0000830622 false 0000830622 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares





Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d)
of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): May 31, 2023

Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
  100 Federal Street
Boston, Massachusetts
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code:  (617) 292-1000
Not Applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2 below):

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class Trading
  Name of Each Exchange
on Which Registered

Common Shares of beneficial interest


PIM   New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (CFR 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (CFR 240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.







Item 8.01 Other Events.


On May 31, 2023, Franklin Resources, Inc. (“Franklin Resources”) and Great-West Lifeco Inc., the parent company of Putnam U.S. Holdings I, LLC (“Putnam Holdings”), announced that they have entered into a definitive agreement for a subsidiary of Franklin Resources to acquire Putnam Holdings in a stock and cash transaction.


As part of this transaction, Putnam Investment Management, LLC (“Putnam Management”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Putnam Holdings and investment manager to the Putnam family of funds (the “Putnam Funds”), including Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust, would become an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Franklin Resources.


The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of applicable regulatory approvals. Subject to such approvals and the satisfaction of these conditions, the transaction is currently expected to be consummated in the fourth quarter of 2023.


Under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, consummation of the transaction will result in the automatic termination of the investment management contract between each Putnam Fund and Putnam Management and any related sub-management and sub-advisory contracts, where applicable. Therefore, the Board of Trustees of the Putnam Funds will be asked to approve a new investment management contract between each Putnam Fund and Putnam Management (and new sub-management and sub-advisory contracts, if applicable). If approved by the Board of Trustees, the new investment management contract will be presented to the shareholders of each Putnam Fund for their approval.







Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

  Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust

/s/ Jonathan S. Horwitz

    Jonathan S. Horwitz
Date:  May 31, 2023   Executive Vice President, Principal Executive Officer and Compliance Liaison


EX-101.SCH 2 mii-20230531.xsd XBRL SCHEMA FILE 00000001 - Document - Cover link:presentationLink link:calculationLink link:definitionLink EX-101.LAB 3 mii-20230531_lab.xml XBRL LABEL FILE Cover [Abstract] Document Type Amendment Flag Amendment Description Document Registration Statement Document Annual Report Document Quarterly Report Document Transition Report Document Shell Company Report Document Shell Company Event Date Document Period Start Date Document Period End Date Document Fiscal Period Focus Document Fiscal Year Focus Current Fiscal Year End Date Entity File Number Entity Registrant Name Entity Central Index Key Entity Primary SIC Number Entity Tax Identification Number Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code Entity Address, Address Line One Entity Address, Address Line Two Entity Address, Address Line Three Entity Address, City or Town Entity Address, State or Province Entity Address, Country Entity Address, Postal Zip Code Country Region City Area Code Local Phone Number Extension Written Communications Soliciting Material Pre-commencement Tender Offer Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer Title of 12(b) Security No Trading Symbol Flag Trading Symbol Security Exchange Name Title of 12(g) Security Security Reporting Obligation Annual Information Form Audited Annual Financial Statements Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Entity Voluntary Filers Entity Current Reporting Status Entity Interactive Data Current Entity Filer Category Entity Small Business Entity Emerging Growth Company Elected Not To Use the Extended Transition Period Document Accounting Standard Other Reporting Standard Item Number Entity Shell Company Entity Public Float Entity Bankruptcy Proceedings, Reporting Current Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding Documents Incorporated by Reference [Text Block] EX-101.PRE 4 mii-20230531_pre.xml XBRL PRESENTATION FILE XML 5 R1.htm IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT v3.23.1
May 31, 2023
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 8-K
Amendment Flag false
Document Period End Date May 31, 2023
Entity File Number 811-05498
Entity Registrant Name Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust
Entity Central Index Key 0000830622
Entity Tax Identification Number 04-6584465
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code MA
Entity Address, Address Line One 100 Federal Street
Entity Address, City or Town Boston
Entity Address, State or Province MA
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 02110
City Area Code (617) 292-1000
Local Phone Number 292-1000
Written Communications false
Soliciting Material false
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Shares of beneficial interest
Trading Symbol PIM
Security Exchange Name NYSE
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
XML 6 a_miit8k_htm.xml IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT 0000830622 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 iso4217:USD shares iso4217:USD shares 0000830622 false 8-K 2023-05-31 Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust MA 811-05498 04-6584465 100 Federal Street Boston MA 02110 (617) 292-1000 292-1000 false false false false Common Shares of beneficial interest PIM NYSE false EXCEL 7 Financial_Report.xlsx IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT begin 644 Financial_Report.xlsx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end XML 8 Show.js IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT // Edgar(tm) Renderer was created by staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Data and content created by government employees within the scope of their employment are not subject to domestic copyright protection. 17 U.S.C. 105. var Show={};Show.LastAR=null,Show.showAR=function(a,r,w){if(Show.LastAR)Show.hideAR();var e=a;while(e&&e.nodeName!='TABLE')e=e.nextSibling;if(!e||e.nodeName!='TABLE'){var ref=((window)?w.document:document).getElementById(r);if(ref){e=ref.cloneNode(!0); e.removeAttribute('id');a.parentNode.appendChild(e)}} if(e)e.style.display='block';Show.LastAR=e};Show.hideAR=function(){Show.LastAR.style.display='none'};Show.toggleNext=function(a){var e=a;while(e.nodeName!='DIV')e=e.nextSibling;if(!e.style){}else if(!e.style.display){}else{var d,p_;if(e.style.display=='none'){d='block';p='-'}else{d='none';p='+'} e.style.display=d;if(a.textContent){a.textContent=p+a.textContent.substring(1)}else{a.innerText=p+a.innerText.substring(1)}}} XML 9 report.css IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT /* Updated 2009-11-04 */ /* v2.2.0.24 */ /* DefRef Styles */ ..report table.authRefData{ background-color: #def; border: 2px solid #2F4497; font-size: 1em; position: absolute; } ..report table.authRefData a { display: block; font-weight: bold; } ..report table.authRefData p { margin-top: 0px; } ..report table.authRefData .hide { background-color: #2F4497; padding: 1px 3px 0px 0px; text-align: right; } ..report table.authRefData .hide a:hover { background-color: #2F4497; } ..report table.authRefData .body { height: 150px; overflow: auto; width: 400px; } ..report table.authRefData table{ font-size: 1em; } /* Report Styles */ ..pl a, .pl a:visited { color: black; text-decoration: none; } /* table */ ..report { background-color: white; border: 2px solid #acf; clear: both; color: black; font: normal 8pt Helvetica, Arial, san-serif; margin-bottom: 2em; } ..report hr { border: 1px solid #acf; } /* Top labels */ ..report th { background-color: #acf; color: black; font-weight: bold; text-align: center; } ..report th.void { background-color: transparent; color: #000000; font: bold 10pt Helvetica, Arial, san-serif; text-align: left; } ..report .pl { text-align: left; vertical-align: top; white-space: normal; width: 200px; white-space: normal; /* word-wrap: break-word; */ } ..report td.pl a.a { cursor: pointer; display: block; width: 200px; overflow: hidden; } ..report td.pl div.a { width: 200px; } ..report td.pl a:hover { background-color: #ffc; } /* Header rows... */ ..report tr.rh { background-color: #acf; color: black; font-weight: bold; } /* Calendars... */ ..report .rc { background-color: #f0f0f0; } /* Even rows... */ ..report .re, .report .reu { background-color: #def; } ..report .reu td { border-bottom: 1px solid black; } /* Odd rows... */ ..report .ro, .report .rou { background-color: white; } ..report .rou td { border-bottom: 1px solid black; } ..report .rou table td, .report .reu table td { border-bottom: 0px solid black; } /* styles for footnote marker */ ..report .fn { white-space: nowrap; } /* styles for numeric types */ ..report .num, .report .nump { text-align: right; white-space: nowrap; } ..report .nump { padding-left: 2em; } ..report .nump { padding: 0px 0.4em 0px 2em; } /* styles for text types */ ..report .text { text-align: left; white-space: normal; } ..report .text .big { margin-bottom: 1em; width: 17em; } ..report .text .more { display: none; } ..report .text .note { font-style: italic; font-weight: bold; } ..report .text .small { width: 10em; } ..report sup { font-style: italic; } ..report .outerFootnotes { font-size: 1em; } XML 10 FilingSummary.xml IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT 3.23.1 html 1 22 1 false 0 0 false 3 false false R1.htm 00000001 - Document - Cover Sheet http://putnam.com/role/Cover Cover Cover 1 false false All Reports Book All Reports a_miit8k.htm mii-20230531.xsd mii-20230531_lab.xml mii-20230531_pre.xml http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023 true false JSON 12 MetaLinks.json IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT { "instance": { "a_miit8k.htm": { "axisCustom": 0, "axisStandard": 0, "baseTaxonomies": { "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023": 22 }, "contextCount": 1, "dts": { "inline": { "local": [ "a_miit8k.htm" ] }, "labelLink": { "local": [ "mii-20230531_lab.xml" ] }, "presentationLink": { "local": [ "mii-20230531_pre.xml" ] }, "schema": { "local": [ "mii-20230531.xsd" ], "remote": [ "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/xbrl-instance-2003-12-31.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/xbrl-linkbase-2003-12-31.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/xl-2003-12-31.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/xlink-2003-12-31.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/2005/xbrldt-2005.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/2006/ref-2006-02-27.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/lrr/role/negated-2009-12-16.xsd", "http://www.xbrl.org/lrr/role/net-2009-12-16.xsd", "https://www.xbrl.org/2020/extensible-enumerations-2.0.xsd", "https://www.xbrl.org/dtr/type/2020-01-21/types.xsd", "https://www.xbrl.org/dtr/type/2022-03-31/types.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/srt/2023/elts/srt-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/srt/2023/elts/srt-roles-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/srt/2023/elts/srt-types-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/us-gaap/2023/elts/us-gaap-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/us-gaap/2023/elts/us-roles-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.fasb.org/us-gaap/2023/elts/us-types-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.sec.gov/country/2023/country-2023.xsd", "https://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023/dei-2023.xsd" ] } }, "elementCount": 59, "entityCount": 1, "hidden": { "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023": 2, "total": 2 }, "keyCustom": 0, "keyStandard": 22, "memberCustom": 0, "memberStandard": 0, "nsprefix": "MII", "nsuri": "http://putnam.com/20230531", "report": { "R1": { "firstAnchor": { "ancestors": [ "span", "span", "td", "tr", "table", "body", "html" ], "baseRef": "a_miit8k.htm", "contextRef": "From2023-05-31to2023-05-31", "decimals": null, "first": true, "lang": "en-US", "name": "dei:DocumentType", "reportCount": 1, "unique": true, "unitRef": null, "xsiNil": "false" }, "groupType": "document", "isDefault": "true", "longName": "00000001 - Document - Cover", "menuCat": "Cover", "order": "1", "role": "http://putnam.com/role/Cover", "shortName": "Cover", "subGroupType": "", "uniqueAnchor": { "ancestors": [ "span", "span", "td", "tr", "table", "body", "html" ], "baseRef": "a_miit8k.htm", "contextRef": "From2023-05-31to2023-05-31", "decimals": null, "first": true, "lang": "en-US", "name": "dei:DocumentType", "reportCount": 1, "unique": true, "unitRef": null, "xsiNil": "false" } } }, "segmentCount": 0, "tag": { "dei_AmendmentDescription": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Description of changes contained within amended document.", "label": "Amendment Description" } } }, "localname": "AmendmentDescription", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "stringItemType" }, "dei_AmendmentFlag": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the XBRL content amends previously-filed or accepted submission.", "label": "Amendment Flag" } } }, "localname": "AmendmentFlag", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_AnnualInformationForm": { "auth_ref": [ "r14" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag with value true on a form if it is an annual report containing an annual information form.", "label": "Annual Information Form" } } }, "localname": "AnnualInformationForm", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_AuditedAnnualFinancialStatements": { "auth_ref": [ "r14" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag with value true on a form if it is an annual report containing audited financial statements.", "label": "Audited Annual Financial Statements" } } }, "localname": "AuditedAnnualFinancialStatements", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_CityAreaCode": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Area code of city", "label": "City Area Code" } } }, "localname": "CityAreaCode", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_CountryRegion": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Region code of country", "label": "Country Region" } } }, "localname": "CountryRegion", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_CoverAbstract": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Cover page.", "label": "Cover [Abstract]" } } }, "localname": "CoverAbstract", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "xbrltype": "stringItemType" }, "dei_CurrentFiscalYearEndDate": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "End date of current fiscal year in the format --MM-DD.", "label": "Current Fiscal Year End Date" } } }, "localname": "CurrentFiscalYearEndDate", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "gMonthDayItemType" }, "dei_DocumentAccountingStandard": { "auth_ref": [ "r13" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing This can either be 'U.S. GAAP', 'International Financial Reporting Standards', or 'Other'.", "label": "Document Accounting Standard" } } }, "localname": "DocumentAccountingStandard", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "accountingStandardItemType" }, "dei_DocumentAnnualReport": { "auth_ref": [ "r11", "r13", "r14" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true only for a form used as an annual report.", "label": "Document Annual Report" } } }, "localname": "DocumentAnnualReport", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_DocumentFiscalPeriodFocus": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Fiscal period values are FY, Q1, Q2, and Q3. 1st, 2nd and 3rd quarter 10-Q or 10-QT statements have value Q1, Q2, and Q3 respectively, with 10-K, 10-KT or other fiscal year statements having FY.", "label": "Document Fiscal Period Focus" } } }, "localname": "DocumentFiscalPeriodFocus", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "fiscalPeriodItemType" }, "dei_DocumentFiscalYearFocus": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "This is focus fiscal year of the document report in YYYY format. For a 2006 annual report, which may also provide financial information from prior periods, fiscal 2006 should be given as the fiscal year focus. Example: 2006.", "label": "Document Fiscal Year Focus" } } }, "localname": "DocumentFiscalYearFocus", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "gYearItemType" }, "dei_DocumentPeriodEndDate": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "For the EDGAR submission types of Form 8-K: the date of the report, the date of the earliest event reported; for the EDGAR submission types of Form N-1A: the filing date; for all other submission types: the end of the reporting or transition period. The format of the date is YYYY-MM-DD.", "label": "Document Period End Date" } } }, "localname": "DocumentPeriodEndDate", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "dateItemType" }, "dei_DocumentPeriodStartDate": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The start date of the period covered in the document, in YYYY-MM-DD format.", "label": "Document Period Start Date" } } }, "localname": "DocumentPeriodStartDate", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "dateItemType" }, "dei_DocumentQuarterlyReport": { "auth_ref": [ "r12" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true only for a form used as an quarterly report.", "label": "Document Quarterly Report" } } }, "localname": "DocumentQuarterlyReport", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_DocumentRegistrationStatement": { "auth_ref": [ "r0" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true only for a form used as a registration statement.", "label": "Document Registration Statement" } } }, "localname": "DocumentRegistrationStatement", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_DocumentShellCompanyEventDate": { "auth_ref": [ "r13" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Date of event requiring a shell company report.", "label": "Document Shell Company Event Date" } } }, "localname": "DocumentShellCompanyEventDate", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "dateItemType" }, "dei_DocumentShellCompanyReport": { "auth_ref": [ "r13" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true for a Shell Company Report pursuant to section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.", "label": "Document Shell Company Report" } } }, "localname": "DocumentShellCompanyReport", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_DocumentTransitionReport": { "auth_ref": [ "r15" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true only for a form used as a transition report.", "label": "Document Transition Report" } } }, "localname": "DocumentTransitionReport", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_DocumentType": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The type of document being provided (such as 10-K, 10-Q, 485BPOS, etc). The document type is limited to the same value as the supporting SEC submission type, or the word 'Other'.", "label": "Document Type" } } }, "localname": "DocumentType", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "submissionTypeItemType" }, "dei_DocumentsIncorporatedByReferenceTextBlock": { "auth_ref": [ "r3" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Documents incorporated by reference.", "label": "Documents Incorporated by Reference [Text Block]" } } }, "localname": "DocumentsIncorporatedByReferenceTextBlock", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "textBlockItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressAddressLine1": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Address Line 1 such as Attn, Building Name, Street Name", "label": "Entity Address, Address Line One" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressAddressLine1", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressAddressLine2": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Address Line 2 such as Street or Suite number", "label": "Entity Address, Address Line Two" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressAddressLine2", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressAddressLine3": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Address Line 3 such as an Office Park", "label": "Entity Address, Address Line Three" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressAddressLine3", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressCityOrTown": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Name of the City or Town", "label": "Entity Address, City or Town" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressCityOrTown", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressCountry": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code.", "label": "Entity Address, Country" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressCountry", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "countryCodeItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressPostalZipCode": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Code for the postal or zip code", "label": "Entity Address, Postal Zip Code" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressPostalZipCode", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityAddressStateOrProvince": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Name of the state or province.", "label": "Entity Address, State or Province" } } }, "localname": "EntityAddressStateOrProvince", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "stateOrProvinceItemType" }, "dei_EntityBankruptcyProceedingsReportingCurrent": { "auth_ref": [ "r6" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "For registrants involved in bankruptcy proceedings during the preceding five years, the value Yes indicates that the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court; the value No indicates the registrant has not. Registrants not involved in bankruptcy proceedings during the preceding five years should not report this element.", "label": "Entity Bankruptcy Proceedings, Reporting Current" } } }, "localname": "EntityBankruptcyProceedingsReportingCurrent", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_EntityCentralIndexKey": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "A unique 10-digit SEC-issued value to identify entities that have filed disclosures with the SEC. It is commonly abbreviated as CIK.", "label": "Entity Central Index Key" } } }, "localname": "EntityCentralIndexKey", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "centralIndexKeyItemType" }, "dei_EntityCommonStockSharesOutstanding": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate number of shares or other units outstanding of each of registrant's classes of capital or common stock or other ownership interests, if and as stated on cover of related periodic report. Where multiple classes or units exist define each class/interest by adding class of stock items such as Common Class A [Member], Common Class B [Member] or Partnership Interest [Member] onto the Instrument [Domain] of the Entity Listings, Instrument.", "label": "Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding" } } }, "localname": "EntityCommonStockSharesOutstanding", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "sharesItemType" }, "dei_EntityCurrentReportingStatus": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate 'Yes' or 'No' whether registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrants were required to file such reports), and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. This information should be based on the registrant's current or most recent filing containing the related disclosure.", "label": "Entity Current Reporting Status" } } }, "localname": "EntityCurrentReportingStatus", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "yesNoItemType" }, "dei_EntityEmergingGrowthCompany": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate if registrant meets the emerging growth company criteria.", "label": "Entity Emerging Growth Company" } } }, "localname": "EntityEmergingGrowthCompany", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_EntityExTransitionPeriod": { "auth_ref": [ "r19" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate if an emerging growth company has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards.", "label": "Elected Not To Use the Extended Transition Period" } } }, "localname": "EntityExTransitionPeriod", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_EntityFileNumber": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Commission file number. The field allows up to 17 characters. The prefix may contain 1-3 digits, the sequence number may contain 1-8 digits, the optional suffix may contain 1-4 characters, and the fields are separated with a hyphen.", "label": "Entity File Number" } } }, "localname": "EntityFileNumber", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "fileNumberItemType" }, "dei_EntityFilerCategory": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate whether the registrant is one of the following: Large Accelerated Filer, Accelerated Filer, Non-accelerated Filer. Definitions of these categories are stated in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. This information should be based on the registrant's current or most recent filing containing the related disclosure.", "label": "Entity Filer Category" } } }, "localname": "EntityFilerCategory", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "filerCategoryItemType" }, "dei_EntityIncorporationStateCountryCode": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Two-character EDGAR code representing the state or country of incorporation.", "label": "Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code" } } }, "localname": "EntityIncorporationStateCountryCode", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "edgarStateCountryItemType" }, "dei_EntityInteractiveDataCurrent": { "auth_ref": [ "r16" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).", "label": "Entity Interactive Data Current" } } }, "localname": "EntityInteractiveDataCurrent", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "yesNoItemType" }, "dei_EntityPrimarySicNumber": { "auth_ref": [ "r14" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Primary Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Number for the Entity.", "label": "Entity Primary SIC Number" } } }, "localname": "EntityPrimarySicNumber", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "sicNumberItemType" }, "dei_EntityPublicFloat": { "auth_ref": [], "crdr": "credit", "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter.", "label": "Entity Public Float" } } }, "localname": "EntityPublicFloat", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "monetaryItemType" }, "dei_EntityRegistrantName": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The exact name of the entity filing the report as specified in its charter, which is required by forms filed with the SEC.", "label": "Entity Registrant Name" } } }, "localname": "EntityRegistrantName", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_EntityShellCompany": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.", "label": "Entity Shell Company" } } }, "localname": "EntityShellCompany", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_EntitySmallBusiness": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicates that the company is a Smaller Reporting Company (SRC).", "label": "Entity Small Business" } } }, "localname": "EntitySmallBusiness", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_EntityTaxIdentificationNumber": { "auth_ref": [ "r2" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "The Tax Identification Number (TIN), also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN), is a unique 9-digit value assigned by the IRS.", "label": "Entity Tax Identification Number" } } }, "localname": "EntityTaxIdentificationNumber", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "employerIdItemType" }, "dei_EntityVoluntaryFilers": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate 'Yes' or 'No' if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.", "label": "Entity Voluntary Filers" } } }, "localname": "EntityVoluntaryFilers", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "yesNoItemType" }, "dei_EntityWellKnownSeasonedIssuer": { "auth_ref": [ "r17" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Indicate 'Yes' or 'No' if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Is used on Form Type: 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K, 20-F, 6-K, 10-K/A, 10-Q/A, 20-F/A, 6-K/A, N-CSR, N-Q, N-1A.", "label": "Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer" } } }, "localname": "EntityWellKnownSeasonedIssuer", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "yesNoItemType" }, "dei_Extension": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Extension number for local phone number.", "label": "Extension" } } }, "localname": "Extension", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_LocalPhoneNumber": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Local phone number for entity.", "label": "Local Phone Number" } } }, "localname": "LocalPhoneNumber", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "normalizedStringItemType" }, "dei_NoTradingSymbolFlag": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true only for a security having no trading symbol.", "label": "No Trading Symbol Flag" } } }, "localname": "NoTradingSymbolFlag", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "trueItemType" }, "dei_OtherReportingStandardItemNumber": { "auth_ref": [ "r13" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "\"Item 17\" or \"Item 18\" specified when the basis of accounting is neither US GAAP nor IFRS.", "label": "Other Reporting Standard Item Number" } } }, "localname": "OtherReportingStandardItemNumber", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "otherReportingStandardItemNumberItemType" }, "dei_PreCommencementIssuerTenderOffer": { "auth_ref": [ "r7" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the Form 8-K filing is intended to satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant as pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act.", "label": "Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer" } } }, "localname": "PreCommencementIssuerTenderOffer", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_PreCommencementTenderOffer": { "auth_ref": [ "r8" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the Form 8-K filing is intended to satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant as pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act.", "label": "Pre-commencement Tender Offer" } } }, "localname": "PreCommencementTenderOffer", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_Security12bTitle": { "auth_ref": [ "r1" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Title of a 12(b) registered security.", "label": "Title of 12(b) Security" } } }, "localname": "Security12bTitle", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "securityTitleItemType" }, "dei_Security12gTitle": { "auth_ref": [ "r5" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Title of a 12(g) registered security.", "label": "Title of 12(g) Security" } } }, "localname": "Security12gTitle", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "securityTitleItemType" }, "dei_SecurityExchangeName": { "auth_ref": [ "r4" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Name of the Exchange on which a security is registered.", "label": "Security Exchange Name" } } }, "localname": "SecurityExchangeName", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "edgarExchangeCodeItemType" }, "dei_SecurityReportingObligation": { "auth_ref": [ "r9" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "15(d), indicating whether the security has a reporting obligation under that section of the Exchange Act.", "label": "Security Reporting Obligation" } } }, "localname": "SecurityReportingObligation", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "securityReportingObligationItemType" }, "dei_SolicitingMaterial": { "auth_ref": [ "r10" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the Form 8-K filing is intended to satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant as soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act.", "label": "Soliciting Material" } } }, "localname": "SolicitingMaterial", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" }, "dei_TradingSymbol": { "auth_ref": [], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Trading symbol of an instrument as listed on an exchange.", "label": "Trading Symbol" } } }, "localname": "TradingSymbol", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "tradingSymbolItemType" }, "dei_WrittenCommunications": { "auth_ref": [ "r18" ], "lang": { "en-us": { "role": { "documentation": "Boolean flag that is true when the Form 8-K filing is intended to satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant as written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act.", "label": "Written Communications" } } }, "localname": "WrittenCommunications", "nsuri": "http://xbrl.sec.gov/dei/2023", "presentation": [ "http://putnam.com/role/Cover" ], "xbrltype": "booleanItemType" } }, "unitCount": 3 } }, "std_ref": { "r0": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r1": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "Subsection": "b", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r10": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "14a", "Subsection": "12", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r11": { "Name": "Form 10-K", "Number": "249", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "310", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r12": { "Name": "Form 10-Q", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "308", "Subsection": "a", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r13": { "Name": "Form 20-F", "Number": "249", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "220", "Subsection": "f", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r14": { "Name": "Form 40-F", "Number": "249", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "240", "Subsection": "f", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r15": { "Name": "Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 20-F", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "13", "Subsection": "a-1", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r16": { "Name": "Regulation S-T", "Number": "232", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "405", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r17": { "Name": "Securities Act", "Number": "230", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "405", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r18": { "Name": "Securities Act", "Number": "230", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "425", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r19": { "Name": "Securities Act", "Number": "7A", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "B", "Subsection": "2", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r2": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "Subsection": "b-2", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r3": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "Subsection": "b-23", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r4": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "Subsection": "d1-1", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r5": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12", "Subsection": "g", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r6": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "12, 13, 15d", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r7": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "13e", "Subsection": "4c", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r8": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "14d", "Subsection": "2b", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" }, "r9": { "Name": "Exchange Act", "Number": "240", "Publisher": "SEC", "Section": "15", "Subsection": "d", "role": "http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef" } }, "version": "2.2" } ZIP 13 0000928816-23-000735-xbrl.zip IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT begin 644 0000928816-23-000735-xbrl.zip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