are factors that could restrict our access to electricity at our Chinese manufacturing facilities. Any such insufficient access to electricity, gas, steam or other utility could affect our ability to manufacture and related costs. Any such shortages could result in delays in our shipments to our customers and, potentially, the loss of customer orders and penalties from such customers for the delay.

Our global operations expose us to additional risk and uncertainties.

We have operations in a number of countries, including the United States, China, Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. Our global operations may be subject to risks that may limit our ability to operate our business. We manufacture the bulk of our products in China and sell our products globally, which exposes us to a number of risks which can arise from international trade transactions, local business practices and cultural considerations, including:

political unrest, terrorism and economic or financial instability;

restrictions on our ability to repatriate earnings;

unexpected changes in regulatory requirements and uncertainty related to developing legal and regulatory systems related to economic and business activities, real property ownership and application of contract rights;

nationalization programs that may be implemented by foreign governments;

import-export regulations;

difficulties in enforcing agreements and collecting receivables;

difficulties in ensuring compliance with the laws and regulations of multiple jurisdictions, including complying with local employment and overtime regulations, which regulations could affect our ability to quickly ramp production;

difficulties in ensuring that health, safety, environmental and other working conditions are properly implemented and/or maintained by the local office, the failure of which could require us to close our factories on little or no notice;

changes in labor practices, including wage inflation, frequent and extremely high increases in the minimum wage, labor unrest and unionization policies;

limited intellectual property protection;

longer payment cycles by international customers;

currency exchange fluctuations;

inadequate local infrastructure and disruptions of service from utilities or telecommunications providers, including electricity shortages;

transportation delays and difficulties in managing international distribution channels;

difficulties in staffing foreign subsidiaries and in managing an expatriate workforce;

potentially adverse tax consequences;

differing employment practices and labor issues;

the occurrence of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods or other acts of force majeure; and

public health emergencies such as SARS, avian flu and Swine flu.

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We also face risks associated with currency exchange and convertibility, inflation and repatriation of earnings as a result of our foreign operations. In some countries, economic, monetary and regulatory factors could affect our ability to convert funds to U.S. dollars or move funds from accounts in these countries. We are also vulnerable to appreciation or depreciation of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar. Although we have significant operations in Asia, a substantial portion of transactions are denominated in U.S. dollars, including approximately 90% of the total shipments made to foreign manufacturers during the fiscal year 2014. The remaining balance of our net sales is primarily denominated in Chinese Renminbi. As a result, as appreciation against the U.S. dollar increases, it will result in an increase in the cost of our business expenses in China. Further, downward fluctuations in the value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar may make our products less price competitive than local solutions. From time to time, we may engage in currency hedging activities, but such activities may not be able to limit the impact or risks of currency fluctuations.

In addition, our activities in China are subject to administrative review and approval by various national and local agencies of China’s government. Given the changes occurring in China’s legal and regulatory structure, we may not be able to secure required governmental approval for our activities or facilities, or the government may not apply real property or contract rights in the same manner as one may expect in other jurisdictions.

We recently restructured our business and rationalized our manufacturing operations, and we may not be able to sustain the cost reductions or other benefits we expect from such restructuring.

We recently completed a process of consolidating and reorganizing certain of our operations in an effort to realign our organization to more efficiently support customer demand while decreasing operating expenses. While we recognized certain cost savings and other benefits from these initiatives during recent quarters, the sustainability of these cost savings is subject to many risks and uncertainties and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in sustaining the recognized cost savings. Failure to do so could adversely impact our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, and may otherwise cause disruption to our business.

From time to time, we restructure our manufacturing capacity, and we may have difficulty managing these changes.

From time to time, we engage in a number of manufacturing expansion and contraction projects, based on the then-current and forecasted needs of our business. In addition, from time to time, we engage in international restructuring efforts in order to better align our business functions with our international operations and transition to other lower cost locations in continuation of our cost reduction efforts.

Our management team may have difficulty managing our manufacturing capacity and transition projects or otherwise managing any growth or downsizing in our business that we may experience. Risks associated with right-sizing our manufacturing capacity may include those related to:

managing multiple, concurrent capacity expansion or reduction projects;

managing the reduction of employee headcount for facilities where we reduce or cease our activities;

accurately predicting any increases or decreases in demand for our products and managing our manufacturing capacity appropriately;

under-utilized capacity, particularly during the start-up phase of a new manufacturing facility and the effects on our gross margin of under-utilization;

managing increased employment costs and scrap rates often associated with periods of growth or contraction;

implementing, integrating and improving operational and financial systems, procedures and controls, including our computer systems;

construction delays, equipment delays or shortages, labor shortages and disputes and production start-up problems; and

cost overruns and charges related to our expansion or contraction of activities.

Our management team may not be effective in restructuring our manufacturing facilities, and our systems, procedures and controls may not be adequate to support such changes in manufacturing capacity. Any inability to manage changes in our manufacturing capacity may harm our profitability and growth.

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United Engineers Limited is deemed to have an indirect beneficial ownership in approximately 61% of our outstanding common stock and is able to exert influence over us and our major corporate decisions.

United Engineers Limited (“UEL”) through its subsidiaries (which include WBL Corporation Limited (“WBL”) as result of UEL’s stock acquisition of WBL in 2013) (collectively the “UE Group”) is deemed to indirectly beneficially own approximately 61% of our outstanding common stock. As a result, the UE Group has influence over the composition of our board of directors and our management, operations and potential significant corporate actions. The board or executive management composition of the UE Group could change, and such change could affect the strategic direction of the UE Group and the way the UE Group influences our corporate actions. For example, although we have put in place several measures designed to limit the amount of influence the UE Group has over us (including a staggered board of directors, not allowing action by written consent of our stockholders and not allowing stockholders to call a special meeting), for so long as the UE Group continues to control more than a majority of our outstanding common stock, it will have the ability to control who is elected to our board of directors each year, and ultimately can change out our entire board in three years. Furthermore, the strategic direction of the UE Group may influence how, when and if the WBL Entities (defined below) elect to sell its stock in us under the Registration Statement on Form S-3 that has been filed by the Company and declared effective by the SEC to cover such sales.

In addition, for so long as WBL or its subsidiaries (collectively, the “WBL Entities”) effectively own at least one-third of our voting stock, it has the ability, through a stockholders’ agreement with us, to approve the appointment of any chief executive officer or the issuance of securities that would reduce the WBL Entities’ effective ownership of us to a level that is below a majority of our outstanding shares of common stock, as determined on a fully diluted basis. As a result, the WBL Entities could preclude us from engaging in an acquisition or other strategic opportunity that we may want to pursue if such acquisition or opportunity require the issuance of our common stock. This concentration of ownership may also discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company, which could deprive our other stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their stock as part of a sale of our company, could harm the market price of our common stock and could impede the growth of our company. The UE Group could also sell a controlling interest in us, or a portion of their interest, to a third party, including a participant in our industry, which could adversely affect our operations or our stock price.

The UE Group and its representatives on our board of directors may have interests that conflict with, or are different from, the interests of our other stockholders. These conflicts of interest could include potential competitive business activities, corporate opportunities, indemnity arrangements, debt covenants, sales or distributions by the UE Group of our common stock and the exercise by the UE Group of its ability to influence our management and affairs. In general, our certificate of incorporation does not contain any provision that is designed to facilitate resolution of actual or potential conflicts of interest. If any conflict of interest is not resolved in a manner favorable to our stockholders, it could adversely affect our operations and our stockholders’ interests may be substantially harmed.

UEL may be unable to vote its shares in us on certain matters that require stockholder approval without obtaining approval from the stockholders of UEL and/or regulatory approval and it is possible that such stockholders or the relevant regulators may not approve the proposed corporate action.

UEL’s ordinary shares are listed on the Singapore Securities Exchange Trading Limited (the “Singapore Exchange”). Under the rules of the Singapore Exchange, when we submit a matter for the approval of our stockholders, UEL may be required to obtain the approval of its own respective stockholders for such action before UEL can vote its shares with respect to our proposal or dispose of our shares of common stock. Examples of corporate actions we may seek to take that may require UEL to obtain its stockholders’ approval may include certain amendments of our certificate of incorporation, an acquisition or a sale of our assets the value of which exceeds certain prescribed thresholds under the rules of the Singapore Exchange, and certain issuances of our capital stock. In addition, we have been advised that if UEL is in an “offer period” under the rules of the Singapore Exchange (for example, if there was a potential offer by a third party for UEL’s outstanding shares), then during the pendency of such offer period UEL may be prevented from doing anything that would constitute “frustration of the offer” without first obtaining (a) either the approval of its stockholders or the potential offeror and (b) the Singapore Securities Industry Council (the “SIC”). Any material acquisition by, or disposition of, one of UEL’s subsidiaries, including us, could be considered a “frustration of the offer,” and thus, approval by UEL’s stockholders/potential offeror and the SIC could first be required for UEL.

To obtain stockholder approval, UEL must prepare a circular describing the proposal, submit it to the Singapore Exchange for review and send the circular to its stockholders, which may take several weeks or longer. In addition, UEL is required under its corporate rules to give its stockholders advance notice of the meeting. Consequently, if we need to obtain our stockholders’ approval for a matter which also requires the approval of the stockholders of UEL, the process of seeking stockholder approval from UEL may delay our proposed action and it is possible that the stockholders of UEL may not approve our proposed corporate action. It is also possible that we might not be able to establish a quorum at our stockholder meeting if UEL is unable to vote at the meeting if the approval of the stockholders of UEL is not obtained. The rules of the Singapore Exchange that govern WBL and UEL are subject to

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revision from time to time, and policy considerations may affect rule interpretation and application. It is possible that any change to or interpretation of existing or future rules may be more restrictive and complex than the existing rules and interpretations.

Our business requires significant investments in capital equipment, facilities and technological improvements, and we may not be able to obtain sufficient funds to make such capital expenditures.

To remain competitive we must continue to make significant investments in capital equipment, facilities and technological improvements. We expect that substantial capital may be required to expand our manufacturing capacity and fund working capital requirements in the future. In addition, we expect that new technology requirements may increase the capital intensity of our business. We may need to raise additional funds through further debt or equity financings in order to fund our anticipated growth and capital expenditures, and we may not be able to raise additional capital on reasonable terms, or at all, particularly given our recent financial performance. If we are unable to obtain sufficient capital in the future, we may have to curtail our capital expenditures. Any curtailment of our capital expenditures could result in a reduction in net sales, reduced quality of our products, increased manufacturing costs for our products, harm to our reputation, reduced manufacturing efficiencies or other harm to our business. Furthermore, our board has authorized a stock repurchase program, and may authorize additional stock repurchases in the future, and the funds we expend for any such repurchase may later be needed for the operation of our business.

In addition, under our stockholder agreement with the WBL Entities, approval from a “WBL Director” on our board (as defined in such agreement) is required for the issuance of securities that would reduce its effective ownership of us to below a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock as determined on a fully diluted basis. If such approval is required for a proposed financing, it is possible that we may not be able to obtain the approval for the financing and we may not be able to complete the transaction, which could make it more difficult to obtain sufficient funds to operate and expand our business.

We are subject to covenants in our credit agreements and any failure to comply with such covenants could result in our being unable to borrow under the agreements and other negative consequences.

Our credit agreements contain customary covenants. There can be no assurance that we will be able to comply with any borrowing conditions or other covenants in our current or future credit agreements. Our failure to comply with these covenants could cause us to be unable to borrow under the agreements and may constitute an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of the maturity of any indebtedness then outstanding under that, or other, credit agreements, which would require us to pay all amounts outstanding. Due to our cash and cash equivalent position and the fact that we have no long-term borrowings currently outstanding under our lines, we do not currently anticipate that our failure to comply with any of the covenants under our credit lines would have a significant impact on our ability to meet our financial obligations in the near term. Termination of one of our credit lines because of a failure to comply with such covenants, however, would be a disclosable event and may be perceived negatively. Such perception could adversely affect the market price for our common stock and our ability to obtain financing in the future.

Tax positions we have taken may be challenged and we are subject to the risk of changing income tax rates and laws.

From time to time, we may be subject to various types of tax audits, during which tax positions we have taken may be challenged and overturned. If this were to occur, our tax rates could significantly increase and we may be required to pay significant back taxes, interests and/or penalties. The outcome of tax audits cannot be predicted with certainty. If any issues addressed in our tax audits are resolved in a manner not consistent with management’s expectations, we could be required to adjust our provision for income tax in the period such resolution occurs. Any significant proposed adjustments could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position if not resolved favorably.

In addition, a change in tax laws, treaties or regulations, or their interpretation, of any country in which we operate could result in a higher tax rate. For example, there has been increased scrutiny by the U.S. government on tax positions taken, and during February 2015, the United States Department of the Treasury issued a high-level outline of proposed modifications to international tax laws for fiscal year 2016. If any of these, or similar, proposals are passed, our statements of financial position and results of operations could be negatively impacted.

If we fail to secure or protect our intellectual property rights, competitors may be able to use our technologies, which could weaken our competitive position and harm our business.

We rely primarily on trade secrets and confidentiality procedures relating to our manufacturing processes to protect our proprietary rights. Despite our efforts, these measures can only provide limited protection. Unauthorized third parties may try to copy or reverse engineer portions of our products or otherwise obtain and use our intellectual property. If we fail to protect our proprietary

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rights adequately, our competitors could offer similar products using processes or technologies developed by us, potentially harming our competitive position. In addition, other parties may independently develop similar or competing technologies.

We also rely on patent protection for some of our intellectual property. Our patents may be expensive to obtain and there is no guarantee that either our current or future patents will provide us with any competitive advantages. A third party may challenge the validity of our patents, or circumvent our patents by developing competing products based on technology that does not infringe our patents. Further, patent protection is not available at all in certain countries and some countries that do allow registration of patents do not provide meaningful redress for patent violations. As a result, protecting intellectual property in those countries is difficult, and competitors could sell products in those countries that have functions and features that would otherwise infringe on our intellectual property. If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights adequately, our competitors may gain access to our technology and our business may be harmed.

We may be sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights.

From time to time, we have received, and expect to continue to receive, notices of claims of infringement, misappropriation or misuse of other parties’ proprietary rights. We could also be subject to claims arising from the allocation of intellectual property rights among us and our customers. Any claims brought against us or our customers, with or without merit, could be time-consuming and expensive to litigate or settle, and could divert management attention away from our business plan. Adverse determinations in litigation could subject us to significant liability and could result in the loss of our proprietary rights. A successful lawsuit against us could also force us to cease selling or require us to redesign any products or marks that incorporate the infringed intellectual property. In addition, we could be required to seek a license from the holder of the intellectual property to use the infringed technology, and it is possible that we may not be able to obtain a license on reasonable terms, or at all. If we fail to develop a non-infringing technology on a timely basis or to license the infringed technology on acceptable terms, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed.

Complying with environmental laws and regulations or the environmental policies of our customers may increase our costs and reduce our profitability.

We are subject to a variety of environmental laws and regulations relating to the storage, discharge, handling, emission, generation, manufacture, use and disposal of chemicals, solid and hazardous waste and other toxic and hazardous materials used in the manufacture of flexible printed circuits and component assemblies in our facilities in the United States, Europe and Asia. In addition, certain of our customers have, or the future may have, environmental policies with which we are required to comply that are more stringent than applicable laws and regulations. For example, certain of our customers are requesting that we voluntarily disclose data regarding our environmental discharge with the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs (“IPE”), which is a non-governmental organization in China. A significant portion of our manufacturing operations are located in China, where we are subject to constantly evolving environmental regulation, including its revised Environmental Protection Law, effective January 1, 2015. In addition, we are often required to obtain reports from our suppliers regarding the materials they provide to us. The costs of complying with any change in, or interpretation of, such regulations or customer policies and the costs of remedying potential violations or resolving enforcement actions that might be initiated by governmental entities could be substantial.

In the event of a violation, we may be required to halt one or more segments of our operations until such violation is cured or we may be fined by a customer. The costs of remedying violations or resolving enforcement actions that might be initiated by governmental authorities could be substantial. Any remediation of environmental contamination would involve substantial expense that could harm our results of operations. In addition, we cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of future regulatory or customer requirements to which our operations may be subject or the manner in which existing or future laws or customer policies will be administered or interpreted. Future regulations may be applied to materials, products or activities that have not been subject to regulation previously. The costs of complying with new or more stringent regulations or policies could be significant.

Compliance with regulations and customer demands regarding “conflict minerals” could significantly increase costs and affect the manufacturing and sale of our products.

Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) required the SEC to establish disclosure and reporting requirements regarding specified minerals originating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country that are necessary to the functionality or production of products manufactured by companies required to file reports with the SEC. The SEC adopted disclosure rules for companies that use conflict minerals in their products, with substantial supply chain verification requirements in the event that the materials come from, or could have come from such areas. These rules may affect sourcing at competitive prices and availability of sufficient quantities of minerals used in the manufacture of our products. In addition, there are costs associated with complying with the disclosure requirements, such as costs related to determining the source of such minerals used in our products. Also, because our supply chain is complex, we may face commercial challenges if we are unable to sufficiently verify the origins for all metals used in our products through the due diligence procedures

25


 

that we implement. Moreover, we may encounter challenges to satisfy those customers who require that all of the components of our products be certified as conflict free which could place us at a competitive disadvantage if we are unable to do so.

Potential future acquisitions or strategic business alliances could be difficult to integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect our financial results.

As part of our business strategy, we intend to continue to consider acquisitions of, or business alliances with, companies, technologies and products that we feel could enhance our capabilities, complement our current products or expand the breadth of our markets or customer base. We have limited experience in acquiring or partnering with other businesses and technologies. Potential and completed acquisitions and strategic alliances involve numerous risks, including:

difficulties in integrating operations, technologies, accounting and personnel;

problems maintaining uniform standards, procedures, controls and policies;

difficulties in supporting and transitioning customers of our acquired companies;

diversion of financial and management resources from existing operations;

potential costs incurred in executing on such a transaction, including any necessary debt or equity financing;

risks associated with entering new markets in which we have no or limited prior experience;

potential loss of key employees; and

inability to generate sufficient revenues to offset acquisition or start-up costs.

Acquisitions also frequently result in the recording of goodwill and other intangible assets which are subject to potential impairments in the future that could harm our financial results. In addition, if we finance acquisitions by issuing convertible debt or equity securities, our existing stockholders may be diluted, which could affect the market price of our stock. As a result, if we fail to properly evaluate acquisitions or partnerships, we may not achieve the anticipated benefits of any such acquisitions or partnerships, and we may incur costs in excess of what we anticipate.

We face potential risks associated with loss, theft or damage of our property or property of our customers.

Some of our customers have entrusted us with proprietary equipment or intellectual property to be used in the design, manufacture and testing of the products we make for them. In some instances, we face potentially millions of dollars in financial exposure to those customers if such equipment or intellectual property is lost, damaged or stolen. Although we take precautions against such loss, theft or damage and we may insure against a portion of these risks, such insurance is expensive, may not be applicable to any loss we may experience and, even if applicable, may not be sufficient to cover any such loss. Further, deductibles for such insurance may be substantial and may adversely affect our operations if we were to experience a loss, even if insured.

Litigation may distract us from operating our business.

Litigation that may be brought by or against us could cause us to incur significant expenditures and distract our management from the operations and conduct of our business. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that we would prevail in such litigation or resolve such litigation on terms favorable to us, which may adversely affect our operations.

If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results.

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports. This effort is made more challenging by our significant overseas operations. In addition, our chief financial officer has recently informed us of his resignation effective as of May 15, 2015, to pursue another career opportunity. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports, our operating results could be misstated, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting and the trading price of our stock could be negatively affected. There can be no assurance that our internal controls over financial processes and reporting will be effective in the future.

26


 

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

Sales of our common stock by our majority stockholder could depress the price of our common stock or weaken market confidence in our prospects.

We have filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3, covering the re-sale of all 14,817,052 of our shares held by the WBL Entities. The WBL Entities may sell all or part of the shares of our common stock that it owns (or distribute those shares to its shareholders). A large influx of shares of our common stock into the market as a result of such sales, or the mere perception that these sales could occur, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline, perhaps substantially, and may weaken market confidence in us or our prospects, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation or stock price. If there is a disposal by the WBL Entities of their shares of our common stock with value that exceeds certain prescribed thresholds and constitutes a major transaction under the rules of the Singapore Exchange, then such disposal may require the approval of the stockholders of UEL. The WBL Entities may be able to sell part of their shares of our common stock without requiring such stockholders’ approval if such thresholds are not met; however, even such sale could impact the market price of our common stock. Further, these sales, or the possibility that these sales may occur, also might make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities in the future at a time and at a price that we deem appropriate.

The trading price of our common stock is volatile.

The trading prices of the securities of technology companies, including the trading price of our common stock, have historically been highly volatile. During the 12-month period from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015, the high and low sales prices for our common stock were $20.15 and $8.11 per share, respectively. Factors that could affect the trading price of our common stock include, but are not limited to:

fluctuations in our financial results;

the limited size of our public float;

announcements of technological innovations or events affecting companies in our industry;

changes in the estimates of our financial results;

changes in the recommendations of any securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock; and

market conditions in our industry, the industries of our customers and the economy as a whole.

In addition, although we have approximately 24.3 million shares of common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2015, approximately 14.8 million of those shares are held by the WBL Entities. As a result, there is a limited public float in our common stock. If any of our significant stockholders were to decide to sell a substantial portion of its shares the trading price of our common stock could decline. See “Risk Factors—Sales of our common stock by our majority stockholder could depress the price of our common stock or weaken market confidence in our prospects” for more information.

If certain requirements are not met, the SEC could impose sanctions against China-based members of certain accounting firms’ networks, which could affect our ability to have those firms perform audits for us in the future.

From time to time, the SEC requests access to the audit documents of Chinese US-listed companies from their accountants. Many of the accounting firms, including the Chinese members of the so-called Big Four accounting firms’ networks, have historically refused to provide these records citing China’s state law which specifies that certain Chinese company records can be claimed as state secrets. In January of 2014, an SEC Administrative Law judge made an initial decision which determined that the Chinese members of the Big Four firms’ networks, including PricewaterhouseCoopers Zhong Tian LLP (“PwC China”), among others, should be suspended from practicing before the SEC for a period of six months, which includes, but is not limited to, performing audits of subsidiaries of companies that are registered with the SEC. This decision was stayed pending review, and in February 2015, the SEC announced that it had come to a settlement with the China-based firms associated with the Big Four firms, which settlement imposed sanctions against the firms and provides the SEC with authority to impose a variety of remedial measures on the firms if future document productions fail to meet specified criteria. Remedies for future non-compliance could include, as appropriate, an automatic six-month bar on a single firm’s performance of certain audit work.

We have substantial operations in China that are currently audited by PwC China, a member firm of the PwC network, of which our auditor, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, is also a member. If such a remedy was to be imposed on PwC China for failure to comply with the settlement, we could be unable to use PwC China, or any of the other affected accounting firms, to perform audits of our operations in China, and may have difficulty finding another firm with sufficient resources or experience to competently audit our Chinese entities. This could cause us to not meet our financial reporting obligations, which could negatively influence investor perceptions and cause a decline in our stock price.

27


 

Delaware law and our corporate charter and bylaws contain anti-takeover provisions that could delay or discourage takeover attempts that stockholders may consider favorable.

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in our management including, among other things, provisions providing for a classified board of directors, authorizing the board of directors to issue preferred stock and the elimination of stockholder voting by written consent. In addition, because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which may discourage, delay or prevent certain business combinations with stockholders owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock. These provisions in our charter, bylaws and under Delaware law could discourage delay or prevent potential takeover attempts that stockholders may consider favorable.

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

The exhibit list required by this Item 6 is incorporated by reference to the Exhibit Index immediately following the signature page of this report.

 

 

 

28


 

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc.,

a Delaware corporation

 

Date: May 7, 2015

By:

 

/s/ Thomas Liguori

 

 

 

Thomas Liguori

Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice-President

(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial

Officer of the Registrant)

 

 

 

 

29


 

MULTI-FINELINE ELECTRONIX, INC.

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incorporated by Reference

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Exhibit Title

 

Filed with this
Form 10-Q

 

Form

 

File No.

 

Date Filed

 

3.2

 

Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.

 

 

 

S-1

 

333-114510

 

6/3/2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.4

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

12/8/2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.1

 

Form of Common Stock Certificate.

 

 

 

S-1

 

333-114510

 

4/15/2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.2

 

Registration Rights Agreement dated November 30, 2012 among Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc., Wearnes Technology (Private) Limited, United Wearnes Technology Pte Ltd, and WBL Corporation Limited.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

12/3/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.3

 

Amendment to the Registration Rights Agreement dated February 2, 2014 among Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc., Wearnes Technology (Private) Limited, United Wearnes Technology Pte Ltd, and WBL Corporation Limited.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

2/6/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.1*

 

Form of Indemnification Agreement between the Company and its officers, directors and agents.

 

 

 

S-1

 

333-114510

 

6/3/2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.20

 

Amended and Restated Stockholders Agreement dated October 25, 2005 between Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc., Wearnes Technology Pte. Ltd, United Wearnes Technology Pte. Ltd., and WBL Corporation Limited.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

10/25/2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.45*

 

Form of Stock Appreciation Rights Agreement under the 2004 Stock Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

10-K

 

000-50812

 

12/9/2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.57*

 

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement under the 2004 Stock Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

10-K

 

000-50812

 

11/17/2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.78*

 

Change in Control Plan.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

1/19/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.79*

 

Amended and Restated 2004 Stock Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

1/19/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.82#

 

Master Development and Supply Agreement by and between Apple Computer, Inc. and Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc. dated May 2, 2012.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

5/3/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.83*

 

Executive Officer Tax Audit Reimbursement Plan.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

8/3/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.86

 

Line of Credit Agreement between MFLEX Suzhou Co., Ltd., and China Construction Bank, Suzhou Industry Park Sub-Branch dated May 6, 2013.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

5/8/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.87

 

Facility Offer Letter Agreement between MFLEX Suzhou Co., Ltd., and China Construction Bank, Suzhou Industry Park Sub-Branch dated May 6, 2013.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

5/8/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.88

 

Line of General Credit Agreement between MFLEX Suzhou Co., Ltd., and Agricultural Bank of China, Suzhou Wuzhong Sub-branch dated July 1, 2013.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

7/2/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incorporated by Reference

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Exhibit Title

 

Filed with this
Form 10-Q

 

Form

 

File No.

 

Date Filed

 

10.89

 

Facility Offer Letter between MFLEX Suzhou Co., Ltd., and Agricultural Bank of China, Suzhou Wuzhong Sub-branch dated July 1, 2013.

 

 

 

8-K

 

000-50812

 

7/2/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.90*

 

Multi-Fineline Electronix, Inc. 2014 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

DEF14A

 

000-50812

 

1/23/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.91*

 

Form of Stock Appreciation Rights Agreement under 2014 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

5/5/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.92*

 

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement under 2014 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

10-Q

 

000-50812

 

5/5/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.93#

 

Loan and Security Agreement by and among the Company, as guarantor, MFLEX Singapore, as borrower, certain financial institutions, as lenders, and Bank of America, N.A., as agent dated August 6, 2014.

 

 

 

10-K

 

000-50812

 

11/13/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Section 302 Certification by the Company’s chief executive officer.

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.2

 

Section 302 Certification by the Company’s principal financial officer.

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.1

 

Section 906 Certification by the Company’s chief executive officer and principal financial officer.

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document.

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxon