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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to  .     
Commission file number: 000-20557
 
blackandwhiteandelogoa01.jpg
THE ANDERSONS, INC.
(Exact name of the registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Ohio34-1562374
(State of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1947 Briarfield Boulevard
MaumeeOhio43537
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(419) 893-5050
(Telephone Number)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class: Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock, $0.00 par value, $0.01 stated value ANDE The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ý No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨ No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filerýAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ý
The aggregate market value of the registrant's voting stock which may be voted by persons other than affiliates of the registrant was $1,467.8 million as of June 30, 2023, computed by reference to the last sales price for such stock on that date as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market. The registrant had 33,832,276 common shares outstanding, no par value, at February 9, 2024.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 9, 2024, are incorporated by reference into Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.


Table of Contents
THE ANDERSONS, INC.
Table of Contents
 
 Page No.
PART I.
PART II.
PART III.
PART IV.



Table of Contents

Part I.

Item 1. Business

Company Overview

The Andersons, Inc. (the "Company") is a diversified company rooted in agriculture. Founded in Maumee, Ohio in 1947, the Company is a significant player in the North American agricultural supply chain and conducts its business in the trade, renewables, and nutrient & industrial sectors.

Segment Descriptions

The Company's operations are classified into three reportable business segments: Trade, Renewables, and Nutrient & Industrial. Each of these segments is organized based upon the nature of products and services offered and aligns with the management structure. See Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for information regarding business segments.

Trade

The Trade segment is a diversified business focusing on capturing profits through merchandising and managing logistics across a wide range of commodities. The segment specializes in the movement of physical commodities such as: whole grains, grain products, feed ingredients and domestic fuel products among other agricultural commodities. The Company has a broad geographic footprint with a diversified portfolio of physical commodities, although the principal commodities sold by the Company are corn, wheat and soybeans. Exported commodity sales are made both through intermediaries and direct shipments to foreign countries.

Trade also operates grain elevators across the United States and Canada where income is earned on commodities bought and sold through the elevator, commodities that are purchased and conditioned for resale, and commodities that are held in inventory until a future period, earning an elevation margin. Elevation margins consist of appreciation in the basis value of commodities held, which represents the difference between the cash price of a commodity in one of the Company's facilities and an exchange traded futures price (“basis”); appreciation or depreciation between different futures exchange contract months (“spread”); and commodities stored for others upon which storage fees are earned. The segment's asset-based grain handling business is seasonal in nature in that the largest portion of the principal grains are harvested and delivered from the farm and commercial elevators typically in July for wheat and September through November for corn and soybeans; however, depending on market conditions a significant portion of the principal grains may also be bought, sold and handled throughout the year.

Fixed price purchase and sale commitments as well as commodities held in inventory, expose the Company to risks related to adverse changes in market prices. Grain prices are typically comprised of two components, futures prices on regulated commodity exchanges and local basis adjustments. The Company manages the futures price risk by entering into exchange-traded futures and option contracts with regulated commodity exchanges. These regulated commodity exchanges maintain futures markets for the grains merchandised by the Company. Futures prices are determined by worldwide supply and demand. The business also offers a number of unique grain marketing, risk management and origination services to its customers and affiliated ethanol facilities for which it collects fees.

The Company competes in the sale of commodities with other public and private grain brokers, elevator operators and farmer owned cooperative elevators. Some of the Company's competitors are also its customers. Competition is based primarily on price, service and reliability. Because the Company often buys in smaller lots, its competition for the purchase of commodities is generally local or regional in scope, although there are some large national and international companies that maintain regional grain purchase and storage facilities. Significant portions of grain bushels purchased and sold are made using forward contracts.

Renewables

The Renewables segment produces, purchases and sells ethanol and co-products, offers facility operations, and provides risk management and marketing services to the ethanol plants it invests and operates in. The segment demonstrates an expertise in ethanol plant management, logistics and commercialization of ethanol and co-products with a focus on leading the industry in margins per bushel. The business leverages partnerships, which are discussed in further detail below, to expand market knowledge and shared technology across its plants. The segment also operates a merchandising and trade portfolio of ethanol, ethanol co-products and other biofuels, such as renewable feedstocks.

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The Company owns a 50.1% interest in The Andersons Marathon Holdings LLC ("TAMH") and Marathon Petroleum Corporation ("Marathon") owns the remaining 49.9% interest. TAMH is comprised of four ethanol plants located in Iowa, Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio. These plants have a combined nameplate capacity of 405 million gallons but have a history of outperforming the nameplate capacity. The Company operates these facilities under a management contract, provides corn origination, ethanol marketing, and risk management services. The Company fully consolidates TAMH's results in the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company also owned 51% of ELEMENT, LLC ("ELEMENT") and ICM, Inc. ("ICM") owned the remaining 49% interest. ELEMENT is comprised of a 70 million-gallon-per-year bio-refinery in Kansas. The Company had acted as the manager of the facility, responsibilities which were assumed per the Management Services Agreement dated January 1, 2021, and ELEMENT was concluded to be a variable interest entity ("VIE") and had been consolidated within the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements. On April 18, 2023, ELEMENT was placed into receivership and a receiver was appointed, which took possession and control of the rights and interests of ELEMENT. With this appointment, while retaining its investment in ELEMENT, the Company ceased to have a controlling financial interest and was no longer deemed to be the primary beneficiary in the subsidiary. Accordingly, the Company deconsolidated ELEMENT at that time and began accounting for the subsidiary as an equity method investment. Substantially all of the ELEMENT's assets were sold on January 31, 2024, see Note 19 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

Nutrient & Industrial

The Nutrient & Industrial segment (formerly the Plant Nutrient Segment) is a manufacturer, distributor and retailer of agricultural and related plant nutrients, liquid industrial products, corncob-based products, pelleted lime and gypsum products, and various turf fertilizer, pesticide and herbicide products.

In its Nutrient & Industrial business, the Company competes with regional and local cooperatives, wholesalers and retailers, predominantly publicly owned manufacturers and privately-owned retailers, wholesalers and importers. Some of these competitors are also suppliers. Competition in the nutrient business is based largely on depth of product offering, price, location and service. Sales of agricultural nutrients and turf related products are heaviest in the spring and fall.

The segment is organized into the three divisions listed below:

Ag Supply Chain - The Ag Supply Chain division provides wholesale nutrients and farm services focused primarily in the Eastern Grain belt. The wholesale nutrients business formulates, stores and distributes dry and liquid agricultural nutrients, pelleted lime, gypsum and soil amendments. The major nutrient products are typically bought and sold as commodities. The farm centers offer a variety of essential crop nutrients, crop protection chemicals and seed products in addition to application and agronomic services to commercial and family farmers.

Engineered Granules - The Engineered Granules division manufactures and distributes proprietary professional lawn care products that are primarily sold into the golf course and professional turf care markets, serving both U.S. and international customers. The Company also performs contract manufacturing services to formulated and packaged fertilizer and weed and pest control products to various markets. It also manufactures value add soil amendments sold into agricultural and turf markets. Additionally, corncob-based products are manufactured for a variety of uses including laboratory animal bedding and private-label cat litter, as well as absorbents, blast cleaners, carriers and polishers. The principal sources for corncobs are seed corn producers. The products are distributed throughout the U.S. and international markets.

Specialty Liquids - The Specialty Liquids division manufactures and distributes a broad range of fertilizers, micronutrients, and soil amendments. The business has a diverse portfolio of specialty products which support more sustainable farming practices and command higher margins. The division is also a manufacturer and distributor of industrial products throughout the U.S. and Puerto Rico including nitrogen reagents, calcium nitrate, deicers, and dust abatement products.

Other

The Company's “Other” activities include corporate income, a small corporate venture fund and the cost for functions that provide support and services to the operating segments. The results include expenses and benefits not allocated to the operating segments and other elimination and consolidation adjustments.



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Human Capital Resources and Management

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had a total of 2,334 employees across its Trade, Renewables and Nutrient & Industrial segments and Corporate Services function. This total was comprised of 982 salary, 1,277 hourly and 75 seasonal employees who conducted work at 122 locations across the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Mexico, Romania and Singapore. Sixty-seven of the Company’s locations included less than 10 employees.

Recruiting: The Company aims to attract the best talent to sustain our ongoing success and this is a key aspect of succession planning across the Company. Talent acquisition efforts target both internal and external candidates. The Company advertises opportunities on large online job boards, state job boards and various targeted diversity job boards, as well as geographically specific media channels. It also engages in campus recruiting efforts for entry level professional talent, internships and professional development programs. The Company strives to find candidates within its geographic footprint to generate a diverse talent pool. It believes that a diverse workforce with a range of experiences and perspectives is a significant driver of sustainable innovation and growth.
Focus on Safety: Maintaining a high standard of employee safety is paramount to the Company’s core values. Systems and technology have been implemented to support the Company’s safety culture, maintain a safe working environment and foster personal accountability. As a part of our employee onboarding process, employees are required to complete core safety courses. A yearly training calendar is followed to ensure timely completion of annual safety training. The Company's safety program stays current on real-time concerns using anonymous employee surveys to confirm the effectiveness of the program. The program also focuses on identifying and focusing on high-risk work that has the potential of causing serious injury or fatality.
Employee Engagement: The Company maintains an open-door policy that encourages candid conversations between employees and any level of leadership about job-related concerns without fear of reprisal. It regularly solicits employee feedback through informal pulse surveys and formal engagement surveys. It also communicates with employees on a weekly, monthly and quarterly basis through electronic newsletters, town halls, its intranet site and small group meetings with the Chief Executive Officer.
Talent Development: The Company values our investment in growing and retaining highly skilled talent. The Company aims to provide all of its employees with regular feedback to support their growth and development. It offers several resources to help employees expand their business knowledge and leadership skills, including merchandising and finance development programs. It hosts a Foundations of Leadership training course to newly appointed supervisors. It also offers a learning management system which houses numerous online courses, videos, audiobooks and podcasts that are available to all employees on demand and provides for thousands of continuing education credits for various professional certifications. Additionally, several in-person trainings are led by internal staff.
Health and Wellness: The Company partners with a wellness vendor to offer a comprehensive healthy lifestyles program to employees and their spouses. The program uses rewards and incentives to encourage participants to take the necessary steps to manage their health and wellness goals. The program offers a prediabetes program, personal e-coaching with a licensed health professional and financial wellness webinars.
Compensation and Benefits: The Company offers market competitive employee compensation and benefits programs. Benefits include health care benefits, dental and vision benefits, disability and life insurance coverages and other a la carte voluntary benefit offerings. Company leave policies include domestic and sexual violence leave, family and medical leave, parental leave and military leave.
Community Involvement: The Company believes strongly in sharing its time, talent and financial resources to help improve and sustain the quality of life in its communities. It has contributed a portion of its operating income to community organizations every year since its founding in 1947. The Company also encourages employees to share their time and gifts through volunteerism, participation in its annual workplace giving campaign and gift match program.


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Government Regulation

The Company, like other companies engaged in similar businesses, is subject to a multitude of federal, state, foreign and local environmental protection laws and regulations including, but not limited to, laws and regulations relating to air quality, water quality, pesticides and hazardous materials. The provisions of these various regulations could require modifications of certain of the Company's existing facilities and could restrict the expansion of future facilities or significantly increase the cost of operations. Compliance with environmental laws and regulations did not materially affect the Company's earnings or competitive position in 2023. In each of the countries in which we operate, we are subject to a variety of laws and regulations governing various aspects of our business, including general business regulations as well as those governing the manufacturing, handling, storage, transport, marketing and sale of our products. These include laws and regulations relating to facility licensing and permitting, food and feed safety, the handling and production of regulated substances, nutritional and labeling requirements, global trade compliance and other matters.

Grain sold by the Company must conform to official grade standards imposed under a federal system of grain grading and inspection administered by the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”). The production levels, markets and prices of the grains that the Company merchandises are affected by United States government programs, which include acreage control and price support programs of the USDA. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) has developed bioterrorism prevention regulations for food facilities, which require that the Company registers its grain operations with the FDA, provide prior notice of any imports of food or other agricultural commodities coming into the United States and maintain records to be made available upon request that identifies the immediate previous sources and immediate subsequent recipients of its grain commodities. Failure to comply with the laws and regulations of the FDA or similar state agencies could prevent us from selling certain of our products or subject us to liability.

In regard to our investments in ethanol production facilities, we follow standards implemented by the Renewable Fuel Standard ("RFS") and Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"). We obtain and maintain various environmental permits to operate our plants and other facilities. Legislation and regulatory rule making at the federal, state, and international level can impact us. Based on the standards, much of the blending is done to meet the RFS standard by adding 10% ethanol. Blending fuel-grade ethanol into gasoline is one means of reducing carbon intensity of transportation fuels.

We employ maintenance and operations personnel at each of our plants. In addition to the attention we place on the health and safety of our employees, the operations of our facilities are regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”).

Available Information

The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Sections 13(a) and 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Company is subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act and files or furnishes reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Such reports and other information filed by the Company with the SEC are available free of charge at https://investors.andersonsinc.com/SEC-filings when such reports are available on the SEC’s website. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov. The Company periodically provides other information for investors on its corporate website, www.andersonsinc.com, and its investor relations website, https://investors.andersonsinc.com/home. This includes press releases and other information about financial performance, information on corporate governance and details related to the Company’s annual meeting of shareholders. The information contained on the websites referenced in this Form 10-K is not incorporated by reference into this filing. Further, the Company’s website references above are intended to be inactive textual references only.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The Company's operations are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in this Form 10-K and could have a material adverse impact on the financial results of the Company. The risks described below are not the only risks facing the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or currently viewed to be immaterial may also materially and adversely affect business, financial condition or results of operations. These risks can be impacted by factors beyond management's control. The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating the Company and the forward-looking statements contained elsewhere in this Form 10-K.


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Risks Related to our Business and Industry

Our business is affected by the supply and demand of commodities and is sensitive to factors outside of our control. Adverse price movements could negatively affect our profitability and results of operations.

Our Trade, Renewables and Nutrient & Industrial businesses buy, sell and hold inventories of agricultural input and output commodities, some of which are readily traded on commodity futures exchanges. Unfavorable weather conditions, both local and worldwide, as well as other factors beyond our control, can affect the supply and demand of these commodities and expose us to liquidity pressures to finance hedges in the commodity business in rapidly rising markets. In our Nutrient & Industrial business, changes in the supply and demand of these commodities can also affect the value of inventories that we hold, as well as the price of raw materials as we are unable to effectively hedge these commodities. Increased costs of inventory and prices of raw material would decrease our profit margins and adversely affect our results of operations.

Corn - The principal raw material used to produce ethanol and co-products is corn. As a result, an increase in the price of corn in the absence of a corresponding increase in petroleum-based fuel prices will typically decrease ethanol margins thus adversely affecting financial results in the Renewables segment. At certain levels, the relationship between corn and petroleum-based fuel prices may make ethanol uneconomical to produce for fuel markets. The price of corn is influenced by weather conditions and other factors affecting crop yields, shifts in acreage allocated to corn versus other major crops and general economic and regulatory factors. These factors include government policies and subsidies with respect to agriculture and international trade, and global and local supply and demand. The significance and relative effect of these factors on the price of corn is difficult to predict. Any event that tends to negatively affect the supply of corn, such as adverse weather or crop disease, could increase corn prices and adversely impact income. In addition, we may also have difficulty, from time to time, in physically sourcing corn on economical terms due to supply shortages. High costs or shortages could require us to suspend ethanol operations until corn is available on economical terms, which would have an adverse effect on operating results.

Commodities - While we manage the risk associated with agricultural commodity price changes for our commodity inventory positions with derivative instruments, including purchase and sale contracts, we are unable to offset 100% of the price risk of each transaction due to timing, availability of futures and options contracts and third-party non-performance risk. Furthermore, there is a risk that the derivatives we employ will not be effective in offsetting all of the risks that we are trying to manage. This can happen when the derivative and the underlying value of grain inventories and purchase and sale contracts are not perfectly correlated. Our commodity derivatives, for example, do not perfectly correlate with the basis component of our commodity inventory and contracts. Differences can reflect time periods, locations or product forms. Although the basis component is smaller and generally less volatile than the futures component of our grain market price, basis moves on a large commodity position can significantly impact the profitability of the Company.

Our futures, options and over-the-counter contracts are subject to margin calls. If there are large movements in the commodities market, we could be required to post significant levels of margin deposits, which would impact our liquidity. There is no assurance that the efforts we have taken to mitigate the impact of the volatility of the prices of commodities upon which we rely will be successful and any sudden change in the price of these commodities could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Natural gas - We rely on third parties for our supply of natural gas, which is consumed in the drying of wet grain, manufacturing of certain lawn products, pelleted lime and gypsum, and manufacturing of ethanol. The prices for and availability of natural gas are subject to market conditions. These market conditions often are affected by factors beyond our control such as higher prices resulting from colder than average weather and overall economic conditions. Significant disruptions in the supply of natural gas could impact the operations of the Company's facilities. Furthermore, increases in natural gas prices or changes in our natural gas costs relative to natural gas costs paid by competitors may adversely affect future results of operations and financial position.

Gasoline and oil - We market ethanol as a fuel additive to reduce vehicle emissions from gasoline, as an octane enhancer to improve the octane rating of gasoline with which it is blended and as a substitute for petroleum-based gasoline. As a result, ethanol prices will be influenced by the supply and demand for gasoline and oil and our future results of operations and financial position may be adversely affected if gasoline and oil demand or prices decline substantially.

Potash, phosphate and nitrogen - Raw materials used by the Nutrient & Industrial business include potash, phosphate and nitrogen, for which prices can be volatile and are driven by global and local supply and demand factors. Significant increases in the price of these commodities may result in lower customer demand and higher than optimal inventory levels. In contrast, reductions in the price of these commodities may create lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments to inventories.

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Some of our business segments operate in highly regulated industries. Changes in government regulations or trade association policies could adversely affect our results of operations.

Many of our business segments are subject to government regulation and regulation by certain private sector associations, compliance with which can impose significant costs on our business. Other regulations are applicable generally to all our businesses and corporate functions, including, without limitation, those promulgated under the Internal Revenue Code, the Affordable Care Act, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act and other employment and health care related laws, federal and state securities laws, and the U.S. Patriot Act. Failure to comply with such regulations can result in additional costs, fines or criminal action.

A significant part of our operations is regulated by environmental laws and regulations, including those governing the labeling, use, storage, discharge and disposal of hazardous materials. Because we use and handle hazardous substances in our businesses, changes in environmental requirements or an unanticipated significant adverse environmental event could have an adverse effect on our business. We cannot assure that we have been, or will at all times be, in compliance with all environmental requirements, or that we will not incur costs or liabilities in connection with these requirements. Private parties, including current and former employees, could bring personal injury or other claims against us due to the presence of, or exposure to, hazardous substances used, stored or disposed of by us, or contained in our products. We are also exposed to residual risk because some of the facilities and land which we have acquired may have environmental liabilities arising from their prior use. In addition, changes to environmental regulations may require us to modify our existing plant and processing facilities which could significantly increase the cost of those operations.

Trade and Renewables - In our Trade and Renewables businesses, agricultural production and trade flows can be affected by government programs and legislation. Production levels, markets and prices of the commodities we merchandise can be affected by U.S. government programs, which include acreage controls and price support programs administered by the USDA and required levels of ethanol in gasoline through the Renewable Fuel Standards as administered by the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"). Other examples of government policies that can have an impact on our business include tariffs, taxes, duties, subsidies, import and export restrictions, outright embargoes and price controls on agricultural commodities. Because a portion of our commodity sales are to exporters, the imposition of export restrictions and other foreign countries' regulations could limit our sales opportunities and create additional credit risk associated with export brokers if shipments are rejected at their destination.

International trade disputes can adversely affect agricultural commodity trade flows by limiting or disrupting trade between countries or regions. Trade disputes can lead to the implementing of tariffs on commodities in which we merchandise or otherwise use in our operations. This can lead to significant volatility in commodity prices, disruptions in historical trade flows and shifts in planting patterns in the Company's geographic footprint, which would present challenges and uncertainties for our business. The imposition of new tariffs or uncertainty around future tariff levels can cause significant fluctuations in the futures and basis levels of agricultural commodities, impacting our earnings. We cannot predict the effects that future trade policy or the terms of any negotiated trade agreements and their impact on our business.

Nutrient & Industrial - Our Nutrient & Industrial business manufactures certain agricultural nutrients and uses potentially hazardous materials. All products containing pesticides, fungicides and herbicides must be registered with the EPA and state regulatory bodies before they can be sold. The inability to obtain or the cancellation of such registrations could have an adverse impact on our business. In the past, regulations governing the use and registration of these materials have required us to adjust the raw material content of our products and make formulation changes. Future regulatory changes may have similar consequences. Regulatory agencies, such as the EPA, may at any time reassess the safety of our products based on new scientific knowledge or other factors. If it were determined that any of our products were no longer considered to be safe, it could result in the amendment or withdrawal of existing approvals, which, in turn, could result in a loss of revenue, cause our inventory to become obsolete or give rise to potential lawsuits against us. Consequently, changes in existing and future government or trade association polices may restrict our ability to do business and have an adverse impact on the Company's financial results.


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We are required to carry significant amounts of inventory across all of our businesses. If a substantial portion of our inventory becomes damaged or obsolete, its value would decrease, and have an adverse impact on the Company's financial results.

We are exposed to the risk of a decrease in the value of our inventories due to a variety of circumstances in all of our businesses. For example, within our Trade and Renewables businesses, there is the risk that the quality of our inventory could deteriorate due to damage, moisture, insects, disease or foreign material. If the quality of our inventory were to deteriorate below an acceptable level, the value of our inventory could decrease significantly. In our Nutrient & Industrial business, planted acreage, and consequently the volume of fertilizer and crop protection products applied, is partially dependent upon government programs and the producer's perception of demand. Technological advances in agriculture, such as genetically engineered seeds that resist disease and insects, or that meet certain nutritional requirements, could also affect the demand for our crop nutrients and crop protection products. Either of these factors could render some of our inventory obsolete or reduce its value.

Our indebtedness could negatively affect our financial condition, decrease our liquidity and impair our ability to operate the business.

If cash on hand is insufficient to pay our obligations or margin calls as they come due at a time when we are unable to draw on our credit facility, it could have an adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business. Our ability to make payments on and to refinance our indebtedness will depend on our ability to generate cash in the future. Our ability to generate cash is dependent on various factors. These factors include general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. Certain of our long-term borrowings include provisions that require minimum levels of working capital and equity and impose limitations on additional debt. Our ability to satisfy these provisions can be affected by events beyond our control, such as the demand for and the fluctuating price of commodities. Noncompliance with these provisions could result in default and acceleration of long-term debt payments.

We face increasing competition and pricing pressure from other companies in our industries. If we are unable to compete effectively with these companies, our sales and profit margins would decrease, and our earnings and cash flows would be adversely affected.

The markets for our products in each of our business segments are highly competitive. While we have substantial operations in certain of the regions where we operate, some of our competitors are significantly larger, compete in wider markets, have greater purchasing power, and have considerably larger financial resources. We also may enter into new markets where our brand is not recognized and in which we do not have an established customer base. Competitive pressures in all of our businesses could affect the price of, and customer demand for, our products, thereby negatively impacting our profit margins and resulting in a loss of market share.

Our Trade and Renewables businesses use derivative contracts to reduce the impact of volatility in the commodity markets. Non-performance by the counterparties to those contracts could adversely affect our future results of operations and financial position.

A significant number of purchases and sales within the Trade and Renewables segments are made through forward contracting, much of which includes a natural back-to-back hedging relationship. In addition, the Company uses exchange traded and, to a lesser degree, over-the-counter contracts to further reduce volatility in changing commodity prices. A significant adverse change in commodity prices could cause a counterparty of one or more of our derivative contracts to not perform on its obligation.


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We face increasing exposure to country risk in countries that face financial, political, and economic unrest through unsecured credit, inventory, forward contract risk or payment origination that could adversely affect our future results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.

With our 2021 launch of the Company’s Switzerland merchandising business, we have increased our international supply chain operations and exposure. With the increased international presence comes additional country risk through trade flows around the globe with direct exposure to the counterparty, via contract mark-to-market exposure, unsecured accounts receivable or inventory in the country. In certain areas in which we trade (both origination and destination) country risk is more prevalent given the country’s political and/or economic situations like Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The addition of purchases and sales of grain in vessel sized quantities to support the Switzerland-based businesses increases the size and potential severity of our country risk. Additionally, there could be a rapid increase in interest rates creating difficulty for our counterparties to access U.S. dollars making it difficult to collect accounts receivable timely. We have engaged third parties to provide assessments of country risk and business ratings driven by economic indicators. We also have established counterparty credit limits and various monitoring agreements. Additionally, we have a diverse customer base, so we have the ability to divert cargo in transit to another counterparty, country, or region to limit the exposure of a material financial loss.

Our business involves considerable safety risks. Significant unexpected costs and liabilities would have an adverse effect on our profitability and overall financial position.

Due to the nature of some of the businesses in which we operate, we are exposed to significant operational hazards such as grain dust explosions, fires, malfunction of equipment, abnormal pressures, blowouts, pipeline and tank ruptures, chemical spills or run-off, transportation accidents, and natural disasters. Some of these operational hazards may cause personal injury or loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment or environmental damage and may result in suspension of operations and the imposition of civil or criminal penalties. If grain dust were to explode at one of our elevators, if an ethanol plant were to explode or catch fire, or if one of our pieces of equipment were to fail or malfunction due to an accident or improper maintenance, it could put our employees and others at serious risk.

We own several aging assets that require regular assessment and continual investments in maintenance capital. If we experience catastrophic damage to our facilities due to structural integrity, this could result in disruptions to operations, potential safety incidents and losses not covered by insurance.

The Company has several aging assets that require continual maintenance to remain reliable and safe to operate. Mitigating asset structural integrity risk is critical to avoid property damage claims, business interruptions, and injuries. Engineers undertake inspections of assets regularly and based on the nature of our business there are some heightened risks. For example, risk of bin failures and fires in bins are mitigated by exercising caution with moving grain and controlling temperatures, respectively. We also have an increased focus on safety and training employees to be able to identify potential safety and asset integrity issues. We also are undergoing capital spending allocations to ensure that proper maintenance can occur timely. To help mitigate losses in the event of a claim, we are insured under inventory, property, liability and business interruption policies. However, these policies are subject to deductibles and certain limits. Although we believe we have appropriate levels of insurance to cover material losses, if we continue to experience insurable claims, our annual insurance premiums could increase, and some insurance carriers may cease to cover us. Obtaining adequate insurance at that point could have additional costs and lesser coverage. Then, the occurrence of a claim, could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, financial condition and results of operations.

Adverse weather conditions, including as a result of climate change, may adversely affect the availability, quality and price of agricultural commodities and agricultural commodity products, as well as our operations and operating results.

Adverse weather conditions have historically caused volatility in the agricultural commodity industry and consequently in our operating results by causing crop failures or significantly reduced harvests, which may affect the supply and pricing of the agricultural commodities that we sell and use in our business, reduce demand for our fertilizer products and negatively affect the creditworthiness of agricultural producers who do business with us. A significant portion of the Company's assets are exposed to conditions in the Eastern Grain Belt. In this region, adverse weather during the fertilizer application, planting, and harvest seasons can have negative impacts on our Trade, Renewables and Nutrient & Industrial businesses. Higher basis levels or adverse crop conditions in the Eastern Grain Belt can increase the input costs or lower the market value of our products relative to other market participants that do not have the same geographic concentration.


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Additionally, the potential physical impacts of climate change are uncertain and may vary by region. These potential effects could include changes in rainfall patterns, water shortages, changing sea levels, changing storm patterns and intensities, and changing temperature levels that could adversely impact our costs and business operations, the location, costs and competitiveness of agricultural commodity production and related storage and processing facilities and the supply and demand for agricultural commodities. These effects could be material to our results of operations, liquidity or capital resources.

The Company faces risks related to international conflicts, acts of terrorism and wars that may adversely impact the Company's financial condition or results of operations.

Geopolitical instability and conflicts including acts of terrorism, threats of war or actual war, could cause disruptions in our ability to sell and ship products, collect payments from, and do business with certain customers based on logistic challenges, safety concerns, and conforming with regulatory compliance. There could be trade restrictions including export restrictions and tariffs which would increase costs and have an adverse effect on results from operations.

General Risk Factors

We rely on a limited number of suppliers for certain of our raw materials and other products and the loss of one or several of these suppliers could increase our costs and have a material adverse effect on any one of our business segments.

We rely on a limited number of suppliers for certain of our raw materials and other products. If we were unable to obtain these raw materials and products from our current vendors, or if there were significant increases in our supplier's prices, it could significantly increase our costs and reduce our profit margins.

We are subject to global and regional economic downturns and related risks including health epidemics, pandemics and similar outbreaks.

The level of demand for our products is affected by global and regional demographic and macroeconomic conditions, including population growth rates, changes in standards of living and the occurrence of any health-related risks. A significant downturn in global economic growth, or recessionary conditions in major geographic regions, may lead to reduced demand for agricultural commodities and food products, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations. The occurrence of health-related risks including epidemics or global pandemics may adversely affect the economy. The extent to future epidemics or pandemics impact our business going forward will depend on the duration or scope of the outbreak and how governmental, businesses, and society respond, along with the economic impact including financial market volatility. The pace of economic improvement is uncertain and there can be no assurance that economic and/or political conditions will not continue to affect market and consumer confidence or deteriorate further in the near term.

The Company may not be able to effectively integrate businesses it acquires.

We continuously look for opportunities to enhance our existing businesses through strategic acquisitions. The process of integrating an acquired business into our existing business and operations may result in unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures as well as require a significant amount of management resources. There is also the risk that our due diligence efforts may not uncover significant business flaws or hidden liabilities. In addition, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of an acquisition and they may not generate the anticipated financial results. Additional risks may include the inability to effectively integrate the operations, products, technologies and personnel of the acquired companies. The inability to maintain uniform standards, controls, procedures and policies would also negatively impact operations.

If our goodwill, amortizable intangible assets and long-lived assets become impaired, then we could be required to record a significant charge to earnings.

The Company is required to test for goodwill impairment at least annually. In addition, we review our tangible and intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Factors that may be considered a change in circumstances indicating that the carrying value of our goodwill, amortizable intangible assets and long-lived assets may not be recoverable include prolonged declines in stock price, market capitalization or cash flows, and slower growth rates in our industry. Depending on the results of our review, we could be required to record a significant charge to earnings in our Consolidated Financial Statements during the period in which any impairment is determined, negatively impacting our results of operations.


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Our business depends on our ability to attract and retain talented employees.

Our success as a Company is dependent on hiring and retaining highly skilled employees with diverse backgrounds and experiences. If we are unable to motivate and retain employees, we may not be able to maximize productivity and effectively operate our facilities. Further, our long-term success depends on effective succession planning across all levels of management and operations. Failure to effectively identify key employees and ensure appropriate training and smooth transitions could adversely impact our ability to execute our business strategies and operations.

Compliance with evolving environmental, social and corporate governance ("ESG") regulations including climate change may impact our reputation, increase our operating costs, and reduce the value of our assets and products.

There is an increased focus on environmental, social and corporate governance regulations for the industry. As a Company, we assess the potential impacts of our business on environmental risks including climate change, carbon emissions, physical and transition risks, along with other environmental issues. The Company, through our Enterprise Risk Management ("ERM") program and other efforts, is actively focused on strategic goals to expand responsible practices to reduce environmental risks while ensuring compliance with evolving laws and regulations. For example, through working with third parties such as Supplier Leadership on Climate Transition, we have reported Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gases emissions in our annual Sustainability Report, and we are working with third parties to develop Scope 3 data. We have been participating with customers in pilot sustainable sourcing projects as well as looking to participate in Field to Market which provides farming operation analytics to customers to create greater visibility into supply chain and sustainability efforts. If we are unable to properly assess these risks and meet our ESG reporting goals and metrics for Scope 1, 2 and 3 greenhouse gas emissions, or if our efforts are considered to be inadequate, then stakeholders, the industry, and investors might perceive that we are not responding appropriately and responsibly to the growing concern. As a result, investors may reconsider their capital investments and our reputation could be diminished leading to customers and suppliers choosing to refrain from engaging in business with us.

The Company faces transition risks and physical risks related to climate change.

With the increased regulations and opportunity of electric vehicles comes the transitional risk that biofuels are in lower demand due to environmental concerns with climate change and changing consumer behavior. While biofuels also have less carbon emissions than regular gasoline, electric vehicles have the lowest emissions. A decrease in demand for biofuels as a result of regulatory or market changes would result in ethanol plants being underutilized along with a lower demand for corn to be used in ethanol production. The decrease in corn demand for ethanol production would mean a greater supply of corn for human and livestock consumption, driving down food costs and could lower overall grain prices. From a physical risk standpoint, there is increased land acreage that was historically used for growing corn that is being left unplanted as there is belief that the empty farmland is aiding in absorbing carbon dioxide. This would result in decreased agriculture productivity, reducing the amount of fertilizers needed and grains harvested. There are many assumptions both domestically and internationally driving the impact of supply and demand for corn, soybeans and other grains so it is too early to quantify the transition and physical risks involved with the gradual shift to electrification and the environmental regulatory changes. Although we believe that many regions both domestically and internationally will still rely on biofuels as they are slower to make changes and might not have immediate resources to do so, we cannot be certain about the pace and nature of changes in the industry and how it will impact demand for our products. These environmental changes could be costly and adversely affect our facilities, financial position and results of operations. While our Company believes that we are strategically positioned so that we can assess our role in actively reducing environmental risks while remaining focused on being a leader in the merchandising of grains and other co-products domestically and internationally, it is not possible to predict exactly how a changing climate will impact our business. If our strategies prove ineffective, our business could be adversely affected.

The Company's information technology systems may impose limitations or failures which may affect the Company's ability to conduct its business.

The Company's information technology systems, some of which are dependent on services provided by third parties, provide critical data connectivity, information and services for internal and external users. These interactions include, but are not limited to, ordering and managing materials from suppliers, converting raw materials to finished products, inventory management, shipping products to customers, processing transactions, summarizing and reporting results of operations, complying with regulatory, legal or tax requirements, human resources and other processes necessary to manage the business. The Company has put in place business continuity plans for its critical systems. However, if the Company's information technology systems are damaged, or cease to function properly due to any number of causes, such as catastrophic events or power outages, and the Company's business continuity plans do not allow it to effectively recover on a timely basis, the Company may suffer interruptions in the ability to manage its operations, which may adversely impact the Company's operating results.

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We are in the process of reviewing our system roadmaps, to help standardize processes and support growth initiatives. This will likely result in potential system implementations as part of our ongoing information technology transformation strategy, and we plan to implement these systems throughout relevant parts of our business. If we do not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to explore, build and sustain the proper information technology infrastructure, or if we fail to achieve the expected benefits from this initiative, it may impact our ability to process transactions accurately and remain aligned with the changing needs of our business. In addition, failure to deliver the applications on time or anticipate the necessary readiness and training needs could lead to business disruption, and loss of customers and employees. In connection with potential implementations and resulting business process changes, we will continue to enhance the design and documentation of business processes and controls, including our internal control over financial reporting processes, to maintain effective controls over financial reporting.

We utilize cloud-based services, systems and networks managed by third-party vendors to process, transmit and store information and to conduct certain business activities and transactions with employees, customers, vendors and other third parties. Our utilization of these cloud-based services and systems could increase as we implement our information technology transformation initiatives. If any of these third-party service providers or vendors do not perform effectively, or if we fail to adequately monitor their performance (including compliance with service-level agreements or regulatory or legal requirements), we may have to incur additional costs to correct errors made by such service providers, or we could be subject to litigation, claims, or regulatory proceedings. Depending on the function involved, such errors may also lead to business disruption, processing inefficiencies, the loss of or damage to intellectual property or sensitive data through security breaches or otherwise, adverse effects on financial reporting, or damage to our reputation. In addition, the management of multiple third-party service providers increases operational complexity and decreases our control.

We are at risk of cyber-incidents or other security breaches that could undermine our ability to operate effectively.

Our security measures may be breached due to employee error, malfeasance, or otherwise. In addition, although the systems continue to be refreshed periodically, portions of the infrastructure are outdated and may not be adequate to support new business processes, accounting for new transactions, or implementation of new accounting standards if requirements are complex or materially different than what is currently in place.

Additionally, outside parties may attempt to destroy critical information, or fraudulently induce employees, third-party service providers, or users to disclose sensitive information to gain access to our data or our users' data. Notwithstanding the attention the Company pays to cybersecurity risks and the processes and controls implemented, the Company may not be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident. As with all companies, these security measures are subject to third-party security breaches, employee error, malfeasance, faulty password management, or other irregularities. Cybersecurity risks rapidly evolve and are complex, so the Company must continually adapt and enhance processes and controls. As the Company does this, management must make judgments about where to invest resources to protect the Company and our assets most effectively. These are inherently challenging processes, and management can provide no assurance that the processes and controls implemented will be effective or that we will be able to prevent, repel or mitigate the effects of such an attack by outside parties. The Company also relies on third parties to maintain and process certain information which could be subject to breach or unauthorized access to Company or employee information. We must rely on these entities for adequately detecting and reporting cyber incidents, in which delays could disrupt our operations or potentially affect our ability to report or respond to cybersecurity incidents effectively or in a timely manner. Any such incident to the Company or a third party could result in an inability to perform critical functions, significant legal and financial exposure, damage to our reputation, and a loss of confidence in the security of our services that could potentially have an adverse effect on our business.

For information on our cybersecurity risk management, strategy and governance, see Item 1C. Cybersecurity.

A change in tax laws or regulations of any federal, state or international jurisdiction in which we operate could increase our tax burden and otherwise adversely affect our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.

We continue to assess the impact of various U.S. federal, state, local and international legislative proposals that could result in a material increase to our U.S. federal, state, local and/or international taxes. We cannot predict what impact, if any, changes in federal policy, including tax policies, will have on our industry or whether any specific legislation will be enacted or the terms of any such legislation. However, if such proposals were to be enacted, or if modifications were to be made to certain existing regulations, the consequences could have a material adverse impact on us, including increasing our tax burden, increasing our cost of tax compliance or otherwise adversely affecting our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity. Changes in applicable U.S. or foreign tax laws and regulations, or their interpretation and application, including the possibility of retroactive effect, could affect our tax expense and profitability. Such impact may also be affected positively or negatively by subsequent potential judicial interpretation or related regulation or legislation which cannot be predicted with certainty.

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We are subject to various legal and regulatory proceedings, including litigation in the ordinary course of business, and uninsured judgments or a rise in insurance premiums may adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In the ordinary course of business, we are subject to various legal and regulatory proceedings, which may include but are not limited to those involving antitrust, tax, environmental, intellectual property, data privacy and other matters, including general commercial litigation. Any claims raised in legal and regulatory proceedings, whether with or without merit, could be time consuming and expensive to defend and could divert management’s attention and resources. Additionally, the outcome of legal and regulatory proceedings may differ from our expectations because the outcomes of these proceedings are often difficult to reliably predict. Various factors and developments can lead to changes in our estimates of liabilities and related insurance receivables, where applicable, or may require us to make additional estimates, including new or modified estimates that may be appropriate due to a judicial ruling or judgment, a settlement, regulatory developments or changes in applicable law. A future adverse ruling, settlement or unfavorable development could result in charges that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in any particular period.

In accordance with customary practice, we maintain insurance against some, but not all, of these potential claims. In the future, we may not be able to maintain insurance at commercially acceptable premium levels. In addition, the levels of insurance we maintain may not be adequate to fully cover any and all losses or liabilities. If any significant judgment or claim is not fully insured or indemnified against, it could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

The Company has no unresolved staff comments.


Item 1C. Cybersecurity

The Company is committed to ensuring the safe operation of its business by means of a dedicated cybersecurity program designed to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of its assets from cybersecurity threats. The Company’s customers, suppliers, and joint venture partners also face cybersecurity threats, and a cybersecurity incident impacting the Company or any of these entities could materially impact our operations, performance, and results of operations. New and evolving cybersecurity threats and related risks make it imperative that the Company allocates the appropriate resources to mitigate these risks, adapts to the changing cybersecurity landscape, and responds to emerging threats in a timely and effective manner.

The underlying controls of the Company’s cybersecurity program are designed to be aligned with the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework (“NIST CSF”) standards for cybersecurity and information technology. The controls in the Company’s cybersecurity program include but are not limited to, endpoint threat detection and response, privileged access management, logging and monitoring, multi-factor authentication, firewalls and intrusion detection and prevention, vulnerability, and patch management. Management regularly assesses the Company’s cybersecurity capabilities and has implemented policies, processes, and technology that it considers appropriate to reduce the likelihood or impact of a breach.

Third parties also play a role in the Company’s cybersecurity. The Company engages third-party contractors to assess cybersecurity controls, whether through penetration testing, independent audits, or consulting on best practices to address new challenges. These assessments include testing both the design and operational effectiveness of these cybersecurity controls. The Company engages with these partners to monitor and maintain the performance and effectiveness of products and services that are deployed in the Company’s information technology environment. Management also shares and receives threat intelligence with our peers, local public companies, and cybersecurity associations.

The Company’s Senior Manager of Information Security, reporting to the Vice President of Information Technology, is the leader of the Company’s cybersecurity team. The Senior Manager of Information Security is responsible for assessing and managing the Company’s cybersecurity program, informs the Vice President of Information Technology and other senior management as appropriate regarding the prevention, detection, mitigation, and remediation of cybersecurity incidents and supervises such efforts. Our Senior Manager of Information Security and Vice President of Information Technology have decades of collective experience in managing information technology and cybersecurity functions, both at the Company and in prior positions. Management also periodically evaluates the experience of the Company’s entire cybersecurity team to ensure adequate coverage across all eight key knowledge domains identified by the Certified Information Systems Security Professional certification.
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Employees outside of the cybersecurity team also have a role in our cybersecurity defenses and they are engaged in a culture supportive of security protocols, which management believes improves the Company’s cybersecurity. All employees are required to complete cybersecurity trainings annually and have access to more frequent cybersecurity trainings through online trainings. We also require employees in certain roles to complete additional role-based, specialized cybersecurity trainings. The internal business owners of hosted applications are required to document user access reviews at least annually and receive a System and Organization Controls ("SOC") 1 or SOC 2 report from the vendor. If a third-party vendor is not able to provide a SOC 1 or SOC 2 report, management will take additional steps to assess the vendor’s cybersecurity preparedness.

The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors oversees the Company’s cybersecurity program and the steps taken by management to monitor and mitigate cybersecurity risks. The Company’s Vice President of Information Technology regularly addresses the Audit Committee, typically on a quarterly basis, regarding our cybersecurity and data privacy progress to the NIST CSF standards along with briefing the Committee on any cybersecurity incidents that were determined to have a moderate or higher impact on the business, even if immaterial to the Company as a whole. In the event of an incident, management intends to follow the Company’s incident response plan, which outlines the steps to be followed from the detection of an incident to mitigation, recovery, and notification, including notifying functional areas, as well as senior leadership and the Audit Committee, as appropriate. Determination of when to notify senior leadership and the Audit Committee is made by the Vice President of Information Technology in consultation with other members of senior leadership as needed. Depending on the nature and severity of the incident, disclosure can be handled either through scheduled quarterly reporting to the Audit Committee or as an immediate disclosure to the Chair of the Audit Committee.

Assessing, identifying, and managing cybersecurity related risks are integrated into the Company-wide ERM process. On an annual basis, management assesses the top risks facing the enterprise through the Company’s ERM process. Cybersecurity related risks are included in this annual function and to the extent the ERM process assigns a heightened risk to cybersecurity, risk owners are named to address the severity, likelihood, and controls in place to mitigate these risks. Upon the conclusion of the ERM process, management’s assessment is then presented to the Board of Directors.

Notwithstanding the attention the Company pays to cybersecurity risks and the processes and controls implemented, the Company may not be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident that could have a material adverse effect on its business, strategy, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and reputation. Cybersecurity risks rapidly evolve and are complex, so the Company must continually adapt and enhance processes and controls. As the Company does this, management must make judgments about where to invest resources to protect the Company and our assets most effectively. These are inherently challenging processes, and management can provide no assurance that the processes and controls implemented will be effective.

The Company has experienced, and expects to continue to experience, cyber incidents in the normal course of business. Cybersecurity threats, including as a result of previous incidents, to date, have not had, and as of the date hereof we do not believe are reasonably likely to have, a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, strategy, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. However, for the reasons described above, management cannot guarantee that the Company will not be materially affected in the future. While the Company maintains cybersecurity insurance, the costs related to cybersecurity threats or disruptions may not be fully insured. See Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for further discussion of cybersecurity risks.


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Item 2. Properties

The Company's principal agriculture and other properties are described below. The Company believes that its properties are adequate for its business, well maintained and utilized, suitable for their intended uses and adequately insured.
TradeRenewablesNutrient & Industrial
(in thousands)Grain StorageNameplate CapacityDry Fertilizer StorageLiquid Fertilizer Storage
Location(bushels)(gallons)(tons)(tons)
Canada21,598 — — — 
Idaho18,840 — — — 
Indiana16,800 110,000 135 138 
Iowa— 55,000 — 67 
Louisiana23,962 — — — 
Michigan25,459 130,000 75 46 
Nebraska11,424 — — 40 
Ohio41,078 110,000 168 77 
Wisconsin— — 25 78 
Other9,237 — 57 67 
168,398 405,000 460 513 

The Trade facilities are mostly concrete and steel tanks, with some flat storage buildings. The Company also owns grain inspection buildings and dryers, maintenance buildings and truck scales and dumps. Approximately 81% of the total storage capacity noted above, which includes temporary pile storage, is owned, while the remaining capacity is leased from third parties.

The Renewables properties are four ethanol plants owned under the TAMH investment that is consolidated in the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Nutrient & Industrial properties consist mainly of fertilizer warehouse and formulation and packaging facilities for dry and liquid fertilizers. The Company owns substantially all of the facilities noted above.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

The Company is currently subject to various claims and suits arising in the ordinary course of business, which include environmental issues, employment claims, contractual disputes, and defensive counterclaims. The Company accrues liabilities in which litigation losses are deemed probable and estimable. The Company believes it is unlikely that the results of its current legal proceedings, even if unfavorable, will result in material liabilities beyond what it currently has accrued. There can be no assurance, however, that any claims or suits arising in the future, whether taken individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

Item 4. Mine Safety

Not applicable.


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Part II.


Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Common Shares of The Andersons, Inc. trade on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “ANDE”.

Shareholders

At February 9, 2024, there were 434 shareholders of record and approximately 29,227 shareholders for whom security firms acted as nominees.

Dividends

The Company has declared and paid consecutive quarterly dividends since its first year of trading in 1996. Dividends paid from January 2022 to January 2024 are as follows:
Payment DateAmount
January 21, 2022$0.180
April 22, 2022$0.180
July 22, 2022$0.180
October 21, 2022$0.180
January 20, 2023$0.185
April 24, 2023$0.185
July 24, 2023$0.185
October 20, 2023$0.185
January 22, 2024$0.190

While the Company's objective is to pay a quarterly cash dividend, dividends are subject to approval from the Board of Directors.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
Average Price Paid Per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (2)
October 2023
 $  $85,532,211 
November 2023
   85,532,211 
December 2023
   85,532,211 
Total $  $85,532,211 
(1) During the three months ended December 31, 2023, the Company acquired shares of common stock held by employees who tendered owned shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations along with common stock repurchased as a part of the Company's Repurchase Plan.
(2) As of August 20, 2021, the Company was authorized to purchase up to $100 million of the Company's common stock (the "Repurchase Plan") on or before August 20, 2024. As of December 31, 2023, approximately $14.5 million of the $100 million available to repurchase shares had been utilized. The Repurchase Plan does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares. Under the Repurchase Plan, shares may be repurchased in privately negotiated and/or open market transactions, including under plans complying with Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act.


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Performance Graph

The graph below compares the total shareholder return on the Company's Common Shares to the cumulative total return for the Russell 3000 Index and a Peer Group Index. The indices reflect the year-end market value of an investment in the stock of each company in the index, including additional shares assumed to have been acquired with cash dividends, if any. The Peer Group Index, weighted for market capitalization, includes the following companies:
Archer-Daniels-Midland Co.Green Plains Inc.
Alto Ingredients, Inc.Ingredion Incorporated
Bunge Global SANutrien Ltd.

The graph assumes a $100 investment in The Andersons, Inc. Common Shares on December 31, 2018, and also assumes investments of $100 in the Russell 3000 Index and Peer Group Index, respectively, on December 31 of the first year of the graph. The value of these investments as of the following calendar year-ends is shown in the table below the graph.
2816
Base PeriodCumulative Returns
 2018
20192020202120222023
The Andersons, Inc.$100.00 $86.80 $87.44 $141.25 $130.25 $217.47 
Russell 3000 Index$100.00 $131.02 $158.39 $199.03 $160.80 $202.54 
Peer Group Index$100.00 $110.27 $119.44 $175.89 $203.54 $172.96 
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Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward Looking Statements

The following “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contains forward-looking statements which relate to future events or future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Without limitation, these risks include economic, weather and regulatory conditions, competition, geopolitical risk, and those listed under Item 1.A, "Risk Factors." The reader is urged to carefully consider these risks and factors. In some cases, the reader can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “predicts”, or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially. These forward-looking statements relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made and the Company undertakes no obligation, other than any imposed by law, to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.

Executive Overview

Our operations are organized, managed and classified into three reportable business segments: Trade, Renewables, and Nutrient & Industrial. Each of these segments is generally based on the nature of products and services offered and aligns with the management structure.

The agricultural commodity-based business is one in which changes in selling prices generally move in relationship to changes in purchase prices. Therefore, increases or decreases in prices of the commodities that the business deals in will have a relatively equal impact on sales and merchandising revenues and cost of sales and merchandising revenues and a much less significant impact on gross profit. As a result, changes in sales and merchandising revenues between periods may not necessarily be indicative of the overall performance of the business and greater emphasis should be placed on changes in gross profit.

Trade

The Trade segment's operating results were consistent with the prior year as the segment continued to capitalize on strong agriculture fundamentals. The asset-based business benefited from strong elevation margins and good space income on a large and wet harvest combined with better wheat income opportunities during the year. Merchandising fundamentals were also solid during 2023, especially with a market inverse through the first part of the year, but were negatively impacted from fewer merchandising opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa including losses related to the currency liquidity issues in Egypt. The premium ingredients business also delivered positive results from acquisitions and other recently deployed capital.

Agricultural inventories on hand were 127.6 million and 129.7 million bushels at December 31, 2023, and December 31, 2022, respectively. These bushels consist of inventory held at company-owned or leased facilities, transload inventory, in-transit inventory, and third-party held inventory. Total Trade storage space capacity at company owned or leased facilities, including temporary pile storage, was approximately 168 million bushels at December 31, 2023, and 184 million bushels at December 31, 2022.

Looking forward, agriculture fundamentals are shifting due to increased global supply. The Company's mix of assets and merchandising businesses provide a solid foundation to benefit from large crops and carry markets. With lower commodity prices, domestic producers are hesitant to forward sell, but the Company's assets are well-positioned for the grains to flow in due course. With continuing global unrest, volatility exists in key international shipping lanes which could provide ongoing merchandising opportunities.


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Renewables

The Renewables segment performed very well in 2023 led by outstanding earnings from strong operations at the Company's ethanol plants. The plants continue to run efficiently with high ethanol yields and favorable ethanol crush margins. The Company's renewable diesel feedstock business continued to grow as it continued to add more products to its portfolio. While the segment's results were down from the prior period, the current year includes an $87.2 million impairment charge related to the ELEMENT ethanol plant.

While spot ethanol crush margins have softened into 2024, the first quarter generally experiences seasonally weak margins. Upcoming planned maintenance in the industry and the spring driving rebound should support improved plant economics; however, co-product values are facing headwinds as weaker corn prices are expected to compress feed values.

Volumes shipped were as follows:
Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Ethanol (gallons shipped)774,550 771,142 
E-85 (gallons shipped)42,270 38,980 
Vegetable Oil (pounds shipped) (a)
1,263,924 790,218 
Dried Distillers Grain (tons shipped) (b)
2,052 1,836 
(a) Includes corn oil, soybean oil, and other fats, oils, and greases.
(b) DDG tons shipped converts wet tons to a dry ton equivalent amount.

Nutrient & Industrial

The Nutrient & Industrial segment's 2023 operating results decreased from the strong prior year results. The Ag Supply Chain product line experienced compressed margins in 2023 that were partially offset with increased volumes as nutrient prices moved lower throughout the year providing fewer margin opportunities when compared to 2022. The Specialty Liquids and Engineered Granules product lines fell slightly behind the prior year mainly due to decreased volumes. Management is optimistic for a good spring application season as nutrient prices have stabilized, and farm economics should incentivize application of crop inputs.

Total storage capacity at our Ag Supply Chain and Engineered Granules locations was approximately 460 thousand tons for dry nutrients and approximately 513 thousand tons for liquid nutrients at December 31, 2023, which is similar to the prior year.

Tons of product sold were as follows:
Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Ag Supply Chain1,376 1,238 
Specialty Liquids397 415 
Engineered Granules165 188 
Total tons1,938 1,841 

In the table above, Ag Supply Chain represents facilities principally engaged in the wholesale distribution and retail sale and application of primary agricultural nutrients such as bulk nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Specialty Liquid locations produce and sell a variety of low-salt liquid starter fertilizers, micronutrients for agricultural use, and specialty products for use in various industrial processes. Engineered Granules facilities primarily manufacture granulated dry products for use in specialty turf and agricultural applications. Prior year volumes have been reclassified for the twelve months ended December 31, 2022, to conform with current year presentation as the product mix in certain facilities has evolved.

Other

The Company's “Other” activities include corporate income and expense and cost for functions that provide support and services to the operating segments. The results include expenses and benefits not allocated to the operating segments and other elimination and consolidation adjustments.


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Results for Fiscal 2022 compared to Fiscal 2021

For comparisons of the Company's consolidated and segment results of operations and consolidated cash flows for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2022, to December 31, 2021, refer to Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on February 23, 2023.

Operating Results

The following discussion focuses on the operating results as shown in the Consolidated Statements of Operations with a separate discussion by segment. Additional segment information is included in Note 12 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2023
(in thousands)TradeRenewablesNutrient & IndustrialOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$10,426,083 $3,380,632 $943,397 $ $14,750,112 
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues10,016,133 3,178,235 810,381  14,004,749 
Gross profit409,950 202,397 133,016  745,363 
Operating, administrative and general expenses308,470 32,737 103,342 47,711 492,260 
Asset impairment 87,156   87,156 
Interest expense (income)35,234 6,385 7,016 (1,768)46,867 
Other income, net29,988 15,056 2,391 3,048 50,483 
Income (loss) before income taxes from continuing operations96,234 91,175 25,049 (42,895)169,563 
Income before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests 31,339   31,339 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the Company from continuing operations$96,234 $59,836 $25,049 $(42,895)$138,224 

 
Year Ended December 31, 2022
(in thousands)TradeRenewablesNutrient & IndustrialOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$13,047,537 $3,178,539 $1,099,308 $— $17,325,384 
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues12,639,830 3,051,544 949,846 — 16,641,220 
Gross profit407,707 126,995 149,462 — 684,164 
Operating, administrative and general expenses273,592 30,730 106,003 47,231 457,556 
Asset impairment9,000 — — — 9,000 
Interest expense (income)42,551 8,775 7,298 (1,775)56,849 
Other income (expense), net12,661 20,731 3,001 (2,570)33,823 
Income (loss) before income taxes from continuing operations95,225 108,221 39,162 (48,026)194,582 
Income before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests— 35,899 — — 35,899 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the Company from continuing operations$95,225 $72,322 $39,162 $(48,026)$158,683 

The Company uses Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the Company from continuing operations, a non-GAAP financial measure as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission, to evaluate the Company’s financial performance. This performance measure is not defined by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and should be considered in addition to, and not in lieu of, GAAP financial measures.


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Management believes that Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the Company from continuing operations is a useful measure of the Company’s performance as it provides investors additional information about the Company's operations allowing better evaluation of underlying business performance and better period-to-period comparability. This measure is not intended to replace or be an alternative to Income (loss) before income taxes from continuing operations, the most directly comparable amount reported under GAAP, which is also presented in the table above.

Comparison of 2023 with 2022

Trade

Operating results for the Trade segment were consistent with the prior year results. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased $2,621.5 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased by $2,623.7 million resulting in an increase in gross profit of $2.2 million. The vast majority of the decrease in sales and merchandising revenues and cost of sales and merchandising revenues is attributable to sharp commodity price decreases from the prior year as the war in Ukraine created uncertainty around global supply which temporarily drove commodity prices higher in 2022. The $2.2 million increase in gross profit was due to increased asset based business results that were almost entirely offset by a decrease in the merchandising business results as premium ingredients was flat period over period. While the asset based business had strong results in both periods, the $35.2 million gross profit increase from the prior year includes an additional $24.3 million in insured inventory recoveries and $16.0 million in insured inventory write offs in the prior period that did not recur. Offsetting this increase was lower gross profit from the merchandising businesses of $35.6 million. The vast majority of this decrease was attributable to the international merchandising business in the Middle East and North Africa including losses related to the currency liquidity issues in Egypt.

Operating, administrative and general expenses increased $34.9 million compared to prior year results. The increase from the prior year is primarily related to an additional $14.5 million from acquisitions, of which approximately half of this increase is related to earn-out provisions recorded as additional compensation expense. The remainder of the increase from prior year is related to $4.3 million in insurable clean-up costs related to a fire at a Michigan grain asset, $5.5 million of increased insurance premiums and $6.4 million in additional bad debt expense.

Asset impairment decreased by $9.0 million from the prior year as the Company recorded charges on property, plant and equipment related to a Nebraska grain asset in the prior period.

Interest expense decreased $7.3 million due to reduced short-term borrowings from lower commodity prices in addition to the business managing working capital usage in the higher interest rate environment in 2023.

Other income increased by $17.3 million in the current year and was primarily attributable to $4.4 million of additional interest income from additional cash on hand, $4.8 million of favorable foreign currency movements from the prior year, a $4.5 million impairment of an equity method investment in the prior year, and an additional $1.2 million of insurance proceeds from damage to the Company's assets.

Renewables

The Renewables segment had another robust year as income before income taxes only fell $17.0 million short of the prior year, despite an $87.2 million impairment in the current year. Sales and merchandising revenues increased $202.1 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues increased $126.7 million compared to the prior year. As a result, gross profit increased by $75.4 million. The increase in both sales and merchandising revenues and cost of sales and merchandising revenues can be attributed to increased third-party trading volumes mainly in renewable diesel feedstocks as the merchandising businesses continue to diversify and grow. This increase was partially offset from the tapering down of operations at the ELEMENT facility and the ultimate deconsolidation of the entity that occurred in April of 2023 resulting in a reduction of both sales and merchandising revenues and cost of sales and merchandising revenues from the prior period of approximately $170 million. The main driver of the increased gross profit was an improvement from the ethanol plants as TAMH improved by $62.2 million from prior year due to stronger ethanol margins and significantly decreased natural gas prices. The deconsolidation of the ELEMENT ethanol plant also resulted in an improvement in gross profit of $11.7 million when compared to prior year.

Asset impairment charges increased by $87.2 million from the prior year as the Company recorded an impairment charge related to ELEMENT in the first quarter of 2023, as the plant faced operational and market-based challenges which were exacerbated by a shift in the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard credit markets and high western corn basis.

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Interest expense, net decreased by $2.4 million from the prior year with substantially all of the decrease a result of the deconsolidation of ELEMENT.

Other income decreased by $5.7 million from prior year due to $15.4 million more proceeds received in the prior year as a part of the USDA Biofuel Producer Program that was enacted as a part of the CARES Act. This was partially offset by a $6.5 million gain on the deconsolidation of the ELEMENT joint venture and $4.5 million of additional interest income received in 2023.

Nutrient & Industrial

The Nutrient & Industrial segment results decreased by $14.1 million when compared to strong results in the prior year. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased $155.9 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased $139.5 million resulting in decreased gross profit of $16.4 million from the prior year. The decrease in sales and merchandising revenues and cost of sales and merchandising revenues was due to a lower priced nutrient market after the segment capitalized on margin opportunities when nutrient prices increased rapidly in the prior year. This decrease in fertilizer prices from the prior year was partially offset by a modest increase in demand as volumes sold increased by approximately 5%. The $16.4 million decline in gross profit across the segment is represented by a $21.4 million margin difference from the prior year that was partially offset by a $5.0 million increase in gross profit directly correlated with increased sales volumes. Ag Supply Chain made up $10.1 million of the reduction as the market dynamics significantly shifted and the strong margins realized in a tight 2022 supply market were unable to be repeated.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $2.7 million from the prior year from approximately $3.9 million in reduced incentive compensation expense.

Other

Results improved by $5.1 million from the prior year. This improvement from the prior year was primarily driven by a $4.8 million revaluation gain of a cost method investment.

Income Taxes

In 2023, the Company recorded Income tax expense from continuing operations of $37.0 million. The Company's effective rate for 2023 was 21.8% on Income before income taxes from continuing operations of $169.6 million. The difference between the 21.8% effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% is primarily attributable to state and local income taxes and changes in unrecognized tax benefits offset by the effect of non-controlling interest and foreign tax credits.

In 2022, the Company recorded Income tax expense from continuing operations of $39.6 million. The Company’s effective rate for 2022 was 20.4% on Income before income taxes from continuing operations of $194.6 million. The difference between the 20.4% effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% is primarily attributable to the tax benefit generated from federal research and development credits, foreign tax credits and the effect of non-controlling interest offset by state and local income taxes, nondeductible compensation, and changes in unrecognized tax benefits.

The Company's subsidiary partnership returns are under federal tax examination by the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") for tax years 2015 through 2018. The Company’s subsidiary is under federal tax examination by the Mexican tax authorities for tax year 2015. The IRS and Mexican tax authorities’ examinations could potentially be resolved within the next 12 months. The resolution of these examinations could change our unrecognized tax benefits and favorably impact income tax expense by a range of $2.9 million to $7.6 million.

On December 20, 2021, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ("OECD") issued Pillar Two model rules introducing a global minimum tax of 15% on large corporations. Although the U.S. has not yet adopted the Pillar Two model rules, several foreign countries enacted legislation in 2023 which closely follow OECD’s Pillar Two guidance to be effective January 1, 2024. Management is currently reviewing the Pillar Two legislation in our relevant jurisdictions to determine the potential impact to the Company's effective tax rate.



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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Working Capital

At December 31, 2023, the Company had working capital of $1,170.6 million, an increase of $226.0 million from the prior year. This increase was attributable to changes in the following components of current assets and current liabilities:
(in thousands)December 31, 2023December 31, 2022Variance
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$643,854 $115,269 $528,585 
Accounts receivable, net762,549 1,248,878 (486,329)
Inventories1,166,700 1,731,725 (565,025)
Commodity derivative assets – current178,083 295,588 (117,505)
Other current assets55,777 74,493 (18,716)
Total current assets
2,806,963 3,465,953 (658,990)
Current Liabilities
Short-term debt43,106 272,575 (229,469)
Trade and other payables1,055,473 1,423,633 (368,160)
Customer prepayments and deferred revenue187,054 370,524 (183,470)
Commodity derivative liabilities – current90,849 98,519 (7,670)
Current maturities of long-term debt27,561 110,155 (82,594)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities232,288 245,916 (13,628)
Total current liabilities
1,636,331 2,521,322 (884,991)
Working Capital
$1,170,632 $944,631 $226,001 

Current assets decreased $659.0 million in comparison to prior year. This decrease was primarily related to the reduction of receivables, inventories and current commodity derivative assets which was partially offset by a sharp increase in cash. The decreases in receivables, inventories and derivatives can largely be attributed to the stabilization of agricultural commodity prices in the current year in comparison to the significant increases in the prices of agricultural commodities, including fertilizer, in the same period of the prior year. The decreases in inventory and derivatives also had a direct impact on cash as the Company was not deploying cash to hold as significant amounts of working capital as it had done in the previous year.
Current liabilities decreased $885.0 million compared to the prior year as all working capital liability accounts decreased from the prior year. The decrease in short-term debt, trade and other payables, and customer prepayments and deferred revenues are a result of the stabilization of commodity prices in the year compared to the severe increase in commodity prices in the same period of the prior year, as well as a strategic focus on managing the use of short-term debt to fund working capital in light of the rising interest rate environment. The large decrease in current maturities of long-term debt is primarily related to the deconsolidation of ELEMENT in 2023.

Sources and Uses of Cash in 2023 Compared to 2022
Year Ended
(in thousands)December 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Net cash provided by operating activities$946,750 $287,117 
Net cash used in investing activities(153,879)(52,902)
Net cash used in financing activities(263,993)(334,730)

Operating Activities and Liquidity

Operating activities provided cash of $946.8 million in 2023 compared to $287.1 million in 2022. The vast majority of the increase in cash provided by operating activities was due to favorable changes in operating assets and liabilities as commodity prices dropped in the current year and the Company increased its focus on managing working capital balances in light of the rising interest rate environment. This coupled with strong cash generation from the Company's core businesses created significant growth in cash provided by operating activities that ultimately led to a significant amount of cash on hand as of December 31, 2023.
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Net income taxes of $45.7 million and $88.7 million were paid in the years ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively. The decrease in the current year is driven by decreased Income before income taxes from continuing operations combined with the taxable gain associated with the sale of the remaining pieces of the Company's Rail segment in 2022.

Investing Activities

Investing activities used cash of $153.9 million in the current year compared to $52.9 million used in the prior year. The significant change from the prior year was mainly driven by approximately $58.7 million of additional net proceeds from the sale of discontinued Rail operations received in the prior year combined with approximately $42.1 million of additional purchases of property, plant and equipment in the current year.

Capital expenditures of $150.4 million for 2023 on property, plant and equipment and capitalized software includes: Trade - $49.7 million; Renewables - $54.5 million; Nutrient & Industrial - $42.5 million; and $3.6 million in Other.
We expect to invest approximately $150 to $175 million in property, plant and equipment in 2024; approximately 50% of which will be to maintain current facilities.

Financing Arrangements

Net cash used in financing activities was $264.0 million in 2023, compared to $334.7 million used in 2022. The decrease in cash used in financing activities from the prior year was mainly due to the issuance of a $100.0 million term note in 2023. The Company continued to make substantial distributions to the non-controlling interest shareholder of TAMH due to the strength of the entity's financial results in both 2023 and 2022. Lastly, the Company continued to repurchase common shares under its Repurchase Plan where $100 million of repurchases were authorized to be repurchased on or before August 20, 2024. As of December 31, 2023, approximately $14.5 million of the Repurchase Plan had been utilized.

As of December 31, 2023, the Company was party to borrowing arrangements with a syndicate of banks that provide a total borrowing capacity of $1,863.9 million. There was $1,817.5 million available for borrowing at December 31, 2023. While in the current year the Company's cash on hand exceeds total debt, typically, its highest borrowing occurs in the late winter and early spring due to seasonal inventory requirements in the fertilizer and grain businesses. At December 31, 2023, the Company had total available liquidity of $2,461.4 million comprised of cash and cash equivalents and unused lines of credit.

The Company paid $25.4 million in dividends in 2023 compared to $24.6 million in 2022. The Company paid $0.185 per common share for the dividends paid in January, April, July and October 2023, and $0.180 per common share for the dividends paid in January, April, July and October 2022. On December 14, 2023, the Company declared a cash dividend of $0.190 per common share, payable on January 22, 2024, to shareholders of record on January 2, 2024.

Certain of our long-term borrowings include covenants that, among other things, impose minimum levels of working capital and a minimum ratio of owner's equity. The Company is in compliance with all covenants as of December 31, 2023. In addition, certain of our long-term borrowings are collateralized by first mortgages on various facilities.

Because we are a significant consumer of short-term debt in peak seasons and the majority of this is variable rate debt, increases in interest rates could have a significant impact on our profitability. In addition, periods of high commodity prices and/or unfavorable market conditions could require additional margin deposits on the Company's exchange traded futures contracts. Conversely, in periods of declining prices, the Company would receive a return of cash.

Management believes the sources of liquidity will be adequate to fund operations, capital expenditures and payments of dividends in the foreseeable future.

Contractual Obligations

Long-term Debt

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had total outstanding long-term debt with both floating and fixed rates of varying maturities for an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $593.6 million. $27.6 million of the outstanding principal of the long-term debt is payable within 12 months. See Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Future interest payments associated with the long-term debt total $192.5 million, with $36.6 million payable within 12 months. See Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
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Operating Leases

The Company has lease arrangements for certain equipment and facilities, including grain facilities, fertilizer facilities and equipment. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had fixed operating lease payment obligations of $59.1 million, with $23.8 million payable within 12 months. See Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Commodity Purchase Obligations

The Company enters into forward purchase contracts of commodities with producers through the normal course of business. These forward purchase contracts are largely offset by forward sales contracts of commodities and the net of these forward contracts are offset by exchange-traded futures and options contracts or over-the-counter contracts. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had forward purchase contracts of $2,575.7 million, with $2,468.3 million payable within 12 months. See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Postretirement Healthcare Program

The Company has a postretirement health care benefit plan that covers substantially all of its full-time employees hired prior to January 1, 2003. Obligations under the retiree healthcare programs are not fixed commitments and will vary depending on multiple factors, including the level of participant utilization and inflation. Our estimates of postretirement payments have considered recent payment trends and actuarial assumptions. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had outstanding benefit obligations of $17.3 million, with $1.2 million payable within 12 months. See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Off-Balance Sheet Transactions

During the periods presented we did not have, nor do we currently have, any off-balance sheet transactions as defined under SEC rules, except as follows: The Company may issue standby letters of credit through banking institutions. At December 31, 2023, the Company had standby letters of credit outstanding of $3.3 million.


Critical Accounting Estimates

The process of preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management evaluates these estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Estimates and assumptions are based on historical experience and management's knowledge and understanding of current facts and circumstances. Actual results, under conditions and circumstances different from those assumed, may change from these estimates.

Certain of our accounting estimates are considered critical, as they are important to the depiction of the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and/or require significant or complex judgment by management. There are other items within the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements that require estimation, however, they are not deemed critical as defined above. Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 describes the Company's significant accounting policies which should be read in conjunction with our critical accounting estimates.

Management believes that the accounting for readily marketable inventories and commodity derivative contracts, including adjustments for counterparty risk, impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill, and uncertain tax positions involve significant estimates and assumptions in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Readily Marketable Inventories and Derivative Contracts

Readily Marketable Inventories ("RMI") are stated at their net realizable value, which approximates fair value based on their commodity characteristics, widely available markets, and pricing mechanisms. The Company marks to market all forward purchase and sale contracts for commodities and ethanol, over-the-counter commodity and ethanol contracts, and exchange-traded futures and options contracts. The overall market for commodity inventories is very liquid and active; market value is determined by reference to prices for identical commodities on regulated commodity exchange (adjusted primarily for transportation costs); and the Company's RMI may be sold without significant additional processing. The Company uses forward purchase and sale contracts and both exchange traded and over-the-counter contracts (such as derivatives generally used by the International Swap Dealers Association). Management estimates fair value based on exchange-quoted prices, adjusted for differences in local markets, as well as counterparty non-performance risk in the case of forward and over-the-counter contracts. The amount of risk, and therefore the impact to the fair value of the contracts, varies by type of contract and type of counterparty. With the exception of specific customers thought to be at higher risk, the Company looks at the contracts in total, segregated by contract type, in its quarterly assessment of non-performance risk. For those customers that are thought to be at higher risk, the Company makes assumptions as to performance based on past history and facts about the current situation. Changes in fair value are recorded as a component of Cost of sales and merchandising revenues in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Goodwill

The Company's business segments are each highly capital intensive and require significant investment. Long-lived assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. This is done by evaluating the recoverability based on undiscounted projected cash flows, excluding interest. If an asset group is considered impaired, the impairment loss to be recognized is measured as the amount by which the asset group's carrying amount exceeds its fair value.

Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is the operating segment or one level below the operating segment. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company evaluated goodwill for impairment using a quantitative assessment in three reporting units and using a qualitative assessment in one reporting unit. The quantitative review for impairment takes into account our estimates of future cash flows, as well as a market based approach. Critical estimates in the determination of the fair value of each reporting unit include, but are not limited to, future expected cash flows, estimated gross margins, and discount rates based on a reporting unit's weighted average cost of capital. Our estimates of future cash flows are based upon a number of assumptions including operating costs, life of the assets, potential disposition proceeds, budgets and long-range plans. The market based approach compares results of public companies that reflect economic conditions and risks that are similar to the Company to calculate an estimated enterprise value. These factors are discussed in more detail in Note 16, Goodwill and Intangible Assets, to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Our annual goodwill impairment test is performed as of October 1 each year which is discussed in further detail in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Management considers several factors to be significant when estimating fair value including expected financial outlook of the business, changes in the Company's stock price, the impact of changing market conditions on financial performance and expected future cash flows, the geopolitical environment and other factors. Deterioration in any of these factors may result in a lower fair value assessment, which could lead to impairment charges in the future. Specifically, actual results may vary from the Company's forecasts and such variations may be material and unfavorable, thereby triggering the need for future impairment tests where the conclusions could result in non-cash impairment charges.

Uncertain Tax Positions

Conclusions on recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions involve significant estimates and management judgment and include complex considerations of the Internal Revenue Code, related regulations, tax case laws, and prior year audit settlements. To account for uncertainty in income taxes, the Company evaluates the likelihood of a tax position based on the technical merits of the position, performs a subsequent measurement related to the maximum benefit and degree of likelihood, and determines the benefits to be recognized in the Consolidated Financial Statements, if any.
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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The market risk inherent in the Company's market risk-sensitive instruments and positions is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in commodity prices, foreign currency exchange rates, and interest rates as discussed below.

Commodity Prices

The Company's daily net commodity position consists of inventories, related purchase and sale contracts, exchange-traded futures, and over-the-counter contracts. The fair value of the position is a summation of the fair values calculated for each commodity by valuing each net position at quoted futures market prices. The Company has established controls to manage and limit risk exposure, which consists of a daily review of position limits and effects of potential market price moves on those positions.

A sensitivity analysis has been prepared to estimate the Company's exposure to market risk of its net commodity futures position. Market risk is estimated as the potential loss in fair value resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in quoted market prices. The result of this analysis, which may differ from actual results, is as follows:
December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Net long (short) commodity position$6,508 $(8,810)
Market risk651 (881)

Foreign Currency

The Company has subsidiaries located outside the United States where the local currency is the functional currency. To reduce the risks associated with foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, the Company enters into currency exchange contracts to minimize its foreign currency position related to transactions denominated primarily in the Euro, British pound, Mexican peso, Swiss franc, Egyptian pound, and Canadian dollar. These currencies represent the major functional or local currencies in which recurring business transactions occur. The Company does not use currency exchange contracts as hedges against amounts indefinitely invested in foreign subsidiaries and affiliates. The currency exchange contracts used are forward contracts, swaps with banks, exchange-traded futures contracts, and over-the-counter options. The changes in market value of such contracts have a high correlation to the price changes in the currency of the related transactions. The potential loss in fair value for such net currency position resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in foreign currency exchange rates is not material.
In 2023, due to ongoing foreign currency challenges in Egypt, the Company made an exception to its normal practice regarding sales into the Middle East and North Africa when it allowed customers to make payments in Egyptian pounds on receivables originally contracted in U.S. dollars. Based on the information available at the time, management expected to be able to convert the local currency to U.S. dollars within a relatively short timeframe and was able to use non-deliverable forward currency hedges to manage the foreign currency exposure through part of the year. As geopolitical instability and currency liquidity challenges continued to grow in the region, the non-deliverable forward currency hedges ceased to be effective and management made the decision to limit losses and accept a lower exchange rate on these receivables. The Company was able to convert all but $5.0 million of the receivables by December 31, 2023, incurring a currency loss during the year. Due to the economic and geopolitical risk in this region of the world, management resumed its standard practice of only accepting U.S. dollars in this region. The Company believes that the foreign currency risk that existed in 2023 is sufficiently mitigated and is not expected to be material to the Company's financial results as the Company moves forward into 2024.

Interest Rates

The fair value of the Company's long-term debt is estimated using quoted market prices or discounted future cash flows based on the Company's current incremental borrowing rates and credit ratings for similar types of borrowing arrangements. Market risk, which is estimated as the potential increase in fair value resulting from a hypothetical one-half percent decrease in interest rates, is summarized below:
December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities$585,137 $595,705 
Fair value in excess of carrying value(8,495)(10,087)
Market risk4,237 4,707 

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Actual results may differ. The estimated fair value and market risk will vary from year to year depending on the total amount of long-term debt and the mix of variable and fixed rate debt. The Company is also party to short-term debt borrowing arrangements with a capacity of approximately $1.9 billion. As the Company is a significant consumer of short-term debt in peak seasons and the majority of the borrowings are variable rate debt, increases in interest rates could have a significant impact on our profitability.

Additionally, the Company may enter into interest rate swaps from time to time to manage our mix of fixed and variable interest rate debt effectively which may decrease the market risk noted above. As of December 31, 2023, the majority of the Company's long-term debt is hedged with interest rate swaps, limiting interest rate volatility. See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion on the impact of these hedging instruments.


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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


The Andersons, Inc.
Index to Financial Statements

Page No.

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of The Andersons, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of The Andersons, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 21, 2024, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the US federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matter

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Goodwill—GSM and FSI Reporting Units—Refer to Notes 1 and 16 to the consolidated financial statements

Critical Audit Matter Description

Goodwill is tested for impairment annually as of October 1, or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. The Company uses a one-step quantitative approach that compares the business enterprise value (BEV) of each reporting unit with its carrying value. The BEV was computed based on both an income approach (discounted cash flows) and a market approach. The income approach uses a reporting unit’s estimated future cash flows, discounted at the weighted-average cost of capital of a hypothetical third-party buyer. The market approach estimates fair value by applying cash flow multiples to the reporting unit’s operating performance. The multiples are derived from comparable publicly traded companies with similar operating and investment characteristics to the reporting unit.


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The consolidated goodwill balance was $127.9 million as of December 31, 2023, of which $77.8 million and $41.3 million were allocated to the Grain Storage and Merchandising (GSM) and Food and Specialty Ingredients (FSI) reporting units, respectively. The BEV of the GSM and FSI reporting units exceeded its carrying values by 18% and 19%, respectively, as of October 1, 2023, and, therefore, no impairment was recognized. The BEV for the GSM and FSI reporting units are sensitive to changes in the weighted-average cost of capital. We identified the selection of the weighted-average cost of capital as of October 1, 2023, as a critical audit matter as there are significant judgments made by management to estimate the BEV of the GSM and FSI reporting units, specifically related to the weighted-average cost of capital assumption. This required a high degree of auditor judgement and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists, when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s assumptions related to selection of the weighted‑average cost of capital as of October 1, 2023.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our audit procedures related to the selection of the weighted-average cost of capital used by management to estimate the BEV of the GSM and FSI reporting units included the following, among others:

We tested the effectiveness of internal control over management’s selection of the valuation assumptions used to determine the BEV, including the weighted-average cost of capital.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the weighted-average cost of capital by:

Testing the source information underlying the determination of the weighted-average cost of capital and the mathematical accuracy of the calculation

Evaluating the underlying factors that led to management’s determination of the company-specific risk premium

Developing a range of independent estimates of the weighted-average cost of capital and comparing those to the weighted-average cost of capital selected by management

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Cleveland, Ohio
February 21, 2024

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.

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The Andersons, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 Year Ended December 31,
 202320222021
Sales and merchandising revenues$14,750,112 $17,325,384 $12,612,050 
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues14,004,749 16,641,220 12,019,353 
Gross profit745,363 684,164 592,697 
Operating, administrative and general expenses492,260 457,556 423,126 
Asset impairment87,156 9,000 8,947 
Interest expense, net46,867 56,849 37,292 
Other income, net50,483 33,823 37,438 
Income before income taxes from continuing operations169,563 194,582 160,770 
Income tax provision from continuing operations37,034 39,628 29,228 
Net income from continuing operations132,529 154,954 131,542 
Income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes 12,025 4,324 
Net income132,529 166,979 135,866 
Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest31,339 35,899 31,880 
Net income attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$101,190 $131,080 $103,986 
Average number of shares outstanding – basic33,718 33,731 33,279 
Average number of shares outstanding – diluted34,382 34,422 33,855 
Earnings per share attributable to
The Andersons, Inc. common shareholders:
Basic earnings:
Continuing operations$3.00 $3.53 $2.99 
Discontinued operations 0.36 0.13 
$3.00 $3.89 $3.12 
Diluted earnings:
Continuing operations$2.94 $3.46 $2.94 
Discontinued operations 0.35 0.13 
$2.94 $3.81 $3.07 
The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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The Andersons, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
 
 Year Ended December 31,
 202320222021
Net income$132,529 $166,979 $135,866 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Change in unrecognized actuarial gain and prior service cost(680)4,243 607 
Foreign currency translation adjustments5,622 (13,834)(108)
Cash flow hedge activity(2,561)28,881 12,771 
Other comprehensive income2,381 19,290 13,270 
Comprehensive income134,910 186,269 149,136 
Comprehensive income attributable to the noncontrolling interests31,339 35,899 31,880 
Comprehensive income attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$103,571 $150,370 $117,256 
The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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The Andersons, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share amounts)
December 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$643,854 $115,269 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $35,939 in 2023; $26,392 in 2022
762,549 1,248,878 
Inventories1,166,700 1,731,725 
Commodity derivative assets – current178,083 295,588 
Other current assets55,777 74,493 
Total current assets2,806,963 3,465,953 
Other assets:
Goodwill127,856 129,342 
Other intangible assets, net85,579 100,907 
Right of use assets, net54,234 61,890 
Other assets87,010 87,175 
Total other assets354,679 379,314 
Property, plant and equipment, net693,365 762,729 
Total assets$3,855,007 $4,607,996 
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt$43,106 $272,575 
Trade and other payables1,055,473 1,423,633 
Customer prepayments and deferred revenue187,054 370,524 
Commodity derivative liabilities – current90,849 98,519 
Current maturities of long-term debt27,561 110,155 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities232,288 245,916 
Total current liabilities1,636,331 2,521,322 
Long-term lease liabilities31,659 37,147 
Long-term debt, less current maturities562,960 492,518 
Deferred income taxes58,581 64,080 
Other long-term liabilities49,089 63,160 
Total liabilities2,338,620 3,178,227 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Shareholders’ equity:
Common shares, without par value (63,000,000 shares authorized;
34,063,983 shares issued in both 2023 and 2022)
142 142 
Preferred shares, without par value (1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued)
  
Additional paid-in capital387,210 385,248 
Treasury shares, at cost (269,797 in 2023; 445,800 in 2022)
(10,261)(15,043)
Accumulated other comprehensive income22,865 20,484 
Retained earnings882,943 807,770 
Total shareholders’ equity of The Andersons, Inc.1,282,899 1,198,601 
Noncontrolling interests233,488 231,168 
Total equity1,516,387 1,429,769 
Total liabilities and equity$3,855,007 $4,607,996 
The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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The Andersons, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
 Year Ended December 31,
 202320222021
Operating Activities
Net income from continuing operations$132,529 $154,954 $131,542 
Income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes 12,025 4,324 
Net income132,529 166,979 135,866 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization125,106 134,742 178,934 
Bad debt expense, net11,519 6,001 237 
Stock-based compensation expense12,857 11,192 11,038 
Deferred federal income tax(1,596)(20,009)(104,618)
Gain on sale of business from continuing operations(5,643) (14,619)
Asset impairment87,156 11,818 8,947 
(Gain) loss on sale of business from discontinued operations (27,091)1,491 
Damaged inventory 17,328  
Other(10,698)14,073 (481)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts and notes receivable468,968 (391,403)(184,002)
Inventories572,235 56,859 (528,073)
Commodity derivatives111,506 65,399 (107,188)
Other current and non-current assets6,529 10,936 (116,403)
Payables and other current and non-current liabilities(563,718)230,293 667,821 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities946,750 287,117 (51,050)
Investing Activities
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(24,698)(20,245)(11,425)
Purchases of property, plant and equipment and capitalized software(150,443)(108,284)(75,766)
Proceeds from sale of assets3,506 5,307 4,508 
Purchase of investments(1,730)(2,105)(6,243)
Proceeds from sale of business from continuing operations10,318 5,171 18,130 
Proceeds from sale of Rail assets2,871 36,706 19,150 
Proceeds from sale of business from discontinued operations 56,302 543,102 
Purchases of Rail assets (31,458)(6,039)
Other6,297 5,704 1,831 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(153,879)(52,902)487,248 
Financing Activities
Net (payments) receipts under short-term lines of credit(233,696)(21,273)(105,895)
Proceeds from issuance of short-term debt 350,000 608,250 
Payments of short-term debt (550,000)(408,250)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt100,000  203,000 
Payments of long-term debt(49,620)(30,045)(530,733)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owner(46,418)(44,910)(25)
Dividends paid(25,373)(24,609)(23,746)
Common stock repurchased(1,747)(12,721) 
Other(7,139)(1,172)8,630 
Net cash used in financing activities(263,993)(334,730)(248,769)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents(293)(660)(108)
Increase (decrease) in Cash and cash equivalents528,585 (101,175)187,321 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year115,269 216,444 29,123 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year$643,854 $115,269 $216,444 
The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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The Andersons, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except per share data)
 The Andersons, Inc. Shareholders’ Equity
 Common
Shares
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at January 1, 2021$138 $348,714 $(966)$(12,076)$626,081 $198,769 $1,160,660 
Net income103,986 31,880 135,866 
Other comprehensive income7,312 7,312 
Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)5,958 5,958 
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,655 4,655 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(25)(25)
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax
of $0 (22 shares)
2 19,881 368 (3,478)16,773 
Dividends declared
($0.705 per common share)
(23,495)(23,495)
Restricted share award dividend equivalents335 (335) 
Balance at December 31, 2021
$140 $368,595 $(263)$1,194 $702,759 $235,279 $1,307,704 
Net income131,080 35,899 166,979 
Other comprehensive income19,212 19,212 
Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income78 78 
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,900 4,900 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(44,910)(44,910)
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (51 shares)
2 16,598 (2,396)14,204 
Purchase of treasury shares (384 shares)
(12,721)(12,721)
Dividends declared
($0.725 per common share)
(24,441)(24,441)
Restricted share award dividend equivalents55 337 (1,628)(1,236)
Balance at December 31, 2022
$142 $385,248 $(15,043)$20,484 $807,770 $231,168 $1,429,769 
Net income101,190 31,339 132,529 
Other comprehensive income13,424 13,424 
Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income(11,043)(11,043)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(46,418)(46,418)
Deconsolidation of joint venture17,399 17,399 
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (227 shares)
1,339 6,364 7,703 
Purchase of treasury shares
(51 shares)
(1,747)(1,747)
Dividends declared
($0.745 per common share)
(25,150)(25,150)
Restricted share award dividend equivalents623 165 (867)(79)
Balance at December 31, 2023
$142 $387,210 $(10,261)$22,865 $882,943 $233,488 $1,516,387 

The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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The Andersons, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Consolidation

These Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of The Andersons, Inc. and its wholly owned and controlled subsidiaries (the “Company”). All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Investments in unconsolidated entities in which the Company has significant influence, but not control, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting.

In 2021, The Company executed a definitive agreement to sell the Rail Leasing business. In conjunction with the sale of the Rail Leasing business, the Company announced its intent to divest the remainder of the Rail business which it successfully sold in the third quarter of 2022. These transactions effectively constitute the entirety of what has historically been included in the Rail reportable segment. Therefore, the associated operating results, net of income tax, have been classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for all periods presented.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to current year classifications. Asset impairment expense has been reclassified from Operating, administrative and general expenses to its own financial statement line item in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. Current assets held-for-sale on the Consolidated Balance Sheets have been reclassified from its own financial statement line item to Other current assets for all periods presented.

At the inception of joint venture transactions, we identify entities for which control is achieved through means other than voting rights (“variable interest entities” or “VIEs”) and determine which business enterprise is the primary beneficiary of its operations. A VIE is broadly defined as an entity where either (i) the equity investors as a group, if any, do not have a controlling financial interest, or (ii) the equity investment at risk is insufficient to finance that entity’s activities without additional subordinated financial support. The Company consolidates investments in VIEs when the Company is determined to be the primary beneficiary. This evaluation is based on an enterprise’s ability to direct and influence the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact that entity’s economic performance.

The Company evaluates its interests in VIEs on an ongoing basis and consolidates any VIE in which it has a controlling financial interest and is deemed to be the primary beneficiary. A controlling financial interest has both of the following characteristics: (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact its economic performance; and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to it or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could be significant to the VIE.

In the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company had two VIE's in The Andersons Marathon Holdings LLC ("TAMH") and, prior to its deconsolidation as noted below, ELEMENT, LLC. ("ELEMENT"). The Company evaluated its interests in both TAMH and ELEMENT and determined that these entities were VIEs and that the Company was the primary beneficiary of TAMH and ELEMENT. This was due to the fact that the Company had both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact these entities and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from TAMH and ELEMENT. As a result, the Company consolidated the results of both TAMH and ELEMENT, until the deconsolidation of ELEMENT on April 18, 2023. TAMH remains as the Company's only VIE as of December 31, 2023. See note 19 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the deconsolidation of ELEMENT.

Use of Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

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Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash and short-term investments with an initial maturity of three months or less. The carrying values of these assets approximate their fair values.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and may bear interest if past due. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the best estimate of the current expected credit losses in existing accounts receivable and is reviewed quarterly. The allowance is based both on specific identification of potentially uncollectible accounts and the application of a consistent policy, based on historical experience, to estimate the allowance necessary for the remaining accounts receivable. For those customers that are thought to be at higher risk, the Company makes assumptions as to collectability based on past history and facts about the current situation. Account balances are charged off against the allowance when it becomes more certain that the receivable will not be recovered. The Company manages its exposure to counterparty credit risk through credit analysis and approvals, credit limits and monitoring procedures.

We utilize factoring arrangements with third-party financial institutions for certain of our trade accounts receivables in order to extend terms for the customer while we benefit from accelerated collections to manage working capital levels more effectively. These arrangements are on a non-recourse basis and are accounted for as sales and all changes in account receivables and cash proceeds are included in Cash provided by (used in) operating activities within the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The third-party financial institutions collect payment for the sold receivables and the Company has no continuing involvement with such receivables. Receivables are considered sold when they are transferred beyond the reach of the Company and its creditors, the purchaser has the right to pledge or exchange the receivables, and we have surrendered control over the transferred receivables. During the fiscal years 2023 and 2022 we sold, without recourse $311.6 million and $257.5 million of accounts receivable, respectively. Factoring fees were $4.5 million, $2.1 million, and $0.4 million during fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively, and were included in Operating, administrative, and general expenses within the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Commodity Derivatives and Inventories

The Company's operating results can be affected by changes to commodity prices. The Trade and Renewables businesses have established “unhedged” position limits (the amount of a commodity, either owned or contracted for, that does not have an offsetting derivative contract to mitigate the price risk associated with those contracts and inventory). To reduce the exposure to market price risk on commodities owned and forward commodity and ethanol purchase and sale contracts, the Company enters into exchange traded commodity futures and options contracts and over-the-counter forward and option contracts with various counterparties. The forward purchase and sale contracts are for physical delivery of the commodity in a future period. Contracts to purchase commodities from producers generally relate to the current or future crop years for deli